WAP5605
Wireless N Media Streaming Box
Default Login Details
IP Address
AP: 192.168.1.2
Client: 192.168.1.10
Password
Firmware Version 1.00
Edition 1, 04/2012
1234
IMPORTANT!
READ CAREFULLY
BEFORE USE.
KEEP THIS GUIDE
FOR FUTURE
REFERENCE.
www.zyxel.com
www.zyxel.com
Copyright © 2012
ZyXEL Communications Corporation
IMPORTANT!
READ CAREFULLY BEFORE USE.
KEEP THIS GUIDE FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
Graphics in this book may differ slightly from the product due to differences in operating systems,
operating system versions, or if you installed updated firmware/software for your device. Every
effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate.
Related Documentation
• Quick Start Guide
The Quick Start Guide is designed to help you get up and running right away. It contains
information on setting up your network and configuring for Internet access.
2
WAP3205 User’s Guide
Contents Overview
Contents Overview
User’s Guide .........................................................................................................................................9
Getting to Know Your WAP5605 ............................................................................................................. 11
WAP5605 Modes ....................................................................................................................................19
Easy Mode ..............................................................................................................................................21
Access Point Mode .................................................................................................................................29
Client Mode .............................................................................................................................................35
The Web Configurator .............................................................................................................................47
Tutorials ..................................................................................................................................................53
Technical Reference ..........................................................................................................................67
Monitor ....................................................................................................................................................69
Wireless LAN ..........................................................................................................................................73
LAN .........................................................................................................................................................87
Maintenance ............................................................................................................................................91
Troubleshooting ......................................................................................................................................99
WAP5605 User’s Guide
3
Contents Overview
4
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Contents Overview ..............................................................................................................................3
Table of Contents .................................................................................................................................5
Part I: User’s Guide ........................................................................................... 9
Chapter 1
Getting to Know Your WAP5605 ........................................................................................................ 11
1.1 Overview
......................................................................................................................................... 11
1.2 Applications ...................................................................................................................................... 11
1.3 Ways to Manage the WAP5605 ........................................................................................................12
1.4 Good Habits for Managing the WAP5605 .........................................................................................12
1.5 Resetting the WAP5605 ....................................................................................................................13
1.5.1 Procedure to Use the Reset Button .........................................................................................13
1.6 The WPS Button ...............................................................................................................................13
1.7 LEDs .................................................................................................................................................14
1.8 Desktop Installation ...........................................................................................................................16
1.9 Wall-mounting Instructions ................................................................................................................17
Chapter 2
WAP5605 Modes .................................................................................................................................19
2.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................19
2.1.1 Web Configurator Modes .........................................................................................................19
2.1.2 Device Operating Modes .........................................................................................................19
Chapter 3
Easy Mode ...........................................................................................................................................21
3.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................21
3.2 What You Can Do .............................................................................................................................22
3.3 What You Need to Know ...................................................................................................................22
3.4 Navigation Panel ...............................................................................................................................23
3.5 Network Map .....................................................................................................................................23
3.6 Control Panel ....................................................................................................................................24
3.6.1 Wireless Security .....................................................................................................................25
3.6.2 WPS ........................................................................................................................................27
3.7 Status Screen in Easy Mode .............................................................................................................28
WAP5605 User’s Guide
5
Table of Contents
Chapter 4
Access Point Mode.............................................................................................................................29
4.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................29
4.2 What You Can Do .............................................................................................................................29
4.3 What You Need to Know ...................................................................................................................30
4.3.1 Setting your WAP5605 to AP Mode .........................................................................................30
4.3.2 Configuring your WLAN, LAN and Maintenance Settings .......................................................30
4.4 AP Mode Status Screen ....................................................................................................................31
4.4.1 Navigation Panel .....................................................................................................................33
Chapter 5
Client Mode .........................................................................................................................................35
5.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................35
5.2 What You Can Do .............................................................................................................................35
5.3 What You Need to Know ...................................................................................................................35
5.4 Setting your WAP5605 to Client Mode ..............................................................................................36
5.5 Client Mode Status Screen ................................................................................................................37
5.6 Wireless LAN Profile Screen .............................................................................................................39
5.6.1 Adding a New WLAN Profile ....................................................................................................40
5.7 Site Survey Screen ...........................................................................................................................44
5.8 WPS Screen ......................................................................................................................................45
5.9 LED Link Quality Screen ...................................................................................................................46
Chapter 6
The Web Configurator ........................................................................................................................47
6.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................47
6.2 Accessing the Web Configurator ......................................................................................................47
6.2.1 Login Screen ...........................................................................................................................48
6.2.2 Password Screen ....................................................................................................................49
6.2.3 Home Screen ...........................................................................................................................49
Chapter 7
Tutorials ...............................................................................................................................................53
7.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................53
7.2 Connecting to the Internet from an Access Point ..............................................................................53
7.3 Configuring Wireless Security Using WPS ........................................................................................53
7.3.1 Push Button Configuration (PBC) ............................................................................................54
7.3.2 PIN Configuration ....................................................................................................................55
7.4 Enabling and Configuring Wireless Security (No WPS) ....................................................................57
7.4.1 Configuring Your Wireless Client .............................................................................................59
7.5 Using Multiple SSIDs on the WAP5605 ............................................................................................59
7.5.1 Configuring Security Settings of Multiple SSIDs ......................................................................60
7.6 Connecting the WAP5605 (in Client Mode) to an AP ........................................................................62
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Table of Contents
7.6.1 Connecting to a Wireless Network Using Site Survey .............................................................63
7.6.2 Connecting to a Wireless Network Using a Profile ..................................................................64
7.6.3 Deploying the WAP5605 in your Network ................................................................................65
Part II: Technical Reference............................................................................ 67
Chapter 8
Monitor.................................................................................................................................................69
8.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................69
8.2 What You Can Do .............................................................................................................................69
8.3 View Log ...........................................................................................................................................69
8.4 Log Settings .....................................................................................................................................70
8.5 Packet Statistics ..............................................................................................................................71
8.6 WLAN Station Status ........................................................................................................................72
Chapter 9
Wireless LAN.......................................................................................................................................73
9.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................73
9.2 What You Can Do .............................................................................................................................73
9.3 What You Should Know ....................................................................................................................74
9.3.1 Wireless Security Overview .....................................................................................................74
9.4 General Wireless LAN Screen
...................................................................................................76
9.5 Wireless Security Screen .................................................................................................................77
9.5.1 No Security ..............................................................................................................................77
9.5.2 WEP Encryption ......................................................................................................................78
9.5.3 WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK .............................................................................................................79
9.6 MAC Filter ........................................................................................................................................80
9.7 Wireless LAN Advanced Screen ......................................................................................................81
9.8 Quality of Service (QoS) Screen ......................................................................................................82
9.9 WPS Screen .....................................................................................................................................83
9.10 WPS Station Screen .......................................................................................................................84
9.11 Scheduling Screen .........................................................................................................................85
Chapter 10
LAN ......................................................................................................................................................87
10.1 Overview .........................................................................................................................................87
10.2 What You Can Do ...........................................................................................................................87
10.3 What You Need To Know ................................................................................................................88
10.3.1 LAN TCP/IP ...........................................................................................................................88
10.3.2 IP Alias ..................................................................................................................................88
10.4 LAN IP Screen ...............................................................................................................................89
WAP5605 User’s Guide
7
Table of Contents
10.5 IP Alias Screen ...............................................................................................................................90
Chapter 11
Maintenance ........................................................................................................................................91
11.1 Overview .........................................................................................................................................91
11.2 What You Can Do ............................................................................................................................91
11.3 General Screen
............................................................................................................................91
11.4 Password Screen ...........................................................................................................................92
11.5 Time Setting Screen .......................................................................................................................93
11.6 Firmware Upgrade Screen .............................................................................................................94
11.7 Configuration Backup/Restore Screen ...........................................................................................96
11.8 Reset/Restart Screen .....................................................................................................................97
Chapter 12
Troubleshooting..................................................................................................................................99
12.1 Power, Hardware Connections, and LEDs ......................................................................................99
12.2 WAP5605 Access and Login .........................................................................................................100
12.3 Internet Access .............................................................................................................................101
12.4 Resetting the WAP5605 to Its Factory Defaults ............................................................................102
Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions..................................................105
Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting....................................................................................... 117
Appendix C Setting Up Your Computer’s IP Address ......................................................................127
Appendix D Wireless LANs..............................................................................................................155
Appendix E Common Services ........................................................................................................169
Appendix F Legal Information..........................................................................................................173
Index ..................................................................................................................................................179
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WAP5605 User’s Guide
P ART I
User’s Guide
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C HAPT ER
1
Getting to Know Your WAP5605
1.1 Overview
This chapter introduces the main features and applications of the WAP5605.
The WAP5605 extends the range of your existing wired network without additional wiring, providing
easy network access to mobile users. You can set up a wireless network with other IEEE 802.11a/n
wireless devices using the 5 GHz frequency bands. The WAP5605 can serve as either an access
point (AP) or a wireless client. At the time of writing, the WAP5605 can only wirelessly
communicate with other WAP5605s.
With data rates of up to 300 Mbps, you can enjoy a breathtaking high-speed connection at home or
in the office. It is an excellent solution for daily activities such as file transfers, music downloading,
video streaming and online gaming.
1.2 Applications
The WAP5605 can be configured to use the following operating modes:
• AP. Use the switch on the side panel to set the WAP5605 to work in AP mode (AP). You can
connect to a broadband modem/router for Internet access and/or connect network devices via
the Ethernet ports of the WAP5605 in AP mode so that they can communicate with each other
and access the Internet. Wireless clients can connect to the WAP5605 in AP mode to access
network resources.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
11
Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP5605
• Client. Use the switch on the side panel to set the WAP5605 to work in client mode (CL). The
WAP5605 in client mode can access the Internet through a WAP5605 in AP mode and/or connect
to another WAP5605 in client mode using IEEE 802.11e Direct Link Setup (DLS).
Figure 1 WAP5605 Applications
CL
CL
AP
CL
1.3 Ways to Manage the WAP5605
Use any of the following methods to manage the WAP5605.
• Web Configurator. This is recommended for everyday management of the WAP5605 using a
(supported) web browser.
• WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) button. You can use the WPS button or the WPS section of the Web
Configurator to set up a wireless network with your WAP5605.
1.4 Good Habits for Managing the WAP5605
Do the following things regularly to make the WAP5605 more secure and to manage the WAP5605
more effectively.
• Change the password. Use a password that’s not easy to guess and that consists of different
types of characters, such as numbers and letters.
• Write down the password and put it in a safe place.
• Back up the configuration (and make sure you know how to restore it). Restoring an earlier
working configuration may be useful if the device becomes unstable or even crashes. If you
forget your password, you will have to reset the WAP5605 to its factory default settings. If you
backed up an earlier configuration file, you would not have to totally re-configure the WAP5605.
You could simply restore your last configuration.
12
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP5605
1.5 Resetting the WAP5605
If you forget your password or IP address, or you cannot access the Web Configurator, you will need
to use the RESET button at the back of the WAP5605 to reload the factory-default configuration
file. This means that you will lose all configurations that you had previously saved, the password
will be reset to “1234” and the IP address of the WAP5605 in AP mode will be reset to
“192.168.1.2” and the IP address of the WAP5605 in client mode will be reset to “192.168.1.10”.
1.5.1 Procedure to Use the Reset Button
1
Make sure the power LED is on.
2
Press the RESET button for longer than 1 second to restart/reboot the WAP5605.
3
Press the RESET button for longer than five seconds to set the WAP5605 back to its factory-default
configurations.
1.6 The WPS Button
You can use the WPS button (
) on the front panel of the WAP5605 to activate WPS in order to
quickly set up a wireless network with strong security.
1
Make sure the POWER LED is on (not blinking).
2
Press the WPS button for more than three seconds and release it. Press the WPS button on another
WPS-enabled device within range of the WAP5605.
Note: You must activate WPS in the WAP5605 that acts as the AP and in another
WAP5605 that acts as the client within two minutes of each other.
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Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP5605
1.7 LEDs
Figure 2 Front Panel
14
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP5605
The following table describes the LEDs and the WPS button.
Table 1 Front Panel LEDs and WPS Button
LED
COLOR
STATUS
DESCRIPTION
Quality
Green
On
AP mode: This LED is always on after the system starts up.
Client mode: The WAP5605 is connecting to an AP and the
transmission rate is 65 Mbps or above.
Amber
On
Client mode: The WAP5605 is connecting to an AP and the
transmission rate is between 65 Mbps and 19.5 Mbps.
Red
On
Client mode: The WAP5605 is connecting to an AP and the
transmission rate is below 19.5 Mbps.
Off
AP mode: The WAP5605 is not receiving power.
Client mode: The WAP5605 is not receiving power or not
associating with an AP.
Wireless
LAN 1-2
Power
WPS
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Green
Green
Green
Blue
On
The WAP5605 is ready, but is not sending/receiving data
through the wireless LAN.
Blinking
The WAP5605 is sending/receiving data through the wireless
LAN.
Off
The wireless LAN is not ready or has failed.
On
The WAP5605 has a successful 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet
connection.
Blinking
The WAP5605 is sending/receiving data through the LAN.
Off
The LAN is not connected.
On
The WAP5605 is receiving power and functioning properly.
Off
The WAP5605 is not receiving power.
On
WPS is enabled.
Blinking
(slow)
The WAP5605 is negotiating a WPS connection with a wireless
device.
Blinking
(fast)
The WPS negotiation failed.
Off
The wireless LAN is not ready or has failed.
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Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP5605
1.8 Desktop Installation
Either place the WAP5605 flat on a desk or table or use the stand for a vertical installation. To
attach the stand, line up the arrow on the stand with the arrow on the bottom of the WAP5605 as
shown. Press gently but firmly until the WAP5605 clicks into place.
Figure 3 Stand Installation Example
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WAP5605 User’s Guide
Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP5605
Figure 4
Arrows on the Stand and WAP5605
1.9 Wall-mounting Instructions
Complete the following steps to hang your WAP5605 on a wall.
Table 2 Wall Mounting Information
Distance between holes
5 cm
M4 Screws
Two
1
Select a position free of obstructions on a sturdy wall.
2
Install the stand on the wall. Make sure the screw holes of the stand are on the top and screws are
snugly fastened to the wall. The stand needs to hold the weight of the WAP5605 with the
connection cables.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
17
Chapter 1 Getting to Know Your WAP5605
Be careful to avoid damaging pipes or cables located inside the wall
when installing the stand.
Figure 5 Installing the Stand
3
Hold the WAP5605 with the LEDs facing upward. Align the holes on the back of the WAP5605 with
the tabs on the stand. Attach the WAP5605 to the stand. Press gently but firmly until the WAP5605
clicks into place.
Figure 6 Attaching the WAP5605 to the Stand
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WAP5605 User’s Guide
C HAPT ER
2
WAP5605 Modes
2.1 Overview
This chapter introduces the different modes available on your WAP5605. First, the term “mode”
refers to two things in this User’s Guide.
• Web Configurator mode. This refers to the Web Configurator interface you want to use for
editing WAP5605 features.
• Device mode. This is the operating mode of your WAP5605, or simply how the WAP5605 is
being used in the network.
2.1.1 Web Configurator Modes
This refers to the configuration interface of the Web Configurator, which has two modes:
• Easy. The Web Configurator shows this mode by default. Refer to Chapter 3 on page 21 for more
information on the screens in this mode. This interface may be sufficient for users who just want
to use the device.
• Expert. Advanced users can change to this mode to customize all the functions of the WAP5605.
Click Expert Mode after logging into the Web Configurator. The User’s Guide Chapter 6 on page
47 through Chapter 11 on page 91 discusses the screens in this mode.
2.1.2 Device Operating Modes
This refers to the operating mode of the WAP5605, which can act as a:
• Access Point (AP). Use this mode if you want to extend your network by allowing network
devices to connect to the WAP5605 wirelessly. Go to Section 4.4 on page 31 to view the Status
screen in this mode.
• Client (CL). Use this mode if there is an existing WAP5605 that acts as an AP in your network.
Go to Section 5.5 on page 37 to view the Status screen in this mode. In Client mode, you should
know the SSID and wireless security details of the WAP5605 to which you want to connect.
Note: Choose your device mode carefully to avoid having to change it later.
2.1.2.1 Changing Operating Mode
Push the AP/CL switch on the WAP5605’s side panel to the AP position to have the WAP5605 act
as an access point. Otherwise, push the switch to the CL position to have the WAP5605 work as a
wireless client. The WAP5605 restarts automatically after you change operating modes.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
19
Chapter 2 WAP5605 Modes
Note: When you change the WAP5605 mode from AP mode to client mode, make sure
you use the RESET button to return the IP address of the WAP5605 in client mode
to 192.168.1.10. Otherwise, the client mode IP address will be the same as the
access point mode IP address.
Figure 7 Side Panel
20
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C HAPT ER
3
Easy Mode
3.1 Overview
The Web Configurator is set to Easy Mode by default. You can configure several key features of the
WAP5605 in this mode. This mode is useful to users who are not fully familiar with some features
that are usually intended for network administrators.
When you log in to the Web Configurator, the following screen opens.
Figure 8 Easy Mode: Network Map
Navigation Panel
Network Map
Go to
Status
Screen
Control Panel
WAP5605 User’s Guide
21
Chapter 3 Easy Mode
Click Status to open the following screen.
Figure 9 Easy Mode: Status Screen
Navigation Panel
Go to
Network
Map
Screen
Status Screen
Control Panel
3.2 What You Can Do
You can do the following in this mode:
• Use this Navigation Panel (Section 3.4 on page 23) to opt out of the Easy mode.
• Use the Network Map screen (Section 3.5 on page 23) to check if your WAP5605 can ping the
gateway and whether it is connected to the Internet.
• Use the Control Panel (Section 3.6 on page 24) to configure wireless security.
• Use the Status Screen screen (Section 3.7 on page 28) to view read-only information about the
WAP5605, including the LAN IP, MAC Address of the WAP5605 and the firmware version.
3.3 What You Need to Know
Wireless Security in the control panel is not configurable when the WAP5605 is in client mode.
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WAP5605 User’s Guide
Chapter 3 Easy Mode
3.4 Navigation Panel
Use this navigation panel to opt out of the Easy mode.
Figure 10 Control Panel
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 3 Control Panel
ITEM
DESCRIPTION
Home
Click this to go to the Login page.
Expert Mode
Click this to change to Expert mode and customize features of the
WAP5605.
Logout
Click this to end the Web Configurator session.
3.5 Network Map
Note: The Network MAP is viewable by Windows XP (need to install patch), Windows Vista
and Windows 7 users only. For Windows XP (Service Pack 2) users, you can see the
network devices connected to the WAP5605 by downloading the LLTD (Link Layer
Topology Discovery) patch from the Microsoft Website.
Note: In Windows Vista or Windows 7, you should set your network location to “Home
network” in the Control Panel > Network and Internet > Network and Sharing
Center screen.
Figure 11 Set Network Location to Home Network in Windows Vista or 7
WAP5605 User’s Guide
23
Chapter 3 Easy Mode
Note: Don’t worry if the Network Map does not display in your web browser. This feature
may not be supported by your system. You can still configure the Control Panel
(Section 3.6 on page 24) in the Easy Mode and the WAP5605 features that you
want to use in the Expert Mode.
When you log into the Web Configurator, the Network Map is shown as follows.
Figure 12 Network Map
The line connecting the WAP5605 to the gateway becomes green when the WAP5605 is able to ping
the gateway. It becomes red when the ping initiating from the WAP5605 does not get a response
from the gateway. The same rule applies to the line connecting the gateway to the Internet.
You can also view the devices (represented by icons indicating the kind of network device)
connected to the WAP5605, including those connecting wirelessly. Right-click on the WAP5605 icon
to refresh the network map. Right click on the other icons to view information about the device or
left-click the device icon to access its web configurator or files in the shared folder.
3.6 Control Panel
The features configurable in Easy Mode are shown in the Control Panel.
Figure 13 Control Panel
Click the feature to open a screen where you can edit its settings.
24
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Chapter 3 Easy Mode
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 4 Control Panel
ITEM
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Security
Click this to configure the wireless security, such as SSID, security mode
and WPS key on your WAP5605.
Refer to Section 3.6.1 on page 25 to see this screen.
3.6.1 Wireless Security
Use this screen to configure security for your the wreless LAN. You can enter the SSID and select
the wireless security mode in the following screen.
Note: Wireless Security in the control panel is not configurable when the WAP5605 is in
client mode.
Figure 14 Wireless Security
WAP5605 User’s Guide
25
Chapter 3 Easy Mode
The following table describes the general wireless LAN labels in this screen.
Table 5 Wireless Security
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless
Network Name
(SSID)
(Service Set IDentity) The SSID identifies the Service Set with which a wireless
station is associated. Wireless stations associating to the access point (AP) must
have the same SSID. Enter a descriptive name (up to 32 keyboard characters) for
the wireless LAN.
The default SSID is “ZyXEL+(the last six characters of the WAP5605’s MAC
address)”.
Security mode
Select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK to add security on this wireless network. The
wireless clients which want to associate to this network must have same wireless
security settings as this device. After you select to use a security, additional options
appears in this screen.
Select No Security to allow any client to connect to this network without
authentication.
Wireless
password
This field appears when you choose wither WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK as the
security mode.
Type a pre-shared key from 8 to 63 case-sensitive keyboard characters.
Verify
password
Type the password again to confirm.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Cancel
Click Cancel to close this screen.
WPS
Click this to configure the WPS screen.
You can transfer the wireless settings configured here (Wireless Security screen)
to another wireless device that supports WPS.
26
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Chapter 3 Easy Mode
3.6.2 WPS
Use this screen to add a wireless station to the network with the WAP5605’s first SSID using WPS.
Click WPS in the Wireless Security to open the following screen.
Figure 15 Wireless Security: WPS
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 6 Wireless Security: WPS
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Security
Click this to go back to the Wireless Security screen.
WPS
Create a secure wireless network simply by pressing the button.
The WAP5605 scans for a WPS-enabled device within the range and performs
wireless security information synchronization.
