C
CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
Preface
CradlePoint reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes in the content thereof without obligation to
notify any person or organization of any revisions or changes.
Manual Revisions
Revision
Date
Description
Author
1.0
July 28, 2011
Initial release for Firmware version 3.2.4
Jeremy Cramer
1.1
Aug. 22, 2011
Updates for Firmware version 3.3.0
Jeremy Cramer
1.2
Jan. 20, 2012
Updates for Firmware version 3.4.1 and ARC versions
Jeremy Cramer
1.3
May 1, 2012
Updates for Firmware version 3.5.0
Jeremy Cramer
1.4
May 15, 2012
Updates for Firmware version 3.6.0
Jeremy Cramer
2.0
Dec. 28, 2012
Updates for Firmware version 4.1.1 and ARC MBR1400LPAT
Jeremy Cramer
2.1
Feb. 25, 2013
Updates for Firmware version 4.2 and hardware version 2.0
Jeremy Cramer
2.2
Aug. 26, 2013
Updates for Firmware version 4.4
Jeremy Cramer
3.0
Nov. 19, 2013
Updates for Firmware version 5.0
Jeremy Cramer
Trademarks
CradlePoint and the CradlePoint logo are registered trademarks of CradlePoint, Inc. in the United States and other
countries. All other company or product names mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective companies.
Copyright © 2013 by CradlePoint, Inc. All rights reserved. This publication may not be reproduced, in whole or in part,
without prior expressed written consent by CradlePoint, Inc.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
Table of Contents
1
INTRODUCTION ................................................................ 3
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
2
BASIC SETUP ...................................................................... 21
CONNECT TO A COMPUTER OR OTHER DEVICE .......................... 22
COMMON PROBLEMS .......................................................... 25
6
ADMINISTRATOR LOGIN ....................................................... 30
GETTING STARTED – FIRST TIME SETUP WIZARD....................... 32
QUICK LINKS ...................................................................... 38
CONFIGURATION PAGES ....................................................... 40
ENTERPRISE CLOUD MANAGER REGISTRATION.......................... 42
IP PASSTHROUGH SETUP ...................................................... 43
STATUS ........................................................................... 44
5.1
5.2
CLIENT LIST........................................................................ 45
CP CONNECT ..................................................................... 47
`
7
DASHBOARD ...................................................................... 48
GPS ................................................................................. 52
GRE TUNNELS ................................................................... 53
HOTSPOT CLIENTS ............................................................... 54
INTERNET CONNECTIONS ...................................................... 55
ROUTING .......................................................................... 67
STATISTICS......................................................................... 70
SYSTEM LOGS .................................................................. 73
VPN TUNNELS ................................................................. 74
WIPIPE QOS ................................................................... 75
NETWORK SETTINGS ....................................................... 76
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
WEB INTERFACE – ESSENTIALS ........................................ 29
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
5
PORTS, BUTTONS, AND SWITCHES .......................................... 17
LEDS................................................................................ 20
QUICK START .................................................................. 21
3.1
3.2
3.3
4
PACKAGE CONTENTS ............................................................. 3
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS......................................................... 3
MBR1400 OVERVIEW .......................................................... 4
CRADLEPOINT ARC MBR1400 SERIES..................................... 7
HARDWARE OVERVIEW .................................................. 15
2.1
2.2
3
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.12
CONTENT FILTERING ............................................................ 77
DHCP SERVER ................................................................... 85
DNS ................................................................................ 86
FIREWALL .......................................................................... 89
MAC FILTER / LOGGING ...................................................... 97
ROUTING .......................................................................... 99
ROUTING PROTOCOLS ........................................................ 100
WIFI / LOCAL NETWORKS .................................................. 110
WIPIPE QOS ................................................................... 135
INTERNET ...................................................................... 142
7.1
7.2
7.3
CONNECTION MANAGER .................................................... 143
CP CONNECT ................................................................... 170
CLIENT DATA USAGE ......................................................... 171
CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
8
SYSTEM SETTINGS ......................................................... 212
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
9
DATA USAGE ................................................................... 172
GRE TUNNELS ................................................................. 176
L2TP TUNNELS ................................................................ 179
NETWORK MOBILITY (NEMO) ........................................... 182
NHRP CONFIGURATION .................................................... 184
OPENVPN TUNNELS ......................................................... 186
VPN TUNNELS ............................................................... 190
WIFI AS WAN / BRIDGE .................................................. 202
WAN AFFINITY AND LOAD BALANCING ............................... 207
ADMINISTRATION ............................................................. 213
DEVICE ALERTS................................................................. 232
ENTERPRISE CLOUD MANAGER ............................................ 235
FEATURE LICENSES ............................................................ 237
HOTSPOT SERVICES ........................................................... 238
SERIAL REDIRECTOR........................................................... 242
SNMP CONFIGURATION .................................................... 244
SYSTEM CONTROL ............................................................. 247
SYSTEM SOFTWARE ........................................................... 248
GLOSSARY..................................................................... 250
10 APPENDIX ................................................................... 265
10.1
10.2
PRODUCT INFORMATION AND SAFETY GUIDE ....................... 265
SPECIFICATIONS .............................................................. 268
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Package Contents
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
CradlePoint Mission-Critical Broadband Router (MBR1400)
AC power adapter (12V, 1.5A) WARNING: using a power adapter other than the one provided may damage the
MBR1400 and will void the warranty
Three 2.4 GHz high performance 802.11n antennas
Mounting hardware
CAT5 Ethernet cable
Setup Guide
ARC Series with integrated 3G/4G business-grade modem***
o ARC MBR1400LE-VZ – 4G LTE / EVDO for Verizon
o ARC MBR1400LP-AT – 4G LTE / HSPA+ for AT&T
o ARC MBR1400LP2-EU – 4G LTE / HSPA+ for Europe
o ARC MBR1400LP – 4G LTE / HSPA+ for Canada
o ARC MBR1400W – 4G WiMAX for Sprint or CLEAR
Discontinued:
o MBR1400E-VZ – 3G EVDO for Verizon
o MBR1400E-SP – 3G EVDO for Sprint
1.2 System Requirements
•
•
•
At least one Internet source: a CradlePoint 3G/4G business-grade modem, an Ethernet-based modem, a
broadband data modem with active subscription (USB, ExpressCard), or WiFi as WAN.
Windows 2000/XP/7, Mac OS X, or Linux computer (with WiFi adapter—802.11n recommended—for WiFi
functionality).
Internet Explorer v6.0 or higher, Firefox v2.0 or higher, Safari v1.0 or higher.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
1.3 MBR1400 Overview
CradlePoint's Mission-Critical Broadband Router (MBR1400) takes the power and flexibility of our industry leading router,
and when combined with an active high-speed wireless broadband data connection, gets your business network online in
no time. CradlePoint’s ARC Series includes an integrated 3G/4G business-grade modem, a seamless, worry-free solution
to keep your business online.
Designed for small business, branch office, and retail locations – our business series router provides a secure primary or
backup connection to the Internet. In addition to connection options for traditional wired networking solutions like cable,
DSL, satellite, or T1, the most powerful feature of the MBR1400 is its ability to use CradlePoint business-grade modems
or USB or ExpressCard data modems to create instant networks anywhere you receive a broadband signal.
The MBR1400 features failover/failback, secure VPN, multiple encryption modes for maximum security, dual-band WiFi
broadcast, private and public networks, WiFi as WAN, Modem Health Management, and remote management options
with CradlePoint Enterprise Cloud Manager for deployed units. CradlePoint provides enterprise-grade performance,
security, and the modem reliability businesses need to ensure continuous uptime. Create an instant network today with
LTE, WiMAX, HSPA+, or any other wireless broadband technology.
ENTERPRISE PERFORMANCE
• Targeted for retail locations, branch offices, or small and medium-sized businesses
• Choose the ARC MBR1400 Series to include an integrated CradlePoint business-grade modem
• Centralize the administration and monitoring of distributed routers using cloud-based WiPipe Central
• Load balance multiple data sources (data modems, wired data services, and WiFi as WAN)
• Compatible with Cisco, Juniper, and other industry-leading network hardware providers
ENHANCED WIFI
• 750+ feet of WiFi range
• Wireless “N” WiFi (802.11n, 802.11a + legacy 802.11b/g, 3x3 MIMO antenna system)
• Enhanced performance around walls and other obstructions
• Dual-band WiFi broadcast – either 2.4 GHz or 5.0 GHz
• Maximum security with both public and private networks
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
• Dual-band WiFi, 3x3 MIMO antenna subsystem, removable external antennas, up to four SSIDs
• Plug-and-play support for more than 120 broadband data modems, allowing for site-specific carrier/service selection
for broadest deployment
• Up to 20 concurrent VPN endpoint sessions
• Compatible with Cisco, SonicWall, and other VPN termination systems
• Establish continuous uptime with optimum total cost of ownership for broad deployment
• Standardized platform and centralized remote management
• Simple to install, configure, and maintain with minimal impact on IT
• Virtual LAN capabilities
• Data Usage section that allows users to track and manage modem use relative to data plans
• NAT-less routing and VPN NAT traversal
• SNMP support
• USB-to-serial console passthrough support
• IP passthrough support
• Multicast Proxy support (requires hardware version 2.0)
• IPv6 support
LICENSABLE FEATURES – REQUIRE EXTENDED ENTERPRISE LICENSE
• OSPF, BGP, RIPv1 and RIPv2, VRRP, and STP (also requires hardware version 2.0)
• Site-to-site dynamic VPN with NHRP (also requires hardware version 2.0)
• NEMO (Network Mobility) / DMNR (Dynamic Mobile Network Routing for Verizon) (requires hardware version 2.0)
• Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP)
• OpenVPN (SSL VPN)
• Seamless integration with Zscaler's secure web gateway.
• WPA2 Enterprise Authentication for WiFi as WAN
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
1.3.1
CradlePoint Enterprise Cloud Manager
Rapidly deploy and dynamically manage networks at geographically distributed stores and branch locations with
Enterprise Cloud Manager, CradlePoint’s next generation management and application platform. Enterprise Cloud
Manager integrates cloud management with your CradlePoint devices to improve productivity, increase reliability, reduce
costs, and enhance the intelligence of your network and business operations. Learn more at http://cradlepoint.com/ecm.
1.3.2 Captive Portal
The Captive Portal solution provided by CradlePoint routers enables businesses to provide their customers with a public
WiFi hotspot with access controls. The controls can be as simple as requiring acceptance of a terms of service
agreement, while advanced features allow administrators to control and monitor usage, require login, direct users to
specific web pages, provide revenue through services fees or paid advertising, and more.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
1.4 CradlePoint ARC MBR1400 Series
The CradlePoint ARC MBR1400 Series includes a CradlePoint 3G/4G business-grade modem with the MBR1400 and
creates an effortless instant network from high-speed wireless broadband.
CradlePoint integrated business-grade modems are specifically designed to provide the highest level of performance,
reliability, and security for 24x7 business-critical applications. Antennas can be located and oriented to receive the highest
signal strength. The ARC Series intelligently manages the coexistence between the mobile broadband signal and the WiFi
broadcast of the router.
Choose from the following ARC MBR1400 Products:
•
•
•
•
•
MBR1400LE-VZ – 4G LTE/EVDO for Verizon
MBR1400LP-AT – 4G LTE/HSPA+ for AT&T
MBR1400LP2-EU – 4G LTE/HSPA+ for Europe
MBR1400LP – 4G LTE/HSPA+ for Canada
MBR1400W – 4G WiMAX for Sprint or CLEAR
Discontinued:
•
•
MBR1400E-VZ – 3G EVDO for Verizon
MBR1400E-SP – 3G EVDO for Sprint
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7
CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
MBR1400LE-VZ
4G/3G LTE/EVDO for Verizon
Technology: LTE, EVDO Rev A
Downlink Rates: LTE 100 Mbps, EVDO 3.1 Mbps (theoretical)
Uplink Rates: LTE 50 Mbps, EVDO 1.8 Mbps (theoretical)
Frequency Band: LTE Band 13 (700 MHz)
CDMA EVDO Rev A/1xRTT (800/1,900 MHz)
Power: LTE 23 +/− 1 dBm, EVDO 24 +/− 1dBm (typical
conducted)
Module: Sierra Wireless MC7750
Module Antennas: two SMA male (plug), 1 dBi (LTE), 2 dBi
(Cellular/PCS) gain; finger tighten only; maximum torque spec is 7
kgf-cm
GPS: standalone GPS support
Industry Standards & Certs: FCC, Verizon
Modem Part Number: MC200LE
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
MBR1400LP-AT
4G/3G LTE/HSPA+ for AT&T
Technology: LTE, HSPA+
Downlink Rates: LTE 100 Mbps, HSPA+ 21.1 Mbps (theoretical)
Uplink Rates: LTE 50 Mbps, HSPA+ 5.76 Mbps (theoretical)
Frequency Bands:
•
•
•
LTE Band 17 (700MHz), Band 4 (AWS)
UMTS/HSPA+ (850/1900/2100 MHz)
EDGE/GPRS/GSM (850/900/1800/1900 MHz)
Module Power: LTE 23 +/− 1 dBm, UMTS 23 +/− 1 dBm (typical
conducted)
Module: Sierra Wireless MC7700
Module Antennas: two SMA male (plug), 1 dBi (LTE), 2 dBi gain;
finger tighten only; support for GPS on aux connection
GPS: standalone GPS support
Industry Standards & Certs: PTCRB, FCC, AT&T
Modem Part Number: MC200LP
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
MBR1400LP2-EU
4G LTE/HSPA+ for Europe
Technology: LTE, HSPA+
Downlink Rates: LTE 100 Mbps, HSPA+ 21.1 Mbps (theoretical)
Uplink Rates: LTE 50 Mbps, HSPA+ 5.76 Mbps (theoretical)
Frequency Bands:
• LTE (800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz)
• HSPA+/UMTS (900/2100 MHz)
• EDGE/GPRS/GSM (900/1800/1900 MHz)
Module Power: LTE 23 +/− 1 dBm, UMTS 23 +/− 1 dBm (typical
conducted)
Module: Sierra Wireless MC7710
Module Antennas: two SMA male (plug), 1 dBi (LTE), 2 dBi
(Cellular/PCS) gain; finger tighten only; support for GPS on aux
connection
GPS: standalone GPS support
CradlePoint products with the -EU SKUs enable
and disable WiFi channels to comply with EU
law. The -EU SKUs are required for use in Europe
for products with 5 GHz WiFi, but these products
are not legal for use in North America.
See:
Industry Standards & Certs: CE, GCF-CC
Modem Part Number: MC200LP2
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_WLAN_channels.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
MBR1400LP
4G LTE/HSPA+ for Canada
Technology: LTE, HSPA+
Downlink Rates: LTE 100 Mbps, HSPA+ 21.1 Mbps (theoretical)
Uplink Rates: LTE 50 Mbps, HSPA+ 5.76 Mbps (theoretical)
Frequency Bands:
•
•
•
LTE Band 17 (700MHz), Band 4 (AWS)
UMTS/HSPA+ (850/1900/2100 MHz)
EDGE/GPRS/GSM (850/900/1800/1900 MHz)
Module Power: LTE 23 +/− 1 dBm, UMTS 23 +/− 1 dBm (typical
conducted)
Module: Sierra Wireless MC7700
Module Antennas: two SMA male (plug), 1 dBi (LTE), 2 dBi
(Cellular/PCS) gain; finger tighten only; support for GPS on aux
connections
GPS: standalone GPS support
Industry Standards & Certs: PTCRB, FCC, IC
Modem Part Number: MC200LP
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
MBR1400W
4G WiMAX for Sprint or CLEAR
Technology: WiMAX 802.16e Wave 2
Downlink Rates: 10Mbps peak, 6Mbps average
Uplink Rates: 5 Mbps peak, 1.2 Mbps average
Frequency Band: 2,500 MHz band
Power: 23.5 +/− 0.5 dBm (RSU/CPE)
Module: Beceem 250 chipset
Module Antennas: two SMA male (plug), 5 dBi gain; finger
tighten only; maximum torque spec is 7 kgf-cm
GPS: no GPS support
Industry Standards & Certs: FCC, Sprint, Clearwire
Modem Part Number: MC100W
For optimum performance, antennas on the MBR1400W-SP should
be pointed in opposite directions as shown to the right. This will help
prevent overlap with the 2.4 GHz WiFi band.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
MBR1400E-VZ
3G EVDO for Verizon
Technology: EVDO Rev A
Downlink Rates: 3.1 Mbps (theoretical)
Uplink Rates: 1.8 Mbps (theoretical)
Frequency Band: CDMA EVDO Rev A/1xRTT (800/1,900 MHz)
Power: 24 +/− 0.5 dBm (typical conducted)
Module: Sierra Wireless 5728v
Module Antennas: two SMA male (plug), 2 dBi gain
Industry Standards & Certs: modem model MC100E – Verizon
IOT; FCC Part 15, 22 & 24, CDG Stages 1,2; IS-2000IA-98D/E,
IS-134, IS-637B, IS-683A, IS-707A, IS-856, IS-866; JESD22A114-B, JESD22-C101
Modem Certification Model Number: MC100E
Modem Certification Part Number: MC100E-VZ
(MBR1400E-VZ has been discontinued.)
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
MBR1400E-SP
3G EVDO for Sprint
Technology: EVDO Rev A
Downlink Rates: 3.1 Mbps (theoretical)
Uplink Rates: 1.8 Mbps (theoretical)
Frequency Band: CDMA Rev A/1xRTT (800/1,900 MHz)
Power: 24 +/− 0.5 dBm (typical conducted)
Module: Sierra Wireless 5728v
Module Antennas: two SMA male (plug), 2 dBi gain
Industry Standards & Certs: modem model MC100E – Sprint;
FCC Part 15, 22 & 24, CDG Stages 1,2; IS-2000IA-98D/E, IS-134,
IS-637B, IS-683A, IS-707A, IS-856, IS-866; JESD22-A114-B,
JESD22-C101
Modem Certification Model Number: MC100E
Modem Certification Part Number: MC100E-SP
(MBR1400E-SP has been discontinued.)
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
2 HARDWARE OVERVIEW
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
2.1 Ports, Buttons, and Switches
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
LAN and WAN Ports: By default, the four orange ports are configured as LAN (Local Area Network) ports and the blue
port is configured as a WAN (Wide Area Network—your Internet source) port. Any LAN port, however, can be
reconfigured as a WAN port and vice versa.
Modem Ports: The MBR1400 has three USB 2.0 ports and two ExpressCard ports.
WiFi Antenna Connectors: Your router comes with three 2.4 GHz WiFi antennas (Reverse SMA). 5 GHz antennas are
available as an accessory. The antennas are simple to attach and adjust for maximum WiFi broadcast. (Finger tight only.)
Factory Default Reset: You can return your router to factory default settings by pressing and holding the Reset button.
This button is recessed, so it requires a pointed object such as a paper clip to press. Press and hold for 10 seconds to
initiate reset.
WPS Button: WiFi Protected Setup. When you press the WPS button for five seconds, it allows you to use WPS for WiFi
security. The LED will illuminate blue to indicate WPS status. Devices must support WPS in order to be configured by this
method.
Power On/Off:
• I = On
• O = Off
WiFi Broadcast On/Off: You have the option to turn off the WiFi radio.
• I = On
• O = Off
3G/4G Modem Signal Strength Button: When pressed the bar LEDs indicate signal strength from the CradlePoint
business-grade modem or USB or ExpressCard modem. The signal strength is shown for 10 seconds if the modem does
not support concurrent data connection and signal strength measurement. Tapping this button will toggle the Modem
Signal Strength display on and off.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
2.2 LEDs
LAN and WAN LEDs: The default settings are shown. LAN ports can be reconfigured to function as WAN ports and vice
versa; the LEDs will function accordingly.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
3 QUICK START
For full 3G/4G functionality, attach one (or more) of the
following:
3.1 Basic Setup
•
•
•
Your router requires an Internet source. Attach a
CradlePoint business-grade modem, insert one or
more supported USB or ExpressCard modem(s),
connect a cable or DSL modem to the blue Ethernet
WAN port, or connect to an available WiFi source. For
failover/failback functionality, you will need at least
two of these sources (for example: one Ethernet
source and one USB modem). 1
Attach the three included WiFi antennas to the
connectors for maximum WiFi broadcast. To
attach, hold the antenna straight and twist the
base of the antenna to connect, folding the joint if
needed. Please note that 2.4 GHz antennas are
provided. 5 GHz antennas are available as an
accessory.
Connect the 12v DC power adapter to the router
and a power source. Flip the power switch to the
ON position; this illuminates the green power
status LED.
1
This product requires a data modem with an active data plan for full
functionality. Data modem only included with ARC models. See your 3G/4G
service provider for details on coverage and data plan options.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
•
•
USB/ExpressCard modem(s)
Integrated CradlePoint business-grade modem
3.2 Connect to a Computer or other Device
3.2.1
Wireless Network Connection
1) Find the network. On a WiFi-enabled computer or device,
open the window or dropdown menu that allows you to access
wireless networks. The MBR1400 SSID will appear on the list:
select this network.
2) Log in. Input the Default Password when prompted. The
Default Password is provided on the product label found on the
bottom of your router (this password is also the last eight digits
of the router’s MAC address, which can be found on the
product box or product label).
NOTE: If more than one MBR1400 wireless router is visible, find the correct unit
by checking for its SSID (service set identifier; the unique name of the local
network). The SSID can be found on the product label in the form MBR1400xxx, where “xxx” is the last 3 digits of the router’s MAC address.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
3.2.2
Accessing the Administration Pages
For many users, the MBR1400 can be used immediately without any special configuration changes. If you would like to
change your network name or password or configure any of the advanced features of the MBR1400, you will need to log
into the administration pages:
•
•
•
Access your router’s Administrator
Login screen by opening a web
browser window and typing “cp/” (your
router’s default hostname) or the IP
address “192.168.0.1” into the
address bar.
Enter your Default Password. This
password can be found on the bottom
of the MBR1400. Then click the
LOGIN button.
When you log in for the first time, the
First Time Setup Wizard
automatically appears. Follow the
instructions given with the Wizard or
see Getting Started – First Time Setup
for more information about using the
First Time Setup Wizard.
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3.2.3
Connect to the Internet
If you used the First Time Setup Wizard, you might have
changed the “WiFi Network Name” or the “Security Mode”
password. If so, you will need to reconnect to the MBR1400
network.
•
•
Find the network. Look for your new personalized
network name (or the default SSID of the form
“MBR1400-xxx”).
Log in using your new personalized WiFi security
password (or the Default Password found on the product
label on the bottom of the router).
Your network should now be up and running, and users who
have the security password can access the network on WiFi-enabled devices.
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3.3 Common Problems
This section contains some of the most common issues faced by users of the MBR1400.
Please visit the CradlePoint Knowledge Base at http://knowledgebase.cradlepoint.com/ for more help and answers to your
other questions.
3.3.1
You cannot connect to the Internet with a CradlePoint business-grade modem
Make sure that you have an active data plan and that your modem has been activated. A wireless broadband data plan
must be added to your business-grade modem. Wireless broadband data plans are available from wireless carriers such
as Verizon, AT&T, and Sprint. A new line of service can be added or a data plan can be transferred from an existing
account. You will need the ESN number (or SIM/IMEI number depending on your carrier plan) from the product label on
your modem to add or transfer a line of service.
After adding a data plan to the modem, you may need to activate the modem:
1. Log in to the MBR1400 administration pages (see Accessing the Administration Pages).
2. Select Internet from the top navigation bar and Modem Settings from the dropdown menu (Internet → Modem
Settings).
3. Find and select the CradlePoint modem.
4. Click Update/Activate.
5. Click Activate in the popup.
Finally, if you have an active data plan and you have already activated your modem, you may be out of range of your
service provider. Check your signal strength in the Internet section of the Dashboard (Status → Dashboard). If you have
a weak signal in your location, contact your service provider.
If you are still not online after activating the modem, go to knowledgebase.cradlepoint.com for more information.
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3.3.2
Your USB or ExpressCard modem does not work with the router
•
If your USB data or ExpressCard is not working with the router, check the list of supported devices at
http://www.cradlepoint.com/modems to ensure you are using a supported device and carrier. The device you are
using must be supported on the carrier network providing your cellular service or it’s considered an unsupported
device, even if it is supported on another carrier’s network.
•
Sometimes a USB data modem needs to be updated or have other configurations set correctly in order to make a
connection through the router. If your USB modem has not been updated recently, it is recommended that you do
so if it is having trouble connecting to the MBR1400. Insert your USB data modem into your PC and access the
Internet using the software provided by your cellular carrier. Follow the directions provided to complete the update.
Once you have updated your USB data modem, reconnect the cellular device to your CradlePoint router and
connect to the Internet.
•
If you are using a WiMAX modem, you need to set the WiMAX Realm. This can be done in the administration
pages. Log in using the hostname “cp/” or IP address “http://192.168.0.1” in your browser. Go to Internet →
Connection Manager. In the WAN Interfaces section, select your modem and click “Edit.” Select the WiMAX
Settings tab and select/input your WiMAX Realm.
•
Some wireless carriers provide more than one Access Point Name (APN) that a modem can connect to. If you wish
to specify the APN, this can be done in the administration pages. Log in using the hostname “cp/” or IP address
“http://192.168.0.1” in your browser. Go to Internet → Connection Manager. In the WAN Interfaces section,
select your modem and click “Edit.” Select the SIM/APN Settings tab. There is an Access Point Name field: Set
the APN and click Submit. Some APN examples are isp.cingular, ecp.tmobile.com, and vpn.com. The modem
must be removed and reinserted (or the router must be rebooted) for this change to take effect.
•
If the above issues have been resolved and you can connect to the router but you cannot get Internet through it
using your modem, you may need to upgrade the router firmware. Use your computer (you may need to plug your
modem directly into your computer if you don’t have another way to access the Internet) to download the latest
firmware for the router at http://www.cradlepoint.com/firmware/MBR1400. Then log into the router administration
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pages and manually upload the firmware. Go to System Settings → System Software and click on “Manual
Firmware Upload”.
If you are still not online after activating the modem, go to knowledgebase.cradlepoint.com for more information.
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•
3.3.3
You are connected to the router but cannot connect to the Internet
The status LEDs of your router will give you an indication whether or not a proper connection is being made. See the LED
STATUS definitions below:
If the data modem LEDs are not illuminated, your modem is not connected and online. You may need to update firmware.
Refer to the previous section, “Your USB or ExpressCard modem does not work with the router.”
If you are still not online after activating the modem, go to knowledgebase.cradlepoint.com for more information.
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4 WEB INTERFACE – ESSENTIALS
The MBR1400 has a browser-based interface for configuration and administration of all features. The interface is
organized with 5 tabs at the top of the screen:
•
•
•
•
•
Getting Started
Status
Network Settings
Internet
System Settings
Web Interface – Essentials contains the following sections to help you more quickly and easily navigate these
administration pages:
4.1 Administrator Login
4.2 Getting Started – First Time Setup Wizard
4.3 Quick Links
4.4 Configuration Pages
4.5 Enterprise Cloud Manager Registration
4.6 IP Passthrough Setup
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4.1 Administrator Login
To access the administration pages, open a Web browser and type the hostname “cp/” or IP address “http://192.168.0.1”
into the address bar. The Administrator Login page will appear.
Log in using your administrator password. Initially, this password can be found on the bottom of the MBR1400 unit as the
Default Password. This password is also the last eight digits of the unit’s MAC address.
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You may have changed the administrator password during initial setup using the First Time Setup Wizard. Log in using
your personalized administrator password.
If you have forgotten your personalized password, you can reset the MBR1400 to factory defaults. When you reset the
router, the administrator password will revert back to the Default Password. Press and hold the reset button on the
router unit until the lights flash (approximately 10-15 seconds). You can then log in using the Default Password.
4.1.1 Router Details
The Administrator Login page includes a quick-reference section that shows the following information:
Router Details
•
•
Model Number: MBR1400
Internet Connection: Connected/Disconnected
Wireless Details
•
•
•
•
Status: Enabled/Disabled
Clients: The number of attached users
Channel: The channel number
Name: The name of the primary network (if you have more than one wireless network enabled, the additional
network names will also be listed here)
Modem Details (if you have a business-grade/USB/ExpressCard data modem attached)
•
•
•
•
Manufacturer: The name of the modem manufacturer (CradlePoint, Novatel, etc.)
Model: The name of the modem model
Signal: The strength of the signal (dBm)
Mode: LTE, EVDO, HSPA, etc.
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4.2 Getting Started – First Time Setup Wizard
The First Time Setup Wizard will help you customize the name of your wireless network, change passwords to
something you choose, and establish an optimal WiFi security mode. The MBR1400 comes out of the box with a unique
password at WPA1/WPA2 WiFi security level.
1) Open a browser window and type “cp/” or
“192.168.0.1” into the address bar. Press
enter/return.
2) When prompted for your password, type the eight
character Default Password found on the product
label on the bottom of the MBR1400 (this is also the
last 8 digits of the router’s MAC address).
3) When you log in for the first time, you will be
automatically directed to the FIRST TIME SETUP
WIZARD. (Otherwise, go to Getting Started → First
Time Setup).
4) CradlePoint recommends that you change the
router’s ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD, which is
used to log in to the administration pages. The
administrator password is separate from the WiFi security password, although initially the Default Password is used
for both.
NOTE: If you plan to use your router in a PCI DSS compliant environment, do not use this setting. Use the “Advanced Security Mode” settings under
the Router Security tab in System Settings → Administration instead.
5) You can select your TIME ZONE from a dropdown list. (This may be necessary to properly show time in your router
log, but typically your router will automatically determine your time zone through your browser.) Click NEXT.
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6) CradlePoint recommends that you customize your
WiFi network name. Type in your personalized
network name here. You can also enable the Guest
Network feature (for more configuration options, see
Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks and
the Wireless (WiFi) Network Settings section of this
manual).
Choose the WIFI SECURITY MODE that best fits
your needs:
•
•
•
•
BEST (WPA2): Select this option if your
wireless adapters support WPA2-only mode.
