SDR Digital Voice Receiver - American Communication Systems Forum

AR-DV1
SDR Digital Voice Receiver
OPERATING MANUAL
AOR, LTD.
Table of Contents
1 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................................... 4
1-1 INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................. 4
1-2 TAKING CARE OF YOUR RECEIVER ............................................................................................... 5
1-3 INCLUDED IN THE PACKAGE ........................................................................................................... 6
2 CONTROLS AND FUNCTIONS ............................................................................................................. 8
2-1 FRONT PANEL .................................................................................................................................... 8
2-2 REAR PANEL .................................................................................................................................... 14
3
GETTING STARTED............................................................................................................................ 15
3-1 MAKING THE AR-DV1 READY FOR OPERATION ......................................................................... 15
3-1-1 CONNECT THE ANTENNA ............................................................................................................ 15
3-1-2 CONNECT POWER ....................................................................................................................... 15
3-2 SWITCHING ON FOR THE FIRST TIME .......................................................................................... 15
3-3 VOLUME CONTROL ......................................................................................................................... 16
3-4 SQUELCH CONTROL....................................................................................................................... 17
3-5 VFO SELECTION .............................................................................................................................. 17
3-5-1 TUNING FREQUENCY .................................................................................................................. 18
3-6 RECEIVE MODE................................................................................................................................ 19
3-6-1 DIGITAL AUTO MODE.................................................................................................................... 20
3-6-2 RECEIVE MODE SELECTION....................................................................................................... 21
3-6-3 DIGITAL DATA DISPLAY ................................................................................................................ 21
3-7 CHANGING THE FREQUENCY STEP ............................................................................................. 22
3-8 IF BANDWIDTH ................................................................................................................................. 22
3-8-1 MANUALLY SELECTING IF BANDWIDTH .................................................................................... 23
4 ADDITIONAL SETTINGS ..................................................................................................................... 24
4-1 AGC (AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL) ............................................................................................. 24
4-2 ATTENUATOR ................................................................................................................................... 24
4-3 RF GAIN ............................................................................................................................................ 25
4-4 KEY LOCK ......................................................................................................................................... 25
4-5 VFO SETTING ................................................................................................................................... 26
4-5-1 VFO SEARCH DELAY .................................................................................................................... 26
4-5-2 VFO SEARCH FREE (PAUSE) ...................................................................................................... 26
4-5-3 VFO SEARCH STORE ................................................................................................................... 26
4-5-4 DEL.BK39 ....................................................................................................................................... 27
4-6 NOISE SQUELCH AND LEVEL SQUELCH ..................................................................................... 27
4-7 VOICE SQUELCH ............................................................................................................................. 27
5 MANAGING A SD CARD ..................................................................................................................... 29
5-1 SD CARD INFORMATION ................................................................................................................ 29
5-2 BACKUP DATA TO A SD CARD ...................................................................................................... 30
5-3 RESTORE DATA FROM A SD CARD .............................................................................................. 31
5-4 RECORDING AUDIO......................................................................................................................... 32
1
5-5 PLAYBACK AUDIO FROM A SD CARD .......................................................................................... 32
6 MEMORY CHANNELS AND BANKS .................................................................................................. 34
6-1 MEMORY CHANNEL OVERVIEW .................................................................................................... 34
6-2 STORING VFO FREQUENCIES AND DATA INTO MEMORY ......................................................... 34
6-3 MEMORY READ ................................................................................................................................ 36
6-4 DELETE MEMORY CHANNEL ......................................................................................................... 36
7 SCAN – SCANNING MEMORY CHANNELS ...................................................................................... 37
7-1 SCAN – OUTLINE INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................ 37
7-2 STARTING SCAN .............................................................................................................................. 37
7-3 SELECTING A SCAN BANK ............................................................................................................ 37
7-4 LOCKING OUT UNWANTED ACTIVE MEMORY CHANNELS (PASS) .......................................... 37
7-5 SCAN GROUP ................................................................................................................................... 38
7-5-1 BANK LINK SETTING .................................................................................................................... 38
7-5-2 SCAN DELAY ................................................................................................................................. 38
7-5-3 SCAN PAUSE ................................................................................................................................. 39
8 SEARCH MODE ................................................................................................................................... 40
8-1 SEARCH TYPE.................................................................................................................................. 40
8-1-1 VFO SEARCH ................................................................................................................................ 40
8-1-2 PROGRAM SEARCH ..................................................................................................................... 41
8-2 SEARCH GROUP .............................................................................................................................. 43
8-2-1 BANK LINK SETTING .................................................................................................................... 44
8-2-2 SEARCH DELAY ............................................................................................................................ 44
8-2-3 SEARCH PAUSE ............................................................................................................................ 44
9 CONFIGURATION MENU .................................................................................................................... 45
9-1 CONFIGURE BEEP........................................................................................................................... 46
9-2 CONFIGURE CONTRAST ................................................................................................................ 46
9-3 CONFIGURE BACKLIGHT ............................................................................................................... 46
9-4 CONFIGURE DIMMER ...................................................................................................................... 47
9-5 CONFIGURE KEYCOLOR ................................................................................................................ 47
9-6 CONFIGURE SQL.SKIP.................................................................................................................... 48
9-7 CONFIGURE ID ................................................................................................................................. 48
9-8 CONFIGURE REMOTE.BPS (BAUD RATE) .................................................................................... 48
9-9 CONFIGURE RES.CODE (RESULT CODE) ................................................................................... 49
9-10 CONFIGURE LAST CHANNEL PROTECT .................................................................................... 49
9-11 CONFIGURE FIRM VER (FIRMWARE VERSION)....................................................................... 50
9-12 CONFIGURE SYS.UPDATE (SYSTEM UPDATE) ....................................................................... 50
10 OPTION MENU ................................................................................................................................... 51
10-1 ACCESS OPTION MENU................................................................................................................ 51
10-2 NR (NOISE REDUCTION) ............................................................................................................... 51
10-3 NOTCH (AUTO NOTCH) ................................................................................................................. 51
10-4 DIG.DECODE (DIGITAL SIGNAL DECODE) ................................................................................. 51
2
10-5 CTCSS (CONTINUOUS TONE CONTROLLED SQUELCH SYSTEM) ......................................... 51
10-6 DCS (DIGITAL CODED SQUELCH) ............................................................................................... 52
10-7 SCR (ANALOG VOICE DESCRAMBLER) ..................................................................................... 53
11 MISCELLANEOUS FUNCTIONS ....................................................................................................... 54
11-1 FREQUENCY STEP AND STEP ADJUST...................................................................................... 54
11-1-1 FREQUENCY STEP ..................................................................................................................... 54
11-1-2 STEP ADJUST ............................................................................................................................... 54
11-2 DIAL KNOB SETTING..................................................................................................................... 55
11-3 CLOCK / TIMER .............................................................................................................................. 55
11-3-1 INITIAL SET .................................................................................................................................. 55
11-3-2 ALARM / TIMER CONFIGURATION ............................................................................................ 56
11-3-3 ALARM ACTIVATION .................................................................................................................... 58
11-3-4 OPERATION DURING TIMER FUNCTION .................................................................................. 58
11-3-5 SLEEP TIMER .............................................................................................................................. 59
11-4 PRIORITY FUNCTION..................................................................................................................... 60
11-4-1 CONFIGURING PRIORITY CHANNEL ....................................................................................... 60
11-4-2 ACTIVATING PRIORITY FUNCTION ........................................................................................... 60
11-5 RESET THE AR-DV1 ....................................................................................................................... 61
11-5-1 SYSTEM RESET .......................................................................................................................... 61
11-5-2 FULL RESET................................................................................................................................. 61
11-6 FREQUENCY OFFSET ................................................................................................................... 61
11-7 LAST CHANNEL MEMORY ............................................................................................................ 62
11-8 DATA ENTRY ................................................................................................................................... 63
11-9 DATA EDITOR ................................................................................................................................. 64
12 PC CONTROL..................................................................................................................................... 65
12-1 USB INTERFACE ............................................................................................................................ 65
12-1-1 USB DRIVER ................................................................................................................................ 65
12-2 REMOTE CONTROL STATUS ........................................................................................................ 65
12-3 COMMAND FORMAT ...................................................................................................................... 66
12-4 RESPONSE FORMAT ..................................................................................................................... 66
12-5 COMMAND LIST ............................................................................................................................. 67
13
SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................................................. 95
14 LIMITED WARRANTY (USA only)..................................................................................................... 97
3
1 INTRODUCTION
1-1 INTRODUCTION
Thank you for purchasing the AR-DV1 SDR Digital Voice Receiver.
AOR is pleased to present you with the AR-DV1, the FIRST software defined digital voice receiver to
receive and decode virtually ALL popular digital modes such as MOTOTRBO™, DMR™, dPMR™,
APCO P25, NXDN™, Icom D-Star™, Digital CR, Yaesu, Kenwood ®, and Alinco EJ-47U as well as
conventional analog signals including AM, wide and narrow FM, upper and lower sideband and CW.
To ensure the best possible result, we strongly recommend that you read this manual and use it as a
reference to familiarize yourself with the receiver. Every effort has been made to make this manual
correct and up-to-date. Due to continuous improvements, we acknowledge that there may be some
errors or omission anomalies.
1-1-1 MAIN FEATURES
Wide frequency coverage: 100 kHz to 1.3 GHz (Cellular blocked for the US consumer version)
Direct conversion (100 kHz ~ 18 MHz)
PC controllable with Hyperterminal software by using our COMMAND LIST.
Multi-mode unit capable of receiving AM (Synchronous), USB, LSB, CW, NFM, P25 (APCO25),
NXDN™, D-STAR ™, ALINCO EJ-47U, YAESU, DIGITAL CR, dPMR™, DMR, MOTOTRBO™,
KENWOOD ®
SD card interface
Selectable IF filter bandwidths
CTCSS and DCS selectable squelch functions
Built-in voice-inversion descrambling (Not available for the US consumer version)
AGC
Auto-notch, noise reduction (NR)
USB interface
3 VFO’s, 2,000 alphanumeric memories
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
WARNING: Modification of this device to receive cellular radiotelephone service signals is
prohibited under FCC rules and Federal law.
© This manual is protected by copyright AOR, LTD. 2015. No information contained in this manual may
be copied or transferred by any means without the prior written consent of AOR, LTD. AOR and the
AOR logo are trademarks of AOR, LTD. All other trademarks and names are acknowledged.
4
1-2 TAKING CARE OF YOUR RECEIVER
There are no internal operator adjustments needed. In the unlikely event service is required; please
contact us for technical assistance.
Do not use or leave the receiver in direct sunlight. It is best to avoid locations where excessive heat,
humidity, dust, and vibrations are present. Always keep the AR-DV1 free from dust and moisture. Use a
soft, dry cloth to gently wipe the external surfaces clean; never use abrasive cleaners or organic solvents
which may damage certain parts.
Treat the AR-DV1 with care; avoid spilling liquids into the receiver and the associated power supply.
Special care should be taken to avoid liquids from entering the area around the controls and through the
speaker grill or via the connection jacks.
The AR-DV1 is designed to operate from a good quality regulated DC power supply of 10.8 to
16.0 V, which should be capable of supplying 1 A. Never connect the AR-DV1 directly to an AC power
outlet.
The polarity of the DC input jack is clearly marked (center positive); the chassis of the receiver is at
negative ground.
SAFETY NOTICE – Always disconnect the power supply from the AC outlet when the
receiver is not in use for a long period of time. If used mobile, note that the AR-DV1 has
NOT been manufactured or tested to meet any specific mobile safety requirements. The
AR-DV1 has no user adjustable internal parts.
When using the AR-DV1 as a base station, the best short wave reception is usually achieved through the
use of a separate external earth (or ground) rod. However, consider the implications carefully if your AC
building supply uses a Protective Multiple Earth (PME) system. If in doubt, consult a qualified electrician.
Never earth (ground) to a gas pipe! The antenna connector of the AR-DV1 is intended for connection to a
50 Ohm (unbalanced) coaxial fed antenna such as a discone, dipole, Yagi, etc.
Avoid power cables when installing an antenna.
Operating anomalies
Should the AR-DV1 appear to behave strangely, normal operations may be easily achieved by
performing the following steps:
Symptom: No control of the receiver or the display appears to be frozen
Action: Turn off the power switch on the front panel. Leave it off for approximately 10 seconds.
Turn the power switch back on again. Normal operation should be restored.
Should the receiver still behave strangely, try a RESET as explained in chapter 11-5.
5
1-3 INCLUDED IN THE PACKAGE
The following items are provided in this package:
1
AR-DV1 receiver
1
AC power adapter
1
Operating Manual (this booklet)
1
Telescopic antenna
1
SDHC memory card
Terminology
Search & Scan
If this is your first time using a wide band receiver or you are not familiar with the terminology used, it is
very important to understand the difference between SEARCH and SCAN modes.
SEARCH: The AR-DV1 provides several operations where transmissions (active frequencies) may
be automatically located by sweeping the receiver over a wide frequency range, either from the
currently displayed frequency traveling upwards (or downwards) in a specified tuning increment
(step) or by sweeping over-and-over between two specified frequency limits. This process is known
as SEARCHING. As the name implies, this process can take a long time to find transmissions due
to their “often intermittent” and brief nature. For this reason, it is best to slice large frequency ranges
into smaller, more manageable pieces where they may be intensely monitored.
When examining large frequency segments, it is common to find that 90% of the frequencies are
inactive and only a small number of the remaining constitute what you really want. Searching still
remains the best way to initially locate active and interesting transmissions (in conjunction with a
good frequency listing and band plan).
SCAN: Once active transmissions have been identified (either by searching or by using a good
frequency guide), it is more efficient to store the data into memories which can be rapidly and
automatically monitored in succession, stopping when activity is encountered. This is a much more
efficient means of monitoring the most wanted frequencies as you have targeted 100% of what you
most want to hear. By contrast, searching is very inefficient for day-to-day monitoring.
Note: For the search & scan functions to operate properly, it is very important to advance the
squelch to cancel background noise. This is because the AR-DV1 believes that it has found an
active frequency when the squelch opens and the “BUSY” indicator lights up. Advance the
squelch control clockwise until the background noise is just cancelled; this is known as the
“threshold” position. If the squelch control is advanced too far, weaker signals may be missed.
Receive Mode / Additional Features
FM
Built-in DCS (Digital Coded Squelch)
Built-in CTCSS (Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System)
Built-in Voice Inversion Descrambler (Not available on US consumer version) 2000~7000Hz
6
Digital decoding (NXDN™, D-STAR™, ALINCO-EJ-47U, YAESU, DIGITAL CR, dPMR™, DMR,
MOTOTRBO™, KENWOOD®) with automatic detection.
AM (Amplitude Modulation)
Synchronous Detection
SSB (Single Side Band) SAH/SAL (Upper Side Band/Lower Side Band) selectable
synchronous
AGC (Automatic Gain Control) mode / manual RF gain mode
SSB (Single Side Band)
USB/LSB selectable
AGC mode / manual RF gain mode
CW (Continuous Wave)
Built-in narrow band IF filter 200 Hz/500 Hz
NR (Noise Reduction)
Operates in AM, SSB modes
Auto Notch Filter
Automatically attenuates beat tones and tuning signals.
Selectable Squelch mode
NSQ (Noise Squelch), LSQ (Level Squelch) and VSQ (Voice squelch) can be selected.
DVR (Digital Voice Recorder)
Received audio can be recorded on a SD memory card in WAV format.
7
2 CONTROLS AND FUNCTIONS
2-1 FRONT PANEL
VOL/POWER KNOB
When power is connected to the receiver, the backlit LCD display changes to show the clock function
on the screen. (Fig. 1-A)
Fig. 1-A (Standby)
Fig. 1-B Power on
Fig. 1-C Power off
To turn on the receiver, push the volume knob. The start screen will appear on the display. (Fig. 1-B)
Wait about eight seconds for the main screen to appear before beginning operation.
To turn off the receiver, push the volume knob until the shutdown screen appears on the display.
(Fig. 1-C)
To change the volume level, turn the knob clockwise to increase, and counterclockwise to decrease.
The volume level bar will be indicated on the screen.
8
SQL/DISP KNOB
Rotate this knob to adjust the desired squelch level. Rotate clockwise until background noise goes off.
The squelch level will be displayed on the screen according to the rotation of the squelch knob.
When the knob is pressed, current squelch level will be displayed for 2 seconds.
Push this knob for two seconds to view the squelch select menu, which will appear on the lower left
of the display. The default setting is [AUTO]. Rotate the dial knob to select [AUTO], [LSQ], [NSQ].
(Note: LSQ: Level squelch, NSQ: Noise squelch)
To confirm selection, press the SQL knob.
PHONE JACK
Use a headphone with a 3.5mm plug. When a headphone is connected, the internal speaker will be
disabled.
LCD
1 (F)
Function switch
2 (R), (P)
(R) Recording (P) Playback
3 (S)
Sleep timer
4 ***MIN
Sleep timer (in minutes)
5 (A)
Alarm function. Will blink while activated
6 (T)
Recording timer. Will blink when recording timer is activated
(Note: The backlit LCD will go off while activated.)
7 HH:MM:SS
Clock
9
8 VFO
VFO mode (VFO search, Program search, Memory read, Memory scan)
9 FM xx
Receive mode: FM AM SAH SAL USB LSB CW
xx: IF BW (bandwidth)
FM: 200 100 30 15 6 (kHz)
AM: 15 8 5.5 3.8 (kHz)
SAH, SAL: 5.5 3.8 (kHz)
USB,LSB : 2.6 1.8 (kHz)
CW: 500 200 (Hz)
(Note: The IF-BW settings are available only in the analog modes. In the digital mode, the IF-BW is
automatically selected.)
