MAX CHARGE MC-614
MULTI-STAGE
VOLTAGE REGULATOR
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL
Introduction
Safety Considerations
The Balmar Max Charge MC-614 is the latest generation of
1. Always disconnect your battery banks
smart, multi-stage Balmar Max Charge voltage regulators.
and ensure that switches are “OFF” prior
Designed to provide precise voltage control for Balmar’s
to installing your regulator.
high-output 12-volt alternators and other externally regulated P-type
alternators, the MC-614 features user selectable programs for the 2. Remove loose-fitting clothing or jewelry,
which could become entangled in
following battery types: Deep cycle flooded, standard flooded, gel,
your motor or other machinery prior to
AGM, spiral wound AGM, and LiFePO4 batteries. The regulator
installing regulator.
also features a universal default program that’s designed for use in
vessels utilizing voltage sensitive halogen equipment.
3. Wear ANSI-approved safety eye-wear
and protective gear.
In addition to the user selectable preset programs, the MC-614
features a wealth of advanced programming modes which make it
possible to tailor charging to a wide variety of environments.
When used in conjunction with optional MC-TS-A and
MC-TS-B alternator and battery temperature sensors, the MC-614
features the ability to monitor and respond to a range of ambient
temperature conditions, including reduction or discontinuation
of charging voltages, should a catastrophic over-temperature
condition occur at the alternator or the batteries.
Table of Contents
Introduction
1
Basic Programming
10
Safety Considerations
1
Adjust For Battery Type
10
Regulator Installation
2
Unpacking Box
2
LiFePO4
Locate/Mount Regulator
Basic Wiring Installation
Regulator Terminal Layout
Installation By Wire
11
Belt Load Manager
12
2
Display Mode
12
2
Alt. Failure Advisory
12
3
Programming Flow Chart
4-6
Adv. Programming
13
14-15
Initial Start Up
6
Battery Equalization
16
Regulator Operation
7
Default Program Settings
16
Programming Display Modes
8
Add’l. Regulator Features
Regulator Programming
10
Troubleshooting
Using Magnetic Tool
10
Warranty
16
17-18
19
4. DO NOT attempt to modify the regulator.
Modifications could result in damage to
your charging system, and will void your
warranty.
5. DO NOT attempt installation if you are
tired or fatigued.
6. Ensure that the engine has cooled before
initiating installation.
7. DO NOT attempt regulator installation
while using alcohol or medication that
could impair your judgment or reaction
time.
8. Always use the right tool for the job.
Improper tool use may damage regulator
or your vessel, and could result in
personal injury.
9. Take time to read the manual. Equipment
damage and possible injuries may result
from an incomplete understanding of
the installation and operation of the
MC-614 regulator. If you are unfamiliar
with marine electrical systems, consult
with a licensed marine electrician.
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Tech Service is available Monday - Friday (8:30am - 7:30pm EST)
©2017 Balmar LLC SUP-0201 REV.C 12/12/17
1
CAUTION: The following instructions are intended for use by experienced marine electrical installers.
If you are not experienced at installing electrical system components, we recommend the use of a
qualified marine electrical technician.
Regulator Installation
The following information is intended to provide the installer with the basic information required to complete
installation. This section of the installation manual will deal with mounting, wiring connections and basic
programming for battery type. Additional information regarding advanced programming adjustments and
troubleshooting are addressed later in the manual.
Unpacking the Box
Your Max Charge MC-614-H regulator kit is packaged with the following
items:
•
•
•
•
•
Max Charge MC-614 Regulator
54” Wiring Harness
Fused (1A) Battery Sense Wire Pigtail
Magnetic Programming Tool
MC-614 Quick Start Guide
If any of the listed items is not included with your regulator kit, call our
customer service department at 360-435-6100. Please note - If your
regulator box is marked Max Charge MC-614, without the “H” designation
your kit will not include the wiring harness or fused battery sense pigtail.
Locate And Mount The Regulator
Choosing a mounting location for your voltage regulator should be determined based on the following factors;
distance from alternator, distance from inverters, transmitters and other sources of RF noise, convenient access
and readability of the display. The regulator wiring harness is 54 inches long, providing a three to four foot radius
for mounting. Ample airflow is essential for the regulator’s proper operation. Ensure that the regulator is free from
obstructions that restrict air movement around or below the regulator’s aluminum heat sink. While the regulator
is designed to operate safely in conditions typical of a marine engine compartment, the regulator may be better
protected, and easier to use and monitor if mounted outside of the engine compartment. The max operating
temperature is 90°C.
Should it be necessary to install the regulator further than 54” from the alternator, ensure that any wire extensions
are properly connected, as resistance in the harness wiring can affect charging efficiency. If harness length must
reach beyond approximately 8’, replace the RED power and BLUE field wires with larger gauge wire that’s sized to
ensure voltage drop < 3%.
Basic Wiring Installation
The regulator’s wiring harness includes six wires required for standard installation. Four of those wires are
connected to the regulator via a Ford-style plug connector that’s pre-installed on the regulator. These wires include
the Ground (BLACK), Power (RED), Ignition (BROWN), and Field (BLUE). Plug is shown at right.
In addition, the harness includes a separate Stator (WHITE) wire. The proper terminal connection points for this,
and additional wiring connections, are illustrated on the pin location legend shown and discussed on the following
pages.
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2
MC-614 Regulator Terminal Layout
1. GROUND INPUT
2. POWER INPUT
3. IGNITION INPUT
4. FIELD OUTPUT
5. ALT. TEMP. (-)
6. ALT. TEMP. (+)
Magnetic
Reed Switch
7. BAT. TEMP. #1 (-)
8. BAT. TEMP. #1 (+)
9. POSITIVE VOLTAGE SENSE
17
10.DATA TX
16
11.DATA RX
4
12.STATOR IN
13.TACHOMETER OUT
14.BAT. #2 TEMP. (-)
15.BAT. #2 TEMP. (+)
16.AUX. #1 LAMP
17.DASH LAMP
14
15
12
13
10
11
3
2
9
7
8
5
6
1
Isolated Ground Terminal
MUST be connected to system ground
Positive Battery Sense
(Required for Internal Regulator Only)
HOUSE BATTERY
BANK
+
1A
Ignition
Connector 1
17
16
14
15
12
13
10
11
Co
nn
ect
or
2
4
3
10A
2
9
7
8
5
6
External Regulator
Plug
D+
Positive Output
Terminal
1
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Tech Service is available Monday - Friday (8:30am - 7:30pm EST)
3
17
16
Installation by Wire
NOTE: Must install wires listed on this page for regulator to operate.
4
The BLACK Ground Wire #1 in diagram at right is included in the four-wire Ford-style plug on the wiring
harness and is factory installed on regulator packages designated with “H” at the end of the model
14
15
number. The other end of the Ground Wire is fitted with a ring terminal connector.
In most applications,
this wire can be connected directly to the alternator’s ground terminal post. For best accuracy ground as
13
close to the battery as possible. Both the alternator and regulator must be 12
connected to system ground.
3
Install BLACK Ground Wire
Install RED Power Wire
10
11
The RED Field Wire #2 in diagram at right is included in the four-wire Ford style plug and is factory
installed on regulator packages designated with “H” at the end of the model number. The9other end of
the Power Wire is fitted with a ring terminal connector. In most applications, this wire can be connected
directly to the alternator’s positive output post. When a diode-type battery isolator is used, the power
8
7
and voltage sense (#9) wires must be connected to the battery side of the battery isolator. Power Wire is
equipped with 10-amp ATC type fuse. The Power Wire must be fused to ensure
against damage to
5
6 the
voltage regulator.
2
1
Install BROWN Ignition Wire
The BROWN Ignition Wire #3 in diagram at right provides ON/OFF voltage for the regulator. This
wire is included in the Ford-style plug at the regulator end of the wiring harness. The other end of the wire is fitted with a butt
Magnetic
connector. Typically, the ignition wire is connected to the ON side of the ignition switch. This may be at the
actual switch, or to
Switch
a wire in the existing engine wiring loom that delivers switched voltage from the ignition switch. In someReed
cases,
an oil pressure
switch may be used to activate the regulator. In either case, the regulator’s ignition wire must see zero volts when the engine
ignition is switched off.
