maxView Storage Manager User'

.
maxView Storage
Manager User's Guide
CDP-00285-04-A Rev. A
Issue : May 15, 2014
maxView Storage Manager User's Guide
Copyright © 2014 PMC-Sierra, Inc. All rights reserved.
The information in this document is proprietary and confidential to
PMC-Sierra, Inc. In any event, no part of this document may be reproduced
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PMC-Sierra, Inc.
CDP-00285-04-A Rev. A, Issue
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Revision History
Issue
Issue Date
Details of Change
1.06
May 15, 2014
Adaptec maxView Storage Manager Version 1.06
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Contents
Adaptec by PMC Product Support............................................................................................................................10
Software License Agreement....................................................................................................................................12
1 About this Guide...................................................................................................................................................15
What You Need to Know Before You Begin..................................................................................................15
Terminology Used in this Guide...................................................................................................................15
How to Find More Information....................................................................................................................16
2 Introduction to maxView Storage Manager..........................................................................................................17
Getting Started.............................................................................................................................................17
About maxView Storage Manager ...............................................................................................................17
About the maxView Storage Manager Agent .................................................................................18
About the maxView Storage Manager Web Server.........................................................................18
About the maxView Storage Manager CIM Server..........................................................................18
System Requirements..................................................................................................................................19
Browser Support..........................................................................................................................................19
Typical Storage Space Configurations...........................................................................................................20
A Simple Storage Space...................................................................................................................20
An Advanced Storage Space............................................................................................................20
Continuing to Grow Your Storage Space..........................................................................................21
3 Installing maxView Storage Manager....................................................................................................................22
Before You Begin the Installation.................................................................................................................22
Gather Installation Information.......................................................................................................22
Download the Installation Packages................................................................................................22
Installing on Windows..................................................................................................................................23
Installing on Red Hat, Cent OS, SuSE, or Fedora Linux.................................................................................24
Installing on Debian or Ubuntu Linux...........................................................................................................25
Installing on Solaris......................................................................................................................................25
Installing on VMware ESX 4.1.......................................................................................................................25
Installing on VMware ESXi 5.x......................................................................................................................26
Installing on Citrix XenServer.......................................................................................................................27
Installing on a Guest Operating System.......................................................................................................27
Installing on a Windows Guest OS...................................................................................................27
Installing on a Linux Guest OS..........................................................................................................29
Running maxView Storage Manager from a Bootable USB Image ..............................................................29
Uninstalling maxView Storage Manager......................................................................................................30
Uninstalling from Windows.............................................................................................................30
Uninstalling from Red Hat, Cent OS, SuSE, or Fedora Linux.............................................................30
Uninstalling from Debian or Ubuntu Linux......................................................................................30
Uninstalling from Solaris..................................................................................................................30
Uninstalling from VMware ESX 4.1..................................................................................................31
Uninstalling from VMware ESXi 5.x.................................................................................................31
4 Exploring maxView Storage Manager...................................................................................................................32
Starting maxView Storage Manager and Logging In ....................................................................................32
Working in maxView Storage Manager........................................................................................................32
Overview of the Main Window....................................................................................................................32
The Enterprise View ........................................................................................................................33
What do the Enterprise View Icons Mean? ......................................................................34
The Ribbon ......................................................................................................................................35
The Storage Dashboard...................................................................................................................35
Checking System Status from the Main Window.........................................................................................36
Revealing More Device Information ............................................................................................................37
Getting Help.................................................................................................................................................39
Logging Out of maxView Storage Manager..................................................................................................39
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5 Building Your Storage Space.................................................................................................................................40
Overview......................................................................................................................................................40
Choosing a Management System.................................................................................................................40
‘Local’ or ‘Remote’?.........................................................................................................................40
Logging in on the Local System .......................................................................................................41
Starting maxView Storage Manager on Remote Systems............................................................................41
Starting the Agent Only ..................................................................................................................41
Windows.............................................................................................................................42
Linux or VMware.................................................................................................................42
Solaris..................................................................................................................................43
Logging into Remote Systems from the Local System..................................................................................43
Creating Logical Drives.................................................................................................................................44
Express Configuration .....................................................................................................................44
Custom Configuration......................................................................................................................47
Partitioning and Formatting Your Logical Drives..............................................................................50
Creating Logical Drives on Other Systems in Your Storage Space....................................................50
6 Protecting Your Data.............................................................................................................................................51
Creating and Managing Hot Spares..............................................................................................................51
Hot Spare Limitations......................................................................................................................51
Global Spare or Dedicated Spare?...................................................................................................51
Designating a Global Hot Spare.......................................................................................................51
Assigning a Dedicated Hot Spare or Pool Hot Spare........................................................................52
Deleting a Global Hot Spare ............................................................................................................53
Removing or Deleting a Dedicated Hot Spare.................................................................................54
Enabling Copyback.......................................................................................................................................55
Enabling Automatic Failover........................................................................................................................56
7 Modifying Your Storage Space..............................................................................................................................58
Understanding Logical Drives.......................................................................................................................58
Creating and Modifying Logical Drives.........................................................................................................58
Including Different-sized Disk Drives in a Logical Drive...................................................................59
Creating a Logical Drive Using Available Segments.........................................................................60
Creating a Hybrid RAID Logical Drive ..............................................................................................60
Fine-tuning Logical Drives............................................................................................................................61
Renaming a Logical Drive.................................................................................................................61
Changing the Read Cache Setting....................................................................................................62
Changing the Write Cache Setting...................................................................................................62
Changing the Stripe Size .................................................................................................................63
Changing the Initialize Method .......................................................................................................63
Optimizing Logical Drive Performance.........................................................................................................63
Verifying Logical Drives................................................................................................................................64
Verifying and Fixing a Logical Drive.................................................................................................65
Enabling/Disabling Background Consistency Check........................................................................65
Increasing the Capacity of a Logical Drive....................................................................................................66
Changing the RAID Level of a Logical Drive..................................................................................................67
Erasing a Logical Drive..................................................................................................................................68
Deleting a Logical Drive................................................................................................................................68
Maintaining an Energy-Efficient Storage Space............................................................................................68
Setting Power Management Options for a Logical Drive.................................................................69
Setting Power Management Options for a Controller.....................................................................70
Disabling Power Management for a Logical Drive...........................................................................71
8 Optimizing the Structure of Your Storage Space...................................................................................................73
Adding Caching and Tiering to Your Storage Space......................................................................................73
About maxCache Plus .....................................................................................................................73
Tiers, Virtual Pools, and Virtual Volumes ........................................................................................74
maxCache vs. maxCache Plus .........................................................................................................75
Creating and Managing Virtual Pools...........................................................................................................76
Creating a Virtual Pool.....................................................................................................................76
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Modifying a Virtual Pool .................................................................................................................77
Deleting a Virtual Pool.....................................................................................................................77
Creating and Managing Virtual Volumes......................................................................................................78
Creating a Tiered Volume................................................................................................................78
Creating a Cached Volume or Cached LD Volume...........................................................................80
Modifying a Virtual Volume ............................................................................................................83
Deleting a Virtual Volume................................................................................................................83
Adding maxCache to Local Storage .............................................................................................................84
Creating a maxCache Container.......................................................................................................84
Changing maxCache Settings for a Logical Drive.............................................................................85
Changing maxCache Settings for a Controller..................................................................................86
Setting the maxCache Flush and Fetch Rate ...................................................................................86
Verifying and Fixing the maxCache Container.................................................................................87
Deleting the maxCache Container...................................................................................................87
Using maxCache with Adaptec Series 6Q Controllers......................................................................88
Analyzing maxCache Performance ..............................................................................................................89
9 Working with Scheduled Tasks..............................................................................................................................90
Scheduling a Task.........................................................................................................................................90
Monitoring Tasks .........................................................................................................................................91
What if a Task Misses its Start Time?...............................................................................................92
Modifying a Task ..........................................................................................................................................92
Deleting a Task ............................................................................................................................................93
10 Maintaining Physical Devices..............................................................................................................................94
Viewing Device Properties ..........................................................................................................................94
Locating Drives in Your Storage Space..........................................................................................................94
Locating a Disk Drive........................................................................................................................95
Locating Physical Disks in a Logical Drive.........................................................................................95
Locating SSDs in the maxCache Container.......................................................................................96
Working with Failed or Failing Disk Drives...................................................................................................97
Replacing Disk Drives in a Logical Drive...........................................................................................97
Setting a Disk Drive to ‘Failed’.........................................................................................................97
Initializing, Uninitializing, and Erasing Disk Drives.......................................................................................98
Initializing Disk Drives......................................................................................................................98
Erasing Disk Drives...........................................................................................................................99
Unnitializing Disk Drives..................................................................................................................99
Verifying and Fixing a Disk Drive................................................................................................................100
Configuring the Physical Drive Write Cache Policy.....................................................................................101
Configuring the Global Physical Drive Write Cache Policy.............................................................101
Configuring the Write Cache Policy for an Individual Drive...........................................................102
Working with Controllers...........................................................................................................................102
Silencing a Controller Alarm..........................................................................................................102
Disabling a Controller Alarm..........................................................................................................102
Rescanning a Controller.................................................................................................................103
Setting a Controller's Default Task Priority....................................................................................103
Enabling Native Command Queuing on a Controller.....................................................................104
Setting the Connection Speed for a Controller..............................................................................104
Working with System Alarms.....................................................................................................................104
Updating Controller and Disk Drive Firmware...........................................................................................105
Before You Begin............................................................................................................................106
Updating the Controller Firmware ................................................................................................106
Updating the Disk Drive Firmware ................................................................................................109
11 Monitoring Status and Activity.........................................................................................................................110
Monitoring Options....................................................................................................................................110
Checking Status from the Main Window ...................................................................................................110
Viewing Activity Status in the Event Log........................................................................................111
What Do the Event Status Icons Mean?............................................................................111
Viewing Task Status in the Task Log...............................................................................................112
Viewing Component Status in the Storage Dashboard..................................................................112
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Monitoring Enclosure Status.............................................................................................114
Viewing SMART Statistics..................................................................................................115
Viewing Storage Space Usage in Chart View.................................................................................115
Notifying Users by Email About Status and Activity ..................................................................................116
Setting Up Email Notifications.......................................................................................................117
Sending a Test Message.................................................................................................................119
Modifying or Removing an Email Recipient ..................................................................................120
Modifying Email Server Settings....................................................................................................121
Disabling Email Notifications.........................................................................................................121
Broadcasting Alerts About Status and Activity ..........................................................................................121
Monitoring Advanced Statistics about Activity in Your Storage Space.......................................................122
Setting up Statistics Logging..........................................................................................................123
Viewing Advanced Statistics..........................................................................................................124
Resetting the Statistics Counters...................................................................................................125
Changing an Operating System's Event Log Setting...................................................................................125
12 Managing Your Storage Space..........................................................................................................................127
Deploying Servers ......................................................................................................................................127
Creating a Server Template File.....................................................................................................127
Duplicating the Server Template....................................................................................................127
Managing Remote Systems........................................................................................................................129
Adding Remote Systems with the Wizard......................................................................................129
Manually Adding a Remote System...............................................................................................129
Removing a Remote System..........................................................................................................130
Changing the Auto-Discovery Settings...........................................................................................131
Clearing the Controller Configuration........................................................................................................132
Changing the Agent Base Port Setting........................................................................................................133
13 Solving Problems...............................................................................................................................................134
General Troubleshooting Tips....................................................................................................................134
Identifying a Failed or Failing Component..................................................................................................134
Recovering from a Disk Drive Failure.........................................................................................................135
Failed Disk Drive Protected by a Hot Spare...................................................................................135
Failed Disk Drive Not Protected by a Hot Spare.............................................................................135
Failure in Multiple Logical Drives Simultaneously.........................................................................135
Disk Drive Failure in a RAID 0 Logical Drive...................................................................................136
Multiple Disk Drive Failures in the Same Logical Drive .................................................................136
Rebuilding Logical Drives............................................................................................................................137
Creating a Support Archive File..................................................................................................................137
Appendix A Silent Installation on Windows and Linux...........................................................................................138
Completing a Silent Installation.................................................................................................................138
Windows Silent Installation...........................................................................................................138
Linux Silent Installation..................................................................................................................138
Switches, Properties, and Values ...............................................................................................................139
Example Command Line Installations........................................................................................................139
Appendix B Selecting the Best RAID Level.............................................................................................................141
Comparing RAID Levels..............................................................................................................................141
Understanding Drive Segments..................................................................................................................141
Non-redundant Logical Drives (RAID 0)......................................................................................................142
RAID 1 Logical Drives .................................................................................................................................142
RAID 1 Enhanced Logical Drives.................................................................................................................143
RAID 10 Logical Drives................................................................................................................................144
RAID 5 Logical Drives..................................................................................................................................145
RAID 5EE Logical Drives..............................................................................................................................146
RAID 50 Logical Drive.................................................................................................................................147
RAID 6 Logical Drives..................................................................................................................................148
RAID 60 Logical Drives................................................................................................................................148
Appendix C Virtual Volume Advanced Statistics....................................................................................................149
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Appendix D Using the maxConf Command Line Utility.........................................................................................150
Installing maxConf......................................................................................................................................150
Starting the Command Line Utility.............................................................................................................150
maxConf Commands..................................................................................................................................150
maxconf create..............................................................................................................................150
maxconf delete..............................................................................................................................152
maxconf getconfig.........................................................................................................................152
maxconf getstats............................................................................................................................153
maxconf modify.............................................................................................................................153
Appendix E Icons At-a-Glance................................................................................................................................155
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List of Tables
Table 1: maxConf Commands
...........................................................................................................................150
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Adaptec by PMC Product Support
If you have questions about installing or using your Adaptec by PMC product, check this document
first—you will find answers to most of your questions. If you need further assistance, use the support
options listed below. To expedite your service, have your computer in front of you.
Note: The phone numbers below are subject to change. Please visit the Support
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• Eメールでのサポートには ask.adaptec.co.jp から質問を送ってください。
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Information Technique et d'assistance en Français
• Visitez notre site Web à l'adresse www.adaptec.com/fr-fr.
• Rechercher dans le base de connaissances Adaptec (ASK) ask-fr.adaptec.com pour des articles,
conseils de dépannage et les questions fréquemment posées pour votre produit.
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1
About this Guide
Adaptec maxView Storage Manager™ is a browser-based software application that helps you build a
storage space using Adaptec RAID controllers, disk drives, and enclosures, and then manage your stored
data, whether you have a single RAID controller installed in a server or multiple RAID controllers, servers,
and enclosures.
This guide describes how to install and use Adaptec maxView Storage Manager (called simply maxView
Storage Manager in the remainder of this guide) to build and manage direct attached storage—a RAID
controller and disk drives which reside inside, or are directly attached to, the computer accessing them,
similar to the basic configurations shown in the figures below:
Server with Adaptec RAID
controller and disk drives
System running maxView
Storage Manager
Network
Connection
Server with Adaptec RAID
controller and disk drives
System running maxView
Storage Manager
Server with Adaptec RAID controller
running maxView Storage Manager
Storage enclosures with
disk drives installed
What You Need to Know Before You Begin
This guide is written for data storage and IT professionals who want to create a storage space for their
online data. You should be familiar with computer hardware, operating system administration, and
Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) technology.
If you are using maxView Storage Manager as part of a complex storage system, with multiple servers,
enclosures and RAID controllers, you should be familiar with network administration, have knowledge
of Local Area Networks (knowledge of storage area networks (SANs) is not required), and be familiar
with the input/output (I/O) technology of the storage devices on your network, such as Serial ATA (SATA)
or Serial Attached SCSI (SAS).
Note: Because this guide covers multiple Adaptec RAID products, some of the features
and functions described may not be available for your controller or enclosure.
Terminology Used in this Guide
Because this guide provides information that can be used to manage multiple Adaptec RAID products
in a variety of configurations, the generic term “storage space” is used to refer to the controller(s), disk
drives, and systems being managed with maxView Storage Manager.
For efficiency, the term “component” or “components” is used when referring generically to the physical
and virtual parts of your storage space, such as systems, disk drives, controllers, and logical drives.
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Many of the terms and concepts referred to in this guide are known to computer users by multiple
names. In this guide, this terminology is used:
• Controller (also known as adapter, board, or I/O card)
• Disk drive (also known as hard disk, hard drive, or hard disk drive)
• Solid State Drive (also known as SSD or non-rotating storage media)
• Logical drive (also known as logical device or array)
• System (also known as a server, workstation, or computer)
• Enclosure (also known as a storage enclosure, disk enclosure, or expander)
How to Find More Information
You can find more information about your Adaptec RAID controller, management software, and utilities
by referring to these documents, available in the Documentation section of the Adaptec Web site at
start.adaptec.com:
• Readme.txt—Includes product information and known issues.
• Adaptec RAID Controllers Installation and User's Guide—Provides complete information on how to
install and configure your Adaptec RAID controller and attach devices.
• Adaptec RAID Controllers Command Line Utility User's Guide—Describes how to use ARCCONF, the
Adaptec RAID Controller Configuration command line utility, to perform basic storage management
tasks.
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2
Introduction to maxView Storage Manager
This section introduces the maxView Storage Manager software, explains the concept of a “storage
space,” and provides a checklist of getting-started tasks.
Getting Started
The first part of this guide provides the information you need to install, start, and begin to use maxView
Storage Manager. Follow these general steps:
Step 1: Familiarize yourself with the software components of maxView Storage Manager, review the
system requirements, and study the configuration examples that illustrate how to build and grow your
storage space (described in the remainder of this chapter).
Step 2: Install maxView Storage Manager on every system that will be part of your storage space (see
Installing maxView Storage Manager on page 22).
Step 3: Start maxView Storage Manager and explore its graphical user interface (see Exploring maxView
Storage Manager on page 32).
Step 4: Build your storage space (see Building Your Storage Space on page 40).
About maxView Storage Manager
maxView Storage Manager is a browser-based software application that helps you build a storage space
for your data, using Adaptec RAID controllers, disk drives, Solid State Drives (SSDs), and enclosures.
With maxView Storage Manager, you can group disk drives into logical drives and build in redundancy
to protect your data and improve system performance. You can also use maxView Storage Manager to
monitor and maintain all the controllers, enclosures, and disk drives in your storage space from a single
location.
The maxView Storage Manager GUI (or graphical user interface) runs on most contemporary Web
browsers (for a list of supported browsers, see Browser Support on page 19). A software stack comprising
a Web server, Agent, and CIMOM server allows maxView Storage Manager to communicate with your
RAID controller and coordinate activity in your storage space.
Browser
maxView Storage
Manager Client
HTTPS
Web Server
Apache Tomcat
maxView Servlet
RMI
maxView Storage
Manager Agent
SMI-S
CIMOM
Driver
Adaptec
Controller
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About the maxView Storage Manager Agent
When maxView Storage Manager is installed on a system, the maxView Storage Manager Agent is also
installed automatically. The Agent is designed to run in the background, without user intervention. Its
job is to monitor system health, manage event notifications, task schedules, and other on-going processes
on a system. It sends notices when tasks are completed successfully, and notifies you when errors or
failures occur on that system.
If your storage space includes systems that won't be connected to monitors (and therefore won't require
the graphical user interface), you can choose to run the Agent only on those systems instead of the full
application.
You can manage and monitor systems running the Agent only by logging into them as remote systems
(see Starting maxView Storage Manager on Remote Systems on page 41).
About the maxView Storage Manager Web Server
The maxView Storage Manager Web Server is an instance of the open-source Apache Tomcat servlet
container. It runs the maxView Storage Manager Web application, and serves static and dynamic content
to the maxView Storage Manager GUI. The maxView Web Server is installed automatically with maxView
Storage Manager and the maxView Storage Manager Agent.
About the maxView Storage Manager CIM Server
The maxView Storage Manager CIM Server is an instance of the open-source Pegasus CIM Object
Manager, or CIMOM. In maxView Storage Manager, the CIM Server manages the SMI-S hardware
provider and notification provider, which monitor the RAID controllers in your system and notify the
maxView Storage Manager Agent. The standards-based SMI-S provider enables your Adaptec RAID
controller to be managed with any standard CIM client. (For more information, contact your Adaptec
support representative.) The maxView Storage Manager CIM Server is installed automatically with
maxView Storage Manager and the maxView Storage Manager Agent.
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System Requirements
To install maxView Storage Manager, each system in your storage space must meet these requirements:
• PC-compatible computer with Intel Pentium processor, or equivalent
• At least 4 GB of RAM
• 350 MB of free disk drive space
• 256-color video mode
• One of these operating systems:
• Microsoft® Windows® Server 2012 (64-bit), Windows Server 2012 R2 (64-bit), Windows Server
2008 R2 (64-bit), Windows SBS 2011, Windows 7, Windows 8, and Windows 8.1 (32-bit and
64-bit)
• Red Hat® Enterprise Linux 6.5, 6.4, 5.10 (32-bit and 64-bit)
• SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 11, 10 (32-bit and 64-bit)
• Debian Linux 7 (32-bit and 64-bit)
• Ubuntu Linux 12, 11, 10 (32-bit and 64-bit)
• Fedora Linux 19, 18 (32-bit and 64-bit)
• CentOS 6.4, 5.10 (32-bit and 64-bit)
• Solaris 10, Solaris 11 Express (32-bit and 64-bit)
• VMware ESXi 5.5, VMware ESX 4.1 Classic
• Citrix XenServer 6.2
For the latest on operating system version support check the Readme, available in the Documentation
section of the Adaptec Web Site, at http://start.adaptec.com.
Note: maxView Storage Manager can also be used before an operating system is
installed. See Running maxView Storage Manager from a Bootable USB Image on
page 29 for more information.
Browser Support
To run the maxView Storage Manager GUI, each system in your storage space must be running one of
these Web browsers:
• Microsoft® Internet Explorer® 9, 10, 11 or newer
• Google® Chrome™ 32 or newer
• Mozilla Firefox® 24 or newer
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Typical Storage Space Configurations
The following examples show typical storage spaces that you can build with maxView Storage Manager.
You can grow your storage space as your requirements change by adding more systems, controllers,
disk drives, and enclosures, and by adding redundant logical drives for protection against data loss.
A Simple Storage Space
This example shows a simple storage space that might be appropriate for a small business. This storage
space includes one RAID controller and three disk drives installed in a server. For data protection, the
disk drives have been used to build a RAID 5 logical drive.
Business and
Customer Data
Server with Adaptec RAID
controller and 3 disk drives
System running
maxView Storage Manager
An Advanced Storage Space
This example shows how you can grow your storage space as the requirements of your application
change. On the first server, segments from each disk drive have been used to build two RAID 5 logical
drives. A second server connected to two 12-disk enclosures has been added. The additional storage
space has been used to create two RAID 50 logical drives. The Administrator of this storage space can
create and modify logical drives and monitor both controllers, disk drives, and enclosures from a single
system running the maxView Storage Manager GUI.
Business Data
RAID 5
RAID 5
Server with Adaptec RAID
controllers and disk drives
Local system running
maxView Storage Manager
Network
connection
Customer Data
RAID 50
RAID 50
Server with Adaptec RAID controller running
maxView Storage Manager Agent
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Continuing to Grow Your Storage Space
For more advanced applications, such as high-volume transaction processing in "cloud" or data center
environments, maxView Storage Manager helps you grow your storage space to include multiple
controllers, storage enclosures, and disk drives in multiple locations.
In this example, multiple systems, servers, disk drives, and enclosures have been added to the storage
space. The Administrator can create and modify logical drives and monitor all the controllers, enclosures,
and disk drives in the storage space from any system running the maxView Storage Manager GUI.
RAID 50
Server running maxView
Storage Manager Agent
Storage enclosures with
disk drives installed
RAID 5
Network Connection
RAID 5
Server with RAID controller
and disk drives installed
System running maxView
Storage Manager
RAID 60
Server running maxView
Storage Manager Agent
RAID 6
RAID 6
System running maxView
Storage Manager
Server running maxView
Storage Manager Agent
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Storage enclosures with
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3
Installing maxView Storage Manager
This section describes how to install and uninstall maxView Storage Manager on different operating
systems. It also describes how to run maxView Storage Manager from a bootable USB image, before
the application is installed on an operating system.
Note: To perform a silent installation without messages or user interaction, follow
the instructions in Silent Installation on Windows and Linux on page 138.
