CPU CPU Chapter 2 HARDWARE INSTALLATION 2.1 Central

CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
Chapter 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.1 Central Processing Unit: CPU
The mainboard operates with Intel® CeleronTM or Pentium® III processor.
The mainboard uses a CPU socket called Socket 370 for easy CPU installation. The CPU should always have a Heat Sink and a cooling fan attached to
prevent overheating.
2.1-1 CPU Installation Procedures
1. Pull the lever sideways away
from the socket. Then, raise
the lever up to a 90-degree
angle.
Open Lever
Sliding
Plate
2. Locate Pin 1 in the socket
and look for the white dot or
cut edge in the CPU. Match
Pin 1 with the white dot/cut
edge. Then, insert the CPU.
It should insert easily.
Pin 1
White dot/
Cut edge
CPU
3. Press the lever down to
complete the installation.
Close
Lever
CPU
2-1
Pin 1
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.1-2 CPU Core Speed Derivation Procedure (SW1)
1. If the CPU Core/Bus ratio is already fixed, adjusting the SW1 will not
change the CPU Core/Bus ratio. If the Core/Bus ratio is not fixed by the
CPU, then you can adjust the SWI to change the Core/Bus ratio.
If
then
CPU Clock
=
Core/Bus ratio =
CPU core speed =
=
=
66MHz
3.5
Host Clock x Core/Bus ratio
66MHz x 3.5
233MHz
1
2
3
4
SW1
2-2
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
SW1
CPU
1
2
3
4
Core/Bus Ratio
ON
ON
OFF
ON
3
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
3.5
ON
ON
ON
OFF
4
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
4.5
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
5
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
5.5
OFF
ON
ON
ON
6
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
6.5
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
7
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
7.5
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
8
ON = Short
OFF = Open
2-3
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.1-3 CPU Bus Frequency Selector: J9
The J9 is used to set the CPU Bus Frequencies from 66MHz to 100MHz.
When J9 is shorted, this will automatically detect the CPU Bus Frequency.
When J9 is open, if you used 66MHz CPU, the Bus Frequency will be set
virtually into 100MHz.
J9
J9
Feature
Automatically detect 66MHz and
100MHz CPU Bus Frequency
Virtually set 66MHz CPU Bus
Frequency into 100MHz
NOTE:
1. This feature works with 66MHz FSB only.
2. If your CPU FSB supports 66MHz and you want to run it
on 100MHz FSB, the J9 should be open. The AGP Bus will be
set to run at 100MHz x 2/3=66MHz to make it stable.
2-4
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.1-4 CPU Bus Frequency Selector 2: J10
The J10 is used to set the CPU Bus Frequency from 100MHz to 133MHz.
When J10 is shorted, this will automatically detect the CPU Bus Frequency.
When J10 is open, if you used 66/100MHz CPU, the Bus Frequency will be
set virtually into 133MHz.
J10
J10
Feature
Automatically detect 133MHz or
others CPU Bus Frequency
Virtually set CPU Bus Frequency into
133MHz or for Cyrix® CPU *
*Please see next page for detail.
NOTE:
1. This feature works with 100MHz FSB only.
2. If your CPU FSB supports 100MHz and you want to run it
on 133MHz FSB, the J10 should be open. The AGP Bus will
be set to run at 133MHz x 1/2=66MHz to make it stable.
2-5
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HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.1-5 Intel® processor or Cyrix® processor: J11, J13 & J14
For Intel® processor, you need to open J11. For Cyrix® processor, you need
to short J11 and open J10.
Please refer to the following table below.
J13
J11
J14
Cyrix
66MHz
Cyrix
100MHz
Cyrix
133MHz
J10
Open
Open
Open
Short
J11
Short
Short
Short
Open
J13
Short
Open
Open
Open
J14
Short
Short
Open
Open
2-6
Intel
Processor
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.1-4 Fan Power Connectors: CPUFAN/PSFAN/SYSFAN
These connectors support system cooling fan with +12V. It supports three
pin head connector. When connecting the wire to the connector, always
take note that the red wire is the positive and should be connected to the
+12V, the black wire is Ground and should be connected to GND. If your
mainboard has System Hardware Monitor chipset on-board, you must use a
specially designed fan with speed sensor to take advantage of this function.
