View Upgrades
VMware Horizon 7 7.1
View Upgrades
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Contents
View Upgrades
5
1 View Upgrade Overview 7
2 System Requirements for Upgrades 11
Compatibility Matrix for Various Versions of View Components 11
View Composer Requirements 12
Supported Operating Systems for View Composer 12
Hardware Requirements for Standalone View Composer 13
Database Requirements for View Composer and the Events Database
Upgrade Requirements for View Composer 14
Horizon Connection Server Requirements 15
Hardware Requirements for Horizon Connection Server 15
Supported Operating Systems for Horizon Connection Server 15
Upgrade Requirements for View Connection Server 16
Supported Operating Systems for Horizon Agent 17
13
3 Upgrading View Server Components 19
Upgrading View Composer 19
Preparing vCenter Server and View Composer for an Upgrade 20
Upgrade View Composer 21
Enable TLSv1.0 on vCenter and ESXi Connections from View Composer 22
Enable Digest Access Authentication for View Composer 23
Manually Upgrading the View Composer Database 24
Migrate View Composer to Another Machine 26
Upgrading View Connection Server 31
Preparing View Connection Server for an Upgrade 31
Upgrade View Connection Servers in a Replicated Group 32
Enable TLSv1.0 on vCenter Connections from Connection Server 35
Upgrade to the Latest Version of View Connection Server on a Different Machine 36
Create a Replicated Group After Reverting View Connection Server to a Snapshot 37
Upgrading View Security Server 38
Preparing View Security Server for an Upgrade 38
Upgrade View Security Servers and Their Paired View Connection Servers 38
Upgrading View Servers in a Cloud Pod Architecture Environment 41
Upgrading View Servers to Allow HTML Access 41
Upgrade vCenter Server 42
Accept the Thumbprint of a Default SSL Certificate 43
Using Horizon 7 Group Policy Administrative Template Files 44
4 Upgrade ESXi Hosts and Their Virtual Machines 45
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5 Upgrading Remote Desktops and Horizon Client 47
Security-Related Requirements for Remote Desktop Upgrade 47
Upgrade RDS Hosts That Provide Session-Based Desktops 47
Upgrade View Agent or Horizon Agent 48
Upgrade View Composer Desktop Pools 51
Upgrade the Client Application 52
6 Post-Upgrade Tasks to Enable New Features in Your View Setup 55
Change the JMS Message Security Mode to Enhanced 55
Tasks for Upgrading Desktop Pools to Use Space Reclamation 56
Upgrade Tasks If You Use VMware Virtual SAN Datastores 57
Upgrade from a Non-Virtual SAN Datastore to a Virtual SAN Datastore
Upgrade from Virtual SAN Disk Format Version 1 58
Upgrade from Horizon View 5.3.x on a Virtual SAN Datastore 60
Configure the VMware Horizon Web Portal Page for End Users 61
57
7 Applying View Patches 65
Apply a Patch for View Composer 65
Apply a Patch for View Connection Server 66
Apply a Patch for View Agent or Horizon Agent
Apply a Patch for Horizon Client 68
67
8 Upgrading vSphere Components Separately in a View Environment 69
Index
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View Upgrades
View Upgrades provides instructions for upgrading from the latest maintenance releases of Horizon View
5.3, VMware Horizon™ 6 (with View), or VMware Horizon 6 version 6.1 or 6.2, to VMware Horizon 7. You
can also use this guide when you upgrade to View maintenance and patch releases.
®
If you are also upgrading your version of VMware vSphere , this guide tells you which steps of that
upgrade to do at various stages of the View upgrade.
For View patch releases, see Chapter 7, “Applying View Patches,” on page 65.
Intended Audience
This guide is intended for anyone who needs to upgrade to this latest version of this product. The
information in this guide is written for experienced Microsoft Windows or Linux system administrators who
are familiar with virtual machine technology and datacenter operations.
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View Upgrade Overview
Upgrading an enterprise View deployment involves several high-level tasks. Upgrading is a multistage
process in which procedures must be performed in a particular order. You upgrade View Composer before
upgrading View Connection Server and the other View servers.
Important With Horizon 6 version 6.2 and later versions, you can install View components to run in FIPS
mode. View does not support upgrading from a non-FIPS installation to a FIPS installation. View does
support upgrading from Horizon 6 version 6.2 in FIPS mode to Horizon 7 in FIPS mode. If you need to do a
fresh installation, see "Installing View in FIPS Mode," in the View Installation document.
During an upgrade, View does not support View Composer provisioning and maintenance operations.
Operations such as provisioning and recomposing linked-clone desktops are not supported during the
transitional period when any View servers are still running the earlier version. You can successfully perform
these operations only when all instances of View Connection Server and View Composer have been
upgraded.
You must complete the upgrade process in a specific order. Order is also important within each upgrade
stage.
Note This overview relates to upgrades for major, minor, and maintenance releases. For information about
patches, see Chapter 7, “Applying View Patches,” on page 65.
How many of the following tasks you need to complete depends on which components of View you use in
your deployment.
1
®
On the physical or virtual machines that host View Composer and VMware vCenter Server™, make
backups and temporarily halt certain scheduled tasks. See “Preparing vCenter Server and View
Composer for an Upgrade,” on page 20.
If you have a standalone View Composer, which is installed in a separate machine from vCenter Server,
you need only make a backup of the View Composer database and the View Composer TLS/SSL
certificate. You can schedule an upgrade of vCenter Server separately, if you want to also upgrade
vCenter Server.
For details about which versions of Horizon are compatible with which versions of vCenter Server and
ESXi, see the VMware Product Interoperability Matrix at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
2
Upgrade View Composer on the existing host or migrate to a new machine. See “Upgrade View
Composer,” on page 21.
3
On the physical or virtual machines that host View Connection Server instances, make backups and
record various configuration and system settings. See “Preparing View Connection Server for an
Upgrade,” on page 31.
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If you have multiple View Connection Server instances in a replicated group, make backups and record
configuration settings for only one instance in the group. For other preparation tasks, you can perform
the tasks for one instance at a time, just before you perform the upgrade of that server instance.
4
Upgrade View Connection Server instances that are not paired with security servers. See “Upgrade
View Connection Servers in a Replicated Group,” on page 32.
In a typical production environment that consists of two or more View Connection Server instances
fronted by a load balancer, if you need to minimize down time, you can remove View Connection
Server instances from the load balanced cluster one at a time while you upgrade them.
Important After you upgrade a Connection Server instance to the latest version, you cannot
downgrade that instance to an earlier version. After you upgrade all Connection Server instances in a
replicated group, you cannot add another instance that runs an earlier version.
5
If you use security servers, make backups and record various configuration and system settings. See
“Preparing View Security Server for an Upgrade,” on page 38.
To minimize down time, you can perform these tasks for one security server at a time, just before you
perform the upgrade of that server.
6
If you use security servers, upgrade each security server and its paired View Connection Server
instance. If you upgrade these pairs one by one, removing each security server from the load-balanced
group, upgrading the pair, and then adding the security server back to the group, you can achieve zero
downtime. See “Upgrade View Security Servers and Their Paired View Connection Servers,” on
page 38.
7
Upgrade the group policies used in Active Directory. See “Using Horizon 7 Group Policy
Administrative Template Files,” on page 44.
8
If you are also upgrading VMware vSphere components, upgrade vCenter Server. See “Upgrade
vCenter Server,” on page 42.
During the vCenter Server upgrade, existing remote desktop and application sessions will not be
disconnected. Remote desktops that are in a provisioning state will not get powered on during the
vCenter Server upgrade, and new desktops cannot be launched and View Composer operations are not
allowed during the vCenter Server upgrade.
9
®
If you are also upgrading vSphere, upgrade the VMware ESXi™ hosts and virtual machines. See
Chapter 4, “Upgrade ESXi Hosts and Their Virtual Machines,” on page 45.
ESXi hosts can be upgraded with zero down time by vMotioning the virtual machines to another host in
the cluster, if hosts are configured under clustered environment.
8
10
If you currently use Windows Terminal Services servers as desktop sources, upgrade to Windows
Server 2008 R2 or later and verify that the RDS Host role is installed. See “Upgrade RDS Hosts That
Provide Session-Based Desktops,” on page 47
11
Upgrade the Horizon™ Agent or View Agent™ software that runs on the physical or virtual machines
that are used as desktop sources, as full-clone desktops in a pool, and as individual desktops in a
manual pool. See “Upgrade View Agent or Horizon Agent,” on page 48.
12
Use the newly upgraded virtual machine desktop sources to create upgraded pools of desktops. See
“Upgrade View Composer Desktop Pools,” on page 51.
13
Upgrade the Horizon Client software that runs on end users' client devices. See “Upgrade the Client
Application,” on page 52.
14
If you use the Cloud Pod Architecture feature, see “Upgrading View Servers in a Cloud Pod
Architecture Environment,” on page 41.
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Chapter 1 View Upgrade Overview
Because certain commands can simultaneously upgrade more than one stage, VMware recommends that
you thoroughly understand the irreversible changes at each stage before you upgrade your production
environments.
®
Important The VMware View Client with Local Mode feature, for using offline desktops, has been
removed, and therefore this overview does not include steps for upgrading View Transfer Server instances
and View Client with Local Mode. In place of the Local Mode feature, VMware recommends using
®
VMware Mirage™, which is included with VMware Horizon 6.0 and later releases. For more information,
see the View Release Notes, available at https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/view_pubs.html.
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System Requirements for Upgrades
Hosts and virtual machines in a View deployment must meet specific hardware and operating system
requirements.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Compatibility Matrix for Various Versions of View Components,” on page 11
n
“View Composer Requirements,” on page 12
n
“Horizon Connection Server Requirements,” on page 15
n
“Supported Operating Systems for Horizon Agent,” on page 17
Compatibility Matrix for Various Versions of View Components
Because large enterprises must often perform phased upgrades, components are designed to be somewhat
forward and backward compatible, at least during upgrades.
The following earlier versions of View components are supported for upgrading to Horizon 7:
n
Latest maintenance release of Horizon View 5.3
n
Latest maintenance release of VMware Horizon 6.0 (with View)
n
Latest maintenance release of VMware Horizon 6 version 6.1
n
Latest maintenance release of VMware Horizon 6 version 6.2
To determine the latest maintenance release of a particular component, see the Release Notes for that
release, available from https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/view_pubs.html
View Connection Server compatibility with Horizon Agents is limited to interoperability during a View
Connection Server upgrade. You must upgrade View Agents or Horizon Agents as soon as possible to
match the version of the View Connection Server that manages them.
The following table lists the components and show whether they are compatible with other components
whose version is different.
Table 2‑1. Compatibility Matrix for VMware Horizon 7 and Earlier Versions of View Components
Connection
Server: Earlier
Version
Security Server:
Earlier Version
View Composer:
Earlier Version
View Agent: Earlier
Version
Horizon Client
(Windows):
Earlier Version
Connection
Server 7.0
Only during
upgrade
Only if paired
before upgrade
No
Only during upgrade
Yes
Security Server
7.0 (PCoIP and
RDP)
No
N/A
No
Only during upgrade
Yes
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Table 2‑1. Compatibility Matrix for VMware Horizon 7 and Earlier Versions of View Components (Continued)
Connection
Server: Earlier
Version
Security Server:
Earlier Version
View Composer:
Earlier Version
View Agent: Earlier
Version
Horizon Client
(Windows):
Earlier Version
View Composer
7.0
Only during
upgrade
Only during
upgrade
N/A
Only during upgrade
N/A
Horizon Agent
7.0
Only during
upgrade (see the
exception in the
note following
this table)
No
No
N/A
Only during
upgrade
Horizon Client
4.0
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
N/A
Caution During an upgrade, View Composer provisioning and maintenance operations are not
supported. Operations such as provisioning and recomposing linked-clone desktops are not supported
during the transitional period when any View servers are still running the earlier version. You can
successfully perform these operations only when all instances of View Connection Server and View
Composer have been upgraded to the latest version.
For details about which versions of Horizon are compatible with which versions of vCenter Server and ESXi,
see the VMware Product Interoperability Matrix at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
View Composer Requirements
With View Composer, you can deploy multiple linked-clone desktops from a single centralized base image.
View Composer has specific installation and storage requirements.
Supported Operating Systems for View Composer
View Composer supports 64-bit operating systems with specific requirements and limitations. You can
install View Composer on the same physical or virtual machine as vCenter Server or on a separate server.
Table 2‑2. Operating System Support for View Composer
Operating System
Version
Edition
Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1
64-bit
Standard
Enterprise
Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 R2
64-bit
Standard
Datacenter
Windows Server 2016
64-bit
Standard
Datacenter
Note Windows Server 2008 R2 with no service pack is no longer supported.
If you plan to install View Composer on a different physical or virtual machine than vCenter Server, see
“Hardware Requirements for Standalone View Composer,” on page 13.
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Chapter 2 System Requirements for Upgrades
Hardware Requirements for Standalone View Composer
If you install View Composer on a different physical or virtual machine from the one used for
vCenter Server, you must use a dedicated machine that meets specific hardware requirements.
A standalone View Composer installation works with vCenter Server installed on a separate Windows
Server machine or with the Linux-based vCenter Server appliance. VMware recommends having a one-toone mapping between each View Composer service and vCenter Server instance.
Table 2‑3. View Composer Hardware Requirements
Hardware Component
Required
Recommended
Processor
1.4 GHz or faster Intel 64 or
AMD 64 processor with 2 CPUs
2GHz or faster and 4 CPUs
Networking
One or more 10/100Mbps
network interface cards (NICs)
1Gbps NICs
Memory
4GB RAM or higher
8GB RAM or higher for deployments of 50 or more
remote desktops
Disk space
40GB
60GB
Important The physical or virtual machine that hosts View Composer must have an IP address that does
not change. In an IPv4 environment, configure a static IP address. In an IPv6 environment, machines
automatically get IP addresses that do not change.
Database Requirements for View Composer and the Events Database
View Composer requires an SQL database to store data. The View Composer database must reside on, or be
available to, the View Composer server host. You can optionally set up an Events database to record
information from View Connection Server about View events.
If a database server instance already exists for vCenter Server, View Composer can use that existing instance
if it is a version listed in Table 2-4. For example, View Composer can use the Microsoft SQL Server instance
provided with vCenter Server. If a database server instance does not already exist, you must install one.
View Composer supports a subset of the database servers that vCenter Server supports. If you are already
using vCenter Server with a database server that is not supported by View Composer, continue to use that
database server for vCenter Server and install a separate database server to use for View Composer.
Important If you create the View Composer database on the same SQL Server instance as vCenter Server,
do not overwrite the vCenter Server database.
The following table lists the supported database servers and versions as of the publication date of this
document. For the most up-to-date information about supported databases, see the VMware Product
Interoperability Matrixes at http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php. For
Solution/Database Interoperability, after you select the product and version, for the Add Database step, to
see a list of all supported databases, select Any and click Add.
Table 2‑4. Supported Database Servers for View Composer and for the Events Database
Database
Service Packs/Releases
Editions
Microsoft SQL Server 2014
(32- and 64-bit)
No SP, SP1
Standard
Enterprise
Microsoft SQL Server 2012
(32- and 64-bit)
SP2
Express
Standard
Enterprise
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Table 2‑4. Supported Database Servers for View Composer and for the Events Database (Continued)
Database
Service Packs/Releases
Editions
Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2
(32- and 64-bit)
SP2, SP3
Express
Standard
Enterprise
Datacenter
Oracle 12c
Release 1 (any release up to 12.1.0.2)
Standard One
Standard
Enterprise
Note The following versions are no longer supported: Microsoft SQL Server 2008 SP4 and Oracle 11g
Release 2 (11.2.0.04).
Upgrade Requirements for View Composer
The View Composer upgrade process has specific requirements and limitations.
To run the View Composer installer, you must be a domain user with Administrator privileges on the
system.
Security-Related Requirements
n
View Composer requires an SSL certificate that is signed by a CA (certificate authority). If you intend to
replace an existing certificate or the default, self-signed certificate with a new certificate after you install
View Composer, you must import the new certificate and run the SviConfig ReplaceCertificate utility
to bind your new certificate to the port used by View Composer.
If you install vCenter Server and View Composer on the same Windows Server computer, they can use
the same SSL certificate, but you must configure the certificate separately for each component.
For complete information about security certificate requirements, see "Configuring SSL Certificates for
View Servers" in the View Installation document.
14
n
Certificates for vCenter Server, View Composer, and View servers must include certificate revocation
lists (CRLs). For more information, see "Configuring Certificate Revocation Checking on Server
Certificates" in the View Installation guide.
n
Verify that no applications that run on the View Composer computer use Windows SSL libraries that
require SSLv2 provided through the Microsoft Secure Channel (Schannel) security package. The View
Composer installer disables SSLv2 on the Microsoft Schannel. Applications such as Tomcat, which uses
Java SSL, or Apache, which uses OpenSSL, are not affected by this constraint. SSLv3, TLSv1.0, and RC4
are also disabled by default. For more information, see "Older Protocols and Ciphers Disabled in View"
in the View Security document.
n
To enhance the security of View Composer, disable the weak cryptographic cipher suites on the
Windows Server computer on which the View Composer service is installed. See "Disable Weak
Cryptographic Cipher Suites on the View Composer Server" in the View Installation document.
n
You might need to make security protocol configuration changes to continue to be compatible with
vSphere. If possible, apply patches to ESXi and vCenter Server to support TLSv1.1 and TLSv1.2 before
upgrading View Composer. If you cannot apply patches, reenable TLSv1.0 on View Composer before
upgrading. For more information, see “Enable TLSv1.0 on vCenter and ESXi Connections from View
Composer,” on page 22.
n
Effective in Horizon 7 version 7.0.3, you can enable digest access authentication for View Composer to
enhance security. For more information, see “Enable Digest Access Authentication for View Composer,”
on page 23.