This will connect to most new devices and is
the most secure, but may not connect to older
devices or some handheld devices such as a
PSP.
GOOD (WPA1 & WPA2): Select this option if
your wireless adapters support WPA or
WPA2. This is the most compatible with
modern devices and PCs.
POOR (WEP): Select this option if your
wireless adapters only support WEP. This should only be used if a legacy device that only supports WEP will be
connected to the router. WEP is insecure and obsolete and is only supported in the router for legacy reasons.
The router cannot use 802.11n modes if WEP is enabled; WiFi performance and range will be limited.
NONE (OPEN): Select this option if you do not want to activate any security features.
CradlePoint recommends BEST (WPA2) WiFi security. Try this option first and switch only if you have a device that
is incompatible with WPA2.
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Choose a personalized WPA PASSWORD or WEP KEY. This password will be used to connect devices to the
router’s WiFi broadcast once the security settings have been saved.
•
•
WPA Password: The WPA Password must be between 8 and 64 characters long. A combination of upper and
lower case letters along with numbers and special characters is recommended to prevent hackers from gaining
access to your network.
WEP Key: A WEP Key must be either a hexadecimal value of 5 or 13 characters or a text value of 10 or 26
characters.
Click NEXT.
7) Configuring Your Access Point Name (APN):
If you are using a SIM-based modem (LTE/GSM/HSPA) with your CradlePoint router, you may need to configure the
APN before it will properly connect to your carrier. Wireless carriers offer several APNs, so check with your carrier to
confirm the appropriate one to use. Some examples include:
•
•
•
•
•
AT&T: "broadband"
T-Mobile: "epc.tmobile.com"
Rogers LTE: "lteinternet.apn"
Bell: "inet.bell.ca"
TELUS: "isp.telus.com"
You can either leave this on the Default setting
or select Manual and input a specific APN.
If your specific modem or SIM already has APNs
programmed into it, you should leave this on the
Default setting. After finishing this Wizard go to Internet → Connection Manager, select your modem, and edit the
settings. The SIM PIN/APN tab has more available settings than are provided here.
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8) Modem Authentication:
Some modems require a username and password to be entered to authenticate with a carrier. Do not fill in these fields
unless you are sure your modem needs authentication.
•
•
•
Authentication Protocol – Set this only if your service provider requires a specific protocol and the Auto
option chooses the wrong one. Select from:
o Auto
o Pap
o Chap
Username
Password
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9) Configuring Failure Check:
It is possible for a WAN interface to go down without
the router recognizing the failure. (For example: the
carrier for a cellular modem goes dormant, or your
Ethernet connection is properly attached to a modem
but the modem becomes disconnected from its Internet
source.) Enable Failure Check to ensure that you can
get out to the Internet via your primary WAN
connection. This option is disabled by default because
it may use data unnecessarily. Use this in combination
with failover, or for cellular modems, use this in
combination with Aggressive Reset (Internet → Connection Manager under Modem Settings in the interface/rule
editor).
Idle Check Interval: Set the number of seconds the router will wait between checks to see if the WAN is still available.
(Default: 30 seconds. Range: 10-3600 seconds.)
Monitor while connected: Select from the dropdown menu. (Default: Off)
•
•
Active Ping: A ping request will be sent to the Ping Target. If no data is received, the ping request will be
retried 4 times at 5-second intervals. If still no data is received, the device will be disconnected and failover will
occur. When “Active Ping” is selected, the next line gives an estimate of data usage in this form: “Active Ping
could use as much as 9.3 MB of data per month.” This amount depends on the Idle Check Interval.
Off: Once the link is established the router takes no action to verify that it is still up.
Ping IP Address: If you selected “Active Ping”, you will need to input an IP address that will respond to a ping request.
This IP address must be an address that can be reached through your WAN connection (modem/Ethernet). Some
ISPs/Carriers block certain addresses, so choose an address that all of your WAN connections can use. For best
results, select an established public IP address. For example, you might ping Google Public DNS at 8.8.8.8 or Level 3
Communications at 4.2.2.2.
Click NEXT.
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10) Review the details and record your wireless network name, administrative password, and WPA password (or WEP
key). Move your mouse over your WiFi password to reveal it.
Please record these settings for future access.
You may need this information to configure other
wireless devices.
NOTE: If you are currently using the MBR1400 WiFi network,
reconnect your devices to the network using the new
wireless network name and security password.
Click APPLY to save the settings and update them
to your router.
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4.3 Quick Links
The CradlePoint logo in the upper left-hand corner of all the administration pages is a link to
the Dashboard (Status → Dashboard), which displays fundamental information about the
router.
The black bar across the top provides quick access to important information and controls.
Internet Connection This links to Status → Internet
Connections where you can view in-depth information
about your Internet sources.
Click on this green dot to link to Internet →
Connection Manager where you can manage
your WAN interfaces.
Click on the image of four signal bars to open a
“Modem Connection Quality” popup window that
shows the strength of your Internet signal.
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WiFi Clients Click to view a signal strength indicator for
your network, “WiFi Connection Strength”.
The number listed in the orange block shows the
number of attached clients. Click this to go to the
Client List page (Status → Client List).
Logout Click to log out of the administration pages.
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4.4 Configuration Pages
The following table shows the navigation layout of the administration pages. Click on the tabs along the top bar to reveal
the following dropdown menus.
Getting Started
Status
Network Settings
Internet
System Settings
Enterprise Cloud
Manager Registration
Client List
Content Filtering
Connection Manager
Administration
CP Connect
DHCP Server
CP Connect
Device Alerts
First Time Setup
Dashboard
DNS
Client Data Usage
IP Passthrough Setup
GPS
Firewall
Data Usage
Enterprise Cloud
Manager
WiFi Protected Setup
GRE Tunnels
MAC Filter / Logging
GRE Tunnels
Feature Licenses
Hotspot Clients
Routing
L2TP Tunnels
Hotspot Services
Internet Connections
Routing Protocols
Serial Redirector
Routing
WiFi / Local Networks
Network Mobility
(NEMO)
Statistics
WiPipe QoS
NHRP Interfaces
System Control
System Logs
OpenVPN Tunnels
System Software
VPN Tunnels
VPN Tunnels
WiPipe QoS
WiFi as WAN / Bridge
SNMP Configuration
WAN Affinity / Load
Balancing
Status – Displays various types of information about your router such as a list of clients that are attached to your
networks (Client List), the details of each Internet source your router is using (Internet Connections), and a map of
your router’s location (GPS). Very few changes can be made from this tab because the primary purpose is to display
information.
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Network Settings – Provides configuration options for the networks, or LAN, created by your router. For example, enable
a guest WiFi network (WiFi / Local Networks), set up rules to filter websites (Content Filtering), or create a trafficshaping rule to set bandwidth priorities (WiPipe QoS).
Internet – Provides configuration options for the Internet sources, or WAN, used by the router. For example, you can set
up a rule to track how much data you are using per month on a modem (Data Usage), set WiFi to be an Internet
source (WiFi as WAN / Bridge), or set the failover order for your Internet sources (Connection Manager).
System Settings – Provides broad administrative controls. For example, you can set up a Terms of Use page for your
guest network (Hotspot Services), enable remote management of the router (Administration), or upgrade firmware
(System Software).
4.4.1 Network Settings vs. Internet
When using the Web interface, it will be important to pay attention to the difference between the Internet source for your
MBR1400 and the network created by the MBR1400. The “Internet” tab broadly refers to the router’s source of Internet,
while the “Network Settings” tab broadly refers to the network created by the router.
Internet tab
Network Settings tab
Internet “input”
Internet “output”
Source for MBR1400
Network created by MBR1400
WAN (Wide Area Network)
LAN (Local Area Network)
Examples:
•
•
If you want to change the content filtering settings for the network created by the MBR1400, go to the Network
Settings tab.
If you have multiple Internet sources (such as a CradlePoint business-grade modem and an Ethernet connection)
for which you would like to set priority levels, go to the Internet tab.
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4.5 Enterprise Cloud Manager Registration
To register your device with CradlePoint Enterprise Cloud, navigate to Getting Started → Enterprise Cloud Manager
Registration.
Input your ECM Username and ECM Password and click Register. You have now registered the device with Enterprise
Cloud Manager.
If you do not have ECM credentials, see http://www.cradlepoint.com/ecm for details or sign up at:
http://www.cradlepoint.com/ecm-signup.
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4.6 IP Passthrough Setup
You can quickly enable IP passthrough with the IP Passthrough Setup Wizard available under Getting Started → IP
Passthrough Setup. IP passthrough takes a 3G/4G WAN data source (USB, ExpressCard, or CradlePoint businessgrade modem) and passes the IP address through to Ethernet LAN.
Using this function requires many changes to your router configuration. The IP Passthrough Setup Wizard will
automatically make these changes for you: simply read through the wizard and select Enable IP Passthrough on the
second page. For further configuration options, see Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks.
Review the list of changes to ensure they are compatible with your router needs:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
All Ethernet ports will be set to LAN (i.e. you cannot use Ethernet as an Internet source for your router).
All WAN devices will have Load Balance disabled and the highest priority device will be used.
All network groups except the primary network group will be removed.
All wireless interfaces will be removed from the primary network group. (It is possible to have a wireless interface
associated with another network.)
All router-based VPN and GRE services will be disabled.
The Routing Mode will be set to IP Passthrough. (Network Settings → Local Networks in the “Local Network
Editor” under “IP Settings”)
The Subnet Selection Mode will be set to "Automatically Create Subnet". (Network Settings → Local Networks in
the “Local Network Editor” under “IP Settings” – this shows once IP Passthrough is set as the Routing Mode)
Any Ethernet WAN connections should be disconnected before IP passthrough is enabled.
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5 STATUS
The Status tab displays information about many different aspects of the router. It provides access to these submenu
options:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Client List
CP Connect
Dashboard
GPS
GRE Tunnels
Hotspot Clients
Internet Connections
Routing
Statistics
System Logs
VPN Tunnels
WiPipe QoS
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5.1 Client List
The Client List displays the specifications of each
device connected to your router, including Wireless
and Wired clients.
Wireless Clients. For each device using a wireless
connection to your MBR1400, the following
information is displayed: Hostname, IP, MAC,
Connection, and Time Online.
Wired Clients. For each device using a wired
connection to your MBR1400, the following
information is displayed: Hostname, IP, and MAC.
Hostname: The name by which each computer or device in a network is known.
IP: The “IP address,” or “Internet Protocol address,” specifies a location for each device.
MAC: This is the "MAC address", a factory-assigned identifier used to identify a specific attached computer or device.
Connection: Summary of the wireless connection. For example: 802.11n, 20 MHz, 130 Mbps, -26 dBm
• 802.11n: The transmission standard being used by the client. Possible values include 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g,
and 802.11n. 802.11n is the newest and best standard, but some older devices may not support it.
• 20 MHz: This is the channel width that defines the theoretical data rate (in megahertz) that the attached computer
or device can send to or receive from the router. The channel width is set in Network Settings → WiFi / Local
Networks. Typically this will be 20 MHz, but 40 MHz is possible if the router is set to use two adjacent 20 MHz
channels. A wider channel can mean better performance, but not if there is too much interference. Even if 40 MHz
is set in the WiFi Channel Width, the router may still fall back to 20 MHz if interference is found.
• 130 Mbps: The transmit rate (in megabits per second) currently used to transmit packets from the router to the
client. This rate changes automatically to match environmental conditions. Distance from the router, interference,
etc can impact this value. Higher values indicate better performance. Devices can still function in the network with
as little as 1 Mbps.
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•
-26 dBm: A relative measure of wireless signal quality (decibels relative to one milliwatt). This expresses
theoretical best quality. The value is given as a negative exponent: -20 is a very good value while -80 is relatively
poor. Signal quality can be reduced by distance, by interference from other radio-frequency sources (such as
cordless telephones or neighboring wireless networks), and by obstacles between the router and the wireless
device.
Time Online: Simply the amount of time the device has been connected to the router.
Kick: Click on this button to disconnect a client.
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5.2 CP Connect
View the status of configured CP Connect tunnels.
To set up or edit a CP Connect tunnel, go to Internet → VPN Tunnels.
NOTE: CP Connect requires a feature license. Go to System Settings → Feature Licenses to enable this feature.
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5.3 Dashboard
The Dashboard shows fundamental information about your router, divided into the following basic categories:
•
•
•
•
Router Information
Internet
Local Networks
WiFi Networks
For more in-depth information and/or configuration
options, click on the Detailed Info link beside the
category title. For each category, this links to:
Router Information
•
System Settings → Administration
Internet
•
Internet → Connection Manager
Local Networks
•
Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks
WiFi Networks
•
Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks
After the initial setup of the router, every time you log in you will automatically be directed to
this Dashboard. Also, you can click on the CradlePoint logo in the upper left-hand corner to
return to the Dashboard from any page.
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Router Information: “Detailed Info” links to System Settings → Administration.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Product: MBR1400 or MBR1400v2
Firmware: Gives the number of the current firmware version
Build Date: Year-month-day-hours-minutes-seconds for the most recent firmware upgrade
MAC Address: The router’s unique identifier
CPU Usage: Expressed as a percentage
Up Time: Total time for current session
Clock: Current local date and time
To check for firmware upgrades, see System Settings → System Software.
Internet: “Detailed Info” links to Internet → Connection Manager.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
State: Connected/Disconnected
Signal Strength: Expressed as a percentage (Signal Strength is not included if Ethernet is the WAN type)
WAN Type: Ethernet, Modem, or WiFi as WAN
Connection Type: Possibilities include: DHCP (for Ethernet), HSPA, LTE, WiMAX, etc.
Connected Time: The time the current Internet source (WAN) has been connected
IP Address
Gateway
DNS Servers
For configuration options, see Internet → Connection Manager.
The IP address and gateway describe your active WAN source.
For DNS server configuration options, see Network Settings → DNS.
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Local Networks: “Detailed Info” links to Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks.
•
Clients: The number of current clients
For each network, the following information is displayed:
• Network Name: IP Address/Netmask
o Route Mode: NAT (Network Address Translation), Standard (NAT-less), Hotspot, or Disabled
o Access: Admin Access, LAN Isolation, UPnP (Universal Plug and Play), and/or DHCP
To configure a network, see Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks.
WiFi Networks: “Detailed Info” links to Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks.
•
WiFi Radio: Channel: 1-11 for 2.4 GHz; 36, 40, 44, 48, 149, 153, 157, 161, or 165 for 5 GHz; Transmit Power
(expressed as a percentage)
For each WiFi network, the following information is displayed:
• SSID: Service Set Identifier, an identifier for a wireless network
o Security: WPA2/WPA1/WEP Personal/Enterprise or Open; Isolated Clients
o Network: The name of the local network
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To configure WiFi network settings see Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks.
5.3.1
Router Alerts
On the right side of the Dashboard page is a brief set of “Router Alerts” that state basic
information such as whether the router is running properly. This will inform you about the
availability of new firmware, for example.
Router Alerts includes links to the System Software page (for new firmware) and the
Connection Manager.
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5.4 GPS
If GPS support is enabled and a modem capable of
providing GPS coordinates is connected, this page
shows a graphical view of your router's location.
See the GPS section in System Settings →
Administration to enable GPS support.
GPS information is only displayed if 1) the modem
supports GPS, 2) your carrier allows the GPS
functionality, and 3) the modem has sufficient GPS
signal strength. If no information is displayed, check
that both the modem and your carrier support GPS.
If GPS is supported, make sure the modem is in an
area where it can receive a signal from the GPS
satellites.
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5.5 GRE Tunnels
View the status of configured GRE Tunnels. To set up or edit a GRE tunnel, go to Internet → GRE Tunnels.
Included information:
• Name
• Status
• Transmit (packets/bytes)
• Receive (packets/bytes)
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5.6 Hotspot Clients
View the status of the clients that have logged in through the Hotspot/Captive Portal. View:
• Hostname
• IP address
• MAC address
• Data Usage (both IN and OUT)
• Time Online
You may revoke a client's access to the Internet by clicking the 'Revoke' button.
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
5.7 Internet Connections
The Internet Connections submenu option provides a list of attached WAN devices used as the Internet source for the
MBR1400. Select one of these devices to see detailed information about that particular device.
For each type of device, different information will be included in the Device Information section. Possible devices
include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ethernet
LTE Modem
HSPA+ Modem
WiMAX Modem
GSM Modem
EVDO Modem
WiFi as WAN
Depending on the device, possible information will be in the following sections: Diagnostics, General Information, IP
Information, and Statistics. For modems, the Diagnostics section provides specific information about how the modem is
communicating with its carrier.
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5.7.1
Ethernet
General Information
•
•
•
•
Unique Identifier wan
Model
Type ethernet
Port
IP Information
•
•
•
DNS Servers
IP Address
Gateway
Statistics
•
•
•
Incoming Bytes
Outgoing Bytes
Connection Uptime (secs)
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
5.7.2
LTE Modem (PANTECH UML290)
Diagnostics
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Home Address
MN-HA SPI
Modem Firmware Version
Battery Status
MN-HA SS
Network Address Identifier (NAI)
Signal Strength(dBm)
Rev Tun
Battery Level
Secondary Home Agent
Service Display LTE
Primary Home Agent
Carrier Status
Profile
MN-AAA SPI
PIN Status
MN-AAA SS
Connection State (connected, idle,
etc.)
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General Information
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Product PANTECH UML290
Protocol IP DHCP
Unique Identifier
ESN/IMEI
Model UML290VW
Type modem
Port
Manufacturer Pantech, Incorporated
IP Information
•
•
•
Netmask
IP Address
Gateway
Statistics
•
•
•
•
Outgoing Bits/Second
Incoming Bits/Second
Incoming Bytes
Outgoing Bytes
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CRADLEPOINT MBR1400 | USER MANUAL – Firmware version 5.0
5.7.3
HSPA+ Modem (Nokia Datacard)
Diagnostics
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Manufacturer Nokia
Product Nokia Datacard
Model Nokia Internet Stick CS-18
ESN/IMEI
Modem Firmware Version
Mobile Directory Number
Carrier ID AT&T
Carrier Status
Signal Strength
Signal Error Rate
PIN Status
General Information
•
•
•
•
•
Model Nokia Internet Stick CS-18
Unique Identifier
Port
Profiles 1-9
Type modem
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IP Information
•
•
•
DNS Servers
IP Address
Gateway
Statistics
•
•
•
Incoming Bytes
Outgoing Bytes
Connection Uptime (secs)
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5.7.4
WiMAX Modem (U300 – 4G)
Diagnostics
For a WiMAX modem, the CINR and
Signal Strength values are important as
they show how strong the signal is and
that has significant effects on how much
data the router can download or send. You
can place the router in different locations
to see where you get better signal. You
can also see a LED display of the current
signal strength. Pressing the router's
Signal Strength button will toggle the LED
display on and off.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Base Station ID (BSID)
Signal Strength(dBm)
Center Frequency
Calibration Status—Don’t worry if
this says the modem is not
calibrated.
Modem Firmware Version
CINR
Connection State (connected, idle,
etc.)
General Information
•
•
•
•
Product U300 – 4G
Protocol Ethernet Static
Unique Identifier
MAC
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•
•
•
Type WiMAX
Port
Manufacturer Franklin Wireless Corporation
Statistics
•
•
•
•
Outgoing Bits/Second
Incoming Bits/Second
Incoming Bytes
Outgoing Bytes
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5.7.5
GSM Modem (Nokia Datacard)
Diagnostics
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Signal Error Rate
Modem Firmware Version
Battery Status
Battery Level
Carrier Status
Signal Strength(dBm)
PIN Status
Connection State (connected, idle,
etc.)
General Information
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Product Nokia Datacard
Protocol PPP
Unique Identifier
ESN/IMEI
Model Nokia Internet Stick CS-18
Type modem
Port
Manufacturer Nokia
IP Information
•
•
•
Netmask
IP Address
Gateway
Statistics
•
•
Outgoing Bits/Second
Incoming Bits/Second
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•
•
Incoming Bytes
Outgoing Bytes
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5.7.6
EVDO Modem: (MC760 Comcast)
Diagnostics
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Modem Firmware Version
PRL Version
Service Display EVDO
Carrier Status
Signal Strength(dBm)
Connection Type CDMA
Connection State (connected, idle, etc.)
General Information
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Product MC769 COMCAST
Protocol PPP
Unique Identifier
ESN/IMEI
Model MC760 COMCAST
Type modem
Port
Manufacturer Novatel Wireless Inc.
IP Information
•
•
•
Netmask
IP Address
Gateway
Statistics
•
•
•
•
Outgoing Bits/Second
Incoming Bits/Second
Incoming Bytes
Outgoing Bytes
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5.7.7
WiFi as WAN
Diagnostics
•
Connection State (connected, idle,
etc.)
General Information
•
•
•
Product Wireless As WAN
Unique Identifier
Type wwan
IP Information
•
•
•
Netmask
IP Address
Gateway
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5.8 Routing
System Routes displays routes associated with networks connected to the router as well as routes learned from routing
protocols (such as RIP or BGP).
Static Routes displays user-specified routes configured in Network Settings → Routing.
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GRE Routes displays user-specified routes configured in Internet → GRE Tunnels.
VPN Routes displays user-specified routes configured in Internet → VPN Tunnels.
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NEMO Routes displays user-specified routes configured in Internet → Network Mobility (NEMO).
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5.9 Statistics
The Statistics submenu option displays basic traffic statistics.
Wireless Statistics: View the signal strength and other wireless modem information. The wireless device’s signal
strength will only be displayed as long as it supports “Live Diagnostics.” Sample rate and size can be adjusted from the
dropdown boxes.
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Data Usage: A measure of amount of information that is currently being sent or received through the network. Sample
rate and size can be adjusted from the dropdown boxes.
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Failover/Failback/Load Balance: An easy way to view current connective states of the devices plugged into the router
as compared to the past. Sample rate and size can be adjusted from the dropdown boxes.
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5.10 System Logs
The router automatically logs (records) events of possible interest in its internal memory. If there is not enough internal
memory for all events, logs of older events are deleted, but logs of the latest events are retained. The log options allow
you to filter the router logs so you can easily find relevant messages. This router also has external Syslog Server support
so you can send the log files to a computer on your network that is running a Syslog utility.
Auto Update: The logs automatically refresh whenever
the router creates a new message.
Update: Click to check for new router messages.
Clear Log: Clear the log file.
Save Log: This will open a dialog in your browser that
will allow you to save the router's log to your computer.
Search: Enter keywords to find specific events.
Level: Select/Deselect from the following levels to filter
messages by priority.
• Critical
• Error
• Warning
• Info
NOTE: The logs are erased whenever the router is rebooted or
loses power.
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5.11 VPN Tunnels
View the status of configured VPN tunnels. To set up or edit a VPN tunnel, go to Internet → VPN Tunnels.
Included information:
• Name
• Connections
• Status
• Protocols
• Transferred
• Direction
• Time Online
• Control
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5.12 WiPipe QoS
View the breakdown of packets and bytes sent and received associated with each WiPipe QoS rule.
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6 NETWORK SETTINGS
The Network Settings tab provides access to these submenu options for administering the following functions/tasks, which
all relate to managing the LAN (Local Area Networks).
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Content Filtering
DHCP Server
DNS
Firewall
MAC Filter / Logging
Routing
Routing Protocols
WiFi / Local Networks
WiPipe QoS
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6.1 Content Filtering
You have two main options for filtering content in a network created by your MBR1400.
1) WebFilter Rules: Create a list of websites that will be either disallowed or allowed. Customize the filter settings for
each network and/or each MAC address. (These rules will not block HTTPS websites.)
2) Cloud Based Filtering/Security: Allows several options for filtering and security using third-party services:
• Umbrella by OpenDNS
• Zscaler
6.1.1
Network WebFilter Rules
Network WebFilter Rules allow you to control access from your network to external domains or websites. Rules are
assigned to a specific LAN network (or all networks). The highest priority rule will have precedence when there is a
conflict. Addresses can be added by URL/Domain name or by IP address.
Exceptions to existing rules can be created by adding another rule with higher priority. For example, if access to
espn.go.com is desired but go.com is blocked with a priority of 50, the addition of an “Allow” rule for espn.go.com with a
priority of 51 or greater will allow access.
When creating rules keep in mind that some sites use multiple domains, so each domain may need a rule added to
produce the desired behavior.
NOTE: Websites that use HTTPS will not be blocked by these rules. You will need to use OpenDNS to block HTTPS websites.
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Click Add or Edit to open the Filter Rule Editor.
•
•
•
•
•
Assigned Network: Select either “All Networks” or one of
your LAN networks from the dropdown list.
Domain/URL/IP: Enter the Domain Name or URL (address)
of the website you wish to control access for, e.g.
www.google.com. To make sure the full domain is
blocked, enter the most inclusive domain (e.g. google.com
will effectively block www.google.com as well as
maps.google.com and images.google.com). Alternatively
you can use an IP address, e.g. 8.8.8.8, or address range
written in CIDR notation, e.g. 8.8.8.0/24.
Filter Action: Select Block or Allow.
Rule Priority: Higher number rules overrule lower number
rules.
Enabled: A rule can be enabled or disabled by selecting or
deselecting the checkbox.
Click Submit to save your rule changes.
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6.1.2
Default Filter Settings
Use Default Network Filter Settings together with Network WebFilter Rules to control website access. All of your
networks are set to allow website access by default. Select a network and click Edit to change the default filter settings.
Default Action: Select from the following dropdown options:
•
•
Allow Access (default)
Block Access
When a network is set to Allow Access, it will allow access to
sites not specifically blocked in the WebFilter Rules.
When a network is set to Block Access, it will block access to
sites not specifically allowed in the WebFilter Rules.
Filter URLs by IP Address: (Default: No) Changing this option to
“Yes” will cause the router to perform a DNS lookup on URL
entries, and the IP addresses will be appended to the appropriate
block/allow list. This can have the side effect of being very strict;
sites that are hosted across many domains may need every
domain added to the list for full functionality.
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6.1.3
MAC Address WebFilter Rules
MAC Address WebFilter Rules allow you to control access from a specific MAC address to external domains or
websites.
The settings for the MAC Address WebFilter Rules section match those
for the Network WebFilter Rules, except that you must assign a MAC
address instead of a network to each rule.
See the Network WebFilter Rules section for more configuration details.
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6.1.4
MAC Address WebFilter Defaults
Use MAC Address WebFilter Defaults together with MAC Address WebFilter Rules to control website access for
specific MAC addresses. By default, each MAC address is allowed website access. Click Add/Edit to change this setting
for a MAC address.
Input the MAC address and default action you would like
to apply to that MAC address.
Default Action: Select from the following dropdown options:
•
•
Allow Access (default)
Block Access
When a network is set to Allow Access, it will allow access
to sites not specifically blocked in the WebFilter Rules.
When a network is set to Block Access, it will block access
to sites not specifically allowed in the WebFilter Rules.
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6.1.5 Cloud Based Filtering/Security
Select a third-party Cloud Provider from the dropdown list.
• Umbrella by OpenDNS
• Zscaler
Umbrella by OpenDNS
Umbrella by OpenDNS is a cloud-based web
filtering and security solution that protects you
online by filtering websites. Go to
http://www.opendns.com/business-security/
for information about Umbrella.
Enter your Umbrella account information in
order to use these content filtering settings.
Force All DNS Requests To Router:
Enabling this will redirect all DNS requests
from LAN clients to the router's DNS server.
This will allow the router even more control
over IP Addresses even when the client might
have their own DNS servers statically set.
OpenDNS ISP Filter Bypass Algorithm: It is possible that your Internet Service Provider (ISP) uses the port that
OpenDNS is configured to access, port 53, which will prevent OpenDNS filtering. If OpenDNS does not appear to be
working correctly, enabling this will attempt to bypass those ports when using an OpenDNS content filtering level.
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Zscaler
Zscaler (http://www.zscaler.com) is a cloud based web filtering and security provider that offers several plan options.
Depending on your Zscaler implementation, this could include:
• Global Cloud Platform
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Real-Time Reporting
Behavioral Analysis
URL Filtering
Advanced Threat Protection
Inline Anti-Virus & Anti-Spyware
Web 2.0 Control
Data Loss Prevention
Bandwidth Management
Web Access Control
And more…
NOTE: Zscaler requires a feature license. Go to
System Settings → Feature Licenses to enable this
feature.
Enter your Zscaler account information to
enable these settings. Input local network
information (Network Address and Netmask)
to assign your Zscaler implementation to one
or more local network(s).
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6.2 DHCP Server
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. The built-in DHCP server automatically assigns IP addresses to
the computers and other devices on each local area network (LAN). In this section you can view a list of assigned IP
addresses and reserve IP addresses for particular devices.
Active Leases: A list of devices that have
been provided DHCP leases. The DHCP
server automatically assigns these leases.
This list will not include any devices that
have static IP addresses on the network.
Select a device and click Reserve to add
the device and its IP address to the list of
Reservations.
Reservations: This is a list of devices with
reserved IP addresses. This reservation is
almost the same as when a device has a static IP address except that the device must still request an IP address from the
router. The router will provide the device the same IP address every time. DHCP reservations are helpful for server
computers on the local network that are hosting applications such as Web and FTP. Servers on your network should
either use a static IP address or a reservation.
While you have the option to manually input the information to reserve an IP address (Hostname, Hardware Addr, IP
Addr), it is much simpler to select a device under the Active Leases section and click “Reserve.” The selected device’s
information will automatically be added under Reservations.
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6.3 DNS
DNS, or Domain Name System, is a naming system that translates between domain names (www.cradlepoint.com, for
example) and Internet IP addresses (206.207.82.197). A DNS server acts as an Internet phone book, translating between
names that make sense to people and the more complex numerical identifiers. The DNS page for the MBR1400 has these
distinct functions:
• DNS Settings: By default your router is set to automatically acquire DNS servers through your Internet provider
(Automatic). DNS Settings allows you to specify DNS servers of your choosing instead (Static).
• Dynamic DNS Configuration: Allows you to host a server (Web, FTP, etc.) using a domain name that you have
purchased (www.yourname.com) with your dynamically assigned IP address.
