installation operation and service manual

INSTALLATION OPERATION
AND SERVICE MANUAL
GAS FIRED COMMERCIAL COPPER TUBE BOILERS
DynaFlame SERIES
FOR HYDRONIC HEATING
Models; DFH500, 750, 1100, 1200, 1500, 1750, 2000, 2500,
3000, 3500, 4000, 4500, 5000
HOT WATER SUPPLY
Models; DFW500, 750, 1100, 1200, 1500, 1750, 2000, 2500,
3000, 3500, 4000, 4500, 5000
WARNING:
If the information in these instructions is not followed
exactly, a fire or explosion may result causing property
damage, personal injury or death
Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable
vapours and liquids in the vicinity of this or any
other appliance.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
o Do not try to light any appliance,
o Do not touch any electrical switch; do not
use any phone in your building,
o Immediately call your gas supplier from a
neighbour’s phone. Follow the gas
supplier’s instructions,
o If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call
the fire department.
Qualified installer, service agency or the
gas supplier must perform installation and
service.
To the Installer: After installation, these instructions
must be given to the end user or left on or near the
appliance.
To the End User: This booklet contains important
information about this appliance. Retain for future
reference.
CAMUS
HYDRONICS
LTD.
6226 Netherhart Road, Mississauga, Ontario, L5T 1B7
99-0050
Rev. 5.1
Table of Contents
PART 1
GENERAL INFORMATION..............................................................................................................................................................1
1.1
INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................................................................................1
1.2
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS TO OWNER...............................................................................................................................................1
1.3
CHECKING EQUIPMENT .....................................................................................................................................................................2
1.4
WHAT THE LIGHTS MEAN ON YOUR CAMUS APPLIANCE .............................................................................................................2
1.5
HOW IT OPERATES (SEQUENCE OF OPERATION) .........................................................................................................................2
1.5.1
IGNITION PROCESS .................................................................................................................................................................3
1.5.2
HEAT TRANSFER PROCESS ...................................................................................................................................................3
1.5.3
END OF SEQUENCE .................................................................................................................................................................3
1.6
CODES..................................................................................................................................................................................................4
1.7
WARRANTY ..........................................................................................................................................................................................4
1.8
REMOVAL OF EXISTING APPLIANCE ................................................................................................................................................4
1.9
BOILER ROOM OPERATING CONDITION..........................................................................................................................................5
1.10
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE LOCATION OF UNIT ..........................................................................................................................5
1.11
Clearance from Combustible Material ...................................................................................................................................................6
PART 2
VENTING .........................................................................................................................................................................................8
2.1
GENERAL VENTING GUIDE ................................................................................................................................................................8
2.1.1
CATEGORY I AND CATEGORY Ill VENTING ...........................................................................................................................8
2.1.2
Venting Guidelines for Category I and/or Ill Venting...................................................................................................................9
2.1.3
CATEGORY II AND CATEGORY IV VENTING .........................................................................................................................9
2.1.4
Venting Guidelines for Category II and/or IV Venting.................................................................................................................9
2.1.5
APPROVED VENTING MATERIALS .........................................................................................................................................9
2.1.6
VENT TERMINATION CLEARANCES .......................................................................................................................................9
2.1.7
INLET CAP FOR ROOFTOP TERMINATION ..........................................................................................................................10
2.1.8
LOCATION OF A ROOFTOP AIR INLET AND VENT CAPS...................................................................................................10
2.1.9
AIR INLET DAMPER ................................................................................................................................................................10
2.1.10
MASONARY CHIMNEY INSULATIONS ..................................................................................................................................10
2.1.11
Vertical Venting Termination ....................................................................................................................................................10
2.1.12
COMBINED COMBUSTION AIR INLET...................................................................................................................................10
2.1.13
DRAIN TEE...............................................................................................................................................................................11
2.2
CONVENTIONAL VENTING (INDOOR) INSTALLATIONS ................................................................................................................11
2.2.1
Air Required For Combustion and Ventilation ..........................................................................................................................12
2.2.2
EXHAUST FANS ......................................................................................................................................................................12
2.3
OUTDOOR VENTING .........................................................................................................................................................................12
2.4
THRUWALL VENTING........................................................................................................................................................................12
2.4.1
THRUWALL Vent Cap (14-0090) THRUWALL Intake Air Cap (14-0101) ................................................................................12
2.4.2
Location of A THRUWALL Vent Termination ...........................................................................................................................13
2.4.3
LOCATION OF A “THRUWALL” AIR INLET CAP ....................................................................................................................13
2.4.4
AIR INLET DAMPER ................................................................................................................................................................13
2.4.5
LENGTH OF AIR INLET PIPE..................................................................................................................................................13
PART 3
GAS CONNECTION ......................................................................................................................................................................13
3.1
GAS CONNECTION...........................................................................................................................................................................13
3.2
GAS PIPING........................................................................................................................................................................................14
3.3
INSTALL PIPING................................................................................................................................................................................14
3.4
DIFFERENTIAL AIR PRESSURE .......................................................................................................................................................14
3.5
GAS MANIFOLD DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE ADJUSTMENT........................................................................................................15
3.6
CHECKING GAS SUPPLY PRESSURE ............................................................................................................................................15
3.7
CHECKING DIFFERENTIAL AIR AND GAS PRESSURES ..............................................................................................................16
3.8
GAS TRAIN AND CONTROLS............................................................................................................................................................16
3.9
RATIO GAS VALVE ............................................................................................................................................................................16
3.10
VENTING OF GAS VALVES AND PRESSURE SWITCHES ............................................................................................................17
3.10
BURNER .............................................................................................................................................................................................17
PART 4
WATER CONNECTION .................................................................................................................................................................17
4.1
FREEZE PROTECTION......................................................................................................................................................................18
4.2
WARNING REGARDING CHILLED WATER SYSTEMS ....................................................................................................................18
4.3
INLET AND OUTLET CONNECTIONS ...............................................................................................................................................18
4.4
MINIMUM PIPE SIZE REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................................................18
4.5
PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER..........................................................................................................................................................18
4.6
LOW WATER TEMPERATURE SYSTEMS (non -condensing)..........................................................................................................19
4.7
INSTANTANEOUS WATER HEATER (non-condensing) ...................................................................................................................19
4.8
CONDENSER HEAT RECOVERY MODULE (CHRM) .......................................................................................................................20
4.9
CHRM, FLOW and PRESSURE DROP ..............................................................................................................................................21
4.10
WATER FLOW SWITCH (shipped loose) ...........................................................................................................................................21
4.11
LOW WATER CUTOFF (If Equipped) ................................................................................................................................................21
4.12
RELIEF VALVE (shipped loose)..........................................................................................................................................................22
4.13
CONDENSING HEAT RECOVERY MODULE PIPING CONFIGURATIONS .....................................................................................22
4.13.1
CHRM IN SERIES WITH PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER (INTEGRATED LOOP) ................................................................22
4.14
CIRCULATING PUMP SELECTION ...................................................................................................................................................22
4.14.1
CIRCULATING PUMP OPERATION PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER....................................................................................22
4.14.2
CIRCULATING PUMP SELECTION CONDENSOR ...............................................................................................................22
PART 5
ELECTRICAL & CONTROLS.........................................................................................................................................................23
5.1
ELECTRICAL CONECTIONS .............................................................................................................................................................23
5.2
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE (VFD).............................................................................................................................................23
5.3
DIFFRENTIAL AIR PRESSURE SWITCH ..........................................................................................................................................23
5.4
5.5
5.6
HIGH and LOW GAS PRESSURE SWITCHS (Optional) ...................................................................................................................23
HIGH LIMIT .........................................................................................................................................................................................23
IGNITION CONTROL MODULE..........................................................................................................................................................23
5.6.1
SERVICE PARTS .....................................................................................................................................................................24
5.6.2
IGNITION MODULE LOCKOUT FUNCTIONS .........................................................................................................................24
5.6.3
DIAGNOSTIC STATUS INDICATION ......................................................................................................................................24
5.6.4
FLAME SENSE TEST ..............................................................................................................................................................24
PART 6
CONTROL PANEL.........................................................................................................................................................................25
6.1
APPLIANCE TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER ..................................................................................................................................25
6.2
MODULATING SIGNAL GENERATOR...............................................................................................................................................27
6.3
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE (VFD).............................................................................................................................................27
PART 7
COMPONENTS .............................................................................................................................................................................27
7.1
HOT SURFACE IGNITER (GLOW BAR) ............................................................................................................................................27
7.2
FLAME SENSOR ................................................................................................................................................................................28
7.3
COMBUSTION AIR FAN .....................................................................................................................................................................28
7.4
INNER JACKET...................................................................................................................................................................................28
7.5
OUTER JACKET ................................................................................................................................................................................28
7.6
VENTING TRANSITION.....................................................................................................................................................................28
PART 8
FIELD STARTUP PROCEDURE ...................................................................................................................................................28
8.1
CHECKING THE INSTALLATION.......................................................................................................................................................28
8.2
CHECKING THE CONSTRUCTION ...................................................................................................................................................29
8.3
FIRE TESTING....................................................................................................................................................................................29
8.4
COMISSIONING APPLIANCE ............................................................................................................................................................29
PART 9
TROUBLE SHOOTING ..................................................................................................................................................................30
PART 10
MAINTANANCE .............................................................................................................................................................................32
10.1
EXAMINE THE VENTING SYSTEM ...................................................................................................................................................32
10.2
VISUALLY CHECK MAIN BURNER FLAMES ....................................................................................................................................32
10.3
FLUE GAS PASSAGEWAYS CLEANING PROCEDURES ................................................................................................................32
10.4
CONDENSATION TREATMENT.........................................................................................................................................................32
10.4.1
CONDENSATE VOLUME.........................................................................................................................................................32
10.5
BURNER MAINTENANCE ..................................................................................................................................................................33
10.5.1
BURNER REMOVAL AND CLEANING ....................................................................................................................................33
10.5.2
BURNER CLEANING PROCEDURE.............................................................................................................................................33
10.6
CHANGING THE HOT SURFACE IGNITER ......................................................................................................................................33
10.6.1
RE-INSTALLING THE IGNITER...............................................................................................................................................34
10.7
PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER INSPECTION...................................................................................................................................34
10.8
CONDENSING HEAT RECOVERY MODULE (CHRM) INSPECTION...............................................................................................34
10.9
RE-INSTALL HEAT EXCHANGERS ...................................................................................................................................................34
10.10
COMBUSTION AIR FAN................................................................................................................................................................34
10.11
COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION AIR ......................................................................................................................................34
10.12
CONTROL CIRCUIT VOLTAGE ....................................................................................................................................................34
10.13
COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS ........................................................................................................................................................34
10.14
FREEZE PROTECTION ................................................................................................................................................................34
10.15
FREEZE PROTECTION FOR A HEATING BOILER SYSTEM (Optional) ...................................................................................35
PART 11
INSTALLATIONS ...........................................................................................................................................................................35
11.1
HEATING BOILER INSTALLATIONS .................................................................................................................................................35
11.2
WATER CONNECTIONS ....................................................................................................................................................................35
11.3
PIPING LENGTHS ..............................................................................................................................................................................35
11.4
INTERMITTENT PUMP OPERATION ................................................................................................................................................35
11.5
SUMMARY ..........................................................................................................................................................................................35
11.6
DOMESTIC HOT WATER HEATER ...................................................................................................................................................36
11.7
WATER VELOCITY CONTROL ..........................................................................................................................................................36
11.8
TEMPERATURE RISE AT FULL FIRING RATE.................................................................................................................................36
11.9
WATER HEATERS..............................................................................................................................................................................37
PART 12
EXPLODED VIEW .........................................................................................................................................................................38
PART 13
ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS.............................................................................................................................................................45
WARRANTY..............................................................................................................................................................................................................51
PART 1
1.1
GENERAL
INFORMATION
INTRODUCTION
The DynaFlame boiler is a fan assisted boiler based on
push through design which offers several venting options.
Heat output is controlled by a one to one air/gas ratio
control gas valve which provides seamless modulation. The
boiler provides central heating and/or domestic hot water at
working pressure up to 160 PSI. It is designed for use with
a fully pumped and pressurized system. The boiler/water
heater will automatically modulate to provide heat outputs
between 100% to approximately 30% of rated input.
The DynaFlame works on the principle of differential
pressure. The operation of the fan will generate a
differential pressure, which the gas/air ratio control gas
valve will match on the gas side. The steady state efficiency
is maintained across the entire range of modulation. Air and
gas are metered in precise proportion (1:1 Ratio) to
modulation signal, allowing combustion characteristics
which determine efficiency to remain the same over entire
operating range.
DynaFlame Condensing
In this series most of the sensible heat value is being
transferred into the water. The unused portion of the
sensible heat and most of the latent heat is absorbed by the
Condenser Heat Recovery Module (CHRM).
DynaFlame Non-Condensing and Near Condensing
In this series most of the sensible heat value is being
transferred into the water. The unused portion of the
sensible heat and all the latent heat is released through the
exhaust vent. The overall efficiency of the DynaFlame is
being improved by incorporating preheat of intake
combustion air which consequently maintains the outer
panels cool and thus reduces jacket loss.
Vent material selection for DynaFlame installed as
Category I appliances
Camus DynaFlame boilers and water heaters are approved
at 85% efficiency which allows the equipment to be vented
as a Category I appliance using either single wall “C” vent
or double wall “B” vent. Certain conditions in the field
however lead to condensation in the vent and render these
vent products unsuitable.
These conditions include and are not necessarily limited to:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Low boiler room temperature.
Low return water temperature.
Long periods of low fire operation.
Oversized breeching in common venting
applications.
Proximity to combustion air openings.
Given the frequency of these conditions occurring in the
field, we are recommending the use of corrosion resistant
stainless steel venting wherever possible.
1.2
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS TO OWNER
This manual supplies information for the installation,
operation and servicing of the appliance. It is strongly
recommended that this manual be reviewed completely
before proceeding with an installation
CAUTION
It is important that all gas appliances are installed by a
competent person. It is in your own interest and that of
safety to ensure that all local codes, and all the following
“NOTES” and “WARNINGS” is complied with.
To Install, service or adjust this appliance, it is imperative
that a competent serviceman that is qualified by Camus
Hydronics utilize a combustion analyzer with CO2, CO, and
draft gauge, to set the appliance according to Camus
Hydronics recommendation, prior to commissioning.
NOTE
RETAIN THIS MANUAL FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
1
1.3
CHECKING EQUIPMENT
Check for signs of shipping damage upon receiving
equipment. Pay particular attention to parts accompanying
the boiler, which may show signs of being hit or otherwise
being mishandled. Verify total number of pieces shown on
packing slip with those actually received. In case there is
damage or a shortage, immediately notify carrier.
1.4
WHAT THE LIGHTS MEAN ON YOUR
CAMUS APPLIANCE
•
POWER
•
OPERATOR
•
HIGH LIMIT
•
WATER
FLOW
•
AIR FLOW
•
IGNITION
TRIAL
•
MAIN FLAME
•
FLAME
FAILURE
Light off means there is no power
to the appliance.
Light on indicates demand for
operation (temperature or external
control).
Light off means high limit on back
of unit tripped.
Light off means no flow/low water
level or defective flow switch/low
water cutoff.
Light off means problem with
combustion fan, dirty air filter,
blocked vent or fan shut off after
10 minutes in flame failure. If
optional low and/or high gas
pressure switches are provided it
may mean that the appliance has
shut off on a gas pressure
condition.
Light comes on only during start
up trials (3 trials standard and
single trial for CSD1, for CSD1; to
reset push and hold reset button
on front of electrical panel until red
LED is lit on ignition control).
Lit only when ratio control valve is
energized. Valve will open only if
proof of closure switch is closed.
Indicator in view window shows
position of valve stem. Light will
stay on only if burner is firing.
May momentarily light up during
ignition trials. If appliance fails to
start the fan will shut down, the air
flow light will go out and the flame
failure light will stay on
continuously.
** If the series of lights stops during start up, the next
light that is NOT lit identifies where the problem is.
1.5
1
2
3
4
HOW IT OPERATES (SEQUENCE OF
OPERATION)
The power switch is placed in the “ON” position.
Minimum 120 VAC 60hz single phase (15A circuit) is
supplied to the control junction box models DF-500
through DF-2000 and 120 VAC (20A circuit ) models
DF-2500 thru DF-3000 and 120/230 VAC 60hz single
phase (20A circuit) models DF-3500 through DF-4000
and 120/230 VAC 60hz single phase (30A circuit)
models DF-4500 through DF-5000.
120 VAC power is supplied to the control transformer
and Ignition Module on all models.
24 VAC is supplied to all low voltage controls for all
models.
5
After the appliance water pump starts, flow is proven
by the flow switch. The low water cutoff and flow switch
are shipped loose .The flow switch is to be mounted in
a tee at the outlet of the appliance. Take care to
properly trim the flow switch paddles so as not to jam
the switch in the tee. The normally open dry contacts in
the low water cutoff (LWCO) are to be wired in series
with the normally open contacts of the flow switch.
Locate the probe type LWCO in the piping 2 to 3 feet
above the boiler inlet/outlet connection. In all cases
check with local codes.
6 Local or remote operator calls for heat and operator
light illuminates. If the appliance is provided with a
local remote switch the local control settings are to be
set above the normal maximum expected return water
temperature. In this way the local control will not
interfere with normal operation of the remote operator
and will prevent the appliance from cycling on its limit if
the appliance is switched over to local operation due to
a failure in the remote operating system.
7 The local thermostat initiates a start-up sequence once
it receives a heat demand. If the appliance is equipped
with a local/remote switch and if the switch is set in
remote, a heat demand is available only if the remote
system calls for heat.
8 The local thermostat energizes the motor stop/start
relay which closes the initiate contacts to the variable
frequency drive (VFD) which starts to ramp up the
frequency to the 230V 3 phase motor of the
combustion fan. If the VFD is not in fault mode the
frequency will accelerate at the preprogrammed rate
towards 60 HZ using the modulating signal provided by
the on board modulating control or the remote
operating system if a local/remote switch is provided.
9 If limit, water flow and airflow lights are lit, the ignition
module will receive a 24V signal at terminal ‘TH‘ thru a
purple wire. After performing internal self checks the
ignition module will energize the amber trial for ignition
light and the hot surface igniter at S1 thru a black and
brown wire respectively and close the auxiliary fan
connections thru two blue wires which will switch a
20Wresistor across the modulating signal. This will
occur whether the appliance is in remote or local
mode. The resistor will case the VFD to see a
minimum modulating signal and cause the fan motor to
decelerate to the frequency programmed for soft start.
The ignition control looks for the set proof current from
the igniter (2.7 A +/-0.2).
10 If the proof current is not reached the module will stop
the ignition sequence after the trial for ignition .The
blue main flame light indicating that the main valve is
energized will not come on and the appliance will go
into lockout. If the proof current is reached the ignition
module sends a 24V signal thru a blue wire marked
‘valve” to the 24/115V interface relay and to the proof
demand terminal 3 on the on board smart flame
control.
11 115V from the 24/115V interface relay will only reach
the ratio control valve if the proof of closure (POC)
switch in the ratio control valve is closed .If the switch
is in an open position the valve stem travel indicator
visible thru a view window in the valve will not move
even though the blue main flame light will illuminate.
This can occur if there is dirt under the valve seat or if
the POC switch is defective.
