Image Maker
Base & Pro Editions
Wide Format Copying
Color and B/W
User’s Guide
Windows 98, NT & 2000
Table of Contents
1. Making Copies
1.1 Copy Steps – Overview
1.2 Copy Steps – Description
Insert your Document
Select Color or Black and White Copying
Select the Type of Original
Select the Copy Sizes
Start Copying
1.3 Additional Options and Tools
Scan to File
Optional Previewing
Set the Number of Copies
Stop Button
The Reset Button
Collate Copy – Copy Sets
2. Image Maker Copy System
2.1 About the System
2.2 Installing Image Maker
2.3 Setting Up the System for the First Time
Setting Up Your Printer
Setting Up Your Scanner
Copy System Verification
Copy System Defaults
Quick Access to Predefined Lists
Temporary Image Maker Files
2.4 The Image Maker User Interface
The Viewing Section
The Control Section
The Copy Toolbar
Entering Numbers and Names
3. Reference Guide
3.1 Type of Original Templates
About Type of Original Templates
Type of Original Selection
Setting the Copy Method
Red, Green & Blue
Black & White Level
Accept/Save/Delete Template Settings
Creating Type of Original Templates
3.2 Size Settings
Size Option Relationships
Setting Input Size/Output Size
Using Size Presets
Controlling the Size Preset List – Paper Series
Setting a Scale factor
Using Scale Factor Presets
3.3 Basic Output Settings
Setting the Output Margins
“Account for unprintable area” Option
Printer Selection and Setup
Copy Quality
Paper Roll
3.4 Layout Options
Paneling and Tiling
3.5 Accounting
Active and Total Account
Using Accounting
Accounting log files
3.6 Scan to File & Print from File
Scanning to a File
Printing from Files – The List Tab
Setting up the Print List
Maintaining the Print List
3.7 Media Profiles – Optimal Color Output
Setting the Media Profile
Creating New Media Profiles
3.8 Previewing
The Paper Frame
Zoom Tools
Move Tool
Position the Paper Frame
Align the Image
3.9 Setup Preferences
Units of Measurement
Loading Preferences
Options for Scanner and Interface
Scanner Settings
Selected Scanner
Paper Load
Media Offsets
Extended Thickness Settings
Calibrate the Scanner
What is Calibration?
Why Calibrate?
When Should I Calibrate?
How Do I Calibrate?
Verifying Your Copy - Testing
On Screen Verification
Make a Trial Copy
4. Appendix A: Glossary
5. Appendix B: Program License Agreement
6. Appendix C: Index
Oce-USA, Inc. reserves the right to modify the information given in this publication without
prior notice. The License terms and conditions applicable for your purchase of this
equipment or/and programs are given in the license agreement (see Appendix). Please
consult them for details.
© Copyright Océ –USA, Inc., June, 2000
Note: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,
recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.
Image Maker is the complete copying software for Océ wide format color
and monochrome scanners. This guide explains how to use the Image
Maker copy features.
Image Maker comes in two software editions: Image Maker BASE and
Image Maker PRO. The Image Maker PRO application contains all the
features found in Image Maker BASE plus a number of advanced copy
features designed specifically for professional users. This guide covers all
the features in Image Maker PRO and thereby covers those in Image
Maker BASE as well. The text will point out which program features are
exclusively included in the Image Maker PRO edition.
System Requirements
• Supported computer and operating system, see the chapter on
• Wide format color or monochrome scanner.
• Large format printer.
Related Publications
Documentation, which came with your computer.
The "OPERATOR’S GUIDE" which came with your Wide Format Scanner.
Documentation regarding your supported large format printer.
See also the README.htm file on the Image Maker distribution CD for
latest information and news.
About This Guide
This guide is divided into 3 main sections.
Chapter 1 describes how to make a copy in a few simple steps.
Chapter 2 describes the system and how to set it up for the first time.
Make the appropriate default settings for your scanner and printer so the
system becomes as easy to use as a standard office copy machine.
Chapter 3 is your reference guide. Look here for details on each of Image
Maker’s copy options and advanced features for high quality color and
monochrome copying. Contains information about bypassing Image
Maker’s standard settings for creating finely tuned copy parameters to
match your own needs and most demanding copy assignments.
The following typographical conventions are used throughout this User’s
Dialog, button, selection and option labels are capitalized as they
appear in the application and written in Italics for enhancement.
Examples: Select the Type of original button.
Names of Image Maker tools and other application components
appear in italics, conventional book title capitalization format
(proceeding caps in each word).
Examples : The Zoom Button is found in the Image Toolbar.
Terms that are not tools or control labels but internal definitions
related to Image Maker’s features will appear without italics but in
conventional book title capitalization format.
Examples: Scale Preset
Instructions on choosing an option will use the general term “press”.
Structural Features in this Guide
The Image Maker PRO Feature Marker:
This User Guide has primarily been composed for Image Maker PRO
users, although it covers all the Image Maker BASE features as well.
Therefore, all screen dialog illustrations herein display the Image Maker
PRO interface. The main difference between the Image Maker PRO
interface and the Image Maker BASE interface is the existence of an extra
tab - the List tab, in the control section on the right side of the screen.
The differences between Image Maker PRO and Image Maker BASE will
be pointed out in relevant sections with help from the icon/marker
described below.
The Image Maker PRO Feature marker appears wherever the text
applies to features found solely in the Image Maker PRO software edition.
Sections without the PRO Feature marker apply to both the BASE and
PRO editions.
TIP: Tips point out good ideas or techniques you might not discover on
your own.
NOTE: Notes offer more insight into features or issues that may be of
special interest without distracting you from the main subject.
Making Copies
1. Making Copies – Quick Start
With your system up and ready, wide format copying is easy and most
copy tasks will require only a few settings.
1.1 Copy Steps – Overview
Copying is controlled through the Copy Tab and involves the following
Insert the original into the scanner.
Select Color or B&W (black and white) copying.
Select your Type of original template.
Set the Input size. Usually this will be equal to the size of your original.
Set the intended Output size of your copy. For making one-to-one
copies, this will be the size of your original.
6. You can also use Scale to determine the copy’s size. Press the copy
Making Copies
Fig. 1-1: Copy Options
You can preview the image before printing. The preview will give you a
“What You See Is What You Get” (WYSIWYG) picture of your copy. Press
the Preview button to load a preview of your copy.
1.2 Copy Steps – Description
This section describes in greater detail the central copy steps listed on the
previous page.
Making Copies
1.2.1 Insert your Document
1. You can load your original into the scanner from the scanner’s center
or side. See the current loading method in the Setup Tab -> Load.
2. Place the document with the intended top edge forward in the scanner
insertion slot.
3. Slide the document gently into the insertion slot until you feel it pulled
into the start position.
1.2.2 Select Color or Black and White Copying
For monochrome scanners, this is not an option. For color scanners with
monochrome capabilities, your selection determines which Type of original
templates will be available in the following step.
1.2.3 Select the Type of Original
A Type of original template describes your input.
To select the Type of Original template:
1. Press the Type of original button in the Copy Tab dialog.
2. In the resulting Type of Original (template) Setup dialog, press the
Type of original button to see the list of templates available.
3. Select from the list a Type of Original template that best describes
your current input.
TIP: You can set the system to bypass the Type of original setup dialog
and go straight to the list of templates by selecting Setup tab->Options>Quick select lists.
Making Copies
Fig. 1-2: Type of original Template List - Color Copying
4. The two tables below show the standard Type or Original templates
delivered with Image Maker. Use the descriptions to select the best
template for your original and copy assignment.
5. Press OK to apply your choice.
Making Copies
Type of original templates for Color copying:
Color Photo
For reproducing photographs and posters.
For documents containing both photos and text.
Suitable for maps and graphics with a high level of
Type of original templates for Black and White copying:
Normal is suitable for drawings, text, and
documents that contain black and white together
with graytones.
Suitable for Blueprints - originals with distorted
foregrounds and backgrounds. The shades that
create image noise are close to the shades of the
image’s data and are hard to differentiate.
Suitable for Sepia originals with the same
foreground/background distortions as described
above for blueprint.
B&W Photo
B&W Photo is suitable for photographic images that
contain many shades of gray.
1.2.4 Select the Copy Sizes
The Input size, Output size, and Scale settings work together to determine
the image capture area and the size of the resulting copy. The three are
connected and changing one will automatically adjust the others following
a defined order described in the reference guide section. You can select
your size values from a list containing standard and custom predefined
sizes. Image Maker always maintains an image’s aspect ratio when input
and output sizes differ.
Making Copies
Selecting the Input size:
1. Press the Input size button.
2. The next dialog is the Input Size Setup dialog. Press here the Input
size button to display the list of sizes predefined in your system.
Fig. 1-3: Select Copy Size Values
3. Select from the list the size that fits your original.
4. Press OK to return to the Copy Tab.
Selecting the Output size
This follows the same pattern and offers the same size choices.
1. Press the Output size button in the Copy Tab and again in the Output
size Setup dialog.