• Known Hosts Configuration: Allows you to map a name (printer, scanner, laptop, etc.) to an IP address of a
device on the network.
6.3.1
DNS Settings
You have the option to choose specific DNS servers for
your network instead of using the DNS servers assigned
by your Internet provider. The default DNS servers are
usually adequate. You may want to assign DNS servers if
the default DNS servers are performing poorly, if you want
WiFi clients to access DNS servers that you use for
customized addressing, or if you have a local DNS server
on your network.
Automatic Config: Automatic or Static (default: Automatic). Switching to “Static” enables you to set specific DNS servers
in the Primary DNS and Secondary DNS fields.
Primary DNS and Secondary DNS: If you choose to specify your DNS servers, then enter the IP addresses of the
servers you want as your primary and secondary DNS servers in these fields. The DNS server settings will be prepopulated with public DNS server IP addresses. You can override the IP address with any other DNS server IP address of
your choice. For example, Google Public DNS servers have the IP addresses 8.8.8.8 and 8.8.4.4 while 4.2.2.2 and 4.2.2.3
are servers from Level 3 Communications.
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Force All DNS Requests To Router: Enabling this will redirect all DNS requests from LAN clients to the router's DNS
server. This will allow the router even more control over IP addresses even when clients have their own DNS servers
statically set.
6.3.2 Dynamic DNS Configuration
The Dynamic DNS feature allows you to host a server (Web, FTP, etc.) using a domain name that you have purchased
(www.yourname.com) with your dynamically assigned IP address. Most broadband Internet Service Providers assign
dynamic (changing) IP addresses. When you use a Dynamic DNS service provider, you can enter your host name to
connect to your server, no matter what your IP address is.
Enable Dynamic DNS: Enable this option only if you
have purchased your own domain name and registered
with a Dynamic DNS service provider.
Server Type. Select a dynamic DNS service provider
from the pull-down list:
• DynDNS
• DNS-O-Matic
• ChangeIP
• NO-IP
• Custom Server (DynDNS clone)
Custom Server Address. Only available if you select
Custom Server from the Server Address dropdown list.
Enter your custom DynDNS clone server address here.
For example: www.mydyndns.org.
Use HTTPS: Use the more secure HTTPS protocol. This
is recommended, but could be disabled if not compatible
with the server.
Host name: Enter your host name, fully qualified. For example: myhost.mydomain.net.
User name: Enter the user name or key provided by the dynamic DNS service provider. If the dynamic DNS provider
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supplies only a key, enter that key for both the User name and Password fields.
Password: Enter the password or key provided by the dynamic DNS service provider.
6.3.3 Advanced Dynamic DNS Settings
Update period (hours). (Default: 576) The time between periodic updates to the dynamic DNS, if your dynamic IP
address has not changed. The timeout period is entered in hours so valid values are from 1 to 8760.
Override External IP. The external IP is usually configured automatically during connection. However, in situations where
the unit is within a private network behind a firewall or router, the network's external IP address will have to be manually
configured in this field.
You may find out what your external IP address is by going to http://myip.dnsomatic.com/ in a web browser.
6.3.4
Known Hosts Configuration
The Known Hosts Configuration feature allows you to
map a name (printer, scanner, laptop, etc.) to an IP
address of a device on the network. This assigns a new
hostname that can be used to conveniently identify a
device within the network, such as an office printer.
Click Add to name a device in your network.
Fill in the following fields:
• Hostname: Choose a name that is meaningful to you. No spaces
are allowed in this field.
• IP address: The address of the device within your network.
EXAMPLE: a personal laptop with IP address 192.168.0.164 could be assigned the
name “MyLaptop”.
Since the assigned name is mapped to an IP address, the device’s IP
address should not change. To ensure that the device keeps the same
IP address, go to Network Settings → DHCP Server and reserve the IP address for the device by selecting the device in
the Active Leases list and clicking “Reserve”.
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6.4 Firewall
The router automatically provides a firewall. Unless you configure the router to the contrary, the router does not respond
to unsolicited incoming requests on any port, thereby making your LAN invisible to cyber attackers.
However, some network applications cannot run with a tight firewall. Those applications need to selectively open ports in
the firewall to function correctly. The options on this page control ways of opening the firewall to address the needs of
specific types of applications.
6.4.1
Port Forwarding Rules
A port forwarding rule allows traffic from the
Internet to reach a computer on the inside of your
network. For example, a port forwarding rule might
be used to run a Web server.
Exercise caution when adding new rules as
they impact the security of your network.
Click Add to create a new port forwarding rule, or select an
existing rule and click Edit.
Add/Edit Port Forwarding Rule
•
•
•
•
Name: Name your rule.
Use Port Range: Changes the selection options to allow
you to input a range of ports (if desired).
Internet Port(s): The port number(s) as you want it
defined on the Internet. Typically these will be the same
as the local port numbers, but they do not have to be.
These numbers will be mapped to the local port numbers.
Local Computer: Select the IP address of an attached
device from the dropdown menu, or manually input the IP address of a device.
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•
•
•
Local Port(s): The port number(s) that corresponds to the service (Web server, FTP, etc) on a local computer or
device. For example, you might input “80” in the Local Port(s) field to open a port for a Web server on a computer
within your network. The Internet Port(s) field could then also be 80, or you could choose another port number that
will be used across the Internet to access your Web server. If you choose a number other than 80 for the Internet
Port, connections to that number will be mapped to 80—and therefore the Web server—within your network.
Protocol: Select from the following options in the dropdown menu:
o TCP
o UDP
o TCP & UDP
Click Submit to save your completed port forwarding rule.
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6.4.2 Network Prefix Translation (Advanced)
Network Prefix Translation is used in IPv6 networks to translate one IPv6 prefix to another. IPv6 prefix translation is an
experimental specification (RFC 6296) trying to achieve address independence similar to NAT in IPv4. Unlike NAT,
however, NPT is stateless and preserves the IPv6 principle that each device has a routable public address. But it still
breaks any protocol embedding IPv6 addresses (e.g. IPsec) and is generally not recommended for use by the IETF. NPT
can help to keep internal network ranges consistent across various IPv6 providers, but it cannot be used effectively in all
situations.
The primary purpose for CradlePoint’s NPT implementation is for failover/failback and load balancing setups. LAN clients
can potentially retain the original IPv6 lease information and may experience a more seamless transition when WAN
connectivity changes than if not utilizing NPT.
Mode:
•
•
•
•
None – No translation is performed
Load Balance Only – (Default) Only
translate networks when actively load
balancing
First – Use the first IPv6 prefix found
Static – Always use a static IPv6 translation (input the prefix here)
Transitioning from short prefix to a longer prefix (such as from /48 to /64) is not without problems, as some of the LANs
may lose IPv6 connectivity.
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6.4.3
IP Filter Rules (Advanced)
An "Incoming" IP filter rule restricts remote access
to computers on your local network. "Outgoing"
filter rules prevent computers on your local
network from initiating communication to the
address range specified in the rule.
This feature is especially useful when combined with port forwarding and/or DMZ to restrict remote access to a specified
host or network range. For example, in order to host a server you might have opened ports with a port forwarding rule that
could expose your LAN to cyber attacks. With an incoming IP filter rule, you can restrict the access to your LAN to only
known devices.
•
•
•
•
•
Name: Name your rule.
Enabled: Selected by default.
Log: When checked each packet
matching this filter rule will be logged
in the System Logs.
Action: “Allow” or “Deny”
Protocol: Any, ICMP, TCP, UDP,
GRE, ESP, or SCTP.
IP Source / IP Destination
•
•
•
IP Negation: Match on any IP
address that is NOT in the specified IP
network range.
Network IP: Optional field to specify a
matching network IP address for this
rule to match against.
Netmask: Use this to define a subnet
size this rule will match against.
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•
•
Port Negation: Match on any port that is NOT in the specified port range.
Port(s): Use for a single port or a range of ports. Fill in the left side for a single port.
Use Network IP, Netmask, and Port(s) to specify the ports and addresses for which the rule applies. You can specify a
range of ports or a single port. Similarly, the netmask can be used to define either a range of addresses (i.e.
255.255.255.0) or a single address (255.255.255.255).
If you leave these values blank, then all IP addresses and ports will be included. IP Source and IP Destination options
can be used to differentiate between the directions that packets go. You could permit packets to come from particular IP
addresses but then not allow packets to return to those addresses.
Example of an IP Filter Rule: Suppose you have opened a port in your firewall in order to run a server. Someone, Johnny, is abusing that
opening, so you would like to restrict his access. Create a rule that will deny Johnny’s IP address.
Add IP Filter Rule
•
•
•
•
Name: No more Johnny
Enabled: Selected
Action: Deny
Protocol: Any
IP Source
•
•
•
Network IP: 172.22.24.160 (Johnny’s IP address)
Netmask: 255.255.255.255 (This netmask restricts the rule to one single address).
Port(s): 80
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6.4.4
DMZ: DeMilitarized Zone (Advanced)
A DMZ host is effectively not firewalled in the
sense that any computer on the Internet may
attempt to remotely access network services at the
DMZ IP address. Typical uses involve running a
public Web server or sharing files.
Input the IP Address of a single device in your
network to create a DeMilitarized Zone for that device. To ensure that the IP address of the selected device remains
consistent, go to the “Reservations” section under Network Settings → DHCP Server and reserve the IP address for the
device.
As with port forwarding, use caution when enabling the DMZ feature as it can threaten the security of your
network. Only use DMZ as a last resort.
6.4.5
Application Gateways (Advanced)
Enabling an application gateway makes pinholes
through the firewall. This may be required for some
applications to function, or for an application to
improve functionality or add features.
Exercise caution in enabling application
gateways as they impact the security of your
network.
Enable any of the following types of application
gateways:
•
•
•
PPTP: For virtual private network access
using Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol. This
is enabled by default.
SIP: For VoIP (voice over IP) using Session Initiation Protocol.
TFTP: Enables file transfer using Trivial File Transfer Protocol.
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•
•
6.4.6
FTP: To allow normal mode when using File Transfer Protocol. This is not needed for passive mode. This is
enabled by default.
IRC: For Direct Client to Client (DCC) transfer when using Internet Relay Chat. You may wish to forward TCP port
113 for incoming identd (RFC 1413) requests.
Firewall Options (Advanced)
Anti-Spoof: Anti-Spoof checks help protect against
malicious users faking the source address in packets they
transmit in order to either hide themselves or to
impersonate someone else. Once the user has spoofed their address they can launch a network attack without revealing
the true source of the attack or attempt to gain access to network services that are restricted to certain addresses.
6.4.7
Remote Administration Access Control (Advanced)
Enable Remote Administration Access Control: Selecting this option allows you to make remote administration tools
available to only the specified IP addresses. Access from all other IP addresses will be blocked. This option only filters IP
addresses: you must enable Remote Management separately (System Settings → Administration).
The services affected by this include remote HTTP, HTTPS, SNMP, and SSH configuration tools. This does not restrict
access to LAN-based administration, i.e. devices within your network still have administration access. The individual
remote administration services can be enabled under System Settings → Administration → Remote Management.
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Add/Edit Allowed Remote Access Addresses
IP Address: The IP address that will be allowed to access
administrative services through the WAN.
Netmask (Optional): The netmask allows you to specify
what IP address sets will be allowed access. If this field is
left empty a netmask of 255.255.255.255 will be used,
which means that only the single specified IP address
would have remote administration access.
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6.5 MAC Filter / Logging
A MAC (Media Access Control) address is a unique identifier for a computer or other device. This page allows you to
manage clients by MAC address. You can filter clients by MAC addresses and/or keep a log of devices connected to your
router.
6.5.1
Filter Configuration
The MAC Filter allows you to create a
list of devices that have either
exclusive access (whitelist) or no
access (blacklist) to your wireless
LAN.
Enabled: Click to allow MAC Filter
options.
Whitelist: Select either “Whitelist” or
“Blacklist” from a dropdown menu. In
"Whitelist" mode, the router will
restrict WiFi access to all computers
except those contained in the "MAC Filter List" panel. In “Blacklist” mode, listed devices are completely blocked from WiFi
access.
MAC Filter List (Whitelist or Blacklist): Add devices to either your whitelist or blacklist simply by inputting each device’s
MAC address.
NOTE: Use caution when using the MAC Filter to avoid accidentally blocking yourself from accessing the router.
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6.5.2 MAC Logging Configuration
Enable MAC Logging: Enabling MAC Logging will cause the router to log MAC addresses that are connected to the
router. MAC addresses that you do not want to have logged (addresses that you expect to be connected) should be
added to the “Ignored MAC Addresses” list.
You can configure the router to send an alert if a connected device has a MAC address that the router doesn’t recognize.
Go to System Settings → Device Alerts to set up these email alerts.
Ignored MAC Addresses: This is the
list of MAC addresses that will not
produce an alert or a log entry when
they are connected to the router.
These should be MAC addresses that
you expect to be connected to the
router.
To add MAC addresses to this list,
simply select devices shown in the
MAC Address Log and click “Ignore.”
You can also add addresses
manually.
MAC Address Log: This shows the
last 64 MAC addresses that have
connected to the router, as well as
which interface was used to connect.
The time/date that is logged is the time of the first connection. The page may need to be refreshed to show the most
recent log entries.
Double-clicking on entries from this list will add them to the Ignored MAC Addresses list.
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6.6 Routing
Add a new static route to the IP routing table or edit/remove an existing route.
Static routes are unnecessary for most users. They are typically only used in networks with more than one layer, such as
when there is a network within a network so that packet destinations are hidden behind an additional router. Adding a
static route is a way of telling the router about an additional step that packets will need to take to reach their destination.
Click Add to create a new static route.
IP/Network Address: The IP address of the target
network or host.
Netmask: The Netmask, along with the IP address, defines the network the computer belongs to and which other IP
addresses the computer can see in the same LAN. An IP address of 192.168.0.1 along with a Netmask of 255.255.255.0
defines a network with 256 available IP addresses from 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.0.255.
NOTE: 255.255.255.255 is used to signify only the host that was
entered in the IP/Network Address field.
Gateway: Specifies the next hop to be taken if this route
is used. A gateway of 0.0.0.0 implies there is no next
hop, and the IP address matched is directly connected to
the router on the interface specified: LAN or WAN.
Allow Network Access: (Default: Deselected.) Some
static routes will need an IP Filter Rule via the Firewall to
allow packets through the route without being blocked.
Selecting this option automatically creates this IP Filter
Rule. If the IP/Network Address falls outside the LAN IP
range, you probably need to select this option.
Distribute: Allow this static route to be distributed via a routing protocol (Network Settings → Routing Protocols).
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6.7 Routing Protocols
NOTE: Routing Protocols require a feature license. Go to System Settings → Feature Licenses to enable these features. These protocols also
require hardware version 2.0.
A routing protocol is a protocol that specifies how routers communicate with each other, disseminating information that
enables them to select routes between any two nodes on a computer network. Routing algorithms choose the route. Each
router has a prior knowledge only of networks attached to it directly. A routing protocol shares this information first among
immediate neighbors, and then throughout the network. This way, routers gain knowledge of the topology of the network.
Choose from the following tabs to configure routing protocols:
• BGP Routing
• OSPF Routing
• RIP Routing
• RIPNG Routing
• Route Maps and Filters
6.7.1
BGP Routing
The latest version of BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) is version 4. BGP-4
is one of the Exterior Gateway Protocols and de facto standard of Inter
Domain routing protocol. BGP-4 is described in RFC1771, A Border
Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4). BGP is a distance vector routing protocol,
and the AS-Path framework provides distance vector metric and loop
detection to BGP. RFC1930.
BGP Editor
•
•
•
Name: Unique name of the policy.
ASN: The AS (Autonomous System) number is one of the
essential elements of BGP.
Router-ID: This sets the router-ID of the BGP process. The routerID may be an IP address of the router, but need not be - it can be
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•
any arbitrary 32bit number. However it MUST be unique within the entire BGP domain to the BGP speaker - bad
things will happen if multiple BGP speakers are configured with the same router-ID.
Enabled: Click to enable/disable the policy. (Default: enabled.)
Networks Associated with ASN: Use the IP address and netmask to
assign networks to this ASN.
Neighbor Options: Creates a new neighbor identified by remote ASN
and IP address.
Redistribute Routes: Redistribute routes of the specified protocol or
kind into BGP, with the metric type and metric set if specified, filtering
the routes using the given route map if specified. Redistributed routes
may also be filtered with distribute lists.
•
•
•
Type: The type is the source of the route. Select from: Main,
Connected, Static, RIP, and OSPF.
Metric: Numerical priority of the route.
Route Map: Route maps provide a means to filter and/or apply
actions to routes, allowing policies to be applied to routes.
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6.7.2
OSPF Routing
OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) version 2 is a routing protocol described in RFC2328, OSPF Version 2. OSPF is an IGP
(Interior Gateway Protocol). Compared with RIP, OSPF can provide more scalable network support and faster
convergence times. OSPF is widely used in large networks such as ISP (Internet Service Provider) backbone and
enterprise networks.
OSPF Editor
•
•
•
•
Name: Unique name of the policy.
Router ID: This sets the router-ID of the OSPF
process. The router-ID may be an IP address of the
router, but need not be – it can be any arbitrary 32bit
number. However it MUST be unique within the entire
OSPF domain to the OSPF speaker - bad things will
happen if multiple OSPF speakers are configured
with the same router-ID.
Authentication Key: Set OSPF authentication key to a simple password. After setting authentication key, all OSPF
packets are authenticated. The authentication key has a maximum length of eight characters.
Enabled: Click to enable/disable the policy. (Default: enabled.)
Network Areas: Areas are identified by an ID number. As
of 4.1.1, CradlePoint only supports area 0. Use the IP
address and netmask fields to associate a network with this
policy. Also, choose whether to select Passive (active by
default). Passive areas do not advertise.
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Redistribute Routes: Redistribute routes of the specified protocol or kind
into BGP, with the metric type and metric set (if specified), filtering the
routes using the given route map (if specified). Redistributed routes may
also be filtered with distribute lists.
•
•
•
6.7.3
Type: The type is the source of the route. Select from: Main,
Connected, Static, RIP, OSPF.
Metric: Numerical priority of the route.
Route Map: Route maps provide a means to filter and/or apply
actions to routes, allowing policies to be applied to routes.
RIP Routing
RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is a widely deployed interior gateway protocol. RIP is a distance-vector protocol based
on the Bellman-Ford algorithms. As a distance-vector protocol, RIP sends updates from one router to its neighbors
periodically, allowing the convergence to a known topology. In each update, the distance to any given network will be
broadcast to its neighboring router. The router supports RIP version 2 as described in RFC2453 and RIP version 1 as
described in RFC1058.
RIP Editor
•
•
•
Name: Unique name of the policy.
Metric: RIP metric is a value for distance for the
network. Usually RIP increments the metric when
the network information is received. The metric for
redistributed routes is set to 1.
Protocol Version: RIP can be configured to send
either Version 1 or Version 2 packets. The default
is to send RIPv2 while accepting both RIPv1 and
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•
•
RIPv2 (and replying with packets of the appropriate version for REQUESTS / triggered updates).
Password: RIPv2 allows packets to be authenticated via either an insecure plain text password, included with the
packet, or a more secure MD5 based HMAC (keyed-Hashing for Message AuthentiCation). RIPv1 cannot be
authenticated at all, so when authentication is configured RIP will discard routing updates received via RIPv1
packets.
Enabled: Click to enable/disable the policy. (Default: enabled.)
Networks: Set the RIP-enabled interfaces by network. RIP is
enabled on the interfaces that have addresses within the network
range.
Neighbors: When a neighbor doesn't understand multicast, this
command is used to specify neighbors. In some cases, not all
routers will be able to understand multicasting, where packets are
sent to a network or a group of addresses. In a situation where a
neighbor cannot process multicast packets, it is necessary to
establish a direct link between routers. The neighbor command
allows the network administrator to specify a router as a RIP neighbor. The no neighbor a.b.c.d command will disable the
RIP neighbor. Assign a neighbor by inputting an IP address.
Redistribute Routes: Redistribute routes of the specified protocol or
kind into BGP, with the metric type and metric set (if specified), filtering
the routes using the given route map (if specified). Redistributed routes
may also be filtered with distribute lists.
•
•
•
Type: The type is the source of the route. Select from: Main,
Connected, Static, RIP, OSPF.
Metric: Numerical priority of the route.
Route Map: Route maps provide a means to filter and/or apply
actions to routes, allowing policies to be applied to routes.
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6.7.4
RIPNG Routing
RIP (Routing Information Protocol) RIPng (RIP next generation) extends RIPv2 to support IPv6. See RIPng on Wikipedia
and RFC 2080 for details.
RIPNG Editor
•
•
•
Name: Unique name of the policy.
Metric: RIPng metric is a value for distance for the
network. Usually RIP increments the metric when the
network information is received. The metric for
redistributed routes is set to 1.
Enabled: Click to enable/disable the policy. (Default:
enabled.)
Networks: Set the RIPng-enabled interfaces by network using
IPv6 addresses. RIPng is enabled on the interfaces that have
addresses within the network range.
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Routes: Set RIPng static routing announcement of specified
network address.
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Redistribute Routes: Redistribute routes of the specified protocol or kind
into BGP, with the metric type and metric set (if specified), filtering the
routes using the given route map (if specified). Redistributed routes may
also be filtered with distribute lists.
•
•
•
Type: The type is the source of the route. Select from: Main,
Connected, Static, RIP, OSPF.
Metric: Numerical priority of the route.
Route Map: Route maps provide a means to filter and/or apply
actions to routes, allowing policies to be applied to routes.
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6.7.5 Route Maps and Filters
Access Lists
This option provides for basic filtering based on IP
addresses and netmasks.
Click Add to create a filtering rule.
Name: Choose a unique name.
Allow: Select “Permit” or “Deny”.
IP Address: Input the IP addresses that you want
permitted or denied.
Netmask: Use this along with “IP Address” to specify a
range of IP Addresses associated with this Access Lists
rule.
Route Map
Route maps provide a means to filter and/or apply actions to routes, allowing policies to be applied to routes. Route maps
define rules for transferring between different routing protocols. Each statement in a route map is ordered. Once there is a
match to a statement, the statement is executed and the scan terminates.
Click Add to create a new route map.
•
•
•
Name: Choose a unique name.
Allow: Select “Permit” or “Deny”.
Order: Input a number to set the order of this policy.
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Match and Set: Both of these have the following configuration options:
•
•
•
IP address: Input an IP address with this policy.
Metric: Numerical priority of the route.
Community: The BGP community list is a userdefined BGP communities attribute list. The BGP
community list can be used for matching or
manipulating BGP communities attribute in
updates.The community attributes are a 32-bit
number that also has some aliases.
o internet: alias for well-known communities
value 0
o no-export: alias for well-known communities
value NO_EXPORT (0xffffff01)
o no-advertise: alias for well-known communities value NO_ADVERTISE (0xffffff02)
o local-AS: alias for well-known communities value NO_EXPORT_SUBCONFED (0xffffff03)
Match: This specifies the policy implied if the `Matching Conditions' are met or not met, and which actions of the route
map are to be taken, if any. The two possibilities are:
1. Permit: If the entry matches, then carry out the `Set Actions'. Then finish processing the route map, permitting the
route, unless an `Exit Action' indicates otherwise.
2. Deny: If the entry matches, then finish processing the route-map and deny the route (return `deny').
Set: A route-map entry may, optionally, specify one or more `Set Actions' to set or modify attributes of the route.
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6.8 WiFi / Local Networks
This section is used to configure the settings for
networks created by your router (LAN). Note that
changes made in this section may also need to be
duplicated on wireless devices that you want to
connect to your wireless network.
For example, if you change a wireless LAN’s IP address,
devices within that network will lose connection. They will
have to reconnect to the network.
The user can set up multiple networks on the
MBR1400, each with its own unique configuration
and its own selection of interfaces. Each local
network can be attached to any of the following
types of interfaces:
•
•
•
WiFi
Ethernet
VLAN
For example, one network might be just an isolated
WiFi hotspot for guests, while another might be the
main network with administrative access, an
Ethernet port, a password-protected WiFi SSID,
and a VLAN interface.
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6.8.1
Local IP Networks
Local IP Networks displays the following information for each network:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Network Name and IP address/Netmask (along the top bar)
Enabled: Yes/No
Multicast Proxy (Enabled/Disabled)
DHCP Server (Enabled/Disabled)
Schedule (Enabled/Disabled – See
the Schedule tab in the Local Network
Editor)
VRRP Failover State (Disabled,
Backup, or Master)
IPv4 Routing Mode (NAT, Standard,
IP Passthrough, Hotspot, Disabled)
IPv6 Addressing Mode (SLAAC
Only, SLAAC with DHCP, Disable
SLAAC and DHCP)
Access Control (Admin Access, UPnP Gateway, LAN Isolation)
Attached Interfaces (Ethernet ports, WiFi, VLAN)
Click Add to configure a new network, or select an existing network and click Edit to view configuration options.
HotSpot (Captive Portal)
When you set a network as a “Hotspot” under Routing Mode, you will also need to:
1) Configure hotspot settings under System Settings → Hotspot Services. Click on Configure to link to that page.
2) If you want a hotspot that includes WiFi, set one of your WiFi interfaces to “Open” for its Security Mode and attach
this interface to your hotspot network. Otherwise guests will need to know the password to connect to the WiFi
network even before viewing a Terms of Service page (or other hotspot options). Also, make sure your WiFi
interface is “Enabled”.
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6.8.2
Local Network Editor
Click Add or select a network and click Edit to open the Local Network Editor to make configure a LAN. The Local
Network Editor contains the following tabs: General Settings, IPv4 Settings, IPv6 Settings, Interfaces, Access Control,
IPv4 DHCP, IPv6 Addressing, Multicast Proxy, Schedule, VRRP, STP, and Wired 802.1X.
General Settings:
Enabled: Push to manually disable a network. Also,
some settings could cause a network to be
automatically disabled: click here to re-enable the
network.
Name: This primarily helps to identify this network
during other administration tasks.
Hostname: [Default: cp (for CradlePoint)] The
hostname is the DNS name associated with the
router's local area network IP address.
NOTE: You can access the router’s administration pages by
typing the hostname into your browser, so if you change “cp” to
another hostname, you can access the administration pages
through the new hostname.
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IPv4 Settings:
IP Address: This is the address used by the router for local area network communication. Changes to this parameter may
require a restart to computers on this network.
Each network must have a distinct IP address. Most users will want an address from one of the following private IP
ranges:
• 10.0.0.1 - 10.255.255.1
• 172.16.0.1 - 172.31.255.1
• 192.168.0.1 - 192.168.255.1
NOTE: The final number does not have to be 1, but it is a simple, logical convention for routers that leaves higher numbers free for other devices.
Netmask: (Default: 255.255.255.0) The netmask controls how many IP addresses can be used in this network. The
default value allows for 254 IP addresses.
IPv4 Routing Mode: (Default: NAT) Each network can use a unique routing mode to connect to the Internet and other
local networks. NAT is desirable for most configurations. Select from the following options in the dropdown list:
•
•
•
•
•
NAT: Network Address Translation hides private IP addresses behind the router's IP address. This is the simplest
and most common choice for users, because NAT does the translation work for you.
Standard: NAT-less routing. If you select Standard, you must separately configure your IP addresses so that they
will be publically accessible. Typically you will not select this option unless you have a specific reason to bypass
NAT.
IP Passthrough: IP Passthrough passes the IP address given by a cellular modem (WAN) through the router to
Ethernet (LAN). All Ethernet ports must be in LAN mode (or disabled) and Hotspot, VPN, and GRE must be
disabled. Any wireless interfaces must be removed from this network in order to enable IP Passthrough. The
easiest way to enable IP Passthrough mode is with the IP Passthrough Setup Wizard (see Getting Started → IP
Passthrough Setup).
Hotspot: Provide Hotspot Services on this network, requiring Terms of Service or RADIUS/UAM authentication
before WAN access will occur on both wireless and wired LAN connections. To enable a Hotspot you must also
configure your Hotspot settings under System Settings → Hotspot Services.
Disabled: Disable this network.
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IPv6 Settings:
IPv6 must be enabled through the WAN initially: go to
Internet → Connection Manager to enable IPv6.
IPv6 Address Source: By default, this is set to
Delegated, which means the IPv6 address range for
the LAN is passed through from the WAN side. Change
this to Static to input your own IPv6 address range
here, or select None to explicitly disable IPv6 LAN
connectivity.
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Interfaces:
Select network interfaces to attach to this network.
Choose from WiFi, Ethernet ports, and VLAN
interfaces. Double-click on any of the interfaces shown
on the left in the Available section to move them to
the Selected section on the right (or highlight an
interface and click the “+” button). To deselect an
interface, double-click on an interface in the Selected
section (or highlight the interface and click the “–“
button).
If you want more interface options, you must configure
additional WiFi, Ethernet ports, and VLAN interfaces
separately. See the Local Network Interfaces section
below (on this same administration page: Network
Settings → WiFi / Local Networks).
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Access Control:
Tune the access control settings of this network to
match the intended use. Simply select or deselect any
of the following:
•
•
•
LAN Isolation: When checked, this network will
NOT be allowed to communicate with other local
networks.
UPnP Gateway: Select the UPnP (Universal
Plug and Play) option if you want to enable the
UPnP Gateway service for computers on this
network.
Admin Access: When enabled, users may
access these administration pages on this
network.
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IPv4 DHCP:
Changing settings for the IPv4 DHCP server is optional. The default selections are almost always sufficient.
DHCP Server: (Default: Enabled) When the DHCP server is enabled, users of your network will be able to automatically
connect to the Internet without any special configuration. It is recommended that you leave this enabled. Disabling the
DHCP server is only recommended if you have another DHCP server on your network and it is configured properly.
Range Start and Range End: These designate the range of values in the reserved pool of IP addresses for the DHCP
server. Values within this range will be given to any DHCP enabled computers on your network. The default values are
almost always sufficient (default: 72 to 200, as in 192.168.0.72 to 192.168.0.200).
