SERVICES
Plumbing connections............................................................................................................ 57
Plumbing troubleshooting....................................................................................................... 58
SE RVICE S
Water System......................................................................................................................... 54
Fresh level sensor & cleaning................................................................................................... 59
Sensor cleaning instructions................................................................................................... 59
Water pump pressure switch.................................................................................................. 59
Water pump pressure switch adjustment................................................................................ 59
Pressure switch adjustment..................................................................................................... 59
Ultraflow Water Intake Housing............................................................................................... 60
Sanitising water system.......................................................................................................... 61
Water Fault Finding................................................................................................................. 62
Typical gas schematic drawing............................................................................................... 64
Gas ....................................................................................................................................... 65
Types of gas .......................................................................................................................... 67
Gas safety advice .................................................................................................................. 67
Ventilation .............................................................................................................................. 68
Gas Fault Finding ................................................................................................................... 69
Electrical system .................................................................................................................... 70
Overseas connection ............................................................................................................. 70
13 Pin tow vehicle connections ............................................................................................... 71
230V mains electrical equipment power consumption ........................................................... 72
Wiring of connecting cable and caravan mains inlet ................................................................ 73
Typical appliance consumption figures ................................................................................... 74
53
S E RVICE S
WATER SYSTEM
Water system- Introduction
All Swift Group caravans water systems have
been designed around a pump fitted within the
caravan.
This pump provides water pressure within the
caravan, whenever it is switched on and water
is available. The schematic below shows the
basic configuration of the water system with
inboard pump and water tank:
• Two water inlets are fitted on the outside of
the caravan, on the offside. The upper inlet
is used to fill the internal water tank, and the
lower inlet is used to bypass the tank.
• An external pump is supplied with the
caravan, this can be used with the lower inlet
when the onboard pump is being used to draw
water from an external source.
• The same external pump can be used with
the upper inlet, this will transfer water from the
external source to the internal tank.
• When filling the internal tank, monitor the
amount of water in the tank and stop filling
before the tank overflows via the switch on the
control panel.
54
• A White selector valve located close to the
pump is used to select the water supply from
the external source or the internal tank (see
valve positions on the next page). Please see
the label on the bed flap rear, close to the tank
for valve operation. The label is also shown
below.
The inboard pump draws water from
whichever water source is in use.
• The control panel above the door has
buttons to turn on and off both the internal and
external pumps.
When power is supplied to the pump, it will
draw water from a selected source, and
pump it to the caravan taps, shower and
water heater. The pump is fitted with its own
pressure switch, and the pump will continue
to pump water, until the pressure of water on
the output of the pump reaches a pre-set level.
For this pressure to be achieved, the taps
must be closed.
When the taps are opened, water will leave
the tap via the spout, and the pressure in the
pipes between the pump and the taps will
reduce. Because of this reduction in pressure,
WATER TANKS
Close to the pump, the water under pressure
is split into two paths:
SE RVICE S
the pressure switch on the pump will switch
back on and the pump will again run to pump
more water.
1. Through blue water pipes routed directly to
the cold connection of each tap.
2. To the water heater. Water from the pump
enters the bottom of the water heater. Once
the water fills the water heater (typically 10
litres), water then leaves the water heater via
a connection at the top of that water heater.
This water, which is still under pressure, then
routes to the hot connection of each tap via
red pipes.
White valve
Water heater
drain valve
Tank drain
valve
Note: The MRO is calculated with the fresh
water tank empty. If you travel with water
in the fresh water tank, the payload will be
reduced accordingly.
55
S E RVICE S
WATER SYSTEM
On Arrival at the campsite /
Priming the system
The caravan water system can be used with
or without the internal water tank. To use the
• Once the control panel shows this level at
1/4 or higher, taps can be used as normal.
caravan without internal water tank:-
• Press the 'water pump' button to switch on
the internal pump.
• Ensure that the external water container is
full.
• Connect the external pump to the lower
connection point on the outside of the
caravan, labelled 'direct to taps'.
• Move the white selector valve close to the
pump anti-clockwise to select the exteral
source
• Close all the taps exceptone, which should
be open in the hot position
• Ensure that the water heater drain valve
and tank drain valve are both in the closed
positions (move the Yellow handles on the
valves fitted near the tank to horizontal
positions)
• Switch the pump on using the button on the
control panel. Water will flow through the
open tap after a short time. This tap can then
be moved to the cold position again, after a
short time, water will flow.
• Repeat the procedure at each tap, including
the external shower point.
To use the caravan with the internal water
tank
• Connect the external pump to the upper
connection point on the outside of the
caravan, labelled 'direct to tank'.