Note: After you click the WPS button on this screen, you have to press a similar
button in the wireless station utility within 2 minutes. To add the second
wireless station, you have to press these buttons on both device and the
wireless station again after the first 2 minutes.
Register
Create a secure wireless network simply by entering a wireless client's PIN
(Personal Identification Number) in the WAP5605’s interface and pushing this
button.
Type the same PIN number generated in the wireless station’s utility. Then click
Register to associate to each other and perform the wireless security
information synchronization.
Exit
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Click Exit to close this screen.
27
Chapter 3 Easy Mode
3.7 Status Screen in Easy Mode
In the Network Map screen, click Status to view read-only information about the WAP5605.
Figure 16 Status Screen in Easy Mode (AP)
Figure 17 Status Screen in Easy Mode (Client)
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 7 Status Screen in Easy Mode
ITEM
DESCRIPTION
Name
This is the name of the WAP5605 in the network.
Time
This is the current system date and time.
The date is in YYYY:MM:DD (Year-Month-Day) format. The time is in
HH:MM:SS (Hour:Minutes:Seconds) format.
LAN IP
This is the IP address of the LAN port.
MAC Address
This is the MAC address of the WAP5605.
Firmware Version
This shows the firmware version of the WAP5605.
The firmware version format shows the trunk version, model code and
release number.
28
Wireless Network Name
(SSID)
This shows the SSID of the wireless network. You can configure this in the
Wireless Security screen (Section 3.6.1 on page 25; Section 9.5 on
page 77).
Security
This shows the wireless security used by the WAP5605.
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4
Access Point Mode
4.1 Overview
The WAP5605 is set to access point mode by default. In this mode your WAP5605 bridges a wired
network (LAN) and wireless LAN (WLAN) in the same subnet. See the figure below for an example.
Figure 18 Wireless Internet Access in Access Point Mode
WLAN
LAN
Note: See Chapter 7 on page 53 for an example of setting up a wireless network in
Access Point mode.
4.2 What You Can Do
• Use the Status screen (Section 4.4 on page 31) to view read-only information about your
WAP5605.
• Use the LAN screen (Chapter 10 on page 87) to set the IP address for your WAP5605 acting as
an access point.
• Use the Wireless LAN screens (Chapter 9 on page 73) to configure the wireless settings and
wireless security between the wireless clients and the WAP5605.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
29
Chapter 4 Access Point Mode
4.3 What You Need to Know
See Chapter 7 on page 53 for a tutorial on setting up a network with the WAP5605 as an access
point.
4.3.1 Setting your WAP5605 to AP Mode
1
To use your WAP5605 as an access point, see Section 2.1.2.1 on page 19.
2
Connect your computer to the LAN port of the WAP5605.
3
The default IP address of the WAP5605 in access point mode is “192.168.1.2”. In this case, your
computer must have an IP address in the range between “192.168.1.3” and “192.168.1.254”.
4
Click Start > Run on your computer in Windows. Type “cmd” in the dialog box. Enter “ipconfig” to
show your computer’s IP address. If your computer’s IP address is not in the correct range then see
Appendix C on page 127 for information on changing your computer’s IP address.
5
After you’ve set your computer’s IP address, open a web browser such as Internet Explorer and
type “http://192.168.1.2” as the web address in your web browser.
6
Enter “1234” (default) as the password and click Login.
7
Type a new password and retype it to confirm, then click Apply. Otherwise, click Ignore.
8
The Easy mode appears. Click Expert Mode in the navigation panel.
4.3.2 Configuring your WLAN, LAN and Maintenance Settings
• See Chapter 9 on page 73 and Chapter 10 on page 87 for information on the configuring your
wireless network and LAN settings.
• See Chapter 11 on page 91 for information on configuring your Maintenance settings.
30
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Chapter 4 Access Point Mode
4.4 AP Mode Status Screen
Click
to open the Status screen.
Figure 19 Status Screen: Access Point Mode
The following table describes the icons shown in the Status screen.
Table 8 Status Screen Icon Key: Access Point Mode
ICON
DESCRIPTION
Click this to go to the Home page. See Section 6.2.3 on page 49.
Click this icon to view copyright and a link for related product information.
Select a number of seconds or None from the drop-down list box to refresh all screen statistics
automatically at the end of every time interval or to not refresh the screen statistics.
Click this button to refresh the status screen statistics.
Click this icon to see the Status page. The information in this screen depends on the device
mode you select.
Click this icon to see the Monitor navigation menu.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
31
Chapter 4 Access Point Mode
Table 8 Status Screen Icon Key: Access Point Mode (continued)
ICON
DESCRIPTION
Click this icon to see the Configuration navigation menu.
Click this icon to see the Maintenance navigation menu.
The following table describes the labels shown in the Status screen.
Table 9 Status Screen: Access Point Mode
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Logout
Click this at any time to exit the Web Configurator.
Device Information
Host Name
This is the WAP5605’s model name.
Firmware Version
This is the firmware version and the date created.
Sys OP Mode
This is the device operating mode (Section 2.1.2 on page 19) to which the WAP5605 is set Access Point Mode.
LAN Information
MAC Address
This shows the LAN Ethernet adapter MAC Address of your device.
IP Address
This shows the LAN port’s IP address.
IP Subnet Mask
This shows the LAN port’s subnet mask.
Default Gateway
This shows the gateway IP address.
DHCP
This shows the LAN port’s DHCP role - Client or None.
WLAN Information
WLAN OP Mode
This is the device operating mode (Section 2.1.2 on page 19) to which the WAP5605’s
wireless LAN is set - Access Point Mode.
MAC Address
This shows the wireless adapter MAC Address of your device.
Status
This shows the current status of the Wireless LAN - ON.
Name (SSID)
This shows a descriptive name used to identify the WAP5605 in the wireless LAN.
Channel
This shows the channel number which you select manually or the WAP5605 automatically
scans and selects.
Operating Channel
This shows the channel number which the WAP5605 is currently using over the wireless LAN.
Security Mode
This shows the level of wireless security the WAP5605 is using.
802.11 Mode
This shows the wireless standard.
WPS
This displays Configured when the WPS has been set up.
This displays Unconfigured if the WPS has not been set up.
Click the status to display Network > Wireless LAN > WPS screen.
Interface Status
Interface
This displays the WAP5605 port types. The port types are: LAN and WLAN.
Status
For the LAN ports, this field displays Down (line is down) or Up (line is up or connected).
For the WLAN, it displays Up when the WLAN is enabled or Down when the WLAN is
disabled.
Rate
For the LAN ports, this displays the port speed or N/A when the line is disconnected.
For the WLAN, it displays the maximum transmission rate when the WLAN is enabled and N/
A when the WLAN is disabled.
System Status
32
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Chapter 4 Access Point Mode
Table 9 Status Screen: Access Point Mode
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Item
This column shows the type of data the WAP5605 is recording.
Data
This column shows the actual data recorded by the WAP5605.
System Up Time
This is the total time the WAP5605 has been on.
Current Date/Time
This field displays your WAP5605’s present date and time.
System Resource
CPU Usage
This displays what percentage of the WAP5605’s processing ability is currently used. When
this percentage is close to 100%, the WAP5605 is running at full load, and the throughput is
not going to improve anymore. If you want some applications to have more throughput, you
should turn off other applications (for example, using bandwidth management.
Memory Usage
This shows what percentage of the heap memory the WAP5605 is using.
System Setting
Configuration Mode
This shows the web configurator mode you are viewing - Expert.
Summary
Packet Statistics
Click Details... to go to the Monitor > Packet Statistics screen (Section 8.5 on page 71).
Use this screen to view port status and packet specific statistics.
WLAN Station Status
Click Details... to go to the Monitor > WLAN Station Status screen (Section 8.6 on page
72). Use this screen to view the wireless stations that are currently associated to the
WAP5605.
4.4.1 Navigation Panel
Use the menu in the navigation panel to configure WAP5605 features in Access Point mode.
The following screen and table show the features you can configure in Access Point mode.
Figure 20 Menu: Access Point Mode
The following table describes the sub-menus.
Table 10 Navigation Panel: Access Point Mode
LINK
TAB
Status
FUNCTION
This screen shows the WAP5605’s general device, system and interface
status information. Use this screen to access the summary statistics tables.
MONITOR
Log
View Log
Log Settings
Packet Statistics
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Use this screen to view the list of activities recorded by your WAP5605 and
change your log settings.
Use this screen to view port status and packet specific statistics.
33
Chapter 4 Access Point Mode
Table 10 Navigation Panel: Access Point Mode
LINK
TAB
WLAN Station
Status
FUNCTION
Use this screen to view the wireless stations that are currently associated
to the WAP5605.
CONFIGURATION
Network
Wireless LAN
LAN
General
Use this screen to configure general wireless LAN settings.
Security
Use this screen to configure wireless security settings.
MAC Filter
Use the MAC filter screen to configure the WAP5605 to block access to
devices or block the devices from accessing the WAP5605.
Advanced
This screen allows you to configure advanced wireless settings.
QoS
Use this screen to configure Wi-Fi Multimedia Quality of Service (WMM
QoS). WMM QoS allows you to prioritize wireless traffic according to the
delivery requirements of individual services.
WPS
Use this screen to configure WPS.
WPS Station
Use this screen to add a wireless station using WPS.
Scheduling
Use this screen to schedule the times the Wireless LAN is enabled.
IP
Use this screen to configure LAN IP address and subnet mask.
IP Alias
Use this screen to have the WAP5605 apply IP alias to create LAN subnets.
MAINTENANCE
General
Password
Password
Setup
Use this screen to change the password of your WAP5605.
Time
Time Setting
Use this screen to change your WAP5605’s time and date.
Firmware
Upgrade
Use this screen to upload firmware to your WAP5605.
Backup/
Restore
Use this screen to backup and restore the configuration or reset the factory
defaults to your WAP5605.
Reset/
Restart
34
Use this screen to view and change administrative settings such as system
and domain names.
Restart
This screen allows you to reboot the WAP5605 without turning the power
off.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
C HAPT ER
5
Client Mode
5.1 Overview
Your WAP5605 can act as a wireless client. In wireless client mode, it can connect to an existing
network via an access point. Use this mode if you already have a WAP5605 working as an access
point in your network.
In the example below, one WAP5605 (A) is configured as a wireless client and another is used as an
access point (B). The WAP5605 has two clients that need to connect to the Internet. The WAP5605
wirelessly connects to the available access point (B).
Figure 21 Wireless Client Mode
A
B
After the WAP5605 and the access point connect, the WAP5605 acquires its WAN IP address from
the access point. The clients of the WAP5605 can now surf the Internet.
5.2 What You Can Do
• Use the Status screen (Section 5.5 on page 37) to view read-only information about your
WAP5605.
• Use the LAN screen (Chapter 10 on page 87) to set the IP address for your WAP5605.
• Use the Wireless LAN screen (Section 5.6 on page 39) to associate your WAP5605 (acting as a
wireless client) with an existing access point.
5.3 What You Need to Know
With the exception of the Wireless LAN screens, the LAN, Monitor, and Maintenance screens in
client mode are similar to the ones in access point Mode. See Chapter 10 on page 87 through
Chapter 11 on page 91 of this User’s Guide.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
35
Chapter 5 Client Mode
5.4 Setting your WAP5605 to Client Mode
36
1
To set your WAP5605 to client mode, see Section 2.1.2.1 on page 19.
2
Connect your computer to the LAN port of the WAP5605.
3
The default IP address of the WAP5605 in client mode is “192.168.1.10”. In this case, your
computer must have an IP address in the range between “192.168.1.11” and “192.168.1.254”.
4
Click Start > Run on your computer in Windows. Type “cmd” in the dialog box. Enter “ipconfig” to
show your computer’s IP address. If your computer’s IP address is not in the correct range then see
Appendix C on page 127 for information on changing your computer’s IP address.
5
After you’ve set your computer’s IP address, open a web browser such as Internet Explorer and
type “http://192.168.1.10” as the web address in your web browser.
6
Enter “1234” (default) as the password and click Login.
7
Type a new password and retype it to confirm, then click Apply. Otherwise, click Ignore.
8
The Easy mode appears. Click Expert Mode in the navigation panel.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Chapter 5 Client Mode
5.5 Client Mode Status Screen
Click
to open the status screen.
Figure 22 Status: Client Mode
The following table describes the labels shown in the Status screen.
Table 11 Status Screen: Client Mode
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Logout
Click this at any time to exit the Web Configurator.
Device Information
Host Name
This is the WAP5605’s model name.
Firmware Version
This is the firmware version and the date created.
Sys OP Mode
This is the device operating mode (Section 2.1.2 on page 19) to which the
WAP5605 is set - Client Mode.
LAN Information
MAC Address
This shows the LAN Ethernet adapter MAC Address of your device.
IP Address
This shows the LAN port’s IP address.
IP Subnet Mask
This shows the LAN port’s subnet mask.
DHCP
This shows the LAN port’s DHCP role - Client or None.
WLAN Information
WLAN OP Mode
WAP5605 User’s Guide
This is the device operating mode (Section 2.1.2 on page 19) to which the
WAP5605’s wireless LAN is set - Client Mode.
37
Chapter 5 Client Mode
Table 11 Status Screen: Client Mode
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
MAC Address
This shows the wireless adapter MAC Address of your device.
Status
This shows the current status of the Wireless LAN - ON.
Connect Status
This shows whether or not the WAP5605 has successfully associated with an
access point - Associated or Disassociated.
Name (SSID)
This shows a descriptive name used to identify the WAP5605 in the wireless
LAN.
Rate
This shows the current transmission rate.
Channel
802.11 Mode
This shows the channel number used by the WAP5605 now.
This shows the wireless standard.
Interface Status
Interface
This displays the WAP5605 port types. The port types are: LAN and WLAN.
Status
For the LAN and WAN ports, this field displays Down (line is down) or Up (line
is up or connected).
For the WLAN, it displays Up when the WLAN is enabled or Down when the
WLAN is disabled.
Rate
For the LAN ports, this displays the port speed or N/A when the line is
disconnected.
For the WLAN, it displays the maximum transmission rate when the WLAN is
enabled and N/A when the WLAN is disabled.
System Status
Item
This column shows the type of data the WAP5605 is recording.
Data
This column shows the actual data recorded by the WAP5605.
System Up Time
This is the total time the WAP5605 has been on.
Current Date/Time
This field displays your WAP5605’s present date and time.
System Resource
CPU Usage
This displays what percentage of the WAP5605’s processing ability is currently
used. When this percentage is close to 100%, the WAP5605 is running at full
load, and the throughput is not going to improve anymore. If you want some
applications to have more throughput, you should turn off other applications
(for example, using bandwidth management.
Memory Usage
This shows what percentage of the heap memory the WAP5605 is using.
System Setting
Configuration Mode
This shows the web configurator mode you are viewing - Expert.
Summary
Packet Statistics
38
Click Details... to go to the Monitor > Packet Statistics screen (Section 8.5
on page 71). Use this screen to view port status and packet specific statistics.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Chapter 5 Client Mode
5.6 Wireless LAN Profile Screen
Use this screen to view the wireless LAN profile settings of your WAP5605. Go to Configuration >
Network > Wireless LAN > Profile to open the following screen.
Figure 23 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 12 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Profile List
#
Select a profile to remove, modify or enable it.
Profile
This displays the name of the pre-configured profile.
indicates the profile is activated and the WAP5605 connects to the specified wireless
network.
indicates the profile is activated but the specified wireless network is not available or
the WAP5605 fails to associate with the wireless network.
SSID
This displays the SSID of the wireless network with which this profile associates.
Channel
This displays the channel number used by this profile. Auto means the WAP5605
automatically scans for and selects an available channel.
Authentication
This displays the authentication method used by this profile.
Encryption
This displays the data encryption method used by this profile.
Network Type
This displays the network type (Infrastructure or Ad Hoc) of this profile.
Add
Click this button to create a new profile.
Delete
Select a profile and click this button to remove it.
Edit
Select a profile and click this button to modify it.
Activate
Select a profile and click this button to enable it.
Note: You can activate only one profile at a time.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
39
Chapter 5 Client Mode
5.6.1 Adding a New WLAN Profile
Use this screen to create a new wireless LAN profile for your WAP5605. Click the Add button in the
Configuration > Network > Wireless LAN > Profile screen to open the following screen.
Figure 24 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile > Add
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 13 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile > Add
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Profile Name
Enter a descriptive name for this profile.
Network Name
(SSID)
Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
Site Survey
Click this button to go to the Site Survey screen and see available wireless devices
within range.
Security
Security Mode
Select the security mode of the access point to which you want to connect.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Back
Click Back to go back to the previous screen.
5.6.1.1 No Security
Use this screen if the access point to which you want to connect does not use encryption.
Figure 25 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: No Security
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WAP5605 User’s Guide
Chapter 5 Client Mode
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 14 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: No Security
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Profile Name
Enter a descriptive name for this profile.
Network Name
(SSID)
Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
Site Survey
Click this button to go to the Site Survey screen and see available wireless devices
within range.
Security
Security Mode
Select No Security in this field.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Back
Click Back to go back to the previous screen.
5.6.1.2 Static WEP
Use this screen if the access point to which you want to connect to uses WEP security mode.
Figure 26 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: WEP
The following table describes the labels in this screen..
Table 15 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: WEP
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Profile Name
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Enter a descriptive name for this profile.
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Chapter 5 Client Mode
Table 15 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: WEP
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Network Name
(SSID)
Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
Site Survey
Click this button to go to the Site Survey screen and see available wireless devices
within range.
Security
Security Mode
Select Static WEP to enable data encryption.
PassPhrase
Enter a passphrase (up to 26 printable characters) and click Generate.
A passphrase functions like a password. In WEP security mode, it is further
converted by the WAP5605 into a complicated string that is referred to as the “key”.
This key is requested from all devices wishing to connect to a wireless network.
WEP
Encryption
Select 64-bits or 128-bits.
Authentication
Method
Select Open or Shared Key from the drop-down list box.
This dictates the length of the security key that the network is going to use.
This field specifies whether the wireless clients have to provide the WEP key to log
into the wireless network. Keep this setting at Open unless you want to force a key
verification before communication between the wireless client and the ZyXEL Device
occurs.
Select Shared Key to force the clients to provide the WEP key prior to
communication.
ASCII
Select this option in order to enter ASCII characters as WEP key.
Hex
Select this option in order to enter hexadecimal characters as a WEP key.
The preceding "0x", that identifies a hexadecimal key, is entered automatically.
Key 1 to Key 4
The WEP keys are used to encrypt data. Both the WAP5605 and the wireless
stations must use the same WEP key for data transmission.
If you chose 64-bits, then enter any 5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal
characters ("0-9", "A-F").
If you chose 128-bits, then enter 13 ASCII characters or 26 hexadecimal
characters ("0-9", "A-F").
You must configure at least one key, only one key can be activated at any one time.
The default key is key 1.
42
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Back
Click Back to go back to the previous screen.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Chapter 5 Client Mode
5.6.1.3 WPA(2)-PSK
Use this screen if the access point to which you want to connect uses WPA(2)-PSK security mode.
Figure 27 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 16 Client Mode: WLAN > Profile: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Profile Name
Enter a descriptive name for this profile.
Network Name
(SSID)
Enter the name of the access point to which you are connecting.
Site Survey
Click this button to go to the Site Survey screen and see available wireless
devices within range.
Security
Security Mode
Select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK to add strong security on this wireless network.
Encryption Type
Select the type of wireless encryption employed by the access point to which you
want to connect.
Pre-Shared Key
WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK uses a simple common password for authentication.
Type the pre-shared key employed by the access point to which you want to
connect.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Back
Click Back to go back to the previous screen.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
43
Chapter 5 Client Mode
5.7 Site Survey Screen
Use this screen to scan for and connect to a wireless network automatically. Go to Configuration >
Wireless LAN > Site Survey to open the following screen.
Figure 28 Client Mode: WLAN > Site Survey
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 17 Client Mode: WLAN > Site Survey
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Station Site Survey
#
Select a wireless device and click Add Profile to open a configuration screen
where you can add the selected wireless device to a profile and then enable it.
SSID
This displays the SSID of the wireless device.
indicates the wireless device is added to an activated profile and the
WAP5605 is connecting to it.
44
BSSID
This displays the MAC address of the wireless device.
Signal Strength
This displays the strength of the wireless signal. The signal strength mainly
depends on the antenna output power and the distance between your WAP5605
and this device.
Channel
This displays the channel number used by this wireless device.
Encryption
This displays the data encryption method used by this wireless device.
Authentication
This displays the authentication method used by this wireless device.
Network Type
This displays the network type (Infrastructure or Ad Hoc) of this wireless
device.
Rescan
Click this button to search for available wireless devices within transmission range
and update this table.
Add Profile
Select a wireless device and click this button to add it to a profile.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Chapter 5 Client Mode
5.8 WPS Screen
Use this screen to enable Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) on the WAP5605. Go to Configuration >
Wireless LAN > WPS to open the following screen.
Figure 29 Client Mode: WLAN > WPS
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 18 Client Mode: WLAN > WPS
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Station Site Survey
No.
Use the radio button to select the wireless device to which you want to connect
using WPS.
SSID
This displays the SSID of the wireless device.
BSSID
This displays the MAC address of the wireless device.
Signal Strength
This displays the strength of the wireless signal. The signal strength mainly
depends on the antenna output power and the distance between your WAP5605
and this device.
Ch.
This displays the channel number used by this wireless device.
Auth.
This displays the authentication method used by this wireless device.
Encrypt
This displays the data encryption method used by this wireless device.
Ver.
This displays the firmware version running on the wireless device.
Status
This displays Conf. (configured) when WPS has been set up on the wireless
device.
This displays Unconf. (unconfigured) if WPS has not been set up on the wireless
device.
PIN
This displays the PIN number of the WAP5605.
PIN Start
Click this button to perform wireless security information synchronization using
the PIN configuration method.
PBC Start
Click this button to perform wireless security information synchronization using
the Push Button Configuration (PBC) method.
