Reference Manual MultiPro Gas Detector

M ultiP ro
G a s D etec to r
R eferenc e M a nua l
GasTech Australia Pty Ltd
24 Baretta Rd
Wangara Western Australia 6065
Tel 1800 999 902
Fax 1800 999 903
http://www.gastech.com.au
MULTIPRO PERSONAL PORTABLE GAS DETECTORS HAVE BEEN
DESIGNED FOR THE DETECTION AND MEASUREMENT OF
POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS
IN ORDER TO ASSURE THAT THE USER IS PROPERLY WARNED OF
POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS, IT IS
ESSENTIAL THAT THE INSTRUCTIONS IN THIS REFERENCE
MANUAL BE READ, FULLY UNDERSTOOD, AND FOLLOWED.
MultiPro
Reference Manual
Part Number 13-278
Version 2.02
Copyright 2008
by
Sperian Instrumentation
Middletown, Connecticut 06457
All rights reserved.
No page or part of this operation manual may be reproduced in any form without written
permission of the copyright owner shown above.
Sperian Instrumentation reserves the right to correct typographical errors.
1
Table of Contents
CERTIFICATION INFORMATION
OPERATING TEMPERATURE
SIGNAL W ORDS
W ARNINGS AND CAUTIONS
1. DESCRIPTION
1.1 Methods of sampling
1.2 Multi-sensor capability
1.3 Calibration
1.4 Alarm logic
1.4.1
Atmospheric hazard alarms
1.4.2
Low battery alarms
1.4.3
Sensor over range alarms.
1.4.4
LEL response failure due to lack of O2 alarm
1.4.5
Security beep/flash
1.4.6
Latching peak alarms
1.4.7
Fault detection
1.5 Other electronic safeguards
1.5.1
Heartbeat
1.6 Sensors
1.7 Optional sample draw pump
1.7.1
Special precautions when using the MultiPro pump
1.8 Data storage
1.8.1
Black box data recorder
1.8.2
Event logger
1.9 MultiPro design components
1.10 MultiPro standard accessories
1.10.1
Alkaline MultiPro detectors
1.10.2
Li-Ion MultiPro detectors
1.11 MultiPro kits
1.11.1
MultiPro Confined Space Kits
1.11.2
MultiPro Value Packs
2. BASIC OPERATIONS
2.1 Turning the MultiPro On
2.1.1
Start up with pump
2.2 Operating Logic
2.3 Turning the MultiPro Off
2.4 Alarms
2.4.1
Warning Alarms
2.4.2
Danger Alarms
2.4.3
STEL Alarms
2.4.4
TWA Alarms
2.4.5
Low battery alarms
2.4.6
Sensor over range alarms
2.4.7
LEL failure due to lack of oxygen alarm
2.5 PC connection via infrared port
2.6 Error Messages
2.7 Contact Cover
3. SAMPLING
3.1 Manual sample draw kit
3.1.1
Manual sample draw kit usage
3.2 Motorized sample draw pump
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3.2.1
Starting the motorized sample pump
3.2.2
Turning off the pump
3.2.3
Pump low flow alarm
3.3 Sample draw probe
4. CALIBRATION
4.1 Functional (Bump) testing
4.2 Fresh Air/Zero Calibration
4.2.1
Fresh air/zero calibration failure
4.2.2
Forced fresh air / zero calibration
4.3 Span Calibration
4.3.1
Span calibration failure: Toxic and LEL sensors
4.3.2
Span calibration failure: Oxygen sensors
5. M AINTENANCE
5.1 Cleaning
5.3 Batteries
5.4 Replacing alkaline batteries
5.5 Maintaining Li-Ion battery packs
5.5.1
Storage guidelines for the Li-Ion versions
5.5.2
Charging guidelines for Li-Ion battery
5.3.3
Charging procedure for Li-Ion battery
5.5.4
Charging with the pump attached.
5.5.5
Battery troubleshooting
5.6 Sensor replacement
5.6.1
Sensor replacement (Not Duo-Tox)
5.6.2
Duo-Tox sensor replacement
5.7 Sample probe assembly
5.7.1
Changing sample probe filters
5.7.2
Changing sample probe tubes (wands)
5.8 MultiPro Pump Maintenance
5.8.1
Replacing pump filters
6. DIRECT PROGRAMMING
6.1 Entering the Advanced Menu
6.2 Set options
6.3 Set time
6.4 Set date
6.5 Set alarms
6.6 Set cal gas
6.7 Set cal due
6.8 Set bump test due
6.9 Setup accept
APPENDICES
Appendix A Toxic gas measurement – Warning, Danger, STEL and TWA alarms
1.
Warning and Danger Alarms
2.
Time Weighted Average (TWA):
3.
Short Term Exposure Limits (STEL):
Appendix B Calibration Frequency Recommendation
Appendix C MultiPro Sensor Information
Appendix D Toxic Sensor Cross-Sensitivity
Appendix E: Basic Parts List
MultiPro Remote Sampling Accessories
MultiPro Sensors
MultiPro Charging & Datalogging Accessories
Appendix F Sperian Instrumentation Standard Gas Detection Warranty
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Certification Information
The MultiPro carries the following certifications:
UL Class I Division 1 Groups A,B,C,D Temp Code T4
UL Class II, Division 1 Groups E,F,G
UL Class III
CSA Class I, Division 1, Groups A,B,C,D Temp Code T4
(Per CSA C22.2 No. 152, only the combustible gas detection portion of this
instrument has been assessed for performance)
ATEX Certification:
II 2 G EEx ia d IIC T4
UL International DEMKO A/S 05 ATEX 0424116X
IECEx Certification:
Ex ia d IIC T4
IECEx UL 07.0003X
Operating Temperature
The MultiPro’s operating temperature range is printed on the label on
the back of the instrument. Use of Sperian Gas Detectors outside of the instrument’s
specified operating temperature range may result in inaccurate and potentially
dangerous readings.
Signal Words
The following signal words, as defined by ANSI Z535.4-1998, are used in
the MultiPro Reference Manual.
indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not
avoided, may result in moderate or minor injury.
CAUTION used without the safety alert symbol indicates a potentially
hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in property damage.
Warnings and Cautions
1.
The MultiPro personal, portable gas detector has been
designed for the detection of dangerous atmospheric conditions. An alarm
condition indicates the presence of a potentially life-threatening hazard and should
be taken very seriously.
In the event of an alarm condition it is important to follow
2.
established procedures. The safest course of action is to immediately leave the
affected area, and to return only after further testing determines that the area is
once again safe for entry. Failure to immediately leave the area may result in
serious injury or death.
The MultiPro must be located in a non-hazardous location
3.
whenever alkaline batteries are removed from the alkaline battery pack.
Removal of the alkaline batteries from the battery pack in a hazardous area may
impair intrinsic safety.
Use only Duracell MN1500 or Ultra MX1500, Eveready Energizer
4.
E91-LR6, Eveready EN91 batteries in the alkaline battery pack. Substitution of
batteries may impair intrinsic safety.
5.
To reduce the risk of explosion, do not mix old or used
batteries with new batteries and do not mix batteries from different manufacturers.
4
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Do not charge the MultiPro with any charger other than the
appropriate MultiPro charger. Standard versions of the MultiPro must be charged
with the UL/CSA-approved charger, which is part number 54-49-103-1. European
versions of the MultiPro must be charged with the ATEX-approved charger, which is
Sperian Instrumentation part number 54-49-103-5.
The MultiPro must be located in a non-hazardous location
during the charging cycle. Charging the MultiPro in a hazardous location may
impair intrinsic safety.
MultiPro rechargeable battery packs are supplied with
Panasonic CGA103450 Lithium-Ion batteries. These batteries are not replaceable by
the user. The rechargeable pack must be obtained from Sperian Instrumentation and
replaced as an assembly.
The accuracy of the MultiPro should be checked periodically
with known concentration calibration gas. Failure to check accuracy can lead to
inaccurate and potentially dangerous readings. (The Canadian Standards
Association (CSA) requires an accuracy check using known concentration
calibration gas prior to each day’s use.)
Fresh air/zero calibrations may only be performed in an
atmosphere that is known to contain 20.9% oxygen, 0.0% LEL and 0 PPM toxic gas.
The accuracy of the MultiPro should be checked immediately
following any known exposure to contaminants by testing with known concentration
test gas before further use. Failure to check accuracy can lead to inaccurate and
potentially dangerous readings.
A sensor that cannot be calibrated or is found to be out of
tolerance should be replaced immediately. An instrument that fails calibration may
not be used until testing with known concentration test gas determines that
accuracy has been restored, and the instrument is once again fit for use.
Do not reset the calibration gas concentration unless you are
using a calibration gas concentration that differs from the one that is normally
supplied by Sperian Instrumentation for use in calibrating the MultiPro.
Customers are strongly urged to use only calibration materials when calibrating the
MultiPro. Use of non-standard calibration gas and/or calibration kit components can
lead to dangerously inaccurate readings and may void the standard Sperian
Instrumentation warranty.
Use of non-standard calibration gas and/or calibration kit
components when calibrating the MultiPro can lead to inaccurate and potentially
dangerous readings and may void the standard Sperian Instrumentation warranty.
Sperian Instrumentation offers calibration kits and long-lasting cylinders of test
gas specifically developed for easy MultiPro calibration. Customers are strongly
urged to use only Sperian Instrumentation calibration materials when calibrating
the MultiPro.
Substitution of components may impair intrinsic safety.
For safety reasons this equipment must be operated and
serviced by qualified personnel only. Read and understand this reference manual
before operating or servicing the MultiPro.
A rapid up-scale reading followed by a declining or erratic
17.
reading may indicate a hazardous combustible gas concentration that exceeds the
MultiPro’s zero to 100 percent LEL detection range.
18.
The MultiPro is not designed for use in oxygen enriched
atmospheres.
19.
Do not use the MultiPro pump for prolonged periods in an
atmosphere containing a concentration of solvent or fuel that may be greater than 10%
LEL.
5
1.
Use of the motorized sample draw pump is
covered in section 3.2.
A detailed description of the MultiPro
probe assembly is given in section 5.7.
Description
The MultiPro is
a multi-sensor
gas detector
that can be
configured to
meet a wide
variety of user
requirements.
This chapter
provides an
overview of many of the features of the
MultiPro. More detailed descriptions of the
specific features of the MultiPro are contained
in the subsequent chapters of this manual.
1.1
1.2
Multi-sensor capability
The MultiPro can be configured to
simultaneously monitor oxygen, carbon
monoxide, hydrogen sulfide and combustible
gases and vapors. All sensors are
replaceable in the field. Each of the MultiPro’s
sensor channels is configured for a specific
type of sensor.
Note: It is necessary to verify the accuracy
of the MultiPro by calibration with known
concentration test gas whenever a change
is made to the sensors installed in the
instrument.
Calibration procedures are discussed in
detail in Chapter 4.
The MultiPro uses electrochemical toxic gas
sensors that have been designed to minimize
the effects of common interfering gases.
These sensors provide accurate, dependable
readings for toxic gases commonly
encountered during confined space entry and
other industrial applications.
Different measurement units are used
depending on the gas being measured.
Methods of sampling
The MultiPro may be
used in either
diffusion or sampledraw mode. In
either mode, the gas
sample must reach
the sensors for the
instrument to
register a gas
reading. The
sensors are located at the bottom of the
instrument. There are three distinct sensor
ports that allow the sample to reach the
individual sensors.
The sensor ports must be
kept free of obstruction. Blocked sensor
ports can lead to inaccurate and
potentially dangerous readings.
