CABAC Instruction Manual - INSTALTESTKIT Insulation Tester

EurotestCOMBO
MI 3125
MI 3125B
Instruction manual
Version 1.7, Code no. 20 751 484
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1
Distributor:
Manufacturer:
METREL d.d.
Ljubljanska cesta 77
1354 Horjul
Slovenia
web site: http://www.metrel.si
e-mail: metrel@metrel.si
Mark on your equipment certifies that this equipment meets the requirements of the EU
(European Union) concerning safety and electromagnetic compatibility regulations
© 2010 METREL
The trade names Metrel, Smartec, Eurotest, Autosequence are trademarks registered or pending in
Europe and other countries.
No part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means
without permission in writing from METREL.
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Table of contents
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Table of contents
1
Preface ....................................................................................................................6
2
Safety and operational considerations.................................................................7
2.1
Warnings and notes ..........................................................................................7
2.2
Battery and charging .......................................................................................10
2.2.1
New battery cells or cells unused for a longer period ...............................11
2.3
Standards applied ...........................................................................................12
3
Instrument description.........................................................................................13
3.1
Front panel ......................................................................................................13
3.2
Connector panel ..............................................................................................15
3.3
Back side.........................................................................................................16
3.4
Display organization ........................................................................................17
3.4.1
Terminal voltage monitor..........................................................................17
3.4.2
Battery indication......................................................................................17
3.4.3
Message field ...........................................................................................17
3.4.4
Result field ...............................................................................................18
3.4.5
Sound warnings .......................................................................................18
3.4.6
Help screens ............................................................................................18
3.4.7
Backlight and contrast adjustments..........................................................19
3.5
Instrument set and accessories.......................................................................20
3.5.1
Standard set MI 3125 ...............................................................................20
3.5.2
Standard set MI 3125B.............................................................................20
3.5.3
Optional accessories ................................................................................20
4
Instrument operation............................................................................................21
4.1
Function selection ...........................................................................................21
4.2
Settings ...........................................................................................................22
4.2.1
Language .................................................................................................22
4.2.2
Initial settings ...........................................................................................23
4.2.3
Memory (model MI 3125B).......................................................................24
4.2.4
Date and time (model MI 3125B) .............................................................24
4.2.5
RCD standard ..........................................................................................25
4.2.6
Isc factor...................................................................................................26
4.2.7
Commander support.................................................................................26
5
Measurements ......................................................................................................28
5.1
Voltage, frequency and phase sequence ........................................................28
5.2
Insulation resistance........................................................................................30
5.3
Resistance of earth connection and equipotential bonding .............................32
5.3.1
R LOWΩ, 200 mA resistance measurement ............................................33
5.3.2
Continuous resistance measurement with low current (model MI 3125B)34
5.3.3
Compensation of test leads resistance.....................................................35
5.4
Testing RCDs ..................................................................................................36
5.4.1
Contact voltage (RCD Uc)........................................................................37
5.4.2
Trip-out time (RCDt) .................................................................................38
5.4.3
Trip-out current (RCD I)............................................................................39
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Table of contents
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
5.4.4
RCD Autotest ...........................................................................................40
5.5
Fault loop impedance and prospective fault current ........................................43
5.6
Line impedance and prospective short-circuit current / Voltage drop ..............45
5.6.1
Line impedance and prospective short circuit current ..............................46
5.6.2
Voltage drop.............................................................................................47
5.7
Earth resistance (model MI 3125B) .................................................................50
5.8
PE test terminal ...............................................................................................52
6
Data handling (model MI 3125B) .........................................................................54
6.1
Memory organization .......................................................................................54
6.2
Data structure..................................................................................................54
6.3
Storing test results...........................................................................................56
6.4
Recalling test results .......................................................................................57
6.5
Clearing stored data ........................................................................................58
6.5.1
Clearing complete memory content..........................................................58
6.5.2
Clearing measurement(s) in selected location .........................................58
6.5.3
Clearing individual measurements ...........................................................59
6.5.4
Renaming installation structure elements.................................................60
6.6
Communication ...............................................................................................61
7
Upgrading the instrument....................................................................................62
8
Maintenance..........................................................................................................63
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
9
Fuse replacement............................................................................................63
Cleaning ..........................................................................................................63
Periodic calibration ..........................................................................................63
Service ............................................................................................................63
Technical specifications ......................................................................................64
9.1
Insulation resistance........................................................................................64
9.2
Continuity ........................................................................................................65
9.2.1
Resistance R LOWΩ ................................................................................65
9.2.2
Resistance CONTINUITY (model MI 3125B) ...........................................65
9.3
RCD testing .....................................................................................................65
9.3.1
General data ............................................................................................65
9.3.2
Contact voltage RCD-Uc ..........................................................................66
9.3.3
Trip-out time .............................................................................................66
9.3.4
Trip-out current.........................................................................................66
9.4
Fault loop impedance and prospective fault current ........................................67
9.4.1
No disconnecting device or FUSE selected .............................................67
9.4.2
RCD selected ...........................................................................................68
9.5
Line impedance and prospective short-circuit current / Voltage drop ..............68
9.6
Resistance to earth (model MI 3125B) ............................................................70
9.7
Voltage, frequency, and phase rotation ...........................................................70
9.7.1
Phase rotation ..........................................................................................70
9.7.2
Voltage .....................................................................................................70
9.7.3
Frequency ................................................................................................70
9.7.4
Online terminal voltage monitor................................................................71
9.8
General data....................................................................................................71
4
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Table of contents
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
A
Appendix A - Fuse table.......................................................................................72
A.1
A.2
Fuse table - IPSC ............................................................................................72
Fuse table - impedances (UK).........................................................................74
B
Appendix B - Accessories for specific measurements .....................................76
C
Appendix F – Country notes................................................................................77
C.1 List of country modifications ............................................................................77
C.2 Modification issues ..........................................................................................77
C.2.1
AT modification - G type RCD ..................................................................77
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Preface
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
1 Preface
Congratulations on your purchase of the Eurotest instrument and its accessories from
METREL. The instrument was designed on a basis of rich experience, acquired through
many years of dealing with electric installation test equipment.
The Eurotest instrument is professional, multifunctional, hand-held test instrument
intended to perform all the measurements required in order for a total inspection of
electrical installations in buildings. The following measurements and tests can be
performed:
In the models 3125 and 3125B
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
Voltage and frequency,
Continuity tests,
Insulation resistance tests,
RCD testing,
Fault loop / RCD trip-lock impedance measurements,
Line impedance / Voltage drop,
Phase sequence,
Additionally, model 3125B includes:
‰
Earthing resistance tests
The graphic display with backlight offers easy reading of results, indications,
measurement parameters and messages. Two LED Pass/Fail indicators are placed at
the sides of the LCD.
The operation of the instrument is designed to be as simple and clear as possible and
no special training (except for the reading this instruction manual) is required in order to
begin using the instrument.
In order for operator to be familiar enough with performing measurements in general
and their typical applications it is advisable to read Metrel handbook Guide for testing
and verification of low voltage installations.
The instrument is equipped with the entire necessary accessory for comfortable testing.
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Warnings and notes
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
2 Safety and operational considerations
2.1 Warnings and notes
In order to maintain the highest level of operator safety while carrying out various tests
and measurements, Metrel recommends keeping your Eurotest instruments in good
condition and undamaged. When using the instrument, consider the following general
warnings:
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
The
symbol on the instrument means »Read the Instruction manual
with special care for safe operation«. The symbol requires an action!
If the test equipment is used in a manner not specified in this user manual,
the protection provided by the equipment could be impaired!
Read this user manual carefully, otherwise the use of the instrument may
be dangerous for the operator, the instrument or for the equipment under
test!
Do not use the instrument or any of the accessories if any damage is
noticed!
If a fuse blows in the instrument, follow the instructions in this manual in
order to replace it!
Consider all generally known precautions in order to avoid risk of electric
shock while dealing with hazardous voltages!
Do not use the instrument in supply systems with voltages higher than
550 V!
Service intervention or adjustment is only allowed to be carried out by a
competent authorized personnel!
Use only standard or optional test accessories supplied by your
distributor!
Consider that older accessories and some of the new optional test
accessories compatible with this instrument only meet CAT III / 300 V
overvoltage safety rating! This means that maximal allowed voltage
between test terminals and ground is 300 V!
The instrument comes supplied with rechargeable Ni-Cd or Ni-MH battery
cells. The cells should only be replaced with the same type as defined on
the battery compartment label or as described in this manual. Do not use
standard alkaline battery cells while the power supply adapter is
connected, otherwise they may explode!
Hazardous voltages exist inside the instrument. Disconnect all test leads,
remove the power supply cable and switch off the instrument before
All normal safety precautions must be taken in order to avoid risk of
electric shock while working on electrical installations!
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Warnings and notes
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Warnings related to measurement functions:
Insulation resistance
‰
‰
‰
‰
Insulation resistance measurement should only be performed on de-energized
objects!
Do not touch the test object during the measurement or before it is fully
discharged! Risk of electric shock!
When an insulation resistance measurement has been performed on a capacitive
object, automatic discharge may not be done immediately! The warning message
and the actual voltage is displayed during discharge until voltage drops below
10 V.
Do not connect test terminals to external voltage higher than 600 V (AC or DC) in
order not to damage the test instrument!
Continuity functions
‰
‰
Continuity measurements should only be performed on de-energized objects!
Parallel impedances or transient currents may influence test results.
Testing PE terminal
‰
If phase voltage is detected on the tested PE terminal, stop all measurements
immediately and ensure the cause of the fault is eliminated before proceeding
with any activity!
Notes related to measurement functions:
General
‰
‰
‰
‰
The
indicator means that the selected measurement cannot be performed
because of irregular conditions on input terminals.
Insulation resistance, continuity functions and earth resistance measurements
(MI 3125B) can only be performed on de-energized objects.
PASS / FAIL indication is enabled when limit is set. Apply appropriate limit value
for evaluation of measurement results.
In the case that only two of the three wires are connected to the electrical
installation under test, only voltage indication between these two wires is valid.
Insulation resistance
‰
‰
‰
If voltages of higher than 10 V (AC or DC) is detected between test terminals, the
insulation resistance measurement will not be performed. If voltages of higher
than 10 V (AC or DC) is detected between test terminals, the insulation
resistance measurement will not be performed.
The instrument automatically discharge tested object after finished
measurement.
A double click of TEST key starts a continuous measurement.
8
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Warnings and notes
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Continuity functions
‰
‰
If voltages of higher than 10 V (AC or DC) is detected between test terminals, the
continuity resistance test will not be performed.
Before performing a continuity measurement, where necessary, compensate test
lead resistance.
RCD functions
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
Parameters set in one function are also kept for other RCD functions!
The measurement of contact voltage does not normally trip an RCD. However,
the trip limit of the RCD may be exceeded as a result of leakage current flowing
to the PE protective conductor or a capacitive connection between L and PE
conductors.
The RCD trip-lock sub-function (function selector switch in LOOP position) takes
longer to complete but offers much better accuracy of fault loop resistance (in
comparison to the RL sub-result in Contact voltage function).
RCD trip-out time and RCD trip-out current measurements will only be performed
if the contact voltage in the pre-test at nominal differential current is lower than
the set contact voltage limit!
The autotest sequence (RCD AUTO function) stops when trip-out time is out of
allowable time period.
Z-LOOP
‰
‰
‰
‰
The low limit prospective short-circuit current value depends on fuse type, fuse
current rating, fuse trip-out time and impedance scaling factor.
The specified accuracy of tested parameters is valid only if the mains voltage is
stable during the measurement.
Fault loop impedance measurements will trip an RCD.
The measurement of fault loop impedance using trip-lock function does not
normally trip an RCD. However, the trip limit may be exceeded as a result of
leakage current flowing to the PE protective conductor or a capacitive connection
between L and PE conductors.
