Wireless-N Broadband AP / Router
User’s Manual
Version 1.3
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference
will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
-
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
IMPORTANT NOTE:
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment.
This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance 20cm between the radiator &
your body.
If this device is going to be operated in 5.15 ~ 5.25GHz frequency range, then it is restricted in indoor
environment only.
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or
transmitter.
The WRTR-501( FCC ID: RYK-WRTR501 ) is limited in CH1~CH11 for 2.4 GHz by specified
firmware controlled in U.S.A.
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Copyright Statement
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in
any form or by any means, whether electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or
otherwise without the prior writing of the publisher.
JULY 2007
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Contents
1. Introduction ............................................................................................................... 4
2. Safety Notification .................................................................................................... 5
3. Hardware Installation................................................................................................ 6
4. How to Configuring the 11n Router......................................................................... 9
4.1 Setup – Basic Setup ............................................................................................. 10
4.2 Setup – DDNS........................................................................................................ 14
4.3 Setup – MAC Address Clone................................................................................ 16
4.4 Wireless – Basic Wireless Settings..................................................................... 17
4.5 Wireless – Wireless Security ............................................................................... 19
4.6 Wireless – Wireless MAC Filter............................................................................ 20
4.7 Wireless – Advanced Wireless Settings ............................................................. 21
4.8 Wireless – Wireless WDS Settings ...................................................................... 23
4.9 Security – VPN Passthrough................................................................................ 24
4.10 Access Restrictions – Internet Access Policy.................................................. 25
4.11 Application & Gaming – Port Range Forwarding ............................................. 27
4.12 Application & Gaming – Port Range Triggering ............................................... 28
4.13 Application & Gaming – DMZ ............................................................................. 29
4.14 Administration – Management ........................................................................... 30
4.15 Administration – Log .......................................................................................... 32
4.16 Administration – Diagnostics ............................................................................ 33
4.17 Administration – Factory Defaults..................................................................... 34
4.18 Administration – Firmware Upgrade ................................................................. 35
4.19 Status – Router.................................................................................................... 36
4.20 Status – Local Network....................................................................................... 38
4.21 Status – Wireless Network ................................................................................. 39
5. Troubleshooting – Q & A ........................................................................................ 40
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1. Introduction
Thank you for purchasing your Wireless 802.11n AP Router.
This user guide will assist you with the installation procedure.
The package you have received should contain the following items:
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Wireless 802.11n AP Router
Quick Installation Guide
User Manual CD-ROM
3 Detachable Antennas
Universal AC/DC Power Adapter
RJ-45 Network Cable
Warranty Card
Note: if anything is missing, please contact your vendor
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2. Safety Notification
Your Wireless AP Router should be placed in a safe and secure location. To ensure proper operation,
please keep the unit away from water and other damaging elements. Please read the user manual
thoroughly before you install the device.
The device should only be repaired by authorized and qualified engineer.
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Please do not try to open or repair the device yourself.
Do not place the device in a damp or humid location, i.e. a bathroom.
The device should be placed in a sheltered and non-slip location within a temperature range of +5
to +40 Celsius degree.
Please do not expose the device to direct sunlight or other heat sources. The housing and
electronic components may be damaged by direct sunlight or heat sources.
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3. Hardware Installation
Front Panel
The front panel provides LED’s for device status. Refer to the following table for the meaning of each
feature.
Power
Green - When turn on the power, this led light.
Wireless
Green - When wireless is available, this led lights. And When
transmit/receive the data, this led is blinking
LAN1-LAN4, WAN
Green - When link is established, these leds light. And when
transmit or receive the data, these led is blinking.
Security
Orange - While WPS function is working after WPS switch is
pushed and, this led is blinking
DIAG
Red - This led is blinking during the FW update or when system is
abnormal Firmware defines the action.
Router
Green - When Router is working as "Bridge", this LED light
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Rear Panel
The rear panel features 4 LAN ports, 1 WAN port and Reset button. Refer to the following table for
the meaning of each feature.
Power
RESET
Power
Internet
LAN
The POWER port is where you will connect the power adapter.
WAN
The WAN port is where you will connect your broadband Internet connection.
LAN
1,2,3,4
These ports (1, 2, 3, 4) connect the Router to your networked PCs and other Ethernet
network devices.
RESET Button
The RESET button can restore device to factory default settings by press this button
for approx. 10 seconds during device power on status.
Router Mode
Switch router or access point mode
Switch
AP Router Default Settings
User
Password
IP Address
Subnet Mask
RF ESSID
Channel
Mode
Encryption
DHCP Server
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192.168.1.1
255.255.255.0
MIMO
6
Mixed
Disabled
Enabled
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Hardware Installation for Connection to Your Broadband Modem
1. Power off your network devices.
2. Locate an optimum location for the Router. The best place for the Router is usually at the center
of your wireless network, with line of sight to all of your wireless devices.
3. Adjust the antennas. Normally, higher location of your Router will get better performance.
4. Using a standard Ethernet network cable, connect the Router’s Internet port to your broadband
modem.
5. Connect your network PCs or Ethernet devices to the Router’s LAN ports using standard
Ethernet network cable.
