LevelOne
User Manual
WAP-6150
300Mbps Wireless Gigabit PoE Access Point
TABLE OF CONTENTS
WAP-6150 ................................................................................................................................................................. 1
300MBPS W IRELESS GIGABIT POE ACCESS POINT .................................................................................................. 1
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................... 5
1.1
CONTENTS LIST ............................................................................................................................................. 5
1.2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................................ 6
1.2.1
WARNING ..................................................................................................................................6
1.2.2
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS.......................................................................................................6
1.2.3
Hardware Configuration .............................................................................................................8
1.2.4
LED Indicators ............................................................................................................................9
1.2.5
Button Indicators ..................................................................................................................... 10
CHAPTER 2 GETTING STARTED .......................................................................................................................... 11
2.1
EASY SETUP BY CONFIGURING WEB UI ...................................................................................................... 11
2.2
USE WEC BUTTON TO SETUP WIRELESS PROFILES ..................................................................................... 15
CHAPTER 3
3.1
MAKING CONFIGURATIONS .................................................................................................... 17
BASIC NETWORK ......................................................................................................................................... 19
3.1.1
Ethernet LAN ........................................................................................................................... 19
3.1.2
Wireless ................................................................................................................................... 20
3.1.3.1
3.1.3.1.1
AP Only Mode ......................................................................................................................................... 21
3.1.3.1.2
WDS Hybrid Mode ..................................................................................................................................25
3.1.3.1.3
WDS Only Mode...................................................................................................................................... 28
3.1.3.1.4
Universal Repeater Mode ......................................................................................................................... 31
3.1.3.2
3.1.3.2.1
3.1.3
3.2
Wireless Setup .............................................................................................................................. 20
Advanced Wireless Setup ............................................................................................................. 33
Advanced RF Module1 Settings ............................................................................................................... 33
IPv6 ......................................................................................................................................... 36
ADVANCED NETWORK................................................................................................................................. 37
3.2.1
Firewall .................................................................................................................................... 37
3.2.1.1
3.2.2
MAC Address Control ................................................................................................................... 37
Management............................................................................................................................ 38
3.2.2.1
UPNP ............................................................................................................................................ 38
3.2.2.2
SNMP............................................................................................................................................ 38
3.3
SYSTEM ....................................................................................................................................................... 41
3.3.1
System Information ................................................................................................................. 41
3.3.2
System Status ......................................................................................................................... 41
3.3.2.1
Web Log........................................................................................................................................ 41
2
3.3.2.2
Syslog ........................................................................................................................................... 42
3.3.2.3
Email Alert..................................................................................................................................... 42
3.3.3
System Tools ........................................................................................................................... 43
3.3.3.1
Change Password ......................................................................................................................... 43
3.3.3.2
FW Upgrade.................................................................................................................................. 44
3.3.3.3
System Time ................................................................................................................................. 45
3.3.3.4
Others ........................................................................................................................................... 46
3.3.4
MMI .......................................................................................................................................... 47
3.3.4.1
CHAPTOR 4
Web UI .......................................................................................................................................... 47
TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................................................... 48
APPENDIX A. LICENSING INFORMATION ......................................................................................................... 52
3
Copyright
The contents of this publication may not be reproduced in any part or as a whole, stored,
transcribed in an information retrieval system, translated into any language, or transmitted
in any form or by any means, mechanical, magnetic, electronic, optical, photocopying,
manual, or otherwise, without the prior written permission.
Trademarks
All products, company, brand names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective companies. They are used for identification purpose only. Specifications are
subject to be changed without prior notice.
FCC Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against radio interference in a commercial environment. This
equipment can generate, use and radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions in this manual, may cause harmful interference to
radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause
interference, in which case the user, at his own expense, will be required to take whatever
measures are necessary to correct the interference.
CE Declaration of Conformity
This equipment complies with the requirements relating to electromagnetic compatibility,
EN 55022/A1 Class B.
4
Chapter 1 Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of this outstanding product: BDP77A-001 WiFi 4G
Business Gateway. This device is specifically designed for those who need to have the
data, voice, video and file sharing services beyond his home and office. It provides a
complete solution for Internet surfing and broadband sharing. Instructions for installing
and configuring this product can be found in this manual. Before you install and use this
product, please read this manual carefully for fully exploiting the functions of this product.
1.1
Contents List
Items
1
3
4
Description
Contents
Quantity
1pce
WAP-6150
2pce
2.4G WiFi Antenna
1pce
Power Adapter
5
RJ45 Cable
1pce
6
CD
1pce
5
1.2 Hardware Installation
1.2.1
WARNING



Attention

1.2.2
Do not use the product in high humidity or high
temperatures.
Do not use the same power source for the Product
as other equipment. Only use the power adapter that
comes with the package. Using a different voltage
rating power adaptor may damage the router.
Do not open or repair the case yourself. If the
Product is too hot, turn off the power immediately
and have it repaired at a qualified service center.
Place the Product on a stable surface and avoid
using this product and all accessories outdoors.
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
Network Requirements

An Ethernet-based Cable or DSL modem

IEEE 802.11n or 802.11b, g wireless clients

10/100 Ethernet
Computer with the following:

Windows® , Macintosh, or Linux-based
operating system

An installed Ethernet adapter
Browser Requirements:
Web-based Configuration Utility
Requirements

Internet Explorer 6.0 or higher

Chrome 2.0 or higher

Firefox 3.0 or higher

Safari 3.0 or higher (with Java 1.3.1 or
higher)
Windows® Users: Make sure you have the
latest version of Java installed. Visit
www.java.com to download the latest version.