10 Dxxxx
Digital decode mode
In digital auto decode mode, xxxx indicates decoded mode.
In digital manual mode, xxxx indicates selected mode.
xxxx
ALIN
P-25
dPMR
Decode mode
Alinco EJ-47U digital
APCO P-25 Phase 1
dPMR
D-CR
DMR
YAES
DSTR
Digital CR / NXDN
DMR
YAESU digital
Icom D-STAR
11 DA
Digital auto decode mode
12 xxx+
Frequency step
13 A, B
VFO-A or VFO-B
14 xxxx.xxx xx
VFO-A frequency in MHz.
15 xxxx.xxx xx
VFO-B frequency in MHz.
16 B
“Busy” (Squelch opens)
17
18 xxx(x)
“+”: Step adjust activated
“S-meter” Relative signal strength
Squelch settings
NSQ (A) : Noise squelch in auto mode
NSQ:
Noise squelch
LSQ (A) : Level squelch in auto mode
LSQ:
Level squelch
19 VSQ
VSQ (Voice Squelch)
20 CTC
In FM mode (IF-BW less than 30 kHz)
CTC (CTCSS: Continuous Tone Code Squelch System)
RTN (Reverse CTCSS)
DCS (Digital Code System)
10
VI (Voice inversion) --- not available for USA consumer version
In AM, SAH, SAL, USB, LSB, CW modes
AGCF --- AGC speed fast
AGCM --- AGC speed medium
AGCS --- AGC speed slow
In auto mode, LSQ is selected for all AM modes and NSQ is selected for all FM modes.
RF-G ---- Receiver’s manual gain control by the squelch knob.
21 NT
Auto Notch
22 NR
Noise reduction (in AM modes)
23
Key lock
24 PRI
Priority receive
25 DUP
Frequency offset
26 PAS
In VFO search mode, pass frequencies stored.
In program search mode, pass frequencies are stored in the current search bank.
In memory read mode, current receive frequency are set to pass channel.
27 HLD
Delay time set to “HOLD” in VFO search mode, program search mode, memory
scan mode.
28 FRE
Free time set to other than “OFF” in VFO search mode, program search mode,
memory scan mode.
29 C
PC remote control mode
30
SD card inserted in the slot and recognized
(Note: Attenuator function is always activated automatically and no attenuator indicator is displayed on
the LCD screen. The s-meter indicates reflecting attenuation level.)
FRONT PANEL KEYS
[F]
The [F] (function) key is used to select secondary functions on the keypad. When
pressed, “F” in reverse contrast appears on the top left corner of the LCD. The first
function of the keys are printed on their surfaces; the secondary functions are printed
in black directly above the corresponding key. To cancel the “F”, press this key
again.
11
LOCK
Press and hold this key for two seconds to activate the key lock function.
While activated, all front panel keys are disabled to prevent accidental misoperation of
the receiver. However, volume and squelch controls remain operative. To cancel, press
and hold this key again for two seconds.
MONI
Press and hold this key to force open squelch. When frequency offset is activated,
pressing this key will display the offset frequency.
VFO
In VFO mode, pressing this key will toggle between VFO-A and VFO-B.
Press and hold this key for two seconds to activate VFO search.
In other modes, press this key to return to VFO mode.
SRCH
In program mode, press this key to copy the current frequency to VFO-Z and continue
receiving in VFO-Z.
SCAN
Initiate scan in the memory read mode. While in scan mode, press this key to copy the
current frequency to VFO-Z and continue receiving in VFO-Z.
In other modes, press this key to return to VFO mode.
●
Start / Stop recording
[1]
Figure ONE for the numeric input of frequencies, bank, channel numbers, etc.
[2]
Figure TWO for the numeric input of frequencies, bank, channel numbers, etc.
[3]
Figure THREE for the numeric input of frequencies, bank, channel numbers, etc.
[4]
Figure FOUR for the numeric input of frequencies, bank, channel numbers, etc.
[5]
Figure FIVE for the numeric input of frequencies, bank, channel numbers, etc.
[6]
Figure SIX for the numeric input of frequencies, bank, channel numbers, etc.
[7]
Figure SEVEN for the numeric input of frequencies, bank, channel numbers, etc.
[8]
Figure EIGHT for the numeric input of frequencies, bank, channel numbers, etc.
[9]
Figure NINE for the numeric input of frequencies, bank, channel numbers, etc.
[0]
Figure ZERO for the numeric input of frequencies, bank, channel numbers, etc.
[ENT]
Confirm entry in most menus.
In VFO mode, press this key to go to VFO-Z.
In VFO search or program search mode, press this key to transfer the detected signal
or stopped frequency to VFO-Z. The operation will be invalid while search is in
progress.
In memory read mode, press this key to transfer the current frequency to VFO-Z.
In memory scan mode, press this key to transfer the detected signal or
stopped frequency to VFO-Z. The operation will be invalid while scan is in progress.
[PASS]
This key is used to pass (skip over) unwanted active frequencies in VFO search mode
and program search mode.
In memory search mode, this key is used to switch on/off pass channel.
[MODE]
This key is to select the desired receive mode. Press this key to access the receive
mode menu. Rotate the dial knob to select the desired mode. To accept the selection,
press the [ENT] key.
Holding this key for two seconds will signal the receiver to go into digital auto mode.
12
[CLR]
This key is used to cancel frequency entry during programming or exit from a menu.
▼
In VFO search mode or program search mode, pressing this key will change frequency
upward or change search direction.
In memory mode, pressing this key will move to next channel.
In memory scan mode, pressing this key will change the scan direction or resume scan.
▲
In VFO search mode or program search mode, pressing this key will change frequency
downward or change search direction.
In memory mode, pressing this key will move to next channel.
In memory scan mode, pressing this key will change the scan direction or resume scan.
SECONDARY FUNCTIONS
Key
Press the [F], then press
this key.
VFO
SRCH
SCAN
●
1
2
3
Move to VFO-A
Set search group
Set scan group
Configure SD card
Configure tone/code squelch
Set frequency step
Set clock
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
.
ENT
PASS
MODE
CLR
Priority on/off
Set AGC (AM only)
Set search bank
Configuration menu
Data editor
Set option
Set sleep timer
Set offset
N/A
Set pass frequency
Set IF BW (Analog)
Cancel entry
Frequency can be changed
upward in 10 incremental steps
Frequency can be changed
downward in 10 incremental steps
▲
▼
13
Press and hold the [F] key
for two seconds, then
press this key
Set VFO
N/A
Set memory bank
N/A
Set voice squelch
N/A
N/A
Set priority
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Deselect pass frequency
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
2-2 REAR PANEL
1. Antenna input
This input can be used to connect either the supplied telescopic antenna or an external antenna.
When an external antenna is used, select one with 50 Ohms of impedance, unbalanced.
2. AUX output
3.5mm mono jack. The discriminator output (in FM mode only, 6kHz and 15kHz bandwidth) is 600 Ohm
nominal, -20dBm output.
3. External speaker connector
3.5mm mono jack. When an external speaker is used, the internal speaker will be disabled.
4. DC 12V input
Connect the supplied AC adapter to this connector. When using your own power supply, select one with
12V DC, 1 A. capacity. To minimize noise getting into the receiver, please avoid using any switching type
power supply.
14
3
GETTING STARTED
3-1 MAKING THE AR-DV1 READY FOR OPERATION
3-1-1 CONNECT THE ANTENNA
For reception on all bands, connect the antenna to the antenna connector on the rear panel
of the AR-DV1.
3-1-2 CONNECT POWER
Connect the power to the DC power jack on the rear panel of the AR-DV1.
The supplied AC power adapter or a regulated DC power supply (10.7 ~ 16.0 V with capacity 1A) may
be used. Do not connect to a 24 V system.
The clock will be displayed on the LCD.
(Note: To use the clock function, a power adapter must be always connected and power supplied to
the AR-DV1.)
3-2 SWITCHING ON FOR THE FIRST TIME
Press the volume knob on the front panel of the AR-DV1. This is the power switch.
As you push the volume knob, a ‘click’ will be heard.
Please be careful NOT to switch on the receiver with an earphone connected because there may be an
audible click when the unit is switched on and the volume may be accidentally set too high.
15
Opening screen
(Note: The firmware version number may vary.)
After the opening screen appears on the LCD, the main screen will then be displayed.
It will take approximately eight seconds before the main screen appears. This is a normal process to
initialize the AR-DV1.
To power off the AR-DV1, push and hold the power switch on the front panel for about two seconds.
After the “AR-DV1 SHUTDOWN” message is displayed, the receiver will automatically power off.
3-3 VOLUME CONTROL
To change the volume (audio) level, rotate the volume control knob clockwise to increase, and
counterclockwise to decrease. The audio level bar will be indicated on the LCD.
16
3-4 SQUELCH CONTROL
To change the squelch level, rotate the squelch control knob clockwise to increase, and
counterclockwise to decrease. The squelch level will be indicated on the LCD.
After setting the squelch level, the LCD will return to its original display.
While squelch opens, “B” (busy) will appear in reverse contrast on the middle left of the LCD.
3-5 VFO SELECTION
The AR-DV1 has three (3) VFOs identified as “VFO-A”, “VFO-B” and “VFO-Z” on the middle left of the
LCD.
The term VFO means ‘Variable Frequency Oscillator’, which today refers to a tunable data storage
which contains frequency, step, step-adjust, attenuator etc. Pressing the [VFO] key each time will toggle
between VFO-A and VFO-B. Note VFO-Z will be used for a different purpose.
(VFO screen)
(VFO screen with frequency database)
(VFO-Z always displays frequency database)
17
3-5-1 TUNING FREQUENCY
3-5-1-1 ENTERING A FREQUENCY USING THE NUMERIC KEYPAD
While in VFO mode, enter the required frequency using MHz format followed by the [ENT] key.
(Example) Frequency entry of 81.3 MHz
Press the [8] key. Press the [1] key. Press the [.] key. Press the [3] key. Press the [ENT] key.
(Example) Frequency entry of 1.134 MHz (1134 kHz)
Press the [1] key. Press the [.] key. Press the [1] key. Press the [3] key. Press the [4] key. Press the
[ENT] key.
Correcting frequency input
Press the [CLR] key to delete the entry from the right hand side.
3-5-1-2 CHANGING FREQUENCY USING THE MAIN DIAL
In VFO mode, the active VFO frequency may be ‘tuned’ in by using the tuning dial mounted on the right
side of the front panel. Rotate the dial ‘clockwise’ to increase the frequency or 'counterclockwise’ to
decrease the frequency.
3-5-1-3 CHANGING FREQUENCY USING [UP] KEY OR [DOWN] KEY
The [▼] key and [▲] key provide a convenient way to change the frequency.
The step size at which the frequency is incremented or decremented is the same than when frequency
is changed with the main dial.
Press the [▲] key to tune the receiver upward in the step size selected, and use the [▼] key to tune
the receiver downward in frequency.
3-5-1-4 VFO COPY
In VFO mode, press the [F] key and then the [PASS] key to copy the frequency from one VFO to another.
18
(While receiving frequency on VFO-Z, copy it to VFO-B)
To confirm selection, press the [ENT] key.
3-6 RECEIVE MODE
Due to the necessities of signal bandwidth, channel occupancy, and transmission efficiency, different
receive modes are used by various services. The tuning step and receive mode are allocated by
departments of governments following international discussions so they are not consistent throughout
the world. For this reason, it may be necessary to change receive mode to monitor various
transmissions.
AM – Amplitude Modulation
Used by broadcast services throughout the world on long-, medium-, and shortwave frequencies,
AM is also used by VHF airband, and UHF military airband.
SAM – Synchronous AM
Helps to listen to SW (Shortwave) AM broadcast stations with fading signals. The selection
between SAH (higher side band) a SAL (lower side band) allows to choose the side band with
the least noise.
FM – There are two common types of FM (Frequency Modulation):
NFM – Narrow Band Frequency Modulation
Provides high quality communication for relatively short distance operations.
FM uses a greater frequency bandwidth than other modes.
NFM is the most common mode used above 30 MHz with the exception of the airbands. NFM is
widely used on the VHF bands: VHF marine band, 2m amateur band, 70 cm amateur band, PMR
(Private Mobile Radio) and utilities.
In the absence of a signal, the background white noise may appear quite loud. For easier
listening, the squelch control should be rotated clockwise until the background noise disappears;
this should be carried out while no signal is present. The point at which the background noise is
cancelled is known as the threshold point. Do not advance the squelch control more than
necessary or the receiver will appear to be desensitized and weaker signals will be missed.
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WFM – Wide Band Frequency Modulation
Used by VHF and UHF broadcast stations because of its excellent audio quality,
this is available due to the relatively wide frequency bandwidth employed.
Used only for local services such as VHF band stereo channels.
LSB – Lower Side Band / A form of SSB (Single Side Band).
Not intended for commercial use but used extensively by Radio Amateurs on frequencies below 10
MHz. This assists in the separation of Commercial and Amateur users on traditionally shared bands
and prevents them from speaking to each other.
SSB is a very efficient method of transmission as the unwanted second sideband and carrier have
been removed. This allows the full transmitter power to be employed in carrying useful information
within the wanted sideband. As a result, greater distances are possible on SSB and a smaller
frequency bandwidth is required than with most other modes.
USB – Upper Side Band
The same comments apply as for LSB. By convention, Radio Amateurs also use USB above 10 MHz.
CW - Continuous Wave
Also referred as Carrier Wave or Morse Code.
Commonly used on the shortwave bands by Radio Amateurs toward the lower end of each band
allocation. Some commercial use is still made by shipping etc. although its use is being phased out due
to the introduction of automated stations.
3-6-1 DIGITAL AUTO MODE
When in auto mode, receive mode is set to FM and the receiver will automatically detect and decode
digital voice transmissions.
(For a worldwide directory of D-STAR repeater frequencies (classified by country and city), you may
want to check the very informative D-Star Repeater Directory site at:
http://dstarusers.org/repeaters.php )
To activate auto mode, press the [MODE] key and rotate the dial knob to select “AUTO” in the reverse
contrast on the bottom of the LCD.
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Alternatively, just long press the [MODE] key.
AUTO MODE
Note: Auto-mode is cancelled as soon as the receive mode is changed.
3-6-2 RECEIVE MODE SELECTION
Any receive mode may be selected at any frequency within the receiver’s frequency coverage.
To access the receive mode menu, press the [MODE] key.
The following modes are available:
AUTO, FM, AM, SAH, SAL, USB, LSB, CW, DSTR, YAES, DMR, D-CR, dPMR, P-25, ALINC.
AUTO mode
AM mode
DMR mode
Rotate the dial knob to select the desired receive mode.
Press the [ENT] key to confirm selection.
Note that whichever mode is selected, the default IF filter bandwidth is applied.
3-6-3 DIGITAL DATA DISPLAY
When DIG.DECODE setting in the option menu (refer to: Section 10-4) is set to ON, data information for
the received signal will be displayed on the bottom of the LCD.
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3-7 CHANGING THE FREQUENCY STEP
The specification for channel occupancy, step (separation) and mode are decided by and allocated by the
Departments of Governments following international discussions.
The allocation of frequency bands are not the same all over the world and channel separation (step)
varies from band to band. As an example, the channel separation (step) for the MW (medium wave) band
in the U.S.A. is 10 kHz, and is 9 kHz in Europe and Japan.
If you wish to change the default tuning frequency step, press the [F] key and then the [2] key. The LCD
will display the current frequency step in reverse contrast. Rotate the dial knob to select the desired step.
You have the choice between 10Hz, 50Hz, 100Hz, 500Hz, 1kHz, 2kHz, 5kHz, 6.25kHz, 7.5kHz, 8.33kHz,
9kHz, 10kHz, 12.5kHz, 15kHz, 20kHz, 25kHz, 30kHz, 50kHz, 100kHz, 500kHz.
To validate the displayed tuning step size, press the [ENT] key.
3-8 IF BANDWIDTH
The IF bandwidth determines how SELECTIVE the receiver will be when monitoring signals off air.
However, it is not simply a case of using the narrowest filter at all times; particular modes require differing
amounts of bandwidth in order to operate. Otherwise the receive system will not produce intelligible sound.
Correct receive mode and IF bandwidth must always be selected for optimum reception. If the bandwidth
selection is too narrow, distortion or signal break-up may occur. If the bandwidth selection is too wide,
adjacent interference may be encountered. For this reason, a selection of IF filter bandwidths are
provided as standard.
Typical examples of receive mode and IF bandwidth are:
200 kHz – VHF FM broadcast
30 kHz, 100 kHz – Wireless microphone, etc. (30 kHz for satellite FAX, too)
15 kHz – PMR, amateur band, etc. FM 6 kHz may also be used
6 kHz – VHF/UHF airband, short wave broadcast, medium & long wave, PMR, etc.
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3 kHz – Short wave amateur band, short wave utility such as oceanic airband etc.
500 Hz – Morse code used by radio amateurs and some marine traffic on short wave
An appropriate IF filter is automatically selected when auto mode is selected. However any
combination of IF filter and receive mode is possible in the manual mode. When you have manually
selected an IF filter bandwidth, auto mode will be cancelled, but the receive mode, frequency step, etc
will be retained until they are changed manually.