Before You Begin the Installation
Complete the following steps before you begin the installation.
Gather Installation Information
Prepare the following information:
• Administrator account user name and password for your operating system.
• CIM Server port number. The default port is recommended (5988). If you want to use a different
port, select any one between 65500 and 65535 and it will be assigned as the CIM Server http port
for maxView Storage Manager installation. (The selected port must be free at installation time.) The
installation will verify the availability of this port. There is no guarantee that any port number besides
the default will work in the future as any other application can claim this port. For more information
on the CIM Server, seeAbout the maxView Storage Manager CIM Server on page 18.
• maxView Web Server port number. The default port is recommended (8443). If the default port is
not available, another port number will be automatically assigned. For more information on the
Web Server, see About the maxView Storage Manager Web Server on page 18.
Note: If a previous version of maxView Storage Manager is installed on your system,
you must remove it before beginning a new installation. See Uninstalling maxView
Storage Manager on page 30 for details.
Download the Installation Packages
Complete these steps to download the installation package for your operating system(s) from the
Adaptec Web site:
1. Open a browser window, then type start.adaptec.com in the address bar.
2. Select your RAID controller family (Series 7, Series 8, and so on) and controller model.
3. Select Storage Manager Downloads, then select the appropriate installer package from the list; for
instance, maxView Storage Manager for Windows x64 or maxView Storage Manager for Linux.
4. Click Download Now and accept the license agreement.
5. When the download completes, extract the contents of the installer archive file to a temporary
location. If the archive includes installers for multiple operating system versions (VMware, for
instance), each installer is stored in a separate folder, including one each for 32-bit and 64-bit
operating systems.
Note: If you are installing maxView Storage Manager on a different machine ̶ for
instance, you downloaded the Linux installer onto a Windows machine ̶ copy the
installer from the download location to a temporary location on the target machine.
Use whatever method you prefer to copy the file: USB flash drive; network transfer;
Telnet/SSH; whatever is most convenient.
6. Continue with the installation instructions for your operating system.
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Installing on Windows
This section describes how to install maxView Storage Manager on Windows systems.
Note: You need administrator privileges to install maxView Storage Manager. For
details on verifying privileges, refer to your operating system documentation.
1. Open Windows Explorer or My Computer, then change to the directory where the Windows setup
program is located (see Download the Installation Packages on page 22 for details).
2. Double-click the setup program for your operating system version:
Options
Description
Windows 64-bit
setup_asm_x64.exe
Windows 32-bit setup_asm_x86.exe
The Installation wizard opens.
3. Click Next to begin the installation, click I accept..., then click Next.
4. Add the following configuration settings:
a) CIM Server Port: 5988.
b) Web Server Port: 8443.
c) User Name default: Administrator
d) Operating system password.
5. Click OK on the password verification window and on the CIM Server and Web Server port number
verification window.
6. In the Features screen, ensure that GUI and Agent is selected. Optionally, select CLI Tools and
maxCache Plus. Then click Next.
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Note: maxCache Plus is supported on qualifying Adaptec Series Q controllers only
(see the Readme for a complete list). For non-qualifying controllers, the maxCache
Plus option is grayed out.
7. Click Install to begin the installation.
8. Repeat these steps to install maxView Storage Manager on every Windows system that will be part
of your storage space.
When the installation is complete you receive a confirmation message and the maxView Storage Manager
icon is placed on your desktop.
Installing on Red Hat, Cent OS, SuSE, or Fedora Linux
This section describes how to install maxView Storage Manager on systems running Red Hat Linux, Cent
OS, SuSE Linux, or Fedora Linux. For information about installing maxView Storage Manager on Debian
and Ubuntu Linux, see the next section. For a list of supported Linux operating systems, see System
Requirements on page 19.
1. Open a shell window, then change to the directory where the Linux installer package is located (see
Download the Installation Packages on page 22 for details).
2. To install maxView Storage Manager with maxCache Plus support, run the maxCache Plus installation
script, install.sh; otherwise skip to Step [3].
chmod +x install.sh
./install.sh
If the installer detects a qualifying Adaptec Series Q controller and one of the supported Linux
operating systems, it installs the maxCache Plus driver software, then it continues with the maxView
Storage Manager installation. (See the Readme for a complete list of controllers and operating
systems that support maxCache Plus.)
3. To install maxView Storage Manager without maxCache Plus support, run the . bin file for your
operating system version:
Options
Description
Linux 64-bit
./StorMan-1.02.x86_64.bin
Linux 32-bit
./StorMan-1.02.i386.bin
4. When prompted for configuration details, enter the following:
Enter your username [default: root]
Enter your operating system password
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Enter the CIM Server HTTP Port: [default:5988]
When the installation completes a confirmation message is displayed and the maxView Storage
Manager icon is placed on your desktop.
5. Repeat these steps to install maxView Storage Manager on every Linux system that will be part of
your storage space.
Installing on Debian or Ubuntu Linux
This section describes how to install maxView Storage Manager on systems running Debian or Ubuntu
Linux. For a list of supported Linux operating systems, see System Requirements on page 19.
1. Open a shell window, then change to the directory where the Linux installer package is located (see
Download the Installation Packages on page 22 for details).
2. Install the .deb package for your operating system version (xxxxx=build number).
Options
Description
Linux 64-bit
dpkg -i StorMan-1.06-XXXXX_amd64.deb
Linux 32-bit
dpkg -i StorMan-1.06-XXXXX_i386.deb
Enter your username [default: root].
Enter your password.
Enter the CIM Server HTTP Port: [default:5988].
3. Repeat these steps to install maxView Storage Manager on every Debian and Ubuntu Linux system
that will be part of your storage space.
When the installation is complete you receive a confirmation message and the maxView Storage Manager
icon is placed on your desktop.
Installing on Solaris
This section describes how to install maxView Storage Manager on systems running Solaris.
1. On the Solaris machine, change to the directory where the Solaris installer package is located (see
Download the Installation Packages on page 22 for details).
2. Install maxView Storage Manager:
pkgadd -d StorMan.pkg
3. At the prompt to continue, select y, then press Enter.
4. Enter the following configuration details:
Enter your username [default: root].
Enter your operating system password.
Enter the CIM Server HTTP Port: [default:5988].
5. Repeat these steps to install maxView Storage Manager on every Solaris system that will be part of
your storage space.
When the installation is complete you receive a confirmation message and the maxView Storage Manager
icon is placed on your desktop.
Installing on VMware ESX 4.1
Use the following procedure to install the .vib files for a VMware ESX 4.1 system. Perform the installation
from an ESX 4.1 console or from a remote system running a Telnet/SSH client.
1. Copy the following files from the installer download location to your local ESX 4.1 /tmp directory
(see Download the Installation Packages on page 22 for details):
• vmware-esx-provider-arcconf.vib
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• vmware-esx-provider-arcsmis.vib
The arcconf.vib is for command line communication.
The arcsmis.vib is for remote management communication.
2. Stop operations.
/etc/init.d/sfcbd-watchdog stop
3. Check for an existing installation of arcconf.
esxupdate --vib-view query | grep arcconf
4. Remove the existing installation of arcconf.
esxupdate -b < arcconf module name > --maintenancemode remove
When the package is removed, you receive the message "The update completed successfully, but
the system needs to be rebooted for the changes to be effective".
5. Check for an existing installation of arcsmis.
esxupdate --vib-view query | grep arcsmis
6. Remove the existing installation of arcsmis.
esxupdate -b < arcsmis module name > --maintenancemode remove
When the package is removed, you receive the message "The update completed successfully, but
the system needs to be rebooted for the changes to be effective."
7. Reboot the system.
8. Stop operations.
/etc/init.d/./sfcbd-watchdog stop
9. Install the arcconf package.
esxupdate -b /tmp/vmware-esx-provider-arcconf.vib --nodeps --nosigcheck
--maintenancemode update
When the package is installed, you receive the message "The update completed successfully, but
the system needs to be rebooted for the changes to be effective."
10. Install the arcsmis package.
esxupdate -b /tmp/vmware-esx-provider-arcsmis.vib --nodeps --nosigcheck
--maintenancemode update
When the package is installed, you receive the message "The update completed successfully, but
the system needs to be rebooted for the changes to be effective."
11. Reboot the system.
12. Continue with Installing on a Guest Operating System on page 27.
Installing on VMware ESXi 5.x
Use the following procedure to install the .vib files for a VMware ESXi 5.x system. Perform the installation
from a remote system running a Telnet/SSH client. Use a terminal emulator to access the ESXi 5.x server
remotely.
1. Copy the following files from the installer download location to your local ESXi 5.x /tmp directory
(see Download the Installation Packages on page 22 for details):
• vmware-esx-provider-arcconf.vib
• vmware-esx-provider-arcsmis.vib
The arcconf.vib is for command line communication.
The arcsmis.vib is for remote management communication.
2. Stop operations.
/etc/init.d/sfcbd-watchdog stop
3. Check for existing installation of arcconf.
esxcli software vib list | grep arcconf
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4. Remove the existing arcconf package.
esxcli software vib remove -n arcconf
When the package is removed, you receive the message "Reboot Required: false."
5. Check for an existing installation of arcsmis.
esxcli software vib list | grep arcsmis
6. Remove the existing arcsmis package.
esxcli software vib remove -n arcsmis
When the package is removed, you receive the message "Reboot Required: false."
7. Set the acceptance level if this is the first installation of arcconf and arcsmis:
esxcli software acceptance set –-level=CommunitySupported
8. Install the arcconf package.
esxcli software vib install --maintenance-mode --no-sig-check -v
/tmp/vmware-esx-provider-arcconf.vib
When the package is installed, you receive the message "Reboot Required: false."
9. Install the arcsmis package.
esxcli software vib install --maintenance-mode --no-sig-check -v
/tmp/vmware-esx-provider-arcsmis.vib
When the package is installed, you receive the message "Reboot Required: false."
10. Reboot the system.
11. Continue with Installing on a Guest Operating System on page 27.
Installing on Citrix XenServer
Use the following procedure to install the maxView Storage Manager support package on a Citrix
XenServer host. This package installs and configures all the components necessary to run maxView
Storage Manager from a XenServer guest operating system.
Note: Before installing the maxView Storage Manager support package on the
XenServer host, you must install the XenServer Integration Suite Supplemental Pack.
Do not continue until you complete this task. See your XenServer installation guide
for details.
1. Copy the XenServer module rpm from the installer download location to your XenServer /tmp
directory (see Download the Installation Packages on page 22 for details).
2. Install the rpm package for your operating system version (xxxxx=build number).
Options
Description
XenServer 64-bit
rpm -i StorMan-1.02-XXXXX_amd64.rpm
XenServer 32-bit
rpm -i StorMan-1.02-XXXXX_i386.rpm
3. Continue with Installing on a Guest Operating System on page 27.
Installing on a Guest Operating System
This section describes how to install maxView Storage Manager on a VMware or Citrix XenServer guest
operating system. You can install maxView Storage Manager on a Windows guest OS or Linux guest OS.
Installing on a Windows Guest OS
Use the following procedure to install maxView Storage Manager on a Windows guest OS running on
VMware or Citrix XenServer.
1. On the VMware or XenServer guest OS, change to the directory where the guest OS installer package
is located (see Download the Installation Packages on page 22 for details).
2. Double-click the setup program for your operating system:
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Options
Description
Windows GOS 64- setup_maxview_gos_x64.exe
bit
Windows GOS 32- setup_maxview_gos_x86.exe
bit
The Installation wizard opens.
3. Choose the hypervisor type (ESXi Server or XenServer), then click Next.
4. Enter the following configuration details:
a) Host IP Address (ESXi or XenServer host)
b) Web Server Port: 8443
c) Host user name (default: root)
d) Operating system password/password confirmation
Note: The configuration details screen differs slightly for VMware and Xenserver,
but the information you need to enter is the same.
5. Click Next, then click Install.
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When the installation is complete you receive a confirmation message.
Installing on a Linux Guest OS
Use the following procedure to install maxView Storage Manager on a Linux guest OS running on VMware
or Citrix XenServer.
1. On the VMware or XenServer guest OS, change to the directory where the Linux installer package
is located (see Download the Installation Packages on page 22 for details).
2. Run the installer for your operating system version.
Options
Description
Linux GOS 64-bit
./Storman-1.06.GOS86_64.bin
Linux GOS 32-bit
./Storman-1.06.GOS32.bin
3. At the prompt, choose the GOS type. Enter 1 for ESXi, 2 for XenServer:
Select the GOS Type. 1.ESXi Server 2.XenServer:
4. Enter the following configuration details:
Hypervisor IP address
Hypervisor username [default: root]
Hypervisor password
Event Listener Port [default: 65500]
When the installation is complete you receive a confirmation message.
Running maxView Storage Manager from a Bootable USB Image
Running maxView Storage Manager from a bootable USB image allows you to configure your controller
before you install the operating system. The procedure consists of three basic steps:
1. Download the bootable USB image from the Adaptec Web Site
2. Create a "live" image on a USB flash drive
Note: We recommend using LiveUSB Creator, available at fedorahosted.org (see
Step [2], below).
3. Boot from the USB flash drive, login to maxView Storage Manager and configure your controller
The bootable USB image is not a substitute for running maxView Storage Manager as an installed
application. Many of the features and functions described in this guide are not available when you run
maxView Storage Manager from a bootable USB image. Use the bootable USB image only to configure
your controller before you install an operating system.
Note: Before you begin, ensure that your system is set up to boot from a USB drive.
Check the system BIOS to see if the USB drive is included in the boot sequence. (For
more information, see your system's documentation.) You will need a USB drive with
at least 1GB of storage to complete this task. To run the bootable USB image, the
target machine must have at least 4GB of memory.
To run maxView Storage Manager from a bootable USB image:
1. Download the bootable USB image from the Adatepec Web site:
a) Open a browser window, then type start.adaptec.com in the address bar.
b) Locate the bootable USB image on the Adaptec Start page.
c) Download the bootable USB image.
d) Extract the contents of the bootable image archive file to a temporary location.
The archive contains one file: the maxView Storage Manager bootable iso image.
2. Create a "live" image on the USB drive:
a) Run the LiveUSB Creator utility setup program at
https://fedorahosted.org/releases/l/i/liveusb-creator/liveusb-creator- 3.11.8-setup.exe.
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b) Start LiveUSB Creator from the Windows All Programs menu.
c) In the Use Existing Live CD field, click Browse, then locate and select the maxView Storage
Manager bootable iso image.
d) In the Target Device field, select the USB flash drive (e:\, for instance).
e) Click Create Live USB.
3. Insert the USB drive on the machine you want to configure.
The Boot menu opens in a shell window.
4. Select Launch maxView from the menu.
After a minute or so, the maxView Storage Manager login screen opens in a browser window.
Note: If you prefer to configure the controller from the command line, select
Launch arcconf from the Boot menu, then enter root, with no password, for the
login credentials.
5. Enter root/root for the login credentials.
6. Continue with Creating Logical Drives on page 44.
Uninstalling maxView Storage Manager
To uninstall maxView Storage Manager, follow the instructions for your operating system.
Note: If a previous version of maxView Storage Manager is installed on your system,
you must remove it before beginning a new installation.
Uninstalling from Windows
To uninstall maxView Storage Manager from a Windows system, use the Add or Remove Programs tool
in the Control Panel. All maxView Storage Manager components are uninstalled.
When the uninstall process is complete, you receive a confirmation message and the maxView icon is
removed from your desktop.
Uninstalling from Red Hat, Cent OS, SuSE, or Fedora Linux
This section describes how to uninstall maxView Storage Manager from systems running Red Hat, Cent
OS, SuSE, or Fedora Linux.
Type the command rpm -e StorMan
When the uninstall process is complete, you receive a confirmation message and the maxView icon is
removed from your desktop.
Uninstalling from Debian or Ubuntu Linux
This section describes how to uninstall maxView Storage Manager from systems running Debian or
Ubuntu Linux.
Type the command dpkg -r StorMan
When the uninstall process is complete, you receive a confirmation message and the maxView icon is
removed from your desktop.
Uninstalling from Solaris
This section describes how to uninstall maxView Storage Manager from systems running Solaris.
1. Type the command pkgrm StorMan
2. At the prompt to remove the package select y, then press Enter.
3. At the confirmation prompt select y, then press Enter.
When the uninstall process is complete, you receive a confirmation message and the maxView icon is
removed from your desktop.
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Uninstalling from VMware ESX 4.1
Use the following procedure to remove maxView Storage Manager from a VMware ESX 4.1 system.
1. Log in with the user name: root
2. List the installed packages:
esxupdate -–vib-view query | grep arcconf
esxupdate –-vib-view query | grep arcsmis
3. Stop operations:
/etc/init.d/./sfcbd-watchdog stop
4. Remove the arcconf package:
esxcli software vib remove -n arcconf
5. Remove the arcsmis package:
esxcli software vib remove -n arcsmis
6. Restart operations:
/etc/init.d/./sfcbd-watchdog start
To verify that maxView Storage Manager was uninstalled, repeat step 2. If no results are shown, the
software was uninstalled.
Uninstalling from VMware ESXi 5.x
Use the following procedure to remove maxView Storage Manager from a VMware ESXi 5.x system.
1. Log in with the user name: root
2. List the installed packages:
esxcli software vib list | grep arcconf
esxcli software vib list | grep arcsmis
3. Stop operations:
/etc/init.d/./sfcbd-watchdog stop
4. Remove the arcconf package:
esxcli software vib remove -n arcconf
5. Remove the arcsmis package:
esxcli software vib remove -n arcsmis
6. Restart operations:
/etc/init.d/./sfcbd-watchdog start
To verify that maxView Storage Manager was uninstalled, repeat step 2. If no results are shown, the
software was uninstalled.
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Exploring maxView Storage Manager
This section describes how to start and log into maxView Storage Manager, and familiarizes you with
the main features of the graphical user interface. It also explains how to get help and log out of maxView
Storage Manager when you are finished working with the application.
Starting maxView Storage Manager and Logging In
The procedure for starting and logging in to maxView Storage Manager is the same for all operating
systems with a graphical desktop.
Note: You need Administrator or root privileges to run the maxView Storage Manager
application.
1. On the desktop, double-click the maxView Storage Manager desktop icon.
The login window opens in the default browser.
Note: If you do not have an icon for maxView Storage Manager on your desktop,
open a browser window, type this URL in the address bar:
https://127.0.0.1:8443/maxview/manager/login.xhtml, then press Return.
2. Enter Administrator account username and password from your operating system, then click Login.
The maxView Storage Manager main window opens.
Working in maxView Storage Manager
Most options in maxView Storage Manager are available by:
• Selecting components in the Enterprise View
• Clicking icons on the ribbon, at the top of the main window
• Working with information in the Storage Dashboard and Chart View
• Checking status in the Event Log and Task Log
The following sections describe how to work with these features in the main window of maxView Storage
Manager.
Overview of the Main Window
The main window of maxView Storage Manager has three main panels—left, right, and bottom—plus
the ribbon, at the top of the window.
The left panel shows always the Enterprise View. The bottom panel shows the Event Log and Task Log.
The right panel shows the Storage Dashboard and Chart View. Different information appears in the right
panel depending on which component is selected in the Enterprise View.
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In example below, a controller is selected in the Enterprise View, and the right panel displays the Storage
Dashboard for the controller, with a chart view of its storage space.
Ribbon
Enterprise
View
Storage
Dashboard
Task Log
Event Log
You can resize the panels and scroll horizontally or vertically as needed, to view more or less information.
The Enterprise View
The Enterprise View is an expandable “tree” that shows the physical and logical components of your
storage space. The Enterprise View lists the local system (the system you're working on) and any remote
systems that you have logged in to from the local system. (See ‘Local’ or ‘Remote’? on page 40 for more
information.) It also lists the maxCache devices in your system, including virtual volumes, virtual pools,
and the maxCache Container.
Note: maxCache is supported on Adaptec Series Q controllers only. See Optimizing
the Structure of Your Storage Space on page 73 for more information about maxCache.
Local system
maxCache
devices
Remote system
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Expand a system in the Enterprise View to the see its controllers, logical drives (“devices”), physical
drives, enclosures, and maxCache Container.
In the figure below, a controller is expanded in the Enterprise View, revealing the physical and logical
devices associated with that controller.
By selecting a controller
in the Enterprise View...
...the disk drives or enclosures
and disk drives connected to it
and the logical drives created with
those disk drives appear in the
Physical and Logical Devices trees.
You can perform most tasks in maxView Storage Manager by selecting a component in the Enterprise
View, such as a controller or disk drive, then using the related commands on the ribbon, described next.
What do the Enterprise View Icons Mean?
Icon
Description
System with controller and directly attached disk drives or enclosures
Controller
Enclosure
Logical device
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Icon
Description
maxCache device (healthy)1
Hard disk drive
Solid State Drive (SSD)
Connector or other physical device
The Ribbon
Most tasks in maxView Storage Manager are available from the ribbon, at the top of the main window.
The ribbon replaces toolbars and menus in maxView Storage Manager to help you quickly find the
commands you need to complete a task.
The ribbon is organized into groups, with related tasks for Systems, Controllers, Logical Devices, Physical
Devices, and maxCache devices (maxCache Container, Virtual Pools, Virtual Volumes); the Home group
(on the left) provides commands for working with remote systems (see Managing Remote Systems on
page 129). Active options on the ribbon vary, depending on which type of component is selected in the
Enterprise View. For instance, if you select a controller in the Enterprise View, the Create Logical Drive
option is highlighted in the Logical Device group, in addition to options in the Controller group. If you
select a disk drive or SSD in the Enterprise View, options in the Physical Device group are highlighted;
and so on.
Note: In the figure, all options are shown in the activated (highlighted) state. Normally,
options are activated or dimmed, depending on which type of component you select
in the Enterprise View.
For a description of the icons on the ribbon, see Icons At-a-Glance on page 155.
The Storage Dashboard
When you select a component in the Enterprise View, maxView Storage Manager displays detailed
information about that component on the Storage Dashboard. Occupying the largest portion of the
main window in maxView Storage Manager, the Storage Dashboard provides status information, physical
and logical device properties, resources, usage statistics, and reliability indicators for hard drives and
SSDs. It also provides a chart view of free and used space in your system.
1
A green checkmark in the Enterprise View means that the component is healthy with no problems
or issues. For more information, see Identifying a Failed or Failing Component on page 134.
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Tabs provide quick access
to component information
Chart view of free
and used space in
your system
For more information about the types of information provided on the Storage Dashboard for each
component in your storage space, see Viewing Component Status in the Storage Dashboard on page
112; also see Revealing More Device Information on page 37.
Checking System Status from the Main Window
maxView Storage Manager includes an Event Log and Task Log for at-a-glance status and activity
information for all managed systems. The Event Log provides status information and messages about
activity (or events) occurring in your storage space. The Task Log provides information about current or
recurring processes in your storage space, such as the creation of a logical drive. Single-click any event
or task to see more information in an easier-to-read format. For more information about the Event
Log and Task Log, see Viewing Activity Status in the Event Log on page 111 and Working with Scheduled
Tasks on page 90.
Click this tab to
open the Task Log
Click this tab to
open the Event Log
Warning- and Error-level icons appear next to components in the Enterprise View affected by a failure
or error, creating a trail, or rapid fault isolation, that helps you identify the source of a problem when
it occurs. See Identifying a Failed or Failing Component on page 134 for more information.
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If your storage space includes a drive enclosure with a temperature sensor, temperature, fan, and power
module status is displayed on the Storage Dashboard (see Monitoring Enclosure Status on page 114).
For more information about checking status from the main window, see Monitoring Status and Activity
on page 110.
Revealing More Device Information
You can reveal more information about disk drive, logical drive, and maxCache device usage in your
storage space with the Resources view on the Storage Dashboard.
To reveal disk drive usage by logical drive (and vice-versa), select a controller in the Enterprise View,
then open the Resources tab on the Storage Dashboard. As shown in the figures below, you can click a
logical drive to see its member disk drives or SSDs (including the maxCache Container); similarly, you
can click a physical disk to see which (if any) logical drive it belongs to.