6. Connect the AC power adapter to the Router's Power port. Then connect the other end to an
electrical outlet. Only use the power adapter supplied with the Router. Use of a different adapter
may cause product damage.
7. The Hardware installation is complete; please refer to the following content for Router
configuration.
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4. How to Configuring the 11n Router
TURN ON POWER SUPPLY
Quick power cycle would cause system corruption. When power on, be careful not to shut down in about 5 seconds,
because data is writing to the flash.
START UP & LOGIN
In order to configure the Wireless 11n Router, you must use web browser and manually input
http://192.168.1.1 into the Address box and press Enter. The Main Page will appear.
In order to configure the Wireless 11n Router, you must input the password into the Password box
and leave blank on the User Name box. The default password is “admin”.
Once you have logged-in as administrator, it is a good idea to change the administrator password to
ensure a secure protection to the Wireless 11n Router. The Security Settings section described later
in this manual describes how to change the password.
Once you have input the correct password and logged-in, the screen will change to the Setup page
screen.
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4.1 Setup – Basic Setup
MAKE CORRECT NETWORK SETTINGS OF YOUR COMPUTER
To change the configuration, use Internet Explorer (IE) or Netscape Communicator to connect the WEB management
192.168.1.1.
This following screen contains all of the Router's basic setup functions.
Most users will be able to configure the AP Router and get it working properly using the settings on
this screen. Some Internet Service Providers (ISPs) will require that you enter broadband specific
information into this device, such as User Name, Password, IP Address, Default Gateway Address, or
DNS IP Address for Internet access. This information can be obtained from your ISP, if required.
Internet Setup
Internet Connection Type:
♦ Automatic Configuration – DHCP
This is default connection type. If your ISP supports DHCP assigning dynamic IP address
then please select this type.
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♦
♦
Static IP
If you are required to use a fixed IP address to connect to the Internet, then select Static IP.
Internet IP Address: This is the Router’s WAN IP address. Usually it will provide by your
ISP, and need to input here.
Subnet Mask: This is the Router’s Subnet Mask. Usually it will provide by your ISP, and
need to input here.
Default Gateway: This is the Router’s Gateway Address. Usually it will provide by your ISP,
and need to input here.
DNS (1-3): Your ISP will provide you at least one DNS Server IP Address and need to input
here.
PPPoE
PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet) is one of Internet connections type. If you are
connected to the Internet through a DSL line, check with your ISP to see if they use PPPoE
type. If yes, you will have to enable PPPoE.
User Name and Password: Enter the User Name and Password provided by your ISP.
Connect on Demand: The Max Idle Time means the Router will disconnect the Internet
connection if there is no any traffic through this Router during a specified period of time. If
your Internet connection has been terminated due to over this idle time, the Connect on
Demand option will trigger the Router to automatically re-establish your connection as soon
as you try to access the Internet again.
Keep Alive: The Redial Period means the Router will periodically check your Internet
connection by Redial Period time. If the connection is disconnected, then the Router will
redial automatically for your connection.
♦
PPTP
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP), is one of VPN tunnel that can use to encrypt
data and prevent the unauthorized viewing of confidential data that is transmitted across
public networks.
Internet IP Address and Subnet Mask: This is the Router’s IP Address and Subnet Mask.
If your Internet connection requires a Static IP address, then your ISP will provide you a
Static IP Address and Subnet Mask for input here.
Default Gateway: Your ISP will provide you with the Gateway IP Address.
User Name and Password: This is PPTP login User Name and Password. Your ISP will
provide you such information for input here.
Keep Alive: The Redial Period means the Router will periodically check your Internet
connection by Redial Period time. If the connection is disconnected, then the Router will
redial automatically for your connection.
These types can be selected from the Internet Connection Type drop-down menu. The information
required and available features with minor different that depend on what kinds of connection type you
select.
Optional Settings
Your ISP may require these settings. If your ISP would provide such information, please note to
specify them into your device.
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Host Name and Domain Name: These fields allow you to input a host and domain name for the
Router. Some ISPs require these names as identification. You may have to check with your ISP to
see if your broadband Internet service has been configured with a host and domain name. In most
cases, leaving these fields blank will work.
MTU: MTU is the Maximum Transmission Unit. It specifies the largest packet size permitted for
Internet transmission. Select Manual if you want to manually enter the largest packet size that will be
transmitted. The recommended size, entered in the Size field, is 1500. You should leave this value in
the 1200 to 1500 range. To have the Router select the best MTU for your Internet connection, please
select the default setting--Auto.
Network Setup
The Network Setup section changes the Router’s local network settings.
Router IP
IP Address and Subnet Mask. This is Router’s LAN IP Address and Subnet Mask. The default IP
Address is 192.168.1.1 and the default Subnet Mask is 255.255.255.0.
DHCP Server Settings
The settings allow you to configure the Router’s Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server
function. The Router can be used as a DHCP server for your network. A DHCP server automatically
assigns an IP address to each computer on your network. If you choose to enable the Router’s DHCP
server option, you must make sure there is no other DHCP server on your network. If you disable the
Router's DHCP server function, you must configure the IP Address, Subnet Mask, and DNS for each
network computer (note that each IP Address must be unique).
DHCP Server: DHCP is enabled by factory default. If you already have a DHCP server on your
network or you do not want a DHCP server, then select Disable from the options.