3-8-1 MANUALLY SELECTING IF BANDWIDTH
Press the [F] key and then the [MODE] key.
Select a new bandwidth from the list by rotating the dial knob. To accept the new bandwidth selection,
press the [ENT] key.
Mode
FM
AM
SAH, SAL
USB, LSB
CW
Selectable band width (kHz)
200, 100, 30, 15, 6
15, 8, 5.5, 3.8
5.5, 3.8
2.6, 1.8
0.5, 0.2
Default (kHz)
15
8
5.5
2.6
0.5
Selectable band width
Note: The IF bandwidth will be selected automatically in digital mode.
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4 ADDITIONAL SETTINGS
4-1 AGC (AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL)
AGC is available in the following AM modes: AM, SAH, SAL, USB, LSB and CW
To change the AGC parameter setting, press the [F] key and then the [5] key.
Select a new AGC parameter from the list of “AGCS (FAST)”, “AGCM (MIDDLE)”, “AGCS (SLOW)”, by
rotating the dial knob.
To accept the new AGC parameter, press the [ENT] key.
Usually, FAST is used to receive CW, MEDIUM for AM and FM, and SLOW for SSB mode.
However, this option cannot be configured in FM mode.
When AGC is set to RF-G, the RF gain control can be adjusted by the squelch knob.
4-2 ATTENUATOR
The attenuator reduces signal to the RF input stages of the AR-DV1. This helps prevent overloading due
to connection to an external antenna or when the receiver is used close to strong transmissions.
The AR-DV1 has the automatic attenuator function.
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4-3 RF GAIN
To activate the manual RF gain control, press the [F] key and then the [5] key.
Rotate the dial knob to select “RF-G”.
To change the RF gain manually, rotate the squelch knob. To cancel the manual RF gain control,
repeat the steps above.
(Note: The manual RF gain control is not available while the receiver is in AGC mode.)
4-4 KEY LOCK
Press and hold the [LOCK] key to activate the key lock function.
While activated, all front panel keys are disabled to prevent accidental misoperation of the receiver.
However, the volume and squelch controls remain operative.
To deactivate the key lock, press and hold the [LOCK] key.
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4-5 VFO SETTING
To go to the VFO setting menu, press the [F] key. Then press and hold the [VFO] key for two seconds.
Following screen will appear.
4-5-1 VFO SEARCH DELAY
The delay parameter affects the time the AR-DV1 will remain on an active frequency in VFO search
mode once the received signal has disappeared and the squelch is closed. This is particularly useful
for customizing how long the receiver will wait for a reply before continuing to search.
The parameter ranges are off, hold and 0.1 to 9.9 seconds in 0.1 second incremental steps.
(Default: 2.0 seconds)
To set the delay parameter, perform the following steps:
1. On the VFO search setting screen, use the [▼] key or [▲] key to select [DELAY].
2. Rotate the dial knob to select the delay time.
3. If “HOLD” is selected, the receiver will stop searching
4. To confirm entry, press the [ENT] key. To set other parameters, press the [▼] key.
4-5-2 VFO SEARCH FREE (PAUSE)
The search free (pause) parameter determines how long the receiver will remain on an active
frequency before resuming searching even if the signal is still busy. Search free helps keep you from
having to manually intervene to force the search to continue or use frequency lockout (pass).
The parameter ranges are off and 1 to 60 seconds. When the parameter is set to off, the receiver
remains on the busy frequency until the received signal disappears or the frequency is changed.
To set the parameter, perform the following steps:
1. In the VFO search screen, use the [▼] key or [▲] key to select [FREE].
2. Rotate the dial knob to set scan pause parameter (between 1 ~ 60 or off). To set search free to
off (zero), press the [PASS] key or enter “0” from the numeric keypad.
3. To confirm entry, press the [ENT] key. To set other parameters, press the [▼] key.
4-5-3 VFO SEARCH STORE
This menu is to select ON or OFF to save received frequencies in VFO search mode onto memory
bank 39. (Default: OFF)
26
To set the parameter, perform the following steps:
1. In the VFO search screen, use the [▼] key or [▲] key to select [STORE].
2. Rotate the dial knob to select parameter ON or OFF.
3. To confirm entry, press the [ENT] key. To set other parameters, press the [▼] key.
4-5-4 DEL.BK39
This menu is to select ON or OFF to delete all data on memory bank 39 in VFO search mode.
(Default: OFF)
To set the parameter, perform the following steps:
1. In the VFO search screen, use the [▼] key or [▲] key to select [DEL.BK39].
2. Rotate the dial knob to select parameter ON or OFF.
3. To confirm entry, press the [ENT] key. To set other parameters, press the [▼] key.
4-6 NOISE SQUELCH AND LEVEL SQUELCH
Press and hold the SQL knob for two seconds and squelch setting will be displayed.
NSQ (Noise Squelch): Available in FM mode
NSQ (A): Noise Squelch in auto mode
LSQ (Level Squelch): Level squelch
LSQ (A): Level Squelch in auto mode
Select the desired squelch type by rotating the dial knob.
Press the [ENT] key to confirm entry. Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort.
To set the squelch level, press the SQL knob and rotate the knob clockwise until background noise is
cancelled.
4-7 VOICE SQUELCH
When the voice squelch function is activated, the audio will be muted on unwanted voice signals.
The squelch parameter ranges are OFF and 0 ~ 7. (Default: 4)
To set the voice squelch parameter, perform the following steps:
1. Press the [F] key. Then press and hold the [1] key for two seconds.
2. The voice squelch setting screen will appear.
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3. Rotate the dial knob to select set voice squelch function OFF or ON. (Default: OFF)
4. To select OFF, press the [ENT] key. It will return to normal display.
5. If ON is selected, press the [▼] key to select “DELAY” parameter in reverse contrast.
6. The DELAY parameter is to set the delay time before activating voice squelch in 0.1 second increments.
(Default: 020 --- 2 seconds)
7. Press the [▼] key to select “LEVEL” parameter in reverse contrast.
8. Rotate the dial knob to set voice level parameter (between 1 ~ 7 or OFF). (Default: 4)
9. To confirm entry, press the [ENT] key. Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to cancel entry.
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5 MANAGING A SD CARD
The AR-DV1 has a built-in SD memory card interface used for voice recording and/or memory
management. To access the menu to manage the SD card, perform the following steps:
1. Insert a SD memory card with a printed label facing upward into the slot on the front panel until you
hear a click.
2. Wait until “
” icon appears on the right middle of the LCD.
3. Press the [F] key and then the [●] (SD) key. The following screen will appear.
(Example)
FREE: 00535MB/31250MB
000535MB --- Space free, 31250MB ----- Total size
(Note: If the SD card is not properly inserted into the slot, above screen will not appear.)
5-1 SD CARD INFORMATION
After performing above steps, press the [ENT] key while “VIEW->” is selected in reverse contrast.
While reading from the SD card, the following screen will appear.
The file list of the SD card will appear.
(1) Firmware version
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(2) Recorded files
(3) Search bank data
(4) Scan group data
To exit the SD card configuration menu, press the [CLR] key.
5-2 BACKUP DATA TO A SD CARD
To backup memory channel, search bank contents, or receiver’s configuration data of the AR-DV1 to a
SD card, perform the following steps:
1. Insert a SD memory card with a printed label facing upward into the slot on the front panel until
you hear a click.
2. Wait until “
” icon appears on the right middle of the LCD.
3. Press the [F] key and then the [●] (SD) key. The following screen will appear.
(Example)
4. Press the [▼] key to move the cursor to [BACKUP] parameter in reverse contrast.
5. Press the [ENT] key while “SET->” is selected in reverse contrast.
6. The following backup menu will appear.
SRCH BANK (Search Bank): Backup all search bank data --- File name: SRCHBK.CSV
SRCH GRP (Search Bank Group): Backup all search bank group data
--- File name: SRCHGRP.CSV
MEM CH (Memory Channel): Backup memory channel data --- File name: MEMCH.CSV
SCAN GRP (Scan Group): Backup all scan bank group data
--- File name: SCANGRP.CSV
SYSTEM: Backup Receiver’s configuration data --- File name: SYSTEM.CSV
Select the category and press the [ENT] key to backup data.
30
5-3 RESTORE DATA FROM A SD CARD
1. Insert a new SD memory card with a printed label facing upward into the slot on the front panel until
you hear a click.
2. Wait until “
” icon appears on the right middle of the LCD.
3. Press the [F] key and then the [●] (SD) key. The following screen will appear.
(Example)
4. Press the [▼] key to move the cursor to [LIST] parameter in reverse contrast.
5. Press the [ENT] key.
6. The file list of the SD card will be displayed.
The file list of the SD card will appear.
(1) Firmware version
(2) Recorded files
(3) Search bank data
(4) Scan group data
7. Select the desired backup file to be restored
8. Press the [ENT] key. Restore will start.
When restoring either the entire amount of data or a specific selection of data, it may be easier
to plan in advance and use a PC.
9. The prefix of file name can use any characters or numbers, however, the extension must be
always “.csv”. If there is an error of the file contents, an error message will be displayed and quit
restoring.
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5-4 RECORDING AUDIO
To record audio of the AR-DV1 on the SD memory card, perform the following steps:
1. Insert a SD memory card with a printed label facing upward into the slot on the front panel until
you hear a click.
2. Wait until “
” icon appears on the right middle of the LCD.
3. Press the [●] (SD) key. The [R] icon in reverse format will appear on the top left of the LCD.
4. To stop recording, press the [●] (SD) key again. The [R] icon will disappear.
The file name is composed of 8 digits, starting as “00000001.wav”. The following recording will be named
“00000002.wav”, and so on.
If the file name already exists, it will be overwritten. You can record up to approx. 7 hours for 1 GB.
5-5 PLAYBACK AUDIO FROM A SD CARD
To playback recorded audio of the AR-DV1 on the SD memory card, perform the following steps:
1. Insert a SD memory card with a printed label facing upward into the slot on the front panel until
you
hear a click.
2. Wait until “
” icon appears on the right middle of the LCD.
3. Press the [F] key and then the [●] (SD) key. The following screen will appear.
(Example)
4. Press the [ENT] key while “VIEW->” is selected in reverse contrast.
32
While reading from the SD card, the following screen will appear.
The file list of the SD card will appear.
(1) Firmware file
(2) Recorded files
(3) Search bank data
(4) Scan group data
5. Using the [ 5. or [▼] key, select the recorded file (in wav format).
6. Press the [ENT] key. The audio file will play back.
“P” in reverse contrast will appear on the top left of the LCD. To stop, press the [CLR] key.
When the playback is finished, “P” will disappear.
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6 MEMORY CHANNELS AND BANKS
It is convenient to store commonly used frequencies into a memory channel along with mode etc., as this
saves having to key the data in over and over again. Memory read is very straightforward and quick when
compared to retyping all data.
6-1 MEMORY CHANNEL OVERVIEW
Think of memory channels as pages in a notebook each of which is numbered to identify it. Data may
be written to each new page (memory channel) and each page may be overwritten with new data, so they
can be used over and over again. The AR-DV1 has 2,000 memory channels and one priority channel.
Each memory channel may hold:
One receive frequency
Receive mode
Tuning step
Text comment of up to 12 characters
The alphanumeric comment may be used to ease identification at a later date. The 2,000 memory
channels are divided into 40 banks, and each bank has 50 channels. The memory banks are identified
by the first BANK number 0, 1, 2, 3, …, 48, 49 and the individual channels are numbered from 00 to 49.
(Example): “1234” is the location: memory bank “12” and memory channel “34”
The data contents of memory and search banks are held in an EEPROM so that no backup battery is
required for memory retention.
The stored data may be quickly and easily recalled, changed or deleted using the memory recall and
delete functions.
Note: When the receiver is switched OFF, all VFO data will be
automatically stored into EEPROM memory storage.
6-2 STORING VFO FREQUENCIES AND DATA INTO MEMORY
The process to save a displayed VFO frequency to memory is as follows:
1. In VFO mode, select the required frequency, mode, etc.
2. Press and hold the [ENT] key for two seconds. The AR-DV1 will automatically find the next
available vacant memory channel.
3. Using the keypad, select the desired memory location (bank and channel).
4. Add a text comment (optional) or delete an existing comment.
5. Press the [ENT] key to exit the menu and save the data to the specified memory location.
(Example) Storing the frequency of 145.000 MHz into memory bank “3” location “25” (0325)
while in VFO mode.
34
If a mistake is made during programming, press the [CLR] key to abort entry and return to VFO mode.
1. Start by selecting VFO mode, then enter the frequency of 123.500 MHz.
a) Press the [VFO] key to set the AR-DV1 into the VFO mode.
b) Press the [1] key.
c) Press the [4] key.
d) Press the [5] key.
e) Press the [.] (decimal) key.
f) Press the [0] key.
g) Press the [ENT] key.
2. Press and hold the [ENT] key for two seconds.
3. The bank title (BANK BANK__[BK.TITLE]) and channel title (CH CH__[CH.TITLE]) will appear
alternatively on the bottom of the LCD. If those titles are already registered, those titles will be
displayed.
4. Using the numeric keypad, enter the bank and channel number. (Four digits total)
5. Enter the title for the memory channel.
A maximum of 12 characters may be added to each memory
channel.
6. Press the [▼] key to move the cursor.
7. To protect/unprotect the memory channel, rotate the dial to select ON (protect) or OFF (unprotect).
8. Press the [ENT] key to complete memory registration.
35
6-3 MEMORY READ
Once frequency and mode data have been stored into a memory location, retrieval is quick and simple.
While in VFO mode, press the [SCAN] key.
There are 40 banks (#00 ~ 39), 50 channels per bank with the AR-DV1.
(Sample of memory read screen)
1. If you already know the memory bank and memory channel, using the numeric keyad, enter the
memory bank number (two digits) and memory channel number (two digits). Then press the [ENT]
key.
(Above screen shows memory bank #05 and memory channel #00.)
2. The AR-DV1 will monitor whatever memory channel you enter into memory read.
3. While in memory read, changing the receive mode or frequency steps, etc. will automatically update
the
memory contents.
4. If you don’t want to make changes, set memory protect to ON to avoid overwriting the contents.
5. To return to VFO mode, press the [VFO] key.
6-4 DELETE MEMORY CHANNEL
To delete memory channels, perform the following steps:
1. In the memory read mode, press the [F] key and then the [CLR] key.
2. Following screen will appear.
3. To delete the selected memory channel, press the [ENT] key. Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to
cancel entry.
4. After deleting the memory channel, it will return to VFO mode.
(Note: If the memory channel is write protected, it will not be deleted.)
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7 SCAN – SCANNING MEMORY CHANNELS
The AR-DV1 has a scan mode whereby the contents stored in the memory channels are automatically
recalled and monitored very quickly for activity – scanned.
(Note: It is important that you do not confuse SCAN and SEARCH modes.)
SEARCH mode (covered later in this manual) automatically tunes the receiver through all frequencies
between two specified frequency limits looking for active frequencies.
7-1 SCAN – OUTLINE INTRODUCTION
During scan, the AR-DV1 automatically recalls memory channels which contain data in numeric order
and monitors looking for activity. When an ‘active’ memory channel is located (when a signal is found
and the squelch is open), the AR-DV1 will temporarily stop scanning.
7-2 STARTING SCAN
Presuming that some memory channels are programmed with data, from the Memory Read mode screen
(“MEM” is displayed), start the scan process with one press of the [SCAN] key. Once the scan process has
been started, “SCN” and a bank number will be displayed representing the current bank.
Ensure that the squelch is set to the threshold point so that background noise is cancelled and
the squelch closes (otherwise scan will not operate).
When scan has been selected, only the currently displayed memory bank which contains data will be
scanned, and receive mode and frequency are not important. Any memory channels which contain no data
(empty) will be ignored and skipped.
7-3 SELECTING A SCAN BANK
The memory bank identifier (such as “03”) will be displayed on the middle of the LCD.
If more than one memory channel is programmed into the current memory bank, and when an ‘active’
channel has been located (busy, so the squelch opens), the scan process will temporarily pause on the
active channel. The memory location (such as “25”) will be displayed along with any accompanying text.
To select another memory bank for scanning, rotate the dial knob or enter the two digits of the memory
bank number from the numeric keypad.
To exit from scan mode, press the [VFO] key.
7-4 LOCKING OUT UNWANTED ACTIVE MEMORY CHANNELS (PASS)
It is possible to lock out (PASS) unwanted memory channels while in scan mode. This is useful to
eliminate unwanted permanent transmissions. It is important to understand the PASS function before
37
taking action or transmissions may be missed.
In memory read mode or while stopped on an unwanted frequency, press the [PASS] key.
Pressing the [PASS] key again on the same memory channel will de-select pass channel.
The scan process will resume. It will appear that all channels are still scanned, however, locked
out channels will be ‘skipped’, the scan will not stop on locked out channels.
7-5 SCAN GROUP
The AR-DV1 has 20 scan groups to be used with the bank link function and other functions.
The following parameters can be registered for each of the scan groups.
•
Bank link setting
•
Scan pause
•
Scan delay
To set up scan group, press the [F] key and then the [SCAN] key.
7-5-1 BANK LINK SETTING
1. There are 10 scan groups and the group number can be selected between 0 ~ 9.
Rotate the dial knob to select the scan group. Then press the [▼] key to go to the bank select menu.
You can also use the numeric keypad to select the scan group.
To return to scan group selection menu, press the [▲] key.
2. Rotate the dial knob to select the bank link group. Pressing the [PASS] key will toggle the link on and
off.
