Installation of SAP Systems Based on the

Installation Guide
PUBLIC
Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 SP22
Document Version: 2.9.1 – 2018-02-12
Installation of SAP Systems Based on the
Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 to
7.5x on UNIX: SAP HANA Database
Content
1
About this Document. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.1
Naming Conventions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
1.2
Constraints. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.3
Before You Start. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.4
SAP Notes for the Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
1.5
New Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
New Features - Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 SP22. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
New Features - Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 SP21 and Lower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
2
Installation Options Covered by this Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2.1
Standard System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2.2
Distributed System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
2.3
High-Availability System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
2.4
Additional Application Server Instance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
2.5
ASCS Instance with Integrated SAP Web Dispatcher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
2.6
ASCS Instance with Integrated Gateway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
2.7
SAP Host Agent as a Separate Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
3
Planning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.1
Planning Checklist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.2
Changed File System Structure and Profiles for SAP Systems Based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 and
Higher. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
3.3
Installation Using a Stack Configuration File. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
3.4
Hardware and Software Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Running the Prerequisites Check in Standalone Mode (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Requirements for the SAP System Hosts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
3.5
Planning User and Access Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
3.6
Basic Installation Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
SAP System Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
SAP System Database Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Additional Parameters when Installing SAP Process Integration 7.5 or SAP Solution Manager
7.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Additional Parameters When Using a Stack Configuration File (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Parameters for Additional Components to be Included in the ASCS Instance (Optional). . . . . . . . 66
3.7
SAP System Transport Host. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
3.8
Planning the Switchover Cluster for High Availability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
4
Preparation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
2
PUBLIC
Installation of SAP Systems Based on the Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 to
7.5x on UNIX: SAP HANA Database
Content
4.1
Preparation Checklist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
4.2
Installing the SAP HANA Database. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
4.3
Setting Connectivity Data for the SAP HANA Database. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
4.4
Creating Operating System Users and Groups. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
4.5
Required File Systems and Directories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
SAP Directories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
SAP HANA Database Client Directory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Setting Up File Systems for a High-Availability System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
4.6
Using Virtual Host Names. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
4.7
Performing Switchover Preparations for High Availability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
4.8
Installing the SAP Front-End Software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
4.9
Configuring Host Names for the SAP HANA Database. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
4.10
Checking Time Zones. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
4.11
Preparing the Installation Media. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Downloading and Extracting the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 Archive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Using the Physical Media from the Installation Package. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Downloading SAP Kernel Archives (Archive-Based Installation). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Downloading Complete Installation Media. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
5
Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
5.1
Installation Checklist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
5.2
Exporting and Mounting the Transport Directory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
5.3
Exporting and Mounting Global Directories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
5.4
Specifying the Initial Data Source of the User Management Engine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
5.5
Prerequisites for Running the Installer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
5.6
Running the Installer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
5.7
Additional Information About the Installer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Useful Information About the Installer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Interrupted Processing of the Installer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Entries in the Services File Created by the Installer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Troubleshooting with the Installer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Using the Step State Editor (SAP Support Experts Only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
6
Post-Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
6.1
Post-Installation Checklist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
6.2
Logging On to the Application Server ABAP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
6.3
SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and Higher: Performing Automated Initial Setup (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
6.4
Enabling SAP EarlyWatch Alert for ABAP Systems on SAP HANA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
6.5
Installing the SAP License. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
6.6
High Availability: Setting Up Licenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
6.7
Configuring the Remote Connection to SAP Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
6.8
Installing SAP Online Documentation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Installation of SAP Systems Based on the Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 to
7.5x on UNIX: SAP HANA Database
Content
PUBLIC
3
6.9
Performing the Consistency Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
6.10
Configuring the Change and Transport System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139
6.11
Connecting the System to SAP Solution Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
6.12
Applying the Latest Kernel and Support Package Stacks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
6.13
Performing Post-Installation Steps for the ABAP Application Server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
6.14
SAP Solution Manager 7.2, SAP Process Integration 7.5 only: Enabling HTTPS Communication for
ABAP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
6.15
Installing Additional Languages and Performing Language Transport. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
6.16
SAP Kernel 7.40 and Higher: IP Multicast Configuration and Wake-Up Mechanism. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
6.17
PI 7.5 Only: Configuring the Process Integration System After the Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
6.18
Configuring the User Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
6.19
Ensuring User Security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
6.20
Performing the Client Copy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154
6.21
Installation or Upgrade of SAP HANA Studio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
6.22
Backing Up the SAP HANA Database. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
6.23
SAP Systems Based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and Higher: Changing Keys for the Secure Storage
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
6.24
Performing a Full Installation Backup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
6.25
Logging on to the SAP Web Dispatcher Management Console. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
6.26
SAP Web Dispatcher Configuration (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
6.27
Gateway Configuration (Optional). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
7
Additional Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
7.1
Integration of LDAP Directory Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
7.2
Installation of Multiple Components in One Database. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
7.3
Creating a User for LDAP Directory Access. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
7.4
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .170
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for AIX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for HP-UX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for Linux. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for Oracle Solaris. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
7.5
Heterogeneous SAP System Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
7.6
Installing the SAP Host Agent Separately. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
7.7
Starting and Stopping SAP System Instances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Starting and Stopping SAP System Instances Using the SAP Management Console. . . . . . . . . . 180
Starting and Stopping SAP System Instances Using Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
7.8
4
Deleting an SAP System or Single Instances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
PUBLIC
Installation of SAP Systems Based on the Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 to
7.5x on UNIX: SAP HANA Database
Content
Document History
Note
Before you start the implementation, make sure you have the latest version of this document, which is
available at https://support.sap.com/sltoolset
Provisioning Manager
System Provisioning
Installation Option of Software
.
The following table provides an overview on the most important document changes:
Version
Date
Description
2.9.1
2018-02-12
Updated version for software provisioning manager 1.0 SP22 (SL Toolset 1.0
SP22)
Installation of SAP Systems Based on the Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 to
7.5x on UNIX: SAP HANA Database
Document History
PUBLIC
5
Version
Date
Description
2.9
2018-01-15
Updated version for software provisioning manager 1.0 SP22 (SL Toolset 1.0
SP22)
●
New Features:
○
Signature check for installation archives, documented in: New Fea­
tures, Downloading SAP Kernel Archives (Archive-Based Installation)
Archive-Based Installation for Diagnostics Agent, Downloading the SAP
Kernel Archives Required for the Dual-Stack Split (Without Operating
System and Database Migration), Downloading the SAP Kernel Ar­
chives Required for Operating System and Database Migration
○
Installer Log Files Improvements, documented in: New Features, Use­
ful Information about the Installer, Troubleshooting with the Installer
○
Secure ABAP message server connection, documented in: New Fea­
tures, SAP System Parameters
○
Enabling IPv6, documented in: New Features, Prerequisites for Run­
ning the Installer
●
New Features section restructured: As of SP22, a dedicated subsection for
each new SP has been created. New features below SP22 remain in a com­
mon table.
●
The Java SDT GUI - which was in the SP21 version still available in parallel
to the SL Common GUI - has been deprecated with SP22. As of SP22, SL
Common GUI is the only available installer GUI:
○
The following sections which were explicitely related to Java SDT GUI
were completely removed from this documentation: Performing a Re­
mote Installation Remote Processing of the Installer ( Java SDT GUI
only), Starting the Java SDT GUI Separately, Running the Installer in
Accessibility Mode (general accessibility information was moved to
Useful Information About the Installer).
○
The Java SDT GUI-specific information was removed from the com­
mon installer sections: Running the Installer, Useful Information About
the Installer, Interrupted Processing of the Installer, Troubleshooting
with the Installer, Deleting an SAP System or Single Instances
●
6
PUBLIC
New section Using the Step State Editor (SAP Support Experts Only) was
added to section Additional Information About the Installer
Installation of SAP Systems Based on the Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 to
7.5x on UNIX: SAP HANA Database
Document History
Version
Date
Description
2.8
2017-09-11
Updated version for software provisioning manager 1.0 SP21 (SL Toolset 1.0
SP21)
●
New Features:
○
Media Signature Check, documented in: New Features, Running the In­
staller, Preparing the Installation Media .
This feature implies that section Creating Kernel Archives from an Ex­
isting SAP System has been deleted from this documentation because
the related option in the installer had to be removed.
○
Download Media for a Maintenance Plan, documented in: New Fea­
tures, Downloading Media for a Maintenance Plan
○
SAP Host Agent Upgrade , documented in: New Features, SAP System
Parameters, Downloading SAP Kernel Archives (Archive-Based Instal­
lation)
○
Load tools are now available as LOADTOOLS.SAR in the Software Pro­
visioning Manager archive, documented in: New Features, Download­
ing and Extracting the Software Provisioning Manager Archive
○
Simplified additional application server instance installation, docu­
mented in: New Features, Preparing the Installation Media, Download­
ing SAP Kernel Archives (Archive-Based Installation)
2.7
2017-05-22
Updated version for software provisioning manager 1.0 SP20 (SL Toolset 1.0
SP20)
●
New Features:
○
New SAPUI5-based graphical user interface (GUI) “SL Common GUI”,
documented in: Prerequisites for Running the Installer, Running the In­
staller, Useful Information About the Installer
○
Option for choosing to install an integrated SAP Gateway during the
ASCS instance installation, documented in: Installation Options Cov­
ered by this Guide, SAP System Parameters, Parameters for Additional
Components to be Included in the ASCS Instance , Post-Installation
Checklist, SAP Gateway Configuration
○
Cleanup of operating system users, documented in: SAP System Pa­
rameters, Creating Operating System Users and Groups
2.6
2017-02-07
Updated version for software provisioning manager 1.0 SP19 (SL Toolset 1.0
SP19):
●
New Features:
Verification of the integrity of data units in Software Provisioning Manager,
documented in: New Features, Downloading the Software Provisioning Man­
ager Archive
Archive-based Language Installation, documented in: Additional Parame­
ters When Using a Stack Configuration File
Installation of SAP Systems Based on the Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 to
7.5x on UNIX: SAP HANA Database
Document History
PUBLIC
7
Version
Date
Description
2.5
2016-10-07
Updated version for software provisioning manager 1.0 SP18 (SL Toolset 1.0
SP18):
●
New Features:
Option to choose installing an integrated SAP Web Dispatcher during the
ASCS instance installation, documented in: ASCS Instance with Integrated
SAP Web Dispatcher [page 29].
Using RMOSSWPM*.SAR instead of SWPM*.SAR for outdated OS versions
not supported by SAP kernel 7.40 and higher, documented in:
Introduction
2.4
2016-06-06
Constraints
Updated version for software provisioning manager 1.0 SP17 (SL Toolset 1.0
SP17):
●
New Features:
“ Archive-Based Installation”, documented in:
○
New Features [page 15]
○
Preparing the Installation Media [page 91]
Downloading Specific
Installation Archives (Archive-Based Installation)
2.3
2016-02-15
Updated version for software provisioning manager 1.0 SP10 (SL Toolset 1.0
SP16)
2.2
2015-10-12
Updated version for software provisioning manager 1.0 SP09 (SL Toolset 1.0
SP15)
2.1
2015-09-14
Updated version for software provisioning manager 1.0 SP09 (SL Toolset 1.0
SP14)
2.0
2015-04-27
Updated version for software provisioning manager 1.0 SP08 (SL Toolset 1.0
SP13)
1.9
2014-11-24
Updated version for software provisioning manager 1.0 SP07 (SL Toolset 1.0
SP12)
1.8
2014-07-07
Updated version
Instead of a separate installation guide for each UNIX-based operating system,
we now deliver a single installation guide for all UNIX-based operating systems.
Sections that are only relevant for one or more specific operating systems are
highlighted accordingly.
1.7
2014-03-17
Updated version
1.6
2013-10-28
Updated version
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1
About this Document
This installation guide describes how to install an SAP system based on the application server ABAP of SAP
NetWeaver 7.3 to 7.5x using the installation tool Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 SP22 (“installer” for short),
which is part of SL Toolset 1.0 SP22.
Note
As an alternative to using Software Provisioning Manager, you can install your system with a completely
automated end-to-end framework available using SAP Landscape Management. For more information, see
SAP Note 1709155
and https://help.sap.com/lama .
This guide is valid for the operating systems AIX, HP-UX, Linux, and Solaris, and covers the SAP system
products and releases listed in SAP Note 1680045 .
For information about supported operating system and database platforms for the SAP product you want to
install, see the Product Availability Matrix at http://support.sap.com/pam
Caution
Make sure you have read Before You Start [page 11] before you continue with this installation guide.
The SAP HANA database is normally part of the SAP HANA appliance. It is normally pre-installed by SAP
partners before you start the installation. For more information about how to install the SAP HANA database,
see the SAP HANA Server Installation and Update Guide at https://help.sap.com/hana_platform
Installation and Upgrade . During the installation of the SAP system, SoftwareProvisioning Manager (the
“installer”) accesses the SAP HANA database remotely to perform the necessary database-specific installation
steps.
Note
However, if you are installing a standard system [page 22] on Linux, you can now install SAP systems
based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 on the same host as the SAP HANA database. In this case, you must make
sure that you include the RAM requirements for the SAP HANA database instance. For more information,
see SAP Note 1953429 . This scenario is not described in detail in this guide.
For SCM only: If you want to use liveCache on SAP HANA, you must install the LCAPPS package on the
database server. For more information, see the Application Operations Guide at https://help.sap.com/scm
Operations
Related Information
Naming Conventions [page 10]
Constraints [page 11]
Installation of SAP Systems Based on the Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 to
7.5x on UNIX: SAP HANA Database
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Before You Start [page 11]
SAP Notes for the Installation [page 13]
New Features [page 15]
1.1
Naming Conventions
● Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 is the successor of the product- and release-specific delivery of
provisioning tools, such as “SAPinst”.
Before you perform an installation from scratch or a target system installation in the context of a system
copy, we strongly recommend that you always download the latest version of the Software Provisioning
Manager 1.0 which is part of the Software Logistics Toolset 1.0 (“SL Toolset” for short). For more
information, see Preparing the Installation Media [page 91].
This way, you automatically get the latest version with the latest fixes of the tool and supported processes.
For more information about Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 as well as products and releases supported
and https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/SL/Software+Provisioning
by it, see SAP Note 1680045
+Manager+1.0 .
“SAPinst” has been renamed to “Software Provisioning Manager” (“installer” for short) in this
documentation, but the terms “SAPinst” and “sapinst” are still used in:
○ The name of the technical framework of Software Provisioning Manager. For more information about
the SAPinst Framework, see SAP Note 2393060 .
○ Texts and screen elements in the Software Provisioning Manager GUI
○ Names of executables, for example sapinst
○ Names of command line parameters, for example SAPINST_USE_HOSTNAME
○ Names of operating system user groups, such as the additional group sapinst
● “usage type”, “technical usage”, and “product instance”
As of Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 SP07 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP12), the term “product instance” replaces
the terms “ usage type” and “technical usage” for SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including
enhancement package 1 and higher. For more information, see SAP Note 1970349 . Note that there is no
terminology change for older releases and all mentioned terms can be used as synonyms. As this guide is a
generic document, the currently used terms remain but only “product instance” is used from now on when
referring to SAP NetWeaver 7.3 EHP1 and higher.
For more information, see New Features [page 15].
● “installer” refers to “Software Provisioning Manager”.
● “SAP system” refers to SAP system based on the application server of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 / 7.3 including
Enhancement Package 1 / SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.4 / SAP NetWeaver 7.4 / SAP
NetWeaver 7.5 / SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51 innovation packageSAP NetWeaver
Application Server for ABAP 7.52.
● “ABAP system” refers to SAP NetWeaver 7.3 / 7.3 including Enhancement Package 1 / SAP NetWeaver
Application Server for ABAP 7.4 / SAP NetWeaver 7.4 / 7.4 SR1 / SAP NetWeaver 7.5 / SAP NetWeaver
Application Server for ABAP 7.51 innovation packageSAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.52.
● “Diagnostics Agent” refers to the SAP Solution Manager Diagnostics Agent which is the remote component
of End-to-End Root Cause Analysis. It allows having a connection between SAP Solution Manager and
managed systems, and then to collect information from the managed systems for reporting purposes.
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1.2
Constraints
● The Dual Stack option, which integrates an AS ABAP and AS Java in a single system (common System ID
<SAPSID>, common startup framework, common database), is no longer supported in SAP systems based
on SAP NetWeaver 7.5. So if you want to install a new SAP NetWeaver 7.5 Process Integration (PI) system
which is based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5, do not use the documentation Installation Guide - SAP Systems
Based on the Application Server ABAP+Java of SAP NetWeaver on <OS>: <DB>. Instead, use the
Installation Guide - SAP Systems Based on the Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver on <OS>: <DB>
to install the ABAP stack with its own <SAPSID> and the Installation Guide - SAP Systems Based on the
Application Server Java of SAP NetWeaver on <OS>: <DB> to install the Java stack with its own <SAPSID>.
For more information, see the implementation sequence in the Master Guide - SAP NetWeaver 7.5 at http://
help.sap.com/netweaver
<Release>
Installation and Upgrade .
● Not all SAP NetWeaver releases or SAP Business Suite applications that are available in Software
Provisioning Manager 1.0 and are described in this installation guide have already been released. Always
check SAP Note 1680045
to ensure that the installation options you want to perform are already
supported. For information about supported operating system and database platforms, see the Product
Availability Matrix at http://support.sap.com/pam .
● Note that a complete system installation from scratch is not available for every product. For some products
- such as SAP NetWeaver 7.4 - a complete new system installation from scratch is only provided for the
highest support release. If there are one or more support releases, then a complete system installation is
only available for the highest of these support releases. As for the lower support releases, only options for
system copy and additional application server instances are provided.
● Your operating system platform must be 64-bit.
● The startsap and stopsap commands have been deprecated. For more information and for information
on alternatives, see Starting and Stopping SAP System Instances Using Commands [page 184].
● Client 066 is no longer available in newly installed SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5 or higher. For
more information, see SAP Note 1749142 .
● Client 001 is no longer available in newly installed SAP systems based on SAP S/4HANA and SAP BW/
4HANA.
1.3
Before You Start
Make sure that you have read the release-specific “Master Guide” - also called “Installation Guide” for SAP S/
4HANA - for your SAP Business Suite application, SAP NetWeaver application , or SAP Solution Manager
system before you continue with this installation guide.
The “Master Guide” - also called “Installation Guide” for SAP S/4HANA - is the central document leading you
through the overall implementation process for your SAP system installation. It contains crucial information
about the overall implementation sequence, that is activities you have to perform before and after the
installation process described in this installation guide.
You can find a printed version of this guide in your installation package or you can download the latest version
from https://help.sap.com.
Installation of SAP Systems Based on the Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 to
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The following table lists the “Master Guide” - or “Installation Guide” - of the SAP system application for which
you can use this installation guide, along with the available quick link or path to the appropriate download
location:
Document
Installation Guide – SAP S/4HANA <Release>
Internet Address
https://help.sap.com/s4hana
<Release>
Master Guide - SAP BW/4HANA
Product Documentation
Installation Guide
https://help.sap.com/viewer/p/SAP_BW4HANA
Installation and Upgrade
Master Guide – SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
http://help.sap.com/nw752abap
Installation and Upgrade
Master Guide – SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.51
http://help.sap.com/nw751abap
innovation package
Installation and Upgrade
Master Guide – SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
Installation and Upgrade
Master Guide – SAP Solution Manager 7.2
http://help.sap.com/solutionmanager
7.2 <SP>
Master Guide – SAP NetWeaver 7.4
Installation and Upgrade
http://help.sap.com/nw74
Installation and Upgrade
Master Guide SAP Supply Chain Management 7.0
http://help.sap.com/scm
<Including SAP Enhancement Package
<Number> Powered by SAP NetWeaver
Master Guide (Including Upgrade Information) -
<Release>
Installation and Upgrade
http://help.sap.com/crm
SAP Customer Relationship Management 7.0
<Including SAP Enhancement Package
<Release>
Installation and Upgrade
<Number>
Master Guide (Including Upgrade Information) -
http://help.sap.com/srm
SAP Supplier Relationship Management 7.0
<Including SAP Enhancement Package
<Release>
Installation and Upgrade
<Number>
Master Guide - SAP Enhancement Package
http://help.sap.com/erp
<Number> for SAP ERP 6.0
<Release>
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7.5x on UNIX: SAP HANA Database
About this Document
Document
Internet Address
Master Guide – SAP Enhancement Package 1 for
http://help.sap.com/nw731
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
Installation and Upgrade
Master Guide – SAP NetWeaver 7.3
http://help.sap.com/nw73
Installation and Upgrade
1.4
SAP Notes for the Installation
This section lists the most important SAP Notes relevant for an installation using Software Provisioning
Manager
You must read the following SAP Notes before you start the installation. These SAP Notes contain the most
recent information on the installation, as well as corrections to the installation documentation.
Make sure that you have the up-to-date version of each SAP Note, which you can find at https://
support.sap.com/notes .
SAP Notes for the Installation
SAP Note Number
1680045
Title
Description
Release Note for Software Provisioning Man­
Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 with installa­
ager 1.0
tion and system copy for SAP NetWeaver-based
systems
2378874
2365849
Install SAP Solutions on Linux on IBM Power
Information about how to install SAP solutions on
Systems (little endian)
Linux on IBM Power Systems (little endian)
Installation of SAP Systems Based on SAP
Platform-specific information about the SAP sys­
NetWeaver: SAP HANA Database
tem installation and corrections to this documen­
tation
1830427
Installation of SCM on HANA with integrated
liveCache
This SAP Note contains information that is spe­
cific to the SAP system installation of SCM on
HANA with integrated liveCache
73606
Supported Languages and Code Pages
Information on possible languages and language
combinations in SAP systems
1972803
SAP on AIX: Recommendations
This SAP Note contains recommendations and
clarifications for many topics relevant for SAP on
AIX.
Installation of SAP Systems Based on the Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 to
7.5x on UNIX: SAP HANA Database
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SAP Note Number
Title
Description
1075118
SAP on HP-UX: FAQ
This SAP Note contains information that is spe­
cific to the SAP system installation on HP-UX
2369910
SAP Software on Linux: General information
This SAP Note contains Linux-specific informa­
tion about the SAP system installation
1669684
SAP on Oracle Solaris 11
This SAP Note contains information and referen­
ces to SAP Notes relevant for Solaris 11
1067221
Composite SAP Note for heterogeneous instal­ This SAP Note and its related SAP Notes describe
lation
the released operating system and database
combinations for heterogeneous SAP systems
landscapes.
789220
Support Package levels for SAP NetWeaver in­
Information about the ABAP Support Package
stallations/upgrades
levels and kernel patch levels contained in the
current SAP NetWeaver release
819722
Support Package levels for SRM installations/
upgrades
Information about the ABAP Support Package
levels and kernel patch levels contained in the
current SAP SRM release
774615
Support Package levels of ERP/ECC installa­
tions/upgrades
Information about the ABAP Support Package
levels and kernel patch levels contained in the
current SAP ERP release
837413
Support Package levels for CRM installations/
upgrades
Information about the ABAP Support Package
levels and kernel patch levels contained in the
current SAP CRM release
850038
Support Package levels for SCM/APO installa­
tions/upgrades
Information about the ABAP Support Package
levels and kernel patch levels contained in the
current SAP SCM release
1990240
Support of mixed landscapes (Unicode and
Temporarily your system landscape is mixed with
Non-Unicode)
Unicode and Non-Unicode systems. You have
third party software in your system landscape
which does not support Unicode at all. You won­
der whether such a heterogeneous system land­
scape is supported without restrictions.
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1.5
New Features
The sections below provide an overview of the new features in Software Provisioning Manager 1.0
(the“ installer” for short).
Make sure that you also read the Release Notes for your SAP product at https://help.sap.com
your SAP Product>
<Select your SAP Product Version>
What’s New
<Search
.
New Features - Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 SP22 [page 15]
The table in this section provides an overview of the new features in Software Provisioning Manager 1.0
available as of SP22 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP22).
New Features - Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 SP21 and Lower [page 16]
The table in this section provides an overview of the new features in Software Provisioning Manager 1.0
available as of SP21 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP21) and lower.
1.5.1 New Features - Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 SP22
The table in this section provides an overview of the new features in Software Provisioning Manager 1.0
available as of SP22 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP22).
Make sure that you also read the Release Notes for your SAP product at https://help.sap.com
your SAP Product>
<Select your SAP Product Version>
What’s New
<Search
.
Feature
Description
Secure ABAP Message Server Connection
The installer now uses secure connections to the ABAP message server
of the SAP system being installed. For more information, see the ABAP
Message Server Port entry within the Ports table in SAP System Parame­
ters [page 53].
Installer Log Files Improvements
Installer log files are now available immediately after the installer has
been started, that is before a product has been selected on the Welcome
screen. For more information, see Useful Information About the Installer
[page 120] and Troubleshooting with the Installer [page 125].
Signature Check of Installation Archives
The signature of installation archives is checked automatically by the in­
staller during the Define Parameters phase while processing the Software
Package Browser screens. As of now the installer only accepts archives
whose signature has been checked. For more information, see Download­
ing SAP Kernel Archives (Archive-Based Installation) [page 97] .
Installation of SAP Systems Based on the Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 to
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Feature
Description
LOADTOOLS.SAR archive in Software Provi­
The load tools in
sioning Manager enabled for NUC
SWPM10SP<Support_Package_Number>_<Version_Number>.SAR
are now also enabled for an installation using non-Unicode (NUC) kernel
version 7.40 or higher.
For more information, see Downloading and Extracting the Software Pro­
visioning Manager 1.0 Archive [page 93]
Note
This feature enhances feature LOADTOOLS.SAR archive in Software
Provisioning Manager of Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 SP21 (SL
Toolset 1.0 SP21) (see entry LOADTOOLS.SAR archive in Software
Provisioning Manager in New Features - Software Provisioning Man­
ager 1.0 SP21 and Lower [page 16]).
Enabling IPv6
You can now set up a new SAP system or SAP system instance using In­
ternet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6).
For more information, see Prerequisites for Running the Installer [page
111].
1.5.2 New Features - Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 SP21
and Lower
The table in this section provides an overview of the new features in Software Provisioning Manager 1.0
available as of SP21 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP21) and lower.
Make sure that you also read the Release Notes for your SAP product at https://help.sap.com
your SAP Product>
<Select your SAP Product Version>
What’s New
<Search
.
Feature
Description
Availability
Media Signature
The signature of media is checked automatically by the installer
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP21 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP21)
Check
during the Define Parameters phase while processing the Media
Browser screens. As of now the installer only accepts media
whose signature has been checked. See also the description of
this new security feature in SAP Note 2393060
.
For more information, see Preparing the Installation Media [page
91] and Running the Installer [page 114].
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Feature
Description
Availability
SAP Host Agent Up­ During the Define Parameters phase of the installation, the instal­
grade During the In­ ler prompts you whether you want to upgrade an existing version
stallation (Optional) of the SAP Host Agent on the installation host. If there is no SAP
Host Agent on the installation host, it is installed automatically
without prompt. For more information, see the General Parame­
ters table in SAP System Parameters [page 53] .
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP21 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP21)
Simplified Addi­
tional Application
Server Instance In­
stallation
During an additional application server installation, kernel ar­
chives are only prompted if they cannot be retrieved from the pri­
mary application server instance of the existing SAP system. For
more information, see Preparing the Installation Media [page
91].
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP21 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP21)
LOADTOOLS.SAR
An up-to-date version of the load tools - such as R3load,
Software Provisioning Manager
R3szchk, R3ldctl, SAPuptool - which were available so far only 1.0 SP21 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP21)
in the SAPEXEDB.SAR archive of the kernel media, has now been
made available in the Software Provisioning Manager archive. For
an installation using Unicode kernel version 7.40 or higher, the
load tools from the
SWPM10SP<Support_Package_Number>_<Version_Number>
.SAR are used automatically.
archive in Software
Provisioning Man­
ager
For more information, see Downloading and Extracting the Soft­
ware Provisioning Manager 1.0 Archive [page 93]
SL Common GUI
with SAPINST 7.49
With the new installer framework version SAPINST 7.49, you can
now use the new SAPUI5-based graphical user interface (GUI)
“SL Common GUI”. For more information, see Useful Information
About the Installer [page 120], Running the Installer [page 114] .
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP20 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP20)
Cleanup of Operat­
ing System Users
You can now specify during the Define Parameters phase that the
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP20 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP20)
operating system users are to be removed from group sapinst
after the execution of the installer has completed.
For more information, see Operating System Users in SAP System
Parameters [page 53].
Option to install an
SAP Gateway in an
ASCS instance
You can now install an SAP Gateway in an ASCS instance. You can
choose this option while running the ASCS instance installation.
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP20 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP20)
For more information, see ASCS Instance with Integrated Gate­
way [page 31]
Verification of Integ­ The integrity of data units extracted from the Software Provision­
rity of Data Units in
ing Manager archive is verified. For more information, see Down­
Software Provision­
loading and Extracting the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 Ar­
ing Manager
chive [page 93] .
In addition, check SAP Note 1680045
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP19 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP19)
whether additional infor­
mation is available.
Support of Linux on
IBM Power Systems
(little endian)
Software Provisioning Manager supports as of now Linux on IBM
Power Systems (little endian) as operating system platform for
SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5 and higher. For more
information, see SAP Note 2378874
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP19 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP19)
.
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Feature
Description
Availability
Archive-based Lan­
guage Installation
If you perform an installation using a stack configuration file, you
can now add language archives to the download basket and use
them for language installation. This feature is currently restricted
to the latest products only. For more information, see Additional
Parameters When Using a Stack Configuration File (Optional)
[page 64]
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP19 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP19)
Option to install an
SAP Web Dis­
patcher in an ASCS
instance
You can now install an SAP Web Dispatcher in an ASCS instance.
You can choose this option while running the ASCS instance in­
stallation.
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP18 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP18)
For more information, see ASCS Instance with Integrated SAP
Web Dispatcher [page 29]
Archive-Based In­
stallation
Diagnostics Agent
You can now download the required installation archives instead
of the complete SAP kernel installation media. For more informa­
tion, see section Downloading Specific Installation Archives (Ar­
chive-Based Installation) in Preparing the Installation Media [page
91] .
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP17 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP17)
The Diagnostics Agent is no longer installed automatically with
Software Provisioning Manager
the SAP system. The Install Diagnostics Agent check box on the
1.0 SP10 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP16)
Install Diagnostics Agent screen is no longer available.
You now have to install the Diagnostics Agent always separately.
We recommend that you install it prior to the installation of your
SAP system(s).
For more information, see the Diagnostics Agent Installation
Strategy attached to SAP Note 1365123
, and to SAP Note 1858920
, to SAP Note 1833501
and the attached Diagnostics
Agent Setup Guide.
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Feature
Description
Availability
System Provisioning All system provisioning tasks (installation, system copy, system
Software Provisioning Manager
for SAP NetWeaver
1.0 SP09 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP15)
7.5 and SAP
NetWeaver 7.5based Products
rename) are available for the new SAP NetWeaver 7.5 release.
The Dual Stack option, which integrates an AS ABAP and AS Java
in a single system (common System ID <SAPSID>, common
startup framework, common database), is no longer supported in
SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5.
●
After upgrading to SAP NetWeaver 7.5 PI, you first have to
split the still existing dual stack-system before you can use
SAP NetWeaver 7.5 PI productively.
For more information, see the Upgrade Master Guide - SAP
NetWeaver 7.5 at: http://help.sap.com/nw75
Installation and Upgrade
●
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.5 is Unicode only
The primary application server instance directory has been
renamed from /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/
DVEBMGS<Instance_Number> to /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/
D<Instance_Number>.
For more information, see SAP Directories [page 79].
●
Declustering and depooling of tables during the installation is
enabled by default. For more information, see SAP Note
1892354
.
System Provisioning All system provisioning tasks (installation, system copy, system
Software Provisioning Manager
for SAP Solution
rename) are available for the new SAP Solution Manager 7.2 re­
1.0 SP09 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP15)
Manager 7.2
lease. Compared to previous SAP Solution Manager releases, SAP
Solution Manager 7.2 is no longer provided as a classical dualstack system (ABAP system with Java Add-in), but consists of a
separate ABAP and Java stack.
Installation of SAP Systems Based on the Application Server ABAP of SAP NetWeaver 7.3 to
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Feature
Description
Availability
Creating Kernel Ar­
You can reuse the binaries of a dedicated SAP system for a new
Software Provisioning Manager
chives from existing
SAP system installation or target system installation in the con­
1.0 SP09 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP14)
SAP System
text of a system copy by creating *.SAR archives based on the
*.lst files from the executable (exe) directories of the source
SAP system.
Note
This feature is only available for Unicode systems.
Caution
This feature has been deprecated with Software Provisioning
Manager 1.0 SP21 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP21) and the related option
has been removed from the Welcome screen. This deprecation
has been accomplished to ensure compliancy with the new
feature “Media Signature Check” of Software Provisioning
Manager 1.0 SP21 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP21) described above in
this table.