Assign Static DHCP: The function can enable DHCP server to assign a same IP address for an
appointed PC. If you want a PC to be assigned the same IP address every time when it reboots, then
click the Assign Static IP button.
How to set a PC as Static DHCP client
On the Static DHCP Client List screen, enter the static local IP address in the Assign this IP field,
and enter the MAC address of the PC in the To this MAC field. Then click the Enabled checkbox.
When you have finished your entries, click the Save Settings button to save your changes.
Click the Cancel Changes button to cancel your changes. To exit this screen, click the Close
button.
How to set a DHCP client as Static DHCP client
Click the DHCP Client Table button can see a list of DHCP client. On the DHCP Client Table, you
will see a list of DHCP clients with the following information: Client Names, Interfaces, IP
Addresses, and MAC Addresses. From the To Sort by drop-down menu, you can sort the table by
Client Name, Interface, IP Address, or MAC Address. If you want to add any of the DHCP clients to
the Static DHCP Client List, then click the Save to Static DHCP Client List checkbox and then
click the Save Settings button. Click the Cancel Changes button to cancel your changes. To view
the most up-to-date information, click the Refresh button. To exit this screen, click the Close button.
Start IP Address: Enter a value for the DHCP server to start with when issuing IP addresses.
Because the Router’s default IP address is 192.168.1.1, the Starting IP Address must be 192.168.1.2
or greater, but smaller than 192.168.1.254. The default Starting IP Address is 192.168.1.100.
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Maximum Number of Users: Enter the maximum number of PCs that you want the DHCP server to
assign IP addresses to. The absolute maximum is 253 - possible if 192.168.1.1 is your starting IP
address. The default is 50.
IP Address Range: The range of DHCP addresses. This range is according to the setting of
Maximum Number of Users.
Client Lease Time: The Client Lease Time is the amount of time a network user will be allowed
connection to the Router with their current dynamic IP address. Enter the amount of time, in minutes,
that the user will be “leased” this dynamic IP address. Once the leased time is up, the user will get a
new dynamic IP address automatically. The default is 0 minutes, which means one day.
Static DNS 1-3: The Domain Name System (DNS) is how the Internet translates domain or website
names into Internet addresses or URLs. Your ISP will provide you with at least one DNS Server IP
Address. If you wish to utilize another, enter that IP Address in one of these fields. You can enter up
to 3 DNS Server IP Addresses here. The Router will use these for quicker access to functioning DNS
servers.
WINS: The Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) manages each PC’s interaction with the
Internet. If you use a WINS server, enter that server’s IP Address here. Otherwise, leave this blank.
Time Settings
Change the time zone in which your network functions from this pull-down menu. Click the checkbox
if you want the Router to automatically adjust for daylight savings time.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes.
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4.2 Setup – DDNS
The Router offers a Dynamic Domain Name System (DDNS) feature. DDNS lets you assign a fixed
host and domain name to a dynamic Internet IP address. It is useful when you are hosting your own
website, FTP server, or other server behind the Router. Before using this feature, you need to sign
up for DDNS service with one of two DDNS service providers, DynDNS.org or TZO.
DynDNS service
To enable DDNS Service using DynDNS.org, follow these instructions:
1. On the DDNS screen, select DynDNS.org from the DDNS Service Provider drop-down menu.
2. Sign up for DynDNS service at www.dyndns.org for applying one DDNS account. Write down
your account information.
3. Complete the User Name, Password, and Host Name fields.
4. Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your
changes or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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TZO service
To enable DDNS Service using TZO, follow these instructions:
1. On the DDNS screen, select TZO.com from the DDNS Service Provider drop-down menu.
2. Sign up for a free, 30-day trial of TZO service at www.tzo.com/order.html . Write down your
account information.
3. Complete the Email Address, TZO Password Key, and Domain Name fields.
4. Click the Apply button to save your changes. Click the Cancel button to cancel unsaved
changes.
Internet IP Address: The Router’s current Internet IP Address is displayed here.
Status: The status of the DDNS service connection is displayed here.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.3 Setup – MAC Address Clone
A MAC address is a 12-digit code assigned to a unique piece of hardware for identification. Some
ISPs will require you to register a MAC address in order to access the Internet. If you do not wish to
re-register the MAC address with your ISP, you may assign the MAC address you have currently
registered with your ISP to the Router with the MAC Address Clone feature.
MAC Address Clone
Enabled/Disabled: To have the MAC Address cloned, select Enabled.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC Address registered with your ISP here.
Clone My PC’s MAC: Clicking this button will clone the MAC address of the PC you are currently
using.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.4 Wireless – Basic Wireless Settings
Wireless Network
Wireless Settings
If you are using a Wireless-B, Wireless-G, Wireless-N, Wireless B+G, or Wireless BGN network
then the following settings that you may need to configure.
Wireless: You can enable or disable the wireless function.
Network Mode: From this drop-down menu, you can select the wireless standards running on your
network. If you have both 802.11g and 802.11b devices in your network, keep the default setting,
B/G Mixed. If you have only 802.11g devices, select Wireless-G Only. If you have only 802.11b
devices, select Wireless-B Only. If you have only 802.11n devices, select Wireless-N Only. If you
have both 802.11n and 802.11g and 802.11b devices in your network, select Wireless-BGN. If you
do not have any 802.11g and 802.11b devices in your network, select Disabled.
