Tech-Design®
Digital Photography
Activity Guide
eSeries
Edition 1
38357-S0
FIRST EDITION
Second Printing, March 2011
Copyright 2010 Lab-Volt Systems, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted
in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopied, recorded, or otherwise, without prior written
permission from Lab-Volt Systems, Inc.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on
the part of Lab-Volt Systems, Inc. The Lab-Volt® software and other materials described in this document are
furnished under a license agreement or a nondisclosure agreement. The software may be used or copied only in
accordance with the terms of the agreement.
ISBN 978-1-60533-274-1
Lab-Volt®, Tech-Design® and Mind-Sight™ logos are registered trademarks of Lab-Volt Systems, Inc.
Adobe® Photoshop® Elements® is a product of Adobe Systems, Inc., copyright 2010. All rights reserved.
Lab-Volt recognizes product names as trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders.
Certain clipart and images used within this course are used with permission from:
Copyright© 2003 Microsoft Corporation, One Microsoft Way, Redmond, Washington 98052-6399, U.S.A.
All rights reserved.
www.ablestock.com. Copyright© 2003 Lab-Volt Systems, Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved.
www.comstock.com. All rights reserved.
Copyright 2009 JUPITERIMAGES, and its licensors http://www.photos.com/en/company/terms
CorelDRAW® 9. All rights reserved.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Other trademarks and trade names may be
used in this document to refer to either the entity claiming the marks and names or their products. Lab-Volt
Systems, Inc. disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own.
Lab-Volt License Agreement
By using Lab-Volt’s electronic training software whether
delivered via the internet, local area network, or by means of
portable data storage medium, you are agreeing to become
bound by the terms of this License Agreement, Limited
Warranty, and Disclaimer.
This License Agreement constitutes the complete agreement
between you and Lab-Volt. If you do not agree to the terms
of this agreement, do not use the software. Promptly return
any physical copies of the software and all other materials
that are part of Lab-Volt’s multimedia eSeries product
within ten days to Lab-Volt for a full refund or credit.
1. License Grant. In consideration of payment of the license
fee, which is part of the one time or subscription price you paid
for this Lab-Volt product, Lab-Volt, as Licensor, grants to you,
the Licensee, a nonexclusive, nontransferable license to use
this copy of the software with the corresponding curriculum
resources for the agreed purchased period. Lab-Volt reserves
all rights not expressly granted to the Licensee.
2. Ownership. As the Licensee, you own the physical media
on which the software is originally or subsequently recorded
or fixed, but Lab-Volt retains title to and ownership of the
software programs recorded on the original media and any
subsequent copies of the software, regardless of the form or
media in or on which the original and other copies may exist.
This license is not a sale of the original software program of
Lab-Volt’s software or any portion or copy of it.
3. Copy Restrictions. The software and the accompanying
materials are copyrighted and contain proprietary information
and trade secrets of Lab-Volt. You may make copies of the
software solely for backup purposes provided the copyright
notice is reproduced in its entirety on the backup copy.
Unauthorized copying of the software even if modified, merged,
or included with other software or with written materials is
expressly forbidden. You may be held legally responsible for
any infringement of Lab-Volt’s intellectual property rights that
is caused or encouraged by your failure to abide by the terms
of this agreement.
4. Permitted Uses. This software and all accompanying
documentation is licensed to you, the Licensee, and may
not be transferred to any third party for any length of time
without the prior written consent of Lab-Volt. You may adapt,
or create derivative works based on the Lab-Volt curriculum
product, but may not sell your derivative or adapted course
or share it with others outside of your school or department.
You are expressly forbidden to modify, translate, disassemble,
reverse engineer, or decompile, the Lab-Volt product without
the prior written permission of Lab-Volt. Lab-Volt can not be
held responsible for inaccurate, harmful, or offensive content
created by the user either directly or indirectly due to content
manipulation or content additions. Written materials provided
to you may not be modified, adapted, translated, or used to
create derivative works without the prior written consent of
Lab-Volt.
5. Termination. This agreement is effective until terminated.
It will terminate automatically without notice from Lab-Volt if
you fail to comply with any provisions contained herein. Upon
termination you shall destroy the written materials, Lab-Volt’s
software, and all copies of them, in part or in whole, including
modified copies, if any.
6. Registration. Registration of your purchased software
product is not a requirement. Lab-Volt may from time to time
update the software. Non service impacting changes will be
made at Lab-Volt’s discretion. Within the warranty period,
updates to your purchased media can be made available to you
upon request only if the requestor has an active subscription
with Lab-Volt or can provide proof of purchase of a non
subscription-based product. Return of the original product
may be a requirement to receive an updated version.
7. Miscellaneous. This agreement is governed by the laws of
the State of New Jersey.
Limited Warranty and Disclaimer
This software has been designed to assure correct operation
when used in the manner and within the limits described
in the provided product Installation & User’s Guide. As a
highly advanced software product, it is quite complex; thus,
it is possible that if it is used in hardware configurations with
characteristics other than those specified in the provided User’s
Guide or in environments with non-specified, unusual, or
incompatible software products, problems may be encountered
by a user. In such cases, Lab-Volt will make reasonable efforts
to assist the user to properly operate the software but without
guaranteeing its proper performance in any hardware or
software environment other than as described in the provided
User’s Guide.
This software is warranted to conform to the descriptions of
its functions and performance as outlined in the courseware
documentation. Upon proper notification and within a period
of one year from the date of installation and/or customer
acceptance, Lab-Volt, at its sole and exclusive option, will
remedy any nonconformity or replace any defective software
free of charge. Any substantial revisions of this product, made
for purposes of correcting software deficiencies within the
warranty period, will be made available, also on a licensed
basis, to registered owners free of charge. Warranty support for
this product is limited, in all cases, to software errors. Errors
caused by hardware malfunctions or the use of non-specified
hardware or other software are not covered.
LICENSOR MAKES NO OTHER WARRANTIES OF ANY
KIND CONCERNING THIS PRODUCT, INCLUDING
WARRANTIES OR MERCHANTABILITY OR OF FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. LICENSOR DISCLAIMS
ALL OBLIGATIONS AND LIABILITIES FOR DAMAGES,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO SPECIAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF OR
IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OF THE SOFTWARE
PRODUCT LICENSED UNDER THIS AGREEMENT.
Questions concerning this agreement and warranty and all
requests for product repairs should be directed to Lab-Volt
field representative in your area.
LAB-VOLT SYSTEMS, INC.
P.O. Box 686
Farmingdale, NJ 07727
Attention: Program Development
Phone: (732) 938-2000 or (800) LAB-VOLT
Fax: (732) 774-8573
Technical Support: (800) 522-4436
Technical Support E-Mail: techsupport@labvolt.com
Digital Photography
Table of Contents
Introduction...................................................................................................1
Framing Your Shot
Portrait Project............................................................................................3
Examining Digital Photography
Quick Edit....................................................................................................6
Defining the Process
Emotion Shots ...........................................................................................8
Cropping...................................................................................................10
Recognizing Composition Elements
Still Life.....................................................................................................12
Levels and Histograms.............................................................................14
Exploring Viewpoints
Viewpoints and Macros . ..........................................................................16
Layers and Effects....................................................................................18
Discovering Distance and Depth
Depth of Field Photos...............................................................................21
Photo Montage..........................................................................................24
Behind the Camera
Bracketing.................................................................................................26
Using Exposure Modes
Portrait Activity..........................................................................................28
Capturing Motion
Motion Activity...........................................................................................33
Creating Digital Compositions
Panorama Activity.....................................................................................39
Working with Layer Masks........................................................................43
Color Modes
Self-Portrait...............................................................................................46
All About Me Activity..................................................................................47
A Professional Portfolio
Commercial Photography Project.............................................................51
Completing Your Projects and Portfolio....................................................53
Appendix A—Safety...................................................................................55
Appendix B—Setting Up the Tripod..........................................................57
Appendix C—Using Adobe Photoshop Elements...................................59
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
vii
Table of Contents
Digital Photography
Activity Guide
viii
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Introduction
Introduction
This Activity Guide is to be used with the multimedia course presentation and the Student Guide. The
Activity Guide remains at the workstation and contains information and procedures that are specific to the
course. Please do not write in this Activity Guide. Record all of your notes and data in your own Student
Guide.
The multimedia course presentation will refer you to a specific activity title in this guide. Some units may
not have activities requiring directions in this Activity Guide, therefore that unit title will not appear in the
Table of Contents.
Tips for navigating the multimedia course presentation can be found in the Mind-Sight™ Lab-Volt®
Multimedia eTraining System Installation and User Guide (Mind-Sight Installation and User Guide).
In some of the activities in this Activity Guide, you will be using various precision selection tools to isolate
objects in your images. Adobe Elements provides a simplified tool, specific to this program, called the
Magic Selection Brush that you may use if time constraints require. (See Adobe Photoshop Elements
Help for directions on using this tool.) However, the skills you learn by using the more precise tools
discussed in these activities can be applied to most other image editing programs you will encounter in
the future.
NOTE: Depending on your computer’s operating system, each time you plug your
camera into the computer’s USB port to download images, a Removable Disk dialog box
may appear. Should this occur, click Cancel each time.
Directions
In Unit 4, you will be shooting and working with photos of objects, or “still life” photos. You are required
to bring in the objects for those photos. Start thinking about what you will bring in. The objects should be
simple in form and color and also unbreakable.
In Unit 5, you will be shooting photos of small objects using the camera’s macro feature. You are required
to bring in the objects for those photos. The objects should be very small and detailed, as well as
unbreakable. You will reuse these objects in Unit 6.
You are provided with a binder in which to store your photos and create a final portfolio. This binder is
yours to keep. A professional portfolio would contain plastic sheet protectors in which to store and protect
photos within the binder. While these are not included with this course, you are encouraged to purchase
them at a local office supply store
NOTE: If you have trouble with camera settings, or for instructions specific to your
camera, refer to the manual that came with your equipment.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
1
Introduction
Digital Photography
Equipment and Supplies
The following equipment and supplies are provided with the Digital Photography course:
____
Multimedia Presentation
____
Mind-Sight™ Lab-Volt® Multimedia eTraining System Installation and User Guide
____
Activity Guide
____
Student Guide
____
Adobe PhotoShop Elements Software
____
Three-ring Binder
____
Digital Photo Camera
____
USB Cable
____
Spare Battery
____
Tripod
____
Studio Light with Set-up
____
Gloves
____
Drape
____
Display Boards
____
Color Wheel
Consumables
____
Construction Paper
____
Photo Paper
____
Blank CD-R Spindle
Activity Guide
2
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Framing Your Shot
Portrait Project
You and your partner will each take three pictures:
• A wide angle shot where your partner is in view from head to toe, sitting or standing.
• A telephoto shot where you capture your partner from the chest up.
• A head shot where you zoom in so that only your partner’s head, neck, and shoulders are in the
shot.
Wide Angle Shot
Telephoto Shot
Head Shot
1. Find a location in your classroom or hallway (with your instructor’s permission) where you can take
your pictures undisturbed.
2. Set up the tripod and attach the base of the camera to the tripod head. (If you are unsure of how to
set up the tripod, see the Setting Up the Tripod appendix in this Activity Guide.)
3. Turn on the camera and check your battery power. If the battery is fully charged, no icon will appear
on the monitor. If the battery is losing charge, a battery level indicator will display in the upper right
area of the monitor. If the charge level gets too low, ask your instructor to replace the batteries.
4. Check the Shooting mode in the LCD panel. If necessary, press the Shooting mode button (next to
the Playback button) and set the camera to Auto mode.
5. Have your partner stand in the location you chose for your portrait.
6. Position the tripod so the camera is facing your partner and is at the proper height for you.
Note: To conserve battery power, the LCD panel will dim during shooting or playback if
no operations are performed. The LCD will brighten when any camera control is used.
7. Frame the picture in the LCD panel. Be sure you can see your partner from head to toe. If
necessary, press the wide angle (W) button to zoom out and increase the area visible in the frame.
If the camera doesn’t zoom out any further, and you still don’t have your partner fully in the frame,
move the tripod back, away from your partner.
8. Frame the image using the skills you learned in this unit and then shoot the picture.
Note: To set the focus and exposure, first press the shutter-release button halfway down.
Pause in this position to lock the settings. Finally, press the shutter-release the rest of the
way to capture the image.
9. Next, take the telephoto shot by zooming in using the telephoto (T) button. Remember, in this shot,
you want to get a closer image of your partner (from the chest to the top of the head) without moving
the tripod.
10. When you are ready, shoot the picture.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
3
Framing Your Shot
Digital Photography
11. The third picture you will shoot is the head shot (head, neck, and shoulders only). Press the T
button down to zoom in further than you did in the previous shot. Once you’ve reached maximum
magnification, you can zoom in further using the camera’s digital zoom. To do so, hold the T button
down.
12. Switch places with your partner and repeat the steps above.
13. Press the Playback button. Use the right and left part of the multi-selector to view your pictures.
Press the Shooting mode button to return to shooting mode.
14. If you are unhappy with any photos, and if you have the necessary time, re-shoot the photos.
Downloading images
1. When you are ready to download your images into Adobe Photoshop Elements, ask your instructor
for the USB cable.
2. The small end of the cable plugs into the side of the camera. Move the plastic cover aside to access
the A/V Out port.
3. Plug the other end of the cable into the USB port on your computer.
4. Your computer should recognize the new hardware connection and the Adobe Photo Downloader
will appear automatically on your screen.
5. In the dialog box that appears, under Get Photos from: select the camera you are using from the
drop-down list.
6. Click the Browse button to choose the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive.
Find the folder labeled with your last name.
7. In the Create Subfolder(s) area, click on the down arrow and choose Custom Name. In the text box,
name the folder “Unit 1XX”, where XX stands for your initials or your last name and first initial.