2. Select the size you want for your output copy.
3. Press OK to return to the Copy Tab.
Use a Scale factor to determine the copy’s output size:
This is an alternative way to determine the size of your copy.
1. After making your input setting, press the Scale button.
2. The next dialog is the Scale Size Setup dialog. Press here the Scale
button to display the list of standard or customized scaling factors
predefined in your system.
Making Copies
Fig. 1-4: Select Scale Values
3. Select the Scale value that fits your copy intentions. A Scale factor of
100% makes a 1:1 duplicate. Below 100% reduces the image in the
copy and above 100% blows it up.
4. Press OK to return to the Copy Tab.
TIP: You can set the system to bypass the Input, Output and Scale Setup
dialogs and go straight to the predefined value lists. Select Setup tab>Options->Quick select lists for quick predefined value access.
1.2.5 Start Copying
The Copy button starts the copy process with the settings you made.
Making Copies
1.3 Additional Options and Tools
The steps described up to this point are all you need to make quality
copies. The program also includes additional features you will find useful.
1.3.1 Scan to File
Pressing the green Copy button will trigger a straight-through copy
process - from scanning to printing. But you also have the option to use a
2-step copy workflow. Image Maker PRO’s Scan to File button gives you
the option to store your copies as files without sending them to the printer.
This means that you can gather copies in digital format for printing later or
for archiving.
The Scan to File option works together with the List tab dialogs. Through
the List tab, you choose one or more files for printing and let the system
work overnight. Copy-to-file and print-from-file functionality with the Scan
to File button and the List tab are described in detail in Chapter 3.
1.3.2 Optional Previewing
Creating a preview is not absolutely necessary. If you know your settings
work well with the current original, then you can skip previewing. The
Preview button can be pressed at any time, and always creates a fresh
preview of the whole image while using the currently active settings. This
means that you can visually control new settings online before pressing
the copy button and sending output to the printer.
1.3.3 Set the Number of Copies
Press the Copies button if you want to make more than one copy of the
loaded original. Enter the number of copies in the edit field. Wide format
copy jobs can be time consuming. This option allows you print overnight or
frees you to take care of other tasks.
Making Copies
1.3.4 Stop Button
Use this button to abort the current copy process. You can also use it to
cancel a preview of an image file while it is being loaded.
1.3.5 The Reset Button
Press the Reset button to clear your own settings and reset the application
to all of Image Maker’s default values.
1.3.6 Collate Copy – Copy Sets
The Collate Copy function works like on standard office copy machines.
The function allows you to group your copies into sets, and then output a
selected number of these sets on your printer. By activating the Collate
Copy tool, you tell Image Maker to store the copies internally before
sending them out to the printer. All the previewing and enhancement
options available for single document copying are also available when
using Collate Copy.
To make collated copies – copy sets:
1. Insert the first document of your set into the scanner.
2. Make your copy settings in the Copy Tab dialog.
3. If you wish, you can press the Preview button and make on screen
adjustments and tests.
4. Press the Collate Copy button.
5. The original will then be input (captured) as with single sheet copying,
but it will be put on standby inside your system instead of going to the
6. Continue inserting originals that belong to the set and press the
Collate Copy button for each one until all the originals that are part of
the set have been scanned.
Making Copies
7. You can adjust each copy in the set just like you can with single
document copying.
8. Set the number of sets by pressing the button labeled Copies in the
Copy Tab. The number of copies indicates how many sets, each
containing all the input originals, will output on your printer.
9. Press the Collate Print button to activate the whole copy job.
10. You can abort the Collate session at any time by pressing the Reset
TIP: For jobs that require a high level of control and flexibility, use the
Scan to File button and List Tab to create and print your copy sets.
The Copy System
2. Image Maker Copy System
2.1 About the System
An easy to use copy machine
Once the Image Maker system is set up and configured to your office’s
needs and standards, it becomes as simple to use as a conventional
office copy machine. User’s will only need to follow the straightforward
steps described in the first chapter. This chapter contains guidelines for
setting up your system so that users won’t have to worry about more than
those few simple settings.
Advanced options for demanding copy assignments
The application is also designed for very demanding copy assignments,
and the interface offers easy access to special features and options for
advanced users. The application’s advanced features are based on the
documented needs of copy professionals worldwide. Image Maker PRO
supports overnight batch printing with Scan-to-File and Print from File
options. Advanced layout options include Nesting, Tiling and Paneling of
printed output.
Image capture fitted to the original
Different types of originals will need different settings during image
capture. Image Maker comes with standard templates that cover most
original types, but you can also customize your own templates, save and
recall them later when copying similar originals.
You can perform high quality monochrome copying through selectable
gray adaptive and graytone methods. The advanced adaptive method
analyzes the drawing while scanning, and varies the level to compensate
for changes in background, faded areas and stains. This means that you
can make copies that are clearer and sharper than their originals.
The Copy System
Dual 2D-Adaptive Enhancement
B/W copying uses Dual 2D-Adaptive enhancement processing in which
processing is performed simultaneously on different aspects of the
original. Enhancements includes ADL+ error diffusion halftoning, 2DAdaptive foreground thresholding, 2D-Adaptive background suppression,
and 2D-Auto edge enhancement. Image Maker emulates the image
processing features in the software for those scanner models without
embedded hardware processing.
Previewing results
The Image Maker interface includes a preview window that provides not
only visual control of your settings, but also useful on-screen viewing tools.
You get a WYSIWYG picture of the copy including your selected margins.
When you make enhancement adjustments such as lightness, sharpness,
etc, an updated preview will display the effects of your adjustments on
your screen before you commit the copy to the printer.
Color matching
High quality color results can only be obtained if the capture device
(scanner) and output device (printer) “see” colors in the same way on a
given media. Closed-loop calibration ensures optimal color consistency
between the scanned original and the printed copy. The process involves
analyzing the correspondence between printed and scanned values on a
set of reference color patches printed on the actual output media. The
results are stored in units called “Media Profiles” and each refers to a type
of output media that you use.
A number of standard color Media Profiles, fit to popular printers and
printing media are predefined, tested and installed with the Image Maker
If necessary, you can create your own Media Profiles and thus add
required media types to the list. Guided by the application, you print the
color patches on your printer and then scan the printed output,
automatically generating a Media Profile that will be applied during
copying. You can store your different Media Profiles, each reflecting a
specific combination of printing media and printer. The color consistency
parameters are automatically activated when you select your printing
media with the your current printer.
The Copy System
Copy System Configuration
Configure the system, presets, and default settings to your office‘s
standards and needs so that anybody can make high quality copies
without fussing over options by using established settings. The system can
stand ready at all times so anybody can walk up and immediately make a
List of Main features:
• Copy settings are stored in useful templates and presets.
• Standardized and tested templates for different types of originals are
already created and available with the application. These standard
templates cover most copy needs.
• Output color quality is controlled through binding the color
characteristics of your scanner, printer and the type of output media
you are using. These factors are stored in your system as Media
• Standardized and tested Media Profiles fitted to the most popular wide
format printers and media are included in the application. Just select
your printer and media and the underlying Media Profile parameters
will be activated behind the scenes.
• You can also create your own Media Profiles for special printers or
printing media.
• Use advanced tonal adjustments such as white/black levels, color
balance, sharpening, blurring, saturation and lightness to copy color
• Use advanced dual 2D-Adaptive enhancement control for B/W
copying. The advanced enhancement features are supplied through
emulation in the software for scanner models without the hardware
embedded processing.
• With on-screen previewing you can control the quality of the image
with your settings before copying.
The Copy System
Image Maker PRO Only:
Accounting function that enables you to keep track of copying and
paper usage per user/billing account.
Extra flexibility with 2-step copying through scan-to-file and print- fromfile options.
Advanced layout selections – Paneling for combining large-format
image sections to create huge enlargements and Nesting for
economizing usage of expensive printing media.
The Copy System
Large Format Printer
Wide Format Scanner
Fig. 2-1: Wide Format Copy System
The Copy System
2.2 Installing Image Maker
The Image Maker program requires a compatible wide format scanner
correctly installed and powered on in order to function. Installation will
require a mouse or other pointing device.
Image Maker can be installed on the following systems:
Windows 98
Windows NT
Windows 2000
Always check the README.htm file on the distribution CD for updates
describing supported platforms and installation procedures.
Scanner and Printer Installation
Your scanner and printer must be connected and their relevant drivers
installed before installing the Image Maker software.
Follow the scanner installation instructions in the Operator’s Guide
that came with your scanner (remember to install the Adaptec ASPI
drivers for the SCSI I/F).
Install your large format printer following the manufacturer’s
installation instructions.
Windows 98, NT, 2000 Installation
System Requirements:
24-bit color display for traditional PC version.
Mouse and keyboard.
PC - 64 Mb RAM (128 Mb recommended).
Minimum 800 x 600 display.
The Copy System
Use the Setup program (SETUP.EXE) on the distribution CD, to set
up Image Maker on your computer:
1. Insert the Image Maker distribution CD in the CD-ROM drive.
2. Normally, the setup program will start automatically. If it does not,
perform the following steps to activate it.