Rescan
Click this button to search for available for WPS-enabled devices within
transmission range and update this table.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
45
Chapter 5 Client Mode
5.9 LED Link Quality Screen
Use this screen to view the threshold for each color of the quality LED on the WAP5605. Go to
Configuration > Wireless LAN > LED Link Quality to open the following screen.
Figure 30 Client Mode: WLAN > LED Link Quality
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6
The Web Configurator
6.1 Overview
This chapter describes how to access the WAP5605 Web Configurator and provides an overview of
its screens.
The Web Configurator is an HTML-based management interface that allows easy setup and
management of the WAP5605 via Internet browser. Use Internet Explorer 6.0 and later or Firefox
2.0 and later versions. The recommended screen resolution is 1024 by 768 pixels.
In order to use the Web Configurator you need to allow:
• Web browser pop-up windows from your device. Web pop-up blocking is enabled by default in
Windows XP SP (Service Pack) 2.
• JavaScripts (enabled by default).
• Java permissions (enabled by default).
Refer to the Troubleshooting chapter (Chapter 12 on page 99) to see how to make sure these
functions are allowed in Internet Explorer.
6.2 Accessing the Web Configurator
1
Connect your computer to the LAN port of the WAP5605.
2
The default IP address of the WAP5605 in access point mode is “192.168.1.2”. In this case, your
computer must have an IP address in the range between “192.168.1.3” and “192.168.1.254”.
3
Click Start > Run on your computer in Windows. Type “cmd” in the dialog box. Enter “ipconfig” to
show your computer’s IP address. If your computer’s IP address is not in the correct range then see
Appendix C on page 127 for information on changing your computer’s IP address.
4
After you’ve set your computer’s IP address, open a web browser such as Internet Explorer and
type “http://192.168.1.2” as the web address in your web browser.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
47
Chapter 6 The Web Configurator
6.2.1 Login Screen
The Web Configurator initially displays the following login screen.
Figure 31 Login screen
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 19 Login screen
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Password
Type "1234" (default) as the password.
Language
Select the language you want to use to configure the Web Configurator. Click Login.
This shows the current weather, either in celsius or fahrenheit, of the city you specify in
Section 6.2.3.1 on page 50.
This shows the time (hh:mm:ss) and date (yyyy:mm:dd) of the timezone you select in
Section 6.2.3.2 on page 51 or Section 11.5 on page 93. The time is in 24-hour format, for
example 15:00 is 3:00 PM.
48
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Chapter 6 The Web Configurator
6.2.2 Password Screen
You should see a screen asking you to change your password (highly recommended) as shown
next.
Figure 32 Change Password Screen
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 20 Change Password Screen
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
New Password
Type a new password.
Retype to Confirm
Retype the password for confirmation.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Ignore
Click Ignore if you do not want to change the password this time.
Note: The management session automatically times out when the time period set in the
Administrator Inactivity Timer field expires (default five minutes; go to Chapter
11 on page 91 to change this). Simply log back into the WAP5605 if this happens.
6.2.3 Home Screen
If you have previously logged into the Web Configurator but did not click Logout, you may be
redirected to the Home screen.
You can also open this screen by clicking Home (
or
) in the Easy Mode or
Expert
Mode screens.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
49
Chapter 6 The Web Configurator
The Home screen displays as follows.
Figure 33 Home Screen
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 21 Home Screen
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Go
Click this to open the Easy mode Web Configurator.
Language
Select a language to go to the Easy mode Web Configurator in that language and click Go.
(This is just an example). This shows the current weather, either in celsius or fahrenheit,
of the city you specify in Section 6.2.3.1 on page 50.
(This is just an example). This shows the time (hh:mm:ss) and date (yyyy:mm:dd) of the
timezone you select in Section 6.2.3.2 on page 51 or Section 11.5 on page 93.
6.2.3.1 Weather Edit
You can change the temperature unit and select the location for which you want to know the
weather.
Click the
icon to change the weather display.
Figure 34 Change Weather
50
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Chapter 6 The Web Configurator
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 22 Change Weather
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
o
Choose which temperature unit you want the WAP5605 to display.
o
C or F
Change Location
Select the location for which you want to know the weather. If the city you want is not
listed, choose one that is closest to it.
Finish
Click this to apply the settings and refresh the date and time display.
6.2.3.2 Time/Date Edit
One timezone can cover more than one country. You can choose a particular country in which the
WAP5605 is located and have the WAP5605 display and use the current time and date for its logs.
Click the
icon to change the time and date display.
Figure 35 Change Time Zone
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 23 Change Time Zone
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Change time zone
Select the specific country whose current time and date you want the WAP5605 to display.
Finish
Click this to apply the settings and refresh the weather display.
Note: You can also edit the timezone in Section 11.5 on page 93.
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Chapter 6 The Web Configurator
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7
Tutorials
7.1 Overview
This chapter provides tutorials for your WAP5605 (in access point mode) as follows:
• Connecting to the Internet from an Access Point
• Configuring Wireless Security Using WPS
• Enabling and Configuring Wireless Security (No WPS)
• Using Multiple SSIDs on the WAP5605
This chapter provides tutorials for your WAP5605 (in client mode) as follows:
• Connecting the WAP5605 (in Client Mode) to an AP
7.2 Connecting to the Internet from an Access Point
This section gives you an example of how to set up an access point (A) and wireless client (B in this
example) for wireless communication. Computers that connect to B can access the Internet
through the access point wirelessly.
Figure 36 Wireless Access Point Connection to the Internet
B
A
7.3 Configuring Wireless Security Using WPS
This section gives you an example of how to set up wireless network using WPS. This example uses
the WAP5605 in AP mode as the AP and WAP5605 in client mode as the wireless client which
connects to a notebook.
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There are two WPS methods for creating a secure connection. This tutorial shows you how to do
both.
• Push Button Configuration (PBC) - create a secure wireless network simply by pressing a
button. See Section 7.3.1 on page 54.This is the easier method.
• PIN Configuration - create a secure wireless network simply by entering a wireless client's PIN
(Personal Identification Number) in the WAP5605’s interface. See Section 7.3.2 on page 55. This
is the more secure method, since one device can authenticate the other.
7.3.1 Push Button Configuration (PBC)
1
Make sure that your WAP5605s are turned on and that they are within range of each other.
2
Make sure the WPS (
3
Press the WPS buttons for more than three seconds. The WPS LEDs blink.
) buttons of both WAP5605s are on.
Note: It doesn’t matter which button is pressed first. You must press the second button
within two minutes of pressing the first one.
Note: Your WAP5605 has a WPS button located on its panel, as well as a WPS button in
its Web Configurator. Both buttons have exactly the same function; you can also
log into the Web Configurator and press the Push Button in the AP’s
Configuration > Network > Wireless LAN > WPS Station screen and the PBC
Start button in the client’s Configuration > Network > Wireless LAN > WPS
screen.
The AP sends the proper configuration settings to the wireless client. This may take up to two
minutes. Then the wireless client is able to communicate with the AP securely.
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The following figure shows you how to set up wireless network and security by pressing a button on
both AP and wireless client.
Figure 37 Example WPS Process: PBC Method
AP
Client
WITHIN 2 MINUTES
SECURITY INFO
COMMUNICATION
7.3.2 PIN Configuration
When you use the PIN configuration method, you need to use configuration interfaces of both AP
and client.
1
Log into the client’s Web Configurator. Go to the Configuration > Network > Wireless LAN >
WPS screen to get a PIN number.
2
Log into the AP’s Web Configurator. Enter the client’s PIN number to the PIN field in the
Configuration > Network > Wireless LAN > WPS Station screen.
3
Click the PIN Start button in the client’s WPS screen and the start button in the AP’s WPS
Station screen within two minutes.
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The AP authenticates the wireless client and sends the proper configuration settings to the wireless
client. This may take up to two minutes. Then the wireless client is able to communicate with the AP
securely.
The following figure shows you how to set up wireless network and security on AP and wireless
client by using PIN method.
Figure 38 Example WPS Process: PIN Method
AP
Client
WITHIN 2 MINUTES
Authentication by PIN
SECURITY INFO
COMMUNICATION
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7.4 Enabling and Configuring Wireless Security (No WPS)
This example shows you how to configure wireless security settings with the following parameters
on your WAP5605.
SSID
SSID_Example3
Channel
Auto
Security
WPA-PSK
(Pre-Shared Key: ThisismyWPA-PSKpre-sharedkey)
Follow the steps below to configure the wireless settings on your WAP5605.
The instructions require that your hardware is connected (see the Quick Start Guide) and you are
logged into the Web Configurator through your LAN connection (see Section 6.2 on page 47).
1
Open the Wireless LAN > General screen in the AP’s Web Configurator.
2
Enter SSID_Example3 as the SSID and select a channel or select Auto Channel Selection to
have the WAP5605 scans for and select an available channel automatically. Click Apply.
Figure 39 Tutorial: Network > Wireless LAN > General
3
Click the Security tab.
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4
Select the SSID (SSID_Example3) for which you want to configure the security. Set security mode
to WPA-PSK and enter ThisismyWPA-PSKpre-sharedkey in the Pre-Shared Key field. Click
Apply.
Figure 40 Tutorial: Network > Wireless LAN > Security
5
Open the Status screen. Verify your wireless and wireless security settings under Device
Information and check if the WLAN connection is up under Interface Status.
Figure 41 Tutorial: Checking Wireless Settings
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7.4.1 Configuring Your Wireless Client
Note: At the time of writing, you can only use the WAP5605 in client mode as a wireless
client to wirelessly connect to a WAP5605 in AP mode.
See Section 7.6 on page 62 for how to connect the client to your AP. If your connection is
successful, open your Internet browser and enter http://www.zyxel.com or the URL of any other
web site in the address bar. If you are able to access the web site, your wireless connection is
successfully configured.
7.5 Using Multiple SSIDs on the WAP5605
You can configure more than one SSID on a WAP5605 when it is operating in access point mode.
This allows you to configure multiple independent wireless networks on the WAP5605 as if there
were multiple APs (virtual APs). Each virtual AP has its own SSID, wireless security type and MAC
filtering settings. That is, each SSID on the WAP5605 represents a different access point/wireless
network to wireless clients in the network.
Clients can associate only with the SSIDs for which they have the correct security settings. Clients
using different SSIDs can access the Internet and the wired network behind the WAP5605 (such as
a printer), but they cannot listen to each other’s traffic.
For example, you may set up three wireless networks (A, B and C) in your office. A is for workers,
B is for guests and C is specific to a VoIP device in the meeting room.
A
SSID_Worker
C
SSID_VoIP
B
SSID_Guest
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7.5.1 Configuring Security Settings of Multiple SSIDs
This example shows you how to configure the SSIDs with the following parameters on your
WAP5605 (in access point mode).
SSID
SECURITY TYPE
KEY
MAC FILTERING
SSID_Worker
WPA2-PSK
DoNotStealMyWirelessNet
work
Disable
WPA Compatible
SSID_Guest
Static WEP 128bit
keyexample123
Disable
SSID_VoIP
WPA-PSK
VoIPOnly12345678
Allow
00:A0:C5:01:23:45
60
1
Connect your computer to the LAN port of the WAP5605 using an Ethernet cable.
2
The default IP address of the WAP5605 is “192.168.1.2”. In this case, your computer must have an
IP address in the range between “192.168.1.3” and “192.168.1.254”.
3
Click Start > Run on your computer in Windows. Type “cmd” in the dialog box. Enter “ipconfig” to
show your computer’s IP address. If your computer’s IP address is not in the correct range then see
Appendix C on page 127 for information on changing your computer’s IP address.
4
After you’ve set your computer’s IP address, open a web browser such as Internet Explorer and
type “http://192.168.1.2” as the web address in your web browser.
5
Enter “1234” (default) as the password and click Login.
6
Type a new password and retype it to confirm, then click Apply. Otherwise, click Ignore.
7
The Easy mode appears. Click Expert Mode in the navigation panel.
8
Go to Configuration > Network > Wireless LAN > General. Configure the screen as follows. In
this example, you select Enable Intra-BSS Traffic for SSID_Worker and SSID_Guest to allow
wireless clients in the same wireless network to communicate with each other. Click Apply.
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9
Click the Security tab to configure security settings for each SSID. Select SSID_Worker from the
SSID drop-down list. Configure the screen as follows. Click Apply.
10 Select SSID_Guest from the SSID drop-down list. Configure the screen as follows. Click Apply.
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11 Select SSID_VoIP from the SSID drop-down list. Configure the screen as follows. Click Apply.
12 Click the MAC Filter tab to configure MAC filtering for the SSID_VoIP wireless network. Select
SSID_VoIP from the SSID drop-down list and select Allow in the Policy field. Enter the VoIP
device’s MAC address in the Add a station Mac Address field and click Apply to allow only the
VoIP device to associate with the WAP5605 using this SSID.
7.6 Connecting the WAP5605 (in Client Mode) to an AP
If you have an access point with Internet access deployed in your network already, and you want to
use the WAP5605 as a wireless client to connect to the existing AP, set the WAP5605 to client mode.
The WAP5605 then acts as a wireless client. Your device, such as a computer, can connect to the
WAP5605 through a wired connection to access the Internet.
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1
Connect your computer to the LAN port of the WAP5605 using an Ethernet cable.
2
The default IP address of the WAP5605 in client mode is “192.168.1.10”. In this case, your
computer must have an IP address in the range between “192.168.1.11” and “192.168.1.254”.
3
Click Start > Run on your computer in Windows. Type “cmd” in the dialog box. Enter “ipconfig” to
show your computer’s IP address. If your computer’s IP address is not in the correct range then see
Appendix C on page 127 for information on changing your computer’s IP address.
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4
After you’ve set your computer’s IP address, open a web browser such as Internet Explorer and
type “http://192.168.1.10” as the web address in your web browser.
5
Enter “1234” (default) as the password and click Login.
6
Type a new password and retype it to confirm, then click Apply. Otherwise, click Ignore.
7
The Easy mode appears. Click Expert Mode in the navigation panel.
8
To connect to a specific wireless network, you can manually create a wireless profile or use the site
survey tool to associate with it.
7.6.1 Connecting to a Wireless Network Using Site Survey
1
Go to Configuration > Network > Wireless LAN > Site Survey. The WAP5605 automatically
scans for and connects to an available wireless network. The green check icon indicates the wireless
device to which the WAP5605 is connecting. Select an SSID’s radio button and click Add Profile to
add this wireless device to a profile.
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2
Enter a new profile name or use the name generated automatically by the system. Enter the
security settings if requested and click Apply. The security settings must be the same as those on
the AP to which you are connecting.
3
The new profile entry displays in the Profile screen. The green check icon means this profile is
active and the WAP5605 is associating with the specified wireless network.
7.6.2 Connecting to a Wireless Network Using a Profile
1
64
Go to Configuration > Network > Wireless LAN > Profile. Click Add to manually create a
wireless LAN profile.
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2
Enter a descriptive profile name and the SSID and security settings of the wireless device to which
you want to connect. Click Apply.
3
The new profile entry displays in the Profile screen. To enable a profile, select the corresponding
radio button and click Activate. The green check icon means this profile is active and the WAP5605
is associating with the specified wireless network.
7.6.3 Deploying the WAP5605 in your Network
1
After you finish configuring the operating mode and wireless settings on the WAP5605, disconnect
the computer from the WAP5605 and change its TCP/IP settings back to the previous ones.
2
Connect a device to the WAP5605, which you want to use to access the AP or wireless router
through the WAP5605. Make sure the device is set to obtain an IP address automatically.
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Technical Reference
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68
C HAPT ER
8
Monitor
8.1 Overview
This chapter discusses read-only information related to the device state of the WAP5605.
Note: To access the Monitor screens, you can also click the links in the Summary table of
the Status screen to view the packets sent/received as well as the status of clients
connected to the WAP5605.
8.2 What You Can Do
• Use the View Log screen (Section 8.3 on page 69) to see the logs for the categories that you
selected in the Log Settings screen.
• Use the Log Settings screen (Section 8.4 on page 70) to configure which logs and/or immediate
alerts the WAP5605 is to record.
• use the Packet Statistics screen (Section 8.5 on page 71) to view port status, packet specific
statistics, the "system up time" and so on.
• Use the WLAN Station Status screen (Section 8.6 on page 72) to view the wireless stations
that are currently associated to the WAP5605.
8.3 View Log
Use the View Log screen to see the logged messages for the WAP5605.
Log entries in red indicate system error logs. The log wraps around and deletes the old entries after
it fills.
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Chapter 8 Monitor
Click Monitor > Log.
Figure 42 Monitor > Log
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 24 Monitor > Log
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Display
Select a category of logs to view. Select all log to view logs from all of the log
categories that you selected in the Log Settings screen.
#
This field is a sequential value and is not associated with a specific entry.
Time
This field displays the time the log was recorded.
Message
This field states the reason for the log.
Refresh
Click Refresh to renew the log screen.
Clear
Click Clear to delete all the logs.
8.4 Log Settings
Use the Log Settings screen to choose which categories of events and/or alerts the WAP5605 is to
log and then display the logs. To change your WAP5605’s log settings, click Monitor > Log > Log
Settings. The screen appears as shown.
Figure 43 Monitor > Log > Log Settings
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8.5 Packet Statistics
Click the Packet Statistics (Details...) hyperlink in the Status screen or Monitor > Packet
Statistics. Read-only information here includes port status, packet specific statistics and the
"system up time". The Poll Interval(s) field is configurable and is used for refreshing the screen.
Figure 44 Monitor > Packet Statistics
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 25 Monitor > Packet Statistics
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Port
This is the WAP5605’s port type.
Status
For the LAN ports, this displays the port speed or Down when the line is disconnected.
For the WLAN, it displays the maximum transmission rate when the WLAN is enabled
and Down when the WLAN is disabled.
TxPkts
This is the number of transmitted packets on this port.
RxPkts
This is the number of received packets on this port.
Collisions
This is the number of collisions on this port.
Tx B/s
This displays the transmission speed in bytes per second on this port.
Rx B/s
This displays the reception speed in bytes per second on this port.
Up Time
This is the total time the WAP5605 has been for each session.
System Up Time
This is the total time the WAP5605 has been on.
Poll Interval(s)
Enter the time interval in seconds for refreshing statistics in this field.
Set Interval
Click this button to apply the new poll interval you entered in the Poll Interval(s)
field.
Stop
Click Stop to stop refreshing statistics.
Refresh
Click Refresh to update this screen.
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8.6 WLAN Station Status
Click the WLAN Station Status (Details...) hyperlink in the Status screen or Monitor > WLAN
Station Status. View the wireless stations that are currently associated to the WAP5605 in the
Association List. Association means that a wireless client (for example, your network or computer
with a wireless network card) has connected successfully to the AP (or wireless router) using the
same SSID, channel and security settings.
Note: This screen is not available when the WAP5605 is in Client mode.
Figure 45 Monitor > WLAN Station Status > Association List
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 26 Monitor > WLAN Station Status > Association List
72
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
#
This is the index number of an associated wireless station.
MAC Address
This field displays the MAC address of an associated wireless station.
Association Time
This field displays the time a wireless station first associated with the WAP5605’s WLAN
network.
Refresh
Click Refresh to reload the list.
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9
Wireless LAN
9.1 Overview
This chapter discusses how to configure the wireless network settings in your WAP5605. See the
appendices for more detailed information about wireless networks.
The following figure provides an example of a wireless network.
Figure 46 Example of a Wireless Network
A
B
The wireless network is the part in the blue circle. In this wireless network, devices A and B are
called wireless clients. The wireless clients use the access point (AP) to interact with other devices
(such as the printer) or with the Internet. Your WAP5605 is the AP.
9.2 What You Can Do
• Use the General screen (Section 9.4 on page 76) to enter the SSID, enable intra-BSS traffic and
select the channel.
• Use the Security screen (Section 9.5 on page 77) to configure wireless security between the
WAP5605 and the wireless clients.
• Use the MAC Filter screen (Section 9.6 on page 80) to allow or deny wireless stations based on
their MAC addresses from connecting to the WAP5605.
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• Use the Advanced screen (Section 9.7 on page 81) to configure wireless advanced features,
such as set the RTS/CTS Threshold and HT physical mode.
• Use the QoS screen (Section 9.8 on page 82) to enable Wifi MultiMedia Quality of Service
(WMMQoS). This allows the WAP5605 to automatically set priority levels to services, such as email, VoIP, chat, and so on.
• Use the WPS screen (Section 9.9 on page 83) to quickly set up a wireless network with strong
security, without having to configure security settings manually.
• Use the WPS Station screen (Section 9.10 on page 84) to add a wireless station using WPS.
• Use the Scheduling screen (Section 9.11 on page 85) to set the times your wireless LAN is
turned on and off.
9.3 What You Should Know
Every wireless network must follow these basic guidelines.
• Every wireless client in the same wireless network must use the same SSID.
The SSID is the name of the wireless network. It stands for Service Set IDentity.
• If two wireless networks overlap, they should use different channels.
Like radio stations or television channels, each wireless network uses a specific channel, or
frequency, to send and receive information.
• Every wireless client in the same wireless network must use security compatible with the AP.
Security stops unauthorized devices from using the wireless network. It can also protect the
information that is sent in the wireless network.
9.3.1 Wireless Security Overview
The following sections introduce different types of wireless security you can set up in the wireless
network.
9.3.1.1 SSID
Normally, the AP acts like a beacon and regularly broadcasts the SSID in the area. You can hide the
SSID instead, in which case the AP does not broadcast the SSID. In addition, you should change
the default SSID to something that is difficult to guess.
This type of security is fairly weak, however, because there are ways for unauthorized devices to
get the SSID. In addition, unauthorized devices can still see the information that is sent in the
wireless network.
9.3.1.2 MAC Address Filter
Every wireless client has a unique identification number, called a MAC address.1 A MAC address is
usually written using twelve hexadecimal characters2; for example, 00A0C5000002 or
00:A0:C5:00:00:02. To get the MAC address for each wireless client, see the appropriate User’s
Guide or other documentation.
74
1.
Some wireless devices, such as scanners, can detect wireless networks but cannot use wireless networks. These kinds
of wireless devices might not have MAC addresses.
2.