In diffusion mode, the atmosphere being
measured reaches the sensors by diffusing
through the vents at the bottom of the
instrument. Normal air movements are
enough to carry the sample to the sensors.
The sensors react quickly to changes in the
concentrations of the gases being measured.
Diffusion-style operation monitors only the
atmosphere that immediately surrounds the
detector.
The MultiPro can also be used to sample
remote locations with the hand-aspirated
sample-draw kit or with the motorized,
continuous sample draw pump (both available
separately). During remote sampling, the gas
sample is drawn into the sensor compartment
through the probe assembly and a length of
tubing. Remote sampling operations only
monitor the atmosphere at the end of the
sample draw probe.
Use of the hand-aspirated sample draw
kits is covered in section 3.1.
Type of Hazard
Oxygen (O2)
Measurement unit
Percentage by
volume
Combustible gas
Percentage of lower
explosive limit
(%LEL)
Carbon Monoxide,
Parts per million
Hydrogen Sulfide
(PPM)
Table 1.2. Units of Measurement.
1.3
Calibration
The MultiPro detector features one-button
fresh air and span calibration.
The accuracy of the
MultiPro should be checked periodically
with known concentration calibration gas.
Failure to check accuracy can lead to
inaccurate and potentially dangerous
readings. (The Canadian Standards
Association (CSA) requires an accuracy
check using known concentration
calibration gas prior to each day’s use.)
Calibration procedures are discussed in
detail in Chapter 4.
Recommended calibration frequency is
discussed in Appendix B.
6
1.4
Alarm logic
may indicate a hazardous combustible gas
concentration that exceeds the MultiPro’s
zero to 100 percent LEL detection range.
MultiPro gas alarms can be adjusted with
BioTrak Software through a PC with an IrDA
port or directly with the MODE button (see
Chapter 6 for direct programming
instructions). Alarms may be set anywhere
within the nominal range of the specific sensor
type. When an alarm set point is exceeded a
loud audible alarm sounds, and the bright red
LED alarm lights flash.
1.4.2 Low battery alarms
The MultiPro may be equipped with either a
rechargeable Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) or an
alkaline battery pack. The MultiPro includes
multi-staged low battery alarms to let the user
know that the battery is running low.
For detailed information concerning the
low battery alarms, see section 2.4.5.
Use only Duracell MN1500
or Ultra MX1500, Eveready Energizer E91LR6, Eveready EN91 batteries.
Substitution of batteries may impair
intrinsic safety.
1.4.1 Atmospheric hazard alarms
The combustible gas alarm is activated when
the percent LEL (Lower Explosive Limit) gas
concentration exceeds any pre-set alarm
level.
Two oxygen alarm set points have been
provided; a danger alarm for low
concentrations associated with oxygen
deficiency and a warning alarm for high
concentrations associated with oxygen
enrichment.
Four alarm set points have been provided for
each toxic gas sensor: Warning, Danger,
STEL (Short Term Exposure Limit) and TWA
(Time Weighted Average).
S
W
D
S
T
E
A
A
T
W
N
R
N
E
A
S
N
G
L
O
I
E
R
N
R
G
CO
35
100
100
35
H2S
10
20
15
10
Default Toxic Sensor Alarm Levels
Appendix A discusses alarm levels and
factory default alarm settings.
MultiPro portable gas
detectors have been designed for the
detection of deficiencies of oxygen,
accumulations of flammable gases and
vapors, and accumulations of specific
toxic gases. An alarm condition indicating
the presence of one or more of these
potentially life-threatening hazards should
be taken very seriously.
In the event of an alarm
condition it is important to follow
established procedures. The safest course
of action is to immediately leave the
affected area, and to return only after
further testing determines that the area is
once again safe for entry. Failure to
immediately leave the area may result in
serious injury or death.
A rapid up-scale reading
followed by a declining or erratic reading
1.4.3 Sensor over range alarms.
The MultiPro will go into alarm if a sensor is
exposed to a concentration of gas that
exceeds its established range. In the case of
an LEL reading that exceeds 100% LEL, the
LEL channel will be automatically disabled by
the instrument and the instrument will remain
in constant alarm until it is turned off, brought
to an area that is known to be safe, and then
turned back on. The display will show “OL” in
place of the sensor reading for any channel
that has gone into over range alarm.
See section 2.4.5 for further details on
sensor over range alarms.
A sensor range chart is provided in
Appendix C.
In the event of an LEL
overrange alarm the MultiPro must be
turned off, brought to an area that is
known to be safe and then turned on again
to reset the alarm.
1.4.4
LEL response failure due to lack of
O2 alarm
The MultiPro features automatic warning
against LEL sensor response failure due to
lack of oxygen. See section 2.4.7 for details.
1.4.5 Security beep/flash
The MultiPro includes a security beep function
that is designed to notify the user that the
instrument is powered up and running. Once
enabled the MultiPro will emit a short audible
beep and give a short flash on the LED at a
user-defined interval. The security beep/flash
function may be enabled and the interval may
be changed with BioTrak software or directly
with the MODE button (see Chapter 6 for
direct programming instructions).
7
1.4.6 Latching peak alarms
The MultiPro’s alarms are self-resetting unless
the alarm latch is enabled. With the MultiPro’s
alarm latch enabled, the audible and visible
alarms will continue to sound after the
atmospheric hazard has cleared. Press the
MODE button to reset the alarms. If the alarm
latch is disabled and the alarm condition is no
longer present, the instrument will
automatically return to normal operation, and
the visible and audible alarms cease without
further input from the user.
Instructions are included with the
replacement sensor.
Replacement sensor part numbers and
sensor ranges are given in Appendix B.
Sensor cross-sensitivity figures are given
in Appendix C.
A sensor that cannot be
calibrated or is found to be out of
tolerance must be replaced immediately.
An instrument that fails calibration may
not be used until testing with known
concentration test gas determines that
accuracy has been restored, and the
instrument is once again fit for use.
Calibration procedures are discussed in
detail in Chapter 4.
1.4.7 Fault detection
MultiPro software includes a number of
additional alarms designed to ensure the
proper operation of the instrument. When the
MultiPro detects that an electronic fault or
failure condition has occurred, the proper
audible and visible alarms are activated and
an explanatory message or message code is
displayed.
The MultiPro is designed
to detect potentially life threatening
atmospheric conditions. Any alarm
condition should be taken seriously. The
safest course of action is to immediately
leave the affected area, and return only
after further testing determines that the
area is once again safe for entry.
1.7
Optional sample draw pump
1.5.1 Heartbeat
At the center of the display is a heart symbol
that will blink every few seconds to show that
the instrument is functioning normally.
A motorized sample-draw pump is available
for the MultiPro for situations requiring
continuous "hands free" remote monitoring.
Use only part number 5449-102 sample draw pump with the
UL/CSA-approved version of the MultiPro.
Use only part number 54-49-102-5 sample
draw pump with the ATEX-approved
version of the MultiPro.
The pump contains a
pressure sensor that
detects restrictions in
airflow caused by water
or other obstructions
being drawn into the
unit and immediately
acts to turn the pump
off in order to protect
the sensors, pump, and
other MultiPro components from damage.
Pump status is continuously monitored by the
MultiPro microprocessor. When the pump is
active and functioning properly, “PUMP” is
displayed near the center of the display. Low
flow or other pump fault conditions activate
audible and visible alarms and cause the
display of the appropriate explanatory
message.
1.6
1.7.1
1.5
Other electronic safeguards
Each time the detector is turned on, the
MultiPro automatically tests the LED alarm
light, audible alarm, internal memory and
pump status (if so equipped). The battery is
monitored continuously for proper voltage.
The MultiPro also monitors the connection of
sensors that are currently installed. The
detection of any electronic faults causes the
activation of the audible and visible alarms
and causes the display of the appropriate
explanatory message.
Sensors
Special precautions when using the
MultiPro pump
The internal material used in the MultiPro’s
pump diaphragm seal is susceptible to
temporary compromise by high levels of
combustible fuels and solvents. If the
MultiPro is being used in an atmosphere that
may contain concentrations of combustible
fuels and solvents that exceed 10% LEL, test
the pump frequently to ensure that the seals
have not been compromised.
The MultiPro can be configured to
simultaneously monitor oxygen, carbon
monoxide, hydrogen sulfide and combustible
gases and vapors. The sensor configuration
of the MultiPro may be specified at the time of
purchase, or changed in the field by
appropriately trained personnel.
Note: A CF Value may be required when
replacing the 54-49-24 CO/H2S sensor.
8
1.8.2 Event logger
The event logger in the MultiPro stores data
associated with alarm conditions. Each
(alarm) event includes the following data for
each of the installed sensors: Sensor type,
Max reading, average reading, start time, end
time and duration of the event. The MultiPro
stores the 20 most recent events. Once 20
events have been stored, the MultiPro will
begin to systematically overwrite the data from
the oldest event in memory with data from
new events. One event may be a combination
of different alarms occurring simultaneously or
in immediate succession. The event logger
may be downloaded using Sperian
Instrumentation’s' BioTrak software. The PC
must be equipped with IrDA to provide a
connection.
To test the pump, block the sample inlet with a
finger. The pump should go into alarm. If the
pump fails to go into alarm while the inlet is
blocked, the pump is not working properly and
the MultiPro may not be providing an accurate
reading. If the pump test fails, the safest
course of action is to immediately leave the
affected area, and return only after further
testing determines that the area is once
again safe for entry.
Do not use the pump for
prolonged periods in an atmosphere
containing a concentration of solvent or
fuel that may be greater than 10% LEL.
1.8
Data storage
The MultiPro includes a black box data
recorder and an event logger as standard
features.
1.9
1.8.1 Black box data recorder
A black box data recorder is a standard
feature in the MultiPro. The “black box” is
continually in operation whether the user is
aware of it or not. The black box stores
important information such as gas readings,
turn-on times, turn-off times, temperatures,
battery conditions, the most recent calibration
date and settings, types of sensors currently
installed, sensor serial numbers, warranty
expiration and service due dates, and current
alarm settings.
There is a finite amount of memory storage
available in the black box data recorder.
Once the memory is “full”, the MultiPro will
begin to write the new data over the oldest
data. The black box data recorder will store
approximately 41 hours of data in one-minute
increments before it begins to write new data
over the oldest data. In this way, the newest
data is always conserved.
To extract the information from the black box
data recorder, the MultiPro must be returned
to Sperian Instrumentation. Once the data is
downloaded from the instrument, a report will
be generated. The instrument and the report
will then be returned to the user. Simply call
Sperian’s Instrument Service Department to
obtain a return authorization number. There is
no charge for the downloading service, but the
user is responsible for any freight charges
incurred.
The “black box” data recorder in the MultiPro
can be upgraded to a fully enabled datalogger
at any time. All that is required is the
activation code that corresponds to the serial
number of the MultiPro.
MultiPro design components
1. Case: The instrument is enclosed in a
solid PC (polycarbonate) case with TPE
(rubber) overmold.
2. Front face: The front face of the
instrument houses the MODE button, LCD
(liquid crystal display), LED alarm light,
IrDA port and audible alarm.
3. Display: A liquid crystal display (LCD)
shows readings, messages, and other
information.
4. Alarm light: A top and front-mounted LED
(light emitting diode) alarm lights provides
a visual indication of alarm state. The
light emits a bright red light when the
instrument is in alarm.
5. Infrared Port: The infrared port is located
next to the MODE button on the front face
of the instrument. The infrared port is
used for communications between the
MultiPro and a PC.