Z-LINE / VOLTAGE DROP
‰
‰
‰
In case of measurement of ZLine-Line with the instrument test leads PE and N
connected together the instrument will display a warning of dangerous PE
voltage. The measurement will be performed anyway.
Specified accuracy of tested parameters is valid only if mains voltage is stable
during the measurement.
L and N test terminals are reversed automatically according to detected terminal
voltage (except in UK version).
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Battery and charging
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
2.2 Battery and charging
The instrument uses six AA size alkaline or rechargeable Ni-Cd or Ni-MH battery cells.
Nominal operating time is declared for cells with nominal capacity of 2100 mAh.
Battery condition is always displayed in the lower right display part.
In case the battery is too weak the instrument indicates this as shown in figure 2.1. This
indication appears for a few seconds and then the instrument turns itself off.
Figure 2.1: Discharged battery indication
The battery is charged whenever the power supply adapter is connected to the
instrument. The power supply socket polarity is shown in figure 2.2.Internal circuit
controls charging and assures maximum battery lifetime.
+
Figure 2.2: Power supply socket polarity
The instrument automatically recognizes the connected power supply adapter and
begins charging.
Symbols:
Indication of battery charging
Figure 2.3: Charging indication
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
When connected to an installation, the instruments battery compartment can
contain hazardous voltage inside! When replacing battery cells or before
opening the battery/fuse compartment cover, disconnect any measuring
accessory connected to the instrument and turn off the instrument,
Ensure that the battery cells are inserted correctly otherwise the instrument will
not operate and the batteries could be discharged.
If the instrument is not to be used for a long period of time, remove all batteries
from the battery compartment.
Alkaline or rechargeable Ni-Cd or Ni-MH batteries (size AA) can be used. Metrel
recommends only using rechargeable batteries with a capacity of 2100mAh or
above.
Do not recharge alkaline battery cells!
Use only power supply adapter delivered from the manufacturer or distributor of
the test equipment to avoid possible fire or electric shock!
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Battery and charging
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
2.2.1 New battery cells or cells unused for a longer period
Unpredictable chemical processes can occur during the charging of new battery cells or
cells that have been left unused for a longer period (more than 3 months). Ni-MH and
Ni-Cd cells can be subjected to these chemical effects (sometimes called the memory
effect). As a result the instrument operation time can be significantly reduced during the
initial charging/discharging cycles of the batteries.
In this situation, Metrel recommend the following procedure to improve the battery
lifetime:
Procedure
¾ Completely charge the battery.
¾
¾
Notes
At least 14h with in-built charger.
This can be performed by using the
Completely discharge the battery.
instrument normally until the instrument is
fully discharged.
Repeat the charge / discharge cycle Four cycles are recommended in order to
at least 2-4 times.
restore the batteries to their normal
capacity.
Notes:
‰
‰
‰
‰
The charger in the instrument is a pack cell charger. This means that the battery
cells are connected in series during the charging. The battery cells have to be
equivalent (same charge condition, same type and age).
One different battery cell can cause an improper charging and incorrect
discharging during normal usage of the entire battery pack (it results in heating of
the battery pack, significantly decreased operation time, reversed polarity of
defective cell,…).
If no improvement is achieved after several charge / discharge cycles, then each
battery cell should be checked (by comparing battery voltages, testing them in a
cell charger, etc). It is very likely that only some of the battery cells are
deteriorated.
The effects described above should not be confused with the normal decrease of
battery capacity over time. Battery also loses some capacity when it is repeatedly
charged / discharged. Actual decreasing of capacity, versus number of charging
cycles, depends on battery type. This information is provided in the technical
specification from battery manufacturer.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Standards applied
2.3 Standards applied
The Eurotest instruments are manufactured and tested in accordance with the following
regulations:
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)
EN 61326
Electrical equipment for measurement, control and laboratory
use – EMC requirements
Class B (Hand-held equipment used in controlled EM environments)
Safety (LVD)
EN 61010-1
Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement, control
and laboratory use – Part 1: General requirements
EN 61010-031
Safety requirements for hand-held probe assemblies for electrical
measurement and test
EN 61010-2-032 Safety requirements for electrical equipment for measurement,
control, and laboratory use - Part 2-032: Particular requirements for
hand-held and hand-manipulated current sensors for electrical test
and measurement
Functionality
EN 61557
Electrical safety in low voltage distribution systems up to 1000 VAC
and 1500 VAC – Equipment for testing, measuring or monitoring of
protective measures
Part 1 General requirements
Part 2 Insulation resistance
Part 3 Loop resistance
Part 4 Resistance of earth connection and equipotential
bonding
Part 5 Resistance to earth (MI 3125B only)
Part 6 Residual current devices (RCDs) in TT and TN systems
Part 7.Phase sequence
Part 10 Combined measuring equipment
Other reference standards for testing RCDs
EN 61008
Residual current operated circuit-breakers without integral overcurrent
protection for household and similar uses
EN 61009
Residual current operated circuit-breakers with integral overcurrent
protection for household and similar uses
EN 60364-4-41
Electrical installations of buildings Part 4-41 Protection for safety –
protection against electric shock
Low-voltage electrical installations – Part 5-52: Selection and erection
EN 60364-5-52
of electrical equipment – Wiring systems
BS 7671
IEE Wiring Regulations (17th edition)
AS / NZ 3760
In-service safety inspection and testing of electrical equipment
Note about EN and IEC standards:
‰ Text of this manual contains references to European standards. All standards of
EN 6XXXX (e.g. EN 61010) series are equivalent to IEC standards with the same
number (e.g. IEC 61010) and differ only in amended parts required by European
harmonization procedure.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Front panel
3 Instrument description
3.1 Front panel
12
1
2
3
4
11
10
5
9
6
7
8
Figure 3.1: Front panel (picture of MI 3125B)
Legend:
* Model MI 3125B
** Model MI 3125
1
2
3
4
5*
5**
LCD
TEST
UP
DOWN
MEM
CAL
128 x 64 dots matrix display with backlight.
Starts measurements.
TEST
Acts also as the PE touching electrode.
Modifies selected parameter.
Store / recall / clear tests in memory of instrument.
Calibrates test leads in Continuity functions.
Starts ZREF measurement in Voltage drop sub-function.
6
Function selectors
Selects test function.
7
Backlight,
Contrast
Changes backlight level and contrast.
8
ON / OFF
Switches the instrument power on or off.
The instrument automatically turns off 15 minutes after the
last key was pressed.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
9*
9**
10
11
12
HELP / CAL
HELP
TAB
PASS
FAIL
Front panel
Accesses help menus.
In RCD Auto toggles between top and bottom parts of results
field.
Calibrates test leads in Continuity functions.
Starts ZREF measurement in Voltage drop sub-function.
Accesses help menus.
In RCD Auto toggles between top and bottom parts of results
field.
Selects the parameters in selected function.
Green indicator
Indicates PASS/ FAIL of result.
Red indicator
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Connector panel
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
3.2 Connector panel
Figure 3.2: Connector panel (picture of MI 3125B)
Legend:
* Model MI 3125B
** Model MI 3125
1
Test connector
2
Protection cover
3
Charger socket
4* USB connector
5*
PS/2 connector
5** PS/2 connector
Measuring inputs / outputs
Communication with PC USB (1.1) port.
Communication with PC serial port and connection to optional
measuring adapters.
Serial port for upgrading the instrument.
Warnings!
‰ Maximum allowed voltage between any test terminal and ground is 600 V!
‰ Maximum allowed voltage between test terminals is 600 V!
‰ Maximum short-term voltage of external power supply adapter is 14 V!
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Back side
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
3.3 Back side
Figure 3.3: Back side
Legend:
1
2
3
4
5
6
Side belt
Battery compartment cover
Fixing screw for battery compartment cover
Back panel information label
Holder for inclined position of the instrument
Magnet for fixing instrument close to tested item (optional)
Figure 3.4: Battery compartment
Legend:
1
2
3
Battery cells
Serial number label
Fuse
Size AA, alkaline or rechargeable NiMH / NiCd
M 0.315 A, 250 V
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Display organization
3.4 Display organization
Function name
Result field
Test parameter field
Message field
Terminal voltage
monitor
Figure 3.5: Typical function
display
Battery indication
3.4.1 Terminal voltage monitor
The terminal voltage monitor displays on-line the voltages on the test terminals and
information about active test terminals.
Online voltages are displayed together with test terminal indication. All
three test terminals are used for selected measurement.
Online voltages are displayed together with test terminal indication. L
and N test terminals are used for selected measurement.
L and PE are active test terminals; N terminal should also be connected
for correct input voltage condition.
3.4.2 Battery indication
The indication indicates the charge condition of battery and connection of external
charger .
Battery capacity indication.
Low battery.
Battery is too weak to guarantee correct result. Replace or
recharge the battery cells.
Recharging in progress (if power supply adapter is connected).
3.4.3 Message field
In the message field warnings and messages are displayed.
Measurement is running, consider displayed warnings.
Conditions on the input terminals allow starting the measurement;
consider other displayed warnings and messages.
Conditions on the input terminals do not allow starting the
measurement, consider displayed warnings and messages.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Display organization
RCD tripped-out during the measurement (in RCD functions).
Instrument is overheated. The measurement is prohibited until the
temperature decreases under the allowed limit.
Result(s) can be stored. (model MI 3125B)
High electrical noise was detected during measurement. Results may
be impaired.
L and N are changed.
Warning! High voltage is applied to the test terminals.
Warning! Dangerous voltage on the PE terminal! Stop the activity
immediately and eliminate the fault / connection problem before
proceeding with any activity!
Test leads resistance in Continuity measurement is not compensated.
Test leads resistance in Continuity measurement is compensated.
High resistance to earth of test probes. Results may be impaired.
(model MI 3125B)
3.4.4 Result field
Measurement result is inside pre-set limits (PASS).
Measurement result is out of pre-set limits (FAIL).
Measurement is aborted. Consider displayed warnings and messages.
3.4.5 Sound warnings
Continuous sound
Warning! Dangerous voltage on the PE terminal is detected.
3.4.6 Help screens
HELP
Opens help screen.
Help menus are available in all functions. The Help menu contains schematic diagrams
for illustrating how to properly connect the instrument to electric installation. After
selecting the measurement you want to perform, press the HELP key in order to view
the associated Help menu.
Keys in help menu:
UP / DOWN
HELP
Function selectors / TEST
Selects next / previous help screen.
Scrolls through help screens.
Exits help menu.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Display organization
Figure 3.6: Examples of help screens
3.4.7 Backlight and contrast adjustments
With the BACKLIGHT key backlight and contrast can be adjusted.
Toggles backlight intensity level.
Locks high intensity backlight level until power is turned off or the
Keep pressed for 1 s
key is pressed again.
Keep pressed for 2 s Bargraph for LCD contrast adjustment is displayed.
Click
Figure 3.7: Contrast adjustment menu
Keys for contrast adjustment:
DOWN
UP
TEST
Function selectors
Reduces contrast.
Increases contrast.
Accepts new contrast.
Exits without changes.
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Instrument set and accessories
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
3.5 Instrument set and accessories
3.5.1 Standard set MI 3125
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
Instrument
Short instruction manual
Calibration Certificate
Mains measuring cable
Test lead.,3 x 1.5 m
Test probe, 3 pcs
Crocodile clip, 3 pcs
Set of NiMH battery cells
Power supply adapter
CD with instruction manual, and “Guide for testing and verification of low
voltage installations” handbook.
Set of carrying straps
3.5.2 Standard set MI 3125B
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
�
Instrument
Short instruction manual
Calibration Certificate
Mains measuring cable
Test lead, 3 x 1.5 m
Test probe, 3 pcs
Crocodile clip, 3 pcs
Set of NiMH battery cells
Power supply adapter
CD with instruction manual, and “Guide for testing and verification of low
voltage installations” handbook and PC software EuroLink PRO
Set of carrying straps
RS232 - PS/2 cable
USB cable
3.5.3 Optional accessories
See the attached sheet for a list of optional accessories that are available on request
from your distributor.