+12V
GND
SENSOR
SENSOR
+12V
GND
CPUFAN
PSFAN
+12V
GND
SENSOR
SYSFAN
PSFAN : Power Supply Fan
CPUFAN : Processor Fan
SYSFAN : System(Chassis) Fan
For fans with fan speed sensor, every rotation of the fan will send out 2
pulses. System Hardware Monitor will count and report the fan rotation
speed.
Note: 1. Always consult vendor for proper CPU cooling fan.
2. CPU FAN supports the FAN control, you can install PC Alert
utility. This will automatically set the CPU FAN Speed depending
on the actual CPU temperature.
2-7
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HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.2 Clear CMOS Jumper: JBAT1
A battery must be used to retain the mainboard configuration in CMOS
RAM. Short 1-2 pins of JBAT1 to store the CMOS data.
1
3
JBAT1
1
1
2
2
3
3
Clear Data
Keep Data
Note:
You can clear CMOS by shorting 2-3 pin, while the system is off.
Then, return to 1-2 pin position. Avoid clearing the CMOS while
the system is on, it will damage the mainboard. Always unplug
the power cord from the wall socket.
2-8
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HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.3 Memory Installation
2.3-1 Memory Bank Configuration
The mainboard supports a maximum memory size of 512MB (8M x 8) or 1G
(16M x 4) registered DIMM for SDRAM: It provides three 168-pin
unbuffered DIMMs (Double In-Line Memory Module) sockets. It supports
8 MB to 512 Mbytes DIMM memory module.
DIMM3(Bank1+ Bank3)
WARNING!
DIMM2(Bank2+ Bank3)
DIMM1(Bank0+ Bank1)
!
There are three kinds of DIMM specification supported
by this mainboard: PC133, PC100 and PC66. If you
use 66MHz CPU Bus Frequency, these three DIMM
Specs. is supported. If you use 100MHz CPU Bus
Frequency, PC100 & PC133 DIMM Specs. is supported.
If you use 133MHz CPU Bus, only PC133 DIMM Specs.
is supported.
2-9
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.3-2 Memory Installation Procedures
A. How to install a DIMM Module
Single Sided Bank DIMM
Double Sided Bank DIMM
1. The DIMM slot has 2 Notch Keys “VOLT and DRAM”, so the
DIMM memory module can only fit in one direction.
2. Insert the DIMM memory module vertically into the DIMM slot.
Then push it in.
DRAM
VOLT
3. The plastic clip at the side of the DIMM slot will automatically
close.
2-10
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.3-3 SDRAM Memory Addressing
DRAM
Tech.
16M
64M
64M
DRAM
DRAM
Density & Addressing
Width
1Mx16
ASYM
2Mx8
ASYM
4Mx4
ASYM
2Mx32
ASYM
2Mx32
ASYM
4Mx16
ASYM
4Mx16
ASYM
8Mx8
ASYM
16Mx4
ASYM
2Mx32
ASYM
4Mx16
ASYM
8Mx8
ASYM
16Mx4
ASYM
Address Size
Row
Column
11
11
11
11
12
11
13
13
13
12
13
13
13
8
9
10
9
8
10
8
9
10
8
8
9
10
2-11
MB/DIMM
Single no. Double no.
Side(S) pcs. Side(D) pcs.
8MBx4 16MBx8
16MBx8 32MBx16
32MB
64MB
32MBx2 64MBx4
16MBx2 32MBx4
32MB
64MB
32MB
64MB
64MB
128MB
128MB
256MB
16MB
32MB
32MB
64MB
64MB
128MB
128MB
256MB
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.4 Case Connector: JFP
The Power Switch, Reset Switch, Power LED, Speaker, Keylock and HDD
LED are all connected to the JFP connector block.
Reset
Switch
15
Speaker
+
14
Dual
Single
Color
Color
LED
LED
Power LED
+
HDD
LED
Buzzer
(short
pin)
Keylock
JFP
2-12
Power
Switch
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.4-1 Power Switch
Connect to a 2-pin push button switch. This switch has the same feature
with JRMS1.