2
12 If the POC switch is initially closed, the blue main flame
light will illuminate and the latching relay located in the
lower end of the control box allows the 115V signal to
the control valve to be uninterrupted when the control
valve drives open and the POC switch contacts open.
13 After the valve open time (7 or 10 seconds) is ended
the ignition module looks for a minimum flame
rectification signal of 2 µA DC from the flame sensor. If
the signal is present the ignition module will allow the
control valve to remain open, if the ignition module
does not see a continuous signal it will shut down the
control valve and will immediately go into lockout mode
for CSD1, or proceed to two more trials before locking
out in the standard version.
14 The ignition module will go into lockout if it does not
see the flame rectification signal due to the flame
sensor being insulated from oxide deposits or from the
sensor rod grounding out due to improper placement or
from a damaged ceramic insulator.
15 The tip of a properly located sensor rod will be ¾” to 1”
away from the burner surface. The µA reading can be
conveniently taken at the front of the ignition module at
the ‘Flame Sense Test’ terminals.
1.5.1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
The Ignition module supplies voltage to the Air/Gas
Ratio Control Valve through proof of closure switch and
a latching relay.
Air/Gas Ratio Control Valve senses the pressure
differential between the Combustion Air Fan outlet and
the vent outlet and supplies gas to the orifice and into
the Fan inlet to pre-mix with air.
The Gas/Air mixture is forced into the Burner and out
of the Burner Ports under pressure at soft start input
rate.
Hot Surface Igniter lights the Gas/Air mixture and the
Flame Sensor serves as a means to prove Main
Burner Flame by rectification.
Burner is now firing at soft start input rate.
Variable Frequency Drive adjusts fan speed based on
desired water temperature set point or input signal
from remote operator 4-20 mA or 2-10VDC signal
(must be specified at time of placing order).
Burner input rate is variable down to approximately
30% of rate or up to 100% of rate as required to satisfy
the set point.
1.5.2
1
2
3
4
HEAT TRANSFER PROCESS
Burner Input continues to increase until water
temperature reaches the Set Point temperature.
Burner Input may stabilize at a fixed rate where
demand equals input.
Burner Input will decrease rate when water
temperature approaches temperature Set Point.
1.5.3
1
2
3
IGNITION PROCESS
END OF SEQUENCE
Set Point temperature is satisfied.
Power to the gas valves is turned off.
Combustion Air Fan ramps to a stop over the factory
preprogrammed time period of 60 seconds.
Thermostat is now in a standby mode waiting for the
next “Call for Heat”.
WARNING
To minimize the possibility of serious personal injury, fire or
damage to your appliance, never violate the following
safety rules.
WARNING
IMPROPER INSTALLATION, ADJUSTMENT,
ALTERATION, SERVICE OR MAINTENANCE can cause
injury or property damage. Refer to this manual. For
additional information, consult a qualified installer, service
agency or gas supplier.
DO NOT
Do not use this appliance if any part of it has been under
water. The possible damage to a flooded appliance can be
extensive and present numerous safety hazards. Any
appliance that has been under water must be replaced
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
Do not try to light any appliance. • Do not touch any electric
switch: do not use any phone in your building. •
Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s phone.
Follow the gas supplier’s instructions. • If you cannot reach
your gas supplier, call the fire department.
IMPORTANT
Consult and follow local Building and Fire Regulations and
other Safety Codes that apply to this installation. Contact
the local gas utility company to authorize and inspect all
gas and flue connections.
Installation and service must be performed by a
qualified installer, service agency or the gas supplier.
WARNING
Should overheating occur or the gas supply fails to shut off,
DO NOT turn off or disconnect the electrical supply to the
pump. Shut off the gas supply at a location external to the
appliance.
WARNING
Operation of Non-Condensing DynaFlame at low fire (less
than 100% of input) for long periods of time will increase
the possibility of forming condensation in the flue,
particularly in Spring/Fall operation.
•
Boilers and water heaters are heat producing
appliances. To avoid damage or injury, do not store
materials against the appliance or the vent-air intake
system. Use proper care to avoid unnecessary contact
(especially children) with the appliance and vent-air
intake components.
•
Never cover your appliance, lean anything against it,
store trash or debris near it, stand on it or in any way
block the flow of fresh air to your appliance.
•
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES may flammable
materials such as gasoline or paint thinner be used or
stored in the vicinity of this appliance, vent-air intake
system or any location from which fumes could reach
the appliance or vent-air intake system.
•
A gas appliance that draws combustion air from the
equipment room where it is installed must have a
supply of fresh air circulating around it during burner
operation for proper gas combustion and proper
venting.
3
1.6
CODES
The equipment shall be installed in accordance with
those installation regulations in force in the local area
where the installation is to be made. These shall be
carefully followed in all cases. Authorities having jurisdiction
shall be consulted before installations are made. In the
absence of such requirements, the installation shall
conform to the latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code,
ANSI Z223.1 and/or CAN/CGAB149 Installation Code. All
electrical wiring must be done in accordance with the
requirements of the authority having jurisdiction or, in the
absence of such requirements, with national electrical code,
ANSI/NFPA70 and/or the Canadian electrical code part 1
CSA C22.1. Where required by the authority having
jurisdiction, the installation must conform to American
Society of Mechanical Engineers Safety Code for Controls
and Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Boilers, ASME
CSD-1. All boilers conform to the latest edition of the
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II. Where
required by the authority having jurisdiction, the installation
must comply with the CSA International, CAN/CGA-B149
and/or local codes. This appliance meets the safe lighting
performance criteria with the gas manifold and control
assembly provided, as specified in the ANSI standards for
gas-fired units, ANSI Z21.13.
1.7
WARRANTY
•
Factory warranty (shipped with unit) does not
apply to units improperly installed or improperly
operated.
Factory warranty shall apply only when the
appliance is installed in accordance with local
plumbing and building codes, ordinances and
regulations, the printed instructions provided with it
and good industry practices.
Excessive water hardness causing a lime buildup in the copper coils or tubes is not a fault of the
appliance and is not covered by warranty. Consult
the factory for recommendations for use in hard
water areas. (See Water Treatment and Water
Chemistry)
Excessive pitting and erosion on the inside of the
copper tube may be caused by too much water
velocity through the tubes and is not covered by
the manufacturer’s warranty (See Boiler Flow
Rates and Temperature Rise for flow
requirements).
Using or storing corrosive chemicals in the
vicinity of this appliance can rapidly attack the
copper tubes and coils and voids warranty.
In case of Condensing or Non-Condensing
DynaFlame, The Main (Primary) Heat Exchanger
is intended to operate under non-condensing
conditions. Inlet water temperatures must be
maintained at 110°F (64°C) or higher. Warranty is
void if the Primary heat exchanger is allowed to
operate in condensing mode.
Damage caused by freezing or dry firing voids
warranty.
This appliance is not to be used for temporary
heating of buildings under construction.
The manufacturer shall NOT be held liable for any
personal injury or property damage due to ice
formation or the dislodging of ice from the vent
system or the vent termination
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1.8
REMOVAL OF EXISTING APPLIANCE
When an existing appliance is removed from a common
venting system, the common venting system is likely to be
too large for proper venting of the appliances remaining
connected to it .At the time of removal of an existing
appliance, the following steps must be followed with each
appliance remaining connected to the common venting
system placed in operation, while the other appliances
remaining connected to the common venting system are
not in operation.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Seal any unused openings in the common venting
system.
Visually inspect the venting system for proper size
and horizontal pitch and determine that there is no
blockage, restriction, leakage, corrosion or other
deficiency, which could cause an unsafe condition.
Insofar as is practical, close all building doors and
windows and all doors between the spaces in
which the appliances remaining connected to the
common venting system are located and other
spaces of the building. If applicable turn on the
clothes dryers and any appliances not connected
to the common venting system. Turn on any
exhaust fans, such as range hoods and bathroom
exhausts, so they will operate at maximum speed.
Do not operate a summer exhaust fan. Close
fireplace dampers.
Place in operation the appliance being inspected.
Follow the lighting instructions. Adjust thermostat
so that appliance operates continuously.
If provided, test for spillage at the barometric
damper relief opening after 5 minutes of main
burner operation. Use a cold mirror, the flame of a
match, or candle or smoke from a cigarette.
After it has been determined that each appliance
remaining connected to the common venting
system properly vents when tested as outlined
above, return doors, windows, exhaust fans,
fireplace dampers and any other gas-burning
appliance to their previous condition of use.
Any improper operation of the common venting
system should be corrected so that the installation
conforms to the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI
Z223.1 and/or CAN/CGA B149, Installation Codes.
When resizing any portion of the common venting
system, the common venting system should be
resized to approach the minimum size as
determined using the appropriate tables in Part 11
of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1 and
/or CAN/CGA B149, Installation Codes.
Heat exchanger surfaces and vent piping should be
checked every six months for deterioration and carbon
deposits. Remove all soot or other obstructions from the
chimney and flue, which might impede draft action. Replace
any damaged or deteriorated parts of the venting system.
A qualified service technician should follow this procedure
when inspecting and cleaning the heat exchanger and vent
pipe.
4
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Turn off electrical power and main manual gas shut-off
and allow appliance to cool down.
Remove the vent pipe running to the chimney and
check heat exchanger, vent and chimney for
obstruction and clean as necessary.
Remove burner from appliance and carefully clean as
required. Never brush or wipe the knitted metal fibber
surface, use a garden hose and wash instead.
Caution: Never use pressure washer to clean the
burner.
Use pressure wash to clean heat exchanger if
necessary.
Reinstall parts removed in steps 2 and 3. Be sure that
vent pipe has proper pitch and is properly sealed.
Replace any damaged gasket. Note that the burner is
supplied with two gaskets; a high temperature ceramic
paper gasket under the burner flange and a stamped
silicon gasket between the burner flange and fan
flange. Tighten fan flange mounting nuts to 20 ft-lb.
Restore electrical power and gas supply to appliance.
Place appliance in operation using lighting instructions
provided.
Confirm proper operation of all safety devices
Check for gas leaks and proper vent operation.
NOTE:
Experience has shown that improper installation or
system design, rather than faulty equipment, is the
cause of most operating problems
1.9
•
•
•
1.10
Install this appliance in a clean, dry location with adequate
air supply and close to a good vent connection.
•
•
•
•
BOILER ROOM OPERATING CONDITION
Due to low jacket losses from the appliance,
temperatures in typical boiler room may drops
significantly; supplemental heat is required to maintain
ambient temperature at minimum of 50ºF.
Cold fresh air intakes must be located to minimize the
effects on venting and subsequent condensation in the
flue of Category I installations. When necessary,
consider the use of insulation or corrosion resistant
venting material.
Camus DynaFlame boilers and water heaters are
approved at 85% efficiency which allows the
equipment to be vented as a Category I appliance
using either single wall “C” vent or double wall “B” vent.
Certain conditions in the field however lead to
condensation in the vent and render these products
unsuitable.
These conditions include and are not necessarily limited to:
6)
7)
8)
9)
Low boiler room temperature.
Low return water temperature.
Long periods of low fire operation.
Oversized breeching in common venting
applications.
10) Proximity to combustion air openings.
Given the frequency of these conditions occurring in the
field, we are recommending the use of corrosion resistant
stainless steel venting wherever possible.
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE LOCATION
OF UNIT
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not locate this appliance in an area where it will be
subject to freezing unless precautions are taken.
Radiant losses from the DynaFlame are minimal and
should not be relied on to keep the appliance room
warm. If the appliance is installed in a cold room and/or
on a cold floor, isolating the appliance from the cold
floor and heating the room is recommended.
The appliance must not be installed on carpeting and
should be located close to a floor drain in an area
where leakage from the appliance or connections will
not result in damage to the adjacent area or to lower
floors in the structure, it is recommended that a
suitable drain pan, adequately drained, be installed
under the unit. Under no circumstances is the
manufacturer to be held responsible for water damage
in connection with this unit, or any of its components.
If the appliance is installed above the level of the
building’s radiation system, a low water cut-off device
must be installed in the appliance outlet at a minimum
of 3 ft (1M) above the heat exchanger inlet/outlet
connections. Some local codes require the installation
of a low water cut-off on all systems
When placing the appliance be aware that a minimum
clearance of 24” must be provided at the front to allow
easy access to the primary heat exchanger. Noncondensing units do not require access through both
sides and could be placed adjacent to each other with
zero clearance. For condensing units a minimum
clearance of 12” must be provided on the right side for
access to the Condensing Heat Recovery Module.
The appliance must be installed so that the ignition
system components are protected from water
(dripping, spraying, etc.) during appliance operation
and service (circulator replacement, control
replacement, etc.)
Appliances located in a residential garage and in
adjacent spaces that open to the garage and are not
part of the living space of a dwelling unit must be
installed so that all burners and burner ignition devices
have a minimum clearance of not less than 18" (46cm)
above the floor. The appliance must be located or
protected so that it is not subject to physical damage
by a moving vehicle.
DO NOT install this appliance in any location where
gasoline or flammable vapors are likely to be present.
Appliance must be installed on a level floor. Maintain
required clearances from combustible surfaces.
The appliance designed for indoor installation (Indoor
Models) must be installed indoors where it is protected
from exposure to wind, rain and weather.
The appliance designed for outdoor installation
(Outdoor Models) must be installed outdoors. For
outdoor installations, always consider the use of a
shelter such as a garden shed in lieu of direct
exposure of the appliance to the elements. The
additional protection afforded by the shelter will help to
minimize nuisance problems with electrical
connections and will allow easier servicing of the
appliance under severe weather conditions.
5
1.11
Table 2
Clearance from Combustible Material
This appliance is suitable for alcove (a closet without a
door) installation with minimum clearances to combustibles
as follows:
Table 1
Clearances from Combustibles
TOP:
12”
SIDES:
12”
REAR:
12”
VENT:
6”
Service Clearances
Model
Numbers
500
750
1100
1200
1500
1750
2000
2500
3000
When placing the appliance be aware that a minimum
clearance of 24” (60cm) must be provided at the front to
allow easy access to the primary heat exchanger.
NOTE: Clearances from combustible construction are
noted on the appliance rating plate
Maintain minimum specified clearances for adequate
operation. All installations must allow sufficient space for
servicing the vent connections, water pipe connections,
circulating pump, bypass piping and other auxiliary
equipment, as well as the appliance
3500
4000
4500
5000
Service Clearance, Inches (cm)
Right
Left
Top
Back
Side
Side
24”
12”
12”
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
24”
12”
12”
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
24”
12”
12”
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
24”
12”
12”
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
24”
12”
12”
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
24”
12”
12”
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
24”
12”
12”
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
24”
12”
12”
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
24”
12”
12”
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
24”
12”
12”
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
30”
12”
12”
*
(77cm) (30cm) (30cm)
35”
12”
12”
*
(89cm) (30cm) (30cm)
40”
12”
12”
*
(102cm) (30cm) (30cm)
*Allow adequate space for the venting in addition to 6”
clearance to combustibles.
6
Table 3 – Appliance Dimensions and Specifications
7
PART 2
VENTING
It is extremely important to follow these venting
instructions carefully. Failure to do so can cause
severe personal injury, death or substantial property
damage.
•
•
•
Foam Core Pipe, PVC, CPVC are not to be used in any
part of the venting system.
2.1
GENERAL VENTING GUIDE
•
Figure 1
•
Vent connectors serving appliances vented by natural
draft shall not be connected into any portion of
mechanical draft systems operating under positive
pressure.
Horizontal runs of vent pipe shall be securely
supported (approximately every 4 feet) to prevent
sagging and maintain a minimum upward slope of ¼"
per foot from the appliance to the vent terminal.
The weight of the venting system must not rest on the
unit. Adequate support of the venting system must be
provided in compliance with local codes and other
applicable codes.
All connections should be secured and sealed per the
vent manufacturers specifications. When a Positive
vent system is disconnected for any reason, the flue
must be reassembled and resealed according to the
vent manufacturer’s instructions.
Do not use an existing chimney as a raceway if
another appliance or fireplace is vented through the
chimney.
2.1.1
CATEGORY I AND CATEGORY Ill VENTING
A Category I or Ill venting system for the flue products is
required on all non-condensing models (DynaFlame without
CHRM). A Category I venting system operate with a
negative pressure in the vent. The Category Ill venting
system operates with positive pressure generated by the
internal combustion air fan.
•
•
The DynaFlame is a category I, 85% efficient unit, supplied
as a non-condensing appliance.
•
When supplied with the Condenser Heat Recovery
Module (CHRM).The DynaFlame is 95% efficient and
is considered to be a category II appliance.
•
Vent installations for connection to gas vents or
chimneys must be in accordance with Part 7, “Venting
of Equipment,” of the latest edition of the National Fuel
Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1, in Canada, the latest edition
of CAN/CGA Standard B149 Installation Codes for Gas
Burning Appliances and Equipment or applicable
provisions of the local building codes.
•
The distance of the vent terminal from adjacent
buildings, windows that open and building openings
MUST comply with the latest edition of the National
Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1, in Canada, the latest
edition of CAN/CGA Standard B149 Installation Code
for Gas Burning Appliances and Equipment.
•
Vent connection is made directly to the flue outlet
opening on the back of the unit. The connection from
the appliance vent to the stack must be made as direct
as possible.
•
Appliances for outdoor installation are intended to vent
using a listed vent cap. For indoor installations venting
must be in accordance with Part 7, Venting of
Equipment, of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI
Z223.1, or Section 7, Venting of Equipment and Air
Supply for Appliances, of the CAN/CGA B149,
Installation Codes, or applicable provisions of the local
building codes.
•
•
•
•
•
•
The Category I flues from multiple appliances can be
combined into a common vent using recommendations
from published venting tables.
Controls of single or multiple Category I appliances
may subject appliances to low fire operation for long
periods depending on control strategies being used.
Under this condition the venting does not reach the
temperatures required for evaporation of flue gas
condensation generated from initial start-up. To
prevent nuisance condensation, avoid this operating
condition or use corrosion resistant stainless steel
venting.
The Category Ill flues from multiple appliances can
NOT be combined into a common vent.
The Category Ill flue must be a dedicated stack.
The Category Ill Flue appliance must have all vent
joints and seams gas-tight. Unless a special venting
system made from AL29-4C is used which has integral
seals, all vent connector seams and joints must be
sealed with pressure sensitive aluminium tape or
silicone sealant as specified by the vent manufacturer.
Aluminium tape must meet the provisions of SMACNA
AFTS -100-73 Standard.
The flue products in a category III vent system may be
cooled below their dew point and form condensate in
the flue. Corrosion resistant stainless steel must be
used for the venting.
When venting category III appliance thru unheated
spaces insulation should be wrapped around single
wall vent pipe to minimize the possibility of flue gas
condensation inside the vent unless Al29-4C special
venting is used. The authorities have jurisdiction must
approve venting prior to insulating.
The flue from a Category IIl vent system must have
provisions to properly collect and dispose of any
condensate that may occur in the venting system.
8
2.1.2
•
•
Venting Guidelines for Category I and/or Ill
Venting
The installed length of the positive pressure flue from
the appliance to the point of termination, outside of the
building, must not exceed a maximum of 100
equivalent feet (30.5 m) in length. Depending on
diameter and centreline radius subtract from 7 to 19
feet per 90° elbow using published data. Subtract half
this value for each 45° elbow.
The flue may terminate either vertically at the roof top
or horizontally on a THRUWALL. See the information
about the specific vent termination location for
recommended location and clearances.
