IEEE 802.11b/g/n
Wireless Outdoor CPE
User’s Manual
V3.0.4 May 2011
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 all rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, adapted, stored in
a retrieval system, translated into any language, or transmitted in any form or by any means without
the written permission of the supplier.
About This Manual
This user manual is intended to guide professional installer to install the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless
CPE and how to build the infrastructure centered on it. It includes procedures to assist you in avoiding
unforeseen problems.
Conventions
For your attention on important parts, special characters and patterns are used in this manual:
Note:
This indicates an important note that you must pay attention to.
Warning:
This indicates a warning or caution that you have to abide.
Bold: Indicates the function, important words, and so on.
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates uses and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
-
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
-
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
-
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
-
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment.
To avoid the possibility of exceeding radio frequency exposure limits, you shall beep a distance of at
least 100cm between you and the antenna of the installed equipment.
This transmitter must not be
co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
The availability of some specific channels and/or operational frequency bands are country
dependent and are firmware programmed at the factory to match the intended destination. The
firmware setting is not accessible by the end user.
Warranty
Hardware warranty is for five (5) years from date of shipment from Distributor warrants that hardware
will conform to the current relevant published specifications and will be free from material defects in
material and workmanship under normal use and service.
IN NO EVENT SHALL DISTRIBUTOR BE LIABLE TO YOU OR ANY OTHER PARTY FOR ANY
DIRECT, INDIRECT, GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, EXEMPLARY OR
OTHER DAMAGE RISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT (INCLUDING,
WITHOUT
LIMITATION,
DAMAGES
FOR
LOSS
OF
BUSINESS
PROFITS,
BUSINESS
INTERRUPTION, LOSS OF BUSINESS INFORMATION OR ANY OTHER PECUNIARY LOSS, OR
FROM ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY, EVEN IF DISTRIBUTOR HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
FOR THE PRODUCT.
IN NO CASE SHALL EXCEED THE AMOUNT YOU PAID
Content
Chapter 1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 1
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 1
Appearance ........................................................................................................................................ 2
Key Features ...................................................................................................................................... 2
Typical Application .............................................................................................................................. 3
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation ......................................................................................................... 4
Preparation before Installation............................................................................................................ 4
Professional Installation Required .................................................................................................. 4
Safety Precautions .......................................................................................................................... 4
Installation Precautions ................................................................................................................... 5
Product Package............................................................................................................................. 5
Hardware Installation .......................................................................................................................... 6
Pole Mounting ................................................................................................................................. 6
Wall Mounting ................................................................................................................................. 6
Chapter 3 Basic Settings ..................................................................................................................... 7
Factory Default Settings ..................................................................................................................... 7
System Requirements ........................................................................................................................ 8
How to Login the Web-based Interface .............................................................................................. 8
Basic System Settings ...................................................................................................................... 10
Time Settings .................................................................................................................................... 13
RADIUS Settings .............................................................................................................................. 14
Firewall Settings ............................................................................................................................... 15
Basic Wireless Settings .................................................................................................................... 18
Site Survey ....................................................................................................................................... 21
VAP Profile Settings.......................................................................................................................... 22
VLAN Tab.......................................................................................................................................... 23
Chapter 4 Advanced Settings ........................................................................................................... 25
Advanced Wireless Settings ............................................................................................................. 25
Wireless Security Settings ................................................................................................................ 27
Data Encryption and Authentication Settings................................................................................ 27
Access Control .............................................................................................................................. 30
WDS Settings ................................................................................................................................ 31
Chapter 5 Management...................................................................................................................... 32
Remote Management ....................................................................................................................... 32
SNMP Management ......................................................................................................................... 32
Configure SNMPv3 User Profile ................................................................................................... 34
Upgrade Firmware ............................................................................................................................ 35
Backup/ Retrieve Settings ................................................................................................................ 35
Restore Factory Default Settings ..................................................................................................... 36
Reboot .............................................................................................................................................. 37
Password .......................................................................................................................................... 38
Chapter 6 Monitoring Tools............................................................................................................... 39
System Log ....................................................................................................................................... 39
Site Survey ....................................................................................................................................... 40
Ping Watch Dog ................................................................................................................................ 40
Date Rate Test .................................................................................................................................. 41
Antenna Alignment ........................................................................................................................... 42
Speed Test ........................................................................................................................................ 42
Chapter 7 Status ................................................................................................................................. 44
View Basic Information ..................................................................................................................... 44
View Association List ........................................................................................................................ 44
View Network Flow Statistics ............................................................................................................ 45
View ARP Table ................................................................................................................................ 46
View Bridge Table ............................................................................................................................. 47
View Active DHCP Client Table ........................................................................................................ 47
View Network Activities ..................................................................................................................... 48
Chapter 8 Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................... 49
Appendix A. ASCII .............................................................................................................................. 51
Appendix B. SSH Settings................................................................................................................. 52
Appendix C. GPL Declamation ......................................................................................................... 60
FIGURES
Figure 1 IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE .............................................................................................. 2
Figure 2 Typical Application ................................................................................................................... 3
Figure 3 Pole Mounting .......................................................................................................................... 6
Figure 4 Wall Mounting .......................................................................................................................... 6
Figure 5 Login Page ............................................................................................................................... 8
Figure 6 Main Page ................................................................................................................................ 9
Figure 7 Basic System Settings ........................................................................................................... 10
Figure 8 TCP/IP Settings (Bridge)......................................................................................................... 11
Figure 9 TCP/IP Settings (Router) ....................................................................................................... 12
Figure 10 Time Settings ....................................................................................................................... 13
Figure 11 RADIUS Settings .................................................................................................................. 14
Figure 12 Source IP Filtering ............................................................................................................... 15
Figure 13 Destination IP Filtering ......................................................................................................... 16
Figure 14 Source Port Filtering ............................................................................................................ 16
Figure 15 Destination Port Filtering ..................................................................................................... 17
Figure 16 Port Forwarding ................................................................................................................... 17
Figure 17 DMZ ..................................................................................................................................... 18
Figure 18 Basic Wireless Settings ....................................................................................................... 18
Figure 19 Site Survey........................................................................................................................... 21
Figure 20 VAP Profile Settings ............................................................................................................. 22
Figure 21 VAP Profile Settings ............................................................................................................. 22
Figure 22 Management VLAN ID ......................................................................................................... 24
Figure 23 Advanced Wireless Settings ................................................................................................ 25
Figure 24 Security Settings .................................................................................................................. 28
Figure 25 Access Control ..................................................................................................................... 30
Figure 26 WDS Settings ....................................................................................................................... 31
Figure 27 Remote Settings .................................................................................................................. 32
Figure 28 SNMP Configuration ............................................................................................................ 33
Figure 29 Configure SNMPv3 User Profile .......................................................................................... 34
Figure 30 Upgrade Firmware ............................................................................................................... 35
Figure 31 Backup/Retrieve Settings .................................................................................................... 36
Figure 32 Restore Settings .................................................................................................................. 37
Figure 33 Reboot ................................................................................................................................. 37
Figure 34 Password ............................................................................................................................. 38
Figure 35 System Log .......................................................................................................................... 39
Figure 36 Site Survey........................................................................................................................... 40
Figure 37 Ping Watchdog ..................................................................................................................... 40
Figure 38 Data Rate Test ..................................................................................................................... 41
Figure 39 Antenna Alignment ............................................................................................................... 42
Figure 40 Speed Test ........................................................................................................................... 43
Figure 41 Basic Information ................................................................................................................. 44
Figure 42 Connection ........................................................................................................................... 45
Figure 43 Network Flow Statistics ........................................................................................................ 46
Figure 44 ARP Table ............................................................................................................................ 46
Figure 45 Bridge Table ......................................................................................................................... 47
Figure 46 DHCP Client Table ............................................................................................................... 47
Figure 47 Network Activities ................................................................................................................. 48
TABLE
Table 1 IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE Factory Default Settings ........................................................ 7
Table 2 ACSII ....................................................................................................................................... 51
Table 3 CLI Commands........................................................................................................................ 52
Table 4 Public Software Name and Description ................................................................................... 61
Chapter 1 Introduction
Introduction
Designed for outdoor environment application, the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE is a
high-performance last-mile broadband solution that provides reliable wireless network coverage. As an
IEEE 802.11b/g compliant wireless device, the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE is able to give stable
and efficient wireless performance, while designed with IEEE 802.11n draft 2.0 standard and high
output power makes it possible to deliver several times faster data rate than normal wireless device
and higher bandwidth with longer range for outdoor applications.
