Ricoh XR-X3pf
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Ricoh XR-X3pf camera manual
This printed manual is some 63 pages long. I broke up the on-line manual into sections to cut up the 90+ images.
,">Problems, suggestions - Web Master
1. Locating the Controls
2. Function Map
3. LCD Information
4. Quick Guide in Program
Mode
5. CONTENTS
6. ATTACHING THE STRAP
7. INSERTING BATTERIES
8. MOUNTING AND REMOVING THE
LENS
9. SETTING LENS TO THE P (PROGRAM)
POSITION
10. MAIN SWITCH
11. MONITORING CONDITION OF
BATTERIES
12. LOADING THE FILM
13. SETTING THE FILM
SPEED
14. MAIN SWITCH
15. CONFIRMING THE SHOOTING MODE
16. USING THE FLASH
17. HOLDING THE CAMERA
18. SHOOTING
19. FOCUSING
20. REWINDING THE FILM
21. SELF-TIMER FUNCTION
22. SETTING THE MODES
23. RESETTING THE MODES
24. SHOOTING MODES
25. PROGRAM AE MODE
26. SHUTTER PRIORITY AE MODE
27. APERTURE PRIORITY AE MODE
28. MANUAL MODE
29. to 37
38. to 51
<<< update - I have been told a Olympus or Pentax eyecups and other accessories will work on XR cameras
>>>
1. Locating the Controls
2. Function Map
Camera parts - Click here for images of the camera parts and LCD images
3. LCD Information
Reading the Exposure Indicator
The exposure indicator is displayed on the LCD Panel in the following conditions:


In Manual Mode
When the exposure compensation has been set.

When the exposure compensation will be set.

When Auto Bracketing Mode or flash compensation have been set.

When the film speed is set.
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In Manual Mode and with exposure compensation, it is displayed in both the LCD Panel and in
viewfinder display.
In Manual Mode, or with exposure compensation, the exposure indicator will display the correct
exposure difference (EV).
The * (dot) mark flashes when the value is over -2EV or +2EV.
The exposure range (EV) in Auto Bracketing Mode and the flash compensation value (EV) in Flash
Compensation Mode are displayed. The exposure difference (EV) of the manually set film speed and
the automatically set film speed are displayed.
4. Quick Guide in Program Mode - Click here
5. CONTENTS
6. ATTACHING THE STRAP
1. Remove the Battery Holder by turning the Battery
Holder Screw counterclockwise with a coin. (Fig. 1)
2. Slip the Viewfinder Cap and Shoulder Pad on to the strap. (Fig. 2)
3. Run the Strap Through the Strap Eyelet and set as shown. (Fig. 3)
4. Secure the Battery Holder to the camera body by turning the Battery Holder Screw
clockwise with a coin. (Fig. 4)
5. Adjust the strap length as desired.
7. INSERTING BATTERIES
1. Insert four new alkaline batteries into the Battery Holder, first checking that
the + and the - (negative) on each battery are lined up correctly according to
the polarity indications inside the Battery Holder. (Fig. 5)
2. Secure the Battery Holder to the camera body by turning the Battery Holder
Screw clockwise with a coin. (Fig. 6)
Battery Choices:
* Four Penlight (AA) alkaline batteries. (nickel cadmium batteries possible.)
* Condition of batteries should be monitored frequently. See Section 11 for details.
* When changing the batteries, be sure to replace all four and to use the same battery brand.
* AA Size lithium batteries can not be used.
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8. MOUNTING AND REMOVING THE LENS
1. Pull off the Camera Body Cap. (Fig. 7)
2. Align the red dot on the camera with the red dot on the lens and mount the
lens on the camera. (Fig. 8)
3. Turn the lens in the direction shown by the arrow until it clicks into place. (Fig.
9)
4. To remove the lens, press the Lens Release Button, then turn
the lens in the direction shown by the arrow. (Fig. 10)
* Conventional K mount lenses can be used in Aperture priority
and Manual Modes but cannot be used for Programmed AE
Photography or Shutter Priority AE.
* For best results, use Ricoh original equipment lens. Proper
performance of camera may not always be assured with other
lenses. (MIKE: you must use a KR (Ricoh lens contact pin) or
KA/R (Ricoh and Pentax lens contact pins)
9. SETTING LENS TO THE P (PROGRAM) POSITION
1. While the P Lock Button is pressed, turn the Aperture Ring.
2. Set it to the locked P position for programmed automatic
exposure photography.
 To unlock the Aperture ring from P. turn it while the P Lock
Button is depressed. (Fig. 11 )
10. MAIN SWITCH
1. Slide the Main Switch to ON. (Fig. 12)
* The camera is designed to shut off the main power supply
automatically to save battery energy when the camera is
not in use for about 30 secs. even if the Main Switch is left
ON. This will turn off the LCD Panel, but the information
contained in camera memory will be retained. Lightly press
the Shutter Release Button to turn on the power and
update the LCD Panel. For maximum battery life, always
turn the Main Switch to the OFF position when the camera
is stored.
11. MONITORING CONDITION OF BATTERIES
When the Power Switch is turned on, the battery condition is
displayed in the LCD Panel.
1. Batteries are in good condition when the (battery in full
black) symbol appears on the LCD Panel. (Fig. 13)
2. When the batteries are nearly exhausted, the (battery and
1 dot) symbol will be displayed on the LCD Panel. (Fig. 14)
Replace with 4 new alkaline batteries.
3. When the (battery and 1 dot) symbol flashes, the Built-in Flash
cannot be used. To use the Built-in Flash, replace the batteries
with 4 new (alkaline) batteries. (Fig. 15)
4. When the batteries are virtually exhausted, the (empty battery)
symbol will appear in the LCD Panel. For a few sec. then
disappear all display. Replace with 4 new alkaline batteries.
(Fig. 16)
Cold temperatures will reduce battery efficiency. In freezing
weather, the symbol may turn off and only the (battery and one
dot) symbol may show on the LCD Panel. If you are taking
pictures in cold weather, keep the batteries warm and insert them
just before shooting.
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12. LOADING THE FILM
Always avoid direct sunlight when loading the film.
1. Depress the Back Cover Lock Release Button and slide
the Back Cover Latch down to open the Back Cover. (Fig.
17)
2. Load the Film Cassette into the Film Chamber and pull
out enough film leader to extend just beyond the Film
Leader Index against the Take-up Spool. (Fig. 18)
* If the film leader is pulled out more than necessary when
loading, the number of exposures could be reduced.
3. Make sure that the film is within the Film Guides, and that
the upper sprocket edge is under the Guide Plate. (Fig. 19)
The film may not load properly if the film leader is too loose.
Make sure it is flat as shown in the illustration. (Fig. 20)

4. Close the Back Cover so that the Back Cover Latch
snaps shut. (Fig. 21)
If the film has been properly loaded, the film speed will first appear
on the LCD Panel for about 2 seconds. Then, the Exposure
Counter will display "1" (Fig. 22).
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

If display shuts off, lightly press Shutter Release Button to
update LCD.
LCD display data can be verified by checking the
information visible through Film Loaded Window on camera
back.
5. If the film has not advanced correctly or was not taken up onto
the Film Take-up Spool, the Exposure Counter "O" will blink and
Shutter is locked until the film has been loaded correctly.
Reload the film by repeating steps 1 - 4 shown above. (Fig. 23)

If Non-DX films are loaded in the camera, no LCD
warnings will be observed and Shutter can be released.
(The film speed must also be set manually. See next
section.)
13 SETTING THE FILM SPEED
DX coded films are provided with black-and-silver patterns corresponding
to film speed and number of exposures on roll. The camera reads this
pattern and automatically sets itself for DX films with speeds ranging from
ISO 25 to 5000. (Fig. 24)
DX films


1. The film speed and the "DX" verification symbols are briefly displayed on the LCD Panel.
* For advanced applications, you may wish to raise or lower the ISO speed of a DX coded film.
You can override automatic ISO setting with manual setting. Refer to sec. 35 At this time, ISO
range is from 12-6400.
Non-DX films
Refer to page 39 for loading non-DX films.
14.MAIN SWITCH
1. Turn the Main Switch ON. (Fig. 25)
* The LCD Panel and the display inside the viewfinder are
displayed.
* If there is a film loaded in the camera, the film speed will be
displayed for the first 2 seconds.
2. Check the batteries.
* See "Monitoring Condition of Batteries" on P.14.
