Quick Reference Guide

Quick Reference Guide
Quick Reference Guide
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Table of Contents
History...………………………………page 2
English………………………………..page 5
Math…………………………………..page 7
Science………………………………..page 9
Electives……………………………...page 11
Testing………………………………..page 22
Advance Placement…………………..page 23
Career Technical Edication (CTE) ..…page 26
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History/Geography 300 (10 Units) Communities- mining: iron ore, drilling for petroleum, gold, silver,
and copper, farming, fishing, cattle ranching, dairy farming, manufacturing: automobiles, cereal, furniture,
chemicals, technology, space
History/Geography 400 (10 Units) Surface of the earth, space exploration, seaport cities: Sydney, Hong
Kong, China, life in the desert, deserts of the Southern Hemisphere, modern ways of life, grasslands,
tropical rainforests, polar regions, mountain countries, North America
History/Geography 500 (10 Units) History from the Vikings to early settlers to developing into a world
power, relations to Canada and South America
History/Geography 600 (10 Units) Development of all continents and history of the world
World Civilizations 700 (10 Units) Religions and politics as well as history of development to the
present ; relations between countries
History/Geography 800 (10 Units) Colonies and evolution of our country. Includes detailed accounts and
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World History (13 Units) Importance of history, early hominid development, agriculture
communities, Early River Valley civilizations, Portuguese influence, leaders of the Protestant
Reformation, Gupta Empire, Byzantine Empire, Bantu migration, Latin American independence
movements, French Revolution, Revolutions of 1848, Industrial Revolution, social class, child labor,
Chinese & British positions on opium trade, WWII, components of the United Nations governing body,
culture and technology, tracing population growth, causes and affects of revolutions, emergence of
capitalism, Nation States-globalization and immigration
Government (6 Units) Aquinas, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Marx, Milton, Greek and Roman government,
Feudalism, Fascism Nazism, US constitution, Bill of Rights, executive, judicial, legislative branches,
Bills - passing, judicial, legislative branches, political parties and getting involved
Economics (6 Units) Strong foundation in basic economic principles. Topics covered include; scarcity,
economic roles of individuals, factors affecting supply and demand, different market structures, market
regulation, and the macroeconomy.
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US History-Reconstruction to Present (13 Units) Compromise prior to the Civil War, Republican
Party, Abraham Lincoln, First Battle of Bull Run, Bloody Shiloh, Ulysses Grant, Emancipation
Proclamation, Gettysburg Address, Horace Greeley, Military Prison life during the Civil War, economic
changes to north and south, reconstruction, President Johnson, Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth
Amendment, equality, class, gender and religion, Industrial Revolution, Immigration, Populist
Movement, Panic of 1893, Spanish-American War, Theodore Roosevelt, The Red Scare, Harlem
Renaissance, Flappers, Henry Ford, consumerism, economic conditions prior to Great Depression, Black
Thursday, Rise of Nationalism, Adolf Hitler, Franklin Roosevelt, Harry Truman, The Cold War, The
Korean Conflict, Post World War II America, John Kennedy, Johnson Years, Vietnam, Civil Rights
movement, Women’s rights, Martin Luther King, Watergate, Nixon, Clinton Presidency, Domestic
Issues, September 11-2001, Immigration, Obama Presidency
U.S. History: Foundations to Present (13 Units) Formerly American History - Crusades, Middle
Ages, The Renaissance, Johann Gutenberg, Jamestown, John Rolfe, Martin Luther, George
Washington, the first political parties, Revolution of 1800, President James Monroe, Eli Whitney’s
cotton gin, sectionalism, Manifest Destiny, Missouri Compromise, slavery, politics of slavery, Abraham
Lincoln-First Inaugural Address, Reconstruction, Industrial Revolution, Progressive Reformers,
Isolationism, Nationalism, World War I, Triple Alliance, The Great Depression, The New Deal, Franklin
Roosevelt, World War II, Cold Ware, Atlantic Charter, Korean Conflict, Vietnam, America in the
1960’s, 1970’s, 1980’s, 1990’s
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Language Arts 300 (10 Units) Grammar, spelling, book reports, stories, fables, reading, adjectives,
punctuation, capitalization
Language Arts 400 (10 Units) Book reports, writing fables, spelling, use of dictionary, different kinds
of writing, short stories and word play
Language Arts 500 (10 Units) Contractions, diphthongs, abused language, parts of speech, opinions,
essays, projects
Language Arts 600 (10 Units) Adverbs, pronouns, idioms, business news story, interjections, outlines,
organizing, the President’s thoughts, metaphors, poems, drama
Language Arts 700 (10 Units) Building blocks, information texts, narratives, biographies, personal and
business letters, public speaking, essays, critiques, more mechanics, formatting, autobiographies,
character sketch
Language Arts 800 (10 Units) Strategies for writing, punctuation, essays, analyzing, propaganda, persuasive factors, formal essays, summarizing, paraphrasing, persuasive language, listening, cues,
following directions, story elements, narrating, editing
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English I (13 Units) Word meanings, spelling, speech, prepositions, interjections, conjunctions,
common errors, verb tenses, plagiarism, complex projects, persuasion, the world of business, arguments
bias, contrast and comparing, SOAP, poetry, short story, Homer, Odysseus, Elizabethtown drama,
Shakespeare, novels, Twenty thousand Leagues, Plots and perspective, the novel
English II (13 Units) Language in motion, plurals, inflections, demonstrative pronouns, antecedents,