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Chapter 2 System Requirements for Upgrades
Horizon Connection Server Requirements
Horizon Connection Server acts as a broker for client connections by authenticating and then directing
incoming user requests to the appropriate remote desktops and applications. Horizon Connection Server
has specific hardware, operating system, installation, and supporting software requirements.
Hardware Requirements for Horizon Connection Server
You must install all Horizon Connection Server installation types, including standard, replica, security
server, and enrollment server installations, on a dedicated physical or virtual machine that meets specific
hardware requirements.
Table 2‑5. Horizon Connection Server Hardware Requirements
Hardware Component
Required
Recommended
Processor
Pentium IV 2.0GHz processor
or higher
4 CPUs
Network Adapter
100Mpbs NIC
1Gbps NICs
Memory
Windows Server 2008 R2 64-bit
4GB RAM or higher
At least 10GB RAM for deployments of 50 or more
remote desktops
Memory
Windows Server 2012 R2 64-bit
4GB RAM or higher
At least 10GB RAM for deployments of 50 or more
remote desktops
These requirements also apply to replica and security server Horizon Connection Server instances that you
install for high availability or external access.
Important The physical or virtual machine that hosts Horizon Connection Server must have an IP address
that does not change. In an IPv4 environment, configure a static IP address. In an IPv6 environment,
machines automatically get IP addresses that do not change.
Supported Operating Systems for Horizon Connection Server
You must install Horizon Connection Server on a supported Windows Server operating system.
The following operating systems support all Horizon Connection Server installation types, including
standard, replica, and security server installations.
Table 2‑6. Operating System Support for Horizon Connection Server
Operating System
Version
Edition
Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1
64-bit
Standard
Enterprise
Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 R2
64-bit
Standard
Datacenter
Windows Server 2016
64-bit
Standard
Datacenter
Note Windows Server 2008 R2 with no service pack is no longer supported.
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Upgrade Requirements for View Connection Server
The View Connection Server upgrade process has specific requirements and limitations.
n
View Connection Server requires a valid license key for this latest release.
n
The domain user account that you use to install the new version of View Connection Server must have
administrative privileges on the View Connection Server host. The View Connection Server
administrator must have administrative credentials for vCenter Server.
n
When you run the installer, you authorize a View Administrators account. You can specify the local
Administrators group or a domain user or group account. View assigns full View Administration
rights, including the right to install replicated View Connection Server instances, to this account only. If
you specify a domain user or group, you must create the account in Active Directory before you run the
installer.
n
When you back up View Connection Server, the View LDAP configuration is exported as encrypted
LDIF data. To restore the encrypted backup View configuration, you must provide the data recovery
password. The password must contain between 1 and 128 characters.
Security-Related Requirements
n
View Connection Server requires an SSL certificate that is signed by a CA (certificate authority) and that
your clients can validate. Although a default self-signed certificate is generated in the absence of a CAsigned certificate when you install View Connection Server, you must replace the default self-signed
certificate as soon as possible. Self-signed certificates are shown as invalid in View Administrator.
Also, updated clients expect information about the server's certificate to be communicated as part of the
SSL handshake between client and server. Often updated clients do not trust self-signed certificates.
For complete information about security certificate requirements, see "Configuring SSL Certificates for
View Servers" in the View Installation guide. Also see the Scenarios for Setting Up SSL Connections to View
document, which describes setting up intermediate servers that perform tasks such as load balancing
and off-loading SSL connections.
Note If your original servers already have SSL certificates signed by a CA, during the upgrade, View
imports your existing CA-signed certificate into the Windows Server certificate store.
n
Certificates for vCenter Server, View Composer, and View servers must include certificate revocation
lists (CRLs). For more information, see "Configuring Certificate Revocation Checking on Server
Certificates" in the View Installation guide.
Important If your company uses proxy settings for Internet access, you might have to configure your
View Connection Server hosts to use the proxy. This step ensures that servers can access certificate
revocation checking sites on the Internet. You can use Microsoft Netshell commands to import the
proxy settings to View Connection Server. For more information, see "Troubleshooting View Server
Certificate Revocation Checking" in the View Administration guide.
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n
If you plan to pair a security server with this View Connection Server instance, verify that Windows
Firewall with Advanced Security is set to on in the active profiles. It is recommended that you turn this
setting to on for all profiles. By default, IPsec rules govern connections between security server and
View Connection Server and require Windows Firewall with Advanced Security to be enabled.
n
If your network topology includes a firewall between a security server and a View Connection Server
instance, you must configure the firewall to support IPsec. See the View Installation document.
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Chapter 2 System Requirements for Upgrades
n
You might need to make security protocol configuration changes to continue to be compatible with
vSphere. If possible, apply patches to ESXi and vCenter Server to support TLSv1.1 and TLSv1.2 before
upgrading View Connection Server. If you cannot apply patches, reenable TLSv1.0 on View Connection
Server before upgrading. For more information, see “Enable TLSv1.0 on vCenter Connections from
Connection Server,” on page 35.
n
If you use Horizon 7 servers with a version of View Agent older than 6.2, you will need to enable
TLSv1.0 for PCoIP connections. View Agent versions that are older than 6.2 support the security
protocol TLSv1.0 only for PCoIP. Horizon 7 servers, including connection servers and security servers,
have TLSv1.0 disabled by default. You can enable TLSv1.0 for PCoIP connections on these servers by
following the instructions in the VMware Knowledge Base, at http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2130798.
If you plan to perform fresh installations of View Connection Server instances on additional physical or
virtual machines, see the complete list of installation requirements in the View Installation document.
Supported Operating Systems for Horizon Agent
The Horizon Agent component (called View Agent in previous releases) assists with session management,
single sign-on, device redirection, and other features. You must install Horizon Agent on all virtual
machines, physical systems, and RDS hosts.
These operating systems are fully supported as of the date of this publication. For updates to the list of
supported operating systems, see the Horizon 7 Release Notes, available from
https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/view_pubs.html. For updates to the list of supported Windows 10
operating systems, see the VMware Knowledge Base (KB) article http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2149393.
The following table lists the Windows operating system versions that are supported on single-session virtual
machines in a desktop pool. The virtual machine version must support the guest operating system. For
example, to install Windows 8.1, you must use a vSphere 5.1 or later virtual machine.
Table 2‑7. Operating Systems for Linked-Clone and Full-Clone Remote Desktops
Guest Operating System
Version
Edition
Service Pack
Windows 10
64-bit and 32-bit
Long-Term Servicing Branch
(LTSB)
Version 1607
Windows 10
64-bit and 32-bit
Current Business Branch (CBB)
Version 1511
Windows 10
64-bit and 32-bit
Long-Term Servicing Branch
(LTSB)
Version 1507 (RTM)
Windows 8.1
64-bit and 32-bit
Enterprise and Professional
Latest update
Windows 8
64-bit and 32-bit
Enterprise and Professional
None
Windows 7
64-bit and 32-bit
Enterprise and Professional
SP1
Windows Server 2012 R2
64-bit
Datacenter
Latest update
Windows Server 2008 R2
64-bit
Datacenter
SP1
Windows Server 2016
64-bit
Standard and Datacenter
None
The following table lists the Windows versions that are supported for instant-clone remote desktops.
Table 2‑8. Operating Systems for Instant-Clone Virtual Desktops
Guest Operating System
Version
Edition
Service pack
Windows 10
64-bit and 32-bit
Long-Term Servicing Branch (LTSB)
Version 1607
Windows 10
64-bit and 32-bit
Current Business Branch (CBB)
Version 1511
Windows 10
64-bit and 32-bit
Long-Term Servicing Branch (LTSB)
Version 1507 (RTM)
Windows 7
64-bit and 32-bit
Enterprise and Professional
SP1
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The following table lists the Windows operating systems versions that are supported for creating desktop
pools and application pools on an RDS host.
Table 2‑9. Operating Systems for RDS Hosts, Providing Remote Desktops or Applications
Guest Operating System
Edition
Service Pack
Windows Server 2008 R2
Standard, Enterprise, and
Datacenter
SP1
Windows Server 2012
Standard and Datacenter
None
Windows Server 2012 R2
Standard and Datacenter
Latest update
Windows Server 2016
Standard and Datacenter
None
For enhanced security, VMware recommends configuring cipher suites to remove known vulnerabilities. For
instructions on how to set up a domain policy on cipher suites for Windows machines that run View
Composer or Horizon Agent, see the topic about disabling weak ciphers for View Composer or Horizon
Agent in the View Installation document.
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Upgrading View Server Components
3
The server components that you must upgrade include View Connection Server, replicated servers, and
security servers. Depending on the optional components you use, you might also need to upgrade
View Composer.
If you spread the upgrade tasks across multiple maintenance windows, you can verify success or discover
issues at each phase of the process. VMware recommends upgrading all server components during the first
maintenance window.
Note The Local Mode feature for Horizon Client has been removed, and therefore View Transfer Server
instances are no longer required. In place of the Local Mode feature, VMware recommends using Mirage,
which is included with VMware Horizon 6.0 and later releases. For more information, see the View Release
Notes, available at https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/view_pubs.html.
For View patch releases, see Chapter 7, “Applying View Patches,” on page 65.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Upgrading View Composer,” on page 19
n
“Upgrading View Connection Server,” on page 31
n
“Upgrading View Security Server,” on page 38
n
“Upgrading View Servers in a Cloud Pod Architecture Environment,” on page 41
n
“Upgrading View Servers to Allow HTML Access,” on page 41
n
“Upgrade vCenter Server,” on page 42
n
“Accept the Thumbprint of a Default SSL Certificate,” on page 43
n
“Using Horizon 7 Group Policy Administrative Template Files,” on page 44
Upgrading View Composer
During an upgrade, View does not support View Composer provisioning and maintenance operations.
Operations such as provisioning and recomposing linked-clone desktops are not supported during the
transitional period when any View servers are still running the earlier version. You can successfully perform
these operations only when all instances of View Connection Server and View Composer have been
upgraded.
Note Before you can use the View Composer 6.2 feature for creating automated farms of linked-clone RDS
hosts, you must upgrade all View components to Horizon 6 version 6.2 or later.
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View Upgrades
Preparing vCenter Server and View Composer for an Upgrade
Because vCenter Server and View Composer are often installed on the same virtual or physical machine,
some preparation tasks apply to both.
Preparing for Upgrades That Include vSphere
If you are upgrading vCenter Server in addition to upgrading to the latest version of View, you must consult
the VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide and perform the following tasks in the following order:
1
Verify that the virtual or physical machine meets the system requirements for the version of
vCenter Server that you want to upgrade to.
2
Verify that the virtual or physical machine on which the current View Composer is installed meets the
security requirements for the new version.
See “Upgrade Requirements for View Composer,” on page 14.
3
If vCenter Server is installed in a virtual machine, take a snapshot of the virtual machine.
For instructions on taking snapshots, see the vSphere Client™ online help.
4
If the computer name is longer than 15 characters, shorten the name to 15 or fewer characters.
5
Back up the vCenter Server database and the View Composer database.
For instructions on performing a database backup, see the documentation from your database vendor.
6
Verify that the database server is compatible with the version of vCenter Server you plan to use.
For example, if the database server is Oracle 9i, you must upgrade.
7
Verify that the database is compatible with the new version of View Composer.
View Composer supports a subset of the database servers that vCenter Server supports. If you are
already using vCenter Server with a database server that is not supported by View Composer, continue
to use that database server for vCenter Server and install a separate database server to use for View
Composer and View database events.
8
Make a copy of the folder that contains SSL certificates.
This folder is located at %ALLUSERSPROFILE%\Application Data\VMware\VMware VirtualCenter.
9
Document the IP address and system name of the machine on which vCenter Server is installed.
10
For all linked-clone desktop pools, use View Administrator to disable provisioning of new virtual
machines.
Because View Composer might be upgraded during a different maintenance window than its desktop
pools, provisioning must be postponed until both components are upgraded.
11
If any desktop pools are set to refresh the OS disk on logoff, use View Administrator to edit the
Desktop/Pools settings for that pool and set Delete or refresh machine on logoff to Never.
This setting prevents an error from occurring when the newly upgraded View Composer attempts to
refresh a desktop on which View Agent has not yet been upgraded.
12
20
If any desktop pools are scheduled to do a refresh or recompose operation, use View Administrator to
cancel these tasks.
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Chapter 3 Upgrading View Server Components
Preparing for Upgrades of View Composer Only
If you are upgrading only View Composer and are not upgrading vCenter Server, you must perform the
following tasks:
1
Verify that the virtual or physical machine on which the current View Composer is installed meets the
security requirements for the new version.
See “Upgrade Requirements for View Composer,” on page 14.
2
If View Composer is installed in a virtual machine, take a snapshot of the virtual machine.
For instructions on taking snapshots, see the vSphere Client online help.
3
Back up the View Composer database.
For instructions on performing a database backup, see the documentation from your database vendor.
4
Verify that the database is compatible with the new version of View Composer.
View Composer supports a subset of the database servers that vCenter Server supports. If you are
already using vCenter Server with a database server that is not supported by View Composer, continue
to use that database server for vCenter Server and install a separate database server to use for View
Composer and View database events.
5
Document the IP address and system name of the machine on which vCenter Server is installed.
6
For all linked-clone desktop pools, use View Administrator to disable provisioning of new virtual
machines.
Because View Composer might be upgraded during a different maintenance window than its desktop
pools, provisioning must be postponed until both components are upgraded.
7
If any desktop pools are set to refresh the OS disk on logoff, use View Administrator to edit the
Desktop/Pools settings for that pool and set Delete or refresh machine on logoff to Never.
This setting prevents an error from occurring when the newly upgraded View Composer attempts to
refresh a desktop on which View Agent has not yet been upgraded.
8
If any desktop pools are scheduled to do a refresh or recompose operation, use View Administrator to
cancel these tasks.
Upgrade View Composer
During the first maintenance window, you will upgrade View Composer. Operations such as provisioning
and recomposing linked-clone desktops are not supported until all View servers are upgraded.
Prerequisites
n
Determine when to perform this procedure. Choose an available desktop maintenance window. Budget
15 minutes to half an hour.
n
Complete the tasks listed in “Preparing for Upgrades of View Composer Only,” on page 21.
n
Verify that the server on which View Composer is installed has a CA (certificate authority)-signed
TLS/SSL server certificate installed and configured. After you upgrade View Connection Server, if View
Composer does not use a CA-signed certificate, the default self-signed certificate is shown as invalid in
View Administrator.
n
Verify that you have a domain user account with administrative privileges on the hosts that you will
use to run the installer and perform the upgrade.
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21
View Upgrades
n
Determine whether to let the installer wizard upgrade the View Composer database if a schema
upgrade is required. You can choose to run the SviConfig command-line utility after the wizard finishes
to upgrade the database schema manually and to create a log of the upgrade.
Procedure
1
On the virtual or physical machines where View Composer is installed, download and run the installer
for View Composer.
You can download the installer from the VMware Web site.
Step-by-step instructions for running the installer appear in the View Installation document.
2
Specify whether you want the wizard to upgrade the database schema if a schema upgrade is required.
If a dialog box appears with the message "Database upgrade completed with warnings" you can click
OK and safely ignore the message.
3
When the wizard prompts you for the View Composer port number, verify that the port number is set
to 18443.
What to do next
If you need to do a manual upgrade of the database schema, see “Run SviConfig to Manually Upgrade the
Database,” on page 24.
If you have an older version of vCenter Server, see “Enable TLSv1.0 on vCenter and ESXi Connections from
View Composer,” on page 22.
At your next maintenance window, continue with the View upgrade. See “Upgrade View Connection
Servers in a Replicated Group,” on page 32.
Enable TLSv1.0 on vCenter and ESXi Connections from View Composer
Horizon 7 and later components have the TLSv1.0 security protocol disabled by default. If your deployment
includes an older version of vCenter Server that supports only TLSv1.0, you might need to enable TLSv1.0
for View Composer connections after installing or upgrading to View Composer 7.0 or a later release.
Some earlier maintenance releases of vCenter Server 5.0, 5.1, and 5.5 support only TLSv1.0, which is no
longer enabled by default in Horizon 7 and later releases. If it is not possible to upgrade vCenter Server to a
version that supports TLSv1.1 or TLSv1.2, you can enable TLSv1.0 for View Composer connections.
If your ESXi hosts are not running ESXi 6.0 U1b or later, and you cannot upgrade, you might also need to
enable TLSv1.0 connections to ESXi hosts from View Composer.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that you have View Composer 7.0 or a later release installed.
n
Verify that you can log in to the View Composer machine as an Administrator to use the Windows
Registry Editor.
Procedure
1
2
On the machine that hosts View Composer, open the Windows Registry Editor (regedit.exe).