Example: The router uses an IP address of 192.168.0.1 for its primary network by default. A computer designated as a Web server has a static IP
address of 192.168.0.3. Another computer is designated as an FTP server with a static IP address of 192.168.0.4. The starting IP address for the
DHCP server needs to be 192.168.0.5 or higher.
Lease Time: [Default: 720 minutes (12 hours)] The lease time specifies how long DHCP-enabled computers will wait
before requesting a new DHCP lease. Smaller values are better suited to busy environments.
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Custom Options: Input a custom DHCP option by first clicking the Custom Options field to enable it and then clicking
“Add” at the top of the table that appears. There are close to 200 possible DHCP options available. One of the more
common uses is to assign a VoIP phone server using option 66 (Server name).
•
•
Option: Select an option from the dropdown list or manually
enter the number of an option. A complete list of options is
available from IANA.
Value: Generally this field should be a string, IP address,
or numeric value. Some fields can accept both IP
addresses and hostnames – in these cases you may need
to wrap this value in quotes. For example, option 66 (Server
name) requires quotes around IP addresses.
DHCP Relay: DHCP Relay communicates with a DHCP server
and acts as a proxy for DHCP broadcast messages that must be
routed to remote segments. This is accomplished by converting broadcast DHCP messages to unicast messages to
communicate between clients and servers.
DHCP Server Address: An optional DHCP server address if more than one DHCP server is located on the network. This
field is only available when DHCP Relay is enabled.
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IPv6 Addressing:
Address Configuration Mode:
SLAAC Only – SLAAC stands for stateless address
autoconfiguration. The router regularly generates a
router advertisement that includes network prefix and
routing information, allowing clients to autogenerate an
address and start communicating on the network. Clients
utilize neighbor discovery protocols to ensure multiple
clients on the subnet have not chosen an identical
address.
SLAAC with DHCP – (Default) IPv6 DHCP provides an
additional client configuration method and is regularly
combined with SLAAC to provide DNS servers (a
shortcoming in the original SLAAC specification) and
additional options not supported by SLAAC. By
defaulting to SLAAC with DHCPv6, all IPv6-capable
clients on the network should be configurable with IPv6
connectivity.
•
•
•
DHCP Range Start: The beginning of the range that will be used for IPV6 DHCP addresses. The IPv6 range will
always start at 1.
DHCP Range End: The ending IP address in the DHCP Server range is the end of the reserved pool of IP
addresses that will be given to any DHCP-enabled computers on your network.
IPv6 DHCP Lease Time: This specifies how long DHCP-enabled computers will wait before requesting a new
DHCP lease.
Disable SLAAC and DHCP – Disable both IPv6 address configuration modes.
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Multicast Proxy:
IGMP (Internet Group Management Protocol) multicast proxy
allows a single packet to reroute to multiple destinations (see
the Wikipedia explanation of multicast). This may be used for
IPTV, for example.
Multicast Proxy: Select to enable IGMP proxy support to
allow multicast streams to flow across this network.
By default, enabling multicast proxy enables a multicast
connection with devices within the LAN. In rare cases,
additional IP address ranges need access to the multicast
streams. Click Add and input the IP Address and Netmask
for an additional IP address range.
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Schedule:
Set up a schedule for this network interface. This
allows an interface to be enabled or disabled during
specific hours of a day. For example, use this to
limit a Hotspot network to business hours.
Schedule Service: (Default: Disabled.) Select to
enable. This will open a configurable chart for
setting the schedule.
Each hour of the week is represented by a black or
gray square. Black represents disabled, while gray
represents enabled. Hover over a square to reveal
the hour it represents. Click on the squares to
toggle between black and gray.
In the example shown, the network is enabled from
8-5 on Monday through Friday, but disabled at all
other times.
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VRRP:
NOTE: VRRP requires a feature license. Go to System
Settings → Feature Licenses to enable this feature. VRRP
also requires hardware version 2.0.
VRRP (Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol) allows
you to associate multiple routers with one LAN so
that if the primary physical router fails, the LAN will
keep the same settings via the virtual router.
Enable VRRP: Select to enable VRRP
configuration options.
Virtual Router IP: IP address of the virtual router.
This must be distinct from the IP address of any
physical router associated with the virtual router.
Virtual Router ID: Identifying number of the virtual
router. (Range: 1-255)
Router Priority: Failover priority level of this
physical router. The physical router with the highest
priority number will have primary ownership of the
virtual router. (Range: 1-254)
WAN Fault Priority: This optional value sets the failover priority of this router when no WAN connection is available. If the
value matches the normal router priority, WAN connection state will not be considered. If the value is empty (the default),
the router will always give up ownership of the virtual IP and let a new master take over when no WAN connection is
available.
Advertisement Interval: Sets the amount of time (in seconds) between VRRP advertisements, which communicate the
router status. The default of 1 second is standard.
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Initial Virtual Router State: This controls the initial VRRP failover state for this physical router: choose Master or
Backup. This sets up the virtual router association more quickly than the Router Priority level, but the Router Priority
assignment will eventually overrule this if there is a discrepancy.
Authentication: VRRP Authentication Method. This is for legacy purposes: VRRP Authentication has been deprecated
as of RFC 3768. Select None or Simple. If you select Simple, input a VRRP group password.
Provide Virtual IP in DHCP leases: Select this to automatically set the DHCP default gateway address and DNS server
address to the virtual IP in DHCP leases provided on this network.
STP:
NOTE: STP requires a feature license. Go to System Settings → Feature
Licenses to enable this feature. STP also requires hardware version 2.0.
NOTE: STP requires a feature license. Go to
Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) allows a network design to
include redundant paths while preventing broadcast radiation
from bridge loops.
Enable STP: Enable Spanning Tree Protocol loop detection.
Bridge Priority: Set the priority of the bridge. When
determining the root bridge of the spanning tree topology, the
bridge priority is compared first. The bridge with the lowest
priority value will win. If you want this router to be the root
bridge, then set it to a value less than the default of 32768. A
valid priority value is between 0 and 65535.
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Wired 802.1X: (requires hardware version 2.0)
This allows you to configure an authentication server that will accept authentication requests from devices attached to
wired Ethernet ports. IEEE 802.1X defines the encapsulations of the Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP).
Click Enable 802.1X to require IEEE 802.1X authorization for the Ethernet ports associated with this network.
Reauthentication Period: EAP re-authentication period in seconds.
Authentication settings
•
•
Auth Server IP Address: This is the IP address
of the connected RADIUS server.
Auth Server MAC Address: This is the
hardware address of the connected RADIUS
server’s interface.
NOTE: If you don’t know the MAC address for the
RADIUS server, enter 00:00:00:00:00:00 and the service
will try to find the MAC address from the given IP address.
•
•
Port: 1812 is common for the authentication
port.
Password: Assigned by the RADIUS server.
Accounting settings: Most of the accounting settings
often match the authentication settings, depending on
whether the RADIUS server is the same for both
authentication and accounting.
•
•
•
•
Acct Server IP Address
Acct Server MAC Address
Port: 1813 is common for the accounting port.
Password
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6.8.3
Local Network Interfaces
Each LAN type—WiFi, Ethernet, and VLAN—has a separate section with configuration options. Unless the default
configuration is sufficient, YOU MUST CONFIGURE EACH INTERFACE SEPARATELY in order to create the desired
interface options for a network. You can then select these interfaces to add to a network in the Local Network Editor (see
above).
Select from the following tabs:
•
•
•
Wireless (WiFi) Network Settings
Ethernet Port Configuration
VLAN Interfaces
Wireless (WiFi) Network Settings
The MBR1400 can broadcast as many as four
SSIDs (service set identifiers – the names for
WiFi networks). One primary WiFi network is
enabled by default, while you may have
enabled a second guest network when using
the First Time Setup Wizard. You have the
ability to change the settings for either of
these networks and/or enable two additional
networks.
Wireless Radio: Enable/Disable. (Default:
Enabled). Leave enabled unless you don’t
want any WiFi networks broadcast from your router.
Select a WiFi network and click Edit to change the settings.
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Wireless Network Editor
WiFi Name (SSID): When users browse for available
wireless networks, this is the name that they will see.
This name is referred to as the SSID (service set
identifier). For security purposes, CradlePoint highly
recommends that you change this from the preconfigured name.
Hidden: This shows whether the router broadcasts its
SSID. It is somewhat harder for hackers to find and
attack a router that is not broadcasting its SSID, which
adds to the wireless security, but it is also more difficult
for friendly users to attach to a WiFi network with a
hidden SSID.
Isolate: Select this to isolate all wireless clients so they
cannot directly communicate with each other on the
wireless network.
WMM: WiFi Multimedia. This is a basic traffic shaping,
or QoS (quality of service), system for the network.
WMM works behind the scenes to set priorities for
different types of traffic on your network. For example,
video streams are given higher priority than print jobs,
since video streams need consistent throughput.
Enabled: Whether the network is available.
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Security Mode: You have several options for selecting a security mode. The mode you choose depends on the security
features your wireless adapters support.
• WPA2 Personal
• WPA / WPA2 Personal
• WPA Personal
• WPA2 Enterprise
• WPA / WPA2 Enterprise
• WPA Enterprise
• WEP Auto
• Open
Select “Open” to create a hotspot: otherwise select the best
security that your devices will support (CradlePoint recommends
WPA2).
Depending on which Security Mode you select, there are different setup options.
• “Personal” security modes require passwords.
• “Enterprise” security modes are linked to a RADIUS server and require RADIUS authentication: IP, Port, and
Shared Key (Secondary IP and NAS ID optional).
• “WPA2” (Personal or Enterprise) forces AES as the WPA Cipher.
• “WPA/WPA2” and “WPA” (Personal or Enterprise) allow AES, TKIP/AES, and TKIP.
• “WEP Auto” requires a WEP Key.
• “Open” has no password or other security measures.
NOTE: If you don’t know whether you should choose Personal or Enterprise, assume Personal since you need to know RADIUS authentication for
Enterprise.
In order to protect your network from hackers and unauthorized users, CradlePoint highly recommends WPA2/AES for
security if your attached devices can support it. WEP and WPA/TKIP are obsolete and have been replaced by WPA/AES.
Using those security settings will cause the WiFi to limit to 802.11g modes.
NOTE: If you select one of the security modes and are unable to connect to the router afterwards, you can use the reset buttons to reset the router
to its factory default state and try a different security mode instead.
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Ethernet Port Configuration
Ethernet Port Configuration provides
controls for your router’s Ethernet ports.
There are five total ports: one blue port and
four numbered orange ports. While default
settings will be sufficient in most
circumstances, you have the ability to
control: Mode (WAN or LAN) and Link
Speed. Additional controls for WAN ports
are available in Internet → Ethernet
Settings.
Mode: WAN or LAN. Default setting is WAN
(Wide Area Network) for the blue port and
LAN (Local Area Network) for the four
orange ports.
•
•
Internet (WAN) is used to connect to
another network such as a hotel or
office wired network. The WAN
connection is used as a possible source of Internet for the MBR1400.
Local Network (LAN) is for connecting a computer or similar device directly to the router with an Ethernet cable.
Link Speed: Default setting is Auto. The Auto setting is preferred in most cases.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Auto
10Mbps - Half Duplex
10Mbps - Full Duplex
100Mbps - Half Duplex
100Mbps - Full Duplex
1000Mbps - Full Duplex
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Ethernet Port Group Editor
A Port Group represents a logical grouping of Ethernet
ports. Any computers physically connected to ports in a
group will be allowed to freely communicate with each
other. For example, if you leave all four orange ports set
as LAN ports, you might group Orange Port 1 and Orange
Port 2 together to be part of your primary network, and
then group Orange Port 3 and Orange Port 4 together to
be part of a guest network.
NOTE: When a port group uses the LAN mode you must separately
ensure that this logical interface is attached to a Local IP Network in
the top panel of this page.
Port Group ID: The Group ID field provides a reference
to this grouping of ports to be used in other parts of the
router configuration. For example, this ID is referenced in
the Local IP Networks configuration to attach this logical
group of Ethernet ports with a network configuration. Use
a simple short text phrase to describe this group, such as
"main", "guestports", "backup_wan", etc.
Select one or more ports to create a port group that you can subsequently attach to a network in the Local Network
Editor. Double-click on any of the Ethernet ports shown on the left in the Available section to move them to the Selected
section on the right (or highlight a port and click the + button). To deselect an Ethernet port, double-click on an interface in
the Selected section (or highlight the port and click the – button).
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VLAN Interfaces
A virtual local area network, or VLAN,
functions as any other physical LAN, but it
enables computers and other devices to be
grouped together even if they are not
physically attached to the same network
switch.
To enable a VLAN, select a VID (virtual LAN ID) and a group of Ethernet ports through which users can access the VLAN.
Then go back up to the Local Network Editor to attach your new VLAN to a network. To use a VLAN, the VID must be
shared with another router or similar device so that multiple physical networks have access to the one virtual network.
Click Add to create a new VLAN interface.
VLAN Editor
VID: An integer value that is the Virtual LAN ID.
Ethernet Group: Select the LAN port(s) with which you
want to associate the VLAN ID from a dropdown list. Your
Ethernet group must be created separately under Ethernet
Port Configuration.
Click Submit to save your configured VLAN.
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6.8.4 WiFi Settings (Advanced)
When you select the Wireless (WiFi) Networks Settings tab in the Local Network Interfaces section, you have several
additional options for configuring your wireless LANs under the WiFi Settings heading.
WiFi band: Select the range of frequencies the router will
use. The MBR1400 can operate in either the 2.4 GHz or
the 5.0 GHz ranges. (Default: 2.4 GHz. The included
WiFi antennas are 2.4 GHz. 5 GHz antennas are
available as an accessory.)
Channel Selection Method: This controls how a WiFi
channel is selected.
• User Selection. Manually set the channel.
• Random Selection. The router randomly sets the
channel.
• Smart Selection (Default). Scans to determine
the lowest interference WiFi channel.
Channel Selection Schedule: When using the "Smart"
channel selection, this controls whether the router will
periodically rescan for a better channel and change to it.
Select from “Once,” “Daily,” “Weekly,” or “Monthly.” Note
that there may be a momentary WiFi disconnection while
the channel changes.
Optimize WiFi/WiMAX coexistence: (Shows if Smart
Selection or Random Selection is chosen and the WiFi
Band is 2.4 GHz.) Setting this will lessen any possible
conflict with WiFi in the 2.4 GHz band and an attached
WiMAX modem. If a WiMAX modem is attached to the
router when the WiFi is enabled, the WiFi channel and
transmit power will be set to levels that optimize the performance of the WiMAX modem. If no WiMAX modem is attached,
then default channel and power settings will be used even if this is selected.
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Channel: (Shows if User Selection is selected.) The WiFi channel corresponds to a frequency the router uses to
communicate with other devices. For 2.4 GHz, the range is 1 to 11, and 1, 6, and 11 do not overlap each other. If a
WiMAX modem is attached, a higher number channel will increase the chance the router's WiFi and modem's WiMAX
radios will conflict with each other, which may result in lower throughput. Select a channel from the dropdown list:
• 1 (2412 MHz)
• 2 (2417 MHz)
• 3 (2422 MHz)
• 4 (2427 MHz)
• 5 (2432 MHz)
• 6 (2437 MHz)
• 7 (2442 MHz)
• 8 (2447 MHz)
• 9 (2452 MHz)
• 10 (2457 MHz)
• 11 (2462 MHz)
For 5.0 GHz, the ranges are 36 to 64 and 149 to 165. These channels do not interfere with a WiMAX modem. If you
choose to use 5.0 GHz, you should consider switching antennas. The default WiFi antennas are optimized for the
2.4 GHz range.
• 36 (5180 MHz)
• 40 (5200 MHz)
• 44 (5220 MHz)
• 48 (5240 MHz)
• 149 (5745 MHz)
• 153 (5765 MHz)
• 157 (5785 MHz)
• 161 (5805 MHz)
• 165 (5825 MHz)
Client Timeout: If the access point is not able to communicate with the client it will disconnect it after this timeout (in
seconds).
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TX Power: Normally the wireless transmitter operates at 100% power. In some circumstances, however, there might be a
need to isolate specific frequencies to a smaller area. By reducing the power of the radio, you can prevent transmissions
from reaching beyond your corporate/home office or designated wireless area.
RTS Threshold: When an excessive number of wireless packet collisions are occurring, wireless performance can be
improved by using the RTS/CTS (Request to Send/Clear to Send) handshake protocol. The wireless transmitter will begin
to send RTS frames (and wait for CTS) when data frame size in bytes is greater than the RTS Threshold. This setting
should remain at its default value.
Fragmentation Threshold: Wireless frames can be divided into smaller units (fragments) to improve performance in the
presence of RF interference and at the limits of RF coverage. Fragmentation will occur when frame size in bytes is greater
than the Fragmentation Threshold. This setting should remain at its default value. Setting the Fragmentation value too low
may result in poor performance.
DTIM: A DTIM is a countdown informing clients of the next window for listening to broadcast and multicast messages.
When the wireless router has buffered broadcast or multicast messages for associated clients, it sends the next DTIM
with a DTIM Interval value. Wireless clients detect the beacons and awaken to receive the broadcast and multicast
messages. The default value is 1. Valid settings are between 1 and 255.
Beacon: Beacons are packets sent by a wireless router to synchronize wireless devices. Specify a Beacon Period value
between 20 and 1000 milliseconds.
WPS: WiFi Protected Setup is a method for easy and secure establishment of a wireless network. It can be used instead
of passwords when connecting clients that support WPS.
Short Slot: Slot Time is the period wireless clients use in determining if the channel is free for transmission. Enabling this
value allows clients that can utilize a shorter time to do so. Disabling this option forces all clients to use a longer backoff
check and thus may reduce network throughput while reducing the number of transmission collisions.
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Wireless Mode: Select the WiFi clients the router will be compatible with. Greater compatibility is a tradeoff with better
performance. For greatest compatibility with all WiFi devices, select "802.11 a/b/g/n". For best performance, connect with
only other 802.11n-compatible devices and select "802.11 n."
• 802.11 b
• 802.11 b/g
• 802.11 a/b/g/n
• 802.11 b/g/n
• 802.11 n
Channel Width: Selects whether the router uses a single 20 MHz channel to send/receive, or uses two adjacent 20 MHz
channels to create a 40 MHz channel. Higher performance is possible with the 40 MHz channel. Selecting Auto is
generally best. Enabling WiFi as WAN will force 20 MHz only mode.
Extended Channel: When operating in 40 MHz mode the access point will use an extended channel either below or
above the current channel. Optimal selection will depend on the channels of other networks in the area.
MCS: 802.11n uses multiple Modulation Coding Schemes to enable higher throughput in various environments. Since
clients can dynamically change rates depending on environment, selecting Auto is generally best.
Short GI: Short GI is an optimization for shortening the interval between transmissions. May be incompatible with older
clients.
Greenfield Mode: Greenfield mode uses an 802.11n-only preamble to transmit packets that older wireless clients cannot
interpret. Use of greenfield mode in a mixed 802.11 environment may result in degraded performance but can improve
performance if all devices in the area are 802.11n compatible.
RADIUS Timeout: (Default: 3600 seconds) When using an Enterprise security mode clients will be forced to reauthenticate with the RADIUS server at this interval in seconds. This allows administrators to revoke access so when an
attached client’s authentication expires, the client must re-authenticate.
RADIUS Retry: (Default: 60 seconds) When using an Enterprise security mode, if a RADIUS query fails to receive a
response from the server it will delay by this interval (in seconds) before attempting another query. This helps protect the
network from floods of authentication requests if the RADIUS server is temporarily unreachable.
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6.9 WiPipe QoS
When WiPipe QoS (Quality of Service, also known as “Traffic Shaping”) is enabled, the router will control the flow of Internet
traffic according to the user-defined rules. In other words, Traffic Shaping improves performance by allowing the user to
prioritize applications.
Enable WiPipe QoS: Click on this box to open options for controlling Internet traffic. You can assign maximum Upload
Speed and Download Speed values and define your own Traffic Shaping rules.
Upload Speed and Download Speed: Setting the Upload Speed and Download Speed is required to control traffic flow
accurately. Adjust the sliding bar to restrict the maximum upload and/or download speed for the Internet source(s) you are
using. For example, you might restrict the upload speed to prioritize available bandwidth for download or to reduce overall
bandwidth use in order to lower costs. It is recommended that you experiment with different values for your particular Internet
connection for best results.
NOTE: Upload speed is the speed at which data can be transferred to your ISP. Download speed is the speed at which data can be transferred to
you from your ISP. You can test your connection speeds with a service such as speedtest.net.
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6.9.1
Queues
Queues and rules work in conjunction to prioritize bandwidth for the most critical operations. Multiple rules can be
associated with one queue. Use rules to associate your more critical operations with queues that have higher bandwidth
settings. For example, you might have two queues, one for “critical” and one for “secondary” with critical having most of
the bandwidth percentage. Use rules to associate your most important bandwidth needs (POS system, VoIP, etc.) with the
critical queue. Restrict the bandwidth
available for less important functions with the
secondary queue.
Assign percentages of both upload and
download bandwidth to each queue. If you
assign 80% download bandwidth to the first
queue, the next queue will be forced to be
20% or less.
Click Add to create a new Traffic Shaping/QoS queue.
Queue Name: Choose a name that is meaningful to you.
Upload Bandwidth
Enable Upload QoS: (Default: Enabled.) Deselect if you want your rule to apply to download traffic only. Leave this
selected to include upload restrictions with this queue.
Borrow Spare Bandwidth: (Default: Enabled.) When this is enabled, the interfaces/protocols associated with this rule will
borrow unused bandwidth from other rules. Disabling borrowing will restrict the traffic to the specified bandwidth. Higher
priority queues will be offered excess bandwidth first.
Upload Bandwidth: This is the percentage of the connected WAN upload bandwidth that will be reserved for the
specified traffic. The maximum value is adjusted to the remaining percentage after other rules receive their share.
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Upload Priority: The priority value has two different effects
on traffic. Higher priority traffic is handled before lower priority
traffic, which can lead to shorter response times. Also, when
spare bandwidth is available it is offered to higher priority
queues first. Move the slider to select from the following
options (Default: Normal):
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Lowest
Lower
Below Normal
Normal
Above Normal
High
Higher
Highest
Click Next to continue to the next page.
Download Bandwidth
Enable Download QoS: (Default: Enabled.) Deselect if you want your rule to apply to upload traffic only. Leave this
selected to include download restrictions with this queue.
Borrow Spare Bandwidth: (Default: Enabled.) When this is enabled, the interfaces/protocols associated with this rule will
borrow unused bandwidth from other rules. Disabling borrowing will restrict the traffic to the specified bandwidth. Higher
priority queues will be offered excess bandwidth first.
Download Bandwidth: This is the percentage of the connected WAN upload bandwidth that will be reserved for the
specified traffic. The maximum value is adjusted to the remaining percentage after other queues receive their share.
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Download Priority: The priority value has two different effects on traffic. Higher priority traffic is handled before lower
priority traffic, which can lead to shorter response times. Also, when spare bandwidth is available it is offered to higher
priority queues first. Move the slider to select from the following options (Default: Normal):
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Lowest
Lower
Below Normal
Normal
Above Normal
High
Higher
Highest
DSCP (DiffServ) Tag: Differentiated Services Code Point
(DSCP) is the successor to TOS (Type of Service). Use
this field to 'tag' the traffic by putting the value in the DSCP
header of each IP packet that flows through this queue.
Use the value of '0' to clear the existing DSCP value in the
packet header.
DSCP Tagging is sometimes used so that other networking
equipment, upstream or post-NAT, can do traffic shaping
based on the DSCP Tags as opposed to IP addresses or
ports.
This setting is optional. For more information see the Differentiated services Wikipedia page.
Click Finish to save this queue.
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6.9.2 Rules
A traffic shaping rule identifies a specific message flow and assigns that flow to one of the queues created above.
Click Add to create a new Traffic Shaping rule.
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Traffic Shaping / QoS Rule Editor
The first page of the Traffic Shaping / QoS Rule Editor
allows you enable/disable the rule, name the rule, specify a
protocol for the rule, and select a queue to associate the
rule with.
Rule Enabled: (Default: Enabled.) Deselect this to disable
this rule. This can be useful for quickly changing
configurations. If both upload QoS and download QoS are
disabled then the rule will disable automatically.
Rule Name: Create a name for the rule that is meaningful
to you.
Protocol. The protocol used by the messages: TCP/UDP,
TCP, UDP, or ICMP. Select “Any” if your rule does not
control a specific type of message that uses a specific
protocol.
Queue Name: Select a queue to associate this rule with.
Click Next to continue to the next page.
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Use ports and/or IP addresses to define the type(s) of traffic attached to this rule. Leaving any field blank will match all
values; all fields are optional.
Source Port(s) and/or Destination Port(s): Enter a port
number between 1 and 65535. To enter a single port
number, input the number into the left box. To enter a range
of ports, fill in both boxes separated by the colon. For
example "80:90" would represent all ports between 80 and
90 including 80 and 90 themselves.
Source IP Address, Source Netmask, Destination IP
Address, and Destination Netmask: Specify an IP address
or range of IP addresses by combining an IP address with a
netmask for either “source” or “destination” (or both). Source
vs. destination is defined by traffic flow. Leave these blank
to include all IP addresses (such as if your rule is defined by
a particular port instead).
EXAMPLE: If you want to associate this rule with your guest LAN,
you could input the IP address and netmask for the guest LAN
here (leaving the last slot “0” to allow for any user attached to the
guest network):
• Source IP Address: 192.168.10.0
• Source Netmask: 255.255.255.0
DSCP (DiffServ): Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) is the successor to TOS (Type of Service). Use this field to
select traffic based on the DSCP header in each IP packet. This field is sometimes set by latency sensitive equipment
such as VoIP phones.
This setting is optional. For more information see the Differentiated services Wikipedia page.
DSCP Negate: When checked this rule will match on any packet that does not match the DSCP field.
Click Finish to save this rule.
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7 INTERNET
The Internet tab provides access to these submenu items for managing a variety of Internet connection options.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Connection Manager
CP Connect
Client Data Usage
Data Usage
GRE Tunnels
L2TP Tunnels
Network Mobility
(NEMO)
NHRP Interfaces
OpenVPN Tunnels
VPN Tunnels
WiFi as WAN / Bridge
WAN Affinity / Load
Balancing
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7.1 Connection Manager
The router can establish an uplink via the Ethernet WAN port, WiFi as WAN, or modems plugged into a modem port. If the
primary WAN connection fails the router will automatically attempt to bring up a new link on another device. This feature is
called failover. If Load Balance is enabled, multiple WAN devices may be plugged in and each may establish a link.
7.1.1
WAN Interfaces
This is a list of the available interfaces used to
access the Internet. You can enable, stop, or start
devices from this section. By using the priority
arrows (the arrows in the boxes to the left—these
show if you have more than one available
interface), you can set the interface the router
uses by default and the order that it allows failover.
In the example shown, Ethernet is set as the primary Internet source, while a USB modem is attached for failover. The
Ethernet is “Unplugged” while the modem is “Connected.”
Load Balance: If this is enabled, the router will use multiple WAN interfaces to increase the data transfer throughput by
using any connected WAN interface consecutively. Selecting Load Balance will automatically start the WAN interface and
add it to the pool of WAN interfaces to use for data transfer. Turning off Load Balance for an active WAN interface may
require the user to restart any current browsing session.
Enabled: Selected by default. Deselect to disable an interface.
Click on the small box at the top of the list to select/deselect all devices for either Load Balance or Enabled.
Click on a device in the list to reveal additional information about that device and to enable configuration options.
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7.1.2
Device Configuration
Clicking on a device reveals the following information:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
State (Connected, Available, etc.)
Port
UID (Unique identifier. This could be a
name or number/letter combination.)
IP Address
Gateway
Netmask
Stats: bytes in, bytes out
Uptime (in seconds)
Click “Edit” to view configuration options for the selected device. For USB or ExpressCard modems, click “Control” to view
options to activate or update the device.
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7.1.3
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
General Settings
Enabled: Select/deselect to
enable/disable.
Force NAT: Normally NAT is part of the
Routing Mode setting which is selected on
the LAN side in Network Settings → WiFi
/ Local Networks. Select this option to
force NAT whenever this WAN device is
being used.
Priority: This number controls failover and
failback order. The lower the number, the
higher the priority and the more use the
device will get. This number will change
when you move devices around with the
priority arrows in the WAN Interfaces list.
Load Balance: Select to allow this device
to be available for the Load Balance pool.
Download bandwidth: Defines the default
download bandwidth for use in Load
Balance or QoS (quality of service, or
traffic shaping) algorithms. (Range: 128 Kb/s to 1 Gb/s.)
Upload bandwidth: Defines the default upload bandwidth for use in Load Balance and QoS (quality of service, or
traffic shaping) algorithms. (Range: 128 Kb/s to 1 Gb/s.)
MTU: Maximum transmission unit. This is the size of the largest protocol data unit that the device can pass.
(Range: 46 to 1500 Bytes.)
Hostname (This only shows for certain devices.)
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Failure Check (Advanced)
If this is enabled, the router will check that the highest
priority active WAN interface can get to the Internet
even if the WAN connection is not actively being
used. If the interface goes down, the router will switch
to the next highest priority interface available. If this
is not selected, the router will still failover to the next
highest priority interface but only after the user has attempted to get out to the Internet and failed.
Idle Check Interval: The amount of time between each check. (Default: 30 seconds. Range: 10-3600 seconds.)
Monitor while connected: (Default: Off) Select from the following dropdown options:
•
•
•
•
Passive DNS (modem only): The router will take no action until data is detected that is destined for the WAN. When
this data is detected, the data will be sent and the router will check for received data for 2 seconds. If no data is
received the router behaves as described below under Active DNS.
Active DNS (modem only): A DNS request will be sent to the DNS servers. If no data is received, the DNS request
will be retried 4 times at 5-second intervals. (The first 2 requests will be directed at the Primary DNS server and the
second 2 requests will be directed at the Secondary DNS server.) If still no data is received, the device will be
disconnected and failover will occur.