Hexadecimal characters are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, and F.
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You can use the MAC address filter to tell the AP which wireless clients are allowed or not allowed to
use the wireless network. If a wireless client is allowed to use the wireless network, it still has to
have the correct settings (SSID, channel, and security). If a wireless client is not allowed to use the
wireless network, it does not matter if it has the correct settings.
This type of security does not protect the information that is sent in the wireless network.
Furthermore, there are ways for unauthorized devices to get the MAC address of an authorized
wireless client. Then, they can use that MAC address to use the wireless network.
9.3.1.3 Encryption
Wireless networks can use encryption to protect the information that is sent in the wireless
network. Encryption is like a secret code. If you do not know the secret code, you cannot
understand the message.
The types of encryption you can choose depend on the type of user authentication.
Table 27 Types of Encryption for Each Type of Authentication
NO AUTHENTICATION
Weakest
No Security
WEP
WPA-PSK
Strongest
WPA2-PSK
Usually, you should set up the strongest encryption that every wireless client in the wireless
network supports. Suppose the wireless network has two wireless clients. Device A only supports
WEP, and device B supports WEP and WPA-PSK. Therefore, you should set up WEP in the wireless
network.
Note: It is recommended that wireless networks use WPA-PSK or stronger encryption.
IEEE 802.1x and WEP encryption are better than none at all, but it is still possible
for unauthorized devices to figure out the original information pretty quickly.
When you select WPA2-PSK in your WAP5605, you can also select an option (WPA Compatible)
to support WPA as well. In this case, if some wireless clients support WPA and some support WPA2,
you should set up WPA2-PSK (depending on the type of wireless network login) and select the
WPA Compatible option in the WAP5605.
Many types of encryption use a key to protect the information in the wireless network. The longer
the key, the stronger the encryption. Every wireless client in the wireless network must have the
same key.
9.3.1.4 WPS
WiFi Protected Setup (WPS) is an industry standard specification, defined by the WiFi Alliance. WPS
allows you to quickly set up a wireless network with strong security, without having to configure
security settings manually. Depending on the devices in your network, you can either press a
button (on the device itself, or in its configuration utility) or enter a PIN (Personal Identification
Number) in the devices. Then, they connect and set up a secure network by themselves. See how
to set up a secure wireless network using WPS in the Section 7.3 on page 53.
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9.4 General Wireless LAN Screen
Use this screen to enter the SSID, select the channel and enable intra-BSS traffic.
Note: If you are configuring the WAP5605 from a computer connected to the wireless LAN
and you change the WAP5605’s SSID, channel or security settings, you will lose
your wireless connection when you press Apply to confirm. You must then change
the wireless settings of your computer to match the WAP5605’s new settings.
Click Network > Wireless LAN to open the General screen.
Figure 47 Network > Wireless LAN > General
The following table describes the general wireless LAN labels in this screen.
Table 28 Network > Wireless LAN > General
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless Setup
Wireless LAN
This is turned on by default.
The current wireless state is reflected in this field.
Network
Name(SSID)
or
Name(SSID1~
3)
The SSID (Service Set IDentity) identifies the Service Set with which a wireless client is
associated. Enter a descriptive name (up to 32 printable characters found on a typical
English language keyboard) for the wireless LAN.
You can configure up to four SSIDs to enable multiple BSSs (Basic Service Sets) on the
WAP5605. This allows you to use one access point to provide several BSSs simutaneously.
You can then assign varying security types to different SSIDs. Wireless clients can use
different SSIDs to associate with the same access point.
Hide SSID
Select this check box to hide the SSID in the outgoing beacon frame so a wireless client
cannot obtain the SSID through scanning using a site survey tool.
Enable
Intra-BSS
Traffic
A Basic Service Set (BSS) exists when all communications between wireless clients or
between a wireless client and a wired network client go through one access point (AP).
Intra-BSS traffic is traffic between wireless clients in the BSS. When Intra-BSS is enabled,
wireless clients can access the wired network and communicate with each other. When
Intra-BSS is disabled, wireless clients can still access the wired network but cannot
communicate with each other.
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Table 28 Network > Wireless LAN > General
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Channel
Selection
Set the operating frequency/channel depending on your particular region.
Select a channel from the drop-down list box. The options vary depending on the frequency
band and the country you are in.
This option is only available if Auto Channel Selection is disabled.
Auto
Channel
Selection
Select the check box to have the WAP5605 automatically scan for and select a channel
which is not used by another device.
Operating
Channel
This displays the channel the WAP5605 is currently using.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Cancel
Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
9.5 Wireless Security Screen
Use this screen to select the wireless security mode for each SSID. Click Network > Wireless LAN
> Security to open the Security screen. The screen varies depending on what you select in the
Security Mode field.
9.5.1 No Security
Select No Security to allow wireless clients to communicate with the access points without any
data encryption.
Note: If you do not enable any wireless security on your WAP5605, your network is
accessible to any wireless networking device that is within range.
Figure 48 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: No Security
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 29 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: No Security
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
SSID
Select the SSID for which you want to configure the security.
Security Mode
Choose No Security from the drop-down list box.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Cancel
Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
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9.5.2 WEP Encryption
WEP encryption scrambles the data transmitted between the wireless stations and the access points
to keep network communications private. It encrypts unicast and multicast communications in a
network. Both the wireless stations and the access points must use the same WEP key.
Your WAP5605 allows you to configure up to four 64-bit or 128-bit WEP keys but only one key can
be enabled at any one time.
Select Static WEP from the Security Mode list.
Figure 49 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: Static WEP
The following table describes the wireless LAN security labels in this screen.
Table 30 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: Static WEP
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
SSID
Select the SSID for which you want to configure the security.
Security Mode
Select Static WEP to enable data encryption.
PassPhrase
Enter a Passphrase (up to 26 printable characters) and click Generate.
A passphrase functions like a password. In WEP security mode, it is further converted by the
WAP5605 into a complicated string that is referred to as the “key”. This key is requested
from all devices wishing to connect to a wireless network.
WEP
Encryption
78
Select 64-bits or 128-bits.
This dictates the length of the security key that the network is going to use.
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Table 30 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: Static WEP
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Authentication
Method
Select Auto or Shared Key from the drop-down list box.
This field specifies whether the wireless clients have to provide the WEP key to login to the
wireless client. Keep this setting at Auto unless you want to force a key verification before
communication between the wireless client and the WAP5605 occurs.
Select Shared Key to force the clients to provide the WEP key prior to communication.
ASCII
Select this option in order to enter ASCII characters as WEP key.
Hex
Select this option in order to enter hexadecimal characters as a WEP key.
The preceding "0x", that identifies a hexadecimal key, is entered automatically.
Key 1 to Key 4
The WEP keys are used to encrypt data. Both the WAP5605 and the wireless stations must
use the same WEP key for data transmission.
If you chose 64-bit WEP, then enter any 5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal characters
("0-9", "A-F").
If you chose 128-bit WEP, then enter 13 ASCII characters or 26 hexadecimal characters
("0-9", "A-F").
You must configure at least one key, only one key can be activated at any one time. The
default key is key 1.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Cancel
Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
9.5.3 WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
Select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK from the Security Mode list.
Figure 50 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 31 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
SSID
Select the SSID for which you want to configure the security.
Security Mode
Select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK to enable data encryption.
WPA Compatible
This field appears when you choose WPA2-PSK as the Security Mode.
Check this field to allow wireless devices using WPA-PSK security mode to connect to
your WAP5605.
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Table 31 Network > Wireless LAN > Security: WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Pre-Shared Key
WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK uses a simple common password for authentication.
Type a pre-shared key from 8 to 63 case-sensitive keyboard characters.
Group Key
Update Timer
The Group Key Update Timer is the rate at which the AP sends a new group key out to
all clients.
The default is 3600 seconds (60 minutes).
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Cancel
Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
9.6 MAC Filter
The MAC filter screen allows you to configure the WAP5605 to give exclusive access to devices
(Allow) or exclude devices from accessing the WAP5605 (Deny). Every Ethernet device has a
unique MAC (Media Access Control) address. The MAC address is assigned at the factory and
consists of six pairs of hexadecimal characters, for example, 00:A0:C5:00:00:02. You need to know
the MAC address of the devices to configure this screen.
To change your WAP5605’s MAC filter settings, click Network > Wireless LAN > MAC Filter. The
screen appears as shown.
Figure 51 Network > Wireless LAN > MAC Filter
The following table describes the labels in this menu.
Table 32 Network > Wireless LAN > MAC Filter
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Access Policy
SSID
Select the SSID for which you want to configure MAC filtering.
Policy
Define the filter action for the list of MAC addresses in the MAC Address table.
Select Disable to deactivate the MAC filtering rule you configure below.
Select Allow to permit access to the WAP5605, MAC addresses not listed will be denied access
to the WAP5605.
Select Reject to block access to the WAP5605, MAC addresses not listed will be allowed to
access the WAP5605
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Table 32 Network > Wireless LAN > MAC Filter
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Add a station
Mac Address
Enter the MAC addresses of the wireless station that are allowed or denied access to the
WAP5605 in these address fields. Enter the MAC addresses in a valid MAC address format, that
is, six hexadecimal character pairs, for example, 12:34:56:78:9a:bc.
MAC Filter Summary
Delete
Click the delete icon to remove the MAC address from the list.
MAC Address
This is the MAC address of the wireless station that are allowed or denied access to the
WAP5605.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Cancel
Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
9.7 Wireless LAN Advanced Screen
Use this screen to allow wireless advanced features, such as the output power, RTS/CTS Threshold
and high-throughput physical mode settings.
Click Network > Wireless LAN > Advanced. The screen appears as shown.
Figure 52 Network > Wireless LAN > Advanced
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 33 Network > Wireless LAN > Advanced
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
RTS/CTS
Threshold
Data with its frame size larger than this value will perform the RTS (Request To Send)/CTS
(Clear To Send) handshake.
Enter a value between 256 and 2346.
Fragmentation
Threshold
WAP5605 User’s Guide
The threshold (number of bytes) for the fragmentation boundary for directed messages. It is
the maximum data fragment size that can be sent. Enter an even number between 256 and
2346.
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Table 33 Network > Wireless LAN > Advanced
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Output Power
Set the output power of the WAP5605 in this field. If there is a high density of APs in an
area, decrease the output power of the WAP5605 to reduce interference with other APs.
Select one of the following 100%, 90%, 75%, 50%, 25% or 10%. See the product
specifications for more information on your WAP5605’s output power.
Network Mode
This displays 11 a/n mixed mode and only IEEE802.11a or IEEE802.11n compliant WLAN
devices can associate with the WAP5605.
DLS
Select Enabled to activate IEEE 802.11e Direct Link Setup (DLS) on the WAP5605. This
allows all wireless clients that support DLS and are in the same wireless network (BSS) to
communicate with each other directly. Traffic within the BSS can be sent from one client to
another without going through the access point (WAP5605).
HT (High Throughput) Physical Mode - Use the fields below to configure the 802.11 wireless environment of
your WAP5605.
Operating
Mode
Choose this according to the wireless mode(s) used in your network.
Mixed - Select this if the wireless clients in your network use different wireless modes (for
example, IEEE 802.11a and IEEE 802.1n modes).
Green - Select this if the wireless clients in your network uses only one type of wireless
mode (for example, IEEEE 802.11 n only).
Channel
Bandwidth
Select the channel bandwidth you want to use for your wireless network.
It is recommended that you select 20/40 MHz.
Select 20 MHz if you want to lessen radio interference with other wireless devices in your
neighborhood.
Guard Interval
Select Auto to increase data throughput. However, this may make data transfer more prone
to errors.
Select Long to prioritize data integrity. This may be because your wireless network is busy
and congested or the WAP5605 is located in an environment prone to radio interference.
Extension
Channel
This is set to Auto by default.
If you select 20/40 MHz as your Channel Bandwidth, the extension channel enables the
WAP5605 to get higher data throughput. This also lowers radio interference and traffic.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Cancel
Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
9.8 Quality of Service (QoS) Screen
The QoS screen allows you to automatically give a service (such as VoIP and video) a priority level.
Click Network > Wireless LAN > QoS. The following screen appears.
Figure 53 Network > Wireless LAN > QoS
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 34 Network > Wireless LAN > QoS
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Enable WMM QoS
Check this to have the WAP5605 automatically give a service a priority level according
to the ToS value in the IP header of packets it sends. WMM QoS (Wifi MultiMedia
Quality of Service) gives high priority to voice and video, which makes them run more
smoothly.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes to the WAP5605.
Cancel
Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
9.9 WPS Screen
Use this screen to enable/disable WPS, view or generate a new PIN number and check current WPS
status. To open this screen, click Network > Wireless LAN > WPS tab.
Note: With WPS, wireless clients can only connect to the wireless network using the first
SSID on the WAP5605.
Figure 54 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 35 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
WPS Setup
Enable WPS
Select this to enable the WPS feature.
PIN Number
This displays a PIN number last time system generated. Click Generate to generate a
new PIN number.
Status
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Table 35 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Status
This displays Configured when the WAP5605 has connected to a wireless network using
WPS or when Enable WPS is selected and wireless or wireless security settings have
been changed. The current wireless and wireless security settings also appear in the
screen.
This displays Unconfigured if WPS is disabled and there are no wireless or wireless
security changes on the WAP5605 or you click Release_Configuration to remove the
configured wireless and wireless security settings.
Release
Configuration
This button is only available when the WPS status displays Configured.
Click this button to remove all configured wireless and wireless security settings for WPS
connections on the WAP5605.
802.11 Mode
This is the 802.11 mode used. Only compliant WLAN devices can associate with the
WAP5605.
SSID
This is the name of the wireless network (the WAP5605’s first SSID).
Security
This is the type of wireless security employed by the network.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Cancel
Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
9.10 WPS Station Screen
Use this screen when you want to add a wireless station using WPS. To open this screen, click
Network > Wireless LAN > WPS Station tab.
Note: After you click Push Button on this screen, you have to press a similar button in
the wireless station utility within 2 minutes. To add the second wireless station, you
have to press these buttons on both device and the wireless station again after the
first 2 minutes.
Figure 55 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS Station
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 36 Network > Wireless LAN > WPS Station
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Push Button
Use this button when you use the PBC (Push Button Configuration) method to configure
wireless stations’s wireless settings. See Section 7.3.1 on page 54.
Click this to start WPS-aware wireless station scanning and the wireless security
information synchronization.
Or input station’s
PIN number
Use this button when you use the PIN Configuration method to configure wireless station’s
wireless settings. See Section 7.3.2 on page 55.
Type the same PIN number generated in the wireless station’s utility. Then click Start to
associate to each other and perform the wireless security information synchronization.
9.11 Scheduling Screen
Use this screen to set the times your wireless LAN is turned on and off. Wireless LAN scheduling is
disabled by default. The wireless LAN can be scheduled to turn on or off on certain days and at
certain times. To open this screen, click Network > Wireless LAN > Scheduling tab.
Figure 56 Network > Wireless LAN > Scheduling
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 37 Network > Wireless LAN > Scheduling
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Wireless LAN Scheduling
Enable Wireless
LAN Scheduling
Select this to enable Wireless LAN scheduling.
Scheduling
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Table 37 Network > Wireless LAN > Scheduling
86
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
WLAN Status
Select On or Off to specify whether the Wireless LAN is turned on or off. This field works
in conjunction with the Day and For the following times fields.
Day
Select Everyday or the specific days to turn the Wireless LAN on or off. If you select
Everyday you can not select any specific days. This field works in conjunction with the
For the following times field.
For the following
times (24-Hour
Format)
Select a begin time using the first set of hour and minute (min) drop down boxes and
select an end time using the second set of hour and minute (min) drop down boxes. If
you have chosen On earlier for the WLAN Status the Wireless LAN will turn on between
the two times you enter in these fields. If you have chosen Off earlier for the WLAN
Status the Wireless LAN will turn off between the two times you enter in these fields.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Cancel
Click Cancel to reload the previous configuration for this screen.
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10
LAN
10.1 Overview
This chapter describes how to configure LAN settings.
A Local Area Network (LAN) is a shared communication system to which many computers are
attached. A LAN is a computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or
floor of a building. The LAN screens can help you configure a LAN DHCP server, manage IP
addresses, and partition your physical network into logical networks.
Figure 57 LAN Example
LAN
The LAN screens can help you manage IP addresses.
10.2 What You Can Do
• Use the IP screen (Section 10.4 on page 89) to change the IP address for your WAP5605 and
DNS server information.
• Use the IP Alias screen (Section 10.5 on page 90) to have the WAP5605 apply IP alias to create
LAN subnets.
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10.3 What You Need To Know
There are two separate IP networks, one inside the LAN network and the other outside the WAN
network as shown next.
Figure 58 LAN and WAN IP Addresses
LAN
WAN
The LAN parameters of the WAP5605 are preset in the factory with the following values:
• AP mode: IP address of 192.168.1.2 with subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 (24 bits)
• Client mode: IP address of 192.168.1.10 with subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 (24 bits)
10.3.1 LAN TCP/IP
The WAP5605 has built-in DHCP server capability that assigns IP addresses and DNS servers to
systems that support DHCP client capability.
10.3.2 IP Alias
IP alias allows you to partition a physical network into different logical networks over the same
Ethernet interface. The WAP5605 supports three logical LAN interfaces via its single physical
Ethernet interface with the WAP5605 itself as the gateway for each LAN network.
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10.4 LAN IP Screen
Use this screen to change the IP address for your WAP5605. Click Network > LAN > IP.
Figure 59 Network > LAN > IP
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 38 Network > LAN > IP
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Get from DHCP
Server
Click this to deploy the WAP5605 as a DHCP client in the network.
When you enable this, the WAP5605 gets its IP address from the network’s DHCP server
(for example, your ISP or router). Users connected to the WAP5605 in AP mode can now
access the network (i.e., the Internet if the IP address is given by the ISP or a router
with Internet access).
The Web Configurator may no longer be accessible unless you know the IP address
assigned by the DHCP server to the WAP5605. Otherwise, you need to reset the
WAP5605 to be able to access the Web Configurator again (see Section 11.7 on page 96
for details on how to reset the WAP5605).
Also when you select this, you cannot enter an IP address for your WAP5605 in the field
below.
Use Defined LAN IP
Address
Click this if you want to specify the IP address of your WAP5605. Or if your ISP or
network administrator gave you a static IP address to access the network or the
Internet.
IP Address
Type the IP address in dotted decimal notation. If you change the IP address you will
have to log in again with the new IP address.
IP Subnet Mask
The subnet mask specifies the network number portion of an IP address.
Gateway IP
Address
Enter a gateway IP address (if your ISP or network administrator gave you one) in this
field.
DNS Assignment
First DNS Server
Second DNS Server
Select From ISP if your ISP or router to which the WAP5605 connects dynamically
assigns DNS server information (and the WAP5605's WAN IP address). The field to the
right displays the (read-only) DNS server IP address that the ISP assigns.
Select User-Defined if you have the IP address of a DNS server. Enter the DNS server's
IP address in the field to the right.
Select None if you do not want to configure DNS servers. If you do not configure a DNS
server, you must know the IP address of a computer in order to access it.
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Table 38 Network > LAN > IP
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
10.5 IP Alias Screen
Use this screen to have the WAP5605 apply IP alias to create LAN subnets. Click LAN > IP Alias.
Figure 60 Network > LAN > IP Alias
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 39 Network > LAN > IP Alias
90
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
IP Alias
Check this to enable IP alias.
IP Address
Type the IP alias address of your WAP5605 in dotted decimal notation.
IP Subnet Mask
The subnet mask specifies the network number portion of an IP address.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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11
Maintenance
11.1 Overview
This chapter provides information on the Maintenance screens.
11.2 What You Can Do
• Use the General screen (Section 11.3 on page 91) to set the timeout period of the management
session.
• Use the Password screen (Section 11.4 on page 92) to change your WAP5605’s system
password.
• Use the Time screen (Section 11.5 on page 93) to change your WAP5605’s time and date.
• Use the Firmware Upgrade screen (Section 11.6 on page 94) to upload firmware to your
WAP5605.
• Use the Backup/Restore screen (Section 11.8 on page 97) to view information related to
factory defaults, backup configuration, and restoring configuration.
• Use the Reset/Restart screen (Section 11.8 on page 97) to reboot the WAP5605 without
turning the power off.
11.3 General Screen
Use this screen to set the management session timeout period. Click Maintenance > General.
The following screen displays.
Figure 61 Maintenance > General
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 40 Maintenance > General
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Administrator
Inactivity Timer
Type how many minutes a management session can be left idle before the session times
out. The default is 5 minutes. After it times out you have to log in with your password
again. Very long idle timeouts may have security risks. A value of "0" means a
management session never times out, no matter how long it has been left idle (not
recommended).
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
11.4 Password Screen
It is strongly recommended that you change your WAP5605's password.
If you forget your WAP5605's password (or IP address), you will need to reset the device. See
Section 11.8 on page 97 for details
Click Maintenance > Password.
Figure 62 Maintenance > Password
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 41 Maintenance > Password
92
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Password Setup
Change your WAP5605’s password (recommended) using the fields as shown.
Old Password
Type the default password or the existing password you use to access the system in
this field.
New Password
Type your new system password (up to 30 characters). Note that as you type a
password, the screen displays an asterisk (*) for each character you type.
Retype to Confirm
Type the new password again in this field.
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
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11.5 Time Setting Screen
Use this screen to configure the WAP5605’s time based on your local time zone. To change your
WAP5605’s time and date, click Maintenance > Time. The screen appears as shown.
Figure 63 Maintenance > Time
he following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 42 Maintenance > Time
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Current Time and Date
Current Time
This field displays the time of your WAP5605.
Each time you reload this page, the WAP5605 synchronizes the time with the time
server.
Current Date
This field displays the date of your WAP5605.
Each time you reload this page, the WAP5605 synchronizes the date with the time
server.
Current Time and Date
Manual
Select this radio button to enter the time and date manually. If you configure a new
time and date, Time Zone and Daylight Saving at the same time, the new time and date
you entered has priority and the Time Zone and Daylight Saving settings do not affect
it.