2.1.3
CATEGORY II AND CATEGORY IV VENTING
A Category II or IV venting system for the flue products is
required on all condensing models (DynaFlame with
CHRM).
A Category II venting system operates with a negative
pressure in the vent.
The Category IV venting system operates with positive
pressure generated by the internal combustion air fan
which operates the combustion process and also exhausts
the flue products from the building.
•
The Category II flues from multiple appliances can be
combined into a common vent, this special venting
system must be engineered by venting manufacturer
and to be approved by local authority.
•
The Category IV flues from multiple appliances can
NOT be combined into a common vent.
•
The Category IV flue must be a dedicated stack.
•
The Category IV Flue appliance must have all vent
joints and seams sealed gas-tight
•
The flue products in the vent system will be cooled
below their dew point and form condensate in the flue
and must use AL29-4C material.
•
The flue from a Category II and IV vent system must
have a condensate drain with provisions to properly
collect and dispose of any condensate that may occur.
2.1.4
•
•
Venting Guidelines for Category II and/or IV
Venting
The installed length of the Positive pressure flue from
the appliance to the point of termination, outside of the
building, must not exceed a maximum of 100
equivalent feet (30.5M) in length. Depending on
diameter and centerline radius subtract from 7 to 19
feet per 90° elbow using published data. Subtract half
this value for each 45° elbow.
The flue may terminate either vertically at the roof top
or horizontally on a THRUWALL. See the information
about the specific vent termination location for
recommended location and clearances.
2.1.5
APPROVED VENTING MATERIALS
Exhaust Vent for Use for DynaFlame Non-condensing
Category lll Installations
1 Corrosion resistant stainless steel single wall.
2 AL29-4C or equivalent, single or double wall.
Exhaust Vent for Use for DynaFlame Condensing
Category ll or lV Installations
1
2
Vent material selection for condensing and near
condensing applications
Camus condensing and near condensing boilers/water
heaters are category II or IV appliances and the exhaust
vent material must be UL/ULC listed for use with category
IV appliances operating under positive pressure in
condensing flue gas service.
Currently, manufactured prefabricated UL/ULC listed vents
of AL29-4C or 316L stainless steel must be used with the
Camus condensing and near condensing boiler/water
heaters.
When selecting vent material take into consideration that
appliances installed near a corrosive or potentially corrosive
air supply must be isolated from it or they will suffer
damage to the appliance and the venting system.
The corrosion resistance of AL29-4C is typically higher than
that of 316L. Always choose the venting system which best
satisfies the requirements of the application.
This recommendation does not supersede local codes
or the provision of the B149 in Canada or the National
Fuel Gas Code in the United States
Intake Air (Supply Air, or Fresh Air) Piping
1
2
3
4
5
3
4
“B” type.
Stainless Steel Single Wall (required when operating
appliance at low fire for long periods).
“C” Vent.
Equivalent or higher rated than above
PVC Non Foam Core Pipe.
CPVC (Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride).
ABS (Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene).
Single wall, galvanized
Single wall, Stainless Steel
Single wall vent pipes are to be insulated 5 feet from wall
toward the interior of the building to minimize external
sweating.
2.1.6
•
•
•
Exhaust Vent for Use for DynaFlame Non-condensing
Category l Installations
1
2
AL29-4Cor equivalent, Single or Double Wall.
“BH” type.
•
VENT TERMINATION CLEARANCES
Do not terminate the vent in a window well, stairwell,
alcove, courtyard or other recessed area. The vent
cannot terminate below grade. The bottom of the vent
terminal shall be located at least 12 inches (30cm)
above grade and above normal snow levels. In all
cases the appliance shall be installed in accordance
with local codes.
To avoid a blocked flue condition, keep the vent
cap/terminal clear of snow, ice, leaves, debris, etc.
Flue gases from this appliance may contain large
amounts of water vapour that will form a white plume in
winter. Plume could obstruct a window view.
Flue gas condensate can freeze on exterior walls or on
the vent cap. Frozen condensate on the vent cap can
result in a blocked flue condition. Some discoloration to
exterior building surfaces can be expected. Adjacent
brick or masonry surfaces should be protected with a
rust resistant sheet metal plate.
9
2.1.7
INLET CAP FOR ROOFTOP TERMINATION
The air inlet cap consists of two 90° elbows installed at the
point of termination for the air inlet pipe. The first 90° elbow
is installed on the rooftop at the highest vertical point of the
air inlet pipe and turned horizontal; the second 90° elbow is
screened and is installed on the horizontal outlet of the first
elbow and turned down. A 90° elbow and a 90° street elbow
may be used to make this assembly. If a straight piece of
pipe is used between the two elbows, it should not exceed
6" (150mm) in length.
2.1.8
•
•
•
•
•
•
LOCATION OF A ROOFTOP AIR INLET AND
VENT CAPS
The point of termination for the combustion air inlet cap
MUST be at least 3 feet (0.91M) below the point of flue
gas termination (vent cap) if it is located within a 5 foot
(1.5M) radius of the flue outlet. Use care to ensure that
the 90° elbow assembly is properly installed on the air
inlet pipe.
The termination point of the combustion air inlet cap
must be installed at least 3 feet (0.91M) above the
rooftop and above normal snow levels.
The vent cap assembly MUST be listed by nationally
recognized agencies.
The combustion air cap and vent cap MUST be located
on the same roof top surface and in the same pressure
zone
Combustion air supplied from outdoors must be free of
contaminants. To prevent recirculation of flue products
in to the combustion air inlet, follow all instructions in
this section.
Incorrect installation and/or location of the air inlet cap
can allow flue products to be drawn back into the
appliance. This can result in incomplete combustion
and potentially hazardous levels of carbon monoxide in
the flue products. This will cause operational problems
with the appliance and if left uncorrected, will lead to
conditions that can cause personal injury or death.
2.1.9
AIR INLET DAMPER
In warmer climates, during cold weather, the use of ducted
outdoor air may result in the formation of condensation on
the interior panels of the combustion chamber. It may be
possible for this condensation to accumulate and drip out of
the appliance jacket. If this is not acceptable, it is advisable
to install a motorized combustion air damper in the
combustion air duct interlocked with the appliance’s start
circuit. In cold climates it is essential to provide a motorized
air inlet damper to control the supply of combustion air and
prevent nuisance condensation
2.1.10
MASONARY CHIMNEY INSULATIONS
Always follow local codes when venting this appliance into
a masonry chimney. A standard masonry chimney must
NOT be used to vent the products of combustion from the
flue of a Condensing, positive or negative pressure
appliance (Category II or IV). If a masonry chimney is to be
used, the chimney MUST use a sealed, metallic, corrosion
resistant liner system to vent flue products from this high
efficiency appliance. Sealed, metallic, corrosion resistant
liner systems (AL29-4C or equivalent, single wall or doublewall, or flexible or rigid metallic liners) must be rated for use
with a high efficiency condensing, positive pressure vent
system. Corrosion resistant chimney liner systems are
typically made from a high grade of corrosion resistant
stainless steel such as AL29-4C or equivalent. The
corrosion resistant liner must be properly sized and fully
sealed throughout the entire length. If the flue is contained
within the masonry chimney both the top and the bottom of
the masonry chimney must be capped and sealed to
provide a dead air space around the sealed corrosion
resistant metallic liner.
Consult with local code officials to determine code
requirements or the advisability of using a masonry
chimney with a sealed corrosion resistant liner system.
2.1.11
•
•
•
•
Vertical Venting Termination
Follow Category II or IV vent termination and all
General instructions.
The vent terminal should be vertical and exhaust
outside the building at least 2 feet (0.61M) above the
highest point of the roof within a 10 foot (3.05M) radius
of the termination.
The vertical termination must be a minimum of 3 feet
(0.91M) above the point of exit.
A vertical termination less than 10 feet (3.05M) from a
parapet wall must be a minimum of 2 feet (0.61M)
higher than the parapet wall.
2.1.12
COMBINED COMBUSTION AIR INLET
The air inlet pipes from multiple appliances can be
combined to a single common connection if the common air
inlet pipe has a cross sectional area equal to or larger than
the total area of all air inlet pipes connected to the common
air inlet pipe.
Equivalent pipe diameter = Sq Root [(d1)2 + (d2)2+ (d3)2 +
2
2
(d4) +……+ (dn) ], d, pipe diameter
™
Example: What is equivalent pipe diameter of three air
inlet pipes, 8" (20.3 cm), 10” (25.4 cm) and 12” (30.5
cm)
Equivalent pipe diameter = Sq Root [(8)2 + (10)2 + (12)2] =
Sq Root (308) = 17.5”, Select 18” (82.8 cm) diameter pipe
or larger.
The air inlet point for multiple boiler air inlets must be
provided with an exterior opening which has a free area
equal to or greater than the total area of all air inlet pipes
connected to the common air inlet. This exterior opening for
combustion air must connect directly to the outdoors. The
total length of the combined air inlet pipe must not exceed a
maximum of 100” (30.5M) equivalent feet. You must deduct
the restriction in area provided by any screens, grills or
louvers installed in the common air inlet point. Screens,
grills or louvers installed in the common air inlet can reduce
the free area of the opening from 25% to 75% based on the
materials used. Calculate and compensate accordingly for
the restriction.
10
2.1.13
DRAIN TEE
Figure 2 – Drain “T” and Neutralizer Cartridge
Installation
Table 4: Vent Size for Conventional venting
Sidewall,
Conventional
Condensing or
Model No.
Vent size, Inch
Outdoor Vent
Size, Inch
500
6
8
750
8
10
1100
8
10
1200
8
10
1500
10
12
1750
10
12
2000
12
14
2500
12
14
3000
12
14
3500
14
16
4000
14
16
4500
14
16
5000
14
16
•
•
A drain tee MUST be installed in the Condensing vent pipe
to collect and dispose of any condensate that may occur in
the vent system. The drain tee should be installed at the
point where the flue turns vertical for a roof top termination
or as one of the first fittings in a horizontal flue that will
terminate on a THRUWALL. Ensure that horizontal portions
of the vent are properly sloped to allow condensate to be
evacuated at the drain tee. Plastic drain tubing, sized per
the vent manufacturer’s instructions, shall be provided as a
drain line from the tee. The drain tubing must have a trap
provided by a 4" (10cm)-diameter circular trap loop in the
drain tubing. Prime the trap loop by pouring a small quantity
of water into the drain hose before assembly to the vent.
Secure the trap loop in position with nylon ties. Use caution
not to collapse or restrict the condensate drain line with the
nylon wire ties. The condensate drain must be routed to the
condensate neutralization system or a suitable drain for
disposal of condensate that may occur in the vent system.
•
CONDENSING
•
The DynaFlame condensing version is a category II
appliance and is approved for venting into a common
Chimney. If drafts are excessive (above negative 0.15
Inches W.C.), we recommend a single acting
barometric damper.
A qualified professional using a proven vent-sizing
program with input of accurate operating parameters
must properly do sizing of the venting system. In
applications where flue gas temperatures are lower
than can support a Category II with conventional
negative draft, it will be determined at the venting
design stage that a positive pressure will be developed
in the vent. It will then be necessary to either provide
separate vents as for Category IV, pressurize the room
or to provide an extractor at the chimney outlet
interlocked with the appliance operating circuit in order
to maintain a negative draft in the chimney and allow
common venting.
Approval of the installation will be at the discretion of
authorities having jurisdiction.
•
Ensure that the drain from the condensate tee is not
exposed to freezing temperature.
2.2
CONVENTIONAL VENTING (INDOOR)
INSTALLATIONS
•
NON – CONDENSING
•
The DynaFlame non-condensing is a category I
appliance and is approved for venting into a common
standard chimney. If drafts are excessive (above
negative 0.15 Inches W.C.), install a single acting
barometric damper directly past the appliance’s flue
outlet. This damper will control excessive draft &
minimize standby losses.
Multiple appliances may be vented into a conventional
chimney. The chimney must be lined. And a single
acting barometric damper must be provided for each
appliance. Vent diameters are to be increased
according to following table 4.
•
The chimney must be protected from down drafts, rain
and debris by using a listed chimney cap.
If the appliance is located in a room maintained at low
temperature and is being run for extended periods of
time at low fire it is likely that condensation will be
formed in the vent. Consideration must be given to
heating the room or providing a special venting system
similar to that used for condensing appliance
application
•
•
IN GENERAL
•
The operation of exhaust fans, compressors, air
handling units etc. can rob air from the room, creating
a negative pressure condition leading to reversal of the
natural draft action of the venting system. Under these
circumstances an engineered air supply is necessary.
If the appliance is to be installed near a corrosive or
potentially corrosive air supply, the appliance must be
isolated from it and outside air should be supplied as
per code.
•
11
•
•
3.
Potentially corrosive atmospheres will result from
exposure to permanent wave solution, chlorinated
waxes and cleaners, chlorine, water softening
chemicals, carbon tetrachloride, halogen based
refrigerants, Freon cleaning solvents, hydrochloric
acid, cements and glues, masonry washing materials,
antistatic fabric softeners, dry cleaning solvents,
degreasing liquids, printing inks, paint removers, etc.
The equipment room MUST be provided with properly
sized openings to assure adequate combustion air and
proper ventilation when the unit is installed with a
proper venting system.
2.2.1
Air Required For Combustion and Ventilation
If air is taken directly from outside the building with no duct,
provide two permanent openings:
a)
Net free area for combustion air opening shall be in
accordance with all applicable codes. In the absence of
such codes provide combustion air opening with a
minimum free area of one square inch per 7000 Btuh
input (5.5 cm per kW) up to 1,000,000 Btuh and one
square inch per 14,000 Btuh in excess of 1.000,000
Btuh. This opening must be ducted no .higher than 18”
nor less than 6” above the floor. Provide a ventilation
air opening located as high as practical in the room
sized no less than 10% of the air supply opening.
b) Provision for combustion and ventilation must be in
accordance with :
•
Applicable sections of The National Fuel Gas ode
ANSI Z223.1
•
Applicable sections of CAN/CGA B149 installation
Codes
•
Applicable provisions of the local building codes.
NOTE
Outside air openings shall directly communicate with the
outdoors.
CAUTION
Under no circumstances should the mechanical room ever
be under a negative pressure. Particular care should be
taken where exhaust fan, attic fans, clothes dryers,
compressors, air handling units, etc., may take away air
from the unit.
2.2.2
5.
Avoid installation in areas where runoff from adjacent
building can spill onto appliance.
For outdoor installations, always consider the use of a
shelter such as a garden shed in lieu of direct exposure of
the appliance to the elements. The additional protection
afforded by the shelter will help to minimize nuisance
problems with electrical connections and will allow easier
servicing of the appliance under severe weather conditions.
2.4
THRUWALL VENTING
When fitted with the factory supplied vent terminal, the
DynaFlame can vent up to 100 equivalent feet. Elbows can
range from 7 to 19 feet in equivalent length depending on
centreline radius. Vent sizes are 6" for Model 500, 8" for
Models 750, 1100 & 1200, 10” for Models1500 & 1750, 12”
for Models 2000, 2500 & 3000, and 14” for Models 3500,
4000, 4500 & 5000
Appliances may be installed with either a horizontal
sidewall vent or vertical roof top vent. Terminals differ with
each application. Horizontal lengths over 5 feet must be
installed using corrosion resistant stainless steel. Use
single wall vent and seal all joints or use pressure rated
double wall vent.
When using single wall vent, all vent connector seams and
joints must be sealed with pressure sensitive aluminium
tape or silicone sealant as specified by the vent
manufacturer. Aluminium tape must meet the provisions of
SMACNA AFTS-100-73 Standard.
When venting through unheated spaces, use venting
material which will minimize flue gas condensation inside
the vent. Provisions must be made for collecting and
disposing of any condensation which may occur. The
authorities having jurisdiction must approve venting.
Periodically check to ensure that the vent terminal is
unobstructed.
EXHAUST FANS
Any fan or equipment which exhausts air from the
equipment room may deplete the combustion air supply
and/or cause a downdraft in the venting system through a
barometric damper if installed. Spillage of flue products
from the venting system into an occupied living space can
cause a very hazardous condition that must be immediately
corrected.
2.3
4.
Locate appliance at least 3 feet away from any
overhang.
Locate appliance at least ten feet from building air
intake.
OUTDOOR VENTING
This venting system uses the appliance’s internal
combustion air fan to force the flue products out
horizontally. Vent cap and venting must be listed type
Category IV vent materials.
The DynaFlame fan generates a positive pressure in the
flue. Combustion air is drawn from the equipment room The
THRUWALL termination caps are available from the factory
as a kit.
The DynaFlame windproof cabinet protects the unit from
weather, when fitted with the factory supplied air intake and
UL approved vent cap (93-0298), it will be self-venting and
suitable for outdoor installation.
Refer to local codes for proper installation and location of
vent terminals.
1.
•
2.
Outdoor models must be installed outdoors and must
use the Air Intake and Vent Cap supplied by Camus
Hydronics.
Periodically check to ensure that air intake and vent
cap are not obstructed.
2.4.1
THRUWALL Vent Cap (14-0090) THRUWALL
Intake Air Cap (14-0101)
The THRUWALL vent cap kit includes the wall
penetration assembly and the discharge screen
assembly.
12
•
•
•
•
The opening through the wall for installation of the
THRUWALL vent cap must provide an air space
clearance of 1 inch (2.5cm) around the flue pipe. The
diameter of the opening for installation of the
THRUWALL vent cap will be 2 inches (5cm) larger
than the nominal diameter of the installed vent pipe to
the THRUWALL vent cap. The diameter of the opening
for the air inlet cap will be the same as the nominal
size of the pipe.
Install the proper vent pipe to the vent cap (provided by
Camus Hydronics).
Follow all requirements in the General Venting sections
for venting flue products to the outdoors.
Table 5 – Vent and Air Inlet Cap Size
Model No.
Vent and Air Inlet cap size
6”
500
8”
750
8”
1100
8”
1200
10”
1500
10”
1750
12”
2000
12”
2500
12”
3000
14”
3500
14”
4000
14”
4500
14”
5000
2.4.2
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Location of A THRUWALL Vent Termination
The vent cap shall terminate at least 3 feet (1M) above
any forced air inlet within 10 feet (3M) horizontally.
The vent cap MUST NOT terminate below a forced air
intake at any distance.
Do not terminate the vent in a window well, stairwell,
alcove, courtyard or other recessed area. The vent
cannot terminate below grade.
The vent shall not terminate less than 7 feet above a
public walkway due to the normal formation of water
vapour in the combustion process.
The vent system shall terminate at least 3 foot (1M)
above grade, above normal snow levels and at least 7
feet (2.15M) above grade when located adjacent to
public walkways.
The vent terminal shall not be installed closer than 3
feet (1M) from an inside corner of an L-shaped
structure.
The vent cap should have a minimum clearance of 4
feet (1.25M) horizontally from and in no case above or
below, unless a 4-foot (1.25 m) horizontal distance is
maintained from electric meters, gas meters, regulators
and relief equipment. In all cases local codes take
precedence.
Flue gas condensate can freeze on exterior walls or on
the vent cap. Frozen condensate on the vent cap can
result in a blocked flue condition. Some discoloration to
exterior building surfaces can be expected. Adjacent
brick or masonry surfaces should be protected with a
rust resistant sheet metal plate.
The THRUWALL vent cap MUST be purchased as a kit
from the factory to ensure proper operation. Locally
purchased or fabricated THRUWALL vent caps should
not be used.