* If the Main Switch is turned OFF, the power will be
completely cut off. The LCD Panel and the viewfinder display
will disappear.
* If the following functions are set, they will be canceled when
the Main Switch is turned OFF.
· Multiple Exposure Mode
· AE Lock
· Self timer Mode
* To prevent unnecessary battery depletion, turn the Main switch OFF when you are not
shooting.
Power consumption timer
If the camera controls ~ or functions ** are not operated for about 30 seconds, the power
consumption timer will cancel the display on the LCD Panel. At this time, if the Shutter Button is
pressed lightly halfway, the display will appear again. All Buttons, Dial, Main Switch.
* * Shooting, Film loading, Film rewinding.
* The mode settings performed before the display disappears will not be canceled.
* When the power consumption timer has canceled the display, only the following can be
operated: Shutter Button, Self-timer Button, Manual Rewind Button and Main Switch.
To set or change the mode settings, press the Shutter Button halfway to display the LCD Panel.
15. CONFIRMING THE SHOOTING MODE
The following section explains how to shoot with the simplest
shooting mode. If the shooting mode is set to Program AK, the
camera will automatically adjust the shutter speed and aperture to
the brightness of the subject you are shooting.
* Refer to "Shooting Modes" on P.26 and " Program
AE Shooting" on P.27 for more information.
1. Confirm that "Auto" is displayed in the LCD Panel. (Fig. 26)
* If there are other displays besides the "Auto" display in the LCD Panel, press the RESET Button.
If 'Auto" does not appear when the RESET Button is pressed, refer to "Changing the Reset
Settings"
pg. 54.
2. While pressing the P Lock Pin on the lens, turn the "P" mark on the Aperture Ring to the
Distance/Aperture Index. (Fig. 27)
* Shooting in this mode is not possible with a lens that cannot be used
with the Program Mode.
* On some lenses, the "P" mark is indicated as an "A".
16. USING THE FLASH
Use the flash when shooting in dark places, in backlit
conditions or when the subject is dark.
1. Pull up the Built-in Flash. (Fig. 28)
* Open the flash by pulling on the protruding grips on the sides of
the flash.
2. Check that the Flash symbol (lightning bolt) is displayed on the
LCD Panel. (Fig. 29)
17. HOLDING THE CAMERA
To prevent camera shake, be sure to hold the camera correctly
when shooting.
Support the camera on the palm of your left hand so as you can
turn the focusing ring with your fingers. (Fig. 30)
With your right hand lightly grasp the grip and place your index
finger lightly over the Shutter Button. When pressing the Shutter
Button, grasp the grip firmly. Place your elbows against your body
when shooting with the camera in a horizontal position, or place
your left elbow against your body when shooting with the camera in
a vertical position.
(Fig. 31 )
Place your forehead against the camera and look through the
viewfinder.
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18. SHOOTING
1. Press the Shutter Button halfway. (Fig. 32)
* A display will appear at the bottom, inside the viewfinder.
* The Shutter Button can be pressed in two ways. If it is pressed
halfway, the LCD Panel display and the viewfinder display will
appear. If it is fully pressed, the shutter will be released.
* If the camera is not operated for about 10 seconds, the display
insides the viewfinder will disappear. By pressing the shutter
release button half way the display will appear.
2. Confirm that the viewfinder display has appeared. (Fig. 33)
* The viewfinder display should be as shown in the illustration. The
"P" mark indicates that it is set to Program AE Mode. The number
on the left of the "P" mark is the shutter speed. The number on the
right side is the aperture setting.
* If the camera is not operated for approximately 30 seconds, he
display on the LCD panel will disappear. By pressing the Shutter
Button halfway, the display will reappear.
* When a slow shutter speed has been set, use a tripod to prevent
camera shake.
19. FOCUSING
Focusing is achieved with the Split image focusing, the Microprism
focusing or the Matte screen focusing in the viewfinder. The type of
focusing depends on the subject and the lens being used. (Fig. 34, 35)
1. While looking through the viewfinder, focus by turning the
Focusing Ring. (Fig. 36)
2. Press the Shutter Button. (Fig. 37)
* The film is wound on when the shutter is released.
Types of Focusing
1. Split image
The area inside of the center circle is the split image. When both
images in the split image spot form a single, clear image, the
subject is in focus.
2. Microprism
The area inside the outer circle is the microprism. When the
subject loses its shimmering appearance, the subject is in focus.
3. Matte screen
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The area outside the microprism is the matte screen. When the
image loses its blurred appearance, the subject is in focus.
* When you use a small aperture (high aperture value) with a lens
such as a zoom lens, half of the split image becomes dark. In this
case, use the matte screen to focus.
20. REWINDING THE FILM
1. When the film has reached the end, it will automatically rewind
while the Exposure Counter counts down. (Fig. 38)
* When the film is completely rewound "E" is displayed in the Exposure
Counter. (Fig. 39)
2. While pressing the Back Cover Lock Release Button, slide the
Back Cover Latch down and open the back cover.
3. Remove the film.
* When you are in a quiet location and the noise produced during
film rewinding is disturbing, turn the Main Switch OFF and it will be
temporarily stopped. When the Main Switch is turned ON again,
the film will finish rewinding.
* If the Manual Rewind Button is pressed while the film is
rewinding, the film leader will not be rewound into the film cassette.
Rewinding halfway through the film
1. Turn the Main Switch ON.
2. Press the Manual Rewind Button. (Fig. 40)
* When removing the film, be careful not to touch the shutter with
your fingers or with the edge of the film.
* The shutter cannot be released when "E" is displayed in the LCD
Panel.
* It is sometimes possible to take more exposures than the number
indicated on the box of the film. These "extra" exposures may
come out overlapped or be cut off.
21. SELF-TIMER FUNCTION
1. After focusing, slip the viewfinder cap attached to the strap, over the
viewfinder eyepiece. (Fig. 41)
* The viewfinder cap is used to avoid incorrect exposure due to stray
light entering the viewfinder eyepiece.
Press the Self-timer Button. (Fig. 42)
When the Self-timer has been activated, the Self-timer indicator will
start flashing and approximately 10 seconds later, the shutter will be
released. The indicator remains lit for the last 2 seconds before the
shutter is released.
To cancel the Self-timer function after pressing the Self-timer Button,
press this button again or turn the Main Switch OFF.
* The Exposure Counter on the LCD Panel displays the number of
seconds remaining before the shutter is released. (Fig. 43)
* The "Bulb" function cannot be used with the Self-timer function.
* For combining the Continuous Shooting Mode, Multi Exposure Mode,
and Auto Bracketing Mode, refer to "Combining the Functions" on P.45.
22. SETTING THE MODES
With this camera, the shooting mode, shutter speed, exposure
metering, as well as many other functions can be
set using the 2 Mode Buttons and the Dial.
* You can combine the modes and set them. Refer to P.45
(Combining the Functions).
The settings are displayed in the LCD Panel. (From this point
onwards, the LCD Panel display will be referred to as the "Normal
Display".) (Fig. 44)
* When there is no display on the LCD Panel and the Main Switch
is ON, press the Shutter Button halfway and the display will
appear.

The modes cannot be set when this display is not showing.
1. Press the Mode Button (Mode 1 or Mode 2) of the mode you
wish to set. Press until the mode to be set is displayed. (Fig. 45)
For detailed information on setting a mode, refer to the
explanation of each mode.
When you remove your finger from the Mode Button, the LCD
Panel display will return to the "Normal Display" after
approximately 5 seconds.
2. Turn the Dial and set or adjust the value of the mode you have
selected. (Fig. 46)
3. Press the Shutter Button halfway to return the LCD Panel
display to the "Normal Display".
* Even if the Shutter Button is not pressed halfway, the "Normal
Display" will automatically be displayed after 5 seconds.
Mode Setting Displays
Each time you press a Mode Button, the modes will always appear in the same order.
However, when you press a Mode Button, the first mode displayed will be the last mode that
was displayed.
If the power is switched off, the next time it is switched on, the mode that was last displayed
will be the first to appear.
Select the mode and set with the Dial.
Mode 1 Button
This button is used to set the shutter speed and the Creative Modes.
Shutter Speed Mode
| A.OFF ~ Auto |
A.OFF (Auto OFF): Shutter Priority AE Mode/Manual Mode
Auto: Program AE Mode/Aperture Priority AE Mode
Exposure Metering Mode
I~~~1
Center-weighted average exposure metering/Spot meterIng
Continuous Shooting Mode |OFF=ON |
Red-eye Reduction Mode | OFF ~ ON |
* When Manual Mode is set, the exposure compensation display will not appear.