Navigate to HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\SecurityProviders\SCHANNEL\Protocols\TLS
1.0\Client
If this key does not already exist, create this key.
22
3
Delete the value Enabled if it exists.
4
Create or edit the DWORD value DisabledByDefault and set it to 0.
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Chapter 3 Upgrading View Server Components
5
Restart the VMware Horizon View Composer service.
TLSv1.0 connections from View Composer to vCenter are now enabled.
6
7
8
In the Windows Registry on the View Composer machine, navigate to HKLM\SOFTWARE\VMware,
Inc.\VMware View Composer.
Create or edit the String value EnableTLS1.0 and set it to 1.
If the View Composer host is a 64-bit machine, navigate to HKLM\SOFTWARE\WOW6432Node\VMware,
Inc\VMware View Composer.
9
Create or edit the String value EnableTLS1.0 and set it to 1.
10
Restart the VMware Horizon View Composer service.
TLSv1.0 connections from View Composer to ESXi hosts are now enabled.
Enable Digest Access Authentication for View Composer
Effective in Horizon 7 version 7.0.3, View Composer has the basic access authentication method for web
security enabled by default. For enhanced security, you can enable the digest access authentication method
for View Composer.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that you have View Composer 7.0.3 or a later release installed.
n
Verify that you can log in to the View Composer machine as an Administrator.
n
Verify that you have Connection Server 7.0.3 or later installed.
Procedure
1
Navigate to the directory were View Composer is installed.
2
Edit the SviWebservice.exe.config file.
3
For the SslPoxBinding configuration option, set authenticationScheme="Digest".
4
For the SslBasicAtuth configuration option, set clientCredentialType="Digest".
5
Save and close the SviWebservice.exe.config file.
6
Edit the SviConfig.exe.config file.
7
For the SslSviBinding configuration option, set clientCredentialType="Digest".
8
Save and close the SviConfig.exe.config file.
9
Restart the View Composer service.
VMware, Inc.
a
Start the Windows Services tool by entering services.msc at the command prompt.
b
From the list of services, right-click the service you want to restart. For example, right-click
VMware Horizon Composer 7.0.3.
c
Click Restart .
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View Upgrades
Manually Upgrading the View Composer Database
Rather than letting the View Composer installer upgrade the database when a schema update is required,
you can manually upgrade the database. You can use the SviConfig utility when you must observe the
upgrade process more closely or when upgrade tasks must be distributed to IT administrators with different
responsibilities.
When you upgrade View Composer to a version with an updated database schema, an installer prompt asks
if you want the wizard to upgrade the database. If you choose not to use the installer wizard, you must use
the SviConfig utility to upgrade the database and migrate the existing data.
Using the SviConfig command-line utility has the following advantages:
n
This utility returns result codes and creates a log of the database upgrade to simplify troubleshooting if
the upgrade fails.
n
You can separate the upgrade tasks. A vSphere or View administrator can run the View Composer
installer to upgrade the software. A database administrator (DBA) can use SviConfig to upgrade the
View Composer database.
n
The software upgrade and the database upgrade can occur during different maintenance windows. For
example, your site might run database-maintenance operations on weekends only, whereas softwaremaintenance tasks can occur during the week.
Run SviConfig to Manually Upgrade the Database
With the SviConfig command-line utility, you can upgrade the View Composer database separately from the
View Composer software. This utility also creates a log file to simplify troubleshooting if the upgrade fails.
Important Only experienced View Composer administrators should use the SviConfig utility. This utility
is intended to resolve issues relating to the View Composer service.
Prerequisites
n
Back up the View Composer database. For instructions, see the documentation for your database server.
n
Verify that you know the database source name (DSN) for the View Composer database.
n
Verify that you know the user name and password for the database administrator account for this
database.
Procedure
1
On the vCenter Server virtual or physical machine, open a Windows command prompt and navigate to
the SviConfig executable file.
The file is located with the View Composer application. The default path is C:\Program Files
(86)\VMware\VMware View Composer\sviconfig.exe.
2
Enter the command to stop VMware View Composer.
net stop svid
3
Run the SviConfig databaseupgrade command.
sviconfig -operation=databaseupgrade
-DsnName=target_DSN
-Username=database_administrator_username
For example:
sviconfig -operation=databaseupgrade -dsnname=LinkedClone
-username=Admin
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Chapter 3 Upgrading View Server Components
4
When prompted, supply the password.
A successful operation displays output that shows the upgrade steps.
Establishing database connection.
Database connection established successfully.
Upgrading database.
Load data from SVI_VC_CONFIG_ENTRY table.
Update SVI_DEPLOYMENT_GROUP table.
Update SVI_REPLICA table.
Update SVI_SIM_CLONE table.
SviConfig finished successfully.
Database is upgraded successfully.
5
Enter the command to start the View Composer.
net start svid
A complete log of the upgrade process is created and placed in C:\Users\All Users\VMware\View
Composer\vmware-sviconfig.log.
What to do next
If the database upgrade fails, see “Troubleshooting a View Composer Database Upgrade Failure,” on
page 26.
If the result code is any number other than 0, which means success, see “Result Codes for a Manual
Database Schema Update,” on page 25.
Result Codes for a Manual Database Schema Update
When you manually upgrade the View Composer database, the sviconfig databaseupgrade command
displays a result code.
Table 3-1 shows the sviconfig databaseupgrade result codes.
Table 3‑1. Result Codes for the databaseupgrade Command
Code
Description
0
The operation ended successfully.
1
The supplied DSN could not be found.
2
Invalid database administrator credentials were provided.
3
The driver for the database is not supported.
4
An unexpected problem arose and the command failed to complete.
14
Another application is using the View Composer service. Shut down the service before executing the
command.
15
A problem arose during the restore process. Details are provided in the onscreen log output.
17
Unable to upgrade the database data.
18
Unable to connect to the database server.
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View Upgrades
Troubleshooting a View Composer Database Upgrade Failure
When you upgrade the View Composer service with the View Composer installer or run the SviConfig
databaseupgrade command, the operation might fail to upgrade the View Composer database.
Problem
The SviConfig databaseupgrade operation displays error code 17, or the View Composer installer displays a
warning message.
Database upgrade completed with warnings
Cause
The database-upgrade software contacts vCenter Server to get additional data about desktops. The database
upgrade might fail if the desktops are not available, the ESXi host is not running, or vCenter Server is not
available.
Solution
1
See the View Composer SviConfig log file for more information.
The default location of this file is C:\Users\All Users\VMware\View Composer\vmware-sviconfig.log.
The upgrade script logs a message for each failure.
2
3
Examine the log records to identify the desktops that failed to upgrade.
Option
Action
The desktop exists but is
unavailable.
Make the desktop available again.
Depending on the cause of the failure, you might have to restart the ESXi
host or vCenter Server, or take another action.
The desktop does not exist.
Ignore the log message.
Note A deleted desktop might appear to exist in View Administrator if
an administrator deletes the desktop virtual machine directly in vSphere.
Run the SviConfig databaseupgrade command again.
Migrate View Composer to Another Machine
In some situations, you might need to migrate a VMware Horizon View Composer service to a new
Windows Server virtual or physical machine. For example, you might migrate View Composer and
vCenter Server to a new ESXi host or cluster to expand your View deployment. In addition, View Composer
and vCenter Server do not have to be installed on the same Windows Server machine.
You can migrate View Composer from the vCenter Server machine to a standalone machine or from a
standalone machine to the vCenter Server machine.
Important These topics pertain to migrating the latest version of View Composer to another machine. You
must upgrade from the earlier version of View Composer before you perform these tasks.
If your current version of View Composer is installed on a machine that does not meet the system
requirements for the new version of View Composer, you cannot use these procedures. After you migrate
View Composer to a system with a Windows Server operating system that is supported for this release, you
can perform an in-place upgrade to the latest version of View Composer.
n
Guidelines for Migrating View Composer on page 27
The steps you take to migrate the VMware Horizon View Composer service depend on whether you
intend to preserve existing linked-clone virtual machines.
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Chapter 3 Upgrading View Server Components
n
Migrate View Composer with an Existing Database on page 27
When you migrate View Composer to another physical or virtual machine, if you intend to preserve
your current linked-clone virtual machines, the new VMware Horizon View Composer service must
continue to use the existing View Composer database.
n
Migrate View Composer Without Linked-Clone Virtual Machines on page 29
If the current VMware Horizon View Composer service does not manage any linked-clone virtual
machines, you can migrate View Composer to a new physical or virtual machine without migrating
the RSA keys to the new machine. The migrated VMware Horizon View Composer service can connect
to the original View Composer database, or you can prepare a new database for View Composer.
n
Prepare a Microsoft .NET Framework for Migrating RSA Keys on page 30
To use an existing View Composer database, you must migrate the RSA key container between
machines. You migrate the RSA key container by using the ASP.NET IIS registration tool provided
with the Microsoft .NET Framework.
n
Migrate the RSA Key Container to the New View Composer Service on page 30
To use an existing View Composer database, you must migrate the RSA key container from the source
physical or virtual machine on which the existing VMware Horizon View Composer service resides to
the machine on which you want to install the new VMware Horizon View Composer service.
Guidelines for Migrating View Composer
The steps you take to migrate the VMware Horizon View Composer service depend on whether you intend
to preserve existing linked-clone virtual machines.
To preserve the linked-clone virtual machines in your deployment, the VMware Horizon View Composer
service that you install on the new virtual or physical machine must continue to use the existing View
Composer database. The View Composer database contains data that is required to create, provision,
maintain, and delete the linked clones.
When you migrate the VMware Horizon View Composer service, you can also migrate the View Composer
database to a new machine.
Whether or not you migrate the View Composer database, the database must be configured on an available
machine in the same domain as the new machine on which you install the VMware Horizon View
Composer service, or on a trusted domain.
View Composer creates RSA key pairs to encrypt and decrypt authentication information stored in the View
Composer database. To make this data source compatible with the new VMware Horizon View Composer
service, you must migrate the RSA key container that was created by the original VMware Horizon View
Composer service. You must import the RSA key container to the machine on which you install the new
service.
If the current VMware Horizon View Composer service does not manage any linked-clone virtual machines,
you can migrate the service without using the existing View Composer database. You do not have to migrate
the RSA keys, whether or not you use the existing database.
Note Each instance of the VMware Horizon View Composer service must have its own View Composer
database. Multiple VMware Horizon View Composer services cannot share a View Composer database.
Migrate View Composer with an Existing Database
When you migrate View Composer to another physical or virtual machine, if you intend to preserve your
current linked-clone virtual machines, the new VMware Horizon View Composer service must continue to
use the existing View Composer database.
Follow the steps in this procedure when you migrate View Composer in any of the following directions:
n
VMware, Inc.
From a vCenter Server machine to a standalone machine
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View Upgrades
n
From a standalone machine to a vCenter Server machine
n
From a standalone machine to another standalone machine
n
From a vCenter Server machine to another vCenter Server machine
When you migrate the VMware Horizon View Composer service, you can also migrate the View Composer
database to a new location. For example, you might need to migrate the View Composer database if the
current database is located on a vCenter Server machine that you are migrating as well.
When you install the VMware Horizon View Composer service on the new machine, you must configure the
service to connect to the View Composer database.
Prerequisites
n
Familiarize yourself with the View Composer migration requirements. See “Guidelines for Migrating
View Composer,” on page 27.
n
Familiarize yourself with the steps for migrating the RSA key container to the new VMware Horizon
View Composer service. See “Prepare a Microsoft .NET Framework for Migrating RSA Keys,” on
page 30 and “Migrate the RSA Key Container to the New View Composer Service,” on page 30.
n
Familiarize yourself with installing the VMware Horizon View Composer service. See "Installing View
Composer" in the View Installation document.
n
Familiarize yourself with configuring an SSL certificate for View Composer. See "Configuring SSL
Certificates for View Servers" in the View Installation document.
n
Familiarize yourself with configuring View Composer in View Administrator. See the topics about
configuring View Composer settings and View Composer domains in the View Administration
document.
Procedure
1
2
Disable virtual machine provisioning in the vCenter Server instance that is associated with the VMware
Horizon View Composer service.
a
In View Administrator, select View Configuration > Servers.
b
On the vCenter Servers tab, select the vCenter Server instance and click Disable Provisioning.
(Optional) Migrate the View Composer database to a new location.
If you need to take this step, consult your database administrator for migration instructions.
3
Uninstall the VMware Horizon View Composer service from the current machine.
4
(Optional) Migrate the RSA key container to the new machine.
5
Install the VMware Horizon View Composer service on the new machine.
During the installation, specify the DSN of the database that was used by the original VMware Horizon
View Composer service. Also specify the domain administrator user name and password that were
provided for the ODBC data source for that database.
If you migrated the database, the DSN and data source information must point to the new location of
the database. Whether or not you migrated the database, the new VMware Horizon View Composer
service must have access to the original database information about the linked clones.
6
Configure an SSL server certificate for View Composer on the new machine.
You might be able to copy the certificate that was installed for View Composer on the original machine,
or you can install a new certificate.
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Chapter 3 Upgrading View Server Components
7
In View Administrator, configure the new View Composer settings.
a
In View Administrator, select View Configuration > Servers.
b
On the vCenter Servers tab, select the vCenter Server instance that is associated with this View
Composer service and click Edit.
c
In the View Composer Server Settings pane, click Edit and provide the new View Composer
settings.
If you are installing View Composer with vCenter Server on the new machine, select View
Composer co-installed with the vCenter Server.
If you are installing View Composer on a standalone machine, select Standalone View Composer
Server and provide the FQDN of the View Composer machine and the user name and password of
the View Composer user.
d
In the Domains pane, click Verify Server Information and add or edit the View Composer domains
as needed.
e
Click OK.
Migrate View Composer Without Linked-Clone Virtual Machines
If the current VMware Horizon View Composer service does not manage any linked-clone virtual machines,
you can migrate View Composer to a new physical or virtual machine without migrating the RSA keys to
the new machine. The migrated VMware Horizon View Composer service can connect to the original View
Composer database, or you can prepare a new database for View Composer.
Prerequisites
n
Familiarize yourself with installing the VMware Horizon View Composer service. See "Installing View
Composer" in the View Installation document.
n
Familiarize yourself with configuring an SSL certificate for View Composer. See "Configuring SSL
Certificates for View Servers" in the View Installation document.
n
Familiarize yourself with the steps for removing View Composer from View Administrator. See topic
about removing View Composer from View Administrator in the View Administration document.
Before you can remove View Composer, verify that it no longer manages any linked-clone virtual
machines. If any linked clones remain, you must delete them.
n
Familiarize yourself with configuring View Composer in View Administrator. See the topics about
configuring View Composer settings and View Composer domains in the View Administration
document.
Procedure
1
In View Administrator, remove View Composer from View Administrator.
a
Select View Configuration > Servers.
b
On the vCenter Servers tab, select the vCenter Server instance that is associated with the View
Composer service and click Edit.
c
In the View Composer Server Settings pane, click Edit.
d
Select Do not use View Composer and click OK.
2
Uninstall the VMware Horizon View Composer service from the current machine.
3
Install the VMware Horizon View Composer service on the new machine.
During the installation, configure View Composer to connect to the DSN of the original or new View
Composer database.
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View Upgrades
4
Configure an SSL server certificate for View Composer on the new machine.
You might be able to copy the certificate that was installed for View Composer on the original machine,
or you can install a new certificate.
5
In View Administrator, configure the new View Composer settings.
a
In View Administrator, select View Configuration > Servers.
b
On the vCenter Servers tab, select the vCenter Server instance that is associated with this View
Composer service and click Edit.
c
In the View Composer Server Settings pane, click Edit.
d
Provide the new View Composer settings.
If you are installing View Composer with vCenter Server on the new machine, select View
Composer co-installed with the vCenter Server.
If you are installing View Composer on a standalone machine, select Standalone View Composer
Server and provide the FQDN of the View Composer machine and the user name and password of
the View Composer user.
e
In the Domains pane, click Verify Server Information and add or edit the View Composer domains
as needed.
f
Click OK.
Prepare a Microsoft .NET Framework for Migrating RSA Keys
To use an existing View Composer database, you must migrate the RSA key container between machines.
You migrate the RSA key container by using the ASP.NET IIS registration tool provided with the
Microsoft .NET Framework.
Prerequisites
Download the .NET Framework and read about the ASP.NET IIS registration tool. Go to
http://www.microsoft.com/net.
Procedure
1
Install the .NET Framework on the physical or virtual machine on which the VMware Horizon View
Composer service associated with the existing database is installed.
2
Install the .NET Framework on the destination machine on which you want to want to install the new
VMware Horizon View Composer service.
What to do next
Migrate the RSA key container to the destination machine. See “Migrate the RSA Key Container to the New
View Composer Service,” on page 30.
Migrate the RSA Key Container to the New View Composer Service
To use an existing View Composer database, you must migrate the RSA key container from the source
physical or virtual machine on which the existing VMware Horizon View Composer service resides to the
machine on which you want to install the new VMware Horizon View Composer service.
You must perform this procedure before you install the new VMware Horizon View Composer service.
Prerequisites
Verify that the Microsoft .NET Framework and the ASP.NET IIS registration tool are installed on the source
and destination machines. See “Prepare a Microsoft .NET Framework for Migrating RSA Keys,” on page 30.