6. On / Off "MODE" button: The large black
push-button on the front of the instrument
is called the "MODE" button. The MODE
button is used to turn the MultiPro on and
off as well as to control most other
operations, including the automatic
calibration adjustment.
7. Sensor compartment cover: The
sensors are located in a vented
compartment at the bottom of the
instrument.
8. Audible alarm port: A cylindrical port
extending through the front of the
instrument just above the display houses
the loud audible alarm. The waterproof
audible alarm seats directly to the rubber
inner-liner to protect the instrument
against leakage or exposure to liquids.
9. Battery pack: Two types of
interchangeable battery packs
9
(rechargeable Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) and
disposable alkaline) are available for use.
Li-Ion battery packs may be recharged
while the pack is installed in the
instrument, or removed from the
instrument for separate recharging.
10. Battery charger connector: A waterresistant connector at the bottom of the
case assembly is used to connect the
MultiPro to the “drop in” style charger.
11. Back surface: A sturdy clip allows the
user to wear the MultiPro on a belt or
other article of clothing.
2.
1.10
To turn the MultiPro on, press and hold the
MODE button for one second. The first
screen shown will be the test screen for the
LCD. All sections should be darkened. The
test screen will be followed by a screen
showing the instrument firmware version. “dL”
will appear in the upper right for instruments
with a fully enabled datalogger.
The MultiPro is a true one-button gas
detector. The MODE button is located on the
front of the instrument and controls all fieldlevel operations including the following
• Turning the MultiPro on and off
• Turning on the backlight
• Viewing the MAX, STEL and TWA reading
screens
• Initiating the calibration sequence
2.1 Turning the MultiPro On
MultiPro standard accessories
Standard accessories included with every
MultiPro include calibration adapter, additional
tubing for use during calibration, reference
manual and quick reference card.
The optional manual sample draw kit consists
of a sample draw / calibration adapter,
squeeze bulb, standard sample probe,
replacement sample probe filters, and ten feet
of tubing. The sample probe itself is also
available separately.
Standard configurations of the MultiPro are
delivered in a cardboard box with cardboard
inserts.
→
The sensor screen and instrument serial
number screen will then be shown.
1.10.1 Alkaline MultiPro detectors
If the MultiPro has been purchased as an
alkaline instrument, the standard accessories
include a set of 3 disposable AA alkaline
batteries.
→
1.10.2 Li-Ion MultiPro detectors
If the MultiPro has been purchased as a Li-Ion
rechargeable instrument, the standard
accessories include Li-Ion battery pack and a
slip-in MultiPro charger.
1.11
Basic Operations
If the MultiPro is equipped with a fully enabled
datalogger, the following screen will be
shown. The time figure in the upper right
corner indicates the sampling interval in
minutes and seconds. Instruments without a
fully enabled datalogger will show display “not
a datalog”
MultiPro kits
MultiPro detectors may also be purchased as
part of a complete kit that includes calibration
gas, fixed-flow regulator and a hard-shell
carrying case.
or
1.11.1 MultiPro Confined Space Kits
In addition to the standard accessories listed
above, Confined Space Kits also include
calibration fittings, fixed-flow regulator with
pressure gauge, and appropriate large
cylinder of calibration gas in a foam-lined,
waterproof hard-shell carrying case.
In the MultiPro, the standard one-minute
sampling interval will result in the ability to
store a minimum of 41 hours of readings
before the oldest data is overwritten by new
data. The sampling interval may be modified
using BioTrak Software.
The time will then be shown followed by the
date:
1.11.2 MultiPro Value Packs
MultiPro Value Packs include an alkaline
MultiPro, all standard accessories, calibration
fittings, small cylinder(s) of calibration gas,
and fixed flow regulator in a foam-lined nonwaterproof hard-shell carrying case.
10
→
or
If the Bump Test Interval setting is enabled,
the bump interval screen will be shown. The
bump due status will be shown in days or
hours.
Note: The Bump Test Interval and bump
test due reminder are used exclusively
with the MultiPro IQ Express Dock.
The instrument will display “Self Test” as it
performs operational checks. During the selftest, the MultiPro tests for installed sensors,
performs a system memory check and tests to
see if a motorized pump is attached to the
instrument. If a pump is detected, it will be
briefly activated during the self-test. For
details on start up procedures for MultiPro
instruments equipped with a pump see section
2.1.1 below.
For instructions on changing the time and
date with the MODE button, see section 6
below.
The instrument temperature will then be
shown.
or
Following the calibration status screens, the
MultiPro will proceed to the current gas
readings screen.
→
2.1.1 Start up with pump
MultiPro instruments that are equipped with a
built-in motorized sample draw pump will have
a slightly longer start up sequence. After the
calibration status screens, the MultiPro will
prompt you to test the pump for leaks.
Note: The sample probe assembly must
be attached when the pump is started.
The warning alarm levels screen will then be
shown followed by the danger, STEL and
TWA alarm levels screens.
→
→
Block the sampling inlet by placing a finger
over the end of the sample probe assembly.
Once the MultiPro
recognizes that the test is
passed, it will instruct you to
remove the blockage.
Once the blockage is
removed, the MultiPro will
proceed to the current gas
readings screen.
If the instrument is unable to detect the
vacuum resulting from the pump blockage, the
test will fail and you will be directed to remove
the pump.
→
For more information concerning STEL
and TWA alarms, see sections 2.4.3 and
2.4.4.
After the alarm screens, the calibration due
screen will be shown with the number of days
until the next calibration. The instrument will
then proceed to the current gas readings
screen. If calibration is due, “Cal due now”
will be shown followed by “needs cal”. The
user will need to acknowledge the message
by pressing the MODE button. Once the
MODE button is pressed, the MultiPro will
continue to the current gas readings screen
and the appropriate calibration due icon will
blink every 5 seconds to remind the use that
the instrument is past due for calibration.
↔
11
For information concerning proper attachment
of the sample probe assembly to pumpequipped MultiPro instruments, see section
3.1.
Battery charge greater than
80%
Battery charge between 50%
and 80%
Battery charge between 25%
and 50%
2.2 Operating Logic
Once the MultiPro has
completed the start up
sequence, the current gas
readings screen will be
shown. At the center of the
display is a heartbeat that
will “beat” every few
seconds to show that the
instrument is functioning
normally.
If the MultiPro is due for
fresh air/zero calibration, the
“0-Cal” will flash on the LCD
once every 5 seconds as a
reminder. If the MultiPro is
due for span calibration, the
calibration bottle icon will be
shown. Both “0-Cal” and the
calibration bottle icon will be
shown if the instrument is
due for both span and fresh
air calibration.
If a sensor is not detected in one of the sensor
channels during start up, the reading in the
designated sensor channel will appear blank.
If a complete sensor failure occurs while the
instrument is turned off, the instrument may
operate as if the sensor is not present in the
instrument. In the example at right, the LEL
sensor has not been
detected and a reading is
not shown. The MultiPro™
only detects those
substances that appear in
the current gas readings
screen during the current
operating session.
: Always verify that all
sensors present in the instrument are
shown on the current gas readings screen
whenever the MultiProTM is turned on.
Failure to verify sensor presence prior to
use in a hazardous location may result in
serious injury or death.
If the MultiPro recognizes that the pump is
attached, “Pump” will be displayed in the
current gas readings screen
The battery icon gives an indication of how
much power is left in the battery. The
illustration below shows the stages of the
battery from full to empty (top to bottom).
Battery charge less than
25%
To turn on the backlight press the MODE
button once. To view the MAX readings
screen, press the MODE button a second
time. Press the MODE button a third time to
view the Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL)
readings. Press the MODE button again to
view the Time Weighted Averages (TWA) for
the operating session.
Note: The MultiPro must be in continuous
operation for at least 15 minutes before it
will be able to calculate the TWA values.
For the first 15 minutes of any operating
session, the screen will show the length of
time that the instrument has been
operating instead of the TWA values.
2.3 Turning the MultiPro Off
To turn the MultiPro off, press and hold the
MODE button until the display reads “Release
Button”. Once the MODE button is released
“Please wait” will be shown briefly and the
display will go blank.
→
2.4
Alarms
The MultiPro is configured with a series of
alarms that are designed to warn the user of
dangerous conditions.
The MultiPro is designed
to detect potentially life threatening
atmospheric conditions. Any alarm
condition should be taken seriously. The
safest course of action is to immediately
leave the affected area, and return only
after further testing determines that the
area is once again safe for entry.
2.4.1 Warning Alarms
A Warning Alarm indicates
a dangerous atmospheric
condition that has not yet
risen to a level necessary
to initiate the danger
alarms. Warning alarm
levels are shown during
12
the start up sequence.
Warning alarms can be temporarily silenced
by pressing the MODE button if this option is
enabled with BioTrak.
to acknowledge the low battery condition by
pressing the MODE button before the
instrument will resume monitoring. Once the
MODE button is pressed, the empty battery
cell and the caution icon will flash. After 15
minutes the warning will sound again to
indicate that there are now only 15 minutes of
battery life left. Once the second 15-minute
period has elapsed or once the battery voltage
reaches 3.2 volts, the instrument will go into
alarm for the last time, notify the user that it is
shutting itself down and proceed to turn itself
off.
Alkaline battery replacement and Li-Ion
battery charging instructions are
contained in section 5.4 and 5.5.
The MultiPro must be
located in a non-hazardous location
during the charging cycle. Charging the
MultiPro in a hazardous location may
impair intrinsic safety.
The MultiPro must be
located in a non-hazardous location
whenever alkaline batteries are removed
from the alkaline battery pack. Removal
of the alkaline batteries from the battery
pack in a hazardous area may impair
intrinsic safety.
CAUTION Always turn the MultiPro off
prior to removing the battery pack.
Removal of the battery pack with the
instrument turned on may cause
corruption of stored data in the MultiPro.
2.4.2 Danger Alarms
A Danger Alarm indicates
a significantly hazardous
condition. As is the case
with the warning alarms,
the danger alarm levels
are shown in the start up
sequence.
2.4.3 STEL Alarms
STEL (Short Term
Exposure Limit) alarm
values represent the
average concentration of
instrument readings for the
target gas for the most
recently completed 15 minutes of operation.
The default STEL alarm level for the MultiPro
CO sensor is 100PPM. The default STEL
alarm value for the MultiPro H2S sensor is
15PPM.
2.4.4 TWA Alarms
TWA (Time Weighted
Average) values are
calculated by taking the
sum of exposure to a
particular toxic gas in the
current operating session
in terms of parts-per-million-hours and dividing
by an eight-hour period. The default TWA
alarm level for the MultiPro CO sensor is
35PPM. The default TWA alarm value for the
MultiPro H2S sensor is 10PPM.
2.4.6 Sensor over range alarms
The MultiPro will go into alarm if a sensor is
exposed to a concentration of gas that
exceeds its established range. In the case of
an LEL reading that exceeds 100% LEL, the
LEL channel will be automatically disabled by
the instrument and the alarm will latch (remain
on) until the instrument is turned off. The
MultiPro must be turned off, brought to an
area that is known to be safe (containing
20.9% oxygen, 0% LEL and 0 PPM toxic
gases), and then turned back on. The display
will show “---“ and “OL” alternately in place of
the sensor reading for any channel that has
gone into over range alarm.
2.4.5 Low battery alarms
When battery voltage is
reduced to approximately
3.55 volts, the battery icon
on the LCD will appear empty, which means
that a low battery condition exists.