• Ensure that the tank drain valve (which is a
Yellow handled valve identical in appearance
to the water heater drain valve) is in the
closed position- with the handle horizontal.
• Rotate the handle of the white selector valve
clockwise to select internal tank as the water
source.
• Press the 'tank fill' button on the control
panel to transfer water from the external
container to the internal tank.
• Water will now be transferred from the
external container to the internal water tank.
The amount of water within the internal tank
56
can be checked by looking at the water
gauge on the control panel.
• When the control panel display shows the
internal tank as full, or the external container
if empty.
• Press the 'Tank Full' button to switch off the
external pump. refill the external container if
required.
To use the caravan with a mains water
connection
• When using a mains water connection the
pump will still need to be switched on to
supply water to the water heater, taps and
shower
• If a mains water connection is used, please
ensure this is a Truma Waterline connection,
which has a built in pressure reducing valve.
• The waterline connection should be
connected to the lower connection point on
the outside of the caravan, labelled as 'direct
to taps'.
PLUMBING CONNECTIONS
In most cases, speed fittings are used,
which allow easy and quick connection of
water pipes.
SE RVICE S
Plumbing Connections
To connect a pipe to a fitting, simply push the
pipe into the connector. To remove the pipe,
push the collar of the fitting inwards, and then
withdraw the pipe.
To connect a pipe, simply push the pipe into
the connector.
To remove a pipe, push the collar inwards, and
then remove the pipe.
As a note, when refitting the pipe, ensure
the end of the pipe is round (not oval) and
the cut is square. If not, it could lead to
water leaks.
57
S E RVICE S
WATER TROUBLESHOOTING
Troubleshooting
Pump will not start, when the tap is
opened:
• Check fuse(s).
• Check power source(s), and ensure there is
sufficient voltage to run the pump.
• Ensure 'pump' LED is illuminated.
• Using a multi-meter, ensure there is power at
the pump. If not, refer to your dealer as there
maybe damaged cabling or a fault with the
fusebox.
• Is the pump hot? If so, allow to cool
before retrying.
• Has the vehicle been stored over winter?
Was it correctly winterised? If no, the pump
may have frozen, causing permanent
damage.
• The pressure switch may need adjusting.
See page 59-60 on how to do this.
Pump runs, but will not pressurise system
(i.e. no or little water being discharged
from taps) - Not Pulsing:
• Ensure water in source is present (onboard
tank or aqua roll).
• Check in-line pump filter is free from debris
and correctly fitted.
• Ensure water system has been primed
correctly, (see page 56) and there are no airlocks present.
• Ensure there are no restrictions
in the plumbing.
• Using a multi-meter, ensure there is power at
the pump. If not, refer to your dealer as there
maybe damaged cabling or a fault with the
fusebox.
• Ensure the inlet side of the pump (including
Truma inlet and in-line filter)
are watertight and not allowing air into
the system.
• Ensure the pump has good voltage.
• Check (using a mulitmeter) that the voltage
at the pump is between 10v-14.5v.
58
Pump continues to run (for more than 5
seconds) after taps are closed or pump
turns on for no reason:
• Check for leaks on the high pressure side of
the pump.
• Ensure water system has been primed
correctly, (see pages 56) and there are no
air-locks present.
• Ensure the pump is securely mounted.
• Ensure the piping on the high pressure side
of the pump is in good condition (not blowing
or deforming).
• The pressure switch may need adjusting.
See page 59-60 for information on how to
do this.
Noisy or rough operation
• Check for leaks on the high pressure and low
pressure side of the pump.
• Ensure that all pipes (especially those within
150mm of the pump) are not touching any
furniture.
• Ensure the pump is securely mounted.
Pump rapidly cycles (switches on or off)
or water pulses from taps, including temperature pulsing:
• Check for leaks on the high pressure and low
pressure side of the pump.
• Ensure there are no restrictions in the
plumbing
• The pressure switch may need adjusting.
See Section (page 59-60) for information on
how to do this.
WATER SENSOR / PUMP
Suggested scourers - food safe
Principle
Plastic mesh scourer
1. Material: It is made of plastic.
The sensor, fitted to Swift Group caravans
are pre-fitted to water tanks, and link to
the fusebox, via a pre-fitted wiring harness.
The sensors, which consist of a number of
stainless steel rods or probes, at different
lengths, are immersed in the fresh water, and
use the conductivity of water, between the
probes, to provide a reading to the fusebox.
The sensors are 'digital', in that while the
conductivity (resistance) value can vary, the
fusebox will register any conductivity between
the reference probe and the various different
length probes, indicating water present.
Normally, even if the rods are dirty, and
providing the rods have not bridged by a
foreign object, a circuit will still be delivered
back to the fusebox and a water level
displayed.
