SPECIFICATION
CONTROL
DRAWING
REVISIONS
REV.
A
B
C
DATE
DESCRIPTION
05/21/12 Initial Release
07/23/12 Added Operating Instructions, Section 1.7
07/30/12 Revised Operating Instructions, Section 1.7
ECO NO.
----92881
93009
8.5"
GDR 66
Installation Manual
3-Hole
Punch
11"
AVIATION REVIEW REQUIRED
NOTES:
1. DESCRIPTION: GDR 66 Installation Documentation - GDR 66 Installation Manual
Letter: Width = 8.5 inches, Height = 11 inches
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The following files have been archived under the above ARCHIVE FILENAME.
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Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
c/o Garmin International, Inc.
1200 E. 151st Street
Olathe, Kansas 66062 U.S.A.
CONFIDENTIAL
This drawing and the specifications contained herein are the property of Garmin
Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be reproduced or used in whole or in part as
the basis for manufacture or sale of products without written permission .
Date:
Drafter:
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05/23/12
Checker:
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05/23/12
Project Engineer:
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05/23/12
Released By:
MKD
05/24/12
TITLE:
GDR 66 Installation Manual
SIZE PART NO:
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Scale: N/A
190-00303-24
AVIATION REVIEW REQUIRED Sht. 1
REV.
C
of 1
GDR 66
Transceiver Installation
Manual
190-00303-24
July, 2012
Revision C
© Copyright 2012
Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
All Rights Reserved
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied,
transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without
the express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a
single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic
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provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision must contain the complete
text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of
this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 E. 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062 USA
Telephone: 913.397.8200
Aviation Panel-Mount Technical Support Line (Toll Free) 1.888.606.5482
www.garmin.com
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road
Hounsdown Business Park
Southampton, SO40 9RB U.K.
+44/ (0) 870.8501241
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Rd., SE
Salem, OR 97302 USA
Telephone: 503.581.8101
RECORD OF REVISIONS
Revision Revision Date
Description
A
05/21/2012
Initial Release
B
07/23/2012
Added Operating Instructions, Section 1.7
C
07/30/20/12
Revised Operating Instructions, Section 1.7
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page A
190-00303-24
Rev. C
INFORMATION SUBJECT TO EXPORT CONTROL LAWS
This document may contain information which is subject to the Export Administration Regulations
("EAR") issued by the United States Department of Commerce (15 CFR, Chapter VII, Subchapter C) and
which may not be exported, released, or disclosed to foreign nationals inside or outside of the United States
without first obtaining an export license. The preceding statement is required to be included on any and all
reproductions in whole or in part of this manual.
WARNING
This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the
State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. This
Notice is being provided in accordance with California's Proposition 65. If you
have any questions or would like additional information, please refer to our web
site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
CURRENT REVISION DESCRIPTION
Revision
C
Page
Number(s)
Section
Number
1-8 – 1-10
1.7
1-10
1.8
Description of Change
Removed reference to generic Pilot’s Guide, added generic
operating instructions
Removed Generic Pilot’s Guide from Table 1-10
DOCUMENT PAGINATION
Section
Table of Contents
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
Section 4
Appendix A
Appendix B
190-00303-24
Rev. C
Page Range
i – vi
1-1 – 1-10
2-1 – 2-4
3-1 – 3-4
4-1 – 4-10
A-1 – A-5
B-1 – B-3
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page i
Aviation Limited Warranty
All Garmin avionics products are warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for: one
years from the date of purchase for new Remote-Mount and Panel-Mount products; one year from the date
of purchase for new portable products and any purchased newly-overhauled products; six months for
newly-overhauled products exchanged through a Garmin Authorized Service Center; and 90 days for
factory repaired or newly-overhauled products exchanged at Garmin in lieu of repair. Within the applicable
period, Garmin will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such
repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor, provided that the
customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost. This warranty does not apply to: (i) cosmetic
damage, such as scratches, nicks and dents; (ii) consumable parts, such as batteries, unless product damage
has occurred due to a defect in materials or workmanship; (iii) damage caused by accident, abuse, misuse,
water, flood, fire, or other acts of nature or external causes; (iv) damage caused by service performed by
anyone who is not an authorized service provider of Garmin; or (v) damage to a product that has been
modified or altered without the written permission of Garmin. In addition, Garmin reserves the right to
refuse warranty claims against products or services that are obtained and/or used in contravention of the
laws of any country.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, WHETHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY
LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU
SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE OR
INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES DO
NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE
ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace (with a new or newly-overhauled replacement
product) the product or software or offer a full refund of the purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH
REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF
WARRANTY.
Online Auction Purchases: Products purchased through online auctions are not eligible for warranty
coverage. Online auction confirmations are not accepted for warranty verification. To obtain warranty
service, an original or copy of the sales receipt from the original retailer is required. Garmin will not
replace missing components from any package purchased through an online auction.
International Purchases: A separate warranty may be provided by international distributors for devices
purchased outside the United States depending on the country. If applicable, this warranty is provided by
the local in-country distributor and this distributor provides local service for your device. Distributor
warranties are only valid in the area of intended distribution. Devices purchased in the United States or
Canada must be returned to the Garmin service center in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada,
or Taiwan for service.
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Phone:913/397.8200
FAX:913/397.0836
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page ii
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road
Hounsdown Business Park
Romsey, SO40 9RB, U.K.
Phone:44/ (0) 870.8501241
FAX:44/ (0) 870.850125
190-00303-24
Rev. C
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PARAGRAPH
PAGE
Section 1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION .............................................................1-1
1.1 Introduction...................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 Equipment Description ................................................................................................... 1-1
1.3 Interface Summary.......................................................................................................... 1-1
1.4 Technical Specifications .................................................................................................. 1-2
1.5 License Requirements...................................................................................................... 1-6
1.6 Certification ..................................................................................................................... 1-7
1.7 Operating Instructions...................................................................................................... 1-8
1.8 Reference Documents .................................................................................................... 1-10
Section 2 INSTALLATION OVERVIEW........................................................2-1
2.1 Introduction...................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 Installation Materials ....................................................................................................... 2-1
2.3 Equipment Available ....................................................................................................... 2-1
2.4 Installation Considerations .............................................................................................. 2-2
2.5 Cabling and Wiring.......................................................................................................... 2-3
2.6 Cooling Air ...................................................................................................................... 2-4
2.7 Mounting Requirements .................................................................................................. 2-4
Section 3 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE .....................................................3-1
3.1 Unpacking Unit................................................................................................................ 3-1
3.2 Wiring Harness Installation ............................................................................................. 3-1
3.3 Antenna Installation ......................................................................................................... 3-2
3.4 Cable Installation ............................................................................................................. 3-3
3.5 Backshell Assembly......................................................................................................... 3-4
3.6 Final Installation .............................................................................................................. 3-4
3.7 Post Installation Configuration & Checkout.................................................................... 3-4
3.8 Continued Airworthiness ................................................................................................. 3-4
Section 4 SYSTEM INTERCONNECTS..........................................................4-1
4.1 Pin Function List.............................................................................................................. 4-1
4.2 Power Functions .............................................................................................................. 4-4
4.3 Serial Data........................................................................................................................ 4-6
4.4 Discrete I/O...................................................................................................................... 4-8
4.5 Audio ............................................................................................................................... 4-9
Appendix A OUTLINE AND INSTALLATION DRAWINGS.....................A-1
Appendix B INTERCONNECT EXAMPLES ................................................B-1
190-00303-24
Rev. C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page iii
LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE
PAGE
Section 1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION .............................................................1-1