Usage Type Library
Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 no longer uses the “Usage
Deprecation for SAP Types” definitions in its business logic for SAP systems based on
Systems Based on
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 EHP1 and higher. This is done to unify model­
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
ing and terminology across all SAP tools used during the plan­
EHP1 and Higher
ning, installation and maintenance activities. The “Product In­
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP07 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP12)
stance” definition replaces “Usage Types” regarding product
modeling. For more information, see SAP Notes 1970349
1877731
and
.
Installation Using a
You can start the installer using a stack configuration file gener­
Software Provisioning Manager
Stack Configuration
ated by the Maintenance Planner. The configuration parameters
1.0 SP07 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP12)
File
in this file can then be used by the installer to improve the integra­
tion with SUM and to simplify the process of installation for a new
system on target software level.
For more information, see Installation Using a Stack Configuration File (Optional) [page 36].
Adaptive Installation You can assign virtual host names to SAP system instances dur­
ing the input phase of the installation directly on the screens
Software Provisioning Manager
1.0 SP07 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP12)
where you define the instance parameters.
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Feature
Description
Availability
Feedback Evaluation SAP SE’s aim is to provide fast and efficient procedures. To evalu­
Software Provisioning Manager
Form
1.0 SP07 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP12)
ate the procedure you just carried out, we need information gen­
erated by the tool during process execution and your experience
with the tool itself. A new evaluation form contains a simple ques­
tionnaire and XML data generated during the procedure.
Port 4239 is used for displaying the feedback evaluation form. For
more information, see Prerequisites for Running the Installer
[page 111].
Option Verify Signed The digital signature ensures that the signatory of a digital docu­
Software Provisioning Manager
Media
1.0 SP06 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP11)
ment can be identified unambiguously and signatory’s name is
documented together with the signed document, the date, and
the time.
For more information, see SAP Note 1979965
.
Installation of SAP
You can now install SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver
Software Provisioning Manager
systems on the
Application Server for ABAP 7.4 on the same host as the SAP
1.0 SP06 (SL Toolset 1.0 SP11)
same host as the
HANA database, without applying additional environment set­
SAP HANA data­
tings. For more information, see SAP Note 1953429
base
nario is not described in detail in this guide.
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. This sce­
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2
Installation Options Covered by this
Guide
This section shows the installation options covered by this installation guide. You have to decide what exactly
you want to install because the steps you have to perform vary according to the installation option you choose.
Note
Regardless of whether you are installing a standard, distributed, or high-availability system, the SAP HANA
database is normally installed on a dedicated database server. It is normally pre-installed by SAP partners
before you start the installation of the SAP system instances. During the installation of the SAP system,
SoftwareProvisioning Manager (the “installer”) accesses the SAP HANA database remotely to perform the
necessary database-specific installation steps.
However, if you are installing a standard system on Linux, you can install SAP systems based on SAP
NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.4 or higher on the same host as the SAP HANA database, without
applying additional environment settings. For more information, see SAP Note 1953429 .
For more information about how to install the SAP HANA database, see the SAP HANA Server Installation
and Update Guide at https://help.sap.com/hana_platform
Installation and Upgrade .
After you have decided on the installation option that you want to use, continue with Planning [page 34].
Related Information
Standard System [page 22]
Distributed System [page 24]
High-Availability System [page 25]
Additional Application Server Instance [page 26]
ASCS Instance with Integrated SAP Web Dispatcher [page 29]
ASCS Instance with Integrated Gateway [page 31]
SAP Host Agent as a Separate Installation [page 32]
2.1
Standard System
In a standard system, all main instances except the SAP HANA database instance run on a single host.
There are the following instances:
● ABAP Central services instance (ASCS instance)
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○ Optionally, you can install the ASCS instance with an integrated SAP Web Dispatcher. For more
information, see ASCS Instance with Integrated SAP Web Dispatcher [page 29].
○ Optionally, you can install the ASCS instance with an integrated gateway. For more information, see
ASCS Instance with Integrated Gateway [page 31].
● SAP HANA database instance (DB)
● Primary application server instance (PAS instance)
Standard ABAP System
Note
If you are installing a standard system on Linux, you can install SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver
Application Server for ABAP 7.4 or higher on the same host as the SAP HANA database, without applying
additional environment settings, as shown in the figure below. For more information, see SAP Note 1953429
. This scenario is not described in detail in this guide.
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Standard ABAP System
2.2
Distributed System
You can install a system distributed over several hosts.
An SAP system consists of SAP instances. An SAP instance is a group of processes that are started and
stopped at the same time.
In a distributed system, every instance can run on a separate host:
● ABAP Central services instance (ASCS instance)
○ Optionally, you can install the ASCS instance with an integrated SAP Web Dispatcher. For more
information, see ASCS Instance with Integrated SAP Web Dispatcher [page 29].
○ Optionally, you can install the ASCS instance with an integrated gateway. For more information, see
ASCS Instance with Integrated Gateway [page 31].
● SAP HANA database instance (DB)
The ABAP stack uses its own database schema in the database.
● Primary application server instance (PAS)
The graphics below assume that you use the global directories of the ASCS instance as global file system. That
means that the host with the ASCS instance is the SAP global host. However, you can also separately install the
global directories on any host of your SAP system landscape.
You can also use the SAP transport host or the host with the global file system (SAP global host) as your
primary application server instance host.
Optionally, you can install one or more additional application server instances. For more information, see
Installation of an Additional Application Server Instance [page 26].
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Distributed ABAP System
2.3
High-Availability System
Note
SAP HANA can also have HA solutions. For more information contact your hardware partner and see the
SAP HANA overview in the SAP HANA Data Center, which is available at http://www.saphana.com/docs/
DOC-2010 .
An SAP system consists of SAP instances. An SAP instance is a group of processes that are started and
stopped at the same time.
In a high-availability system, every instance can run on a separate host.
There are the following instances:
● ABAP Central services instance (ASCS instance)
○ Optionally you can install the ASCS instance with an integrated SAP Web Dispatcher. For more
information, see ASCS Instance with Integrated SAP Web Dispatcher [page 29].
○ Optionally you can install the ASCS instance with an integrated gateway. For more information, see
ASCS Instance with Integrated Gateway [page 31].
● Enqueue replication server instance (ERS instance) for the ASCS instance (mandatory)
● SAP HANA database instance (DB)
● Primary application server instance (PAS)
The graphics below assume that you run the ASCS instance on the switchover cluster infrastructure. However,
you can also run other SAP system instances that are a single point of failure (SPOF) on a switchover cluster
infrastructure, for example the database instance.
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You can also use the SAP transport host or the host with the global file system (SAP global host) as your
primary application server instance host.
We recommend that you run the ASCS instance in a switchover cluster infrastructure. The ASCS instance must
have its own ERS instance.
To increase high availability by creating redundancy, we recommend that you install additional application
server instances on hosts different from the primary application server instance host. For more information,
see Installation of an Additional Application Server Instance [page 26].
The following figures show examples for the distribution of the SAP instances in a high-availability system.
High-Availability System
2.4
Additional Application Server Instance
You can install one or more additional application server instances for an existing SAP system. Additional
application server instances are optional and can be installed on separate hosts.
An additional application server instance can run on:
● The host of any instance of the existing SAP system (exceptions see below)
● On a dedicated host
Note
If you want to install additional application server instances running on an operating system other than the
primary application server instance, see Heterogeneous SAP System Installation [page 176]. For example,
you need to do this if your primary application server instance runs on Linux for z System but the additional
application server instance is to run on Windows.
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Additional Application Server Instance for a Standard System
For example, the following figure shows a standard system with additional application server instances that
run:
● On the main host of the SAP system, that is, on the host where the primary application server instance
runs
● On dedicated hosts
Additional Application Server for a Standard System
For more information, see Standard System [page 22].
Additional Application Server Instance for a Distributed System
The following figure shows a distributed system with additional application server instances that run:
● On the main host of the SAP system, that is, on the host on which the primary application server instance
runs
● On dedicated hosts
We do not recommend installing additional application server instances on the SAP global host.
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Additional Application Server Instance for a Distributed System
For more information, see Distributed System [page 24].
Additional Application Server Instance for a High-Availability System
The following figure shows a high-availability system with additional application server instances that run:
● On the host of the primary application server instance
● On dedicated hosts
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For more information, see High-Availability System [page 25].
2.5
ASCS Instance with Integrated SAP Web Dispatcher
You can install an SAP Web Dispatcher integrated in the ASCS instance.
If you select this option, an SAP Web Dispatcher is installed running within the ASCS instance. No separate
SAP Web Dispatcher instance and no dedicated <SAPSID> are created for the SAP Web Dispatcher. We
recommend this if you want to use the SAP Web Dispatcher for the system to which the ASCS instance
belongs.
Note
We only recommend this option for special scenarios. For more information, see SAP Note 908097 . For
an SAP Web Dispatcher installation, a standalone installation (see below) continues to be the default
scenario.
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ASCS Instance with Integrated SAP Web Dispatcher
The SAP Web Dispatcher is located between the Web client (browser) and your SAP system that is running the
Web application.
It acts as single point of entry for incoming requests (HTTP, HTTPS), defined by the IP address, port, and URL,
and forwards them in turn to the application server (AS) of the SAP system.
The SAP Web Dispatcher receives information about the SAP system that it needs for load distribution (load
balancing) from the message server and application server via HTTP.
Installation of “Standalone” SAP Web Dispatcher with its own <SAPSID> and
Instance
If you want to install an SAP Web Dispatcher for another system - that is not for the system for which you use
the ASCS instance and with its own SAP system ID and instance number - you have to install SAP Web
Dispatcher separately as described in the documentation which you can find under http://support.sap.com/
sltoolset
System Provisioning
Installation Option of Software Provisioning Manager
Guide for SAP
Web Dispatcher for SAP NetWeaver 7.0 or Higher .
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More Information
For more information about the architecture and the functions of SAP Web Dispatcher, see the SAP Web
Dispatcher documentation in the SAP LibrarySAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quicklink
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
http://help.sap.com/nw73
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package
1
SAP Library Path (Continued)
Application Help
Function-Oriented View
Server Infrastructure
Application Server
Application
Components of SAP NetWeaver
SAP Web Dispatcher
http://help.sap.com/nw731
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
http://help.sap.com/nw74
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
●
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
●
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
Related Information
Parameters for Additional Components to be Included in the ASCS Instance (Optional) [page 66]
2.6
ASCS Instance with Integrated Gateway
You can install a gateway integrated in the ASCS instance.
If you select this option, a gateway is installed within the ASCS instance.
Note
No separate standalone gateway instance and no dedicated <SAPSID> are created for the gateway.
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Gateway Integrated in the ASCS Instance
The gateway enables communication between work processes and external programs, as well as
communication between work processes from different instances or SAP systems.
You can also install a standalone gateway instance. For more information, see the documentation Installation
Guide – Installation of a Standalone Gateway Instance for SAP Systems Based on SAP NetWeaver <Release> at
http://support.sap.com/sltoolset
System Provisioning
Installation Option .
Related Information
Parameters for Additional Components to be Included in the ASCS Instance (Optional) [page 66]
2.7
SAP Host Agent as a Separate Installation
Under certain circumstances you need to install SAP Host Agent separately.
SAP Host Agent is an agent that can accomplish several life-cycle management tasks, such as operating
system monitoring, database monitoring, system instance control and provisioning. When you install a new
SAP system or instance, the SAP Host Agent is in most cases installed automatically on the SAP system or
instance host.
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It is only required to install the SAP Host Agent separately if one of the following is true:
● There is no SAP system or instance on the host.
● The SAP system or instance running on the host has a kernel release lower than SAP kernel 7.20 and the
host does not yet have an SAP Host Agent. During the installation of new SAP instances with SAP kernel
7.20 or higher, the SAP Host Agent is installed automatically (integrated installation).
● You have upgraded your SAP system to a release with a kernel release lower than SAP kernel 7.20 and the
host of the upgraded system or instance does not yet have an SAP Host Agent.
The section Installing the SAP Host Agent Separately [page 177] describes how to perform the installation.
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3
Planning
3.1
Planning Checklist
This section includes the planning steps that you have to complete for the following installation options.
● Standard, distributed, or high-availability system
● Additional application server instance
Detailed information about the steps are available in the linked sections.
Prerequisites
1. You have planned your SAP system landscape according to the Master Guide available at the appropriate
download location as described in Before You Start [page 11] .
2. You have decided on your installation option (see Installation Options Covered by this Guide [page 22]).
Standard, Distributed, or High-Availability System
Note
In a standard system [page 22], all mandatory instances except the database instance are normally installed
on one host. Therefore, if you are installing a standard system, you can ignore references to other hosts.
The SAP HANA database is normally pre-installed by SAP partners before you start the installation. For
more information about how to install the SAP HANA database, see the SAP HANA Server Installation and
Update Guide at https://help.sap.com/hana_platform
Installation and Upgrade . The database
instance is remotely installed by SoftwareProvisioning Manager (the “installer”) from the primary
application server host.
However, if you are installing a standard system [page 22] on Linux, you can install SAP systems based on
SAP NetWeaver 7.4 or higher on the same host as the SAP HANA database, without applying additional
environment settings. For more information, see SAP Note 1953429 .
1. Make yourself familiar with the changed file system structure and profiles for SAP systems based on SAP
NetWeaver 7.1 and higher compared to SAP systems based on lower SAP NetWeaver releases. For more
information, see Changed File System Structure and Profiles for SAP Systems Based on SAP NetWeaver
7.1 and Higher [page 35].
2. If you want to install an SAP ABAP system along with the required Support Package stack and ABAP AddOns in one implementation run, you need to plan the desired installation target using the maintenance
planner at https://apps.support.sap.com/sap/support/mp .
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In the maintenance planner, a stack XML file with the desired Support Package stack and Add-On
information is generated, which you then hand over to Software Provisioning Manager (the “installer” for
short) by calling it with command line parameter
SAPINST_STACK_XML=<Absolute_Path_To_Stack_XML_File>. Included constraints and defaults
defined in the stack XML file are then used for the initial installation by Software Provisioning Manager and
for the application of Support Package stacks and Add-Ons by the Software Update Manager (SUM).
For more information, see Installation Using a Stack Configuration File (Optional) [page 36].
Recommendation
We recommend that you perform the installation using a stack configuration file for all new products
such as SAP S/4HANASAP on Premise.
3. You check the hardware and software requirements [page 38] on every installation host.
4. You plan how to set up user and access management [page 50].
5. You identify Basic SAP System Installation Parameters [page 51].
6. You decide on the transport host to use [page 67].
7. You decide whether you want to integrate LDAP Directory Services in your SAP system [page 163].
8. To install a high-availability system, you read Planning the Switchover Cluster for High Availability [page
68].
9. Optionally, you decide whether you want to install multiple components in one database (MCOD) [page
168].
10. Continue with Preparation [page 71].
Additional Application Server Instance
1. You check the hardware and software requirements [page 38] for every installation host on which you
want to install one or more additional application server instances.
2. You identify Basic SAP System Installation Parameters [page 51].
3. Continue with Preparation [page 71].
3.2
Changed File System Structure and Profiles for SAP
Systems Based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 and Higher
File system structure
● For SAP system releases based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 and higher, the directory structure was changed
compared to SAP NetWeaver 7.0, in order to support heterogeneous system installations and updates
more efficiently.
For more information about how to configure upgraded SAP systems for the new directory structure, see
SAP Note 1104735 .
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Caution
The directory structure of systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 or higher is not supported on systems
based on SAP NetWeaver 7.0 including Enhancement Packages.
● For a manual switch, see the details about targeted file system structure in this documentation and adjust
your file system accordingly to avoid later issues for system transformation such as system copy and
system rename.
Profiles
● As of SAP NetWeaver 7.3, the start profile as separate file has been removed. In earlier versions of SAP
NetWeaver there was one default profile per SAP system, one start profile per Instance and one Instance
profile per instance. Now the start profile contents are merged with the instance profile. With the help of
the new instance profile, SAP processes are started and at the same time instance-specific parameters are
read. This reduces the total number of profile files to one default profile per SAP System, and one instance
profile per instance.
For more information, see the SCN blog What's new in SAP NetWeaver 7.3 - A Basis perspective at: https://
blogs.sap.com/2012/05/22/whats-new-in-sap-netweaver-73-a-basis-perspective/ .
Caution
The merged profiles are not supported for SAP NetWeaver 7.0 including Enhancement Packages
because this could lead to issues for SAP system copy. If you are not sure which SAP NetWeaver
product version you have, see SAP Note 1877731
for more information.
● Concatenate instance profile and start profile entries and remove the start profile from the profile
directory. For more information, see SAP Note 1898687 .
● Adjust the /usr/sap/sapservices profile file by replacing the start profile with the instance profiles for
starting the sapstartsrv process, and then restart the SAP start service.
● Additional application server instances: Double-check the values with the profile values from the primary
application server - for example for parameters DIR_CT_RUN , DIR_EXECUTABLE, DIR_SAPJVM - to avoid
startup issues.
3.3
Installation Using a Stack Configuration File
The option to perform an installation using a stack configuration file (also called “up-to-date installation”)
improves the process of provisioning an up-to-date SAP system by creating a unified consumption experience
and a direct close collaboration between the involved tools, namely:
● Maintenance Planner, accessible at https://apps.support.sap.com/sap/support/mp
● LMDB in SAP Solution Manager
● Software Provisioning Manager (the “installer” for short)
● Software Update Manager (“SUM”)
The installer then can take over more default settings that are already predefined in the Maintenance Planner.
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Recommendation
We recommend to perform the installation using a stack configuration file for new products, such as SAP S/
4HANA or SAP Solution Manager 7.2.
Prerequisites
● To be able to use the Maintenance Planner at https://apps.support.sap.com/sap/support/mp , your SAP
Solution Manager system must have at least one of the following release and Support Package (SP) level:
○ SAP Solution Manager 7.2
○ SAP Solution Manager 7.1 SP06 or higher
○ SAP Solution Manager 7.0 SP 23 and you must have applied the following SAP Notes: 1646604
1783371 , 1743695
● You must have implemented SAP Note 1940845
,
in your SAP Solution Manager system.
● For additional information about involved tools and supported SAP system releases, see SAP Note 2277574
for additional information about involved tools and supported SAP system releases.
Features
An installation using a stack configuration file provides the following features:
● You can use a stack configuration file generated by the Maintenance Planner at https://
apps.support.sap.com/sap/support/mp . The parameters contained in the stack configuration file can
then be processed by the installer to get better integrated with SUM and to simplify the process of
installation for a new system on a target software level. This makes IT administration easier by reducing the
efforts in Total Cost of Ownership (TCO). For more information, see the Best Practice Guide to Planning
Landscape Changes at https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/SL/Landscape+Management+-+the
+Process .
● When processing a stack configuration file, the installer can take over more default settings that are
already predefined in the Maintenance Planner and offers more possibilities for automation as compared
to when running without it. For more information about the benefits by comparing the existing process with
the new improved process, see Up-To-Date Installation at https://blogs.sap.com/2016/10/21/up-to-dateinstallation-2/ .
Integration
For the additional input parameters that you need to specify, see Additional Parameters When Using a Stack
Configuration File (Optional). You can find the link to this section in Related Information below.
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In addition, each section in this guide describing steps that are completely or at least partially automatized
when using a stack configuration files is marked with an appropriate note at the beginning. These are the
following sections as listed in the adjacent section Related Information:
Related Information
Additional Parameters When Using a Stack Configuration File (Optional) [page 64]
Preparing the Installation Media [page 91]
Running the Installer [page 114]
Configuring the Change and Transport System [page 139]
Applying the Latest Kernel and Support Package Stacks [page 142]
Installing Additional Languages and Performing Language Transport [page 147]
3.4
Hardware and Software Requirements
Ensure that your hosts meet the hardware and software requirements for your operating system and the SAP
instances. Otherwise you might experience problems when working with the SAP system.
Prerequisites
● Make sure that the host name meets the requirements listed in SAP Note 611361
.
● Contact your OS vendor for the latest OS patches.
● Check your keyboard definitions.
● If you want to install a printer on a host other than the primary application server instance host (for
example, on a separate database instance host), check whether the printer can be accessed under UNIX.
Procedure
1. Check the Product Availability Matrix at http://support.sap.com/pam
releases.
for supported operating system
2. Check the hardware and software requirements using:
○ The Prerequisite Checker:
○ Standalone (optional) before the installation process
For more information, see Running the Prerequisites Check Standalone [page 39].
○ Integrated in the installation tool (mandatory) as part of the installation process
For more information, see Running the Installer [page 114].
○ The hardware and software requirements tables in Requirements for the SAP System Hosts [page
40].
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3. If you want to install a production system, the values provided by the Prerequisite Checker and the
hardware and software requirements checklists are not sufficient. In addition, do the following:
○ You use the Quick Sizer tool available at http://sap.com/sizing
.
○ You contact your hardware vendor, who can analyze the load and calculate suitable hardware sizing
depending on:
○ The set of applications to be deployed
○ How intensively the applications are to be used
○ The number of users
3.4.1 Running the Prerequisites Check in Standalone Mode
(Optional)
This section describes how to run the prerequisites check in standalone mode. Running the prerequisites
check in standalone mode is optional.
Context
When you install an SAP system, the installer automatically starts the prerequisites check and checks the
hardware and software requirements in the background. As an optional step during planning, you can also run
the prerequisites check in standalone mode to check the hardware and software requirements for your
operating system and the SAP instances before the actual installation.
Recommendation
We recommend that you use both the prerequisites check and the requirements tables for reference.
Procedure
1. Download and unpack the Software Provisioning Manager archive to a local directory as described in
Downloading and Extracting the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 Archive [page 93] .
2. Make either the separate SAPEXE<Version>.SAR archive or the complete kernel medium available as
described in Preparing the Installation Media [page 91] .
3. Start the installer as described in Running the Installer [page 114].
4. On the Welcome screen, choose
<SAP_Product>
<Database>
Preparations
Prerequisites
Check .
5. Follow the instructions in the installer dialogs and enter the required parameters.
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Note
To find more information on each parameter during the Define Parameters phase, position the cursor on
the required parameter input field , and choose either F1 or the HELP tab. Then the available help text
is displayed in the HELP tab.
After you have finished, the Parameter Summary screen appears. This screen summarizes all parameters
that you have entered and that you want to have checked. If you want to make a change, select the relevant
parameters and choose Revise.
6. To start the prerequisites check, choose Next.
Results
The Prerequisite Checker Results screen displays the results found. If required, you can also check the results in
file prerequisite_checker_results.html, which you can find in the installation directory.
Related Information
Downloading and Extracting the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 Archive [page 93]
Preparing the Installation Media [page 91]
3.4.2 Requirements for the SAP System Hosts
Every installation host must meet at least the requirements listed in the following tables. Most of the
requirements are valid for every installation host whereas some requirements are instance-specific and are
marked accordingly.
Note
The information here and in the following sections is not intended to replace the operating system
documentation. For more information, see your operating system documentation.
Related Information
General Installation Information for Your Operating System [page 41]
Hardware Requirements [page 41]
Software Requirements [page 46]
Other Requirements [page 49]
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3.4.2.1
General Installation Information for Your Operating
System
Before checking the hardware and software requirements, we recommend that you make yourself familiar with
some general information about installation of SAP systems on your operating system platform.
General Installation Information for Your Operating System
Operating System
Information
AIX
Before you start the installation, make sure that you have read SAP Note 1972803
.
In addition, we also recommend that you check the information available in the SAP on AIX space on
the SAP Community Network at https://www.sap.com/community/topic/aix.html
HP-UX
Before you start the installation, make sure that you have read SAP Note 1075118
.
.
In addition, we also recommend that you check the information available in the SAP on HP-UX Best
Practices space on the SAP Community Network at https://www.sap.com/community/topic/hpux.html
Linux
.
Before you start the installation, make sure that you have read the SAP Notes for your Linux distribu­
tion listed in the central SAP Note 2369910
.
In addition, we also recommend that you check the information available in the SAP on Linux space
on the SAP Community Network at https://www.sap.com/community/topic/linux.html
Solaris
Before you start the installation, make sure that you have read SAP Note 1669684
.
.
In addition, we also recommend that you check the information available in the SAP on Oracle Solaris
space on the SAP Community Network at https://www.sap.com/community/topic/oracle-so­
laris.html
3.4.2.2
Hardware Requirements
Every installation host must meet at least the hardware requirements listed in the following tables. Most of the
requirements are valid for every installation host whereas some requirements are instance-specific and are
marked accordingly.
Hardware Requirements
Requirement
Values and Activities
Hardware requirements
Your hardware must be 64-bit capable.
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Requirement
Values and Activities
Processing units
For application server instances and database instances: The number of physical or virtual
processing units usable by the operating system image must be equal to or greater than 2.
For an ASCS instance running on a separate host: One physical or virtual processing unit
usable by the operating system image might be sufficient.
Examples of processing units are processor cores or hardware threads (multithreading).
In a virtualized environment, ensure that adequate processor resources are available to sup­
port the workloads of the running SAP systems.
Optical media drive
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Requirement
Hard disk space
Values and Activities
●
General Requirements:
○
2 GB of temporary disk space for each required physical installation media - or al­
ternatively the downloaded SAP kernel archives - that you have to copy to a local
hard disk. For more information, see Preparing the Installation Media [page 91].
○
If you prefer downloading the separate SAP kernel archives instead of using the
complete SAP kernel media, you require 2 GB of temporary disk space for the SAP
kernel archives that you have to copy to a local hard disk. For more information, see
Downloading SAP Kernel Archives (Archive-Based Installation) [page 97] .
○
2 GB of temporary disk space for the installation.
○
If an advanced disk array is available (for example, RAID), contact your hardware
vendor to make sure that the data security requirements are covered by this tech­
nology.
●
Instance-Specific Requirements:
If you install several instances on one host, you have to add up the requirements ac­
cordingly.
Note
If you are installing a standard system on Linux, you can install SAP systems based
on SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.4 or higher on the same host as the
SAP HANA database. In this case, you must make sure that you include the disk
space requirements for the SAP HANA database instance. For more information, see
SAP Note 1953429
.
For more information about space requirements for the file systems and directories of
the instances, see SAP Directories [page 79] and the appropriate database-specific in­
formation listed below.
○
ABAP central services instance (ASCS):
Minimum 2 GB
○
If you install the ASCS instance with an integrated SAP Web Dispatcher, for the
installation as such you require at least 1 GB of hard disk space in addition. For
production use of the SAP Web Dispatcher, you need to reserve at least 5 GB.
○
If you install the ASCS instance with an integrated SAP Gateway, you require at
least 1 GB of hard disk space in addition.
○
Enqueue replication server instance for the ASCS (if required):
Minimum 2 GB
○
Primary application server instance:
Minimum 2 GB (SAP NetWeaver BW server: Minimum 30 GB)
Plus 1 GB for the SAP HANA database client software
○
Additional application server instance:
Minimum 2 GB (SAP NetWeaver BW server: Minimum 30 GB)
Plus 1 GB for the SAP HANA database client software
○
SAP Host Agent:
Minimum 0.5 GB
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Requirement
Values and Activities
RAM
Only valid for 'Platform': AIX
Note
AIX: Keep in mind that the operating system itself requires about 10% of the available
RAM.
End of 'Platform': AIX
The following lists the RAM requirements for each SAP instance.
If you install several instances on one host, you have to add up the requirements accord­
ingly.
Note
If you are installing a standard system on Linux, you can install SAP systems based on
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.4 or higher on the same host as the SAP
HANA database. In this case, you must make sure that you include the RAM requirements
for the SAP HANA database instance. For more information, see SAP Note 1953429
●
.
ABAP central services instance (ASCS instance)
Minimum 1 GB
If you install the ASCS instance with an integrated SAP Web Dispatcher, see SAP Note
2007212
●
for memory consumption in productive use.
Enqueue replication server instance for the ASCS instance (if required)
Minimum 1 GB
●
Primary application server instance:
Minimum 3 GB (BW server: Minimum 2 GB)
●
Additional application server instance:
Minimum 3 GB
●
SAP Host Agent:
Minimum 1 GB
Only valid for 'Platform': HP-UX
HP-UX: Refer to SAP Note 1112627
for the commands to display the RAM size on HP-UX.
End of 'Platform': HP-UX
Only valid for 'Platform': Linux
Linux: Refer to SAP Note 1382721
for the commands to display the RAM size on Linux.
End of 'Platform': Linux
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Requirement
AIX: Paging space
Values and Activities
You need hard disk drives with sufficient paging space. You can calculate the required paging
space as follows:
●
Optimistic strategy:
You need at least 20 GB for the primary application server instance and at least an­
other 10 GB for every additional application server instance.
●
Defensive strategy:
3 * RAM, at least 20 GB
In addition, for the database instance you need:
●
0.75 * RAM, if RAM is greater than 8 GB
●
1 * RAM, if RAM is less than 8 GB
For the latest information about recommended paging space, see SAP Note 1121904
HP-UX: Swap space
.
You need hard disk drives with sufficient space for swap. You can calculate the required swap
space as follows:
2 * RAM, at least 20 GB
SAP NetWeaver Process Integration 7.5 or higher: 2 * RAM or 80 GB, whichever is higher
For more information about HP-UX swap space recommendations and about how to set up
swap space, see SAP Note 1112627
Linux: Swap space
.
You need hard disk drives with sufficient space for swap. We recommend that you use the
amount of swap space as described in SAP Note 1597355
. You might decide to use more
or less swap space based on your individual system configuration and your own experience
during daily usage of the SAP system.
Oracle Solaris: Swap space
You need hard disk drives with sufficient space for swap.
At least 20 GB are required. For more information, see SAP Note 570375
Verifying paging space size
and kernel settings using
memlimits
.
To verify paging space size and kernel settings, you can execute memlimits as follows:
1.
Make sure that the SAPCAR program is available on the installation host. If SAPCAR is not
available, you can download it from https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/software­
center
.
2. Make the SAPEXE.SAR archive available on the installation host. Either download it as
described in Downloading SAP Kernel Archives (Archive-Based Installation) [page 97]
or take it from the kernel media, where this archive is contained in the folder
K_<Kernel_Version>_<U/N>_<OS>/DBINDEP.
3. To unpack the file memlimits, enter the following command:
SAPCAR -xvfg SAPEXE.SAR memlimits
4. Start memlimits using the following command:
./memlimits -l 20000
In case of error messages, increase the paging space and rerun memlimits until there
are no more errors.
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3.4.2.3
Software Requirements
Every installation host must meet at least the software requirements listed in the following tables. Most of the
requirements are valid for every installation host whereas some requirements are instance-specific and are
marked accordingly.
Software Requirements
Requirement
Values and Activities
AIX: Operating system version
Your operating system platform must be 64-bit.
Check the Product Availability Matrix (PAM) at http://support.sap.com/pam
for
supported operating system versions.
Contact your OS vendor for the latest OS patches.
Minimal OS requirements for the specific SAP Kernel releases are listed in SAP Note
1780629
.
You require at least AIX 6.1 TL7 SP10 to be able to run the installer.
HP-UX: Operating system version
Your operating system platform must be 64-bit.
Check the Product Availability Matrix (PAM) at http://support.sap.com/pam
for
supported operating system versions.
To check the operating system version on your installation hosts, use the following
command:
uname -r
See SAP Note 939891
Linux: Operating system version
for information about support time frames of HP-UX.
Your operating system platform must be 64-bit.
Check the Product Availability Matrix (PAM) at http://support.sap.com/pam
for
supported operating system versions.
Contact your OS vendor for the latest OS patches.
To check the operating system version on your installation hosts, use the following
command:
cat /etc/*-release
Oracle Solaris: Operating system
version
Your operating system platform must be 64-bit.
Check the Product Availability Matrix (PAM) at http://support.sap.com/pam
for
supported operating system versions.
To check the operating system version on your installation hosts, use the following
command:
/bin/uname -r
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Requirement
SAP Kernel Releases and Versions
Values and Activities
For more information about release and roadmap information for the kernel versions
and how this relates to SAP NetWeaver support packages, including important notes
on downward compatibility and release dates, see the document Understanding Ker­
nel Releases for the SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP at https://archive.sap.com/docu­
ments/docs/DOC-54170
.
To use regular Software Provisioning Manager (SWPM10<Version>.SAR) with SAP
kernel 7.49 or higher on RHEL 6 or SLES 11 or Oracle Linux 6, you must install the
required libstdc++ RPM packages. For more information, see SAP Note 2195019
.
AIX: Kernel parameters
HP-UX: Kernel parameters
To adjust AIX Virtual Memory Management settings, see SAP Note 973227
.
To run an SAP system, make sure that you check and, if necessary, modify the HPUX kernel.
Caution
We recommend that a UNIX system administrator performs all kernel modifications.
Proceed as follows:
1.
Check SAP Note 172747
for recommendations on current HP-UX kernel pa­
rameters.
Caution
If a kernel value is already larger than the one suggested in the SAP Note, do
not automatically reduce it to match the SAP requirement.