2.4.3
•
•
The termination point of the THRUWALL air inlet must
be installed a minimum of 3 feet above ground level
and above normal levels of snow accumulation.
The point of termination for the THRUWALL
combustion air inlet cap MUST be located a minimum
of 3 feet (1M) horizontally and 12 inches (0.30M) below
the point of flue gas termination (vent cap) if it is
located within a 10 foot (3M) radius of the flue outlet.
2.4.4
•
LOCATION OF A “THRUWALL” AIR INLET CAP
AIR INLET DAMPER
In warmer climates, during cold weather, the use of
ducted outdoor air may result in the formation of
condensation on the interior panels of the combustion
chamber. It may be possible for this condensation to
accumulate and drip out of the appliance jacket. If this
is not acceptable, it is advisable to install a motorized
combustion air damper in the combustion air duct
interlocked with the appliance’s start circuit. In cold
climates it is essential to provide a motorized air inlet
damper to control the supply of combustion air and
prevent nuisance condensation
2.4.5
LENGTH OF AIR INLET PIPE
The maximum total length of the THRUWALL or vertical
roof top combustion air inlet pipe as installed from the
appliance to the air inlet cap must not exceed (100 ft)
equivalent feet (30.5m) in length. Subtract 7 (2.13 m) to 19
feet (5.8 m) of equivalent length depending on centreline
radius for each 90° elbow installed in the air inlet pipe
system. Pressure drop in 45° elbow will be half as much.
Do not exceed limits for the combustion air inlet piping
lengths.
PART 3
GAS CONNECTION
Verify that the appliance is supplied with the type gas
specified on the rating plate. Consult factory for installations
at high altitude.
3.1
•
•
•
•
•
•
GAS CONNECTION
Safe operation of unit requires properly sized gas
supply piping. See gas line sizing data.
Gas pipe size may be larger than appliance
connection.
Installation of a union at the appliance gas line
connection is required for ease of service and removal
of the gas train.
Install a manual main gas shutoff valve, outside of the
appliance gas connection as require by local codes.
A trap (drip leg) MUST be provided in the inlet gas
connection to the appliance.
Optional gas controls may require routing of bleeds
and vents to the atmosphere, outside the building
when required by local codes.
13
Table 6 – RECOMMENDED GAS PIPE SIZE
Single Appliance Installation
(For distance from natural gas meter or propane second
stage regulator)
0-100 FT
Input
Btu/Hr
NAT.
L.P.
500,000
1 ½“
1 ¼“
750,000
2”
1 ½“
1,100,000
2”
1 ½“
1,200,000
2”
1 ½“
1,500,000
2 ½”
2”
1,750,000
2 ½”
2”
2,000,000
2 ½”
2”
2,500,000
3”
2 ½”
3,000,000
3”
2 ½”
3,500,000
3”
2 ½”
4,000,000
3 ½”
3”
4,500,000
3 ½”
3”
5,000,000
4”
3 ½”
Input
101-200 FT
Btu/Hr
NAT.
L.P.
500,000
2”
1 ½”
750,000
2”
1 ½“
1,100,000
2”
1 ½“
1,200,000
2 ½”
2”
1,500,000
2 ½”
2”
1,750,000
3”
2 ½”
2,000,000
3”
2 ½”
2,500,000
3”
2 ½”
3,000,000
3”
2 ½”
3,500,000
3 ½”
3”
4,000,000
4”
3 ½”
4,500,000
4”
3 ½”
5,000,000
4”
3 ½”
Input
201-300 FT
Btu/Hr
NAT.
L.P.
500,000
2”
1 ½”
750,000
2 ½”
2”
1,100,000
2 ½”
2”
1,200,000
2 ½”
2”
1,500,000
3”
2 ½”
1,750,000
3”
2 ½”
2,000,000
3”
2 ½”
2,500,000
3 1/2”
3”
3,000,000
3 1/2”
3”
3,500,000
4”
3 ½”
4,000,000
4”
3 ½”
4,500,000
4”
3 ½”
5,000,000
5”
4”
3.2
GAS PIPING
All gas connections must be made with pipe joint
compound resistant to the action of liquefied petroleum and
natural gas. All piping must comply with local codes and
ordinances.
3.3
•
•
•
Install a manual main gas shutoff valve at the
appliance gas inlet, outside of the appliance and before
the gas valve. Install a joint union at the appliance gas
line connection for ease of service and removal of the
gas train.
•
Run pipe to the Appliance gas inlet.
•
Install a sediment trap in the supply line to the
Appliance gas inlet.
•
Apply a moderate amount of good quality pipe
compound.
•
For LP gas, consult your LP gas supplier for expert
installation.
The appliance and its individual gas shut-off valve must be
disconnected from the supply piping when pressure testing
the gas supply piping at pressures above ½ PSI
Table 7 – Gas pressures at inlet to appliance
NATURAL
PROPANE
GAS
Minimum (inches W.C.)
11
3
Maximum (inches W.C.)
11
14
The gas supply line must be of adequate size to prevent
undue pressure drop and must never be smaller than the
size of the connection on the appliance. Sizing based on
Table 6 is recommended.
Before operating the appliance, the complete gas train and
all connections must be tested using soap solution.
Verify that the appliance is supplied with the type gas
specified on the rating plate. Heating values of local natural
gas are to be between 950 and 1010 Btu/ft3. Consult factory
if heating values are outside this range or if a gas with a
mixture of constituents is being used.
3.4
•
•
•
•
INSTALL PIPING
The gas line should sufficient to handle the total
installed capacity. Verify pipe size with your gas
supplier.
Use new, properly threaded black iron pipe free from
burrs. Avoid flexible gas connections. Internal diameter
of flexible gas lines may not provide appliance with
proper volume of gas.
•
•
DIFFERENTIAL AIR PRESSURE
The Dynaflame operates on the principle of differential
pressures. Operation of the fan generates a signal
which is matched on the gas side by the 1 to 1 air/gas
ratio control valve.
The differential air pressure measurement is made
between the high and low pressure taps across the fan
discharge and the flue vent. All differential air
pressures are noted at full firing rate. There are two
pressure taps at the fan discharge and care must be
taken to tee into the correct line. The correct line may
be identified by tracing it back to the ratio control valve
where the identification of the tapping is stamped into
the die cast actuator.
The differential gas pressure measurement is made
between the high and low pressure taps across the inline metering gas orifice. Check this value to confirm
that it matches the differential air pressure while the
appliance is firing.
The controls on this appliance may fire the burner from
35% up to 100% for non-condensing and from 20% up
to 100 % for condensing of rated input.
Differential manifold gas pressure will be reduced as
burner input is reduced.
All reference gas pressure measurements must be
made at 100% of rated burner input.
14
•
The differential gas manifold pressure is pre-set at the
factory through the ratio gas valve. Adjustment of
manifold pressure is not normally required for proper
operation. In the field it may be necessary to adjust the
low fire adjustment screw located on the ratio control
valve actuator in order to achieve acceptable light off
under soft start field conditions.
Table 8
NOMINAL DIFFERENTIAL AIR PRESSURE SETTINGS
AT FULL FIRE (inches W.C.)
Model No.
Natural Gas & L. P. Gas
500
1.3
750
1.8
1100
2.6
1200
3.4
1500
2.7
1750
3.0
2000
3.7
2500
4.0
3000
4.8
3500
3.7
4000
5.0
4500
7.6
5000
9.5
3.5
GAS MANIFOLD DIFFERENTIAL
PRESSURE ADJUSTMENT
Tampering with gas valve adjustments after startup and
commissioning will void the warranty on the gas valve
assembly and the burner.
The appliance’s manifold gas pressure IS NOT field
adjustable after startup and commissioning. The gas valve
pressure ratios have been factory set with an internal bias
adjustment to ensure a 1:1 air/gas ratio on operation.
Tampering with this adjustment will void the warranty on the
gas valve assembly and the burner. An appliance supplied
with a properly sized gas line, properly sized meter and a
minimum gas supply pressure (See table 7 for minimum
allowable inlet gas supply pressure) while firing at full rate
will ensure full burner input. The manifold pressure supplied
to the burner is a differential pressure. This pressure is the
result of the difference in two gas pressure measurements.
A differential manifold gas pressure measurement should
not be made until you have measured the gas supply
pressure. Gas supply pressure must be at least at minimum
allowed with all appliances on the gas line firing at full rate
before a manifold pressure measurement is made. Use the
following procedure to check gas supply pressure with a
manometer connected to the inlet pressure tap on the gas
line connection at the rear of the appliance.
3.6
•
•
•
CHECKING GAS SUPPLY PRESSURE
Turn the main power switch to “OFF” position.
Shut off gas supply at the manual gas cock in the gas
piping to the appliance. If fuel supply is LP gas, shut off
gas supply at the tank.
Remove the 1/8" hex plug from the gas pressure test
port located on the inlet gas supply connection at the
rear of the appliance. Install a fitting in the inlet
pressure tapping suitable to connect to a manometer
or magnahelic gauge. Range of scale should be 0 to
14 inch W.C. or greater to check inlet pressure
•
Turn on gas supply at the field installed manual gas
cock; turn on LP gas at tank if required.
•
Turn the power switch to “ON” position.
•
Adjust the thermostat set point to call for heat.
•
Observe the gas supply pressure as the burner fires at
100% of rated input.
•
Ensure inlet pressure is within specified range.
Minimum and maximum gas supply pressures are
specified in Gas Supply section of this manual.
•
If gas pressure is out of range, contact the gas utility,
gas supplier, qualified installer or service agency to
determine necessary steps to provide proper gas
pressure to the control.
•
If gas supply pressure is within normal range, proceed
to remove gas manometer and replace pressure tap
fittings in the gas piping to the appliance.
•
Turn on gas supply at the manual valve; turn on LP
gas at tank if required.
•
Turn the power switch to “ON” position.
•
Adjust the thermostat temperature set point to the
desired water temperature so the appliance will call for
heat.
•
Check appliance performance by cycling the system
while you observe burner response. The burner should
ignite promptly. Flame pattern should be stable, see
“Maintenance-Normal Flame Pattern.” Turn system off
and allow burner to cool, then cycle burner again to
ensure proper ignition and flame characteristics.
IMPORTANT
Upon completion of any testing on the gas system, leak test
all gas connections with a soap solution while the main
burner is firing. Immediately repair any leak found in the
gas train or related components. DO NOT operate an
appliance with a leak in the gas train, valves or related gas
piping.
Regulated Gas Supply Pressures for Dynaflame Boilers
& Water Heaters
A stable gas supply pressure is extremely important to
avoid rough starts with machines like the DynaFlame which
use a 1 to 1 ratio control valve for internal gas pressure
regulation.
Camus requires that the DynaFlame models 3000 and
above be supplied with no more than 9” W.C. supply
pressure. This means that lockup pressure must not
exceed 9” W.C.
A suitable lockup regulator will not exceed running pressure
by more than 20% , which means that the regulator must be
capable of rated gas flow with a maximum running supply
pressure of 7.5” W.C. Running supply pressures can drop
to as low as 3” without affecting the appliance operation.
Each boiler needs to be installed with a final stage regulator
that is to be located as close as possible but no more than
10 feet from the appliance.
It is paramount that maximum lockup pressure be
confirmed before any attempt is made to start up the
appliance.
Operating the DynaFlame at lockup pressures exceeding 9”
W.C. is not recommended and could lead to delayed
ignitions and damage to the appliance.
15
3.7
CHECKING DIFFERENTIAL AIR AND GAS
PRESSURES
3.8
GAS TRAIN AND CONTROLS
Figure 4 – Typical Gas Train
Figure 3 – Differential Air Pressure Manometer
Connection
•
•
•
•
•
The 1 to1 air/gas ratio control actuator has embossed
markings identifying + air – air, + gas & - gas
connections. Using a test hose assembly fitted with
tees, connections can be made from the manometer to
the appropriate ports on the actuator.
Using tees connect a hose from the positive air and the
negative air to each of the two sides of a manometer.
This will allow the two pressure points to be measured
while at the same time the actuator still receives the
proper operating signal.
If a second manometer is available it can be connected
to the appropriate gas ports. Typically the gas signal
will closely follow the air signal on all models. If the
incoming gas pressure reduces significantly as the
Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) accelerates to 60 Hz
the gas signal may lag behind the air signal by up to
15%. This will occur once the actuator has driven
downwards as far as it can go. The amount that the
actuator has opened is registered by an indictor arm
which is visible through the view window.
As the appliance comes on and fires, record the
maximum inches of water column which is achieved at
60 Hz on the VFD using start-up report form (93-0130).
To adjust this differential pressure, use the adjusting
screw on the air shutter to the fan. Readings are to
correspond to the values in table 2a. In all cases the
final adjustment is to be made using a combustion
analyzer. Depending on field conditions differential
pressures will have to be adjusted accordingly.
Typically with long lateral runs the differential signal as
read will be reduced from the value shown in the table.
The opposite will occur with tall stacks where drafts
exceed negative 0.15“W.C.
If the appliance will not light off and the blue ‘main
flame’ light is coming on but not staying on then it will
be necessary to adjust the low fire as explained in the
detailed start-up procedure.
3.9
RATIO GAS VALVE
Figure 5 – 1:1 Air/Gas Ratio Control Valve
The main gas valve supplying gas to the burner on this
appliance utilizes a pressure regulating electro hydraulic
actuator providing a slow opening, fast closing safety shut
off and air/gas ratio control for the gas combustion process.
This gas valve controls the pressure difference across the
restriction in the gas supply line as a function of the
pressure difference across the combustion air supply to the
burner. The actuator maintains a constant air to gas ratio as
the volume of air changes based on the operation of the
combustion air fan. The valve is a 1:1 differential pressure
air/gas ratio controller. The valve generates the same
pressure difference on the gas side as it senses on the air
side. The valve performs the functions of pressure
regulator, safety shutoff, and air/gas ratio control. Slow
opening and safety shutoff is accomplished by operation of
an electro hydraulic cylinder. Full closing of the valve seat
occurs in less than 0.8 seconds when the valve is deenergized. A visual stroke position indicator is provided on
the valve assembly to indicate the position of the valve
seat. Operation of the gas valve in combination with the
16
combustion air fan allows the burner input rate to vary from
20% to 100% based on temperature demand. The inlet gas
supply pressure must be maintained within the specified
minimum and maximum pressures. A reduction of up to
30% is permitted in the inlet gas pressure between light off
and full fire conditions.
The manifold differential pressure is preset at the factory
and adjustment is not usually required if gas supply
pressure is maintained within the specified range. If the
manifold differential pressure is to be measured, follow the
“Gas Manifold Pressure Measurement Procedure” for
proper measurement.
varies. In order to maximize the operating life of the burner,
the normal operating mode for the Dynaflame is a blue
flame. Infrared operation will occur only if air to gas
adjustments is incorrect. If infrared operation is noted the
cause must be corrected.
The burner mounting flange provides a flame view port and
the mounting point for the hot surface igniter and the flame
sensor. The hot surface igniter and flame sensor are
removable from the burner mounting flange without
removing the burner assembly from the heat exchanger.
Never use an open flame (match, lighter, etc.) to check
gas connections.
There are no serviceable parts on the ratio gas valve
actuator
PART 4
3.10
•
VENTING OF GAS VALVES AND
PRESSURE SWITCHES
The optional gas pressure switches may be provided with
threaded termination points to be vented to the
atmosphere, outside the building. The gas pressure
regulation function is provided by the ratio gas valve which
does not require installation of a vent line. The optional gas
pressure switches are installed in the upper chamber of the
appliance. Threaded vent line connections from
components requiring an external vent line are provided on
the component. These vent line connection points may be
accessed by removing the top of the appliance. Local
codes may require the routing of these bleeds and vents to
the atmosphere, outside the building. Proper routing of vent
lines to the atmosphere from the factory supplied
termination points is the responsibility of the installing
contractor.
3.10
•
•
•
BURNER
Figure 6 – Burner
•
•
•
•
This appliance uses a single cylindrical burner installed
vertically into the cavity located in the center of the primary
heat exchanger. There is a unique burner for each one of
the thirteen models.
Burners may NOT be interchanged between different Btu/hr
input models. The burner consists of a round mounting
flange welded to a mixing tube. The top side of the mixing
tube provides the transition which mounts the discharge
from the combustion air fan into the burner. The bottom
side of the mixing tube is attached to a stainless steel
perforated sleeve. This stainless steel sleeve is covered
with a loose fitting, knitted alloy material that forms the
burner port surface. The knitted burner port material is
called metal fiber which is a unique alloy of iron, chrome,
aluminum and several rare earth metals. This alloy is
designed to operate stress free as a burner port surface.
The burner port surface can sustain operation from a blue
flame down to infrared conditions as the burner input
•
•
WATER CONNECTION
Check all applicable local heating, plumbing and
building safety codes before proceeding.
If the appliance is installed above radiation level it must
be provided with a low water cut-off device at the time
of appliance installation (available from factory). Some
local codes require the installation of a low water cutoff on all systems.
A pressure relief valve is supplied with each
DynaFlame. The relief valve must be mounted in a
vertical position and piped to the floor in a manner
acceptable to the enforcing authority.
Be sure to provide unions and gate valves at inlet and
outlet to the appliance so that it can be easily isolated
for service. The provision of a flow setter valve at the
appliance outlet will facilitate setting of the proper flow
at the desired temperature rise at high fire. It is
particularly important to confirm proper temperature
rise for domestic hot water applications. Improper flows
can lead to premature tube failure from erosion or
scaling and will not be covered by warranty.
This appliance is a low mass design which provides for
instant heat transfer. Special attention to water flow
rates will ensure that temperature rise is not excessive.
See table 10.
To eliminate trapped air, install venting devices at high
points in the system as well as in the piping on the
suction of the pump and in the piping on the discharge
of the appliance.
Use suitable pipe hangers or floor stands to support
the weight of all water and gas piping.
Always pump toward the heat exchanger inlet. Never
pump away from the exchanger since this will result in
a low-pressure zone, which will allow localized boiling
and result in heat exchanger damage.
Do not allow the appliance to run with inlet water
temperature below 110ºF (44ºC) into the primary heat
exchanger.
DynaFlame must be installed so that the gas ignition
system components are protected from water
(dripping, spraying, rain, etc.) during appliance
operation and service (circulator replacement, control
replacement, etc.)
17
Figure – 7 Typical Space Heating System
4.3
•
•
4.4
4.1
•
•
4.2
FREEZE PROTECTION
Appliance installations are not recommended outdoors
or in areas where danger of freezing exists unless
precautions are taken. Maintaining a mixture of 50%
water and 50% propylene glycol is the preferred
method of freeze protection in hydronic systems. This
mixture will protect the appliance to approximately 35ºF (-37ºC). To maintain the same temperature rise
across the appliance increase the GPM flow by 15%
and the head loss by 20%.
For Outdoor installations a snow screen should be
installed to prevent snow and ice accumulation around
the appliance. Regular inspections should be made to
ensure that air intake and vent are free of snow and
ice. Always consider the use of a shelter such as a
garden shed in lieu of direct exposure of the appliance
to the elements. The additional protection afforded by
the shelter will help to minimize nuisance problems
with electrical connections and will allow easier
servicing of the appliance under severe weather
conditions.
WARNING REGARDING CHILLED WATER
SYSTEMS
When an appliance is connected to an air conditioning
system where the same water is used for heating and
cooling, the chiller must be piped in parallel with the
appliance. Appropriate flow control valves; manual or
motorized must be provided to prevent the chilled water
from entering the appliance.
