Research Article - International Journal of Recent Scientific Research

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International Journal of Recent Scientific Research
Vol. 8, Issue, 5, pp. 16920-16922, May, 2017
International Journal of
Recent Scientific
Research
ISSN: 0976-3031
DOI: 10.24327/IJRSR
Research Article
LEVEL OF DEPRESSION AMONG PRIMARY CAREGIVERS OF PATIENTS
WITH SUBSTANCE ABUSE
Karpagavalli.Nageswaran1., Rakesh Ghildiyal2., Mary Mathews3 and
Tapati Bhattacharjee4
1*MGM
Institute of Health Sciences Navi Mumbai
of Psychiatry, MGM Hospital, Navi Mumbai
3MGM College of Nursing NaviMumbai
4Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Nursing Pune
2Department
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0805.0245
ARTICLE INFO
ABSTRACT
Article History:
Background: Substance abuse is an important health problem throughout the world including India.
A research study with family members of drug dependent people showed an increase in the risk of
the emergence of mental disorders in 58.0% of the spouses, and a greater frequency of physical
assaults. Methodology: A non-experimental survey method was used. 140 subjects who met the
sampling criteria were included. The standardised tool DASS depression aspects were included.
Results: 99% of subjects were females. 34 percentage of caregivers have moderate level of
depression. Conclusion: In the present study, it has observed that most of the subjects suffer vary
from mild to very severe depression shows that these subjects need community based psychosocial
interventions like psycho education and relaxation therapy.
Received 05th February, 2017
Received in revised form 21st
March, 2017
Accepted 06th April, 2017
Published online 28th May, 2017
Key Words:
Depression, Primary Caregivers, Patients
With Substance Abuse
Copyright © Karpagavalli.Nageswaran et al, 2017, this is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the
original work is properly cited.
INTRODUCTION
Every day, India sees 10 suicides related to drug abuse. In the
presence of substance dependence, the completely family
structure can shake, however, the family members suffer
varying degrees of closeness and distancing, faced with the
negative impacts of this behaviour. The caregivers caring for
this patient feel stressed, anxious and low, since the illness
tends to be chronic and demanding. They may develop burnout
and emotional exhaustion. The caregivers feel isolated from the
society, due to both restrictions of their social and leisure
activities.
Objectives
1.
2.
To assess the Level of depression among primary
caregivers of patients with substance abuse
To associate the findings with selected demographic
variables
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The research approach used for the present study was
quantitative approach. The design adopted was Non*Corresponding author: Karpagavalli.Nageswaran
MGM Institute of Health Sciences Navi Mumbai
experimental survey design. Depression was the research
variables. The population under this study was primary
caregivers of patients with substance abuse. The samples were
from selected primary caregivers of patients with substance
abuse, residing in Pune city and the size was 140. NonProbability sampling technique adopted to select the
representative samples. Data collection tool was consists of
two sections;
Section 1:-Demographic data and Section 2:- DAS Scale
depression aspects were included. Formal Permission taken
from the authorities and informed written consent taken from
the samples prior to data collection. Samples assured about the
confidentiality of the data. Data collection tool were b
administered to assess the depression. The duration was 20
minutes for each participant for data collection
RESULTS
44% of subjects were belongs to age group of 25-35 years, 99%
of subjects were female 47% subjects had secondary education,
58 % subjects were homemaker, 99 % are married,
Karpagavalli.Nageswaran et al., Level of Depression Among Primary Caregivers of Patients With Substance Abuse
Table 1 Demographic data of Primary caregiver of patient
with substance abuse n=140
S.No
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Demographic Data
Age( years)
<25
25-35
35-45
45-55
>55
Gender
male
female
Education
No formal education
primary
secondary
higher secondary
graduate
any other
Occupation
home maker
domestic worker
private services
laborer
self employed
Marital Status
married
Widow/widower
Type Of Family
joint
nuclear
Monthly Income Of The Family
5000-15000
15000-30000
30000-45000
above 45000
Relation With Patient
mother
father
wife
husband
daughter
daughter in law
Expenses For The Patient/Month(Rs)
2000-5000
5000-8000
8000-11000
Above11000
Supporting System
Yes
no
family member
Paid care giver
2.