6
Computer with the following:

CD Installation Wizard Requirements
Windows® 7, Vista® , or XP with Service
Pack 2

An installed Ethernet adapter

CD-ROM drive
7
1.2.3
Hardware Configuration
Rear View:
WEC Button
Reset Button
8
LAN Port
LAN(PoE) Port
Power Jack
1.2.4
LED
LED Indicators
Description
Color: Amber / Green
Soild Amber: Device druing power-on process
Soild Amber: Device druing power-on process
Soild Green: Completion of power on
Status
Blinking Amber: Device is crashed and under recovery mode
Blinking Green: The system is detective, such firmware upgrades fail
Blink Amber led while pinging IP address of the device.
Light Off: The device is power-off
Master Mode: Green in Normal Status
2.4GHz
Slave Mode: Amber in Normal Status
LED in flash: data packet transferred
PoE
LED in flash: data packet transferred
LAN
LED in flash: data packet transferred
9
1.2.5
Button Indicators
Button
WEC(Wireless Easy
Connection)
Description
The device has to take about 36 sec to change Mode completely.
Step1:Press WEC Button about 9~10 seconds (Watch Status
LED to flash about 9~10 times)
Step2: WiFi LED Dark then release button
Step3: Wait for about 25~26 seconds to change Wi-Fi LED
Color:
The procedure of WiFi LED:
th
Master to Slave : “Green” (9th ~10th
~36th
“Amber” color
Slave to Master: "Amber"(9th ~10th
"Green" color
th
~36th
Negotiate
Configuration
Click WEC Button (about 1second) of master AP and any slave
AP as one pair simultaneously.
Reset Button
Press (6) sec to reset to factory default settings.
10
Chapter 2 Getting Started
Please use windows EZ setup utility or Web UI wizard to enter the setup process.
2.1
Easy Setup by Configuring Web UI
You can also browse web UI to configure the device. Firstly you need to launch the Setup
Wizard browser first and then the Setup Wizard will guide you step-by-step to finish the
basic setup process.
Browse to Activate the Setup Wizard
Type in the IP Address (http://192.168.1.1)
Type the default password ‘admin’ in the System
Password and then click ‘login’ button.
11
Select “Wizard” for basic settings in a simple way.
Or, you can go to Basic Network / Advanced Network / Applications / System to setup
the configuration by your own selection.
Press “Next” to start the Setup Wizard.
Configure with the Setup Wizard
Step 1
You can change the password of
administrator here.
12
Step 2
Entry LAN IP Address.
Step 3-1
Wireless setting.
Step 3-2
Wireless authentication and
encryption.
Step 4
Check the information again.
13
Step 5
System is applying the setting.
Step 6
Click finish to complete it.
14
2.2
Use WEC Button to Setup Wireless Profiles
WEC Button is Wireless Easy Connection. There are 2 purposes for this Button.
One is to switch AP into Master or Slave Mode.
However, Main purpose of Slave AP is to get Wireless profile of Master AP to extend
connective distance w/o login configured Web.
Access Point is in Master Mode
When Access Point is Master Mode, LED of 2.4G is Green.
Generally speaking, the settings of Master AP can work in your Network environment.
※Device Network IP Address depend as current Settings.
Access Point is in Slave Mode
When Access Point is Slave Mode, LED of 2.4G is Amber.
New deployed or reset-to-default Access points have to configure Wireless setting so
that can work current network environment.
※Device Network IP Address is DHCP Client in Slave Mode.
Please check if DHCP Server exists in your Network Environment.
If Not, please change to Master Mode after getting Wireless Profiles, it will be Default IP
“Static IP”.(Due to New deployed or reset-to-default Access point.)
15
Configure Slave AP via WEC Button
Step 1
Check 2.4GHz LED of Access Point which acts as Master Mode. It should be Green. If not,
please use WEC button to switch into Master Mode.
Step 2
Check 2.4GHz LED of Access Point which acts as Slave Mode. It should be Amber. If not,
please use WEC button to switch into Slave Mode.
Step 3
Click WEC Button (about 1second) of master AP and any slave AP as one pair
simultaneously
Step 4
WiFi LED of Master and Slave AP will flash and Negotiate WiFi Profile Configuration. This
Process will finish within 30~60 sec. Then WiFi LED will be Solid.
※If Negotiation failed or Master or Slave AP don’t existed, WiFi LED will Flash 2 min
then will be Solid. Please try again
16
Chapter 3 Making Configurations
Whenever you want to configure your network or this device, you can access the
Configuration Menu by opening the web-browser and typing in the IP Address of the
device. The default IP Address is: 192.168.1.1. In the configuration section you may want
to check the connection status of the router, to do Basic or Advanced Network setup or to
check the system status. These task buttons can be easily found in the cover page of the
UI (User Interface).
Enter the default password “admin” in the System Password and then click ‘login’
button.
17
Afterwards, you can go Wizard, Basic Network, Advanced Network, Application or
System respectively on left hand side of web page.
Note: You can see the Connection Status screen below after you logged in.
Note : You can see all the status of this device in the ‘Status’ main menu section.