3. Click the Start button on the Taskbar, choose Run from the menu.
4. Type D:\setup in the Command Line Box (where D: represents the
name of your CD-ROM drive).
5. Choose the OK button.
6. Follow the setup instructions on the screen.
After installing all the files, “Setup” creates an Image Maker program
folder with an Image Maker icon for easy access to Image Maker.
To start Image Maker:
1. Click “Programs” in the ”Start” menu.
2. Click the “Image Maker” program folder.
3. Click the “Image Maker icon to start the program.
2.3 Setting Up the System for the First Time
This section tells you how to setup and test your system. Setting up the
system involves also setting the parameters to accommodate your office
per default, so that after the setup, users can make copies with minimal
Setting up your system involves:
1. Setup your printer - make and verify your initial printer settings.
2. Setup your scanner - make and verify your initial scanner settings.
3. Verify the copy process.
4. Set your system defaults.
The Copy System
2.3.1 Setting Up Your Printer
Your printer must be set up correctly before you can start copying. Make
sure your printer is installed according to the printer manufacturer’s
instructions. Then perform the following steps:
1. Press the Output Tab.
2. Press the button labeled Printer to reach the dialog shown below.
Fig. 2-2: Printer Selection and Setup Entry
3. Press the Printer Setup button to reach the driver options:
The Copy System
Fig. 2-3: Print (Driver Setup Dialog)
You can use a Windows printer driver or select Direct Printing.
Image Maker does not have control over Windows driver options.
With direct printing, you can use standard Printer Profiles created
for popular printers or, you can create your own Printer Profiles.
Direct printing is faster than Windows printing and enables usage
of the standard Media Profiles supplied with the application. Click
and scroll the list of predefined printer profiles and check if your
specific printer is among them.
If your printer was not among those predefined in Image Maker,
you can customize your own printer profile. See “Printer Setup” in
the Reference Guide sections for details on creating printer
4. When you leave the dialog, the printer name will be displayed on the
button labeled Printer.
5. Press the Unprintable Area button to enter the values defining the
printer’s unprintable area (margins). Look in your printer’s
documentation for the correct values. The values can be used for
calculating output margins and saving paper. More on this is in the
Reference Guide on the Output Tab – Margins.
The Copy System
After defining your printer, verify your printer settings by making a
test print directly from Image Maker:
1. Still in the Printer Setup Dialog, Press the Test Print button.
2. A test image should be output on your printer. If not, go back to the
Printer Setup button options and check your driver settings.
3. The current printer’s name will be displayed under the Preview
2.3.2 Setting Up Your Scanner
Verify that your scanner is connected, turned on and functioning correctly
as described in the “OPERATOR’S GUIDE” that came with your scanner.
Image Maker will automatically find scanners connected to your system.
You can verify the scanner model through the Setup Tab.
1. Press the Setup tab.
2. Press the button labeled Scanner.
Fig. 2-4: Scanner Setup Dialog
3. Select the Scanner: button. The Scanner: button displays a list of
recognized scanners when more than one scanner is connected. With
a single scanner system, just verify that the named scanner fits the
description of your model.
The Copy System
Demo scanner - When you start Image Maker, the application will tell you
if it could not find an attached scanner and you will be given the option to
run Image Maker with a Demo scanner. The Demo scanner is a fictitious
device that enables you to run the interface for demonstrations or tutoring.
To make copies, Image Maker must recognize a real scanner.
If Demo appears as the current scanner when you have one attached,
then push the Rescan SCSI bus button in the Scanner Setup dialog. This
will initiate a new search. If Image Maker still doesn’t recognize your
scanner, try rebooting your PC with the scanner ON and warmed up.
Test your Scanner
1. Try to scan any Letter-size, A4 or small sized document with text or a
picture. Insert the document into the scanner). Push the paper gently
into the insertion slot until it is detected and pulled inside.
2. Select the Copy Tab.
The Copy options are shown below.
Fig. 2-5: Copy Options
The Copy System
Enter settings into the Copy options as described below:
3. Select Color or B/W copying. Use color if you are using a color
scanner with a color original.
4. Set the Input and Output size to ANSI A or A4. To change the Input
and Output size, press on each of the buttons and select the size
definition from the list.
5. Set Copies to 1.
6. Press the Copy Preview button
. The image of your original
should appear in the Preview Window as it is scanned.
2.3.3 Copy System Verification
After verifying the printer and the scanner separately, complete the system
verification by making a copy. Use either the sheet still in the scanner, and
then follow these steps:
1. Press the Reset button to clear alterations from previous steps.
2. Press the Copy tab.
3. Make the settings in the Copy tab as in the previous section on
“Setting Up Your Scanner”.
4. Press the Output tab.
5. For color copying, select a media from the list of Media Profiles
available with your printer. Find the Media Profile that matches the
media currently loaded in your printer.
6. If there are no Media Profiles available with your printer, then see the
reference sections on creating Media Profiles so you can set one up
for the system.
7. Press the Copy button
in the screen toolbar. This activates
both the scanner and printer. The scanner starts capturing the original
and the copy is gradually output on your printer.
The Copy System
2.3.4 Copy System Defaults
Once you have confirmed your system’s functionality, move through the
options in the Output and Setup tabs and make the settings that will apply
as default settings for your system and all its users. Selections should
include margins, quality, paper loading and measurement unit
preferences. You should also add any necessary customized Type of
original templates, sizes and scale factors.
For example, your Media Profile should be set to match the paper in your
printer and your margins should be set to your office’s standards. The
settings that apply when you install Image Maker are tuned to the most
common copy purposes and can be reinstated at any time by pressing the
Reset button.
Setting up your system defaults will make copying a simple process and
many users will not need to get acquainted with the more advanced
features in Image Maker. Once the system defaults are in place, copying
will follow the simple steps described in the first chapter of this guide. Use
the reference guide if you need to look for details on the settings.
2.3.5 Quick Access to Predefined Lists
Selecting the option Setup Tab -> Options -> Quick select lists will change
the behavior of your interface. The option affects dialogs for setting Type
of original, Input size, Output size, Scale, Printer, Accounting (PRO
version), and Scanner values. The option reverses the order in which the
2 types of value dialogs appear. Normally, the specific Setup dialogs
appear first and you need to press another button to reach the easy-to-use
lists of predefined and standard values. With Quick select lists selected,
your interface will always start by presenting the predefined value list
dialogs first. The list dialogs will then contain a tool button that will take
you to the option’s Setup dialog.
Set this option if your system primarily uses Image Maker with standard
and customized predefinitions. Leave the option empty if you usually need
to make specific adjustments and settings for different copy jobs and you
usually choose to ignore the lists with predefined values.
The Copy System
2.3.6 Temporary Image Maker Files
Temporary Image Maker files are placed according to the TEMP
environment variable. This variable will typically be set to 'C:\TEMP'. If you
encounter disk-full problems, and have extra disk space free on another
drive, you could solve the problem by reconfiguring the TEMP
environment variable.
Windows NT: Control Panel - System - Environment - User variables TEMP=D:\TEMP
Windows 98: autoexec.bat - set TEMP=D:\TEMP
2.4 The Image Maker User Interface
The Image Maker user interface can be divided into two main sections:
1. The Viewing Section on the left.
2. The Control Section on the right.
2.4.1 The Viewing Section
The viewing section consists of:
The Image Toolbar at the top with tools for moving the image, moving
the Paper Frame, alignment and zooming tools.
The Preview Window for on-screen previewing and adjusting of
expected results.
The Copy System
Viewing Section
Image Toolbar
Control Section
Preview Window
Copy Toolbar
Fig. 2-6: Image Maker User Interface Overview
Control Tabs
The Copy System
2.4.2 The Control Section
The Copy Control section consists of the following control tabs:
1. Copy – Primary copy settings. The options available in the Copy Tab
will be sufficient for most users and common copy tasks.
2. Output – Secondary copy settings that mainly have to do with the
printer, the media, and layout.
3. List – Selecting saved image files for batch or singular printing (Image
Maker PRO only).
4. Setup – Settings that have to do with the scanner and system
preferences such as calibration, interface behavior options, preferred
measurement units (mm, inches), center or side loading, etc.
The following three features are available in the Image Maker PRO
• The Layout option in the Output tab.
• The Account option in the Output tab.
• The List tab.
The control tabs are shown in the figure below:
Fig. 2-7: Copy Control Tabs – Copy, Output, List, Setup
The Copy System
2.4.3 The Copy Toolbar
At the bottom you’ll find the Copy Toolbar with the main buttons – Collate
Copy, Preview, Reset, Stop and Copy.
The Copy toolbar in Image Maker PRO version contains in addition to the
above a Scan to File button:
2.4.4 Entering Numbers and Names
There are some dialogs and option fields in Image Maker that will require
written values or texts. These are especially common in connection with
customizing and creating new presets. The return key accepts your setting
and returns to the previous dialog.
Reference Guide
3. Reference Guide
3.1 Type of Original Templates
3.1.1 About Type of Original Templates
The Type of original template is your central input parameter and relates
to controlling image capture. The capture or scanning Method with
relevant image enhancement settings are grouped together in a Type of
original template that is constructed to give prime results with the kind of
input document it refers to. Your selection of Color or B&W copying
determines which Methods and enhancement adjustments are relevant to
the template.