If the battery icon is empty, leave the area
immediately. If the MultiPro is equipped with
an alkaline battery pack, proceed to an area
that is known to be safe (containing fresh air
with no contaminants and no combustible
gases) and change the batteries. If the
MultiPro is equipped with a Li-Ion battery
pack, proceed to an area that is known to be
safe and recharge the battery pack.
Once the battery voltage reaches 3.45 volts
the MultiPro will go into a 30-minute battery
alarm. The warning alarm will sound and the
screen will display “Lo-Bat”, along with the
warning and alarm icons. The user will need
→
A combustible sensor
overrange alarm indicates a potentially
explosive atmosphere. Failure to leave the
13
area immediately may result in serious
injury or death!
In the event of an LEL
overrange alarm the MultiPro must be
turned off, brought to an area that is
known to be safe (containing 20.9%
oxygen, 0% LEL and 0 PPM toxic gases),
and then turned on again to reset the
alarm.
2.4.7
LEL failure due to lack of oxygen
alarm
The LEL sensor in the MultiPro requires a
certain amount of oxygen to function properly.
When oxygen levels fall below 11% by
volume, the MultiPro will show “---“ in place of
the LEL reading and display “O2”, “too” and
“Lo” in successive screens in the location
typically used for the LEL reading.
Note: For further instructions concerning
the download procedure for the MultiPro,
see the BioTrak or IQ System manual as
appropriate.
2.6
Error Messages
The MultiPro will display error messages
when it detects certain problems during
operation.
→
MULTIPRO Error definitions
Error
Unit Memory Bad
O2 Memory Bad
LEL Memory Bad
CO Memory Bad
H2S Memory Bad
DataloggerMemory
Bad
Invalid Memory Type
No Sensors Installed
Bad Temp Sensor
Bad Vibrating Alarm
→
2.5
PC connection via infrared port
MultiPro instruments that
are equipped with a fully
enabled datalogger can be
downloaded to a PC using
BioTrak or IQ software
through the MultiPro’s
infrared port. For the
location of the infrared port, see the illustration
below.
1. With the MultiPro turned off, hold the
MODE button down until four beeps are
heard. Depending on the software
version, this will normally take between 10
and 20 seconds. “PC Connect” will be
shown once the infrared port has been
activated.
Display Number
003
004
005
006
007
008
009
010
012
014
If the MultiPro displays an error message,
contact Sperian Instrumentation for further
instructions.
2.7
Contact Cover
ATEX and IECEx versions of the MultiPro are
shipped with a clear red plastic contact cover
that should be installed over the charging and
pump contacts when the MultiPro is in use
without the pump.
2. Align the infrared port on the MultiPro with
the PC’s infrared port to complete the
connection.
Note: This applies to European and
Australian versions only. The contact
cover is not required to meet the UL and
CSA standards.
14
3.
Sampling
in the sample draw kit components, the
bulb should stay deflated for a few
seconds.
3. Secure the calibration adapter (with the
sample draw assembly attached) to the
MultiPro by inserting the tab and
tightening the knurled screw into the brass
nut at the bottom of the adapter.
4. Insert the end of the sample probe into the
location to be sampled.
5. Squeeze the aspirator bulb to draw the
sample from the remote location to the
sensor compartment.
To ensure accurate readings while
using the manual sample draw kit, it is
necessary to squeeze the bulb once for
every one foot of sampling hose for the
sample to first reach the sensors, and
then to continue squeezing the bulb
once per second for an additional 45
seconds or until readings stabilize. As
an example, if 10 feet of tubing is used,
it will be necessary to draw the sample
in by squeezing the bulb continuously
for a minimum of 55 seconds or until
readings stabilize.
6. Note the gas measurement readings.
CAUTION: Hand-aspirated remote
sampling only provides continuous gas
readings for the area in which the probe is
located while the bulb is being
continuously squeezed. Each time a
reading is desired, it is necessary to
squeeze the bulb a sufficient number of
times to bring a fresh sample to the sensor
compartment.
The MultiPro may be used in either diffusion
or sample-draw mode. In either mode, the
gas sample must reach the sensors for the
instrument to register a gas reading. The
sensors are
located at the
bottom of the
instrument.
The sensor ports
must be kept free
of obstruction.
Blocked sensor
ports can lead to
inaccurate and
potentially dangerous readings.
In diffusion mode, the atmosphere being
measured reaches the sensors by diffusing
through vents in the bottom of the instrument.
Normal air movements are enough to carry
the sample to the sensors. The sensors react
quickly to changes in the concentrations of the
gases being measured. Diffusion-style
operation monitors only the atmosphere that
immediately surrounds the detector.
The MultiPro can also be used to sample
remote locations with either the handaspirated sample-draw kit, or with the
motorized sample draw pump. During remote
sampling, the gas sample is drawn into the
sensor compartment through the probe
assembly and a length of tubing.
3.1
Manual sample draw kit
The manual sample draw kit is comprised of a
sample draw probe, 2 sections of tubing, a
squeeze bulb and an adapter that is used to
connect the sample draw accessories system
to the MultiPro.
Note: The maximum amount of tubing that
can be used with the manual sample draw
kit is 50 feet.
3.2
Motorized sample draw pump
Use only part number 5449-102 sample draw pump with the
MultiPro.
A motorized sample-draw pump is available
for the MultiPro for situations requiring
continuous "hands free" remote monitoring.
Use of the motorized sample draw pump
allows the MultiPro to continuously monitor
remote locations. The pump is powered by
the MultiPro battery. When the pump is
attached to the instrument, “PUMP” will be
shown on the display in the current gas
readings screen.
Note: The maximum amount of tubing that
can be used with the motorized sample
draw pump is 50 feet.
To ensure accurate readings while using
the continuous sample pump, it is
necessary to allow the pump to draw the
sample for one second for every one foot
3.1.1 Manual sample draw kit usage
To use the manual sample draw kit:
1. Connect the short section of hose that
comes off the squeeze bulb to the sample
draw adapter.
2. Test the seals in
the sample draw
system. First cover
the end of the
sample draw probe
with a finger, then
squeeze the
aspirator bulb. If
there are no leaks
15
of sampling hose plus an additional 45
seconds or until readings stabilize. For
example, with 10’ of tubing, it will be
necessary to allow a minimum of 55
seconds for the sample to be drawn into
the sensor chamber and for the readings
to stabilize.
MultiPro instruments are
designed to automatically
recognize the pump
whenever it is attached to
the instrument. If the
pump is attached when
the MultiPro is turned off,
the instrument will automatically initiate the
pump start up sequence when the instrument
is turned on. If the pump is attached while the
instrument is running, the MultiPro will
automatically initiate the pump test sequence
before returning to the current gas readings
screen.
→
If the instrument is unable to detect the
vacuum resulting from the pump blockage
within 30 seconds, the test will fail, the
instrument will go into alarm and you will be
directed to remove the pump.
↔
Remove the pump and press the MODE
button to resume diffusion operation.
3.2.2 Turning off the pump
To turn off the pump, simply remove the pump
from the instrument.
3.2.1
Starting the motorized sample
pump
First attach the
probe and tubing
to the pump,
then secure the
pump (with the
sample draw
assembly
attached) to the
MultiPro by
inserting the tab
and tightening the knurled screw on the pump
into the instrument casing.
Note: The sample probe assembly must
be attached to the pump when the pump is
attached to the instrument.
Once the pump is recognized, the pump test
sequence will be initiated automatically.
3.2.3 Pump low flow alarm
The MultiPro contains a pressure sensor that
continuously monitors for restrictions in airflow
caused by water or other fluids being drawn
into the unit and immediately acts to turn the
pump off in order to protect the sensors,
pump, and other MultiPro components from
damage.
CAUTION: Never perform remote
sampling with the MultiPro without the
sample probe assembly. The sample
probe handle contains replaceable filters
designed to block moisture and remove
particulate contaminants. If the pump is
operated without the probe assembly in
place, contaminants may cause damage
to the pump, sensors and internal
components of the MultiPro
When the pump is active and functioning
properly, “PUMP” is displayed near the center
of the LCD display. Low flow or other pump
fault conditions activate audible and visible
alarms and cause the display of the
appropriate explanatory message.
The pressure sensor in the sample draw
pump is designed to detect pressure changes
while the sample-draw probe is being held in a
vertical position. If the probe is held
horizontally or at a low angle while inserted
into a fluid, a pressure drop sufficient to cause
the pump to shut down may not be generated,
and water could be drawn into the pump
assembly causing damage to the pump,
→
Block the sampling inlet by placing a finger
over the end of the sample probe assembly.
Once the blockage is detected, the MultiPro
will indicate that the test has been passed and
instruct you to remove the blockage. Once
the blockage is removed, it will proceed to the
current gas readings screen.
16
sensors and internal components of the
MultiPro.
CAUTION: Insertion of the sample draw
tube into a fluid horizontally or at a low
angle may lead to water ingress and may
cause damage to the sensors and internal
components of the MultiPro.
If the MultiPro determines that a significant
pressure change has occurred, it will go into
alarm and notify the user that there is a
blockage of the pump. The display will
alternate between the following two screens.
Calibration should be performed as described
in section 4.2.
If exposure to a known concentration
calibration gas (as described in section 4.1)
shows that LEL or toxic sensor readings are
not between 90%** and 120% of the value
given on the calibration gas cylinder, then the
Span Calibration should be performed as
described in section 4.3.
The Canadian
**
Standards Association (CSA) requires the
instrument to undergo calibration when
the displayed value during a bump test
fails to fall between 100% and 120% of the
expected value for the gas.
For Sperian Instrumentation’s official
recommendations concerning calibration
frequency, see Appendix B.
↔
Remove the blockage and press the MODE
button to acknowledge the alarm and resume
sampling.
3.3
4.1
The accuracy of the MultiPro may be verified
at any time by a simple functional (bump) test.
To perform a functional (bump) test, do the
following:
1. Turn the MultiPro on and wait at least
three minutes to allow the readings to fully
stabilize. If any of the sensors have just
been replaced, the new sensor(s) must be
allowed to stabilize prior to use. See
section 5.6 for further details on sensor
stabilization requirements.
2. Make sure the instrument is located in
fresh air.
Sample draw probe
The MultiPro’s sample draw probe is the
standard probe assembly from Sperian
Instrumentation. The sample probe handle
contains moisture barrier and particulate filters
designed to remove contaminants that might
otherwise harm the instrument.
Particulate contaminants are removed by
means of a cellulose filter. The hydrophobic
filter includes a Teflon™ barrier which blocks
the flow of moisture as well as any remaining
particulate contaminants.
Sample probe filters should be replaced
whenever visibly discolored due to
contamination.
See section 5.7.1 for a probe diagram and
a list of available sample probe filter
replacement kits.
4.
Functional (Bump) testing
Calibration
The accuracy of the MultiPro should be
verified on a regular basis*. Verification can
be as simple as performing a bump test,
which is described below in section 4.1.
The Canadian
*
Standards Association (CSA) requires the
LEL sensor to be bump tested prior to
each day’s use with calibration gas
containing between 25% and 50% LEL.
The functional (bump) test procedure is
covered in section 4.1.
If exposure to fresh air yields an oxygen
reading of less than 20.7% or greater than
21.1% or a toxic or LEL sensor reading of
anything other than 0, then a Fresh Air/Zero
Figure 4.1 Bump Test / Span Calibration
set up
3. Verify that the current gas readings match
the concentrations present in fresh air.
The oxygen (O2) sensor should read
20.9% (+/-0.2% vol.). The readings for
the LEL sensor should be 0% LEL and
toxic sensors should read 0 or 0.0 partsper-million (PPM) in fresh air. If the
readings deviate from the expected levels
in a fresh air environment, proceed to
section 4.2 and perform the fresh air
17
calibration adjustment then proceed to
step 4.
