Operator’s manual (EPA)
223L
Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you
understand the instructions before using the machine.
English
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Symbols
WARNING! Clearing saws, brushcutters and
trimmers can be dangerous! Careless or
incorrect use can result in serious or fatal
injury to the operator or others.
Only intended for trimmer heads.
Please read the operator’s manual carefully
and make sure you understand the
instructions before using the machine.
Other symbols/decals on the machine refer to special
certification requirements for certain markets.
Always wear:
•
A protective helmet where there is a risk
of falling objects
•
Hearing protection
•
Approved eye protection
The engine is switched off by moving the
stop switch to the stop position. CAUTION!
The stop switch automatically returns to the
start position. In order to prevent
unintentional starting, the spark plug cap
must be removed from the spark plug when assembling,
checking and/or performing maintenance.
Max. speed of output shaft, rpm
Always wear approved protective gloves.
Watch out for thrown objects and ricochets.
Regular cleaning is required.
The operator of the machine must ensure,
while working, that no persons or animals
come closer than 15 metres.
Machines fitted with saw blades or grass
blades can be thrown violently to the side
when the blade comes into contact with a
fixed object. The blade is capable of
amputating an arm or leg. Always keep
people and animals at least 15 metres from
the machine.
15 m
50FT
15 m
50FT
Visual check.
Approved eye protection must always be
used.
Arrows which show limits for handle
positioning.
Always wear approved protective gloves.
Wear sturdy, non-slip boots.
Only use non-metallic, flexible cutting
attachments, i.e. trimmer heads with trimmer
cord.
2 – English
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
CONTENTS
Contents
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Symbols .......................................................................
CONTENTS
Contents ......................................................................
Note the following before starting: ................................
INTRODUCTION
Dear customer! ............................................................
WHAT IS WHAT?
What is what? ..............................................................
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Impor tant ......................................................................
Personal protective equipment .....................................
Machine′s safety equipment ........................................
Cutting equipment ........................................................
ASSEMBLY
Fitting the loop handle .................................................
Fitting the trimmer head ...............................................
Fitting the trimmer guard and trimmer head ................
FUEL HANDLING
Fuel safety ...................................................................
Fuel ..............................................................................
Fueling .........................................................................
STARTING AND STOPPING
Check before starting ...................................................
Starting and stopping ...................................................
WORKING TECHNIQUES
General working instructions .......................................
MAINTENANCE
Carburetor ....................................................................
Muffler ..........................................................................
Cooling system ............................................................
Spark plug ....................................................................
Air filter .........................................................................
Maintenance schedule .................................................
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical data ..............................................................
FEDERAL AND CALIFORNIA EMISSIONS
CONTROL WARRANTY STATEMENT
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS .....
Note the following before starting:
Please read the operator’s manual carefully.
2
3
3
Long-term exposure to noise can result in permanent hearing
impairment. So always use approved hearing protection.
Maintenance, replacement, or repair of the emission control
devices and system may be performed by any nonroad
engine repair establishment or individual.
4
5
!
6
6
7
9
Your warranty may not cover damage or
liability caused by the use of non-authorized
accessories or replacement parts.
10
10
10
11
11
12
13
13
WARNING! Under no circumstances may the
design of the machine be modified without
the permission of the manufacturer. Always
use genuine accessories. Non-authorized
modifications and/or accessories can result
in serious personal injury or the death of the
operator or others.
!
WARNING! A clearing saw, brushcutter or
trimmer can be dangerous if used
incorrectly or carelessly, and can cause
serious or fatal injury to the operator or
others. It is extremely important that you
read and understand the contents of this
operator’s manual.
15
17
18
18
19
19
20
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemical known to the State
of California to cause cancer, birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
21
22
The Emissions Compliance Period referred to on the
Emission Compliance label indicates the number of operating
hours for which the engine has been shown to meet Federal
and Californian emissions requirements.
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
English
–3
INTRODUCTION
Dear customer!
Congratulations on your choice to buy a Husqvarna product! Husqvarna is based on a tradition that dates back to 1689, when the
Swedish King Karl XI ordered the construction of a factory on the banks of the Huskvarna River, for production of muskets. The
location was logical, since water power was harnessed from the Huskvarna River to create the water-powered plant. During over
300 years of continuous operation, the Husqvarna factory has produced a lot of different products, from wood stoves to modern
kitchen appliances, sewing machines, bicycles, motorcycles etc. In 1956, the first motor driven lawn mowers appeared, followed
by chain saws in 1959, and it is within this area Husqvarna is working today.
Today Husqvarna is one of the leading manufacturers in the world of forest and garden products, with quality as our highest priority.
We develop, manufacture and market high quality motor driven products for forestry and gardening as well as for building and
construction industry.
Your purchase gives you access to professional help with repairs and service whenever this may be necessary. If the retailer who
sells your machine is not one of our authorized dealers, ask for the address of your nearest servicing dealer.
It is our wish that you will be satisfied with your product and that it will be your companion for a long time. Think of this operator′s
manual as a valuable document. By following its′ content (using, service, maintenance etc) the life span and the second-hand value
of the machine can be extended. If you ever lend or sell this machine, make sure that the borrower or buyer gets the operator′s
manual, so they will also know how to properly maintain and use it.
Thank you for using a Husqvarna product.
Husqvarna AB has a policy of continuous product development and therefore reserves the right to modify the design and
appearance of products without prior notice.
For customer assistance call: 1-800-487-5951 or visit www.usa.husqvarna.com.
4 – English
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
WHAT IS WHAT?
What is what?
1
Trimmer head
12 Fuel tank
2
Grease filler cap, bevel gear
13 Choke control
3
Bevel gear
14 Air purge
4
Cutting attachment guard
15 Air filter cover
5
Shaft
16 Handle adjustment
6
Loop handle
17 Drive disc
7
Throttle control
18 Operator’s manual
8
Stop switch
19 Allen key
9
Throttle lock
20 Locking pin
10 Cylinder cover
21 Spark plug cap and spark plug
11 Starter handle
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
English
–5
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Important
Personal protective equipment
IMPORTANT!
IMPORTANT!
The machine is only designed for trimming grass.