Figure – 8 Chilled Water System
INLET AND OUTLET CONNECTIONS
All water connections meet American National
Standard Pipe Threads (NPT).
For ease of service, install unions on inlet and outlet of
the appliance. The connection to the appliance marked
“Inlet” on the header should be used for return from the
system. The connection on the header marked “Outlet”
is to be connected to the supply side of the system.
MINIMUM PIPE SIZE REQUIREMENTS
Minimum water pipe connections are as follow for
DynaFlame for single unit installations. The equivalent
number of straight feet of pipe for each valve and fitting in
the connecting piping must be considered to properly arrive
at the total equivalent feet of straight pipe in the field
installed piping to the appliance. See the piping
requirements in Part 11 - Installation section of this manual.
Consult factory if longer piping distances are required for a
specific application.
Table 9 – Minimal System Pipe Size
Input,
Water Size, NPT
Btu/Hr
500,000
2
750,000
2
1,100,000
2
1,200,000
2
1,500,000
2½”
1,750,000
2½”
2,000,000
3”
2,500,000
3”
3,000,000
3”
3,500,000
4”
4,000,000
4”
4,500,000
4”
5,000,000
4”
Note: Models 500 through 1200 have 2” threaded inlet and
outlet connections. Models 1500 through 5000 have 3”
threaded inlet and outlet connections. Provision must be
made to mate the pipe size with the appliance inlet and
outlet connections.
4.5
PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER
This appliance uses copper finned tubing to maximize the
heat transfer process. The primary heat exchanger is
comprised of vertical tubes rolled directly into two circular
bronze headers. This heat exchanger is design to withstand
160 PSIG working pressure. A series of “V” shaped baffles
are installed between the individual tubes to control the
movement of the flue products over the finned tubes to
maximize efficiencies.
A factory recommended circulating pump ensures proper
water flow during burner operation and creates enough
water turbulence inside the copper tubes and header that
prevents the formation of sediments. Temperature rise and
erosion prevention in the primary heat exchanger are
controlled by the selection of a properly sized circulating
pump. To ensure proper operation and ensure longevity of
this heat exchanger minimum inlet water temperatures of
110 ºF (44 ºC) MUST BE maintained.
18
When return water temperatures are below approximately
110ºF (44 ºC), the flue products passing through the copper
fined tubes will be cooled below their dew point resulting in
the formation of corrosive condensation on the copper
which shorten its life. Under these conditions condensation
will collect in the base of the inner combustion chamber.
Follow the piping recommendations given for low water
temperature systems if water temperatures are expected to
be below 110ºF (44 ºC). During initial operation of the
appliance in a cold system some condensation will be
generated but it will be quickly evaporated once the system
return temperature reaches 110ºF (44 ºC).
Figure – 9 Typical Low Water Temperature System
Return Water Temperatures Required for Dynaflame
Boilers & Water Heaters
Minimum acceptable return water temperatures are
determined by the category of the heater. This is
true for all manufacturers.
A category I machine like the non-condensing version of
the Dynaflame 85% efficient model can be operated with
return water temperatures as low as 110ºF provided that
the control algorithm is correct. Proper operation requires
initial startup of the machine followed by ramp up to high
fire. This sequence minimizes initial condensation and
generates stack temperatures which dry up initial
condensation in the vent.
Category II machines like the near condensing version
Dynaflame 88% efficient model (DFX) can be operated
down to 20% firing rate from initial startup. These machines
must be operated with a return water temp of at least 130ºF
to the primary heat exchanger in order to avoid
condensation there. For these machines condensation in
the vent is not an issue because they are installed with a
special venting system designed to withstand the corrosive
action of condensate.
The Camus designs are versatile and user friendly, they
deliver optimal performance by taking full advantage of
existing site conditions in order to maximize energy
savings.
IMPORTANT
Operating this appliance at return water temperatures
below 110 ºF (43.3 ºC) (except initial heat up) may cause
primary heat exchanger to fail and may eventually cause
hazardous conditions that may result in personal injury or
non-warrantable damage to the appliance.
4.6
Adjustment Procedure.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
Fully open bypass and outlet valves.
With appliance running, read appliance inlet
temperature after 15 minutes.
If inlet temperature is less than 110°F slowly close
outlet valve until the inlet temperature climbs to 110°F
If inlet temperature is greater than 110°F but not
greater than 140°F no further adjustment is required.
Check inlet temperature after 5 minutes and make final
adjustments.
Remove handle of balancing valve to prevent
tempering.
Note: For applications where large volumes of water are
heated from ground water temperatures to process
temperatures, it will be necessary to provide a modulating
three way valve in lieu of a fixed bypass line.
4.7
INSTANTANEOUS WATER HEATER (noncondensing)
An instantaneous water heater is designed to deliver hot
water without the use of a storage tank. It is suitable for
applications with variable load such as restaurants,
condominiums, apartments and motels and typically used in
conjunction with tempering valves to achieve temperature
control. (See figure 10)
Figure – 10 Typical Instantaneous Water Heating
System
LOW WATER TEMPERATURE SYSTEMS
(non -condensing)
In applications where the heating system requires supply
water temperatures below 110°F, a bypass line must be
installed upstream of the appliance pump so that outlet
water can be re-circulated to raise the inlet temp to a
minimum of 110°F. Balancing valves, preferably circuit
setter or globe valves are used to adjust flow. (See figure 9)
19
Table 10 – Flow and Pressure Drop at a Given
Temperature Rise
30 °F (19.4 °C)
35 °F (19.4 °C)
Heat
Temp Rise
Temp Rise
Exchanger
Model
Water
Content
(USG)
500
DF750
DF1100
DF1200
DF1500
DF1750
DF2000
DF2500
DF3000
DF3500
DF4000
DF4500
DF5000
2.5
2.9
3.5
3.5
6.3
6.6
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.4
8.9
9.3
9.7
4.8
USGPM
(min.
flow)
28.0
42.0
61.6
68.0
83.9
90.0
111.9
139.9
167.9
198.1
226.9
254.7
282.9
ΔP
Ft.
0.7
1.4
2.7
2.9
4.5
6.7
4.1
6.1
8.4
12.7
17.0
21.9
27.6
USGPM.
(min.
flow)
24.0
36.0
52.8
58.3
71.9
83.9
95.9
119.9
143.9
169.8
194.5
218.3
242.5
Figure 11 Typical Condensing System
ΔP
Ft.
0.5
1.0
2.1
2.2
4.0
5.5
3.1
4.6
7.0
9.5
12.7
16.4
20.7
CONDENSER HEAT RECOVERY MODULE
(CHRM)
The DynaFlame ALL Stainless Steel CHRM is mounted in a
stainless steel inner jacket chamber at the right side of the
appliance facing the appliance. The CHRM is constructed
from all stainless steel headers and special multiple
horizontal stainless tubes. This CHRM is designed to
maximize heat transfer efficiency by fully condensing flue
products and is suitable to resist the low PH of condensate.
The CHRM must be supplied with adequate water flow at
all times during operation. Do not operate the appliance
with the CHRM piped out or isolated.
The CHRM is mounted in the discharge of the flue products
from the primary heat exchanger. This allows additional
heat to be absorbed from the flue products exhausted from
the combustion process. If isolation valves are provided on
the CHRM, the provision of a relief valve at the outlet of the
CHRM is recommended. This valve is to be sized at
minimum for 10% of the input of the appliance and is to be
piped to drain.
When cold water supply with temperatures less than 110 ºF
(44 ºC) passes through the CHRM it will cool the flue
products below dew points resulting in the formation of
condensation. Furthermore, the volumetric flow rate of the
flue gases will be reduced.
The appliance CHRM loop may be used in condensing
mode for a variety of application including domestic hot
water and hydronic space heating. Recommended piping
arrangement is shown in Figure 11 Maximum capacity
through the CHRM is summarized in table 11; flows in
excess of 60 GPM must be bypassed.
Condensate from the Dynaflame must be treated before
being discharged to drain. PH level of the condensate is to
be checked regularly and the neutralizing medium is to be
replaced as required. A neutralizing cartridge is available
from the factory. The condensing Dynaflame must be
vented using only special venting type AL29-4C stainless
steel or equivalent, please follow instructions detailed
below.
When supplied with the CHRM, the DynaFlame is 95%
efficient (category II or IV appliance) which requires the use
of a special venting system fabricated from AL29-4C or
equivalent material. Only venting components listed by a
nationally recognized testing agency may be used.
This appliance may be installed with conventional, sidewall
or vertical venting. Conventional vented appliances operate
with negative pressure in the vent pipe and require a
special vent adapter to increase the flue outlet diameter.
Sidewall and vertically vented appliances operate with
positive pressure in the vent pipe and may be directly
connected to the flue outlet without the use of an increaser.
Consult the vent pipe manufacturer’s instructions for
minimum clearances to combustible material for vent
components. In the absence of instructions, the minimum
clearance to combustible material is six inches.
Consult vent pipe manufacturer’s instructions for proper
method of sealing vent pipe sections and fittings. In the
absence of instructions, make sure that pipe and fittings are
clean by swabbing with alcohol. Use Dow Corning 736 or
732 RTV, Polybar # 500 RTV or Sil-bond 4500 or 6500 to
seal vent pipe. Do not use other sealants or adhesives
except as expressly permitted by vent manufacturer’s
instructions.
Consult vent pipe manufacturer’s instructions for vent
system assembly. Follow vent pipe manufacturer’s
instructions if those instructions differ from this section.
20
Conventional Venting
Multiple appliances may be vented into a conventional
chimney. The chimney must be lined with AL29-4C or
equivalent and a single acting barometric damper must be
provided for each appliance. Vent diameters are to be
increased by one size over the recommended size
downstream of the barometric damper.
Table 11 – CHRM Head Loss & Flow for 10 ºF Rise
Model
US GPM
ΔP - Ft.
500
10.0
0.4
750
13.0
0.7
A qualified professional using a proven vent-sizing program
with input of accurate operating parameters must properly
calculate sizing of the venting system. In applications where
flue gas temperatures are lower than can support a
Category II with conventional negative draft, it will be
determined at the venting design stage that a positive
pressure will be developed in the vent. It will then be
necessary to either provide separate vents as for Category
IV, to pressurize the boiler room, or to provide an extractor
at the chimney outlet in order to maintain a negative draft in
the chimney and allow common venting.
1100
22.0
1.8
1200
24.0
2.1
1500
30.0
3.1
1750
35.0
4.2
2000
40.0
5.5
2500
50.0
8.0
3000
60.0
11.5
3500
*40.0
8.5
4000
*46.0
11.0
The chimney must be protected from down drafts, rain and
debris by using a listed chimney cap. Approval of the
installation will be at the discretion of authorities having
jurisdiction.
4500
*52.0
14.0
5000
*57.0
16.5
*Flow for 15°F rise at high fire
Sidewall and Vertical Venting
4.10
The maximum vent length is 100 equivalent feet. Vent pipe
may be run through a vertical or horizontal chase provided
that minimum clearances to combustible materials are
maintained. The vent should terminate a minimum 12
inches above grade plus normally expected snow
accumulation, or 7 feet above grade if located adjacent to
public walkways. Do not install over public walkway where
local experience indicates condensation or vapour from the
boiler creates a nuisance or hazard. Minimum 3 feet above
any forced air inlet located within 10 feet of vent
termination. Minimum 4 feet below, 4 feet horizontally or
above any door window or gravity air inlet. Minimum 4 feet
horizontally from electric meters, gas meters, regulators
and relief valves. Use appropriately designed thimbles
when passing through combustible walls or roofs. Install fire
stops where vent passes through floors, ceilings or framed
walls. The fire stop must close the opening between the
vent pipe and the structure. Locate vent terminal above
combustion air intake terminal (if used) and no closer than
2 feet vertically or horizontally. Vertical venting requires
flashing and a storm collar to prevent moisture from
entering the structure. Vertical vent termination must be at
least 2 feet plus the expected snow accumulation above the
roof penetration height.
A water flow switch is shipped loose and is to be installed in
the outlet piping on all heating boilers and hot water supply
boilers. The flow switch is wired in series with the 24VAC
safety control circuit. A diagnostic light will be indicated on
the control display on a low flow condition.
4.9
4.11
WATER FLOW SWITCH (shipped loose)
LOW WATER CUTOFF (If Equipped)
If this boiler is installed above radiation level, a low water
cut-off device must be installed at the time of boiler
installation. Some local codes require the installation of a
low water cut-off on all systems. Electronic low water cutoffs are available as a factory supplied option on all models.
Low water cut-offs should be tested every six months. The
normally open switch contact of the low water cutoff is to be
wired in series with the flow switch. A diagnostic light will be
indicated on the control display on a low flow condition.
Caution: remove jumper when connecting to 24 VAC
circuit.
Figure 13 – Low Water Cut off Electrical Connections
CHRM, FLOW and PRESSURE DROP
Figure 12 – Secondary Heat Exchanger
21
4.14.1
4.12
RELIEF VALVE (shipped loose)
This appliance is supplied with a relief valve sized in
accordance with ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code,
Section IV (“Heating Boilers”). The relief valve is to be
installed in the vertical position and mounted in the hot
water outlet. No valve is to be placed between the relief
valve, and the appliance. To prevent water damage, the
discharge from the relief valve shall be piped to a suitable
floor drain for disposal when relief occurs. No reducing
couplings or other restrictions shall be installed in the
discharge line. The discharge line shall allow complete
drainage of the valve and line. Relief valves should be
manually operated at least once a year.
CAUTION
Avoid contact with hot discharge water
4.13
CONDENSING HEAT RECOVERY
MODULE PIPING CONFIGURATIONS
Caution: If isolation valves are provided on the CHRM, the
provision of a relief valve at the outlet of the secondary is
recommended .This valve is to be sized at minimum for
10% of the input of the appliance and is to be piped to drain
in a manner similar to the appliance relief valve.
4.13.1
MOST IMPORTANT
This appliance is designed for continuous pump operation
when the burner is firing. The circulating pump will run
continuously when the power switch is in the “ON” position.
As an optional feature a pump control system can be
provided. The pump control option allows the appliance
circulating pump to be cycled “ON” prior to the burner firing
and cycled “OFF” some time after the set point is satisfied.
The operation of the circulating pump is controlled by the
SmartFlame temperature control .When the appliance is
activated by a remote operating signal the pump will start
and run for the operating cycle and for a post purge period
based on temperature difference between inlet and outlet
connections to the appliance.
To select proper pump it is strongly recommended to
consider following:
•
•
•
CHRM IN SERIES WITH PRIMARY HEAT
EXCHANGER (INTEGRATED LOOP)
The supply water (Cold water) is pre-heated by CHRM and
fed into the outlet of the primary Heat Exchanger.
Provisions must be made to prevent cold water below
110ºF (44ºC) entering to the Primary Heat Exchanger.
BOILER APPLICATION (HYDRONIC HEATING)
In case of boilers (Hydronic heating boiler) application, the
return water (supply water) may be more than 110ºF
(44ºC), therefore there is no need for a recirculation loop
and the primary heat exchanger and CHRM can be piped in
parallel. Since the inlet water temperature to CHRM
exceeds 110ºF (44ºC) it will not condense fully and
therefore the CHRM will not perform to its maximum
efficiency capacity. If water colder than 110ºF (44ºC) is
available it can be fed to the CHRM.
CIRCULATING PUMP OPERATION PRIMARY
HEAT EXCHANGER
•
Need to know the required flow (GPM) and pressure
drop for your appliance (see table 4 )
Type of application, hydronic heating or Domestic Hot
Water (DHW).
For hydronic heating and DHW applications with
normal water hardness choose a pump which will
result in a temperature rise across the main heat
exchanger of 30ºF to 35 ºF (17ºC-19ºC). If necessary
use a flow setter valve to achieve the desired
temperature rise.
For DHW applications with other than normal water
hardness choose a pump for the local water hardness
conditions. When hardness levels exceed 17 grains
per gallon consult factory for recommendations.
4.14.2
CIRCULATING PUMP SELECTION
CONDENSOR
The operation of the circulating pump may be continuous or
it may be in parallel with the main heat exchanger pump.
Size the secondary pump for a minimum flow of 10% of the
flow through the main heat exchanger and a maximum of
30% of the main heat exchanger flow up to 60 GPM.
WATER HEATER APPLICATION (HOT WATER SUPPLY)
In case of domestic water supply (Water Heating), the fresh
inlet water temperature will be less than 110 ºF (44 ºC), in
this case the CHRM may be fed directly with part of the
supply water using a secondary pump.
4.14
CIRCULATING PUMP SELECTION
The appliance has a low mass finned tube heat exchanger
for fast response and high heat absorption and employs
copper tubes for models DF-500 thru DF-3000 and copper
nickel tubes for models Df-3500 thru DF-5000, Selecting
the proper pump will ensure that temperature rise does not
exceed 35ºF (19ºC) and that heat exchanger tubes are not
prematurely scaled or eroded.
22
PART 5
ELECTRICAL &
CONTROLS
IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT THAT THIS UNIT BE
PROPERLY GROUNDED!
5.1
ELECTRICAL CONECTIONS
Minimum 120VAC 60Hz single phase (15A. circuit) is
supplied to the control junction box models DF-500 through
DF-2000 and 120VAC (20A circuit ) models DF-2500 thru
DF-3000 and 120/230VAC 60Hz single phase (20A circuit)
models DF-3500 through DF-4000 and 120/230 VAC 60Hz
single phase (30A circuit) models DF-4500 through DF5000. The combustion air fan motor operates on 230 VAC,
3 ph, 60 Hz. This three phase voltage is generated by the
variable frequency drive (VFD) and supplied directly to the
fan motor. The appliance, when installed, must be
electrically grounded in accordance with the requirements
of the authority having jurisdiction or in the absence of such
requirements, with the latest edition of the National
Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA No. 70. When the unit is
installed in Canada, it must conform to the Canadian
Electrical Code, C22.1, Part 1 and/or local Electrical Codes.
•
•
•
•
•
5.2
All wiring between the appliance and field installed
devices shall be made with wire having minimum
220ºF (105ºC) rating.
Line voltage wire exterior to the appliance must be
enclosed in approved conduit or approved metal clad
cable.
The pump must run continuously when appliance is
being fired.
To avoid serious damage, DO NOT ENERGIZE the
appliance until the system is full of water. Ensure that
all air is removed from the pump housing and piping
before beginning initial operation. Serious damage may
result if the appliance is operated without proper flow.
Provide the appliance with proper overload protection.
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE (VFD)
This appliance uses a Variable Frequency Drive (VFD)
which provides power to the combustion fan. The fan motor
operates on 230VAC 3 phase power. This three phase
voltage is generated by the VFD and supplied directly to the
fan motor. The VFD receives a modulating signal (4-20 mA
or 2-10 VDC) from the local modulating control or a remote
source based on water temperature to vary the frequency
of the voltage supplied to the fan motor from 20 Hz up to 60
Hz. This varies the output of the combustion air fan from
20% up to 100% of capacity corresponding to the same
variation in burner input. The VFD is driven towards 100%
during the pre-purge portion of the start-up sequence. Once
control self checks are completed, the VFD is provided with
a signal to operate at soft start level for initial burner
ignition. After main burner ignition is established, the
modulating signal provided will use the VFD to vary the fan
speed based VFD to vary the fan speed based on desired
water temperature set point.