Active Ping: A ping request will be sent to the Ping Target. If no data is received, the ping request will be retried 4
times at 5-second intervals. If still no data is received, the device will be disconnected and failover will occur. When
“Active Ping” is selected, the next line gives an estimate of data usage in this form: “Active Ping could use as much
as 9.3 MB of data per month.” This amount depends on the Idle Check Interval.
Off: Once the link is established the router takes no action to verify that it is still up.
Ping IP Address: If you selected “Active Ping”, you will need to input an IP address. This must be an address that can be
reached through your WAN connection (modem/Ethernet). Some ISPs/Carriers block certain addresses, so choose an
address that all of your WAN connections can use. For best results, select an established public IP address.
For example, you might ping Google Public DNS at 8.8.8.8 or Level 3 Communications at 4.2.2.2.
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Failback Configuration (Advanced)
This is used to configure failback, which is the ability
to go back to a higher priority WAN interface if it
regains connection to its network.
Usage: Fail back based on the amount of data
passed over time. This is a good setting for when
you have a dual-mode EVDO/WiMAX modem and
you are going in and out of WiMAX coverage. If the
router has failed over to EVDO it will wait until you
have low data usage before bringing down the EVDO connection to check if a WiMAX connection can be made.
• High (Rate: 80 KB/s. Time Period: 30 seconds.)
• Normal (Rate: 20 KB/s. Time Period: 90 seconds.)
• Low (Rate: 10 KB/s. Time Period: 240 seconds.)
• Custom (Rate range: 1-100 KB/s. Time Period range: 10-300 seconds.)
Time: Fail back only after a set period of time. (Default: 90 seconds. Range: 10-300 seconds.) This is a good setting if
you have a primary wired WAN connection and only use a modem for failover when your wired connection goes down.
This ensures that the higher priority interface has remained online for a set period of time before it becomes active (in
case the connection is dropping in and out, for example).
Disabled: Deactivate failback mode.
Immediate Mode: Fail back immediately whenever a higher priority interface is plugged in or when there is a priority
change. Immediate failback returns you to the use of your preferred Internet source more quickly which may have
advantages such as reducing the cost of a failover data plan, but it may cause more interruptions in your network than
Usage or Time modes.
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7.1.4 IP Overrides
IP overrides allow you to override IP settings after a device’s IP settings have been configured. Only the fields that are
filled out will be overridden. Override any of the following fields:
•
•
•
•
•
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Gateway IP
Primary DNS Server
Secondary DNS Server
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7.1.5
IPv6 Settings
The IPv6 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPv6) configuration allows you to enable and configure IPv6 for a WAN device.
These settings should be configured in combination with the IPv6 LAN settings (go to Network Settings → WiFi / Local
Networks, select the LAN under Local IP Networks, and click Edit) to achieve the desired result.
This is a dual-stacked implementation of IPv6, so IPv6 and IPv4 are used alongside each other. If you enable IPv6, the
router will not allow connections via IPv4. When IPv6 is enabled, some router features are no longer supported. These
are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
RADIUS/TACACS+ accounting for wireless clients and admin/CLI login
IP Passthrough (not needed with IPv6)
NAT (not needed with IPv6)
Bounce pages
UPnP
Network Mobility
DHCP Relay
VRRP, GRE, GRE over IPSec, OSPF, NHRP
Syslog
SNMP over the WAN (LAN works)
There are two main types of IPv6 WAN connectivity: native (Auto and Static) and tunneling over IPv4 (6to4, 6in4, and
6rd).
•
•
Native – (Auto and Static) The upstream ISP routes IPv6 packets directly.
IPv6 tunneling – (6to4, 6in4, and 6rd) Each IPv6 packet is encapsulated by the router in an IPv4 packet and
routed over an IPv4 route to a tunnel endpoint that decapsulates it and routes the IPv6 packet natively. The reply is
encapsulated by the tunnel endpoint in an IPv4 packet and routed back over an IPv4 route. Some tunnel modes do
not require upstream ISPs to route or even be aware of IPv6 traffic at all. Some modes are utilized by upstream
ISPs to simplify the configuration and rollout of IPv6.
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Enable IPv6 and select the desired IPv6 connection method for this WAN interface.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Disabled (default) – IPv6 disabled on this interface.
Auto – IPv6 will use automatic connection settings (if available).
Static – Input a specific IPv6 address for your WAN connection. This is provided by the ISP if it is supported.
6to4 Tunnel (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/6to4) – Encapsulates the IPv6 data and transfers it to an automatic tunnel
provider (if your ISP supports it).
6in4 Tunnel (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/6in4) – Encapsulates the IPv6 data and sends it to the configured tunnel
provider.
6rd Tunnel (IPv6 rapid deployment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPv6_rapid_deployment) – Encapsulates the IPv6
data and sends it to a relay server provided by your ISP.
When you configure IPv6, you have the option to designate DNS Servers and Delegated Networks. Because of the
dual-stack setup, these settings are optional: when configured for IPv6, the router will fall back to IPv4 settings when
necessary.
DNS Servers
Each WAN device is required to connect IPv4 before connecting IPv6. Because of this, DNS servers are optional, as most
IPv4 DNS servers will respond with AAAA records (128-bit IPv6 DNS records, most commonly used to map hostnames to
the IPv6 address of the host) if requested. If no IPv6 DNS servers are configured, the system will fall back to the DNS
servers provided by the IPv4 configuration.
Delegated Networks
A delegated network is an IPv6 network that is inherently provided by or closely tied to a WAN IP configuration. The IPv6
model is for each device to have end-to-end IP connectivity without relying on any translation mechanism. In order to
achieve this, each client device on the LAN network needs to have a publicly routable IPv6 address.
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Auto
IPv6 auto-configuration mode uses DHCPv6 and/or SLAAC to configure the IPv6 networks. When you select Auto, all of
the following settings are optional (depending on your provider’s requirements):
•
•
•
•
•
PD Request Size – Prefix Delegation request size. This is the size of IPv6 network that will be requested from the
ISP to delegate to LAN networks. (Default: 63)
Primary IPv6 DNS Server – (optional) Depending on your provider, this may be required. This only takes effect if
the default global DNS setting on the Network Settings → DNS page is "Automatic".
Additional IPv6 DNS Server – Secondary DNS server.
Delegated IPv6 Network – (optional) Network available for delegation to LANs. Depending on your provider, this
may be required. Prefixes specified here only take effect if those supplied by the connection are insufficient to
configure your LANs.
Delegated IPv6 Network – Additional network available for delegation to LANs.
Example Configuration:
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Static
As with IPv4, static configuration is available for situations where the WAN IPv6 topology is fixed.
•
•
•
•
•
•
IPv6 Address/CIDR – Input the IPv6 static IP address and mask length provided by your ISP (see
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classless_Inter-Domain_Routing for an explanation of CIDR).
IPv6 Gateway IP – Input the IPv6 remote gateway IP address provided by your ISP.
Primary IPv6 DNS Server – (optional) Depending on your provider/setup, this may be required. This only takes
effect if the default global DNS setting on the Network Settings → DNS page is "Automatic".
Additional IPv6 DNS Server – Secondary DNS server.
Delegated IPv6 Network – (optional) Network available for delegation to LANs. Depending on your provider, this
may be required. Prefixes specified here only take effect if those supplied by the connection are insufficient to
configure your LANs.
Delegated IPv6 Network – Additional network available for delegation to LANs.
Example Configuration:
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6to4 Tunnel
Out of the box, 6to4 is the simplest mode to enable full end-to-end IPv6 connectivity in an organization if the upstream ISP
properly routes packets to and from the 6to4 unicast relay servers.
•
•
•
•
Primary IPv6 DNS Server – (optional) Depending on your provider, this may be required. This only takes effect if
the default global DNS setting on the Network Settings → DNS page is "Automatic".
Additional IPv6 DNS Server – Secondary DNS server.
Delegated IPv6 Network – (optional) Network available for delegation to LANs. Depending on your provider, this
may be required. Prefixes specified here only take effect if those supplied by the connection are insufficient to
configure your LANs.
Delegated IPv6 Network – Additional network available for delegation to LANs.
Example Configuration:
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6in4 Tunnel
The 6in4 tunnel mode utilizes explicit IPv4 tunnel endpoints and encapsulates IPv6 packets using 41 as the specified
protocol type in the IP header. A 6in4 tunnel broker provides a static IPv4 server endpoint, decapsulates packets and
provides routing for both egress and ingress IPv6 packets. Most tunnel brokers provide a facility to request delegated
networks for use through the tunnel.
•
•
•
•
Primary IPv6 DNS Server – (optional) Depending on your provider, this may be required. This only takes effect if
the default global DNS setting on the Network Settings → DNS page is "Automatic".
Additional IPv6 DNS Server – Secondary DNS server.
Delegated IPv6 Network – (optional) Network available for delegation to LANs. Depending on your provider, this
may be required. Prefixes specified here only take effect if those supplied by the connection are insufficient to
configure your LANs.
Delegated IPv6 Network – Additional network available for delegation to LANs.
Example Configuration:
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6rd Tunnel
IPv6 Rapid Deployment (6rd) is a method of IPv6 site configuration derived from 6to4. It is different from 6to4 in that the
ISP provides explicit 6rd infrastructure that handles the IPv4 ↔ IPv6 translation within the ISP network. 6rd is considered
more reliable than 6to4 as the ISP explicitly maintains infrastructure to support tunneled IPv6 traffic over their IPv4
network.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
6rd Prefix – The 6rd prefix and prefix length should be supplied by your ISP.
IPv4 Border Router Address – This address should be supplied by your ISP.
IPv4 Common Prefix Mask – Input the number of common prefix bits that you can mask off of the WAN's IPv4
address.
Primary IPv6 DNS Server – (optional) Depending on your provider, this may be required. This only takes effect if
the default global DNS setting on the Network Settings → DNS page is "Automatic".
Additional IPv6 DNS Server – Secondary DNS server.
Delegated IPv6 Network – (optional) Network available for delegation to LANs. Depending on your provider, this
may be required. Prefixes specified here only take effect if those supplied by the connection are insufficient to
configure your LANs.
Delegated IPv6 Network – Additional network available for delegation to LANs.
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Example Configuration:
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7.1.6
Ethernet Settings
While default settings for each WAN Ethernet port will be sufficient in most circumstances, you have the ability to control:
•
•
Connect Method: DHCP (Automatic), Static (Manual), or PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet).
MAC Address: You have the ability to change the MAC address, but typically this is unnecessary. You can match
this address with your device’s address by clicking: “Clone Your PC’s MAC Address”.
Connect Method
Select the connection type that you need for this
WAN connection. You may need to check with your
ISP or system administrator for this information.
•
•
•
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
is the most common configuration. Your router’s Ethernet ports are automatically configured for DHCP connection.
DHCP automatically assigns dynamic IP addresses to devices in your networks. This is preferable in most
circumstances.
Static allows you to input a specific IP address for your WAN connection; this should be provided by the ISP if
supported.
PPPoE should be configured with the username, password and other settings provided by your ISP.
If you want to use a Static (Manual) or PPPoE connection, you will need to fill out additional information.
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Static (Manual):
• IP Address
• Subnet Mask
• Gateway IP
• Primary DNS Server
• Secondary DNS Server
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PPPoE:
• Username
• Password
• Password Confirm
• Service
• Auth Type: None, PAP, CHAP
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7.1.7 Modem Settings
Not all modems will have all of the options shown below; the available options are specific to the modem type.
On Demand: Typically modem connections are not always on. When this mode is selected a connection to the Internet is
made as needed. When this mode is not selected a connection to the Internet is always maintained.
Aggressive Reset: When Aggressive Reset is enabled
the system will attempt to maintain a good modem
connection. If the Internet has been unreachable for a
period of time, a reset of the modem will occur in attempt
to re-establish the connection.
Network-Initiated Alerts: This field controls whether the
Sprint network can disconnect the modem to apply
updates, such as for PRL, modem firmware, or
configuration events. These activities do not change any
router settings, but the modem connection may be
unavailable for periods of time while these updates occur.
The modem may also require a reset after a modem
firmware update is complete.
•
•
•
Disabled: The request to update will be refused.
When Disconnected: The request to update will only be performed when the modem is either in a disconnected
state or dormant state. If the modem is not in one of these states when the request is received, then the router will
remember the request and perform the update when the modem becomes disconnected/dormant.
On Schedule: The request to update will only be performed at the specified scheduled time, no matter what the
state of the modem is.
Network-Initiated Schedule: When you select “On Schedule” for Network-Initiated Alerts, you also select a time from
this dropdown list. Modem updates will take place at this scheduled time.
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Automatically check for new firmware: (Default: selected) The modem will automatically check for firmware updates by
default.
Modem Connection Mode: Specify how the modem should connect to the network. Not all options are available for all
modems; this will default to Auto if an incompatible mode is selected.
•
•
•
•
•
Auto (all modes): Let the modem decide which network to use.
Auto 3G (3G or less): Let the modem decide which 2G or 3G network to use. Do not attempt to connect to LTE.
Force LTE: Connect to LTE only and do not attempt to connect to 3G or WiMAX.
Force 3G (EVDO, UMTS, HSPA): Connect to 3G network only.
Force 2G (1xRTT, EDGE, GPRS): Connect to 2G network only.
See the following tables for a breakdown of the technologies used with various CradlePoint ARC models when any
Modem Connection Mode is selected.
CDMA Technology
Auto
ARC MBR1400LE
(Sierra Wireless MC7750)
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✔
Auto 3G
Force 4G
Force 3G (module auto selects)
(<= 3G)
LTE
1xEVDOAe
(EHRPD)
✔
✔
✔
1xEVDO-A
1xEVDO-0
(HRPD) (3G) (HRPD) (3G)
✔
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✔
Force 2G
1xRTT
(2.5G)
✔
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GSM Technology
Auto
Auto 3G
Force 4G
Force 3G
(module auto selects)
Force 2G
(module auto selects)
(<= 3G)
LTE
HSPA+
(4G/3.5G)
HSPA
(3G)
EDGE
(2.75G)
GPRS
(2.5G)
ARC MBR1400LP
(Sierra Wireless MC7700)
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
ARC MBR1400LP2
(Sierra Wireless MC7710)
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
AT Config Script: Enter the AT commands to be used for carrier specific modem configuration settings. Each command
must be entered on a separate line. The command and associated response will be logged, so you should check the
system log to make sure there were no errors.
NOTE: AT Config Script should not be used unless told to do so by your modem's cellular provider or by a support technician.
AT Dial Script: This is included for legacy devices only. Most users will not use this option. Go to SIM/APN/Auth
Settings instead if you need to select a specific Access Point Name.
If you do need this option for older devices, enter the AT commands to be used in establishing a network connection.
Each command must be entered on a separate line. All command responses must include “OK” except the final command
response, which must include “CONNECT”.
Example:
AT
ATDT*99***2#
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7.1.8
CDMA Settings
These settings are usually specific to your wireless carrier’s private networks. You should not set these unless directed to
by a carrier representative. If a field below is left blank, that particular setting will not be changed in the modem. You
should only fill in fields that are required by your carrier.
•
•
Persist Settings: If this is not checked, these
settings will only be in place until the router is
rebooted or the modem is unplugged.
Active Profile: Select a number from 0-5 from the
dropdown list.
The following fields can be left blank. If left blank they will
remain unchanged in the modem.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
NAI (Username@realm): Network Access Identifier.
NAI is a standard system of identifying users who
attempt to connect to a network.
AAA Shared Secret (Password): “Authentication,
Authorization, and Accounting” password.
Verify AAA Shared Secret.
HA Shared Secret: “Home Agent” shared secret.
Primary HA.
Secondary HA.
AAA SPI: AAA Security Parameter Index.
HA SPI: HA Security Parameter Index.
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7.1.9
WiMAX Settings
WiMAX Realm: Select from the following dropdown
options:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Clear – clearwire-wmx.net
Rover – rover-wmx.net
Sprint 3G/4G – sprintpcs.com
Xohm –xohm.com
BridgeMAXX – bridgeMAXX.com
Time Warner Cable – mobile.rr.com
Comcast – mob.comcast.net
TTLS Authentication Mode: TTLS inner
authentication protocol. Select from the following
dropdown options:
•
•
•
MSCHAPv2/MD5 (Microsoft Challenge
Handshake Authentication Protocol
version2/Message-Digest Algorithm 5)
PAP (Password Authentication Protocol)
CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol)
TTLS Username: Username for TTLS authentication.
TTLS Password: Password for TTLS authentication.
WiMAX Authentication Identity: User ID on the network. Leave this blank unless your provider tells you otherwise.
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7.1.10 SIM/APN/Auth Settings
SIM PIN: PIN number for a GSM modem with a locked SIM.
Authentication Protocol: Set this only if your service
provider requires a specific protocol and the Auto option
chooses the wrong one. Choose from Auto, PAP, and
CHAP and then input your username and password.
Access Point Configuration: Some wireless carriers
provide multiple Access Point configurations that a modem
can connect to. Some APN examples are ‘isp.cingular” and “vpn.com”.
•
•
•
Default: Let the router choose an APN automatically.
Manual: Enter an APN by hand.
Select: This opens a table with 16 slots for APNs,
each of which can be set as IP, IPV4V6, or IPV6. The
default APN is marked with an asterisk (*). You can
change the APN names, select a different APN, etc.
For Verizon modems, only the third slot is editable.
Changes made here are written to the modem, so a
factory reset of the router will not impact these
settings.
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7.1.11 Update/Activate a Modem
Some 3G modems can be updated and activated while plugged into the router. Updates and activation methods vary by
modem model and service provider. Possible methods are: PRL Update, Activation, and FUMO. All supported methods
will be displayed when you select your modem and click “Control”. If no methods are displayed for your device then you
will need to update and activate your device externally.
To update or activate a modem, select the device and click
“Control”.
The modem does not support Update/Activate methods: A
message will state that there is no support for PRL Update,
Activation, or FUMO.
The modem supports Update/Activate methods: A message
will display showing options for each supported method:
•
•
•
Modem Activation / Update: Activate, Reactivate, or
Upgrade Configuration.
Preferred Roaming List (PRL) Update
Firmware Update Management Object (FUMO)
Click the appropriate icon to start the process.
If the modem is connected when you start an operation the
router will automatically disconnect it. The router may start
another modem as a failover measure. When the operation is
done the modem will go back to an idle state, at which point the
router may restart it depending on failover and failback settings.
NOTE: Only one operation is supported at a time. If you try to start the same
operation on the same modem twice the UI will not report failure and the
request will finish normally when the original request is done. However if you
try to start a different operation or use a different modem, this second request
will fail without interfering with the pending operation.
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Process Timeout: If the process fails an error message will display.
Activation has a 3-minute timeout, PRL update has a 4-minute timeout, and
FUMO has a 10-minute timeout.
7.1.12 Configuration Rules (Advanced)
This section allows you to create general rules
that apply to the Internet connections of a
particular type. These can be general or very
specific. For example, you could create a rule that
applies to all WiMAX modems, or a rule that only
applies to an Internet source with a particular MAC
address.
The Configuration Rules list shows all rules that
you have created, as well as all of the default
rules. These are listed in the order they will be
applied. The most general rules are listed at the
top, and the most specific rules are at the bottom.
The router goes down the list and applies all rules
that fit for attached Internet sources. Configuration
settings farther down the list will override previous
settings.
Select any of these rules and click “Edit” to change the settings for a rule. To create a new rule, click “Add.”
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WAN Configuration Rule
This section allows you to create simple or complex rules
that affect how individual Internet sources or classes of
sources (perhaps all WiMAX modems or all modems from
Sierra Wireless) behave in the router.
After clicking “Add” or “Edit,” you will see a popup with the
following tabs:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Filter Criteria
General Settings
Ethernet Settings
Modem Settings
WiMAX Settings
CDMA Settings
SIM/APN Settings
Filter Criteria. Begin by setting the Filter Criteria if you are
creating a new rule. Create a name for your rule and the
condition for which the rule applies:
Rule Name: Create a name meaningful to you. This name is optional.
Select each of the following to create a condition for your rule. When:
• Port (USB Port 1, 2, 3; ExpressPort 1, 2): Select by the port that you are plugging the modem into.
• Manufacturer: Select by the manufacturer, such as Sierra Wireless.
• Model: Set your rule according to the specific model of modem.
• Type (Ethernet, LTE, Modem, WiMAX, Wireless as WAN, HSPA): Select by type of Internet source.
• Serial Number: Select 3G or LTE modem by Serial Number.
• MAC Address: Select WiMAX modem by MAC Address.
• Unique ID: Select by ID. This is generated by the router and displayed when the device is connected to the
router.
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Condition: Select “is,” “is not,” “starts with,” “contains,” or “ends with” to create your condition’s statement.
Value: If the correct values are available, select from the dropdown list. You may need to manually input the value.
The condition will be of the following form:
“ (When)
is/is not
(value) ”
For example:
“Type is not WiMAX”
“Port is USB Port 1”
Once you have established the condition for your configuration rule, choose from the other tabs to set the desired
configuration. All of the tabs have the same configuration options shown above in the WAN Configuration section (i.e., the
options for Configuration Rules are the same as they are for individual devices).
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7.2 CP Connect
CP Connect is a licensable feature used to create a connection to a private network. CP Connect is currently in beta.
CP Connect tunnels can be used to create a connection to a private network.
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7.3 Client Data Usage
Client Data Usage displays upload and download traffic for each LAN client. Click Enable Client Data Usage Monitoring
Service to begin tracking this information. This data is not retained between router reboots.
For each client this shows: Name, IP address, MAC address, amount of data (MB) and number of packets uploaded,
amount of data and number of packets downloaded, and when traffic was last sent or received for that client (“Last
Traffic”).
The names that are shown are received during a DHCP exchange. If a client disconnects and reconnects with a new IP
address there will be an additional entry in this list.
Pressing Reset Statistics will restart all counters at 0.
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7.4 Data Usage
Data Usage Management & Alerts allows you to create and manage rules that help control the data usage of a modem.
If you have a limited data plan or a price increase on your plan after a certain amount of usage, a Data Usage Rule can
help you track these amounts. You can set a rule to shut down use of a modem and/or send a message when you reach a
data usage amount you set.
Enable Data Usage: (Default: Disabled.)
When you select Enable Data Usage, you will see the
Data Usage Agreement shown to the right. The purpose
of this agreement is to ensure that you understand that the
data numbers for your router might not perfectly match
those of your carrier: CradlePoint cannot be held
responsible. You must accept the agreement by clicking
Yes in order to begin creating data usage rules.
Warning: You should set your data limits lower than your
carrier data allowance and regularly compare the numbers
provided by the router with the numbers from your carrier.
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7.4.1
Data Usage Rules
The Date Usage Rule display shows basic
information for each rule you have created
(including rules created with a template). The
following information is displayed:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Rule Name
Enabled: True/False
Date for Rule Reset
Cycle Type: Daily, Weekly, or Monthly
Cap: Amount in MB.
Current Usage: Shown as an amount
in MB, as a percentage of the cap, and
in a bar graph.
Click Add to configure a new Data Usage Rule.
Data Usage Rule – page 1
Rule Name: Give your rule a name for later recognition.
WAN Selection: Select from the dropdown list of currently
attached WAN devices.
Assigned Usage in MB: Enter a cap amount in megabytes.
1024 megabytes equals 1 gigabyte.
Rule Enabled: (Default: Enabled.) Click to disable.
Use with Load Balancing: When checked, the Load Balancing
feature is allowed to use the thresholds and metrics of this rule
when making balance decisions. This causes Load Balancing to
spread the data usage between interfaces according to the
assigned usage rather than bandwidth. This is a best effort to
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keep all interfaces with these rules at a similar percentage utilization of data (e.g. 10%, 50%, 90%) as the cycle
progresses, rather than quickly using 100% of a fast 1GB capped interface while using only a fraction of a slow 10GB
capped interface, thus leaving the rest of the cycle with only the slow interface. The Data Usage algorithm on the Load
Balancing page must be selected or this checkbox has no effect.
Data Usage Rule – page 2
Cycle Type: How often the rule will reset. The data usage
amount will be reset at the end of each cycle. Select the
length of a cycle from a dropdown menu with the following
choices:
• Daily
• Weekly
• Monthly
Cycle Start Date: Select the
date you wish the rule to begin.
This date will be used to track
when the rule will reset.
Shutdown WAN on Cap: If
selected, the WAN device will shut down when the
assigned usage is reached. A cycle reset or a rule deletion
will re-enable the device.
Send Alert on Cap: An email alert will be generated and sent when the assigned usage is reached.
WARNING: The SMTP mail server must be configured in System Settings → Device Alerts.
Custom Alert: When checked you enable a second email to be configured for a percentage of the assigned usage.
Percent of Usage (1-1000): If selected, a custom alert will be sent when your data usage reaches this percentage of your
usage cap. For example, you could set this at 90 percent so that you know when your usage is nearing 100 percent of the
cap.
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7.4.2
Template Configuration
Templates allow you to control multiple
WAN devices with the same rule. Each WAN
device that matches a template will
automatically have its own rule created.
For example, you can set a template rule for all mobile data modems that causes your router to send an alert after 1000 MB of usage in a month.
When you attach a new 4G USB modem, your template will immediately create a new Data Usage Rule for the attached modem that sends the
alert as specified.
Click Add to configure a new Template rule.
Create a Template Name that you can recognize.
The template will apply to one of the following
WAN types:
• All WAN
• All Ethernet
• All Modems
Select one of these types.
The rest of the rule settings options match those in
the Data Usage Rules. See the section above for
additional information about how to configure your
template usage rules.
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7.5 GRE Tunnels
Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) tunnels can be used to create a connection between two private networks. The
MBR1400 is enabled for either GRE or VPN tunnels. GRE tunnels are simpler to configure and more flexible for different
kinds of packet exchanges, but VPN tunnels are much more secure.
In order to set up a tunnel you must know the following:
• Local Network and Remote Network addresses for the “Glue Network,” the network that is created by the
administrator that serves as the “glue” between the networks of the tunnel. Each address must be a different IP
address from the same private network, and these addresses together form the endpoints of the tunnel.
• Remote Gateway, the public facing WAN IP address that the local gateway is going to connect to.
• Optionally, you might also want to enable the tunnel Keep Alive feature to monitor the status of a tunnel and more
accurately determine if the tunnel is alive or not.
Click Add to configure a new GRE tunnel.
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Page 1: General
Tunnel Name: Give the tunnel a name that uniquely
identifies it.
Tunnel Key: Enables an ID key for a GRE tunnel, which
can be used as an identifier for mGRE (Multipoint GRE).
Local Network: This is the local side of the “Glue
Network,” a network created by the administrator to form
the tunnel. The user creates the IP address inputted here.
It must be different from the IP addresses of the networks it
is gluing together.
Choose any private IP address from the following three
ranges that doesn’t match either network:
• 10.0.0.0 - 10.255.255.255
• 172.16.0.0 - 172.31.255.255
• 192.168.0.0 - 192.168.255.255
Remote Network: This is the remote side of the “Glue
Network.” Again, the user must create an IP address that
is distinct from the IP addresses of the networks that are
being glued together.
The Remote Network and Local Network values will be
flipped when inputted for the other side of the tunnel
configuration.
Subnet Mask: This is the subnet mask for the Glue
Network. The Local and Remote Network addresses must fit with this mask. 255.255.255.0 is a logical choice for most
users.
Remote Gateway: This is the public facing, WAN-side IP address of the network that the local gateway is going to connect
to.
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Tunnel Enabled: Select to activate the tunnel.
Keep Alive: This feature monitors the status of a tunnel. This will more accurately determine if the tunnel is alive or not.
Choose the length of time in seconds of the Rate for each check (Default: 10 seconds. Range: 2 – 3600 seconds) and the
number of Retry attempts (Default: 3. Range: 1 – 255).
Page 2: Routes
Adding routes allows you to configure what types of
network traffic from the local host or hosts will be allowed
through the tunnel.
Click Add Route to configure a new route. You will need
to input the following information, defined by the remote
network:
•
•
Network Address
Netmask: (Default: 255.255.255.0)
You can set the tunnel to connect to a range of IP
addresses or to a single IP address. For example, you
could input 192.168.0.0 and 255.255.255.0 to connect
your tunnel to all the addresses of the remote network in
the 192.168.0.x range. Alternatively, you could select a
single address by inputting that address along with a
Netmask of 255.255.255.255.
Click Save to record each new route.
When you have finished adding routes, click Finish to save your GRE tunnel configuration.
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7.6 L2TP Tunnels
NOTE: L2TP requires a feature license and hardware version 2.0. Go to System Settings → Feature Licenses to enable this feature.
Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) tunnels can be used to create a connection between two private networks.
Once you have a valid feature license, click Add to create a new L2TP tunnel.
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7.6.1
•
•
•
•
•
General
Tunnel Name – Enter a name to uniquely identify this tunnel.
LNS address – Enter the IP Address of the LNS (tunnel server) peer.
MTU – Set the maximum transmission unit (MTU) of the L2TP tunnel.
MRU – Set the maximum receive unit (MRU) to request from the tunnel
peer.
Tunnel Enabled – Click to enable/disable this tunnel. Default: Enabled.
Authentication – More authentication options and overrides are available in the
next section.
•
•
Username – Username for user-specific authorization. Leave blank to
disable.
Password – Shared secret (or password) used to authenticate the
associated Local and Remote names.
Redial
•
Enabled – Reconnect if disconnected.
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7.6.2
•
•
•
Authentication
Remote Name – Authorization name specified by and to the remote system
as its identity, sometimes a username or hostname. Leave blank to match
any.
Local Name – Authorization name specified by and to the remote system as
the local system identity; sometimes a username or hostname. Leave blank
to match any.
Secret – Shared secret (or password) used to authenticate the associated
Local and Remote names.
Overrides – Override Authentication methods/parameters. With methods set to
Allow the two ends of the tunnel can negotiate a common scheme. Some times this
negotiation fails, or the implementation on one end is incompatible with the other.
To solve those authentication issues, enable the overrides as needed.
•
•
•
•
Authentication – Username for user-specific authorization. Leave blank to
disable.
CHAP – Choose from Allowed, Refused, or Required.
PAP – Choose from Allowed, Refused, or Required.