Install BLUE Field Wire
17
The BLUE Field Wire #4 in diagram at right provides regulated current to control alternator output. The wire is included in the
16
wiring harness Ford-style plug and is pre-connected at the regulator. At the other end of the wire, you’ll find either a plug or a
ring terminal, depending on the alternator’s field terminal connection. Attach the field wire to the alternator’s field terminal.
Install Alternator Temperature Sensor
The optional Alternator Temperature Sensor (MC-TS-A) allows your MC-614 voltage regulator to monitor your alternator
temperatures and limit output if safe operating levels are exceeded. The MC-614 uses active temperature regulation to
maximize high-temperature output. The MC-TS-A sensor includes a 54” cable, a sensing attachment lug, and positive and
14
15
negative regulator plug-in connectors. To install the MC-TS-A:
4
3
13
1. Connect the sensor lug to one of the four bolts that hold the alternator’s front and rear cases together.
If a Balmar alternator
12
is installed use the predrilled location provided on the rear case. Extend sensor cable to the regulator. The cable can be
included within the regulator’s wiring harness, or can be run alongside the harness and attached 10
with cable ties.
11
2. Connect the temperature sensor to the Alt. Temp. terminals on the regulator. It is
essential that the terminals are connected to the correct pin. Connect the red wire to the
positive terminal #6 and the black wire to the negative terminal #5.
Install Positive Battery Sense Wire
Included with the MC-614 wiring harness kit is a fused wiring pigtail which features a ring
terminal at one end and a butt connector at the other. In the center is a 1-Amp ATC-type fuse
and fuse holder. This wire MUST be connected at the (#9) Positive Battery Sense Terminal.
A female quick connect plug has been pre-attached on the terminal (#9) pin. To complete
installation of the sense circuit:
9
7
8
5
6
1. Identify the favored location for battery sensing. In most instances, the positive output of the alternator, the common side of
2.
3.
a battery switch, or the positive post of the battery being charged will work best. If the batteries are connected to a battery
isolator, the positive sense wire must be connected to the battery side of the isolator, preferably at the larger of the battery
banks.
Attach the included wiring pigtail with 1-amp fuse to a length of wire of sufficient length to reach the desired sensing
location. If the length of the wire between the regulator and the sensing location is 8’ or less, a 16-gauge wire is
satisfactory. If the wire exceeds 8’, increase the wire size to 14 gauge.
Remove the female 1/4” spade terminal from the terminal (#9) pin. Crimp the spade terminal to the sense wire and
reconnect the spade to the (#9) pin.
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Tech Service is available Monday - Friday (8:30am - 7:30pm EST)
4
2
1
Install Battery #1 Temperature Sensor
The optional Battery Temperature Sensor (MC-TS-B) allows your Max Charge MC-614 voltage regulator to monitor your battery
bank for changes in battery temperature, adjust charging voltages to compensate for battery temperature, and respond to a
battery over-temperature condition by discontinuing charging. The MC-TS-B sensor includes a 20’ cable, a sensing attachment,
lug and positive and negative regulator plug-in connectors. To install the MC-TS-B:
1. Connect the sensor lug to the battery negative post closest to the center of the battery bank. Extend sensor cable to the
regulator.
2. Connect the temperature sensor to the Bat. #1 Temp. terminals on the regulator. It is essential that the terminals are
connected to the correct pin. Connect the RED wire to the positive terminal (#8) and the BLACK wire to the negative
Magnetic
terminal (#7).
Reed Switch
Install WHITE Stator-In And Tach-Out Wires
When an electric tachometer is used, the alternator’s stator output will provide the electrical pulse needed to drive17the
tachometer. The MC-614 has been designed to provide regulated tach output when the WHITE stator wire is connected to the
16
regulator’s Stator In (#12) terminal and the out feed wire to the electric tachometer is connected to the Tach Out terminal
(#13)
terminal. *Not required for magnetic pick-up Tachs.
Stator output can also be used to detect alternator failure. See Page 10 for details.
When the tachometer is connected via the MC-614, the regulator will ensure that the tachometer will not discontinue supplying
field current when the batteries are fully charged. When connecting the tachometer to the alternator stator output, it will be
necessary to determine the number of poles in the alternator in order to properly adjust
your tachometer. Most Balmar alternators feature 12-pole rotors and stators, though, in
14
15
some cases, the pole count may be 14. See alternator manual for specifics. See your
13
tachometer manual for adjustment instructions.
12
10
Install Battery #2 Temperature Sensor
Your Max Charge MC-614 voltage regulator can accommodate a secondary battery
temperature sensor. Used in conjunction with an optional MC-TS- B battery temperature
sensor, the regulator can monitor temperature at a secondary battery bank and respond
to a battery over-temperature condition by discontinuing charging.
To install a secondary battery temperature sensor:
11
3
2
9
7
8
5
6
1. Connect the temperature sensor to the secondary battery bank following the directions provided for the primary battery
temperature sensor.
2. Connect the temperature sensor to the Bat. #2 Temp. terminals on the regulator. It is essential that the terminals are
connected to the correct pin. Connect the RED wire to the positive terminal (#15) and the BLACK wire to the negative
terminal (#14).
Data TX and Data RX
Data TX and RX circuits provide a connection point with outside monitoring equipment. At this time, the Data TX and RX circuits
are only for factory use.
Install Aux. 1 Lamp
The Max Charge MC-614 regulator’s Aux. #1 (#16) terminal provides the ability to use a visual indicator when the regulator is
operating under the following conditions: Full field (the alternator is working at full power) and Small Engine Mode (the regulator
is being controlled at 50% field output). When a described condition is detected, the regulator sends the Aux. #1 terminal from
CAUTION: Reversing the polarity of the terminal connections on any of the alternator or battery
temperature sensors can result in invalid sensing and potential damage to alternators, regulator
and/or batteries.
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Tech Service is available Monday - Friday (8:30am - 7:30pm EST)
5
4
1
neutral to ground. To utilize the Aux. #1 Lamp function:
1. Connect a small LED or incandescent lamp (maximum current flow is 500 mA) to a
positive voltage source.
2. Connect the negative terminal on the lamp to the Aux. #1 terminal on the regulator.
Install Dash Lamp
Magnetic
Reed Switch
The Max Charge Dash Lamp (#17) terminal provides the ability to activate a visual or
audible indicator when the regulator monitors the following conditions: Low system
voltage, high system voltage, high alternator temperature, high battery temperature
(temperature conditions are only indicated when appropriate temperature sensors are
connected) and no voltage on stator, indicating that the alternator has failed. When
a described condition is detected, the regulator sends the Dash Lamp terminal from
neutral to ground. To utilize the Dash Lamp function:
17
16
4
1. Connect a small LED or incandescent lamp, or an audible (piezo) alert (maximum current flow is 500 mA) to a positive
voltage source.
14
2. Connect the negative terminal on the lamp or audible alert to the Dash Lamp terminal on the
regulator.
12
3. When connected, the lamp should flash at regulator start-up to indicate
10
active status.
15
3
13
11
Lamp Connections
2
9
Magnetic Reed Switch
7
8
1
Looking much like a small thermometer atop the regulator’s circuit board, the
5
6
magnetic reed switch provides a durable, sealed interface that enables the user
To Aux 1
to set basic and advanced regulator programming features. Included with the
To Battery +
or Dash Lamp
regulator is a small screwdriver that doubles as the regulator’s programming
tool. A small magnet embedded in the top of the screwdriver’s handle allows the user to activate the magnetic reed switch.
By holding the magnet to the RED dot located at the end of the reed switch, the tool allows the user to scroll through the
regulator’s various program modes and individual program selections.
Initial Pre-Flight Test And Start-Up
When the regulator is properly mounted and the regulator
wiring is installed, the MC-614 is ready for pre-flight
testing. Before turning on the engine, it’s advisable to
10
35-32
360-4
00
35-61
net
check voltages at the following terminal connections to
-4
r.
