CAD-I-S Rev K
Installation & Service Manual
Models: 40 - 120
WARNING
This manual must only be used by
a qualified heating installer / service
technician. Read all instructions,
in this manual before installing.
Perform steps in the order given.
Failure to comply could result in
severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Save this manual for future reference.
Contents
HAZARD DEFINITIONS .................................................... 2
PLEASE READ BEFORE PROCEEDING ........................ 3
THE CADET HEATING BOILER-- HOW IT WORKS............ 4-5
RATINGS ........................................................................... 6
1. DETERMINE BOILER LOCATION
Provide Clearances ............................................................ 7
Provide Air Openings to Room .......................................... 9
Wall Mounting Location ..................................................... 9
Residential Garage Installation .......................................... 9
Vent and Air Piping ............................................................ 9
Prevent Combustion Air Contamination ............................. 9
Corrosive Contaminants and Sources ............................. 10
Using an Existing Vent System to Install a New Boiler ... 10
Removing a Boiler from Existing Common Vent.............. 11
2. PREPARE BOILER
Gas Conversions .............................................................. 12
Remove Boiler from Wood Pallet ..................................... 13
Mounting the Boiler .......................................................... 13
3. GENERAL VENTING
Direct Venting Options ..................................................... 14
Install Vent and Combustion Air Piping ........................... 15
Sizing................................................................................ 16
Max. Allowable Vent Piping Lengths................................ 16
Materials ........................................................................... 17
Optional Room Air ............................................................ 18
PVC/CPVC ....................................................................... 19
Polypropylene.................................................................... 20
Stainless Steel Vent ......................................................... 21
4. SIDEWALL DIRECT VENTING
Vent/Air Termination - Sidewall ................................... 22-25
Determine Location................................................ 22-23
Prepare Wall Penetrations .......................................... 24
Multiple Vent/Air Terminations ......................................... 24
Sidewall Termination - Optional Concentric Vent ....... 25-27
5. VERTICAL DIRECT VENTING
Vent/Air Termination - Vertical .................................... 28-29
Determine Location..................................................... 28
Prepare Roof Penetrations ......................................... 29
Multiple Vent/Air Terminations ......................................... 29
Vertical Termination - Optional Concentric Vent ......... 30-31
Alternate Vertical Concentric Venting ......................... 32-33
6. HYDRONIC PIPING
System Water Piping Methods ......................................... 34
Low Water Cutoff Device ................................................. 34
Chilled Water System....................................................... 34
Freeze Protection ............................................................. 34
General Piping Information .............................................. 34
Near Boiler Piping Components ....................................... 35
Near Boiler Piping Connections .................................. 36-37
Circulator Sizing ............................................................... 37
7. GAS CONNECTIONS
Connecting Gas Supply Piping ........................................ 42
Natural Gas ...................................................................... 43
Pipe Sizing for Natural Gas ........................................ 43
Natural Gas Supply Pressure Requirements ............. 43
Propane Gas .................................................................... 43
Pipe Sizing for Propane Gas ...................................... 43
Propane Supply Pressure Requirements ................... 43
Check Inlet Gas Supply ................................................... 44
Gas Pressure ................................................................... 45
Gas Valve Replacement .................................................. 45
8. FIELD WIRING
Line Voltage Connections ................................................ 46
Low Voltage Connections ................................................ 46
9. CONDENSATE DISPOSAL
Condensate Drain ............................................................ 51
10. STARTUP ............................................................. 52-56
11. OPERATING INFORMATION
General........................................................................ 57-58
User/Installer Programming Sequence ....................... 59-60
Parameter Table .............................................................. 61
Viewable and Changeable Control Parameters ................ 61
Access Modes / Saving Parameters .......................... 62
Cadet Heating Boiler Control Module ........................ 63
12. MAINTENANCE
Maintenance and Annual Startup ................................ 64-68
13. TROUBLESHOOTING .......................................... 69-79
14. COMBI .................................................................. 80-84
15. DIAGRAMS
Ladder Diagram (Standard) ............................................. 85
Wiring Diagram (Standard) .............................................. 86
Ladder Diagram (Combi)................................................... 87
Wiring Diagram (Combi)................................................... 88
Revision Notes .................................................. Back Cover
Hazard definitions
The following defined terms are used throughout this manual to bring attention to the presence of hazards of various risk levels or
to important information concerning the life of the product.
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious
DANGER injury.
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious
WARNING injury.
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate
CAUTION injury.
CAUTION
NOTICE
2
CAUTION used without the safety alert symbol indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in property damage.
NOTICE indicates special instructions on installation, operation, or maintenance that are important but not
related to personal injury or property damage.
Installation & Service Manual
Please read before proceeding
WARNING
Installer – Read all instructions, in this
manual before installing. Perform steps
in the order given.
User – This manual is for use only
by a qualified heating installer/
service technician. Refer to the User’s
Information Manual for your reference.
Have this boiler serviced/inspected by
a qualified service technician, at least
annually.
Failure to comply with the above could
result in severe personal injury, death or
substantial property damage.
NOTICE
When calling or writing about the boiler
– Please have the boiler model and serial
number from the boiler rating plate.
DO NOT install units in rooms or
environments that contain corrosive
contaminants (see Table 1A on page 10).
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
When servicing boiler –
• To avoid electric shock, disconnect electrical supply
before performing maintenance.
• To avoid severe burns, allow boiler to cool before
performing maintenance.
Boiler operation –
• Do not block flow of combustion or ventilation air to
the boiler.
Consider piping and installation when
determining boiler location.
• Should overheating occur or gas supply fail to shut off,
do not turn off or disconnect electrical supply to
circulator. Instead, shut off the gas supply at a location
external to the appliance.
Any claims for damage or shortage in
shipment must be filed immediately
against the transportation company by
the consignee.
• Do not use this boiler if any part has been under water.
The possible damage to a flooded appliance can be
extensive and present numerous safety hazards. Any
appliance that has been under water must be replaced.
Factory warranty (shipped with unit) does
not apply to units improperly installed or
improperly operated.
WARNING
WARNING
Failure to adhere to the guidelines on this
page can result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
If the information in this manual is not
WARNING
followed exactly, a fire or explosion may
result causing property damage, personal
injury or loss of life.
This appliance MUST NOT be installed in
any location where gasoline or flammable
vapors are likely to be present.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electric switch; do
not use any phone in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier
from a near by phone. Follow the
gas supplier’s instructions.
• If you cannot reach your gas supplier,
call the fire department.
• Installation and service must be
performed by a qualified installer,
service agency, or the gas supplier.
Boiler water –
• Thoroughly flush the system (without boiler
connected) to remove sediment. The high-efficiency
heat exchanger can be damaged by build-up or
corrosion due to sediment.
• Continual fresh make-up water will reduce boiler life.
Mineral buildup in the heat exchanger reduces heat
transfer, overheats the stainless steel heat exchanger,
and causes failure. Addition of oxygen carried in by
makeup water can cause internal corrosion in system
components. Leaks in boiler or piping must be repaired
at once to prevent makeup water.
CAUTION
CAUTION
Do not use petroleum-based cleaning or
sealing compounds in the boiler system.
Gaskets and seals in the system may be
damaged. This can result in substantial
property damage.
Do not use “homemade cures” or “boiler
patent medicines”. Serious damage to
the boiler, personnel, and/or property
may result.
Freeze protection fluids –
• NEVER use automotive antifreeze. Use only inhibited
propylene glycol solutions, which are specifically
formulated for hydronic systems. Ethylene glycol is
toxic and can attack gaskets and seals used in hydronic
systems.
3
Installation & Service Manual
The Cadet Heating Boiler - How it works...
1.
Heat exchanger
Allows system water to flow through specially designed
coils for maximum heat transfer, while providing
protection against flue gas corrosion.
The coils are
encased in a jacket that contains the combustion process.
2.
Combustion chamber access cover
Allows access to the combustion side of the heat
exchanger coils.
3.
Blower
The blower pulls in air and gas through the venturi (item
5). Air and gas mix inside the blower and are pushed into the
burner, where they burn inside the combustion chamber.
4.
Gas valve
The gas valve senses the negative pressure created by the
blower, allowing gas to flow only if the gas valve is
powered and combustion air is flowing.
5.
Venturi
The venturi controls air and gas flow into the burner.
6.
7.
Flue gas sensor (limit rated)
17. Air intake adapter
Allows for the connection of the air intake pipe to
the boiler.
18. High voltage junction box
The junction box contains the connection points for the line
voltage power and all pumps.
19. Manual air vent
Designed to remove trapped air from the heat exchanger
coils.
20. Low voltage connection board
The connection board is used to connect external low voltage
devices.
21. Low voltage wiring connections (knockouts)
Conduit connection
connection board.
points
22. Condensate drain connection
Boiler outlet temperature sensor (limit rated)
23. Front access cover
Boiler inlet temperature sensor
This sensor monitors return water temperature (system
return).
9.
The boiler control responds to internal and external signals
and controls the blower, gas valve, and pumps to meet the
demand.
This sensor monitors the flue gas exit temperature. The control
module will modulate and shut down the boiler if flue gas
temperature gets too hot. This protects the flue pipe from
overheating.
This sensor monitors boiler outlet water temperature (system
supply). The control module will adjust boiler firing rate so the
outlet temperature is correct.
8.
16. Boiler control module
Temperature and pressure gauge (field installed, not
shown)
Monitors the outlet temperature of the boiler as well as the
system water pressure.
10. Electronic LCD display
The electronic display consists of 4 buttons, and a liquid crystal
display. The display is used to make adjustments and read
boiler status.
11. Flue pipe adapter
Allows for the connection of the vent pipe system to the
boiler.
12. Burner (not shown)
Made with metal fiber and stainless steel construction,
the burner uses pre-mixed air and gas and provides a
wide range of firing rates.
13. Water outlet (system supply)
The water outlet is the water connection for water leaving the
boiler and entering the system.
14. Water inlet (system return)
The water inlet is the water connection for water entering the
boiler from the system.
15. Gas connection pipe
Threaded pipe connection of 1/2". This pipe should be
connected to the incoming gas supply for the purpose of
delivering gas to the boiler.
4
for
the
low
voltage
The condensate drain connection provides a connection
point to install a condensate drain line.
Provides access to all internal components.
24. Ignition electrode
Provides direct spark for igniting the burner.
25. Flame inspection window
The quartz glass window provides a view of the burner
surface and flame.
26. Gas shutoff valve
Manual valve used to isolate the gas valve from the gas supply.
27. Relief valve
Protects the heat exchanger from an over pressure condition.
The relief valve provided with the unit is set at 30 psi.
28. Flame sensor
Used by the control module to detect the presence of burner
flame.
29. Line voltage wiring connections (inside junction box)
Conduit connection points for the high voltage junction box.
30. Air pressure switch
The air pressure switch detects blocked inlet conditions.
31. Transformer
The transformer provides 24V power to the integrated control.
32. Heat exchanger thermal fuse (not shown)
Thermal fuse which detects abnormal flue temperatures in the
event there’s no water or water circulation.
CAUTION
In the event the thermal fuse opens, the heat
exchanger MUST BE replaced.
Installation & Service Manual
The Cadet Heating Boiler - How it works...
(continued)
Models 40 - 120
17
11
29
18
22
14
21
13
23
IMG00205
15
26
FRONT OF
BOILER
10
27
IMG00202
Front View
Bottom View
6
19
25
31
2
24
28
1
8
20
7
16
27
18
30
5
14
3
IMG00203
4
21
26
IMG00204
13
Left Side (inside unit)
Right Side (inside unit)
5
Installation & Service Manual
Ratings
A
S
M
E
H
LOW LEAD CONTENT
Cadet Heating Boiler
AHRI Rating
Model Number
Input
MBH
Note: Change
“N” to “L” for
L.P. gas models.
(Note 5)
Other Specifications
Heating
Capacity
MBH
Net
AHRI
Ratings
Water,
MBH
AFUE
%
(Note 2, 8
(Note 3, 8)
(Note 1, 8)
Boiler Water
Water
Gas
Content
Connections Connections
Gallons
Vent/Air
Size
(Note 4)
Min
Max
CDN040
9
40
37
32
94.0
.3
3/4"
1/2"
2"
CDN070
14
70
65
57
94.0
.4
1"
1/2"
2”
CDN100
20
100
93
81
94.0
.5
1"
1/2"
2"
C(C,D)(N)120
24
120
112
97
94.0
.6
1"
1/2"
3"
NOTICE
Maximum allowed working pressure is located on the rating plate.
1. As an Energy Star Partner, the manufacturer has determined
that Cadet heating boilers meet the Energy Star guidelines
for energy efficiency.
7. The Cadet heating boiler input rate, on some models, is
reduced for vent lengths beyond the minimum. Models
CD(N,L)070 and CD(N,L)100 with 2" vent will reduce
1% for every 10 feet of vent. Models CD(N,L)120 with
3" vent will reduce 0.5% for every 10 feet of vent.
2. The ratings are based on standard test procedures prescribed
by the United States Department of Energy.
8. Ratings have been confirmed by the Hydronics Institute,
Section of AHRI.
3. Net AHRI ratings are based on net installed radiation of
sufficient quantity for the requirements of the building
and nothing need be added for normal piping and pickup.
Ratings are based on a piping and pickup allowance of 1.15.
9. The manual reset high limit provided with the Cadet is
listed to UL353.
Notes:
4. Cadet heating boilers require special gas venting. Use only
the vent materials and methods specified in the Cadet
Heating Boiler Installation and Operation Manual.
5. Standard Cadet heating boilers are equipped to operate from
sea level to 4,500 feet only with no adjustments. The boiler
will de-rate by 4% for each 1,000 feet above sea level up to
4,500 feet.
UNIT EQUIPPED FOR
HIGH ALTITUDE
6. High altitude Cadet heating boilers are equipped to operate
from 3,000 to 12,000 feet only. The boiler will de-rate by 2%
for each 1,000 feet above sea level. High altitude models are
manufactured with a different control module for altitude
operation, but the operation given in this manual remains
the same as the standard boilers. A high altitude label (as
shown in FIG. A) is also affixed to the unit.
3,000 FT. TO 12,000 FT.
IMG00206
De-rate values are based on proper combustion calibration
and CO2’s adjusted to the recommended levels.
6
Figure A High Altitude Label Location
Installation & Service Manual
1
Determine boiler location
Installation must comply with:
• Local, state, provincial, and national codes, laws,
regulations, and ordinances.
• National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1 – latest edition.
• National Electrical Code.
• For Canada only: B149.1 Installation Code, CSA C22.1
Canadian Electrical Code Part 1 and any local codes.
NOTICE
The Cadet heating boiler gas manifold
and controls met safe lighting and other
performance criteria when the boiler
underwent tests specified in ANSI Z21.13
– latest edition.
WARNING
Failure to install the appliance indoors
could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
WARNING
Before locating the boiler, check:
1.
2.
3.
Check for nearby connection to:
• System water piping
• Venting connections
• Gas supply piping
• Electrical power
Locate the appliance so that if water connections should
leak, water damage will not occur. When such locations
cannot be avoided, it is recommended that a suitable
drain pan, adequately drained, be installed under the
appliance. The pan must not restrict combustion air
flow. Under no circumstances is the manufacturer to be
held responsible for water damage in connection with
this appliance, or any of its components.
Check area around the boiler. Remove any combustible
materials, gasoline and other flammable liquids.
Failure to keep boiler area clear and free
WARNING of combustible materials, gasoline, and
other flammable liquids and vapors can
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
4. The Cadet heating boiler must be installed so that gas
control system components are protected from dripping
or spraying water or rain during operation or service.
5. If a new boiler will replace an existing boiler, check for
and correct system problems, such as:
• System leaks causing oxygen corrosion or heat exchanger
cracks from hard water deposits.
• Incorrectly-sized expansion tank.
• Lack of freeze protection in boiler water causing system
and boiler to freeze and leak.
6.
Check around the boiler for any potential air
contaminants that could risk corrosion to the boiler or
the boiler combustion air supply (see Table 1A on page
10). Prevent combustion air contamination. Remove
any of these contaminants from the boiler area.
DO NOT install units in rooms or
WARNING environments that contain corrosive
contaminants (see Table 1A on page 10).
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
This appliance is certified as an indoor
appliance. Do not install the appliance
outdoors or locate where the appliance will
be exposed to freezing temperatures or to
temperatures that exceed 100°F.
This appliance requires a special venting
system. The vent connection to the
appliance is made of CPVC. Field supplied
vent fittings must be cemented to the CPVC
fitting on the boiler. Use only the vent
materials, primer, and cement specified in
the manual to make the vent connections.
Failure to follow this warning could result
in fire, personal injury, or death.
Closet and alcove installations
A closet is any room the boiler is installed in which is less than
64 cubic feet for CDN040 through CDN120 models, and 87
cubic feet for CCN120 models.
An alcove is any room which meets the criteria for a closet
with the exception that it does not have a door.
Example: Room dimensions = 4 feet long, 3 feet wide, and
7 foot ceiling = 4 x 3 x 7 = 84 cubic feet. This would be
considered a closet for a Cadet heating boiler.
WARNING
For closet and alcove installations as
shown in FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2, CPVC,
polypropylene or stainless steel vent
material must be used inside the structure.
The two ventilating air openings shown in
FIG. 1-1 are required for this arrangement.
Failure to follow this warning could result
in fire, personal injury, or death.
Provide clearances:
Clearances from combustible materials
1. Hot water pipes—at least 1/4" from combustible materials.
2. Vent pipe – at least 1" from combustible materials.
3. See FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2 on page 8 for other clearance
minimums.
Clearances for service access
1. See FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2 on page 8 for recommended
service clearances. If you do not provide the minimum
clearances shown, it may not be possible to service the
boiler without removing it from the space.
7
Installation & Service Manual
1
Determine boiler location
Figure 1-1 Closet Installation - Minimum Required Clearances
LEFT
12" SERVICE
0" MINIMUM
TOP
6" MINIMUM
WARNING
6"
RIGHT
12” SERVICE
0" MINIMUM
1" MINIMUM CLEARANCE
AROUND VENT PIPE
Required Combustible Clearances
Location
Clearances
Top
6"
Bottom
0"
Left
0"
Right
0"
*
VENTILATING
OPENING
CLOSED DOOR
6"
FRONT
24" SERVICE
6" MINIMUM
BOTTOM
24" SERVICE
0" MINIMUM
1/4" MINIMUM CLEARANCE
AROUND HOT WATER PIPES
VENTILATING
OPENING
For closet installations, CPVC,
polypropylene, or stainless steel
vent material MUST BE used in
a closet structure due to elevated
temperatures. Failure to follow
this warning could result in fire,
personal injury, or death.
*
IMG00207
*AREA OF EACH OPENING:
1 SQ. INCH PER 1000 BTU PER HOUR INPUT
WITH A MINIMUM OF 100 SQ. INCHES.
Note: Service clearances are recommendations only.
Figure 1-2 Alcove Installation - Minimum Required Clearances
LEFT
12" SERVICE
0" MINIMUM
TOP
6" MINIMUM
WARNING For alcove installations, CPVC,
polypropylene, or stainless steel
vent material MUST BE used in
an alcove structure due to elevated
temperatures. Failure to follow
RIGHT
this warning could result in fire,
12” SERVICE
0" MINIMUM personal injury, or death.
" MINIMUM CLEARANCE
ROUND VENT PIPE
OPEN FRONT
FRONT
24" SERVICE
6" MINIMUM
BOTTOM
24" SERVICE
0" MINIMUM
1/4" MINIMUM CLEARANCE
AROUND HOT WATER PIPES
Note: Service clearances are recommendations only.
8
IMG00208
Required Combustible Clearances
Location
Clearances
Top
6"
Bottom
0"
Left
0"
Right
0"
Installation & Service Manual
1
Determine boiler location
(continued)
Provide air openings to room:
Residential garage installation
Cadet heating boiler alone in boiler room
Precautions
1. No air ventilation openings into the boiler room are
needed when clearances around the Cadet heating
boiler are at least equal to the SERVICE clearances
shown in FIG.’s 1-1 and 1-2. For spaces that do NOT
supply this clearance, provide two openings as shown
in FIG. 1-1. Each opening must provide one square
inch free area per 1,000 Btu/hr of boiler input.
Cadet heating boiler in same space with other gas
or oil-fired appliances
1. Follow the National Fuel Gas Code (U.S.) or CSA
B149.1 (Canada) to size/verify size of the combustion/
ventilation air openings into the space.
The space must be provided with
WARNING
combustion/ventilation air openings
correctly sized for all other appliances
located in the same space as the Cadet
heating boiler.
Do not install the boiler in an attic.
Failure to comply with the above
warnings could result in severe personal
injury, death, or substantial property
damage.
2. Size openings only on the basis of the other appliances
in the space. No additional air opening free area is
needed for the Cadet heating boiler because it takes its
combustion air from outside (direct vent installation).
Wall mounting location
Ensure the wall for which the boiler is intended to be
mounted is comprised of either, cement, brick, block, or
wooden studs spaced 16" apart from center. Ensure the
wall is capable of supporting at least 200 pounds.
If flooding is possible, elevate the boiler sufficiently to
prevent water from reaching the boiler.
Ensure the boiler is installed in a location that minimizes
the risk of water damage due to valves, pumps, etc.
Take the following precautions when installing the appliance in
a residential garage. If the appliance is located in a residential
garage, it should be installed in compliance with the latest
edition of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1 and/or
CAN/CGA-B149 Installation Code.
• Appliances located in residential garages and in
adjacent spaces that open to the garage and are not part
of the living space of a dwelling shall be installed so that
all burners and burner ignition devices are located not
less than 18 inches (46 cm) above the floor.
• The appliance shall be located or protected so that it is
not subject to physical damage by a moving vehicle.
Vent and air piping
The Cadet heating boiler requires a special vent system, designed
for pressurized venting.
The boiler is to be used for either direct vent installation or for
installation using indoor combustion air. When room air is
considered, see Section 3, General Venting. Note prevention of
combustion air contamination below when considering vent/
air termination.
Vent and air must terminate near one another and may be
vented vertically through the roof or out a side wall, unless
otherwise specified. You may use any of the vent/air piping
methods covered in this manual. Do not attempt to install the
Cadet heating boiler using any other means.
Be sure to locate the boiler such that the vent and air piping can
be routed through the building and properly terminated. The
vent/air piping lengths, routing and termination method must
all comply with the methods and limits given in this manual.
Prevent combustion air contamination
Install air inlet piping for the Cadet heating boiler as described
in this manual. Do not terminate vent/air in locations that can
allow contamination of combustion air. Refer to Table 1A,
page 10 for products and areas which may cause contaminated
combustion air.
WARNING
You must pipe combustion air to the boiler
air intake. Ensure that the combustion air will
not contain any of the contaminants in Table
1A, page 10. Contaminated combustion air
will damage the boiler, resulting in possible
severe personal injury, death or substantial
property damage. Do not pipe combustion
air near a swimming pool, for example. Also,
avoid areas subject to exhaust fumes from
laundry facilities. These areas will always
contain contaminants.
9
Installation & Service Manual
1
Determine boiler location
Table 1A Corrosive Contaminants and Sources
Products to avoid:
Spray cans containing chloro/fluorocarbons
Permanent wave solutions
Chlorinated waxes/cleaners
Chlorine-based swimming pool chemicals
Calcium chloride used for thawing
Sodium chloride used for water softening
Refrigerant leaks
Paint or varnish removers
Hydrochloric acid/muriatic acid
Cements and glues
Antistatic fabric softeners used in clothes dryers
Chlorine-type bleaches, detergents, and cleaning solvents
found in household laundry rooms
Adhesives used to fasten building products and other
similar products
Areas likely to have contaminants
Dry cleaning/laundry areas and establishments
Swimming pools
Metal fabrication plants
Beauty shops
Refrigeration repair shops
Photo processing plants
Auto body shops
Plastic manufacturing plants
Furniture refinishing areas and establishments
New building construction
Remodeling areas
Garages with workshops
10
When using an existing vent system to
install a new boiler:
WARNING
Failure to follow all instructions can result
in flue gas spillage and carbon monoxide
emissions, causing severe personal injury
or death.
Check the following venting components before installing:
• Material - For materials listed for use with this appliance,
see Section 3 - General Venting. For polypropylene or
stainless steel venting, an adapter of the same
manufacturer must be used at the flue collar connection.
• Size - To ensure proper pipe size is in place, see Table 3A.
Check to see that this size is used throughout the vent
system.
• Manufacturer - For a polypropylene or stainless steel
application, you must use only the listed manufacturers
and their type product listed in Tables 3D and 3F for CAT
IV positive pressure venting with flue producing
condensate.
• Supports - Non-combustible supports must be in place
allowing a minimum 1/4" rise per foot. The supports
should adequately prevent sagging and vertical slippage,
by distributing the vent system weight. For additional
information, consult the vent manufacturer’s
instructions for installation.