Two disk drives plus a
hot spare comprise
the selected logical drive
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The maxCache Container is
comprised of three SSDs
To reveal logical device usage for maxCache Plus virtual pools and virtual volumes, select the maxCache
Plus node in the Enterprise view, then open the Resources tab on the Storage Dashboard. You can click
a virtual pool to see its member logical drives, or a virtual volume to see its virtual pool members. (See
Optimizing the Structure of Your Storage Space on page 73 for more about maxCache Plus.)
The virtual pool is comprised
of one logical device.
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Getting Help
maxView Storage Manager provides online help that includes conceptual information, glossary definitions,
and descriptions of on-screen items and dialog boxes, in addition to step-by-step instructions for
completing tasks.
To open the online help, click the Help button at the upper-right corner of the main window:
Click here to open
the Help window
For help with a dialog box or wizard, click the question-mark icon, in the lower corner of the dialog box,
for help with that specific procedure:
Click here for help
with this procedure
Logging Out of maxView Storage Manager
To log out of maxView Storage Manager:
1. In the Enterprise View, click on the local system.
2. Click the Logout button at the upper-right corner of the main window:
Click here to
log out
You are logged out of maxView Storage Manager and the main window is closed.
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5
Building Your Storage Space
Follow the instructions in this section to choose a management system, log in to each system in your
storage space, and create logical drives. (For more information, see Understanding Logical Drives on
page 58.)
Note: Before beginning the tasks in this chapter, ensure that maxView Storage
Manager is installed on every system that will be part of your storage space.
Overview
To build your storage space, complete these steps:
1. Choose at least one management system (see Choosing a Management System on page 40).
2. Start and log in to maxView Storage Manager on the management system (see Starting maxView
Storage Manager and Logging In on page 32).
3. Start maxView Storage Manager or the Agent on all other systems (see Starting maxView Storage
Manager on Remote Systems on page 41).
4. Log in to all other systems from the management system (see Logging into Remote Systems from
the Local System on page 43).
5. Create logical drives for all systems in your storage space (see Creating Logical Drives on page 44).
As your storage requirements change, you can add systems, controllers, and disk drives, then modify
the logical drives in your storage space by following the instructions in Modifying Your Storage Space
on page 58.
Choosing a Management System
You must designate at least one system as a management system, a system from which you will manage
the storage on all systems in your storage space.
The management system can be any system on your network that has a video monitor and can run the
full maxView Storage Manager application.
‘Local’ or ‘Remote’?
Whenever you're working in maxView Storage Manager, the system that you're working on is the local
system. All other systems in your storage space are remote systems. ‘Local’ and ‘remote’ are relative
terms, as shown in the following figure—when you are working on system A (local system), system B is
a remote system; when you are working on system B (local system), system A is a remote system.
For the purposes of this guide, the ‘local system’ is the management system.
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A
B
Local logged
in to remote
maxView Storage Manager
or Agent
maxView Storage
Manager
A
B
Local logged
in to remote
maxView Storage Manager
or Agent
maxView Storage
Manager
Logging in on the Local System
To log in on the local system, see Starting maxView Storage Manager and Logging In on page 32.
Starting maxView Storage Manager on Remote Systems
You can run the maxView Storage Manager application on the remote systems in your storage space
(making those systems usable as 'management systems'). Alternatively, if your storage space includes
systems that aren't connected to monitors or that you don't anticipate using as management systems
(and therefore won't require the GUI, or graphical user interface), you can run the Agent only on those
systems. (For more information, see About the maxView Storage Manager Agent on page 18.)
• To start the full maxView Storage Manager application on a remote system, follow the instructions
in Starting maxView Storage Manager and Logging In on page 32.
• To start the Agent only on a remote system, follow the instructions in Starting the Agent Only on
page 41.
Starting the Agent Only
To start the maxView Storage Manager Agent only on a remote system, follow the instructions for your
operating system, as described in the sections below.
In an Agent Only configuration, you must ensure that the maxView Storage Manager CIM server and
Web server are running on the remote system, and that you start the services in the proper order:
1. CIM server
2. Agent
3. Web server
In general, maxView Storage Manager services start automatically when the system is powered on. Use
the procedures in this section to manually start and stop the services, as needed. For more information
about the maxView Storage Manager Agent, CIM server, and Web server, see About maxView Storage
Manager on page 17.
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Windows
On Windows systems, the Agent and other maxView Storage Manager services start automatically when
the system is powered on.
To verify that the Agent is running:
1. Open the Windows Control Panel.
2. Double-click Administrative Tools, then double-click Services.
3. In the list of services, check that the maxView Storage Manager Agent is installed and running. Then
verify that the maxView CIM server and maxView Web server are running. If not, you can choose to
restart the services. Be sure to observe the proper startup order: CIM server, Agent, Web server.
Linux or VMware
On Linux systems and VMware Guest OSs, the Agent and other maxView Storage Manager services start
automatically when the system is started. To manually start (or stop) the Agent on Linux, enter these
commands:
1. Start the CIM server:
Options
Description
Start service
service stor_cimserver start
Stop service
service stor_cimserver stop
Check status
service stor_cimserver status
To start operations from the VMware console, use these commands:
Options
Description
Start service
Sfcbd-watchdog start
Stop service
Sfcbd-watchdog stop
2. Start the Agent:
Options
Description
Start service
service stor_agent start
Stop service
service stor_agent stop
3. Start the Web server:
Options
Description
Start service
service stor_tomcat start
Stop service
service stor_tomcat stop
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Solaris
To start (or stop) the Agent on Solaris, enter these commands:
1. Start the CIM server:
Options
Description
Start service
svcadm enable stor_cimserver
Stop service
svcadm disable stor_cimserver
Check status
svcs -l stor_cimserver
2. Start the Agent:
Options
Description
Start service
svcadm enable ADPTstor_agent
Stop service
svcadm disable ADPTstor_agent
3. Start the Web server:
Options
Description
Start service
svcadm enable stor_tomcat
Stop service
svcadm disable stor_tomcat
Logging into Remote Systems from the Local System
Once maxView Storage Manager or the maxView Storage Manager Agent (see About the maxView
Storage Manager Agent on page 18) is running on all systems in your storage space, you can log into
the remote systems from the local system.
Once you have logged in to a remote system, it automatically appears in the Enterprise View each time
you start maxView Storage Manager on the local system. You can work with a remote system's controllers,
disk drives, and logical drives as if they were part of your local system.
To log in to a remote system:
1. On the ribbon, in the Home group, click Add System.
The Add System window opens, showing a list of "discovered" systems; that is, systems on your
network that are running the maxView Storage Manager Agent.
2. Select the systems you want to add to the Enterprise View, then enter the systems' login credentials
(username/password) in the space provided.
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Note: You can add a system manually if you don't see the system in the list. For
more information, see Manually Adding a Remote System on page 129.
3. Click Add.
maxView Storage Manager connects to the remote system(s) and adds them to the list of managed
systems in the Enterprise View.
For more information about working with remote systems, see Managing Remote Systems on page 129.
Creating Logical Drives
maxView Storage Manager has a wizard to help you create, or configure, the logical drives in your storage
space. You can choose from two configuration methods, depending on your needs:
• Express configuration—Automatically creates logical drives by grouping together same-sized physical
drives, and assigns RAID levels based on the number of physical disk drives in the logical drive.
Use the express method when you want to use all available disk drives in the most efficient manner.
For instructions, see Express Configuration on page 44.
• Custom configuration—Helps you group disk drives, set RAID levels, determine logical drive size,
and configure advanced settings manually.
Use the custom method when you want to create specific logical drives with any or all available disk
drives and SSDs (Solid State Drives). For instructions, see Custom Configuration on page 47
Note: We recommend that you do not combine SAS and SATA disk drives within the
same logical drive. maxView Storage Manager displays a warning if you try to create
a logical drive using a combination of SAS and SATA disk drives.
Express Configuration
When you use Express configuration, maxView Storage Manager automatically creates logical drives by
grouping together same-sized physical drives, and assigns RAID levels based on the number of physical
drives in a logical drive:
• A logical drive with three or more physical drives is assigned RAID 5.
• A logical drive with two physical drives is assigned RAID 1.
• A logical drive with only a single physical drive becomes a simple volume, which does not offer
redundancy.
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To create a logical drive with any other RAID level, you must use the custom method, as described on
Custom Configuration on page 47. See Selecting the Best RAID Level on page 141 for more information
about RAID levels.
With Express configuration, maxView Storage Manager uses all available disk drive space to maximize
the capacity of the logical drives.
To build your storage space with the Express method:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system, then select a controller on that system.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Create Logical Drive.
3. When the wizard opens, ensure that Express Configuration is selected, then click Next.
4. Review the logical drive configuration summary.
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5. Click Finish.
maxView Storage Manager builds the logical drive(s). Use the Event Log and Task Log to track build
progress.
6. Repeat Steps [2]-[5] for each controller in your storage space.
7. Partition and format your logical drives. See Partitioning and Formatting Your Logical Drives on page
50.
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Custom Configuration
Custom configuration helps you build your storage space manually by stepping you through the process
of creating logical drives, setting RAID levels, and configuring other settings.
To build your storage space with the Custom configuration method:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system, then select a controller on that system.
Note how many available disk drives are connected to the controller; this information will be helpful
as you create the logical drives in the wizard.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Create Logical Drive.
3. When the wizard opens, select Custom Configuration, then click Next.
4. Select a RAID level, then click Next.
Note: Not all RAID levels are supported by all controllers. For example, RAID 5EE
and JBODs are supported on Adaptec Series 6 controllers only.
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See Selecting the Best RAID Level on page 141 for more information about RAID levels.
5. Select the disk drives and SSDs (Solid State Drives) that you want to include in the logical drive. Be
sure to select the right number of drives for the RAID level you selected.
Note: maxView Storage Manager allows you to create hybrid RAID drives that
maximize performance in logical drives that include SSDs. For more information
about hybrid RAID, see Creating a Hybrid RAID Logical Drive on page 60.
6. Click Next.
7. (Optional) In the RAID Attributes panel, customize the logical drive settings. You can:
• Enter a name for the logical drive. Names can include any combination of letters and numbers,
but cannot include spaces.
• Set a smaller logical drive size (by default, a new logical drive uses all available disk space).
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• Change the stripe size—the amount of data written per disk in the logical drive. (The default
stripe size usually provides the best performance.)
• Set the build method to Build, Clear, or Quick. The build method determines how a logical drive
is initialized (prepared for reading and writing), and how long initialization will take.
• Set the build priority to: High, Medium, or Low.
Note: By default, maxCache read and write caching is enabled for a logical drive.
Be sure to disable maxCache if you have not created a maxCache Container. (You
can enable maxCache later, after you create the container.) For more information,
see Adding maxCache to Local Storage on page 84.
Disable maxCache if you
have not created a maxCache
Container
See Fine-tuning Logical Drives on page 61 for details about customizing the settings in the RAID
Attributes panel.
8. Click Next, then review the logical drive settings.
This example shows a RAID 5 logical drive ready to be created.
To make changes, click Back.
9. Click Finish.
maxView Storage Manager builds the logical drive. Use the Event Log and Task Log to track build
progress.
10. If you have other disk drives or available disk space and want to create additional logical drives,
repeat Steps [2] to [9] for each logical drive that you want to create on the controller.
11. Repeat Steps [1] to [10] for each controller in your storage space, as needed.
12. Partition and format your logical drives. See Partitioning and Formatting Your Logical Drives on page
50 for more information.
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Partitioning and Formatting Your Logical Drives
The logical drives you create appear as physical disk drives on your operating system. You must partition
and format these logical drives before you can use them to store data.
Note: Logical drives that have not been partitioned and formatted cannot be used
to store data.
Refer to your operating system documentation for more information.
Creating Logical Drives on Other Systems in Your Storage Space
If you installed maxView Storage Manager and Adaptec RAID controllers on more than one system,
continue building your storage space as follows:
• From each individual system, log in to maxView Storage Manager and repeat the steps to perform
an Express Configuration or Custom Configuration, or
• From your local system (the system you're working on), log in to all other systems in your storage
space as remote systems (see Logging into Remote Systems from the Local System on page 43),
then repeat the steps to perform an Express Configuration or Custom Configuration, or
• From your local system, create a server template file and deploy the configuration to the remote
systems in your storage space (see Deploying Servers on page 127).
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6
Protecting Your Data
In addition to the standard (RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 5, RAID 10, RAID 50) and enhanced (RAID 1E, RAID 6,
RAID 60) RAID levels, controllers with the Adaptec Advanced Data Protection Suite include additional
methods of protecting the data on your storage space.
This section describes how to use hot spares, failover, and copyback to protect your data.
Creating and Managing Hot Spares
A hot spare is a disk drive or SSD (Solid State Drive) that automatically replaces any failed drive in a
logical drive, and can subsequently be used to rebuild that logical drive. (For more information, see
Recovering from a Disk Drive Failure on page 135.)
Hot Spare Limitations
• You cannot protect a RAID 0 logical drive or simple volume with a hot spare; hot spares protect only
redundant logical drives.
• You cannot create a hot spare from a disk drive that is already part of a logical drive.
• You should select a disk drive that is at least as big as the largest disk drive it might replace.
• We recommend that you do not designate a SAS hot spare for a logical drive comprising SATA disk
drives, or a SATA hot spare for a logical drive comprising SAS disk drives.
Global Spare or Dedicated Spare?
A global hot spare is not assigned to a specific logical drive; it will protect any redundant logical drive
on the controller. (RAID 0 logical drives and simple volumes are non-redundant and are not protected
by hot spares.) You can designate a global hot spare before or after you build logical drives on a controller.
To designate a global hot spare, see Designating a Global Hot Spare on page 51.
A dedicated hot spare is assigned to one or more specific logical drives and will only protect those logical
drives. A dedicated hot spare that is assigned to protect more than one logical drive is called a pool
spare. You must create the logical drive before you can assign a dedicated hot spare to protect it. To
assign a dedicated hot spare or pool hot spare, see Assigning a Dedicated Hot Spare or Pool Hot Spare
on page 52.
Designating a Global Hot Spare
To designate a global hot spare before or after you build a logical drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller then, in the Physical Devices tree, select the disk drive or
SSD that you want to designate as a hot spare. (See Hot Spare Limitations on page 51 for help
selecting a disk drive.)
2. On the ribbon, in the Physical Device group, click Spare Management.
The Spare Management wizard opens.
3. Select Global, then click Next.
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4. Review the summary of protected logical drives, then click Finish.
Any other logical drives created on the controller will automatically be protected by that global hot
spare.
Assigning a Dedicated Hot Spare or Pool Hot Spare
A dedicated hot spare is assigned to one specific logical drive. A dedicated hot spare assigned to protect
more than one logical drive is called a pool hot spare.
Note: You must create the logical drive before you can assign a dedicated hot spare
to protect it.
To assign a dedicated spare or pool hot spare:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller then, in the Physical Devices tree, select the disk drive or
SSD you want to designate as a hot spare. (See Hot Spare Limitations on page 51 for help selecting
a disk drive.)
2. On the ribbon, in the Physical Device group, click Spare Management.
The Spare Management wizard opens.
3. Select Dedicated or Pooled, as needed, then click Next.
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4. Select the logical drive(s) that you want protected by the dedicated spare, then click Next.
5. Review the summary of protected logical drives, then click Finish.
Deleting a Global Hot Spare
You may want to delete a global hot spare to:
• Make disk drive space available for another logical drive.
• Make a global hot spare into a dedicated hot spare.
• Remove the ‘hot spare’ designation from a disk drive that is no longer being used as a hot spare.
(When a hot spare is built into a logical drive after a disk drive failure, it retains its ‘hot spare’
designation even though it can no longer protect the logical drives it's assigned to. See Recovering
from a Disk Drive Failure on page 135.
To delete a global hot spare:
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1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller then, in the Physical Devices tree, select a hot spare drive.
2. On the ribbon, in the Physical Device group, click Spare Management.
The Spare Management wizard opens.
3. Click Un-assign, then click Next.
4. Review the summary of affected logical drives, then click Finish.
The hot spare is deleted and the drive becomes available for other uses in your storage space.
Removing or Deleting a Dedicated Hot Spare
You can delete a dedicated hot spare or remove it from a logical drive. You may want to do this to:
• Make disk drive space available for another logical drive.
• Make a dedicated hot spare into a global hot spare.
• Remove the ‘hot spare’ designation from a disk drive that is no longer being used as a hot spare.
Note: When a hot spare is built into a logical drive after a disk drive failure, it
retains its ‘hot spare’ designation even though it can no longer protect the logical
drives it's assigned to. See Recovering from a Disk Drive Failure on page 135 for
more information.
To remove or delete a dedicated hot spare:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller then, in the Physical Devices tree, select a dedicated hot
spare.
2. On the ribbon, in the Physical Device group, click Spare Management.
The Spare Management wizard opens.
3. Click Un-assign, then click Next.
4. Select the logical drive(s) from which to remove the dedicated spare, then click Next.
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5. Review the summary of affected logical drive(s), then click Finish.
If the spare protects only one logical drive, it is deleted and the drive becomes available for other
uses in your storage space. If the spare protects more than one logical drive (a pool spare), it is
removed from the selected logical drive(s) but continues to protect the other logical drives to which
it is assigned.
Enabling Copyback
When a logical drive is rebuilt using a hot spare (see Failed Disk Drive Protected by a Hot Spare on page
135), data from the failed drive is transferred to the hot spare. When copyback is enabled, data is moved
back to its original location once the controller detects that the failed drive has been replaced. Once
the data is copied back, the hot spare becomes available again.
To enable or disable copyback:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. Click the Data Protection tab.
4. In the Copyback drop-down list, select Enabled or Disabled , then click Apply.
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Enabling Automatic Failover
This function controls the rebuilding of a logical drive when a failed drive is replaced. When failover is
enabled, the controller automatically rebuilds a logical drive when a failed disk drive is replaced. When
failover is disabled, the logical drive must be rebuilt manually (for more information, see Rebuilding
Logical Drives on page 137). Failover applies to redundant logical drives only (see Selecting the Best RAID
Level on page 141).
To enable or disable failover:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. Click the Data Protection tab.
4. In the Failover drop-down list, select Enabled or Disabled , then click Apply.
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7
Modifying Your Storage Space
This section provides additional scenarios for creating and modifying logical drives. It explains how to
create hybrid RAID drives; optimize logical drive performance; and use maxView Storage Manager's
power management features to create an energy-efficient storage space.
Understanding Logical Drives
A logical drive is a group of physical disk drives that appears to your operating system as a single drive
that can be used for storing data.
A logical drive can comprise one or more disk drives or SSDs, and can use part or all of each disk drive's
capacity.
You can include the same disk drive in two different logical drives by using just a portion of the space
on the disk drive in each, as shown in the following figure.
Three Disk Drives
(500 MB Each)
One RAID 1
Logical Drive
One RAID 5
Logical Drive
250 MB
250 MB
250 MB
250 MB
Available
Space
250 MB
250 MB
250 MB
250 MB
Appears to Operating System
as one 250 MB disk drive
250 MB
250 MB
Appears to Operating System
as one 500 MB disk drive
Disk drive space that has been assigned to a logical drive is called a segment. A segment can include all
or just a portion of a disk drive's space. A disk drive with one segment is part of one logical drive, a disk
drive with two segments is part of two logical drives, and so on. When a logical drive is deleted, the
segments that comprised it revert to available space (or free segments).
A logical drive can include redundancy, depending on its RAID level. (See Selecting the Best RAID Level
on page 141 for more information.)
Once a logical drive has been created, you can change its RAID level or increase its capacity to meet
changing requirements. You can also protect your logical drives by assigning one or more hot spares to
them. (See Creating and Managing Hot Spares on page 51 for more information.)
Creating and Modifying Logical Drives
For basic instructions for creating logical drives, see Building Your Storage Space on page 40.
This section describes three additional scenarios for creating logical drives:
• To create a logical drive from different-sized disk drives, see Including Different-sized Disk Drives in
a Logical Drive on page 59.
• To create a logical drive using available segments of disk drives, see Creating a Logical Drive Using
Available Segments on page 60.
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• To create a hybrid RAID logical drive using a combination of hard disk drives and SSDs, see Creating
a Hybrid RAID Logical Drive on page 60.
Including Different-sized Disk Drives in a Logical Drive
You can combine disk drives of different sizes in the same logical drive. If the logical drive includes
redundancy, however, the size of each segment can be no larger than the size of the smallest disk drive.
(See Selecting the Best RAID Level on page 141 for more information about redundancy.)
Note: We recommend that you do not combine SAS and SATA disk drives within the
same logical drive. maxView Storage Manager displays a warning if you try to create
a logical drive using a combination of SAS and SATA disk drives.
To create a logical drive with disk drives of different sizes, follow the instructions in Custom Configuration
on page 47. When the wizard displays the RAID Members panel, select different size drives, as shown
in the figure below, then complete the wizard.
When the logical drive is created, check its resources on the Storage Dashboard: it should appear similar
to the next figure, where a RAID 5 logical drive includes two disk drives of one size and one of another.
RAID5 with different size disks.
No segment is larger than smallest
disk drive (111GB, in this example).
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You can include a disk drive's available space in a new logical drive (see Creating a Logical Drive Using
Available Segments on page 60), or add it to an existing logical drive (see Increasing the Capacity of a
Logical Drive on page 66).
Creating a Logical Drive Using Available Segments
Free segments on a disk drive can be used to create a new logical drive. (Each segment can be used in
only one logical drive at a time.)
To create a logical drive using free segments on disk drives, follow the instructions in Custom
Configuration on page 47. When the wizard displays the RAID Members panel, select the disk drives
and/or free disk drive segments you want to use in the logical drive, then complete the wizard.
Creating a Hybrid RAID Logical Drive
You can combine hard drives and Solid State Drives (SSDs) in a RAID 1 or RAID 10 logical drive to create
a hybrid RAID drive. Hybrid RAID leverages the performance benefits of the SSDs in your system by
sending read operations to the SSD first; typically, the fastest I/O path.
For a hybrid RAID 1, you must select exactly one HDD and one SSD. For a hybrid RAID 10 you must select
an equal number of SSDs and HDDs.
You can use any SSD (or available segment) when creating or modifying a hybrid RAID drive.
To create a hybrid RAID drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system, then select a controller on that system.
Note the number and location of SSDs in your system; for instance, SSD 1 in Slot 1 on Enclosure 1,
SSD 2 in Slot 3 on Enclosure 1, and so on. This information will be helpful as you create the hybrid
RAID drive in the wizard.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Create Logical Drive.
3. When the wizard opens, select Custom Configuration, then click Next.
4. In the RAID Level panel, select RAID 1 or RAID 10, then click Next.
5. Select the hard drives and SSDs that you want to use in the hybrid RAID drive.
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For a RAID 10, be sure to select an even number of SSDs and HDDs!
6. Click Next, then customize the RAID Attributes, as needed. See Fine-tuning Logical Drives on page
61 for more information.
7. Click Next, review the logical drive settings, then click Finish.
maxView Storage Manager begins to build the hybrid RAID drive. Use the Event Log and Task Log to
track build progress.
Fine-tuning Logical Drives
You can fine-tune a new or existing logical drive to meet your needs by changing its name or adjusting
the property settings described in this section.
Renaming a Logical Drive
To change the name of a logical drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select the logical drive you want to rename.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. In the Logical Device Name field, type the new name, then click OK.
maxView Storage Manager updates the logical drive name and displays the new name in the Enterprise
View.
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Changing the Read Cache Setting
When read caching is enabled, the controller monitors read access to a logical drive and, if it sees a
pattern, pre-loads the cache with data that seems most likely to be read next, thereby improving
performance. You can set the Read Cache to:
• Enabled—The controller transfers data from the logical drive to its local cache in portions equal to
the stripe size. Use this setting for the best performance when workloads are steady and sequential.
Enabled is the default setting.
• Disabled—The controller transfers data from the logical drive to its local cache in portions equal to
the system I/O request size. Use this setting for the best performance when workloads are random
or the system I/O requests are smaller than the stripe size.
Note: For additional performance gains in read-intensive applications, you can also
use maxCache read caching. For more information, see Changing maxCache Settings
for a Logical Drive on page 85.
To quickly change the read cache setting:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select a logical drive on that controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. In the Read Cache drop-down list, select Enabled or Disabled, as needed.