You have to analyze the exact meaning of such a parameter and, if required,
to reduce the parameter value. In some cases this might improve the per­
formance of your SAP applications.
2. If necessary, modify the kernel parameters in one of the following ways:
○
Manually, as described in SAP Note 172747
○
Interactively, using the HP-UX System Administrator Manager (SAM) or
.
System Management Homepage (SMH).
Linux: Kernel parameters
Check SAP Note 2369910
for Linux kernel versions certified by SAP.
To check the Linux kernel parameters for your Linux distribution, see one of the fol­
lowing SAP Notes:
●
RHEL6: SAP Note 1496410
●
RHEL7: SAP Note 2002167
●
SLES 11: SAP Note 1310037
●
SLES 12: SAP Note 1984787
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Requirement
Values and Activities
Oracle Solaris: Kernel parameters
To run an SAP system, you must check and, if necessary, modify the Oracle Solaris
kernel parameters or resource controls.
●
Oracle Solaris 10: SAP Note 724713
●
Oracle Solaris 11: SAP Note 1797712
HP-UX: OS patches
To check the minimum required OS patches, see SAP Note 837670
Oracle Solaris: OS patches
Check the relevant SAP Note for required Oracle Solaris patches:
●
Sun Solaris 10 on SPARC: SAP Note 832871
●
Oracle Solaris 11: SAP Note 1797712
.
AIX: National Language Support
Make sure that National Language Support (NLS) and corresponding locales are
(NLS)
installed.
HP-UX: National Language Support
Make sure that National Language Support (NLS) and corresponding locales are
(NLS)
installed.
You can check this as follows:
●
Enter the following commands to check whether National Language Support
(NLS) is installed:
swlist -v | grep -i nls
The output should contain the string NLS-AUX ...
●
Enter the following commands to check which locales are available:
locale -a
The following files must be available: de_DE.iso88591, en_US.iso88591.
Linux: National Language Support
Make sure that National Language Support (NLS) and corresponding locales are
(NLS)
installed.
You can check this as follows:
●
Ensure that the required locales such as the following are available:
de_DE, en_US
●
Check SAP Note 187864
for information about corrected operating system
locales and SAP blended Code Pages.
Oracle Solaris: National Language
Make sure that National Language Support (NLS) and corresponding locales are
Support (NLS)
installed.
Enter the following command to check which locales are available:
locale -a
The following locale must be available: en_US.ISO8859-1
System language
For the installation, you must choose English as the operating system language on
all hosts that run SAP software.
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Requirement
Values and Activities
SAP Kernel 7.40 and Higher:
Make sure that you have applied the operating system patches required for IP Multi­
cast Configuration. For more information, see SAP Note 1931675
IP Multicast Configuration
3.4.2.4
.
Other Requirements
Every installation host must meet at least the requirements listed in the following tables. Most of the
requirements are valid for every installation host whereas some requirements are instance-specific and are
marked accordingly.
Other Requirements
Requirement
Values and Activities
Minimum Web Browser
Make sure that you have at least one of the following web browsers installed on the host
where you run the installer GUI:
●
Microsoft Internet Explorer 11 or higher
●
Microsoft Edge
●
Mozilla Firefox
●
Google Chrome
Always use the latest version of these web browsers.
You need a web browser to be able to run the SL Common GUI, and to display the Evalua­
tion Form and send it to SAP.
AIX: Additional software
Host name
Make sure that the following additional file sets are installed:
●
bos.adt – Base Application Development
●
bos.perf – performance and diagnostics tools
●
perfagent.tools – performance monitoring tools
●
bos.perf.libperfstat – Performance Statistics Library
To find out physical host names, open a command prompt and enter hostname.
For more information about the allowed host name length and characters allowed for
SAP system instance hosts, see SAP Note 611361
.
Only valid for 'Platform': HP-UX
For HP-UX, see SAP Note 1503149
in addition.
End of 'Platform': HP-UX
If you want to use virtual host names, see SAP Note 962955
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Requirement
Login shell
Values and Activities
The installer only prompts you for this parameter if you use a login shell other than the
recommended C shell (csh).
For more information, see SAP Note 202227
.
Only valid for 'Platform': HP-UX
For HP-UX, see SAP Note 1038842
in addition.
End of 'Platform': HP-UX
SAP Host Agent installation:
●
Make sure that /bin/false can be used as a login shell.
●
Only valid for 'Platform': AIX
AIX only: Add /bin/false to the list of valid login shells (attribute shells)
in /etc/security/login.cfg.
End of 'Platform': AIX
HP-UX: Mount and file system
For recommendations about block size and mount option configuration, see SAP Note
configuration
1077887
Shared file systems for decen­
If application servers are installed decentralized, a “shared” file system must be instal­
tralized systems
led, for example Network File System (NFS).
AIX: C++ Runtime environment
Minimal C++ runtime requirements for the specific SAP Kernel releases are listed in SAP
.
Note 1780629
Linux: C compiler
3.5
.
Make sure that the C compiler gcc is installed.
Planning User and Access Management
You have to plan how to configure user and access management for the SAP system to be installed.
Before you add a newly installed SAP system to your system landscape, you must decide which kind of user
management you want to use:
● Central User Administration (CUA)
● An LDAP directory as the data source for user data
Procedure
To specify the initial data source of the User Management Engine (UME), proceed as described in Specifying
the Initial Data Source of the User Management Engine [page 110].
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More Information
For more information about configuring the user management of your SAP system to be installed, see the SAP
Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quicklink
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
http://help.sap.com/nw73
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package
1
●
SAP Library Path (Continued)
Application Help
Oriented View
SAP NetWeaver Library: Function-
Security
Identity Management
User and
Role Administration of Application Server ABAP
http://help.sap.com/nw731
Configuration of User and Role Administration
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
Services
Directory
LDAP Connector
http://help.sap.com/nw74
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
●
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
●
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
3.6
Basic Installation Parameters
The installer prompts for input parameters during the Define Parameters phase of the installation.
You can install your SAP system either in Typical or Custom mode:
● Typical
If you choose Typical, the installation is performed with default settings. This means that the installer
prompts you only for a small selection of installation parameters. These parameters include at least the
following:
○ SAP system ID and database connectivity parameters
○ Master password
○ SAP system profile directory – only for systems with instances on separate hosts
○ SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.40 and higher: Individual encryption key for the secure
storage
For more information about the installation parameters, see the corresponding tables below in this
document. If you want to change any of the default settings, you can do so on the Parameter Summary
screen.
● Custom
If you choose Custom, you are prompted for all parameters. At the end, you can still change any of these
parameters on the Parameter Summary screen.
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Note
You cannot change from Custom to Typical mode or from Typical to Custom mode on the Parameter
Summary screen.
Note
● If you want to install an ASCS instance with an integrated SAP Web Dispatcher [page 29], you must
choose Custom. Otherwise, you are not prompted for the SAP Web Dispatcher installation parameters
[page 66] during the Define Parameters phase of the ASCS instance installation.
● If you want to install an ASCS instance with an integrated Gateway [page 31], you must choose Custom.
Otherwise, you are not prompted for the SAP Gateway installation during the Define Parameters phase
of the ASCS instance installation.
The tables in the sections below list the basic SAP system installation parameters that you need to specify
before installing your SAP system. For all other installation parameters, use the tool help on the installer
screens.
Related Information
SAP System Parameters [page 53]
SAP System Database Parameters [page 62]
Additional Parameters when Installing SAP Process Integration 7.5 or SAP Solution Manager 7.2 [page 63]
Additional Parameters When Using a Stack Configuration File (Optional) [page 64]
Parameters for Additional Components to be Included in the ASCS Instance (Optional) [page 66]
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3.6.1 SAP System Parameters
The tables in this section lists the basic SAP system installation parameters that you need to specify before
installing your SAP system. For all other installation parameters, use the tool help on the installer screens.
General Parameters
Parameter
Description
Unicode System
Every new installation of an SAP system is Unicode.
SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 to 7.4:
You can only deselect this option if you perform the target system installation in the context of a system
copy for a non-Unicode SAP system that has been upgraded to the current release.
SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5 or higher are Unicode only.
If you install an additional application server instance in an existing non-Unicode system (that has been
upgraded to the current release), the additional application server instance is installed automatically as
a non-Unicode instance. The installer checks whether a non-Unicode system exists and chooses the
right executables for the system type.
SAP System ID
<SAPSID>
The SAP system ID <SAPSID> identifies the entire SAP system.
The installer prompts you for the <SAPSID> when you execute the first installation option to install a
new SAP system.
If there are further installation options to be executed, the installer prompts you for the profile direc­
tory. For more information, see the description of the parameter SAP System Profile Directory.
Example
This prompt appears when you install the ASCS instance, which is the first instance to be installed in
a distributed system.
Caution
Choose your SAP system ID carefully since renaming requires considerable effort.
Make sure that your SAP system ID:
●
Is unique throughout your organization. Do not use an existing <SAPSID> when installing a new
SAP system.
●
Consists of exactly three alphanumeric characters
●
Contains only uppercase letters
●
Has a letter for the first character
●
Does not include any of the reserved IDs listed in SAP Note 1979280
●
If you want to install an additional application server instance, make sure that no Gateway instance
.
with the same SAP System ID (SAPSID) exists in your SAP system landscape.
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Parameter
Description
SAP System In­
Technical identifier for internal processes. It consists of a two-digit number from 00 to 97.
stance Numbers
The instance number must be unique on a host. That is, if more than one SAP instance is running on the
same host, these instances must be assigned different numbers.
If you do not enter a specific value, the instance number is set automatically to the next free and valid
instance number that has not yet been assigned to the SAP system to be installed or to SAP systems
that already exist on the installation host.
To find out instance numbers of SAP systems that already exist on the installation host, look for subdir­
ectories ending with <Instance_Number> of local (not mounted) /usr/sap/<SAPSID> directories.
For more information about the naming of SAP system instances, see SAP Directories [page 79].
Only valid for 'Platform': AIX
Caution
AIX only: If you are using NIM Service Handler (NIMSH), do not use 01 or 02 for the instance num­
ber. The installer uses the instance number for the internal message server port
39<Instance_Number>. The NIM client daemon uses reserved ports 3901 and 3902.
End of 'Platform': AIX
Only valid for 'Platform': HP-UX
Caution
HP-UX only: Do not use:
●
75 for the instance number because this number is already used by the operating system. For
more information, see SAP Note 29972
●
.
02 as the instance number because this number is used to determine the port number for re­
port RSLGCOLL, which is 14<Instance_Number> by default. However, port 1402 is already
used by the OS process rstlisten. If you still decide to use 02 as the instance number, the
instance fails to start during the installation process. You then have to manually change the port
number for report RSLGCOLL to continue with the installation. For more information, see Run­
ning the Installer [page 114].
End of 'Platform': HP-UX
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Parameter
Description
Virtual Host
Virtual host name (network name) of the SAP<SAPSID> cluster group
Name
You can assign a virtual host name to an SAP instance in one of the following ways:
●
You can provide a virtual host name in the <Instance_Name> Virtual Host field on the installer
screen of the relevant instance. Then this instance is installed with the given virtual host name.
●
Alternatively you can assign virtual host names also by starting the installer with the
SAPINST_USE_HOSTNAME property. For more information, see Running the Installer [page 114].
After the installation has completed, all application servers can use this virtual host name to connect to
the instance. The virtual host name is also a global host name. If you do not provide the virtual host
name, the instance is installed automatically using its physical host name.
You must have already reserved the virtual host name (network name) and its IP address on a DNS
server before you run the installer. For more information, see Using Virtual Host Names [page 89].
Note
Fully qualified host names, IPv4, IPv6 are not accepted as virtual host names.
SAP Process
If you want to install the primary application server instance of the Java system on a host different from
Integration (PI)
the host of the primary application server instance of the ABAP system, then you must specify the host
7.5, SAP Solu­
of the Java primary application server instance during the Define Parameters phase of the primary appli­
tion Manager
cation server instance installation of the ABAP system.
7.2:
This is to set up the connection between the ABAP and the Java system.
Application
Server Gateway
Communication
Setup
SAP System Pro­ /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/profile or /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile
file Directory
The installer retrieves parameters from the SAP system profile directory of an existing SAP system.
SAP profiles are operating system files that contain instance configuration information.
The installer prompts you to enter the location of the profile directory when the installation option
that you execute is not the first one belonging to your SAP system installation, for example if you are
installing a distributed system or an additional application server instance to an existing SAP system.
See also the description of the parameters SAP System ID and Database ID.
/usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/profile is the soft link referring to /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/profile.
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Parameter
Description
Master Pass­
Common password for all users that are created during the installation:
word
●
Operating system users (for example <sapsid>adm)
Caution
If you did not create the operating system users manually before the installation, the installer
creates them with the common master password (see Operating System Users). In this case,
make sure that the master password meets the requirements of your operating system.
●
ABAP users: SAP*, DDIC, and EARLYWATCH.
●
Secure Store key phrase
SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and Higher: For more information, see line Key Phrase
for Secure Store Settings and line Individual Encryption Key for the Secure Storage in this table.
Basic Password policy
The master password must meet the following requirements:
●
It must be 8 to 14 characters long
●
It must contain at least one letter (a-z, A-Z)
●
It must contain at least one digit (0-9)
●
It must not contain \ (backslash) or " (double quote).
Additional restrictions depending on SAP HANA database:
●
It must consist of at least one number, one lowercase letter, and one uppercase letter.
●
It can only contain the following characters: _, a-z, A-Z, 0-9, #, @, $, ! and must not start with a
number or an underscore ( _ ).
Depending on the installation option, additional restrictions may apply.
Message Server
Access Control
List
You can specify if you want to have a message server Access Control List (ACL) created.
The ACL is created as a file in the /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/global directory. If it exists, it defines the
hosts from which the message server accepts requests.
Caution
Only trigger the creation of this file if you do not plan to install any additional instances for this sys­
tem. With the creation of this ACL, you overwrite existing settings and prevent instances from being
installed on additional hosts. If you decide to install an additional instance later, you need to remove
this file manually before the installation and create it again after the installation of the additional in­
stance.
For more information, see the information about ms/acl_info in SAP Notes 1495075
and 826779
.
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Parameter
Description
SAP systems
You can set a randomly generated individual encryption key for the secure storage in the file system and
based on SAP
the secure storage in the database. If you skip this step, the system is installed with a default key which
NetWeaver 7.4
provides obfuscation only, but it can be changed later.
and Higher only:
●
For more information on the secure storage in the file system, see the SAP Library - depending on
Individual En­
the SAP NetWeaver release your SAP system is based on - at:
cryption Key for
http://help.sap.com/nw74
the Secure Stor­
http://help.sap.com/nw75
age
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
Application Help
Function-Oriented View: English
Security for SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP Only
●
Security
System Security
System
Secure Storage in the File System (AS ABAP)
For more information on the secure storage in the database, see the SAP Library - depending on the
SAP NetWeaver release your SAP system is based on - at:
http://help.sap.com/nw74
http://help.sap.com/nw75
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
Application Help
Function-Oriented View: English
Security for SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP Only
Individual Encryption Keys
Security
System Security
Secure Storage (ABAP)
System
Key Management
Using
Generating Encryption Keys
DNS Domain
If you want to use HTTP-based URL frameworks such as Web Dynpro applications, you have to specify
Name for SAP
the DNS domain name for the SAP system.
System
The DNS Domain Name is used to calculate the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN), which is configured in profile parameter SAPLOCALHOSTFULL. FQDN is the fully qualified domain name for an IP ad­
dress. It consists of the host name and the domain name:
<Host_Name>.<Domain_Name>
The DNS Domain Name is needed to define the URLs for the ABAP application servers. It is appended to
the server name to calculate the FQDN.
Example
If your application server host is called kirk.wdf.sap.com, the DNS Domain Name is
wdf.sap.com.
SAP Host Agent
If there already exists an SAP Host Agent on the installation host, the installer asks you if you want to
Upgrade (Op­
upgrade it to a newer patch level version. If you want the existing version to be upgraded, you must pro­
tional)
vide the new target version of the SAPHOSTAGENT<Version>.SAR archive.
For more information, see Downloading SAP Kernel Archives (Archive-Based Installation) [page 97]
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Ports
Parameter
ABAP Message Server Port
Description
Caution
The message server port number must be unique on the host where the message server
for the SAP system is running. If there are several message servers running on one host,
the message server ports must all be unique.
If you do not specify a value, the default port number is used.
ABAP Message Server Port
There is an external messagev server port and an internal message server port.
The ABAP message server uses both the internal and the external message server ports.
The default profile contains the configuration for both message server ports.
The external message server port uses the parameter rdisp/msserv with default value
36<ABAP_Message_Server_Instance_Number>.
The internal message server port uses the parameter rdisp/msserv_internal with de­
fault value 39<ABAP_Message_Server_Instance_Number>.
During the installation of an SAP system from scratch or an additional application server
instance to an existing SAP system , the message server is configured to only accept se­
cure connections. The DEFAULT.PFL profile parameter system/
secure_communication is set to ON (system/secure_communication =
ON) if the kernel supports secure connections to the message server. For more information,
see SAP Note 2040644
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Operating System Users
Parameter
Definition
Operating System Users and Groups
The installer processes the operating system users as follows:
●
If the operating system users do not exist, the installer creates the following
users:
○
The SAP system administrator user <sapsid>adm
○
Database administrator users
The installer sets the master password for these users by default. You can
overwrite and change the passwords either by using the parameter mode
Custom or by changing them on the parameter summary screen.
●
If the operating system users already exist, the installer prompts you for the
existing password, except if the password of these users is the same as the
master password.
●
Make sure that the user ID and group ID of these operating system users are
unique and the same on each relevant application server instance host.
The sapinst_instdir directory belongs to a group named sapinst. If this
group is not available, it is created automatically as a local group. For security
reasons, we recommend removing the operating system users from the group
sapinst after the execution of the installer has completed.
During the Define Parameters phase of the installer, you can specify that the op­
erating system users are to be removed automatically from the group sapinst
after the execution of the installer has completed.
For more information about the group sapinst, see Creating Operating System
Users and Groups [page 74].
For more information about the sapinst_instdir directory, see Useful Infor­
mation About the Installer [page 120].
User Management Engine Parameters
Parameter
Definition
Java Administrator User
The installer creates this user in the ABAP system.
Note
This user is only created during the installation of the ap­
plication server ABAP for an SAP NetWeaver 7.5 Process
Integration (PI) system or for an SAP Solution Manager
7.2 system.
After the installation, this user is available both in the ABAP
and in the Java system.
The installer sets the user name J2EE_ADMIN and the mas­
ter password by default.
If required, you can choose another user name and pass­
word according to your requirements.
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Parameter
Definition
Java Guest User
This user is for employees who do not belong to a company
or who have registered as company users and who are wait­
Note
ing for approval. Guest users belong to the default group
This user is only created during the installation of the ap­
plication server ABAP for an SAP NetWeaver 7.5 Process
Integration (PI) system or for an SAP Solution Manager
7.2 system.
Authenticated Users.
The installer creates this user in the ABAP system.
After the installation, it is available both in the ABAP and in
the Java system.
The installer sets the user name J2EE_GUEST and the mas­
ter password by default.
If required, you can choose another user name and pass­
word according to your requirements.
For more information about supported UME data sources
and change options, see SAP Note 718383
Communication User
.
The installer creates this user in the ABAP system.
After the installation, it is available both in the ABAP and in
Note
the Java system
This user is only created during the installation of the ap­
plication server ABAP for an SAP NetWeaver 7.5 Process
Integration (PI) system or for an SAP Solution Manager
7.2 system.
This user is used for the communication between the ABAP
system and the Java system.
The installer sets the user name SAPJSF and the master
password by default.
If required, you can choose another user name and pass­
word according to your requirements.
For more information about supported UME data sources
and change options, see SAP Note 718383
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System Landscape Directory
Parameter
Definition
SLD Destination for the System
The System Landscape Directory (SLD) registers the systems and the installed software
of your entire system landscape.
You can choose between the following options:
●
Register in existing SLD
Choose this option to register the SAP system you are installing in an existing SAP
System Landscape Directory (SLD) by specifying the SLD connection parameters
listed below in this table.
●
No SLD destination
Choose this option if you do not want to register the SAP system you are installing
in an existing SAP System Landscape Directory (SLD).
You then have to configure the SLD destination manually after the installation has
finished.
For more information, see Performing Post-Installation Steps for the ABAP Application
Server [page 144]
SLD Host
The host name of the existing SLD.
SLD HTTP(S) Port
HTTP port of the SAP system based on AS Java on which the System Landscape Direc­
tory (SLD) resides. The following naming convention applies:
5<Primary_Application_Server_Instance_Number>00.
Example
If the primary application server instance number of the AS Java on which the Sys­
tem Landscape Directory (SLD) resides is 01, the SLD HTTP Port is 50100.
SLD Data Supplier User and
The existing SLD Data Supplier user and password of the existing SLD
password
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3.6.2 SAP System Database Parameters
Parameters
Description
SYSTEM_ID
The SYSTEM_ID identifies the database instance.
This is the result of the following query :
select SYSTEM_ID from M_DATABASE
If your SAP HANA SYSTEM_ID is the same as the chosen SAP System ID
<SAPSID>, there are following restrictions:
●
The ABAP system and SAP HANA database have to be installed on dif­
ferent hosts
●
Database installation has to done on the ABAP host. Otherwise Data­
base installation procedure with Software Provisioning Manager
(the“ installer”) could overwrite the environment files (sapenv.*) of
the SAP HANA database and the database will not start any more after
reboot .
DATABASE_NAME, Database ID, <DBSID>
The <DBSID> identifies the tenant database. This is the result of the follow­
ing query:
select DATABASE_NAME from M_DATABASE
MCOD only: If you want to use an existing database system, enter exactly
the database ID of the existing SAP HANA database.
For more information, see Installation of Multiple Components in One Data­
base [page 168].
Database schema
The ABAP database schema is named SAP<SCHEMA_ID>. Default value:
SAPABAP1. You can either accept this default or enter another value ac­
cording to your needs.
Recommendation
Do not choose a value that contains the <SAPSID> of your system. Keep
in mind that you cannot change the schema name retrospectively.
Therefore, if you change the <SAPSID> by performing a system rename
or a system copy, the schema name always remains the same as the
original one you assigned during the installation.
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3.6.3 Additional Parameters when Installing SAP Process
Integration 7.5 or SAP Solution Manager 7.2
The parameters in this section are only required if you want to install SAP Process Integration 7.5 or SAP
Solution Manager 7.2.
Parameter
Communication Port for ABAP
Description
For a secure communication of connected SAP systems to the
ABAP stack you have to define the HTTPS port that is to be con­
figured in the application server instance profile. Further post-in­
stallation steps [page 146] are required to fully enable HTTPS
communication. For more information about HTTPS enable­
ment, see SAP Notes 1527879
and 510007
.
In addition you can configure an HTTP port. However, this is not
recommended for productive SAP systems due to security rea­
sons.
Recommendation
If you are about to install an SAP NetWeaver 7.5 Process In­
tegration system and you intend to run automated configuration using the Central Technical Configuration (CTC) Wizard
after the installation, it is strongly recommended that you
configure the ABAP communication port for ABAP already
during the installation process, because you can only run the
CTC Wizard if the ABAP port is either completely configured
for HTTPS or optionally for HTTP (see also PI: Configuring the
Process Integration System After the Install [page 149]).
Application Server Gateway Communication Setup
If you want to install the primary application server instance of
the Java system on a host different from the host of the primary
application server instance of the ABAP system, then you must
specify the host of the Java primary application server instance
during the Define Parameters phase of the primary application
server instance installation of the ABAP system.
This is to set up the connection between the ABAP and the Java
system.
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3.6.4 Additional Parameters When Using a Stack
Configuration File (Optional)
The parameters in this section are only required if you use a stack configuration file generated from the
Maintenance Planner.
Parameter
Transport Domain
Description
The ABAP Transport Management System (TMS) must be configured
before ABAP correction packages can be applied. You can also run the
configuration or even reconfigure the TMS after the installation has finished.
To be able to transport changes between the SAP systems in your sys­
tem landscape, you need to configure the Transport Management Sys­
tem (TMS) for all SAP systems in your system landscape and configure
one transport domain controller. To start the TMS in your ABAP system
for later reconfiguration, call transaction STMS. At least one transport
landscape with this system as transport domain controller is required
before you can apply corrections, support packages, or upgrades to the
SAP system.
The name of the Transport Domain must not contain blank characters.
You cannot change the name afterwards without reconfiguring the
transport domain controller and thereby the entire Transport Domain.
By default use DOMAIN_<SAPSID> for the Transport Domain of a single
transport landscape with this system as transport domain controller.
Directory with Transport Files
Location of the ABAP transport files that are to be included after the
ABAP load during the installation. All transport files in this directory are
imported with the transport control program (tp).
Location of SPAM/SAINT Update Archive
A SPAM/SAINT update contains updates and improvements to the
Support Package Manager (SPAM) and the Add-On Installation Tool
(SAINT). Provide the full path to the SPAM/SAINT update archive.
SPAM/SAINT is delivered with the ABAP load. SAP recommends that
you always use the latest version of SPAM/SAINT before applying Sup­
port Packages.
Decide whether you want to prepare for the Soft­
With the Software Update Manager 1.0 (SUM), you can apply support
ware Update Manager run at the end of the instal­ packages stacks at the end of the installation.
lation
●
●
Do not start SUM automatically
Start SUM automatically at the end of the installation
Choose to start SUM automatically, if you want to have the SUM
STARTUP script called in the default <Update Directory>/SUM/
directory at the end of the installation.
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Parameter
Description
Extract the SUM*.SAR Archive
If you choose to extract the SUM*.SAR archive, the provided archive is
extracted to the default update directory:
UNIX and IBM i: /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/
SUM HTTP port
If you are running several SAP system updates on the same host, you
have to use different port numbers for each update. You can adjust the
default SUM HTTP port by entering the required port number in the
SUM HTTP Port field. When doing so you set the SUM GUI Port number
to (=<HTTP port number+2>). Dependencies See also the Soft­
ware Update Manager documentation at: http://support.sap.com/
sltoolset
System Maintenance
(SUM) 1.0 SPS<Number>
SUM Batch Input File
Software Update Manager
Guides for SUM 1.0 SP <Number>
You can specify a batch file with some default values for the update.
SUM then starts with parameter batchfile=<XML file with
input parameters>.
Enter the full path to the existing batch file.
Placeholders like @PARAMETER_VALUE@ inside the file are replaced by
values known from the installation.
Install Additional SAP System Languages
A set of default languages is delivered with the ABAP load. From the lan­
guage media delivered with your product version or - if already provided
by the Maintenance Planner for the respective product - using language
archives, you can select additional languages that you want to have in­
stalled during SAP system installation.
If you want to install additional languages, you must provide the direc­
tory with the additional language packages for the ABAP installation
load, for example with subdirectories like DATA_UNITS/ES.
For more information, see Installation Using a Stack Configuration File (Optional) [page 36].
Related Information
Installation Using a Stack Configuration File [page 36]
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3.6.5 Parameters for Additional Components to be Included
in the ASCS Instance (Optional)
You only need to specify the following parameters during the ASCS instance installation if you perform an
integrated installation of additional components.
Note
You must choose Custom parameter mode. Otherwise you are not prompted for the parameters related to
these additional components during the Define Parameters phase.
Parameters
Description
Install a gateway integrated in the ASCS
instance
When processing the screens for the ASCS instance installation, you are
prompted to mark this checkbox on the screen Additional Components to be
Included in the ASCS Instance.
Install an SAP Web Dispatcher inte­
grated in the ASCS instance
When processing the screens for the ASCS instance installation, you are
prompted to mark this checkbox on the screen Additional Components to be
Included in the ASCS Instance.
If you mark the checkbox for SAP Web Dispatcher, you are prompted for the ad­
ditional parameters required for the SAP Web Dispatcher installation on the sub­
sequent screens:
Message Server Host
The name of the host on which the message server is located (profile parameter
rdisp/mshost)
Message Server HTTP Port
HTTP port of the message server (profile parameter ms/server_port_<xx>)
Password for the Internet Communication Management (ICM) user
In order to use the web administration interface for the Internet Communication
Manager (ICM) and SAP Web Dispatcher, an administration user webadm is cre­
ated by the installer.
You have to assign a password for this user.
Related Information
ASCS Instance with Integrated SAP Web Dispatcher [page 29]
ASCS Instance with Integrated Gateway [page 31]
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3.7
SAP System Transport Host
The transport host contains the transport directory used by the SAP transport system to store transport data
and change SAP system information, such as software programs, write dictionary data, or customizing data. If
you have several SAP systems it depends on your security requirements whether you want them to share a
transport directory or whether you use separate directories.
When you install an SAP system, you have to decide which transport host and directory you want to use for
your SAP system:
● Use the transport directory that the installer creates during the installation of the SAP system by default on
the global host.
The installer by default creates the transport directory on the global host in /usr/sap/trans.
● Use a transport directory located on a host other than the default host:
○ You can use an existing transport directory and host in your SAP system landscape.
○ You can set up a new transport directory on a different host.
In either case, you must prepare this host for use by the new SAP system. For more information, see
Exporting and Mounting the Global Transport Directory [page 108].
More Information
● Required File Systems and Directories [page 78]
● See the SAP Library at:
Release
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
http://help.sap.com/nw73
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement
Package 1
○
SAP Library Path
Application Help
Management
Function-Oriented View
Software Logistics
Change and Transport System
Change and Transport System – Overview
http://help.sap.com/nw731
and Transport System
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
Concept
Solution Life Cycle
Basics of the Change
Transport Management System –
http://help.sap.com/nw74
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
○
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for
ABAP 7.51 innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
○
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
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3.8
Planning the Switchover Cluster for High Availability
This section describes basic aspects of planning the switchover cluster for a high-availability system.
You can reduce unplanned downtime for your SAP system by setting up a switchover cluster. This setup installs
critical software units – known as “single points of failure” (SPOFs) – across multiple host machines in the
cluster. In the event of a failure on the primary node, proprietary switchover software automatically switches
the failed software unit to another hardware node in the cluster. Manual intervention is not required.
Applications trying to access the failed software unit might experience a short delay but can then resume
processing as normal.
Switchover clusters also have the advantage that you can deliberately initiate switchover to release a particular
node for planned system maintenance. Switchover solutions can protect against hardware failure and
operating system failure but not against human error, such as operator errors or faulty application software.
Additional downtime might be caused by upgrading your SAP system or applying patches to it.
Without a switchover cluster, the SAP system SPOFs – central services instance, the database instance, and
the central file share – are vulnerable to failure because they cannot be replicated. All of these can only exist
once in a normal SAP system.
You can protect software units that are not SPOFs against failure by making them redundant, which means
simply installing multiple instances. For example, you can add additional application server instances. This
complements the switchover solution and is an essential part of building high availability (HA) into your SAP
system.
Recommendation
We recommend switchover clusters to improve the availability of your SAP system.
A switchover cluster consists of:
● A hardware cluster of two or more physically separate host machines to run multiple copies of the critical
software units, in an SAP system the SPOFs referred to above
● Switchover software to detect failure in a node and switch the affected software unit to the standby node,
where it can continue operating
● A mechanism to enable application software to seamlessly continue working with the switched software
unit – normally this is achieved by virtual addressing (although identity switchover is also possible)
Prerequisites
You must first discuss switchover clusters with your hardware partner because this is a complex technical area.
In particular, you need to choose a proprietary switchover product that works with your operating system.
We recommend that you read the following documentation before you start:
● Check the information and the installation guides that are available at https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/
display/SI/SAP+High+Availability .
● The enqueue replication server (ERS) is essential for a high-availability system. You need one ERS for the
ASCS installed in your system.
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Features
The following graphic shows the essential features of a switchover setup:
Switchover Setup
Note
This figure and the figures in this section are only examples. Only the instances relevant to the switchover
are shown – for example, the primary application server instance is not shown.
These graphics summarize the overall setup and do not show the exact constellation for an installation
based on one of the available technologies (ABAP, dual-stack, or Java).
You need to discuss your individual HA setup with your HA partner.
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The following graphic shows an example of a switchover cluster in more detail:
Switchover Cluster
Constraints
This documentation concentrates on the switchover solution for the central services instance. For more
information about how to protect the Network File System (NFS) software and the database instance by using
switchover software or (for the database) replicated database servers, contact your HA partner.
This documentation concentrates on the switchover solution for the central services instance. For more
information about how to protect the central file share and the database instance by using switchover software
or (for of the database) replicated database servers, contact your HA partner.
Make sure that your hardware is powerful enough and your configuration is robust enough to handle the
increased workload after a switchover. Some reduction in performance might be acceptable after an
emergency. However, it is not acceptable if the system comes to a standstill because it is overloaded after
switchover.
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4
Preparation
4.1
Preparation Checklist
This section includes the preparation steps that you have to perform for the following installation options:
● Standard, distributed, or high-availability system
● Additional application server instance
Detailed information about the steps are available in the linked sections.