8. In the Rename Files area, click on the down arrow and choose Custom Name. This option assigns
the name you type in the text box to the photo files. It also adds on a number to the file name. For
example, enter your last name followed by the word Portrait in the text box. The photos will be
saved as Lastname Portrait001, 002, etc.
9. In the Delete Options area, choose After Copying, DO NOT Delete Originals and make sure Open
Organizer When Finished is checked.
10. Save the images by clicking the Get Photos button at the bottom of the dialog box.
11. If a dialog box appears asking if you want to organize your photos. Click NO. Two more information
boxes may appear, if so, click OK.
12. The Organizer displays the thumbnails of your photos. To see a larger view of a picture, double-click
the image. To return to the thumbnail view, double-click again.
Once all your images are downloaded, you must delete them from the Organizer. The images remain in
the folder you saved them to on the hard drive. If you don’t delete them from the Organizer, other students
will have access to the photos. Deleting the photos from the Organizer also minimizes the time it takes for
the program to open.
1. Select all the images in the Organizer by selecting one Image and then pressing Ctrl+A. Press the
Delete key.
2. A warning message appears, as shown in the picture below. DO NOT click the check box or your
images will be deleted from the hard drive. Just click the OK button to delete the images from the
Organizer only.
Activity Guide
4
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Framing Your Shot
Warning Message
3. When you are finished, exit the software. You will edit these images in the next unit.
4. Unplug the USB cable from the computer and from the camera. Return it to your instructor.
5. If necessary, turn the camera on. Press the Playback button to view your last image. There should
be no other images except yours stored in the camera’s memory. If other images exist, delete only
your images by pressing the Trash can button. The monitor will display “Erase 1 image(s)?” Use the
up or down parts of the multi-selector to choose Yes. Then press the center OK button on the multiselector to delete. Repeat this for each of your images.
6. If your images are the only ones stored in the camera’s memory, press the Playback button. Next,
press the Menu button on the camera. Use the up or down parts of the multi-selector and select
Delete. Then press the center OK button. Select Erase all images and press the center OK button.
7. Choose Yes on the Erasing all images screen and press the center OK button.
8. Turn off the camera and return it to your instructor.
9. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
5
Examining Digital Photography
Digital Photography
Quick Edit
1. Open the Photoshop Elements application. When the Welcome screen appears, click on EDIT.
2. Click the down arrow in the EDIT button and select EDIT Quick from the options listed, as shown in
the picture below.
Edit Options
3. Click File and select Open.
4. Find your folder in the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive. Double-click
your folder. Then double-click the Unit 1XX folder you created in the Framing Your Shot unit.
5. Your portrait files should appear in your folder. Hold the Ctrl key down and click once on each
filename so all your files are selected. Then click the Open button.
6. Your portrait photos open into a free floating window, and thumbnails of each image appear in the
Project Bin at the bottom of the screen. Just click on a photo to grab it and move it in the workspace.
You can move the photo you want to work on so that it appears in front of the others, or if the screen
is getting too crowded, you can minimize the photos that you are not working on, and maximize
and restore them when you are ready. You may notice that when you move the open photos, they
convert to tabs that appear above the current photo in the workspace. Click on the tabs to move
between photos; careful not to click on the X on the tab, this will close the photo.
Just below your main image is a View: drop-down list that allows you to choose how to view the main
image. The After Only option will display your image with the automatic adjustments you select. The
Before Only option allows you to view only your original (Before) image, without the changes you make.
The Before and After (Portrait) allows you to view both the original image and the corrected (After)
image next to each other. And the Before and After (Landscape) allows you to view both the original and
corrected images horizontally, with Before above and After below.
7. Choose one of the Before and After views from the drop-down list.
8. To the right of the Main Image window, as shown in the picture below, is an area called the Palette
Well that contains some of the tools available for automatic quick fixes to your photos. See the
“Quick Fix Tools” section in the Using Adobe Photoshop Elements appendix for descriptions of each
control.
Activity Guide
6
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Examining Digital Photography
Palette Well Area
9. Experiment with the controls and note how they change your image. If you don’t like the changes,
press the Enter key and then click the Reset button at the top right of the Main Image window. This
will return your photo to its original composition.
10. When you are satisfied with the results, click File→Save as. In the Save in drop-down list, navigate
to the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive. Double-click on the folder
labeled with your last name.
11. Click the New Folder button on the toolbar and name the folder "Unit 2XX", where XX stands for
your initials or your last name and first initial. Press Enter when you are done.
12. Then double-click the new folder. Name the image "FixedPortraitX", where X represents the photo
number. DO NOT use spaces in your filename. Then click Save. If a JPEG Options dialog box
appears, click the OK button.
13. Next, adjust and save your other portrait photos.
14. When you and your partner are finished adjusting and saving all your portraits, and if time permits,
practice using the Quick Fix tools on supplemental image files that have been provided for you.
Click the Open button on the Standard toolbar and navigate to: C:\digital photography\Supplemental
Files\Needs Fixing. Choose any photo(s) and work with the Quick Fix tools.
15. Save the images with your initials added to the file name by selecting File→Save as. In the Save
as dialog box, navigate to your Unit 2 folder where your portraits are saved. Click the New Folder
button on the toolbar and name the folder "Quick Fix Images." Then double-click the new folder and
save your image. Remember, DO NOT use spaces in the file name.
16. When you and your partner have finished practicing with the Quick Fix tools, exit the software.
17. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
7
Defining the Process
Digital Photography
Emotion Shots
1. Find a location (with your instructor’s permission) where you can take your pictures undisturbed.
2. Set up the tripod and attach the base of the camera to the tripod head. (If you are unsure of how to
set up the tripod, see the Setting Up the Tripod appendix in this Activity Guide.)
3. Turn on the camera and check your battery power. If the battery is fully charged, no icon will appear
on the monitor. If the battery is losing charge, a battery level indicator will display in the upper right
area of the monitor. If the charge level gets too low, ask your instructor to change the batteries.
4. Check the Shooting mode in the LCD panel. If necessary, press the Shooting mode button and set
the camera to Auto mode.
5. Press the flash mode button on the multi-selector. Turn the flash off. Press the OK button.
6. Have your partner stand or sit in the location you chose for your emotion shot and compose the
shot.
7. Use the light set up to enhance the mood you are trying to capture. See the picture below for an
example.
Emotion Shot
8. Position the tripod so the camera is facing your partner and is at the proper height for you.
9. Frame your shot. When it is set up to your satisfaction, shoot the picture.
10. Switch from shooting to playback mode to review the image. Take a few more shots, making any
adjustments to the composition or lighting that you think are necessary for the best shot.
11. When you are done, switch places with your partner and repeat the procedure.
12. When you have finished shooting photos, go back to your computer workstation to download the
images from the camera.
Downloading Images
1. When you are ready to download your images into Adobe Photoshop Elements, ask your instructor
for the USB cable.
2. The small end of the cable plugs into the side of the camera. Move the plastic cover aside to access
the A/V Out port.
3. Plug the other end of the cable into the USB port on your computer.
4. Your computer should recognize the new hardware connection and the Adobe Photo Downloader
will appear automatically on your screen.
Activity Guide
8
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Defining the Process
5. In the dialog box that appears, under Get Photos from: select the camera you are using from the
drop-down list.
6. Click the Browse button to choose the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive.
Find the folder labeled with your last name.
7. In the Create Subfolder(s) area, click the down arrow and choose Custom Name. In the text box,
name the folder “Unit 3XX”, where XX stands for your initials or your last name and first initial.
8. In the Rename files area, click the down arrow and choose Custom Name. This option assigns
the name you type in the text box to the photo files. It also adds on a number to the file name. For
example, enter your last name followed by the word Emotions in the text box. The photos will be
saved as Lastname Emotions001, 002, etc.
9. In the Deleted Options area, choose After Copying. DO NOT Delete Originals and make sure Open
Organizer When Finished is checked.
10. Save the images by clicking the Get Photos button at the bottom of the dialog box.
11. An information box appears, click “OK”.
12. The Organizer displays the thumbnails of your photos. To see a larger view of a picture, double-click
the image. To return to the thumbnail view, double-click again.
Once all your images are downloaded, you must delete them from the Organizer. The images remain in
the folder you saved them to on the hard drive. If you don’t delete them from the Organizer, other students
will have access to the photos. Deleting the photos from the Organizer also minimizes the time it takes for
the program to open.
13. Select all the images in the Organizer by selecting one Image and then pressing Ctrl + A. Press the
Delete key.
14. A warning message appears. DO NOT click the check box or your images will be deleted from the
hard drive. Just click the OK button to delete the images from the Organizer only.
15. When you are finished, exit the software.
16. Unplug the USB cable from the computer and from the camera. Return it to your instructor.
17. If necessary, turn the camera on. Press the Playback button to view your last image. There should
be no other images except yours stored in the camera’s memory. If other images exist, delete only
your images by pressing the Trash can button. The monitor will display “Erase 1 image(s)?” Use the
up or down parts of the multi-selector to choose Yes. Then press the center OK button on the multiselector to delete. Repeat this for each of your images.
18. If your images are the only ones stored in the camera’s memory, press the Playback button. Next,
press the Menu button on the camera. Use the up or down parts of the multi-selector and select
Delete. Then press the center OK button. Select Erase all images and press the center OK button.
19. Choose Yes on the Erasing all images screen and press the center OK button.
20. Turn off the camera and return it to your instructor.
21. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
9
Defining the Process
Digital Photography
Cropping
1. Open the Photoshop Elements application. When the Welcome screen appears, click on EDIT.
2. Click the down arrow in the EDIT button and select EDIT Quick from the options listed, as shown in
the picture below.
Edit Options
3. Click File and select Open.
4. Find your folder in the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive. Double-click
your folder. Then double-click the Unit 3XX folder you created earlier.
5. Your Emotions files should appear in your folder. Hold the Ctrl key down and click once on each
filename so all your files are selected. Then click the Open button.
6. Your photos open into a free floating window, and thumbnails of each image appear in the Project
Bin at the bottom of the screen. Just click on a photo to grab it and move it in the workspace. You
can move the photo you want to work on so that it appears in front of the others, or if the screen
is getting too crowded, you can minimize the photos that you are not working on, and maximize
and restore them when you are ready. You may notice that when you move the open photos, they
convert to tabs that appear above the current photo in the workspace. Click on the tabs to move
between photos; careful not to click on the X on the tab, this will close the photo.
7. Select After Only from the View drop-down box.
8. Select the first photo in the Project Bin. At the upper left of the Main Image window is the Toolbox. In
Quick edit, the Toolbox contains eight tools: Zoom Tool, Hand Tool, Quick Selection Tool, and Crop
Tool, Red Eye Removal, Whiten Teeth, Make Dull Skies Blue, and Black And White – High Contrast.
Select the Crop Tool.
9. Once you select the Crop Tool, your cursor becomes the Crop symbol and options specifically
related to cropping appear above the image. When the cursor is the Crop symbol, the easiest way
to crop your image is by clicking and dragging. In this case, you are selecting the part of the image
you want to keep.
10. You are going to crop out the unnecessary space. It may be at the top and bottom of your photo
or at the left and right sides of the photo, or around the entire photo. Position the crop symbol at
the upper left area of the portion of the image you want to keep. Then click and drag. As you click
and drag, a dotted outline will enclose the area you are dragging over. Frame within this outline the
portion of the image you want to keep.
11. When you are done, let go of the mouse button. The areas outside of the dotted line are darkened.
Those are the areas that will be cropped from the image.
12. To adjust the framed area, place your cursor on any of the drag handles around the dotted line.
When the cursor becomes an arrow, click and drag to adjust the cropping.
13. When you are done cropping, two tools appear directly below your image. One is the Cancel current
operation tool and the other is the Commit current operation tool. If you want to start again, click
the Cancel tool. If you are satisfied with your cropped image, click the Commit tool (or double-click
inside the outline).
Activity Guide
10
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Defining the Process
14. If you accept the photo and realize you made an error or want to redo the cropping, click the Reset
button at the top right of the Main Image window. Then crop your image again.
15. If the eyes in your portrait image appear red, use the Red-Eye Removal Tool to fix them. Select the
tool. The mouse cursor becomes a large plus sign. Place the center of the plus sign over the white
reflection spot in the subject’s eye. Then click the mouse. The red color is removed.
16. Repeat for the other eye, if necessary.
17. Save your image as “CroppedEmotionX”, where X represents the photo number. DO NOT use
spaces in your filename. Then click Save. If a JPEG Options dialog box appears, click the OK
button. Then crop the remaining emotion images and save them.
18. When you and your partner have finished cropping the emotion images, and if time permits, practice
using cropping with the supplemental image files that have been provided for you. Click the Open
button on the Standard toolbar and navigate to: C:\digital photography\Supplemental Files\Needs
Fixing. Choose any photo(s) and work with the cropping tools.
19. Save the images with your initials added to the file name by selecting File→Save as. In the Save as
dialog box, navigate to your Unit 3 folder where your emotion shots are saved. Click the New Folder
button on the toolbar and name the folder "Cropped Images." Then double-click the new folder and
save your image. Remember, DO NOT use spaces in your filename.
20. When you and your partner have finished practicing with the cropping tools, exit the software.
21. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
11
Recognizing Composition Elements
Digital Photography
Still Life
1. Gather the objects you brought in for your still life. If you have no objects of your own, ask your
instructor for help gathering a few suitable items from the classroom.
2. Find a location (with your instructor’s permission) where you can take your pictures undisturbed.
3. Set up the tripod and attach the base of the camera to the tripod head. (If you are unsure of how to
set up the tripod, see the Setting Up the Tripod appendix in this Activity Guide.)
4. Turn on the camera and check your battery power. If the battery is fully charged, no icon will appear
on the monitor. If the battery is losing charge, a battery level indicator will display in the upper right
area of the monitor. If the charge level gets too low, ask your instructor to replace the batteries.