CAUTION
The voltage output from the variable frequency drive to the
combustion air fan is 230VAC, 3 Phase. AVOID contact
with high voltage wiring
5.3
DIFFRENTIAL AIR PRESSURE SWITCH
A differential air pressure switch is used to prove operation
of the combustion air fan. The pressure switch sensing
points are installed at the fan outlet as the air moves into
the inlet of the burner. One point measures total pressure
(+air) and is connected to a pitot tube facing the flow from
the fan paddle wheel. The other point measures static
pressure. Differential pressure at the switch will be affected
by blockages at the fan inlet or at the flue discharge. A
minimum differential pressure across the sensing points of
the pressure switch proves operation of the combustion air
fan. This is set in the factory and may be adjusted for field
conditions. The diagnostics display will exhibit a Status of
no Air Flow when the differential pressure switch detects a
sustained low air condition. This condition could be caused
by a number of factors including:
•
Sensing line broken or loose fitting.
•
Dirty filter or blocked vent.
•
Steady high wind condition.
•
Incorrectly set switch.
•
Missing bleed restrictor at differential pressure switch
on static pressure side air line (models DF-4500 & DF5000).
5.4
HIGH and LOW GAS PRESSURE
SWITCHS (Optional)
High and low gas pressure switches are available as an
option and are wired in series with the air flow switch. The
high gas pressure switch is used to monitor the differential
gas pressure between the outlet of the control valve and
the fan inlet. If differential gas pressure exceeds the
maximum setting of the pressure switch, the appliance will
shut down and a low air condition will be indicated on the
display panel. The low gas pressure switch is to monitor the
minimum incoming gas supply pressure supplied to the gas
train. If If gas pressure falls below the minimum setting of
the pressure switch, the appliance will shut down and a low
air condition will be displayed on the display panel.
5.5
HIGH LIMIT
A High Limit aqua-stat control is located at the back of the
appliance and the control bulb is installed in a dry well in
the heat exchanger header outlet. The setting of this control
limits maximum discharge water temperature. A manual
reset high limit will have a red reset button which must be
pushed whenever water temperature has exceeded the set
point of the manual reset limit. The temperature of the
water in the heat exchanger must drop a minimum of 15°F
(8.3°C) below the setting of the high limit control before the
reset function can be activated. Whenever an appliance is
supplied with both an auto reset and manual reset high limit
always set the auto reset limit 10ºF (5.5°C) below the
manual reset limit. This will prevent nuisance tripping of the
manual reset.
5.6
IGNITION CONTROL MODULE
This appliance uses a proven hot surface ignition control
system. The operation of the electronic control module for
the hot surface igniter proves the presence of an ignition
23
source much like a proven standing pilot before the gas
valves are energized. The ignition control proves the
presence of the proper ignition temperatures from the hot
surface igniter using a proof current (2.7A +/- 0.2),
energizes the main gas valves, proves the presence of
main burner flame, and provides for lockouts. A status point
alarm of Flame Fail will be displayed on the main panel and
also by 3 flashes from the ignition module diagnostic red
LED
Figure 14 – Ignition Module
Manual Reset
Automatic Reset
5.6.2
IGNITION MODULE LOCKOUT FUNCTIONS
The ignition module may lockout in either a hard lockout
condition requiring pushing of the reset button to recycle
the control for a CSD1 requirement or a soft lockout
condition which may be reset by momentarily cycling the
main power on and off. A typical hard lockout fault for the 7
seconds one try CSD1 module is a flame failure condition.
Pushing the reset button on the ignition control is the only
way to reset an ignition module that is in a hard lockout
condition. The reset button is located on the front control
panel. The reset button is active after the post purge cycle
when there is a hard lockout condition as indicated by the
Status LED (3 flashes). Turning the main power “OFF” and
then “ON” or cycling the thermostat will not reset a hard
lockout condition. Wait five seconds after turning on the
main power before pushing the reset button when the
ignition module is in a hard lockout. Wait for the status LED
to glow solid red indicating that the ignition module is ready
before releasing the reset button.
The ignition module will go into a soft lockout with the
standard 10 seconds module after three sequential trials for
ignition separated by 15 seconds between trials. A soft
lockout condition will operate the combustion air fan for the
post purge cycle (maximum 10 minutes) and then go into
lockout and stay in this mode with the air flow light “OFF”.
The flame failure and all other lights up to the air flow light
will remain “ON”. If the control sensed fault is not corrected,
the ignition module will continue in the soft lockout
condition. A soft lockout condition may be reset by
manually cycling the electronic thermostat or turning the
main power switch “OFF” and then “ON” after the control
sensed fault has been corrected.
5.6.3
DIAGNOSTIC STATUS INDICATION
The ignition module has an LED that indicates the status of
the ignition safety circuits. The flashing operation of this
LED indicates the diagnostic status of the ignition control
module. The following listing gives the flashing diagnostic
status codes as signaled by the ignition module.
Table 12
CODE
CONDITION
System OK – no faults present
•
LED
constant on
Possible control fault – check
•
LED off
power or no call for heat.
Ignition lockout
•
3 flashes
Internal fault replace control
•
6 flashes
5.6.4
5.6.1
SERVICE PARTS
This appliance uses a proved electronic ignition control
module and a hot surface igniter. The electronic ignition
module is not repairable. Any modification or repairs will
invalidate the warranty and may create hazardous
conditions that result in property damage, personal injury,
fire, explosion and/or toxic gases. A faulty hot surface
igniter or ignition module MUST be replaced with a new
factory approved unit only. A factory approved igniter,
ignition control module and flame sensor for this specific
unit is available from your local distributor. DO NOT use
general purpose field replacement ignition modules, igniters
or sensors. Each appliance has one ignition module, one
hot surface igniter and one flame sensor.
FLAME SENSE TEST
Figure 15 – Ignition Module Flame Sense Test
Using a µA meter the flame signal can be measured with
the appliance running. The ignition modules requires
24
minimum 2.0 µA D.C. If the signal is less than this it could
indicate oxide on the metal rod, a partial ground through the
ceramic insulator or an improperly placed sensor. If oxide is
evident on the sensing rod use steel wool to remove it. Do
not use emery paper since the silica will foul the sensor
surface.
PART 6
6.1
CONTROL PANEL
APPLIANCE TEMPERATURE
CONTROLLER
The appliance is provided with a control panel at the front.
Operating controls are installed inside the control box and
are accessible by undoing the thumb screw and swinging
opening the door. The diagnostic information centre as well
as the on/off switch, 24V fuse, and the appliance
temperature controls reside on the control box door the
ignition control module, VFD, transformer and relays are
mounted on the internal panel.
Figure 16 – Control Panel Front
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
constant circulation DHW, modes 2, 4, and 5 for
heating , mode 3 for DHW with remote sensing and
mode 6 for operation by a remote controller.
Operation as an auto reset limit.
Operation as a control for inlet water temperature.
Optional tank mounted sensor used in conjunction with
inlet sensor.
Adjustable pump delay feature based on ΔT
temperature difference between inlet and outlet
temperatures. Accepts 1/6 hp. pump directly across
terminals 13 & 14. An optional ¾ HP relay is available.
Adjustable; target temp, inter-stage differential, on
delay between stages, minimum on time per stage,
minimum off time per stage.
Display of run hours for maintenance purposes.
Counter wraps around at 1000 hours. Pressing and
holding up and down arrow key simultaneously will
reset the counter.
Flame failure signal 24V.
Molex connector for ease of service.
Error message display.
Test override feature to test pump operation, stages 1,
2, and alarm. Press and hold the UP button to test.
After one second the pump will turn ON. Stage 1 will
turns ON after four seconds. Stage 2 will turn ON after
seven seconds. Alarm will turn ON after ten seconds.
The controller will return to normal operation after
releasing the UP button.
Pump exercising feature runs pump 10 seconds every
three days of no pump operation.
Setting the Appliance Temperature Control
Figure 17 – Control Panel Components
Press and hold the ITEM, UP and DOWN buttons
simultaneously for 3 seconds. The appliance will shut
down. Press the ITEM key and then select the desired
setting using the UP, DOWN buttons. Pressing the ITEM
key again will cause the last setting to be accepted. Once
all settings have been made, wait for 30 seconds for the
control to return to normal operating mode. In normal
operating mode the inlet temperature, outlet temperature,
ΔT temperature and ON hours can be viewed by repeatedly
pressing the ITEM key only. If you wish to check the setting
you will have to start again by pressing and holding the
ITEM, UP and DOWN buttons simultaneously for 1 second,
and then use only the ITEM key to scroll through the
settings. After checking the settings allow the control to
return to normal operation on its own. Default display is
outlet temperature.
Summary
Mode 1- For constant temperature designed for hydronic or
domestic hot water (DHW) with constant pumping
The Boiler Temperature Controller (BTC) for this appliance
is a Camus 780014 SmartFlame control. It initiates the local
call for heat and sets the target return (appliance inlet)
water temperature. This controller accommodates up to 2stages of control with six modes of operation which
provides set point as well as reset control. It provides the
following:
•
Readings of inlet and outlet water temperatures as well
as ΔT temperature rise.
•
Six pre-set modes of operation; mode 1 for heating and
Mode 2 - For constant temperature control at system/
sensor location
- Ideal for monitoring constant hot loop or for pool
heating
- Intermittent pumping provided
- Additional universal sensor is required for
sensing system temperature
Mode 3 - For DHW with storage tank
- Intermittent pumping is provided
- Additional universal sensor is required for tank to
be wired between ‘Sys/D’ and ‘Common’
25
Mode 4 - Hydronic heating with proportional outdoor reset
- Temperature is controlled at boiler inlet
- Constant pumping
- Outdoor sensor to be provided
Mode 5 - Hydronic heating with outdoor reset for
primary/secondary piping
- Temperature is controlled at system sensor
location
- Intermittent pumping is provided
- Outdoor sensor and additional universal sensor
to be provided
Mode 6 - Allows remote operator system to control boilers
beyond all local settings
- If local/remote switch is wired, set control to
mode 1 or 2 and select target outside of normal
operating range
Mode 1 is intended for constant temperature hydronic
heating using proportional logic. The set-point for inlet
water control is pre-set to 180°F and the auto re-set limit is
set to 230°F. The inlet set-point can be adjusted, however
the limit is fixed. In addition to the auto reset limit the
factory installs a manual re-set limit set to 250°F. The
control turns on the appliance pump and stages the
appliance to maintain set-point target temperature at the
appliance inlet whenever an external heat demand is
present. Once the external heat demand is removed, the
control turns off the appliance and operates the appliance
pump based on the purge feature. This mode can also be
used for process DHW applications. If the pump runs
continuously there will not be a need for an external heat
demand.
Mode 2 is intended for hydronic heating based on PID logic.
The set-point for supply water sensor S3 is pre-set to 180°F
and the auto re-set limit is set to 230°F. The supply sensor
set-point can be adjusted, however the limit is fixed. In
addition to the auto reset limit the factory installs a manual
re-set limit set to 250°F. The control turns on the appliance
pump and stages the appliance to the set-point target
temperature at the system temperature whenever an
external heat demand is present. Once the last appliance
stage turns off and the heat demand is still present, the
control then operates the appliance pump based on the
purge feature. In this case, it is imperative that the system
pump operates continuously in order to provide constant
circulation past the system sensor. The appliance pump
then turns back on with the first stage of the appliance. If
the heat demand is removed, the appliance is turned off
and the control operates the appliance pump P1 based on
the purge feature.
Mode 3 is intended for domestic water heating. The setpoint for inlet water control is pre-set to 140°F and the auto
re-set limit is set to 200°F. The inlet set-point can be
adjusted, however the limit is fixed. In addition to the auto
reset limit the factory installs a manual re-set limit set to
210°F. The control turns on the appliance pump and stages
the appliance to maintain set-point target temperature at
the appliance inlet temperature. An internal demand is
generated from the DHW sensor which could be placed in
the storage tank while the external heat demand is
permanently wired or through a timer. Once the DHW tank
is satisfied (internal demand is removed), the control turns
off the appliance and operates the appliance pump based
on the purge feature.
Mode 4 is intended for hydronic heating. The set-point for
inlet water control is pre-set to 180°F and the auto re-set
limit is set to 230°F. The inlet set-point can be adjusted,
however the limit is fixed. In addition to the auto reset limit
the factory installs a manual re-set limit set to 250°F. The
control turns on the appliance pump and stages the
appliance to maintain outdoor reset target temperature at
the appliance inlet sensor S2 whenever an external heat
demand is present. Once the external heat demand is
removed, the control turns off the appliance and operates
the appliance pump based on the purge feature.
Mode 5 is intended for hydronic heating. The set-point for
inlet water control is pre-set to 180°F and the auto re-set
limit is set to 230°F. The inlet set-point can be adjusted,
however the limit is fixed. In addition to the auto reset limit
26
the factory installs a manual re-set limit set to 250°F. The
control turns on the appliance pump and stages the
appliance to maintain outdoor reset target temperature at
the system sensor S3 whenever an external heat demand
is present. Once the last appliance stage turns off and the
heat demand is still present, the control then operates the
appliance pump based on the purge feature. In this case, it
is imperative that the system pump operates continuously
in order to provide constant circulation past the system
sensor. The appliance pump then turns back on with the
first stage of the appliance. If the heat demand is removed,
the appliance is turned off and the control operates the
appliance pump based on the purge feature.
only (SV). This setting is normally 5ºF below the appliance
temperature controller setting. In this way the firing rate of
the boiler will be at minimum when return water
temperature is 5ºF below target. The modulating signal
generator has separate settings for domestic and hydronics
applications and is factory set as shown below:
Table 13
DOMESTIC HOT
HYDRONIC
WATER
HEATING
P-n1
0
0
P-n2
1.0
1.0
P-df
1.0
1.0
P-SL
32
32
P-SU
160
220
LOC FEATURE:
™
™
™
6.3
Mode 6 is intended for multiple appliance application and all
stages are closed at all times. In essence there is no
operator at the appliance. A removable jumper is provided
in the electrical enclosure across the contacts to be used
for connection to the remote operator. The fixed auto re-set
limit is set to 230°F. In addition to the auto reset limit the
factory installs a manual re-set limit set to 250°F. The
control provides pump operation. Staging operation is
provided by an external sequencing control. Heat demand
is provided to the external sequencing control. External
sequencing control then provides heat demand to the
control. Each control turns on its respective appliance pump
and stage 1 contact whenever an external heat demand is
present. Once the external heat demand is removed from
the control, the control turns off the stage 1 contact and
operates the pump to provide purging. Once the purge
period is complete, the control turns off the appliance
pump.
1 - locks in all settings
0 - allows adjustments to all settings
2 - allows adjustment of set point only
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE (VFD)
The VFD has a factory set security code which has to be
entered before any adjustments can be made. The VFD
has 50 parameters, which can be adjusted. At present only
the following are pertinent:
Table 14
Parameter
#
2
4
5
19
20
28
36
38
45
50
51 thru 58
PART 7
7.1
CAUTION
If this setting is inadvertently chosen the appliance will
cycle on the limits. There is a danger of scalding if this
setting is used in a DHW application.
6.2
MODULATING SIGNAL GENERATOR
Function
Carrier Frequency
Stop Method
Standard
Speed
Source
Acceleration Time
Deceleration Time
Fixed Boost
Preset Speed
Skip Bandwidth
Speed at Minimum
Signal
Fault History
Miscellaneous
Settings
03
03
04 (03 for 2- 10
VDC)
120 sec
60 sec
1.0
29
3.0
32 (25 for
condensing)
View Only
View Only
COMPONENTS
HOT SURFACE IGNITER (GLOW BAR)
The silicon carbide igniter is inserted directly through the
fan flange and held in place by two screws. A hold down
bracket as well as sealing gasket above and below the
igniter assures a good seal. Care must be taken when
removing and/or installing the igniter since the silicon
carbide element is brittle. Always remove the igniter prior to
removing the fan assembly for inspection of the burner and
heat exchanger. Properly prepared igniter will have a bead
of silicone sealing the end mounting bracket to the ceramic
shaft.
Figure 18 – Hot Surface Igniter
This controller is located below the appliance temperature
controller. Once a call for heat has been initiated by the
appliance temperature controller this control generates a
modulating signal (4 – 20 mA or 2 – 10 VDC) based on
return water temperature. After completion of factory
settings the lock feature permits adjustment of set point
27
During trial for ignition a properly operating igniter will
generate 3A which is the proof current required by the
ignition module for reliable and consistent operation. It is
recommended that the hot surface igniter be replaced every
4,000 hours of appliance operation to maintain peak ignition
efficiency.
7.2
FLAME SENSOR
The flame sensor is inserted directly through the fan flange
and is screwed into the fan flange. Care must be taken,
when installing the flame sensor, to align it perpendicular to
the fan flange and parallel to the burner tube and not to
over tighten. Always remove the flame sensor prior to
removing the fan assembly for inspection of the burner and
heat exchanger.
Figure 19 – Flame Sensor
7.4
The inner jacket assembly is constructed from a special
corrosion resistant stainless steel. This includes both the
primary heat exchanger chamber and the secondary heat
exchanger chamber. All screws and fasteners used for
assembly of the inner jacket and secondary heat exchanger
chamber are also stainless steel.
DO NOT mix stainless steel and standard plated
fasteners when disassembling and reassembling the
inner jacket sheet metal components. Standard plated
fasteners will be damaged by the flue product
condensate when used on the inner jacket assemblies.
7.5
7.3
COMBUSTION AIR FAN
VENTING TRANSITION
All appliances are shipped with a rectangular to round
stainless steel adapter. Depending on the appliance
category an increaser will be required for the proper vent
configuration. Please refer to table #3 dimensions and
specifications.
When installing Category II or IV appliances care must be
taken to properly seal all joints and provide slope for
drainage of condensate.
PART 8
8.1
•
•
Figure 20 – Fan, Burner, Hot Surface Igniter and Flame
Sensor Arrangement
•
•
•
•
•
DynaFlame uses a sealed air fan to provide combustible
air/gas mix to the burner and push the products of
combustion through the heat exchanger and venting
system. The fan assembly consists of a sealed housing and
fan wheel constructed from spark resistant cast aluminum.
The fan is operated by a fully enclosed 230 VAC, 3 Phase
electric motor. The fan housing and motor assembly is fully
sealed and SHOULD NOT be field serviced. The power
draw of the motor is proportional to the modulated gas input
rate of the appliance.
OUTER JACKET
The outer jacket assembly is constructed from mirror finish
stainless Steel. This ensures a long life for the jacket
assembly, with full integrity
7.6
The ignition module relies on the flame sensor to provide a
flame rectification signal. Oxide deposits, improper
placement or damaged ceramic insulator will result in
insufficient signal leading to ignition module lock out. For
proper operation minimum 2.0 µA DC must be fed back to
the module. Oxide deposit on the sensor rod must be
removed with steel-wool. Do not use sand-paper since this
will contaminate the surface.
INNER JACKET
FIELD STARTUP
PROCEDURE
CHECKING THE INSTALLATION
Inspect the connections for water, gas and electricity.
Confirm that water is being pumped toward the heat
exchanger inlet. Never pump away from the exchanger
since this will result in a low-pressure zone, which will
allow localized boiling and result in heat exchanger
damage.
Power to the boiler and pump must be from the same
circuit to prevent the boiler firing in case the pump is
inadvertently shut off.
Inlet gas pressure must be a minimum of 3” W.C. for
natural gas and 11” W.C. for propane.
