286B / 289B
EVOLUTIONt SERIES 2−STAGE HEAT PUMP
WITH PURONR REFRIGERANT
2 TO 5 TONS
Installation Instructions
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service, maintenance,
or use can cause explosion, fire, electrical shock, or other
conditions which may cause death, personal injury, or property
damage. Consult a qualified installer, service agency, or your
distributor or branch for information or assistance. The qualified
installer or agency must use factory−authorized kits or accessories
when modifying this product. Refer to the individual instructions
packaged with the kits or accessories when installing.
Follow all safety codes. Wear safety glasses, protective clothing,
and work gloves. Use quenching cloth for brazing operations.
Have fire extinguisher available. Read these instructions
thoroughly and follow all warnings or cautions included in
literature and attached to the unit. Consult local building codes and
current editions of the National Electrical Code ( NEC ) NFPA 70.
In Canada, refer to current editions of the Canadian electrical code
CSA 22.1.
Recognize safety information. This is the safety−alert symbol !!
When you see this symbol on the unit and in instructions or
manuals, be alert to the potential for personal injury. Understand
these signal words; DANGER, WARNING, and CAUTION. These
words are used with the safety−alert symbol. DANGER identifies
the most serious hazards which will result in severe personal injury
or death. WARNING signifies hazards which could result in
personal injury or death. CAUTION is used to identify unsafe
practices which would result in minor personal injury or product
and property damage. NOTE is used to highlight suggestions
which will result in enhanced installation, reliability, or operation.
WARNING
!
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury
or death.
Before installing, modifying, or servicing system, main
electrical disconnect switch must be in the OFF position and
install a lockout tag. There may be more than 1 disconnect
switch. Lock out and tag switch with a suitable warning label.
!
WARNING
EXPLOSION HAZARD
Failure to follow this warning could
result in death, serious personal injury,
and/or property damage.
Never use air or gases containing
oxygen for leak testing or operating
refrigerant compressors. Pressurized
mixtures of air or gases containing
oxygen can lead to an explosion.
Indoor Thermostat Control Options
Model
Evolution
Control
Standard
2-stage
Thermostat
286B / 289B
Yes
Yes
INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
NOTE: In some cases noise in the living area has been traced to
gas pulsations from improper installation of equipment.
1. Locate unit away from windows, patios, decks, etc. where
unit operation sound may disturb customer.
2. Ensure that vapor and liquid tube diameters are appropriate
for unit capacity.
3. Run refrigerant tubes as directly as possible by avoiding unnecessary turns and bends.
4. Leave some slack between structure and unit to absorb vibration.
5. When passing refrigerant tubes through the wall, seal opening with RTV or other pliable silicon−based caulk. (See Fig.
1.)
6. Avoid direct tubing contact with water pipes, duct work,
floor joists, wall studs, floors, and walls.
7. Do not suspend refrigerant tubing from joists and studs with
a rigid wire or strap which comes in direct contact with
tubing.(See Fig. 1.)
8. Ensure that tubing insulation is pliable and completely surrounds vapor tube.
9. When necessary, use hanger straps which are 1 in. wide and
conform to shape of tubing insulation. (See Fig. 1.)
10. Isolate hanger straps from insulation by using metal sleeves
bent to conform to shape of insulation.
When outdoor unit is connected to factory−approved indoor unit,
outdoor unit contains system refrigerant charge for operation with
AHRI rated indoor unit when connected by 15 ft. (4.57 m) of
field−supplied or factory accessory tubing. For proper unit
operation, check refrigerant charge using charging information
located on control box cover and/or in the Check Charge section of
this instruction.
IMPORTANT: Maximum liquid−line size is 3/8−in. OD for all
residential applications including long line applications.
IMPORTANT: Always install the factory−supplied liquid−line
filter drier. Obtain replacement filter driers from your distributor or
branch.
OUTDOOR WALL
System Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Using Puron®
Refrigerant for wind baffle construction.
NOTE: Unit must be level to within ±2° (±3/8 in./ft,±9.5
mm/m.)per compressor manufacturer specifications.
INDOOR WALL
CAULK
LIQUID TUBE
Clearance Requirements
SUCTION TUBE
INSULATION
When installing, allow sufficient space for airflow clearance,
wiring, refrigerant piping, and service. Allow 24 in. (609.6 mm)
clearance to service end of unit and 48 in. (1219.2 mm) (above
unit. For proper airflow, a 6−in. (152.4 mm) clearance on 1 side of
unit and 12−in. (304.8 mm) on all remaining sides must be
maintained. Maintain a distance of 24 in. (609.6 mm) between
units. Position so water, snow, or ice from roof or eaves cannot fall
directly on unit.
On rooftop applications, locate unit at least 6 in. (152.4 mm)
above roof surface.
THROUGH THE WALL
JOIST
HANGER STRAP
(AROUND SUCTION
TUBE ONLY)
INSULATION
SUCTION TUBE
1” (25.4 mm)
MIN
LIQUID TUBE
SUSPENSION
3/8-in. (9.53 mm) Dia.
Tiedown Knockouts in
Basepan(2) Places
286B / 289B
A07588
Fig. 1 − Connecting Tubing Installation
Specifications for this unit in residential new construction market
require the outdoor unit, indoor unit, refrigerant tubing sets,
metering device, and filter drier listed in presale literature. There
can be no deviation. Consult the Service Manual – Air
Conditioners and Heat Pumps Using Puron® Refrigerant to obtain
required unit changes for specific applications and for R−22
retrofit.
INSTALLATION
!
CAUTION
View From Top
UNIT BASE PAN
Dimension in. (mm)
35 X 35
(889 X 889)
CUT HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury.
Sheet metal parts may have sharp edges or burrs. Use care and
wear appropriate protective clothing and gloves when
handling parts.
IMPORTANT: Effective January 1, 2015, all split system and
packaged air conditioners must be installed pursuant to applicable
regional efficiency standards issued by the Department of Energy.
Check Equipment and Job Site
Unpack Unit
Move to final location. Remove carton taking care not to damage
unit.
Inspect Equipment
File claim with shipping company prior to installation if shipment
is damaged or incomplete. Locate unit rating plate on unit corner
panel. It contains information needed to properly install unit.
Check rating plate to be sure unit matches job specifications.
TIEDOWN KNOCKOUT LOCATIONS in. (mm)
A
B
C
9–1/8 (231.8)
6–9/16 (166.7)
28–7/16 (722.3)
A05177
Fig. 2 − Tiedown Knockout Locations
Operating Ambient
The minimum outdoor operating ambient in cooling mode is 55F
(12.78C) without low ambient cooling enabled, and the
maximum outdoor operating ambient in cooling mode is 125F
(51.67C). At line voltage of 208v (or below) and an outdoor
ambient of 120F (48.9C) (and above), the compressor operates
in low stage. Low ambient cooling operation is possible at
ambient as low as 0F (−17.78C) using UI Evolution controlled
low ambient on 16 and 19 SEER models and low ambient
accessory kits on 16 SEER models.
The maximum outdoor operating ambient in heating mode is 66°F
(18.89C) on all models.
Elevate Unit
!
CAUTION
Install on a Solid, Level Mounting Pad
UNIT OPERATION HAZARD
If conditions or local codes require the unit be attached to pad, tie
down bolts should be used and fastened through knockouts
provided in unit base pan. Refer to unit mounting pattern in Fig. 2
to determine base pan size and knockout hole location.
For hurricane tie downs, contact distributor for details and PE
(Professional Engineer)Certification, if required.
On rooftop applications, mount on level platform or frame. Place
unit above a load−bearing wall and isolate unit and tubing set from
structure. Arrange supporting members to adequately support unit
and minimize transmission of vibration to building. Consult local
codes governing rooftop applications.