5. Check the Shooting mode in the LCD panel. If necessary, press the Shooting mode button and set
the camera to Auto mode.
6. Check the flash settings. Turn the flash off. Press the OK button.
7. Take time now to set up your still life using all the tools at hand. Use the cardboard backdrops,
drapes, and construction paper creatively. See pictures below for an example.
Set-Up
Still Life
8. Use what you learned about colors, shapes, textures, forms, and patterns to set up your shot. Also
use the color wheel to determine the best colors for your composition.
9. As you compose your still life, periodically view it through the camera’s viewfinder to be sure you’ll
capture the still life the way you want it. Adjust the lighting as necessary.
10. When you’re ready, shoot your still life. You may wish to take several pictures with different lighting
arrangements.
11. Switch from shooting to playback mode to review your images. Re-shoot any images you are
unhappy with. Then let your partner set up and shoot his/her still life.
12. When you are done, switch places with your partner and repeat the procedure.
13. When you have finished shooting photos, go back to your computer workstation to download the
images from the camera.
Downloading Images
1. When you are ready to download your images into Adobe Photoshop Elements, ask your instructor
for the USB cable.
2. The small end of the cable plugs into the side of the camera. Move the plastic cover aside to access
the A/V Out port.
Activity Guide
12
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Recognizing Composition Elements
3. Plug the other end of the cable into the USB port on your computer.
4. Your computer should recognize the new hardware connection and the Adobe Photo Downloader
will appear automatically on your screen.
5. In the dialog box that appears, under Get Photos from: make sure your camera is selected.
6. Click the Browse button to choose the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive.
Find the folder labeled with your last name.
7. In the Create Subfolder(s) area, click on the down arrow and choose Custom Name. In the text box,
name the folder “Unit 4XX”, where XX stands for your initials or your last name and first initial.
8. In the Rename Files area, click on the down arrow and choose Custom Name. This option assigns
the name you type in the text box to the photo files. It also adds on a number to the file name. For
example, enter your last name followed by the word Still Life in the text box. The photos will be
saved as Lastname Still Life001, 002, etc.
9. In the Delete Options area, choose After copying. DO NOT Delete Originals and make sure Open
Organizer When Finished is checked.
10. Save the images by clicking the Get Photos button at the bottom of the dialog box.
11. An information dialog box appears, click “OK”.
12. The Organizer displays the thumbnails of your photos. To see a larger view of a picture, double-click
the image. To return to the thumbnail view, double-click again.
Once all your images are downloaded, you must delete them from the Organizer. The images remain in
the folder you saved them to on the hard drive. If you don’t delete them from the Organizer, other students
will have access to the photos. Deleting the photos from the Organizer also minimizes the time it takes for
the program to open.
13. Select all the images in the Organizer by selecting one Image and then pressing Ctrl+A. Press the
Delete key.
14. A warning message appears. DO NOT click the check box or your images will be deleted from the
hard drive. Just click the OK button to delete the images from the Organizer only.
15. When you are finished, exit the software.
16. Unplug the USB cable from the computer and from the camera. Return it to your instructor.
17. If necessary, turn the camera on. Press the Playback button to view your last image. There should
be no other images except yours stored in the camera’s memory. If other images exist, delete only
your images.
18. Turn off the camera and return it to your instructor.
19. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
13
Recognizing Composition Elements
Digital Photography
Levels and Histograms
1. Open the Photoshop Elements application. When the Welcome screen appears, click on EDIT.
2. Click the down arrow in the EDIT button and select EDIT Full from the options listed, as shown in
the picture below.
Edit Options
3. Click File and select Open.
4. Find your folder in the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive. Double-click
your folder. Then double-click the Unit 4XX folder you created earlier.
5. Your Still Life files should appear in your folder. Hold the Ctrl key down and click once on each
filename so all your files are selected. Then click the Open button.
6. Your still life photos open in the free floating window, and thumbnails of each image appear in the
Project Bin at the bottom of the screen.
Levels Practice
1. Select the first photo. Select Enhance from the Main Menu bar and select Adjust Lighting. Then
select Levels from the submenu. The Levels dialog box appears. Be sure the Preview box is
checked.
2. Drag the slider on the far left (directly below the histogram) to the right until the image darkens. The
image darkens because as you drag the slider, the darkest pixels in the image move closer to pure
black. Drag the slider back to the left.
3. Drag the slider on the far right (directly below the histogram) to the left. The image lightens because
as you drag the slider, the lightest pixels in the image move to pure white. Drag the slider back to
the right.
4. Click the Reset button to return all Levels to their original values.
5. Now, use the sliders to adjust the tonal quality of your first image. When you are satisfied with the
results, go to File→Save as and save your image as "LevelsX", where X represents the photo
number DO NOT use spaces in your filename. Then click Save. If a JPEG Options dialog box
appears, click the OK button.
6. Repeat this process on your remaining images.
Selection Tools
1. Select another still life image. This time, instead of modifying levels in the entire photo, you will use
selection tools to isolate portions of the photo you’d like to adjust.
2. Before proceeding, review the “Selection Tools” section in the Using Adobe Photoshop Elements
appendix in this Activity Guide.
3. Review your image and decide which Selection Tool you will use. Click the Selection Tool and use it
on your image to select the portion you want to adjust.
Activity Guide
14
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Recognizing Composition Elements
4. Select Enhance from the Main Menu bar and select Adjust Lighting. Then select Levels from the
submenu. Use the Levels tools to adjust the portion of the image you selected.
5. To deselect the area you selected, click the Select menu and choose Deselect.
6. If you are satisfied with your changes, go to FileSave as and save your image as "LevelsX",
where X represents the photo number.
7. When you and your partner are finished adjusting and saving all your still life images, and if time
permits, practice using the Selection Tools on supplemental image files that have been provided
for you. Click the Open button on the Standard toolbar and navigate to: C:\digital photography\
Supplemental Files\Needs Fixing. Choose any photo(s) and work with the Selection Tools.
8. Save the images with your initials added to the file name by selecting File→Save as. In the Save
as dialog box, navigate to your Unit 4 folder where your still life images are saved. Click the New
Folder button on the toolbar and name the folder "Selection Tool Practice Images". Then doubleclick the new folder and save your image. Remember; DO NOT use spaces in the file names.
9. When you and your partner have finished practicing with the Selection Tools, exit the software.
10. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
15
Exploring Viewpoints
Digital Photography
Viewpoints and Macros
Macro Images
First, you must set the camera to macro mode to take close-up pictures of your small objects.
1. Turn on the camera. Check your battery power. If the battery is fully charged, no icon will appear on
the monitor. If the battery is losing charge, a battery level indicator will display in the upper right area
of the monitor. If the charge level gets too low, ask your instructor to change the batteries.
2. Press the Macro mode button. Use the multi-selector to choose ON and press OK.
3. The flower icon should appear in the upper left area of the LCD panel. This indicates that the
camera is in Macro mode.
4. Find a location (with your instructor’s permission) where you can take your pictures undisturbed.
5. Set up the tripod and attach the base of the camera to the tripod head. (If you are unsure of how to
set up the tripod, see the Setting Up the Tripod appendix in this Activity Guide)
6. Turn off the flash.
7. Take time now to set up your objects for your macro shots.
8. Next, set up lighting and use the blue background.
9. Set up the camera close to your objects, as shown in the picture below. (Later, when you are
learning layers in Photoshop Elements, the blue background will be easier to work with.)
Macro Shot Set-up
10. Use what you learned about viewpoints and camera angles to set up your shot.
11. As you compose your macro shot, periodically check the LCD panel to be sure you’ll capture the
image the way you want it. Adjust the lighting as necessary.
12. When you’re ready, shoot your photo. Take up to four pictures with different viewpoints and lighting
arrangements.
13. When you are done, switch from shooting to playback mode to review your images. Re-shoot any
images you are unhappy with.
14. When you are finished, switch places with your partner and repeat the procedure.
15. Once you are both finished shooting, turn off the camera’s macro feature.
16. Go back to your computer workstation to download the images from the camera.
Activity Guide
16
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Exploring Viewpoints
Downloading Images
1. When you are ready to download your images into Adobe Photoshop Elements, ask your instructor
for the USB cable.
2. The small end of the cable plugs into the side of the camera. Move the plastic cover aside to access
the A/V Out port.
3. Plug the other end of the cable into the USB port on your computer.
4. Your computer should recognize the new hardware connection and the Adobe Photo Downloader
will appear automatically on your screen.
5. In the dialog box that appears, under Get Photos from: make sure your camera is selected.
6. Click the Browse button to choose the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive.
Find the folder labeled with your last name.
7. In the Create Subfolder(s) area, click on the down arrow and choose Custom Name. In the text box,
name the folder “Unit 5XX”, where XX stands for your initials or your last name and first initial.
8. In the Rename Files area, click on the down arrow and choose Custom Name. This option assigns
the name you type in the text box to the photo files. It also adds on a number to the file name. For
example, enter your last name followed by the words Macro in the text box. The photos will be
saved as Lastname Macro001, 002, etc.
9. In the Delete Options area, choose After Copying. DO NOT Delete Originals and make sure Open
Organizer When Finished is checked.
10. Save the images by clicking the Get Photos button at the bottom of the dialog box.
11. An information box appears, click “OK”.
12. The Organizer displays the thumbnails of your photos. To see a larger view of a picture, double-click
the image. To return to the thumbnail view, double-click again.
Once all your images are downloaded, you must delete them from the Organizer. The images remain in
the folder you saved them to on the hard drive. If you don’t delete them from the Organizer, other students
will have access to the photos. Deleting the photos from the Organizer also minimizes the time it takes for
the program to open.
13. Select all the images in the Organizer by selecting one Image and then pressing Ctrl+A. Press the
Delete key.
14. A warning message appears. DO NOT click the check box or your images will be deleted from the
hard drive. Just click the OK button to delete the images from the Organizer only.
15. When you are finished, exit the software.
16. Unplug the USB cable from the computer and from the camera. Return it to your instructor.
17. If necessary, turn the camera on. Press the Playback button to view your last image. There should
be no other images except yours stored in the camera’s memory. If other images exist, delete only
your images.
18. Turn off the camera and return it to your instructor.
19. Once you’ve exited the software and returned the camera, go to the next section in the multimedia
presentation.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
17
Exploring Viewpoints
Digital Photography
Layers and Effects
1. Open the Photoshop Elements application. When the Welcome screen appears, click on EDIT.
2. Click the down arrow in the EDIT button and select EDIT Full from the options listed for Edit.
3. Click File and select Open.
4. Find your folder in the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive. Double-click
your folder. Then double-click the Unit 5XX folder you created earlier.
5. Your macro files should appear in your folder. Hold the Ctrl key down and click once on each
filename so all your files are selected. Then click the Open button.
6. Your macro photos open in the free floating window, and thumbnails of each image appear in the
Project Bin at the bottom of the screen.
Using the Unsharp Mask
1. Select your first photo. To access the Unsharp Mask feature, click Enhance on the menu bar. Then
choose Unsharp mask from the menu. The Unsharp Mask dialog box appears.
2. Experiment with the sliders until the image is satisfactory. Remember, for high resolution images try
setting the Amount field between 150% and 200%. The Radius field should work best between 1
and 2 pixels. And the Threshold value may be most effective between 2 and 20. But experiment with
other values in these fields as required.
3. When you are satisfied with your changes, go to File→Save as and save your image in your Unit 5
folder as "UnsharpX", where X represents the photo number. DO NOT use spaces in your file name.
Then click Save. If a JPEG Options dialog box appears, click the OK button.
4. Now you will experiment with the Blur Tool options. Before proceeding, review the “Blur Tools”
section of the Using Adobe Photoshop Elements appendix.
5. Select the second image in the Project Bin. Your image appears under Layers. Right click and select
Duplicate Layer from the submenu. The Duplicate Layer dialog box appears. Rename the layer as
you wish and click OK. Review the photo and decide which tools you will use. You can use only the
Blur Tools, or use a combination of some of the tools you’ve previously learned.
6. When you are satisfied with your changes, go to File→Save as and save your image in your Unit
5 folder as "BlurX", where X represents the photo number. DO NOT use spaces in your file name.
Then click Save. If a JPEG Options dialog box appears, click the OK button.
7. Close your image files, but keep Photoshop Elements open.
Layers
For this part of the activity, you will use photos provided for you.
1. Click File and select Open.
2. Navigate to C:\Digital Photography\Supplemental Files\Backgrounds
3. Preview the background images by clicking once on a file name and reviewing the preview image at
the bottom of the Open dialog box.
4. Select a background image and click Open.
5. Click File and select Open again and navigate to the Objects folder in the Supplemental Files
directory.
6. Preview the object images. Select one that you would like to place on your background. Click Open.
7. Both images should now be in the Project Bin.
Activity Guide
18
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Exploring Viewpoints
8. Select your background image in the Photo Project. Go to File→Save as and save your image in
your Unit 5 folder as "XXBackground", where XX represents your initials. DO NOT use spaces in
your file name. Then click Save. If a JPEG Options dialog box appears, click the OK button.
9. Next, select your object image and save it in your Unit 5 folder as “XXObject”, where XX stands for
your initials. DO NOT use spaces in your file name. Then click Save. If a JPEG Options dialog box
appears, click the OK button.
10. Before you place your object on your background, you must remove the blue background from
the object. Select your object photo in the Project Bin. Right click on the Eraser Tool button in the
toolbox on the left. Select Magic Eraser from the pop-up menu. (For descriptions of Eraser Tool
options, see the “Eraser Tools” section of the Using Adobe Photoshop Elements appendix in this
Activity Guide.)
11. Uncheck Contiguous in the Options Bar above the image. Then click anywhere on the blue
background. The background should disappear, as shown in the picture below.
Removing Blue Background
12. Click File and select Save. The Save as dialog box opens, indicating that the altered file will be
saved with the same filename but in .psd format instead of jpeg format. This will preserve the image
as a layer with no background. Click Save.