infinitives, adverb phrases, punctuation, exposition, technical instruction, analogies, roots and affixes
compositions, biographies, regional dialects, getting a job, resumes, cover letters, media, television,
public opinion, theme and experience, critical essay, diction and form, Greek drama, Roman drama,
English III (13 Units) Standard and nonstandard English, lexicography, appositives, subordinate
clauses, Greek and Roman roots, measurement in poetry, Annabel lee, nonfiction, journals, Our Town,
essay, thesis , bibliography, analyzing words, expository theme, critical analysis, Old Man and the Sea
English IV (13 Units) Elizabethan poetry, Shakespeare, Hamlet, Bunyan, Pope, Swift, Johnson,
Goldsmith, Shelley, Keats, Wordsworth, Milton Puritan literature, sensibility literature, romantic
literature, medieval literature, poetry Hamlet, Canterbury Tales, 17th-19th century English literature
Essentials of Communication (6 Units) - Public Speaking proficiency
Components of the communication process and their functions, types of communication, functions
of language, non-verbal communication, listening styles and barriers, interpersonal relationships,
conversation management, etiquette, criticism, understanding groups, group communication, problem
solving, leadership, presenting and interpreting public messages, defining the audience, research,
supporting materials, speech outlining, speaking notes, rehearsing
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Mathematics 300 (10 Units) Place values, addition and carrying, money, subtraction, borrowing,
fractions, shapes measurement, graphs and rounding
Mathematics 400 (10 Units) Place values, rounding, perimeters, calendars, shapes, roman numerals,
multiplication and division, word problems, equations, decimals, angles fractions, short division,
protractor, multiplication, division, factoring and data collection
Mathematics 500 (11 Units) Number theory and operations, including whole numbers, decimals, and
fractions, measurement and two- and three- dimensional figures. Introduction to algebraic, statistical, and
probability concepts
Mathematics 600 (10 Units) Focus on number skills and numerical literacy, with an introduction to the
number skills necessary for algebra, factoring, exponents, statistical charts, probabilities, and making
predictions. Solid experience with number theory and operations, including decimals and fractions
Mathematics 700 (11 Units) Integers, fractions, decimals, patterns and equations, ratios and
proportions, probability and graphing, data analysis, geometry, measurement and area, surface area and
Pre-algebra (11 Units) Subsets of the real number system, using variables, The number line,
comparing rational numbers, exponents, scientific notation, square roots, order of operations, expressions
and equations, solving one-step and two-step equations, relations and functions, analyze graphs, integers,
evaluating expressions, prime factorization and GCF, simplifying fractions, LCM and LCD, like and
unlike fractions, adding and subtracting decimals, multiplying and dividing fractions, two-step equations,
prime factorization, simplifying fractions, one-step and two-step inequalities, proportions, applications,
direct variation, solving percent problems, applications, unit conversion, corresponding parts, indirect
measure, models and scales, rewriting equations, combine like terms, intercepts, non-linear functions,
geometric/exponential/recursive sequences, angles, perpendicular and parallel lines, circles, polygons,
Quadrilateral Family, perimeter and circumference, area of parallelograms, area of circles, composite
figures, symmetry, reflections, distance and midpoint, tessellations, dilations, central tendency and
dispersion, bar/circle/line graphs, histograms, box-and-whisker plots, scatter plots, misleading graphs,
appropriate displays, tree diagrams and counting principle, permutations, combinations, mixed reviews
of outcomes, probability and odds, disjointed and overlapping events, independent and dependent events
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Algebra I (13 Units) Variables and expressions, absolute value, distributive property, coordinate plane,
linear equality, slope , substitution method, polynomials, Pythagorean theorem, exponents, raising to a
power, quadratic, probability, linear equations, compound inequality
Algebra II (13 Units) Sets, functions, graphs, algebraic expressions, multi-step equations with
parenthesis, graphing solution sets for inequalities, motion problems, line graphs, point slope equations
of a line, solutions by substitution, factoring trinomials, synthetic division, inverse and direct variation,
joint and combined variation, multiplying and dividing with fractions, conjugates, quadratic equations,
sum and product of roots, exponential functions, progressions: sequences, series, integers, the
discriminate, imaginary numbers, binomial coefficients, logarithms, conditional probability
Geometry (13 Units) Sets, lines, theorems and postulates, proofs, transversals and special angles,
proving triangles congruent, parallelograms, independent triangles, overlapping triangles, 30,60,90 degree
triangles, sines, cosines, tangents, area of circles, solids, perpendicular lines, congruence and similarity,
inverse and identity transformations, polygons, coordinates and proofs, arcs, cones, prisms, isometry,
graphs of algebraic sentences, circle equation, midpoint formula
Pre-Calculus (10 Units) Algebraic functions, linear functions, trigonometric functions, graphs of sines
and cosines, special angles, reduction formulas, inverse trigonometric functions and polar coordinates,
amplitude of circular functions, phase shift of circular functions, double and half angle formulas,
parabola, hyperbola, permutation of N, multiplication of probabilities, difference quotient, proofs by induction, angle between curves
Integrated Math 1 (11 Units) Foundations of algebra, language of algebra, geometry, coordinate