Network Name (SSID): The service set identifier ( SSID ) or network name. It is case sensitive and
must not exceed 32 characters, which may be any keyboard character. You shall have selected the
same SSID for all the APs that will be communicating with mobile wireless stations.
Radio Band: This argument is related to the bandwidth. 20MHz Channel could reach 150 Mbps,
and 40 MHz could reach 300 Mbps.
Channel: Select the appropriate channel from the list provided to correspond with your network
settings. All devices in your wireless network must broadcast on the same channel in order to
communicate.
Ext Channel: When 40MHz has been selected with Band Width, two channels of Control Channel
and Extension Channel are used.
SSID Broadcast: When wireless clients survey the local area for wireless networks to associate
with, they will detect the SSID broadcast by the Router. To broadcast the Router's SSID, keep the
default setting, Enabled. If you do not want to broadcast the Router's SSID, then select Disabled.
WPS: WPS function is an easy-to-use encryption to keep wireless connection safe and the default
setting, Enabled, is to enable it. If you do not want to enable the WPS function, then select
Disabled.
PIN Code of client: Type the client’s PIN code here then click “Connect” button then you could
start WPS connection
.
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Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.5 Wireless – Wireless Security
The Wireless Security settings configure the security of your wireless network. There are three
wireless security mode options supported by the Router: WEP, WPA-Personal(WPA-PSK), and
WPA-Enterprise(WPA), WPA2-Personal(WPA2-PSK), and WPA2-Enterprise(WPA2). WEP stands
for Wired Equivalent Privacy, while RADIUS stands for Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service.
Wireless Security
The security options are the same and independent for your Wireless-B and Wireless-G networks.
You can use different wireless security methods for your networks; however, within each network
(Wireless-B or Wireless-G), all devices must use the same security method and settings.
Security Mode:
WEP: WEP is a basic encryption method; select a level of WEP encryption, 40/64-bit or 128-bit. If
you want to use a Passphrase, then enter it in the Passphrase field and click the Generate button.
If you want to enter the WEP key manually, then enter it in the WEP Key 1-4 field(s). To indicate
which WEP key to use, select the appropriate TX Key number.
WPA-Personal(WPA-PSK), WPA2-Personal(WPA2-PSK):
This method offers two encryption methods, TKIP and AES, with dynamic encryption keys. Select
the type of encryption method you want to use, TKIP or AES. Enter the Passphrase, which can
have 8 to 63 characters. Then enter the Key Renewal period, which instructs the Router how often
it should change the encryption keys.
WPA-Enterprise(WPA), WPA2-Enterprise(WPA2)
This option features a WPA-Personal used in coordination with a RADIUS server that uses either
EAP-TLS or PEAP as its authentication method. (This should only be used when a RADIUS server
is connected to the Router.) First, select the type of encryption method you want to use, TKIP or
AES. Enter the RADIUS servers IP address and port number, along with the authentication key
shared by the Router and the server. Last, enter the Key Renewal period, which instructs the
Router how often it should change the encryption keys.
802.1x: It designed to enhance the security of wireless local area networks (WLANs) that follow the
IEEE 802.11 standard. 802.1X provides an authentication framework for wireless LANs, allowing a
user to be authenticated by a central authority. This central authority is commonly called RADIUS
Server.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.6 Wireless – Wireless MAC Filter
This function allows administrator to have access control by enter MAC address of wireless devices
which transmitting within your wireless network.
Wireless MAC Filter
Access Restrictions
This policy can effectively control each wireless device using the wireless network. Enable this
function to filter wireless devices by MAC Address, either permitting or blocking access. If you do not
want to filter users by MAC Address, select Disabled.
Prevent PCs listed below from accessing the wireless network: Select this option will block
selected wireless client by MAC address.
Permit PCs listed below to access the wireless network: Select this option will permit selected
wireless client by MAC Address.
Wireless Client List
Wireless Client List: Click the Wireless Client MAC List button to display a list of wireless clients
by MAC Address. From the To Sort by drop-down menu, you can sort the table by Client Name,
Interface, IP Address, MAC Address. If you want to add any of the wireless clients to the Wireless
MAC Filter List, then click the On the List checkbox and then click the Save Settings button. Click
the Cancel Changes button to cancel your changes. To view the most updated information, click
the Refresh button. To exit this screen, click the Close button.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.7 Wireless – Advanced Wireless Settings
This section provides Router’s advanced wireless settings. These settings should be adjusted
carefully. Any improper settings will affect the Router’s wireless performance.
Advanced Wireless
Frame Burst Mode
Enabling this option should provide your network with greater performance, depending on the
manufacturer of your wireless products. If you are not sure how to use this option, keep the default,
Enabled.
AP Isolation
This isolates all wireless clients and wireless devices on your network from each other. Wireless
devices will be able to communicate with the Router but not with each other. To use this function,
click Enabled. AP Isolation is disabled by default.