13. A warning box may appear indicating that you are creating a version set. Click OK.
14. Rename the layer by right-clicking on the default layer name in the Layers panel and selecting
Rename Layer from the shortcut menu. Name the layer “XXObject”, where XX stands for your
initials.
15. Click Select on the menu bar and choose All from the menu. (You can also press Ctrl+A to Select
All.) Your object image should now be selected.
16. Copy the object by going to Edit→Copy, or by pressing Ctrl+C.
17. Select your background image in the Project Bin. Paste your object onto the background by going to
Edit→Paste or pressing Ctrl+V.
18. Your object should now be a new layer on your background image, as shown in the picture below.
Image on the New Background
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
19
Exploring Viewpoints
Digital Photography
19. To move the object layer, click the Move Tool at the top of the toolbox on the left. The cursor
changes to an arrow head and allows you to click and drag the layer. Position the object where you
want it on the background.
20. When the object layer is selected, you can resize it to better fit your background, if necessary. To
resize, go to Image→Resize and choose Scale from the submenu. A solid border appears around
your object layer. If you click and drag a corner handle, the object will resize proportionately,
meaning without distortion.
21. When you are done, press Enter.
22. Click the Background layer in the Layers panel to deselect the object layer. Then click the Hand Tool
in the toolbox to disengage the Move Tool.
23. Click File and select Save. The Save as dialog box appears indicating that the file will be saved in
.psd format. Name the file "XXLayered", where XX stands for your initials and click Save.
24. A warning box may appear indicating that you are creating a version set. Click OK.
25. If a Photoshop Elements Format Options information box appears (as shown in the picture below),
click OK.
Photoshop Elements Format Options information box
26. When you and your partner have finished creating your layered image, exit the software.
27. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
20
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Discovering Distance and Depth
Depth of Field Photos
1. Gather the objects you brought in for your macro photos. If you have no objects of your own, ask
your instructor for help gathering a few suitable items from the classroom.
2. Find a location (with your instructor’s permission) where you can take your pictures undisturbed.
3. Set up the tripod and attach the base of the camera to the tripod head. (If you are unsure of how to
set up the tripod, see the Setting Up the Tripod appendix in this Activity Guide.)
4. Turn on the camera and check your battery power. If the battery is fully charged, no icon will appear
on the monitor. If the battery is losing charge, a battery level indicator will display in the upper right
area of the monitor. If the charge level gets too low, ask your instructor to replace the batteries.
5. Check the Shooting mode in the LCD panel. If necessary set the camera to Auto mode.
6. Turn off the flash.
7. You will take the following three shots of the same arrangement.
a. Foreground: the foreground is the part of the picture or scene nearest the observer.
b. Middle ground: The middle ground is the area in between the foreground and the background.
It is a point between the extremes.
c. Background: The background is the scenery located behind something. It can also be the part
of a picture that provides relief for objects or designs in the foreground.
8. Take time now to set up your depth of field shot. You will need three objects. Arrange the objects
so that you have one object in the foreground, one in the middle ground, and one object in the
background.
9. The picture below shows one possible set-up. Notice that the distances between the camera and
each of the objects have been marked. The camera was not moved from this position while any of
the photographs were shot. If you are having any difficulty with your project, try moving the camera
either closer to or farther away from the objects.
Depth of Field Shot Set-up
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
21
Discovering Distance and Depth
Digital Photography
10. For the first shot, focus the camera on the object in the foreground. Press the shutter-release
halfway, and move the camera very slightly from side to side to include the other two objects in the
composition. Be very careful to not shake the camera as you move it.
11. When you are pleased with how the objects fill the frame, press the shutter-release button all the
way down to capture the image. Use the LCD panel to check your image. The foreground object
should be sharp while the rest of the composition will be less sharp.
12. Next, try to capture the middle ground object. Focus on the object in the center of the composition.
Again, press the shutter-release halfway, and carefully move the camera from side to side to include
the other two objects in the composition.
13. When you are pleased with the composition, press the shutter-release button all the way down
to capture the image. Use the LCD panel to check your image. This time the object in the middle
ground should be sharp and the object in the foreground and background less sharp.
14. Repeat the process to capture the background object. Focus on the most distant object in the
composition. Press the shutter-release halfway, and carefully adjust the camera angle to include the
other two objects in the composition.
15. When you are pleased with the composition, press the shutter-release button all the way down to
capture the image. Again, use the LCD panel to check your image. This time the background object
should be sharp while the middle ground and foreground objects will be less sharp.
16. When you are done, switch from shooting to playback mode to review your images. Re-shoot any
images you are unhappy with. See pictures below for examples of each shot.
Foreground
Middle Ground
Background
17. Switch places with your partner and repeat the procedure.
18. When you have finished shooting photos, go back to your computer workstation to download the
images from the camera.
Downloading Images
1. When you are ready to download your images into Adobe Photoshop Elements, ask your instructor
for the USB cable.
2. The small end of the cable plugs into the side of the camera. Move the plastic cover aside to access
the A/V Out port.
3. Plug the other end of the cable into the USB port on your computer.
4. Your computer should recognize the new hardware connection and the Adobe Photo Downloader
will appear automatically on your screen.
5. In the dialog box that appears, under Get Photos from: make sure your camera is selected.
6. Click the Browse button to choose the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive.
Find the folder labeled with your last name.
7. In the Create Subfolder(s) area, click on the down arrow and choose Custom Name. In the text box,
name the folder “Unit 6XX”, where XX stands for your initials or your last name and first initial.
Activity Guide
22
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Discovering Distance and Depth
8. In the Rename Files area, click the down arrow and choose Custom Name. This option assigns
the name you type in the text box to the photo files. It also adds on a number to the file name. For
example, enter your last name followed by DoF in the text box. (DoF stands for Depth of Field.) The
photos will be saved as Lastname DoF001, 002, etc.
9. In the Delete Options area, choose After Copying. DO NOT Delete Originals and make sure Open
Organizer is checked.
10. Save the images by clicking the Get Photos button at the bottom of the dialog box.
11. An information box appears, click OK.
12. The Organizer displays the thumbnails of your photos. To see a larger view of a picture, double-click
the image. To return to the thumbnail view, double-click again.
Once all your images are downloaded, you must delete them from the Organizer. The images remain in
the folder you saved them to on the hard drive. If you don’t delete them from the Organizer, other students
will have access to the photos. Deleting the photos from the Organizer also minimizes the time it takes for
the program to open.
13. Select all the images in the Organizer by selecting one Image and then pressing Ctrl+A. Press the
Delete key.
14. A warning message appears. DO NOT click the check box or your images will be deleted from the
hard drive. Just click the OK button to delete the images from the Organizer only.
15. When you are finished, exit the software.
16. Unplug the USB cable from the computer and from the camera. Return it to your instructor.
17. If necessary, turn the camera on. Press the Playback button to view your last image. There should
be no other images except yours stored in the camera’s memory. If other images exist, delete only
your images.
18. Turn off the camera and return it to your instructor.
19. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
23
Discovering Distance and Depth
Digital Photography
Photo Montage
1. Open the Photoshop Elements application. When the Welcome screen appears, click on EDIT.
2. Click the down arrow in the EDIT button and select EDIT Full from the options listed for Edit.
3. Click File and select Open.
4. Find your folder in the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive. Double-click
your folder. Then double-click the Unit 6XX folder you created earlier.
5. Your depth of field files should appear in your folder. Hold the Ctrl key down and click once on each
filename so all your files are selected. Then click the Open button.
6. Your depth of field photos open in the free floating window, and thumbnails of each image appear in
the Project Bin at the bottom of the screen.
Adding Text
1. Before proceeding, review the “Type Tools” section of the Using Adobe Photoshop Elements
appendix in this Activity Guide.
2. Select your first depth of field image and decide where you want to place text. The text can be
anything you want, i.e., your name, a description of the shot, etc.
3. Click the Horizontal Type Tool. (If you want your text to be vertical instead, right-click the Horizontal
Type Tool and select Vertical Type Tool.) Then, click in the spot on your image where you want your
text to begin.
4. As soon as you click on your image, a new text layer appears in the Layers Palette. The Layer is
named Layer 1 by default, but as soon as you type your text and then click on the text layer in the
Layers Palette, the Layer name changes to the text that you typed. To rename the layer, right-click
on it and select Rename Layer. Then enter the new name and click OK.
5. Use the Options Bar above your image to select your font type, font size, and font color. Experiment
with the other text options as well.
NOTE: Remember, the image is sized to fit the window, so it appears smaller than it
really is. If you choose a small font size, you won’t be able to see your text unless you
view your image at its actual size. To do so, click the View menu and select Actual Pixels.
6. Text does not automatically wrap to the next line. If you want more than one line of text you must
press the Enter key at the end of each line to move the cursor down to the next line.
7. When you are satisfied with your text, click File and select Save. The Save as dialog box appears
indicating that your image will be saved in .psd format. Save your image in your Unit 6 folder as
“Text1XX”, where XX stands for your initials. Then click Save.
8. If a Photoshop Elements Format Options information box appears. Click OK.
9. Open your second depth of field image and follow the same procedure to add text to the image.
Then save the image as “Text2XX”, where XX stands for your initials.
Activity Guide
24
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Discovering Distance and Depth
Photo Montage
1. Using the tools and skills you’ve learned in this course, create a photo montage from the images
you’ve taken. You can create realistic images or just have some fun and use your creativity to create
something unique.
2. Refer to the Appendices if you need help with the Elements tools.
Hints:
• Click the Eye icon on a layer in the Layers Palette to view or hide the layer.
• Rearrange the layers in the Layers Palette by clicking and dragging to change the order in which
layers appear on your image.
• Create new layers by clicking the Create a New Layer button at the top left of the Layers Palette.
3. Save your images with names of your choice. Images will automatically be saved in .psd format.
Flattening Images
1. If necessary, open your montage image. To decrease the file size you must flatten the image.
2. Click the More button at the top right of the Layers Palette. Choose Flatten Image from the menu.
3. The image flattens to one background layer removing all separate layers from the Layers Palette.
4. Go to File→Save as and select JPEG from the Format: drop-down box below the file name box.
5. You can keep the same file name. It will be saved as a separate file from your original .psd image.
6. A warning box may appear indicating that you are creating a version set. Click OK. When you and
your partner have finished flattening and saving your images, exit the software.
7. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
25
Behind the Camera
Digital Photography
Bracketing
1. Find a location (with your instructor’s permission) where you can take your pictures undisturbed.
2. Set up the tripod and attach the base of the camera to the tripod head. (If you are unsure of how to
set up the tripod, see the Setting Up the Tripod appendix in this Activity Guide.)
3. Turn on the camera and check your battery power. If the battery is fully charged, no icon will appear
on the monitor. If the battery is losing charge, a battery level indicator will display in the upper right
area of the monitor. If the charge level gets too low, ask your instructor for the back-up battery.
4. Check the Shooting mode in the LCD panel. If necessary, press the Shooting mode button and set
the camera to Auto mode.
5. Choose a subject for your photo and set up your shot.
6. You will take three shots of this subject. For the first shot, use Auto mode without adjusting any of
the settings. When you are ready, shoot the photo.
7. Next, you will underexpose the photo. Press the +/- button (right multi-selector button), to access
the Exposure Compensation values.
8. Press down on the multi-selector to choose a negative value. Click the center OK button.
9. If you want to change the exposure setting you selected, repeat the previous two steps.
10. When you are satisfied with the changes, shoot your photo.
11. Next, you will overexpose your image. Press the +/- button (right multi-selector button), to access
the Exposure Compensation values.
12. Press up on the multi-selector to choose a positive value. This value should be the same increment
you chose for your underexposed image. For example, if you chose -0.7 for the previous shot,
choose +0.7 for this shot. Click the center OK button.
13. If you want to change the exposure setting you selected, repeat the previous two steps.
14. When you are satisfied with the changes, shoot your photo.
Exploring Other Adjustment Settings
1. Using the same subject for your photo, explore any of the following settings:
a. White Balance
b. Color Options
2. To access the White Balance settings, press the Menu button on the back of the camera. Use the
multi-selector to select White Balance. Then press the center OK button.
3. Explore the different white balance settings. As you select each setting, the LCD panel displays how
the image will be affected.
4. Press the center OK button to choose a setting. Press the Menu button to return to a photo-ready
state.
5. To access the additional settings, press the Menu button return to the main screen.
6. Scroll through the options until you reach Color Options. Press the center OK button to choose this
option.
7. Scroll through the Color options. When you have selected your setting, press the center OK button.
8. Press the Menu button to exit the Color options and return it to a photo-ready state.
9. The LCD panel will display sets of brackets representing the focus area options. Use the multiselector to choose a focus area. Press the center OK button to set the focus. The camera is now set
up and ready.
10. When you are ready, shoot your image.
Activity Guide
26
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Behind the Camera
11. Switch places with your partner and repeat the procedure.
12. When you have finished shooting photos, go back to your computer workstation to download the
images from the camera.
Downloading Images
1. When you are ready to download your images into Adobe Photoshop Elements, ask your instructor
for the USB cable.
2. The small end of the cable plugs into the side of the camera. Move the plastic cover aside to access
the A/V Out port.
3. Plug the other end of the cable into the USB port on your computer.
4. Your computer should recognize the new hardware connection and the Adobe Photo Downloader
will appear automatically on your screen.
5. In the dialog box that appears, under Get Photos from: make sure your camera is selected.
6. Click the Browse button to choose the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive.
Find the folder labeled with your last name.
7. In the Create Subfolder(s) area, click the down arrow and choose Custom Name. In the text box,
name the folder “Unit 7XX”, where XX stands for your initials or your last name and first initial.
8. In the Rename Files area, click the down arrow and choose Custom Name. This option assigns
the name you type in the text box to the photo files. It also adds on a number to the file name. For
example, enter your last name followed by the word “Bracketing” in the text box. The photos will be
saved as Lastname Bracketing001, 002, etc.