A clearing saw, brushcutter or trimmer can be dangerous if
used incorrectly or carelessly, and can cause serious or
fatal injury to the operator or others. It is extremely
important that you read and understand the contents of this
operator’s manual.
The only accessories you can operate with this engine unit
are the cutting attachments we recommend in the chapter
on Technical data.
Never use the machine if you are tired, if you have drunk
alcohol, or if you are taking medication that could affect your
vision, your judgement or your co-ordination.
Wear personal protective equipment. See instructions
under the heading Personal protective equipment.
You must use approved personal protective equipment
whenever you use the machine. Personal protective
equipment cannot eliminate the risk of injury but it will
reduce the degree of injury if an accident does happen. Ask
your dealer for help in choosing the right equipment.
Never use a machine that has been modified in any way
from its original specification.
Never use a machine that is faulty. Carry out the checks,
maintenance and service instructions described in this
manual. Some maintenance and service measures must be
carried out by trained and qualified specialists. See
instructions under the heading Maintenance.
All covers and guards must be fitted before starting. Ensure
that the spark plug cap and ignition lead are undamaged to
avoid the risk of electric shock.
The machine operator must ensure that no people or
animals come closer than 15 metres while working. When
several operators are working in the same area the safety
distance should be at least twice the tree height and no less
than 15 metres.
!
!
WARNING! Running an engine in a confined
or badly ventilated area can result in death
due to asphyxiation or carbon monoxide
poisoning.
WARNING! Never allow children to use or be
in the vicinity of the machine. As the
machine is equipped with a spring-loaded
stop switch and can be started by low speed
and force on the starter handle, even small
children under some circumstances can
produce the force necessary to start the
machine. This can mean a risk of serious
personal injury. Therefore remove the spark
plug cap when the machine is not under
close supervision.
!
WARNING! Listen out for warning signals or
shouts when you are wearing hearing
protection. Always remove your hearing
protection as soon as the engine stops.
HEARING PROTECTION
Wear hearing protection that provides adequate noise
reduction.
EYE PROTECTION
Always wear approved eye protection. If you use a visor then
you must also wear approved protective goggles. Approved
protective goggles must comply with standard ANSI Z87.1 in
the USA or EN 166 in EU countries.
GLOVES
Gloves should be worn when necessary, e.g., when fitting
cutting attachments.
BOOTS
Wear sturdy, non-slip boots.
CLOTHING
Wear clothes made of a strong fabric and avoid loose clothing
that can catch on twigs and branches. Always wear heavy,
long pants. Do not wear jewellery, shorts sandals or go
barefoot. Secure hair so it is above shoulder level.
6 – English
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
FIRST AID KIT
Always have a first aid kit nearby.
Machine′s safety equipment
Make sure the throttle control is locked at the idle setting
when the throttle lock is released.
Press the throttle lock and make sure it returns to its original
position when you release it.
This section describes the machine′s safety equipment, its
purpose, and how checks and maintenance should be carried
out to ensure that it operates correctly. See the ”What is
what?” section to locate where this equipment is positioned
on your machine.
The life span of the machine can be reduced and the risk of
accidents can increase if machine maintenance is not carried
out correctly and if service and/or repairs are not carried out
professionally. If you need further information please contact
your nearest servicing dealer.
Check that the throttle control and throttle lock move freely
and that the return springs work properly.
IMPORTANT!
All servicing and repair work on the machine requires
special training. This is especially true of the machine′s
safety equipment. If your machine fails any of the checks
described below you must contact your service agent.
When you buy any of our products we guarantee the
availability of professional repairs and service. If the retailer
who sells your machine is not a servicing dealer, ask him for
the address of your nearest service agent.
!
See instructions under the heading Start. Start the machine
and apply full throttle. Release the throttle and check that the
cutting attachment stops and remains at a standstill. If the
cutting attachment rotates with the throttle in the idle position
then the carburettor idle setting must be checked. See
instructions under the heading Maintenance.
WARNING! Never use a machine with faulty
safety equipment. The machine’s safety
equipment must be checked and maintained
as described in this section. If your machine
fails any of these checks contact your
service agent to get it repaired.
Throttle lock
Stop switch
The throttle lock is designed to prevent accidental operation
of the throttle control. When you press the lock (A) (i.e. when
you grasp the handle) it releases the throttle control (B).
When you release the handle the throttle control and the
throttle lock both move back to their original positions. This
movement is controlled by two independent return springs.
This arrangement means that the throttle control is
automatically locked at the idle setting.
Use the stop switch to switch off the engine.
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
Start the engine and make sure the engine stops when you
move the stop switch to the stop setting.
English
–7
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Cutting attachment guard
This guard is intended to prevent loose objects from being
thrown towards the operator. The guard also protects the
operator from accidental contact with the cutting attachment.
Check that the guard is undamaged and not cracked. Replace
the guard if it has been exposed to impact or is cracked.
Regularly check the vibration damping units for cracks or
deformation. Check that the vibration damping element is
undamaged and securely attached.
!
WARNING! Overexposure to vibration can
lead to circulatory damage or nerve damage
in people who have impaired circulation.
Contact your doctor if you experience
symptoms of overexposure to vibration.
These symptoms include numbness, loss of
feeling, tingling, pricking, pain, loss of
strength, changes in skin colour or
condition. These symptoms normally appear
in the fingers, hands or wrists.
Muffler
Always use the recommended guard for the cutting
attachment you are using. See chapter on Technical data.
!
WARNING! Never use a cutting attachment
without an approved guard. See the chapter
on Technical data. If an incorrect or faulty
guard is fitted this can cause serious
personal injury.
The muffler is designed to keep noise levels to a minimum
and to direct exhaust fumes away from the user.
A muffler fitted with a catalytic converter is also designed to
reduce harmful exhaust gases.
Vibration damping system
Your machine is equipped with a vibration damping system
that is designed to reduce vibration and make operation
easier.
Use of incorrectly wound cord or an incorrect cutting
attachment increases the level of vibration. See instructions
under the heading Cutting equipment.
The machine′s vibration damping system reduces the transfer
of vibration between the engine unit/cutting equipment and
the machine′s handle unit.