geometry, linear systems, equations and inequalities, linear systems, probability and statistics
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Science 300 (10 Units) Oxygen, digestion, root hairs, seeds, animals, insects, fish, amphibians,
reptiles, birds, mammals, marsupials, foods, teeth, chemistry, volume, mass, sounds, earth rotations
and seasons, igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, volcanoes, heat, molecules, liquids, gas, electricity,
friction, static, sun
Science 400 (10 Units) Plants, parts of plants, animals, insects, mollusks, endangered species,
conservation, ecology, decomposers, ecosystem, food chain, diorama, machines-simple and complex,
Galileo, pulley, gravity, electricity, current, circuit, conductors, magnetism, Edison, water-ice gas, as
solvent, atmosphere, hurricanes, tornadoes, snowstorms, weather instruments, astronomy, Isaac
Newton, stars and space, Earth, air, water, land
Science 500 (10 Units) Cells, Hooke, Leeuwenhoek, protozoa, seed plants, spores, mold, yeasts,
fungi, invertebrates, vertebrates, carbon cycle, terrarium, food chain, prairie land, heat energy,
chemical energy, sources of energy, plate tectonics, under ground forces, reading fossils, identifying
rocks, erosion, matter, skeleton, natural cycles-moon, life comets
Science 600 (10 Units) Photosynthesis, enzymes, digestive system, mouth digestive system,
circulatory system, respiratory, excretory, muscles, bones, nervous system, eye, heart, blood, ear,
animal behavior, biomes, tropisms, mitosis, meiosis, embryo, DNA mutations, genetics, genes and
traits, Mendel, atoms, elements, molecules, compounds, atomic number electron arrangement, diagram
of atom, force, work, gasses, mechanical energy, heat energy
Science 700 (10 Units) Data collection, analysis, chromatography, phase changes, electric motor,
Newton’s Law, organs, pathogens, immune system, chronic diseases, radiation therapy, vaccinations,
Karyotype, ecosystems, solar systems, evolution, Pun net squares, forensic DNA, water cycles,
asteroids, extinction, taxonomy, plant kingdom
Science 800 (10 Units) Radioactivity, atomic nuclei, reactors, metric system, area, volume, mass,
Density, earth structures, buoyancy, oceanography, turbidity, sedimentation, chemistry of the ocean,
photosynthesis, biosphere, industry, transportation, space, telescopes, astronomy, populations
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Biology (13 Units) Taxonomy, binomial nomenclature, molecular basis of life, static electricity, covalent
bonding, organic compounds, lipids, carbohydrates, enzymes, microscope, microbiology, protozoa, amoeba,
algae, cell design, osmosis, anatomy and morphology of plants, sexual reproduction in animals and plants,
anatomy and physiology, systems of the body, chromosomes, diseases, probability, cell division-meiosis,
mitosis, asexual and sexual reproduction, food chains, ecology, biomes, quadrants
Chemistry (13 Units) Metric system, analyzing data, mass, density, colloids, gas, kinetic, propellants,
pressure, temperature, mole, Avogadro's number, golden years of chemistry, atomic theory, Periodic table,
Bohr Model, fission reactors, nuclear reaction, valence structure, polar covalent molecules, stoichiometry,
solution concentrate, molarity, dissolving, titration of acids, bonding of carbon atoms, alkranes, reactions of
unsaturated and saturated hydrocarbons, aldehydes acids and ketones, esthers, proteins and amino acids
Physics (10 Units) Scalars, vectors, oleic acid, rate of length change, Newton’s first and second laws, Isaac
Newton, Circular motion, kinetic and potential energy, power, nuclear energy, waves, pulses, bending
waves, light properties, water, refraction, convergence, Galileo, acceleration, Newton’s third law,
conservation of momentum, explosion, Kepler’s Law of Planetary motion, solar system, heat energy latent
heat, thermodynamics, sound waves, Doppler, electric charges, Coulomb’s Law, electric potential, sources
of EMF, resistance, Ohm’s Law, circuits, fields, electromagnetism, electron beams, quantum theory, x-rays,
Bohr Model, nuclear theory
Earth Science (13 Units) Explores the Earth’s origin and history, structure, forces and features of the earth
and its crust, interacting systems, and place in the universe. Concepts and processes in Astronomy,
Geology, Meteorology and Oceanography
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General Studies
Business Computer Information Systems1-A (6 Units) Communication Skills: email, netiquette, non
-verbal communication, workplace habits and attitudes, giving constructive feedback, paraphrasing and
summarizing, difference between hardware vs. software, CPU, hard drive, motherboard, emerging technology, keyboarding exercises, writing and editing business documents, how to write business letters, resumes, entering data into a spreadsheet, function, operation, creating a personal budget, database,
basics in creating a database, organizing a database, search and queries
Business Computer Information Systems 1-B (6 Units) Telecommunications in the workplace, using
email-ethics and work habits, choosing telecommunications for business needs, Desktop Publishingapplications, types-text, graphics, project-creating an instructional manual, presentation technology:
application, layout, special effects menu, toolbars, panes, views, networks: application, architecture,
computer operating system: Mac, Windows, Linux, interface, programs and files
Essentials of Business (1 Unit) A semester-length course introducing goals, processes, and operations of
business enterprises. Focus is on the functions of companies, from multinational corporations to the
corner grocery store, such as accounting, finance, human resource management, marketing, operations
management, and strategic planning. Students learn how to apply business concepts to their own lives,
compare and contrast market vs. controlled economies, legal forms of business ownership, components of
success business communication, and analyze ways technology is changing business operations.