• Terminations - Carefully review Sections 3 through 5 to
ensure requirements for the location of the vent and air
terminations are met and orientation of these fit the
appropriate image from the Sidewall or Vertical
options listed in the General Venting Section. For
stainless steel vent, only use terminations listed in Table
3B for the manufacturer of the installed vent.
• Seal - With prior requirements met, the system should be
tested to the procedure listed in parts (c) through (f) of
the Removal of an Existing Boiler Section on page 11.
With polypropylene and stainless steel vent, seal and connect
all pipe and components as specified by the vent manufacturer
used; with PVC/CPVC vent, see the Installing Vent or Air
Piping Section on page 19.
If any of these conditions are not met,
WARNING the existing system must be updated or
replaced for that concern. Failure to
follow all instructions can result in flue gas
spillage and carbon monoxide emissions,
causing severe personal injury or death.
Installation & Service Manual
1
Determine boiler location
(continued)
When removing a boiler from existing common vent system:
DANGER
Do not install the Cadet heating boiler into
a common vent with any other appliance.
This will cause flue gas spillage or appliance
malfunction, resulting in possible severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
WARNING
Failure to follow all instructions can result
in flue gas spillage and carbon monoxide
emissions, causing severe personal injury or
death.
g. Any improper operation of the common venting system
should be corrected so the installation conforms with
the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54
and/or CAN/CSA B149.1, Natural Gas and Propane
Installation Code. When resizing any portion of the
common venting system, the common venting system
should be resized to approach the minimum size as
determined using the appropriate tables in Part 11 of
the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA and/or
CAN/CSA B149.1, Natural Gas and Propane Installation
Code.
At the time of removal of an existing boiler, the following steps
shall be followed with each appliance remaining connected
to the common venting system placed in operation, while the
other appliances remaining connected to the common venting
system are not in operation.
a. Seal any unused openings in the common venting system.
b. Visually inspect the venting system for proper size and
horizontal pitch and determine there is no blockage or
restriction, leakage, corrosion, or other deficiencies, which
could cause an unsafe condition.
c.
Test vent system – Insofar as is practical, close all building
doors and windows and all doors between the space in
which the appliances remaining connected to the common
venting system are located and other spaces of the building.
Turn on clothes dryers and any appliance not connected to
the common venting system. Turn on any exhaust fans,
such as range hoods and bathroom exhausts, so they will
operate at maximum speed. Do not operate a summer
exhaust fan. Close fireplace dampers.
d. Place in operation the appliance being inspected. Follow
the lighting instructions. Adjust thermostat so appliance
will operate continuously.
e.
Test for spillage at the draft hood relief opening after
5 minutes of main burner operation. Use the flame of a
match or candle, or smoke from a cigarette, cigar, or pipe.
f.
After it has been determined that each appliance remaining
connected to the common venting system properly vents
when tested as outlined herein, return doors, windows,
exhaust fans, fireplace dampers, and any other gas-burning
appliance to their previous conditions of use.
11
Installation & Service Manual
2
Prepare boiler
Gas conversions
WARNING
The gas conversion procedure should
be accomplished BEFORE the boiler is
installed. For a boiler already installed,
you must turn off gas supply, turn off
power, and allow the boiler to cool before
proceeding. You must also completely
test the boiler after conversion to verify
performance as described under Start-up,
Section 10 of this manual.
You must install the propane orifice to
fire the Cadet heating boiler on propane.
Verify when installing that the orifice size
marking matches boiler size (Table 2A).
Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
WARNING
After converting to LP, check combustion
per the Start-up procedure in Section 10
of this manual. Failure to check and
verify combustion could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
Figure 2-1 Installing Propane Orifice
BLOWER
VENTURI
BRASS ORIFICE
COUPLING
Table 2A LP Conversion Table
LP Conversion Table
Model
LP Orifice Stamping
40
40/70
70
100
100/120
120/ 120 (combi)
SCREWS
GAS VALVE
IMG00256
Figure 2-2 Gas Conversion Label Location
1. Remove the front access cover from the unit (no tools
required for removal).
2. Disconnect the ribbon cable from the control board.
Remove the four (4) screws securing the display to the front
of the unit and remove the display.
3. Disconnect the wiring harness from the wiring connector
located on the gas valve.
4. Using a torx wrench, remove the two (2) screws securing the
gas valve to the venturi along with the black rubber coupling
on the gas valve (natural) (FIG. 2-1).
This appliance was converted on ___/___/_____
(day / month / year)
to _________ gas with Kit No. ______________
with burner orifices (size or number) _________
by ____________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
(name & address of organization making this
conversion, who accepts the responsibility for
the correctness of this conversion)
Refer to the rating plate for the input rating
and gas pressure settings for the converted gas.
GAS CONVERSION
LABEL
(AFFIX TO JACKET
WHERE SHOWN)
5. Locate the propane orifice disk from the conversion kit bag.
Verify that the stamping on the orifice disk matches the
boiler size (40 - 120, see Table 2A).
6. Place the propane orifice disk inside the black rubber
coupling, then place the black rubber coupling on the
smooth male fitting of the gas valve and secure to the venturi
(see FIG. 2-1).
7. Reposition the gas valve against the venturi and replace the
two (2) screws removed in Step 4, securing the valve to the
venturi (FIG. 2-1).
8. Reattach the wiring harness to the gas valve.
9. After installation is complete, fill out the gas conversion
label (in the conversion kit bag) and affix it to the unit
above the boiler rating plate outside the unit. Hang the LP
warning label (in the conversion kit bag) on the gas pipe
underneath the boiler (FIG. 2-2).
10. Replace the front access cover.
12
LP WARNING
LABEL
(HANG FROM
GAS PIPING)
Remove boiler from wood pallet
1. After removing the outer shipping carton from the boiler,
remove the parts box.
2. To remove the boiler from the pallet:
a. Remove the two (2) lag bolts securing the bottom
of the unit to the pallet.
b. Lift the boiler off the wall bracket mounted to
the pallet.
CAUTION
Do not attempt to use the copper pipes to
lift the boiler (FIG. 2-3).
Installation & Service Manual
2
Prepare boiler
(continued)
3. Remove the two (2) lag bolts securing the wall bracket to
the wood pallet. Be certain not to lose the wall bracket as
it will be needed for securing the boiler to the wall (FIG.
2-4).
Do not drop the boiler. Damage to the
NOTICE
boiler can result.
Figure 2-3 Acceptable Lifting Locations
IMG00268
Figure 2-4 Boiler Mounted on Shipping Pallet
2.
Mount the wall bracket using the 2 1/4" lag bolts
provided. Make sure the top edge of the bracket is away
from the wall. Ensure the bracket is level when mounted.
Extreme care is needed to ensure the bolts are secured in
the center of the studs.
3.
Hang the boiler on the bracket and secure the bottom of
the boiler with two (2) additional lag bolts provided.
WARNING The boiler is too heavy for a single person
to lift. A minimum of two people is
needed for mounting the boiler onto the
bracket.
Mounting to a concrete wall:
1. Mount the wall bracket using the two (2) wedge anchor
bolts provided with the bracket (FIG. 2-5). To mount the
wedge anchor bolts, drill a 1/4" diameter hole 1 1/8" deep
and insert anchor. Hang the bracket from the anchor and
secure with the two nuts provided. Make sure the top edge
of the bracket is away from the wall. Ensure bracket is level
when mounted.
Note: If wall thickness does not allow a 1 1/8" deep hole,
field supplied hardware suitable for the application should be
provided.
2. Hang the boiler on the bracket and secure the bottom of the
boiler with two (2) remaining anchors, following the
instructions above.
Mounting to a metal studded wall:
1. The wall mount bracket is designed for a stud spacing of 16
inches from center (FIG. 2-5). For other stud spacing a
solid mounting surface must be provided by the installer.
Do not mount the boiler to a hollow wall. Be
sure to mount the boiler to the studs only.
Mount the wall bracket using two (2) field supplied toggle
bolts capable of supporting 100 pounds each. Ensure the
top edge of the bracket is away from the wall. Ensure the
bracket is level when mounted. Extreme care is needed to
ensure the bolts are secured in the center of the studs.
Hang the boiler on the bracket and secure the bottom of the
boiler with two (2) field supplied toggle bolts.
WARNING
REMOVE SHIPPING
[WALL] BRACKET
2.
DO NOT DISCARDWILL BE NEEDED TO
SECURE THE BOILER
TO THE WALL
3.
IMG00212
Figure 2-5 Mounting the Boiler
WALL:
WOOD OR METAL STUDS
ON 16" CENTERS -ORMASONRY / POURED CONCRETE
Mounting the boiler
See page 9 of this manual for boiler mounting location
instructions.
The Cadet heating boiler is not intended
NOTICE
for floor installation.
MOUNTING BRACKET
(FACTORY SUPPLIED)
Mounting to a wood studded wall:
1.
The wall mount bracket is designed for a stud spacing of
16 inches from center (FIG. 2-5). For other stud spacing
a solid mounting surface must be provided by the
installer.
WARNING Do not mount the boiler to a hollow wall.
Be sure to mount the boiler to the studs
only.
FASTENERS
APPROPRIATE
FOR WALL TYPE
QTY: 4
IMG00213
13
Installation & Service Manual
3
General venting
Direct venting options - Sidewall Vent
IMG00267
IMG00219
Figure 3-1 Two-Pipe Sidewall Termination - See
page 22 for more details
Figure 3-2 PVC/CPVC Concentric Sidewall
Termination - See page 25 for more details
Direct venting options - Vertical Vent
IMG00223
IMG00220
IMG00222
Figure 3-3 Two-Pipe Vertical Figure 3-4 PVC/CPVC Concentric Figure 3-5 Vertical Vent, Sidewall
Termination - See page 28 for more Vertical Termination - See page 30 Air
for more details
details
14
Installation & Service Manual
3
General venting
(continued)
Install vent and combustion air piping
The Cadet boiler must be vented and
supplied with combustion and ventilation
air as described in this section. Ensure the
vent and air piping and the combustion
air supply comply with these instructions
regarding vent system, air system, and
combustion air quality. See also Section 1
of this manual.
Inspect finished vent and air piping
thoroughly to ensure all are airtight and
comply with the instructions provided and
with all requirements of applicable codes.
Failure to provide a properly installed vent
and air system will cause severe personal
injury or death.
This appliance requires a special venting
WARNING
system. Use only approved PVC, CPVC,
polypropylene or stainless steel pipe and
fittings listed in Tables 3C, 3D, and 3F for
vent pipe, and fittings. Failure to comply
could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
DANGER
DO NOT mix components from different
WARNING systems. The vent system could fail,
causing leakage of flue products into the
living space. Mixing of venting materials
will void the warranty and certification of
the appliance.
NOTICE
Installation must comply with local
requirements and with the National
Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1 for U.S.
installations or CSA B149.1 for Canadian
installations.
The Cadet boiler vent and air piping can be installed through
the roof or through a sidewall. Follow the procedures in this
manual for the method chosen. Refer to the information
in this manual to determine acceptable vent and air piping
length.
You may use any of the vent/air piping methods covered in
this manual. Do not attempt to install the Cadet boiler using
any other means.
You must also install air piping from outside to the boiler
air intake adapter unless following the Optional Room Air
instructions on page 18 of this manual. The resultant
installation is direct vent (sealed combustion) .
Air intake/vent connections
1.
2.
Combustion Air Intake Connector (FIG. 3-6)
- Used to provide combustion air directly to the unit from
outdoors. A fitting is provided on the unit for final
connection. Combustion air piping must be supported
per guidelines listed in the National Mechanical Code,
Section 305, Table 305.4 or as local codes dictate.
Vent Connector (FIG.'s 3-6 thru 3-10) - Used to provide a
passageway for conveying combustion gases to the
outside. A transition fitting is provided on the unit for
final connection. Vent piping must be supported per the
National Building Code, Section 305, Table 305.4 or as
local codes dictate.
Figure 3-6 Near Boiler Air Piping
AIR
For closet and alcove installations, CPVC,
polypropylene or stainless steel material
MUST BE used in a closet/alcove structure.
Failure to follow this warning could result
in fire, personal injury, or death.
Improper installation of venting systems
CAUTION
may result in injury or death.
WARNING
NOTICE
Follow the instructions in Section 1, page
10 of this manual when removing a boiler
from an existing vent system.
WARNING Do not connect any other appliance to the
vent pipe or multiple boilers to a common
vent pipe. Failure to comply could result in
severe personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
15
Installation & Service Manual
3
General venting
Sizing
The Cadet boiler uses model specific combustion air intake
and vent piping sizes as detailed in Table 3A below.
2” Max Vent/Air 3” Max Vent/Air
40
100 feet
100 feet
70
100 feet
100 feet
100
50 feet
100 feet
120
N/A
100 feet
120 (C)
N/A
100 feet
NOTICE
Combustion Air = 7 equivalent feet minimum / 100 equivalent
feet maximum
Vent = 7 equivalent feet minimum / 100 equivalent feet
maximum
Table 3A Air Intake/Vent Piping Sizes
Model
Minimum / Maximum allowable combustion
air and vent piping lengths are as follows:
When determining equivalent combustion air and vent length,
add 5 feet for each 90° elbow and 3 feet for each 45° elbow.
EXAMPLE: 20 feet of PVC pipe + (4) 90° elbows + (2) 45°
elbows + (1) concentric vent kit (CVK3003) = 49 equivalent
feet of piping.
NOTICE
Increasing or decreasing combustion air or
vent piping sizes is not authorized.
The appliance output rating will reduce by
up to 1.5% for each 25 feet of vent length.
Table 3B Concentric Vent Kit Equivalent Vent Lengths
16
Model
Kit Number
Equivalent Vent
Length
40 - 100
120
CVK3008
CVK3003
3 feet
3 feet
Installation & Operation Manual
3
General venting
(continued)
Materials
Air inlet pipe materials:
The air inlet pipe(s) must be sealed. Choose acceptable
combustion air inlet pipe materials from the following list:
PVC, CPVC, Polypropylene or ABS
Galvanized steel vent pipe with joints and seams sealed as
specified in this section.
Type “B” double-wall vent with joints and seams sealed as
specified in this section.
AL29-4C, stainless steel material to be sealed to
specification of its manufacturer.
*Plastic pipe may require an adapter (not provided) to
transition between the air inlet connection on the appliance
and the plastic air inlet pipe.
WARNING Using air intake materials other than those
specified can result in personal injury,
death or property damage.
NOTICE
The PVC, CPVC, or ABS air inlet pipe should be cleaned and
sealed with the pipe manufacturer’s recommended solvents
and standard commercial pipe cement for the material used.
The PVC, CPVC, ABS, or Flex Duct air inlet pipe should
use a silicone sealant to ensure a proper seal at the appliance
connection and the air inlet cap connection. Dryer vent or
flex duct should use a screw type clamp to seal the vent to
the appliance air inlet and the air inlet cap. Proper sealing of
the air inlet pipe ensures that combustion air will be free of
contaminants and supplied in proper volume.
When a sidewall or vertical rooftop combustion air supply
system is disconnected for any reason, the air inlet pipe must
be resealed to ensure that combustion air will be free of
contaminants and supplied in proper volume.
DANGER
Failure to properly seal all joints and seams
as required in the air inlet piping may
result in flue gas recirculation, spillage
of flue products and carbon monoxide
emissions causing severe personal injury
or death.
The use of double-wall vent or insulated
material for the combustion air inlet pipe is
recommended in cold climates to prevent
the condensation of airborne moisture in
the incoming combustion air.
Sealing of Type “B” double-wall vent material or galvanized
vent pipe material used for air inlet piping on a sidewall or
vertical rooftop Combustion Air Supply System:
a. Seal all joints and seams of the air inlet pipe using either
Aluminum Foil Duct Tape meeting UL Standard 723 or
181A-P or a high quality UL Listed silicone sealant such as
those manufactured by Dow Corning or General Electric.
b. Do not install seams of vent pipe on the bottom of
horizontal runs.
c. Secure all joints with a minimum of three (3) sheet metal
screws or pop rivets. Apply Aluminum Foil Duct Tape or
silicone sealant to all screws or rivets installed in the vent
pipe.
d. Ensure that the air inlet pipes are properly supported.
17
Installation & Service Manual
3
General venting
Optional room air
NOTICE
Optional room air is intended for
commercial applications. Combustion air
piping to the outside is recommended for
residential applications.
Commercial applications utilizing the Cadet heating boiler
may be installed with a single pipe carrying the flue products
to the outside while using combustion air from the equipment
room. In order to use the room air venting option the
following conditions and considerations must be followed.
•
The unit MUST be installed with the appropriate
room air kit (Table 3C).
The equipment room MUST be provided with
properly sized openings to assure adequate
combustion air. Please refer to instructions provided
with the room air kit.
There will be a noticeable increase in the noise level
during normal operation from the inlet air opening.
Using the room air kit makes the unit vulnerable to
combustion air contamination from within the
building.
Please review Section 1, Prevent
Combustion Air Contamination, to ensure proper
installation.
Vent system and terminations must comply with the
standard venting instructions set forth in this
manual.
•
•
•
•
When utilizing the single pipe method,
WARNING provisions for combustion and ventilation
air must be in accordance with Air for
Combustion and Ventilation, of the
latest edition of the National Fuel Gas
Code, ANSI Z223.1, in Canada, the latest
edition of CGA Standard B149 Installation
Code for Gas Burning Appliances and
Equipment, or applicable provisions of the
local building codes.
Table 3C Optional Room Air Kit
Model
40 - 100
120
Kit Number
KIT30051
KIT30052
Air contamination
Pool and laundry products and common household and hobby
products often contain fluorine or chlorine compounds.
When these chemicals pass through the boiler, they can form
strong acids. The acid can eat through the boiler wall, causing
serious damage and presenting a possible threat of flue gas
spillage or boiler water leakage into the building.
18
Please read the information given in Table 1A, page 10,
listing contaminants and areas likely to contain them. If
contaminating chemicals will be present near the location of the
boiler combustion air inlet, have your installer pipe the boiler
combustion air and vent to another location, per this manual.
WARNING
If the boiler combustion air inlet is located
in a laundry room or pool facility, for
example, these areas will always contain
hazardous contaminants.
To prevent the potential of severe personal
WARNING injury or death, check for areas and products
listed in Table 1A, page 10 before installing
the boiler or air inlet piping.
If contaminants are found, you MUST:
• Remove contaminants permanently.
—OR—
• Relocate air inlet and vent
terminations to other areas.
Installation & Service Manual
3
General venting
(continued)
PVC/CPVC:
1.
This product has been approved for use with the PVC/CPVC
vent materials listed in Table 3D.
Installing vent and air piping
2.
Work from the boiler to vent or air termination. Do not
exceed the lengths given in this manual for the air or vent
piping.
Cut pipe to the required lengths and deburr the inside
and outside of the pipe ends.
WARNING The flue pipe adapter acts as the CPVC starter
pipe section provided with the appliance if
PVC/CPVC vent is to be used (FIG. 3-7). The
field provided vent fittings must be cemented
to the CPVC pipe section using an “All Purpose
Cement” suitable for PVC and CPVC pipe.
Use only the vent materials, primer, and
cement specified in Table 3D to make the vent
connections. Failure to follow this warning
could result in fire, personal injury, or death.
3.
Chamfer outside of each pipe end to ensure even
cement distribution when joining.
4.
Clean all pipe ends and fittings using a clean dry rag.
(Moisture will retard curing and dirt or grease will
prevent adhesion.)
5.
Dry fit vent or air piping to ensure proper fit up before
assembling any joint. The pipe should go a third to
two-thirds into the fitting to ensure proper sealing after
cement is applied.
Use only cleaners, primers, and solvents that
are approved for the materials which are joined
together.
All PVC vent pipes must be glued, properly
supported, and the exhaust must be pitched
a minimum of a 1/4 inch per foot back to the
boiler (to allow drainage of condensate).
6.
Priming and Cementing:
a. Handle fittings and pipes carefully to prevent
contamination of surfaces.
b. Apply a liberal even coat of primer to the fitting
socket and to the pipe end to approximately 1/2"
beyond the socket depth.
c. Apply a second primer coat to the fitting socket.
NOTICE
NOTICE
WARNING
Insulation should not be used on PVC or CPVC
venting materials. The use of insulation will
cause increased vent wall temperatures, which
could result in vent pipe failure.
For installations using 2" vent, the first seven
(7) equivalent feet of vent must be CPVC (field
supplied). See examples below.
For models 40 - 100 when transitioning from
WARNING
2" to 3" vent diameter, a 2" pipe section and 2"
to 3" increaser are required to be CPVC when
PVC/CPVC vent is used.
Examples: 1. Seven (7) feet vertical
2. Connector + 90° elbow + 2 feet horizontal
3. One (1) foot vertical + 90° elbow + 1 foot
horizontal
WARNING
d.
e.
f.
g.
While primer is still wet, apply an even coat of
approved cement to the pipe equal to the depth of
the fitting socket along with an even coat of
approved cement to the fitting socket.
Apply a second coat of cement to the pipe.
While the cement is still wet, insert the pipe into
the fitting, if possible twist the pipe a 1/4 turn as
you insert it. NOTE: If voids are present,
sufficient cement was not applied and joint could
be defective.
Wipe excess cement from the joint removing ring
or beads as it will needlessly soften the pipe.
Figure 3-7 Near Boiler PVC/CPVC Venting
VENT
AIR
Table 3D PVC/CPVC Vent Pipe, and Fittings
Approved PVC/CPVC Vent Pipe and Fittings
Item
Material
Standard
PVC Schedule 40, 80 ANSI/ASTM D1785
Vent pipe
PVC - DWV
ANSI/ASTM D2665
CPVC Schedule 40, 80 ANSI/ASTM F441
Vent fittings
PVC Schedule 40
ANSI/ASTM D2466
PVC Schedule 80
ANSI/ASTM D2467
CPVC Schedule 80
ANSI/ASTM F439
Pipe Cement / PVC
Primer
CPVC
ANSI/ASTM D2564
ANSI/ASTM F493
NOTICE: DO NOT USE CELLULAR (FOAM) CORE PIPE
NOTE: In Canada, CPVC and PVC vent pipe, fittings and cement/
primer must be ULC-S636 certified.
IMG00225
19
Installation & Service Manual
3
General venting
Polypropylene:
NOTICE
This product has been approved for use with polypropylene
vent with the manufacturers listed in Table 3E.
All terminations must comply with listed options in this manual
and be a single-wall vent offering.
For support and special connections required, see the
manufacturer's instructions. All vent is to conform to standard
diameter and equivalent length requirements established.
NOTICE
When determining equivalent combustion air and vent length
for polypropylene single-wall piping:
•
1 foot of Duravent 4 inch single-wall pipe is equivalent
to 1.6 feet of piping
Insulation should not be used on
polypropylene venting materials. The use
of insulation will cause increased vent wall
temperatures, which could result in vent
pipe failure.
Use only the adapters and vent system listed
WARNING
in Tables 3E and 3F. DO NOT mix vent
systems of different types or manufacturers,
unless listed in this manual. Failure to
comply could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
WARNING
Flexible polypropylene
For use of flex pipe, it is recommended to have the vent material
in 32°F or higher ambient space before bending at installation.
No bends should be made to greater than 45° and ONLY
installed in vertical or near vertical installations (FIG. 3-8).
Figure 3-8 Near Boiler Flexible Polypropylene Venting
Duravent 3”
CAP
CHIMNEY
B
Duravent 4”
“B” DIM
“A” DIM
3” RIGID 3” FLEX 4” FLEX
60
FT
90 FT
10 FT
20 FT 53 FT 80 FT
30 FT 47 FT 70 FT
40 FT 40 FT 60 FT
50 FT 33 FT 50 FT
60 FT 27 FT 40 FT
70 FT 20 FT 30 FT
80 FT 13 FT 20 FT
7 FT 10 FT
90 FT
A
“B” DIM
“A” DIM
4” RIGID 4” FLEX 5” FLEX
10 FT 30 FT 90 FT
20 FT 27 FT 80 FT
30 FT 23 FT 70 FT
40 FT 20 FT 60 FT
50 FT 17 FT 50 FT
60 FT 13 FT 40 FT
70 FT 10 FT 30 FT
80 FT
7 FT 20 FT
90 FT
3 FT 10 FT
Centrotherm 3”
Centrotherm 4”
“A” DIM
“B” DIM
3” RIGID 3” FLEX 4” FLEX
10 FT 45 FT 90 FT
20 FT 40 FT 80 FT
30 FT 35 FT 70 FT
40 FT 30 FT 60 FT
50 FT 25 FT 50 FT
60 FT 20 FT 40 FT
70 FT 15 FT 30 FT
80 FT 10 FT 20 FT
5 FT 10 FT
90 FT
“A” DIM “B” DIM
4” RIGID 4” FLEX
10 FT 33 FT
20 FT 29 FT
30 FT 26 FT
40 FT 22 FT
50 FT 18 FT
60 FT 15 FT
70 FT 11 FT
7 FT
80 FT
4 FT
90 FT
The installer must use a specific vent starter
adapter at the flue collar connection,
supplied by the vent manufacturer to
adapt to its vent system. See Table 3F for
approved vent adapters. Discard CPVC
starter piece.