23. RESETTING THE MODES
By pressing the Reset Button, all the modes that were set will be
canceled.
1. Press the Reset Button (Fig. 47)
* When there is no display in the LCD Panel, press the Shutter
Button halfway and it will appear. The modes cannot be reset if this
display is not showing.
* When the Reset Button is pressed, settings will return to their
original settings as follows:
Shutter Speed:
Auto
Exposure Metering Modes:
Center Weighted Average Metering
Preview Mode:
On (pv)
Manual Film Speed:
No change
Other Modes:
OFF
Compensation Modes:
Compensation values are cancelled
* The modes may not be reset to their initial settings even if the Reset Button is pressed.
* This occurs when a Mode Button and Reset Button are pressed together.
* In this case, even if the Reset Button is pressed, the modes that were set will not be canceled. Also,
if a mode is set to OFF with the Mode Button and Dial, it will be reset to ON when the Reset Button is
pressed.
* To cancel a mode, keep the Reset Button pressed and use the Mode Button and Dial to set the
mode to OFF. * When pressing a Mode Button, be careful not to press the Reset Button at the same
time. For more information refer to P.54.
24. SHOOTING MODES
The 4 shooting modes are the Program AE Mode, Shutter Priority AE Mode, Aperture priority AE
Mode and Manual Mode.
Program AE Mode
The camera automatically selects the shutter speed and aperture according to the subject
illumination. This mode is ideal for general photography of people and scenery. You can also change
the shutter speed and the aperture setting combination in this mode (See "Program Shift" on P.27).
Shutter Priority AE Mode
You can select the shutter speed setting and the correct aperture will automatically be set.
You may wish to set a high shutter speed when, for example, shooting a still picture of a moving
subject. A slow shutter speed will emphasize the movement of a moving subject.
You may also wish to set a high shutter speed to avoid handshake when using a telephoto lens.
Aperture Priority AE Mode
You can select the aperture setting and the camera will automatically set the correct shutter speed.
The aperture priority function is ideal for increasing the depth-of-field. For example, in a portrait
photograph, you can use a wide aperture to create an out of focused background and emphasize the
subject, or in a landscape photo you can focus a wide area by setting a small aperture.
Manual Mode
You can freely select the shutter speed and aperture setting.
They can be set according to the subject and shooting conditions.
25. PROGRAM AE MODE
[MODE 1]
The Program AE Mode is set when the display is as shown in the
illustration, and the lens aperture is set to "P" (or "A"). By pressing
the Shutter Button halfway, the "P" mark will be displayed inside
the viewfinder. (Fig. 48)
1. Press the green Reset Button to set the shutter speed to AUTO.
OR
Press the MODE 1 Button until the AUTO or A.OFF display
appears. (Fig. 49).
If the display shows A.OFF, use the Dial to change it to AUTO by
turning right. (Fig. 50) Press the Shutter Button halfway and the
"Normal Display" will appear.2. Set the lens aperture to "P".
* This mode cannot be used with lenses unadjustable to Program
AE Photography (K Mount Lenses).
Program Graph
When the Program AE mode has been set, the camera
automatically sets the correct combination of shutter speed and
aperture, as shown in the graph.
* This graph will vary depending on the lens.
Lens: F1.4 - F22
Film Speed: ISO 100 (Fig. 51)
Program Shift
Even if the camera is set to Program AK, you can freely change the shutter speed and aperture
settings. The program shift allows you to change the combination of the shutter speed and aperture
without changing the exposure.
This function allows you to use functions similar to the Shutter priority AE and Aperture priority AE
without having to change from Program AE Mode.
Example of combinations that have the same exposure as when the aperture is set to F5.6 and
shutter speed is set to 1/125 seconds.
Aperture (F)
1.4
2
2.8
4
5.6
8
11
16
22
Shutter Speed
1/2000
1/1000
1/500
1/250
1/125
1/60
1/30
1/15
1/8
1. When the Program AE mode has been set, look through the
viewfinder and turn the Dial to set the shutter speed and aperture.
 When performing Program Shift, the "P" mark inside the
viewfinder will flash. (Fig. 52)
 If the viewfinder display has disappeared, press the Shutter
Button halfway to display it.
 Depending on the lens used, the shutter speed and aperture
settings may be limited.
 To cancel Program Shift, follow the procedure below. · Press the
Reset Button
 Turn the Dial until the "P" mark inside the viewfinder stops
flashing.
26. SHUTTER PRIORITY AE MODE
[MODE1 ]
The camera is set to Shutter Speed Priority Mode when the
display is as shown in the illustration (shutter speed is displayed)
and the lens aperture is set to "P" (or "A"). (Fig. 53, 54)
* If there is no display in the LCD Panel, press the Shutter
Button halfway and it will appear. The mode cannot set if
this display is not showing.
When "Auto" is displayed in the "Normal Display" in the LCD
Panel, follow the procedure below. If "Auto" is not displayed, follow
the procedure from step 4.
1. Press the MODE 1 Button until "Auto" appears. (Fig. 55)
2. Turn the Dial to the left to display "A.OFF". (Fig. 56)
3. Press the Shutter Button halfway to display the "Normal
Display".
4. Turn the Dial to set the shutter speed on the LCD Panel.
(Fig. 57)
5. Set the lens aperture ring to "P".
* This mode cannot be used with lenses unadjustable to Program
AE Mode (K Mount Lenses).
* In some lenses, the "P" mark will be shown as an "A".
6. Look through the viewfinder and make sure viewfinder display is
showing. (Fig. 58)
* The number on the left is the shutter speed, and the number on the
right is the aperture number.
* With this mode, the aperture is automatically set to match the shutter
speed setting and to allow correct exposure. However, correct
exposure cannot be achieved when the aperture cannot be set any
smaller for a high shutter speed setting, or when the aperture cannot
be set any wider for a slow shutter speed setting. In this case, the
camera will automatically set the shutter speed to allow correct
exposure. The shutter speed displayed in the viewfinder display will be
the actual shutter speed. This function is called automatic shift.
* When the viewfinder display is not showing, press the Shutter Button
halfway and it will appear.
* When the shutter speed is set to "bulb", the smallest aperture will be
set.
* In certain cases, a subject may still be underexposed even if the
slowest shutter speed is set. If this occurs, the underexposure mark
(down arrow) appears in the viewfinder. Use a flash or the Bulb
function to correct this situation. (Fig. 59)
Program graph
When the Shutter Priority AE Mode is set, the camera will
automatically set the aperture. The program shift will
occur depending on the shutter speed setting.
* When the Shutter Speed is set to "bulb", the smallest aperture
will be set and is therefore not set according
to the brightness of the subject.
When shutter speed is 1/250 (Fig. 60)
27. APERTURE PRIORITY AE MODE
[MODE 1]
The camera is set to the Aperture Priority AE Mode when the display
is as shown in the illustration, and the lens
aperture is set to "P" (or "A"). (Fig. 61, 62)
* If there is no display in the LCD Panel, press the Shutter Button
halfway and it will appear. The mode cannot be set when this display
is not showing.
When "Auto" is not displayed in the "Normal Display" in the LCD
Panel, follow the procedure below.
If "Auto" is displayed, follow the procedure from step 4.
1. Press the MODE 1 Button until "A.OFF" appears.
2. Turn the Dial to the right to display "Auto". (Fig. 63)
3. Press the Shutter Button halfway to display the "Normal Display".
4. Set the lens aperture value. (Fig. 64)
* If the aperture is set on "P", turn the aperture ring while pressing
on the "P" Lock Pin.
5. Look through the viewfinder and make sure the viewfinder
display is showing. (Fig. 65)
* Only the shutter speed will appear inside the viewfinder display.
* In certain cases, a subject may still be underexposed even
when the slowest shutter speed is set. If this occurs, the
underexposure mark (down arrow) appears in the viewfinder. Use
a flash or the Bulb function to correct this situation. (Fig. 66)
28. MANUAL MODE
[MODE1 ]
The Manual Mode has been set when the display is as shown in
the illustration (shutter speed number or "bulb"
is showing) and the lens aperture is not set on "P" (or "A"). (Fig.