4. Attach the calibration adapter and connect
the calibration cylinder to the MultiPro as
shown in figure 4.1. Flow gas to the
sensors.
5. Wait for the readings to stabilize. (Fortyfive seconds to one minute is usually
sufficient.)
6. Note the readings. Toxic and LEL sensor
readings are considered accurate in a
bump test if they are between 90%* and
120% of the expected reading as given on
the calibration cylinder. If the readings are
considered accurate, then the instrument
may be used without further adjustment.
If toxic or LEL readings do not fall within
90%* and 120% of the expected reading
as given on the calibration cylinder, then
the readings are considered inaccurate. If
readings are considered inaccurate,
proceed to section 4.3 and perform the
span calibration.
The Canadian Standards
*
Association (CSA) requires the instrument
to undergo calibration when the displayed
value during a bump test fails to fall
between 100% and 120% of the expected
value for the gas.
Sperian Instrumentation’s multi-calibration
gas mixtures contain approximately 18%
oxygen. During the bump test the oxygen
sensor should read within +/-0.5%
(absolute) of the level given on the
calibration cylinder.
4.2
when the MultiPro alternates between the
following two screens:
↔
2. The fresh air/zero calibration is complete
when the instrument begins another 5second countdown for the span
calibration. If span calibration is not
required, allow the countdown to reach 0
without pressing the MODE button.
4.2.1 Fresh air/zero calibration failure
In the event of a fresh
air/zero calibration failure,
the alarms will be
activated and the
instrument will display the
following screen. Note
that the sensor(s) that fail
the zero calibration are shown (in this case,
CO)
After 3 seconds, the MultiPro will return to the
current gas readings screen and the visual
and audible alarms will cease.
When fresh air/zero
calibration is due, the
MultiPro’s display will
show the warning symbol
while intermittently
displaying the 0-CAL icon
in the gas readings screen
until a successful fresh air calibration is
performed. If a specific sensor has failed the
fresh air/zero calibration, it will be displayed
with the 0-Cal icon.
If a successful fresh air / zero calibration is not
performed prior to instrument shut down, the
MultiPro will show that Fresh Air Calibration is
due during instrument start up.
Possible causes and solutions
1. The atmosphere in which the instrument is
located is contaminated (or was
contaminated at the time the instrument
was last fresh air calibrated.
2. A new sensor has just been installed.
3. Instrument has been dropped or banged
since last turned on.
4. There has been a significant change in
temperature since the instrument was last
used.
Recommended action:
Take the instrument to fresh air and allow
readings to stabilize. Perform the fresh
air/zero adjustment again. If the manual fresh
Fresh Air/Zero Calibration
Fresh air/zero
calibrations may only be performed in an
atmosphere that is known to contain 20.9%
oxygen, 0% LEL and 0 PPM toxic gas.
To initiate the fresh air/zero calibration:
1. Press the MODE button three times within
two seconds to begin the fresh air/zero
calibration sequence. The MultiPro will
briefly display AUTO CAL and then begin
a 5-second countdown.
→
2. Press the MODE button before the end of
the 5-second countdown to begin the
fresh air/zero calibration. The fresh
air/zero calibration has been initiated
18
air/zero procedure fails to correct the problem,
perform the manual fresh air / zero calibration
procedure as described in section 4.2.2
below.
↔
4.2.2 Forced fresh air / zero calibration
The MultiPro includes safeguards to prevent
fresh air calibration in contaminated
environments. If the standard fresh air / zero
calibration fails a second time, the instrument
may be “forced” to accept the fresh air
calibration by performing the manual fresh air
/ zero calibration.
Fresh air/zero
calibrations may only be performed in an
atmosphere that is known to contain 20.9%
oxygen, 0.0% LEL and 0 PPM toxic gas.
1. Initiate the standard
fresh air / zero
calibration sequence
by pressing the
MODE button three
times in rapid
succession. The 5second countdown will begin.
2. Press the MODE button before the end of
the 5-second countdown and continue to
hold the MODE button. As in the
standard fresh air /zero calibration, the
MultiPro will alternate between the
following two screens:
Note: Sperian Instrumentation
recommends the use of multi-component
calibration gas for calibrating the MultiPro.
Apply calibration gas as shown above in figure
4.1. The readout will change to a numerical
display almost immediately and will continue
to display the current readings.
The actual calibration of
the oxygen sensor to
20.9% occurs during the
fresh air calibration, but
the oxygen sensor is
tested for response to
diminished oxygen levels
during span calibration. Sperian
Instrumentation calibration gas cylinders
typically contain approximately 18.0% oxygen.
In order to pass the span calibration, the
instrument must register an oxygen reading
below 19.5% during span calibration.
See section 4.3.2 below if the oxygen sensor
does not detect the drop in oxygen level and
fails the span calibration.
The calibration is fully automatic from this
point on. Upon successful calibration of a
sensor, the MultiVision will beep, show the
adjusted reading for the calibrated sensor and
then move on to the next sensor.
↔
→
3. The fresh air/zero calibration is complete
when the instrument begins another 5second countdown for the span
calibration. If span calibration is not
required, allow the countdown to reach 0
without pressing the MODE button.
If the MultiPro still fails to calibrate after
attempting to force the fresh air / zero
calibration, contact Sperian Instrumentation.
4.3
Once the calibration of all sensors is
successfully completed, the MultiPro will
briefly show the maximum adjustment values
screen.
The maximum adjustment
values for the LEL and
toxic sensors give an
indication of the remaining
sensitivity of the sensors.
As sensitivity decreases,
the maximum possible
adjustment will decrease to approach the
expected concentration of the calibration gas.
Note: Once the calibration cycle is
completed, the MultiPro will automatically
turn itself off. Disconnect the calibration
assembly prior to turning the instrument
back on.
Span Calibration
Once the fresh air / zero calibration has been
successfully completed, the MultiPro will
automatically proceed to the automatic span
calibration countdown screen.
Press the MODE button before the countdown
is complete to initiate the span calibration.
The screen will immediately show “APPLY
GAS” and then list the sensors for calibration
and the expected levels of calibration gas.
19
4.3.1
Span calibration failure: Toxic and
LEL sensors
When there is a span calibration failure, the
display will show CAL Error and display the
sensor that has failed calibration.
6. Instrument problem. Return the
instrument to Sperian Instrumentation.
Call the phone number on the front of this
manual.
4.3.2
Span calibration failure: Oxygen
sensors
Sperian Instrumentation’s multi calibration gas
cylinders contain approximately 18.0%
oxygen. The reduced oxygen level in the
calibration gas cylinder allows the oxygen
sensor’s response to be tested in the same
manner as the toxic and LEL sensors.
If the O2 sensor fails to register a reading
below 19.5% during the span calibration, the
display will show O2 Too
Low followed by the O2
CAL Error screen
immediately after the
failed calibration attempt.
Press MODE to
acknowledge the warning
and turn the instrument off.
If the oxygen sensor fails to register the drop
in oxygen during the span calibration while
being challenged with calibration gas
containing less than 19.0% oxygen, it should
be considered out of tolerance and retired
from service immediately.
A sensor that cannot be
calibrated or is found to be out of
tolerance should be replaced immediately.
An instrument that fails calibration may
not be used until testing with known
concentration test gas determines that
accuracy has been restored, and the
instrument is once again fit for use.
Possible causes and remedies for oxygen
sensor failure:
1. Calibration gas cylinder does not contain a
reduced level of oxygen. Verify that the
cylinder contains less than 19.0% oxygen.
To challenge the oxygen sensor without
calibration gas, hold you breath of about
10 seconds (or more), and then slowly
exhale directly onto the face of the sensor
(in the same way you would attempt to fog
up a piece of glass). If the descending
oxygen alarm is set to 19.5%, the
instrument should go into alarm after a
few seconds.
2. Oxygen sensor has just been replaced
and has not had time to stabilize.
3. Oxygen sensor failure.
↔
If the instrument fails to
recognize the correct type
or concentration of
calibration gas, it will show
“no GAS”.
When span calibration is
due, the MultiPro’s display
will show the warning symbol while
intermittently displaying the calibration bottle
in the gas readings screen.
The MultiPro will also display a “Needs Cal”
message for any sensors that are currently
due for calibration during instrument start-up.
Possible causes of span calibration failure
and remedies:
1. Empty calibration gas cylinder. Verify that
there is calibration gas in the cylinder.
2. Expired calibration gas cylinder. Verify
that the expiration date on the cylinder has
not passed.
3. Calibration gas setting does not
correspond to calibration gas
concentration. The default calibration gas
settings are 50% LEL, 50PPM CO and
25PPM H2S. If the values on the
calibration cylinder are different from the
instrument’s calibration gas settings, the
MultiPro’s calibration gas settings must be
changed to match the new values.
Calibration gas values can be changed
with the MultiPro programming software
(available separately) or by accessing the
setup menus with the MODE button as
discussed in section 6.6 below.
4. LEL only: Type of calibration gas
(standard) has changed significantly. LEL
calibration gas may be based on several
different response standards, methane,
propane and pentane are the most
common. If using a new cylinder of
calibration gas, make sure that the type
and amount of combustible gas is identical
to that of the previous bottle. Sperian
Instrumentation offers calibration gases in
Methane, Propane Equivalent and
Pentane Equivalent.
5. Dead sensor. Replace sensor.
5.
Maintenance
To prevent ignition of
flammable or combustible atmospheres,
20
5.4
disconnect power before servicing any
parts in the MultiPro.
5.1
The alkaline battery pack contains three AA
alkaline batteries.
The MultiPro must be
located in a non-hazardous location
whenever alkaline batteries are removed
from the alkaline battery pack. Removal
of the alkaline batteries from the battery
pack in a hazardous area may impair
intrinsic safety.
Use only Duracell MN1500
or Ultra MX1500, Eveready Energizer E91LR6, Eveready EN91 batteries.
Substitution of batteries may impair
intrinsic safety.
To replace the alkaline batteries:
1. Remove the battery pack
from the MultiPro as
discussed in above in
section 5.3.
2. Remove the three alkaline
batteries and replace them.
Be sure to align the positive
and negative ends in
accordance with the
diagram under each
battery.
3. Reinstall the back cover plate that was
removed in step 2.
4. Return the battery pack to the MultiPro
and re-tighten the top center screw. The
MultiPro will automatically turn itself on
once the battery pack is reinstalled.
Cleaning
The exterior surfaces of the MultiPro may be
cleaned using a damp cloth only. Do not use
cleaning agents of any kind. The introduction
of cleaning agents to the detector may affect
instrument functionality.
5.2
Storage
MultiPro detectors may be stored for long
periods in a fresh air environment at
temperatures between 10°C/50°F and
30°C/86°F.
See section 5.5.1 for specific instructions
concerning the storage of rechargeable / LiIon versions of the MultiPro.
5.3
Replacing alkaline batteries
Batteries
The MultiPro is powered by interchangeable
alkaline and Li-Ion rechargeable battery
packs.
Note: The calibration adapter or sample
draw adapter must be removed from the
MultiPro prior to removing the battery
pack.
To remove the battery pack first loosen the
top center screw on the back of the
instrument, then gently pry the two clasps at
the top of the instrument open while
simultaneously pulling the back cover plate
away from the main instrument housing.
Since the battery pack is housed in the back
cover plate, this will automatically disconnect
power from the instrument.