In countries that have a warm and dry climate there is a
significant risk of fire. We therefore fit certain mufflers with a
spark arrestor mesh. Check whether the muffler on your
machine is fitted with this kind of mesh.
For mufflers it is very important that you follow the instructions
on checking, maintaining and servicing your machine.
Never use a machine that has a faulty muffler.
Regularly check that the muffler is securely attached to the
machine.
8 – English
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
If the muffler on your machine is fitted with a spark arrestor
mesh this must be cleaned regularly. A blocked mesh will
cause the engine to overheat and may lead to serious
damage.
Cutting equipment
This section describes how to choose and maintain your
cutting equipment in order to:
•
Reduce the risk of blade thrust.
•
Obtain maximum cutting performance.
•
Extend the life of cutting equipment.
IMPORTANT!
!
!
!
!
Only use cutting attachments with the guards we
recommend! See the chapter on Technical data.
WARNING! Mufflers fitted with catalytic
converters get very hot during use and
remain so for some time after stopping. This
also applies at idle speed. Contact can result
in burns to the skin. Remember the risk of
fire!
Refer to the instructions for the cutting attachment to check
the correct way to load the cord and the correct cord
diameter.
!
WARNING! The inside of the muffler contain
chemicals that may be carcinogenic. Avoid
contact with these elements in the event of a
damaged muffler.
WARNING! Always stop the engine before
doing any work on the cutting attachment.
This continues to rotate even after the
throttle has been released. Ensure that the
cutting attachment has stopped completely
and disconnect the HT lead from the spark
plug before you start to work on it.
WARNING! Bear in mind that:
The exhaust fumes from the engine are hot
and may contain sparks which can start a
fire. Never start the machine indoors or near
combustible material!
!
WARNING! A faulty cutting attachment may
increase the risk of accidents.
Trimmer head
Locking nut
IMPORTANT!
Always ensure the trimmer cord is wound tightly and evenly
around the drum, otherwise the machine will generate
harmful vibration.
A locking nut is used to secure some types of cutting
attachment.
When fitting, tighten the nut in the opposite direction to the
direction of rotation of the cutting attachment. To remove it,
undo the nut in the same direction as the cutting attachment
rotates. (CAUTION! The nut has a left-hand thread.)
•
•
Only use the recommended trimmer heads and trimmer
cords. These have been tested by the manufacturer to suit
a particular engine size. This is especially important when
a fully automatic trimmer head is used. Only use the
recommended cutting attachment. See the chapter on
Technical data.
•
Smaller machines generally require small trimmer heads
and vice versa. This is because when clearing using a
cord the engine must throw out the cord radially from the
trimmer head and overcome the resistance of the grass
being cleared.
•
The length of the cord is also important. A longer cord
requires greater engine power than a shorter cord of the
same diameter.
•
Make sure that the cutter on the trimmer guard is intact.
This is used to cut the cord to the correct length.
•
To increase the life of the cord it can be soaked in water
for a couple of days. This will make the line tougher so that
it lasts longer.
Tighten the nut using the socket spanner. 35-50 Nm (3.55 kpm).
The nylon lining inside the locking nut must not be so worn
that you can turn it by hand. The lining should offer a
resistance of at least 1.5 Nm. The nut should be replaced
after it has been put on approx. 10 times.
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
English
–9
ASSEMBLY
Fitting the loop handle
•
Position the handle on the shaft. Note that the handle
must be mounted below the arrow on the shaft.
Fitting the trimmer guard and
trimmer head
•
Fit the correct trimmer guard (A) for use with the trimmer
head.
Hook the trimmer guard/combination guard onto the fitting
on the shaft and secure with the bolt (L).
•
Fit the screw, securing plate and wing nut as shown in the
diagram.
•
Fit the drive disc (B) on the output shaft.
•
Tighten the wing nut.
•
Turn the blade shaft until one of the holes in the drive disc
aligns with the corresponding hole in the gear housing.
•
Insert the locking pin (C) in the hole to lock the shaft.
•
Screw on the trimmer head/plastic blades (H) in the
opposite direction to the direction of rotation.
Fitting the trimmer head
When fitting the cutting attachment it is extremely important
that the raised section on the drive disc/support flange
engages correctly in the centre hole of the cutting attachment.
If the cutting attachment is fitted incorrectly it can result in
serious and/or fatal personal injury.
H
H
•
!
To dismantle, follow the instructions in the reverse order.
WARNING! Never use a cutting attachment
without an approved guard. See the chapter
on Technical data. If an incorrect or faulty
guard is fitted this can cause serious
personal injury.
10 – English
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
FUEL HANDLING
Fuel safety
Gasoline
Never start the machine:
1
If you have spilt fuel on it. Wipe off the spillage and allow
remaining fuel to evaporate.
2
If you have spilt fuel on yourself or your clothes, change
your clothes. Wash any part of your body that has come in
contact with fuel. Use soap and water.
3
If the machine is leaking fuel. Check regularly for leaks
from the fuel cap and fuel lines.
Transport and storage
•
Store and transport the machine and fuel so that there is
no risk of any leakage or fumes coming into contact with
sparks or naked flames, for example, from electrical
machinery, electric motors, electrical relays/switches or
boilers.
•
When storing and transporting fuel always use approved
containers intended for this purpose.
•
When storing the machine for long periods the fuel tank
must be emptied. Contact your local gas station to find out
where to dispose of excess fuel.
•
•
•
CAUTION! Always use a quality gasoline/oil mixture with an
octane rating of at least 87 octane ((RON+MON)/2). If your
machine is equipped with a catalytic converter (see chapter
on Technical data) always use a good quality unleaded
gasoline/oil mixture. Leaded gasoline will destroy the catalytic
converter.
Use low-emission gasoline, also known as alkylate gasoline,
if it is available.
This engine is certified to operate on unleaded gasoline.
•
Ensure the machine is cleaned and that a complete
service is carried out before long-term storage.
The lowest recommended octane grade is 87
((RON+MON)/2). If you run the engine on a lower octane
grade than 87 so-called knocking can occur. This gives
rise to a high engine temperature and increased bearing
load, which can result in serious engine damage.