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Procedure
1
On the source machine on which the existing VMware Horizon View Composer service resides, open a
command prompt and navigate to the %windir%\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0xxxxx directory.
2
Type the aspnet_regiis command to save the RSA key pair in a local file.
aspnet_regiis -px "SviKeyContainer" "keys.xml" -pri
The ASP.NET IIS registration tool exports the RSA public-private key pair from the SviKeyContainer
container to the keys.xml file and saves the file locally.
3
4
5
Copy the keys.xml file to the destination machine on which you want to install the new VMware
Horizon View Composer service.
On the destination machine, open a command prompt and navigate to the %windir
%\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0xxxxx directory.
Type the aspnet_regiis command to migrate the RSA key pair data.
aspnet_regiis -pi "SviKeyContainer" "path\keys.xml" -exp
where path is the path to the exported file.
The -exp option creates an exportable key pair. If a future migration is required, the keys can be
exported from this machine and imported to another machine. If you previously migrated the keys to
this machine without using the -exp option, you can import the keys again using the -exp option so that
you can export the keys in the future.
The registration tool imports the key pair data into the local key container.
What to do next
Install the new VMware Horizon View Composer service on the destination machine. Provide the DSN and
ODBC data source information that allows View Composer to connect to the same database information that
was used by the original VMware Horizon View Composer service. For installation instructions, see
"Installing View Composer" in the View Installation document.
Complete the steps to migrate View Composer to a new machine and use the same database. See “Migrate
View Composer with an Existing Database,” on page 27.
Upgrading View Connection Server
If your deployment uses load balancers to manage multiple View Connection Server instance, an upgrade of
the Connection Server infrastructure can be performed with zero down time.
Note Before you can use the Horizon 6 version 6.2 feature for cloning a desktop pool, you must upgrade
all View Connection Server instances in a pod to Horizon 6 version 6.2 or later.
Preparing View Connection Server for an Upgrade
Before you upgrade View Connection Server or before you upgrade any of the vSphere components that
View Connection Server relies on, you must perform several tasks to ensure that these upgrades are
successful.
Tasks to Perform on Only One Instance in a Replicated Group
Before you begin upgrading any View Connection Server instances, perform the following tasks using only
one of the instances. Because the instances are replicated, the settings on one instance are the same as the
settings on the others:
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If View Connection Server is installed in a virtual machine, take a snapshot of the virtual machine.
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For instructions on taking snapshots, see the vSphere Client online help. If you ever need to revert to
this snapshot and if you have other View Connection Server instances in a replicated group, you must
uninstall those instances before you revert the master to the snapshot. After you revert, you can reinstall
the replicated instances and point to the instance you reverted.
You can label the snapshot Upgrade Preparation Phase.
n
Open View Administrator and document all the global settings and settings for desktops and pools:
Pools section and Desktops section in the Inventory tree, and the Global Settings section in the View
Configuration tree.
For example, take a screen shot of the applicable settings.
n
If your deployment currently uses the Local Mode feature, ask end users to check in their Local Mode
desktops, or use View Administrator to roll back the Local Mode desktops so that no desktops are
shown as checked out in View Administrator.
Important If any Local Mode desktops are checked out at the time you run the View Connection
Server installer to install the upgrade, the upgrade will fail.
n
If your deployment currently uses the Local Mode feature, open View Administrator, go to View
Configuration > Servers, and remove all Transfer Server instances.
n
Use the vdmexport.exe utility to back up the LDAP database.
For instructions, see the administration guide for your current version of the View Administration
document.
Tasks to Perform for Each Instance Just Before Upgrading
n
Verify that the virtual or physical machine on which the current View Connection Server instance is
installed meets the system requirements for the new version.
See “Horizon Connection Server Requirements,” on page 15.
n
Document the IP address and system name of the machine on which View Connection Server is
installed.
n
Determine if your company has written any batch files or scripts that run against the View database on
the View Connection Server instance, and if so, document their names and locations.
n
Open View Administrator and document all the settings that are specific to this instance.
For example, go to View Configuration > Servers > Connection Servers, select the Connection Server
instance in the table and click Edit. You can take a screen shot of each tab in the Edit Connection Server
Settings dialog box.
Upgrade View Connection Servers in a Replicated Group
This procedure describes upgrading View Connection Server instances that are not paired with security
servers. For example, this procedure applies to View Connection Servers that are configured for connections
to clients that are inside the corporate firewall.
For View Connection Server instances that are paired with security servers, use the procedure described in
“Upgrade View Security Servers and Their Paired View Connection Servers,” on page 38.
Note This procedure describes an in-place upgrade. To migrate to a different machine, see “Upgrade to the
Latest Version of View Connection Server on a Different Machine,” on page 36.
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Prerequisites
n
Determine when to perform this procedure. Choose an available desktop maintenance window. The
amount of time the upgrade takes depends on the number of View Connection Server instances in the
group. Budget 15 minutes to half an hour for each instance.
n
If you use View Composer, verify that View Composer has been upgraded. See “Upgrade View
Composer,” on page 21. After you upgrade View Connection Server, you must add View Composer
using View Administrator.
n
Familiarize yourself with the security-related requirements of View, and verify that these requirements
are met. See “Upgrade Requirements for View Connection Server,” on page 16. You might need to
obtain and install a CA-signed SSL server certificate that includes certificate revocation information,
verify that Windows Firewall with Advanced Security is set to on, and configure any back-end firewalls
to support IPsec.
n
Verify that the server on which vCenter Server is installed has a CA (certificate authority)-signed SSL
server certificate installed and configured. After you upgrade View Connection Server, if vCenter Server
does not use a CA-signed certificate, the default self-signed certificate is shown as invalid in View
Administrator, and a message indicates that vCenter Server is unavailable.
n
Complete the tasks listed in “Preparing View Connection Server for an Upgrade,” on page 31.
Important If any Local Mode desktops are checked out at the time you run the View Connection
Server installer to install the upgrade, the upgrade will fail.
n
Verify that you have a license that is valid for the new version.
Note When you upgrade from 6.0.x or 6.1.x to 6.2, your previous license will continue to work and the
usage model will be set to Concurrent User. A new licensing model called Named User was added
beginning with Horizon 6 version 6.2. You have the option of changing the licensing model to Named
User. For more information, see
http://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/products/horizon-view/VMware-Horizon-View-Pricing-LicensingFAQ.pdf.
n
Verify that you have a domain user account with administrative privileges on the hosts that you will
use to run the installer and perform the upgrade.
n
If you are unfamiliar with the vdmexport.exe utility, print the instructions for using it from the View
Administration document. You will use this utility to back up the View LDAP database as part of the
upgrade procedure.
You do not need to make any changes to the configuration of existing load balancers.
Procedure
1
If you are using a load balancer to manage a group of Connection Server instances, disable the server
that hosts the Connection Server instance that you are about to upgrade.
2
Log in to Horizon Administrator and disable the Connection Server instance that you are about to
upgrade.
VMware, Inc.
a
Go to View Configuration > Servers and click the Connection Servers tab.
b
Select the Connection Server instance in the list and click the Disable button above the table.
c
Click OK to confirm disabling the server.
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3
On the host of the Connection Server instance, download and run the installer for the new version of
Connection Server.
The installer filename is VMware-viewconnectionserver-x86_64-y.y.y-xxxxxx.exe, where xxxxxx is the
build number and y.y.y is the version number. You do not need to stop any services before performing
the upgrade. The installer stops and restarts services as necessary. In fact, the VMwareVDMDS service
must be running in order to upgrade the View LDAP database.
The installer determines that an older version is already installed and performs an upgrade. The
installer displays fewer installation options than during a fresh installation.
The View LDAP is also upgraded.
Note Before performing the upgrade, the installer does a replication status check to determine
whether the server can communicate with the other servers in the replicated group and whether the
server can fetch LDAP updates from the other servers in the group. If the status check fails, the upgrade
does not proceed.
4
Verify that the VMware Horizon Connection Server service restarts after the installer wizard closes.
5
Log in to Horizon Administrator and enable the Connection Server instance that you just upgraded.
a
Go to View Configuration > Servers and click the Connection Servers tab.
b
Select the Connection Server instance in the list and click the Enable button above the table.
c
In the Version column, verify that the new version is displayed.
6
Go to View Configuration > Product Licensing and Usage, click Edit License, enter the license key, and
click OK.
7
If you are using a load balancer for managing this Connection Server instance, enable the server that
you just upgraded.
8
Verify that you can log in to a remote desktop.
9
Repeat the previous steps to upgrade each Connection Server instance in the group.
Important If you do not upgrade all Connection Server instances in a replicated group, the health
indicators in the Horizon Administrator dashboard might show that one or more instances are in an
error state. This situation arises because different versions supply different kinds of data. The solution is
to upgrade all instances in the replicated group.
10
Use the vdmexport.exe utility to back up the newly upgraded View LDAP database.
If you have multiple instances of Connection Server in a replicated group, you need only export the
data from one instance.
11
Log in to Horizon Administrator and examine the dashboard to verify that the vCenter Server and View
Composer icons are green.
If either of these icons is red and an Invalid Certificate Detected dialog box appears, you must click
Verify and either accept the thumbprint of the untrusted certificate, as described in "What to Do Next,"
or install a valid CA-signed SSL certificate.
For information about replacing the default certificate for vCenter Server, see the VMware vSphere
Examples and Scenarios document.
12
Verify that the dashboard icons for the connection server instances are also are green.
If any instances have red icons, click the instance to determine the replication status. Replication might
be impaired for any of the following reasons:
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A firewall might be blocking communication
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Chapter 3 Upgrading View Server Components
n
The VMware VDMDS service might be stopped on a Connection Server instance
n
The VMware VDMS DSA options might be blocking the replications
n
A network problem has occurred
What to do next
To use a default or self-signed certificate from vCenter Server or View Composer, see “Accept the
Thumbprint of a Default SSL Certificate,” on page 43.
If you have an older version of vCenter Server, see “Enable TLSv1.0 on vCenter Connections from
Connection Server,” on page 35.
If the upgrade fails on one or more of the View Connection Server instances, see “Create a Replicated Group
After Reverting View Connection Server to a Snapshot,” on page 37.
Important If you plan to use enhanced message security mode for JMS messages, make sure that firewalls
allow Connection Server instances to receive incoming JMS traffic on port 4002 from desktops and security
servers. Also open port 4101 to accept connections from other Connection Server instances.
If you ever reinstall Connection Server on a server that has a data collector set configured to monitor
performance data, stop the data collector set and start it again.
Enable TLSv1.0 on vCenter Connections from Connection Server
Horizon 7 and later components have the TLSv1.0 security protocol disabled by default. If your deployment
includes an older version of vCenter Server that supports only TLSv1.0, you might need to enable TLSv1.0
for View Connection Server connections after installing or upgrading to View Connection Server 7.0 or a
later release.
Some earlier maintenance releases of vCenter Server 5.0, 5.1, and 5.5 support only TLSv1.0, which is no
longer enabled by default in Horizon 7 and later releases. If it is not possible to upgrade vCenter Server to a
version that supports TLSv1.1 or TLSv1.2, you can enable TLSv1.0 for View Connection Server connections.
Prerequisites
n
If you are upgrading to Horizon 7, perform this procedure before you upgrade to minimize the number
of times you must restart the service. During an upgrade the VMware Horizon View Connection Server
service is restarted, and a restart is required to apply the configuration changes described in this
procedure. If you upgrade before you perform this procedure, you will need to restart the service a
second time.
n
See the Microsoft TechNet Web site for information on how to use the ADSI Edit utility on your
Windows operating system version.
Procedure
1
Start the ADSI Edit utility on your View Connection Server host.
2
In the console tree, select Connect to.
3
4
In the Select or type a Distinguished Name or Naming Context text box, type the distinguished name
DC=vdi, DC=vmware, DC=int.
In the Computer pane, select or type localhost:389 or the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the
View Connection Server host followed by port 389.
For example: localhost:389 or mycomputer.example.com:389
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Expand the ADSI Edit tree, expand OU=Properties, select OU=Global, and double-click CN=Common
in the right pane.
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6
In the Properties dialog box, edit the pae-ClientSSLSecureProtocols attribute to add the following
value
\LIST:TLSv1.2,TLSv1.1,TLSv1
Be sure to include the back slash at the beginning of the line.
7
Click OK.
8
If this is a fresh installation, to apply the configuration change, restart the VMware Horizon View
Connection Server service on each connection server instance.
If you plan to perform an upgrade, you do not need to restart the service because the process of
upgrading automatically restarts the service.
Upgrade to the Latest Version of View Connection Server on a Different
Machine
As part of your upgrade, you can migrate View Connection Server to a new machine.
Prerequisites
n
Upgrade at least one existing View Connection Server instance to the latest version. See “Upgrade View
Connection Servers in a Replicated Group,” on page 32. During this upgrade, your existing View LDAP
will be upgraded.
n
Verify that the new physical or virtual machine meets the system requirements for installing
View Connection Server. See “Supported Operating Systems for Horizon Connection Server,” on
page 15 and “Hardware Requirements for Horizon Connection Server,” on page 15.
n
Familiarize yourself with the security-related requirements of View, and verify that these requirements
are met. See “Upgrade Requirements for View Connection Server,” on page 16.
n
Determine when to perform this procedure. Choose an available desktop maintenance window. Budget
15 minutes to half an hour for each instance.
n
Verify that you have a domain user account with administrative privileges on the host you will use to
run the installer.
n
Familiarize yourself with the procedure for installing a replicated instance. See the View Installation
document. You install a replicated instance as part of this procedure.
You do not need to make any changes to the configuration of existing load balancers.
Procedure
1
Verify that an upgraded instance of View Connection Server is running and is accessible to the new
machine where you plan to install View Connection Server.
When you install View Connection Server on the new host, you will point to this existing instance.
2
On the new machine, install a replicated instance of View Connection Server.
The View LDAP on the new instance will replicate that of the upgraded source instance.
3
If applicable, uninstall View Connection Server from the old host by using the Windows Add/Remove
Programs utility.
4
In View Administrator, go to View Configuration > Servers > Connection Servers tab and determine
whether the View Connection Server instance that was uninstalled still appears in the list.
5
If the uninstalled View Connection Server instance still appears in the list, use a vdmadmin command to
remove it.
vdmadmin.exe -S -s server_name -r
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Chapter 3 Upgrading View Server Components
In this example, server_name is the host name or IP address of the View Connection Server host. For
more information about the vdmadmin command-line tool, see the View Administration document.
A new instance of View Connection Server is added to a group and an old instance is removed.
What to do next
If you have an older version of vCenter Server, see “Enable TLSv1.0 on vCenter Connections from
Connection Server,” on page 35.
Upgrade the other View server components.
If you ever reinstall View Connection Server on a server that has a data collector set configured to monitor
performance data, stop the data collector set and start it again.
Create a Replicated Group After Reverting View Connection Server to a
Snapshot
If an upgrade fails, or if for some other reason, you must revert a virtual machine that hosts View
Connection Server to a snapshot, you must uninstall the other View Connection Server instances in the
group and recreate the replicated group.
If you revert one View Connection Server virtual machine to a snapshot, the View LDAP objects in the
database of that virtual machine are no longer consistent with the View LDAP objects in the databases of the
other replicated instances. After you revert to a snapshot, the following event is logged in the Windows
Event log, in the VMwareVDMDS Event log (Event ID 2103): The Active Directory Lightweight Directory
Services database has been restored using an unsupported restoration procedure. The reverted
virtual machine stops replicating its View LDAP.
If you find it necessary to revert to a snapshot, you must uninstall other View Connection Server instances
and uninstall the View LDAP on those virtual machines and then reinstall replica instances.
Prerequisites
Determine which View Connection Server instance is to be the new standard, or master,
View Connection Server. This Connection Server has the desired View configuration data.
Procedure
1
On all View Connection Server instances except the one chosen to be the new standard
View Connection Server instance, uninstall View Connection Server and the View LDAP instance.
The View LDAP instance is called AD LDS Instance VMwareVDMDS.
2
On the virtual machine that hosts the standard, or master, View Connection Server instance, open a
command prompt and enter the following command to ensure that replication is not disabled.
repadmin /options localhost:389 -DISABLE_OUTBOUND_REPL -DISABLE_INBOUND_REPL
3
On the virtual machines that are to host the replica View Connection Server instances, run the
View Connection Server installer, select the View Replica Server installation option, and specify the
host name or IP address of the standard View Connection Server instance.
The replicated group of View Connection Server instances is recreated and their View LDAP objects are
consistent.
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Upgrading View Security Server
If your deployment uses load balancers to manage multiple security servers, an upgrade of the Connection
Server infrastructure can be performed with zero down time.
Note If you would like to use Access Point appliances instead of View security servers, you must upgrade
the View Connection Server instances to version 6.2 or later before installing and configuring the Access
Point appliances to point to the View Connection Server instances, or the load balancer that fronts the
instances. For more information, see Deploying and Configuring Access Point.
Preparing View Security Server for an Upgrade
Before you upgrade security servers, perform these tasks to create backups and record configuration
settings.
n
Verify that the virtual or physical machine on which the current security server is installed meets the
system requirements for the new version.
See “Horizon Connection Server Requirements,” on page 15.
n
If the security server is installed in a virtual machine, take a snapshot of the virtual machine.