9. In the Delete Options area, choose After Copying. DO NOT Delete Originals and make sure Open
Organizer When Finished is checked.
10. Save the images by clicking the Get Photos button at the bottom of the dialog box.
11. An information box appears, click “OK”.
12. The Organizer displays the thumbnails of your photos. To see a larger view of a picture, double-click
the image. To return to the thumbnail view, double-click again.
13. Review your photos to determine the best shot: auto, underexposed, or overexposed.
Once all your images are downloaded, you must delete them from the Organizer. The images remain in
the folder you saved them to on the hard drive. If you don’t delete them from the Organizer, other students
will have access to the photos. Deleting the photos from the Organizer also minimizes the time it takes for
the program to open.
14. Select all the images in the Organizer by selecting one Image and then pressing Ctrl+A. Press the
Delete key.
15. A warning message appears. DO NOT click the check box or your images will be deleted from the
hard drive. Just click the OK button to delete the images from the Organizer only.
16. When you are finished, exit the software.
17. Unplug the USB cable from the computer and from the camera. Return it to your instructor.
18. If necessary, turn the camera on. Press the Playback button to view your last image. There should
be no other images except yours stored in the camera’s memory. If other images exist, delete only
your images.
19. Turn off the camera and return it to your instructor.
20. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
27
Using Exposure Modes
Digital Photography
Portrait Activity
1. Find a location in your classroom or hallway (with your instructor’s permission) where you can take
your pictures undisturbed.
2. Set up the tripod and attach the base of the camera to the tripod head. (If you are unsure of how to
set up the tripod, see the Setting Up the Tripod appendix in this Activity Guide.)
3. Turn on the camera and check your battery power. If the battery is fully charged, no icon will appear
on the monitor. If the battery is losing charge, a battery level indicator will display in the upper right
area of the monitor. If the charge level gets too low, ask your instructor to change the batteries.
4. Change the Shooting mode in the LCD panel to Portrait by pressing the Shooting mode button and
selecting Portrait. Press the center OK button. (You may have to use the right multi-selector button
to scroll through the list to locate the Portrait option.)
5. Have your partner stand in the location you chose for your portrait.
6. Position the tripod so the camera is facing your partner and is at the proper height for you.
7. Frame the image using the skills you learned in this unit, then shoot the image.
8. Set up and shoot two more photos.
9. Switch places with your partner and repeat the steps above.
10. Switch from shooting to playback mode to review your photos.
11. If you are unhappy with any photos, and if you have the necessary time, re-shoot the photos.
Downloading images
1. When you are ready to download your images into Adobe Photoshop Elements, ask your instructor
for the USB cable.
2. The small end of the cable plugs into the side of the camera. Move the plastic cover aside to access
the A/V Out port.
3. Plug the other end of the cable into the USB port on your computer.
4. Your computer should recognize the new hardware connection and the Adobe Photo Downloader
will appear automatically on your screen.
5. In the dialog box that appears, under Get Photos from: make sure your camera is selected.
6. Click the Browse button to choose the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive.
Find the folder labeled with your last name.
7. In the Create Subfolder(s), click the down arrow and choose Custom Name. In the text box, name
the folder “Unit 8XX”, where XX stands for your initials or your last name and first initial.
8. In the Rename Files area, click on the down arrow and choose Custom Name. This option assigns
the name you type in the text box to the photo files. It also adds on a number to the file name. For
example, enter your last name followed by the word Portrait in the text box. The photos will be
saved as Lastname Portrait001, 002, etc.
9. In the Delete Options area, choose after Copying. DO NOT Delete Originals and make sure Open
Organizer When Finished is checked.
10. Save the images by clicking the Get Photos button at the bottom of the dialog box.
11. If the Auto Red Fix Eye Complete dialog box appears, click OK. An information box appears, click
OK.
12. The Organizer displays the thumbnails of your photos. To see a larger view of a picture, double-click
the image. To return to the thumbnail view, double-click again.
Activity Guide
28
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Using Exposure Modes
Once all your images are downloaded, you must delete them from the Organizer. The images remain in
the folder you saved them to on the hard drive. If you don’t delete them from the Organizer, other students
will have access to the photos. Deleting the photos from the Organizer also minimizes the time it takes for
the program to open.
13. Select all the images in the Organizer by selecting one Image and then pressing Ctrl+A. Press the
Delete key.
14. A warning message appears. DO NOT click the check box or your images will be deleted from the
hard drive. Just click the OK button to delete the images from the Organizer only.
15. Unplug the USB cable from the computer and from the camera. Return it to your instructor.
16. If necessary, turn the camera on. Press the Playback button to view your last image. There should
be no other images except yours stored in the camera’s memory. If other images exist, delete only
your images.
17. Turn off the camera and return it to your instructor.
Editing Your Images
1. The Elements Organizer should be empty. Click the FIX down arrow and select Full Photo Edit. The
Editor window appears.
2. Click File and select Open.
3. Find your folder in the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive. Double-click
your folder. Then double-click the Unit 8XX folder you created earlier.
4. Your portrait files should appear in your folder. Hold the Ctrl key down and click once on each
filename so all your files are selected. Then click the Open button.
5. Your photos open into a free floating window, and thumbnails of each image appear in the Project
Bin at the bottom of the screen. Just click on a photo to grab it and move it in the workspace. You
can move the photo you want to work on so that it appears in front of the others, or if the screen
is getting too crowded, you can minimize the photos that you are not working on, and maximize
and restore them when you are ready. You may notice that when you move the open photos, they
convert to tabs that appear above the current photo in the workspace. Click on the tabs to move
between photos; careful not to click on the X on the tab, this will close the photo.
6. Select one of the photos.
7. Select the Lasso Tool.
8. Click and drag the mouse to create an outline around the subject in the image. Don’t worry about
trying to get the outline extremely close to the subject.
9. Next, click the Rectangular Marquee Tool. Then click the Subtract from Selection tool above the
Main Image window.
10. To move areas of the dotted outline closer to the subject, click and drag a rectangle around the
dotted line that you want to adjust. Be careful not to drag onto the subject. The dotted outline will
move as close to the subject as you drag the rectangle.
11. Next, click the Magic Wand Tool, and again select Subtract from Selection tool above the image.
This tool will allow you to remove stray dotted outline sections. You may need to zoom in to be able
to see the individual dotted sections clearly.
12. Position the tip of the wand cursor on the area you want to remove. Then click. The dotted section
should disappear.
13. Repeat this around the subject wherever necessary. If too much area is removed, go to Edit→Undo.
14. When you are done, the subject in your image should be tightly outlined, as shown in the picture.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
29
Using Exposure Modes
Digital Photography
Outline Around the Subject
15. If necessary, you may also use the Selection Brush Tool to straighten the outline edges by clicking
and dragging, as you saw in the Defining the Process unit. To use this option, review the Selection
Brush section in the Selection Tools appendix.
16. Before pasting your selection onto a new layer, smooth out the edges by using the Feathering
option. Click the Select menu and choose Feather.
17. The Feather Selection dialog box appears. Change the Feather Radius to 1. Click OK.
18. Next, you will paste your selection onto a new layer. Click Edit→Copy to copy the selected area.
19. Then, click Edit→Paste. The subject you copied is automatically pasted on a new layer (Layer 1).
20. Add a third layer by clicking on the Create a New Layer button in the Layers panel (Layer 2).
21. Use the Eyedropper Tool to select a background color for the new layer. Click the Eyedropper Tool
button and then click anywhere on the image background. Look at the Set Foreground/Background
Color area at the bottom of the Toolbox to see the color you’ve selected. If you don’t like the color,
click the Eyedropper Tool in another area of the image background.
22. To fill the background with the color you’ve selected, click the Paint Bucket Tool in the Toolbox. Click
and drag layer 1 to the top and select Layer 2. Then click anywhere on the image background. The
background should fill with color.
23. Click File and select Save. The Save as dialog box appears indicating that your image will be saved
in .psd format. Save your image in your Unit 8 folder. You can leave the file name as it appears.
Since it has a .psd extension, it will not overwrite your original .jpg file.
24. If a Photoshop Elements Format Options information box appears. Click OK.
Cleaning Up the Edges
1. Next, you will clean up any edges that are uneven or still show some of the original background. By
default, the layer that contains only the subject is Layer 1. (You will rename the layers later.) Click
Layer 1.
2. Use the Zoom Tool to zoom in on an area that needs work on the edges. Then right-click on the
Eraser Tool and select Eraser Tool.
3. Choose an eraser size by double-clicking in the Brush Presets drop-down list on the Options Bar
above the image.
4. Click and drag the eraser along any edges that need the old background removed.
Activity Guide
30
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Using Exposure Modes
5. If you erase an area too much, for example, erasing into the subject, use the Smudge Tool to make
repairs. (See the Smudge Tools portion of the Blur Tools appendix for review.)
6. You can also use the Brush Tool to make corrections to your image. See the Brush Tools appendix
for review.
7. When you are done making corrections, zoom in to a normal level. Click the Zoom Tool. Then rightclick on the image and choose Fit on Screen.
8. Currently, three layers appear in the Layers Panel, as shown in the picture below. They should be
named Layer 1, Layer 2, and background. Delete the background layer by selecting the layer and
clicking the Delete Layer button. Click Yes when you are prompted to delete the layer. You may also
click and drag the layer to the Delete Layer button.
Layers Panel
Completing Your Portrait Image
1. Now repeat the editing process for the remaining images in the Project bin. First, use the Lasso Tool
to outline the subject in each image. Then use the Rectangular Marquee Tool and the Magic Wand
Tool to get the outline as close to the subject as possible, as you learned in the first part of this
activity.
2. Once the subject in each separate image is outlined, feather and copy it. Then paste it into the
portrait image.
3. To position layers in front or in back of each other, click and drag the layers in the Layers Panel up
or down into the desired position.
4. Remember to periodically save your work.
5. Once all the layers are in place, use the Smudge, Brush, and Eraser tools to clean up the edges. Be
sure to select the appropriate layer before using the tools.
6. If time permits, experiment with the Color Replacement Tool. Click the Set Foreground Color area in
the tool box. Then select a color from the Color Picker dialog box.
7. Once you’ve selected a color, right-click the Brush Tool and choose Color Replacement Tool. Then
click and drag to alter the color of an object on the selected layer.
8. Rename your layers to keep them organized. Double-click a layer and enter a new name. Then
press Enter.
9. When you are done, the Layers Panel should look similar to the following image.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
31
Using Exposure Modes
Digital Photography
Layers Panel
10. Save your work and exit the software.
11. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
32
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Capturing Motion
Motion Activity
1. Find a location in your classroom or hallway (with your instructor’s permission) where you can take
your pictures undisturbed.
2. Set up the tripod and attach the base of the camera to the tripod head. (If you are unsure of how to
set up the tripod, see the Setting Up the Tripod appendix in this Activity Guide.)
3. Turn on the camera and check your battery power. If the battery is fully charged, no icon will appear
on the monitor. If the battery is losing charge, a battery level indicator will display in the upper right
area of the monitor. If the charge level gets too low, ask your instructor to change the batteries.
4. Change the Shooting mode to Sports by pressing the Shooting mode button and selecting Sports.
Press the center OK button. (You may have to use the right multi-selector button to scroll through
the list to locate the Sports option.)
5. Position the tripod so the camera is facing your partner and is at the proper height for you.
6. Have your partner stand in the location you chose for your motion shot. When you and your partner
are both ready, have your partner perform a motion such as jumping jacks, jumping rope, dribbling a
basketball, hopping in place, or any other motion you previously agreed upon.
7. Look at the LCD panel, and then shoot the image.
8. Set up and shoot two more motion photos.
9. Next, you will try panning. Switch the camera mode to Auto mode and lower the lighting in the room
to slow down the shutter speed.
10. For this shot, have your partner walk across your field of vision and follow him/her with the camera.
Hold the shutter-release button down as you track your partner and continue moving the camera
until the exposure is complete.
11. Remember, when you are panning, you want the subject to be sharp and clear and the background
to be blurred. You may need to practice this shot until you get one or two that look good. Review
your shot each time, and delete any you don’t wish to keep. Try to get up to three good shots.
12. Switch places with your partner and repeat the steps above.
13. Review your photos.
14. If you are unhappy with any photos, and if you have the necessary time, re-shoot the photos.
Downloading images
1. When you are ready to download your images into Adobe Photoshop Elements, ask your instructor
for the USB cable.
2. The small end of the cable plugs into the side of the camera. Move the plastic cover aside to access
the A/V Out port.
3. Plug the other end of the cable into the USB port on your computer.
4. Your computer should recognize the new hardware connection and the Adobe Photo Downloader
will appear automatically on your screen.
5. In the dialog box that appears, under Get Photos from: make sure your camera is selected.
6. Click the Browse button to choose the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive.
Find the folder labeled with your last name. Select it and click OK.
7. In the Create Subfolder area, click the down arrow and choose Custom Name. In the text box, name
the folder “Unit 9XX”, where XX stands for your initials or your last name and first initial.
8. In the Rename Files area, click the down arrow and choose Custom Name. This option assigns
the name you type in the text box to the photo files. It also adds on a number to the file name. For
example, enter your last name followed by the word Motion in the text box. The photos will be saved
as Lastname Motion001, 002, etc.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
33
Capturing Motion
Digital Photography
9. In the Delete Options area, choose After Copying. DO NOT Delete Originals and make sure Open
Organizer When Finished is checked.
10. Save the images by clicking the Get Photos button at the bottom of the dialog box.
11. An information box appears, click OK.
12. The Organizer displays the thumbnails of your photos. To see a larger view of a picture, double-click
the image. To return to the thumbnail view, double-click again.