•
The transport guard must always be fitted to the cutting
attachment when the machine is being transported or in
storage.
When working at continuous high revs a higher octane
rating is recommended.
Two-stroke oil
In order to prevent unintentional starting of the engine, the
spark plug cap must always be removed during long-term
storage, if the machine is not under close supervision and
when performing all service measures.
!
WARNING! Take care when handling fuel.
Bear in mind the risk of fire, explosion and
inhaling fumes.
•
For best results and performance use HUSQVARNA twostroke engine oil, which is specially formulated for our aircooled two stroke-engines.
•
Never use two-stroke oil intended for water-cooled
engines, sometimes referred to as outboard oil (rated
TCW).
•
Never use oil intended for four-stroke engines.
•
Mixing ratio
1:50 (2%) with HUSQVARNA two-stroke oil.
Fuel
CAUTION! The machine is equipped with a two-stroke
engine and must always been run using a mixture of gasoline
and two-stroke engine oil. It is important to accurately
measure the amount of oil to be mixed to ensure that the
correct mixture is obtained. When mixing small amounts of
fuel, even small inaccuracies can drastically affect the ratio of
the mixture.
!
WARNING! Fuel and fuel fumes are highly
inflammable and can cause serious injury
when inhaled or allowed to come in contact
with the skin. For this reason observe
caution when handling fuel and make sure
there is adequate ventilation.
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
Gasoline, litre
Two-stroke oil, litre
2% (1:50)
5
0,10
10
0,20
15
0,30
20
0,40
US gallon
US fl. oz.
1
2 1/2
2 1/2
6 1/2
5
12 7/8
English
– 11
FUEL HANDLING
Fueling
Mixing
•
Always mix the gasoline and oil in a clean container
intended for fuel.
•
Always start by filling half the amount of the gasoline to be
used. Then add the entire amount of oil. Mix (shake) the
fuel mixture. Add the remaining amount of gasoline.
•
!
Mix (shake) the fuel mixture thoroughly before filling the
machine’s fuel tank.
WARNING! Taking the following precautions,
will lessen the risk of fire:
Do not smoke or place hot objects near fuel.
Always shut off the engine before refuelling.
Always stop the engine and let it cool for a
few minutes before refuelling.
When refuelling, open the fuel cap slowly so
that any excess pressure is released gently.
Tighten the fuel cap carefully after refuelling.
Always move the machine away from the
refuelling area before starting.
•
Do not mix more than one month’s supply of fuel at a time.
•
•
If the machine is not used for some time the fuel tank
should be emptied and cleaned.
Clean the area around the fuel cap. Contamination in the
tank can cause operating problems.
•
Ensure that the fuel is well mixed by shaking the container
before filling the tank.
!
WARNING! The catalytic converter muffler
gets very hot during and after use. This also
applies during idling. Be aware of the fire
hazard, especially when working near
flammable substances and/or vapours.
12 – English
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
STARTING AND STOPPING
Check before starting
!
WARNING! When the engine is started with
the choke in either the choke or start throttle
positions the cutting attachment will start to
rotate immediately.
•
Never start the machine indoors. Exhaust fumes can be
dangerous if inhaled.
•
Observe your surroundings and make sure that there is no
risk of people or animals coming into contact with the
cutting equipment.
•
Place the machine on the ground, ensure the cutting
attachment is clear of twigs and stones. Hold the body of
the machine on the ground using your left hand
(CAUTION! Not with your foot). Then grip the starter
handle with your right hand and pull the starter cord.
Starting and stopping
!
WARNING! The complete clutch cover and
shaft must be fitted before the machine is
started, otherwise the clutch can come loose
and cause personal injury.
Always move the machine away from the
refuelling area before starting. Place the
machine on a flat surface. Ensure the cutting
attachment cannot come into contact with
any object.
Make sure no unauthorised persons are in
the working area, otherwise there is a risk of
serious personal injury. The safety distance
is 15 metres.
Starting
Primer bulb: Press the air purge repeatedly until fuel begins
to fill the bulb. The bulb need not be completely filled.
For safety reasons follow these recommendations!
•
•
Check that the support flange is not cracked due to fatigue
or due to being tightened too much. Discard the support
flange if it is cracked.
Ensure the locking nut has not lost its captive force. The
nut lock should have a locking force of at least 1.5 Nm.
The tightening torque of the locking nut should be 35-50
Nm.
•
Check that the trimmer head and trimmer guard are not
damaged or cracked. Replace the trimmer head or
trimmer guard if they have been exposed to impact or are
cracked.
•
Never use the machine without a guard nor with a
defective guard.
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
Choke: Set the choke control in the choke position.
Hold the body of the machine on the ground using your left
hand (CAUTION! Not with your foot!). Grip the starter handle,
slowly pull out the cord with your right hand until you feel
some resistance (the starter pawls grip), now quickly and
powerfully pull the cord. Never wrap the starter cord around
your hand
English
– 13
STARTING AND STOPPING
Repeat pulling the cord until the engine starts. When the
engine starts. return choke control to run position and apply
full throttle; the throttle will automatically disengage from the
start setting.
CAUTION! Do not pull the starter cord all the way out and do
not let go of the starter handle when the cord is fully extended.
This can damage the machine.
CAUTION!
Do not put any part of your body in marked area. Contact can
result in burns to the skin, or electrical shock if the spark plug
cap has been damaged. Always use gloves. Do not use a
machine with damaged spark plug cap.
Stopping
The engine is switched off by moving the stop switch to the
stop position.
CAUTION! The stop switch automatically returns to the start
position. In order to prevent unintentional starting, the spark
plug cap must be removed from the spark plug when
assembling, checking and/or performing maintenance.
14 – English
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
WORKING TECHNIQUES
General working instructions
6
Always hold the machine with both hands. Hold the
machine on the right side of your body.
7
Keep the cutting attachment below waist level.
8
Switch off the engine before moving to another area. Fit
the transport guard before carrying or transporting the
equipment any distance.
9
Never put the machine down with the engine running
unless you have it in clear sight.
IMPORTANT!
This section takes up the basic safety precautions for
working with a trimmer.
If you encounter a situation where you are uncertain how to
proceed you should ask an expert. Contact your dealer or
your service workshop.