Name – Override names used to authenticate the router. Leave empty to use the default.
7.6.3 Routes
Typically specific routes are unnecessary, but they can be added in this
section if needed. You can add or remove routes to be used to funnel
packets through the tunnel.
•
•
Network Address – This is the network address that is the
destination of the route. This should be set to the network address at
the remote side of the tunnel.
Netmask – This is the corresponding subnet mask of the network
being defined.
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7.7 Network Mobility (NEMO)
NOTE: NEMO requires a feature license and hardware version 2.0. Go to System Settings → Feature Licenses to enable this feature.
Network Mobility (NEMO) is an Internet standards track protocol defined in RFC 5177. The protocol allows session
continuity for every node in a mobile network as the network moves.
This is a licensable feature. Without a valid license,
settings can be configured, but will not be implemented.
See System Settings → Feature Licenses for more
information.
NEMO requires a service provider, e.g. Verizon Wireless
Private Network with DMNR (Dynamic Mobile Network
Routing). Your NEMO service provider will define many
of the settings for your NEMO configuration.
Once you have a NEMO service provider and a valid
feature license, add networks to the Networks Routed
by NEMO section by first clicking Add. In the popup
window, input:
•
•
Network Address
Netmask
The Network Address and Netmask, or subnet mask,
together define a range of IP addresses that comprise
the local network you want associated with the NEMO
settings.
7.7.1
Network Mobility (NEMO) Settings
Home IP Address and Home Netmask – These may be
provided by your NEMO service provider. The IP address
is a placeholder, “dummy” address; any IP address can
be used (1.2.3.4 is common).
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Home Agent IP Address, Home Agent Password, and Home Agent SPI – Your home agent will be defined by your
NEMO service provider.
Renew Registration – The NEMO network regularly re-registers with the home agent (e.g., every 30 seconds). Specify
the number of seconds between each check-in.
MTU – Override the MTU (maximum transmission unit) of the NEMO tunnel. The TCP MSS (maximum segment size) is
automatically derived from the MTU. Leave blank to rely on Path MTU Discovery.
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7.8 NHRP Configuration
NOTE: NHRP Configuration requires a feature license and hardware version 2.0. Go to System Settings → Feature Licenses to enable this
feature.
Next Hop Resolution Protocol is a protocol used to discover addresses of clients on Non-Broadcast Multiple Access
(NBMA) networks. It is used to create next-generation VPN technologies that allow shortcutting between spokes. With
NHRP, systems attached to an NBMA network dynamically learn the NBMA address of the other systems that are part of
that network, allowing these systems to directly communicate without requiring an intermediate hop.
The NHRP Supported Interfaces table displays the following fields for each configured NHRP interface.
•
•
•
•
Name: Name of the GRE tunnel that
NHRP will use.
Protocol Address/Prefix: GRE tunnel
endpoint mapping that NHRP
associates with the NBMA server.
NBMA Address: NBMA server address the protocol address/prefix is associated with.
Flags:
o SD: Shortcut-Destination
o N: Non-Caching
o S: Shortcut
o R: Redirect
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Click Add to create a new NHRP interface.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Enabled: Enable or disable the interface.
Name: Give the interface a unique name that matches
the mGRE (multipoint GRE) tunnel. Select from
configured GRE tunnels or input manually.
Peer Authentication: Embeds the secret plaintext
password to outgoing NHRP packets. Incoming NHRP
packets on this interface are discarded unless this
password is present. Max length: 8 characters.
Holding Time: Specifies the holding time for NHRP
registration requests and resolution replies.
Shortcut-Destination: Reply with authoritative answers
on NHRP resolution requests destined to addresses in
this interface (instead of forwarding the packets).
Non-Caching: Disables caching of peer information
from forwarded NHRP resolution reply packets.
Shortcut: Enable creation of shortcut routes.
Redirect: Enable sending of proprietary enterprise-style NHRP traffic indication packets.
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7.9 OpenVPN Tunnels
NOTE: Using OpenVPN Tunnels requires a feature license and hardware version 2.0. Go to System Settings → Feature Licenses to enable this
feature.
Once you have a valid feature license, click Add to create a new OpenVPN tunnel.
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7.9.1
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
General
Tunnel Enabled – Click to enable/disable this tunnel.
Tunnel Name – Enter a name to uniquely identify this tunnel.
Tunnel Mode – Select which mode this tunnel endpoint is
required to be. Choose from the following:
o Client
o Server
Local Tunnel Address – Enter the IP Address of the LNS
(tunnel server) peer.
Remote Tunnel Address – Enter the IP Address of the LNS
(tunnel server) peer.
Support IPv6 Tunnels – Allow IPv6 traffic to be forwarded
over this tunnel. If you select this option, also input an IPv6
Tunnel Address and Tunnel Prefix Length for IPv6
Tunnel Protocol – Choose UDP or TCP.
Configuration Mode – Simple configuration requires the
least amount of configuration for the tunnel, while advanced
allows for a more detailed setup.
Ping – (Displays if the Configuration Mode is Advanced) If
no packets have been sent in the amount of time entered, a
ping is sent to the remote endpoint.
Ping Restart – (Displays if the Configuration Mode is Advanced) If no pings have been received in the amount
of time entered, OpenVPN restarts the tunnel.
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7.9.2 Remote Hosts
Create a list of remote server connections to connect to.
OpenVPN will try to connect to each host in the list. If a
disconnect occurs from a given server, the next server will be
tried in a round-robin fashion.
•
•
•
Host – IP address of the remote server.
Port – Specify the port if desired.
Protocol – Select UDP or TCP.
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7.9.3 Certificate Settings
Generate or upload certificates for OpenVPN.
If the Configuration Mode is set to Simple, you have the
option to set the TLS-Auth Key.
If the Configuration Mode is set to Advanced, set any of the
following:
•
•
•
•
•
Root Certificate
Client Certificate
Client Key
TLS-Auth Key
DH Parameters
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7.10 VPN Tunnels
VPN (virtual private network) tunnels are
used to establish a secure connection to a
remote network over a public network. For
example, VPN tunnels can be used across
the Internet by an individual to connect to an
office network while traveling or by two office
networks to function as one network. The
two networks set up a secure connection
across the (normally) unsecure Internet by assigning VPN encryption protocols.
The MBR1400 uses IPsec (Internet Protocol security) to authenticate and encrypt packets exchanged across the tunnel.
To set up a VPN tunnel with the MBR1400 on one end, there must be another device (usually a router) that also supports
IPsec on the other end.
IKE (Internet Key Exchange) is the security protocol in IPsec. IKE has two phases, Phase 1 and Phase 2. The MBR1400
has several different security protocol options for each phase, but the default selections will be sufficient for most users.
The VPN tunnel status page allows you to view the state of the VPN tunnels. If a tunnel fails to connect to the remote site,
check the System Logs for more information. You may double click on a cell to directly edit that information.
Click Add to configure a new VPN tunnel.
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7.10.1 Page 1: General
Tunnel Name: Give the tunnel a name that uniquely identifies it.
Anonymous Mode: Select to allow remote connections from
any IP address.
Responder Mode: When enabled, the router will not initiate
negotiation with peers, otherwise start negotiations as soon as
possible.
Local Identity: Specifies the identifier sent to the remote host
during phase 1 negotiation. If left blank it will default to the IP
address of the WAN connection. Currently we only support
identifiers in the form of an IP address, a user-fully qualified
domain name (user@mydomain.com) or just a fully qualified
domain name (www.mydomain.com). If the remote side of the
tunnel is configured to expect an identifier, then both must
match in order for the negotiation to succeed. If NAT-T is being
used, a single word (instead of an address) can be used if a
DynDNS connection is not being used.
Remote Identity: Specifies the identifier we expect to receive
from the remote host during phase 1 negotiation. If no identifier
is defined then no verification of the remote peer's identification
will be done. Currently we only support identifiers in the form of
an IP address, a user-fully qualified domain name
(user@mydomain.com) or just a fully qualified domain name
(www.mydomain.com). If left blank we will default to the IP
address of the WAN connection. If NAT-T is being used, a single
word (instead of an address) can be used if a DynDNS connection is not being used.
Authentication Mode: Select from Pre-Shared Key and Certificate. Pre-Shared Key is used when there is a single key
common to both ends of the VPN. Certificate requires the creation of a set of certificates and a private key that can be
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uploaded to the router. Enable Certificate Support in the Global VPN Settings to upload a single set of certificates for the
router to use.
Pre-shared Key: Create a password or key. The routers on both sides of the tunnel must use this same key.
Mode: Tunnel or Transport. Tunnel Mode is used for protecting traffic between different networks, when traffic must
pass through an intermediate, untrusted network. Transport Mode is used for end-to-end communications (for example,
for communications between a client and a server).
Initiation Mode: “Always On” or “On Demand.” “Always On” is used if you want the tunnel to initiate the tunnel
connection whenever the WAN becomes available. Select On Demand if you want the tunnel to initiate a connection if
and only if there is data traffic bound for the remote side of the tunnel.
Tunnel Enabled: Enabled or Disabled.
MBR1200 Quick Connect: VPN tunnels in the MBR1400 have more choices than they do in the MBR1200, so it is more
complex to configure. Check this box to simplify setup by streamlining your options.
WAN Binding: WAN Binding is an advanced optional parameter used to configure a VPN tunnel to ONLY operate when
the specified WAN device(s) are available and connected. An example use case is a router with both a primary and
backup WAN connection and the VPN tunnel should only be used when the system has failed over to the backup
connection. This use case makes the most sense when the primary and backup connections are mutually exclusive, i.e.,
not connected at the same time.
Select each of the following to create a condition for your WAN Binding setup. When:
• Port (USB Port 1, 2, 3; ExpressPort 1, 2): Select by the port that you are plugging the modem into.
• Manufacturer: Select by the manufacturer, such as Sierra Wireless.
• Model: Set your rule according to the specific model of modem.
• Type (Ethernet, LTE, Modem, WiMAX, Wireless as WAN, HSPA): Select by type of Internet source.
• Serial Number: Select 3G or LTE modem by Serial Number.
• MAC Address: Select WiMAX modem by MAC Address.
• Unique ID: Select by ID. This is generated by the router and displayed when the device is connected to the router.
Condition: Select “is,” “is not,” “starts with,” “contains,” or “ends with” to create your condition’s statement.
Value: If the correct values are available, select from the dropdown list. You may need to manually input the value.
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The condition will be of the following form:
“ (When)
is/is not
(value) ”
For example:
“Type is not WiMAX”
“Port is USB Port 1”
If you intend to have multiple WAN devices connected simultaneously, with either Load Balancing or more likely WAN
Affinity, then you may consider using the Invert WAN Binding option which will invert the expression to only establish the
VPN tunnel when the specified WAN Binding devices are NOT connected.
Invert WAN Binding: Advanced option that inverts the meaning of WAN Binding to only establish this tunnel when the
specified WAN Binding device(s) are NOT connected. This is typically useful when the VPN tunnel is being used as a hotspare on a router with multiple active WAN connections and the VPN tunnel is only needed in the absence or
unavailability of a particular WAN device (for example, an MPLS-based WAN device).
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7.10.2 Page 2-3: Local and Remote
Networks
Local Network: The Network Address and
the Netmask define what local devices
have access to or can be accessed from the
VPN tunnel. The MBR1400 will
automatically fill in the values for your
network, but you can change the values to
limit the tunnel to only some of the devices
in your network.
NOTE: The local network IP address must be
different from the remote network IP address.
Remote Network: Enter the remote
Gateway's IP address or fully qualified
domain name (my.domain.com). It is
recommended you use a dynamic DNS host
name instead of the static IP address. By using the dynamic DNS host name updates of the remote WAN IP are
compensated for while connecting to a VPN tunnel.
Enter the Network IP address with the Subnet Mask to define the remote network subnet that the local devices will have
access to.
NOTE: The remote network IP address must be different from the local network IP address.
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7.10.3 Page 3: IKE Phase 1
IKE security has two phases, Phase 1 and Phase 2. You have
the ability to distinctly configure each phase, but the default
settings will be sufficient for most users.
To set up a tunnel with a remote site, you need to match your
tunnel's IKE negotiation parameters with the remote site. By
selecting several encryption, hash, and DH group options, you
improve your chances for a successful tunnel negotiation. For
greatest compatibility, select all options; for greatest security,
select only the most secure options that your devices support.
Exchange Mode: The IKE protocol has 2 modes of negotiating
phase 1 - Main (also called Identity Protection) and Aggressive.
• In Main mode, IKE separates the key information from the
identities, allowing for the identities of peers to be secure
at the expense of extra packet exchanges.
• In Aggressive mode, IKE tries to combine as much
information into fewer packets while maintaining security.
Aggressive mode is slightly faster but less secure.
Because it has better security, Main mode is recommended for
most users.
Key Lifetime: The lifetime of the generated keys of Phase 1 of
the IPsec negotiation from IKE. After the time has expired, IKE will renegotiate a new set of Phase 1 keys.
Encryption, Hash, and DH Groups: Each IKE exchange uses one encryption algorithm, one hash function, and one DH
group to make a secure exchange.
• Encryption: Used to encrypt messages sent and received by IPsec.
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•
•
o AES 128
o AES 256
o blowfish
o Cast128
o DES
o 3DES
Hash: Used to compare, authenticate, and validate that data across the VPN arrives in its intended form and to
derive keys used by IPsec.
o MD5
o SHA1
o SHA2 256
o SHA2 384
o SHA2 512
DH Groups: The DH (Diffie-Hellman) Group is a property of IKE and is used to determine the length of prime
numbers associated with key generation. The strength of the key generated is partially determined by the strength
of the DH Group. Group 5, for instance, has greater strength than Group 2.
o DH group 1: 768-bit key.
o DH group 2: 1024-bit key.
o DH group 5: 1536-bit key.
In Phase 1, only one DH group can be selected while using Aggressive exchange mode.
By default, all the algorithms (encryption, hash, and DH groups) supported by the MBR1400 are checked, which means
they are allowed for any given exchange. Deselect these options to limit which algorithms will be accepted. Be sure to
check that the router (or similar device) at the other end of the tunnel has matching algorithms.
The algorithms are listed in order by priority. You can reorder this priority list by clicking and dragging algorithms up or
down. Any selected algorithm may be used for IKE exchange, but the algorithms on the top of the list are more likely to be
used more often.
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7.10.4 Page 4: IKE Phase 2
Perfect Forward Secrecy (PFS): Enabling this feature will
require IKE to generate a new set of keys in Phase 2 rather than
using the same key generated in Phase 1.
Additionally, the new keys generated in Phase 2 (with this option
enabled) are exchanged in an encrypted session. Enabling this
feature affords the policy greater security.
Key Lifetime: The lifetime of the generated keys of Phase 2 of
the IPsec negotiation from IKE. After the time has expired, IKE
will renegotiate a new set of Phase 2 keys.
Phase 2 has the same selection of Encryption, Hash, and DH
Groups as Phase 1, but you are restricted to only one DH
Group. Phase 2 and Phase 1 selections do not have to match.
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7.10.5 Page 5: Dead Peer Detection
Dead Peer Detection (DPD) defines how the router will detect
when one end of the IPsec session loses connection while a
policy is in use.
Connection Idle Time allows you to configure how long the
router will allow an IPsec session to be idle before beginning to
send Dead Peer Detection (DPD) packets to the peer machine.
Request Frequency allows you to adjust the delay between
these DPD packets to send as quickly as every 2 seconds up to
30 seconds apart.
Additionally, you can specify how many Maximum Requests to
send at the selected time interval before the tunnel is considered
dead.
You must click Finish to save your VPN tunnel.
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7.10.6 Page 6: Tunnel Summary
The final page of the tunnel configuration interface is a summary of the tunnel specifications. This is especially helpful for
matching this information with the router (or similar device) at the other end of the tunnel.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Tunnel Name
Mode
Initiation Mode
Pre-shared Key
Local Network
Remote Gateway
Remote Network
IKE Phase 1:
o Exchange Mode
o Key Lifetime (Secs)
o Encryption
o Hash
o DH Groups
IKE Phase 2:
o PFS
o Key Lifetime (Secs)
o Encryption
o Hash
o DH Groups
DPD
Click Yes at the bottom of the Tunnel Summary page to save
your configuration changes. This will cause active tunnels to
restart.
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7.10.7 Global VPN Settings
These settings apply to all configured VPN tunnels.
Enable Certificate Support: Enabling Certificate Support will allow you to load a certificate for VPN to the router. Click the
“Upload Certificate” button that appears to browse for a certificate on a local device. Disabling certificate support will no
longer use any previously loaded certificate but will not delete it from the router. Only one certificate at a time is supported.
IKE / ISAKMP Port: Internet Key Exchange / Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol port. Default:
500. This is a standard VPN port that usually does not need to be changed.
IKE / ISAKMP NAT-T Port: Internet Key Exchange / Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol network
address translation traversal port. Default: 4500. This is a standard VPN NAT-T port that usually does not need to be
changed.
NAT-T KeepAlive Interval: Default: 20 seconds. Range: 0-3600 seconds. 20 seconds will be sufficient in almost all
cases.
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Tunnel Connect Retry: Default: 30 seconds. Range: 10-255 seconds. 30 seconds will be sufficient in almost all cases.
7.10.8 VPN with NAT-T
If one side of a planned VPN tunnel is behind a NAT (network address translation) firewall, the setup of your tunnel requires
the following specifications:
1. Each side of the tunnel must use both a Local Identity and a Remote Identity. These must match the identities on
the other side: The Local Identity must match the Remote Identity on the other side of the tunnel, and vice versa. In
this case, these identities can each be a simple word.
2. The Tunnel Name for the side of the tunnel that is not behind the NAT firewall must be “anonymous”.
3. The VPN tunnel must be initiated from the side that is behind the NAT firewall.
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7.11 WiFi as WAN / Bridge
WiFi as WAN uses an outside WiFi network as its Internet source and then rebroadcasts its own local network. For
example, the MBR1400 can create a private LAN using the public WiFi from a hotel as its WAN. WiFi Bridge functions
similarly, but it rebroadcasts the original network – the router passes on the same settings and addresses already set up
by the original NAT. The WiFi as WAN and WiFi Bridge features cannot both be used at the same time.
When either WiFi as WAN or WiFi Bridge is enabled, the MBR1400 will find other WiFi networks that you can select and
connect to. Unless a selected WiFi source is on an unprotected network, you will need to know its password or key.
All CradlePoint routers and some other routers use the same default IP address for the primary network, 192.168.0.1. If
you attempt to set up WiFi as WAN and there is an “IP conflict,” you need to change the IP address. The router is
attempting to use the same IP address for both WAN and LAN, which is impossible. Go to Network Settings → WiFi /
Local Networks. Select the network and click Edit. You can change the IP address under IP Settings. For example, you
might change 192.168.0.1 to 192.168.1.1.
NOTE: Connecting to a corporate network with enterprise authentication requires a feature license and hardware version 2.0. Go to System
Settings → Feature Licenses to enable this feature.
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7.11.1 WiFi Bridge
When in WiFi Bridge mode with a configured profile, a WiFi Bridge device will be added to the local network interfaces,
providing a way to bridge two LANs over a WiFi connection. For example, two separate CradlePoint routers linked through
WiFi Bridge mode allows you to have one WiFi-connected network in two separated sections of a large office building.
This eliminates the need for extensive Ethernet cords to link the two routers, while allowing the full functionality of having
one network.
A router that is using Bridge mode passes network information through from the partner access point, so typically DHCP
and NAT should be disabled. The router will connect to the remote WiFi access point and enable the bridging of two LAN
networks together over WiFi.
Under Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks, choose the Local IP Network you want to attach this LAN interface
to. Edit that Network, and under the "Interfaces" tab you will be able to see your WiFi Bridge profiles as "Available"
interfaces.
NOTE: The LAN IP address of this router and the attached WiFi access point cannot be the same address.
To set up WiFi Bridge, follow these steps:
1) In Internet → WiFi as WAN / Bridge under WiFi Client Mode, click on “WiFi Bridge” to enable this mode.
2) Your bridge network must be enabled under Saved Profiles. Either import the desired network from Site Survey
or click Add to configure it.
3) Once WiFi Bridge is enabled and a bridge network is configured in Saved Profiles, go to Network Settings →
WiFi / Local Networks and select a network from the Local IP Networks list. Click on Edit to open the Local
Network Editor and find the Interfaces tab. Your configured bridge network should be listed in the “Available”
section. Add this interface to your chosen network.
4) You need to turn off the DHCP Server. If you click Submit after attaching the WiFi bridge interface, a window will
pop up asking you if you want to turn off the DHCP Server. You can also do this manually: click on the DHCP
Server tab while still under Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks in the Local Network Editor. Deselect
“DCHP Server” to disable it.
5) Optional: Also under Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks in the Local Network Editor, click on the IP
Settings tab. Change the Routing Mode to “Disabled.” Changing the routing mode may improve security. You
may also need to change the IP address to prevent IP conflict. Click Submit to save your configuration.
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7.11.2 Saved Profiles
This is a list of WiFi networks that have
already been configured as WAN sources
(or Bridge profiles). The router will attempt to
connect to any of these access points using
the password you have configured. If more
than one access point is in range, then the
router will connect with the highest priority
network.
Network: The name (SSID, or Service Set Identifier) that is broadcast by the access point.
BSSID: The numeric ID of the network (Basic Service Set Identifier). This parameter is required when trying to connect to
a hidden network using WiFi as WAN. It is optional when connecting to a visible network. If it is set in a profile, both the
SSID and BSSID must match to connect to an access point. If the BSSID is not set in a profile, then the router will connect
to any access point that matches the given SSID.
Auth Mode: The type of encryption that is used by the network.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
None
WEP Auto
WEP Open
WEP Shared
WPA1 Personal
WPA2 Personal
WPA1 & WPA2 Personal
7.11.3 Site Survey
This is a list of WiFi networks that the router can currently find, along with information about the network such as its mode
and channel. If you click on a network in the Site Survey, you can import it as a saved profile. You can sort the list based
on any of the fields by clicking on the field name.
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Click “Refresh” if a WiFi network to which you
want to connect is invisible. Site Survey only
operates on the band—2.4 GHz or 5.0 GHz—that
is currently configured in the WiFi advanced
settings. In order to connect to networks in a
different band, first switch the WiFi settings to
that band (Network Settings → WiFi / Local
Networks in Advanced Mode).
You have the option to manually add network
profiles, but it is usually much easier to import
them from Site Survey. Either click on Add
under “Saved Profiles” or select a WiFi network in “Site Survey” and click Import.
If you import a network from Site Survey, most of the information about the network will already be completed. You need
to input the password (if there is one) and then click submit to save the WiFi as WAN profile.
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7.11.4 Wireless Scan Settings
Scan Interval: How often WiFi as WAN scans the environment for updates. (Default: 60 seconds. Range: 5-3600
seconds.)
Scan While Connected: Continue to scan for WiFi as WAN profile updates when connected. Each time a scan occurs
the wireless communication of the router will be temporarily interrupted. Normally this should be disabled.
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7.12 WAN Affinity and Load Balancing
Load Balance
Select the Load Balance
Algorithm from the following
dropdown options:
•
•
•
•
Round-Robin: Evenly
distribute each session
to the available WAN connections.
Rate: Distribute load based on the current upload and download rates. A WAN device's upload and download
bandwidth values can be set in Internet → Connection Manager.
Spillover: This was the default algorithm in older (version 3) firmware. Load is always given to devices with the
most available bandwidth. The estimated bandwidth rate is based on a combination of the upload and download
configuration values and the observed capabilities of the device.
Data Usage: This mode works in concert with the Data Usage feature (Internet → Data Usage). The router will
make a best effort to keep data usage between interfaces at a similar percentage of the assigned data cap in the
Data Usage rule for each interface, rather than distributing sessions based solely on bandwidth. For proper function
you need to create data usage rules for each WAN device you will be load balancing. Make certain to select the
"Use with Load Balancing" checkbox in the Data Usage rule editor.
WAN Affinity
WAN Affinity rules allow you to manage traffic in your network so that particular bandwidth uses are associated with
particular WAN sources. This allows you to prioritize bandwidth.
EXAMPLE: You could specify that your guest LAN is only associated with your Ethernet connection with no failover. Then if your
Ethernet connection goes down and the embedded modem connects for failover for your primary LAN, your guest LAN will not take
bandwidth from your primary LAN, saving you money.
Click “Add” to open the WAN Affinity Policy Editor and create a new WAN Affinity rule.
Name: Give a name for your rule that is meaningful to you.
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DSCP (DiffServ): Differentiated Services Code Point is the successor to TOS (Type of Service). Use this field to select
traffic based on the DSCP header in each IP packet. This field is sometimes set by latency sensitive equipment such as
VoIP phones. If you know specific DSCP values, you can input one here.
DSCP Negate: When checked this rule will match on any packet that does NOT match the DSCP field.
Protocol: Select from the dropdown list to specify the protocol for a particular data use. Otherwise, leave “Any” selected.
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Any
ICMP
TCP
UDP
GRE
ESP
SCTP
Source IP Address, Source Netmask,
Destination IP Address, and Destination
Netmask: Specify an IP address or range of IP
addresses by combining an IP address with a
netmask for either “source” or “destination” (or
both). Source vs. destination is defined by traffic
flow. Leave these blank to include all IP
addresses (such as if your rule is defined by a
particular port instead).
EXAMPLE: If you want to associate this rule with your
guest LAN, you could input the IP address and
netmask for the guest LAN here (leaving the last slot
“0” to allow for any user attached to the guest
network):
• Source IP Address: 192.168.10.0
• Source Netmask: 255.255.255.0
Failover: (Default: Selected.) When this is
selected and traffic from the chosen WAN device for this rule is interrupted, the router will fail over to another available
WAN device. Deselect this option to restrict this traffic to only the selected WAN interface.
WAN Binding Type: You have several options for specifying the type of WAN interface(s) you want associated with your
rule. Designate the interface(s) by Port, Manufacturer, Model, Type, Serial Number, MAC Address, or Unique ID. This
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selection will create a dropdown list of options to complete a sentence with the following form: “When ____ is ____,” such
as, “When Type is LTE.” You also have the option to replace “is” with “isn’t,” “starts with,” “ends with,” or “contains.”
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Port: Select from the dropdown list of possible WAN ports on the router.
o WAN Ethernet
o LAN Ethernet
o Undefined
Manufacturer: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
Model: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
Type: Select from the dropdown list of possible WAN types.
o WiMAX
o Modem
o LTE
o Ethernet
o Wireless As WAN
Serial Number: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
MAC Address: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
Unique ID: Select from a dropdown list of attached devices.
Load Balance Algorithm: Select the Load Balance Algorithm for this WAN Affinity rule from the following dropdown
options:
•
•
•
•
Round-Robin: Evenly distribute each session to the available WAN connections.
Rate: Distribute load based on the current upload and download rates. A WAN device's upload and download
bandwidth values can be set in Internet → Connection Manager.
Spillover: This was the default algorithm in older (version 3) firmware. Load is always given to devices with the
most available bandwidth. The estimated bandwidth rate is based on a combination of the upload and download
configuration values and the observed capabilities of the device.
Data Usage: This mode works in concert with the Data Usage feature (Internet → Data Usage). The router will
make a best effort to keep data usage between interfaces at a similar percentage of the assigned data cap in the
Data Usage rule for each interface, rather than distributing sessions based solely on bandwidth. For proper function
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you need to create data usage rules for each WAN device you will be load balancing. Make certain to select the
"Use with Load Balancing" checkbox in the Data Usage rule editor.
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8 SYSTEM SETTINGS
The System Settings tab has the following submenu items that provide access to tools for broad administrative control of
the MBR1400:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Administration
Device Alerts
Enterprise Cloud Manager
Feature Licenses
Hotspot Services
Serial Redirector
SNMP Configuration
System Control
System Software
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8.1 Administration
Select the Administration submenu item in order to control any of the following functions:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
8.1.1
Router Security
System Clock
Local Management
Remote Management
GPS
SMS
System Logging
Router Services
Router Security
Advanced Security Mode: When the router
is configured to use the advanced security
mode, several aspects of the router’s
configuration and networking functionality will
be extended to support high security
environments. This includes support for
multiple user accounts, increased password
security, and additional network spoofing
filters. If you plan to use your router in a PCI
DSS compliant environment this option is
mandatory.
Admin Password: Enter a password for the
administrator who will have full access to the router's management interface. You can use the default password on the back
of your product, or you can create a custom Administrator Password.
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Advanced Security Mode
When you enable Advanced Security Mode, you have three different options for the Authentication Mode:
•
•
•
Local Users
TACACS+
RADIUS
Local Users
Create users with administrative privileges by inputting usernames and
passwords in the Advanced User Management table. The default
username is “admin,” but you can edit this name, or delete it once you
create other users (you can’t delete the user you are currently signed in
as).
In TACACS+ and RADIUS modes, if the servers cannot be reached, either because the WAN is down or a response is not
received within the selected Server Timeout, the
router will automatically fall back to using Local Users
mode to prevent any potential of being locked out.
TACACS+
TACACS+ stands for “Terminal Access Controller
Access-Control System plus”. The router will use a
TACACS+ server (or two, optionally) to authorize
administration.
Server Timeout: If the servers are not reached within
the set time (possibly because the WAN is down), the
router will automatically fall back to using Local
Users mode to prevent users from being locked out.
Authentication Service: Choose from:
•
ASCII / Login
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•
•
PAP
CHAP
Server Address: This can be either an IP address in the form of "1.2.3.4", or a DNS name in form of "host.domain.com".
Only lower case letters are allowed for a DNS name.
Port: Port 49 is default for TACACS+.
Shared Secret
RADIUS
RADIUS stands for “Remote Authentication Dial In
User Service”. The router will use a RADIUS server
(or two, optionally) to authorize administration.
Server Timeout: If the servers are not reached
within the set time (possibly because the WAN is
down), the router will automatically fall back to using
Local Users mode to prevent users from being
locked out.
Server Address: This can be either an IP address in
the form of "1.2.3.4", or a DNS name in form of
"host.domain.com". Only lower case letters are
allowed for a DNS name.