Section 2 INSTALLATION OVERVIEW........................................................2-1
Figure 2-1. GDR 66 Standalone Rack ................................................................................... 2-4
Section 3 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE .....................................................3-1
Figure 3-1. TNC Connector Installation ................................................................................ 3-3
Section 4 SYSTEM INTERCONNECTS..........................................................4-1
Figure 4-1. View of J661 connector, from back of unit ........................................................ 4-1
Figure 4-2. View of J662 connector, from back of unit ........................................................ 4-2
Appendix A OUTLINE AND INSTALLATION DRAWINGS ....................A-1
Figure A-1 GDR 66 Outline Drawing .................................................................................. A-1
Figure A-2 GDR 66 with Optional Air Channel Kit Outline Drawing ................................ A-2
Figure A-3 GDR 66 Connector/Rack Assembly and Optional Air Channel Kit Drawing... A-3
Figure A-4 GDR 66 Minimum Installation/Removal Clearance.......................................... A-4
Figure A-5 GDR 66 Air Channel Kit Assembly Drawing.................................................... A-5
Appendix B INTERCONNECT EXAMPLES................................................B-1
Figure B-1 GDR 66 Power and Antenna Interconnect Example...........................................B-1
Figure B-2 GDR 66 VDL Mode 2 Interconnect Example.....................................................B-2
Figure B-3 GDR 66 Analog Voice Mode Interconnect Example..........................................B-3
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page iv
190-00303-24
Rev. C
LIST OF TABLES
TABLE
PAGE
Section 1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION .............................................................1-1
Physical Characteristics ......................................................................................................... 1-2
Power Requirements .............................................................................................................. 1-3
TX Power (into 50Ω load) vs Bus Voltage............................................................................ 1-3
Transceiver Specifications ..................................................................................................... 1-4
Digital Transceiver Characteristics........................................................................................ 1-5
License Requirements............................................................................................................ 1-6
TSO/ETSO Compliance ........................................................................................................ 1-7
TSO/ETSO Deviations .......................................................................................................... 1-7
Reference Documents .......................................................................................................... 1-10
Section 2 INSTALLATION OVERVIEW........................................................2-1
Available Units ...................................................................................................................... 2-1
Required Equipment .............................................................................................................. 2-1
Optional Equipment ............................................................................................................... 2-1
Additional Equipment Required ............................................................................................ 2-1
Section 3 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE .....................................................3-1
Pin Contact Part Numbers...................................................................................................... 3-1
Section 4 SYSTEM INTERCONNECTS..........................................................4-1
P661 Connector...................................................................................................................... 4-1
P662 Connector...................................................................................................................... 4-2
Aircraft Power........................................................................................................................ 4-4
Remote Power Off ................................................................................................................. 4-4
System ID Program................................................................................................................ 4-5
Unit Number Configuration................................................................................................... 4-5
RS-422 ................................................................................................................................... 4-6
RS-232 ................................................................................................................................... 4-6
ARINC 429 ............................................................................................................................ 4-7
Discrete Inputs ....................................................................................................................... 4-8
Key Event Out ....................................................................................................................... 4-8
Com Mic Audio ..................................................................................................................... 4-9
Com Audio Out...................................................................................................................... 4-9
Com Mic Key......................................................................................................................... 4-9
Com Remote Transfer.......................................................................................................... 4-10
SELCAL Audio and ACARS Data Out............................................................................... 4-10
Appendix A OUTLINE AND INSTALLATION DRAWINGS ....................A-1
Appendix B INTERCONNECT EXAMPLES................................................B-1
190-00303-24
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GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page v
This page intentionally left blank
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page vi
190-00303-24
Rev. C
1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION
1.1 Introduction
This manual presents mechanical and electrical installation requirements for installing the GDR 66 as part
of a Garmin Integrated Flight Deck. The GDR 66 can be integrated into a variety of airframes under an
appropriate TC or STC. Each airframe installation may vary. Use only approved (type or supplemental
type) data for specific installation instructions in a particular aircraft.
1.2
Equipment Description
The GDR 66 is a remote mounted digital communications transceiver. The GDR 66 operates in the
following modes in the 118.000 to 137.000 MHz VHF aviation communications band:
•
•
•
1.3
Analog Voice Mode (ARINC 716 Voice): Voice communications using DSB-AM modulation with
8.33 and 25 kHz channel spacing.
VDL Mode A (ARINC 716 Data): ACARS using DSB-AM modulation with a 2.4 kbps data rate
and 25 kHz channel spacing.
VDL Mode 2 (ARINC 750 Data): Data link using D8PSK modulation with a 31.5 kbps data rate
and 25 kHz channel spacing.
Interface Summary
The GDR 66 provides the following interfaces:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2 RS-422 inputs
2 RS-422 outputs
1 RS-232 input
1 RS-232 output
5 configurable ARINC 429 inputs
2 configurable ARINC 429 outputs
8 configurable active low discrete inputs
5 active low discrete inputs: COM MIC KEY*, COM REMOTE TRANSFER*, GDR SYSTEM
ID PROGRAM* 1, GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 2, GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 3
1 active high discrete input: COM REMOTE POWER OFF
1 active low discrete outputs: KEY EVENT OUT*
1 analog microphone audio input
1 analog audio output
1 SELCAL audio/ACARS analog data output
2 aircraft power bus inputs
190-00303-24
Rev. C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 1-1
1.4 Technical Specifications
1.4.1
Environmental Qualification Form
It is the responsibility of the installing agency to obtain the latest revision of the GDR 66 Environmental
Qualification Form. This form is available directly from Garmin under the following part number:
GDR 66 Environmental Qualification Form, Garmin part number 005-00548-01
To obtain a copy of this form, see the dealer/OEM portion of the Garmin web site (www.garmin.com).
1.4.2
Physical Characteristics
Table 1-1 list the physical characteristics for the GDR 66 unit, rack, and connectors. Please refer to
Appendix A for additional information.
Table 1-1 Physical Characteristics
Characteristics
Specifications
Width (with Rack)
2.06 inches (5.23 cm)
Height (with Rack)
6.62 inches (16.8 cm)
Depth (with Rack & Connectors)
10.1 inches (25.8 cm)
Unit Weight
4.2 lbs. (1.9 kg)
Rack Weight
0.36 lbs. (0.16 kg)
Connector Weight
0.33 lbs. (0.15 kg)
Air Channel Kit
0.14 lbs (0.06kg)
1.4.3
General Specifications
For detailed specifications, see the Environmental Qualification Form.
Table 1-2 General Specifications
Characteristics
Specifications
Operating Temperature Range
-55°C to +70°C. For more details see Environmental Qualification Form.
Humidity
95% non-condensing
Altitude Range
-1,500 ft to 55,000 ft
Software Compliance
RTCA/DO-178B Level C, EUROCAE/ED-12B Level C
Environmental Conditions
RTCA/DO-160E, EUROCAE/ED-14E
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 1-2
190-00303-24
Rev. C
1.4.4
Power Requirements
Table 1-3 Power Requirements
Characteristics
Input Voltage
Specifications
14/28 Vdc. See the Environmental Qualification Form for details on surge
ratings and minimum/maximum operating voltages.
14V
28V
1.4.5
Receive (AM or VDL)
Maximum 3.0A
Transmit (AM or VDL)
Maximum 9.0A
Receive (AM or VDL)
Maximum 1.5A
Transmit (AM or VDL)
Maximum 8.0A
Transmitter Power Versus Aircraft Bus Voltage
Table 1-4 TX Power (into 50Ω load) vs Bus Voltage
Aircraft Power Bus Voltage (V)
Tx Power AM Mode
Tx Power VDL Mode
V ≥ 22.0 V
16 W minimum
20 W Typical
15 W minimum
20 W Typical
22.0 > V ≥11.0
8 W minimum
10 W Typical
7.5 W minimum
10 W Typical
11.0 > V ≥10.25
4 W minimum
5 W Typical
4 W minimum
5 W Typical
NOTE
GDR 66 does not claim Emergency Operation as defined by RTCA DO-160E, Section 16
190-00303-24
Rev. C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 1-3
1.4.6
COM Transceiver Specifications
The GDR 66 Transceiver minimally meets the requirements of DO-186B and ED-23B. Refer to Table 1-5
for detailed specifications.
Table 1-5 Transceiver Specifications
Characteristics
Specifications
Audio Outputs
Received Audio: 40 mW minimum into a 600Ω load
SELCAL/Data: 10.4 mW minimum into a 600Ω load
Audio Response
Less than 6 dB of variation between 300 and 2500 Hz
Greater than 40dB rejection above 3750 Hz
Audio Distortion
Not greater than 20.0% across the band from 300 Hz to 2500 Hz
with a 90% modulated signal. No greater than 7.5% with a 30%
modulated signal
Receiver Dynamic Range
-107 dBm to +10 dBm typical
Sensitivity
(S+N)/N on all channels shall be greater than 6 dB when the RF
level
is -107dBm modulated 30% at 1000 Hz
Squelch
Selectable between 0 to 20 dB SNR. Squelch hysteresis is
selectable up to 15 dB
Spurious Response
74 dB minimum (-33 dBm signal produces no more output than
desired signal producing 6 dB (S+N)/N)
Multi-Carrier Operation
Meets multi-carrier sensitivity, distortion, and audio output level
requirements of ED-23C for Class C and Class H2 reveivers.