Sensor cleaning
The first step, in case of fault diagnosis, is
to clean the sensor rods. False water level
reading at the control panel can be caused by
calcium build up or foreign objects within the
tank bridging the probes.
Sensor Cleaning Instructions
Cleaning recommendations for
lime scale build up:
1. Remove sensor from tank.
2. Check probes for build up or contamination.
3. Use clean soapy water.
4. Place scourer in water and dampen.
5. Apply scourer to sensor probe with limited
pressure.
2. Usage: Used for cleaning steel utensils,
dishes, pots, pans, ovens, Bar-B-Que grills,
glass, cutlery,sinks, kitchen and bathroom
tiles and tubs etc.
SE RVICE S
Fresh level sensor & cleaning
Water pump pressure switch
The purpose of a pressure switch is to monitor
the pressure on the outlet side of the pump.
When a tap is closed, and the pump continues
to run, there is an increase of pressure in the
system, and when that pressure reaches a
pre-set limit, the pressure switch will turn the
pump off.
Water pump pressure
switch adjustment
Pressure Switch Adjustment, Truma/Flo-Jet
pump. (Normally Grey upper section with
White lower section/valve housing)
• All of the Truma/Flo-Jet pumps used by Swift
are pre-set at 28psi + / -3psi.
• To further adjust the pressure switch setting,
a cover cap must be first be removed from
the end of the pump to reveal a pressure
adjusting screw, as shown in the photos.
A maximum of 1/4 turn clockwise or
anti-clockwise, from the factory setting, is
advised. Turning the screw clockwise 1/4
turn will increase the pressure switch cut-out
pressure, turning the screw anti-clockwise
will reduce the pressure setting.
• Please note a second screw mounted
below the cover cap is set in position with
threadlock, this should not be disturbed.
6. Rub sensor probe removing contamination.
7. Swill sensor with fresh clean water.
8. Replace probe into tank.
59
S E RVICE S
WATER ULTRAFLOW INTAKE
If the pump fails to deliver water the most likely
cause will be air in the system. Switch off the
pump and shake the pump assembly in the
external water container. Then switch on again.
Cover cap
Pressure switch
adjusting screw
Ultraflow water intake housing
Operating instructions
Raise the lid, clean both the water socket and
the plug of the Intake Assembly.
Plug the intake connector into the socket.
To remove the Intake Assembly from the Water
Intake Housing. To remove, pull the lower
trigger and pull out the hose plug.
! WARNING: Do not remove by pulling the
hose. Please ensure that the lid is properly
closed before driving!
Routine maintenance
Ensure that the O-ring seal on the hose plug
and the socket are free from dirt. To aid fitting
of the plug assembly smear the O-ring with
vegetable oil.
Notes
Before winter storage the water system must
be completely drained (see winterisation /
storage in the maintainence section).
Clean the water system at the start and end
of the season with sterilising fluid (see notes
under sanitising on the following page).
Place the assembly into the water container,
ensuring that it is fully submerged before
operating the system. The Dust cover is to
stop contaminates falling into the
water container.
When water is first introduced, or the water
supply in the internal tank, or aquaroll, runs
out, air will be present in the pipework. It is
important that every tap is run to remove
any air in the system before, for instance, the
shower is used. Air left in pipework local to a
tap can act as an accumulator and affect the
ratio of hot and cold water flowing from other
taps or shower mixers in the system.
60
System care
Allowing water to freeze in the system may
result in damage to the pump and plumbing
system.
Non-Toxic antifreeze for potable water may be
used with Truma pumps. Follow manufacturers
recommendations.
! WARNING: Do not use automotive
antifreeze to winterize potable water
systems. These solutions are highly toxic
and may cause serious injury or death
if ingested.
WATER SYSTEM SANITISING
Guidance on cleaning portable water
tanks and the water system in touring
caravans.
For Systems:
1. Drain down the system (open all taps
to allow air in, enabling the system to
drain quickly).
The water systems, and in particular water
tanks, in caravans are susceptible to
contamination by bacteria if care is not taken
with their use and cleaning. The symptoms
caused by bacterial contamination are not
purely limited to gastro-intestinal diseases,
but may also manifest themselves as ear,
nose, throat, eye or skin infections. It is
therefore important that you carry out the
following procedure prior to using the caravan
each time, even if you boil or filter all water you
use for drinking.
2. Remove any after market water filters fitted,
and replace with a short length of hose or
empty filter cartridge (this will ensure the
filter is not affected by the disinfectant/
sterilant solution).
Separate Water Containers
5. Thoroughly clean the outside of all taps/
connectors with a cloth soaked in the
disinfectant/sterilant.