2.4-2 Reset Switch
Reset switch is used to reboot the system rather than turning the power ON/
OFF. Avoid rebooting while the HDD LED is lit. You can connect the Reset
switch from the system case to this pin.
2.4-3 Power LED
The Power LED is lit while the system power is on. Connect the Power LED
from the system case to this pin. There are two types of LED that you can
use: 3-pin single color LED or 2-pin dual color LED(ACPI request).
a. 3 pin single color LED connect to pin 4, 5, & 6. This LED will
light when the system is on.
b. 2 pin dual color LED connect to pin 5 & 6.
GREEN Color:
Indicate the system is in full on mode.
ORANGE Color: Indicate the system is in suspend mode.
2.4-4 Speaker
Speaker from the system case is connected to this pin.
If on-board Buzzer is available:
Short pin 14-15: On-board Buzzer Enabled.
Open pin 14-15: On-board Buzzer Disabled.
2.4-5 HDD LED
HDD LED shows the activity of a hard disk drive. Avoid turning the power
off while the HDD led is lit. You can connect the HDD LED from the system
case to this pin.
2.4-6 Keylock
Keylock allows you to disable the keyboard for security purposes. You can
connect the keylock to this pin.
2-13
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.5 Floppy Disk Connector: FDD
The mainboard also provides a standard floppy disk connector (FDD) that
supports 360K, 720K, 1.2M, 1.44M and 2.88M floppy disk types. This
connector supports the provided floppy drive ribbon cables.
FDD
1
2-14
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.6 Hard Disk Connectors: IDE1 & IDE2
Primary IDE Connector
Secondary IDE Connector
The mainboard has a 32-bit Enhanced PCI IDE Controller that provides PIO
mode 0~4, Bus Master, and Ultra DMA 33/66 function. It has two HDD
connectors IDE1 (primary) and IDE2 (secondary). You can connect up to
four hard disk drives, CD-ROM, 120MB Floppy (reserved for future BIOS)
and other devices to IDE1 and IDE2. These connectors support the
provided IDE hard disk cable.
1
1
IDE1(Primary IDE Connector)
The first hard drive should always be connected to IDE1. IDE1 can
connect a Master and a Slave drive. You must configure second hard
drive to Slave mode by setting the jumper accordingly.
IDE2(Secondary IDE Connector)
IDE2 can also connect a Master and a Slave drive.
2-15
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.7 Power Supply
2.7-1 ATX 20-pin Power Connector: JWR1
This connector supports the power button on-board. Using the ATX power
supply, functions such as Modem Ring Wake-Up and Soft Power Off are
supported by this mainboard. This power connector supports instant power
on function which means that system will boot up instantly when the power
connector is inserted on the board.
20
11
10
1
ATX
Power Connector
2-16
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
PIN DEFINITION
PIN
SIGNAL
PIN
SIGNAL
11
3.3V
1
3.3V
12
-12V
2
3.3V
13
GND
3
GND
14
PS_ON
4
5V
15
GND
5
GND
16
GND
6
5V
17
GND
7
GND
18
-5V
8
PW_OK
19
5V
9
5V_SB
20
5V
10
12V
Warning: Since the mainboard has the instant power on function, make
sure that all components are installed properly before inserting the power
connector to ensure that no damage will be done.
2-17
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.7-2 Remote Power On/Off Switch: JRMS1
Connect to a 2-pin push button switch. During OFF state, press once and
the system turns on. During ON stage, push once and the system goes to
sleep mode: pushing it more than 4 seconds will change its status from ON
to OFF. If you want to change the setup, you could go to the BIOS Power
Management Setup.
JRMS1
2-18
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.8 IrDA Infrared Module Connector: IR
The mainboard provides one 5-pin infrared (IR) connector for IR modules.
This connector is for optional wireless transmitting and receiving infrared
module. You must configure the setting through the BIOS setup to use the
IR function.
