HD30GY12E-335 - LaPlante Compressors

Operating instructions
Industrial Piston Air Compressors
Motor Driven Package
HD30GY12E-335
Pump Model: LP335
Engine: 12 HP
Air Tank: HD30
7502 Mesa Road Houston, TX77028
Telephone: (713) 635-6331
E-mail: service@lapante.com
Web Site: www.laplantecompressor.com
Issue: 08/2010
No.
Contents
Page
Introduction .....................................................................................................................................................1
Unpacking and handling .......................................................................................................................... 2
Appropriate use .............................................................................................................................................4
Symbols used ...................................................................................................................................................5
Symbols used ................................................................................................................................................5
Symbols on the package ..............................................................................................................................6
Safety guide .....................................................................................................................................................8
Technical Data ....................................................................................................................................................... 17
Specification ....................................................................................................................................................... 17
Explode drawing ................................................................................................................................................. 18
Bom list ................................................................................................................................................................ 19
Section I
Pump
Installation instruction ............................................................................................................................................. 1
Technical data .................................................................................................................................................... 1
Outline drawing ................................................................................................................................................. 2
Explode drawing ............................................................................................................................................... 3
Bill of material list ............................................................................................................................................. 4
Operation .................................................................................................................................................................. 14
Parts kits ................................................................................................................................................................... 1
Overhaul Kit ...................................................................................................................................................... 1
Ring Set .............................................................................................................................................................. 1
Valve Set ............................................................................................................................................................. 1
Gasket Set .......................................................................................................................................................... 1
Disassemble pump ............................................................................................................................................. 2
Assemble pump ................................................................................................................................................. 2
Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................................................................ 4
Maintenance ............................................................................................................................................................... 7
General ............................................................................................................................................................... 7
Safety information ............................................................................................................................................. 7
Check oil level .................................................................................................................................................... 8
Check and clean compressor valves ................................................................................................................. 8
Check the safety valve ....................................................................................................................................... 10
Change oil .......................................................................................................................................................... 11
Check and change air filter .............................................................................................................................. 14
Maintenance intervals ....................................................................................................................................... 15
List of Maintenance and service work ............................................................................................................ 16
Section II
Engine
Safety information ..............................................................................................................................................2
Pre-Operation check ..........................................................................................................................................5
Fuel .............................................................................................................................................................. 5
Engine oil ..................................................................................................................................................... 6
Starting the engine ....................................................................................................................................... 7
Stopping the engine ..................................................................................................................................... 9
Periodic maintenance ....................................................................................................................................... 10
Spark plug ..................................................................................................................................................... 11
Engine oil replacement................................................................................................................................... 12
Air filter ......................................................................................................................................................... 13
Fuel filter ....................................................................................................................................................... 13
Muffler screen ............................................................................................................................................... 14
Sparker arrester ........................................................................................................................................... 15
Fuse replacement .......................................................................................................................................... 16
Storage ................................................................................................................................................................ 17
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................................................. 18
Section III
Combination Valve
General ........................................................................................................................................................... 1
Pilot valve ....................................................................................................................................................... 1
Identifying the problem ........................................................................................................................ 1
Adjustment procedure tools ................................................................................................................. 4
Check valve ................................................................................................................................................... 6
Safety information ................................................................................................................................ 6
Section IV
Air Tank
General ............................................................................................................................................................... 1
Safety information ............................................................................................................................................. 1
Check the safety valve ....................................................................................................................................... 2
Condensate ......................................................................................................................................................... 2
Section V
V-Belt
General ............................................................................................................................................................... 1
Safety information ............................................................................................................................................. 1
Maintenance intervals ...................................................................................................................................... 1
List of Maintenance and service work ....................................................................................................... 16
Package
Operation Manual
Introduction
These operating instructions form part of the machine and must be made available to the
compressor operating personnel at all times. In order to receive maximum performance and
long life from your compressor, the following instructions should carefully read and all points
regarding installation and operation of the unit should be noted and observed .careful reading
of this manual, prior to connecting anything to the motor or compressor, will pay dividends in
long term trouble-free operation.
1
Package
Operation Manual
Unpacking and Handling
Occasionally damage will occur during shipping. Be sure to carefully inspect the unit
before unpacking and after unpacking BEFORE you sign the receiver. If any has occurred,
document it with the trucking firm immediately. Contact your LAPLANTE representative for
assistance.
To move your compressor to its installation site we recommend that you leave the unit on
its shipping skid as long as possible. The forks should be extended the width of the
compressor and padding should be placed between the compressor and the fork truck boom.
If it is necessary to lift the compressor with a crane, we recommend the use of spreader bar
and chains. The spreader bar should be greater than the width of the compressor and padding
placed on the edges to prevent chain damage.
DO NOT UTILIZE THE PUMP OR DRIVE AS A LIFT POINT
Procedure for Handling Damaged Shipments
1. The customer, at the receiving point, MUST inspect each shipment for damage.
2. If the shipment is damaged, the customer should so note it on the freight bill.
3. The customer should request an inspector from the freight company to inspect the
equipment immediately. It is best to send a confirming letter with the following
information:
a. Freight bill number.
b. Date delivered - shipper's name & address.
c. Description of item(s) damaged.
d. Description of damage (a Polaroid picture if possible).
e. A copy of your invoice for the equipment.
4. After inspection, (before the inspector leaves):
a. Get a copy of the inspection report.
b. Request the unit be shipped back "free astray".
c. Request a credit for the original freight bill.
5. Call the factory and:
a. Get a Return Material Authorization (RMA number).
b. Give a purchase order for repair. The purchase order should refer to the item and
trucker claim.
2
Package
Operation Manual
6. We will accept the shipment back, repair (under normal conditions) and return it within (7)
seven working days.
7. We will invoice the customer for the repair, which will then become part of your claim.
The Invoice must be presented to the trucking claim department along with their claim
form.
8. We suggest if the trucker does not pay within 30 days that you call and / or write the ICC
making a formal complaint of poor service. Also advise LAPLANTE in writing for
follow-up.
If damage can be repaired at the receiving point, follow Procedure 1, steps 1 through 4a.
Repair the unit and make out a detailed invoice to the trucker showing labor hours, labor
rate, materials used, and cost of materials.
Storage
In some cases it may necessary to store the compressor for extended periods of several
months before placing the unit in operation. When this is required do the following:
Cover and seal all machine openings to prevent the entrance of water and dirt.
Cover all openings in open drip proof motors to prevent the entrance of rodents.
If the storage conditions are below freezing, drain off the tank, traps, and attendant piping.
We do not recommend outside storage.
Cover with a waterproof tarpaulin that can easily be removed for in storage maintenance.
While in storage, every two to three months rotate the compressor and motor by hand to
prevent flat spots on the bearings that will lead to premature failure.
At the end of the storage period, follow the uncrating and start-up procedures. If the unit has
been stored for more than eighteen months you should contact LAPLANTE before restarting
the compressor.
3
Package
Operation Manual
Appropriate use
As standard, LAPLANTE piston compressors are intended for the compression of ambient air.
The air may not contain any aggressive or combustible mixtures.
The pressure chambers of the compressor are oil-lubricated. Therefore, the compressed air
produced may only be used as breathing air or come into contact with food if it has been
treated beforehand.
WARNING
As standard this LAPLANTE piston compressor is not of an explosion-protected design
and it may not be operated in areas subject to explosion hazards!
4
Package
Operation Manual
Symbols used
We have used the following symbols in this text to mark particularly important points:
The
general
warning
sign
indicates
information concerning possible danger to
operator and machine.
The lightning symbol indicates work which
must exclusively be performed by skilled
electricians.
The pointing hand indicates particularly
important statements.
The spanner indicates maintenance work.
Danger is used to indicate the presence of a
hazard, which will cause severe personal
DANGER
injury, death or substantial equipment and
property damage if the warning is ignored.
Warning is used to indicate the presence of a
hazard that can cause severe personal injury,
WARNING
death or substantial equipment and property
damage if the warning is ignored.
Caution is used to indicate the presence of a
hazard that will or can cause personal injury
or equipment and property damage if the
warning is ignored.
Notice is used to notify people of installation,
operation, or maintenance of information that
is important but not hazard related.
5
Package
Operation Manual
Symbols on the compressor
Warning:
Hot surfaces: Do not touch!
Warning:
The unit is operated by remote control, and
might start without warning.
Note:
Instructions for the operating personnel must
be read.
Prohibited:
Never open the valve before the air hose
(connection to the compressed air network) is
connected.
Forbidden
TO remove protective covering and safety
devices
Danger:
Hot or noxious gases outlet: unbreathable
Danger:
High voltage disconnect power source before
servicing
6
Package
Operation Manual
Danger:
Spray injury!
7
Package
Operation Manual
Safety Guide
Compressor Safety Precautions
DANGER
An air compressor is a dynamic piece of machinery needing the same common
sense safety precautions that should be observed with any operating machinery.
Careless operation or maintenance is hazardous to personnel.
WARNING
In addition to the obvious safety rules that should be followed with machinery, we
recommend the following additional safety precautions.
1. Read and understand all instructions completely before operating this compressor.
2. Disengage power mains and disconnect power lines to the machine, if used, prior to
attempting to work or perform maintenance on this unit.
3. Open tank discharge valve and relieve all pressure from tank and compressor lines.
Do not attempt to remove any pressurized system parts without first relieving the
pressure within the unit.
4. Do not attempt to service any part while the machine is in operation.
5. Do not operate the compressor at pressures in excess of its indicated rating on the
compressor nameplate.
6. Do not operate the compressor at speeds in excess of its indicated rating on the
compressor nameplate.
7. Do not remove guards, shields, or screens while the compressor is operating. If
removed for maintenance replace before resuming operation.
8. Observe the delivery pressure gauge daily to be sure the automatic control system
is operating within proper limits.
