User’s manual
FLIR Exx series
User’s manual
FLIR Exx series
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
iii
Table of contents
1
Disclaimers ......................................................................................1
1.1
Legal disclaimer ....................................................................... 1
1.2
Usage statistics ........................................................................ 1
1.3
Changes to registry ................................................................... 1
1.4
U.S. Government Regulations...................................................... 1
1.5
Copyright ................................................................................ 1
1.6
Quality assurance ..................................................................... 1
1.7
Patents ................................................................................... 1
1.8
EULA Terms ............................................................................ 1
1.9
EULA Terms ............................................................................ 1
2
Safety information .............................................................................3
3
Notice to user ...................................................................................7
3.1
User-to-user forums .................................................................. 7
3.2
Calibration............................................................................... 7
3.3
Accuracy ................................................................................ 7
3.4
Disposal of electronic waste ........................................................ 7
3.5
Training .................................................................................. 7
3.6
Documentation updates ............................................................. 7
3.7
Important note about this manual.................................................. 7
3.8
Note about authoritative versions.................................................. 7
4
Customer help ..................................................................................8
4.1
General .................................................................................. 8
4.2
Submitting a question ................................................................ 8
4.3
Downloads .............................................................................. 9
5
Quick Start Guide ............................................................................ 10
5.1
Procedure ............................................................................. 10
6
List of accessories and services ....................................................... 11
7
Camera parts .................................................................................. 13
7.1
View from the right .................................................................. 13
7.1.1 Figure ........................................................................ 13
7.1.2 Explanation................................................................. 13
7.2
View from the left .................................................................... 14
7.2.1 Figure ........................................................................ 14
7.2.2 Explanation................................................................. 14
7.3
LCD and keypad..................................................................... 15
7.3.1 Figure ........................................................................ 15
7.3.2 Explanation................................................................. 15
7.4
View from the bottom ............................................................... 16
7.4.1 Figure ........................................................................ 16
7.4.2 Explanation................................................................. 16
7.5
Battery condition LED indicator .................................................. 17
7.5.1 Figure ........................................................................ 17
7.5.2 Explanation................................................................. 17
7.6
Laser pointer ......................................................................... 18
7.6.1 Figure ........................................................................ 18
7.6.2 Laser warning label....................................................... 18
7.6.3 Laser rules and regulations ............................................ 18
8
Screen elements ............................................................................. 19
8.1
Figure .................................................................................. 19
8.2
Explanation ........................................................................... 19
9
Navigating the menu system ............................................................. 20
9.1
Figure .................................................................................. 20
9.2
Explanation ........................................................................... 20
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Table of contents
10
Connecting external devices and storage media ................................. 21
10.1
Figure .................................................................................. 21
10.2
Explanation ........................................................................... 21
10.3
Figure .................................................................................. 22
10.4
Explanation ........................................................................... 22
11
Pairing Bluetooth devices................................................................. 23
11.1
General ................................................................................ 23
11.2
Procedure ............................................................................. 23
12
Configuring Wi-Fi ............................................................................ 24
12.1
General ................................................................................ 24
12.2
Setting up a peer-to-peer connection (most common use) ............... 24
12.3
Connecting the camera to a wireless local area network (less
common use)......................................................................... 24
13
Handling the camera ........................................................................ 25
13.1
Charging the battery ................................................................ 25
13.1.1 Using the power supply to charge the battery ..................... 25
13.1.2 Using the stand-alone battery charger to charge the
battery ....................................................................... 25
13.2
Turning on and turning off the camera.......................................... 25
13.3
Adjusting the infrared camera focus ............................................ 26
13.3.1 Figure ........................................................................ 26
13.3.2 Procedure .................................................................. 26
13.4
Operating the laser pointer........................................................ 27
13.4.1 Figure ........................................................................ 27
13.4.2 Procedure .................................................................. 27
13.5
Removing the battery............................................................... 27
13.6
Mounting an accessory lens ...................................................... 28
13.7
Calibrating the touchscreen....................................................... 29
13.7.1 Figure ........................................................................ 29
13.7.2 Procedure .................................................................. 29
13.8
Using the camera lamp ............................................................ 29
13.8.1 General...................................................................... 29
13.8.2 Procedure .................................................................. 30
14
Working with images........................................................................ 31
14.1
Saving an image ..................................................................... 31
14.1.1 General...................................................................... 31
14.1.2 Image capacity ............................................................ 31
14.1.3 Naming convention....................................................... 31
14.1.4 Procedure .................................................................. 31
14.2
Previewing an image ............................................................... 31
14.2.1 General...................................................................... 31
14.2.2 Procedure .................................................................. 31
14.3
Opening a saved image............................................................ 32
14.3.1 General...................................................................... 32
14.3.2 Procedure .................................................................. 32
14.4
Editing a saved image.............................................................. 32
14.4.1 General...................................................................... 32
14.4.2 Procedure .................................................................. 32
14.5
Adjusting an infrared image....................................................... 32
14.5.1 General...................................................................... 32
14.5.2 Example 1 .................................................................. 33
14.5.3 Example 2 .................................................................. 33
14.5.4 Manual adjustment in Level / span mode ........................... 33
14.5.5 Manual adjustment in Level / max / min mode..................... 34
14.6
Performing a non-uniformity correction (NUC) ............................... 34
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Table of contents
14.7
14.8
14.9
14.10
14.11
14.6.1 What is a non-uniformity correction?................................. 34
14.6.2 When to perform a non-uniformity correction? .................... 34
14.6.3 Procedure .................................................................. 34
Changing the temperature range ................................................ 34
14.7.1 General...................................................................... 34
14.7.2 Procedure .................................................................. 34
Changing the color palette ........................................................ 35
14.8.1 General...................................................................... 35
14.8.2 Procedure .................................................................. 35
Zooming in on an image ........................................................... 35
14.9.1 General...................................................................... 35
14.9.2 Procedure .................................................................. 35
Deleting an image ................................................................... 35
14.10.1 Procedure .................................................................. 35
Deleting all images.................................................................. 36
14.11.1 Procedure .................................................................. 36
15
Working with image modes............................................................... 37
15.1
General ................................................................................ 37
15.2
Types of image modes ............................................................. 37
15.3
Procedure ............................................................................. 38
16
Working with measurement tools ...................................................... 39
16.1
Laying out measurement tools in live mode................................... 39
16.1.1 General...................................................................... 39
16.1.2 Procedure .................................................................. 39
16.2
Laying out measurement tools in edit mode .................................. 39
16.2.1 General...................................................................... 39
16.2.2 Procedure .................................................................. 39
16.3
Moving and resizing measurement tools ...................................... 40
16.3.1 General...................................................................... 40
16.3.2 Procedure .................................................................. 40
16.4
Displaying maximum, minimum, and average values....................... 40
16.4.1 General...................................................................... 40
16.4.2 Procedure .................................................................. 40
16.5
Setting local measurement parameters for a measurement
tool ...................................................................................... 41
16.5.1 General...................................................................... 41
16.5.2 Procedure .................................................................. 41
17
Working with alarms ........................................................................ 42
17.1
Working with color alarms ......................................................... 42
17.1.1 General...................................................................... 42
17.1.2 Procedure .................................................................. 42
17.2
Working with insulation alarms ................................................... 42
17.2.1 General...................................................................... 42
17.2.2 Procedure .................................................................. 42
17.3
Working with condensation alarms.............................................. 43
17.3.1 General...................................................................... 43
17.3.2 Procedure .................................................................. 43
18
Fetching data from external FLIR meters ............................................ 44
18.1
General ................................................................................ 44
18.2
Supported meters ................................................................... 44
18.3
Technical support for external meters .......................................... 44
18.4
Procedure ............................................................................. 44
18.5
Typical moisture measurement and documentation
procedure ............................................................................. 44
18.5.1 General...................................................................... 44
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Table of contents
18.5.2 Procedure .................................................................. 44
19
Annotating images .......................................................................... 45
19.1
General ................................................................................ 45
19.2
Adding a note ........................................................................ 45
19.2.1 General...................................................................... 45
19.2.2 Procedure .................................................................. 45
19.3
Adding a table ........................................................................ 45
19.3.1 General...................................................................... 45
19.3.2 Procedure .................................................................. 46
19.4
Adding a voice annotation......................................................... 46
19.4.1 General...................................................................... 46
19.4.2 Procedure .................................................................. 46
20
Recording video clips ...................................................................... 47
20.1
General ................................................................................ 47
20.2
Procedure: Recording a video clip .............................................. 47
20.3
Procedure: Playing a video clip .................................................. 47
21
Screening alarm .............................................................................. 48
21.1
General ................................................................................ 48
21.2
Procedure ............................................................................. 48
22
Changing settings ........................................................................... 49
22.1
General ................................................................................ 49
22.2
Procedure ............................................................................. 49
22.3
Description of the various settings .............................................. 49
22.3.1 Measurement parameters .............................................. 49
22.3.2 Save options ............................................................... 50
22.3.3 Add-on lens ................................................................ 50
22.3.4 Device settings ............................................................ 50
23
Technical data ................................................................................. 52
23.1
Online field-of-view calculator .................................................... 52
23.2
Note about technical data ......................................................... 52
23.3
Note about authoritative versions................................................ 52
23.4
FLIR E33 .............................................................................. 53
23.5
FLIR E40 .............................................................................. 58
23.6
FLIR E40 (incl. Wi-Fi)............................................................... 63
23.7
FLIR E40 with SC kit (incl. Wi-Fi and 45° lens)............................... 68
23.8
FLIR E40 with SC kit (incl. Wi-Fi) ................................................ 73
23.9
FLIR E40bx (incl. Wi-Fi) ........................................................... 78
23.10 FLIR E50 .............................................................................. 83
23.11 FLIR E50 (incl. Wi-Fi)............................................................... 88
23.12 FLIR E50bx (incl. Wi-Fi) ........................................................... 93
23.13 FLIR E60 .............................................................................. 98
23.14 FLIR E60 (incl. Wi-Fi)............................................................. 103
23.15 FLIR E60 with Educational kit (DE) ........................................... 108
23.16 FLIR E60 with Educational kit (EN) ........................................... 109
23.17 FLIR E60 with Educational kit (ES)............................................ 110
23.18 FLIR E60 with Educational kit (FR)............................................ 111
23.19 FLIR E60 with Educational kit (IT) ............................................. 112
23.20 FLIR E60 with Educational kit (JA) ............................................ 113
23.21 FLIR E60 with Educational kit (KO) ........................................... 114
23.22 FLIR E60bx (incl. Wi-Fi) ......................................................... 115
23.23 FLIR E63 (incl. Wi-Fi)............................................................. 120
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Table of contents
24
Mechanical drawings ..................................................................... 125
25
CE Declaration of conformity .......................................................... 130
26
Cleaning the camera ...................................................................... 132
26.1
Camera housing, cables, and other items................................... 132
26.1.1 Liquids..................................................................... 132
26.1.2 Equipment ................................................................ 132
26.1.3 Procedure ................................................................ 132
26.2
Infrared lens ........................................................................ 132
26.2.1 Liquids..................................................................... 132
26.2.2 Equipment ................................................................ 132
26.2.3 Procedure ................................................................ 132
27
Application examples..................................................................... 133
27.1
Moisture & water damage ....................................................... 133
27.1.1 General.................................................................... 133
27.1.2 Figure ...................................................................... 133
27.2
Faulty contact in socket .......................................................... 133
27.2.1 General.................................................................... 133
27.2.2 Figure ...................................................................... 133
27.3
Oxidized socket.................................................................... 134
27.3.1 General.................................................................... 134
27.3.2 Figure ...................................................................... 134
27.4
Insulation deficiencies............................................................ 135
27.4.1 General.................................................................... 135
27.4.2 Figure ...................................................................... 135
27.5
Draft .................................................................................. 135
27.5.1 General.................................................................... 135
27.5.2 Figure ...................................................................... 135
28
About FLIR Systems ...................................................................... 137
28.1
More than just an infrared camera ............................................ 138
28.2
Sharing our knowledge .......................................................... 138
28.3
Supporting our customers....................................................... 138
29
Glossary ...................................................................................... 140
30
Thermographic measurement techniques ........................................ 143
30.1
Introduction ........................................................................ 143
30.2
Emissivity............................................................................ 143
30.2.1 Finding the emissivity of a sample .................................. 143
30.3
Reflected apparent temperature............................................... 146
30.4
Distance ............................................................................. 147
30.5
Relative humidity .................................................................. 147
30.6
Other parameters.................................................................. 147
31
History of infrared technology......................................................... 148
32
Theory of thermography................................................................. 151
32.1
Introduction ......................................................................... 151
32.2
The electromagnetic spectrum................................................. 151
32.3
Blackbody radiation............................................................... 151
32.3.1 Planck’s law .............................................................. 152
32.3.2 Wien’s displacement law.............................................. 153
32.3.3 Stefan-Boltzmann's law ............................................... 154
32.3.4 Non-blackbody emitters............................................... 155
32.4
Infrared semi-transparent materials........................................... 157
33
The measurement formula.............................................................. 158
34
Emissivity tables ........................................................................... 162
34.1
References.......................................................................... 162
34.2
Tables ................................................................................ 162
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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1
Disclaimers
1.1 Legal disclaimer
1.7 Patents
All products manufactured by FLIR Systems are warranted against defective
materials and workmanship for a period of one (1) year from the delivery date
of the original purchase, provided such products have been under normal
storage, use and service, and in accordance with FLIR Systems instruction.
One or several of the following patents and/or design patents may apply to
the products and/or features. Additional pending patents and/or pending design patents may also apply.
Uncooled handheld infrared cameras manufactured by FLIR Systems are
warranted against defective materials and workmanship for a period of two
(2) years from the delivery date of the original purchase, provided such products have been under normal storage, use and service, and in accordance
with FLIR Systems instruction, and provided that the camera has been registered within 60 days of original purchase.
Detectors for uncooled handheld infrared cameras manufactured by FLIR
Systems are warranted against defective materials and workmanship for a
period of ten (10) years from the delivery date of the original purchase, provided such products have been under normal storage, use and service, and
in accordance with FLIR Systems instruction, and provided that the camera
has been registered within 60 days of original purchase.
Products which are not manufactured by FLIR Systems but included in systems delivered by FLIR Systems to the original purchaser, carry the warranty,
if any, of the particular supplier only. FLIR Systems has no responsibility
whatsoever for such products.
The warranty extends only to the original purchaser and is not transferable. It
is not applicable to any product which has been subjected to misuse, neglect,
accident or abnormal conditions of operation. Expendable parts are excluded
from the warranty.
In the case of a defect in a product covered by this warranty the product must
not be further used in order to prevent additional damage. The purchaser
shall promptly report any defect to FLIR Systems or this warranty will not
apply.
FLIR Systems will, at its option, repair or replace any such defective product
free of charge if, upon inspection, it proves to be defective in material or workmanship and provided that it is returned to FLIR Systems within the said oneyear period.
000279476-0001; 000439161; 000499579-0001; 000653423; 000726344;
000859020; 001106306-0001; 001707738; 001707746; 001707787;
001776519; 001954074; 002021543; 002058180; 002249953; 002531178;
0600574-8; 1144833; 1182246; 1182620; 1285345; 1299699; 1325808;
1336775; 1391114; 1402918; 1404291; 1411581; 1415075; 1421497;
1458284; 1678485; 1732314; 2106017; 2107799; 2381417; 3006596;
3006597; 466540; 483782; 484155; 4889913; 5177595; 60122153.2;
602004011681.5-08; 6707044; 68657; 7034300; 7110035; 7154093;
7157705; 7237946; 7312822; 7332716; 7336823; 7544944; 7667198;
7809258 B2; 7826736; 8,153,971; 8,823,803; 8,853,631; 8018649 B2;
8212210 B2; 8289372; 8354639 B2; 8384783; 8520970; 8565547; 8595689;
8599262; 8654239; 8680468; 8803093; D540838; D549758; D579475;
D584755; D599,392; D615,113; D664,580; D664,581; D665,004; D665,440;
D677298; D710,424 S; D718801; DI6702302-9; DI6903617-9; DI7002221-6;
DI7002891-5; DI7002892-3; DI7005799-0; DM/057692; DM/061609; EP
2115696 B1; EP2315433; SE 0700240-5; US 8340414 B2; ZL
201330267619.5; ZL01823221.3; ZL01823226.4; ZL02331553.9;
ZL02331554.7; ZL200480034894.0; ZL200530120994.2;
ZL200610088759.5; ZL200630130114.4; ZL200730151141.4;
ZL200730339504.7; ZL200820105768.8; ZL200830128581.2;
ZL200880105236.4; ZL200880105769.2; ZL200930190061.9;
ZL201030176127.1; ZL201030176130.3; ZL201030176157.2;
ZL201030595931.3; ZL201130442354.9; ZL201230471744.3;
ZL201230620731.8.
1.8 EULA Terms
•
FLIR Systems has no other obligation or liability for defects than those set
forth above.
No other warranty is expressed or implied. FLIR Systems specifically disclaims the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular
purpose.
•
FLIR Systems shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental or
consequential loss or damage, whether based on contract, tort or any other
legal theory.
This warranty shall be governed by Swedish law.
Any dispute, controversy or claim arising out of or in connection with this warranty, shall be finally settled by arbitration in accordance with the Rules of the
Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce. The place of arbitration shall be Stockholm. The language to be used in the arbitral proceedings shall be English.
•
You have acquired a device (“INFRARED CAMERA”) that includes software licensed by FLIR Systems AB from Microsoft Licensing, GP or its
affiliates (“MS”). Those installed software products of MS origin, as well
as associated media, printed materials, and “online” or electronic documentation (“SOFTWARE”) are protected by international intellectual
property laws and treaties. The SOFTWARE is licensed, not sold. All
rights reserved.
IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THIS END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT
(“EULA”), DO NOT USE THE DEVICE OR COPY THE SOFTWARE. INSTEAD, PROMPTLY CONTACT FLIR Systems AB FOR INSTRUCTIONS ON RETURN OF THE UNUSED DEVICE(S) FOR A REFUND.
ANY USE OF THE SOFTWARE, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO
USE ON THE DEVICE, WILL CONSTITUTE YOUR AGREEMENT TO
THIS EULA (OR RATIFICATION OF ANY PREVIOUS CONSENT).
GRANT OF SOFTWARE LICENSE. This EULA grants you the following
license:
◦
◦
1.2 Usage statistics
FLIR Systems reserves the right to gather anonymous usage statistics to help
maintain and improve the quality of our software and services.
◦
1.3 Changes to registry
The registry entry HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet
\Control\Lsa\LmCompatibilityLevel will be automatically changed to level 2 if
the FLIR Camera Monitor service detects a FLIR camera connected to the
computer with a USB cable. The modification will only be executed if the
camera device implements a remote network service that supports network
logons.
◦
1.4 U.S. Government Regulations
This product may be subject to U.S. Export Regulations. Please send any inquiries to exportquestions@flir.com.
1.5 Copyright
© 2016, FLIR Systems, Inc. All rights reserved worldwide. No parts of the
software including source code may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed
or translated into any language or computer language in any form or by any
means, electronic, magnetic, optical, manual or otherwise, without the prior
written permission of FLIR Systems.
The documentation must not, in whole or part, be copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated or transmitted to any electronic medium or machine
readable form without prior consent, in writing, from FLIR Systems.
Names and marks appearing on the products herein are either registered
trademarks or trademarks of FLIR Systems and/or its subsidiaries. All other
trademarks, trade names or company names referenced herein are used for
identification only and are the property of their respective owners.
1.6 Quality assurance
The Quality Management System under which these products are developed
and manufactured has been certified in accordance with the ISO 9001
standard.
FLIR Systems is committed to a policy of continuous development; therefore
we reserve the right to make changes and improvements on any of the products without prior notice.
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
◦
◦
◦
You may use the SOFTWARE only on the DEVICE.
NOT FAULT TOLERANT. THE SOFTWARE IS NOT FAULT TOLERANT. FLIR Systems AB HAS INDEPENDENTLY DETERMINED
HOW TO USE THE SOFTWARE IN THE DEVICE, AND MS HAS
RELIED UPON FLIR Systems AB TO CONDUCT SUFFICIENT
TESTING TO DETERMINE THAT THE SOFTWARE IS SUITABLE
FOR SUCH USE.
NO WARRANTIES FOR THE SOFTWARE. THE SOFTWARE is
provided “AS IS” and with all faults. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO
SATISFACTORY QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, ACCURACY, AND
EFFORT (INCLUDING LACK OF NEGLIGENCE) IS WITH YOU.
ALSO, THERE IS NO WARRANTY AGAINST INTERFERENCE
WITH YOUR ENJOYMENT OF THE SOFTWARE OR AGAINST
INFRINGEMENT. IF YOU HAVE RECEIVED ANY WARRANTIES
REGARDING THE DEVICE OR THE SOFTWARE, THOSE WARRANTIES DO NOT ORIGINATE FROM, AND ARE NOT BINDING
ON, MS.
No Liability for Certain Damages. EXCEPT AS PROHIBITED BY
LAW, MS SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY FOR ANY INDIRECT,
SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES
ARISING FROM OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE. THIS LIMITATION SHALL
APPLY EVEN IF ANY REMEDY FAILS OF ITS ESSENTIAL PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT SHALL MS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
AMOUNT IN EXCESS OF U.S. TWO HUNDRED FIFTY DOLLARS (U.S.$250.00).
Limitations on Reverse Engineering, Decompilation, and Disassembly. You may not reverse engineer, decompile, or disassemble the SOFTWARE, except and only to the extent that such
activity is expressly permitted by applicable law notwithstanding
this limitation.
SOFTWARE TRANSFER ALLOWED BUT WITH RESTRICTIONS. You may permanently transfer rights under this EULA only
as part of a permanent sale or transfer of the Device, and only if
the recipient agrees to this EULA. If the SOFTWARE is an upgrade, any transfer must also include all prior versions of the
SOFTWARE.
EXPORT RESTRICTIONS. You acknowledge that SOFTWARE is
subject to U.S. export jurisdiction. You agree to comply with all applicable international and national laws that apply to the SOFTWARE, including the U.S. Export Administration Regulations, as
well as end-user, end-use and destination restrictions issued by U.