All vent connections MUST be secured by
the vent manufacturer's joint connector
(FIG. 3-9).
NOTICE
NOTICE
Installations must comply with applicable
national, state, and local codes. For
Canadian installation, polypropylene vent
must be listed as a ULC-S636 approved
system.
Installation of a polypropylene vent system
should adhere to the vent manufacturer’s
installation instructions supplied with the
vent system.
Figure 3-9 Near Boiler Polypropylene Venting Model 120
*NOTES: 1) FLEX PIPE MAY ONLY BE RUN IN A VERTICAL ORIENTATION
2) ALL VENT LENGTHS REPRESENTED IN ABOVE CHARTS ARE
EQUIVALENT LENGTHS.
3) SECTION A IS EQUIVALENT FEET OF RIGID PIPE, WHICH MAY
INCLUDE 45 AND 90° ELBOWS. PLEASE SEE SIZING SECTION
FOR DETERMINING EQUIVALENT FEET.
JOINT CONNECTOR REQUIRED
AT ALL COMPONENT CONNECTIONS
OF VENT SYSTEM
IMG00840
Table 3E Polypropylene Vent Pipe and Fittings
POLYPROPYLENE ADAPTER
W/ FLUE CLAMP
Approved Polypropylene Vent Manufacturers
Make
Model
Centrotherm Eco Systems
Duravent (M & G Group)
InnoFlue SW/Flex
PolyPro Single-Wall / PolyPro Flex
Table 3F Approved PolypropyleneTerminations and Adapters
IMG00257
Duravent Polypro
Centrotherm InnoFlue SW
Model Polypropylene Adapter/
Flue Clamp
Joint
Sidewall Retaining
Polypropylene
Joint
Sidewall Adapter*
Sidewall Kit
Connector
Bracket*
Adapter
Connector
40 - 100
ISAG0202 w/IAFC02
IANS02
IATP0202
ISTAGL0202
2PPS-AD
2PPS-LB
2PPS-HLK
120
ISAG0303 w/IAFC03
IANS03
IATP0303
ISTAGL0303
3PPS-AD
3PPS-LB
3PPS-HLK
* These parts are only needed if the alternate sidewall termination assembly is used.
20
Installation & Service Manual
3
General venting
(continued)
Stainless steel vent:
NOTICE
This product has been approved for use with stainless steel
using the manufacturers listed in Table 3G.
WARNING
Use only the materials, vent systems, and
terminations listed in Tables 3G and 3H.
DO NOT mix vent systems of different
types or manufacturers. Failure to comply
could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
Installation of a stainless steel vent system
should adhere to the stainless steel vent
manufacturer’s installation instructions
supplied with the vent system.
Figure 3-10 Near Boiler Stainless Steel Venting
VENT
The installer must use a specific vent starter
adapter at the flue collar connection,
supplied by the vent manufacturer to
adapt to its vent system. See Table 3H for
approved vent adapters. Discard CPVC
starter piece.
NOTICE
3" S.S. ADAPTER
Installations must comply with applicable
national, state, and local codes. Stainless
steel vent systems must be listed as a
UL-1738 approved system for the United
States and a ULC-S636 approved system
for Canada.
NOTICE
IMG00226
Table 3G Stainless Steel Vent Pipe and Fittings
Approved Stainless Steel Vent Manufacturers
Make
Model
Dura Vent (M & G Group)
FasNSeal Vent / FasNSeal Flex* Vent
Z-Flex (Nova Flex Group)
Z-Vent
Heat Fab (Selkirk Corporation)
Saf-T Vent
*Use of FasNSeal Flex smooth inner wall vent is to be used in vertical or near vertical sections only, taking precaution to ensure
no sagging occurs of the vent system. Connect to the FasNSeal rigid vent using specially designed adapters and sealing method,
see manufacturer’s instructions.
Table 3H Approved Stainless Steel Terminations and Adapters
Model
40 - 120
ProTech
Heat Fab
Z Flex
FasNSeal
Saf-T Vent
Z-Vent
**Boiler
Flue
Adapter Termination
300716
(Vent)
300715
(Intake Air)
FSBS3
FSRC3(R.C)
Intake
Intake
*Boiler
Flue
**Boiler
Air
Air
Adapter Termination
Adapter
Termination
Termination
303889
WB50210
(Vent)
9301PVC
(Intake Air)
9392
5300CI
Flue
Intake Air
Termination Termination
2SVSLPVC3
(Vent)
2SVSTP03
2SVSTEX0390
9314TERM
2SVSRCX03
2SVSLA03
(Intake Air)
*The stainless steel venting option is only available in 3" vent diameters.
21
Installation & Service Manual
4
Sidewall direct venting
Vent/air termination – sidewall
Follow instructions below when
WARNING
determining vent location to avoid
possibility of severe personal injury, death,
or substantial property damage.
WARNING
A gas vent extending through an exterior
wall shall not terminate adjacent to a wall
or below building extensions such as eaves,
parapets, balconies, or decks. Failure to
comply could result in severe personal
injury, death, or substantial property
damage.
If using the sidewall termination:
3. The air piping must terminate in a down-turned elbow
as shown in FIG. 4-1A. This arrangement avoids
recirculation of flue products into the combustion air
stream.
4. The vent piping must terminate in an elbow pointed
outward or away from the air inlet, as shown in FIG. 4-1A.
WARNING
Determine location
Locate the vent/air terminations using the following
guidelines:
1. The total length of piping for vent or air must not exceed
the limits given in the General Venting Section on page
16 of this manual.
2. You must consider the surroundings when terminating
the vent and air:
a. Position the vent termination where vapors will
not damage nearby shrubs, plants or air
conditioning equipment or be objectionable.
b. The flue products will form a noticeable plume as
they condense in cold air. Avoid areas where the
plume could obstruct window views.
c. Prevailing winds could cause freezing of
condensate and water/ice buildup where flue
products impinge on building surfaces or plants.
d. Avoid possibility of accidental contact of flue
products with people or pets.
e. Do not locate the terminations where wind eddies
could affect performance or cause recirculation,
such as inside building corners, near adjacent
buildings or surfaces, window wells, stairwells,
alcoves, courtyards, or other recessed areas.
Figure 4-1A PVC/CPVC/Polypropylene Sidewall
Termination of Air and Vent w/Field Supplied Fittings
Do not exceed the maximum lengths of the
outside vent piping shown in FIG. 4-1A.
Excessive length exposed to the outside
could cause freezing of condensate in the
vent pipe, resulting in potential boiler
shutdown.
When venting out a sidewall using PVC, CPVC, or
Polypropylene vent materials, an optional sidewall vent
termination kit can be ordered (reference Table 4A for kit
numbers).
Table 4A Alternate Sidewall Vent Kit
Model
Kit
Number
40 - 100 KIT30044
120
KIT30045
Air
Size
Vent
Size
Centerline
Width
2"
2"
5 5/8"
3"
3"
5 5/8"
Figure 4-1B Alternate PVC/CPVC/ Polypropylene
Sidewall Termination of Air and Vent
TO BOILER
INTAKE AIR
CONNECTION
FROM BOILER
VENT PIPE
CONNECTION
12"
MIN
TO
OVERHANG
POSSIBLE ORIENTATIONS
VENT / AIR
TERMINATION
12"
MIN
TO BOILER
INTAKE AIR
CONNECTION
BIRD SCREEN
GRADE OR
SNOW LINE
FROM BOILER
VENT PIPE
CONNECTION
12” MIN
15” MAX
TERMINATION
PLATE
12”
MIN
BIRD SCREEN
GRADE OR
SNOW LINE
22
Installation & Service Manual
4
Sidewall direct venting
(continued)
Vent/air termination – sidewall
Figure 4-2A Clearance to Gravity Air Inlets w/Field
Supplied Fittings
Figure 4-1C Alternate Venting Arrangement (if Space
Allows) w/Field Supplied Fittings
TO BOILER
INTAKE AIR
CONNECTION
COUPLING
12”
MIN
12” MIN
15” MAX
FROM BOILER
VENT PIPE
CONNECTION
BIRD
SCREEN
(TYPICAL)
BIRD SCREEN
12”
MIN
12”
MIN
BIRD
SCREEN
GRADE OR
SNOW LINE
ALTERNATE VENTING ARRANGEMENT
(IF SPACE PERMITS)
12”
MIN
Figure 4-2B Clearance to Gravity Air Inlets using an
Optional Vent Kit
Figure 4-1D Alternate Venting Arrangement - Typical
Stainless Steel Sidewall Termination of Air and Vent w/
Field Supplied Fittings
TO BOILER
INTAKE AIR
CONNECTION
12"
MIN.
12" MIN
15" MAX
VENT / AIR
TERMINATION
12"
MIN.
FROM
BOILER
VENT PIPE
CONNECTION
12"
MIN.
Figure 4-3A Clearance to Forced Air Inlets using an
Optional Vent Kit
IF LESS
THAN 10’
12" MIN
BIRD SCREEN
GRADE OR SNOW LINE
5.
Maintain clearances as shown in FIG.’s 4-1A thru 4-3B,
pages 22 and 23. Also maintain the following:
a. Vent must terminate:
• At least 6 feet from adjacent walls.
• No closer than 12 inches below roof overhang.
• At least 7 feet above any public walkway.
• At least 3 feet above any forced air intake within
10 feet.
• No closer than 12 inches below or horizontally
from any door or window or any other gravity air
inlet.
b. Air inlet must terminate at least 12 inches above
grade or snow line; at least 12 inches below the vent
termination (FIG. 4-1B); and the vent pipe must not
extend more than 24 inches vertically outside the
building.
c. Do not terminate closer than 4 feet horizontally
from any electric meter, gas meter, regulator, relief
valve, or other equipment. Never terminate above or
below any of these within 4 feet horizontally.
6. Locate terminations so they are not likely to be damaged by
foreign objects, such as stones or balls, or subject to buildup
of leaves or sediment.
VENT / AIR
TERMINATION
36"
MIN.
FORCED AIR
INLET
7' MIN. ABOVE ANY
PUBLIC WALKWAY
Figure 4-3B Clearance to Forced Air Inlets w/Field
Supplied Fittings
IF LESS
THAN 10’
36”
MIN
FORCED AIR
INLET
7’ MIN ABOVE ANY
PUBLIC WALKWAY
BIRD
SCREEN
(TYPICAL)
23
Installation & Service Manual
4
Sidewall direct venting
Prepare wall penetrations
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Air pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the air pipe. Size the air pipe hole as
close as desired to the air pipe outside diameter.
Vent pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the vent pipe. For either combustible
or noncombustible construction, size the vent pipe
hole with at least a 1/2 inch clearance around the vent
pipe outer diameter:
• 3½ inch hole for 2 inch vent pipe
• 4½ inch hole for 3 inch vent pipe
b. Insert a galvanized metal thimble in the vent pipe
hole as shown in FIG. 4-4A.
Use the sidewall termination plate as a template for
correct location of hole centers.
Follow all local codes for isolation of vent pipe when
passing through floors or walls.
Seal exterior openings thoroughly with exterior caulk.
Figure 4-4A Sidewall Termination Assembly w/Field
Supplied Fittings
Figure 4-5A Multiple Vent Terminations w/Field Supplied
Fittings (must also comply with Figure 4-1A)
Figure 4-5B Alternate Multiple Vent Terminations (must
also comply with Figure 4-1B)
12" MIN. BETWEEN EDGE OF AIR
INLET AND ADJACENT VENT OUTLET
ELBOW
VENT
AIR PIPING
VENT PIPING
AIR
BIRD SCREEN
GALVANIZED
THIMBLE
ELBOW
SIDEWALL
TERMINATION PLATE
BIRD SCREEN
Multiple vent/air terminations
1. When terminating multiple boilers terminate each vent/
air connection as described in this manual (FIG. 4-5A).
WARNING All vent pipes and air inlets must terminate
at the same height to avoid possibility
of severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
2. Place wall penetrations to obtain minimum clearance
of 12 inches between edge of air inlet and adjacent vent
outlet, as shown in FIG. 4-5A for U.S. installations. For
Canadian installations, provide clearances required by
CSA B149.1 Installation Code.
3. The air inlet of a Cadet heating boiler is part of a direct
vent connection. It is not classified as a forced air intake
with regard to spacing from adjacent boiler vents.
24
VENT / AIR
TERMINATION
Installation & Service Manual
4
Sidewall direct venting
(continued)
Sidewall termination – optional concentric vent
Description and usage
The manufacturer offers optional concentric combustion air
and vent pipe termination kits (Factory Kit #CVK3003 - 3"
or
#CVK3008 - 2"). Both combustion air and vent pipes
must attach to the termination kit. The termination kit must
terminate outside the structure and must be installed as shown
below in FIG. 4-6.
The required combustion vent pipe and fittings are listed in
Table 3B, on page 16 of this manual.
Figure 4-6 Concentric Sidewall Termination
3. Cut one (1) hole (5 inch diameter for #CVK3003 installations
or 4 inch diameter for #CVK3008 installations) into the
structure to install the termination kit.
4. Partially assemble the concentric vent termination kit.
Clean and cement using the procedures found in these
instructions.
a. Cement the Y concentric fitting to the larger kit pipe
(FIG. 4-7).
b. Cement the rain cap to the smaller diameter kit pipe
(FIG. 4-7).
Figure 4-7 Kit Contents
Sidewall termination installation
1. Determine the best location for the termination kit (see
FIG. 4-6).
2. Reference the Determine Location Section on page 22 of
this manual for general termination considerations.
25
Installation & Service Manual
4
Sidewall direct venting
Sidewall termination – optional concentric vent models
Figure 4-8 Concentric Vent Dimensional Drawing
NOTICE
Instead of cementing the smaller pipe to
the rain cap, a field-supplied stainless steel
screw may be used to secure the two (2)
components together when field disassembly
is desired for cleaning (see FIG. 4-9).
When using the alternate screw assembly
WARNING method, drill a clearance hole in the rain
cap and a pilot hole in the vent pipe for
the screw size being used. Failure to drill
adequate holes may cause cracking of PVC
components, allowing combustion products
to be recirculated. Failure to follow this
warning could result in personal injury or
death.
WARNING
Do not operate the appliance with the rain
cap removed or recirculation of combustion
products may occur. Water may also collect
inside the larger combustion air pipe and
flow to the burner enclosure. Failure to
follow this warning could result in product
damage or improper operation, personal
injury, or death.
5. Install the Y concentric fitting and pipe assembly through
the structure’s hole.
NOTICE
6. Install the rain cap and small diameter pipe assembly into
the Y concentric fitting and large pipe assembly. Ensure
small diameter pipe is bottomed and cemented in the Y
concentric fitting.
7. Secure the assembly to the structure as shown in FIG.
4-10 using field-supplied metal strapping or equivalent
support material.
Ensure termination location clearance
NOTICE
dimensions are as shown in FIG. 4-6.
NOTICE
Figure 4-9 Rain Cap to Vent Pipe Alternate Assembly
NOTICE
26
Do not allow insulation or other materials
to accumulate inside the pipe assembly
when installing through the hole.
If assembly needs to be extended to
allow sidewall thickness requirement, the
two (2) pipes supplied in the kit may
be replaced by using the same diameter,
field-supplied SDR-26 PVC (D2241) pipe.
Do not extend dimension D more than 60
inches (see FIG. 4-8).
If assembly needs to be reduced, dimension
D can be as short as possible.
Installation & Service Manual
4
Sidewall direct venting
(continued)
Sidewall termination – optional concentric vent
Figure 4-10 Concentric Vent Sidewall Attachment
CAUTION
DO NOT use field-supplied couplings to
extend pipes. Airflow restriction will occur
and may cause intermittent operation.
8. Cement appliance combustion air and vent pipes to the
concentric vent termination assembly. See FIG. 4-10 for
proper pipe attachment.
9. Operate the appliance one (1) heat cycle to ensure
combustion air and vent pipes are properly connected to
the concentric vent termination connections.
Multiventing sidewall terminations
When two (2) or more direct vent appliances are vented near
each other, each appliance must be individually vented (see FIG.
4-11). NEVER common vent or breach vent this appliance.
When two (2) or more direct vent appliances are vented near
each other, two (2) vent terminations may be installed as shown
in FIG. 4-11. It is important that vent terminations be made as
shown to avoid recirculation of flue gases.
12"
MINIMUM
VENT
COMBUSTION
AIR
Figure 4-11 Concentric Vent and Combustion Air Termination
27
Installation & Service Manual
5
Vertical direct venting
Vent/air termination – vertical
WARNING
Follow instructions below when
determining vent location to avoid
possibility of severe personal injury, death
or substantial property damage.
Determine location
Locate the vent/air terminations using the following
guidelines:
1. The total length of piping for vent or air must not exceed
the limits given in the General Venting Section on page
16 of this manual.
Figure 5-1A PVC/CPVC/Polypropylene
Termination of Air and Vent
ALTERNATE INTAKE LOCATIONS:
INTAKE PIPES MAY BE LOCATED
ANYWHERE WITHIN 24” OF VENT
PIPE
BIRD SCREEN
(TYPICAL)
VENT
COUPLING
(FIELD SUPPLIED)
6” MINIMUM
ABOVE ROOF /
SNOW LINE
2. Prepare the vent termination and the air termination
elbow (FIG. 5-1A) by inserting bird screens. Bird screens
should be obtained locally.
3. The vent must terminate at least 3 feet above the highest
place in which the vent penetrates the roof and at least
2 feet above any part of a building within 10 horizontal
feet.
4. The air piping must terminate in a down-turned 180°
return pipe no further than 2 feet from the center of the
vent pipe. This placement avoids recirculation of flue
products into the combustion air stream.
Vertical
VENT OUTLET
12” MINIMUM
ABOVE AIR INLET
COMBUSTION
AIR
Figure 5-1B Stainless Steel Vertical Termination of Air
and Vent
ALTERNATE INTAKE LOCATIONS:
INTAKE PIPES MAY BE LOCATED
ANYWHERE WITHIN 24” (610 MM)
OF VENT PIPE
5. The vent piping must terminate in an up-turned coupling
as shown in FIG. 5-1A. The top of the coupling must
be at least 1 foot above the air intake. When the vent
termination uses a rain cap as illustrated in FIG. 5-1B
maintain at least 36" (914 mm) above the air inlet. The
air inlet pipe and vent pipe can be located in any desired
position on the roof, but must always be no further than
2 feet (.6 m) apart and with the vent termination at least
1 foot for PVC and 3 feet for stainless steel, above the air
intake.
BIRD SCREEN
(TYPICAL)
VENT
6" (152 MM) MINIMUM
ABOVE ROOF /
SNOW LINE
COM,BUSTION
AIR
6. Maintain the required dimensions of the finished
termination piping as shown in FIG. 5-1A.
VENT OUTLET
36” (914 MM) MINIMUM
ABOVE AIR INLET
7. Do not extend exposed vent pipe outside of building
more than shown in this document. Condensate could
freeze and block vent pipe.
8. Locate terminations so they are not likely to be damaged by
foreign objects, such as stones or balls, or subject to buildup
of leaves or sediment.
WARNING
28
Rooftop vent and air inlet terminations
must terminate in the same pressure
zone, unless vertical vent sidewall air is
set up, reference this section, page 29 and
Section 4 - Air Intake Clearances.
Installation & Service Manual
5
Vertical direct venting
(continued)
Vent/air termination – vertical
Prepare roof penetrations
1.
Air pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the air pipe. Size the air pipe hole as
close as desired to the air pipe outside diameter.
2.
Vent pipe penetration:
a. Cut a hole for the vent pipe. For either combustible
or noncombustible construction, size the vent pipe
hole with at least a 1/2 inch clearance around the
vent pipe outer diameter:
• 4½ inch hole for 3 inch vent pipe
• 5½ inch hole for 4 inch vent pipe
b. Insert a galvanized metal thimble in the vent pipe
hole.
3. Space the air and vent holes to provide the minimum
spacing shown in FIG. 5-1A, page 28.
Figure 5-2 Vertical Terminations with Multiple Boilers
Figure 5-3 Alternate Vertical Terminations with Multiple
Boilers
4. Follow all local codes for isolation of vent pipe when
passing through floors, ceilings, and roofs.
5. Provide flashing and sealing boots sized for the vent pipe
and air pipe.
Multiple vent/air terminations
1. When terminating multiple boilers, terminate each vent/
air connection as described in this manual (FIG. 5-2).
WARNING
Terminate all vent pipes at the same height
and all air pipes at the same height to
avoid possibility of severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
2. Place roof penetrations to obtain minimum clearance of
12 inches between edge of air intake elbow and adjacent
vent pipe of another boiler for U.S. installations (see
FIG. 5-2). For Canadian installations, provide clearances
required by CSA B149.1 Installation Code.
3. The air inlet of a Cadet heating boiler is part of a direct
vent connection. It is not classified as a forced air intake
with regard to spacing from adjacent boiler vents.
29
Installation & Service Manual
5
Vertical direct venting
Vertical termination – optional concentric vent
Description and usage
The manufacturer offers an optional concentric combustion
air and vent pipe termination kit. Both combustion air
and vent pipes must attach to the termination kit. The
termination kit must terminate outside the structure and
must be installed as shown in FIG. 5-4.
Field supplied pipe and fittings are required to complete
the installation.
The required combustion air and vent pipe fittings are
listed in Table 3B, on page 16 of this manual.
Vertical termination installation
2. Cut one (1) hole (5 inch diameter for #CVK3003 installations
or 4 inch diameter for #CVK3008 installations) into the
structure to install the termination kit.
3. Partially assemble the concentric vent termination kit.
Clean and cement following the cleaning procedures in
these instructions.
a. Cement the Y concentric fitting to the larger
diameter kit pipe (see FIG. 4-7, page 25).
b. Cement rain cap to the smaller diameter kit pipe (see
FIG. 4-7, page 25).
Instead of cementing the smaller pipe to
the rain cap, a field supplied stainless steel
screw may be used to secure the two (2)
components together when field disassembly
is desired for cleaning (see FIG. 4-9, page
26).
When
using the alternate screw assembly
WARNING
method, drill a clearance hole in the rain
cap and a pilot hole in the vent pipe for
the screw size being used. Failure to drill
adequate holes may cause cracking of PVC
components, allowing combustion products
to be recirculated. Failure to follow this
warning could result in personal injury or
death.
NOTICE
1. See Section 5, Vertical Direct Venting - Determine
Location (where applicable).
Figure 5-4 Concentric Vertical Termination
Figure 5-5 Do Not Install U-Bend to Rain Cap
30
Installation & Service Manual
5
Vertical direct venting
(continued)
Vertical termination – optional concentric vent
WARNING
Do not operate the appliance with
the rain cap removed or recirculation
of combustion products may occur.
Water may also collect inside the larger
combustion air pipe and flow to the
burner enclosure. Failure to follow this
warning could result in product damage
or improper operation, personal injury,
or death.
CAUTION
6.
Install the rain cap and the small diameter pipe assembly
into the roof penetration assembly. Ensure the small
diameter pipe is cemented and bottomed in the Y concentric
fitting.
7.
Cement the appliance combustion air and vent pipes to
the concentric vent termination assembly. See FIG. 5-6 for
proper pipe attachment.
8.
Operate the appliance through one (1) heat cycle to ensure
combustion air and vent pipes are properly connected to
the concentric vent termination connections.
4. Install the Y concentric fitting pipe assembly through the
structure’s hole and field supplied roof boot/flashing.
NOTICE
Do not allow insulation or other materials
to accumulate inside the pipe assembly
when installing through the hole.
5. Secure the assembly to the roof structure as shown
below in FIG. 5-6 using field supplied metal strapping or
equivalent support material.
Figure 5-6 Concentric Vent Roof Installation
DO NOT use field-supplied couplings to
extend pipes. Airflow restriction will occur.
Multiventing vertical terminations
When two (2) or more direct vent appliances are vented near
each other, each appliance must be individually vented (see
FIG. 5-7). NEVER common vent or breach vent this appliance.
When two (2) or more direct vent appliances are vented near
each other, two (2) vent terminations may be installed as shown
in FIG. 5-7. It is important that vent terminations be made as
shown to avoid recirculation of flue gases.
Figure 5-7 Concentric Vent and Combustion Air Vertical
Termination
12”
MINIMUM
COMBUSTION
AIR (TYPICAL)
NOTICE
NOTICE
Ensure termination height is above the
roof surface or anticipated snow level (12
inches in U.S.A. or 18 inches in Canada) as
shown in FIG. 5-4, page 30.
If assembly is too short to meet height
requirement, the two (2) pipes supplied
in the kit may be replaced by using the
same diameter, field supplied SDR-26 PVC
(D2241) pipe. Do not extend dimension
D more than 60 inches (see FIG. 4-8, page
26).
12” (18” FOR CANADA)
MINIMUM CLEARANCE
ABOVE HIGHEST
ANTICIPATED SNOW
LEVEL. MAXIMUM OF
24” ABOVE ROOF.