3.
4.
Demographic Data
Gender
Male
Duration of The Disease(years)
2-5
5-8
8-11
Above 11
Any Family History of substance
abuse
yes
no
History of Any Relapse
no
yes
If yes
environmental conditions
peer pressure
Rs, 15000-30000, in relationship
were wife, 91% of subjects spare
2000-5000 per month and 65% of
system in the form of family care
Frequency
%
23
61
24
20
12
16
44
17
14
09
1
139
1
99
22
10
47
45
12
4
15
07
34
32
09
03
56
48
19
6
11
40
34
14
04
08
139
1
99
01
48
92
34
66
Figure no 1 Level of depression among subjects
19
115
0
6
14
82
0
04
Figure no 1show that majority of the subjects have i.e. 34%
moderate level depression and subjects have depression vary
from mild to extremely severe.
22
0
63
1
17
37
16
0
45
1
12
26
127
7
0
6
91
05
0
04
65
75
59
6
46
54
42
04
Table 2 Demographic data of details of patient with
substance abuse n=140
S.No
1.
82% had monthly income
with patient 45 % subjects
expenses for the patient Rs
the subjects had supporting
member or paid caregiver.
In this study, all the patients were male, 71% of patients have
family history of substance abuse 69% of them have history of
relapse due to peer pressure and environmental conditions.
Objective 1: To assess the Level of depression among primary
caregivers of patients with substance abuse
n=140
Level Of Depression Among Subjects
Normal
Mild
Moderate
Severe
Extremely severe
0%
10%
20%
19%
17%
34%
Objective 2: To associate the findings with selected
demographic variables
Table 3 Association of the findings with selected
demographic variables n=140
S.No
Demographic Data
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Age( years)
Gender
Education
Occupation
Marital Status
Type Of Family
Monthly Income Of The Family
Relation With Patient
Expenses For The
Patient/Month(Rs)
Supporting System
9.
10.
Frequency
%
140
100
45
81
8
6
32
58
06
04
40
100
29
71
S.No
Demographic Data
43
97
31
69
1.
2.
17
80
12
57
3.
Gender
Duration Of The Disease(years)
Any Family History Of Illness Of
The Patient
History of Any Relapse
Chi Square
Cal. value
df
10.813
16
4.868
4
24.968
20
19.029
16
1.93
4
3.022
4
1.93
4
20.491
16
Pvalue
0.8208
0.3011
0.2027
0.2671
0.7485
0.5541
0.7485
0.1989
10.924
8
0.2061
10.953
8
0.2044
As p value is more than 0.05 the none of the demographic
variables age, gender, occupation, marital status, type of
family, relationship with patient, Duration Providing Care,
Hours Provide Care to the Patient and supporting system shows
the association
Table 4 Association of patient with substance abuse with
selected demographic variables
n=140
4.
Chi Square
Cal. value
df
P value
15.76
12
0.2025
12.084
8
0.1475
5.724
8
0.6781
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International Journal of Recent Scientific Research Vol. 8, Issue, 5, pp. 16920-16922, May, 2017
As p value is more than 0.05, none of the demographic
variables shows the association with findings statistically in
gender 100% is male patients so cannot able find the
association
DISCUSSION
In the present study, show that 34%moderate level depression
and subjects have depression varies from mild to extremely
severe. As a caregiver, may struggle with anxiety or social
isolation. When the negative effects of care giving are
combined, they may actually increase mortality rates in those
care giving. For example, a study of individuals between the
ages of 66 and 96 who cared for their spouses and who reported
caregiver strain found that their mortality risk was 63% higher
than those in a non-care giving control group were
Acknowledgment
The researcher likes to acknowledge the subjects for
participation
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How to cite this article:
Karpagavalli.Nageswaran et al.2017, Level of Depression among Primary Caregivers of Patients With Substance Abuse.
Int J Recent Sci Res. 8(5), pp. 16920-16922. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2017.0805.0245
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