3. Press the [ENT] key to complete setting or press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
7-5-2 SCAN DELAY
The scan delay parameter affects the time the AR-DV1 will remain on an active channel in the scan
mode once the received signal has disappeared and the squelch is closed. This is particularly useful
38
for customizing how long the receiver will wait for a reply before continuing to scan.
The parameter ranges are off, hold and 0.1 to 9.9 seconds in 0.1 second increments.
(Default: 2.0 seconds)
To set the scan delay parameter, perform the following steps:
1. On the scan group setting screen, use the [▼] key or [▲] key to select [DELAY].
2. Rotate the dial knob to select the scan delay.
3. If “HOLD” is selected, the receiver will stop scanning
4. To confirm entry, press the [ENT] key. To set other parameters, press the [▼] key.
7-5-3 SCAN PAUSE
The scan pause parameter determines how long the receiver will remain on an active channel before
resuming scanning even if the channel is still busy. Scan pause helps keep you from having to manually
intervene to force the scan to continue or use channel lockout (pass).
The parameter ranges are off and 1 to 60 seconds. When the parameter is set to off, the receiver remains
on the busy channel until the received signal disappears or the memory channel is changed.
To set the scan pause parameter, perform the following steps:
1. On the scan group setting screen, use the [▼] key or [▲] key to select [FREE].
2. Rotate the dial knob to set scan pause parameter (between 1 ~ 60 or off). To set scan pause to
off (zero), press the [PASS] key or enter “0” from the numeric keypad.
3. To confirm entry, press the [ENT] key.
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8 SEARCH MODE
In search mode, the AR-DV1 is programmed to automatically tune between two specified frequency
limits looking for activity.
Before activating search mode, the squelch must be set to the threshold where
the background noise disappears.
8-1 SEARCH TYPE
The AR-DV1 is equipped with VFO search, program search.
VFO SEARCH = Search between two VFO frequencies
PROGRAM SEARCH = Search between user preprogrammed frequency limits
8-1-1 VFO SEARCH
The VFO search is the easiest way of searching without programming.
When the VFO-A is selected as a primary VFO, the AR-DV1 will search between two frequencies
on VFO-A and VFO-B with receive mode, frequency step set in the VFO-A.
VFO search screen
To activate the VFO search, perform the following steps:
1. In VFO mode, press and hold either the [VFO] key, [▼] key, or [▲] key for more than two seconds.
The search process starts. The search direction can be changed by rotating the dial knob or
pressing
the [▼] key or [▲] key.
2. When the receiver stops on a busy frequency, you can resume manual search by rotating the dial
knob or pressing the [▼] key or [▲] key.
3. While the receiver stops on receive signal, pressing the [PASS] key will register the receive
frequency to the VFO pass frequencies. This frequency will be locked out (passed) after the next
search and will not be received.
4. To stop the VFO search, press the [VFO] key.
To delete pass frequencies, perform the following steps:
1. While stopped on unwanted frequency, press and hold the [PASS] key for two seconds.
The following screen will appear.
2. Rotate the dial knob to select the desired frequencies to be deleted.
3. To delete all pass frequencies, press the [F] key and then the [PASS] key.
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8-1-2 PROGRAM SEARCH
The AR-DV1 has 40 program search banks (referred to simply as search banks) which can be
programmed with specific parameters:
LO (lower) start frequency
HI (upper) stop frequency
Receive mode (or set to AUTO MODE)
Text comment
The program search banks are identified by numbers (00 ~ 39). To help with identification, each bank
may be labeled with an alphanumeric text comment.
8-1-2-1 STARTING PROGRAM SEARCH
Presuming that data is already stored into a search bank.
Press the [SRCH] key to start the program search process.
“SER” icon will be displayed on the top left of the LCD. As long as the squelch is closed, the
search process will start from the lower frequency limit and will progress toward the upper frequency
limit. When the program limit is reached, the search loops around and starts the process again.
Note: If no search banks have been programmed, the search will not operate.
8-1-2-2 REVERSING THE SEARCH DIRECTION
To reverse the search direction, rotate the dial knob or press the [▼] key or the [▲] key.
This is useful to enable you to search back over an interesting point of the search process.
8-1-2-3 FORCING THE SEARCH TO RESUME
If the AR-DV1 stops on an unwanted busy frequency, rotate the dial knob or press the [▼] key or
[▲] key to force the search process to resume from the current frequency displayed.
8-1-2-4 STOPPING THE SEARCH
While the search process is in progress (not stopped), press the [VFO] key (displaying the data
on-screen before search was started).
8-1-2-5 SELECTION OF SEARCH BANK
There are 40 search banks. Select a search bank by entering its two digit number into the keypad.
41
8-1-2-6 PROGRAMMING A SEARCH BANK
Each of the 40 search banks may be programmed with different frequency limits, receive modes, etc.
To program a search bank, perform the following steps:
1. Press the [F] key and then the [6] key to access the search program menu.
The next available or vacant search bank number will be displayed.
2. Rotate the dial knob to select the search bank to program or overwrite.
You may use the keypad to enter a 2 digit number to select the search bank number.
3. Press the [▼] key to move the cursor downward to select [L.FRQ.]
Using the numeric keypad, enter the lower frequency limit in MHz format.
4. Press the [ENT] key. After an entry of the frequency, the cursor will automatically move downward
to [U.FRQ.]
5. Using the numeric keypad, enter the upper frequency limit in MHz format.
6. Press the [ENT] key. After an entry of the frequency, the cursor will automatically move downward
to [STEP].
7. Rotate the dial knob to select the frequency step. You may use the keypad for entry.
In this setting, pressing the [PASS] key will move to step adjustment setting screen. (optional)
8. Press the [▼] key to move to [MODE] on the next page.
9. Select the desired mode in the range of available analog and digital modes.
10. Rotate the dial to select the desired IF filter bandwidth.
11. Press the [▼] key to move the cursor downward to select [TITLE].
12. Using the keypad, enter the search bank title. Move the cursor using the dial. If needed you can
erase a character with the [▲] key.
13. Press the [▼] key to move the cursor downward to select [PROTECT].
14. Rotate the dial knob to select ON or OFF.
15. Press the [ENT] key to confirm all entries or press [CLR] to abort.
8-1-2-7 LOCKING OUT UNWANTED ACTIVE FREQUENCIES (PASS)
It is possible to lock out (pass) unwanted frequencies while in the program search mode. This is
useful to eliminate unwanted permanent transmissions. Up to 30 pass frequencies can be registered
for each search bank. A total of 1200 pass frequencies can be registered in the AR-DV1. It is
important to understand the pass function before taking action or transmissions may be missed.
To pass the frequency in search mode, press the [PASS] key while stopped on an unwanted frequency.
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8-1-2-8 DELETING PASS FREQUENCIES
To delete pass frequencies, perform the following steps:
1. While stopped on unwanted frequency, press and hold the [PASS] key for two seconds.
The following screen will appear.
2. Above screen displays the last selected search bank. Rotate the dial knob to select the
desired search bank that contains the frequency to be deleted.
3. Press the [▼] key and then the [PASS] key to delete pass frequency.
4. To delete all pass frequencies in the current search bank, press the [F] key and then the
[PASS] key.
8-1-2-9 DELETING SEARCH BANK
To delete search bank, perform the following steps:
1. While on program search receive mode, press the [F] key and then the [CLR] key.
The following screen will appear
.
2. Rotate the dial knob to select the desired search bank to be deleted.
3. Press the [ENT] key. Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to cancel entry.
After deleting the search bank, it will return to VFO-A mode.
8-2 SEARCH GROUP
The AR-DV1 has 20 search groups to be used with the bank link function and other functions.
The following parameters can be registered for each of the search groups.
•
Bank link setting
•
Search pause
•
Search delay
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To set up a search group, press the [F] key, then press the [SRCH] key.
8-2-1 BANK LINK SETTING
1. There are 10 search groups and the group number can be selected between 0 ~ 9.
Rotate the dial knob to select the search group. Then press the [▼] key to go to bank select menu.
You can also use the numeric keypad to select the search group.
To return to Search group selection menu, press the [▲] key.
2. Rotate the dial knob to select the bank link group. Pressing the [PASS] key will toggle the link ON
and
OFF.
3. Press the [ENT] key to complete setting or press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
8-2-2 SEARCH DELAY
The search delay parameter affects the time the AR-DV1 will remain on an active channel in the search
mode once the received signal has disappeared and the squelch is closed. This is particularly useful
for customizing how long the receiver will wait for a reply before continuing to search.
The parameter ranges are off, hold and 0.1 to 9.9 seconds in 0.1 second increments.
(Default: 2.0 seconds)
To set the search delay parameter, perform the following steps:
1. On the search group setting screen, use the [▼] key or [▲] key to select [DELAY].
2. Rotate the dial knob to select the search delay.
3. If “HOLD” is selected, the receiver will stop searching
4. To confirm entry, press the [ENT] key. To set other parameters, press the [▼] key.
8-2-3 SEARCH PAUSE
The search pause parameter determines how long the receiver will remain on an active frequency before
resuming searching even if the channel is still busy. Search pause helps keep you from having to
manually intervene to force the search to continue or use channel lockout (pass).
The parameter ranges are off and 1 to 60 seconds. When the parameter is set to off, the receiver remains
on the busy frequency until the received signal disappears or the search frequency is changed.
To set the search pause parameter, perform the following steps:
1. On the search group setting screen, use the [▼] key or [▲] key to select [FREE].
2. Rotate the dial knob to set search pause parameter (between 1 ~ 60 or off). To set search pause to
off (zero), press the [PASS] key or enter “0” from the numeric keypad.
3. To confirm entry, press the [ENT] key.
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9 CONFIGURATION MENU
The configuration menu is used to set fundamental operating parameters and other variables which
do not appear in any menu heading.
To access the configuration menu, press the [F] key and then the [7] key.
CONFIGURATION MENU 1/4
BEEP
Confirmation tone
CONTRAST
Adjust LCD contrast
BACKLIGHT
LCD illumination
DIMMER
LCD dimmer
CONFIGURATION MENU 2/4
KEY COLOR
Keypad illumination color
SQL.SKIP
Record audio continuously/ stop while squelch closes
ID
Set receiver’s identification number
REMOTE.BPS
Data communication speed
CONFIGURATION MENU 3/4
RES.CODE
PROTECT
FIRM VER
Display the firmware of the receiver
SER.
Serial number of the receiver
CONFIGURATION MENU 4/4
SYS.UPDARE
Firmware update
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9-1 CONFIGURE BEEP
The AR-DV1 emits confirmation ‘beeps’ while the keypad is used to indicate correct operation.
The volume of the beep is independent of the volume control and can be separately defined. It is
recommended that the beep function be enabled to confirm data entry.
To access the configuration menu, press the [F] key and then the [7] key.
Press the [▼] key to select “BEEP” parameter in reverse contrast. Rotate the dial knob to select the
desired beep level between the range of OFF and 1 to 7 (loudest). (Default: 2)
Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
Or, press the [▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
9-2 CONFIGURE CONTRAST
The AR-DV1 is equipped with variable LCD contrast which is adjustable in 64 steps to provide the best
visibility under different viewing angles. The default setting for contrast is 25.
To access the configuration menu, press the [F] key and then the [7] key.
Press the [▼] key to select “CONTRAST” parameter in reverse contrast. Rotate the dial knob to select
the desired setting between the range of 00 ~ 50.
Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
Or, press the [▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
9-3 CONFIGURE BACKLIGHT
The AR-DV1 is equipped with high intensity LEDs to illuminate the LCD when operating in areas of low
level lighting. The backlight lamp may be configured in three ways:
OFF
The lamp remains permanently extinguished. This is useful for areas with high light levels.
ON
The lamp will continuously illuminate the LCD and keypad.
AUTO This is default setting. The lamp will automatically illuminate the LCD and keypad when the front
panel is used or squelch opens. The lamp will remain illuminated for five seconds after the last
key is pressed. Then it will turn off.
To access the configuration menu, press the [F] key and then the [7] key.
Press the [▼] key to select “BACKLIGHT” parameter in reverse contrast. Rotate the dial knob to select the
desired setting.
46
Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
Or press the [▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
9-4 CONFIGURE DIMMER
The AR-DV1 is equipped with high intensity LEDs to illuminate the LCD when operating in areas of low
level lighting.
The dimmer function adjusts the brightness of the backlit lamp and may be configured in two ways:
OFF
This is default setting. The lamp will illuminate normally.
ON
The brightness of the display may be decreased by approximately 50%. However, the
brightness
of the keypad will not be changed.
To access the configuration menu, press the [F] key and then the [7] key.
Press the [▼] key to select “DIMMER” parameter in reverse contrast. Rotate the dial knob to select the
desired setting.
Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
Or, press the [▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
9-5 CONFIGURE KEYCOLOR
The AR-DV1 is equipped with high intensity LEDs to illuminate the keypad.
The color of the keypad may be configured in eight ways:
OFF (default)
The keypad will not be illuminated all the time.
The color of the backlit keypad can be selected from the following: BLUE, RED, MAGENTA,
GREEN, CYAN, YELLOW, ORANGE
To access the configuration menu, press the [F] key, and then press the [7] key.
Press the [▼] key to select “KEYCOLOR” parameter in reverse contrast. Rotate the dial knob to select
the desired setting.
Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
Or, press the [▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
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9-6 CONFIGURE SQL.SKIP
The squelch skip menu is used to configure the SD card voice recording when squelch is open or closed.
When squelch skip is set to OFF, the recording process will take place even when the squelch is closed
and no audio signal is present.
When squelch skip is set to ON, the recording process will take place only when the squelch is opened
and an audio signal is present. This is the default setting.
To access the configuration menu, press the [F] key and then the [7] key.
Press the [▼] key to select “SQL.SKIP” parameter in reverse contrast.
Rotate the dial knob to select the desired setting.
Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
Or, press the [▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
9-7 CONFIGURE ID
It is possible to change the receiver’s Identification address when multiple units are connected to the same
port.
It is possible to connect up to 99 units at once while each receiver is assigned a different address.
The value is adjustable between 00 ~ 99. The default setting is 00.
To access the configuration menu, press the [F] key and then the [7] key.
Press the [▼] key to select “ID” parameter in reverse contrast. Rotate the dial knob to select the desired
setting between the range of 00 ~ 99.
Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
Or, press the [▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
9-8 CONFIGURE REMOTE.BPS (BAUD RATE)
The Remote BPS Set menu is used to configure the communication port control settings as it is
important that they exactly match those of an associated computer connection.
To access the configuration menu, press the [F] key and then the [7] key.
48
Press the [▼] key to select “REMOTE.BPS” parameter in reverse contrast. Rotate the dial knob to select
the desired baud rate from 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200 bps. The default setting is 115200 bps.
Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
Or, press the [▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
9-9 CONFIGURE RES.CODE (RESULT CODE)
The RES.CODE set menu is used to choose if the result code to be added at the head of the response
message of the remote command.
The selection is ON or OFF. The default setting is ON.
To access the configuration menu, press the [F] key and then the [7] key.
Press the [▼] key to select “RES.CODE” parameter in reverse contrast. Rotate the dial knob to select
ON or OFF.
Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
Or, press the [▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
9-10 CONFIGURE LAST CHANNEL PROTECT
This menu is used to configure if the last channel memory is to be write-protected.
The selection is ON or OFF. The default setting is OFF.
Please refer to “Last Channel Memory” for details.
To access the configuration menu, press the [F] key and then the [7] key.
Press the [▼] key to select “PROTECT” parameter in reverse contrast. Rotate the dial knob to select the
ON or OFF.
Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
Or, press the [▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
49
9-11 CONFIGURE FIRM VER (FIRMWARE VERSION)
To display the current firmware version of the AR-DV1, perform the following steps:
1. Press the [F] key and then the [7] key.
2. Press the [▼] key to select “FIRM VER”. The current firmware version of the AR-DV1 will be
displayed.
Press the [ENT] key to return to a standard display. Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
Or, press the [▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
9-12 CONFIGURE SYS.UPDATE (SYSTEM UPDATE)
This menu is to update the firmware of the AR-DV1. The new firmware may be updated using the firmware
file downloaded onto a SD card.
New firmware versions will be available at http://www.aorusa.com/receivers/ar-dv1.html
To update the firmware, perform the following steps:
1. Insert the SD card with the new firmware file into the card slot on the front panel of the AR-DV1 receiver.
2. Press the [F] key and then the [7] key.
3. Press the [▼] key to select “SYS.UPDATE”and validate with the [ENT] key.
4. The firmware file will be displayed as shown here.
Example of the firmware files
5. Using the [▼] key or [▲] key, select the desired firmware file from the list (if there is more than one
version in the SD card).
6. Press the [ENT] key. Update process will start.
7. The update procedure takes 1 or 2 minutes. Once complete, disconnect the power (just switching the
receiver off is not sufficient).
8. After 30 seconds, reconnect the power and turn the receiver on.
(Note: The update process will re-initialize all receiver settings but memory banks content remains
unchanged)
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10 OPTION MENU
10-1 ACCESS OPTION MENU
To access the menu for other options, perform the following steps:
1. Press the [F] key and then the [9] key.
2. Following screen will appear.
10-2 NR (NOISE REDUCTION)
Noise reduction function is effective for random noise on the receive signal.
1. Rotate the dial knob to select the level from the choice of OFF, LOW, MID, and HIGH. (Default: OFF)
2. Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry. Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry, or press the
[▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
10-3 NOTCH (AUTO NOTCH)
Auto notch function is effective for cycle noise on the receive signal.