67, 68)
* If there is no display in the LCD Panel, press the Shutter
Button halfway and it will appear. The mode cannot be set
when this display is not showing.
If "Auto" is displayed in the LCD Panel, follow the procedure
below. (Fig. 69)
If "Auto" is not displayed, follow the procedures from step 3.
1. Press the MODE 1 Button to display "Auto".
2. Turn the Dial to the left to display "A.OFF". (Fig. 70)
3. Press the Shutter Button halfway and set the shutter speed in
the LCD Panel to 125.
4. Turn the Dial to display the shutter speed you wish to set.
(Fig. 71)
5. Look through the viewfinder and adjust the aperture setting by
turning the aperture ring. To change the shutter speed, turn the
Dial. Inside the viewfinder, the exposure indicator will be displayed.
Look at the exposure indicator when setting the aperture and
shutter speed. When the dot (e) of the exposure indicator is under
the "0", the correct exposure has been set. (Fig. 72)
When it is underexposed, the under-exposed mark (up arrow) will
appear. When it is overexposed, the over-exposed mark (down
arrow) will appear.
For underexposed pictures, set a wider aperture (smaller number)
or slower shutter speed. For over exposed pictures, set a smaller
aperture (larger number) or higher shutter speed.
* If the viewfinder display is not showing, press the Shutter
Button Halfway and it will appear.
* If the lens aperture is set on ``P", turn the aperture ring
while pressing on the "P" Lock Pin .
* The exposure indicator also appears in the LCD Panel.
* Exposure compensation cannot be set in the Manual
Mode.
Bulb Function
If the shutter speed is set to "bulb" in the Manual Mode, the
shutter will remain open for as long as you keep the Shutter
Button pressed. This is called Bulb Photography. Bulb
Photography is used for shooting night scenes, or other images
with long exposure times.
1. Use the MODE 1 Button and the Dial to expose the
"A.OFF" display. (Fig. 73)
2. Press the Shutter Button halfway to display the "Normal
Display."
3. Turn the Dial until "bulb" is displayed. (Fig. 74)
* The "bulb" mark is also displayed in the viewfinder display.
4. Set the aperture.
* When the aperture is set on "P" the smallest aperture will be set.
5. Keep the Shutter Button pressed for as long as wish the shutter
to remain open. (Fig. 75)
[MIKE: this eats your batteries, bring spares if you intend to do a lot of
time exposures]
* If you remove your finger from the Shutter Button, the shutter will
close.
* The Exposure Counter on the LCD Panel will display the time (in
seconds) that the shutter has been open.
* To avoid camera shake, use a tripod and a release switch.
1. Locating the Controls pg4
2. Function Map pg. 4
pg.5
29. EXPOSURE METERING MODE
30. CONTINUOUS SHOOTING MODE
31. RED-EYE REDUCTION MODE
[PF]
32. MULTI EXPOSURE MODE
33. PREVIEW MODE
34. AUTO BRACKETING MODE
35. MANUAL FILM SPEED SETTING
MODE
36. EXPOSURE COMPENSATION
MODE
37. AE LOCK
29. EXPOSURE METERING MODE
This camera has 2 types of exposure metering systems:
Center-weighted average exposure metering and Spot metering
mode.
Choose the appropriate metering mode according to the situation
or subject you are shooting.
Center-weighted metering
This system measures the viewing area, emphasizing the center
portion.
This metering mode is ideal for general shooting and landscape
shooting. (Fig. 76)
Spot metering
This system only measures the central spot (inside the microprism
area).
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This mode is effective when there is a wide contrast between the
subject and the background, or when you wish to emphasize a
section of the subject (e.g. portrait shooting in backlit conditions,
subjects on stage etc.) (Fig. 77)
1. Press the MODE 1 Button until [blank square] or [square with dot
in center] appears. (Fig. 78)
2. Turn the Dial and set the exposure metering mode.
By turning to the right, the spot metering (I) will be set.
By turning to the left, the center-weighted metering (Up) will be set.
(Fig. 79)
Press the Shutter Button halfway to return to the "Normal Display".
30. CONTINUOUS SHOOTING MODE
[MODE 1]
The Continuous Shooting Mode has been set when the ~ mark
appears in the LCD Panel (Fig. 80).
Continuous shooting occurs for as long as you press the Shutter
Button. About two shots can be taken in one second. The number
of shots that can be taken also depends on the condition of the
batteries.
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1. Press the MODE 1 Button until [three squares] OFF appears.
(Fig. 81)
2. Turn the Dial to the left to display [three squares] ON. (Fig. 82)
3. Press the Shutter Button halfway to return to the "Normal
Display".
* To cancel the mode, press the RESET Button or follow
steps 1 and 2 above, reversing the [three squares] ON and
the [three squares] OFF displays.
* For combining this mode with other functions, refer to
"Combining the Functions" on P.45.
31. RED-EYE REDUCTION MODE [PF]
[MODE 1]
The Red-eye Reduction Mode is set when the Built-in Flash is
open and the <eye mark> mark is displayed as shown in the
illustration. (Fig. 83, 84)
To reduce the effect of red eyes in flash photography, the flash will
pre-flash several times before the shutter is released with the main
flash.
When this mode is used with other flash units, the Built-in Flash
will also pre-flash if it is open.
* When the Built-in Flash has not been opened, the AD
mark will not appear in the "Normal Display".
1. Pull up the Built-in Flash to open it. (Fig. 85)
2. Press the MODE 1 Button until " <ID OFF" appears. (Fig. 86)
3. Turn the Dial to the right, to display " <eye mark> ON". (Fig.
87)
* To cancel this mode, press the RESET Button or follow steps 1
and 2 above, reversing the " <eye mark> OFF" and " <eye mark>
ON".
4. Press the Shutter Button halfway to return to the "Normal
Display".
32. MULTI EXPOSURE MODE
[MODE 1]
The Multi Exposure Mode is set when the [dark double square]
mark is displayed. (Fig. 88)
In this mode, the film will not wind on when the shutter is
released, and the next shot will be taken on top the previous
shot.
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1. Press the MODE 1 Button until " [dark double square] OFF"
appears. (Fig. 89)
2. Turn the Dial to the right to display " [dark double square] ON".
(Fig. 90)
3. Press the Shutter Button halfway to return to the "Normal
Display".
4. Press the Shutter Button as many times as you want the frame
to be overlapped.
* The film will not wind on and the Exposure Counter number will
not change.
5. To cancel the Multi Exposure Mode, press the RESET Button
or turn the Main Switch OFF.
The Multi Exposure Mode will be canceled and the film will wind
on.
* To cancel the mode, follow steps 1 and 2 above reversing
" [dark double square] OFF" and "[dark double square]
ON".
* For combining this mode with other functions, refer to
"Combining the Function" on P.45.
* When developing the film, make sure you indicate that
you have used multi exposure photography. The multi
exposed negative may be mistaken for an error and may
not be printed.
33. PREVIEW MODE
[MODE 1]
Normally, the image seen through the viewfinder is an image with
the aperture open. The Preview Mode sets the actual aperture
you have selected allowing you to confirm the depth-of-field of the
image.
1. While looking through the viewfinder, press the
Preview/Exposure Compensation Button. (Fig. 91)
* The aperture will be set to the aperture opening you have
selected and you can confirm the areas that are focused.
* The viewfinder image will darken when the aperture is set.
Canceling and Setting the Preview Mode.
The Preview/Exposure Compensation Button is used for two Modes. When the Preview Mode has
been set, this button is used to view the preview. If the Preview Mode has been canceled, this button
can be used to set the exposure compensation.
Canceling the Preview Mode
1. Press the MODE 1 Button until "pv" appears. (Fig. 92)
* The Preview Mode is set when "pv" is displayed.
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* The Preview Mode is canceled when "OFF" is displayed.
2. Turn the Dial to the left to display "OFF". (Fig. 93)
Setting the Preview Mode
Follow steps 1 and 2 of "Canceling the Preview Mode", reversing
"pv" and "OFF". (Fig. 94)
For setting the exposure compensation with the Preview/
Exposure Compensation Button, refer to P.54.
34. AUTO BRACKETING MODE
[MODE 2]
When the shutter Button is pressed and held down, the camera will take 3
frames of an under-exposed, a correctly exposed, and an over-exposed
picture in the exposure range you have selected. You can also take these 3
frames one by one by pressing the shutter Button 3 times.
Auto Bracketing is especially effective when using a reversal film.