31
Installation & Service Manual
5
Vertical direct venting
Alternate vertical concentric venting
This appliance may be installed with a concentric vent
arrangement where the vent pipe is routed through an
existing unused venting system; or by using the existing
unused venting system as a chase for vent and combustion
air routing.
Figure 5-8 Concentric Vent Example 1
FLUE EXHAUST
SEAL
Concentric Venting Arrangement
The venting is to be vertical through the roof. The annular
space between the O.D. of the vent pipe and the I.D. of the
existing unused venting system is utilized for the combustion
air source.
COMBUSTION AIR
EXISTING
AIR INLET
WITH SCREEN
SEAL
12"
MIN
The minimum size of the existing vent system required to
achieve enough annular space for combustion air can be
found in Table 5A below.
The upper and lower termination as well as any other unsealed
joints in the existing vent system must be sealed to ensure that
all combustion air is drawn from under the vent cap as shown
in FIG.’s 5-8 and 5-9.
SEALED
CAP
Approved venting materials must be used as specified in
Table 3D on page 19.
Follow all vent / air termination and clearance requirements
per this section to the appropriate example. Installation must
comply with local requirements and with the National Fuel
Gas Code.
*For concept illustration only. Individual
installations may vary due to job site specific
equipment.
IMG00227
Figure 5-9 Concentric Vent Example 2
The maximum allowable equivalent vent and air intake
lengths for this venting arrangement are to be determined
from the General Venting Section.
If an existing unused venting system is converted for use
with this method of concentric venting, the installer must
ensure that the existing venting system is clean and free from
particulate contamination that will harm this appliance and
cause increased nuisance calls or maintenance. See Table 1A
on page 10 for a list of corrosive contaminants and sources.
FLUE EXHAUST
SEAL
COMBUSTION AIR
EXISTING
AIR INLET
WITH SCREEN
SEAL
Two example scenarios of a concentric venting arrangement
are shown for illustrative purposes in FIG.’s 5-8 and 5-9.
SEALED
CAP
Table 5A Alternate Vertical Concentric Vent / Chase Sizes
Model
Vent / Air
Inlet Size
Minimum Existing
Vent / Chase Size
40 - 100
120
2"
3"
4"
5"
IMG00235
*For concept illustration only. Individual installations may
vary due to job site specific equipment.
32
Installation & Service Manual
5
Vertical direct venting
(continued)
Existing vent as a chase
Follow all existing termination and clearance requirements
and allowable pipe lengths. Use only approved venting
materials listed in the General Venting Section of this manual.
Figure 5-10 Existing Vent as a Chase
FLUE EXHAUST
AIR INLET
WITH SCREEN
SEAL
EXISTING
SEAL
SEALED
CAP
*For concept illustration only. Individual installations
IMG00236
may vary due to job site specific equipment.
33
Installation & Service Manual
6
Hydronic piping
System water piping methods
General piping information
The Cadet heating boiler is designed to function in a closed
loop pressurized system not less than 12 psi. A temperature
and pressure gauge is included to monitor system pressure
and outlet temperature and should be located on the boiler
outlet.
Basic steps are listed below along with illustrations on the
following pages (FIG.’s 6-4 through 6-6), which will guide you
through the installation of the Cadet heating boiler (reference
FIG.’s 6-2A and 6-2B).
1.
Connect the system return marked “Inlet”.
It is important to note that the boiler has a minimal
amount of pressure drop and must be figured in when
sizing the circulators. Each boiler installation must have
an air elimination device, which will remove air from
the system. Install the boiler so the gas ignition system
components are protected from water (dripping, spraying,
etc.) during appliance operation for basic service of circulator
replacement, valves, and others.
2.
Connect the system supply marked “Outlet”.
3.
Install purge and balance valve or shutoff valve and drain
on system return to purge air out of each zone.
4.
Install a backflow preventer on the cold feed make-up water
line.
5.
Install a pressure reducing valve on the cold feed makeup water line, (15 psi nominal). Check temperature and
pressure gauge (shipped separately), which should read a
minimum pressure of 12 psi.
6.
Install a circulator as shown on the piping diagrams in this
section. Make sure the circulator is properly sized for the
system and friction loss.
7.
Install an expansion tank on the system supply. Consult the
tank manufacturer’s instruction for specific information
relating to tank installation. Size the expansion tank for the
required system volume and capacity.
8.
Install an air elimination device on the system supply.
9.
Install a drain valve at the lowest point of the system.
Note: The boiler cannot be drained completely of water
without purging the unit with an air pressure of 15 psi.
Observe a minimum of a 1/4 inch clearance around all
un-insulated hot water pipes when openings around the pipes
are not protected by non-combustible materials.
Low water cutoff device
On a boiler installed above radiation level, some states and
local codes require a low water cutoff device at the time of
installation.
Chilled water system
If the boiler supplies hot water to heating coils in air handler
units, flow control valves or other devices must be installed to
prevent gravity circulation of heater water in the coils during
the cooling cycle. A chilled water medium must be piped in
parallel with the heater.
Freeze protection
Freeze protection for new or existing systems must use glycol
that is specially formulated for this purpose. This includes
inhibitors, which prevent the glycol from attacking the
metallic system components. Make certain to check that
the system fluid is correct for the glycol concentration and
inhibitor level. The system should be tested at least once
a year and as recommended by the producer of the glycol
solution. Allowance should be made for the expansion of the
glycol solution in the system piping.
WARNING
34
Use only inhibited propylene glycol
solutions, which are specifically formulated
for hydronic systems. Ethylene glycol is
toxic and can attack gaskets and seals used
in hydronic systems.
10. This appliance is supplied with a relief valve sized in
accordance with ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code,
Section IV (“Heating Boilers”). Pipe the discharge of the
safety relief valve to prevent injury in the event of pressure
relief. Pipe the discharge to a drain. Provide piping that is
the same size as the safety relief valve outlet. Never block
the outlet of the safety relief valve.
See the *piping illustrations included in this section, FIG.’s 6-4
through 6-6 for suggested guidelines in piping the Cadet heating
boiler with either zone valves or circulator pumps.
NOTICE
*Please note that these illustrations are
meant to show system piping concept only,
the installer is responsible for all equipment
and detailing required by local codes.
Installation & Service Manual
6
Hydronic piping
(continued)
Near boiler piping components
1. Boiler system piping:
Boiler system piping MUST be sized per the pipe
requirements listed in Table 6A. Reducing the pipe size
can restrict the flow rate through the boiler, causing
inadvertent high limit shutdowns and poor system
performance. Flow rates are based on 20 feet of piping,
4 - 90° elbows, and 2 - fully ported ball valves.
2. Boiler circulating pump:
Field supplied. Must be sized to meet the minimum
requirements listed in Table 6A on page 38.
3. Domestic hot water circulating pump:
Field supplied. The pump MUST be sized to meet
the specified minimum flow requirements listed in
Table 6A. Consult the indirect water heater operating
guide to determine flow characteristics for the selected
product used.
4. Boiler isolation valves:
Field supplied. Full port ball valves are required. Failure
to use full port ball valves could result in a restricted flow
rate through the boiler.
5. Check valves:
Field supplied. Check valves are recommended for
installation as shown in FIG.’s 6-4 through 6-6. Failure
to install check valves could result in a reverse flow
condition during pump(s) off cycle.
6. Domestic indirect hot water isolation valves:
Field supplied.
Full port ball valves are
required. Failure to use full port ball valves could
result in a restricted flow rate through the boiler.
7. Anti-scald mixing valve:
Field supplied. For use when utilizing the DHW option.
An anti-scald mixing valve is recommended when storing
domestic hot water above 115°F.
8. Unions:
Field supplied. Recommended for unit serviceability.
9. Temperature and pressure gauge:
Factory supplied. The temperature and pressure gauge is
shipped loose. It is the responsibility of the contractor to
install the temperature and pressure gauge on the boiler
water outlet.
10. Pressure relief valve:
Factory supplied. The pressure relief valve is sized to
ASME specifications.
11. Boiler purge valve:
Field supplied. The boiler purge valve is used to
remove entrapped air from the heat exchanger during
start-up.
12. System temperature sensor (optional):
The manufacturer offers a system temperature sensor
(KIT3078). The sensor is to be installed in the heating loop
downstream from the boiler hot water piping and
heating loop junction. Typically the sensor will be
located far enough downstream to sense system diluted
water temperature.
13. Indirect water heaters:
The Cadet heating boiler may be piped to an indirect
water heater to heat domestic hot water with the space
heat transfer medium. As depicted in the piping
diagrams on page 39 thru 41, the space heating piping
will branch off to flow the space heat transfer medium
through a heat exchanger coil inside the indirect water
heater.
The Cadet heating boiler is pre-configured to control
the operation of the DHW pump with Domestic Hot
Water Prioritization programming.
The DHW
Programming is designed to control and balance the
space heating demand by switching between DHW and
space heating.
The manufacturer offers a series of indirect water heaters
called the Squire. The Squire features a stainless steel
vessel with a single wall stainless steel heat exchanger.
WARNING The National Standard Plumbing Code, the
National Plumbing Code of Canada and the
Uniform Plumbing Code limit the pressure
of the heat transfer fluid to less than the
minimum working pressure of the potable
water system up to 30 psi maximum. Also,
the heat transfer fluid must be water or
other non-toxic fluid having a toxicity of
Class 1, as listed in Clinical Toxicology of
Commercial Products, 5th Edition.
14. Y-Strainer:
Field supplied. A Y-strainer or equivalent multipurpose
strainer is recommended at the inlet of the heat exchanger
to remove system particles from older hydronic systems and
protect newer systems.
35
Installation & Service Manual
6
Hydronic piping
Near boiler piping connections
Figure 6-2A Near Boiler Piping w/Y-Strainer
VENT AIR
CONDENSATE
DRAIN
TO FLOOR DRAIN
DOMESTIC
HOT WATER
PUMP
FROM
TO
CHECK
VALVE
BOILER
PUMP
Y-STRAINER
(RECOMMENDED)
AIR
SEPARATOR
FROM SYSTEM
INDIRECT
DOMESTIC
HOT WATER
TANK
TO SYSTEM
SYSTEM
PUMP
EXPANSION TANK
IMG00237
36
Installation & Service Manual
6
Hydronic piping
(continued)
Near boiler piping connections (cont’d)
Figure 6-2B Near Boiler Piping w/Low Loss Header
VENT
AIR
CONDENSATE
DRAIN
TO FLOOR DRAIN
DOMESTIC
HOT WATER
PUMP
FROM
TO
CHECK
VALVE
INDIRECT
DOMESTIC
HOT WATER
TANK
BOILER
PUMP
AIR
SEPARATOR
SYSTEM
PUMP
TO SYSTEM
Y-STRAINER
(RECOMMENDED)
FROM SYSTEM
LOW LOSS
HEADER
EXPANSION TANK
IMG00238
Circulator sizing
The Cadet heating boiler heat exchanger does have a pressure drop, which must be considered in your system design. Refer to
the graph in FIG. 6-3 for pressure drop through the Cadet heating boiler heat exchanger.
37
Installation & Service Manual
6
Hydronic piping
Figure 6-3 Pressure Drop vs. Flow
30
PRESSURE DROP (FEET OF HEAD)
25
20
40 Model
70 Model
15
100 Model
120 Model
10
5
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
FLOW RATE (GPM)
Table 6A Circulator Recommendations for Temperature Rise Applications_20°, 25°, and 35°
20°F Temperature Rise Applications
Pump
Model
GPM
FT/HD
Minimum Pipe
Size
Grundfos
TACO
B&G
Armstrong
40
70
100
120/120( C )
3.7
6.5
9.3
11.2
10.2
17.1
24.5
25.4
3/4"
1"
1"
1"
UPS15-58FC
UPS26-99FC
UPS26-99FC
UPS32-160
008-IFC
0014-IFC
0013-IFC
0013-IFC
NRF-36
NRF-36
NRF-36
NRF-36
E7
E7
E11
E11
B&G
NRF-22
NRF-36
NRF-36
NRF-36
Armstrong
E7
E7
E7
E7
B&G
NRF-22
NRF-22
NRF-36
NRF-36
Armstrong
Astro-30
Astro-30
Astro-30
Astro-30
25°F Temperature Rise Applications
Model
GPM
FT/HD
Minimum Pipe
Size
40
70
100
120/120( C )
3.0
5.2
7.4
8.9
6.9
10.9
15.7
15.5
3/4"
1"
1"
1"
Pump
Grundfos
UPS15-58FC
UPS15-58FC
UPS26-99FC
UPS26-99FC
TACO
007-IFC
008-IFC
0014-IFC
0011-IFC
35°F Temperature Rise Applications
Model
GPM
FT/HD
Minimum Pipe
Size
40
70
100
120/120( C )
2.1
3.7
5.3
6.4
3.9
6.0
8.8
9.0
3/4"
1"
1"
1"
NOTICE
Grundfos
UPS15-58FC
UPS15-58FC
UPS15-58FC
UPS15-58FC
Pump
TACO
006-IFC
006-IFC
008-IFC
008-IFC
The temperature rise provided by a pump/model combination will decrease by 3% per 1000 feet of elevation.
*Only pump supplied w/boiler is DHW pump on 120 Combi version.
38
Installation & Service Manual
6
Hydronic piping
(continued)
Figure 6-4 Single Boiler - Primary / Secondary Piping
PRESSURE
REDUCING VALVE
PRESSURE
GAUGE
BACKFLOW
PREVENTER
MAKE UP WATER
SYSTEM SUPPLY
SENSOR
(OPTIONAL)
AIR
SEPARATOR
MAY SUBSTITUTE LOW LOSS HEADER
TO
SYSTEM
BALL VALVE
(TYPICAL)
FROM
SYSTEM
NOT TO EXCEED 4 PIPE DIA OR MAX. OF 12" APART
SYSTEM
CIRCULATOR
Y-STRAINER
(RECOMMENDED)
EXPANSION
TANK
DRAIN POINT
(TYPICAL)
BOILER
CIRCULATOR
DOMESTIC
HOT WATER
CIRCULATOR
ANTI-SCALD
MIXING VALVE
HOT
WATER
OUT
COLD
WATER
IN
BOILER
PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
UNION
(TYPICAL)
INDIRECT
DHW TANK
DRAIN
TEMPERATURE /
PRESSURE
GAUGE
IMG00241
NOTICE
Please note that these illustrations are meant to show system piping concept only, the installer is responsible
for all equipment and detailing required by local codes.
39
Installation & Service Manual
6
Hydronic piping
Figure 6-5 Single Temperature Zoned with Circulators - DHW Priority
ZONE #1
PRESSURE
REDUCING VALVE
PRESSURE
GAUGE
ZONE #2 ZONE #3 ZONE #4
BACKFLOW
PREVENTER
FLOW CHECK
VALVE
(TYPICAL)
MAKE UP WATER
SYSTEM SUPPLY
SENSOR
(OPTIONAL)
ZONE CIRCULATORS
(TYPICAL)
AIR SEPARATOR
EXPANSION
TANK
BALL VALVE
(TYPICAL)
DRAIN POINT
(TYPICAL)
MAY SUBSTITUTE LOW LOSS HEADER
NOT TO EXCEED 4 PIPE DIA OR MAX. OF 12" APART
Y-STRAINER
(RECOMMENDED)
HOT
WATER
OUT
ANTI-SCALD
DOMESTIC
MIXING VALVE
HOT WATER
CIRCULATOR
BOILER
CIRCULATOR
COLD
WATER
IN
BOILER
UNION
(TYPICAL)
PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE /
PRESSURE
GAUGE
DRAIN
INDIRECT
DHW TANK
IMG00239
NOTICE
40
Please note that these illustrations are meant to show system piping concept only, the installer is responsible
for all equipment and detailing required by local codes.
Installation & Service Manual
6
Hydronic piping
(continued)
Figure 6-6 Multiple Boilers - Single Temperature Zoned with Circulators - DHW Priority
Model
40
70
100
120
2
3
Number of Units
4
5
6
7
Required Pipe Sizes
8
1" 1-1/4" 1-1/4" 1-1/2"
2"
2"
2"
1-1/4" 1-1/2" 2"
2"
2-1/2" 2-1/2" 2-1/2"
1-1/2" 2"
2" 2-1/2" 2-1/2" 3"
3"
2"
2" 2-1/2" 2-1/2"
3"
3" 3-1/2"
ZONE #1
PRESSURE
REDUCING VALVE
BACKFLOW
PREVENTER
PRESSURE
GAUGE
ZONE #2
ZONE #3
ZONE #4
MAKE UP
WATER
FLOW CHECK
VALVE
(TYPICAL)
SYSTEM SUPPLY
SENSOR
(OPTIONAL)
AIR SEPARATOR
ZONE CIRCULATORS
(TYPICAL)
EXPANSION
TANK
BALL VALVE
(TYPICAL)
DRAIN POINT
(TYPICAL)
BOILER
CIRCULATOR
MAY SUBSTITUTE LOW LOSS HEADER
NOT TO EXCEED 4 PIPE DIA OR MAX. OF 12" APART
Y-STRAINER
(RECOMMENDED) ANTI-SCALD
HOT
MIXING VALVE
(TYPICAL)
WATER
OUT
DOMESTIC
HOT WATER
CIRCULATOR
BOILER 2
TEMPERATURE /
PRESSURE
GAUGE
DRAIN
COLD
WATER
IN
BOILER 1
UNION
(TYPICAL)
INDIRECT
DHW TANK
PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
IMG00240
CAUTION
NOTICE
Mixing valves are required for the protection of low temperature loops.
Please note that these illustrations are meant to show system piping concept only, the installer is responsible
for all equipment and detailing required by local codes.
41
Installation & Service Manual
7
Gas connections
Connecting gas supply piping
1. Remove the front access panel and refer to FIG. 7-1
to pipe gas to the boiler.
a. Install a field supplied sediment trap / drip leg
upstream of the boiler gas controls.
2. Support piping with hangers, not by the boiler or its
accessories.
WARNING
Figure 7-1 Gas Supply Piping
The gas valve and blower will not support
the weight of the piping. Do not attempt
to support the weight of the piping with the
boiler or its accessories. Failure to comply
could result in severe personal injury, death,
or substantial property damage.
3. Purge all air from the gas supply piping.
4. Before placing the boiler in operation, check the boiler and
its gas connection for leaks.
a. Close manual main shutoff valve during any
pressure testing at more than 14 inches w.c.
b. Disconnect the boiler and gas valve from the gas
supply piping during any pressure testing greater
than 14 inches w.c.
MANUAL SHUTOFF VALVE
UNION
DRIP LEG
GAS SUPPLY
IMG00242
42
WARNING
Do not check for gas leaks with an open
flame – use the bubble test. Failure to
use the bubble test or check for gas leaks
can cause severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
5. Use pipe sealing compound compatible with propane gases.
Apply sparingly only to male threads of the pipe joints so
that pipe dope does not block gas flow.
Installation & Service Manual
7
Gas connections
WARNING
(continued)
Failure to apply pipe sealing compound
as detailed in this manual can result
in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
WARNING Cadet heating boilers are typically
shipped ready to fire on natural gas.
Check boiler rating plate to determine
which fuel the boiler is set for. If set to
natural gas, it may be converted to LP
by installing an orifice (see page 12).
In order to operate on LP gas, an orifice
MUST BE installed. Failure to comply
could result in severe personal injury,
death, or substantial property damage.
WARNING
Use two wrenches when tightening gas
piping at boiler (FIG. 7-2), using one
wrench to prevent the boiler gas line
connection from turning. Failure to
support the boiler gas connection pipe
to prevent it from turning could damage
gas line components.
Figure 7-2 Inlet Pipe with Backup Wrench
Natural gas:
Pipe sizing for natural gas
1. Refer to Table 7A for pipe length and diameter. Based on
rated boiler input (divide by 1,000 to obtain cubic feet per
hour).
a. Table 7A is only for natural gas with specific gravity
0.60 inches, with a pressure drop through the gas
piping of 0.3 inches w.c.
b. For additional gas pipe sizing information, refer to
ANSI Z223.1 (or B149.1 for Canadian installations).
Natural gas supply pressure requirements
1. Pressure required at the gas valve inlet pressure port:
• Maximum 14 inches w.c. with no flow (lockup) or with
boiler on.
• Minimum 4 inches w.c. with gas flowing (verify during
boiler startup).
2. Install 100% lockup gas pressure regulator in supply line if
inlet pressure can exceed 14 inches w.c. at any time. Adjust
lockup regulator for 14 inches w.c. maximum.
Propane Gas:
WARNING Cadet heating boilers are typically shipped
ready to fire on natural gas. Check boiler
rating plate to determine which fuel the
boiler is set for. If set to natural gas, it may be
converted to LP by installing an orifice (see
page 12). In order to operate on LP gas, an
orifice MUST BE installed. Failure to comply
could result in severe personal injury, death,
or substantial property damage.
Pipe sizing for propane gas
USE BACK UP WRENCH
TO PREVENT PIPE FROM
ROTATING
IMG00243
NOTICE
Maximum inlet gas pressure must not
exceed the value specified. Minimum
value listed is for the purposes of input
adjustment.
1. Contact gas supplier to size pipes, tanks, and 100%
lockup gas pressure regulator.
Propane Supply Pressure Requirements
1. Adjust propane supply regulator provided by the gas
supplier for 14 inches w.c. maximum pressure.
2. Pressure required at gas valve inlet pressure port:
• Maximum 14 inches w.c. with no flow (lockup) or with
boiler on.
• Minimum 8 inches w.c. with gas flowing (verify during
boiler startup).
WARNING
Ensure that the high gas pressure regulator
is at least 6 - 10 feet upstream of the
appliance.
43
Installation & Service Manual
7
Gas connections
Table 7A Natural Gas Pipe Size Chart
Capacity of Schedule 40 Metallic Pipe in Cubic Feet of Natural Gas Per Hour
(based on .60 specific gravity, 0.30" w.c. pressure drop)
Pipe
Size
(Inches)
10
1/2
131
90
72
3/4
1
1 1/4
273
514
1,060
188
353
726
151
284
583
1 1/2
1,580
1,090
873
2
3,050
2,090
2 1/2
4,860
3
8,580
4
Length of Pipe in Straight Feet
50
60
70
80
90
100
125
150
175
62
55
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
129
243
499
114
215
442
104
195
400
95
179
368
89
167
343
83
157
322
79
148
304
70
131
269
63
119
244
58
109
224
N/A
102
209
747
662
600
552
514
482
455
403
366
336
313
1,680
1,440
1,280
1,160
1,060
989
928
877
777
704
648
602
3,340
2,680
2,290
2,030
1,840
1,690
1,580
1,480
1,400
1,240
1,120
1,030
960
5,900
4,740
4,050
3,590
3,260
3,000
2,790
2,610
2,470
2,190
1,980
1,820
1,700
17,500 12,000
9,660
8,270
7,330
6,640
6,110
5,680
5,330
5,040
4,460
4,050
3,720
3,460
WARNING
20
30
40
200
Cadet heating boilers are typically shipped ready to fire on natural gas. Check boiler rating plate to determine
which fuel the boiler is set for. If set to natural gas, it may be converted to LP by installing an orifice (see page
12). In order to operate on LP gas, an orifice MUST BE installed. Failure to comply could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial property damage.
Check inlet gas supply
CSA or UL listed flexible gas connections
are acceptable, but you must exercise
caution to ensure that the line has
adequate capacity to allow your boiler
to fire at full rate. Consult with local
codes for proper installation or service
procedures.
DO NOT adjust gas valve outlet
WARNING
pressure. The gas valve is factory-set
for the correct outlet pressure. This
setting is suitable for natural gas and
propane, requiring no field adjustment.
Attempting to alter the gas valve outlet
pressure could result in damage to the
valve, causing potential severe personal
injury, death, or substantial property
damage.
The gas piping must be sized for the proper flow and length
of pipe, to avoid excessive pressure drop. Both the gas
meter and the gas regulator must be properly sized for the
total gas load.
3.
Loosen the set screw one (1) full turn from inside the
pressure tap on top of the gas valve. Place the tubing of
the manometer over the tap once the set screw is
loosened as shown in FIG. 7-3.
4.
Slowly turn on the gas supply at the field installed
manual gas valve.
5.
Turn ON power at source.
6.
Adjust the temperature set point on the control panel of
the boiler control module to call for heat.
7.
Observe the gas supply pressure as the burner fires at
100% of rated input. Percent of burner input will be
displayed on the control panel. Scroll through to see
percentage (%), but the flame symbol will constantly show
the input in increments of 20%.
8.
Ensure inlet pressure is within specified range.
Minimum and maximum gas supply pressures are
specified in this section of the manual.
9.
If gas supply pressure is within normal range and no
adjustments are needed, proceed on to Step 11.
If you experience a pressure drop greater than 1 inch w.c.,
the meter, regulator, or gas line is undersized or in need of
service. Perform the steps below when checking inlet gas
supply:
10. If the gas pressure is out of range, contact the gas utility,
gas supplier, qualified installer or service agency to
determine the necessary steps to provide proper gas
pressure to the control.