4. Click OK.
Changing the Write Cache Setting
The write cache setting determines when data is stored on a disk drive and when the controller
communicates with the operating system. You can set the Write Cache to:
• Disabled (write-through)—The controller sends (or writes) the data to a disk drive, then sends
confirmation to the operating system that the data was received. Use this setting when performance
is less important than data protection.
• Enabled (write-back)—The controller sends confirmation to the operating system that the data was
received, then writes the data to a disk drive. Use this setting when performance is more important
than data protection and you aren't using a battery-backup cache or zero-maintenance cache
protection module. Enabled is the default setting.
• Enabled (write-back) when protected by battery/ZMM—Similar to Enabled (write-back), but used
when the controller is protected by a zero-maintenance cache protection module. For more
information about zero-maintenance cache protection, see the Adaptec RAID Controller Installation
and User's Guide.
Note: (RAID 10, 50, and 60 only) All logical drives comprising a RAID 10/50/60 logical
device must have the same write cache setting—either all write-through or all
write-back.
To quickly change the write cache setting:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select a logical drive on that controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Set Properties.
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The Set Properties window opens.
3. In the Write Cache drop-down list, select Enabled, Enabled when protected by battery/ZMM,
or Disabled, as needed.
4. Click OK.
Changing the Stripe Size
The stripe size is the amount of data (in KB) written to one disk drive, before moving to the next disk
drive in the logical device. Stripe size options vary, depending on your controller and RAID level. For
example, in a RAID 6 or RAID 60 logical drive, the more disk drives included in the logical drive, the fewer
stripe size options are available. Normally, the default stripe size provides the best performance.
You can change the stripe size of an existing logical drive when you expand or migrate the logical drive.
For more information, see Increasing the Capacity of a Logical Drive on page 66 and Changing the RAID
Level of a Logical Drive on page 67.
Changing the Initialize Method
The initialize, or build, method determines how a logical drive is prepared for reading and writing and
how long initialization will take.
You can choose one of the initialization methods below when you create a new logical drive with the
Custom Configuration wizard. (The methods are presented in order of slowest to fastest.) You can change
the initialization method of an existing logical drive only when you expand the logical drive (see Increasing
the Capacity of a Logical Drive on page 66).
• Build—(slowest) For RAID 1 logical drives, data is copied from the primary drive to the mirror drive;
for RAID 5 logical drives, parity is computed and written. maxView Storage Manager performs Build
initializations in the background; you can use the logical drive immediately. Build is the default setting
for most logical drives
• Clear—Every block in the logical drive is overwritten with zeros, removing all existing data. You
cannot use the logical drive until the initialization is complete.
• Quick—(fastest) The logical drive is made available immediately. Quick is the default setting for RAID
1, RAID 1EE, and RAID 10 logical drives. It is recommended for use only with new drives.
• Skip Initialization—Reconstructs the logical drive meta-data without modifying or destroying other
data on the disks. Useful for recovering data when multiple drives fail in the same logical drive. For
more information, see Multiple Disk Drive Failures in the Same Logical Drive on page 136.
Optimizing Logical Drive Performance
To ensure optimal performance of the logical drives in your storage space, you can select an
application-specific performance mode to improve I/O throughput based on the needs of your application.
The following performance modes are supported by maxView Storage Manager.
Performance Mode
Performance Criteria
Dynamic (default)
Automatically adjusts
—
criteria based on controller
usage, RAID level, and disk
drive type
Online Transaction Process (O
LTP)/Database—a system that
facilitates and manages
transaction-oriented
applications, such as data
entry or retrieval applications.
100% Random
60%--80% Read
20%--40% Write
8Kb Blocks
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SAS:
R0 Sequential writes (all request sizes)
R0 File server and Web server
R5 Sequential writes (all request sizes)
R5 Web server
R6 Web server
R10 Sequential writes
R10 Web server
SATA:
R0 Sequential reads (all request sizes)
R0 Sequential writes (all request sizes)
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Performance Mode
Performance Criteria
Best Performance
R5 Sequential writes (256Kb request size)
R5 Random writes
R6 Sequential writes (all request sizes)
R10 Sequential writes (all request sizes)
R10 Workstation
Big Block Bypass
Bypasses DRAM write
Optimizes performance for Web servers, file
cache based on I/O write servers, and databases
size
Adjusts stripe size flush for
simple volumes to 128K
minimum
To select a performance mode for the logical drives on a controller:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select a logical drive on that controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. In the Performance Mode drop-down list, select the application type: Dynamic, OLTP, or Big Block
Bypass.
4. Click OK.
5. Shutdown maxView Storage Manager and reboot the system.
Note: You must reboot the system for the performance mode setting to take
effect.
Verifying Logical Drives
To ensure that there are no data problems on your logical drives, it is important to verify them. When
you verify a logical drive, maxView Storage Manager checks it for inconsistent or bad data and then
fixes any problems. (You can also choose to verify a logical drive without fixing it.)
Logical drives without redundancy (for instance, RAID 0 logical drives) do not need to be verified.
In maxView Storage Manager, logical drive verification can occur in different ways, depending on your
controller:
• Automatic verification—If your controller supports Build initialization, maxView Storage Manager
automatically verifies all new redundant logical drives. No manual verification is required.
To see if your controller supports Build initialization, select the controller in the Enterprise View
then, on the Storage Dashboard, click Properties.
• Manual verification—If your controller doesn't support Build initialization, a Warning-level event
notice appears in the event log prompting you to verify a logical drive before you begin to use it. To
verify a logical drive manually, see Verifying and Fixing a Logical Drive on page 65.
• Background verification—If your controller supports background consistency check, maxView Storage
Manager continually and automatically checks your logical drives once they're in use.
To see if your controller supports background consistency check, select the controller in the Enterprise
View then, on the Storage Dashboard, click Properties. To enable or disable background consistency
check or to set the checking period, see Enabling/Disabling Background Consistency Check on page 65.
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If your controller doesn't support background consistency check, we highly recommend that you verify
your logical drives weekly, following the instructions in Verifying and Fixing a Logical Drive on page 65.
Verifying and Fixing a Logical Drive
While maxView Storage Manager verifies and fixes a logical drive, you can't complete any other tasks
on the controller. Because the verification can take a long time to complete, you may want to schedule
it as a task to be completed overnight or on a weekend.
Note: You can also choose to verify the logical drive without fixing inconsistent or
bad data.
To verify and fix a logical drive:
1. Ensure that no activity is taking place on the controller for the logical drive.
2. In the Enterprise View, select the logical drive.
3. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Verify.
The Verify Logical Device window opens.
4. To verify the logical drive without fixing bad data, click Verify (default). To repair inconsistent or bad
data during verification, click Verify with fix.
5. To verify the logical drive now (immediately), click Verify.
To verify the logical drive later, click Schedule, then set the time and date to perform the verification.
You can also set up the verification as a recurring task. (For more information, see Working with
Scheduled Tasks on page 90.)
Caution: Do not power off the system while the verification is in progress. If you
do, the verification will stop.
When the verification is complete, an event notice is generated in the local system's event log, at
which time you can continue working with the controller.
Enabling/Disabling Background Consistency Check
If your controller supports background consistency check, maxView Storage Manager continually and
automatically checks your logical drives for bad or inconsistent data once they're in use. (To see if your
controller supports background consistency check, select the controller in the Enterprise View then, on
the Storage Dashboard, click Properties.)
To enable or disable background consistency check:
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1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Click the Data Protection tab.
In Consistency Check drop-down list, select Enabled or Disabled.
Enter the Consistency Check Period period, in days.
Click Apply.
Increasing the Capacity of a Logical Drive
You can add more disk drive space, or expand, a logical drive, to increase its capacity .
Note: Some operating systems have size limitations for logical drives. Refer to your
operating system documentation to see if size limits apply.
The expanded logical drive must have a capacity that is greater than or equal to the original logical drive.
To increase the capacity of a logical drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select the logical drive you want to expand.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Expand/Migrate.
A wizard opens to help you modify the logical drive.
3. Click Next.
4. Select the disk drive(s), drive segments, or SSDs you want to add to the logical drive.
If you want to remove a specific disk drive or segment and replace it with another one (for instance,
to replace a smaller disk drive with a larger one), deselect the disk drive you want to remove, then
select another disk drive of greater or equal capacity to replace it.
Note: We recommend that you do not combine SAS and SATA disk drives within
the same logical drive. maxView Storage Manager displays a warning message if
you try to create a logical drive using a combination of SAS and SATA disk drives.
5. Click Next.
6. Enter the size of the logical drive in the space provided (in gigabytes). It must be greater than or
equal to the current size.
7. Select a new stripe size from the drop-down list, if required.
Note: The default stripe size usually provides the best performance.
8. Click Next.
9. Review the logical drive settings. To make changes, click Back.
10. Click Finish.
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The logical drive is expanded and its capacity increased to the new size.
Changing the RAID Level of a Logical Drive
If your storage needs or application requirements change, you can change, or migrate, the RAID level
of your logical drives to another, more suitable, RAID level. You may want to change the RAID level to
add redundancy, further protect your data, or to improve data availability for speedier access. See
Selecting the Best RAID Level on page 141 for more information.
Changing the RAID level normally requires one or more disk drives to be added to or removed from the
logical drive. maxView Storage Manager will not let you change the RAID level unless the right number
of drives are available.
The following RAID level migrations are supported:
• RAID 0 to RAID 5
• RAID 0 to RAID 10
• RAID 5 to RAID 6
• RAID 6 to RAID 5
• RAID 10 to RAID 5
• RAID 5 to RAID 10
• RAID 1 to RAID 5
• SIMPLE VOLUME to RAID 1
• RAID 1 to SIMPLE VOLUME
To change the RAID level of a logical drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select the logical drive that you want to migrate.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Expand/Migrate.
A wizard opens to help you modify the logical drive.
3. Select a new RAID level, then click Next. Only valid RAID level options are offered.
4. In the RAID Members panel, select the disk drive(s), drive segments, or SSDs that you want to add
to the logical drive.
If you want to remove a specific disk drive or segment and replace it with another one (for instance,
to replace a smaller disk drive with a larger one), deselect the disk drive you want to remove, then
select another disk drive of greater or equal size to replace it.
Note: We recommend that you do not combine SAS and SATA disk drives within
the same logical drive. maxView Storage Manager displays a warning message if
you try to create a logical drive using a combination of SAS and SATA disk drives.
5. Enter the size of the logical drive in the space provided (in gigabytes). It must be greater than or
equal to the current size.
Note: Some operating systems have size limitations for logical drives. Before you
save the configuration, verify that the logical drive size is supported by your
operating system.
6. Select a new stripe size from the drop-down list, if required.
Note: The default stripe size usually provides the best performance.
7. Click Next.
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8. Review the logical drive settings. To make changes, click Back.
9. Click Finish.
The logical drive is reconfigured with the selected disks and migrates to the new RAID level.
Erasing a Logical Drive
You can use maxView Storage Manager to erase the data on any logical drives that are in the Optimal
state. The logical drive remains in the Enterprise View and ready to store new data.
Caution: When you erase a logical drive, you lose all data on that drive.
To erase a logical drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select the logical drive you want to erase.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Erase.
The Erase Logical Device window opens.
3. Click Erase to erase the logical drive; click Cancel to cancel the action.
Deleting a Logical Drive
When you delete a logical drive, it is removed from the Enterprise View and the disk drives or segments
in the logical drive become available to use in a new logical drive (see Creating a Logical Drive Using
Available Segments on page 60), or to expand an existing logical drive (see Increasing the Capacity of
a Logical Drive on page 66).
Caution: When you delete a logical drive, you lose all data stored on that logical drive.
Be sure that you no longer need the data on the logical drive before you delete it.
To delete a logical drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select the logical drive you want to delete.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Delete.
3. When prompted, click Delete to delete the logical drive; click Cancel to cancel the action.
Maintaining an Energy-Efficient Storage Space
You can use power management in maxView Storage Manager to maintain an energy-efficient storage
space. Power management of your storage space reduces cooling and electricity costs. It increases
system stability due to lower heat dissipation. And it improves the quality of your work environment
by reducing noise levels in your computer rooms and data centers.
This section describes how to configure power management for the logical drives and RAID controllers
in your storage space. You can configure power management for an individual logical drive or for all
logical drives on a controller.
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• To configure power management for a logical drive, see Setting Power Management Options for a
Logical Drive on page 69.
• To configure power management for a controller, see Setting Power Management Options for a
Controller on page 70.
• To disable power management on a logical drive, see Disabling Power Management for a Logical
Drive on page 71.
Note: To see if your controller supports power management, select the controller in
the Enterprise View then, on the Storage Dashboard, click the Properties tab. If the
Key Features section includes 'Intelligent Power Management', the controller supports
the power management features. You can check for power management support on
the Storage Dashboard for controllers, logical drives, and physical drives.
Setting Power Management Options for a Logical Drive
This section describes how to set the power management options for an existing logical drive. You can
also set the power management options when you create a logical drive in the wizard (see Custom
Configuration on page 47).
For each logical drive in your storage space, you can a set a timer to reduce the disk drive spin rate
(RPM), turn disk drives off, and verify the health of inactive drives.
Note: We do not recommend enabling power management for logical drives with
shared physical drives; that is, logical drives that include segments of the same physical
drives. Placing logical drives with these characteristics under power management may
limit the power savings benefit in your storage space.
To set the power management options for a logical drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select a logical drive.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. Click the Power tab.
4. In the Power Settings drop-down list, select Enabled.
5. Select a value for each timer from the drop-down lists:
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• Slow Down Drives After—Period of inactivity, from 3 minutes to 3 hours, after which the drives’
spin rate is lowered. The default is Never.
Note: For disk drives that do not support slow operation, set this timer to
Never.
• Verify Drives After—Period of inactivity, from 1 hour to 24 hours, after which an inactive drive
(a drive that's already powered down) is restarted and checked to verify its health. Once the
check is complete, the drive is powered down and returns to an inactive state. The default is
Never.
• Power Off Drives After—Period of inactivity, from 3 minutes to 3 hours, after which the disk
drives are turned off. The default is Never.
6. Click OK.
Setting Power Management Options for a Controller
The power management options for a controller affect all logical drives on that controller. You can
choose a “stay awake” period during which disk drives on the controller always operate at their peak
spin rate. You can also set the spin-up limits for the controller—the maximum number of drives that
the controller may spin up at the same time..
Note: The stay awake period is relative to your local system time and time zone. To
set the time zone for power management, you must use the controller BIOS utility.
The time zone does not adjust automatically for daylight savings time. To compensate,
you must adjust the stay awake period manually, either in the BIOS or with maxView
Storage Manager. For more information, see the Adaptec RAID Controller Installation
and User's Guide.
To set the stay awake period for the disk drives on a controller:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Set Properties.
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The Set Properties window opens.
3. Click the Power Management tab.
4. In the Stay Awake Period drop-down list, select Enabled.
Note: If you enabled power management when you created the logical drive, this
field is set to Enabled, by default.
5. Enter the stay awake period start time and end time in 24-hour, hhmm, format; for example, 0900
for 9AM, 1400 for 2PM, and so on.
6. Select the days of the week to enforce the stay awake period. On days that you do not select, the
stay awake period is disabled and the spin rate is controlled by the logical drive's power timer settings
(see Setting Power Management Options for a Logical Drive on page 69).
7. Enter the maximum number of internal disk drives that the controller may spin-up at the same time.
Then, enter the maximum number of external drives (drives in an enclosure) that the controller may
spin-up at the same time.
8. Click OK.
Disabling Power Management for a Logical Drive
You can disable power management for a logical drive. You may choose to disable power management
for the drives on a high-volume server or a logical drive that needs to be highly available.
To disable power management for a logical drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select a logical drive on that controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. Click the Power tab.
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4. In the Power Settings drop-down list, select Disabled.
5. Click OK.
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8
Optimizing the Structure of Your Storage Space
This section explains how to use Adaptec maxCache™ and maxCache Plus™ to optimize the structure
of your server storage. It describes how to organize storage resources to leverage the performance
capabilities of the Solid State Drives and other fast storage media in your system; create virtual pools
of media with similar performance characteristics; and provision tiered volumes comprised of pools
with different tier levels.
Note: maxCache is supported on all Adaptec Series Q controllers. maxCache Plus is
supported on qualifying Adaptec Series Q controllers only (see the Readme for a
complete list). Once a qualifying Series Q controller is detected in your system, you
can use maxCache Plus to organize storage on any other Adaptec controller. For more
information about Adaptec maxCache technology, visit the Adaptec Web site at
www.adpatec.com. For information about deploying virtual pools and tiered volumes
from the command line (rather than the GUI), see Using the maxConf Command Line
Utility on page 150.
Adding Caching and Tiering to Your Storage Space
maxCache and maxCache Plus use advanced caching and tiering technology to accelerate application
performance.
For caching applications, maxCache uses the Solid State Drives (SSDs) in your system as fast cache
memory. maxCache supports both read and redundant-write caching, and provides performance benefits
for both read and write operations in I/O-intensive applications with mixed workloads.
For tiering applications, maxCache provides virtualized pools of storage using all of the storage resources
in your system. It allows you to organize media into virtual pools with similar performance characteristics,
and provision volumes comprised of pools with different tier levels. Higher level tiers, comprised typically
of SSDs or other fast media (PCIe flash, for instance) store frequently used "hot" data; while lower level
tiers, comprised typically of rotating media, such as SAS or SATA hard disk drives, store static or less
frequently accessed data.
About maxCache Plus
Tiering, in maxCache Plus, is implemented as an operating-system level filter driver. The filter driver
consists of two main parts: Volume Manager and Policy Engine.
• Volume Manager manages I/O to and from the tiered volume and routes the I/O to the correct tier
group. It maintains a tier value mapping table in persistent storage for all the tiered sources. It also
gathers I/O statistics and routes it to the Policy Engine.
• Policy Engine decides where to place the managed data. It analyzes statistical information about
data access frequency and divides the data into "cold" and "hot" queues. Cold data is stored on the
slowest media, typically SAS or SATA hard disk drives. Hot data is stored on the fastest media, such
as an SSD, for rapid retrieval. The Policy Engine continuously analyzes entries in the hot and cold
queues and updates the data location based on use patterns.
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maxCache Plus Filter Driver
Policy Engine
Volume Manager
Statistics Data Mover Map Mgr
Device Driver
Device Driver
PCIe
Controller
Adaptec
Motherboard
chipset devices
& PCIe Flash
3rd Party
Tier 1: Spinning media storage, HDD
PCIe
Controller
Adaptec
3rd Party
Tier 0: Flash storage media, SSD
Tiers, Virtual Pools, and Virtual Volumes
In maxCache Plus, a tier is a collection of storage media with distinct performance characteristics (RAID
5, RAID 10, SSD, SAS hard disk drive, etc). A virtual pool is a grouping of storage devices with similar
performance characteristics. Each pool has a tier level based on the performance characteristics of the
underlying media. Tier 0 is reserved for the highest performing media, such as an SSD pool; a RAID 5
pool, comprised of SAS hard drives, might be assigned to Tier level 1.
You can provision virtual volumes comprised of pools with different tier levels and create cached volumes,
as described below. A virtual volume is exposed to the operating system by the maxCache Filter Driver.
By default, the Filter Driver detects all underlying storage (logical drives, raw devices) and exposes the
discovered resources to the OS as pass-through volumes.
• Tiered Volume—Volume comprised of two pools with different tier levels. The uppermost tier is
used to store the hot data. Its maximum capacity equals the combined capacity of each pool.
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• Cached Volume—Volume comprised of two pools with different tier levels. The uppermost tier is
used as the caching media. Supported cache types include Write-Through and Write-Back. A Cached
Volume's maximum capacity equals the capacity of the lower level tier.
• Cached LD Volume—Volume comprised of an existing logical drive and a pool with better performance
characteristics than the logical drive. Pool devices are used as the caching media. Supported cache
types includes Write-Through only. A Cached LD Volume's maximum capacity equals the logical drive
capacity.
• Pass-Through Volume—Volume comprised of discovered storage (logical drives, raw devices) and
exposed to the OS. Created by default for all underlying storage resources.
maxCache vs. maxCache Plus
maxCache and maxCache Plus both support SSD read and write caching. Tiering, however, is supported
by maxCache Plus only. Whereas maxCache is limited to the resources connected to a single Adaptec
Series Q controller, maxCache Plus utilizes the resources on all of your Adaptec controllers (Series 6/7/8,
Q, non-Q), select 3rd party controllers or HBAs, motherboard chipset storage, and PCIe devices, such
as PCIe flash.
Note: As a prerequisite for using maxCache Plus, you must have at least one qualifying
Adaptec Series Q controller in your configuration; see the Readme for a complete list.
For supported third-party controllers and storage devices, contact Adaptec Support.
For local storage connected directly to your Adaptec controller, the maxCache software uses a reserved
logical drive comprised of SSDs only to support read and write caching for all logical drives on that
controller. This logical drive is called the maxCache Container (see Adding maxCache to Local Storage
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on page 84 for more). By contrast, maxCache Plus uses a virtual pool of SSDs (or other fast media) to
support read and write caching on a designated logical drive or virtual volume, anywhere in your storage
space.
Finally, due to its implementation as a filter driver and ability to use storage resources across your
system, maxCache Plus typically offers improved throughput, lower latency, and greater scalability than
maxCache.
Note: You cannot use an SSD concurrently in a maxCache Container and maxCache
Plus virtual volume. When you create a maxCache Container, the member SSDs are
hidden from the maxCache Plus filter driver.
Creating and Managing Virtual Pools
This section describes how to create a virtual pool from available storage, modify pool properties, and
delete a virtual pool.
Creating a Virtual Pool
When you create a virtual pool, you choose the pool members from the logical devices in your storage
space, then assign the pool to a tier level. Tier 0 is reserved for your fast media, such as an SSD pool.
To create a virtual pool:
1. In the Enterprise View, open the maxCache Plus tree, then select the Virtual Pools tree node.
2. On the ribbon, in the Virtual Pool group, click Create Virtual Pool.
The Create Virtual Pool wizard opens.
3. Enter the pool name (up to 31 characters), tier level, chunk size (64KB, 256KB, 1MB, or 4MB), and
pool description (up to 63 characters), then click Next.
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4. Select the logical drive(s) you want to add to the pool, then click Next.
Note: The Capacity field is read-only. By default, the pool capacity equals the total
capacity of the pool members.
5. Review the pool settings, then click Finish.
Modifying a Virtual Pool
You can modify the properties of an existing virtual pool to change its description or tier level. You can
change a pool's tier level only if it is not part of a virtual volume.
To modify virtual pool properties:
1. In the Enterprise View, open the maxCache Plus tree then, in the Virtual Pools tree, select a virtual
pool.
2. On the ribbon, in the Virtual Pool group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. Change the pool description (up to 63 characters) or tier level, as needed.
Note: If the pool is part of a virtual volume, the tier level is read-only.
4. Click OK.
Deleting a Virtual Pool
When you delete a virtual pool, all data in the pool is destroyed and the underlying media becomes
available for use in other storage applications.
Caution: Ensure that volumes with the deleted pool as a member are inactive;
otherwise you may lose data.
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To delete a virtual pool:
1. In the Enterprise View, open the maxCache Plus tree then, in the Virtual Pools tree, select a virtual
pool.
2. On the ribbon, in the Virtual Pool group, click Delete.
3. When prompted, click Delete to delete the virtual pool. Click Cancel to cancel the action.
Creating and Managing Virtual Volumes
This section describes how to create a tiered or cached virtual volume, modify volume properties, and
delete a virtual volume.
Creating a Tiered Volume
When you create a Tiered Volume, you choose two pools with different tier levels: a fast "up-tier" pool,
and a slower "down-tier" pool. Optionally, you can specify the volume size and the relative size of each
tier level. You can also "tune" the volume by specifying its fetch and flush rate.
To create a Tiered Volume:
1. In the Enterprise View, open the maxCache Plus tree, then select the Virtual Volumes tree node.
2. On the ribbon, in the Virtual Volume group, click Create Virtual Volume.
3. When the wizard opens, ensure that Tiered is selected (the default), then click Next.
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4. In the Tiering Attributes panel, select the up-tier pool and down-tier pool from the drop-down lists.
5. Customize the volume settings. You can:
• Enter a name for the volume (up to 31 characters) and the volume description (up to 63
characters). Names can include any combination of letters and numbers, but cannot include
spaces.