1. Rotate the dial knob to select the level from the choice of OFF, LOW, MID, and HIGH. (Default: OFF)
2. Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry. Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry, or press the
[▼] key to move to the next item on the configuration menu.
10-4 DIG.DECODE (DIGITAL SIGNAL DECODE)
When activated, character information such as call sign in digital mode can be displayed at the bottom of
the LCD.
10-5 CTCSS (CONTINUOUS TONE CONTROLLED SQUELCH SYSTEM)
CTCSS function will enable the AR-DV1 to selectively receive only specifically modulated sub-audible
tones or to verify the CTCSS frequency used.
(Note: This function operates only in FM mode with less than 30 kHz of IF-BW.)
To activate the function, perform the following steps:
1. Press the [F] key and then the [1] key.
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2. Press the [▼] key to select “SQL” parameter in reverse contrast.
3. Rotate the dial knob to select “CTC” in reverse contrast.
4. Press the [▼] key to select “CTCSS” parameter in reverse contrast.
5. Rotate the dial knob to select the desired CTCSS tone frequency from the range of 60 Hz ~ 254.1 Hz
as shown on the list below. To set CTCSS off, select “OFF”. Selecting “SRCH” will activate tone
search function.
6. Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
60.0
77.0
91.5
107.2
123.0
146.2
165.5
179.9
196.6
218.1
250.3
67.0
69.3
71.9
79.7
82.5
85.4
94.8
97.4
100.0
110.9
114.8
118.8
127.3
131.8
136.5
151.4
156.7
159.8
167.9
171.3
173.8
183.5
186.2
189.9
199.5
203.5
206.5
225.7
229.1
233.6
254.1
CTCSS frequencies (in Hz)
Default: 60.0 Hz
74.4
88.5
103.5
120.0
141.3
162.2
177.3
192.8
210.7
241.8
10-6 DCS (DIGITAL CODED SQUELCH)
DCS function is used to decode a selected digital code that uses 23 bit code data sent lower than the
voice frequency. The data speed is 134.3 bit/sec in NRZ (Non-Return-Zero) format FM modulation.
(Note: This function operates only in the FM mode with less than 30 kHz of IF-BW.)
To activate the function, perform the following steps:
1. Press the [F] key and then the [1] key.
2. Press the [▼] key to select “SQL” parameter in reverse contrast.
3. Rotate the dial knob to select “DCS” in reverse contrast.
4. Press the [▼] key to select “DCS” parameter in reverse contrast.
5. Rotate the dial knob to select the desired DCS code from the list below. To set DCS off, select “OFF”.
Selecting “SRCH” will activate DCS search function.
6. Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
52
017
051
116
156
243
266
346
434
466
612
723
023
053
122
162
244
271
351
432
503
624
731
025
054
125
165
245
274
356
445
506
627
732
026
065
131
172
246
306
364
446
516
631
734
031
032
071
072
132
134
174
205
251
252
311
315
365
371
452
454
523
526
632
654
743
754
DCS codes
Default:017
036
073
143
212
255
325
411
455
532
662
043
074
145
223
261
331
412
462
546
664
047
114
152
225
263
332
413
464
565
703
050
115
155
226
265
343
423
465
606
712
10-7 SCR (ANALOG VOICE DESCRAMBLER)
(Not available for US consumer version)
Analog voice descrambler is used to decode scrambled analog voice transmission by frequency
inversion.
(Note: This function operates only in FM mode with less than 30 kHz of IF-BW.)
To activate the function, perform the following steps:
1. Press the [F] key and then the [1] key.
2. Press the [▼] key to select “SQL” parameter in reverse contrast.
3. Rotate the dial knob to select “SCR” in reverse contrast.
4. Press the [▼] key to select “V.SCR” parameter in reverse contrast.
5. Rotate the dial knob to select the inversion frequency from the range of 2000 Hz ~ 7000 Hz in 10 Hz
steps. (Default: 2000 Hz) Once properly selected, the decoded voice becomes intelligible.
6. Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
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11 MISCELLANEOUS FUNCTIONS
11-1 FREQUENCY STEP AND STEP ADJUST
11-1-1 FREQUENCY STEP
To select frequency step, perform the following steps.
1. Press the [F] key and then the [2] key.
2. Rotate the dial knob to select one of the following preset frequency steps:
0.01kHz (10Hz), 0.05kHz (50Hz), 0.1kHz (100Hz), 0.5kHz (500Hz), 1kHz, 2kHz, 5kHz,
6.25kHz,
7.5kHz, 8.33kHz, 9kHz, 10kHz, 12.5kHz, 15kHz, 20kHz, 25kHz, 30kHz, 50kHz,
100kHz, 500kHz.
3. Press the [ENT] key to confirm entry or press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
11-1-2 STEP ADJUST
Step adjust function is used when the receiving frequency is not divisible by the current step size to follow
unusual band plans.
(Example):
To activate the step adjust function, perform the following steps:
1. Press the [F] key and then the [2] key.
2. Press the [PASS] key.
54
3. Rotate the dial knob to select the preset step adjust frequency. In above sample frequency setting,
a half of the current frequency step (i.e. 10kHz) will be initially selected. Note that the step adjust can
be selected only less than a half of current frequency.
(Note: The step frequency must be higher than 0.1kHz to use this function.)
4. Press the [ENT] key to confirm entry or press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
11-2 DIAL KNOB SETTING
In normal conditions, the dial knob increments or decrements the frequency by STEP SIZE currently set,
for each “click” when the dial is turned.
To check the current step size:
1. Press the [F] key and then the [2] key.
2. Current step frequency will be displayed at the bottom left of the LCD in reverse contrast.
3. Rotate the dial knob to select another step if needed.
4. Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to standard display.
There is the possibility to temporarily multiply that step size by a factor of ten, at which the frequency is
changed.
To select the multiplying function: press the [F] key, then rotate the dial to change the frequency.
Press [F] again to return to normal speed.
The step size multiplication function does also work for the [▼] key and [▲] tuning keys above the dial
knob.
11-3 CLOCK / TIMER
The AR-DV1 is equipped with a real time clock capable of 24 H format displaying hours, minutes, and
seconds.
(Caution: To use the clock function, power MUST be connected all the time. Disconnecting power will
erase clock and timer settings)
11-3-1 INITIAL SET
To access the clock set menu, perform the following steps:
11-3-1-1 TIME SETTING
1. Press the [F] key and then the [3] key. Below screen will appear on the LCD.
55
2. Press the [▼] key to select “CLOCK” parameter in reverse format.
3. Using the numeric keypad, enter the current time in YY-MM-MM HH:MM format.
4. Press the [ENT] key to accept entry.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
11-3-2 ALARM / TIMER CONFIGURATION
To access the ALARM/TIMER menu, perform the following steps:
1. Press the [F] key and then the [3] key.
2. While ALARM/TIMER parameter (SET->) is selected in reverse contrast, press the [ENT] key.
3. Following screen will appear.
4. Press the [▼] key to select “NUMBER” in reverse contrast.
5. The AR-DV1 is equipped with three independent alarm/timer functions. Rotate the dial knob to
select the number (from 1 ~ 3) to set ALARM/TIMER.
6. Press the [▼] key to select “TYPE” parameter in reverse contrast.
7. Rotate the dial knob to select from “ALARM”, “TIMER” or “OFF”. If “OFF” is selected,
ALARM/TIMER will not function. (Default: OFF)
8. Press the [▼] key to select “REPEATS” in reverse contrast.
9. Rotate the dial knob to select either “SINGLE” or “WEEKLY”. (Default: SINGLE)
10. Press the [▼] key to move to the next configuration menu.
11. Following screen will appear.
11-3-2-1 ALARM
When “ALARM” is selected on the above configuration menu, go to these next steps:
“SINGLE” event: The alarm function will operate one time only.
1. Using the numeric keypad, enter the start time in MM-DD HH:MM format.
2. Press the [▼] key to move cursor download.
3. Using the numeric keypad, enter the end time in MM-DD HH:MM format.
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4. Press the [ENT] key to confirm entry. Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
“WEEKLY” events: The alarm function will operate repeatedly on selected day of the week.
1. Using the numeric keypad, enter the start time in MM-DD HH:MM format.
2. Press the [▼] key to move cursor download.
3. Using the numeric keypad, enter the end time in MM-DD HH:MM format.
4. Press the [▼] key to move cursor download.
5. Rotate the dial knob to select the day of the week.
6. Press the [PASS] key to select/deselect the day. When selected, the underscore will appear on the
bottom of the selected day.
7. Repeat above step as needed.
8. Press the [ENT] key to confirm entry. Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
11-3-2-2 TIMER
The timer function is designed to record the voice signal on SD card automatically at preset time.
When “TIMER” is selected on the above configuration menu, go to these next steps:
“SINGLE” event: The alarm function will operate one time only.
1. Using the numeric keypad, enter the start time in MM-DD HH:MM format.
2. Press the [▼] key to move cursor download.
3. Using the numeric keypad, enter the end time in MM-DD HH:MM format.
4. Press the [ENT] key to confirm entry. Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
“WEEKLY” events: The alarm function will operate repeatedly on selected day of the week.
57
1. Using the numeric keypad, enter the start time in MM-DD HH:MM format.
2. Press the [▼] key to move cursor download.
3. Using the numeric keypad, enter the end time in MM-DD HH:MM format.
4. Press the [▼] key to move cursor download.
5. Rotate the dial knob to select the day of the week.
6. Press the [PASS] key to select/deselect the day. When selected, the underscore will appear on the
bottom of the selected day.
7. Repeat above step as needed.
8. Press the [▼] key to go to next configuration menu.
SRC: Select signal source
VFO:
VFO-A, VFO-B, VFO-Z (Default: VFO-A)
V-SR: VFO Search
SRCH: Program search --- Select search bank
MEMR: Memory channel --- Select memory bank, memory channel
SCAN: Memory scan --- Select memory bank. Priority channel available
ALARM VOL: Volume level (Default: 00)
(Available only when “ALARM” is selected on above configuration menu.)
(Volume level: zero (0) when “TIMER” is selected on above configuration menu.)
SQL OPEN: When set to “ON”, squelch will force to open when alarm or timer activated.
When set to “OFF”, squelch will operate according to the preset level.
(Default: OFF)
11-3-3 ALARM ACTIVATION
Once the alarm has been activated, “A” in reverse contrast will blink on the top middle of the LCD.
The AR-DV1 will switch on automatically (presuming the receiver had been switched off) on a daily basis
or weekly basis at the defined volume level and for the programmed length of time before automatically
switching off again until the same time on the following day. To cancel alarm function, press any key.
11-3-4 OPERATION DURING TIMER FUNCTION
While timer function is activated, all panel keys, squelch knob and dial knob will be disabled except the
[CLR] key.
58
By pressing and holding the [CLR] key for two seconds, the following screen will appear.
Press the [ENT] key to cancel recording and return to normal display. Recorded signals will be saved on
SD card.
If no SD card is inserted into slot, an error message will appear.
11-3-5 SLEEP TIMER
Once the sleep timer is activated, the AR-DV1 will automatically switch off after the sleep time duration
has expired.
To set sleep timer, perform the following steps:
1. Press the [F] key and then the [0] key.
2. On the sleep timer screen, rotate the dial knob to select sleep time from the period of 0, 15, 30, 60,
90, 120 minutes. (0: Sleep timer off) (2)
3. Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and the sleep timer will start.
The “S” icon with reverse contrast will start to blink. (1) Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort the
entry.
4. To deactivate the sleep timer, repeat above steps 1 and 2 then select “0”.
(Note: Do not press the volume knob while the sleep timer is activated.)
59
11-4 PRIORITY FUNCTION
The priority function enables you to carry on scanning, searching or monitoring while the AR-DV1
checks a selected frequency for activity (taken from one of the 2,000 memory channels periodically).
The priority checking is accomplished by momentarily tuning the receive circuit to the priority frequency
to see if it is active. If activity is found, the AR-DV1 will remain on the active frequency until
the signal disappears. If no activity is detected, the receiver returns to the VFO frequency, scan channel
or search bank from where it originated.
The priority function has a large number of applications and is particularly useful for keeping an eye on
a distress frequency while scanning or searching another frequency band.
Note: Depending upon the frequency and mode stored as priority, an audible click may be heard when
the priority function is in operation. This is quite normal and is caused by the internal switching of circuitry
necessary to accomplish the frequency change.
11-4-1 CONFIGURING PRIORITY CHANNEL
Once activated, the frequency is periodically checked for activity based on the preset period set by
the configuration menu.
To configure the priority function, perform the following steps:
(Example): Select memory bank 1, memory channel 30, priority sampling interval 10 seconds
1. Press the [F] key. Then press and hold the [4] key for two seconds.
The priority channel configuration menu appears.
2. Use the numeric keypad or rotate the dial knob to select the memory bank and memory channel.
3. Press the [▼] key to select “INTERVAL” parameter in reverse contrast.
4. Rotate the dial knob to select the desired time from the range of 1 ~ 99 seconds.
5. Press the [ENT] key to accept the entry and return to a standard display.
Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to abort entry.
11-4-2 ACTIVATING PRIORITY FUNCTION
To activate the priority function, press the [F] key and then the [4] key.
“PRI” will be displayed on the bottom left of the LCD.
To de-activate the function, repeat above steps.
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11-5 RESET THE AR-DV1
Resetting the AR-DV1 will return it to the original factory default settings and all memory contents will be
deleted.
There are two types of resetting; System Reset and Full Reset.
11-5-1 SYSTEM RESET
Performing System Reset will return it to the original factory default settings.
However, all search banks, search groups, memory channels, memory banks, scan groups and memory
contents will not be deleted.
To perform System Reset, perform the following steps:
1. Turn the receiver off.
2. While holding the [CLR] key, push and hold the volume knob until [Sys.Reset] is displayed on the LCD.
11-5-2 FULL RESET
Performing Full Reset will return it to the original factory default settings. All personal settings will be lost.
To perform Full Reset, perform the following steps:
1. Turn the receiver off.
2. While holding the [CLR] key, push and hold the volume and squelch knobs until [FullReset] is displayed
on the LCD.
11-6 FREQUENCY OFFSET
The frequency offset function enables receive frequency to be shifted by preprogrammed value.
This function helps quickly to track duplex transmissions or check repeater inputs/outputs.
Some offset frequencies have been preprogrammed by the factory. Frequency offset may also be
programmed manually by the user.
The locations for frequency offset storage are numbered 20 ~ 39 and cannot be changed by the user.
Locations 01 ~ 19 may be programmed by the user. To configure the frequency offset, perform the
following steps:
1. Press the [F] key and then the [ . ] (SD) key.
2. The frequency offset screen will appear.
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3. Rotate the dial knob to select the offset channel.
00:
Cannot be changed
01 ~ 19: User programmable
20 ~ 39: Preprogrammed by factory (cannot be changed)
4. To change the user programmable channel, enter the offset frequency from the numeric keypad.
5. To change the shift direction, press the [PASS] key to toggle between “+” and “-“.
6. To confirm entry, press the [ENT] key. Alternatively, press the [CLR] key to cancel entry.
11-7 LAST CHANNEL MEMORY
When the AR-DV1 is switched off, the receiver’s settings will be automatically saved on the last channel
memory and will be recalled the next time the unit is switched on.
The following parameters will be saved:
1. In VFO mode: Receive frequency
In VFO search mode: Frequency, search direction
In Program search mode: Bank number, frequency, search direction
In Memory read mode: Bank number, channel number
In Memory scan mode: Bank number, channel number, scan direction
2. Step frequency, Step adjust
3. Receive mode
4. Squelch type (Noise squelch, Level squelch, CTCSS, DCS code, ON/OFF status)
5. AGC setting
6. Optional settings (Noise Reduction, Auto Notch, Digital mode settings, etc.)
7. Last used frequency on VFO, VFO search, program search, memory bank, scan group contents
8. IF bandwidth
9. Alarm/Timer settings
10. Priority settings
To save the current settings of the AR-DV1, press the [F] key then push the volume knob.
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11-8 DATA ENTRY
Data entry can be made by the numeric keypad.
Following characters are available for data entry:
A ~ Z, 0 ~ 9, [, ], _, |, ,, . , +, -, *, /, [SPACE]
Below characters/numbers are assigned to respective keypad:
1 ->
A B C 1
2 ->
D E F 2
3 ->
G H I 3
4 ->
J K L 4
5 ->
M N 5
6 ->
O P Q 6
7 ->
R S T 7
8 ->
U V W 8
9 ->
X Y Z 9
+ - * / SPACE
0
Pressing the respective key will toggle between assigned characters.
(Example: 1 key -> A-> B-> C-> 1-> A->… )
.
[]_|,.
0 ->
Press the [CLR] key to display characters in reverse order. (A-> B-> C-> 1-> A->… )
To delete one character, press the [▲] key.
To delete entire entry, press and hold the [▲] key for two seconds.
To change the position, rotate the dial knob. Rotating clockwise will move the cursor to the right and rotating
the dial knob counterclockwise will move the cursor to the left.
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11-9 DATA EDITOR
Data Editor function is used to copy or move the information in the search banks, memory banks or memory
channels.
To access the data editor function, perform the following steps:
1. Press the [F] key and then the [8] key.
2. Following screen will appear.
COPY SRBK
Copy search bank
COPY MEMBK
Copy memory bank
COPY MEMCH
Copy memory channel
Left of the arrow: Original location
MOVE SRBK
MOVE MEMBK
MOVE MEMCH
Move search bank
Move memory bank
Move memory channel
Right of the arrow: Destination
1. To select menu, press the [▼] or [▲] key.
2. Use the numeric keypad or rotate the dial knob to select the bank or channel number.
3. To confirm entry, press the [ENT] key.
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12 PC CONTROL
12-1 USB INTERFACE
The USB (micro B) connector is designed to connect directly to the USB port of a PC. Make sure that the
USB cable that you are using is not a “charging only” cable, as this type does not allow data transfer.