Avoid all usage which you consider to be beyond your
capability.
You must understand the difference between forestry
clearing, grass clearing and grass trimming before use.
Basic safety rules
1
Look around you:
•
To ensure that people, animals or other things cannot
affect your control of the machine.
•
To ensure that people, animals, etc., do not come into
contact with the cutting attachment or loose objects that
are thrown out by the cutting attachment.
•
CAUTION! Do not use the machine unless you are able to
call for help in the event of an accident.
2
Inspect the working area. Remove all loose objects, such
as stones, broken glass, nails, steel wire, string, etc. that
could be thrown out or become wrapped around the
cutting attachment.
3
Do not use the machine in bad weather, such as dense
fog, heavy rain, strong wind, intense cold, etc. Working in
bad weather is tiring and often brings added risks, such as
icy ground, unpredictable felling direction, etc.
4
!
WARNING! Neither the operator of the
machine nor anyone else may attempt to
remove the cut material while the engine is
running or the cutting equipment is rotating,
as this can result in serious injury.
Stop the engine and cutting equipment
before you remove material that has wound
around the blade shaft as otherwise there is
a risk of injury. The bevel gear can get hot
during use and may remain so for a while
afterwards. You could get burnt if you touch
it.
!
Make sure you can move and stand safely. Check the area
around you for possible obstacles (roots, rocks, branches,
ditches, etc.) in case you have to move suddenly. Take
great care when working on sloping ground.
WARNING! Watch out for thrown objects.
Always wear approved eye protection. Never
lean over the cutting attachment guard.
Stones, rubbish, etc. can be thrown up into
the eyes causing blindness or serious injury.
Keep unauthorised persons at a distance.
Children, animals, onlookers and helpers
should be kept outside the safety zone of 15
m. Stop the machine immediately if anyone
approaches. Never swing the machine
around without first checking behind you to
make sure no-one is within the safety zone.
Basic working techniques
5
Keep a good balance and a firm foothold.
Always slow the engine to idle speed after each working
operation. Long periods at full throttle without any load on the
engine can lead to serious engine damage.
!
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
WARNING! Sometimes branches or grass
get caught between the guard and cutting
attachment. Always stop the engine before
cleaning.
English
– 15
WORKING TECHNIQUES
Grass trimming with a trimmer head
Sweeping
•
The fan effect of the rotating cord can be used for quick
and easy clearing up. Hold the cord parallel to and above
the area to be swept and move the tool to and fro.
•
When cutting and sweeping you should use full throttle to
obtain the best results.
Trimming
•
Hold the trimmer head just above the ground at an angle.
It is the end of the cord that does the work. Let the cord
work at its own pace. Never press the cord into the area
to be cut.
•
The cord can easily remove grass and weeds up against
walls, fences, trees and borders, however it can also
damage sensitive bark on trees and bushes, and damage
fence posts.
•
Reduce the risk of damaging plants by shortening the
cord to 10-12 cm and reducing the engine speed.
Clearing
•
The clearing technique removes all unwanted vegetation.
Keep the trimmer head just above the ground and tilt it. Let
the end of the cord strike the ground around trees, posts,
statues and the like. CAUTION! This technique increases
the wear on the cord.
•
The cord wears quicker and must be fed forward more
often when working against stones, brick, concrete, metal
fences, etc., than when coming into contact with trees and
wooden fences.
•
When trimming and clearing you should use less than full
throttle so that the cord lasts longer and to reduce the
wear on the trimmer head.
Cutting
•
The trimmer is ideal for cutting grass that is difficult to
reach using a normal lawn mower. Keep the cord parallel
to the ground when cutting. Avoid pressing the trimmer
head against the ground as this can ruin the lawn and
damage the tool.
•
Do not allow the trimmer head to constantly come into
contact with the ground during normal cutting. Constant
contact of this type can cause damage and wear to the
trimmer head.
16 – English
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
MAINTENANCE
Carburetor
Your Husqvarna product has been designed and
manufactured to specifications that reduce harmful
emissions. After the engine has used 8-10 tanks of fuel the
engine will be run-in. To ensure that it continues to run at peak
performance and to minimise harmful exhaust emissions
after the running-in period, ask your dealer/service workshop
(who will have a rev counter at their disposal) to adjust your
carburettor.
!
WARNING! The complete clutch cover and
shaft must be fitted before the machine is
started, otherwise the clutch can come loose
and cause personal injury.
!
Fine adjustment
•
The carburetor governs the engine’s speed via the throttle
control. Air and fuel are mixed in the carburetor. The air/
fuel mixture is adjustable. Correct adjustment is essential
to get the best performance from the machine.
•
The setting of the carburetor means that the engine is
adapted to local conditions, for example, the climate,
altitude, fuel and the type of 2-stroke oil.
•
The carburetor has three adjustment controls:
L = Low speed jet
H = High speed jet
T = Idle adjustment screw
When the machine has been ”run-in” the carburetor
should be finely adjusted. The fine adjustment should
be carried out by a qualified person. First adjust the Ljet, then the idling screw T and then the H-jet.
Conditions
•
Before any adjustments are made, make sure that the air
filter is clean and the air filter cover is fitted. If you adjust
the carburettor when the air filter is dirty it will result in a
leaner mixture when the filter is finally cleaned. This can
lead to serious engine damage.
•
Carefully turn both jets, L and H, so that they are midway
between fully screwed in and fully screwed out.
•
Do not attempt to adjust the L and H jets beyond either
stop as this could cause damage.
•
Now start the machine according to the starting
instructions and let it warm up for 10 minutes.
Function
•
WARNING! If the idle speed cannot be
adjusted so that the cutting attachment
stops, contact your dealer/service
workshop. Do not use the machine until it
has been correctly adjusted or repaired.
Low speed jet L
Try to find the highest idling speed, turning the low speed
needle L clockwise respectively counter-clockwise. When the
highest speed has been found, turn the low speed needle L 1/
4 turn counter-clockwise.