• Adjust the volume size. By default, the volume size equals the total size of the up-tier pool and
down-tier pool.
• Adjust the size of each tier level by clicking on either the size or percent spinners. The total size
remains the same.
• Adjust the volume's fetch and flush rate. Valid values are: Aggressive, Normal, Passive
6. Click Next, review the volume settings, then click Finish.
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Creating a Cached Volume or Cached LD Volume
When you create a Cached Volume, you choose two pools with different tier levels. The upper-level
(fast) pool is used for caching. When you create a Cached LD Volume, you choose an existing logical
drive as the primary storage device, then you select the cache pool. Optionally, you can specify the size
of the cache pool. You can also "tune" the volume by specifying its fetch and flush rate.
To create a Cached Volume or Cached LD Volume:
1. In the Enterprise View, open the maxCache Plus tree, then select the Virtual Volumes tree node.
2. On the ribbon, in the Virtual Volume group, click Create Virtual Volume.
3. When the wizard opens, click Cached or Cached LD, then click Next.
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4. (Cached LD Volume only) For a Cached LD Volume, select the logical drive you want to use as the
primary storage device, then click Next. You can select only one logical drive.
5. In the Caching Attributes panel, select the lower-level pool from the Volume Device drop-down list,
then select the cache (upper-level) pool.
Note: For a Cached LD Volume, the Volume Device/Size field is read-only. The
volume device is fixed, based on your selection in Step [4].
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6. Customize the volume settings. You can:
• Enter a name for the volume (up to 31 characters). Names can include any combination of letters
and numbers, but cannot include spaces. The default is VDn (VD0, VD1, and so on).
• (Cached Volume only) Adjust the volume size. By default, the volume size equals the size of the
lower-level pool.
Note: For a Cached LD Volume, the volume size is fixed, based on your selection
in Step [4].
• Adjust the size of the cache pool by clicking on either the size or percent spinners. By default,
the capacity of the cache pool is set to 20% of the capacity of the lower-level pool.
• Select the cache mode:
• Write-Back (Cached Volume only): uses the cache for fast retrieval and updates lower-level
storage at the same time.
• Write-Through: uses cache for the "freshest" data and updates lower-level storage at a later
time.
• Adjust the volume's fetch and flush rate. Valid values are: Aggressive, Normal, Passive
7. Click Next, review the volume settings, then click Finish.
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Modifying a Virtual Volume
Use this option to modify the properties of an existing virtual volume, including the volume description
and its fetch and flush rate.
To modify virtual volume properties:
1. In the Enterprise View, open the maxCache Plus tree then, in the Virtual Volumes tree, select a virtual
volume.
2. On the ribbon, in the Virtual Volume group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. Change the volume description (up to 63 characters), as needed.
4. From the Fetch/Flush Mode drop-down, adjust the volume's fetch and flush rate. Valid values are:
Aggressive, Normal, Passive.
5. Click OK.
Deleting a Virtual Volume
When you delete a virtual volume, all data in the volume is destroyed.
To delete a virtual volume:
1. In the Enterprise View, open the maxCache Plus tree then, in the Virtual Volumes tree, select a virtual
volume.
2. On the ribbon, in the Virtual Volume group, click Delete.
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3. When prompted, click Delete to delete the virtual volume. Click Cancel to cancel the action.
Adding maxCache to Local Storage
For storage connected directly to your Adaptec Series Q controller, the maxCache software uses a
reserved logical drive comprised of SSDs only, called the maxCache Container, for fast read and write
caching. maxCache can be applied independently on a per controller or per logical drive basis. By default,
maxCache is enabled for new logical drives (see Creating Logical Drives on page 44).
With maxCache read caching enabled, the system copies frequently read "hot" data to the maxCache
Container for faster retrieval. With maxCache write caching enabled, the maxCache Container is populated
with certain "hot" blocks from the logical drives on the controller. All writes to these hot blocks go
directly to the maxCache Container. The data remains on the maxCache Container until it is full or some
other "hotter" data replaces it.
Use the procedures in the following sections to create, modify, and maintain the maxCache Container,
and to enable and disable maxCache for the logical drives in your storage space.
Note: Adaptec Series 6Q controllers support maxCache read caching only and do not
use the maxCache Container. For more information, see Using maxCache with Adaptec
Series 6Q Controllers on page 88.
Creating a maxCache Container
To create a maxCache Container:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system, then select a controller on that system.
2. On the ribbon, in the maxCache group, click Create maxCache.
3. When the wizard opens, select a RAID level for the container, then click Next.
See Selecting the Best RAID Level on page 141 for more information about RAID levels.
4. Select the SSDs that you want to include in the maxCache Container. Be sure to select the right
number of SSDs for the RAID level you selected.
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5. Click Next.
6. (Optional) In the RAID Attributes panel, customize the settings for the maxCache Container. You
can:
• Enter a name for the maxCache Container. Names can include any combination of letters and
numbers, but cannot include spaces.
• Set a smaller logical drive size. (By default, the maxCache Container uses all available drive space.)
• Set the build method to: Build, Clear, or Quick.
• Set the build priority to: High, Medium, or Low.
See Fine-tuning Logical Drives on page 61 for details about customizing the settings in the RAID
Attributes panel.
7. Click Next, then review the logical drive settings. To make changes, click Back.
8. Click Finish.
maxView Storage Manager builds the maxCache Container. Use the Event Log and Task Log to track
build progress.
Changing maxCache Settings for a Logical Drive
You can enable or disable maxCache read and write caching for each logical drive in your storage space:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select a logical drive on that controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Set Properties.
3. When the Set Properties window opens, click the maxCache tab.
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4. In the drop-down lists:
• For maxCache Read Cache, select Enabled or Disabled, as needed.
• For maxCache Write Cache, select Enabled or Disabled, as needed.
5. Click OK.
Changing maxCache Settings for a Controller
You can disable maxCache write caching for all logical drives on a controller. Because write caching
sends in-coming data to the maxCache Container first, before moving it to the logical devices on your
controller, you may want to disable write caching to reduce the possibility of data loss in the event of
a power outage, system failure, or dirty shutdown.
Note: To re-enable maxCache write caching in your storage space, you must change
the maxCache settings for each logical drive individually; see Changing maxCache
Settings for a Logical Drive on page 85.
To disable maxCache write caching for a controller:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select the maxCache Container on that controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the maxCache group, click Disable Write Cache.
3. Click OK.
Setting the maxCache Flush and Fetch Rate
Once the maxCache Container is built, you can set its Flush and Fetch rate to optimize the read cache
performance.
To set the maxCache Container Flush and Fetch rate:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select the maxCache Container for that controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the maxCache group, click Set Properties.
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The Set Properties window opens.
3. In the drop-down list, set the Flush and Fetch rate to: Slow, Medium, or High. The default is Medium.
Note: The lower the rate, the longer data is kept on the maxCache Container
before it is flushed from the cache.
4. Click OK.
Verifying and Fixing the maxCache Container
If maxCache is enabled for a controller, you cannot complete any other tasks on that controller while
maxView Storage Manager verifies and fixes the maxCache Container. Optionally, you can choose to
verify the maxCache Container without fixing inconsistent or bad data, or run a coherency check to
compare valid pages of the maxCache Container with their corresponding logical drive storage.
To verify and fix the maxCache Container:
1. Ensure that no activity is taking place on the controller for the maxCache Container.
2. In the Enterprise View, select the maxCache Container you want to verify and fix.
3. On the ribbon, in the maxCache group, click Verify.
The Verify maxCache window opens.
4. Choose a verification option:
Options
To repair inconsistent or bad data during
verification
Description
...click Verify with fix.
To verify the maxCache Container without ...click Verify.
fixing bad data
To perform a coherency check on the maxC ...click Coherency Check, then select Once or Always
ache meta-data
from the drop-down list.
5. Click OK.
Caution: Do not power off the system while the verification is in progress. If you
do, the verification will stop.
When the verification is complete, an event notice is generated in the system's event log, at which
time you can continue working with the controller.
Deleting the maxCache Container
When you delete the maxCache Container, the component SSDs become available and can be used to
create a new logical drive, hot spare, or new maxCache Container.
Caution: Ensure that no activity is taking place on the controller for the maxCache
Container; otherwise you may lose data.
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To delete the maxCache Container:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select the maxCache Container.
2. On the ribbon, in the maxCache group, click Delete.
3. When prompted, click Delete to delete the maxCache Container; click Cancel to cancel the action.
Using maxCache with Adaptec Series 6Q Controllers
Adaptec Series 6Q controllers support maxCache read caching only. On a Series 6Q controller with
maxCache read caching enabled, the system copies frequently read "hot" data to an SSD cache pool,
called the maxCache device. Unlike the maxCache Container, used for Adaptec Series 7Q, Series 8Q,
and newer controllers, the maxCache device is simply a collection of SSDs used as fast read memory; it
is not a logical device and is not displayed in the Enterprise view.
Use the following procedure to configure the maxCache device and to set its cache Flush and Fetch
Rate. By default, maxCache read caching is enabled for a logical drive. To disable maxCache read caching,
see Changing maxCache Settings for a Logical Drive on page 85.
To configure the maxCache device:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system, then select an Adaptec Series 6Q controller on that system.
2. On the ribbon, in the maxCache group, click Create maxCache.
The maxCache Device Configuration window opens.
3. Select one or more SSDs in the Available SSD Drives list, then click right arrow.
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To remove a SSD from the cache, select one or more SSDs in the maxCache Device list, then click
left arrow.
4. Select the maxCache flush and fetch rate from the drop-down list: Low, Medium, High. (The default
is Medium.)
5. Click OK.
maxView Storage Manager builds the maxCache Device. Use the Event Log and Task Log to track
build progress.
Analyzing maxCache Performance
maxView Storage Manager provides advance usage statistics for maxCache virtual volumes and the
maxCache Container. You can use these statistics to gain a better understanding of how maxCache is
performing in your storage space. Use the Statistics Viewer to view the maxCache statistics (see Viewing
Advanced Statistics on page 124). Refer to Virtual Volume Advanced Statistics on page 149 for a description
of the statistics shown in the figure below for maxCache virtual volumes.
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Working with Scheduled Tasks
maxView Storage Manager allows you to schedule some tasks to start at convenient times. Additionally,
you can schedule some tasks to recur at preset times.
This section describes how to schedule, monitor, and manage tasks.
Scheduling a Task
If a task is lengthy and limits access to components in your storage space, you may want to set a date
and time for the task to start, instead of running the task while there is activity in your storage space.
If a task must be performed regularly, you can schedule it to recur at preset times.
You can schedule these tasks in maxView Storage Manager:
• Expanding a logical drive
• Changing a logical drive's RAID level
• Modifying the stripe size of a logical drive (as part of an expansion or migration)
• Verifying a logical drive
• Verifying and fixing a logical drive
To schedule one of these tasks:
1. Complete each step of the task until you are prompted to finish the task or schedule the task. (The
actual label on the "finish" button varies, depending on the task type.) Do not click finish!
2. Click Schedule.
The schedule window opens.
Note: The schedule window is the same for all tasks, except for the title text on
the title bar.
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3. Set the time and date for the task to start. You can pick the date from the calendar or use the controls
in the Start Date field to enter it directly. By default, the task starts "today".
Note: If you are scheduling a task on a remote system located in another
geographical area, remember that the time you set for the task is that system's
time, which may be different from the local time. You will be prompted to select
a new time if the one you've set occurs in the past on the remote system.
4. Set the recurrence frequency from the drop-down menu, if the option is available for this task and
you want it to occur regularly. You can set a task to recur daily, weekly, or monthly.
5. Click OK.
The task is saved and the scheduled task is added to the Task Log.
Monitoring Tasks
You can use the Task Log and Event Log—at the bottom of the maxView Storage Manager main window
—to monitor your tasks. The information in each log is complementary, and helps you manage the
scheduled and non-scheduled tasks in your system.
Use the Event Log for information
about running or non-recurring tasks
Use the Task Log for general task
information, status, and progress
The Task Log displays all scheduled tasks in order of creation, and includes basic information about each
task, and progress of running tasks. The Status column shows the current condition of each task:
• Scheduled—The task is scheduled to be completed at a future date and time.
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• Running—The task is running and currently in progress.
• Error—The task did not complete successfully. (For more information about an error, double-click
the task in the Task Log to open the Task Log Detail window; see Viewing Task Status in the Task Log
on page 112.)
The Event Log displays additional information about tasks, such as when a scheduled task is modified
or deleted, or when a task did not complete successfully.
The Event Log uses icons to show the status of tasks:
Icon
Status
Explanation and Solution
Information
The task completed successfully. No action required.
Warning
The task missed its start time. Reschedule the task to clear the error, as described in
Modifying a Task on page 92.
Error
The task failed. Delete the task to clear the error. Schedule the task again, as described
in Scheduling a Task on page 90.
What if a Task Misses its Start Time?
Tasks scheduled in maxView Storage Manager include an automatic 30-minute grace period following
their start time, to accommodate temporary interruptions. For instance, if there's a brief power outage
a task will run once normal conditions resume, if the interruption lasts no longer than 30 minutes past
the scheduled start time.
If a task misses its start time, it must be rescheduled. For instructions, see Modifying a Task on page
92.
If a recurring task misses its start time, it is automatically rescheduled to run at the next scheduled
interval.
Modifying a Task
If the requirements for a scheduled task change, you can use maxView Storage Manager to modify the
task. You can reschedule a task for a different date or time; change it from recurring to non-recurring;
and modify the task description that appears in the Task Log. Creating a custom task description makes
it easier to find the task in the task list.
To modify a scheduled task:
1. In the Task Log, single-click the task you want to modify.
2. When the Task Log Detail window opens, click Modify.
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3. When the Modify Task window opens, make the required changes, then click OK.
The task changes are saved and its entry in the Task Log is updated.
Deleting a Task
If a scheduled task is no longer needed, you can delete it from the system.
To delete a task:
1. In the Task Log, single-click the task you want to delete.
2. When the Task Log Detail window opens, click Delete.
3. Click Yes to confirm the deletion.
The task is deleted and its entry is removed from the Task Log.
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Maintaining Physical Devices
This section describes how to manage the controllers, disk drives, solid state drives, and enclosures in
your storage space.
Viewing Device Properties
Click on any physical device in the Enterprise View then, on the Storage Dashboard, click the Properties
tab to view version numbers, status, model numbers, features, and other information about the device.
The properties listed vary, depending on which type of device you select. The figure below shows the
properties for a controller. For more information about using the Storage Dashboard to monitor the
components in your storage space, see Viewing Component Status in the Storage Dashboard on page
112.
Locating Drives in Your Storage Space
You can blink the LEDs on disk drives and SSDs to identify where they are physically located in your
storage space. This table describes how to locate specific devices.
To Locate...
Select...
A disk drive
Disk Drive icon:
All disk drives included in a
logical drive
Logical Drive icon:
All SSDs in the maxCache C
ontainer
maxCache Container icon:
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To Locate...
Select...
Locating a Disk Drive
To locate a (single) disk drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller then, in the Physical Devices tree, select a disk drive.
2. On the ribbon, in the Physical Device group, click Locate.
The Locate PD window opens.
3. Click the Locate button (on the Locate PD window).
The LED on the disk drive begins to blink.
4. Click Stop to stop blinking the drive.
5. Click Cancel to close the Locate PD window.
Locating Physical Disks in a Logical Drive
To locate all physical disks in a logical drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller then, in the Logical Devices tree, select a logical drive.
2. On the ribbon, in the Logical Device group, click Locate.
The Locate LD window opens and displays a list of the physical disks associated with the logical drive.
3. Click the Locate button (on the Locate LD window).
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The LEDs on the disk drives begin to flash.
4. Click Stop to stop blinking the drives.
5. Click Cancel to close the Locate LD window.
Locating SSDs in the maxCache Container
To locate all Solid State Drives (SSDs) in the maxCache Container:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller then, in the maxCache Container tree, select the maxCache
Container on that controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the maxCache group, click Locate.
The Locate maxCache window opens, displaying a list of the SSDs comprising the maxCache Container.
3. Click the Locate button (on the Locate maxCache window).
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The LEDs on the SSDs begin to flash.
4. Click Stop to stop blinking the SSDs.
5. Click Cancel to close the Locate maxCache window.
Working with Failed or Failing Disk Drives
This section describes how to use maxView Storage Manager to manage failed or failing disk drives in
your storage space.
Replacing Disk Drives in a Logical Drive
You can replace one or more disk drives in a logical drive. You may want to replace a drive to upgrade
to larger disk drives, or to make disk drive size uniform across the logical drive.
Caution: If another disk drive in the logical drive fails during rebuild (see Rebuilding
Logical Drives on page 137), you may lose data. For help solving disk drive problems,
see Recovering from a Disk Drive Failure on page 135.
To replace a disk drive in a logical drive:
1. In the Physical Devices tree in the Enterprise View, find the disk drive you want to replace; note its
size and location (for instance Slot 1 in Enclosure 0).
2. Set the drive state to failed. (See Setting a Disk Drive to ‘Failed’ on page 97.)
3. Remove and replace the disk drive with one of equal or greater size.
4. Wait for the logical drive to rebuild. (See Rebuilding Logical Drives on page 137.)
5. Repeat these steps for each disk drive you want to replace.
Setting a Disk Drive to ‘Failed’
Before you can remove a disk drive, you should set it to the Failed state to protect your data. To fail a
disk drive (or SSD), use the Force Offline option for physical devices.
You can set a disk drive to the Failed state if:
• The disk drive is not part of a logical drive, or
• The disk drive is part of a redundant, healthy logical drive
Caution: You may lose data or damage your disk drive if you remove a disk drive
without first setting it to a failed state.
To set a disk drive to Failed:
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1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller then, in the Physical Devices tree, select the drive you
want to set to Failed.
2. On the ribbon, in the Physical Devices group, click Force Offline.
The Force Offline window opens.
3. Click Force.
The drive is taken offline and set to the Failed state.
Note: If the drive is part of a healthy logical drive, the drive is degraded and a
warning message is displayed in the Event Log.
Initializing, Uninitializing, and Erasing Disk Drives
This section describes how to use maxView Storage Manager to erase data and meta-data (including
logical drive and partition information) from the disk drives in your storage space.
Initializing Disk Drives
You can use maxView Storage Manager to initialize any disk drive (or SSD) in the Ready state. You may
want to do this to erase all existing data and meta-data before using the disk drive in a new logical
device or as a hot spare.
Caution: Do not initialize a disk drive that is part of a logical drive. Initializing a disk
drive that's part of a logical drive may make the logical drive unusable. Be sure to back
up all data from your disk drive before you initialize it.
To initialize a disk drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller then, in Physical Devices tree, select the disk drive you
want to initialize.
2. On the ribbon, in the Physical Device group, click Initialize.
The Init/Uninit Physical Device window opens.
3. Click the Initialize Physical Device button, then click OK.
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maxView Storage Manager begins the initialization.
4. When prompted, click OK to close the Init/Uninit Physical Device window.
Erasing Disk Drives
You can use maxView Storage Manager to securely erase existing data on any disk drives or SSDs that
are in the Ready state. Secure erase completely destroys the data on the drive; the data is completely
and irretrievably eradicated. Secure erase performs three distinct writing passes to the disk drive being
erased—it does not just write zeros.
To securely erase a disk drive or SSD:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller then, in the Physical Devices tree, select the drive you
want to erase.
2. On the ribbon, in the Physical Device group, click Secure Erase.
The Secure Erase Physical Device window opens.
3. Click Erase to erase the disk drive; click Cancel to cancel the action.
Unnitializing Disk Drives
You can use maxView Storage Manager to uninitialize any disk drive (or SSD) in the Ready or Raw state.
(In other words, the drive is not part of any logical device.) Uninitializing a disk drive clears Adaptec
meta-data and reserved space from the drive and removes any OS partitions; existing data on the drive
is destroyed.
Note: Uninitialized drives change from their current state to the Raw state. Raw drives
are compatible with any Host Bus Adapter (HBA), including Adaptec RAID controllers
operating in Auto-Volume or HBA mode, and can be exchanged with drives on the
motherboard's SATA interface. For more information about Raw devices and controller
modes, see the Adaptec RAID Controllers Installation and User's Guide.
To uninitialize a disk drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller then, in Physical Devices tree, select the disk drive you
want to uninitialize.
2. On the ribbon, in the Physical Device group, click Initialize.
The Init/Uninit Physical Device window opens.
3. Click the Uninitialize Physical Device button, then click OK.
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maxView Storage Manager uninitializes the device
4. When prompted, click OK to close the Init/Uninit Physical Device window.
Verifying and Fixing a Disk Drive
When you verify a physical drive (HDD or SSD), maxView Storage Manager checks it for inconsistent or
bad data and then fixes any problems it finds. (You can also choose to verify a physical drive without
fixing it.) While maxView Storage Manager verifies and fixes a physical drive, you can't complete any
other tasks on that drive. You can verify any drive in the Ready state.
To verify and fix a physical drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller, then select a physical drive on that controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Physical Device group, click Verify.
The Verify Physical Device window opens.
3. To repair inconsistent or bad data during verification, click Verify with fix. To verify the physical
drive without fixing bad data, leave the checkbox blank.
4. Click Verify.
Caution: Do not power off the system while the verification is in progress. If you
do, the verification will stop.
When the verification is complete, an event notice is generated in the event log, at which time you
can continue working with the drive.
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Configuring the Physical Drive Write Cache Policy
This section describes how to enable or disable write caching on the physical drives in your storage
space. You can configure the write cache setting for an individual drive or for all drives on a controller.
Caution: Enabling write caching can improve drive performance. However, if the
system experiences a power, device, or system failure, or cannot be shut down
properly, there is a possibility of data loss or file-system corruption.
• To configure the write cache policy for all drives on a controller, see Configuring the Global Physical
Drive Write Cache Policy on page 101.
• To configure the write cache policy for an individual drive, see Configuring the Write Cache Policy
for an Individual Drive on page 102.
Configuring the Global Physical Drive Write Cache Policy
This option allows you to configure the write cache policy for all physical drives on a controller. You can
enable or disable write caching on all drives on the controller, or choose "Drive Specific" to configure
the write cache policy for individual drives.
To configure the Global Physical Drive Write Cache policy:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. In the Global Physical Devices Write Cache Policy drop-down list, select Enable All, Disable
All, or Drive Specific.
4. Click OK.
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5. If you selected Drive Specific, continue with Configuring the Write Cache Policy for an Individual
Drive on page 102.
Configuring the Write Cache Policy for an Individual Drive
Note: You can change the write cache setting for an individual drive only if the Global
Write Cache Policy is set to "Drive Specific."
By default, disk drive write caching is disabled in maxView Storage Manager.
To enable or disable write caching on an individual drive:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller then, in the Physical Devices tree, select a disk drive.
2. On the ribbon, in the Physical Device group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. In the Write-back Cache drop-down list, select Enabled or Disabled.
4. Click OK.
Working with Controllers
This section describes how to use maxView Storage Manager to manage the controllers in your storage
space:
• To silence a controller alarm, see Silencing a Controller Alarm on page 102.
• To disable a controller alarm, see Disabling a Controller Alarm on page 102.
• To re-scan a controller, see Rescanning a Controller on page 103.
• To set the controller's default task priority, see Setting a Controller's Default Task Priority on page
103.
• To enable Native Command Queuing (NCQ) on a controller, see Enabling Native Command Queuing
on a Controller on page 104.
Silencing a Controller Alarm
When a Warning- or Error-level event occurs, an audible alarm is triggered on the controller. You can
silence the alarm on your local system while you fix the problem.
To silence the alarm:
1. In the Enterprise View, select the controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Silence Alarm.
Disabling a Controller Alarm
Warning- or Error-level events trigger an audible alarm on a controller, which sounds until the event is
resolved. The alarm is enabled by default, but can be disabled, if required.
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Caution: If you disable the alarm, no audible signal will sound when an error occurs
on the controller.
To disable a controller's alarm:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. In the Alarm drop-down list, select Disabled.
Note: To enable a disabled alarm, select Enabled from the drop-down list.
4. Click Apply.
The alarm is disabled for that system.