The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE supports four wireless communication connectivity (AP, Wireless
Client, Bridge and AP Repeater), allowing for various application requirements thus helping to find the
key to the “last mile” with least effort.
With high output power and reliable performance, the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE is an ideal
wireless broadband solution for wireless Internet service providers and system integrators!
Chapter 1 Introduction
Page 1
Appearance
Figure 1 IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE
Key Features
Compliant with IEEE 802.11b/g/n
Power-over-Ethernet (PoE) IEEE 802.3af Compliant
IP67 housing endures almost any harsh environments
Four operating modes including AP, Wireless Client, WDS and AP Repeater
Support 64/128/152-bit WEP and 802.1X, WPA, WPA2, WPA&WPA2,WPA-PSK, WPA2-PSK, and
WPA-PSK&WPA2-PSK etc
User-friendly Web and SNMP-based management interface
Chapter 1 Introduction
Page 2
Typical Application
This section describes the typical applications of IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE. By default, it is set
to AP mode which allows it to establish a wireless coverage; besides, it is also able to join any
available wireless network under wireless client mode. The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE is able to
deliver stable and efficient broadband connectivity for various applications.
Figure 2 Typical Application
Besides, the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE can also be applied into the following environments:
Cost-effectively provide long distance backhaul for remote areas (e.g. village, oil well, island,
mountain and etc.)
Establish local backhaul for campus, farm and factory
Provide and access for video streaming or surveillance for industrial and mining enterprises
Chapter 1 Introduction
Page 3
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
This chapter describes safety precautions and product information you have to know and check before
installing IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE.
Preparation before Installation
Professional Installation Required
Please seek assistance from a professional installer who is well trained in the RF installation and
knowledgeable in the local regulations.
Safety Precautions
1.
To keep you safe and install the hardware properly, please read and follow these safety
precautions.
2.
If you are installing IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE for the first time, for your safety as well as
others’, please seek assistance from a professional installer who has received safety training on
the hazards involved.
3.
Keep safety as well as performance in mind when selecting your installation site, especially
where there are electric power and phone lines.
4.
5.
When installing IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE, please note the following things:
♦
Do not use a metal ladder;
♦
Do not work on a wet or windy day;
♦
Wear shoes with rubber soles and heels, rubber gloves, long sleeved shirt or jacket.
When the system is operational, avoid standing directly in front of it. Strong RF fields are present
when the transmitter is on.
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
Page 4
Installation Precautions
To keep the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE well while you are installing it, please read and follow
these installation precautions.
1.
Users MUST use a proper and well-installed grounding and surge arrestor with the IEEE
802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE; otherwise, a random lightening could easily cause fatal damage to
IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE.
EMD (Lightning) DAMAGE IS NOT COVERED UNDER
WARRANTY.
2.
Users MUST power the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE from an IEEE 802.3af switch or
compatible injector.
Use of non IEEE 802.3af compatible power source may cause damage to
the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE .
3.
Before powering on the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE, please verify that the external antenna
is properly installed or damage may be caused to the unit.
(APX-3100 Note: Though Internal Antenna is Selectable in the WEB Management, the APX-3100
only supports external antenna capabilities.)
Product Package
The product package you have received should contain the following items. If any of them are not
included or damaged, please contact your local vendor for support.
APX-3100
x1
User Manual CD
x1
Mounting kits
x1
Note:
Product CD contains Quick Installation Guide and User Manual.
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
Page 5
Hardware Installation
Pole Mounting
Figure 3 Pole Mounting
Wall Mounting
Figure 4 Wall Mounting
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 6
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Factory Default Settings
We’ll elaborate the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE factory default settings. You can re-acquire these
parameters by default. If necessary, please refer to the “Restore Factory Default Settings”.
Table 1 IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE Factory Default Settings
Features
Factory Default Settings
Username
admin
Password
password
Wireless Device Name
apXXXXXX (X represents the last 6
digits of Ethernet MAC address)
Operating Mode
AP
Data Rate
Auto
LAN
IP Address
192.168.1.1
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
Gateway
0.0.0.0
Primary DNS Server
0.0.0.0
Secondary DNS Server
0.0.0.0
Spanning Tree
Enable
802.11 Mode
802.11b/g/n
Channel Number
6
SSID
Wireless
Broadcast SSID
Enable
HT Protect
Disable
Data Rate
Auto
Output Power
Full
Channel Mode
20MHz
WMM
Enabled
RTS Threshold (byte)
2346
Fragmentation Length (byte)
2346
Beacon Interval
100
DTIM Interval
1
Space in Meter
0
Flow Control by AP
Disable
Security
Open System
Encryption
None
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
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Wireless Separation
Disable
Access Control
Disable
SNMP
Enable/Disable
Enable
Read Community Name
Public
Write Community Name
Private
IP Address
0.0.0.0
System Requirements
Before configuration, please make sure your system meets the following requirements:
A computer coupled with 10/ 100 Base-TX adapter;
Configure the computer with a static IP address of 192.168.1.x, as the default IP address of IEEE
802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE is 192.168.1.1. (X cannot be 0, 1, nor 255);
A Web browser on PC for configuration such as Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 or above,
Netscape, Firefox or Google Chrome.
How to Login the Web-based Interface
The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE provides you with user-friendly Web-based management tool.
Open Web browser and enter the IP address (Default: 192.168.1.1) of IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless
CPE into the address field. You will see the login page as below.
Figure 5 Login Page
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 8
Enter the username (Default: admin) and password (Default: password) respectively and click
“Login” to login the main page of IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE. As you can see, this
management interface provides five main options in the black bar above, which are Status,
System, Wireless, Management and Tools.
Figure 6 Main Page
Note:
The username and password are case-sensitive, and the password should be no
more than 19 characters!
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 9
Basic System Settings
For users who use the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE for the first time, it is recommended that you
begin configuration from “Basic Settings” in “System” shown below:
Figure 7 Basic System Settings
Basic Settings
Device Name: Specify the device name, which is composed of no more than 15 characters with
(0-9), (A-Z), (a-z) or (-).
Network Mode: Specify the network mode, including Bridge and Router. It is easy to configure
parameters in Bridge Mode; however, users must pay extra attention to the way they configure the
device when it is set to Router Mode. For details, please refer to TCP/IP Settings”.
Ethernet Data Rate: Specify the transmission rate of data for Ethernet.
Default is Auto.
Country Region: The availability of some specific channels and/or operational frequency bands
is country dependent.
Spanning Tree: Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is a link management protocol for AP which
provides path redundancy while preventing loops in a network. STP allows only one active path
at a time between the access points but establish the redundant link as a backup if the initial link
fails.
STP Forward Delay: STP Forward Delay is the time spent in detecting and learning network tree
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
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topology state before entering the forward state. Default time value is 1 sec.
GPS Coordinate Settings
The GPS Coordinate Setting helps you mark the latitude and longitude of the Power R2 Extender.
Just enter the coordinates and click the Apply button.
TCP/IP Settings
Open “TCP/IP Settings” in “System” as below to configure the parameters for LAN which
connects to the LAN port of the CPE. In this page, users may change the settings for IP Address,
Subnet Mask, and DHCP Server.
Figure 8 TCP/IP Settings (Bridge)
Obtain IP Address Automatically: If a DHCP server exists in your network, you can check this
option, thus the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless Outdoor CPE is able to obtain IP settings
automatically from that DHCP server.
Note:
When the IP address of the CPE is changed, the clients on the network often need to
wait for a while or even reboot before they can access the new IP address. For an
immediate access to the bridge, please flush the netbios cache on the client computer by
running the “nbtstat –r” command before using the device name of the CPE to access its
Web Management page.
In case the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless Outdoor CPE is unable to obtain an IP address
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 11
from a valid DHCP server, it will fall back to default static IP address.