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Function selection
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
4 Instrument operation
4.1 Function selection
For selecting test function the FUNCTION SELECTOR shall be used.
Keys:
Select test / measurement function:
‰
‰
‰
FUNCTION
SELECTOR
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
UP/DOWN
TAB
TEST
MEM
<VOLTAGE TRMS> Voltage and frequency and phase sequence.
<R ISO> Insulation resistance.
<R LOWΩ> Resistance of earth connections and bondings.
<Zline> Line impedance
<Zloop> Fault loop impedance.
<RCD> RCD testing.
<EARTH RE> Resistance to earth (model MI 3125B).
<SETTINGS> General instrument settings.
Selects sub-function in selected measurement function.
Selects the test parameter to be set or modified.
Runs selected test / measurement function.
Stores measured results / recalls stored results (model MI 3125B).
Keys in test parameter field:
UP/DOWN
TAB
FUNCTION SELECTOR
MEM
Changes the selected parameter.
Selects the next measuring parameter.
Toggles between the main functions.
Stores measured results / recalls stored results
(model MI 3125B).
General rule regarding enabling parameters for evaluation of measurement / test result:
Parameter
OFF
ON
No limit values, indication: _ _ _.
Value(s) – results will be marked as PASS or FAIL in
accordance with selected limit.
See Chapter 5 for more information about the operation of the instrument test functions.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Settings
4.2 Settings
Different instrument options can be set in the SETTINGS menu.
Options in both models are:
‰ Selection of language,
‰ Setting the instrument to initial
values,
‰ Selection of reference standard for
RCD test,
‰ Entering Isc factor,
‰ Commander support.
Additional options in model MI 3125B are:
‰ Recalling and clearing stored results,
‰ Setting the date and time,
Figure 4.1: Options in Settings menu
Keys:
UP / DOWN
TEST
Function selectors
Selects appropriate option.
Enters selected option.
Exits back to main function menu.
4.2.1 Language
In this menu the language can be set.
Figure 4.2: Language selection
Keys:
UP / DOWN
TEST
Function selectors
Selects language.
Confirms selected language and exits to settings menu.
Exits back to main function menu.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Settings
4.2.2 Initial settings
In this menu the instrument settings and
measurement parameters and limits can be
set to initial (factory) values.
Figure 4.3: Initial settings dialogue
Keys:
TEST
Function selectors
Restores default settings.
Exits back to main function menu without changes.
Warning:
‰
‰
Customized settings will be lost when this option is used!
If the batteries are removed for more than 1 minute the custom made settings will
be lost.
The default setup is listed below:
* model MI 3125B
Instrument setting
Contrast
Isc factor
RCD standards
Language
Commander
Function
Sub-function
EARTH RE*
R ISO
Low Ohm Resistance
R LOWΩ
CONTINUITY*
Z - LINE
VOLTAGE DROP
Z - LOOP
Zs rcd
RCD
Default value
As defined and stored by adjustment procedure
1.00
EN 61008 / EN 61009
English
Enabled
Parameters / limit value
No limit
No limit
Utest = 500 V
No limit
No limit
Fuse type: none selected
ΔU: 4.0 %
ZREF: 0.00 Ω
Fuse type: none selected
Fuse type: none selected
RCD t
Nominal differential current: IΔN=30 mA
RCD type: G
(0°)
Test current starting polarity:
Limit contact voltage: 50 V
Current multiplier: ×1
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Note:
‰
Settings
Initial settings (reset of the instrument) can be recalled also if the TAB key is
pressed while the instrument is switched on.
4.2.3 Memory (model MI 3125B)
In this menu the stored data can be recalled
and deleted. See chapter 6 Data handling for
more information.
Figure 4.4: Memory options
Keys:
UP / DOWN
TEST
Function selectors
Selects option.
Enters selected option.
Exits back to main function menu.
4.2.4 Date and time (model MI 3125B)
In this menu date and time can be set.
Figure 4.5: Setting date and time
Keys:
TAB
UP / DOWN
TEST
Function
selectors
Selects the field to be changed.
Modifies selected field.
Confirms new setup and exits.
Exits back to main function menu.
Warning:
‰ If the batteries are removed for more than 1 minute the set time and date will be
lost.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Settings
4.2.5 RCD standard
In this menu the used standard for RCD
tests can be set.
Figure 4.6: Selection of RCD test
standard
Keys:
Selects standard.
UP / DOWN
Confirms selected standard.
TEST
Exits back to main function menu.
Function selectors
Maximum RCD disconnection times differ in various standards.
The trip-out times defined in individual standards are listed below.
Trip-out times according to EN 61008 / EN 61009:
½×IΔN*)
IΔN
2×IΔN
5×IΔN
General RCDs
tΔ > 300 ms
tΔ < 300 ms
tΔ < 150 ms
tΔ < 40 ms
(non-delayed)
Selective RCDs
tΔ > 500 ms 130 ms < tΔ < 500 ms 60 ms < tΔ < 200 ms 50 ms < tΔ < 150 ms
(time-delayed)
Trip-out times according to EN 60364-4-41:
½×IΔN*)
IΔN
2×IΔN
5×IΔN
General RCDs
tΔ > 999 ms
tΔ < 999 ms
tΔ < 150 ms
tΔ < 40 ms
(non-delayed)
Selective RCDs
tΔ > 999 ms 130 ms < tΔ < 999 ms 60 ms < tΔ < 200 ms 50 ms < tΔ < 150 ms
(time-delayed)
Trip-out times according to BS 7671:
½×IΔN*)
IΔN
2×IΔN
5×IΔN
General RCDs
tΔ > 1999 ms
tΔ < 300 ms
tΔ < 150 ms
tΔ < 40 ms
(non-delayed)
Selective RCDs
tΔ > 1999 ms 130 ms < tΔ < 500 ms 60 ms < tΔ < 200 ms 50 ms < tΔ < 150 ms
(time-delayed)
Trip-out times according to AS/NZ**):
RCD type IΔN [mA]
I
≤ 10
II
> 10 ≤ 30
III
> 30
IV S
*)
> 30
½×IΔN*)
tΔ
> 999 ms
> 999 ms
IΔN
tΔ
40 ms
300 ms
300 ms
500 ms
130 ms
2×IΔN
5×IΔN
tΔ
tΔ
40 ms
40 ms
150 ms 40 ms
150 ms 40 ms
200 ms 150 ms
60 ms
50 ms
Note
Maximum break time
Minimum non-actuating time
Minimum test period for current of ½×IΔN, RCD shall not trip-out.
**)
Test current and measurement accuracy correspond to AS/NZ requirements.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Settings
Maximum test times related to selected test current for general (non-delayed) RCD
½×IΔN
IΔN
2×IΔN
5×IΔN
Standard
EN 61008 / EN 61009
300 ms
300 ms
150 ms
40 ms
EN 60364-4-41
1000 ms
1000 ms
150 ms
40 ms
BS 7671
2000 ms
300 ms
150 ms
40 ms
AS/NZ (I, II, III)
1000 ms
1000 ms
150 ms
40 ms
Maximum test times related to selected test current for selective (time-delayed) RCD
½×IΔN
IΔN
2×IΔN
5×IΔN
Standard
EN 61008 / EN 61009
500 ms
500 ms
200 ms
150 ms
EN 60364-4-41
1000 ms
1000 ms
200 ms
150 ms
BS 7671
2000 ms
500 ms
200 ms
150 ms
AS/NZ (IV)
1000 ms
1000 ms
200 ms
150 ms
4.2.6 Isc factor
In this menu the Isc factor for calculation of
short circuit current in Z-LINE and Z-LOOP
measurements can be set.
Figure 4.7: Selection of Isc factor
Keys:
UP / DOWN
TEST
Function selectors
Sets Isc value.
Confirms Isc value.
Exits back to main function menu.
Short circuit current Isc in the supply system is important for selection or verification of
protective circuit breakers (fuses, over-current breaking devices, RCDs).
The default value of Isc factor (ksc) is 1.00. The value should be set according to local
regulative.
Range for adjustment of the Isc factor is 0.20 ÷ 3.00.
4.2.7 Commander support
The support for remote commanders can be
switched On/ Off in this menu.
Figure 4.8: Selection of commander
support
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Settings
Keys:
UP / DOWN
TEST
Function selectors
Note:
‰
Selects commander option.
Confirms selected option.
Exits back to main function menu.
This option is intended to disable the commander’s remote keys. In the case of
high EM interfering noise the operation of the commander’s key can be irregular.
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Voltage, frequency, phase sequence
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
5 Measurements
5.1 Voltage, frequency and phase sequence
Voltage and frequency measurement is always active in the terminal voltage monitor. In
the special VOLTAGE TRMS menu the measured voltage, frequency and information
about detected three-phase connection can be stored. Phase sequence measurement
conforms to the EN 61557-7 standard.
See chapter 4.1 Function selection for instructions on
key functionality.
Figure 5.1: Voltage in single
phase system
Test parameters for voltage measurement
There are no parameters to set.
result 1.2.3
L/L1
N/L2
PE/L3
L/L1
N/L2
L3
L2
L1
N
PE
PE/L3
Connections for voltage measurement
result 2.1.3
Figure 5.2: Connection of 3-wire test lead and optional adapter in three-phase system
N
Ro
1
PE
N/L2
L/L
PE/L3
PE/L3
N/L2
L/L1
L1
L2
L3
N
PE
L
RE
Figure 5.3: Connection of plug commander and 3-wire test lead in single-phase system
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Voltage, frequency, phase sequence
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Voltage measurement procedure
* model MI 3125B
‰ Select the VOLTAGE TRMS function using the function selector switch.
‰ Connect test cable to the instrument.
‰ Connect test leads to the item to be tested (see figures 5.2 and 5.3).
‰ Store voltage measurement result by pressing the MEM key (optional)*.
Measurement runs immediately after selection of VOLTAGE TRMS function.
Figure 5.4: Examples of voltage measurement in three-phase system
Displayed results for single phase system:
Uln...........Voltage between phase and neutral conductors,
Ulpe.........Voltage between phase and protective conductors,
Unpe........Voltage between neutral and protective conductors,
f ...............frequency.
Displayed results for three-phase system:
U12..........Voltage between phases L1 and L2,
U13..........Voltage between phases L1 and L3,
U23..........Voltage between phases L2 and L3,
1.2.3 ........Correct connection – CW rotation sequence,
3.2.1 ........Invalid connection – CCW rotation sequence,
f ...............frequency.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Insulation resistance
5.2 Insulation resistance
The Insulation resistance measurement is performed in order to ensure safety against
electric shock through insulation. It is covered by the EN 61557-2 standard. Typical
applications are:
‰ Insulation resistance between conductors of installation,
‰ Insulation resistance of non-conductive rooms (walls and floors),
‰ Insulation resistance of ground cables,
‰ Resistance of semi-conductive (antistatic) floors.
See chapter 4.1 Function selection for instructions on
key functionality.
Figure 5.5: Insulation resistance
Test parameters for insulation resistance measurement
Uiso
Limit
Test voltage [50 V, 100 V, 250 V, 500 V, 1000 V]
Minimum insulation resistance [OFF, 0.01 MΩ ÷ 200 MΩ]
mains voltage
switched off
closed
switches
N/L2
PE/L3
L1
L2
L3
N
PE
L/L1
Test circuits for insulation resistance
loads disconnected
Figure 5.6: Connections for insulation measurement
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Insulation resistance
Insulation resistance measuring procedure
* model MI 3125B
‰ Select the INS function using the function selector switch.
‰ Set the required test voltage.
