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Device handbook
SINEAX AM2000
Operating Instructions SINEAX AM2000
Camille Bauer Metrawatt AG
Aargauerstrasse 7
CH-5610 Wohlen / Switzerland
Phone: +41 56 618 21 11
Telefax: +41 56 618 35 35
E-Mail: info@cbmag.com
http://www.camillebauer.com
Legal information
Warning notices
In this document warning notices are used, which you have to observe to ensure personal safety and to prevent
damage to property. Depending on the degree of danger the following symbols are used:
If the warning notice is not followed death or severe personal injury
will result.
If the warning notice is not followed damage to property or severe
personal injury may result.
If the warning notice is not followed the device may be damaged or
may not fulfill the expected functionality.
Qualified personnel
The product described in this document may be handled by personnel only, which is qualified for the respective
task. Qualified personnel have the training and experience to identify risks and potential hazards when working
with the product. Qualified personnel are also able to understand and follow the given safety and warning
notices.
Intended use
The product described in this document may be used only for the application specified. The maximum electrical
supply data and ambient conditions specified in the technical data section must be adhered. For the perfect and
safe operation of the device proper transport and storage as well as professional assembly, installation,
handling and maintenance are required.
Disclaimer of liability
The content of this document has been reviewed to ensure correctness. Nevertheless it may contain errors or
inconsistencies and we cannot guarantee completeness and correctness. This is especially true for different
language versions of this document. This document is regularly reviewed and updated. Necessary corrections
will be included in subsequent version and are available via our webpage http://www.camillebauer.com.
Feedback
If you detect errors in this document or if there is necessary information missing, please inform us via e-mail to:
customer-support@camillebauer.com
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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Contents
1. Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 5
1.1 Purpose of this document ........................................................................................................5
1.2 Scope of supply .......................................................................................................................5
1.3 Further documents ..................................................................................................................5
2. Safety notes ..................................................................................................................... 6
3. Device overview............................................................................................................... 6
3.1 Brief description.......................................................................................................................6
3.2 Available measurement data ...................................................................................................6
4. Mechanical mounting ...................................................................................................... 7
4.1 Panel cutout ............................................................................................................................7
4.2 Mounting of the device ............................................................................................................7
4.3 Demounting of the device ........................................................................................................7
5. Electrical connections .................................................................................................... 8
5.1 General safety notes ...............................................................................................................8
5.2 Terminal assignments of the I/O extensions ............................................................................9
5.3 Possible cross sections and tightening torques .......................................................................9
5.4 Inputs ....................................................................................................................................10
5.5 Power supply .........................................................................................................................19
5.6 Relays ...................................................................................................................................19
5.7 Digital inputs..........................................................................................................................19
5.8 Digital outputs .......................................................................................................................20
5.9 Analog outputs ......................................................................................................................21
5.10 Modbus interface RS485 .......................................................................................................21
6. Commissioning.............................................................................................................. 22
6.1 Parametrization of the device functionality.............................................................................22
6.2 Installation check ...................................................................................................................23
6.3 Ethernet installation ...............................................................................................................24
6.3.1 Settings .........................................................................................................................24
6.3.2 Connection ....................................................................................................................26
6.4 Protection against device data changing ...............................................................................27
7. Operating the device ..................................................................................................... 28
7.1 Operating elements ...............................................................................................................28
7.2 Selecting the information to display .......................................................................................28
7.3 Measurement displays and used symbols .............................................................................29
7.4 Resetting measurement data.................................................................................................31
7.5 Configuration .........................................................................................................................31
7.5.1 Configuration at the device .............................................................................................31
7.5.2 Configuration via web browser ........................................................................................32
7.6 Alarming ................................................................................................................................34
7.6.1 Limit values.....................................................................................................................34
7.6.2 Monitoring functions ........................................................................................................35
7.6.3 Summary alarm ..............................................................................................................36
7.7 Data recording .......................................................................................................................37
7.7.1 Periodical data ................................................................................................................37
7.7.2 Events ............................................................................................................................40
7.7.3 Micro SD card .................................................................................................................41
7.8 Timeouts ...............................................................................................................................42
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8. Service, maintenance and disposal ............................................................................. 43
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
Calibration and new adjustment ............................................................................................ 43
Cleaning................................................................................................................................ 43
Battery .................................................................................................................................. 43
Disposal ................................................................................................................................ 43
9. Technical data ................................................................................................................ 44
10. Dimensional drawings ................................................................................................... 50
Annex ................................................................................................................................... 51
A Description of measured quantities ............................................................................. 51
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
Basic measurements............................................................................................................. 51
Harmonic analysis ................................................................................................................. 55
System imbalance................................................................................................................. 56
Mean values and trend.......................................................................................................... 57
Meters ................................................................................................................................... 58
B Display matrices ............................................................................................................ 59
B0
B1
B2
B3
B4
B5
B6
B7
B8
Used abbreviations for the measurements ............................................................................ 59
Display matrices for single phase system.............................................................................. 63
Display matrices for split-phase (two-phase) systems ........................................................... 64
Display matrices for 3-wire system, balanced load ................................................................ 65
Display matrices for 3-wire systems, unbalanced load .......................................................... 66
Display matrices for 3-wire systems, unbalanced load, Aron ................................................. 67
Display matrices for 4-wire system, balanced load ................................................................ 68
Display matrices for 4-wire systems, unbalanced load .......................................................... 69
Display matrices for 4-wire system, unbalanced load, Open-Y .............................................. 70
C Logic functions .............................................................................................................. 71
D FCC statement ............................................................................................................... 72
INDEX ................................................................................................................................... 73
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Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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1. Introduction
1.1 Purpose of this document
This document describes the universal measurement device for heavy-current quantities SINEAX
AM2000. It is intended to be used by:
• Installation personnel and commissioning engineers
• Service and maintenance personnel
• Planners
Scope
This handbook is valid for all hardware versions of the AM2000. Some of the functions described in this
document are available only, if the necessary optional components are included in the device.
Required knowledge
A general knowledge in the field of electrical engineering is required. For assembly and installation of the
device knowledge of applicable national safety regulations and installation standard is required.
1.2 Scope of supply
• Measurement device SINEAX AM2000
• Safety instructions (multiple languages)
• Mounting set: 2 mounting clamps
1.3 Further documents
The following documents are provided electronically via http://www.camillebauer.com/am2000-en :
• Safety instructions SINEAX AM2000 / AM3000
• Data sheet SINEAX AM1000 / AM2000 / AM3000
• Modbus basics: General description of the communication protocol
• Modbus interface SINEAX AMx000: Register description of Modbus communication
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Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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2. Safety notes
Device may only be disposed in a professional manner!
The installation and commissioning should only be carried out by trained personnel.
Check the following points before commissioning:
– that the maximum values for all the connections are not exceeded, see "Technical data"
section,
– that the connection wires are not damaged, and that they are not live during wiring,
– that the power flow direction and the phase rotation are correct.
The instrument must be taken out of service if safe operation is no longer possible (e.g. visible
damage). In this case, all the connections must be switched off. The instrument must be
returned to the factory or to an authorized service dealer.
It is forbidden to open the housing and to make modifications to the instrument. The instrument
is not equipped with an integrated circuit breaker. During installation check that a labeled switch
is installed and that it can easily be reached by the operators.
Unauthorized repair or alteration of the unit invalidates the warranty.
3. Device overview
3.1 Brief description
The SINEAX AM2000 is a comprehensive instrument for the universal measurement and monitoring in
power systems. A full parameterization of all functions of the AM2000 is possible directly at the device.
The universal measurement system of the device may be used directly for any power system, from single
phase up to 4-wire unbalanced networks, without hardware modifications.
Using additional, optional components the opportunities of the AM2000 may be extended. You may
choose from I/O extensions, communication interfaces and data logging. The nameplate on the device
gives further details about the present version.
3.2 Available measurement data
The SINEAX AM2000 provides measurements in the following subcategories:
a) Instantaneous values: Present TRMS values and associated min/max values
b) Energy: Power mean-values with trend and history as well as energy meters. With the data logger
option “periodical data” mean-value progressions (load profiles) and periodical meter readings are
available as well.
c) Harmonics: Total harmonic distortion THD/TDD, individual harmonics and their maximum values
d) Phasor diagram: Graphical overview of all current and voltage phasors
e) Events: State list of monitored alarms. With the data logger option also chronological lists of events
and alarms as well as operator events are available.
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Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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4. Mechanical mounting
► The AM2000 is designed for panel mounting
Please ensure that the operating temperature limits are not exceeded when
determining the place of mounting (place of measurement):
-10 ... 55°C
4.1 Panel cutout
Dimensional drawing AM2000:
See section 10
4.2 Mounting of the device
The device is suitable for panel widths up to 8mm.
a) Slide the device into the cutout from
the outside
b) From the side slide in the mounting
clamps into the intended openings and
pull them back about 2 mm
c) Tighten the fixation screws until the
device is tightly fixed with the panel
4.3 Demounting of the device
The demounting of the device may be performed only if all connected wires are out of service. Remove all
plug-in terminals and all connections of the current and voltage inputs. Pay attention to the fact, that
current transformers must be shortened before removing the current connections to the device. Then
demount the device in the opposite order of mounting (4.2).
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Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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5. Electrical connections
Ensure under all circumstances that the leads are free of potential
when connecting them!
5.1 General safety notes
Please observe that the data on the type plate must be adhered to!
The national provisions have to be observed in the installation and material selection of electric lines,
e.g. in Germany VDE 0100 “Conditions concerning the erection of heavy current facilities with rated
voltages below 1000 V”!
Nameplate of a device with
• Modbus/RTU interface
• 4 relay outputs
• 4 analog outputs
Symbol
Meaning
Device may only be disposed of in a professional manner!
Double insulation, device of protection class 2
CE conformity mark. The device fulfills the requirements of the applicable EU
directives.
Caution! General hazard point. Read the operating instructions.
General symbol: Input
General symbol: Output
CAT III
PM 1000087 000 07
Measurement category CAT III for current / voltage inputs, power supply and relay
outputs
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
8/73
5.2 Terminal assignments of the I/O extensions
Function
2 relay outputs
2 analog outputs
4 analog outputs
4 digital inputs (active)
4 digital inputs (passive)
Option 1
Option 2
Option 3
Option 4
1.1: 51,52,53
2.1: 61,62,63
3.1: 41,42,43
4.1: 31,32,33
1.2: 55,56,57
2.2: 65,66,67
3.2: 45,46,47
4.2: 35,36,37
1.1: 56(+), 57(-)
2.1: 66(+), 67(-)
3.1: 46(+), 47(-)
4.1: 36(+), 37(-)
1.2: 55(+), 57(-)
2.2: 65(+), 67(-)
3.2: 45(+), 47(-)
4.2: 35(+), 37(-)
1.1: 56(+), 57(-)
2.1: 66(+), 67(-)
3.1: 46(+), 47(-)
4.1: 36(+), 37(-)
1.2: 55(+), 57(-)
2.2: 65(+), 67(-)
3.2: 45(+), 47(-)
4.2: 35(+), 37(-)
1.3: 52(+), 53(-)
2.3: 62(+), 63(-)
3.3: 42(+), 43(-)
4.3: 32(+), 33(-)
1.4: 51(+), 53(-)
2.4: 61(+), 63(-)
3.4: 41(+), 43(-)
4.4: 31(+), 33(-)
1.1: 51(-), 53(+)
2.1: 61(-), 63(+)
3.1: 41(-), 43(+)
4.1: 31(-), 33(+)
1.2: 52(-), 53(+)
2.2: 62(-), 63(+)
3.2: 42(-), 43(+)
4.2: 32(-), 33(+)
1.3: 55(-), 57(+)
2.3: 65(-), 67(+)
3.3: 45(-), 47(+)
4.3: 35(-), 37(+)
1.4: 56(-), 57(+)
2.4: 66(-), 67(+)
3.4: 46(-), 47(+)
4.4: 36(-), 37(+)
1.1: 51(+), 53(-)
2.1: 61(+), 63(-)
3.1: 41(+), 43(-)
4.1: 31(+), 33(-)
1.2: 52(+), 53(-)
2.2: 62(+), 63(-)
3.2: 42(+), 43(-)
4.2: 32(+), 33(-)
1.3: 55(+), 57(-)
2.3: 65(+), 67(-)
3.3: 45(+), 47(-)
4.3: 35(+), 37(-)
1.4: 56(+), 57(-)
2.4: 66(+), 67(-)
3.4: 46(+), 47(-)
4.4: 36(+), 37(-)
5.3 Possible cross sections and tightening torques
Inputs L1(2), L2(5), L3(8), N(11), I1(1-3), I2(4-6), I3(7-9), power supply (13-14)
Single wire
2
1 x 0,5 ... 6.0mm or 2 x 0,5 ... 2.5mm
2
Multiwire with end splices
2
1 x 0,5 ... 4.0mm or 2 x 0,5 ... 2.5mm
2
Tightening torque
0.5…0.6Nm resp. 4.42…5.31 lbf in
I/O's, relays, RS485 connector (A, B, C/X)
Single wire
2
1 x 0.5 ... 2.5mm or 2 x 0.5 ... 1.0mm
2
Multiwire with end splices
2
1 x 0.5 ... 2.5mm or 2 x 0.5 ... 1.5mm
2
Tightening torque
0.5…0.6Nm resp. 4.42…5.31 lbf in
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Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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5.4 Inputs
All voltage measurement inputs must originate at circuit breakers or fuses rated 5 Amps or
less. This does not apply to the neutral connector. You have to provide a method for
manually removing power from the device, such as a clearly labeled circuit breaker or a
fused disconnect switch.