The exposure range can be set from -O.5EV to +4.0EV.
When exposure compensation is applied to this mode, the exposure range
will be based around the exposure compensation value selected.
For example: Exposure compensation is set to -1.0.
Exposure range is set to +/- O.5EV
Auto bracketing frames will be -1.5, -1.0, -0.5
Example when the exposure range is set to +/- 0.5 EV
1. Press the MODE 2 Button until " [three squares] " appear. (Fig. 95)
* The exposure range display and the exposure indicator are also
displayed.
2. Turn the Dial to set the exposure range. (Fig. 96)
* When the exposure range surpasses +/- 2EV, the exposure
indicator (DOT) will flash.
3. Press and hold down the Shutter Button.
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* 3 frames will be taken in the following order: under-exposed,
correctly exposed (+/- 0EV), over-exposed.
* If you remove you finger from the shutter Button before it has finished shooting the 3 frames, the
remaining frame number(s) (1 or 2) will flash in the Exposure Counter. By pressing the Shutter Button
again, the remaining frame(s) will be taken. [MIKE: you must shoot all three, only the middle exposure
will be according to the meter]
4. To cancel this mode, press the RESET Button [MIKE: everything is reset!] or follow the same
procedures for setting the mode, and set the exposure indicator to 0 (OFF). The mode will not be
canceled when the Main Switch is turned off.
* When this mode is set, the [three squares] mark flashes in the normal display.
* When the exposure compensation and the AE lock are combined, the exposure range of this
value will be set.
* This mode cannot be combined with the flash modes.
* If you turn the Main Switch OFF after taking 1 or 2 of the 3 frames, the next time you turn the
Main Switch ON, the Auto bracketing will be set to take 3 frames. [again]
For combining this mode with other functions, refer to "Combining the Functions" on P.45.
35. MANUAL FILM SPEED SETTING MODE
[MODE 21]
The Manual Film Speed Setting Mode is set when "ISO" is displayed, as
shown in the illustration. (Fig. 97)
The Manual Film Speed Setting has priority over the automatically read
film speed setting.
This mode is used to set the film speed of films without the OX code or
to set a different film speed than that indicated on a DX film.
1. Press the MODE 2 Button until "ISO" appears. (Fig. 98)
2. Use the Dial to display the film speed you wish to set. (Fig, 99)
* The exposure indicator displays the exposure difference of the
automatically read film speed setting and the manually set film
speed setting.
* When the exposure indicator (DOT) exceeds 2 EV, it will flash.
* The film speed you have selected will be displayed for about 2
seconds when the Main Switch is turned on.
To cancel the mode, follow the same procedure as setting the mode, but set the exposure indicator to
0.
36. EXPOSURE COMPENSATION MODE
[MODE 2]
In AE Photography, when there is an excessive contrast between the subject and the background,
the subject may be under (dark) or over (light) exposed. When this occurs, and when you cannot
bring the camera close to the subject, the Exposure Compensation Mode can be used. (Use the AE
Lock when you can bring the camera close to the subject. See P. 42.)
Also, an image may come out gray when white or black is dominant. The light and dark colors of your
picture can be shot correctly by using this mode.
You can also set this mode to shoot photos intentionally under exposed or overexposed.
Exposure compensation can be set up +/- 4.0 EV in 0.5 EV increments.
Shooting in Backlit Conditions
In backlit conditions the subject will be underexposed because of a very
bright background.
In this case, set the exposure compensation to a + value.
Dominantly white subject
If a dominantly white subject is photographed, it will be underexposed
and appear dark. In addition, white areas will come out gray. Set the
exposure compensation to a plus (+) value.
Dominantly dark-colored subjects
If a dominantly dark-colored subject is shot, the whole image will be
overexposed, making the subject light (white) and dark-colored areas
will come out gray. Set the exposure compensation to a minus ( - )
value.
* When the exposure indicator is displayed as shown in the
illustration, the exposure compensation has been set. The
exposure indicator displays the exposure compensation value set.
(Fig. 100)
Press the Shutter Button halfway to display the exposure indicator in the
viewfinder display.
* Exposure Compensation can be set in 2 ways:
1. With the Exposure Compensation Mode.
2. With the Preview/Exposure Compensation Button.
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Setting the Exposure Compensation with the Exposure Compensation
Mode
Set the exposure compensation with the Exposure Compensation Mode
when you wish to use the Preview/Exposure Compensation Button for
the Exposure Compensation Mode. (Fig. 101)
1. Press the MODE 2 Button until the exposure compensation value
display and the exposure indicator are displayed. (Fig. 102)
* The exposure indicator also appears flashing in the viewfinder.
This allows you to set the exposure compensation while looking
through the viewfinder.
* If you do not make any changes within 5 seconds of pressing the Mode
Button, the LCD Panel will return to the "Normal Display" and the
Exposure indicator in the viewfinder display will also disappear.
2. Turn the Dial to set the exposure compensation value. (Fig. 103)
* The dot (DOT) of the exposure indicator will flash when it surpasses +2 or -2.
3. Press the Shutter Button halfway to return to the "Normal Display".
4. To cancel exposure compensation, cancel the Exposure Compensation Mode or press the Reset
Button.
* To cancel this mode, follow the same procedure as setting the mode, but change the exposure
compensation value in
* When you have finished shooting with the Exposure Compensation mode, be sure to return the
exposure compensation value to +/- 0.
Setting the Exposure Compensation with the Preview/Exposure Compensation Button.
The Preview Mode must be canceled to be able to set the exposure
compensation with the Preview/Exposure Compensation Button.
See "Canceling and Setting the Preview Mode" on P.37.
1. Press the Preview/Exposure Compensation Button and turn the Dial to
set the exposure compensation value. (Fig. 104,105)
* Exposure compensation cannot be combined with the Manual Mode.
See "Combining the Functions" on P. 45.
37. AE LOCK
The AE Lock function can be used to set exposure compensation in AE
Modes (see "Exposure Compensation
Mode" on P.39), or when it is possible to approach the subject, to produce
correct exposure of the subject.
* When the subject cannot be approached, AE Lock will be more
effective when the Exposure Metering Mode is set to Spot
metering.
1. Bring the camera close to the subject to the point where exposure is
not affected by the background. (Fig. 106)
* If there is no display in the LCD Panel, press the Shutter Button
halfway and it will appear. The mode cannot be set when this
display is not showing.
2. Press the AE Lock Button. (Fig. 107)
· The exposure value will be locked. · The "AEL" mark will flash in the viewfinder.
3. Compose your picture and press the Shutter Button to shoot.
* The photo will be taken with the locked exposure value. When the photo has been taken, the
AE Lock will be canceled and the AE Lock mark (AEL) will disappear.
* To cancel AE Lock before releasing the shutter, press the AE Lock Button again or turn the
Main Switch OFF.
* If the AE Lock Button is kept pressed while shooting, It is possible to shoot again with the
locked exposure
38. FLASH COMPENSATION 40. FLASH MODES
42. COMBINING THE
41. OTHER
BUILT-IN FLASH AND THE
FLASH UNITES
RICOH TTL FLASH
43. CHANGING THE RESET
SETTINGS
44. CHANGING THE FUNCTION OF THE
45. INFRARED
PREVIEW/EXPOSURE
FILM
COMPENSATION BUTTON
47. INTERCHANGEABLE
VIEWFINDER SCREENS
48. RELEASE SWITCH
51. PROPER CARE OF
YOUR CAMERA
Major Specifications
49. CARE OF
BATTERIES
46. DIOPTRIC LENSES
50. DATA BACK 3
38. FLASH COMPENSATION
[MODE 2]
Depending on the subject or the special effects you wish to achieve, the amount of light emitted by
the flash can be adjusted. This mode can be used to create a correct balance between flash light and
natural light, or to create special effects by producing light or dark photos with flash photography.
The light emitted by the Built-in Flash, the Ricoh Speedlite 303P or any other Ricoh TTL type flash
can be adjusted with this mode. It can be adjusted up to i2.0 EV in 0.5 EV increments.

Dominantly white or backlit picture
If the picture is dominantly white, or is in a backlit condition, the main
subject may be underexposed. In this case, set the flash compensation
to a plus (+) value. Adjust the flash compensation to a plus (+) value.
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
Distant or dominantly dark-colored picture
When the main subject is comparatively small and the background is
distant, or when the picture is dominantly dark-colored, the subject may
be overexposed. In this case, set the flash compensation to a minus ( - )
value.