Roof mounted units exposed to winds above 5 mph may require
wind baffles. Consult the Service Manual − Residential Split
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
Do not allow water and/or ice to build up in base pan.
Elevate unit per local climate and code requirements to provide
clearance above estimated snowfall level and ensure adequate
drainage of unit.
2
CAUTION
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
UNIT OPERATION HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
If ANY refrigerant tubing is buried, provide a 6 in. vertical
rise at service valve. Refrigerant tubing lengths up to 36 in.
(914.4 mm) may be buried without further special
consideration. Do not bury lines longer than 36 in. (914.4
mm).
Locate the unit in such a way that it is stable in all
circumstances including adverse weather conditions.
In Long−Line Applications, Install Liquid−Line
Solenoid Valve (LSV)
For refrigerant piping arrangements with equivalent lengths greater
than 80 ft. (24.38 m) and/or when elevation difference between
indoor and outdoor unit is greater than ±20 ft. (±6.10 m), follow
all requirements of the Residential Piping and Long−Line
Guideline. If required by the Residential Piping and Long−Line
Guideline, install LSV kit, part no. KHALS0401LLS, specifically
designed for Puron refrigerant heat pumps. LSV should be
installed within 2 ft. (0.61 m) of outdoor unit with flow arrow
pointing toward outdoor unit. Follow the Installation Instructions
included with accessory kit.
IMPORTANT: Flow arrow must point toward outdoor unit.
Make Piping Connections
WARNING
!
PERSONAL INJURY AND UNIT DAMAGE
HAZARD
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal
injury or death.
Relieve pressure and recover all refrigerant before system
repair or final unit disposal. Use all service ports and open
all flow−control devices, including solenoid valves.
Outdoor units may be connected to indoor section using accessory
tubing package or field−supplied refrigerant grade tubing of correct
size and condition. For tubing requirements beyond 80 ft. (24.38
m), substantial capacity and performance losses can occur.
Following the recommendations in the Residential Piping and
Long−Line Guideline will reduce these losses. Refer to Table 1 for
field tubing diameters. Refer to Table 2 for accessory requirements.
Outdoor Unit Connected to Factory−Approved Indoor
Unit
Outdoor unit contains correct system refrigerant charge for
operation with factory−approved, AHRI−rated indoor unit with
highest sales volume when connected by 15 ft. (4.57 m) of
field−supplied or factory−accessory tubing, and factory−supplied
filter drier. Check refrigerant charge for maximum efficiency.
NOTE: If the indoor furnace coil width is more than the furnace
casing width, refer to the indoor coil Installation Instructions for
transition requirements.
Table 1 – Refrigerant Connections and Recommended Liquid
and Vapor Tube Diameters (in.)
UNIT SIZE
024
036
048
060
CAUTION
!
CAUTION
!
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
Do not leave system open to atmosphere any longer than
minimum required for installation. POE oil in compressor is
extremely susceptible to moisture absorption. Always keep
ends of tubing sealed during installation.
286B / 289B
!
LIQUID
Connection
& Max. Tube
Diameter
3/8
3/8
3/8
3/8
RATED VAPOR*
Connection
Diameter
Tube
Diameter
3/4
7/8
7/8
7/8
3/4
7/8
1­1/8
1­1/8
* Units are rated with 25 ft. (7.6 m) of lineset. See Product Data sheet for
performance data when using different size and length linesets.
Notes:
1. Do not apply capillary tube or fixed orifice indoor coils to these units.
2. For Tubing Set lengths between 80 and 200 ft. (24.38 and 60.96 m)
horizontal or 20 ft. (6.1 m) vertical differential 250 ft. (76.2 m) Total
Equivalent Length), refer to the Residential Piping and Longline Guide
line- Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps using Puron refrigerant.
Table 2 – Accessory Usage
Accessory
Compressor Start Assist Capacitor
and Relay
Crankcase Heater
Required for Low Ambient
Cooling Applications Utilizing
2-Stage Thermostat
on 16 SEER Models Only
(Below 55°F / 12.8°C)
Required for
Low Ambient
Cooling Applications
Utilizing UI
(Below 55°F / 12.8°C)
Required for Long Line
Applications*
Required for Sea
Coast
Applications
(within 2 miles/3.2 km)
No
No
No
No
Yes
(standard on some units)
Yes
(standard on some units)
Standard with
Evolution Control
(no kit required)
Standard with
Evolution Control
(no kit required)
No
Standard with Evolution
Control
(no kit required)
Yes
(standard w/factory
approved indoor unit)
Recommended
Yes
(standard on some units)
No
No
No
No
No
Evaporator Freeze Thermostat
Yes (kit required)
Isolation Relay
Yes (kit required)
Liquid Line Solenoid Valve
Low-Ambient Pressure Switch
Puron Refrigerant Balance Port
Hard Shutoff TXV
Support Feet
No
Yes (kit required)
Yes
(standard w/factory
approved indoor unit)
Recommended
No
No
See Residential Piping
and Long Line Guideline
No
Yes
(standard w/factory
approved indoor unit)
No
Yes
(standard w/factory
approved indoor unit)
Recommended
* For tubing set lengths between 80 and 200 ft. (24.38 and 60.96 m) horizontal or 20 ft. (6.10 m) vertical differential (total equivalent length), refer to the
Residential Piping and Long Line Guideline
3
Install Liquid−Line Filter Drier Indoor
WARNING
CAUTION
!
UNIT OPERATION AND SAFETY HAZARD
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury
or equipment damage.
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
Puron refrigerant systems operate at higher pressures than
standard R−22 systems. Do not use R−22 service equipment
or components on Puron refrigerant equipment.
Use a brazing shield
Wrap service valves with wet cloth or heat sink material.
Refer to Fig. 3 and install filter drier as follows:
1. Braze 5−in. (127 mm) liquid tube to the indoor coil.
2. Wrap filter drier with damp cloth.
3. Braze filter drier to above 5−in. (127 mm) liquid tube. Flow
arrow must point towards indoor coil.
4. Connect and braze liquid refrigerant tube to the filter drier.
!
Use refrigerant grade tubing. Service valves are closed from factory
and ready for brazing. After wrapping service valve with a wet
cloth, braze sweat connections using industry accepted methods
and materials. Consult local code requirements. Refrigerant tubing
and indoor coil are now ready for leak testing. This check should
include all field and factory joints.
Evacuate Refrigerant Tubing and Indoor Coil
CAUTION
CAUTION
!
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage
or improper operation.
Never use the system compressor as a vacuum pump.
Installation of filter drier in liquid line is required.
Refrigerant tubes and indoor coil should be evacuated using the
recommended deep vacuum method of 500 microns. The alternate
triple evacuation method may be used. See Service Manual for
triple evacuation method. Always break a vacuum with dry
nitrogen.
Deep Vacuum Method
The deep vacuum method requires a vacuum pump capable of
pulling a vacuum of 500 microns and a vacuum gauge capable of
accurately measuring this vacuum depth. The deep vacuum method
is the most positive way of assuring a system is free of air and
liquid water. (See Fig. 4)
5000
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
A05227
Fig. 3 − Liquid−Line Filter Drier
Refrigerant Tubing connection Outdoor
Connect vapor tube to fitting on outdoor unit vapor service valves
(see Table 1).
Install Adapter Tube
1. Remove plastic retainer holding outdoor piston in liquid
service valve.
2. Check outdoor piston size with matching number listed on
unit rating plate.
3. Locate plastic bag taped to unit containing adapter tube.
4. Remove Teflon
washer from bag and install on open
end of liquid service valve.