When using voltage transformers you have to ensure that their secondary connections
never will be short-circuited.
No fuse may be connected upstream of the current measurement inputs!
When using current transformers their secondary connectors must be short-circuited
during installation and before removing the device. Never open the secondary circuit under
load.
The connection of the inputs depends on the configured system (connection type).
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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Single-phase AC mains
L1
N
Direct connection
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
I1
6
K
L
k
7
9
I3
I2
l
L1
4
10
12
11
16
2
N
PE
IN
L1
5
L2
8
L3
N
With current transformer
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
I1
6
I2
K
L
k
l
L1
4
7
9
I3
10
12
11
16
2
N
PE
IN
L1
5
L2
8
L3
N
V
U
v
u
With current and voltage transformer
5A
(UL listed)
1
I1
PM 1000087 000 07
3
4
I2
6
7
I3
9
10
IN
12
11
16
PE
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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Three wire system, balanced load, current measurement via L1
L1
L2
L3
Direct connection
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
I1
L2
6
I2
K
L
k
l
L1
4
7
9
10
I3
12
11
16
PE
IN
N
2
5
L1
L2
8
L3
L3
With current transformer
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
I1
L2
6
I2
K
L
k
l
L1
4
7
9
10
I3
12
11
16
PE
IN
N
2
5
L1
L2
8
L3
L3
U
V
U
V
u
v
u
v
With current and voltage transformers
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
I1
4
I2
6
7
9
10
I3
12
11
16
PE
IN
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
In case of current measurement via L2 or L3 connect the device
according to the following table:
Terminals
1
3
2
5
8
Current meas. via L2
I2(k)
I2(l)
L2
L3
L1
Current meas. via L3
I3(k)
I3(l)
L3
L1
L2
By rotating the voltage connections the
measurements U12, U23 and U31 will be
assigned interchanged!
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Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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Four wire system, balanced load, current measurement via L1
L1
L2
L3
N
Direct connection
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
I1
L2
6
K
L
k
7
9
I3
I2
l
L1
4
10
12
11
16
N
PE
IN
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
L3
N
With current transformer
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
I1
L2
6
I2
K
L
k
l
L1
4
7
9
I3
10
12
11
16
N
PE
IN
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
L3
N
V
U
v
u
With current and voltage transformer
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
I1
4
6
I2
7
9
I3
10
12
11
16
N
PE
IN
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
In case of current measurement via L2 or L3 connect the device
according to the following table:
Terminals
1
3
2
11
Current meas. via L2
I2(k)
I2(l)
L2
N
Current meas. via L3
I3(k)
I3(l)
L3
N
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Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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Three wire system, unbalanced load
L1
L2
L3
Direct connection
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
4
I1
K
9
I3
10
12
11
16
PE
IN
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
L
K
L
l
k
L3
K
L
k
l
L2
7
l
L1
6
I2
k
With current transformers
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
4
I1
K
9
I3
10
12
11
16
PE
IN
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
L
K
L
l
k
L3
K
L
k
l
L2
7
l
L1
6
I2
k
With current and 3 single-pole isolated
voltage transformers
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
I1
PM 1000087 000 07
4
I2
6
7
I3
9
10
IN
12
11
16
PE
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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Three wire system, unbalanced load, Aron connection
L1
L2
L3
Direct connection
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
I1
7
K
L
k
9
I3
10
12
K
L
k
11
16
PE
IN
l
L2
6
I2
l
L1
4
N
5
2
8
L3
L2
L1
L3
With current transformers
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
I1
7
K
L
k
9
10
12
K
L
k
11
16
PE
IN
I3
l
L2
6
I2
l
L1
4
N
2
8
5
L2
L1
L3
L3
U
U
U
X
X
X
x
x
x
u
u
u
With current and 3 single-pole isolated
voltage transformers
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
I1
PM 1000087 000 07
4
I2
6
7
I3
9
10
IN
12
11
16
PE
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
15/73
Four wire system, unbalanced load
L1
L2
L3
N
Direct connection
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
4
I1
K
9
I3
10
12
11
16
PE
IN
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
L
K
L
l
k
L3
K
L
k
l
L2
7
l
L1
6
I2
k
N
With current transformer
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
4
I1
K
9
I3
10
12
11
16
PE
IN
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
L
K
L
l
k
L3
K
L
k
l
L2
7
l
L1
6
I2
k
N
U
U
U
X
X
X
x
x
x
u
u
u
With current and 3 single-pole isolated
voltage transformers
5A
(UL listed)
1
I1
PM 1000087 000 07
3
4
I2
6
7
I3
9
10
IN
12
11
16
PE
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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Four wire system, unbalanced load, Open-Y
L1
L2
L3
N
Direct connection
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
4
I1
K
9
I3
10
12
11
16
PE
IN
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
L
K
L
l
k
L3
K
L
k
l
L2
7
l
L1
6
I2
k
N
With current transformers
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
4
I1
K
9
I3
10
12
11
16
PE
IN
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
L
K
L
l
k
L3
K
L
k
l
L2
7
l
L1
6
I2
k
N
U
U
X
X
x
x
u
u
With current and 2 single-pole isolated
voltage transformers
5A
(UL listed)
1
I1
PM 1000087 000 07
3
4
I2
6
7
I3
9
10
IN
12
11
16
PE
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
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Split-phase ("two phase system"), unbalanced load
L1
L2
N
Direct connection
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
4
I1
9
10
12
11
16
L3
L2
L1
8
5
2
N
PE
IN
L
K
L
k
l
L2
K
7
I3
l
L1
6
I2
k
N
With current transformers
5A
(UL listed)
1
3
9
10
12
11
16
PE
IN
5
2
N
L1
L2
8
L3
L
K
L
k
l
L2
K
7
I3
I2
l
L1
6
4
I1
k
N
U
V
V
U
With current and voltage transformer
u
v
v
u
In systems without a primary neutral conductor a
voltage transformer with a secondary center tap
can also be used.
5A
(UL listed)
1
I1
PM 1000087 000 07
3
4
I2
6
7
I3
9
10
IN
12
11
16
PE
N
2
L1
5
L2
8
L3
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
18/73
5.5 Power supply
A marked and easily accessible current limiting switch has to be arranged in the vicinity of
the device for turning off the power supply. Fusing should be 10 Amps or less and must be
rated for the available voltage and fault current.
5.6 Relays
When the device is switched off the relay contacts are de-energized, but dangerous
voltages may be present.
Relays are available for device versions with
corresponding I/O extensions only.
I/O extension y
x
1
5
2
6
3
4
4
3
5.7 Digital inputs
The device provides a standard passive digital input. In addition, depending on the device version, there
may be 4-channel passive or active digital input modules available.
Usage of the standard digital input
► Synchronization of billing intervals in accordance with energy provider
► Meter tariff switching
Usage of the inputs of the optional input modules
► Counting input for pulses of meters for any kind of energy (pulse width 70…250ms)
► Operating feedback of loads for operating time counters
► Trigger and release signal for monitoring functions
Passive inputs (external power supply with 12 / 24 VDC required)
The power supply shall not exceed 30V DC!
Technical data
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Input current
< 7,0 mA
Logical ZERO
- 3 up to + 5 V
Logical ONE
8 up to 30 V
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Active inputs (no external power supply required)
Example with meter pulse and status inputs
Technical data
acc. EN62053-31, class B
Open circuit voltage
≤ 15 V
Short circuit current
< 15 mA
Current at RON=800Ω ≥ 2 mA
5.8 Digital outputs
The device has two standard digital outputs for which an external 12 / 24 VDC power supply is required.
The power supply shall not exceed 30V DC!
Usage as digital output
► Alarm output
► State reporting
► Pulse output to an external counter (acc. EN62053-31)
► Remote controlled output
1) Recommended if input
impedance of counter
> 100 kΩ
Driving a counter mechanism
Driving a relay
The width of the energy pulses can be selected within a
range of 30 up to 250ms, but have to be adapted to the
external counter mechanism.
Rated current
Switching frequency (S0)
Leakage current
Voltage drop
Load capacity
Electro mechanical meters typically need a pulse width
of 50...100ms.
50 mA (60 mA max.)
≤ 20 Hz
0,01 mA
<3V
400 Ω … 1 MΩ
Electronic meters are partly capable to detect pulses in
the kHz range. There are two types: NPN (active negative
edge) and PNP (active positive edge). For this device a
PNP is required. The pulse width has to be ≥ 30ms (acc.
EN62053-31). The delay between two pulses has to be at
least the pulse width. The smaller the pulse width, the
higher the sensitivity to disturbances.
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5.9 Analog outputs
Analog outputs are available for devices with corresponding I/O extensions only. See nameplate. Analog
outputs may be remote controlled.
Connection to an analog input card of a PLC or a
control system
The device is an isolated measurement device. The
module outputs are galvanically connected, but the
modules isolated from each other. To reduce the
influence of disturbances shielded a twisted-pair cables
should be used. The shield should be connected to earth
on both opposite ends. If there are potential differences
between the ends of the cable the shield should be
earthed on one side only to prevent from equalizing
currents.
Under all circumstances consider as well appropriate
remarks in the instruction manual of the system to
connect.
5.10 Modbus interface RS485
Via the optional Modbus interface measurement data may be provided for a superior system. However,
the Modbus interface cannot be used for device parameterization.
1) One ground connection only.
This is possibly made within the
master (PC).
Rt: Termination resistors: 120 Ω each
for long cables (> approx. 10 m)
Rs: Bus supply resistors,
390 Ω each
The signal wires (A, B) have to be twisted. GND (C/X) can be connected via a wire or via the cable screen.
In disturbed environments shielded cables must be used. Supply resistors (Rs) have to be present in bus
master (PC) interface. Stubs should be avoided when connecting the devices. A pure line network is ideal.
You may connect up to 32 Modbus devices to the bus. A proper operation requires that all devices
connected to the bus have equal communication settings (baud rate, transmission format) and unique
Modbus addresses.
The bus system is operated half duplex and may be extended to a maximum length of 1200 m without
repeater.
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6. Commissioning
Before commissioning you have to check if the connection data of the device match the data
of the plant (see nameplate).
If so, you can start to put the device into operation by switching on the power supply and the
measurement inputs.
Measurement input
Input voltage
Input current
System frequency
1 Works no.
2 Test and conformity marks
3 Assignment voltage inputs
4 Assignment current inputs
5 Assignment power supply
6 Load capacity relay outputs
6.1 Parametrization of the device functionality
A full parameterization of all functions of the device is possible directly at the device. See: Configuration
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6.2 Installation check
By means of the phasor diagram the correct connection of the current and voltage inputs can be checked.
In this diagram a technical visualization of the current and voltage phasors is shown, using a counterclockwise rotation, independent of the real sense of rotation.
The diagram is always built basing on the voltage of the reference channel (direction 3 o’clock)
Correct installation (expectation)
• Voltage sequence in clock-wise order
L1  L2  L3 (0°  -120°  120°)
• Current sequence in clock-wise order
L1  L2  L3
• Similar angle between voltage and current phasors in all
phases (approx. -20°)
What’s wrong?
• Voltage sequence: L1  L2  L3
• Current sequence: L1 L3  L2; Current L2 is out of the
expected sequence
• Angle U-I: Angle between UL2 and IL2 is approx. 180°
wrong
Required correction
Exchanging the connections of current I2
What’s wrong?
• Voltage sequence: L1 L3  L2; L3 and L2 seem to be
interchanged
• Current sequence: L1  L2  L3
• Angle U-I: Angle between UL2 and IL2 is approx. 180°
wrong
Required correction
Exchanging the connections of the voltages L2 and L3
What’s wrong?
• Voltage sequence: L1 L3  L2; L3 and L2 seems to be
exchanged
• Current sequence: L1 L3  L2; Current L2 is out of the
expected sequence
• Angle U-I: Angles between UL2 / IL2 and UL3 / IL3 do not
correspond to the expectations
Required correction
Exchanging the connections of the voltages L2 and L3 and
reversing the polarity of the current input I2
What’s wrong?