9. Periodically check all safety and relief devices for proper operation.
10. Do not play with compressed air. Pressurized air can cause serious injury or death
to personnel.
11. Be sure that no tools, rags, or loose parts are left on the compressor or drive parts.
8
Package
Operation Manual
12. Do not use flammable solvents for cleaning parts.
13. Exercise cleanliness during maintenance and when making repairs.
Keep dirt away from parts and exposed openings by covering with a clean cloth or
Kraft paper.
14. Install pressure relief valves in any isolatable piping in the plant system.
15. Do not operate the compressor in areas where there is the possibility of ingesting
flammable or toxic gases.
16. Check pipe for any signs of wear or deterioration before each use and make
certain that all connections are secure.
17. Observe the prescribed maintenance intervals.
18. Only use genuine LAPLANTE parts.
19. Only use LAPLANTE compressor oils and operating material recommended by
LAPLANTE.
20. Strictly observe the effluent disposal laws of your local authority when disposing of
condensate!
Make sure to investigate the code requirements to ensure compliance prior to
operating the compressor.
The owner, lessor, or operator of this compressor is hereby notified and forewarned
that any failure to observe these safety precautions may result in injury, death and/or
property damage.
9
Specification:
Pump:
■Type: LP335
■Cylinders: 2
■Bore of LP : 4.75”/121mm
■Bore of HP : 2.5”/63.5mm
■Stroke: 3”/76mm
■RPM: 908
■Pump Flywheel: 13.75”/349.25mm/2B
Engine:
■Power: 12HP/8.95Kw
■ Electric Control
■RPM: 3600
■Engine Pulley:
Tank:
■ 30Gal/113.6Ltr
■ Max. Pressure: 200Psi
Rating CFM @ 125Psi: 21.95
@ 155Psi: 21.71
@ 175Psi: 22.24
Rating ACFM @ 125Psi: 21.29
@ 155Psi: 21.06
@ 175Psi: 20.57
Standard Package:
■Single : 1 Pcs,Weight: XXXLB/XXXKg
■Crate : xxx Pcs,Weight: xxxLB/xxxxKg
■20’ Container : xxx Pcs
■40’ Container : xxx Pcs
Combination Valve:
■ Combination Valve Control
Package
Pump Operation Manual
Explode drawing
18
Package
Operation Manual
V8051-335 Bill of material list
V8051-335 Parts List
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
LAP#
690008
640021
640058
340007
290042
140100
350015
640000
800098
640025
110261
130104
140103
690024
640034
120114
320021
420002
240023
713235
290056
110281
130103
524004
120108
520028
523028
110260
390000
390001
120115
120109
290038
290014
290053
290013
290037
130116
110285
340018
690014
330023
690009
Description
Valve, Safety; ASME 200PSI 1/4M
Elbow, 90Deg, 1/4M 1/4F
Fitting 1/4 F, 1/4M
Pressure Switch; 140-175 PSI
Quick Connector M22x1.5
Plug, Hex; 1/4M
Gauge, Air; 300 PSI 2" 1/4M Left w/ oil
Nipple; Brass; 1/4M 1/4M
Pump; LP335-6
Elbow 45Deg 3/4M 1-1/16"-12UN M
Bolt HexHead,M10X50
Washer, Flat; 10mm Large
Plug, Hex; 1/8M
Check Valve, Brass; 3/4M 3/4F 1/8F
Nipple, 3/4M 1-1/16"-12UN M
Nut, Compression; 1-16UNF
Tube cooper ø19 O.D.
V-Belt A1600Li 63”
Motor, 5HP 184T 1PH 208-230V TEFC 4P
Pulley; 2BK60H-1 1/8"w/Bushing
Elbow Connector M22X1.5
Bolt, Hexhead; M8×25
Washer, Flat; 8mm Large
Bracket, Belt Guard Top
Nut, Nyloc; M8
Belt Guard Assy
Bracket, Belt guard Bottom
Bolt, Hexhead; M10X80
Tension Block
Tension Plate
Nut, Nyloc; M5
Nut, Nyloc; M10
Cable Clamp M22X1.5
Wire Set Starter
Wire Connector
Wire Set Pressure Switch
Cable Clamp M20X1.5
Washer, Flat; 5mm
Screw Hex Socket Head M5X20
Starter Ass. Magnetic
Ball Valve, Brass; 3/4M 3/4F
Tank, 80G VERT ASME 200 PSI
Ball Valve, Brass; 1/4F 1/4F
19
QTY
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
12
8
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
5
5
1
5
1
2
1
1
1
2
8
1
1
1
1
1
4
2
1
1
1
1
Operating instructions
Industrial piston air compressors
Model: LP335
7502 Mesa Road Houston, TX77028
Telephone: (713) 635-6331
E-mail: service@lapante.com
Web Site: www.laplantecompressor.com
Issue: 06/2010
Contents
Contents
Pump service manual
Page
SECTION Ι ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................1
INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................1
UNPACKING AND HANDLING ...........................................................................................................................................................................................2
APPROPRIATE USE ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................4
SYMBOLS USED ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................5
SYMBOLS USED ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................5
SYMBOLS ON THE COMPRESSOR ..........................................................................................................................................................................................6
SAFETY GUIDE ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................8
SECTION ΙΙ.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................1
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTION ..........................................................................................................................................................................................1
TECHNICAL DATA .................................................................................................................................................................................................................1
EXPLODE DRAWING..............................................................................................................................................................................................................2
BILL OF MATERIAL LIST ........................................................................................................................................................................................................3
INSPECTION ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................5
HEAD UNLOADER ................................................................................................................................................................................................................7
CENTRIFUGAL UNLOADER..............................................................................................................................................................................................11
OPERATION ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................14
SECTION ΙΙΙ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................1
PARTS KITS.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................1
OVERHAUL KIT ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................1
RING SET ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................1
VALVE SET ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................1
GASKET SET .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................1
BOLT TORQUE CHART.........................................................................................................................................................................................................2
DISASSEMBLE PUMP ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................3
ASSEMBLE PUMP..................................................................................................................................................................................................................5
TROUBLESHOOTING ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................7
MAINTENANCE .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................7
GENERAL..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................7
SAFETY INFORMATION .........................................................................................................................................................................................................8
CHECK OIL LEVEL ................................................................................................................................................................................................................8
CHECK AND CLEAN COMPRESSOR VALVES .........................................................................................................................................................................10
CHECK THE SAFETY VALVE ................................................................................................................................................................................................11
CHANGE OIL .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................14
CHECK AND CHANGE AIR FILTER........................................................................................................................................................................................14
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE .............................................................................................................................................................................................15
LIST OF MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE WORK ...........................................................................................................................................................16
Section I
Pump Operation Manual
Introduction
These operating instructions form part of the machine and must be made available to the
compressor operating personnel at all times. In order to receive maximum performance and
long life from your compressor, the following instructions should carefully read and all points
regarding installation and operation of the unit should be noted and observed .careful reading
of this manual, prior to connecting anything to the motor or compressor, will pay dividends in
long term trouble-free operation.
1
Section I
Pump Operation Manual
Unpacking and Handling
Occasionally damage will occur during shipping. Be sure to carefully inspect the unit
before unpacking and after unpacking BEFORE you sign the receiver. If any has occurred,
document it with the trucking firm immediately. Contact your LAPLANTE representative for
assistance.
To move your compressor to its installation site we recommend that you leave the unit on
its shipping skid as long as possible. The forks should be extended the width of the
compressor and padding should be placed between the compressor and the fork truck boom.
If it is necessary to lift the compressor with a crane, we recommend the use of spreader bar
and chains. The spreader bar should be greater than the width of the compressor and padding
placed on the edges to prevent chain damage.
DO NOT UTILIZE THE PUMP OR DRIVE AS A LIFT POINT
Procedure for Handling Damaged Shipments
1. The customer, at the receiving point, MUST inspect each shipment for damage.
2. If the shipment is damaged, the customer should so note it on the freight bill.
3. The customer should request an inspector from the freight company to inspect the
equipment immediately. It is best to send a confirming letter with the following
information:
a. Freight bill number.
b. Date delivered - shipper's name & address.
c. Description of item(s) damaged.
d. Description of damage (a Polaroid picture if possible).
e. A copy of your invoice for the equipment.
4. After inspection, (before the inspector leaves):
a. Get a copy of the inspection report.
b. Request the unit be shipped back "free astray".
c. Request a credit for the original freight bill.
5. Call the factory and:
a. Get a Return Material Authorization (RMA number).
b. Give a purchase order for repair. The purchase order should refer to the item and
trucker claim.
2
Section I
Pump Operation Manual
6. We will accept the shipment back, repair (under normal conditions) and return it within (7)
seven working days.
7. We will invoice the customer for the repair, which will then become part of your claim.
The Invoice must be presented to the trucking claim department along with their claim
form.
8. We suggest if the trucker does not pay within 30 days that you call and / or write the ICC
making a formal complaint of poor service. Also advise LAPLANTE in writing for
follow-up.
If damage can be repaired at the receiving point, follow Procedure 1, steps 1 through 4a.
Repair the unit and make out a detailed invoice to the trucker showing labor hours, labor
rate, materials used, and cost of materials.
Storage
In some cases it may necessary to store the compressor for extended periods of several
months before placing the unit in operation. When this is required do the following:
Cover and seal all machine openings to prevent the entrance of water and dirt.
Cover all openings in open drip proof motors to prevent the entrance of rodents.
If the storage conditions are below freezing, drain off the tank, traps, and attendant piping.
We do not recommend outside storage.
Cover with a waterproof tarpaulin that can easily be removed for in storage maintenance.
While in storage, every two to three months rotate the compressor and motor by hand to
prevent flat spots on the bearings that will lead to premature failure.
At the end of the storage period, follow the uncrating and start-up procedures. If the unit has
been stored for more than eighteen months you should contact LAPLANTE before restarting
the compressor.