+ 1/4
L
•
•
The L and H-jets are used to adjust the supply of fuel to
match the rate that air is admitted, which is controlled with
the throttle. If they are screwed clockwise the air/fuel ratio
becomes leaner (less fuel) and if they are turned anticlockwise the ratio becomes richer (more fuel). A lean
mixture gives a higher engine speed and a rich mixture
gives a lower engine speed.
The T-screw regulates the throttle setting at idle speed. If
the T-screw is turned clockwise this gives a higher idle
speed; turning it anti-clockwise gives a lower idle speed.
Basic setting
•
CAUTION! If the cutting attachment rotates when the engine
is idling the idle adjustment screw T should be turned anticlockwise until the cutting attachment stops.
Fine adjustment of the idle speed T
Adjust the idle speed using the idle adjustment screw T, if it is
necessary to readjust. First turn the idle adjustment screw T
clockwise until the cutting attachment starts to rotate. Then
turn the screw anticlockwise until the cutting attachment
stops. The idle speed is correctly adjusted when the engine
will run smoothly in every position. The idle speed should also
be well below the speed at which the cutting attachment starts
to rotate.
The basic carburetor settings are adjusted during testing
at the factory. The basic setting is richer than the optimal
setting and should be maintained for the first few hours the
machine is in use. The carburettor should then be finely
adjusted. Fine adjustment should be carried out by a
skilled technician.
CAUTION! If the cutting attachment rotates when the engine
is idling the idle adjustment screw T should be turned anticlockwise until the cutting attachment stops.
Rec. idle speed 2700 rpm
Recommended max. speed: See the Technical data section.
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
WARNING! If the idle speed cannot be adjusted so that the
cutting attachment stops, contact your dealer/service
workshop. Do not use the machine until it has been correctly
adjusted or repaired.
English
– 17
MAINTENANCE
High speed jet H
The high speed jet H affects the engine power, speed,
temperature and fuel consumption. If the high speed jet H is
set too lean (screwed in too far) the engine speed will be too
high and cause engine damage. Do not let the engine run at
full speed for more than 10 seconds.
Apply full throttle and turn the high speed jet H very slowly
clockwise until the engine slows down. Then turn the high
speed jet H very slowly anticlockwise until the engine starts to
run unevenly. Now turn the high speed jet H slowly clockwise
a little way until the engine runs smoothly.
Note that the engine should not be under load when you
adjust the high speed jet H. You should therefore remove the
cutting attachment, nut, support flange and drive disc before
adjusting the high speed jet H.
The high speed jet H is adjusted correctly when the machine
burbles a little. If the machine races then the setting is too
lean. If the engine produces a lot of smoke and burbles a lot
then the setting is too rich.
The muffler is designed to reduce the noise level and to direct
the exhaust gases away from the operator. The exhaust
gases are hot and can contain sparks, which may cause fire
if directed against dry and combustible material.
Some mufflers are equipped with a special spark arrestor
mesh. If your machine has this type of muffler, you should
clean the mesh at least once a week. This is best done with a
wire brush. On mufflers without a catalytic converter the mesh
should be cleaned weekly, or replaced if necessary. On
mufflers fitted with a catalytic converter the mesh should be
checked, and if necessary cleaned, monthly. If the mesh is
damaged it should be replaced.
If the mesh is frequently blocked, this can be a sign that the
performance of the catalytic converter is impaired. Contact
your dealer to inspect the muffler. A blocked mesh will cause
the machine to overheat and result in damage to the cylinder
and piston.
CAUTION! Never use a machine with a defective muffler.
H
CAUTION! For optimum adjustment of the carburettor,
contact a qualified dealer/service workshop that has a
revolution counter at their disposal.
!
Correctly adjusted carburetor
When the carburetor is correctly adjusted the machine will
accelerate without hesitation and burble a little at maximum
speed. It is also important that the cutting attachment does
not rotate at idle. If the low speed jet L is set too lean it may
cause starting difficulties and poor acceleration.
If the high speed jet H is set too lean it will result in less power,
less performance, poor acceleration and/or damage to the
engine.
WARNING! Mufflers fitted with catalytic
converters get very hot during use and
remain so for some time after stopping. This
also applies at idle speed. Contact can result
in burns to the skin. Remember the risk of
fire!
Cooling system
To keep the working temperature as low as possible the
machine is equipped with a cooling system.
4
If both the L and H jets are set too rich it will results in
acceleration problems or too low a working speed.
3
Muffler
CAUTION! Some mufflers are fitted with a catalytic
converter. See chapter on Technical data to see whether your
machine is fitted with a catalytic converter.
2
1
The cooling system consists of:
18 – English
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
MAINTENANCE
1
2
3
4
Air intake on the starter.
Fins on the flywheel.
Cooling fins on the cylinder.
Cylinder cover (directs cold air over the cylinder).
Cleaning the air filter
Remove the air filter cover and take out the filter. Wash it
clean in warm, soapy water. Ensure that the filter is dry before
refitting it.
Clean the cooling system with a brush once a week, more
often in demanding conditions. A dirty or blocked cooling
system results in the machine overheating which causes
damage to the piston and cylinder.
An air filter that has been in use for a long time cannot be
cleaned completely. The filter must therefore be replaced with
a new one at regular intervals. A damaged air filter must
always be replaced.
Spark plug
If the machine is used in dusty conditions the air filter should
be soaked in oil. See instructions under the heading Oiling the
air filter.
Oiling the air filter
The spark plug condition is influenced by:
• Incorrect carburetor adjustment.
• An incorrect fuel mixture (too much or incorrect type of
oil).
• A dirty air filter.
These factors cause deposits on the spark plug electrodes,
which may result in operating problems and starting
difficulties.
If the machine is low on power, difficult to start or runs poorly
at idle speed: always check the spark plug first before taking
any further action. If the spark plug is dirty, clean it and check
that the electrode gap is 0.5 mm (0,020"). The spark plug
should be replaced after about a month in operation or earlier
if necessary.
Always use HUSQVARNA filter oil, art. no. 531 00 92-48. The
filter oil contains a solvent to make it spread evenly through
the filter. You should therefore avoid skin contact.
Put the filter in a plastic bag and pour the filter oil over it.