‰ Enable and set limit value (optional).
‰ Disconnect tested installation from mains supply (and discharge insulation as
required).
‰ Connect test cable to the instrument and to the item to be tested (see figure 5.6).
‰ Press the TEST key to perform the measurement (double click for continuous
measurement and later press to stop the measurement).
‰ After the measurement is finished wait until tested item is fully discharged.
‰ Store the result by pressing the MEM key (optional)*.
Figure 5.7: Example of insulation resistance measurement result
Displayed results:
R.........................Insulation resistance
Um......................Test voltage – actual value.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
5.3 Resistance
bonding
of
earth
Resistance of earth connection
connection
and
equipotential
The resistance measurement is performed in order to ensure that the protective
measures against electric shock through earth connections and bondings are effective.
Two sub-functions are available:
‰
‰
R LOWΩ - Earth bond resistance measurement according to EN 61557-4 (200
mA),
CONTINUITY - Continuous resistance measurement performed with 7 mA
(model MI 3125B).
See chapter 4.1 Function selection for instructions on
key functionality.
Figure 5.8: 200 mA RLOW Ω
Test parameters for resistance measurement
* model MI 3125B
TEST
Resistance measurement sub-function [R LOWΩ, CONTINUITY*]
Limit
Maximum resistance [OFF, 0.1 Ω ÷ 20.0 Ω]
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Resistance of earth connection
5.3.1 R LOWΩ, 200 mA resistance measurement
The resistance measurement is performed with automatic polarity reversal of the test
voltage.
Test circuit for R LOWΩ measurement
Figure 5.9: Connection of 3-wire test lead plus optional extension lead
Resistance to earth connection and equipotential bonding measurement procedure
* model MI 3125B
‰ Select continuity function using the function selector switch.
‰ Set sub-function to R LOWΩ.
‰ Enable and set limit (optional).
‰ Connect test cable to the instrument.
‰ Compensate the test leads resistance (if necessary, see section 5.3.3).
‰ Disconnect from mains supply and discharge installation to be tested.
‰ Connect the test leads to the appropriate PE wiring (see figure 5.9).
‰ Press the TEST key to perform the measurement.
‰ After the measurement is finished store the result by pressing the MEM button
(optional)*.
Figure 5.10: Example of RLOW result
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Resistance of earth connection
Displayed result:
R................R LOWΩ resistance.
R+..............Result at positive polarity
R-...............Result at negative test polarity
5.3.2 Continuous resistance measurement with low current (model MI 3125B)
In general, this function serves as standard Ω-meter with a low testing current. The
measurement is performed continuously without polarity reversal. The function can also
be applied for testing continuity of inductive components.
Test circuit for continuous resistance measurement
Figure 5.11: 3-wire test lead application
Continuous resistance measurement procedure
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
Select continuity function using the function selector switch.
Set sub-function CONTINUITY.
Enable and set the limit (optional).
Connect test cable to the instrument.
Compensate test leads resistance (if necessary, see section 5.3.3).
Disconnect from mains supply and discharge the object to be tested.
Connect test leads to the tested object (see figure 5.11).
Press the TEST key to begin performing a continuous measurement.
Press the TEST key to stop measurement.
After the measurement is finished, store the result (optional).
Figure 5.12: Example of continuous resistance measurement
Displayed result:
R............Resistance
Note:
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
‰
Resistance of earth connection
Continuous buzzer sound indicates that measured resistance is less than 2 Ω.
5.3.3 Compensation of test leads resistance
This chapter describes how to compensate the test leads resistance in both continuity
functions, R LOWΩ and CONTINUITY (model MI 3125B). Compensation is required to
eliminate the influence of test leads resistance and the internal resistances of the
instrument on the measured resistance. The lead compensation is therefore a very
important feature to obtain correct result.
Each of R LOWΩ and CONTINUITY (model MI 3125B) has own compensation.
symbol is displayed if the compensation was carried out successfully.
Circuits for compensating the resistance of test leads
N/L2
PE/L3
N/L2
PE/L3
L/L1
L/L1
prolongation lead
Figure 5.13: Shorted test leads
Compensation of test leads resistance procedure
‰
‰
‰
‰
Select R LOWΩ or CONTINUITY (model MI 3125B) function.
Connect test cable to the instrument and short the test leads together (see figure
5.13).
Press TEST to perform resistance measurement.
Press the CAL key to compensate leads resistance.
Figure 5.14: Results with old calibration
values
Note:
‰
Figure 5.15: Results with new calibration
values
The highest value for lead compensation is 5 Ω. If the resistance is higher the
compensation value is set back to default value.
is displayed if no calibration value is stored.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Testing RCD
5.4 Testing RCDs
Various test and measurements are required for verification of RCD(s) in RCD protected
installations. Measurements are based on the EN 61557-6 standard.
The following measurements and tests (sub-functions) can be performed:
‰ Contact voltage,
‰ Trip-out time,
‰ Trip-out current,
‰ RCD autotest.
See chapter 4.1 Function selection for instructions on
key functionality.
Figure 5.16: RCD test
Test parameters for RCD test and measurement
RCD sub-function test [RCDt, RCD I, AUTO, Uc].
Rated RCD residual current sensitivity IΔN [10 mA, 30 mA, 100 mA, 300 mA,
500 mA, 1000 mA].
type
RCD type [ , ], test current waveform plus starting polarity [ , , , ,
*,
*].
MUL
Multiplication factor for test current [½, 1, 2, 5 IΔN].
Ulim
Conventional touch voltage limit [25 V, 50 V].
* Model MI 3125B
TEST
IΔN
Notes:
‰ Ulim can be selected in the Uc sub-function only.
The instrument is intended for testing of General (non-delayed) and S elective (timedelayed) RCDs, which are suited for:
‰
‰
‰
‰
Alternating residual current (AC type, marked with
symbol),
Pulsating residual current (A type, marked with
symbol).
Pulsating residual current (A type, marked with
symbol).
Model 3125B: DC residual current (B type, marked with
symbol).
Time delayed RCDs have delayed response characteristics. As the contact voltage pretest or other RCD tests influence the time delayed RCD it takes a certain period to
recover into normal state. Therefore a time delay of 30 s is inserted before performing
trip-out test by default.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Testing RCD
Connections for testing RCD
L1
L2
L3
N
PE
N/L2
PE/L3
L/L
1
N
Ro
PE
L
RE
Figure 5.17: Connecting the plug commander and the 3-wire test lead
5.4.1 Contact voltage (RCD Uc)
A current flowing into the PE terminal causes a voltage drop on earth resistance, i.e.
voltage difference between PE equipotential bonding circuit and earth. This voltage
difference is called contact voltage and is present on all accessible conductive parts
connected to the PE. It shall always be lower than the conventional safety limit voltage.
The contact voltage is measured with a test current lower than ½ IΔN to avoid trip-out of
the RCD and then normalized to the rated IΔN.
Contact voltage measurement procedure
* model MI 3125B
‰ Select the RCD function using the function selector switch.
‰ Set sub-function Uc.
‰ Set test parameters (if necessary).
‰ Connect test cable to the instrument.
‰ Connect test leads to the item to be tested (see figure 5.17).
‰ Press the TEST key to perform the measurement.
‰ Store the result by pressing the MEM key (optional)*.
The contact voltage result relates to the rated nominal residual current of the RCD and
is multiplied by an appropriate factor (depending on RCD type and type of test current).
The 1.05 factor is applied to avoid negative tolerance of result. See table 5.1 for detailed
contact voltage calculation factors.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
RCD type
AC
AC
A
A
A
A
B
B
G
S
G
S
G
S
G
S
Testing RCD
Contact voltage Uc
proportional to
1.05×IΔN
2×1.05×IΔN
1.4×1.05×IΔN
2×1.4×1.05×IΔN
2×1.05×IΔN
2×2×1.05×IΔN
2×1.05×IΔN
2×2×1.05×IΔN
Rated IΔN
any
≥ 30 mA
Both models
< 30 mA
any
Model 3125B only
Table 5.1: Relationship between Uc and IΔN
Loop resistance is indicative and calculated from Uc result (without additional
U
proportional factors) according to: RL = C .
I ΔN
UK version
Figure 5.18: Example of contact voltage measurement results
Displayed results:
Uc........Contact voltage.
Rl.........Fault loop resistance.
5.4.2 Trip-out time (RCDt)
Trip-out time measurement verifies the sensitivity of the RCD at different residual
currents.
Trip-out time measurement procedure
* model MI 3125B
‰ Select the RCD function using the function selector switch.
‰ Set sub-function RCDt.
‰ Set test parameters (if necessary).
‰ Connect test cable to the instrument.
‰ Connect test leads to the item to be tested (see figure 5.17).
‰ Press the TEST key to perform the measurement.
‰ Store the result by pressing the MEM key (optional)*.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Testing RCD
Figure 5.19: Example of trip-out time measurement results
Displayed results:
t ...........Trip-out time,
Uc........Contact voltage for rated IΔN.
5.4.3 Trip-out current (RCD I)
A continuously rising residual current is intended for testing the threshold sensitivity for
RCD trip-out. The instrument increases the test current in small steps through
appropriate range as follows:
Slope range
Start value End value
AC
0.2×IΔN
1.1×IΔN
A (IΔN ≥ 30 mA)
0.2×IΔN
1.5×IΔN
A (IΔN = 10 mA)
0.2×IΔN
2.2×IΔN
B
0.2×IΔN
2.2×IΔN
RCD type
Waveform
Sine
Note
Both models
Pulsed
DC
Model MI 3125B only
Maximum test current is IΔ (trip-out current) or end value in case the RCD didn’t trip-out.
Trip-out current measurement procedure
* model MI 3125B
‰ Select the RCD function using the function selector switch.
‰ Set sub-function RCD I.
‰ Set test parameters (if necessary).
‰ Connect test cable to the instrument.
‰ Connect test leads to the item to be tested (see figure 5.17).
‰ Press the TEST key to perform the measurement.
‰ Store the result by pressing the MEM key (optional)*.
Trip-out
After the RCD is turned on again
Figure 5.20: Trip-out current measurement result example
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Testing RCD
Displayed results:
I ...........Trip-out current,
Uci
Contact voltage at trip-out current I or end value in case the RCD didn’t
trip,
t ...........Trip-out time.
5.4.4 RCD Autotest
RCD autotest function is intended to perform a complete RCD test (trip-out time at
different residual currents, trip-out current and contact voltage) in one set of automatic
tests, guided by the instrument.
Additional key:
HELP / DISPLAY
Toggles between top and bottom part of results field.
RCD autotest procedure
* model MI 3125B
RCD Autotest steps
‰ Select the RCD function using the function selector switch.
‰ Set sub-function AUTO.
‰ Set test parameters (if necessary).
‰ Connect test cable to the instrument.
‰ Connect test leads to the to the item to be tested (see
figure 5.17).
‰ Press the TEST key to perform the test.
‰ Test with IΔN, 0° (step 1).
‰ Re-activate RCD.
‰ Test with IΔN, 180° (step 2).
‰ Re-activate RCD.
‰ Test with 5×IΔN, 0° (step 3).
‰ Re-activate RCD.
‰ Test with 5×IΔN, 180° (step 4).
‰ Re-activate RCD.
‰ Test with ½×IΔN, 0° (step 5).
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
Test with ½×IΔN, 180° (step 6).
Trip-out current test, 0° (step 7).
Re-activate RCD.
Trip-out current test, 180° (step 8).
Re-activate RCD.
Store the result by pressing the MEM key (optional)*.