5. Remove adapter tube from bag and connect threaded nut to
liquid service valve. Tighten nut finger tight and then with
wrench tighten an additional 1/2 turn (15 ft−lb).
DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN!
LEAK IN
SYSTEM
MICRONS
286B / 289B
!
Sweat Connections
VACUUM TIGHT
TOO WET
TIGHT
DRY SYSTEM
0
1
2
3
4
5
MINUTES
6
7
A95424
Fig. 4 − Deep Vacuum Graph
Final Tubing Check
IMPORTANT: Check to be certain factory tubing on both indoor
and outdoor unit has not shifted during shipment. Ensure tubes are
not rubbing against each other or any sheet metal. Pay close
attention to feeder tubes, making sure wire ties on feeder tubes are
secure and tight.
4
Make Electrical Connections
Route low voltage control wires through control wiring grommet
and connect leads to control board.
Connect to Evolution connections AB only when Evolution User
Interface is available. If additional grounded is needed, use C
terminal.
Standard non−communicating thermostat connections are possible
when you connect to standard thermostat connections W, Y1, Y2,
and O. If additional grounding is needed, use C terminal. Refer to
wiring label for further clarification.
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal
injury or death.
Do not supply power to unit with compressor terminal box
cover removed.
Be sure field wiring complies with local and national fire, safety,
and electrical codes, and voltage to system is within limits shown
on unit rating plate. Contact local power company for correction of
improper voltage. See unit rating plate for recommended circuit
protection device.
NOTE: Operation of unit on improper line voltage constitutes
abuse and could affect unit reliability. See unit rating plate. Do not
install unit in system where voltage may fluctuate above or below
permissible limits.
NOTE: Use copper wire only between disconnect switch and unit.
NOTE: Install branch circuit disconnect of adequate size per NEC
to handle unit starting current. Locate disconnect within sight from
and readily accessible from unit, per Section 440−14 of NEC.
Route Ground and Power Wires
Remove access panel to gain access to unit wiring. Extend wires
from disconnect through power wiring hole provided and into unit
control box.
!
WARNING
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal
injury or death.
Final Wiring Check
IMPORTANT: Check factory wiring and field wire connections
to ensure terminations are secured properly. Check wire routing to
ensure wires are not in contact with tubing, sheet metal, etc.
Compressor Crankcase Heater
Furnish power to crankcase heater a minimum of 24 hr before
starting unit. To furnish power to heater only, set thermostat to
OFF and close electrical disconnect to outdoor unit.
Airflow Setup for Evolution Control Furnace or
FE Fan Coil (communicating)
Airflow Selections (ECM Furnaces− non communicating)
The unit cabinet must have an uninterrupted or unbroken
ground to minimize personal injury if an electrical fault
should occur. The ground may consist of electrical wire or
metal conduit when installed in accordance with existing
electrical codes.
Connect Ground and Power Wires
Connect ground wire to ground connection in control box for
safety. Connect power wiring to contactor as shown in Fig. 5.
DISCONNECT
PER N. E. C. AND/OR
LOCAL CODES
CONTACTOR
FIELD POWER
WIRING
FIELD GROUND
GROUND
LUG
A91056
Fig. 5 − Line Power Connections
Use No. 18 AWG color−coded, insulated (35°C minimum) wire for
all installations.
All wiring must be NEC Class 1 and must be separated from
incoming power leads.
Use furnace transformer, fan coil transformer, or accessory
transformer for control power, 24v/40va minimum. The outdoor
unit requires a minimum of 27va/24vac control power.
When using an Evolution User Interface, airflow is automatically
selected based on equipment size. See User Interface Installation
Instructions for available adjustments.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
WIRING
General Information
The ECM Furnaces provide blower operation to match the
capacities of the compressor during high and low stage cooling
operation. Tap selections on the furnace control board enable the
installing technician to select the proper airflows for each stage of
cooling. Below is a brief summary of the furnace airflow
configurations
1. The Y2 call for high stage cooling energizes the “Cool” tap
on the control board. The grey wire from cool tap is connected to tap 5 on the motor. Refer to the furnace Product Data
to find the corresponding airflow. If the airflow setting for
high cooling needs to be switched from tap 5 to a different
tap, jumper a connection from the cool tap to the desired tap
so that the Y2 signal is communicated via the cool tap to the
desired speed tap.
NOTE: Both Y1 and Y2 may be energized for high stage.
2. The Y1 call for low stage cooling energizes the “Fan” tap
on the control board. The red wire from the fan tap is connected to tap 1 on the motor. Refer to the furnace Product
Data to find the corresponding airflow. If the airflow setting
for low cooling needs to be switched from tap 1 to a different tap, jumper a connection from the Fan tap to the desired
tap so that the Y1 signal is communicated via the Fan tap to
the desired speed tap. The Y1 setting will also govern the
continuous fan airflow for the furnace.
Refer to the furnace literature for further details.
5
286B / 289B
!
Connect Control Wiring
286B / 289B
Airflow Selection for Variable Speed Furnaces
(non−communicating)
The variable speed furnaces provide blower operation to match the
capacities of the compressor during high and low stage cooling
operation. The furnace control board allows the installing
technician to select the proper airflows for each stage of cooling.
Below is a summary of required adjustments. See furnace
installation instructions for more details:
1. Turn SW1−−5 ON for 400 CFM/ton airflow or OFF for 350
CFM/ton airflow. Factory default is OFF.
2. The A/C DIP switch setting determines airflow during high
stage cooling operation. Select the A/C DIP switch setting
corresponding to the available airflow shown in the furnace
Installation Instructions that most closely matches the required airflow shown in the air conditioning Product Data
for HIGH speed.
3. The CF DIP switch setting determines airflow during low
stage cooling operation. Select the CF DIP switch setting
corresponding to the available airflow shown in the furnace
installation instructions that most closely matches the required airflow shown in the air conditioning Product Data
for LOW speed. If a higher or lower continuous fan speed is
desired, the continuous fan speed can be changed using the
fan switch on the thermostat. Refer to the furnace Installation Instructions for details of how to use this feature.
Airflow Selection for FV4C Fan Coils Using
Non−Comm. (Non−Evolution) Thermostats
The FV4C provides high− and low−stage blower operation to
match the capacities of compressor at high− and low−stage. To
select recommended airflow, refer to FV4C Installation
Instructions. The FV4C utilizes an Easy Select control board that
allows the installing technician to select proper airflows. For
adjustments to control board, select appropriate HP SIZE and CFM
ADJUST setting. This fan coil has an adjustable blower off delay
factory set at 90 sec for high− and low−stage blower operation.
When using a communicating (Evolution) control, dipswitch
adjustments are not necessary. Airflows are determined by
Evolution Control setup. The fan coil is the FE4A.
For other combinations of equipment consult Product Data Digest.
Install Accessories
Refer to the individual instructions packaged with kits or
accessories when installing.
When using a communicating control with the fan coil or the
furnace, dip switch adjustments are not necessary. The outdoor
unit configuration and the indoor airflows are determined by
communicating control setup.
Start−Up
!
CAUTION
UNIT OPERATION AND SAFETY HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury,
equipment damage or improper operation.
Observe the following:
1. Do not overcharge system with refrigerant.
2. Do not operate unit in a vacuum or at negative pressure.
3. Do not disable low pressure switch
4. Dome temperatures may be hot.
!
CAUTION
PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury.
Wear safety glasses, protective clothing, and gloves when
handling refrigerant.
!
CAUTION
ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in environmental
damage.
Federal regulations require that you do not vent
refrigerant to the atmosphere. Recover during system
repair or final unit disposal.