Personal and Financial Literacy ( 6 Units) Students will evaluate financial information from a variety
of sources when making personal financial decisions; understand the role of income, taxes, and research
in developing and planning a career path; develop systems for managing money (including saving and
investing) tied to personal financial goals; recognize and understand a consumer’s rights and
responsibilities in a complex world market
Psychology (6 Units) The study of people’s thoughts and behavior, fundamentals of psychology,
emergence of experimental psychology, psychology schools of thought, perspectives, careers in
psychology, biopsychosocial psychology, biology behind behavior, sensory processes, motivation,
emotion and stress, developmental psychology, theories of development, lifespan development,
personality, free will vs. determinism, cognitive psychology, learning, conditioning, memory, thinking,
language, consciousness and sleep, dreams, abnormal and group behavior, mental disorders and treating,
altruism, social influence and conformity, using influence
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Personal and Family Living (6 Units) Personal development, tolerance, maturity, exercising self
control, developing friendships, peer pressure, making decisions, consequences, identifying major
sources of stress, strategies to deal with stress, family structure, family roles, positive/negative roles, four
main family functions, stages of the family life cycle, golden rule, rule of five, types of stressful events,
chronic stress, forming relationships, halo effect, types of attraction, working in groups, interpersonal,
communication, non-verbal communication, 7-38-55 Rule, empathy, ways to express empathy,
resolving conflict constructively, nutrition, nutrition in foods, meal management, staying out of debt,
loaning/saving money, driving safety, accident contributors, financial independence, job search, types of
resumes, evaluating/writing a cover letter
Health Quest (5 Units) Body tissues, skeleton, calcium, systems, emotional health, choices, social
health, nutrition, ingredients, food pyramid, safety in the home, natural disasters, ecology, pollutions,
recycling, poisoning, disease and prevention, immunizations, infectious diseases
High School Health (5 Units) Building blocks, circulatory system and respiratory system, childhood
development, adolescence, adulthood, nutrition, carbohydrates, fats and proteins, vitamins and minerals,
proper eating habits, meat and bean group, calcium, physical fitness, muscular endurance, mental health,
social health, making choices, friends, family, personal hygiene, teeth and mouth, eyes and ears, safety,
personal safety, weather safety, water safety, first aid kits, extreme temperature, disease and prevention,
infectious disease, health care, alcohol, tobacco, health and the environment, water and soil
Physical Fitness (5 Units) Knowledge and skills needed to analyze the key components of successful
physical activity and ability to use this analysis to determine if a program is reasonable and effective,
skill to describe, perform and identify the three main types of physical activity and motivational
strategies to continue positive fitness habits, activities in flexibility training, cardiovascular fitness and
resistance training
Physical Education (1 Unit) Semester-length course focusing on performance of individual and team
sports, with explanations of proper technique, rules of the game, and preparation. Team sports include
soccer, basketball, football, baseball, and volleyball. Students have the opportunity to perform each
sport, keeping an activity log. Goal is incorporating activity into daily life and gaining lifelong healthy
fitness habits. Students learn to define physical fitness, evaluate their fitness level, apply fitness, weight
management, and nutrition-related skills to their lives.
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Civil War (6 Units) Cultural Differences between North and South, slavery, political compromises,
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, violence in Kansas, John Brown, Abolitionist Movement, South
seceding from the Union, confederacy, sovereignty, Anaconda Plan, Bull Run, Battle of Shiloh,
Peninsular Campaign, Antietam, Battle of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Jefferson Davis, Abraham
Lincoln, Battle of Gettysburg, George Meade, Rose O’Neal Greenhow, Ginnie and Lottie Moon, Nancy
Hart, Dr. Mary Walker, Harriet Tubman, The Black Brigade of Cincinnati, William Harvey Carney,
Vicksburg, Chickasaw Bluffs, Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant, Battle of Chickamauga, Battle of
Chattanooga, Wilderness Campaign, Petersburg, Atlanta Campaign, Sherman’s March to the Sea, Union
and Confederate Prisons, Battle of Britain
General History 900 (10 Units) Earth’s composition, fertile crescent, development of civilizations,
globe, northern, southern hemisphere, types of maps, axis, intersect, statistics, geographic regions,
political regions, Liberty Bell, Statue of Liberty, political parties, freedom principles, National
Government, Articles of Confederation, Constitution of the US, Congress, Senators, Representatives,
Vice President, Cabinet, and Executive, Judicial Branch, State Government, Acquisition of Citizenship,
ecological hazards, loss of agricultural farmland, urban geography, Mans responsibility for
environment, diversity of occupations, career preparation
Twentieth Century American History (6 Units) Industrial Revolution, American Workforce, poor
working conditions, Socialism, Labor Unions, farmers and populists, Gilded Age, urbanization, women
in society, discrimination, segregation, origins of progressivism, social reform, American Imperialism,
Panama Canal, Main causes of World War I, Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points, Red Scare, Flappers,
Harlem Renaissance, Depression, Franklin Delano Roosevelt-”A New Deal for the American People”,
Isolationism, Nationalism, Holocaust, Origins of the Cold War Suez Crisis, Space Race, Harry Truman,
,Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Thurgood Marshall, Little Rock Nine, Civil Rights
Movement, Martin Luther King, Jr. , Freedom Rides, Malcolm X, Asian, Chicano, and American
Indian Movement, Watergate, Richard Nixon, Conservative Movement, Ronald Reagan, Iran-Contra
Affair, Immigration, Migration, Women’s Movement
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Vietnam Era (6 Units) Defined by the Vietnam War Origins of U.S. Involvement in Vietnam,
Vietnam’s geography, early history, French Indochina, colonization of Indochina, nationalist
movement, freeing Vietnam from France, Vietnam during World War II, French Indochina War. Cold
War, Marshall Plan, spread of communism, Dien Bien Phu, The Geneva Accords, United States
military involvement, Geneva Accords, Ngo Dinh Diem as leader, Lyndon B. Johnson, Gulf of
Tonkin, air and ground war, North Vietnam and South Vietnam armies, Vietcong tunnels, women and
the Vietnam War, Antiwar movement, governmental debates.1968 election, Richard Nixon,
Vietnamization, Invasion of Cambodia, morale and discipline, secret diplomacy and the Paris Peace
Accords, Nixon and Watergate, fall of Saigon, prisoners of war, Vietnam Veterans Memorial,
Vietnamese relations, Vietnam today
World Geography (13 Units) Globes, maps, charts, earth’s layers, renewable, and nonrenewable
resources, atmosphere, hydrosphere, ecosystems, human migration, settlement, developing nations,
counter migration stream, pandemic, cultural mosaics, United States, Northeast and the South,
Canada, Greenland, International alliances, NAFTA, NATO, and OAS, aquaculture, conservation,
environmental policies, agriculture, Central America, South America, Caribbean, Oceania,
Australasia, Antarctica, Western Europe, Eastern Europe and Russia, Sub-Saharan Africa, North
Africa, Southwest Asia, Central, South, East, and Southeast Asia
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Consumer Math (10 Units) Number skills, division, prime numbers, fractions: adding, subtracting,