With the boiler off, open the main gas supply valve and
vent the trapped air from the piping leading to the
boiler. Confirm that all gas connections to the heater
are tight and that there are no missing test plugs.
Connect a manometer to obtain the differential air
pressure between negative and positive ports. See
Figure #3.
The air/gas ratio controller automatically adjusts to
match the air signal on the gas side. In this way true
mass flow control of air/gas mix is achieved. Typical
differential air settings are listed in Table 8. All boilers
are test fired and factory set. A test sticker with actual
reading is affixed to the unit. In general, these readings
will be within 0.3” W.C. of the readings shown in
Table 8.
Refer to Part 3 of the manual for recommendations on
setting combustion characteristics.
28
8.2
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
8.3
•
•
•
CHECKING THE CONSTRUCTION
Check the boiler wiring to see that it agrees with the
wiring diagram supplied.
Confirm that all terminal strips and field connections
are identified.
Confirm that the SmartFlame control is set in the
proper mode. In remote mode an external controller
determines the set point and the stage contacts on the
SmartFlame are always closed. Auto reset limits are
fixed in all Modes.
With the firing valve in the off position, switch on power
to the boiler. The indicator lights will sequentially
energize to show that the operator, limit control and
water flow are functioning properly. The fan motor will
accelerate until the airflow light energizes. If a light
remains off, the ignition sequence will not proceed.
During trial for ignition the red flame failure light may
light up momentary.
Once all lights are energized the ignition module will try
for ignition. When the igniter is hot enough, the ratio
gas valve actuator is energized and if ignition is
accomplished the blue main burner light will come on
and remain lit. If ignition is not accomplished, the red
flame failure light will energize and two more ignition
trials will be made 15 seconds apart. The control will
then proceed to lockout and must be reset by
momentarily interrupting power. It is normal during
initial start up, when air is being purged from the
piping, to require two to three tries before successful
ignition.
With the boiler running, check for flue gas leaks along
the inner cabinet joints and around the flue outlet.
Some minor leakage is acceptable.
Repair any major leaks prior to proceeding to the next
step.
At the factory adjustments were made to achieve
proper input and acceptable burner performance at full
input and at minimum input.
Depending on field conditions, the CO2 trim valve may
require some minor adjustment at full input. Refer to
Figure #3. Always set the appliance for a CO2 level in
the range of 7.5% to 8.0%. Adjustment at minimum
input can be done at the low fire adjustment screw by
first removing the brass cap. Turning adjustment screw
clockwise will increase CO2.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
8.4
•
•
•
between 7% and 7.5%. For propane, reading will be
approximately 1.5% higher.
Allow the water temperature to rise so that the heater
cycles on the operator.
Check the temperature rise across the heat exchanger.
This will be item ΔT on the SmartFlame control. For
hydronic applications and for domestic hot water, a rise
exceeding 35ºF is not normally recommended. After
confirming temperature rise, set the control to the
“OUT” temperature display using the item key.
Allow the unit to cycle on the limit. This can be done by
gradually restricting outlet water flow. The auto reset
limits are set at 200ºF for domestic hot water and
230ºF for hydronic heating. In addition the heaters are
equipped with a manual reset high limit set at 210ºF for
domestic hot water and 250ºF for hydronic heating.
After confirming limit operation return the control to the
“IN” temperature display.
Remove fan inlet filter. During trial for ignition, block
75% of the fan inlet opening. The air flow light should
de-energize. If it does not, slowly turn the adjustment
screw clockwise until the light de-energizes.
Check the differential pressure switch. Remove the
restriction from the fan inlet and reset the power on the
control panel. A properly set air switch will cause the
air flow light to energize at a fan speed between 15Hz
and 20Hz on the VDF.
Check the ignition retries circuit.
Shut the main gas off to the unit and allow it to try for
ignition. Trial for ignition should commence within 30
seconds.
COMISSIONING APPLIANCE
Remove manometers and replace inlet gas pressure
test plug.
Fill out start up report for each heater. Be sure to
record all settings and readings. Retain a copy of
report for future reference.
Start up is now complete and heater may be placed
into service.
FIRE TESTING
This boiler is designed for low fire soft start. At the start
of trial for ignition the fan will decelerate to minimum
fire and will light off at low fire before ramping up
towards full input depending on the 4 – 20 mA signal
from the controller.
Shut power off to the heater and open the firing valve.
Switch power back on and allow the burner to fire.
Ignition should be smooth with typical differential air
pressures as shown in Table 8: Normally the
differential gas pressure will be identical to the
differential air pressure. Actual differential pressure
may vary from above numbers due to the field
conditions and sample variations. Always make
adjustments to meet the recommended CO2 levels.
Adjust high fire first followed by adjustment to the low
fire settings.
Check combustion. For natural gas the CO2 reading at
full fire should not exceed 8%. At low fire, CO2 will be
29
PART 9
TROUBLE SHOOTING
30
31
•
PART 10
MAINTANANCE
CAUTION
It is important that all gas appliances to be serviced by a
competent person. It is in your own interest and that of
safety to ensure that all local codes, and all the “NOTES”
and “WARNINGS” in this manual are complied with. To
service or adjust this appliance, it is imperative that the
competent serviceman utilize a combustion analyzer to
read CO2, CO and flue pressure according to Camus
Hydronics recommendation
CAUTION
Label all wires prior to disconnection when servicing
controls. Wiring errors can cause improper and dangerous
operation
Lifting Flames: Lifting flames can be caused by over
firing the burner, excessive primary air or high draft in
excess of negative 0.15” W.C.
If improper flame is observed, examine the venting system;
ensure proper gas supply and adequate supply of
combustion and ventilation air.
10.3
FLUE GAS PASSAGEWAYS CLEANING
PROCEDURES
Any sign of soot around the inner jacket, outer jacket, flue
pipe connections, burner or in the areas between the fins
on the copper heat exchanger indicates a need for
cleaning. The following cleaning procedure must only be
performed by a qualified serviceman or installer. Proper
service is required to maintain safe operation. Properly
installed and adjusted units seldom need flue cleaning.
Listed below are items that must be checked to ensure safe
reliable operations. Verify proper operation after servicing.
10.1
EXAMINE THE VENTING SYSTEM
Examine the venting system at least once a year. Check
more often in the first year to determine inspection interval.
Check all joints and pipe connections for tightness,
corrosion or deterioration. Flush the condensate drain hose
with water to clean. Clean screens in the venting air intake
system as required. Have the entire system, including the
venting system, periodically inspected by a qualified service
agency.
All gaskets/sealant on disassembled components or jacket
panels must be replaced with new gaskets/sealant on reassembly. Gasket and sealant kits are available from the
factory
CAUTION
When the vent system is disconnected for any reason it must
be reassembled and resealed according to vent
manufacturer’s instruction
10.4
10.2
VISUALLY CHECK MAIN BURNER
FLAMES
At each start up after long shutdown periods or at least
every six months. A burner view port is located on the
burner mounting flange.
CAUTION
The area around the burner view port is hot and direct
contact could result in burns
Figure 21 – Normal Burner Flame Profile (short dense
and blue)
•
•
•
Normal Flame: A normal flame at 100% of burner input
is blue, with slight yellow tips a well defined flame and
no flame lifting.
Yellow Tip: Yellow tipping can be caused by blockage
or partial obstruction of air flow to the burner.
Yellow Flames: Yellow flames can be caused by
blockage of primary air flow to the burner or excessive
gas input. This condition MUST be corrected
immediately.
CONDENSATION TREATMENT
This high efficiency appliance may operate as a condensing
appliance for extended periods of time based on return
water temperatures. Condensate occurs when the products
of combustion are cooled below their dew point in the heat
transfer process. The liquid condensate formed from this
high efficiency heat transfer process is mildly acidic. The
condensate will typically have a pH ranging from 4.0 to 5.0
as it is discharged from the condensate drain on the rear of
the appliance. The internal jacket area where the
condensate is collected (CHRM) is constructed from a
special corrosion resistant stainless steel. All materials
external to the appliance in contact with the condensate
must be corrosion resistant. This is typically accomplished
by using PVC plastic pipe and synthetic tubing. Condensate
must be able to flow freely from the appliance. All
condensate flow is accomplished by gravity requiring a
minimum downward slope of 1/4” per foot (21mm/m) to
ensure proper flow to the condensate management system
and/or a suitable drain. The neutralizer MUST always be
mounted on the same level or lower than the bottom of the
appliance cabinet. All condensate piping and connections
must be easily accessible for routine maintenance and
inspection.
10.4.1
CONDENSATE VOLUME
There are several factors effecting amount of condensation
created by the appliance CHRM, however for rough
approximation use.
Condensation Volume, US Gallon/Hr = Input, MBH/1000 x
5.0
32
Many codes will require the acidic condensate to be
neutralized before it can be placed in a drain system. A
neutralizer to control the pH of the liquid discharged to a
drain system is provided with every condensing appliance.
The neutralizer consists of an industrial grade, noncorrosive plastic reservoir for collection of the condensate.
The condensate collects in the reservoir where it is in direct
contact with the calcium carbonate. As the reservoir fills, it
provides an extended residence time to neutralize the
condensate. The neutralized condensate exits from the
reservoir outlet. A ‘P’ trap must be installed upstream of
neutralizer see Figure 2 above. Prime the installed
assembly with water to prevent flue gas spillage from the
drain. Use standard ½" vinyl, PVC, CPVC or suitable hose
to run to floor drain.
When the condensate level in the reservoir rises to the
drain, the pH is controlled to a range of 6.2 to 6.5 before
exiting the system. (A pH of 7 is neutral. As the pH number
increases in numerical value, the relative acidity of the
discharge decreases). The neutralized condensate may
then be discharged into a suitable drain system without fear
of damage to the drain system. Always check with local
codes for specific requirements. Neutralizers may be used
in series to raise PH.
10.5
BURNER MAINTENANCE
The burner should be removed for inspection and cleaning
on an annual basis. An appliance installed in a dust or dirt
contaminated environment will require inspection and
cleaning on a more frequent schedule. The fan assisted
combustion process may force airborne dust and dirt
contaminants, contained in the combustion air, into the
burner. With sustained operation, non-combustible
contaminants may reduce burner port area, reduce burner
input or cause non-warrantable damage to the burner.
Airborne contaminants such as dust, dirt, concrete dust or
dry wall dust can be drawn into the burner with the
combustion air and block the burner port area. An external
combustion air filter is provided with the appliance. An
additional filter is located at the fan inlet and like the
external filter may be washed in the sink under the tap. This
internal filter should be checked and cleaned at the time of
appliance commissioning and on a six month interval or
more often in a contaminated environment.
10.5.1
BURNER REMOVAL AND CLEANING
•
•
•
•
•
NOTE:
When the combustion air fan is removed for any reason,
the inlet to the burner must be covered to prevent further
foreign objects from falling into the burner. Always look
inside the burner to check for dents. Do not place a burner
back into operation if the inner distribution screen has
been dented during the service operation, call the factory
for recommendations. Use care when removing and
handling the burner, Sharp objects or impact may damage
or tear the metal fiber surface rendering the burner unfit
for service.
10.5.2
•
•
•
•
•
•
Turn off main electrical power to the appliance.
Turn off main manual gas shutoff to the
appliance
Remove the top cover.
Disconnect the gas supply connection to the fan
inlet.
Disconnect the fan motor power wires at the
harness.
Remove the hot surface igniter and the flame
sensor.
Remove the sensing tubes from the air ratio gas
valve to the combustion air fan.
Remove the 4 nuts holding the fan assembly to
the heat exchanger and remove the fan assembly.
On occasion the red silicone gasket may adhere to
BURNER CLEANING PROCEDURE
Remove any visible dust or dirt blockage from the surface
of the burner using water from a garden house. The
burner may best be cleaned by immersing the burner port
area in a solution of dishwashing detergent and hot
water. Do not use chlorine based solvents or cleaning
agents on the burner. Allow the burner to remain in the
solution for a short period of time to remove dust, dirt and
oil or grease laden contaminants. Rinse the burner
thoroughly with clean water to remove any residue from
the detergent cleaner. The burner should be air dried
after removal from the cleaning solution and rinsing.
10.6
•
Access to the burner will require the following steps:
•
•
the underside of the fan’s flange. Carefully pry the
flange away from the gasket prior to removing the
fan assembly.
The burner can now be lifted vertically out of the
heat exchanger cavity. A ceramic paper gasket is
located directly under the burner flange. This
gasket must be replaced if it is damaged.
Use care to prevent damage to the knitted metal
fiber of the burner surface.
Wash the burner with low pressure water. Never
wipe or brush the surface of the burner.
Check all gaskets and replace as necessary.
Gaskets affected by heat will not reseal properly
and must be replaced.
Replace the burner in the reverse order that it was
removed. Insert the igniter and sensor before
doing the final tightening on the fan mounting nuts.
Evenly tighten the nuts to 20 ft-lbs.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
CHANGING THE HOT SURFACE IGNITER
The hot surface igniter is to be checked at least after
every 4000 hours of operation and more frequently
under high cycling conditions. This will maintain peak
ignition efficiency.
Turn off main electrical power to the appliance.
Turn off main manual gas shutoff to the appliance.
Locate the Hot Surface Igniter.
Disconnect the two power leads to the hot surface
igniter.
Loosen and remove the two screws that hold the
igniter.
Lift the igniter vertically out of the burner mounting
flange. Use care, do not hit or break the silicon carbide
igniter.
Ensure that the ceramic paper gaskets used to seal the
base and top of the igniter are reinstalled on the new
igniter.
33
10.6.1
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Confirm that the end of the replacement igniter has a
bead of silicone sealing the gap between the metal
mounting flange and the ceramic shaft of the igniter.
Carefully insert the igniter into the mounting point on
the burner flange and push into position on top of the
fan’s flange.
Reinstall the two mounting head screws and tighten by
hand only.
Ensure that the igniter ceramic paper gaskets are
properly installed and seal the point of contact between
the igniter and fan mounting flange.
Reconnect the power leads to the igniter.
Turn on main gas supply.
Turn on main power.
Test fire the appliance to ensure proper operation.
The igniter must generate 3A to reliably prove the
ignition system.
10.7
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER
INSPECTION
The primary heat exchanger should be inspected at the
time of burner maintenance.
Turn off all power to the appliance.
Turn off main gas to the appliance.
Remove top cover.
Remove fan assembly and burner as detailed in the
Burner and Cleaning section.
Check the heat exchanger surface for soot. If soot is
present, heat exchanger must be cleaned and problem
corrected.
Remove the front outer jacket door.
Remove the front inner jacket door.
Check “V” baffles on the exchanger.
Use detergent water pressure wash to remove soot
from heat exchanger and surfaces of the inner
chamber.
When necessary, the heat exchanger can be removed
by disconnecting all water piping and removing the
eight flange mounting bolts at the rear of the appliance.
The heat exchanger can now be removed from the
front of the appliance.
Reinstall inner jacket door. Replace any damaged
gaskets to ensure a proper air seal.
Reinstall the burner and fan assembly.
Reassemble all gas and water piping. Test for gas
leaks.
Reassemble outer jacket panels. Keep top cover off.
Cycle unit and check for proper operation.
Once proper operation is confirmed replace the top
cover.
10.8
•
•
•
•
RE-INSTALLING THE IGNITER
CONDENSING HEAT RECOVERY
MODULE (CHRM) INSPECTION
Inspect the CHRM annually.
Turn off all power to the appliance.
Turn off main gas to appliance.
Remove the top cover, front and right side outer
panels.
Remove the CHRM access cover.
Pressure wash the heat exchanger. Use a soft bristle
brush to remove any remaining deposits.If necessary
the heat exchanger can be removed by disconnecting
all water piping and lifting it out from the side.
10.9
•
•
•
•
•
•
RE-INSTALL HEAT EXCHANGERS
Carefully reinstall the heat exchanger if removed from
the appliance.
Check all gaskets and replace if damaged.
Replace heat exchanger cover.
Reassemble outer jacket panels.
Cycle unit and check for proper operation.
Replace the top cover
10.10
COMBUSTION AIR FAN
Combustion air fan should be checked every 6 months.
Clean internal filter to fan as required when installed in a
dust or dirt contaminated location. See Combustion Air Fan
in the component section for cleaning procedure. The motor
and bearings on the combustion air fan are sealed and
permanently lubricated requiring no addition of oil or
lubricants.
10.11
COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION AIR
Check frequently to be sure that the flow of combustion and
ventilation air to the appliance is not obstructed.
Combustion and ventilation air must be provided to the
mechanical room with openings sized per the requirements
of the B149 or National Fuel Gas Code. The optional
outdoor air kit brings combustion air from the outdoors
directly to the appliance.
10.12
CONTROL CIRCUIT VOLTAGE
This appliance uses a transformer to supply a low voltage
control circuit. The voltage on the secondary side should be
24 to 28VAC when measured with a voltmeter. A secondary
voltage of 21VAC or less supplied to 24VAC components
may cause operational problems. A 4A circuit breaker is
provided on the secondary side of the transformer. The
circuit breaker is located on the front control panel. A
tripped circuit breaker indicates a short in the 24VAC
controls and must be corrected.
10.13
COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS
CAUTION
Keep appliance clear from combustible materials; do not
store GASOLINE and other flammable vapors and liquids
in the proximity of the appliance.
10.14
FREEZE PROTECTION
Installations are not recommended in areas where the
danger of freezing exists. Proper freeze protection must be
provided for appliances installed outdoors, in unheated
mechanical rooms or where temperatures may drop to the
freezing point or lower. If freeze protection is not provided
for the system, a low ambient temperature alarm is
recommended for the mechanical room. Damage to the
appliance by freezing is non-warrantable.
•
•
Location - Heating boilers, hot water supply boilers or
water heaters must be located in a room having a
temperature of at least 50ºF (10ºC)
Caution - A mechanical room operating under a
negative pressure may experience a downdraft in the
flue of an appliance that is not firing. The cold outside
air may be pulled down the flue and freeze a heat
exchanger. This condition must be corrected to provide
adequate freeze protection.
34
•
•
Freeze protection for the appliance using an indirect
coil can be provided by using hydronic system
antifreeze. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions. DO
NOT use undiluted or automotive type antifreeze.
Shut-down and draining - If for any reason, the unit is
to be shut off in a space where danger of freezing
exists, the following precautionary measures must be
taken:
o Shut off gas supply.
o Shut off water supply.
o Shut off electrical supply.
o Drain the main exchanger and the secondary
exchanger, if supplied, completely.
o Ensure that the pump and connecting piping are
fully drained.
10.15
•
•
•
•
•
FREEZE PROTECTION FOR A HEATING
BOILER SYSTEM (Optional)
Use only properly diluted inhibited glycol antifreeze
designed for hydronic systems.
Follow the instructions from the antifreeze
manufacturer. Quantity of antifreeze required is based
on total system volume including expansion tank
volume.
Antifreeze is denser than water and changes the
viscosity of the system. The addition of antifreeze will
decrease heat transfer and increase frictional loss in
the boiler and related piping. Where antifreeze has
been used, to maintain the temperature rise across the
appliance confirm that the recommended GPM for pure
water has been increased by 15% and the head loss
by 20%.
Local codes may require a back flow preventer or
actual disconnect from city water supply when
antifreeze is added to the system.
When filling or topping-up the system with water mixed
with the antifreeze always used distilled or RO (reverse
osmosis) water. This will prevent the reaction of the
water with antifreeze which can create sludge.