5.5
Maintaining Li-Ion battery
packs
The MultiPro may be equipped with a
rechargeable Li-Ion (Lithium Ion) battery pack.
5.5.1
Storage guidelines for the Li-Ion
versions
Rechargeable batteries gradually lose their
charge when not being used and may suffer
irreversible damage if the battery reaches and
remains in a state of complete discharge.
Sperian recommends fully charging the
MultiPro Li-Ion battery at two-month intervals
during storage to prevent damage to the
battery. Rechargeable versions of MultiPro
may also be stored for long periods of time on
a powered MultiPro charger with no ill effects.
Storage of Li-Ion batteries at temperatures
above 30C/86F may damage the internal
components of the battery and lead to
reduced battery capacity and voltage.
Note: Center screw on ATEX / European
version is slightly different.
CAUTION Always turn the MultiPro off
prior to removing the battery pack.
Removal of the battery pack with the
instrument turned on may cause
corruption of stored data in the MultiPro.
21
5.5.2
Charging guidelines for Li-Ion
battery
The Li-Ion battery in the MultiPro should never
be charged at temperatures lower than 5
degrees Celsius (40 degrees Fahrenheit) or
higher than 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees
Fahrenheit. Charging at temperature
extremes can permanently damage the
MultiPro Li-Ion battery.
The MultiPro must be
located in a non-hazardous location
during the charging cycle. Charging the
MultiPro in a hazardous location may
impair intrinsic safety.
Once the spacer has been inserted, the
MultiPro with pump may be charged according
to the instruction given in section 5.5.3 above.
5.5.5 Battery troubleshooting
If the green “Charge” LED on the charger fails
to light when the MultiPro with Li-Ion battery
pack is placed in the charger, remove the
instrument from the charger and press the
MODE button to attempt to start the
instrument.
If the battery has been inserted into the
charger without the instrument, return it to the
instrument prior to attempting the restart.
1. If the MultiPro starts and the battery icon
shows all three bars, then the battery is
fully charged and may be used. In this
case, the charger has recognized that the
battery is charged and will not charge it
any further.
2. If the MultiPro fails to turn on, then the
battery may be severely discharged and
should be returned to the charger. The
charger will then begin a very slow
recharge in order to protect the battery.
The green “Charge” LED may not be lit
during the first four hours of the slow
recharge. If the “Charge” LED has still not
been lit after four hours, the battery pack
or charger is probably damaged.
3. If the MultiPro starts and any battery level
other than full is indicated, then either the
battery is damaged or the charger is
damaged. Call Sperian Instrumentation
for further instructions.
5.3.3
Charging procedure for Li-Ion
battery
Do not charge the
MultiPro with any charger other than the
appropriate MultiPro charger. Standard
versions of the MultiPro must be charged
with the UL/CSA-approved charger, which
is part number 54-49-103-1. European
versions of the MultiPro must be charged
with the ATEX-approved charger, which is
part number 54-49-103-5.
1. Verify that the instrument is turned off. (If
it is not, press the MODE button for three
seconds until the message "Release
Button" appears.)
2. Plug the power supply in. The red LED is
labeled “Power” and will be lit whenever
the charger is plugged into a power
source.
3. Insert the MultiPro into the charging cradle
bottom side down with the display facing
forward. The green LED on the charger is
labeled “Charge” and will be lit while the
battery is charging.
4. When the battery is fully charged, the
“Charge” LED will go out.
See section 5.5.5 for battery
troubleshooting guidelines.
5.6
Sensor replacement
5.6.1 Sensor replacement (Not Duo-Tox)
Note: To replace the Duo-Tox (CO/H2S)
sensor, follow the instructions that came
with the new sensor. For an overview of
the Duo-Tox replacement procedure see
section 5.6.2 below.
The sensors in the MultiPro are located in a
vented compartment at the bottom of the
instrument.
To install a sensor:
1. Turn the MultiPro off.
2. Remove the battery pack as described in
section 5.3. This will automatically
disconnect power from the instrument.
3. Remove the four screws shown and pull
the entire main board assembly free from
the instrument housing.
4. Gently remove the sensor that is to be
replaced.
5.5.4
Charging with the pump
attached.
To charge the MultiPro battery
with the pump installed on the
instrument, a spacer is used in the
charger base to take up the
difference between the size of the
MultiPro and the size of the pump,
which is slightly smaller. The
spacer should be oriented with the
gap towards the front of the
charger, and with the guide pins
facing down towards the charger
as shown in the illustration at right.
22
Replacement Instructions that are shipped
out with every new Duo-Tox sensor.
1. Verify that the MultiPro has instrument
firmware version 2.10 or higher. Upgrade
if necessary by downloading and installing
the new firmware from
http://www.biodownloads.com.
2. Locate the CF value on the Duo-Tox
sensor label
3. Follow steps 1-4 in section 5.6.1 above to
disassemble the instrument and remove
the Duo-Tox sensor, but do not install the
new Duo-Tox sensor.
4. On the back side of the main board at the
upper right corner is a 6-pin connector that
functions as the power conduit from the
battery to the instrument. When the
battery pack is attached to the instrument,
these pins must be aligned so that the
battery can power the instrument.
Reattach the main board assembly to the
battery pack by sliding these 6 male pins
into the corresponding 6 female sockets
on the battery pack and allow the
instrument to start up without the Duo-Tox
sensor.
5. Once the instrument has completed the
start up sequence and shows only the O2
and LEL sensors, disconnect the main
board from the battery pack.
6. Gently insert the new Duo-Tox sensor into
the appropriate location on the sensor
board.
7. Reassemble the MultiPro and allow the
new sensor to stabilize as described in
steps 6-8 in section 5.6.1.
8. When the instrument
restarts for the first time,
the CF screen will be
shown.
9. Press the MODE button to
advance the CF value until
the correct value is shown.
10. Once the correct CF value
is shown, press and hold
the MODE button until
“release button” is shown,
followed by “Accept” with a
countdown.
Note: Sensor channels in the MultiPro are
specific to the type of sensor that occupies
the channel. When replacing sensors, be
sure to replace one sensor with another of
the same type.
5. Gently insert the new sensor into the
appropriate location on the sensor board.
6. Reinstall the main board assembly that
was removed in step three and reinstall
the four screws. The main board should
easily slide back into place. The screw
holes in the black mylar insulator should
align with the corresponding holes in the
housing. The sensor gaskets should be
centered over the corresponding sensor
ports at the bottom of the instrument,
allowing the gas sample to reach the
sensors. Be careful not to over tighten the
screws.
7. Reattach the battery pack and re-tighten
the top center screw.
8. New sensors must be allowed to stabilize
prior to use according to the following
schedule. The detector must be powered
off and a functional battery pack must be
installed for the sensor to stabilize.
Sensor
Stabilization Period
Oxygen (O2)
1 hour
LEL
none
CO
15 minutes
H2S
15 minutes
Note: Steps 9 and 10 assume that the
sensor stabilization period has passed.
9. If an oxygen sensor was replaced,
perform the Fresh Air/Zero calibration as
discussed in section 4.2.
10. If a combustible (LEL) or a toxic sensor
has been replaced, perform both the
Fresh Air/Zero calibration and the Span
calibration as discussed in sections 4.2
and 4.3.
↔
5.6.2 Duo-Tox sensor replacement
Note: These instructions are a condensed
version of the Duo-Tox Sensor
23
11. Press the MODE button before the
countdown concludes to enter the new
setting. Failure to accept the setting will
lead to instrument shutdown and re-queue
at the CF screen at next startup.
12. Perform the Fresh Air/Zero calibration and
the Span calibration as discussed above
in sections 4.2 and 4.3.
5.7
Sample probe assembly
The MultiPro’s sample draw probe is the
standard probe assembly from Sperian
Instrumentation. The illustration below gives a
breakdown of all parts in the sample draw
probe with part numbers. The sample probe
handle contains moisture barrier and
particulate filters designed to remove
contaminants that might otherwise harm the
instrument.
Sample probe filters should be replaced
whenever visibly discolored due to
contamination.
CAUTION: Never perform remote sampling
without the sample probe and hose
assembly. The sample probe handle
contains replaceable filters designed to
block moisture and remove particulate
contaminants. If the pump is operated
without the probe assembly in place,
contaminants may cause damage to the
pump, sensors and internal components of
the MultiPro.
Particulate contaminants are removed by
means of a cellulose filter. The hydrophobic
filter includes a Teflon™ barrier which blocks
the flow of moisture as well as any remaining
particulate contaminants.
5.7.1
Changing sample probe filters
The threaded sample probe handle is
accesses the filters. The particulate filter is
held in place by a clear filter cup. To replace
the particulate filter, remove the old filter and
cup, insert a new filter into the cup, and slide
the cup back into place in the probe handle.
The hydrophobic barrier filter fits into a socket
in the rear section of the probe handle. (The
narrow end of the hydrophobic barrier filter is
inserted towards the rear of the handle.)
To avoid accidentally introducing particulate
contaminants into the system, turn the sample
probe upside-down prior to removing either
the hydrophobic filter or the particulate filter.
The following replacement filter kits are
currently available from Sperian
Instrumentation:
Part No.
Kit
54-05-K0401
54-05-K0402
54-05-K0403
54-05-K0404
54-05-K0405
Standard
Economy
Economy
Bulk
Bulk
5.7.2
#Particulate
10
10
30
0
100
#Hydrophobic
3
0
10
25
0
Changing sample probe tubes
(wands)
The standard 11.5” long butyrate probe tube is
held in place with a hex-nut compression
fitting and compression sleeve. The standard
probe tube can be interchanged with other
custom length sections of 1/4” OD tubing, or
probe tubes made of other materials (such as
stainless steel).
24
Reprogramming the
MultiPro is reserved for authorized
personnel. Inappropriate changes made in
the Advanced Menu may lead to inaccurate
and potentially dangerous readings.
Probe tubes are exchanged by loosening the
hex-nut compression fitting, removing the old
tube, sliding the compression sleeve into
place around the new tube, inserting the new
tube into the probe handle, then replacing and
tightening the hex-nut.
Note: The sample probe must be checked
for leakage (as discussed in Section 3.1.1)
whenever filters or probe tubes are
exchanged or replaced before being
returned to service.
5.8
6.1
To enter the “Advanced Mode”, turn the
MultiPro off. Then turn the
MultiPro back on, but instead of
releasing the MODE button,
continue to hold it. The “PC
Connect” screen will be shown
in approximately 6 seconds.
Continue to hold the MODE
button for about 5 additional
seconds until the “Config”
screen is shown. Release the
MODE button as soon as
“Config” is shown.
The screen will show 6 sets of
dashed lines.
Once the screen with the six
dashed line is shown,
immediately click the MODE
button three times within three
seconds to enter the
Configuration Menu. “Setup”
will be shown.
After a few seconds, the “Setup” screen will
be replaced by the “Set Options” screen and
will proceed to automatically scroll to a new
screen every 5 seconds. The “Set Time”
screen will follow the “Set Options” screen,
which will then be followed by the “Set Date”,
“Set Alarms”, “Set Cal Gas” and the “Set Cal
Due” screens before returning to the “Set
Options” screen.
MultiPro Pump Maintenance
MultiPro pumps are fairly maintenance free
with the exception of the replacement of the
pump filters on a regular basis.
5.8.1 Replacing pump filters
1. Remove the two screws that hold the inlet
port to the pump.
2. Gently pull the dust filter holder free of the
pump.
3. Remove and replace the dust filter that is
located in the holder.