For most copy assignments, you only need to select a Type of original
template that fits your input and not worry about the settings grouped
underneath. Image Maker contains standard Type of original templates
with optimal default settings. For example, a brochure is typically a mix of
photos and text while maps are line orientated. These characteristics are
accounted for in the Brochure and Map Type of original template’s settings
and enforced during image capture. However, sometimes you will want to
make small adjustments to a standard Type of original template or you will
want to construct one of your own and save it for repeated use.
Reference Guide
To access the Type of original template settings:
1. Press the Copy Tab.
2. Set the copy mode to Color or B&W.
3. Press the Type of original button. The Type of original (template)
Setup dialog appears. The setup dialogs related to Color and B&W
copying are shown in fig 3-1.
4. If you selected Setup tab->Options->Quick select lists, you will need to
use the tool button on the Type of original list dialog to reach the Type
of original Setup dialog.
TIP: While adjusting template settings, you can use the Preview button to
get on-line screen views of your setting’s effects on the copy.
Reference Guide
3.1.2 Type of Original Selection
With the Type of original button you can adapt to the current input type by
selecting a template from a list. The text describing the currently active
Type of original template is always displayed on the selection button.
Standard Type of Original templates are supplied with Image Maker and
they will fulfill most of your copy needs. When you create a new Type of
Original template, it will be added to the list of available template options.
Fig. 3-1: Type of Original Template Setup -Color Copying and B&W Copying
Reference Guide
Type of original templates for Color copying:
Color Photo
For reproducing photographs and posters.
For documents containing both photos and text.
Suitable for maps and graphics with a high level of
Type of original templates for Black and White copying:
Normal is suitable for drawings, text, and
documents that contain black and white together
with graytones.
Suitable for Blueprint and other originals with
heavily distorted foregrounds and backgrounds.
The shades that create image noise and those that
represent the image’s data are hard to differentiate.
Suitable for Sepia and other originals with heavily
distorted foregrounds and backgrounds. The
shades that create image noise and those that
represent the image’s data are hard to differentiate.
B&W Photo
B&W Photo is suitable for photographic images that
contain many shades of gray.
3.1.3 Setting the Copy Method
The Method applies to the way the scanner captures and digitizes the
image. The default Method settings for the built-in Type of original
templates are optimal in relation to the kind of original in question and you
shouldn’t have to change them. However, if you are creating a new Type
of original template, then use the following guidelines.
1. Press the button labeled Method.
2. A list of available Methods appears.
3. Methods are relevant to your choice of Color or B&W copying.
Reference Guide
Available Methods for color copying:
Continuous tone Photographic color images.
• Sharpen function is optimized for continuous
tones and moiré removal.
• Black Level has light impact on graytones.
Both photographic and lineart/text elements.
• Sharpen function is optimized for mixed
• Black Level has moderate impact on
Maps or drawings.
• Sharpen function optimized for thin lines
• Black Level has heavy impact on graytones.
Available Methods for Black and White copying:
For Line drawings and mixed graphics
• Removes background noise.
For low contrast and difficult drawings.
• Clears up and intensifies low contrast drawings
where background noise and foreground data
are hard to differentiate.
For Photographic images
• Maintains the original’s full dynamic range.
Reference Guide
3.1.4 Lightness
This same setting can also be accessed directly from the Copy Tab
dialog. The default Lightness value is set to zero which works well with
most documents. You can change this value to make the copy lighter or
darker and compensate for dull or faded originals.
1. Press the lightness button. A value selection panel appears:
2. Select a positive value from the list to make the copy lighter.
3. Select a negative value from the list to make the copy darker.
3.1.5 Saturation
Saturation indicates the intensity of a hue or in other words, the strength of
a color. A high saturation makes a color’s hue more intense than the same
color with a low saturation value. To adjust the saturation:
1. Press the Saturation button.
2. A value selection dialog appears.
3. Zero is your “normal” saturation level.
4. Select positive values to increase saturation.
5. Select negative values to decrease saturation.
NOTE: Setting Saturation to other values than zero will affect colormatching precision.
3.1.6 Red, Green & Blue
You can adjust your copy’s color balance during image capture through
separate controls for each of the three color channels, Red, Green and
Blue. Adding and subtracting an amount of a color affects the whole color
balance. Often it’s best to keep the three channels on the same levels.
Experiment with the different effects through previewing.
1. Press one of the three color balance buttons, Red, Green or Blue.
Reference Guide
2. A value selection dialog appears.
3. Select negative values to reduce the total content of the color and
select positive values to increase the total content of the color.
4. Adjust the other color channel controls in the same way.
NOTE: Changing the color balance values from zero will affect color
matching precision.
3.1.7 Black & White Level
The Black Level is used to change dark graytone colors to true black. For
example, if you are copying a brochure with a mixture of text and pictures,
the text will often be digitized to a color that we may see as black but really
is a dark graytone. When the printer digests this graytone data, it will print
the original’s text with a halftone pattern, meaning scattered dots instead
of solid black.
By increasing the Black Level value, you can get the text to be copied in
real black and it will therefore appear clearer. Use the Black Level option
with caution, because it can change other dark colors (not only grays) into
black making small dark spots appear in the picture.
White Level is used if you have an original with a background that is not
completely white. If you want your background to appear as pure white
then you can set the White Level to a lower value. As with Black Level,
White Level should be used with caution. Some of the other light colors
can also be affected by changing the White Level value.
Both Black and White Level function as ”cutoff” values in which pixels
under or over a certain value are affected by the setting. You define
cutting points on a scale of low to high lightness measured in values from
0 to 255. Black defaults at zero and white at 255.
Reference Guide
You have copied an original and want to improve it by making the text
blacker and the background whiter.
Adjust the black level upwards from its default of zero (to let's say 25)
and thus make pixels with low lightness values go to black.
Adjust the white level downwards from the default of 255 (to say 230)
and thus make the pixels at high lightness levels (from 230 and up to
255) go to white.
3.1.8 Sharpen/Blur
You can give your copy sharper lines with the Sharpen option. The
Sharpen feature identifies edges in the image and intensifies them.
The Blur feature blends colors and thus removes unwanted "noise" during
image capture. Many images are created with dithering, which is used for
representing different colors in the original, and this dithering often creates
unnecessary “noise” in the image. Blurring smoothes out unwanted
transitions between colors. With Black and White copying the Blur feature
smoothes out gray dither by removing unwanted sharp transitions between
excessive shades of gray.
Don’t think of blurring as the opposite of sharpening. Sharpening works on
the image’s edges only while blurring looks at whole color or graytone
areas and smoothes them out.
TIP: Using Sharpen together with the Blur feature can often enhance
image quality by first blurring away noise in the image and then
sharpening the result.
To set Sharpen and Blur:
1. Press the Sharpen/Blur button.
2. The Sharpen/Blur dialog appears:
Reference Guide
Fig. 3-2: Sharpen/Blur dialog
1. Press the Sharpen button
2. The way you set the Sharpen effect depends on the scanner model
and scanning Method. You will either set numbered values or else turn
Sharpen ON or OFF.
3. If your Method uses selectable values then a value list will appear and
otherwise you’ll get ON/OFF option buttons.
4. Zero and OFF are the “normal” positions.
5. Now Press the Blur button.
6. A value selection dialog appears.
7. The range of Blur values depends on your scanner and scanning
Method. Zero is always the normal setting and the higher settings turn
up the blurring effects.
8. Click OK to accept both the Blur and the Sharpen settings.
3.1.9 Accept/Save/Delete Template Settings
• If you have changed your settings for the current Type of Original
template, pressing the OK button will accept the values but they will
only be used for the current copy job. The next time you call up the
template, it will have regained its old settings.
• Press the Save button if you wish to save the settings under the same
Type of original template name.
• Only user created Type of Original templates can be changed and
saved. The built-in presets that came with the application are protected
and can only be temporarily adjusted for a current copy job.
Reference Guide
• A Type of Original template with a changed parameter will be marked
with an asterisk (“*”).
• To delete an existing Type of Original template, select it from the list
and then press the Delete button.
Only user created Type of Original templates can be deleted from the
• Confirm the action by pressing OK.
3.1.10 Creating Type of Original Templates
When you create a new Type of original template, it will be added to the
list and stay there until you delete it.
1. Press the Copy Tab.
2. Set the copy mode to Color or B/W.
3. Press the Type of original button to reach the Type of Original
(template) Setup dialog. A custom Type of Original template called
“Snow Photos” was created as displayed overleaf.
4. Customizing Image Maker with a new Type of Original template is
controlled with the New and Save buttons on the bottom of the dialog.
5. After having made your settings and ensuring that they work well with
the current original, press the New button.
6. Enter the name for your new template. Select a name that represents
the type of copy job you are working with like “Pastel Posters”.