Follow these steps to properly start up the system:
1. After system is evacuated, fully open liquid and vapor service valves.
2. Close electrical disconnects to energize system.
3. Set room thermostat or User Interface at desired temperature. Be sure set point is below indoor ambient temperature
and is set low enough to energize desired stage.
4. Set room thermostat or User Interface to HEAT or COOL
and fan control to AUTO or ON, as desired. Wait for appropriate time delay(s). Operate unit for 15 minutes. Check refrigerant charge.
NOTE:
Systems using only a non−communicating
(non−Evolution) thermostat, Bryant electronic thermostats are
equipped with a 15−minute staging timer. This timer prevents the
two−stage system from operating at high stage until unit has been
operating in low stage for 15 minutes, unless there is at least a ±5°F
(±2.8°C) difference between room temperature and thermostat set
point. To force high stage (after a minimum of 2 minutes in low
stage), adjust the set point at least ±5°F (±2.8°C) below room
ambient.
System Functions And Sequence Of Operation
The 286B/289B models utilize either an Evolution
Communicating User Interface or a 2-stage heat pump thermostat.
With a call for first stage cooling, the outdoor fan and low-stage
compressor are energized. If low-stage cannot satisfy cooling
demand, high-stage is energized by the second stage of indoor
thermostat. After second stage is satisfied, the unit returns to
low-stage operation until first stage is satisfied or until second stage
is required again.
When both first stage and second stage cooling are satisfied, the
compressor will shut off. When a 2-stage unit is operating at
low-stage, system vapor (suction) pressure will be higher than a
standard single-stage system or high-stage operation.
When the outdoor ambient is more the 100F (37.8C), the
outdoor fan will continue to run for one minute after compressor
shuts off. This reduces pressure differential for easier starting in
the next cycle.
With non−communicating (non−Evolution) systems, with first
stage of cooling, Y1 and O are powered on; and with second stage
of cooling, Y1, Y2, and O are on. For these systems, with first
stage of heating Y1 is on and for second stage of heating, Y1 and
Y2 are on. When the reversing valve is energized, O is powered
on.
6
Time Delays
For Evolution Control only, Green communications (COMM)
Light
A green LED (COMM light) on the outdoor board (see Fig. 6)
indicates successful communication with the other system
products. The green LED will remain OFF until communication is
established. Once a valid command is received, the green LED will
turn ON continuously. If no communication is received within 2
minutes, the LED will be turned OFF until the next valid
communication.
Amber Status Light
An amber colored STATUS light is used to display the operation
mode and fault codes as specified in the troubleshooting section.
See Table 6 for codes and definitions.
NOTE: Only one code will be displayed on the outdoor unit
control board (the most recent, with the highest priority).
The unit time delays include:
Five minute time delay to start cooling or heating operation
when there is a call from the thermostat or user interface. To
bypass this feature, momentarily short and release Forced
Defrost pins.
Five minute compressor re−cycle delay on return from a
brown−out condition.
Two minute time delay to return to standby operation from last
valid communication (with Evolution only).
One minute time delay of outdoor fan at termination of cooling
mode when outdoor ambient is greater than or equal to 100F
(37.78C).
Fifteen second delay at termination of defrost before the
auxiliary heat (W1) is de−energized.
Twenty second delay at termination of defrost before the outdoor
fan is energized (unless fan delay defeated).
70 and 60 second compressor delays when Quiet Shift−2
enabled.
There is no delay between staging from low to high and from
high to low capacity. The compressor will change from low to
high and from high to low capacity “on the fly” to meet the
demand.
Crankcase Heater Operation
The crankcase heater is de-energized when the compressor is
running. The crankcase heater is energized when the compressor is
off and the ambient is less than 42F (5.55C). When the ambient
temperature is between 65F (18.33C) and 42F (5.55C) the
crankcase heater is energized 30 minutes after the compressor is
turned off. When the ambient is above 65F (18.33C), the
crankcase heater remains de-energized after the compressor is
turned off.
Outdoor Fan Motor Operation
The outdoor unit control energizes the outdoor fan any time the
compressor is operating except for low−ambient cooling operation.
The outdoor fan remains energized if a pressure switch or
compressor overload should open. Outdoor fan motor will
continue to operate for one minute after the compressor shuts off
when the outdoor ambient is greater than or equal to 100F
(37.78C) to reduce pressure differential for easier starting on next
cycle.
On 286B models − The outdoor fan motor is a PSC type. A fan
relay on the control board turns the fan off and on by opening and
closing a high voltage circuit to the motor. It does not change
speeds between low and high stage operation.
On 289B models − The outdoor fan is an ECM type. The motor
control is continuously powered with high voltage. The motor
speed is determined by electrical pulses provided by the PWM
outputs on the control board. The ECM motor RPM adjusts to
outdoor conditions as described in Table 3. The PWM output can
be measured between the PWM1 and PWM2 terminals on the
circuit board with a volt meter set to DC volts.
Table 3 – Outdoor Fan Motor PWM
Outdoor Temp (DC volts, Tolerance +/− 2%)
MODEL
289B024
289B036
289B048
289B060
LOW-STAGE
HIGH-STAGE
(OAT≤104F/40C)
(OAT≤104F/40C)
8.72
9.06
9.91
10.83
9.35
10.23
11.04
11.70
LOW- &
HIGH-STAGE
Compressor Operation:
The basic scroll design has been modified with the addition of an
internal unloading mechanism that opens a by−pass port in the first
compression pocket, effectively reducing the displacement of the
scroll. The opening and closing of the by−pass port is controlled
by an internal electrically operated solenoid. The modulated scroll
uses a single step of unloading to go from full capacity to
approximately 67% capacity.
A single speed, high efficiency motor continues to run while the
scroll modulates between the two capacity steps. Modulation is
achieved by venting a portion of the gas in the first suction pocket
back to the low side of the compressor, thereby reducing the
effective displacement of the compressor.
Full capacity is achieved by blocking these vents, thus increasing
the displacement to 100%. A DC solenoid in the compressor
controlled by a rectified 24 volt AC signal in the external solenoid
plug moves the slider ring that covers and uncovers these vents.
The vent covers are arranged in such a manner that the compressor
operates at approximately 67% capacity when the solenoid is not
energized and 100% capacity when the solenoid is energized. The
loading and unloading of the two step scroll is done ”on the fly”
without shutting off the motor between steps.
NOTE: 67% compressor capacity translates to approximately
75% cooling or heating capacity at the indoor coil.
The compressor will always start unloaded and stay unloaded for
five seconds even when the thermostat is calling for high stage
capacity.
(OAT>104F/40C)
11.90
11.90
11.90
11.90
NOTE:
For 289B models in low-ambient cooling, the PWM output for both highand low-stage equals the value for low-stage operation below 55F
(12.8C).
In low ambient cooling (below 55F/12.78C) on 286B and 289B
models, the control board cycles the fan off and on.
7
286B / 289B
Communication and Status Function Lights
A B C
A B C
286B / 289B
A B C
A B C
UTILITY RELAY
*
UTILITY SIGNAL
OPEN RELAY
LLS
Liquid Line Solenoid
* SUPPLIED BY UTILITY PROVIDER
A12260
A12261
Fig. 6 − 2−Stage Control Board
GENERAL INFORMATION
Evolution Controlled low ambient cooling:
This unit is capable of low ambient cooling down to 0°F (−17.8°C)
without a kit ONLY when using an Evolution Control. A low
ambient kit is not required for Evolution controlled low ambient
operation. The Evolution Control provides an automatic
evaporator freeze thermostat. Low ambient cooling must be
enabled in the User Interface setup. Fan may not begin to cycle
until about 40°F (4.4°C) OAT. Fan will cycle based on coil and
outdoor air temperature.