Adjust the flash compensation to a minus ( - ) value.
The Flash Compensation Mode is set when "lightning bolt and +/_" is
displayed as shown in the illustration. (Fig. 108)
1. Press the MODE 2 Button until "lightning bolt and +/_" appears. (Fig.
109)
* The flash compensation value display and the exposure indicator
are both displayed.
* If the settings are not changed within 5 seconds of pressing the
Mode Button, the LCD Panel display will return to the "Normal
Display".
2. Turn the Dial and set the flash compensation value. (Fig, 110)
3. Press the shutter Button halfway to return to the "Normal Display".
4. To cancel the Flash Compensation Mode press the RESET Button or
follow the procedures for seeing the mode and set the flash
compensation value to +0. (Fig. 111)
39.COMBINING THE FUNCTIONS
Possible combinations with the Continuous Shooting Mode, Multi Exposure Mode and Auto
Bracketing Mode.
Combination
Function when modes are combined
Continuous Shooting Mode
+
Multi Exposure Mode
Multi exposure with continuous shooting when the Shutter Button is
pressed and held down.
Continuous Shooting Mode
+
Auto Bracketing Exposure
Mode
Auto Bracketing Exposure Mode.
Multi Exposure Mode
+
Auto Bracketing Exposure
Mode
3 times exposure of Auto Bracketing Exposure on the same frame.
Continuous Shooting Mode
+
Multi Exposure Mode
+
Auto Bracketing Exposure
Mode
3 times exposure of Auto Bracketing Exposure on the same frame.
Combinations with the Flash Photography.
Combination
Function when modes are combined
Auto Bracketing Exposure Mode
+
Bulb Mode
Bulb Photography (Auto Bracketing Exposure Mode
cannot be used.)
Self-timer Mode
+
Bulb Mode
The Self-timer will not start.
Combinations with the Self-timer Mode
Combination
Function when modes are combined
Continuous Shooting Mode
2 continuous frames will be taken with the
+
Self-timer.
Self-timer Mode
Multi Exposure Mode
+
Self-timer Mode
After Self timer Photography, the film will not be wound on.
Auto Bracketing Exposure
Mode
Self-timer Photography with Auto Bracketing Exposure Photography (3
+
continuous frames)
Self-timer Mode
Continuous Shooting Mode
+
Self-timer Mode
Self-timer Photography with Auto Bracketing Exposure Photography (3
+
continuous frames)
Auto Bracketing Exposure
Mode
Continuous Shooting Mode
+
After one frame is taken with the Self-timer, the film
Self-timer Mode
will not wind on. (Continuous Shooting Mode will not function.)
+
Multi Exposure Mode
Other Combinations
Combination
Function when modes are combined
Exposure Compensation
+
Manual Photography Mode
You cannot combine these modes.
Auto Bracketing Exposure Mode
+
Flash Photography
The Auto Bracketing Exposure Mode will not function.
40. FLASH MODES
The following Modes can be achieved using the Built-in Flash.
1. Program Auto Flash Mode
This mode is normally used when shooting. By just opening the Built-in Flash, the shutter speed and
aperture will automatically be set. The aperture setting can be changed with the Program Shift Mode.
2. Daylight Synchro Mode
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Even in daylight, the flash can be used to automatically create a good balance between natural light
and flash light. The flash light ratio is 1:4.
Red-eye Reduction Mode
The pre-flash of this mode makes it possible to minimize the red-eye effect of the subject that
sometimes occurs when using flash photography in dark places.
4. Slow Synchro Mode (Shutter Priority Flash Mode)
The background in a photo often comes out dark because of the distance limit of the flash light. By
setting a slow shutter speed you can create a good balance between the subject and the background
with flash photography.
5. Aperture Priority Auto Flash Mode
For flash photography with a good depth-of field (portraits etc.) you can freely select the aperture
setting. The shutter speed will be automatically set. However, if a small aperture is set, the flash light
distance will be reduced.
6. Flash Compensation Mode
The amount of light emitted by the flash can be regulated or normal photography or special effects. It
car be adjusted up to REV.
Major Specifications of the Built-in Flash
TTL Flash System
G. No. 11 (ISO 100/m)
Distance Range
At F2.8 Approx. 4m /lS0 100
Image Angle Coverage
28 mm
However, the flash light may cause vignetting around the edges of the picture, depending on the size
and length of the lens, and when the shooting distance is short.
The border of the image may become dark depending on the characteristics of the lens and the
aperture value.
Uses the TTL (Through The Lens) Flash System
With the sensor of the Built-in Flash, the light reflected from the subject is measured and the light
emitted from the flash is controlled.
Uses the Advanced Thyristor Flash System (IGBT)
When the distance to the subject is short, only a small amount of flash light is emitted, making the
recharging time short.
The value of the aperture automatically changes depending on the film speed.
However, if the maximum aperture (F) value of the lens is darker than the set F value, it will be set to
this value.
ISO 100: F2.8
ISO 200: F4.0
ISO 400: F5.6
ISO 800: F8.0
The highest shutter speed in flash photography is 1/100 seconds.
If the Shutter speed is set above 1/100 ( 1/125 sec., 1/500 sec. for example), the shutter will
automatically be released at 1/100 seconds.
Flash Marks
[lightning bolt] :On: Charged
[lightning bolt] :Quick flashing: Correct Strobe Exposure
[lightning bolt]: Slow flashing: Indicates that the flashes are charged, when using both the Built-in
Flash and an external flash.
[Sun + lightning bolt] :Synchro Mark Lights during daylight synchro and slow synchro.
Film speed
ISO 25
ISO 200
ISO 400
F2.0
2.3 - 12 FT
4.6 - 25 FT
6.6 - 36 FT
F2.8
1.6 - 6.6 FT
3.3 - 18 FT
4.6 - 25 FT
F4.0
1.6 - 4.6 FT
2.3 - 12 FT
3.3 - 18 FT
F5.6
1.6 - 3.3 FT
1.6 - 9.2 FT
2.3 - 12.8
F8.0
1.6 - 2.3 FT
1.6 - 6.6 FT
1.6 - 9.2 FT
F11
1.6 FT
1.6 - 4.6 FT
1.6 - 6.6
F16
1.6 - 3.3 FT
1.6 - 4.6 FT
F22
1.6 - 2.3 FT
1.6 - 3.3 FT
* Daylight Synchro
with long distance, it becomes 2x normal flash photography.
Working out the flash distance range (Long distance flash range)
Flash distance range (m)=Guide Number (G. No.)* DIVIDED BY Aperture (F)
* With ISO 100, G. No. =11
1. Program Auto Flash Mode
This mode is used in normal shooting.
1. Set the camera and lens to the Program AE Mode (Fig.112, 113)
2. Open the Built-in Flash by pulling upwards on the sides of the flash.
(Fig. 114)
3. Check to see if the displays in the LCD Panel and inside the
viewfinder are displayed. (Fig. 115)
* The display inside the viewfinder shows the shutter speed (set at
1/100 sec.) as well as the aperture value.
4. Focus and release the shutter.
5. The flash mark will blink if the subject has been sufficiently lit by the flash.
* If the flash mark does not blink, change the shooting condition (make the distance shorter,
change the aperture value with the Dial) before shooting.
* The distance range of the flash will vary depending on the film speed and the aperture
setting. See the table on page 48. (4m for ISO 100 film with aperture set at F2.8)
6. The flash mark ( d' ) will not appear when the flash is charging. When repeating flash photography,
make sure the flash mark is lit to show that the flash has fully charged. (Fig. 116)
6. The flash mark ( d' ) will not appear when the flash is charging. When
repeating flash photography, make sure the flash mark is lit to show that
the flash has fully charged. (Fig. 116)
* If the shutter is released before the flash has recycled, the photo will be taken in normal
Program AE Mode without the flash.
* A slow shutter speed is often set and the camera may shake.
* With the program shift, you can freely set the aperture value by turning the Dial.
* When the flash is used in bright light conditions, [SUN and lightning bolt] will appear in the
viewfinder to indicate that it has automatically been set to the Daylight Synchro Mode or the
Slow Synchro Mode. In this case, to obtain a good light balance, the aperture may
automatically be set to a smaller aperture.
2.Daylight Synchro Mode
When taking pictures in backlit conditions, the subject is affected by
strong background light and dark (underexposed) subjects may result.