18
3.1
Basic Network
You can enter Basic Network for Ethernet LAN and Wireless settings as the icon here
shown
3.1.1
Ethernet LAN
This device supports two types as Follows:
Static IP: Allow a device to act as a Static host. If you need Static host and please
entry IP Address.
DHCP: Allow a device to act as a host requesting configuration parameters, such as
an IP address from a DHCP server.
Note: Please check if there is DHCP server in your Network, first.
19
3.1.2
Wireless
Wireless settings allow you to set the WLAN (WiFi) configuration items. When the
wireless configuration is done your WiFi LAN is ready to support your local WiFi
devices such as your laptop PC, wireless printer and some portable wireless
devices.
3.1.3.1
Wireless Setup
There are several wireless operation modes provided by this device. They
are: “AP Only Mode”, “WDS Hybrid Mode”, “WDS Only Mode”, and
“Universal Repeater Mode”. You can choose the expected mode and
configure the device manually.
Besides manually configuration the devices to be deployed one by one, you
can also configure your devices via the simple WEC configuration approach
20
as stated in last Chapter. By default, the Master AP is set to the WDS-hybrid
Mode, and the Slave APs are set to the Universal Repeater mode. You just
have to manually configure the Master AP via the web UI configuration, and
use the WEC process for the rest Slave APs.
3.1.3.1.1
AP Only Mode
When acting as an access point, this device connects all the wireless
stations to a wired network.
21
1. Wireless Module: Enable the wireless function.
2. Wireless Operation Mode: Choose “AP Only Mode” from the list.
3. Green AP: Enable the Green AP function to reduce the power consumption when
there is no wireless traffic.
4.
AP Number: This device supports up to 8 SSIDs at the same time for you to
manage your wireless networks. You can select AP1 ~ AP8 and configure each
wireless network individually.
5.
Network ID (SSID): Network ID is used for identifying a Wireless LAN. Client
stations can roam freely over this device and other Access Points that have the
same Network ID. The factory default SSID is “default”, you can change it to a
meaningful identifier for the wireless users to easy find it out.
6.
SSID Broadcast: By default, the SSID Broadcast setting is “Enable”, and the
device will broadcast beacons that have some information, including SSID, to the
air, so that wireless clients can know how many AP devices by scanning the
network. Therefore, if this setting is configured as “Disable”, you can hide the
wireless network from been scanned by wireless clients. Those who know the
SSID can manually specify the SSID on their client device to connect the hidden
22
wireless network.
7.
VLAN ID: This device supports mapping of a SSID to a certain VLAN ID to
separate workgroups across wireless and wired domains. By default, it is not
enables. If you enabled this function, you have to specify a VLAN ID for the
wireless network.
8.
Max Supported Stations: You can specify the number of maximum stations that
can associate to the SSID simultaneously.
9.
Channel: The radio channel number. The permissible channels depend on the
Regulatory Domain. The factory default setting is auto channel selection. It’s
recommended to choose a channel that is not used in your environment to
reduce radio interference.
10. Wireless Mode: The RF1 module supports 802.11b/g/n modes. You can also
choose “N only”, “G/N mixed” or “B/G/N mixed”. The factory default setting is
“B/G/N mixed”.
11. Bandwidth: The default setting for Bandwidth is “Auto”. You can change it to
“20MHz” with care if some clients are suffering from the connectivity problem in
higher bandwidth setting.
12. Authentication & Encryption: You may select one of the following
authentications to secure your wireless network: Open (include 802.1x), Shared,
Auto, WPA-PSK, WPA, WPA2-PSK, WPA2, WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK, or WPA
/WPA2.
 Open
Open system authentication simply consists of two communications. The first
is an authentication request by the client that contains the station ID (typically
the MAC address). This is followed by an authentication response from the AP
containing a success or failure message. An example of when a failure may
occur is if the client's MAC address is explicitly excluded in the AP’s
configuration.
In this mode you can also enable the 802.1x feature if you have another
RADIUS server for user authentication. You need to input IP address, port,
shared key of RADIUS server here.
In this mode, you can only choose “None” or “WEP” in the encryption field.
 Shared
23
Shared key authentication relies on the fact that both stations taking part in the
authentication process have the same "shared" key or passphrase. The
shared key is manually set on both the client station and the AP. Three types
of shared key authentication are available today for home or small office
WLAN environments.
 Auto
The gateway will select appropriate authentication method (Open or Shared)
according to the WiFi client’s request automatically.
 WPA-PSK
Select Encryption mode and enter the Pre-share Key. You can fill in 64
hexadecimal (0, 1, 2…8, 9, A, B…F) digits, or 8 to 63 ASCII characters as the
pre-share key.
 WPA
Select Encryption mode and enter RADIUS Server related information. You
have to specify the IP address, and port number for the RADIUS Server, and
then fill in 64 hexadecimal (0, 1, 2…8, 9, A, B…F) digits, or 8 to 63 ASCII
characters as the shared key. The key value is shared by the RADIUS server
and this router. This key value must be consistent with the key value in the
RADIUS server. The available encryption modes are “TKIP”, “AES”, or
“TKIP/AES”.
 WPA2-PSK
Select Encryption mode and enter the Pre-share Key. You can fill in 64
hexadecimal (0, 1, 2…8, 9, A, B…F) digits, or 8 to 63 ASCII characters as the
pre-share key.
