contents - Landscape Ontario

SAFE OPERATION ................................................................................................. 1
SERVICING OF MACHINE ......................................................................................... 1
SPECIFICATIONS....................................................................................................... 3
IMPLEMENT LIMITATIONS ........................................................................................ 6
INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CONTROLS................................................................... 7
MOWER MOUNTING .................................................................................................. 9
MOUNTING THE MOWER DECK ........................................................................... 9
ADJUSTING THE MOWER ................................................................................... 10
DISMOUNTING THE MOWER DECK ................................................................... 10
OPERATING THE ENGINE....................................................................................... 11
MOUNT AND DISMOUNT MACHINE SAFELY..................................................... 11
STARTING THE ENGINE ...................................................................................... 11
Key Switch ...................................................................................................................... 13
CHECK DURING OPERATING ............................................................................. 14
Immediately Stop the Engine if: ...................................................................................... 14
Easy Checker (TM)......................................................................................................... 14
Fuel Valve, Fuel Gauge and Warning Lamp................................................................... 14
Coolant Temperature Gauge .......................................................................................... 15
Hour Meter...................................................................................................................... 16
COLD WEATHER STARTING ............................................................................... 16
BLOCK HEATER (OPTION) .................................................................................. 16
WARMING UP ....................................................................................................... 16
Warm-up and Transmission Oil in the Low Temperature Range.................................... 16
JUMP STARTING .................................................................................................. 17
STOPPING THE ENGINE...................................................................................... 18
Engine Stop Lever (Inside the Hood).............................................................................. 18
OPERATING THE MACHINE.................................................................................... 19
OPERATING NEW MACHINE ............................................................................... 19
Changing Lubricating Oil for New Machines................................................................... 19
Engine Break-in .............................................................................................................. 19
Machine Break-in............................................................................................................ 19
OPERATING FOLDABLE ROPS ........................................................................... 20
To Fold the ROPS .......................................................................................................... 20
To Raise the ROPS to Upright Position.......................................................................... 21
Adjustment of Foldable ROPS........................................................................................ 21
STARTING ............................................................................................................. 22
Operator's Seat............................................................................................................... 22
Seat Belt ......................................................................................................................... 23
Hydraulic Lift Control Pedal ............................................................................................ 23
Throttle Lever.................................................................................................................. 23
Parking Brake Pedal ....................................................................................................... 24
Motion Control Lever ...................................................................................................... 24
FIXING FRONT AXLE............................................................................................ 27
ENGLISH
CONTENTS
ENGLISH
CONTENTS
OSCILLATING FRONT AXLE................................................................................ 27
WORK LIGHT (OPTIONAL KIT) ............................................................................ 27
STOPPING............................................................................................................. 27
PARKING ............................................................................................................... 28
TRANSPORTING................................................................................................... 28
OPERATING THE MOWER ...................................................................................... 29
MAKING THE MOST OF YOUR MOWER............................................................. 29
ADJUSTING CUTTING HEIGHT ........................................................................... 29
OPERATING MOWER........................................................................................... 32
PTO Lever ......................................................................................................................32
Starting ........................................................................................................................... 32
TIRES AND WHEELS ............................................................................................... 33
TIRES..................................................................................................................... 33
Inflation Pressure............................................................................................................ 33
WHEELS ................................................................................................................ 33
Remove and Install Front Caster Wheels ....................................................................... 34
MAINTENANCE......................................................................................................... 35
SERVICE INTERVALS .......................................................................................... 35
PERIODIC SERVICE CHART LABEL ................................................................... 37
LUBRICANTS ........................................................................................................ 38
PERIODIC SERVICE................................................................................................. 40
HOW TO OPEN THE HOOD, FRONT COVER & STEP ....................................... 40
Hood ............................................................................................................................... 40
Front Cover..................................................................................................................... 40
Step ................................................................................................................................ 40
HOW TO RAISE THE OPERATOR'S SEAT.......................................................... 41
HOW TO TILT UP THE MACHINE ........................................................................ 42
HOW TO OPEN THE LEVER GUIDE.................................................................... 43
LIFT-UP POINT...................................................................................................... 44
Front side:....................................................................................................................... 44
Rear side: ....................................................................................................................... 44
DAILY CHECK ....................................................................................................... 44
Checking Engine Oil Level.............................................................................................. 45
Checking Amount of Fuel and Refueling ........................................................................ 46
Checking and Cleaning Radiator Screen and Bonnet Screen to Prevent Overheating.. 46
Checking Tire Pressure .................................................................................................. 47
Inflation Pressure............................................................................................................ 47
Checking Transmission Fluid Level ................................................................................ 48
Checking Coolant Level.................................................................................................. 48
Lubricating All Grease Nipples ....................................................................................... 49
EVERY 50 HOURS ................................................................................................ 49
Safety Devices................................................................................................................ 49
Checking Gear Box Oil Level.......................................................................................... 50
Greasing ......................................................................................................................... 51
Oiling............................................................................................................................... 52
EVERY 100 HOURS .............................................................................................. 53
Cleaning Air Cleaner Primary Element ........................................................................... 53
Checking Fuel Lines and Fuel Filter ............................................................................... 53
Adjusting Fan Drive Belt Tension ................................................................................... 54
Adjusting Parking Brake ................................................................................................. 54
Battery Condition ............................................................................................................ 56
EVERY 150 HOURS .............................................................................................. 57
Changing Gear Box Oil................................................................................................... 57
EVERY 200 HOURS .............................................................................................. 58
Changing Engine Oil....................................................................................................... 58
Replacing Engine Oil Filter Cartridge ............................................................................. 58
Checking Radiator Hose and Clamp .............................................................................. 59
Checking Hydraulic Hose ............................................................................................... 59
Replacing HST Transmission Oil Filter Cartridge ........................................................... 60
Adjusting the Motion Control Lever Pivot........................................................................ 60
Adjusting Front Axle Pivot............................................................................................... 61
Checking Intake Air Line................................................................................................. 61
EVERY 400 HOURS .............................................................................................. 61
Changing Transmission Fluid and Rear Axle Gear Case Oil (RH & LH) ........................ 61
Replacing Hydraulic Oil Filter Cartridge.......................................................................... 62
Replacing Fuel Filter....................................................................................................... 63
EVERY 1500 HOURS ............................................................................................ 63
Checking Fuel Injection Nozzle (Injection Pressure) ...................................................... 63
EVERY 3000 HOURS ............................................................................................ 63
Checking Injection Pump ................................................................................................ 63
EVERY 1 YEAR ..................................................................................................... 63
Replacing Air Cleaner Primary Element and Secondary Element.................................. 63
Flush Cooling System and Changing Coolant ................................................................ 64
Anti-freeze ...................................................................................................................... 65
EVERY 2 YEARS................................................................................................... 66
Replacing Hydraulic Hose .............................................................................................. 66
Replacing Fuel Lines ...................................................................................................... 66
Replacing Radiator Hose................................................................................................ 66
Replacing Mower Gear Box Oil-Seal .............................................................................. 66
Replacing Intake Air Line................................................................................................ 66
SERVICE AS REQUIRED...................................................................................... 66
Replacing Fuses ............................................................................................................. 66
Checking and Replacing Blade....................................................................................... 67
Mower Belt Replacement................................................................................................ 69
Bleeding Fuel System..................................................................................................... 69
ADJUSTMENT........................................................................................................... 70
MOTION CONTROL LEVER ................................................................................. 70
HST NEUTRAL............................................................................................................... 70
MOTION CONTROL LEVER NEUTRAL POSITION ...................................................... 71
MAXIMUM SPEED (FORWARD) ................................................................................... 71
MOTION CONTROL LEVER ALIGNMENT .................................................................... 71
MOWER DECK LEVEL.......................................................................................... 72
ANTI-SCALP ROLLERS................................................................................................. 72
LEVEL MOWER DECK (Side-to-Side) ........................................................................... 73
LEVEL MOWER DECK (Front-to-Rear) ......................................................................... 74
GENERAL TORQUE SPECIFICATION ................................................................. 76
TIGHTENING TORQUE CHART ........................................................................... 77
STORAGE ................................................................................................................. 78
ENGLISH
CONTENTS
ENGLISH
CONTENTS
MACHINE STORAGE ............................................................................................ 78
REMOVING THE MACHINE FROM STORAGE.................................................... 78
TROUBLESHOOTING............................................................................................... 79
ENGINE TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................................ 79
BATTERY TROUBLESHOOTING ......................................................................... 80
MACHINE TROUBLESHOOTING ......................................................................... 80
MOWER TROUBLESHOOTING............................................................................ 81
1
SAFE OPERATION
Careful operation is your best insurance against an
accident. Read and understand this manual carefully
before operating the machine. All operators, no matter
how much experience they may have had, should read
this and other related manuals before operating the
machine or any implement attached to it. It is the owner's
obligation to instruct all operators in safe operation.
This mowing machine is capable of amputating hands and
feet and throwing objects. Failure to observe the following
safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.
1. BEFORE OPERATING
1. The ZERO TURN MOWING MACHINE has different
steering characteristics than other machines with a
steering wheel and does not have a service brake
pedal (but, has a parking brake lock pedal that can be
used to stop the machine in an emergency. Normal
slowing down and stopping is done with the motion
control levers.). Read and understand the operators
manual before operating the machine. Practice
operating machine at low engine speed without mower
engaged in an unobstructed area.
2. Know your equipment and its limitations. Read all
instructions in this manual before attempting to start
and operate the machine.
3. Pay special attention to the warning, caution and
danger labels on the machine itself.
4. KUBOTA recommends the use of a Roll Over
Protective Structures (ROPS) and seat belt in almost
all applications. This combination will reduce the risk
of serious injury or death, should the machine be
upset.
The machine is equipped with a Foldable ROPS,
which may be temporarily folded down only when
absolutely necessary for areas with height constraints.
(There is no operator protection provided by the ROPS
in the folded position. For operator safety the ROPS
should be placed in the upright and locked position
and the seat belt fastened for all other operations.)
If the ROPS is loosened or removed for any reason,
make sure that all parts are reinstalled correctly before
operating the machine.
Never modify or repair a ROPS because welding,
bending, drilling, grinding, or cutting may weaken the
structure.
A damaged ROPS structure must be replaced, not
repaired or revised.
If any structural member of the ROPS is damaged,
replace the entire structure at your local KUBOTA
Dealer.
(1) ROPS
(2) Seat belt
5. Always use the seat belt when the ROPS are upright.
Do not use the seat belt if the ROPS is down or if there
is no ROPS. Check the seat belt regularly and replace
if frayed or damaged.
6. Do not operate the machine or any attachments while
under the influence of alcohol, medication, controlled
substances or when fatigued.
7. Do not wear loose, torn, or bulky clothing around
machine. The clothing may catch on moving parts or
controls, leading to the risk of accident. Wear and use
any additional safety items such as hard hat, safety
boots or shoes, eye and hearing protection, gloves,
etc. As appropriate or required.
8. Do not wear radio or music headphones while
operating the machine.
Safe operation requires your full attention.
9. Carefully check the vicinity before operating machine
or any implement attached to it. Clear the work area of
objects (wires, rocks, etc.) that might be picked up and
thrown. Check for overhead clearance which may
interfere with a grass catcher.
10. Check brakes and other mechanical parts for correct
adjustment and wear. Replace worn or damaged parts
promptly. Check the tightness of all nuts and bolts
regularly. (For further details, see "PERIODIC
SERVICE" and "ADJUSTMENT" section.)
11. Keep all shields and guards in place. Replace any that
are damaged or missing.
12. Before allowing other people to use your machine,
explain how to operate and have them read this
manual before operation.
13. Do not allow any bystanders around or near machine
during operation.
ENGLISH
SAFE OPERATION
ENGLISH
2
SAFE OPERATION
14. Do not allow passengers, children or non-qualified
operators on the machine at any time. The operator
must remain in the machine seat throughout
operation.
15. In addition to the design and configuration of
equipment, hazard control and accident prevention
are dependent upon the awareness, concern, and
prudence of personnel involved in the operation,
transport, maintenance of facilities.
16. Keep the machine and attachments in good operating
condition and keep safety devices in place and in
proper working condition.
17. Do not modify the machine. Unauthorized modification
may affect the function of the machine, which may
result in personal injury.
18. Use only implements recommended by KUBOTA. Use
proper ballast to front or rear of machine to reduce the
risk of upsets. Follow the "Safe Operation"
procedures, specified in the manuals with equipment.
19. Keep your machine clean. Accumulations of dirt,
grease, and trash can contribute to fires and lead to
personal injury.
20. The exhaust gas from the muffler is very hot. To
prevent fire, do not expose dry grass, mowed grass, oil
and any other combustible materials to exhaust gas.
Use a spark arrester where required. Also keep the
engine and muffler clean all the time.
2. OPERATING
C Starting
1. Always sit in the operator's seat when starting engine
or operating levers or controls.
2. Before starting the engine make sure that the motion
control levers are in neutral lock, the parking brake is
applied, and Power Take Off (PTO) is disengaged
(OFF).
3. Do not start engine by shorting across starter
terminals. The machine may start in gear and move if
normal starting circuitry is bypassed.
4. Do not operate or idle engine in a non-ventilated area.
Carbon monoxide gas is colorless, odorless, and
deadly.
5. Do not start engine while titling deck.
C Working
1. Do not turn sharply when driving at high speed.
2. To avoid tip over, slow down when turning on uneven
terrain or before stopping.
3. Do not operate near ditches, holes, embankments, or
other terrain, which may collapse under the machine
weight. The risk of machine tip over increases when
the ground is loose or wet.
4. Park the machine on the firm and level surface.
5. Watch where you are going at all times. Watch for and
avoid obstacles. Be alert at curbs, near trees, and
other obstructions and hidden hazards.
6. Know what is behind you before backing up. Look to
the rear before and when backing. Do not mow while
in reverse unless absolutely necessary and make sure
the area immediately behind you is clear of
obstructions or holes and small children. Use extra
caution when machine is equipped with Grass
Catcher. Your view to the rear is restricted.
7. When working in groups, always let others know what
you are doing ahead of time.
8. Do not drive machine on streets or highways. Watch
for traffic when you cross roads or operate near roads.
9. Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not
point it at anyone.
10. When using any attachments, never direct discharge
material toward bystanders. Do not allow anyone near
the attachments while in operation.
Do not mow when bystanders are present in the
mowing area.
11. To reduce fire hazards, keep the engine exhaust area
free of grass or leaves.
12. Be sure rotating blades and engine are stopped and
the key is removed before placing hands or feet near
blades and cleaning blockages or unclogging chute.
13. Shut the engine off and wait for all movement to stop
before removing grass catcher or unclogging chute.
14. Always inspect the mower for damage after striking a
foreign object. Repair or replace any damaged parts
before restarting.
15. Operate during daylight or in bright artificial light.
C Children
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are attracted to the
machine and the mowing activity.
Never assume that children will remain where you last
saw them.
1. Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
2. Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.
3. Before and when backing, look behind and down for
small children.
4. Never carry children. They may fall off and be
seriously injured or interfere with safe machine
operation.
5. Never allow children to operate the machine, even
under adult supervision. Local regulation can restrict
the age of the operator.
6. Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, or other obstructions that might hide
children from sight.
7. Do not mow in reverse unless it is absolutely
necessary.
C Operators, age 60 years and above
Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above,
are involved in a large percentage of machine-related
injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability to
operate the machine safely enough to protect themselves
and others from serious injury.
C Operation on slopes
Slopes are major factor related to loss-of-control and tipover accidents, which can result in severe injury or death.
All slopes require extra caution.
If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it,
do not mow it.
If the engine stops when operating on a slope apply the
parking brake immediately to prevent machine run away.
DO
1. To avoid tip over, operate across the slopes not up and
down. Stay off hills and slopes too steep for safe
operation.
2. Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
3. Stay alert for holes in the terrain and other hidden
hazards. Keep away from drop-offs. Uneven terrain
could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide
obstacles.
4. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for wheel
weight or counterweights to improve stability.
5. Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
6. Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose
traction, disengage PTO and proceed slowly straight
down the slope.
7. Reduce speed and exercise extreme caution on
slopes and in sharp turns to prevent tip-over or loss of
control.
8. Use special caution when changing direction on
slopes. Slow down, and use extra caution when
changing direction on a slope.
DO NOT
1. Do not turn on slopes unless necessary. If necessary,
turn uphill slowly and gradually.
2. Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments.
The mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over
the edge of cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.
3. Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could
cause sliding and loss of control.
4. Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot
on the ground.
5. Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
6. Do not start or stop suddenly when going uphill or
downhill. Avoid sudden start and stops on slopes.
7. Never "freewheel". Do not let the machine travel
downhill with motion control levers at neutral lock
position or in neutral.
8. Do not operate machine without the mower deck
installed.
3
C Stopping
1. Park the machine on level ground.
2. Make sure that the machine and all attachments have
come to a complete stop before dismounting.
3. Before dismounting, apply parking brake, place the
motion control levers in their neutral lock positions,
disengage the PTO, lower all attachments to the
ground, turn off the engine, and remove the key.
4. Do not park the machine on dry grass or leaves.
3. USING THE PTO
1. Before installing or using PTO-driven equipment, read
the manufacturer's manual and review the safety
labels attached to the equipment.
2. Wait until all moving components have completely
stopped before connecting, disconnecting, adjusting,
cleaning, or servicing any PTO-driven equipment.