3
Section I
Pump Operation Manual
Appropriate use
As standard, LAPLANTE piston compressors are intended for the compression of ambient air.
The air may not contain any aggressive or combustible mixtures.
The pressure chambers of the compressor are oil-lubricated. Therefore, the compressed air
produced may only be used as breathing air or come into contact with food if it has been
treated beforehand.
WARNING
As standard this LAPLANTE piston compressor is not of an explosion-protected design
and it may not be operated in areas subject to explosion hazards!
4
Section I
Pump Operation Manual
Symbols used
We have used the following symbols in this text to mark particularly important points:
The
general
warning
sign
indicates
information concerning possible danger to
operator and machine.
The lightning symbol indicates work which
must exclusively be performed by skilled
electricians.
The pointing hand indicates particularly
important statements.
The spanner indicates maintenance work.
Danger is used to indicate the presence of a
hazard, which will cause severe personal
DANGER
injury, death or substantial equipment and
property damage if the warning is ignored.
Warning is used to indicate the presence of a
hazard that can cause severe personal injury,
WARNING
death or substantial equipment and property
damage if the warning is ignored.
Caution is used to indicate the presence of a
hazard that will or can cause personal injury
or equipment and property damage if the
warning is ignored.
Notice is used to notify people of installation,
operation, or maintenance of information that
is important but not hazard related.
5
Section I
Pump Operation Manual
Symbols on the compressor
Warning:
Hot surfaces: Do not touch!
Warning:
The unit is operated by remote control, and
might start without warning.
Note:
Instructions for the operating personnel must
be read.
Prohibited:
Never open the valve before the air hose
(connection to the compressed air network) is
connected.
Forbidden
TO remove protective covering and safety
devices
Danger:
Hot or noxious gases outlet: unbreathable
Danger:
High voltage disconnect power source before
servicing
6
Section I
Pump Operation Manual
Danger:
Spray injury!
7
Section I
Pump Operation Manual
Safety Guide
Compressor Safety Precautions
DANGER
An air compressor is a dynamic piece of machinery needing the same common
sense safety precautions that should be observed with any operating machinery.
Careless operation or maintenance is hazardous to personnel.
WARNING
In addition to the obvious safety rules that should be followed with machinery, we
recommend the following additional safety precautions.
1. Read and understand all instructions completely before operating this compressor.
2. Disengage power mains and disconnect power lines to the machine, if used, prior to
attempting to work or perform maintenance on this unit.
3. Open tank discharge valve and relieve all pressure from tank and compressor lines.
Do not attempt to remove any pressurized system parts without first relieving the
pressure within the unit.
4. Do not attempt to service any part while the machine is in operation.
5. Do not operate the compressor at pressures in excess of its indicated rating on the
compressor nameplate.
6. Do not operate the compressor at speeds in excess of its indicated rating on the
compressor nameplate.
7. Do not remove guards, shields, or screens while the compressor is operating. If
removed for maintenance replace before resuming operation.
8. Observe the delivery pressure gauge daily to be sure the automatic control system
is operating within proper limits.
9. Periodically check all safety and relief devices for proper operation.
10. Do not play with compressed air. Pressurized air can cause serious injury or death
to personnel.
11. Be sure that no tools, rags, or loose parts are left on the compressor or drive parts.
8
Section I
Pump Operation Manual
12. Do not use flammable solvents for cleaning parts.
13. Exercise cleanliness during maintenance and when making repairs.
Keep dirt away from parts and exposed openings by covering with a clean cloth or
Kraft paper.
14. Install pressure relief valves in any isolatable piping in the plant system.
15. Do not operate the compressor in areas where there is the possibility of ingesting
flammable or toxic gases.
16. Check pipe for any signs of wear or deterioration before each use and make
certain that all connections are secure.
17. Observe the prescribed maintenance intervals.
18. Only use genuine LAPLANTE parts.
19. Only use LAPLANTE compressor oils and operating material recommended by
LAPLANTE.
20. Strictly observe the effluent disposal laws of your local authority when disposing of
condensate!
Make sure to investigate the code requirements to ensure compliance prior to
operating the compressor.
The owner, lessor, or operator of this compressor is hereby notified and forewarned
that any failure to observe these safety precautions may result in injury, death and/or
property damage.
9
Specification:
■Power Range: 3~8HP/2.2~6Kw
■Maximum Pressure: 175Psi/12Bar
■Cylinders: 2
■Bore of LP: 4.75”/121mm
■Bore of HP: 2.5”/63.5mm
■Stroke: 3”/76mm
■ RPM: 400~1000
■Flywhee Dia./Groove: 13.75”/349.25mm/2B
Features:
LP335 Performance (Delivery)
■Cast Iron Crankcase
■Cast Iron Cylinder
■Cast Iron Cylinder Head
■Ductile Iron Crankshaft
■Ductile Iron Conn. Rod
■Head Unloader and Centrifugal Unloader
■Cage Needle Bearings Wrist Pin
■Babbitt Bearings Crankshaft
■Taper Main Bearings
■Steel Breather and Brass Sight Glass
■Power Coated Steel Filter Silencer
■Filled with DAB150 Lubricant
■Synthetic Lubricant as Optional
LP335 Performance (Power)
983
34.5
5.865
29.5
583
19.5
483
4.865
6.5
4.365
5.5
3.865
3.365
4.5
2.865
14.5
500
600
700
800
900
383
3.5
283
2.5
400
1000
2.365
1.865
500
600
RPM
Displacement
Delivery@125psi (8.6 bar)
Delivery@150psi (10.3 bar)
700
800
900
1000
RPM
Delivery@175psi (12 bar)
Power @ 125psi (8.6 bar)
Power @ 150psi (10.3 bar)
Power @ 175psi (12bar)
KW
683
5.365
BHP
CFM
24.5
Liters/Min
7.5
783
9.5
400
Standard Package:
6.365
8.5
883
■Single : 1 Pcs,Weight:145LB/66Kg
■Crate : 10 Pcs,Weight:1538LB/700Kg
■20’ Container : 210 Pcs
■40’ Container : 330 Pcs
Section II
Pump Operation Manual
Explode drawing
2
Section II
Pump Operation Manual
Bill of material list
LP335 Parts List
Item
LAP#
A
010013
B
010014
C
010015
D
010016
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
713007
120066
130076
110133
140038
140036
708008
060300
714004
140037
726003
080033
050800
050801
709008
709100
070185
070191
070291
070186
110129
723007
728006
726010
723008
726002
701011
110126
718006
120069
725005
727040
725005
110124
130073
705202
050148
050146
100103
729003
719031
719034
719030
719029
720006
729004
719142
Description
QTY Item
Overhaul Kit:Include 1 of Item
56,57,B,C,D
Ring Set:Include 1 of Item
42,43,44,47,48,49
Valve Set:Include 1 of Item
62,73,86,88
Gasket Set:Include 1 of Item
17,18,19,20,51,53
Flywheel 13.75" 2B
Fly Wheel Nut 1/2-13
Flywheel Lockwasher 1/2
Pulley Bolt 1/2-13x3 1/2
Oil Filler Plug
Oil Filler Plug Gasket
Base And Cup Assembly
Seal Oil
Oil Level Sight Glass; Copper
Oil drain Plug 3/8" NPT
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Hold Down Cover LP Inlet
Woodruff Key #26
Cone Bearing
1
1
2
Bearing
2
Oil Feeder Ring
1
Crankshaft & Taper bearing (inc. cu 1
End Cover Gasket .005
2
End Cover Gasket .006
1
End Cover Gasket .003
2
End Cover Gasket .0015
2
Rivet
2
Bumper Spring
2
Weight Unloader
2
Holder Unloader
1
Spring
1
Plunger
1
End Cover
1
End Cover Capscrew 5/16-18x1
6
Breather Connector
1
Locknut
1
1
Unloading Tube
Elbow Valve & Unloader
1
Unloading Tube
1
Rod Bolt 5/16-24 x 1 3/8
4
Lockwasher 5/16
4
Connecting Rod
2
Bearing Inserts
4
Needle Bearing Wristpin LP & HP
2
Rollpin LP &HP
1
Wristpin LP
1
Piston LP
1
Oil Conrol Ring LP
Bottom Compression Ring LP
Top Compression Ring LP
1
1
1
Piston HP
Wristpin HP
Oil Control Ring HP
1
1
1
3
LAP#
Description
QTY
48
719033
Bottom Compression Ring HP
1
49
719032
Top Compression Ring HP
1
50
110131
SKT Head Capscrew 5/16-18X1
2
51
070187
Base Gasket
1
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
711004
070190
725003
718016
712134
712113
718011
710002
706006
110127
727034
727021
110139
110128
722008
718202
718012
718013
726004
060075
070189
727023
727020
120068
726007
726006
723011
060076
725006
718014
722009
727058
060074
727025
727038
070188
727039
727022
726005
Cylinder
Head Gasket
Breather Tube
Elbow Breather Connector
Filter Element
Filter
Intercooler Connector
Cylinder Head
Intercooler Assembly
Head Bolt 5/16-18x1
Valve Assembly LP Discharge
Cage L.P. Discharge
Hold Down Cover HP Discharge
Hex head Capscrew 5/16-18x3/4
Safety Valve
T-Fitting(1/4x1/4(M)X1/4)
Tube Ell. 1/4X1/4 NPT
Bushing 3/8 NPT x 1/4 NPT
Plunger
O Ring LP Cover
Valve Gasket HP
Valve Assembly LP Inlet
Cage LP Inlet
Locknut
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
8
1
1
1
8
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
Fingers H.P.
1
Hold Down Cover HP Inlet
Spring
O Ring Plunger
Unloader Tube
Tube Tee 1/4x1/4x1/4 NPT
2
2
2
1
1
Safety Valve
1
Hold Down Cover LP Discharge
O Ring HP Cover
Cage HP Discharge
Valve Seat HP Discharge
Valve Gasket LP
Valve Assembly Hp Inlet
Cage HP Inlet
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
Fingers L.P.