Standard, Distributed, or High-Availability System
Note
In a standard system [page 22], all mandatory instances except the database instance are normally installed
on one host. Therefore, if you are installing a standard system, you can ignore references to other hosts.
The SAP HANA database is normally pre-installed by SAP partners before you start the installation. For
more information about how to install the SAP HANA database, see the SAP HANA Server Installation and
Installation and Upgrade . The database
Update Guide at https://help.sap.com/hana_platform
instance is remotely installed by SoftwareProvisioning Manager (the “installer”) from the primary
application server host.
However, if you are installing a standard system [page 22] on Linux, you can install SAP systems based on
SAP NetWeaver 7.4 or higher on the same host as the SAP HANA database, without applying additional
environment settings. For more information, see SAP Note 1953429 .
1. You make sure that the SAP HANA database is installed on the SAP HANA host [page 72].
2. You decide how to set connectivity data for your SAP HANA database [page 73].
3. You check that the required operating system users and groups [page 74] are created.
4. You set up file systems [page 78] and make sure that the required disk space is available for the
directories to be created during the installation.
5. If you want to use virtual host names, you have to set the environment variable SAPINST_USE_HOSTNAME
[page 89].
Alternatively you can specify a virtual host name either in the command to start the installer or - after the
installer has started - in the relevant field on the respective instance screen (see Running the Installer
[page 114]).
6. If you want to install a high-availability system, you perform switchover preparations [page 89].
7. If you want to share the transport directory trans from another system, export [page 108] this directory to
your installation hosts.
8. You install the SAP front-end software [page 90] on the desktop of the user.
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9. If required, you configure host names for the SAP HANA database [page 90].
10. You check that the required installation media [page 91] are available on each host.
11. If you decided to use a generic LDAP directory, you have to create a user for LDAP directory access [page
170].
12. You continue with Installation [page 103].
Additional Application Server Instance
You have to perform the following preparations on the host where you install the additional application server
instances:
1. You check that the required operating system users and groups [page 74] are created.
2. You set up file systems [page 78] and make sure that the required disk space is available for the
directories to be created during the installation.
3. If you want to use virtual host names, you have to set the environment variable SAPINST_USE_HOSTNAME
[page 89].
Alternatively you can specify a virtual host name either in the command to start the installer or - after the
installer has started in the relevant field on the respective instance screen (see Running the Installer [page
114]).
4. If you want to share the transport directory trans from another system, export [page 108] this directory to
your installation hosts.
5. You install the SAP front-end software [page 90] on the desktop of the user.
6. You check the time zones of the ABAP application server and the SAP HANA system [page 91].
7. You check that the required installation media [page 91] are available.
8. You continue with Installation [page 103].
4.2
Installing the SAP HANA Database
Make sure that the SAP HANA database has been installed before you start the SAP system installation.
For more information about how to install the SAP HANA database, see the SAP HANA Server Installation and
Update Guide at https://help.sap.com/hana_platform
Installation and Upgrade .
The SAP HANA database is normally part of the SAP HANA appliance. It is normally pre-installed by SAP
partners before you start the installation using Software Provisioning Manager (the “installer”). The installer
accesses the SAP HANA database remotely to perform the necessary database-specific installation steps.
Note
If you are installing a standard system on Linux, you can install your SAP system on the same host as the
SAP HANA database. In this case, you must make sure that you include the RAM requirements for the SAP
HANA database instance. For more information, see SAP Note 1953429 . This scenario is not described in
detail in this guide.
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4.3
Setting Connectivity Data for the SAP HANA Database
An SAP ABAP system needs connectivity data to log on to the SAP HANA database. This section describes
methods for setting up connectivity data.
For SAP HANA database, you can set up the connectivity data using the following methods:
● Local hdbuserstore container (default method)
The local hdbuserstore container has always been available with SAP HANA. It is used in all versions of
software provisioning manager. It is the default when you are doing an installation of SAP HANA or a
migration to SAP HANA. One hdbuserstore is created for each host for which you installing an ABAP
instance.
The hdbuserstore is stored in the home directory of the user in the sub-folder .hdb/<hostname>.
Therefore, even if the <SID>adm user has a shared home directory, every host has its own hdbuserstore.
You can trace the connect method of R3trans by checking the log file trans.log.
The disadvantage of this method is that there is one hdbuserstore container on each SAP application
server. This means that, if you want to change the connectivity data, you have to log on to each server of
the system and change the data separately on each server.
To use this method, you need take no further action since it is the default.
● Global hdbuserstore container
As of SAP HANA Database Revision 93 for clients, you can now store hdbuserstore in a central location.
The storage location for this method is defined by the value of the environment variable HDB_USE_IDENT
(that is, hostname is not used in this method). hdbuserstore is stored in the user’s home directory at the
following location:
/home/<sid>adm/.hdb/<HDB_USE_IDENT>
HDB_USE_IDENT is the successor to the method that uses a file called installation.ini to set a folder
name by using a virtual hostname.
Example
Check the value of the environment variable HDB_USE_IDENT:
plx101:cooadm 14> echo $HDB_USE_IDENT
SYSTEM_GTI
Now you can see that hdbuserstore is stored in a directory called SYSTEM_GTI:
plx101:cooadm 15> hdbuserstore list
DATA FILE : /home/cooadm/.hdb/SYSTEM_GTI/SSFS_HDB.DAT
By using this method, a global identifier stored in DEFAULT.PFL supports a single unified hdbuserstore in a
shared home directory of user <sid>adm.
To use this method, you start the installation with the parameter HDB_USE_IDENT. For more information,
see Running the Installer [page 114].
● ABAP secure storage in the file system (SSFS)
ABAP SSFS is a database-independent method of storing data located inside the SAP system. For more
information, see SAP Note 1639578 . This functionality is available for SAP HANA as of SAP NetWeaver
7.4.
To use this method, you start the installation with the parameter HDB_ABAP_SSFS=YES. For more
information, see Running the Installer [page 114].
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Note that only SAP kernel tools can read from ABAP SSFS. This means that SAP HANA client tools such as
hdbsql cannot use ABAP SSFS. Therefore, you might want to choose one application server where you still
maintain one hdbuserstore container.
4.4
Creating Operating System Users and Groups
During the installation, the installer checks all required accounts (users, groups) and services on the local
machine. The installer checks whether the required users and groups already exist. If not, it creates new users
and groups as necessary.
The sapinst_instdir directory belongs to a group named sapinst. If this group is not available, it is
created automatically as a local group.
If you do not want the installer to create operating system users, groups, and services automatically, you can
optionally create them before the installation is started. This might be the case if you use central user
management such as Network Information System (NIS).
For distributed installations, unless you are using global accounts or NIS, you must create the target users
automatically using the installer or manually on the operating system, before starting the installation :
Caution
The user ID (UID) and group ID (GID) of SAP users and groups must be identical for all servers belonging to
an SAP system.
This does not mean that all users and groups have to be installed on all SAP servers.
The installer checks if the required services are available on the host and creates them if necessary. See the log
messages about the service entries and adapt the network-wide (NIS) entries accordingly.
The installer checks the NIS users, groups, and services using NIS commands. However, the installer does not
change NIS configurations.
Recommendation
For a distributed or a high-availability system, we recommend that you distribute account information
(operating system users and groups) over the network, for example by using Network Information Service
(NIS).
If you want to use global accounts that are configured on a separate host, you can do this in one of the following
ways:
● You start the installer and choose
Generic Installation Options
<Database>
Preparation
Operating
System Users and Groups .
For more information, see Running the Installer [page 114].
● You create operating system users and groups manually. Check the settings for these operating system
users.
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User Settings
●
Only valid for 'Platform': Oracle Solaris
Oracle Solaris: If your operating system is Oracle Solaris 10 or higher, follow the parameter
recommendations for SAP applications in SAP Note 724713 .
End of 'Platform': Oracle Solaris
●
Only valid for 'Platform': AIX
AIX: Make sure that you have set the limits for operating system users as described in SAP Note 323816
.
End of 'Platform': AIX
●
Only valid for 'Platform': HP-UX, Linux, Oracle Solaris
HP-UX, Linux, Oracle Solaris: Make sure that you have set the limits for operating system users root,
<sapsid>adm, and your database-specific operating system users (see also section "Creating Operating
System Users and Groups" and "Running the Installer" in the installation guide).
Caution
Caution: the limit mechanism supports hard and soft limits. The soft limit cannot be bigger than the
hard limit. The hard limit can be set/increased by the root user like: limit -h <limit>
<new_value>, for example limit -h datasize unlimited .
○ Using csh shell, the output of command limit needs to be at least as follows:
Example
The following table lists example output taken from SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 (x86_64).
Output
Properties
cputime
unlimited
filesize
unlimited
datasize
unlimited
stacksize
8192 KB
coredumpsize
unlimited
descriptors
8192
memoryuse
unlimited
○ Using sh or ksh shell, the output of command ulimit -a needs to be at least as follows:
Example
The following table lists example output taken from SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 (x86_64).
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Output sh
Output ksh
Properties
cpu time (seconds)
cpu time (seconds)
unlimited
file size (blocks)
file size (blocks)
unlimited
data seg size (kbytes)
data size (Kibytes)
unlimited
stack size (kbytes)
stack size (Kibytes)
8192 KB
core file size (blocks)
core file size (blocks)
unlimited
open files
nofile
8192
max memory size (kbytes)
max memory size (Kibytes)
unlimited
End of 'Platform': HP-UX, Linux, Oracle Solaris
● All users must have identical environment settings. Any change to the environment – such as variables, or
paths – is at your own responsibility.
● If you have multiple operating system users with user ID (UID) 0, you must assign the sapinst group to all
of them.
● Do not delete any shell initialization scripts in the home directory of the operating system users. This
applies even if you do not intend to use the shells that these scripts are for.
● If you install an SAP system with instances distributed over several hosts, make sure that the following
requirements are met:
○ The user ID (UID) and group ID (GID) of each operating system user must be unique and the same on
each instance host that belongs to the same SAP system.
○ Make sure that the group ID of group sapinst is always different from the group ID of any other group
(for example, of group sapsys) used during the installation.
For example, if you want to install an additional application server instance for an existing SAP system,
you must make sure that the group ID of group sapinst created on the host of the additional
application server instance is different from the group ID of any other group on the primary application
server instance host of the existing SAP system.
○ If you use local operating system user accounts instead of central user management (for example,
NIS), users <sapsid>adm and sapadm must have the same password on all hosts.
○ If you use local operating system user accounts, make sure that you install your SAP system in Custom
mode and specify suitable IDs for user <sapsid>adm and group sapsys on all hosts. The IDs have to
be the same on all hosts. If you choose Typical mode, you are not asked to specify the user and group
IDs.
● If you create operating system users manually or use already existing operating system users, make sure
that the home directory for each of these users is not the root directory ( / ) .
● Make sure that the home directory of user <sapsid>adm is not critical for recursive changes on
permissions.
When operating system users are created by the installer, the permissions on the home directories of these
users are changed recursively. This can cause unpredictable errors if you define a critical home directory.
For example, the home directory must not be / or /usr/sap.
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●
Only valid for 'Platform': HP-UX
HP-UX: To prevent terminal query errors in the <sapsid>adm environment, comment out the line eval
'tset -s -Q -m ':?hp' in the /etc/skel/.login script. For more information, see SAP Note
1038842
.
End of 'Platform': HP-UX
Operating System Users and Groups
The installer chooses available operating system user IDs and group IDs unless you are installing an additional
application server instance. On anadditional application server instance you have to enter the same IDs as on
the host of the primary application server instance.
If you have multiple operating system users with user ID (UID) 0, you must assign the sapinst group to all of
them.
Recommendation
For security reasons, we recommend that you remove the operating system users from the group sapinst
after the installer has completed. For more information, see Ensuring User Security [page 150].
We recommend that you specify this “cleanup” already during the Define Parameters phase on the Cleanup
Operating System Users screen. Then, the removal of the operating system users from the group sapinst is
done automatically. For more information, see Cleanup of Operating System Users in SAP System
Parameters [page 53].
Users and Groups
User
Primary Group
Additional Group
Description
root
None
sapinst
Superuser of the UNIX oper­
ating system
<sapsid>adm
sapsys
sapinst
SAP system administrator
Groups and Members
Groups
Members
sapsys
<sapsid>adm
sapinst
root, <sapsid>adm
SAP Host Agent:
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User and Groups of the SAP Host Agent
User
Primary Group
Additional Group
Comment
sapadm
sapsys
–
SAP Host Agent administrator
Note
If sapadm does not exist, it is cre­
ated during the SAP Host Agent
installation using /bin/false
shell.
Make sure that /bin/false can
be used as a login shell.
Only valid for 'Platform': AIX
AIX: Add /bin/false to the list
of valid login shells (attribute
shells) in /etc/security/
login.cfg.
End of 'Platform': AIX
Groups and Members of the SAP Host Agent User
Groups
Members
sapsys
sapadm
sapinst
sapadm
4.5
Required File Systems and Directories
Note
The installation of any SAP system does not require a special file system setup or separate partitions.
Related Information
SAP Directories [page 79]
SAP HANA Database Client Directory [page 85]
Setting Up File Systems for a High-Availability System [page 85]
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4.5.1 SAP Directories
Depending on the installation option you have chosen, the installer automatically creates the directories listed
in the following figures and tables. Before running the installation, you have to set up the required file systems
manually. In addition, you have to make sure that the required disk space for the directories to be installed is
available on the relevant hard disks.
The installer creates the following types of directories:
● Physically shared directories
● Logically shared directories
● Local directories
Only valid for 'Platform': HP-UX
HP-UX: For recommendations about block size and mount option configuration, see SAP Note 1077887
.
End of 'Platform': HP-UX
Directories of the SAP System
The figure below assumes that you have set up one file system for the SAP system mount directory <sapmnt>
and one file system for the /usr/sap directory. However, you have to decide for which directories you want to
set up separate file systems. If you do not set up any file system on your installation host, the installer creates
all directories in the root directory (/ ).
The installer prompts you only for the <sapmnt> directory during the installation.
The following figures show the directory structure of SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5 and the
directory structure of SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 to 7.4:
● Directory Structure for an ABAP System Based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5:
In SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5, all application server instances, including the primary
application server instance, are named D<Instance_Number>.
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Directory Structure for an ABAP System Based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5
● Directory Structure for an ABAP System Based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 to 7.4:
In SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 to 7.4 the primary application server instance is named
DVEBMGS<Instance_Number>.
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Directory Structure for an ABAP System Based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 to 7.4
Every new installation of an ABAP standalone system is Unicode (directory uc – Unicode).
Physically Shared Directories (SAP System)
Physically shared directories reside on the global host and are shared by Network File System (NFS). The
installer creates the following directories:
● The directory /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>, which contains SAP kernel and related files, is created on the first
installation host. Normally, the first installation host is the host on which the central services instance is to
run, but you can also choose another host for /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>.
You need to manually share this directory with Network File System (NFS) and – for a distributed system
such as a high-availability system or a system with additional application server instances – mount it from
the other installation hosts.
The installer creates the following shared subdirectories in /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID> during the SAP system
installation. If you install an SAP system with instances distributed over several hosts, you have to share
these directories for all hosts with the same operating system (see Exporting and Mounting Global
Directories [page 109]):
○ global
○ profile
Contains the profiles of all instances
○ exe
○ Contains a folder uc and a folder nuc, each with a platform-specific subfolder:
○ <sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/exe/uc/<platform> is used in Unicode systems.
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Executable kernel programs are replicated from this directory to the exe directories of each
Unicode system instance.
○ <sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/exe/nuc/<platform> is used in non-Unicode systems (see below).
Executable kernel programs are replicated from this directory to the exe directories of each
non-Unicode system instance (see below).
○ Contains a folder jvm with the SAP JVM files
● The directory /usr/sap/trans, which is the global transport directory.
If you want to use an existing transport directory, you have to mount it before you install the relevant
application server instance. Otherwise, the installer creates /usr/sap/trans locally.
For more information, see Exporting and Mounting the Global Transport Directory [page 108].
Physically Shared SAP Directories
Directory
Required Minimum Disk Space
/<sapmnt>/
Minimum 2.5 GB
<SAPSID>
/usr/sap/trans
This value heavily depends on the use of your SAP system.
For production systems, we recommend to use as much free space as available (at least 2 GB), be­
cause the space requirement normally grows dynamically.
For the installation, it is sufficient to use 2 GB for each SAP system instance. You can enlarge the file
system afterwards.
Logically Shared Directories (SAP System)
Logically shared directories reside on the local hosts with symbolic links to the global host. The installer creates
the directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS on each host.
This directory contains the following symbolic links to physically shared directories:
● Symbolic link profile points to /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/profile
● Symbolic link global points to /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/global
This directory contains the exe subdirectory with symbolic links pointing to the corresponding subdirectories
of /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/exe on the SAP global host:
● Symbolic link uc (for Unicode) points to /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/exe/uc
● Symbolic link nuc (for non-Unicode) points to /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/exe/nuc
● Symbolic link run points to another symbolic link /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/dbg in the same
directory, and symbolic link dbg finally points to /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/exe/uc/<platform>
Whenever a local instance is started, the sapcpe program checks the executables against those in the logically
shared directories and, if necessary, replicates them to the local instance.
The installer uses sapcpe to replicate the kernel automatically from /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS/exe/run/
DIR_CT_RUN to /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/<INSTANCE>/exe/DIR_EXECUTABLE for each SAP system instance.
Local Directories (SAP System)
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The installer also creates local directories that reside on the local hosts. The directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>
contains files for the operation of a local instance as well as symbolic links to the data for one system. This
directory is physically located on each host in the SAP system and contains the following subdirectories:
● SYS
Note
The subdirectories of /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS have symbolic links to the corresponding
subdirectories of /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>, as shown in the figure above.
● Instance-specific directories with the following names:
○ SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 to 7.4:
○ The directory of the primary application server instance is called DVEBMGS<Instance_Number>.
○ The directory of an additional application server instance is called D<Instance_Number>.
○ The directory of an application server instance (primary application server instance and additional
application server instances) is called D<Instance_Number>.
● The directory of the ABAP central services instance (ASCS) instance is called ASCS<Instance_Number>.
● The directory of an enqueue replication server instance (ERS) instance is called ERS<Instance_Number>.
If you install a high-availability system, you must install an ERS instance for the ASCS instance.
Local SAP Directories
Directory
Description
SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 to
Primary application server in­
7.4:
stance directory
/usr/sap/<SAPSID>/
Required Minimum Disk Space
●
SAP Business Warehouse server
only: minimum 25 GB
●
Other installations: minimum 4 GB
●
SAP Business Warehouse server
●
Other installations: minimum 4 GB
DVEBMGS<Instance_Number>
SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5:
/usr/sap/<SAPSID>/D<Instance_Number>
/usr/sap/<SAPSID>/D<Instance_Number>
Additional application server
only: minimum 25 GB
instance directory
/usr/sap/<SAPSID>/
ABAP central services (ASCS) Minimum 2 GB
ASCS<Instance_Number>
instance directory (high avail­
ability only)
/usr/sap/<SAPSID>/
Enqueue replication server
ERS<Instance_Number>
(ERS) instance directory for
Minimum 2 GB
the ASCS (high availability
only)
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Directories of the SAP Host Agent
The SAP Host Agent has only local directories as shown in the following figure:
Directory Structure for the SAP Host Agent
Local Directories (SAP Host Agent)
The SAP Host Agent directory /usr/sap/hostctrl requires 100 MB of disk space. It contains the following
subdirectories:
● exe
Contains the profile host_profile
● work
Working directory of the SAP Host Agent
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4.5.2 SAP HANA Database Client Directory
This is the directory for the SAP HANA database client:
/usr/sap/<SAPSID>/hdbclient
For the space required, see the table Hardware Requirements in Hardware and Software Requirements Tables
[page 40].
4.5.3 Setting Up File Systems for a High-Availability System
Third-party technology is used to make the SAP directories available to the SAP system. The technologies of
choice are NFS, shared disks, and cluster file system. If you have decided to use a high-availability (HA)
solution for your SAP system, make sure that you properly address the HA requirements of the SAP file
systems in your SAP environment with the HA partner of your choice.
Prerequisites
You have already installed the hardware – that is, hosts, disks, and network – and decided how to distribute the
database, SAP instances, and – if required – Network File System (NFS) server over the cluster nodes (that is,
over the host machines). For more information, see Planning the Switchover Cluster [page 68] and contact
your HA partner.
Context
From the perspective of an SAP application, there are the following types of SAP Directories [page 79]:
● Physically shared directories: /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID> and /usr/sap/trans
● Logically shared directories that are bound to a node such as /usr/sap with the following local directories:
○ /usr/sap/<SAPSID>
○ /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS
○ /usr/sap/hostctrl
● Local directories that contain the SAP instances such as /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/
ASCS<Instance_Number>
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Only valid for 'Platform': HP-UX
HP-UX: For recommendations about block size and mount option configuration, see SAP Note 1077887
.
End of 'Platform': HP-UX
Procedure
1. Create the file systems or raw partitions for the SAP instances you can switch over in such a way that the
content can be made available to all nodes that can run the service. At least the ABAP central services
(ASCS) instance must be part of the switchover cluster.
The SAP directories /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID> and /usr/sap/trans are usually mounted from a Network
File System (NFS). However, an SAP instance directory /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/
<Instance_Type><Instance_Number> that you want to prepare for HA has always to be mounted on
the cluster node currently running the instance. Do not mount such directories with NFS.
Therefore, if the host running the primary application server instance is not the NFS server host, you might
have to mount the file systems for /sapmnt/<SAPSID> and /usr/sap/trans on different physical disks
from the file system for /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/<Instance_Type><Instance_Number>.
Caution
To start or stop an SAP instance, you have to do one of the following:
○ Make the physically shared SAP directories under /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/ available to the server
beforehand.
○ Replace the links in /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/SYS by a physical copy.
Consult your HA partner to clarify the best solution for the cluster software.
2. Use the following approach for the file system for the /usr/sap/<SAPSID> directory:
The /usr/sap/<SAPSID> directory contains at least two subdirectories (see also SAP Directories [page
79]):
○ SYS, which contains links to the central directory /sapmnt/<SAPSID>
○ <Instance_Type> <Instance_Number> – where the name is defined by the type of services and
the application server number:
○ DVEBMGS<Instance Number> – which contains data for the primary application server instance
○ D<Instance_Number> – which contains data for an additional application server instance
○ ASCS<Instance_Number> – which contains data for the ABAP central services instance
Only <Instance_Type><Instance_Number> directories need to be migrated with the SAP instances
during the switchover.
Therefore, instead of /usr/sap/<SAPSID>, create a file system for /usr/sap/<SAPSID>/
<Instance_Type><Instance_Number> with the usual < > substitutions.
The instance-specific directory name for the ABAP central services instance is normally
ASCS<Instance_Number>. Migrating only these directories avoids mount conflicts when switching over
to a node on which another application server instance is already running. The ASCS<Instance_Number>
directory can join the /usr/sap/<SAPSID> tree instead of mounting on top of it.
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Note
This approach becomes increasingly important when you want to cluster the central services instances
with other local instances running on the cluster hosts outside the control of the switchover software.
This applies to the Enqueue Replication Server (ERS) and additional ABAP or Java application server
instances. The result is a more efficient use of resources. Use this approach for integrated installations
of the application server with ABAP and Java stacks.
3. You assign the local (not switching) file systems to permanent mount points.
4. You assign the shared file systems as documented by your HA partner.
Example
The graphic below shows an example of the file systems and disks in an HA setup
Note that this is only an example. For more information on a setup that meets your needs, consult your HA
partner.
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File Systems and Disks in an HA Setup
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4.6
Using Virtual Host Names
You can use one or more virtual TCP/IP host names for SAP servers within an SAP server landscape to hide
their physical network identities from each other. This can be useful when quickly moving SAP servers or
complete server landscapes to alternative hardware since you do not need to reinstall or reconfigure.
Prerequisites
Make sure that the virtual host name can be correctly resolved in your Domain Name System (DNS) setup.
Context
If you want to install a high-availability (HA) system [page 25], you need the virtual host name when you install
the ASCS instance in a cluster.
Procedure
Proceed as described in SAP Note 962955
4.7
.
Performing Switchover Preparations for High
Availability
You have to assign virtual host names to prepare the switchover for high-availability.
Context
To be able to use the required virtual host names [page 89], you have to set the installer property
SAPINST_USE_HOSTNAME to specify the required virtual host name before you start the installer. Alternatively,
you can specify the virtual host name in the relevant field on the respective instance screen.
For more information, see SAP System Parameters [page 53].
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Procedure
Assign the virtual IP addresses and host names for the ASCS instance, and (if required) NFS to appropriate
failover groups.
Note
For more information on virtual addresses and virtual host names and how to assign resources to failover
groups, ask your HA partner.
4.8
Installing the SAP Front-End Software
Before you start the installation, make sure that the SAP front-end software is installed on at least one
computer in your system environment to be able to log on to the SAP system after the installation has finished.
Procedure
1. Check SAP Note 147519
for the recommended SAP front-end release.
2. Install the SAP front-end software required for your SAP system release as described in the documentation
SAP Frontend Installation Guide - <Release> at: https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/ATopics/SAP+GUI
+Family
4.9
Configuring Host Names for the SAP HANA Database
You need to perform this procedure if you want to use virtual host names or if your SAP HANA database is
located in a separate network.
Context
During the dialog phase, the installer prompts you for the parameters to connect to your SAP HANA database.
However, the database host name that you enter is not used directly. Instead, the external host name of the
database is determined and subsequently used.
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Procedure
Make sure that the external host name of the database is correctly maintained.
For more information on how to do this, see SAP Note 1930853
or section Mapping Host Names for
Database Client Access in the SAP HANA Administration Guide, available here:
https://help.sap.com/viewer/p/SAP_HANA_PLATFORM
Administration
4.10 Checking Time Zones
Before you start the installer, you need to check time zone settings.
Context
Before you start the installer, compare the following time zone settings:
● The time zone of the target host for the ABAP application server
● The time zone of the <sid>adm user of the SAP HANA system
Check the relevant SAP HANA time zone by logging on to the system at the command line with your user
<sid>adm and then using command date.
Procedure
If the systems have different time zones, proceed as follows:
○ Change the time zone of the ABAP system (recommended solution)
○ If the time zone of the ABAP system cannot be changed, change the time zone of the SAP HANA system.
For more information, see https://help.sap.com/viewer/p/SAP_HANA_PLATFORM
Upgrade
Installation and
SAP HANA Server Installation and Update Guide
4.11 Preparing the Installation Media
This section describes how to prepare the installation media.
Installation media are available as follows:
● The Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 archive containing the installer
You always have to download the latest version of the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 archive.
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● The complete media or dedicated installation archives (SAR files) containing the software to be installed,
which are available as follows:
○ You can use the physical installation media as part of the installation package as described in Using the
Physical Media from the Installation Package [page 95].
○ You download the complete installation media as described in Downloading Complete Installation
Media [page 101].
○ As an alternative to downloading the complete SAP kernel media, you can do one of the following:
○ Download the SAP kernel archives (SAR files). For more information, see Downloading SAP Kernel
Archives (Archive-Based Installation) [page 97].
Note
If you perform an additional application server installation, kernel archives - such as
SAPEXE<Version>.SAR, SAPEXEDB<Version>.SAR, IGSEXE<Version>.SAR,
igshelper<version>.sar - are only prompted if they cannot be retrieved from the primary
application server instance or the ASCS instance of the existing SAP system.
Note
Even if you use the complete SAP kernel media, the installer might prompt you during the provisioning
process for additional archives (*.SAR files) due to special Patch Level (PL) requirements depending on
categories such as the product, operating system, and database platform at the end of this section.
For example: The installer might require a certain PL of <X> of the SAPEXEDB.SAR (for DBTYPE <Y>),
but this PL of the SAPEXEDB.SAR is not contained in the SAP kernel media . In this case you have to
following the
download the required PL from https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter
instructions in Downloading SAP Kernel Archives (Archive-Based Installation) [page 97].
Note
If you are using a stack configuration file (see Installation Using a Stack Configuration File [page 36]),
you have the installation media defined when generating the Landscape Plan. The media link provided in
the Landscape Plan guides you to the location in the SAP Software Download Center at https://
launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter
where you can download the installation media
required for your SAP product, operating system and database.
For more information about which kernel version to use, see SAP Note 1680045
Product Availability Matrix at: http://support.sap.com/pam .
. In addition, check the
The installer requests the related kernel media during the corresponding procedure. For more information
about release and road map information around the kernel versions and their relationship to SAP NetWeaver
support packages including important notes on downward compatibility and release dates, see the document
Understanding Kernel Releases for the SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP at http://scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-54170 .
Related Information
Downloading and Extracting the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 Archive [page 93]
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Using the Physical Media from the Installation Package [page 95]
Downloading SAP Kernel Archives (Archive-Based Installation) [page 97]
Downloading Complete Installation Media [page 101]
4.11.1 Downloading and Extracting the Software Provisioning
Manager 1.0 Archive
You must always download and extract the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 archive from the SAP Software
Download Center because you must use the latest version.
Context
You require the latest version of the SAPCAR tool to be able to unpack and verify software component archives
(*.SAR files). *.SAR is the format of software lifecycle media and tools that you can download from the SAP
Software Download Center. For more information about how to get this tool, see the Procedure section below.
An up-to-date version of the load tools - such as R3load, R3szchk, R3ldctl, SAPuptool - which were
available so far only in the SAPEXEDB.SAR archive of the kernel media, has now been made available in the
Software Provisioning Manager archive
(SWPM10SP<Support_Package_Number>_<Version_Number>.SAR), in a sub-archive named
LOADTOOLS.SAR, located in the COMMON/LOADTOOLS folder. For an installation using kernel version 7.40 or
higher, the load tools from the SWPM10SP<Support_Package_Number>_<Version_Number>.SAR are used
automatically instead of the loadtools available in the SAPEXEDB.SAR archive of the kernel media. There is no
action required from your side, the installer uses the relevant loadtools automatically once you run it from the
extracted SWPM10SP<Support_Package_Number>_<Version_Number>.SAR archive.
Procedure
1. Download the latest version of the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 archive
SWPM10SP<Support_Package_Number>_<Version_Number>.SAR from:
https://support.sap.com/sltoolset
System Provisioning
Download Software Provisioning
Manager
2. Make sure that you use the latest version of the SAPCAR tool when manually extracting the Software
Provisioning Manager archive.
Note
An older SAPCAR version might extract archive files in a wrong way and this could prevent the installer
from working consistently.
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Proceed as follows to get the latest version of SAPCAR:
a. Go to https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter
PATCHES
SUPPORT PACKAGES &
and search for “sapcar”.
b. Select the archive file for your operating system and download it to an empty directory.
c. Rename the executable to sapcar.exe.
For more information about SAPCAR, see SAP Note 212876
.
3. Using the latest version of SAPCAR, you can verify the signature of the downloaded
SWPM10SP<Support_Package_Number>_<Version_Number>.SAR archive as follows:
a. Get the latest version of the SAPCRYPTOLIB archive to your installation host as follows:
1. Go to https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter
PATCHES
SUPPORT PACKAGES &
and search for “sapcryptolib”.
2. Select the archive file for your operating system and download it to the same directory where you
have put the SAPCAR executable.
3. Use the following command to extract the SAPCRYPTOLIB archive to the same directory where
you have put the SAPCAR executable:
sapcar –xvf sapcryptolibp_84…sar –R <target directory>
4. Download the Certificate Revocation List from https://tcs.mysap.com/crl/crlbag.p7s
it to the same directory.
and move
b. Verify the signature of the downloaded
SWPM10SP<Support_Package_Number>_<Version_Number>.SAR archive by executing the
following command:
Note
Check SAP Notes 2178665
and 1680045
whether additional information is available.
/<Path to SAPCAR>/sapcar -tvVf <Path to Download Directory>/
SWPM10SP<Support_Package_Number>_<Version_Number>.SAR -crl<file name of
revocation list>
4. Unpack the Software Provisioning Manager archive to a local directory using the following command:
/<Path to SAPCAR>/sapcar -xvf <Path to Download Directory>/
SWPM10SP<Support_Package_Number>_<Version_Number>.SAR <Path to Unpack Directory>
Note
Make sure that all users have read permissions for the directory where you want to unpack the installer.
Caution
Make sure that you unpack the Software Provisioning Manager archive to a dedicated folder. Do not
unpack it to the same folder as other installation media.
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4.11.2 Using the Physical Media from the Installation
Package
This section describes how you use the physical installation media as part of the installation package.
Context
The signature of media is checked automatically by the installer during the Define Parameters phase while the
Media Browser screens are processed (see also Running the Installer [page 114] ). The installer only accepts
media whose signature has been checked. For more information, see SAP Note 2393060 .