Authentication Type
The default is set to Auto (Default), allows either Open System or Shared Key authentication to be
used. With Open System authentication, the sender and the recipient do NOT use a WEP key for
authentication. With Shared Key authentication, the sender and recipient use a WEP key for
authentication.
Basic Rate
The Basic Rate setting is not actually one rate of transmission but a series of rates at which the
Router can transmit. The Router will advertise its Basic Rate to the other wireless devices in your
network, so they know which rates will be used. The Router will also advertise that it will
automatically select the best rate for transmission. The default setting is Default, when the Router
can transmit at all standard wireless rates (1-2Mbps, 5.5Mbps, 11Mbps, 18Mbps, and 24Mbps).
Other options are 1-2Mbps, for use with older wireless technology, and All, when the Router can
transmit at all wireless rates. The Basic Rate is not the actual rate of data transmission. If you want
to specify the Router's rate of data transmission, configure the Transmission Rate setting.
Transmission Rate
The rate of data transmission should be set depending on the speed of your wireless network. You
can select from a range of transmission speeds, or you can select Auto (Default) to have the
Router automatically use the fastest possible data rate and enable the Auto-Fallback feature. AutoFallback will negotiate the best possible connection speed between the Router and a wireless client.
The default value is Auto (Default).
Transmission Power (Transmit Power Control)
The greater the transmission power used, the larger the area a wireless network covers. To
minimize the likelihood of eavesdropping by unauthorized wireless users, do not use more
transmission power than necessary to cover the range needed by your wireless network. Try using
the Router at different levels of transmission power, and determine how much power is needed to
reach the wireless client, such as a PC or access point, that is farthest from the Router. Then select
the appropriate level, Full (Default), Half, Quarter, Eighth, or Min, from the drop-down menu. The
default is Full (Default).
CTS Protection Mode
CTS (Clear-To-Send) Protection Mode should be set to Auto (Default). The Router will
automatically use CTS Protection Mode when your Wireless-G products are experiencing severe
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problems and are not able to transmit to the Router in an environment with heavy 802.11b traffic.
This function boosts the Router's ability to catch all Wireless-G transmissions but will severely
decrease performance. If you do not want to use CTS Protection Mode at all, select Disabled.
Beacon Interval
The default value is 100. The Beacon Interval value indicates the frequency interval of the beacon.
A beacon is a packet broadcast by the Router to synchronize the wireless network.
DTIM Interval
This value indicates the interval of the Delivery Traffic Indication Message (DTIM). A DTIM field is a
countdown field informing clients of the next window for listening to broadcast and multicast
messages. When the Router has buffered broadcast or multicast messages for associated clients,
it sends the next DTIM with a DTIM Interval value. Its clients hear the beacons and awaken to
receive the broadcast and multicast messages. The default value is 1.
Fragmentation Threshold
This value specifies the maximum size for a packet before data is fragmented into multiple packets.
If you experience a high packet error rate, you may slightly increase the Fragmentation Threshold.
Setting the Fragmentation Threshold too low may result in poor network performance. Only minor
reduction of the default value is recommended. In most cases, it should remain at its default value
of 2346.
RTS Threshold
Should you encounter inconsistent data flow, only minor reduction of the default value, 2312, is
recommended. If a network packet is smaller than the preset RTS threshold size, the RTS/CTS
mechanism will not be enabled. The Router sends Request to Send (RTS) frames to a particular
receiving station and negotiates the sending of a data frame. After receiving an RTS, the wireless
station responds with a Clear to Send (CTS) frame to acknowledge the right to begin transmission.
The RTS Threshold value should remain at its default value of 2312.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.8 Wireless – Wireless WDS Settings
WDS (Wireless Distribution System) is comprised of a bridging and/or a repeater mode. Wireless
bridging is where the WDS APs communicate only with each other to bridge together two separate
networks. Wireless repeating is where the WDS APs rebroadcasts the received signals to extend
reach and range.
Advanced Wireless
WDS Mode:
Restricted Mode - It's working as a repeater.
Disabled - WDS function disabled.
AP List:
You can type Mac address which you would like to connect.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.9 Security – VPN Passthrough
VPN Passthrough
This Router provides VPN Pass through function for LAN client behind the Router to build VPN
tunnels for secure the network. Use the settings on this tab to allow VPN tunnels using IPSec,
L2TP, or PPTP protocols to pass through the Router’s firewall.
IPSec Passthrough: Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) is a suite of protocols used to implement
secure exchange of packets at the IP layer. IPSec Pass-Through is enabled by default. To disable
IPSec Passthrough, select Disabled.
L2TP Passthrough: Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol is the method used to enable Point-to-Point
sessions via the Internet on the Layer 2 level. L2TP Pass-Through is enabled by default. To disable
L2TP Passthrough, select Disabled.
PPTP Passthrough: Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) allows the Point-to-Point Protocol
(PPP) to be tunneled through an IP network. PPTP Pass-Through is enabled by default. To disable
PPTP Passthrough, select Disabled.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.10 Access Restrictions – Internet Access Policy
The Internet Access Policy screen allows you to block or allow specific kinds of Internet usage and
traffic, such as Internet access, designated applications, websites, and inbound traffic during specific
days and times.