• Voltage sequence: L1  L2  L3
• Current sequence: L2 L3  L1
• Angle U-I: The U-I angles do not correspond to the
expectation, but are similar
Required correction
Cyclical exchange of the voltage connections: L1L3,
L2L1, L3L2. As an alternative the sequence of all current
may be changed as well (more effort required).
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6.3 Ethernet installation
6.3.1 Settings
Before devices can be connected to an existing Ethernet network, you have to ensure that they
will not disturb the normal network service. The rule is:
None of the devices to connect is allowed to have the same IP address
than another device already installed
The factory setting of the IP address is: 192.168.1.101
The settings of the Ethernet interface can be performed via the menu Settings | Communication | Ethernet.
The following settings have to be arranged with the network administrator:
- IP address: This one must be unique, i.e. may be assigned in the network only once.
- Subnet mask: Defines how many devices are directly addressable in the network. This setting is equal
for all the devices.
- Default gateway: Is used to resolve addresses during communication between different networks. It
should contain a valid address within the directly addressable network.
- Hostname: Individual designation for each device. Via the hostname the device can be uniquely
identified in the network. Therefore for each device a unique name should be assigned.
For a direct communication between device and PC both devices need to be in the same network when
the subnet mask is applied:
Example 1
decimal
IP address
192.168.
1.101
11000000 10101000 00000001 01100101
Subnet mask
255.255.255.224
11111111 11111111 11111111 11100000
binary
xxxxx
variable range
First address
192.168.
1. 96
11000000 10101000 00000001 01100000
Last address
192.168.
1.127
11000000 10101000 00000001 01111111
► The device 192.168.1.101 can access directly the devices 192.168.1.96 … 192.168.1.127
Example 2
decimal
binary
IP address
192.168. 57. 64
11000000 10101000 00111001 01000000
Subnet mask
255.255.252.
11111111 11111111 11111100 00000000
0
xx xxxxxxxx
variable range
First address
192.168. 56.
0
11000000 10101000 00111000 00000000
Last address
192.168. 59.255
11000000 10101000 00111011 11111111
► The device 192.168.57.64 can access directly the devices 192.168.56.0 ... 192.168.59.255
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DHCP
If a DHCP server is available, alternatively the mode „DHCP“ or „DHCP, addresses only“ can be
selected. The device then gets all necessary information from the DHCP server. The difference between
the two modes is that for “DHCP” also the DNS server address is obtained.
The settings obtained from the DHCP server can be retrieved locally via the service menu. Please keep in
mind, that when using the web browser you need to know the IP address in advance to establish a
connection.
Depending on the settings of the DHCP server the provided IP address can change on each
reboot of the device. Thus it’s recommended to use the DHCP mode during commissioning
only.
Time synchronization via NTP protocol
For the time synchronization via Ethernet NTP (Network Time Protocol) is the standard. Corresponding
time servers are used in computer networks, but are also available for free via Internet. Using NTP it's
possible to hold all devices on a common time base.
Two different NTP servers may be defined. If the first server is not available the second server is used for
trying to synchronize the time. If no time synchronization is desired, assign the address 0.0.0.0 to both
NTP servers.
If a public NTP server is used, e.g. “pool.ntp.org”, a name resolution is required. This normally happens
via a DNS server. So, the IP address of the DNS server must be set in the communication settings of the
Ethernet interface to make a communication with the NTP server possible - and thus time synchronization.
Your network administrator can provide you the necessary information.
TCP ports
The TCP communication is done via so-called ports. The number of the used port allows determining the
type of communication. As a standard Modbus/TCP communication is performed via TCP port 502, NTP
uses port 123. However, the port for the Modbus/TCP telegrams may be modified. You may provide a
unique port to each of the devices, e.g. 503, 504, 505 etc., for an easier analysis of the telegram traffic.
The setting of the Modbus TCP port is done as shown above. Independent of these setting a
communication via port 502 is always supported. The device allows at least 5 connections to different
clients at the same time.
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Firewall
Due to security reasons nowadays each network is protected by means of a firewall. When configuring the
firewall you have to decide which communication is desired and which have to be blocked. The TCP port
502 for the Modbus/TCP communication normally is considered to be unsafe and is very often disabled.
This may lead to a situation where no communication between networks (e.g. via Internet) is possible.
6.3.2
Connection
The standard RJ45 connector serves for direct connecting an Ethernet cable.
 Interface: RJ45 connector, Ethernet 100BaseTX
 Mode:
10/100 MBit/s, full / half duplex, Auto-negotiation
 Protocols: http, Modbus/TCP, NTP
Functionality of the LED's
LED right (green)
 Switched on as soon as a network connection exists
(link)
LED left (green)
 Switched-on during communication with the device
(activity)
To have a unique identification of Ethernet
devices in a network, to each connection a
unique MAC address is assigned. This
address is given on the nameplate, in the
example: 00:12:34:1A:00:97.
Compared to the IP address, which may be
modified by the user at any time, the MAC
address is statically.
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6.4 Protection against device data changing
Configuration or measurement data stored in the device may be modified via either service or settings
menu. To protect these data a security system may be activated (default: not activated). If the security
system is active the user hat to enter a password before executing protected functions. Subsequent to a
successful password input the access remains open until the user leaves the settings / service menu or
an input timeout occurs.
For activating the security system a password input is required. The factory default is: “1234”.
The password can be modified by the user. Permitted characters are ‘a‘…‘z‘,
‘A‘…‘Z‘ and ‘0‘…‘9‘, length 4…12 characters.
ATTENTION: A reset to factory default will reset also the password. But for a factory
reset the present password needs to be entered. If this password is no longer known
the device must be sent back to the factory!
Representation
Security system
active
Security system
deactivated / inactive
Device display
Webpage
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7. Operating the device
7.1 Operating elements
Operation is performed by means of 6 keys:
 4 keys for navigation ( ,
for the selection of values
,
,
) and
 OK for selection or confirmation
 ESC for menu display, terminate or
cancel
The function of the operating keys changes in
some measurement displays, during
parameterization and in service functions. The
valid functionality of the keys is then shown in
a help bar.
7.2 Selecting the information to display
Information selection is performed via menu.
Menu items may contain further sub-menus.
Displaying the menu
Press ESC. Each time the key is pressed a
change to a higher menu level is performed, if
present.
Displaying information
The menu item chosen using , can be
selected using OK. Repeat the procedure in
possible submenus until the required information
is displayed.
Return to measurement display
After 2 min. without interaction the menu is
automatically closed and the last active
measurement display is shown.
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7.3 Measurement displays and used symbols
For displaying measurement information the device uses both numerical and numerical-graphical
measurement displays.
Examples
Measurement information
2 measured quantities
4 measured quantities
2x4 measured quantities
2x4 measured quantities with min/max
Graphical measurement display
Further examples
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Incoming / outgoing / inductive / capacitive
The device provides information for all four quadrants. Quadrants
are normally identified using the roman numbers I, II, III and IV, as
shown in the adjacent graphic. Depending on whether the system
is viewed from the producer or consumer side, the interpretation
of the quadrants is changing: The energy built from the active
power in the quadrants I+IV can either been seen as delivered or
consumed active energy.
By avoiding terms like incoming / outgoing energy and inductive or
capacitive load when displaying data, an independent
interpretation of the 4-quadrant information becomes possible.
Instead the quadrant numbers I, II, III or IV, a combination of them
or an appropriate graphical representation is used. You can select
your own point of view by selecting the reference arrow system
(load or generator) in the settings of the measurement.
Used symbols
For defining a measurement uniquely, a short description (e.g. U1N) and a unit (e.g. V) are often not sufficient.
Some measurements need further information, which is given by one of the following symbols or a combination
of this symbols:
Mean-value
Σ HT
Meter (high tariff)
Mean-value trend
Σ LT
Meter (low tariff)
Bimetal function (current)
Maximum value
Energy quadrants I+IV
Minimum value
Energy quadrants II+III
TRMS
True root-mean-square value
Energy quadrants I+II
RMS
Root-mean square value (e.g.
fundamental or harmonic content only)
Energy quadrants III+IV
(H1)
Fundamental component only
I,II,III,IV Quadrants
Meters with tariff and quadrant information
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7.4 Resetting measurement data
• Minimum and maximum may be reset during operation. The reset may be performed in groups using
the service menu.
Group
Values to be reset
1
Min/max values of voltages, currents and frequency
2
Min/max values of Power quantities (P,Q,Q(H1),D,S); min. load factors
3
Min/max values of power mean-values, bimetal slave pointers and free selectable mean-values
4
Maximum values of harmonic analysis: THD U/I, TDD I, individual harmonics U/I
5
All imbalance maximum values of voltage and current
• Meter contents may be individually set or reset during operation using the service menu
• Recorded logger data can be individually reset via the service menu. This makes sense whenever the
configuration of the quantities to record has been changed.
7.5 Configuration
7.5.1 Configuration at the device
A full parameterization of the device can be performed via the menu “Settings”. With the exception of the
“Country and clock” menu, all modifications will not take effect before the user accepts the query “Store
configuration changes” when leaving the settings menu.
• Country and clock: time/date, time zone, date format, display language
• Display: Refresh rate, brightness, screen saver
• Communication: Settings of the communication interfaces Ethernet and Modbus/RTU
• Measurement: System type, sense of rotation, nominal values of U / I / f, sampling, reference arrow
system etc.
Hints
 U / I transformer: The primary to secondary ratio is used only for converting the measured secondary to
primary values, so e.g. 100 / 5 is equivalent to 20 / 1. The values do not have any influence on the display
format of the measurements.
 Nominal voltage / current: Used only as reference values, e.g. for scaling the harmonic content TDD of the
currents
 Maximum primary values U/I: These values are used for fixing the display format of the measurements. This
way you can optimize the resolution of the displayed values, because there is no dependency to installed
transformers.
 Synchronous sampling: yes=sampling is adjusted to the measured system frequency to have a constant
number of samplings per cycle; no=constant sampling based on the selected system frequency
 Reference channel: The measurement of the system frequency is done via the selected voltage or current
input
• Mean-values | standard quantities: Interval time and synchronization source for the predefined
power mean values
• Mean-values | user defined quantities: Selection of up to 12 quantities for determining their meanvalues and selection of their common interval and synchronization source
• Bimetal current: Selection of the response time for determining bimetal currents
• Meters | Standard meters: Tariff switching ON/OFF, meter resolution
• Meters | User defined meters: Base quantities (Px,Qx,Q(H1)x,Sx,Ix), Tariff switching ON/OFF,
meter resolution
• Meters | Meter logger: Selection of the reading interval
• Limit values: Selection of up to 12 quantities to monitor, limit values for ON/OFF
• Digital inputs: Debounce time (minimum pulse width), pulse rate and polarity of the digital inputs
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• Monitoring functions: Definition of up to 8 monitoring functions with up to three inputs each, delay
times for ON / OFF and description text
• Summary alarm: Selection of the monitoring functions to be used for triggering the summary alarm
and selection of a possible source for resetting
• Operating hours: Selection of the running condition for up to 3 operating hour counters
• Digital outputs | Digital output: State, pulse or remote controlled digital output with source, pulse
width, polarity, number of pulses per unit
• Digital outputs | Relay: State or remote controlled relay output with source
• Analog outputs: Type of output, source, transfer characteristic, upper/lower range limit
• Security system: Definition of password and password protection active/inactive
• Demo mode: Activation of a presentation mode; measurement data will be simulated. Demo mode
is automatically stopped when rebooting the device.
• Device tag: Input of a free text for describing the device
7.5.2
Configuration via web browser
It’s recommended to use either Google-Chrome or Firefox as browser.
Internet Explorer works with limitations only (partly missing texts, firmware update not possible)
For configuration via web browser use the device homepage via http://<ip_addr>. The default IP address
of the device is 192.168.1.101.
This request works only if device and PC are in the same network when applying the subnet mask
(examples).
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Via WEB-GUI all device settings can be performed as via the local GUI. Possibly modifications needs to
be saved in the device, before all parameters have been set. In such a case the following message
appears:
If this request is not confirmed unsaved modifications of the present device configuration may get lost.
Loading / saving configuration files
The user can save the present device configuration on a storage media and reload it from there. The
storage or load procedure varies depending on the used browser.
Loading a configuration file from a storage media
The configuration data of the selected file will be directly loaded into the device. The
values in the WEB-GUI will be updated accordingly. Normally devices differ in the
settings of network resp. Modbus parameters and device name. Thus when loading the
file you can choose, whether the appropriate settings of the device should be retained or
overwritten by the values in the file to be uploaded.
Storing the current parameter settings of the WEB-GUI into the device
Saving the device configuration to a storage media
Attention: Modifications in the WEB-GUI, which haven’t been stored in the device, will
not be written to the storage media.
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7.6 Alarming
The alarming concept is very flexible. Depending on the user requirements simple or more advanced
monitoring tasks may be realized. The most important objects are limit values, monitoring functions and
the summary alarm.