S. and other governments. For additional information see http://
www.microsoft.com/exporting/.
1.9 EULA Terms
Qt4 Core and Qt4 GUI, Copyright ©2013 Nokia Corporation and FLIR Systems AB. This Qt library is a free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published
by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your
option) any later version. This library is distributed in the hope that it will be
useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU Lesser General Public License, http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl-2.1.
1
1
Disclaimers
html. The source code for the libraries Qt4 Core and Qt4 GUI may be requested from FLIR Systems AB.
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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2
Safety information
WARNING
Applicability: Class B digital devices.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in
a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING
Applicability: Digital devices subject to 15.19/RSS-210.
NOTICE: This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules and with RSS-210 of Industry Canada.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
1.
2.
this device may not cause harmful interference, and
this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
WARNING
Applicability: Digital devices subject to 15.21.
NOTICE: Changes or modifications made to this equipment not expressly approved by FLIR Systems
may void the FCC authorization to operate this equipment.
WARNING
Applicability: Digital devices subject to 2.1091/2.1093/OET Bulletin 65.
Radiofrequency radiation exposure Information: The radiated output power of the device is below
the FCC/IC radio frequency exposure limits. Nevertheless, the device shall be used in such a manner
that the potential for human contact during normal operation is minimized.
WARNING
Applicability: Cameras with one or more laser pointers.
Do not look directly into the laser beam. The laser beam can cause eye irritation.
WARNING
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not disassemble or do a modification to the battery. The battery contains safety and protection devices which, if damage occurs, can cause the battery to become hot, or cause an explosion or an ignition.
WARNING
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
If there is a leak from the battery and you get the fluid in your eyes, do not rub your eyes. Flush well with
water and immediately get medical care. The battery fluid can cause injury to your eyes if you do not do
this.
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2
Safety information
WARNING
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not continue to charge the battery if it does not become charged in the specified charging time. If
you continue to charge the battery, it can become hot and cause an explosion or ignition. Injury to persons can occur.
WARNING
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Only use the correct equipment to remove the electrical power from the battery. If you do not use the
correct equipment, you can decrease the performance or the life cycle of the battery. If you do not use
the correct equipment, an incorrect flow of current to the battery can occur. This can cause the battery
to become hot, or cause an explosion. Injury to persons can occur.
WARNING
Make sure that you read all applicable MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets) and warning labels on containers before you use a liquid. The liquids can be dangerous. Injury to persons can occur.
CAUTION
Do not point the infrared camera (with or without the lens cover) at strong energy sources, for example,
devices that cause laser radiation, or the sun. This can have an unwanted effect on the accuracy of the
camera. It can also cause damage to the detector in the camera.
CAUTION
Do not use the camera in temperatures more than +50°C (+122°F), unless other information is specified
in the user documentation or technical data. High temperatures can cause damage to the camera.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more laser pointers.
To prevent damage, put the protective cap on the laser pointer when you do not operate the laser
pointer. Damage to the laser pointer can occur if you do not do this.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not attach the batteries directly to a car’s cigarette lighter socket, unless FLIR Systems supplies a
specific adapter to connect the batteries to a cigarette lighter socket. Damage to the batteries can
occur.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not connect the positive terminal and the negative terminal of the battery to each other with a metal
object (such as wire). Damage to the batteries can occur.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not get water or salt water on the battery, or permit the battery to become wet. Damage to the batteries can occur.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not make holes in the battery with objects. Damage to the battery can occur.
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Safety information
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not hit the battery with a hammer. Damage to the battery can occur.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not put your foot on the battery, hit it or cause shocks to it. Damage to the battery can occur.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not put the batteries in or near a fire, or into direct sunlight. When the battery becomes hot, the builtin safety equipment becomes energized and can stop the battery charging procedure. If the battery becomes hot, damage can occur to the safety equipment and this can cause more heat, damage or ignition of the battery.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not put the battery on a fire or increase the temperature of the battery with heat. Damage to the battery and injury to persons can occur.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not put the battery on or near fires, stoves, or other high-temperature locations. Damage to the battery and injury to persons can occur.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not solder directly onto the battery. Damage to the battery can occur.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Do not use the battery if, when you use, charge, or put the battery in storage, there is an unusual smell
from the battery, the battery feels hot, changes color, changes shape, or is in an unusual condition.
Speak with your sales office if one or more of these problems occurs. Damage to the battery and injury
to persons can occur.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Only use a specified battery charger when you charge the battery. Damage to the battery can occur if
you do not do this.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Only use a specified battery for the camera. Damage to the camera and the battery can occur if you do
not do this.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
The temperature range through which you can charge the battery is ±0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F),
unless other information is specified in the user documentation or technical data. If you charge the battery at temperatures out of this range, it can cause the battery to become hot or to break. It can also decrease the performance or the life cycle of the battery.
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Safety information
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
The temperature range through which you can remove the electrical power from the battery is -15°C to
+50°C (+5°F to +122°F), unless other information is specified in the user documentation or technical
data. If you operate the battery out of this temperature range, it can decrease the performance or the life
cycle of the battery.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
When the battery is worn, apply insulation to the terminals with adhesive tape or equivalent materials
before you discard it. Damage to the battery and injury to persons can occur if you do not do this.
CAUTION
Applicability: Cameras with one or more batteries.
Remove any water or moisture on the battery before you install it. Damage to the battery can occur if
you do not do this.
CAUTION
Do not apply solvents or equivalent liquids to the camera, the cables, or other items. Damage to the battery and injury to persons can occur.
CAUTION
Be careful when you clean the infrared lens. The lens has an anti-reflective coating which is easily damaged. Damage to the infrared lens can occur.
CAUTION
Do not use too much force to clean the infrared lens. This can cause damage to the anti-reflective
coating.
Note The encapsulation rating is only applicable when all the openings on the camera
are sealed with their correct covers, hatches, or caps. This includes the compartments
for data storage, batteries, and connectors.
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Notice to user
3.1 User-to-user forums
Exchange ideas, problems, and infrared solutions with fellow thermographers around the
world in our user-to-user forums. To go to the forums, visit:
http://www.infraredtraining.com/community/boards/
3.2 Calibration
We recommend that you send in the camera for calibration once a year. Contact your local sales office for instructions on where to send the camera.
3.3 Accuracy
For very accurate results, we recommend that you wait 5 minutes after you have started
the camera before measuring a temperature.
3.4 Disposal of electronic waste
As with most electronic products, this equipment must be disposed of in an environmentally friendly way, and in accordance with existing regulations for electronic waste.
Please contact your FLIR Systems representative for more details.
3.5 Training
To read about infrared training, visit:
• http://www.infraredtraining.com
• http://www.irtraining.com
• http://www.irtraining.eu
3.6 Documentation updates
Our manuals are updated several times per year, and we also issue product-critical notifications of changes on a regular basis.
To access the latest manuals, translations of manuals, and notifications, go to the Download tab at:
http://support.flir.com
It only takes a few minutes to register online. In the download area you will also find the
latest releases of manuals for our other products, as well as manuals for our historical
and obsolete products.
3.7 Important note about this manual
FLIR Systems issues generic manuals that cover several cameras within a model line.
This means that this manual may contain descriptions and explanations that do not apply
to your particular camera model.
3.8 Note about authoritative versions
The authoritative version of this publication is English. In the event of divergences due to
translation errors, the English text has precedence.
Any late changes are first implemented in English.
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Customer help
4.1 General
For customer help, visit:
http://support.flir.com
4.2 Submitting a question
To submit a question to the customer help team, you must be a registered user. It only
takes a few minutes to register online. If you only want to search the knowledgebase for
existing questions and answers, you do not need to be a registered user.
When you want to submit a question, make sure that you have the following information
to hand:
• The camera model
• The camera serial number
• The communication protocol, or method, between the camera and your device (for example, HDMI, Ethernet, USB, or FireWire)
• Device type (PC/Mac/iPhone/iPad/Android device, etc.)
• Version of any programs from FLIR Systems
• Full name, publication number, and revision number of the manual
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4.3 Downloads
On the customer help site you can also download the following, when applicable for the
product:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Firmware updates for your infrared camera.
Program updates for your PC/Mac software.
Freeware and evaluation versions of PC/Mac software.
User documentation for current, obsolete, and historical products.
Mechanical drawings (in *.dxf and *.pdf format).
Cad data models (in *.stp format).
Application stories.
Technical datasheets.
Product catalogs.
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Quick Start Guide
5.1 Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Put a battery into the battery compartment.
2. Charge the battery for 4 hours before starting the camera for the first time, or until the
green battery condition LED glows continuously.
3. Insert a memory card into the card slot.
4. Push
to turn on the camera.
5. Aim the camera toward the object of interest.
6. Adjust the focus by rotating the focus ring.
Note It is very important to adjust the focus correctly. Incorrect focus adjustment affects how the image modes Thermal MSX, Thermal, and Picture-in-picture work. It also affects the temperature measurement.
7. Push the Save button (the trigger) to save an image.
8. Install FLIR Tools on your computer.
9. Start FLIR Tools.
10. Connect the camera to the computer using the USB cable.
11. Import the images into FLIR Tools and create a PDF report.
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List of accessories and services
Product name
Part number
Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi
plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T198125
Bluetooth Headset
T197771ACC
Calibration including General maintenance Exx
T199839
Cardboard box with printing 280 x 200 x 120 mm
T127477
Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
T198509
FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198586
FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec.
dev.)
T198697
FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license
key)
T199014
FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade
(printed license key)
T199044
FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T198696
FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199013
FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license
key)
T199043
FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T198731
FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199012
FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199042
FLIR Tools
T198584
FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
T198583
High-temperature lens
T199235
IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198113
IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
1196960
IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
1196961
IR Window 2 in
19250-100
IR Window 3 in.
19251-100
IR Window 4 in.
19252-100
Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198487
Memory card SDHC 4 GB
T911230ACC
One year extended warranty for Exx series
T199837
Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198484
Power supply, incl. multi plugs
T910814
SS IR Window 2 in.
19250-200
SS IR Window 3 in.
19251-200
SS IR Window 4 in.
19252-200
Sun shield
T198485
Tool belt
T911093
Transport case Exx
T198341ACC
Tripod Adapter
T198486
USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
1910423
Video cable
1910582ACC
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List of accessories and services
Note FLIR Systems reserves the right to discontinue models, parts or accessories,
and other items, or to change specifications at any time without prior notice.
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Camera parts
7.1 View from the right
7.1.1 Figure
7.1.2 Explanation
1. Cover for the right-hand compartment:
• USB-A connector.
• USB mini-B connector.
• Power connector.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Save button.
Tripod mount. Requires an adapter (extra accessory).
Focus ring.
Infrared lens.
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Camera parts
7.2 View from the left
7.2.1 Figure
7.2.2 Explanation
1.
2.
3.
4.
Laser pointer.
Lamp for the digital camera.
Digital camera.
Cover for the left-hand compartment:
• Video out connector (composite video).
• Memory card slot.
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Camera parts
7.3 LCD and keypad
7.3.1 Figure
7.3.2 Explanation
1.
2.
3.
4.
Touch-screen LCD.
Navigation pad with center push.
Image archive button.
Button to operate the laser pointer.
5. On/off button.
Function:
• Push the
button to turn on the camera.
button for less than 5 seconds to put the camera in stand• Push and hold the
by mode. The camera then automatically turns off after 6 hours.
• Push and hold the
button for more than 10 seconds to turn off the camera.
6. Back button.
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Camera parts
7.4 View from the bottom
7.4.1 Figure
7.4.2 Explanation
1. Latch to open the cover for the battery compartment. Push to open.
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Camera parts
7.5 Battery condition LED indicator
7.5.1 Figure
7.5.2 Explanation
Type of signal
Explanation
The green LED flashes two times per second.
The battery is being charged.
The green LED glows continuously.
The battery is fully charged.
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Camera parts
7.6 Laser pointer
7.6.1 Figure
Figure 7.1 This figure shows the difference in position between the laser pointer and the optical center of
the infrared lens.
WARNING
Do not look directly into the laser beam. The laser beam can cause eye irritation.
CAUTION
Protect the laser pointer with the protective cap when you are not using the laser pointer.
Note
The symbol
is displayed on the screen when the laser pointer is on.
Note
The laser pointer may not be enabled in all markets.
7.6.2 Laser warning label
A laser warning label with the following information is attached to the camera:
7.6.3 Laser rules and regulations
Wavelength: 635 nm. Maximum output power: 1 mW.
This product complies with 21 CFR 1040.10 and 1040.11 except for deviations pursuant
to Laser Notice No. 50, dated June 24, 2007.
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Screen elements
8.1 Figure
8.2 Explanation
1. Measurement tools (e.g., spotmeter).
2. Measurement result table.
3. Status icons and notifications.
4. Temperature scale.
5. Lamp toolbar button.
6. Temperature scale toolbar button.
7. Color toolbar button.
8. Measurement toolbar button.
9. Image modes toolbar button.
10. Recording mode toolbar button.
11. Settings toolbar button.
Note
To display the menu system, tap the screen or push the navigation pad.
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Navigating the menu system
9.1 Figure
9.2 Explanation
The figure above shows the two ways to navigate the menu system in the camera:
• Using the touch screen LCD to navigate the menu system (left).
• Using the navigation pad to navigate the menu system (right).
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Connecting external devices and
storage media
10.1 Figure
10.2 Explanation
1. Indicator showing that the memory card is busy.
Note
Do not eject the SD memory card when this LED is flashing.
2. Memory card (SD card)
3. Video cable.
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Connecting external devices and storage media
10.3 Figure
10.4 Explanation
1. Power cable.
2. USB mini-B cable (to connect the camera to a PC).
3. USB-A cable (to connect the camera to an external device, e.g., a USB memory
stick).
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Pairing Bluetooth devices
11.1 General
You can use Bluetooth-enabled headsets and FLIR meters together with the camera. Before you can use the device with the camera, you need to pair the camera and the device.
11.2 Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Enable Bluetooth on the device. See the user documentation for that device for information on how to do this.
2. On the camera, push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
3. Use the navigation pad to go to Settings.
4. Push the navigation pad.
5. Select Device settings and push the navigation pad.
6. Select Bluetooth including METERLiNK and push the navigation pad.
7. Enable Bluetooth by pushing the navigation pad.
8. Select Scan for Bluetooth devices and push the navigation pad right.
9. When the device is displayed in the list of devices, select it and push the navigation
pad to pair the camera and the device.
Note
• Only METERLiNK devices and Bluetooth-enabled headsets will appear in the list of
available devices.
• You can add several devices.
• You can remove a device by selecting the device and then selecting Unpair device.
• After adding a METERLiNK device, such as the FLIR MR77 or FLIR CM78, the result
from the meter will be visible in the measurement result table.
• After adding a Bluetooth-enabled headset, it is ready to be used for adding voice
annotations.
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Configuring Wi-Fi
12.1 General
You can connect the camera in two different ways:
• Most common use: Setting up a peer-to-peer connection (also called an ad hoc or
P2P connection). This method is primarily used with other devices, e.g., an iPhone or
iPad.
• Less common use: Connecting the camera to a wireless local area network (WLAN).
12.2 Setting up a peer-to-peer connection (most common use)
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
On the camera, push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Settings.
Push the navigation pad.
Select Device settings and push the navigation pad.
Select Wi-Fi and push the navigation pad.
Select Share and push the navigation pad.
(Optional step.) To display and change the parameters, select Settings and push the
navigation pad.
• If the transfer rate is low, this can be due to a crowded frequency band. Try changing the channel to increase the transfer rate. To change the channel (the channel
that the camera is broadcasting on), select Channel and push the navigation pad.
• To activate WEP (encryption algorithm), select WEP and push the navigation pad.
This will check the WEP check box.
• To change the WEP password, select Password and push the navigation pad.
Note These parameters are set for your camera’s network. They will be used by the
external device to connect that device to the network.
12.3 Connecting the camera to a wireless local area network (less common use)
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
On the camera, push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Settings .
Push the navigation pad.
Select Device settings and push the navigation pad.
Select Wi-Fi and push the navigation pad.
Select Connect to network and push the navigation pad.
Select Networks and push the navigation pad right.
Select a network by pushing the navigation pad. You typically need to enter a password to access the network.
Note Some networks do not broadcast their existence. To connect to such a network,
select Settings from the Networks list and push the navigation pad. Then select Add network... and set all parameters manually for that network.
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Handling the camera
13.1 Charging the battery
Note You must charge the battery for 4 hours before you start using the camera for the
first time.
13.1.1
13.1.1.1
Using the power supply to charge the battery
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Connect the power supply cable plug to the power connector on the camera.
2. Connect the power supply mains-electricity plug to a mains socket.
3. Disconnect the power supply cable plug when the battery condition LED indicator is
a continuous green.
13.1.2
13.1.2.1
Using the stand-alone battery charger to charge the battery
Explanation
Type of signal
Explanation
The blue LED flashes.
The battery is being charged.
The blue LED glows continuously.
The battery is fully charged.
13.1.2.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Put the battery in the battery charger.
Connect the power supply cable plug to the connector on the battery charger.
Connect the power supply mains-electricity plug to a mains socket.
Disconnect the power supply cable plug when the blue LED on the battery charger is
continuous.
13.2 Turning on and turning off the camera
• Push the
button to turn on the camera.
• Push and hold the
button for less than 5 seconds to put the camera in standby
mode. The camera then automatically turns off after 6 hours.
• Push and hold the
button for more than 10 seconds to turn off the camera.
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Handling the camera
13.3 Adjusting the infrared camera focus
13.3.1
Figure
13.3.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Do one of the following:
• For far focus, rotate the focus ring clockwise (with the touch-screen LCD facing toward you).
• For near focus, rotate the focus ring counter-clockwise (with the touch-screen
LCD facing toward you).
Note Do not touch the lens surface when you adjust the infrared camera focus manually. If this happens, clean the lens according to the instructions in 26.2 Infrared lens,
page 132.
Note It is very important to adjust the focus correctly. Incorrect focus adjustment affects
how the image modes Thermal MSX, Thermal, and Picture-in-picture work. It also affects
the temperature measurement.
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Handling the camera
13.4 Operating the laser pointer
13.4.1
Figure
13.4.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. To turn on the laser pointer, push and hold the laser button.
2. To turn off the laser pointer, release the laser button.
Note
• A warning indicator is displayed on the screen when the laser pointer is turned on.
• The position of the laser dot is indicated on the infrared image (depending on the
camera model).
13.5 Removing the battery
Follow this procedure:
1. Push the latch on the battery compartment.
2. Open the battery cover.
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Handling the camera
3. Pull the transparent tape to lift out the battery.
13.6 Mounting an accessory lens
Follow this procedure:
1. Note the two indents on the front of the lens and the corresponding tabs on the lens
cap.
2. Use the lens cap from the accessory lens as a tool to remove the plastic front of the
lens. Rotate the plastic front 30° degrees counter-clockwise.
3. Note the index marks on the lens bayonet mount and on the replacement lens.
4. Carefully push the lens into position.
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Handling the camera
5. Rotate the lens 30° clockwise.
6. Turn on the camera.
7. Specify the lens under Settings > Add-on lens.
13.7 Calibrating the touchscreen
13.7.1
Figure
13.7.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Settings.
Push the navigation pad.
Select Device settings and push the navigation pad.
Select Setup camera and push the navigation pad.
Select Calibrate touchscreen and push the navigation pad.
Follow the on-screen instructions.
13.8 Using the camera lamp
13.8.1
General
The camera lamp can be used as a flash for the digital camera. When the flash function
is activated, the camera lamp will flash when an image is saved by pushing the Save
button.
The camera lamp can also be used as a flashlight.
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Handling the camera
13.8.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Lamp.
Push the navigation pad.
Do one of the following:
• To enable the flash function, select Flash and push the navigation pad.
• To turn on the camera lamp, select On and push the navigation pad.
• To disable the flash function and to turn off the camera lamp, select Off and push
the navigation pad.
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Working with images
14.1 Saving an image
14.1.1
General
You can save images to a memory card.
The camera saves an image file including all thermal and visual information. This means
that you can open an image file at a later time and, for example, select another image
mode, apply color alarms, and add measurement tools.
14.1.2
Image capacity
This table gives information on the approximate number of infrared (IR) and digital camera (DC) images that can be saved on memory cards:
Card size
IR only
IR + DC
IR + DC + 30 seconds
voice annotation
1 GB
5500
850
600
2 GB
11 000
1700
1200
14.1.3
Naming convention
The naming convention for images is FLIRxxxx.jpg, where xxxx is a unique counter.
14.1.4
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. To save an image, push the Save button.
Note
• Depending on the settings in the Settings > Save options dialog box, the following
may happen:
◦ A preview image is displayed before the image is saved.
◦ An annotation tool or the annotation menu is displayed when the image has been
saved.
14.2 Previewing an image
14.2.1
General
You can preview an image before you save it. This enables you to see if the image contains the information you want before you save it. You can also adjust and edit the image.
Note The camera must be configured to display a preview image before saving. Select
Settings> Save options > Preview image before saving = On.
14.2.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. To preview an image, push the Save button. This displays the preview.
2. Manual image adjust mode is now active, and the status icon
is displayed. For
image adjustment instructions, see 14.5 Adjusting an infrared image, page 32.
3. To edit the image, push the navigation pad. This displays a toolbar. For editing instructions, see 14.4 Editing a saved image, page 32.
4. Do one of the following:
• To save the image, push the Save button.
• To exit preview mode without saving, push the Back button
appears, asking you to cancel or save any changes.
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Working with images
14.3 Opening a saved image
14.3.1
General
When you save an image, the image is stored on a memory card. To display the image
again, open it from the memory card.
14.3.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Push
to open the image archive.
2. Push the navigation pad up/down or left/right to select the image you want to view.
3. Push the navigation pad to open the image.
4. Do one or more of the following:
• To switch between an infrared image and a visual image, push the navigation pad
up/down.
• To view the previous/next image, push the navigation pad left/right.
• To edit the image, add annotations, display information, or delete the image, push
the navigation pad. This displays a toolbar.