1. All water remaining in the container
should be disposed of so that the container
is empty.
2. The outside of the container should be
thoroughly cleansed and washed down to
remove any dirt, dust or other contaminant.
Water at a suitably hot temperature
containing an appropriate detergent is
recommended for this purpose.
3. Water should be put in the container, swirled
around, then emptied out.
4. The container should then be totally filled
with water containing an appropriate
sterilant solution and allowed to stand for
the recommended contact time.
5. The solution should be emptied from
the container.
6. The opening of the container should be
cleaned thoroughly with an appropriate
prepared wipe impregnated with a sterilant.
SE RVICE S
Sanitising
3. Fill the system by using the pump with a
disinfectant/sterilant solution (check that
the solution at full strength appears at
all taps/showers). Allow to stand for the
recommended period of time.
4. Drain the system completely.
6. Flush the system through with clean drinking
water until no traces of disinfectant/sterilant
can be detected at any tap.
7. Replace the filter.
Suitable sterilising chemicals are available from
your caravan dealer, accessory shop, chemist
or home-brew shops. It is not, however,
recommended to use bleach or sodium
metabisulphite.
Do not use products that contain aggressive
agents for sterilising the water system. Always
use a product designed for use within stainless
steel tanks available from your caravan
accessory superstore.
NOTE: Never use the water heating system
when disinfectant/sterilising fluid is present.
Doing so may damage the system.
7. The container should be inverted whilst
stored overnight (if possible).
8. The container must be filled with mains
water only and mains water only should be
used for the above cleaning procedure.
9. On no account should garden hoses be
used to fill water tanks.
61
S E RVICE S
WATER FAULTS
Water
Fault
Cause
Remedy
Water not
flowing from
any tap when
operated but
pump runs
Freshwater tank empty
Check
Pump wired in reverse
Check wiring, refer to pump manufacturers
instructions
Pipe inlet or outlet pipe
disconnected
Check connections
Pump pipes restricted
by kinking
Check pipes run
Blockage in pump inlet or
outlet pipe
Check, starting inside freshwater tank
Blocked in-line filter of
pump filter
Dismantle and clean
Air leak in suction line
to pump
Check for bubbles.
Pump or tap
incorrectly wired
Refer to pump/tap manufacturers instructions
Pump fuse blown
Check wiring connection and then replace with
fuse of correct rating
Battery disconnected
Check connections
Pump seized or overheated
Refer to pump manufacturers servicing
instructions
Pressure pump sensing
switch may have failed
Refer to pump manufacturers servicing
instructions
Contacts may be faulty
Check contacts in plug and socket are clean
and making contact
Wiring connections may
be faulty
Check wiring connections
Feed pipe to water heater
incorrectly connected to the
heater outlet
Refer to installation instructions
Blockage in hot pipeline
Disconnect pipes and inspect.
Heater inlet or outlet pipes
kinked preventing flow
Check and re-route if necessary.
Pump does
not run
Water flows
from cold tap
but not from
hot
Hot tap not connected
Hot tap failed or blocked
Heater non-return valve
jammed
62
Check pipe and connect where required.
Disconnect and inspect.
Refer to dealer.
WATER FAULTS
Fault
Cause
Remedy
Water flows
from hot
tap but has
reduced flow
from cold
Cold water pipe kinked
preventing flow
Check and re-route if necessary
Blockage in cold pipe line
Disconnect pipes after 1st connector and
check up to tap
Cold tap not connected
Refer to installation instructions
Cold tap failed or blocked
Disconnect and inspect
Battery condition low
causing pump to
run slowly
Check battery state of charge,
refer to electrical supply note
If new taps have been fitted
they may be restricting flow
Disconnect and check that they have at least
1/4” (6.3mm) bore
Pump needs servicing
Refer to pump servicing instructions
Partially blocked pump filter
or in-line filter, if fitted
Dismantle and clean if necessary
Pump outlet pipe kinked
restricting flow
Check and re-route if necessary
Reduced flow
from both hot
and cold taps
Water leak
Check all water connections
Reduced flow
from either tap
Pipe kinking restricting flow
Check and re-route if necessary
If pump motor
runs steadily
and will not
stop
Battery voltage may be
too low (below 10.5 volts)
Check that there is water in the container
Adjust switch and/or re-charge battery
Check all connections in pipework.
Pressure Switch setting
problem
SE RVICE S
Water
Adjust settings.
63
64
(taps shown in open position)
Alde Appliance
Alde Appliance Gas Isolator
(shown in closed position)
Regulator
2-Way Manifold
Oven + Hob
Fridge
OVEN
Note: Depending on the caravan model, the gas isolation tap for the water heater maybe located close to the appliance.