Procedure
1. Identify the required media for your installation [page 22] as listed below.
SAP Instance
Required Software Packages from Installation Media
Installation
ABAP Central
○
Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 archive
services in­
○
UC or NUC Kernel (folder K_<Version>_<N or U>_<OS>) where U means Unicode and N
means non-Unicode.
stance (ASCS
instance)
Note
Every new installation of an SAP system is Unicode. You can only use the non-Unicode kernel
if you perform the system copy for a non-Unicode SAP system that has been upgraded to
the current release.
Database in­
○
Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 archive
stance
○
UC or NUC Kernel (folder K_<Version>_<N or U>_<OS>) where U means Unicode and N
means non-Unicode.
Note
Every new installation of an SAP system is Unicode. You can only use the non-Unicode kernel
if you perform the system copy for a non-Unicode SAP system that has been upgraded to
the current release.
○
Database client software
○
Installation Export (folders EXP*)
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SAP Instance
Required Software Packages from Installation Media
Installation
Enqueue Repli­
○
Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 archive
cation Server
○
UC or NUC Kernel (folder K_<Version>_<N or U>_<OS>) where U means Unicode and N
means non-Unicode.
Note
Every new installation of an SAP system is Unicode. You can only use the non-Unicode kernel
if you perform the system copy for a non-Unicode SAP system that has been upgraded to
the current release.
Primary appli­
○
Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 archive
cation server in­
○
UC or NUC Kernel (folder K_<Version>_<N or U>_<OS>) where U means Unicode and N
means non-Unicode.
stance
Note
Every new installation of an SAP system is Unicode. You can only use the non-Unicode kernel
if you perform the system copy for a non-Unicode SAP system that has been upgraded to
the current release.
○
SAP SCM only: SAP liveCache
○
Database Client Software
Additional ap­
○
Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 archive
plication server
○
UC or NUC Kernel (folder K_<Version>_<N or U>_<OS>) where U means Unicode and N
means non-Unicode.
instance
Note
If you install an additional application server instance in an existing non-Unicode system, the
additional application server instance is created automatically as a non-Unicode instance.
The installer checks whether a non-Unicode system exists and chooses the right executa­
bles for the system type.
○
SAP SCM only: SAP liveCache
○
Database Client Software
SAP Host Agent (Separate Installation Only)
SAP Instance Installation
SAP Host Agent (separate installation only)
Required Media
○
Software provisioning manager 1.0 archive
○
UC Kernel (folder K_<Version>_U_<OS>) where U
means Unicode.
2. Make the installation media available on each installation host as follows:
a. Download and unpack the latest version of Software Provisioning Manager as described in
Downloading and Extracting the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 Archive [page 93].
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b. Use the SAP HANA database client revision matching your HANA database. You can find the correct
database client here:
http://support.sap.com/swdc
Support Packages and Patches
Packages & Patches
By Alphabetical Index (A-Z)
PLATFORM EDIT. 1.0
Entry by Component
H
Software Downloads
SAP HANA PLATFORM EDITION
HANA client
Support
SAP HANA
SAP HANA CLIENT 1.00
<Application_Server_OS>
From here download and extract the correct file IMDB_CLIENT100_*.SAR.
Note
If you are unable to download the SAP HANA database client revision matching your HANA
database from SAP Service Marketplace or if the version there is no more recent than that on the
installation medium, you can use the version of the database client from the installation medium.
c. Make the media containing the software to be installed available.
You can do this in one of the following ways:
○ Copy the required media folders directly to the installation hosts.
○ Mount the media on a central media server that can be accessed from the installation hosts.
Caution
If you copy the media to disk, make sure that the paths to the destination location of the copied
media do not contain any blanks.
3. If you want to perform target system installation in the context of a heterogeneous system copy you need
a migration key. You can generate it at http://support.sap.com/migrationkey .
Related Information
Downloading and Extracting the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 Archive [page 93]
4.11.3 Downloading SAP Kernel Archives (Archive-Based
Installation)
As an alternative to downloading the complete SAP kernel media, you can also download exactly the SAP
kernel archives that are required for your installation. During the installation, you can either specify the path to
each archive separately, or provide the path to a download basket with all downloaded archives.
Context
The signature of installation archives is checked automatically by the installer [page 114] during the Define
Parameters phase while processing the Software Package Browser screens. The installer only accepts archives
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whose signature has been checked. After scanning the archives and verifying the signature, an info file is
written where you can find detailed information about matching and non-matching archive files. You can access
this info file by choosing the info file link in the Archive Scanning Result section of the Software Package
Browser screen. The info file contains only the results of the latest archive scan. For more information, see SAP
Note 2393060 .
Procedure
1. Download and unpack the latest version of Software Provisioning Manager as described in Downloading
and Extracting the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 Archive [page 93].
2. Go to https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter
SUPPORT PACKAGES & PATCHES
By Category
3. Choose the required software component, release, and technical stack:
○ If you want to install SAP S/4HANA <Release> Server , choose
SAP S/4HANA
SAP S/4HANA <Release>
SAP APPLICATION COMPONENTS
SAP S/4HANA SERVER
○ If you want to install AS ABAP for SAP SAP S/4HANA Frontend , choose
complementary products
AS ABAP FOR S/4HANA FRONTEND
SAP NetWeaver and
AS ABAP <Release> FOR S/4
HANA <Release>
○ If you want to install SAP BW/4HANA <Release> , choose
products
SAP BW/4HANA
SAP NetWeaver and complementary
SAP BW/4HANA <Release>
SAP BW/4HANA SERVER
○ If you want to install SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52, choose
products
NW AS ABAP INNOVATION PKG
SAP NetWeaver and complementary
NW AS ABAP 7.52
○ If you want to install SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.51 innovation package, choose
and complementary products
NW AS ABAP INNOVATION PKG
SAP NetWeaver
NW AS ABAP 7.51 INNOVATION
PKG
○ If you want to install AS ABAP FOR OOEM, choose
SAP NetWeaver and complementary products
SAP NETWEAVER ABAP FOR OOEM
○ If you want to install SAP NetWeaver Mobile 7.1, choose
products
SAP NETWEAVER MOBILE
<Release>
SAP NetWeaver and complementary
Entry by Component
○ If you want to install an SAP NetWeaver ABAP system, choose
products
SAP NetWeaver
<Release>
SAP NetWeaver and complementary
[For releases lower than 7.5: Entry by Component]
Application Server ABAP
○ If you want to install an SAP Business Suite system based on SAP NetWeaver, choose
Application Components
by Component
<SAP CRM | SAP ERP | SAP SCM | SAP SRM>
SAP
<Release>
Entry
<ABAP Product Instance>
4. Choose the required package:
Note
If you perform an additional application server installation, kernel archives - such as
SAPEXE<Version>.SAR, SAPEXEDB<Version>.SAR, IGSEXE<Version>.SAR,
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igshelper<version>.sar - are only prompted if they cannot be retrieved from the primary
application server instance or the ASCS instance of the existing SAP system.
Caution
○ Make sure that you always use the highest available patch level unless special patch levels are
.
specified for the relevant package in SAP Note 1680045
○ Make sure that you always choose SAPEXE<Version>.SAR, SAPEXEDB<Version>.SAR of the
same SAP kernel release and extension.
Example
○ If SAPEXE<Version>.SAR is of version 7.42 EXT, then SAPEXEDB<Version>.SAR must
also be of version 7.42 EXT.
○ If SAPEXE<Version>.SAR is of version 7.45, then SAPEXEDB<Version>.SAR must also be
of version 7.45.
○ If you provide the archives in one download folder, and there is more than one version of the same
archive available - for example SAPEXE<Version>.SAR - and these versions match the productspecific requirements, the installer selects one of these archive versions. If you want a specific
archive version to be used, make sure that this is the only version available in the download folder.
When running system provisioning in GUI mode, you can also check in the GUI which archive is
being used. So even if there is more than one version of the same archive available in the download
folder, you can select the exact archive version you want to use and enter the exact path to the
required archive file.
○ SAPEXE<Version>.SAR
SAP KERNEL <Version> <UC>
<Operating System>
#DATABASE INDEPENDENT
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52 or higher, you can
only choose 7.49 UNICODE for SAP KERNEL <Version>.
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.51 innovation
package or higher, you can either choose 7.45 or 7.49 UNICODE for SAP KERNEL <Version>.
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5, you can either choose 7.45 or
7.49 UNICODE for SAP KERNEL <Version>.
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4, you can choose either 7.45 or
7.42 for SAP KERNEL <Version>.
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver 7.3 EHP1 or lower, choose 7.21 EXT
for SAP KERNEL <Version>.
○ SAPEXEDB<Version>.SAR
Choose the version corresponding to the SAPEXE<Version>.SAR from
<UC>
<Operating System>
SAP KERNEL <Version>
<DATABASE>
○ igsexe<version>.sar
SAP IGS <Version>
<Operating System>
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.52,
choose
SAP IGS <7.49 or 7.53>
# OS independent
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○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
innovation package, choose
SAP IGS <7.45 or 7.49>
# OS independent
, depending on
your SAPEXE<Version>.SAR version.
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5, choose
7.49>
# OS independent
SAP IGS <7.45 or
, depending on your SAPEXE<Version>.SAR version.
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and your
SAPEXE<Version>.SAR is of version <7.45 or 7.49>, then choose
7.49>
# OS independent
choose
SAP IGS <7.45 or
, depending on your SAPEXE<Version>.SAR version.. Otherwise,
SAP IGS 7.20_EXT
# OS independent
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver 7.3 EHP1, choose
7.20_EXT
SAP IGS
# OS independent
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver 7.3 or lower and use SAP kernel
7.21_EXT, choose
SAP IGS 7.20_EXT
<Operating System>
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver 7.3 or lower and use SAP kernel 7.21,
choose
SAP IGS 7.20
<Operating System>
○ igshelper<version>.sar
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver 7.3 EHP1 or higher, choose
IGS HELPER
SAP
# OS independent
○ If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver 7.3 or lower, choose
SAP IGS 7.20
<Operating System>
○ SAPHOSTAGENT<Version>.SAR
SAP HOST AGENT 7.21
<Operating System>
Recommendation
It is highly recommended that you always choose the highest SP version of the SAPHOSTAGENT<SPversion>.SAR archive.
Note
The SAPHOSTAGENT<Version>.SAR archive is only prompted if there is either no SAP Host Agent
available on the installation host or you specified during the Define Parameters phase that you want
to upgrade an existing version of the SAP Host Agent already available on the installation host. In
the latter case, you must specify a higher version of the SAPHOSTAGENT<Version>.SAR .Otherwise
the existing SAP Host Agent is not upgraded.
5. If you want to install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver 7.3 EHP1 or lower - that is you have to use
SAP kernel 7.21 - download the latest patch level of SAPCRYPTOLIB <Version>.SAR from the following
path:
https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter
Additional Components
SAPCRYPTOLIB
Support Packages and Patches
COMMONCRYPTOLIB<Version>
By Category
<Operating
System>
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6. Make the physical media required for the database installation available either by using physical media as
described in Using the Physical Media from the Installation Package [page 95] or by downloading them as
described in Downloading Complete Installation Media [page 101].
4.11.4 Downloading Complete Installation Media
This section describes how you can download complete media from the SAP Software Download Center.
Procedure
1. Download and unpack the latest version of Software Provisioning Manager as described in Downloading
and Extracting the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 Archive [page 93].
2. Create a download directory on the host where you want to run the installer.
3. You identify the required media als listed in Using the Physical Media from the Installation Package [page
95] .
4. Identify all download objects that belong to one medium according to one of the following:
Note
Installation media might be split into several files. In this case, you have to reassemble the required files
after the download.
○ Download path or location:
○ To download the complete kernel media, go to https://support.sap.com/sltoolset
Provisioning
Software Provisioning Manager 1.0 SP<Current Version>
releases delivered for SL Toolset
System
Download Kernel
SL TOOLSET 1.0 (INSTALLATIONS AND UPGRADES)
KERNEL
FOR INSTALLATION/SWPM .
○ To download all media required for your SAP product, you can use one of the following navigation
paths:
○ https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter
By Category
INSTALLATIONS & UPGRADES
SAP NETWEAVER AND COMPLEMENTARY PRODUCTS
<Product>
<Product Release>
○ https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter
By Alphabetical Index (A-Z)
INSTALLATIONS & UPGRADES
<First Letter of Product>
<Product>
<Product
Release>
○ Material number
All download objects that are part of an installation medium have the same material number and an
individual sequence number:
<Material_Number>_<Sequence_Number>
Example
51031387_1
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51031387_2
...
○ Title
All objects that are part of an installation medium have the same title, such as
<Solution><Media_Name><OS> or <Database>RDBMS<OS> for database media.
5. Download the objects to the download directory.
6. To correctly re-combine the media that are split into small parts, unpack all parts into the same directory.
In the unpacking directory, the system creates a subdirectory with a short text describing the medium and
copies the data into it. The data is now all in the correct directory, the same as on the medium that was
physically produced. For more information, see SAP Note 1258173 .
Caution
Make sure that you unpack each installation media to a separate folder. Do not unpack installation
media to the same folder where you unpack the Software Provisioning Manager archive.
Do not unpack installation media to the same folder where you unpack the SAP kernel archives for
archive-based installation.
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5
Installation
5.1
Installation Checklist
This section includes the installation steps for the following:
● Standard system
● Distributed system
● High-availability system
● Additional application server instance
Detailed information about the steps are available in the linked sections.
Note
The SAP HANA database is normally pre-installed by SAP partners before you start the installation. For
more information about how to install the SAP HANA database, see the SAP HANA Server Installation and
Update Guide at https://help.sap.com/hana_platform
Installation and Upgrade . The contents of the
database instance are remotely installed by SoftwareProvisioning Manager (the “installer”) from the primary
application server host.
However, on Linux you can install SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 or higher on the same host as
the SAP HANA database - that is as a standard system [page 22] - without applying additional environment
settings. For more information, see SAP Note 1953429 .
Standard System
1. You check the prerequisites [page 111] and run the installer [page 114] to install the SAP system.
Note
In a standard system, all mandatory instances except the database instance are installed on one host.
2. You continue with Post-Installation [page 128].
Distributed System
1. If you want to share the transport directory trans from another system, you have to mount [page 108] it
from this system. Otherwise, we recommend that you share the trans directory that is created during the
installation of the primary application server instance.
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2. On the ASCS instance host, you do the following:
1. You check the prerequisites [page 111] and run the installer [page 114] to install the ABAP central
services instance (ASCS instance).
Note
If you want to install an ASCS instance with integrated SAP Web Dispatcher [page 29] or with
integrated SAP Gateway [page 31] or both, you must choose the Custom parameter mode.
When processing the screens for the ASCS instance installation, you are prompted to mark the
corresponding checkbox on the screen Additional Components to be Included in the ASCS Instance.
If you mark the checkbox for SAP Web Dispatcher, you are prompted for the additional parameters
required for the SAP Web Dispatcher installation on the subsequent screens.
2. You export global directories [page 109] in <sapmnt>/<SAPSID> to the database and primary
application server instance host.
3. On the primary application server instance host, you do the following:
1. You mount the global directories [page 109] in <sapmnt>/<SAPSID> that you exported from the SAP
global host.
2. You check the prerequisites [page 111] and run the installer [page 114] to install the contents of the
database instance and then the primary application server instance.
3. If you want to use the shared transport directory trans from another system, you also mount [page
108] this directory.
4. You continue with Post-Installation [page 128].
Graphical Overview
The following figure shows how you install the various instances in a distributed system:
Distribution of Instances in an ABAP System
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High-Availability System
1. You make sure that you have already prepared the standby node, host B. You ought to have already made
sure that it meets the hardware and software requirements and that it has all the necessary file systems,
mount points, and (if required) Network File System (NFS).
This is described in Performing Switchover Preparations for High Availability [page 89] and Setting Up File
Systems for a High Availability System [page 85]
2. If you want to share the transport directory trans from another system, you have to mount [page 108] it
from this system. Otherwise we recommend that you share the trans directory that is created during the
installation of the primary application server instance (see below).
3. You set up the switchover cluster infrastructure as follows:
Note
The following procedure is an example. In this example, we use only one primary cluster node, host A,
and one standby cluster node, host B.
If required, you can also install the ASCS instance and the SCS instance on different hosts.
In this case, you require:
○ At least one primary cluster node, host A1, for the primary node with the ASCS instance, and at
least one primary cluster node, host A2, for the primary node with the SCS instance.
○ At least one standby node, host B1, for the primary node with the ASCS instance, and at least one
standby node, host B2, for the primary node with the SCS instance.
1. You check the prerequisites [page 111] and run the installer [page 114] to install the ABAP central
services instance (ASCS instance) on the primary cluster node, host A. Use a virtual host name [page
89].
Note
If you want to install an ASCS instance with integrated SAP Web Dispatcher [page 29] or with
integrated SAP Gateway [page 31] or both, you must choose the Custom parameter mode.
When processing the screens for the ASCS instance installation, you are prompted to mark the
corresponding checkbox on the screen Additional Components to be Included in the ASCS Instance.
If you mark the checkbox for SAP Web Dispatcher, you are prompted for the additional parameters
required for the SAP Web Dispatcher installation on the subsequent screens.
2. You check the prerequisites [page 111] and run the installer [page 114] to install the enqueue
replication server instance (ERS instance) for the ASCS instance on the primary cluster node, host A.
Use a virtual host name [page 89].
3. You export global directories [page 109] in <sapmnt>/<SAPSID> to the database host and to the
primary application server instance host.
4. You prepare the standby cluster node, host B, making sure that it meets the hardware and software
requirements [page 38] and it has all the necessary file systems [page 85], mount points, and (if
required) Network File System (NFS).
5. You set up the user environment on the standby node, host B:
○ You use the same user and group IDs as on the primary node.
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○ You create the home directories of users and copy all files from the home directory of the primary
node.
For more information about the required operating system users and groups, see Creating Operating
System Users [page 74].
6. You configure the switchover software and test that switchover functions correctly to all standby nodes
in the cluster.
7. You repeat the following steps until you have finished installing the enqueue replication server (ERS
instance) on all nodes in the cluster:
1. You perform the switchover to a node where you want to install the enqueue replication server
instance (ERS instance) for the ASCS instance.
2. You check the prerequisites [page 111] and run the installer [page 114] to install the enqueue
replication server instance (ERS instance) for the ASCS instance on the standby node, host B.
4. We recommend you to install additional application server (AS) instances to create redundancy.
The AS instances are not a SPOF. Therefore, do not include these instances in the cluster.
5. You continue with Post-Installation [page 128].
Graphical Overview
The following figure provides an overview of how you install the various instances in a high-availability
installation:
Distribution of Instances in a High-Availability ABAP System
Additional Application Server Instance
Installation Steps for Additional Application Server Instances for a Standard System
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1. If you want to install additional application server instances on a host different from the SAP system host,
you export global directories in <sapmnt>/<SAPSID> to the hosts on which you want to install additional
application server instances.
2. On every additional application server instance host, you do the following:
1. If you want to install additional application server instances on a host different from the SAP system
host, you mount the global directories [page 109] in <sapmnt>/<SAPSID> that you exported from the
SAP system host.
2. You check the prerequisites [page 111] and run the installer [page 114] to install the additional
application server instance.
3. You continue with Post-Installation [page 128].
Installation Steps for an Application Server Instance for a Distributed System
1. If you want to share the transport directory trans from another system, you have to mount [page 108] it
from this system. Otherwise, we recommend that you share the trans directory that is created during the
installation of the primary application server instance.
2. On the SAP global host, you export global directories in <sapmnt>/<SAPSID> to the hosts on which you
want to install additional application server instances.
3. On every additional application server instance host, you do the following:
1. You mount the global directories [page 109] in <sapmnt>/<SAPSID> that you exported from the SAP
global host.
2. You check the prerequisites [page 111] and run the installer [page 114] to install the additional
application server instance.
3. If you want to use the shared transport directory trans from another system, also mount [page 108]
this directory.
4. You continue with Post-Installation [page 128].
Installation Steps for an Additional Application Server Instance for a High-Availability System
1. If you want to share the transport directory trans from another system, you have to mount [page 108] it
from this system. Otherwise, we recommend that you share the trans directory that is created during the
installation of the primary application server instance.
2. On the primary node, host A, of the switchover cluster infrastructure, you export global directories in
<sapmnt>/<SAPSID> to the hosts on which you want to install additional application server instances.
3. On each additional application server instance host, do the following:
1. You mount the global directories [page 109] in <sapmnt>/<SAPSID> that you exported from the SAP
global host.
2. You check the prerequisites [page 111] and run the installer [page 114] to install the additional
application server instance.
3. If you want to use the shared transport directory trans from another system, you also mount [page
108] this directory.
4. You continue with Post-Installation [page 128].
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5.2
Exporting and Mounting the Transport Directory
Every SAP system must be assigned to a transport directory. All application server instances of an SAP system
must point to the same transport directory.
Context
Multiple SAP system can use the same transport directory. However, it is not required to have one global
transport directory in your SAP system landscape. Depending on your security requirements, you must decide
how you want to set up the transport directories in your landscape. Systems with lower security requirements
can share a transport directory (DEV, QA, for example). For systems with higher security requirements (PROD,
for example), you might want to have a separate transport directory.
The transport directory is used by the Change and Transport System (CTS). The CTS helps you to organize
development projects, and then transport the changes between the SAP systems in your system landscape.
For more information, see the SAP Library at:
Release
●
SAP Library Path
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
Application Help
http://help.sap.com/nw73
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package 1
http://help.sap.com/nw731
●
●
Application Server
Function-Oriented View: English
Application Server ABAP
Administration of Application Server ABAP
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
Transport System
http://help.sap.com/nw74
Overview
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
Transport Management System - Concept
Change and
Change and Transport System -
Basics of the Change and Transport System
http://help.sap.com/nw75
●
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
●
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
Consider the following:
● If the transport directory already exists, make sure that it is exported on the transport directory host and
mount it on the SAP instance installation host.
● If the transport directory does not exist, proceed as follows:
○ Create the transport directory (either on the host where the primary application server instance is
running or on a file server).
○ Export it on the transport directory host.
○ If you did not create the transport directory on your SAP instance installation host, mount it there.
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Procedure
1. Exporting the Transport Directory
a. Log on as user root to the host where the transport directory /usr/sap/trans resides.
b. Make sure that /usr/sap/trans belongs to the group sapsys and to the user root.
c. If not already done, export the directory using Network File System (NFS).
2. Mounting the Transport Directory
Note
If the transport directory resides on your local SAP instance installation host, you do not need to mount
it.
a. Create the mount point /usr/sap/trans.
b. Mount /usr/sap/trans using Network File System (NFS) from the exporting host.
Related Information
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for Linux [page 173]
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for AIX [page 171]
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for Oracle Solaris [page 175]
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for HP-UX [page 172]
5.3
Exporting and Mounting Global Directories
If you install an additional application server instance on a host other than the SAP global host, mount global
directories from the SAP global host.
Prerequisites
If you want to install the executables locally instead of sharing them, do not mount the exe directory with
Network File System (NFS). Instead, create <sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/exe as a local directory (not a link) with a
minimum of 1.5 GB free space.
Context
There is no need to create the directories before the installation when you install a primary application server
instance. The global directories must be exported only if you install additional application server instances.
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Procedure
1. Log on to the SAP global host as user root and export the following directories with read/write access for
the root user to the host where you want to install the new instance:
<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/exe
<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/profile
<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/global
2. Log on to the host of the new instance that you want to install as user root.
3. Create the following mount points and mount them from the SAP global host:
<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/exe
<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/profile
<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/global
Caution
Make sure that the mount points under /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/ are permanent. Otherwise automatic
start of the instance services does not work when you reboot the system.
Related Information
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for Linux [page 173]
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for AIX [page 171]
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for Oracle Solaris [page 175]
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for HP-UX [page 172]
5.4
Specifying the Initial Data Source of the User
Management Engine
During the installation of your SAP system, you have to specify the initial data source of the User Management
Engine (UME).
Prerequisites
You have planned how you want to configure user and access management for your SAP system to be installed
as described in Planning User and Access Management [page 50].
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Using Central User Management
1. You install your SAP system as described in this installation guide.
2. Add the system to Central User Administration (CUA). For more information, see Configuring User
Management [page 150].
Using an LDAP directory as Source for User Data
1. You install your SAP system as described in this installation guide.
2. Configure the user management of the newly installed SAP system to use an LDAP directory.
For more information, see Configuring User Management [page 150].
5.5
Prerequisites for Running the Installer
Make sure you fulfil the following prerequisites before running the installer.
● For the SL Common GUI, make sure that the following web browser requirements are met:
○ You have one of the following supported browsers on the device where you want to run the SL
Common GUI: Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, or Microsoft Internet Explorer 11.
Always use the latest version of these web browsers.
Recommendation
We recommend using Google Chrome.
○ If you copy the SL Common GUI URL manually in the browser window, make sure that you open a new
Web browser window in private browsing mode (Internet Explorer), incognito mode (Chrome) or
private browsing mode (Firefox). This is to prevent Web browser plugins and settings from interfering
with the SL Common GUI.
For more information about the SL Common GUI, see Useful Information About the Installer [page 120].
● If you want to enable Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6), make sure that you set SAP_IPv6_ACTIVE=1 in
the environment of the user with root authorization which you use to start the installer. While running the
installer, this setting is then also added to the environment of the <sapsid>adm user.
Note
By applying this setting the SAP system administrator is responsible for configuring the IP version on
each host of the system landscape, before installing any additional instance to it.
● We recommend that you use the csh shell for the installation. If you want to use another shell, make sure
that you have read SAP Note 202227 .
The installer uses csh scripts during the installation to obtain the environment for user <sapsid>adm.
This is also true if user <sapsid>adm already exists from an earlier SAP system installation, and the shell
of this user is not csh. Before you start the installer, execute the following command as user <sapsid>adm
to make sure that the csh scripts are up-to-date:
/bin/csh -c "source /home/<sapsid>adm/.cshrc;env"
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● Make sure that your operating system does not delete the contents of the temporary directory /tmp or the
contents of the directories to which the variables TEMP, TMP, or TMPDIR point, for example by using a
crontab entry.
Make sure that the temporary directory has the permissions 777.
● Make sure that you have at least 300 MB of free space in the installation directory for each installation
option. In addition, you need 300 MB free space for the installer executables. If you cannot provide 300 MB
free space in the temporary directory, you can set one of the environment variables TEMP, TMP, or TMPDIR
to another directory with 300 MB free space for the installer executables.
You can set values for the TEMP, TMP, or TMPDIR environment variable to an alternative installation
directory as described in section Useful Information About the Installer [page 120].
● Make sure that umask is set to 022 for the user with root permissions that you want to use for running the
installer.
As the user with root permissions that you want to use for running the installer, enter the following
command: umask 022
●
Only valid for 'Platform': AIX
AIX: Make sure that you have set the limits for operating system users as described in SAP Note 323816
.
End of 'Platform': AIX
●
Only valid for 'Platform': HP-UX, Linux, Oracle Solaris
HP-UX, Linux, Oracle-Solaris: Make sure that you have set the limits for operating system users root,
<sapsid>adm, and your database-specific operating system users (see also section "Creating Operating
System Users and Groups" and "Running the Installer" in the installation guide).
Caution
Caution: the limit mechanism supports hard- and soft-limits. The soft-limit cannot be bigger than the
hard-limit. The hard-limit can be set/increased by the root user like: limit -h <limit>
<new_value>, for example limit -h datasize unlimited .
○ Using csh shell, the output of command limit needs to be at least as follows:
Example
The following table lists example output taken from SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 (x86_64).
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Output
Properties
cputime
unlimited
filesize
unlimited
datasize
unlimited
stacksize
8192 KB
coredumpsize
unlimited
descriptors
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Properties
memoryuse
unlimited
○ Using sh or ksh shell, the output of command ulimit -a needs to be at least as follows:
Example
The following table lists example output taken from SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 (x86_64).
Output sh
Output ksh
Properties
cpu time (seconds)
cpu time (seconds)
unlimited
file size (blocks)
file size (blocks)
unlimited
data seg size (kbytes)
data size (Kibytes)
unlimited
stack size (kbytes)
stack size (Kibytes)
8192 KB
core file size (blocks)
core file size (blocks)
unlimited
open files
nofile
8192
max memory size (kbytes)
max memory size (Kibytes)
unlimited
End of 'Platform': HP-UX, Linux, Oracle Solaris
● Make sure that you have defined the most important SAP system parameters as described in Basic
Installation Parameters [page 51] before you start the installation.
● Check that your installation host meets the requirements for the installation options that you want to
install.
For more information, see Running the Prerequisite Checker [page 39].
● Make sure that the database is up and running before starting the installation.
● If you want to install an additional application server instance in an existing SAP system, make sure that:
○ There is exactly one entry in the /usr/sap/sapservices file for each SAP instance installed on this
host. Be sure to check that the entry refers to the correct profile.
○ There are no profile backup files with an underscore “_” in their profile name. If so, replace the “_” with
a “.”.
Example
Rename /usr/sap/S14/SYS/profile/S14_D20_zsi-aix693p2_D20081204
to /usr/sap/S14/SYS/profile/S14_DVEBMGS20_zsi-aix693p2.D20081204.
● Make sure that the following ports are not used by other processes:
○ Port 4237 is used by default as HTTPS port for communication between the installer and the SL
Common GUI.
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If this port cannot be used, you can assign a free port number by executing sapinst with the following
command line parameter:
SAPINST_HTTPS_PORT=<Free Port Number>
○ Port 4239 is used by default for displaying the feedback evaluation form at the end of the installer
processing.
The filled-out evaluation form is then sent to SAP using HTTPS.
If this port cannot be used, you can assign a free port number by executing sapinst with the following
command line parameter:
SAPINST_HTTP_PORT=<Free Port Number>
5.6
Running the Installer
This section describes how to run the installation tool Software Provisioning Manager (the “installer” for short).
Prerequisites
For more information, see Prerequisites for Running the Installer [page 111].
Context
Software Provisioning Manager (the “installer” for short) has a web browser-based GUI named “SL Common
GUI of the Software Provisioning Manager” - “SL Common GUI” for short.
This procedure describes an installation where you run the installer and use the SL Common GUI, that is you
can control the processing of the installer from a browser running on any device.
For more information about the SL Common GUI, see Useful Information About the Installer [page 120].
Procedure
1. Log on to the installation host as a user with root permissions.
Caution
Make sure that the user with root permissions that you want to use for running the installer has not set
any environment variables for a different SAP system or database.
If your security policy requires that the person running the installer is not allowed to know the credentials
of a user with root permissions on the installation host, you can specify another operating system user for
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authentication purposes. You do this using the SAPINST_REMOTE_ACCESS_USER parameter when starting
the sapinst executable from the command line. You have to confirm that the user is a trusted one. For
more information, see SAP Note 1745524
.
2. Make the installation media available.
For more information, see Preparing the Installation Media [page 91] .
Note
Even if you use the complete SAP kernel media, the installer might prompt you during the provisioning
process for additional archives (*.SAR files) due to special Patch Level (PL) requirements depending on
categories such as the product, operating system, and database platform.
For example: The installer might require a certain PL of <X> of the SAPEXEDB.SAR (for DBTYPE <Y>),
but this PL of the SAPEXEDB.SAR is not contained in the SAP kernel media . In this case you have to
following the
download the required PL from https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter
instructions given in Downloading SAP Kernel Archives (Archive-Based Installation) [page 97].
Recommendation
Make the installation media available locally . For example, if you use Network File System (NFS),
reading from media mounted with NFS might fail.
Only valid for 'Platform': Oracle Solaris
Note
Oracle Solaris: If you mount installation media, make sure that you do this with option nomaplcase.
End of 'Platform': Oracle Solaris
3. Start the installer from the directory to which you unpacked the Software Provisioning Manager archive by
entering the following commands:
<Path_To_Unpack_Directory>/sapinst
Note
If you are using a stack configuration file (see Installation Using a Stack Configuration File (Optional)
[page 36]), you have to call the sapinst executable with command line parameter
SAPINST_STACK_XML=<Absolute_Path_To_Stack_XML_File>:
/<Path_To_Unpack Directory>/sapinst
SAPINST_STACK_XML=<Absolute_Path_To_Stack_XML_File>
Note
If you need to assign a virtual host name to the instance to be installed and you do not want to assign it
by entering it as a parameter using the installer screens (see SAP System Parameters [page 53]), you
can alternatively assign it by starting the installer with the SAPINST_USE_HOSTNAME property:
<Path_To_Unpack_Directory>/sapinst SAPINST_USE_HOSTNAME=<Virtual_Host_Name>
For more information, see Using Virtual Host Names [page 89].
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Note
If you want to set the connectivity data for your SAP HANA database, you can add parameters when
calling sapinst as follows (for more information, see Setting Connectivity Data for the SAP HANA
Database [page 73]):
○ Global hdbuserstore container
/<Path_To_Unpack Directory>/sapinst HDB_USE_IDENT=SYSTEM_<SID>
You do not have to set HDB_USER_IDENT to the suggested value SYSTEM_<SID>. If you prefer, you
can use the characters A-z, 0-9, or _.