Transmitter Power
See Section 1.4.5
Transmitter Duty Cycle
10% maximum, thermally limited, 30 second limit per transmission
Modulation Capability
The modulation shall not be less than 70% with a standard
modulator signal applied to the transmitter
Carrier Noise Level
Shall be at least 45 dB (S+N)/N
Frequency Stability
+ / - 5ppm (-55ºC to +70ºC with a 5-minute warmup at -55ºC)
Demodulated Audio Distortion
Less than 10% distortion when the transmitter is modulated at
least 70%
Sidetone
1.4 Vrms into a 600Ω load
Transmit Modulation Fidelity
Shall be less than 6 dB when the audio input frequency is varied
from 350 to 2500 Hz
Microphone Sensitivity
See Section 4.5.1.1
Spurious Emissions - Global
Navigation Satellite System Band
Harmonic Emission products in the band extending from 1559 to
1610 MHz shall be no greater than -60dBm
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 1-4
190-00303-24
Rev. C
1.4.7
Digital Transceiver Characteristics
The GDR 66 Transceiver minimally meets the requirements of DO-281A. Refer to Table 1-6 for detailed
specifications.
Table 1-6 Digital Transceiver Characteristics
Characteristics
Specifications
Dynamic Range
+10dBm to -98dBm typical
Sensitivity
Uncorrected BER of no more than 0.001 at -98 dBm
Transmitter Power
See Section 1.4.5
Transmitter Duty Cycle
20% maximum, thermally limited
Modulation Capability
D8PSK
Frequency Stability
+ / - 5ppm (-55ºC to +70ºC with a 5-minute warmup at -55ºC)
Transmit Symbol Constellation
Error
EVM of less than 6%
Spurious Emissions - Global
Navigation Satellite System Band
Harmonic Emission products in the band extending from 1559 to
1610 MHz shall be no greater than -60dBm
190-00303-24
Rev. C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 1-5
1.5 License Requirements
The Telecommunications Act of 1996, effective February 8, 1996, provides the FCC discretion to
eliminate radio station license requirements for aircraft and ships. The GDR 66 installation must comply
with current transmitter licensing requirements. To find out the specific details on whether a particular
installation is exempt from licensing, please visit the FCC web site http://wireless.fcc.gov/aviation.
Table 1-7 License Requirements
Characteristic
Specification
Transmitter Description:
Aviation-band VHF transceiver with 25 and 8.33 kHz channel
spacing.
Antenna Characteristics:
Broad band, 50 ohm, vertically polarized.
Rated Power:
20 Watts
Emission Type (Voice):
6K00A3E (25 kHz Channel Spacing Mode)
5K60A3E (8.33 kHz Channel Spacing Mode)
Emission Type (Data):
Frequency of Operation:
13K0A2D (VDL Mode A, ACARS)
14K0G1D (VDL Mode 2)
118.000 – 136.975 MHz in 25 KHz AM or VDL Mode
118.000 – 136.99166 MHz in 8.3 KHz AM Mode
If an aircraft license is required, make application for a license on FCC form 404, Application for Aircraft
Radio Station License. The FCC also has a fax-on-demand service to provide forms by fax. The GDR 66
owner accepts all responsibility for obtaining the proper licensing before using the transmitter.
International transmitter license procedures vary by country. Contact the local spectrum agency for license
requirements.
NOTE
The VHF transmitter in this equipment is guaranteed to meet federal communications
commission acceptance over the operating temperature range. Modifications not
expressly approved by Garmin could invalidate the license and make it unlawful to
operate the equipment.
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 1-6
190-00303-24
Rev. C
1.6 Certification
The conditions and tests required for TSO approval of this article are minimum performance standards.
Those installing this article, on or within a specific type or class of aircraft, are responsible for determining
that the aircraft installation conditions are suitable for the TSO article. TSO articles must have separate
approval for installation in an aircraft. The article may be installed only if performed under 14 CFR part
43 or the applicable airworthiness requirements. At the time of publication, installations of this TSO
approved article are only approved when installed in an aircraft as part of a Garmin Integrated Flight Deck
under an appropriate TC or STC.
The Appliance Project Identifier (API) for the GDR 66 is GMN-00832. Documents submitted to the FAA,
EASA and other regulatory agencies on behalf of this project will be filed under and referred to by this
number.
Development assurance levels for all functions provided by the GDR 66 can be found in Table 1-2.
As required by TSO-C169a and TSO-C160, the quantitative safety objective for the GDR 66 is 1 x 10-4 per
flight hour for Class I Part 23 airplanes and 1 x 10-5 per flight hour for all other Part 23 airplanes and Part
25, 27, and 29 aircraft. To meet these requirements for all aircraft, it is necessary to install a second VHF
communications radio.
1.6.1
TSO/ETSO Compliance
Table 1-8 TSO/ETSO Compliance
Function
TSO/ETSO/RTCA/
EUROCAE
Class
VHF COM Transceiver
from 117.975 –
137.000 MHz
TSO-C169a
RTCA/DO-186B
EUROCAE/ED-23B
TX – 3,4,5,6
RX – C,E
VDL Mode 2
Communications
Equipment
TSO-C160
RTCA/DO-281A
EUROCAE/ED-92A
TX – 7,8
RX – F
Architecture – Y
TSO-C128A
RTCA/DO-207
EUROCAE/ED-67
N/A
Equipment that prevents
blocked channels due to
unintentional
transmissions
1.6.2
Applicable LRU
SW Part Numbers
Applicable
Boot Block SW
Part Numbers
006-B1055-0(_)
All
006-B1055-B(_)
except
006-B1055-BA
through
006-B1055-BC
006-B1056-0(_)
All
006-B1056-B(_)
except
006-B1056-BA
through
006-B1056-BC
TSO/ETSO Deviations
Table 1-9 TSO/ETSO Deviations
TSO/ETSO
TSO-C169a
190-00303-24
Rev. C
Deviation
1. Garmin was granted a deviation from TSO-C169a paragraph 4.a.2 to allow the unit to
be permanently and legibly marked with a serial number and not the date of manufacture.
2. Garmin was granted a deviation from RTCA/DO-186B, Sections 2.4.8 and 2.5.8 to
interpret Fluids Susceptibility testing as “when required”.
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 1-7
1.6.3
Equipment Limitations
A standalone GDR 66 can perform the function of a VHF COM transceiver set forth in TSO-C169a. A
Garmin Integrated Flight Deck or similar system is required to provide tuning control and to set the audio
output level.
The GDR 66 is designed as a TSO-C160 Class Y VDR and must be installed with TSO-C160 Class Z
CMU equipment in order to meet the full functionality of TSO-C160.
1.7 Operating Instructions
The GDR 66 is a remote-mount LRU with no user controls or indicators. All user interface is
accomplished through a compatible display device.
NOTE
For GX000 installations, refer to the applicable airframe specific pilot’s guide
documentation for operating instructions (available at www.garmin.com).
Generic operating instructions are provided only to describe the operational capabilities of the GDR 66 and
are superseded by aircraft specific operating instructions. The GDR 66 generic operating instructions are
as follows:
1.7.1
Connecting to the CPDLC system
Log-on Setup:
1. File a flight plan.
2. Access the Log-on and Link Status displays.
3. Perform the necessary log-on steps by entering the facility, flight ID, departure airport identifier,
destination airport identifier, and filed departure time.
Performing the system log-on:
1. After performing the previous Logon Setup procedure, verify the Link Status display indicates a
link with a ground station is available. An available link is indicated by a green line between the
aircraft symbol and the ground station antenna symbol. The radio is tuned automatically, based on
the facility chosen.
2. Select the Logon Button. The Link Status display indicates ‘Connecting’ with an animated dashed
green line between the ground station antenna symbol and the ATC facility symbol. Selecting the
Cancel Button will terminate the log-on process. When connection is complete, the display
indicates ‘Connected’ with a solid green line between the ground station antenna symbol and the
ATC facility symbol.