Use Fixed IP Address: Check this option. You have to specify a static IP address, subnet mask,
default gateway and DNS server for the CPE manually. Make sure the specified IP address is
unique on your network in order to prevent IP conflict.
If the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless Outdoor CPE is configured as Router mode, you need to
configure some additional TCP/IP parameters for accessing the Internet.
Figure 9 TCP/IP Settings (Router)
WAN Settings: Specify the Internet access method to Static IP, DHCP or PPPOE. Users must
enter WAN IP Address, Subnet Mask, Gateway settings provided by your ISPs.
LAN Settings: When DHCP Server is disabled, users can specify IP address and subnet mask
for the CPE manually. Make sure the specified IP address is unique on your network in order to
prevent IP conflict. When DHCP Server is enabled, users may specify DHCP IP Address Range,
DHCP Subnet Mask, DHCP Gateway and Lease Time (15-44640 minutes).
A DHCP relay
agents is used to forward DHCP requests and replies between clients and servers when they are
not on the same physical subnet.
To enable the DHCP relay agent, check the “Enable DHCP
Relay” checkbox and enter the IP address of the DHCP server.
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 12
Warning:
In AP mode, the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless Outdoor CPE must establish connection
with another wireless device before it is set to Router mode. To access the unit in
Router mode via wired port, please type the WAN IP address to enter the web page for
WAN is on wired port and LAN is on wireless port. Or, you can access device through
the wireless device connected with the CPE.
In wireless client mode, users can access the CPE via its wired port, for WAN is on
wireless port and LAN is on wired port when device is set to Router mode.
Bridge mode and AP Repeater mode are similar to AP mode when device is set to
Router mode; WAN is on wired port and LAN is on wireless port. Thus users must also
connect the CPE with another wireless device before it is set to Router mode and
access the CPE via the connected wireless device.
Time Settings
Compliant with NTP, the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless Outdoor CPE is capable of keeping its time in
complete accord with the Internet time. Make configuration in “Time Settings” from “System”. To use
this feature, check “Enable NTP Client Update” in advance.
Figure 10 Time Settings
Current Time
Display the present time in Yr, Mon, Day, Hr, Min and Sec.
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 13
Time Zone Select
Select the time zone from the dropdown list.
NTP Server
Select the time server from the “NTP Server” dropdown list or manually input the IP address of
available time server into “Manual IP”.
Hit “Apply” to save settings.
RADIUS Settings
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) is a server for remote user authentication and
accounting; playing a central role in the network in providing the capabilities of authenticating,
authorizing, accounting, auditing, alarming and etc. It allows an organization to maintain user profiles
in a central database that all remote servers can share.
Open “RADIUS Settings” in “System” to make RADIUS configuration.
Figure 11 RADIUS Settings
Authentication RADIUS Server
This is for RADIUS authentication. It can communicate with RADIUS through IP Address, Port and
Shared Secret.
IP Address: Enter the IP address of the Radius Server;
Port: Enter the port number of the Radius Server;
Shared Secret: This secret, which is composed of no more than 31 characters, is shared by the
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
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IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE and RADIUS during authentication.
Global-Key Update: Check this option and specify the time interval between two global-key
updates.
Firewall Settings
The firewall is a system or group of systems that enforce an access control policy between two
networks.
It may also be defined as a mechanism used to protect a trusted network from an
un-trusted network. IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE has capabilities of Source IP Filtering, Destination
IP Filtering, Source Port Filtering, Destination Port Filtering, Port Forwarding as well as DMZ. This is
available only under Router Mode.
Source IP Filtering: The source IP filtering gives users the ability to restrict certain types of data
packets from your local network to Internet through IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE. Use of such
filters can be helpful in securing or restricting your local network.
Figure 12 Source IP Filtering
Destination IP Filtering: The destination IP filtering gives you the ability to restrict the computers in
LAN from accessing certain websites in WAN according to specified IP addresses.
Check the
“Enable Source IP Filtering” checkbox and enter the IP address of the clients to be restricted.
Hit
Apply to make the setting take effect.
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 15
Figure 13 Destination IP Filtering
Source Port Filtering: The source port filtering enable you to restrict certain ports of data packets
from your local network to Internet through IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE. Use of such filters can be
helpful in securing or restricting your local network.
Figure 14 Source Port Filtering
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 16
Destination Port Filtering: The destination port filtering enables you to restrict certain ports of data
packets from your local network to Internet through IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE. Use of such
filters can be helpful in securing or restricting your local network.
Figure 15 Destination Port Filtering
Port Forwarding: The port forwarding allows you to automatically redirect common network services
to a specific machine behind the NAT firewall. These settings ne are only necessary if you wish to host
some sort of server like a web server or mail server on the private local network behind IEEE
802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE’s NAT firewall.
Figure 16 Port Forwarding
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 17
DMZ: A Demilitarized Zone is used to provide Internet services without sacrificing unauthorized access
to its local private network. Typically, the DMZ host contains devices accessible to the Internet traffic,
such as Web (HTTP) servers, FTP servers, SMTP (e-mail) servers and DNS servers.
Figure 17 DMZ
Basic Wireless Settings
Open “Basic Settings” in “Wireless” as below to make basic wireless configuration.
Figure 18 Basic Wireless Settings
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 18
Disable Wireless LAN Interface
Check this option to disable WLAN interface, then the wireless module of IEEE 802.11b/g/n
Wireless CPE will stop working and no wireless device can connect to it.
Wireless Mode
Four operating modes are available in IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE.
AP: The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE establishes a wireless coverage and receives
connectivity from other wireless devices.
Wireless Client: The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE is able to connect to the AP and thus join
the wireless network around it.
Bridge: The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE establishes wireless connectivity with other APs by
keying in remote MAC address.
Please refer to the “WDS Setting” for detailed configuration.
AP Repeater: The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE servers as AP and Bridge concurrently.
In
other words, the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE can provide connectivity services for CPEs
under Bridge mode.
Wireless Network Name (SSID)
This wireless network name is shared among all associated devices in your wireless network.
Keep it identical on all those devices.
Note that the SSID is case-sensitive and can not exceed
32 characters.
Broadcast SSID
Under AP mode, hiding network name is necessary when you are in a wireless environment that
may have potential risk. By disabling broadcast SSID, the STA can not scan and find IEEE
802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE, so that malicious attack by some illegal STA could be avoided.
802.11 Mode
The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE can communicate with wireless devices of 802.11b/g or
802.11b/g/n.
HT Protect
Enable HT (High Throughput) protect to ensure HT transmission with MAC mechanism. Under
802.11n mode, wireless client can be divided into HT STA and Non-HT STA, among which the
one with HT protect enabled gets higher throughput.
Frequency/Channel
Channel varies much as the available band differs from country to country. Select a proper
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 19
operating channel in the drop-down list according to your situation.
Extension Channel
Only applicable to AP, AP Repeater, and 40MHz channel width) indicates the use of channel
bonding that allows the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE to use two channels at once.
Two
options are available: Upper Channel and Lower Channel.
Channel Mode
Four levels are available: 5MHz, 10MHz, 20MHz and 40MHz. The last one can enhance data
throughput, but it takes more bandwidth, thus it might cause potential interference.
Antenna
By default, IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE uses its built-in antenna for directional transmission;
however, if you prefer to use an external antenna for your case-dependent applications, you can
switch from “Internal (8 dBi)” to”External (N-Type)”.
When External (N-Type) is selected, an Antenna Gain bar will appear to allow you specify the
gain of the external antenna.
The antenna gain calculates the TX power back off needed to
remain in compliance with regulations.
Note:
You are able to choose “External (N-Type)” only when you have well done installing the
external antenna; otherwise, it might damage IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE itself.
The maximum output power will vary depending on the country selected in order to
comply with the local regulation.
The output power here is counted from the RF single chain only not including the 8dBi
internal antenna.
Maximum Output Power (per chain):
Specify the signal transmission power. The higher the output power is, the wider the signal can
cover, but the power consumption will be greater accordingly.
Data Rate
Usually “Auto” is preferred. Under this rate, the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE will automatically
select the highest available rate to transmit. In some cases, however, like where there is no great
demand for speed, you can have a relatively-low transmit rate for compromise of a long distance.