New Time
This field displays the last updated time from the time server or the last time
configured manually.
(hh:mm:ss)
When you select Manual, enter the new time in this field and then click Apply.
New Date
(yyyy/mm/dd)
This field displays the last updated date from the time server or the last date configured
manually.
When you select Manual, enter the new date in this field and then click Apply.
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Table 42 Maintenance > Time
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Get from Time
Server
Select this radio button to have the WAP5605 get the time and date from the time
server you specified below.
Auto
Select Auto to have the WAP5605 automatically search for an available time server and
synchronize the date and time with the time server after you click Apply.
User Defined Time
Server Address
Select User Defined Time Server Address and enter the IP address or URL (up to 20
extended ASCII characters in length) of your time server. Check with your ISP/network
administrator if you are unsure of this information.
Time Zone Setup
Time Zone
Choose the time zone of your location. This will set the time difference between your
time zone and Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
Daylight Savings
Daylight saving is a period from late spring to fall when many countries set their clocks
ahead of normal local time by one hour to give more daytime light in the evening.
Select this option if you use Daylight Saving Time.
Start Date
Configure the day and time when Daylight Saving Time starts if you selected Daylight
Savings. The o'clock field uses the 24 hour format. Here are a couple of examples:
Daylight Saving Time starts in most parts of the United States on the second Sunday of
March. Each time zone in the United States starts using Daylight Saving Time at 2 A.M.
local time. So in the United States you would select Second, Sunday, March and type
2 in the o'clock field.
Daylight Saving Time starts in the European Union on the last Sunday of March. All of
the time zones in the European Union start using Daylight Saving Time at the same
moment (1 A.M. GMT or UTC). So in the European Union you would select Last,
Sunday, March. The time you type in the o'clock field depends on your time zone. In
Germany for instance, you would type 2 because Germany's time zone is one hour
ahead of GMT or UTC (GMT+1).
End Date
Configure the day and time when Daylight Saving Time ends if you selected Daylight
Savings. The o'clock field uses the 24 hour format. Here are a couple of examples:
Daylight Saving Time ends in the United States on the first Sunday of November. Each
time zone in the United States stops using Daylight Saving Time at 2 A.M. local time.
So in the United States you would select First, Sunday, November and type 2 in the
o'clock field.
Daylight Saving Time ends in the European Union on the last Sunday of October. All of
the time zones in the European Union stop using Daylight Saving Time at the same
moment (1 A.M. GMT or UTC). So in the European Union you would select Last,
Sunday, October. The time you type in the o'clock field depends on your time zone.
In Germany for instance, you would type 2 because Germany's time zone is one hour
ahead of GMT or UTC (GMT+1).
Apply
Click Apply to save your changes back to the WAP5605.
Reset
Click Reset to begin configuring this screen afresh.
11.6 Firmware Upgrade Screen
Find firmware at www.zyxel.com in a file that (usually) uses the system model name with a “*.bin”
extension, e.g., “WAP5605.bin”. The upload process uses HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) and
may take up to two minutes. After a successful upload, the system will reboot.
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Click Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade. Follow the instructions in this screen to upload
firmware to your WAP5605.
Figure 64 Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade
The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 43 Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Upgrade Firmware
File Path
Type in the location of the file you want to upload in this field or click Browse... to find it.
Browse...
Click Browse... to find the .bin file you want to upload. Remember that you must
decompress compressed (.zip) files before you can upload them.
Upload
Click Upload to begin the upload process. This process may take up to two minutes.
On-line Firmware Upgrade
Check for
Latest
Firmware Now
Click this button to get the latest firmware information, such as the version number, release
date, release note and file size from the ZyXEL website. Make sure your WAP5605 has
Internet access.
DoFirmware_Upg
rade
Click this button to download and install the latest firmware in your WAP5605.
Note: Do not turn off the WAP5605 while firmware upload is in progress!
After you see the Firmware Upload In Process screen, wait two minutes before logging into the
WAP5605 again.
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The WAP5605 automatically restarts in this time causing a temporary network disconnect. In some
operating systems, you may see the following icon on your desktop.
Figure 65 Network Temporarily Disconnected
After two minutes, log in again and check your new firmware version in the Status screen.
If the upload was not successful, an error message appears. Click Return to go back to the
Firmware Upgrade screen.
11.7 Configuration Backup/Restore Screen
Backup configuration allows you to back up (save) the WAP5605’s current configuration to a file on
your computer. Once your WAP5605 is configured and functioning properly, it is highly
recommended that you back up your configuration file before making configuration changes. The
backup configuration file will be useful in case you need to return to your previous settings.
Restore configuration allows you to upload a new or previously saved configuration file from your
computer to your WAP5605.
Click Maintenance > Backup/Restore. Information related to factory defaults, backup
configuration, and restoring configuration appears as shown next.
Figure 66 Maintenance > Backup/Restore
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The following table describes the labels in this screen.
Table 44 Maintenance > Backup/Restore
LABEL
DESCRIPTION
Backup
Click Backup to save the WAP5605’s current configuration to your computer.
File Path
Type in the location of the file you want to upload in this field or click Browse... to find it.
Browse...
Click Browse... to find the file you want to upload. Remember that you must decompress
compressed (.ZIP) files before you can upload them.
Upload
Click Upload to begin the upload process.
Note: Do not turn off the WAP5605 while configuration file upload is in progress.
After you see a “configuration upload successful” screen, you must then wait one minute
before logging into the WAP5605 again. The WAP5605 automatically restarts in this time
causing a temporary network disconnect.
If you see an error screen, click Back to return to the Backup/Restore screen.
Reset
Pressing the Reset button in this section clears all user-entered configuration information
and returns the WAP5605 to its factory defaults.
You can also press the RESET button on the rear panel to reset the factory defaults of your
WAP5605. Refer to the chapter about introducing the Web Configurator for more information
on the RESET button.
Note: If you uploaded the default configuration file you may need to change the IP
address of your computer to be in the same subnet as that of the default WAP5605
IP address. See Appendix C on page 127 for details on how to set up your
computer’s IP address.
11.8 Reset/Restart Screen
System restart allows you to reboot the WAP5605 without turning the power off.
Click Maintenance > Reset/Restart to open the following screen.
Figure 67 Maintenance > Reset/Restart
Click Restart to have the WAP5605 reboot. This does not affect the WAP5605's configuration.
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12
Troubleshooting
This chapter offers some suggestions to solve problems you might encounter. The potential
problems are divided into the following categories.
• Power, Hardware Connections, and LEDs
• WAP5605 Access and Login
• Internet Access
• Resetting the WAP5605 to Its Factory Defaults
12.1 Power, Hardware Connections, and LEDs
The WAP5605 does not turn on. None of the LEDs turn on.
1
Make sure you are using the power adaptor or cord included with the WAP5605.
2
Make sure the power adaptor or cord is connected to the WAP5605 and plugged in to an
appropriate power source. Make sure the power source is turned on.
3
Disconnect and re-connect the power adaptor or cord to the WAP5605.
4
If the problem continues, contact the vendor.
One of the LEDs does not behave as expected.
1
Make sure you understand the normal behavior of the LED. See Section 1.6 on page 13.
2
Check the hardware connections. See the Quick Start Guide.
3
Inspect your cables for damage. Contact the vendor to replace any damaged cables.
4
Disconnect and re-connect the power adaptor to the WAP5605.
5
If the problem continues, contact the vendor.
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12.2 WAP5605 Access and Login
I don’t know the IP address of my WAP5605.
1
The default IP address of the WAP5605 in access point mode is 192.168.1.2 and the default IP
address of the WAP5605 in client mode is 192.168.1.10.
2
If you changed the IP address and have forgotten it,
• and your WAP5605 is a DHCP client, you can find your IP address from the DHCP server. This
information is only available from the DHCP server which allocates IP addresses on your network.
Find this information directly from the DHCP server or contact your system administrator for
more information.
• reset your WAP5605 to change all settings back to their default. This means your current settings
are lost. See Section 12.4 on page 102 in the Troubleshooting for information on resetting your
WAP5605.
I forgot the password.
1
The default password is 1234.
2
If this does not work, you have to reset the device to its factory defaults. See Section 12.4 on page
102.
I cannot see or access the Login screen in the Web Configurator.
1
Make sure you are using the correct IP address.
• The default IP address of the WAP5605 in access point mode is 192.168.1.2 and the default
IP address of the WAP5605 in client mode is 192.168.1.10.
• If you changed the IP address (Section 10.4 on page 89), use the new IP address.
• If you changed the IP address and have forgotten it, see the troubleshooting suggestions for I
don’t know the IP address of my WAP5605.
2
Check the hardware connections, and make sure the LEDs are behaving as expected. See the Quick
Start Guide.
3
Make sure your Internet browser does not block pop-up windows and has JavaScripts and Java
enabled. See Appendix A on page 105.
4
Make sure your computer is in the same subnet as the WAP5605. (If you know that there are
routers between your computer and the WAP5605, skip this step.)
• If there is a DHCP server on your network, make sure your computer is using a dynamic IP
address. See Section 10.4 on page 89.
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• If there is no DHCP server on your network, make sure your computer’s IP address is in the
same subnet as the WAP5605. See Appendix B on page 117.
5
Reset the device to its factory defaults, and try to access the WAP5605 with the default IP address.
See Section 11.7 on page 96.
6
If the problem continues, contact the network administrator or vendor, or try one of the advanced
suggestions.
Advanced Suggestion
• If your computer is connected wirelessly, use a computer that is connected to a LAN port.
I can see the Login screen, but I cannot log in to the WAP5605.
1
Make sure you have entered the password correctly. The default password is 1234. This field is
case-sensitive, so make sure [Caps Lock] is not on.
2
This can happen when you fail to log out properly from your last session. Try logging in again after
5 minutes.
3
Disconnect and re-connect the power adaptor or cord to the WAP5605.
4
If this does not work, you have to reset the device to its factory defaults. See Section 12.4 on page
102.
12.3 Internet Access
I cannot access the Internet.
1
Check the hardware connections, and make sure the LEDs are behaving as expected. See the Quick
Start Guide.
2
Make sure the WAP5605 in access point mode is connected to a broadband modem or router with
Internet access. Connect to another WAP5605 in client mode to access the Internet through the
WAP5605 in access point mode. Use the switch on the WAP5605’s side panel to change your system
operating mode setting (see Section 2.1.2.1 on page 19). Make sure the client is within the
transmission range of the AP.
3
If you are trying to access the Internet wirelessly, make sure the wireless settings in the wireless
client are the same as the settings in the AP.
4
Disconnect all the cables from your device, and follow the directions in the Quick Start Guide again.
5
If the problem continues, contact your ISP.
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I cannot access the Internet anymore. I had access to the Internet (with the WAP5605), but
my Internet connection is not available anymore.
1
Check the hardware connections, and make sure the LEDs are behaving as expected. See the Quick
Start Guide and Section 1.6 on page 13.
2
Reboot the WAP5605.
3
If the problem continues, contact your ISP.
The Internet connection is slow or intermittent.
1
There might be a lot of traffic on the network. Look at the LEDs, and check Section 1.6 on page 13.
If the WAP5605 is sending or receiving a lot of information, try closing some programs that use the
Internet, especially peer-to-peer applications.
2
Check the signal strength. If the signal strength is low, try moving the clients closer to the AP if
possible, and look around to see if there are any devices that might be interfering with the wireless
network (for example, microwaves, other wireless networks, and so on).
3
Reboot the WAP5605.
4
If the problem continues, contact the network administrator or vendor, or try one of the advanced
suggestions.
Advanced Suggestions
• Check the settings for QoS. If it is disabled, you might consider activating it.
12.4 Resetting the WAP5605 to Its Factory Defaults
If you reset the WAP5605, you lose all of the changes you have made. The WAP5605 re-loads its
default settings, and the password resets to 1234. You have to make all of your changes again.
You will lose all of your changes when you push the RESET button.
To reset the WAP5605,
102
1
Make sure the power LED is on.
2
Press the RESET button for longer than 1 second to restart/reboot the WAP5605.
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Chapter 12 Troubleshooting
3
Press the RESET button for longer than five seconds to set the WAP5605 back to its factory-default
configurations.
If the WAP5605 restarts automatically, wait for the WAP5605 to finish restarting, and log in to the
Web Configurator. The password is “1234”.
If the WAP5605 does not restart automatically, disconnect and reconnect the WAP5605’s power.
Then, follow the directions above again.
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A PPENDIX
A
Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java
Permissions
In order to use the web configurator you need to allow:
• Web browser pop-up windows from your device.
• JavaScripts (enabled by default).
• Java permissions (enabled by default).
Note: The screens used below belong to Internet Explorer version 6, 7 and 8. Screens for
other Internet Explorer versions may vary.
Internet Explorer Pop-up Blockers
You may have to disable pop-up blocking to log into your device.
Either disable pop-up blocking (enabled by default in Windows XP SP (Service Pack) 2) or allow
pop-up blocking and create an exception for your device’s IP address.
Disable Pop-up Blockers
1
In Internet Explorer, select Tools, Pop-up Blocker and then select Turn Off Pop-up Blocker.
Figure 68 Pop-up Blocker
You can also check if pop-up blocking is disabled in the Pop-up Blocker section in the Privacy tab.
1
In Internet Explorer, select Tools, Internet Options, Privacy.
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Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
2
Clear the Block pop-ups check box in the Pop-up Blocker section of the screen. This disables any
web pop-up blockers you may have enabled.
Figure 69 Internet Options: Privacy
3
Click Apply to save this setting.
Enable Pop-up Blockers with Exceptions
Alternatively, if you only want to allow pop-up windows from your device, see the following steps.
1
106
In Internet Explorer, select Tools, Internet Options and then the Privacy tab.
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Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
2
Select Settings…to open the Pop-up Blocker Settings screen.
Figure 70 Internet Options: Privacy
3
Type the IP address of your device (the web page that you do not want to have blocked) with the
prefix “http://”. For example, http://192.168.167.1.
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Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
4
Click Add to move the IP address to the list of Allowed sites.
Figure 71 Pop-up Blocker Settings
5
Click Close to return to the Privacy screen.
6
Click Apply to save this setting.
JavaScripts
If pages of the web configurator do not display properly in Internet Explorer, check that JavaScripts
are allowed.
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Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
1
In Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then the Security tab.
Figure 72 Internet Options: Security
2
Click the Custom Level... button.
3
Scroll down to Scripting.
4
Under Active scripting make sure that Enable is selected (the default).
5
Under Scripting of Java applets make sure that Enable is selected (the default).
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Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
6
Click OK to close the window.
Figure 73 Security Settings - Java Scripting
Java Permissions
110
1
From Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then the Security tab.
2
Click the Custom Level... button.
3
Scroll down to Microsoft VM.
4
Under Java permissions make sure that a safety level is selected.
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Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
5
Click OK to close the window.
Figure 74 Security Settings - Java
JAVA (Sun)
1
From Internet Explorer, click Tools, Internet Options and then the Advanced tab.
2
Make sure that Use Java 2 for <applet> under Java (Sun) is selected.
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Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
3
Click OK to close the window.
Figure 75 Java (Sun)
Mozilla Firefox
Mozilla Firefox 2.0 screens are used here. Screens for other versions may vary slightly. The steps
below apply to Mozilla Firefox 3.0 as well.
You can enable Java, Javascripts and pop-ups in one screen. Click Tools, then click Options in the
screen that appears.
Figure 76 Mozilla Firefox: TOOLS > Options
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Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
Click Content to show the screen below. Select the check boxes as shown in the following screen.
Figure 77 Mozilla Firefox Content Security
Opera
Opera 10 screens are used here. Screens for other versions may vary slightly.
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Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
Allowing Pop-Ups
From Opera, click Tools, then Preferences. In the General tab, go to Choose how you prefer
to handle pop-ups and select Open all pop-ups.
Figure 78 Opera: Allowing Pop-Ups
Enabling Java
From Opera, click Tools, then Preferences. In the Advanced tab, select Content from the leftside menu. Select the check boxes as shown in the following screen.
Figure 79 Opera: Enabling Java
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Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
To customize JavaScript behavior in the Opera browser, click JavaScript Options.
Figure 80 Opera: JavaScript Options
Select the items you want Opera’s JavaScript to apply.
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Appendix A Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions
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A PPENDIX
B
IP Addresses and Subnetting
This appendix introduces IP addresses and subnet masks.
IP addresses identify individual devices on a network. Every networking device (including
computers, servers, routers, printers, etc.) needs an IP address to communicate across the
network. These networking devices are also known as hosts.
Subnet masks determine the maximum number of possible hosts on a network. You can also use
subnet masks to divide one network into multiple sub-networks.
Introduction to IP Addresses
One part of the IP address is the network number, and the other part is the host ID. In the same
way that houses on a street share a common street name, the hosts on a network share a common
network number. Similarly, as each house has its own house number, each host on the network has
its own unique identifying number - the host ID. Routers use the network number to send packets
to the correct network, while the host ID determines to which host on the network the packets are
delivered.
Structure
An IP address is made up of four parts, written in dotted decimal notation (for example,
192.168.1.1). Each of these four parts is known as an octet. An octet is an eight-digit binary
number (for example 11000000, which is 192 in decimal notation).
Therefore, each octet has a possible range of 00000000 to 11111111 in binary, or 0 to 255 in
decimal.
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Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting
The following figure shows an example IP address in which the first three octets (192.168.1) are
the network number, and the fourth octet (16) is the host ID.
Figure 81 Network Number and Host ID
How much of the IP address is the network number and how much is the host ID varies according
to the subnet mask.
Subnet Masks
A subnet mask is used to determine which bits are part of the network number, and which bits are
part of the host ID (using a logical AND operation). The term “subnet” is short for “sub-network”.
A subnet mask has 32 bits. If a bit in the subnet mask is a “1” then the corresponding bit in the IP
address is part of the network number. If a bit in the subnet mask is “0” then the corresponding bit
in the IP address is part of the host ID.
The following example shows a subnet mask identifying the network number (in bold text) and host
ID of an IP address (192.168.1.2 in decimal).
Table 45 IP Address Network Number and Host ID Example
1ST OCTET: 2ND
OCTET:
(192)
(168)
3RD
OCTET:
4TH OCTET
(1)
(2)
IP Address (Binary)
11000000
10101000
00000001
00000010
Subnet Mask (Binary)
11111111
11111111
11111111
00000000
Network Number
11000000
10101000
00000001
Host ID
00000010
By convention, subnet masks always consist of a continuous sequence of ones beginning from the
leftmost bit of the mask, followed by a continuous sequence of zeros, for a total number of 32 bits.
Subnet masks can be referred to by the size of the network number part (the bits with a “1” value).
For example, an “8-bit mask” means that the first 8 bits of the mask are ones and the remaining 24
bits are zeroes.
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Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting
Subnet masks are expressed in dotted decimal notation just like IP addresses. The following
examples show the binary and decimal notation for 8-bit, 16-bit, 24-bit and 29-bit subnet masks.
Table 46 Subnet Masks
BINARY
DECIMAL
1ST
OCTET
2ND
OCTET
3RD
OCTET
4TH OCTET
8-bit mask
11111111
00000000
00000000
00000000
255.0.0.0
16-bit mask
11111111
11111111
00000000
00000000
255.255.0.0
24-bit mask
11111111
11111111
11111111
00000000
255.255.255.0
29-bit mask
11111111
11111111
11111111
11111000
255.255.255.248
Network Size
The size of the network number determines the maximum number of possible hosts you can have
on your network. The larger the number of network number bits, the smaller the number of
remaining host ID bits.
An IP address with host IDs of all zeros is the IP address of the network (192.168.1.0 with a 24-bit
subnet mask, for example). An IP address with host IDs of all ones is the broadcast address for that
network (192.168.1.255 with a 24-bit subnet mask, for example).
As these two IP addresses cannot be used for individual hosts, calculate the maximum number of
possible hosts in a network as follows:
Table 47 Maximum Host Numbers
SUBNET MASK
HOST ID SIZE
8 bits
24 bits
16 bits
255.0.0.0
255.255.0.0
MAXIMUM NUMBER OF
HOSTS
224 – 2
16
16 bits
2
16777214
–2
65534
8
24 bits
255.255.255.0
8 bits
2 –2
254
29 bits
255.255.255.248
3 bits
23 – 2
6
Notation
Since the mask is always a continuous number of ones beginning from the left, followed by a
continuous number of zeros for the remainder of the 32 bit mask, you can simply specify the
number of ones instead of writing the value of each octet. This is usually specified by writing a “/”
followed by the number of bits in the mask after the address.
For example, 192.1.1.0 /25 is equivalent to saying 192.1.1.0 with subnet mask 255.255.255.128.
The following table shows some possible subnet masks using both notations.
Table 48 Alternative Subnet Mask Notation
SUBNET MASK
ALTERNATIVE
NOTATION
LAST OCTET
(BINARY)
LAST OCTET
(DECIMAL)
255.255.255.0
/24
0000 0000
0
255.255.255.128
/25
1000 0000
128
255.255.255.192
/26
1100 0000
192
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Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting
Table 48 Alternative Subnet Mask Notation (continued)
SUBNET MASK
ALTERNATIVE
NOTATION
LAST OCTET
(BINARY)
LAST OCTET
(DECIMAL)
255.255.255.224
/27
1110 0000
224
255.255.255.240
/28
1111 0000
240
255.255.255.248
/29
1111 1000
248
255.255.255.252
/30
1111 1100
252
Subnetting
You can use subnetting to divide one network into multiple sub-networks. In the following example
a network administrator creates two sub-networks to isolate a group of servers from the rest of the
company network for security reasons.
In this example, the company network address is 192.168.1.0. The first three octets of the address
(192.168.1) are the network number, and the remaining octet is the host ID, allowing a maximum
of 28 – 2 or 254 possible hosts.
The following figure shows the company network before subnetting.
Figure 82 Subnetting Example: Before Subnetting
You can “borrow” one of the host ID bits to divide the network 192.168.1.0 into two separate subnetworks. The subnet mask is now 25 bits (255.255.255.128 or /25).
The “borrowed” host ID bit can have a value of either 0 or 1, allowing two subnets; 192.168.1.0 /25
and 192.168.1.128 /25.