All functions of the AR-DV1 can be PC controlled with Hyperterminal software, by using our COMMAND
LIST. A USB driver needs first to be installed on the PC.
12-1-1 USB DRIVER
Once the receiver is connected to the PC, Windows should automatically download and install the
necessary USB driver from Internet (providing of course that the PC is connected to internet).
Note: If Windows is not detecting the connection, the USB cable you are using is probably only a
“charging” cable, which does not allow data transfer. Please use the proper kind of cable.
Should the operating system fail to automatically install the driver, you may download it manually from:
http://www.silabs.com/products/mcu/Pages/USBtoUARTBridgeVCPDrivers.aspx
Download and install the driver version corresponding to your operating system, as described on that
page.
The following are the specifications for the communication protocol:
Communication speed (selectable by SB command): 115,200 bps (default), 57,600 bps,
38,400 bps, 19,200 bps, 9,600 bps
Data: 8 bit
Stop bit: 1
Parity: None
Flow control: None
Echo: Off
Return Code: (PC
AR-DV1): <CR>(0x0d) <LF> ignore
Return Code: (AR-DV1
PC): <CR><LF>(0x0d, 0x0a)
12-2 REMOTE CONTROL STATUS
Connect the AR-DV1 to a PC and turn power on to the AR-DV1.
When any data is sent from a PC to the AR-DV1, then the AR-DV1 will respond to the command and go
into the remote control mode.
While in the remote control mode, front panel keys, knobs, and main dial will be disabled except [MHz]
key.
To exit from the control command mode, press the [MHz] or send EX command.
The KEYLOCK function will also be disabled while in the remote control mode.
While Timer Recording is activated, TX, TR, and ZP commands are rejected.
When the AR-DV1 is switched off, only the ZP command (power on command) is accepted.
65
12-3 COMMAND FORMAT
<command><CR>
<command><parameter><CR>
<command><parameter 1><SP><parameter 2><SP><parameter 3><CR>
Each command is completed with a <CR>(0x0d).
There is no space between <command> and <parameter>
Note: SP -- Space
Each command consists of two upper case letters (header) along with operations as required.
All commands use ASCII code which MUST BE IN UPPER CASE (except for the up arrow key,
down arrow key.)
12-4 RESPONSE FORMAT
Although there is no local echo, a specified response should come back from the AR-DV1 after
confirming the correct command. If an invalid command is sent to the AR-DV1, [ ? <CR><LF> (0x3f, 0x0d,
0x0a) ] will be returned as an unrecognized command.
NORMAL RESPONSE
<SP><CR><LF> (0x20, 0x0d, 0x0a) to a valid command (without parameter).
<value><SP><CR><LF> to a valid command (with one parameter.)
<value 1><SP><value 2><SP>…<CR><LF> to a valid command (with two parameters)
RESPONSE BY RESULT CODES
Two digits number will be added to the head of the response.
Example 1: Acquire noise squelch level (NQ command)
Command NQ
Response 20NQ35<SP><CR><LF>
(Normal response: NQ35<SP><CR>LF>)
Example 2: Set Audio gainl (AG command) to 10
Command AG10
Response 20<SP><CR><LF>
(Normal response: <SP><CR><LF>)
RESULT CODES
The result codes are used to display the response to the command with 2 digits number. By using the
result codes, it’s easier to identify the response if it is valid, invalid, or continuous status.
First digit: Valid or invalid
1 --- Valid command from AR-DV1 (Automatically sent from the AR-DV1)
2 --- Valid response from PC (Acknowledgement to PC command)
3 --- Invalid command (Not executable)
4 --- Invalid command (Command error, invalid parameter)
5 --- Invalid command (Invalid parameter – out of range)
Second digit: Response status
0 --- Last column or single column
1 --- Continuous column
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12-5 COMMAND LIST
Summary:
Command
AC
AL
BK
BS
CN
DC
DJ
DL
DT
FD
FR
HN
LB
LD
LN
LS
MA
MD
MM
MQ
MS
MX
NR
OL
PD
PP
PT
QP
RF
RI
RR
RT
SA
SC
SD DIR
SD FMT
SD MMR
SD PLY
SD REC
SD RSQ
SG
SI
SP
SR
ST
SX
TR
VE
VQ
VS
ZI
ZK
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R
R
W
W
W
W
R/W
R/W
W
R/W
R/W
W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R
W
W
W
W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R
R/W
W
R/W
R/W
R/W
W
R/W
W
Function
AGC
Alarm
Bank link
Scope mode
Tone frequency
Encryption code
Digital data
Delay time
Clock
Acquire scope data
Free duration
Pre-selection filter
LCD backlit
LCD dimmer
LCD contrast
Auto notch
Memory channel
Detector mode
Last ch. memory
Delete memory ch.
Memory scan
Set memory ch.
Noise reduction
Offset frequency
Delete pass freq.
Priority channel
Protect
Turn power off
Receive frequency
Reverse TSQ
Reverse tone freq.
Receiver status
Stereo decode
Inversion freq.
File list
SD format
File restore
Play back
Record
Squelch skip
Search group
Voice inversion
Sleep timer
Read search bank
Step frequency
Delete search bk
Record timer
Set VFO
Voice squelch
VFO search
Receiver ID
Next channel data
Page
73
77
90
94
71
72
72
76
77
94
77
74
79
79
79
74
92
69
83
93
92
92
75
75
91
76
79
68
68
72
72
81
77
76
84
86
87
85
85
86
90
76
78
89
69
89
78
88
71
88
80
70
Command
AG
AS
BP
CI
DB
DI
DK
DS
EX
FP
GL
IF
LC
LM
LQ
LT
MB
MG
MP
MR
MW
NQ
OF
OX
PO
PR
PW
RE
RG
RN
RS
RX
SB
SD DEL
SD DMP
SD INF
SD MMW
SD PST
SD REN
SE
SH
SL
SQ
SS
SU
TI
VD
VF
VR
WI
ZJ
ZP
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R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R
R/W
W
R/W
R
R/W
R/W
R
R/W
R/W
W
R/W
R/W
W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R
W
R/W
R/W
R/W
W
R
R/W
W
W
R
W
R
W
W
R/W
R/W
R/W
W
R/W
R/W
R/W
W
R
R
W
W
Function
Audio gain
Auto store
Beep level
Tone squelch on/off
Display database
DCS on/off
Acquire digital data
DCS code
Quit remote mode
Scope span
Acquire scope data
IF bandwidth
Frequency data output
S-meter value
Level squelch
S-meter signal report
Delete memory bank
Scan group
Pass channel
Memory read mode
Memory bank
Noise squelch
Offset receive
Monitor/offset
Priority receive
Pass frequency
Pass frequency
Result code
Manual gain
Serial number
Reset
Receiver status
Remote speed
Delete file
File dump
Acquire card file size
File backup
Card access status
Rename file
Set search bank
Step adjust
Search bank low limit
Squelch select
Program search
Search bank high limit
Priority interval
Valid digital mode
VFO
Firmware version
Acquire receiver type
Previous channel data
Turn power on
Page
68
90
79
71
74
71
73
72
70
94
94
74
80
80
71
80
93
93
93
92
93
71
75
75
75
91
91
81
73
83
83
82
82
86
87
84
87
85
86
89
69
90
70
89
90
76
73
88
83
83
70
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COMMAND DETAILS
BASIC CONTROL
POWER ON, CONNECT
ZP
Power on
POWER OFF, DISCONNECT
QP
Power off
AUDIO GAIN
AG
AGnn
ZPnn / ZP (nn = 00 ~ 99 : ID) (default: 00)
Response: AOR AR-DV1 VER. XXXX READY
Result code: 10 --- AR-DV1 VER. XXXX READY
20 --- Turned on successfully (AR-DV1)
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: The Power supply must be connected.
QPnn /QP (nn = 00 ~ 99 : ID) (default: 00)
Response: AOR AR-DV1 GOTO SHUTDOWN
Result code: 10 --- Power off completed
20 --- Power off processing
(AR-DV1 GOTO SHUTDOWN)
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: The Power supply must be connected.
(nn: 00 ~ 99) (default: 00)
To read: AG<CR>
Response: AGnn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
RECEIVE FREQUENCY
RF
RFnnnn.nnnnn
To read: RF<CR>
(nn: in MHz, Range: 0.1 ~ 1300.0)
Response: RFnnnn.nnnnn (in MHz)
Result code: 20 --- Set successfully
30 --- Entered the invalid frequency for the current receive mode
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: In VFO mode, setting frequency becomes the receive frequency.
In VFO search, if the set frequency is within a range of VFO-A and VFO-B, it will become the
receive frequency and continues searching. If the set frequency is out of range of VFO-A
and VFO-B, an result code (30) will be returned from the AR-DV1.
In program search, if the set frequency is within a range of the search bank, it will become the
receive frequency and continues searching. If the set frequency is out of range of the search
bank, an result code (30) will be returned from the AR-DV1.
In memory read mode, sending RF command will temporary change the memory frequency to
the set frequency and the set frequency will remain until switching another memory channel
or turning power off the receiver.
In memory scan mode, when the receiver stops scanning receiving signal, the receive
frequency will be temporary switched to the set frequency. The set frequency will remain
until changing receive mode or switching to another bank or turning power off the receiver.
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FREQUENCY STEP
ST
STnnn.nn
nnn.nn (in kHz) Range: 000.01 ~ 500.00 kHz (default: 010.00)
To read: ST<CR>
Response: STnnn.nn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Invalid setting
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: In VFO mode or VFO search mode, the frequency step will be changed immediately.
In program search mode, executing this command will work until another bank is selected
by using the SS command or another receive mode is selected.
In memory read mode, it will remain until another channel is selected or another receive mode
is selected.
This command will not work in the memory scan mode.
FREQUENCY STEP ADJUST
SH
SHnnn.nn: nnn.nn: (in kHz) Range:000.05 ~ 250.00 kHz
(default: 000.00)
To read: SH<CR>
Response:SHnnn.nn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Invalid setting
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: In VFO mode or VFO search mode, the frequency step will be changed immediately.
In program search mode, executing this command will work until another bank is selected
by using the SS command or another receive mode is selected.
In memory read mode, this command will be effective until another channel is selected
or another receive mode is selected.
This command will not work in the memory scan mode.
DECODING MODE
MD
Mddan / MDda
(default: MD001)
To read: MD<CR>
Response:MDdan
Parameters: d: Digital decode mode
0: Digital signal not decoded
1: D-STAR
2: YAESU
3: ALINCO
4: D-CR/NXDN
5: P-25 (APCO25)
6: dPMR
7: DMR
a: Digital mode setting
0: Digital auto decode mode
1: D-STAR
2: YAESU
3: ALINCO
4: D-CR/NXDN
5: P-25 (APCO25)
6: dPMR
7: DMR
F: Digital decode OFF
n: Analog receive mode
0: WFM
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1: NFM
2: SFM
3: WAM
4: AM
5: NAM
6: SAH
7: SAL
8: USB
9: LSB
A: CW
Note: “n” parameter may be omitted and the analog receive mode is set to NFM.
When “n” is set other than 1, the digital decode mode is set to OFF and “a”
parameter is automatically forced to “F”.
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: In VFO mode or VFO search mode, the frequency step will be changed immediately.
In program search mode, executing this command will work until another bank is selected
by using the SS command or another receive mode is selected.
In memory read mode, this command will be effective until another channel is selected
or another receive mode is selected.
This command will not work in the memory scan mode.
MOVE TO PREVIOUS FREQUENCY, BANK, CHANNEL
ZJ
ZJ (immediate command)
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
MOVE TO NEXT FREQUENCY, BANK, CHANNEL
ZK
ZK (immediate command)
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
END REMOTE CONTROL
EX
EXnn, EX
(nn: Receiver’s ID. If omitted, nn=00)
Result code: 20 --- Disconnected successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
SQUELCH CONTROL
SELECT SQUELCH
SQ
SQn
(n: 0 ~ 2 default: 0)
0: Auto
1: Noise squelch
2: Level squelch
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
70
NOISE SQUELCH
NQ
NQnn
(nn: 00 ~ 99 default: 00)
00: Squelch fully opened
99: Squelch fully closed
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
LEVEL SQUELCH
LQ
LQnn
(nn: 00 ~ 99 default: 00)
00: Squelch fully opened
99: Squelch fully closed
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
VOICE SQUELCH
VQ
VQn VTppp VLr
n: 0, 1
0: Function Off (default)
1: Function On
ppp: 000 ~ 255 (default: 020)
Delay time in 0.1 second incremental
r: 0 ~ 7 Squelch level
(default: 4)
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: Function ON/OFF can be set independently in each VFO, bank, or channel.
Delay time and squelch level are applied for entire operation.
TONE SQUELCH ON/OFF
CI
CIn
(n: 0, 1 default: 0)
0: Tone squelch OFF
1: Tone squelch ON
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: This command may be used for each VFO, bank, channel
TONE SQUELCH FREQUENCY
CN
CNnn
(nn: 00 (response only), 01 ~52, 99 (search)
default:99)
When tone search is activated, the response will be CN99nn.
If tone is detected, nn = 01 ~ 52
No tone is detected, nn = 00
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: This command may be used for each VFO, bank, channel
DCS ON/OFF
DI
DIn
(n: 0, 1 default: 0)
0: DCS OFF
1: DCS ON
71
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: This command may be used for each VFO, bank, channel
DCS CODE
DS
DSnnn
(nnn: 000 (response only), 017 ~754, 999
999 code search
default:999)
When code search is activated, the response will be DS999nnn.
If code is detected, nnn = 017 ~ 754
No code is detected, nnn = 000
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: This command may be used for each VFO, bank, channel
REVERSE TONE SQUELCH ON/OFF
RI
RIn
(n: 0, 1 default: 0)
0: Reverse tone OFF
1: Reverse tone ON
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: This command may be used for each VFO, bank, channel
REVERSE TONE SQUELCH FREQUENCY
RR
RRnn
(nn: 00 (response only), 01 ~52, 99 (search)
default:99)
When tone search is activated, the response will be RI99nn.
If tone is detected, nn = 01 ~ 52
No tone is detected, nn = 00
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: This command may be used for each VFO, bank, channel
DIGITAL DECODING
DIGITAL CR SIMPLE ENCRYPTION CODE DECODE
DC
DCnnnnn
(nnnnn: 00000 ~32767
default:00000)
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: Used for non-licensed low power communication system only in Japan.
DIGITAL DATA OUTPUT
DJ
DJn
(n: 0, 1
n:0 Data output OFF (default)
n:1 Data output ON
When activated, the digital data will be displayed on the LCD or output from remote
connector.
72
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
ACQUIRE DIGITAL DATA
DK
DKyyy
Acquire the latest one message.
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
Note: When DJ command is set to 1, data will be always output regardless of this command.
VALID DIGITAL MODE
VD
VD1%
VDnnn…….
1%: Let all currently selected digital modes set to invalid.
(Usually used for factory default settings.)
nnn…..: Let currently selected digital mode change into
numeric value.
In read mode, output valid digital modes.
1: D-STAR, 2: YAESU, 3: ALINCO, 4: D-CR, 5: P25, 6: dPMR, 7: DMR
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
RECEIVER OPTIONS
These options are available for each VFO, bank, channel settings except OL command (offset frequency
setting). The OL command is applied for entire receiver’s settings.
AGC (AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL)
AC
ACn
(n: 0 ~ 3)
(default: 2)
n=0 AGC Fast
n=1 AGC Medium
n=2 AGC Slow
n=3 MANUAL GAIN
To read: AC<CR>
Response: ACn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Detector mode is selected other than Analog AM modes (AM, SSB, CW)
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: This command works only in Analog AM modes (AM, SSB, CW). An error code will be sent in all
other modes.
MANUAL GAIN
RG
RGnnn
(nnn: 000 ~ 110)
nnn=000 Gain minimum
nnn=110 Gain maximum (default)
To read: RG<CR>
73
Response: RGnnn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: The manual gain setting is valid only when AGC is selected MANUAL GAIN (AC3).
However, the parameter setting or readout is available regardless of AGC setting.
DATABASE DISPLAY
DB
DBn
n: 0, 1
n:0 Data display OFF (default)
n:1 Data display ON
To read: DB<CR>
Response: DBn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: Data display is available on the LCD screen only.
PRESELECTION FILTER
HN
HNn
n: 0, 1
n:0 Preselection filter OFF
n:1 Preselection filter ON (default)
To read: HN<CR>
Response: HNn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: This command is available regardless of receive frequency range.
IF BANDWIDTH
IF
IFn, IFnn
n = 0…3kHz, 1 …2.4kHz (default: 0)
(in NAM/SAH/SAL mode only)
nn = 20 ~ 30 kHz (in 0.1 kHz incremental) (default: 30)
(in USB/LSB mode only)
Parameter format varies depending on decode modes.