○ ABAP secure storage in the file system (SSFS) – only available for SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and higher:
/<Path_To_Unpack Directory>/sapinst HDB_ABAP_SSFS=YES
Note
If you are running a system copy with parallel export/import using the Migration Monitor and started the
export with command line option SUPPORT_DECLUSTERING=false, you have to start the installer for
the installation of the target database instance with command line option
SUPPORT_DECLUSTERING=true for the import during the target system installation.
For more information, see the system copy guides at http://support.sap.com/sltoolset
Provisioning
System Copy Option
System
Guide for Systems Based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 & Higher
4. The installer is starting up.
The installer now starts and waits for the connection with the SL Common GUI.
You can find the URL you require to access the SL Common GUI at the bottom of the shell from which you
are running the installer.
...
************************************************************************
Open your browser and paste the following URL address to access the GUI
https://[<hostname>]:4237/sapinst/docs/index.html
Logon users: [<users>]
************************************************************************
...
If you have a supported web browser (see Prerequisites for Running the Installer [page 111]) installed on
the host where you run the installer, you can open this URL directly in the shell. Otherwise open the URL in
a supported web browser that runs on another device.
The SL Common GUI opens in the browser by displaying the Welcome screen.
Note
Before you reach the Welcome screen, your browser might warn you that the certificate of the sapinst
process on this computer could not be verified. Accept this warning to inform your browser that it can
trust this site, even if the certificate could not be verified.
5. On the Welcome screen, choose the required option:
○ Perform preparations
Go to
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<Database>
Preparations
and choose the required task.
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○ Install an SAP system:
○ To install an SAP system based on SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP, choose
<Product>
<Database>
Installation
Application Server ABAP
<System_Variant> .
○ To install the application server ABAP for an SAP Process Integration system based on SAP
NetWeaver 7.5, choose
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
ABAP for SAP Process Integration
<Database>
Installation
Application Server
<System Variant> .
○ To install the application server ABAP for an SAP Solution Manager 7.2 system, choose
Solution Manager 7.2 <Support_Release>
<Support_Release>
<Database>
SAP
SAP Solution Manager 7.2 ABAP
SAP System
Application Server ABAP
<System
Variant> .
○ Install an additional application server instance
Go to
<Product>
<Database>
Additional SAP System Instances
Additional Application
Server Instance .
○ Perform other tasks or install additional components
Go to
Generic Options
<Database>
and choose the required task.
6. Choose Next.
Note
If there are errors during the self-extraction process of the installer, you can find the log file
dev_selfex.out in the temporary directory.
7. Follow the instructions on the installer screens and enter the required parameters.
Note
To find more information on each parameter during the Define Parameters phase, position the cursor on
the required parameter input field , and choose either F1 or the HELP tab. Then the available help text
is displayed in the HELP tab.
Note
If you want to install an ASCS instance with integrated SAP Web Dispatcher [page 29] or with integrated
SAP Gateway [page 31] or both, you must choose the Custom parameter mode.
When processing the screens for the ASCS instance installation, you are prompted to mark the
corresponding checkbox on the screen Additional Components to be Included in the ASCS Instance.
If you mark the checkbox for SAP Web Dispatcher, you are prompted for the additional parameters
required for the SAP Web Dispatcher installation on the subsequent screens.
Note
If you are performing the target system installation in the context of a system copy with parallel export/
import using the Migration Monitor and the target database is declustered - that is you started the
installer for the target database instance installation with command line option
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SUPPORT_DECLUSTERING=true as described above - add the following load options parameter in the
SAP System Advanced Load Configuration screen:
-datacodepage <datacodepage_of_source_system>
The advanced screen for load configuration only appears if you run the installer in Custom parameter
mode. You can check the parameter within the import_monitor_cmd.properties file located in the
installation directory, in the loadArgs entry.
For more information, see the system copy guides at http://support.sap.com/sltoolset
Provisioning
System Copy Option
System
Guide for Systems Based on SAP NetWeaver 7.1 & Higher
Caution
The signature of media and installation archives is checked automatically during the Define Parameters
phase while processing the Media Browser and - if you perform an archive-based installation - the
Software Package Browser screens.
Keep in mind that this automatic check is only committed once and not repeated if you modify artefacts
such as SAR archives or files on the media after the initial check has been done. This means that - if you
modify artefacts later on either during the remaining Define Parameters phase or later on during the
Execute Service phase - the signature is not checked again.
See also the description of this new security feature in SAP Note 2393060
.
After you have entered all requested input parameters, the installer displays the Parameter Summary
screen. This screen shows both the parameters that you entered and those that the installer set by default.
If required, you can revise the parameters before starting the installation.
8. To start the installation, choose Next.
The installer starts the installation and displays the progress of the installation. When the installation has
finished, the installer shows the message: Execution of <Option_Name> has completed.
Only valid for 'Platform': HP-UX
Caution
HP-UX only: If you decided to use 02 as the instance number, the instance fails to start during the
installation process. For more information about the cause, see SAP System Parameters [page 53] . You
have to manually change the port number for report RSLGCOLL to continue with the installation.
Proceed as follows:
1. Go to directory /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/profile.
2. Edit DEFAULT.PFL.
3. Set the parameter rslg/collect_daemon/listen_port to a free port number.
End of 'Platform': HP-UX
9. If required, delete directories with the name sapinst_exe.xxxxxx.xxxx after the installer has finished.
Sometimes these directories remain in the temporary directory.
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Recommendation
Keep all installation directories until you are sure that the system, including all instances, is completely
and correctly installed. Once the system is completely and correctly installed, make a copy of the
installation directories with all their contents and save it to a physically separate medium, such as an
optical media or a USB drive separate from your installation hosts. This might be useful for analyzing
issues occurring later when you use the system. For security reasons, do not keep installation
directories on installation hosts, but make sure that you delete them after saving them separately.
10. For security reasons, we recommend that you delete the .sapinst directory within the home directory of
the user with which you ran the installer:
<User_Home>/.sapinst/
11. If you copied the installer software to your hard disk, you can delete these files when the installation has
successfully completed.
12. For security reasons, we recommend that you remove the operating system users from the group sapinst
after you have completed the installation.
Note
This step is only required, if you did not specify during the Define Parameters phase that the operating
system users are to be removed from the group sapinst after the execution of the installer has
completed.
5.7
Additional Information About the Installer
The following sections provide additional information about the installer.
Useful Information About the Installer [page 120]
This section contains some useful technical background information about the installer and the
installer GUI.
Interrupted Processing of the Installer [page 121]
Here you find information about how to restart the installer if its processing has been interrupted.
Entries in the Services File Created by the Installer [page 124]
Troubleshooting with the Installer [page 125]
This section tells you how to proceed when errors occur while the installer is running.
Using the Step State Editor (SAP Support Experts Only) [page 126]
This section describes how to use the Step State Editor available in the installer.
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5.7.1 Useful Information About the Installer
This section contains some useful technical background information about the installer and the installer GUI.
● Software Provisioning Manager (the “installer” for short) has the web browser-based “SL Common GUI of
the Software Provisioning Manager” - “SL Common GUI” for short.
The SL Common GUI uses the SAP UI Development Toolkit for HTML5 - also known as SAPUI5 - a clientside HTML5 rendering library based on JavaScript. The benefits of this new user interface technology for
the user are:
○ Zero foot print, since only a web browser is required on the client
○ New controls and functionality, for example, view logs in web browser.
The SL Common GUI connects the web browser on a client with the sapinst executable - which is part of
Software Provisioning Manager - running on the installation host using the standard protocol HTTPS.
For the SL Common GUI the installer provides a pre-generated URL at the bottom of the shell from which
you are running the installer . If you have a supported web browser installed on the host where you run the
installer, you can start the SL Common GUI directly from this URL. Otherwise, open a web browser
supported by the SL Common GUI on any device and run the URL from there.
For more information about supported web browsers see Prerequisites for Running the Installer [page 111].
If you need to run the SL Common GUI in accessibility mode, apply the standard accessibility functions of
your web browser.
● As soon as you have started the sapinst executable, the installer creates a .sapinst directory
underneath the /home/<User> directory where it keeps its log files. <User> is the user with which you
have started the installer.
After you have reached the Welcome screen and selected the relevant installer option for the SAP system
or instance to be installed , the installer creates a directory sapinst_instdir where it keeps its log files,
and which is located directly below the temporary directory. The installer finds the temporary directory by
checking the value of the TEMP, TMP, or TMPDIR environment variable. If no value is set for these variables,
the installer uses /tmp by default.
All log files which have been stored so far in the .sapinst folder are moved to the sapinst_instdir
directory as soon as the latter has been created.
If you want the sapinst_instdir directory to be created in another directory than /tmp, set the
environment variable TEMP, TMP, or TMPDIR to this directory before you start the installer.
Shell Used
Command
Bourne shell (sh)
TEMP=<Directory>
export TEMP
C shell (csh)
setenv TEMP <Directory>
Korn shell (ksh)
export TEMP=<Directory>
Caution
Make sure that the installation directory is not mounted with NFS, or there might be problems when the
Java Virtual Machine is started.
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Recommendation
We recommend that you keep all installation directories until the system is completely and correctly
installed.
● The installer extracts itself to the temporary directory. These executables are deleted again after the
installer has stopped running.
Directories called sapinst_exe.xxxxxx.xxxx sometimes remain in the temporary directory after the
installer has finished. You can safely delete them.
The temporary directory also contains the log file dev_selfex.out from the self-extraction process of
the installer, which might be useful if an error occurs.
Caution
If the installer cannot find a temporary directory, the installation terminates with the error FCO-00058.
● To see a list of all available installer properties, start the installer as described above with the option -p:
./sapinst -p
● If you want to perform an installation in unattended mode, see SAP Note 2230669
improved procedure using inifile.params.
which describes an
● If required, stop the installer by choosing the Cancel button.
Note
If you need to terminate the installer, press Ctrl + C .
5.7.2 Interrupted Processing of the Installer
Here you find information about how to restart the installer if its processing has been interrupted.
Context
The processing of the installer might be interrupted for one of the following reasons:
● An error occurred during the Define Parameters or Execute phase:
The installer does not abort the installation in error situations. If an error occurs, the installation pauses
and a dialog box appears. The dialog box contains a short description of the choices listed in the table
below as well as a path to a log file that contains detailed information about the error.
● You interrupted the processing of the installer by choosing Cancel in the SL Common GUI.
Caution
If you stop an option in the Execute phase, any system or component installed by this option is
incomplete and not ready to be used. Any system or component uninstalled by this option is not
completely uninstalled.
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The following table describes the options in the dialog box:
Option
Definition
Retry
The installer retries the installation from the point of failure without repeating any of
the previous steps.
This is possible because the installer records the installation progress in the
keydb.xml file.
We recommend that you view the entries in the log files, try to solve the problem, and
then choose Retry.
If the same or a different error occurs, the installer displays the same dialog box
again.
Stop
The installer stops the installation, closing the dialog box, the installer GUI, and the
GUI server.
The installer records the installation progress in the keydb.xml file. Therefore, you
can continue the installation from the point of failure without repeating any of the
previous steps. See the procedure below.
Continue
The installer continues the installation from the current point.
View Log
Access installation log files.
Note
You can also terminate the installer by choosing Ctrl + C but we do not recommend this because it kills
the process immediately.
The following procedure describes the steps to restart an installation, which you stopped by choosing Stop, or
to continue an interrupted installation after an error situation.
Procedure
1. Log on to the installation host as a user with the required permissions as described in Running the Installer
[page 114] .
2. Make sure that the installation media are still available.
For more information, see Preparing the Installation Media [page 91] .
Recommendation
Make the installation media available locally. For example, if you use remote file shares on other
Windows hosts, CIFS shares on third-party SMB-servers, or Network File System (NFS), reading from
media mounted with NFS might fail.
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Only valid for 'Platform': Oracle Solaris
Note
Oracle Solaris: If you mount installation media, make sure that you do this with option nomaplcase.
End of 'Platform': Oracle Solaris
3. Make sure that the installation media are still available.
For more information, see Preparing the Installation Media [page 91] .
Recommendation
Make the installation media available locally. For example, if you use remote file shares on other
Windows hosts, CIFS shares on third-party SMB-servers, or Network File System (NFS), reading from
media mounted with NFS might fail.
Only valid for 'Platform': Oracle Solaris
Note
Oracle Solaris: If you mount installation media, make sure that you do this with option nomaplcase.
End of 'Platform': Oracle Solaris
4. Restart the installer from the directory to which you unpacked the Software Provisioning Manager archive
by executing the following command:
<Path_To_Unpack_Directory>/sapinst
5. The installer is restarting.
The installer now starts and waits for the connection with the SL Common GUI.
You can find the URL you require to access the SL Common GUI at the bottom of the shell from which you
are running the installer.
...
************************************************************************
Open your browser and paste the following URL address to access the GUI
https://[<hostname>]:4237/sapinst/docs/index.html
Logon users: [<users>]
************************************************************************
...
If you have a supported web browser (see Prerequisites for Running the Installer [page 111]) installed on
the host where you run the installer, you can open this URL directly in the shell. Otherwise open the URL in
a supported web browser that runs on another device.
The SL Common GUI opens in the browser by displaying the Welcome screen.
Note
Before you reach the Welcome screen, your browser might warn you that the certificate of the sapinst
process on this computer could not be verified. Accept this warning to inform your browser that it can
trust this site, even if the certificate could not be verified.
6. From the tree structure on the Welcome screen, select the installation option that you want to continue and
choose Next.
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The What do you want to do? screen appears.
7. On the What do you want to do? screen, decide between the following alternatives and continue with Next:
Alternative
Behavior
Perform a new run
The installer does not continue the interrupted installation option. Instead, it
moves the content of the old installer directory and all installer-specific files to
a backup directory. Afterwards, you can no longer continue the old option.
The following naming convention is used for the backup directory:
log_<Day>_<Month>_<Year>_<Hours>_<Minutes>_<Seconds>
Example
log_01_Oct_2016_13_47_56
Note
All actions taken by the installation before you stopped it (such as creating
directories or users) are not revoked.
Caution
The installer moves all the files and folders to a new log directory, even if
these files and folders are owned by other users. If there are any processes
currently running on these files and folders, they might no longer function
properly.
Continue with the existing one
The installer continues the interrupted installation from the point of failure.
5.7.3 Entries in the Services File Created by the Installer
After the installation has finished successfully, the installer has created the following entries in /etc/
services:
sapdp<Instance_Number> = 32<Instance_Number>/tcp
sapdp<Instance_Number>s = 47<Instance_Number>/tcp
sapgw<Instance_Number> = 33<Instance_Number>/tcp
sapgw<Instance_Number>s = 48<Instance_Number>/tcp
sapms<SAPSID> = 36<Instance_Number>/tcp (unless you specified another value during the installation)
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● There is a port created for every possible instance number, regardless of which instance number you
specified during the installation. For example, for sapgw<Instance_Number> =
33<Instance_Number>/tcp the following range of entries is created:
sapgw00 = 3300/tcp
sapgw01 = 3301/tcp
sapgw02 = 3302/tcp
[...]
sapgw98 = 3398/tcp
sapgw99 = 3399/tcp
● If there is more than one entry for the same port number, this is not an error.
5.7.4 Troubleshooting with the Installer
This section tells you how to proceed when errors occur while the installer is running.
Context
If an error occurs, the installer:
● Stops processing
● Displays a dialog informing you about the error
Procedure
1. Check SAP Note 1548438
for known installer issues.
2. If an error occurs during the Define Parameters or the Execute Service phase, do one of the following:
○ Try to solve the problem:
○ To check the installer log files (sapinst.log and sapinst_dev.log) for errors, choose the LOG
FILES tab.
Note
The LOG FILES tab is only available if you have selected on the Welcome screen the relevant
installer option for the SAP product to be installed .
If you need to access the log files before you have done this selection, you can find them in
the .sapinst directory underneath the /home/<User> directory, where <User> is the user
which you used to start the installer.
Fore more information, see Useful Information About the Installer [page 120].
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○ To check the log and trace files of the installer GUI for errors, go to the directory
<User_Home>/.sapinst/
○ Then continue by choosing Retry.
○ If required, abort the installer by choosing Cancel in the tool menu and restart the installer. For more
information, see Interrupted Processing of the Installer [page 121].
3. If you cannot resolve the problem, report an incident using the appropriate subcomponent of BC-INS*.
For more information about using subcomponents of BC-INS*, see SAP Note 1669327
.
5.7.5 Using the Step State Editor (SAP Support Experts Only)
This section describes how to use the Step State Editor available in the installer.
Note
Only use the Step State Editor if SAP Support requests you to do so, for example to resolve a customer
incident.
Prerequisites
● SAP Support requests you to use theStep State Editor.
● Make sure that the host where you run the installer meets the requirements listed in Prerequisites for
Running the Installer [page 111].
Procedure
1. Start the installer from the command line as described in Running the Installer [page 114] with the
additional command line parameter SAPINST_SET_STEPSTATE=true
2. Follow the instructions on the installer screens and fill in the parameters prompted during the Define
Parameters phase until you reach the Parameter Summary screen.
3. Choose Next.
The Step State Editor opens as an additional dialog. Within this dialog you see a list of all steps to be
executed by the installer during the Execute Service phase. By default all steps are in an initial state.
Underneath each step, you see the assigned installer component. For each step you have a Skip and a
Break option.
○ Mark the checkbox in front of the Break option of the steps where you want the installer to pause.
○ Mark the checkbox in front of the Skip option of the steps which you want the installer to skip.
4. After you have marked all required steps with either the Break or the Skip option, choose OK on the Step
State Editor dialog.
The installer starts processing the Execute Service phase and pauses one after another when reaching
each step whose Break option you have marked. You can now choose one of the following:
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○ Choose OK to continue with this step.
○ Choose Step State Editor to return to the Step State Editor and make changes, for example you can
repeat the step by marking the checkbox in front of the Repeat option.
○ Choose Cancel to abort the installer.
5. Continue until you have run through all the steps of the Execute Service phase of the installer.
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6
Post-Installation
6.1
Post-Installation Checklist
This section includes the post-installation steps that you have to perform for the following:
Note
SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and higher only:
You can skip some of these post-installation steps if you have already completed them as a step in task list
SAP_BASIS_SETUP_INITIAL_CONFIG when running the ABAP task manager for lifecycle management
automation (transaction STC01) immediately after the installation was completed. For more information,
see SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and Higher: Performing Automated Initial Setup (Optional) [page 131].
The sections describing these steps are marked with a corresponding note at the beginning.
● Standard, distributed, or high-availability system
● Additional application server instance
Detailed information about the steps are available in the linked sections.
Note
We highly recommend that you apply the latest Support Package as described in Applying the Latest Kernel
[page 142]. The minimum requirement for running SAP BW on the SAP HANA database is SP4.
Standard, Distributed, or High-Availability System
Note
In a standard system, all mandatory instances except the database instance are installed on one host.
Therefore, if you are installing a standard system, you can ignore references to other hosts.
The SAP HANA database is normally pre-installed by SAP partners before you start the installation. During
the SAP system installation, the database instance was remotely installed by Software Provisioning Manager
(the “installer”) from the primary application server host.
However, on Linux you can install SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 or higher on the same host as
the SAP HANA database - that is as a standard system [page 22] - without applying additional environment
.
settings. For more information, see SAP Note 1953429
1. You check and if necessary modify the settings for the operating system users for your SAP system if they
were created by the installer.
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For more information, see Creating Operating System Users and Groups [page 74].
2. You check whether you can log on to the Application Server ABAP [page 130].
3. SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and higher only: You perform the automated initial setup
[page 131].
Note
This step is optional.
4. If you have not enabled SAP EarlyWatch Alert in your SAP Solution Manager, you enable SAP EarlyWatch
Alert for ABAP Systems on SAP HANA [page 133].
5. You install the SAP license [page 134].
6. If you have installed a high-availability system, you set up the licenses for high availability [page 135].
7. You configure the remote connection to SAP support [page 136].
8. You install the SAP online documentation [page 137].
9. You perform the consistency check [page 137].
10. You configure the Transport Management System [page 139].
11. For production systems it is highly recommended that you connect the system to SAP Solution Manager
[page 141].
12. You apply the latest kernel and Support Packages [page 142].
13. You perform post-installation steps for the application server ABAP [page 144].
14. If you installed the ABAP part of an SAP Solution Manager 7.2 or SAP Process Integration 7.5 system,
enable HTTPS communication with the Java part of the system.
For more information, see SAP Solution Manager 7.2, SAP Process Integration 7.5 only: Enabling HTTPS
Communication for ABAP [page 146].
15. If required, you install additional languages and perform language transport [page 147].
16. SAP Kernel Release 7.4 and Higher: You perform IP Multicast Configuration [page 148].
17. You configure the Process Integration system after installation [page 149].
Note
This post-installation step is only relevant if you have installed an SAP NetWeaver 7.5 Process
Integration (PI) system.
18. You configure the user management [page 150].
19. You ensure user security [page 150].
20.You perform the client copy [page 154].
21. You install or upgrade SAP HANA studio [page 155].
22. You back up the SAP HANA database [page 155].
23. SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and higher only: If required, you change the keys for the
secure storage [page 156].
24. You perform a full installation backup [page 157].
25. If you chose to install an integrated SAP Web Dispatcher within the ASCS instance, you log on to the SAP
Web Dispatcher Management Console [page 159]
26. If you chose to install an integrated SAP Web Dispatcher within the ASCS instance, you configure the SAP
Web Dispatcher [page 160]
27. If you chose to install an integrated Gateway within the ASCS instance, you configure the SAP Gateway
[page 161].
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28. You check the Master Guide for your SAP Business Suite application or SAP NetWeaver application
(chapter Configuration of Systems and Follow-Up Activities) for further implementation and configuration
steps, such as language installation, monitoring, work processes, transports, SAP license, printers, system
logs, and connectivity to system landscape directory (SLD).
Additional Application Server Instance
1. You check and if necessary modify the settings for the operating system users for your SAP system if they
were created by the installer.
For more information, see Creating Operating System Users and Groups [page 74].
2. You check whether you can log on to the Application Server ABAP [page 130].
3. You install the SAP online documentation [page 137].
4. You ensure user security [page 150].
5. You perform a full installation backup [page 157].
6.2
Logging On to the Application Server ABAP
You need to check that you can log on to the Application Server ABAP with the standard users, given in the
table below.
Prerequisites
● The SAP system is up and running.
● You have installed the SAP front-end software.
Context
Note
Client 066 is no longer available in newly installed SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5 or higher. For
more information, see SAP Note 1749142 .
Note
Client 001 is no longer available in newly installed SAP systems based on SAP S/4HANA and SAP BW/
4HANA.
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User
User Name
Client
SAP system user
SAP*
000, 001, 066
DDIC
000, 001
You access the application server ABAP using SAP Logon.
Procedure
1. Start SAP Logon on the host where you have installed the SAP front-end software as follows:
○ SAP GUI for Windows:
On the host where you have installed the front end, choose:
Start
Programs
SAP Front End<Release>
SAPlogon
○ SAP GUI for Java:
Enter the following command from the GUI installation directory:
guilogon
2. Create a logon entry for the newly installed system in the SAP Logon.
For more information about creating new logon entries, press F1 .
3. When you have created the entry, log on as user SAP* or DDIC.
6.3
SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and Higher: Performing Automated
Initial Setup (Optional)
After the installation of a new SAP system you have to configure the system to enable its usage. For example,
you have to install an SAP license, create logon groups, and configure the Transport Management System
(TMS) and security settings. If your SAP system is based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and higher, you can profit from
an automated initial setup which executes these steps automatically.
Prerequisites
Note that the best point in time when you perform automated initial setup depends on the following:
● If you have run the installation using a stack configuration file (also called “up-to-date installation”), we
recommend that you proceed as follows:
1. Perform the complete installation and update process - that is the installation with Software
Provisioning Manager and the update with Software Update Manager.
2. Perform the automated initial setup.
By running first the update and then the automated initial setup, you can profit from latest features and
fixes in the initial setup configuration content.
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Background: As of Software Logistics Toolset 1.0 SPS12, the installation procedure with Software
Provisioning Manager 1.0 SP07 and higher also includes basic configuration activities, such as initial basic
configuration of transport management, which are a prerequisite for the subsequent maintenance process.
In previous SP versions of Software Logistics Toolset 1.0, this prerequisite had to be fulfilled by running
automated initial setup before the update process.
● If you have not run the installation using a stack configuration file (also called “up-to-date installation”), we
recommend that you proceed as follows:
1. Run automated initial setup directly after the installation, using the automation content provided with
the system load.
2. Apply the Support Packages to benefit from the already performed initial configuration – for example,
using the already configured Transport Management System.
3. Consider running the automated initial setup a second time, especially if you want to benefit from the
latest improvements and fixes offered by the updated automation content provided by the applied
Support Package.
For more information about automated initial setup, see the SAP Community Network at https://
wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/SL/Automated+Initial+Setup+of+ABAP-Based+Systems .
Procedure
1. Start the ABAP Task Manager by calling transaction STC01.
2. Choose task list SAP_BASIS_SETUP_INITIAL_CONFIG.
3. Select the tasks you want to get executed.
For this, the task list offers sophisticated online documentation of the comprised activities.
4. Choose Execute.
You are guided through the configuration steps where you can enter the required values.
Related Information
Installation Using a Stack Configuration File [page 36]
Installing the SAP License [page 134]
Configuring the Remote Connection to SAP Support [page 136]
Configuring the Change and Transport System [page 139]
Applying the Latest Kernel and Support Package Stacks [page 142]
Performing Post-Installation Steps for the ABAP Application Server [page 144]
Performing the Consistency Check [page 137]
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6.4
Enabling SAP EarlyWatch Alert for ABAP Systems on
SAP HANA
Context
After the installation of any new SAP ABAP system running on SAP HANA, you have to enable the SAP
EarlyWatch Alert (EWA) and send corresponding data to SAP – either by using SAP Solution Manager for SAP
EarlyWatch Alert or by performing the automated configuration described below.
The SAP EarlyWatch Alert identifies potential problems early, avoids bottlenecks, and monitors the
performance of your ABAP and Java systems and your most important business processes regularly,
automatically, and effectively. For more information, see http://support.sap.com/ewa .
If you have not enabled SAP EarlyWatch Alert in your SAP Solution Manager (for more information, see SAP
Note 1257308 ), we provide an automated procedure using our automation framework ABAP Task Manager,
which is already part of the ABAP system. The automation task list “Early Watch Alert to SAP Configuration”
sets up a periodical EWA data collection and transfers this data to SAP in Service Data Control Center
(SDCCN), when executed by the ABAP Task Manager.
The task list comprises the following detailed tasks:
1. Configuration of SAPOSS Connection (OSS1)
Creates standard RFC SAPOSS if it does not yet exist.
2. SDCC_OSS Connection
Creates an RFC SDCC_OSS by copying RFC SAPOSS and adds this RFC to the SDCCN RFC list if it does
not yet exist. This RFC is used in SDCCN to communicate with the SAP backend.
3. SDCCN Activation
Activates the SDCCN in the system if not yet activated. An hourly job /BDL/TASK_PROCESSOR is
scheduled after the activation.
4. SDCCN Refresh Service Definition
Gets the newest Service Definitions from SAP. The Service Definitions define the data to be collected for
the EWA session.
5. SDCCN Schedule EWA to SAP
Schedules a weekly EWA session (with session number 000Z*) in SDCCN, if no session exists.
Procedure
1. Download the archive SAPK-74005INSTPI or higher at:
http://support.sap.com/installations
Alphabetical Index (A-Z)
S
ST-PI
Software Downloads
ST-PI 740
Support Packages and Patches
By
SUPPORT PACKAGES .
2. Apply the downloaded ST-PI archive via SPAM/SAINT.
For more information, see http://help.sap.com/spmanager
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3. Start the ABAP Task Manager by calling transaction STC01.
4. Choose the task list /BDL/SDCCN_EWA_CONFIG.
5. Choose Execute.
You are guided through the configuration steps.
6.5
Installing the SAP License
You must install a permanent SAP license. When you install your SAP system, a temporary license is
automatically installed.
Note
SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 or higher only:
You can skip this task if you have already completed it as a step in task list
SAP_BASIS_SETUP_INITIAL_CONFIG when running the ABAP task manager for lifecycle management
automation (transaction STC01) immediately after the installation was completed. For more information,
see SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and Higher: Performing Automated Initial Setup (Optional) [page 131].
Context
Caution
Before the temporary license expires, you must apply for a permanent license key from SAP.
We recommend that you apply for a permanent license key as soon as possible after installing your system.
For more information about SAP license keys and how to obtain them, see http://support.sap.com/licensekey
.
Procedure
Install the SAP license as described in the SAP Library at:
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SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
http://help.sap.com/nw73
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Pack­
SAP Library Path (Continued)
Application Help
Function-Oriented View: English
Life Cycle Management
Solution
SAP Licenses
age 1
http://help.sap.com/nw731
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
http://help.sap.com/nw74
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
○
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
http://help.sap.com/nw75
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
○
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
6.6
High Availability: Setting Up Licenses
You need to install a permanent license, which is determined by the hardware environment of the message
server.
Prerequisites
The SAP system is up and running.
Context
SAP has implemented a license mechanism for switchover solutions and clustered environments. Your
customer key is calculated on the basis of local information on the message server host. This is the host
machine where the ABAP central services instance (ASCS instance) runs.
To be able to perform a switchover, the temporary license that is installed automatically with the ASCS
instance is not sufficient. You first need to install a permanent license, which is determined by the hardware
environment of the message server. Since SAP's high-availability (HA) solution stipulates two or more cluster
nodes (host machines) where the message server is enabled to run, you have to order as many license keys
[page 134] as you have cluster nodes.
When we receive confirmation from your vendor that you are implementing a switchover environment, we
provide the required license keys for your system, one key for each machine.
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Procedure
1. To find the hardware ID of the primary host, log on to any application server instance of the SAP system
and call transaction SLICENSE.
2. Perform a switchover of the ABAP central services instance (ASCS) to another node in the cluster and
repeat the previous step.
Repeat this for all remaining nodes in the cluster.
3. To obtain the two license keys, enter the hardware IDs for each cluster node, where message server is
enabled to run: http://support.sap.com/licensekey
4. To import the files containing the two licenses, log on to any application server instance of the SAP system
and call transaction SLICENSE.
5. Perform a switchover of the ABAP central services instance (ASCS) to another node in the cluster and
repeat the previous step.
Repeat this for all remaining nodes in the cluster.
Results
The license is no longer a problem during switchover. This means you do not need to call saplicense in your
switchover scripts.
6.7
Configuring the Remote Connection to SAP Support
SAP offers its customers access to support and a number of remote services such as the Early Watch
Service or the GoingLive Service. Therefore, you have to set up a remote network connection to SAP.
Note
SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 or higher only:
You can skip this task if you have already completed it as a step in task list
SAP_BASIS_SETUP_INITIAL_CONFIG when running the ABAP task manager for lifecycle management
automation (transaction STC01) immediately after the installation was completed. For more information,
see SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and Higher: Performing Automated Initial Setup (Optional) [page 131].
For more information, see SAP Support Portal at https://support.sap.com/remote-support.html
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6.8
Installing SAP Online Documentation
You can install SAP online documentation as application help.
Context
SAP currently provides an HTML-based solution for the online documentation, including the Application Help,
Glossary, Implementation Guide (IMG), and Release Notes. You can display the documentation with a Javacompatible Web browser on all front-end platforms supported by SAP.
Procedure
Install the application help in your SAP system as described in the README.TXT file contained in the root
directory of the application help media.
Online documentation media are delivered as part of the installation package. You can also download them
from https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter
<Product>
<Product Version>
Installations & Upgrades
By Category
APPLICATION HELP (SAP LIBRARY) .
https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter
NETWEAVER AND COMPLEMENTARY PRODUCTS
Installations & Upgrades
SAP NETWEAVER
By Category
SAP NETWEAVER 7.5
SAP
APPLICATION
HELP (SAP LIBRARY)
6.9
Performing the Consistency Check
We recommend that you check the consistency of the newly installed SAP ABAP system.
Note
SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 or higher only:
You can skip this task if you have already completed it as a step in task list
SAP_BASIS_SETUP_INITIAL_CONFIG when running the ABAP task manager for lifecycle management
automation (transaction STC01) immediately after the installation was completed. For more information,
see SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and Higher: Performing Automated Initial Setup (Optional) [page 131].
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Prerequisites
● If the installation finished successfully, your SAP system should be up and running. Otherwise, start it as
described in Starting and Stopping SAP System Instances [page 180].
● You have logged on to the SAP system [page 130].
Context
When logging on to the system for the first time, you need to trigger a consistency check manually. The
function is then called automatically whenever you start the system or an application server.