Internet Access Policy
Access Policy
Access can be managed by a policy. Use the settings on this screen to establish an access policy
(after the Save Settings button is clicked). Selecting a policy from the drop-down menu will display
that policy’s settings. To delete a policy, select that policy’s number and click the Delete This
Policy button. To view all the policies, click the Summary button.
On the Summary screen, the policies are listed with the following information: No., Policy Name,
Access, Days, Time, and status (Enabled) to view. To delete a policy, click its Delete button. Click
the Save Settings button to save your changes, or click the Cancel Changes button to cancel your
changes. To return to the Internet Access Policy tab, click the Close button.
To create an Internet Access policy:
1. Select a number from the Access Policy drop-down menu.
2. Enter a Policy Name in the field provided.
3. Select a number from the Access Policy drop-down menu.
4. Enter a Policy Name in the field provided.
5. To enable this policy, click Enabled.
6. Click the Edit List button to select which PCs will be affected by the policy. The Internet
Access PCs List screen will appear. You can select a PC by MAC Address or IP Address.
You can also enter a range of IP
7. Addresses if you want this policy to affect a group of PCs. After making your changes, click
the Save Settings button to apply your changes or Cancel Changes to cancel your changes.
Then click the Close button.
8. Click the appropriate option, Deny or Allow, depending on whether you want to block or
allow Internet access for the PCs you listed on the List of PCs screen.
9. Decide which days and what times you want this policy to be enforced. Select the individual
days during which the policy will be in effect, or select Everyday. Then enter a range of hours
and minutes during which the policy will be in effect, or select 24 Hours.
10. You can also block access by URL address by entering it in the Website Blocking by URL
Address field or by Keyword by entering it in the Website Blocking by Keyword field. Click the
>> button to add a selection to the Blocked Applications list.
11. You can filter access to various applications accessed over the Internet, such as FTP or
telnet, by selecting up to three applications from the drop-down menus under Applications. If
the application you want to block is not listed or you want to edit an application’s settings,
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then create a new one by entering an Application Name, Port Range, and Protocol. Then,
click Add.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.11 Application & Gaming – Port Range Forwarding
The Port Range Forwarding screen allows you to set up public services on your network, such as
web servers, ftp servers, e-mail servers, or other specialized Internet applications. Before using
forwarding, you should assign static IP addresses to the designated PCs.
Port Range Forwarding
To forward a service from local network, please fill in the relevant information on each field.
Application Name
In this field, enter the name you wish to give the application.
Start/End
This is the port range. Enter the port number or range of external ports used by the server or
Internet application. Check with the software documentation of the Internet application for more
information.
Protocol
Select the protocol(s) used for this application, TCP and/or UDP.
To IP Address
For each application, enter the IP address of the PC running the specific application.
Enabled
Click the Enabled checkbox to enable port forwarding for the relevant application.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.12 Application & Gaming – Port Range Triggering
The Port Range Triggering screen allows the Router to watch outgoing data for specific port numbers.
The IP address of the computer that sends the matching data is remembered by the Router, so that
when the requested data returns through the Router, the data is pulled back to the proper computer
by way of IP address and port mapping rules.
Port Range Triggering
Application Name: Enter the application name of the trigger.
Triggered Range: For each application, list the triggered port number range. Check with the
Internet application documentation for the port number(s) needed. In the first field, enter the starting
port number of the Triggered
Range. In the second field, enter the ending port number of the Triggered Range.
Forwarded Range: For each application, list the forwarded port number range. Check with the
Internet application documentation for the port number(s) needed. In the first field, enter the starting
port number of the Forwarded Range. In the second field, enter the ending port number of the
Forwarded Range.
Enabled: Click the Enabled checkbox to enable port range triggering for the relevant application.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.13 Application & Gaming – DMZ
The DMZ feature allows one network user to be exposed to the Internet for use of a specialpurpose service such as Internet gaming or videoconferencing. DMZ hosting forwards all the ports
at the same time to one PC. The Port Range Forwarding feature is more secure because it only
opens the ports you want to have opened, while DMZ hosting opens all the ports of one computer,
exposing the computer to the Internet.
Any PC whose port is being forwarded must have its DHCP client function disabled and should
have a new static IP address assigned to it because its IP address may change when using the
DHCP function
DMZ
To expose one PC, select Enabled.
Internet Source IP Address: If you want to allow any Internet IP address to access the exposed
computer, select Any IP Address. If you want to allow a specific IP address or range of IP
addresses to access the exposed computer, select the second option and enter the IP address or
range of IP addresses in the fields provided.
Destination Host IP Address: Enter the IP address of the computer you want to expose.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.14 Administration – Management
This section allows the network’s administrator to manage specific Router functions for access and
security.
Router Password
Router Password and Re-enter to Confirm: You can change the Router’s password from here.
Enter a new
Router password and then type it again in the Re-enter to Confirm field to confirm.
Remote Router Access
Remote Management: To access the Router remotely, from outside of local network, select
Enabled.
Otherwise, keeps the default setting, Disabled.
Remote Upgrade: If you want to be able to upgrade the Router remotely, from outside of local
network, select
Enabled. (You must have the Remote Management feature enabled as well.) Otherwise, keep the
default setting,
Disabled.
Allow Remote IP Address: If you want to be able to access the Router from outside with any
external IP address, select Any IP Address. If you want to specify an external IP address or range
of IP addresses, then select the second option and complete the fields provided.