Notes
Start of test
RCD should trip-out
RCD should trip-out
RCD should trip-out
RCD should trip-out
RCD should not tripout
RCD should not tripout
RCD should trip-out
RCD should trip-out
End of test
Result examples:
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Testing RCD
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Step 5
Step 6
Step 7
Step 8
Figure 5.21: Individual steps in RCD autotest
Top
Bottom
Figure 5.22: Two parts of result field in RCD autotest
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Testing RCD
Displayed results:
, IΔN, 0º),
x1 ........Step 1 trip-out time (
x1 ........Step 2 trip-out time (
, IΔN, 180º),
, 5×IΔN, 0º),
x5 ........Step 3 trip-out time (
x5 ........Step 4 trip-out time (
, 5×IΔN, 180º),
x½ .......Step 5 trip-out time (
, ½×IΔN, 0º),
x½ .......Step 6 trip-out time (
, ½×IΔN, 180º),
I .........Step 7 trip-out current (0º),
I .........Step 8 trip-out current (180º),
Uc........Contact voltage for rated IΔN.
Notes:
‰ The autotest sequence is immediately stopped if any incorrect condition is
detected, e.g. excessive Uc or trip-out time out of bounds.
‰ Auto test is finished without x5 tests in case of testing the RCD type A with rated
residual currents of IΔn = 300 mA, 500 mA, and 1000 mA. In this case auto test
result passes if all other results pass, and indications for x5 are omitted.
‰ Tests for sensitivity (IΔ, steps 7 and 8) are omitted for selective type RCD.
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Fault loop impedance
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
5.5 Fault loop impedance and prospective fault current
Fault loop is a loop comprised by mains source, line wiring and PE return path to the
mains source. The instrument measures the impedance of the loop and calculates the
short circuit current. The measurement is covered by requirements of the EN 61557-3
standard.
See chapter 4.1 Function selection for
instructions on key functionality.
Figure 5.23: Fault loop impedance
Test parameters for fault loop impedance measurement
Test
Selection of fault loop impedance sub-function [Zloop, Zs rcd]
Fuse type
Selection of fuse type [---, NV, gG, B, C, K, D]
Fuse I
Rated current of selected fuse
Fuse T
Maximum breaking time of selected fuse
Lim
Minimum short circuit current for selected fuse.
See Appendix A for reference fuse data.
Circuits for measurement of fault loop impedance
L1
L2
L3
N
PE
N/L2
PE/L3
L/L
1
N
Ro
PE
L
RE
Figure 5.24: Connection of plug cable and 3-wire test lead
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Fault loop impedance
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Fault loop impedance measurement procedure
* model MI 3125B
‰ Select the Zloop or Zs rcd sub-function using the function selector switch and
¿/À keys
‰ Select test parameters (optional).
‰ Connect test cable to the Eurotest Combo.
‰ Connect test leads to the item to be tested (see figure 5.24 and 5.17).
‰ Press the TEST key to perform the measurement.
‰ Store the result by pressing the MEM key (optional)*.
Figure 5.25: Examples of loop impedance measurement result
Displayed results:
Z ..............Fault loop impedance,
ISC ............Prospective fault current,
Lim ..........Low limit prospective short-circuit current value or high limit fault loop
impedance value for the UK version.
Prospective fault current ISC is calculated from measured impedance as follows:
ISC =
Un × kSC
Z
where:
Un ........ Nominal UL-PE voltage (see table below),
ksc ....... Correction factor for Isc (see chapter 4.2.6).
Un Input voltage range (L-PE)
110 V
(93 V ≤ UL-PE < 134 V)
230 V (185 V ≤ UL-PE ≤ 266 V)
Notes:
‰ High fluctuations of mains voltage can influence the measurement results (the
is displayed in the message field). In this case it is recommended
noise sign
to repeat few measurements to check if the readings are stable.
‰ This measurement will trip-out the RCD in RCD-protected electrical installation if
test Zloop is selected.
‰ Select Zs rcd to prevent trip-out of RCD in RCD protected installation.
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Line impedance
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
5.6 Line impedance and prospective short-circuit current /
Voltage drop
Line impedance is measured in loop comprising of mains voltage source and line wiring.
Line impedance is covered by the requirements of the EN 61557-3 standard.
The Voltage drop sub-function is intended to check that a voltage in the installation
stays above acceptable levels if the highest current is flowing in the circuit. The highest
current is defined as the nominal current of the circuit's fuse. The limit values are
described in the standard EN 60364-5-52.
Sub-functions:
‰
‰
Z LINE- Line impedance measurement according to EN 61557-3,
ΔU – Voltage drop measurement.
See chapter 4.1 Function selection for instructions on
key functionality.
Figure 5.26: Line impedance
Figure 5.27: Voltage drop
Test parameters for line impedance measurement
Test
Selection of line impedance [Zline] or voltage drop [ΔU] sub-function
FUSE type
Selection of fuse type [---, NV, gG, B, C, K, D]
FUSE I
Rated current of selected fuse
FUSE T
Maximum breaking time of selected fuse
Lim
Minimum short circuit current for selected fuse.
See Appendix A for reference fuse data.
Additional test parameters for voltage drop measurement
ΔUMAX
Maximum voltage drop [3.0 % ÷ 9.0 %].
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Line impedance
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
5.6.1 Line impedance and prospective short circuit current
Circuits for measurement of line impedance
PE/L3
N
Ro
PE
N/L2
L/L
1
L/L1
N/L2
PE/L3
L1
L2
L3
N
PE
L
RE
Figure 5.28: Phase-neutral or phase-phase line impedance measurement – connection
of plug commander and 3-wire test lead
Line impedance measurement procedure
* model MI 3125B
‰ Select the Z-LINE sub-function.
‰ Select test parameters (optional).
‰ Connect test cable to the instrument.
‰ Connect test leads to the item to be tested (see figure 5.28).
‰ Press the TEST key to perform the measurement.
‰ Store the result by pressing the MEM key (optional)*.
Line to neutral
Line to line
Figure 5.29: Examples of line impedance measurement result
Displayed results:
Z ..............Line impedance,
ISC ............Prospective short-circuit current,
Lim ..........Low limit prospective short-circuit current value or high limit line
impedance value for the UK version.
Prospective short circuit current is calculated as follows:
ISC =
Un × kSC
Z
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Line impedance
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
where:
Un ........ Nominal L-N or L1-L2 voltage (see table below),
ksc ....... Correction factor for Isc (see chapter 4.2.6).
Un Input voltage range (L-N or L1-L2)
110 V
(93 V ≤ UL-PE < 134 V)
230 V
(185 V ≤ UL-PE ≤ 266 V)
400 V
(321 V < UL-N ≤ 485 V)
Note:
‰
High fluctuations of mains voltage can influence the measurement results (the
noise sign
is displayed in the message field). In this case it is recommended
to repeat few measurements to check if the readings are stable.
5.6.2 Voltage drop
The voltage drop is calculated based on the difference of line impedance at connection
points (sockets) and the line impedance at the reference point (usually the impedance
at the switchboard).
Circuits for measurement for voltage drop
L1
L2
L3
N
PE
PE
N
L1/L2/L3
N
PE
L1/L2/L3
N
PE
L3
L2
L1
Ro RE
Step 1
Step 2
Figure 5.30: Phase-neutral or phase-phase voltage drop measurement – connection of
plug commander and 3-wire test lead
Voltage drop measurement procedure
Step 1: Measuring the impedance Zref at origin
‰ Select the ΔU sub-function using the function selector switch and ¿/À keys.
‰ Select test parameters (optional).
‰ Connect test cable to the instrument.
‰ Connect the test leads to the origin of electrical installation (see figure 5.30).
‰ Press the CAL key to perform the measurement.
Step 2: Measuring the voltage drop
‰ Select the ΔU sub-function using the function selector switch and ¿/À keys.
‰ Select test parameters (Fuse type must be selected).
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Line impedance
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Connect test cable or plug commander to the instrument.
Connect the test leads to the tested points (see figure 5.30).
‰ Press the TEST key to perform the measurement.
‰ Store the result by pressing the MEM key (optional)*.
* model MI 3125B
‰
‰
Step 1 - Zref
Step 2 - Voltage drop
Figure 5.31: Examples of voltage drop measurement result
Displayed results:
ΔU ...........Voltage drop,
ISC ............Prospective short-circuit current,
Z ..............Line impedance at measured point,
Zref..........Reference impedance
Voltage drop is calculated as follows:
ΔU [% ] =
( Z − Z REF ) ⋅ I N
⋅ 100
UN
where:
ΔU........ calculated voltage drop
Z………impedance at test point
ZREF…...impedance at reference point
IN………rated current of selected fuse
UN…….nominal voltage (see table below)
Note:
‰
‰
‰
‰
Un Input voltage range (L-N or L1-L2)
110 V
(93 V ≤ UL-PE < 134 V)
230 V
(185 V ≤ UL-PE ≤ 266 V)
400 V
(321 V < UL-N ≤ 485 V)
If the reference impedance is not set the value of ZREF is considered as 0.00 Ω.
The ZREF is cleared (set to 0.00 Ω) if pressing CAL key while instrument is not
connected to a voltage source.
ISC is calculated as described in chapter 5.6.1 Line impedance and prospective
short circuit current.
If the measured voltage is outside the ranges described in the table above the
ΔU result will not be calculated.
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Line impedance
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
‰
High fluctuations of mains voltage can influence the measurement results (the
is displayed in the message field). In this case it is recommended
noise sign
to repeat few measurements to check if the readings are stable.
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Earth resistance
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
5.7 Earth resistance (model MI 3125B)
Earth resistance is one of the most important parameters for protection against electric
shock. Main earthing arrangements, lightning systems, local earthings, etc can be
verified with the earthing resistance test. The measurement conforms to the EN 615575 standard.
See chapter 4.1 Function selection for instructions on
key functionality.
Figure 5.32: Earth resistance
Test parameters for earth resistance measurement
Limit
Maximum resistance OFF, 1 Ω ÷ 5 kΩ
Connections for earth resistance measurement
Figure 5.33: Resistance to earth, measurement of main installation earthing
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Line impedance
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Figure 5.34: Resistance to earth, measurement of a lighting protection system
Earth resistance measurements, common measurement procedure
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
Select EARTH function using the function selector switch.
Enable and set limit value (optional).
Connect test leads to the instrument
Connect the item to be tested (see figures 5.33, 5.34).
Press the TEST key to perform the measurement..
Store the result by pressing the MEM key (optional).
Figure 5.35: Example of earth resistance measurement result
Displayed results for earth resistance measurement:
R..............Earth resistance,
Rp............Resistance of S (potential) probe,
Rc............Resistance of H (current) probe.
Notes:
‰ High resistance of S and H probes could influence the measurement results. In
this case, “Rp” and “Rc” warnings are displayed. There is no pass / fail indication
in this case.
‰ High noise currents and voltages in earth could influence the measurement
results. The tester displays the “noise” warning in this case.
‰ Probes must be placed at sufficient distance from the measured object.
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PE test terminal
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
5.8 PE test terminal
It can happen that a dangerous voltage is applied to the PE wire or other accessible
metal parts. This is a very dangerous situation since the PE wire and MPEs are
considered to be earthed. An often reason for this fault is incorrect wiring (see examples
below).
When touching the TEST key in all functions that require mains supply the user
automatically performs this test.
Examples for application of PE test terminal
L1
N
PE
Reversed phase and
protection conductors!
THE MOST DANGEROUS
SITUATION!
Figure 5.36: Reversed L and PE conductors (application of plug commander)
L1
N
PE
PE/L3
N/L2
Reversed phase and
protection conductors!
L/
L1
N
MOST DANGEROUS
SITUATION!
PE
L
Figure 5.37: Reversed L and PE conductors (application of 3-wire test lead)
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PE test terminal
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
PE terminal test procedure
‰
‰
‰
‰
Connect test cable to the instrument.
Connect test leads to the item to be tested (see figures 5.36 and 5.37).
Touch PE test probe (the TEST key) for at least one second.
If PE terminal is connected to phase voltage the warning message is displayed,
instrument buzzer is activated, and further measurements are disabled in ZLOOP and RCD functions.