The following checks are performed:
● Completeness of installation
● Version compatibility between the SAP release and the operating system
The initial consistency check determines whether:
○ The release number in the SAP kernel matches the release number defined in the database system
○ The character set specified in the SAP kernel matches the character set specified in the database
system
○ Critical structure definitions that are defined in both the data dictionary and the SAP kernel are
identical. The structures checked by this function include SYST, T100, TSTC, TDCT and TFDIR.
● Accessibility of the message server
● Availability of all work process types
● Information about the enqueue server and the update service
Procedure
1. Perform a system check:
Call transaction SICK.
You should see the entry SAP System Check | no errors reported
2. Perform a database check:
In the DBA Cockpit (transaction DBACOCKPIT), check for missing tables or indexes by choosing
Diagnostics
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Missing Tables and Indexes .
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6.10 Configuring the Change and Transport System
You have to perform some steps in the Transport Management System to be able to use the Change and
Transport System (TMS).
Note
You can skip this task if one of the following is true:
● Only valid for SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and higher: You already completed these
steps as part of task list SAP_BASIS_SETUP_INITIAL_CONFIG have to perform these steps or at least
some of these steps when running the ABAP task manager for lifecycle management automation
(transaction STC01) immediately after the installation had completed.
Note that SAP_BASIS_SETUP_INITIAL_CONFIG only covers the configuration of TMS as single
system.
● You are using a stack configuration file (see Installation Using a Stack Configuration File (Optional)
[page 36]) and chose Run TMS Configuration (for Single System) during the installation.
Context
Procedure
1. Call transaction STMS in the ABAP system to configure the domain controller in the Transport Management
System (TMS).
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For more information, see the SAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
○
SAP Library Path (Continued)
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
Application Help
http://help.sap.com/nw73
○
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package
Function-Oriented View: English
Solution Life Cycle Management
1
Change and Transport System
http://help.sap.com/nw731
System – Overview
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
System
Software Logistics
Change and Transport
Basics of the Change and Transport
Transport Management System – Concept
http://help.sap.com/nw74
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
○
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
○
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
2. In addition, you must configure the system change options.
For more information, see the SAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
○
SAP Library Path (Continued)
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
Application Help
http://help.sap.com/nw73
○
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package
Function-Oriented View: English
Solution Life Cycle Management
1
Change and Transport System
http://help.sap.com/nw731
CTS-ORG)
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
Organizer
Software Logistics
Transport Organizer (BC-
Requirements for Working with the Transport
Setting the System Change Option
http://help.sap.com/nw74
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
○
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
○
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
3. Call transaction SE38 to schedule a dispatcher job for transport programs by executing report RDDIMPDP.
You schedule the transport dispatcher in the current client. This is equivalent to the execution of job
RDDNEWPP in transaction SE38
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6.11
Connecting the System to SAP Solution Manager
Here you find information about how to connect your newly installed SAP system to SAP Solution Manager.
Prerequisites
An SAP Solution Manager system must be available in your system landscape. For more information, see
http://help.sap.com/solutionmanager .
Context
SAP Solution Manager gives you central access to tools, methods, and preconfigured content that you can use
to evaluate and implement your solutions.
When your implementation is running, you can use SAP Solution Manager to manage, monitor, and update
systems and business processes in your solution landscape, and also to set up and operate your own solution
support.
Procedure
You connect a technical system to SAP Solution Manager by the following steps:
1. On the technical systems of your landscape, data suppliers are implemented, for example, with
transaction RZ70 for Application Server ABAP and with Visual Administrator for Application Server Java.
For more information, see the SAP Solution Manager Application Help:
○ If your SAP Solution Manager release is 7.1:
http://help.sap.com/solutionmanager
Solution Manager Operations
System Information
Version 7.1 SPS <No>
Application Help (English)
Managing System Landscape Information
SAP
Managing Technical
Register Technical Systems Automatically by Data Suppliers
○ If your SAP Solution Manager release is 7.2:
http://help.sap.com/solutionmanager
Technical Infrastructures
Information
Version 7.2 SPS <No>
Landscape Management Database (LMDB)
Application Help (English)
Managing Technical System
Registering Technical Systems Automatically by Data Suppliers
2. The data suppliers send information about the hardware and installed software to a central System
Landscape Directory (SLD). Updates are sent to the SLD as well.
For more information, see the Planning Guide - System Landscape Directory in the SAP Community
Network at System Landscape Directory (SLD) - Overview
3. From the SLD, this information is regularly synchronized with SAP Solution Manager where it is managed
in the Landscape Management Database (LMDB).
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For more information, see the SAP Solution Manager Application Help:
○ If your SAP Solution Manager release is 7.1:
http://help.sap.com/solutionmanager
Application Help (English)
Managing System Landscape Information
Solution Manager Operations
Management Infrastructure
Version 7.1 SPS <No>
SAP
Setting Up the Landscape
Connecting LMDB to System Landscape Directory (SLD)
○ If your SAP Solution Manager release is 7.2:
http://help.sap.com/solutionmanager
Technical Infrastructures
Version 7.2 SPS <No>
Application Help (English)
Landscape Management Database (LMDB)
Management Infrastructure
Setting Up the Landscape
Connecting LMDB to System Landscape Directory (SLD)
4. In the LMDB, you complete the information from the SLD manually.
For more information, see the SAP Solution Manager Application Help:
○ If your SAP Solution Manager release is 7.1:
Managing Technical System Information and Managing Product System Information at http://
Version 7.1 SPS <No>
help.sap.com/solutionmanager
Solution Manager Operations
Application Help (English)
SAP
Managing System Landscape Information
○ If your SAP Solution Manager release is 7.2:
http://help.sap.com/solutionmanager
Technical Infrastructures
Version 7.2 SPS <No>
Application Help (English)
Landscape Management Database (LMDB)
Managing Technical System
Information
Next Steps
For more information, see the following pages in the SAP Community Network:
● System Landscape Directory (SLD) - Overview
● Documentation for Landscape Management Database - LMDB
6.12 Applying the Latest Kernel and Support Package
Stacks
We strongly recommend that you apply the latest kernel and Support Package stacks before you start
configuring your SAP system.
Note
If you are using a stack configuration file (see Installation Using a Stack Configuration File (Optional) [page
36]), you already downloaded the stack.xml file and the delta archives using the Maintenance Optimizer in
your SAP Solution Manager. If you then already called the Software Update Manager (SUM) from the
installer and applied the Support Package Stacks after the installation had finished, you can skip this
section.
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Context
For more information about release and roadmap information for the kernel versions and how this relates to
SAP NetWeaver support packages, including important notes on downward compatibility and release dates,
see the document Understanding Kernel Releases for the SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP at http://scn.sap.com/
docs/DOC-54170 .
Note
If you have installed an SAP Solution Manager 7.2 system, you must apply at least Support Package Stack
(SPS) 01. You cannot use SAP Solution Manager 7.2 with SPS 00.
Procedure
● Download and apply the latest Kernel and Support Package stacks using the Software Update Manager
(SUM) as described in the documentation Updating SAP Systems Using Software Update Manager
<Release> available at https://support.sap.com/sltoolset
Manager (SUM) scenarios
System Maintenance
Software Update
Software Update/Upgrade with SUM <Release>
● If you want to update the kernel manually, proceed as described below:
a. Log on as user <sapsid>adm to the hosts of the SAP system instances to be updated.
b. Download the latest kernel for your operating system and database platform as described in SAP Note
19466 .
c. Back up the kernel directory that is specified by the profile parameter DIR_CT_RUN.
d. Extract the SAR files of the kernel Support Packages of the target SP level to a temporary directory
using the SAPCAR tool.
e. Copy or move the extracted programs from the temporary directory to the local kernel directory.
f. Adjust the ownership and permissions of the kernel binaries by entering the following command
sequence (Execute the saproot.sh script that is located in the kernel directory):
su - root
cd <Kernel_Directory>
./saproot.sh <SAPSID>
exit
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6.13 Performing Post-Installation Steps for the ABAP
Application Server
This section describes the post-installation steps you have to perform for the ABAP application server.
Note
SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 or higher only:
You can skip this task if you have already completed it as a step in task list
SAP_BASIS_SETUP_INITIAL_CONFIG when running the ABAP task manager for lifecycle management
automation (transaction STC01) immediately after the installation was completed. For more information,
see SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and Higher: Performing Automated Initial Setup (Optional) [page 131].
Prerequisites
You have logged on to the ABAP application server as described in Logging On to the Application Server [page
130].
Context
You have to perform the following post-installation steps for the ABAP application server:
● Upload and set system profiles using transaction RZ10
● Create logon and RFC server groups using transactions SMLG and RZ12
● Create operation modes using transaction RZ04
● Schedule standard jobs using transaction SM36
● Configuration of SLD data supplier using transaction RZ70
● Perform load generation using transaction SGEN
For more information, see the appropriate sections below.
Procedure
● Upload and Set System Profiles using Transaction RZ10
You upload system profiles, such as default profile and instance profile, from the file system into the
database of the target system using transaction RZ10.
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For more information about how to maintain SAP system profiles, see the SAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
http://help.sap.com/nw73
○
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package
Application Help
Application Server
Function-Oriented View: English
Application Server ABAP
1
Administration of Application Server ABAP
http://help.sap.com/nw731
and Administration Tools for Application Server ABAP
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
Configuration in the CCMS
http://help.sap.com/nw74
○
SAP Library Path (Continued)
Profiles
Monitoring
Maintaining
Profiles / Profile Maintenance
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
○
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
○
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
● Create Logon and RFC Server Groups using Transactions SMLG and RZ12
You create the following:
○ Logon groups using transaction SMLG
○ RFC server groups using transaction RZ12
Specify the following:
○ Name of the logon or RFC server group
○ Instance name (application server)
○ Group type attributes are optional
If required, you create the RFC server group parallel_generators.
● Create Operation Modes using Transaction RZ04
You check for existing operation modes and - if required - create a new operation mode using transaction
RZ04.
Specify the following:
○ Name of the operation mode
○ Short description
○ Optional: monitoring properties variant
Select the corresponding checkbox to assign the operation mode to the following:
○ Time table (assignment only from 0-24 h)
○ Current application server instance
● Schedule Standard Jobs using Transaction SM36
You schedule SAP standard jobs using transaction SM36.
If a standard job is already scheduled, it is kept. Only missing jobs are scheduled.
● Configure the SLD Data Supplier using Transaction RZ70
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a. Make sure that the SLD and the SLD bridge (the receiving thread of the SLD, which runs on a Java EE
engine) are running.
b. Configure the System Landscape Directory (SLD) data supplier with default settings, using transaction
RZ70.
SLD configuration is a prerequisite for the connection of an SAP system to SAP Solution Manager.
For more information, see Connecting the System to SAP Solution Manager [page 141]
● Perform Load Generation using Transaction SGEN
You generate the ABAP loads using transaction SGEN. ABAP loads are platform-dependent programs that
are generated during runtime and stored in database tables. Using transaction SGEN you can generate
ABAP loads of a number of programs, function groups, classes, and so on.
Choose one of the following generation modes:
○ Generate All Objects
All existing objects of all software components are generated synchronously. Job RSPARGENER8M
starts the generation directly after all ABAP objects have been prepared for generation and have been
stored in table GENSETC. Be aware that this is a time-consuming process.
Note
Make sure that you have sufficient space available on your database. The generation of all existing
objects requires around 2 - 9 GB of free space.
○ Prepare All Objects for Generation
All objects to be generated are prepared for generation and stored in table GENSETM. You can start the
generation of these objects later with transaction SGEN. Choose this strategy if object generation is to
be done outside the configuration task due to performance issues.
6.14 SAP Solution Manager 7.2, SAP Process Integration 7.5
only: Enabling HTTPS Communication for ABAP
For secure communication between the SAP systems connected to the ABAP stack, further post-installation
steps are required to fully enable HTTPS communication.
Prerequisites
● You have installed the application server ABAP for an SAP Solution Manager 7.2 or SAP Process Integration
7.5.
● You entered the HTTPS port that is to be configured in the application server instance profile when
processing the Communication Port for ABAP screen. For more information, see Additional Parameters
when Installing SAP Process Integration 7.5 or SAP Solution Manager 7.2.
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Procedure
Proceed as described in the SAP Notes 1527879
and 510007
.
Related Information
Additional Parameters when Installing SAP Process Integration 7.5 or SAP Solution Manager 7.2 [page 63]
6.15 Installing Additional Languages and Performing
Language Transport
This section describes how to install and transport additional languages.
Note
You do not have to perform these steps or at least some of these steps if you are using a stack configuration
file (see Installation Using a Stack Configuration File (Optional) [page 36]) and processed the Install
Additional Languages screen during the installation.
Context
If you have problems during the language installation, see SAP Note 2456868
.
Procedure
1. Configure the language settings by using transaction I18N and choosing
System Configuration
I18N Customizing
I18N
or by executing report RSCPINST directly.
For more information, see SAP Note 42305
AIX: If you wish to use the Turkish locale with SAP on AIX, you must install the Turkish locale supplied by
SAP instead of the one supplied with the operating system. For more information, see SAP Note 39718 .
2. Perform the language transport using transaction SMLT:
Note
German is already available in the system. Do not transport it via SMLT.
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a. Classify the language.
b. Schedule the language transport.
c. Schedule the language supplementation.
Next Steps
Note
You can also install additional languages later, but if you install any Support Packages in the meantime, you
have to do one of the following:
● Install the Support Packages again.
● Use the report RSTLAN_IMPORT_OCS to extract the language-relevant information from each Support
Package.
For information about the language transport, see the SAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
●
SAP Library Path (Continued)
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
Application Help
http://help.sap.com/nw73
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package 1
http://help.sap.com/nw731
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
Function-Oriented View: English
Solution Life Cycle Management
Change and Transport System
Software Logistics
Language Transport (BC-
CTS-LAN)
http://help.sap.com/nw74
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
●
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
http://help.sap.com/nw75
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
●
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
6.16 SAP Kernel 7.40 and Higher: IP Multicast Configuration
and Wake-Up Mechanism
Since SAP kernel release 7.40, the ABAP application server (AS ABAP) uses IP multicast datagrams with host
local scope to wake up the internal processes (such as dispatcher, Gateway, internet communication manager,
work processes) when dispatching requests.
Since SAP kernel release 7.40 Patch Level (PL) 46 and 7.41 PL 13, the dispatcher checks during startup
whether local IP multicast communication is working properly. You have to adjust the network configuration of
AS ABAP as described in SAP Note1931675 .
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Since SAP kernel 7.41 PL 47 and 7.42 PL 14, a new event-based wake-up mechanism is available that replaces
the multicast mechanism. SAP recommends using this new mechanism in case of problems with multicast. For
details on activating the new mechanism see SAP Note 2050408
to ensure that local IP multicast
communication works properly.
6.17 PI 7.5 Only: Configuring the Process Integration System
After the Installation
To configure your SAP Process Integration 7.5 (SAP PI 7.5) system after installation, execute the Central
Technical Configuration (CTC) Wizard.
Prerequisites
If you have installed an SAP PI 7.5 system and you intend to run automated configuration using the Central
Technical Configuration (CTC) Wizard after the installation, make sure that the ABAP communication port is
either completely configured for HTTPS or optionally for HTTP, for example by configuring the ABAP
communication port during the installation process (see the Ports table in section SAP System Parameters
[page 53]). You can only run the CTC Wizard if the ABAP communication port is configured.
Procedure
To configure your SAP PI 7.5 system, execute the “SAP NetWeaver initial setup” CTC Wizard described in SAP
Note 1309239 .
Note
The CTC Wizard automatically executes all required technical configuration steps.
For more details about all single configuration steps executed by the CTC Wizard and how to apply them
manually, see the SAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
SAP Library Path (Continued)
Application Help
English
Function-Oriented View:
Process Integration
Configuring
Process Integration After Installation
Configuring Process Integration (PI) Dual Usage
Type
Basic Configuration for SAP Process
Integration (PI)
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6.18 Configuring the User Management
After the installation has completed, configure the user management of your SAP system.
Procedure
After the installation of your SAP system has finished, you must decide whether you want to do the following:
○ Add the system to Central User Administration (CUA)
○ Use Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) synchronization
For more information, see the SAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
https://help.sap.com/nw73/
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement
Package 1
https://help.sap.com/nw731
○
SAP Library Path (Continued)
Application Help
Identity Management
Function-Oriented View: English
Security
Identity Management for System Landscapes
Integration of User Management in Your System Landscape
Adding an ABAP System to Your System Landscape
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
https://help.sap.com/nw74
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
https://help.sap.com/nw75
○
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP
7.51 innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
○
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
6.19 Ensuring User Security
You need to ensure the security of the users that the installer created during the installation.
The tables below at the end of this section list the following users:
● Operating system users
● SAP system users
During the installation, the installer by default assigned the master password to all users created during the
installation unless you specified other passwords.
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Recommendation
In all cases, the user ID and password are encoded only when transported across the network. Therefore, we
recommend using encryption at the network layer, either by using the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol
for HTTP connections, or Secure Network Communications (SNC) for the SAP protocols dialog and RFC.
Caution
Make sure that you perform this procedure before the newly installed SAP system goes into production.
For the users listed below, take the precautions described in the relevant SAP security guide.
You can find the security guide in the Security section of the product page for your SAP product at https://
help.sap.com/
Operating System and Database Users
After the installation, operating system users for SAP system, database, and SAP Host Agent are available as
listed in the following table:
Recommendation
For security reasons, we recommend that you remove the operating system users from the group sapinst
after you have completed the installation of your SAP system.
You do not have to do this if you specified this “cleanup” already during the Define Parameters phase on the
Cleanup Operating System Users screen. Then the removal had already been done automatically when the
processing of the installer had completed. For more information, see Operating System Users in SAP System
Parameters [page 53].
Operating System and Database Users
User Type
User
Comment
Operating system user
<sapsid>adm
SAP system administrator
SAP HANA database user
SAP<SAPSID>
SAP HANA database owner
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SAP Host Agent User
User Type
User
Comment
Operating system user
sapadm
SAP Host Agent administrator is the user for central
monitoring services.
You do not need to change the password of this user
after the installation.
This user is for administration purposes only.
You are not able to log on as sapadm as this user is
locked.
SAP System Users
After the installation, ABAP system users are available. The following table shows these users with the SAP
system clients in which they are available, together with recommendations on how you can ensure the security
of these users.
Note
Client 066 is no longer available in newly installed SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5 or higher. For
more information, see SAP Note 1749142 .
Note
Client 001 is no longer available in newly installed SAP systems based on SAP S/4HANA and SAP BW/
4HANA.
SAP System Users
User
User Name
Comment
SAP system user
SAP*
User exists in at least SAP system clients 000, 001,
and 066.
DDIC
User exists in at least SAP system clients 000 and
001.
EARLYWATCH
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User exists in at least SAP system client 066.
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User
User Name
Comment
Application Server Java Admin­
The name that you gave this user
This user exists in at least clients 000 and 001 of the
istrator
during the installation or the de­
ABAP system and in the User Management Engine
fault name J2EE_ADMIN (see
(UME) of the Java system. It has administrative per­
SAP System Parameters [page
missions for user management.
Note
This user has only been cre­
53])
ated if you have installed the
The password of this user is stored in secure storage.
Therefore, whenever you change the password of the
application server ABAP for
administrator password, you must also change the
an SAP Process Integration
password in secure storage.
(PI) 7.5 system or for an SAP
Recommendation
Solution Manager 7.2 system.
We recommend that you use strong password
and auditing policies for this user.
Application Server Java Guest
Note
This user has only been cre­
ated if you have installed the
The name that you gave this user
This user exists in at least clients 000 and 001 of the
during the installation or the de­
ABAP system and in the User Management Engine
fault name J2EE_GUEST (see
(UME) of the Java system. It is used for anonymous
SAP System Parameters [page
access.
53])
application server ABAP for
an SAP Process Integration
(PI) 7.5 system or for an SAP
Solution Manager 7.2 system.
Communication user for Appli­
The name that you gave this user
cation Server Java
during the installation or the de­
ABAP system and in the User Management Engine
fault name SAPJSF (see SAP
(UME) of the Java system. It is used for a remote
System Parameters [page 53])
function call (RFC) between the ABAP system and
Note
This user has only been cre­
This user exists in at least clients 000 and 001 of the
the Java system.
ated if you have installed the
application server ABAP for
an SAP Process Integration
(PI) 7.5 system or for an SAP
Solution Manager 7.2 system.
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6.20 Performing the Client Copy
To get a production client, you have to perform a copy of the SAP reference client.
Context
The installer creates three ABAP clients during the installation, client 000, client 001, and client 066.
Note
Client 066 is no longer available in newly installed SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5 or higher. For
more information, see SAP Note 1749142 .
Note
Client 001 is no longer available in newly installed SAP systems based on SAP S/4HANA and SAP BW/
4HANA.
Use client 000 as source client for the client copy.
Note
SAP SCM: If you want to mark the client 001 as not relevant for liveCache, run report /SAPAPO/
OM_NON_LC_RELEVANT_CLT or /SLCA_NON_LC_RELEVANT_CLIENT using transaction SE38.
Procedure
1. Maintain the new client with transaction SCC4.
2. Activate kernel user SAP*:
a. Set the profile parameter login/no_automatic_user_sapstar to 0.
b. Restart the application server.
3. Log on to the new client with kernel user SAP* and password PASS.
4. Copy the client with transaction SCCL and profile SAP_CUST.
5. Check the log files with transaction SCC3.
6. Create the required users. These users must have at least the authorizations required for user
administration and system administration. Create a user SAP* with all required authorizations for this user.
If you want to have other users for system administration, you can also create user SAP* without
authorizations.
7. Deactivate kernel user SAP*:
a. Reset login/no_automatic_user_sapstar to 1.
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b. Restart the application server.
Next Steps
For more information about the client copy and about how to perform it, see the SAP Library at :
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
http://help.sap.com/nw73
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package 1
http://help.sap.com/nw731
●
SAP Library Path (Continued)
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
Application Help
Application Server
Function-Oriented View: English
Application Server ABAP
Administration of Application Server ABAP
Transport System
Change and
BC – Client Copy and Transport
http://help.sap.com/nw74
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
●
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
http://help.sap.com/nw75
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
●
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
6.21 Installation or Upgrade of SAP HANA Studio
Here you find documentation about how to install or upgrade the SAP HANA Studio.
To install or upgrade SAP HANA studio, see the documentation SAP HANA Studio Installation and Update Guide
at https://help.sap.com/viewer/p/SAP_HANA_PLATFORM
Installation and Upgrade .
6.22 Backing Up the SAP HANA Database
Here you find documentation about how to back up the SAP HANA database.
Back up the SAP HANA database as described in section Backing Up and Recovering the SAP HANA Database
of the SAP HANA Administration Guide, which you can find here:
https://help.sap.com/viewer/p/SAP_HANA_PLATFORM
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6.23 SAP Systems Based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 and Higher:
Changing Keys for the Secure Storage
The secure storage in the file system and the secure storage in the database have been encrypted with a
randomly generated individual encryption key or with a default key.
In the first case, you have made a backup of the individual key because you need this value in case of failure to
recover the data.
No matter what you chose during installation, you can change the encryption key at any time using the
respective maintenance tool.
Recommendation
SAP recommends using an individual encryption key.
● For the secure storage in the file system, the key change is described in the SAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
http://help.sap.com/nw74
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
○
SAP Library Path (Continued)
Application Help
System Security
Only
Function-Oriented View: English
Security
System Security for SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP
Secure Storage in the File System (AS ABAP)
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for
ABAP 7.51 innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
○
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
● For the secure storage in the database, the key change is described in the SAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
http://help.sap.com/nw74
○
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
SAP Library Path (Continued)
Application Help
System Security
Function-Oriented View: English
Security
System Security for SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP
Secure Storage (ABAP)
http://help.sap.com/nw75
Only
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for
Individual Encryption Keys
Key Management
Using
Generating Encryption Keys
ABAP 7.51 innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
○
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
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More Information
See also the entry Individual Encryption Key for the Secure Storage in table SAP System Parameters in SAP
System Parameters [page 53].
6.24 Performing a Full Installation Backup
You must perform a full offline backup after the configuration of your SAP system. If required, you can also
perform a full offline backup after the installation (recommended). In addition, we recommend you to regularly
back up your database.
Caution
Make sure that you fully back up your database so that you can recover it later if necessary.
The UNIX commands used in this procedure work on all hardware platforms. For more information about
operating system-specific backup tools, see your operating system documentation.
You need to back up the following directories and files:
● All SAP-specific directories:
○ /usr/sap/<SAPSID>
○ You have logged on as user as
/usr/sap/trans
○ <sapmnt>/<SAPSID>
○ Home directory of the user <sapsid>adm
● All database-specific directories
● The root file system
This saves the structure of the system and all configuration files, such as file system size, logical volume
manager configuration, and database configuration data.
Note
This list is only valid for a standard installation.
Prerequisites
You have logged on as user <sapsid>adm and stopped the SAP system and database [page 180].
Use the backup tool of your choice and refer to the backup software documentation. You can also use the
standard UNIX commands as described below.
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Backing Up the Installation
1. Log on as user root.
2. Manually create a compressed tar archive that contains all installed files:
○ Saving to tape:
tar -cf - <file_system> | compress -c > <tape_device>
○ Saving to the file system:
tar -cf - <file_system> | compress -c > ARCHIVENAME.tar.Z
Note
Linux only: You can also execute the following command to manually create a compressed GNU tar
archive that contains all installed files and save it to the file system:
tar -czf <ARCHIVENAME>.tgz <file_system>
Restoring Your Backup
If required, you can restore the data that you previously backed up.
Caution
Check for modifications in the existing parameter files before you overwrite them when restoring the
backup.
1. Log on as user root.
2. Go to the location in your file system where you want to restore the backup image.
3. Restore the data with the following commands:
○ From tape:
cat <tape_device> | compress -cd | tar -xf ○ From the file system:
cat ARCHIVENAME.tar.Z | compress -cd | tar -xf Only valid for 'Platform': Linux
Note
Linux only: If you want to restore the data from a GNU tar archive, you have to execute the following
command:
tar -xzf <ARCHIVENAME>.tgz
End of 'Platform': Linux
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6.25 Logging on to the SAP Web Dispatcher Management
Console
This section describes how to log on to the SAP Web Dispatcher.
Context
Note
This step is only required if you chose to install an integrated SAP Web Dispatcher instance within the ASCS
instance.
You must log on to the SAP Web Dispatcher Management Console to do the following:
● Check whether the SAP Web Dispatcher was installed successfully,
● Change the password of the webadm user,
● Access monitoring and administration tools.
Procedure
1. Open a web browser.
2. Enter the following URL, depending on whether you use HTTP or HTTPS:
http(s)://<Webdispatcher_Host>:<HTTP(S)_PORT>/sap/wdisp/admin/public/
default.html
Example
https://plx282:44300/sap/wdisp/admin/public/default.html
3. Log on as user webadm with the password that you entered during the input phase of the installation.
The SAP Web Dispatcher Monitor screen appears.
4. We recommend that you change the password of webadm immediately after the installation for security
reasons.
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For more information on how to change passwords of existing users using the Admin Handler, see the
SAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quicklink
○
SAP Library Path (Continued)
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
Application Help
http://help.sap.com/nw73
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Pack­
Server
Function-Oriented View
Application Server Infrastructure
Application
Components of
SAP Web Dispatcher
age 1
SAP NetWeaver Application Server
http://help.sap.com/nw731
Administration of the SAP Web Dispatcher
Area menu
Section ”HTTP Handler”
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
Application Help
http://help.sap.com/nw74
○
○
Application Server Infrastructure
SAP NetWeaver Application Server
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
Administration of the SAP Web Dispatcher
innovation package
Administration Interface
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
Application
Components of
SAP Web Dispatcher
http://help.sap.com/nw75
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
○
Server
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
Function-Oriented View
Area menu
Using the Web
Section ”HTTP
Handler”
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
Related Information
ASCS Instance with Integrated SAP Web Dispatcher [page 29]
6.26 SAP Web Dispatcher Configuration (Optional)
After installing SAP Web Dispatcher, you must configure it to be able to use it.
Note
This step is only required if you chose to install an integrated SAP Web Dispatcher instance within the ASCS
instance.
You can find the configuration information in the SAP Library at:
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SAP Release and SAP Library Quicklink
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
http://help.sap.com/nw73
●
SAP Library Path (Continued)
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package
1
Application Help
Server Infrastructure
Application Server
Function-Oriented View
Application
Components of SAP NetWeaver
SAP Web Dispatcher
http://help.sap.com/nw731
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
http://help.sap.com/nw74
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
●
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
●
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
Related Information
ASCS Instance with Integrated SAP Web Dispatcher [page 29]
6.27 Gateway Configuration (Optional)
You have to configure the gateway to be able to use it.
Note
This step is only relevant if you installed a gateway integrated in the ASCS instance. For more information,
see ASCS Instance with Integrated Gateway [page 31].
You can find all relevant configuration information in the gateway documentation in the SAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quicklink
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
http://help.sap.com/nw73
●
SAP Library Path (Continued)
Application Help
Oriented View
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package Infrastructure
SAP NetWeaver Library: Function-
Application Server
Connectivity
Application Server
Gateway
1
http://help.sap.com/nw731
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SAP Release and SAP Library Quicklink
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
SAP Library Path (Continued)
Application Help
SAP NetWeaver Library: Function-
http://help.sap.com/nw74
Oriented View
Application Server
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
Infrastructure
Components of SAP NetWeaver Application
http://help.sap.com/nw75
Server
●
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
Application Server
Gateway
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
●
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
Related Information
ASCS Instance with Integrated Gateway [page 31]
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7
Additional Information
The following sections provide additional information about optional preparation, installation, and postinstallation tasks.
There is also a section describing how to delete an SAP system.
7.1
Integration of LDAP Directory Services
This section explains the benefits of using the SAP system with the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
(LDAP) directory and gives an overview of the configuration steps required to use an SAP system with the
directory.
LDAP defines a standard protocol for accessing directory services, which is supported by various directory
products such as Microsoft Active Directory, and OpenLDAP slapd. Using directory services enables
important information in a corporate network to be stored centrally on a server. The advantage of storing
information centrally for the entire network is that you only have to maintain data once, which avoids
redundancy and inconsistency.
If an LDAP directory is available in your corporate network, you can configure the SAP system to use this
feature. For example, a correctly configured SAP system can read information from the directory and also store
information there.
Note
The SAP system can interact with the Active Directory using the LDAP protocol, which defines:
● The communication protocol between the SAP system and the directory
● How data in the directory is structured, accessed, or modified
If a directory other than the Active Directory also supports the LDAP protocol, the SAP system can take
advantage of the information stored there. For example, if there is an LDAP directory on a UNIX or Windows
server, you can configure the SAP system to use the information available there. In the following text,
directories other than the Active Directory that implement the LDAP protocol are called generic LDAP
directories.
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This section does not provide information about the use of LDAP directories with the LDAP Connector. For
more information about using and configuring the LDAP Connector for an ABAP system, see the SAP Library
at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
●
SAP Library Path (Continued)
SAP NetWeaver Mobile 7.1
Application Help
http://help.sap.com/nwmobile71
●
Identity Management
SAP NetWeaver Mobile 7.1 including Enhancement
Server ABAP
Package 1
●
Function-Oriented View
Security
Identity Management of the Application
Configuration of User and Role Administration
http://help.sap.com/nwmobile711
Directory Services
LDAP Connector
SAP NetWeaver 7.1 for Banking Services from SAP
See the SAP NetWeaver Mobile Library.
5.0 and 6.0
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.1 including Enhancement Package
1 for Banking Services from SAP 5.0 and 6.0
●
Since the SAP NetWeaver Mobile 7.1 Library is the only avail­
able SAP Library for ABAP systems based on SAP
NetWeaver 7.1, in this guide we always refer to it also for SAP
NetWeaver 7.1 for Banking Services from SAP 5.0 and 6.0.
SAP NetWeaver Process Integration 7.1
Application Help
http://help.sap.com/nwpi71
●
SAP NetWeaver Process Integration 7.1 Including En­
hancement Package 1
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package
1
●
Server ABAP
Security
Security
Identity Management of the Application
Configuration of User and Role Administration
Application Help
http://help.sap.com/nw73
Function-Oriented View
Identity Management
Directory Services
http://help.sap.com/nwpi711
●
Note
LDAP Connector
Function-Oriented View: English
Identity Management
User and Role
Administration of Application Server ABAP
http://help.sap.com/nw731
User and Role Administration
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
Connector
Configuration of
Directory Services
LDAP
http://help.sap.com/nw74
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
●
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
●
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
Prerequisites
● You can only configure the SAP system for Active Directory services or other LDAP directories if these are
already available on the network. As of Windows 2000 or higher, the Active Directory is automatically
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Additional Information
available on all domain controllers. A generic LDAP directory is an additional component that you have to
install separately on a UNIX or Windows server.