1
Section II
Pump Operation Manual
Installation Instruction
1.
Inspection
Check for possible damage in transit and see that the pulley turns freely by hand Report any damage to
delivering carrier at once.
2.
Location
Select a clean, dry and light location. In cold climates the compressor should be installed in a heated building
Insulate cold water or other low temperature pipes that pass overhead to avoid the possible collection and dripping
of condensate onto the compressor and motor which could cause rusting and or motor shorting Do not install the
compressor in a boiler room, paint spray room or area where sandblasting is carried on. If air in the area where the
compressor is to be installed is acid-laden, or dust laden the compressor intake should be piped to the outside This
intake pipe should be increased one pipe size for every twenty (20) feet of run and the intake filters should be
installed at the end of the pipes with a hood to protect them from the elements.
If the compressor has to be located where the motor will be exposed to appreciable quantities of water, oil dirt, acid or
alkaline fumes the motor must be of special construction to avoid rapid deterioration.
Bolt the unit securely and evenly to a level base. Unless base is exactly level, shims will probably be required.
Any space between base and foot should be shimmed rather than drawing foot down thus placing strain on unit.
When the unit is properly shimmed vibration will be nominal.
Allow sufficient space around compressor so that it is accessible from all sides for maintenance. Mount unit
with pulley side toward the wall. but at least six (6) inches from it.
3.
Starting
A. If compressors are shipped without oil in the crankcase. Before starting. fill crankcase to the high level
mark on the sight glass with LaPlante compressor oil meeting the following specifications.
AMBIENT OR VISCOSITY FLASH
ROOM TEMP. AT 100° F
POINT
°F
S.S.U.
°F (Min.)
POUR
POINT
°F (Min.)
CARBON
RESIDUE
°/o (Max.)
PREFERRED
BASE
55 to 120
490 to 600
430
• 20
15
Naphthenic
32 to 55
290 to 350
390
*5
10
Naphthenic
0 to 32
160 to 230
350
-10
.05
Naphthenic
Above 120 or CONSULT FACTORY
below 0
4
Section II
Pump Operation manual
For operation in damp or humid locations, addition of rust inhibitor is recommended.
B.Turn compressor over a few revolutions by hand to make sure that everything is free and in running condition.
C. Check tension of the belts (See Paragraph 6).
D. Remove tools, rags and any other objects from the vicinity of the compressor.
E. Never put hands on the belts of idle units. unless main power is secured.
F. Note direction of arrow on flywheel and be sure direction of rotation is correct when machine is started Correct
direction is counter-clockwise when standing facing the flywheel. Air should be drawn through inter-cooler onto the
cylinders for maximum cooling
5
Section II
Pump Operation Manual
Head unloader
Cylinder Head and Inlet Valve Unloader Assembly Detail:
Explode drawing
6
Section II
Pump Operation manual
Bom list
LP335 Head Unloader Parts List
Item
LAP#
Description
11
726003
Hold Down Cover LP Inlet
1
62
727034
Valve Assembly LP Discharge
1
63
727021
Cage L.P. Discharge
1
64
110139
Hold Down Cover HP Discharge
1
65
110128
Hex head Capscrew 5/16-18x3/4
8
66
722008
Safety Valve
1
67
718202
T-Fitting(1/4x1/4(M)X1/4)
1
68
718012
Tube Ell. 1/4X1/4 NPT
1
69
718013
Bushing 3/8 NPT x 1/4 NPT
2
70
726004
Plunger
2
71
060075
O Ring LP Cover
2
72
070189
Valve Gasket HP
2
73
727023
Valve Assembly LP Inlet
1
74
727020
Cage LP Inlet
2
75
120068
Locknut
2
76
726007
Fingers H.P.
1
77
726006
Hold Down Cover HP Inlet
2
78
723011
Spring
2
79
060076
O Ring Plunger
2
80
725006
Unloader Tube
1
81
718014
Tube Tee 1/4x1/4x1/4 NPT
1
82
722009
Safety Valve
1
83
727058
Hold Down Cover LP Discharge
1
84
060074
O Ring HP Cover
2
85
727025
Cage HP Discharge
1
86
727038
Valve Seat HP Discharge
1
87
070188
Valve Gasket LP
2
88
727039
Valve Assembly Hp Inlet
1
89
727022
Cage HP Inlet
1
90
726005
Fingers L.P.
1
7
QTY
Section II
Pump Operation manual
Operation
The inlet valve unloaders are designed to provide CONSTANT SPEED CONTROL by holding open the inlet
valves in both cylinders. When the air supply exceeds the demand and the discharge pressure rises above the
maximum required, the pilot valve (not shown) admits air at discharge pressure to a plunger in each unloader,
holding the inlet valve discs off their seats. Thus the air drawn into the cylinders is freely discharged without being
compressed. When the pressure has dropped to the desired minimum, the pilot valve closes, allowing the inlet
valves to seat and compression to be resumed.
Safety information
DANGER
Please observe the following instructions when performing any maintenance, cleaning, repair work; when
relocating the compressor plant; prior to installing and dismounting component parts, receivers, fittings
and screw connections.
• Always isolate the compressor at the main switch prior to performing any maintenance work.
Secure the main switch against accidental switching on! Remove the electrical fuses in order to avoid
accidents!
• Depressurize the compressor!
Disconnect from the compressed air network by closing the ball valve on the compressed air outlet.
Perform maintenance or servicing work.
Only allow skilled and qualified welders to perform welding work on compressed air receivers!
After welding work on compressed air receivers, new constructional and hydrostatic pressure tests are to be
carried out.
•
Prior to switching on again, check whether anyone else is working on the compressor!
For your own safety, never omit a safety step!
Otherwise you will risk injury from restarting, electric shock or parts which may fly off!
Important!
Before do any install and maintenance work must be clean pump and parts!!
8
Section II
Pump Operation manual
Installation
Place seat gaskets (72 &87), valves (62,73,86 & 88) and cages (63,75,85 & 89) into head in sequence as shown.
Install "O" ring (79) on plunger (70) and assemble with spring (78) into inlet hold-down cover (11 & 77) .
Assemble fingers (76 & 90) and locknut (76) to complete assembly.
Install hold-down cover assemblies with "O" rings (71 & 84) using cap screws (70). Tighten evenly to a torque of
10 foot lbs. Connect unloader tube (80) to tube elbow (68) and tube tee (81). Connect tubing from pilot valve to
tube tee (81).
Lubrication
When assembling plunger, (70) and "O" ring (79) to hold-down cover (11&77), coat "O" ring with silicon grease to
facilitate assembly.
Service
Dirt in unloader line or defective pilot valve could hold valve open allowing unloading fingers to keep inlet valves
open. Sometimes tapping the pilot valve will allow pilot valve to resume normal operation. If not, remove, clean or
replace. Also broken "O" ring (79) may cause erratic operation. Refer to unloader pilot operation and maintenance
details.
WARNING
IMPORTANT: When ordering give MODEL and SERIAL NUMBERS of compressor.
9
Section II
Pump Operation Manual
Centrifugal Unloader
Explode drawing
10
Section II
Pump Operation manual
Bom list
LP335 Centrifugal Unloader Parts List
Item
LAP#
Description
QTY
17
070185
End Cover Gasket .005
2
18
070191
End Cover Gasket .006
1
19
070291
End Cover Gasket .003
2
20
070186
End Cover Gasket .0015
2
21
110129
Rivet
2
22
723007
Bumper Spring
2
23
728006
Weight Unloader
2
24
726010
Holder Unloader
1
25
723008
Spring
1
26
726002
Plunger
1
27
701011
End Cover
1
28
110126
End Cover Capscrew 5/16-18x1
6
29
718006
Breather Connector
1
30
120069
Locknut
1
31
725005
Unloading Tube
1
32
727040
Elbow Valve & Unloader
1
33
725005
Unloading Tube
11
1
Section II
Pump Operation manual
Operation
The centrifugal unloader is designed to give "loadless" starting to the compressor units to which it is applied.
When the current to the motor is interrupted or if the pump stops, for any reason, the centrifugal unloader will
release the air in the aftercooler and head. When the unit resumes operation, the unloader valve closes allowing a
build up of tank pressure. WARNING — When using 3 phase motors be sure of proper rotation or weight
retainer assembly will work loose in a very short time. Test motor rotation without belts assembled. Correct
rotation is counter-clockwise when facing flywheel side.
Safety information
DANGER
Please observe the following instructions when performing any maintenance, cleaning, repair work; when
relocating the compressor plant; prior to installing and dismounting component parts, receivers, fittings
and screw connections.
• Always isolate the compressor at the main switch prior to per
forming any maintenance work.
Secure the main switch against accidental switching on! Remove the electrical fuses in order to avoid
accidents!
• Depressurize the compressor!
Disconnect from the compressed air network by closing the ball valve on the compressed air outlet.
Perform maintenance or servicing work.
Only allow skilled and qualified welders to perform welding work on compressed air receivers!
After welding work on compressed air receivers, new constructional and hydrostatic pressure tests are to
be carried out.
• Prior to switching on again, check whether anyone else is working on the compressor!
For your own safety, never omit a safety step!
Otherwise you will risk injury from restarting, electric shock or parts which may fly off!
Important!
Before do any install and maintenance work must be clean pump and parts!!
12
Section II
Pump Operation manual
Installation
The centrifugal unloader weight retainer assembly (21, 22, 23, 24 & 25) may be assembled to crankshaft in either
of two methods. Preferred method is by mounting to crankshaft when crankshaft is removed from base during
assembly of pump.