Warning:
‰ If dangerous voltage is detected on the tested PE terminal, immediately stop all
measurements, find and remove the fault!
Notes:
‰ In the SETTINGS and VOLTAGE TRMS menus the PE terminal is not tested.
‰ PE test terminal does not operate in case the operator’s body is completely
insulated from floor or walls!
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Memory organization
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
6 Data handling (model MI 3125B)
6.1 Memory organization
Measurement results together with all relevant parameters can be stored in the
instrument’s memory. After the measurement is completed, results can be stored to the
flash memory of the instrument, together with the sub-results and function parameters.
6.2 Data structure
The instrument’s memory place is divided into 3 levels each containing 199 locations.
The number of measurements that can be stored into one location is not limited.
The data structure field describes the location of the measurement (which object,
block, fuse) and where can be accessed.
In the measurement field there is information about type and number of measurements
that belong to the selected structure element (object and block and fuse).
The main advantages of this system are:
‰ Test results can be organized and grouped in a structured manner that reflects
the structure of typical electrical installations.
‰ Customized names of data structure elements can be uploaded from
EurolinkPRO PCSW.
‰ Simple browsing through structure and results.
‰ Test reports can be created with no or little modifications after downloading
results to a PC.
Figure 6.1: Data structure and measurement fields
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Memory organization
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Data structure field
Memory operation menu
Data structure field
1st level:
OBJECT: Default location name (object and its
successive number).
nd
‰ 2
level:
BLOCK: Default location name (block and its
successive number).
rd
‰ 3 level:
FUSE: Default location name (fuse and its successive
number).
‰ 001: No. of selected element.
No. of measurements in selected location
[No. of measurements in selected location and its sublocations]
‰
Measurement field
Type of stored measurement in the selected location.
No. of selected test result / No. of all stored test results in
selected location.
55
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Storing test results
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
6.3 Storing test results
After the completion of a test the results and parameters are ready for storing (
icon
is displayed in the information field). By pressing the MEM key, the user can store the
results.
Figure 6.2: Save test menu
Memory available for storing results.
Keys in save test menu - data structure field:
Selects the location element (Object / Block / Fuse)
Selects number of selected location element (1 to 199)
Saves test results to the selected location and returns to the
MEM
measuring menu.
Function selectors Exits back to main function menu.
/
TEST
TAB
UP / DOWN
Notes:
‰ The instrument offers to store the result to the last selected location by default.
‰ If the measurement is to be stored to the same location as the previous one just
press the MEM key twice
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Recalling test results
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
6.4 Recalling test results
Press the MEM key in a main function menu when there is no result available for storing
or select MEMORY in the SETTINGS menu.
Figure 6.3: Recall menu - installation
structure field selected
Figure 6.4: Recall menu - measurements
field selected
Keys in recall memory menu (installation structure field selected):
TAB
UP / DOWN
Function selectors /
TEST
MEM
Selects the location element (Object / Block / Fuse).
Enters measurements field.
Selects the location element in selected level.
Exits back to main function menu.
Enters measurements field.
Keys in recall memory menu (measurements field):
UP / DOWN
TAB
Function selector /
TEST
MEM
Selects the stored measurement.
Returns to installation structure field.
Exits back to main function menu.
View selected measurement results.
Figure 6.5: Example of recalled measurement result
Keys in recall memory menu (measurement results are displayed)
UP / DOWN
MEM
Function
selector
TEST
/
Displays measurement results stored in selected location
Returns to measurements field.
Exits back to main function menu.
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Clearing stored data
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
6.5 Clearing stored data
6.5.1 Clearing complete memory content
Select CLEAR ALL MEMORY in MEMORY menu. A warning will be displayed.
Figure 6.6: Clear all memory
Keys in clear all memory menu
TEST
Function
selectors
Confirms clearing of complete memory content.
Exits back to main function menu without changes.
Figure 6.7: Clearing memory in progress
6.5.2 Clearing measurement(s) in selected location
Select DELETE RESULTS in MEMORY menu.
Figure 6.8: Clear measurements menu (data structure field selected)
Keys in delete results menu (installation structure field selected):
TAB
UP / DOWN
Function selector /
TEST
HELP
MEM
Selects the location element (Object / D. Board / Circuit or
Bonding or Electrode).
Selects the location element in selected level.
Exits back to main function menu.
Enters dialog box for deleting all measurements in selected
location and its sub-locations.
Enters measurements field for deleting individual
measurements.
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Clearing stored data
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Keys in dialog for confirmation to clear results in selected location:
HELP
MEM
Function selectors /
TEST
Deletes all results in selected location.
Exits back to delete results menu without changes.
Exits back to main function menu without changes.
6.5.3 Clearing individual measurements
Select DELETE RESULTS in MEMORY menu.
Figure 6.9: Menu for clearing individual measurement (installation structure field
selected)
Keys in delete results menu (installation structure field selected):
TAB
UP / DOWN
Function selector /
TEST
MEM
Selects the location element (Object / D. Board / Circuit or
Bonding or Electrode).
Selects the location element in selected level.
Exits back to main function menu.
Enters measurements field.
Keys in delete results menu (measurements field selected):
TAB
UP / DOWN
HELP
Function selector
Returns to installation structure field.
Selects measurement.
Opens dialog box for confirmation to clear
measurement.
Exits back to main function menu without changes.
selected
Keys in dialog for confirmation to clear selected result(s):
HELP
MEM
Function selector
Deletes selected measurement result.
Exits back to measurements field without changes.
Exits back to main function menu without changes.
Figure 6.11: Display after measurement
was cleared
Figure 6.10: Dialog for confirmation
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Clearing stored data
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
6.5.4 Renaming installation structure elements
Default installation structure elements are ‘Object’, ‘D.Board’, ‘Circuit’, ‘Electrode’ and
‘Circuit’. In the PCSW package Eurolink-PRO default names can be changed with
customized names that corresponds the installation under test. Refer to PCSW
Eurolink-PRO HELP menu for information how to upload customized installation names
to the instrument.
Figure 6.12: Example of menu with customized installation structure names
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Communication
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
6.6 Communication
Stored results can be transferred to a PC. A special communication program on the PC
automatically identifies the instrument and enables data transfer between the instrument
and the PC.
There are two communication interfaces available on the instrument: USB or RS 232.
The instrument automatically selects the communication mode according to detected
interface. USB interface has priority.
Figure 6.13: Interface connection for data transfer over PC COM port
How to transfer stored data:
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
RS 232 communication: connect a PC COM port to the instrument PS/2
connector using the PS/2 - RS232 serial communication cable;
USB communication selected: connect a PC USB port to the instrument USB
connector using the USB interface cable.
Switch on the PC and the instrument.
Run the EurolinkPRO program.
The PC and the instrument will automatically recognize each other.
The instrument is prepared to download data to the PC.
The program EurolinkPRO is a PC software running on Windows 95/98, Windows NT,
Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista. Read the file README_EuroLink.txt on
CD for instructions about installing and running the program.
Note:
‰
USB drivers should be installed on PC before using the USB interface. Refer to
USB installation instructions available on installation CD.
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Upgrading the instrument
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
7 Upgrading the instrument
The instrument can be upgraded from a PC via the RS232 communication port. This
enables to keep the instrument up to date even if the standards or regulations change.
The upgrade can be carried with help of a special upgrading software and the
communication cable as shown on Figure 6.13. Please contact your dealer for more
information.
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Maintenance
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
8 Maintenance
Unauthorized persons are not allowed to open the Eurotest Combo instrument. There
are no user replaceable components inside the instrument, except the battery and fuse
under rear cover.
8.1 Fuse replacement
There is a fuse under back cover of the Eurotest Combo instrument.
‰
F1
M 0.315 A / 250 V, 20×5 mm
This fuse protects internal circuitry for continuity functions if test probes are
connected to the mains supply voltage by mistake during measurement.
Warnings:
‰
‰
Disconnect all measuring accessory and switch off the instrument
before opening battery / fuse compartment cover, hazardous voltage
inside!
Replace blown fuse with original type only, otherwise the instrument may be
damaged and/or operator’s safety impaired!
Position of fuse can be seen in Figure 3.4 in chapter 3.3 Back panel.
8.2 Cleaning
No special maintenance is required for the housing. To clean the surface of the
instrument use a soft cloth slightly moistened with soapy water or alcohol. Then leave
the instrument to dry totally before use.
Warnings:
‰
‰
Do not use liquids based on petrol or hydrocarbons!
Do not spill cleaning liquid over the instrument!
8.3 Periodic calibration
It is essential that the test instrument is regularly calibrated in order that the technical
specification listed in this manual is guaranteed. We recommend an annual calibration.
Only an authorized technical person can do the calibration. Please contact your dealer
for further information.
8.4 Service
For repairs under warranty, or at any other time, please contact your distributor.
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Technical specification
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
9 Technical specifications
9.1 Insulation resistance
Insulation resistance (nominal voltages 50 VDC, 100 VDC and 250 VDC)
Measuring range according to EN61557 is 0.15 MΩ ÷ 199.9 MΩ.
Accuracy
Resolution (MΩ)
Measuring range (MΩ)
0.01
0.00 ÷ 19.99
±(5 % of reading + 3 digits)
20.0 ÷ 99.9
±(10 % of reading)
0.1
100.0 ÷ 199.9
±(20 % of reading)
Insulation resistance (nominal voltages 500 VDC and 1000 VDC)
Measuring range according to EN61557 is 0.15 MΩ ÷ 1 GΩ.
Accuracy
Measuring range (MΩ)
Resolution (MΩ)
0.01
0.00 ÷ 19.99
±(5 % of reading + 3 digits)
0.1
20.0 ÷ 199.9
±(5 % of reading)
1
200 ÷ 999
±(10 % of reading)
Voltage
Measuring range (V)
0 ÷ 1200
Resolution (V)
1
Accuracy
±(3 % of reading + 3 digits)
Nominal voltages ...............................50 VDC, 100 VDC, 250 VDC, 500 VDC, 1000 VDC
Open circuit voltage ...........................-0 % / +20 % of nominal voltage
Measuring current..............................min. 1 mA at RN=UN×1 kΩ/V
Short circuit current........................... max. 3 mA
The number of possible tests............ > 1200, with a fully charged battery
Auto discharge after test.
Specified accuracy is valid if 3-wire test lead is used while it is valid up to 100 MΩ if tip
commander is used.
Specified accuracy is valid up to 100 MΩ if relative humidity > 85 %.
In case the instrument gets moistened, the results could be impaired. In such case, it is
recommended to dry the instrument and accessories for at least 24 hours.
The error in operating conditions could be at most the error for reference conditions
(specified in the manual for each function) ±5 % of measured value.
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Technical specification
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
9.2 Continuity
9.2.1 Resistance R LOWΩ
Measuring range according to EN61557 is 0.16 Ω ÷ 1999 Ω.
Accuracy
Resolution (Ω)
Measuring range R (Ω)
0.01
0.00 ÷ 19.99
±(3 % of reading + 3 digits)
0.1
20.0 ÷ 199.9
±(5 % of reading)
1
200 ÷ 1999
Open-circuit voltage...........................6.5 VDC ÷ 9 VDC
Measuring current..............................min. 200 mA into load resistance of 2 Ω
Test lead compensation.....................up to 5 Ω
The number of possible tests ............> 2000, with a fully charged battery
Automatic polarity reversal of the test voltage.
9.2.2 Resistance CONTINUITY (model MI 3125B)
Measuring range (Ω)
0.0 ÷ 19.9
20 ÷ 1999
Resolution (Ω)
0.1
1
Accuracy
±(5 % of reading + 3 digits)
Open-circuit voltage...........................6.5 VDC ÷ 9 VDC
Short-circuit current ...........................max. 8.5 mA
Test lead compensation.....................up to 5 Ω
9.3 RCD testing
Note:
All data (marked with “*”) regarding B type RCDs are valid for model MI 3125B only.