 WPA2
Select Encryption mode and enter RADIUS Server related information. You
have to specify the IP address, and port number for the RADIUS Server, and
then fill in 64 hexadecimal (0, 1, 2…8, 9, A, B…F) digits, or 8 to 63 ASCII
characters as the shared key. The key value is shared by the RADIUS server
and this router. This key value must be consistent with the key value in the
RADIUS server. The available encryption modes are “TKIP”, “AES”, or
“TKIP/AES”.
 WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK
Select Encryption mode and enter the Pre-share Key. You can fill in 64
hexadecimal (0, 1, 2…8, 9, A, B…F) digits, or 8 to 63 ASCII characters as the
pre-share key.
 WPA/WPA2
If some of wireless clients can only support WPA, but most of them can
support WPA2. You can choose this option to support both of them. Select
Encryption mode and enter RADIUS Server related information. You have to
24
specify the IP address, and port number for the RADIUS Server, and then fill in
64 hexadecimal (0, 1, 2…8, 9, A, B…F) digits, or 8 to 63 ASCII characters as
the shared key. The key value is shared by the RADIUS server and this router.
This key value must be consistent with the key value in the RADIUS server.
Afterwards, click on “Save” to store your settings or click “Undo” to give up the
changes.
3.1.3.1.2
WDS Hybrid Mode
This mode makes device act as a wireless bridge but also have AP function. While
acting as a wireless Bridge, Wireless Router 1 and Wireless Router 2 can
communicate with each other through wireless interface (with WDS). Thus All
Stations can communicate each other and are able to access Internet if Wireless
Router 1 has the Internet connection.
.
25
1. Lazy Mode: This device support the Lazy Mode to automatically learn the MAC
address of WDS peers, you don’t have to input other peer AP's MAC address.
However, not all the APs can be set to enable the Lazy mode simultaneously; at
least there must be one AP with all the WDS peers’ MAC address filled.
2. Green AP: Enable the Green AP function to reduce the power consumption when
there is no wireless traffic.
3. AP Number: This device supports up to 8 SSIDs at the same time for you to
manage your wireless networks. You can select AP1 ~ AP8 and configure each
wireless network individually.
4. Network ID (SSID): Network ID is used for identifying a Wireless LAN. Client
stations can roam freely over this device and other Access Points that have the
same Network ID. The factory default SSID is “default”, you can change it to a
meaningful identifier for the wireless users to easy find it out.
5. SSID Broadcast: By default, the SSID Broadcast setting is “Enable”, and the
device will broadcast beacons that have some information, including SSID, to the
air, so that wireless clients can know how many AP devices by scanning the
26
network. Therefore, if this setting is configured as “Disable”, you can hide the
wireless network from been scanned by wireless clients. Those who know the
SSID can manually specify the SSID on their client device to connect the hidden
wireless network.
6. VLAN ID: This device supports mapping of a SSID to a certain VLAN ID to
separate workgroups across wireless and wired domains. By default, it is not
enables. If you enabled this function, you have to specify a VLAN ID for the
wireless network.
7. Max Supported Stations: You can specify the number of maximum stations that
can associate to the SSID simultaneously.
8. Channel: The radio channel number. The permissible channels depend on the
Regulatory Domain. The factory default setting is auto channel selection. It’s
recommended to choose a channel that is not used in your environment to reduce
radio interference
9. Wireless Mode: The RF1 module supports 802.11b/g/n modes. You can also
choose “N only”, “G/N mixed” or “B/G/N mixed”. The factory default setting is
“B/G/N mixed”.
10. Bandwidth: The default setting for Bandwidth is “Auto”. You can change it to
“20MHz” with care if some clients are suffering from the connectivity problem in
higher bandwidth setting.
11. Authentication & Encryption: You may select one of the following
authentications to secure your wireless network: Open (include 802.1x), Shared,
Auto, WPA-PSK, and WPA2-PSK.
 Open
Open system authentication simply consists of two communications. The first
is an authentication request by the client that contains the station ID (typically
the MAC address). This is followed by an authentication response from the AP
containing a success or failure message. An example of when a failure may
occur is if the client's MAC address is explicitly excluded in the AP’s
configuration.
In this mode you can also enable the 802.1x feature if you have another
RADIUS server for user authentication. You need to input IP address, port,
shared key of RADIUS server here.
In this mode, you can only choose “None” or “WEP” in the encryption field.
27
 Shared
Shared key authentication relies on the fact that both stations taking part in the
authentication process have the same "shared" key or passphrase. The
shared key is manually set on both the client station and the AP. Three types
of shared key authentication are available today for home or small office
WLAN environments.
 Auto
The gateway will select appropriate authentication method (Open or Shared)
according to the WiFi client’s request automatically.
 WPA-PSK
Select Encryption mode and enter the Pre-share Key. You can fill in 64
hexadecimal (0, 1, 2…8, 9, A, B…F) digits, or 8 to 63 ASCII characters as the
pre-share key.
 WPA2-PSK
Select Encryption mode and enter the Pre-share Key. You can fill in 64
hexadecimal (0, 1, 2…8, 9, A, B…F) digits, or 8 to 63 ASCII characters as the
pre-share key.
12. Remote AP MAC 1 ~ Remote AP MAC 4: If you do not enable the Lazy mode,
you have to enter the wireless MAC address for each WDS peer one by one.