4. The hydrophobic filter is located beneath
the inlet port in the pump housing. Use a
small screwdriver or other object to punch
through the filter and remove it. The
gasket that sits between the inlet port and
the filter should come out with the filter.
→
5. Place the new hydrophobic filter with the
filter side down in place of the one
removed in step 4. The gasket should be
located on top of the filter and should sit
against the dust filter holder, which will be
reinstalled in step 6.
6. Replace the dust filter holder (which now
has a new filter in it) and secure it with the
two screws removed in step 1.
6.
Entering the Advanced Menu
→
→
→
→
→
Direct programming
In the event that an instrument setting needs
to be changed in the field and a PC with the
appropriate software is not available, the
MultiPro can be programmed directly with the
MODE button.
The MODE button is used to make all
selections in the Advanced Menu.
1. Click the MODE button once to advance
to the next menu screen
25
2. Click the MODE button three times in
rapid succession to enter the submenu for
the menu item that is currently shown.
3. Hold the MODE button for three full
seconds to exit the advanced menu.
Once a submenu has been entered:
1. Click the MODE button once to advance
to the next item in the submenu you’ve
entered.
2. Hold the MODE button to modify the
setting.
3. Click the MODE button three times in
rapid succession to return to the Main
Menu.
6.2
Turn the H2S decimal point on to view
hydrogen sulfide readings in tenths of a part
per million up to 9.9 PPM. Once the decimal
point is enabled, a TWA alarm value option of
1.6 PPM will also appear under the alarm
settings options.
6.3
Set time
When the set time option is accessed, the
screen will alternate between the hours and
minutes screens. The hours screen is given
in 24-hour format. The two screens will
alternate every 5 seconds.
↔
Set options
The set options submenu houses the controls
for the following items:
• STEL (on or off)
• TWA (on or off)
• Security beep (on or off)
• Alarm Latch (on or off)
• Cal Due Use (on or off)
• Upload Cal (on or off)
• H2S Decimal Point (on or off)
Once the Set options submenu is entered, the
MultiPro will automatically scroll through the
options at 5-second intervals. To change a
setting for on to off (or vice-versa) hold the
MODE button down for 1-2 seconds.
Once the settings have been modified as
needed, click the MODE button three times in
rapid succession to return to the Main Menu.
STEL and TWA Alarms are discussed in
Appendix A.
The Security Beep is covered in section 1.4.5.
Alarm Latch settings are described in section
1.4.6.
The Cal Due Use setting determines weather
the instrument can be used when it is due for
calibration. Selecting “Cal Due Use On” will
allow the MultiPro to be used when it is due
for calibration. Selecting “Cal Due Use Off”
will cause the MultiPro to be shut down if the
calibration is due and not performed
immediately upon instrument turn on.
With the Upload Cal set to “on”, the MultiPro
will automatically enable the IrDA port and
attempt to download the results of calibration
to a PC immediately following the calibration.
This is designed mostly for users of the IQ
Datalink Program. In the default
configuration, Upload Cal is set to “off”, and
the instrument will turn off following
calibration.
Click the MODE button once to change the
selection from hours to minutes (or vice
versa).
Hold the MODE button down to advance the
figure that is currently displayed (hours or
minutes).
Once the time has been correctly set, click the
MODE button three times in rapid succession
to return to the Main Menu.
6.4
Set date
The set date submenu is divided into year,
month and day screens. The MultiPro will
automatically scroll through the Year, Month
and Day screens at 5-second intervals.
Click the MODE button once to advance
through the year, month and day screens.
Hold the MODE button down to advance the
year, month or day while the specific setting is
shown.
Once the date has been correctly entered,
click the MODE button three times in rapid
succession to return to the Main Menu.
6.5
Set alarms
Once the “Set Alarms”
submenu has been reached,
the MultiPro will display the
Default Alarms screen and
then begin scrolling through
the various alarm levels.
Click the MODE button once to advance
through the screens.
When the alarm that you want to change is
shown, hold the MODE button down to
26
accuracy with calibration gas. See
Appendix B for details.
advance the counter until the appropriate level
is shown. If the alarm level required is lower
than the current setting, allow the counter to
advance past the maximum possible alarm
level for the specific channel, and continue
back to the lower settings.
To restore the default alarms click the MODE
button three times in rapid succession with
“Default Alarms” displayed. “Def Set” will be
shown to indicate that the default alarm
settings have been restored.
Once the alarm values have been set
correctly, click the MODE button three times
rapidly to return to the Main Menu.
Note: To enable the H2S TWA alarm setting
of 1.6 PPM, first enable the H2S decimal point
as described above in section 6.2. The 1.6
PPM alarm value will then appear as an
option in the TWA alarm setting for H2S.
6.6
6.8
Once the bump due submenu is reached, the
bump due screen will be shown. The number
of days shown is the number of days that
must pass following a successful calibration
before the bump due warning will be shown.
Hold the MODE button down to advance the
counter in days. OFF will be followed by
DAILY, which will then be followed by 2 days
and so on. Once the interval passes 7 days, it
will proceed to 14 days and then to 21 days
and then to 30 days before it shows OFF
again. The maximum length of time between
scheduled bump tests is 30 days.
To disable the bump due warning, set the
interval to OFF.
Once the bump due interval
has been set correctly, click
the MODE button three times
in rapid succession to return to
the Main Menu.
Note: The Bump Test Interval and Bump
Test Reminder are used exclusively with
the MultiPro IQ Express Dock.
Set cal gas
Once the set cal gas submenu has been
reached, the MultiPro will scroll through the
various calibration gas values screens and the
set default cal gas option.
Click the MODE button once to advance
through the screens.
Hold the MODE button down to advance the
counter for a specific calibration gas.
To set default calibration gas
levels click the MODE button
three times in rapid
succession with “Default Cal
Gas” displayed.
Once the calibration gas values have been set
correctly, click the MODE button three times in
rapid succession to return to the main menu.
6.7
Set bump test due
6.9
Setup accept
Once the settings in any of the submenus
have been changed as needed, return to the
Main Menu by clicking the MODE button three
times in rapid successtion. Once in the Main
Menu hold the MODE button
down for three seconds to exit.
The MultiPro will provide a
countdown to accept changes
to the settings.
Click MODE to accept the
changes and the instrument will
show “setup stored” and
proceed to turn itself off. Allow
the countdown to run out if you
do not wish to save the
changes.
Set cal due
Once the set cal due
submenu is reached, the cal
due screen will be shown.
Hold the MODE button down
to advance the counter. The number of days
shown is the number of days that must pass
following a successful calibration before the
calibration due warning will be shown. The
maximum length of time between calibrations
is 180 days.
To disable the calibration due warning, set the
interval to 0 days (OFF).
Once the calibration due interval has been set
correctly, click the MODE button three times
rapidly to return to the Main Menu.
Note: Sperian Instrumentation
recommends regular verification of
27
1. Warning and Danger Alarms
Appendices
OSHA has assigned some, but not all, toxic
substances with a ceiling level which represents the
highest concentration of a toxic substance to which an
unprotected worker should ever be exposed, even for
a very short time. The default Warning and Danger
alarm levels in the MultiPro are less than or equal to
the OSHA-assigned ceiling levels for both CO and
H2S. Never enter an environment even
momentarily when concentrations of toxic
substances exceed the level of either the Warning
or the Danger Alarm.
Appendix A Toxic gas measurement
– Warning, Danger, STEL and TWA
alarms
Many toxic substances are commonly encountered in
industry. The presence of toxic substances may be
due to materials being stored or used, the work being
performed, or may be generated by natural
processes. Exposure to toxic substances can
produce disease, bodily injury, or death in
unprotected workers.
It is important to determine the amounts of any toxic
materials potentially present in the workplace. The
amounts of toxic materials potentially present will
affect the procedures and personal protective
equipment that must be used. The safest course of
action is to eliminate or permanently control hazards
through engineering, workplace controls, ventilation,
or other safety procedures. Unprotected workers may
not be exposed to levels of toxic contaminants that
exceed Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
concentrations. Ongoing monitoring is necessary to
insure that exposure levels have not changed in a
way that requires the use of different or more rigorous
procedures or equipment.
Airborne toxic substances are typically classified on
the basis of their ability to produce physiological
effects on exposed workers. Toxic substances tend
to produce symptoms in two time frames.
Higher levels of exposure tend to produce immediate
(acute) effects, while lower levels of long-term
(chronic) exposure may not produce physiological
symptoms for years.
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a good example of an
acutely toxic substance which is immediately lethal at
relatively low concentrations. Exposure to a 1,000
ppm (parts per million) concentration of H2S in air
produces rapid paralysis of the respiratory system,
cardiac arrest, and death within minutes.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a good example of a
chronically toxic gas. Carbon monoxide bonds to the
hemoglobin molecules in red blood cells. Red blood
cells contaminated with CO are unable to transport
oxygen. Although very high concentrations of carbon
monoxide may be acutely toxic, and lead to
immediate respiratory arrest or death, it is the long
term physiological effects due to chronic exposure at
lower levels that take the greatest toll of affected
workers. This is the situation with regards to
smokers, parking garage attendants, or others
chronically exposed to carbon monoxide in the
workplace. Exposure levels are too low to produce
immediate symptoms, but small repeated doses
reduce the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood over
time to dangerously low levels. This partial
impairment of the blood supply may lead over time to
serious physiological consequences.
Time History Graph
Ceiling
2. Time Weighted Average (TWA):
The maximum average concentration to which an
unprotected worker may be exposed over an eight
hour working day is called the Time Weighted
Average or TWA value. TWA values are calculated
by taking the sum of exposure to a particular toxic gas
in the current operating session in terms of parts-permillion-hours and dividing by an eight-hour period.
Time History Graph
Ceiling
TWA
(8 hour)
3. Short Term Exposure Limits (STEL):
Toxic substances may have short term exposure
limits which are higher than the eight hour TWA.
The STEL is the maximum average concentration to
which an unprotected worker may be exposed in any
fifteen minute interval during the day. During this
time, neither the eight hour TWA or the ceiling
concentration may be exceeded.
Any fifteen minute periods in which the average
STEL concentration exceeds the permissible eight
hour TWA must be separated from each other by at
least one hour. A maximum of four of these periods
are allowed per eight hour shift.
Time History Graph
Ceiling
STEL
TWA
Because prudent monitoring programs must take both
time frames into account, there are two independent
exposure measurements and alarm types built into
the MultiPro design.
15 Minutes
28
Appendix B Calibration
Frequency
Recommendation
One of the most common questions
that we are asked at Sperian
Instrumentation is: “How often
should I calibrate my gas
detector?”
Sensor Reliability and Accuracy
Today’s sensors are designed to
provide years of reliable service. In
fact, many sensors are designed so
that with normal use they will only
lose 5% of their sensitivity per year or
10% over a two-year period. Given
this, it should be possible to use a
sensor for up to two full years without
any significant loss of sensitivity.
Verification of Accuracy
With so many reasons why a sensor
can lose sensitivity and given the fact
that dependable sensors can be key
to survival in a hazardous
environment, frequent verification of
sensor performance is paramount.
There is only one sure way to verify
that a sensor can respond to the gas
for which it is designed. That is to
expose it to a known concentration of
target gas and compare the reading
with the concentration of the gas.
This is referred to as a “bump” test.
This test is very simple and takes only
a few seconds to accomplish. The
safest course of action is to do a
“bump” test prior to each day’s
use*. It is not necessary to make a
calibration adjustment if the readings
fall between 90%** and 120% of the
expected value. As an example, if a
CO sensor is checked using a gas
concentration of 50 PPM it is not
necessary to perform a calibration
unless the readings are either below
45 PPM or above 60 PPM.
* The Canadian Standards
Association (CSA) requires the LEL
sensor to be bump tested prior to
each day’s use with calibration gas
containing between 25% and 50%
LEL.