1.
Shut OFF power at source.
11. Turn OFF power at source.
2.
Shut off gas supply at the manual gas valve in the gas
piping to the appliance.
NOTICE
44
Installation & Service Manual
7
Gas connections
(continued)
12. Shut off the gas supply at the manual gas valve in the gas
piping to the appliance.
13. Remove the manometer from the pressure tap on top of
the gas valve. Re-tighten the set screw inside the pressure
tap.
WARNING
When re-tightening the set screw, be
sure to tighten securely to prevent gas
leaks.
Do not check for gas leaks with an open
flame -- use the bubble test. Failure to
use the bubble test or check for gas leaks
can cause severe personal injury, death,
or substantial property damage.
Gas Pressure
The gas pressure must remain between 4 inches w.c. (natural),
8 inches w.c. (LP) minimum and 14 inches w.c. (natural and
LP) maximum during stand-by (static) mode and while in
operating (dynamic) mode. If an in-line regulator is used, it
must be a minimum of 10 feet from the Cadet heating boiler. It
is very important that the gas line is properly purged by the gas
supplier or utility company. Failure to properly purge the lines
or improper line sizing, will result in ignition failure.
The problem is especially noticeable in NEW LP installations
and also in empty tank situations. This can also occur when
a utility company shuts off service to an area to provide
maintenance to their lines.
14. Turn on the gas supply at the manual gas valve.
Gas valve replacement
15. Turn ON power at source.
The gas valve MUST NOT be replaced with a conventional gas
valve under any circumstances.
16. Adjust the temperature set point on the control panel
of the boiler control module to the desired
water temperature so the appliance will call for heat.
17. Check burner performance by cycling the system while
you observe burner response. The burner should
ignite promptly. Flame pattern should be stable. Turn
system off and allow burner to cool, then cycle burner
again to ensure proper ignition and flame
characteristics.
WARNING
Failure to follow all precautions could
result in fire, explosion, or death!
WARNING
DO NOT adjust gas valve outlet pressure.
The gas valve is factory-set for the correct
outlet pressure. This setting is suitable
for natural gas and propane, requiring
no field adjustment. Attempting to
alter the gas valve outlet pressure could
result in damage to the valve, causing
potential severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Figure 7-3 Inlet Gas Supply Check
DETAIL
LOOSEN SET SCREW ONE (1)
FULL TURN THEN PLACE
TUBING OVER PRESSURE TAP
IMG00244
45
Installation & Service Manual
8
Field wiring
WARNING
NOTICE
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD – For
your safety, turn off electrical power supply
before making any electrical connections
to avoid possible electric shock hazard.
Failure to do so can cause severe personal
injury or death.
Wiring must be N.E.C. Class 1.
If original wiring as supplied with boiler
must be replaced, use only type 105°C
wire or equivalent.
Boiler must be electrically grounded as
required by National Electrical Code
ANSI/NFPA 70 – latest edition.
Line voltage connections
1. Remove the cover of the metal junction box as shown in
FIG. 8-1.
2. Connect 120 vac power wiring using wire nuts (field
supplied) to the labeled line voltage terminal wires in the
junction box.
3. Provide and install a fused disconnect or service switch
(15 amp recommended) as required by the code.
4. Wire the boiler pump (maximum 1.8 amps) to the
labeled wires inside the junction box.
5. When connecting a domestic hot water (DHW) pump
(maximum 1.8 amps), connect using field supplied wire
nuts to the labeled wires inside the junction box.
Label all wires prior to disconnection when
servicing controls. Wiring errors can cause Low voltage connections
improper and dangerous operation.
1. Route all low voltage wires through the knockouts in the
bottom front right side, just under the control panel, as
shown in FIG. 8-2.
Figure 8-1 Remove Metal Junction Box Cover
2. Connect low voltage wiring to low voltage connection board
as shown in FIG. 8-3 on page 48 of this manual and the
boiler wiring diagram.
CAUTION
NOTICE
Do not run low voltage wires next to high
voltage wires in the same conduit.
Figure 8-2 Routing Field Wiring
HIGH VOLTAGE
JUNCTION BOX
IMG00269
Installation must comply with:
1. National Electrical Code and any other national, state,
provincial, or local codes, or regulations.
LOW VOLTAGE
CONNECTION BOARD
2. In Canada, CSA C22.1 Canadian Electrical Code Part 1,
and any local codes.
LOW VOLTAGE
WIRING KNOCKOUTS
IMG00246
46
Installation & Service Manual
8
Field wiring
(continued)
Outdoor temperature sensor
In accordance with the United States Energy Policy and
Conservation Act, this boiler is equipped with outdoor air
reset, a feature that saves energy by reducing boiler water
temperature as heating load decreases. To use this feature,
the outdoor air sensor provided with the boiler must be
properly installed.
1.
Mount the sensor on an exterior wall, shielded from
direct sunlight or flow of heat or cooling from other
sources.
WARNING
Failure to use the correct sensor may result
in the tank temperature being either above
or below the set point.
3. If the TST20015 is not compatible with the indirect tank,
a tank thermostat can be used to control the boiler. The
tank thermostat should be installed per the manufacturers
instructions and wired to the DHW Thermostat terminals
on the Low Voltage Connection Board.
Flow switch
2. Route sensor wires through a knockout in the bottom
front right side of the boiler (see FIG. 8-2).
1. A flow switch is used to guarantee flow through the boiler
before allowing it to fire. The flow switch must be installed
at the boiler outlet.
3. Connect outdoor temperature sensor (FIG. 8-3) to the
outdoor sensor terminals on the connection board to
enable outdoor reset operation of the Cadet heating
boiler.
2. Connect the normally open contacts on the flow switch to
these terminals (FIG. 8-3).
Auxiliary limit switch
A field supplied auxiliary limit switch can be used for the gas
pressure switch. When installing the auxiliary limit switch,
please follow the kit instructions provided with the switch
and then proceed as follows:
1. If the auxiliary switch is mounted to the exterior of the
boiler, run the wires through a knockout in the bottom
front right side of the boiler. If the auxiliary limit switch
is mounted on the interior of the boiler, route the wires
to the connection board.
2. Once the wires are inside the boiler and near the
connection board, connect the wires to the auxiliary
limit switch terminals.
System supply sensor
1. By installing the optional system supply sensor into the
supply of the primary loop, the temperature of the primary
supply can be controlled. The boiler control automatically
detects the presence of this sensor, and controls the boiler
firing rate to maintain the system supply temperature to the
set point.
CAUTION
Do not install the system supply sensor into
the system return.
2. KIT3078 must be used for the system sensor.
3. Connect the system supply sensor to these terminals (FIG.
8-3).
DHW thermostat
1. Connect indirect water heater (DHW) thermostat (FIG.
8-3) to the DHW thermostat terminals on the connection
board. If a tank sensor is connected (see DHW Tank
Sensor below) the tank thermostat is ignored.
DHW tank sensor
1. By installing a tank sensor, the boiler control can
perform the tank thermostat function. The boiler
control automatically detects the presence of this sensor
and generates a DHW call for heat when the tank
temperature drops 6°F (3°C) below the tank set point
and finishes the call for heat when the tank temperature
reaches the tank set point.
2. The only sensor suitable for use with the boiler control
is the manufacturer's tank sensor (TST20015). Connect
the sensor leads to the Tank Sensor terminals on the Low
Voltage Connection Board.
47
Installation & Service Manual
8
Field wiring
Connection Board Configurations
Standard Altitude,Standard
(Non-Combi)
Standard Altitude, Combi
OJ2
Cut
Connected
Cut
Cut
Connected
Connected
High Altitude, Combi
Connected
Cut
LOW WATER
CUT OFF
(OPTIONAL)
AUXILIARY LIMIT
(FIELD SUPPLIED)
FLOW SWITCH
(FIELD SUPPLIED)
TANK THERMOSTAT
(FIELD SUPPLIED)
ROOM THERMOSTAT
(FIELD SUPPLIED)
TANK SENSOR
(OPTIONAL)
SYSTEM SUPPLY SENSOR
(OPTIONAL)
OUTDOOR SENSOR
(FACTORY SUPPLIED)
48
OJ1
High Altitude, Standard
(Non-Combi)
COM
NO
IMG00247
Figure 8-3 Low Voltage Field Wiring Connections
Installation & Service Manual
8
Field wiring
(continued)
Figure 8-4 Control Inputs
TANK THERMOSTAT
ROOM THERMOSTAT /
ZONE CONTROL
FLOW SWITCH
LOW VOLTAGE
CONNECTION
BOARD
SYSTEM SENSOR
OUTDOOR SENSOR
LOW WATER CUTOFF
INLET TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
OUTLET TEMPERATURE /
HIGH LIMIT SENSOR
FLUE GAS SENSOR
PRESSURE SWITCH
FLAME SENSOR
DISPLAY PANEL
BOILER CONTROL
MODULE
IMG00258
49
Installation & Service Manual
8
Field wiring
Figure 8-5 Control Outputs
LOW VOLTAGE
CONNECTION
BOARD
BOILER PUMP
DHW PUMP
IGNITOR
BLOWER
BOILER CONTROL
MODULE
GAS VALVE
DISPLAY PANEL
IMG00259
50
Installation & Service Manual
9
Condensate disposal
Condensate drain
NOTICE
1. This boiler is a high efficiency appliance that produces
condensate.
2. The bottom of the boiler has a 3/4 inch pipe for connection
of a 3/4 inch PVC pipe (FIG. 9-1).
3. Slope condensate tubing down and away from the boiler
into a drain or condensate neutralizing filter. Condensate
from the Cadet heating boiler will be slightly acidic
(typically with a pH from 3 to 5). Install a neutralizing
filter if required by local codes.
A Neutralizer Kit is available from the factory (KIT3087).
4. Do not expose condensate line to freezing temperatures.
5. Use only plastic tubing or piping as a condensate drain
line (FIG. 9-1).
NOTICE
Use materials approved by the authority
having jurisdiction. In the absence of other
authority, PVC and CPVC pipe must comply
with ASTM D1785 or D2845. Cement and
primer must comply with ASME D2564 or
F493. For Canada use CSA or ULC certified
PVC or CPVC pipe, fittings, and cement.
To allow for proper drainage on large
horizontal runs, a second line vent may be
required and tubing size may need to increase
to 1 inch.
The condensate line must remain
unobstructed, allowing free flow of
condensate. If condensate is allowed to
freeze in the line or if the line is obstructed in
any other manner, condensate can exit from
the boiler tee, resulting in potential water
damage to property.
6. A condensate removal pump is required if the boiler is
below the drain. When installing a condensate pump, select
one approved for use with condensing boilers and furnaces.
The pump should have an overflow switch to prevent
property damage from condensate spillage.
Figure 9-1 Condensate Disposal
CONDENSATE TRAP
REMOVABLE CAP
FOR CLEANING TRAP
CONDENSATE DRAIN CONNECTION ROUTE TO FLOOR DRAIN OR
NEUTRALIZING FILTER USING:
3/4" PVC PIPE & FITTINGS or
3/4" CPVC PIPE & FITTINGS
(FIELD SUPPLIED)
IMG00248
51
Installation & Service Manual
10
Start-up
Check/control water chemistry
CAUTION
Do not use petroleum-based cleaning or
sealing compounds in the boiler system.
Damage to elastomer seals and gaskets
in the system could occur, resulting in
substantial property damage.
Hardness less than 7 grains
1. Consult local water treatment companies for hard water
areas (above 7 grains hardness).
Chlorine concentration less than 200 ppm
1. Do not fill boiler or operate with water containing
chlorine in excess of 200 ppm.
2. Filling with chlorinated fresh water should be acceptable
since drinking water chlorine levels are much lower.
3. Fill to correct system pressure. Correct pressure will vary
with each application.
a.
The minimum cold water fill pressure for a
residential system is 12 psi.
b.
Pressure will rise when boiler is turned on and
system water temperature increases.
4. At initial fill and during boiler startup and testing, check
system thoroughly for any leaks. Repair all leaks before
proceeding further.
WARNING Eliminate all system leaks. Continual fresh
makeup water will reduce boiler life. Minerals
can build up in the heat exchanger, reducing
heat transfer, overheating the heat exchanger,
and causing heat exchanger failure.
3. Do not use the boiler to directly heat swimming pool or
spa water.
Purge air from water system
Test/replace freeze protection fluid
1. Purge air from system:
a. Connect a hose to the purge valve (see purge/drain
valves, in piping diagrams on pages 39 through 41).
Route the hose to an area where water can drain and
be seen.
b. Close the boiler or system isolation valve between
the purge valve and fill connection to the system.
c. Close zone isolation valves.
d. Open quick-fill valve on cold water makeup line.
e. Open purge valve.
f. One zone at a time, open the isolation valves. Allow
water to run through the zone, pushing out the air.
Run until no noticeable air flow is present. Close the
zone isolation valves and proceed with the next zone.
Follow this procedure until all zones are purged.
g. Close the quick-fill water valve and purge valve and
remove the hose. Open all isolation valves. Watch
that system pressure rises to correct cold-fill
pressure.
h. After the system has operated for a while, eliminate
any residual air by using the manual air vents located
throughout the system.
i. If purge valves are not installed in the system, open
the manual air vents in the system one at a time,
beginning with the lowest floor. Close the vent when
water squirts out. Repeat with remaining vents.
1. For systems using freeze protection fluids, follow fluid
manufacturer’s instructions.
2. Freeze protection fluid must be replaced periodically due
to degradation of inhibitors over time. Follow all fluid
manufacturer’s instructions.
Freeze protection (when used)
1.
Determine freeze protection fluid quantity using
system water content, following fluid manufacturer’s
instructions. Boiler water content is listed on page 6.
Remember to include expansion tank water content.
2.
Local codes may require a backflow preventer or actual
disconnect from city water supply.
3.
When using freeze protection fluid with automatic fill,
install a water meter to monitor water makeup. Freeze
protection fluid may leak before the water begins to
leak, causing concentration to drop, reducing the freeze
protection level.
Fill and test water system
1. Fill system only after ensuring the water meets the
requirements of this manual.
2. Close manual and automatic air vents and boiler drain
valve.
2. Open automatic air vent (diaphragm-type or bladder-type
expansion tank systems only) one turn.
3. Open other vents:
a. Starting on the lowest floor, open air vents one at a
time until water squirts out.
b. Repeat with remaining vents.
4. Refill to correct pressure.
52
Installation & Service Manual
10
Start-up
(continued)
Purge air from heat exchanger
1. Attach a 5/16" flexible clear tube (rated for a maximum
temperature of 120°F) over the barbed nipple on the
manual air vent as shown in FIG. 10-1.
2. Fasten a wire tie (field supplied) securely around the tube
attached to the barbed nipple on the manual air vent to
keep the plastic tube from separating from the barbed
nipple when purging the system.
3. Turn the manual air vent to the open position as shown
in FIG. 10-1. Air and water should drain freely from the
system.
4. Once the water is flowing freely from the end of the hose
(water ONLY), close the manual air vent.
5. Once the valve is closed, remove the tube from the manual
air vent.
Figure 10-2 Condensate Trap
HOSE BARB
MOUNTING NUT
FLOAT BALL
CONDENSATE
DRAIN
Figure 10-1 Manual Air Vent
REMOVABLE CAP TO
CLEAN OUT TRAP
SECURE HOSE BEFORE
OPENING VALVE
IMG00249
CLEAR HOSE RATED
FOR MINIMUM 120°F
Check thermostat circuit(s)
VALVE OPENED
1. Disconnect the external wire connected to the room
thermostat terminal on the connection board.
VALVE CLOSED
Check for gas leaks
IMG00272
Before starting the boiler, and during
initial operation, smell near the floor and
around the boiler for gas odorant or any
unusual odor. Remove the front access
panel and smell the interior of the boiler
enclosure. Do not proceed with startup
if there is any indication of a gas leak.
Use an approved leak detection solution.
Repair any leaks at once.
DO
NOT adjust gas valve outlet pressure.
WARNING
The gas valve is factory set for the correct
outlet pressure. This setting is suitable
for natural gas and propane, requiring
no field adjustment. Attempting to
alter the gas valve outlet pressure could
result in damage to the valve, causing
potential severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Propane boilers only – Your propane
WARNING
supplier mixes an odorant with the propane
to make its presence detectable. In some
instances, the odorant can fade, and the
gas may no longer have an odor. Before
startup (and periodically thereafter), have
the propane supplier verify the correct
odorant level in the gas.
WARNING
2. Connect a voltmeter across these two incoming wires.
Close each thermostat, zone valve, and relay in the external
circuit one at a time and check the voltmeter reading across
the incoming wires.
3. There should NEVER be a voltage reading.
4. If a voltage does occur under any condition, check and
correct the external wiring. (This is a common problem
when using 3-wire zone valves.)
5. Once the external thermostat circuit wiring is checked and
corrected if necessary, reconnect the external thermostat
circuit wires to the connection board.
Inspect condensate system
Inspect/check condensate lines and fittings
Inspect the condensate drain line, condensate PVC fittings and
condensate trap.
Clean/Inspect Trap Assembly
Remove the clean out cap on the bottom of the trap. Let the
condensate and any debris drain out.
53
Installation & Service Manual
10
Start-up
Final checks before starting the boiler
 Check vent piping and air piping
 Read this manual to familiarize yourself with boiler
control module operation. Reference page 55 for proper
steps to start boiler.
1. Check for gastight seal at every connection, seam of air
piping, and vent piping.
 Verify the boiler and system are full of water and all
system components are correctly set for operation.
WARNING
Venting system must be sealed gastight
to prevent flue gas spillage and carbon
monoxide emissions, which will result in
severe personal injury or death.
 Verify the preparation procedures of Section 10, pages 52
and 53 have been completed.
 Check gas piping
 Verify electrical connections are correct and securely
attached.
1. Check around the boiler for gas odor following the
procedure on page 42 of this manual (connecting gas supply
piping).
 Inspect vent piping and air piping for signs of deterioration
from corrosion, physical damage or sagging. Verify air
piping and vent piping are intact and correctly installed
per this manual.
WARNING
Start the boiler
1. Read and follow the Operating instructions in FIG. 10-2,
page 55.
If boiler does not start correctly
1. Check for loose connections, blown fuse or service switch
off?
 Propane boilers – verify conversion
1. Verify propane conversion has been completed per the
Propane Conversion instructions.
WARNING
DO NOT adjust gas valve outlet pressure.
The gas valve is factory-set for the correct
outlet pressure. This setting is suitable
for natural gas and propane, requiring
no field adjustment. Attempting to alter
the gas valve outlet pressure could result
in damage to the valve, causing potential
severe personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
WARNING
Cadet heating boilers are typically shipped
ready to fire on natural gas. Check boiler
rating plate to determine which fuel the
boiler is set for. If set to natural gas, it may
be converted to LP by installing an orifice
(see page 12). In order to operate on LP
gas, an orifice MUST BE installed. Failure
to comply could result in severe personal
injury, death, or substantial property
damage.
2. Is boiler water temperature above 200°F?
3. Is thermostat set below room temperature?
4. Is gas turned on at meter or boiler?
5. Is incoming gas pressure less than 4 inches w.c.?
If none of the above corrects the problem, refer to the
Troubleshooting Section.
Check system and boiler
 Check water piping
1. Check system piping for leaks. If found, shut down
the boiler and repair immediately. (See WARNINGS
on pages 52 and 53 (startup) regarding failure to repair
leaks.)
2. Vent any remaining air from the system using manual
vents. Air in the system will interfere with circulation
and cause heat distribution problems and noise.
If you discover evidence of any gas leak,
shut down the boiler at once. Find the
leak source with a bubble test and repair
immediately. Do not start the boiler again
until corrected. Failure to comply could
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Check flame and combustion
1. Turn the main power off to the boiler.
2. Remove the flue temperature sensor from the heat
exchanger. Note: Combustion measurements will be made
at this point.
54
Installation & Service Manual
10
Start-up
(continued)
Figure 10-2 Operating Instructions
LBL20274 REV A
55
Installation & Service Manual
10
Start-up
Check flame and combustion (continued)
Please note that the brackets ([]) denote
screen status.
NOTICE
3. Place the boiler into the active position by pressing the
UP button for five (5) seconds (FIG. 11-1, page 63).
4. Press ENTER plus the UP button for 5 seconds to enter
Service Mode.
5. Insert the probe from a combustion analyzer into the hole
left by the removal of the flue temperature sensor.
6. Once the boiler has modulated up to full fire, measure
the combustion. The values should be in the range listed
in Table 10A below. The CO levels should be less than
150 ppm for a properly installed unit.
If the combustion is not within the specified range,
reference Section 13 - Troubleshooting for possible
causes and corrective actions.
Set space heating operation
Determine controlling sensor
For space heating systems, the temperature control can be based
on the outlet or the system supply sensor (optional). The
control will automatically switch to the system supply sensor
once it is connected.
Verify space heat circulator operation
The Space Heating Mode controls the boiler pump. When
the boiler control receives a space heating call for heat and the
boiler is not heating an indirect DHW (Domestic Hot Water)
tank, and the set point is not met, it turns on the boiler pump.
After the space heating call for heat ends and the boiler pump
was running, it continues to run for a short period of time. This
pump delay is factory set to 30 seconds.
Adjust set point temperature
1.
Press the ENTER key and hold for five seconds until “u01”
appears in the middle of the screen.
2.
Press the ENTER key again and “u02” will appear in the
screen along with the current SH set point.
3.
Press the UP and DOWN keys to adjust the set point.
4.
Press the ENTER key twice to save the new SH set point and
return to the default screen.
Table 10A Flue Products Chart
Natural Gas
CO2
8.0% - 10%
O2
Propane
CO2
O2
3.0% - 6.5% 10.0% - 11% 4.1% - 5.4%
7.
Once the combustion analysis is complete, exit Service
Mode.
8.
Turn the main power off to the boiler and replace the
flue temperature sensor into the heat exchanger.
9.
Place the boiler back into normal operation.
WARNING
56
You must replace the flue gas temperature
sensor to prevent flue gas spillage into
the room. Failure to comply could
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
Set domestic hot water (DHW) operation
Verify DHW operation (if used)
When a DHW demand begins, the control will start the DHW
pump, turn off the boiler pump (if running), and modulate to
bring the outlet temperature to the DHW boiler set point.
Set boiler DHW target temperature
When in the DHW Mode, the control will modulate to maintain
the boiler outlet temperature to a set point. This set point is
set at the factory to 180°F. If a different set point is desired,
the appropriate parameter in the control must be changed.
Reference Section 11 - Operating Information for a detailed
explanation of this procedure.
Installation & Service Manual
11
Operating information
General
How the boiler operates
The Cadet heating boiler uses an advanced stainless steel heat
exchanger and electronic control module that allows fully
condensing operation. The blower pulls in air and pushes
flue products out of the boiler through the heat exchanger
and flue piping. The control module regulates blower speed
to control the boiler firing rate. The gas valve senses the
amount of air flowing into the boiler and allows only the right
amount of gas to flow.
How the control module operates
The boiler control module receives inputs from boiler sensors
and external devices. The control module activates and
controls the blower and gas valve to regulate heat input and
switches the boiler and Domestic Hot Water (DHW) pumps
on and off as needed. The user programs the module to
meet system needs by adjusting control parameters. These
parameters set operating temperatures and boiler operating
modes. Boiler operation can be based on boiler outlet water
temperature or system supply temperature.
Control inputs and outputs
Room thermostat
The room thermostat input tells the boiler to provide heat for
space heating.
DHW priority
The boiler control allows the connection of a DHW thermostat
or tank sensor to the low voltage connection board. On
standard boilers, when a tank sensor is connected, the tank
thermostat input is ignored. On combi boilers, the DHW
flow switch is connected to the tank thermostat input.
DHW / space heating (SH) cycling
If a DHW call for heat is received while a space heating call
is in progress, the control will start the DHW pump and shut
the boiler pump off. If the space heating call is still active
while the DHW call is in operation, the control will wait
for 30 minutes, then it will switch back to the space heating
demand. The control will switch back and forth until one of
the heat demands end.
Anti-cycling
After the burner turns off, the control will delay the next
burner cycle for a set time period. The time delay will be
bypassed if the inlet water temperature drops too far during
the delay.
Boiler pump control
The boiler pump will run whenever the burner is firing, unless
the boiler is heating the DHW tank. The boiler pump will
run during Freeze Protection Mode as well. It will continue
to run for a short time after the burner turns off or the Freeze
Protection Mode ends.
Temperature control
Modulation
The Cadet heating boiler is capable of modulating its firing
rate from a minimum of 20% to a maximum of 100%. The
firing rate is dictated by the call for heat (i.e., space heating
or domestic hot water), the heating load, and various other
temperature limitations.
Gradient limiting
If during operation of the boiler the outlet water temperature
is rising too quickly, the control will reduce the firing rate to its
lowest setting.
Outdoor air reset
With the outdoor air sensor connected, the control module
will calculate the set point space heating demand based on the
programmed reset curve. The installer can change the slope
of the reset curve by two (2) adjustable parameters. The user
can limit the maximum set point for the system using the space
heating set point.