Afterwards, click on “Save” to store your settings or click “Undo” to give up the
changes.
3.1.3.1.3
WDS Only Mode
WDS (Wireless Distributed System) function let APs acts as a wireless LAN bridge.
All stations associated with WDS APs could see each other and roam through APs
without changing WiFi configurations. You can use this feature to build up a large
wireless network in a large space like airports, hotels and schools …etc.
28
1. Lazy Mode: This device support the Lazy Mode to automatically learn the MAC
address of WDS peers, you don’t have to input other peer AP's MAC address.
However, not all the APs can be set to enable the Lazy mode simultaneously; at
least there must be one AP with all the WDS peers’ MAC address filled.
2. Green AP: Enable the Green AP function to reduce the power consumption when
there is no wireless traffic.
3. Channel: The radio channel number. The permissible channels depend on the
Regulatory Domain. The factory default setting is auto channel selection. It’s
29
recommended to choose a channel that is not used in your environment to reduce
radio interference
4. Wireless Mode: The RF1 module supports 802.11b/g/n modes. You can also
choose “N only”, “G/N mixed” or “B/G/N mixed”. The factory default setting is
“B/G/N mixed”.
5. Bandwidth: The default setting for Bandwidth is “Auto”. You can change it to
“20MHz” with care if some clients are suffering from the connectivity problem in
higher bandwidth setting.
6. Authentication & Encryption: You may select one of the following
authentications to secure your wireless network: Open (include 802.1x), Shared,
Auto, WPA-PSK, and WPA2-PSK.
 Open
Open system authentication simply consists of two communications. The first
is an authentication request by the client that contains the station ID (typically
the MAC address). This is followed by an authentication response from the AP
containing a success or failure message. An example of when a failure may
occur is if the client's MAC address is explicitly excluded in the AP’s
configuration.
In this mode you can also enable the 802.1x feature if you have another
RADIUS server for user authentication. You need to input IP address, port,
shared key of RADIUS server here.
In this mode, you can only choose “None” or “WEP” in the encryption field.
 Shared
Shared key authentication relies on the fact that both stations taking part in the
authentication process have the same "shared" key or passphrase. The
shared key is manually set on both the client station and the AP. Three types
of shared key authentication are available today for home or small office
WLAN environments.
 Auto
The gateway will select appropriate authentication method (Open or Shared)
according to the WiFi client’s request automatically.
 WPA-PSK
Select Encryption mode and enter the Pre-share Key. You can fill in 64
hexadecimal (0, 1, 2…8, 9, A, B…F) digits, or 8 to 63 ASCII characters as the
30
pre-share key.
 WPA2-PSK
Select Encryption mode and enter the Pre-share Key. You can fill in 64
hexadecimal (0, 1, 2…8, 9, A, B…F) digits, or 8 to 63 ASCII characters as the
pre-share key.
7. Remote AP MAC 1 ~ Remote AP MAC 4: If you do not enable the Lazy mode,
you have to enter the wireless MAC address for each WDS peer one by one.
Afterwards, click on “Save” to store your settings or click “Undo” to give up the
changes.
3.1.3.1.4
Universal Repeater Mode
Universal Repeater is a technology used to extend wireless coverage. It provides the
function to act as Adapter (Client) and AP at the same time and can use this function
to connect to a Root AP and use AP (SSID name must be the same as that of Root
AP) function to service all wireless stations within its coverage. All the stations within
the coverage of this access point can be bridged to the Root AP.
31
1. Green AP: Enable the Green AP function to reduce the power consumption when
there is no wireless traffic.
2. Network ID (SSID): Network ID is used for identifying a Wireless LAN. Client
stations can roam freely over this device and other Access Points that have the
same Network ID. The factory default SSID is “default”, you have to change it to
the same SSID of the peer AP to be associated under the Universal Repeater
Mode.
3. Destination AP MAC: Besides to have the same SSID of the peer AP to be
associated under the Universal Repeater mode, you also have to specify the MAC
address of the peer AP to avoid making wrong connection with other AP that has
the same SSID.
4. SSID Broadcast: By default, the SSID Broadcast setting is “Enable”, and the
device will broadcast beacons that have some information, including SSID, to the
air, so that wireless clients can know how many AP devices by scanning the
network. Therefore, if this setting is configured as “Disable”, you can hide the
wireless network from been scanned by wireless clients. Those who know the
SSID can manually specify the SSID on their client device to connect the hidden
wireless network.
32
5. VLAN ID: This device supports mapping of a SSID to a certain VLAN ID to
separate the workgroups across wireless and wired domains. By default, it is not
enables. If you enabled this function, you have to specify a VLAN ID for the
wireless network.
6. Max Supported Stations: You can specify the number of maximum stations that
can associate to the SSID simultaneously.
7. Channel: The radio channel number. The permissible channels depend on the
Regulatory Domain. The factory default setting is auto channel selection. It’s
recommended to choose a channel that is not used in your environment to reduce
radio interference
8. Bandwidth: The default setting for Bandwidth is “Auto”. You can change it to
“20MHz” with care if some clients are suffering from the connectivity problem in
higher bandwidth setting.
9. Authentication & Encryption: You may select one of the following
authentications to secure your wireless network: Open, Shared, Auto, WPA-PSK,
and WPA2-PSK.
Afterwards, click on “Save” to store your settings or click “Undo” to give up the
changes.