Natural lit photographs can easily be obtained by using the Built-in Flash
even in daylight. This mode also enhances portrait photographs.
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1. Make sure the shooting mode is set to Program AK. (Fig. 117, 118)
2. Open the Built-in Flash.
3. Make sure the LCD Panel, the display inside the viewfinder, the
daylight synchro mark (SUN and lightning bolt) as well as the aperture
and shutter speed displays are showing. (Fig. 119)
4. Release the shutter
5. To shoot again, make sure the Load (lightning bolt) mark is on before
releasing the shutter. (Fig. 120)
* The aperture will automatically be set according to the amount of light. If the conditions are bright,
the aperture setting will be small (large number) and the distance range of the flash will consequently
be short. (See the table on P.48)
* The flash light ratio is programmed to 1:4. Therefore, the flash will not be as strong, creating
a natural lit photograph.
* When an ISO 100 film is loaded and the aperture is set at F5.6, the distance range of the
flash is 4m. This may vary depending on the type of film, the aperture value and the lightning
conditions. Refer to the chart (table/ graph) on P.48.
* When an external flash is installed and used with the Daylight Synchro Mode, the light
emitted will be half of that emitted in normal flash photography.
* When shooting evening or dark images, or when the aperture is set to a small aperture, the
daylight Synchro flash will not be effective and normal flash photography will occur, producing
a dark background. In this case, the daylight Synchro mark (AS) will disappear.
* When you wish to shoot a well lit background, set the shutter speed to a slow setting and
change the mode to the Slow Synchro Mode.
3.Red-eye Reduction Mode
Refer to page 35.
4. Slow Synchro Mode (Shutter Priority Flash Mode)
In normal flash photography the background comes out dark. This mode allows you to obtain a good
light balance between the subject and the background.
If you set the shutter speed to a seeing below 1/90 sec. (1/2 sec. for
example), the actual shutter speed will automatically be set by the
camera to a seeing between 1/2 sec. to 1/100 sec. depending on the
brightness of the subject and the background. The shutter will be
released at this speed when the picture is taken.
We recommend you use this mode when shooting indoors and evening
or night scenes.
1. Set the shutter speed to a seeing under 1/90 sec. (Fig. 121)
2. Set the lens aperture on "P". (Fig. 122)
3. Check the actual shutter speed in the display inside the viewfinder.
(Fig. 123)
4. Release the shutter.
* If the shutter speed is set to "bulb", the flash will fire during the bulb
shooting.
5. Aperture Priority Auto Flash Mode
You can freely set the aperture value and shoot with the flash.
1. Set the aperture value on the Aperture Ring. Set the Shutter Speed Mode to Auto and set
the Aperture Priority Mode.
2. Open the Built-in Flash.
3. Check that the [lightning] Mark is lit inside the viewfinder.
4. Release the shutter.
* If a small aperture value is set, the flash distance will decrease. (Refer to the table on P.48.)
6. Flash Compensation Mode
Refer to page 43.
41. OTHER FLASH UNITES
Basic operations are the same as for the Built-in Flash. Refer to each mode for operating the Built-in
Flash. Refer to the instruction manual of other flash units.
* Generally, set the flash unit to the "TTL" position. The shutter speed will automatically be set
to 1/100 sec. and the aperture to F5.6. However, with the Daylight Synchro Mode, the aperture
value will change depending on the brightness of the subject.
1. Take note of the following when using Ricoh flash units (SL-303P) set to non-TTL automatic
flash mode.
* The camera's aperture will not be automatically set. Be sure to change the Program AE Mode
to Aperture Priority Mode or Manual Mode, and set the aperture value according to the
specified flash value.
* The blinking correct auto flash indicator mark (lightning bolt) only functions with the TTL.
Even if the mark flashes, it is not relevant here.
2. Note the following points when performing flash photography with the Ricoh SL 323 or other
grip type with flash synchro terminal.
* The shutter speed and aperture value will not be automatically set because there is no
special signal contact for the flash. Therefore, set the shutter speed and aperture value as
explained in the instruction manual before using.
* Do not use the synchro terminal together with the Hot Shoe.
3. Do not use another maker's signal pin on the flash as this can cause trouble with the
exposure, or damage the circuits of the camera.
* When using any other flash than a Ricoh product and inserting it into the hot shoe, please do
not touch the synchro contact. If you touch the synchro contact, you may be subjected to a
shock.
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42. COMBINING THE BUILT-IN FLASH AND THE RICOH TTL FLASH
Note the following points when using the Built-in Flash and an external flash.
1. The Built-in Flash does not flash if the light emitted by the external flash.
2. When the Red-eye Reduction Mode is set, the Built-in Flash will pre-flash followed by the
flash of the external flash. When the flash range is not sufficient with just the external flash, the
flashing mark (lightning bolt ) will not appear and the Built-in Flash will flash with the external
flash. However in this case, it is necessary to set the shutter speed from "Auto" to Manual
(shutter Priority Mode, Manual Exposure Mode) and set the value to less that 1/50 sec.
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3. The flash mark (lightning bolt ) will flash inside the viewfinder when the Built-in Flash and the
external flash are charged. (It will be lit when only one of the flashes is charged.
43. CHANGING THE RESET SETTINGS
It is possible to change the initial settings of the Reset Button. These can
be set according to your needs.
* The Manual Film Speed Setting will not change when the Reset Button
is pressed.
1. Press and hold down the Reset Button. Then press the appropriate
Mode Button of the mode to be set. (Fig. 124)

* Keep the Reset Button pressed.
2. While pressing the Reset Button, turn the dial to set or adjust the value
of the mode to be changed. (Fig. 125)
3. Release the Reset Button
 * To set the modes to their initial settings, repeat this procedure
and cancel all the modes.
44. CHANGING THE FUNCTION OF THE PREVIEW/EXPOSURE COMPENSATION BUTTON
The Preview/Compensation Button can also be used to instantly recall
the mode you most frequently use.
1. Press the appropriate Mode Button to display the mode to be
set. Do not release the Mode Button. (Fig. 126)
2. While keeping the Mode Button pressed, press and hold down
the other Mode Button, and then the Preview/ Exposure
Compensation Button. (Fig. 127)
* Be sure to press the buttons in this order.
* To recall the set mode, be sure to turn the Preview Mode OFF.
* The exposure compensation function is replaced with the set mode. Therefore, to set the exposure
compensation, use Mode Button 2.
45. INFRARED FILM
Shooting with an Infrared film
Always re-adjust your focus to the infrared focusing mark when using infrared films and infrared
filters. This is necessary because the infrared rays have longer wave lengths than the visible light
rays you see and focus with, and the camera lens focuses them slightly further back inside the
camera. Therefore visual focusing cannot be accurate without some compensation.
1. Attach the infrared filter and focus on the subject. Read the
indicated distance off the lens barrel.
(Fig. 1 28)
2. Shift that distance setting over to the red infrared index mark.
Set the exposure in accordance with the operating instructions
for the film. (Fig. 129)
46. DIOPTRIC LENSES
The viewfinder eyepiece has a built-in -1 correction (suitable for most normal vision).
If a dioptric lens is fitted, you do not have to wear eyeglasses when taking pictures. Slip the lens in
the groove in the finder eyepiece.
Dioptric lenses are available in 7 types:
-4, - 3, - 2, - 1, +1, +2 and +3 (Diopters)
Note: Some forms of astigmatism etc. may make dioptric eyepiece correction impossible.
Please check with your vision specialist for a recommendation based on your prescription.
47. INTERCHANGEABLE VIEWFINDER SCREENS
Ricoh offers a choice of 3 viewfinder screens to suit your needs or taste. Each features Ricoh's AcuBright mat for optimum brightness and easier focusing in dim light.
Horizontal split type screen (MH type)
This screen is normally installed. Recommended for general shooting.
(Fig. 130)
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Lined matte type screen (MS type)
A matte screen with horizontal and vertical lines. This screen facilitates
composition of your photograph.
(Fig. 131)
All Matte type screen (MB type)
For general shooting and close-up photography. Also recommended
when focusing is difficult with a split image. (Fig. 132)
48. RELEASE SWITCH
By using the separately sold Release Switch, the shutter can be released from a distance.
1. Turn the Main Switch OFF.
* The shutter may release if the release cable is connected to the camera when the power is
on.
2. Connect the Release Switch to the Release Socket of the camera.
3. Turn the Main Switch ON.
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4. Press the Release Switch to shoot.