IRTX
GND
IRRX
NC
1
VCC
IR
2-19
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.9 Serial Port Connectors: COM A and COM B
The mainboard has two 9-pin male DIN connectors for serial port COM A
and COM B. These ports are 16550A high speed communication port that
send/receive 16 bytes FIFOs. You can attach a mouse or a modem cable
directly into this connector.
1 234 5
678 9
COM A
COM B
Serial Port (9-pin Male)
PIN DEFINITION
PIN
SIGNAL
1
DCD(Data Carry Detect)
2
SIN(Serial In or Receive Data)
3
SOUT(Serial Out or Transmit Data)
4
DTR(Data Terminal Ready)
5
GND
6
DSR(Data Set Ready)
7
RTS(Request To Send)
8
CTS(Clear To Send)
9
RI(Ring Indicate)
2-20
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HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.10 Parallel Port Connector: LPT1
The mainboard provides a 25 pin female centronic connector for LPT. A
parallel port is a standard printer port that also supports Enhanced Parallel
Port(EPP) and Extended capabilities Parallel Port(ECP). See connector and
pin definition below:
Parallel Port (25-pin Female)
LPT 1
1
13
14
25
PIN DEFINITION
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
SIGNAL
STROBE
DATA0
DATA1
DATA2
DATA3
DATA4
DATA5
DATA6
DATA7
ACK#
BUSY
PE
SELECT
PIN
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
2-21
SIGNAL
AUTO FEED#
ERR#
INIT#
SLIN#
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.11 Mouse Connector: JKBMS1
The mainboard provides a standard PS/2® mouse mini DIN connector for
attaching a PS/2® mouse. You can plug a PS/2® mouse directly into this
connector. The connector location and pin definition are shown below:
Pin6
NC
Pin5
Mouse Clock
Pin3
GND
Pin4
VCC
Pin1
Mouse DATA
Pin2
NC
PS/2 Mouse (6-pin Female)
2.12 Keyboard Connector: JKBMS1
The mainboard provides a standard PS/2® keyboard mini DIN connector for
attaching a keyboard. You can plug a keyboard cable directly to this
connector.
Pin5
KBD Clock
Pin6
NC
Pin4
VCC
Pin2
NC
Pin1
KBD DATA
Pin3
GND
PS/2 Keyboard (6-pin Female)
2-22
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.13 USB Connectors
The mainboard provides a UHCI(Universal Host Controller Interface)
Universal Serial Bus root for attaching USB devices like: keyboard, mouse
and other USB devices. You can plug the USB device directly to this
connector.
USB Port 2
1 2 3 4
USB Port 1
PIN
1
2
3
4
SIGNAL
VCC
-Data0
GND
+Data0
2-23
CHAPTER 2
2.14
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
Power Saving Switch Connector: JGS1
Attach a power saving switch to JGS1. When the switch is pressed, the
system immediately goes into suspend mode. Press any key and the system
wakes up.
JGS1
2-24
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.15 Wake-Up on LAN Connector: JWOL1
The JWOL1 connector is for use with LAN add-on cards that supports
Wake Up on LAN function. To use this function, you need to set the
“Wake-Up on LAN” to enable at the BIOS Power Management Setup.
1
3
JWOL1
PIN
1
2
3
SIGNAL
5VSB
GND
MP_WAKEUP
Note: LAN wake-up signal is active “high”.
Note:
To be able to use this function, you need a power supply that
provide enough power for this feature.
(Power supply with 750 ma 5V Stand-by)
2-25
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.16 Modem Wake Up Connector: JMDM1
The JMDM1 connector is use for the Modem add-on card which supports
the Modem Wake Up function. To use this function, you need to set the
“Modem Ring Resume” to enable at the BIOS Power Management Setup.
1
5
JMDM1
PIN
1
2
3
4
5
SIGNAL
NC
GND
MDM_WAKEUP
NC
5VSB
Note: Modem wake-up signal is active “low”.
Note:
To be able to use this function, you need a power supply that
provide enough power for this feature.