3.1.3.2
Advanced Wireless Setup
This device provides advanced wireless setup for professional user to optimize the
wireless performance under the specific installation environment.
3.1.3.2.1
Advanced RF Module1 Settings
33
1.
Beacon interval: Beacons are packets sent by a wireless router to synchronize
wireless devices.
2.
Transmit Power: Normally the wireless transmission power operates at 100% out
power specification of this device. You can lower down the power ratio to prevent
transmissions from reaching beyond your corporate/home office or designated
wireless area.
3.
RTS Threshold: If an excessive number of wireless packet collision occurred, the
wireless performance will be affected. It can be improved by adjusting the RTS/CTS
(Request to Send/Clear to Send) threshold value.
4.
Fragmentation: Wireless frames can be divided into smaller units (fragments) to
improve performance in the presence of RF interference and at the limits of RF
coverage.
5.
DTIM interval: A DTIM is a countdown informing clients of the next window for
listening to broadcast and multicast messages. When the wireless router has
buffered broadcast or multicast messages for associated clients, it sends the next
DTIM with a DTIM Interval value.
6.
WMM Capable: WMM can help control latency and jitter when transmitting
multimedia content over a wireless connection.
7.
WLAN Partition: You can check the WLAN Partition function to separate the wireless
clients associated to the same VAP. The wireless clients can’t communicate each
other, but they can access the internet and other Ethernet LAN devices
8.
AP Isolation: If you enabled multiple VAPs in this device, you can further decide
34
whether the wireless clients associated to different VAPs can access to each other or
not. When you enabled the AP Isolation function, Each VAP is isolated to the others
consequently.
9.
TX Rate: For WiFi transmit rate, you can choose “Best” for auto-adjustment
according to WiFi signal quality in your environment, or you can fix it in certain TX rate.
Please note the WiFi connection may be dropped if you fix at a higher date rate but in
a noisy (poor RF signal quality) environment.
10. Afterwards, click on “Save” to store your settings or click “Undo” to give up the
changes.
35
3.1.3
IPv6
The growth of the Internet has created a need for more addresses than are possible
with IPv4. IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6) is a version of the Internet Protocol (IP)
intended to succeed IPv4, which is the protocol currently used to direct almost all
Internet traffic. IPv6 also implements additional features not present in IPv4. It
simplifies aspects of address assignment (stateless address auto-configuration),
network renumbering and router announcements when changing Internet connectivity
providers. This router supports various types of IPv6 connection (Static IPv6 /
DHCPv6 / PPPoE / 6 to 4 / IPv6 in IPv4 tunnel). Please ask your ISP of what type of
IPv6 is supported before you proceed with IPv6 setup.
1. LAN IPv6 address settings: Please enter “LAN IPv6 address” and ignore the
“LAN IPv6 Link-Local address”.
“2001:0db8:85a3:0000:0000:8a2e:0370:7334”
36
3.2
Advanced Network
This router also supports many advanced network features, such as Firewall, and
Management. You can finish those configurations in this section.
3.2.1
Firewall
The firewall includes MAC Address Control.
3.2.1.1 MAC Address Control
MAC Address Control allows you to assign different access right for different users
and to assign a specific IP address to a certain MAC address.
1.
MAC Address Control: Check “Enable” to enable the “MAC Address Control”.
All of the settings in this page will take effect only when “Enable” is checked.
2.
Association control: Check "Association control" to enable the control of which
wireless client can associate to the wireless LAN. If a client is denied to
associate to the wireless LAN, it means the client can't send or receive any data
via this device. Choose "allow" or "deny" to allow or deny the clients, whose MAC
addresses are not in the "Control table", to associate to the wireless LAN.
37
Afterwards, click on “Save” to store your settings or click “Undo” to give up the
changes.
3.2.2
Management
3.2.2.1 UPNP
UPnP Internet Gateway Device (IGD) Standardized Device Control Protocol is a NAT
port mapping protocol and is supported by some NAT routers. It is a common
communication protocol of automatically configuring port forwarding. Applications
using peer-to-peer networks, multiplayer gaming, and remote assistance programs
need a way to communicate through home and business gateways. Without IGD one
has to manually configure the gateway to allow traffic through, a process which is
error prone and time consuming
This device supports the UPnP Internet Gateway Device (IGD) feature. By default, it
is enabled.
3.2.2.2 SNMP
In brief, SNMP, the Simple Network Management Protocol, is a protocol designed to
give a user the capability to remotely manage a computer network by polling and
setting terminal values and monitoring network events.
38
1.
Enable SNMP: Enable this Function.
2.
SNMP Version: Supports SNMP V1, V2c, and V3.
3.
Get Community: The community of GetRequest that this device will respond.
This is a text password mechanism that is used to weakly authenticate queries to
agents of managed network devices.
4.
Set Community: The community of SetRequest that this device will accept.
5.
SNMPv3 Settings: User 1/2: This device supports up to two SNMP
management accounts. You can specify the account permission as “Read” or
“Read/Write” respectively.
6.
User 1/2 AUTH Mode: Select MD5 or SHA as the method of password
encryption for the specified level of access, or to disable authentication.
7.
User 1/2 Privacy Mode: You can configure the SNMP privacy mode. There are
three modes for you to choose: “noAuthNoPriv” for both authentication and
private key are not required, “authNoPriv” for no private key required, and
39
“authPriv” for both authentication and private key required.