0
a
6
3
.balm
www
ensure that the wiring is correct. Test #1 verifies proper
voltage values with the regulator turned off. Test #2
verifies the expected voltages with the regulator turned
on.
Note: If the regulator’s BROWN ignition wire is receiving it’s switched source of voltage from an oil pressure switch, it may
be necessary to start the engine before applying test #2. If the engine must be run to accomplish test #2, be sure that the
alternator is properly cabled on both positive and negative sides to the battery being charged. Failure to do so could result in
damage to the regulator and alternator.
Using your hand-held multi-meter, test the following wiring terminals for voltage:
R
R
TEST #1: Engine/Ignition Off
•
•
•
•
Primary RED Power Wire (Terminal #2) >12V
Positive Voltage Sense Wire (Terminal #9) >12V
BROWN Ignition Wire (Terminal #3) OV
Primary BLUE Field Wire (Terminal #4) OV
• Positive Voltage Sense Wire (Terminal #9) >12V
• BROWN Ignition Wire (Terminal #3) >12V
• Primary BLUE Field Wire (Terminal #4) 4-12V
TEST #2: Engine/Ignition ON
• Primary RED Power Wire (Terminal #2) >12V
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6
Regulator Operation
The MC-614 regulator’s microprocessor controlled charging system uses a sophisticated, multi-stage profile to deliver
maximum charging output, while protecting the batteries from overcharging damage. When the regulator is first turned on, the
processor performs a quick one-second self diagnostic assessment. Following that diagnostic, the MC-614 initiates the selected
battery charge program. Note that the Factory-set default values mentioned below correspond to the UFP battery program
which is enabled by default. The battery program is as follows.
1. Start Delay. Controls time between regulator activation and the start of charging. Factory set at one second. User
adjustable with dLc (See page 14)
2. Soft Ramp. Gently increases target voltage from current battery resting voltage to the Bulk Charge stage target at a fixed
1 sec.
60 sec.
18 min.
Up to 6 hrs.
18 min.
18 min.
Up to 6 hrs.
18 min.
Up to 6 hrs.
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Tech Service is available Monday - Friday (8:30am - 7:30pm EST)
7
OAT
CAL
CUL
ATE
D FL
CAL
CUL
ATE
D AB
SOR
PTIO
RAM
N
P TO
FLO
AT
FLO
AT
O AB
SOR
PTIO
ABS
N
ORP
TION
RAM
PT
O AT
Up to 6 hrs.
CAL
CUL
ATE
D FL
OAT
FLO
AT
O FL
RAM
PT
CAL
CUL
ATE
D AB
SOR
PTIO
N
O AB
SOR
PTIO
ABS
N
ORP
TION
RAM
PT
CAL
CUL
ATE
D BU
LK
BUL
K
SOF
T RA
MP
STA
RT D
ELA
Y
rate of 0.04 volts per second. This stage typically takes 1-2 minutes to complete.
3. Bulk Charge. The most aggressive of the charging stages. Target voltage is held to a preset level for a set time period,
both of which are specified by the battery program selected. Factory-set values are 14.1 Volts for 0.3 hours (18 minutes),
and are adjustable with bv and b1c, respectively (See page 14).
4. Calculated Bulk Charge. Target voltage is maintained at Bulk level. The regulator calculates battery condition by
constantly monitoring field duty cycle, battery sense voltage, and an internal timer. Depending on these conditions, the
regulator will stay in Calculated Bulk stage between 2 seconds and a fixed 6 hour time limit. If the 6 hour limit is exceeded it
will automatically transition to the following stage. The field duty cycle target (FBA) is user adjustable. Factory set default is
65% (See page 15).
5. Ramp to Absorption. Gradually changes the target voltage from the current battery sense voltage to the Absorption
Charge stage target at a fixed rate of 0.02 volts per 7 seconds. This stage typically takes 1 minute to complete.
6. Absorption Charge. The alternator output is held at a set voltage for a set time period, specified by the battery program
selected. Factory-set values are 13.9 volts for 0.3 hours (18 minutes) and are adjustable with Av and A1c, respectively (See
page 14).
7. Calculated Absorption Charge. Target voltage is maintained at the Absorption Charge level. The regulator calculates
battery condition by constantly monitoring field duty cycle, battery sense voltage, and an internal timer. Once all conditions
are met, the regulator will transition to the next stage. The time duration of this stage is between 2 seconds and 6 hours,
depending upon battery condition. If the 6 hour limit is exceeded the regulator will automatically transition to the following
stage. The field duty cycle target (FBA) is user adjustable. Factory set default is 65% (See page 15).
8. Ramp to Float. Gradually changes the target voltage from the current battery sense voltage to the Float Charge stage
target at a fixed rate of 0.02 volts per 3 seconds. This stage typically takes about 1 minute to complete.
9. Float Charge. The alternator output is held at a preset voltage for a set time period, again, specified by the battery program
selected. Factory-set defaults are 13.4 volts for 0.3 hours (18 minutes), adjustable with Fv and F1c, respectively (See page
14 & 15).
10.Calculated Float Charge. Target voltage is maintained at the Float level. The regulator can respond to an increased
charge demand by reverting to the Absorption Charge stage if the conditions warrant. The battery condition is judged
by constantly monitoring field duty cycle, battery sense voltage, and an internal timer. The regulator will stay in the
Calculated Float charge stage a minimum of 2 seconds and up to 6 hours. If the 6 hour limit is exceeded the regulator will
automatically revert to the absorption charge stage. The field duty cycle threshold (FFL) is user adjustable. Factory set
default is 65% (See page 15).
18 min.
Up to 6 hrs.
Isolated Ground Terminal
MUST be connected to system ground
Positive Battery Sense
(Required for Internal Regulator Only)
HOUSE BATTERY
BANK
+
1A
Ignition
Connector 1
17
16
14
15
12
13
10
11
Co
nn
ect
or
2
4
3
10A
2
9
7
8
5
6
D+
External Regulator
Plug
Positive Output
Terminal
1
Balmar Regulators
Preset, Multi-Stage Battery Programs
Part Number:
Universal Factory Program, Deep Cycle
Flooded, Gel Cell, Absorbed Glass Mat
(AGM) and Spiral Wound Flooded (Optima)
Digital
Dual
Duo
Engine
12 Volt
24 Volt
Charge Centerfielder
ARS-5 MC-614 MC-612-DUAL MC-624 DDC-12/24 CFII-12/24
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
-
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
AT-Series Alternator (165A-200A)
-
Yes
Yes
-
Yes
Yes
9-Series Large Case Alternators (140A-310A)
-
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Dual Engine, One Alternator Each
-
Yes (qty 2)
-
Yes (qty 2)
Yes
Yes
Single Engine, Two Alternators
-
-
Yes
Yes (qty 2)
Yes
Yes
Standard Flooded, Halogen Systems, Lithium
Balmar Alternator Models
6-Series Alternators (70A-150A)
Multiple Alternator/Engine Configurations
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8
Regulator Display Modes - Short Display / Long Display
The regulator’s three digit alphanumeric LED display provides a scrolling view of charging status. Under normal operation,
the display will indicate the following:
BAL Indicates Balmar
614 Indicates Model MC-614
UFP Indicates regulator’s default Universal Factory Program. Display will vary based on program selected.
b-0 Indicates the regulator’s Belt Load Manager setting. Ranges from b-0 to b-9
-b- Indicates stage of charge. “-b-” indicates bulk. “-A-” indicates absorption. “-F-” indicates float. “-r-” indicates ramp.
bv Indicates system Battery Voltage. Followed by actual voltage reading.
Cv Indicates Calculated Voltage (Target voltage based on preset program levels). Followed by voltage reading.
b1 Indicates Battery #1 Temperature. Followed by NC (not connected), or temperature in Celsius.
AL Indicates Alternator #1 Temperature. Followed by NC (not connected), or temperature in Celsius.
b2 Indicates Battery #2 Temperature. Followed by NC (not connected), or temperature in Celsius.
In addition to the information provided in the basic display shown above, the MC-614 long display provides the following data.