Once all your images are downloaded, you must delete them from the Organizer. The images remain in
the folder you saved them to on the hard drive. If you don’t delete them from the Organizer, other students
will have access to the photos. Deleting the photos from the Organizer also minimizes the time it takes for
the program to open.
13. Select all the images in the Organizer by selecting one Image and then pressing Ctrl+A. Press the
Delete key.
14. A warning message appears. DO NOT click the check box or your images will be deleted from the
hard drive. Just click the OK button to delete the images from the Organizer only.
15. Unplug the USB cable from the computer and from the camera. Return it to your instructor.
16. If necessary, turn the camera on. Press the Playback button to view your last image. There should
be no other images except yours stored in the camera’s memory. If other images exist, delete only
your images.
Editing Your Images
1. The Elements Organizer should be empty. Click the FIX down arrow and select Full Photo Edit. The
Editor window appears.
2. Click File and select Open.
3. Find your folder in the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive. Double-click
your folder. Then double-click the Unit 9XX folder you created earlier.
4. Your motion files should appear in your folder. Click any one of the motion images, except for the
composite photos. (You will use the composite image in a later unit.) A thumbnail preview of the
image appears at the bottom of the Open dialog box. Preview your other motion photos and select
the one you like the best. Then click the Open button.
5. Click File and select Open. Choose your Advanced Unit 8 folder, and open the layered portrait
image you created that unit.
6. Click on the motion photo that appears in the free floating window to select it. Depending on how
you layered your images in the portrait image, you may wish to adjust the motion image by flipping
it horizontally. To do so, click on the Image menu. Choose Rotate from the drop-down menu. Then
select Flip Horizontally from the top portion of the submenu. DO NOT choose Flip Layer Horizontal
from the bottom portion of the submenu. Your screen should look similar to the picture below.
Activity Guide
34
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Capturing Motion
Motion Image
7. Next, select the image by going to Select→All or pressing Ctrl+A. Copy the image through the Edit
menu or by pressing Ctrl+C.
8. Select the portrait image in the Project bin. Then select the background Layer and paste the motion
image as a new layer by going to Edit→Paste or pressing Ctrl+V.
9. Before continuing, go back to the motion image and close it without saving the changes.
Motion Image as a New Layer
Creating Artistic Effects
In this part of the digital darkroom activity, you will work with adjustment layers. Adjustment layers allow
you to make color and tonal changes to your image without changing the actual pixels. Think of these
layers as filters that affect the layer(s) below.
1. If necessary, rearrange the portrait layers by clicking and dragging the layer(s) to the desired area.
2. Next, in the Layers Bin, click and drag the motion layer so it is under the Portrait 1 layer. Then
rename it to Motion 1. At this point, Portrait 2 and Portrait 3 are not visible in the Image Window
because they are behind the motion image.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
35
Capturing Motion
Digital Photography
3. Select Portrait 1” in the Layers Bin and add an adjustment layer by clicking the Create new fill or
adjustment layer button below the layers list. Choose Levels from the drop-down menu.
4. If necessary, drag the dialog box so that you can see most of your image. Then use the sliders to
lighten the image. When you are done, close the Levels window.
5. Turn off the layer visibility on the Motion 1 layer by clicking the Indicates Layer Visibility icon to the
left of the layer. This allows you to see the layers beneath.
6. Select Portrait 2 in the Layers Bin and add an adjustment layer. Select Photo Filter from the dropdown menu.
7. Click the Filter drop-down arrow and choose Sepia from the list. Then drag the Density slider all the
way to the right, or to 100%. Close the window.
8. Next, select the Portrait 3 layer in the Layers Bin and add an adjustments layer. Choose Hue/
Saturation from the drop-down menu.
9. Drag the Hue slider to the right until the image turns bluish. Close the window.
Each adjustment layer you’ve added is automatically named after the effect you applied. Your adjustment
layer names should be Levels 1, Photo Filter 1, and Hue/Saturation 1. If the entire name isn’t visible,
place your mouse over the name and the full name will appear.
10. Select the Hue/Saturation 1 layer and create an adjustment layer, choosing Threshold from the
drop-down menu. The threshold affects sharpness. A high threshold number sharpens areas of high
contrast.
11. Drag the slider to the right until “211” appears in the Threshold Level field.
12. Next to the Opacity field in the Layers Bin is the Set Blending Mode drop-down list. By default,
“Normal” is selected. Click the drop-down arrow and choose Soft Light from the list.
13. Your screen should look similar to the picture below.
Working with Adjustment Layers
14. Next, select the Photo Filter 1 layer. Create an adjustment layer, choosing Gradient Map (not
Gradient) from the menu.
15. In the Gradient Map dialog box, click the drop-down arrow next to the color bar and choose a
gradient type. Close this box.
16. Check the Dither and Reverse check boxes. Then close this box.
17. Next, you will make the adjusted portrait layers visible on the Motion 1 layer you created earlier.
Click the Layer visibility icon on Motion Layer 1. To select both the Portrait 2 and Portrait 3 layers,
hold down the Ctrl key and select the Portrait 2 layer. Then hold Ctrl+Shift and select the Portrait 3
Activity Guide
36
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Capturing Motion
layer (make sure to click on the graphics when selecting the layers). Click on the Motion 1 layer. The
two selected layers appear as dotted lines on the motion layer, as shown in the picture below.
Making Adjusted Portrait Layers Visible
18. Click the Select menu and choose Feather. Set the Feather Radius to 1, and click OK.
19. Press the Delete key to “cut out” the dotted section of the Motion 1 layer and reveal the portrait
layers below. Click the Select menu and choose Deselect, or press Ctrl +D. Your screen should look
similar to the picture below.
Using the Feather Effect
20. Next, select the Gradient Map 1 layer. Choose a blending mode of your choice from the Set
Blending Mode drop-down list that appears next to the Opacity field.
Applying Styles and Effects
1. Select the Portrait 1 layer.
2. In the Effects palette, select Layer Styles (second button). Click on the drop-down arrow and select
Drop Shadows.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
37
Capturing Motion
Digital Photography
Effects Palette – Drop Shadows Option
3. Select Low from the drop shadow options, or experiment with the other options and choose one that
you prefer and click Apply.
4. An Indicates Layer Style icon now appears on the Portrait 1 layer in the Layer Bin. Double-click the
icon to access the Style Settings dialog box.
5. Adjust the lighting angle by clicking and dragging the Lighting Angle indicator. When you are
satisfied with the results, click OK.
6. Next, select the Motion 1 layer. Choose Bevels from the Select a Library drop-down list.
7. Select Simple Inner from the Bevel options, or experiment with the other options and choose one
that you prefer. Click Apply.
8. Double-click the Indicates Layer Style icon on the Motion 1 layer. Adjust the lighting angle and
experiment with the bevel settings at the bottom of the dialog box. To leave your image as it was
before you made any changes, click the Cancel button. Otherwise, click OK to apply your changes.
9. Create a copy of the Motion 1 layer by clicking and dragging it to the Create New Layer button at the
top of the Layers Palette.
10. Select the Motion 1 Copy layer. Under Effects, select Filters (first button) and choose Blur from the
drop-down list. Then select Motion Blur from the options displayed. Leave the Angle set to “0”. Drag
the Distance slider to the right until it creates a motion effect you like. A setting in the 150-160 area
should be appropriate.
Effects Palette – Blur Option
11. Set the blending mode of this layer to Pin Light.
12. Save your work and exit the software.
13. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
38
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Creating Digital Compositions
Panorama Activity
1. Find a location in your classroom or hallway (with your instructor’s permission) where you can take
your pictures undisturbed.
2. Set up the tripod and attach the base of the camera to the tripod head. (If you are unsure of how to
set up the tripod, see the Setting Up the Tripod appendix in this Activity Guide.)
3. Turn on the camera and check your battery power. If the battery is fully charged, no icon will appear
on the monitor. If the battery is losing charge, a battery level indicator will display in the upper right
area of the monitor. If the charge level gets too low, ask your instructor to change the batteries.
4. Change the Shooting mode to Panorama assist by pressing Shooting mode button and selecting
Panorama assist. Press the center OK button. (You may have to use the multi-selector to scroll
through the list that appears to the right of the second shooting mode option to locate Panorama
assist.)
5. Use the multi-selector to set the panning direction. In this case, you are going to shoot the images
left to right. So, choose the right-facing arrow. Once you choose the arrow direction, press the
center OK button.
6. Set up your shot, and then shoot the first image. After you shoot the image you will see that about
one-third of the image is superimposed on the side of the LCD panel. This allows you to line up your
next image using the superimposed image as a guide.
7. Line up the image for the second part of the panorama. Shoot the image.
8. Repeat this process for the remaining shot(s). Press the center OK button after the last shot.
9. Switch places with your partner and repeat the steps above.
10. Switch from shooting to playback mode to review your photos.
11. If you are unhappy with any photos, and if you have the necessary time, re-shoot the photos.
Downloading images
1. When you are ready to download your images into Adobe Photoshop Elements, ask your instructor
for the USB cable.
2. The small end of the cable plugs into the side of the camera. Move the plastic cover aside to access
the A/V Out port.
3. Plug the other end of the cable into the USB port on your computer.
4. Your computer should recognize the new hardware connection and the Adobe Photo Downloader
will appear automatically on your screen.
5. In the dialog box that appears, click the down arrow under Get Photos from: make sure your camera
is selected.
6. Click the Browse button to choose the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive.
Find the folder labeled with your last name. Select it and click OK.
7. In the Create Subfolder(s) area, click on the down arrow and choose Custom Name. In the text box,
name the folder “Unit 10XX”, where XX stands for your initials or your last name and first initial.
8. In the Rename Files area, click on the down arrow and choose Custom Name. This option assigns
the name you type in the text box to the photo files. It also adds on a number to the file name. For
example, enter your last name followed by the word Panorama in the text box. The photos will be
saved as Lastname Panorama001, 002, etc.
9. In the Delete Options area, choose After Copying. DO NOT Delete Originals and make sure Open
Organizer When Finished is checked.
10. Save the images by clicking the Get Photos button at the bottom of the dialog box.
11. An information box appears, click OK.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
39
Creating Digital Compositions
Digital Photography
12. The Organizer displays the thumbnails of your photos. To see a larger view of a picture, double-click
the image. To return to the thumbnail view, double-click again.
Once all your images are downloaded, you must delete them from the Organizer. The images remain in
the folder you saved them to on the hard drive. If you don’t delete them from the Organizer, other students
will have access to the photos. Deleting the photos from the Organizer also minimizes the time it takes for
the program to open.
13. Select all the images in the Organizer by selecting one Image and then pressing Ctrl+A. Press the
Delete key.
14. A warning message appears. DO NOT click the check box or your images will be deleted from the
hard drive. Just click the OK button to delete the images from the Organizer only.
15. Unplug the USB cable from the computer and from the camera. Return it to your instructor.
16. If necessary, turn the camera on. Press the Playback button to view your last image. There should
be no other images except yours stored in the camera’s memory. If other images exist, delete only
your images.
17. Turn off the camera and return it to your instructor.
Editing Your Images
1. The Elements Organizer should be empty. Click the FIX down arrow and select Full Photo Edit. The
Editor window appears.
2. Click the Open button on the Standard toolbar.
3. Find your folder in the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive. Double-click
your folder. Then double-click the Unit 10XX folder you created earlier. Your panorama files should
appear in your folder. Select all the files. Then click the Open button.
4. Your photos open into a free floating window, and thumbnails of each image appear in the Project
Bin at the bottom of the screen.
5. Select the first image. Click on the Image menu and choose Resize. Then choose Image Size from
the submenu. Make sure Resample Image is checked.
6. Change the pixel size to 800 x 600. As you change the width to 800 the Height field will
automatically change. In the example shown in the picture below, the Height field is 599. It’s all right
if the number isn’t exactly 600.
Image Size Set-up Box
7. Click OK.
Activity Guide
40
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Creating Digital Compositions
8. Click on the Image menu again. Select Resize→Canvas Size. The Canvas Size dialog box appears.
This allows you to create the canvas on which you will build your panorama. First, in your head,
round off the number that appears in the Width field (in the New Size section of the dialog box).
Multiply that number by the number of photos you shot for your panorama. Enter the result in the
Width field. This will ensure that the canvas is long enough to fit all your photos.
In the picture below, the original canvas width was the size of the selected image: 2.667 inches. That was
rounded off to 2.7 and multiplied by the number of photos, which is eight. The result was 21.6, which was
then rounded to 22. You may enter the exact dimension if you prefer.
Canvas Size Set-up Box
9. Since you shot your panorama from left to right, click the left-facing arrow in the Anchor section.
This will place your first photo in the far left position on the canvas. Then click OK. Your screen
should look similar to the picture below.
Placing Panorama Photos on the Canvas
10. Select your second panorama photo. Click on the Image menu and choose Resize→Image Size.
Change the dimensions to 800 x 600 and click OK.
11. Click on the Select menu and choose All. Copy the second image by pressing Ctrl+C or using the
Edit menu.
12. Switch back to the canvas you created earlier by clicking on it in the Project Bin. Paste the second
image onto the canvas by pressing Ctrl+V or using the Edit menu.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
41
Creating Digital Compositions
Digital Photography
13. At this point, there are two layers in the Layers Bin: Background and Layer 1. Rename Layer 1 to
correspond with that image’s place in your panorama. In this case, you should have selected your
second image, the name of which ended in 002. Change Layer 1 to 002.
14. Close the second image by clicking the lower X in the upper right corner of the screen. Click No
when prompted to save your changes.
15. Repeat the resize, copy, paste, rename, and close process for the rest of your panorama photos.
As you paste the images on the canvas, they may cover other images. Click and drag to move
any overlapping. Don’t worry about perfect placement. You will have the opportunity to line up your
photos once you have finished filling the canvas.
16. Remember, the order of the layer in the Layers Bin determines which layers are in front of others.
In order to be able to set up your panorama, the Layers Bin should display the layers from highest
number to lowest.