3. Use the PTO with KUBOTA approved attachments.
The speed of PTO:
ZD321 / ZD326 2530 rpm at 3200 engine rpm
ZD331 2538 rpm at 3000 engine rpm
4. USING THE LIFT LINK
1. Use lift link only with authorized attachments designed
for lift link usage.
5. TRANSPORTING
1. Disengage power to attachment(s) when transporting
or not in use.
2. Do not tow this machine. Use a suitable truck or trailer
when transporting on public roads.
3. Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine
into a trailer or truck.
4. This machine is not allowed to be used on public
roads.
ENGLISH
SAFE OPERATION
ENGLISH
4
SAFE OPERATION
6. SERVICING AND STORAGE
C Servicing
1. Before servicing, park the machine on a firm, level
surface and apply the parking brake. Remove the key
to prevent accidental start-up.
2. Allow the machine time to cool before touching the
engine, muffler, radiator, etc.
3. Always stop the engine before refueling. Avoid spills
and overfilling. Wipe up spilled fuel immediately.
9. Keep first aid kit and fire extinguisher handy at all
times.
10. Do not remove the radiator cap while coolant is hot.
When cool, slowly rotate cap to the first stop and allow
sufficient time for excess pressure to escape before
removing the cap completely. If the machine has a
coolant recovery tank, add coolant there instead of the
radiator.
11. Do not attempt to mount a tire on a rim unless qualified
to do so and all proper safety precautions are followed.
12. Always maintain the correct tire inflation pressure. Do
not inflate tires above the recommended pressure
shown in the Operator's Manual.
(1) Fuel tank cap
4. Use extra care in handling diesel fuels. They are
flammable.
(1) Use only an approved container.
(2) Do not remove fuel cap or refuel with the engine
running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do
not smoke while refueling or when standing near
fuel.
(3) Do not refuel the machine indoors and always
clean up spilled fuel or oil.
(4) Do not store the machine or fuel container inside
where there is an open flame, such as in a water
heater.
5. Do not smoke when working around battery or when
refueling. Keep all sparks and flames away from
battery and fuel tank.
A battery, especially when charging, will give off
hydrogen and oxygen gases, which can explode and
cause serious personal injury.
6. Before "jump starting" a dead battery, read and follow
all the instructions.
7. Disconnect the battery's ground cable before working
on or near electric components.
8. Do not use or charge the refillable type battery if the
fluid level is below the LOWER (lower limit level) mark.
Otherwise, the battery component parts may
prematurely deteriorate, which may shorten the
battery's service life or cause an explosion. Check the
fluid level regularly and add distilled water as required
so that the fluid level is between the UPPER and
LOWER levels.
13. Provide adequate support when changing wheels.
14. Make sure that wheel nuts and bolts have been
tightened to the specified torque.
15. Escaping hydraulic fluid under pressure has sufficient
force to penetrate the skin causing serious personal
injury. Before disconnecting lines, be sure to relieve all
pressure. Before applying pressure to the system,
make sure all connections are tight and that lines,
pipes, and hoses are not damaged.
16. Fluid escaping from pinholes may be invisible. Use a
piece of cardboard or wood to search for suspected
leaks: do not use hands. Use safety goggles or other
eye protection.
If injured by escaping fluid, see a medical doctor at
once. Serious infection or reaction will result if proper
medical treatment is not administered immediately.
This fluid can produce gangrene or severe allergic
reaction.
5
A A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) provides
specific details on chemical products; physical and
health hazards, safety procedures, and emergency
response techniques. The seller of the chemical
products used with your machine is responsible for
providing the MSDS for that product upon request.
C Storage
1. Keep the machine and supply of fuel in locked storage
and remove the ignition key to prevent children or
others from playing or tampering with them.
2. To avoid sparks from an accidental short circuit,
always disconnect the battery's ground cable (-) first
and reconnect it last.
(1) Cardboard
(2) Hydraulic line
(3) Magnifying glass
17. Do not make adjustments or repairs with the engine
running.
18. Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other debris
build-up.
19. Do not change the engine governor setting or
overspeed the engine.
20. Do not run a machine inside a closed area.
21. Mower blades are sharp and can cut your hands. Wrap
the blade(s) or wear gloves, and use extra caution
when servicing them.
22. Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment
bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.
23. Never tamper with safety devices. Check their
operation for proper function regularly.
24. Waste products such as used oil, fuel, coolant, brake
fluid, and batteries, can harm the environment, people,
pets and wildlife. Please dispose of properly.
25. Do not use beverage containers for waste fluids or
other products. Someone, particularly children, may
drink them by mistake.
26. Securely support machine or any machine elements
with stands or suitable blocking before working
underneath. For your safety do not rely or hydraulically
supported devices, they may leak down, suddenly
drop or be accidently lowered.
27. See your local Recycling Center or KUBOTA Dealer to
learn how to recycle or get rid of waste products.
(1) Battery
(2) Ground cable
(+): Positive terminal
(-): Negative terminal
3. To avoid the danger of exhaust fume poisoning, do not
operate the engine in a closed building without
adequate ventilation.
4. To reduce fire hazards, clean the machine thoroughly
before storage. Dry grass and leaves around the
engine and muffler may ignite.
ENGLISH
SAFE OPERATION
ENGLISH
6
SAFE OPERATION
7. DANGER, WARNING AND CAUTION LABELS
7
ENGLISH
SAFE OPERATION
ENGLISH
8
SAFE OPERATION
9
ENGLISH
SAFE OPERATION
8. CARE OF DANGER, WARNING, AND CAUTION LABELS
1.
2.
3.
4.
Keep danger, warning and caution labels clean and free from obstructing material.
Clean danger, warning and caution labels with soap and water, and dry with a soft cloth.
Replace damaged or missing danger, warning and caution labels with new labels from your local KUBOTA Dealer.
If a component with danger, warning and caution label(s) affixed is replaced with new part, make sure new label(s) is
(are) attached in the same location(s) as the replaced component.
5. Mount new danger, warning and caution labels by applying on a clean dry surface and pressing any bubbles to outside
edge.
SERVICING OF MACHINE
After reading this manual thoroughly, you will find that you
can do some of the regular maintenance yourself. Your
dealer is interested in helping you get the best
performance from your new machine and wants to help
you get the most value from it. When in need of parts or
major service, be sure to see your KUBOTA Dealer. When
in need of parts, be prepared to give your dealer the
machine, engine and mower serial numbers.
Locate the serial numbers now and record them in the
space provided.
Type
Machine
Serial No.
(1) Engine serial No.
Engine
Mower
Date of Purchase
Name of Dealer
(To be filled in by purchaser)
(1) Engine serial No.
(1) Machine identification plate
(2) Machine serial No.
(1) Mower identification plate
(2) Mower serial No.
1
ENGLISH
SERVICING OF MACHINE
SERVICING OF MACHINE
ENGLISH
2
(1) Mower identification plate
(2) Mower serial No.
(1) ROPS serial No.
3
ENGLISH
SPECIFICATIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
Model
ZD321N
Model
Max. engine power
(Gross)
kW (HP)
ZD321
ZD326S
D1305-E3-ZD
15.7 (21) (*1)
19.4 (26) (*1)
23.1 (31) (*1)
Liquid-cooled
Bore and stroke
Total displacement
Rated revolution
3
mm (in.)
cm (cu. in.)
67 x 73.6
(2.64 x 2.80)
76 x 73.6
(2.99 x 2.90)
78 x 88.0
(3.07 x 3.46)
778 (47.5)
1001 (61.1)
1261 (77.0)
rpm
3200
3000
Diesel fuel No.1 [below -10
Diesel fuel No.2 [above -10
Fuel
Starter
(14
(14
Forced lubrication by gear pump
Cooling
Liquid with pressurized radiator
Battery
51R (12V, RC:70min, CCA:450A)
Fuel tank
L (U.S.gals.)
49 (12.9)
Engine crankcase
(with filter)
L (U.S.qts.)
3.5 (3.70)
Engine coolant
L (U.S.qts.)
2.7 (2.85)
Recovery tank
L (U.S.qts.)
0.25 (0.26)
Transmission case
including Rear axle
gear case
L (U.S.qts.)
12.1 (12.8) (*3)
Overall length
mm (in.)
Overall width
w/o mower deck
mm (in.)
Dimensions
2185 (86.0)
2220 (87.4)
1365 (53.7)
With
ROPS
folded
mm (in.)
1555 (61.2)
mm (in.)
2335 (91.9)
1460 (57.5)
1915(75.4)
Min. ground clearance
5.7 (6.0)
3.5 (3.70)
mm (in.)
mm (in.)
Weight
(W/MOWER DECK)
3.9 (4.1)
With
ROPS
upright
Wheelbase
Tread
)]
)]
Electric starter with battery, glow plug, 12V, 1.1kW
Lubrication
Overall
height
ZD331LP
D1005-E2-ZD-2
Number of cylinders
Capacities
ZD331P
D782-E2-ZD
Type
Engine
ZD326P
1410 (55.5)
130 (5.12)
W/54",W/60"
Front
mm (in.)
Rear
mm (in.)
1100 (43.3)
kg (lbs.)
730 (1609)
with 54"
1525 (60.0)
130 (5.12)
W/60"
130 (5.12)
W/60",W/72"
975 (38.4)
1070 (42.1)
1150 (45.3)
755 (1664)
with 60"
798 (1759)
with 60"
813 (1792)
with 60"
820 (1808)
with 60"
845 (1863)
with 72"
SPECIFICATIONS
ENGLISH
4
Model
ZD321N
Front
Tires
Traveling
system
Traveling
speeds
ZD326S
ZD326P
15 x 6.0 - 6 (4PR) Rib
26 x 10.5 - 12
(4PR) Turf
Rear
ZD331P
ZD331LP
15 x 6.0 - 6 (Semi-pneumatic Non Flat Tire) Rib
26 x 12.0 - 12 (4PR) Turf
Forward
mph (km/h)
0 to 9.3 (0 to 15.0)
0 to 10.6 (0 to 17.0) (*2)
Reverse
mph (km/h)
0 to 5.2 (0 to 8.3)
0 to 5.3 (0 to 8.5) (*2)
Steering
2 - Hand levers
Transmission
2 - HST w / Gear
Parking brake
Wet multi disk / Foot applied, released
Min. turning radius
Revolution
PTO
ZD321
Drive system
mm (in.)
0 (0)
1 speed
(2530 rpm at 3200 engine rpm)
1 speed
(2538 rpm at 3000 engine rpm)
Shaft drive, KUBOTA 10 tooth involute spline
Clutch type
Wet multi disks
PTO brake
Wet single disk
(Specifications and design subject to change without notice)
NOTE:
*1: Manufacturer's estimate
*2: At 3200 engine rpm [ZD321, ZD326] At 3000 engine rpm [ZD331]
*3: Oil amount when the oil level is at the upper level.
Model
RCK54P-321Z
RCK60P-331Z
RCK72P-331Z
Suitable machine
ZD321N
ZD321, ZD326S,
ZD326P, ZD331P
ZD331LP
Mounting method
Quick joint, Parallel linkage
Adjustment of cutting height
PRO
Commercial
Deck
(Fabricated
deck)
Dial gauge
Cutting width
mm (in.)
Cutting height
mm (in.)
Weight (Approx.)
kg (lbs.)
128 (281)
148 (327)
169 (373)
Blade spindle speed
r/s (rpm)
58.8 (3530) *1
56.0 (3360) *1
47.2 (2830) *1
m/s
(fpm)
87.8 (17300)*1
92.0 (18100)*1
92.6 (18200)*1
mm (in.)
475 (18.7)
523 (20.6)
625 (24.6)
Blade tip velocity
Blade length
1375 (54)
*1: Engine Max rpm
1829 (72.0)
25 to 127 (1.0 to 5.0)
Number of blades
Dimensions
1524 (60.0)
3
Total length mm (in.)
940 (37.0)
1002 (39.4)
1170 (46.1)
Total width
mm (in.)
1704 (67.1)
1911 (75.2)
2224 (87.6)
Total height mm (in.)
353 (13.9)
358 (14.1)
5
ENGLISH
SPECIFICATIONS
ENGLISH
6
IMPLEMENT LIMITATIONS
IMPLEMENT LIMITATIONS
The KUBOTA Machine has been thoroughly tested for proper performance with implements sold or approved by KUBOTA.
Use with implements which are not sold or approved by KUBOTA and which exceed the maximum specifications listed
below, or which are otherwise unfit for use with the KUBOTA Machine may result in malfunctions or failures of the machine,
damage to other property and injury to the operator or others. [Any malfunctions or failures of the machine resulting from
use with improper implements are not covered by the warranty.]
Maximum loading weight
Front axle Wf
Rear axle Wr
200 kg (440 lbs.)
920 kg (2028 lbs.)
Implement weight W
Maximum total weight
200 kg (440 lbs.)
1120 kg (2468 lbs.)
ZD321 [N]
ZD326P [S]
ZD331P [L]
7
ENGLISH
INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CONTROLS
INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CONTROLS
ILLUSTRATED CONTENTS
ILLUSTRATED CONTENTS
(1)
Parking brake pedal..........................
11, 24
(9)
Coolant temperature gauge..................
15
(2)
Parking brake lock pedal......................
11, 24
(10) Fuel gauge (LH tank only).....................
14
(3)
Motion control lever..............................
11, 24
(11) Key switch............................................
13
(4)
Cup holder............................................
-
(12) Easy checker (TM)...............................
14
(5)
Seat belt...............................................
23
(13) Cutting height control dial.....................
29
(6)
Operator's seat.....................................
22
(14) Hour meter...........................................
16
(7)
Hydraulic lift control pedal (DOWN)......
23
(15) PTO lever.............................................
32
(8)
Hydraulic lift control pedal (UP)............
23
(16) Throttle lever........................................
23
INSTRUMENT PANEL AND CONTROLS
ENGLISH
8
ILLUSTRATED CONTENTS
(1) Anti-scalp roller (Front, swivel type).......... 29
(2) Anti-scalp roller (Front)............................. 29
(3) Anti-scalp roller (Rear).............................
29
9
ENGLISH
MOWER MOUNTING
MOWER MOUNTING
MOUNTING THE MOWER DECK
To avoid personal injury:
A Park the machine on a firm and level surface.
A Apply the parking brake.
A Stop the engine and remove the key.
A For easy installation set the anti scalp roller as shown
below.
54" mower: Four places
60", 72" mower: Two places rear
1. Before mounting the mower deck, raise the lift links to
the full up position.
2. Adjust the cutting height control dial to 1 in. position.
3. Tilt-up the machine with the maintenance lift system.
(See "HOW TO TILT UP THE MACHINE" in
"PERIODIC SERVICE" section.)
4. Place the mower deck at the right side of the machine.
(1) Anti scalp roller
6. Place 50 mm (2 in.) wood blocks under each side of
the mower deck.
7. Depress the hydraulic lift control pedal (DOWN) and
pull down the lift links.
8. Attach the lift links to the mower deck with attaching
hardware.
5. Slide the mower deck under the machine, and make
sure that the mower gear case is placed properly in the
center of the machine, lower the axle from the tilt-up
position to the normal position.
(1) Lift link
(2) Clevis pin, Plain washer, Snap ring
ENGLISH
10
MOWER MOUNTING
9. Install universal joint.
Pull back the coupler of the universal joint.
Push the universal joint onto the PTO shaft until the
coupler locks.
A Tug the universal joint backward and forward to make
sure it is locked securely.
(1) Universal joint
(2) Coupler
(A) "PULL"
10. After mounting the mower, check the mower level. If
necessary, adjust the mower level and anti-scalp
rollers.
ADJUSTING THE MOWER
See "OPERATING THE MOWER" section.
DISMOUNTING THE MOWER DECK
For dismounting the mower deck, reverse the above
procedures.
11
ENGLISH
OPERATING THE ENGINE
OPERATING THE ENGINE
STARTING THE ENGINE
To avoid personal injury:
A Read "SAFE OPERATION" in the front of this
manual.
A Read the danger, warning and caution labels
located on the machine.
A To avoid danger of exhaust fume poisoning, do
not operate the engine in a closed building
without proper ventilation.
A Never start the engine while standing on the
ground. Start the engine only from operator's
seat.
1. Sit on the operator's seat.
2. Apply the parking brake.
To apply the parking brake:
Depress the parking brake pedal firmly with your right
foot and the parking brake lock pedal simultaneously
with your left foot. Then release the parking brake
pedal while holding the parking brake lock pedal down.
MOUNT AND DISMOUNT MACHINE
SAFELY
DO NOT step on either side of the mower deck when
mounting and dismounting the machine. When mounting
the machine from either side, step over the mower deck.
(1) Parking brake pedal
(2) Parking brake lock pedal
(A) "DEPRESS"
To release the parking brake:
Depress the brake pedal and release slowly with your
right foot without pressing the parking brake lock
pedal.
ENGLISH
12
OPERATING THE ENGINE
3. Make sure that the PTO lever is in the
"DISENGAGED" (OFF) position.
5. Set the throttle lever 1/2 way forward.
(1) Throttle lever
(1) PTO lever
"ENGAGED" (ON)
"DISENGAGED" (OFF)
4. Place the motion control levers in the
"NEUTRAL LOCK" position.
"FAST"
"SLOW"
6. Insert the key into the key switch and
turn clockwise one notch.
Make sure the Easy Checker (TM) lights
are ON.
A Do not depress the hydraulic lift control pedal.
When the engine is off, depressing the hydraulic lift
control pedal (UP or DOWN) will lower the implement.