The long display is accessed during basic programming, which will be discussed in the next section of the manual.
FE Indicates the percentage of field output to the alternator. The higher the percentage, the greater the output.
r4.1 Indicates regulator’s software revision code.
SP Indicates internal regulator temperature. Followed by degrees Celsius.
SLP Indicates, in millivolts, the value used to control voltage compensation for battery temperature.
Hr. Indicates overall regulator hours. Followed by hours and hours in hundreds of hours.
FbA Indicated field threshold from bulk to absorption. Factory set at 65%. Adjust in advanced programming mode.
FFL Indicates field threshold from float to absorption.
E Indicates System advisory codes. Individually numbered codes are defined below.
The following advisory codes can be used to determine possible system errors or to identify specific operational modes. Note
that E codes are cumulative and will be held in memory until cleared. Codes can be cleared by entering dSP and letting it save.
Display settings DO NOT need to be changed. See basic
programming for more info.
E10 BATTERY #1 SENSOR
CABLE SHORTED
E11 BATTERY #1 TEMP. SENSOR
CABLE OPEN OR NOT FOUND
E12 BATTERY #2 TEMP. SENSOR
CABLE SHORTED
E13 BATTERY #2 TEMP. SENSOR
CABLE OPEN OR NOT FOUND
E14 ALTERNATOR #1 TEMP.
SENSOR CABLE SHORTED
E15 ALTERNATOR #1 TEMP.
SENSOR CABLE OPEN OR NOT
FOUND
E20 BATTERY #1 TOO HOT OVER
55°C. FACTORY DEFAULT
E21 BATTERY #2 TOO HOT. OVER
55°C. FACTORY DEFAULT
E22 ALTERNATOR TOO HOT.
OVER 107°C
E24 VOLTAGE REGULATOR TOO
HOT. OVER 90°C
E33 BATTERY SENSE DISCONECTED
E41 FIELD VOLTAGE TOO HIGH
E42 STATOR VOLTAGE TOO
HIGH
E51 SMALL ENGINE MODE IS IN
OPERATION
E52 BELT LOAD MANAGER IS IN
OPERATION
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Tech Service is available Monday - Friday (8:30am - 7:30pm EST)
9
Regulator Programming Modes
Using The Magnetic Reed Switch
Control of the MC-614 regulator’s basic and advanced programming modes is provided by a
magnetic reed switch located in the upper left corner of the regulator’s circuit board. The reed
switch provides selectable control of the regulator’s programming without creating an intrusion
point as is common on many other adjustable voltage regulators currently on the market.
A small screwdriver with a magnet embedded in the tip of the handle is included to activate
the magnetic reed switch. While any magnetic tip tool can be used, the Balmar programming
screwdriver does an excellent job as an interfacing tool.
Programming is accomplished by contacting and removing the magnet from the RED dot
affixed to the regulator’s epoxy potting. If the magnet has difficulty activating the reed switch
at that position, try moving it up and down along the length of the reed switch until the RED
light is illuminated at the top of the LED display, between the second and third display digits.
The RED light indicated activation of the reed switch.
Within the basic and advanced programming instructions, activation of the reed switch will be
described by the following actions:
TOUCH/RELEASE - Indicates the action of contacting and immediately removing the magnet from the reed switch
TOUCH/HOLD - Indicates the action of contacting and holding the magnet to the reed switch
Basic Programming
Programming For Battery Type
The MC-614 features selectable programs for the following battery technologies; Standard Flooded (FSb), Deep Cycle Flooded
(FdC), Gel (gEL), AGM (AgL), Optima (OPS), a factory default program (UFP), a program for systems with voltage sensitive
halogen equipment (HAL), and LiFePO4 (LFP).
When activating the programming mode, keep in mind that the regulator will scroll through the basic programming mode three
times before saving and returning to the operational mode. To adjust the regulator for your battery type:
1. Turn on the regulator. This may be accomplished by turning the ignition switch at the panel to the ON position. If the
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
regulator’s BROWN ignition wire is connected to an oil pressure switch, it may be necessary to start the engine to activate
the regulator.
Once the regulator is on and the display is scrolling, TOUCH/HOLD the magnetic end of the programming screwdriver to
the RED dot on the regulator as described above.
Continue to hold the magnet to the RED dot. The letters PRO will appear on the LED.
Continue to hold the magnet to the RED dot. The letters BA will appear on the LED.
Continue to hold the magnet to the RED dot. The LED display will begin to scroll through the various battery codes.
When the desired battery code is displayed, RELEASE the magnet from the RED dot.
The Display will indicate BA once again. At this point, you have the option to re-enter the battery type mode by re-applying
the magnet to the RED dot. Otherwise, the display will cycle to bEL, indicating entry into the Belt Load Manager mode.
Pro INDICATES ENTRY INTO BASIC
PROGRAMMING MODE
gEL INDICATES PROGRAM FOR
DEEP CYCLE GEL BATTERIES
HAL INDICATES PROGRAM
FOR HALOGEN SYSTEMS
bA INDICATES ENTRY INTO
BATTERY TYPE PROGRAM MODE
AgL INDICATES PROGRAM FOR
ABSORBED GLASS MAT BATTERIES
LFP INDICATES PROGRAM
FOR LiFePO4
UFP INDICATES FACTORY DEFAULT
UNIVERSAL FACTORY MODE
OPS INDICATES PROGRAM FOR
SPIRAL WOUND (OPTIMA)
Fdc INDICATES PROGRAM FOR
DEEP CYCLE FLOODED BATTERIES
FSb INDICATES PROGRAM FOR
STD. FLOODED BATTERIES
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LFP LiFeP04 Recommendations
Our LFP program is a generalized version of the recommendations provided by the top LFP battery manufacturers.
For best performance and compatibility, please consult your battery manufacturer and use the regulator’s advanced
programming features to adjust the LFP program as needed. LFP batteries are more sensitive to abuse than a
traditional chemistry battery and can fail catastrophically. It is HIGHLY recommended that the charging system as
a whole be installed or inspected by a qualified marine electrical installer that has experience with Balmar charging
system products and LFP batteries. The LFP profile is intended to work with the battery manufacturer’s battery
management systems (BMS). The LFP profile IS NOT a replacement for a BMS.
Many LiFePO4 batteries have a Battery Management System (BMS) that may disconnect the battery
from the alternator as a protective action or when charging is complete. The regulator must be shut down
before the battery is disconnected .Running an alternator without a battery will damage the alternator
and may damage any attached system. This is doubly true if the battery can be disconnected during
high current charging, causing a load dump. The load dump can easily cause a high voltage spike
which will destroy the alternator’s rectifier, at minimum. This is not a warrantable failure. To reiterate:
THE ALTERNATOR MUST BE SHUT DOWN BEFORE DISCONNECTING THE BATTERY. THE ONLY
SAFE WAY TO SHUT DOWN THE ALTERNATOR IS TO TURN OFF THE REGULATOR. The preferred
method of turning off the regulator is disconnecting the regulator’s ignition (brown) wire, but if used as
an EMERGENCY ONLY shutdown, disconnecting the regulator’s power input (red) wire in addition to the
ignition wire has a very low chance of damaging the regulator.
LFP batteries will readily accept a damaging amount of current. Applying too much charge current
to a LFP battery will, at the very least, permanently damage the battery’s capacity. It is CRITICAL to
ensure that the alternator is not capable of exceeding the maximum continuous charge current rating of
your battery (or batteries). As always, check with your battery manufacturer for specifics. Your battery
manufacturer may supply you with a “C-rate” for charging and discharging. The maximum amount
of charging current your battery can safely handle is determined by multiplying the “C-Rate” by the
capacity of the bank. i.e. 4x 100Ah 12V batteries rated at 0.5C charge = 400 Ah * 0.5C = 200amps MAX.
If your alternator is capable of outputting more current, at any time or condition, than the battery (or
batteries) can handle, you may use the Belt Manager feature on the MC-614 to lower the maximum field
drive output, and thereby lower the maximum alternator output current. See page 10 of your regulator
manual for details and instructions. Be aware that it is not an exact 1:1 correlation between field output
and alternator output, so start with more reduction (lower output) than you think you need and adjust
accordingly.