Knead the plastic bag to distribute the oil. Squeeze the
excess oil out of the filter inside the plastic bag and pour off
the excess before fitting the filter to the machine. Never use
common engine oil. This would drain through the filter quite
quickly and collect in the bottom.
Bevel gear
CAUTION! Always use the recommended spark plug type!
Use of the wrong spark plug can damage the piston/cylinder.
Check that the spark plug is fitted with a suppressor.
The bevel gear is filled with the right quantity of grease at the
factory. However, before using the machine you should check
that the bevel gear is filled three-quarters full with grease. Use
HUSQVARNA special grease.
Air filter
The air filter must be regularly cleaned to remove dust and dirt
in order to avoid:
• Carburettor malfunctions
• Starting problems
• Loss of engine power
• Unnecessary wear to engine parts
• Excessive fuel consumption.
The grease in the bevel gear does not normally need to be
changed except if repairs are carried out.
CAUTION! Use only HUSQVARNA replacement parts. Use
of other brands of replacement parts can cause damage to
your unit or injury to the operator or others. Your warranty
does not cover damage or liability caused by the use of
accessories and/or attachments not specifically
recommended by HUSQVARNA.
Clean the filter every 25 hours, or more regularly if conditions
are exceptionally dusty.
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
English
– 19
MAINTENANCE
Maintenance schedule
The following is a list of the maintenance that must be performed on the machine. Most of the items are described in the
Maintenance section.
Maintenance
Daily
maintenance
Clean the outside of the machine.
X
Make sure the throttle trigger lock and the throttle function correctly from a
safety point of view.
X
Check that the stop switch works correctly.
X
Check that the cutting attachment does not rotate at idle.
X
Clean the air filter. Replace if necessary.
X
Check that the guard is undamaged and not cracked. Replace the guard if
it has been exposed to impact or is cracked.
X
Check that the trimmer head is undamaged and not cracked. Replace the
trimmer head if necessary.
X
Check that the locking nut of the cutting equipment is tighten correctly.
X
Check that nuts and screws are tight.
X
Check that there are no fuel leaks from the engine, tank or fuel lines.
X
Weekly
maintenance
Check the starter and starter cord.
X
Check that the vibration damping elements are not damaged.
X
Clean the outside of the spark plug. Remove it and check the electrode
gap. Adjust the gap to 0.5 mm (.20”), or replace the spark plug. Check that
the spark plug is fitted with a suppressor.
X
Clean the machines cooling system.
X
Clean or replace the spark arrestor mesh on the muffler (only applies to
mufflers without a catalytic converter).
X
Clean the outside of the carburettor and the space around it.
X
Check that the bevel gear is filled three-quarters full with lubricant. Fill if
necessary using special grease.
X
Monthly
maintenance
Check the fuel filter from contamination and the fuel hose from cracks or
other defects. Replace if necessary.
X
Check all cables and connections.
X
Check the clutch, clutch springs and the clutch drum for wear. Replace if
necessary by an autorized service workshop.
X
Replace the spark plug. Check that the spark plug is fitted with a
suppressor.
X
Check and clean the spark arrestor mesh on the muffler (only applies to
mufflers fitted with a catalytic converter).
X
20 – English
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical data
223L
Engine
Cylinder displacement, cu.in/cm3
1,50/24,5
Cylinder bore, inch/mm
1,34/34,0
Stroke, inch/mm
1,06/27
Idle speed, rpm
2700
Recommended max. fast idle speed, rpm
11000-11700
Speed of output shaft, rpm
8014
Max. engine output, acc. to ISO 8893, kW/ rpm
0,75/9000
Catalytic converter muffler
Yes
Speed-regulated ignition system
No
Ignition system
Manufacturer/type of ignition system
Walbro MB
Spark plug
Champion RCJ 7Y/
NGK BPMR 7A
Electrode gap, inch/mm
0,02/0,5
Fuel and lubrication system
Manufacturer/type of carburetor
Zama C1Q
Fuel tank capacity, US pint/litre
1,06/0,5
Weight
Weight without fuel, cutting attachment and guard, Lbs/kg
9,0/4,1
Sound levels
(see note 1)
Equivalent sound pressure level at the user′s ear, measured
according to ANSI B175.3-2003, dB(A), min/max:
91/98
Vibration levels
Vibration levels at handles, measured according to ANSI
B175.3-2003, m/s2
At max. speed, front/rear handles, min:
3,9/5,9
At max. speed, front/rear handles, max:
9,7/13,5
Note 1: Equivalent noise pressure level is calculated as the time-weighted energy total for noise pressure levels under various
working conditions with the following time distribution: 1/2 idle and 1/2 max. speed.
NOTE! Noise pressure at the user’s ear and vibration on the handles are measured with all the machine’s approved cutting
equipment fitted. The table indicates the highest and lowest values.
223L
Approved accessories
Type
Cutting attachment guard, Art. no.
Plastic blades
Tricut Ø 300 mm
503 93 42-02
Trimmer head
Trimmy Fix
503 93 42-02
T25
503 93 42-02
T35
503 93 42-02
Arbor shaft thread M10
S35
503 93 42-02
Approved accessories
Art No.
Cutting attachment guard, Art. no.
J-handle set including grass blade Grass 255-4 1”
(Ø 255 4-teeth)
537 04 85-04
503 93 42-02
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
English
– 21
FEDERAL AND CALIFORNIA EMISSIONS CONTROL WARRANTY STATEMENT
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND
OBLIGATIONS
The EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency), CARB
(California Air Resources Board), Environment Canada and
Husqvarna Forest & Garden are pleased to explain the
emissions control system’s warranty on your 2009 and later
small off-road engine. In U.S. and Canada, new equipment
that use small off-road engines must be designed, built, and
equipped to meet the applicable Federal or Californian
stringent anti-smog standards. Husqvarna Forest & Garden
must warrant the emissions control system on your small offroad engine for the period listed below provided there has
been no abuse, neglect or improper maintenance of your
equipment. Your emissions control system may include parts
such as the carburetor, ignition system, catalytic converter,
fuel tank, filters and other associated components. Also,
included may be hoses, belts, connectors, sensors, and other
emission-related assemblies. Where a warrantable condition
exists, Husqvarna Forest & Garden will repair your small offroad engine at no cost to you including diagnosis, parts and
labor.