Remote Management Port: Enter the port number that will be open to outside access.
UPnP
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) is a distributed, open networking architecture that leverages
TCP/IP and the Web technologies to enable seamless proximity networking in addition to control
and data transfer among networked devices in the home, office, and public spaces.
UPnP: If you want to use UPnP, keep the default setting, Enabled. Otherwise, select Disabled.
Backup and Restore
Backup Settings: To back up the Router’s configuration, click this button and follow the on-screen
instructions.
Restore Settings: To restore the Router’s configuration, click this button and follow the on-screen
instructions.
(You must have previously backed up the Router’s configuration.)
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Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.15 Administration – Log
The Router can keep logs of all traffic for your Internet connection. This feature is disabled by default.
To keep activity logs, select Enable.
Log
To disable the Log function, keep the default setting, Disabled. To monitor traffic between the
network and the Internet, select Enabled.
Logviewer IP Address: For a permanent record of the Router’s activity logs, Logviewer software
must be used.
The Log viewer saves all incoming and outgoing activity in a permanent file on your PC’s hard
drive. In the Logviewer IP Address field, enter the fixed IP address of the PC running the Log
viewer software. The Router will now send updated logs to that PC.
View Log: When you wish to view the logs, click View Log. A new screen will appear. Select
Incoming Log or
Outgoing Log from the Type drop-down menu. The Incoming Log will display a temporary log of
the Source IP Addresses and Destination Port Numbers for the incoming Internet traffic. Click the
Save the Log button to save this information to a file on your PC’s hard drive. Click the Refresh
button to update the log. Click the Clear button to clear all the information that is displayed.
The Outgoing Log will display a temporary log of the LAN IP Addresses, Destination URLs or IP
Addresses, and Service or Port Numbers for the outgoing Internet traffic. Click the Save the Log
button to save this information to a file on your PC’s hard drive. Click the Refresh button to update
the log. Click the Clear button to clear all the information that is displayed.
Change these settings as described here and click the Save Settings button to apply your changes
or Cancel Changes. For additional information, click Help.
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4.16 Administration – Diagnostics
The diagnostics function provides two ways to check Router’s status of Internet connection.
Diagnostics
Ping Test
This utility verifies configurations and tests IP connectivity between two computers. Ping sends an
ICMP request from the source computer, and the destination computer responds with an ICMP
reply.
To IP or URL Address: Enter the IP address or URL that you want to ping.
Packet Size: Enter the size of the packet you want to use.
Times to Ping: Select the number of times you wish to ping: 5, 10, 15, or Unlimited.
Start to Ping: Click this button to begin the test. A new screen will appear and display the test
results. Click the
Close button to return to the Diagnostics screen.
Traceroute Test
Traceroute function provides a trace for the route that a packet takes to destination.
To IP or URL Address: Enter the destination IP address or URL that you want to trace the
routes.
Start to Tracerouter: Click this button to begin the Tracerouter. A new screen will appear and
display the trace results. Click the
Close button to return to the Diagnostics screen.
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4.17 Administration – Factory Defaults
This Factory Defaults allows you to restore the Router’s configuration to its factory default settings.
Factory Defaults
Restore Factory Defaults: Click this button to reset all configuration settings to their default values.
Any settings you have saved will be lost when the default settings are restored.
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4.18 Administration – Firmware Upgrade
This Firmware Upgrade screen allows you to upgrade the Router’s firmware. Do not upgrade the
firmware unless you are experiencing problems with the Router or the new firmware has a feature
you want to use.
Firmware Upgrade
Please select a file to upgrade: In the field provided, enter the name of the extracted firmware
upgrade file, or click the Browse button to find this file.
Start to Upgrade: After you have selected the appropriate file, click this button for upgrade.
Note: Please do not shut down the Router or PC while it is upgrading.
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4.19 Status – Router
The Router screen on the Status Tab displays information about the Router and its current settings.
The Internet Connection information will vary depending on the Internet Connection Type you use.
Router Information
Firmware Version: This is the Router’s current firmware.
Current Time: This shows the time by the time zone you selected on the Setup Tab.
Internet MAC Address: This is the Router’s MAC Address.
Host Name: If required by your ISP, it would be entered on the Setup Tab.
Domain Name: If required by your ISP, it would be entered on the Setup Tab.
Internet Connection
Connection Type: This indicates the current Internet connection type you are using.
Login Status:
The status of the connection is displayed only for a PPPoE connection. For this dial-up style
connection, click the Connect button to click if there is no connection and you want to establish an
Internet connection. When your PPPoE connection is active, you can click the Disconnect button
to end the connection.
Internet IP Address: The Router’s Internet IP Address.
Subnet Mask and Default Gateway: The Router’s Subnet Mask and Default Gateway address are
displayed here.
DNS1-3: The DNS (Domain Name System) IP addresses currently is used by the Router. The
Router at least one DNS IP should be used for domain name resolution.
MTU: MTU is the Maximum Transmission Unit. It specifies the largest packet size permitted for
Internet transmission. Select Manual if you want to manually enter the largest packet size that will
be transmitted. The recommended size, entered in the Size field, is 1500. You should leave this
value in the 1200 to 1500 range. To have the Router select the best MTU for your Internet
connection, please select the default setting--Auto.