Evolution controlled low ambient mode operates as follows:
Fan is OFF when outdoor coil temperature is less than outdoor air
temperature (+ 3 F/1.7C) or outdoor fan has been ON for 30
minutes. (Fan is turned off to allow refrigerant system to stabilize.)
Fan is ON when outdoor coil temperature is less than outdoor air
temperature (+25F/13.9C) or outdoor coil temperature is more
than 80F (26.7C) or if outdoor fan has been OFF for 30 minutes.
(Fan is turned on to allow refrigerant system to stabilize.)
Low pressure switch is ignored for first 3 minutes during low
ambient start up. After 3 minutes, if LPS trips, then outdoor fan
motor is turned off for 10 minutes, with the compressor running. If
LPS closes within 10 minutes then cooling continues with the
outdoor fan cycling per the coil temperature routine listed above
for the remainder of the cooling cycle. If the LPS does not close
within 10 minutes, then the normal LPS trip response (shut down
cooling operation and generate LPS trip error) will occur.
Defrost
This control offers 5 possible defrost interval times: 30, 60, 90, 120
minutes, or AUTO.
Defrost intervals are selected by dip switches on the unit control
board or by the Evolution Control User Interface. The Evolution
Control selection overrides the control board dip switch settings.
Defrost interval times: 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes or AUTO are
selected by the Evolution Control User Interface (the dip switches
are not used.)
AUTO defrost adjusts the defrost interval time based on the last
defrost time as follows:
When defrost time <3 minutes, the next defrost interval=120
minutes.
When defrost time 3−5 minutes, the next defrost interval=90
minutes.
When defrost time 5−7 minutes, the next defrost interval=60
minutes.
When defrost time >7 minutes, the next defrost interval=30
minutes.
The control board accumulates compressor run time. As the
accumulated run time approaches the selected defrost interval time,
the control board monitors the coil temperature sensor for a defrost
demand. If a defrost demand exists, a defrost cycle will be initiated
at the end of the selected time interval. A defrost demand exists
when the coil temperature is at or below 32F (0C) for 4 minutes
during the interval.
The defrost cycle is terminated when the coil temperature reaches
65F (18.33C)or 10 minutes has passed. When OAT is > 25°F
(−3.9°C), defrost will occur in low or high stage as demanded by
the thermostat or User Interface.
If OAT is ≤25°F (3.9C), defrost will occur in high stage only,
regardless of thermostat or User Interface demand, and will
terminate at 50F (10C) coil temperature with a minimum of 2.5
minutes in defrost.
If the coil temperature does not reach 32F (0C) within the
interval, the interval timer will be reset and start over.
Upon initial power up the first defrost interval is defaulted to 30
minutes. Remaining intervals are at selected times.
Defrost is only allowed to occur below 50F (10C) outdoor
ambient temperature.
The outdoor fan output (ODF) will remain off for 20 seconds after
termination. This delay will allow time for the system to capture
the heat from the outdoor coil and reduce the “steam cloud” effect
that may occur on transition from defrost to heating cycle. The
outdoor fan output OFF delay of 20 seconds may be defeated to
enable the fan to energize immediately at the time of termination
and 12 seconds prior to the reversing valve de−energizing through
the
User
Interface
setup
screen
(available
with
SYSTXBBUID01−C), or forced defrost pins as follows:
The ODF fan delay defeat can be toggled by shorting the forced
defrost pins for >15 seconds while in the standby mode (status
LED on solid). The LED will start to flash when the toggle has
taken place.
8
Defrost Hold
On a non−communicating system, if the thermostat becomes
satisfied (Y1 or Y1 and Y2) before the defrost cycle is terminated,
the control will “hold” in defrost mode and finish the defrost cycle
on the next call for heat.
On models with communicating Evolution Control, defrost hold is
not needed because the User Interface will complete the defrost
cycle before shutting down the system.
Forced Defrost
On a system with non−communicating (non−Evolution) control,
forced defrost can be initiated by manually shorting the 2−pin
header labeled FORCED DEFROST (see Fig 6) on the control
board for 5 seconds then releasing.
On a system with communicating (Evolution) control, forced
defrost is initiated with the User Interface.
On all models, during a Forced Defrost:
If coil temperature is at defrost temperature of 32F (0C), and
outdoor air temperature is below 50F (10C), a full defrost
sequence will occur.
If coil temperature or outdoor air temperature does not meet the
above requirements, an abbreviated 30 second defrost will occur.
Quiet Shift−2
Quiet Shift−2 is a field selectable defrost mode which may
eliminate occasional noise that could be heard at the start and finish
of the defrost cycle.
On a non−communicating system, this feature must be enabled by
selecting the 3rd position of the 3−position dip switch on the
outdoor control board. For communicating systems, it must be
enabled at the User Interface. When activated, the following
sequence of operation occurs:
Defrost Initiation – The compressor is de−energized for 70
seconds. During this 70 second compressor off time, the reversing
valve will be energized. Once the 70 second compressor off time
has been reached, the compressor will be energized then the
outdoor fan will be de−energized at which time the normal defrost
cycle begins.
Defrost Termination – the outdoor fan will be energized shortly
before the compressor is de−energized for 60 seconds. During the
compressor 60 second off time, the reversing valve will be
de−energized. Once the 60 second compressor off time has been
completed, the compressor will be energized at which time the
system will be in normal heat mode.
Liquid−Line Solenoid Accessory
In heat pump long−line applications, a liquid−line solenoid is
required to control refrigerant migration in the heating mode. The
solenoid should be installed near the outdoor unit with the arrow
facing the outdoor unit. This is the direction of flow control. See
application manual for long−line application details.
Accessory Liquid Solenoid with Evolution Communicating
Control: When using the Evolution Control, the liquid−line
solenoid output is provided at the Y1 connection. Connect the
solenoid as shown in the wiring label diagram. This is a 24vac
output that is energized whenever the compressor is energized. It
closes, in the compressor off mode, to prevent refrigerant migration
into the unit through the liquid−line.
On Systems with Accessory Liquid Solenoid Using a
Non−Communicating Thermostat: The liquid solenoid is
connect to the Y1 and C terminal connections (see Fig. 6) and
assumes that both Y2 and Y1 are energized by the thermostat
during call for high stage operation. The liquid solenoid closes, in
the compressor off mode, to prevent refrigerant migration into the
unit through the liquid−line.
Check Charge
Charged in high stage only
Factory charge amount and desired subcooling are shown on unit
rating plate for high stage. Charging method is shown on
information plate inside unit. To properly check or adjust charge,
conditions must be favorable for subcooling charging. Favorable
conditions exist when the outdoor temperature is between 70F
and 100F (21.11C and 37.78C), and the indoor temperature is
between 70F and 80F (21.11C and 26.67C). Follow the
procedure below:
Unit is factory charged for 15ft (4.57 m) of lineset. Adjust charge
by adding or removing 0.6 oz/ft (17.74 g/m) of 3/8 liquid line
above or below 15ft (4.57 m) respectively.
For standard refrigerant line lengths (80 ft/24.38 m or less), allow
system to operate in cooling mode at least 15 minutes. If conditions
are favorable, check system charge by subcooling method. If any
adjustment is necessary, adjust charge slowly and allow system to
operate for 15 minutes to stabilize before declaring a properly
charged system.
If the indoor temperature is above 80F (26.67C), and the
outdoor temperature is in the favorable range, adjust system charge
by weight based on line length and allow the indoor temperature to
drop to 80F (26.67C) before attempting to check system charge
by subcooling method as described above.