It is strongly recommended that an alternator temperature sensor (MC-TS-A) be used when charging LFP
batteries. Given the extremely high charge acceptance rate of LFP batteries, the alternator will be driven
to full output for almost all of the charge cycle. This can cause overheating in automotive style alternators
resulting in a significantly shortened lifespan. When equipped with the MC-TS-A temperature sensor,
the MC-614 will help you protect your investment by performing active alternator temperature control.
This is accomplished by scaling back the field voltage to the alternator when over the “AL1” temperature
threshold. If you cannot use an MC-TS-A in your application, you should monitor the alternator’s
temperature (measure as close to the loop ends of the stator as possible) and discontinue charging if the
alternator temperature rises above the maximum recommended level. You may also use the Belt Manager
feature on your MC-614 to reduce maximum output until a tolerable alternator temperature is maintained
under all conditions.
Most LFP battery manufacturers specify minimum and maximum charging temperatures to be from
freezing (32°F, 0°C) to around 111°F (44°C). Again, consult with your battery manufacturer for specifics.
When equipped with a MC-TS-B, the MC-614 can disable charging if the battery temperature exceeds
the “B1L” temperature threshold and re-enable charging when the temperature drops below the threshold.
This feature is meant to supplement, not replace, your BMS’s temperature protection features. “B1L”
should be adjusted to be slightly less than BMS’s temperature threshold. Note that the regulator does not
have the capability to prevent charging during low temperatures.
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11
Regulator Programming Flow Chart (More details can be found on pages 9-14)
“PRO”
Entered
Program
Mode
“bA”
Battery
Type
“bEL”
Belt Load
Manager
“UFP”
“FdC”
“gEL”
“AgL”
“OPS”
“FSB”
“HAL”
“LFP”
Universal
Factory
Program
Flooded
Deep
Cycle
Battery
Gel
Battery
AGM
Battery
Optima
Spiral Cell
Battery
Flooded
Standard
Battery
Halogen
Lighting
Profile
LiFeP04
“b-0”
“b-1”
“b-2”
“b-3”
“b-4”
“b-5”
“b-6”
“b-7”
“b-8”
“b-9”
100%
Field
Max
95%
Field
Max
90%
Field
Max
85%
Field
Max
80%
Field
Max
75%
Field
Max
70%
Field
Max
65%
Field
Max
60%
Field
Max
55%
Field
Max
“PrA”
“Ab2”
Alt./Bat.
Sensor
“AL2”
“b2”
2nd
Alternator
Sensor
Mode
2nd
Battery
Sensor
Mode
Entering
Advanced
Programming
“dLC”
Start Delay
“AHL”
High Voltage Limit
“CL”
Compensation Limit
“bv”
“bv”
“dSP”
Display
Mode
“Sd”
“Ld”
Short
Display
Mode
Long
Display
Mode
Bulk Voltage
Voltage
Bulk
“b1C”
Fixed Bulk Time
“Av”
Absorb Voltage
“bdL”
Alternator
Failure
Advisory
“---”
Advanced
Programming
“Password”
Entry
“OFF”
“ON”
Stator
Output
Monitoring
OFF
Stator
Output
Monitoring
ON
“A1C”
Fixed Absorb Time
“Fv”
Float Voltage
“F1C”
Fixed Float Time
“AP1”
“AP2”
“AP3”
“AP4”
“AP5”
“ALL”
Low Voltage Limit
“FbA”
Looped
3 Times?
Field Threshold (Bulk Absorb)
“FFL”
“SAV”
Yes
Field Threshold (Float)
Save &
Reset
“AL1”
Max Alternator Temp.
“b1L”
Max Battery Temp.
“SLP”
Slope Voltage Compensation
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12
Programming The Belt Load Manager
The MC-614 provides the ability to manage regulator field potential, making it possible to govern the horsepower loads placed
on the drive belt(s) by the alternator. The Belt Load Manager can also be used to protect the alternator from extraordinary
load created by a battery load that’s too large for the alternator’s capacity. The Belt Load Manager is accessed in the basic
programming mode, directly after the battery type programming mode. The Belt Load Manager can be accessed at the same
time the battery program is set, or by itself.
When activating the programming mode, keep in mind that the regulator will scroll through the basic programming mode three
times before saving and returning to the operational mode. To adjust the regulator for your battery type:
1. Turn on the regulator. If the regulator’s BROWN ignition wire is connected to an oil pressure switch, it may be necessary to
start the engine to activate the regulator.
2. If the battery type program has been adjusted, TOUCH/HOLD when entry into the Belt Load Manager is indicated by the
3.
4.
5.
6.
bEL display on the regulator’s LED.
If you don’t wish to adjust the battery programming, TOUCH/HOLD the RED dot when the regulator is activated. RELEASE
when the Pro display is indicated. The regulator will indicate bA, for battery type, and will cycle to bEL.
TOUCH/HOLD. The regulator display will indicate b-0 (indicating that the Belt Load Manager is off). Continue to HOLD
the regulator display to scroll through seven settings. Each setting decreases the field potential by approximately seven
percent.
RELEASE when the display indicates your desired level of field reduction. The display will cycle to bEL. You can re-activate
to change your selection, or wait until the regulator cycles to the next programming mode.
If no other changes are made to the Belt Load Manager program, the regulator will cycle to the next programming mode.
bEL INDICATES ENTRY INTO
BELT LOAD MANAGER MODE
b-3 INDICATES BLM SETTING #3.
FIELD REDUCTION 15%.
b-7 INDICATES BLM SETTING #7.
FIELD REDUCTION 35%.
b-0 INDICATES BLM OFF.
b-4 INDICATES BLM SETTING #4.
FIELD REDUCTION 20%.
b-8 INDICATES BLM SETTING #8.
FIELD REDUCTION 40%
b-1 INDICATES BLM SETTING #1.
FIELD REDUCTION 5%.
b-5 INDICATES BLM SETTING #5.
FIELD REDUCTION 25%.
b-9 INDICATES BLM SETTING #9.
FIELD REDUCTION 45%
b-2 INDICATES BLM SETTING #2.
FIELD REDUCTION 10%.
b-6 INDICATES BLM SETTING #6.
FIELD REDUCTION 30%
Programming For Short or Long Display Mode
You can choose the amount of information displayed on the regulator. The information displayed on the short or long display is
detailed on Page 8 of the manual. To adjust the regulator for short or long display:
1. TOUCH/HOLD when entry into the short/long display selector is indicated by dSP on the regulator’s LED.
2. The regulator display will indicate codes Sd (for short display) or Ld (for long display).
3. RELEASE when the display indicates your desired display mode. The display will cycle to dSP. You can re-activate to
change your selection, or wait until the regulator cycles to the next programming mode.
dSP INDICATES ENTRY INTO SHORT
OR LONG DISPLAY MODE
Sd INDICATES SHORT
DISPLAY MODE
Ld INDICATES LONG
DISPLAY MODE
Programming For Alternator Failure Advisory Mode (BDL)
The regulator provides a ground signal on the dash lamp terminal when the following conditions occur: low battery voltage
(<12.7V), high battery voltage (>15.5V), high battery temperature (<52°C), or high alternator temperature (105°C). In
addition, the user has the option to send the dash lamp ground in the event that the stator output drops to zero volts. The
Regulator’s Default bdL setting is ON. Monitoring stator output is an optional function which can be turned on or off in the basic
programming mode. The regulator’s default setting for the bdL mode is ON, meaning that the stator output is being monitored.
This function can be used in conjunction with a relay to control a charge indicator lamp.
1. To enable or disable the stator monitoring function, activate and hold when the bdL mode is indicated.
2. Release when the desired setting is shown. NOTE: Stator wire must be connected to the regulator’s Stator-In terminal to
use this function.
bdL INDICATES ENTRY INTO
ALTERNATOR FAILURE
ADVISORY MODE
OFF STATOR OUTPUT
MONITORING OFF
ON STATOR OUTPUT
MONITORING ON
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13
Advanced Programming Modes
Accessing The Advanced Programming Mode
The MC-614 provides a broad range of advanced user adjustments in it’s password-protected Advanced Program Mode. The
Advanced Program mode is accessed via the Basic Program mode. To access the Advanced Program mode:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
With the regulator activated, TOUCH/HOLD the magnet to the RED dot on the regulator’s epoxy potting.