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 20
Extension Channel Protection Mode
This is to avoid conflict with other wireless network and boost the ability of your device to catch all
802.11g transmissions. However, it may decrease wireless network performance. Compared to
CTS-Self; the transmission amount of CTS-RTS is much lower.
Enable MAC Clone
Available only under wireless client mode, it hides the MAC address of the AP while displays the
one of associated wireless client or the MAC address designated manually.
Site Survey
Under wireless client mode, the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE is able to perform site survey, through
which, information on the available access points will be detected.
Open “Basic Settings” in “Wireless”, by clicking the “Site Survey” button beside “Wireless Mode”
option, the wireless site survey window will pop up with a list of available AP in the vicinity.
Select the
AP you would like to connect and click “Selected” to establish connection.
Figure 19 Site Survey
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
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VAP Profile Settings
Available in AP mode, the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless Outdoor CPE allows up to 16 virtual SSIDs on a
single BSSID and to configure different profile settings such as security and VLAN ID to each SSID.
To
create a virtual AP, you may check the Enable box of the profile and click on the profile (eg. Profile 2)
to configure wireless and security settings.
Hit Apply to active the profile.
Figure 20 VAP Profile Settings
Figure 21 VAP Profile Settings
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 22
Basic Setting
Profile Name: Name of the VAP profile
Wireless Network Name: Enter the virtual SSID for the VAP
Broadcast SSID: In AP mode, hiding network name is necessary when you are in a wireless
environment that may have potential risk. By disabling broadcast SSID, the STA cannot scan and
find the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless Outdoor CPE, so that malicious attack by some illegal STA
could be avoided.
Wireless Separation: Wireless separation is an ideal way to enhance the security of network
transmission. Under the mode except wireless client mode, enable “Wireless Separation” can
prevent the communication among associated wireless clients.
WMM Support: WMM (Wi-Fi Multimedia) is a subset of 802.11e. It allows wireless communication
to define a priority limit on the basis of data type under AP mode only, thus those time-sensitive
data, like video/audio data, may own a higher priority than common one.
To enable WMM, the
wireless client should also support it
Max. Station Number: By checking the “Max. Station Num” the CPE will only allow up to 32
wireless clients to associate with for better bandwidth for each client.
By disabling the checkbox
the CPE will allow up to 128 clients to connect, but it is likely to cause network congestion or poor
performance.
Security Setting:
To prevent unauthorized radios from accessing data transmitting over the connectivity, the IEEE
802.11a/n Wireless Outdoor CPE provides you with rock solid security settings.
For detailed
information please go to Chapter 4 Wireless Security Setting.
VLAN Tab
If your network uses VLANs, you can assign one SSID to a VLAN, and client devices using the SSID are
grouped in that VLAN.
To allow users on the VLAN to access the WEB page of the IEEE 802.11a/n Wireless Outdoor CPE, you
need to enable “Enable 802.1Q VLAN” and assign a management VLAN ID for your device.
Make
sure the assigned management VLAN ID is identical to your network VLAN ID to avoid failures of
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 23
accessing the Web page of the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE.
Figure 22 Management VLAN ID
Chapter 3 Basic Settings
Page 24
Chapter 4 Advanced Settings
Advanced Wireless Settings
Open “Advanced Settings” in “Wireless” to make advanced wireless settings.
Figure 23 Advanced Wireless Settings
A-MPDU/A-MSDU Aggregation
The data rate of your AP except wireless client mode could be enhanced greatly with this option
enabled; however, if your wireless clients don’t support A-MPDU/A-MSDU aggregation, it is not
recommended to enable it.
Short GI
Under 802.11n mode, enable it to obtain better data rate if there is no negative compatibility issue.
RTS Threshold
The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE sends RTS (Request to Send) frames to certain receiving
station and negotiates the sending of a data frame. After receiving an RTS, that STA responds
with a CTS (Clear to Send) frame to acknowledge the right to start transmission. The setting
range is 0 to 2346 in byte.
Setting it too low may result in poor network performance. Leave it at
its default of 2346 is recommended.
Chapter 4 Advanced Settings
Page 25
Fragmentation Length
Specify the maximum size in byte for a packet before data is fragmented into multiple packets.
Setting it too low may result in poor network performance. Leave it at its default of 2346 is
recommended.
Beacon Interval
Specify the frequency interval to broadcast packets. Enter a value between 20 and 1024.
DTIM Interval
DTIM, which stands for Delivery Traffic Indication Message, is contained in the data packets. It is
for enhancing the wireless transmission efficiency. The default is set to 1. Enter a value between
1 and 255.
Preamble Type
It defines some details on the 802.11 physical layer.
“Long” and “Auto” are available.
IGMP Snooping
Available in AP/Router mode, IGMP snooping is the process of listening to IGMP network traffic.
By enabling IGMP snooping, the AP will listen to IGMP membership reports, queries and leave
messages to identify the ports that are members of multicast groups. Multicast traffic will only be
forwarded to ports identified as members of the specific multicast group or groups.
RIFS
RIFS (Reduced Interframe Spacing) is a means of reducing overhead and thereby increasing
network efficiency.
Link Integration
Available under AP/Bridge/AP repeater mode, it monitors the connection on the Ethernet port by
checking “Enabled”. It can inform the associating wireless clients as soon as the disconnection
occurs.
TDM Coordination
Stands for “Time-Division Multiplexing Technique”, this resource reservation control mechanisms
can avoid packet collisions and send the packets much more efficiently allowing for higher
effective throughput rates.
This function is only available in AP/CPE mode.
It is highly
recommended to enable TDM coordination when there are multiple CPEs needed to connect to
the AP in your application.
Chapter 4 Advanced Settings
Page 26
LAN2LAN CPE
LAN2LAN CPE mode enables packet forwarding at layer 2 level. It is fully transparent for all the
Layer2 protocols.
Space in Meter
To decrease the chances of data retransmission at long distance, the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless
CPE can automatically adjust proper ACK timeout value by specifying distance of the two nodes.
Flow Control
It allows the administrator to specify the incoming and outgoing traffic limit by checking “Enable
Traffic Shaping”. This is only available in Router mode.
Note:
We strongly recommend you leave most advanced settings at their defaults except
“Distance in Meters” adjusted the parameter for real distance; any modification on them
may negatively impact the performance of your wireless network.
Wireless Security Settings
To prevent unauthorized radios from accessing data transmitting over the connectivity, the IEEE
802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE provides you with rock solid security settings.
Data Encryption and Authentication Settings
Open “Profile Setting” in “Wireless” and enter “VAP Profile 1 Settings” as below.
Chapter 4 Advanced Settings
Page 27
Figure 24 Security Settings
Network Authentication
Open System: It allows any device to join the network without performing any security check.
Shared Key: Data encryption and key are required for wireless authentication (Not available in
Bridge/AP Repeater mode).
Legacy 802.1x: Available in AP/Wireless Client mode, it provides the rights to access the
wireless network and wired Ethernet. With User and PC identity, centralized authentication as well
as dynamic key management, it controls the security risk of wireless network to the lowest. To
serve the 802.1x, at least one EAP type should be supported by the RADIUS Server, AP and
wireless client.
WPA with RADIUS: Available in AP/Wireless Client mode, with warrant (username, password
and etc.) offered by user, this kind of authentication can be realized with specific RADIUS server.
This is the common way to be adopted in large enterprise network.
WPA2 with RADIUS: Available in AP/Wireless Client mode, as a new version of WPA, only all the
clients support WPA2, can it be available. If it is selected, AES encryption and RADIUS server is
required.
It is only available in AP/Wireless Client mode.
WPA&WPA2 with RADIUS: Available in AP mode, it provides options of WPA (TKIP) or WPA2
(AES) for the client. If it is selected, the data encryption type must be TKIP + AES and the
RADIUS server must be set.
Chapter 4 Advanced Settings
Page 28
WPA-PSK: It is a simplified WPA mode with no need for specific authentication server. In this
so-called WPA Pre-Shared Key, all you have to do is just pre-enter a key in each WLAN node and
this is the common way to be adopted in large and middle enterprise as well as residential
network.
WPA2-PSK: As a new version of WPA, only all the clients support WPA2, can it be available. If it is
selected, the data encryption can only be AES and the passphrase is required.