The second method is used when only the centrifugal unloader is to be dismantled and only end cover (27) is
removed, then centrifugal unloader weight retainer assembly (21, 22, 23, 24 & 25) may be assembled when
crankshaft is in base. Assemble assembly into tapped hole in crankshaft (L. H. Threads). Apply wrench to weight
retainer (5) to tighten snugly. Do not bend wings of weight retainer. Assemble end cover (27) end cover gaskets
(17, 18,19 & 20) to pump base with capscrews (28). Check end play of crankshaft in accordance to pump part
sheet instruction. Insert plunger (26) into valve elbow assembly (30, 31 & 32) and screw into end cover until part
of valve (31) can be seen when looking into tube opening of elbow (32). Do not screw elbow into end cover too
far or unloader will not operate properly. Secure valve elbow assembly in position by tightening jam nut (30).
Connect unloader tube (33) to elbow in high pressure discharge hold-down cover and valve elbow (32). Connect
breather tube to elbow in head and to straight connector (29) in end cover.
Lubrication
When assembling unloader unit, plunger (26) and rivets (21) with good grade of machine oil.
Service
Leakage of air out through the unloader valve elbow opening after the unit has been shut off for a time, is an
indication of a check valve leak and should be corrected by repair or replacement.
IMPORTANT - When ordering, give MODEL and SERIAL NUMBERS of compressor.
13
Section II
Pump Operation manual
Operation
Every compressor undergoes a trial run in the factory and is carefully tested and set. However, damage occurring
afterwards, e.g. during transport, cannot be excluded. Therefore, the compressor should always be subjected to a
trial run during commissioning and carefully monitored.
WARNING
Before start pump must be do the following job first!!!
Check power supply and ;
Check oil level; top up if necessary;
Check fastener and piping connection;
For 3-phase power:
Ensure no problem; start-up pump to check rolling direction, counter-clockwise is right, if not, please
change 2 of 3-phase power wiring.
If all items are ok, start the pump in operating.
14
Section III
Pump Operation Manual
Parts Kits
About parts kits of pump include 4 sets:
1. Overhaul Kit: Includes1 each of filer element and ring set, valve set, gasket set.
2. Ring Set: Includes 1 set of piston rings.
3. Valve Set: Includes 1 set of inlet valve and outlet valve.
4. Gasket Set: Includes1 each of gasket.
For each pumps you can find the relevant parts kits number and describe in the explode
drawings and bom list section.
Safety information
DANGER
Please observe the following instructions when performing any maintenance, cleaning,
repair work; when relocating the compressor plant; prior to installing and dismounting
component parts, receivers, fittings and screw connections.
•
Always isolate the compressor at the main switch prior to per
forming any maintenance work.
Secure the main switch against accidental switching on! Remove the electrical fuses in order
to avoid accidents!
•
Depressurize the compressor!
Disconnect from the compressed air network by closing the ball valve on the compressed air
outlet.
Perform maintenance or servicing work.
Only allow skilled and qualified welders to perform welding work on compressed air
receivers!
After welding work on compressed air receivers, new constructional and hydrostatic
pressure tests are to be carried out.
•
Prior to switching on again, check whether anyone else is working on the compressor!
For your own safety, never omit a safety step!
Otherwise you will risk injury from restarting, electric shock or parts which may fly off!
1
Section III
Pump Operation Manual
Bolt torque chart
Bolts Size
Grade
Torque(Ft.-Lb.)
Position
1/4-28 NF
8.8
8
LP. Valve Nut
3/8-24 NF
8.8
40
Cylinder to Base Bolt
8.8
5/16-18 NC
Head to Cylinder Bolt
10.9
10
8.8
Connecting Rod Bolt
LP & HP Hold Down
Bolt
5/16-24 NF
8.8
12
Flywheel Bolt
7/16-14 NC
8.8
43
Cover Bolt
Disassembling Pump
Before dismantling a pump for overhauling it is advisable to obtain a set of valve parts, piston
rings, and gaskets in addition to other required parts.
A.Loosen motor, slide toward pump and remove belts. Drain oil from crankcase and if desired,
remove complete pump from plat form.
B. Remove flywheel bolt and remove pulley using a wedge or wheel puller if required. Remove
key File edges of key way smooth to remove sharp edges which could cut oil seal during
removal.
C. Remove intercooler and aftercooler from cylinder head. Remove air inlet filter from head.
D. Remove cylinder head from cylinder by removing cap screws.
E. Before removing cylinder mark top of pistons nearest flywheel, so that they can be reinstalled in
same position. Remove cylinder by removing bolts Cylinder can be removed easily by twisting
slightly back and forth while pulling upward. Care should be taken that connecting rod and
piston does not become damaged from striking metal when cylinder is removed The condition
of cylinder, pistons, rings and bearing fits can then be checked.
F. Remove end cover and slide crank shaft with connecting rods, pistons, etc. out
of base being careful not to damage the oil feeder ring. Place pulley end of crankshaft in a vice
using a soft jaws to prevent damage.
G. To remove pistons. Remove roll pins, by driving them into the wrist pins, and push out wrist
pins. Remove roll pins from wrist pins.
H. When removing connecting rods see that rods and caps are kept in matched sets, noting the
position with reference to the crankshaft of the identification marks on one side of each so that
2
Section III
Pump Operation Manual
the connecting rod can be replaced in the same position it originally occupied.
I. Drive oil seal out of base (only if replacement is necessary) with evenly spaced blows from
inside.
J. To dismantle head, remove low pressure hold-down covers and high pressure hold-down covers
by removing cap screws. Lift out low pressure cages and high pressure cages. Low pressure
valves and high pressure valves can be lifted out as well as the low pressure seat gasket (15. fig.
4) and high pressure seat gasket.
K. To dismantle valves, place valve in a soft jaw vise and remove center screw Valves are now
free to take apart Clean all parts thoroughly. Valve plates and seats- (must be smooth and flat
and can sometimes be resurfaced by rubbing on fine emery cloth held on a smooth surface.
Badly worn parts including springs, which lose tension after considerable use should be replaced.
Fitting and Reassembling
Clean all parts thoroughly before assembling.
A. Crankshaft — Base
Be sure base is cleaned to remove all metal chips and dirt. Insert crankshaft and oil feeder ring
only into base assemble end cover and tighten end cover bolts evenly. End cover gaskets or
shims are furnished in three thicknesses and the proper combination must be selected so that
crankshaft can be "spun" in the bearings without "end play". Also see that oil feeder ring turns
freely within the guide lugs in the base. Then remove crankshaft.
B. Piston — Cylinder
Check fit before assembling pistons to connecting rods. Pistons without rings should slide
through the cylinder of their own weight and holding the skirt of the piston with the two
thumbs there should be no appreciable side motion at any point of piston travel. Scored
cylinders or pistons should be replaced. C. Wrist Pins should be "tap" fit by hammer. See that
roll pin holes are in line.
D. Wrist Pin — Needle Bearing
Fit so that piston can be "rocked" with three fingers — the thumb on one side and index and
middle fingers on the other. The piston should not rock of its own weight. Drive roll pin into
wrist pin when piston and wrist pin holes are in line and piston is assembled to connecting rod.
If replacement of a needle bearing ever becomes necessary,
be sure to press in the new bearing so that the small hole through casting lines up with oil hole
in rod. Wrist pin should also be replaced.
E. Connecting Rod — Crankshaft Tap cap, when insert bearings are assembled to rod and cap
to make sure bearing is making contact and tighten rod bolts with lock washers in place to
prevent loosening (torque — 25 foot pounds). The combined piston and connecting rod should
turn slowly on the crankshaft of their own weight if bearing adjustment incorrect. It will be
noted that ends of the inserts extend slightly above the parting line of the rod and cap and
under no circumstance should these ends of the inserts be filed.
3
Section III
Pump Operation Manual
F. Reinstall crankshaft with pistons and connecting rods attached being careful not to damage oil
feeder ring when fitting within base lugs and being sure there are no burrs or dirt on the pulley
end of the crankshaft that might cut the oil seal.
G. If oil seal is to be replaced slide over the crankshaft and press into place in the base, the lip or
seal side toward the crankcase. Do not hammer directly on the seal.
H. Replace valve parts in sequence indicated in explode drawing being careful not to force any
parts together when tightening this center screw (11).and locknut (Torque — 28 foot —
pounds). After assembly .depress valve plate to insure that the valve works freely.
I.
Head Assembly
Install seat gaskets valve assemblies Cages, "O" rings, Hold down covers and cap-screws.
Tighten cap screws evenly so as not to break corners of hold down covers (Torque — 10 foot
— pounds), Assemble head to cylinder (Torque -10 foot - pounds).
J. Install key and pulley after cylinder head, intercooler and after-cooler are connected.
K. Turn pulley over by hand several times to insure that no interference of any kind exists.
L. "Running in" for a few hours without the head assembly is recommended if a pump has been
completely overhauled — especially if new pistons and/or cylinders have been installed.
Valves
Valves are generally considered to be maintenance items and require care by the user. They are the
most important part of the compressor and the importance of proper care and maintenance cannot
be over-emphasized.
All valves should be removed from the cylinder head at the end of the first two or three months of
operation and examined for cleanliness and carbon formation. Clean with safety solvent and blow
off with compressed air. Depending on what is found at this inspection, the next inspection should
not be more than 4 to 6 months later. These 2 inspections will guide you in scheduling periodic
cleaning times which will pay off many times over in providing trouble free service and reduced
down time.
Troubleshooting
1. Slow Pumping Or Insufficient Pressure Can Be Caused By
A Clogged inlet filter — (Disassemble and clean thoroughly.)
B Leaks in air lines, valves, fittings, etc. (Locate using soapy water if necessary: replace or tighten
threaded parts.)
C Compressor too small for equipment being operated — (Check air requirements and add to
compressor capacity — consult dealer.)
D Leaking head valves - (Remove hold-down covers and remove valves for examination. Repair
or replace faulty valves.) Valves can be removed from head by tapping valve screw with
hammer handle or piece of wood, to loosen valve from head, before lifting valve.