Flame current support
To prevent nuisance shutdowns when the boiler is firing at low
rates, the control will increase the firing rate when the flame
signal drops too low.
Protection features
Outlet temperature, flue temperature, and temperature
rise limiting
The outlet temperature is monitored by the boiler outlet
temperature sensor. When the outlet temperature exceeds
185°F, the unit will reduce the maximum fan speed. If the outlet
water temperature exceeds 195°F the control will shut the unit
down until it cools off.
The control module monitors the flue temperature by a sensor
located in the flue exhaust. If the flue temperature exceeds
215°F the control will reduce the maximum fan speed. If
the flue temperature exceeds 240°F the control will shut the
unit down. The unit will restart automatically once the flue
temperature drops 25°F and the minimum off time has expired.
57
Installation & Service Manual
11
Operating information
The control monitors the temperature difference between
the inlet and the outlet sensor. If this difference exceeds
55°F the control will reduce the maximum fan speed. If
the temperature difference exceeds 60°F the control will
shut the unit down. The unit will restart automatically once
the temperature difference has dropped below 55°F and the
minimum off time has expired.
Freeze protection
DO NOT install the boiler in a room likely to freeze.
The following integral feature of the boiler control module
provides some protection for the boiler only -- not for the
system.
The boiler control module provides freeze-up protection as
follows:
•
•
•
Below 45°F, the boiler operates constantly.
Below 37°F, the boiler turns on.
Boiler and pumps turn off if boiler water
temperature rises above 45°F.
NOTICE
CAUTION
When system return temperatures
are maintained below the dew point,
condensation will form on the inside of the
boiler jacket causing some internal sheet
metal components to rust.
This feature of the boiler control module
does not eliminate the possibility of freezing.
The installation must still use recognized
design, installation and maintenance practice
to prevent freeze potential for the boiler and
system.
Monitor external limits
Connections are provided on the connection board for external
limits such as a flow switch or low water cutoff. The boiler
control will shut off the burner and inhibit relighting whenever
any of these external limits open.
Boiler temperature regulation
Operating temperature (target)
The boiler control module senses water temperature and
regulates boiler firing rate to achieve a target temperature. The
target temperature is calculated as described in this section
under "Outdoor Reset Operation" when the outdoor sensor is
connected. The maximum target temperature can be limited by
the user using the space heating set point. This temperature can
be set between 32°F and 190°F. If the outdoor sensor is shorted
or not properly installed, the target temperature is fixed at the
space heating set point.
High limit operations
The Cadet heating boiler is equipped with an adjustable
automatic reset high limit and a fixed manual reset high
limit. The automatic reset high limit has a maximum set
point of 200°F and the manual reset high limit has a set point
of 210°F.
When the outlet temperature exceeds 200°F, the automatic
high limit action occurs. The boiler shuts down until the
outlet water temperature cools below 190°F, and a 60 second
timer has expired. If the outlet temperature continues to
increase, the manual reset high limit action will occur at
210°F.
High limit setting procedure
Please note that the brackets ([]) denote
screen status.
Turn ON the main power to the boiler by placing the
ON/OFF switch in the ON position.
If boiler status reads [OFF] place the boiler into
the active position by pressing the UP
key for 5 seconds.
Press ENTER plus the DN button for 5 seconds.
Press the ENTER button until [P90] appears.
Press the UP/DN button to change the high limit set
point.
Press ENTER three (3) times to save the new parameters
(or Control Time Out will save automatically).
NOTICE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Low water cutoff protection
1.
2.
The boiler control module uses temperature sensing of
both supply and return ports of the heat exchanger. If the
flow rate is too low or the outlet temperature too high,
the control module modulates and shuts the boiler down.
This ensures boiler shutdown in the event of low water or
low flow conditions.
Some codes and jurisdiction may accept these integral
features of the control in lieu of requiring an additional
limit control or low water cutoff. Consult local
jurisdiction to determine. A low water cutoff is available
from the factory (WTR20009).
Outdoor reset operation
Target temperature with outdoor reset
This feature improves the system’s efficiency by reducing
boiler water set point as the outdoor temperature warms up.
Reset curve
The reset curve looks at outdoor air temperature and
automatically adjusts boiler water temperature in relation to
heat demand based on the settings of P01 and P02 parameters.
Outdoor air shutdown
Outdoor air shutdown specifies the outdoor air temperature
at which there is no longer a space heating demand.
58
Installation & Service Manual
11
Operating information
(continued)
User programming sequence
ON/OFF
Press UP for 5 seconds to
either Turn On or Off Unit
Base State Screen
Show Status and Temperatures (Default is Outlet Temperature)
Press
ENTER for 5
seconds to
Enter User
Parameters
Set Degrees in °C or
°F by Pressing UP or
DOWN
Press
ENTER
Set Space Heat Mode
Setpoint by Pressing
UP
or DOWN (Based
Aer
Timeout
on System Sensor if
Installed, Otherwise
Outlet Sensor)
Press
ENTER
Set DHW Mode
Setpoint by Pressing
UP or DOWN (Based
on Tank/DHW Sensor if
Installed, Otherwise
Outlet Sensor)
Press
ENTER
After Timeout
Save New User Parameters
to Control
59
Installation & Service Manual
11
Operating information
Installer programming sequence
ON/OFF
Press UP for 5 seconds to
either Turn On or Off
Base State Screen
Show Status and Temperatures
Press
ENTER
& DOWN for
5 seconds to
Enter Installer
Menu
Set Space Heat
Setpoint at MIN
Outdoor Temperature
- Press UP or
DOWN to change
Temperature
Press
ENTER
Set Space Heat
Setpoint at MAX
Outdoor Temperature
- Press UP or
DOWN to change
Temperature
Press
ENTER
Set Outdoor
Shutdown Temperature
- Press UP or DOWN
to Change Temperature
Press
ENTER
Set Auto Reset High
Limit Temperature
- Press UP or DOWN
to Change
Temperature
Press
ENTER
Set DHW Boiler
Setpoint
- Press UP or DOWN
to Change
Temperature
Press
ENTER
Set MAX Space Heat
Setpoint
- Press UP or DOWN
to Change
Temperature
Press
ENTER
Save New Installer
Parameters to Control
60
After Timeout
Installation & Service Manual
11
Operating information
(continued)
Parameter table
Table 11-1 This table lists boiler control module parameters and where to access them
Code
User Access
Description
Installer Access
Display
Modify
Display
Modify
u01
Temperature Units (°C/°F)
Yes
Yes
No
No
u02
Set SH Set point Temperature
Yes
Yes
No
No
u03
Set DHW Tank Set point
Yes
Yes
No
No
P01
Set SH Set point at Minimum Outdoor Temperature
No
No
Yes
Yes
P02
Set SH Set point at Maximum Outdoor Temperature
No
No
Yes
Yes
P03
Set Outdoor Shutdown Temperature
No
No
Yes
Yes
P04
Change Auto Reset High Limit Temperature
No
No
Yes
Yes
P10
Change Boiler DHW Set point Temperature
No
No
Yes
Yes
P90
Change Maximum SH Set point Temperature
No
No
Yes
Yes
Viewable and changeable control parameters
CAUTION
Before changing parameters, note the
settings so that the unit can be returned to
its original operating parameters.
Temperature Units (°C/°F)
The control can be configured to display temperature in
either °C or °F. This parameter can be changed by accessing
parameter u01.
Set Set point Temperature
The Space Heat Demand Temperature can be adjusted UP or
DOWN by accessing parameter u02. This set point will limit
the maximum temperature on the outdoor reset curve. The
temperature range is 32°F to parameter P90.
Set tank DHW Tank Set point (if tank sensor present)
The DHW Set point Temperature can be adjusted UP or
DOWN by accessing parameter u03. Temperature range is
60°F to 185°F.
Set SH Set point at Minimum Outdoor Temperature
When the outdoor air temperature drops to 25°F, the
calculated set point will be at this setting (reference Table
11-3 on page 62). If the outdoor air temperature drops
further, the set point will continue to increase above this
setting. However, if SH set point is set lower than the
calculated set point, the water temperature will be limited by
the SH set point instead. This parameter can be changed by
the installer by accessing the P01. Temperature range is 68°F
to 250°F.
Set SH Set point at Maximum Outdoor Temperature
When the outdoor air temperature rises to or above
70°F, the calculated set point will be at this setting. This
parameter can be changed by the installer by accessing
parameter P02. Temperature range is 68°F to parameter
P90.
Set Outdoor Shutdown Temperature
When the outdoor temperature rises above this point, the
control will block all SH demands (DHW demands will
still be active). These parameters can be changed by the
installer by accessing parameter P03. Temperature range
is 32°F to 104°F.
Change Auto Reset High Limit Temperature
The Auto Reset High Limit Temperature can be adjusted
UP or DOWN by accessing parameter P04. Temperature
range is 32°F to 200°F.
Change Boiler DHW Set point
The Boiler Tank Set point is the boiler set point for the
indirect tank. It can be adjusted UP or DOWN by accessing
parameter P10. Temperature range is 68°F to 190°F.
Change Maximum SH Set point
The Maximum Space Heat Demand Set point Temperature
can be adjusted UP or DOWN by accessing parameter P90.
Temperature range is 32°F to 190°F.
61
Installation & Service Manual
11
Operating information
Table 11-2 Lockout, Blocking and Notification Codes
Error Codes with Explanation
Lockout Codes
E00
Invalid Lockout
E01
Memory Lockout
E02
Fan Speed Fault
E04
Flow Switch Fault
E05
Flame Out of Sequence
E06
Auto Reset Hi Limit
E07
Air Pressure Switch
E08
Heat Exchanger Limit
E09
Auxiliary Limit
E11
No Flame Running
E12
No Flame Ignition
E13
Flue Temperature Limit
E15
Manual Reset Hi Limit
E18
Outlet Sensor Differential
E19
Flue Sensor Open/Short
E21
Outlet Sensor Open/Short
E22
Inlet Sensor Open
E23
Inlet Sensor Short
Blocking Codes
b01
Setpoint Met
b02
Anticycling
b03
Outlet Temperature Too High
b04
Delta T Too High
b05
Flue Temperature Too High
b06
Low Voltage
Notification Codes (Unit is still Running)
n01 Fan Limited due to No Flue Sensor Change
n02 Fan Limited due to High Outlet Temperature
n03
Fan Limited due to High Delta T
n04
Fan Limited due to High Flue Temperature
n05
Fan Increased due to Low Flame Current
n06
DHW Sensor Fault (Combi Only)
n07
Inlet Sensor Open
n08
Inlet Sensor Shorted
n09
Outdoor Sensor Required
Access modes
User
Press the ENTER button for 5 seconds.
Installer
Most parameters are available only to the installer, accessible
by entering the installer key combination: Press the ENTER
and DOWN buttons simultaneously for 5 seconds.
Saving parameters (reference the Parameter Table
on page 61 of this manual)
To save parameters and exit programming:
Press the ENTER button to go to the end of the Parameter
List, then press ENTER again. Otherwise, the parameters
will be saved automatically after Timeout.
To enter a parameter and continue programming:
Press the UP or DOWN button to change parameters. Press
ENTER to move to the next parameter and to the end of
the Parameter List. Press ENTER to save and return to
the Base Screen. Otherwise, the parameters will be saved
automatically after Timeout.
Table 11-3 Outdoor Air Table
WATER
TEMPERATURE
SET POINT
P01
MAXIMUM RESET
(DEFAULT = 180°F)
u02
USER SET POINT
(DEFAULT = 120°F)
P02
MINIMUM RESET
(DEFAULT = 70°F)
OUTDOOR AIR
TEMPERATURE
IMG00349
62
25°F (FIXED)
OUTDOOR AIR
AT MAXIMUM RESET
70°F (FIXED)
OUTDOOR AIR
AT MINIMUM RESET
Installation & Service Manual
11
Operating information
(continued)
Cadet heating boiler control module
Use the control panel (FIG. 11-1) to set temperatures, operating conditions, and monitor boiler operation.
Figure 11-1 Control Panel Indicators
MODULATION INCREMENTS
(20% INCREMENTS) OF
FIRING CONTROL
DOWN BUTTON
“RESET” LOCKOUT OR “SET”
FOR CHANGING SETTINGS
ENTER BUTTON
SERVICE MODE
FREEZE PROTECTION
UP BUTTON
DOMESTIC HOT WATER PUMP
DOMESTIC HOT WATER DEMAND
BOILER PUMP
RESET BUTTON
SPACE HEAT DEMAND
DISPLAY SCREEN
63
Installation & Service Manual
12
Maintenance
Maintenance and annual startup
Table 12A Service and Maintenance Schedules
Owner maintenance
Service technician
(see the following pages for instructions)
(see the Cadet Heating Boiler User’s Information
Manual for instructions)
General:
• Address reported problems
• Check boiler area
• Inspect interior; clean and vacuum if
necessary;
Daily
• Clean condensate trap
• Check pressure/temperature
gauge
ANNUAL START-UP
• Check for leaks (water, gas, flue,
condensate)
• Verify flue and air lines in good condition
and sealed tight
• Check vent piping
• Check system water pressure/system
piping/expansion tank
• Check air piping
Monthly
• Check control settings
• Check ignition and flame sense
electrodes (sand off any deposits; clean
and reposition)
• Check air and vent termination
screens
• Check relief valve
• Check condensate drain system
• Check wiring and connections
• Check air vents
• Perform start-up checkout and
performance verification per Section 10
of this manual.
• Flame inspection (stable, uniform)
• Test low water cutoff (if used)
Periodically
• Reset button (low water cutoff)
• Flame signal (at least 10 microamps at
high fire)
• Clean the heat exchanger if flue
temperature is more than 54°F above
return water temperature.
If combustion or performance
indicate need:
Every
6 months
• Check boiler piping (gas and
water) for leaks
• Operate relief valve
• Clean heat exchanger
• Remove the
assembly.
64
door
and
burner
End
of season
months
• Shut boiler down (unless boiler
used for domestic hot water)
Installation & Service Manual
12
Maintenance
WARNING
(continued)
Follow the Service and maintenance procedures given throughout this manual and in component literature
shipped with the boiler. Failure to perform the service and maintenance could result in damage to the boiler
or system. Failure to follow the directions in this manual and component literature could result in severe
personal injury, death, or substantial property damage.
WARNING The boiler should be inspected annually only by a qualified service technician. In addition, the maintenance
and care of the boiler designated in Table 12A and explained on the following pages must be performed to
assure maximum boiler efficiency and reliability. Failure to service and maintain the boiler and system could
result in equipment failure.
WARNING
Electrical shock hazard – Turn off power to the boiler before any service operation on the boiler except as
noted otherwise in this instruction manual. Failure to turn off electrical power could result in electrical shock,
causing severe personal injury or death.
Address reported problems
1. Inspect any problems reported by the owner and correct
before proceeding.
Check all piping for leaks
WARNING
Inspect boiler area
1. Verify that boiler area is free of any combustible materials,
gasoline and other flammable vapors and liquids.
2. Verify that air intake area is free of any of the contaminants
listed in Section 1 of this manual. If any of these are
present in the boiler intake air vicinity, they must be
removed. If they cannot be removed, reinstall the air and
vent lines per this manual.
Eliminate all system or boiler leaks.
Continual fresh makeup water will reduce
boiler life. Minerals can build up in tubes,
reducing heat transfer, overheating heat
exchanger, and causing heat exchanger
failure. Leaking water may also cause severe
property damage.
1. Inspect all water and gas piping and verify to be leak free.
2. Look for signs of leaking lines and correct any problems
found.
Inspect boiler interior
3. Check gas line using the procedure found in Section 7 Gas Connections.
1. Remove the front access cover and inspect the interior of
the boiler.
Flue vent system and air piping
2. Vacuum any sediment from inside the boiler and
components. Remove any obstructions.
1.
Visually inspect the entire flue gas venting system and air
piping for blockage, deterioration or leakage. Repair any
joints that show signs of leakage. Verify that air inlet pipe
is connected and properly sealed.
2.
Verify that boiler vent discharge and air intake are clean
and free of obstructions.
Clean condensate trap
1. Remove the clean out cap on the bottom of the trap. Let
the condensate and any debris drain out.
2. Replace the clean out cap and resume operation.
Figure 12-1 Condensate Trap
WARNING Failure to inspect for the above conditions
and have them repaired can result in severe
personal injury or death.
Check water system
HOSE BARB
1. Verify all system components are correctly installed and
operational.
MOUNTING NUT
2. Check the cold fill pressure for the system. Verify it is
correct (must be a minimum of 12 psi).
FLOAT BALL
CONDENSATE
DRAIN
3. Watch the system pressure as the boiler heats up (during
testing) to ensure pressure does not rise too high.
Excessive pressure rise indicates expansion tank sizing or
performance problem.
4. Inspect air vents and air separators. Remove air vent caps
and briefly press push valve to flush vent. Replace caps.
Make sure vents do not leak. Replace any leaking vents.
REMOVABLE CAP TO
CLEAN OUT TRAP
IMG00249
65
Installation & Service Manual
12
Maintenance
Check expansion tank
1. Expansion tanks provide space for water to move in
and out as the heating system water expands due to
temperature increase or contracts as the water cools.
Tanks may be open, closed or diaphragm or bladder
type. See Section 6 - Hydronic Piping for suggested best
location of expansion tanks and air eliminators.
Check boiler relief valve
1. Inspect the relief valve and lift the lever to verify flow.
Before operating any relief valve, ensure that it is piped
with its discharge in a safe area to avoid severe scald
potential. Read Section 6 - Hydronic Piping before
proceeding further.
Following installation, the valve lever
WARNING must be operated AT LEAST ONCE
A YEAR to ensure that waterways are
clear.
Certain naturally occurring
mineral deposits may adhere to the valve,
rendering it inoperative. When manually
operating the lever, water will discharge
and precautions must be taken to avoid
contact with hot water and to avoid water
damage. Before operating lever, check
to see that a discharge line is connected
to this valve directing the flow of hot
water from the valve to a proper place of
disposal. Otherwise severe personal injury
may result. If no water flows, valve is
inoperative. Shut down the boiler until a
new relief valve has been installed.
Safety relief valves should be re-inspected
WARNING
AT LEAST ONCE EVERY THREE
YEARS, by a licensed plumbing contractor
or authorized inspection agency, to ensure
that the product has not been affected
by corrosive water conditions and to
ensure that the valve and discharge line
have not been altered or tampered with
illegally. Certain naturally occurring
conditions may corrode the valve or its
components over time, rendering the
valve inoperative. Such conditions are
not detectable unless the valve and its
components are physically removed and
inspected. This inspection must only
be conducted by a plumbing contractor
or authorized inspection agency – not
by the owner. Failure to re-inspect the
boiler relief valve as directed could result
in unsafe pressure buildup, which can
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
2. After following the warning directions in this manual, if
the relief valve weeps or will not seat properly, replace the
relief valve. Ensure that the reason for relief valve weeping
is the valve and not over-pressurization of the system due
to expansion tank waterlogging or undersizing.
Inspect ignition and flame sense
electrodes
1. Remove the ignition and flame sense electrodes from the
boiler heat exchanger access cover.
2. Remove any deposits accumulated on the ignition/flame
sense electrode using sandpaper. If the electrodes cannot be
cleaned satisfactorily, replace with new ones.
3. Replace ignition/flame sense electrode, making sure gasket
is in good condition and correctly positioned.
Check ignition ground wiring
1. Inspect boiler ground wire from the heat exchanger access
cover to ground terminal strip.
2. Verify all wiring is in good condition and securely attached.
3. Check ground continuity of wiring using continuity meter.
4. Replace ground wires if ground continuity is not satisfactory.
Check all boiler wiring
1. Inspect all boiler wiring, making sure wires are in good
condition and securely attached.
Check control settings
1. Set the boiler control module display to Parameter Mode and
check all settings. Adjust settings if necessary. See Section
11 - Operating Information for adjustment procedures.
2. Check settings of external limit controls (if any) and adjust
if necessary.
Perform start-up and checks
1. Start boiler and perform checks and tests specified in
Section 10 - Start-up.
2.
Verify cold fill pressure is correct and that operating
pressure does not go too high.
Check burner flame
1. Inspect flame through observation window.
2. If the flame is unsatisfactory at either high fire or low fire,
turn off boiler and allow boiler to cool down. Remove
the burner/door assembly and clean it thoroughly using
a vacuum cleaner or compressed air through the gas/air
arm opening. Do not use compressed air to clean burner if
performed inside a building.
3. Remove the bolts securing the fan to the heat exchanger
access cover. Remove the fan, allowing access to the burner
door assembly.
4. Remove the burner door assembly, reference FIG. 12-2
(page 67).
66
5. When replacing the burner door assembly, ensure burner
door assembly gaskets are in good condition (FIG. 12-2).
Installation & Service Manual
12
Maintenance
(continued)
Handling ceramic fiber materials
Figure 12-2 Burner Assembly
REMOVAL OF COMBUSTION CHAMBER
LINING
WARNING
BURNER DOOR
W/ BURNER
NUTS
(QTY. 4)
IMG00263
Check flame signal
1. At high fire the flame signal shown on the display should
be at least 10 microamps.
2. A lower flame signal may indicate a fouled or damaged
flame sense electrode. If cleaning the flame sense electrode
does not improve, ground wiring is in good condition,
and ground continuity is satisfactory, replace the flame
sense electrode.
3. See Section 13 - Troubleshooting for other procedures to
deal with low flame signal.
Review with owner
1. Review the Cadet Heating Boiler User’s Information
Manual with the owner.
2. Emphasize the need to perform the maintenance schedule
specified in the Cadet Heating Boiler User’s Information
Manual (and in this manual as well).
3. Remind the owner of the need to call a licensed contractor
should the boiler or system exhibit any unusual behavior.
The combustion chamber insulation in
this appliance contains ceramic fiber
material. Ceramic fibers can be converted
to cristobalite in very high temperature applications. The
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has
concluded, “Crystalline silica inhaled in the form of quartz
or cristobalite from occupational sources is carcinogenic to
humans (Group 1).” Normal operating temperatures in this
appliance are below the level to convert ceramic fibers to
cristobalite. Abnormal operating conditions would have to
be created to convert the ceramic fibers in this appliance to
cristobalite.
The ceramic fiber material used in this appliance is an irritant;
when handling or replacing the ceramic materials it is advisable
that the installer follow these safety guidelines.

Avoid breathing dust and contact with skin and eyes.
• Use NIOSH certified dust respirator (N95). This type of
respirator is based on the OSHA requirements for cristobalite
at the time this document was written. Other types of
respirators may be needed depending on the job site
conditions. Current NIOSH recommendations can be found
on the NIOSH website at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/homepage.html.
NIOSH approved respirators, manufacturers, and phone
numbers are also listed on this website.
• Wear long-sleeved, loose fitting clothing, gloves, and eye
protection.

Apply enough water to the combustion chamber lining to
prevent airborne dust.
 Remove the combustion chamber lining from the appliance
and place it in a plastic bag for disposal.
 Wash potentially contaminated clothes separately from
other clothing. Rinse clothes washer thoroughly.
NIOSH stated First Aid.
 Eye: Irrigate immediately.
 Breathing: Fresh air.
4. Remind the owner to follow the proper shutdown
procedure and to schedule an annual start-up at the
beginning of the next heating season.
67
Installation & Service Manual
12
Maintenance
Cleaning boiler heat exchanger
For recommended materials; including brush, appropriate
extension(s), refractory cover, and detailed instructions see
Table 12B - Heat Exchanger Cleaning Kits.
1. Shut down boiler:
• Follow the “To Turn Off Gas to Appliance” instructions
for the boiler in Section 10 - Startup.
• Do not drain the boiler unless it will be exposed to
freezing temperatures. If using freeze prevention fluid
in system, do not drain.
2. Allow time for the boiler to cool to room temperature if
it has been firing.
Table 12B Heat Exchanger Cleaning Kit
Model
Kit
Number
40 - 100
KIT30062
120
CAUTION
3. Remove the bolts securing the fan to the heat exchanger
access cover. Remove the fan.
4. Remove the nuts securing the heat exchanger access cover
to the heat exchanger and set aside.
5.
KIT30063
Part
Number
Component
Description
CTN20005
Rear Refractory Cover
MSC20083*
Nylon 4" Wheel Brush*
MSC20085
1/4" x 12" Drill Extension
CTN20005
Rear Refractory Cover
MSC20083*
Nylon 4" Wheel Brush*
MSC20084
3mm Allen Wrench
MSC20086
1/4" x 24" Drill Extension
* Do NOT use a metal brush. Only use
the kit provided brush or an equivalent
replacement nylon brush.
Figure 12-3 Rope Gasket - Heat Exchanger Door
Remove the heat exchanger access cover, burner, and
gas/air arm assembly.
WARNING The boiler contains ceramic fiber materials.
Use care when handling these materials per
instructions on page 67. Failure to comply
could result in severe personal injury.