BBQ
Typical gas schematic drawing withAlde boiler
S E RVICE S
GAS SCHEMATIC
GAS
General information
Gas Cylinders
Bottled Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) is the
most convenient portable source of fuel for
your caravan. Make sure that heating and
cooking appliances and the gas cylinders are
switched off before you move the caravan.
Regularly check flexible gas hose, joints and
connections for tightness.
Finally make sure that each gas appliance is
working efficiently to the recommendations of
the appliance manufacturers.
and BP Gas Light cylinders and two universal
support cradles with straps for retaining the
bodies of the cylinders at mid to high level and
two universal support cradles with straps for
retaining the bodies of the cylinders at mid to
high level.
SE RVICE S
Gas
! WARNING: Ensure that the hose
assembly is not under stress when
connected to the cylinder.
Regulators
Only use gas bottle cylinders that are located
within their dedicated position within the front
gas bottle housing, never extend hose - hose
lengths must not exceed 400mm.
Gas Hoses
A high pressure hose must be used with the
regulator to connect to the gas bottle.
LPG cylinders i.e. Propane, Butane and
Camping Gaz cylinders all have varying
cylinder adaptor connections. It is important to
check you have the correct hose and adaptor
to suit your gas cylinders. Push on hoses are
no longer permitted under the new regulations,
The new high-pressure hoses have threaded
connections and must be securely attached to
the regulator and to the gas cylinder.
Ensure that there is a constant rise in the
flexible gas hose between the gas cylinder
outlet and the regulator elbow.
! WARNING: Inspect flexible gas hose(s)
regularly for deterioration and renew as
necessary with the approved type, in any
case no later than 5 years after the date of
manufacture marked on the hose.
! WARNING: Ensure hoses do not
become entangled in door mechanism.
Cylinder compartment
Your caravan is supplied with a wall mounted
gas regulator plumbed inside the gas cylinder
compartment. The regulator and all appliances
work at a harmonised 30mb pressure, which
work with Butane and Propane gas.
Pressure regulation system in this vehicle has
a fixed working pressure of 30 mbar with a
flow rate of 1.5 kg/h and complies with the
requirements of EN 12864 annex D.
Note: Regulator valves and cylinder valves
should always be in the ‘OFF’ position when
towing and storage.
! WARNING: When leaving the caravan
for any period of time or storage always turn
off the gas at the gas cylinder.
Note: Never allow modification of electrical
or LPG systems and appliances except
by qualified persons at an authorised
Swift Group dealership.
All cylinder compartments have two universal
plastic mouldings fitted to the floor of the
compartment that are designed to fit both steel
65
S E RVICE S
GAS HOSES
DuoControl (Model Specific)
To use safety devices:
1. Open cylinder valve
2. Firmly press the hose rupture protection
(green button) on the high pressure hose
3. If necessary (eg. after a new installation
or inadvertently striking the gas cylinder
against the gas pressure regulation system),
press the green rest button (crash sensor
triggering element reset) on the regulator
The DuoControl combines the gas pressure
regulator and the changeover valve in one unit
for operation as a two-cylinder system. When
the operating cylinder is empty, DuoControl
automatically changes over to the reserve
cylinder.
• Combines a gas pressure regulator and a
changeover valve in one unit
• Automatically switches over to the
reserve cylinder
• Complies with EN 13786
The Truma Drive Safe Regulator approved
for en-route heating
! WARNING: Isolate cylinders when
re-fuelling
General
Regularly check flexible gas hose, joints and
connections for tightness. Finally make sure
that each gas appliance is working efficiently
to the recommendations of the appliance
manufacturers.
The LPG system should be inspected by a
competent person.
Only use gas cylinders that are located within
their dedicated position within the gas bottle
housing, never extend the hose - hose lengths
must not exceed 400mm.
We do not recommend the use of an inline
LPG BBQ when other LPG appliances are in
use.
Safety cut off devices
(Suitable for use when
travelling)
Fig. 1
Approved for en-route heating if your caravan
has a factory fitted habitation en-route LPG
heating system that can be used whilst
travelling. Fig 1 shows the two safety valves
features that are part of the system, these are
there for your safety whilst using the system
when travelling. When in use ensure all other
gas appliances are separately isolated.
66
! WARNING: Unless en-route heating is
in use the LPG cylinder valve should be
closed when driving.
TYPES OF GAS
Propane
Propane is supplied in red, or partly red
bottles which have a female left hand threaded
connector.
Scandinavian countries use the same
connector.
Germany and Austria supply propane with a
male connection.
Propane will work at temperatures as low as
-40°C and is therefore suitable for all winter
caravanning.