9.3.1 General data
Nominal residual current (A,AC) ........10 mA, 30 mA, 100 mA, 300 mA, 500 mA,
1000 mA
Nominal residual current accuracy.....-0 / +0.1⋅IΔ; IΔ = IΔN, 2×IΔN, 5×IΔN
-0.1⋅IΔ / +0; IΔ = 0.5×IΔN
AS / NZ selected: ± 5 %
Test current shape.............................Sine-wave (AC), pulsed (A), smooth DC (B)*
DC offset for pulsed test current ........6 mA (typical)
RCD type ...........................................G (non-delayed), S (time-delayed)
Test current starting polarity ............. 0 º or 180 º
Voltage range ....................................93 V ÷ 266 V (45 Hz ÷ 65 Hz)
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Technical specification
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
IΔN (mA)
10
30
100
300
500
1000
IΔN × 1/2
AC A
5
3.5
15 10.5
50 35
150 105
250 175
500 350
B*
5
15
50
150
250
500
IΔN × 1
AC
A
10
20
30
42
100 141
300 424
500 707
1000 1410
B*
20
60
200
600
1000
n.a.
IΔN × 2
AC
A
20
40
60
84
200 282
600 848
1000 1410
2000 n.a.
B
40
120
400
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a......................................................not applicable
AC type..............................................sine wave test current
A type…… .........................................pulsed current
B type ................................................smooth DC current
IΔN × 5
AC
A
50
100
150 212
500 707
1500 n.a.
2500 n.a.
n.a. n.a.
B*
100
300
1000
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
RCD IΔ
AC A
9 9
9 9
9 9
9 9
9 9
9 9
B*
9
9
9
9
9
n.a.
9.3.2 Contact voltage RCD-Uc
Measuring range according to EN61557 is 20.0 V ÷ 31.0V for limit contact voltage 25V
Measuring range according to EN61557 is 20.0 V ÷ 62.0V for limit contact voltage 50V
Measuring range (V)
Resolution (V)
Accuracy
(-0 % / +15 %) of reading ± 10 digits
0.1
0.0 ÷ 19.9
(-0 % / +15 %) of reading
20.0 ÷ 99.9
The accuracy is valid if mains voltage is stabile during the measurement and PE
terminal is free of interfering voltages.
Test current ...................................... max. 0.5×IΔN
Limit contact voltage ......................... 25 V, 50 V
Specified accuracy is valid for complete operating range.
9.3.3 Trip-out time
Complete measurement range corresponds to EN 61557 requirements.
Maximum measuring times set according to selected reference for RCD testing.
Measuring range (ms)
Resolution (ms)
Accuracy
0.1
0.0 ÷ 40.0
±1 ms
0.1
0.0 ÷ max. time *
±3 ms
* For max. time see normative references in 4.2.5 – this specification applies to max.
time >40 ms.
Test current ...................................... ½×IΔN, IΔN, 2×IΔN, 5×IΔN
5×IΔN is not available for IΔN=1000 mA (RCD type AC) or IΔN ≥ 300 mA (RCD types A,
B*).
2×IΔN is not available for IΔN=1000 mA (RCD type A) or IΔN ≥ 300 mA (RCD type B*).
1×IΔN is not available for IΔN=1000 mA (RCD type B)*.
Specified accuracy is valid for complete operating range.
9.3.4 Trip-out current
Trip-out current
Complete measurement range corresponds to EN 61557 requirements.
Accuracy
Measuring range IΔ
Resolution IΔ
0.2×IΔN ÷ 1.1×IΔN (AC type)
0.05×IΔN
±0.1×IΔN
0.2×IΔN ÷ 1.5×IΔN (A type, IΔN ≥30 mA)
0.05×IΔN
±0.1×IΔN
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Technical specification
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
0.2×IΔN ÷ 2.2×IΔN (A type, IΔN <30 mA)
0.2×IΔN ÷ 2.2×IΔN (B type)*
Trip-out time
Measuring range (ms)
0 ÷ 300
0.05×IΔN
0.05×IΔN
±0.1×IΔN
±0.1×IΔN
Resolution (ms)
1
Accuracy
±3 ms
Contact voltage
Measuring range (V)
Resolution (V)
Accuracy
0.1
0.0 ÷ 19.9
(-0 % / +15 %) of reading ± 10 digits
0.1
(-0 % / +15 %) of reading
20.0 ÷ 99.9
The accuracy is valid if mains voltage is stabile during the measurement and PE
terminal is free of interfering voltages.
Trip-out measurement is not available for IΔN=1000 mA (RCD type B)*.
Specified accuracy is valid for complete operating range.
9.4 Fault loop impedance and prospective fault current
9.4.1 No disconnecting device or FUSE selected
Fault loop impedance
Measuring range according to EN61557 is 0.25 Ω ÷ 9.99kΩ.
Accuracy
Measuring range (Ω)
Resolution (Ω)
0.01
0.00 ÷ 9.99
±(5 % of reading + 5 digits)
0.1
10.0 ÷ 99.9
1
100 ÷ 999
± 10 % of reading
10
1.00k ÷ 9.99k
Prospective fault current (calculated value)
Measuring range (A)
Resolution (A)
0.01
0.00 ÷ 9.99
0.1
10.0 ÷ 99.9
1
100 ÷ 999
10
1.00k ÷ 9.99k
100
10.0k ÷ 23.0k
Accuracy
Consider accuracy of fault
loop resistance
measurement
The accuracy is valid if mains voltage is stabile during the measurement.
Test current (at 230 V)...................... 6.5 A (10 ms)
Nominal voltage range...................... 93 V ÷ 266 V (45 Hz ÷ 65 Hz)
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Technical specification
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
9.4.2 RCD selected
Fault loop impedance
Measuring range according to EN61557 is 0.46 Ω ÷ 9.99 kΩ.
Accuracy
Resolution (Ω)
Measuring range (Ω)
0.01
0.00 ÷ 9.99
±(5 % of reading + 10 digits)
0.1
10.0 ÷ 99.9
1
100 ÷ 999
± 10 % of reading
10
1.00k ÷ 9.99k
Acccuracy may be impaired in case of heavy noise on mains voltage
Prospective fault current (calculated value)
Measuring range (A)
Resolution (A)
0.01
0.00 ÷ 9.99
0.1
10.0 ÷ 99.9
1
100 ÷ 999
10
1.00k ÷ 9.99k
100
10.0k ÷ 23.0k
Accuracy
Consider accuracy of fault
loop resistance
measurement
Nominal voltage range...................... 93 V ÷ 266 V (45 Hz ÷ 65 Hz)
No trip out of RCD.
R, XL values are indicative.
9.5 Line impedance and prospective short-circuit current / Voltage
drop
Line impedance
Measuring range according to EN61557 is 0.25 Ω ÷ 9.99kΩ.
Accuracy
Resolution (Ω)
Measuring range (Ω)
0.01
0.00 ÷ 9.99
±(5 % of reading + 5 digits)
0.1
10.0 ÷ 99.9
1
100 ÷ 999
± 10 % of reading
10
1.00k ÷ 9.99k
Prospective short-circuit current (calculated value)
Measuring range (A)
Resolution (A)
0.01
0.00 ÷ 0.99
0.1
1.0 ÷ 99.9
1
100 ÷ 999
10
1.00k ÷ 99.99k
1000
100k ÷ 199k
Accuracy
Consider accuracy of line
resistance measurement
Test current (at 230 V)...................... 6.5 A (10 ms)
Nominal voltage range...................... 30 V ÷ 500 V (45 Hz ÷ 65 Hz)
R, XL values are indicative.
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Technical specification
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Voltage drop (calculated value)
Measuring range (%)
0.0 ÷ 99.9
Resolution (%)
0.1
Accuracy
Consider accuracy of line
impedance
measurement(s)*
ZREF measuring range………………………0.00 Ω ÷ 20.0 Ω
*See chapter 5.6.2 Voltage drop for more information about calculation of voltage drop
result.
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Technical specification
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
9.6 Resistance to earth (model MI 3125B)
Measuring range according to EN61557-5 is 2.00 Ω ÷ 1999 Ω.
Accuracy
Measuring range (Ω)
Resolution (Ω)
0.01
0.00 ÷ 19.99
0.1
±(5% of reading + 5 digits)
20.0 ÷ 199.9
1
200 ÷ 9999
Max. auxiliary earth electrode resistance RC ... 100×RE or 50 kΩ (whichever is lower)
Max. probe resistance RP ................................ 100×RE or 50 kΩ (whichever is lower)
Additional probe resistance error at RCmax or RPmax.
±(10 % of reading + 10 digits)
Additional error
at 3 V voltage noise (50 Hz) ............................ ±(5 % of reading + 10 digits)
Open circuit voltage ......................................... < 15 VAC
Short circuit voltage ......................................... < 30 mA
Test voltage frequency .................................... 125 Hz
Test voltage shape .......................................... rectangular
Noise voltage indication threshold ................... 1 V (< 50 Ω, worst case)
Automatic measurement of auxiliary electrode resistance and probe resistance.
Automatic measurement of voltage noise.
9.7 Voltage, frequency, and phase rotation
9.7.1 Phase rotation
Nominal system voltage range ......... 100 VAC ÷ 550 VAC
Nominal frequency range.................. 14 Hz ÷ 500 Hz
Result displayed ............................... 1.2.3 or 3.2.1
9.7.2 Voltage
Measuring range (V)
0 ÷ 550
Resolution (V)
1
Accuracy
±(2 % of reading + 2 digits)
Result type........................................ True r.m.s. (trms)
Nominal frequency range.................. 0 Hz, 14 Hz ÷ 500 Hz
9.7.3 Frequency
Measuring range (Hz)
0.00 ÷ 9.99
10.0 ÷ 499.9
Resolution (Hz)
0.01
0.1
Accuracy
±(0.2 % of reading + 1 digit)
Nominal voltage range...................... 10 V ÷ 550 V
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Technical specification
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
9.7.4 Online terminal voltage monitor
Measuring range (V)
10 ÷ 550
Resolution (V)
1
Accuracy
±(2 % of reading + 2 digits)
9.8 General data
Models MI3125 and MI 3125B:
Power supply voltage........................ 9 VDC (6×1.5 V battery or accu, size AA)
Operation.......................................... typical 20 h
Charger socket input voltage ............ 12 V ± 10 %
Charger socket input current ............ 400 mA max.
Battery charging current ................... 250 mA (internally regulated)
Overvoltage category........................ 600 V CAT III / 300 V CAT IV
Plug commander
overvoltage category ................ 300 V CAT III
Protection classification .................... double insulation
Pollution degree................................ 2
Protection degree ............................. IP 40
Display ............................................ 128x64 dots matrix display with backlight
Dimensions (w × h × d) ..................... 14 cm × 8 cm × 23 cm
Weight ............................................ 1.0 kg, without battery cells
Reference conditions
Reference temperature range........... 10 °C ÷ 30 °C
Reference humidity range................. 40 %RH ÷ 70 %RH
Operation conditions
Working temperature range .............. 0 °C ÷ 40 °C
Maximum relative humidity ............... 95 %RH (0 °C ÷ 40 °C), non-condensing
Storage conditions
Temperature range ........................... -10 °C ÷ +70 °C
Maximum relative humidity ............... 90 %RH (-10 °C ÷ +40 °C)
80 %RH (40 °C ÷ 60 °C)
Model MI 3125B:
Communication transfer speed
RS 232 115200 baud
USB
256000 baud
Memory size......................................1700 results
The error in operating conditions could be at most the error for reference conditions
(specified in the manual for each function) +1 % of measured value + 1 digit, unless
otherwise specified in the manual for particular function.