If the indoor temperature is below 70F (21.11C), or the outdoor
temperature is not in the favorable range, adjust charge for line set
length above or below 15ft (4.57 m) only. Charge level should then
be appropriate for the system to achieve rated capacity. The charge
level could then be checked at another time when the both indoor
and outdoor temperatures are in a more favorable range.
NOTE: If line length is beyond 80 ft (24.38 m) or greater than 20
ft (6.10 m) vertical separation, See Long Line Guideline for
special charging requirements.
Heating Check Chart Procedure
To check system operation during heating cycle, refer to the Heat
Pump Charging Instructions label on outdoor unit. This chart
indicates whether a correct relationship exists between system
operating pressure and air temperature entering indoor and outdoor
units. If pressure and temperature do not match on chart, system
refrigerant charge may not be correct. Do not use chart to adjust
refrigerant charge.
NOTE: In heating mode, check refrigerant charge only when
pressures are stable. If in doubt, remove charge and weigh in
correct refrigerant charge.
NOTE: When charging is necessary during heating season, charge
must be weighed in accordance with unit rating plate, ±0.6 oz./ft
(±17.74 g/m). of 3/8−in. liquid−line above or below 15 ft (4.57
m), respectively.
EXAMPLE:
To calculate additional charge required for a 25−ft. line set:
25 ft. − 15 ft. = 10 ft. X 0.6 oz./ft. = 6 oz. of additional charge.
9
286B / 289B
Status code 4 shows the fan delay defeat is active (no delay).
Status code 3 shows that it is not active (20 second delay).
The code will continue to be displayed until after the short is
removed. There is a 5 second wait before the code is cancelled
once the short is removed. The code that is flashing will finish
before going back to solid LED. The control is shipped with the
ODF fan delay defeat NOT active.
The change in status is remembered until toggled to a new status.
A power down/power up sequence will not reset the status. It may
be necessary to do the toggle twice to cycle to the desired state of
the defeat.
MAJOR COMPONENTS
2−Stage Control Board
The HP control board controls the following functions:
High and low stage compressor contactor operation
Outdoor fan motor operation
Reversing valve operation
Defrost operation
Low ambient cooling
Crankcase heater operation
Compressor external protection
Pressure switch monitoring
Time Delays
286B / 289B
Field Connections
On non−communicating (non−Evolution) system, the two−stage
control receives 24vac low−voltage control system inputs through
the Y1, Y2, and O connections located at the bottom of the control
board (see Fig. 6.) On a non−communicating system, output W1 is
connected to the control board for auxiliary heat.
For a communicating system, use the AB Evolution connections.
Two Stage Compressor
The two stage compressor contains motor windings that provide
2−pole (3500 RPM) operation.
Compressor Internal Relief
The compressor is protected by an internal pressure relief (IPR)
which relieves discharge gas into the compressor shell when
differential between suction and discharge pressure exceeds
550−625 psi. The compressor is also protected by an internal
overload attached to motor windings.
Compressor Control Contactor
The contactor has a 24volt coil. The electronic control board
controls the operation of the contactor.
TROUBLESHOOTING
If the compressor fails to operate with a cooling call, the table
below (Resistance table) can be used to verify if there is any
damage to the compressor windings causing system malfunction.
Table 4 – Winding Resistance
Winding
024
Start
(S-C)
Run
(R-C)
Winding resistance at 70_F +/- 20_F
(21.11_C +/- 11.11_C)
036
048
060
1.64
1.52
1.86
1.63
1.30
0.88
0.52
0.39
The model plug is used to identify the type and size of unit to the
control.
On new units, the model and serial numbers are input into the
board’s memory at the factory. If a model plug is lost or missing at
initial installation, the unit will operate according to the
information input at the factory and the appropriate error code will
flash temporarily. An RCD replacement board contains no model
and serial information. If the factory control board fails, the model
plug must be transferred from the original board to the replacement
board for the unit to operate.
NOTE: The model plug takes priority over factory model
information input at the factory. If the model plug is removed after
initial power up, the unit will operate according to the last valid
model plug installed, and flash the appropriate fault code
temporarily.
Pressure Switch Protection
The outdoor unit is equipped with high− and low−pressure
switches. If the control senses the opening of a high− or
low−pressure switch, it will respond as follows:
1. De−energize the compressor contactor.
2. Keep the outdoor fan operating for 15 minutes.
3. Display the appropriate fault code (see Table 6).
4. After a 15 minute delay, if there is a call for cooling or heating and LPS or HPS is reset, the compressor contactor is
energized.
5. If LPS or HPS has not closed after a 15 minute delay, the
outdoor fan is turned off. If the open switch closes anytime
after the 15 minute delay, then resume operation with a call
for cooling or heating.
6. If LPS or HPS trips 3 consecutive cycles, the unit operation
is locked out for 4 hours.
7. In the event of a high−pressure switch trip or high−pressure
lockout, check the refrigerant charge, outdoor fan operation,
and outdoor coil (in cooling) for airflow restrictions, or indoor airflow in heating.
8. In the event of a low−pressure switch trip or low−pressure
lockout, check the refrigerant charge and indoor airflow
(cooling) and outdoor fan operation and outdoor coil in
heating.
Control Fault
If the outdoor unit control board has failed, the control will flash
the appropriate fault code (see Table 6). The control board should
be replaced.
Brown−Out Protection
Systems Communication Failure
If communication with the Evolution control is lost with the User
Interface, the control will flash the appropriate fault code. (See
Table 6.) Check the wiring to the User Interface and the indoor and
outdoor units.
Model Plug
If the line voltage is less than 187v for at least 4 seconds, the
appropriate compressor contactor and fan relay are de−energized.
Compressor and fan operation are not allowed until voltage is a
minimum of 190v. The control will flash the appropriate fault code
(see Table 6).
230V Brown−Out Protection Defeated
Each control board contains a model plug. The correct model plug
must be installed for or the system to operate properly. (See Table
5.)
Table 5 – Model Plug Information
MODEL
NUMBER
MODEL PLUG
NUMBER
286BNA024
286BNA036
286BNA048
286BNA060
289BNA024
289BNA036
289BNA048
289BNA060
HK70EZ041
HK70EZ043
HK70EZ045
HK70EZ047
HK70EZ010
HK70EZ012
HK70EZ014
HK70EZ016
PIN RESISTANCE
(K-ohms)
Pins 1-4
Pins 2-3
18
18
18
18
5.1
5.1
5.1
11
91
150
220
360
120
180
270
5.1
The brownout feature can be defeated if needed for severe noisy
power conditions. This defeat should always be a last resort to
solving the problem. Defeat is available on the User Interface
setup screen (available with SYSTXBBUID01−C), or can be
initiated through the forced defrost pins for non−communicating
systems as follows:
The brownout toggle is accomplished by sorting the defrost pins
from power up with the OAT and OCT sensor connector removed.
After 3 seconds, the status of the force defrost short and the
OAT/OCT as open will be checked. If correct, then the brownout
will be toggled.
Status code 6 shows the brownout is disabled.
Status code 5 shows the brownout is active.
10
If there is no 230v at the compressor contactor(s) when the indoor
unit is powered and cooling or heating demand exists, the
appropriate fault code is displayed. Verify the disconnect is closed
and 230v wiring is connected to the unit.
Compressor Voltage Sensing
The control board input terminals labeled VS and L2 (see Fig. 6)
are used to detect compressor voltage status and alert the user of
potential problems. The control continuously monitors the high
voltage on the run capacitor of the compressor motor. Voltage
should be present any time the compressor contactor is energized
and voltage should not be present when the contactor is
de−energized.
Contactor Shorted Detection
If there is compressor voltage sensed when there is no demand for
compressor operation, the contactor may be stuck closed or there
may be a wiring error. The control will flash the appropriate fault
code.