multiplying and dividing, real life applications: using fractions in the kitchen, linear measurement,
volume, weight, money, finding a job, payroll, payroll deductions, self-employment piecework,
retirement planning, measures of central tendency, mean, median, and mode, statistics, sets and
probability, cash budget, home based budget, home based application, standard normal distribution,
balance sheet, taxes, insurance, banking services, checking, savings, ATM’s, simple and compound
interest, financial planning, stocks and bonds, mutual funds, wills and estates, markups, selling price,
cost per unit, comparison techniques, cost per unit, using tables for variables, buy, lease, and rent,
depreciation trends, leisure, travel and retirement planning, pricing of job related services, calculating
perimeter and area, trapezoids, Pythagorean Theorem, cylinders, cones, spheres, geometry, indirect
Trigonometry (6 Units) Trigonometric functions, Pythagorean Theorem, inverse functions, positive
angle, negative angle, cosecant, cotangent, secant, unit circle, trigonometric values, radian measure,
cosine addition formula, double-angle formulas, converting between products and sums, vectors, law of
sines, area of a triangle, law of cosines, navigation application, polar coordinate, polar curves, polar
forms of conics, multiply and divide complex numbers, powers and Nh Roots
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General Science 900 (10 Units) Structure of matter, radioactivity, Wilson’s cloud chamber, nuclear
composition, neutrons, beta particles, alpha particles, standard units, metric measures, sub-division of
units, formula for gravitational force, buoyancy, Archimedes, densities of common substances,
igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks, crust, mantle, earth layering, erosion, entrenched meanders, plate
tectonics, rift valley, Neptunists vs. Plutonists, formation of fossils, crustal changes, superposition,
intrusion, tree rings, radiometric ages, deep ocean research, wave and tide measurement, acoustic
devices, submarines, geophysics, echo sounding, ocean coring, fish imports & exports, leading
producers of fish, chemical analysis of seawater, megaliths, reflecting telescopes, space explorations,
body health: germs, disease, microbiology, infections, viral infections, body defense mechanisms,
medicine, drug control organizations, ecology, biosphere, formula for population growth, astronomy,
space exploration, pharmacology
Integrated Physics and Chemistry (13 Units) Branches of Science, Scientific Method, units of
measurement, mass, density, four states of matter, measuring heat energy, calories, latent heat of
fusion, acids and bases, chemical bonding, atomic structure and bonding, synthesis reaction,
decomposition reactions, nuclear energy, radioactivity, properties of solids, elasticity in solids, liquids,
gases, distance, displacement, acceleration, relative motion, momentum, force, vector, friction,
centripetal force, forms of energy, joule, kinetic energy, potential energy, levers, mechanical
advantage, law of conservation of energy, horsepower, watt, electricity, waves, Doppler effect,
resonance, harmonics, properties of light, lenses, carbon dioxide and global warming, fossil fuel,
atomic spectra, temperature of stars, kepler and the motion of the stars, water acidity
Environmental Science (2 Units) Interdisciplinary course covering a wide variety of topics including
biology, physics, geology, ecology, chemistry, geography, astronomy, meteorology, oceanography, and
engineering, ways in which human populations affect our planet and its processes with a special
emphasis on the concept of sustainability. Focus on scientific inquiry includes hands-on labs, analysis,
and research
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Foreign Language
French I (12 Units) Entry level high school foreign language course which explores the French
language through communication, culture, connections, comparisons and communities. Student material
will achieve the following goals: Use of French in everyday situations in both oral and written
communication, vocabulary necessary to function as a tourist in francophone countries, obtain basic
knowledge of France as a country, the ability to read and listen with understanding of French passages
related to various themes, and to compare cultural aspects of French speaking countries and the United
States. Assignments will included material such as; alphabet, accents, masculine or feminine phrases,
school expressions, educational system in France, telling time, date, numbers 60-100, colors, structures
in France, family, French holidays, possessive adjectives, adjectives, irregular adjectives, adjectives that
precede the noun, leisure activities in France, hobbies, verbs and adverbs, sports in France, weather,
seasons, stages of life, transportation
French II (12 Units) French II course builds on French I and reviews skills and concepts taught in
French I with further exposure to communication, cultures, connections, comparisons, and communities.
Assignments will consist of grammar review, French products, markets in the Francophone World, cost
of goods, health care professions, professions in the arts, trades, helping professions, character traits,
Cannes Film Festival, French lifestyle and royal weddings, nutrition around the Francophone world,
physical activity, daily habits, a teen’s typical routine, cultural celebrations and fashion , fashion at the
beginning of the Twentieth Century, African fashion, the fine arts, movements and art history, The
Louvre Museum sites and things to do while on vacation, modes of transportation
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Foreign Language
Spanish I (12 Units) Entry level high school foreign language course which explores the Spanish
language through communication, culture, connections, comparisons and communities. Students material
will achieve the following goals: : Use of Spanish in everyday situations in both oral and written
communication, vocabulary necessary to function as a tourist in Spanish speaking countries, and the
Spanish speaking world. the ability to read, listen and understand basic passages in Spanish related to
various themes, and to compare cultural aspects of Hispanic countries and the United States. Assignments
will include material such as; alphabet, Spanish greetings, verbs, pronouns, nouns, definite articles,
colors, opportunities to use Spanish, numbers, days of the week, time, parts of the sentence, how to begin
a conversation, cultures in Mexico, Mexican hat dance, Sweet Fifteen Party, Mayan World, Long live
Mexico and it’s independence, exploration through various Hispanic countries of lifestyles, activities,
sites, weather, and transportation
Spanish II (12 Units) Spanish II course builds on Spanish I and reviews skills and concepts taught in
Spanish I with further exposure to communication, cultures, connections, comparisons, and communities.
Assignments will consist of introduction to the Spanish speaking world, Spanish in the US, why do we
speak Spanish, geography lesson, educational field trip, literature class, Chilean personalities, the
outdoors on Margarita Island, music and dance, Peru, Machu Picchu is a wonder, culture shock, Amazon
Rainforest and Puerto Maldonado, Spanish influence in Colombia
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Fine Arts
Music Theory (5 Units) Students learning experience will include the basic concepts of rhythm and
meter, notation and pitch, scales and key signatures, harmony with hands on activities of performance
and composition
Music Appreciation (5 Units) Students learn basic musical elements, trace the development and
growth of classical music, receive a strong foundation for greater appreciation of music and learn how
they experience music. Lessons include engaged listening to learn techniques to effectively listen and
respond to music, identify common instruments by sight or sound, identify musical terms, compare and
contrast music from different periods as well as analyze the effects of classical and popular music of the
20th century.