(1) Motion control lever (LH)
(2) Motion control lever (RH)
(A) "NEUTRAL LOCK"
Position
(B) "NEUTRAL" Position
(C) "FORWARD"
(D) "REVERSE"
13
ENGLISH
OPERATING THE ENGINE
BKey Switch
OFF............
The position where the key can be
inserted into or removed from the
key switch. [When the key is turned
this position, the engine shuts off.]
ON..............
The engine keeps running.
PREHEAT... The super glow plug is heated.
START.......
Apply the parking brake and turn the
key switch to this position to start the
engine.
(1) Glow plug indicator
A Because of the safety devices, the engine may not be
started except when the PTO clutch is
"DISENGAGED" (OFF), the parking brake lock pedal
is applied, motion control levers are in "NEUTRAL
LOCK" position and the operator is sitting in the seat.
: "OFF"
: "ON"
: "PREHEAT"
: "START"
7. Turn the key switch clockwise, and
hold it for about 5 seconds. (at the
"PREHEAT" position)
For the appropriate preheating time, refer to the table
below:
Temperature
Preheating Time
Over 0
(32
)
5 sec.
Below 0
(32
)
10 sec.
A Glow plug indicator (1) comes on while the engine is
being preheated.
8. Turn the key switch to the "START"
position and release the key to the
"ON" position when the engine starts.
A Do not use starting fluid or ether.
A To protect the battery and the starter, make sure that
the starter is not continuously turned for more than 10
seconds.
A Do not turn the key switch while the engine is running.
A When the temperature is below 0
(32 ), run the
engine at medium speed to warm up the lubricant of
the engine and transmission for at least 10 minutes. If
the machine is operated before the lubricant is warm
enough, the machine life will be shortened.
A Do not operate the machine under full load until it is
sufficiently warmed up.
A When the ambient temperature is less than -15
(5 ), remove the battery from the machine and store
it somewhere warm until next operation.
9.
Make sure that the Easy Checker (TM)
lights have gone off. If the light is still
on, immediately stop the engine and
check the remedy following the
instruction. (See "CHECK DURING
OPERATING" in "OPERATING THE
ENGINE" section.)
10. Warm the engine by running at
medium speed.
ENGLISH
14
OPERATING THE ENGINE
CHECK DURING OPERATING
While operating, make the following checks to see that all
the parts are functioning normally.
BFuel Valve, Fuel Gauge and Warning Lamp
1. There are three switch positions in the fuel valve. (See
"Fuel valve position" below.)
BImmediately Stop the Engine if:
A The engine suddenly slows down or accelerates.
A Unusual noises are suddenly heard.
A Exhaust fumes suddenly become discolored.
BEasy Checker (TM)
If the warning lamps in the Easy Checker (TM) come on
during operation, stop the engine immediately, and find
the cause as shown below.
Never operate the machine while Easy Checker (TM)
lamp is "ON".
(1) Fuel valve
(A) "OFF"
(B) RH (Primary tank)
(C) LH (Secondary tank)
Fuel valve position
Rightward
OFF
Downward
RH (Primary tank)
Leftward
LH (Secondary tank)
(1) Easy checker (TM)
Engine oil pressure
If the oil pressure in the engine goes below the
prescribed level, the warning lamp in the Easy
Checker (TM) will come on.
If this should happen during operation, stop the
engine immediately and check level of engine oil.
Electrical charge
If the alternator is not charging the battery, the warning
lamp in the Easy Checker (TM) will come on.
If this should happen during operation, check the
electrical charging system or consult your local
KUBOTA Dealer.
Fuel level [RH tank (primary tank) only]
If the fuel in the RH tank (primary tank) goes below the
prescribed level, the warning lamp in the Easy
Checker (TM) will come on. (less than 9.0 L (2.38 U.S.
gals.) in the RH tank)
If this should happen during operation, switch to
the LH tank (secondary tank).
(1) Fuel gauge
for LH tank (Secondary tank)
(2) Fuel level warning lamp
for RH tank (Primary tank)
(E) "EMPTY"
(F) "FULL"
2. The fuel gauge shows the amount of fuel left in the LH
tank (secondary tank).
3. Use the fuel in the RH tank (primary tank) first.
4. When the waring lamp in the Easy Checker (TM)
comes on, switch to the LH tank (secondary tank).
5. After switching to the LH tank, if the fuel gauge
indicates "E", the fuel in the LH tank (secondary tank)
is empty (less than 3.4 L (0.9 U.S gals.) in the LH
tank). Refuel as soon as possible. (See "Checking
Amount of Fuel and Refueling" in "DAILY CHECK" in
"PERIODIC SERVICE" section.)
A Fill the fuel tank only to bottom of the filler neck.
A Use the fuel from the RH tank (primary tank) first.
Before the RH tank (primary tank) becomes empty
(less than 9.0 L (2.38 U.S. gals.) in the RH tank),
switch to the LH tank (secondary tank).
A Be careful not to empty the fuel tank. Otherwise air
may enter the fuel system.
Should this happen, the system should be bled. (See
"Bleeding Fuel System" in "SERVICE AS REQUIRED"
in "PERIODIC SERVICE" section.)
15
BCoolant Temperature Gauge
To avoid personal injury:
A Do not remove radiator cap until coolant
temperature is well below its boiling point.
Then loosen cap slightly to the stop to relieve
any excess pressure before removing cap
completely.
If the indicator reaches red zone, or horn sounds.
1. Place the PTO lever in the "DISENGAGE" (OFF)
position.
2. Move the machine to the level surface, and apply the
parking brake.
3. Place the throttle lever in the engine idle position, and
let the engine run for a few minutes.
4. Check the Cooling System, after it has sufficient time
to cool down.
Check the following items:
1. Shortage or leakage of the coolant.
2. Foreign matter on the radiator net or dust and dirt
between the radiator fins.
3. Looseness of fan belt.
4. Blockage in the radiator tube.
(See "PERIODIC SERVICE" section.)
(1) Coolant temperature gauge
ENGLISH
OPERATING THE ENGINE
ENGLISH
16
OPERATING THE ENGINE
BHour Meter
This meter gives readings for the hours the machine has
been operated for.
A As the hour meter works electrically, it starts to work
when the key switch is turned to "ON", regardless of
the engine running or not.
WARMING UP
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to apply the parking brake during
warm-up.
For 5 minutes after engine start-up, allow the engine to
warm up without applying any load. This is to allow oil to
reach every engine part. If load should be applied to the
engine without this warm-up period, the troubles such as
seizure, breakage or premature wear may develop.
BWarm-up and Transmission Oil in the Low
Temperature Range
(1) Hour meter
COLD WEATHER STARTING
When the ambient temperature is below -5
(23 ) and
the engine is very cold. (If the engine fails to start after 10
seconds, turn off the key for 30 seconds. Then repeat
steps 8, 9 and 10. To protect the battery and the starter,
make sure that the starter is not continuously turned for
more than 30 seconds.)
BLOCK HEATER (OPTION)
A block heater is available as an option from your local
dealer. It will assist you in starting your machine when the
ambient temperature is below freezing.
Hydraulic oil serves as transmission oil. In cold weather,
the oil may be cold with increased viscosity. This can
cause delayed oil circulation or abnormally low hydraulic
pressure for some time after engine start-up. This in turn
can result in a trouble in the hydraulic system or a damage
to the hydraulic clutch.
To prevent the above, observe the following instructions:
Warm up the engine at about 50% of rated rpm according
to the table below:
Ambient temperature
Higher than 0
0 to -10
-10 to -20
Warm-up time requirement
(32
)
Approx. 5 minutes
(32 to 14
)
5 to 10 minutes
(14 to -4
Below -20
(-4
)
)
10 to 15 minutes
More than 15 minutes
A Do not operate unless the engine is well warmed up. If
operation is attempted while the engine is still cold, the
hydraulic mechanism will not function properly and its
service life will be shortened.
A If noises are heard after the hydraulic control lever has
been activated and the implement is lifting, the
hydraulic mechanism is not adjusted properly. Unless
corrected, the unit will be damaged. Contact your local
KUBOTA Dealer for adjustment.
17
JUMP STARTING
To avoid personal injury:
A Battery gases can explode. Keep cigarettes,
sparks, and flames away from battery.
A If the machine battery is frozen, do not jump
start the engine.
A Do not connect the other end of negative
jumper cable to the negative terminal of the
machine battery.
When jump starting engine, follow the instructions below
to start the engine safely.
1. Bring a helper vehicle with a battery of the same
voltage as a disabled machine within easy cable
reach. "THE VEHICLES MUST NOT TOUCH".
2. Apply the parking brakes of both vehicles and put the
shift levers in neutral. Shut the engine off.
3. Put on safety goggles and rubber gloves.
4. Ensure vent caps are securely in place (if equipped).
5. Cover vent caps with damp rags. Do not allow the rag
to touch the battery terminals.
6. Attach the red clamp to the positive (red, (+) or pos.)
terminal of the dead battery and clamp the other end
of the same cable to the positive (red, (+) or pos.)
terminal of the helper battery.
7. Clamp the other cable to the negative (black, (-) or
neg.) terminal of the helper battery.
8. Clamp the other end to the engine block or the frame
of the disabled machine as far from the dead battery
as possible.
9. Start the helper vehicle and let its engine run for a few
moments. Start the disabled machine.
10. Disconnect the jumper cables in the exact reverse
order of attachment. (Steps 8, 7 and 6)
11. Remove and discard the damp rags.
(1) Dead battery
(2) Lay a damp rag
over the vent caps
(3) Jumper cables
(4) Engine block or frame
(5) Helper battery
Connect cables in numerical order.
Disconnect in reverse order after
use.
A This machine has a 12 volt negative (-) ground starting
system.
A Use only same voltage for jump starting.
A Use of a higher voltage source on a machine could
result in severe damage to the machine electrical
system.
Use only matching voltage source when "jumpstarting" a low or dead battery condition.
ENGLISH
OPERATING THE ENGINE
ENGLISH
18
OPERATING THE ENGINE
STOPPING THE ENGINE
1. After idling the engine, turn the key switch to
"OFF" position.
2. Remove the key.
3. Do not leave the key switch "ON" (key in the "ON"
position) as the battery will discharge when the
engine is not running.
4. Apply the parking brake.
5. Turn the fuel valve to the "OFF" position.
BEngine Stop Lever (Inside the Hood)
The engine stops when the key switch is turned "OFF". If
the engine does not stop, make sure the motion control
levers are in the "NEUTRAL LOCK" position, the PTO
lever is "OFF", the mower lowered to the ground and
apply the parking brake, then carefully get off the
machine. Then open the hood and pull engine stop lever
(Red mark) and hold it until the engine stops. Then
contact your local KUBOTA Dealer immediately.
To avoid personal injury:
A Do not operate the machine until the engine
stop system is repaired.
(1) Fuel valve
(A) "OFF"
(B) RH (Primary tank)
(C) LH (Secondary tank)
Fuel valve position
Rightward
OFF
Downward
RH (Primary tank)
Leftward
LH (Secondary tank)
(1) Engine stop lever
19
OPERATING THE MACHINE
OPERATING NEW MACHINE
How a new machine is operated and maintained
determines the life of the machine.
A new machine just off the factory production line has
been, of course, tested, but the various parts are not
accustomed to each other, so care should be taken to
operate the machine for the first 50 hours at a slower
speed and avoid excessive work or operation until the
various parts become "broken-in." The manner in which
the machine is handled during the "breaking-in" period
greatly affects the life of your machine. Therefore, to
obtain the maximum performance and the longest life of
the machine, it is very important to properly break-in your
machine. In handling a new machine, the following
precautions should be observed.
BChanging Lubricating Oil for New
Machines
The lubricating oil is especially important in the case of a
new machine. The various parts are not "broken-in" and
are not accustomed to each other; small metal grit may
develop during the operation of the machine; and this may
wear out or damage the parts. Therefore, care should be
taken to change the lubricating oil a little earlier than
would ordinarily be required.
For further details of change interval hours.
(See "SERVICE INTERVALS" in "MAINTENANCE"
section.)
BEngine Break-in
After the first 50 hours of operation, change the engine oil
and filter. (See "EVERY 200 HOURS" in "PERIODIC
SERVICE" section.)
To avoid personal injury:
A The machine relies upon the engine driven
transmission for speed, direction and steering
control. If the engine is not running, the
machine cannot be driven or controlled.
If the engine stops when operating on a slope,
apply the parking brake immediately to prevent
machine runaway.
A Do not allow any person other than the driver to
ride on the machine.
A Do not drive the machine close to the edges of
ditches or banks which may collapse under the
weight of the machine, especially when the
ground is loose or wet.
A When turning the machine, be sure to reduce
the travel speed and operate motion control
levers carefully.
A To avoid tip over, operate across slopes, not up
and down. Avoid sudden starts and stops on
slopes. Slow down, and use extra caution when
changing direction on a slope.
Park the machine on a firm and level surface.
A Watch where you are going at all times. Watch
for and avoid obstacles. Be alert at curbs, near
trees, and other obstructions and hidden
hazards.
A Do not drive machine on streets or highways.
Watch for traffic when you cross roads or
operate near roads.
A Look to the rear before and when backing.
Make sure the area immediately behind you is
clear of obstructions or holes and small
children. Use extra caution when machine is
equipped with Grass Catcher.
BMachine Break-in
After the first 400 hours of operation, change the
transmission fluid. (See "EVERY 400 HOURS" in
"PERIODIC SERVICE" section.)
After the first 50 hours of operation, change the oil filter
cartridge. (See "EVERY 200 HOURS" "EVERY 400
HOURS" in "PERIODIC SERVICE" section.)
To avoid serious injury or death:
A Do not operate the mower without the deflector
shield in the down position.
To avoid personal injury:
A Clear the work area of objects which might be
picked up and thrown by blades.
A Do not direct the opening of the chute at
bystanders or animals. Ejected objects may
cause injury. Plan your mowing carefully
before starting operation.
A Keep bystanders especially children and
animals away from the mowing area.
A Be sure to disengage the PTO and sit on the
operator's seat before starting the engine.
ENGLISH
OPERATING THE MACHINE
ENGLISH
20
OPERATING THE MACHINE
OPERATING FOLDABLE ROPS
A When raising or folding the ROPS, apply parking
brake, stop the engine and remove the key.
Always perform function from a stable position
from the rear of the machine.
A Fold the ROPS down only when absolutely
necessary and fold it up and lock it again as soon
as possible.
A Before proceeding to fold the ROPS, check for any
possible interference with installed implements
and attachments.
if interference occurs, contact your KUBOTA
Dealer.
3. Fold the ROPS.
To avoid personal injury:
A Hold the ROPS tightly with both hands and fold
the ROPS slowly and carefully.
BTo Fold the ROPS
1. Unscrew the knob bolts 1 to 2 turns.
2. Remove both lock pins.
(1) ROPS
4. Align lock pin holes and insert both lock pins and
secure them with the hair pins.
To avoid personal injury:
A Make sure that both lock pins are properly
installed and secured with the hair pins.
(1) Lock pin
(2) Hair pin
(3) Knob bolt
(1) Lock pin
(2) Hair pin
21
BTo Raise the ROPS to Upright Position
BAdjustment of Foldable ROPS
1. Remove both hair pins and lock pins.
A Adjust free fall of the ROPS upper frame regularly.
A If you feel less friction when folding the ROPS, tighten
the nut (1) until you feel the right friction in the
movement and then replace the cotter pin.
(1) Lock pin
(2) Hair pin
2. Raise ROPS to the upright position.
To avoid personal injury:
A Raise the ROPS slowly and carefully.
3. Align lock pin holes, insert both lock pins and secure
them with the hair pins.
4. Tighten the knob bolts slightly.
To avoid personal injury:
A Make sure that both lock pins are properly
installed as soon as the ROPS is in the upright
position and secured with the hair pins.
(1) Lock pin
(2) Hair pin
(3) Knob bolt
(1) Nut
ENGLISH
OPERATING THE MACHINE
ENGLISH
22
OPERATING THE MACHINE
STARTING
1. Adjust the operator's position.
BOperator's Seat
To avoid personal injury:
A Make adjustments to the seat only while the
machine is stopped.
A Make sure that the seat is completely secured
after each adjustment.
A Do not allow any person other than the driver to
ride on the machine.
(1) Travel adjust lever
(2) Suspension adjust knob
(3) Lumber support adjust lever
(4) Arm rest
(5) Arm rest angle adjust knob
(6) Backrest tilt adjust knob
C Travel adjustment
Unlock the travel adjust lever and slide the seat backward
or forward, as required. The seat will lock in position when
the lever is released.
To avoid personal injury:
A Use extra caution when unlocking the travel
adjust lever because the seat might slide
forward by itself.
C Suspension adjustment
Pull the suspension adjust knob and turn it to achieve the
optimum suspension setting. After setting, push back the
knob.
C Lumbar support adjustment
Turn the lumbar support adjust lever to the desired
position.
C Arm rest
Arm rest may be set at upright position if desired.
C Arm rest angle adjustment
Turn the arm rest angle adjust knob to the desired angle.
C Backrest tilt adjustment
Turn the backrest tilt adjust knob to the desired angle.
A After adjusting the operator's seat, be sure to check to
see that the seat is properly locked.
BSeat Belt
To avoid personal injury:
A Always use the seat belt when the ROPS is
installed.
A Do not use the seat belt if a foldable ROPS is
down or there is no ROPS.