The regulator will cycle to PRO. RELEASE the magnet from the switch.
The regulator will cycle through all of the Basic Program modes; bA, bEL, dSP, and bdL followed by three dashes.
TOUCH/HOLD when the three dashes are displayed. The dashes will be replaced by AP0 followed by AP1, and so on.
When the display indicates AP5, RELEASE.
The display will cycle to PrA, indicating entry into the Advanced Programming mode.
Pro INDICATES ENTRY INTO
PROGRAM MODE
dSP INDICATES SELECTION MODE
FOR SHORT/LONG DISPLAY
AP1 INDICATES ENTRY INTO
PASSWORD MODE FOR AP MODE
bA INDICATES SELECTION
MODE FOR BATTERY TYPE
bdL INDICATES ALTERNATOR
FAILURE ADVISORY (BDL)
AP5 INDICATES PASSWORD FOR
ADVANCED PROGRAM MODE
bEL INDICATES SELECTION
MODE FOR BELT LOAD
MANAGER
--- INDICATES ENTRY INTO
PASSWORD MODE FOR AP MODE
PrA INDICATES ENTRY INTO THE
ADVANCED PROGRAM MODE
Making Advanced Programming Adjustments
Once accessed, the Advanced Program mode allows the user to adjust time, voltage and temperature setting for the active
battery program. Adjustments made are semi-permanent meaning they will be saved until the battery program is changed. All
defaults shown below are for the UFP program and will vary depending on which program you have selected. To change the
settings TOUCH/HOLD the magnet to the RED dot on the epoxy potting when the desired mode is indicated. When the reed
switch is engaged, the values for the various modes will scroll upward or downward. To reverse the direction of scroll:
1. REMOVE the magnet from the reed switch.
2. Wait for the mode indicator to be displayed.
3. TOUCH/HOLD when the mode indicator is displayed. The values for that mode will begin to scroll in the opposite direction.
Continue to HOLD until the desired value is displayed.
4. REMOVE the magnet from the RED dot. The mode indicator will be displayed again, followed by the indicator for the next
Advanced Programming mode.
The Advanced Programming Modes are as follows:
(PrA) Advanced Program Mode. Once the correct password is used to unlock the Advanced Program mode,
the PrA display will be immediately followed by Advanced Programming modes. The Advanced Programming
modes include:
(dLc) Start Delay. Controls time from regulator activation to start of charging. Factory preset at one second.
Adjustable to a maximum of 200 seconds.
(AHL) High Voltage Limit. Controls high voltage alarm threshold. Adjustment spans from cl to 16 volts.
Default is 15.2 volts adjustable in .1 volt increments. See information for Battery Equalization for more details
on AHL adjustment.
(CL) Compensation Limit. Controls maximum allowable temperature compensated system voltage.
Adjustment spans from bv to AHL. Default is 14.8 volts. Adjustable in .1 volt increments.
(bv) Bulk Voltage. Controls the target voltage for bulk charge mode. Adjustment spans from Av to cL. Default
is 14.1 volts adjustable in .1 volt increments.
(b1c) Bulk Time. Controls minimum time in Bulk Mode before entering Calculated Bulk. Standard value set is
.3 hours (18 minutes). Settings are from 6 minutes to 6 hours. Adjustable in .1 hrs (6 minute) increments.
(Av) Absorption Voltage. Controls the target voltage for absorption charge mode. Adjustment spans from Fv
to bv. 13.9 V default, adjustable in .1 volt increments
(A1c) Absorption Time. Controls minimum time in Absorption Mode before entering Calculated Absorption.
Standard value set is .3 hours (18 minutes). Settings are from 6 minutes to 6 hrs. Adjustable in .1 hrs (6
minute) increments.
(Fv) Float Voltage. Controls the target voltage for float stage. Adjustment spans from ALL to Av. Default is 13.4
volts, adjustable in .1 volt increments.
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(F1c) Float Time. Controls minimum time in Float Mode before entering Calculated Float. Standard value set is .3
hours (18 minutes). Settings are from 6 minutes to 6 hrs. Adjustable in .1 hrs (6 minute) increments.
(ALL) Low Voltage Limit. Allows user control of regulator’s low voltage limit. Spans between 10 volts and Fv.
Dropping below ALL causes Dash Lamp to turn on. Default is 12.7 volts in .1 volt increments.
(FbA) Field Threshold - Bulk and Absorption. Controls the field output threshold required to cycle from Bulk
to Absorb and Absorb to Float. Factory set at 65% of field output. Raising “FbA” shortens calculated bulk and
absorption charge time. Adjusted in 1% increments. Span of adjustment is 16% to 96%.
(FFL) Field Threshold - Float to Absorption. Controls the field output threshold required to cycle from float to
absorption charging modes. Factory set at 65%. Raising “FFL” increases calculated float charge time. Adjusted in
1% increments. Span of adjustment is 16% to 96%.
(AL1) Alternator Temperature Threshold. Controls the Alternator over temperature set point. Requires MC-TS-A
temperature sensor to be connected to the Alt. Temp. #1 and/or Alt. #2 temperature sensor terminals. Preset at
100°C. Spans from 60-128°C. Adjustable in 1°C increments.
(b1L) Battery Temperature Threshold. Controls the Battery over temperature set point. Requires MC-TS-B
temperature sensor to be connected to the Bat. Temp. #1 and or Bat. #2 temperature sensor terminals. Preset at
52°C. Spans from 42-56°C. Adjustable in 1°C increments.
(SLP) Slope Voltage Correction. Adjusts the voltage (in millivolts) the regulator uses when monitoring battery
temperature sensing. Can be custom adjusted to meet the needs of unique battery technologies. Consult with
battery manufacturer for specific slope voltage recommendations. Spans from 0 to 8.3 millivolts per degree Celsius.
Default is 6.0 mV/°C. Adjustable in 0.1mV/°C increments.
Battery Equalization
Due to the hazardous nature of equalization (the intentional overcharging of batteries to remove sulfation from the battery
plates) we strongly recommend that the process be done at the dock with a voltage-adjustable shorepower charger. If it is
absolutely impossible to do so, equalization can be done with the alternator and regulator by doing the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
In Advanced programming, Pra, change the following values.
Cl to a voltage above the desired equalize voltage.
AHL to a voltage above the desired equalize voltage.
Bv to the desired equalize voltage.
Blc to the desired equalize time.
Disconnect ALL battery temperature sensors.
YOU MUST MONITOR THE BATTERIES DURING EQUALIZE PROCESS!
Once the equalization is complete, activate the regulator’s basic programming and reset the battery program
mode to UFP, and allow the program to save. Once saved, access the basic programming mode again and reset
for the desired battery program.
WARNING: EQUALIZATION IS A MANUAL PROCESS WITH POTENTIAL DANGERS.
DO NOT LEAVE SYSTEM UNATTENDED.
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15
Default Program Settings By Battery Type
UFP
Fdc
gEL
AgL
OPS
FsB
HAL
LFP
START DELAY (SECS.)
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
HIGH VOLTAGE LIMIT (VOLTS)
15.2
15.6
15.1
15.4
15.6
15.4
15.0
14.8
COMPENSATION LIMIT (VOLTS)
14.8
14.8
14.8
14.8
14.8
14.8
14.8
14.8
BULK VOLTAGE
14.1
14.6
14.1
14.4
14.6
14.4
14.0
14.3
BULK TIME (MINIMUM)
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
6 MIN
ABSORPTION VOLTS
13.9
14.4
13.9
14.2
14.4
14.2
13.8
13.6
ABSORPTION TIME (MINIMUM)
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
FLOAT VOLTS
13.7
13.4
13.7
13.4
13.4
13.4
13.5
13.4
FLOAT TIME (MINIMUM)
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
18 MIN
FLOAT TIME (MAX FIXED)
6 HRS
6 HRS
6 HRS
6 HRS
6 HRS
6 HRS
6 HRS
6 HRS
LOW VOLTAGE LIMIT (VOLTS)
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
12.7
MAX BAT. TEMP.