• To return to the image archive overview, push the Back button
5. Push the Back button
.
to leave the image archive.
14.4 Editing a saved image
14.4.1
General
You can edit a saved image. You can also edit an image in preview mode.
14.4.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Open the image in the image archive.
2. Push the navigation pad and select Edit from the toolbar.
3. Manual image adjust mode is now active, and the status icon
is displayed. For
image adjustment instructions, see 14.5 Adjusting an infrared image, page 32.
4. Push the navigation pad. This displays a toolbar.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Select Cancel to exit edit mode.
Select Measurement parameters to change the global parameters.
Select Image mode to change the image mode.
Select Measurement to add a measurement tool.
Select Color to change the color palette or set a color alarm.
Select Temperature scale to adjust the image.
Select Save to save and exit edit mode.
14.5 Adjusting an infrared image
14.5.1
General
An infrared image can be adjusted automatically or manually. When manual image adjust
mode is active, the status icon
is displayed.
• In live mode, select Temperature scale from the menu system to switch between automatic and manual image adjust modes.
• In live mode, you can also select manual image adjust mode by touching the minimum
or maximum temperature scale level on the screen.
• In preview/edit mode, manual image adjust mode is active.
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There are two different manual image adjust modes. Select the type of mode under Settings > Device settings > Set up camera > Level span mode.
• Level / span: This mode allows you to manually adjust the level and span of the temperature scale.
• Level / max / min: In this mode, you can manually adjust the temperature scale minimum and maximum limits, simultaneously or individually.
14.5.2
Example 1
Here are two infrared images of a building. In the left image, which is auto-adjusted, the
large temperature span between the clear sky and the heated building makes a correct
analysis difficult. You can analyze the building in more detail if you change the temperature scale to values close to the temperature of the building.
Automatic
14.5.3
Manual
Example 2
Here are two infrared images of an isolator in a power line. To make it easier to analyze
the temperature variations in the isolator, the temperature in the right image has been
changed to values close to the temperature of the isolator.
Automatic
14.5.4
Manual
Manual adjustment in Level / span mode
Note This procedure assumes that you have configured the camera to do manual image adjustments in Level / span mode. Select Settings > Device settings > Set up camera > Level span mode = Level / span.
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Temperature scale.
Push the navigation pad.
Select Manual and push the navigation pad.
Push the navigation pad up/down to increase/decrease the level.
Push the navigation pad right/left to increase/decrease the span.
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14.5.5
Manual adjustment in Level / max / min mode
Note This procedure assumes that you have configured the camera to do manual image adjustments in Level / max / min mode. Select Settings > Device settings > Set up
camera > Level span mode = Level / max / min.
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Temperature scale.
Push the navigation pad.
Select Manual and push the navigation pad.
To simultaneously change the temperature scale minimum and maximum limits, push
the navigation pad up/down.
6. To change the minimum limit or the maximum limit, do the following:
• Push the navigation pad left/right to select (highlight) the maximum or minimum
temperature.
• Push the navigation pad up/down to change the value of the highlighted
temperature.
14.6 Performing a non-uniformity correction (NUC)
14.6.1
What is a non-uniformity correction?
A non-uniformity correction is an image correction carried out by the camera software to
compensate for different sensitivities of detector elements and other optical and geometrical disturbances1.
14.6.2
When to perform a non-uniformity correction?
The non-uniformity correction process should be carried out whenever the output image
becomes spatially noisy. The output can become spatially noisy when the ambient temperature changes (such as from day to night operation, and vice versa).
14.6.3
Procedure
To perform a non-uniformity correction, push and hold the Image archive button
more than 2 seconds.
for
14.7 Changing the temperature range
14.7.1
General
You must change the temperature range according to the expected temperature of the
object you are inspecting.
14.7.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Settings.
Push the navigation pad.
Select Device settings and push the navigation pad.
Select Set up camera and push the navigation pad.
Select Camera temperature range and push the navigation pad.
Select the appropriate temperature range and push the navigation pad.
1. Definition from the impending international adoption of DIN 54190-3 (Non-destructive testing – Thermographic
testing – Part 3: Terms and definitions).
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14.8 Changing the color palette
14.8.1
General
You can change the color palette that the camera uses to display different temperatures.
A different palette can make it easier to analyze an image.
14.8.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Color.
Push the navigation pad.
Use the navigation pad to select a different color palette.
Push the navigation pad to confirm the choice.
Note Some color options hold specific meanings, such as acting as isotherms or
alarms. For more information, see section 17 Working with alarms, page 42.
14.9 Zooming in on an image
14.9.1
General
You can zoom in on an image using the camera’s digital zoom function. You can do this
on both live images and saved images.
14.9.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. To zoom in on an image, tap and hold your finger down on the screen. This displays
a zoom toolbar.
2. On the zoom toolbar, tap a zoom factor.
Once the zoom factor has been selected, it is displayed in the notification area at the
top of the screen.
14.10
Deleting an image
14.10.1
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Push
2.
3.
4.
5.
to open the image archive.
Push the navigation pad up/down or left/right to select the image you want to view.
Push the navigation pad to open the image.
Push the navigation pad to display a toolbar
On the toolbar, select Delete and push the navigation pad.
6. Push
to leave the image archive.
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14.11
14.11.1
Deleting all images
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Settings.
Push the navigation pad.
Select Device settings and push the navigation pad.
Select Reset options and push the navigation pad.
Select Delete all saved images and push the navigation pad.
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Working with image modes
15.1 General
You can choose between different image modes when capturing an image.
15.2 Types of image modes
These are the image modes you can choose from:
Thermal MSX (Multi Spectral Dynamic Imaging):
Using this mode, the camera captures infrared images where the edges of the objects are enhanced. Note that the label for each fuse is clearly
legible.
Thermal: Using this mode, the camera captures
an ordinary infrared image.
Picture-in-picture: Using this mode, the camera
captures an infrared image frame that is displayed
on top of a digital photo.
Digital camera: Using this mode, the camera captures an ordinary digital photo.
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Working with image modes
15.3 Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Image modes.
Push the navigation pad.
Select one of the following image modes:
•
•
•
•
Thermal MSX.
Thermal.
Picture-in-picture.
Digital camera.
Note The data for all image modes are saved when saving an image. Therefore, if you
open an image in, e.g., FLIR Tools or in the image archive you can still change the image
mode.
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Working with measurement tools
16.1 Laying out measurement tools in live mode
16.1.1
General
To measure a temperature, you use one or more measurement tools, e.g., a spotmeter
or a box. The camera is equipped with a number of preset measurement tools.
16.1.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
2. Use the navigation pad to go to Measurement.
3. Push the navigation pad. This displays a measurement toolbar.
4. On the toolbar, select one of the following and push the navigation pad:
•
•
•
•
•
•
No measurements: Clears all measurement tools from the screen.
Center spot: A centered spotmeter on the screen.
Hot spot: A moving spotmeter indicating the hottest temperature within a box.
Cold spot: A moving spotmeter indicating the coldest temperature within a box.
3 spots: Three spots vertically centered.
Hot spot - Spot: The temperature difference between the hot spotmeter and the
spotmeter.
• Hot spot - Temp: The temperature difference between the hot spotmeter and a set
temperature.
16.2 Laying out measurement tools in edit mode
16.2.1
General
You lay out measurement tools in recall mode by opening an image in the image archive.
16.2.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Push
to open the image archive.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Push the navigation pad up/down or left/right to select the image you want to view.
Push the navigation pad to open the image.
Push the navigation pad to display a toolbar.
On the toolbar, select Edit and push the navigation pad. This opens the image in edit
mode.
6. Push the navigation pad to display a toolbar.
7. On the toolbar, select Measurement. This displays a toolbar.
8. On the toolbar, select one of the following and push the navigation pad:
• Add spot: Adds a spotmeter.
• Add box: Adds a box.
• Add delta: Adds a difference calculation for two measurement tools.
9. Push the Back button to leave edit mode. A dialog box appears, asking you to cancel
or save any changes.
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Working with measurement tools
16.3 Moving and resizing measurement tools
16.3.1
General
You can move and resize measurement tools in various ways.
16.3.2
Procedure
Note
• This procedure assumes that you have previously laid out a measurement tool on the
screen.
• You can also move and resize the measurement tool by touching the screen.
Follow this procedure:
1. To select the measurement tool, touch the tool on the screen. The tool is now displayed with one or more handles.
Spot measurement tool:
Area measurement tool:
2. Push the navigation pad. This displays a toolbar.
• Select Resize to change the size of the tool.
• Select Move to move the tool.
• Select Center to move the tool to the center of the screen.
3. Push the navigation pad up/down and left/right to resize or move the tool.
4. When completed, push the navigation pad and select Done.
16.4 Displaying maximum, minimum, and average values
16.4.1
General
For the box tools, including the hot spot and the cold spot tools, you can set the camera
to display the maximum, minimum, and average values. You can also display markers indicating the maximum and minimum values in the box.
16.4.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. To select the measurement tool, touch the tool on the screen. The tool is now displayed with one or more handles.
2. Push the navigation pad. This displays a toolbar.
3. Use the navigation pad to go to Max/Min/Avg/Alarm.
4. Push the navigation pad. This displays a toolbar.
•
•
•
•
Select Max and push the navigation pad to display the maximum value.
Select Min and push the navigation pad to display the minimum value.
Select Avg and push the navigation pad to display the average value.
Select Max & min markers and push the navigation pad to display markers for the
maximum and minimum values.
5. When completed, push the navigation pad down to close the upper toolbar.
6. Select Done and push the navigation pad.
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16.5 Setting local measurement parameters for a measurement tool
16.5.1
General
When you set measurement parameters under Settings, all the parameters for the whole
image are changed.
However, in some situations you may want to change a measurement parameter for one
measurement tool only. The reason for this could be that the measurement tool is in front
of a significantly more reflective surface than other surfaces in the image, or over an object that is further away than the rest of the objects in the image, and so on.
For more information about object parameters, see section 22.3.1 Measurement parameters, page 49.
16.5.2
Procedure
Note This procedure assumes that you have laid out a measurement tool on the
screen.
Follow this procedure:
1. To select the measurement tool, touch the tool on the screen. The tool is now displayed with one or more handles.
2. Push the navigation pad. This displays a toolbar.
3. Use the navigation pad to go to Use local parameters
4. Push the navigation pad.
.
(icon with grey indicator) is displayed.
5. Push the navigation pad to activate the use of local parameters.
blue indicator) is displayed together with a toolbar.
6. Select an object parameter:
(icon with
• Emissivity.
• Reflected temperature.
• Object distance.
7. Push the navigation pad to display a dialog box.
8. Push the navigation pad up/down to change the parameter.
9. When completed, push the navigation pad.
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Working with alarms
17.1 Working with color alarms
17.1.1
General
A color alarm applies a contrasting color to all pixels with a temperature above, below, or
between one or more set temperature levels.
Using a color alarm is a good method to easily discover anomalies in an infrared image.
17.1.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
2. Use the navigation pad to go to Color.
3. Push the navigation pad. This displays a color toolbar.
4. On the toolbar, select one of the following and push the navigation pad:
• Above alarm: A color alarm that colorizes all parts of the image that are above a
set temperature level. Use the navigation pad to change the temperature.
• Below alarm: A color alarm that colorizes all parts of the image that are below a
set temperature level. Use the navigation pad to change the temperature.
• Interval alarm: An interval color alarm that colorizes all parts of the image that fall
between two set temperature levels. Use the navigation pad to change the temperature levels.
17.2 Working with insulation alarms
17.2.1
General
The Insulation alarm can detect areas where there may be an insulation deficiency in a
building. It will trigger when the insulation level (termed the thermal index in the camera
menu) falls below or above a preset value of the energy leakage through a wall (depending on the climate conditions).
Different building codes recommend different values for the insulation level, but typical
values are 60–80% for new buildings. Refer to your national building code for
recommendations.
17.2.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
2. Use the navigation pad to go to Color.
3. Push the navigation pad.
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4. Use the navigation pad to select Insulation alarm. This displays a dialog box.
5. Use the navigation pad to set the following parameters:
• Indoor temperature: The current indoor temperature.
• Outdoor temperature: The current outdoor temperature.
• Thermal index: The insulation level, an integer between 0 and 100.
17.3 Working with condensation alarms
17.3.1
General
The Condensation alarm can detect areas with potential moisture problems. You can set
the relative humidity above which the camera will colorize the image.
17.3.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Color.
Push the navigation pad.
Use the navigation pad to select Condensation alarm. This displays a dialog box.
5. Use the navigation pad to set the following parameters:
• Atmospheric temperature: The current atmospheric temperature.
• Relative humidity: The current relative humidity.
• Relative humidity limit: The relative humidity level at which you want the alarm to
be triggered—100% indicates that the water vapor condenses as liquid water (=
dewpoint).
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Fetching data from external FLIR
meters
18.1 General
You can fetch data from an external FLIR meter and add this data to the infrared image.
When the camera is connected to a FLIR meter via Bluetooth, the measurement value
from the meter is displayed in the result table of the camera. The FLIR meter value is also
added to the information saved in the image file.
18.2 Supported meters
•
•
•
•
FLIR CM78
FLIR CM83
FLIR DM93
FLIR MR77
18.3 Technical support for external meters
Website
http://www.flir.com/test
Technical support
TMSupport@flir.com
Repairs
Repair@flir.com
Phone number
+1 855-499-3662 (toll-free)
18.4 Procedure
Note This procedure assumes that you have paired the Bluetooth devices. For more information, see section 11 Pairing Bluetooth devices, page 23.
Follow this procedure:
1. Turn on the camera.
2. Turn on the FLIR meter.
3. On the meter, enable Bluetooth mode. Refer to the user documentation for the meter
for information on how to do this.
4. On the meter, choose the quantity that you want to use (voltage, current, resistance,
etc.). Refer to the user documentation for the meter for information on how to do this.
Results from the meter will now automatically be displayed in the result table in the
top left corner of the infrared camera screen.
18.5 Typical moisture measurement and documentation procedure
18.5.1
General
The following procedure can form the basis for other procedures using FLIR meters and
infrared cameras.
18.5.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Use the infrared camera to identify any potential damp areas behind walls and
ceilings.
2. Use the moisture meter to measure the moisture levels at various suspect locations
that may have been found.
3. When an area of particular interest is located, store the moisture reading in the moisture meter’s memory and identify the measurement area with a handprint or other
thermal identifying marker.
4. Recall the reading from the meter memory. The moisture meter will now continuously
transmit this reading to the infrared camera.
5. Use the camera to take a thermal image of the area with the identifying marker. The
stored data from the moisture meter will also be saved on the image.
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Annotating images
19.1 General
This section describes how to save additional information together with an infrared image
by using annotations.
Using annotations makes reporting and post-processing more efficient by providing essential information about the image or the situation when it was taken.
• You can set the camera to display annotation tools when an image is saved. For more
information, see section 22.3.2.2 Add annotation after saving, page 50.
• You can also add annotations to a saved image in the image archive.
Note This section describes the procedures for adding annotations to a saved image
in the image archive. Adding annotations when saving an image works in a similar way.
19.2 Adding a note
19.2.1
General
A text note is grouped with the image file. Using this feature, you can annotate images by
entering free-form text.
19.2.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Push
to open the image archive.
2. Push the navigation pad up/down or left/right to select the image to which you want to
add a text annotation.
3. Push the navigation pad to open the image.
4. Push the navigation pad to display a toolbar.
5. On the toolbar, select Add note and push the navigation pad. This displays a soft keyboard where you can enter the text you want to save.
Note To select special characters, press and hold down the corresponding key on
the soft keyboard.
6. When completed, touch Done on the soft keyboard. After the note is saved, a note
icon is displayed in the bottom right corner of the image.
19.3 Adding a table
19.3.1
General
You can save a table with textual information to the image file. This feature is a very efficient way of recording information when you are inspecting a large number of similar objects. The idea behind using a table with textual information is to avoid filling out forms or
inspection protocols manually.
The camera has a number of default table templates. You can also import your own table
templates from FLIR Tools. The templates are stored on the memory card.
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19.3.2
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Push
to open the image archive.
2. Push the navigation pad up/down or left/right to select the image to which you want to
add a table annotation.
3. Push the navigation pad to open the image.
4. Push the navigation pad to display a toolbar.
5. On the toolbar, select Add table and push the navigation pad.
6. Select Add table contents and push the navigation pad. This displays the default
template.
Note
You can select another template by first selecting Select default template.
7. For each row in the table, do the following:
• Push the navigation pad. This displays the predefined values.
• Push the navigation pad up/down to select a predefined value. Push the navigation pad to confirm.
• Instead of selecting a predefined value, you can select the keyboard
other text.
and enter
8. When completed, select Save & Exit at the bottom of the table. Push the navigation
pad to confirm.
19.4 Adding a voice annotation
19.4.1
General
A voice annotation is an audio recording that is stored in an infrared image file.
The voice annotation is recorded using a Bluetooth headset. The recording can be
played back in the camera, and in image analysis and reporting software from FLIR
Systems.
19.4.2
Procedure
Note This procedure assumes that you have paired the camera with a Bluetooth headset. For information on how to do this, see section 11 Pairing Bluetooth devices, page 23.
Follow this procedure:
1. Push
to open the image archive.
2. Push the navigation pad up/down or left/right to select the image to which you want to
add a voice annotation.
3. Push the navigation pad to open the image.
4. Push the navigation pad to display a toolbar.
5. On the toolbar, select Add voice annotation and push the navigation pad. This displays a recording toolbar.
6. Select Record and push the navigation pad to start a recording.
7. Select Stop and push the navigation pad to stop the recording.
8. Select Play and push the navigation pad to listen to the recording.
9. Select Delete and push the navigation pad to delete the recording.
10. When completed, select Done and push the navigation pad.
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Recording video clips
20.1 General
You can record non-radiometric video clips in the following image modes:
•
•
•
•
Thermal MSX.
Thermal.
Picture-in-picture.
Digital camera.
The video clips can be played back in Microsoft Windows Media Player, but it will not be
possible to retrieve any temperature values from them.
20.2 Procedure: Recording a video clip
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Recording mode.
Push the navigation pad.
Select Video and push the navigation pad.
Push the Save button to start the recording. A red icon at the top of the image blinks
during the recording.
6. Push the Save button again to stop the recording.
20.3 Procedure: Playing a video clip
Follow this procedure:
1. Push
to open the image archive.
2. Push the navigation pad up/down or left/right to select the video clip that you want to
play.
3. Push the navigation pad to open the video clip.
4. Push the navigation pad to display a toolbar.
5. On the toolbar, select Play and push the navigation pad.
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Screening alarm
21.1 General
The screening alarm can be used, for example, at airports to detect passengers with elevated body temperatures, which may indicate the presence of a fever.
Activating the screening alarm will turn on a measurement box and screening data in the
result table.
The sampled average temperature.
The alarm temperature.
The measured temperature.
The alarm will trigger when the measurement box measures a temperature higher than
the alarm temperature. The alarm temperature is, in turn, the sum of a specified allowed
deviation and a sampled average value.
21.2 Procedure
NOTE
•
The screening mode must be enabled. Select
Screening mode = On.
•
The screening alarm deactivates any setting that puts the camera in standby mode.
(Settings) > Device settings > Set up camera >
Follow this procedure:
1. Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
2. Use the navigation pad to go to
(Recording mode).
3. Push the navigation pad. This displays a submenu.
4. Select
(Screening).
5. Push the navigation pad. This displays a dialog box where you can define the settings
for the alarm.
• Allowed deviation: The allowed deviation from the sampled average.
• Alarm sound: Applicable values are Beep or No sound.
6. Push the navigation pad. This closes the dialog box.
7. Aim the camera toward a point of interest. The object should be within the frame of
the measurement box.
8. Tap and hold the
icon to reset the sampled average.
9. Tap the
icon to sample.
10. Aim the camera toward more points of interest. Sample 10 times to build up a sample
base by tapping the
icon.
The alarm is now set up and ready to use. Occasionally record a few samples if the
alarm is used for a long time or if the conditions change.
NOTE
•
•
The algorithm has a memory of the last 10 samples. It discriminates between the highest and lowest
values, and calculates an average of the remaining values.
Do not modify the measurement setup or activate another alarm because this will deactivate the
screening alarm.
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Changing settings
22.1 General
You can change a variety of settings in the camera. You do this in the Settings dialog box.
22.2 Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Push the navigation pad to display the menu system.
Use the navigation pad to go to Settings.
Push the navigation pad.
Select the setting you want to change. By selecting some settings, additional dialog
boxes are displayed.
5. Use the navigation pad to navigate in menus or change values.
6. Push
to go back.
22.3 Description of the various settings
22.3.1
Measurement parameters
22.3.1.1
General
For accurate measurements, you must set the object parameters.
22.3.1.2
Types of parameters
The camera can use these object parameters:
• Emissivity, i.e., how much radiation an object emits, compared with the radiation of a
theoretical reference object of the same temperature (called a “blackbody”). The opposite of emissivity is reflectivity. The emissivity determines how much of the radiation
originates from the object as opposed to being reflected by it.
• Reflected temperature, which is used when compensating for the radiation from the
surroundings reflected by the object into the camera. This property of the object is
called reflectivity.
• Distance, i.e., the distance between the camera and the object of interest.
• Relative humidity, i.e., the relative humidity of the air between the camera and the object of interest.
• Atmospheric temperature, i.e., the temperature of the air between the camera and the
object of interest.
• Window compensation, i.e., the temperature of any protective windows, etc., that are
set up between the camera and the object of interest. If no protective window or protective shield is used, this value is irrelevant and should be left inactive.
22.3.1.3
Recommended values
If you are unsure about the values, the following are recommended:
Emissivity
0.95
Reflected temperature
+20°C (+69°F)
Distance
1.0 m (3.3 ft.)
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Changing settings
Relative humidity
50%
Atmospheric temperature
+20°C (+69°F)
22.3.2
Save options
22.3.2.1
Preview image before saving
Preview image before saving: This setting defines if a preview image will be displayed
before the image is saved.
22.3.2.2
Add annotation after saving
Add annotation after saving: This setting defines if an annotation tool will be displayed
when the image has been saved. Available options are:
• Save: No annotation tool is displayed.