1.7.2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Creating a Message
Select the Create Message Button. A list of requests is presented for selection.
Select the desired request.
Enter the indicated parameters pertaining to the request.
Enter the reason for the request.
Select the Send Button.
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 1-8
190-00303-24
Rev. C
1.7.3
Responding to an ATC Message
Responding to an ATC message consists of choosing from a pre-determined list of responses or
acknowledgements, then sending the response or acknowledgement.
1.7.4
Viewing CPDLC Message Dialogs
Each received CPDLC message is indicated by an aural and visual annunciation. To view the message,
perform the following:
1. Select CPDLC Messages. A list of message dialogs is displayed.
2. Select a message dialog box to display the message thread.
1.7.5
Deleting Message Dialogs
To delete a single message dialog:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Select CPDLC Messages.
Select the message dialog to be deleted.
Select the Delete Button. A confirmation window is displayed.
Select OK to delete the message dialog.
To delete all closed message dialogs:
1. Select the Delete Messages Button. A confirmation window is displayed.
2. Select OK. All closed message dialogs are deleted.
1.7.6
Disconnecting from the CPDLC System
1. Access the Link Status display.
2. Select the Logoff Button. The Link Status display indicates ‘Disconnected’ and no line between
the ground station antenna symbol and the ATC facility symbol.
1.7.7
Voice Communication
Transmit and receive:
1. Select the COM control display.
2. Select the alternate COM associated with the datalink transceiver.
3. If necessary, select disable datalink communication. A confirmation screen is displayed. When
datalink is disabled, voice capability is enabled.
4. Select the appropriate COM MIC Button. Voice communication is now selected for transmit and
receive via the datalink transceiver. Note that a stuck Push-to-Talk button is indicated with loss of
sidetone and a displayed system message.
Selecting COM for monitoring:
1. Select the COM control display.
2. Select the alternate COM associated with the datalink transceiver.
3. If necessary, select disable datalink communication. A confirmation screen is displayed. When
datalink is disabled, voice capability is enabled.
4. Select the appropriate COM Button. Voice communication is now selected for receive only, via
the datalink transceiver.
190-00303-24
Rev. C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 1-9
Frequency Tuning:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Select the System Avionics Settings.
Select the COM Channel Spacing.
Select 25.0kHz or 8.33kHz.
Select the COM control display.
Select the alternate COM associated with the datalink transceiver.
Select the tuning display.
Enter the desired frequency.
Adjusting volume:
1. Select the COM control display.
2. Select the alternate COM associated with the datalink transceiver.
3. Adjust volume to the desired level.
1.8 Reference Documents
The publications in Table 1-10 are sources of additional information for installing the GDR 66. Before
installing the GDR 66, the technician should read all referenced materials along with this manual. Contact
the aircraft manufacturer for airframe-specific system level installation, maintenance, operation, and
configuration documents.
Table 1-10 Reference Documents
Part Number
Document
190-00313-11
Jackscrew Backshell Installation Instructions
190-00313-50
Garmin Integrated Avionics System Thermal Management Plan
190-00313-51
Garmin Integrated Avionics System Thermal Validation Procedure
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 1-10
190-00303-24
Rev. C
2 INSTALLATION OVERVIEW
2.1 Introduction
This section provides hardware equipment information for installing the GDR 66, related
hardware, and antennas. Installation of the GDR 66 must follow the aircraft TC or STC
requirements. Cabling is fabricated by the installing agency to fit each particular aircraft. The
guidance of FAA advisory circulars AC 43.13-1B and AC 43.13-2B, where applicable, may be
found useful for making retro-fit installations that comply with FAA regulations.
Refer to Appendix A for rack drawings and dimensions.
2.2 Installation Materials
The GDR 66 is only available as a single unit under the part number in Table 2-1.
Table 2-1 Available Units
Item
Garmin P/N
GDR 66 Unit Only, (011-02303-00)
010-00832-00
2.3 Equipment Available
The accessories in Table 2-2 are provided separately from the GDR 66 and are required for installation.
Table 2-2 Required Equipment
Item
Garmin P/N
GDR 66 Standalone Install Rack
011-02477-00
GDR 66 Connector Kit
011-02304-00
The optional accessories in Table 2-3 are provided separately from the GDR 66.
Table 2-3 Optional Equipment
Item
Garmin P/N
GDR 66 Air Channel Kit
2.3.1
011-02839-00
Additional Equipment Required
The installation accessories in Table 2-4 are required but not provided.
Table 2-4 Additional Equipment Required
Characteristic
Specification
COM Antenna
Shall meet TSO-C37(), C38(), or C-169(). Broad band, 50 W, vertically polarized
with coaxial cable
Headphones*
500 Ω nominal impedance
Microphone*
Low impedance, carbon or dynamic, with transistorized pre-amp
Hardware**
#10 pan head or hex head fastener (qty 4)
*Only required for voice mode
**Used for mounting unit rack to airframe
190-00303-24
Rev. C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 2-1
2.4 Installation Considerations
Fabrication of a wiring harness is required. Sound mechanical and electrical methods and practices are
required for installation of the GDR 66.
2.4.1 Antenna Considerations
Antenna installations on pressurized cabin aircraft require FAA approved installation design and
engineering substantiation data whenever such antenna installations incorporate alteration (penetration) of
the cabin pressure vessel by connector holes and/or mounting arrangements. For needed engineering
support pertaining to the design and approval of such pressurized aircraft antenna installations, it is
recommended that the installer proceed according to any of the following listed alternatives:
1. Obtain approved antenna installation design data from the aircraft manufacturer.
2. Obtain an FAA approved STC, pertaining to, and valid for the antenna installation.
3. Contact the FAA Aircraft Certification Office in the appropriate Region and request identification
of FAA Designated Engineering Representatives (DERs) who are authorized to prepare and
approve the required antenna installation engineering data.
4. Obtain FAA Advisory Circular AC-183C and select (and contact) a DER from the roster of individuals listed in it.
5. Contact an aviation industry organization such as the Aircraft Electronics Association for assistance.
2.4.2 Com Antenna Location
The GDR 66 COM antenna should be well removed from all projections, engines and propellers. The
ground plane surface directly below the antenna should be a flat plane over as large an area as possible (18
inches square, minimum). The antenna should be mounted a minimum of three feet from any DME
antennas, three feet from any GPS antennas, and as far as practical from the ELT antenna. Some ELTs
have exhibited re-radiation problems generating harmonics which may interfere with other signals.
In addition, the COM antenna must have at least 16 dB of isolation from other COM antennas to prevent
damage to the GDR 66 COM receiver. For COM antennas mounted on the same side of the fuselage, 16
dB of isolation can be achieved by a physical separation of approximately 3 feet (0.9 meters).
If simultaneous use of two or more COM transceivers is desired the COM antennas must be spaced for
maximum isolation. For a two COM installation, one COM antenna should be mounted on the top of the
fuselage and the other antenna should be mounted on the bottom of the fuselage. For installations with
three COM’s, one COM antenna should be mounted on the top of the fuselage and the other two antennas
should be mounted on the bottom of the fuselage and physically separated from each other as much as
possible.
The recommended minimum isolation between COM antennas for simultaneous use of two or more COM
units is 40 dB. Separating the COM antennas between the top and bottom of the fuselage typically
provides 35 – 45 dB of isolation for metal skin aircraft. For COM antennas mounted on the same side of
the fuselage, 40 dB of isolation can be achieved by a physical separation of approximately 60 feet (18.3
meters). Receiver sensitivity could be significantly reduced during the transmission of a co-located COM
for installations with less than 40 dB of isolation between the COM antennas. For installations with less
than 23 dB of isolation between COM antennas, cross modulation (bleed-through) could also be
experienced during the transmission of a co-located COM. For COM antennas mounted on the same side
of the fuselage, 23 dB of isolation can be achieved by a physical separation of approximately 9 feet (2.7
meters).
Simultaneous COM performance varies significantly across installations and is affected by both the
isolation between the COM antennas and the separation of the tuned frequencies. Each installation should
be individually examined to determine the expected performance of simultaneous COM.
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 2-2
190-00303-24
Rev. C
2.4.3
Fluid Susceptibility
The GDR 66 does not claim fluids susceptibility testing per RTCA DO-160E. The GDR 66 must not be
installed in areas where fluid contamination could be commonly encountered.