125°F/52°C
125°F/52°C
125°F/52°C
125°F/52°C
125°F/52°C
125°F/52°C
125°F/52°C
111°F/44°C
MAX ALT. TEMP.
212°F/100°C
212°F/100°C
212°F/100°C
212°F/100°C
212°F/100°C
212°F/100°C
212°F/100°C
212°F/100°C
BAT. TEMP. COMPENSATION
6.0mV/°C
6.0mV/°C
5.0mV/°C
3.8mV/°C
5.0mV/°C
6.0mV/°C
5.0mV/°C
0.0mV/°C
Additional Regulator Features
Small Engine Mode
In situations where additional power is needed for propulsion, the MC-614 provides the option to manually
reduce regulator field output by approximately one half. This option, called Small Engine Mode, can be
accessed by shorting the positive and negative Alternator #1 Temperature Sensor terminals. This can be
done by splicing into the positive and negative wires of the Alternator Temperature Sensor cable (MC-TS-A)
with a switched wire. With the switch in the OFF position, the Alternator #1 Temperature Sensor will work
normally. With the switch in the ON position, the regulator will reduce field output by approximately 50%.
To enable the Small Engine Mode:
1. If the Alternator Temperature Sensor cable is being used, replace the female terminal connectors on
the cable with Multi-Stack Connectors (Ancor Part # 230612).
2. Install a standard ON/OFF switch in a location that’s easily reached from the helm.
3. Run wires from the switch back to the positive and negative terminals of the Alternator #1 Temperature Sensor terminals
( #5 and #6).
4. Add appropriate connectors to the switched wires and connect to the positive and negative terminal connections.
Dash Lamp
The MC-614 provides a Dash Lamp circuit that’s capable of providing a signal to a user supplied and installed audible or visual
alert if the following issues were to occur while the regulator is in operation:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Low Battery Voltage <12.8V Adjustable with “ALL.” (See Page 12)
High Battery Voltage >15.5V Adjustable with “AHL.” (See Page 11)
High Alternator Temperature 225°F Adjustable with “AL1.” (See Page 12 Requires installation of MC-TS-A sensor)
High Battery Temperature >125°F Adjustable with “B1L.” (See Page 12 Requires installation of MC-TS-B sensor)
Alternator Failure (No voltage on stator if bdL is enabled)
Regulator Overtemp Fixed 90°C
Aux #1 Lamp
The MC-614 provides an Auxiliary Lamp circuit that’s capable of providing a signal to a user supplied and installed audible or
visual alert to indicate the following while the regulator is in operation:
• Small Engine Mode is activated
• Regulator is at full field
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16
System Troubleshooting
Regulator Troubleshooting
The majority of charging difficulties can be attributed to damage, corrosion or wear at wiring, fusing or wiring connections.
Before attempting to troubleshoot alternator or regulator issues, be sure to address the following:
1. Remove and clean all charging system electrical connections (positive and negative). Check the voltage regulator’s
harness for continuity. Wires and terminals can and will become corroded, and need to be cleaned or replaced. Ensure
that the regulator’s ground wires are provided with a clean connection to system ground.
2. Inspect and replace 10A and 1A ATC type fuses in the regulator wiring harness if fuse appear to be damaged or
corroded. Ensure that the fuse holder is also free of corrosion.
3. Charge all batteries to their proper fully charged state, and determine if they are serviceable. If your batteries are
flooded-type, use your hydrometer to determine their condition.
4. Check and tighten alternator belt. If the belt show signs of wear or damage, replace it. Always replace existing belts with
the finest quality replacements available.
If batteries and wiring are in suitable condition, use the following tests to determine if charging problems are a result of a faulty
alternator or regulator. These tests provide an opportunity to isolate the alternator, regulator and wiring harness in order to
determine the problem source. In order to perform these tests, you will need an independent DC meter (preferably a digital
type). In an emergency, a 12V light bulb or test light can be used to help determine if power or working grounds exist. An amp
meter and a battery hydrometer with a thermometer are also helpful diagnostic tools.
Voltage Regulator Testing
Set your voltmeter to 12VDC and connect the negative lead to the BLACK ground wire at the regulator as shown at the diagram
at right.
1. With the ignition turned OFF, check voltage on the RED (power), Voltage Sense (Terminal #9), BLUE (field) and
BROWN (Ignition) wires in the regulator plug.
Voltages should be as follow:
• RED wire equal to battery voltage
• Terminal #9 RED wire equal to battery voltage
• BLUE wire zero volts
• BROWN wire zero volts
2. With the ignition in the ON position (engine not running),
check voltage on the RED (power), Secondary RED on
Terminal #9 (voltage sense) BLUE (field) and BROWN
(ignition) wires in the regulator plug:
•
•
•
•
RED wire equal to battery voltage
Terminal #9 RED wire equal to battery voltage
BLUE wire between 4V and 11V
BROWN wire equal to battery voltage
PLEASE NOTE: In systems where the ignition (BROWN) wire is supplied power via an oil pressure switch, jump directly
from test #1 to test #3.
3. With the ignition in the ON position (with engine running at 1,400 rpm fast idle), check voltage on the RED (power),
Secondary RED on Terminal #9 (voltage sense) BLUE (field) and BROWN (ignition) wires in the regulator plug. Voltages
should be as follows:
• RED wire equal to battery voltage
• Terminal #9 RED wire equal to battery voltage
• BLUE wire between 4V and 11V
• BROWN wire equal to battery voltage
If voltage is not present on the RED, the BROWN and the Positive Battery Sense Wire, the regulator will not work. If voltage is
as expected at the RED the BROWN and Positive Battery Sense wire, and there is zero, or an unexpected voltage reading at
the BLUE wire, contact our technical support staff at +1(360) 435-6100, or e-mail us at balmar@balmar.net.
If all voltages at the regulator meet expectations, yet the alternator is not producing charging current, test the alternator. The
following tests are recommended for determining alternator functionality.
www.balmar.net / Customer Service: +1 (360) 435-6100 x1 / Technical Support: +1 (360) 435-6100 x3
Tech Service is available Monday - Friday (8:30am - 7:30pm EST)
17
Alternator Testing
TEST #1 - The following test is used to isolate the alternator and determine if the failure is a result of the alternator. Once again,
testing at either the alternator or regulator is only effective if the wiring, fusing and batteries have been determined to be in
correct working order. The alternator and regulator can be tested for function by determining if a magnetic field exists at the
alternator’s pulley shaft or rear bearing. To test:
1. With the ignition in the OFF position, place the tip of a non-magnetic steel screwdriver near the nut on the pulley shaft or
near the rear bearing of the alternator. There should be no evidence of a magnetic field pulling the screwdriver toward
the alternator. (A slight amount of magnetism may be present, due to residual voltage in the alternator).
2. Engage the ignition, without starting the engine, to activate the voltage regulator. If an oil pressure switch is used, a
jumper between the RED and BROWN wires in the Ford-style plug will activate the regulator.
3. After allowing time for the regulator’s start-up delay, place the head of a steel screwdriver near the nut on the pulley
shaft or near the rear bearing of the alternator. There should be substantial magnetic pull. If a magnetic field is present,
the voltage regulator, alternator brushes and rotor are likely to be working properly.
If there is little or no magnetic pull at the pulley shaft or at the rear bearing, initiate the following test:
With the key off and the engine off, remove the large harness plug from the regulator.
1. Insert the end of a short length of electrical wire to the RED connector slot of the
regulator harness and the other end of the wire to the BLUE connector slot. This
bypasses the regulator and tests the alternator and the harness.
2. Using your steel screwdriver, inspect for a magnetic field as described above.
3. With your voltmeter, check for voltage on the blue wire at the alternator. If voltage
does not exist, the harness may be at fault. If voltage does exist at the harness,
but no magnetism is present, the alternator is likely to be malfunctioning.