For instructions on taking snapshots, see the vSphere Client online help. You can label the snapshot
Upgrade Preparation Phase.
n
Open View Administrator and document the settings for this security server. Go to View Configuration
> Servers and click the Security Servers tab.
For example, select the security server, click Edit, and take a screen shot of the settings.
n
Document the IP address and system name of the machine on which the security server is installed.
n
If you use load balancers for security servers, document the configuration settings for the load
balancers.
Note This topic does not describe the View Administrator command called Prepare for Upgrade or
Reinstallation, which is available from the Security Servers tab. That command removes IPsec rules for the
security server, which stops all communication between the security server and the paired View Connection
Server instance. You will therefore use the command during the upgrade procedure, immediately before
you upgrade the security server, as described in “Upgrade View Security Servers and Their Paired View
Connection Servers,” on page 38.
Upgrade View Security Servers and Their Paired View Connection Servers
Use this procedure if the View Connection Server instance that you plan to upgrade is paired with a security
server.
This procedure is designed to upgrade one security server and its paired View Connection Server instance
before moving on to upgrade the next security server and its paired View connection Server instance. This
strategy allows for zero down time. If the instance is not paired with a security server, use the procedure
“Upgrade View Connection Servers in a Replicated Group,” on page 32.
The first few steps of this procedure involve upgrading the View Connection Server instance. After the View
Connection Server upgrade, but before the security server upgrade, one of the steps describes removing the
IPsec rules for the security server. When you remove the IPsec rules for an active security server, all
communication with the security server is lost until you upgrade or reinstall the security server.
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Chapter 3 Upgrading View Server Components
By default, communication between a security server and its paired View Connection Server instance is
governed by IPsec rules. If the existing IPsec rules are not removed before you upgrade or reinstall, the
pairing between the security server and View Connection Server fails, and a new set of IPsec rules cannot be
established after the upgrade.
Prerequisites
n
Determine when to perform this procedure. Choose an available desktop maintenance window. Budget
15 to 30 minutes for each security server and its paired View Connection Server instance.
n
If you use View Composer, verify that View Composer has been upgraded. See “Upgrade View
Composer,” on page 21. After you upgrade View Connection Server, you must add View Composer
using View Administrator.
n
Familiarize yourself with the security-related requirements of View, and verify that these requirements
are met. See “Upgrade Requirements for View Connection Server,” on page 16. You might need to
obtain and install a CA-signed SSL server certificate that includes certificate revocation information,
verify that Windows Firewall with Advanced Security is set to on, and configure any back-end firewalls
to support IPsec.
n
Verify that the virtual or physical machines on which the current security server and View Connection
Server instances are installed meet the system requirements.
See “Horizon Connection Server Requirements,” on page 15.
n
Complete the tasks listed in “Preparing View Connection Server for an Upgrade,” on page 31.
Important If any Local Mode desktops are checked out at the time you run the View Connection
Server installer to install the upgrade, the upgrade will fail.
n
Verify that you have a license for the new version.
n
Verify that you have a user account with administrative privileges on the hosts that you will use to run
the installer and perform the upgrade.
n
If you have not configured a security server pairing password, use the latest version of View
Administrator to do so. The installation program will prompt you for this password during installation.
See the topic called "Configure a Security Server Pairing Password" in the View Installation document.
Procedure
1
If you are using a load balancer to manage security servers that are paired with Connection Server
instances, disable the security server that is paired with the Connection Server instance you are about to
upgrade.
2
Upgrade the View Connection Server instance that is paired with this security server.
Follow steps 2 through 6 of “Upgrade View Connection Servers in a Replicated Group,” on page 32.
3
Remove IPsec rules for the security server paired with the View Connection Server instance that you
just upgraded.
a
In View Administrator, click View Configuration > Servers.
b
In the Security Servers tab, select a security server and click More Commands > Prepare for
Upgrade or Reinstallation.
If you disabled IPsec rules before you installed the security server, this setting is inactive. In this
case, you do not have to remove IPsec rules before you reinstall or upgrade.
c
Click OK.
The IPsec rules are removed and the Prepare for Upgrade or Reinstallation setting becomes inactive,
indicating that you can reinstall or upgrade the security server.
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4
On the host of the security server, download and run the installer for the latest version of View
Connection Server.
The installer filename is VMware-viewconnectionserver-x86_64-y.y.y-xxxxxx.exe, where xxxxxx is the
build number and y.y.y is the version number. The installer determines that an older version is already
installed and performs an upgrade. The installer displays fewer installation options than during a fresh
installation.
You will be prompted to supply the security server pairing password.
You might be prompted to dismiss a message box notifying you that the Security Server service was
stopped. The installer stops the service in preparation for the upgrade.
5
After the installer wizard is finished, verify that the VMware Horizon View Security Server service is
started.
6
If you are using a load balancer for managing this security server, add this server back to the loadbalanced group.
7
Log in to View Administrator, select the security server in the Dashboard, and verify that the security
server is now at the latest version.
8
Verify that you can log in to a remote desktop.
9
In View Administrator, go to View Configuration > Servers > Security Servers tab and remove any
duplicate security servers from the list.
The automated security server pairing mechanism can produce duplicate entries in the Security Servers
list if the full system name does not match the name that was assigned when the security server was
originally created.
10
Use the vdmexport.exe utility to back up the newly upgraded View LDAP database.
If you have multiple instances of Connection Server in a replicated group, you need only export the
data from one instance.
11
Log in to Horizon Administrator and examine the dashboard to verify that the vCenter Server and View
Composer icons are green.
If either of these icons is red and an Invalid Certificate Detected dialog box appears, you must click
Verify and either accept the thumbprint of the untrusted certificate, as described in "What to Do Next,"
or install a valid CA-signed SSL certificate.
For information about replacing the default certificate for vCenter Server, see the VMware vSphere
Examples and Scenarios document.
12
Verify that the dashboard icons for the connection server instances are also are green.
If any instances have red icons, click the instance to determine the replication status. Replication might
be impaired for any of the following reasons:
n
A firewall might be blocking communication
n
The VMware VDMDS service might be stopped on a Connection Server instance
n
The VMware VDMS DSA options might be blocking the replications
n
A network problem has occurred
What to do next
To use a default or self-signed certificate from vCenter Server or View Composer, see “Accept the
Thumbprint of a Default SSL Certificate,” on page 43.
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Chapter 3 Upgrading View Server Components
If the upgrade fails on one or more of the View Connection Server instances, see “Create a Replicated Group
After Reverting View Connection Server to a Snapshot,” on page 37.
Important If you plan to use enhanced message security mode for JMS messages, make sure that firewalls
allow Connection Server instances to receive incoming JMS traffic on port 4002 from desktops and security
servers. Also open port 4101 to accept connections from other Connection Server instances.
If you ever reinstall Connection Server on a server that has a data collector set configured to monitor
performance data, stop the data collector set and start it again.
Upgrading View Servers in a Cloud Pod Architecture Environment
The Cloud Pod Architecture feature uses standard View components to provide cross-datacenter
administration. All servers in all pods that are joined in a pod federation must be upgraded to the same
version of View Connection Server as soon as possible.
With the Cloud Pod Architecture feature, you link together multiple View pods to provide a single large
desktop and hosted application brokering and management environment. A View pod consists of a set of
View Connection Server instances, shared storage, a database server, and the vSphere and network
infrastructures required to host desktop virtual machines and application pools. For information about
designing and setting up a Cloud Pod Architecture environment, see Administering Cloud Pod Architecture in
Horizon 7.
Use the following process to upgrade your Cloud Pod Architecture:
1
Upgrade all View Connection Server instances in one pod, according to the usual process for upgrading
a single View Connection Server instance.
2
Repeat the preceding step for the other pods in the federation, upgrading each pod one-by-one.
Important During the upgrade process, some View Connection Server instances will be using the latest
version and some will be using the older version. This sort of mixed environment is supported during the
upgrade process, but VMware recommends that you complete this process as soon as possible. New
features will not work in a mixed environment. Also, a new feature that might be visible in View
Administrator on an upgraded server will not be visible in View Administrator on a server that has not been
upgraded.
Upgrading View Servers to Allow HTML Access
When upgrading View Connection Server instances or security servers behind a load balancer or behind a
gateway such as Access Point, you must make configuration changes to continue to use HTML Access.
For more information, see "Allow HTML Access Through a Load Balancer" and "Allow HTML Access
Through a Gateway" in the View Installation document.
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Upgrade vCenter Server
Perform a vCenter Server upgrade as part of the same maintenance window during which you upgrade
other View server components. Before you upgrade vCenter Server, you must back up some View data.
After the upgrade, if View Composer is running on the same server, you must restart the View Composer
service.
Note During the vCenter Server upgrade, existing remote desktop and application sessions will not be
disconnected, but the following functionality is not available during the vCenter Server upgrade:
n
Remote desktops that are in a provisioning state will not get powered on.
n
New desktops cannot be launched.
n
View Composer operations are not allowed.
Prerequisites
n
Determine when to perform this procedure. Choose an available desktop maintenance window. For
information about how much time is required, see the VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide.
n
Back up the vCenter Server database and the View Composer database.
n
Back up the View LDAP database from a View Connection Server instance by using the vdmexport.exe
utility.
For instructions, see the View Administration document. If you have multiple instances of
View Connection Server in a replicated group, you need to export the data from only one instance.
n
Perform the tasks listed in “Preparing for Upgrades That Include vSphere,” on page 20.
n
Verify that the server on which vCenter Server is installed has a CA (certificate authority)-signed SSL
server certificate installed and configured. After you upgrade View Connection Server, if vCenter Server
does not use a CA-signed certificate, the default self-signed certificate is shown as invalid in View
Administrator, and a message indicates that vCenter Server is unavailable.
n
Complete the prerequisites listed in the VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide, using the version of the guide
that corresponds to the version of vSphere that you plan to upgrade to.
Procedure
1
Upgrade vCenter Server as described in the VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide.
Important If your clusters contain Virtual SAN datastores, also see the chapter about upgrading the
Virtual SAN cluster, in the Administering VMware Virtual SAN document. This chapter contains a topic
about upgrading vCenter Server.
2
If View Composer is installed on the same host, restart the View Composer service.
3
Log in to View Administrator and examine the dashboard to verify that the vCenter Server and View
Composer icons are green.
If either of these icons is red and an Invalid Certificate Detected dialog box appears, you must click
Verify and either accept the thumbprint of the untrusted certificate, as described in "What to Do Next,"
or install a valid CA-signed SSL certificate.
For information about replacing the default certificate for vCenter Server, see the VMware vSphere
Examples and Scenarios document.
What to do next
To use a default or self-signed certificate from vCenter Server or View Composer, see “Accept the
Thumbprint of a Default SSL Certificate,” on page 43.
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Chapter 3 Upgrading View Server Components
If you have finished upgrading View server components, at your next maintenance window, continue with
the View upgrade.
n
If you are also upgrading vSphere components, see Chapter 4, “Upgrade ESXi Hosts and Their Virtual
Machines,” on page 45.
n
If you upgrading only View components, see “Upgrade View Agent or Horizon Agent,” on page 48.
Accept the Thumbprint of a Default SSL Certificate
When you add vCenter Server and View Composer instances to View, you must ensure that the SSL
certificates that are used for the vCenter Server and View Composer instances are valid and trusted by View
Connection Server. If the default certificates that are installed with vCenter Server and View Composer are
still in place, you must determine whether to accept these certificates' thumbprints.
If a vCenter Server or View Composer instance is configured with a certificate that is signed by a CA, and
the root certificate is trusted by View Connection Server, you do not have to accept the certificate
thumbprint. No action is required.
If you replace a default certificate with a certificate that is signed by a CA, but View Connection Server does
not trust the root certificate, you must determine whether to accept the certificate thumbprint. A thumbprint
is a cryptographic hash of a certificate. The thumbprint is used to quickly determine if a presented certificate
is the same as another certificate, such as the certificate that was accepted previously.
Note If you install vCenter Server and View Composer on the same Windows Server host, they can use the
same SSL certificate, but you must configure the certificate separately for each component.
For details about configuring SSL certificates, see "Configuring SSL Certificates for View Servers" in the View
Installation document.
You first add vCenter Server and View Composer in View Administrator by using the Add vCenter Server
wizard. If a certificate is untrusted and you do not accept the thumbprint, you cannot add vCenter Server
and View Composer.
After these servers are added, you can reconfigure them in the Edit vCenter Server dialog box.
Note You also must accept a certificate thumbprint when you upgrade from an earlier release and a
vCenter Server or View Composer certificate is untrusted, or if you replace a trusted certificate with an
untrusted certificate.
On the View Administrator dashboard, the vCenter Server or View Composer icon turns red and an Invalid
Certificate Detected dialog box appears. You must click Verify and follow the procedure shown here.
Similarly, in View Administrator you can configure a SAML authenticator for use by a View Connection
Server instance. If the SAML server certificate is not trusted by View Connection Server, you must determine
whether to accept the certificate thumbprint. If you do not accept the thumbprint, you cannot configure the
SAML authenticator in View. After a SAML authenticator is configured, you can reconfigure it in the Edit
View Connection Server dialog box.
Procedure
1
When View Administrator displays an Invalid Certificate Detected dialog box, click View Certificate.
2
Examine the certificate thumbprint in the Certificate Information window.
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3
Examine the certificate thumbprint that was configured for the vCenter Server or View Composer
instance.
a
On the vCenter Server or View Composer host, start the MMC snap-in and open the Windows
Certificate Store.
b
Navigate to the vCenter Server or View Composer certificate.
c
Click the Certificate Details tab to display the certificate thumbprint.
Similarly, examine the certificate thumbprint for a SAML authenticator. If appropriate, take the
preceding steps on the SAML authenticator host.
4
Verify that the thumbprint in the Certificate Information window matches the thumbprint for the
vCenter Server or View Composer instance.
Similarly, verify that the thumbprints match for a SAML authenticator.
5
Determine whether to accept the certificate thumbprint.
Option
Description
The thumbprints match.
Click Accept to use the default certificate.
The thumbprints do not match.
Click Reject.
Troubleshoot the mismatched certificates. For example, you might have
provided an incorrect IP address for vCenter Server or View Composer.
Using Horizon 7 Group Policy Administrative Template Files
Horizon 7 provides several component-specific Group Policy Administrative (ADM and ADMX) template
files. You can optimize and secure remote desktops and applications by adding the policy settings in these
ADM and ADMX template files to a new or existing GPO in Active Directory.
Note In Horizon 7 version 7.1, the ADM template files are deprecated and the ADMX template files are
added.
All ADMX files that provide group policy settings for Horizon 7 are available in a bundled .zip file named
VMware-Horizon-Extras-Bundle-x.x.x-yyyyyyy.zip, where x.x.x is the version and yyyyyyy is the build
number. You can download the file from the VMware download site at
https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/downloads. Under Desktop & End-User Computing, select the
VMware Horizon 7 download, which includes the bundled .zip file.
To upgrade group policies, simply use the Group Policy Object Editor on your Active Directory server to
add the new version of the template files.
The Horizon 7 ADM and ADMX template files contain both Computer Configuration and User
Configuration group policies.
n
The Computer Configuration policies set policies that apply to all remote desktops, regardless of who
connects to the desktop.
n
The User Configuration policies set policies that apply to all users, regardless of the remote desktop or
application they connect to. User Configuration policies override equivalent Computer Configuration
policies.
Microsoft Windows applies policies at desktop startup and when users log in.
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Upgrade ESXi Hosts and Their Virtual
Machines
4
Upgrading ESXi hosts and virtual machines is the most time-consuming aspect of this middle phase of a
View upgrade.
This procedure provides an overview of the tasks you must perform during the second and subsequent
maintenance windows. To complete some of these tasks, you might need step-by-step instructions found in
the VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide and the View Administration document.
For details about which versions of Horizon are compatible with which versions of vCenter Server and ESXi,
see the VMware Product Interoperability Matrix at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
Important The following table describes which View features depend on specific virtual hardware
versions and therefore might require a virtual machine upgrade.
Table 4‑1. Virtual Hardware Versions Required for Specific Features
Feature
Virtual Hardware Version
Corresponding vSphere Version
Space-efficient disk format for linked-clone
pools
9 or later
vSphere 5.1 or later
VMware® Virtual SAN™ datastores, first
version
10 or later
vSphere 5.5 Update 1 or later
VMware Virtual SAN datastores, second
version
11 or later
vSphere 6.0 or later
VMware Virtual Volumes datastores
11 or later
vSphere 6.0 or later
Native NFS snapshot technology (VAAI)
9 or later
vSphere 5.1 or later
Virtual shared graphics acceleration
8 or later
vSphere 5.0 or later
Virtual dedicated graphics acceleration
9 or later
vSphere 5.1 or later
NVIDIA GRID vGPU graphics acceleration
11 or later
vSphere 6.0 or later
Prerequisites
n
Complete the procedure described in “Upgrade View Connection Servers in a Replicated Group,” on
page 32.
n
Perform the ESXi upgrade preparation tasks listed in the VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide.
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Procedure
1
Upgrade ESXi hosts, cluster by cluster.
For instructions, see the VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide. If your clusters contain Virtual SAN datastores,
also see the chapter about upgrading the Virtual SAN cluster, in the Administering VMware Virtual SAN
document. This chapter contains a topic about upgrading ESXi hosts.