2.4.4
Provisioning for Future Installation
If it is desired to provision an aircraft for installation of a GDR 66 at a later date, the wiring harness
connectors for the GDR 66 should be fitted per the instructions of this section.
D-subminiature Connectors
Each harness D-subminiature connector provisionally installed for a GDR 66 should be electrically bonded
to the aircraft in order to provide the same electrical bonding configuration which would exist with a
GDR 66 installed. The shield block of each harness connector should be connected to the airframe with a
braided wire. The bonding resistance between the airframe and the shield block should be less than 2.5
milliohms.
Once a GDR 66 is installed in a provisioned airframe, the bonding wires between the shield blocks and the
airframe may be either removed or left permanently installed.
RF Connector
The RF coax cable from the antenna should not be left floating at the GDR 66 rack. To prevent this, one of
the following should be implemented:
•
•
•
At the antenna, disconnect the coax cable from the antenna connector and stow the coax cable
Do not install the antenna coax cable until the GDR 66 unit is installed
Connect the coax cable to a nearby TNC bulkhead connector bonded to the airframe
2.5 Cabling and Wiring
Refer to the interconnect examples in Appendix B for wire gauge guidance.
The power connection can be run with three AWG #18 wires back to the breaker or can be spliced near the
unit to one AWG #16 or larger wire. Special thin-wall heat shrink tubing is also provided to insulate the
extended barrels inside the backshell. If using AWG #18 barrel contacts, ensure that no two contacts are
mounted directly adjacent to each other. This minimizes the risk of contacts touching and shorting to
adjacent pins and to ground.
Ensure that routing of the wiring does not come in contact with sources of heat, RF or EMI interference.
Check that there is ample space for the cabling and mating connectors. Avoid sharp bends in cabling and
routing near aircraft control cables.
Coaxial cable with 50 nominal impedance and meeting applicable aviation regulations should be used for
the installation.
NOTE
RTCA DO-224A assumes 3dB of cable loss in its VDL Typical Uplink Power Budget.
Losses greater than 3dB can reduce transceiver range.
Cabling for the GDR 66 should not be routed near components or cabling which are sources of electrical
noise. Route the GPS, VOR/LOC, and Glideslope antenna cables as far as possible away from all COM
transceivers and antenna cables.
190-00303-24
Rev. C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 2-3
2.6 Cooling Air
Cooling air is not required for the GDR 66 to meet indicated EQF categories. However, if the unit is
located in a confined space or near a source of heat, cooling air is recommended for maximizing the life of
the GDR 66. An optional Air Channel Kit (GPN 011-02839-00) can be used to direct cooling air across
the heat sink fins. The Air Channel Kit can be assembled with the 5/8 inch air fitting at the front or rear of
the unit.
Thermal analysis must be performed to verify that high temperature limits implied by the indicated EQF
categories for the GDR 66 are not exceeded during normal operation of the aircraft. Guidance can be
found in the Garmin Integrated Avionics System Thermal Management Plan document (190-00313-50)
and the Garmin Integrated Avionics System Thermal Validation Procedure (190-00313-51).
2.7 Mounting Requirements
The GDR 66 mounting surface should be capable of providing a sufficient electrical bond to the aircraft to
minimize radiated EMI and provide protection from High-Intensity Radiation Fields (HIRF). Bonding
resistance measured between the GDR 66 standalone install rack and the airframe should be less than 2.5
mlliOhms. The GDR 66 must be mounted in the vertical position using the GDR 66 standalone rack.
Approximately one inch of clearance should be provided on the left side of the GDR 66 to allow for
cooling of the heat sink. Refer to Appendix A for outline and installation drawings.
Figure 2-1. GDR 66 Standalone Rack
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 2-4
190-00303-24
Rev. C
3 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
3.1 Unpacking Unit
Carefully unpack the equipment and make a visual inspection of the unit for evidence of damage incurred
during shipment. If the unit is damaged, notify the carrier and file a claim. To justify a claim, save the
original shipping container and all packing materials. Do not return the unit to Garmin until the carrier has
authorized the claim.
Retain the original shipping containers for storage. If the original containers are not available, a separate
cardboard container should be prepared that is large enough to accommodate sufficient packing material to
prevent movement.
3.2 Wiring Harness Installation
Allow adequate space for installation of cables and connectors. The installer shall supply and fabricate all
of the cables. All electrical connections are made through 44 and 62-pin D-subminiature connectors.
Section 4 defines the electrical characteristics of all input and output signals. Required connectors and
associated hardware are supplied with the connector kit.
See Appendix B for examples of interconnect wiring diagrams. Construct the actual harnesses in
accordance with aircraft manufacturer authorized interconnect standards.
Contacts for the 62 and 44 pin connectors must be crimped onto the individual wires of the aircraft wiring
harness. Table 3-1 and Table 3-2 list contact part numbers (for reference) and recommended crimp tools.
Table 3-1 Pin Contact Part Numbers
Manufacturer
62 pin connector (P662), 44 pin connector (P661)
18-20 AWG (Power Only)
22-28 AWG
Garmin P/N
336-00044-00
336-00021-00
Military P/N
N/A
M39029/58-360
AMP
N/A
204370-2
Positronic
N/A
MC8522D
ITT Cannon
N/A
030-2042-000
190-00303-24
Rev. C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 3-1
Table 3-2 Recommended Crimp Tools
Manufacturer
Military P/N
Positronic
AMP
Daniels
Astro
Hand
Crimping
Tool
18-20 AWG
22-28 AWG
Positioner
Insertion/
Extraction
Tool
(note 2)
Positioner
Insertion/
Extraction
Tool
M22520/2-01
N/A
M81969/1-04
M22520/2-09
M81969/1-04
9507
9502-11
M81969/1-04
9502-4
M81969/1-04
601966-1
N/A
91067-1
601966-6
91067-1
AFM8
K774
M81969/1-04
K42
M81969/1-04
615717
N/A
M81969/1-04
615725
M81969/1-04
NOTE
1. Non-Garmin part numbers shown are not maintained by Garmin and consequently are subject to
change without notice.
2. Extracting the #18 or #20 contact requires that the expanded wire barrel be cut off from the contact. It may also be necessary to push the pin out from the face of the connector when using an
extractor due to the absence of the wire. A new contact must be used when reassembling the connector.
3.3 Antenna Installation
Follow the manufacturers’ instructions for installation of the COM antenna.
CAUTION
Do not use construction grade RTV sealant or sealants containing acetic acid.
These sealants may damage the electrical connections to the antenna. Use of
these type sealants may void the antenna warranty.
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 3-2
190-00303-24
Rev. C
3.4 Cable Installation
1. Route the coaxial cable to the rack location keeping in mind the recommendations of Section 2.
Secure the cable in accordance with good aviation practice.
2. Trim the coaxial cable to the desired length and install the TNC connector per the cabling
instructions on Figure 3-1. If the connector is provided by the installer, follow the connector
manufacturer’s instructions for cable preparation.
Figure 3-1. TNC Connector Installation
190-00303-24
Rev. C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 3-3
3.5 Backshell Assembly
The GDR 66 connector kit includes two Garmin backshell assemblies. Garmin’s backshell gives the
installer the ability to easily terminate shield grounds at the backshell housing. Refer to the Jackscrew
Backshell Installation Instructions (Garmin part number 190-00313-11) for backshell assembly
instructions.
3.6 Final Installation
For final installation and assembly, refer to the outline and installation drawings shown in Appendix A of
this manual.
3.7 Post Installation Configuration & Checkout
The GDR 66 must be installed as part of a Garmin Integrated Flight Deck and have FAA approved
configuration data. Configuration data is loaded to the GDR 66 from an aircraft-specific Garmin SW
Loader Card. GDR 66 settings are predetermined for a specific aircraft.
For aircraft installation/checkout, use only aircraft manufacturer approved checkout procedures.
3.8 Continued Airworthiness
Maintenance of the GDR 66 is “on condition” only. For regulatory periodic functional checks, refer to
approved aircraft maintenance manuals or manual supplements for actual aircraft maintenance
requirements.