To read: IF<CR>
Response: IFn, IFnn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Invalid decode mode
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
AUTO NOTCH
LS
LSn
n: 0 ~ 3
n:0 OFF (default)
n:1 Depth Low
n:2 Depth Medium
n:3 Depth High
To read: LS<CR>
Response: LSn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
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NOISE REDUCTION
NR
NRn
n: 0 ~ 3
n:0 OFF (default)
n:1 Reduction Low
n:2 Reduction Medium
n:3 Reduction High
To read: NR<CR>
Response: NRn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
OFFSET RECEIVE
OF
OFnns
nn: 00 ~ 39 (default: 00)
s: +/- Offset direction
Note: The “s” parameter may be omitted when nn = 00.
To read: OF<CR>
Response: OFnns
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
OFFSET FREQUENCY
OL
OLnn RFffff.fffff
nn: 00 ~ 39 Offset number
(default: Offset number 01 ~ 19 is the same as number 20)
ffff.fffff : Offset frequency (in MHz)
Note: Offset number 20 ~ 39: Factory preprogrammed (cannot be changed)
01 ~ 19: User programmable
00: Offset frequency is set to 0 Hz.
To read: OLnn<CR>
Response: OLnn RFffff.fffff
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
MONITOR, OFFSET
OX
OXn
n: 0, 1 (default: 0)
n:0 Monitor, Offset OFF
n:1 Monitor, Offset ON
Note: When an offset receive is available, offset frequency will be received.
When an offset receive is not possible, squelch will open and receive
current frequency.
To read: OX<CR>
Response: OXn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: This setting won’t be saved onto the last channel memory. Once the power
switch is turned off, the OX will be set to OX0.
PRIORITY RECEIVE ON/OFF
PO
POn
n: 0, 1 (default: 0)
To read: PO<CR>
75
Response: POn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Priority channel not registered
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
PRIORITY RECEIVE CHANNEL
PP
PPbbcc
bb: bank (default: 00)
cc: channel (default: 00)
To read: PP<CR>
Response: PPbbcc
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: Priority channel can be set even when the designated channel is not registered.
PRIORITY RECEIVE INTERVAL
TI
TImm
mm: 01 ~ 99 in second (default: 05)
To read: TI<CR>
Response: TImm
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
VOICE DESCRAMBLER FREQUENCY (Not available for the US consumer version.)
SC
SCnnn
(nnn: 200 ~ 700) in 10Hz incremental
(default: 200)
To read: SC<CR>
Response: SCnnn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
VOICE DESCRAMBLER ON/OFF (Not available for the US consumer version.)
SI
Sin
(n: 0, 1) (default: 0)
n:0 OFF
n:1 ON
To read: SI<CR>
Response: SIn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
DELAY TIME
DL
DLnnn
(nnn: 001 ~ 999) in 0.1 sec. incremental
(default: 020)
To read: DL<CR>
Response: DLnnn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Wrong receive mode selected (Parameter cannot be set)
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
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FREE TIME (FOR SCAN/SEARCH)
FR
FRnn
(nn: 00 ~ 60) in second
n:00 OFF
(default: 00)
To read: FR<CR>
Response: FRnn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Wrong receive mode selected (Parameter cannot be set)
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
STEREO AUTO DECODE
SA
SAn
(n: 0, 1)
(default: 1)
n:0 OFF
n:1 ON
To read: SA<CR>
Response: SAn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
CLOCK, ALARM, RECORDING TIMER
SYSTEM CLOCK
DT
DTyymmddhhMM
(yy: 13 ~ 99, year last 2 digits
mm: 01 ~ 12, month
dd: 01 ~ 31, day
hh: 00 ~ 23, hour
MM:00 ~ 59, minute)
(default: 1301010000)
To read: DT<CR>
Response: DTyymmddhhMM
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: When the 2013 of year parameter is detected, AR-DV1 will recognize the system clock has
not been set.
ALARM
AL
AL TShhmm DRppp RMrrr…AGnn
(hh: 00 ~ 23, hour in 24 hour format
mm: 00 ~ 59, minute
ppp: 001 ~ 120, alarm duration
rrr…: alarm signal source
VFx = Use VFO, x = A,B,Z
VS = Use VFO search
SSbb = Use program search, bb = search bank
MRbbcc = Use memory read,
bbcc = memory bank, channel
MSbb = Use memory scan, bb = memory bank
BP = Beep sound
nn = 00 ~ 99 (beep level)
(Note: Only 2nd digit is valid) (default: AL
TS0000 DR000 RMVFA AG00)
To read: AL<CR>
77
Response: AL TShhmm DRppp RMrrr…AGnn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Alarm activating
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Note: TS, DR, RM command cannot be used by itself. When AG command is used by itself,
it sets the receiver’s audio gain and does not set a beep level setting.
SLEEP TIMER
SP
SPn
(n: 0 ~ 5)
n: 0 Timer off (default)
n: 1 15 minutes
n: 2 30 minutes
n: 3 60 minutes
n: 4 90 minutes
n: 5 120 minutes
To read: SP<CR>
Response: SPn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
RECORDING TIMER
TR
TRn XEe TYm
TEttt… WEx
RMrrr…
TSttt…
n: 1 ~ 3 Timer channel
e: 0, 1 0 = Timer OFF, 1 = Timer ON
m: 0 ~ 2 0 = one time, 1 = daily, 2 = weekly
rrr… : Receive mode
ttt… : Time start or time end
One time = MMDDhhmm format
Daily/weekly = hhmm format (in 24 hours)
x: Day (used only in daily/weekly recording)
0 or 7 = Sunday
1 = Monday
2 = Tuesday
3 = Wednesday
4 = Thursday
5 = Friday
6 = Saturday
Remarks: When “m” is set to 0 or 1, “WE” does not need to be specified.
TY, RM, TS, TE, WE may be omitted at the same time regardless of “m” parameter.
Timer will quit when TRnXE0 command is executed (i.e. e=0). However, PC must connect
to AR-DV1 using ZP command prior to use the timer.
If the start time and end time are the same, timer will not work.
Default: TRn XE0 TY0 RMVFA TS01010000 TE01010000
To read: TR<CR>
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Start time is set behind end time. Time was set behind the system clock.
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RECEIVER CONFIGURATION
BEEP
BP
BPn
(n: 0 ~ 9)
(default: 5)
n:0 Minimum (OFF)
n:9 Maximum
To read: BP<CR>
Response: BPn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
LCD BACKLIGHT
LB
LBn
(n: 0 ~ 2)
n:0 OFF
n:1 Continuous (default)
n:2 Auto
To read: LB<CR>
Response: LBn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
LCD DIMMER
LD
LDn
(n: 0, 1)
n:0 NORMAL (default)
n:1 DIM
To read: LD<CR>
Response: LDn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
LCD CONTRAST
LN
LNnn
(n: 00 ~ 15)
(default: 09)
n:00 LIGHTEST (minimum)
n:15 DARKEST (maximum)
To read: LN<CR>
Response: LDnn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
WRITE PROTECT
PT
PTa
(n: 0, 1)
(default: 0)
n:0 OFF
n:1 ON
To read: PT<CR>
79
Response: PTa
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Remarks: When executed by itself, the last channel memory will not work. MM command will also
become invalid.
When executed with MW, MX, SE commands, then memory bank, memory channel and
search bank will be write protected.
RECEIVER ID
ZI
ZInn
(n: 00 ~ 99)
(default: 09)
To read: ZI<CR>
Response: ZInn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
FREQUENCY DATA OUTPUT
LC
LCn
(n: 0, 1)
(default: 0)
n:0 OFF
n:1 ON
To read: LC<CR>
Response: LCn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Remarks: Output data are the same as RX command.
Data output will be made at one of the following timings:
1. While any types of squelch (noise squelch, level squelch, tone squelch, DCS, reverse
tone squelch) opens and the frequency changed.
2. While the frequency is not changed, squelch opened.
3. Receive mode changed.
4. SS command is received in program search mode.
5. MS command is received in memory scan mode.
The data output by executing this command has a priority than LT command or RT command.
S-METER READING
LM
LMkkc
kk: S meter reading
c: Squelch status
c = 0: Squelch closes
1: Noise squelch or level squelch opens
2: Tone, DCS or reverse squelch opens
3: Detecting digital mode
To read: LM<CR>
Response: LMkkc
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
S-METER DATA AUTO OUTPUT
LT
LTnn
(nn: 00 ~ 95) in 5 incremental (500mS)
nn:00 OFF (default)
To read: LT<CR>
80
Response: LTnn
Result code: 10 --- Auto output
20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Remarks: The data format of this command is same as LM command. However, the result code is
different.
LC command has a priority.
RT command has a priority.
RESULT CODE
RE
REn
(n: 0, 1)
n:0 Result code not added (default)
n:1 Result code added
To read: RE<CR>
Response: REn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
RECEIVER STATUS AUTO OUTPUT
RT
RTnn
(nn: 00 ~ 95) in 5 incremental (500mS)
nn:00 OFF (default)
To read: RT<CR>
Response: RTnn
Result code: 10 --- Auto output
20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Remarks: The data format of this command is same as RX command. However, the result code is
different.
LC command has a priority.
This command has a priority to LT command.
81
RECEIVER STATUS
RX
RX
To read: RX<CR>
Status data includes:
1. While alarm function, sleep timer, record timer, or SD card record/playback is activating,
the head command and its parameter
2. Receive mode (VFO, VFO search, program search, memory read, memory scan)
3. Receive frequency
4. Frequency step
5. Detector mode
6. S-meter value
While in program search mode, memory read mode, or memory scan mode, bank number, channel
number and name tag will be added.
Below is a data format for each receive mode:
VFO Mode
RX VFx RFffff.fffff STsss.ss MDmn LMkkc
VFO Search Mode
RX VS RFffff.fffff STsss.ss MDmn LMkkc
Program Search Mode
RX SRbb RFffff.fffff STsss.ss MDmn LMkkc TTttt…..
Memory Read Mode
RX MRbbcc RFffff.fffff STsss.ss MDmn LMkkc TTttt…
Memory Scan Mode
RX MSbbcc RFffff.fffff STsss.ss MDmn LMkkc TTttt…
While alarm function is activated, RX<SP>followed by AL<SP> will be added.
For example, in VFO mode and alarm function is activated, the data format will be
RX AL VFx RFffff.fffff STsss.ss MDmn LMkkc
If beep is selected, then it will be RX AL BPx.
While sleep timer is activated, then it will be RX<SP>followed by SPn
While recording timer is activated, then it will be TRn<SP> will be added.
While recording timer is activated in memory read mode, then it will be
RX Try MRbbcc MPp RFffff.fffff STsss.ss MDmn LMkkc TTttt…
While in SD card record/playback mode, it will be RX<SP> followed by SD PSTn<SP>.
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
COMMUNICATION SPEED
SB
SBn
(n: 0 ~ 4)
n:0 115200 bps (default)
n:1 57600 bps
n:2 38400 bps
n:3 19200 bps
n:4 9600 bps
To read: SB<CR>
Response: SBn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
82
AR-DV1 MODEL VARIATION
WI
WI
To read: WI<CR>
Response: No header added
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
AR-DV1 SERIAL NUMBER
RN
RNht8CKzzzzB9YrC
zzzz: serial number
To read: RN<CR>
Response: RN0952zzzz
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
AR-DV1 FIRMWARE VERSION
VR
VRyymms
yy: year (last 2 digits)
mm: month
s… : version number
To read: VR<CR>
Response: VRyymms
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
LAST CHANNEL MEMORY REGISTRATION
MM
MM
Write only command
Result code: 20 --- Registration completed
21 --- Command received. Start registration.
30 --- Write protect enabled
50 --- Format error
RESET AR-DV1
RS
RSn, RS2%
n: 0,1 n:0 --- System Reset
n:1 --- Full Reset
Perform reset
Result code: 20 --- Command executed successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
83
SD CARD MANAGEMENT
FILE DIRECTORY
SD DIR
SD DIR
To read: SD DIR<CR>
Details: Acquire the file list of the SD card.
Output in one line each per file.
(Example): One audio file has been stored in a 32GB SD card
SD DIR 06201413.wav 00:05:13.5 2015/06/30 14:13:25
SD DIR nnnFILE(S) (nnn: number of files)
No file has been stored
SD DIR 000FILE(S)
Response:
Ffffffff: file name eee: file extention nnnnnnnnnn: file size (byte)
yyyy/mm/dd HH:MM:SS --- year/month/date hour (in 24 h format):minute:second
hh:nn:ss.s --- Recorded time
SD DIR ffffffff.WAV hh:nn:ss.s yyyy/mm/dd HH:MM:SS (extention:WAV)
SD DIR ffffffff.eee nnnnnnnnnn yyyy/mm/dd HH:MM:SS (extention:other than WAV)
SD DIR CARDBUSY --- Card busy
SD DIR NOCARD --- SD card not found
SD DIR FAT12 ----- Card format FAT12 and can’t be used
? ---- other errors
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
21 --- File list output in progress
30 --- Card not found
40 --- Command format error
CARD INFORMATION
SD INF
SD INF
To read: SD INF<CR>
Details: Display card size, free size
(Example): SD INF FREE: 967872KB ( 7.8H) TOTAL: 30517578KB
Response: SD INF CARDBUSY --- Card busy
SD INF NOCARD --- SD card not found
SD INF FAT12 ----- Card format FAT12 and can’t be used
? ---- other errors
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Card not found
40 --- Command format error
84
RECORD/PLAYBACK STATUS
SD PST
SD PST
To read: SD PST<CR>
Response: SD PST0 --- No access
SD PST1 --- Recording
SD PST2 --- Playing back
SD PST CARDBUSY --- Card busy
SD PST NOCARD --- SD card not found
SD PST FAT12 ----- Card format FAT12 and can’t be used
? ---- other errors
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Card not found, can’t access card
40 --- Command format error
RECORDING
SD REC SD RECfff….
fff…. : file name
Details: Start recording with the designated file name.
File name: Alphabet (upper case) and numbers can be used. No extention required.
When “/” is used as a file name, recording will stop.
Response: SD PST0 --- No access
SD PST1 --- Recording
SD PST2 --- Playing back
SD PST CARDBUSY --- Card busy
SD PST NOCARD --- SD card not found
SD PST FAT12 ----- Card format FAT12 and can’t be used
? ---- other errors
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Card not found, can’t access card
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range, designated file does not exist.
PLAYBACK
SD PLY
SD PLYfff….
fff…. : file name
Details: Start recording with the designated file name.
File name: Alphabet (upper case) and numbers can be used.
When “/” is used as a file name, AR-DV1 will stop playback.
Response: SD PLY CARDBUSY --- Card busy
SD PLY NOCARD --- SD card not found
SD PLY FAT12 ----- Card format FAT12 and can’t be used
SD PLY NOFILE --- Specified file cannot be found
? ---- other errors
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Card not found, can’t access card
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range, designated file does not exist.
85
SQUELCH SKIP
SD RSQ SD RSQn
n 0, 1
n:0 --- No skip
n:1 --- Skip (default)
Response: SD RSQn
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
RENAME FILE
SD REN SD RENffffffff.eee gggggggg
ffffffff.eee : file name (Old)
gggggggg: file name (New)
File name: Alphabet (upper case) and numbers can be used. Extension is unchanged.
Response: SD REN CARDBUSY --- Card busy
SD REN NOCARD --- SD card not found
SD REN FAT12 ----- Card format FAT12 and can’t be used
SD REN NOFILE --- Specified file cannot be found
SD REN FILEEXISTS --- File name already exists
? ---- other errors
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Card not found, can’t access card
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range, designated file already exists.
DELETE FILE
SD DEL SD DELfff….
fff…. : file name
Response: SD DEL CARDBUSY --- Card busy
SD DEL NOCARD --- SD card not found
SD DEL FAT12 ----- Card format FAT12 and can’t be used
SD DEL NOFILE --- Specified file cannot be found
? ---- other errors
Result code: 20 --- Read successfully
30 --- Card not found, can’t access card
40 --- Command format error
50 --- File not found
FORMAT SD
SD FMT SD FMT, SD FMTn
n: time out, 0 ~ 9 (in one minute incremental)
“n” can be omitted and it will be considered as “1”.
Response: SD FMT START --- Format started
SD FMT DONE ---- Format completed
SD FMT CARDBUSY --- Card busy
SD FMT NOCARD --- SD card not found
SD FMT FAT12 ----- Card format FAT12 and can’t be used
SD FMT TIMEOUT --- Format time error
? ---- other errors
Result code: 20 --- Format completed (SD FMT DONE)
21 --- Format started
30 --- Card not found, can’t access card
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range.
86
FILE BACKUP
SD MMW
SD MMWfff….
fff…. : backup file name
File name: Alphabet (upper case) and numbers can be used. Extention is not required.
(.MMD will be added as an extention.)
Response: SD MMW CARDBUSY --- Card busy
SD MMW NOCARD --- SD card not found
SD MMW FAT12 ----- Card format FAT12 and can’t be used
SD MMW CARDFULL --- Card full
? ---- other errors
Result code: 20 --- Backup completed
30 --- Card not found, can’t access card
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
FILE RESTORE
SD MMR
SD MMRfff….
fff…. : original file name
There is no need to specify the file extention.
Response: SD MMR CARDBUSY --- Card busy
SD MMR NOCARD --- SD card not found
SD MMR FAT12 ----- Card format FAT12 and can’t be used
SD MMR NOFILE --- File does not exist
? ---- other errors
Result code: 20 --- Restore completed
30 --- Card not found, can’t access card
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range, file does not exist
FILE DUMP
SD DMP
SD DMPfff….
fff…. : file name
Display dumped file
Result code: 20 --- Dump completed
30 --- Card not found, can’t access card
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range, file does not exist
87
VFO
VFO
VF
VFt RFffff.fffff STggg.gg SHhhh.hh MDdan
t: A, B, Z
A: VFO-A
B: VFO-B
C: VFO-Z
Details: Start receive with the designated VFO, frequency, decode mode.