Adjust the seat belt for proper fit and connect to the
buckle. The seat belt is auto-locking retractable type
.
23
A Do not operate until the engine is warmed up. If
operation is attempted when the engine is still cold, the
hydraulic system may be damaged.
A Do not operate at slow Engine rpm. Move the throttle
lever above 1/2.
A If noises are heard when implement is lifting after the
hydraulic lift control pedal has been activated, the
hydraulic mechanism is not adjusted properly. Contact
your local KUBOTA Dealer for adjustment.
A Do not depress the hydraulic lift control pedal.
When the engine is off, depressing the hydraulic lift
control pedal (UP or DOWN) will lower the implement.
3. Accelerate the engine.
BThrottle Lever
Moving the throttle lever backward decreases the engine
speed and moving it forward increases the engine speed.
(1) Seat belt
2. Raise the implement.
BHydraulic Lift Control Pedal
The hydraulic lift control pedal is used to raise and lower
the implement used with the machine (ex. Mower).
To lower the implement, depress the hydraulic lift control
pedal (DOWN).
To raise it, depress the hydraulic lift control pedal (UP).
(1) Hydraulic lift control pedal (UP) (A) "DEPRESS"
"UP"
(2) Hydraulic lift control pedal
"DOWN"
(DOWN)
(1) Throttle lever
"INCREASE"
"DECREASE"
ENGLISH
OPERATING THE MACHINE
ENGLISH
24
OPERATING THE MACHINE
4. Unlock the parking brake.
BParking Brake Pedal
BMotion Control Lever
To release the parking brake:
Depress the brake pedal and release slowly with your
right foot, without pressing the parking brake lock
pedal.
(1) Parking brake pedal
(2) Parking brake lock pedal
5. Operate the machine.
(A) "DEPRESS"
To avoid personal injury:
A Understand how to use the motion control
levers and practice in an unrestricted area at a
little more than an idle speed without the
mower engaged until becoming proficient in
the operation of the machine.
A Do not move motion control levers from
forward to reverse or reverse to forward
position rapidly.
Sudden direction changes could cause loss of
control or damage to the machine or property.
A Do not make sharp turns at high speeds.
Fast and sharp turns could cause loss of
control.
A Motion control levers must be in "NEUTRAL
LOCK" position to safely enter and exit the
operator's seat or to carry out maintenance and
safety checks.
Stop position
C Neutral lock position
A Forward and reverse movement of the motion control
levers are prevented when levers are in "NEUTRAL
LOCK" position. (Engine can only be started with
levers in this position.)
(1) Motion control levers
(A) "NEUTRAL LOCK" position
(B) "NEUTRAL" position
25
Operating position
Machine speed and steering is controlled by the motion
control levers, when the engine is running and the parking
brake is released.
To avoid personal injury:
A The motion control lever adjustment is
important to ensure the machine operates
properly.
To avoid personal injury:
A No control is provided by the motion control
levers when the engine is off.
A The motion control linkages are adjustable.
If adjustment is required, see "ADJUSTMENT"
section. We recommend you to contact your local
KUBOTA Dealer.
C Neutral position
A Grasp the motion control levers and move them
inward from the "NEUTRAL LOCK" position so that the
machine is in "NEUTRAL". (Engine cannot be
restarted.)
C Re-start on the slopes
To avoid personal injury:
A Do not stop or change directions on the slopes.
These operations could cause loss of the
machine traction or control.
Starting procedure on the slopes is different
from the usual start mode on a flat surface,
understand how to re-start on the slopes and
use extra caution.
If a situation occurs where it is necessary to stop and restart on a slope, refer to the following operational steps.
(1) Motion control levers
(A) "NEUTRAL" position
(B) "NEUTRAL LOCK" position
Forward and Reverse Motion:
Move throttle lever to the "FAST" position.
Release the parking brake.
Move both motion control levers from the "NEUTRAL
LOCK" position inward to the "NEUTRAL" position.
4. Push the control levers slowly forward to begin forward
motion.
To move reverse:
Pull both control levers slowly rearward at the same
time to begin reverse motion.
To stop:
Move by hand and hold both motion control levers to
the "NEUTRAL" position until the machine comes to a
stop.
C
1.
2.
3.
How to re-start on the slopes:
1. Firmly apply parking brake (enough to prevent
movement).
2. Start the engine.
3. Set the throttle lever to the middle position.
4. Place the control levers inward to the "NEUTRAL"
position gradually.
5. Release the parking brake within about 3 seconds.
If you take more time, the engine will suddenly stop
because of a safety device. (This is to prevent the
machine from being operated with the parking brake
applied.)
When the engine stops, start over by firmly reapplying
the parking brake, and repeat steps 2 through 5 and
then 6.
6. Move the machine slowly and carefully.
ENGLISH
OPERATING THE MACHINE
ENGLISH
26
OPERATING THE MACHINE
FORWARD:
A Push both motion control levers forward equally at the
same time. For travel forward in a straight line.
GENERAL RIGHT TURN:
A Push left motion control lever further forward than the
right motion control lever. For forward travel to the
right.
REVERSE:
A Pull both motion control levers past center rearward
equally at the same time. For rearward travel in a
straight line.
SHARP (ZERO) LEFT TURN:
A Push right motion control lever forward and pull left
motion control lever rearward at the same time.
GENERAL LEFT TURN:
A Push right motion control lever further forward than the
left motion control lever. For forward travel to the left.
SHARP (ZERO) RIGHT TURN:
A Push left motion control lever forward and pull right
motion control lever rearward at the same time.
FIXING FRONT AXLE
27
WORK LIGHT (OPTIONAL KIT)
To avoid personal injury:
A Park the machine on a firm and level surface.
A Stop the engine, remove the key and engage
the parking brake.
A rigid front axle is recommended for a more even cut
under mowing the rough terrain.
1. Open the front cover.
2. Remove two L-pins from their original position.
3. Insert L-pins into the holes on the front axle as shown
below.
(1) Work light
STOPPING
To avoid personal injury:
A Park the machine on level ground.
If necessary to park on an incline,
(1) Stop the machine,
(2) Apply the parking brake, then
(3) Stop the engine.
A If you stop the engine on an incline without
applying the parking brake, the machine could
move and run away.
(1) L-pin
4. Install the hairpins between the axle mount frame and
the front axle.
A The parking brake pedal is for parking and emergency
use only. If the parking brake is applied when the
motion control levers are not in "NEUTRAL LOCK"
position, the engine will stop within approximately 3
seconds. This feature is to prevent brake and
transmission damage during operation.
1. Move both motion control levers to the "NEUTRAL"
position to stop the machine.
2. Apply parking brake.
3. Move both motion control levers to "NEUTRAL LOCK"
position.
4. Throttle lever in slow position and shift PTO lever to
the "DISENGAGE" (OFF) position.
5. Lower all implements to the ground.
6. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
(1) L-pin
(2) Hairpin
OSCILLATING FRONT AXLE
For oscillating the front axle, reverse the above
procedures.
The oscillating front axle provides a smoother ride than
the rigid front axle and oscillates with the terrain.
ENGLISH
OPERATING THE MACHINE
ENGLISH
28
OPERATING THE MACHINE
PARKING
TO LOCK:
Depress the parking brake pedal firmly with your right
foot, and the parking brake lock pedal simultaneously
with your left foot. Then release the parking brake
pedal while handling the parking brake lock pedal
down.
TO UNLOCK:
Depress the brake pedal and release slowly with your
right foot, without pressing the parking brake lock
pedal.
To avoid personal injury:
Before leaving the operator's position,
A Apply parking brake.
A Lower all implements to the ground.
A Shut off the engine.
A Remove the key.
A Place the motion control levers
"NEUTRAL LOCK" position.
in
the
If necessary to park on an incline, be sure to chock the
wheels on the downhill side to prevent accidental rolling of
the machine.
(1) Chocks
TRANSPORTING
1. Transport the machine on a trailer.
A Turn the fuel valve to the "OFF" position.
A Fasten the machine to the trailer.
A To prevent the hood from opening by wind while in
transit, it is necessary to either load the machine
backward or use a suitable tie down for the hood.
2. Do not attempt to tow this machine, or damage to the
transmission may result.
29
OPERATING THE MOWER
MAKING THE MOST OF YOUR MOWER
1. When using your mower for the first time, choose a
smooth level area and cut in straight and slightly
overlapping strips.
2. The size and type of the area to be mowed will
determine the proper mowing pattern. Take into
account obstructions, such as trees, fences and
buildings. To keep grass clippings off fences,
sidewalks, etc., it is advisable to go over the outside of
the area to be mowed several times in a clockwise
direction. To mow the area remaining, work in a
counterclockwise direction so that the clippings are
dispersed onto the previously cut area.
3. Always keep the left side of the mower toward trees,
posts or other obstacles on the first trip around the
obstacle.
4. Most lawns should be mowed to keep the grass
approximately 50 to 80 mm (2 to 3 in.) high. Best
results are obtained by cutting often and not too short.
To keep a green lawn, never mow more than one third
of the height of the grass or a maximum of 25 mm (1
in.) in one mowing.
For extremely tall grass, set the cutting height at
maximum cutting height for the first mowing, then
reset to the desired height and mow again. Allow the
grass to grow to 8 cm (3 in.), then cut off only the top
inch.
5. For best appearance, grass should be cut in the
afternoon or evening when it is free of moisture.
ADJUSTING CUTTING HEIGHT
To avoid serious injury or death:
A Do not engage the mower in the transport
position.
1. Before adjusting cutting height, check that all tire
pressures are correct. If necessary adjust to the
correct tire pressure.
2. To set the cutting height, depress the hydraulic lift
control pedal (UP) to raise mower deck to the top
position. Adjust the cutting height control dial to
desired height.
Lower the mower deck by depressing the hydraulic lift
control pedal (DOWN).
Then the mower deck will be set to the cutting height.
3. Use the higher settings for mowing in a rough area or
when mowing tall grass. Lower settings should be
used only for smooth lawns where short grass is
desired.
(1) Cutting height control dial
(2) Hydraulic lift control pedal
4. Lower the mower deck by depressing the hydraulic lift
control pedal (DOWN). This lowers the mower deck
from
the
"TRANSPORT"
position
to
the
"OPERATING" position.
5. Adjust the anti-scalp rollers' height as recommended
below for normal operating condition. To minimize
gouging and roller damage or wear, the anti-scalp
rollers will maintain the ground clearance of 19 mm (3/
4 in.).
A Never allow roller to contact the ground continuously
as premature roller wear may develop if set
incorrectly.
A Anti-scalp rollers must maintain a minimum clearance
of 6 mm (1/4 in.) to the ground.
ENGLISH
OPERATING THE MOWER
OPERATING THE MOWER
ENGLISH
30
(1) Anti-scalp roller (Front, swivel type)
(2) Anti-scalp roller (Rear)
(1) Anti-scalp roller (Front, swivel type)
(2) Anti-scalp roller (Rear)
(1) Anti-scalp roller (Front)
(2) Anti-scalp roller (Rear)
Reference
A Set position for recommended ground clearance 19 mm (3/4 in.).
(Figure shows setting position of cutting height 3")
The number of collars under the
boss
Position of
pins
Cutting
height
Ground
clearance
1.00"
0
1
6 mm
1.25"
0
2
13 mm
1.50"
0
1
19 mm
1.75"
1
3
13 mm
2.00"
1
2
19 mm
2.25"
2
4
13 mm
2.50"
2
3
19 mm
2.75"
3
5
13 mm
3.00"
3
4
19 mm
3.25"
4
6
13 mm
3.50"
4
5 *2
19 mm
3.75"
4
7 *3
13 mm
4.00"
4
6 *3
19 mm
4.25"
4
7 *3
13 mm
4.50"
4
7 *3
19 mm
4.75"
4
7 *3
25 mm
5.00"
4
7 *3
31 mm
*1. Marked dimension shows ground clearance of bolt shift type.
*2. For cutting heights above 3.5". The anti-scalp rollers will still be effective against scalping.
*3. Use it if necessary.
A Only at cutting height 1" is ground clearance 6 mm.
31
ENGLISH
OPERATING THE MOWER
ENGLISH
32
OPERATING THE MOWER
OPERATING MOWER
BStarting
To avoid serious injury or death:
A Do not operate the mower without the
discharge deflector being in place properly.
To avoid personal injury:
A Clear the work area of objects which might be
picked up and thrown.
A Do not direct the opening of the deflector at
bystanders especially children or animals.
Ejected objects may cause injury. Plan your
mowing carefully before starting operations.
A Keep bystanders and animals away from the
mowing area.
A Be sure to disengage the PTO clutch of the
mower before attempting to start the engine.
BPTO Lever
To engage the PTO, move the PTO lever to the
"ENGAGED" (ON) position.
To avoid serious injury or death:
A Engine components can get extremely hot from
operation. To prevent severe burns, do not
touch these areas while the engine is running,
or immediately after it is turned off.
Never operate the engine without heat shields
or guards.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Sit on the operator's seat.
Start the engine.
Engage the PTO lever.
Disengage the parking brake.
Speed up the engine by moving the throttle lever
forward.
6. Push or pull the motion control levers to move forward
or backward.
A Never attempt to move the machine with the parking
brake "ON".
A Keep the engine running at full throttle for best results.
Control travel speed with the motion control levers.
A During heavy duty use, operate the machine at a
slower ground speed or go over the area twice.
A Keep the mower deck in the raised position when the
mower is disengaged.
A The mower will not cut cleanly if the ground speed is
too high or if the blade speed drops due to an
overload.
A To prevent the engine from overheating, keep the
radiator and radiator screen clean.
(1) PTO lever
"ENGAGED" (ON)
"DISENGAGED" (OFF)
1. If you get off the seat while the PTO is running, the
engine will stop automatically. (Operator presence
control)
2. Before starting the engine, pull the PTO lever to the
"DISENGAGED" (OFF) position. If it is at the
"ENGAGED" (ON) position, the engine will not start.
A These safety features are built-in.
33
ENGLISH
TIRES AND WHEELS
TIRES AND WHEELS
TIRES
To avoid personal injury:
A Do not attempt to mount a tire. This should be
done by a qualified person with the proper
equipment.
A Always maintain the correct tire pressure.
Do not inflate tires above the recommended
pressure shown in the Operator's Manual.
A Inflation pressure in front tires rises quickly
when using compressed air.
Never operate machine with a loose rim, wheel, or
axle.
A Whenever bolts are loosened, retighten to
specified torque.
A Check all bolts frequently and keep them
tightened.
BInflation Pressure
(1) Ground
WHEELS
(A) "INSUFFICIENT"
(B) "NORMAL"
(C) "EXCESSIVE"
A When re-fitting a wheel, tighten the wheel bolt to the
following torques then recheck after traveling 200 m
(200 yards) changing directions several times.
Though the inflation pressure is factory-set to the
prescribed level, it naturally drops slowly in the course of
time. Thus, check it everyday and inflate as necessary.
Front
Rear
Tire sizes
Recommended Inflation
Pressure
15 x 6.0 - 6,
(Semi-pneumatic
Non Flat Tire) Rib
---
15 x 6.0 - 6,
4PR Rib
160 kPa
(1.6 kgf/cm , 23psi)
26 x 10.5 - 12,
4PR Turf
26 x 12.0 - 12,
4PR Turf
120 kPa
(1.2 kgf/cm , 17psi)
Wheels with beveled or tapered holes:
Use the tapered wheel bolt.
ENGLISH
34
TIRES AND WHEELS
BRemove and Install Front Caster Wheels
C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Removing
Park the machine on a firm and level surface.
Stop the engine and apply parking brake.
Lift the front of machine with a safe lifting device.
Remove the lock nut with nylon sleeve and wheel bolt.
Remove the wheel from assembly yoke.
C
1.
2.
3.
Installing
Install the replacement wheel.
Install the wheel bolt and lock nut with nylon sleeve.
Install the nut.
A Insert the wheel bolt from the outside of the yoke.
A Tighten the nut gradually until wheel bearing play is
eliminated and wheel turns freely by hand.
Reference
Tightening torque
4. Lower machine.
(1) Lock nut
(2) Wheel bolt
(3) Yoke
20 to 25 N-m
(14.8 to 18.4 ft-lbs)
(2 to 2.5 kgf-m)
35
ENGLISH
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
SERVICE INTERVALS
The following servicing tasks should be carried out on the machine at the stated running-time intervals.
Indication hour meter (Hr)
No.
Items
50
1
Engine oil
Change
2
Engine oil
filter
Transmission
fluid and
Rear axle
gear case
(RH & LH)
fluid
Replace
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
After
since
every
200Hr
every
200Hr
Ref.
Page
58
58
Change
every
400Hr
61
Replace
every
200Hr
60
Hydraulic oil
filter
Motion
control lever
pivot
Replace
every
400Hr
62
Adjust
every
200Hr
60
7
Front axle
pivot
Adjust
8
Safety device
Check
9
Mower gear
box oil
3
4
5
6
HST
transmission
oil filter
Check
Change
10
Greasing
(without
mower)
11
Throttle
Cable
Oil
Air cleaner
primary
element
Clean
12
Secondary
element
13
Fuel filter
element
-
Replace
Replace
Check
Replace
Check
14
Fuel line
Replace
15
Fan belt
Adjust
every
200Hr
every
50Hr
every
50Hr
every
150Hr
every
50Hr
every
50Hr
every
100Hr
every
1 year
every
1 year
every
100Hr
every
400Hr
every
100Hr
every
2 years
every
100Hr
61
49
50
57
51
52
53
*1
63
@
63
53
@
63
*2
53
@
66
54
*2
ENGLISH
36
MAINTENANCE
Indication hour meter (Hr)
No.