• Save & add note: The note annotation tool is displayed.
• Save & add table: The table annotation tool is displayed. This setting also allows you
to define the type of table. Available options are Inspection - default, Text field - default, and SEC. You can also create your own table in FLIR Tools and upload it to the
camera.
• Save & add voice annotation: The voice annotation tool is displayed.
• Save & add any annotation: The annotation tool menu is displayed.
22.3.2.3
Photo as separate JPEG
Photo as separate JPEG: This setting defines if a digital photo will be saved as a separate file with a full field of view. If this setting is disabled, the digital photo will be saved
with the same field of view as the infrared image.
22.3.3
Add-on lens
This setting defines which accessory lens has been mounted on the camera. Available
choices are None, FOV X (serial number).
22.3.4
Device settings
22.3.4.1
22.3.4.1.1
Set up camera
Camera temperature range
This setting defines the camera’s calibrated temperature range. Different camera models
have different temperature ranges. Select a range that suits your measurement situation.
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Changing settings
22.3.4.1.2
Auto orientation
This setting defines whether Auto orientation is enabled or disabled. When Auto orientation is enabled, the orientation of the overlay graphics will change according to how you
hold the camera.
22.3.4.1.3
Display intensity
This setting defines the light intensity of the display. Available options are Low, Medium,
and High.
22.3.4.1.4
Auto power off
This setting defines how soon the camera is automatically turned off. Available choices
are Off, 5 min, and 20 min.
22.3.4.1.5
Video output format
This setting defines the video output format from the video out connector (i.e., the TV format). Available choices are PAL and NTSC.
22.3.4.1.6
Level span mode
This setting specifies the type of manual image adjust mode. Available options are Level
/ max / min and Level / span. For more information, see section 14.5 Adjusting an infrared image, page 32.
22.3.4.1.7
Calibrate touchscreen
This setting allows calibration of the touchscreen. For more information, see section 13.7
Calibrating the touchscreen, page 29.
22.3.4.2
Wi-Fi
This setting defines Wi-Fi networks. For more information, see section 12 Configuring
Wi-Fi, page 24.
22.3.4.3
Bluetooth including METERLiNK
This setting defines Bluetooth connectivity. For more information, see section 11 Pairing
Bluetooth devices, page 23.
22.3.4.4
Language, time, and units
This setting defines a number of regional parameters:
•
•
•
•
•
Language.
Temperature unit.
Distance unit.
Date and time.
Date and time format.
22.3.4.5
Reset options
This setting defines a number or reset options:
• Reset default camera mode: This will affect color palettes and measurement tools.
Saved images will not be affected.
• Reset device settings to factory default: This will affect all camera settings, including
regional settings. Saved images will not be affected. The camera will be restarted.
• Delete all saved images: This setting will delete all saved images in the image archive.
22.3.4.6
Camera information
This dialog displays camera information such as the model, serial number, part number,
and software version. No changes can be made.
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Technical data
23.1 Online field-of-view calculator
Please visit http://support.flir.com and click the photo of the camera series for field-ofview tables for all lens–camera combinations.
23.2 Note about technical data
FLIR Systems reserves the right to change specifications at any time without prior notice.
Please check http://support.flir.com for latest changes.
23.3 Note about authoritative versions
The authoritative version of this publication is English. In the event of divergences due to
translation errors, the English text has precedence.
Any late changes are first implemented in English.
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Technical data
23.4 FLIR E33
P/N: 64502-0801
Rev.: 35207
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen. A FLIR
Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but feature-rich camera at an
affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
160 × 120 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
< 0.07°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 70 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
2.72 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2× and 4×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
Accuracy
•
•
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
0°C to +650°C (+32°F to +1202°F)
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
3
Area
Box with max./min./average
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot or cold spotmeter markers within area
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Technical data
Measurement analysis
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Reference temperature
Manually set or captured from any measurement
function
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
External optics/windows correction
Automatic, based on inputs of optics/window
transmission and temperature
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Text
Report generation
Text from predefined list or soft keyboard on touch
screen
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
Laser classification
Class 2
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
SD Card
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One card slot for removable SD memory cards
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Technical data
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 h to 90% capacity, charging status indicated by
LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
Humidity (operating and storage)
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
EMC
•
•
•
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
Magnetic fields
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
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Technical data
Physical data
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery
Handstrap
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.2 kg (11.5 lb.)
Packaging, size
500 × 190 × 370 mm (19.7 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254001206
UPC-12
845188005238
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
1910582ACC; Video cable
T911093; Tool belt
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
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Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
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Technical data
23.5 FLIR E40
P/N: 64502-1001
Rev.: 35207
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen. A FLIR
Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but feature-rich camera at an
affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
160 × 120 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
< 0.07°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 70 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
2.72 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
Accuracy
•
•
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
0°C to +650°C (+32°F to +1202°F)
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
3
Area
3 boxes with max./min./average
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot or cold spotmeter markers within area
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Technical data
Measurement analysis
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Reference temperature
Manually set or captured from any measurement
function
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
External optics/windows correction
Automatic, based on inputs of optics/window
transmission and temperature
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Text
Report generation
Text from predefined list or soft keyboard on touch
screen
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
Laser classification
Class 2
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
SD Card
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One card slot for removable SD memory cards
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Technical data
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 h to 90% capacity, charging status indicated by
LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
Humidity (operating and storage)
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
EMC
•
•
•
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
Magnetic fields
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
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Technical data
Physical data
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery
Handstrap
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.2 kg (11.5 lb.)
Packaging, size
500 × 190 × 370 mm (19.7 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254001220
UPC-12
845188005252
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
1910582ACC; Video cable
T911093; Tool belt
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
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Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
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Technical data
23.6 FLIR E40 (incl. Wi-Fi)
P/N: 64501-0101
Rev.: 35207
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen and wireless connectivity. A FLIR Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but
feature-rich camera at an affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Easy communication: The Wi-Fi connectivity of the FLIR Exx series cameras allows you to connect
to smart phones and tablets, for the wireless transfer of images or the remote control of the camera.
The Bluetooth-based METERLiNK function transfers readings from external measurement instruments to the infrared image.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
160 × 120 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
<0.07°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 70 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
2.72 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
Accuracy
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
•
•
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
0°C to +650°C (+32°F to +1202°F)
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
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Technical data
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
3
Area
3 boxes with max./min./average
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot or cold spotmeter markers within area
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Reference temperature
Manually set or captured from any measurement
function
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
External optics/windows correction
Automatic, based on inputs of optics/window
transmission and temperature
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Voice
60 seconds (via Bluetooth)
Text
Text from predefined list or soft keyboard on touch
screen
METERLiNK
Wireless connection (Bluetooth) to:
FLIR meters with METERLiNK
Report generation
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
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Technical data
Laser pointer
Laser classification
Class 2
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
Wi-Fi
Peer-to-peer (ad hoc) or infrastructure (network)
SD Card
One card slot for removable SD memory cards
Audio
Microphone headset via Bluetooth for voice annotation of images
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Radio
Wi-Fi
Standard: 802.11 b/g
Frequency range: 2412–2462 MHz
Max. output power: 15 dBm
Bluetooth
Frequency range: 2402–2480 MHz
Antenna
Internal
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 h to 90% capacity, charging status indicated by
LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
Environmental data
Humidity (operating and storage)
EMC
Radio spectrum
Magnetic fields
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
•
•
•
•
•
•
ETSI EN 301 489-1 (radio)
ETSI EN 301 489-17
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
ICES-003
•
•
•
ETSI EN 300 328
FCC Part 15.247
RSS-210
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery
Handstrap
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.2 kg (11.5 lb.)
Packaging, size
500 × 190 × 370 mm (19.7 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254001138
UPC-12
845188005160
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
1910582ACC; Video cable
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
T197771ACC; Bluetooth Headset
T911093; Tool belt
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
APP-10002; FLIR Tools Mobile (Android Application)
APP-10004; FLIR Tools (MacOS Application)
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
23.7 FLIR E40 with SC kit (incl. Wi-Fi and 45° lens)
P/N: 64501-0103
Rev.: 35207
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen and wireless connectivity. A FLIR Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but
feature-rich camera at an affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Easy communication: The Wi-Fi connectivity of the FLIR Exx series cameras allows you to connect
to smart phones and tablets, for the wireless transfer of images or the remote control of the camera.
The Bluetooth-based METERLiNK function transfers readings from external measurement instruments to the infrared image.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
160 × 120 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
< 0.07°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 70 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
2.72 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
Accuracy
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
•
•
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
0°C to +650°C (+32°F to +1202°F)
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
68
23
Technical data
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
3
Area
3 boxes with max./min./average
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot or cold spotmeter markers within area
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Reference temperature
Manually set or captured from any measurement
function
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
External optics/windows correction
Automatic, based on inputs of optics/window
transmission and temperature
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Text
Report generation
Text from predefined list or soft keyboard on touch
screen
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
Laser classification
Class 2
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
Laser pointer
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
Wi-Fi
Peer-to-peer (ad hoc) or infrastructure (network)
SD Card
One card slot for removable SD memory cards
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 h to 90% capacity, charging status indicated by
LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
Humidity (operating and storage)
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
EMC
•
•
•
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
Magnetic fields
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
Environmental data
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery
FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4
Handstrap
IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.7 kg (12.6 lb.)
Packaging, size
630 × 190 × 370 mm (24.8 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254001558
UPC-12
845188008932
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
1910582ACC; Video cable
T911093; Tool belt
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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23
Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
23.8 FLIR E40 with SC kit (incl. Wi-Fi)
P/N: 64501-0114
Rev.: 35207
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen and wireless connectivity. A FLIR Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but
feature-rich camera at an affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Easy communication: The Wi-Fi connectivity of the FLIR Exx series cameras allows you to connect
to smart phones and tablets, for the wireless transfer of images or the remote control of the camera.
The Bluetooth-based METERLiNK function transfers readings from external measurement instruments to the infrared image.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
160 × 120 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
< 0.07°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 70 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
2.72 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
Accuracy
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
•
•
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
0°C to +650°C (+32°F to +1202°F)
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
73
23
Technical data
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
3
Area
3 boxes with max./min./average
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot or cold spotmeter markers within area
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Reference temperature
Manually set or captured from any measurement
function
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
External optics/windows correction
Automatic, based on inputs of optics/window
transmission and temperature
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Text
Report generation
Text from predefined list or soft keyboard on touch
screen
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
Laser classification
Class 2
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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23
Technical data
Laser pointer
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
Wi-Fi
Peer-to-peer (ad hoc) or infrastructure (network)
SD Card
One card slot for removable SD memory cards
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 h to 90% capacity, charging status indicated by
LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
Humidity (operating and storage)
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
EMC
•
•
•
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
Magnetic fields
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
75
23
Technical data
Environmental data
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery
FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4
Handstrap
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.7 kg (12.6 lb.)
Packaging, size
630 × 190 × 370 mm (24.8 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254002043
UPC-12
845188011208
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
1910582ACC; Video cable
T911093; Tool belt
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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23
Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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23
Technical data
23.9 FLIR E40bx (incl. Wi-Fi)
P/N: 64501-0501
Rev.: 37541
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen and wireless connectivity. A FLIR Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but
feature-rich camera at an affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Easy communication: The Wi-Fi connectivity of the FLIR Exx series cameras allows you to connect
to smart phones and tablets, for the wireless transfer of images or the remote control of the camera.
The Bluetooth-based METERLiNK function transfers readings from external measurement instruments to the infrared image.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
160 × 120 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
< 0.045°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 45 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
2.72 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
Accuracy
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
3
Area
3 boxes with max./min./average
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Technical data
Measurement analysis
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot or cold spotmeter markers within area
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Alarm
Screening
Yes
Humidity alarm
1 humidity alarm, including dew point alarm
Insulation alarm
1 insulation alarm
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Voice
60 seconds (via Bluetooth)
Text
Text from predefined list or soft keyboard on touch
screen
METERLiNK
Wireless connection (Bluetooth) to:
FLIR meters with METERLiNK
Report generation
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
Laser classification
Class 2
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Technical data
Laser pointer
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
Wi-Fi
Peer to peer (ad hoc) or infrastructure (network)
SD Card
One card slot for removable SD memory cards
Audio
Microphone headset via Bluetooth for voice annotation of images
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Radio
Wi-Fi
•
•
•
Standard: 802.11 b/g
Frequency range: 2412–2462 MHz
Max. output power: 15 dBm
Bluetooth
Frequency range: 2402–2480 MHz
Antenna
Internal
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 h to 90% capacity, charging status indicated by
LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
Humidity (operating and storage)
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
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Technical data
Environmental data
EMC
Radio spectrum
Magnetic fields
•
•
•
•
•
•
ETSI EN 301 489-1 (radio)
ETSI EN 301 489-17
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
ICES-003
•
•
•
ETSI EN 300 328
FCC Part 15.247
RSS-210
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery
Handstrap
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.2 kg (11.5 lb.)
Packaging, size
500 × 190 × 370 mm (19.7 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254001176
UPC-12
845188005207
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
1910582ACC; Video cable
T197771ACC; Bluetooth Headset
T911093; Tool belt
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Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
APP-10002; FLIR Tools Mobile (Android Application)
APP-10004; FLIR Tools (MacOS Application)
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
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Technical data
23.10
FLIR E50
P/N: 64502-1101
Rev.: 35207
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen. A FLIR
Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but feature-rich camera at an
affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
240 × 180 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
< 0.05°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 50 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
1.82 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2× and 4×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
Scalable IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
Accuracy
•
•
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
0°C to +650°C (+32°F to +1202°F)
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
3
Area
3 boxes with max./min./average
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot or cold spotmeter markers within area
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Technical data
Measurement analysis
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Reference temperature
Manually set or captured from any measurement
function
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
External optics/windows correction
Automatic, based on inputs of optics/window
transmission and temperature
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Text
Report generation
Text from predefined list or soft keyboard on touch
screen
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
Laser classification
Class 2
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
SD Card
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One card slot for removable SD memory cards
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Technical data
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 h to 90% capacity, charging status indicated by
LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
Humidity (operating and storage)
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
EMC
•
•
•
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
Magnetic fields
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
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Technical data
Physical data
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery
Handstrap
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.2 kg (11.5 lb.)
Packaging, size
500 × 190 × 370 mm (19.7 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254001237
UPC-12
845188005269
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
1910582ACC; Video cable
T911093; Tool belt
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
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Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
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Technical data
23.11
FLIR E50 (incl. Wi-Fi)
P/N: 64501-0201
Rev.: 35207
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen and wireless connectivity. A FLIR Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but
feature-rich camera at an affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Easy communication: The Wi-Fi connectivity of the FLIR Exx series cameras allows you to connect
to smart phones and tablets, for the wireless transfer of images or the remote control of the camera.
The Bluetooth-based METERLiNK function transfers readings from external measurement instruments to the infrared image.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
240 × 180 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
< 0.05°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 50 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
1.82 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2× and 4×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
Scalable IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
Accuracy
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
•
•
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
0°C to +650°C (+32°F to +1202°F)
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
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Technical data
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
3
Area
3 boxes with max./min./average
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot or cold spotmeter markers within area
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Reference temperature
Manually set or captured from any measurement
function
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
External optics/windows correction
Automatic, based on inputs of optics/window
transmission and temperature
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Voice
60 seconds (via Bluetooth)
Text
Text from predefined list or soft keyboard on touch
screen
METERLiNK
Wireless connection (Bluetooth) to:
FLIR meters with METERLiNK
Report generation
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
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Technical data
Laser pointer
Laser classification
Class 2
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
Wi-Fi
Peer to peer (ad hoc) or infrastructure (network)
SD Card
One card slot for removable SD memory cards
Audio
Microphone headset via Bluetooth for voice annotation of images
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Radio
Wi-Fi
•
•
•
Standard: 802.11 b/g
Frequency range: 2412–2462 MHz
Max. output power: 15 dBm
Bluetooth
Frequency range: 2402–2480 MHz
Antenna
Internal
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 h to 90% capacity, charging status indicated by
LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
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Technical data
Environmental data
Humidity (operating and storage)
EMC
Radio spectrum
Magnetic fields
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
•
•
•
•
•
•
ETSI EN 301 489-1 (radio)
ETSI EN 301 489-17
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
ICES-003
•
•
•
ETSI EN 300 328
FCC Part 15.247
RSS-210
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery
Handstrap
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.2 kg (11.5 lb.)
Packaging, size
500 × 190 × 370 mm (19.7 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254001145
UPC-12
845188005177
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
1910582ACC; Video cable
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Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
T197771ACC; Bluetooth Headset
T911093; Tool belt
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
APP-10002; FLIR Tools Mobile (Android Application)
APP-10004; FLIR Tools (MacOS Application)
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
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Technical data
23.12
FLIR E50bx (incl. Wi-Fi)
P/N: 64501-0601
Rev.: 37542
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen and wireless connectivity. A FLIR Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but
feature-rich camera at an affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Easy communication: The Wi-Fi connectivity of the FLIR Exx series cameras allows you to connect
to smart phones and tablets, for the wireless transfer of images or the remote control of the camera.
The Bluetooth-based METERLiNK function transfers readings from external measurement instruments to the infrared image.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
240 × 180 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
< 0.045°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 45 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
1.82 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2× and 4×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
Scalable IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
Accuracy
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
3
Area
3 boxes with max./min./average
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Technical data
Measurement analysis
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot or cold spotmeter markers within area
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Reference temperature
Manually set or captured from any measurement
function
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Alarm
Screening
Yes
Humidity alarm
1 humidity alarm, including dew point alarm
Insulation alarm
1 insulation alarm
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Voice
60 seconds (via Bluetooth)
Text
Text from predefined list or soft keyboard on touch
screen
METERLiNK
Wireless connection (Bluetooth) to:
FLIR meters with METERLiNK
Report generation
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
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Technical data
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
Laser classification
Class 2
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
Wi-Fi
Peer to peer (ad hoc) or infrastructure (network)
SD Card
One card slot for removable SD memory cards
Audio
Microphone headset via Bluetooth for voice annotation of images
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Radio
Wi-Fi
•
•
•
Standard: 802.11 b/g
Frequency range: 2412–2462 MHz
Max. output power: 15 dBm
Bluetooth
Frequency range: 2402–2480 MHz
Antenna
Internal
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 h to 90% capacity, charging status indicated by
LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
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Technical data
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
Humidity (operating and storage)
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
EMC
Radio spectrum
•
•
•
•
•
•
ETSI EN 301 489-1 (radio)
ETSI EN 301 489-17
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
ICES-003
•
•
•
ETSI EN 300 328
FCC Part 15.247
RSS-210
Magnetic fields
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery
Handstrap
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.2 kg (11.5 lb.)
Packaging, size
500 × 190 × 370 mm (19.7 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254001183
UPC-12
845188005214
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
•
•
•
•
1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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23
Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
1910582ACC; Video cable
T197771ACC; Bluetooth Headset
T911093; Tool belt
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
APP-10002; FLIR Tools Mobile (Android Application)
APP-10004; FLIR Tools (MacOS Application)
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
23.13
FLIR E60
P/N: 64502-1202
Rev.: 35207
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen. A FLIR
Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but feature-rich camera at an
affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
320 × 240 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
< 0.05°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 50 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
1.36 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2× and 4×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
Scalable IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
Accuracy
•
•
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
0°C to +650°C (+32°F to +1202°F)
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
3
Area
3 boxes with max./min./average
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot or cold spotmeter markers within area
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Technical data
Measurement analysis
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Reference temperature
Manually set or captured from any measurement
function
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
External optics/windows correction
Automatic, based on inputs of optics/window
transmission and temperature
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Text
Report generation
Text from predefined list or soft keyboard on touch
screen
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
Laser classification
Class 2
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
SD Card
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
One card slot for removable SD memory cards
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23
Technical data
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 h to 90% capacity, charging status indicated by
LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
Humidity (operating and storage)
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
EMC
•
•
•
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
Magnetic fields
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
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Technical data
Physical data
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery (2 ea.)
Battery charger
Handstrap
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.5 kg (12.1 lb.)
Packaging, size
500 × 190 × 370 mm (19.7 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254001244
UPC-12
845188005276
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
1910582ACC; Video cable
T911093; Tool belt
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
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Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
•
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
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Technical data
23.14
FLIR E60 (incl. Wi-Fi)
P/N: 64501-0302
Rev.: 35207
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen and wireless connectivity. A FLIR Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but
feature-rich camera at an affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Easy communication: The Wi-Fi connectivity of the FLIR Exx series cameras allows you to connect
to smart phones and tablets, for the wireless transfer of images or the remote control of the camera.
The Bluetooth-based METERLiNK function transfers readings from external measurement instruments to the infrared image.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
320 × 240 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
< 0.05°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 50 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
1.36 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2× and 4×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
Scalable IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
Accuracy
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
•
•
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
0°C to +650°C (+32°F to +1202°F)
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
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Technical data
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
3
Area
3 boxes with max./min./average
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot or cold spotmeter markers within area
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Reference temperature
Manually set or captured from any measurement
function
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
External optics/windows correction
Automatic, based on inputs of optics/window
transmission and temperature
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Voice
60 seconds (via Bluetooth)
Text
Text from predefined list or soft keyboard on touch
screen
METERLiNK
Wireless connection (Bluetooth) to:
FLIR meters with METERLiNK
Report generation
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
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Technical data
Laser pointer
Laser classification
Class 2
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
Wi-Fi
Peer to peer (ad hoc) or infrastructure (network)
SD Card
One card slot for removable SD memory cards
Audio
Microphone headset via Bluetooth for voice annotation of images
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Radio
Wi-Fi
•
•
•
Standard: 802.11 b/g
Frequency range: 2412–2462 MHz
Max. output power: 15 dBm
Bluetooth
Frequency range: 2402–2480 MHz
Antenna
Internal
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 h to 90% capacity, charging status indicated by
LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
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Technical data
Environmental data
Humidity (operating and storage)
EMC
Radio spectrum
Magnetic fields
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
•
•
•
•
•
•
ETSI EN 301 489-1 (radio)
ETSI EN 301 489-17
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
ICES-003
•
•
•
ETSI EN 300 328
FCC Part 15.247
RSS-210
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery (2 ea.)