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Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting
The following figure shows the company network after subnetting. There are now two subnetworks, A and B.
Figure 83 Subnetting Example: After Subnetting
In a 25-bit subnet the host ID has 7 bits, so each sub-network has a maximum of 27 – 2 or 126
possible hosts (a host ID of all zeroes is the subnet’s address itself, all ones is the subnet’s
broadcast address).
192.168.1.0 with mask 255.255.255.128 is subnet A itself, and 192.168.1.127 with mask
255.255.255.128 is its broadcast address. Therefore, the lowest IP address that can be assigned to
an actual host for subnet A is 192.168.1.1 and the highest is 192.168.1.126.
Similarly, the host ID range for subnet B is 192.168.1.129 to 192.168.1.254.
Example: Four Subnets
The previous example illustrated using a 25-bit subnet mask to divide a 24-bit address into two
subnets. Similarly, to divide a 24-bit address into four subnets, you need to “borrow” two host ID
bits to give four possible combinations (00, 01, 10 and 11). The subnet mask is 26 bits
(11111111.11111111.11111111.11000000) or 255.255.255.192.
Each subnet contains 6 host ID bits, giving 26 - 2 or 62 hosts for each subnet (a host ID of all
zeroes is the subnet itself, all ones is the subnet’s broadcast address).
Table 49 Subnet 1
IP/SUBNET MASK
NETWORK NUMBER
LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
IP Address (Decimal)
192.168.1.
0
IP Address (Binary)
11000000.10101000.00000001.
00000000
Subnet Mask (Binary)
11111111.11111111.11111111.
11000000
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Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting
Table 49 Subnet 1 (continued)
IP/SUBNET MASK
NETWORK NUMBER
Subnet Address:
192.168.1.0
Lowest Host ID: 192.168.1.1
Broadcast Address:
192.168.1.63
Highest Host ID: 192.168.1.62
LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
Table 50 Subnet 2
IP/SUBNET MASK
NETWORK NUMBER
LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
IP Address
192.168.1.
64
IP Address (Binary)
11000000.10101000.00000001.
01000000
Subnet Mask (Binary)
11111111.11111111.11111111.
11000000
Subnet Address:
192.168.1.64
Lowest Host ID: 192.168.1.65
Broadcast Address:
192.168.1.127
Highest Host ID: 192.168.1.126
Table 51 Subnet 3
IP/SUBNET MASK
NETWORK NUMBER
LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
IP Address
192.168.1.
128
IP Address (Binary)
11000000.10101000.00000001.
10000000
Subnet Mask (Binary)
11111111.11111111.11111111.
11000000
Subnet Address:
192.168.1.128
Lowest Host ID: 192.168.1.129
Broadcast Address:
192.168.1.191
Highest Host ID: 192.168.1.190
Table 52 Subnet 4
IP/SUBNET MASK
NETWORK NUMBER
LAST OCTET BIT
VALUE
IP Address
192.168.1.
192
IP Address (Binary)
11000000.10101000.00000001.
11000000
Subnet Mask (Binary)
11111111.11111111.11111111.
11000000
Subnet Address:
192.168.1.192
Lowest Host ID: 192.168.1.193
Broadcast Address:
192.168.1.255
Highest Host ID: 192.168.1.254
Example: Eight Subnets
Similarly, use a 27-bit mask to create eight subnets (000, 001, 010, 011, 100, 101, 110 and 111).
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Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting
The following table shows IP address last octet values for each subnet.
Table 53 Eight Subnets
SUBNET
SUBNET
ADDRESS
FIRST ADDRESS
LAST
ADDRESS
BROADCAST
ADDRESS
1
0
1
30
31
2
32
33
62
63
3
64
65
94
95
4
96
97
126
127
5
128
129
158
159
6
160
161
190
191
7
192
193
222
223
8
224
225
254
255
Subnet Planning
The following table is a summary for subnet planning on a network with a 24-bit network number.
Table 54 24-bit Network Number Subnet Planning
NO. “BORROWED”
HOST BITS
SUBNET MASK
NO. SUBNETS
NO. HOSTS PER
SUBNET
1
255.255.255.128 (/25)
2
126
2
255.255.255.192 (/26)
4
62
3
255.255.255.224 (/27)
8
30
4
255.255.255.240 (/28)
16
14
5
255.255.255.248 (/29)
32
6
6
255.255.255.252 (/30)
64
2
7
255.255.255.254 (/31)
128
1
The following table is a summary for subnet planning on a network with a 16-bit network number.
Table 55 16-bit Network Number Subnet Planning
NO. “BORROWED”
HOST BITS
SUBNET MASK
NO. SUBNETS
NO. HOSTS PER
SUBNET
1
255.255.128.0 (/17)
2
32766
2
255.255.192.0 (/18)
4
16382
3
255.255.224.0 (/19)
8
8190
4
255.255.240.0 (/20)
16
4094
5
255.255.248.0 (/21)
32
2046
6
255.255.252.0 (/22)
64
1022
7
255.255.254.0 (/23)
128
510
8
255.255.255.0 (/24)
256
254
9
255.255.255.128 (/25)
512
126
10
255.255.255.192 (/26)
1024
62
11
255.255.255.224 (/27)
2048
30
12
255.255.255.240 (/28)
4096
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Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting
Table 55 16-bit Network Number Subnet Planning (continued)
NO. “BORROWED”
HOST BITS
SUBNET MASK
NO. SUBNETS
NO. HOSTS PER
SUBNET
13
255.255.255.248 (/29)
8192
6
14
255.255.255.252 (/30)
16384
2
15
255.255.255.254 (/31)
32768
1
Configuring IP Addresses
Where you obtain your network number depends on your particular situation. If the ISP or your
network administrator assigns you a block of registered IP addresses, follow their instructions in
selecting the IP addresses and the subnet mask.
If the ISP did not explicitly give you an IP network number, then most likely you have a single user
account and the ISP will assign you a dynamic IP address when the connection is established. If this
is the case, it is recommended that you select a network number from 192.168.0.0 to
192.168.255.0. The Internet Assigned Number Authority (IANA) reserved this block of addresses
specifically for private use; please do not use any other number unless you are told otherwise. You
must also enable Network Address Translation (NAT) on the WAP5605.
Once you have decided on the network number, pick an IP address for your WAP5605 that is easy
to remember (for instance, 192.168.1.1) but make sure that no other device on your network is
using that IP address.
The subnet mask specifies the network number portion of an IP address. Your WAP5605 will
compute the subnet mask automatically based on the IP address that you entered. You don't need
to change the subnet mask computed by the WAP5605 unless you are instructed to do otherwise.
Private IP Addresses
Every machine on the Internet must have a unique address. If your networks are isolated from the
Internet (running only between two branch offices, for example) you can assign any IP addresses to
the hosts without problems. However, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has
reserved the following three blocks of IP addresses specifically for private networks:
• 10.0.0.0
• 172.16.0.0
— 10.255.255.255
— 172.31.255.255
• 192.168.0.0 — 192.168.255.255
You can obtain your IP address from the IANA, from an ISP, or it can be assigned from a private
network. If you belong to a small organization and your Internet access is through an ISP, the ISP
can provide you with the Internet addresses for your local networks. On the other hand, if you are
part of a much larger organization, you should consult your network administrator for the
appropriate IP addresses.
Regardless of your particular situation, do not create an arbitrary IP address; always follow the
guidelines above. For more information on address assignment, please refer to RFC 1597, Address
Allocation for Private Internets and RFC 1466, Guidelines for Management of IP Address Space.
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Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting
IP Address Conflicts
Each device on a network must have a unique IP address. Devices with duplicate IP addresses on
the same network will not be able to access the Internet or other resources. The devices may also
be unreachable through the network.
Conflicting Computer IP Addresses Example
More than one device can not use the same IP address. In the following example computer A has a
static (or fixed) IP address that is the same as the IP address that a DHCP server assigns to
computer B which is a DHCP client. Neither can access the Internet. This problem can be solved by
assigning a different static IP address to computer A or setting computer A to obtain an IP address
automatically.
Figure 84 Conflicting Computer IP Addresses Example
Conflicting Router IP Addresses Example
Since a router connects different networks, it must have interfaces using different network
numbers. For example, if a router is set between a LAN and the Internet (WAN), the router’s LAN
and WAN addresses must be on different subnets. In the following example, the LAN and WAN are
on the same subnet. The LAN computers cannot access the Internet because the router cannot
route between networks.
Figure 85 Conflicting Router IP Addresses Example
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Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting
Conflicting Computer and Router IP Addresses Example
More than one device can not use the same IP address. In the following example, the computer and
the router’s LAN port both use 192.168.1.1 as the IP address. The computer cannot access the
Internet. This problem can be solved by assigning a different IP address to the computer or the
router’s LAN port.
Figure 86 Conflicting Computer and Router IP Addresses Example
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A PPENDIX
C
Setting Up Your Computer’s IP Address
Note: Your specific WAP5605 may not support all of the operating systems described in
this appendix. See the product specifications for more information about which
operating systems are supported.
This appendix shows you how to configure the IP settings on your computer in order for it to be
able to communicate with the other devices on your network. Windows Vista/XP/2000, Mac OS 9/
OS X, and all versions of UNIX/LINUX include the software components you need to use TCP/IP on
your computer.
If you manually assign IP information instead of using a dynamic IP, make sure that your network’s
computers have IP addresses that place them in the same subnet.
In this appendix, you can set up an IP address for:
• Windows XP/NT/2000 on page 127
• Windows Vista on page 131
• Windows 7 on page 135
• Mac OS X: 10.3 and 10.4 on page 139
• Mac OS X: 10.5 and 10.6 on page 142
• Linux: Ubuntu 8 (GNOME) on page 145
• Linux: openSUSE 10.3 (KDE) on page 149
Windows XP/NT/2000
The following example uses the default Windows XP display theme but can also apply to Windows
2000 and Windows NT.
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Appendix C Setting Up Your Computer’s IP Address
128
1
Click Start > Control Panel.
2
In the Control Panel, click the Network Connections icon.
3
Right-click Local Area Connection and then select Properties.
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4
On the General tab, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then click Properties.
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5
The Internet Protocol TCP/IP Properties window opens.
6
Select Obtain an IP address automatically if your network administrator or ISP assigns your IP
address dynamically.
Select Use the following IP Address and fill in the IP address, Subnet mask, and Default
gateway fields if you have a static IP address that was assigned to you by your network
administrator or ISP. You may also have to enter a Preferred DNS server and an Alternate DNS
server, if that information was provided.
7
Click OK to close the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window.
8
Click OK to close the Local Area Connection Properties window.
Verifying Settings
1
Click Start > All Programs > Accessories > Command Prompt.
2
In the Command Prompt window, type "ipconfig" and then press [ENTER].
You can also go to Start > Control Panel > Network Connections, right-click a network
connection, click Status and then click the Support tab to view your IP address and connection
information.
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Windows Vista
This section shows screens from Windows Vista Professional.
1
Click Start > Control Panel.
2
In the Control Panel, click the Network and Internet icon.
3
Click the Network and Sharing Center icon.
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4
Click Manage network connections.
5
Right-click Local Area Connection and then select Properties.
Note: During this procedure, click Continue whenever Windows displays a screen saying
that it needs your permission to continue.
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6
Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and then select Properties.
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7
The Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) Properties window opens.
8
Select Obtain an IP address automatically if your network administrator or ISP assigns your IP
address dynamically.
Select Use the following IP Address and fill in the IP address, Subnet mask, and Default
gateway fields if you have a static IP address that was assigned to you by your network
administrator or ISP. You may also have to enter a Preferred DNS server and an Alternate DNS
server, if that information was provided.Click Advanced.
9
Click OK to close the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window.
10 Click OK to close the Local Area Connection Properties window.
Verifying Settings
1
Click Start > All Programs > Accessories > Command Prompt.
2
In the Command Prompt window, type "ipconfig" and then press [ENTER].
You can also go to Start > Control Panel > Network Connections, right-click a network
connection, click Status and then click the Support tab to view your IP address and connection
information.
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Windows 7
This section shows screens from Windows 7 Enterprise.
1
Click Start > Control Panel.
2
In the Control Panel, click View network status and tasks under the Network and Internet
category.
3
Click Change adapter settings.
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4
Double click Local Area Connection and then select Properties.
Note: During this procedure, click Continue whenever Windows displays a screen saying
that it needs your permission to continue.
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5
Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and then select Properties.
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6
The Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) Properties window opens.
7
Select Obtain an IP address automatically if your network administrator or ISP assigns your IP
address dynamically.
Select Use the following IP Address and fill in the IP address, Subnet mask, and Default
gateway fields if you have a static IP address that was assigned to you by your network
administrator or ISP. You may also have to enter a Preferred DNS server and an Alternate DNS
server, if that information was provided. Click Advanced if you want to configure advanced
settings for IP, DNS and WINS.
8
Click OK to close the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window.
9
Click OK to close the Local Area Connection Properties window.
Verifying Settings
138
1
Click Start > All Programs > Accessories > Command Prompt.
2
In the Command Prompt window, type "ipconfig" and then press [ENTER].
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3
The IP settings are displayed as follows.
Mac OS X: 10.3 and 10.4
The screens in this section are from Mac OS X 10.4 but can also apply to 10.3.
1
Click Apple > System Preferences.
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140
2
In the System Preferences window, click the Network icon.
3
When the Network preferences pane opens, select Built-in Ethernet from the network
connection type list, and then click Configure.
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4
For dynamically assigned settings, select Using DHCP from the Configure IPv4 list in the TCP/IP
tab.
5
For statically assigned settings, do the following:
• From the Configure IPv4 list, select Manually.
• In the IP Address field, type your IP address.
• In the Subnet Mask field, type your subnet mask.
• In the Router field, type the IP address of your device.
6
Click Apply Now and close the window.
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Verifying Settings
Check your TCP/IP properties by clicking Applications > Utilities > Network Utilities, and then
selecting the appropriate Network Interface from the Info tab.
Figure 87 Mac OS X 10.4: Network Utility
Mac OS X: 10.5 and 10.6
The screens in this section are from Mac OS X 10.5 but can also apply to 10.6.
1
142
Click Apple > System Preferences.
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2
In System Preferences, click the Network icon.
3
When the Network preferences pane opens, select Ethernet from the list of available connection
types.
4
From the Configure list, select Using DHCP for dynamically assigned settings.
5
For statically assigned settings, do the following:
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• From the Configure list, select Manually.
• In the IP Address field, enter your IP address.
• In the Subnet Mask field, enter your subnet mask.
• In the Router field, enter the IP address of your WAP5605.
6
144
Click Apply and close the window.
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Verifying Settings
Check your TCP/IP properties by clicking Applications > Utilities > Network Utilities, and then
selecting the appropriate Network interface from the Info tab.
Figure 88 Mac OS X 10.5: Network Utility
Linux: Ubuntu 8 (GNOME)
This section shows you how to configure your computer’s TCP/IP settings in the GNU Object Model
Environment (GNOME) using the Ubuntu 8 Linux distribution. The procedure, screens and file
locations may vary depending on your specific distribution, release version, and individual
configuration. The following screens use the default Ubuntu 8 installation.
Note: Make sure you are logged in as the root administrator.
Follow the steps below to configure your computer IP address in GNOME:
1
Click System > Administration > Network.
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146
2
When the Network Settings window opens, click Unlock to open the Authenticate window. (By
default, the Unlock button is greyed out until clicked.) You cannot make changes to your
configuration unless you first enter your admin password.
3
In the Authenticate window, enter your admin account name and password then click the
Authenticate button.
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4
In the Network Settings window, select the connection that you want to configure, then click
Properties.
5
The Properties dialog box opens.
• In the Configuration list, select Automatic Configuration (DHCP) if you have a dynamic IP
address.
• In the Configuration list, select Static IP address if you have a static IP address. Fill in the
IP address, Subnet mask, and Gateway address fields.
6
Click OK to save the changes and close the Properties dialog box and return to the Network
Settings screen.
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148
7
If you know your DNS server IP address(es), click the DNS tab in the Network Settings window
and then enter the DNS server information in the fields provided.
8
Click the Close button to apply the changes.
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Verifying Settings
Check your TCP/IP properties by clicking System > Administration > Network Tools, and then
selecting the appropriate Network device from the Devices tab. The Interface Statistics
column shows data if your connection is working properly.
Figure 89 Ubuntu 8: Network Tools
Linux: openSUSE 10.3 (KDE)
This section shows you how to configure your computer’s TCP/IP settings in the K Desktop
Environment (KDE) using the openSUSE 10.3 Linux distribution. The procedure, screens and file
locations may vary depending on your specific distribution, release version, and individual
configuration. The following screens use the default openSUSE 10.3 installation.
Note: Make sure you are logged in as the root administrator.
Follow the steps below to configure your computer IP address in the KDE:
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150
1
Click K Menu > Computer > Administrator Settings (YaST).
2
When the Run as Root - KDE su dialog opens, enter the admin password and click OK.
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3
When the YaST Control Center window opens, select Network Devices and then click the
Network Card icon.
4
When the Network Settings window opens, click the Overview tab, select the appropriate
connection Name from the list, and then click the Configure button.
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5
When the Network Card Setup window opens, click the Address tab
Figure 90 openSUSE 10.3: Network Card Setup
6
Select Dynamic Address (DHCP) if you have a dynamic IP address.
Select Statically assigned IP Address if you have a static IP address. Fill in the IP address,
Subnet mask, and Hostname fields.
7
152
Click Next to save the changes and close the Network Card Setup window.
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8
If you know your DNS server IP address(es), click the Hostname/DNS tab in Network Settings
and then enter the DNS server information in the fields provided.
9
Click Finish to save your settings and close the window.
Verifying Settings
Click the KNetwork Manager icon on the Task bar to check your TCP/IP properties. From the
Options sub-menu, select Show Connection Information.
Figure 91 openSUSE 10.3: KNetwork Manager
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When the Connection Status - KNetwork Manager window opens, click the Statistics tab to
see if your connection is working properly.
Figure 92 openSUSE: Connection Status - KNetwork Manager
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A PPENDIX
D
Wireless LANs
Wireless LAN Topologies
This section discusses ad-hoc and infrastructure wireless LAN topologies.
Ad-hoc Wireless LAN Configuration
The simplest WLAN configuration is an independent (Ad-hoc) WLAN that connects a set of
computers with wireless adapters (A, B, C). Any time two or more wireless adapters are within
range of each other, they can set up an independent network, which is commonly referred to as an
ad-hoc network or Independent Basic Service Set (IBSS). The following diagram shows an example
of notebook computers using wireless adapters to form an ad-hoc wireless LAN.
Figure 93 Peer-to-Peer Communication in an Ad-hoc Network
BSS
A Basic Service Set (BSS) exists when all communications between wireless clients or between a
wireless client and a wired network client go through one access point (AP).
Intra-BSS traffic is traffic between wireless clients in the BSS. When Intra-BSS is enabled, wireless
client A and B can access the wired network and communicate with each other. When Intra-BSS is
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disabled, wireless client A and B can still access the wired network but cannot communicate with
each other.
Figure 94 Basic Service Set
ESS
An Extended Service Set (ESS) consists of a series of overlapping BSSs, each containing an access
point, with each access point connected together by a wired network. This wired connection
between APs is called a Distribution System (DS).
This type of wireless LAN topology is called an Infrastructure WLAN. The Access Points not only
provide communication with the wired network but also mediate wireless network traffic in the
immediate neighborhood.
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An ESSID (ESS IDentification) uniquely identifies each ESS. All access points and their associated
wireless clients within the same ESS must have the same ESSID in order to communicate.
Figure 95 Infrastructure WLAN
Channel
A channel is the radio frequency(ies) used by wireless devices to transmit and receive data.
Channels available depend on your geographical area. You may have a choice of channels (for your
region) so you should use a channel different from an adjacent AP (access point) to reduce
interference. Interference occurs when radio signals from different access points overlap causing
interference and degrading performance.
Adjacent channels partially overlap however. To avoid interference due to overlap, your AP should
be on a channel at least five channels away from a channel that an adjacent AP is using. For
example, if your region has 11 channels and an adjacent AP is using channel 1, then you need to
select a channel between 6 or 11.
RTS/CTS
A hidden node occurs when two stations are within range of the same access point, but are not
within range of each other. The following figure illustrates a hidden node. Both stations (STA) are
within range of the access point (AP) or wireless gateway, but out-of-range of each other, so they
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cannot "hear" each other, that is they do not know if the channel is currently being used. Therefore,
they are considered hidden from each other.
Figure 96
RTS/CTS
When station A sends data to the AP, it might not know that the station B is already using the
channel. If these two stations send data at the same time, collisions may occur when both sets of
data arrive at the AP at the same time, resulting in a loss of messages for both stations.
RTS/CTS is designed to prevent collisions due to hidden nodes. An RTS/CTS defines the biggest
size data frame you can send before an RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send) handshake is
invoked.
When a data frame exceeds the RTS/CTS value you set (between 0 to 2432 bytes), the station
that wants to transmit this frame must first send an RTS (Request To Send) message to the AP for
permission to send it. The AP then responds with a CTS (Clear to Send) message to all other
stations within its range to notify them to defer their transmission. It also reserves and confirms
with the requesting station the time frame for the requested transmission.
Stations can send frames smaller than the specified RTS/CTS directly to the AP without the RTS
(Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send) handshake.
You should only configure RTS/CTS if the possibility of hidden nodes exists on your network and
the "cost" of resending large frames is more than the extra network overhead involved in the RTS
(Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send) handshake.
If the RTS/CTS value is greater than the Fragmentation Threshold value (see next), then the
RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send) handshake will never occur as data frames will be
fragmented before they reach RTS/CTS size.
Note: Enabling the RTS Threshold causes redundant network overhead that could
negatively affect the throughput performance instead of providing a remedy.
Fragmentation Threshold
A Fragmentation Threshold is the maximum data fragment size (between 256 and 2432 bytes)
that can be sent in the wireless network before the AP will fragment the packet into smaller data
frames.
A large Fragmentation Threshold is recommended for networks not prone to interference while
you should set a smaller threshold for busy networks or networks that are prone to interference.