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Appendix A
A Appendix A - Fuse table
A.1 Fuse table - IPSC
Fuse type NV
Rated
current
(A)
2
4
6
10
16
20
25
35
50
63
80
100
125
160
200
250
315
400
500
630
710
800
1000
1250
Fuse type gG
Rated
current
(A)
2
4
6
10
13
16
20
25
32
35
40
35m
32.5
65.6
102.8
165.8
206.9
276.8
361.3
618.1
919.2
1217.2
1567.2
2075.3
2826.3
3538.2
4555.5
6032.4
7766.8
10577.7
13619
19619.3
19712.3
25260.3
34402.1
45555.1
35m
32.5
65.6
102.8
165.8
193.1
206.9
276.8
361.3
539.1
618.1
694.2
Disconnection time [s]
0.1
0.2
0.4
Min. prospective short- circuit current (A)
22.3
18.7
15.9
46.4
38.8
31.9
70
56.5
46.4
115.3
96.5
80.7
150.8
126.1
107.4
204.2
170.8
145.5
257.5
215.4
180.2
453.2
374
308.7
640
545
464.2
821.7
663.3
545
1133.1
964.9
836.5
1429
1195.4
1018
2006
1708.3
1454.8
2485.1
2042.1
1678.1
3488.5
2970.8
2529.9
4399.6
3615.3
2918.2
6066.6
4985.1
4096.4
7929.1
6632.9
5450.5
10933.5
8825.4
7515.7
14037.4
11534.9
9310.9
17766.9
14341.3
11996.9
20059.8
16192.1
13545.1
23555.5
19356.3
16192.1
36152.6
29182.1
24411.6
Disconnection time [s]
0.1
0.2
0.4
Min. prospective short- circuit current (A)
22.3
18.7
15.9
46.4
38.8
31.9
70
56.5
46.4
115.3
96.5
80.7
144.8
117.9
100
150.8
126.1
107.4
204.2
170.8
145.5
257.5
215.4
180.2
361.5
307.9
271.7
453.2
374
308.7
464.2
381.4
319.1
5
9.1
18.7
26.7
46.4
66.3
86.7
109.3
169.5
266.9
319.1
447.9
585.4
765.1
947.9
1354.5
1590.6
2272.9
2766.1
3952.7
4985.1
6423.2
7252.1
9146.2
13070.1
5
9.1
18.7
26.7
46.4
56.2
66.3
86.7
109.3
159.1
169.5
190.1
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50
63
80
100
Fuse type B
Rated
current
(A)
6
10
13
16
20
25
32
40
50
63
Fuse type C
Rated
current
(A)
0.5
1
1.6
2
4
6
10
13
16
20
25
32
40
50
63
Fuse type K
Rated
current
(A)
0.5
1
1.6
2
919.2
1217.2
1567.2
2075.3
35m
30
50
65
80
100
125
160
200
250
315
35m
5
10
16
20
40
60
100
130
160
200
250
320
400
500
630
35m
7.5
15
24
30
Appendix A
640
821.7
1133.1
1429
545
663.3
964.9
1195.4
464.2
545
836.5
1018
Disconnection time [s]
0.1
0.2
0.4
Min. prospective short- circuit current (A)
30
30
30
50
50
50
65
65
65
80
80
80
100
100
100
125
125
125
160
160
160
200
200
200
250
250
250
315
315
315
Disconnection time [s]
0.1
0.2
0.4
Min. prospective short- circuit current (A)
5
5
5
10
10
10
16
16
16
20
20
20
40
40
40
60
60
60
100
100
100
130
130
130
160
160
160
200
200
200
250
250
250
320
320
320
400
400
400
500
500
500
630
630
630
266.9
319.1
447.9
585.4
5
30
50
65
80
100
125
160
200
250
315
5
2.7
5.4
8.6
10.8
21.6
32.4
54
70.2
86.4
108
135
172.8
216
270
340.2
Disconnection time [s]
0.1
0.2
0.4
Min. prospective short- circuit current (A)
7.5
7.5
7.5
15
15
15
24
24
24
30
30
30
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
4
6
10
13
16
20
25
32
Fuse type D
Rated
current
(A)
0.5
1
1.6
2
4
6
10
13
16
20
25
32
60
90
150
195
240
300
375
480
35m
10
20
32
40
80
120
200
260
320
400
500
640
Appendix A
60
90
150
195
240
300
375
480
60
90
150
195
240
300
375
480
60
90
150
195
240
300
375
480
Disconnection time [s]
0.1
0.2
0.4
Min. prospective short- circuit current (A)
10
10
10
20
20
20
32
32
32
40
40
40
80
80
80
120
120
120
200
200
200
260
260
260
320
320
320
400
400
400
500
500
500
640
640
640
5
2.7
5.4
8.6
10.8
21.6
32.4
54
70.2
86.4
108
135
172.8
A.2 Fuse table - impedances (UK)
Fuse type B
Rated
Disconnection time [s]
current
0.4
5
(A)
Max. loop impedance (Ω)
3
12,264
12,264
6
6,136
6,136
10
3,68
3,68
16
2,296
2,296
20
1,84
1,84
25
1,472
1,472
32
1,152
1,152
40
0,92
0,92
50
0,736
0,736
63
0,584
0,584
80
0,456
0,456
100
0,368
0,368
125
0,296
0,296
Fuse type C
Rated
Disconnection time [s]
current
0.4
5
(A)
Max. loop impedance (Ω)
6
10
16
20
25
32
40
50
63
80
100
125
3,064
1,84
1,152
0,92
0,736
0,576
0,456
0,368
0,288
0,232
0,184
0,144
3,064
1,84
1,152
0,92
0,736
0,576
0,456
0,368
0,288
0,232
0,184
0,144
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Appendix A
Fuse type D
Rated
Disconnection time [s]
current
0.4
5
(A)
Max. loop impedance (Ω)
6
1,536
1,536
10
0,92
0,92
16
0,576
0,576
20
0,456
0,456
25
0,368
0,368
32
0,288
0,288
40
0,232
0,232
50
0,184
0,184
63
0,144
0,144
80
0,112
0,112
100
0,088
0,088
125
0,072
0,072
Fuse type BS 1361
Rated
Disconnection time [s]
current
0.4
5
(A)
Max. loop impedance (Ω)
5
8,36
13,12
15
2,624
4
20
1,36
2,24
30
0,92
1,472
45
0,768
60
0,56
80
0,4
100
0,288
Fuse type BS 88
Rated
Disconnection time [s]
current
0.4
5
(A)
Max. loop impedance (Ω)
6
6,816
10,8
10
4,088
5,936
16
2,16
3,344
20
1,416
2,328
25
1,152
1,84
32
0,832
1,472
40
1,08
50
0,832
63
0,656
80
0,456
100
0,336
125
0,264
160
0,2
200
0,152
Fuse type BS 1362
Rated
Disconnection time [s]
current
0.4
5
(A)
Max. loop impedance (Ω)
3
13,12
18,56
13
1,936
3,064
Fuse type BS 3036
Rated
Disconnection time [s]
current
0.4
5
(A)
Max. loop impedance (Ω)
5
7,664
14,16
15
2,04
4,28
20
1,416
3,064
30
0,872
2,112
45
1,272
60
0,896
100
0,424
All impedances are scaled with factor 0.8.
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MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
Appendix B
B Appendix B - Accessories for specific
measurements
The table below presents standard and optional accessories required for specific
measurement. The accessories marked as optional may also be standard ones in some
sets. Please see attached list of standard accessories for your set or contact your
distributor for further information.
Function
Insulation resistance
Suitable accessories (Optional with ordering code A….)
‰ Test lead, 3 x 1.5 m
‰ Tip commander (A 1270)
R LOWΩ resistance
‰ Test lead, 3 x 1.5 m
‰ Tip commander (A 1270)
‰ Test lead, 4 m (A 1012)
Continuous
resistance
‰ Test lead, 3 x 1.5 m
measurement (model MI
‰ Tip commander (A 1270)
3125B)
‰ Test lead, 4 m (A 1012)
Line impedance
‰ Test lead, 3 x 1.5 m
‰ Plug commander (A 1272)
‰ Mains measuring cable
‰ Tip commander (A 1270)
‰ Three-phase adapter with switch (A 1111)
Fault loop impedance
‰ Test lead, 3 x 1.5 m
‰ Plug commander (A 1272)
‰ Mains measuring cable
‰ Tip commander (A 1270)
‰ Three-phase adapter with switch (A 1111)
RCD testing
‰ Test lead, 3 x 1.5 m
‰ Plug commander (A 1272)
‰ Mains measuring cable
‰ Three-phase adapter with switch (A 1111)
Earth
resistance,
RE
‰ Earth test set, 3-wire, 20 m (S 2026)
‰ Earth test set, 3-wire, 50 m (S 2027)
(model MI 3125B)
Phase sequence
‰ Test lead, 3 x 1.5 m
‰ Three-phase adapter (A 1110)
‰ Three-phase adapter with switch (A 1111)
Voltage, frequency
‰ Test lead, 3 x 1.5 m
‰ Plug commander (A 1272)
‰ Mains measuring cable
‰ Tip commander (A 1270)
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Appendix C
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
C Appendix F – Country notes
This appendix F contains collection of minor modifications related to particular country
requirements. Some of the modifications mean modified listed function characteristics
related to main chapters and others are additional functions. Some minor modifications
are related also to different requirements of the same market that are covered by
various suppliers.
C.1 List of country modifications
The following table contains current list of applied modifications.
Country Related chapters Modification type Note
AT
5.4, 9.3, C.2.1
Appended
Special G type RCD
C.2 Modification issues
C.2.1 AT modification - G type RCD
Modified is the following related to the mentioned in the chapter 5.4:
- G type mentioned in the chapter is converted to unmarked type
- Added G type RCD,
- Time limits are the same as for general type RCD,
- Contact voltage is calculated the same as for general type RCD.
,
Modifications of the chapter 5.4
Test parameters for RCD test and measurement
RCD sub-function test [RCDt, RCD I, AUTO, Uc].
Rated RCD residual current sensitivity IΔN [10 mA, 30 mA, 100 mA, 300
mA, 500 mA, 1000 mA].
type
RCD type [ , , ], test current waveform plus starting polarity [ ,
,
].
,
,
*,
*
MUL
Multiplication factor for test current [½, 1, 2, 5 Iδn].
Ulim
Conventional touch voltage limit [25 V, 50 V].
* Model MI 3125B
TEST
Iδn
Note:
‰
Ulim can be selected in the Uc sub-function only.
The instrument is intended for testing of general
(time-delayed) RCDs, which are suited for:
‰
‰
‰
, G (non-delayed) and selective S
Alternating residual current (AC type, marked with
symbol),
Pulsating residual current (A type, marked with
symbol).
Model MI 3125B: DC residual current (B type, marked with
symbol).
Time delayed RCDs demonstrate delayed response characteristics. They contain
residual current integrating mechanism for generation of delayed trip out. However,
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Appendix C
MI 3125/3125B EurotestCOMBO
contact voltage pre-test in the measuring procedure also influences the RCD and it
takes a period to recover into idle state. Time delay of 30 s is inserted before performing
trip-out test to recover S type RCD after pretests and time delay of 5 s is inserted for
the same purpose for G type RCD.
Modification of the chapter 5.4.1
Contact voltage Uc
proportional to
1.05×IΔN
, G
S
2×1.05×IΔN
1.4×1.05×IΔN
, G
S
2×1.4×1.05×IΔN
2×1.05×IΔN
, G
S
2×2×1.05×IΔN
2×1.05×IΔN
S
2×2×1.05×IΔN
RCD type
AC
AC
A
A
A
A
B
B
Rated IΔN
any
Both models
≥ 30 mA
< 30 mA
any
Model 3125B only
Table C.1: Relationship between Uc and IΔN
Technical specifications remain the same.
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