Battery charger
Handstrap
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.5 kg (12.1 lb.)
Packaging, size
500 × 190 × 370 mm (19.7 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254001152
UPC-12
845188005184
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
•
•
•
•
•
•
1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
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Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1910582ACC; Video cable
T197771ACC; Bluetooth Headset
T911093; Tool belt
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
APP-10002; FLIR Tools Mobile (Android Application)
APP-10004; FLIR Tools (MacOS Application)
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
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Technical data
23.15
FLIR E60 with Educational kit (DE)
P/N: 64501-0307
Rev.: 30791
General description
The kit consists of a FLIR E60, a DVD with educational movies, and guidebooks about applications for
thermal imaging in building, industrial and R&D environments.
See FLIR E60 for specifications.
Shipping information
List of contents
•
•
•
•
•
FLIR E60
Educational DVD
Building guidebook
Industrial guidebook
R&D guidebook
EAN-13
4743254001602
UPC-12
845188008987
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
• N/A
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Technical data
23.16
FLIR E60 with Educational kit (EN)
P/N: 64501-0304
Rev.: 30792
General description
The kit consists of a FLIR E60, a DVD with educational movies, and guidebooks about applications for
thermal imaging in building, industrial and R&D environments.
See FLIR E60 for specifications.
Shipping information
List of contents
•
•
•
•
•
FLIR E60
Educational DVD
Building guidebook
Industrial guidebook
R&D guidebook
EAN-13
4743254001572
UPC-12
845188008956
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
• N/A
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
23.17
FLIR E60 with Educational kit (ES)
P/N: 64501-0308
Rev.: 30793
General description
The kit consists of a FLIR E60, a DVD with educational movies, and guidebooks about applications for
thermal imaging in building, industrial and R&D environments.
See FLIR E60 for specifications.
Shipping information
List of contents
•
•
•
•
•
FLIR E60
Educational DVD
Building guidebook
Industrial guidebook
R&D guidebook
EAN-13
4743254001619
UPC-12
845188008994
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
• N/A
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
23.18
FLIR E60 with Educational kit (FR)
P/N: 64501-0306
Rev.: 30794
General description
The kit consists of a FLIR E60, a DVD with educational movies, and guidebooks about applications for
thermal imaging in building, industrial and R&D environments.
See FLIR E60 for specifications.
Shipping information
List of contents
•
•
•
•
•
FLIR E60
Educational DVD
Building guidebook
Industrial guidebook
R&D guidebook
EAN-13
4743254001596
UPC-12
845188008970
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
• N/A
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
23.19
FLIR E60 with Educational kit (IT)
P/N: 64501-0305
Rev.: 30795
General description
The kit consists of a FLIR E60, a DVD with educational movies, and guidebooks about applications for
thermal imaging in building, industrial and R&D environments.
See FLIR E60 for specifications.
Shipping information
List of contents
•
•
•
•
•
FLIR E60
Educational DVD
Building guidebook
Industrial guidebook
R&D guidebook
EAN-13
4743254001589
UPC-12
845188008963
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
• N/A
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
23.20
FLIR E60 with Educational kit (JA)
P/N: 64501-0309
Rev.: 30796
General description
The kit consists of a FLIR E60, a DVD with educational movies, and guidebooks about applications for
thermal imaging in building, industrial and R&D environments.
See FLIR E60 for specifications.
Shipping information
List of contents
•
•
•
•
•
FLIR E60
Educational DVD
Building guidebook
Industrial guidebook
R&D guidebook
EAN-13
4743254001626
UPC-12
845188009007
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
• N/A
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
23.21
FLIR E60 with Educational kit (KO)
P/N: 64501-0310
Rev.: 30797
General description
The kit consists of a FLIR E60, a DVD with educational movies, and guidebooks about applications for
thermal imaging in building, industrial and R&D environments.
See FLIR E60 for specifications.
Shipping information
List of contents
•
•
•
•
•
FLIR E60
Educational DVD
Building guidebook
Industrial guidebook
R&D guidebook
EAN-13
4743254001633
UPC-12
845188009014
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
• N/A
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
23.22
FLIR E60bx (incl. Wi-Fi)
P/N: 64501-0702
Rev.: 37543
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen and wireless connectivity. A FLIR Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but
feature-rich camera at an affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Easy communication: The Wi-Fi connectivity of the FLIR Exx series cameras allows you to connect
to smart phones and tablets, for the wireless transfer of images or the remote control of the camera.
The Bluetooth-based METERLiNK function transfers readings from external measurement instruments to the infrared image.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
320 × 240 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
<0.045°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 45 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
1.36 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2× and 4×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
Scalable IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
Accuracy
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
3
Area
3 boxes with max./min./average
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Technical data
Measurement analysis
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot or cold spotmeter markers within area
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Reference temperature
Manually set or captured from any measurement
function
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Alarm
Screening
Yes
Humidity alarm
1 humidity alarm, including dew point alarm
Insulation alarm
1 insulation alarm
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Voice
60 seconds (via Bluetooth)
Text
Text from predefined list or soft keyboard on touch
screen
METERLiNK
Wireless connection (Bluetooth) to:
FLIR meters with METERLiNK
Report generation
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
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Technical data
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
Laser classification
Class 2
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
Wi-Fi
Peer-to-peer (ad hoc) or infrastructure (network)
SD Card
One card slot for removable SD memory cards
Audio
Microphone headset via Bluetooth for voice annotation of images
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Radio
Wi-Fi
Standard: 802.11 b/g
Frequency range: 2412–2462 MHz
Max. output power: 15 dBm
Bluetooth
Frequency range: 2402–2480 MHz
Antenna
Internal
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 hours to 90% capacity, charging status indicated
by LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
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Technical data
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
Humidity (operating and storage)
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
EMC
Radio spectrum
•
•
•
•
•
•
ETSI EN 301 489-1 (radio)
ETSI EN 301 489-17
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
ICES-003
•
•
•
ETSI EN 300 328
FCC Part 15.247
RSS-210
Magnetic fields
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery (2 ea.)
Battery charger
Handstrap
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.5 kg (12.1 lb.)
Packaging, size
500 × 190 × 370 mm (19.7 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254001190
UPC-12
845188005221
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
• 1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
• 1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
• T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
1910582ACC; Video cable
T197771ACC; Bluetooth Headset
T911093; Tool belt
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
APP-10002; FLIR Tools Mobile (Android Application)
APP-10004; FLIR Tools (MacOS Application)
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
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Technical data
23.23
FLIR E63 (incl. Wi-Fi)
P/N: 64501-0402
Rev.: 35207
General description
The FLIR Exx series cameras are compact and rugged infrared cameras that can be used in harsh environments while still providing you with the latest technology such as a modern touch screen and wireless connectivity. A FLIR Exx series camera is the perfect choice when you are looking for a robust but
feature-rich camera at an affordable price.
Benefits:
•
•
•
Robust and sophisticated: The FLIR Exx series cameras have a robust and light-weight design and
can withstand a 2 m drop. Large buttons combined with a modern touch screen and extensive
measuring capabilities, they are the right choice for demanding inspections in the field.
Easy communication: The Wi-Fi connectivity of the FLIR Exx series cameras allows you to connect
to smart phones and tablets, for the wireless transfer of images or the remote control of the camera.
The Bluetooth-based METERLiNK function transfers readings from external measurement instruments to the infrared image.
Best value for money: The FLIR Exx series cameras combine good performance (up to 320 × 240
pixels), a user-friendly interface, and a rugged point-and-shoot design with an affordable price.
Imaging and optical data
IR resolution
320 × 240 pixels
Thermal sensitivity/NETD
< 0.05°C @ +30°C (+86°F) / 50 mK
Field of view (FOV)
25° × 19°
Minimum focus distance
0.4 m (1.31 ft.)
Focal length
18 mm (0.7 in.)
Spatial resolution (IFOV)
1.36 mrad
F-number
1.3
Image frequency
60 Hz
Focus
Manual
Digital zoom
2× and 4×
Panning
Panning over zoomed-in images
Detector data
Detector type
Focal plane array (FPA), uncooled
microbolometer
Spectral range
7.5–13 µm
Image presentation
Display
Touch screen, 3.5 in. LCD, 320 × 240 pixels
Image adjustment
Auto or manual
Image presentation modes
Image modes
IR image, visual image, MSX, picture in picture,
thumbnail gallery
Picture in Picture
Scalable IR area on visual image
Measurement
Object temperature range
Accuracy
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•
•
–20°C to +120°C (–4°F to +248°F)
0°C to +650°C (+32°F to +1202°F)
±2°C (±3.6°F) or ±2% of reading, for ambient temperature 10°C to 35°C (+50°F to 95°F)
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23
Technical data
Measurement analysis
Spotmeter
5
Area
3 boxes with max./min.
Automatic hot/cold detection
Auto hot spotmeter marker within area
Difference temperature
Delta temperature between measurement functions or reference temperature
Reference temperature
Manually set or captured from any measurement
function
Emissivity correction
Variable from 0.01 to 1.0 or selected from materials list
External optics/windows correction
Automatic, based on inputs of optics/window
transmission and temperature
Measurement corrections
Reflected temperature, optics transmission and
atmospheric transmission
Set-up
Color palettes
Arctic, Gray, Iron, Lava, Rainbow and Rainbow
HC
Set-up commands
Local adaptation of units, language, date and time
formats
Storage of images
Image storage
Standard JPEG, including measurement data, on
memory card
Image storage mode
Simultaneous storage of images in IR, visual and
MSX
Image annotations
Voice
60 seconds (via Bluetooth)
Text
Text from soft keyboard on touch screen
METERLiNK
Wireless connection (Bluetooth) to:
Extech Moisture Meter MO297
Extech Clamp Meter EX845
Report generation
•
FLIR Tools software specifically designed to
provide an easy way to create inspection reports. It is available on the major platforms –
Android, Windows, MacOS, and iOS.
Video recording in camera
Non-radiometric IR video recording
MPEG-4 to memory card
Video streaming
Radiometric IR video streaming
Full dynamic to PC using USB
Non-radiometric IR video streaming
Uncompressed colorized video using USB
Digital camera
Built-in digital camera
3.1 Mpixels (2048 × 1536 pixels), and one LED
light
Digital camera, focus
Fixed focus
Built-in digital lens data
FOV 53° × 41°
Digital camera, aspect ratio
4:3
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Technical data
Laser pointer
Laser
Activated by dedicated button
Laser alignment
Position is automatic displayed on the IR image
Laser classification
Class 2
Laser type
Semiconductor AlGaInP diode laser
Laser power
1 mW
Laser wavelength
635 nm (red)
Data communication interfaces
Wi-Fi
Peer to peer (ad hoc) or infrastructure (network)
SD Card
One card slot for removable SD memory cards
Audio
Microphone headset via Bluetooth for voice annotation of images
USB
USB
USB, standard
USB, connector type
•
•
USB-A: Connect external USB device
USB Mini-B: Data transfer to and from PC / uncompressed colorized video
USB Mini-B: 2.0
•
•
USB-A connector
USB Mini-B connector
Composite video
Video out
Composite
Video, standard
CVBS (ITU-R-BT.470 PAL/SMPTE 170M NTSC)
Video, connector type
4-pole 3.5 mm jack
Radio
Wi-Fi
•
•
•
Standard: 802.11 b/g
Frequency range: 2412–2462 MHz
Max. output power: 15 dBm
Bluetooth
Frequency range: 2402–2480 MHz
Antenna
Internal
Power system
Battery type
Rechargeable Li ion battery
Battery voltage
3.7 V
Battery capacity
4.4 Ah, at +20°C to +25°C (+68°F to +77°F)
Battery operating time
Approx. 4 hours at +25°C (+77°F) ambient temperature and typical use
Charging system
In camera (AC adapter or 12 V from a vehicle) or
2-bay charger
Charging time
4 h to 90% capacity, charging status indicated by
LED's
Charging temperature
0°C to +45°C (+32°F to +113°F)
Power management
Automatic shutdown and sleep mode (user
selectable)
AC operation
AC adapter, 90–260 VAC input, 12 V output to
camera
Start-up time from sleep mode
Instant on
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Technical data
Environmental data
Operating temperature range
–15°C to +50°C (+5°F to +122°F)
Storage temperature range
–40°C to +70°C (–40°F to +158°F)
Humidity (operating and storage)
IEC 60068-2-30/24 h 95% relative humidity +25°C
to +40°C (+77°F to +104°F) / 2 cycles
EMC
Radio spectrum
•
•
•
•
•
•
ETSI EN 301 489-1 (radio)
ETSI EN 301 489-17
EN 61000-6-2 (Immunity)
EN 61000-6-3 (Emission)
FCC 47 CFR Part 15 B (Emission)
ICES-003
•
•
•
ETSI EN 300 328
FCC Part 15.247
RSS-210
Magnetic fields
EN 61 000-4-8, Test level 5 for continuous field
(severe industrial environment)
Encapsulation
IP 54 (IEC 60529)
Shock
25 g (IEC 60068-2-27)
Vibration
2 g (IEC 60068-2-6)
Drop
2 m (6.6 ft.)
Safety
EN/UL/CSA/PSE 60950-1
Physical data
Camera weight, incl. battery
0.869 kg (1.91 lb.)
Camera size (L × W × H)
246 × 97 × 184 mm (9.7 × 3.8 × 7.2 in.)
Tripod mounting
UNC ¼"-20 (adapter needed)
Material
•
•
•
Color
Polycarbonate + acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (PC-ABS)
Thixomold magnesium
Thermoplastic elastomer (TPE)
Graphite gray and black
Shipping information
Packaging, type
List of contents
Cardboard box
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hard transport case
Infrared camera with lens
Battery (2 ea.)
Battery charger
Handstrap
Memory card
Power supply, incl. multi-plugs
Printed documentation
USB cable
Video cable
Packaging, weight
5.5 kg (12.1 lb.)
Packaging, size
500 × 190 × 370 mm (19.7 × 7.5 × 14.6 in.)
EAN-13
4743254001169
UPC-12
845188005191
Country of origin
Estonia
Supplies & accessories:
• 1196961; IR lens, f = 30 mm, 15° incl. case
• 1196960; IR lens, f = 10 mm, 45° incl. case
• T910814; Power supply, incl. multi plugs
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Technical data
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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•
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T911230ACC; Memory card SDHC 4 GB
1910423; USB cable Std A <-> Mini-B
T198509; Cigarette lighter adapter kit, 12 VDC, 1.2 m/3.9 ft.
1910582ACC; Video cable
T197771ACC; Bluetooth Headset
T911093; Tool belt
T198125; Battery charger, incl. power supply with multi plugs (Exx, Kxx)
T199235; High-temperature lens
T198113; IR lens, 76 mm (6°) with case and mounting support for Exx
T198487; Li-Ion Battery pack 3.7V 17Wh
T198484; Pouch for FLIR Exx series
T198485; Sun shield
T198341ACC; Transport case Exx
T198486; Tripod Adapter
T199363ACC; Battery Li-ion 3.6 V, 5.2 Ah, 19 Wh
19250-100; IR Window 2 in
19251-100; IR Window 3 in.
19252-100; IR Window 4 in.
19250-200; SS IR Window 2 in.
19251-200; SS IR Window 3 in.
19252-200; SS IR Window 4 in.
T198586; FLIR Reporter Professional (license only)
T198584; FLIR Tools
T198583; FLIR Tools+ (download card incl. license key)
DSW-10000; FLIR IR Camera Player
APP-10002; FLIR Tools Mobile (Android Application)
APP-10004; FLIR Tools (MacOS Application)
T198697; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199014; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 (printed license key)
T199044; FLIR ResearchIR Max + HSDR 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198696; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199013; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 (printed license key)
T199043; FLIR ResearchIR Max 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T198731; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (hardware sec. dev.)
T199012; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 (printed license key)
T199042; FLIR ResearchIR Standard 4 Upgrade (printed license key)
T199233; FLIR Atlas SDK for .NET
T199234; FLIR Atlas SDK for MATLAB
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Mechanical drawings
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125
© 2012, FLIR Systems, Inc. All rights reserved worldwide. No part of this drawing may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise,
without written permission from FLIR Systems, Inc. Specifications subject to change without further notice. Dimensional data is based on nominal values. Products may be subject to regional market considerations. License procedures may apply.
Product may be subject to US Export Regulations. Please refer to exportquestions@flir.com with any questions. Diversion contrary to US law is prohibited.
H
G
F
E
D
C
B
A
1
2
1,53in
38,9mm
3
3
Camera with built-in IR lens f=18 mm (25°)
2
4
Optical axis
4
7,27in
184,7mm
1
1,5in
38,1mm
,7in
10 8mm
1,
27
2,41in
61,1mm
2,62in
66,5mm
UNC 1/4"-20
0,15in
3,9mm
Tripod Spacer
Optional
2,03in
51,6mm
5
9in
4,5 5mm
6,
11
5
1,93in
49mm
1,53in
38,8mm
0,55in
14mm
0,68in
17,2mm
6
7,09in
180,2mm
6
7in
2,1 m
m
55
7
7
9,68in
245,9mm
8
2,03in
51,6mm
Check
JOHG
0,79in
20mm
0,79in
20mm
R&D Thermography
Drawn by
3,79in
96,2mm
1,46in
37,2mm
Optical axis
9
Basic dimensions Flir Exx series
2015-10-28
Denomination
-
Modified
1,59in
40,5mm
1,5in
38,1mm
2,66in
67,5mm
1:2
T127869
Drawing No.
A3
Size
Scale
10
B
1(5)
Size
Sheet
G
F
E
D
C
B
A
© 2012, FLIR Systems, Inc. All rights reserved worldwide. No part of this drawing may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise,
without written permission from FLIR Systems, Inc. Specifications subject to change without further notice. Dimensional data is based on nominal values. Products may be subject to regional market considerations. License procedures may apply.
Product may be subject to US Export Regulations. Please refer to exportquestions@flir.com with any questions. Diversion contrary to US law is prohibited.
G
G
H
F
F
E
D
C
B
A
Camera with Lens IR f=10 mm (45°)
1
1
1,51in
38,4mm
2
2
1,85in
47mm
Optical axis
3
1,02in
25,9mm
9in
5,1 9mm
1,
3
1
3
,7in
10 8mm
1,
27
1,93in
49mm
0,55in
14mm
4
4
5
5
6
6
JOHG
Check
8
10
T127869
Drawing No.
1:2
A3
Size
Scale
B
E
D
C
B
A
2(5)
Size
Sheet
For additional dimensions see page 1
R&D Thermography
Drawn by
9
Basic dimensions Flir Exx series
2015-10-28
Denomination
Modified
-
Optical axis
7
© 2012, FLIR Systems, Inc. All rights reserved worldwide. No part of this drawing may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise,
without written permission from FLIR Systems, Inc. Specifications subject to change without further notice. Dimensional data is based on nominal values. Products may be subject to regional market considerations. License procedures may apply.
Product may be subject to US Export Regulations. Please refer to exportquestions@flir.com with any questions. Diversion contrary to US law is prohibited.
G
G
H
F
F
E
D
C
B
A
Camera with Lens IR f=30 mm (15°)
1
1
0,95in
24,3mm
2
2
2,28in
57,9mm
Optical axis
0,46in
11,7mm
3
0,55in
14mm
1,93in
49mm
in
4,8 mm
1,8
12
3
,7in
10 8mm
1,
7
2
4
4
5
5
6
6
Optical axis
7
JOHG
Check
T127869
Drawing No.
1:2
A3
Size
Scale
10
B
E
D
C
B
A
3(5)
Size
Sheet
For additional dimensions see page 1
R&D Thermography
Drawn by
9
Basic dimensions Flir Exx series
2015-10-28
Denomination
Modified
8
© 2012, FLIR Systems, Inc. All rights reserved worldwide. No part of this drawing may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise,
without written permission from FLIR Systems, Inc. Specifications subject to change without further notice. Dimensional data is based on nominal values. Products may be subject to regional market considerations. License procedures may apply.
Product may be subject to US Export Regulations. Please refer to exportquestions@flir.com with any questions. Diversion contrary to US law is prohibited.
H
G
F
E
D
C
B
A
1
4,17in
105,8mm
2
2
3
3
4
Optical
axis
4
4in
7,9 7mm
1,
0
2
Camera with Lens IR f=76 mm (6°) incl support
1
3,78in
96mm
3,48in
88,5mm
in
,42
12 ,5mm
5
31
5
5,05in
128,3mm
5
Lens support
Optional
6
6
7
JOHG
Check
T127869
Drawing No.
1:2
A3
Size
Scale
10
B
G
F
E
D
C
B
A
4(5)
Size
Sheet
For additional dimensions see page 1
R&D Thermography
Drawn by
4,22in
107,1mm
4,02in
102mm
Optical axis
9
Basic dimensions Flir Exx series
2015-10-28
Denomination
Modified
8
25
CE Declaration of conformity
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Cleaning the camera
26.1 Camera housing, cables, and other items
26.1.1
Liquids
Use one of these liquids:
• Warm water
• A weak detergent solution
26.1.2
Equipment
A soft cloth
26.1.3
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Soak the cloth in the liquid.
2. Twist the cloth to remove excess liquid.
3. Clean the part with the cloth.
CAUTION
Do not apply solvents or similar liquids to the camera, the cables, or other items. This can cause
damage.
26.2 Infrared lens
26.2.1
Liquids
Use one of these liquids:
• A commercial lens cleaning liquid with more than 30% isopropyl alcohol.
• 96% ethyl alcohol (C2H5OH).
26.2.2
Equipment
Cotton wool
26.2.3
Procedure
Follow this procedure:
1. Soak the cotton wool in the liquid.
2. Twist the cotton wool to remove excess liquid.
3. Clean the lens one time only and discard the cotton wool.
WARNING
Make sure that you read all applicable MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets) and warning labels on containers before you use a liquid: the liquids can be dangerous.
CAUTION
•
•
Be careful when you clean the infrared lens. The lens has a delicate anti-reflective coating.