17. Hide all the layers except the background layer and layer 002. It’s easier to work with the layers one
at a time without clutter. To hide the layers, click the Layer Visibility icon next to each layer.
18. Click layer 002 so the layer is selected. Above the layers in the Layers Bin, you will see an Opacity
setting. Currently, it is set to 100%. Change this number to 50%. The second layer becomes
opaque, or partially transparent.
19. Click and drag the layer so that the left part of the image lines up with the corresponding area on the
right side of the background layer. Once the layers are properly aligned, change the Opacity setting
back to 100%.
20. Select layer 003 in the Layers Bin to unhide the image. Repeat the process above to align the
remaining layers.
21. If you discover that you don’t have enough canvas room to fit the final layer, select the background
layer. Then go to Image→Resize→Canvas Size and change the Width field to a higher number.
22. Next, you must remove any excess canvas. Click the Rectangular MarqueeTool. Starting at the
bottom right corner of the last image in the panorama, click and drag up and to the left until the
entire panorama is selected. If you make a mistake, right-click within the image and choose
Deselect. Then start again.
23. Next, click on the Image menu and select Crop. The excess canvas is cropped out of your
panorama.
24. Click the Layer menu and select Merge Visible. All the layers merge into one to become one image.
25. Save your file. The Save as dialog box appears. Save your image with your last name and the word
Panorama.
26. Click Save. Then click OK in the JPEG Options dialog box that appears.
27. To blend the seams between images, use the Clone Stamp Tool and/or the Healing Brush Tool. To
use these tools you must first hold down the Alt key and click on a source point in the image. The
source point is the area you want to mimic to fix or blend the pixels in the repair area.
28. Once you have a source point release the Alt key. Then click or click and drag the area you want to
blend. It might help to zoom in on your image in order to repair the seams more easily.
29. Repeat this process on all the seams in your panorama image.
30. When you are done, save your work and exit the software.
31. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
42
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Creating Digital Compositions
Working with Layer Masks
In this activity, you will learn how to join your photos together to make a new composition using layer
masks.
You will first learn this technique using photos that have been provided for you. Later, you will use photos
that you have taken in previous activities.
Effects and Filters
1. Open the Photoshop Elements application. When the Welcome screen appears, click on EDIT.
2. Click EDIT Full from the Options listed for EDIT.
3. For this part of the activity, you will use photos provided for you. Click File and select Open.
4. Navigate to C:\Digital Photography\Supplemental Files\Layer Masks folder.
5. Select the “snow boarder” and “trees” files. Then click the Open button.
6. Place the two photos side by side, making sure not to drag the photos too close to the top edge so
they DO NOT convert into tabs. If this happens, drag the photos back into the main screen area.
Snow Boarder and trees pictures in PS Elements Window
7. You want to drag the trees photo into the snow boarder photo. First, select the Move Tool. Now click
on the trees photo and drag it into the snow boarder photo; when you see the outline around the
snow boarder photo, release the mouse.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
43
Creating Digital Compositions
Digital Photography
Snow Boarder and Trees Pictures Joined Together
8. Drag the trees photo so it is centered, completely covering the snow boarder photo.
9. Now close the trees photo (select the x) so that the only image that is on the screen is the new one
you just created.
10. You will now make the new image bigger by first selecting the Zoom Tool. Then click the Resize
Windows to Fit box that appears below the Menu bar. Click on the 1:1 button.
Zoom Tool Bar
11. You’ll notice you have two layers in the Layers Panel. The trees photo is in the top layer. “Layer 1”
was created automatically when you dragged the trees photo into the snow boarder photo. Name
that layer “Trees” by double-clicking “Layer 1”. Enter Trees and press the Enter key.
12. The snow boarder photo layer is named “Background” and the layer is locked. Since the layer is
named Background, you will not be able to change the stacking order of the layer or move the layer.
Let’s change that layer into a regular layer. Double-click on “Background” and rename the layer to
“Snow Boarder”. Click OK.
The Trees layer is above the Snow Boarder layer, so you can’t see the snow boarder at all in the new
image. You need to hide part of the trees layer so you can see down through part of the Trees layer to the
content of part of the Snow Boarder layer below. You are going to use a layer mask to do that.
13. Click on the Snow Boarder layer so it is selected. Now select the Create new fill or adjustment layer
button below the layers list. Choose Levels from the drop-down menu.
14. The Levels Adjustment layer appears above the Snow Boarder layer. Close the Adjustments
window.
15. You can now make use of this layer mask to blend part of the Snow Boarder layer with part of
the Trees layer. You need to first clip the new Adjustment layer to the Trees layer. To do this, hold
down the Alt key on your keyboard and move the mouse to the line that separates the Trees and
Adjustment layers. Your mouse will change into a double-circle icon. When you see the icon appear,
click the line between the layers and then release the Alt key.
Activity Guide
44
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Creating Digital Compositions
16. The Adjustment level should still be selected. Make sure black is selected as the foreground color
in the Toolbox, and then select the Gradient Tool. You will be making a Linear gradient; so the
transition will go from one side of the image to the other. Click the Linear Gradient box.
Gradient Tool Bar
17. Move your mouse to the left side of the image and drag the gradient line to the right side of the
image, and release the mouse. You’ll see the snow boarder image is showing through.
Snow Boarder Layer Shown in the Foreground
18. To get more of the snow boarder to show, click on the Brush Tool, increase the brush size to
approximately 100 px, and click in the image to reveal more of the snow boarder.
19. You may find that you need to clone some of the background or parts of your image to create a
more natural looking composition. To do this, click on the Clone Stamp Tool and adjust the size of
your stamp in the Options menu that now appears below the Menu bar. Move your cursor to an area
on your image that you would like to ‘copy’ somewhere else and press the Alt key on the keyboard
(the cursor changes shape) and click to set the ‘clone’ action. Then move to any area on your image
that you want to copy this to and begin clicking. Continue this until your new composition is to your
liking. Remember, you can always select Undo if you make a mistake.
20. Save your new image in the Unit 10XX folder you created earlier. Name your image “TEST”.
21. You will now pick two of your photos that you have saved in previous units and merge them to
create a new composition. You can also browse the C:\Digital Photography\Supplemental Files\
Layer Masks folder and use one of those photos with one of your own.
22. When you open your photos, resize the images so that they are about the same size.
23. When you are finished save your work in your “Unit10XX” folder. Name your image
“COMPOSITION”. Exit the software.
24. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
45
Color Modes
Digital Photography
Self-Portrait
For this shot, it is your choice whether or not to use the tripod. You may either hold the camera so it is
pointed toward you or turn the camera on the tripod so that it is pointed at you.
1. Find a location in your classroom or hallway (with your instructor’s permission) where you can take
your pictures undisturbed. Shoot several images. One in Standard Color and the rest using different
color options.
2. Turn the camera around, or stand in front of the tripod. Stay close enough to reach the shutterrelease button. And, be sure to express yourself. Shoot your image.
3. Next, experiment with different color options. Set the camera to Auto mode. Then press the Menu
button. Use the rotary dial to access Color options. Press the center OK button to see the Color
Options menu.
4. Choose a color option and press the center OK button. Then press the Menu button to exit.
5. Shoot a few more self-portraits, each with a different color option applied.
6. When you and your partner are done, download your images as you’ve done in previous units,
creating an Unit11XX folder in which to save your images.
Downloading images
Once all your images are downloaded, you must delete them from the Organizer. The images remain in
the folder you saved them to on the hard drive. If you don’t delete them from the Organizer, other students
will have access to the photos. Deleting the photos from the Organizer also minimizes the time it takes for
the program to open.
1. Select all the images in the Organizer by selecting one Image and then pressing Ctrl+A. Press the
Delete key.
2. A warning message appears. DO NOT click the check box. Just click the OK button to delete the
images from the Organizer only.
3. Unplug the USB cable from the computer and from the camera. Return it to your instructor.
4. If necessary, turn the camera on. Press the Playback button to view your last image. There should
be no other images except yours stored in the camera’s memory. If other images exist, delete only
your images by pressing the Delete button on the back of the camera. The monitor will display
“Erase 1 image(s)?” Use the rotary dial to choose Yes. Then press the center OK button to delete.
Repeat this for each of your images.
5. If your images are the only ones stored in the camera’s memory, press the Playback button. Next,
press the Menu button on the camera. Use the rotary dial to select Delete. Then press the center
OK button. Select Erase all images and press the center OK button on the rotary dial.
6. Choose Yes on the Erasing all images screen and press the center OK button.
7. Turn off the camera and return it to your instructor. You will edit these images later in this unit.
8. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
46
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Color Modes
All About Me Activity
Save your work frequently. When you save your work after adding new layers, the Save as dialog box will
appear with the current filename in the Name field. Just click Save without renaming your file. Then click
Yes when asked if you want to replace the existing file, and click OK in the Format Options message box
that appears.
1. Open the Photoshop Elements application. When the Welcome screen appears, click on EDIT.
2. Click EDIT Full from the Options listed for EDIT.
3. Click File and select Open.
4. Find your folder in the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive. Double-click
your folder. Then double-click the Unit 11XX folder you created earlier. Your self-portrait files should
appear in your folder. Select all the files and click Open.
5. Select your first self-portrait. Click on the Filter menu and select Artistic. Then choose Cutout from
the submenu. Then click Apply.
6. The Cutout dialog box appears with your image previewed on the left. On the right side of the dialog
box, set the Number of Levels field to “8”. Then set the Edge Simplicity field to “5” and the Edge
Fidelity field to “2”. Click OK. Your screen should look similar to the picture below.
Cutout Dialog Box
7. Click and drag the Background layer to the Create a New Layer button at the bottom left of the layer
area to create a Background Copy layer.
8. Select the original Background Layer. Then press Shift+Backspace to open the Fill Layer dialog box.
9. In the Contents area, change the Use: field to Black, as shown in the picture below. Then click OK.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
47
Color Modes
Digital Photography
Fill Layer Dialog Box
10. Double-click the original Background Layer. In the New Layer dialog box, enter the name Black BG.
Click OK. Save your image as XXSelfPortraitProject, where XX represents your initials.
11. Select the Background Copy layer. Then select the Move Tool and move the image about an inch to
the left.
12. Select the Brush Tool and set the Opacity (on the Options Bar) to 100% and the size of the brush to
approximately 25 px. Make sure the foreground color is black and blend the right edge of the image
into the black background.
13. Select the Custom Shape Tool. On the Options Bar, select the down-arrow in the Shape box, then
the side-arrows, and select a talk bubble from the drop-down list.
14. Click and drag to create a talk bubble to the right of your self-portrait, as shown in the picture below.
Adding a Talk Bubble
15. Select the Text Tool. Use the Options Bar to choose your font, font size, and font color.
16. Click on the text bubble and type your text. You may type, “Hi! My name is [first name], and this is
my portrait project.” Or you may enter text of your own.
Activity Guide
48
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
Color Modes
17. Use the Move Tool to place your text where you want it. Be sure to select the Text layer before you
try to move the text.
18. You can also select the Text layer and press Ctrl+T to use the Free Transform box. Use the resize
handles to stretch the text area so it fits the bubble. Or, click and drag on the border to move the
text. Select another layer to remove the Free Transform box from your image.
19. When you are done, click on the Layer menu and choose Merge Visible. (This option won’t be
available if you are still in Free Transform mode.) Rename the layer 001. Save your work.
Copying and Pasting Layers
1. Select your second self-portrait. Press Ctrl+A to select the image. Then press Ctrl+C to copy it to
the clipboard. Close the image without saving.
2. Switch back to your Self-Portrait Project image and paste the layer by pressing Ctrl+V. Rename the
layer 002.
3. Repeat this copy/paste process for the remaining images until they are all new layers in your
project. Rename each layer according to its original number.
4. Organize the layers so that they are listed from highest number to lowest number.
5. If you would like to adjust the color of any of the images, use the tools you’ve learned so far. Use the
Visibility icons to hide and unhide the layers as necessary.
Applying Filters
1. Select layer 002. To apply the same cutout filter you used in the 001 layer, press Ctrl+F. If you would
like to experiment with different filters, go to the Filter menu and select Filter Gallery. (If Filter Gallery
appears twice in the menu, select the option that DOES NOT also display Ctrl+F.) Experiment with
the various filters.
2. Repeat this process for each layer. You may also add text to other layers. Save your work as you
go.
Creating an Animation
1. You must be sure that a viewer has plenty of time to see each image in the animation, especially if
there is text on the image. Create at least one copy of each layer by clicking and dragging the layer
onto the Create a New Layer icon.
2. Next, resize the project by clicking on the Image menu and selecting Resize. Choose Image Size
from the submenu.
3. Change the width to 400. The Height field will automatically change to 299. Click OK.
4. Click the File menu and select Save for Web. The Save for Web dialog box appears.
5. On the right side of the dialog box, choose GIF from the list of format options. Be sure Transparency
and Animate are checked. Then set the Frame Delay (at the bottom right) to 0.5. Your dialog box
settings should appear as shown in the picture below.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
49
Color Modes
Digital Photography
Save for the Web Dialog Box
6. Before saving the animation, preview it in your browser by clicking the Preview In: button at the
bottom of the dialog box.
7. If you want individual frames to stay on-screen longer, cancel out of the Save for Web dialog box
and create more copies of the appropriate layers. Then repeat the steps above.
8. When you are happy with the animation, click OK. The Save Optimized As dialog box appears. The
filename at the bottom should be XX_SelfPortrait Project, where XX represents your initials or last
name. Be sure the Save in: field at the top displays your Unit11 folder. Then click Save.
9. When the dialog box closes, your screen returns to your original .psd file.
10. To play your animation outside of Elements, navigate to the file in its directory. Right-click on it and
choose Open with. Select your browser from the submenu. If your browser doesn’t appear in the
submenu, select Choose Program and find your browser in the list of programs. Then click OK.