Butane
Butane is supplied in the U.K. in green or
blue cylinder.
All these have a male left hand thread
EXCEPT for Camping Gaz which has a special
female right hand thread and Calor 7kg and
15kg and aluminium cylinders which have a
special clip-on connection.
Continental cylinders usually have a male left
hand thread similar to but not identical with
U.K. butane.
Butane is only suitable for use at temperatures
down to 2°C and will not work below that.
Gas safety advice
! WARNING:
If you smell gas or suspect
a leak or in the event of a fire and if it is safe
to do so, isolate the gas appliances and turn
off the gas bottles at the regulator. Evacuate
the caravan and ventilate. Seek professional
advice as to the cause of the leak.
! WARNING: Inside outlet sockets shall
only be used with dedicated appliances
i.e. equipment supplied with the Touring
Caravan. No gas appliances shall be used
outside when connected to an inside socket
Facts about LPG
• LPG is not poisonous.
• Bi-products are harmless.
• There is danger if all air and oxygen
were excluded.
• (Ventilation holes must be kept clear
at all times).
SE RVICE S
Types of gas
• LPG has been given a smell by the
manufacturers in order to identify leaks.
Awning Spaces LPG Appliance Exhaust
There is no danger of pollution of an enclosed
awning space by the LPG exhaust from a
refrigerator venting into it, as awning spaces
are generally well ventilated.
Space heaters may produce sufficient exhaust
to pollute the awning space, if it is totally
enclosed, from a general comfort, smell and
hygiene point of view. In the extreme case
there could be a build up of carbon dioxide to
a dangerous level.
Caravan owners are advised to allow some
fresh air circulation in the awning space when
such appliances are in use.
Precautions
a. Never look for a leak with a match. Always
use a soap solution or its equivalent when
testing connections. Do not operate any
electrical apparatus whatsoever, especially
light switches. If the leak is not obvious, the
caravan should be evacuated and qualified
personnel consulted.
b. Avoid naked lights when connecting or
changing a cylinder.
c. Check the flexible hose frequently.
d. The gas is heavier than air and therefore
sinks to the lowest point.
e. Keep bottle gas containers outside (and
protected against frost). If they must be
kept inside make sure they are well away
from heat.
! WARNING: Do not use appliances with
a different working pressure to 30mbar.
! WARNING: Maintain adequate spacing
of combustible materials from sources
of heat.
67
S E RVICE S
GAS SAFETY
! WARNING: Do not use independent
portable gas appliances inside the vehicle.
Cookers shall not be used as heaters
BLUE - Fridge
GREEN - Oven
fitted, must only be used for the connection
of portable LPG appliances.
Note: the external barbecue point is
fed from the main feed through a built in
integrated isolation valve. See schematic
layout for details (page 64).
! WARNING: Always read individual
appliance instructions
Note: In some installations the water heater
is fitted with a separate isolation valve.
! WARNING: A BBQ point inlet valve, if
Connection
Ventilation
Ensure that the gas regulator hose is correctly
connected to the gas cylinder in gas bottle
compartment and that the hose connection
is tight.
All ventilation complies with BS EN 721 and
vents should not be obstructed in any manner
as this could lead to insufficient fresh air. In
this case the confined atmosphere becomes
depleted of oxygen which could lead to
dangerous levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) build
up leading to risk of asphyxiation.
Gas bottles must be fully located, seated at
the base of the bottles and restrained by the
strap provided in the dedicated compartment
position. Straps are positioned to suit 6kg
Calor Lite cylinders.
! WARNING: If using cylinders other
than those recommended, the user must
ensure these are adequately supported,
ventilation openings must not be obstructed
and the cylinders must not cause damage
to other fixtures and fittings located in the
compartment.
Open ended gas hoses must always be
protected from dirt and insects.
Before turning on the gas supply at the
regulator, ensure that all gas operated
equipment in the caravan is turned off.
ON
OFF
Fig. A
The risks of carbon monoxide (CO) build
up, which is a colourless, odorless and
tasteless gas, will also be reduced with
ventilation. Carbon monoxide is produced
from incomplete combustion and should the
CO detector be activated the cause of the
incomplete combustion must be investigated
prior to reusing the appliance in question.
Thermal insulation heating
Your caravan has been designed and
manufactured to a grade 3 thermal insulation
and heating level for specific climatic
conditions and tested according to the
procedure in EN1645-1.
The classifications are as follows:
All gas equipment (except barbecue and
some water heaters) is supplied through
a central Gas Manifold System which has
individual isolation taps for each appliance
(Fig A), as follows:
68
WHITE - Alde boiler
Grade 1
A caravan with an average thermal
transmittance (u) that does not exceed
1.7w/(m2k).