Items
16
Parking
brake
Battery
condition
Adjust
Radiator
hose and
clamp
Check
17
18
19
Hydraulic
hose
50
Check
Replace
Check
Replace
Check
20
Intake air line
Replace
21
Fuel injection
nozzle
injection
pressure
Check
22
Injection
pump
Check
23
Radiator
Clean
24
Coolant
Change
25
Replace
26
Mower gear
box oil seal
Fuel system
27
Fuse
Replace
28
Blade
Replace
29
Mower belt
Replace
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
After
since
every
100Hr
every
100Hr
every
200Hr
every
2 years
every
200Hr
every
2 years
every
200Hr
every
2 years
every
1500Hr
every
3000Hr
every
1 year
every
1 year
every
2 years
Bleed
Ref.
Page
54
*2
56
59
66
*2
59
66
*2
61
@
66
*4
63
*3
@
63
*3
@
64
64
66
*2
69
Service
as
required
66
67
69
A The jobs indicated by
must be done initially.
*1 This maintenance should be done daily more often in dusty condition than in normal conditions.
Suggested cleaning interval is every 100 hours in normal conditions.
*2 These items should be serviced by an authorized KUBOTA Dealer, unless the owner has the proper tools
and is mechanically proficient.
*3 Consult your local KUBOTA Dealer for this service.
*4 Replace only if necessary.
A The items listed above (@ marked) are registered as emission related critical parts by KUBOTA in the U.S.EPA
non-road emission regulation. As the engine owner, you are responsible for the performance of the required
maintenance on the engine according to the above instruction.
Please see the Warranty Statement in detail.
PERIODIC SERVICE CHART LABEL
(1) Part No. K3181-6552-3 (ENGLISH)
37
ENGLISH
MAINTENANCE
(2) Part No. K3181-6553-3 (SPANISH)
ENGLISH
38
MAINTENANCE
LUBRICANTS
Place
Fuel
Coolant
Recovery tank
Engine crankcase
Transmission case
with filter & hose
Rear axle gear case
(RH &LH)
Mower gear box
Greasing
Capacities
ZD321 [N]
ZD326P [S]
No.2-D diesel fuel
No.1-D diesel fuel if temperature is below
-10 (14 )
49 L (12.9 U.S. gals.)
2.7 L (2.85
U.S.qts.)
Lubricants
ZD331P [LP]
3.5 L (3.70 U.S.qts.)
Fresh clean water with anti-freeze
0.25 L (0.26 U.S.qts.)
3.5 L (3.70
U.S.qts.)*
3.9 L (4.1
U.S.qts.)*
5.7 L (6.0
U.S.qts.)*
Engine oil: API service
Classification CF or better
Above 25 ...SAE30, SAE10W-30 or 15W-40
(77 )
0 to 25 .........SAE20, SAE10W-30 or 15W-40
(32 to 77 )
Below 0 ........SAE10W, SAE10W-30 or 15W-40
(32 )
12.1 L (12.8 U.S.qts.)
KUBOTA UDT or SUPER UDT fluid*1
0.4 L (0.4 U.S.qts.)
SAE90 gear oil
(API service classification: more than GL-3)
No. of greasing points
Motion control lever
pivot bushing, and
contact position
6
King Pin
2
Center Pin
1
Front wheel
2
Front lift arm
2
Universal joint
3
Seat adjuster
2
Cable (throttle)
2
[MOWER]
Universal joint
3
Three spindle shafts
3
Belt tension pulley
1
Belt tension pivot
1
Front anti scalp roller
2
Front anti scalp roller
pivot boss
2
Capacity
Type of grease
Until grease
overflows
Multipurpose Grease
NLGI-2 OR
NLGI-1 (GC-LB).
Moderate amount
Oil
Until grease
overflows
Multipurpose Grease
NLGI-2 OR
NLGI-1 (GC-LB).
Note * Oil amount when the oil level is at the upper level of the oil level gauge.
A To prevent serious damage to hydraulic systems, use only KUBOTA genuine fluid or its equivalent.
39
A Engine Oil:
A Oil used in the engine should have an American Petroleum Institute (API) service classification and Proper SAE
Engine Oil according to the ambient temperatures as shown above:
A With the emission control now in effect, the CF-4 and CG-4 lubricating oils have been developed for use of a lowsulfur fuel on on-road vehicle engines. When an off-road vehicle engine runs on a high-sulfur fuel, it is advisable to
employ the "CF or better" lubricating oil with a high Total Base Number (TBN). If the "CF-4, CG-4, CH-4 or CI-4"
lubricating oil is used with a high-sulfur fuel, change the lubricating oil at shorter intervals. (approximately
half)
A Lubricating oil recommended when a low-sulfur or high-sulfur fuel is employed.
: Recommendable
Lubricating oil class
X : Not Recommendable
Fuel
Low-sulfur
High-sulfur
CF
Remark
TBN
CF-4
X
CG-4
X
CH-4
X
CI-4
X
10
: Class CF-4, CG-4 and CH-4 engine oils cannot be used on EGR (Exhaust Gas Re-circulation) type engines.
A The CJ-4 engine oil is intended for DPF (Diesel Particulate Filter) type engines, and cannot be used on this
machine.
A Transmission oil:
The oil used to lubricate the transmission is also used as hydraulic fluid. To insure proper operation of the hydraulic
system and to complete lubrication of the transmission, it is important that a multi-grade transmission fluid is used in
this system. We recommend the use of KUBOTA UDT or SUPER UDT fluid for optimum protection and performance.
(Consult your local KUBOTA Dealer for further detail.)
Do not mix different brands together.
A Indicated capacities of water and oil are manufacturer's estimate.
ENGLISH
MAINTENANCE
ENGLISH
40
PERIODIC SERVICE
PERIODIC SERVICE
HOW TO OPEN THE HOOD, FRONT
COVER & STEP
BFront Cover
To open the front cover, pull the bottom edge of the front
cover.
To avoid personal injury from contact with moving
parts:
A Never open the hood while the engine is
running.
A Never open the step while the engine is
running.
A Do not touch muffler or exhaust pipes while
they are hot; Severe burns could result.
BHood
To open the hood, pull the latch lever frontward.
(1) Front cover
BStep
To open the step, pull the grip.
(1) Latch lever
(2) Hood
(A) "RELEASE"
(1) Step
(2) Grip
(1) Hood
(A) "PULL"
HOW TO RAISE THE OPERATOR'S SEAT
41
C Lower
C Raise
To avoid personal injury:
A Fully raise the operator's seat.
(To the locked position)
Do not keep the seat halfway.
1. Seat must be all the way back before raising.
2. Pull the latch lever on the seat panel frontward.
(1) Latch lever
(A) "PULL"
3. Raise the operator's seat to the "LOCK" position.
(1) Operator's seat
(2) Seat support rod
To avoid personal injury:
A Do not drop the seat to close it.
A Watch your hands. Do not place your hands
under the seat, when closing.
1. Pull up the seat support rod and release the "LOCK".
2. Lower the seat slowly to lock.
3. Slide the seat to proper position.
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
42
PERIODIC SERVICE
HOW TO TILT UP THE MACHINE
6. Insert L-pins to both sides of the front axle to position
the front wheels. As shown below.
To avoid personal injury or death:
A Park the machine on a firm and level surface.
A Set the mower deck height to 5 inch.
A Stop the engine, remove the key and engage
the parking brake.
A Be sure to chock the wheels.
A Lock the raised axle with an L-pin and Hairpin
cotter before working under the machine.
1. Lower the forward right anti-scalp roller to the lowest
position. [RCK72, RCK60 only]
2. Fully open the front cover.
3. Unfold the tilt lever.
(1) L-pin
(2) Tilt lever
7. Turn the tilt lever clockwise to raise the axle to the
stop.
8. Remove the L-pin of the raised wheel and insert it to
the outside hole of the frame.
9. Insert the hairpin cotter.
(1) Front cover
(2) Tilt lever
4. Keep the front cover opened.
5. Remove two L-lips.
(1) L-pin
(2) Hairpin cotter
C Return to the normal position.
Reverse to the above procedure.
A To ensure equal oscillation of the axle and prevent
loss of parts.
Be sure the clevis pin returns to the center position of
the front axle arm slot.
And be sure to install removed parts.
43
HOW TO OPEN THE LEVER GUIDE
To avoid personal injury:
A Park the machine on a firm and level surface.
A Stop the engine, remove the key and apply the
parking brake.
1. Remove the screw of the lever guide.
2. Pull up the lever guide.
How to install the lever guide.
1. Install the lever guide.
2. Tighten the screw.
A If the lever guide is out of alignment with the motion
lever, move the lever guide to align it with the motion
lever.
(1) Clevis pin
(2) Slot
(3) Tilt lever
(1) Lever guide
(2) Screw
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
44
PERIODIC SERVICE
LIFT-UP POINT
To avoid personal injury, death or machine
damage:
A Do not work under the machine unless it is
secured by safe stands or suitable blocking.
BFront side:
Hoist the front axle support with nylon sling. Or jack up the
front axle support.
Never lift up the mower deck.
DAILY CHECK
To prevent trouble from occurring, it is important to know
the condition of the machine. Check it before starting.
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to check and service the machine on a
level surface with the engine shut off, the key
removed and the parking brake securely set or
chock the rear wheels.
No.
Walking
around the
machine
Check item
Ref.
Page
1
Tire pressure, wear and
damage
2
Oil and water leak
3
Engine oil level
45
4
Transmission fluid level
48
5
Coolant level in the radiator
and the recovery tank
48
6
Damage of machine body,
tightness of all bolts and
nuts
-
7
Radiator screen
46
8
Bonnet screen
46
9
Brake play
54
BRear side:
10
Oiling
52
Hoist the rear frame with nylon slings. Or jack up the
bottom plate.
Never lift up the engine oil pan or battery support.
11
Fuel level
46
12
Air cleaner primary element
53
1
Oil leak
50
2
Make sure blade cap
screws are tight
67
3
Blades wear or damage
67
4
Check all hardware.
-
5
Make sure all pins are in
place
-
6
Mower deck cleaning
-
7
Greasing
A Universal joint
A Three spindle shafts
A Belt tension pulley
A Belt tension pivot
A Front anti-scalp roller
A Front anti-scalp roller
bracket boss
(1) Front axle support
(2) Nylon sling
(3) Jack
Mower
(1) Rear frame
(2) Nylon sling
(3) Bottom plate
(4) Jack
33
47
-
49
No.
While sitting
in the
operator's
seat
Turning the
key switch
"ON"
Starting the
engine
Others
Check item
Ref.
Page
1
Motion control lever
-
2
Parking brake
-
1
Performance of the Easy
Checker (TM) light
1
Color of the exhaust fumes
-
2
Safety start switch, seat
safety control and other
safety devices.
If either of these do not
operate properly, contact
your local KUBOTA Dealer
immediately.
49
3
Check for abnormal noise
and vibration.
-
1
Check the areas where
previous trouble was
experienced.
-
14
45
BChecking Engine Oil Level
To avoid personal injury:
A Always stop the engine and remove the key before
checking oil.
1. Check engine oil before starting and 5 minutes or more
after the engine has stopped.
2. Wipe dipstick area clean.
3. To check the oil level, remove the dipstick, wipe it
clean, replace it, and draw it out again. Check to see
that the oil level is between the two notches.
4. Add new oil to the prescribed level at the oil port if
necessary.
(1) Engine oil port
(2) Oil level dipstick
(A) "UPPER LEVEL"
(B) "LOWER LEVEL"
5. When using a different brand or viscosity oil from the
previous one, remove all of the old oil and oil filter.
Never mix two different types of oil.
6. Use the proper Engine Oil SAE according to the
ambient temperatures. (See "LUBRICANTS" in
"MAINTENANCE" section.)
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
46
PERIODIC SERVICE
BChecking Amount of Fuel and Refueling
To avoid personal injury:
A Handle fuel carefully. If the engine is running,
do not fill the fuel tank. If engine is hot, let
engine cool several minutes before adding fuel.
Do not smoke while filling the fuel tank or
servicing the fuel system. Fill fuel tank only to
bottom of filler neck.
Distillation
Temperature
s
( )
90% Point
Viscosity
Kinematic
cSt or
mm /s
at 40
Viscosity
saybolt,
SUS
at 100
Sulf
ur,
weig
ht
%
Copp
Ceta
er
ne
strip
Num
Corro
ber
sion
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
Max
Max
Min
282
(540)
338
(640)
1.9
4.1
32.6
40.1
0.50
No.3
40
BChecking and Cleaning Radiator Screen
and Bonnet Screen to Prevent
Overheating
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key
before cleaning.
A The air intake area must be clear of debris to prevent
the engine from overheating.
Check the fuel level. Take care that the fuel tank does not
become empty.
Fuel tank capacity
49L (12.9 U.S.gals.)
A Use Diesel Fuel Only
1. Use No.2 diesel fuel.
2. Use No.1 diesel fuel if the temperature is below
-10 (14 ).
3. Always use a strainer when refueling to prevent fuel
injection pump contamination.
A No.2-D is a distillate fuel of lower volatility for engines
in industrial and heavy mobile service.
(SAE J313 JUN87)
Grade of Diesel Fuel Oil according to ASTM D975.
Flash point
( )
Water and
Sediment,
volume
%
Carbon
Residue on,
10 percent
Residuum,
%
Ash, weight
%
Min
Max
Max
Max
52 (125)
0.05
0.35
0.01
Daily or after every 5 hours of operation, check to be sure
the radiator screen and the bonnet screen are clean.
Dirt or chaff on the radiator screen or bonnet screen
decrease cooling performance.
1. Remove the radiator screen and the bonnet screen,
and remove all foreign material.
2. Remove the dust from between the fins and the tube.
3. Tighten the fan drive belt as necessary. For this, refer
to "EVERY 100 HOURS" in "PERIODIC SERVICE"
section.
4. If the scale forms in the tube, clean with the scale
inhibitor or its equivalent.
5. Each time the bonnet screen is covered with grass
during operation, rub it off the screen with the hand.
Check the radiator screen from time to time if grass
accumulates.
6. If the dust or chaff has accumulated inside of the
bonnet, remove the radiator screen and clean inside
completely.
After cleaning, replace the radiator screens properly.
47
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
BChecking Tire Pressure
To avoid personal injury:
A Do not attempt to mount a tire on a rim. This
should be done by a qualified person with the
proper equipment.
A Always maintain the correct tire pressure.
Inflation pressure in front tires rises quickly
when using compressed air.
Do not inflate tires above the recommended
pressure shown in the Operator's Manual.
(1) Radiator screen
A Do not use tires larger than specified.
BInflation Pressure
Though the inflation pressure is factory-set to the
prescribed level, it naturally drops slowly in the course of
time. Thus, check it and inflate as necessary.
Front
Tire sizes
Recommended Inflation
Pressure
15 x 6.0 - 6,
(Semi-pneumatic
Non Flat Tire) Rib
---
15 x 6.0 - 6,
4PR Rib
160 kPa
(1.6 kgf/cm , 23psi)
(1) Bonnet screen
Rear
(1) Ground
26 x 10.5 - 12,
4PR Turf
26 x 12.0 - 12,
4PR Turf
120 kPa
(1.2 kgf/cm , 17psi)
(A) "INSUFFICIENT"
(B) "NORMAL"
(C) "EXCESSIVE"
ENGLISH
48
PERIODIC SERVICE
BChecking Transmission Fluid Level
1. Park the machine on a flat surface, lower the
implement to the ground and shut off the engine and
remove the key.
Allow the machine to idle for 1-3 minutes, and then
check fluid.
2. Raise and lock the operator's seat.
3. To check the oil level, draw out the dipstick, wipe it
clean, replace it, and draw it out again. Check to see
that the oil level lies between the two notches.
If the level is too low, add the new oil to the prescribed
level at the oil inlet.
(See "LUBRICANTS" in "MAINTENANCE" section.)
(1) Oil level dipstick
(2) Oil plug and breather cup
BChecking Coolant Level
To avoid personal injury:
A Do not remove the radiator cap when the
engine is hot. Then loosen cap slightly to the
stop to relieve any excess pressure before
removing cap completely.
Check the coolant level daily both the radiator and the
recovery tank before starting engine.
1. Remove the radiator cap and check to see that the
coolant level is just below the fill port.
2. Check to see that the coolant level is between the
"FULL" and "LOW" marks of recovery tank.
3. When the coolant level drops due to evaporation, add
water only up to just below the fill port of the radiator
and the full level of the recovery tank.
In case of leakage, add anti-freeze and water in the
specified mixing ratio up to the full level.
(See "Flush Cooling System and Changing Coolant" in
"EVERY 1 YEAR" in "PERIODIC SERVICE" section.)
(A) Oil level is acceptable
within this range.
A If oil level is low, do not run engine.
(1) Recovery tank
(2) Radiator cap
(A) "FULL"
(B) "LOW"
A If the radiator cap has to be removed, follow the
caution above and securely retighten the cap.
A Use clean, distilled water and anti-freeze to fill the
radiator and the recovery tank.
A If water should leak, consult your local KUBOTA
Dealer.
BLubricating All Grease Nipples
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key
before greasing.
49
EVERY 50 HOURS
BSafety Devices
The Safety Devices in your machine are designed to
protect you while operating. Please check these Safety
Devices periodically - daily is best - to test function of the
Safety Devices before operation.