PART 11
11.1
INSTALLATIONS
HEATING BOILER INSTALLATIONS
The appliance MUST always be installed in a
primary/secondary piping system for proper operation.
Before beginning the installation, consult local codes for
specific plumbing requirements. The installation should
provide unions and valves at the inlet and outlet of the
appliance so it can be isolated for service. An air separation
device must be supplied in the installation piping to
eliminate trapped air in the system. Locate a system air
vent at the highest point in the system. The system must
also have a properly sized expansion tank installed.
Typically, an air charged diaphragm-type expansion tank is
used. The expansion tank must be installed close to the
boiler and on the suction side of the system pump
(appliance Inlet) to ensure proper operation. Caution: This
appliance should not be operated at less than 15 PSIG
cold. Pressure will rise when hot. Expansion tank sizing will
determine the pressure when the system is hot. Do not
operate the system at less than 30 PSIG when hot. Water
piping must be supported by suitable hangers or floor
stands, NOT by the appliance. Pipe systems will be subject
to considerable expansion and contraction. Pipe supports
could allow the pipe to slide resulting in noise transmitted
into the system. Padding is recommended. The boiler
pressure relief valve must be piped to a suitable floor drain.
See Section 4.2.
CAUTION
A leak in a boiler “System” will cause the “System” to
intake fresh water constantly, which will cause the tubes to
accumulate a line/scale build up. This will cause a NONWARRANTABLE FAILURE.
11.2
WATER CONNECTIONS
All models have FIP inlet and outlet bronze connections.
Pipe size must be in accordance with table 9 and, between
supply and return lines, must not exceed 80 feet of
equivalent length. Any reduction in recommended pipe size
may decrease flow resulting in high water temperatures,
boiler noise, flashing to steam and non-warrantable heat
exchanger damage.
11.3
PIPING LENGTHS
The appliance circulator provides the water flow from the
primary boiler piping, through the boiler and back to the
primary system. Pipe diameter and length are critical to
ensure proper flow through the boiler.
The secondary loop piping to and from the appliance must
have a fully ported ball valve installed in both the supply
and return side piping and will be used for isolation only.
The ball valves must be the same diameter as the installed
piping. If flow control is required, other means of flow
control such as globe valve or flow setter should be used.
11.4
INTERMITTENT PUMP OPERATION
An intermittent pump operation signal is standard and can
be used to operate a separate pump contactor .A ¾ hp
pump delay relay is available as an option. When equipped
with this option, the boiler’s integral circulating pump will
cycle on at each call for heat, before the burner fires. The
pump will continue to operate while the burner is firing. The
pump will run for a period of time until the programmed
delta T between inlet and outlet is reached, after the
temperature set point is satisfied. This will remove any
residual heat from the combustion chamber before turning
the pump off. See wiring diagram shipped with the unit.
11.5
a)
SUMMARY
Typical Boiler Installations
General Plumbing Rules
1 Check all local codes.
2 For serviceability of boiler, always install
unions.
3 Always pipe pressure relief valve to an open
drain.
4 Locate system air vents at highest point of
system.
5 Expansion tank must be installed near the
boiler and on the suction side of the system
pump.
6 Support all water piping.
35
b)
Placing the Boiler in Operation
Pre-Start Check List
1 Review the location of the boiler, clearances
from combustible surfaces and available
service clearances.
2 Review Part 2 Venting. Ensure that all vent
components are fabricated from the correct
category of materials with adequate clearance
from combustibles.
3 Ensure that the boiler condensate drain and
all vent system condensate drains are
properly routed to an acceptable floor drain or
neutralization system.
4 Review the vent termination point for proper
location and clearances.
5 Ensure that proper volumes of combustion
and ventilation air are provided to the
mechanical room. If a separate combustion
air pipe is used, ensure that it is properly
sized, sealed and terminated.
6 Review the water piping from the boiler to the
system. The boiler must be installed in a
primary/ secondary piping system. Review the
diameter and equivalent length of the installed
piping to and from the boiler to ensure proper
flow.
7 Ensure that a properly sized primary system
pump is installed with an expansion tank.
8 Check system pressure. Ensure a minimum of
30 PSIG with the system hot and not more
than 90% of the rated pressure of the relief
valve.
9 Review the installed gas piping from the
meter to the boiler. Ensure that the gas pipe,
meter and any regulators are adequately
sized.
10 Review the field wiring and electrical service
for both the boiler controls and pump. Ensure
that the electrical service(s) is adequately
sized.
Boiler Set-Up
1 Ensure that the boiler and piping system are
full of water. Bleed all air from thepump
housing and secondary loop.
2 Check system for any water leaks.
3 Check system for installation of glycol or
water treatment where required. Where glycol
has been used to maintain the temperature
rise across the appliance confirm that the
recommended flow for pure water has been
increased by 15% and the head loss by 20%.
4 Turn on power to the primary system pump
and the appliance secondary pump and verify
operation.
Boiler Operational Checks
1 Turn the boiler main power switch to the “ON”
position.
2 Verify operation of the Fuji and Diagnostic
Display.
3 Program the adjustable points.
4 Turn the switch to the “ON” position to start
boiler operation.
5 Push the resets for low water level, high water
temperature and flame failure.
6 Install a manometer on the gas supply to the
boiler and verify minimum gas supply
7
pressure as the burner fires at 100% of rated
input.
Verify operation of safeties as necessary (low
water cut-off, high limit, gas pressure, etc.).
Boiler Operation
1 Appliance should begin the start-up process
for the sequence of operation.
2 The boiler will fire down to 20% of rated input
on initial start-up and adjust input as required
to meet system demand.
3 Ensure that inlet water temperature does not
fall below 110°F (43.3°C).
4 Based on system demand, the appliance will
modulate accordingly.
5 As system demand is satisfied, the burner will
cycle off and the combustion air fan will
decelerate at a pre-programmed rate before
the appliance shuts down.
11.6
DOMESTIC HOT WATER HEATER
Hot water heaters are designed for installation with a
storage tank. The operation of the properly sized circulating
pump, the piping between the tank and heater and the
control of water velocity, as explained below, are important
for correct operation of your hot water heater.
11.7
WATER VELOCITY CONTROL
To ensure proper velocity through the heat exchanger(s), it
is necessary to select the proper pump. Temperature rise
at full fire will be an indication of flow. This must be done
on initial installation and periodically rechecked.
Excessive lime/scale build-up in the heat exchanger tubes
is a result of restricted flow and too little velocity in the
tubes. Excessive pitting or erosion in the tube is caused by
high water flow and too much velocity through the tubes.
Care should be taken to maintain required water velocity
based on water condition as follows:
11.8
1
2
3
4
TEMPERATURE RISE AT FULL FIRING
RATE
The pump must run continuously when the burner is
firing.
With the pump running and the burner in the water
heater or hot water supply boiler in the off cycle, the
Return/Inlet temperature and Supply/Outlet
temperature readings on the SmartFlame display
should read approximately the same temperatures.
Turn the hot water heater on and allow time for the
temperature to stabilize. Check the temperature rise
when the burner is firing at 100% of rated input.
Compare the temperature rise on the SmartFlame
display with the required temperature rise at the
required flow rate based on water condition (Soft,
Normal, and Hard). Should adjustment be needed,
proceed as follows:
If the temperature rise is too high, the water velocity is
too low. Adjust as follows:
1 Check for flow restrictions. Check for debris in strainers
2 Check diameter and equivalent length of the piping
between the storage tank and hot water heater.
3 Be sure all valves are open between the hot water
heater and the storage tank. Ensure that all ball valves
are fully ported.
36
4
5
6
Check the pump to be sure it is running properly and
that the pump motor is running in the proper direction.
Be sure the pipes between the hot water heater and
storage tank are not more than a total of 80 equivalent
feet between supply and return lines. If maximum
equivalent length for the specified pipe diameter is
exceeded, larger diameter pipe may have to be
installed to achieve correct flow and temperature rise.
Common manifold piping for multiple unit installations
will require larger minimum pipe sizes and tank
circulating tapping to ensure proper flow.
If the temperature rise is too low, the water velocity is
too high. Adjust as follows:
1 Temperature rise can be increased by slowly closing
the flow control valve (globe valve or flow setter) in the
outlet piping from the hot water heater to the storage
tank to achieve the proper temperature rise.
2 Sustained high water velocity and low temperature rise
may result in pitting or erosion of the copper tubes in
the heat exchangers. This is a non-warrantable failure.
Temperature rise must be properly adjusted to achieve
the specified flow rate.
The required temperature rise and the recommended pump
size are based on the heating of potable water with a
hardness of 7.5 to 17.0 grains per gallon and a total
dissolved solids not exceeding 300 PPM. Consult the
factory when heating potable water exceeding these
specifications. Heating of high hardness and/or high total
dissolved solids water may require a larger circulating
pump, an optional Copper-Nickel heat exchanger and a
revised temperature rise specification based on the water
chemistry of the water to be heated. Water with a hardness
of less than 5 grains per gallon will usually have a low pH
which can be aggressive and corrosive causing nonwarrantable damage to the heater, pump and associated
piping. Corrosion due to water chemistry generally shows
up first in the hot water system because heated water
increases the rate of corrosive chemical reactions.
CAUTION
Temperature rise cannot be adjusted when the burner is
firing at less than 100% of input rate.
11.9
WATER HEATERS
Incorrect piping of the cold water supply to the system may
result in excessive low temperature operation causing
condensate formation on the primary heat exchanger and
operational problems. The cold water supply piping must be
installed in the discharge piping from the heater to the
storage tank. This allows the cold water to be tempered in
the storage tank before entering the heater.
The manufacturer recommends the use of a properly sized
thermostatic mixing valve to supply domestic hot water at
temperatures less than 140°F (60°C). Storing the water at a
higher temperature and thermostatically mixing the water
will decrease the size of the storage tank and increase the
available quantity of mixed hot water. Caution! Adequate
care MUST be taken to prevent potential scald injury when
storing water at 140°F (60°C) and hotter.
WARNING
Should overheating occur or the gas supply fail to shut off,
do not turn off or disconnect the electrical supply to the
pump, instead, shut off the gas supply at a location
external to the appliance
37
PART 12
EXPLODED VIEW
38
39
40
Sheet Metal Components
Ref
#
Name of Part
Part ID
1
Outer Jacket Front
Panel
14-6004
2
Combustion
Chamber Door
14-5210
Model Sizes
ALL
14-5012
4
Heat Exchanger
Base Support
14-5011
5
Combustion
Chamber Wrap
14-5008
6
Outer Jacket Right
Panel
14-6012
7
Flue Outlet
Transition
8
Flue Conduit
10
11
Transition Inner to
Outer Jackets
12
Outer Jacket Rear
Panel
13
Inner Top Panel
14
Drain Pan
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
Outer Jacket Left
Panel
Electrical
Enclosure
Ignitor Mounting
Flange
Sight Glass Holder
Control Panel
Outdoor Cover
Door
Control Panel
Outdoor Cover
Rain Canopy
Back Cover Plate
(Condensing)
Secondary Heat
Exchanger Cover
Secondary Heat
Exchanger
Enclosure Main
Section
Secondary Heat
Exchanger Closure
Plate
Electrical Box
1100
1200
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
14-5204
Base Panel
9
750
X
14-5221
3
Vent Transition
Disk
Back Cover Plate
(Non-Condensing)
500
14-5206
14-5205
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
14-5202
14-5223
14-5290
X
X
X
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
14-5208
X
14-0346
14-6022
X
X
X
X
14-5225
14-5224
1750
X
14-5014
14-5279
1500
X
14-5009
X
X
X
X
14-5203
14-0203
X
14-5211
14-5222
X
14-5260
X
14-5051
X
14-0049
X
14-5231
X
14-5232
X
14-5233
X
14-0347
14-5272
X
14-5271
X
14-5274
X
14-0263
X
X
X
X
41
14-0350
X
14-0351
X
14-0352
X
14-0353
27
Vee Baffle Sets
X
14-0354
X
14-0355
X
14-0356
X
14-0357
X
14-0358
X
14-0371
28
29
Outer Jacket Top
Wrap
Outer Jacket Top
Cover
14-5226
X
14-5227
X
GFH 6"
30
Outside Air Intake
Housing
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
3500
4000
4500
5000
X
X
X
X
X
GFH 8"
X
X
X
GFH 10"
X
X
GFH 12"
X
X
X
GFH 14"
Miscellaneous Components
Ref
#
Name of Part
Part ID
40
Flame Rod
66-0023
X
41
Hot Surface Ignitor
3201R
X
42
View Port Glass
VPORTGLASS
X
Model Sizes
ALL
13-5052
500
750
1100
1200
X
X
X
X
13-5330
43
Burner Flange
1500
1750
2000
X
X
X
2500
13-5331
3000
X
13-5332
X
13-5333
44
Inlet Outlet Header
Top Gasket
33-0020
X
X
X
X
33-0018
X
X
X
X
33-0019
45
Burner Support
Ceramic Gasket
X
33-0023
X
500-BRN
X
750-BRN
X
X
X
X
1100-BRN
X
1200-BRN
X
1500-BRN
X
1750-BRN
46
Main Burner
X
2000-BRN
X
2500-BRN
X
3000-BRN
X
3500-BRN
X
4000-BRN
X
4500-BRN
X
5000-BRN
47
Burner Flange
Support Gasket
X
33-0015
X
33-0017
Valve Actuator
SKP50.191U17
X
X
X
33-0021
50
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
42
X
51
Valve Body
VGG10.2544
66-5000
52
Air Gas Inlet
Adapter
X
X
X
X
66-5001
X
66-5003
X
X
X
66-5004
X
X
66-5005
GFH-500-CH
X
GFH-750-CH
X
GFH-1500-CH
X
GFH-1750-CH
X
GFH-2000-CH
X
GFH-2500-CH
X
GFH-3000-CH
X
GFH-3500-CH
X
GFH-4000-CH
X
GFH-4500-CH
X
GFH-5000-CH
GFIF-500-CH
X
X
GFIF-750-CH
X
GFIF-1100-CH
X
GFIF-1200-CH
X
GFIF-1500-CH
X
GFIF-1750-CH
54
Fan Intake Filter
X
GFIF-2000-CH
X
GFIF-2500-CH
X
GFIF-3000-CH
X
GFIF-3500-CH
X
GFIF-4000-CH
X
GFIF-4500-CH
X
GFIF-5000-CH
500-HTX
X
X
750-HTX
X
1100-HTX
X
1200-HTX
X
1500-HTX
55
Primary Heat
Exchanger (Vee
Baffles Excluded)
X
1750-HTX
X
2000-HTX
X
2500-HTX
X
3000-HTX
X
3500-HTX
X
4000-HTX
X
4500-HTX
X
5000-HTX
CAM 500
56
Secondary Heat
Exchanger
X
X
CAM 1750
X
X
X
X
X
CAM 3000
X
X
X
CAM 5000
AF9
57
Fan Intake Filter
AF10
AF12
X
X
GFH-1200-CH
Filter Holder
X
X
GFH-1100-CH
53
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
43
58
Flange Gasket
33-0013
X
X
X
X
33-0014
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Electrical Components
Ref
#
Name of Part
Part ID
Model Sizes
ALL
SM005S
60
Variable Frequency
Drive (1/2HP, 1HP,
1 1/2HP, 3HP)
500
750
1100
1200
X
X
X
X
SM010S
1500
1750
2000
X
X
X
SM015S
SM23S
61
Ignition Module
DF 35-67
62
Control
BTC-2PA
X
63
Control
PXZ
X
64
On/Off Switch
W51A152A
X
65
Indicator Lights
IND.LGT.SET
X
66
Fuse
BK/AGC-4
X
67
24V/120V Relays
LY1F 24/120
X
68
75VA Transformer
HCT-01J28807
X
1/2 HP
69
Electrical Motor
1 HP
1 1/2 HP
3 HP
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
44
PART 13
ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS
45
46
47
48
49
50
WARRANTY
GENERAL
Camus Hydronics Limited (“Camus”) extends the following LIMITED WARRANTY to the owner of this appliance, provided that
the product has been installed and operated in accordance with the Installation Manual provided with the equipment. Camus
will furnish a replacement for, or at Camus option repair, any part that within the period specified below, shall fail in normal use
and service at its original installation location due to any defect in workmanship, material or design. The repaired or
replacement part will be warranted for only the unexpired portion of the original warranty. This warranty does not cover failures
or malfunctions resulting from: (1) Failure to properly install, operate or maintain the equipment in accordance with Camus’
manual; (2) Abuse, alteration, accident, fire, flood, foundation problems and the like; (3) Sediment or lime build-up, freezing, or
other conditions causing inadequate water circulation; (4) Pitting and erosion caused by high water velocity; (5) Failure of
connected systems devices, such as pump or controller; (6) Use of non-factory authorized accessories or other components in
conjunction with the system; (7) failing to eliminate air from, or replenish water in, the connected water system; (8) Chemical
contamination of combustion air or use of chemical additives to water.
HEAT EXCHANGER
If within TEN years after initial installation of the appliance, a heat exchanger shall prove upon examination by Camus to be
defective in material or workmanship, Camus will exchange or repair such part or portion on the following pro rated limited
warranty. (1) Years one through five - standard warranty (2) Years six through ten - replacement purchase price pro rated at the
following schedule: Year six - 60%, Year seven - 65%, Year eight -70%, Year nine -75% Year ten -80% of the current list price
of the current list price This term is reduced to FIVE years if the appliance is used for other than hydronic space heating.
Heat Exchanger shall be warranted for (20) years from date of installation against “Thermal Shock” (excluded, however, if
caused by appliance operation at large changes exceeding 150 ºF between the water temperature at intake and appliance
temperature, or operating at appliance temperatures exceeding 230 ºF). The Condensing Heat Recovery Module is warranted
for a period of FIVE years.
BURNER
If within FIVE years after initial installation of the appliance a burner shall prove upon examination by Camus to be defective in
material or workmanship, Camus will exchange or repair such part or portion.
ANY OTHER PART
If any other part fails within one (1) year after installation, or eighteen (18) months from date of factory shipment based on
Camus' records, whichever comes first. Camus will furnish a replacement or repair that part. Replacement parts will be shipped
f.o.b. our factory.
HOW TO MAKE A CLAIM
Any claim under this warranty shall be made directly to Camus Hydronics Limited Canadian Head Office
SERVICE LABOR RESPONSIBILITY
Camus shall not be responsible for any labour expenses to service, repair or replace the components supplied. Such costs are
the responsibility of the owner.
DISCLAIMERS
Camus shall not be responsible for any water damage. Provisions should be made that in the event of a water/appliance or
fitting leak, the resulting flow of water will not cause damage to its surroundings.
Name of Owner
Name of Dealer
Address
Address
Model No.
Serial No.
Date of Installation:
Date of Initial Operation:
6226 Netherhart Road, Mississauga, Ontario, L5T 1B7, CANADA
51
CAMUS Hydronics is a
manufacturer
of
replacement parts for
most copper finned
water heaters
and
heating
boilers as well
as a
The
CAMUS
CERTIFIED!
Seal
assures
you
that
Reliability, Efficiency &
serviceability are built
into
every
single unit!
For
more
information
supplier of specialty
HVAC products. Our
service line is open 24
hours, 7 days a week!
on
our
innovative
products from CAMUS
Hydronics Limited, call
905-696-7800 today.
CAMUS HYDRONICS LTD.
6226 Netherhart Road, Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1B7
TEL: 905·696·7800 FAX: 905·696·8801
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