4. If a magnetic field is present. Both harness and alternator brushes and rotor
appear to be working properly. If no magnetic field is present, proceed with the
next test.
Testing the actual output of the alternator is known as “Full Field Testing”. This can be
accomplished by jumping a positive 12VDC current to the field terminal at the rear of the
alternator. This test eliminates both the regulator and the harness, making it easier to isolate your investigation to the alternator.
CAUTION: Ensure that all voltage sensitive equipment is turned off prior to starting the engine. Voltage is unregulated during
this test and could damage sensitive electronics. DO NOT let the engine run any longer than necessary to detect charging.
If the system is not charging, remove the alternator and have it inspected by a qualified alternator shop, or call Balmar for
warranty evaluation. To test the alternator:
1. Clip a jumper wire to the positive post of the alternator, or on the battery side of the isolator (if an isolator is in use). Use
a SHIELDED alligator clip for post attachment. Unintentional contact between the alligator clip and the alternator case
could result in damage to your electrical system.
2. Disconnect the field wire from the rear of the alternator and attach the other end of the jumper wire to the alternator’s
Field terminal (F). CAUTION: Do not allow the wire to contact the case while it is attached to the positive post. The case
may be grounded and severe damage could occur.
2. The regulator is now bypassed. When the ignition is engaged and the motor is started, the voltage should rise and
charging current should be present.
3. The motor should be run long enough to determine that charging voltage is present. Unregulated voltage can rise
quickly. Do not allow extended unregulated charging to occur without carefully monitoring voltage levels. If the alternator
fails to generate voltage during field testing, a malfunction of the alternator is likely. Contact your local alternator repair
shop or Balmar’s technical service staff for recommendations.
Conclusion
If your readings differ substantially from the “expected Readings” listed in the troubleshooting charts, the regulator may be
malfunctioning, or there may be a continuity problem. Contact our technical support staff at +1(360) 435-6100. If you determine
that repair service is necessary for either your alternator or regulator, please gather the following information before contacting
our service technicians: Make and model of alternator. Model of voltage regulator and date of mfg. (date punched on rear side
label of regulator). Voltage readings on RED, BROWN and BLUE wire at regulator with engine off, key on. Voltage readings on
RED, BROWN and BLUE wire at regulator with engine running at a fast ideal 1400rpm.
www.balmar.net / Customer Service: +1 (360) 435-6100 x1 / Technical Support: +1 (360) 435-6100 x3
Tech Service is available Monday - Friday (8:30am - 7:30pm EST)
18
Balmar Warranty
Balmar Limited Warranty
Balmar’s Limited Warranty covers defects in material or workmanship on new Balmar products generally for a period of one (1) year from
the purchase date. Only consumers or dealers purchasing Balmar products from authorized Balmar retailers or resellers and installed
by a qualified installer may obtain coverage under Balmar’s Limited Warranty. Components with a manufacturing date greater than ten
(10) years old are not covered under the Balmar Warranty, even if the purchase date has been within the past two (2) years. Purchase
from unauthorized resellers, which may include some online entities, may not guarantee the purchaser will receive a newly manufactured
component, and therefore does not guarantee Warranty coverage.
Warranty Resolution
If Balmar authorizes a product to be returned to Balmar or an authorized service provider, Balmar will repair the product or replace it without
charge with a functionally equivalent replacement product. Balmar may replace the product with a product that was previously in service
or repaired, but re-tested to meet Balmar specifications. Balmar will pay to ship the replacement product to the purchaser. By sending the
product for replacement, ownership of the original product will be transferred to Balmar. Labor charges at the consumer’s site are not covered
under this Warranty. Balmar warrants that repaired or replaced products shall be covered under the Balmar Warranty for the remainder of the
original product warranty, or 90 days, whichever is greater.
Not Covered Under Warranty
Balmar’s Warranty does not cover any problem that is caused by (a) an accident, abuse, neglect, exposure to shock, electrostatic
discharge, heat or humidity beyond the product’s specifications, improper installation, inappropriate operation/misapplication, maintenance
or modification, or (b) any misuse contrary to the instructions provided with the product, or (c) loss, or (d) malfunctions caused by other
equipment, or (e) acts of God. Examples of conditions not warranted: cracked or broken cases, parts damaged by fire, water, freezing,
lightning, collision, theft, explosion, rust, corrosion, or items damaged in route to Balmar for repair. Balmar’s Warranty is void if a product
is returned with removed, damaged or tampered labels or any other alterations (including removal of any component or external cover) to
the product. Balmar’s Warranty does not cover labor charges or any direct, consequential, or incidental damages. Costs related to recovery
removal or installation are not recoverable under the Balmar Limited Warranty.
Applicable Laws
Balmar’s Warranty is governed by the laws of the State of Alabama, USA. The Balmar Warranty provides the purchaser specific legal rights,
and you may also have other rights that vary from state to state. Balmar’s Warranty does not affect any additional rights consumers have
under laws in their jurisdictions governing the sale of consumer goods, including, without limitation, national laws implementing EC Directive
44/99/EC. Some states do not allow the exclusion of limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the limitation or exclusions of
Balmar’s Warranty may not apply in certain jurisdictions.
Warranty Return Material Process
1. Contact Balmar Technical Support at +1 (360) 435-6100. Tech Support will review the troubleshooting steps with you to help
determine if Balmar’s product is defective.
2. Go to www.balmar.net and download the RMA request.
3. Once complete, you will receive an RMA number, at which point you should complete the forms and send them with the product
and the original receipt showing the date of purchase to Balmar at the address listed below. Please include the RMA number on the
outside of the package.
4. Please send the product postage prepaid via a carrier that can track the package. Note: If you have a 9-Series Alternator to return,
please ship it to our Marysville, WA location.
Balmar LLC
353 James Record Road SW
Huntsville, AL 35824
Attention: Warranty Returns RMA#
Balmar LLC
15201 39th Ave. NE
Marysville, WA 98271
Attention: Warranty Returns RMA#
Once Balmar receives the product, we will test the product to determine if the problem is due to a defect in the product. If, at the sole
discretion of Balmar, the problem is determined to be a manufacturer defect, Balmar will repair the product or send a new product to replace
the defective product.
Balmar will not provide Warranty coverage unless Warranty claims are made in compliance with all the terms listed here, and the specified
return procedures are followed.
For more information, contact Balmar Customer Service or Technical Support at +1(360) 435-6100 or visit the Balmar website at
www.balmar.net. Balmar LLC believes all information herein to be factual and accurate, yet maintains no liability for factual or typographic
error. In addition, Balmar retains the right to revise or update products without notification. Visit the Balmar website for product updates
or bulletins and may apply to your alternator or voltage regulator. No part of this document may be reproduced without express written
permission of Balmar LLC © Copyright 2017.
www.balmar.net / Customer Service: +1 (360) 435-6100 x1 / Technical Support: +1 (360) 435-6100 x3
Tech Service is available Monday - Friday (8:30am - 7:30pm EST)
19
Balmar Knows How To
Charge Your Batteries
Balmar LLC
15201 39th Avenue NE
Marysville, WA 98271
USA
+1 (360) 435-6100
www.balmar.net
CDI Electronics LLC
353 James Record Road SW
Huntsville, AL 35824
USA
+1 (256) 772-3829
www.cdielectronics.com
CDI Electronics designs and manufactures ignition components for
outboard motors and diagnostic software for most Marine Engines. CDI
enjoys relationships with 70 distribution partners around the world. To
Find a CDI distribution partner, visit www.cdielectronics.com.
Both Balmar and CDI Products are manufactured in our ISO
9000-Certified Factory in Huntsville, Alabama.
Please read carefully. All policies, procedures and instructions are subject
to change. This guide was prepared to provide information and does not
constitute a contract. Balmar reserves the right, without prior notice, to
change, delete, supplement, or otherwise amend at any time the information
and policies contained in this guide.
For the most recent information about Balmar’s products, policies and
instructions please visit, www.balmar.net.
© 2017 Balmar LLC