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 3-4
190-00303-24
Rev. C
4 SYSTEM INTERCONNECTS
4.1 Pin Function List
4.1.1
P661 (COM)
15
14
30
13
29
44
12
28
43
11
27
42
10
26
41
9
25
40
8
24
39
38
7
23
37
6
22
36
5
4
21 20
35
3
19
34
2
18
33
1
17
32
16
31
Figure 4-1. View of J661 connector, from back of unit
Table 4-1 P661 Connector
Pin
Pin Name
I/O
1
SPARE
--
2
SPARE
--
3
SPARE
--
4
COM MIC KEY*
In
5
SPARE
--
6
SPARE
--
7
COM MIC AUDIO IN HI
In
8
COM MIC AUDIO IN LO (GROUND)
9
COM 600 OHM AUDIO OUT HI
Out
10
COM 600 OHM AUDIO OUT LO
Out
11
RESERVED
--
12
COM REMOTE TRANSFER*
In
13
RESERVED
--
14
RESERVED
--
15
SIGNAL GROUND
--
16
COM REMOTE POWER OFF
In
17
SPARE
--
18
RESERVED
--
19
SPARE
--
20
GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 1
In
21
SPARE
--
22
GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 2
In
23
SPARE
--
24
GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 3
In
25
SPARE
--
26
SIGNAL GROUND
--
27
SPARE
--
28
RESERVED
--
29
SIGNAL GROUND
--
30
SIGNAL GROUND
--
31
SIGNAL GROUND
--
32
RS-232 OUT 1
33
RS-232 IN 1
34
RESERVED
35
KEY EVENT OUT*
--
Out
In
-Out
*Denotes Active Low (Ground to activate).
190-00303-24
Rev. C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 4-1
Table 4-1 P661 Connector
Pin
Pin Name
I/O
36
RESERVED
--
37
SPARE
--
38
SPARE
--
39
RESERVED
--
40
RESERVED
--
41
SELCAL AUDIO AND DATA OUT HI
Out
42
SELCAL AUDIO AND DATA OUT LO
Out
43
SIGNAL GROUND
--
44
SIGNAL GROUND
--
*Denotes Active Low (Ground to activate).
4.1.2
P662 (Main)
21
20
42
19
41
62
18
40
61
17
39
60
16
38
59
15
37
58
14
36
57
13
35
56
12
34
55
11
33
54
10
32
53
9
31
52
8
30
51
50
7
29
49
6
28
5
4
27 26
48
47
3
25
46
2
24
1
23
22
44
Figure 4-2. View of J662 connector, from back of unit
Table 4-2 P662 Connector
Pin
Pin Name
I/O
1
POWER GROUND
--
2
RS-422 IN 1 B
In
3
RS-422 IN 1 A
In
4
RS-422 OUT 1 B
Out
5
RS-422 OUT 1 A
Out
6
RS-422 IN 2 B
In
7
RS-422 IN 2 A
In
8
RS-422 OUT 2 B
Out
9
RS-422 OUT 2 A
Out
10
DISCRETE IN* 1
In
11
DISCRETE IN* 2
In
12
DISCRETE IN* 3
In
13
DISCRETE IN* 4
In
14
DISCRETE IN* 5
In
15
DISCRETE IN* 6
In
16
DISCRETE IN* 7
In
17
DISCRETE IN* 8
18
ARINC 429 OUT 1 A
Out
19
ARINC 429 OUT 1 B
Out
20
ARINC 429 OUT 2 A
Out
21
ARINC 429 OUT 2 B
Out
22
SPARE
--
23
SPARE
--
24
POWER GROUND
--
25
SPARE
--
In
*Denotes Active Low (Ground to activate)
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 4-2
190-00303-24
Rev. C
Table 4-2 P662 Connector
Pin
Pin Name
I/O
26
POWER GROUND
27
SPARE
--
28
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
In
29
SPARE
--
30
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
In
31
SPARE
--
32
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
In
33
SPARE
--
34
AIRCRAFT POWER 2
In
35
SPARE
--
36
AIRCRAFT POWER 2
In
37
SPARE
--
38
AIRCRAFT POWER 2
In
39
SPARE
--
40
POWER GROUND
--
41
SPARE
--
42
POWER GROUND
--
43
POWER GROUND
--
44
SPARE
--
45
SIGNAL GROUND
--
46
SPARE
--
47
SIGNAL GROUND
--
48
SPARE
--
49
ARINC 429 IN 1 A
In
50
ARINC 429 IN 1 B
In
51
ARINC 429 IN 2 A
In
52
ARINC 429 IN 2 B
In
53
ARINC 429 IN 3 A
In
54
ARINC 429 IN 3 B
In
55
ARINC 429 IN 4 A
In
56
ARINC 429 IN 4 B
In
57
ARINC 429 IN 5 A
In
58
ARINC 429 IN 5 B
In
59
SPARE
--
60
SIGNAL GROUND
--
61
SIGNAL GROUND
--
62
RESERVED
--
190-00303-24
Rev. C
--
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 4-3
4.2 Power Functions
4.2.1
Aircraft Power
The GDR 66 provides two aircraft power bus inputs. Pins 28, 30, and 32 of P662 are internally connected
to form AIRCRAFT POWER 1. Pins 34, 36, and 38 of P662 are internally connected to form AIRCRAFT
POWER 2. AIRCRAFT POWER 1 and AIRCRAFT POWER 2 are “diode ORed” to provide power
redundancy. Use of three AIRCRAFT POWER pins (either AIRCRAFT POWER 1 or AIRCRAFT
POWER 2) and three POWER GROUND pins is recommended for all installations.
Table 4-3 Aircraft Power
Pin Name
Connector
Pin
I/O
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
P662
28
In
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
P662
30
In
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
P662
32
In
AIRCRAFT POWER 2
P662
34
In
AIRCRAFT POWER 2
P662
36
In
AIRCRAFT POWER 2
P662
38
In
POWER GROUND
P662
1
--
POWER GROUND
P662
24
--
POWER GROUND
P662
26
--
POWER GROUND
P662
40
--
POWER GROUND
P662
42
--
POWER GROUND
P662
43
--
4.2.2
Remote Power Off
The GDR 66 powers down when the COM REMOTE POWER OFF input is active. COM REMOTE
POWER OFF is a non-configurable discrete input conforming to:
Low: 0 VDC < Vin < 3.5 VDC, OR Rin > 100k ohms (inactive)
High: 8 VDC < Vin < 36 VDC (active)
Table 4-4 Remote Power Off
Pin Name
COM REMOTE POWER OFF
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 4-4
Connector
Pin
I/O
P661
16
In
190-00303-24
Rev. C
4.2.3
GDR System ID Program
The GDR 66 determines it’s unit number based on the status of three GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM*
non-configurable discrete inputs conforming to:
Low: 0 VDC < Vin < 3.5 VDC, OR Rin < 375 ohms (active)
High: 8 VDC < Vin < 36 VDC, OR Rin > 100k ohm (inactive)
Table 4-5 System ID Program
Pin Name
Connector
Pin
I/O
GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 1
P661
20
In
GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 2
P661
22
In
GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 3
P661
24
In
Table 4-6 lists the configuration details for each unit number.
Table 4-6 Unit Number Configuration
GDR SYSTEM ID
PROGRAM* 1
GDR SYSTEM ID
PROGRAM* 2
GDR SYSTEM ID
PROGRAM* 3
UNIT NUMBER
Open
Open
Open
#1
Ground
Open
Open
#2
Open
Ground
Open
#3
Ground
Ground
Open
#4
Open
Open
Ground
#5
Ground
Open
Ground
#6
Open
Ground
Ground
#7
Ground
Ground
Ground
INVALID, DO NOT USE
190-00303-24
Rev. C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 4-5
4.3 Serial Data
4.3.1
RS-422
The GDR 66 provides two RS-422 inputs and two RS-422 outputs conforming to TIA/EIA/ANSI-422-B.
RS-422 is the only interface between the GDR 66 and the rest of the Garmin system.
Table 4-7 RS-422
Pin Name
Connector
Pin
I/O
RS-422 IN 1 B
P662
2
In
RS-422 IN 1 A
P662
3
In
RS-422 OUT 1 B
P662
4
Out
RS-422 OUT 1 A
P662
5
Out
RS-422 IN 2 B
P662
6
In
RS-422 IN 2 A
P662
7
In
RS-422 OUT 2 B
P662
8
Out
RS-422 OUT 2 A
P662
9
Out
4.3.2
RS-232
The GDR 66 provides one RS-232 input and one RS-232 output. The RS-232 output conforms to EIA
Standard RS-232C with an output voltage swing of at least ± 5V when driving a standard RS-232 load.