Rescanning a Controller
After you connect a disk drive or remove a Ready (non-failed) disk drive from a controller, maxView
Storage Manager may not recognize the change until it rescans the controller.
To rescan a controller:
1. In the Enterprise View, select the controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Rescan.
The Rescan window opens.
3. Click the Rescan button (on the Rescan window).
maxView Storage Manager scans all the channels or ports on the controller you selected.
4. When the rescan is finished, click Cancel to close the Rescan window.
Setting a Controller's Default Task Priority
Note: This setting applies to new tasks. It does not affect currently running tasks.
To set the default priority for all tasks running on the controller:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
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3. On the General Settings tab, in the Task Priority drop-down list, select High, Medium, or Low.
4. Click Apply.
Enabling Native Command Queuing on a Controller
Native Command Queuing, or NCQ, lets SATA disk drives arrange commands into the most efficient
order for optimum performance.
To enable or disable NCQ for the drives on a controller:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. On the General Settings tab, in the NCQ drop-down list, select Enabled or Disabled.
4. Click Apply.
Setting the Connection Speed for a Controller
You can set the maximum connection speed (or PHY link rate) for SAS devices on a controller to 6Gb/s
or 12Gb/s, as needed. This option is useful if you have cables or backplanes that are not 12G-SAS capable,
and want to avoid connection problems by attaching 12G devices at 6G speed.
To set the maximum PHY link rate on a controller:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. From the Global Max SAS Phy Link Rate drop-down list, select 12Gb/s or 6Gb/s.
4. Click OK.
Working with System Alarms
Warning- or Error-level events on a system trigger an audible alarm, a series of beeps which sound every
five minutes (or 300 seconds) until the event is resolved.
The alarm is enabled by default, but can be disabled on any system, if required. You can also change
the frequency and duration of the alarm.
Note: A system alarm is not the same as a controller alarm. For controller alarm
information, see Working with Controllers on page 102.
To change alarm settings on a system:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system.
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click System Settings.
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The maxView Storage Manager Agent Settings window opens. The alarm settings are circled in the
next figure.
3. Edit the alarm settings, as needed.
You can disable the system alarm by deselecting Sound Alarm.
4. Click OK.
The changes take effect immediately.
Updating Controller and Disk Drive Firmware
Note: This task is recommended for advanced users only.
maxView Storage Manager includes a wizard to help you update the firmware on the controllers and
disk drives in your storage space. The wizard updates the firmware for devices of the same type on the
local or a remote system.
For example, if your storage space includes disk drives from two different manufactures, you must
update the firmware for each manufacturer's drives separately by running the wizard twice. Additionally,
if you have more than one system in your storage space, you must run the wizard for each system
separately.
To update the firmware on the controllers and disk drives in your storage space, review the prerequisites
in Before You Begin on page 106, then follow one of these sets of instructions:
• Updating the Controller Firmware on page 106
• Updating the Disk Drive Firmware on page 109
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Before You Begin
Before you begin, download the latest firmware images from the Adaptec Web site at www.adaptec.com,
or from your vendor's support site on the World Wide Web. Controller images come in sets of one or
more files and have a .ufi file extension. Disk drive image file names vary by manufacturer.
Updating the Controller Firmware
Use the Firmware Update wizard to update the firmware for one or more controllers of the same type
on the local or a remote system.
To update the controller firmware:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system.
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click FW Update.
3. When the wizard opens, select Controller, then click Next.
4. Click Choose, browse the file system for the firmware update file (typically, a .ufi file), click Open
to select the file (the button label may be different on your browser), then click Upload.
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5. When the file name appears in the Uploaded F/W File(s) list, click Next.
6. Select the controllers you want to update, then click Next.
7. Review the update summary, then click Finish.
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Caution: Do not power down the controller(s) while the update is in progress!
8. When the update is complete, click OK. Restart the server to activate the new firmware image.
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Updating the Disk Drive Firmware
Use the Firmware Update wizard to update the firmware for one or more disk drives of the same type
on the local or a remote system. The procedure is similar to updating the controller firmware (see
Updating the Controller Firmware on page 106).
To update the disk drive firmware:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system.
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click FW Update.
3. When the wizard opens, select Disk Drive, then click Next.
4. In the Select Files panel, click Choose, browse the file system for the firmware update file, click Open
to select the file (the button label may be different on your browser), then click Upload.
5. When the file name appears in the Uploaded F/W File(s) list, click Next.
6. In the Select Devices panel, select the disk drives you want to update, then click Next.
7. Review the update summary, then click Finish.
Caution: Do not power down the controller(s) while the update is in progress!
8. When the update is complete, click OK. Restart the server to activate the new firmware image.
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Monitoring Status and Activity
This section describes how maxView Storage Manager helps you monitor status and activity in your
storage space.
Monitoring Options
maxView Storage Manager provides many ways to monitor the status of your storage space:
• Event Log—The main window of maxView Storage Manager features an event log that provides
at-a-glance status information about activity (or events) occurring in your storage space. All Warningand Error-level events are also recorded in your operating system's event log.
See Viewing Activity Status in the Event Log on page 111 and Changing an Operating System's Event
Log Setting on page 125.
• Task Log—The main window also features a task log that provides status information about the
progress of current or recurring tasks in your storage space, such as the creation or verification of
a logical drive.
See Viewing Task Status in the Task Log on page 112.
• Storage Dashboard—Occupying the largest portion of the main window in maxView Storage Manager,
the Storage Dashboard provides complete, at-a-glance, information about the components of your
storage space, including status information, physical and logical device properties, resources, and
reliability indicators for hard drives and SSDs.
See Viewing Component Status in the Storage Dashboard on page 112.
• Chart View—Provides a visual representation of free and used space for a system, controller, or
your entire storage space.
See Viewing Storage Space Usage in Chart View on page 115.
• Notifications—You can set maxView Storage Manager to email or broadcast status notifications in
your choice of format to help you monitor activities in your storage space, such as:
• Changes in the status of physical devices, such as disk drive failures.
• Changes on local or remote systems, such as the expansion of a logical drive or the creation of
a hot spare.
• Changes in temperature in storage enclosures, or that fans or power supplies within an enclosure
have failed.
See pages Notifying Users by Email About Status and Activity on page 116 and Broadcasting Alerts
About Status and Activity on page 121.
• Advanced Statistics—You can set maxView Storage Manager to log advanced I/O and usage statistics
for the RAID controllers in your system.
See Monitoring Advanced Statistics about Activity in Your Storage Space on page 122.
• Audible Alarm—A series of beeps sounds whenever a serious event occurs on your storage space.
See Working with System Alarms on page 104.
Checking Status from the Main Window
You can view status information and messages about the activity occurring in your storage space by
looking at the event log, status icons, and task log in the main window of maxView Storage Manager.
(You can also view all events for a system in its operating system event log; see Changing an Operating
System's Event Log Setting on page 125.) Using the Storage Dashboard and Chart View, you can also
monitor the physical and logical components of your storage space from the main window, including
summary information and status, physical and logical device properties and resources, and usage and
I/O statistics.
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Viewing Activity Status in the Event Log
The Event Log lists activity occurring in your storage space, with the most recent event listed at the top.
Status is indicated by icons (see What Do the Event Status Icons Mean? on page 111) in the left-hand
column, as shown in the figure below.
You can view events as they occur in the bottom panel of the maxView Storage Manager main window.
The main window displays the last 100 events in your storage space. To view more events, filtered by
device (a controller, for example), open the Event tab on the Storage Dashboard (see Viewing Component
Status in the Storage Dashboard on page 112).
Single-click any event to open the Event Log Detail window to see more information in an easier-to-read
format. Use the up and down arrows to view previous or following events.
Single-click to view
event details.
To make it easier to find a specific event, click on the column heads to sort the events. For example,
sorting the events by Severity can help you find specific Error- or Warning-level events quickly.
What Do the Event Status Icons Mean?
maxView Storage Manager indicates event status with icons. This table lists the three categories, or
types, of events based on severity.
Icon
Status
Examples
Information
The local system successfully connected to a remote system.
A logical drive was created.
A hot spare was deleted.
Warning
A logical drive is in a degraded state.
A disk drive is being rebuilt.
A controller is not responding to an enclosure.
Error
A controller has failed.
A logical drive has failed.
A disk drive or hot spare has failed.
An enclosure is overheating.
Multiple fans or power supplies within an enclosure have failed.
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Icon
Status
Examples
An enclosure is not responding.
Note: All Warning- and Error-level events also cause the audible alarm to sound. See
Working with Controllers on page 102 for more information.
Viewing Task Status in the Task Log
The Task Log shows the status and progress of tasks in your storage space, with the most recent task
listed at the top.
Single-click any task to open the Task Log Detail window to see more information in an easier-to-read
format. For more information about monitoring, scheduling, and modifying tasks in maxView Storage
Manager, see Working with Scheduled Tasks on page 90.
Single-click to view
task details
Viewing Component Status in the Storage Dashboard
The Storage Dashboard provides detailed information about the components of your storage space,
including local and remote systems, controllers, logical drives, enclosures, disk drives and SSDs, and
maxCache devices (maxCache Container, virtual pools, virtual volumes). Occupying the largest portion
of the main window in maxView Storage Manager, the Storage Dashboard organizes component
information by category, with a tabs providing one-click access to summary information and status,
properties, resources, and usage statistics.
The information on the Storage Dashboard varies, depending on which component is selected in the
Enterprise View. The figure below shows the Storage Dashboard for a controller. Tabs provide access
to summary information, controller properties, and resources. The Events tab shows filtered events
about the selected device (see Viewing Activity Status in the Event Log on page 111).
Note: For information about Chart View, on the right side of the Storage Dashboard,
see Viewing Storage Space Usage in Chart View on page 115.
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This table lists the categories and types of information provided on the Storage Dashboard for each
component in your storage space.
Component
Categories
Examples
System
Summary
System name and IP address
Operating system
Number and type of controllers
Alarm status (see Working with System Alarms on page 104)
Controller
Summary
Properties
Resources
Model, key features, controller mode, and status
Number of physical drives, logical drives and status
Performance mode, settings, and power management features
maxCache status
Health and activity of flash backup module, if present ("Green backup" status)
Physical drive assignments by logical device (see Revealing More Device
Information on page 37)
Logical drives Summary
and maxCache Resources
Container
Raid level, size, and status
Member drives and locations
Cache settings
Hot spare protection
Power management status
Drive segment allocation
Enclosure
Summary
Enclosure type, vendor, model and status
Fan, power supply, and temperature status (see Monitoring Enclosure Status
on page 114)
Slot allocation and usage
Hard drives
and SSDs
Summary
Resources
SMART Statistics
Drive type (hard drive, SSD), vendor, and model
Drive state (Ready, Optimal, Hot Spare)
Channel number and device ID
Cache settings, power management status, and transfer speed
Drive segment allocation
SMART statistics (see Viewing SMART Statistics on page 115)
maxCache Plus Summary
(top-level tree Resources
node)
maxCache Plus version info and features
Number of virtual pools, virtual volumes, and logical devices
Virtual device state (online, offline, suboptimal)
Logical device assignments by virtual pool and virtual volume (see Revealing
More Device Information on page 37)
Virtual pool
Volume membership, member logical drives
Summary
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Component
Categories
Examples
Resources
Pool state (online, offline)
Pool ID, name, and description
Tier level, chunk size, and pool size
Virtual volume Summary
Resources
Pool members, pool state, pool usage and tier levels
Volume state (online, offline, suboptimal)
Volume ID, name, and description
Volume type (Tiered, Cached, Cached LD, Pass Through), volume size
Fetch/Flush mode
Monitoring Enclosure Status
If your storage space includes an enclosure with an enclosure management device, such as a SCSI
Accessed Fault-Tolerant Enclosure (SAF-TE) processor, maxView Storage Manager displays temperature,
fan, and power module status on the Storage Dashboard, as shown in the figure below.
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Viewing SMART Statistics
You can use the Storage Dashboard to view various indicators of reliability for the SATA hard drives and
SSDs in your storage space. maxView Storage Manager displays SMART statistics for the drives using
Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology available on most contemporary hard drives and
non-spinning storage devices. You can use this information to verify the health of your hard drives and
SSDs and to predict drive failures.
To view the SMART statistics for a hard drive or SSD, select the drive in the Enterprise View, then click
the SMART tab on the Storage Dashboard. For SSDs, the statistics include wear-level and longevity
indicators, as shown in next figure. Refer to your drive vendor's data sheet for a description of individual
report items.
SSD wear-level and
longevity indicators
Viewing Storage Space Usage in Chart View
Chart View provides a visual representation of the free and used space for a system, controller, or your
entire storage space (all systems and controllers). Located on the right side of the Storage Dashboard
in the maxView main window, Chart View displays a pie chart of storage space usage.
To view storage space usage in Chart View, simply select a component in the Enterprise View (a system,
for instance); the chart view is updated immediately. To view more details about the use of storage
space on that component, move your mouse over any colored section of the pie chart. Hover text reveals
the amount of space represented by that section, as shown in the figure below.
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Hover text reveals
storage space usage
details
For maxCache Plus devices, chart view shows the free and used space for the virtual pools and virtual
volumes in your system. To reveal the chart view for maxCache Plus devices, simply select the maxCache
Plus node in the Enterprise view. Like chart view for other components, hover text reveals the amount
of space represented by each colored section of the pie chart, as shown in the figure below.
Notifying Users by Email About Status and Activity
You can set up maxView Storage Manager to send email messages (or notifications) to one or more
email addresses when an event occurs on a system, such as the creation of a logical drive or the failure
of a disk drive. Email notifications can help you monitor activity on your entire storage space from any
location, and are especially useful in storage spaces that include multiple systems running the maxView
Storage Manager Agent only.
Only the users you specify receive email notifications. You can specify which types of events generate
email messages (Error, Informational, Warning). You can also specify if you want to be notified instantly
when an event occurs to ensure that urgent issues receive immediate attention from the right people.
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Alternatively, you can specify that you want events “coalesced” and receive only one email message
for each event type.
Follow the instructions in this section to:
• Set up email notifications (see Setting Up Email Notifications on page 117).
• Send a test email (see Sending a Test Message on page 119).
• Modify or remove an email recipient (see Modifying or Removing an Email Recipient on page 120).
• Modify email server settings (see Modifying Email Server Settings on page 121).
• Disable email notifications (see Disabling Email Notifications on page 121)
Setting Up Email Notifications
This section describes how to set up email notifications for one system. If you want to monitor multiple
systems by email, you must complete the tasks in this section for each one separately.
Before you begin, note this information:
• The address of your Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) server (host name and domain, or TCP/IP
address)
• The email address of each person who will receive email notifications
To set up email notifications:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system.
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click System Settings.
3. When the System settings window opens, click the SMTP tab.
4. Select Enable Email Notifications.
5. Enter the IP address of your SMTP server and the server's port number (or use the default port).
Then, enter the “From” address that you want to appear in your email notifications. If an email
recipient will be replying to email notifications, be sure that the “From” address belongs to a system
that is actively monitored.
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6. If authentication is enabled on your SMTP server (that is, the server requires authentication details
before it will send messages to users), select Use Secure Mail Server, then enter the SMTP server's
login credentials (username/password) in the space provided.
7. On the System settings window, click the Email tab.
The Email Notifications Manager opens.
8. Click Add Email. When the Add Email window opens, enter the recipient's email address, select the
level of events that will trigger an email notification for that recipient (Error, Error/Warning,
Error/Warning/Informational), select the notification type—Instant or Coalesced—then click Add.
(For more information about event levels, see What Do the Event Status Icons Mean? on page 111.)
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Repeat this step to add more email recipients.
Each recipient appears in the Email Notifications Manager, as shown below:
9. When you're done adding email recipients, click OK.
The email recipients and your SMTP server settings are saved.
10. Repeat the steps in this section for each system you want to monitor with email notifications, then
continue by sending test messages to all recipients (see Sending a Test Message on page 119).
Sending a Test Message
To ensure that an email recipient is receiving event notifications, you can send them a test message.
To send a test message:
1. In the Enterprise View, select the system you want.
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click System Settings.
3. When the System settings window opens, click the Email tab.
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The Email Notifications Manager opens.
4. Select one or more email addresses to send a test message to. To select all addresses, click the check
box at the top of the list, as shown in the figure below.
5. Click Send Test Email.
If the test is successful, the email recipient(s) receive the test message. If the test fails:
• Ensure that the recipient's email address is correct. (See Modifying or Removing an Email Recipient
on page 120.)
• Ensure that your SMTP server address is correct. (See Modifying Email Server Settings on page
121.)
• Try sending the test message again.
Modifying or Removing an Email Recipient
This section describes how to modify a recipient's email address, change the types of event notifications
the recipient receives, or stop sending email notifications to a recipient from a selected system.
To modify recipient information or to stop sending email notifications to a recipient:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system.
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click System Settings.
3. When the System settings window opens, click the Email tab.
The Email Notifications Manager opens.
4. Select the email recipient you want to modify or remove, then:
• Click Modify Email, change the recipient information, as needed, then click Modify to save your
changes.
Or,
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• Click Delete Email to remove the recipient from the notification list.
The changes become effective immediately.
5. Click OK to close the Email Notifications Manager.
Modifying Email Server Settings
You can modify these email server settings, if required:
• Address and port of your SMTP server
• ‘From’ address that will appear in email notifications
• Secure server login credentials
To modify email server settings:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system.
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click System Settings.
3. When the System settings window opens, click the SMTP tab.
4. Edit the SMTP server settings as required, then click OK to save your changes.
Disabling Email Notifications
This section describes how to disable email notifications on a selected system.
Note: If you disable email notifications, events continue to be generated but email
messages won't be sent.
To disable email notifications:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system.
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click System Settings.
3. When the System settings window opens, click the SMTP tab.
4. Clear the Enable Email Notifications check box.
5. Click OK to save your changes.
Broadcasting Alerts About Status and Activity
You can set maxView Storage Manager to send status alerts about a specified system to all users who
are logged into your storage space. You might want to do this if your storage space isn't managed by a
dedicated person, or if that particular system is off-site or not connected to a monitor. Event alerts
signal everyone working on the storage space that a system requires technical assistance.
When you set maxView Storage Manager to broadcast event alerts, all logged-in users receive messages
about all types of events. In Windows, these alerts appear as pop-up messages; in all other operating
systems, these alerts appear as console messages.
Note: Event alerts are independent of email notifications (see Notifying Users by
Email About Status and Activity on page 116).
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To enable event alerts:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system.
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click System Settings.
The Agent Settings window for that system opens.
3. Click Broadcast Events to Logged-In Users, then click OK.
4. Restart maxView Storage Manager to apply the change.
Monitoring Advanced Statistics about Activity in Your Storage Space
You can set maxView Storage Manager to log advanced I/O and usage statistics about the RAID controllers,
hard drives, SSDs, and logical drives in your storage space, including maxCache caching statistics.
Follow the instructions in this section to:
• Enable statistics logging on a controller (see Setting up Statistics Logging on page 123).
Note: Statistics logging for maxCache Plus virtual volumes is enabled by default
and does not require user activation or setup.
• View the advanced statistics for a controller, hard drive, SSD, logical drive, or virtual volume (see
Viewing Advanced Statistics on page 124).
• Reset the statistics counters (see Resetting the Statistics Counters on page 125).
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Setting up Statistics Logging
To set up statistics logging for the controllers in your storage space:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system, then select a controller.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. In the Advanced Statistics drop-down list, select Enabled.
4. Click OK.
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Viewing Advanced Statistics
Use the Statistics Viewer to view the advanced statistics for the controllers, hard drives, SSDs, logical
drives, and maxCache devices in your storage space, including virtual volumes and the maxCache
Container. To view the statistics for a component, select it in the Enterprise View then, on the Storage
Dashboard, click the Advanced Statistics link, on the Summary tab.
Select a component in
the Enterprise View,
then click this link on
the Storage Dashboard.
The statistics listed vary, depending on which type of component you select. The following example
shows the advanced statistics for a controller (on the left) and the maxCache statistics for a logical drive,
including cache hits and misses and a histogram of cache hit distribution.
Controller Statistics
maxCache Statistics
for a Logical Drive
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Resetting the Statistics Counters
In maxView Storage Manager, advanced statistics are cumulative. That is, the statistics continue to
accumulate until you reset the counters for a controller to zero.
To reset the statistics counters for a controller:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system, then select the controller you want to reset.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Set Properties.
The Set Properties window opens.
3. Click the Reset Now button, then click Apply.
The statistics counters are reset.
Changing an Operating System's Event Log Setting
In addition to the maxView Storage Manager event log, all Warning- and Error-level events on a system
are recorded in its operating system event log. You can select the type of events that are recorded, or
you can disable operating system event logging.
To change or disable operating system event logging on a system:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system.
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click System Settings.
The Agent Settings window opens for that system.
3. In the Save Events to OS Log drop-down list, select the type of events that you want to log, then
click OK.
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4. Restart maxView Storage Manager to apply the new setting.
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Managing Your Storage Space
This section describes the advanced features in maxView Storage Manager that help you manage your
storage space. You can:
• Deploy servers with a server template file
• Manage remote systems and auto-discovery tasks with the Remote System wizard
• Clear a controller configuration
• Use a custom base port for the maxView Storage Manager Agent
Deploying Servers
maxView Storage Manager helps you deploy servers in your storage space without configuring each
server manually. You can select an optimally configured server in your storage space, save the controller
configuration to a sever template file, then duplicate the configuration on servers throughout your
network.
The basic procedure works like this:
1. Choose the system you want to use as the model for other servers in your storage space.
2. Save the configuration to a server template file for each controller on that system.
3. Log in to each remote system in your storage space and restore the controller(s) from the server
template file(s).
The following sections provide details on each of these steps.
Creating a Server Template File
This procedure saves the configuration of a controller that you want to use as a model for other servers
in your storage space. It creates a server template file in XML format, which defines the controller type,
operational settings, physical drive size, logical drive size, RAID level, and more. The default name of
the server template file is ControllerConf.xml.
To create a server template file:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system, then select a controller on that system.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Save Configuration.
The Save Configuration window opens.
3. Click Save to continue.
4. When the File Download window opens, click Save, enter a name for the server template file or
accept the default name, then click Save again.
5. When the download is complete, click Close.
6. Continue with Duplicating the Server Template on page 127 to deploy the same controller configuration
on multiple systems in your storage space.
Duplicating the Server Template
When you are ready to duplicate the server template on other systems in your storage space, you can
restore the controller(s) on those systems from the server template file.
Keep in mind that:
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• The server template file (default, ControllerConf.xml) is editable. For example, you may need
to change the disk drive capacity or logical drive size to accommodate the differences on each
machine.
• Drives from the same vendor with slightly different capacities (147GB vs 150GB, for instance) are
considered interchangeable. If the logical drive capacity changes as a result of the size difference,
it is scaled accordingly. For example, if the new drives have 4% more capacity due to vendor or model
changes, then all logical drives are increased in size by 4%.
To duplicate the server template on another system:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system, then select a controller on that system.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Restore Configuration.
The Restore Configuration window opens.
3. Click Browse, navigate the file system to your server template file, then click Open.
4. Choose a Force option if the new controller does not support all of the features of the template
controller, or if the drive capacity on the new system does not match the configuration in the server
template file. The default is Force None. You can choose to:
Options
Description
Force All
To force deployment of all features
Force Logical D
rives
To force deployment of just the logical drives
5. To retain the slot information for enclosures, click Use Slot ID.
6. Click Restore.
maxView Storage Manager duplicates the controller configuration on the new controller.
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7. Repeat these steps for each controller on the server. Choose a different server template file in Step
[3], as needed.
Managing Remote Systems
maxView Storage Manager has a wizard to help you manage the remote systems in your storage space.
The wizard simplifies the process of connecting to remote systems from the local system and adding
them to the Enterprise View.
When you start maxView Storage Manager, an “auto-discovery” task runs in the background, continuously
searching your network for systems running the maxView Storage Manager Agent. The wizard presents
a list of discovered systems (see figure below). You can select systems to add to the Enterprise View
when you start maxView Storage Manager; add systems manually if they are not discovered automatically;
and remove systems that you no longer want to manage.