Port: Port 1812 is common for RADIUS servers.
Shared Secret
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8.1.2
System Clock
Enabling NTP will tell the router to get its
system time from a remote server on the
Internet. If you do not enable NTP then the
router time will be based on when the router
firmware was built, which is guaranteed to be
wrong. Whenever the Internet connection is reestablished and once a week thereafter the
router will ask the server for the current time so
it can correct itself.
You then have the option of selecting an NTP
server and adjusting the NTP server port. Select the NTP server from the dropdown list. Any of the given NTP servers will
be sufficient unless, for example, you need to synchronize your router’s time with other devices in a network.
Time Zone: Select from a dropdown list. Setting your Time Zone is required to properly show time in your router log.
Daylight Savings Time: Select this checkbox if your location observes daylight savings time.
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8.1.3
Local Management
Enable Internet Bounce Pages: Bounce pages
show up in your web browser when the router is
not connected to the Internet. They inform you
that you are not connected and try to explain
why. If you disable bounce pages then you will
just get the usual browser timeout. In the normal
case when the router is connected to the Internet
you don't see them at all.
Disable Signal Strength Button: This disables
the Signal Strength button on the physical router.
Local Domain: The local domain is used as the
suffix for DNS entries of local hosts. This is tied
to the hostnames of DHCP clients as
DHCP_HOSTNAME.LOCAL_DOMAIN.
System Identifier: This is a customizable identity that will be used in router reporting and alerting. The default value is the
MAC address of the router.
Require HTTPS Connection: Check this box if you want to encrypt all router administration communication.
Secure HTTPS Port: Enter the port number you want to use. The default is 443.
Enable SSH Server: When the router's SSH server is enabled you may access the router's command line interface (CLI)
using the standards-based SSH protocol. Use the username "admin" and the standard system password to log in.
SSH Server Port: Default: 22.
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8.1.4
Remote Management
Allows a user to enable incoming WAN pings
or to change settings for the router from the
Internet using the router's Internet address.
Allow WAN pings: When enabled the
functionality allows an external WAN client to
ping the router.
Allow Remote Web Administration: When
remote administration is enabled it allows
access to these administration web pages
from the Internet. With it disabled, you must
be a client on the local network to access the
administration website. For security, remote
access is usually done via a non-standard
http port. Additionally, encrypted connections
can be required for an added level of security.
•
•
•
Require HTTPS Connection: Requiring a secure (https) connection is recommended.
HTTP Port: Default: 8080. This option is disabled if you select “Require Secure Connection”.
Secure HTTPS Port: Default: 8443.
NOTE: You can restrict remote access to only specified IP addresses in Network Settings → Firewall under Remote Administration Access
Control.
Allow Remote SSH Access: This will enable SSH access to the router from the Internet. It is only available when the
SSH access is enabled in the Local Management tab.
Some Carriers block the remote SSH Access ports. If a ping to the router's WAN port does not work, it is unlikely that
remote SSH Access will work.
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8.1.5 GPS
If you have an attached device with GPS support (SIM-based models with GPS support require the SIM be inserted), you
can enable a graphical view of your router’s
location which will appear in Status →
GPS.
Users can configure GPS NMEA GGA
format sentence reporting, available through
a router-based server and/or a remote
server.
NOTE: Some carriers disable GPS support in
otherwise supported modems. If you encounter
issues with obtaining a fix, contact your carrier and
ensure that GPS is supported.
•
•
•
•
Enable GPS support: Enables support for querying GPS information from supported modems.
Enable GPS server on WAN: Enables a TCP server on the WAN side of the firewall, which will periodically send
GPS NMEA sentences to connected clients.
Enable GPS server on LAN: Enables a TCP server on the LAN side of the firewall, which will periodically send
GPS NMEA sentences to connected clients.
o GPS server port number
Enable GPS reporting to remote server: Enables periodic reporting of GPS NMEA sentences to a remote server.
The router will buffer NMEA data if errors are encountered or if the Internet connection goes down and send the
buffered sentences when the connection is restored.
o Remote server hostname or IP
o Remote server port
o Report only over specific time interval: Restricts the NMEA sentence reporting to a remote server to a
specific time interval.
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The following GPS spec is copied from http://aprs.gids.nl/nmea/
8.1.6
$GPGGA – Global Positioning System Fix Data
Name
Example Data
Description
Sentence Identifier
$GPGGA
Global Positioning System Fix Data
Time
170834
17:08:34 Z
Latitude
4124.8963, N
41d 24.8963' N or 41d 24' 54" N
Longitude
08151.6838, W 81d 51.6838' W or 81d 51' 41" W
Fix Quality:
- 0 = Invalid
- 1 = GPS fix
- 2 = DGPS fix
1
Data is from a GPS fix
Number of Satellites
05
5 Satellites are in view
Horizontal Dilution of Precision (HDOP) 1.5
Relative accuracy of horizontal position
Altitude
280.2 meters above mean sea level
280.2, M
Height of geoid above WGS84 ellipsoid -34.0, M
-34.0 meters
Time since last DGPS update
blank
No last update
DGPS reference station id
blank
No station id
Checksum
*75
Used by program to check for transmission errors
Courtesy of Brian McClure, N8PQI.
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Global Positioning System Fix Data. Time, position, and fix related data for a GPS receiver.
eg2. $--GGA,hhmmss.ss,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,a,x,xx,x.x,x.x,M,x.x,M,x.x,xxxx
hhmmss.ss = UTC of position
llll.ll = latitude of position
a = N or S
yyyyy.yy = Longitude of position
a = E or W
x = GPS Quality indicator (0=no fix, 1=GPS fix, 2=Dif. GPS fix)
xx = number of satellites in use
x.x = horizontal dilution of precision
x.x = Antenna altitude above mean-sea-level
M = units of antenna altitude, meters
x.x = Geoidal separation
M = units of geoidal separation, meters
x.x = Age of Differential GPS data (seconds)
xxxx = Differential reference station ID
eg3. $GPGGA,hhmmss.ss,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,a,x,xx,x.x,x.x,M,x.x,M,x.x,xxxx*hh
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
= UTC of Position
= Latitude
= N or S
= Longitude
= E or W
= GPS quality indicator (0=invalid; 1=GPS fix; 2=Diff. GPS fix)
= Number of satellites in use [not those in view]
= Horizontal dilution of position
= Antenna altitude above/below mean sea level (geoid)
= Meters (Antenna height unit)
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11
12
13
14
15
= Geoidal separation (Diff. between WGS-84 earth ellipsoid and mean sea level. -=geoid is below WGS-84 ellipsoid)
= Meters (Units of geoidal separation)
= Age in seconds since last update from diff. reference station
= Diff. reference station ID#
= Checksum
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8.1.7
SMS
SMS (Short Message Service, or text messaging) requires a cellular modem with an active data plan. SMS is not
designed to be a full remote management feature: SMS allows you to connect to the router for a few simple queries or
commands with a text messaging service (e.g., from your phone). A modem that does not have an active data connection
may still be reachable by SMS because Internet traffic and SMS traffic operate on separate channels, so SMS can be
used to bring on offline router back online.
SMS is enabled on the router by default. However, it only works if SMS is supported and enabled on the modem. Most
modems have SMS enabled by default, but the carrier may charge a fee for each text message sent or received. Contact
your carrier to review these fees and/or to enable an SMS plan.
Important notes about SMS:
•
•
•
•
Messages are limited to 160 characters.
SMS is not a guaranteed delivery protocol. The carriers do not guarantee that the SMS message will be delivered
to the modem or that the modem’s response will be delivered to the sender. This means an administrator might
have to send messages multiple times before the desired action is performed.
SMS is a slow protocol. It can take seconds or up to a few minutes for messages to be delivered.
SMS messages are not encrypted; they are sent in full readable text over the network.
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Enable SMS support
SMS support is enabled by default on the router.
Deselect this to disable.
Password
By default, the password is the last 8 characters of
the router’s MAC address (i.e., the Default Password
on the product label). You can change this password
to anything between 1 and 16 characters. It should be
long enough to be useful for security but short
enough to easily type into your phone (or other
texting client).
White List
This list is blank by default, which means that the router will accept SMS messages from any phone number. Leaving this
blank is unsecure, so CradlePoint recommends that you add phone numbers to this list. Once any numbers are listed,
only those numbers have the ability to connect to the router via SMS.
NOTE: You cannot add email addresses to the White list. When a phone number is added to the White List, email SMS messages will be rejected.
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How to Send an SMS Message
You can send SMS messages to the router via phone or email. The key elements are:
1. the modem’s MDN
2. the SMS password (defined above)
3. the command
You must know the MDN (Mobile Directory Number) of the modem to send SMS messages to the router. This is a phone
number that can be found under Status → Internet Connections in the router administration pages (or under Devices →
Network Interfaces in Enterprise Cloud Manager).
How to Text from a Phone
1.
2.
3.
4.
Open the text messaging tool on your phone and start a new message.
In the To field, enter the modem’s MDN.
In the Subject field, enter the SMS password and command.
Click Send.
How to Text from an Email
NOTE: There are limitations with sending texts via email. The SMS engine is currently only compatible with GSM-based carrier operators.
1. Start a new email message.
2. In the To field, enter the modem’s MDN plus the modem’s carrier domain name (e.g., 2085555555@txt.att.net).
3. Enter the password and command in either the Subject field or Body of the email message. If you use the subject
field, leave the body blank, and if you use the body, leave the subject blank.
NOTE: The subject field may be limited to a certain number of characters, so if you get an error when sending the command on the subject line,
switch to using the body instead.)
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SMS Commands
Below is a list of supported SMS messages and the syntax format.
Due to security concerns, the set of commands are intentionally limited to those that can configure a modem’s connection,
but cannot lock the administrator out due to malicious modem changes. Therefore, if an unsolicited request adjusts the
modem’s configuration via SMS, an administrator can still access the modem via SMS.
Command syntax: <password>,<command>,[arg1,][arg2,]
All commands start with the password – either the default of the last 8 digits of the router's MAC address or the
administrator-configured password. Commands can have an optional number of arguments.
NOTE: The trailing comma on the command is important to allow the SMS engine to distinguish the final argument from other information the SMS
client might append to the message without your knowledge.
Supported Commands:
reboot: Reboot the router (not the modem)
•
•
Syntax: <password>,reboot,
Example: 1234,reboot,
restore: Restore the router to factory defaults
•
•
Syntax: <password>,restore,
Example: 1234,restore,
rstatus: Get router status
•
•
Syntax: <password>,rstatus,
Example: 1234,rstatus,
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This command returns info about the router along with the port names for ports with attached modems. These port
names may be helpful for using the commands that follow.
Example of response:
uptime: 0:35:13
FW: v4.4.0
eth0: 10/100/1000 Ethernet Switch: connected
usb3: MC200P: connected
mstatus: Get modem status*
•
•
•
Syntax: <password>,mstatus,[port,]
Example: 1234,mstatus,
//return status of highest priority modem
Example: 1234,mstatus,usb1,
//return status of modem plugged into port usb1
This command returns info about the indicated modem’s status. The resulting data reflects the modem model
number, service type, and connection status and values.
Example of response:
Model: MC200P
Service: HSPA+
SIM Status: READY
RSSI: -62 dbm
ECIO: -4
APN: wwan.ccs
IP Addr: 166.136.142.172
mreboot: Reboot the modem*
•
•
•
Syntax: <password>,mreboot,[port,]
Example: 1234,mreboot,
//This will reboot the highest priority modem.
Example: 1234,mreboot,usb1,
//This will reboot the modem on port usb1
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apn: Set the APN on the modem (for SIM-based modems)*
•
•
•
Syntax: <password>,apn,<new APN>,[port,]
Example: 1234,apn,myapn@apn.com,
Example: 1234,apn,myapn@apn.com,usb1,
//set APN of highest priority modem
//set APN for modem in port usb1
userpass: Set the modem's authentication username and password*
•
•
•
Syntax: <password>,userpass,<username>,<userpassword>,[port,]
Example: 1234,userpass,joe,mypassword,
//set information of highest priority modem
Example: 1234,userpass,joe,mypassword,usb3,
//set information on modem in port usb3
simpin: Set the SIM's PIN*
•
•
•
Syntax: <password>,simpin,<pin>,[port,]
Example: 1234,simpin,5678,
//set simpin in highest priority modem
Example: 1234,simpin,5678,usb2
//set simpin in modem on port usb2
log: Return a portion of the router log
•
•
•
•
Syntax: <password>,log,[start,]
Example: 1234,log,
//return the first 10 items of the log (items 0 through 9)
Example: 1234,log,10,
//return items 10 through 19 of the log
Example: 1234,log,20,
//return items 20 through 29 of the log
Sending log information via SMS messages likely results in several resulting texts. Please be aware of the costs of
text messages on the modem’s account, and use this command only if necessary.
* The “port” parameter is optional. It specifies which port to perform the action on. If not given, the action will happen on the highest priority
modem.
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Sample Debug Session
The following is an example of a debug session to discover a modem’s APN is misconfigured and needs to be set.
Figure out the state of the modems on the router:
1234,rstatus,
Receive the modem’s status and settings:
1234,mstatus,
Set the modem’s APN to the correct setting:
1234,apn,broadband,
Verify the APN was set properly:
1234,mstatus,
Continue to verify the status periodically to ensure that the modem connects:
1234,rstatus,
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8.1.8
System Logging
Logging Level: Setting the log level controls which messages are stored or filtered out. A log level of Debug will record
the most information while a log level of Critical will only record the most urgent messages. Each level includes all messages
from all of the levels below it on the list (e.g. “Warning” includes all “Error” and “Critical” messages as well).
•
•
•
•
•
Debug
Info
Warning
Error
Critical
Enable Logging to a Syslog Server: Enabling this
option will send log messages to a specified Syslog
server. After enabling, type the Hostname or IP
address of the Syslog server (or select from the
dropdown menu).
Syslog Server Address: Select the Hostname or IP address from the dropdown menu, or type this in manually.
Include System ID: This option will include the router’s "System ID" at the beginning of every log message. This is often
useful when a single remote Syslog server is handling logs for several routers.
Include UTF8 Byte Order Mark: The log message is sent using UTF-8 encoding. By default the router will attach the
Unicode Byte Order Mark (BOM) to the Syslog message in compliance with the Syslog protocol, RFC5424. Some Syslog
servers may not fully support RFC5424 and will treat the BOM as ASCII text, which will appear as garbled characters in
the log. If this occurs, disable this option.
Log to attached USB stick: Only enable this option if instructed by a CradlePoint support agent. This will write a very
verbose log file to the root level of an attached USB stick. Please disable the feature before removing the USB stick, or you
may lose some logging data.
Verbose modem logging: Only enable this option if instructed by a CradlePoint support agent.
Create support log: This functionality allows for a quick collection of system logging. Create this log file when instructed
by a CradlePoint support agent.
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8.1.9
Router Services
By default, router services (Enterprise Cloud
Manager, NTP, etc.) connect to the router via the
WAN. In some setups it makes sense to use the
LAN instead. For example, if your router is used
strictly for 3G/4G failover behind another router, you
may not want to use 3G/4G data unnecessarily.
Select Use LAN Gateway to set your router services
to connect via the LAN.
LAN Gateway Address: Input the IP address of the
LAN side connection. If this is a 3G/4G failover
router operating behind another router, the LAN Gateway Address is the IP address of that other router.
DNS Server and Secondary DNS Server: The primary and secondary DNS server numbers match the static DNS values
(set at Network Settings → DNS). You can leave the default values or set them manually here. (Changing these values
also changes the static DNS values.)
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8.2 Device Alerts
The Device Alerts submenu choice allows you to receive email notifications of specific system events. YOU MUST
ENABLE AN SMTP EMAIL SERVER TO RECEIVE ALERTS. Alerts can be included for the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Firmware Upgrade Available: A
firmware update is available for this
device.
System Reboot Occurred: This router
has rebooted. This depends on NTP
being enabled and available to report
the correct time.
Unrecognized MAC Address: Used
with the MAC monitoring lists. An alert
is sent when a new unrecognized MAC
address is connected to the router.
WAN Device Status Change: An
attached WAN device has changed
status. The possible statuses are
plugged, unplugged, connected, and
disconnected.
Configuration Change: A change to the router configuration.
Login Failure: A failed login attempt has been detected.
VPN Tunnel Goes Down: Sends an alert when a VPN tunnel goes down.
Full System Log: The system log has filled. This alert contains the contents of the system log.
Recurring System Log: The system log is sent periodically. This alert contains all of the system events since the
last recurring alert. It can be scheduled for daily, weekly and monthly reports (Frequency). You also choose the
Time you want the Alert sent.
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8.2.1 SMTP Mail Server
Since the MBR1400 does not have its own email server, to receive alerts you must enable an SMTP server. This is possible
through most email services (Gmail, Yahoo, etc.)
Each SMTP server will have different specifications for setup, so you have to look those up separately. The following is an
example using Gmail:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Server Address: smtp.gmail.com
Server Port: 587 (for TLS, or
Transport Layer Security port; the
MBR1400 does not support SSL).
Authentication Required: For
Gmail, mark this checkbox.
User Name: Your full email
address
Password: Your Gmail password
From Address: Your email
address
To Address: Your email address
Once you have filled in the information for the SMTP server, click on the “Verify SMTP Settings” button. You should
receive a test email at your account.
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Advanced: Delivery Options
Email Subject Prefix: This optional string
is prefixed to the alert subject. It can be
customized to help you identify alerts
from specific routers.
Retry Attempts: The number of attempts made to send an alert to the mail server. After the attempts are exhausted, the
alert is discarded.
Retry Delay: The delay between retry attempts.
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8.3 Enterprise Cloud Manager
CradlePoint ECM is a cloud-based management service for configuring, monitoring, and organizing your CradlePoint
routers.
Key features include:
•
•
•
•
Group based configuration management
Health monitoring of router connectivity and data usage
Remote management and control of routers
Historical record keeping of device logs and status
Visit http://cradlepoint.com/ecm to learn more about CradlePoint ECM.
If you do not have ECM credentials, sign up at: http://www.cradlepoint.com/ecm-signup.
Registering Your Router
Once you have signed up for ECM, click on
the Register Router button to begin
managing the router through ECM. Input
your ECM Username and ECM Password
and click Register. You have now registered
the device with Enterprise Cloud Manager.
Suspending the ECM Client
Click on the Suspend Client button to stop
communication between the device and
ECM. Suspending the client will make it stop
any current activity and go dormant. It will not
attempt to contact the server while
suspended. This is a temporary setting that
will not survive a router reboot; to disable the client altogether use the Advanced Enterprise Cloud Manager Settings
panel (below).
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8.3.1
•
•
•
•
•
8.3.2
Enterprise Cloud Manager Settings
(Advanced)
Enabled: Enable the ECM client to contact
the server. While this box is unchecked, the
ECM client will never attempt to contact the
server. (Default: Enabled)
Server Host:Port: The DNS hostname and
port number for your ECM server. (Default:
stream.cradlepoint.com)
Session Retry Timer: How long to wait, in seconds, before starting a new ECM session following a connection
drop or connectivity failure. Note that this value is a starting point for an internal backoff timer that prevents
superfluous retries during connectivity loss.
Unmanaged Checkin Timer: How often, in seconds, the router checks with ECM to see if the router is remotely
activated. Note that this value is a starting point for an internal backoff timer that reduces network usage over time.
Maximum Alerts Buffer: The maximum number of alerts to buffer when offline.
Legacy WiPipe Central Settings (Advanced)
WiPipe Central is CradlePoint’s legacy remote
management system.
•
•
•
Enabled: Enables the WiPipe Central client
to contact the server.
Ethernet Communication Only: Select this
to ensure that the WiPipe Central client will
not start unless the WAN is Ethernet.
Registration URL: Register your router using the code provided by CradlePoint when you purchase WiPipe
Central.
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8.4 Feature Licenses
Some CradlePoint features may require a license. These features are disabled by default. To obtain a feature license,
contact your CradlePoint sales representative.
Once you have obtained the feature license file, upload the file to enable the feature. A reboot is required after uploading
a feature license file.
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8.5 Hotspot Services
Any of your networks can be enabled as a hotspot. To
enable a hotspot, you need to select a network and set it
as a hotspot in Network Settings → WiFi / Local
Networks.
NOTE: Although any network can be a hotspot, the MBR1400 allows
only one hotspot.
Hotspot Mode: Choose from the following dropdown
options:
• Simple: Allows “Terms of Use” page and timeout
settings controlled within the router.
• RADIUS/UAM: Allows you to set up external
authentication servers.
Local IP Network: A single LAN Group—including both
WiFi and Ethernet—can be configured as your hotspot. If you do not already have a LAN Group configured as a hotspot,
go to the WiFi / Local Networks page (you can click Configure to link to this page) and set the Routing Mode to
"Hotspot" for the LAN Group you want to use.
NOTE: Routing Mode is in the Local Network Editor under the IP Settings tab. Select a network in Network Settings → WiFi / Local Networks
and click Edit to open the Local Network Editor. The IP Settings tab will already be open: the Routing Mode dropdown menu is at the bottom.
Allow Service on 3G/4G Modems: Allows you to enable or disable hotspot access to the Internet over a modem. This is
often used if the router has a main wired link and a secondary modem for failover (typically with a more expensive/limited
data plan). Select this option if you want the router to allow data traffic over the modem if the wired connection goes down.
Disable Service if Ethernet Threshold is met: This will block Hotspot use of the WAN when the threshold is met. This
can be used if the router is being used as a backup failover connection to another router with a wired connection. If that
other router’s wired connection goes down and it starts using this router for its primary connection, then disable Hotspot use
of the WAN connection. Set the limiting Rate (KB/s) and Time Period (seconds).
Redirect HTTPS Requests: This allows initial requests to HTTPS websites to be redirected appropriately.
Hotspot/UAM Authentication Port: Default: 8000. Type in a different port number, or use the slider to change the port.
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8.5.1
Simple Mode Settings
Display: This section allows you to choose if a
"Terms of Use" page will be given to the user
connecting to the hotspot.
• Internal Terms of Use. Fill in your own
terms of use.
• External Terms of Use. Specify a URL
that has the Terms of Use page. Users
will automatically be directed to this page.
• No Terms of Use. Redirect Only.
Redirection on Successful Authentication:
Depending on your choice for the “Terms of Use”
page, your have further options for where the
user will be directed. After the user accepts the
terms, you can either let him/her continue to the
URL they were trying to reach or you can force
the user to go to a specified URL once before
continuing on.
• To the URL the user intended to visit.
• To an administrator-defined URL.
Redirect URL: If you have chosen to send users
to an administrator-defined URL, you will need to
specify the address.
Session Timeout: (Default: 60 minutes.) The amount of time the user may use the router before being forced to
authenticate again.
Idle Timeout: (Default: 15 minutes.) If the user is idle for this amount of time, make them re-authenticate.
Bandwidth (upload): (Default: 512 Kbits/sec.) The data rate limit for users uploading data through the hotspot.
Bandwidth (download): (Default: 1024 Kbits/sec.) The data rate limit for users downloading data through the hotspot.
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8.5.2
RADIUS/UAM Settings
This section allows you to configure a RADIUS and Universal Access Method server. After the user accepts the terms, you
can either let him/her continue to the URL they were trying to reach or you can force the user to go to a specified UAM
Server or URL once before continuing on.
RADIUS settings:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Server Address 1: Assigned by RADIUS
service.
Server Address 2: This is an optional
backup server.
Authentication Port: The standard port
number, 1812, will usually be sufficient.
Accounting Port: The standard port
number, 1813, will usually be sufficient.
Shared Secret: Assigned by RADIUS
service.
Redirection On Successful
Authentication: Choose from the dropdown
list of options for redirection:
o Redirect to the UAM Server.
o Redirect to the URL that the user intends to visit.
o Redirect to the following URL (input the desired URL).
Session Timeout: (Default: 60 minutes.) The amount of time the user may use the router before being forced to
authenticate again. This value can be overwritten by the RADIUS server.
Idle Timeout: (Default: 15 minutes.) If the user is idle for this amount of time, make them re-authenticate.
Bandwidth (upload): (Default: 512 Kbits/sec.) The data rate limit for users uploading data through the hotspot.
Bandwidth (download): (Default: 1024 Kbits/sec.) The data rate limit for users downloading data through the
hotspot.
•
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UAM Settings:
•
•
•
•
8.5.3
Login URL: Assigned by UAM service.
Splash Page URL: Optional URL that can
point to an external page that can provide
specific information to the user prior to being
authenticated. The page must provide a link
back to the Login URL in order for the user
to be authenticated. For example - http://lan ip address:uam port/prelogin or http://192.168.10.1:8000/prelogin.
Shared Secret: Optional, depending on the UAM service.
NAS/Gateway ID: Assigned by UAM service.
Allowed Hosts Prior to Authentication
Adding host names to this list will allow access
from your network to any external domain or
website prior to being authenticated. For example,
a hotel might allow access to its own website prior
to authentication.
Click Add to enter new hostnames you wish to
allow.
Enter the Host or Domain Name of the website you
wish to allow, i.e. www.company.com or
company.com. To allow all domain and subdomain options, use a wildcard, i.e.
*.company.com.
Click Submit to save your additions.
8.5.4 Authorized MAC Addresses
Add the MAC addresses of trusted machines to which you want to give automatic access through the Hotspot portal.
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8.6 Serial Redirector
A single USB Serial device can be used to establish a serial link to a host port on the router. The USB Serial device can
also be accessed by running "serial" from an SSH session.
8.6.1 Telnet to Serial Configuration
Enabled: Enabling Telnet to Serial will start a Telnet server that passes its connection to the serial adapter. Enabling this
service is not necessary when accessing serial through SSH.
LAN: Enable serial redirector for LAN
connections.
Authenticated LAN: Enable serial redirector
for Authenticated LAN connections. You
must be logged into the router to use the
redirector.
WAN: Enable serial redirector for WAN
connections.
Server Port: Enter a port number for the
redirector to use. (Default: 7218)
8.6.2 USB Serial Adapter Configuration
Baud Rate: Select from the dropdown list.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
50
75
110
134
150
200
300
600
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•
•
•
•
•
•
1200
1800
2400
4800
9600
19200
Byte Size: The number of bits in a byte. Select from: 5, 6, 7, and 8.
Parity: Change this value to enable parity bit checking. Select from the following dropdown options:
•
•
•
•
•
None: No parity checking. (Default)
Even: parity bit will always be even.
Odd: parity bit will always be odd.
Mark: parity bit will always be odd and
always 1.
Space: parity bit will always be even
and always 0.
Stop Bits: Number of bits to initiate the stop
period. Select from these dropdown values:
1, 1.5, and 2.
Hardware (RTS/CTS): Use RTS (Request To Send)/CTS (Clear To Send) to enable flow control.
Software (XON/XOFF): Use XON/XOFF to enable flow control.
Linefeed: Select how you want linefeeds translated (CR = carriage return and LF = line feed).
•
•
•
•
Ignore
CR/LF
CR
LF
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8.7 SNMP Configuration
SNMP, or Simple Network Management
Protocol, is an Internet standard protocol
for remote management. You might use
this instead of Enterprise if you want to
remotely manage a set of routers that
include both CradlePoint and nonCradlePoint products.
Enable SNMP: Selecting “Enable SNMP”
will reveal the router’s SNMP configuration
options.
Enable SNMP on LAN: Enabling SNMP
on LAN will make SNMP services
available on the LAN networks provided
by this router. SNMP will not be available
on guest or virtual networks that do not
have administrative access.
LAN port #: Use the LAN port # field to configure the LAN port number you wish to access SNMP services on. (Default:
161)
Enable SNMP on WAN: Enabling SNMP on WAN will make SNMP services available to the WAN interfaces of the router.
WAN port #: Use the WAN port # field to configure which publicly accessible port you wish to make SNMP services available
on. (Default: 161)
SNMPv1: SNMP version 1 is the most basic version of SNMP. SNMPv1 will configure the router to transmit with settings
compatible with SNMP version 1 protocols.
SNMPv2c: SNMP version 2c has the same features as v1 with some additional commands. SNMPv2c will configure the
router to use settings and data formatting compatible with SNMP version 2c.
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SNMPv3: SNMP version 3 includes all prior features with security available. SNMPv3 is the most secure setting for SNMP.
If you wish to configure traps then you must use SNMP version 3.
Get community string: The “Get community string” is used to read SNMP information from the router. This string is like a
password that is transmitted in regular text with no protection.
Set community string: The “Set community string” is used when writing SNMP settings to the router. This string is like a
password. It is a good idea to make it different than the “Get community string.”
8.7.1
SNMPv3
If you select SNMPv3, you have several
additional configuration options for added
security.
Authentication type: Select the
authentication and encryption type that will
be used when connecting to the router from
the following dropdown list. These settings
must match the configuration used on any
SNMP clients.
• MD5 with no encryption
• SHA with no encryption
• MD5 with DES encryption
• SHA with DES encryption
• MD5 with AES encryption
• SHA with AES encryption
Username: Enter the Username configured on your SNMP host in the username field.
Password: Enter the Password for your SNMP host in the password and verify password fields. This password must be at
least 8 characters long.
Enable SNMP traps: Enabling traps will allow you to configure a destination server, community, and port for trap
notifications. Trap notifications are returned to the server with SNMPv1.
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Trap community string: The trap notifications will be returned to the trap server using this SNMPv1 trap community name.
Address for trap server: Enter the address of the host system that you want trap alerts sent to.
Trap server port #: Enter the port number that the remote host will be listening for trap alerts on. (Default: 162)
8.7.2
System Information
System information via SNMP is Read-Writable by default. However, if a value is set here, that field will become Read-Only.
System Contact: Input the email address of the system administrator.
System Name: Input the router’s hostname.
System Location: Input the physical location of the router. This is simply a string for your own information.
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8.8 System Control
Restore to Factory Defaults: This changes all
settings back to their default values.
Reboot The Device: This causes the router to
restart.
Advanced: System Automatic Reboot
and Ping Test
Scheduled Reboot: This causes the router to
restart at a user-determined time.
Watchdog Reboot: This causes the router to
automatically restart when it determines an
unrecoverable error condition has occurred.