The RS-232 port is used for testing and as a back up tuning port.
Table 4-8 RS-232
Pin Name
Connector
Pin
I/O
RS-232 OUT 1
P661
32
Out
RS-232 IN 1
P661
33
In
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 4-6
190-00303-24
Rev. C
4.3.3
ARINC 429
The GDR 66 provides five configurable ARINC 429 inputs and two configurable ARINC 429 outputs
conforming to ARINC Specifications 429P1-17, 429P2-16 and 429P3-18. The ARINC 429 outputs
conform to ARINC 429 specifications when loaded with up to five standard ARINC 429 receivers. The
speed of the ARINC 429 outputs can be configured for low speed (14.29 kHz) or high speed (100 kHz).
Table 4-9 ARINC 429
Pin Name
Connector
Pin
I/O
ARINC 429 IN 1 A
P662
49
In
ARINC 429 IN 1 B
P662
50
In
ARINC 429 IN 2 A
P662
51
In
ARINC 429 IN 2 B
P662
52
In
ARINC 429 IN 3 A
P662
53
In
ARINC 429 IN 3 B
P662
54
In
ARINC 429 IN 4 A
P662
55
In
ARINC 429 IN 4 B
P662
56
In
ARINC 429 IN 5 A
P662
57
In
ARINC 429 IN 5 B
P662
58
In
ARINC 429 OUT 1 A
P662
18
Out
ARINC 429 OUT 1 B
P662
19
Out
ARINC 429 OUT 2 A
P662
20
Out
ARINC 429 OUT 2 B
P662
21
Out
190-00303-24
Rev. C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 4-7
4.4 Discrete I/O
4.4.1
Active Low Discrete Inputs
The GDR 66 provides 8 configurable discrete inputs conforming to:
Low: 0 VDC < Vin < 3.5 VDC, OR Rin < 375 ohms (active)
High: 8 VDC < Vin < 36 VDC, OR Rin > 100k ohm (inactive)
Table 4-10 Discrete Inputs
Pin Name
Connector
Pin
I/O
DISCRETE IN* 1
P662
10
In
DISCRETE IN* 2
P662
11
In
DISCRETE IN* 3
P662
12
In
DISCRETE IN* 4
P662
13
In
DISCRETE IN* 5
P662
14
In
DISCRETE IN* 6
P662
15
In
DISCRETE IN* 7
P662
16
In
DISCRETE IN* 8
P662
17
In
4.4.2
Key Event Out
The GDR 66 provides one output to signal when the GDR 66 is transmitting, regardless of what mode the
radio is in. KEY EVENT OUT* can be used as needed to decrease the sensitivity of other COM receivers
on the aircraft when the GDR 66 is transmitting. KEY EVENT OUT* is a non-configurable discrete
output conforming to:
Active: 0 VDC < Vout < 1.0 VDC with < 20 mA sink current; sink current must be externally
limited to 20 mA max.
Inactive: Open circuit, can be pulled up to an externally sourced Vout in the range 3.3 VDC <
Vout < 36 VDC; leakage current is typically <10 uA to ground.
Table 4-11 Key Event Out
Pin Name
KEY EVENT OUT*
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 4-8
Connector
Pin
I/O
P661
35
Out
190-00303-24
Rev. C
4.5 Audio
When the GDR 66 is in analog voice mode (ARINC 716 Voice), audio from the microphone and audio to
the headset can be transferred to/from the GDR 66 as analog audio. In analog voice mode, the COM MIC
KEY* discrete input must be used to command the GDR 66 to transmit.
4.5.1
4.5.1.1
Analog Audio
Com Mic Audio
The GDR 66 provides one microphone audio input. COM MIC AUDIO has a 150 ohm AC input
impedance and supplies the microphone with a 12 V bias through 400. COM MIC AUDIO is set
in the factory for 250 mVrms to modulate the transmitter at 90% nominally. The microphone gain is
adjustable during installation to increase the sensitivity to 20 mVrms or decrease the sensitivity to 2.5
Vrms.
Table 4-12 Com Mic Audio
Pin Name
Connector
Pin
I/O
COM MIC AUDIO IN HI
P661
7
In
COM MIC AUDIO IN LO (GROUND)
P661
8
--
4.5.1.2
Com Audio Out
The GDR 66 provides one audio output that is intended to drive a headset or an audio panel. The rated
output is 4.90 Vrms into a 600 ohm load (40 mWavg). A volume control is available during flight to
reduce the output by at least 40 dB to 49 mVrms. COM 600 OHM AUDIO OUT is the summation of the
COM receiver audio and COM sidetone audio.
Table 4-13 Com Audio Out
Pin Name
Connector
Pin
I/O
COM 600 OHM AUDIO OUT HI
P661
9
Out
COM 600 OHM AUDIO OUT LO
P661
10
Out
4.5.1.3
Com Mic Key
The GDR 66 transmits the audio from the microphone (COM MIC AUDIO IN) when the COM MIC
KEY* input is active. The COM MIC KEY* should be connected to the microphones PTT output. COM
MIC KEY* is a non-configurable discrete input conforming to:
Low: 0 VDC < Vin < 3.5 VDC, OR Rin < 375 ohms (active)
High: 8 VDC < Vin < 36 VDC, OR Rin > 100k ohm (inactive)
Table 4-14 Com Mic Key
Pin Name
COM MIC KEY*
190-00303-24
Rev. C
Connector
Pin
I/O
P661
4
In
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 4-9
4.5.1.4
Com Remote Transfer
The GDR 66 provides one COM REMOTE TRANSFER* input which allows the COM Emergency State
to be entered or exited. When the GDR 66 enters Emergency State, it automatically switches to AM COM
mode and tunes to the emergency channel, 121.500 MHz. When in Emergency State, the GDR 66 ignores
inputs from the front panel controls for COM selections and cannot be used for digital data link.
The COM REMOTE TRANSFER* input controls Emergency State via one of two modes: “Hold-toAcitvate” mode and “On/Off” mode. A GDR 66 aircraft configuration parameter selects the mode as well
as the activation time for Hold-to-Acitvate mode. In Hold-to-Acivate mode, the Emergency State is
entered when the COM REMOTE TRANSFER* input is held active for the configured time, and is exited
immediately when the COM REMOTE TRANSFER* input becomes active after having been inactive. In
On/Off mode, COM REMOTE TRANSFER* acts as an on/off switch for Emergency State, which is
entered immediately when COM REMOTE TRANSFER* becomes active, and is exited immediately
when COM REMOTE TRANSFER* becomes inactive.
Low: 0 VDC < Vin < 3.5 VDC, OR Rin < 375 ohms (active)
High: 8 VDC < Vin < 36 VDC, OR Rin > 100k ohm (inactive)
Table 4-15 Com Remote Transfer
Pin Name
COM REMOTE TRANSFER*
4.5.2
4.5.2.1
Connector
Pin
I/O
P661
12
In
ACARS/SELCAL
SELCAL Audio and ACARS Data Out
The GDR 66 provides one SELCAL audio/ACARS data output that can either be used for SELCAL or
VDL Mode 0 (ARINC 716 Data). The rated output is 2.45 Vrms into a 600 ohm load (10 mWavg). The
gain is adjustable during installation to decrease the output by at least 40 dB to 24.5 mVrms. A gain
setting of -7.0 dB (1.2 Vrms minimum) is recommended. Refer to EQF for certification considerations for
this output.
Table 4-16 SELCAL Audio and ACARS Data Out
Pin Name
Connector
Pin
I/O
SELCAL AUDIO AND DATA OUT HI
P661
41
Out
SELCAL AUDIO AND DATA OUT LO
P661
42
Out
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page 4-10
190-00303-24
Rev. C
APPENDIX A OUTLINE AND INSTALLATION DRAWINGS
8.17 207.5
P661
COM
(TNC CONNECTOR)
6.62 168.1
P662
3.2 81
CG
4.6 117
CG
.8 20
CG
8.27 210.1
1.87 47.5
10.14 257.6
2X .40 10.2
2X 7.00±.010 177.8±0.25
2X .95 24.1
NOTES:
1.