Art History (2 Units) Year-long course to help students develop knowledge of the history and theory
of are, the relationship between the artist, artwork, and society. Skills covered include research and
period critique, styles and works of art from early civilization through modern and contemporary art.
Students will learn how art history is similar to other disciplines, to identify approaches art historians
use to analyze art, the origins of photography, the role of painters in the development of photography, the
evolution of art in the 21st century, the role of the art museum.
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Media & Technology
Digital Arts (1 Unit) Students receive an introduction to visualization-graphics programming on
computers. Helps students expand knowledge and skills to identify differences between digital arts and
other types of art or photographs; write about the role digital art plays in mass media, define different
types of digital photography, the ethics of photo manipulation; and identify strengths and weaknesses of
digital and analog audio.
Media Studies (1 Unit) Students examine media, such as magazines, the Internet, video games, and
movies. They learn strategies advertisers use for persuasion, and explore how news broadcasters choose
the stories to run. Students examine how media helps shape our culture and how our culture shapes the
media. Students should gain some understanding of the impacts of media on people’s behavior, attitudes,
and socialization; media’s involvement in the political process; types of advertising, the internet as a
form of personal communication; and how television functions as a business.
Technology and Research (1 Unit) Looks at how technology can help students develop fundamental
knowledge of the research project. Students learn how new technology is developed and evaluate ways
technology affects society. In this writing-intensive course students learn to define technology, how
science and technology are related, the similarities and differences between quantitative and qualitative
research, how to evaluate a scientific journal article, write an abstract, as well as write and orally present
a research paper.
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Essentials: Language Arts (5 Units) Consumer materials, main idea, conclusions and predictions,
evaluating an argument, business letter, literary genres, plot , theme, drama, critique, focused essay,
narrative, connecting ideas through subordination, verbs, nouns and pronouns, modifiers, punctuation
Essentials: Math (7 Units) Rational numbers, absolute value and integers, fractions, decimals, percents,
fractions and factoring, exponents in scientific notation, whole number exponents, powers and roots,
central tendency measures, statistics, outcomes, probabilities, independent and dependent variables,
operations, exponents and roots, polynomials, inverse operations, two step equations, inequalities,
measurement systems. Scale drawings, surface area, volume, geometric shapes scale factors,
Pythagorean Theorem, congruent figures, analyzing problems, estimations, graphs, data, linear functions,
multi step word problems, linear inequalities
GED Prep: History and Geography (4 units) - Language Arts (4 units) - Math (8 units) Science (4 units)
Placements Test: Grades 3-11 English, Math, History and Science
Skills Diagnostic: A combination software that tests a student’s understanding of essential concepts or
skills, in English Grammar and Math. The product is designed to indicated high school readiness in
these subjects through a series of diagnostic tests covering specific skills. The program provides
remedial materials targeting each skill if test results are below a specified benchmark (threshold). The
Math and English Grammar remedial materials which may be assigned automatically by the application
or manually by the teacher. These remedial materials provide concise summaries (mini-lessons), rather
than a lengthy presentation of the concepts. After the student studies the remedial material in the skill
unit, he takes a mastery test to see if he/she learned the concept
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*AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not
involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product
Calculus - for use with AP* courses (10 Units)
Prerequisites/Course Information: This course is designed to prepare you for the AP Calculus AB exam
and subsequent college-level math courses. The course will focus on a balance of skills, conceptual
understanding, and the use of technology. Prior to taking this course, you should have successfully completed
four years of high-school math: two years of algebra, one year of geometry, and one year of pre-calculus that
includes trigonometry.
Calculus Course Content:
Graphs and Limits, Derivatives, Related Rates, Derivative Tests, Integrals, Natural Logs and Functions, Area
and Volume, Inverse Trig Functions and Review and Semester Exams
Textbook: The textbook for the course is the seventh edition of Calculus of a Single Variable by Ron Larson,
Robert Hostetler, and Bruce Edwards (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001; ISBN 0-618-14916-3).
Instructor Resources: Instructor’s Resource Guide (Calculus) [Teacher’s Edition] [Paperback] by Ann
Rutledge Kraus (Houghton Mifflin, 2002, ISBN-10: 0-618-14930-8, ISBN-13: 978-061814930-8)
Study and Solutions Guide Volume 1 Calculus, by Bruce H. Edwards (Houghton Mifflin, 2001,
ISBN-10: 0-61814922-8, ISBN-13: 978-061814922-8)
Complete Solutions Guide: Volume II—for Calculus 7th Edition, (Mcdougal Littell/Houghton Mifflin; 2001,
ISBN-10: 0-61814932-5, ISBN-13: 978-0618149322)
Required Technology: You will need access to the following technologies for this course: a graphing
calculator (TI-89 strongly recommended)
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*AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not
US History - for use with AP* courses (19 Units)
Prerequisites/Course Information: In this course students will develop a strong understanding of what
kind of a people Americans are, where we came from, how we got here, and where we are going. Few
courses in the high school curriculum are as rich in cultural value. The traditional political, economic,
and social topics that you’ll be studying in this course are supplemented by the textbook’s coverage of
religion, music,
literature, and art. The lessons in this course pay focus specifically on movements, developments, and
events that have helped shape the United States from 1492 to 1877. Emphasis will therefore be placed
upon such broad themes as wars and treaties, territorial expansion, immigration, the rise and fall of slavery, civil rights and the struggles of minorities, women’s rights, and the development of political parties,
presidential politics, economic history, intellectual movements, religious movements, reform movements, social movements, labor
history, and constitutional controversies.