GAS FAULTS
SE RVICE S
Grade 2
A caravan with an average thermal
transmittance (u) that does not exceed
1.7w/(m2k) and which can achieve an average
temperature difference of at least 20k between
inside and outside temperatures when the
outside temperature is 0°C.
Grade 3
A caravan with an average thermal
transmittance (u) that does not exceed
1.2w/(m2k) and which can achieve an average
temperature difference of at least 35k between
inside and outside temperatures when the
outside temperature is -15°C.
Your caravan has been tested to this grade.
GAS
Fault
Cause
Remedy
Hob does
not light
No gas
Check level of gas in the cylinder
Check gas cylinder valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Air in pipe
Purge system
Refer to hob manufacturers instructions
No gas
Check level of gas in the cylinder
Check gas cylinder valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Air in pipe
Purge system
Refer to oven manufacturers instructions
No gas
Check level of gas in cylinder
Check gas cylinder valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Check exhaust outlet is clear
Over gassed
Air in pipe
Turn off appliance, wait 2 minutes and try
again
Purge system
Refer to boiler manufacturers instructions
No gas
Check level of gas in the cylinder
Check gas cylinder valve is on
Check gas taps are on
Air in pipe
Purge system
Refer to fridge manufacturers instructions
Oven does
not light
Alde boiler will
not light.
Fridge does
not light
69
S E RVICE S
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
The electrical system
General Information
It is strongly advised that the mains installation
is inspected periodically to ensure safe
use. The IET (BS7671) wiring regulations
recommend that mains installations in touring
caravans are re-inspected every 3 years.
The National Caravan Council lists the
qualifications necessary to perform this
inspection, but an NICEIC approved contractor
is probably the first choice.
On arrival at the campsite
• Disconnect hitch and 13 pin plug from the
towing vehicle.
• Place the 13 pin plug in the holder provided
to prevent damage.
• Switch on the main switch at the site supply
point.
Care point: It is good practice to test the RCD
(Residual Current Device) in the PSU before
switching on. There is a test button on the
RCD to test the lever, put the lever in the up
position (on) before testing.
Care point: As with the RCD it is good
practice to check the Miniture Circuit Breaker
(MCB) in the PSU. Switch all to the on position
(lever up). If any do not stay up then there is
a fault.
On departure from the campsite
• Switch off supply from the site, disconnect
the cable at both ends.
• Switch off RCD.
! WARNING: Current consumption in the
caravan must not exceed 16 amps or the
pitch permitted maximum if this is less than
16 amps.
Overseas connection
• Connection to a mains voltage overseas
requires particular attention.
13 pin plug example
•C
heck the suitability of the supply,
is it AC or DC, is the voltage and frequency
correct.
•E
nsure that there is a proper earth
(3 pin socket outlet).
• Reverse polarity results in equipment not
necessarily being isolated when turned off,
reverse polarity indicator on the PSU will light
in the event of reverse polarity.
• If in doubt consult site staff.
• The only sure way to make equipment safe is
to unplug it.
•M
ake sure that the supply from the site is
switched off.
• It is useful to have a means of checking
polarity when overseas.
•M
ake sure that the charger switch on the
PSU is switched off.
• If it can be achieved then connect live to live,
and neutral to neutral to achieve full electrical
protection.
•L
ift the cover on the electricity inlet on the
caravan, and insert the connector on the
flexible supply cable.
•A
t the site supply point, connect the other
end of the supply cable to this using the
socket provided.
70
• Overseas supplies can be of
reverse polarity.
! WARNING: Never allow modifications
of electrical or LPG systems and appliances
except by qualified persons.
13 PIN CONNECTION
When using the 13 pin connector system for
the first time it is worth taking a few minutes
to familiarise yourself with the basic features of
the connectors.
Fig. 1 - Correct
alignment
Fig. 2 - Incorrect
alignment
degrees clockwise until a click is felt or heard,
at this point the cover flap can be allowed to
fall over the circular surface of the plug top.
To remove the plug it is important to rotate the
outer body a full 90 degrees anti-clockwise,
again until a click is heard or felt before
withdrawing the plug from the socket. This will
ensure that the inner and outer parts of the
plug are returned to a locked condition.
SE RVICE S
13 pin connection
If the connector is not fully rotated anticlockwise prior to removing it from the socket
it is possible that the inner ring will become
'floating' and may result in a condition where
the protrusion will be incorrectly aligned (see
fig 2 & 3).
If this situation does occur then it can
be corrected by entering the edge of the
protrusion on the plug into the groove in the
socket (fig 8) and rotating the plug body anticlockwise until a click is felt. This process will
re-establish the lock between the inner and
outer parts allowing the correct insertion of the
plug into the socket.