ROPE
GASKET
6. Remove the condensate hose from the heat exchanger end.
Connect a field supplied 3/4" diameter hose to a drain pan.
Using field supplied means, cover the refractory in the back
of the combustion chamber of the heat exchanger.
7. Use a vacuum cleaner to remove any accumulation on the
boiler heating surfaces. Do not use any solvent.
8. Brush the heat exchanger while dry using a nylon bristle
brush. Caution: DO NOT use a metal brush. Re-vacuum
the heat exchanger.
9. Finish cleaning using a clean cloth dampened with warm
water. Rinse out debris with a low pressure water supply.
10. Allow the heat exchanger to thoroughly dry.
IMG00264
NOTICE
Rope gasket is intended for sealing combustion
(FIG. 12-3). If damaged DO NOT reuse, the
heat exchanger door must be replaced. Consult
factory for replacement heat exchanger door
(kits WTR30015 - WTR30018).
Oiled bearing circulators
11. Remove the field supplied rear refractory cover from the
back of the combustion chamber of the heat exchanger and 1. Check other circulators in the system. Oil any circulators
requiring oil, following circulator manufacturer’s
reassemble.
instructions. Over-oiling will damage the circulator.
12. Close isolation valves on piping to isolate boiler from
system. Attach a hose to the boiler drain and flush boiler 2. Replace the boiler front access cover.
thoroughly with clean water by using purging valves to
allow water to flow through the water make-up line to the
boiler.
13. Perform start-up and check-out procedures in the Check
Flame and Combustion - Section 10 - Startup on pages 54
and 56 of this manual.
14. Reassemble the unit and restore boiler to operation.
68
Installation & Service Manual
12
Maintenance
(continued)
Test low water flow conditions
NOTICE
This test is to be carried out once
the Cadet boiler is completely piped
in with adequate gas and water
flow. Once the test is completed,
ensure that the isolation valve is
opened up to allow full water flow.
Figure 12-4 Adjust outlet isolation valve
Test procedure
1. Place the boiler into the active position by pressing the
UP button for five (5) seconds (see page 63).
2. Hold the ENTER key plus the UP button for five (5)
seconds to enter Service Mode, allowing the unit to
fire up to 100% modulation.
3. Allow the unit to progress through its normal
diagnostics and pre-purge programming.
ADJUST OUTLET
ISOLATION VALVE ONLY
4. Allow the unit to fire and operate until the
temperatures stabilize. This occurs when the inlet and
outlet temperatures are rising together and the Delta
T ( T) is maintained.
5. When the unit stabilizes, begin to slowly shut off the
isolation valve on the outlet piping of the boiler (see
FIG. 12-4). This will begin to restrict the flow and
simulate a low flow condition.
6.
While slowly shutting off the isolation valve, refer
to the Status Screen to watch the behavior of the
boiler. This screen allows you to monitor the inlet
temperature, outlet temperature, and T.
7.
When the T reaches 55˚F, the control will attempt
to modulate the firing rate down to protect it from
low flow conditions.
8.
When the T reaches 60°F, the control module will
turn off the burner. If the control module shuts
down, the test was successful.
9.
Completely open the isolation valve on the outlet
piping of the boiler.
IMG00237
10. Resume operation.
69
Installation & Service Manual
13
Troubleshooting
WARNING
WARNING
Label all wires prior to disconnection
when servicing controls. Wiring
errors can cause improper and
dangerous operation.
Always
disconnect power to the boiler before
servicing. Failure to comply could
result in severe personal injury, death,
or substantial property damage.
Never jumper (bypass) any device
except for momentary testing as
outlined in the Troubleshooting
chart. Severe personal injury, death,
or substantial property damage can
result.
Before troubleshooting:
Check control module fuses
NOTICE
ALWAYS check control module fuses
before replacing control module or any
major components (blower, etc.). If one
of these fuses is blown, it can prevent the
control module or other components from
operating.
1.
Turn OFF the power to the boiler at the external line
switch.
2.
Remove front door/cover.
3.
Remove the control module cover.
4.
Inspect fuses F1, F2, and F3, see FIG 13-1 below.
Figure 13-1 Control Module Fuses
1. Have the following items:
a. Voltmeter that can check 120 vac, 24 vac, and
12 vdc.
b. Continuity checker.
c. Contact thermometer.
2. Check for 120 vac (minimum 102 vac to maximum
132 vac) to boiler.
3. Make sure thermostat is calling for heat and contacts
(including appropriate zone controls) are closed.
Check for 24 vac between thermostat wire nuts and
ground.
4. Make sure all external limit controls are installed
and operating.
Check the following:
1. Wire connectors to control module are securely
plugged in at the module and originating control.
2. Gas pressures:
• Maximum: 14 inches w.c. (natural and LP) with
no flow (lockup) or with boiler on
• Minimum: 4 inches w.c. (natural), 8 inches w.c.
(LP) with gas flowing (verify during boiler
startup)
70
F3 - .08 AMP FUSE
24V DC POWER SUPPLY
F1 - 5 AMP FUSE
PUMPS
F2 - 3.15 AMP FUSE
BLOWER
IMG00260
5. The boiler is shipped with three (3) spare fuses in a plastic bag
provided with the unit.
6. If necessary, replace open fuse (F3 is .80 amps, F2 is 3.15 amps,
and F1 is 5 amps).
Note: Fuses F1, F2 and F3 are all slow blow fuses.
WARNING
Do not jumper fuse or replace with any fuse
except as specified. Failure to comply could
result in severe personal injury, death, or
substantial property damage.
7. Install control module cover and front door/cover after fuse
inspection.
8. Restore power to the boiler at the external line switch and
verify boiler operation (Section 10 - Start-up) after completing
boiler service.
Installation & Service Manual
13
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Table 13-1 Troubleshooting Chart - No Display
FAULT
CAUSE
- No 120 vac supplied to unit.
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Check external line switch, fuse, or breaker.
• Check wiring harness connection between display
board and main control board. Connect
harness at both points.
No Display
- Bad display board.
• Replace board.
- Bad main control board.
• Replace the main control board.
- Blown fuse.
• Replace fuse F3 on the main control board, see
page 70 of this manual.
- Main control board temperature set point • Review temperature setting.
satisfied.
- Remote thermostat satisfied.
No Burner
Operation
• Review remote thermostat setting.
- Outside air temperature above Warm • Check location of outside air sensor.
Check
Weather Shutdown (WWSD) set point for
resistance of outdoor air sensor and compare to Table
main control board.
13-2B on page 72 of this manual.
- Unit locked out on fault.
• Consult display for specific fault. Refer to fault
descriptions on page 74 of this manual for corrective
actions.
• Verify that the flue sensor is located in the flue outlet.
Unit Does
Not Modulate
Above 50%
- Flue sensor open.
• Check wiring connections at the flue sensor.
• Check the resistance of the flue sensor and compare
to Table 13-2D on page 72 of this manual.
71
Installation & Service Manual
13
Troubleshooting
Checking temperature sensors
The boiler temperature sensors (inlet water, outlet water, system water, flue, and outdoor air) are all resistance type devices. The
following tables show the correct values for the sensors at various temperatures. Use an ohmmeter to read the resistance of the
sensor at a known temperature. If the resistance of the sensor does not closely match its corresponding table, replace the sensor
It is important to note that the flue and outlet water sensors have two temperature sensing devices in one housing. These devices
are designated as S1a/S1b, outlet sensor and S3a/S3b, flue sensor. Please reference the wiring diagram in Section 15 of this
manual for correct terminal location.
Table 13-2A - Inlet Water/System/DHW Sensor
Resistance vs. Temperature
Table 13-2B - Outdoor Air Sensor Resistance vs.
Temperature
Temperature Resistance Temperature Resistance
Temperature Resistance Temperature Resistance
50
18,780
158
1,990
68
12,263
176
1,458
86
8,194
194
1,084
104
5,592
212
817
122
3,893
140
2,760
-50
-40
-30
-20
10
0
10
490,813
336,606
234,196
165,180
118,018
85,362
62,465
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
46,218
34,558
26,099
19,900
15,311
11,883
9,299
Table 13-2C - Outlet Water Sensor Resistance vs. Temperature
S1a
S1b
(Wire Color - R/BK and Y)
(Wire Color - G and Y)
Temperature Resistance Temperature Resistance Temperature Resistance Temperature Resistance
50
68
86
104
122
140
19,553
12,690
8,406
5,715
3,958
2,786
158
176
194
212
2,004
1,464
1,084
816
50
68
86
104
122
140
40,030
25,030
16,090
10,610
7,166
4,943
158
176
194
212
3,478
2,492
1,816
1,344
Table 13-2D - Flue Sensor Resistance vs. Temperature
S3a
S3b
(Wire Color - W/B and Y)
(Wire Color - PR and Y)
Temperature Resistance Temperature Resistance Temperature Resistance Temperature Resistance
50
68
86
104
122
140
72
40,030
25,030
16,090
10,610
7,166
4,943
158
176
194
212
3,478
2,492
1,816
1,344
50
68
86
104
122
140
258,500
125,500
80,220
52,590
35,270
24,160
158
176
194
212
16,870
12,000
8,674
6,369
Installation & Service Manual
13
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Table 13-3 Troubleshooting Chart - Noisy System
FAULT
CAUSE
CORRECTIVE ACTION
- Supply gas problem.
Natural gas • Refer to Section 7 - Gas Connections
pressures should be between 4 inches w.c. detailed information concerning the gas supply.
and 14 inches w.c. LP gas pressures
should be between 8 inches w.c. and
14 inches w.c.
Noisy
Operation
for
- Gas/air mixture problem.
• Refer to the Gas Valve Adjustment Procedure on
page 80 of this manual for the proper gas valve setting.
Verify that the vent/air intake lengths do not exceed the
maximum listed in Section 3 - General Venting.
- Dirty/damaged burner.
• Refer to page 66 in this manual for the burner removal
and inspection procedure. Clean or replace the burner
door assembly as necessary.
- Low water flow through the heat exchanger. • Refer to Section 6 - Hydronic Piping for minimum
flow rates. Verify that the boiler is piped in a primary/
secondary fashion and that the boiler and pump is
running on a call for heat.
No Pump
Operation Boiler Pump
or
DHW Pump
Relief Valve
Opening
- Air in the piping system.
• Properly purge all air from the piping system.
- Low system water pressure.
• Verify system pressure is a minimum of 12 psi.
- Blown fuse.
• Replace fuse F1 on the control board, see page 70 of
this manual.
Note: Make sure pump amperage does not exceed
1.8 amps.
- Faulty pump.
• Replace pump.
- Internal fault on control board.
• Replace main control board.
• Lower the system pressure below the 30 psi rating of
the supplied relief valve or replace the standard relief
valve with a higher rated valve up to the maximum
- System pressure exceeds relief valve
pressure of the heat exchanger.
setting.
• Improperly sized expansion tank.
73
Installation & Service Manual
13
Troubleshooting
Table 13-4 Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages Displayed on Boiler Interface
ERROR CODE
DESCRIPTION
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Reset control module.
E00
Invalid lockout code.
• Switch power OFF and ON.
• Replace control module.
E01
The control module has detected parameter
settings that are corrupted.
• Replace control module.
• Vent/air intake lengths exceed the maximum allowed
lengths. Refer to Section 3 - General Venting for
proper lengths.
E02
(will require a manual
reset once the condition
has been corrected. Press
the RESET button on the
display to reset.)
The actual fan RPM is more than 30% above
or below the fan speed RPM target.
• Check for obstruction or blockage in the vent/air
intake pipes or at terminations.
• Check the wiring connections at the fan and at the
main control board.
• Replace the fan.
• Replace the main control board.
Blown fuse.
• Replace fuse F2 on the control board, see page 70
of this manual.
• Check boiler pump operation on a call for heat.
E04
(will require a manual
reset once condition has
been corrected. Press
the RESET button on the
display to reset.)
Either the optional flow switch or the optional
low water cutoff is not making.
• Check for closed valves or obstructions in the boiler
piping.
• Verify system is full of water and all air has been
purged from the system.
• Check for loose or misplaced jumpers if flow switch or
LWCO is not installed.
Blown fuse.
E05
(will require a manual
reset once the condition The flame detector circuit is seeing a flame
has been corrected. Press signal when the gas valve is closed.
the RESET button on the
display to reset.)
• Replace fuse F3 on the control board, see page 70
of this manual.
• Verify flame is not present. If present, turn off gas
supply and replace gas valve.
• Check supply voltage for proper polarity.
• Check external wiring for voltage feedback.
• Check the flame rod and make sure it is clean.
• Check the internal wiring for bad connections.
• Replace main control board.
74
Installation & Service Manual
13
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Table 13-4 (continued from previous page) Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages Displayed on Boiler Interface
ERROR CODE
DESCRIPTION
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Adjust the set point of the auto reset limit to a higher
setting up to a maximum of 200°F. Reference Section
11 - Operating Information for adjusting procedures.
• Verify that the system is full of water and that all air
has been properly purged from the system.
• Verify that the boiler is piped properly into the heating
system.
Refer to Section 6 - Hydronic Piping
for the proper piping methods for the Cadet boiler.
E06
• Check 120 vac to boiler pump motor on a call for
heat. If voltage is not present, check wiring back to
the main control board.
The outlet water temperature has exceeded
the setting of the automatic reset high limit.
• Replace the main control board if necessary.
• If 120 vac is present on a call for heat and the boiler
pump is not operating, replace the pump.
• If operating on something other than an outlet sensor,
check temperature setting of the main control board.
• If the optional manual reset high limit has tripped,
check setting of the device.
• Check resistance of water sensors and compare to
Table 13-2A on page 72 of this manual. Replace
sensor if necessary.
• Check the wiring connections to switch. Wires should
be connected to the common and normally closed
terminals.
• Air intake lengths exceed the maximum allowed
lengths. Refer to Section 3 - General Venting
for proper lengths.
E07
(will require a manual
reset once the condition
Air pressure switch contacts are open.
has been corrected.
Press the RESET button
on the display to reset.)
• Check for obstruction or blockage in the air
intake pipes or at terminations.
• Check reference hoses connected to the air pressure
switch for blockage or obstruction.
• Inspect the burner. Reference page 66 of this manual
for removal and cleaning procedures. Replace if
necessary.
• Inspect the heat exchanger. Reference page 68 of
this manual for removal and cleaning procedures.
• Faulty air pressure switch. Replace switch.
E08
Thermal fuse on heat exchanger has opened.
E09
Aux limit device open.
• Check the wiring connections to the fuse on the heat
exchanger.
• Check continuity across the thermal fuse.
replace heat exchanger.
If open,
• Check wiring to aux limit device.
• Check aux limit device.
75
Installation & Service Manual
13
Troubleshooting
Table 13-4 (continued from previous page) Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages Displayed on Boiler Interface
ERROR CODE
DESCRIPTION
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Inspect spark electrode and associated wiring for
damage and connection. Reference page 66 of this
manual for removal and cleaning procedures.
Replace if necessary.
• Check for proper electrical grounding of the unit.
E11
(will require a manual
The unit has lost flame signal four (4) times
reset once the condition
during a call for heat.
has been corrected.
Press the RESET button
on the display to reset.)
• Check incoming supply gas pressure. Natural gas
pressures should be between 4 - 14 inches w.c. and
LP gas pressures should be between 8 - 14 inches w.c.
Refer to Section 7 - Gas Connections
for detailed information concerning the gas supply.
• Verify that the plastic hose from the gas valve to the air
inlet is connected and is not damaged.
• Verify that the vent/air intake pipes are correctly
installed and that there are no obstructions.
• Check for 24 vac to the gas valve at the 2-pin
connection on the side of the main control board during
the ignition attempt. If no voltage is present, replace
the main control board.
• If 24 vac is present at the main control board, check
the wiring between the main control board and the gas
valve. Replace the wiring if necessary. Do not
disconnect the wiring from the gas valve and attempt to
measure voltage at that point. The main control board
can detect if the gas valve is not connected and will
display the Gas Valve or Gas Valve Fail fault.
E12
(will require a manual The unit has failed to prove main burner
reset once the condition ignition after four (4) attempts.
has been corrected.
Press the RESET button
on the display to reset.)
• If 24 vac is present, check the outlet of the valve to
ensure the valve is flowing gas. With a manometer
connected to the outlet tap of the gas valve, when the
unit is in the prepurge period, there should be a
negative pressure present.
When the valve is
energized a change in pressure should occur. If the
pressure change does not occur, the gas valve is not
opening. Replace the gas valve.
• Inspect flame sensor and associated wiring.
Reference page 66 of this manual for removal and
cleaning procedures. Replace if necessary.
• Inspect and clean the heat exchanger as necessary.
Reference page 68 of this manual for cleaning
procedures.
n05
76
The fan speed is being increased due to the
flame current going below 5 microamps.
• Inspect the burner. Reference page 66 of this manual
for removal and cleaning procedures. Replace if
necessary.
• Replace the main control board.
Installation & Service Manual
13
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Table 13-4 (continued from previous page) Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages Displayed on Boiler Interface
ERROR CODE
DESCRIPTION
CORRECTIVE ACTION
The flue temperature has exceeded 250°F.
• Inspect the heat exchanger. Reference page 68 of
this manual for the procedure on how to clean the flue
side of the heat exchanger.
b05
The flue temperature has exceeded 240°F.
• Inspect the flue sensor and associated wiring.
Measure the resistance of the flue sensor and
compare to Table 13-2D on page 72 of this manual.
Replace the sensor if necessary.
n04
The fan speed is being limited due to the flue
temperature exceeding 215°F.
E13
• Verify that the vent/air intake pipes are properly
installed and that there are no obstructions.
• Replace the main control board.
• Verify that the system is full of water and that all air
has been properly purged from the system.
E15
(will require a manual
The outlet water temperature has exceeded • Verify that the boiler is piped properly into the heating
reset once the condition
the 210°F manual reset high limit (MRHL)
system.
Refer to Section 6 - Hydronic Piping
has been corrected.
setting.
for the proper piping methods for the Cadet boiler.
Press the RESET button
on the display to reset.)
• Check 120 vac to boiler pump motor on a call for
heat. If voltage is not present, check wiring back to
the main control board.
The outlet water temperature has exceeded
b03
• Replace the main control board if necessary.
195°F.
• If 120 vac is present on a call for heat and the boiler
pump is not operating, replace the pump.
• If operating on something other than an outlet sensor,
check temperature setting of the main control board.
n02
The fan speed is being limited due to the
outlet temperature exceeding 185°F.
• Check resistance of water sensors and compare to
Table 13-2A on page 72 of this manual. Replace
sensor if necessary.
E18
(will require a manual
The control module reads an excessive
reset once the condition
temperature difference between the two
has been corrected.
outlet sensors.
Press the RESET button
on the display to reset.)
• Check wiring to sensor.
Make sure wiring is
connected and not damaged. Reconnect / repair
wiring if necessary.
• Measure the resistance of the sensor and compare to
the resistance in Table 13-2C on page 72 of this manual.
Replace sensor if necessary.
• Replace control module.
E19
(will require a manual
reset once the condition One or both of the flue sensors is open or
shorted.
has been corrected.
Press the RESET button
on the display to reset.)
• Inspect the flue sensor and associated wiring.
Measure the resistance of the flue sensor and
compare to Table 13-2D on page 72 of this manual.
Replace the sensor if necessary.
• Replace the main control board.
77
Installation & Service Manual
13
Troubleshooting
Table 13-4 (continued from previous page) Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages Displayed on Boiler Interface
ERROR CODE
DESCRIPTION
E21
(will require a manual
reset once the condition One or both of the outlet sensors has
has been corrected. Press opened or shorted.
the RESET button on the
display to reset.)
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Check the sensor and its associated wiring. Repair or
replace the sensor or wiring if damaged.
• Measure the resistances of the sensors and compare
the resistances to the tables on page 72. Replace if
necessary.
E22
(will require a manual
reset once the condition
The inlet sensor is open.
has been corrected. Press
the RESET button on the
display to reset.)
E23
• Check the sensor and its associated wiring. Repair or
replace the sensor or wiring if damaged.
(will require a manual
reset once the condition
The inlet sensor is shorted.
has been corrected. Press
the RESET button on the
display to reset.)
b01
b02
The temperature has reached the set point • None
+ 10°F.
The main control board has received a call
for heat too quickly after the previous call for
heat has ended.
• The control board will release the call for heat after 60
seconds.
• The control board will release the call for heat if the
outlet temperature drops 10°F.
• Verify that the system is full of water and that all air
has been properly purged from the system.
b04
• Verify that the boiler is piped properly into the heating
system. Refer to Section 6 - Hydronic Piping
for the proper piping methods for the Cadet
The temperature rise across the heat
boiler.
exchanger has exceeded 60°F.
• Check for 120 vac to the boiler pump motor on a call
for heat. If voltage is not present, check the wiring
back to the main control board. Replace the main
control board if necessary.
• If 120 vac is present on a call for heat and the boiler
pump is not operating, replace the pump.
n03
78
The fan speed is being limited due to the
temperature rise across the heat exchanger
exceeding 55°F.
• Verify that the boiler pump is set to the proper speed
or that the pump is the proper size. Reference
Section 6 - Hydronic Piping for boiler
pump specifications.
Installation & Service Manual
13
Troubleshooting
(continued)
Table 13-4 (continued from previous page) Troubleshooting Chart - Fault Messages Displayed on Boiler Interface
ERROR CODE
DESCRIPTION
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Check 120 vac supply to the transformer.
b06
120 vac input to the main control board has
dropped below 80 vac.
• Check wiring connections at the low voltage
terminal strip.
• Check the wire size/length to remote devices.
• Replace the transformer.
• Check 24V.
n01
The flue temperature did not change after
the burner started firing.
n06
DHW sensor is not connected (combi only).
• Verify that the flue sensor is installed.
• Check the sensor and its associated wiring. Repair or
replace the sensor or wiring if damaged.
• Check the DHW sensor and its associated wiring.
Repair or replace as needed.
• Check the sensors and their associated wiring.
Repair or replace the sensor or wiring if damaged.
n07
The inlet sensor has been disconnected.
• Measure the resistance of the sensors and compare
the resistance to the tables on page 72 of this
manual.
• Replace the sensor if necessary.
• Check the sensors and their associated wiring.
Repair or replace the sensor or wiring if damaged.
n08
The inlet sensor has been shorted.
• Measure the resistance of the sensors and compare
the resistance to the tables on page 72 of this
manual.
• Replace the sensor if necessary.
• Check the sensors and their associated wiring.
Repair or replace the sensor or wiring if damaged.
n09
The outdoor sensor has opened or shorted.
• Measure the resistance of the sensors and compare
the resistance to the tables on page 72 of this
manual.
• Replace the sensor if necessary.
79
Installation & Service Manual
13
Troubleshooting
Combustion Analysis Procedure
WARNING
1. Turn the main power off to the boiler.
2. Remove the flue temperature sensor from the flue pipe
connection. Note: Combustion measurements will be
made at this point.
3. Insert the probe from a combustion analyzer into the
hole left by the removal of the flue temperature sensor.
4. Turn the main power on to the boiler.
5. Place the boiler into the active position by pressing the
UP button for five (5) seconds (see page 63).
6. Hold the ENTER key plus the UP button for five (5)
seconds to enter Service Mode.
7. Once the boiler has modulated up to full fire, measure the
combustion. The values should be in the range listed in
Table 13-5. The CO levels should be less than 150 ppm
for a properly installed unit.
If the combustion is not within the specified range,
reference Table 13-6 for possible causes and corrective
actions.
You must replace the flue gas temperature
sensor to prevent flue gas spillage into the
room. Failure to comply could result in
severe personal injury, death, or substantial
property damage.
Gas valve adjustment procedure
Locate the throttle adjustment screw on top of the gas valve,
see FIG. 13-2. Using a screwdriver, turn the screw a 1/4 turn
counterclockwise to increase CO2 levels or a 1/4 turn clockwise
to decrease CO2 levels. After one adjustment on the valve,
follow the Combustion Analysis Procedure to measure the
combustion.
If combustion is still not within the specified range, repeat
the procedure. This procedure SHOULD NOT be performed
more than four (4) times. If after four (4) adjustments and the
combustion is still not within the specified range, revisit the
possible causes in Table 13-7 or replace the gas valve.
Figure 13-2 Gas Valve Adjustment
Table 13-5 Flue Products
Natural Gas
Propane
CO2
O2
CO2
O2
8.0% - 10%
3.0% - 6.5%
10.0% - 11%
4.1% - 5.4%
8.
Once the combustion analysis is complete, test the safety
shutoff device by turning the manual shutoff switch to
the OFF position and ensuring that the boiler shuts
down and registers an alarm. Turn the manual gas valve
to the ON position and reset the control.
9. Turn the main power off to the boiler and replace the flue
temperature sensor into the flue pipe connection.
10. Place the boiler back into normal operation.
THROTTLE
ADJUSTMENT
IMG00262
Table 3-6 Troubleshooting Chart - Combustion Levels
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Vent/Air Intake Length
or Obstruction
Gas Supply Pressure
CORRECTIVE ACTION
• Refer to Section 3 - General Venting for the proper venting and air intake methods for the
Cadet heating boiler.