Textbook: The textbooks for the course are:
Semester one: The American Pageant: A History of the Republic by David Kennedy, et al. Volume 1: To
1877: Houghton Mifflin, 2006 [ISBN: 0618479287].
Semester two: The American Pageant: A History of the Republic by David Kennedy, et al. Volume 2:
Since 1865: Houghton Mifflin, 2006 [ISBN: 0618479295].
Covers both semesters: The American Pageant: A History of the Republic by David Kennedy, et al.:
Houghton Mifflin, 2006 [ISBN: 0618479279]. Quick Reference-24
*AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not
English Language and Composition - for use with AP* courses (15 Units)
Prerequisites/Course Information: This course contains a full schedule of reading and writing assignments linking United States Literature (with a focus on nonfiction prose) and composition. Assignments
require careful reading of nonfiction texts and a close analysis of the ways writers use the resources of
language to achieve their purposes and connect with their intended audiences.
Course Content:
Reading: Identifying an author’s thesis, identifying assumptions, analyzing an author’s argument, reasoning and evidence. Identifying basic features of style, structure, and patterns of development in a text.
Evaluating a text for overall significance. Exploring connections between and among texts.
Writing: Using a wide ranging vocabulary, Using a variety of sentence structures. Demonstrating an understanding of how sentence structures can be used to create rhythm, balance, and emphasis. Enhancing
logical organization to increase coherence (transition, repetition, and parallelism) Using effective assertions and support. Attention to revision and editing, demonstrating overall mastery of grammar, usage,
spelling, and punctuation. Proper attribution of sources using Modern Language Association conventions. Demonstrating focus, clarity, and substance, even under timed conditions.
Required Texts: Escholz, Rosa, and Clark. Language Awareness: Readings for College Writers. 9th
Student edition. Beford/St. Martin’s , 2004 [ISBN: 0312407025]
McBride, James. The Color of Water: A Black Man’s Tribute to His White Mother. 10th Anniversary
edition. Penguin Group, 2006 [ ISBN: 159448192X]
Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Mark Twain Library edition Berkeley: University of
California Press, 2001 [ ISBN: 0520228383]
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CTE: Hospitality
and Tourism
Introduction to Hospitality and Tourism Systems (5 Units) Introductory course establishes a
foundation for the concept of tourism, travel, and hospitality as a system. Includes the importance of
interrelated system activities and discusses the components integral to international and domestic travel
and tourism: destination planning and development, tour and travel distribution systems, transportation
systems, attraction and entertainment systems and the hospitality industry.
Transportation and Tours for the Traveler (5 units) Examination of the relationship between
operations and management within tourist transportation system, the regulatory bodies impacting the
tourist transportation industry, the interaction of challenges arising from society and its increasing
demand upon transportation systems and transportation services for use by tourists. Reviews
international and domestic organizations responsible for marketing tour products and services, the types of
tours and the operators responsible for tour design and operation. Studies the specific marketing,
development, and operation of package tours by those operators.
Food Safety and Sanitation (5 units) Covers the principles and practices of food safety and sanitation
essential in the hospitality industry for protection and well-being of staff, guests, and customers. A
systems approach to sanitation risk management and the prevention of food contamination by
emphasizing the key components of the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) food safety
system. Prepares students to meet the requirements of state and national certification exams.
Sustainable Service Management for Hospitality and Tourism (5 units) Introduction to management issues related to service, quality assurance, and sustainability in global tourism, travel, and hospitality. Includes an in-depth examination of the concept of service and components of the most important functional areas of business providing tourism, travel and hospitality. Concepts of quality as a basic function of
the service sector management system and examines the sustainability of the service product.
Planning Meetings and Special Events (5 units) Overview of the meeting and events industry, the wide
range of responsibilities required of people who manage meetings and special events and skills necessary to
successfully direct meetings and special events. Introduction to key areas required for supporting a meeting
or event, including concepts of design, research, planning, organization, logistics, marketing, promotion,
and evaluation.
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CTE: Hospitality
and Tourism
Marketing and Sales for Tourism and Hospitality (5 Units) Introduction to the study of tourism and
hospitality marketing and sales. Students are introduced to marketing theory and how the basic principles
of marketing are applied in the hospitality and tourism industry. The relationship between marketing and
functions of advertising, sales techniques, and public relations to maximize profits in a hospitality
organization is covered. Explore career opportunities in Tourism and Hospitality.
Lodging Operations Management (5 Units) Systematic approach to operating a lodging facility by
detailing the flow of business from check-in to check-out and how the operation of the rooms division
impacts the overall operation of a hotel. Emphasis on the functions of the rooms division in relation to
other key departments within the hotel such as food and beverage, security and loss prevention, sales and
marketing, and accounting. Prepares students for a career in the lodging industry with an emphasis on
front office operations.
Food and Beverage Management (5 Units) Examine the basics of management in the food and
beverage arena, menu planning and pricing, types of service styles, food and beverage marketing, facility
design and layout, financial controls, basics of science of nutrition, scheduling, and sanitation.
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Health Sciences
Introduction to Careers in the Health Sciences (5 Units) Overview of health careers and overriding principles central to all health professions, including science and technology in human health; anatomy, physiology, and disease development; privacy, ethics, and safety in health care; communication and teamwork in
the healthcare environment; health careers, creating a diverse workforce of lifelong learners; educational
requirements and licensure in health careers, ethical and unethical practices in health care.
Careers in Allied Health (5 units) Explore careers comprising 60% of the health care workforce, diverse
career options in two broad categories: technicians or assistants, and therapists or technologists.
Introduction to careers as EMT/Paramedic, genetic counseling, medical coder, optician, phlebotomist,
radiologic and respiratory technician, registered veterinary technician, and medical illustrator.