Adding Remote Systems with the Wizard
For basic instructions for adding remote systems with the wizard, see Logging into Remote Systems
from the Local System on page 43. Once you add a system in the wizard, it automatically appears in
the Enterprise View each time you start maxView Storage Manager. You can work with a remote system's
controllers, disk drives, and logical drives as if they were part of your local system.
Note: The wizard adds all selected systems to the Enterprise view even if login fails
on some systems. For those systems, try running the wizard again with different login
credentials.
Manually Adding a Remote System
You can add a remote system manually if auto-discovery fails to find the system on your network.
To manually add a remote system:
1. On the ribbon, in the Home group, click Add System.
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2. When the Add System window opens, click System Not Present.
The Add System Manually window opens.
3. Enter the system name and login credentials in the space provided, then click Add.
The window closes and the system appears in the discovered systems list in the Add System window.
4. Select the system, then click Add.
maxView Storage Manager connects to the remote system and adds it to the Enterprise View.
Removing a Remote System
If you no longer want to manage a remote system, you can remove it from the Enterprise View.
Note: Removing a remote system from the Enterprise View does not take it off-line.
To remove a remote system:
1. On the ribbon, in the Home group, click Delete System.
The Delete System window opens.
2. Select the system(s) you want to remove. To select all systems in the list, click the checkbox at the
top of the window.
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3. Click Delete.
maxView Storage Manager removes the remote system(s) from the Enterprise View.
Changing the Auto-Discovery Settings
Auto-discovery, in maxView Storage Manager, is enabled by default. The auto-discovery task runs in
the background each time maxView Storage Manager is started. You can disable auto-discovery if
desired, and configure the auto-discovery settings described below.
To change the auto-discovery settings on a system:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system.
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click System Settings.
The maxView Storage Manager Agent Settings window opens for that system. The auto-discovery
settings appear at the bottom:
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3. To enable/disable auto-discovery, select Enable Auto Discovery. (This option toggles between
enabled and disabled.)
4. Update the auto-discovery settings, as needed:
• In the Auto Discovery Base Port field, enter the port number for the auto-discovery task. You
can use any available port for auto-discovery. The default port is 34570. If you change the port,
you must restart the maxView Storage Manager Agent for the change to take effect.
• In the Auto Discovery Interval field, enter the number of seconds between each auto-discovery
check. This number determines how often maxView Storage Manager checks for changes in
remote system resources. The default is 360 seconds.
5. Click OK to save the changes.
Clearing the Controller Configuration
You can clear the configuration of a controller, if needed, to accommodate changes in your storage
space. For example, you may want to clear a controller if you upgraded your hardware or if you plan to
move the controller to another machine. Clearing the configuration destroys the controller meta-data,
including logical device information, partition information, maxCache information, and so on. Once you
clear the controller configuration, your online data is no longer accessible.
Caution: When you clear a controller configuration, you lose all data stored on that
controller. Be sure you no longer need the data on the controller before proceeding.
To clear the controller configuration:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system, then select a controller on that system.
2. On the ribbon, in the Controller group, click Clear Configuration.
A message window opens, warning that this operation destroys your data.
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3. Click OK to clear the configuration; click Cancel to close the window without clearing the configuration.
Changing the Agent Base Port Setting
You can change the base port setting for the maxView Storage Manager Agent, if needed, to
accommodate changes in your network or IT requirements. The Agent can use any open port for
communication. The default port is 34571. If you change the port, you must restart the maxView Storage
Manager Agent for the change to take effect.
To change the Agent base port setting:
1. In the Enterprise View, select a system.
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click System Settings.
The Agent Settings window opens. In the figure below, the base port setting is circled in blue.
3. Enter the new base port, then click OK.
4. Restart the Agent.
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Solving Problems
This section describes how to troubleshoot the components in your storage space.
General Troubleshooting Tips
If you experience problems installing or using maxView Storage Manager, try these troubleshooting tips
first:
• Ensure that all managed systems are powered on and that you are logged in to any remote systems
that you want to manage. (See Logging into Remote Systems from the Local System on page 43 for
more information.)
• Check all cable connections.
• Try uninstalling and reinstalling maxView Storage Manager.
• Check the Readme for compatibility issues and known problems.
Identifying a Failed or Failing Component
When you receive notice of a Warning- or Error-level event, use maxView Storage Manager's rapid fault
isolation feature to quickly identify the source of the problem.
For instance, in this example, a disk drive has failed. To find the failed disk drive, expand the tree in the
Enterprise View, look for the orange and red warning and error icons, and continue tracing the problem
to its source.
Error is on local system...
...on Controller 1
...affecting two Logical Drives
...and a physical device in Slot 2 in Enclosure 0.
Click Slot 2 to check the device status on the Storage
Dashboard and continue tracing the fault to its source...
...a disk drive failure.
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Recovering from a Disk Drive Failure
This section describes how to recover when a disk drive or SSD fails:
• If the logical drive is protected by a hot spare, see Failed Disk Drive Protected by a Hot Spare on
page 135.
• If the logical drive is not protected by a hot spare, see Failed Disk Drive Not Protected by a Hot Spare
on page 135.
• If there is a disk drive failure in more than one logical drive simultaneously, see Failure in Multiple
Logical Drives Simultaneously on page 135.
• If it is a RAID 0 logical drive, see Disk Drive Failure in a RAID 0 Logical Drive on page 136.
• If multiple disk drives fail within the same logical drive, see Multiple Disk Drive Failures in the Same
Logical Drive on page 136.
Failed Disk Drive Protected by a Hot Spare
If a disk drive in a logical drive fails and that logical drive is protected by a hot spare, the hot spare is
automatically incorporated into the logical drive and takes over for the failed drive.
For example, if a disk drive fails in a RAID 5 logical drive, the logical drive is automatically rebuilt, with
its data reconstructed using the hot spare in place of the failed drive. You can access the logical drive
while it's rebuilding.
To recover from the failure:
1. Remove and replace the failed disk drive, following the manufacturer's instructions.
2. If copyback is not enabled—Remove the ‘hot spare’ designation from the original hot spare (the disk
drive that was built into the logical drive). See Removing or Deleting a Dedicated Hot Spare on page
54 for instructions. Then, designate a new hot spare to protect the logical drives on that controller.
If copyback is enabled—Data is automatically moved back to its original location once the controller
detects that the failed drive has been replaced. No action is required. See Enabling Copyback on
page 55 for more information.
Failed Disk Drive Not Protected by a Hot Spare
If a disk drive in a logical drive fails when the logical drive is not protected by a hot spare, remove and
replace the failed disk drive. The controller detects the new disk drive and begins to rebuild it. You can
access the logical drive while it's rebuilding.
For example, when one of the disk drives fails in a RAID 1 logical drive, the logical drive is not automatically
rebuilt. The failed disk drive must be removed and replaced before the logical drive can be rebuilt.
If the controller fails to rebuild the logical drive, check that the cables, disk drives, and controllers are
properly installed and connected. Then, if necessary, follow the instructions in Rebuilding Logical Drives
on page 137.
Failure in Multiple Logical Drives Simultaneously
If a disk drive fails in more than one logical drive at the same time (one failure per logical drive), and
the logical drives have hot spares protecting them, the controller rebuilds the logical drives with these
limitations:
• A hot spare must be of equal or greater size than the failed disk drive it's replacing.
• Failed disk drives are replaced with hot spares in the order in which they failed. (The logical drive
that includes the disk drive that failed first is rebuilt first, assuming an appropriate hot spare is
available—see the previous bullet.)
Note: If the number of disk drive failures exceeds the number of hot spares, see Failed
Disk Drive Not Protected by a Hot Spare on page 135.
If copyback is enabled, data is moved back to its original location once the controller detects that the
failed drive has been replaced. See Enabling Copyback on page 55 for more information.
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Disk Drive Failure in a RAID 0 Logical Drive
Because RAID 0 volumes do not include redundancy, if a disk drive fails in a RAID 0 logical drive, the
data cannot be recovered.
Correct the cause of the failure or replace the failed disk drives. Then, restore your data from backup,
if available.
Multiple Disk Drive Failures in the Same Logical Drive
If multiple disk drives fail in the same logical drive, you may be able to recover the data by recreating
the logical drive in the wizard without the initialization step. Omitting the initialization step reconstructs
the logical drive meta-data without modifying or destroying any other data on the disks.
Note: RAID 6 and RAID 60 logical drives support two simultaneous disk drive failures.
In some instances, RAID 10 and RAID 50 logical drives may survive multiple disk drive
failures, depending on which disk drives fail. See Selecting the Best RAID Level on page
141 for more information.
Caution: This procedure is not guaranteed to successfully recover your logical drive.
The surest way to recover your data is to restore the failed logical drive from backup.
To recreate the logical drive after multiple drive failures:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Start the logical drive creation wizard, select Custom Configuration, then click Next.
Choose the same RAID level as the original logical drive, then click Next.
Select the same set of disk drives as the original logical drive, then click Next.
Ensure that all RAID Attributes are the same as the original logical drive, click Skip Initialization, then
click Next.
5. Click Finish.
maxView Storage Manager builds the logical drive.
6. Check the logical drive for data and file system integrity. If you still cannot access the data, initialize
the physical drives (to erase the meta-data), then rebuild the logical drive again without initialization,
selecting the disk drives in a different order in Step [3]. You may need to try several different disk
drive orders (called the “stripe order”) before you can recover the data..
Note: On the Summary panel, uninitialized logical drives have an “Impacted” status.
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Rebuilding Logical Drives
A hot-swap rebuild occurs when a controller detects that a failed disk drive in a logical drive has been
removed and then reinserted.
To start a hot-swap rebuild:
1. Following manufacturer's instructions, gently pull the failed disk drive from the server without fully
removing it, then wait for it to spin down fully before continuing.
2. If there is nothing wrong with the disk drive, reinstall it, following manufacturer's instructions.
If necessary, replace the failed disk drive with a new disk drive of equal or larger size.
3. The controller detects the reinserted (or new) disk drive and begins to rebuild the logical drive.
Creating a Support Archive File
Your Adaptec support representative might ask you to create a configuration and status information
archive file to help diagnose a problem with your system. Saved information includes (but is not limited
to) device logs, drive logs, event logs, error logs, controller logs, history logs, and SSD SMART statistics.
To create the support archive file:
1. In the Enterprise View, select the system on which the problem is occurring. (Look for the orange
or red error icons in the Enterprise View.)
2. On the ribbon, in the System group, click Save Archive.
The Save Archive window opens.
3. Click Save.
4. When the File Download window opens, enter a name for the archive file or accept the default
name, then click Save.
5. In the Save Archive window, click Close.
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A
Silent Installation on Windows and Linux
This appendix describes how to complete a silent installation of maxView Storage Manager on Windows
and Linux systems. A silent installation uses command line parameters to complete an installation
without messages or user interaction.
Note: Silent installation on Linux is supported on Red Hat, CentOS, and SLES only.
Completing a Silent Installation
This section describes the silent installation process for Windows and Linux.
Windows Silent Installation
To complete a silent installation on Windows:
1. Open a command prompt window, then change to the directory where you downloaded the Windows
setup program (see Download the Installation Packages on page 22 for details).
2. Run the silent installation from the command line using one of these commands:
Options
Description
Windows 64-bit
setup_asm_x64.exe /s /v"/qn <properties>"
Windows 32-bit
setup_asm_x86.exe /s /v"/qn <properties>"
where <properties> is one or more of the options listed in Switches, Properties, and Values on page
139.
Separate properties with spaces and enclose all properties after /v in quotes, with NO leading space.
Separate feature names for the ADDLOCAL property with commas.
Linux Silent Installation
To complete a silent installation on Red Hat Linux, CentOS, or SLES:
1. Open a shell window, then change to the directory where you downloaded the Linux installer package
(see Download the Installation Packages on page 22 for details).
2. Run the silent installation from the command line using one of these commands:
Options
Description
Linux 64-bit
StorMan-<version>.x86_64.bin --silent <username> <password>
Linux 32-bit
StorMan-<version>.i386.bin --silent <username> <password>
Linux systems also support silent upgrade and silent removal. See Example Command Line Installations
on page 139.
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Switches, Properties, and Values
This section describes the command line options for Windows silent installation. These options are not
supported on Linux.
Switch or Property
Description
/s (required)
Suppress dialog boxes.
/v (required)
Pass command line parameters to the setup program.
/qn
Suppress progress bar during installation.
/qb
Show progress bar during installation.
/lv* <path> (optional)
Generate verbose installation log at <path>.
Example: /lv* c:\pmc.log
INSTALLDIR (optional)
Specifies the installation path. If specified, the installation path must be enclosed
in escaped quotation marks.
Example: INSTALLDIR=\"C:\Program Files\Adaptec\maxView S
torage Manager\"
Note: The default installation path is "C:\Program Files\A
daptec\maxView Storage Manager".
ADDLOCAL (optional)
USERNAME
PASSWORD
CONFIRMPASSWORD
• ALL (default)—Installs the maxView Storage Manager GUI and CLI (ARC
CONF). If you specify ALL, do not also specify any of the following values.
• CLITools—Installs the Command Line Interface tool (ARCCONF).
• Console—Installs the maxView Storage Manager GUI.
Note: Use commas to separate multiple values.
Credentials for Windows Administrator account.
Note: All three credential properties are required.
Example Command Line Installations
This section shows typical command line installations for Windows and Linux.
• Normal Windows Installation:
setup_asm_x64.exe /s /v"/qb USERNAME=<username> PASSWORD=<password>
CONFIRMPASSWORD=<password> /lv* c:\pmc.log"
• Install to Specific Location on Windows:
setup_asm_x64.exe /s /v"/qb USERNAME=<username> PASSWORD=<password>
CONFIRMPASSWORD=<password> INSTALLDIR=\"C:\Program Files\Adaptec\maxView
Storage Manager\""
• Install Specific Feature on Windows:
setup_asm_x64.exe /s /v"/qb ADDLOCAL=CLITools USERNAME=<username>
PASSWORD=<password> CONFIRMPASSWORD=<password> /lv* c:\pmc.log"
• Normal Linux Installation:
./StorMan-<version>.i386.bin --silent <username> <password>
• Linux Software Upgrade:
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./StorMan-<version>.i386.bin --upgrade
• Linux uninstallation (removal):
./StorMan-<version>.i386.bin --removal
Alternative: rpm –e StorMan
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B
Selecting the Best RAID Level
When you create logical drives in maxView Storage Manager, you can assign a RAID level to protect
your data.
Each RAID level offers a unique combination of performance and redundancy. RAID levels also vary by
the number of disk drives they support.
This section provides a comparison of all the RAID levels supported by maxView Storage Manager, and
provides a basic overview of each to help you select the best level of protection for your storage system.
Comparing RAID Levels
Use this table to select the RAID levels that are most appropriate for the logical drives on your storage
space, based on the number of available disk drives and your requirements for performance and reliability.
RAID Level
Redundancy
Disk Drive
Usage
Read P
erformance
Write P
erformance
Built-in Hot
Spare
Minimum
Disk Drives
RAID 0
No
100%
***
***
No
2
RAID 1
Yes
50%
**
**
No
2
RAID 1E
Yes
50%
**
**
No
3
RAID 10
Yes
50%
**
**
No
4
RAID 5
Yes
67 – 94%
***
*
No
3
RAID 5EE
Yes
50 – 88%
***
*
Yes
4
RAID 50
Yes
67 – 94%
***
*
No
6
RAID 6
Yes
50 – 88%
**
*
No
4
RAID 60
Yes
50 – 88%
**
*
No
8
Disk drive usage, read performance, and write performance depend on the number of drives in the
logical drive. In general, the more drives, the better the performance.
Understanding Drive Segments
A drive segment is a disk drive or portion of a disk drive that is used to create a logical drive. A disk drive
can include both RAID segments (segments that are part of a logical drive) and available segments. Each
segment can be part of only one logical drive at a time. If a disk drive is not part of any logical drive, the
entire disk is an available segment.
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Non-redundant Logical Drives (RAID 0)
A logical drive with RAID 0 includes two or more disk drives and provides data striping, where data is
distributed evenly across the disk drives in equal-sized sections. However, RAID 0 logical drives do not
maintain redundant data, so they offer no data protection.
Compared to an equal-sized group of independent disks, a RAID 0 logical drives provides improved I/O
performance.
Drive segment size is limited to the size of the smallest disk drive in the logical drive. For instance, an
array with two 250 GB disk drives and two 400 GB disk drives can create a RAID 0 drive segment of 250
GB, for a total of 1000 GB for the volume, as shown in this figure.
Disk Drive 1
250 GB
Disk Drive 2
250 GB
Disk Drive 3
400 GB
Drive Segment Size
(Smallest Disk Drive)
Disk Drive 1
1 5 . . . 997
Disk Drive 2
2 6 . . . 998
Disk Drive 3
3 7 . . . 999
Unused Space = 150 GB
Disk Drive 4
Disk Drive 4
400 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
4 8 . . . 1000
Unused Space = 150 GB
RAID 0 Logical Drive = 1000 GB
RAID 1 Logical Drives
A RAID 1 logical drive is built from two disk drives, where one disk drive is a mirror of the other (the
same data is stored on each disk drive). Compared to independent disk drives, RAID 1 logical drives
provide improved performance, with twice the read rate and an equal write rate of single disks. However,
capacity is only 50 percent of independent disk drives.
If the RAID 1 logical drive is built from different- sized disk drives, the free space, drive segment size is
the size of the smaller disk drive, as shown in this figure.
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Drive Segment Size
(Smallest Disk Drive)
Disk Drive 1
Disk Drive 2
250 GB
400 GB
Disk Drive 1
1 – 250
Disk Drive 2
1 – 250
Unused Space = 150 GB
RAID 1 Logical Drive = 250 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
RAID 1 Enhanced Logical Drives
A RAID 1 Enhanced (RAID 1E) logical drive—also known as a striped mirror—is similar to a RAID 1 array
except that data is both mirrored and striped, and more disk drives can be included. A RAID 1E logical
drive can be built from three or more disk drives.
In this example, the large bold numbers represent the striped data, and the smaller, non-bold numbers
represent the mirrored data stripes.
Disk Drive 1
400 GB
Disk Drive 2
400 GB
Disk Drive 3
400 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
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Disk Drive 1
3
6
Disk Drive 2
1
4
Disk Drive 3
2
5
RAID 1E Logical Drive = 600 GB
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RAID 10 Logical Drives
A RAID 10 logical drive is built from two or more equal-sized RAID 1 logical drives. Data in a RAID 10
logical drive is both striped and mirrored. Mirroring provides data protection, and striping improves
performance.
Drive segment size is limited to the size of the smallest disk drive in the logical drive. For instance, an
array with two 250 GB disk drives and two 400 GB disk drives can create two mirrored drive segments
of 250 GB, for a total of 500 GB for the logical drive, as shown in this figure.
Disk Drive 1
250 GB
Disk Drive 2
250 GB
Disk Drive 3
400 GB
Drive Segment Size
(Smallest Disk Drive)
Disk Drive 1
1 3
. . . 499
Disk Drive 2
2 4
. . . 500
Disk Drive 3
1 3
. . . 499
Unused Space = 150 GB
Disk Drive 4
Disk Drive 4
400 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
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. . . 500
Unused Space = 150 GB
RAID 10 Logical Drive = 500 GB
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RAID 5 Logical Drives
A RAID 5 logical drive is built from a minimum of three disk drives, and uses data striping and parity
data to provide redundancy. Parity data provides data protection, and striping improves performance.
Parity data is an error-correcting redundancy that's used to re-create data if a disk drive fails. In RAID
5 logical drives, parity data (represented by Ps in the next figure) is striped evenly across the disk drives
with the stored data.
Drive segment size is limited to the size of the smallest disk drive in the logical drive. For instance, an
array with two 250 GB disk drives and two 400 GB disk drives can contain 750 GB of stored data and
250 GB of parity data, as shown in this figure.
Disk Drive 1
250 GB
Disk Drive 2
250 GB
Disk Drive 3
400 GB
Drive Segment Size
(Smallest Disk Drive)
Disk Drive 1
1 4
.. .
P
Disk Drive 2
2 5
. . . 748
Disk Drive 3
3 P
. . . 749
Unused Space = 150 GB
Disk Drive 4
Disk Drive 4
400 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
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P 6
. . . 750
Unused Space = 150 GB
RAID 5 Logical Drive = 750 GB plus Parity
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RAID 5EE Logical Drives
A RAID 5EE logical drive—also known as a hot space—is similar to a RAID 5 array except that it includes
a distributed spare drive and must be built from a minimum of four disk drives.
Unlike a hot spare, a distributed spare is striped evenly across the disk drives with the stored data and
parity data, and can't be shared with other logical disk drives. A distributed spare improves the speed
at which the array is rebuilt following a disk drive failure.
A RAID 5EE logical drive protects your data and increases read and write speeds. However, capacity is
reduced by two disk drives’ worth of space, which is for parity data and spare data.
In this figure, S represents the distributed spare, P represents the distributed parity data.
Disk Drive 1
250 GB
Disk Drive 2
250 GB
Disk Drive 3
Drive Segment Size
(Smallest Disk Drive)
400 GB
Disk Drive 1
1 S
.. .
P
Disk Drive 2
2 P
. . . 449
Disk Drive 3
S 3
.. .
S
Unused Space = 150 GB
Disk Drive 4
Disk Drive 4
400 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
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P 4
. . . 500
Unused Space = 150 GB
Based on the drive segment sizes used:
RAID 5EE Logical Drive = 500 GB plus parity
and hot spare
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RAID 50 Logical Drive
A RAID 50 logical drive is built from six to forty-eight disk drives configured as two or more RAID 5 arrays,
and stripes stored data and parity data across all disk drives in both RAID 5 logical drives. (For more
information, see RAID 5 Logical Drives on page 145.)
The parity data provides data protection, and striping improves performance. RAID 50 logical drives
also provide high data transfer speeds.
Drive segment size is limited to the size of the smallest disk drive in the logical drive. For example, three
250 GB disk drives and three 400 GB disk drives comprise two equal-sized RAID 5 logical drives with 500
GB of stored data and 250 GB of parity data. The RAID 50 logical drive can therefore contain 1000 GB
(2 x 500 GB) of stored data and 500 GB of parity data.
In this figure, P represents the distributed parity data.
RAID 50
Logical Drive
=
1000 GB
plus Parity
RAID 5
A
Each RAID 5 Logical Drive has
500 GB Data Storage
250 GB Parity Data
1, 5, P
3, P, 9
P, 7, 11
Drive 1
250 GB
Drive 2
250 GB
Drive 3
250 GB
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RAID 5
B
2, 6, P
4, P, 10
P, 8, 12
Drive 4
400 GB
Drive 5
400 GB
Drive 6
400 GB
Total Unused
Space = 150 GB
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RAID 6 Logical Drives
A RAID 6 logical drive—also known as dual drive failure protection—is similar to a RAID 5 logical drive
because it uses data striping and parity data to provide redundancy. However, RAID 6 logical drives
include two independent sets of parity data instead of one. Both sets of parity data are striped separately
across all disk drives in the logical drive.
RAID 6 logical drives provide extra protection for your data because they can recover from two
simultaneous disk drive failures. However, the extra parity calculation slows performance (compared
to RAID 5 logical drives).
RAID 6 logical drives must be built from at least four disk drives. Maximum stripe size depends on the
number of disk drives in the logical drive.
Disk Drive 1
250 GB
Disk Drive 2
250 GB
Disk Drive 3
400 GB
Drive Segment Size
(Smallest Disk Drive)
Disk Drive 1
1 P1 . . . P2
Disk Drive 2
2 P2 . . . 449
Disk Drive 3
P1 3 . . . P1
Unused Space = 150 GB
Disk Drive 4
Disk Drive 4
400 GB
Disk Drives in Logical Drive
P2 4 . . . 500
Unused Space = 150 GB
Based on the drive segment sizes used:
RAID 6 Logical Drive = 500 GB plus parity
(P1 & P2)
RAID 60 Logical Drives
Similar to a RAID 50 logical drive (see RAID 50 Logical Drive on page 147), a RAID 60 logical drive—also
known as dual drive failure protection—is built from eight disk drives configured as two or more RAID
6 logical drives, and stripes stored data and two sets of parity data across all disk drives in both RAID 6
logical drives.
Two sets of parity data provide enhanced data protection, and striping improves performance. RAID 60
logical drives also provide high data transfer speeds.