** The Canadian Standards
Association (CSA) requires the
instrument to undergo calibration
when the displayed value during a
bump test fails to fall between
100% and 120% of the expected
value for the gas.
Lengthening the Intervals between
Verification of Accuracy
We are often asked whether there are
any circumstances in which the period
between accuracy checks may be
lengthened.
Sperian Instrumentation is not the
only manufacturer to be asked this
question! One of the professional
organizations to which Sperian
Instrumentation belongs is the
Industrial Safety Equipment
Association (ISEA). The “Instrument
Products” group of this organization
has been very active in developing a
protocol to clarify the minimum
conditions under which the interval
between accuracy checks may be
lengthened.
A number of leading gas detection
equipment manufacturers have
participated in the development of the
ISEA guidelines concerning
calibration frequency. Sperian
Instrumentation procedures closely
follow these guidelines.
If your operating procedures do not
permit daily checking of the sensors,
Sperian Instrumentation recommends
the following procedure to establish a
safe and prudent accuracy check
schedule for your Sperian
instruments:
1.
During a period of initial use of at
least 10 days in the intended
atmosphere, check the sensor
response daily to be sure there is
nothing in the atmosphere that is
poisoning the sensor(s). The
period of initial use must be of
sufficient duration to ensure that
the sensors are exposed to all
conditions that might have an
adverse effect on the sensors.
2.
If these tests demonstrate that it
is not necessary to make
adjustments, the time between
checks may be lengthened. The
interval between accuracy
checking should not exceed 30
days.
3.
When the interval has been
extended the toxic and
combustible gas sensors should
be replaced immediately upon
warranty expiration. This will
minimize the risk of failure during
the interval between sensor
checks.
4.
The history of the instrument
response between verifications
should be kept. Any conditions,
incidents, experiences, or
exposure to contaminants that
might have an adverse effect on
the calibration state of the
sensors should trigger immediate
re-verification of accuracy before
further use.
29
5.
Any changes in the
environment in which the
instrument is being used, or
changes in the work that is
being performed, should
trigger a resumption of daily
checking.
6.
If there is any doubt at any
time as to the accuracy of
the sensors, verify the
accuracy of the sensors by
exposing them to known
concentration test gas
before further use.
Gas detectors used for the
detection of oxygen deficiencies,
flammable gases and vapors, or
toxic contaminants must be
maintained and operated
properly to do the job they were
designed to do. Always follow the
guidelines provided by the
manufacturer for any gas
detection equipment you use!
If there is any doubt regarding
your gas detector's accuracy, do
an accuracy check! All it takes is
a few moments to verify whether
or not your instruments are safe
to use.
One Button Auto Calibration
While it is only necessary to do a
“bump” test to ensure that the
sensors are working properly, all
current Sperian Instrumentation
gas detectors offer a one button
auto calibration feature. This
feature allows you to calibrate a
Sperian Instrumentation gas
detector in about the same time
as it takes to complete a “bump”
test. The use of automatic bump
test and calibration stations can
further simplify the tasks, while
automatically maintaining
records.
Don't take a chance
with your life.
Verify accuracy frequently!
Please read also Sperian
Instrumentation’s’ application
note: AN20010808 “Use of
‘equivalent’ calibration gas
mixtures”. This application note
provides procedures to ensure
safe calibration of LEL sensors
that are subject to silicone
poisoning.
Sperian Instrumentation’s
website is at:
http://www.biosystems.com
Appendix C MultiPro Sensor Information
Part No.
54-49-80
54-49-90
54-49-01
54-49-02
54-49-14
54-49-24
Description
LEL Combustible Gas
O2 Oxygen
CO Carbon Monoxide
H2S Hydrogen Sulfide
Duo-Tox Dual Channel CO/H2S
Provides substance specific readouts for CO & H2S
Duo-Tox Dual Channel CO/H2S
Provides substance specific readouts for CO & H2S
Requires firmware version 2.05 or higher
Range
0 – 100% LEL
0 – 30% by Volume
0 – 1000 PPM
0 – 200 PPM
CO: 0 – 1000 PPM
H2S: 0 – 200 PPM
Resolution
1% LEL
0.1%
1 PPM
1 PPM
1 PPM
1 PPM
1 PPM
1 PPM
CO: 0 – 1000 PPM
H2S: 0 – 200 PPM
Appendix D Toxic Sensor Cross-Sensitivity
The table below provides the cross-sensitivity response of the MultiPro toxic gas sensors to common interference
gases. The values are expressed as a percentage of the primary sensitivity, or the reading of the sensor when
exposed to 100ppm of the interfering gas at 20ºC. These values are approximate. The actual values depend on the
age and condition of the sensor. Sensors should always be calibrated to the primary gas type. Cross-sensitive
gases should not be used as sensor calibration surrogates without the express written consent of Sperian
Instrumentation.
SENSOR
CO
H2S
SO2
NO
NO2
Cl2
ClO2
H2
HCN
HCl
NH3
C2H4
C2H2
Carbon Monoxide
(CO)
Hydrogen Sulfide
(H2S)
100
10
5
10
-15
-5
-15
50
15
3
0
75
250
0.5
100
20
2
-20
-20
-60
0.2
0
0
0
n/d
n/d
Appendix E: Basic Parts List
MultiPro Remote Sampling Accessories
Part No.
54-49-102
54-49-102-5
54-49-104
54-49-105
54-05-A0403
54-05-A0405
Description
Continuous sample pump for MultiPro. Includes 10’ of sample tubing and sample probe
assembly. UL/CSA-approved version.
Continuous sample pump for MultiPro. Includes 10’ of sample tubing and sample probe
assembly. ATEX-approved version (European).
Sample draw/calibration adapter.
Sample draw kit. Includes adapter, squeeze bulb, 10’ of tubing and sample probe assembly.
Sample probe assembly. Does not include tubing, squeeze bulb, or sample draw adapter.
Sample probe assembly with 11.5-inch stainless-steel probe tube. Does not include tubing,
squeeze bulb, or sample draw / calibration adapter.
MultiPro Sensors
Part No.
Description
54-49-80
54-49-90
54-49-01
54-49-02
54-49-14
54-49-200
54-49-201
54-49-202
LEL
Combustible gas
O2
Oxygen
CO
Carbon monoxide
H2S
Hydrogen sulfide
Duo-Tox Dual channel CO/H2S
Provides substance specific readouts for CO & H2S
Multi Pro sensor exchange set. O2, LEL, Duo-Tox***
Multi Pro sensor exchange set. O2, LEL, CO***
Multi Pro sensor exchange set. O2, LEL, H2S***
***This part number requires return of identical set of expired sensors.
MultiPro Charging & Datalogging Accessories
Part No.
Description
54-49-103-1
54-49-103-5
Slip-in fast charger (110 VAC) for MultiPro. Includes “wall cube” supply (UL/CSA-Version)
Slip-in fast charger (220 VAC) for MultiPro. Includes “wall cube” supply (ATEX-Version)
Slip-in fast charger (12 VDC) for MultiPro. Includes “cigarette lighter” style adapter, and
vehicle mounting hardware)
MultiPro Alkaline battery pack (UL/CSA-approved version)
MultiPro Alkaline battery pack (ATEX-approved version (European))
MultiPro Li-Ion rechargeable battery pack (UL/CSA-Approved version)
MultiPro Li-Ion rechargeable battery pack (ATEX-approved version (European))
MultiPro BioTrak Software Kit. Includes BioTrak software and manual
Infrared communication device (Serial – IrDA) - Requires one available PC serial port.
54-49-103-12
54-49-106
54-49-106-5
54-49-107
54-49-107-5
54-26-0603
54-26-0605
Appendix F Sperian Instrumentation Standard Gas Detection Warranty
General
Sperian Protection Instrumentation, LLC (hereafter Sperian) warrants gas detectors, sensors and
accessories manufactured and sold by Sperian, to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for
the periods listed in the tables below.
Damages to any Sperian products that result from abuse, alteration, power fluctuations including surges
and lightning strikes, incorrect voltage settings, incorrect batteries, or repair procedures not made in
accordance with the Instrument’s Reference Manual are not covered by the Sperian warranty.
The obligation of Sperian under this warranty is limited to the repair or replacement of components
deemed by the Sperian Instrument Service Department to have been defective under the scope of this
standard warranty. To receive consideration for warranty repair or replacement procedures, products
must be returned with transportation and shipping charges prepaid to Sperian at its manufacturing
location in Middletown, Connecticut, or to a Sperian Authorized Warranty Service Center. It is necessary
to obtain a return authorization number from Sperian prior to shipment.
THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ANY AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES AND
REPRESENTATIONS, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE WARRANTY
OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. SPERIAN WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR LOSS OR
DAMAGE OF ANY KIND CONNECTED TO THE USE OF ITS PRODUCTS OR FAILURE OF ITS
PRODUCTS TO FUNCTION OR OPERATE PROPERLY.
Instrument & Accessory Warranty Periods
Product(s)
Biosystems PHD6, PhD5, PhD Lite, PhD Plus, PhD
Ultra, Cannonball3, MultiVision, Toxi, Toxi/Oxy Plus,
Toxi/Oxy Ultra, ToxiVision, Ex Chek
ToxiPro®, MultiPro
ToxiLtd®
Toxi3Ltd®
Mighty-Tox 2
Prorated credit is given towards repair or purchase of a
new unit of the same type.
IQ Systems, Series 3000, Airpanel, Travelpanel,
ZoneGuard, Gas9Chek1 and Gas9Chek4
Battery packs and chargers, sampling pumps and
other components, which by their design are
consumed or depleted during normal operation, or
which may require periodic replacement
Warranty Period
As long as the instrument is in service
2 years from date of purchase
2 years after activation or 2 years after the
“Must Be Activated By” date, whichever
comes first
3 years after activation or 3 years after the
“Must Be Activated By” date, whichever
comes first
0 – 6 months of use 100% credit
6 – 12 months of use 75% credit
12 – 18 months of use 50% credit
18 – 24 months of use 25% credit
One year from the date of purchase
One year from the date of purchase
Sensor Warranty Periods
Instrument(s)
Biosystems PHD6, PhD Plus, PhD Ultra, PhD5,
PhD Lite, Cannonball3, MultiVision, MultiPro,
ToxiVision, ToxiPro®, Ex Chek
Toxi, Toxi/Oxy Plus, Toxi/Oxy Ultra
All Others
Sensor Type(s)
O2, LEL**, CO, CO+, H2S &
Duo-Tox
All Other Sensors
CO, CO+, H2S
All Other Sensors
All Sensors
Warranty Period
2 Years
1 Year
2 Years
1 Year
1 Year
** Damage to combustible gas sensors by acute or chronic exposure to known sensor poisons such
as volatile lead (aviation gasoline additive), hydride gases such as phosphine, and volatile silicone
gases emitted from silicone caulks/sealants, silicone rubber molded products, laboratory glassware
greases, spray lubricants, heat transfer fluids, waxes & polishing compounds (neat or spray aerosols),
mold release agents for plastics injection molding operations, waterproofing formulations, vinyl &
leather preservatives, and hand lotions which may contain ingredients listed as cyclomethicone,
dimethicone and polymethicone (at the discretion of Sperian’s Instrument Service department) void
Sperian Instrumentation’s Standard Warranty as it applies to the replacement of combustible gas
sensors.
31