7.6.1
Limit values
Using limit values either the exceeding of a given
value (upper limit) or the fall below a given value
(lower limit) is monitored.
Limits values are defined by means of two
parameters: Limit for ON / OFF. The hysteresis
corresponds to the difference between these two
values.
If a data logger is implemented both state transitions
OFF→ON and ON→OFF can be recorded as event or
alarm in the appropriate lists.
Upper limit: Limit for ON ≥ Limit for OFF
► The limit value becomes active (1) as soon as
the limit for ON state is exceeded. It remains
active until the associated measured quantity
falls below the limit for OFF state again.
► The limit value is inactive (0) if either the limit for
ON is not yet reached or if, following the
activation of the limit value, the associated
measured quantity falls below the limit for OFF
state again.
Lower limit: Limit for ON < Limit for OFF
► The limit value becomes active (1) as soon as
the associated measured quantity falls below the
limit for ON state. It remains active until the
associated measured quantity exceeds the limit
for OFF state again.
► The limit value is inactive (0) if either the
associated measured quantity is higher than the
limit for ON state or if, following the activation of
the limit value, it exceeds the limit for OFF state
again.
If the limit for ON state and the limit for OFF state are configured to the same value,
the limit value will be treated as an upper limit value without hysteresis.
Limit value states can:
… directly be used as source for a digital output
… be used as logic input for a monitoring function
… be recorded as event or alarm in the appropriate lists on each changing
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7.6.2
Monitoring functions
By means of monitoring functions the user can define an extended condition monitoring, e.g. for triggering
an over-current alarm, if one of the phase currents exceeds a certain limit value.
The states of all monitoring functions
…will be shown in the alarm list (“Alarms” via main menu)
…build a summary alarm state
Logic inputs
Up to three states of limit values, logic inputs or other monitoring functions. Unused inputs will
automatically be initialized in a way that they do not influence the output.
Logic function
For the logical combination of the inputs the function AND, NAND, OR, NOR, DIRECT and INVERT are
available. These logical functions are described in Appendix C.
Delay time on
The time a condition must be present until it is forwarded
Delay time off
Time to be waited until a condition, which is no longer present, will be released again
Description
This text will be used for visualization in the alarm list
List entry (with data logger only)
• Alarm / event: Each state transition will be recorded in the appropriate list
• none: No recording of state transitions
Possible follow-up actions
• Driving a logic output. The assignment of the monitoring function to a digital output / relay is done via
the settings of the corresponding output.
• Visualization of the present state in the alarm list
• Combining the states of all monitoring functions to create a summary alarm
• Recording of state transitions as alarm or event in the appropriate lists
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7.6.3 Summary alarm
The summary alarm combines the states of all monitoring function MFx to a superior alarm-state of the
overall unit. For each monitoring function you may select if it is used for building the summary alarm state.
If at least one of the used functions is in the alarm state, the summary alarm is also in the alarm state.
Alarm display
The symbol arranged in the status bar signalizes if there are active alarms or not.
Acknowledgment: By acknowledging the summary alarm, the user confirms that he has recognized that
an alarm state occurred. The acknowledgment is done automatically as soon as the user selects the
alarm list to be displayed locally or via web browser or if the alarm state no longer exists. By
acknowledging only the flashing of the alarm symbol stops, the symbol itself remains statically displayed
until none of the monitoring functions is in the alarm state.
Logic output
The summary alarm can drive an output. The assignment of a digital output / relay to the summary alarm
is done via the settings of the corresponding output.
Reset: The state of the summary alarm - and therefore of the used output - can be reset, even if there is
still an alarm active. So, for example a horn activated via summary alarm can be deactivated. A reset may
be performed via display, via web browser, a digital input or the Modbus interface. The logic output
becomes active again as soon as another monitoring function goes to the alarm state or if the same alarm
becomes active again.
Alarm state display
The digital or relay output assigned to the
summary alarm can be reset by means of the
<OK> key. So the active alarming will be
stopped. But the alarm state of the summary
alarm remains active until the alarm state no
longer exists.
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7.7 Data recording
The optional data logger provides long-term recordings of measurement progressions and events. The
recording is performed in endless mode (oldest data will be deleted, as soon as the associated memory is
full). Depending on the version ordered, the following data groups are available:
Group
Periodical data
Data type
Request
• Mean-values versus time
• Mean value logger
• Periodical meter readings
• Meter logger
Energy
In Form of a logbook with time information:
• Event list: Every state transition of monitoring
functions or limit values, classified as event
Events
• Operator list: The occurrence of system events, such
as configuration changes, power failures or reset
operations and much more
7.7.1
• Event and alarm list
• Alarm list: Every state transition of monitoring
functions or limit values, classified as alarm
Events
• Operator list
Periodical data
Configuration of the periodical data recording
The recording of all configured mean-values and meters is started automatically. The recording of the
mean-values is done every when the appropriate averaging interval expires. For meters the reading
interval can be configured, individually for standard and user-defined meters.
Displaying the chronology of the mean values
The chronology of the mean values is available via the menu Energy and is divided in two groups:
• Pre-defined power mean values
• User-defined mean values
Selection of the mean values group
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The selection of the mean-value quantity to
display can be performed via choosing the
corresponding register. Three different kind of
displays are supported:
• Daily profile: Hourly mean-values will be
shown, independently of the real averaging
time
• Weekly profile
• Table: Listing of all acquired mean-values in
the sequence of the real averaging interval
The graphical representation allows to compare
directly the values of the previous day resp.
week.
By selecting the bars you may read the
associated values:
• Mean-value
• Min. RMS value within the interval
• Max. RMS value within the interval
Weekly display
Weekly display: Reading
Mean values in table format
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Displaying the chronology of meter contents
The chronology of meters is available via the menu Energy and is divided in two groups:
• Pre-defined meters
• User-defined meters
From the difference of two successive meter readings the energy consumption for the dedicated time
range can be determined.
Selection of the meter logger group
Meter content readings in table form
Displaying data locally
The selection works in principle in the same way as with the WEB-GUI. There are the following
differences:
• The individual measured quantities are arranged in a display matrix and can be selected via navigation.
• The number of displayable meter readings is limited to 25
• The time range of the mean values is limited to the present day resp. the present week. There is no
possibility for navigation.
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Data export as CSV file
Via
the time range of the data to export can be selected. A
CSV (Comma separated value) file will be generated. This can be
imported als a text file to Excel, with comma as a separator.
The same file contains data for all quantities of the respective
group.
7.7.2
Events
Configuration of events
For all monitoring functions and limit values for which state transitions need to be recorded, the parameter
“list entry” must be set to either events or alarms.
Displaying of event entries
Event lists are a kind of loogbook. The occurrence of monitored events is recorded in the appropriate list
with the time of its occurrence. There are the following lists:
• Alarm list
• Event list
• Operator list
Example of an operator list
Displaying data locally
The selection works in principle in the same way as with the WEB-GUI. There is the following difference:
• The number of displayable events is limited to 25
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
40/73
7.7.3 Micro SD card
Devices with data logger are supplied with a micro SD-Card, which provides long recording times.
Activity
The red LED located next to the SD card signalizes the logger activity. When data is written to the SD
card the LED becomes shortly dark.
Exchanging the card
For exchanging the SD card the removal key needs to be pressed. Once the LED becomes green the
card is logged off and can be removed. To remove the card, press it slightly into the device to release the
locking mechanism: The card is pushed out of the device.
If the SD card is not removed within 20s the exchanging procedure is cancelled and the card will be
mounted to the system again.
Data cannot be temporarily stored in the device. If there is no SD card in the device no recordings can be
done.
Data stored on the SD card can be accessed only as long as the card is
in the device. Stored data may be read and analyzed via the webpage
of the device or in reduced manner via display only. The content of the
SD card cannot be read using a Windows PC.
Thus before removing the SD card from the device, all data need to be
read via Ethernet interface.
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
41/73
7.8 Timeouts
The device is designed to display measurements. So, any other procedure will be terminated after a
certain time without user interaction and the last active measurement image will be shown again.
Menu timeout
A menu timeout takes effect after 2 min. without changing the present menu selection. It doesn’t matter if
the currently displayed menu is the main menu or a sub-menu: The menu is closed and the last active
measurement image is displayed again.
Configuration timeout
After 5 min. without interaction in a parameter selection or during entering a value in the settings menu,
the active configuration step is closed and the associated parameter remains unchanged. The follow-up
procedure depends on what you have done before:
• If the user did not change configuration parameters before the aborted step, the main menu will be
displayed and the device starts to monitor a possible menu timeout.
• If the user changed configuration parameters before the aborted step, the query “Store configuration
changes?” is shown. If the user does not answer this query within 2 min. this dialogue is closed: The
changed configuration will be stored and activated and then the last active measurement image is
displayed again.
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
42/73
8. Service, maintenance and disposal
8.1 Calibration and new adjustment
Each device is adjusted and checked before delivery. The condition as supplied to the customer is
measured and stored in electronic form.
The uncertainty of measurement devices may be altered during normal operation if, for example, the
specified ambient conditions are not met. If desired, in our factory a calibration can be performed,
including a new adjustment if necessary, to assure the accuracy of the device.
8.2 Cleaning
The display and the operating keys should be cleaned in regular intervals. Use a dry or slightly moist cloth
for this.
Damage due to detergents
Detergents may not only affect the clearness of the display but also can damage the device.
Therefore, do not use detergents.
8.3 Battery
The device contains a battery for buffering the internal clock. It cannot be changed by the user. The
replacement can be done at the factory only.
8.4 Disposal
The product must be disposed in compliance with local regulations. This particularly applies to the built-in
battery.
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
43/73
9. Technical data
Inputs
Nominal current:
Measurement category:
Consumption:
Overload capacity:
adjustable 1...5 A; max. 7.5 A (sinusoidal)
CAT III (300V)
2
≤ I x 0.01 Ω per phase
10 A continuous
100 A, 5 x 1 s, interval 300 s
Nominal voltage:
Measurement category:
Consumption:
Impedance:
Overload capacity:
57.7…400 VLN, 100...693 VLL; max. 480 VLN, 832 VLL (sinusoidal)
CAT III (600V)
2
≤ U / 1.54 MΩ per phase
1.54 MΩ per phase
480 VLN, 832 VLL continuous
800 VLN, 1386 VLL, 10 x 1 s, interval 10s
Systems:
Single phase
Split phase (2-phase system)
3-wire, balanced load
3-wire, unbalanced load
3-wire, unbalanced load, Aron connection
4-wire, balanced load
4-wire, unbalanced load
4-wire, unbalanced load, Open-Y
Nominal frequency:
Sampling rate:
42...50...58Hz or 50.5...60...69.5Hz, configurable
18 kHz
Measurement uncertainty
Reference conditions:
Voltage, current:
Neutral current:
Power:
Power factor:
Frequency:
Imbalance U, I:
Harmonics:
THD U, I:
Active energy:
Reactive energy:
Acc. IEC/EN 60688, ambient 15…30°C,
sinusoidal input signals (form factor 1.1107), no fixed frequency for sampling,
measurement time 200ms (10 cycles at 50Hz, 12 cycles at 60Hz)
1) 2)
± 0.2%
1)
± 0.5%
1) 2)
± 0.5%
± 0.2°
± 0.01 Hz
± 0.5%
± 0.5%
± 0.5%
Class 1, EN 62053-22
Class 1, EN 62053-24
Measurement with fixed system frequency:
General
± Basic uncertainty x (Fconfig–Factual) [Hz] x 10
Imbalance U
± 2% up to ± 0.5 Hz
Harmonics
± 2% up to ± 0.5 Hz
THD, TDD
± 3.0% up to ± 0.5 Hz
1)
2)
Related to the nominal value of the basic quantity
Additional uncertainty if neutral wire not connected (3-wire connections)
• Voltage, power: 0.1% of measured value; load factor: 0.1°
• Energy: Voltage influence x 2, angle influence x 2
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
44/73
Zero suppression, range limitations
The measurement of specific quantities is related to a pre-condition which must be fulfilled, that the
corresponding value can be determined and sent via interface or displayed. If this condition is not fulfilled,
a default value is used for the measurement.