Grease the following location.
To avoid personal injury:
A Do not allow anyone near the machine while
testing.
A If the machine does not pass one of the
following tests, do not operate the machine.
See your local KUBOTA Dealer.
A Sit on operator's seat for all tests except for
Test 1.
(1) Mower universal joint
A Check the following tests before operating the
machine.
C Check the safety switches
Test 1 (OPERATOR NOT ON THE SEAT)
1. Securely set the parking brake.
2. Shift the PTO lever to "DISENGAGE" (OFF) position.
3. Set the motion control levers to the "NEUTRAL LOCK"
position.
4. Turn the key switch to "START" position.
5. The engine must not crank.
Test 2 (OPERATOR ON THE SEAT)
1. Do not set the parking brake. (release it from test 1)
2. Shift the PTO lever to "DISENGAGE" (OFF) position.
3. Set the motion control levers to the "NEUTRAL LOCK"
position.
4. Turn the key switch to "START" position.
5. The engine must not crank.
Test 3 (OPERATOR ON THE SEAT)
1. Securely set the parking brake.
2. Shift the PTO lever to "DISENGAGE" (OFF) position.
3. Grasp the motion control levers and move then inward
from "NEUTRAL LOCK" position to "NEUTRAL"
position and then release the levers.
4. Turn the key switch to "START" position.
5. The engine must not crank.
(1) Spindle shaft
(2) Belt tension pulley
(3) Belt tension pivot
(4) Front side anti-scalp roller bracket
(5) Front side anti-scalp roller
Test 4 (OPERATOR ON THE SEAT)
1. Securely set the parking brake.
2. Shift the PTO lever to "ENGAGE" (ON) position.
3. Set the motion control levers to the "NEUTRAL LOCK"
position.
4. Turn the key switch to "START" position.
5. The engine must not crank.
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
50
PERIODIC SERVICE
Test 5 (OPERATOR ON THE SEAT)
1. Start the engine.
2. Keep the parking brake securely set.
3. Shift the PTO lever to "DISENGAGE" (OFF) position.
4. Grasp the motion control levers and move then inward
from "NEUTRAL LOCK" position to "NEUTRAL"
position and then release the levers.
5. The engine must shut off after a short time delay.
A For this test only, the engine will shut off in a few
seconds.
Test 6 (OPERATOR ON THE SEAT)
1. Start the engine.
2. Do not set the parking brake.
3. Shift the PTO lever to "DISENGAGE" (OFF) position.
4. Grasp the motion control levers and move then inward
from "NEUTRAL LOCK" position to "NEUTRAL"
position and then release the levers.
5. Stand up. (Do not get off the machine.)
6. The engine must shut off.
BChecking Gear Box Oil Level
To avoid personal injury:
A Always stop the engine and remove the key
before checking oil.
1. Park the machine on a flat surface and lower the
mower to the ground.
To check the oil level, loosen check plug bolt and
check to see that the oil level is just below the check
plug port.
If the level is too low, add new oil to the prescribed
level at the oil inlet.
(See "LUBRICANTS" in "MAINTENANCE" section.)
Test 7 (OPERATOR ON THE SEAT)
1. Start the engine.
2. Do not set the parking brake.
3. Shift the PTO lever to "ENGAGE" (ON) position.
4. Stand up. (Do not get off the machine.)
5. The engine must shut off.
A If the engine cranks Test 1 through 4, consult your
local KUBOTA Dealer to have the unit checked before
operation.
(1) Parking brake lock pedal
(2) Motion control lever
(3) Key switch
(4) PTO lever
(1) Drain plug (Bolt)
(2) Check plug (Bolt)
(3) Oil filler plug
BGreasing
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key
before greasing.
Grease the following location.
(1) Motion control lever contact position (LH, RH)
(1) King pin (LH, RH)
(2) Center pin
51
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
(3) Front wheel (LH, RH)
(1) Motion control lever pivot bushing (LH, RH)
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
52
(1) Seat adjuster
BOiling
(1) Throttle cable (Oil)
(1) Machine universal joint
(1) Throttle cable (Oil)
EVERY 100 HOURS
BCleaning Air Cleaner Primary Element
1. Remove the air cleaner cover and primary element.
2. Clean the primary element:
A When dry dust adheres to the element, blow
compressed air from the inside, turning the
element. Pressure of compressed air must be
under 205kPa (2.1kgf/cm , 30 psi).
3. Replace air cleaner primary element:
Once yearly or after every sixth cleaning, whichever
comes first.
A Check to see if the evacuator valve is blocked with
dust.
53
BChecking Fuel Lines and Fuel Filter
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key
when attempting to make the following checks
and changes.
A Never fail to check the fuel lines periodically.
The fuel lines are subject to wear and aging.
Fuel may leak out onto the running engine,
causing a fire.
The fuel line connections should be checked annually or
every 100 service hours, whichever comes first.
1. The fuel line is made of rubber and ages regardless of
service period.
2. If the fuel line and clamps are found damaged or
deteriorated, replace them.
3. Check fuel filter, if it is clogged by debris or
contaminated with water, replace it.
A When the fuel line is disconnected for maintenance or
repair, close both ends of the fuel line with a piece of
clean cloth or paper to prevent dust and dirt from
entering. In addition, particular care must be taken not
to admit dust and dirt into the fuel pump. Entrance of
even a small amount dust or dirt cause premature
wear and malfunction of the fuel pump and injector
components.
(1) Secondary element
(2) Primary element
(3) Cover
(4) Evacuator valve
A The air cleaner uses a dry element, never apply oil.
A Do not run the engine with filter element removed.
A Operating in dusty conditions requires more frequent
maintenance.
A Align the arrow marks when reinstalling the air cleaner
cover.
A Do not touch the secondary element except in cases
where replacing is required.
(See "Replacing Air Cleaner Primary Element and
Secondary Element" in "EVERY 1 YEAR" in
"PERIODIC SERVICE" section.)
C Evacuator Valve
Open the evacuator valve once a week under ordinary
conditions - or daily when used in a dusty place - to get rid
of large particles of dust and dirt.
(1) Pipe clamps
(2) Fuel line
(3) Fuel filter
(4) Fuel pump
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
54
BAdjusting Parking Brake
To avoid personal injury:
A Park the machine on a firm and level surface.
A Stop the engine and chock the wheels before
checking or adjusting.
A Wrong adjustment may cause machine damage.
(1)
Check brake spring
1. Place the motion control levers to the "NEUTRAL
LOCK" position.
2. Be sure to chock the rear wheels.
3. Apply the parking brake to the lock position.
4. Check the length of the brake springs on both sides.
(1) Pipe clamps
(2) Fuel line
(3) Fuel filter
(4) Fuel pump
BAdjusting Fan Drive Belt Tension
(A): Proper brake spring length
with the brake applied to the
lock position
115 to 117 mm
(4.53 to 4.61 in.)
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key
before checking belt tension.
If the fan drive belt becomes loose, the engine may
overheat. To adjust, loosen bolts and move the alternator
outward to tighten the belt. After adjustment, securely
tighten the bolts.
Moderate belt tension:
The belt should deflect approx. 10 mm (0.4 in.) when the
center of the belt is depressed with finger pressure of 98N
(10kgf, 22 lbs).
(A) "Parking brake spring length"
5. Release the parking brake completely.
6. Hold the brake rod lightly.
7. Check the brake spring play.
(B): Proper brake
spring play
(1) Tension bolt
(2) Alternator
(3) Adjusting bolt
(A) 10 mm (0.4 in.)
The spring must have play.
Reference: 0.5 to 1.0 mm
(0.02 to 0.04 in.)
55
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
(1) Brake rod
(A) "Hold the brake rod"
(B) "Parking brake spring play"
8. If these dimensions are not correct, adjust them.
C Adjustment of brake spring play
1. Place the motion control lever to the "NEUTRAL
LOCK" position.
2. Be sure to chock the rear wheels.
3. Release the parking brake completely.
4. Loosen the lock nuts.
5. Hold the brake rod by hand.
6. Tighten the nut to the correct space between the end
of the spring and the nut.
7. Lock the nuts.
8. Adjust the other side spring to the same dimension.
C Adjustment of brake length
1. Place the motion control lever to the "NEUTRAL
LOCK" position.
2. Apply the parking brake to the lock position.
3. Loosen the lock nuts.
4. Adjust the spring length to the recommendation.
5. Lock the nuts.
6. Check the brake spring play to the recommendation.
If there is no play, adjust the brake spring play again.
7. Adjust the other side spring to the same dimension.
(2)
Check on the slope
1. Place the machine on a 17 ramp.
2. Apply the parking brake.
3. Place the motion control levers in "NEUTRAL LOCK"
position and shut off the engine.
4. Check that the machine does not move.
(A) 17 ramp
A For parking brake test purposes, only use 17 ramp.
ENGLISH
56
PERIODIC SERVICE
C Battery Charging
BBattery Condition
To avoid the possibility of battery explosion:
For the refillable type battery, follow the
instructions below.
A Do not use or charge the refillable type battery
if the fluid level is below the LOWER (lower limit
level) mark.
Otherwise, the battery component parts may
prematurely deteriorate, which may shorten the
battery's service life or cause an explosion.
Check the fluid level regularly and add distilled
water as required so that the fluid level is
between the UPPER and LOWER levels.
To avoid personal injury:
A Never remove the vent cap while the engine is
running.
A Keep electrolyte away from eyes, hands and
clothes. If you are spattered with it, wash it
away completely with water immediately and
get medical attention.
A Wear eye protection and rubber gloves when
working around battery.
To avoid serious injury or death:
A When the battery is being activated, hydrogen
and oxygen gases in the battery are extremely
explosive. Keep open sparks and flames away
from the battery at all times, especially when
charging the battery.
To avoid personal injury:
A When charging battery, ensure that the vent
caps are securely in place (if equipped).
A When disconnecting the cables from the
battery, start with the negative terminal first.
When connecting the cables to the battery,
start with the positive terminal first.
A Never check battery charge by placing a metal
object across the posts.
Use a voltmeter or hydrometer.
(For accessible maintainable type batteries with
removable vent caps.)
1. Make sure each electrolyte level is at the bottom of
vent wells, if necessary add distilled water in a wellventilated area.
Mishandling the battery shortens the service life and adds
to maintenance costs.
The original battery is a maintenance-free, nonaccessible type battery.
If the battery is weak, the engine will be difficult to start
and the lights will become dim. It is important to check the
battery periodically.
(1) Vent well
(2) Separator
(3) Electrolyte
(1) Battery
(2) Ground cable
(+): Positive terminal
(-): Negative terminal
(A) "HIGHEST LEVEL"
(B) "LOWEST LEVEL"
2. The water in the electrolyte evaporates during
recharging. Liquid shortage damages the battery.
Excessive liquid spills over and damages the machine
body.
3. To slow charge the battery, connect the battery
positive terminal to the charger positive terminal and
the negative to the negative, then recharge in the
standard fashion.
4. A boost charge is only for emergencies. It will partially
charge the battery at a higher rate and in a short time.
When using a boost-charged battery, it is necessary to
recharge the battery as soon as possible.
Failure to do this will shorten the battery's service life.
5. When the specific gravity of electrolyte reaches 1.271.29 charge has completed.
6. When exchanging an old battery with new one, use a
battery of equal specification shown in.
Battery type
Volts
(V)
Reserve
capacity
(min)
Cold
cranking
Amps
51R
12
70
450
(For non-accessible maintenance-free type batteries.)
Maintenance-free, non-accessible batteries are designed
to eliminate the need to add water. Yet the volume of
electrolyte above plates may eventually become depleted
due to abnormal conditions such as high heat or improper
regulator setting. Use a voltmeter to check the state of
charge. (See reference chart below to determine if
charging is necessary.)
Battery voltage
Reference state of charge
12.6
100% (Full charge)
12.4
75%
12.2
50%
12.0
25%
11.8
0%
57
EVERY 150 HOURS
BChanging Gear Box Oil
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key
before changing the oil.
1. To drain the used oil, remove the drain plug and filler
plug at the gear box and drain the oil completely into
the oil pan.
2. After draining reinstall the drain plug.
3. Remove the oil level check plug.
4. Fill with the new oil up to the check plug port.
(See "LUBRICANTS" in "MAINTENANCE" section.)
5. After filling reinstall the check and filler plugs.
(1) Drain plug (Bolt)
(2) Check plug (Bolt)
(3) Oil filler plug
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
58
PERIODIC SERVICE
EVERY 200 HOURS
BChanging Engine Oil
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key
before changing the oil.
A Allow engine to cool down sufficiently; oil can
be hot and may cause burns.
1. To change the used oil, remove the drain plug at the
bottom of the engine and drain the oil completely. The
used oil can be drained out more easily if the engine is
warm.
2. Fill with the new oil up to the upper notch on the
dipstick.
BReplacing Engine Oil Filter Cartridge
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key
before changing the oil and the oil filter
cartridge.
A Allow engine to cool down sufficiently; oil can
be hot and may cause burns.
1. The oil filter cartridge must be changed every 200
service hours.
2. Apply a slight coat of oil onto the rubber gasket of new
cartridge.
3. Tighten the filter quickly until it contacts the mounting
surface. Tighten filter by hand an additional 1/2 turn
only.
4. After the new cartridge has been replaced, the engine
oil level normally lowers a little. Add engine oil to
proper level. Check for oil leaks around filter gasket.
A To prevent serious damage to the engine,
replacement element of the recommended type must
be used. Use only a genuine KUBOTA filter or its
equivalent.
(1) Drain plug
(1) Engine oil filter cartridge
(1) Drain plug
3. To check the oil level. Remove the dipstick, wipe it
clean, insert it and draw it out again. Check to see that
the oil level is between the two marks.
BChecking Radiator Hose and Clamp
Check to see if radiator hoses are properly fixed every 200
hours of operation or six months, whichever comes first.
1. If hose clamps are loose or water leaks, tighten clamps
securely.
2. Replace hoses and tighten hose clamps securely, if
radiator hoses are swollen, hardened or cracked.
59
BChecking Hydraulic Hose
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key
before checking and replacing the hydraulic
hose.
A Allow the transmission case to cool down
sufficiently; oil can be hot and may cause
burns.
Check to see if hydraulic hoses are properly fixed every
200 hours of operation.
1. Check to see that all lines and hose clamps are tight
and not damaged.
2. If hoses and clamps are found worn or damaged,
replace or repair them at once.
(1) Radiator core
(2) Radiator hose
(1) Mower lift cylinder hose
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
60
PERIODIC SERVICE
BReplacing HST Transmission Oil Filter
Cartridge
A To prevent serious damage or premature failure to the
hydraulic system, use only a KUBOTA genuine filter.
BAdjusting the Motion Control Lever Pivot
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key
before changing the oil filter cartridge.
A Allow transmission case to cool down
sufficiently; oil can be hot and may cause
burns.
1. The oil filter cartridge must be changed every 200
service hours.
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and set the parking
brake to "ON" before checking.
Proper lever free travel
2 to 15 mm (0.08 to 0.59 in.)
on the lever
1. Set the motion control lever in "NEUTRAL" position.
2. Slightly move the lever back and forth and measure
the free travel at the top of lever stroke.
3. If the proper free travel limits are exceeded, remove
the fender and retighten the nut to specified torque.
A If the motion control lever pivot bolt is maladjusted,
motion control may be difficult.
(1) Oil filter cartridge
(1) Motion control lever
(2) Bolt, Nut
(A) "FREE TRAVEL"
(1) Oil filter cartridge
2. Place an oil pan underneath the oil filter cartridge. (Do
not drain oil.)
3. Remove the oil filter cartridge by using the filter
wrench.
4. Apply a slight coat of oil onto the cartridge gasket.
5. Tighten the filter quickly until it contacts the mounting
surface. Tighten filter by hand an additional 1/2 turn
only.
6. After the new cartridge has been replaced, the
transmission fluid level normally lowers a little. Add
fluid to proper level. Check for oil leaks around filter
gasket.
Tightening torque
18.6 to 20.6 N-m
(1.9 to 2.1 kgf-m,
13.7 to 15.2 ft-lbs)
61
BAdjusting Front Axle Pivot
BChecking Intake Air Line
If the front axle pivot pin adjustment is not correct,
vibration in the front wheel can occur.
1. Check to see that hoses and hose clamps are tight and
not damaged.
2. If hoses and clamps are found worn or damaged,
replace or repair them at once.
C Check and Adjustment of the Front Axle End Play
1. Lift up and securely block the front of the machine.
2. Measure the clearance (L) between the front axle (4)
and front axle support (3).
3. If the measurement exceeds the allowable limit, adjust
the nut (1).
(1) Hose
(2) Clamp
EVERY 400 HOURS
BChanging Transmission Fluid and Rear
Axle Gear Case Oil (RH & LH)
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key
before changing or checking the oil.
A Allow transmission case to cool down
sufficiently; oil can be hot and may cause
burns.
(1) Nut
(2) Center pin
(3) Front axle support
(4) Front axle
(5) Plain washer
(L) Front axle end play
A When fastening the center pin (2), tighten the nut so
that the front axle maybe oscillated smoothly by hand.
Front axle end play
(L)
Factory
spec.
Allowable
limit
0 to 0.2 mm
(0 to 0.008 in.)
0.5 mm
(0.02 in.)
The fluid in the transmission case is also used for the
hydrostatic drive system.