MANUFACTURER′S WARRANTY
COVERAGE
The emissions control system is warranted for two years. If
any emissions-related part on your equipment is defective,
the part will be repaired or replaced by Husqvarna Forest &
Garden.
OWNER′S WARRANTY RESPONSIBILITIES
•
As the small off-road engine owner, you are responsible
for performance of the required maintenance listed in your
operator’s manual. Husqvarna Forest & Garden
recommends that you retain all receipts covering
maintenance on your small off-road engine, but
Husqvarna Forest & Garden cannot deny warranty solely
for the lack of receipts or your failure to ensure the
performance of all scheduled maintenance.
•
As the small off-road engine owner, you should however
be aware that Husqvarna Forest & Garden may deny you
warranty coverage if your small off-road engine or a part
has failed due to abuse, neglect, or improper maintenance
or unapproved modifications.
•
You are responsible for presenting your small off-road
engine to a Husqvarna Forest & Garden distribution
center or service center as soon as the problem exists.
The warranty repairs should be completed in a reasonable
amount of time, not to exceed 30 days. If you have any
questions regarding your warranty rights and
responsibilities, you should contact your nearest
authorized servicing dealer or call Husqvarna Forest &
Garden at 1-800-487-5951 or visit
www.usa.husqvarna.com.
LENGTH OF COVERAGE
Husqvarna Forest & Garden warrants to the ultimate
purchaser and each subsequent owner that the engine or
equipment is designed, built, and equipped so as to conform
with all applicable regulations adopted by EPA and CARB,
and is free from defects in materials and workmanship that
causes the failure of a warranted part for a period of two
years.
WHAT IS COVERED
REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF PARTS Repair or
replacement of any warranted part under the warranty must
be performed at no charge to the owner at a warranty station.
Warranty services or repairs will be provided at all Husqvarna
Forest & Garden distribution centers that are franchised to
service the subject engines. Throughout the emissions
warranty period of two years, Husqvarna Forest & Garden
must maintain a supply of warranted parts sufficient to meet
the expected demand for such parts.
WARRANTY PERIOD Any warranted part that is scheduled
for replacement as required in the maintenance schedule, is
warranted for the period of time prior to the first scheduled
replacement point for that part. If the part fails prior to the first
scheduled replacement, the part will be repaired or replaced
by Husqvarna Forest & Garden at no cost. Any such part
repaired or replaced under warranty is warranted for the
remainder of the period prior to the first scheduled
replacement point for the part. Any warranted part that is not
scheduled for replacement as required in the maintenance
schedule, is warranted for two years. If any such part fails
during the period of warranty coverage, it will be repaired and
replaced by Husqvarna Forest & Garden at no cost. Any such
part repaired or replaced under the warranty is warranted for
the remaining warranty period. Any warranted part that is
scheduled only for regular inspection in the maintenance
schedule will be warranted for a period of two years. A
statement in such written instructions to the effect of ”repair or
replace as necessary” will not reduce the period of warranty
coverage. Any such part repaired or replaced under warranty
will be warranted for the remaining warranty period.
DIAGNOSIS The owner must not be charged for diagnostic
labor that leads to the determination that a warranted part is
in fact defective, provided that such diagnostic work is
performed at a warranty station.
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES Husqvarna Forest & Garden
is liable for damages to other engine components proximately
caused by a failure under warranty of any warranted part.
EMISSION WARRANTY PARTS LIST
1
Carburetor and internal parts
2
Intake pipe, airfilter holder and carburetor bolts.
3
Airfilter and fuelfilter covered up to maintenance schedule.
4
Spark Plug, covered up to maintenance schedule
WARRANTY COMMENCEMENT DATE
5
Ignition Module
The warranty period begins on the date the engine or
equipment is delivered to an ultimate purchaser.
6
Muffler with catalytic converter
7
Fuel tank
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
English
– 22
FEDERAL AND CALIFORNIA EMISSIONS CONTROL WARRANTY STATEMENT
WHAT IS NOT COVERED
All failures caused by abuse, neglect or improper
maintenance are not covered.
ADD -ON OR MODIFIED PARTS
Add-on or modified parts that are not exempted by CARB or
EPA may not be used. The use of any non-exempted add-on
or modified parts will be grounds for disallowing a warranty
claim. Husqvarna Forest & Garden will not be liable to warrant
failures of warranted parts caused by the use of a nonexempted add-on or modified part.
HOW TO FILE A CLAIM
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and
responsibilities, you should contact your nearest authorized
servicing dealer or call Husqvarna Forest & Garden at 1-800487-5951 or visit www.usa.husqvarna.com.
WHERE TO GET WARRANTY SERVICE
Warranty services or repairs are provided through all
Husqvarna Forest & Garden authorized servicing dealers.
MAINTENANCE, REPLACEMENT AND
REPAIR OF EMISSION-RELATED PARTS
Any replacement part may be used in the performance of any
warranty maintenance or repairs and must be provided
without charge to the owner. Such use will not reduce the
warranty obligations of the manufacturer.
MAINTENANCE STATEMENT
The owner is responsible for the performance of all required
maintenance, as defined in the operator’s manual.
23 – English
1151414-95 Rev. 1 2008-12-23
T25
2
3
2,0-2,4 mm
.079-.095"
1
6,0 m
18'
10 cm
4"
3,05 m
9'
4
5
6
7
8
"Clic"
15 cm
6"
9
T35, T35x
2
3
2,4-2,7 mm
.095-.106"
1
8,5 m
28'
10 cm
4"
4,3 m
14'
4
5
6
7
8
"Clic"
15 cm
6"
9
S35
2
3
2,4-2,7 mm
.095-.106"
1
8,5 m
28'
10 cm
4"
4,2 m
14'
4
5
6
7
8
"Clic"
10
11
15 cm
6"
S35
3
2
2,4-2,7 mm
.095-.106"
1
4,25 m
4,25 m
14'
14'
4
5
15 cm
6"
A
B
15 cm
6"
1151414-95
´®z+SIQ¶5B¨
´®z+SIQ¶5B¨
2009-01-07