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If the Fragmentation Threshold value is smaller than the RTS/CTS value (see previously) you
set then the RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear to Send) handshake will never occur as data frames
will be fragmented before they reach RTS/CTS size.
Preamble Type
Preamble is used to signal that data is coming to the receiver. Short and long refer to the length of
the synchronization field in a packet.
Short preamble increases performance as less time sending preamble means more time for sending
data. All IEEE 802.11 compliant wireless adapters support long preamble, but not all support short
preamble.
Use long preamble if you are unsure what preamble mode other wireless devices on the network
support, and to provide more reliable communications in busy wireless networks.
Use short preamble if you are sure all wireless devices on the network support it, and to provide
more efficient communications.
Use the dynamic setting to automatically use short preamble when all wireless devices on the
network support it, otherwise the WAP5605 uses long preamble.
Note: The wireless devices MUST use the same preamble mode in order to communicate.
IEEE 802.11g Wireless LAN
IEEE 802.11g is fully compatible with the IEEE 802.11b standard. This means an IEEE 802.11b
adapter can interface directly with an IEEE 802.11g access point (and vice versa) at 11 Mbps or
lower depending on range. IEEE 802.11g has several intermediate rate steps between the
maximum and minimum data rates. The IEEE 802.11g data rate and modulation are as follows:
Table 56 IEEE 802.11g
DATA RATE (MBPS)
MODULATION
1
DBPSK (Differential Binary Phase Shift Keyed)
2
DQPSK (Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying)
5.5 / 11
CCK (Complementary Code Keying)
6/9/12/18/24/36/48/
54
OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing)
Wireless Security Overview
Wireless security is vital to your network to protect wireless communication between wireless
clients, access points and the wired network.
Wireless security methods available on the WAP5605 are data encryption, wireless client
authentication, restricting access by device MAC address and hiding the WAP5605 identity.
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The following figure shows the relative effectiveness of these wireless security methods available on
your WAP5605.
Table 57 Wireless Security Levels
SECURITY
LEVEL
Least
Secure
SECURITY TYPE
Unique SSID (Default)
Unique SSID with Hide SSID Enabled
MAC Address Filtering
WEP Encryption
IEEE802.1x EAP with RADIUS Server Authentication
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)
WPA2
Most Secure
Note: You must enable the same wireless security settings on the WAP5605 and on all
wireless clients that you want to associate with it.
IEEE 802.1x
In June 2001, the IEEE 802.1x standard was designed to extend the features of IEEE 802.11 to
support extended authentication as well as providing additional accounting and control features. It
is supported by Windows XP and a number of network devices. Some advantages of IEEE 802.1x
are:
• User based identification that allows for roaming.
• Support for RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service, RFC 2138, 2139) for
centralized user profile and accounting management on a network RADIUS server.
• Support for EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol, RFC 2486) that allows additional
authentication methods to be deployed with no changes to the access point or the wireless
clients.
RADIUS
RADIUS is based on a client-server model that supports authentication, authorization and
accounting. The access point is the client and the server is the RADIUS server. The RADIUS server
handles the following tasks:
• Authentication
Determines the identity of the users.
• Authorization
Determines the network services available to authenticated users once they are connected to the
network.
• Accounting
Keeps track of the client’s network activity.
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RADIUS is a simple package exchange in which your AP acts as a message relay between the
wireless client and the network RADIUS server.
Types of RADIUS Messages
The following types of RADIUS messages are exchanged between the access point and the RADIUS
server for user authentication:
• Access-Request
Sent by an access point requesting authentication.
• Access-Reject
Sent by a RADIUS server rejecting access.
• Access-Accept
Sent by a RADIUS server allowing access.
• Access-Challenge
Sent by a RADIUS server requesting more information in order to allow access. The access point
sends a proper response from the user and then sends another Access-Request message.
The following types of RADIUS messages are exchanged between the access point and the RADIUS
server for user accounting:
• Accounting-Request
Sent by the access point requesting accounting.
• Accounting-Response
Sent by the RADIUS server to indicate that it has started or stopped accounting.
In order to ensure network security, the access point and the RADIUS server use a shared secret
key, which is a password, they both know. The key is not sent over the network. In addition to the
shared key, password information exchanged is also encrypted to protect the network from
unauthorized access.
Types of EAP Authentication
This section discusses some popular authentication types: EAP-MD5, EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS, PEAP and
LEAP. Your wireless LAN device may not support all authentication types.
EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) is an authentication protocol that runs on top of the IEEE
802.1x transport mechanism in order to support multiple types of user authentication. By using EAP
to interact with an EAP-compatible RADIUS server, an access point helps a wireless station and a
RADIUS server perform authentication.
The type of authentication you use depends on the RADIUS server and an intermediary AP(s) that
supports IEEE 802.1x. .
For EAP-TLS authentication type, you must first have a wired connection to the network and obtain
the certificate(s) from a certificate authority (CA). A certificate (also called digital IDs) can be used
to authenticate users and a CA issues certificates and guarantees the identity of each certificate
owner.
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EAP-MD5 (Message-Digest Algorithm 5)
MD5 authentication is the simplest one-way authentication method. The authentication server
sends a challenge to the wireless client. The wireless client ‘proves’ that it knows the password by
encrypting the password with the challenge and sends back the information. Password is not sent in
plain text.
However, MD5 authentication has some weaknesses. Since the authentication server needs to get
the plaintext passwords, the passwords must be stored. Thus someone other than the
authentication server may access the password file. In addition, it is possible to impersonate an
authentication server as MD5 authentication method does not perform mutual authentication.
Finally, MD5 authentication method does not support data encryption with dynamic session key. You
must configure WEP encryption keys for data encryption.
EAP-TLS (Transport Layer Security)
With EAP-TLS, digital certifications are needed by both the server and the wireless clients for
mutual authentication. The server presents a certificate to the client. After validating the identity of
the server, the client sends a different certificate to the server. The exchange of certificates is done
in the open before a secured tunnel is created. This makes user identity vulnerable to passive
attacks. A digital certificate is an electronic ID card that authenticates the sender’s identity.
However, to implement EAP-TLS, you need a Certificate Authority (CA) to handle certificates, which
imposes a management overhead.
EAP-TTLS (Tunneled Transport Layer Service)
EAP-TTLS is an extension of the EAP-TLS authentication that uses certificates for only the serverside authentications to establish a secure connection. Client authentication is then done by sending
username and password through the secure connection, thus client identity is protected. For client
authentication, EAP-TTLS supports EAP methods and legacy authentication methods such as PAP,
CHAP, MS-CHAP and MS-CHAP v2.
PEAP (Protected EAP)
Like EAP-TTLS, server-side certificate authentication is used to establish a secure connection, then
use simple username and password methods through the secured connection to authenticate the
clients, thus hiding client identity. However, PEAP only supports EAP methods, such as EAP-MD5,
EAP-MSCHAPv2 and EAP-GTC (EAP-Generic Token Card), for client authentication. EAP-GTC is
implemented only by Cisco.
LEAP
LEAP (Lightweight Extensible Authentication Protocol) is a Cisco implementation of IEEE 802.1x.
Dynamic WEP Key Exchange
The AP maps a unique key that is generated with the RADIUS server. This key expires when the
wireless connection times out, disconnects or reauthentication times out. A new WEP key is
generated each time reauthentication is performed.
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If this feature is enabled, it is not necessary to configure a default encryption key in the wireless
security configuration screen. You may still configure and store keys, but they will not be used while
dynamic WEP is enabled.
Note: EAP-MD5 cannot be used with Dynamic WEP Key Exchange
For added security, certificate-based authentications (EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS and PEAP) use dynamic
keys for data encryption. They are often deployed in corporate environments, but for public
deployment, a simple user name and password pair is more practical. The following table is a
comparison of the features of authentication types.
Table 58 Comparison of EAP Authentication Types
EAP-MD5
EAP-TLS
EAP-TTLS
PEAP
LEAP
Mutual Authentication
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Certificate – Client
No
Yes
Optional
Optional
No
Certificate – Server
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Dynamic Key Exchange
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Credential Integrity
None
Strong
Strong
Strong
Moderate
Deployment Difficulty
Easy
Hard
Moderate
Moderate
Moderate
Client Identity Protection
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
WPA and WPA2
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is a subset of the IEEE 802.11i standard. WPA2 (IEEE 802.11i) is a
wireless security standard that defines stronger encryption, authentication and key management
than WPA.
Key differences between WPA or WPA2 and WEP are improved data encryption and user
authentication.
If both an AP and the wireless clients support WPA2 and you have an external RADIUS server, use
WPA2 for stronger data encryption. If you don't have an external RADIUS server, you should use
WPA2-PSK (WPA2-Pre-Shared Key) that only requires a single (identical) password entered into
each access point, wireless gateway and wireless client. As long as the passwords match, a wireless
client will be granted access to a WLAN.
If the AP or the wireless clients do not support WPA2, just use WPA or WPA-PSK depending on
whether you have an external RADIUS server or not.
Select WEP only when the AP and/or wireless clients do not support WPA or WPA2. WEP is less
secure than WPA or WPA2.
Encryption
WPA improves data encryption by using Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP), Message Integrity
Check (MIC) and IEEE 802.1x. WPA2 also uses TKIP when required for compatibility reasons, but
offers stronger encryption than TKIP with Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) in the Counter
mode with Cipher block chaining Message authentication code Protocol (CCMP).
TKIP uses 128-bit keys that are dynamically generated and distributed by the authentication server.
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) is a block cipher that uses a 256-bit mathematical algorithm
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called Rijndael. They both include a per-packet key mixing function, a Message Integrity Check
(MIC) named Michael, an extended initialization vector (IV) with sequencing rules, and a re-keying
mechanism.
WPA and WPA2 regularly change and rotate the encryption keys so that the same encryption key is
never used twice.
The RADIUS server distributes a Pairwise Master Key (PMK) key to the AP that then sets up a key
hierarchy and management system, using the PMK to dynamically generate unique data encryption
keys to encrypt every data packet that is wirelessly communicated between the AP and the wireless
clients. This all happens in the background automatically.
The Message Integrity Check (MIC) is designed to prevent an attacker from capturing data packets,
altering them and resending them. The MIC provides a strong mathematical function in which the
receiver and the transmitter each compute and then compare the MIC. If they do not match, it is
assumed that the data has been tampered with and the packet is dropped.
By generating unique data encryption keys for every data packet and by creating an integrity
checking mechanism (MIC), with TKIP and AES it is more difficult to decrypt data on a Wi-Fi
network than WEP and difficult for an intruder to break into the network.
The encryption mechanisms used for WPA(2) and WPA(2)-PSK are the same. The only difference
between the two is that WPA(2)-PSK uses a simple common password, instead of user-specific
credentials. The common-password approach makes WPA(2)-PSK susceptible to brute-force
password-guessing attacks but it’s still an improvement over WEP as it employs a consistent,
single, alphanumeric password to derive a PMK which is used to generate unique temporal
encryption keys. This prevent all wireless devices sharing the same encryption keys. (a weakness of
WEP)
User Authentication
WPA and WPA2 apply IEEE 802.1x and Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) to authenticate
wireless clients using an external RADIUS database. WPA2 reduces the number of key exchange
messages from six to four (CCMP 4-way handshake) and shortens the time required to connect to a
network. Other WPA2 authentication features that are different from WPA include key caching and
pre-authentication. These two features are optional and may not be supported in all wireless
devices.
Key caching allows a wireless client to store the PMK it derived through a successful authentication
with an AP. The wireless client uses the PMK when it tries to connect to the same AP and does not
need to go with the authentication process again.
Pre-authentication enables fast roaming by allowing the wireless client (already connecting to an
AP) to perform IEEE 802.1x authentication with another AP before connecting to it.
Wireless Client WPA Supplicants
A wireless client supplicant is the software that runs on an operating system instructing the wireless
client how to use WPA. At the time of writing, the most widely available supplicant is the WPA patch
for Windows XP, Funk Software's Odyssey client.
The Windows XP patch is a free download that adds WPA capability to Windows XP's built-in "Zero
Configuration" wireless client. However, you must run Windows XP to use it.
164
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Appendix D Wireless LANs
WPA(2) with RADIUS Application Example
To set up WPA(2), you need the IP address of the RADIUS server, its port number (default is 1812),
and the RADIUS shared secret. A WPA(2) application example with an external RADIUS server
looks as follows. "A" is the RADIUS server. "DS" is the distribution system.
1
The AP passes the wireless client's authentication request to the RADIUS server.
2
The RADIUS server then checks the user's identification against its database and grants or denies
network access accordingly.
3
A 256-bit Pairwise Master Key (PMK) is derived from the authentication process by the RADIUS
server and the client.
4
The RADIUS server distributes the PMK to the AP. The AP then sets up a key hierarchy and
management system, using the PMK to dynamically generate unique data encryption keys. The
keys are used to encrypt every data packet that is wirelessly communicated between the AP and
the wireless clients.
Figure 97 WPA(2) with RADIUS Application Example
WPA(2)-PSK Application Example
A WPA(2)-PSK application looks as follows.
1
First enter identical passwords into the AP and all wireless clients. The Pre-Shared Key (PSK) must
consist of between 8 and 63 ASCII characters or 64 hexadecimal characters (including spaces and
symbols).
2
The AP checks each wireless client's password and allows it to join the network only if the password
matches.
3
The AP and wireless clients generate a common PMK (Pairwise Master Key). The key itself is not
sent over the network, but is derived from the PSK and the SSID.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
165
Appendix D Wireless LANs
4
The AP and wireless clients use the TKIP or AES encryption process, the PMK and information
exchanged in a handshake to create temporal encryption keys. They use these keys to encrypt data
exchanged between them.
Figure 98 WPA(2)-PSK Authentication
Security Parameters Summary
Refer to this table to see what other security parameters you should configure for each
authentication method or key management protocol type. MAC address filters are not dependent on
how you configure these security features.
Table 59 Wireless Security Relational Matrix
AUTHENTICATION
ENCRYPTIO
METHOD/ KEY
MANAGEMENT PROTOCOL N METHOD
ENTER
MANUAL KEY
IEEE 802.1X
Open
No
Disable
None
Enable without Dynamic WEP Key
Open
Shared
WEP
WEP
No
Enable with Dynamic WEP Key
Yes
Enable without Dynamic WEP Key
Yes
Disable
No
Enable with Dynamic WEP Key
Yes
Enable without Dynamic WEP Key
Yes
Disable
WPA
TKIP/AES
No
Enable
WPA-PSK
TKIP/AES
Yes
Disable
WPA2
TKIP/AES
No
Enable
WPA2-PSK
TKIP/AES
Yes
Disable
Antenna Overview
An antenna couples RF signals onto air. A transmitter within a wireless device sends an RF signal to
the antenna, which propagates the signal through the air. The antenna also operates in reverse by
capturing RF signals from the air.
166
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Appendix D Wireless LANs
Positioning the antennas properly increases the range and coverage area of a wireless LAN.
Antenna Characteristics
Frequency
An antenna in the frequency of 5GHz is needed to communicate efficiently in a wireless LAN.
Radiation Pattern
A radiation pattern is a diagram that allows you to visualize the shape of the antenna’s coverage
area.
Antenna Gain
Antenna gain, measured in dB (decibel), is the increase in coverage within the RF beam width.
Higher antenna gain improves the range of the signal for better communications.
For an indoor site, each 1 dB increase in antenna gain results in a range increase of approximately
2.5%. For an unobstructed outdoor site, each 1dB increase in gain results in a range increase of
approximately 5%. Actual results may vary depending on the network environment.
Antenna gain is sometimes specified in dBi, which is how much the antenna increases the signal
power compared to using an isotropic antenna. An isotropic antenna is a theoretical perfect antenna
that sends out radio signals equally well in all directions. dBi represents the true gain that the
antenna provides.
Types of Antennas for WLAN
There are two types of antennas used for wireless LAN applications.
• Omni-directional antennas send the RF signal out in all directions on a horizontal plane. The
coverage area is torus-shaped (like a donut) which makes these antennas ideal for a room
environment. With a wide coverage area, it is possible to make circular overlapping coverage
areas with multiple access points.
• Directional antennas concentrate the RF signal in a beam, like a flashlight does with the light
from its bulb. The angle of the beam determines the width of the coverage pattern. Angles
typically range from 20 degrees (very directional) to 120 degrees (less directional). Directional
antennas are ideal for hallways and outdoor point-to-point applications.
Positioning Antennas
In general, antennas should be mounted as high as practically possible and free of obstructions. In
point-to–point application, position both antennas at the same height and in a direct line of sight to
each other to attain the best performance.
For omni-directional antennas mounted on a table, desk, and so on, point the antenna up. For
omni-directional antennas mounted on a wall or ceiling, point the antenna down. For a single AP
application, place omni-directional antennas as close to the center of the coverage area as possible.
For directional antennas, point the antenna in the direction of the desired coverage area.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
167
Appendix D Wireless LANs
168
WAP5605 User’s Guide
A PPENDIX
E
Common Services
The following table lists some commonly-used services and their associated protocols and port
numbers. For a comprehensive list of port numbers, ICMP type/code numbers and services, visit
the IANA (Internet Assigned Number Authority) web site.
• Name: This is a short, descriptive name for the service. You can use this one or create a
different one, if you like.
• Protocol: This is the type of IP protocol used by the service. If this is TCP/UDP, then the service
uses the same port number with TCP and UDP. If this is USER-DEFINED, the Port(s) is the IP
protocol number, not the port number.
• Port(s): This value depends on the Protocol. Please refer to RFC 1700 for further information
about port numbers.
• If the Protocol is TCP, UDP, or TCP/UDP, this is the IP port number.
• If the Protocol is USER, this is the IP protocol number.
• Description: This is a brief explanation of the applications that use this service or the situations
in which this service is used.
Table 60 Commonly Used Services
NAME
PROTOCOL
PORT(S)
DESCRIPTION
AH
(IPSEC_TUNNEL)
User-Defined
51
The IPSEC AH (Authentication Header)
tunneling protocol uses this service.
AIM/New-ICQ
TCP
5190
AOL’s Internet Messenger service. It is
also used as a listening port by ICQ.
AUTH
TCP
113
Authentication protocol used by some
servers.
BGP
TCP
179
Border Gateway Protocol.
BOOTP_CLIENT
UDP
68
DHCP Client.
BOOTP_SERVER
UDP
67
DHCP Server.
CU-SEEME
TCP
7648
A popular videoconferencing solution from
White Pines Software.
UDP
24032
DNS
TCP/UDP
53
Domain Name Server, a service that
matches web names (for example
www.zyxel.com) to IP numbers.
ESP
(IPSEC_TUNNEL)
User-Defined
50
The IPSEC ESP (Encapsulation Security
Protocol) tunneling protocol uses this
service.
FINGER
TCP
79
Finger is a UNIX or Internet related
command that can be used to find out if a
user is logged on.
FTP
TCP
20
TCP
21
File Transfer Program, a program to enable
fast transfer of files, including large files
that may not be possible by e-mail.
TCP
1720
NetMeeting uses this protocol.
H.323
WAP5605 User’s Guide
169
Appendix E Common Services
Table 60 Commonly Used Services (continued)
170
NAME
PROTOCOL
PORT(S)
DESCRIPTION
HTTP
TCP
80
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol - a client/
server protocol for the world wide web.
HTTPS
TCP
443
HTTPS is a secured http session often used
in e-commerce.
ICMP
User-Defined
1
Internet Control Message Protocol is often
used for diagnostic or routing purposes.
ICQ
UDP
4000
This is a popular Internet chat program.
IGMP (MULTICAST)
User-Defined
2
Internet Group Management Protocol is
used when sending packets to a specific
group of hosts.
IKE
UDP
500
The Internet Key Exchange algorithm is
used for key distribution and
management.
IRC
TCP/UDP
6667
This is another popular Internet chat
program.
MSN Messenger
TCP
1863
Microsoft Networks’ messenger service
uses this protocol.
NEW-ICQ
TCP
5190
An Internet chat program.
NEWS
TCP
144
A protocol for news groups.
NFS
UDP
2049
Network File System - NFS is a client/
server distributed file service that provides
transparent file sharing for network
environments.
NNTP
TCP
119
Network News Transport Protocol is the
delivery mechanism for the USENET
newsgroup service.
PING
User-Defined
1
Packet INternet Groper is a protocol that
sends out ICMP echo requests to test
whether or not a remote host is reachable.
POP3
TCP
110
Post Office Protocol version 3 lets a client
computer get e-mail from a POP3 server
through a temporary connection (TCP/IP
or other).
PPTP
TCP
1723
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol enables
secure transfer of data over public
networks. This is the control channel.
PPTP_TUNNEL
(GRE)
User-Defined
47
PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol)
enables secure transfer of data over public
networks. This is the data channel.
RCMD
TCP
512
Remote Command Service.
REAL_AUDIO
TCP
7070
A streaming audio service that enables
real time sound over the web.
REXEC
TCP
514
Remote Execution Daemon.
RLOGIN
TCP
513
Remote Login.
RTELNET
TCP
107
Remote Telnet.
RTSP
TCP/UDP
554
The Real Time Streaming (media control)
Protocol (RTSP) is a remote control for
multimedia on the Internet.
SFTP
TCP
115
Simple File Transfer Protocol.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Appendix E Common Services
Table 60 Commonly Used Services (continued)
NAME
PROTOCOL
PORT(S)
DESCRIPTION
SMTP
TCP
25
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol is the
message-exchange standard for the
Internet. SMTP enables you to move
messages from one e-mail server to
another.
SNMP
TCP/UDP
161
Simple Network Management Program.
SNMP-TRAPS
TCP/UDP
162
Traps for use with the SNMP (RFC:1215).
SQL-NET
TCP
1521
Structured Query Language is an interface
to access data on many different types of
database systems, including mainframes,
midrange systems, UNIX systems and
network servers.
SSH
TCP/UDP
22
Secure Shell Remote Login Program.
STRM WORKS
UDP
1558
Stream Works Protocol.
SYSLOG
UDP
514
Syslog allows you to send system logs to a
UNIX server.