• Check for obstructions at the vent/air intake terminals.
• Refer to Section 7 - Gas Connections for the proper gas supply for the Cadet heating boiler.
• Refer to page 66 of this manual for burner removal.
Dirty/Damaged Burner
• Replace burner if necessary.
Gas Valve Adjustment
• Refer to this page of the manual for the gas valve adjustment procedure.
80
Installation & Operation Manual
14
Combi
The Cadet Combi - How it works...
1.
DHW pump
A field-supplied anti-scald device MUST be
WARNING installed as shown in FIG. 14-3. Anti-scald
Begins operation when the domestic flow switch enables demand.
An integral flow check prevents flow of the boiler water while in
the space heat demand.
2.
devices must be selected and installed in
accordance to local codes. Failure to do so will
result in scald or serious injury. The Combi is
capable of supplying domestic water greater
than 120°F which may scald.
Brazed plate heat exchanger
Transfers heat from the primary boiler heat exchanger through a
brazed plate, in a water to water heat exchange.
3.
Domestic flow switch
NOTICE
Factory mounted to the domestic inlet port of the brazed plate
heat exchanger, the normally open flow switch closes contacts
and enables heating of domestic water at 0.53 GPM.
4.
This section contains specific instructions for
Combi units. All warnings, cautions, notes and
instructions in the general installation and
service sections apply to these instructions.
Domestic outlet water sensor
A thermistor is located at the domestic outlet port of the
brazed plate heat exchanger. In Combi Mode, this sensor acts as
the controlling sensor.
5.
Manual air vent valve
Allows for removal of trapped air from the heat exchanger.
Model 120 - Combi
2
3
1
4
5
IMG00255
81
Installation & Service Manual
14
Combi
Flow characteristics
Basic operation
The factory installed option of the Cadet with domestic heating
capability includes a separate water circuit for the boiler water
to instantaneously and indirectly meet the demand of domestic
hot water. The domestic heating demand has priority over
space heating in this configuration. When the flow switch
closes, the DHW pump is energized and the boiler ignition
sequence begins or is switched immediately from the space
heat demand. The firing rate is now controlling to meet the
user set point of the domestic water outlet (reference FIG. 11-1
on page 63).
Operation of domestic demand in short and cyclical patterns is
met by the removal of the anti-cycling function from standard
boiler operation.
Combi DHW fittings installation
The Domestic Hot Water (DHW) fittings are factory supplied
and should be installed as follows (reference FIG. 14-1):
•
•
•
•
•
Assemble the union fitting, flow switch (tee only), and
the NPT to sweat adapter with thread sealant.
Connect the assembly to the brazed plate inlet DHW
fitting with the kit supplied gasket.
Connect the union to sweat adapter to the brazed
plate outlet DHW fitting with the remaining kit
supplied gasket.
Sweat/solder the cold and hot water supply for DHW
operation.
Install the flow switch paddle assembly with the arrow
towards the brazed plate.
DO NOT use thread
sealant.
Figure 14-1 Combi DHW Fittings Installation
Domestic Flow Rate
(GPM)
Domestic Temperature
Rise (°F)
0.5 - 2.0
>100 degrees rise
2.5
85
3.0
70
3.5
61
4.0
53
The above data was taken at 100% boiler firing rate with a
beginning DHW temperature of 55°F.
Reference Section 11 - Operating Information for User
Adjustable Parameters and Default Settings.
Single-wall heat exchanger
Uniform Plumbing Code
Single-wall heat exchangers are permitted if they satisfy all
of the following requirements -1.
The heat transfer medium (boiler water) is potable
water or contains only substances which are recognized
as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
2.
The pressure of the heat transfer medium (boiler water)
is maintained less than the normal minimum operating
pressure of the potable water system.
3.
The equipment is permanently labeled to indicate that
only additives recognized as safe by the FDA shall be
used in the heat transfer medium.
CAUTION
GASKET
UNION TO NPT
ADAPTER
FLOW SWITCH
TEE
FLOW ARROW
DIRECTION
UNION TO SWEAT
ADAPTER
Specifications
FLOW
SWITCH
NPT TO SWEAT
ADAPTER
Maximum Domestic Water Pressure
145 PSI
Domestic Water Connections
3/4" Copper
Flow Switch Setting
0.53 GPM
82
IMG00285
Electrical
The heat transfer medium (boiler
water) must be water or other nontoxic
fluid having a toxicity rating or class of
1, as listed in Clinical Toxicology of
Commercial Products, 5th edition.
The pressure of the heat transfer
medium (boiler water) must be limited
to a maximum of 50 PSIG by an
approved safety or relief valve.
The Combi specific electrical circuits are pre-wired from the
factory and no field wiring is required. The tank sensor and
tank thermostat connections on the low voltage connection
board are the inputs for the DHW outlet water sensor and
DHW flow switch, respectively. The DHW pump is pre-wired
to the boiler’s DHW pump output, reference Table 13-2A Inlet Water/System/DHW Sensor Resistance vs. Temperature
Table on page 72 of this manual.
Installation & Service Manual
14
Combi
(continued)
Connection Board Configurations
Standard Altitude,Standard
(Non-Combi)
Standard Altitude, Combi
OJ1
OJ2
Cut
Connected
Cut
Cut
High Altitude, Standard
(Non-Combi)
Connected
Connected
High Altitude, Combi
Connected
Cut
FLOW SWITCH
DHW SENSOR
IMG00261
Figure 14-2 Combi Low Voltage Field Wiring Connections
83
Installation & Service Manual
14
Combi
Water piping
Field connections are to be made as represented in FIG. 14-3.
A field-supplied anti-scald device MUST be installed as shown in FIG. 14-3. Anti-scald devices must be
WARNING selected and installed in accordance to local codes. Failure to do so will result in scald or serious injury. The
Combi is capable of supplying domestic water greater than 120°F which may scald.
Ensure that plumbing and electrical installation are complete and supply gas is turned OFF. On initial startup, bleed air from the
system with the manual air vent on the primary boiler heat exchanger, as well as the manual air vent on the DHW pump, while
flowing domestic water in excess of the flow switch setting until all air has escaped. Be sure to connect a hose to each air vent to
allow the air and water to properly exit the unit. This process will energize the DHW pump and enable purging of air from low
mass water carrying components.
Adjustment of the anti-scald device should be set to a safe temperature to prevent injury. The anti-scald device MUST be set so
that the outlet water temperature will never exceed 120°F.
Figure 14-3 Single Boiler - Primary Secondary w/Combi Piping Diagram
PRESSURE
REDUCING VALVE
PRESSURE
GAUGE
BACKFLOW
PREVENTER
MAKE UP WATER
SYSTEM SUPPLY
SENSOR
(OPTIONAL)
AIR
SEPARATOR
MAY SUBSTITUTE LOW LOSS HEADER
TO
SYSTEM
BALL VALVE
(TYPICAL)
FROM
SYSTEM
NOT TO EXCEED 4 PIPE DIA OR MAX. OF 12" APART
SYSTEM
CIRCULATOR
Y-STRAINER
(RECOMMENDED)
EXPANSION
TANK
BOILER
CIRCULATOR
DRAIN POINT
(TYPICAL)
BOILER
EXPANSION
TANK
FLOW SWITCH
PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE (REQUIRED)
ANTI-SCALD
MIXING VALVE
(REQUIRED)
UNION
(TYPICAL)
TEMPERATURE /
PRESSURE
GAUGE
NOTICE
84
FLOW
CHECK
DRAIN
HOT
WATER
SUPPLY
COLD
WATER
SUPPLY
IMG00254
Please note that this illustration is meant to show system piping concept only, the installer is responsible for
all equipment and detailing required by local codes.
Installation & Service Manual
14
Combi
(continued)
Setting DHW target temperature
WARNING
An excessively high DHW temperature
set point can result in serious injury. The
minimum effective temperature should
be used. Verify the installed anti-scald
device requirements to determine an
appropriate DHW temperature range.
Consider the following factors when determining ideal DHW
set point temperature:
– Cold water supply temperature
– Anti-scald device requirements
– Flow rates
NOTICE
Lower cold water supply temperatures
may require higher DHW temperature
settings.
Set point adjustment and anti-scald
device requirements
Determine the maximum and minimum hot water supply
temperatures required for the anti-scald device. The suggested
Cadet DHW temperature set point is typically 15°F higher
than the anti-scald device setting.
•
If this temperature is not within the required range for
the specific anti-scald device, select a temperature close
to 15°F above, but still within the allowable range for the
device.
Change the DHW set point for the unit to reflect the chosen
temperature. Monitor water drawn from an outlet after the
anti-scald device to ensure that outlet temperature remains
stable at the determined set point.
•
NOTICE
In some configurations it may not
be possible to achieve an ideal DHW
set point where there are no dips in
temperature. In this case, use the best
achievable set point that is safely within
the range required by the field-supplied
anti-scald device.
Flow rates
Verify that the Cadet will be able to maintain the established
DHW set point temperature at an expected minimum flow
rate.
•
Draw water from the unit at a minimum anticipated
(typical) flow rate and temperature. Monitor the unit to
ensure that temperature remains stable at the set point.
•
If outlet temperature is unstable or the unit cycles off
during this process, lower the DHW set point and repeat
the process until a stable temperature is established.
WARNING
You MUST verify the hot water inlet
range required for the anti-scald device
and ensure that the Cadet DHW set
point is safely within this range to avoid
serious injury.
•
The anti-scald device MUST be
rated for the flow rates anticipated
for the unit.
•
DHW temperature set point
should be set at least 10°F below the
maximum allowable temperature
for the anti-scald device.
If outlet temperature is unstable or the unit cycles off,
lower the DHW set point approximately 5°F, or until
it becomes stable while remaining within the required
range.
After the outlet temperature has stabilized, turn OFF water for
approximately 30 seconds. Turn water ON maintaining the
previous temperature and flow rate. Monitor the temperature
at the point of use until it has maintained the chosen DHW
set point.
•
If the temperature at the point of use dips more than
3°F below the set point before stabilizing at the desired
temperature, increase the DHW set point and repeat the
process above.
•
If the temperature does not dip, reduce the DHW
temperature and repeat the process above to determine
the minimum set point that will not cause a drop in
temperature.
85
Installation & Service Manual
15
Diagrams
Figure 15-1 Ladder Diagram (Standard)
120VAC
NEUTRAL
JUNCTION BOX
120V SUPPLY "L"
GROUND
120V SUPPLY "N"
INTEGRATED CONTROL
X1-6
BOILER PUMP
RELAY
F1
X1-2
5A
BOILER
PUMP
X1-3
F2
DHW
PUMP "N"
DHW
PUMP "L"
DHW PUMP
RELAY
3.15A
BOILER
PUMP "N"
BOILER
PUMP "L"
X1-1
1
BLOWER
RELAY
BLOWER
X1-8
2
CHASSIS
GROUND
DHW
PUMP
3
F3
BOX DEPICTS
OPTIONAL ITEMS
24VDC
SUPPLY
0.8A
X5-9
X5-1
BOX DEPICTS
DUAL SENSOR
SINGLE HOUSING
120 VAC
X4-3
INTEGRATED
CONTROL
CONNECTION BOARD
24 VAC
CN1-5
FLOW SWITCH
11
12
CN2-4
LWCO
CN2-1
CN2-3
CN1-14
X4-8
CN2-2
CN1-10 X4-12
24 VAC
7
ROOM T'STAT
8
CN1-7
9
TANK T'STAT
10
CN1-12 X4-10
AUX SWITCH
14
13
X4-1
CN1-4
X4-4
SEE NOTE 5
OJ2
CN1-6
X4-2
SEE NOTE 4
OJ1
CN1-13
X4-9
DRY FIRE
SWITCH
DISPLAY
X5-2
X5-10
INTEGRATED
CONTROL
AIR PRESSURE
X5-11
SWITCH
X2-2
GASVALVE
X2-1
INLET
SENSOR S2
OPERATING
SENSOR S1a
HIGH LIMIT
SENSOR S1b
FLUE
SENSOR S3a
FLUE
SENSOR S3b
-T
-T
-T
-T
-T
X5-6
X5-4
X5-12
BLOWER
X5-5
1
X5-7
2
X5-16
4
X5-8
5
X5-15
X5-13
TR2
X5-14
X1-7
CONNECTION
BOARD
SYSTEM
SENSOR
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
TANK
SENSOR
1
2
3
4
5
6
SPARK ROD
CN4
X6
CN4
X6
CN4
X6
CN4
X6
FLAME ROD
CAUTION
HIGH VOLTAGE SPARK LEAD
LOW VOLTAGE
120 VAC
HIGH VOLTAGE
Notes:
1. All wiring must be installed in accordance with: local, state, provincial and national code requirements per either N.E.C. in
USA or C.S.A. in Canada.
2. If any original equipment wire as supplied with the appliance must be replaced, it must be replaced with wire having same
wire gauge (AWG) and rated for a minimum of 105°C. Exceptions: Replacement high voltage spark lead and ribbon cables
must be purchased from the factory. Use of a non-approved spark lead or ribbon cables can lead to operational problems
which could result in non-repairable damage to the integrated controller or other components.
3. Actual connector block locations may vary from those shown on diagrams. Refer to actual components for proper connector
block locations when using diagrams to troubleshoot unit.
4. Jumper OJ1 should be cut for standard altitude and connected for high altitude.
LADDER DIAGRAM
LBL20277 REV C
5. Jumper OJ2 should be connected for standard (non-combi) operation and cut for combi operation.
86
Installation & Service Manual
15
Diagrams
(continued)
Figure 15-2 Wiring Diagram (Standard)
DISPLAY
BOX DEPICTS
OPTIONAL ITEMS
INTEGRATED
CONTROL
BOX DEPICTS
DUAL SENSOR
SINGLE HOUSING
X7
LOW VOLTAGE
120 VAC
HIGH VOLTAGE
CONNECTION BOARD
CN5
X6
1
2
3
4
5
6
SYSTEM
SENSOR
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
TANK
SENSOR
CAUTION
CN4
TR2
SPARK ROD
FLAME SENSE
CN3
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
ROOM
T'STAT
TANK
T'STAT
FLOW
SWITCH
AUX LIMIT
SWITCH
X1-3
COM
BK
BR
BK
W
X1-6
BK
X1-5
W
X1-8
X1-1
G
G
DHW
PUMP
G
BOILER
PUMP
L
GND
N
120V
SUPPLY
G
OJ2
SEE NOTE 5
OR
W
X1-2
G
JUNCTION
BOX
X1-7
CN2-1
CN2-2
CN2-3
CN2-4
24 VAC
LOW
WATER
CUT OFF
HIGH VOLTAGE SPARK LEAD
TRANSFORMER
W
BK
R
OJ1
SEE NOTE 4
1 2 3
BLOWER
CN1-4
CN1-12
CN1-7
CN1-5
CN1-10
CN1-14
CN1-6
CN1-13
CN1-1
CN1-8
CN1-2
CN1-9
CN1-3
CN1-11
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
12345
BK
BK
BK
X4-4
X4-10
X4-1
X4-3
X4-12
X4-8
X4-2
X4-9
X4-7
X4-14
X4-6
X4-13
X4-5
X4-11
X5-6
X5-12
X5-4
W/BK
P/BK
GY
R/BK
O/BK
P
X2-2
X5-5
PR
X2-1
X5-13
X5-2
X5-10
X5-11
X5-14
Y
Y
BK
X5-7
X5-16
X5-8
X5-15
X5-9
X5-1
R
T
W
BK
Y
BL
O
-T
-T
INLET
SENSOR S2
HIGH LIMIT
SENSOR S1b
OPERATING
SENSOR S1a
GAS VALVE
@ 24VAC
-T
FLUE
SENSOR S3a
DRY FIRE
SWITCH
-T
FLUE
SENSOR S3b
AIR PRESSURE
SWITCH
-T
Notes:
1. All wiring must be installed in accordance with: local, state, provincial and national code requirements per either N.E.C. in
USA or C.S.A. in Canada.
2. If any original equipment wire as supplied with the appliance must be replaced, it must be replaced with wire having same
wire gauge (AWG) and rated for a minimum of 105°C. Exceptions: Replacement high voltage spark lead and ribbon cables
must be purchased from the factory. Use of a non-approved spark lead or ribbon cables can lead to operational problems which
could result in non-repairable damage to the integrated controller or other components.
3. Actual connector block locations may vary from those shown on diagrams. Refer to actual components for proper connector
block locations when using diagrams to troubleshoot unit.
4.Jumper OJ1 should be cut for standard altitude and connected for high altitude.
5.Jumper OJ2 should be connected for standard (non-combi) operation and cut for combi operation.
WIRING DIAGRAM
LBL20268 REV C
87
Installation & Service Manual
15
Diagrams
Figure 15-3 Ladder Diagram (Combi)
120VAC
NEUTRAL
JUNCTION BOX
120V SUPPLY "L"
GROUND
120V SUPPLY "N"
INTEGRATED CONTROL
X1-6
BOILER PUMP
RELAY
F1
BOILER
PUMP "N"
BOILER
PUMP "L"
X1-2
5A
BOILER
PUMP
X1-3
2
1
DHW PUMP
RELAY
F2
3.15A
CHASSIS
GROUND
3
X1-1
1
BLOWER
RELAY
BLOWER
X1-8
2
DHW
PUMP
3
F3
BOX DEPICTS
OPTIONAL ITEMS
24VDC
SUPPLY
0.8A
X5-9
X5-1
BOX DEPICTS
DUAL SENSOR
SINGLE HOUSING
120 VAC
X4-3
INTEGRATED
CONTROL
CONNECTION BOARD
24 VAC
CN1-5
FLOW SWITCH
11
12
CN2-4
LWCO
CN2-1
CN2-3
CN1-14
X4-8
CN2-2
CN1-10 X4-12
24 VAC
7
ROOM T'STAT
8
CN1-7
9
DHW FLOW SWITCH
10
CN1-12 X4-10
13
AUX SWITCH
14
CN1-4
X4-4
SEE NOTE 5
OJ2
CN1-6
X4-2
SEE NOTE 4
OJ1
CN1-13
X4-9
DRY FIRE
SWITCH
DISPLAY
X4-1
X5-2
X5-10
INTEGRATED
CONTROL
AIR PRESSURE
X5-11
SWITCH
X2-2
GASVALVE
X2-1
INLET
SENSOR S2
OPERATING
SENSOR S1a
HIGH LIMIT
SENSOR S1b
FLUE
SENSOR S3a
FLUE
SENSOR S3b
-T
-T
-T
-T
-T
X5-6
X5-4
X5-12
BLOWER
X5-5
1
X5-7
2
X5-16
4
X5-8
5
X5-15
X5-13
TR2
X5-14
X1-7
CONNECTION
BOARD
SYSTEM
SENSOR
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
DHW OUTLET
SENSOR
-T
1
2
3
4
5
6
SPARK ROD
CN4
X6
CN4
X6
CN4
X6
CN4
X6
FLAME ROD
CAUTION
HIGH VOLTAGE SPARK LEAD
LOW VOLTAGE
120 VAC
HIGH VOLTAGE
Notes:
1. All wiring must be installed in accordance with: local, state, provincial and national code requirements per either N.E.C. in
USA or C.S.A. in Canada.
2. If any original equipment wire as supplied with the appliance must be replaced, it must be replaced with wire having same
wire gauge (AWG) and rated for a minimum of 105°C. Exceptions: Replacement high voltage spark lead and ribbon cables
must be purchased from the factory. Use of a non-approved spark lead or ribbon cables can lead to operational problems
which could result in non-repairable damage to the integrated controller or other components.
3. Actual connector block locations may vary from those shown on diagrams. Refer to actual components for proper connector
block locations when using diagrams to troubleshoot unit.
LADDER DIAGRAM
4. Jumper OJ1 should be cut for standard altitude and connected for high altitude.
LBL20297 REV C
5. Jumper OJ2 should be connected for standard (non-combi) operation and cut for combi operation.
88
Installation & Service Manual
15
Diagrams
(continued)
Figure 15-4 Wiring Diagram (Combi)
DISPLAY
BOX DEPICTS
OPTIONAL ITEMS
INTEGRATED
CONTROL
BOX DEPICTS
DUAL SENSOR
SINGLE HOUSING
X7
LOW VOLTAGE
120 VAC
HIGH VOLTAGE
CONNECTION BOARD
CN5
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
DHW OUTLET
SENSOR
X6
1
2
3
4
5
6
SYSTEM
SENSOR
-T
CAUTION
CN4
TR2
HIGH VOLTAGE SPARK LEAD
SPARK ROD
FLAME SENSE
G
CN3
DHW FLOW
SWITCH
AUX LIMIT
SWITCH
COM
DHW
PUMP
G
JUNCTION
BOX
X1-2
BR
BK
W
CN2-1
CN2-2
CN2-3
CN2-4
24 VAC
OR
W
11
12
13
14
FLOW
SWITCH
LOW
WATER
CUT OFF
X1-7
X1-3
7
8
9
10
ROOM
T'STAT
X1-6
BK
X1-5
W
X1-8
X1-1
G
G
L
GND
N
BOILER
PUMP
120V
SUPPLY
G
SEE NOTE 5
TRANSFORMER
W
BK
OJ2
R
OJ1
SEE NOTE 4
1 2 3
BLOWER
CN1-4
CN1-12
CN1-7
CN1-5
CN1-10
CN1-14
CN1-6
CN1-13
CN1-1
CN1-8
CN1-2
CN1-9
CN1-3
CN1-11
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
BK
12345
BK
BK
X4-4
X4-10
X4-1
X4-3
X4-12
X4-8
X4-2
X4-9
X4-7
X4-14
X4-6
X4-13
X4-5
X4-11
X5-6
X5-12
X5-4
P/BK
GY
R/BK
X2-2
X5-5
W/BK
X2-1
X5-13
PR
X5-2
X5-10
X5-11
X5-14
Y
P
Y
BK
O/BK
X5-7
X5-16
X5-8
X5-15
X5-9
X5-1
R
T
W
BK
Y
BL
O
-T
-T
INLET
SENSOR S2
HIGH LIMIT
SENSOR S1b
OPERATING
SENSOR S1a
GAS VALVE
@ 24VAC
-T
FLUE
SENSOR S3a
DRY FIRE
SWITCH
-T
FLUE
SENSOR S3b
AIR PRESSURE
SWITCH
-T
Notes:
1. All wiring must be installed in accordance with: local, state, provincial and national code requirements per either N.E.C. in
USA or C.S.A. in Canada.
2. If any original equipment wire as supplied with the appliance must be replaced, it must be replaced with wire having same
wire gauge (AWG) and rated for a minimum of 105°C. Exceptions: Replacement high voltage spark lead and ribbon cables
must be purchased from the factory. Use of a non-approved spark lead or ribbon cables can lead to operational problems which
could result in non-repairable damage to the integrated controller or other components.
3. Actual connector block locations may vary from those shown on diagrams. Refer to actual components for proper connector
block locations when using diagrams to troubleshoot unit.
4.Jumper OJ1 should be cut for standard altitude and connected for high altitude.
WIRING DIAGRAM
5.Jumper OJ2 should be connected for standard (non-combi) operation and cut for combi operation.
LBL20298 REV C
89
Installation & Service Manual
Notes
90
Installation & Service Manual
Notes
91
Revision A (ECO #C10659) initial release.
Revision B (ECO #C11102) reflects outdoor air reset updates along with
changes made to Table 3B on page 16 (ECR R05655).
Revision C (ECO #C11314) reflects edits made to the Combi Section
on page 81.
Revision D (ECO #C11736) reflects changes made to the ratings page
(page 6).
Revision E (ECO #C12455) reflects edits made to place the check
valves on the outlet side of the pump on all of the piping diagrams as
well as changes for ECR R06076 to add more information on anti-scald
devices and setting DHW for Section 14 - Combi on pages 80, 83 and
84.
Revision F (ECO #C12582) reflects updates made to the wiring and
ladder diagrams along with FIG's 8-3 and 14-2.
Revision G (ECO #C12665) reflects the addition of the CSA Low Lead
Content logo.
Revision H (ECO #C13074) reflects updates made to the polypropylene
de-rate amounts (R06316) and an updated figure and the addition of the
manual air vent valve to page 80, as well as clarification on bleeding air
from the system on page 83 (R06373).
Revision I (ECO #C14411) reflects the removal of the page number
reference on page 14, the addition of the corrosive contaminant
warning on pages 3 and 7 (R06313), changes made to Table 7A - Gas
Piping Chart on page 44 (R6621), the Test Low Water Flow Conditions
information added to the Maintenance Section on page 69, along with
updating the flex piping information (R06464) on page 20.
Revision J (ECO #C14713) reflects high altitude updates.
Revision K (ECO C16987) reflects the update of freeze protection
information on page 58 and the standardization of gas pipe sizing on
pages 43 and 44 (R07763).
CAD-I-S Rev K
01/15