Clean all parts thoroughly. Valves and seats must be flat and smooth and sometimes can be
resurfaced by rubbing on fine emery cloth held on a smooth flat surface. Badly worn parts,
including springs which lose tension after considerable use should be replaced Reassemble
4
Section III
Pump Operation Manual
valve parts in sequence indicated in explode drawing. Examine valve gaskets carefully and
replace if doubtful of condition. Be careful that nothing falls into the cylinder that could get
caught between top of piston and cylinder head. Before reassembling valve look into cylinder
through valve opening while turning flywheel by hand.
2. Excessive Oil Consumption
"Oil Pumping" usually results from using the wrong type or an inferior grade of oil. Replacing
worn or stuck piston rings will help correct this condition but contrary to popular belief, worn
rings do not affect pumping efficiency appreciably.
Piston rings can be replaced by removing cylinder while the heads are off. Remove rings and
clean grooves in piston.
The low pressure oil ring provided is of the latest design and is the same as furnished on the new
automobile engines. It is of three-piece construction with two chrome-plated rails and an expander
ring. Some new units may pump a slight amount of oil for a period of time but as the
chrome-plated rails seat to the cylinder walls this will gradually diminish. Should excessive oil
consumption continue, the cylinders should be checked for scoring and the oil ring checked for
proper assembly. The two ends of the expander rings are colored with paint for identification and
when properly assembled should be butted, not overlapped. The high pressure oil ring is of the one
piece construction.
A coating of clean oil should be placed on the rings and the inside of the cylinders for ease of
assembly and to minimize possibility of scoring cylinder. See Paragraph 16 for reassembly
procedure.
3. Noisy Operation Can Be Caused By
A.Loose parts — external — (Tighten loose bolts, particularly the flywheel pulley to the
crankshaft.)
B. Foreign matter such as carbon, metal chips, etc. on pistons striking head at top of stroke
(Remove head and clean).
C. Piston extending above cylinder at top of stroke and hitting head. (Remove cylinder and add
base gasket, not upper cylinder gasket.)
D.End play in crankshaft — (Remove end cover, take out one end cover gasket or shim and
replace). Do not remove too many shims or binding may result, see Paragraph under fitting and
reassembling.
E. Loose valves — Hex head cap screws are not tight enough. (Tighten screws )
Screws should be tightened snugly but not too tight as hold-down cover corners could be broken.
Screws should be tightened evenly keeping covers parallel with cylinder head. Screws have nylon
insert in threads and are of self-locking construction. They will not loosen from vibration and can
be removed and retightened several times without losing their holding ability.
F. Loose or worn parts — Internal, e.g. pistons, connecting rods, wrist pins, valves — (Pump
5
Section III
Pump Operation Manual
should be overhauled — preferably in distributors service department or factory. Loose rod bolts
can be tightened after removing crankshaft, but if bearings are worn or scored, new insert bearings
must be installed.)
4. Oil Leak
At base or end cover gasket — (Disassemble at point of leak, shellac or perma-gasket on both
sides and reassemble. Maintain correct oil level).
5. Vibration
Characteristic of all reciprocating machines. can be held to a minimum by keeping the compressor
securely fastened to a solid level foundation, maintaining proper belt alignment and keeping nuts
and bolts tight.
6. Overheating
Compression of air generates heat, much of which is dissipated as air passes over the intercooler
and/or aftercooler . Overheating can be caused by:
A. Pump running backwards — (Reverse direction.) Proper rotation is counterclockwise facing
flywheel.
B. One or more head valves failing to seat properly — (Remove hold-down cover, valve cage, and
valve. Clean, reseat or replace valves.)
C. Blown cylinder head gasket — (Replace after cleaning all traces of old gasket from head and
cylinder.) .
D. Restriction in head, intercooler or check valve if used. — (Remove and clean.)
E. Lack of oil — (Check oil level, if necessary, remove side plate to see that oil feeder ring is free
to turn.)
F. Dirt in intercooler fins or cylinder fins - (Blow out with air.)
G. Poor ventilation and high room temperature
(If compressor cannot be moved, check possibility of piping intake to cooler location.)
7. Compressor Has No Or Insufficient Output
A. Suction filter soiled-( Clean suction filter)
B. Suction and pressure valves worn or defective-( Replace valves)
C. Vent (unloading) valve does not close-( Check whether the vent (unloading) valve closes when
the compressor is running; overhaul or replace valve, if necessary)
8. Safety Valve Of The First Stage Blows Off
A. Suction and pressure valves of the second stage defective or worn-( Replace valves)
B. Seal between valve and cylinder head defective-( Replace seal)
9. Oil Foam in The Crankcase
A. Last stage piston worn-( Operate compressor with final stage valve head removed. If oil
collects at rim of cylinder, piston clearance ok. If oil flows continuously out of cylinder, replace
piston and liner)
B. Last stage outlet valve defective-( Replace)
10. Oil out of from the breather
6
Section III
Pump Operation Manual
Compressor piston jammed-(Replace pistons and cylinders)
Maintenance
To obtain reliable and satisfactory service, this unit requires a consistent preventive maintenance
program. Maintenance schedule pages are included in the back of this manual to aid in keeping the
proper records.
General
1. Check your compressor regularly!
2. Check entire system for air leakage around fittings, connections, and gaskets, using soap
solution.
3. Remove dust or oil soiling.
4. Check fastener tightness by using torque wrench to the corresponding values within this guide.
Safety information
DANGER
Please observe the following instructions when performing any maintenance, cleaning, repair
work; when relocating the compressor plant; prior to installing and dismounting component parts,
receivers, fittings and screw connections.
• Always isolate the compressor at the main switch prior to per
forming any maintenance work.
Secure the main switch against accidental switching on! Remove the electrical fuses in order to
avoid accidents!
• Depressurize the compressor!
Disconnect from the compressed air network by closing the ball valve on the compressed air
outlet.
Perform maintenance or servicing work.
Only allow skilled and qualified welders to perform welding work on compressed air receivers!
After welding work on compressed air receivers, new constructional and hydrostatic pressure tests
are to be carried out.
•Prior to switching on again, check whether anyone else is working on the compressor!
For your own safety, never omit a safety step!
Otherwise you will risk injury from restarting, electric shock or parts which may fly off!
7
Section III
Pump Operation Manual
Check oil level
Check oil level every week and top up, if necessary: fill the oil tank with oil until the sight glass is
1/4 to 3/4 full.
Oil sight glass
WARNING
Use the same brand oil
Check and clean compressor valves
if compressor fails to pump air or seems slow in filling up tank, disconnect unit from power source
and remove valves and clean thoroughly, using compressed air and a soft wire brush. After
cleaning exceptional care must be taken that all parts are replaced in exactly the same position and
all joints must be tight or the compressor will not function properly. When all valves are replaced
and connections tight, close hand valve at tank outlet for final test. Valve gaskets should be
replaced each time valves are removed from pump. Replace springs, discs and seats when worn or
damage.
Valves must be reinstalled in original position. Incorrect valve replacement may result in
overpressure of the cylinder head resulting in catastrophic failure, injury or death. Valve gaskets
should be replaced each time valve are serviced.
Checking the safety valve
DANGER
The safety valve must respond when the compressor pressure increases too high.
8
Section III
Pump Operation Manual
The inter stage pressure relief valve is provided to protect against inter stage over pressure and is
factory set for maximum pressure of 75 PSIG. If the pressure relief valve pops open, it indicates
trouble. Shut down the unit immediately and determine and correct the malfunction. Inspect the
head valves. Serious damage can result if not corrected and can lead to complete destruction of the
unit. Tampering with the inter stage pressure relief valve, or plugging the opening destroys the
protection provided and voids all warranty.
The valve must be able to blow off the entire delivery quantity of the compressor. As it is rarely or
never operated, it is of utmost importance for the safety of the compressor that the valve is
regularly checked. Check the valve once a year or after 2000 operating hours.
This is the only maintenance work which has to be performed while the compressor is running.
Make sure that all safety devices are correctly installed! Never perform this work with the safety
device removed! Danger of injury or death!
WARNING
Do not readjust!!
Test safety valve on compressor:
A ring is located at the free end of the safety valve. Pull the ring by hand. Never remove the lead
seal at the head of the valve!
If you now pull the ring further, the safety valve should blow off increasingly more air.
If the valve blows off correctly, dropt hand tight in its seating and complete the check.
• If the valve does not blow off although you have pull the ring up to the end of the stud, it is
defective. Please have a new safety valve fitted by LAPLANTE Service.
Test the valve as described in section "Testing safety valve on compressor".
Compressor Oil
General
Compressors are factory filled with LAPLANTE hydrocarbon based recip lubricant. This is an
ISO non-detergent industrial lubricant with rust and oxidation inhibitors specially formulated for
reciprocating compressors. It is recommended this compressor be maintained using this oil for
ambient temperature above 32 F degreed.
LAPLANTE synthetic is a premium grade diester based synthetic lubricant providing excellent
performance in high temperature applications.
Do not mix oil types, weights or brands.
9
Section III
Pump Operation Manual
Normal break-in period of LAPLANTE air compressors is 25 hours.
for the first 500 hours of compressor operation, a careful and regular check of the oil level should
be made. Maintain oil level at the full time.
Change To Synthetic Lubricant
If changing to synthetic lubricant, the following steps must be completed.
Compressor must run for a 25 hour break-in period using LAPLANTE ISO 100 oil.
Thoroughly drain existing oil from crankcase.
Fill crankcase with a full charge of synthetic lubricant.
Run compressor for 200 hours.
Stop compressor and thoroughly drain the synthetic lubricant.
Add a full charge of synthetic lubricant.
Compressor now ready to run for extended period before next lubricant change made. Maintain oil
level at the full line.
Lubricant
Frequency Of Oil Change
Change oil every 3000 operating hours whichever comes first. For constant run applications in
daily use or units subjected to extremely heavy use change oil monthly.