1. To drain the transmission oil, place oil pan underneath
the transmission case and the rear axle gear case
(RH&LH) and remove the drain plug at the bottom of
the transmission case and the rear axle gear case
(RH&LH).
2. After draining, reinstall the drain plugs.
3. Fill with UDT or SUPER UDT hydrostatic transmission
fluid or its equivalent up to the upper line of the gauge.
A It takes time to have the oil poured from the
transmission case reach the rear axle case (RH&LH).
Pour the regulated amount of oil slowly.
4. After running the engine for a few minutes, stop it and
check the oil level again; add oil to the prescribed
level.
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
62
PERIODIC SERVICE
A Operate only at low RPM's immediately after changing
the transmission fluid and filter cartridge.
Keep the engine at medium speed for a few minutes to
insure proper lubrication of all parts so there is no
damage to transmission.
(1) Oil level dipstick
(2) Oil plug and breather cup
(A) Oil level is acceptable
within this range.
BReplacing Hydraulic Oil Filter Cartridge
(1) Drain plug
(2) Transmission oil filter
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key
before changing the oil filter cartridge.
A Allow transmission case to cool down
sufficiently; oil can be hot and may cause
burns.
1. The oil filter cartridge must be changed every 400
service hours.
(1) Drain plug
(2) Rear axle gear case LH
(1) Oil filter cartridge
63
EVERY 1 YEAR
BReplacing Air Cleaner Primary Element
and Secondary Element
(See "Cleaning Air Cleaner Primary Element" in "EVERY
100 HOURS" in "PERIODIC SERVICE" section.)
A To prevent serious damage to the engine, use only a
KUBOTA genuine filter.
(1) Oil filter cartridge
2. To drain the transmission oil, place oil pan underneath
the transmission case and the rear axle gear case
(RH&LH) and remove the drain plug at the bottom of
the transmission case and the rear axle gear case
(RH&LH).
3. After draining, reinstall the drain plugs.
4. Remove the oil filter cartridge by using the filter
wrench.
5. Apply a slight coat of oil onto the cartridge gasket.
6. Tighten the filter quickly until it contacts the mounting
surface. Tighten filter by hand an additional 1/2 turn
only.
7. After the new cartridge has been replaced, the
transmission fluid level normally lowers a little. Add
fluid to proper level. Check for oil leaks around filter
gasket.
[How to remove the secondary element (ZD326P[S],
ZD331P[LP])]
1. Pull out the two tabs of the secondary element using a
suitable tool (e.g. Flat-blade screwdriver) as shown in
the figure.
A Pull out the tabs only when replacing the secondary
element.
A To prevent serious damage or premature failure to the
hydraulic system, use only a KUBOTA genuine filter.
BReplacing Fuel Filter
Consult your local KUBOTA Dealer for this service.
EVERY 1500 HOURS
BChecking Fuel Injection Nozzle (Injection
Pressure)
(1) Tab
(2) Flat-blade screwdriver
2. While turning slightly, pull out the secondary element.
Consult your local KUBOTA Dealer for this service.
EVERY 3000 HOURS
BChecking Injection Pump
Consult your local KUBOTA Dealer for this service.
(1) Secondary element
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
64
PERIODIC SERVICE
BFlush Cooling System and Changing
Coolant
To avoid personal injury:
A Do not remove the radiator cap when the
engine is hot. Then loosen cap slightly to the
stop to relieve any excess pressure before
removing cap completely.
1. Stop the engine and let cool down.
2. To drain the coolant, open the radiator drain cock and
remove the radiator drain plug and remove radiator
cap. The radiator cap must be removed to completely
drain the coolant.
3. After all coolant is drained, close the drain cock and
install the drain plug.
4. Fill with clean water and cooling system cleaner.
5. Follow directions of the cleaner instruction.
6. After flushing, fill with clean water and anti-freeze until
the coolant level is just below the fill port on the
radiator.
Install the radiator cap securely.
7. Fill with coolant up to the "FULL" mark on the recovery
tank.
8. Start and operate the engine for a few minutes.
9. Stop the engine and let cool.
10. Check coolant level of recovery tank, add coolant if
necessary, and install the drain plug.
(1) Drain cock
(1) Drain cock
A Do not start engine without coolant.
A Use clean, distilled water and anti-freeze to fill the
radiator and recovery tank.
A When the anti-freeze is mixed with water, the antifreeze mixing ratio must be less than 50%.
A Securely tighten radiator cap. If the cap is loose or
improperly fitted, water may leak out and the engine
could overheat.
(1) Drain plug
(2) Recovery tank
(3) Radiator cap
(A) "FULL"
(B) "LOW"
D At 1.013 x 10 Pa (760mmHg) pressure (atmospheric).
A higher boiling point is obtained by using a radiator
pressure cap which permits the development of
pressure within the cooling system.
BAnti-freeze
To avoid personal injury:
A When using anti-freeze, put on some protection
such as rubber gloves (Anti-freeze contains
poison.).
A If should drink anti-freeze, throw up at once
and take medical attention.
A When anti-freeze comes in contact with the
skin or clothing, wash it off immediately.
A Do not mix different types of Anti-freeze. The
mixture can produce chemical reaction
causing harmful substances.
A Anti-freeze is extremely flammable and
explosive under certain conditions. Keep fire
and children away from anti-freeze.
A When draining fluids from the engine, place
some container underneath the engine body. If
swallowed anti-freeze is harmful.
A Do not pour waste onto the grounds, down a
drain, or into any water source.
A Also, observe the relevant environmental
protection regulations when disposing of antifreeze.
If it freezes, coolant can damage the cylinders and
radiator. If the ambient temperature falls below 0 (32 F)
or before a long-term storage, let out cooling water
completely, or mix fresh water with long-life coolant and fill
the radiator and reserve tank with the mixture.
1. Long-life coolant (hereafter LLC) comes in several
types. Use ethylene glycol (EG) type for this engine.
2. Before employing LLC-mixed cooling water, fill the
radiator with fresh water and empty it again. Repeat
this procedure 2 or 3 times to clean up the inside.
3. Mixing the LLC
Put the LLC in cooling water in the percentage (%) for
a target temperature. When mixing, stir it up well, and
then fill into the radiator.
4. The procedure for the mixing of water and anti-freeze
differs according to the make of the anti-freeze and the
ambient temperature. Refer to SAE J1034 standard,
more specifically also to SAE J814c.
A When the anti-freeze is mixed with water, the antifreeze mixing ratio must be less than 50%.
Vol %
Anti-freeze
40
50
65
Freezing Point
Boiling Point *
F
-24
-37
-12
-34
F
106
108
222
226
5. Adding the LLC
(1) Add only water if the mixture reduces in amount
by evaporation.
(2) If there is a mixture leak, add the LLC of the same
manufacturer and type in the same mixture
percentage.
*Never add any long-life coolant of different
manufacturer. (Different brands may have
different additive components, and the engine
may fail to perform as specified.)
6. When the LLC is mixed, do not employ any radiator
cleaning agent. The LLC contains anti-corrosive
agent. If mixed with the cleaning agent, sludge may
build up, adversely affecting the engine parts.
7. Kubota's genuine long-life coolant has a service life of
2 years. Be sure to change the coolant every 2 years.
A The above data represent industry standards that
necessitate a minimum glycol content in the
concentrated anti-freeze.
A When the coolant level drops due to evaporation, add
water only to keep the anti-freeze mixing ratio less
than 50%. In case of leakage, add anti-freeze and
water in the specified mixing ratio before filling in to the
radiator.
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
66
PERIODIC SERVICE
EVERY 2 YEARS
SERVICE AS REQUIRED
BReplacing Hydraulic Hose
BReplacing Fuses
Consult your local KUBOTA Dealer for this service.
Replacement of the fuse
1. Raise the operator's seat.
2. Remove the blown fuse.
3. Place a new fuse of the same capacity in position.
BReplacing Fuel Lines
Consult your local KUBOTA Dealer for this service.
BReplacing Radiator Hose
See "Checking Radiator Hose and Clamp" in "EVERY 200
HOURS" in "PERIODIC SERVICE" section.
BReplacing Mower Gear Box Oil-Seal
Consult your local KUBOTA Dealer for this service.
BReplacing Intake Air Line
See "Checking Intake Air Line" in "EVERY 200 HOURS"
in "PERIODIC SERVICE" section.
(1) Fuse location
(2) Slow blow fuse
A If the new fuse happens to blow out within a short time,
contact your dealer for inspection and repair. Never
"jump" the fuse with wire or foil, or install a larger
capacity fuse than is recommended.
67
C Protected circuit
FUSE NO.
(1)
CAPACITY
(A)
20 A
Engine stop
15 A
Charge system
15 A
Main system
15 A
Aux. outlet
10 A
Control system
(20 A)
(2)
Protected circuit
Slow blow fuse
40 A
*(Work light)
Check circuit against
wrong battery connection
BChecking and Replacing Blade
To avoid personal injury:
A Be sure to stop the engine and remove the key.
A Blades may be sharp. When you handle blades,
wear heavy gloves or wrap end of blade with a
rag.
C Checking
The blade cutting edges should be kept sharp at all times.
Sharpen the cutting edges, if they resemble blade (B).
Replace the blades if they appear similar to blade (C).
*Option: The fuse should be in only when the work light
is attached.
(A) New blade
(B) Worn blade
(C) Cracked blade
C Replacing
1. Tilt up the mower deck.
(See "HOW TO TILT UP THE MACHINE" in
"PERIODIC SERVICE" section.)
2. Wedge a block of wood between the blade and mower
housing or use a box wrench over the pulley nut to
prevent the spindle from rotating while removing the
blade bolts; loosen the blade bolt as illustrated.
A Use the proper metric size box or socket wrench to
tighten or loosen the blade mounting bolt.
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
68
(1) Block
(A) "LOOSEN"
3. To sharpen the blades yourself, clamp the blade
securely in a vise.
Use a large mill file and file along the original bevel
until sharp.
4. To check the blade for balance, place a small rod
through the center hole. If the blade is not balanced,
file the heavy side of the blade until balance is
achieved.
5. Pass the spline boss through the blade and 2 cup
washers, and tighten the bolt.
A Make sure that the cup washer is not flattened out or
worn; this cause blade to slip excessively.
Replace the 2 cup washers if either is damaged.
(1) Spindle holder
(2) Blade
(3) 2-Cup washers
(4) Lock washer
(5) Bolt
(6) Spindle guard
A Tighten the three blade bolts to 98 to 117.6 N-m (10 to
12 kgf-m, 72 to 87 ft-lbs) of torque.
A The blade bolts have Right hand threads. Turn them
counterclockwise to loosen.
A To prolong the service life of the blades, reposition
them as shown in the figure below periodically.
6. Before checking or replacing the blade, wipe grass
and mud off the top and inside of the mower.
Especially clean up the inside of the belt cover,
because otherwise the belt life will be reduced.
(1) LH blade
(2) Center blade
(3) RH blade
BMower Belt Replacement
1. Remove the mower deck from the machine according
to the procedure "DISMOUNTING THE MOWER
DECK".
2. Remove the left and right hand shield from the mower
deck.
3. Clean around the gear box.
4. Remove the belt from the tension pulley.
5. Remove the right hand bracket which mounts the gear
box to the mower deck and slip the belt over the top of
the gear box.
6. To install a new belt, reverse the above procedure.
A Tighten bracket bolts securely 77.6 to 90.2 N-m (8.0 to
9.2 kgf-m, 57.1 to 66.5 ft-lbs.).
(1) Tension pulley
(2) Bracket (RH)
(3) Belt
BBleeding Fuel System
Air must be removed:
1. When the fuel filter or lines are removed.
2. When tank is completely empty.
3. After the machine has not been used for a long period
of time.
C Bleeding procedure is as follows:
1. Fill the fuel tank with fuel.
2. Start the engine and run for about 30 seconds, and
then stop the engine.
69
ENGLISH
PERIODIC SERVICE
ENGLISH
70
ADJUSTMENT
ADJUSTMENT
MOTION CONTROL LEVER
To avoid personal injury:
A Park the machine on a firm and level surface.
A If it is necessary to run engine in an enclosed
area, use a gas tight exhaust pipe extension to
remove the fumes.
A Always try to work in a well-ventilated area.
A Lift up and secure with jack stands or block the
rear of the machine, do not run the machine
while adjusting.
Remove rear wheels.
To avoid personal injury:
A Do not operate the machine with a jumper wire.
A If you feel you are unable to make the following
adjustments correctly and safety, please
contact your local KUBOTA Dealer.
7. Loosen the lock nut of the motion control rod.
Adjust the motion control rod until axle rotation stops.
A Right and left motion control levers can be adjusted
independently.
BHST NEUTRAL
1. Lift-up and secure with jack stands or blocking the rear
of the machine frame.
2. Remove both rear wheels.
3. Place the motion control lever in the "NEUTRAL
LOCK" position.
4. Check that the lever is touching the front side of its
guide plate.
If the lever is not in the correct position, adjust the
speed control spring. (See "MOTION CONTROL
LEVER NEUTRAL POSITION" in "ADJUSTMENT"
section.)
(1) Guide plate
(2) Motion control lever
(A) The lever is in contact
with plate.
5. Pull the latch lever and raise the operator's seat.
6. Remove the connector from the seat safety switch,
then temporarily install a jumper wire across the
terminals in the connector of the wire harness.
(1) Motion control rod
(2) Lock nut
8. Lengthen the rod by 1/2 turn and then tighten the lock
nut.
Place the motion control lever to the reverse position,
and move them to the forward slowly.
9. Place the lever in the "NEUTRAL LOCK" position, and
check the rear axle does not rotate.
If the axle have not stopped rotating, adjust the "HST
NEUTRAL" again.
10. After adjustment, be sure to stop the engine
immediately.
11. Adjust another side "HST NEUTRAL" equally.
BMOTION CONTROL LEVER NEUTRAL
POSITION
1. Lift-up and secure with jack stands or blocking the rear
of the machine frame.
2. Remove both rear wheels.
3. Start the engine, and run at maximum speed.
4. Place the lever in the "NEUTRAL" position.
5. Pull the lever to the reverse maximum position and
release the lever.
6. Measure the axle rotation.
7. Loosen the lock nut and adjust the speed control bolt
length so that the axle rotation would stop.
8. Tighten the lock nut.
9. Check the axle rpm again.
If it is not correct, adjust again.
10. Adjust the other side equally.
11. After adjustment, be sure to stop the engine
immediately.
71
BMAXIMUM SPEED (FORWARD)
Consult your local KUBOTA Dealer for this service.
BMOTION CONTROL LEVER ALIGNMENT
C Check the alignment
Check the gap and space between the levers, at the
maximum forward position.
Recommendation
Gap: 0 to 2 mm
(0 to 0.08 in.)
Space:10 to 20 mm
(0.4 to 0.8 in.)
If positions of the control levers are unequal, an
adjustment is necessary.
(A) "GAP"
(B) "SPACE"
(1) Lock nut
(2) Speed control bolt
(L) 50 mm (2.0 in.)
To avoid personal injury;
A Park the machine on a firm and level surface.
A Stop the engine, remove the key and apply the
parking brake.
(1) Motion control lever
(2) Guide plate
(A) "NEUTRAL" position
(hands off)
ENGLISH
ADJUSTMENT
ENGLISH
72
ADJUSTMENT
C Aligning the control levers
MOWER DECK LEVEL
Lever position (High or Low)
1. Remove the nut and select the motion control lever
position, high or low.
2. Tighten the nut.
BANTI-SCALP ROLLERS
To avoid personal injury;
A Park the machine on a firm and level surface.
A Apply the parking brake.
A Stop the engine and remove the key.
A Wait for all moving parts to stop.
A The flattest cut can be achieved by having the antiscalp rollers adjusted off the ground.
Check anti-scalp roller adjustments each time the
mower deck cutting height is changed.
It is recommended that all the anti-scalp rollers be kept
off the ground to minimize scuffing.
(1) Motion control lever
(2) Nut
Lever alignment (Right and Left)
3. Loosen the nut.
4. Slide both levers forward or rearward to desired
position within tab slots until levers are aligned.
5. Tighten the nut.
A If the ends of the levers strike against each other while
in the "NEUTRAL" position, move the levers outward
to the "NEUTRAL LOCK" position and carefully bend
them outward.
Move them back to the "NEUTRAL" position and
check for the recommended space.
1. Check the machine tire pressure.
Inflate tires to the correct pressure. (See "TIRES AND
WHEELS" section.)
2. Start the engine.
3. Raise up the mower deck to the transport position.
(Also the top end of the lift.)
4. Turn the cutting height control dial to adjust height.
5. Lower the mower deck.
Front side anti-scalp roller
6. Adjust height of the front side anti-scalp roller by
replacing the collar (collar is raised and lowered) to
approximately 19 mm (3/4 in.) between rollers and
ground.
Adjust both side rollers to the same height.
(1) Set pin
(H) 19 mm (3/4 in.)
73
BLEVEL MOWER DECK (Side-to-Side)
To avoid personal injury:
A Park the machine on a firm and level surface.
A Apply the parking brake.
A Disengage PTO (OFF).
A Stop the engine, remove the key and remove
the mower u-joint while checking or adjusting
the level of the mower deck.
(1) Collar
(2) Washer
(3) Set pin
(H) 19 mm (3/4 in.)
A Check the machine tire pressure.
Inflate tires to the correct pressure.
(See "TIRES AND WHEELS" section.)