49. CARE OF BATTERIES
1. This camera is equipped with highly accurate electronic parts. To insure best performance, use
high quality alkaline batteries.
2. The capacity of the batteries depends on the brand and type of batteries.
3. Before installing, be sure to clean all moisture and skin oil off all battery contact surfaces in order to
avoid future problems of corrosion and poor electrical contact. Remove batteries when the camera is
not used for a long period of time.
4. Removal of the battery case may result in a loss of camera memory. The film may also advance
two or three frames when the batteries are replaced.
* Dispose of batteries properly. Do not throw them into fire or expose to high temperature.
CARE OF FILM
* When loading the film in a very cold place, the film leader may become stiff and break off. In
this case heat the film leader with your hands before loading the film.
* Use up a loaded film as quickly as possible and have it developed as soon as it is removed.
Leaving a film loaded inside the camera for a long time will deteriorate the color etc.
50. DATA BACK 3
Nomenclature of the date imprinting feature (Fig. 133)
(1) Display Panel
(2) Mode Selector Button
(3) Year/Hour Adjust Button
(4) Month Adjust Button
(5) Day/Minute Adjust Button
Attaching the Data Back 3
( 1 ) Open the Back Cover and push down the release pin on the back
cover. The cover will come off. (Fig. 134)
(2) Attach the Data Back 3 to the camera while pushing down the
release pin on the Data Back 3.
(Fig. 135) * When detaching the Data Back 3. follow the same procedure
as in (1).
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Imprinting Mode (Fig. 136)
Examples of date imprinting
1) August 30, 1990
2) 15:59 (Time)
3) No imprinting
The date imprinting mode can be divided into 3 types; year/month/day, hour/minute, and no imprinting
Selecting imprinting mode (Fig. 137)
Each time the Mode Selector Button is pressed, the display changes as
shown below.
1) Date (Year/month/day)
2) Time (Hour/minute)
3) No imprinting
Checking imprinting (Fig. 138)
After shooting, the word "PRINT" appears in the Display Panel to confirm correct imprinting.
"PRINT" is not imprinted on the picture.
Resetting the date and time
(1 ) Press the Mode Selector Button to show the mode to be changed.
(Fig. 139)
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(2) Press each Adjust Button until the desired digit is displayed. Digits
can be changed fast by keeping the button pressed. (Fig. 140)
Accurately setting seconds
(1 ) Press the Mode Selector Button for Time display mode. (Fig. 141)
(2) Press the Month Adjust Button according to the radio or telephone
time signal. The time count starts from 0 seconds, and the minutes will
not change when it is 0 to 29 seconds. At 30 to 59 seconds the minutes
will move up. (Fig. 142)
* It is recommended that the minute digits be adjusted after adjusting the
seconds digits.
Battery Replacement
(1 ) Open the Back Cover. (Fig. 143)
(2) Remove the screws from the Date Battery Compartment Cover with a
small (+) screwdriver. (Fig. 144)
(3) Remove the Battery Compartment Cover holding the roller section.
(Fig. 145)
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(4) Remove the battery. (Fig. 146)
(5) Load the new battery with the side marked (+) facing upwards. Then,
close the Battery Compartment
Cover using the (+) screwdriver. (Use lithium battery CR2025. The life is
about 3 years.)
* When the battery is exhausted, the imprinted digits become faint or the
display panel flashes. At that time, replace the bakery.
* Do not open the Date Battery Compartment Cover except when
replacing the battery.
* Keep the battery out of reach of children. If a child swallows the
battery, contact your doctor immediately.
Notes on date imprinting feature
* In a place at a temperature of below 0°C (32°F), the battery performance deteriorates. The
date imprinting feature may not function correctly and imprinting may become impossible.
* When the battery is replaced, the display panel sometimes shows wrong digits. Reset the
digits for correct indication.
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* The date is sometimes illegible if it is imprinted on the following objects.
(1 ) Objects whose color is warm, such as red, yellow, orange, etc.
(2) Objects whose composition is the same as the size of the imprinted date (gravel, dense
leaves, etc.)
(3) 0bjects whose luminance is too high (sky, white wall, etc.)
* Imprinting is not possible in the following modes.
(1 ) Print off mode.
51. PROPER CARE OF YOUR CAMERA
1. Do not touch lens or mirror surfaces with your fingers when cleaning them. Blow dust away
with a blower or wipe gently with soft cloth. If you must clean the lens surface use only 1 drop
of lens cleaning fluid on a camera lens tissue.
2. Excessive shock, humidity or salt may cause camera malfunction. When you use the
camera at the beach, in a corrosive atmosphere, or in a place where chemicals are used,
carefully wipe it clean.
3. Do not expose camera and film to extreme temperature.
4. Do not leave your camera in a car at the beach, in the desert, or in other high temperature
conditions to prevent possible damage.
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5. When using a tripod, do not try to force a long screw into the socket. (The screw length
should not extend more than 5.7 mm (1/4~).)
6. Store camera in a humidity and dust free place.
7. This camera is not waterproof. If it comes into contact with any kind of liquid (water, rain,
drink etc.), the electrical and metal parts will rust and cause damage to the camera. Contact a
Ricoh camera service center if your camera has been exposed to any liquid.
Major Specifications
Type:
35mm programmed SLR camera with focal plane shutter, Automatic exposure and Manual exposure
control
Mount:
Ricoh system R-K mount
Shutter:
Electrically controlled, vertically moving focal plane shutter;
Automatic - 1/3000 sec.- 32 sec.
Manual - 1/2000 sec.- 16 sec.,
Bulb
Exposure. Coupling rang.
EV 0-18 (ISO 100 with standard F1.4 lens)
Photographic modes
Programmed automatic exposure mode with program shift Aperture-priority automatic exposure mode
Shutter priority automatic exposure mode Manual exposure mode
Self-timer:
Electronically operated 10 sec. delay with LED indicator
Viewfinder:
Field of view 91% horizontally and vertically Magnification 0.80X (with 50mm standard lens)
Finder display:
AE lock, Exposure compensation indicator, Flash ready mark, Fill-in flash, Exposure metering modes,
Under exposure mark, Program mode mark, Over exposure mark, Flash correct indicator, F-stop
number, shutter speed
Focusing screen:
Interchangeable type, Horizontal split-image spot in microprism band surrounded by matt
Exp. metering system
Two selectable TTL full open metering systems
1. Center weighted average metering
2. Spot metering
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Built-in flash:
GN. 11 (Flash unit pops up)
Flash modes:
Fully Automatic TTL metering with built-in flash and speed light 403P, 303P
1. Program flash AE
2. Aperture priority flash AE
3. shutter Priority flash (Slow Sync. Flash) AE
4. Manual flash
(Red Eye Reduction, Flash Compensation)
(Automatic fill flash with 1:4 ratio, 1:2 with external flash)
Synchro speed:
1/100 sec.
Exp. compensation:
+4 EV
Flash Contact:
Hot shoe and synchro terminal
Film loading:
Ricoh Auto-load system, automatic 1st frame setting
Film advance:
Automatic with a built-in motor, two selectable modes;
S (single) and C (continuous, approx. 2 frames/sec)
Film rewind:
Automatic rewind at the end of film, manual rewind possible,
Film leader can be left unretracted
ISO seeing:
ISO 25 - 5000/DX 12-6400 Manual (Manual override possible)
Program preview button
Electronic program preview button
Remote control:
Remote control socket
Automatic Bracket Mod
+/- 0.5 EV -14 EV adjustable
Back cover:
Removal (Databack 3 for date imprinting)
LCD display:
Exposure counter, ISO, Red Eye Reduction Mark, Flash compensation mark, Battery indicator,
Exposure compensation mark, Multi-exposure mark, +2 EV Value indicator, Continuous shooting
mark, Shutter speed, Spot/Average metering mark,
Creative mode button 1
1) Auto/Manual Shutter
2) Spot/Average metering
3) Discontinuous shooting
4) Red eye reduction
5) Multi-Exposure
6) Preview/Exposure Comp.
Creative mode button 2
1) Manual ISO setting
2) exposure compensation
3) Flash compensation
4) Auto bracket exp.
Reset button:
Reset to initial mode setting
Power source:
Four alkaline batteries
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Dimensions:
Approx. 151 x 107.5 x 62 mm/5.9 X 4.2 X 2.4 inches (WxHxD)
Mass/Weight:
Approx. 550 grs/19.4 oz.
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