If you have many clusters, this step could take several maintenance windows to complete. Upgrading
ESXi hosts might include the following tasks:
®
®
a
Use VMware vSphere vMotion to move the virtual machines off of the ESXi host.
b
Put the host into maintenance mode.
c
Perform the upgrade.
d
Use VMotion to move the virtual machines back onto the host.
e
Perform post-upgrade tasks for ESXi hosts.
Every host must be a member of a cluster, as mentioned in the prerequisites.
2
If an upgraded host does not reconnect itself to vCenter Server, use vSphere Client to reconnect the host
to vCenter Server.
3
If you use View Composer, after all ESXi hosts are upgraded, on the vCenter Server host, restart the
View Composer service.
4
(Optional) Upgrade VMware Tools™ and the virtual machines on all parent virtual machines, virtual
machine templates, and virtual machines that host View server components such as View Connection
Server instances.
®
a
Plan for down time, as described in the VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide.
b
Update VMware Tools, and upgrade the virtual machine hardware for virtual machines that will be
used as sources for remote desktops.
®
For step-by-step instructions if you plan not to use VMware vSphere Update Manager™, see the
chapter about upgrading virtual machines in the VMware vSphere Virtual Machine Administration
document.
If you use VMware vSphere Update Manager, you can update VMware Tools and then the virtual
hardware version in the correct order for all the virtual machines in a particular folder. See the
VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide.
5
(Optional) If you use full-clone desktops, on each virtual machine, upgrade VMware Tools and the
virtual hardware for virtual machines that will be used as sources for remote desktops.
®
For step-by-step instructions if you plan not to use VMware vSphere Update Manager™, see the
chapter about upgrading virtual machines in the VMware vSphere Virtual Machine Administration
document.
If you use vSphere Update Manager, you can update VMware Tools and then the virtual hardware
version in the correct order for all the virtual machines in a particular folder. See the VMware vSphere
Upgrade Guide.
What to do next
Upgrade the agent software. See “Upgrade View Agent or Horizon Agent,” on page 48.
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Upgrading Remote Desktops and
Horizon Client
5
The remote desktop and the client components that you can upgrade include Horizon Client for any of the
supported desktop and mobile client platforms, thin clients provided by VMware partners, and the Horizon
Agent, which runs inside the operating systems of remote desktops and Microsoft RDS hosts.
Important This chapter does not contain information about upgrading Horizon Agent on a Linux virtual
machine. For this information, see Setting Up Horizon 7 for Linux Desktops.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Security-Related Requirements for Remote Desktop Upgrade,” on page 47
n
“Upgrade RDS Hosts That Provide Session-Based Desktops,” on page 47
n
“Upgrade View Agent or Horizon Agent,” on page 48
n
“Upgrade View Composer Desktop Pools,” on page 51
n
“Upgrade the Client Application,” on page 52
Security-Related Requirements for Remote Desktop Upgrade
RC4, SSLv3, and TLSv1.0 are disabled by default in View components. If you need to reenable RC4, SSLv3,
or TLSv1.0 on a remote desktop, see "Older Protocols and Ciphers Disabled in View" in the View Security
document.
For complete information about the security features of View Agent, Horizon Agent, and Horizon Client,
see the Horizon Client and Agent Security document.
Upgrade RDS Hosts That Provide Session-Based Desktops
On RDS hosts with Windows Server 2008 R2 or a later operating system, you can upgrade the View Agent
or Horizon Agent software and edit pool settings so that the RDS host can provide remote desktops and
remote Windows-based applications.
With VMware Horizon 6.0 and later releases, you can use Microsoft RDS hosts to provide remote
applications, in addition to remote desktops. With this added functionality, the previously hidden server
farm name is displayed in Horizon Administrator.
Prerequisites
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Verify that at least one Horizon Connection Server instance in the replicated group has been upgraded.
Connection Server must be upgraded first so that the secure JMS pairing mechanism can work with
Horizon Agent.
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n
Verify that the RDS host currently hosting remote desktops is running Windows Server 2008 R2,
Windows Server 2012, or Windows Server 2012 R2. Windows Server 2008 (Terminal Services) was
supported for earlier versions of View but is not a supported operating system for this release. If you do
not have a supported Windows Server operating system, you must do a fresh installation rather than an
upgrade. For a list of supported operating systems, see “Supported Operating Systems for Horizon
Agent,” on page 17.
n
Verify that the RDS Host role is installed in the operating system. See the procedure called "Install
Remote Desktop Services on Windows Server 2008 R2" in the Setting Up Published Desktops and
Applications in Horizon 7 document.
n
Familiarize yourself with the procedure for running the Horizon Agent installer. See the procedure
called "Install Horizon Agent on a Remote Desktop Services Host," in Setting Up Published Desktops and
Applications in Horizon 7, available by clicking the Help button in Horizon Administrator.
n
Verify that you have logged off from all remote desktops and remote applications.
n
Verify that you have a domain user account with administrative privileges on the hosts that you will
use to run the installer and perform the upgrade.
Procedure
1
In Horizon Administrator, edit the desktop pool settings for the pool to disable the pool.
Go to Catalog > Desktop Pools, select the pool, and click Edit.
2
On the RDS host, download and run the installer for the new version of Horizon Agent.
You can download the installer from the VMware Web site.
3
In Horizon Administrator, edit the farm settings and set the default display protocol to PCoIP or
VMware Blast.
Go to Resources > Farms, select the farm, and click Edit.
You can also use a setting that allows the end user to choose the protocol. To use remote applications,
the protocol must be PCoIP or VMware Blast. Remote applications are not supported with RDP.
4
In Horizon Administrator, edit the desktop pool settings for the pool to enable the pool.
This host can now provide remote applications in addition to remote desktops. In Horizon Administrator, if
you go to Catalog > Desktop Pools, you see that the type of pool is RDS Desktop Pool. If you go to
Resources > Farms, you see a farm ID in the list that corresponds to the pool ID.
What to do next
Upgrade the clients. See “Upgrade the Client Application,” on page 52.
Upgrade View Agent or Horizon Agent
The strategy for upgrading the agent software depends on the type of desktop source.
Note To upgrade the operating system in a virtual machine desktop from Windows 8 to Windows 8.1, you
must uninstall Horizon Agent, upgrade the operating system from Windows 8 to Windows 8.1, and then
reinstall Horizon Agent. Alternatively, you can perform a fresh installation of Windows 8.1 and then install
Horizon Agent.
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Chapter 5 Upgrading Remote Desktops and Horizon Client
This procedure provides an overview of the tasks you must perform to upgrade the agent software in virtual
machines used as desktop sources. To complete some of these tasks, you might need the step-by-step
instructions found in the vSphere Client online help or in Setting Up Virtual Desktops in Horizon 7, available
by clicking the Help button in Horizon Administrator. To upgrade the agent software on a Terminal Services
host or Microsoft RDS host, see “Upgrade RDS Hosts That Provide Session-Based Desktops,” on page 47. To
upgrade the agent software on a Linux virtual machine, see the separate document, Setting Up Horizon 7 for
Linux Desktops.
If you plan to deploy instant clones, you can use this procedure to create a parent virtual machine for an
instant-clone desktop pool. When you upgrade Horizon Agent on a parent virtual machine, simply select
the appropriate option for an instant-clone desktop pool.
Important The Horizon Agent installer now includes all components that were previously included in the
Remote Experience Agent, which was part of the VMware Horizon™ View™ Feature Pack. To upgrade
features that were installed with the Remote Experience Agent, you can simply run the Horizon Agent
installer. This installer removes the Remote Experience Agent before performing the upgrade. If, for some
reason, you decide to manually remove the Remote Experience Agent, be sure to do so before you run the
installer for the new version of Horizon Agent.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that at least one View Connection Server instance in the replicated group has been upgraded.
View Connection Server must be upgraded first so that the secure JMS pairing mechanism can work
with Horizon Agent.
n
If you are upgrading ESXi hosts and virtual machines, complete the procedure described in Chapter 4,
“Upgrade ESXi Hosts and Their Virtual Machines,” on page 45.
n
Verify that you have a domain user account with administrative privileges on the hosts that you will
use to run the installer and perform the upgrade.
Procedure
1
If you plan to deploy instant clones or View Composer linked clones, upgrade the agent software on a
parent virtual machine and create a desktop pool for testing purposes.
a
Download and run the new version of the Horizon Agent installer on a parent virtual machine.
You can download the installer from the VMware Web site.
b
Create a small desktop pool from this virtual machine.
c
Test a virtual machine desktop from the desktop pool to verify that all the usage scenarios function
properly.
For example, create a desktop pool that contains one virtual machine desktop, and verify that you
can use Horizon Client to log in to that desktop.
Step-by-step instructions for running the Horizon Agent installer and creating desktop pools appear in
Setting Up Virtual Desktops in Horizon 7, available by clicking the Help button in Horizon Administrator.
Important If you are upgrading from View 5.1.x or earlier, and you use Sysprep, and your end users
will connect USB devices to their remote desktops, you must follow the procedure described in the
VMware Knowledge Base, at http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2051801. Otherwise, after you upgrade the agent
software, the USB redirection feature might not work.
2
On the other parent virtual machines and virtual machine templates, download and run the installer for
the new version of Horizon Agent.
Step-by-step instructions for running the Horizon Agent installer and creating desktop pools appear in
Setting Up Virtual Desktops in Horizon 7, available by clicking the Help button in Horizon Administrator.
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3
If you plan to create instant-clone or View Composer linked-clone desktop pools, take a snapshot of
each upgraded parent virtual machine.
Use the new snapshot for creating an instant-clone or linked-clone desktop pool, or for recomposing an
existing linked-clone desktop pool.
For instructions on taking snapshots, see the vSphere Client online help.
4
If you use full-clone desktops or other virtual machines that you added as individual desktops or as
part of a manual pool, upgrade the agent software by using whatever third-party tools you usually use
for software upgrades.
5
For automated and manual Windows 7 and 8 pools that are not instant-clone or linked-clone pools, to
turn on the 3D rendering feature, edit the pool and power the virtual machine desktops off and on.
a
b
Configure the following pool settings:
n
Set the pool to use the PCoIP display protocol or the VMware Blast display protocol.
n
Set Allow users to choose protocol to No.
n
Turn on the 3D Renderer feature.
Power off each virtual machine and power it on again.
Restarting a virtual machine, rather than powering off and on, does not cause the setting to take
effect.
6
If you use physical PCs or virtual machines as Microsoft RDS hosts, to provide remote desktops or
applications, download and run the installer for the new version of Horizon Agent on these machines.
You can download the installer from the VMware Web site.
Important When you run the installer on a virtual machine RDS host, the View Composer Agent
component is de-selected. Do not select this component during an upgrade. If you want to use this
component to create an automated farm, which is a feature introduced with Horizon 6 version 6.2,
uninstall the previous version of the agent software and then install the new version with the View
Composer Agent component selected.
7
If you use physical PCs as desktop sources, download and run the installer for the new version of
Horizon Agent on these physical machines.
You can download the installer from the VMware Web site.
8
Use a Horizon Client that has not been upgraded to verify that you can log in to the upgraded remote
desktop sources with your old client software.
What to do next
If you use View Composer desktop pools, recompose or recreate the pools. See “Upgrade View Composer
Desktop Pools,” on page 51.
Upgrade clients. See “Upgrade the Client Application,” on page 52.
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Chapter 5 Upgrading Remote Desktops and Horizon Client
Upgrade View Composer Desktop Pools
Part of the final phase of a View upgrade includes upgrading View Composer desktop pools.
Upgrading pools that were created with View Composer requires that you use a snapshot taken after
upgrading Horizon Agent on the parent virtual machine.
Important If you use View Composer linked clones and you want to use the space reclamation feature
available with vSphere 5.1 and later virtual machines, you must configure certain settings in View LDAP
and in View Administrator, in addition to performing the steps in this procedure. For a complete list of
tasks, see “Tasks for Upgrading Desktop Pools to Use Space Reclamation,” on page 56.
Note If you are also upgrading the virtual hardware version, such as upgrading to virtual hardware
version 8 or later, included with vSphere 5 or later, the snapshot of the upgraded parent virtual machine is
used to upgrade the virtual hardware version of the rest of the virtual machines in the linked-clone pool.
Upgrading in this way, from one virtual hardware version (or compatibility level) to a higher version, is
supported. You cannot, however, recompose linked clones to a lower hardware version than their current
version. For example, you cannot recompose hardware version 8 clones to a parent virtual machine that is
hardware version 7.
Prerequisites
n
Complete the procedure described in “Upgrade View Composer,” on page 21.
n
Complete the procedure described in “Upgrade View Connection Servers in a Replicated Group,” on
page 32.
n
If you are also upgrading ESXi hosts and virtual machines, complete the procedure described in
Chapter 4, “Upgrade ESXi Hosts and Their Virtual Machines,” on page 45.
For information about the vSphere versions that are required for various new features, see Table 4-1.
n
Complete the procedure described in “Upgrade View Agent or Horizon Agent,” on page 48 for
upgrading the agent in the parent virtual machine.
Important If you are upgrading from View 5.1.x or earlier, and you use Sysprep, and your end users
will connect USB devices to their remote desktops, you must follow the procedure described in the
VMware Knowledge Base, at http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2051801. Otherwise, after you upgrade the agent
software, the USB redirection feature might not work.
n
Plan maintenance windows carefully so that recreating and recomposing desktop pools will not
overwhelm the storage array and ESXi hosts.
Procedure
1
If you disabled provisioning of new virtual machines in preparation for the upgrade, enable
provisioning again.
2
To turn on the 3D rendering feature, edit the pool to configure the following settings:
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n
Set the pool to use the PCoIP display protocol or the VMware Blast display protocol.
n
Set Allow users to choose protocol to No.
n
Turn on the 3D Rendering feature.
To enable the space reclamation feature available with vSphere 5.1 virtual machines, in the Advanced
Storage section of pool settings, select Reclaim VM disk space, and set the threshold for space
reclamation to 1GB.
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4
To enable View Storage Accelerator, available with vSphere 5.0 or later virtual machines, in the
Advanced Storage section of pool settings, verify that the Use View Storage Accelerator check box is
selected.
View Storage Accelerator can improve performance during boot storms and anti-virus scanning I/O
storms by allowing ESXi hosts to cache common virtual machine disk data.
Important This feature is turned on by default. View Storage Accelerator requires 1GB of RAM per
ESXi host.
5
Use the snapshot you created after upgrading the parent virtual machine to recompose desktop pools.
6
If you changed the Refresh OS disk on logoff setting for a pool to Never in preparation for the
upgrade, change the setting back to reflect the appropriate refresh policy.
7
If you canceled any refresh or recompose operations for any desktop pools, schedule the tasks again.
What to do next
Upgrade the clients. See “Upgrade the Client Application,” on page 52.
Perform the tasks listed in Chapter 6, “Post-Upgrade Tasks to Enable New Features in Your View Setup,” on
page 55 that apply to your setup.
Upgrade the Client Application
The final phase of a View upgrade includes upgrading to the latest version of Horizon Client and upgrading
the firmware on thin client devices if you use them.
The Local Mode feature for Horizon Client has been removed. In its place, VMware recommends using
Mirage, which is included with VMware Horizon 7. For more information, see the View Release Notes,
available at https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/view_pubs.html.
Important Upgrading involves running the new version of the Horizon Client installer without first
removing the older version of the client application. If your end users have the Windows-based View Client
4.6.0 or an earlier version, instruct them to remove the client software before downloading and running the
latest Horizon Client installer.
Prerequisites
52
n
Complete the procedures for upgrading the server components, which can include View Connection
Server and View Composer. See Chapter 3, “Upgrading View Server Components,” on page 19.
n
Verify that you have a domain user account with administrative privileges on the hosts that you will
use to run the installer and perform the upgrade.
n
Verify that the client desktop, laptop, tablet, or phone meets the operating system requirements and
hardware requirements of Horizon Client. See the "Using Horizon Client" document for the specific
type of desktop or mobile client device. Go to
https://www.vmware.com/support/viewclients/doc/viewclients_pubs.html.
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Chapter 5 Upgrading Remote Desktops and Horizon Client
Procedure
1
2
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Have end users upgrade to the latest version of Horizon Client.
Option
Action
Horizon Client
Download and send the Horizon Client installers to your end users or post
them on a Web site and ask end users to download the installer and run it.
You can download the installers or have your end users download them
from the VMware Web site at https://www.vmware.com/go/viewclients.
For mobile clients, you can alternatively instruct your end users to get the
latest version of Horizon Client from other Web sites that sell apps,
including the Apple App Store, Google Play, Amazon, and Windows Store.
VMware Horizon user Web portal
End users can open a browser and browse to a View Connection Server
instance. The Web page that appears is called the VMware Horizon user
Web portal, and it contains links for downloading the installer file for
Horizon Client.
Note The default links in Web page point to the Horizon Client
download site. You can change the default links to point elsewhere. See
“Configure the VMware Horizon Web Portal Page for End Users,” on
page 61.
Thin client
Upgrade the thin client firmware and install the new Horizon Client
software on end users' client devices. Thin clients and zero clients are
provided by VMware partners.
Have end users verify that they can log in and connect to their remote desktops.
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VMware, Inc.