Quantity
Condition
Voltage
Ux < 1% Uxnom
0.00
Current
Ix < 0,1% Ixnom
0.00
PF
Sx < 1% Sxnom
1.00
QF, LF, tanφ
Sx < 1% Sxnom
0.00
Frequency
voltage and/or current input too low
Voltage unbalance
Ux < 5% Uxnom
0.00
Current unbalance
mean value of phase currents < 5% Ixnom
0.00
Phase angle U
at least one voltage Ux < 5% Uxnom
120°
Harmonics U, THD-U
fundamental < 5% Uxnom
0.00
1)
Default
1)
Nominal frequency
Specific levels depend on the device configuration
Power supply
via terminals 13-14
Measurement category: CAT III (300V)
Nominal voltage:
(see nameplate)
V1: 110…230V AC 50/60Hz / 130…230V DC ±15% or
V2: 24...48V DC ±15% or
V3: 110…200V AC 50/60Hz / 110…200V DC ±15%
Consumption:
PM 1000087 000 07
depends on the device hardware used
≤ 20 VA, ≤ 12 W
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
45/73
I/O interface
Available inputs and outputs
Basic unit
- 1 digital input
- 2 digital outputs
I/O extensions
Optional modules:
- 2 relay outputs with changeover contacts OR
- 2 bipolar analog outputs OR
- 4 bipolar analog outputs OR
- 4 passive digital inputs OR
- 4 active digital inputs
Up to 4 I/O extensions may be present in the device. Only one module can be equipped with analog outputs.
Analog outputs
Linearization:
Range:
Uncertainty:
Burden:
Burden influence:
Residual ripple:
Response time:
via plug-in terminals
Linear, kinked
± 20 mA (24 mA max.), bipolar
± 0.2% of 20 mA
≤ 500 Ω (max. 10 V / 20 mA)
≤ 0.2%
≤ 0.4%
220…420 ms
Relays
Contact:
Load capacity:
via plug-in terminals
changeover contact
250 V AC, 2 A, 500 VA
30 V DC, 2 A, 60 W
Passive digital inputs
Nominal voltage
Input current
Logical ZERO
Logical ONE
Minimum pulse width
via plug-in terminals
12 / 24 V DC (30 V max.)
< 7mA
- 3 up to + 5 V
8 up to 30 V
70…250ms
Active digital inputs
Open circuit voltage
Short circuit current
Current at RON=800Ω
Minimum pulse width
via plug-in terminals
≤ 15V
< 15mA
≥ 2 mA
70…250ms
Digital outputs
Nominal voltage
Nominal current
Load capability
via plug-in terminals
12 / 24 V DC (30 V max.)
50 mA (60 mA max.)
400 Ω … 1 MΩ
Interface
Ethernet
Protocol:
Physics:
Mode:
via RJ45 connector
Modbus/TCP, NTP, http
Ethernet 100BaseTX
10/100 Mbit/s, full/half duplex, auto-negotiation
Modbus/RTU
Protocol:
Physics:
Baud rate:
Number of participants:
via plug-in terminal (A, B, C/X)
Modbus/RTU
RS-485, max. 1200m (4000 ft)
9'600, 19'200, 38'400, 57'600, 115'200 Baud
≤ 32
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
46/73
Internal clock (RTC)
Uncertainty:
Synchronization:
Running reserve:
± 2 minutes / month (15 up to 30°C)
via Ethernet (NTP protocol)
> 10 years
Ambient conditions, general information
Operating temperature:
–10 up to 15 up to 30 up to + 55°C
Storage temperature:
–25 up to + 70°C
Temperature influence:
0.5 x measurement uncertainty per 10 K
Long term drift:
0.5 x measurement uncertainty per year
Others:
Usage group II (EN 60 688)
Relative humidity:
< 95% no condensation
Altitude:
≤ 2000 m max.
Device to be used indoor only!
Mechanical attributes
Orientation:
Housing material:
Flammability class:
Weight:
Dimensions:
Any
Polycarbonate (Makrolon)
V-0 acc. UL94, non-dripping, free of halogen
800 g
Dimensional drawings
Vibration withstand (test according to DIN EN 60 068-2-6)
Acceleration:
Frequency range:
Number of cycles:
PM 1000087 000 07
± 0.25 g (operating); 1.20 g (storage)
10 … 150 … 10 Hz, rate of frequency sweep: 1 octave/minute
10 in each of the 3 axes
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
47/73
Safety
The current inputs are galvanically isolated from each other
Protection class:
II (protective insulation, voltage inputs via protective impedance)
Pollution degree:
2
Protection:
IP54 (front), IP30 (housing), IP20 (terminals)
Measurement category:
CAT III
Rated voltage
(versus earth):
Power supply V1: 110…230V AC / 130…230V DC ±15%
Power supply V2: 24...48V DC ±15%
Power supply V3: 110…200V AC / 110…200V DC ±15%
Relay: 250 V AC (CAT III)
I/O’s: 24 V DC
Test voltages:
Test time 60s, acc. IEC/EN 61010-1 (2011)
•
•
•
•
•
1)
power supply versus inputs U :
power supply versus inputs I:
power supply V1, V3 versus bus, I/O’s:
power supply V2 versus bus, I/O’s:
inputs U versus inputs I:
1)
• inputs U versus bus, I/O’s :
• inputs I versus bus, I/O’s:
• inputs I versus inputs I:
1)
3600V AC
3000V AC
3000V AC
880V DC
1800V AC
3600V AC
3000V AC
1500V AC
During type test only, with all protective impedances removed
The device uses the principle of protective impedance for the voltage inputs
to ensure protection against electric shock. All circuits of the device are
tested during final inspection.
Prior to performing high voltage or isolation tests involving the voltage
inputs, all output connections of the device, especially analog outputs, digital
and relay outputs as well as the Modbus and Ethernet interface, must be
removed. A possible high-voltage test between input and output circuits must
be limited to 500V DC, otherwise electronic components can be damaged.
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
48/73
Applied regulations, standards and directives
IEC/EN 61 010-1
Safety regulations for electrical measuring, control and laboratory equipment
IEC/EN 61000-4-7
General guide on harmonics and interharmonics measurements
IEC/EN 60688
Electrical measuring transducers for converting AC electrical variables into analog or
digital signals
DIN 40110
AC quantities
IEC/EN 60068-2-1/
Ambient tests
-2/-3/-6/-27:
IEC/EN 61000-6-2
61000-6-4
-1 Cold, -2 Dry heat, -3 Damp heat, -6 Vibration, -27 Shock
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
Generic standards for industrial environment
IEC/EN 61131-2
Programmable controllers - equipment, requirements and tests
(digital inputs/outputs 12/24V DC)
IEC/EN 61326
Electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory use - EMC requirements
IEC/EN 62053-31
Pulse output devices for electromechanical and electronic meters (S0 output)
IEC/EN 60529
Protection type by case
UL94
Tests for flammability of plastic materials for parts in devices and appliances
2011/65/EU (RoHS)
EU directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances
Warning
This is a class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which
case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC:
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-0003.
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
49/73
10. Dimensional drawings
All dimensions in [mm]
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
50/73
Annex
A Description of measured quantities
Used abbreviations
1L
2L
3Lb
3Lu
3Lu.A
4Lb
4Lu
4Lu.O
Single phase system
Split phase; system with 2 phases and center tap
3-wire system with balanced load
3-wire system with unbalanced load
3-wire system with unbalanced load, Aron connection (only 2 currents connected)
4-wire system with balanced load
4-wire system with unbalanced load
4-wire system with unbalanced load, Open-Y (reduced voltage connection)
A1 Basic measurements
The basic measured quantities are calculated each 200ms by determining an average over 10 cycles at 50Hz resp.
12 cycles at 60Hz. If a measurement is available depends on the selected system.
PM 1000087 000 07
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
4Lb
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
4Lu
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
4Lu.O
√
√
√
√
√
√
3Lu.A
√
√
√
3Lu
√
3Lb.P
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
3Lb
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
2L
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
1L
min
Voltage U
Voltage U1N
Voltage U2N
Voltage U3N
Voltage U12
Voltage U23
Voltage U31
Zero displacement voltage UNE
Current I
Current I1
Current I2
Current I3
Neutral current IN
Active power P
Active power P1
Active power P2
Active power P3
Fundamental active power P(H1)
Fundamental active power P1(H1)
Fundamental active power P2(H1)
Fundamental active power P3(H1)
Total reactive power Q
Total reactive power Q1
Total reactive power Q2
Total reactive power Q3
Distortion reactive power D
Distortion reactive power D1
Distortion reactive power D2
Distortion reactive power D3
Fundamental reactive power Q(H1)
Fundamental reactive power Q1(H1)
Fundamental reactive power Q2(H1)
Fundamental reactive power Q3(H1)
max
Measurement
present
Depending on the measured quantity also minimum and maximum values are determined and non-volatile stored with
timestamp. These values may be reset by the user via display, see resetting of measurements.
51/73
3Lu.A
4Lb
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
●
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
●
●
●
●
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
●
●
1)
maximum deviation from the mean value of all voltages (see A3)
2)
maximum deviation from the mean value of all currents (see A3)
●
4Lu
3Lu
√
√
√
4Lu.O
3Lb.P
√
min
3Lb
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
2L
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
1L
Apparent power S
Apparent power S1
Apparent power S2
Apparent power S3
Fundamental apparent power S(H1)
Fundamental apparent power S1(H1)
Fundamental apparent power S2(H1)
Fundamental apparent power S3(H1)
Frequency F
Power factor PF
Power factor PF1
Power factor PF2
Power factor PF3
PF quadrant I
PF quadrant II
PF quadrant III
PF quadrant IV
Reactive power factor QF
Reactive power factor QF1
Reactive power factor QF2
Reactive power factor QF3
Load factor LF
Load factor LF1
Load factor LF2
Load factor LF3
cosφ (H1)
cosφ L1 (H1)
cosφ L2 (H1)
cosφ L3 (H1)
cosφ (H1) quadrant I
cosφ (H1) quadrant II
cosφ (H1) quadrant III
cosφ (H1) quadrant IV
tanφ (H1)
tanφ L1 (H1)
tanφ L2 (H1)
tanφ L3 (H1)
Umean=(U1N+U2N)/2
Umean=(U1N+U2N+U3N)/3
Umean=(U12+U23+U31)/3
Imean=(I1+I2)/2
Imean=(I1+I2+I3)/3
IMS, Average current with sign of P
Phase angle between U1 and U2
Phase angle between U2 and U3
Phase angle between U3 and U1
Angle between U and I
Angle between U1 and I1
Angle between U2 and I2
Angle between U3 and I3
Maximum ΔU <> Um 1)
Maximum ΔI <> Im 2)
max
present
Measurement
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
Available via Modbus/RTU communication interface only
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
52/73
Reactive power
Most of the loads consume a combination of ohmic and inductive current from the power system. Reactive
power arises by means of the inductive load. But the number of non-linear loads, such as RPM regulated
drives, rectifiers, thyristor controlled systems or fluorescent lamps, is increasing. They cause nonsinusoidal AC currents, which may be represented as a sum of harmonics. Thus the reactive power to
transmit increases and leads to higher transmission losses und higher energy costs. This part of the
reactive power is called distortion reactive power.
Normally reactive power is unwanted, because there is no usable active component in it. Because the
transmission of reactive power over long distances is uneconomic, it makes sense to install compensation
systems close to the consumers. So transmission capacities may be used better and losses and voltage
drops by means of harmonic currents can be avoided.
P:
Active power
S:
Apparent power including harmonic
components
S1:
Fundamental apparent power
Q:
Total reactive power
Q(H1): Fundamental reactive power
D:
Distortion reactive power
The reactive power may be divided in a fundamental and a distortion component. Only the fundamental
reactive power may be compensated directly by means of the classical capacitive method. The distortion
components have to be combated using inductors or active harmonic conditioners.
The load factor PF is the relation between active power P and apparent power S, including all possibly
existing harmonic parts. This factor is often called cosφ, which is only partly correct. The PF corresponds
to the cosφ only, if there is no harmonic content present in the system. So the cosφ represents the
relation between the active power P and the fundamental apparent power S(H1).
The tanφ is often used as a target quantity for the capacitive reactive power compensation. It
corresponds to the relation of the fundamental reactive power Q(H1) and the active power P.
Power factors
The power factor PF gives the relation
between active and apparent power. If
there are no harmonics present in the
system, it corresponds to the cosφ. The
PF has a range of -1...0...+1, where the
sign gives the direction of energy flow.
The load factor LF is a quantity derived
from the PF, which allows making a
statement about the load type. Only this
way it's possible to measure a range like
0.5 capacitive ... 1 ... 0.5 inductive in a
non-ambiguous way.
The reactive power factor QF gives the
relation between reactive and apparent
power.
PM 1000087 000 07
Example from the perspective of an energy consumer
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
53/73
Zero displacement voltage UNE
Starting from the generating system with star point E
(which is normally earthed), the star point (N) on load
side is shifted in case of unbalanced load. The zero
displacement voltage between E und N may be
determined by a vectorial addition of the voltage vectors
of the three phases:
UNE = - (U1N + U2N + U3N ) / 3
A displacement voltage may also occur due to
harmonics of order 3, 9, 15, 21 etc., because the
dedicated currents add in the neutral wire.