● Make sure that the required software is installed:
Operating System
Required Software
AIX
IBM Tivoli Directory Server client packages
HP-UX
The LDAP libraries listed in SAP Note 541344
Linux
You must have at least the following RPM packages installed:
○
Oracle Linux:
openldap2
○
Red Hat Linux:
openldap2
○
SUSE LINUX
openldap2
openldap2-client
Solaris
You must have at least the libldap.so library installed.
Features
In the SAP environment, you can exploit the information stored in an Active Directory or generic LDAP directory
by using:
● SAP Logon
● The SAP Microsoft Management Console (SAP MMC)
For more information about the automatic registration of SAP components in LDAP directories and the
benefits of using it in SAP Logon and SAP MMC, see the documentation SAP System Information in
Directory Services at:
https://archive.sap.com/documents/docs/DOC-14384
● The SAP Management Console (SAP MC)
SAP Logon
Instead of using a fixed list of systems and message servers, you can configure SAP Logon in the sapmsg.ini
configuration file to find SAP systems and their message servers from the directory. If you configure SAP logon
to use the LDAP directory, it queries the directory each time Server or Group selection is chosen to fetch up-todate information on available SAP systems.
To use LDAP operation mode, check that the sapmsg.ini file contains the following:
[Address]
Mode=LDAPdirectory
LDAPserver=
LDAPnode=
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LDAPoptions=
Distinguish the following cases:
● If you use an Active Directory, you must set LDAPoptions=“DirType=NT5ADS”. For more information,
see the SAP system profile parameter ldap/options.
● You must specify the directory servers (for example, LDAPserver=pcintel6 p24709) if one of the
following is true:
○ The client is not located in the same domain forest as the Active Directory
○ The operating system does not have a directory service client (Windows NT and Windows 9X without
installed dsclient).
For more information, see the SAP system profile parameter ldap/servers.
● For other directory services, you can use LDAPnode to specify the distinguished name of the SAP root
node. For more information, see the SAP system profile parameter ldap/saproot.
SAP MMC
The SAP MMC is a graphical user interface (GUI) for administering and monitoring SAP systems from a central
location. It is automatically set up when you install an SAP system on Windows. If the SAP system has been
prepared correctly, the SAP MMC presents and analyzes system information that it gathers from various
sources, including the Active Directory.
Integrating the Active Directory as a source of information has advantages for the SAP MMC. It can read
system information straight from the directory that automatically registers changes to the system landscape.
As a result, up-to-date information about all SAP application servers, their status, and parameter settings is
always available in the SAP MMC.
If you need to administer distributed systems, we especially recommend that you use the SAP MMC together
with Active Directory services. You can keep track of significant events in all of the systems from a single SAP
MMC interface. You do not need to manually register changes in the system configuration. Instead, such
changes are automatically updated in the directory and subsequently reflected in the SAP MMC.
If your SAP system is part of a heterogeneous SAP system landscape that comprises systems or instances
both on Unix and Windows operating systems, you can also use the SAP MMC for operating and monitoring the
instances running on Unix.
SAP MC
The SAP MC is a graphical user interface (GUI) for administering and monitoring SAP systems from a central
location. The SAP MC is automatically set up when you install an SAP system on any platform. If the SAP
system has been prepared correctly, the SAP MC presents and analyzes system information that it gathers
from various sources, including a generic LDAP Directory.
Integrating a generic LDAP Directory as a source of information has advantages for the SAP MC. It can read
system information straight from the directory that automatically registers changes to the system landscape.
As a result, up-to-date information about all SAP application servers, their status, and parameter settings is
always available in the SAP MC.
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For more information about the SAP MC and about how to configure it to access LDAP directories, see the
documentation SAP Management Console in the SAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
Application Help
http://help.sap.com/nw73
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package 1
http://help.sap.com/nw731
●
SAP Library Path (Continued)
Function-Oriented View: English
Solution Life Cycle Management
SAP Management
Console
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
http://help.sap.com/nw74
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
●
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
http://help.sap.com/nw75
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
●
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
Configuration Tasks for LDAP Directories
This section describes the configuration tasks for the Active Directory or other (generic) LDAP directories.
● Configuration Tasks for Active Directory
To enable an SAP system to use the features offered by the Active Directory, you have to configure the
Active Directory so that it can store SAP system data.
To prepare the directory, you use the installer to automatically:
○ Extend the Active Directory schema to include the SAP-specific data types
○ Create the domain accounts required to enable the SAP system to access and modify the Active
Directory. These are the group SAP_LDAP and the user sapldap.
○ Create the root container where information related to SAP is stored
○ Control access to the container for SAP data by giving members of the SAP_LDAP group permission to
read and write to the directory
You do this by running the installer on the Windows server on which you want to use Active Directory
Services and choosing
Generic Installation Options
<Database>
Preparations
LDAP Registration
Active Directory Configuration . For more information about running the installer on Windows, see the
documentation Installation Guide – <Product> on Windows: <Database>.
Note
You have to configure the directory server only once. Then all SAP systems that need to register in this
directory server can use this setup.
● Configuration Tasks for Generic LDAP Directories
To configure other LDAP directories, refer to the documentation of your directory vendor.
● Enabling the SAP System LDAP Registration
Once you have correctly configured your directory server, you can enable the LDAP registration of the SAP
system by setting some profile parameters in the default profile.
To do this, run the installer [page 114] once for your system and choose:
Generic Installation Options
<Database>
Preparations
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If you use a directory server other than Microsoft Active Directory and/or non-Windows application
servers, you have to store the directory user and password information by using ldappasswd
pf=<any_instance_profile>. The information is encrypted for storage in DIR_GLOBAL and is therefore
valid for all application servers. After restarting all application servers and start services, the system is
registered in your directory server. The registration protocols of the components are dev_ldap*. The
registration is updated every time a component starts.
7.2
Installation of Multiple Components in One Database
You can install multiple SAP systems in a single database. This is called Multiple Components in One Database
(MCOD).
Recommendation
MCOD is generally available and there is no intention to de-support this installation feature.
However, SAP recommends that customers should not use the MCOD feature when installing new systems.
The major drawbacks are as follows:
● Previous-point-in-time (PPT) recovery of a single system within an MCOD installation becomes a highly
complex and time-consuming procedure.
● SAP Landscape Management (LaMa) is generally not supported for MCOD installations. For more
information, see SAP Note 1709155 .
● There are strong dependencies, for example on the database version used for the MCOD system.
● Downtime - planned or unplanned - always affects all systems sharing the same database.
Exception: In case of a dual-stack split you can use the “Keep Database” option thus keeping ABAP and
Java stack in one database. There, the PPT recovery problem does not apply because both stacks belong
logically together and would always be recovered jointly anyhow. However, keep in mind that even for this
specific case the introduction of SAP Landscape Management would require a split into separate database
subsystems.
Additional information might be available in SAP Note 2146542
.
MCOD is available with all SAP components and all the major databases for the SAP system. No extra effort is
required because the MCOD installation is fully integrated into the standard installation procedure. MCOD is
not an additional installation option. Instead, it is an option of the database instance installation.
A productive SAP system with SAP HANA database cannot be an MCOD system. For more information about
and 1681092 .
the supported MCOD systems with SAP HANA Database, see SAP Notes 1661202
With MCOD we distinguish two scenarios:
● The installation of an SAP system in a new database
● The installation of an additional SAP system in an existing database (MCOD)
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Prerequisites
● For more information about MCOD and its availability on different platforms, see Multiple Components in
One Database (MCOD) at: https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/pages/viewpage.action?pageId=448466580 .
● Since SAP does not support mixed solutions with MCOD, your SAP system must contain Unicode SAP
instances only.
● Improved sizing required
You calculate the CPU usage for an MCOD database by adding up the CPU usage for each individual SAP
system. You can do the same for memory resources and disk space.
You can size multiple components in one database by sizing each individual component using the Quick
Sizer tool and then adding the requirements together. For more information about the Quick Sizer, see
http://sap.com/sizing
.
Features
● Reduced administration effort
● Consistent system landscape for backup, system copy, administration, and recovery
● Increased security and reduced database failure for multiple SAP systems due to monitoring and
administration of only one database
● Independent upgrade
In an MCOD landscape, you can upgrade a single component independently from the other components
running in the same database, assuming that the upgraded component runs on the same database
version. However, if you need to restore a backup, be aware that all other components are also affected.
Note
Special MCOD considerations and differences from the standard procedure are listed where relevant in the
installation documentation.
Constraints
● We strongly recommend that you test MCOD in a test or development system. We recommend that you
run MCOD systems in the same context. We do not recommend that you mix test, development, and
production systems in the same MCOD.
● In the event of database failure, all SAP systems running on the single database are affected.
● Automated support in an MCOD landscape for the following administrative tasks depends on your
operating system and database:
○ Copying a single component from an MCOD landscape to another database at database level.
○ Uninstalling a single component from an MCOD landscape requires some additional steps. You can use
a remote connection to SAP support to request help with these tasks. For more information, see
http://support.sap.com/remoteconnection .
● You cannot install a Unicode ABAP system with a non-Unicode ABAP system in one database.
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● For the first SAP system, the database system ID can be different from the SAP system ID.
● For the second SAP system, you must use the same <DBSID> as for the first SAP system.
● If you decide to turn off database logging during the database load phase of the installation, you need to
plan downtime for all MCOD systems sharing the database.
7.3
Creating a User for LDAP Directory Access
Use
If you use LDAP directory services, you have to set up a user with a password on the host where the SAP
system is running. This permits the SAP system to access and modify the LDAP directory.
For more information, see Integration of LDAP Directory Services in the Windows installation guide for your SAP
system solution and database.
Prerequisites
During the SAP instance installation you chose to configure the SAP system to integrate LDAP services.
Procedure
1. Log on as user <sapsid>adm.
2. Enter:
ldappasswd pf=<Path_and_Name_of_Instance_Profile>
3. Enter the required data.
Example
The following is an example of an entry to create an LDAP Directory User:
CN=sapldap,CN=Users,DC=nt5,DC=sap-ag,DC=de
7.4
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Related Information
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for Linux [page 173]
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for AIX [page 171]
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for Oracle Solaris [page 175]
Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for HP-UX [page 172]
7.4.1 Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for AIX
This topic is only valid for 'Platform': AIX
This procedure describes how to export and mount directories via NFS for AIX using the command line.
Context
This section only provides the basic procedure. If you need more detailed information, check your OS vendor's
documentation.
Procedure
● To export an NFS filesystem, do the following steps:
a. Take the backup of the exports file:
cp -p /etc/exports /etc/exports_bak
b. Create an entry for each directory to be exported, using the full path name of the directory:
vi /etc/exports
c. Read the /etc/exports file and export all the directories listed:
exportfs -a
d. Confirm the exported directory listed:
showmount -e
e. Confirm the nfs client name and directory list:
showmount -a
● Mounting the NFS filesystem on the client:
a. Verify if the NFS server has exported the directory.
showmount -e <server_name>
b. Create the mounting directory if not already exist.
mkdir /local_directory
c. Mount the remote directory on the client:
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mount <ServerName>:/<remote_directory> /<local_directory>
d. Confirm that the NFS filesystem has been mounted:
df -gt <NFS mount_name>
End of 'Platform': AIX
7.4.2 Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for HP-UX
This topic is only valid for 'Platform': HP-UX
This section describes how to export and mount directories via NFS for HP-UX manually.
Context
This section only provides the basic procedure. If you need more detailed information, check your OS vendor's
documentation.
Procedure
1. On the host where you want to export directories do the following:
a. Add the file system that you want to export to the file /etc/dfs/dfstab using the following syntax:
share –F nfs –o root= <client_1>:<client_n> access= <client_1>:<client_n>
<file system to share>
share –F nfs –o root=hw5111:hw5115, access=hw511:hw5115 /sapmnt/C11/exe.
If you encounter problems, try using the FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name).
b. To make the file system available to NFS clients, enter the following command:
/usr/sbin/shareall
2. On the host where you want to mount the directories you exported in the previous step, do the following:
a. Add the remote file system to /etc/fstab.
hw5115:/sapmnt/C11 /sapmnt/C11 nfs defaults 0 0
b. Mount the file system.
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mount -a
End of 'Platform': HP-UX
7.4.3 Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for Linux
This topic is only valid for 'Platform': Linux
To export directories via NFS, perform the following steps.
Context
This section only provides the basic procedure. If you need more detailed information, check your OS vendor's
documentation.
The following procedure assumes that the central instance host is the NFS server.
Procedure
1. Log on as user root to the NFS server.
2. Make sure that your host is configured as NFS server as follows:
○ On Red Hat Linux, make sure that the output of the command:
chkconfig --list nfs
The output looks as follows:
Example
nfs 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:on 4:on 5:on 6:off
○ On SUSE Linux, enter the following command:
○ yast2
You can set up your host as NFS server as follows:
○ On Red Hat Linux, enter the following command:
system-config-users
○ On SUSE Linux, enter the following command:
yast2
3. To export a directory from a local file system, you can proceed as follows:
○ On Red Hat Linux, use the following tool:
system-config-nfs
○ On SUSE Linux, use the following tool:
yast2
Perform the configuration manually.
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To perform the configuration manually, proceed as follows:
a. To add a line to the local file /etc/exports, enter the following:
#/etc/exports
<directory> <hostname>(<options>)
Note
There must not be a blank between <hostname> and<options>. Otherwise, the directory is
exported with default option (ro) (read-only) to the host specified by <hostname> and with the
option specified by <options> to all other hosts.
To export directories on Linux with root permissions, use the option no_root_squash. For security
reason, only use this option during installation.
Example
○ To export the directory /usr/sap/trans in read-only mode to the NFS client host.wdf.sap-ag.de,
enter the following:
#/etc/exports
/usr/sap/trans host.wdf.sap-ag.de(ro)
○ To export the directory in read-write mode with root permissions, enter the following:
#/etc/exports
/usr/sap/trans host.wdf.sap-ag.de(rw,no_root_squash)
○ To export the directory to all NFS clients of the domain using a wildcard (*), enter the following:
#/etc/exports
/usr/sap/trans *.wdf.sap-ag.de(rw)
b. To activate the changes (that is, inform the NFS daemon about the changes performed in /etc/
exports), enter the following command:
exportfs -r
c. To see a list of all currently exported directories, enter the following command:
exportfs -v
For more information, consult the man page by entering man exports.
4. Log on as user root to the host where the file system is to be imported.
5. To mount the file systems, enter the following command:
mount <nfs_server>:<file_system> <mount_point>
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Example
mount <nfs_server>:/usr/sap/trans /usr/sap/trans
End of 'Platform': Linux
7.4.4 Exporting and Mounting Directories via NFS for Oracle
Solaris
This topic is only valid for 'Platform': Oracle Solaris
To mount directories via NFS from the host where the directory resides that you want to mount, log on as user
root and proceed as follows.
Context
This section only provides the basic procedure. If you need more detailed information, check your OS vendor's
documentation.
Procedure
● On the host on which the directory to be mounted resides:
a. Enter the following command:
/usr/sbin/share
b. To add file systems shared via NFS, edit file /etc/dfs/dfstab:
vi /etc/dfs/dfstab
Add the following line for each file system:
share -F nfs -o root=<nfsclient1>:<nfsclient2>,anon=0 -d "description"
<file_system_to_be_shared>
Note
Depending on your configuration, a full qualified name may be required for nfsclient, for
example, myclient.mydomain.com.
Caution
After your SAP system has been installed successfully, in the above line you have to change -o
root to -o rw (or remove anon=0, respectively) for all exported directories:
share -F nfs -o rw=<nfsclient1>:<nfsclient2> -d "description"
<file_system_to_be_shared>
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c. If the /etc/dfs/dfstab was empty, the NFS server is not active.
○ On Solaris 9, start the NFS server with the following command:
/etc/init.d/nfs.server start
○ On Solaris 10, start the NFS server with the following command:
svcadm enable svc:/network/nfs/server:default
d. To see if the NFS server is active and which partitions are mountable, enter the command:
showmount -e <NFS-server>
● On the host on which the additional instance runs:
a. If you are mounting NFS disks for the first time, the NFS client software is not active.
○ On Solaris 9, start the NFS server with the following command:
/etc/init.d/nfs.client start
○ On Solaris 10, start the NFS server with the following command:
svcadm enable svc:/network/nfs/client:default
b. Edit the file /etc/vfstab to mount the directory:
Edit the file /etc/vfstab to mount the directory:
vi /etc/vfstab
Add the following line for each file system:
<host_name_where_directory_resides>:<file_system_to_be_shared> - <mount
point> nfs - yes If the mount point exists, mount <file_system_to_be_shared> with the command:
mount <mount point>
End of 'Platform': Oracle Solaris
7.5
Heterogeneous SAP System Installation
This section provides information on the installation of an SAP system in a heterogeneous system landscape.
“Heterogeneous system landscape” means that application servers run on different operating systems.
See SAP Note 1067221
for more information on:
● Supported combinations of operating systems and database systems
● How to install an application server on Windows in a heterogeneous (UNIX) SAP system environment
● Heterogeneous SAP system landscapes with different UNIX operating systems
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7.6
Installing the SAP Host Agent Separately
This procedure tells you how to install an SAP Host Agent separately.
Context
The SAP Host Agent is installed automatically during the installation of new SAP instances with SAP kernel 7.20
or higher (integrated installation). This procedure is only for hosts with no SAP Host Agent running on them,
due to the following reasons:
● There is no SAP system or instance on the host.
● The SAP system or instance running on the host has a kernel release lower than SAP kernel 7.20 and the
host does not yet have an SAP Host Agent.
● You have upgraded your SAP system to a release with a kernel release lower than SAP kernel 7.20 and the
host of the upgraded system or instance does not yet have an SAP Host Agent.
SAP Host Agent has the following executable programs and services:
● The SAPHostExec service
● The sapstartsrv service SAPHostControl
● The operating system collector saposcol
Note
The installed programs are automatically started when the host is booted.
The automatic start is ensured by the startup script sapinit, which starts the required executables.
The following procedure describes the steps you have to perform on the host where you install the SAP Host
Agent separately.
Procedure
1. Check the hardware and software requirements on the installation host.
The minimum requirements are as follows:
○ Hard Disk Space: 1 GB
○ RAM: 0.5 GB
○ Swap Space: 2 x RAM
For more information, see hardware and software requirements [page 38].
2. Make sure that the sapadm user is created.
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During the installation, the installer checks all required accounts (users, groups) and services on the local
machine. The installer checks whether the required users and groups already exist. If not, it creates new
users and groups as necessary.
User and Groups of the SAP Host Agent
User
Primary Group
Additional Group
Comment
sapadm
sapsys
–
SAP Host Agent administrator
Note
If sapadm does not exist, it is
created during the SAP Host
Agent installation using /bin/
false shell.
Make sure that /bin/false
can be used as a login shell.
Only valid for 'Platform': AIX
AIX: Add /bin/false to the
list of valid login shells (attrib­
ute shells) in /etc/
security/login.cfg.
End of 'Platform': AIX
Groups and Members of the SAP Host Agent User
Groups
Members
sapsys
sapadm
sapinst
sapadm
3. Set up the required file system for the SAP Host Agent:
Directories
Description
Required Disk Space
/usr/sap/hostctrl
Contains the following directories:
100 MB
○
exe
Contains the profile
host_profile
○
work
Working directory of the SAP Host
Agent
For more information, see Setting up file systems and raw devices [page 78].
4. Download and unpack the Software Provisioning Manager archive on the host where you want to install the
SAP Host Agent as described in Downloading and Extracting the Software Provisioning Manager 1.0
Archive [page 93].
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5. Make the latest patch level of the SAPHOSTAGENT <Version>.SAR file available on the host where you
want to install the SAP Host Agent.
You can do this in the following ways:
○ Download it from the following path: https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter
SUPPORT PACKAGES & PATCHES
AGENT
SAP HOST AGENT 7.21
By Category
SAP Technology Components
SAP HOST
<Operating System>
○ Alternatively, you can also copy it from the UC kernel medium (folder K_<Version>_U_<OS>), where
“_U_” means Unicode.
You can either use the physical UC kernel medium from the installation package of your SAP system,
or download the kernel medium from https://launchpad.support.sap.com/#/softwarecenter . For
more information, see Downloading Complete Installation Media [page 101] .
Recommendation
It is highly recommended that you always choose the highest SP version of the SAPHOSTAGENT<SPversion>.SAR archive.
6. To install the SAP Host Agent, you start the installer [page 114] and choose
<Database>
Preparations
SAP Host Agent
Generic Installation Options
on the Welcome screen of the installer.
7. Check whether the installed services are available:
a. Log on as a user with root authorizations.
Note
When the host is booted, the startup script sapinit automatically starts the required executables.
b. Check whether the following services are available:
○ The control program saphostexec
○ The SAP NetWeaver Management agent SAPHostControl (sapstartsrv in host mode)
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Next Steps
For more information about the SAP Host Agent, see the following documentation:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
●
SAP Library Path (Continued)
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
Application Help
http://help.sap.com/nw73
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package 1
Function-Oriented View: English
Solution Life Cycle Management
SAP Host Agent
http://help.sap.com/nw731
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
http://help.sap.com/nw74
●
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
●
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
●
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
7.7
Starting and Stopping SAP System Instances
Start or stop SAP system instances in one of the following ways:
● Using the SAP Management Console (SAP MC) [page 180]
● Using commands [page 184].
7.7.1 Starting and Stopping SAP System Instances Using the
SAP Management Console
You can start and stop all instances of your SAP system using the SAP Management Console (SAP MC)except
the database instance.
Prerequisites
● Make sure that the host names defined in the DNS server match the names of the SAP system instance
hosts. In particular, keep in mind that host names are case-sensitive. For example, if the names of the SAP
system instance hosts are in upper case, but the same host names are defined in the DNS server in lower
case, starting and stopping the system does not work.
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● If you want to start or restart remote systems or instances, make sure that you have registered them in the
SAP Management Console (SAP MC). You do not need to register SAP systems or instances installed on
the local host, because the SAP MC displays them automatically.
● The SAP Host Agent is installed on the host where the application server of the SAP system or instance
runs.
● You have installed Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 5.0 or higher.
● Your Web browser supports Java.
● Your Web browser's Java plug-in is installed and enabled to run scripting of Java applets.
Context
Recommendation
If you experience any issues when starting or using the SAP MC, refer to SAP Note 1153713
.
● For more information about handling the SAP MC, see the SAP Library at:
SAP Release and SAP Library Quick Link
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
http://help.sap.com/nw73
○
SAP Library Path (Continued)
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package
1
Application Help
Function-Oriented View: English
Solution Life Cycle Management
SAP Management
Console
http://help.sap.com/nw731
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
http://help.sap.com/nw74
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
○
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
○
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
● If your newly installed SAP system is part of a heterogeneous SAP system landscape comprising systems
or instances on Windows platforms, you can also start and stop it from a Windows system or instance
using the SAP Microsoft Management Console (SAP MMC).
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For more information about handling the SAP MMC, see the SAP Library at:
Release SAP Library Quick Link
○
SAP Library Path (Continued)
SAP NetWeaver 7.3
Application Help
http://help.sap.com/nw73
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.3 including Enhancement Package
Function-Oriented View: English
Solution Life Cycle Management
SAP Microsoft
Management Console: Windows
1
http://help.sap.com/nw731
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.4
http://help.sap.com/nw74
○
SAP NetWeaver 7.5
http://help.sap.com/nw75
○
SAP NetWeaver Application Server for ABAP 7.51
innovation package
https://help.sap.com/nw751abap
○
SAP NetWeaver AS for ABAP 7.52
https://help.sap.com/nw752abap
Procedure
● Starting the Web-Based SAP Management Console
1. Start a Web browser and enter the following URL:
http://<Host_Name>:5<Instance_Number>13
Example
If the instance number is 53 and the host name is saphost06, you enter the following URL:
http://saphost06:55313
This starts the SAP MC Java applet.
Note
If your browser displays a security warning message, choose the option that indicates that you trust
the applet.
2. Choose Start.
The SAP Management Console (SAP MC) appears.
By default, the instances installed on the host you have connected to are already added in the SAP MC.
Note
If the instances have not been added or if you want to change the configuration to display systems
and instances on other hosts, you have to register your system manually. This is described in
Registering Systems and Instances in the SAP Management Console below.
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● Starting SAP Systems or Instances
Similarly, you can start or restart all SAP systems and individual instances registered in the SAP MC.
1. In the navigation pane, open the tree structure and navigate to the system node that you want to start.
2. Select the system or instance and choose Start from the context menu.
3. In the Start SAP System(s) dialog box, choose the required options.
4. Choose OK.
The SAP MC starts the specified system or system instances.
Note
The system might prompt you for the SAP system administrator credentials. To complete the
operation, you require administration permissions.
Log in as user <sapsid>adm.
Starting SAP System Instances Successively
If you need to start the instances of an SAP system successively – for example when you want to start a
distributed or a high-availability system – proceed as follows:
1. Start the database instance.
2. Start the ABAP central services instance ASCS<Instance_Number>.
3. Start the primary application server instance D[VEBMGS]<Instance_Number>.
Note
In SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5 or higher, the primary application server instance is
named D<Instance_Number>.
In SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 or lower, the primary application server instance is
named DVEBMGS<Instance_Number>.
4. Start additional application server instances D<Instance_Number>, if there are any.
● Stopping SAP Systems or Instances
Similarly, you can stop all SAP systems and individual instances registered in the SAP MC.
1. Select the system or instance you want to stop and choose Stop from the context menu.
2. In the Stop SAP System(s) dialog box, choose the required options.
3. Choose OK.
The SAP MC stops the specified system or system instances.
Note
The system might prompt you for the SAP system administrator credentials. To complete the
operation, you require administration permissions.
Log in as user <sapsid>adm.
Stopping SAP System Instances Successively
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If you need to stop the instances of an SAP system successively – for example when you want to start a
distributed or a high-availability system – proceed as follows:
1. Stop additional application server instances D<Instance_Number>, if there are any.
2. Stop the primary application server instance D[VEBMGS]<Instance_Number> .
Note
In SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.5 or higher, the primary application server instance is
named D<Instance_Number>.
In SAP systems based on SAP NetWeaver 7.4 or lower, the primary application server instance is
named DVEBMGS<Instance_Number>.
3. Stop the ABAP central services instance ASCS<Instance_Number>.
4. Stop the database instance.
7.7.2 Starting and Stopping SAP System Instances Using
Commands
Prerequisites
You are logged on to the SAP system host as user <sapsid>adm.
Context
Note
The startsap and stopsap commands are deprecated. SAP recommends that you do not use them any
longer. For more information, see SAP Notes 1763593
and 809477
.
This section only lists the basic commands how to start or stop an SAP system. You can find a detailed list of all
SAPControl options and features in the command line help, which you can call as follows:
/usr/sap/hostctrl/exe/sapcontrol --help
Procedure
● Starting an SAP System or Instance
○ Starting an SAP System:
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You can start an SAP system by executing the following commands from the command line
(<Instance_Number> can be the number of any instance of the SAP system):
/usr/sap/hostctrl/exe/sapcontrol -nr <instance_number> -function StartSystem
○ Starting an SAP System Instance
You can start an SAP system instance by executing the following commands from the command line:
/usr/sap/hostctrl/exe/sapcontrol -nr <instance_number> -function Start
For remote instances, the syntax is slightly different, because you also have to apply the -host and user parameters:
/usr/sap/hostctrl/exe/sapcontrol –nr <instance_number> -host <remote host> –
user <sapsid>adm <password> -function Start
● Stopping an SAP System or Instance
○ Stopping an SAP System
You can stop an SAP system by executing the following commands from the command line
(<Instance_Number> can be the number of any instance of the SAP system):
/usr/sap/hostctrl/exe/sapcontrol -nr <instance_number> -function StopSystem
○ Stopping an SAP System Instance
You can stop an SAP system instance by executing the following commands from the command line:
/usr/sap/hostctrl/exe/sapcontrol -nr <instance_number> -function Stop
For remote instances, the syntax is slightly different, because you also have to apply the -host and user parameters:
/usr/sap/hostctrl/exe/sapcontrol –nr <instance_number> -host <remote host> –
user <sapsid>adm <password> -function Stop
Note
The database is not stopped by these commands. You have to stop the database using databasespecific tools or commands.
● Checking System Instance and Processes
○ With the following command you get a list of system instances, their status, and the ports used by
them (<Instance_Number> can be the number of any instance of the SAP system):
/usr/sap/hostctrl/exe/sapcontrol –nr <instance_number> -host <remote host> –
user <sapsid>adm <password> -function GetSystemInstanceList
○ With the following command you get a list of instance processes and their status:
/usr/sap/hostctrl/exe/sapcontrol –nr <instance_number> -host <remote host> –
user <sapsid>adm <password> -function GetProcessList
● Troubleshooting
If you get an error like "FAIL: NIECONN_REFUSED", execute sapcontrol -nr <Instance_Number>
-function StartService <SAPSID> to ensure that sapstartsrv is running. Then execute again the
start or stop command.
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7.8
Deleting an SAP System or Single Instances
This section describes how to delete a complete SAP system or single SAP instances with the Uninstall option
of the installer.
Prerequisites
● You have installed your SAP system with standard SAP tools according to the installation documentation.
● You are logged on as a user with root permissions.
Caution
Do not use the <sapsid>adm user to delete the SAP system.
● Make sure that the SAP system, or single instance, or standalone engine, or optional standalone unit to be
deleted is down and that you are not logged on as one of the SAP system users. Also check that all SAPrelated processes are stopped. If there is a lock on one of the SAP system objects, the uninstall fails.
Note
You do not have to stop the SAP Host Agent. The SAP Host Agent is stopped automatically during the
uninstall process.
● When starting the uninstall, make sure that there are no SAP system user sessions still open.
Context
Note the following when deleting an SAP system or single instances:
● We strongly recommend that you delete an SAP system or single instances using the installer. However,
you can also delete an SAP system or single instance manually. For more information, see SAP Note
1259982 .
● You cannot delete an SAP system remotely.
● If you delete network-wide users, groups or service entries in an environment with Network Information
System (NIS), other SAP installations might also be affected. Make sure that the users, groups, and service
entries to be deleted are no longer required.
● During the uninstall process, all file systems and subdirectories of the selected SAP system or single
instance are deleted. Before you start uninstalling, check that you have saved a copy of all files and
directories that you want to keep to a secure location.
● The uninstall process is designed to remove as much as possible of the SAP system to be deleted. If an
item cannot be removed, a message informs you that you have to remove this item manually. You can do
this either at once or after the uninstall process has finished. As soon as you confirm the message, the
uninstall process continues.
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Procedure
1. Start the installer as described in Running the Installer [page 114].
2. On the Welcome screen, choose:
Generic Installation Options
<Database>
Uninstall
Uninstall SAP Systems or Single Instances
3. Follow the instructions on the installer screens to delete a complete SAP system or single instances.
Note
To find more information on each parameter during the Define Parameters phase, position the cursor on
the required parameter input field , and choose either F1 or the HELP tab. Then the available help text
is displayed in the HELP tab.
The following table provides information about deleting a complete system or single instances with the
installer.
Deletion of
Remarks
Standard system
You can delete a standard system (where all instances except the database instance
reside on the same host) in one installer run.
Distributed or high-availability
If you want to delete a distributed or high-availability system, you have to run the in­
system
staller to delete the required instances locally on each of the hosts belonging to the
SAP system in the following sequence:
1.
Additional application server instances, if there are any
Caution
Do not select checkbox Uninstall all instances of the SAP system from this host
if you do not want to uninstall the complete SAP system or standalone engine.
For example, do not select this checkbox if you only want to uninstall an addi­
tional application server instance of an existing SAP system distributed over
several hosts. Otherwise the contents of mounted global directories under /
<sapmnt>/<SAPSID>/, such as instance profiles and kernel executables, are
also deleted.
2. Primary application server instance
3. Database instance
Do not delete the SAP HANA database instance. However, you can delete the da­
tabase clients and the database users on the SAP application servers.
4. ABAP Central services instance (ASCS)
Note
To delete system directories mounted from an NFS server, you have to run the in­
staller on the NFS server.
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Deletion of
Additional application server
Remarks
If you want to delete additional application server instances of an existing SAP sys­
tem, you have to run the installer to delete them locally on each additional application
server instance host.
Standalone SAP Host Agent
The SAP Host Agent is automatically uninstalled from a host together with the last re­
maining SAP system instance.
If you want to uninstall a standalone SAP Host Agent, deselect Profiles Available and
select Uninstall Standalone SAP Host Agent on the General SAP System Parameters
screen.
4. When you have finished, delete the relevant directory structure on the global host.
5. If you created the directories /usr/sap/<SAPSID> and /<sapmnt>/<SAPSID> as mount points, but not
as directories on the local file system, you have to remove them manually.
6. To remove obsolete SLD data, see the following document: https://wiki.scn.sap.com/wiki/display/SL/
More+on+System+Landscape+Directory
How-to Manage House-Cleaning in the System Landscape
Directory - Duplicate System Entries
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