If the control senses the compressor voltage after start−up and is
then absent for 10 consecutive seconds while cooling or heating
demand exists, the thermal protector is open. The control
de−energizes the compressor contactor for 15 minutes, but
continues to operate the outdoor fan. The control Status LED will
flash the appropriate code shown in Table 6. After 15 minutes,
with a call for low or high stage cooling or heating, the compressor
contactor is energized. If the thermal protector has not re−set, the
outdoor fan is turned off. If the call for cooling or heating
continues, the control will energize the compressor contactor every
15 minutes. If the thermal protector closes, (at the next 15 minute
interval check) the unit will resume operation.
If the thermal cutout trips for three consecutive cycles, then unit
operation is locked out for 4 hours and the appropriate fault code is
displayed.
The unloader is the compressor internal mechanism, controlled by
the DC solenoid, that modulates between high and low stage. If it
is suspected that the unloader is not working, the following
methods may be used to verify operation.
1. Operate the system and measure compressor amperage.
Cycle the unloader on and off at 30 second plus intervals at
the User Interface (from low to high stage and back to low
stage). Wait 5 seconds after staging to high before taking a
reading. The compressor amperage should go up or down
at least 20 percent.
2. If the expected result is not achieved, remove the solenoid
plug from the compressor and with the unit running and the
User Interface or thermostat calling for high stage, test the
voltage output at the plug with a DC voltmeter. The reading should be 24 volts DC.
3. If the correct DC voltage is at the control circuit molded
plug, measure the compressor unloader coil resistance. The
resistance should be approximately 330 or 1640 ohms depending on unloader coil supplier. If the coil resistance is
infinite or is grounded, the compressor must be replaced.
Temperature Thermistors
Thermistors are electronic devices which sense temperature. As the
temperature increases, the resistance decreases. Thermistors are
used to sense outdoor air (OAT) and coil temperature (OCT).
Refer to Fig. 7 for resistance values versus temperature.
THERMISTOR CURVE
90
80
Troubleshooting units for proper switching between
low & high stages
Check the suction pressures at the service valves. Suction pressure
should be reduced by 3−10% when switching from low to high
capacity.
Compressor current should increase 20 to 45% when switching
from low to high stage. The compressor solenoid when energized
in high stage, should measure 24vac across pin numbers PL5−2 HI
and PL5−5 C . When the compressor is operating in low stage, the
24v DC compressor solenoid coil is de−energized. When the
compressor is operating in high stage, the 24v DC solenoid coil is
energized.
The solenoid plug harness that is connected to the compressor has
an internal rectifier that converts the 24v AC signal to 24v DC.
DO NOT INSTALL A PLUG WITHOUT AN INTERNAL
RECTIFIER.
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
0
(-17.77)
20
(-6.67)
40
(4.44)
60
(15.56)
80
(26.67)
100
(37.78)
120
(48.89)
TEMPERATURE °F (°C)
A08054
Fig. 7 − Resistance Values Versus Temperature
No 230V at Compressor Contactor
If the compressor voltage is not sensed when the compressor
should be starting, the appropriate contactor may be stuck open or
there is a wiring error. The control will flash the appropriate fault
code. Check the contactor and control box wiring.
70
If the outdoor air or coil thermistor should fail, the control will
flash the appropriate fault code. (See Table 6.)
IMPORTANT: The outdoor air thermistor and coil thermistor
should be factory mounted in the final locations. Check to ensure
thermistors are mounted properly per Fig. 8 and Fig. 9.
Thermistor Sensor Comparison
The control continuously monitors and compares the outdoor air
temperature sensor and outdoor coil temperature sensor to ensure
proper operating conditions. The comparison is:
In cooling if the outdoor air sensor indicates ≥ 10F
(≥ 5.6C) warmer than the coil sensor (or) the outdoor air sensor
indicates ≥ 20F (≥ 11C) cooler than the coil sensor, the
sensors are out of range.
In heating if the outdoor air sensor indicates ≥ 35F (≥ 19.4C)
warmer than the coil sensor (or) the outdoor air sensor indicates
≥ 10F (≥ 5.6C) cooler than the coil sensor, the sensors are out
of range.
If the sensors are out of range, the control will flash the appropriate
fault code as shown in Table 6.
11
286B / 289B
230V Line (Power Disconnect) Detection
Unloader Test Procedure
RESISTANCE (KOHMS)
After the brownout defeat is set, power down and reinstall the
OAT/OCT sensor and remove the short from the forced defrost
pins. As long as the short on the forced defrost remains, the OAT
and OCT faults will not be cleared. The code will continue to be
flashed.
The control is shipped with the brownout active. The change in
status is remembered until toggled to a new status. A power
down/power up sequence will not reset the status. it may be
necessary to do the toggle twice to cycle to the desired state of the
defeat.
The thermistor comparison is not performed during low ambient
cooling or defrost operation.
286B / 289B
Failed Thermistor Default Operation
Factory defaults have been provided in the event of failure of
outdoor air thermistor (OAT) and/or outdoor coil thermistor
(OCT).
If the OAT sensor should fail, low ambient cooling will not be
allowed and the one−minute outdoor fan off delay will not occur.
Defrost will be initiated based on coil temperature and time.
If the OCT sensor should fail, low ambient cooling will not be
allowed. Defrost will occur at each time interval during heating
operation, but will terminate after 5 minutes.
If there is a thermistor out of range error, defrost will occur at each
time interval during heating operation, but will terminate after 5
minutes.
Count the number of short and long flashes to determine the
appropriate flash code. Table 6 gives possible causes and actions
related to each error.
Status Codes
Table 6 shows the status codes flashed by the amber status light.
Most system problems can be diagnosed by reading the status code
as flashed by the amber status light on the control board.
The codes are flashed by a series of short and long flashes of the
status light. The short flashes indicate the first digit in the status
code, followed by long flashes indicating the second digit of the
error code.
The short flash is 0.25 seconds ON and the long flash is 1.0 second
ON. Time between flashes is 0.25 seconds. Time between short
flash and first long flash is 1.0 second. Time between code
repeating is 2.5 seconds with LED OFF.
EXAMPLE:
3 short flashes followed by 2 long flashes indicates a 32 code.
Table 6 shows this to be low pressure switch open.
OAT Thermistor must be
locked in place with spherical nib end facing towards
the front of the control box
NO
USE
A12263
Fig. 8 − Outdoor Air Thermistor (OAT) Attachment
OCT Thermistor
must be secured
tight on stub tube.
Fig. 9 − Outdoor Coil Thermistor (OCT) Attachment
12
Table 6 – TROUBLESHOOTING
Standby – no call for unit operation
None
Low Stage Cool/Heat Operation
None
AMBER LED
FLASH
CODE
On solid, no
flash
1, pause
High Stage Cool/Heat Operation
None
2, pause
Normal operation
FAULT
Normal operation
Normal operation
Brown out protection is Disabled
None
5, pause
User made selection, see instructions for more detail
Brown out protection is Active
None
6, Pause
User made selection, see instructions for more detail
System Commu­
nications Failure
16
Invalid Model Plug
25
Control does not detect a model plug or detects an invalid model plug. Unit
will not operate without correct model plug.
High Pressure
Switch Open
31*
High-pressure switch trip. Check refrigerant charge, outdoor fan operation
and coils for airflow restrictions.
Low Pressure
Switch or Dis­
charge Temp
Switch Open
32*
Low-pressure switch or discharge temperature switch trip. Check refrigerant
charge and indoor air flow.
Control Fault
45
Outdoor unit control board has failed. Control board needs to be replaced.
Brown Out (230 v)
46
Line voltage < 187v for at least 4 seconds. Compressor and fan operation
not allowed until voltage>190v. Verify line voltage.