8.
Username 1/2: Use this field to identify the user name for the specified level of
access.
9.
Password 1/2: Use this field to set the password for the specified level of
access.
10. User 1/2 Priv Key: Use this field to define the encryption key for the specified
level of access.
11. Trap Event Receiver 1 ~ 4: Enter the IP addresses or Domain Name of your
SNMP Management PCs. You have to specify the IP address, so that the device
can send SNMP Trap message to the management PCs consequently.
40
3.3
System
In this section you can see system information, system logs, use system tools for system
update and do service scheduling and system administration setting.
3.3.1 System Information
You can view the System Information in this page.
3.3.2 System Status
3.3.2.1 Web Log
41
1.
Log Types: You can select the log types to be collected in the web log area.
There are “System”, “Attacks”, “Drop”, and “Debug” types for you to select.
2.
Web Log: You can browse, refresh, download, and clear the log messages.
3.3.2.2 Syslog
This device can also export system logs to specific destination by means of syslog
(UDP) and SMTP(TCP). With enabled Syslog function, this device will send log to a
certain host periodically. You need to install a syslog utility on a host to receive
syslogs
The items you have to setup include:
1.
IP Address for syslogd: Host IP of destination where syslog will be sent to.
Check Enable to enable this function.
3.3.2.3 Email Alert
42
This device can also export system logs via sending emails to specific recipients. The
items you have to setup include:
1.
Setting of Email alert: Check if you want to enable Email alert (send syslog via
email).
2.
SMTP Server: Port: Input the SMTP server IP and port, which are connected
with ':'. If you do not specify port number, the default value is 25.
For example, "mail.your_url.com" or "192.168.1.100:26".
3.
SMTP Username: Enter the Username offered by your ISP.
4.
SMTP Password: Enter the password offered by your ISP.
5.
E-mail Addresses: The recipients are the ones who will receive these logs. You
can assign more than 1 recipient, using ';' or ',' to separate these email
addresses.
6.
E-mail Subject: The subject of email alert is optional.
Afterwards, click on “Save” to store your settings or click “Undo” to give up the
changes.
3.3.3 System Tools
3.3.3.1 Change Password
You can change the System Password here. We strongly recommend you to change
the system password for security reason. Click on “Save” to store your settings or
43
click “Undo” to give up the changes.
3.3.3.2 FW Upgrade
If new firmware is available, you can upgrade router firmware through the WEB GUI
here.
Press “browse” button to indicate the file name of new firmware, and then press
Upgrade button to start to upgrade new firmware on this device. If you want to
upgrade a firmware which is from GPL policy, please check “Accept unofficial
firmware”.
NOTE.
PLEASE DO NOT TURN THE DEVICE OFF WHEN UPGRADE IS
PROCEEDING.
44
3.3.3.3 System Time
If new firmware is available, you can upgrade router firmware through the WEB GUI
here.
1.
Time Zone: Select a time zone where this device locates.
2.
Auto-Synchronization: Check the “Enable” checkbox to enable this function.
Besides, you can select a NTP time server to consult UTC time.
3.
Sync with Time Server: Click on the button if you want to set Date and Time by
NTP Protocol.
4.
Sync with my PC: Click on the button if you want to set Date and Time using the
PC’s Date and Time.
Afterwards, click on “Save” to store your settings or click “Undo” to give up the
changes.
45
3.3.3.4 Others
In this section you can do system backup, reset to default, system reboot settings and
ping test.
1.
Backup Setting: You can backup your settings by clicking the “Backup” button
and save it as a bin file. Once you want to restore these settings, please click
Firmware Upgrade button and use the bin file you saved.
2.
Reset to Default: You can also reset this device to factory default settings by
clicking the “Reset“ button.
3.
Reboot: You can also reboot this device by clicking the “Reboot“ button.
4.
MAC Address for Wake-on-LAN: Wake-on-LAN (WOL) is an Ethernet
networking standard that allows a computer to be turned on or awakened by a
network message. You can enter the MAC address of the computer, in your LAN
network, to be remotely turned on.
5.
Domain Name or IP address for Ping Test: This allows you to configure an IP,
and ping the device. You can ping a specific IP to test whether it is alive.
6.
Domain Name or IP address for Traceroute: Traceroute is a network
diagnostic tool for displaying the route (path) and measuring transit delays of
packets across an IP network. Traceroute proceeds unless all (three) sent
packets are lost more than twice, then the connection is lost and the route cannot
be evaluated. Ping, on the other hand, only computes the final round-trip times
from the destination point
46
3.3.4 MMI
3.3.4.1 Web UI
You can set UI administration time-out duration give remote administration host port
in this page. When the host port is given please remember to check the enable box
and save your settings.
47
CHAPTOR 4 Troubleshooting
This Chapter provides solutions to problems for the installation and operation of the WiFi
Concurrent N600 Business AP. You can refer to the following if you are having problems.
1 Why can’t I configure the router even the cable is plugged
and the LED is lit?
Do a Ping test to make sure that the WiFi
Note: It is recommended that you
Broadband Router is responding.
use
an
Ethernet
connection
to
configure it
Go to Start > Run.
1.
Type cmd.
2.
Press OK.
3.
Type ipconfig to get the IP of default gateway.
4.
Type “ping 192.168.1.1”. Assure that you ping the correct IP Address
assigned to the WiFi Concurrent N600 Business AP. It will show four replies if
you ping correctly.