Earth fault monitoring in IT systems
Via the determination of the zero displacement voltage it's possible to detect a first earth fault in an
unearthed IT system. To do so, the device is configured for measurement in a 4-wire system with
unbalanced load and the neutral connector is connected to earth. In case of a single phase earth fault
there is a resulting zero displacement voltage of ULL/ √3. The alarming may be done e.g. by means of a
relay output.
Transformer, secondary side
Load
Because in case of a fault the voltage triangle formed by the three phases does not change, the voltage
and current measurements as well as the system power values will still be measured and displayed
correctly. Also the meters carry on to work as expected.
The method is suited to detect a fault condition during normal operation. A declination of the isolation
resistance may not be detected this way. This should be measured during a periodical control of the
system using a mobile system.
Another possibility to analyze fault conditions in a grid offers the method of the symmetrical components
as described in A3.
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
54/73
A2 Harmonic analysis
●
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
4Lu
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
4Lu.O
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
4Lb
√
√
3Lu.A
√
√
3Lu
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
3Lb
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
2L
max
THD Voltage U1N/U
THD Voltage U2N
THD Voltage U3N
THD Voltage U12
THD Voltage U23
THD Voltage U31
THD Current I1/I
THD Current I2
THD Current I3
TDD Current I1/I
TDD Current I2
TDD Current I3
Harmonic contents 2nd...50th U1N/U
Harmonic contents 2nd...50th U2N
Harmonic contents 2nd...50th U3N
Harmonic contents 2nd...50th U12
Harmonic contents 2nd...50th U23
Harmonic contents 2nd...50th U31
Harmonic contents 2nd...50th I1/I
Harmonic contents 2nd...50th I2
Harmonic contents 2nd...50th I3
1L
Measurement
prese
The harmonic analysis is performed according IEC 61000-4-7 over 10 cycles at 50Hz resp. 12 cycles at
60Hz. If a measured quantity is available depends on the selected system.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
Harmonic contents are available
up to the 89th (50Hz) or 75th
(60Hz) on the Modbus interface
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
Available via Modbus/RTU communication interface only
Harmonics
Harmonics are multiples of the fundamental resp. system frequency. They arise if non-linear loads, such
as RPM regulated drives, rectifiers, thyristor controlled systems or fluorescent lamps are present in the
power system. Thus undesired side effects occur, such as additional thermal stress to operational
resources or electrical mains, which lead to an advanced aging or even damage. Also the reliability of
sensitive loads can be affected and unexplainable disturbances may occur. In industrial networks the
image of the harmonics gives good information about the kind of loads connected. See also:
► Increase of reactive power due to harmonic currents
TDD (Total Demand Distortion)
The complete harmonic content of the currents is calculated additionally as Total Demand Distortion,
briefly TDD. This value is scaled to the rated current resp. rated power. Only this way it's possible to
estimate the influence of the current harmonics on the connected equipment correctly.
Maximum values
The maximum values of the harmonic analysis arise from the monitoring of THD and TDD. The maximum
values of individual harmonics are not monitored separately, but are stored if a maximum value of THD or
TDD is detected. The image of the maximum harmonics therefore always corresponds to the dedicated
THD resp. TDD.
The accuracy of the harmonic analysis strongly depends on the quality of the current and voltage
transformers possibly used. In the harmonics range transformers normally change both, the
amplitude and the phase of the signals to measure. It's valid: The higher the frequency of the
harmonic, the higher its damping resp. phase shift.
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
55/73
●
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
●
●
√
4Lu
3Lu.A
√
√
4Lu.O
3Lu
√
√
4Lb
3Lb
●
●
2L
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
1L
UR1: Positive sequence [V]
UR2: Negative sequence [V]
U0: Zero sequence [V]
U: Imbalance UR2/UR1
U: Imbalance U0/UR1
IR1: Positive sequence [A]
IR2: Negative sequence [A]
I0: Zero sequence [A]
I: Imbalance IR2/IR1
I: Imbalance I0/IR1
min
Measured quantity
prese
t
max
A3 System imbalance
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
Available via communication interface only
Imbalance in three-phase systems may occur due to single-phase loads, but also due to failures, such as
e.g. the blowing of a fuse, an earth fault, a phase failure or an isolation defect. Also harmonics of the 3rd,
9th, 15th, 21st etc. order, which add in the neutral wire, may lead to imbalance. Operating resources
dimensioned to rated values, such as three-phase generators, transformers or motors on load side, may
be excessively stressed by imbalance. So a shorter life cycle, a damage or failure due to thermal stress
can result. Therefore monitoring imbalance helps to reduce the costs for maintenance and extends the
undisturbed operating time of the used resources.
Imbalance or unbalanced load relays use different measurement principles. One of them is the approach
of the symmetrical components, the other one calculates the maximum deviation from the mean-value of
the three phase values. The results of these methods are not equal and don't have the same intention.
Both of these principles are implemented in the device.
Symmetrical components (acc. Fortescue)
The imbalance calculation method by means of the symmetrical components is ambitious and intensive to
calculate. The results may be used for disturbance analysis and for protection purposes in three-phase
systems. The real existing system is divided in symmetrical system parts: A positive sequence, a negative
sequence and (for systems with neutral conductor) a zero sequence system. The approach is easiest to
understand for rotating machines. The positive sequence represents a positive rotating field, the negative
sequence a negative (braking) rotating field with opposite sense of direction. Therefore the negative
sequence prevents that the machine can generate the full turning moment. For e.g. generators the
maximum permissible current imbalance is typically limited to a value of 8...12%.
Maximum deviation from the mean value
The calculation of the maximum deviation from the mean value of the phase currents resp. phase
voltages gives the information if a grid or substation is imbalanced loaded. The results are independent of
rated values and the present load situation. So a more symmetrical system can be aspired, e.g. by
changing loads from one phase to another.
Also failure detection is possible. The capacitors used in compensation systems are wear parts, which fail
quite often and then have to be replaced. When using three phase power capacitors all phases will be
compensated equally which leads to almost identical currents flowing through the capacitors, if the system
load is comparable. By monitoring the current imbalance it's then possible to estimate if a capacitor failure
is present.
The maximum deviations are calculated in the same steps as the instantaneous values and therefore are
arranged there (see A1).
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
56/73
Present
Trend
max
min
History
A4 Mean values and trend
10s...60min. 1)
10s...60min. 1)
10s...60min. 1)
10s...60min. 1)
10s...60min. 1)
10s...60min. 2)
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
5
5
5
5
5
1
10s...60min. 2)
●
●
●
●
1
Measured quantity
Active power I+IV
Active power II+III
Reactive power I+II
Reactive power III+IV
Apparent power
Mean value quantity 1
….
Mean value quantity 12
1)
Interval time t1
2)
Interval time t2
The device calculates automatically the mean values of all system power quantities. In addition up to 12
further mean value quantities can be freely selected.
Calculating the mean-values
The mean value calculation is performed via integration of the measured instantaneous values over a
configurable averaging interval. The interval time may be selected in the range from 10 seconds up to one
hour. Possible interim values are set the way that a multiple of it is equal to a minute or an hour. Mean
values of power quantities (interval time t1) and free quantities (interval time t2) may have different
averaging intervals.
Synchronization
For the synchronization of the averaging intervals the internal clock or an external signal via digital input
may be used. In case of an external synchronization the interval should be within the given range of one
second up to one hour. The synchronization is important for making e.g. the mean value of power
quantities on generating and demand side comparable.
Trend
The estimated final value (trend) of mean values is determined by weighted addition of measurements of
the past and the present interval. It serves for early detection of a possible exceeding of a given maximum
value. This can then be avoided, e.g. by switching off an active load.
History
For mean values of system powers the last 5 interval values may be displayed on the device or read via
interface. For configurable quantities the value of the last interval is provided via communication interface.
Bimetal current
3)
4Lu
√
√
√
4Lb
√
√
√
√
√
√
4Lu.O
√
3Lb
2L
1L
●
●
●
●
min
●
●
●
●
3Lu.A
1...60min. 3)
1...60min. 3)
1...60min. 3)
1...60min. 3)
3Lu
Bimetal current IB,
Bimetal current IB1,
Bimetal current IB2,
Bimetal current IB3,
max
Measured quantity
Presen
This measured quantity serves for measuring the long-term effect of the current, e.g. for monitoring the
warming of a current-carrying line. To do so, an exponential function is used, similar to the charging curve
of a capacitor. The response time of the bimetal function can be freely selected, but normally it
corresponds to the interval for determining the power mean-values.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
Interval time t3
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
57/73
1L
2L
3Lb
3Lu
3Lu.A
4Lb
4Lu.O
4Lu
A5 Meters
Active energy I+IV,
high tariff
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Active energy II+III,
high tariff
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Reactive energy I+II,
high tariff
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Reactive energy III+IV,
high tariff
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Active energy I+IV,
low tariff
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Active energy II+III,
low tariff
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Measured quantity
Reactive energy I+II,
low tariff
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Reactive energy III+IV,
low tariff
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
User configured meter 1
User configured meter 2
User configured meter 3
User configured meter 4
User configured meter 5
User configured meter 6
User configured meter 7
Only basic quantities can be selected
which are supported in the present
system.
User configured meter 8
User configured meter 9
User configured meter 10
User configured meter 11
User configured meter 12
Standard meters
The meters for active and reactive energy of the system are always active.
User configured meters
To each of these meters the user can freely assign a basic quantity. For application with short
measurement time, e.g. energy consumption of a working day or shift, the resolution can be adapted.
Programmable meter resolution
For all meters the resolution (displayed unit) can be selected almost freely. This way,
applications with short measurement times, e.g. energy consumption of a working day or
shift, can be realized. The smaller the basic unit is selected, the faster the meter overflow
is reached.
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
58/73
B Display matrices
B0 Used abbreviations for the measurements
Instantaneous values
Name
Measurement identification
U
U
U1N
U
1N
TRMS
V
Voltage between phase L1 and neutral
U2N
U
2N
TRMS
V
Voltage between phase L2 and neutral
U3N
U
3N
TRMS
V
Voltage between phase L3 and neutral
U12
U
12
TRMS
V
Voltage between phases L1 and L2
U23
U
23
TRMS
V
Voltage between phases L2 and L3
U31
U
31
TRMS
V
Voltage between phases L3 and L1
UNE
U
NE
TRMS
V
Zero displacement voltage 4-wire systems
I
I
TRMS
A
Current system
I1
I
1
TRMS
A
Current phase L1
I2
I
2
TRMS
A
Current phase L2
I3
I
3
TRMS
A
Current phase L3
IN
I
N
TRMS
A
Neutral current
P
P
TRMS
W
Active power system (P=P1+P2+P3)
P1
P
1
TRMS
W
Active power phase L1
P2
P
2
TRMS
W
Active power phase L2
P3
P
3
TRMS
W
Active power phase L3
Q
Q
TRMS
var
Reactive power system (Q=Q1+Q2+Q3)
Q1
Q
1
TRMS
var
Reactive power phase L1
Q2
Q
2
TRMS
var
Reactive power phase L2
Q3
Q
3
TRMS
var
Reactive power phase L3
S
S
TRMS
VA
Apparent power system
S1
S
1
TRMS
VA
Apparent power phase L1
S2
S
2
TRMS
VA
Apparent power phase L2
S3
S
3
TRMS
VA
Apparent power phase L3
Hz
TRMS
Unit
Description
V
Voltage system
System frequency
F
F
TRMS
PF
PF
TRMS
Active power factor P/S
PF1
PF
1
TRMS
Active power factor P1/S1
PF2
PF
2
TRMS
Active power factor P2/S2
PF3
PF
3
TRMS
Active power factor P3/S3
QF
QF
TRMS
Reactive power factor Q / S
QF1
QF
1
TRMS
Reactive power factor Q1 / S1
QF2
QF
2
TRMS
Reactive power factor Q2 / S2
QF3
QF
3
TRMS
Reactive power factor Q3 / S3
LF
LF
TRMS
Load factor system
LF1
LF
1
TRMS
Load factor phase L1
LF2
LF
2
TRMS
Load factor phase L2
LF3
LF
3
TRMS
Load factor phase L3
UR1
U
pos
SEQ
V
Positive sequence voltage
UR2
U
neg
SEQ
V
Negative sequence voltage
U0
U
zero
SEQ
V
Zero sequence voltage
IR1
I
pos
SEQ
A
Positive sequence current
IR2
I
neg
SEQ
A
Negative sequence current
I0
I
zero
SEQ
A
Zero sequence current
UR2R1
U
neg/pos
UNB
%
Unbalance factor voltage UR2/UR1
IR2R1
I
neg/pos
UNB
%
Unbalance factor current IR2/IR1
U0R1
U
zero/pos
UNB
%
Unbalance factor voltage U0/UR1
I0R1
I
zero/pos
UNB
%
Unbalance factor current I0/IR1
IMS
I
TRMS
A
Average current with sign of P
PM 1000087 000 07
-
+
ø
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
59/73
Minimum and maximum of instantaneous values
Name
Measurement identification
Unit
Description
U_MM
U
TRMS
V
Minimum and maximum value of U
U1N_MM
U
1N
TRMS
V
Minimum and maximum value of U1N
U2N_MM
U
2N
TRMS
V
Minimum and maximum value of U2N
U3N_MM
U
3N
TRMS
V
Minimum and maximum value of U3N
U12_MM
U
12
TRMS
V
Minimum and maximum value of U12
U23_MM
U
23
TRMS
V
Minimum and maximum value of U23
U31_MM
U
31
TRMS
V
Minimum and maximum value of U31
I_MAX
I
TRMS
A
Maximum value of I
I1_MAX
I
1
TRMS
A
Maximum value of I1
I2_MAX
I
2
TRMS
A
Maximum value of I2
I3_MAX
I
3
TRMS
A
Maximum value of I3
IN_MAX
I
N
TRMS
A
Maximum value of IN
P_MAX
P
TRMS
W
Maximum value of P
P1_MAX
P
1
TRMS
W
Maximum value of P1
P2_MAX
P
2
TRMS
W
Maximum value of P2
P3_MAX
P
3
TRMS
W
Maximum value of P3
Maximum value of Q
Q_MAX
Q
TRMS
var
Q1_MAX
Q
1
TRMS
var
Maximum value of Q1
Q2_MAX
TRMS
var
Maximum value of Q2
TRMS
var
Maximum value of Q3
TRMS
VA
Maximum value of S
Q
2
Q3_MAX
Q
3
S_MAX
S
S1_MAX
S
1
TRMS
VA
Maximum value of S1
S2_MAX
S
2
TRMS
VA
Maximum value of S2
S3_MAX
S
3
TRMS
VA
Maximum value of S3
F_MM
F
TRMS
Hz
Minimum and maximum value of F
UR21_MAX
U
neg/pos
UNB
%
Maximum value of UR2/UR1
IR21_MAX
I
neg/pos
THD_U_MAX
U
UNB
%
Maximum value of IR2/IR1
THD
%
Max. Total Harmonic Distortion of U
THD_U1N_MAX U
1N
THD
%
Max. Total Harmonic Distortion of U1N
THD_U2N_MAX U
2N
THD
%
Max. Total Harmonic Distortion of U2N
THD_U3N_MAX U
3N
THD
%
Max. Total Harmonic Distortion of U3N
THD_U12_MAX
U
12
THD
%
Max. Total Harmonic Distortion of U12
THD_U23_MAX
U
23
THD
%
Max. Total Harmonic Distortion of U23
THD_U31_MAX
U
31
THD
%
Max. Total Harmonic Distortion of U31
TDD_I_MAX
I
TDD
%
Max. Total Demand Distortion of I
TDD_I1_MAX
I
1
TDD
%
Max. Total Demand Distortion of I1
TDD_I2_MAX
I
2
TDD
%
Max. Total Demand Distortion of I2
TDD_I3_MAX
I
3
TDD
%
Max. Total Demand Distortion of I3
TS: Timestamp of occurrence, e.g. 2014/09/17 11:12:03
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
60/73
Mean-values, trend and bimetal current
Name
Measurement identification
Unit
Description
M1
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
(mu)
Mean-value 1
M2
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
(mu)
Mean-value 2
….