Ping Test: A simple test to check Internet
connectivity. Type the Hostname or IP address of
the computer you want to ping and press 'Enter' or
click the 'Ping' button.
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8.9 System Software
8.9.1 Firmware Upgrade
This allows the administrator to load new firmware onto the router to add new features or fix defects. If you are happy with
the operation of the router, you may not want to upgrade just because a new version is available. Check the firmware
release notes (www.cradlepoint.com/firmware) for information to decide if you should upgrade.
Current Firmware Version: Shows the
number of the current firmware and the
date it was updated.
Available Firmware Version: If there is
a new firmware version available, this will
list the version number. Click “Check
Again” to have the router check the
newest firmware.
Factory Reset: Set default settings to
match the new firmware. This is safest,
as settings may have changed. You should back up your current settings and restore them after the new firmware is
loaded.
Automatically check for new firmware: Check for an available firmware update once a day.
Automatic (Internet): Have the router download the file and perform the upgrade with no user interaction.
Manual Firmware Upload: Upload the router firmware from an attached computer. (Go to www.cradlepoint.com/firmware
to download the firmware.)
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8.9.2 System Config Save/Restore
Backup Current Settings: Click on “Save to disk” to save your current settings to a file on a computer.
Restore Settings: Click on “Upload from file” to restore your previous settings from a file on a computer.
8.9.3 Firmware Upgrade and System Config Restore
Load new firmware and restore your previous settings from a file on a computer without rebooting between steps.
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9 GLOSSARY
802.11
Alphanumeric
A family of specifications for wireless local area networks
(WLANs) developed by a working group of the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
Characters A-Z and 0-9.
Access Control List
ACL. A database of network devices that are allowed to
access resources on the network.
Antenna
Used to transmit and receive RF signals.
Anti-virus
Ad-hoc network
A security program that can run on a computer or mobile
device and protects you by identifying and stopping the
spread of malware on your system. Anti-virus cannot
detect all malware, so even if it is active, your system might
still get infected. Anti-virus can also be used at the
organizational level. For example, email servers may have
anti-virus integrated with it to scan incoming or outgoing
email. Sometimes anti-virus tools are called 'antimalware', because these products are designed to defend
against various types of malicious software.
Peer-to-Peer network between wireless clients.
AppleTalk
Address Resolution Protocol
A set of Local Area Network protocols developed by Apple
for their computer systems.
Access Point
AP. A device that allows wireless clients to connect to it
and access the network.
ActiveX
A Microsoft specification for the interaction of software
components.
ARP. Used to map MAC addresses to IP addresses so that
conversions can be made in both directions.
ADSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line.
AppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol
AARP. Used to map the MAC addresses of Apple
computers to their AppleTalk network addresses, so that
conversions can be made in both directions.
Advanced Encryption Standard
AES. Government encryption standard.
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Application layer
Bandwidth
7th Layer of the OSI model. Provides services to
applications to ensure that they can communicate properly
with other applications on a network.
The maximum amount of bytes or bits per second that can
be transmitted to and from a network device.
ASCII
BIOS. A program that the processor of a computer uses to
startup the system once it is turned on.
American Standard Code for Information Interchange.
This system of characters is most commonly used for text
files.
Attenuation
The loss in strength of digital and analog signals. The loss
is greater when the signal is being transmitted over long
distances.
Authentication
To provide credentials, like a Password, in order to verify
that the person or device is really who they are claiming to
be.
Basic Input/Output System
Baud
Data transmission speed.
Beacon
A data frame by which one of the stations in a Wi-Fi
network periodically broadcasts network control data to
other wireless stations.
Bit rate
The amount of bits that pass in given amount of time.
Bit/sec
Automatic Private IP Addressing
Bits per second.
APIPA. An IP address that a Windows computer will
assign itself when it is configured to obtain an IP address
automatically but no DHCP server is available on the
network.
BOOTP
Bootstrap Protocol. Allows for computers to be booted up
and given an IP address with no user intervention.
Bottleneck
Backward Compatible
The ability for new devices to communicate and interact
with older legacy devices to guarantee interoperability.
A time during processes when something causes the
process to slowdown or stop all together.
Broadband
A wide band of frequencies available for transmitting data.
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Broadcast
Data
Transmitting data in all directions at once.
Information that has been translated into binary so that it
can be processed or moved to another device.
Browser
A program that allows you to access resources on the web
and provides them to you graphically.
Cable modem
A device that allows you to connect a computer up to a
coaxial cable and receive Internet access from your Cable
provider.
CardBus
Data Encryption Standard
Uses a randomly selected 56-bit key that must be known
by both the sender and the receiver when information is
exchanged.
Data-Link layer
The second layer of the OSI model. Controls the
movement of data on the physical link of a network.
A newer version of the PC Card or PCMCIA interface. It
supports a 32- bit data path, DMA, and consumes less
voltage.
Database
CAT 5
DB-25
Category 5. Used for 10/100 Mbps or 1Gbps Ethernet
connections.
A 25-pin male connector for attaching External modems or
RS-232 serial devices.
Client
DB-9
A program or user that requests data from a server.
A 9-pin connector for RS-232 connections
Collision
dBd
When do two devices on the same Ethernet network try
and transmit data at the exact same time.
Decibels related to dipole antenna.
Cookie
Decibels relative to isotropic radiator.
Information that is stored on the hard drive of your
computer that holds your preferences to the site that gave
your computer the cookie.
dBm
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Organizes information so that it can be managed updated,
as well as easily accessed by users or applications.
dBi
Decibels relative to one milliwatt.
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Decrypt
Domain name
To unscramble an encrypted message back into plain text.
A name that is associated with an IP address.
Default
Download
A predetermined value or setting that is used by a program
when no user input has been entered for this value or
setting.
To send a request from one computer to another and have
the file transmitted back to the requesting computer.
Demilitarized zone
These attacks exploit vulnerabilities in your browser or its
plugins and helper applications when you simply surf to an
attacker-controlled website. Some computer attackers set
up their own evil websites that are designed to
automatically attack and exploit anyone that visits the
website. Other attackers compromise trusted websites
such as ecommerce sites and deploy their exploit software
there. Often these attacks occur without the victims
realizing that they are under attack.
DMZ. A single computer or group of computers that can
be accessed by both users on the Internet as well as users
on the Local Network, but that is not protected by the same
security as the Local Network.
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. Used to
automatically assign IP addresses from a predefined pool
of addresses to computers or devices that request them.
Digital certificate
An electronic method of providing credentials to a server
in order to have access to it or a network.
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
DSSS: Modulation technique used by 802.11b wireless
devices.
DNS
Domain Name System. Translates Domain Names to IP
addresses.
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Drive-by Download
DSL
Digital Subscriber Line. High
connection over telephone lines.
bandwidth
Internet
Duplex
Sending and Receiving data transmissions at the same
time.
Dynamic DNS service
Dynamic DNS is provided by companies to allow users
with Dynamic IP addresses to obtain a Domain Name that
will always be linked to their changing IP address. The IP
address is updated by either client software running on a
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computer or by a router that supports Dynamic DNS,
whenever the IP address changes.
Dynamic IP address
IP address that is assigned by a DHCP server and that
may change. Cable Internet providers usually use this
method to assign IP addresses to their customers.
File server
A computer on a network that stores data so that the other
computers on the network can all access it.
File sharing
EAP
Allowing data from computers on a network to be
accessed by other computers on the network with different
levels of access rights.
Extensible Authentication Protocol.
Firewall
Email
Converting data into cyphertext so that it cannot be easily
read.
A security program that filters inbound and outbound
network connections. In some ways you can think of a
firewall as a virtual traffic cop, determining which traffic can
go through the firewall. Almost all computers today come
with firewall software installed. In addition, firewalls can be
implemented as network devices to filter traffic that
traverses through them.
Ethernet
Firmware
The most widely used technology for Local Area Networks.
Programming that is inserted into a hardware device that
tells it how to function.
Electronic Mail is a computer-stored message that is
transmitted over the Internet.
Encryption
Exploit
Code that is designed to take advantage of a vulnerability.
An exploit is designed to give an attacker the ability to
execute additional malicious programs on the
compromised system or to provide unauthorized access to
affected data or application.
Fragmentation
Breaking up data into smaller pieces to make it easier to
store.
FTP
Fiber optic
File Transfer Protocol. Easiest way to transfer files
between computers on the Internet.
A way of sending data through light impulses over glass or
plastic wire or fiber.
Full-duplex
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Sending and Receiving data at the same time.
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Gain
Hop
The amount an amplifier boosts the wireless signal.
The action of data packets being transmitted from one
router to another.
Gateway
A device that connects your network to another, like the
Internet.
Host
Gbps
HTTP
Gigabits per second.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol is used to transfer files from
HTTP servers (web servers) to HTTP clients (web
browsers).
Gigabit Ethernet
Transmission technology that provides a data rate of 1
billion bits per second.
Computer on a network.
HTTPS
HTTP over SSL is used to encrypt and decrypt HTTP
transmissions.
GUI
Graphical user interface.
Hub
H.323
A standard that provides consistency of voice and video
transmissions and compatibility for video conferencing
devices.
A networking device that connects multiple devices
together.
ICMP
Half-duplex
Internet Control Message Protocol.
Data cannot be transmitted and received at the same time.
IEEE
Hashing
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
Transforming a string of characters into a shorter string
with a predefined length.
IGMP
Hexadecimal
Characters 0-9 and A-F.
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Internet Group Management Protocol is used to make sure
that computers can report their multicast group
membership to adjacent routers.
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IIS
Intranet
Internet Information Server. A Web and FTP server
provided by Microsoft.
A private network.
IKE
A type of security that scans a network to detect attacks
coming from inside and outside of the network.
Internet Key Exchange. Used to ensure security for VPN
connections.
Intrusion Detection
IP
Infrastructure
Internet Protocol.
In terms of a wireless network, this is when wireless clients
use an access point to gain access to the network.
IP address
Internet
A system of worldwide networks that use TCP/IP to allow
for resources to be accessed from computers around the
world.
Internet Explorer
A World Wide Web browser created and provided by
Microsoft.
Internet Protocol
The method of transferring data from one computer to
another on the Internet.
Internet Protocol Security
IPsec provides security at the packet processing layer of
network communication.
Internet Service Provider
An ISP provides access to the Internet to individuals or
companies.
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A 32-bit number, when talking about Internet Protocol
Version 4, which identifies each computer that transmits
data on the Internet or on an intranet.
IPsec
Internet Protocol Security.
IPX
Internetwork Packet Exchange is a networking protocol
developed by Novell to enable their Netware clients and
servers to communicate.
ISP
Internet Service Provider.
Java
A programming language used to create programs and
applets for web pages.
Kbps
Kilobits per second.
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Kbyte
Malware
Kilobyte.
Malware stands for 'malicious software'. It is any type of
code or program cyber attackers use to perform malicious
actions. Traditionally there have been different types of
malware based on their capabilities and means of
propagation, as listed below. However, these technical
distinctions are no longer relevant as modern malware
combines the characteristics from each of these in a single
program.
L2TP
Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol.
LAN
Local Area Network.
Latency
The amount of time that it takes a packet to get from the
one point to another on a network. Also referred to as
delay.
•
LED
Light Emitting Diode.
•
Legacy
Older devices or technology.
Local Area Network
LAN. A group of computers in a building that usually
access files from a server.
LPR/LPD
“Line Printer Requestor”/”Line Printer Daemon”. A TCP/IP
protocol for transmitting streams of printer data.
MAC Address
A unique hardware ID assigned to every Ethernet adapter
by the manufacturer.
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•
Virus: A type of malware that spreads by infecting
other files, rather than existing in a standalone
manner. Viruses often – though not always – spread
through human interaction, such as opening an
infected file or application.
Worm: A type of malware that can propagate
automatically, typically without requiring any human
interaction for it to spread. Worms often spread
across networks, though they can also infect
systems through other means, such as USB keys. An
example of a worm is Conficker, which infected
millions of computer systems starting in 2008 and is
still active today.
Trojan: A shortened form of "Trojan Horse", this type
of malware appears to have a legitimate or at least
benign use, but masks a hidden sinister function. For
example, you may download and install a free
screensaver which actually works well as a
screensaver. But that software could also be
malicious, it will infect your computer once you install
it.
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•
Spyware: A type of malware that is designed to spy
on the victim's activities, capturing sensitive data
such as the person's passwords, online shopping,
and screen contents. One popular type of spyware,
a keylogger, is optimized for logging the victim's
keyboard activity and transmitting the captured
information to the remote attacker.
MTU
Maximum Transmission Unit. The largest packet that can
be transmitted on a packet-based network like the Internet.
Multicast
Sending data from one device to many devices on a
network.
Mbps
NAT
Megabits per second.
Network Address Translation. Allows many private IP
addresses to connect to the Internet, or another network,
through one IP address.
MDI
Medium Dependent Interface. An Ethernet port for a
connection to a straight-through cable.
MDIX
Medium Dependent Interface Crossover. An Ethernet port
for a connection to a crossover cable.
MIB
Management Information Base. A set of objects that can
be managed by using SNMP.
Modem
A device that modulates digital signals from a computer to
an analog signal in order to transmit the signal over phone
lines. It also demodulates the analog signals coming from
the phone lines to digital signals for your computer.
MPPE
NetBEUI
NetBIOS Extended User Interface. A Local Area Network
communication protocol. This is an updated version of
NetBIOS.
NetBIOS
Network Basic Input/Output System.
Netmask
Determines what portion of an IP address designates the
Network and which part designates the Host.
Network Interface Card
NIC. A card installed in a computer or built onto the
motherboard that allows the computer to connect to a
network.
Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption. Used to secure data
transmissions over PPTP connections.
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Network Layer
Patch
The third layer of the OSI model which handles the routing
of traffic on a network.
NIC
A patch is an update to a vulnerable program or system. A
common practice to keep your computer and mobile
devices secure is installing the vendor’s latest patches in
a timely fashion. Some vendors release patches on a
monthly or quarterly basis. Therefore, having a computer
that is unpatched for even a few weeks could leave it
vulnerable.
Network Interface Card.
Personal Area Network
NTP
The interconnection of networking devices within a range
of 10 meters.
Network Time Protocol
Used to synchronize the time of all the computers in a
network.
Network Time Protocol.
Phishing
OFDM
Orthogonal
Frequency-Division
Multiplexing.
The
modulation technique for both 802.11a and 802.11g.
OSI
Open Systems Interconnection. The reference model for
how data should travel between two devices on a network.
OSPF
Open Shortest Path First. A routing protocol that is used
more than RIP in larger scale networks because only
changes to the routing table are sent to all the other routers
in the network as opposed to sending the entire routing
table at a regular interval, which is how RIP functions.
Password
A sequence of characters that is used to authenticate
requests to resources on a network.
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Phishing is a social engineering technique where cyber
attackers attempt to fool you into taking an action in
response to an email. Phishing was a term originally used
to describe a specific attack scenario. Attackers would
send out emails pretending to be a trusted bank or
financial institution; their goal was to fool victims into
clicking on a link in the email. Once clicked, victims were
taken to a website that pretended to be the bank, but was
really created and controlled by the attacker. If the victim
attempted to log in thinking they were at their bank, their
login and password would then be stolen by the attacker.
The term has evolved and often means not just attacks
designed to steal your password, but emails designed to
send you to websites that hack into your browser, or even
emails with infected attachments.
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Physical layer
PPTP
The first layer of the OSI model. Provides the hardware
means of transmitting electrical signals on a data carrier.
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol. Used for creating VPN
tunnels over the Internet between two networks.
Ping
Preamble
A utility program that verifies that a given Internet address
exists and can receive messages. The utility sends a
control packet to the given address and waits for a
response.
Used to synchronize communication timing between
devices on a network.
PoE
Power over Ethernet. The means of transmitting electricity
over the unused pairs in a category 5 Ethernet cable.
QoS
Quality of Service.
RADIUS
POP3
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service. Allows for
remote users to dial into a central server and be
authenticated in order to access resources on a network.
Post Office Protocol 3. Used for receiving email.
Reboot
Port
To restart a computer and reload its operating software or
firmware from nonvolatile storage.
A logical channel endpoint in a network. A computer might
have only one physical channel (its Ethernet channel) but
can have multiple ports (logical channels) each identified
by a number.
PPP
Point-to-Point Protocol. Used for two computers to
communicate with each over a serial interface, like a
phone line.
PPPoE
Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. Used to connect
multiple computers to a remote server over Ethernet.
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Rendezvous
Apple’s version of UPnP, which allows for devices on a
network to discover each other and be connected without
the need to configure any settings.
Repeater
Retransmits the signal of an access point in order to
extend its coverage.
RIP
Routing Information Protocol. Used to synchronize the
routing table of all the routers on a network.
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RJ-11
SIP
The most commonly used connection method for
telephones.
RJ-45
Session Initiation Protocol. A standard protocol for
initiating a user session that involves multimedia content,
such as voice or chat.
The most commonly used connection method for Ethernet.
SMTP
RS-232C
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol.
The interface for serial communication
computers and other related devices.
between
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol.
RSA
Social Engineering
Algorithm used for encryption and authentication.
A psychological attack used by cyber attackers to deceive
their victims into taking an action that will place the victim
at risk. For example, cyber attackers may trick you into
revealing your password or fool you into installing
malicious software on your computer. They often do this
by pretending to be someone you know or trust, such as a
bank, company or even a friend.
Server
A computer on a network that provides services and
resources to other computers on the network.
Session key
An encryption and decryption key that is generated for
every communication session between two computers.
SOHO
Session layer
Small Office/Home Office.
The fifth layer of the OSI model which coordinates the
connection and communication between applications on
both ends.
Spam
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
Used for sending and receiving email.
Simple Network Management Protocol
Governs the management and monitoring of network
devices.
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Unwanted or unsolicited emails, typically sent to numerous
recipients with the hope of enticing people to read the
embedded advertisements, click on a link or open an
attachment. Spam is often used to convince recipients to
purchase illegal or questionable products and services,
such as pharmaceuticals from fake companies. Spam is
also often used to distribute malware to potential victims.
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Spear Phishing
Spear phishing describes a type of phishing attack that
targets specific victims. But instead of sending out an
email to millions of email addresses, cyber attackers send
out a very small number of crafted emails to very specific
individuals, usually all at the same organization. Because
of the targeted nature of this attack, spear phishing attacks
are often harder to detect and usually more effective at
fooling the victims.
Originally written for UNIX, it is now available for other
operating systems, including Windows.
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol.
TCP Raw
A TCP/IP protocol for transmitting streams of printer data.
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.
SPI
Stateful Packet Inspection.
TFTP
SSH
Trivial File Transfer Protocol. A utility used for transferring
files that is simpler to use than FTP but with fewer features.
Secure Shell. A command line interface that allows for
secure connections to remote computers.
Throughput
SSID
The amount of data that can be transferred in a given time
period.
Service Set Identifier. A name for a wireless network.
Stateful Packet Inspection
A feature of a firewall that monitors outgoing and incoming
traffic to make sure that only valid responses to outgoing
requests are allowed to pass though the firewall.
Traceroute
A utility that displays the routes between your computer
and a specific destination.
UDP
User Datagram Protocol.
Subnet mask
Determines what portion of an IP address designates the
Network and which part designates the Host.
Unicast
Communication between a single sender and receiver.
Syslog
Update
System Logger. A distributed logging interface for
collecting in one place the logs from different sources.
To install a more recent version of a software or firmware
product.
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Upgrade
VoIP
To install a more recent version of a software or firmware
product.
Voice over IP. Sending voice information over the Internet
as opposed to the PSTN.
Upload
Vulnerability
To send a request from one computer to another and have
a file transmitted from the requesting computer to the
other.
Any weakness that attackers or their malicious programs
may be able to exploit. For example, it can be a bug in a
computer program or a misconfigured webserver. An
attacker or malware may be able to take advantage of the
vulnerability to gain unauthorized access to the affected
system. However, vulnerabilities can also be a weakness
in people or organizational processes.
UPnP
Universal Plug and Play. A standard that allows network
devices to discover each other and configure themselves
to be a part of the network.
URL
Uniform Resource Locator. A unique address for files
accessible on the Internet.
USB
Unshielded Twisted Pair.
Virtual Private Network
VPN. A secure tunnel over the Internet to connect remote
offices or users to their company’s network.
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WAN
WCN
UTP
Virtual LAN.
Allows you to power up a computer through its Network
Interface Card.
Wide Area Network.
Universal Serial Bus.
VLAN
Wake on LAN
Windows Connect Now. A Microsoft method for
configuring and bootstrapping wireless networking
hardware (access points) and wireless clients, including
PCs and other devices.
WDS
Wireless Distribution System. A system that enables the
interconnection of access points wirelessly.
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Web browser
WLAN
A utility that allows you to view content and interact with all
of the information on the World Wide Web.
Wireless Local Area Network.
WEP
Wi-Fi Protected Access. A Wi-Fi security enhancement
that provides improved data encryption, relative to WEP.
Wired Equivalent Privacy. Security for wireless networks
that is supposed to be comparable to that of a wired
network.
WPA
xDSL
Wi-Fi
A generic term for the family of digital subscriber line (DSL)
technologies, such as ADSL, HDSL, RADSL, and SDSL.
Wireless Fidelity. Used to describe any of the 802.11
wireless networking specifications.
Yagi antenna
Wi-Fi Protected Access
A directional antenna used to concentrate wireless
signals on a specific location.
An updated version of security for wireless networks that
provides authentication as well as encryption.
Wide Area Network
The larger network that your LAN is connected to, which
may be the Internet itself, or a regional or corporate
network.
Wireless (Wi-Fi) LAN
Connecting to a Local Area Network over one of the
802.11 wireless standards.
WISP
Wireless Internet Service Provider. A company that
provides a broadband Internet connection over a wireless
connection.
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10 APPENDIX
10.1 Product Information and Safety Guide
This important Product Information and Safety Guide contains safety, handling, disposal, regulatory, trademark, copyright, and software licensing information. Read all safety
information below and operating instructions before using the MBR1400 device to avoid injury.
SAFETY AND HAZARDS
Under no circumstances should the MBR1400 device be used in any areas (a) where blasting is in progress, (b) where explosive atmospheres may be present, or (c) that are near (i)
medical or life support equipment, or (ii) any equipment which may be susceptible to any form of radio interference. In such areas, the MBR1400 device MUST BE POWERED OFF AT
ALL TIMES (since the device otherwise could transmit signals that might interfere with such equipment). In addition, under no circumstances should the MBR1400 device be used in
any aircraft, regardless of whether the aircraft is on the ground or in flight. In any aircraft, the MBR1400 device MUST BE POWERED OFF AT ALL TIMES (since the device otherwise
could transmit signals that might interfere with various onboard systems on such aircraft). Furthermore, under no circumstances should the MBR1400 device be used by the driver or
operator of any vehicle. Such use of the device will detract from the driver or operator’s control of that vehicle. In some jurisdictions, use of the MBR1400 device while driving or
operating a vehicle constitutes a civil and/or criminal offense.
Due to the nature of wireless communications, transmission and reception of data by the MBR1400 device can never be guaranteed, and it is possible that data communicated or
transmitted wirelessly may be delayed, corrupted (i.e., contain errors), or totally lost. The MBR1400 device is not intended for, and CradlePoint recommends the device not be used in
any critical applications where failure to transmit or receive data could result in property damage or loss or personal injury of any kind (including death) to the user or to any other party.
CradlePoint expressly disclaims liability for damages of any kind resulting from: (a) delays, errors, or losses of any data transmitted or received using the device; or (b) any failure of
the device to transmit or receive such data.
Warning: This product is only to be installed by qualified personnel!
To comply with FCC/IC regulations limiting both maximum RF output power and human exposure to RF radiation, the maximum antenna gain must not exceed 5 dBi in the Cellular
band and 4 dBi in the PCS band.
ANTENNA CONSIDERATIONS
Although the antenna model(s) used with these devices meet(s) the Industry Canada Radio Frequency requirements, it is possible that the future customers may swap them for
different ones without network providers knowledge and approval. Such customers must be made aware of, and follow, the Radio Frequency requirements applied in the Technical
Approval:
• RSS-102 “Radio Frequency Exposure Compliance of Radiocommunication Apparatus (All Frequency Bands)”
• RSS-129 “800 MHz Dual-Mode CDMA Cellular Telephones”
• RSS-132e “Cellular Telephones Employing New Technologies Operating in the Bands 824-849 MHz and 869-894 MHz”
• RSS-133 r1 “2 GHz Personal Communications Services”
FEDERAL COMMUNICATION COMMISSION INTERFERENCE STATEMENT
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance
with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
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• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
FCC CAUTION: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate this equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
For product available in the USA/Canada market, only channel 1~11 can be operated. Selection of other channels is not possible.
This device and its antenna(s) must not be co-located or operation in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
IMPORTANT NOTE
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement: This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment. This equipment should be installed and
operated with minimum distance 20cm between the radiator & your body.
OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE
This product contains software distributed under one or more of the following open source licenses: GNU General Public License Version 2, NetBSD Foundation License, and PSF
License Agreement for Python 3.1.1. For more information on this software, including licensing terms and your rights to access source code, contact CradlePoint at
www.cradlepoint.com/opensource.
WARRANTY INFORMATION
Limited 1 Year Warranty included featuring 5x12 technical support + access to software updates + hardware repair or replacement. Optional Enterprise Support Agreement available
with 24x7 technical support + software updates and upgrades + advanced hardware exchange.
CradlePoint, Inc. warrants this product against defects in materials and workmanship to the original purchaser (or the first purchaser in the case of resale by an authorized distributor)
for a period of one (1) year from the date of shipment. This warranty is limited to a repair or replacement of the product, at CradlePoint’s discretion. CradlePoint does not warrant that
the operation of the device will meet your requirements or be error free. Within thirty (30) days of receipt should the product fail for any reason other than damage due to customer
negligence, purchaser may return the product to the point of purchase for a full refund of the purchase price. If the purchaser wishes to upgrade or convert to another CradlePoint, Inc.
product within the thirty (30) day period, purchaser may return the product and apply the full purchase price toward the purchase of another CradlePoint product. Any other return will
be subject to CradlePoint, Inc.’s existing return policy.
LIMITATION OF CRADLEPOINT LIABILITY
The information contained in this Quick Start Guide is subject to change without notice and does not represent any commitment on the part of CradlePoint or its affiliates.
CRADLEPOINT AND ITS AFFILIATES HEREBY SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM LIABILITY FOR ANY AND ALL: (A) DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, GENERAL, INCIDENTAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION FOR LOSS OF PROFITS OR REVENUE OR OF ANTICIPATED PROFITS OR
REVENUE ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE MBR1400 DEVICE, EVEN IF CRADLEPOINT AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, AND EVEN IF SUCH DAMAGES ARE FORESEEABLE; OR (B) CLAIMS BY ANY THIRD PARTY. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event
shall the aggregate liability of CradlePoint and/or its affiliates arising under or in connection with the MBR1400 device, regardless of the number of events, occurrences, or claims
giving rise to liability, exceed the price paid by the original purchaser of the MBR1400 device.
PRIVACY
CradlePoint may collect general data pertaining to the use of CradlePoint products via the Internet including, by way of example, IP address, device ID, operating system, browser type
and version number, etc. To review CradlePoint’s privacy policy, please visit: http://www.cradlepoint.com/privacy.
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OTHER BINDING DOCUMENTS; TRADEMARKS; COPYRIGHT
By activating or using your MBR1400 device, you agree to be bound by CradlePoint’s Terms of Use, User License and other Legal Policies, all as posted at
www.cradlepoint.com/legal. Please read these documents carefully. CradlePoint, the CradlePoint logo, and MBR1400 are trademarks of CradlePoint, Inc.
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10.2 Specifications
MODEL NAME
MBR1400 Mission-Critical Broadband Router
OPERATING TEMPERATURE
0oC to 40oC
WAN / INTERNET
3G/4G via five modem ports (3 USB 2.0, 2 ExpressCard);
one default Ethernet port (10/100/1000); additional LAN
Ethernet ports re-configurable to WAN for redundancy
LAN
Wi-Fi 802.11 a/b/g/n, four default Ethernet ports
(10/100/1000); one additional WAN Ethernet port reconfigurable to LAN use
ANTENNAS
3 external 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi antennas (750+ feet range); 5
GHz antennas available as an accessory
BUTTONS / SWITCHES
Wi-Fi On/Off Switch, WPS Button (Wi-Fi Protected
Setup), Modem Signal Strength, Reset, and Power
Switch
LED INDICATORS
Power, Ethernet LAN (1-4), Ethernet WAN, 3G/4G WAN,
3G/4G Modem Status (5), WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup),
Signal Strength
DIMENSIONS
9” x 5.1” x 1.57” (230mm x 130mm x 40mm)
CERTIFICATIONS
FCC, IC, CE, Wi-Fi Alliance
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•
DETAILS
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2.412 to 2.484 GHz Wi-Fi frequency band
operation
Compliant with IEEE 802.3 and 3u Standards
Supports OFDM and CCK modulation
Supports Cable/DSL modems with Dynamic IP,
Static IP, PPPoE, PPTP, or L2TP connection
types
Traffic Control, Port Forwarding, Virtual Server
(max 32 servers) and DMZ
Compatible with HSPA, EVDO, LTE, & WiMAX
cellular network devices
Easy management via HTTP and remote
management via HTTP and SNMP
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•
•
•
•
•
•
Create, manage, and terminate up to 20 IPsec
VPN sessions
Supported VPN implementations: CradlePoint to
CradlePoint, CradlePoint to Cisco/Linksys
Routers, and CradlePoint to Linux Systems.
Tunnel (default) and Transfer (a.k.a. Transport)
Modes
Hash algorithms (hardware accelerated) - MD5,
SHA128, SHA256, SHA384, SHA512
Cipher algorithms (hardware accelerated) - AES,
3DES, DES
Keying – automatic using IKE 1.0 or manual
Authentication method: pre-shared key
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http://www.cradlepoint.com/
Copyright © 2013 by CradlePoint, Inc. All rights reserved.
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