DIMENSIONS: INCHES[mm]. METRIC VALUES ARE FOR REFERENCE ONLY.
2.
DIMENSIONS ARE NOMINAL AND TOLERANCES ARE NOT IMPLIED UNLESS
SPECIFICALLY STATED.
3.
MOUNTING HOLES FOR #10 PAN HEAD OR HEX HEAD FASTENERS.
2.06 52.3
2X 1.26±.010 32.0±0.25
4X
.210±.005 5.33±0.13
SEE NOTE 3
Figure A-1 GDR 66 Outline Drawing
190-00303-24
Revision C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page A-1
APPENDIX A OUTLINE AND INSTALLATION DRAWINGS
WITH AIR CHANNEL KIT
2.06 52.3
8.17 207.5
P661
COM
(TNC CONNECTOR)
6.66 169.2
.92 23.4
3.2 81
CG
.17 4.3
P662
4.6 117
CG
.04 1.0
8.27 210.1
1.87 47.5
.8 20
CG
10.14 257.6
2X 7.00±.010 177.8±0.25
NOTES:
1.
DIMENSIONS: INCHES[mm]. METRIC VALUES ARE FOR REFERENCE ONLY.
2.
DIMENSIONS ARE NOMINAL AND TOLERANCES ARE NOT IMPLIED UNLESS
SPECIFICALLY STATED.
3.
MOUNTING HOLES FOR #10 PAN HEAD OR HEX HEAD FASTENERS.
3.00 76.2
2X 1.26±.010 32.0±0.25
2X .42 10.7
2X .95 24.1
4X
.210±.005 5.33±0.13
SEE NOTE 3
Figure A-2 GDR 66 with Optional Air Channel Kit Outline Drawing
190-00303-24
Revision C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page A-2
APPENDIX A OUTLINE AND INSTALLATION DRAWINGS
GDR 66 UNIT
011-02303-00
CONNECTOR KIT
011-02304-00
NOTE 1
330-00776-44
330-00776-62
011-01855-02
011-01855-03
NOTE 2
GDR 66 RACK
011-02477-00
NOTES:
1.
GASKETS ARE PART OF 330-00776-44 AND 330-00776-62. INSTALL GASKETS OVER PINS.
2.
REFER TO 190-00313-11 FOR ADDITIONAL PARTS LISTS.
AIR CHANNEL KIT
011-02839-00
(OPTIONAL)
Figure A-3 GDR 66 Connector/Rack Assembly and Optional Air Channel Kit Drawing
190-00303-24
Revision C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page A-3
APPENDIX A OUTLINE AND INSTALLATION DRAWINGS
MINIMUM RECOMMENDED INSTALLATION AND REMOVAL CLEARANCE
WITH LOCKDOWN OVERHANGING MOUNTING SHELF
.30 7.6
MINIMUM RECOMMENDED INSTALLATION AND REMOVAL CLEARANCE
WITH LOCKDOWN NOT OVERHANGING MOUNTING SHELF
MOUNTING SHELF
1.00 25.4
MOUNTING SHELF
Figure A-4 GDR 66 Minimum Installation/Removal Clearance
190-00303-24
Revision C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page A-4
APPENDIX A OUTLINE AND INSTALLATION DRAWINGS
011-02839-00 - AIR CHANNEL KIT
011-02839-00 (ASSEMBLED - FRONT INLET)
2X
211-63234-08
#4-40 FLAT HEAD SCREW
115-01694-00
COVER PLATE
233-10014-00
AIR FITTING
115-01693-00
AIR CHANNEL
011-02839-00 (ASSEMBLED - REAR INLET)
2X
211-60234-08
#4-40 PAN HEAD SCREW
Figure A-5 GDR 66 Air Channel Kit Assembly Drawing
190-00303-24
Revision C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page A-5
APPENDIX B INTERCONNECT EXAMPLES
GDR 66 DIGITAL RADIO
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
SEE NOTE 8
P662
28
30
32
POWER GROUND
1
POWER GROUND
24
POWER GROUND
26
GDR 66
10A
TO 14/28 VDC AIRCRAFT POWER
P661
GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 1
GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 2
GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 3
20
22
24
COM ANTENNA
J1
GDR 66 DIGITAL RADIO
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
AIRCRAFT POWER 1
N/C
N/C
N/C
SEE NOTE 9
P662
28
30
32
POWER GROUND
1
POWER GROUND
24
POWER GROUND
26
GDR 66
10A
TO 14/28 VDC AIRCRAFT POWER
P661
GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 1
GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 2
GDR SYSTEM ID PROGRAM* 3
20
22
24
N/C
N/C
N/C
TO MINIMIZE VHF DIGITAL TRANSMISSION INTERFERENCE (ACARS/CPDLC) WITH RECEPTION OF VHF VOICE
COMMUNICATION, IT IS RECOMMEDED THAT GIA 63W -40 UNITS SHOULD BE USED IN ALL INSTALLATIONS USING
A GDR 66.
7. GIA 63W -00 AND -01 UNITS CANNOT BE USED WITH THE GDR 66.
COM ANTENNA
J1
8. (POWER OPTION 1) USE THREE 18 AWG WIRES EACH FOR POWER AND GROUND, TIE THESE TO CIRCUIT
BREAKER AND GROUND POINT (AS SHOWN).
9. (POWER OPTION 2) USE THREE 18 AWG WIRES EACH FOR POWER AND GROUND. SPLICE THESE TO 16 AWG
WIRES THAT CONNECT TO UNIT CIRCUIT BREAKER AND GROUND POINT (AS SHOWN).
Figure B-1 GDR 66 Power and Antenna Interconnect Example
190-00303-24
Revision C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page B-1
APPENDIX B INTERCONNECT EXAMPLES
GDR 66 DIGITAL RADIO
P662
1P412
No. 1 GSD 41
DATA CONCENTRATOR
RS 422 OUT 1A
RS 422 OUT 1B
5
4
25
26
MAIN2 RS-485/RS-422 13A
MAIN2 RS-485/RS-422 13B
RS 422 IN 1A
RS 422 IN 1B
3
2
27
28
MAIN2 RS-485/RS-422 14A
MAIN2 RS-485/RS-422 14B
2P412
No. 2 GSD 41
DATA CONCENTRATOR
RS 422 OUT 2A
RS 422 OUT 2B
9
8
5
6
MAIN2 RS-485/RS-422 3A
MAIN2 RS-485/RS-422 3B
RS 422 IN 2A
RS 422 IN 2B
7
6
7
8
MAIN2 RS-485/RS-422 4A
MAIN2 RS-485/RS-422 4B
P661
KEY EVENT OUT*
35
1P601
11
2P601
11
No. 1 GIA 63W
TRANSMIT INTERLOCK*
No. 2 GIA 63W
TRANSMIT INTERLOCK*
SEE NOTE 6
Figure B-2 GDR 66 VDL Mode 2 Interconnect Example
190-00303-24
Revision C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page B-2
APPENDIX B INTERCONNECT EXAMPLES
GDR 66 DIGITAL RADIO
P661
1P3471
No. 1 GMA 36
AUDIO PROCESSOR
4
7
8
33
32
13
TRANSCEIVER 2 MIC KEY* OUT
TRANSCEIVER 2 MIC AUDIO OUT HI
COM 600 OHM AUDIO OUT HI
COM 600 OHM AUDIO OUT LO
9
10
12
TRANSCEIVER 2 AUDIO IN HI
SELCAL AUDIO AND DATA OUT HI
SELCAL AUDIO AND DATA OUT LO
41
42
31
52
RECEIVER 4 AUDIO IN HI
RECEIVER 4 AUDIO IN LO
COM MIC KEY*
COM MIC AUDIO IN HI
COM MIC AUDIO IN LO
TRANSCEIVER 2 AUDIO LO
SEE NOTE 6
1P601
KEY EVENT OUT*
35
11
2P601
11
No. 1 GIA 63W
TRANSMIT INTERLOCK*
No. 2 GIA 63W
TRANSMIT INTERLOCK*
Figure B-3 GDR 66 Analog Voice Mode Interconnect Example
190-00303-24
Revision C
GDR 66 Installation Manual
Page B-3