11. Save your work and exit the software.
12. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
50
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
A Professional Portfolio
Commercial Photography Project
Open the Photoshop Elements application.
Review the project options below, and decide which one you want to complete. You may use photos
you’ve already taken throughout this course, or shoot new images. Ask your instructor for the
“Commercial Project Proposal Data Sheet.” Fill out the data sheet and return it to your instructor for
approval. Once your proposal is approved, you may begin your project.
Photojournalism/Documentary Project
A series of photographs used to tell a story
• Include a minimum of three images.
• Select a person, place, or thing to capture in a series.
• Use either black and white or color photos.
• DO NOT significantly alter the images. Photojournalism relies on the real images.
• Include appropriately formatted text.
• Select size of images: 4" x 6" or 8" x 10"
Commercial Photography Project
Studio photography where elements are set up to express the photographer’s concept
• Prepare a full-page advertisement for a magazine.
• Choose type of magazine: technical, sports, food, fashion, hobby, news, etc.
• Choose subject related to magazine choice.
• Select either black and white or color photos. This will depend on the printing requirements specific
to the type of magazine you selected.
• Use digital tools for artistic effect.
• Include appropriately formatted text.
• Include additional objects such as a banner, logo, or masthead.
Fine Art Photography Project
Capturing an object or objects in a way that expresses an emotion or sentiment
• Prepare a composite of several images, objects, and text.
• Select either black and white or color photos.
• Include appropriately formatted text.
• Use multiple filters and effects in Elements.
• Create appropriate layers for each piece of the composite.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
51
A Professional Portfolio
Digital Photography
1. If you decide to shoot new photos, you and your partner might consider assuming separate roles.
One person can be the photographer and the other can be the graphic designer.
2. Use the skills you’ve learned in this course to shoot, download, and digitally enhance your images.
Remember, if you chose the Photojournalism Project, limit your enhancements to correcting flaws
such as exposure errors, contrast, etc. The photo itself should not be altered.
3. Remember to save your images to a new subfolder named Unit 12XX that you create within your
folder in your class period directory. The Photos should be saved as lastname Project001, 002 etc,
as you have done in previous units.
4. When you are done, save your work and exit the software.
5. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
52
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Digital Photography
A Professional Portfolio
Completing Your Projects and Portfolio
Take time now to complete any unfinished activities. Refer to the appropriate unit(s) in this Activity Guide
for directions.
When you are done, be sure to save your work and exit the software.
Printing Drafts
1. Open the Photoshop Elements application. When the Welcome screen appears, click on EDIT.
2. Click EDIT Full from the Options listed for EDIT.
3. Click File and select Open.
4. Find your folder in the digital photography\class period directory on your hard drive. Double-click
your folder. Then double-click the Unit 12XX folder you created earlier.
5. Open your project in your Unit 12 folder. Click the File menu and choose Print. The Print Preview
dialog box appears.
6. In the Print Size drop-down box at the upper right, select either 4" x 6" or 8" x 10".
7. If you want to change the page orientation from Portrait to Landscape, click the Page Setup button.
Select Landscape in the Orientation section. Then click OK.
8. Click the Print button and be sure your printer is selected in the Printer dialog box. Then click OK.
9. Follow the procedure above for any remaining project images.
10. Close all the photo files, but DO NOT exit the software.
Completing Data Sheets
1. Use a Project Data Sheet and enough blank sheets of paper for all the photographs that are part of
your project. You will use one data sheet for the photography project you completed.
2. Also ask your instructor for a three-hole punch. Use the hole punch to create binder holes on your
paper. Do this before you mount your photos on the data sheet and paper.
3. Fill out the data sheet for your project. Then insert the data sheet and the drafts into your binder.
4. Show your portfolio to your instructor. Your instructor will direct you on which photos to print as final
images on the photo paper provided.
5. Print the photos on the photo paper. Mount the final photos on the back of the data sheet (if you only
have one photo) and on the blank sheets of paper (if you have more than one photo). Return the
data sheet and photos to your binder.
NOTE: If you have plastic sheet protectors, insert the data sheets and photos into the
sheet protectors and then arrange them in your binder.
Burning photos onto a CD
1. Ask your instructor for a CD-R and envelope. Put the CD-R in the CD/DVD drive.
2. Click the Organizer button above the Main Image window to access the Organizer.
3. In the Organizer window, click the File menu and choose Get Photos and Videos→From Files and
Folders.
4. If necessary, navigate to your folder in the class period directory so that all the Unit folders you
created are visible.
5. Select all your Unit folders by holding down the Ctrl key and clicking once on each folder or by
clicking once on one folder and then pressing Ctrl+A. Then click the Get Photos button.
6. Once your images download, an information box may appear, as shown in the picture below. Click
OK.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
53
A Professional Portfolio
Digital Photography
Get Photos and Videos Information Box
7. Select all the photos in the Organizer by clicking the first photo and then pressing Ctrl+A, or by
going to the Edit menu and choosing Select All.
8. Click the Share tab.
Share Tab
9. Click the CD/DVD option that appears under How would you like to share? The Make a CD/DVD
dialog box appears. Click on the destination drive and enter your name in the Name field. Click OK.
10. Allow the burn process to proceed without canceling it. When the process is complete, you will be
prompted to verify the disc to make sure no errors occurred. Click Verify.
11. Once the disc has been verified, an information box appears reminding you to write your name on
the disc. Click OK.
12. A Move Offline information box appears verifying that you want to delete your images from the hard
drive. Click Yes and then OK.
13. Remove the CD from the CD/DVD drive and write your name on the CD. Put the CD in inside one of
the plastic sheet protectors to protect it from scratches.
14. Select all the images in the Organizer and then press the Delete key. A confirmation dialog box
appears, click OK.
15. Exit the software.
16. Open Windows Explorer and locate your folder within the class period directory on the C: drive.
Right-click on your folder in the Folders pane on the left side of the window. Choose Delete.
17. Click Yes in the Confirm Folder Delete message box.
18. Exit Windows Explorer.
19. Once you’ve exited the software, go to the next section in the multimedia presentation.
Activity Guide
54
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Appendix A—Safety
Appendix A—Safety
Safety is everyone’s responsibility. All must cooperate to create the safest possible working environment.
Remember that there is potential for harm in any work area. Follow the common-sense safety rules
presented in the multimedia presentation and by your instructor.
Any environment can be hazardous when it is unfamiliar. The Tech-Design laboratory may be a new
environment to you. Make sure you use the equipment in the manner intended by the manufacturer. Your
instructor will provide the necessary introduction to the learning environment and the equipment.
Here are some basic rules that you should make part of your everyday routine:
•
Make sure your behavior is appropriate to the workplace. (No clowning.)
•
Avoid loose-fitting clothing, jewelry, or other items that could get caught in the equipment.
•
Report any injuries to the instructor.
•
Keep areas clean and uncluttered.
•
Familiarize yourself with proper equipment operation and procedures.
•
Obey all other safety rules set forth by your school, instructor, and equipment manufacturers.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
55
Appendix A—Safety
Activity Guide
56
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Appendix B—Setting Up the Tripod
Appendix B—Setting Up the Tripod
1. Choose a flat surface.
2. Pull the legs away from the center support until the tripod rests evenly on all three legs.
3. Extend the legs to the desired height by loosening the clamps along the length of each leg.
4. Pull the legs out to the desired length and tighten the clamps to secure each leg.
5. Attach the base of the camera to the tripod head.
6. Adjust the tripod head to the desired angle using the pivoting arm attached to the mount.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
57
Appendix B—Setting Up the Tripod
Activity Guide
58
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Appendix C—Using Adobe Photoshop Elements
Appendix C—Using Adobe Photoshop Elements
Quick Fix Tools
Smart Fix: Adjusts the lighting and color.
Levels: Adjusts the contrast of an image and may affect its
color.
Contrast: Adjusts the contrast of an image without affecting its
color.
Lighten Shadows: Lightens the darkest areas of the photo
without affecting the lighter areas.
Darken Highlights: Darkens the lightest areas of the photo
without affecting the shadows.
Midtone Contrast: Adjusts the contrast within the areas
that are halfway between pure white and pure black without
affecting the more extreme highlights or shadows.
Color: Adjusts the contrast and color by identifying shadows,
midtones, and highlights in the photo.
Saturation: Adjusts the depth or vividness of colors.
Hue: Shifts all colors in an image toward a particular hue or
tone.
Temperature: Adjusts colors toward warmer (by adding reds)
or cooler (by adding blues).
Tint: Adjusts colors toward green or magenta. This control is
used to fine-tune the colors after applying the Temperature
control.
Sharpen: Sharpens the photo. Use the Auto button to apply
the default amount of sharpening. Use the slider to control the
sharpening.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
59
Appendix C—Using Adobe Photoshop Elements
Selection Tools
Listed in the table below are the selection tools found at the left side of the Main Image window. Each tool
has its own set of options that appear above the Main Image window. Experiment with these options as
you use the tools.
Rectangular Marquee Tool
Use this tool to select rectangular or oval (elliptical)
areas.
Marquee Options
Access options by clicking the arrow at the bottom right
corner of the Marquee Tool. Here you can choose to use
the Rectangular Marquee Tool or the Elliptical Marquee
Tool.
Lasso Tool
The Lasso Tool allows you to draw or trace around an
object freehand style, similar to using a pencil.
Lasso Options
Access options by clicking the arrow at the bottom right
corner of the Lasso Tool or right-clicking on the Lasso
Tool button. Here you can choose to use the Lasso Tool,
the Magnetic Lasso Tool, or the Polygonal Lasso Tool.
Magnetic Lasso Tool
Use this tool to select areas with irregular shapes.
The Magnetic Lasso draws a selection border that
automatically snaps to edges of objects you drag over in
the photo.
Polygonal Lasso Tool
The Polygonal Lasso Tool allows you to draw straightedged segments of a selection border. You can create as
many segments as you need to draw a selection border.
Magic Wand Tool
The Magic Wand Tool allows you to make selections
based on color by selecting pixels within a similar color
range. It is useful for large areas of similar color such as
a blue sky or a field of same-color flowers.
Activity Guide
60
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Appendix C—Using Adobe Photoshop Elements
Selection Brush Tool
The Selection Brush Tool allows you to brush over the
areas you want to change, or over the areas you want
to leave unchanged. You control it through the Mode list
in the Options Bar above the image. Choose selection
to select the area you want to change. Choose Mask to
select the area you want to leave unchanged.
Blur Tools
Blur Tool
The Blur Tool softens hard edges and reduces detail.
Select a brush size from the Options Bar above the
image. Then click and drag over the area you want to
blur.
Blur Tool Options
Access options by clicking the arrow at the bottom right
corner of the Blur Tool or right-clicking on the Blur Tool
button. Here you can choose to use the Blur Tool, the
Sharpen Tool, or the Smudge Tool.
Sharpen Tool
Use this tool to focus soft edges in order to increase
clarity in your image.
Smudge Tool
The Smudge Tool pushes and pulls pixels in your image
as you drag, as if you were pulling your finger through
fresh paint. This tool is helpful when detail isn’t important
and you want to smooth over flaws in the image.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
61
Appendix C—Using Adobe Photoshop Elements
Eraser Tools
Eraser Tool
The Eraser Tool changes pixels in the image as you drag
through them. Erased pixels change to the background
color. If you’re working on the Background layer or on a
layer with locked transparency; otherwise, erased pixels
become transparent. Transparent pixels are indicated by
the gray and white transparency grid.
Eraser Tool Options
Access options by clicking the arrow at the bottom right
corner of the Eraser Tool, or right-clicking on the Eraser
Tool button. Here you can choose to use the Eraser Tool,
the Background Eraser Tool, or the Magic Eraser Tool.
Background Eraser Tool
The Background Eraser tool turns color pixels to
transparent pixels when you click and drag in a picture so
that you can remove an object from its background.
Magic Eraser Tool
The Magic Eraser tool changes all similar pixels when
you click and drag in a photo. You can choose to erase
contiguous pixels (pixels that are next to each other) only
or all similar pixels on the current layer.
Activity Guide
62
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
Appendix C—Using Adobe Photoshop Elements
Type Tools
Horizontal Type Tool
The Horizontal Type Tool allows you to place text
horizontally on your image. The text is automatically
placed in a new layer.
Type Tool Options
Access options by clicking the arrow at the bottom right
corner of the Horizontal Type Tool, or right-clicking on
the Horizontal Type Tool button. Here you can choose
to use the Horizontal Type Tool, the Vertical Type Tool,
the Horizontal Type Mask Tool, or the Vertical Type Mask
Tool.
Vertical Type Tool
The Vertical Type Tool allows you to place text vertically
on your image. The text is automatically placed in a new
layer.
Horizontal Type Mask Tool
The Horizontal Type Tool allows you to place text
horizontally on your image. The text is then automatically
converted to a selection in the shape of your text rather
than editable text.
Vertical Type Mask Tool
The Vertical Type Tool allows you to place text vertically
on your image. The text is then automatically converted to
a selection in the shape of your text rather than editable
text.
Activity Guide
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt
63
Appendix C—Using Adobe Photoshop Elements
Brush Tools
Brush Tool
The Brush Tool is used to create soft or hard strokes of
color and can also simulate airbrush techniques.
Brush Tool Options
Access options by clicking the arrow at the bottom right
corner of the Brush Tool, or right-clicking on the Brush
Tool button. Here you can choose to use the Brush Tool,
the Impressionist Brush, or the Color Replacement Tool.
Impressionist Brush Tool
The Impressionist Brush tool changes the existing colors
and details in your image so your photo has the look of
an impressionist painting.
Color Replacement Tool
The Color Replacement tool simplifies replacing specific
colors in your image. You can paint over a chosen
color with a different color. You can also use the Color
Replacement tool to correct colors.
Activity Guide
64
Tech-Design by Lab-Volt