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
(mu)
….
M11
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
(mu)
Mean-value 11
M12
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
(mu)
Mean-value 12
TR_M1
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
(mu)
Trend mean-value 1
TR_M2
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
(mu)
Trend mean-value 2
….
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
(mu)
….
TR_M11
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
(mu)
Trend mean-value 11
TR_M12
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
(mu)
Trend mean-value 12
IB
IB
(t3)
A
Bimetal current, system
IB1
IB
1
(t3)
A
Bimetal current, phase L1
IB2
IB
2
(t3)
A
Bimetal current, phase L2
IB3
IB
3
(t3)
A
Bimetal current, phase L3
Minimum and maximum of mean-values and bimetal-current
Name
Measurement identification
Unit
Description
M1_MM
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
..
Min/Max mean-value 1
M2_MM
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
..
Min/Max mean-value 2
….
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
..
….
M11_MM
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
..
Min/Max mean-value 11
M12_MM
(m)
(p)
(q)
(t2)
..
Min/Max mean-value 12
IB_MAX
IB
(t3)
A
Maximum bimetal current, system
IB1_MAX
IB
1
(t3)
A
Maximum Bimetal current, phase L1
IB2_MAX
IB
2
(t3)
A
Maximum Bimetal current, phase L2
IB3_MAX
IB
3
(t3)
A
Maximum Bimetal current, phase L3
Unit
Description
Meters
Name
Measurement identification
ΣP_I_IV_HT
P
ΣHT
Wh
Meter P I+IV,
ΣP_II_III_HT
P
ΣHT
Wh
Meter P II+III, high tariff
ΣQ_I_II_HT
Q
ΣHT
varh
Meter Q I+II,
ΣQ_III_IV _HT
Q
ΣHT
varh
Meter Q III+IV, high tariff
ΣP_I_IV_LT
P
ΣLT
Wh
Meter P I+IV,
ΣP_II_III _LT
P
ΣLT
Wh
Meter P II+III, low tariff
ΣQ_I_II _LT
Q
ΣLT
varh
Meter Q I+II,
ΣQ_III_IV_LT
Q
ΣLT
varh
Meter Q III+IV, low tariff
ΣMETER1
(m)
(p)
(qg)
Σ(T)
(mu)
User meter 1, tariff HT or LT
ΣMETER2
(m)
(p)
(qg)
Σ(T)
(mu)
User meter 2, tariff HT or LT
…..
(m)
(p)
(qg)
Σ(T)
(mu)
…..
ΣMETER11
(m)
(p)
(qg)
Σ(T)
(mu)
User meter 11, tariff HT or LT
ΣMETER12
(m)
(p)
(qg)
Σ(T)
(mu)
User meter 12, tariff HT or LT
high tariff
high tariff
low tariff
low tariff
(m): Short description of basic quantity, e.g. „P“
(qg): Graphical quadrant information, e.g.
(p): Phase reference of the selected quantity, e.g. „1 “
(T):
(q): Quadrant information, e.g. „I+IV“
(mu): Unit of basic quantity
PM 1000087 000 07
Associated tariff, e.g. „HT" or „LT“
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
61/73
Graphical measurement displays
Name
Presentation
Description
Graphic of the power triangle consisting of:
• Active, reactive and apparent power Px, Qx, Sx
• Distortion reactive power Dx
Px_TRIANGLE
• Fundamental reactive power Qx(H1)
• cos(φ) of fundamental
• Active power factor PFx
PF_MIN
Cφ_MIN
Graphic: Minimum active power factor PF in all 4 quadrants
(as PF_MIN)
Graphic: Minimum cos(φ) in all 4 quadrants
Graphic mean-value P (I+IV)
Trend, last 5 interval values, minimum and maximum
MT_P_I_IV
MT_P_II_III
(as MT_P_I_IV)
Graphic mean-value P (II+III)
Trend, last 5 interval values, minimum and maximum
MT_Q_I_II
(as MT_P_I_IV)
Graphic mean-value Q (I+II)
Trend, last 5 interval values, minimum and maximum
MT_Q_III_IV
(as MT_P_I_IV)
Graphic mean-value Q (III+IV)
Trend, last 5 interval values, minimum and maximum
MT_S
(as MT_P_I_IV)
Graphic mean-value S:
Trend, last 5 interval values, minimum and maximum
Graphic: Odd harmonics 3rd up to 49th + Total Harmonic Distortion of all
currents
HO_IX
HO_UX
(as HO_IX)
Graphic: Odd harmonics 3rd up to 49th + Total Harmonic Distortion of all
voltages
HE_IX
(as HO_IX)
Graphic: Even harmonics 2nd up to 50th + Total Harmonic Distortion of all
currents
HE_UX
(as HO_IX)
Graphic: Even harmonics 2nd up to 50th + Total Harmonic Distortion of all
voltages
HO_UX_MAX
(as HO_IX)
Graphic: Maximum values odd harmonics 3rd up to 49th + Total Harmonic
Distortion of all voltages
HO_IX_MAX
(as HO_IX)
Graphic: Maximum values odd harmonics 3rd up to 49th + Total Harmonic
Distortion of all currents
HE_UX_MAX
(as HO_IX)
Graphic: Maximum values even harmonics 2nd up to 50th + Total
Harmonic Distortion of all voltages
HE_IX_MAX
(as HO_IX)
Graphic: Maximum values even harmonics 2nd up to 50th + Total
Harmonic Distortion of all currents
PHASOR
PM 1000087 000 07
Graphic: All current and voltage phasors with present load situation
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
62/73
B1 Display matrices for single phase system
Display menu
Corresponding matrix
U
I
P
F
U_MM
I_MAX
P_MAX
F_MM
P
Q
S
PF
P_MAX
Q_MAX
S_MAX
P_TRIANGLE
PF_MIN
Cφ_MIN
ΣP_I_IV_HT
ΣP_I_IV_NT
ΣP_II_III _NT
ΣP_II_III_HT
ΣQ_I_II_HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣQ_III_IV _HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣMETER1
ΣMETER2
ΣMETER3
ΣMETER4
ΣMETER5
ΣMETER6
ΣMETER7
ΣMETER8
ΣMETER9
ΣMETER10
ΣMETER11
ΣMETER12
MT_P_I_IV
M1 / TR_M1
M2 / TR_M2
M3 / TR_M3
M4 / TR_M4
M5 / TR_M5
M6 / TR_M6
M7 / TR_M7
M8 / TR_M8
M9 / TR_M9
M10 / TR_M10
M11 / TR_M11
M12 / TR_M12
MT_P_II_III
MT_Q_I_II
MT_Q_III_IV
MT_S
M1_MM
M2_MM
M3_MM
M4_MM
M5_MM
M6_MM
M7_MM
M8_MM
M9_MM
M10_MM
M11_MM
M12_MM
IB1
IB2
IB1_MAX
IB2_MAX
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
63/73
B2 Display matrices for split-phase (two-phase) systems
Display menu
Corresponding matrix
U1N
U2N
U
F
U1N_MM
U2N_MM
U_MM
F_MM
I1
I2
I1_MAX
I2_MAX
P
Q
S
PF
P1
P2
Q1
Q2
P_MAX / P1_MAX
Q_MAX / P2_MAX
S_MAX / Q1_MAX
/ Q2_MAX
P_TRIANGLE
P1_TRIANGLE
P2_TRIANGLE
PF_MIN
Cφ_MIN
ΣP_I_IV_HT
ΣP_I_IV_NT
ΣP_II_III _NT
ΣP_II_III_HT
ΣQ_I_II_HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣQ_III_IV _HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣMETER1
ΣMETER2
ΣMETER3
ΣMETER4
ΣMETER5
ΣMETER6
ΣMETER7
ΣMETER8
ΣMETER9
ΣMETER10
ΣMETER11
ΣMETER12
MT_P_I_IV
M1 / TR_M1
M2 / TR_M2
M3 / TR_M3
M4 / TR_M4
M5 / TR_M5
M6 / TR_M6
M7 / TR_M7
M8 / TR_M8
M9 / TR_M9
M10 / TR_M10
M11 / TR_M11
M12 / TR_M12
MT_P_II_III
MT_Q_I_II
MT_Q_III_IV
MT_S
M1_MM
M2_MM
M3_MM
M4_MM
M5_MM
M6_MM
M7_MM
M8_MM
M9_MM
M10_MM
M11_MM
M12_MM
IB1
IB2
IB1_MAX
IB2_MAX
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
64/73
B3 Display matrices for 3-wire system, balanced load
Display menu
Corresponding matrix
U12
U23
U31
F
U12_MM
U23_MM
U31_MM
F_MM
UR1
UR2
UR2R1
UR21_MAX
I
I_MAX
P
Q
S
PF
P_MAX
Q_MAX
S_MAX
P_TRIANGLE
PF_MIN
Cφ_MIN
ΣP_I_IV_HT
ΣP_I_IV_NT
ΣP_II_III _NT
ΣP_II_III_HT
ΣQ_I_II_HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣQ_III_IV _HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣMETER1
ΣMETER2
ΣMETER3
ΣMETER4
ΣMETER5
ΣMETER6
ΣMETER7
ΣMETER8
ΣMETER9
ΣMETER10
ΣMETER11
ΣMETER12
MT_P_I_IV
M1 / TR_M1
M2 / TR_M2
M3 / TR_M3
M4 / TR_M4
M5 / TR_M5
M6 / TR_M6
M7 / TR_M7
M8 / TR_M8
M9 / TR_M9
M10 / TR_M10
M11 / TR_M11
M12 / TR_M12
MT_P_II_III
MT_Q_I_II
MT_Q_III_IV
MT_S
M1_MM
M2_MM
M3_MM
M4_MM
M5_MM
M6_MM
M7_MM
M8_MM
M9_MM
M10_MM
M11_MM
M12_MM
IB
IB_MAX
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
65/73
B4 Display matrices for 3-wire systems, unbalanced load
Display menu
Corresponding matrix
U12
U23
U31
F
U12_MM
U23_MM
U31_MM
F_MM
UR1
UR2
UR2R1
UR21_MAX
I1
I2
I3
IMS
I1_MAX
I2_MAX
I3_MAX
IR1
IR2
IR2R1
IR21_MAX
P
Q
S
PF
P_MAX
Q_MAX
S_MAX
P_TRIANGLE
PF_MIN
Cφ_MIN
ΣP_I_IV_HT
ΣP_I_IV_NT
ΣP_II_III _NT
ΣP_II_III_HT
ΣQ_I_II_HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣQ_III_IV _HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣMETER1
ΣMETER2
ΣMETER3
ΣMETER4
ΣMETER5
ΣMETER6
ΣMETER7
ΣMETER8
ΣMETER9
ΣMETER10
ΣMETER11
ΣMETER12
MT_P_I_IV
PM 1000087 000 07
MT_P_II_III
M1 / TR_M1
M2 / TR_M2
M3 / TR_M3
M4 / TR_M4
M5 / TR_M5
M6 / TR_M6
M7 / TR_M7
M8 / TR_M8
M9 / TR_M9
M10 / TR_M10
M11 / TR_M11
M12 / TR_M12
M1_MM
M2_MM
M3_MM
M4_MM
M5_MM
M6_MM
M7_MM
M8_MM
M9_MM
M10_MM
M11_MM
M12_MM
IB1
IB2
IB3
IB1_MAX
IB2_MAX
IB3_MAX
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
MT_Q_I_II
MT_Q_III_IV
MT_S
66/73
B5 Display matrices for 3-wire systems, unbalanced load, Aron
Display menu
Corresponding matrix
U12
U23
U31
F
U12_MM
U23_MM
U31_MM
F_MM
I1
I2
I3
IMS
I1_MAX
I2_MAX
I3_MAX
P
Q
S
PF
P_MAX
Q_MAX
S_MAX
UR1
UR2
UR2R1
UR21_MAX
P_TRIANGLE
PF_MIN
Cφ_MIN
ΣP_I_IV_HT
ΣP_I_IV_NT
ΣP_II_III _NT
ΣP_II_III_HT
ΣQ_I_II_HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣQ_III_IV _HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣMETER1
ΣMETER2
ΣMETER3
ΣMETER4
ΣMETER5
ΣMETER6
ΣMETER7
ΣMETER8
ΣMETER9
ΣMETER10
ΣMETER11
ΣMETER12
MT_P_I_IV
PM 1000087 000 07
MT_P_II_III
M1 / TR_M1
M2 / TR_M2
M3 / TR_M3
M4 / TR_M4
M5 / TR_M5
M6 / TR_M6
M7 / TR_M7
M8 / TR_M8
M9 / TR_M9
M10 / TR_M10
M11 / TR_M11
M12 / TR_M12
M1_MM
M2_MM
M3_MM
M4_MM
M5_MM
M6_MM
M7_MM
M8_MM
M9_MM
M10_MM
M11_MM
M12_MM
IB1
IB2
IB3
IB1_MAX
IB2_MAX
IB3_MAX
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
MT_Q_I_II
MT_Q_III_IV
MT_S
67/73
B6 Display matrices for 4-wire system, balanced load
Display menu
Corresponding matrix
U
I
P
F
U_MM
I_MAX
P_MAX
F_MM
P
Q
S
PF
P_MAX
Q_MAX
S_MAX
P_TRIANGLE
PF_MIN
Cφ_MIN
ΣP_I_IV_HT
ΣP_I_IV_NT
ΣP_II_III _NT
ΣP_II_III_HT
ΣQ_I_II_HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣQ_III_IV _HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣMETER1
ΣMETER2
ΣMETER3
ΣMETER4
ΣMETER5
ΣMETER6
ΣMETER7
ΣMETER8
ΣMETER9
ΣMETER10
ΣMETER11
ΣMETER12
MT_P_I_IV
M1 / TR_M1
M2 / TR_M2
M3 / TR_M3
M4 / TR_M4
M5 / TR_M5
M6 / TR_M6
M7 / TR_M7
M8 / TR_M8
M9 / TR_M9
M10 / TR_M10
M11 / TR_M11
M12 / TR_M12
MT_P_II_III
MT_Q_I_II
MT_Q_III_IV
MT_S
M1_MM
M2_MM
M3_MM
M4_MM
M5_MM
M6_MM
M7_MM
M8_MM
M9_MM
M10_MM
M11_MM
M12_MM
IB
IB_MAX
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
68/73
B7 Display matrices for 4-wire systems, unbalanced load
Display menu
Corresponding matrix
U1N
U2N
U3N
UNE
U12