WPA-PSK&WPA2-PSK: Available in AP mode, it provides options of WPA (TKIP) or WPA2 (AES)
encryption for the client. If it is selected, the data encryption can only be TKIP + AES and the
passphrase is required.
Data Encryption
If data encryption is enabled, the key is required and only sharing the same key with other
wireless devices can the communication be established.
None: Available only when the authentication type is open system.
64 bits WEP: It is made up of 10 hexadecimal numbers.
128 bits WEP: It is made up of 26 hexadecimal numbers.
152 bits WEP: It is made up of 32 hexadecimal numbers.
TKIP: Temporal Key Integrity Protocol, which is a kind of dynamic encryption, is co-used with
WPA-PSK, etc.
AES: Advanced Encryption Standard, it is usually co-used with WPA2-PSK, WPA, WPA2, etc.
TKIP + AES: It allows for backwards compatibility with devices using TKIP.
Note:
We strongly recommend you enable wireless security on your network!
Only setting the same Authentication, Data Encryption and Key in the IEEE
802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE and other associated wireless devices, can the
communication be established!
Chapter 4 Advanced Settings
Page 29
Access Control
The Access Control appoints the authority to wireless client on accessing IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless
CPE, thus a further security mechanism is provided. This function is available only under AP mode.
Open “Access Control” in “Wireless” as below.
Figure 25 Access Control
Access Control Mode
If you select “Allow Listed”, only those clients whose wireless MAC addresses are in the access
control list will be able to connect to your AP. While when “Deny Listed” is selected, those
wireless clients on the list will not be able to connect the AP.
MAC Address
Enter the MAC address of the wireless client that you would like to list into the access control list,
click “Apply” then it will be added into the table at the bottom.
Delete Selected/All
Check the box before one or more MAC addresses of wireless client(s) that you would like to
cancel, and click “Delete Selected” or “Delete All” to cancel that access control rule.
Chapter 4 Advanced Settings
Page 30
WDS Settings
Extend the range of your network without having to use cables to link the Access Points by using the
Wireless Distribution System (WDS): Simply put, you can link the Access Points wirelessly. Open
“WDS Settings” in “Wireless” as below:
Figure 26 WDS Settings
Enter the MAC address of another AP you wirelessly want to connect to into the appropriate field and
click “Apply” to save settings.
Note:
WDS Settings is available only under Bridge and AP Repeater Mode.
Bridge uses the WDS protocol that is not defined as the standard thus compatibility
issues between equipment from different vendors may arise.
Moreover, Tree or
Star shape network topology should be used in all WDS use-cases (i.e. if AP2 and
AP3 are specified as the WDS peers of AP1, AP2 should not be specified as the
WDS peer of AP3 and AP3 should not be specified as the WDS peer of AP2 in any
case). Mesh and Ring network topologies are not supported by WDS and should be
avoided in all the use cases.
Chapter 4 Advanced Settings
Page 31
Chapter 5 Management
Remote Management
The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless Outdoor CPE provides a variety of remotes managements including
Telnet, SNMP, FTP, SSH, HTTPS and exclusive WISE tool, making configuration more convenient and
secure.
With Normal selected, Telnet, SNMP and FTP are activated as default remote management options.
To use secure management tools such as SSH, HTTPS and WISE, please select “Secure”.
You may
also choose “Customized” to enable any methods as desired.
Figure 27 Remote Settings
SNMP Management
The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE supports SNMP for convenient remote management. Open
“Remote Settings” in “Management” shown below. Set the SNMP parameters and obtain MIB file
before remote management.
Chapter 5 Management
Page 32
Figure 28 SNMP Configuration
Protocol Version
Select the SNMP version, and keep it identical on the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE and the
SNMP manager.
The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE supports SNMP v2/v3.
Server Port
Change the server port for a service if needed; however you have to use the same port to use that
service for remote management.
Get Community
Specify the password for the incoming Get and GetNext requests from the management station. By
default, it is set to public and allows all requests.
Set Community
Specify the password for the incoming Set requests from the management station. By default, it is
set to private.
Trap Destination
Specify the IP address of the station to send the SNMP traps to.
Trap Community
Specify the password sent with each trap to the manager. By default, it is set to public and allows all
requests.
Chapter 5 Management
Page 33
Configure SNMPv3 User Profile
For SNMP protocol version 3, you can click “Configure SNMPv3 User Profile” in blue to set the details
of SNMPv3 user. Check “Enable SNMPv3 Admin/User” in advance and make further configuration.
Figure 29 Configure SNMPv3 User Profile
User Name
Specify a user name for the SNMPv3 administrator or user. Only the SNMP commands carrying this
user name are allowed to access the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE.
Password
Specify a password for the SNMPv3 administrator or user. Only the SNMP commands carrying this
password are allowed to access the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE.
Confirm Password
Input that password again to make sure it is your desired one.
Access Type
Select “Read Only” or “Read and Write” accordingly.
Authentication Protocol
Select an authentication algorithm. SHA authentication is stronger than MD5 but is slower.
Privacy Protocol
Specify the encryption method for SNMP communication. None and DES are available.
None: No encryption is applied.
Chapter 5 Management
Page 34
DES: Data Encryption Standard, it applies a 58-bit key to each 64-bit block of data.
Upgrade Firmware
Open “Firmware Upload” in “Management” and follow the steps below to upgrade firmware locally or
remotely through IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE’s Web:
Figure 30 Upgrade Firmware
Click “Browse” to select the firmware file you would like to load;
Click “Upload” to start the upload process;
Wait a moment, the system will reboot after successful upgrade.
Note:
Do NOT cut the power off during upgrade, otherwise the system may crash!
Backup/ Retrieve Settings
It is strongly recommended you back up configuration information in case of something unexpected. If
tragedy hits your device, you may have an access to restore the important files by the backup. All these
can be done by the local or remote computer.
Open “Configuration File” in “Management” as below:
Chapter 5 Management
Page 35
Figure 31 Backup/Retrieve Settings
Save Setting to File
By clicking “Save”, a dialog box will pop up. Save it, then the configuration file ap.cfg will be
generated and saved to your local computer.
Load Settings from File
By clicking “Browse”, a file selection menu will appear, select the file you want to load, like ap.cfg;
Click “Upload” to load the file. After automatically rebooting, new settings are applied.
Restore Factory Default Settings
The IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE provides two ways to restore the factory default settings:
Restore factory default settings via Web
From “Configuration File”, clicking “Reset” will eliminate all current settings and reboot your device,
then default settings are applied.
Chapter 5 Management
Page 36
Figure 32 Restore Settings
Restore factory default settings via Reset Button
If software in IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE is unexpectedly crashed and no longer reset the unit
via Web, you may do hardware reset via the reset button.
Press and hold the button for at least 5
seconds and then release it until the PWR LED gives a blink.
Reboot
You can reboot your IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE from “Configuration File” in “Management” as
below:
Click “Reboot” and hit “Yes” upon the appeared prompt to start reboot process. This takes a few
minutes.
Figure 33 Reboot
Chapter 5 Management
Page 37
Password
From “Password Settings” in “Management”, you can change the password to manage your IEEE
802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE.
Enter the new password respectively in “New Password” and “Confirm Password” fields; click “Apply”
to save settings.
Figure 34 Password
Note:
The password is case-sensitive and its length cannot be exceed 19 characters!
Chapter 5 Management
Page 38
Chapter 6 Monitoring Tools
System Log
System log is used for recording events occurred on the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE, including
station connection, disconnection, system reboot and etc.
Open “System Log” in “Tools” as below.
Figure 35 System Log
Remote Syslog Server
Enable Remote Syslog: Enable System log to alert remote server.
IP Address: Specify the IP address of the remote server.
Port: Specify the port number of the remote server.
Chapter 5 Management
Page 39
Site Survey
Only available under Wireless Client mode, site survey allows you to scan all the APs within coverage.
Open “Site Survey” in “Tools” as below and select the desired AP to connect.
Figure 36 Site Survey
Ping Watch Dog
If you mess your connection up and cut off your ability the log in to the unit, the ping watchdog has a
chance to reboot due to loss of connectivity.