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C
Virtual Volume Advanced Statistics
This appendix describes the advanced statistics for maxCache Plus virtual volumes. Use the Statistics
Viewer, described in Viewing Advanced Statistics on page 124, to view the advanced statistics.
Statistic
Description
SSD Virtual Volume Total Chunks
Total number of data chunks from SSD pool (or faster tier) for the
specific volume.
SSD Virtual Volume Extra Chunks
Total number of additional chunks from SSD pool for the
specific volume. Currently, it is reserved as ~5% of total SS
D pool chunks. This amount is typically required when the
user creates a tiered volume (when both HDD chunks and
SSD chunks are fully used) and hot-spot based ramp-up is
triggered.
SSD Virtual Volume Total Chunks
Total number of data chunks from HDD pool (or slower
tier) for the specific volume.
Read IO Count
Total incoming Read IO count for volume, including Random/S
equential routed to either HDD/SSD.
Write IO Count
Total incoming Write IO count for volume, including Random/S
equential routed to either HDD/SSD.
Sequential IO Count
Total incoming Sequential IO for the volume, including Reads/W
rites routed to either HDD/SSD.
Random IO Count
Total incoming random IO for the volume, including Reads/Writes
routed to either HDD/SSD.
SSD Read IO Count
Total incoming Read IO count for volume, including Random/S
equential routed to SSD pool (faster tier).
SSD Write IO Count
Total incoming Write IO count for volume, including Random/S
equential routed to SSD pool (faster tier).
Virtual Volume Chunk Size
Chunk size, or page size, is represented in sectors (512 means 512
sectors = 256KB, the default chunk size).
Virtual Volume Total Chunks
Total number of chunks in volume. In a tiered volume, it's the
addition of HDD data chunks and SSD data chunks. For cached
volume/Cached LD volume, it's the maximum of HDD data chunk
count.
Virtual Volume Feature
Defines the feature type of the virtual volume. 0x100 (256)
denotes tiered volume, 0x200 (512) denotes cached volume, 0
x20 (32) denotes write-back cache mode, 0x40 (64) denotes writethrough cache mode. By default, Cached Volume is in write-back
mode and Cached LD is in write-through mode. Write-back and
write-through mode is not applicable for tiered volume.
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D
Using the maxConf Command Line Utility
This appendix explains how to use of the maxConf command line utility. This utility allows you to:
• Create and delete virtual pools, virtual volumes, and cached logical drives
• Display and modify configuration settings
Note: maxConf is supported on qualifying Adaptec Series Q controllers only. See the
Readme for a list of controllers that support maxConf.
Installing maxConf
maxConf is installed with the maxView Storage Manager application. It is supported on Windows, Red
Hat Linux, and SuSe Linux systems only. For details about installing maxView Storage Manager on
different operating systems, see Installing maxView Storage Manager on page 22.
Starting the Command Line Utility
1. To start maxConf, enter one of the following commands:
Options
Description
Windows
<install_dir>\maxconf.exe
Linux
/usr/<install_dir>/maxconf
where install_dir is the directory where the utility is installed.
2. To see a list of available commands, type MAXCONF at the prompt.
maxConf Commands
The following commands are available in maxConf. The commands are described on the following pages,
in alphabetical order.
Table 1: maxConf Commands
create
delete
getconfig
getstats
modify
Note: In the command syntax descriptions, <> indicates a required parameter and []
indicates an optional parameter.
maxconf create
Description
Creates a new virtual pool, tiered virtual volume, cached virtual volume, or cached logical drive.
Syntax
MAXCONF CREATE VIRTUALPOOL [Options] LEVEL <level> <LD#> <LD#> <LD#> ...
[noprompt]
MAXCONF CREATE VIRTUALVOLUME TIER [Options] <Tier0 Pool#> <Size from Tier0
Pool> <Tier1 Pool#> <Size from Tier1 Pool> [noprompt]
MAXCONF CREATE VIRTUALVOLUME CACHE [Options] <Cache Mode> <Tier0 Pool#> <Size
from Tier0 Pool> <Tier1 Pool#> <Size from Tier1 Pool> [noprompt]
MAXCONF CREATE VIRTUALVOLUME CACHEDLD [Options] <Cache Mode> <LD#> <Tier0
Pool#> <Cache Size> [noprompt]
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Parameters
Options
Keyword identifying one or more of the following options:
• NAME—alias for a virtual pool or virtual volume. Maximum length is 31 characters. Default is pool#
or volume#.
• DESCRIPTION—device description for a virtual pool or virtual volume. Maximum length is 31
characters.
• CHUNK (virtual pool only)—chunk size, in kilobytes, for the virtual pool. Valid values are:
• 64, 256, 1024, 4096
• Default chunk size is 256KB
• FFMODE (virtual volume only)—fetch and flush rate for the virtual volume. Valid values are:
• 1-Aggressive
• 2-Normal (default)
• 3-Passive
LEVEL <level>
Indicates the tier level of a virtual pool. Valid values are:
• 0-Upper tier (fastest media)
• 1-Lower tier (slower media)
LD#
Logical drive number(s) for a virtual pool or cached logical drive. Virtual pools support a maximum of
eight logical drives. Cached logical drives support exactly one logical drive.
Cache Mode
Indicates the cache mode for a cached virtual volume. Valid values are:
• WTCACHE — Enables write through cache. Uses the cache for fast retrieval and updates primary
storage at the same time.
• WBCACHE — Enables write back cache. Uses cache for the "freshest" data and updates primary
storage at a later time.
Note: For a cached LD volume, the cache mode defaults to Write-Through.
Cache Size
In a cached logical drive, indicates the size of the cache, in gigabytes, in the Tier 0 virtual pool.
<Tier0 Pool#> <Size from Tier0 Pool>
Tier 0 virtual pool number and pool size, in gigabytes. Use MAX to use all available pool space.
<Tier1 Pool#> <Size from Tier1 Pool>
Tier 1 virtual pool number and pool size, in gigabytes. Use MAX to use all available pool space.
noprompt
Suppresses the confirmation prompt.
Examples
MAXCONF CREATE VIRTUALPOOL NAME UpPool DESCRIPTION "This is Tier 0 Pool" LEVEL
0 4 5 6
MAXCONF CREATE VIRTUALPOOL NAME DownPool DESCRIPTION "This is Tier 1 Pool"
CHUNK 1024 LEVEL 1 7 8
MAXCONF CREATE VIRTUALVOLUME TIER NAME TieredVol FFMode 1 0 2 1 10
MAXCONF CREATE VIRTUALVOLUME CACHE NAME CachedVol WBCACHE 0 MAX 1 10
MAXCONF CREATE VIRTUALVOLUME CACHEDLD WTCACHE 2 0 2
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maxconf delete
Description
Deletes one or all virtual pools or virtual volumes, including cached logical devices. All data stored on
the devices will be lost.
Syntax
MAXCONF DELETE VIRTUALPOOL <pool#>|ALL [noprompt]
MAXCONF DELETE VIRTUALVOLUME <volume#>|ALL [noprompt]
Parameters
pool#
The number of the virtual pool to be deleted.
volume#
The number of the virtual volume to be deleted.
ALL
Deletes all virtual pools or virtual volumes.
noprompt
Suppresses the confirmation prompt.
Examples
MAXCONF
MAXCONF
MAXCONF
MAXCONF
DELETE
DELETE
DELETE
DELETE
VIRTUALPOOL 2
VIRTUALPOOL ALL
VIRTUALVOLUME 0
VIRTUALVOLUME ALL
maxconf getconfig
Description
Lists information about virtual pools, virtual volumes, logical devices, and the maxCache Plus driver.
The information includes (but is not limited to) the following:
• Resources (number of devices, status)
• Device number, size, health
• Used space, free space
• Tier level, virtual volume members, virtual pool members
• LBA start range/end range
Syntax
MAXCONF GETCONFIG [DRIVER|LOGICALDEVICE|VIRTUALPOOL|VIRTUALVOLUME|ALL]
Parameters
DRIVER
List driver information only.
LOGICALDEVICE
List logical device information only.
VIRTUALPOOL
List virtual pool information only.
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VIRTUALVOLUME
List virtual volume information only.
ALL
List information about all devices.
Examples
MAXCONF GETCONFIG DRIVER
MAXCONF GETCONFIG VIRTUALVOLUME
MAXCONF GETCONFIG ALL
maxconf getstats
Description
Displays statistics about a virtual volume. The information includes (but is not limited to) the following:
• SSD/HDD used and free chunks
• Read/Write IO count
• Sequential vs Random IO count
• SSD read/write IO count
• Policy Engine statistics
Syntax
MAXCONF GETSTATS VIRTUALVOLUME <volume#> [noprompt]
Parameters
volume#
The virtual volume number.
noprompt
Suppresses the confirmation prompt.
Examples
MAXCONF GETSTATS VIRTUALVOLUME 1
maxconf modify
Description
Modifies properties of a virtual volume or virtual pool.
Syntax
MAXCONF MODIFY VIRTUALPOOL <pool#> <PROPERTY> <value> [noprompt]
MAXCONF MODIFY VIRTUALVOLUME <volume#> <PROPERTY> <value> [noprompt]
Parameters
pool#
The virtual pool number.
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volume#
The virtual volume number.
<PROPERTY>
Keyword identifying the property to modify:
Options:
• NAME—modify the device name for a virtual pool or virtual volume. Value is free text. Maximum
length is 31 characters.
• DESCRIPTION—modify the device description for a virtual pool or virtual volume. Value is free text.
Maximum length is 31 characters.
• LEVEL (virtual pool only)—modify the tier level of a virtual pool.
• FFMODE (virtual volume only)—modify the fetch and flush rate of a virtual volume. Valid values are:
• 1-Aggressive
• 2-Normal
• 3-Passive
noprompt
Suppresses the confirmation prompt.
Examples
MAXCONF
MAXCONF
MAXCONF
MAXCONF
MODIFY
MODIFY
MODIFY
MODIFY
VIRTUALPOOL 0
VIRTUALPOOL 0
VIRTUALVOLUME
VIRTUALVOLUME
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DESCRIPTION ssdpool
LEVEL 0
1 DESCRIPTION cachingvolume
1 FFMODE 3
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E
Icons At-a-Glance
The following is a complete list of icons used in maxView Storage Manager. It contains the icons on the
ribbon, in the Enterprise View and on tabs and dialog boxes.
See Overview of the Main Window on page 32 for more information.
Ribbon Home Icons
Icon
Description
Remote system add
Remote system delete
Ribbon System Icons
Icon
Description
System settings
Firmware update
Save archive file
Ribbon Controller Icons
Icon
Description
Controller settings
Save configuration
Restore configuration
Controller rescan
Silence alarm
Clear configuration
Ribbon Logical Device Icons
Icon
Description
Logical disk settings
Logical disk create
Logical disk expand
Logical disk verify
Logical disk locate
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Icon
Description
Logical disk delete
Logical disk erase
Ribbon Physical Device Icons
Icon
Description
Physical disk properties
Assign/unassign physical disk as spare
Force physical disk offline
Physical disk initialization
Physical disk verify
Physical disk secure erase
Physical disk locate
Ribbon maxCache Icons
Icon
Description
maxCache container create
maxCache set properties
maxCache container locate
maxCache container verify
maxCache container delete
maxCache container disable
Ribbon Virtual Pool Icons (maxCache Plus)
Icon
Description
Virtual pool create
Virtual pool set properties
Virtual pool delete
Ribbon Virtual Volume Icons (maxCache Plus)
Icon
Description
Virtual volume create
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Icon
Description
Virtual volume set properties
Virtual volume delete
Enterprise View Icons
Icon
Description
Enterprise View
Local or remote system
Controller
Enclosure
Logical disk
Logical disks
Physical disk
Hard disk drive
Solid State drive
Physical disks
Enclosure
Connector or other physical device
Enterprise View Status Icons
Icon
Description
Enterprise OK
Enterprise error
Enterprise no access
Enterprise warning
Enterprise View System Icons
Icon
Description
System OK
System error
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Icon
Description
System missing
System no access
System warning
Enterprise View Connector Icons
Icon
Description
Connector OK
Connector failed
Connector missing
Connector warning
Enterprise View Controller Icons
Icon
Description
Controller OK
Controller failed
Controller missing
Controller warning
Enterprise View Enclosure Icons
Icon
Description
Enclosure Management OK
Enclosure Management failed
Enclosure missing
Enclosure Management warning
Enterprise View Physical Disk Icons
Icon
Description
Physical disk OK
Physical disks OK
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Icon
Description
Physical disks failure
Physical disks missing
Physical disks warning
Enterprise View MaxCache Container Icons
Icon
Description
maxCache container error
maxCache container missing
maxCache container OK
maxCache container warning
Tab Icons
Icon
Description
Summary
Properties
Resources
Events
Task
Dialog Box Icons
Icon
Description
E-mail notification
Chart
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Index
A
activity in storage space
36
event log 36
task log 36
activity on storage space, See monitoring
adapters, See controllers
Add System wizard 129
adding maxCache SSD caching
84, 88
Series 6 controllers 84, 88
advanced settings 49, 85
Agent
18, 41–43
introduction 18, 41, 43
starting
42–43
Linux 42
Solaris 43
Windows 42
startup order 41
alarm
102
controllers
102
disabling 102
disabling
102
controller-level 102
systems
102
silencing 102
ARCCONF command line utility
16, 97
SETSTATE command 97
archive file 137
auto-discovery 129
automatic verification 64
B
background consistency check 64–65
background verification 64
boards, See controllers
bootable USB image 19, 29
broadcasting event alerts 110, 121
build method
49, 63, 135–136
Build 49, 63
Proprietary and Confidential to PMC-Sierra, Inc.
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build method (continued)
Clear 49, 63
Quick 49, 63
Skip Initialization 63, 135–136
building storage space
17, 40, 44–45, 47, 58, 59–60, 69, 84, 88
adding maxCache SSD caching 84, 88
custom configuration 44–45, 47, 59–60, 69
express configuration 44
C
cached LD volume
80
creating 80
cached volume
80
creating 80
cards, See controllers
CIM server 18, 22
command line utility
16, 97
ARCCONF 16, 97
components
15, 94
defined 15
viewing properties 94
Configuration Event Detail window 111
configuring 44
See also building storage space
controller
36–37, 113, 132
clearing configuration 132
controllers
94, 102–103, 105–106, 109
disabling alarm 102
properties 94
rescanning 102–103
updating firmware 105–106, 109
copyback 55, 135
custom configuration 44–45, 47, 59–60, 69
D
dedicated hot spares
51–52, 54, 135
creating 51–52
deleting 54, 135
removing 54, 135
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deleting logical drives 68
deleting tasks 93
direct attached storage
15
defined 15
disk drive
105, 109
updating firmware 105, 109
disk drive segments 141
disk drives
48, 55, 58–60, 63, 68, 94, 97–99, 105,
135–136
conceptual graphic 58
different sizes in same logical drive 58–59
failed state 97
failure recovery
55, 63, 135–136
multiple disk drives 63, 135–136
multiple logical drives 135
RAID 0 logical drives 135–136
with hot spare 55, 135
without hot spare 135
identifying 94
initializing 98
locating 94
properties 94
replacing in logical drives 97
segments in logical drives 58, 60, 68
uninitializing 99
updating firmware 105
within logical drives 48
drives
94
identifying 94
locating 94
E
email notifications
110, 116–117, 119–121
"from" address 117
changing "from" address 117, 120–121
changing SMTP server 117, 120–121
disabling 117, 121
failed test emails 120
modifying recipient information 117, 120
recipient addresses 117
removing recipients 117, 120
setup 117
SMTP server settings 117
test emails 117, 119
Email Notifications Manager
110, 116–117, 119, 121
opening 117
Proprietary and Confidential to PMC-Sierra, Inc.
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Email Notifications Manager (continued)
test emails 117, 119
enclosures
37, 94, 113–114
fan status 37, 113–114
identifying 94
locating 94
monitoring 37, 113–114
power status 37, 113–114
status 37
temperature status 37, 113–114
Enterprise View
33–34
icons 34
Error (task status) 92
event alerts 110, 121
event log 36, 110
event log (operating system) 125
events 36
See also monitoring
expanding logical drives 60, 63, 66, 68
express configuration
44
RAID levels 44
F
failed disk drives
63, 135–136
multiple disk drives 63, 135–136
multiple logical drives 135
RAID 0 logical drives 135–136
without hot spare 135
failover 56
firmware 105–106, 109
Firmware Update wizard 105
formatting logical drives 46, 49–50
G
global hot spares
51, 53
deleting 53
Green Backup status 113
H
hard disk
16
hard disk drive
16
hard drive, See disk drive
help 39
hot spares
51, 51–52, 54, 58, 135
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hot spares (continued)
creating 51
creating dedicated 51–52
creating pool spare 51–52
dedicated
51
defined 51
deleting 54, 135
global
51
defined 51
limitations 51–52
removing 54, 135
hybrid RAID 48, 59–60
I
icons
34, 111, 118
Enterprise View 34
event status icons 111, 118
identifying components 94
initialize method 63
initializing disk drives
98, 136
skipping 136
L
Linux
42
starting the Agent 42
local systems 40
locating drives 94
logging in 32, 40–41
logging into remote systems 43
logging out 39
logical drives
40, 44–50, 56, 58, 58–69, 85, 97, 135,
137, 141–148
advanced settings 49, 85
automatic verification 64
background consistency check 64
background verification 64
build method 49, 63
building
44
basic 44
changing RAID levels 63, 67
custom configuration 44–45, 47, 59–60, 69
defined 58
deleting 68
different-sized disk drives 58–59
disabling background consistency check 64–65
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logical drives (continued)
disk drive segments 58, 60, 68, 141
enabling background consistency check 64–65
expanding 60, 63, 66, 68
fine-tuning 49, 61, 85
formatting 46, 49–50
hybrid RAID 48, 59–60
increasing capacity 60, 63, 66, 68
initialize methods 63
manual verification 64
maximum size 66
non-redundant 142
options for creating 44
partitioning 46, 49–50
RAID 1 142
RAID 10 144
RAID 1E 143
RAID 5 145, 147
RAID 50 147–148
RAID 5EE 146
RAID 6 148
RAID 60 148
RAID segments 141
read cache 62
rebuilding 56, 97, 135, 137
remove disk drive or segment 66–67
renaming 61
replace disk drive or segment 66–67
replacing disk drives 97
selecting disk drives 48
selecting RAID levels 47
stripe size 63
verifying 64
verifying and fixing 64–65
write cache setting 62
M
main window
32, 36, 39, 94, 110–112, 118, 155
event details 111
event log 110
Logout button 39
monitoring activity and status 110
notification types
110–111, 118
event log 110
event status icons 111, 118
overview 32, 155
status icons 111, 118
Storage Dashboard 36, 94, 110–112
task details 112
manual verification 64
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maxCache
49, 75, 84, 88, 124
cache hits and misses 124
local storage 49, 75, 84
read caching 84
with Series 6Q controllers 84, 88
write caching 84
maxCache container
84
creating 84
maxCache Container
49, 75, 84, 86–87
coherency check 87
deleting 87
Flush and Fetch rate 86
selecting a RAID level 84
selecting SSDs 84
verifying and fixing 87
maxCache device
84, 88
creating 84, 88
maxCache Plus 73
maxCache statistics
89, 122, 124, 149
virtual volume 89, 122, 124, 149
maxView Storage Manager
17–19, 24–25, 32–35, 41, 43, 110, 155
Agent 18, 41, 43
beginning steps 17
Enterprise View 33
event log 110
icons 34
introduction 17, 41
logging into remote systems 43
main window overview 32, 155
maxCache devices 33
ribbon 35
Ribbon 33
system requirements 19, 24–25
modifying tasks 92
monitoring
36, 37, 91, 94, 110, 110–112, 116–121,
monitoring (continued)
email notifications (continued)
SMTP server settings 117
test emails 117, 119
Email Notifications Manager 110, 116, 121
event details 111
event log 36, 110
options 110
status icons 111, 118
Storage Dashboard 36, 94, 110–112
task details 112
task log 36
tasks 91
monitoring tasks 91
N
Native Command Queuing 104
NCQ 104
non-redundant logical drives 142
notification types
110, 116, 121
email notifications 110, 116, 121
notifications
110, 121
event alerts 110, 121
O
online help 39
operating system event log 125
operating systems 19
P
partitioning logical drives 46, 49–50
PHY link rate 104
physical drives
100
verifying and fixing 100
pool hot spares 51–52
power management
121
device properties 94
email notifications
110, 116–117, 119–121
"from" address 117
changing "from" address 117, 120–121
changing SMTP server 117, 120–121
failed test emails 120
modifying recipient information 117, 120
recipient addresses 117
removing recipients 117, 120
setup 117
Proprietary and Confidential to PMC-Sierra, Inc.
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69–71
disabling 71
stay awake period 70
timers 69
Properties tab 94
R
RAID
63, 142–148
non-redundant logical drives 142
RAID 0 142
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RAID (continued)
RAID 1 142
RAID 10 144
RAID 1E 143
RAID 5 145, 147
RAID 50 147–148
RAID 5EE 146
RAID 6
63, 148
stripe size 63
RAID 60
63, 148
stripe size 63
RAID levels
44, 47, 63, 67
changing 63, 67
custom configuration 47
express configuration 44
selecting 47
RAID segments 141
RAW drive 99
RAW state 99
read cache 62
rebuilding (defined) 135
rebuilding logical drives 56, 97, 135, 137
recurring tasks 90
remote systems
40, 44, 129–130
adding manually 44, 129
removing 130
renaming logical drives 61
rescanning controllers 102–103
Resources View 36–37, 113
ribbon
35, 43, 61–62, 66–67, 101–103, 137
Add system 43
Change logical device name 61
Configure disk drive cache 102
Configure global disk drive cache 101
Configure read cache 62
Expand or change logical device 66–67
overview 35
Rescan 103
Save support archive 137
Ribbon 33
scheduling tasks (continued)
supported tasks (continued)
verifying with fix 65
tasks you can schedule 90, 92
Secure erase 99
segments 58, 141
Selectable performance modes 63
Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology
(SMART) 115
Server Template File 50, 127
silencing alarm
102
system-level 102
silent installation
138–139
switches, properties, and values 138–139
Skip Initialization method 136
SMART statistics 115
SMI-S provider 18, 22
SMTP server 117, 120–121
Solaris
43
starting the Agent 43
spares, See hot spares
statistics counters
125
resetting 125
statistics logging
89, 122–125, 149
counters 125
enabling 123
viewing 89, 122, 124, 149
Statistics Viewer 89, 122, 124, 149
status 36–37
See also monitoring
enclosures 37
event log 36
task log 36
See also monitoring
status icons
111, 118
main window 111, 118
Storage Dashboard 36, 94, 110–112
storage space
15, 20
examples 20
stripe size
63
S
Scheduled (task status) 91
scheduling tasks
65, 90, 92
rescheduling 92
supported tasks
65
Proprietary and Confidential to PMC-Sierra, Inc.
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changing 63
support archive file 137
system requirements 19, 24–25
systems
40, 94
local systems 40
properties 94
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systems (continued)
remote systems 40
T
task log 36
tasks
90–93
deleting 93
missed start times 92
modifying 92
monitoring 91
recurring 90
scheduling 90, 92
temperature status 37, 113–114
terminology 15
U
uninitializing disk drives 99
updating firmware 105–106, 109
V
verifying and fixing logical drives 64–65
verifying and fixing physical drives 100
Proprietary and Confidential to PMC-Sierra, Inc.
Document No.: CDP-00285-04-A Rev. A, Issue
verifying logical drives
64
automatic verification 64
background verification 64
manual verification 64
virtual pool
76–77
creating 76
deleting 77
modifying 77
virtual volume
78, 83, 89, 122, 124, 149
advanced statistics 89, 122, 124, 149
creating 78
deleting 83
modifying 83
virtual volume advanced statistics 89, 149
W
Windows
42
starting the Agent 42
write cache 62
write-back 62
write-through 62
165
PMC-Sierra, Inc.
1380 Bordeaux Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089 USA
© Copyright PMC-Sierra, Inc. 2014
All rights reserved. Adaptec and the Adaptec by PMC logo
are trademarks of PMC-Sierra, Inc.
Part Number: CDP-00285-04-A Rev A
JPB 03/11