Post-Upgrade Tasks to Enable New
Features in Your View Setup
6
After you finish upgrading the servers, virtual machines, and agent software for desktop and application
pools, you can configure your setup to take advantage of certain new features.
In addition to the tasks described in the topics in this chapter, if applicable, you can use View Administrator
to edit advanced storage options for desktop pools, and change the scope of transparent page sharing. By
default, as a security precaution, memory sharing is not allowed among virtual machines on an ESXi host.
For more information, see the topic called "Modifying Settings in an Existing Desktop Pool" in the View
Administration document.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Change the JMS Message Security Mode to Enhanced,” on page 55
n
“Tasks for Upgrading Desktop Pools to Use Space Reclamation,” on page 56
n
“Upgrade Tasks If You Use VMware Virtual SAN Datastores,” on page 57
n
“Configure the VMware Horizon Web Portal Page for End Users,” on page 61
Change the JMS Message Security Mode to Enhanced
When you upgrade, the existing JMS message security mode setting used for the previous version is
retained. Beginning with Horizon 6 version 6.1, you can use View Administrator to change this setting to
Enhanced.
This procedure shows how to use View Administrator to change the message security mode to Enhanced
and monitor the progress of the change on all View components. You can alternatively use the vdmutil
command-line utility to change the mode and monitor progress. See the View Administration document.
Note With Horizon 6 version 6.2 and later releases, you can use Access Point appliances instead of View
security servers. Access Point uses a standard HTTP(S) protocol for communication with View Connection
Server. JMS, IPsec, and AJP13 are not used.
To use Access Point appliances instead of View security servers, you must upgrade the View Connection
Server instances to version 6.2 or later before installing and configuring the Access Point appliances to point
to the View Connection Server instances or the load balancer that fronts the instances. For more information,
see Deploying and Configuring Access Point.
Prerequisites
Verify that you have upgraded all View Connection Server instances, security servers, and View desktops to
Horizon 6 version 6.1 or a later release. View components that predate Horizon 6 version 6.1 cannot
communicate with a View Connection Server 6.1 instance that uses Enhanced mode.
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Procedure
1
Configure back-end firewall rules to allow security servers to send JMS traffic on port 4002 to View
Connection Server instances.
2
In View Administrator, go to View Configuration > Global Settings, and on the Security tab, set
Message security mode to Enhanced.
3
Manually restart the VMware Horizon View Message Bus Component service on all View Connection
Server hosts in the pod, or restart the View Connection Server instances.
After the services are restarted, the View Connection Server instances reconfigure the message security
mode on all desktops and security servers, changing the mode to Enhanced.
4
To monitor the progress in View Administrator, go to View Configuration > Global Settings.
On the Security tab, the Enhanced Security Status item will show Enhanced when all components
have made the transition to Enhanced mode.
When servers communicate with clients, servers will configure clients to use enhanced message security
mode.
Tasks for Upgrading Desktop Pools to Use Space Reclamation
Starting with vSphere 5.1, Horizon 7 creates linked-clone virtual machines in an efficient disk format that
allows ESXi hosts to reclaim unused disk space in the linked clones. Upgrading pools to use this feature
involves changing settings in vCenter Server, View LDAP, and pool settings and then recomposing the pool.
Note The space reclamation feature is not supported if your virtual machine desktops are hosted on
Virtual SAN datastores or Virtual Volumes datastores.
Although the space reclamation feature reduces the amount of disk space used for a virtual machine, it can
reclaim only space that is not used. This feature cannot reclaim disk space created by virtual machines that
have not been optimized. To optimize an operating system image, you can turn off Windows services such
as the indexer service, the defragmenter service, and restore points. For details, see the topics "Optimize
Windows Guest Operating System Performance," "Optimize Windows 7 and Windows 8 Guest Operating
System Performance," and "Optimizing Windows 7 and Windows 8 for Linked-Clone Desktops," in Setting
Up Virtual Desktops in Horizon 7.
Important Because this procedure involves recomposing the desktop pool, any changes that end users
have made to the operating system disk will be lost.
1
If all vCenter Server instances and ESXi hosts for the pool are not at VMware vSphere 5.1 or later,
upgrade them to 5.1 or later.
For instructions, see the VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide.
2
If all virtual machine desktops in the pool are not VMware vSphere 5.1 (virtual hardware version 9) or
later virtual machines, upgrade them.
n
In the parent virtual machine, upgrade VMware Tools to the latest VMware vSphere 5.1 or later
version, and upgrade the virtual machine to the latest version, which must be virtual hardware
version 9 or later.
For instructions, see the VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide.
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n
Take a snapshot of the parent virtual machine. For instructions on taking snapshots, see the
vSphere Client online help.
n
Use the snapshot of the parent virtual machine you just created to recompose the desktop pool. For
instructions on recomposing pools, click the Help button in Horizon Administrator.
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Chapter 6 Post-Upgrade Tasks to Enable New Features in Your View Setup
Recomposing the pool from a snapshot of an upgraded virtual machine is just one method of upgrading
all virtual machines in a linked-clone pool. You can also upgrade the virtual machines one by one.
3
4
Upgrade the disk format used for the virtual machines.
n
On the Connection Server host, use ADSIEdit to navigate to the server group that corresponds to
the pool, and change the value in the pae-UseSeSparseFormat field from 0 to 1.
n
Recompose the desktop pool.
Use Horizon Administrator to edit the vCenter Server settings, navigate to the Storage tab, and select
Reclaim VM disk space.
For instructions on editing server settings, click the Help button in Horizon Administrator.
5
Use Horizon Administrator to edit the pool settings, navigate to the Advanced Storage section, select
Reclaim VM disk space, and set the threshold for space reclamation to 1GB.
Upgrade Tasks If You Use VMware Virtual SAN Datastores
Starting with vSphere 5.5 Update 1, you can use the Virtual SAN feature for high-performance storage and
policy-based management.
With Virtual SAN, the locally attached physical storage disks available on a cluster of vSphere hosts are
aggregated into one virtual datastore. You specify this datastore when creating a desktop pool, and the
various components, such as virtual machine files, replicas, user data, and operating system files, are placed
on the appropriate solid-state drive (SSD) disks or direct-attached hard disks (HDDs).
View defines virtual machine storage requirements, such as capacity, performance, and availability, in the
form of default storage policy profiles, depending on the pool settings used. Storage is provisioned and
automatically configured according to the assigned policies.
Note The space reclamation feature is not supported if your virtual machine desktops are hosted on
Virtual SAN datastores.
Upgrade from a Non-Virtual SAN Datastore to a Virtual SAN Datastore
Upgrading pools to use VMware Virtual SAN datastores involves changing a pool setting and then
rebalancing the pool.
The tasks outlined in this procedure describe upgrading from a non-Virtual SAN datastore to a Virtual SAN
datastore. Upgrading from Virtual SAN datastore on a vSphere 5.5 or earlier cluster (a Tech Preview feature)
is not supported.
Important Because this procedure involves recomposing the desktop pool, any changes that end users
have made to the operating system disk will be lost.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that all ESXi hosts in the cluster used for the pool are upgraded to 5.5 Update 1 or later and that
they meet the system requirements for the Virtual SAN feature. VMware recommends that you upgrade
to vSphere 6.0 or later because the Virtual SAN feature available with vSphere 6.0 and later releases
contains many performance improvements over the feature that was available with vSphere 5.5 Update
1. With vSphere 6.0 this feature also has broader HCL (hardware compatibility) support.
For information about upgrades, see Chapter 4, “Upgrade ESXi Hosts and Their Virtual Machines,” on
page 45 and see the VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide. For information about Virtual SAN requirements
and upgrades, see the Administering VMware Virtual SAN document.
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n
In vCenter Server, verify that the following privileges are added to the Composer role:
Profile-Driven Storage: All
Folder: Create Folder & Delete Folder
Host: Configuration: Advanced settings
Procedure
1
Use vCenter Server 5.5 Update 1 or later to enable Virtual SAN for the vSphere cluster.
For more information, see the vSphere Storage document.
2
Upgrade the desktop pool to the latest version, as described in “Upgrade View Composer Desktop
Pools,” on page 51.
This process includes installing the latest version of Horizon Agent on the parent virtual machine and
taking a snapshot.
3
Recompose the pool on the non-Virtual SAN datastore using the snapshot of the parent virtual machine
you just created.
For instructions on recomposing pools, click the Help button in View Administrator.
4
Edit the pool settings of the newly upgraded desktop pool to enable the Use VMware Virtual SAN
pool setting, change the datastore from a non-Virtual SAN datastore to a Virtual SAN datastore, and
use the Rebalance command.
For instructions on editing server settings and using the Rebalance command, click the Help button in
View Administrator.
Upgrade from Virtual SAN Disk Format Version 1
After upgrading from VMware vSphere 5.5 Update 1 to vSphere 6.0 or a later release, you must also
upgrade the Virtual SAN disk format.
VMware recommends that you upgrade to vSphere 6.0 or later because the Virtual SAN feature available
with vSphere 6.0 and later releases contains many performance improvements over the feature that was
available with vSphere 5.5 Update 1. With vSphere 6.0 this feature also has broader HCL (hardware
compatibility) support.
Important This procedure describes an upgrade process for Virtual SAN if you currently have desktop
pools on Virtual SAN datastores available with vSphere 5.5 Update 1 or a later update release. If your
desktop pools do not currently use Virtual SAN datastores, see “Upgrade from a Non-Virtual SAN
Datastore to a Virtual SAN Datastore,” on page 57.
Upgrading a VMware Virtual SAN datastore is a multi-phase process that includes upgrading the vSphere
software on each ESXi host, and then upgrading the disk format, one disk group at a time. An entire chapter
of the vSphere 6 document Administering VMware Virtual SAN is devoted to the upgrade process. The steps
in the following procedure outline the order of tasks to do at the ESXi host level, in vCenter Server, and at
the desktop pool level, in View Administrator.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that your desktop pools are using View Agent 6.0 or a later version. If your virtual machines use
View Agent 5.3.x on Virtual SAN datastores, see “Upgrade from Horizon View 5.3.x on a Virtual SAN
Datastore,” on page 60.
n
In vCenter Server, verify that the following privileges are added to the Composer role:
Profile-Driven Storage: All
Folder: Create Folder & Delete Folder
Host: Configuration: Advanced settings
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Chapter 6 Post-Upgrade Tasks to Enable New Features in Your View Setup
n
Familiarize yourself with the Virtual SAN upgrade process. See the chapter about upgrading Virtual
SAN in the Administering VMware Virtual SAN document, available at
https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/virtual-san-pubs.html.
Procedure
1
Upgrade vCenter Server and your ESXi hosts to vSphere 6 or later, as described in the chapter about
upgrading the Virtual SAN cluster in the Administering VMware Virtual SAN document, available in the
vSphere 6.0 documentation center.
At this point, the desktop pool is still using Virtual SAN disk format 1, and the virtual machines and
VMware Tools have not yet been upgraded to vSphere 6.0 virtual hardware version 11.
2
Upgrade the desktop pool to the latest version, as described in “Upgrade View Agent or Horizon
Agent,” on page 48 and “Upgrade View Composer Desktop Pools,” on page 51.
This process includes installing the latest version of Horizon Agent on the parent virtual machine,
virtual machine template, or full-clone virtual machines in the pool. For linked-clone pools, the process
also includes taking a snapshot and recomposing the pool.
The virtual machines in the desktop pool now have View Agent 6.1 or later installed, and the virtual
machines still reside on Virtual SAN datastores available with vSphere 5.5 Update 1. At this point, the
desktop pool is using Virtual SAN disk format 1.
3
Upgrade the Virtual SAN disk format version from version 1 to version 2.
For complete instructions, see the topic "Upgrading the Virtual SAN Disk Format," in the upgrade
chapter of the Administering VMware Virtual SAN document, available at
https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/virtual-san-pubs.html.
You can use the command-line RVC tool for this upgrade, or, if you have vSphere 6 Update 1, you can
use vSphere Web Client. Ruby vSphere Console (RVC) is a Ruby-based command-line console for
VMware ESXi hosts and vCenter Server. RVC is included in both the Windows and Linux versions of
vCenter Server. For detailed information about using the RVC commands, see the RVC Command-line
Reference Guide.
4
After the disks are upgraded for all the ESXi hosts in the cluster, on the parent virtual machine, virtual
machine template, or full-clone virtual machines in the pool, complete the following tasks in the
following order.
a
If the parent virtual machine is on a Virtual SAN datastore, delete all snapshots.
The virtual machine cannot start using the new snapshot format available with Virtual SAN disk
format 2 until all previous redolog-based snapshots are deleted. If the virtual machine is not on a
Virtual SAN datastore, you are not required to delete the snapshots.
b
5
Upgrade the virtual machine hardware to version 11 and upgrade VMware Tools.
For linked-clone pools, take a new snapshot and recompose the desktop pool using the new snapshot.
The desktop pool is now using Virtual SAN disk format 2.
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Upgrade from Horizon View 5.3.x on a Virtual SAN Datastore
Horizon 6.0 introduced some new default storage policies for Virtual SAN. These policies are not
automatically applied to existing virtual machine desktops created on Virtual SAN by View 5.3.x after the
desktop pool is upgraded.
In addition, when you upgrade from View 5.3.x, the Use VMware Virtual SAN pool setting will not
automatically be enabled, even if the pool is on a Virtual SAN datastore. You have the following upgrade
options:
n
If you continue to use VMware vSphere 5.5 Update 1, after upgrading, continue to use the default
storage policies that were used with View 5.3.x. If you choose this option, edit the pool settings so that
Use VMware Virtual SAN is enabled.
n
Use the procedure described in this topic so that the desktop pool uses the new default storage policies.
This procedure involves rebalancing the desktop pool to a non-Virtual SAN datastore and then
upgrading and rebalancing back to the Virtual SAN datastore.
Important The tasks outlined in this procedure describe upgrading from a View 5.3.x desktop pool using
a Virtual SAN datastore on a VMware vSphere 5.5 Update 1 cluster. Upgrading from Virtual SAN datastore
on a VMware vSphere 5.5 or earlier cluster (a Tech Preview feature) is not supported.
Also, because this procedure involves recomposing the desktop pool, any changes that end users have made
to the operating system disk will be lost.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that all virtual machines in the pool are VMware vSphere 5.5 Update 1 or later virtual machines.
VMware recommends that you upgrade to VMware vSphere 6.0 or later because the Virtual SAN
feature available with vSphere 6.0 and later releases contains many performance improvements over
the feature that was available with vSphere 5.5 Update 1. With vSphere 6.0 this feature also has broader
HCL (hardware compatibility) support.
For information about upgrades, see Chapter 4, “Upgrade ESXi Hosts and Their Virtual Machines,” on
page 45 and see the VMware vSphere Upgrade Guide. For information about Virtual SAN requirements
and upgrades, see the Administering VMware Virtual SAN document.
n
In vCenter Server, verify that the following privileges are added to the Composer role:
Profile-Driven Storage: All
Folder: Create Folder & Delete Folder
Host: Configuration: Advanced settings
Procedure
1
Edit the pool settings of the desktop pool to change the datastore from a Virtual SAN datastore to a
non-Virtual SAN datastore, and use the Rebalance command.
For instructions on editing server settings and using the Rebalance command, click the Help button in
View Administrator.
2
Upgrade the desktop pool to the latest version, as described in “Upgrade View Composer Desktop
Pools,” on page 51.
This process includes installing the latest version of Horizon Agent on the parent virtual machine and
taking a snapshot.
3
Recompose the pool on the non-Virtual SAN datastore using the snapshot of the parent virtual machine
you just created.
For instructions on recomposing pools, click the Help button in View Administrator.
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Chapter 6 Post-Upgrade Tasks to Enable New Features in Your View Setup
4
Edit the pool settings of the newly upgraded desktop pool to change the datastore from a non-Virtual
SAN datastore to a Virtual SAN datastore, and use the Rebalance command.
What to do next
If you upgraded your virtual machines to VMware vSphere 6.0, to upgrade to using Virtual SAN 2 rather
than Virtual SAN 1, see “Upgrade from Virtual SAN Disk Format Version 1,” on page 58.
Configure the VMware Horizon Web Portal Page for End Users
You can configure this Web page to show or hide the icon for downloading Horizon Client or the icon for
connecting to a remote desktop through HTML Access. You can also configure other links on this page.
By default, the web portal page shows both an icon for downloading and installing the native
Horizon Client, and an icon for connecting through HTML Access. The download link used is determined
from the default values defined in the portal-links-html-access.properties file.
In some cases, however, you might want to have the links to point to an internal Web server, or you might
want to make specific client versions available on your own server. You can reconfigure the portal page to
point to a different download URL by modifying the contents of the portal-links-html-access.properties
file. If that file is unavailable or is empty, and the oslinks.properties file exists, the oslinks.properties file
is used to determine the link value for the installer file.