RF, ST, SH, MD can be omitted. In this case, previous settings will be applied.
Result code: 20 --- Settings completed
40 --- Command format error
VFO SEARCH
VS
VS
Detail: Activate VFO search
Result code: 20 --- Function completed
40 --- Command format error
VFO SEARCH SETTING
VE
VE DLmm FRpp ASn
mm: Delay time 01 ~ 99 (in 0.1 second incremental)
(default: 20)
pp: Free time 00 ~ 60 (in 1 second incremental)
(default: 00)
n: 0,1 --- Auto store
0: OFF (default)
1: ON
Result code: 20 --- Settings completed
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
88
SEARCH
SEARCH BANK SETTING
SE
SEbb SLffff.fffff SUffff.fffff STggg.gg SHhhh.hh MDdan PTa TTttt….
Parameters: bb --- bank
ffff.fffff --- Upper limit, Lower limit frequency (in MHz)
ggg.gg ---- Frequency step (in kHz)
hhh.hh ---- Step adjust frequency (in kHz)
mn ------ Detector mode
a ----- Write protect
ttt ------ Bank name tag
PaPaTo read: SD DIR<CR>
Response:
Ffffffff: file name eee: file extention nnnnnnnnnn: file size (byte)
yyyy/mm/dd HH:MM:SS --- year/month/date hour (in 24 h format):minute:second
hh:nn:ss.s --- Recorded time
Details: ST, SH, MD, PT, TT may be omitted.
In this case, ST, SH, MD parameters will be used previous values, PT will be set to OFF,
TT will be blank will be assigned automatically.
Result code: 20 --- Set completed
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range, invalid parameter
READ SEARCH BANK
SR
SRbb
bb: Bank
Result code: 20 --- Read completed
30 --- Bank unregistered
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
EXECUTE PROGRAM SEARCH
SS
SSbb
bb: Bank
Result code: 20 --- Executed properly
30 --- Bank unregistered
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
DELETE SEARCH BANK
SX
SXbb
bb: Bank
Result code: 20 --- Deleted successfully
30 --- Bank unregistered
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
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SEARCH BANK LOWER LIMIT FREQUENCY
SL
SLffff.fffff
ffff.fffff: low limit frequency (in MHz)
Result code: 20 --- Setting/Reading completed
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range, set frequency is higher than the upper limit frequency
Remarks: This command is effective until SS command is sent, change receive mode, or turn
the power switch off.
To change the lower limit frequency permanently, use this command along with
the SE command.
SEARCH BANK UPPER LIMIT FREQUENCY
SU
SUffff.fffff
ffff.fffff: low limit frequency (in MHz)
Result code: 20 --- Setting/Reading completed
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range, set frequency is lower than the lower limit frequency
Remarks: This command is effective until SS command is sent, change receive mode, or turn
the power switch off.
To change the lower limit frequency permanently, use this command along with
the SE command.
SEARCH GROUP
SG
SGgg DLmm FRpp ASn BKbbb…
gg: group number
mm: delay time, 01 ~ 99 (in 0.1 second incremental) (default: 20)
pp: free time, 00 ~ 60 (in 1 second incremental) (default: 00)
n: auto store, 0: OFF (default), 1: ON
bbb: bank link
Result code: 20 --- Setting/Reading completed
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
AUTO STORE
AS
ASn
n: 0, 1
0: Auto store OFF (default)
1: Auto store ON
Result code: 20 --- Setting/Reading completed
30 --- Searching (other than VFO search or program search)
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
Remarks: This command may be used alone.
BANK LINK
BK
BKbbb…
bbb: bank list
(Space must be inserted between each bank)
Result code: 20 --- Setting/Reading completed
30 --- Searching (other than program search)
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range, set frequency is higher than upper limit frequency
Remarks: This command may be used alone.
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SET PASS FREQUENCIES
PW
PW, PWffff.fffff, PWbb, PWbbffff.fffff
ffff.fffff: pass frequency (in MHz)
bb….: search bank
Remarks: While in VFO search or program search and stopping on busy channel, executing
this command enables to set the receive frequency as a pass frequency.
While in VFO search or program search and executing PWffff.fffff enables to set
the receive frequency as a pass frequency.
While in program search and stopping on busy channel, executing PWbb enables
to set the receive frequency as a pass frequency in the designated bank.
Using %% parameter instead of bb will apply all search banks.
Executing PWbbffff.fffff enables to set the designated frequency as a pass frequency
in the designated bank.
Using %% parameter instead of bb will apply all search banks.
Result code: 20 --- Setting completed
30 --- Designated pass frequency cannot be set in the selected receive mode.
Reached the maximum number of pass channels
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
LIST PASS FREQUENCIES
PR
PR (VFO search), PRbb (search bank)
Response: PRnnffff.fffff, PRnn - - - : VFO search
PRbbnnffff.fffff, PRbbnn --- : Search bank
Parameters: bb: search bank
nn: 00 ~ 49 (consecutive pass frequency numbers)
ffff.fffff: pass frequency
Details:
When bb is not specified, a list of pass frequencies (for VFO search) will be displayed.
When bb is specified, a list of pass frequencies of the specifies bank will be displayed.
When a total number of pass frequencies are less than 50, “---“ will appear for the rest
of pass frequencies.
Result code: 20 --- Read list completely
21 --- Read partial list (to be continued)
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
DELETE PASS FREQUENCIES
PD
PDbb, PDbbnn
Parameters: bb: search bank
nn: 00 ~ 49 (consecutive pass frequency numbers)
Details:
PDbb --- Delete all pass frequencies of the designated search bank
PD%% --- Delete all pass frequencies of all banks
PDbbnn --- Delete specified pass frequency
Result code: 20 --- Deleted successfully
30 --- Designated pass frequency does not exist
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
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MEMORY CHANNEL
SET MEMORY CHANNEL
MX
MXbbcc MPp RFffff.fffff STggg.gg SHhhh.hh MDdan PTa TTttt…
Parameters: bb: memory bank
cc: memory channel
p: pass channel
ffff.fffff: receive frequency
ggg.gg: frequency step (in kHz)
hhh.hh: step adjust frequency (in kHz)
mn: receive mode
a: write protect
t: memory tag
Details: MP, ST, SH, MD, PT, TT may be omitted. In this case, the parameters of RF, ST, SH, MD are
used for the previous settings. MP and PT will be set to 0.
Result code: 20 --- Set completed
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
READ MEMORY CHANNEL
MA
MAbb, MAbbcc
Parameters: bb: memory bank
cc: memory channel
Details:
MAbb --- Read all memory channels of the designated memory bank
MAbbcc --- Read designated memory channel of the designated memory bank
If the channel is not registered, the output will be MAbbcc - - Result code: 20 --- Read completed
21 --- Reading (to be continued)
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
READ MEMORY
MR
MRbbcc
Parameters: bb: memory bank
cc: memory channel
p: pass channel
Details: Receive frequency with the designated memory bank and channel
Result code: 20 --- Read completed
30 --- Designated channel not registered
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
MEMORY SCAN
MS
MSbb
Parameters: bb: memory bank
Result code: 20 --- Scan started
30 --- No memory channel found in the designated bank
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
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SET MEMORY BANK
MW
MWbb MCmm PTa TTt
Parameters: bb: memory bank
mm: assigned number of channel (default: 50)
a: protect (default: 0)
t: memory tag (12 characters maximum) (default: none)
Result code: 20 --- Set completed
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
SCAN GROUP
MG
MGgg DLmm FRpp BKbbb…
Parameters: gg: group number, 00 ~ 19
mm: delay time (default: 20)
pp: free time
bbb: bank link (default: none)
DL, FR, BK commands may be executed by itself
Result code: 20 --- Set completed
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
PASS CHANNEL
MP
MPp, MPbb
Parameters: p: pass channel p: 0, 1 0 --- release (default), 1 --- set pass channel
bb: bank number, release all pass channels on the designated bank
MPp --- effective only in memory mode
MPbb --- effective in any modes other than memory mode
Result code: 20 --- Set completed
30 --- Unable to access, pass channel not existed in the designated bank
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
DELETE MEMORY BANK
MB
MBbb
Parameters: bb: memory bank
Pass channels will also be deleted
Result code: 20 --- Bank deleted
30 --- Designated bank not registered
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
DELETE MEMORY CHANNEL
MQ
MQbbcc
Parameters: bb: memory bank, cc: memory channel
Result code: 20 --- Delete completed
30 --- Designated memory channel not registered
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
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FREQUENCY SCOPE
FREQUENCY SCOPE MODE
BS
BSn
n:0, 1 0: OFF (default), 1: ON
Available in VFO mode and Memory read mode
Result code: 20 --- Set completed, read data successfully
30 --- Improper receive mode selected, not compatible with this command
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
FREQUENCY SCOPE SPAN
FP
FPf..
Read frequency data in kHz step for the frequency span
Result code: 20 --- Set completed, read data successfully
30 --- Not in frequency scope mode
40 --- Command format error
50 --- Parameter out of range
ACQUIRE FREQUENCY SCOPE DATA (HIGH SPEED)
FD
FDddd… ddd: same data vaule with S-meter data
Result code: 20 --- Read data successfully
30 --- Not in scope mode
40 --- Command format error
ACQUIRE FREQUENCY SCOPE DATA (NORMAL SPEED)
GL
Output data format: Fffff.fffffLkkc (per line), / --- last line
Result code: 20 --- Read data successfully (Last line)
21 --- Data reading (continued)
30 --- Not in scope mode
40 --- Command format error
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13
SPECIFICATIONS
Frequency range:
Digital receive modes:
Analog receive modes:
Receiver system:
IF filter bandwidths:
Receive assisted functions:
Squelch modes:
Frequency stability:
Sensitivity:
Number of VFO’s:
Memory channels:
Memory banks:
Search banks:
Priority channel:
Pass frequencies:
Audio outputs:
Recording/playback media:
Timer functions:
PC connection:
Antenna input:
Max. antenna input level:
Power requirements:
Operating temperature:
Dimensions:
Weight:
Supplied accessories:
100 kHz ~ 1300* MHz (Note: Specifications guaranteed above
530 kHz)
(Cellular frequencies blocked for US consumer version)
D-STAR (GMSK), ALINCO (GMSK), YAESU (C4FM), DIGITAL
CR (C4FM), NXDN (C4FM), dPMR (C4FM), P25 (Phase 1)
(C4FM), DMR (4FSK). (**)
FM, AM, Synchronous AM (SAH, SAL), USB, LSB, CW
100 KHz ~ 18 MHz : Direct conversion
18 MHz ~ 180 MHz: Double conversion super heterodyne
(1st IF: 393 MHz, 2nd IF: 31.0 MHz)
180 MHz ~ 1300 MHz: Triple conversion super heterodyne
(1st IF: 1705 MHz, 2nd IF: 393 MHz, 3rd IF: 31.0 MHz)
200 Hz, 500 Hz, 1.8 kHz, 2.6 kHz, 3.8 kHz, 5.5 kHz, 6 kHz, 8
kHz, 15 kHz, 30 kHz, 100 kHz, 200 kHz
Auto notch, Noise reduction, Analog voice descrambler (not
available for the US consumer version), AGC, Step adjust,
Offset receive, Priority
Level squelch, Noise squelch, Voice squelch, Tone squelch,
DCS
Less than +/- 2.5 ppm after warm-up (5 minutes)
530 KHz ~ 17.99999 MHz : 0.71QV typ. (12dB SINAD)
18 MHz ~ 1300 MHz: 0.32QV typ. (12dB SINAD)
3
2,000
40
40
1
50 per bank or VFO
Internal speaker & speaker-out: min.1.0 W @ 8 Ohm, 12 V DC
input. 10% THD.
3.5mm jacks for headphone, speaker-out and discriminator
(FM only)
SD/SDHC, 1 channel, 19 kHz sampling in wav format. Approx.
7 hours recording for 1 GB.
Sleep timer 30, 60 90, 120 min., alarm and timer recording
(once, daily, weekly)
Micro-USB for receiver control with command list.
BNC, 50 Ohm
+0dBm
10.8 ~ 16.0 V DC, approx. 750 mA (at 12V DC)
0 ~ 50 °C, 32 ~ 122 °F
Approx. 178 mm (W) x 50 mm (H) x 215 mm (D) (proj.excl.)
7 (W) x 1.97 (H) x 8.46 (D) inches
Approx. 1.5 kg (3lb 5oz)
AC power adapter, Telescopic antenna, 4GB SDHC card,
printed manual including command list. PC Software not
supplied.
*Cellular frequencies blocked in the US.
Specifications are subject to change without notice or obligation.
Other company and product names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective owners.
Product and brand names used are for identification purposes only.
95
** Digital voice mode compatibility chart:
DIGITAL MODE
BANDWIDTH
MODE
VARIOUS
COMPATIBLE VOCODER
D-STAR
12.5kHz
ALINCO DIGITAL
12.5kHz
EJ-47 (voice mode F1E)
AMBE
AMBE
12.5kHz
V/D mode
AMBE+2
12.5kHz
Voice FR mode
YAESU DIGITAL
6.25kHz
NON-ENCRYPTED
AMBE+2
6.25kHz
ENCRYPTED
AMBE+2
DIGITAL CR
6.25kHz
REGULAR MODE
NON-ENCRYPTED
AMBE+2
REGULAR MODE
DIGITAL SCRAMBLING (15 BIT)
AMBE+2
ENCRYPTED
NXDN
TRUNKING
12.5kHz
6.25kHz
dPMR446
AMBE+2
6.25kHz
TIER 1
AMBE+2
DPMR
TIER 2
TIER 3
6.25kHz & 12.5kHz
P25
PHASE 1
NON-ENCRYPTED
PHASE 1
ENCRYPTED
IMBE
PHASE 2
TIER 1
DMR
12.5kHz
TIER 2
NON-ENCRYPTED
AMBE+2
ENCRYPTED
AMBE+2
NON-ENCRYPTED
AMBE+2
ENCRYPTED
AMBE+2
TRUNKING
AMBE+2
TIER 3
AR-DV1 VOICE
DECODING
O
O
O
X
O
X
O
O
X
X
X
O
O
X
X
O
X
X
O
X
O
X
X
For a worldwide directory of D-STAR repeater frequencies (classified by country and city), you may
want to check the very informative D-Star Repeater Directory site at:
http://dstarusers.org/repeaters.php
96
14 LIMITED WARRANTY (USA only)
AOR USA, Inc. (AOR) warrants its receivers as described below:
AOR will repair or exchange equipment as a result of defects in parts or workmanship for a period of
one year from the date of original retail purchase from an authorized AOR dealer.
Exclusions
The following items are not covered by the AOR limited warranty:
1. Products that are damaged through accident, abuse, misuse, neglect, or user modifications.
2. Problems that arise through failure to follow directions in the owner’s manual.
3. Exposure of the product to adverse or severe weather conditions, including lightening, temperature
extremes or water, including rainfall or immersion.
4. Exposure to toxic materials, biohazards, radioactive materials or other contamination.
5. Repairs attempted by parties other than AOR or its authorized personnel.
6. Damage that results from improper installation, including improper voltage and/or reversed polarity, or
exposure of a receiver to signal levels exceeding specifications.
7. Damage resulting through the use of accessories from manufacturers other than AOR.
8. Equipment that has had serial numbers removed or altered in any way.
9. Damage that occurred as a result of shipment. Claims must be presented to the carrier.
10. AOR is not responsible for any costs arising from installation or reinstallation of the equipment, nor
for any consequential (such as loss of use) damage claims.
Obtaining Warranty Service
1. You are responsible for shipping the product to AOR and any related costs.
2. Warranty claim must be accompanied by a legible copy of the original product purchase receipt.
3. You must include a description of the problem(s) encountered with the product.
4.
You must include your name, a valid ground shipping address (including zip code) and telephone
contact information.
5.
AOR will ship the repaired (or replaced) product by ground transport.
Limitations
Any and all implied warranties, including those pertaining to merchantability and utility for a specific
purpose are limited to the duration of this limited warranty. AOR’s limits on warranty pertain only to the
repair or, at its option, replacement of defective products. AOR shall not be liable for any other damages,
including consequential, incidental or otherwise, arising from any defect.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts and may not allow the exclusion
of incidental or consequential damages. As such, the above limitations may not apply in every case. This
warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may have other rights that apply in your state.
97
If you have questions about this limited warranty, or the operation of your AOR product, contact AOR at
(310) 787-8615 during normal business hours (9 am ~ 5 pm Pacific Time Zone), or write to AOR, 20655 S.
Western Ave., Suite 112, Torrance, CA 90501. You may also send a fax to AOR at (310) 787-8619.
Additional information is available at the AOR web site: www.aorusa.com
We suggest attaching your purchase receipt to this half of the warranty card and keeping this information
in a secure location.
AOR Model Number __________________________
Serial Number ________________________________
Dealer Name _________________________________
Purchase Date ________________________________
98
99
Manufacturer:
AOR, LTD.
2-6-4, Misuji, Taito-Ku,
Tokyo, 111-0055, Japan
URL: www.aorja.com
US distributor:
AOR USA, INC.
20655 S. Western Ave. Suite 112
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone: 310-787-8615
Fax: 310-787-8619
URL: www.aorusa.com
e-mail: info@aorusa.com
July 14, 2015
Printed in Japan
100