No 230v at Unit
47
There is no 230v at the contactor when indoor unit is powered and cooling/
heating demand exists. Verify the disconnect is closed and 230v wiring is
connected to the unit.
Outdoor Air Temp
Sensor Fault
53
Outdoor air sensor not reading or out of range. Ohm out sensor and check
wiring.
55
Coil sensor not reading or out of range. Ohm out sensor and check wiring.
Outdoor Coil
Sensor Fault
Thermistors out of
range
56
Low Stage
Thermal Cutout
71*
High Stage
Thermal Cutout
72*
Contactor Shorted
73
No 230V at
Compressor
Low Stage
Thermal Lockout
High Stage
Thermal Lockout
Low-Pressure
Lockout
High-Pressure
Lockout
*
POSSIBLE CAUSE AND ACTION
74
81
82
83
84
Communication with User Interface lost. Check wiring to User Interface,
indoor and outdoor units
Improper relationship between coil sensor and outdoor air sensor. Ohm out
sensors and check wiring.
Compressor operation detected then disappears while low stage demand
exists. Possible causes are internal compressor overload trip or start relay
and capacitor held in circuit too long (if installed).
Compressor operation detected then disappears while high stage demand
exists. Possible causes are internal compressor overload trip or start relay
and capacitor held in circuit too long (if installed).
Compressor voltage sensed when no demand for compressor operation
exists. Contactor may be stuck closed or there is a wiring error.
Compressor voltage not sensed when compressor should be starting. Con­
tactor may be stuck open or there is a wiring error.
Thermal cutout occurs in three consecutive low/high stage cycles. Low
stage locked out for 4 hours or until 24v power recycled.
Thermal cutout occurs in three consecutive high/low stage cycles. High
stage locked out for 4 hours or until 24v power recycled.
Low pressure switch trip has occurred during 3 consecutive cycles. Unit
operation locked out for 4 hours or until 24v power recycled.
High pressure switch trip has occurred during 3 consecutive cycles. Unit
operation locked out for 4 hours or until 24v power recycled.
Sequence: Compressor contactor is de-energized and outdoor fan is energized for up to 15 minutes. If demand still exists, control will energize compressor contactor after 15 minute
delay. If fault is cleared, unit will resume operation. If fault still exists, fan shuts off, and error code continues to flash. Control will attempt re-start every 15 minutes. Cycling low voltage
defeats the 15 minute delay.
13
286B / 289B
OPERATION
Fan Coil
Heat Pump
O
O
RVS Cooling
O/B W2
W1
W1
Heat Stage 3
W/W1
W2
Heat/Cool Stage 1
Y1 / W2
Y1
Y1
Heat/Cool Stage 2
Y/Y2
Y/Y2
Y2
Thermidistat
Furnace
O/B W2
W2
Heat Stage 3 (furnace)
W/W1
W/W1
Heat/Cool Stage 1
Y1 / W2
Y1
Y1
Heat/Cool Stage 2
Y/Y2
Y/Y2
Y2
Fan
G
G
Fan
G
G
24VAC Hot Heating
Rh
R
24VAC Hot Heating
Rh
R
24VAC Hot Cooling
Rc
24VAC Hot Cooling
Rc
Dry Contact 1
D1
Dry Contact 1
D1
Dry Contact 2
D2
DH
Dry Contact 2
D2
DHUM
24VAC Common
C
C
24VAC Common
C
COM
Humidify
HUM
Humidify
HUM
Outdoor Air Temp
OAT
Outdoor Air Temp
OAT
Remote Room Sensor
RRS
OAT/RRS Com
SRTN
J1 Jumper
on Control Board
C
Humidifier Solenoid
Valve
Outdoor Sensor
RRS
OAT/RRS Com
SRTN
C
Outdoor Sensor
Remote Room
Sensor
A12264
A12265
Fig. 10 − Thermidistat Models T6−PRH−01 or T6−NRH−01)
Wiring with 2−Stage Heat Pump (non−communicating)
Fig. 11 − Thermidistat Model T6−PRH−01 or T6−NRH−01 with
Variable Speed Furnace and 2−Stage Heat Pump
(non−communicating)
Furnace or Fan Coil
Communicating HP
D
C
C
C
B
B
B
A
A
A
HUM
C
W
O
Y
R
OAT
D
Humidifier
W1
Humidifier Solenoid
Valve
Remote Room Sensor
Remote Room
Sensor
User Interface
Heat Pump
O
RVS Cooling
J2 Jumper
on Control Board
24vac C
286B / 289B
Thermidistat
A12266
Fig. 12 − Variable Speed Furnace or Fan Coil Wiring with Communicating 2−Stage HP
LEGEND
24v Factory Wiring
24v Field Wiring
Field Splice Connection
A09306
14
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
For continuing high performance and to minimize possible
equipment failure, periodic maintenance must be performed on this
equipment.
Frequency of maintenance may vary depending upon geographic
areas, such as coastal applications. See Owner’s Manual for
information.
286B / 289B
FINAL CHECKS
IMPORTANT: Before leaving job, be sure to do the following:
1. Ensure that all wiring is routed away from tubing and sheet
metal edges to prevent rub−through or wire pinching.
2. Ensure that all wiring and tubing is secure in unit before
adding panels and covers. Securely fasten all panels and
covers.
3. Tighten service valve stem caps to 1/12−turn past finger
tight.
4. Leave Users Manual with owner. Explain system operation
and periodic maintenance requirements outlined in manual.
5. Fill out Dealer Installation Checklist and place in
customer file.
15
PURONR (R−410A) REFRIGERANT QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE
286B / 289B
Puron refrigerant operates at 50−70 percent higher pressures than R−22. Be sure that servicing equipment and replacement
components are designed to operate with Puron refrigerant.
Puron refrigerant cylinders are rose colored.
Recovery cylinder service pressure rating must be 400 psig, DOT 4BA400 or DOT BW400.
Puron refrigerant systems should be charged with liquid refrigerant. Use a commercial type metering device in the manifold hose
when charging into suction line with compressor operating.
Manifold sets should be 700 psig high side and 180 psig low side with 550 psig low−side retard.
Use hoses with 700 psig service pressure rating.
Leak detectors should be designed to detect HFC refrigerant.
Puron refrigerant, as with other HFCs, is only compatible with POE oils.
Vacuum pumps will not remove moisture from oil.
Do not use liquid−line filter driers with rated working pressures less than 600 psig.
Do not leave Puron refrigerant suction line filter driers in line longer than 72 hours.
Do not install a suction−line filter drier in liquid−line.
POE oils absorb moisture rapidly. Do not expose oil to atmosphere.
POE oils may cause damage to certain plastics and roofing materials.
Wrap all filter driers and service valves with wet cloth when brazing.
A factory−approved liquid−line filter drier is required on every unit.
Do NOT use an R−22 TXV.
If indoor unit is equipped with an R−22 TXV or piston metering device, it must be changed to a hard−shutoff Puron refrigerant
TXV.
Never open system to atmosphere while it is under a vacuum.
When system must be opened for service, recover refrigerant, evacuate then break vacuum with dry nitrogen and replace filter
driers. Evacuate to 500 microns prior to recharging.
Do not vent Puron refrigerant into the atmosphere.
Do not use capillary tube coils.
Observe all warnings, cautions, and bold text.
All indoor coils must be installed with a hard−shutoff Puron refrigerant TXV metering device.
*
2015 Bryant Heating & Cooling Systems 7310 W. Morris St. Indianapolis, IN 46231
Edition Date: 03/15
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
16
Catalog No. II286-289B-07
Replaces: II286-289B-06