Figure 37 Ping Watchdog
Chapter 6 Status
Page 40
Ping Watchdog
Enable Ping Watchdog: To activate ping watchdog, check this checkbox.
IP Address to Ping: Specify the IP address of the remote unit to ping.
Ping Interval: Specify the interval time to ping the remote unit.
Startup Delay: Specify the startup delay time to prevent reboot before the IEEE 802.11b/g/n
Wireless CPE is fully initialized.
Failure Count To Reboot: If the ping timeout packets reached the value, the IEEE 802.11b/g/n
Wireless CPE will reboot automatically.
Date Rate Test
The Data Rate Test allows you test the current RSSI at each data rate between your IEEE 802.11b/g/n
Wireless CPEs.
Figure 38 Data Rate Test
Chapter 6 Status
Page 41
Antenna Alignment
Under Bridge mode, when the bridges are not easily visible from the location where the dish will be
installed, the antenna alignment tool can help you evaluate the position of the unit and adjust the angle
of the antenna more precisely.
Keep it that in real circumstances a lot of additional factors should be
taken into account when your unit is installed. These factors include various obstacles (buildings,
trees), the landscape, the altitude, transponder orientation, polarization, etc.
To use the tool, select the desired remote WDS bridge and click “Start”, the web page will display the
measured signal strength, RSSI and transmit/receive packets. If the signal quality is not quite good,
try to adjust the antenna and see if the quality improves or not.
Figure 39 Antenna Alignment
Speed Test
The speed test is to monitor the current data transmission (TX) and data reception (RX) rate with the
remote 802.11an Wireless Outdoor CPE.
Enter the IP address of the remote CPE, type in the user
name/password and click “Test”. The result will display in the bottom STATUS.
You may test single
TX/RX or bi-direction.
Chapter 6 Status
Page 42
Figure 40 Speed Test
Chapter 6 Status
Page 43
Chapter 7 Status
View Basic Information
Open “Information” in “Status” to check the basic information of the CPE, which is read only.
Information includes system information, LAN settings, wireless setting and interface status.
Click
“Refresh” at the bottom to have the real-time information.
Figure 41 Basic Information
View Association List
Open “Connections” in “Status” to check the information of associated wireless devices such as MAC
address, signal strength, connection time, IP address, etc.
All is read only.
Click “Refresh” at the
bottom to update the current association list.
Chapter 6 Status
Page 44
Figure 42 Connection
By clicking on the MAC address of the selected device on the web you may see more details including
device name, connection time, signal strength, noise floor, ACK timeout, link quality, IP information,
current data rate, current TX/RX packets.
View Network Flow Statistics
Open “Statistics” in “Status” to check the data packets received on and transmitted from the wireless
and Ethernet ports. Click “Refresh” to view current statistics.
Chapter 6 Status
Page 45
Figure 43 Network Flow Statistics
Poll Interval
Specify the refresh time interval in the box beside “Poll Interval” and click “Set Interval” to save
settings. “Stop” helps to stop the auto refresh of network flow statistics.
View ARP Table
Open “ARP Table” in “Status” as below.
Click “Refresh” to view current table.
Figure 44 ARP Table
Chapter 6 Status
Page 46
View Bridge Table
Open “Bridge Table” in “Status” as below. Click “Refresh” to view current connected status..
Figure 45 Bridge Table
View Active DHCP Client Table
Open “DHCP Clients” in “Status” as below to check the assigned IP address, MAC address and time
expired for each DHCP leased client. Click “Refresh” to view current table.
Figure 46 DHCP Client Table
Chapter 6 Status
Page 47
View Network Activities
The network activities allows you to monitor the current Wireless and Ethernet TX/RX data traffic in
graphical and numerical form on the Web of the Skyport. The chart scale and throughput dimension
(Bps, Kbps, Mbps) changes dynamically according to the mean throughput value. Throughput
statistics can be updated manually using the “Refresh” button.
Figure 47 Network Activities
Chapter 6 Status
Page 48
Chapter 8 Troubleshooting
This chapter provides troubleshooting procedures for basic problems with the IEEE 802.11b/g/n
Wireless CPE. For warranty assistance, contact your service provider or distributor for the process.
Q 1. How to know the MAC address of IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE?
MAC Address distinguishes itself by the unique identity among network devices. There are two
ways available to know it.
•
Each device has a label posted with the MAC address.
•
On the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE Web-based management interface, you can view the
MAC Address from “View Basic Information”.
Q 2. What if I would like to reset the unit to default settings?
You may restore factory default settings in “Configuration File” from “Management”.
Q 3. What if I would like to backup and retrieve my configuration settings?
You may do the backup by generating a configuration file or retrieve the settings you have backed
up previously in “Configuration File” from “Management”.
Q 4. What if I can not access the Web-based management interface?
Please check the followings:
•
Check whether the power supply is OK; Try to power on the unit again.
•
Check whether the IP address of PC is correct (in the same network segment as the unit);
•
Login the unit via other browsers such as Firefox.
•
Hardware reset the unit.
Q 5. What if the wireless connection is not stable after associating with an AP under wireless
client mode?
•
Since the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE comes with a built-in directional antenna, it is
recommended make the IEEE 802.11b/g/n Wireless CPE face to the direction where the AP is
to get the best connection quality.
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting
Page 49
•
In addition, you can start “Site Survey” in “Wireless Basic Settings” to check the signal
strength. If it is weak or unstable (The smaller the number is, the weaker the signal strength
is.), please join other available AP for better connection.
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting
Page 50
Appendix A. ASCII
WEP can be configured with a 64-bit, 128-bit or 152-bit Shared Key (hexadecimal number or ACSII).
As defined, hexadecimal number is represented by 0-9, A-F or a-f; ACSII is represented by 0-9, A-F,
a-f or punctuation. Each one consists of two-digit hexadecimal.
Table 2 ACSII
ASCII
Hex
ASCII
Hex
ASCII
Hex
ASCII
Hex
Character
Equivalent
Character
Equivalent
Character
Equivalent
Character
Equivalent
!
21
9
39
Q
51
i
69
"
22
:
3A
R
52
j
6A
#
23
;
3B
S
53
k
6B
$
24
<
3C
T
54
l
6C
%
25
=
3D
U
55
m
6D
&
26
>
3E
V
56
n
6E
‘
27
?
3F
W
57
o
6F
(
28
@
40
X
58
p
70
)
29
A
41
Y
59
q
71
*
2A
B
42
Z
5A
r
72
+
2B
C
43
[
5B
s
73
,
2C
D
44
\
5C
t
74
-
2D
E
45
]
5D
u
75
.