Ensure that your Ethernet Adapter is working, and that all network drivers are installed
48
properly. Network adapter names will vary depending on your specific adapter. The
installation steps listed below are applicable for all network adapters.
1.
Go to Start > Right click on “My Computer” > Properties.
2.
Select the Hardware Tab.
3.
Click Device Manager.
4.
Double-click on “Network Adapters”.
5.
Right-click on Wireless Card bus Adapter or your specific network adapter.
6.
Select Properties to ensure that all drivers are installed properly.
7.
Look under Device Status to see if the device is working properly.
8.
Click “OK”.
2 What can I do if my Ethernet connection does not work
properly?
A.
Make sure the RJ45 cable connects with the router.
B.
Ensure that the setting on your Network Interface Card adapter is “Enabled”.
C.
If settings are correct, ensure that you are not using a crossover Ethernet cable,
not all Network Interface Cards are MDI/MDIX compatible, and use a patch cable
is recommended.
D.
If the connection still doesn’t work properly, then you can reset it to default.
3 Something wrong with the wireless connection?
A.
Can’t setup a wireless connection?
I.
Ensure that the SSID and the encryption settings are exactly the same to the
Clients.
II.
Move the WiFi Concurrent N600 Business AP and the wireless client into
the same room, and then test the wireless connection.
49
III. Disable all security settings such as WEP, and MAC Address Control.
IV. Turn off the WiFi Concurrent N600 Business AP and the client, then restart it
and then turn on the client again.
V.
Ensure that the LEDs are indicating normally. If not, make sure that the
power and Ethernet cables are firmly connected.
VI. Ensure that the IP Address, subnet mask, gateway and DNS settings are
correctly entered for the network.
VII.
If you are using other wireless device, home security systems or ceiling fans,
lights in your home, your wireless connection may degrade dramatically.
Keep your product away from electrical devices that generate RF noise such
as microwaves, monitors, electric motors…
B.
What can I do if my wireless client can not access the Internet?
I.
Out of range: Put the router closer to your client.
II.
Wrong SSID or Encryption Key: Check the SSID or Encryption setting.
III. Connect with wrong AP: Ensure that the client is connected with the correct
Access Point.
i. Right-click on the Local Area Connection icon in the taskbar.
ii. Select View Available Wireless Networks in Wireless Configure.
Ensure you have selected the correct available network.
iii. Reset the WiFi Concurrent N600 Business AP to default setting
C.
Why does my wireless connection keep dropping?
I.
Antenna Orientation.
i. Try different antenna orientations for the WiFi Concurrent N600 Business
AP.
ii. Try to keep the antenna at least 6 inches away from the wall or other
objects.
50
II.
Try changing the channel on the WiFi Concurrent N600 Business AP, and
your Access Point and Wireless adapter to a different channel to avoid
interference.
III. Keep your product away from electrical devices that generate RF noise, like
microwaves, monitors, electric motors, etc.
4 What to do if I forgot my encryption key?
1. Go back to advanced setting to set up your Encryption key again.
2. Reset the WiFi Concurrent N600 Business AP to default setting
5 How to reset to default?
1. Ensure the WiFi Concurrent N600 Business AP is powered on
2. Find the Reset button on the right side
3. Press the Reset button for 8 seconds and then release.
4. After the WiFi Concurrent N600 Business AP reboots, it has back to the factory
default settings.
51
Appendix A. Licensing information
This product includes copyrighted third-party software licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
License. Please refer to the GNU General Public License below to check the detailed terms of this license.
The following parts of this product are subject to the GNU GPL, and those software packages are copyright
by their respective authors.
Linux Kernel
GPLv2
Linux-2.6.21
busybox
GPLv2
busybox_1.3.2
bridge-utils
GPLv2
bridge-utils 1.1
udhcp server
GPLv2
udhcp-0.9.9
fdisk
GPLv2
util-linux 2.12q
mke2fs, e2fsck
GPLv2
e2fsprogs v1.40.2
samba
GNUv2
samba 3.0.20
wireless tools
GPLv2
wireless tools
vsfptd
GPLv2
vsftpd-2.0.3
Transmission
MIT Transmission-1.74
mt-daapd
GNUv2
mt-daapd-0.2.4
dnrd
GNUv2
DNRD-2.17
libcurl
cURL-7.19.6
OpenSSL
BSD openssl-1.00b3
ntfs-3g
GNUv2
ntfs-3g-2009.4.4
Zebra
GNUv2
zebra-0.95a
snmpd
CMU snmp-4.1.2
pptp
GNUv2
pptp-1.7.1
pppoe
GPLv2
pppoe-3.8
pppd
BSD ppp-2.4
l2tpd
GPLv2
l2tp-0.4
iptables
GNUv2
iptables-1.4.2
tc
GNUv2
iproute2-2.6.11
wget
GNU wget-1.7.1
udhcp client
Availability of source code
Please visit our web site or contact us to obtain more information.
52
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
Preamble
The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast,
the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free
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the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some
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code. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights.
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TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
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53
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54
offering equivalent access to copy the source code from the same place counts as distribution of the source
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55
NO WARRANTY
11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE
PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE
STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE
PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND
PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE,
YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY
COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE
PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES,
INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT
OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF
DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD
PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF
SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
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