IP Release:
Available for a DHCP connection, click this button to release the current IP address of the device
connected to the Routers Internet port.
IP Renew:
Available for a DHCP connection, click this button to replace the current IP address of the device
connected to the Routers Internet port with a new IP address.
Click the Refresh button to update the on-screen information.
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For additional information, click Help.
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4.20 Status – Local Network
The Local Network screen on the Status Tab displays the status of your network.
Local Network
Local MAC Address: This is the Router’s local MAC Address.
Router IP Address: This is the Router’s local IP Address.
Subnet Mask: This is the Router’s local subnet mask.
DHCP Server
DHCP Server: The Router’s embedded DHCP server status.
Start IP Address: This is beginning range of assigned IP by Router’s DHCP server.
End IP Address: This is end range of assigned IP by Router’s DHCP server.
DHCP Client Table: Clicking this button will open a screen to show which hosts are using the
Router as a DHCP server. On the DHCP Client Table screen, you will see a list of DHCP clients
with the following information: Client Names, Interfaces, IP Addresses, MAC Addresses, and the
assigned IP addresses expired time. From the To Sort by drop-down menu, you can sort the table
by Client Name, Interface, IP Address, or MAC Address. To remove a DHCP client from this list,
click its Delete button. To view the most up-to-date information, click the Refresh button. To exit
this screen, click the Close button.
For additional information, click Help.
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4.21 Status – Wireless Network
The Wireless Network screen on the Status Tab displays the information of your Wireless networks.
Wireless Network
MAC Address: This is the Router’s Wireless-G band MAC Address.
Mode: This displays the Wireless-G band network mode.
Network Name (SSID): The Wireless-G band network name.
Channel: The current G band channel you are using.
Security: This displays what type of encryption you are using.
SSID Broadcast: This displays the Router’s SSID Broadcast status.
For additional information, click Help.
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5. Troubleshooting – Q & A
1. I’m trying to log on the Router’s Web configuration page, but I do not see the login screen.
Answer:
1. Please make sure the IP address that you input on address field of IE browser is correct.
2. Make sure the physical layer connection is established. If you are using wired to connect this
Router, check the relevant LAN LED whether it is lit or not.
3. On Dos Prompt screen, using “ ping “ command to probe this Router, check if you got reply
from it.
Command: ping < Destination IP address >
4. If you have any TCP/IP setting problem, please refer to the Quick Installation Guide.
2. I need to set up a server behind my Router and make it available to the public.
Answer:
This is Router’s forwarding function. Please refer to the section 4.11. Generally, using a server
like a web, ftp, or mail server, you need to know what kinds of the respective port numbers they
are using.
For example, port 80 (HTTP) is used for web; port 21 (FTP) is used for FTP, and port 25 (SMTP
outgoing) and
port 110 (POP3 incoming).
Below is an example for how to set up a FTP server behind Router for public network access.
1. Log on the Router’s web configuration page, http://192.168.1.1 or the IP address that you have
changed.
2. Select the Applications & Gaming => Port Range Forwarding tab.
3. Enter any name you want to use like “FTP service”.
4. Enter the External Port range of the FTP service you are using. For example, your FTP service
port range should be port 20 ~ 21.
5. Select the protocol, TCP and UDP.
6. Enter the IP address of the FTP server that locate on your local network. For example, if your
FTP server’s IP address is 192.168.1.10, then you should enter 10 in the address field.
7. Click the Enabled checkbox to enable this service then click the Save Settings button to apply
your changes
3. I forgot my password, how to log on this Router for configuration?
Answer:
1. Reset the Router to factory default by pressing the Reset button for 10 seconds then releasing it.
2. Log on the Router’s web management by http://192.168.1.1
Leave username blank and enter the default password admin.
4. How to set the Router to factory default setting.
Answer:
1. Reset the Router to factory default by pressing the Reset button for 10 seconds then releasing it.
2. After release the Reset button, the Router will get back all setting to factory default and reboot
system.
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3. While the reboot is complete, log on the Router’s web management by default IP
http://192.168.1.1
Leave username blank and enter the default password admin.
5. My SOHO AP will not turn on. No LED’s light up.
Answer:
Usually it is caused by the power is not connected.
Please double check the power adapter if it connected to your Router and the other side is plugged
into the power outlet. If it still has no power, please contact your reseller.
6. I can’t access the AP from a wireless client.
Answer:
Generally to make the wireless client unable to access AP with following possible issues:
1. Settings are not the same among each wireless adapter.
2. Out of range.
3. IP Address is not set correctly.
Resolution:
Make sure that the mode, SSID, Channel and encryption settings are set the same on each
wireless adapter. Make sure that your computer is within range and free from any strong electrical
devices that may cause interference.
7. What devices cause interference?
Answer:
The Router is operating in the unlicensed 2.4 GHz band. Other devices operates in this frequency
range that may cause interference include microwave ovens and 2.4 GHz portable phones. PCs or
analog cellular phones do not operate at 2.4 GHz and do not cause interference. Proper placement
of access points usually eliminates interference problems created by other 2.4 GHz devices.
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