Reference Guide
Fig. 3-3: Type of original Template Setup - Color Mode
1. Press the Save button to create the new Type of Original template.
2. Your new Type of Original template will be added to the list of those
already available in Image Maker.
3. You can start with one of the predefined Type of Original presets that
is closest to your original, save it under a new name and then change
it to fit your specific needs. Use the preview to test your settings.
4. Press the Save button when you are finished.
5. Press OK to confirm.
Reference Guide
3.2 Size Settings
The Input size, Output size, and Scale are found in the Copy Tab. They
work together to determine the size of the image capture area, the size of
the resulting copy, and the relationship between the two. Usually you
would set the Input Size to that of the original, but you can also use small
sizes to copy selected portions. With the Output size setting or Scale, you
can blow up, shrink or make one-to-one copies of the original.
Fig. 3-4: Input size, Output size, Scale Control Buttons
3.2.1 Size Option Relationships
The Input, Output and Scale values are connected and changes to each
automatically adjust the others in the following ways:
The first time you set a size value, or just after you press reset:
Changing the Input size adjusts the Output size.
Changing the Output size adjusts the Scale
Changing the Scale adjusts the Input size.
NOTE: Image Maker will always retain an image’s aspect ratio when the
input size and output size differ.
Reference Guide
3.2.2 Setting Input Size/Output Size
The Input size setting determines the scope of the scanner’s image
capture area.
You can use the variable Input size setting to capture selected portions of
the original and thus make printed copies of specific image details. You
also might want to print small strips of difficult areas for testing purposes
before committing the whole copy to the printer.
The Output size setting refers to the printed result. For making a
duplicate sized copy, you set both the Output size and the Input size to the
size of the original, or set one of them to the size of the original and set
scaling to 100%. To enlarge an original you set an output size that is larger
than the input size, and the opposite for making a reduced copy.
Enlargement and reduction can also be controlled through scaling.
Reference Guide
To set the Input size or Output size:
1. Press the Copy Tab
2. Press the Input size or Output size button.
3. You can use standard sizes or custom size presets. Press the dialog’s
Input or Output size button to display the list of available sizes.
Fig. 3-5: Size Setup
4. You can also specify the size by setting the Width and Length. The
original’s width can be read off the ruler at the scanner’s insertion slot.
5. Instead of entering a Length value, selecting Auto Length twill
automatically detect the length at the physical bottom end of the
6. Press OK to return to the Copy Tab.
NOTE: If you selected Setup tab->Options->Quick select lists, you will
need to use the tool button on the Input or Output Size list dialogs to reach
the Input and Output Setup dialogs.
Reference Guide
TIP: If you are copying an original that has an uncommon size, then use
Auto Length to let the system detect the length for you.
TIP: Save paper, ink and time. If you are going to make a trial copy, then
set the Input size to a small standard size that only covers an area you
wish to test.
TIP: Make a fast miniature version of your big copy by setting the Scale
factor to 25%.
3.2.3 Using Size Presets
Image Maker covers most original and copy sizes with a wide range of
predefined standard size options. But you may get an assignment in which
a whole group of specially sized copies must be made, or you have a
repeat customer or user who’s standard size of input material does not
match worldwide standards. In such cases, you could save precious time
by retaining the special size definitions in size presets that can be recalled
when needed.
When you create a size preset, it becomes available both in the list of
Input size presets and in the list of Output size presets because the list of
preset sizes is shared by both options. This means that a new size preset
can be created through both the Input Size and Output Size dialogs with
absolutely equal results - a new size definition on the application’s shared
list for predefined sizes.
In the following steps, we will create a new pre-defined size through the
Input Size dialog bearing in mind that we can perform the same task
through the Output Size dialog.
1. Press the Copy Tab.
2. Press the button labeled Input size (or the tool button
>Options->Quick select lists is selected).
3. In the Input Size dialog, press the New button.
if Setup tab-
Reference Guide
4. Enter and accept a name for your size preset such as “Bob’s Photo
Fig. 3-6: Adding a new size to the Size Preset list
5. Press the Width button and set the width value you want in your
preset. Set the Length value in the same manner.
6. Your preset can also use the Auto Length option for automatic length
7. Press the Save button when you are finished.
Your new size will join the standard sizes and your other user-defined
sizes in the list of available size presets as shown above.
Reference Guide
Changing Size Presets:
1. Through the Input or Output Size dialogs, select the size preset you
wish to change from the list of presets.
2. Only user created sizes can be changed and saved. Standard size
presets that came with Image Maker are write-protected. However,
you can always save the values for a standard size under a new name
and then change it.
3. Make your changes to the size through the Width and Length buttons.
4. Press the Save button when you are finished.
5. A Size preset with a changed parameter will be marked with an
asterisk (“*”).
6. If you Press OK,
the preset will only be changed for the
duration of the current job.
To delete an existing Size Preset:
1. Select the size preset you wish to delete from the list.
2. Only sizes that are user created can be deleted. Size presets that are
standard and delivered with Image Maker are protected.
3. Press the Delete button.
4. The size preset will be removed from the Input Size and Output Size
Reference Guide
3.2.4 Controlling the Size Preset List – Paper Series
You can customize your list of available presets to hide entries you seldom
or never use. Determine which types of size presets you want to appear in
the size preset list through the Setup Tab dialog.
1. Press the Setup Tab.
2. Press the Option button and then the Paper Series button to reach the
Paper Size Series dialog shown below.
Fig. 3-7: Paper Series Dialog - Controlling the Size Presets List
3. A Paper Size Series with a check-mark means it is available in the list
of size presets. You can enable or disable a series at any time.
4. For example, removing the checkmark by Custom will make your user
defined size presets disappear from the size list. The presets are still
in the system and re-checking Custom again will make them
5. Click the OK button to enforce your changes.
3.2.5 Setting a Scale factor
The scaling value is defined as a percent (factor) of the original. A scaling
factor of 100% means that the original retains its size. The scaling factor
can be selected from a list of predefined factors, or it can be set manually.
New Scaling factors can be created and added to the list of available
scaling factors.
Reference Guide
To set the scaling factor :
1. Press the Copy Tab.
2. Press the Scale button.
3. Press the next Scale button in the Scale Setup dialog to view
predefined scaling factors.
Fig. 3-8: Scale Presets List
4. Select one of the Scale factors from the list or else use a manual
setting as described below.
5. To create a manual setting, select the button labeled Value in the
Scale Setup dialog and enter your scaling value.
6. Click OK in the Scale Setup dialog to accept the scaling factor and
return to the Copy Tab dialog.
Reference Guide
3.2.6 Using Scale Factor Presets
Image Maker supplies a number of predefined standard scaling options,
fitted to the most common copy assignments. But as with special paper
sizes, you may find you need a special scaling factor for a whole group of
copies. In such cases you should create a Scale preset and add it to the
list of available presets for repeated use.
Press the Copy Tab.
2. Press the button labeled Scale (or the tool button
>Options->Quick select lists is selected).
if Setup tab-
3. In the Scale Setup dialog, press the New button.
4. Enter and accept a name for your new scale preset like “Bob’s Large
5. Press the Value button and set the scale value.
Your new scale will join the standard
6. Press the Save button.
scales in the Scale Presets List as shown below.
Fig. 3-9: Adding a New Scale Factor Preset
Reference Guide
Changing Scale Presets
1. Press the button labeled Scale in the Copy Tab dialog and go to the
dialog that shows the predefined scale preset values.
2. Select the scale preset, you wish to change, from the list.
3. Only user created scale factors can be amended and saved. The
standard scale presets delivered with Image Maker are write
4. Make your changes to the scale through the Value button.
5. Press the Save button when you are finished.
6. A changed Scale preset with will be marked with an asterisk (“*”).
7. You can also click OK instead of Save,
only be changed for the current job.
but then the preset will
To delete an existing Scale Preset
1. Press the Scale button in the Copy Tab dialog.
2. Select the Scale preset you wish to delete from the list.
3. Only scale presets that are user created can be deleted. Standard
scale presets delivered with Image Maker are protected.
4. Press the Delete button.
3.3 Basic Output Settings
3.3.1 Setting the Output Margins
Your margin values will be deducted from the Output size you selected in
the Copy tab. The effects of the margins on your copy will be displayed
visually in the WYSIWYG Preview Window.
Reference Guide
You can for example use margins to duplicate those of your original, crop
poor quality edges or create new white edges around copied pictures for
framing. Your assignment may involve following a dictated marginsstandard and this option enables you to set that standard for all your
Fig. 3-10: Margin's Cropping Effect – Input and Output size is ANSI B with
1/2" Margin in the left example. On the right – same ANSI B Input and
Output sizes but with a 3" Margin
For many copy assignments, you will leave the four Margins settings at the
value of zero because you will want to capture the whole image without
cropping off any of the original’s edges. With the Margins set at zero, a
thin-lined frame will still outline your input and output expectations in the
WYSIWYG preview.
Reference Guide
Copy Frame - WYSIWYG Margins
Copy outer border
Margins Dialog
Image copied
Fig. 3-11: Setting Margins
Setting Margins
1. Margins will be calculated in the Unit of Measure you selected in the
Setup Tab dialog. Go to the Setup Tab options if you wish to change
the current measurement units for setting the margins. (mm, inches
or Scan Units).