Oil Recommendation
Any Approved Oil Which Is Equal To Those Specified May Be Used
Ambient Or Room Temperature 55° F To 120° F
AMOCO
SHELL
#51
Tellus Oil 41 Rotella Del vac 1230 Regal ER&O
Oil 30
MOBIL
TEXACO
CHEVRON
GULF
EXXON
EP68X
Paramount 58
Teresstic 100
CHEVRON
GULF
EXXON
Paramount 49
Teresstic 68
DTE Heavy
Ambient Or Room Temperature 32° F TO 55° F
AMOCO
SHELL
#31
Tellus Oil 33 Rotella Delvac
Oil 20-20W
MOBIL
TEXACO
1220 Regal CR & O EP55X
DTE Heavy Med.
10
Section III
Pump Operation Manual
Ambient Or Room Temperature 0° F TO 32° F
AMOCO
SHELL
#21
Tellus Oil 25 Rotella Delvac
Oil 10W
MOBIL
TEXACO
1210 Cetus Oil
CHEVRON
GULF
EXXON
EP45X
Paramount 65
Teresstic 32
DTE Medium
Suction Filter
Regularly and carefully maintain the suction filter approx. every 500 operating hours, depending
on the degree of soiling of the air taken in. Soiled suction filters can cause high oil consumption
and reduced delivery quantity! If the installation site is heavily contaminated with dust, provide a
dry air filter with paper cartridge. If the ambient air is heavily contaminated, we recommend using
dry air filters.
All compressors are available with a common air filter with under pressure display for all
cylinders.
Clean air filter
Nearly 1500 operating hours or 1 year
Check air filter and clean, if necessary
After undoing the snap fasteners, lift the cover off and take out the filter cartridge. If the filter is
soiled, clean as follows:
Clean the cartridge on the outside by an inclined air blast at max. 3-5 bar.
The cartridges can be cleaned up to three times before being replaced with new ones.
Nearly 1500 operating hours or 1 year to change the filter element
Clean the filter casing.
Carefully inspect the cartridge for damage. Only use completely intact filters cartridges!
Examine cover seal and replace with a new one if damaged.
Insert filter cartridge, replace casing cover and close with fastening clamps.
11
Section III
Pump Operation Manual
Cleaning the air filter
Maintenance intervals
We recommend servicing and maintaining your compressor at the following intervals. The hours
of operation refer to average working conditions. Other intervals may apply depending on these
conditions. Please contact LAPLANTE in this event.
Please record each maintenance task in the table on the last pages of these instructions! This may
help LAPLANTE-Service to locate faults if any occur.
Maintenance work
Maintenance intervals dependent on usage
either after
or
Operating hours
weekly / monthly
Check oil level and
top up, if necessary
yearly
weekly
Check suction filter
and clean, if necessary
500
monthly
Replace suction filter
cartridge
2000
X
Check safety valve
2000
X
Check cooler for
soiling and clean, if
necessary
500
Change oil *
1.000
every 1 years
Check V-belt for
damage and replace, if
necessary
2.000
X
monthly
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Section III
Pump Operation Manual
List of Maintenance and service work
Date
Operating
Check / top
Clean / check
Replace
air
hours
up oil level
air filter
filter element
13
Check/replace
Check safety
Oil
V-belt
valve
change
Check/clean
fin cooler
Section III
Date
Pump Operation Manual
Operating
Check / top
Clean / check
Replace
air
hours
up oil level
air filter
filter element
14
Check/replace
Check safety
Oil
V-belt
valve
change
Check/clean
fin cooler
Section III
Date
Pump Operation Manual
Operating
Check / top
Clean / check
Replace
air
hours
up oil level
air filter
filter element
15
Check/replace
Check safety
Oil
V-belt
valve
change
Check/clean
fin cooler
Section III
Date
Pump Operation Manual
Operating
Check / top
Clean / check
Replace
air
hours
up oil level
air filter
filter element
16
Check/replace
Check safety
Oil
V-belt
valve
change
Check/clean
fin cooler
Section III
Date
Pump Operation Manual
Operating
Check / top
Clean / check
Replace
air
hours
up oil level
air filter
filter element
17
Check/replace
Check safety
Oil
V-belt
valve
change
Check/clean
fin cooler
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
Yamaha Engine
1
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
Safety information
DANGER
Please observe the following instructions when performing any maintenance, cleaning, repair work;
when relocating the compressor plant; prior to installing and dismounting component parts, receivers,
fittings and screw connections.
•
Always isolate the compressor at the main switch prior to per
forming any maintenance work.
Secure the main switch against accidental switching on! Remove the electrical fuses in order to avoid
accidents!
•
Depressurize the compressor!
Disconnect from the compressed air network by closing the ball valve on the compressed air outlet.
Perform maintenance or servicing work.
Only allow skilled and qualified welders to perform welding work on compressed air receivers!
After welding work on compressed air receivers, new constructional and hydrostatic pressure tests are
to be carried out.
•
Prior to switching on again, check whether anyone else is working on the compressor!
For your own safety, never omit a safety step!
Otherwise you will risk injury from restarting, electric shock or parts which may fly off!
2
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
SAFETY INFORMATION
EXHAUST FUMES ARE POISONOUS.
Never operate engine indoors.
FUEL IS HIGHLY INFLAMMABLE.
Stop engine when refueling.
No smoking while refueling.
ENGINE AND MUFFLER ARE HOT.
Keep children away.
3
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
Take care not to spill fuel.
Avoid placing inflammables
Keep away more than 1 meter.
Do not operate with dust cover.
4
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
PRE-OPERATION CHECK
FUEL
Recommended fuel: Unleaded gasoline
Fuel tank capacity
After refueling, tighten tank cap securely.
Do not fill above fuel filter top.
5
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
Check oil level on level surface.
① Upper level
②Lower level
Add oil to upper level ①
ENGINE OIL
Recommended oil
Above 35°C (95°F): SAE #40
API Servise “SE” and “SF”
Battery (for electric starting model)
Recommended battery capacity 12V/26A-h or more.
1.Connect battery positive terminal and start switch
2.Ground
battery
negative
terminal
to
engine
mounting bolt ②
Use battery lead wires with cross section of at least 8
mm square.
6
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
STARTING THE ENGINE
Turn fuel cock lever to “ON” ①
Turn choke lever to ②
Move throttle lever slightly to ③
7
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
Manual starting model
Turn engine switch to “ON”
Pull slowly on recoil starter until
engaged, then pull it briskly.
Electric starting model
Turn engine switch to ④
Return choke lever and set throttle
lever in desired position.
⑤.Decrease engine speed
⑥.Increase engine speed
8
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
STOPPING THE ENGINE
Move throttle lever fully to ①
Turn engine switch to “OFF” ②
Turn fuel cock lever to “OFF” ③
9
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Item
Preoperation
Remarks
Spark Plug:
check (daily)
Initial 1
Every 6
Every
month or months or
months or
months or 300
20 Hrs
100 Hrs
Hrs
Remove
Every 3
50 Hrs
•
carbon. Adjust
gap. Replace
if necessary.
Engine Oil:
Check
oil •
Replace.
Air Filter:
•
•
Clean.
Replace
Fuel Filter:
•
if
Clean.
Replace
Valve clearance:
•
if
Check
and
adjust
at
•
Yamaha
dealer.
Muffler
screen/ Clean.
Spark arrester:
Replace
•
if
necessary.
Decarbonization:
Check
and
adjust
at
•
Yamaha
dealer.
10
12
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
SPARK PLUG
1. Remove spark plug.
2. Remove carbon deposits.
3. Check for discoloration.
Standard: Tan color
4. Check spark plug gap ①
Standard spark plug type and gap.
BPR4ES (NGK)
① 0.7 - 0.8 mm (0.028 - 0.031 in)
11
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
Engine oil replacement
1. Stop engine, and remove oil filter
cap.
2. Remove oil drain plug and drain oil.
3. Reinstall oil drain plug.
Add oil to upper level ①.
Recommended oil
Above 35°C (95°F): SAE #40
API service “SE” or “SF”
12
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
AIR FILTER
①.Air filter
②.Wash in solvent
③.Motor oil (SAE #20)
④.Squeeze out
Never run engine without element.
FUEL FILTER
1.
Stop engine.
2.
Turn fuel cock lever to “OFF”.
3.
Clean with solvent.
13
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
1. Clean in solvent.
2. Wipe off.
3. Insert.
Muffler Screen
1. Remove Muffler Screen
2. Clean carbon deposits using wire
brush
3. Install.
14
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
Sparker Arrester
1. Remove screw.
2. Remove spark arrester using flathead
screw driver.
3. Clean carbon deposits using wire
brush lightly.
4. Install
15
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
Fuse Replacement
For electric starting model
Fuse Type: 10A
16
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
STORAGE
1. Drain fuel tank.
2. Drain fuel cock.
3. Drain carburetor
4. Replace engine oil
5. Store engine in clean, dry place.
17
Yamaha Engine
Operation Manual
TROUBLESHOOTING
ENGINE WON’T START
1. Check fuel
2. Check engine oil.
3. Engine switch to “ON” “
".
4. Check spark plug.
5. If engine still won’t start, check
following:
Fuel cock clogging.
Air Filter clogging.
Or consult LAPALNTE company.
18
Operation Manual
Combination Valve
Combination Valve
Piloted discharge check valves combine a pilot valve, a discharge valve, and a check valve into one system
used to run an air compressor at a constant speed. They are used on both gas engine and electric motor
compressors.
Pilot valve
The pilot valve actuates the head unloader mechanism to provide a means of stopping of starting the
compression of air by the compressor without stopping or starting the electric motor.