The oslinks.properties file is installed in the installation-directory\VMware\VMware
View\Server\broker\webapps\portal\WEB-INF folder. If this file is missing during the HTML Access session,
the download link will direct users to https://www.vmware.com/go/viewclients by default. The file contains
the following default values:
link.download=https://www.vmware.com/go/viewclients
# download Links for particular platforms
link.win32=https://www.vmware.com/go/viewclients#win32
link.win64=https://www.vmware.com/go/viewclients#win64
link.linux32=https://www.vmware.com/go/viewclients#linux32
link.linux64=https://www.vmware.com/go/viewclients#linux64
link.mac=https://www.vmware.com/go/viewclients#mac
link.ios=https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/vmware-view-for-ipad/id417993697
link.android=https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.vmware.view.client.android
link.chromeos=https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/vmware-horizonclient/
pckbpdplfajmgaipljfamclkinbjdnma
link.winmobile=https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/store/p/vmware-horizon-client/9nblggh51p19
You can make installer links for specific client operating systems in either the portal-links-htmlaccess.properties or oslinks.properties file. For example, if you browse to the portal page from a Mac OS X
system, the link for the native Mac OS X installer appears. For Windows or Linux clients, you can make
separate links for 32-bit and 64-bit installers.
Important If you upgraded from View Connection Server 5.x or an earlier release and did not have the
HTML Access component installed, and if you previously edited the portal page to point to your own server
for downloading Horizon Client, those customizations might be hidden after you install View Connection
Server 6.0 or later. With Horizon 6 or later, the HTML Access component is automatically installed during
an upgrade of View Connection Server.
If you already installed the HTML Access component separately for View 5.x, any customizations you made
to the Web page are preserved. If you did not have the HTML Access component installed, any
customizations you had made are hidden. The customizations for earlier releases reside in the portallinks.properties file, which is no longer used.
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Procedure
1
On the View Connection Server host, open the portal-links-html-access.properties file with a text
editor.
The location of this file is CommonAppDataFolder\VMware\VDM\portal\portal-links-htmlaccess.properties. For Windows Server 2008 operating systems, the CommonAppDataFolder directory is
C:\ProgramData. To display the C:\ProgramData folder in Windows Explorer, you must use the Folder
Options dialog box to show hidden folders.
If the portal-links-html-access.properties file does not exist and the oslinks.properties file does,
open the <installation-directory>\VMware\VMware View\Server\broker\webapps\portal\WEBINF\oslinks.properties file to modify the URLs to use for downloading specific installer files.
Note Customizations for View 5.x and earlier releases resided in the portal-links.properties file,
which is located in the same CommonAppDataFolder\VMware\VDM\portal\ directory as the portal-linkshtml-access.properties file.
2
Edit the configuration properties to set them appropriately.
By default, both the installer icon and the HTML Access icon are enabled and a link points to the client
download page on the VMware Web site. To disable an icon, which removes the icon from the Web
page, set the property to false.
Note The oslinks.properties file can only be used to configure the links to the specific installer files.
It does not support the other options listed below.
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Option
Property Setting
Disable HTML Access
enable.webclient=false
If this option is set to false but the enable.download option is set to true,
the user is taken to a Web page for downloading the native Horizon Client
installer. If both options are set to false, the user sees the following
message: "Contact your local administrator for instructions
on accessing this Connection Server."
Disable downloading Horizon Client
enable.download=false
If this option is set to false but the enable.webclient option is set to true,
the user is taken to the HTML Access login Web page. If both options are
set to false, the user sees the following message: "Contact your local
administrator for instructions on accessing this Connection
Server."
Change the URL of the Web page
for downloading Horizon Client
link.download=https://url-of-web-server
Use this property if you plan to create your own Web page.
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Chapter 6 Post-Upgrade Tasks to Enable New Features in Your View Setup
Option
Property Setting
Create links for specific installers
The following examples show full URLs, but you can use relative URLs if
you place the installer files in the downloads directory, which is under the
C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware View\Server\broker\webapps\
directory on View Connection Server, as described in the next step.
n General link to download installer:
n
link.download=https://server/downloads
32-bit Windows installer:
n
link.win32=https://server/downloads/VMware-HorizonClient-x86-build#.exe
64-bit Windows installer:
n
link.win64=https://server/downloads/VMware-HorizonClient-x86_64-build#.exe
Windows Phone installer:
n
link.winmobile=https://server/downloads/VMware-HorizonClient-build#.appx
32-bit Linux installer:
n
link.linux32=https://server/downloads/VMware-HorizonClient-build#.x86.bundle
64-bit Linux installer:
n
link.linux64=https://server/downloads/VMware-HorizonClient-build#.x64.bundle
Mac OS X installer:
n
link.mac=https://server/downloads/VMware-Horizon-Clientbuild#.dmg
iOS installer:
n
link.ios=https://server/downloads/VMware-Horizon-ClientiPhoneOS-build#.ipa
Android installer:
n
link.android=https://server/downloads/VMware-HorizonClient-AndroidOS-build#.apk
Chrome OS installer:
link.chromeos=https://server/downloads/VMware-HorizonClient-ChromeOS-build#.apk
Change the URL for the Help link in
the login page
3
link.help
By default, this link points to a help system hosted on the VMware Web
site. The Help link appears at the bottom of the login page.
To have users download installers from a location other than the VMware Web site, place the installer
files on the HTTP server where the installer files will reside.
This location must correspond to the URLs you specified in the portal-links-html-access.properties
file or the oslinks.properties file from the previous step. For example, to place the files in a downloads
directory on the View Connection Server host, use the following path:
C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware View\Server\broker\webapps\downloads
The links to the installer files could then use relative URLs with the format /downloads/client-
installer-file-name.
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Restart the View Web Component service.
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Applying View Patches
7
Patch releases can include installer files for the following View components: View Composer, View
Connection Server, Horizon Agent, and various clients. The patch components that you must apply depend
on the bug fixes that your View deployment requires.
Depending on which bug fixes you require, install the applicable View components, in the following order:
1
View Composer
2
View Connection Server
3
Horizon Agent
4
Horizon Client
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Apply a Patch for View Composer,” on page 65
n
“Apply a Patch for View Connection Server,” on page 66
n
“Apply a Patch for View Agent or Horizon Agent,” on page 67
n
“Apply a Patch for Horizon Client,” on page 68
Apply a Patch for View Composer
Applying a patch involves downloading and running the installer for the patch version. Not all patch
releases include patches for View Composer.
Prerequisites
n
Determine when to perform this procedure. Choose an available desktop maintenance window. Budget
15 minutes to half an hour for installing the patch version.
n
Verify that you have a domain user account with administrative privileges on the hosts that you will
use to run the patch installer.
n
If View Composer is installed in a virtual machine, take a snapshot of the virtual machine.
For instructions on taking snapshots, see the vSphere Client online help.
n
Back up the vCenter Server database and the View Composer database.
For instructions on performing a database backup, see the documentation from your database vendor.
n
For all linked-clone desktop pools, disable provisioning of new virtual machines.
n
If any desktop pools are scheduled to do a refresh or recompose operation, cancel these tasks.
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Procedure
1
On the virtual machine that hosts View Composer, download the installer file for the patch version of
View Composer.
Your contact at VMware will provide instructions for this download.
2
Run the installer that you downloaded for the patch release of View Composer.
Note With Horizon 6 version 6.2 and later releases, you are no longer required to uninstall the
previous version before installing the patch.
3
Verify that the VMware Horizon View Composer service restarts after the installer wizard closes.
4
If applicable, apply the patch for Horizon Agent on a parent virtual machine and create a desktop pool
for testing purposes.
a
Download and run the Horizon Agent patch installer on a parent virtual machine.
Your contact at VMware will provide instructions for this download.
b
Create a small linked-clone desktop pool from this virtual machine.
c
Test a virtual desktop from the desktop pool to verify that all the usage scenarios function properly.
For example, create a desktop pool that contains one virtual desktop, and verify that you can use
Horizon Client to log in to that desktop.
Step-by-step instructions for running the Horizon Agent installer and creating desktop pools
appear in Setting Up Virtual Desktops in Horizon 7, available by clicking the Help button in Horizon
Administrator.
d
Verify that virtual desktops from the test desktop pool work as expected.
What to do next
Apply the patch to View Connection Server, if applicable.
Apply a Patch for View Connection Server
Applying a patch involves downloading and running the installer for the patch version.
Prerequisites
n
Determine when to perform this procedure. Choose an available desktop maintenance window. The
amount of time required depends on the number of View Connection Server instances in the group.
Budget 15 minutes to half an hour for each instance.
n
Verify that you have a domain user account with administrative privileges on the hosts that you will
use to run the patch installer.
Procedure
1
If View Connection Server is installed in a virtual machine, take a snapshot of the virtual machine.
For instructions on taking snapshots, see the vSphere Client online help.
2
On one of the View Connection Server instances in a replicated group, download the installer file for
the patch version of View Connection Server.
Your contact at VMware will provide instructions for this download.
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Chapter 7 Applying View Patches
3
Run the installer that you downloaded for the patch release of View Connection Server.
For information about running the installer, see the View Installation document.
Note With Horizon 6 version 6.2 and later releases, you are no longer required to uninstall the
previous version before installing the patch.
4
Follow the installation wizard prompts and click OK when asked to continue the installation with the
existing ADAM instance.
5
Verify that the VMware Horizon View Connection Server service restarts after the installer wizard
closes.
6
Repeat the previous steps for the other View Connection Server instances in the replicated group.
7
Repeat this process for View security servers.
What to do next
If applying the patch fails on one or more of the View Connection Server instances, see “Create a Replicated
Group After Reverting View Connection Server to a Snapshot,” on page 37.
Apply the patch to View Agent, if applicable.
Apply a Patch for View Agent or Horizon Agent
Applying a patch involves downloading and running the installer for the patch version.
The following steps need to be performed on the parent virtual machine, for linked-clone desktop pools, or
on each virtual machine desktop in a full-clone pool, or on individual desktop virtual machines for pools
that contain only one virtual machine desktop.
Prerequisites
Verify that you have a domain user account with administrative privileges on the hosts that you will use to
run the patch installer.
Procedure
1
On all parent virtual machines, virtual machines used for full-clone templates, full clones in a pool, and
manually added individual virtual machines, download the installer file for the patch version of View
Agent (for Horizon 6) or Horizon Agent (for Horizon 7).
Your contact at VMware will provide instructions for this download.
2
Run the installer that you downloaded for the patch release of View Agent or Horizon Agent.
For information about running the agent installer, see the Setting Up Virtual Desktops in Horizon 7
document.
Note In Horizon 6 version 6.2 and later releases, you do not need to uninstall the previous version
before you install the patch.
3
If you disabled provisioning of new virtual machines in preparation for applying a patch to View
Composer, enable provisioning again.
4
For parent virtual machines that will be used to create linked-clone desktop pools, take a snapshot of
the virtual machine.
For information about taking snapshots, see the vSphere Client online help.
5
For linked-clone desktop pools, use the snapshot you created to recompose the desktop pools.
6
Verify that you can log in to the patched desktop pools with Horizon Client.
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7
If you canceled any refresh or recompose operations for any linked-clone desktop pools, schedule the
tasks again.
Apply a Patch for Horizon Client
On desktop client devices, applying a patch involves downloading and running the installer for the patch
version. On mobile clients, applying a patch involves simply installing the update from the Web site that
sells apps, such as Google Play, Windows Store, or the Apple App Store.
Procedure
1
On each client system, download the installer file for the patch version of Horizon Client.
Your contact at VMware will provide instructions for this download. Or you can go to the client
download page at http://www.vmware.com/go/viewclients. As mentioned previously, for some clients,
you might get the patch release from an app store.
2
If the client device is a Mac or Linux desktop or laptop, remove the current version of the client
software from your device.
Use the customary device-specific method for removing applications.
Note With Horizon Client 3.5 for Windows and later releases, you do not need to uninstall the
previous version before you install the patch on Windows clients. With Horizon Client 4.1 for Windows
and later releases, you can enable the Upgrade Horizon Client Online feature to upgrade
Horizon Client online on Windows clients. For information, see the Using VMware Horizon Client
document for Windows. With Horizon Client for Mac 4.4 and later, you can enable the Upgrade
Horizon Client Online feature to upgrade Horizon Client online on Mac clients.
3
If applicable, run the installer that you downloaded for the patch release of the Horizon Client.
If you got the patch from the Apple App Store or Google Play, the app is usually installed when you
download it, and you do not need to run an installer.
4
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Verify that you can log in to the patched desktop pools with the newly patched Horizon Client.
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Upgrading vSphere Components
Separately in a View Environment
8
If you upgrade vSphere components separately from View components, you must back up some View data
and reinstall some View software.
Instead of performing an integrated upgrade of View and vSphere components, you can choose to first
upgrade all View components and then upgrade vSphere components, or the reverse. You might also
upgrade only vSphere components when a new version or update of vSphere is released.
When you upgrade vSphere components separately from View components, you must perform the
following additional tasks:
1
Before you upgrade vCenter Server, back up the vCenter Server database and the View Composer
database.
2
Before you upgrade vCenter Server, back up the View LDAP database from a View Connection Server
instance by using the vdmexport.exe utility.
For instructions, see the View Administration document. If you have multiple instances of
View Connection Server in a replicated group, you need to export the data from only one instance.
3
If you use View Composer, after you upgrade all ESXi hosts that are managed by a particular
vCenter Server instance, restart the View Composer service on that host.
4
After you upgrade VMware Tools in virtual machines that are used as remote desktops, reinstall
Horizon Agent.
Reinstalling Horizon Agent guarantees that the drivers in the virtual machine remain compatible with
the other View components.
Step-by-step instructions for running the Horizon Agent installer appear in the Setting Up Virtual
Desktops in Horizon 7 document.
VMware, Inc.
69
View Upgrades
70
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Index
A
ADM template files, View components 44
ASP.NET IIS registration tool, RSA key
container 30
B
backward compatibility 11
blade PCs 48
C
certificates, accept the thumbprint 43
cloud pod architecture 41
cluster upgrades 45
compatibility matrix for View components 11
D
database backups 20
database compatibility 20
database upgrade
sviconfig does not succeed 26
View Composer sviconfig 24
databaseupgrade, result codes 25
desktop pool management, upgrading pools 51
desktop pool upgrade, full clone and linked-clone
pools 48
Digest Authentication 23
E
enhanced message security mode 55
ESXi host upgrade procedure 45
F
firmware upgrades for thin clients 47, 52
forward compatibility 11
G
GPO templates 32
group policies, View components 44
H
hardware requirements
Horizon Connection Server 15
View Composer, standalone 13
Horizon Client
applying patches for 68
upgrade 47, 52
VMware, Inc.
Horizon Agent
installation requirements 17
upgrade procedure 48, 69
Horizon Client upgrade 47
Horizon Connection Server, hardware
requirements 15
Horizon Connection Server installation
requirements overview 15
supported operating systems 15
HTML Access 41
HTML Access page 61
L
LDAP 31
LDAP upgrade 32
license requirements 14, 16
linked-clone desktop management, upgrade
procedure 48
load balancers 31
M
maintenance window 19
Microsoft RDS host 47
Microsoft SQL Server databases 13
migrating
View Composer with an existing database 27
View Composer without linked clones 29
View Composer to another machine 26
N
NET Framework, migrating RSA key
container 30
nonpersistent desktop pools 51
O
Oracle databases 13
P
patch releases 19, 65
persistent desktop pools 51
physical PCs 48
port, changing for View Composer during
upgrade 21
71
View Upgrades
R
result codes, databaseupgrade operation 25
RSA key container
migrating to View Composer 30
using NET Framework 30
S
security servers
operating system requirements 15
upgrading 32, 38
services
VMware Horizon View Connection Server 32,
38
VMwareVDMDS 32, 38
space reclamation feature 56
space-efficient disk format 56
SQL Server databases 13
SSL, accept a certificate thumbprint 43
SSL certificate backups 20
sviconfig utility 24, 25
system requirements for upgrades 11
T
Technical Support, VMware 5
Terminal Services host 47
thin clients 47, 52
thumbprint, accept for a default certificate 43
TLSv1.0 22, 35
U
upgrade check list 7
upgrade preparation
vCenter Server 20
View Composer 20
View Connection Server 31
utilities
sviconfig 24, 25
vdmadmin.exe 36
vdmexport.exe 31, 32
V
vCenter Server upgrade, upgrade preparation
tasks 20, 69
vCenter Server upgrade procedure 42
vdmadmin.exe utility 36
vdmexport.exe utility 31, 32
View Composer maintenance
guidelines for migrating 27
migrating an RSA key container 30
migrating View Composer to another
machine 26
migrating with the existing database 27
View Agent, applying patches for 67
72
View Composer
applying patches for 65
hardware requirements for standalone View
Composer 13
sviconfig database upgrade 24
upgrade requirements 14
vSphere mode 45
View Composer database, requirements 13
View Composer installation, requirements
overview 12
View Composer upgrade
compatibility with vCenter Server versions 12
database upgrade does not complete 26
operating system requirements 12
port change 21
requirements overview 12
sviconfig database upgrade 24
upgrade procedure 21, 42
upgrade preparation tasks 20
View Connection Server
applying patches for 66
migrating to a new machine 36
revert to a snapshot 37
upgrade procedure 32
upgrade requirements 16
upgrade preparation tasks 31
View LDAP 31
View LDAP upgrade 32
virtual machines, upgrading 45
virtual hardware upgrade procedure 45
Virtual SAN 57, 58, 60
VirtualCenter upgrade procedure 21
VMotion 45
VMware Tools, upgrade procedure 45, 69
VMwareVDMDS service 32, 38
vSphere, upgrading components separately 69
vSphere mode for View Composer 45
vSphere Update Manager 45
W
Web Portal 61
VMware, Inc.