2. In the Output Tab dialog, Press the Margins button.
3. Set the Top, Bottom, Left and Right margins in the Margins dialog.
4. Use the Link option if you want equal margins all around the image.
With the Link option checked, you only have to enter the margin value
in one of the four fields.
Reference Guide
5. Most printers cannot start printing at the very edges of the paper and
thus enforce a margin on your output. You can choose to take this
margin or so called “unprintable area” into account when you setup
your own margins. More on this in the following section.
6. Check the Print Paper Border option to get a thin black line around the
output size boundaries. With wide format printing on large printer rolls,
this option will give you a clear cutting line so you end with precisely
the output size you defined.
The thickness of the Paper Frame in the Preview Window will reflect your
margin settings in relation to the output but also in relation to the input so
you can see precisely how they will crop the input image.
If you set Margins to zero, then a thin frame will still outline your current
capture area in the Preview Window.
3.3.2 “Account for unprintable area” Option
The Margins we set in the Output Tab dialog are the copy’s “output
margins”. But the printer itself also creates margins. The size of your
printer’s margins or so called “unprintable area” depends on the printer
model and cannot be changed. You should consider the printer’s margins
as your minimum margins and they will be in your output whether you want
them to or not.
The Account for unprintable area option is found in the Margins dialog and
it lets you compensate for these uncontrollable margins. Selecting the
option lets you economize paper usage by keeping unneeded margin
space down to a minimum. Selecting the option will tell the application to
deduct the printer’s enforced margins from your output Margins so the
total margins are as you specified for the copy. For duplicating originals
without margins, you would not want output Margins either and thus the
option should be deselected.
To use the option, you have to enter your printer’s unprintable area values
as specified in your printer documentation. This is done through the
Output Tab -> Printer -> Unprintable Area button. See the section on
Printer Selection and Setup in the reference guide.
Here are some guidelines on using the “Account for unprintable area”
Reference Guide
If you select “Account for unprintable area”:
• You will also have selected a minimum output Margin at least equal to
the printer’s margins. The program will automatically update the
values in the Output Tab’s Margin values to reflect this. If you set
output margins to zero or lower than the printer’s, then the printer’s
margins are used and updated as the output Margins.
• If the output Margins you set are higher than the printer’s, then the
printer’s margins are deducted from the output margins meaning
Image Maker only adds on the margins that the printer is missing. This
means that your total margin, measured from the paper’s physical
edges, will be as you specified in the Output Tab – Margins option.
• The cropping effect on the original is always determined by the value
displayed on the Output Tab’s Margin button whether it was
automatically calculated or not. The actual cropping effect will be as
displayed in your WYSIWYG preview.
If you do not select “Account for unprintable area”:
The output margins you set will be added to the printer’s, measuring
from the paper’s physical edges.
Only the specified Output margins will crop the copy as displayed in
your preview.
You would typically want to use precise margins when copying on
standard format sized sheets manually fed into the printer. When you print
on paper rolls, you will often have to cut out the copy anyway.
Some examples:
If you are copying an original photo without margins then set your
output margins to zero and uncheck the “Account for unprintable area”
option. Print the copy on a roll or a sheet larger than the specified
output size to get the whole image because the printer’s enforced
margins will offset your copy.
Let’s say you are printing a D-size poster, you want a margin of 1.5”
on the copy and your printer margins are 0.5”. You are duplicating the
poster on a D-size sheet. Here you could select the Adjust for
unprintable area option. You can then set your output Margins to 1.5”
and you will also get only a 1.5” margin from the paper’s physical
edges. Using the Adjust for Unprintable area option saves paper for
jobs when margins and slight cropping are acceptable.
Reference Guide
3.3.3 Printer Selection and Setup
The selected printer will be named on the Output Tab’s Printer button. If
you want to change its settings or you wish to define and use another
printer, then …
1. In the Output Tab, press the button labeled Printer.
2. In the Printer Setup dialog, again press the Printer button.
Fig. 3-12: Printer Selection
3. Select the device you wish to use from the list of printers detected.
4. Press the Unprintable Area button and enter the values for the
printer’s internal margins and Media Width capacity. These are used
with the Account for unprintable area option in the Margins dialog. The
values should be found in your printer’s documentation.
Reference Guide
Fig. 3-13: Unprintable Area Dialog
5. If you want to adjust the current printer’s settings, or select and setup
a new printer, then Press the Printer Setup button.
Setting the Printer properties
The Print dialog contains options for setting printer driver properties.
Fig. 3-14: Printer Setup dialog
The Print dialog informs you of the current settings for the selected printer
and port. The dialog offers a wide range of options, allowing optimal
flexibility in relation to your different printing needs.
Reference Guide
Printer Name
Printing is always done through a printer that is defined in your operating
system. Click the Name drop-down box to select one of the printers
defined on your system.
Print To File
Check the Print to file option if you wish to redirect print output to a file. A
file Save As.. dialog appears when you start copying.
Select your Printer Driver
The printer driver selection area offers users optimal flexibility for obtaining
perfect printer output at maximum speed. By clicking on Properties next to
the selected driver type, existing printer settings can be changed or new
printer profiles can be configured to fit specific requirements.
You can select either:
1. Use Windows printer driver
2. Use direct printing.
Use Windows printer driver
Select Use Windows printer driver to activate a printer driver loaded under
Windows. Click on Properties to display the specified printer’s
configuration dialog. See your printer’s documentation for details on
configuration of the driver. Printing with the Use Windows printer driver
option is slower than the Use direct printer option described below.
Use direct printing
Use direct printing gives you optimal speed and control over output
results. With Use direct printing you can select one of the predefined and
tested printer profiles available with Image Maker. The print job is
processed as a raw print that goes directly to the printer queue, which
speeds up printing considerably.
Use direct printing also allows you to use and create your own printer
profiles. User defined printer profiles can be added to the profile list by
way of the Properties dialog’s Clone… button.
Press the Properties button to reach the dialog shown overleaf.
Reference Guide
Use direct printing - Properties
Pressing Properties after choosing Use direct printing will start a dialog
with Printer Specific options. Here you can:
1. Set the printing resolution.
2. Set the Printer Language Properties - File formats and control.
3. The Properties... button next to the Format box enables you to make
settings specific to the format selected.
Fig. 3-15: Use Direct Printing - Properties Dialog
Creating User-defined Printer Profiles
User-defined profiles are configured and saved in the Use Direct Printing Properties dialogs.
You configure new Printer Profiles by cloning from the currently selected
profile. This is equivalent to borrowing properties from the current printer
in order to define a new one. Select the printer you wish to borrow traits
1. Click the Clone… button and enter your adjustments to the borrowed
2. Enter a new printer profile name and save by clicking OK.
3. To delete a printer profile, select the printer profile from the list and
click Delete. Only user defined printer profiles can be deleted.
Reference Guide
3.3.4 Copy Quality
You can define the quality of your copy. The quality settings represent
different combinations of scanning and printing resolutions.
Fig. 3-16: Setting copy quality
3.3.5 Paper Roll
Some printers support more than one paper source or roll. Use this option
to specify which paper source you want to use for the copy.
1. Press the Roll button
2. Select the paper roll number from the list or ...
3. Use Manual Feed when inserting single sheets into the printer.
4. Use Auto when you want the printer to pick its paper sources.
Fig. 3-17: Setting the Printer's Paper Roll
Reference Guide
3.4 Layout Options
The Layout button gives you control over the way your output is placed on
the paper media. Three layout options are provided with Image Maker
PRO – Normal, Paneling and Nesting. Normal layout (default) means all
your copies are printed on the leftmost edge of the paper, one after the
other and always as complete images. Although this is the most usual way
to make copies, it is not always the best one. On one hand, your options in
relation to making large copies will be limited to the printer’s physical
width. On the other hand, “not-so-wide” copies will use the whole width of
the expensive paper roll/sheet no matter how much space the copy itself
really needs.
The Layout dialog solves these problems. Paneling enables you to divide
your image into sections. Each section is output using the printer’s large
format capabilities and the sections can then be glued together for
creating posters much wider than your printer can print. Nesting is for
printing smaller copies on large format media. With Nesting you can fit
collated or multiple copies side by side using the roll/sheet width optimally
and economically. The Paneling and Nesting layout options are described
in the following sections.
Reference Guide
3.4.1 Paneling and Tiling
Fig. 3-18: Paneling Settings
Paneling enables you to create huge enlargements. With Paneling you
print wide format sections of your image as “panels” and then glue the
panels together to reconstruct the image. In effect, the Paneling option
creates a virtual printer with unlimited width capabilities. Image Maker
PRO makes Paneling easy by supplying precisely placed cutting lines and
guiding glue marks on the panel edges, so you can connect your panels
with near-invisible seams. Tiling is also paneling – but gives you the option
to make your panel sections by dividing the image both horizontally and
vertically. For simplicity, we will use the term “Paneling” for both paneling
and tiling throughout this section and point out differences when
To use Paneling:
Select the Output tab
Select the Layout button.