U23
U31
F
U1N_MM / U12_MM
U2N_MM / U23_MM
U3N_MM / U31_MM
F_MM / UR2_MM
I1
I2
I3
IN
I1_MAX
I2_MAX
I3_MAX
IN_MAX
IR1
IR2
I0
UNB_IR2_IR1
P
Q
S
PF
P1
P2
P3
P
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q
P_TRIANGLE
P1_TRIANGLE
PF_MIN
Cφ_MIN
S1
S2
S3
S
P1_MAX
P2_MAX
P3_MAX
P_MAX
P2_TRIANGLE
UR1
UR2
U0
UNB_UR2_UR1
Q1_MAX
Q2_MAX
Q3_MAX
Q_MAX
S1_MAX
S2_MAX
S3_MAX
S_MAX
P3_TRIANGLE
ΣP_I_IV_HT
ΣP_I_IV_NT
ΣP_II_III _NT
ΣP_II_III_HT
ΣQ_I_II_HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣQ_III_IV _HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣMETER1
ΣMETER2
ΣMETER3
ΣMETER4
ΣMETER5
ΣMETER6
ΣMETER7
ΣMETER8
ΣMETER9
ΣMETER10
ΣMETER11
ΣMETER12
MT_P_I_IV
PM 1000087 000 07
MT_P_II_III
M1 / TR_M1
M2 / TR_M2
M3 / TR_M3
M4 / TR_M4
M5 / TR_M5
M6 / TR_M6
M7 / TR_M7
M8 / TR_M8
M9 / TR_M9
M10 / TR_M10
M11 / TR_M11
M12 / TR_M12
M1_MM
M2_MM
M3_MM
M4_MM
M5_MM
M6_MM
M7_MM
M8_MM
M9_MM
M10_MM
M11_MM
M12_MM
IB1
IB2
IB3
IB1_MAX
IB2_MAX
IB3_MAX
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
MT_Q_I_II
MT_Q_III_IV
MT_S
69/73
B8 Display matrices for 4-wire system, unbalanced load, Open-Y
Display menu
Corresponding matrix
U1N
U2N
U3N
F
U12
U23
U31
F
U1N_MM / U12_MM
U2N_MM / U23_MM
U3N_MM / U31_MM
F_MM
/
--
I1
I2
I3
IN
I1_MAX
I2_MAX
I3_MAX
IN_MAX
IR1
IR2
I0
UNB_IR2_IR1
P
Q
S
PF
P1
P2
P3
P
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q
P_TRIANGLE
P1_TRIANGLE
PF_MIN
Cφ_MIN
S1
S2
S3
S
P1_MAX
P2_MAX
P3_MAX
P_MAX
P2_TRIANGLE
Q1_MAX
Q2_MAX
Q3_MAX
Q_MAX
S1_MAX
S2_MAX
S3_MAX
S_MAX
P3_TRIANGLE
ΣP_I_IV_HT
ΣP_I_IV_NT
ΣP_II_III _NT
ΣP_II_III_HT
ΣQ_I_II_HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣQ_III_IV _HT
ΣQ_I_II _NT
ΣMETER1
ΣMETER2
ΣMETER3
ΣMETER4
ΣMETER5
ΣMETER6
ΣMETER7
ΣMETER8
ΣMETER9
ΣMETER10
ΣMETER11
ΣMETER12
MT_P_I_IV
PM 1000087 000 07
MT_P_II_III
M1 / TR_M1
M2 / TR_M2
M3 / TR_M3
M4 / TR_M4
M5 / TR_M5
M6 / TR_M6
M7 / TR_M7
M8 / TR_M8
M9 / TR_M9
M10 / TR_M10
M11 / TR_M11
M12 / TR_M12
M1_MM
M2_MM
M3_MM
M4_MM
M5_MM
M6_MM
M7_MM
M8_MM
M9_MM
M10_MM
M11_MM
M12_MM
IB1
IB2
IB3
IB1_MAX
IB2_MAX
IB3_MAX
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
MT_Q_I_II
MT_Q_III_IV
MT_S
70/73
C Logic functions
The principal function of the logical gates is given in the following table, for simplicity shown for gates with
two inputs only.
function
older symbols
symbol
ANSI 91-1984
DIN 40700 (alt)
truth table
A
0
0
1
1
A
0
0
1
1
A
0
0
1
1
A
0
0
1
1
AND
NAND
OR
NOR
B
0
1
0
1
B
0
1
0
1
B
0
1
0
1
B
0
1
0
1
Y
0
0
0
1
Y
1
1
1
0
Y
0
1
1
1
Y
1
0
0
0
plain text
Function is true if all input
conditions are fulfilled
Function is true if at least
one of the input
conditions is not fulfilled
Function is true if at least
one of the input
conditions is fulfilled
Function is true if none of
the input conditions is
fulfilled
Using DIRECT or INVERT the input is directly connected to the output of a monitoring function, without
need for a logical combination. For these functions only one input is used.
DIRECT
A
INVERT
A
PM 1000087 000 07
=1
Y
A
0
1
Y
0
1
The monitoring function is reduced to one input only. The state of
the output corresponds to the input.
Y
A
0
1
Y
1
0
The monitoring function is reduced to one input only. The state of
the output corresponds to the inverted input.
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
71/73
D FCC statement
The following statement applies to the products covered in this manual, unless otherwise specified herein.
The statement for other products will appear in the accompanying documentation.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules and meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing
Equipment Standard ICES-003 for digital apparatus. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will
not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/T.V. technician for help.
Camille Bauer AG is not responsible for any radio television interference caused by unauthorized
modifications of this equipment or the substitution or attachment of connecting cables and equipment
other than those specified by Camille Bauer AG. The correction of interference caused by such
unauthorized modification, substitution or attachment will be the responsibility of the user.
PM 1000087 000 07
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
72/73
INDEX
A
M
Alarming ........................................................................34
Measured quantities ......................................................51
Basic measurements ................................................51
Bimetal current .........................................................57
earth fault monitoring ................................................54
harmonic analysis .....................................................55
Load factors..............................................................53
mean values and trend .............................................57
meters ......................................................................58
system imbalance .....................................................56
zero displacement voltage ........................................54
Measurement displays ..................................................29
Measurements
reset .........................................................................31
Mechanical mounting ......................................................7
Menu operation .............................................................28
Mounting .........................................................................7
C
Commissioning..............................................................22
Configuration
menu ........................................................................31
cosφ ..............................................................................52
D
Demounting .....................................................................7
Device overview ..............................................................6
Dimensional drawing .....................................................50
Display matrices ............................................................59
Driving a counter mechanism ........................................20
E
Electrical connections
analog outputs ..........................................................21
Aron connection........................................................15
cross sections .............................................................9
digital input ...............................................................19
digital output .............................................................20
I/O extensions.............................................................9
inputs ........................................................................10
Modbus interface ......................................................21
Open-Y .....................................................................17
power supply ............................................................19
relays ........................................................................19
split phase ................................................................18
Ethernet installation.......................................................24
F
FCC statement ..............................................................72
Firewall ..........................................................................26
I
I, II, III, IV .......................................................................30
Installation check ...........................................................23
L
Logic components
AND ..........................................................................71
DIRECT ....................................................................71
INVERT ....................................................................71
NAND .......................................................................71
NOR .........................................................................71
OR ............................................................................71
Logic functions ..............................................................71
PM 1000087 000 07
N
NTP ...............................................................................25
O
Operating elements .......................................................28
R
Reactive power .............................................................53
Resetting measurements ..............................................31
Roman numbers............................................................30
S
Safety notes ....................................................................6
Scope of supply...............................................................5
SD card
Exchange .................................................................41
LED ..........................................................................41
SD-Card ........................................................................41
Service and maintenance ..............................................43
Software
Sicherheitssystem ....................................................27
Summary alarm .............................................................36
Symbols ........................................................................30
Symmetrical components ..............................................56
T
Technical data ...............................................................44
Time synchronization ....................................................25
Z
Zero suppression ..........................................................45
Device handbook SINEAX AM2000
73/73
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