Nursing: Unlimited Possibilities and Unlimited Potential (5 units) Introduction to different types of
nursing licenses (CAN, LVP, RN (AND and BSN), FNP) and examples of nursing careers such as family
nurse practitioner, nurse midwife, nurse anesthesiologist, nursing informatics, and public health nurse.
Examine skill common to all nursing professions, and those particular to a discipline or specialty. Explore
the history of nursing and its contributions to health care through time, ethical, legal and privacy issues.
Physicians, Pharmacists, Dentists, Veterinarians, and Other Doctors (5 units) Focus on professional
degrees, such as physician (allopathic (MD), osteopathic (DO), naturopathic (ND), chiropractic (DC),
pharmacist (PharmD), Dentist (DDS), Podiatrist (DPM), Veterinarian (DVM), and physician assistant (PA).
Emphasis on social and cultural skills in medicine, academic ability, and diversity. Explore the history of
the medical profession, issues of ethics, privacy, and legal limitations.
Public Health: Discovering the Big Picture in Health Care (5 units) Introduction to the occupations of
public health, its role in protecting the public from hazards, promoting good health, determining risk
factors for disease and measuring the impact of programs, the effectiveness of drugs, vaccines and
treatments. Issues of global health and the roles of the CDC and WHO are discussed. Public health
challenges in the 21st century encourage recognition of public health issues of interest and concern in
their daily lives.
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Health Sciences
Forensics: Using Science to Solve a Mystery (5 Units) Concepts include chain of evidence, ethics, and
record keeping. Related professions include: CSI, forensic pathologist, forensic anthropologist, forensic
toxicologist, forensic odontologist, medical examiner, forensic nursing, animation, art, and photography.
Takes a detailed look at DNA analysis and the ethics of DNA technology. Explores the connections
scientific content, critical thinking, the acquisition of laboratory skills and the use of computers for
online research. Uses case studies to introduce some techniques used in each discipline. Examine the
history and contribution of physical evidence, fingerprints, ballistics, animation, and molecular
techniques in solving crimes and perpetrators.
Therapeutics: The Art of Restoring and Maintaining Wellness (5 Units) Introduction to careers to
help restore and maintain mobility, physical and mental health. Includes physical therapists, clinical
psychologists, occupational therapists, respiratory therapists, athletic trainers, massage therapists,
dieticians, dietetic technicians, art therapists, neurotherapists, physical therapy assistants, vocational
rehab counselors, surgical technologists, and social workers. Assess importance of education, training,
certification, and licensure in health professions. Examine the variations in scope of practice influencing
job descriptions by state.
Scientific Discovery and Development (5 Units) Compare and contrast careers in both clinical and research and development careers associated with health science. Covers careers in Clinical Laboratory
Scientists (CLS), Clinical Lab Technicians (CLT), Medical Technologists (MT), Med Lab Technicians
(MLT), histotechnologists, and cytogenetics. Explore research and development careers in medical science, medical anthropology, economics, sociology, and psychology. Some serendipitous discoveries are
discussed, in which major medical discoveries arose “by accident”. Discuss controversial issues in
medical research and formulate a position based on a variety of sources. Review human anatomy and
physiology as it pertains to the circulatory system and immunology, as well as basic cell biology and
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CTE: Business and
Business Law (5 Units) Introduction to law and how it affects business. Discuss the role of law and it’s
impact on business, legal consequences affecting formation of particular businesses, legal considerations of
transacting business, the importance of contracts and torts, ethics and business regulation, the differences
in civil and criminal law, state and federal regulation of business. Explore globalization of business and
intellectual property rights, e-commerce considerations, promotion of regional and international trade,
consumer environmental and individual business protections, alternative dispute resolution, negotiation,
arbitration, and mediation.
Office Applications I: Microsoft® Word®, PowerPoint®, and Publisher® (5 units) Introduction to
design, development, creation, editing, document sharing, publication and presentation using these
applications. Explore mail merge, tab stops, backstage view tools; insert, edit, view, review and share
publications. Create presentations, enter and modify content, modify and deliver presentations,
collaborate and share PowerPoint shows.
Office Applications I: Microsoft® Excel® and Access® (5 units) Use Excel® and Access® to design,
develop, create, edit, and share business spreadsheet and database documents. Explore data entry,
formatting, formulas, functions, charts, graphics in backstage view. Gain skills including relational database
terminology, creating and modifying tables, forms, queries, and reports.
Small Business Entrepreneurship (5 units) Introduction to running a business from start to finish. Skills
include effective organization, develop, create, and manage a small business, while dealing with challenges,
problems, and issues faced by entrepreneurs. Understand the traits required to become an entrepreneur.
Explore legal rules and regulations, ethics affecting small businesses, how to apply economic concepts to
decision-making, analyze markets, identify target markets, develop business and management plans.
Principles of Business and Finance (5 units) Introduction to world of business, principles and practices of
working for, managing, and starting a business. Explore legal definitions, principles of capitalism, business
operations, operational sectors, principles of marketing, principles and strategies of management and
leadership, principles of business finance, methods, strategies and purposes of communication with the
business world, introduction to international business.
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CTE: Business and
Career Management (5 Units) Identify personal interests, aptitudes, and learning styles to determine
personally satisfying careers, Consider lifestyle goals, educational interests, values, and traits to assist in
identifying specific careers. In-depth research of specific career allow preparation of a plan to acquire
qualifying skills in the selected field. Acquire skills and knowledge to implement plan. Explore
employment application documents, and interviewing skills necessary to secure employment.
Technology and Business (11 Units) Technical skills, effective communication skills and productive
work habits to make a successful transition to the work place or postsecondary education. Explore
emerging technologies, operating systems, and computer networks while creating a variety of complex
word-processing documents, spreadsheets with charts and graphs, database files, and electronic
presentations. Learn to select appropriate technology to address business needs, compare operating
systems, demonstrate communication skills, identify components of the telecommunications industry,
describe the components needed to establish a network, use project management tools to successfully
manage a business project .
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