2E
F
46
^
5E
v
76
/
2F
G
47
_
5F
w
77
0
30
H
48
`
60
x
78
1
31
I
49
a
61
y
79
2
32
J
4A
b
62
z
7A
3
33
K
4B
c
63
{
7B
4
34
L
4C
d
64
|
7C
5
35
M
4D
e
65
}
7D
6
36
N
4E
f
66
~
7E
7
37
O
4F
g
67
8
38
P
50
h
68
Appendix A. ASCII
Page 51
Appendix B. SSH Settings
Table 3 CLI Commands
get
set
√
√
del
Keyword
Descriptions
time
--time setting
√
-now
--current system time
√
√
-zone
--time zone
√
√
-NTPUpdate
-- NTP Update
√
√
-servertype
--server type
√
√
-IP
-IP
√
√
-Manual IP
-Manual IP
√
√
system
√
--system setting
-swversion
--system firmware version
√
√
-systemmac
--system MAC address
√
√
-devname
--system name
√
√
-country
--country/region
√
-ethernet1DataRate
--ether port 1 data rate
√
√
-ethernet2DataRate
--ether port 2 data rate
√
√
-macclone
--mac clone enable
√
√
-clonedmac
--cloned mac address
√
√
-poepower
--secondary RJ45 power
√
√
-stp
--Spanning Tree
√
√
-stpForwardDelay
--STP forward delay
√
√
-gpslatitude
--gps latitude
√
√
-gpslongitude
--gps longitude
√
√
√
√
-networkmode
√
√
-bridge
√
√
-iptype
√
√
-ipaddr
--ip address
√
√
-netmask
--subnet mask
√
√
-gateway
--gateway ip address
√
√
-dns1
--dns1
√
√
-dns2
--dns2
√
√
√
√
√
√
-accesstyp
√
√
-staticipadd
ipset
Appendix B. GPL Declamation
--network mode select
(bridge or router)
--bridge mode ip settings
--fixed/dynamical
ip(dhcp
client)
-router
--router mode ip settings
-wan
--wan ip settings
e
--router mode access type
--static ip address
Page 52
r
√
√
-staticnetm
√
√
-staticgate
√
√
-staticdns1
--static dns1
√
√
-staticdns2
--static dns2
√
√
-dhcpclient
ask
way
hostname
--static subnet mask
--static gateway ip address
--dhcp client hostname
√
-pppoecon
√
-pppoelocal
--obtains IP from pppoe
ip
server
nectstatus
--pppoe connect status
√
√
-pppoestati
√
√
-pppoeuser
√
√
-pppoepass
√
√
-pppoeserv
√
√
-pppoecon
√
√
-pppoeidleti
√
√
√
√
-ipaddr
--lan ip address
√
√
-netmask
--lan subnet mask
√
√
-dhcpserve
√
√
-dhcpserve
√
√
-dhcpserve
√
√
-dhcpserve
√
√
-dhcprelay
√
√
-dhcpserve
√
√
√
√
-operationmode
--operation mode
√
√
-ssid
--wireless network name
√
√
-ssidhided
--wireless SSID broadcast
cipaddr
name
word
ername
nectmode
me
-lan
ripstart
ripend
rleasetime
enable
rip
Appendix B. GPL Declamation
--pppoe username
--pppoe password
--pppoe server name
--pppoe connect mode
--pppoe idle time
--lan ip settings
renable
wlan
--pppoe static ip address
--dhcp server enable
--dhcp server ip start
--dhcp server ip end
--dhcp server leasetime
--dhcp relay enable
--dhcp server ip
--wlan setting
Page 53
√
√
-radio
--radio switch
√
√
-wirelessmode
--wireless mode
√
√
√
√
-HTprotect
--HT protect
-wireless frequency/channel
√
√
(depends on country and
-frequency/channel
wireless mode)
√
√
-power
--power
√
√
-rate
--rate
√
√
-antenna
--antenna type
√
√
-antennaGain
--antenna gain setings
√
√
-wmm
--wmm settings
--wireless isolate
√
√
-Isolation
communication between
clients
--max sta connection
√
√
-maxStaNum
√
√
-StaNumLmt
√
√
-spaceInMeter
√
√
-LinkIntegration
√
√
-channelMode
--channel mode
√
√
-channelOffset
--channel offset of 40MHz
√
√
-extension
--extension
√
√
-A-MPDU
--A-MPDU
√
√
-A-MSDU
--A-MSDU
√
√
-shortGI
--short GI
√
√
-RIFS
--rifs
√
√
-RTS
--RTS
√
√
-fragment
--fragment
√
√
-beacon
--beacon
√
√
-DTIM
--DTIM
√
√
-preamble
--preamble
√
√
-IGMP
--IGMP
√
√
-stdm
--stdm setting
√
√
-cpeType
--CPE Type
√
√
-authentication
√
√
-encryption
--wireless data encryption
√
√
-key
--wireless wep key setting
√
√
√
Appendix B. GPL Declamation
number
--Whether manually limit the
number o f station
--wireless bwa space in
meter setting
--wireless
bwa
coverage
class setting
--wireless
authentication
type
-type
--wireless wep key type
Page 54
--wireless wep default key
√
√
√
√
√
-1
--wireless wep key 1
√
√
√
-2
--wireless wep key 2
√
√
√
-3
--wireless wep key 3
√
√
√
-4
--wireless wep key 4
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
-reauthtime
√
√
-keyupdate
√
√
√
√
√
√
-eaptype
√
√
√
-innereapty
√
√
-username
--WPA user name
√
√
-loginname
--WPA login name
√
√
-password
--WPA password
√
√
-usercert
--WPA cert file
√
√
-privatekey
√
√
√
√
-enable
--enable Traffic Shaping
√
√
-downlimit
--Incoming Traffic Limit
√
√
-downburst
--Incoming Traffic Burst
√
√
-uplimit
--Outgoing Traffic Limit
√
√
-upburst
--Outgoing Traffic Burst
√
√
-default
-wpa
--wireless WPA setting
-psk
-eap
--wireless pre-shared key
(PSK) for WPA-PSK
--wireless
WPA
password
-trafficshaping
period (in seconds)
--enable
wireless
global key update
--WPA EAP Type
--WPA inner EAP Type
--WPA private key password
--WDS Remote Mac
-local
--local macAddr
√
√
-remote1
--remote macAddr1
√
√
-remote2
--remote macAddr2
√
√
-remote3
--remote macAddr3
√
√
-remote4
--remote macAddr4
√
√
√
-association
vapprofile
--WDS Separation
--list of associated wireless
clients
√
√
√
√
-active
--on/off this vap
√
√
-profileName
--Name of profile
√
√
-ssid
--ssid of this vap
--VAP setting
1(2, 3,etc)
Appendix B. GPL Declamation
WPA
--traffic shaping
-wdsMac
-wdsSeparation
re-auth
--WPA EAP setting
pe
√
index
Page 55
--Broadcast SSID Enable or
√
√
-ssidhided
√
√
-vlanID
--vlanID of this vap
√
√
-Isolation
--wireless separation
√
√
-wmm
--WMM Support
√
√
-MaxStaNum
--Max Station Number
√
√
-StaNumLmt
√
√
-authentication
√
√
-encryption
√
√
-default
√
√
-wpa
√
Disable
--Whether manually limit the
number o f station
--wireless
authentication
type
--wireless data encryption
--wireless wep default key
index
--wireless WPA setting
--list of associated wireless
-association
clients
√
√
√
√
-active
--enable 802.1Q VLAN
√
√
-manageID
--Management VLAN ID
√
√
√
√
-IPaddr
--IP address
√
√
-port
--port
√
-shared secret
--Shared Secret
vlan
--vlan setting
radius
--radius setting
√
√
√
√
√
√
-enable
--source ip filter enable
√
√
-addrule
--add a source ip filter rule
√
-delerule
--delete source ip filter rule
firewall
--firewall setting
-srcipfilter
√
--source ip filter settings
-rulelist
√
√
√
√
-enable
√
√
-addrule
√
-delerule
-destipfilter
√
lists
--destination ip filter settings
-rulelist
√
√
√
√
-enable
√
√
-addrule
√
-delerule
Appendix B. GPL Declamation
--show source ip filter rule
-srcportfilter
--destination ip filter enable
--add a destination ip filter
rule
--delete destination ip filter
rule
--show destination ip filter
rule lists
--source port filter settings
--source port filter enable
--add a source port filter
rule
--delete source port filter
rule
Page 56
√
-rulelist
lists
--destination
√
√
√
√
-enable
√
√
-addrule
√
-delerule
-destportfilter
√
--show source port filter rule
port
filter
port
filter
settings
-rulelist
--destination
enable
--add a destination port filter
rule
--delete
destination
port
filter rule
--show destination port filter
rule lists
√
√
√
√
-enable
--port forward enable
√
√
-addrule
--add a port forward rule
√
-delerule
--delete port forward rule
-portforward
√
--port forward settings
-rulelist
--show port forward rule
lists
√
√
-dmzenable
--dmz enable
√
√
-dmzipaddr
--dmz ip address
√
√
√
√
-privacy
--radius IP address
√
√
-telnet
--enable telnet
√
√
-snmp
--enable snmp
√
√
-ftp
--enable ftp
√
√
-ssh
--enable ssh
√
√
-forcehttps
--force https
√
√
-wise
--enable wise tools
√
√
√
√
-version
--Protocol Version
√
√
-port
--Server Port
√
√
-getCommunity
--SNMP Read Community
√
√
-setCommunity
--SNMP Write Community
√
√
-trapdestination
--Trap Destination
√
√
-trapcommunity
--Trap Community