Fig. 3 - Incorrect
alignment
Fig. 5 - Socket
body (containing
female socket
terminals) fitted to
the car
Fig. 4 - Alignment
marks
The important difference with the new 13 pin
plug, when compared to the old 12N/S type,
is that the plug has an inner ring assembly that
is independent from the outer body. Under
normal circumstances the inner ring and the
outer body will be locked in one position (see
fig 1).
When the plug is first inserted in the socket
body ensure that the locating protrusion (key)
matches the groove (keyway) in the socket
body. The outer body can then rotated a full 90
Fig. 6
71
S E RVICE S
13 PIN CONNECTION
230V mains electrical equipment
power consumption
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Plug inner ring
(containing
male pin
terminals fitted
to the caravan)
Plug outer
body with locating
groove and hood
fitted to the
caravan)
Fig.9
72
Note: It is possible that the 230v mains
electrical equipment may not all operate
simultaneously. A typical UK site mains hook
up point provides a maximum output of 10
amps and on some continental sites the
available output may be as low as 5 amps. If
your loading exceeds the site supply it may
trip the site circuit breaker. Please check the
available mains supply with your site operator.
Similarly loadings on each circuit breaker
within the caravan should be observed. A
label positioned close to the MCB’s (Miniture
Circuit Breakers will identify which appliances
within the caravan are fed from which MCB.
Consulting the typical appliance consumption
figures table in conjunction with this label, will
give an indication of which appliances can,
and cannot, (site supply allowing), be operated
simultaneously.
NEUTRAL BLACK
EARTH GREEN & YELLOW
BROWN
LIVE
EARTH
NEUTRAL
VIEW OF
SOCKET TUBES
LIVE
NEUTRAL
EARTH
LIVE
VIEW OF
PINS
BLUE
NEUTRAL
EARTH
YELLOW & GREEN
BROWN
LIVE
VIEW OF
TERMINALS
FLEXIBLE 3 CORE CABLE 2.5mm2
The legal length of the mains inlet cable is 25 ± 2 metres. When in use it must be fully uncoiled and protected from traffic.
EARTH
GREEN &YELLOW
BLUE
NEUTRAL
VIEW OF
TERMINALS
EARTH
YELLOW & GREEN
BLUE
NEUTRAL
VIEW OF
TERMINALS
BROWN
LIVE
CABLE COUPLER
LIVE RED
EARTH
LIVE
VIEW OF
PINS
NEUTRAL
EARTH GREEN & YELLOW
FIXED WIRING
EARTH
NEUTRAL
VIEW OF
SOCKET TUBES
LIVE
NEUTRAL BLUE
RED
LIVE
LIVE BROWN
FLEXIBLE WIRING
EARTH
GREEN &YELLOW
BLACK
NEUTRAL
VIEW OF
TERMINALS
PITCH SUPPLY
OUTLET
Wiring of connecting cable and caravan mains inlet
SE RVICE S
WIRING OF CONNECTING CABLES AND
CARAVAN MAINS INLET
73
74
1270W
Microwave (Factory fit)
Not applicable
Pressure switched pump
3.0 amp
3.7 amp
5.5 amp
48W
1.0 amp
4.0 amp
0.05 amp - 0.5 amp
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not Applicable
0.4W - 6.1W
12W
Amperes
Only when driving
Watts
12 Volt
Not applicable
Not applicable
Not applicable
125 g/h
117 g/h
Not applicable
70 – 161 g/h
Not Applicable
245 - 460 g/h
16 g/h
grams/hour
LP Gas
Note: These are approximate figures for guidance only, and are subject to changes in specification. The figures show energy consumption when an item or
appliance is operating – i.e. a light is illuminated, or a heating system is providing space heating or water heating. Appliances which feature LCD or illuminated
control panels can have a low current consumption when in stand by mode, or have a constant low current draw in the background to run their displays and
electronic systems - these figures are typically 0.4 amps or less, for each applicable item. These electronic items can in most cases be switched off individually, or,
use of the System Shutdown button on the power supply unit isolates all of these items.
Not applicable
12V LED lights
(each, depending in size of light)
690W
Not applicable
Oven
Battery Charger
Not applicable
Not applicable
Grill
Cooker - Electric Hotplate
850W
1050 / 2100 / 3150W
Alde Heating System
Cooker - Hob burners
0.8 amp
190 W
Dometic Refrigerator
4.6 / 9.1 / 13.7 amp
Amperes
Watts
Appliance/ Item
230 Volt
Typical appliance consumption figures
S E RVICE S
TYPICAL APPLIANCE CONSUMPT ION FIGURES
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