Select the Paneling option.
Make your paneling settings. The following options are available:
• Width – For setting the width of the panels. The width includes the
Overlap area. At the most the panel width can be as wide as the
Reference Guide
printer’s printable area. For maximum sized panels, set the panel
width to the same value you set as the printer’s Media Width
(through the Output tab->Printer->Unprintable area) minus the
printer’s left/right unprintable areas. This value should correspond
with the documented printable area for your printer. Image Maker
will calculate the size of the last panel. When calculating special
panel widths, for example for dividing the image into equally wide
panels, you must remember to add extra space for panel overlap
(see the example below).
• Overlap – Determines the width of the overlap areas – i.e., the
edges that contains equal image data on two adjacent panels.
Large, heavy panels will need wider overlap and gluing areas than
smaller panels.
• Glue Marks – Small gray arrows are printed on the panel’s edges
to help guide you when you connect the panels. The glue marks
will hardly be distinguishable in your large copy. The arrows vary
in size - the larger the Overlap width the larger the arrows printed.
Maximum arrow size is 1” high.
• Tiling – Allows you to determine the length of your panels. Your
sections will be connected both horizontally and vertically. Tiling is
useful for single sheet printing but can also be used if you want to
make small sections on rolls. With tiling turned off, the panel is
output continuously on the printer from the image’s top to its
bottom. Each panel becomes as long as the image itself and the
panels only have to be connected at the sides.
• Length – Sets the length of your tiles if tiling is used.
Set your large Output size in the Copy tab. Your Output size value is
set to the size you want for the end result, i.e., the size of the total
image after the panels are assembled.
Make your Copy tab and Output tab settings such as Type of original,
Input/Output Size, Margins, Lightness, Number of copies, Media
profile etc, as with normal copies.
Press the Copy button (Print button when printing from file) to output
your panels.
Assemble your panels as described below.
NOTE: Your Margins setting in the Output tab will apply for the whole
image after you connect the panels and not for each individual panel.
Reference Guide
NOTE: Paneling can be used with both Scan-to-print copying and with
Print-from-file copying through the List tab.
To illustrate paneling, let’s say you want to copy your poster as a 50”
wide copy on your 36” wide printer.
1. Set your Output size - Width at 50” and enabled Auto length.
2. Select the Output tab -> Layout -> Paneling
3. Set your panel Width. In this example, the printer’s printable area is
given as 34”. A width of 34” per panel will do the job with one panel of
34” and a second panel of less than half that width. The system will
automatically calculate how many panels to print. In this case - two
panels will be output.
4. You can also choose to create two “close to” equal panels. You could
set the width to 25½” – thus adding a 1” overlap, but it would be better
to set the width to 26” and accept that your second panel is
unnoticeably smaller than the first. It is a good rule to round fraction
width values upwards to ensure stable calculations of overlap space.
5. Set Overlap to 1”.
6. Select the Glue Marks option.
7. With a paper roll loaded in our large format printer, we choose to use
conventional Paneling without Tiling. We will let the printer create a
continuous full-length strip for each panel and thus omit the need for
vertical seaming.
8. Press the Copy button to output your panels.
Reference Guide
Assembling the Panels
The strips or tiles representing sections of a whole image need to be
connected. Unless you have a huge table, it would be best to arrange your
sections on the floor in their correct order.
If you selected the Glue Marks option, Image Maker will have made your
job easier by printing the following guide-markings on the panels:
• The Cut line – A line will be printed on the left side of panels that are
to be joined with their left neighbor – i.e., every panel but the first
(leftmost) panel in a row. Use a sharp knife, scissors or other cutting
device to cut on the right edge of the line (to remove the line itself).
The cutting line will be placed in the middle of the overlap area so
slight irregular cuts can be tolerated since cutout image data will be
picked up in the overlap area of the neighboring panel.
• Glue mark arrows – After cutting the edges at the cut line, bring your
panels together by overlapping with rightmost panel on top of the
panel on its left. The second panel in a row overlaps the first panel,
the third overlaps the second and so on. Use the glue mark arrows to
fit and glue the panels together with perfect seams (see the illustration
You assemble the panels by bringing the arrows printed on the
overlapping panel down on top of the arrows printed on the
underlying panel.
Reference Guide
Overlap Areas
Glue mark
Glue marks
(Right edge)
(Left edge)
Glue mark
Cut line
Fig. 3-19: Paneling – Cut Line and Glue Marks
NOTE: If the Tiling option is selected, cut lines and glue marks will be
printed for vertical connection as well as horizontal connection.
Reference Guide
Bring your panels together by overlapping the edges with each rightmost
panel on top of the panel on its left. The second panel in a row overlaps
the first panel; the third overlaps the second and so on as illustrated
Fig. 3-20: Order of assembly from right to left - Illustrated with Tiling
3.4.2 Nesting
Often you will need to make sets of copies that only take up a fraction of
the full printer width. Normally, multiple printing of “not-so-wide” copies on
large format media (rolls or sheets) will result in considerable paper waste
as each new copy is output on a new strip starting at the left edge of the
paper. Nesting solves this problem.
With Nesting you can fit multiple copies side by side using the roll/sheet
width optimally and economically. Nesting is perfect for printing multiple
copies, collated copies and file print lists when at least some of the copies
can be fitted side by side in the output. Nesting is also useful for creating
large-thumbnail collages for presenting overviews of whole sets of images.
Reference Guide
The copies that are nested together do not need to have equal
dimensions. Image Maker PRO automatically finds the best fit for all the
copies that are included in the job.
To use Nesting:
1. Select the Output tab
2. Select the Layout button.
3. Select the Nesting option.
Fig. 3-21: Nesting Settings
4. Make your Nesting settings. The following options are available:
• Optimized – With Optimized selected, Image Maker PRO will
find the best solution for Nesting with the least paper waste.
Without Optimized the copies are placed side by side in the order
of input. Omitting Optimized can sometimes give a result that is
easier to cut because the copies are simply lined up one after the
other. The price is wasted paper. Selecting Optimized will always
give a more economical result.
• Spacing – Determines the minimum amount of empty space
between each nested image.
5. Make your Copy tab and Output tab settings such as Type of original,
Margins, Lightness, Media profile etc. as with normal copies, or else
select the files for copying from your print list.
6. To get a benefit from nesting, you should have selected one of the
multiple copy output functions:
• Copy tab -> Copies set to more than 1 copy.
Reference Guide
Collate Copy
Printing multiple files/sets from the List tab -> Print list.
7. Press the Copy button (Print button for Collated and Print List copying)
to output your Nested copies.
NOTE: When printing multiple sets, nesting is performed within each set
but not between the sets. Each new set will be started on a new strip and
thereafter nested individually.
The following figures illustrate two Nesting cases. In the first figure, simple
multiple copies were selected by setting the number of copies (Copy tab>Copies) to 7 and then selecting nesting. Both Optimized and nonoptimized nesting would give the same result.
The second figure illustrates optimized nesting of a set of 3 files printed
from the print list (List tab). One image was set in the list for 2 copies.
Optimized nesting will give equal results no matter how the files are
ordered in the print list.
Fig. 3-22: Simple Nesting of Multiple Duplicate Copies
Reference Guide
Fig. 3-23: Optimized Nesting of Different Sized Copies
3.5 Accounting
The Accounting feature helps keep track of your copy activities. It can be
used to record your copy expenses and to bill your customers. Accounting
records information on your systems scans, prints, copies and paper
usage. Accounting information is stored in a simple format so it can be
loaded into spreadsheets and databases. The Accounting dialog is shown
Fig. 3-24: Accounting Dialog
Reference Guide
3.5.1 Active and Total Account
The active account
The active account name is displayed on the Account button in the Output
tab. In the example above, the active account is called “Order 324”. All
activities – copy, scan and print will be recorded to the active account until
either a different active account is selected or the Accounting feature is
disabled (see below). Only one account (besides the Total account) can
be active at a time.
The Total account
The built-in Total account runs constantly in the background. Its purpose is
to record all your system’s activities. Activities registered on a current
active account will automatically be recorded in the Total account as well.
The Total account cannot be deleted, reset or disabled.
3.5.2 Using Accounting
To create a new account
Press the Output tab.
Press the Account button
In the Accounting dialog, press the New button.
Enter and accept a name for your new account.
The new account will automatically become the currently active
To select/activate an existing account
Press the Output tab.
Press the Account button
In the Accounting dialog, press the Account button.
A list of existing accounts appears. Use the arrows to scroll through
the list. Press on an account name to select it.
5. Back in the Accounting dialog, press OK to accept the account as the
active account.
Reference Guide
NOTE: With an account active, every time you start a scan, print or copy
operation, you will be prompted to verify the account as the one to use for
the current operation.
Reset an Account
The Reset button will change all the values for the active account back to
zero. A warning is displayed before the function is carried out.
Delete an Account
The Delete button will delete the active account from the account list and
also the account log file from your disk. A warning is displayed before
deletion is carried out.