(Power supply with 750 mA 5V Stand-by)
2-26
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.17 TOP TECH. III: J2 (Optional)
This is used to check the AGP card or 693A chipset temperature. The J2 is a
2-pin connector which can be inserted with a 20cm length thermistor. It is
located near the chipset heatsink that monitors the chipset temperature. The
BIOS setup for “TOP TECH. III” should be set to enabled. (See page 3-26)
20CM length
Thermistor
J2
2-27
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.19 Keyboard Power: JVSB1
The JVSB1 jumper is for setting keyboard power. This function should be
set in the BIOS for the keyboard and PS/2 mouse Wake-up function.
1
3
JVSB1
1
1
3
3
5V (default)
Disable keyboard
power on function
5V Standby
Enable keyboard
power on function
Note: To be able to use this function, you need a power supply that
provide enough power for this feature.
(Power supply with 750 mA 5V Stand-by)
2-28
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.20 PCI and ISA Slots
There are 5 PCI slots and 2 ISA slots. All PCI slots can be used as master.
The 1st and 5th PCI slots share the same bus master signal, only one of
these slots can be used as a master at a time; which means that if a master
card is installed in PCI slot 1, PCI Slot 5 can only accomodate a slave card,
and vice versa.
PCI Slot 1
PCI Slot 2
PCI Slots
PCI Slot 3
PCI Slot 4
PCI Slot 5
ISA Slots
2-29
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.21 Diagnostic LED
The mainboard provides a Special Diagnostic LED for users to be aware of
their mainboard conditions. The LED helps user determine the problem of
the mainboard.
Diagnostic LED
4
2
3
5
2-30
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
Diagnostic LED Function
Diagnostic LED
2 3 4 5
Description
Possible Problem/
Solution
0
0
0
0
System Power ON.
This will start BIOS Initialization
The Processor might be damage or not
installed properly
Damage/Discharge Lithium Battery
0
0
0
1
Early Chipset Initialization
***
0
0
1
0
Memory Detection Test
Testing Onboard memory size
The Memory module might be damage or
not installed properly.
0
0
1
1
Decompressing BIOS image to RAM for fast booting.
***
0
1
0
0
Initializing Keyboard Controller
*If there is no keyboard connected,
D-LED will blink 3 times.
0
1
0
1
Test shadow RAM (R/W Shadow RAM Area)
***
1
1
0
Processor Initialization
This will show information regarding the processor
(like brand name, system bus, etc...)
***
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
Low Lithium Battery
*If RTC battery is low or failed, D-LED
will blink 3 times.
Testing RTC (Real Time Clock)
Initializing Video Interface
This will start detecting CPU clock, checking type of
video onboard. Then, detect and initialize the video
adapter
System D-LED will produce Beep sound
The VGA card might be damage or not
inserted properly.
*If there is no VGA installed, D-LED will
blink 3 times.
1
BIOS Sign On
This will start showing information about Logo,
processor brand name, etc.....
***
1
0
Testing Base and Extended Memory
Testing base memory from 240K to 640K and
extended memory above 1MB using various patterns.
***
0
1
1
Assign Resource to all ISA
***
1
1
0
0
Initializing Hard Drive Controller
This will initialize IDE drive and controller
Check IDE cable for proper installation
*If there is no HDD connected, D-LED
will blink 3 times.
1
1
0
1
Initializing Floppy Drive Controller
This will initialize Floppy Drive and controller
The Floppy Drive Cable might not be
installed properly
1
1
1
0
Assign IRQs to PCI Devices
***
1
1
1
1
Operating System Booting.
***
1 = GREEN 0 = RED
*** Check local Vendor for possible internal mainboard problem.
2-31
CHAPTER 2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.22 Power Saving LED Connector: JGL1
JGL1 can be connected with an LED. There are two types of LED that you
can use: 3-pin LED or 2-pin LED(ACPI request). When the 2-pin LED is
connected to JGL1, the light will turn green, when system is On. During
sleep mode, the 2-pin LED will change color from Green to Orange. For 3-pin
LED, when LED is connected to JGL1, this will light when the system is On
and blinks when it is in suspend/sleep mode.
+
1
3
JGL1
3-pin LED
2-pin LED
Green Color
Green Color
Orange
Color
1
1
3
3
Orange
Color
2-3 Single Color
1-3 Blink
1-2 Dual Color
2-32