Do not clean the infrared lens too vigorously. This can damage the anti-reflective coating.
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Application examples
27.1 Moisture & water damage
27.1.1
General
It is often possible to detect moisture and water damage in a house by using an infrared
camera. This is partly because the damaged area has a different heat conduction property and partly because it has a different thermal capacity to store heat than the surrounding material.
Many factors can come into play as to how moisture or water damage will appear in an
infrared image.
For example, heating and cooling of these parts takes place at different rates depending
on the material and the time of day. For this reason, it is important that other methods are
used as well to check for moisture or water damage.
27.1.2
Figure
The image below shows extensive water damage on an external wall where the water
has penetrated the outer facing because of an incorrectly installed window ledge.
27.2 Faulty contact in socket
27.2.1
General
Depending on the type of connection a socket has, an improperly connected wire can result in local temperature increase. This temperature increase is caused by the reduced
contact area between the connection point of the incoming wire and the socket , and can
result in an electrical fire.
A socket’s construction may differ dramatically from one manufacturer to another. For
this reason, different faults in a socket can lead to the same typical appearance in an infrared image.
Local temperature increase can also result from improper contact between wire and
socket, or from difference in load.
27.2.2
Figure
The image below shows a connection of a cable to a socket where improper contact in
the connection has resulted in local temperature increase.
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Application examples
27.3 Oxidized socket
27.3.1
General
Depending on the type of socket and the environment in which the socket is installed, oxides may occur on the socket's contact surfaces. These oxides can lead to locally increased resistance when the socket is loaded, which can be seen in an infrared image
as local temperature increase.
A socket’s construction may differ dramatically from one manufacturer to another. For
this reason, different faults in a socket can lead to the same typical appearance in an infrared image.
Local temperature increase can also result from improper contact between a wire and
socket, or from difference in load.
27.3.2
Figure
The image below shows a series of fuses where one fuse has a raised temperature on
the contact surfaces against the fuse holder. Because of the fuse holder’s blank metal,
the temperature increase is not visible there, while it is visible on the fuse’s ceramic
material.
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Application examples
27.4 Insulation deficiencies
27.4.1
General
Insulation deficiencies may result from insulation losing volume over the course of time
and thereby not entirely filling the cavity in a frame wall.
An infrared camera allows you to see these insulation deficiencies because they either
have a different heat conduction property than sections with correctly installed insulation,
and/or show the area where air is penetrating the frame of the building.
When you are inspecting a building, the temperature difference between the inside and
outside should be at least 10°C (18°F). Studs, water pipes, concrete columns, and similar components may resemble an insulation deficiency in an infrared image. Minor differences may also occur naturally.
27.4.2
Figure
In the image below, insulation in the roof framing is lacking. Due to the absence of insulation, air has forced its way into the roof structure, which thus takes on a different characteristic appearance in the infrared image.
27.5 Draft
27.5.1
General
Draft can be found under baseboards, around door and window casings, and above ceiling trim. This type of draft is often possible to see with an infrared camera, as a cooler
airstream cools down the surrounding surface.
When you are investigating draft in a house, there should be sub-atmospheric pressure
in the house. Close all doors, windows, and ventilation ducts, and allow the kitchen fan
to run for a while before you take the infrared images.
An infrared image of draft often shows a typical stream pattern. You can see this stream
pattern clearly in the picture below.
Also keep in mind that drafts can be concealed by heat from floor heating circuits.
27.5.2
Figure
The image below shows a ceiling hatch where faulty installation has resulted in a strong
draft.
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Application examples
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About FLIR Systems
FLIR Systems was established in 1978 to pioneer the development of high-performance
infrared imaging systems, and is the world leader in the design, manufacture, and marketing of thermal imaging systems for a wide variety of commercial, industrial, and government applications. Today, FLIR Systems embraces five major companies with
outstanding achievements in infrared technology since 1958—the Swedish AGEMA Infrared Systems (formerly AGA Infrared Systems), the three United States companies Indigo Systems, FSI, and Inframetrics, and the French company Cedip.
Since 2007, FLIR Systems has acquired several companies with world-leading expertise
in sensor technologies:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Extech Instruments (2007)
Ifara Tecnologías (2008)
Salvador Imaging (2009)
OmniTech Partners (2009)
Directed Perception (2009)
Raymarine (2010)
ICx Technologies (2010)
TackTick Marine Digital Instruments (2011)
Aerius Photonics (2011)
Lorex Technology (2012)
Traficon (2012)
MARSS (2013)
DigitalOptics micro-optics business (2013)
DVTEL (2015)
Figure 28.1 Patent documents from the early 1960s
FLIR Systems has three manufacturing plants in the United States (Portland, OR, Boston, MA, Santa Barbara, CA) and one in Sweden (Stockholm). Since 2007 there is also a
manufacturing plant in Tallinn, Estonia. Direct sales offices in Belgium, Brazil, China,
France, Germany, Great Britain, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Korea, Sweden, and the USA
—together with a worldwide network of agents and distributors—support our international customer base.
FLIR Systems is at the forefront of innovation in the infrared camera industry. We anticipate market demand by constantly improving our existing cameras and developing new
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About FLIR Systems
ones. The company has set milestones in product design and development such as the
introduction of the first battery-operated portable camera for industrial inspections, and
the first uncooled infrared camera, to mention just two innovations.
Figure 28.2 1969: Thermovision Model 661. The
camera weighed approximately 25 kg (55 lb.), the
oscilloscope 20 kg (44 lb.), and the tripod 15 kg
(33 lb.). The operator also needed a 220 VAC
generator set, and a 10 L (2.6 US gallon) jar with
liquid nitrogen. To the left of the oscilloscope the
Polaroid attachment (6 kg/13 lb.) can be seen.
Figure 28.3 2015: FLIR One, an accessory to
iPhone and Android mobile phones. Weight: 90 g
(3.2 oz.).
FLIR Systems manufactures all vital mechanical and electronic components of the camera systems itself. From detector design and manufacturing, to lenses and system electronics, to final testing and calibration, all production steps are carried out and
supervised by our own engineers. The in-depth expertise of these infrared specialists ensures the accuracy and reliability of all vital components that are assembled into your infrared camera.
28.1 More than just an infrared camera
At FLIR Systems we recognize that our job is to go beyond just producing the best infrared camera systems. We are committed to enabling all users of our infrared camera systems to work more productively by providing them with the most powerful camera–
software combination. Especially tailored software for predictive maintenance, R & D,
and process monitoring is developed in-house. Most software is available in a wide variety of languages.
We support all our infrared cameras with a wide variety of accessories to adapt your
equipment to the most demanding infrared applications.
28.2 Sharing our knowledge
Although our cameras are designed to be very user-friendly, there is a lot more to thermography than just knowing how to handle a camera. Therefore, FLIR Systems has
founded the Infrared Training Center (ITC), a separate business unit, that provides certified training courses. Attending one of the ITC courses will give you a truly hands-on
learning experience.
The staff of the ITC are also there to provide you with any application support you may
need in putting infrared theory into practice.
28.3 Supporting our customers
FLIR Systems operates a worldwide service network to keep your camera running at all
times. If you discover a problem with your camera, local service centers have all the
equipment and expertise to solve it within the shortest possible time. Therefore, there is
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About FLIR Systems
no need to send your camera to the other side of the world or to talk to someone who
does not speak your language.
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Glossary
absorption
(absorption
factor)
The amount of radiation absorbed by an object relative to the received radiation. A number between 0 and 1.
atmosphere
The gases between the object being measured and the camera, normally air.
autoadjust
A function making a camera perform an internal image correction.
autopalette
The IR image is shown with an uneven spread of colors, displaying
cold objects as well as hot ones at the same time.
blackbody
Totally non-reflective object. All its radiation is due to its own
temperature.
blackbody
radiator
An IR radiating equipment with blackbody properties used to calibrate IR cameras.
calculated atmospheric
transmission
A transmission value computed from the temperature, the relative
humidity of air and the distance to the object.
cavity radiator
A bottle shaped radiator with an absorbing inside, viewed through
the bottleneck.
color
temperature
The temperature for which the color of a blackbody matches a specific color.
conduction
The process that makes heat diffuse into a material.
continuous
adjust
A function that adjusts the image. The function works all the time,
continuously adjusting brightness and contrast according to the image content.
convection
Convection is a heat transfer mode where a fluid is brought into motion, either by gravity or another force, thereby transferring heat from
one place to another.
dual isotherm
An isotherm with two color bands, instead of one.
emissivity
(emissivity
factor)
The amount of radiation coming from an object, compared to that of
a blackbody. A number between 0 and 1.
emittance
Amount of energy emitted from an object per unit of time and area
(W/m2)
environment
Objects and gases that emit radiation towards the object being
measured.
estimated atmospheric
transmission
A transmission value, supplied by a user, replacing a calculated one
external optics
Extra lenses, filters, heat shields etc. that can be put between the
camera and the object being measured.
filter
A material transparent only to some of the infrared wavelengths.
FOV
Field of view: The horizontal angle that can be viewed through an IR
lens.
FPA
Focal plane array: A type of IR detector.
graybody
An object that emits a fixed fraction of the amount of energy of a
blackbody for each wavelength.
IFOV
Instantaneous field of view: A measure of the geometrical resolution
of an IR camera.
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Glossary
image correction (internal or
external)
A way of compensating for sensitivity differences in various parts of
live images and also of stabilizing the camera.
infrared
Non-visible radiation, having a wavelength from about 2–13 μm.
IR
infrared
isotherm
A function highlighting those parts of an image that fall above, below
or between one or more temperature intervals.
isothermal
cavity
A bottle-shaped radiator with a uniform temperature viewed through
the bottleneck.
Laser LocatIR
An electrically powered light source on the camera that emits laser
radiation in a thin, concentrated beam to point at certain parts of the
object in front of the camera.
laser pointer
An electrically powered light source on the camera that emits laser
radiation in a thin, concentrated beam to point at certain parts of the
object in front of the camera.
level
The center value of the temperature scale, usually expressed as a
signal value.
manual adjust
A way to adjust the image by manually changing certain parameters.
NETD
Noise equivalent temperature difference. A measure of the image
noise level of an IR camera.
noise
Undesired small disturbance in the infrared image
object
parameters
A set of values describing the circumstances under which the measurement of an object was made, and the object itself (such as emissivity, reflected apparent temperature, distance etc.)
object signal
A non-calibrated value related to the amount of radiation received by
the camera from the object.
palette
The set of colors used to display an IR image.
pixel
Stands for picture element. One single spot in an image.
radiance
Amount of energy emitted from an object per unit of time, area and
angle (W/m2/sr)
radiant power
Amount of energy emitted from an object per unit of time (W)
radiation
The process by which electromagnetic energy, is emitted by an object or a gas.
radiator
A piece of IR radiating equipment.
range
The current overall temperature measurement limitation of an IR
camera. Cameras can have several ranges. Expressed as two
blackbody temperatures that limit the current calibration.
reference
temperature
A temperature which the ordinary measured values can be compared with.
reflection
The amount of radiation reflected by an object relative to the received radiation. A number between 0 and 1.
relative
humidity
Relative humidity represents the ratio between the current water vapour mass in the air and the maximum it may contain in saturation
conditions.
saturation
color
The areas that contain temperatures outside the present level/span
settings are colored with the saturation colors. The saturation colors
contain an ‘overflow’ color and an ‘underflow’ color. There is also a
third red saturation color that marks everything saturated by the detector indicating that the range should probably be changed.
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Glossary
span
The interval of the temperature scale, usually expressed as a signal
value.
spectral (radiant) emittance
Amount of energy emitted from an object per unit of time, area and
wavelength (W/m2/μm)
temperature
difference, or
difference of
temperature.
A value which is the result of a subtraction between two temperature
values.
temperature
range
The current overall temperature measurement limitation of an IR
camera. Cameras can have several ranges. Expressed as two
blackbody temperatures that limit the current calibration.
temperature
scale
The way in which an IR image currently is displayed. Expressed as
two temperature values limiting the colors.
thermogram
infrared image
transmission
(or transmittance) factor
Gases and materials can be more or less transparent. Transmission
is the amount of IR radiation passing through them. A number between 0 and 1.
transparent
isotherm
An isotherm showing a linear spread of colors, instead of covering
the highlighted parts of the image.
visual
Refers to the video mode of a IR camera, as opposed to the normal,
thermographic mode. When a camera is in video mode it captures
ordinary video images, while thermographic images are captured
when the camera is in IR mode.
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techniques
30.1 Introduction
An infrared camera measures and images the emitted infrared radiation from an object.
The fact that radiation is a function of object surface temperature makes it possible for
the camera to calculate and display this temperature.
However, the radiation measured by the camera does not only depend on the temperature of the object but is also a function of the emissivity. Radiation also originates from
the surroundings and is reflected in the object. The radiation from the object and the reflected radiation will also be influenced by the absorption of the atmosphere.
To measure temperature accurately, it is therefore necessary to compensate for the effects of a number of different radiation sources. This is done on-line automatically by the
camera. The following object parameters must, however, be supplied for the camera:
•
•
•
•
•
The emissivity of the object
The reflected apparent temperature
The distance between the object and the camera
The relative humidity
Temperature of the atmosphere
30.2 Emissivity
The most important object parameter to set correctly is the emissivity which, in short, is a
measure of how much radiation is emitted from the object, compared to that from a perfect blackbody of the same temperature.
Normally, object materials and surface treatments exhibit emissivity ranging from approximately 0.1 to 0.95. A highly polished (mirror) surface falls below 0.1, while an oxidized
or painted surface has a higher emissivity. Oil-based paint, regardless of color in the visible spectrum, has an emissivity over 0.9 in the infrared. Human skin exhibits an emissivity 0.97 to 0.98.
Non-oxidized metals represent an extreme case of perfect opacity and high reflexivity,
which does not vary greatly with wavelength. Consequently, the emissivity of metals is
low – only increasing with temperature. For non-metals, emissivity tends to be high, and
decreases with temperature.
30.2.1
30.2.1.1
Finding the emissivity of a sample
Step 1: Determining reflected apparent temperature
Use one of the following two methods to determine reflected apparent temperature:
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30.2.1.1.1
Method 1: Direct method
Follow this procedure:
1. Look for possible reflection sources, considering that the incident angle = reflection
angle (a = b).
Figure 30.1 1 = Reflection source
2. If the reflection source is a spot source, modify the source by obstructing it using a
piece if cardboard.
Figure 30.2 1 = Reflection source
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3. Measure the radiation intensity (= apparent temperature) from the reflecting source
using the following settings:
• Emissivity: 1.0
• Dobj: 0
You can measure the radiation intensity using one of the following two methods:
Figure 30.3 1 = Reflection source
Figure 30.4 1 = Reflection source
Using a thermocouple to measure reflected apparent temperature is not recommended
for two important reasons:
• A thermocouple does not measure radiation intensity
• A thermocouple requires a very good thermal contact to the surface, usually by gluing
and covering the sensor by a thermal isolator.
30.2.1.1.2
Method 2: Reflector method
Follow this procedure:
1. Crumble up a large piece of aluminum foil.
2. Uncrumble the aluminum foil and attach it to a piece of cardboard of the same size.
3. Put the piece of cardboard in front of the object you want to measure. Make sure that
the side with aluminum foil points to the camera.
4. Set the emissivity to 1.0.
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5. Measure the apparent temperature of the aluminum foil and write it down.
Figure 30.5 Measuring the apparent temperature of the aluminum foil.
30.2.1.2
Step 2: Determining the emissivity
Follow this procedure:
1. Select a place to put the sample.
2. Determine and set reflected apparent temperature according to the previous
procedure.
3. Put a piece of electrical tape with known high emissivity on the sample.
4. Heat the sample at least 20 K above room temperature. Heating must be reasonably
even.
5. Focus and auto-adjust the camera, and freeze the image.
6. Adjust Level and Span for best image brightness and contrast.
7. Set emissivity to that of the tape (usually 0.97).
8. Measure the temperature of the tape using one of the following measurement
functions:
• Isotherm (helps you to determine both the temperature and how evenly you have
heated the sample)
• Spot (simpler)
• Box Avg (good for surfaces with varying emissivity).
9. Write down the temperature.
10. Move your measurement function to the sample surface.
11. Change the emissivity setting until you read the same temperature as your previous
measurement.
12. Write down the emissivity.
Note
• Avoid forced convection
• Look for a thermally stable surrounding that will not generate spot reflections
• Use high quality tape that you know is not transparent, and has a high emissivity you
are certain of
• This method assumes that the temperature of your tape and the sample surface are
the same. If they are not, your emissivity measurement will be wrong.
30.3 Reflected apparent temperature
This parameter is used to compensate for the radiation reflected in the object. If the
emissivity is low and the object temperature relatively far from that of the reflected it will
be important to set and compensate for the reflected apparent temperature correctly.
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30.4 Distance
The distance is the distance between the object and the front lens of the camera. This
parameter is used to compensate for the following two facts:
• That radiation from the target is absorbed by the atmosphere between the object and
the camera.
• That radiation from the atmosphere itself is detected by the camera.
30.5 Relative humidity
The camera can also compensate for the fact that the transmittance is also dependent
on the relative humidity of the atmosphere. To do this set the relative humidity to the correct value. For short distances and normal humidity the relative humidity can normally be
left at a default value of 50%.
30.6 Other parameters
In addition, some cameras and analysis programs from FLIR Systems allow you to compensate for the following parameters:
• Atmospheric temperature – i.e. the temperature of the atmosphere between the camera and the target
• External optics temperature – i.e. the temperature of any external lenses or windows
used in front of the camera
• External optics transmittance – i.e. the transmission of any external lenses or windows
used in front of the camera
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History of infrared technology
Before the year 1800, the existence of the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum wasn't even suspected. The original significance of the infrared spectrum, or simply
‘the infrared’ as it is often called, as a form of heat radiation is perhaps less obvious today than it was at the time of its discovery by Herschel in 1800.
Figure 31.1 Sir William Herschel (1738–1822)
The discovery was made accidentally during the search for a new optical material. Sir
William Herschel – Royal Astronomer to King George III of England, and already famous
for his discovery of the planet Uranus – was searching for an optical filter material to reduce the brightness of the sun’s image in telescopes during solar observations. While
testing different samples of colored glass which gave similar reductions in brightness he
was intrigued to find that some of the samples passed very little of the sun’s heat, while
others passed so much heat that he risked eye damage after only a few seconds’
observation.
Herschel was soon convinced of the necessity of setting up a systematic experiment,
with the objective of finding a single material that would give the desired reduction in
brightness as well as the maximum reduction in heat. He began the experiment by actually repeating Newton’s prism experiment, but looking for the heating effect rather than
the visual distribution of intensity in the spectrum. He first blackened the bulb of a sensitive mercury-in-glass thermometer with ink, and with this as his radiation detector he proceeded to test the heating effect of the various colors of the spectrum formed on the top
of a table by passing sunlight through a glass prism. Other thermometers, placed outside
the sun’s rays, served as controls.
As the blackened thermometer was moved slowly along the colors of the spectrum, the
temperature readings showed a steady increase from the violet end to the red end. This
was not entirely unexpected, since the Italian researcher, Landriani, in a similar experiment in 1777 had observed much the same effect. It was Herschel, however, who was
the first to recognize that there must be a point where the heating effect reaches a maximum, and that measurements confined to the visible portion of the spectrum failed to locate this point.
Figure 31.2 Marsilio Landriani (1746–1815)
Moving the thermometer into the dark region beyond the red end of the spectrum, Herschel confirmed that the heating continued to increase. The maximum point, when he
found it, lay well beyond the red end – in what is known today as the ‘infrared
wavelengths’.
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When Herschel revealed his discovery, he referred to this new portion of the electromagnetic spectrum as the ‘thermometrical spectrum’. The radiation itself he sometimes referred to as ‘dark heat’, or simply ‘the invisible rays’. Ironically, and contrary to popular
opinion, it wasn't Herschel who originated the term ‘infrared’. The word only began to appear in print around 75 years later, and it is still unclear who should receive credit as the
originator.
Herschel’s use of glass in the prism of his original experiment led to some early controversies with his contemporaries about the actual existence of the infrared wavelengths.
Different investigators, in attempting to confirm his work, used various types of glass indiscriminately, having different transparencies in the infrared. Through his later experiments, Herschel was aware of the limited transparency of glass to the newly-discovered
thermal radiation, and he was forced to conclude that optics for the infrared would probably be doomed to the use of reflective elements exclusively (i.e. plane and curved mirrors). Fortunately, this proved to be true only until 1830, when the Italian investigator,
Melloni, made his great discovery that naturally occurring rock salt (NaCl) – which was
available in large enough natural crystals to be made into lenses and prisms – is remarkably transparent to the infrared. The result was that rock salt became the principal infrared optical material, and remained so for the next hundred years, until the art of synthetic
crystal growing was mastered in the 1930’s.
Figure 31.3 Macedonio Melloni (1798–1854)
Thermometers, as radiation detectors, remained unchallenged until 1829, the year Nobili
invented the thermocouple. (Herschel’s own thermometer could be read to 0.2 °C
(0.036 °F), and later models were able to be read to 0.05 °C (0.09 °F)). Then a breakthrough occurred; Melloni connected a number of thermocouples in series to form the
first thermopile. The new device was at least 40 times as sensitive as the best thermometer of the day for detecting heat radiation – capable of detecting the heat from a person
standing three meters away.
The first so-called ‘heat-picture’ became possible in 1840, the result of work by Sir John
Herschel, son of the discoverer of the infrared and a famous astronomer in his own right.
Based upon the differential evaporation of a thin film of oil when exposed to a heat pattern focused upon it, the thermal image could be seen by reflected light where the interference effects of the oil film made the image visible to the eye. Sir John also managed
to obtain a primitive record of the thermal image on paper, which he called a
‘thermograph’.
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History of infrared technology
Figure 31.4 Samuel P. Langley (1834–1906)
The improvement of infrared-detector sensitivity progressed slowly. Another major breakthrough, made by Langley in 1880, was the invention of the bolometer. This consisted of
a thin blackened strip of platinum connected in one arm of a Wheatstone bridge circuit
upon which the infrared radiation was focused and to which a sensitive galvanometer responded. This instrument is said to have been able to detect the heat from a cow at a
distance of 400 meters.