Identifying The Problem
If your pilot valve is malfunctioning, read the following symptoms and solutions before attempting to
adjust the valve. If you simply want to change the setting of your pilot valve, go directly to the adjustment
procedure
Symptom 1) The pilot valve loads/unloads in a rapid fashion creating a chattering sound or it will not
maintain an unload setting.
One of the following may be true:
1. Excessive vibration can cause the valve to load/unload improperly. To check, put on a glove or other
hand protection and grip the pilot valve tightly while cycling the compressor. If the compressor loads and
unloads correctly during operation, vibration is causing the problem. To correct this, raise the load pressure
1 PSI and the unload setting 3 PSI using the techniques shown in steps 8 and 9 of the pilot adjustment section.
2. The pilot valve’s filter could be plugged or clogged. To check the filter’s condition, remove the pilot
valve from the tank or line. Remove the nut from the bottom of the valve completely. Pull out the two
screens and the filter pad. If the filter is blocked, you need to get a felt replacement. After cleaning the filter
area, replace the screen, the filter pad and then the other screen. Complete by screwing the nut back on the
body of the pilot valve. (See Diagram Below)
1
Operation Manual
Combination Valve
Symptom 2) the pilot valve unloads the compressor correctly but loads it far below the proper setting.
Check the following:
1. You may have a leak in the intake unloader line. To test for a leaky unloader line, spray soapy water on
the line while the compressor is unloading and look for bubbles. If there are bubbles, the line needs to be
patched or replaced. If there are no bubbles, move on to step B.
Unloader line to spray
2. may have a leak in the intake unloader or discharge unloader.
Perform proper maintenance testing of the unloader to make sure it does not have a leak.
3. may have a leaky pilot valve.
When the compressor is unloading, listen and feel for any excessive air being released at the top of the
valve or the stem. If it is leaking, drain all air from the compressor. Unscrew both locknuts and remove the
adjustment from the pilot’s body. Then remove the stem and the steel ball. Finally, clean the pilot seat with
a cotton swab and gasoline or other cleaning fluid. Look for chips or damage to the interior seat. If the seat
is chipped, contact LAPLANTE for further instructions. If everything appears correct, place the ball, stem,
spring and adjustment into the body. Then, follow the pilot adjustment procedures in adjustment section
2
Operation Manual
Combination Valve
Symptom 3) The pilot valve is not unloading at all and the safety valve is constantly blowing.
Check the following:
1. he inlet may be completely blocked restricting air from reaching the pilot valve. As in the previous
section, it is necessary to check the screen and filter of the valve. Follow the instructions for symptom 1
part C. If the unit is not tank mounted, the inlet line may be crimped enough to stop air flow completely.
Check the line.
2. The valve differential adjustment screw maybe locking the steel ball down on the body seat. To adjust,
refer to the pilot adjustment procedures section
3. The safety valve may be set below the unload setting of the pilot valve causing it to blow before the
compressor has a chance to unload. Cycle the compressor normally and make sure it is reaching the unload
setting of the unit. If the safety valve is blowing before the unload setting of the compressor, the safety
valve is faulty and must be replaced.
3
Operation Manual
Combination Valve
CONRADER PILOT VALVE ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURE
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ADJUSTMENT.
IF YOU HAVE AN RCB OF ANY TYPE YOU WILL NEED THE FOLLOWING OPEN END WRENCHES:
9/16”, 5/8”, 3/4”
1. Identify the components of the pilot valve adjustment labeled below. The same terms will be
used throughout the instructions. Two important terms must de defined. The unload setting is
the maximum pressure the pilot valve allows the receiver to reach before unloading the unit. The
load setting is the minimum pressure the pilot valve allows the receiver to reach before loading
the unit.
2. Drain all the air from the system and make sure that the safety device is intact. Note:
Maximum unload setting of the pilot valve should not exceed 90% of the safety device setting.
Loosen both the differential and pressure adjustment locknuts completely. Then, gently turn the
differential screw clockwise until it stops. WARNING: DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN THE
DIFFERENTIAL SCREW OR THE SEAT OF THE VALVE COULD BE DAMAGED.
3. Remove the pressure adjustment screw from the body of the valve.
4. Reinstall the pressure adjustment screw by turning it two full turns.
4
Operation Manual
Combination Valve
5. Restart the compressor. Increase the pressure until the desired load pressure has been reached.
Turn off the compressor.
6. Back off the differential screw 1/3 of a turn in the counterclockwise direction. Tighten the
differential locknut. Backing off the differential screw allows the valve to actuate unloading
devices as it would in normal operation.
7. While the unit is at the desired load pressure, slowly turn the pressure adjustment screw in the
clockwise direction. As you are turning the valve, listen for the valve to load. It will exhaust air
from the top of the valve body and make a hissing noise. Once this happens, tighten the pressure
adjustment locknut.
5
Operation Manual
Combination Valve
Check valve
The check valve closes when the compressor stops operating, preventing air from flowing out of the tank
through the pressure release valve. After the compressor stop operating, if air continues to escape through the
release valve, it is an indication that the check valve is leaking. This can be corrected by removing check valve
and cleaning disc and seat. If check valve is worn badly, replace same.
Safety information
WARNING
Before removing check valve be sure all air is drained out of tank and power is disconnected. Failure to do so
may result in injury or equipment damage.
6
Air Receiver
Operation Manual
Air Receiver
General
Install the compressed air receiver such that nobody is endangered. Protect it from
mechanical influences in as much that damage entailing dangerous consequences for persons
is not be expected. Ensure that it is possible to operate the compressed air receiver and its
equipment from a safe workplace.
Maintain the protection areas and protection space!
Safety information
Ensure that the compressed air receiver is securely mounted and cannot be displaced and
tilted by external forces. This also includes the additional weight of the test medium during
pressure testing! Where possible, ensure that the receiver is accessible from all sides for
repetitive tests. Ensure that the company plate is easily visible.
It is forbidden to undertake repair and modification work which may influence the safety of
the compressed air receiver. This applies in particular to work which may change the material
properties. Do not undertake welding work on a receiver once the water pressure tests have
been passed! Reinforcing plates for mounting plates and brackets are not considered as pressure
bearing elements.
WARNING
Suitable protect compressed air receiver against corrosion.
Adhere to the generally accepted rules of technology when maintaining and installing the
receiver.
Checking the safety valve
DANGER
The safety valve must respond when the compressor pressure increases too high.
The inter stage pressure relief valve is provided to protect against inter stage over pressure
and is factory set for maximum pressure of 175 PSIG. If the pressure relief valve pops open, it
indicates trouble. Shut down the unit immediately and determine and correct the malfunction.
Inspect the head valves. Serious damage can result if not corrected and can lead to complete
destruction of the unit. Tampering with the inter stage pressure relief valve, or plugging the
opening destroys the protection provided and voids all warranty.
1
Air Receiver
Operation Manual
The valve must be able to blow off the entire delivery quantity of the compressor. As it is
rarely or never operated, it is of utmost importance for the safety of the compressor that the
valve is regularly checked. Check the valve once a year or after 2000 operating hours.
This is the only maintenance work which has to be performed while the compressor is
running. Make sure that all safety devices are correctly installed! Never perform this work
with the safety device removed!
DANGER
Danger of injury or death!
WARNING
Do not readjust!!
Test safety valve on tank:
A ring is located at the free end of the safety valve. Pull the ring by hand. Never remove the
lead seal at the head of the valve!
If you now pull the ring further, the safety valve should blow off increasingly more air.
If the valve blows off correctly, dropt hand tight in its seating and complete the check.
• If the valve does not blow off although you have pull the ring up to the end of the stud, it is
defective. Please have a new safety valve fitted by LAPLANTE Service.
Condensate
Manually draining off condensate from the compressed air receiver
If no automatic condensate separator is fitted, drain off the condensate by hand at least once a
week.
WARNING
Depressurize the receiver.
Place a suitable collecting basin underneath the ball valve under the receiver.
Open the ball valve and allow the condensate to drain off into the collecting basin.
Once the condensate has completely drained off, close the ball valve again and correctly
dispose of the condensate.
2
V-Belt
1Operation
Manual
Safety information
DANGER
Please observe the following instructions when performing any maintenance, cleaning, repair
work; when relocating the compressor plant; prior to installing and dismounting component
parts, receivers, fittings and screw connections.
• Always isolate the compressor at the main switch prior to per
forming any maintenance work.
Secure the main switch against accidental switching on! Remove the electrical fuses in
order to avoid accidents!
• Depressurize the compressor!
Disconnect from the compressed air network by closing the ball valve on the compressed
air outlet.
• Perform maintenance or servicing work.
• Only allow skilled and qualified welders to perform welding work on compressed air
receivers!
After welding work on compressed air receivers, new constructional and hydrostatic
pressure tests are to be carried out.
• Prior to switching on again, check whether anyone else is working on the compressor!
For your own safety, never omit a safety step!
Otherwise you will risk injury from restarting, electric shock or parts which may fly off!
Check V-belts for damage and replace with new ones, if necessary
The belts should be checked for damage and wear after every 2000 hours or
once yearly.
• Remove the belt guard
• Turn the belts slowly using the fan wheel.
• Check - in addition to foreign bodies- for large eruptions in the flanks of
the belts and for tears in the fabric indicating the belt is becoming brittle.
If it is necessary to change the belts, proceed as follows:
• Unscrew the four retaining screws with a suitable spanner from the slots in the
motor plate.
• Completely slacken the V-belts. Turn the tensioning block using the spanner.
• Remove the belts from the pulleys and clean, if necessary.
• Check the flanks of the pulleys and clean, if necessary.
• Fit new V-belts. Only change the belts as a complete set, never individually!
• Retension the V-belts: Turn the tensioning spindle clockwise until achieving
the correct belt tension, i.e. when a testing force of 30 N applied vertically to the
belt between drive and flywheel causes the belts to sag by approx. 10 - 12 mm.
• After setting the correct belt tension, screw the motor plate firmly in place
and replace the belt guard.
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