√
√
-v3Admin
--v3Admin
√
√
-on
--Enable SNMPv3Admin
√
√
-name
--name
√
-password
--password
√
√
-accessTyp
√
√
-authentica
--remote
remote
setting
snmp
Appendix B. GPL Declamation
management
--SNMP setting
e
--access type
--Authentication Protocol
Page 57
tion
√
√
√
√
√
√
-on
--Enable SNMPv3User
√
√
-name
--name
√
-password
--password
√
√
-accessTyp
√
√
-authentica
√
√
-Privacy
√
√
√
√
-coovaChilliEnable
√
√
-primaryRadiusServ
√
√
-secondaryRadiusSe
--Secondary
rver
Server
√
√
√
-Privacy
-v3User
-v3User
e
tion
coovachilli
--privacy protocol
--access type
--Authentication Protocol
--privacy protocol
--CoovaChilli setting
er
--Coovachilli Enable
--Primary RADIUS Server
--RADIUS
RADIUS
Authentication
-radiusAuthPort
Port
√
-radiusAcctPort
--RADIUS Accounting Port
√
√
-radiusSharedSecret
--RADIUS Shared Secret
√
√
-radiusNasid
--RADIUS Nasid
√
√
-radiusAdminUserna
√
√
-radiusAdminPassw
√
√
-uamPortalUrl
--UAM Portal URL
√
√
-uamSecret
--UAM Secret
√
√
√
√
-client
--enable syslog client
√
√
-ipaddr
--syslog server IP address
√
√
-port
--syslog server port number
√
-clear
--syslog clear
me
ord
syslog
--RADIUS Admin Username
--RADIUS Admin Password
--syslog
√
√
√
√
-enable
--enable
√
√
-interval
--interval
√
√
-startdelay
--startup delay
√
√
-failcount
--failure count
√
√
-ip
--ip address
√
√
√
√
pingwdg
√
--ping watchdog
acl
--access control
-mode
√
Appendix B. GPL Declamation
-delete
--enable
wireless
access
control (ACL)
--delete
a
local
Page 58
ACL
address
√
√
-list
√
-MacAddr
√
statistics
--delete or display all local
ACL address
--add
mac
address
Current Access Control List
--statistics
√
-Wireless
--Wireless LAN
√
-Ethernet
--Ethernet LAN
√
√
log list
--syslog list
√
password
--system password
√
reset
--restore factory
√
reboot
--reboot system
√
exit
--logout from CLI
Appendix B. GPL Declamation
to
Page 59
Appendix C. GPL Declamation
PUBLIC SOFTWARE DECLAMATION
In the software we delivered, there may contains some public software, if it is, please read
below carefully:
1. Definition
“Public Software”, when applicable, shall mean that portion of the Licensed Software, in source code
form, set forth in the below Table, and provided under the terms set forth in the Section 5, the indicated
website, the complete license terms can be found.
“Public Software” shall mean each of:
(a) any computer code that contains, or is derived in any manner (in whole or in part) from, any
computer code that is distributed as open source software (e.g. Linux) or similar licensing or
distribution models; and
(b) any software that requires as a condition of use, modification and/or distribution of such software
that such software or other software incorporated into, derived from or distributed with such software (i)
be disclosed or distributed in source code form, (ii) be licensed for the purpose of making derivative
works, or (iii) be redistributable at no charge.
Public Software includes, without limitation, software licensed or distributed under any of the following
licenses or distribution models, or licenses or distribution models similar to any of the following: (1)
GNU’s General Public License (GPL) or Lesser/Library GPL (LGPL); (2) the Artistic License (e.g.,
PERL); (3) the Mozilla Public License; (4) the Netscape Public License; (5) the Sun Community
Source License (SCSL); (6) the Sun Industry Source License (SISL); and (7) the Apache Software
license.
2. Limited Use
Any Public Software provided under the agreement shall be subject to the licenses, terms and
conditions of its model.
Appendix B. GPL Declamation
Licensee hereby agrees to comply with the terms and conditions applicable
Page 60
to any such Public Software, as set forth in its presentation on website.
3. Limited Liability
The supplier hereby express that the supplier shall have no liability for any costs, loss or damages
resulting from Licensee’s breach of the terms and conditions applicable to use, conversion or
combination of the licensed software with or into Public Software.
4. NO WARRANTY
This program or licensed software is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY. THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO
THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH LICENSEE.
5. Public Software Name and Description
Table 4 Public Software Name and Description
Program
Copy Right Description
Name
Redboot
Copyright
(C)
Origin
Licenses or Distribution
License
Sour Code
Models or its special
Website
license terms
Reference
eCos License
http://sources.re
Terms
1998,
ftp://ftp.ge
1999, 2000, 2001, 2002,
s.redhat.c
dhat.com/ecos/e
2003 Red Hat, Inc.
om/private
cos-license/
/gnupro-xs
cale-03042
2/redboot-i
ntel-xscale
-030630.tar
.Z
Busybox
http://www
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC
http://www.gnu.o
.busybox.
LICENSE Version 2
rg/licenses/old-li
net/downl
censes/gpl-2.0.ht
oads/busy
ml
box-1.01.ta
r.bz2
brctl
Copyright
(C)
2000
Lennert Buytenhek
Appendix B. GPL Declamation
http://nchc
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC
http://www.gnu.o
.dl.sourcef
LICENSE Version 2
rg/licenses/old-li
Page 61
orge.net/s
censes/gpl-2.0.ht
ourceforg
ml
e/bridge/br
idge-utils1.0.6.tar.gz
dropbear
Copyright
(c)
http://matt.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC
http://www.gnu.o
2002-2006
Matt
ucc.asn.au
LICENSE Version 2
rg/licenses/old-li
Johnston
/dropbear/
censes/gpl-2.0.ht
Portions copyright (c)
dropbear-
ml
2004
0.51.tar.bz
Mihnea
2
Stoenescu
hostapd
(c)
http://host
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC
http://www.gnu.o
Jouni
ap.epitest.
LICENSE Version 2
rg/licenses/old-li
Copyright
2002-2006,
fi/releases/
censes/gpl-2.0.ht
<jkmaline@cc.hut.fi>
hostapd-0.
ml
and
4.8.tar.gz
Malinen
contributors
wpa_sup
Copyright
plicant
2003-2005,
(c)
http://host
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC
http://www.gnu.o
Jouni
ap.epitest.
LICENSE Version 2
rg/licenses/old-li
Malinen
fi/releases/
censes/gpl-2.0.ht
<jkmaline@cc.hut.fi>
wpa_suppl
ml
and
icant-0.4.7.
contributors
tar.gz
mtdutil
ftp://ftp.uk.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC
http://www.gnu.o
linux.org/p
LICENSE Version 2
rg/licenses/old-li
ub/people/
censes/gpl-2.0.ht
dwmw2/mt
ml
d/cvs/mtd/
util/
ntpclient
Copyright 1997, 1999,
http://dooli
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC
http://www.gnu.o
2000,
ttle.icarus.
LICENSE Version 2
rg/licenses/old-li
2003
Larry
Doolittle
com/ntpcli
censes/gpl-2.0.ht
ent/ntpclie
ml
nt_2003_1
94.tar.gz
procps
Author: Albert Cahalan,
http://proc
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC
http://www.gnu.o
Michael
ps.sourcef
LICENSE Version 2
rg/licenses/old-li
orge.net/p
GNU
censes/gpl-2.0.ht
rocps-3.2.
GENERAL
7.tar.gz
LICENSE Version 2
K.
Johnson,
Jim Warner, etc.
LIBRARY
PUBLIC
ml
http://www.gnu.o
rg/licenses/old-li
censes/library.ht
ml
vsftpd
Author: Chris Evans
Appendix B. GPL Declamation
ftp://vsftpd
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC
http://www.gnu.o
Page 62
.beasts.or
LICENSE Version 2
rg/licenses/old-li
g/users/ce
censes/gpl-2.0.ht
vans/vsftp
ml
d-1.1.2.tar.
gz
linux
ftp://ftp.ker
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC
http://www.gnu.o
nel.org/pu
LICENSE Version 2
rg/licenses/old-li
b/linux/ker
censes/gpl-2.0.ht
nel/v2.6/lin
ml
ux-2.6.20.3
.tar.bz2
Appendix B. GPL Declamation
Page 63