An English scientist, Sir James Dewar, first introduced the use of liquefied gases as cooling agents (such as liquid nitrogen with a temperature of -196 °C (-320.8 °F)) in low temperature research. In 1892 he invented a unique vacuum insulating container in which it
is possible to store liquefied gases for entire days. The common ‘thermos bottle’, used
for storing hot and cold drinks, is based upon his invention.
Between the years 1900 and 1920, the inventors of the world ‘discovered’ the infrared.
Many patents were issued for devices to detect personnel, artillery, aircraft, ships – and
even icebergs. The first operating systems, in the modern sense, began to be developed
during the 1914–18 war, when both sides had research programs devoted to the military
exploitation of the infrared. These programs included experimental systems for enemy
intrusion/detection, remote temperature sensing, secure communications, and ‘flying torpedo’ guidance. An infrared search system tested during this period was able to detect
an approaching airplane at a distance of 1.5 km (0.94 miles), or a person more than 300
meters (984 ft.) away.
The most sensitive systems up to this time were all based upon variations of the bolometer idea, but the period between the two wars saw the development of two revolutionary
new infrared detectors: the image converter and the photon detector. At first, the image
converter received the greatest attention by the military, because it enabled an observer
for the first time in history to literally ‘see in the dark’. However, the sensitivity of the image converter was limited to the near infrared wavelengths, and the most interesting military targets (i.e. enemy soldiers) had to be illuminated by infrared search beams. Since
this involved the risk of giving away the observer’s position to a similarly-equipped enemy
observer, it is understandable that military interest in the image converter eventually
faded.
The tactical military disadvantages of so-called 'active’ (i.e. search beam-equipped) thermal imaging systems provided impetus following the 1939–45 war for extensive secret
military infrared-research programs into the possibilities of developing ‘passive’ (no
search beam) systems around the extremely sensitive photon detector. During this period, military secrecy regulations completely prevented disclosure of the status of infraredimaging technology. This secrecy only began to be lifted in the middle of the 1950’s, and
from that time adequate thermal-imaging devices finally began to be available to civilian
science and industry.
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32.1 Introduction
The subjects of infrared radiation and the related technique of thermography are still new
to many who will use an infrared camera. In this section the theory behind thermography
will be given.
32.2 The electromagnetic spectrum
The electromagnetic spectrum is divided arbitrarily into a number of wavelength regions,
called bands, distinguished by the methods used to produce and detect the radiation.
There is no fundamental difference between radiation in the different bands of the electromagnetic spectrum. They are all governed by the same laws and the only differences
are those due to differences in wavelength.
Figure 32.1 The electromagnetic spectrum. 1: X-ray; 2: UV; 3: Visible; 4: IR; 5: Microwaves; 6:
Radiowaves.
Thermography makes use of the infrared spectral band. At the short-wavelength end the
boundary lies at the limit of visual perception, in the deep red. At the long-wavelength
end it merges with the microwave radio wavelengths, in the millimeter range.
The infrared band is often further subdivided into four smaller bands, the boundaries of
which are also arbitrarily chosen. They include: the near infrared (0.75–3 μm), the middle
infrared (3–6 μm), the far infrared (6–15 μm) and the extreme infrared (15–100 μm).
Although the wavelengths are given in μm (micrometers), other units are often still used
to measure wavelength in this spectral region, e.g. nanometer (nm) and Ångström (Å).
The relationships between the different wavelength measurements is:
32.3 Blackbody radiation
A blackbody is defined as an object which absorbs all radiation that impinges on it at any
wavelength. The apparent misnomer black relating to an object emitting radiation is explained by Kirchhoff’s Law (after Gustav Robert Kirchhoff, 1824–1887), which states that
a body capable of absorbing all radiation at any wavelength is equally capable in the
emission of radiation.
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Figure 32.2 Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (1824–1887)
The construction of a blackbody source is, in principle, very simple. The radiation characteristics of an aperture in an isotherm cavity made of an opaque absorbing material represents almost exactly the properties of a blackbody. A practical application of the
principle to the construction of a perfect absorber of radiation consists of a box that is
light tight except for an aperture in one of the sides. Any radiation which then enters the
hole is scattered and absorbed by repeated reflections so only an infinitesimal fraction
can possibly escape. The blackness which is obtained at the aperture is nearly equal to
a blackbody and almost perfect for all wavelengths.
By providing such an isothermal cavity with a suitable heater it becomes what is termed
a cavity radiator. An isothermal cavity heated to a uniform temperature generates blackbody radiation, the characteristics of which are determined solely by the temperature of
the cavity. Such cavity radiators are commonly used as sources of radiation in temperature reference standards in the laboratory for calibrating thermographic instruments,
such as a FLIR Systems camera for example.
If the temperature of blackbody radiation increases to more than 525°C (977°F), the
source begins to be visible so that it appears to the eye no longer black. This is the incipient red heat temperature of the radiator, which then becomes orange or yellow as the
temperature increases further. In fact, the definition of the so-called color temperature of
an object is the temperature to which a blackbody would have to be heated to have the
same appearance.
Now consider three expressions that describe the radiation emitted from a blackbody.
32.3.1
Planck’s law
Figure 32.3 Max Planck (1858–1947)
Max Planck (1858–1947) was able to describe the spectral distribution of the radiation
from a blackbody by means of the following formula:
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where:
Wλb
Blackbody spectral radiant emittance at wavelength λ.
c
Velocity of light = 3 × 108 m/s
h
Planck’s constant = 6.6 × 10-34 Joule sec.
k
Boltzmann’s constant = 1.4 × 10-23 Joule/K.
T
Absolute temperature (K) of a blackbody.
λ
Wavelength (μm).
Note The factor 10-6 is used since spectral emittance in the curves is expressed in
Watt/m2, μm.
Planck’s formula, when plotted graphically for various temperatures, produces a family of
curves. Following any particular Planck curve, the spectral emittance is zero at λ = 0,
then increases rapidly to a maximum at a wavelength λmax and after passing it approaches zero again at very long wavelengths. The higher the temperature, the shorter
the wavelength at which maximum occurs.
Figure 32.4 Blackbody spectral radiant emittance according to Planck’s law, plotted for various absolute
temperatures. 1: Spectral radiant emittance (W/cm2 × 103(μm)); 2: Wavelength (μm)
32.3.2
Wien’s displacement law
By differentiating Planck’s formula with respect to λ, and finding the maximum, we have:
This is Wien’s formula (after Wilhelm Wien, 1864–1928), which expresses mathematically the common observation that colors vary from red to orange or yellow as the temperature of a thermal radiator increases. The wavelength of the color is the same as the
wavelength calculated for λmax. A good approximation of the value of λmax for a given
blackbody temperature is obtained by applying the rule-of-thumb 3 000/T μm. Thus, a
very hot star such as Sirius (11 000 K), emitting bluish-white light, radiates with the peak
of spectral radiant emittance occurring within the invisible ultraviolet spectrum, at wavelength 0.27 μm.
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Figure 32.5 Wilhelm Wien (1864–1928)
The sun (approx. 6 000 K) emits yellow light, peaking at about 0.5 μm in the middle of
the visible light spectrum.
At room temperature (300 K) the peak of radiant emittance lies at 9.7 μm, in the far infrared, while at the temperature of liquid nitrogen (77 K) the maximum of the almost insignificant amount of radiant emittance occurs at 38 μm, in the extreme infrared wavelengths.
Figure 32.6 Planckian curves plotted on semi-log scales from 100 K to 1000 K. The dotted line represents
the locus of maximum radiant emittance at each temperature as described by Wien's displacement law. 1:
Spectral radiant emittance (W/cm2 (μm)); 2: Wavelength (μm).
32.3.3
Stefan-Boltzmann's law
By integrating Planck’s formula from λ = 0 to λ = ∞, we obtain the total radiant emittance
(Wb) of a blackbody:
This is the Stefan-Boltzmann formula (after Josef Stefan, 1835–1893, and Ludwig Boltzmann, 1844–1906), which states that the total emissive power of a blackbody is proportional to the fourth power of its absolute temperature. Graphically, Wb represents the
area below the Planck curve for a particular temperature. It can be shown that the radiant
emittance in the interval λ = 0 to λmax is only 25% of the total, which represents about the
amount of the sun’s radiation which lies inside the visible light spectrum.
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Figure 32.7 Josef Stefan (1835–1893), and Ludwig Boltzmann (1844–1906)
Using the Stefan-Boltzmann formula to calculate the power radiated by the human body,
at a temperature of 300 K and an external surface area of approx. 2 m2, we obtain 1 kW.
This power loss could not be sustained if it were not for the compensating absorption of
radiation from surrounding surfaces, at room temperatures which do not vary too drastically from the temperature of the body – or, of course, the addition of clothing.
32.3.4
Non-blackbody emitters
So far, only blackbody radiators and blackbody radiation have been discussed. However,
real objects almost never comply with these laws over an extended wavelength region –
although they may approach the blackbody behavior in certain spectral intervals. For example, a certain type of white paint may appear perfectly white in the visible light spectrum, but becomes distinctly gray at about 2 μm, and beyond 3 μm it is almost black.
There are three processes which can occur that prevent a real object from acting like a
blackbody: a fraction of the incident radiation α may be absorbed, a fraction ρ may be reflected, and a fraction τ may be transmitted. Since all of these factors are more or less
wavelength dependent, the subscript λ is used to imply the spectral dependence of their
definitions. Thus:
• The spectral absorptance αλ= the ratio of the spectral radiant power absorbed by an
object to that incident upon it.
• The spectral reflectance ρλ = the ratio of the spectral radiant power reflected by an object to that incident upon it.
• The spectral transmittance τλ = the ratio of the spectral radiant power transmitted
through an object to that incident upon it.
The sum of these three factors must always add up to the whole at any wavelength, so
we have the relation:
For opaque materials τλ = 0 and the relation simplifies to:
Another factor, called the emissivity, is required to describe the fraction ε of the radiant
emittance of a blackbody produced by an object at a specific temperature. Thus, we
have the definition:
The spectral emissivity ελ= the ratio of the spectral radiant power from an object to that
from a blackbody at the same temperature and wavelength.
Expressed mathematically, this can be written as the ratio of the spectral emittance of
the object to that of a blackbody as follows:
Generally speaking, there are three types of radiation source, distinguished by the ways
in which the spectral emittance of each varies with wavelength.
• A blackbody, for which ελ = ε = 1
• A graybody, for which ελ = ε = constant less than 1
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• A selective radiator, for which ε varies with wavelength
According to Kirchhoff’s law, for any material the spectral emissivity and spectral absorptance of a body are equal at any specified temperature and wavelength. That is:
From this we obtain, for an opaque material (since αλ + ρλ = 1):
For highly polished materials ελ approaches zero, so that for a perfectly reflecting material (i.e. a perfect mirror) we have:
For a graybody radiator, the Stefan-Boltzmann formula becomes:
This states that the total emissive power of a graybody is the same as a blackbody at the
same temperature reduced in proportion to the value of ε from the graybody.
Figure 32.8 Spectral radiant emittance of three types of radiators. 1: Spectral radiant emittance; 2: Wavelength; 3: Blackbody; 4: Selective radiator; 5: Graybody.
Figure 32.9 Spectral emissivity of three types of radiators. 1: Spectral emissivity; 2: Wavelength; 3: Blackbody; 4: Graybody; 5: Selective radiator.
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32.4 Infrared semi-transparent materials
Consider now a non-metallic, semi-transparent body – let us say, in the form of a thick flat
plate of plastic material. When the plate is heated, radiation generated within its volume
must work its way toward the surfaces through the material in which it is partially absorbed. Moreover, when it arrives at the surface, some of it is reflected back into the interior. The back-reflected radiation is again partially absorbed, but some of it arrives at the
other surface, through which most of it escapes; part of it is reflected back again.
Although the progressive reflections become weaker and weaker they must all be added
up when the total emittance of the plate is sought. When the resulting geometrical series
is summed, the effective emissivity of a semi-transparent plate is obtained as:
When the plate becomes opaque this formula is reduced to the single formula:
This last relation is a particularly convenient one, because it is often easier to measure
reflectance than to measure emissivity directly.
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The measurement formula
As already mentioned, when viewing an object, the camera receives radiation not only
from the object itself. It also collects radiation from the surroundings reflected via the object surface. Both these radiation contributions become attenuated to some extent by the
atmosphere in the measurement path. To this comes a third radiation contribution from
the atmosphere itself.
This description of the measurement situation, as illustrated in the figure below, is so far
a fairly true description of the real conditions. What has been neglected could for instance be sun light scattering in the atmosphere or stray radiation from intense radiation
sources outside the field of view. Such disturbances are difficult to quantify, however, in
most cases they are fortunately small enough to be neglected. In case they are not negligible, the measurement configuration is likely to be such that the risk for disturbance is
obvious, at least to a trained operator. It is then his responsibility to modify the measurement situation to avoid the disturbance e.g. by changing the viewing direction, shielding
off intense radiation sources etc.
Accepting the description above, we can use the figure below to derive a formula for the
calculation of the object temperature from the calibrated camera output.
Figure 33.1 A schematic representation of the general thermographic measurement situation.1: Surroundings; 2: Object; 3: Atmosphere; 4: Camera
Assume that the received radiation power W from a blackbody source of temperature
Tsource on short distance generates a camera output signal Usource that is proportional to
the power input (power linear camera). We can then write (Equation 1):
or, with simplified notation:
where C is a constant.
Should the source be a graybody with emittance ε, the received radiation would consequently be εWsource.
We are now ready to write the three collected radiation power terms:
1. Emission from the object = ετWobj, where ε is the emittance of the object and τ is the
transmittance of the atmosphere. The object temperature is Tobj.
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The measurement formula
2. Reflected emission from ambient sources = (1 – ε)τWrefl, where (1 – ε) is the reflectance of the object. The ambient sources have the temperature Trefl.
It has here been assumed that the temperature Trefl is the same for all emitting surfaces within the halfsphere seen from a point on the object surface. This is of course
sometimes a simplification of the true situation. It is, however, a necessary simplification in order to derive a workable formula, and Trefl can – at least theoretically – be given a value that represents an efficient temperature of a complex surrounding.
Note also that we have assumed that the emittance for the surroundings = 1. This is
correct in accordance with Kirchhoff’s law: All radiation impinging on the surrounding
surfaces will eventually be absorbed by the same surfaces. Thus the emittance = 1.
(Note though that the latest discussion requires the complete sphere around the object to be considered.)
3. Emission from the atmosphere = (1 – τ)τWatm, where (1 – τ) is the emittance of the atmosphere. The temperature of the atmosphere is Tatm.
The total received radiation power can now be written (Equation 2):
We multiply each term by the constant C of Equation 1 and replace the CW products by
the corresponding U according to the same equation, and get (Equation 3):
Solve Equation 3 for Uobj (Equation 4):
This is the general measurement formula used in all the FLIR Systems thermographic
equipment. The voltages of the formula are:
Table 33.1 Voltages
Uobj
Calculated camera output voltage for a blackbody of temperature
Tobj i.e. a voltage that can be directly converted into true requested
object temperature.
Utot
Measured camera output voltage for the actual case.
Urefl
Theoretical camera output voltage for a blackbody of temperature
Trefl according to the calibration.
Uatm
Theoretical camera output voltage for a blackbody of temperature
Tatm according to the calibration.
The operator has to supply a number of parameter values for the calculation:
•
•
•
•
•
the object emittance ε,
the relative humidity,
Tatm
object distance (Dobj)
the (effective) temperature of the object surroundings, or the reflected ambient temperature Trefl, and
• the temperature of the atmosphere Tatm
This task could sometimes be a heavy burden for the operator since there are normally
no easy ways to find accurate values of emittance and atmospheric transmittance for the
actual case. The two temperatures are normally less of a problem provided the surroundings do not contain large and intense radiation sources.
A natural question in this connection is: How important is it to know the right values of
these parameters? It could though be of interest to get a feeling for this problem already
here by looking into some different measurement cases and compare the relative
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The measurement formula
magnitudes of the three radiation terms. This will give indications about when it is important to use correct values of which parameters.
The figures below illustrates the relative magnitudes of the three radiation contributions
for three different object temperatures, two emittances, and two spectral ranges: SW and
LW. Remaining parameters have the following fixed values:
• τ = 0.88
• Trefl = +20°C (+68°F)
• Tatm = +20°C (+68°F)
It is obvious that measurement of low object temperatures are more critical than measuring high temperatures since the ‘disturbing’ radiation sources are relatively much stronger in the first case. Should also the object emittance be low, the situation would be still
more difficult.
We have finally to answer a question about the importance of being allowed to use the
calibration curve above the highest calibration point, what we call extrapolation. Imagine
that we in a certain case measure Utot = 4.5 volts. The highest calibration point for the
camera was in the order of 4.1 volts, a value unknown to the operator. Thus, even if the
object happened to be a blackbody, i.e. Uobj = Utot, we are actually performing extrapolation of the calibration curve when converting 4.5 volts into temperature.
Let us now assume that the object is not black, it has an emittance of 0.75, and the transmittance is 0.92. We also assume that the two second terms of Equation 4 amount to 0.5
volts together. Computation of Uobj by means of Equation 4 then results in Uobj = 4.5 /
0.75 / 0.92 – 0.5 = 6.0. This is a rather extreme extrapolation, particularly when considering that the video amplifier might limit the output to 5 volts! Note, though, that the application of the calibration curve is a theoretical procedure where no electronic or other
limitations exist. We trust that if there had been no signal limitations in the camera, and if
it had been calibrated far beyond 5 volts, the resulting curve would have been very much
the same as our real curve extrapolated beyond 4.1 volts, provided the calibration algorithm is based on radiation physics, like the FLIR Systems algorithm. Of course there
must be a limit to such extrapolations.
Figure 33.2 Relative magnitudes of radiation sources under varying measurement conditions (SW camera). 1: Object temperature; 2: Emittance; Obj: Object radiation; Refl: Reflected radiation; Atm: atmosphere radiation. Fixed parameters: τ = 0.88; Trefl = 20°C (+68°F); Tatm = 20°C (+68°F).
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The measurement formula
Figure 33.3 Relative magnitudes of radiation sources under varying measurement conditions (LW camera). 1: Object temperature; 2: Emittance; Obj: Object radiation; Refl: Reflected radiation; Atm: atmosphere radiation. Fixed parameters: τ = 0.88; Trefl = 20°C (+68°F); Tatm = 20°C (+68°F).
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Emissivity tables
This section presents a compilation of emissivity data from the infrared literature and
measurements made by FLIR Systems.
34.1 References
1. Mikaél A. Bramson: Infrared Radiation, A Handbook for Applications, Plenum press,
N.Y.
2. William L. Wolfe, George J. Zissis: The Infrared Handbook, Office of Naval Research,
Department of Navy, Washington, D.C.
3. Madding, R. P.: Thermographic Instruments and systems. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin – Extension, Department of Engineering and Applied Science.
4. William L. Wolfe: Handbook of Military Infrared Technology, Office of Naval Research,
Department of Navy, Washington, D.C.
5. Jones, Smith, Probert: External thermography of buildings..., Proc. of the Society of
Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, vol.110, Industrial and Civil Applications of
Infrared Technology, June 1977 London.
6. Paljak, Pettersson: Thermography of Buildings, Swedish Building Research Institute,
Stockholm 1972.
7. Vlcek, J: Determination of emissivity with imaging radiometers and some emissivities
at λ = 5 µm. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing.
8. Kern: Evaluation of infrared emission of clouds and ground as measured by weather
satellites, Defence Documentation Center, AD 617 417.
9. Öhman, Claes: Emittansmätningar med AGEMA E-Box. Teknisk rapport, AGEMA
1999. (Emittance measurements using AGEMA E-Box. Technical report, AGEMA
1999.)
10. Matteï, S., Tang-Kwor, E: Emissivity measurements for Nextel Velvet coating 811-21
between –36°C AND 82°C.
11. Lohrengel & Todtenhaupt (1996)
12. ITC Technical publication 32.
13. ITC Technical publication 29.
14. Schuster, Norbert and Kolobrodov, Valentin G. Infrarotthermographie. Berlin: WileyVCH, 2000.
Note The emissivity values in the table below are recorded using a shortwave (SW)
camera. The values should be regarded as recommendations only and used with
caution.