C Checking level (Side-to-Side)
Rear side anti-scalp roller
7. Adjust height of the rear side anti-scalp roller to one of
seven positions to approximately 19 mm (3/4 in.)
between rollers and ground.
Adjust both side rollers to the same height.
A Mower deck anti-scalp rollers should not contact the
ground.
1. Raise the mower deck to the transport position. (Also
the top end).
2. Turn the cutting height set dial to the 3 in. cutting
height position.
3. Lower the mower deck.
4. Position the right mower blade in the Side-to-Side
position.
5. Measure from outside blade tip to the level surface
with a short ruler or leveling gauge.
Reference
Height of the blade
at the concrete surface
76 mm (3 in.)
A There is a difference of the blade height between on
the concrete and ground.
(H) 19 mm (3/4 in.)
6. Check that the left side blade is same height.
The difference between both measurements should
be less than 3 mm (1/8 in.).
7. If the Side-to-Side adjustment is not within the given
tolerance, adjustment necessary.
ENGLISH
ADJUSTMENT
ADJUSTMENT
ENGLISH
74
BLEVEL MOWER DECK (Front-to-Rear)
To avoid personal injury:
A Park the machine on a firm and level surface.
A Engage the parking brake.
A Disengage PTO.
A Stop the engine, remove the key and remove
the mower u-joint while checking or adjusting
the level of the mower deck.
C Adjusting level (Side-to-Side)
1. Raise up the mower deck to the transport position.
(Also the top end).
2. Turn the cutting height set dial to the 3 in. cutting
height position.
3. Place 51 mm (2 in.) height wood blocks under each
side of the mower deck.
Anti-scalp rollers must not rest on the wood block.
4. Lower the mower deck.
5. Position mower blade in the Side-to-Side position.
6. Loosen the lock nuts of the right side of the machine.
7. Adjust the cutting height fine tuning bolts to set 76 mm
(3 in.) height.
Front and rear side bolts must be adjusted.
8. Lock the nuts.
9. Adjust the left side equally.
10. Check the side-to-side level and if it is not level,
adjustment necessary.
A Check the machine tire pressure.
Inflate tires to the correct pressure.
(See "TIRES AND WHEELS" section.)
C Checking level (Front-to-Rear)
A Mower deck anti-scalp rollers should not contact the
ground.
1. Raise the mower deck to the transport position. (Also
the top end).
2. Turn the cutting height set dial to the 3 in. cutting
height position.
3. Lower the mower deck.
4. Position the right mower blade in the Front-to-Rear
position.
5. Measure from the right front blade tip to the level
surface with a short ruler or leveling gauge.
6. Turn the blade 180 and measure from right rear blade
tip to the level surface.
7. Check that the left side blade has the same dimension.
The difference between both measurements should
be less than 6 mm (1/4 in.).
Front side must be lower than rear side.
8. If the Front-to-Rear adjustment is not within the given
tolerance, adjustment is necessary.
(1) Cutting height fine tuning bolt
(2) Lock nut
(A) Front
(B) Rear
C Adjusting level (Front-to-Rear)
1. Raise up the mower deck to the transport position.
(Also the top end).
2. Turn the cutting height set dial to the 3 in. cutting
height position.
3. Place 51 mm (2 in.) height wood blocks under each
side of the mower deck.
Anti-scalp rollers must not rest on the wood block.
4. Lower the mower deck.
5. Loosen the lock nuts of the front side of the machine.
6. Adjust the cutting height fine tuning bolts to set 76 mm
(3 in.) height.
Both front side bolts must be adjusted.
7. Lock the nuts.
8. Adjust the other side equally.
A The difference between both measurements should
be less than 6 mm (1/4 in.).
Front side must be lower than rear side.
9. Check the front-to-rear level and if it is not level,
adjustment necessary.
(1) Cutting height fine tuning bolt
(2) Lock nut
75
ENGLISH
ADJUSTMENT
ENGLISH
76
ADJUSTMENT
GENERAL TORQUE SPECIFICATION
American standard cap screws
with UNC or UNF threads
GR.5
Metric cap screws
GR.8
SAE grade No.
Class 8.8
Class 10.9
Property class
1/4
(ft-lbs)
(N-m)
(kgf-m)
8 - 9.6
10.7 - 12.9
1.11 - 1.33
12 - 14.4
16.1 - 19.3
1.66 - 1.99
M6
(ft-lbs)
(N-m)
(kgf-m)
7.2 - 8.3
9.81 - 11.3
1.0 - 1.15
5/16
(ft-lbs)
(N-m)
(kgf-m)
17 - 20.5
23.1 - 27.8
2.35 - 2.84
24 - 29
32.5 - 39.3
3.31 - 4.01
M8
(ft-lbs)
(N-m)
(kgf-m)
17.4 - 20.2
23.6 - 27.4
2.4 - 2.8
21.7 - 25.3
29.4 - 34.3
3.0 - 3.5
3/8
(ft-lbs)
(N-m)
(kgf-m)
35 - 42
47.5 - 57.0
4.84 - 5.82
45 - 54
61.0 - 73.2
6.22 - 7.47
M10
(ft-lbs)
(N-m)
(kgf-m)
35.5 - 41.2
48.1 - 55.8
4.9 - 5.7
44.9 - 52.1
60.8 - 70.5
6.2 - 7.2
1/2
(ft-lbs)
(N-m)
(kgf-m)
80 - 96
108.5 - 130.2
11.07 - 13.29
110 - 132
149.2 - 179.0
15.22 - 18.27
M12
(ft-lbs)
(N-m)
(kgf-m)
57.2 - 66.5
77.5 - 90.1
7.9 - 9.2
76.0 - 86.8
103 - 117
10.5 - 12.0
9/16
(ft-lbs)
(N-m)
(kgf-m)
110 - 132
149.2 - 179.0
15.22 - 18.27
160 - 192
217.0 - 260.4
22.14 - 26.57
M14
(ft-lbs)
(N-m)
(kgf-m)
91.2 - 108
124 - 127
12.6 - 15.0
123 - 144
167 - 196
17.0 - 20.0
5/8
(ft-lbs)
(N-m)
(kgf-m)
150 - 180
203.4 - 244.1
20.75 - 24.91
220 - 264
298.3 - 358.0
30.44 - 36.53
M16
(ft-lbs)
(N-m)
(kgf-m)
145 - 166
196 - 225
20.0 - 23.0
192 - 224
260 - 303
26.5 - 31.0
TIGHTENING TORQUE CHART
Thread
size
d (mm)
Hexa-Bolt
Head size
B (mm)
M8
No mark
7T
ft-lbs
N-m
kgf-m
ft-lbs
N-m
kgf-m
12 or 13
13.0 - 15.2
(14.1 1.1)
17.8 - 20.6
(19.2 1.4)
1.9 - 2.1
(2.0 0.1)
17.5 - 20.3
(18.9 1.4)
23.5 - 27.5
(25.5 2.0)
2.4 - 2.8
(2.6 0.2)
M10
14 or 17
28.9 - 33.3
(31.1 2.2)
39.3 - 45.1
(42.2 2.9)
4.0 - 4.6
(4.3 0.3)
35.4 - 41.2
(38.3 2.9)
48.1 - 55.9
(52.0 3.9)
4.9 - 5.7
(5.3 0.4)
M12
17 or 19
46.3 - 53.5
(49.9 3.6)
62.8 - 72.6
(67.7 4.9)
6.4 - 7.4
(6.9 0.5)
57.1 - 66.5
(61.8 4.7)
77.6 - 90.2
(83.9 6.3)
8.0 - 9.2
(8.6 0.6)
M14
19 or 22
79.6 - 92.6
(86.1 6.5)
107.9 - 125.5
(116.7 8.8)
11.0 - 12.8
(11.9 0.9)
91.1 - 108.5 123.6 - 147.0
(99.8 8.7) (135.3 11.7)
A Figure "7" on the top of the bolt indicates that the bolt is of special material.
A Before tightening, check the figure on the top of bolt.
77
ENGLISH
ADJUSTMENT
12.6 - 15.0
(13.8 1.2)
ENGLISH
78
STORAGE
STORAGE
To avoid personal injury:
A Do not clean the machine with engine running.
A To avoid the danger of exhaust fume
poisoning, do not operate the engine in a
closed building without proper ventilation.
A When storing, remove the key to avoid
unauthorized persons from operating the
machine and getting injured.
MACHINE STORAGE
If you intend to store your machine for an extended period
of time, follow the procedures outlined below. These
procedures will insure that the machine is ready to
operate with minimum preparation when it is removed
from storage,
1. Check for loose bolts and nuts, and tighten if
necessary.
2. Apply grease to machine areas where bare metal will
rust also to pivot areas.
3. Inflate the tires to a pressure a little higher than usual.
4. Change the engine oil and run the engine to circulate
oil throughout the engine block and internal moving
parts for about five minutes.
5. With all implements lowered to the ground, coat any
exposed hydraulic cylinder piston rods with grease.
6. Remove the battery from the machine. When
disconnecting the cables from the battery, start with
the negative terminal first. When connecting the
cables to the battery, start with the positive terminal
first.
7. Keep the machine in a dry place where the machine is
sheltered from rain. Cover the machine.
8. Store the machine indoors in a dry area that is
protected from sunlight and excessive heat. If the
machine must be stored outdoors, cover it with a
waterproof tarpaulin.
9. Jack the machine up and place blocks under the front
and rear axles so that all four tires are off the ground.
Keep the tires out of direct sunlight and extreme heat.
A When washing the machine, be sure to stop the
engine. Allow sufficient time for the engine to cool
before washing.
A Cover the machine after the muffler and the engine
have cooled down.
REMOVING THE MACHINE FROM
STORAGE
1. Check the tire air pressure and inflate the tires if they
are low.
2. Jack the machine up and remove the support blocks.
3. Install the battery. Before installing the battery, make
sure it is fully charged.
4. Check the fan belt tension.
5. Check all fluid levels (engine oil, transmission/
hydraulic oil, engine coolant and any attached
implements).
6. Check all control levers and the brake for proper
function free up or lubricate as necessary.
7. Start the engine. Observe all gauges. If all gauges are
functioning properly and reading normal, move the
machine outside.
8. Once outside, park the machine securely set the
parking brake, place the control levers in the neutral
lock position and let the engine idle for at least five
minutes.
9. Shut the engine off and walk around machine and
make a visual inspection looking for evidence of oil or
water leaks.
10. With the engine fully warmed up, release the parking
brake and test the brakes for proper adjustment as you
move forward. Adjust the brakes as necessary.
79
ENGLISH
TROUBLESHOOTING
TROUBLESHOOTING
ENGINE TROUBLESHOOTING
If something is wrong with the engine, refer to the table below for the cause and its corrective measure.
Trouble
Cause
Engine is difficult to start or
won't start
Countermeasure
A No fuel flow.
A Check the fuel valve position.
A Check the fuel tank and the fuel filter.
Replace filter if necessary.
A Air or water is in the fuel system.
A Check to see if the fuel line coupler bolt and
nut are tight.
A Bleed the fuel system. (See "SERVICE AS
REQUIRED" in "PERIODIC SERVICE"
section.)
A In winter, oil viscosity increases, A Use oils of different viscosities, depending on
and engine revolution is slow.
ambient temperatures.
A Battery becomes weak and the A Clean battery cables and terminals.
engine does not turn over quick A Charge the battery.
enough.
A In cold weather, always remove the battery
from the engine, charge and store it indoors.
Install it on the machine only when the
machine is going to be used.
A Insufficient or dirty fuel.
A The air cleaner is clogged.
A Check the fuel valve position.
A Check the fuel system.
A Clean the element.
A Insufficient fuel.
A Check the fuel valve position.
A Refuel.
A Bleed the fuel system if necessary.
Black
A Fuel quality is poor.
A Too much oil.
A Engine is overloaded.
A Change the fuel and fuel filter.
A Check the proper amount of oil.
A Reduce engine load.
Blue
white
A The inside of exhaust muffler is A Heat the muffler by applying load to the
dumped with fuel.
engine.
A Injection nozzle trouble.
A Check the injection nozzle.
A Fuel quality is poor.
A Change the fuel and fuel filter.
Insufficient engine power.
Engine stops suddenly.
Exhaust fumes are
colored.
Engine overheats.
A Engine overloaded.
A Lower speed or reduce load.
A Low coolant level.
A Fill cooling system to the correct level;
check radiator and hoses for loose
connections or leaks.
A Loose or defective fan belt.
A Adjust or replace fan belt.
A Dirty radiator
screens.
core
or
grille A Remove all trash.
A Coolant flow route corroded.
If you have any questions, contact your local KUBOTA Dealer.
A Flush cooling system.
ENGLISH
80
TROUBLESHOOTING
BATTERY TROUBLESHOOTING
Trouble
Starter does not function.
Cause
Remedy
A Battery overused until A Charge
lights are dim.
sufficiently.
Preventive measure
battery A Charge the battery properly.
A Battery has not been
recharged.
A Poor
connection.
terminal A Clean the terminal A Keep the terminal clean and
and tighten securely.
tight.
Apply grease and treat with
anti-corrosives.
A Battery life expired.
A Renew battery.
From beginning starter
does not function, and
lights soon become dim.
A Insufficient charging.
A Charge
sufficiently.
When viewed from top,
the top of plates look
whitish.
A Battery was used with A Add distilled water A Regularly
check
electrolyte level.
an insufficient amount
and
charge
the
of electrolyte.
battery.
A Battery was used too A Charge
much
without
sufficiently.
recharging.
battery A Battery must be serviced
properly before initial use.
battery A Charge the battery properly.
Recharging is impossible.
A Battery life expired.
Terminals are severely
corroded and heat up.
A Poor
connection.
Battery electrolyte level
drops rapidly.
A There is a crack or pin A Replace battery.
holes in the electrolytic
cells.
A Charging
trouble.
the
A Replace battery.
terminal A Clean the terminal A Keep the terminal clean and
and tighten securely.
tight.
Apply grease and treat with
anti-corrosives.
system A Contact your local
KUBOTA Dealer.
If you have any questions, contact your local KUBOTA Dealer.
MACHINE TROUBLESHOOTING
Trouble
Machine operation is not
smooth.
Cause
A Hydrostatic
insufficient.
Remedy
transmission
fluid
is A Replenish oil.
A Filter is clogged.
A Replace the filter.
Machine dose not move while
engine is running.
A Parking brake is on.
A Release the parking brake.
Machine moves when motion
control levers are in the
"NEUTRAL LOCK" position.
(Engine is operated.)
A Hydrostatic lever linkage is not A Ask your dealer for hydrostatic lever
correctly adjusted.
linkage
adjustment
or
pressure
adjustment.
A Transmission
insufficient.
fluid
level
A Control linkage pivots are sticking.
If you have any questions, contact your local KUBOTA Dealer.
is A Replenish oil.
A Full up and lubricate linkage.
81
MOWER TROUBLESHOOTING
Trouble
Discharge chute plugged.
Streaking of grass uncut.
Uneven cut.
Cause
Remedy
A Grass too wet.
A Wait for grass to dry.
A Grass too long.
A Raise cutting height and cut grass twice.
A Cutting too low.
A Raise cutting height.
A Engine r.p.m. too low.
A Mow at full throttle.
A Ground speed too fast.
A Slow down.
A Ground speed too fast.
A Slow down.
A Engine r.p.m. too low.
A Mow at full throttle, check and reset engine r.p.m..
A Grass too long.
A Cut grass twice.
A Blades dull or damaged.
A Replace blades or have blades sharpened.
A Debris in mower deck.
A Clean mower deck.
A Mower deck not level.
A Level mower deck.
A Ground speed too fast.
A Slow-down.
A Blades dull.
A Have blades sharpened.
A Blades worn.
A Replace blades.
A Low tire inflation.
A Add air to correct pressure.
A Anti-scalp rollers not adjusted A Adjust anti-scalp rollers.
correctly.
A Wheels pressure not adjusted A Set both tire pressures to the correct pressure. (See
correctly.
"TIRES" in "TIRES AND WHEELS" section.)
Blades scalping grass.
A Cutting height too low.
A Raise cutting height.
A Turning speed too fast.
A Reduce speed on turns.
A Ridges in terrain.
A Change mowing pattern.
A Rough or uneven terrain.
A Adjust wheels pressure and anti scalp rollers.
A Anti-scalp rollers not adjusted A Adjust wheels pressure and anti scalp rollers.
correctly.
Belt slipping.
Excessive vibration.
A Bent blade(s).
A Replace blade(s).
A Mower deck plugged.
A Unplug and clean mower deck.
A Debris in pulleys.
A Clean pulleys.
A Worn belt.
A Replace belt.
A Debris on mower deck or in A Clean mower deck and pulleys.
pulleys.
A Damaged drive belt.
A Replace drive belt.
A Damaged pulleys.
A Replace pulleys.
A Pulleys out of alignment.
A See your KUBOTA Dealer.
A Blades out of balance.
A Have blades balanced.
ENGLISH
TROUBLESHOOTING
ENGLISH
82
TROUBLESHOOTING
Trouble
Mower loads down
machine.
Cause
Remedy
A Engine r.p.m. too low.
A Mow at full throttle, check and reset engine r.p.m..
A Ground speed too fast.
A Slow down.
A Debris wrapped around mower A Clean mower.
spindles.
A Front of deck lower than rear.
If you have any questions, contact your local KUBOTA Dealer.
A Adjust deck.
(See "MOWER
section.)
DECK"
in
"ADJUSTMENT"
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