TACACS
UDP
49
Login Host Protocol used for (Terminal
Access Controller Access Control System).
TELNET
TCP
23
Telnet is the login and terminal emulation
protocol common on the Internet and in
UNIX environments. It operates over TCP/
IP networks. Its primary function is to
allow users to log into remote host
systems.
TFTP
UDP
69
Trivial File Transfer Protocol is an Internet
file transfer protocol similar to FTP, but
uses the UDP (User Datagram Protocol)
rather than TCP (Transmission Control
Protocol).
VDOLIVE
TCP
7000
Another videoconferencing solution.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
171
Appendix E Common Services
172
WAP5605 User’s Guide
A PPENDIX
F
Legal Information
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
The contents of this publication may not be reproduced in any part or as a whole, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, translated into
any language, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, photocopying, manual, or
otherwise, without the prior written permission of ZyXEL Communications Corporation.
Published by ZyXEL Communications Corporation. All rights reserved.
Disclaimer
ZyXEL does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any products, or software described herein. Neither does it
convey any license under its patent rights nor the patent rights of others. ZyXEL further reserves the right to make changes in any
products described herein without notice. This publication is subject to change without notice.
Certifications
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Interference Statement
The device complies with Part 15 of FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
• This device may not cause harmful interference.
• This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operations.
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These
limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This device generates, uses,
and can radiate radio frequency energy, and if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this device does cause harmful interference to radio/television reception, which can be determined by turning the device off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
1
2
3
4
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement
•
•
•
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
IEEE 802.11n (20MHz) operation of this product in the U.S.A. is firmware-limited to channels 1 through 11. IEEE 802.11n (40MHz)
operation of this product in the U.S.A. is firmware-limited to channels 3 through 9.
To comply with FCC RF exposure compliance requirements, a separation distance of at least 20 cm must be maintained between the
antenna of this device and all persons.
注意 !
依據
低功率電波輻射性電機管理辦法
第十二條 經型式認證合格之低功率射頻電機,非經許可,公司、商號或使用
者均不得擅自變更頻率、加大功率或變更原設計之特性及功能。
第十四條 低功率射頻電機之使用不得影響飛航安全及干擾合法通信;經發現
有干擾現象時,應立即停用,並改善至無干擾時方得繼續使用。
前項合法通信,指依電信規定作業之無線電信。低功率射頻電機須忍
受合法通信或工業、科學及醫療用電波輻射性電機設備之干擾。
本機限在不干擾合法電臺與不受被干擾保障條件下於室內使用。
減少電磁波影響,請妥適使用。
Notices
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate the
equipment.
This device is designed for the WLAN 5 GHz networks throughout the EC region and Switzerland, with restrictions in France.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
173
Appendix F Legal Information
Ce produit est conçu pour les bandes de fréquences 5 GHz conformément à la législation Européenne. En France métropolitaine, suivant
les décisions n°03-908 et 03-909 de l’ARCEP, la puissance d’émission ne devra pas dépasser 10 mW (10 dB) dans le cadre d’une
installation WiFi en extérieur pour les fréquences comprises entre 2454 MHz et 2483,5 MHz.
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
Industry Canada Statement
This device complies with RSS-210 of the Industry Canada Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1
2
this device may not cause interference and
this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device
This device has been designed to operate with an antenna having a maximum gain of 2dBi.
Antenna having a higher gain is strictly prohibited per regulations of Industry Canada. The required antenna impedance is 50 ohms.
To reduce potential radio interference to other users, the antenna type and its gain should be so chosen that the EIRP is not more than
required for successful communication.
IMPORTANT NOTE
Device for the band 5150-5250 MHz is only for indoor usage to reduce potential for harmful interference to co-channel mobile satellite
systems; users should also be cautioned to take note that high-power radars are allocated as primary users (meaning they have priority)
of the bands 5250-5350 MHz and 5650-5850 MHz and these radars could cause interference and/or damage to LE-LAN devices.
IC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with IC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment. This equipment should be installed
and operated with minimum distance 20cm between the radiator & your body.
Viewing Certifications
Go to http://www.zyxel.com to view this product’s documentation and certifications.
ZyXEL Limited Warranty
ZyXEL warrants to the original end user (purchaser) that this product is free from any defects in materials or workmanship for a period of
up to two years from the date of purchase. During the warranty period, and upon proof of purchase, should the product have indications
of failure due to faulty workmanship and/or materials, ZyXEL will, at its discretion, repair or replace the defective products or components
without charge for either parts or labor, and to whatever extent it shall deem necessary to restore the product or components to proper
operating condition. Any replacement will consist of a new or re-manufactured functionally equivalent product of equal or higher value,
and will be solely at the discretion of ZyXEL. This warranty shall not apply if the product has been modified, misused, tampered with,
damaged by an act of God, or subjected to abnormal working conditions.
Note
Repair or replacement, as provided under this warranty, is the exclusive remedy of the purchaser. This warranty is in lieu of all other
warranties, express or implied, including any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular use or purpose. ZyXEL shall in
no event be held liable for indirect or consequential damages of any kind to the purchaser.
To obtain the services of this warranty, contact your vendor. You may also refer to the warranty policy for the region in which you bought
the device at http://www.zyxel.com/web/support_warranty_info.php.
Registration
Register your product online to receive e-mail notices of firmware upgrades and information at www.zyxel.com for global products, or at
www.us.zyxel.com for North American products.
Open Source Licenses
This product contains in part some free software distributed under GPL license terms and/or GPL like licenses. Open source licenses are
provided with the firmware package. You can download the latest firmware at www.zyxel.com. To obtain the source code covered under
those Licenses, please contact support@zyxel.com.tw to get it.
Regulatory Information
European Union
The following information applies if you use the product within the European Union.
Declaration of Conformity with Regard to EU Directive 1999/5/EC (R&TTE Directive)
Compliance Information for 2.4GHz and 5GHz Wireless Products Relevant to the EU and Other Countries Following the EU Directive 1999/5/EC
(R&TTE Directive)
174
[Czech]
ZyXEL tímto prohlašuje, že tento zařízení je ve shodě se základními požadavky a dalšími příslušnými ustanoveními
směrnice 1999/5/EC.
[Danish]
Undertegnede ZyXEL erklærer herved, at følgende udstyr udstyr overholder de væsentlige krav og øvrige relevante
krav i direktiv 1999/5/EF.
[German]
Hiermit erklärt ZyXEL, dass sich das Gerät Ausstattung in Übereinstimmung mit den grundlegenden Anforderungen
und den übrigen einschlägigen Bestimmungen der Richtlinie 1999/5/EU befindet.
[Estonian]
Käesolevaga kinnitab ZyXEL seadme seadmed vastavust direktiivi 1999/5/EÜ põhinõuetele ja nimetatud direktiivist
tulenevatele teistele asjakohastele sätetele.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Appendix F Legal Information
English
Hereby, ZyXEL declares that this equipment is in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant
provisions of Directive 1999/5/EC.
[Spanish]
Por medio de la presente ZyXEL declara que el equipo cumple con los requisitos esenciales y cualesquiera otras
disposiciones aplicables o exigibles de la Directiva 1999/5/CE.
[Greek]
ΜΕ ΤΗΝ ΠΑΡΟΥΣΑ ZyXEL ΔΗΛΩΝΕΙ ΟΤΙ εξοπλισμός ΣΥΜΜΟΡΦΩΝΕΤΑΙ ΠΡΟΣ ΤΙΣ ΟΥΣΙΩΔΕΙΣ ΑΠΑΙΤΗΣΕΙΣ ΚΑΙ ΤΙΣ
ΛΟΙΠΕΣ ΣΧΕΤΙΚΕΣ ΔΙΑΤΑΞΕΙΣ ΤΗΣ ΟΔΗΓΙΑΣ 1999/5/ΕC.
[French]
Par la présente ZyXEL déclare que l'appareil équipements est conforme aux exigences essentielles et aux autres
dispositions pertinentes de la directive 1999/5/EC.
[Italian]
Con la presente ZyXEL dichiara che questo attrezzatura è conforme ai requisiti essenziali ed alle altre disposizioni
pertinenti stabilite dalla direttiva 1999/5/CE.
[Latvian]
Ar šo ZyXEL deklarē, ka iekārtas atbilst Direktīvas 1999/5/EK būtiskajām prasībām un citiem ar to saistītajiem
noteikumiem.
[Lithuanian]
Šiuo ZyXEL deklaruoja, kad šis įranga atitinka esminius reikalavimus ir kitas 1999/5/EB Direktyvos nuostatas.
[Dutch]
Hierbij verklaart ZyXEL dat het toestel uitrusting in overeenstemming is met de essentiële eisen en de andere
relevante bepalingen van richtlijn 1999/5/EC.
[Maltese]
Hawnhekk, ZyXEL, jiddikjara li dan tagħmir jikkonforma mal-ħtiġijiet essenzjali u ma provvedimenti oħrajn relevanti li
hemm fid-Dirrettiva 1999/5/EC.
[Hungarian]
Alulírott, ZyXEL nyilatkozom, hogy a berendezés megfelel a vonatkozó alapvetõ követelményeknek és az 1999/5/EK
irányelv egyéb elõírásainak.
[Polish]
Niniejszym ZyXEL oświadcza, że sprzęt jest zgodny z zasadniczymi wymogami oraz pozostałymi stosownymi
postanowieniami Dyrektywy 1999/5/EC.
[Portuguese]
ZyXEL declara que este equipamento está conforme com os requisitos essenciais e outras disposições da Directiva
1999/5/EC.
[Slovenian]
ZyXEL izjavlja, da je ta oprema v skladu z bistvenimi zahtevami in ostalimi relevantnimi določili direktive 1999/5/EC.
[Slovak]
ZyXEL týmto vyhlasuje, že zariadenia spĺňa základné požiadavky a všetky príslušné ustanovenia Smernice 1999/5/EC.
[Finnish]
ZyXEL vakuuttaa täten että laitteet tyyppinen laite on direktiivin 1999/5/EY oleellisten vaatimusten ja sitä koskevien
direktiivin muiden ehtojen mukainen.
[Swedish]
Härmed intygar ZyXEL att denna utrustning står I överensstämmelse med de väsentliga egenskapskrav och övriga
relevanta bestämmelser som framgår av direktiv 1999/5/EC.
[Bulgarian]
С настоящото ZyXEL декларира, че това оборудване е в съответствие със съществените изисквания и другите
приложими разпоредбите на Директива 1999/5/ЕC.
[Icelandic]
Hér með lýsir, ZyXEL því yfir að þessi búnaður er í samræmi við grunnkröfur og önnur viðeigandi ákvæði tilskipunar
1999/5/EC.
[Norwegian]
Erklærer herved ZyXEL at dette utstyret er I samsvar med de grunnleggende kravene og andre relevante
bestemmelser I direktiv 1999/5/EF.
[Romanian]
Prin prezenta, ZyXEL declară că acest echipament este în conformitate cu cerinţele esenţiale şi alte prevederi
relevante ale Directivei 1999/5/EC.
National Restrictions
This product may be used in all EU countries (and other countries following the EU directive 1999/5/EC) without any limitation except for
the countries mentioned below:
Ce produit peut être utilisé dans tous les pays de l’UE (et dans tous les pays ayant transposés la directive 1999/5/CE) sans aucune
limitation, excepté pour les pays mentionnés ci-dessous:
Questo prodotto è utilizzabile in tutte i paesi EU (ed in tutti gli altri paesi che seguono le direttive EU 1999/5/EC) senza nessuna
limitazione, eccetto per i paesii menzionati di seguito:
Das Produkt kann in allen EU Staaten ohne Einschränkungen eingesetzt werden (sowie in anderen Staaten die der EU Direktive 1995/5/CE
folgen) mit Außnahme der folgenden aufgeführten Staaten:
In the majority of the EU and other European countries, the 2, 4- and 5-GHz bands have been made available for the use of wireless local
area networks (LANs). Later in this document you will find an overview of countries inwhich additional restrictions or requirements or both
are applicable.
The requirements for any country may evolve. ZyXEL recommends that you check with the local authorities for the latest status of their
national regulations for both the 2,4- and 5-GHz wireless LANs.
The following countries have restrictions and/or requirements in addition to those given in the table labeled “Overview of Regulatory
Requirements for Wireless LANs”:.
Overview of Regulatory Requirements for Wireless LANs
Frequency Band (MHz)
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Max Power Level (EIRP)1 (mW)
Indoor ONLY
Indoor and Outdoor
175
Appendix F Legal Information
2400-2483.5
100
5150-5350
200
5470-5725
1000
V
V
V
Belgium
The Belgian Institute for Postal Services and Telecommunications (BIPT) must be notified of any outdoor wireless link having a range
exceeding 300 meters. Please check http://www.bipt.be for more details.
Draadloze verbindingen voor buitengebruik en met een reikwijdte van meer dan 300 meter dienen aangemeld te worden bij het Belgisch
Instituut voor postdiensten en telecommunicatie (BIPT). Zie http://www.bipt.be voor meer gegevens.
Les liaisons sans fil pour une utilisation en extérieur d’une distance supérieure à 300 mètres doivent être notifiées à l’Institut Belge des
services Postaux et des Télécommunications (IBPT). Visitez http://www.ibpt.be pour de plus amples détails.
Denmark
In Denmark, the band 5150 - 5350 MHz is also allowed for outdoor usage.
I Danmark må frekvensbåndet 5150 - 5350 også anvendes udendørs.
France
For 2.4 GHz, the output power is restricted to 10 mW EIRP when the product is used outdoors in the band 2454 - 2483.5 MHz. There are
no restrictions when used indoors or in other parts of the 2.4 GHz band. Check http://www.arcep.fr/ for more details.
Pour la bande 2.4 GHz, la puissance est limitée à 10 mW en p.i.r.e. pour les équipements utilisés en extérieur dans la bande 2454 2483.5 MHz. Il n'y a pas de restrictions pour des utilisations en intérieur ou dans d'autres parties de la bande 2.4 GHz. Consultez http://
www.arcep.fr/ pour de plus amples détails.
R&TTE 1999/5/EC
WLAN 2.4 – 2.4835 GHz
IEEE 802.11 b/g/n
Location
Frequency Range(GHz)
Power (EIRP)
Indoor (No restrictions)
2.4 – 2.4835
100mW (20dBm)
Outdoor
2.4 – 2.454
100mW (20dBm)
2.454 – 2.4835
10mW (10dBm)
Italy
This product meets the National Radio Interface and the requirements specified in the National Frequency Allocation Table for Italy. Unless
this wireless LAN product is operating within the boundaries of the owner's property, its use requires a “general authorization.” Please
check http://www.sviluppoeconomico.gov.it/ for more details.
Questo prodotto è conforme alla specifiche di Interfaccia Radio Nazionali e rispetta il Piano Nazionale di ripartizione delle frequenze in
Italia. Se non viene installato all 'interno del proprio fondo, l'utilizzo di prodotti Wireless LAN richiede una “Autorizzazione Generale”.
Consultare http://www.sviluppoeconomico.gov.it/ per maggiori dettagli.
Latvia
The outdoor usage of the 2.4 GHz band requires an authorization from the Electronic Communications Office. Please check http://
www.esd.lv for more details.
2.4 GHz frekvenèu joslas izmantoðanai ârpus telpâm nepiecieðama atïauja no Elektronisko sakaru direkcijas. Vairâk informâcijas: http://www.esd.lv.
Notes:
1. Although Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein are not EU member states, the EU Directive 1999/5/EC has also been implemented in
those countries.
2. The regulatory limits for maximum output power are specified in EIRP. The EIRP level (in dBm) of a device can be calculated by adding
the gain of the antenna used(specified in dBi) to the output power available at the connector (specified in dBm).
176
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Appendix F Legal Information
List of national codes
COUNTRY
ISO 3166 2 LETTER CODE
COUNTRY
ISO 3166 2 LETTER CODE
Austria
AT
Malta
MT
Belgium
BE
Netherlands
NL
Cyprus
CY
Poland
PL
PT
Czech Republic
CR
Portugal
Denmark
DK
Slovakia
SK
Estonia
EE
Slovenia
SI
Finland
FI
Spain
ES
France
FR
Sweden
SE
Germany
DE
United Kingdom
GB
Greece
GR
Iceland
IS
Hungary
HU
Liechtenstein
LI
Ireland
IE
Norway
NO
Italy
IT
Switzerland
CH
Latvia
LV
Bulgaria
BG
Lithuania
LT
Romania
RO
Luxembourg
LU
Turkey
TR
Safety Warnings
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do NOT use this product near water, for example, in a wet basement or near a swimming pool.
Do NOT expose your device to dampness, dust or corrosive liquids.
Do NOT store things on the device.
Do NOT install, use, or service this device during a thunderstorm. There is a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.
Connect ONLY suitable accessories to the device.
Do NOT open the device or unit. Opening or removing covers can expose you to dangerous high voltage points or other risks. ONLY
qualified service personnel should service or disassemble this device. Please contact your vendor for further information.
Make sure to connect the cables to the correct ports.
Place connecting cables carefully so that no one will step on them or stumble over them.
Always disconnect all cables from this device before servicing or disassembling.
Use ONLY an appropriate power adaptor or cord for your device.
Connect the power adaptor or cord to the right supply voltage (for example, 110V AC in North America or 230V AC in Europe).
Do NOT allow anything to rest on the power adaptor or cord and do NOT place the product where anyone can walk on the power
adaptor or cord.
Do NOT use the device if the power adaptor or cord is damaged as it might cause electrocution.
If the power adaptor or cord is damaged, remove it from the power outlet.
Do NOT attempt to repair the power adaptor or cord. Contact your local vendor to order a new one.
Do not use the device outside, and make sure all the connections are indoors. There is a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.
Do NOT obstruct the device ventilation slots, as insufficient airflow may harm your device.
Antenna Warning! This device meets ETSI and FCC certification requirements when using the included antenna(s). Only use the
included antenna(s).
If you wall mount your device, make sure that no electrical lines, gas or water pipes will be damaged.
Your product is marked with this symbol, which is known as the WEEE mark. WEEE stands for Waste Electronics and Electrical
Equipment. It means that used electrical and electronic products should not be mixed with general waste. Used electrical and
electronic equipment should be treated separately.
WAP5605 User’s Guide
177
Appendix F Legal Information
178
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Index
Index
A
Advanced Encryption Standard
See AES.
AES 163
CTS (Clear to Send) 158
D
alternative subnet mask notation 119
Daylight saving 94
antenna
directional 167
gain 167
omni-directional 167
disclaimer 173
AP 11
documentation
related 2
dynamic WEP key exchange 162
AP (access point) 157
AP Mode
menu 33
status screen 31, 37
E
AP+Bridge 11
EAP Authentication 161
B
Basic Service Set, See BSS 155
encryption 75, 163
key 75
WPA compatible 75
ESS 156
Extended Service Set, See ESS 156
Bridge/Repeater 11
BSS 155
C
CA 162
Certificate Authority
See CA.
certifications 173
notices 173
viewing 174
F
FCC interference statement 173
Firmware upload 94
file extension
using HTTP
firmware version 32, 37
fragmentation threshold 158
Channel 32
G
channel 74, 157
interference 157
General wireless LAN screen 76
Configuration
restore 97
copyright 173
CPU usage 33, 38
WAP5605 User’s Guide
179
Index
H
hidden node 157
MBSSID 11
Media access control 80
Memory usage 33, 38
Message Integrity Check (MIC) 163
mode 11
I
IANA 124
N
IBSS 155
IEEE 802.11g 159
NAT 124
Independent Basic Service Set
See IBSS 155
Navigation Panel 33
navigation panel 33
initialization vector (IV) 164
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
See IANA 124
IP Address 90
IP alias 88
O
Operating Channel 32
operating mode 11
other documentation 2
L
LAN 87
LAN overview 87
P
LAN setup 87
Pairwise Master Key (PMK) 164, 165
LAN TCP/IP 88
port speed 32, 38
Language 97
preamble mode 159
Link type 32, 38
product registration 174
Local Area Network 87
PSK 164
Log 69
logs
settings 70
M
MAC 80
MAC address 74
MAC address filter 74
MAC address filtering 80
MAC filter 80
managing the device
good habits 12
using the web configurator. See web configurator.
using the WPS. See WPS.
180
Q
Quality of Service (QoS) 82
R
RADIUS 160
message types 161
messages 161
shared secret key 161
registration
product 174
WAP5605 User’s Guide
Index
related documentation 2
WEP key 78
Reset button 13
Wi-Fi Protected Access 163
Reset the device 13
Wireless association list 72
Restore configuration 97
wireless client WPA supplicants 164
RTS (Request To Send) 158
threshold 157, 158
wireless LAN scheduling 85
RTS/CTS Threshold 74, 81
S
safety warnings 177
Scheduling 85
Service Set 26, 76
Wireless network
basic guidelines 73
channel 74
encryption 75
example 73
MAC address filter 74
overview 73
security 74
SSID 74
Service Set IDentity. See SSID.
Wireless security 74
overview 74
type 74
SSID 26, 32, 38, 74, 76
wireless security 159
subnet 117
Wireless tutorial 53
WPS 53
Service Set IDentification 26, 76
Subnet Mask 90
subnet mask 118
subnetting 120
Summary
Packet statistics 71
Wireless station status 72
System General Setup 91
System restart 97
T
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) 163
Time setting 93
W
warranty 174
note 174
Web Configurator
how to access 47
Overview 47
WLAN
interference 157
security parameters 166
WLAN button 13
WPA 163
key caching 164
pre-authentication 164
user authentication 164
vs WPA-PSK 164
wireless client supplicant 164
with RADIUS application example 165
WPA compatible 75
WPA2 163
user authentication 164
vs WPA2-PSK 164
wireless client supplicant 164
with RADIUS application example 165
WPA2-Pre-Shared Key 163
WPA2-PSK 163, 164
application example 165
WPA-PSK 163, 164
application example 165
WPS 12
web configurator 12
WEP Encryption 42, 43, 78, 79
WEP encryption 78
WAP5605 User’s Guide
181
Index
182
WAP5605 User’s Guide
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