34.2 Tables
Table 34.1 T: Total spectrum; SW: 2–5 µm; LW: 8–14 µm, LLW: 6.5–20 µm; 1: Material; 2: Specification;
3:Temperature in °C; 4: Spectrum; 5: Emissivity: 6:Reference
1
2
3
4
5
6
3M type 35
Vinyl electrical
tape (several
colors)
< 80
LW
≈ 0.96
13
3M type 88
Black vinyl electrical tape
< 105
LW
≈ 0.96
13
3M type 88
Black vinyl electrical tape
< 105
MW
< 0.96
13
3M type Super 33
+
Black vinyl electrical tape
< 80
LW
≈ 0.96
13
Aluminum
anodized sheet
100
T
0.55
2
Aluminum
anodized, black,
dull
70
SW
0.67
9
Aluminum
anodized, black,
dull
70
LW
0.95
9
Aluminum
anodized, light
gray, dull
70
SW
0.61
9
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Emissivity tables
Table 34.1 T: Total spectrum; SW: 2–5 µm; LW: 8–14 µm, LLW: 6.5–20 µm; 1: Material; 2: Specification;
3:Temperature in °C; 4: Spectrum; 5: Emissivity: 6:Reference (continued)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Aluminum
anodized, light
gray, dull
70
LW
0.97
9
Aluminum
as received, plate
100
T
0.09
4
Aluminum
as received,
sheet
100
T
0.09
2
Aluminum
cast, blast
cleaned
70
SW
0.47
9
Aluminum
cast, blast
cleaned
70
LW
0.46
9
Aluminum
dipped in HNO3,
plate
100
T
0.05
4
Aluminum
foil
27
10 µm
0.04
3
Aluminum
foil
27
3 µm
0.09
3
Aluminum
oxidized, strongly
50–500
T
0.2–0.3
1
Aluminum
polished
50–100
T
0.04–0.06
1
Aluminum
polished plate
100
T
0.05
4
Aluminum
polished, sheet
100
T
0.05
2
Aluminum
rough surface
20–50
T
0.06–0.07
1
Aluminum
roughened
27
10 µm
0.18
3
Aluminum
roughened
27
3 µm
0.28
3
Aluminum
sheet, 4 samples
differently
scratched
70
SW
0.05–0.08
9
Aluminum
sheet, 4 samples
differently
scratched
70
LW
0.03–0.06
9
Aluminum
vacuum
deposited
20
T
0.04
2
Aluminum
weathered,
heavily
17
SW
0.83–0.94
5
20
T
0.60
1
Aluminum bronze
Aluminum
hydroxide
powder
T
0.28
1
Aluminum oxide
activated, powder
T
0.46
1
Aluminum oxide
pure, powder
(alumina)
T
0.16
1
Asbestos
board
T
0.96
1
Asbestos
fabric
T
0.78
1
Asbestos
floor tile
35
SW
0.94
7
Asbestos
paper
40–400
T
0.93–0.95
1
Asbestos
powder
T
0.40–0.60
1
Asbestos
slate
20
T
0.96
1
4
LLW
0.967
8
Asphalt paving
20
Brass
dull, tarnished
20–350
T
0.22
1
Brass
oxidized
100
T
0.61
2
Brass
oxidized
70
SW
0.04–0.09
9
Brass
oxidized
70
LW
0.03–0.07
9
Brass
oxidized at 600°C
200–600
T
0.59–0.61
1
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Emissivity tables
Table 34.1 T: Total spectrum; SW: 2–5 µm; LW: 8–14 µm, LLW: 6.5–20 µm; 1: Material; 2: Specification;
3:Temperature in °C; 4: Spectrum; 5: Emissivity: 6:Reference (continued)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Brass
polished
200
T
0.03
1
Brass
polished, highly
100
T
0.03
2
Brass
rubbed with 80grit emery
20
T
0.20
2
Brass
sheet, rolled
20
T
0.06
1
Brass
sheet, worked
with emery
20
T
0.2
1
Brick
alumina
17
SW
0.68
5
Brick
common
17
SW
0.86–0.81
5
Brick
Dinas silica,
glazed, rough
1100
T
0.85
1
Brick
Dinas silica,
refractory
1000
T
0.66
1
Brick
Dinas silica, unglazed, rough
1000
T
0.80
1
Brick
firebrick
17
SW
0.68
5
Brick
fireclay
1000
T
0.75
1
Brick
fireclay
1200
T
0.59
1
Brick
fireclay
20
T
0.85
1
Brick
masonry
35
SW
0.94
7
Brick
masonry,
plastered
20
T
0.94
1
Brick
red, common
20
T
0.93
2
Brick
red, rough
20
T
0.88–0.93
1
Brick
refractory,
corundum
1000
T
0.46
1
Brick
refractory,
magnesite
1000–1300
T
0.38
1
Brick
refractory,
strongly radiating
500–1000
T
0.8–0.9
1
Brick
refractory, weakly
radiating
500–1000
T
0.65–0.75
1
Brick
silica, 95% SiO2
1230
T
0.66
1
Brick
sillimanite, 33%
SiO2, 64% Al2O3
1500
T
0.29
1
Brick
waterproof
17
SW
0.87
5
Bronze
phosphor bronze
70
SW
0.08
9
Bronze
phosphor bronze
70
LW
0.06
9
Bronze
polished
50
T
0.1
1
Bronze
porous, rough
50–150
T
0.55
1
Bronze
powder
T
0.76–0.80
1
Carbon
candle soot
T
0.95
2
Carbon
charcoal powder
T
0.96
1
Carbon
graphite powder
T
0.97
1
Carbon
graphite, filed
surface
20
T
0.98
2
Carbon
lampblack
20–400
T
0.95–0.97
1
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Emissivity tables
Table 34.1 T: Total spectrum; SW: 2–5 µm; LW: 8–14 µm, LLW: 6.5–20 µm; 1: Material; 2: Specification;
3:Temperature in °C; 4: Spectrum; 5: Emissivity: 6:Reference (continued)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Chipboard
untreated
20
SW
0.90
6
Chromium
polished
50
T
0.10
1
Chromium
polished
500–1000
T
0.28–0.38
1
Clay
fired
70
T
0.91
1
Cloth
black
20
T
0.98
1
20
T
0.92
2
Concrete
Concrete
dry
36
SW
0.95
7
Concrete
rough
17
SW
0.97
5
Concrete
walkway
5
LLW
0.974
8
Copper
commercial,
burnished
20
T
0.07
1
Copper
electrolytic, carefully polished
80
T
0.018
1
Copper
electrolytic,
polished
–34
T
0.006
4
Copper
molten
1100–1300
T
0.13–0.15
1
Copper
oxidized
50
T
0.6–0.7
1
Copper
oxidized to
blackness
T
0.88
1
Copper
oxidized, black
27
T
0.78
4
Copper
oxidized, heavily
20
T
0.78
2
Copper
polished
50–100
T
0.02
1
Copper
polished
100
T
0.03
2
Copper
polished,
commercial
27
T
0.03
4
Copper
polished,
mechanical
22
T
0.015
4
Copper
pure, carefully
prepared surface
22
T
0.008
4
Copper
scraped
27
T
0.07
4
Copper dioxide
powder
T
0.84
1
Copper oxide
red, powder
T
0.70
1
Ebonite
Emery
coarse
Enamel
T
0.89
1
80
T
0.85
1
20
T
0.9
1
Enamel
lacquer
20
T
0.85–0.95
1
Fiber board
hard, untreated
20
SW
0.85
6
Fiber board
masonite
70
SW
0.75
9
Fiber board
masonite
70
LW
0.88
9
Fiber board
particle board
70
SW
0.77
9
Fiber board
particle board
70
LW
0.89
9
Fiber board
porous, untreated
20
SW
0.85
6
Glass pane (float
glass)
non-coated
20
LW
0.97
14
Gold
polished
130
T
0.018
1
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Table 34.1 T: Total spectrum; SW: 2–5 µm; LW: 8–14 µm, LLW: 6.5–20 µm; 1: Material; 2: Specification;
3:Temperature in °C; 4: Spectrum; 5: Emissivity: 6:Reference (continued)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Gold
polished, carefully
200–600
T
0.02–0.03
1
Gold
polished, highly
100
T
0.02
2
Granite
polished
20
LLW
0.849
8
Granite
rough
21
LLW
0.879
8
Granite
rough, 4 different
samples
70
SW
0.95–0.97
9
Granite
rough, 4 different
samples
70
LW
0.77–0.87
9
20
T
0.8–0.9
1
Gypsum
Ice: See Water
Iron and steel
cold rolled
70
SW
0.20
9
Iron and steel
cold rolled
70
LW
0.09
9
Iron and steel
covered with red
rust
20
T
0.61–0.85
1
Iron and steel
electrolytic
100
T
0.05
4
Iron and steel
electrolytic
22
T
0.05
4
Iron and steel
electrolytic
260
T
0.07
4
Iron and steel
electrolytic, carefully polished
175–225
T
0.05–0.06
1
Iron and steel
freshly worked
with emery
20
T
0.24
1
Iron and steel
ground sheet
950–1100
T
0.55–0.61
1
Iron and steel
heavily rusted
sheet
20
T
0.69
2
Iron and steel
hot rolled
130
T
0.60
1
Iron and steel
hot rolled
20
T
0.77
1
Iron and steel
oxidized
100
T
0.74
4
Iron and steel
oxidized
100
T
0.74
1
Iron and steel
oxidized
1227
T
0.89
4
Iron and steel
oxidized
125–525
T
0.78–0.82
1
Iron and steel
oxidized
200
T
0.79
2
Iron and steel
oxidized
200–600
T
0.80
1
Iron and steel
oxidized strongly
50
T
0.88
1
Iron and steel
oxidized strongly
500
T
0.98
1
Iron and steel
polished
100
T
0.07
2
Iron and steel
polished
400–1000
T
0.14–0.38
1
Iron and steel
polished sheet
750–1050
T
0.52–0.56
1
Iron and steel
rolled sheet
50
T
0.56
1
Iron and steel
rolled, freshly
20
T
0.24
1
Iron and steel
rough, plane
surface
50
T
0.95–0.98
1
Iron and steel
rusted red, sheet
22
T
0.69
4
Iron and steel
rusted, heavily
17
SW
0.96
5
Iron and steel
rusty, red
20
T
0.69
1
Iron and steel
shiny oxide layer,
sheet,
20
T
0.82
1
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Emissivity tables
Table 34.1 T: Total spectrum; SW: 2–5 µm; LW: 8–14 µm, LLW: 6.5–20 µm; 1: Material; 2: Specification;
3:Temperature in °C; 4: Spectrum; 5: Emissivity: 6:Reference (continued)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Iron and steel
shiny, etched
150
T
0.16
1
Iron and steel
wrought, carefully
polished
40–250
T
0.28
1
Iron galvanized
heavily oxidized
70
SW
0.64
9
Iron galvanized
heavily oxidized
70
LW
0.85
9
Iron galvanized
sheet
92
T
0.07
4
Iron galvanized
sheet, burnished
30
T
0.23
1
Iron galvanized
sheet, oxidized
20
T
0.28
1
Iron tinned
sheet
24
T
0.064
4
Iron, cast
casting
50
T
0.81
1
Iron, cast
ingots
1000
T
0.95
1
Iron, cast
liquid
1300
T
0.28
1
Iron, cast
machined
800–1000
T
0.60–0.70
1
Iron, cast
oxidized
100
T
0.64
2
Iron, cast
oxidized
260
T
0.66
4
Iron, cast
oxidized
38
T
0.63
4
Iron, cast
oxidized
538
T
0.76
4
Iron, cast
oxidized at 600°C
200–600
T
0.64–0.78
1
Iron, cast
polished
200
T
0.21
1
Iron, cast
polished
38
T
0.21
4
Iron, cast
polished
40
T
0.21
2
Iron, cast
unworked
900–1100
T
0.87–0.95
1
Krylon Ultra-flat
black 1602
Flat black
Room temperature up to 175
LW
≈ 0.96
12
Krylon Ultra-flat
black 1602
Flat black
Room temperature up to 175
MW
≈ 0.97
12
Lacquer
3 colors sprayed
on Aluminum
70
SW
0.50–0.53
9
Lacquer
3 colors sprayed
on Aluminum
70
LW
0.92–0.94
9
Lacquer
Aluminum on
rough surface
20
T
0.4
1
Lacquer
bakelite
80
T
0.83
1
Lacquer
black, dull
40–100
T
0.96–0.98
1
Lacquer
black, matte
100
T
0.97
2
Lacquer
black, shiny,
sprayed on iron
20
T
0.87
1
Lacquer
heat–resistant
100
T
0.92
1
Lacquer
white
100
T
0.92
2
Lacquer
white
40–100
T
0.8–0.95
1
Lead
oxidized at 200°C
200
T
0.63
1
Lead
oxidized, gray
20
T
0.28
1
Lead
oxidized, gray
22
T
0.28
4
Lead
shiny
250
T
0.08
1
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Emissivity tables
Table 34.1 T: Total spectrum; SW: 2–5 µm; LW: 8–14 µm, LLW: 6.5–20 µm; 1: Material; 2: Specification;
3:Temperature in °C; 4: Spectrum; 5: Emissivity: 6:Reference (continued)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Lead
unoxidized,
polished
100
T
0.05
4
Lead red
100
T
0.93
4
Lead red, powder
100
T
0.93
1
T
0.75–0.80
1
T
0.3–0.4
1
Leather
tanned
Lime
Magnesium
22
T
0.07
4
Magnesium
260
T
0.13
4
Magnesium
538
T
0.18
4
20
T
0.07
2
T
0.86
1
Magnesium
polished
Magnesium
powder
Molybdenum
1500–2200
T
0.19–0.26
1
Molybdenum
600–1000
T
0.08–0.13
1
700–2500
T
0.1–0.3
1
Molybdenum
filament
17
SW
0.87
5
Mortar
dry
36
SW
0.94
7
Nextel Velvet
811-21 Black
Flat black
–60–150
LW
> 0.97
10 and
11
Nichrome
rolled
700
T
0.25
1
Nichrome
sandblasted
700
T
0.70
1
Nichrome
wire, clean
50
T
0.65
1
Nichrome
wire, clean
500–1000
T
0.71–0.79
1
Nichrome
wire, oxidized
50–500
T
0.95–0.98
1
Nickel
bright matte
122
T
0.041
4
Nickel
commercially
pure, polished
100
T
0.045
1
Nickel
commercially
pure, polished
200–400
T
0.07–0.09
1
Nickel
electrolytic
22
T
0.04
4
Nickel
electrolytic
260
T
0.07
4
Nickel
electrolytic
38
T
0.06
4
Nickel
electrolytic
538
T
0.10
4
Nickel
electroplated on
iron, polished
22
T
0.045
4
Nickel
electroplated on
iron, unpolished
20
T
0.11–0.40
1
Nickel
electroplated on
iron, unpolished
22
T
0.11
4
Nickel
electroplated,
polished
20
T
0.05
2
Nickel
oxidized
1227
T
0.85
4
Nickel
oxidized
200
T
0.37
2
Nickel
oxidized
227
T
0.37
4
Nickel
oxidized at 600°C
200–600
T
0.37–0.48
1
Nickel
polished
122
T
0.045
4
Mortar
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
168
34
Emissivity tables
Table 34.1 T: Total spectrum; SW: 2–5 µm; LW: 8–14 µm, LLW: 6.5–20 µm; 1: Material; 2: Specification;
3:Temperature in °C; 4: Spectrum; 5: Emissivity: 6:Reference (continued)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Nickel
wire
200–1000
T
0.1–0.2
1
1000–1250
T
0.75–0.86
1
Nickel oxide
Nickel oxide
500–650
T
0.52–0.59
1
Oil, lubricating
0.025 mm film
20
T
0.27
2
Oil, lubricating
0.050 mm film
20
T
0.46
2
Oil, lubricating
0.125 mm film
20
T
0.72
2
Oil, lubricating
film on Ni base:
Ni base only
20
T
0.05
2
Oil, lubricating
thick coating
20
T
0.82
2
Paint
8 different colors
and qualities
70
SW
0.88–0.96
9
Paint
8 different colors
and qualities
70
LW
0.92–0.94
9
Paint
Aluminum, various ages
50–100
T
0.27–0.67
1
Paint
cadmium yellow
T
0.28–0.33
1
Paint
chrome green
T
0.65–0.70
1
Paint
cobalt blue
T
0.7–0.8
1
Paint
oil
17
SW
0.87
5
Paint
oil based, average of 16 colors
100
T
0.94
2
Paint
oil, black flat
20
SW
0.94
6
Paint
oil, black gloss
20
SW
0.92
6
Paint
oil, gray flat
20
SW
0.97
6
Paint
oil, gray gloss
20
SW
0.96
6
Paint
oil, various colors
100
T
0.92–0.96
1
Paint
plastic, black
20
SW
0.95
6
Paint
plastic, white
20
SW
0.84
6
Paper
4 different colors
70
SW
0.68–0.74
9
Paper
4 different colors
70
LW
0.92–0.94
9
Paper
black
T
0.90
1
Paper
black, dull
T
0.94
1
Paper
black, dull
70
SW
0.86
9
Paper
black, dull
70
LW
0.89
9
Paper
blue, dark
T
0.84
1
Paper
coated with black
lacquer
T
0.93
1
Paper
green
T
0.85
1
Paper
red
T
0.76
1
Paper
white
20
T
0.7–0.9
1
Paper
white bond
20
T
0.93
2
Paper
white, 3 different
glosses
70
SW
0.76–0.78
9
Paper
white, 3 different
glosses
70
LW
0.88–0.90
9
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
169
34
Emissivity tables
Table 34.1 T: Total spectrum; SW: 2–5 µm; LW: 8–14 µm, LLW: 6.5–20 µm; 1: Material; 2: Specification;
3:Temperature in °C; 4: Spectrum; 5: Emissivity: 6:Reference (continued)
1
2
Paper
yellow
Plaster
3
4
5
6
T
0.72
1
17
SW
0.86
5
Plaster
plasterboard,
untreated
20
SW
0.90
6
Plaster
rough coat
20
T
0.91
2
Plastic
glass fibre laminate (printed circ.
board)
70
SW
0.94
9
Plastic
glass fibre laminate (printed circ.
board)
70
LW
0.91
9
Plastic
polyurethane isolation board
70
LW
0.55
9
Plastic
polyurethane isolation board
70
SW
0.29
9
Plastic
PVC, plastic floor,
dull, structured
70
SW
0.94
9
Plastic
PVC, plastic floor,
dull, structured
70
LW
0.93
9
Platinum
100
T
0.05
4
Platinum
1000–1500
T
0.14–0.18
1
Platinum
1094
T
0.18
4
Platinum
17
T
0.016
4
Platinum
22
T
0.03
4
Platinum
260
T
0.06
4
Platinum
538
T
0.10
4
Platinum
pure, polished
200–600
T
0.05–0.10
1
Platinum
ribbon
900–1100
T
0.12–0.17
1
Platinum
wire
1400
T
0.18
1
Platinum
wire
500–1000
T
0.10–0.16
1
Platinum
wire
50–200
T
0.06–0.07
1
Porcelain
glazed
20
T
0.92
1
Porcelain
white, shiny
T
0.70–0.75
1
Rubber
hard
20
T
0.95
1
Rubber
soft, gray, rough
20
T
0.95
1
T
0.60
1
20
T
0.90
2
Sand
Sand
Sandstone
polished
19
LLW
0.909
8
Sandstone
rough
19
LLW
0.935
8
Silver
polished
100
T
0.03
2
Silver
pure, polished
200–600
T
0.02–0.03
1
Skin
human
32
T
0.98
2
Slag
boiler
0–100
T
0.97–0.93
1
Slag
boiler
1400–1800
T
0.69–0.67
1
Slag
boiler
200–500
T
0.89–0.78
1
Slag
boiler
600–1200
T
0.76–0.70
1
Snow: See Water
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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34
Emissivity tables
Table 34.1 T: Total spectrum; SW: 2–5 µm; LW: 8–14 µm, LLW: 6.5–20 µm; 1: Material; 2: Specification;
3:Temperature in °C; 4: Spectrum; 5: Emissivity: 6:Reference (continued)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Soil
dry
20
T
0.92
2
Soil
saturated with
water
20
T
0.95
2
Stainless steel
alloy, 8% Ni, 18%
Cr
500
T
0.35
1
Stainless steel
rolled
700
T
0.45
1
Stainless steel
sandblasted
700
T
0.70
1
Stainless steel
sheet, polished
70
SW
0.18
9
Stainless steel
sheet, polished
70
LW
0.14
9
Stainless steel
sheet, untreated,
somewhat
scratched
70
SW
0.30
9
Stainless steel
sheet, untreated,
somewhat
scratched
70
LW
0.28
9
Stainless steel
type 18-8, buffed
20
T
0.16
2
Stainless steel
type 18-8, oxidized at 800°C
60
T
0.85
2
Stucco
rough, lime
10–90
T
0.91
1
Styrofoam
insulation
37
SW
0.60
7
T
0.79–0.84
1
Tar
paper
20
T
0.91–0.93
1
Tile
glazed
17
SW
0.94
5
Tin
burnished
20–50
T
0.04–0.06
1
Tin
tin–plated sheet
iron
100
T
0.07
2
Titanium
oxidized at 540°C
1000
T
0.60
1
Titanium
oxidized at 540°C
200
T
0.40
1
Titanium
oxidized at 540°C
500
T
0.50
1
Titanium
polished
1000
T
0.36
1
Titanium
polished
200
T
0.15
1
Titanium
polished
500
T
0.20
1
Tungsten
1500–2200
T
0.24–0.31
1
Tungsten
200
T
0.05
1
Tungsten
600–1000
T
0.1–0.16
1
Tar
Tungsten
filament
3300
T
0.39
1
Varnish
flat
20
SW
0.93
6
Varnish
on oak parquet
floor
70
SW
0.90
9
Varnish
on oak parquet
floor
70
LW
0.90–0.93
9
Wallpaper
slight pattern,
light gray
20
SW
0.85
6
Wallpaper
slight pattern, red
20
SW
0.90
6
Water
distilled
20
T
0.96
2
Water
frost crystals
–10
T
0.98
2
Water
ice, covered with
heavy frost
0
T
0.98
1
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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34
Emissivity tables
Table 34.1 T: Total spectrum; SW: 2–5 µm; LW: 8–14 µm, LLW: 6.5–20 µm; 1: Material; 2: Specification;
3:Temperature in °C; 4: Spectrum; 5: Emissivity: 6:Reference (continued)
1
2
3
4
5
6
Water
ice, smooth
0
T
0.97
1
Water
ice, smooth
–10
T
0.96
2
Water
layer >0.1 mm
thick
0–100
T
0.95–0.98
1
Water
snow
Water
snow
Wood
Wood
T
0.8
1
–10
T
0.85
2
17
SW
0.98
5
19
LLW
0.962
8
T
0.5–0.7
1
Wood
ground
Wood
pine, 4 different
samples
70
SW
0.67–0.75
9
Wood
pine, 4 different
samples
70
LW
0.81–0.89
9
Wood
planed
20
T
0.8–0.9
1
Wood
planed oak
20
T
0.90
2
Wood
planed oak
70
SW
0.77
9
Wood
planed oak
70
LW
0.88
9
Wood
plywood, smooth,
dry
36
SW
0.82
7
Wood
plywood,
untreated
20
SW
0.83
6
Wood
white, damp
20
T
0.7–0.8
1
Zinc
oxidized at 400°C
400
T
0.11
1
Zinc
oxidized surface
1000–1200
T
0.50–0.60
1
Zinc
polished
200–300
T
0.04–0.05
1
Zinc
sheet
50
T
0.20
1
#T559845; r. AJ/37554/37554; en-US
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T559845
AJ
37554
37554
en-US
2016-09-30
2016-09-30