Disable option
You can turn the accounting function on and off. Press the Disable button
to turn off accounting. Select or create an account to turn accounting back
on. The Total account cannot be disabled and will continue to record your
system’s activities. The Account button will display a slash (“-“) while
accounting is disabled.
Reference Guide
Accounting criteria
The activities that update an account are: Copy, Collate Copy, Scan to
File, Print from File. The accounting system records the number of times
the system scans, prints and copies (straight-through scan and print).
Scan to File updates only the scan fields, Print from File only the print
fields, while Copy and Collate Copy update both. The number of square
feet or square meters for scanning and printing activities are calculated
from the Input size and Output size settings. The calculations for paper
usage in square feet incorporate the full Media Width as set in the Output
tab -> Printer -> Unprintable Area dialog.
The following table shows how Image Maker actions update the
Accounting fields:
Account Fields
Collate Copy
Scan to File
Print from File
3.5.3 Accounting log files
Image Maker PRO creates special log files for direct integration into your
invoicing and bookkeeping systems. Accounting data is organized in files
for easy loading into spreadsheets and/or databases.
Accounting data files are stored in the Image Maker PRO/Accounting file
folder. There is one file for each account you create. The files are named:
<account name>.csv. These (.csv) files can be viewed raw with standard
text editors like MS Notepad, and they can be loaded into popular
spreadsheet and database applications.
The files contain lines of comma-separated fields. Each line represents a
single action and a line’s field contains values recorded during the action.
The actions that trigger the creation of a new line are: Copy, Collate Copy,
Scan to File, Print from File.
Reference Guide
3.6 Scan to File & Print from File
You don’t have to send your output to the printer right away. In Image
Maker PRO, you have the option to save your copies and print them later.
3.6.1 Scanning to a File
You save your copy to a file with the Scan to File button.
1. Make your copy settings – Type of original, input and output size, etc.
with or without previewing as with normal copying. Output settings
such as Margins, Layout, Media Profile, etc. can be made later when
you print from the file.
2. Press the Scan to File button.
3. The Scan to File dialog appears. You are offered a default file name
for your destination file. The default name is composed of the current
date and time. You can change this name by pressing the File Name
button and entering a new name.
4. If you can accept the suggested name and folder - go to step 7.
Fig. 3-25: Scan to File Dialog
Reference Guide
5. The Folder group displays the current folder in which the file will be
saved i.e., your destination folder (in the figure above it is the C:\
folder directory). You can either accept the current destination folder
or change it to another by pressing the Change button to reach the
dialog shown overleaf.
Folder up button
Fig. 3-26: Change Folder
6. Use the arrows to find the right folder on your disk. The Folder up
button (marked “..”) will move you up to the overlying directory level.
Pressing a folder name will move your search to the folder’s directory
level. If needed, you can create a new folder in the current directory
with the New Folder button.
7. Click OK in the Change Folder dialog when you have selected the
destination folder for your file. After selecting your filename and
destination, you are returned to the Scan to File dialog.
8. Press the Scan button
save the image.
to start the scan-to-file process and
NOTE: Each file will be saved with the Copy tab settings that applied
when you pressed the Scan to File button. The Output tab options, such
as Margins, Layout, Printer and Media Profile can be set and changed
when you print the file through the List tab.
Reference Guide
3.6.2 Printing from Files – The List Tab
You used the Scan to File button to save copies on your disk. Now you will
want to print them. Printing your files is setup and controlled through a
convenient Print List.
You can select single or multiple files for printing by either putting one or
multiple files in your list. Multiple selections enable you to use business
hours to create copy files and then let the program print your copies over
night. You can select the number of copies you want to output by defining
the quantity for each file individually, by determining the number of sets
(how many times the whole list will be printed) or by using a combination
of both.
You access the files saved on your disk through the List tab.
Fig. 3-27: List Tab - Print List
To print the files in your Print List:
1. Press the List tab to reach the dialog displayed above.
Reference Guide
2. Whenever you enter the List dialog, the copy button changes to the
Print button.
3. The Print list group displays the files currently selected for printing. If
the list is empty or it needs changing, then you will have to select files
and build your list. Entering new files and changing the list is
described in the following sections.
4. Check or change your current Output tab settings. The current Output
tab settings such as Margins, Layout, Printer and Media Profile will
apply to the whole print job.
5. Press the Print button to send the listed files to the printer.
NOTE: Image Maker’s Print from File functionality is designed specifically
for printing files created with Image Maker’s Scan to File feature and is not
recommended for outputting files from other sources.
3.6.3 Setting up the Print List
1. If there are files in the list from a previous job, you can use the Clear
List button to start afresh with an empty list.
2. Press the Add to List button
dialog shown below:
to reach the Add Files to List
Reference Guide
Folder up button
Fig. 3-28: Add Files to List Dialog
3. Only a folder’s image files will be shown. You select files for the Print
List by checking the box to the left of the file name.
4. The Folder up button (marked “..”) will move you up to the overlying
directory level. Clicking on a folder name will move you into its
directory level.
5. Pressing the current directory button on top (in the figure above it is
labeled “C:\Copies April”) will give you the options to either rename the
current folder or delete it from your disk. Only empty folders can be
6. Pressing a file name will display the following context menu:
Fig. 3-29: Add file to list options
Delete – will (after confirmation) permanently delete the file from
your disk.
Reference Guide
Properties – will display the full path, format, size and creation
Check all – will select all the files in the current folder for addition
to the list. You can then go through the list manually and uncheck
unwanted files.
View – will display the file’s image in the Preview Window.
Previewing can be aborted by pressing the Stop button.
7. Press OK when you have selected the files you want in your Print list.
You can also put only one file in your list if you want to print a single
8. You can always go back and add more files from another folder with
the Add to List button.
3.6.4 Maintaining the Print List
Set the number of copies
Press a file name to view
properties, remove from list or
preview image.
Number of sets – print the whole
list X times
Fig. 3-30: List Tab - Changing the print list
Reference Guide
In the List tab dialog, you can make settings that apply to the files in your
list and the whole print job before committing the job to printing.
1. Set the number of copies for an individual file by pressing the Copies
button to the right of the file name.
2. Set the number of times you want your whole list printed with the
Number of sets button.
3. Select (press) a file name in the list to change the file’s settings. The
following context menu appears.
Fig. 3-31: Options for files in Print list
Remove – Removes the selected file from the list (not from your
Output Size – Selecting this option takes you to a dialog similar to
the Input Size, Output Size and Scale button group found on the
Copy Tab. The file’s Input size is retrieved from information in
your file and you have the option to re-scale the original size in the
output copy. Use Output size or Scale to resize the copy.
Fig. 3-32: Select an Output Size when printing from a file
Reference Guide
Properties – Displays the file’s properties – full path with name,
size, type and creation date. You can change the order of the file
in the print list by pressing the dialog’s Move up and Move down
buttons. Check the Delete after print option if you want Image
Maker to delete the file from your disk automatically.
View – Sends a preview of the file to the Preview Window.
Previewing can be aborted midway by pressing the Stop button.
3.7 Media Profiles – Optimal Color Output
3.7.1 Setting the Media Profile
Behind Image Maker’s Media Profiles lies one of the application’s greatest
strengths. When you select your printer and Media Profile, you are actually
harmonizing scanner, printer and media color factors for achieving optimal
color precision in your copies. More details on what lies behind Media
Profiles follows in the section “Creating New Media Profiles” in this
reference guide.
NOTE: Selection of a Media Profile is only relevant for color copying.
A Media Profile becomes available on the internal list of output media only
if such a profile exists for the printer and media type involved. A Media
Profile can be installed later or else created through the Media Profile
Setup option.
Image Maker comes with standard Media Profiles for many common
professional wide format printers. The standard Media Profiles work only
with the Direct Printing option.
This means you will usually just choose a Media Profile from the list of
predefined Media Profiles and thereby make optimal and tested color
matching settings with only the one simple selection. If your current media
is not in the list, it will be, after you run the media through the profile setup
Reference Guide
To select the Media Profile:
1. Open the Output Tab options.
2. Press the button labeled Media Profile.
3. Select the Media Profile that describes the media loaded in your
printer. The list will only show you Media Profiles available with your
printer model. Examples of media types are HighGloss Photo,
SemiGloss Photo, Coated as shown below.
4. If the media does not figure on the list, then you need to create a new
Media Profile.
5. You can create a new Media Profile through the Printer Setup dialog Media Profile Setup (see the next section).
Fig. 3-33: Select your Media Profile
NOTE: To ensure stability of colors and optimal color matching, it is
recommended that you color calibrate your scanner periodically.
3.7.2 Creating New Media Profiles
A general problem with color scan-to-print copy processes is matching the
original input colors with the printer’s output colors. High quality scanners
can see many more colors than printers can print, so a solution must be
found regarding all the unmatched colors. Furthermore, colors can change
noticeably when printed on different types of output media.
Reference Guide
Image Maker supports an answer to this problem through “Closed Loop
Color Calibration”. It works by letting the scanner read the printer’s entire
color range before scanning. Saved inside Image Maker is a special color
patch chart that you print out with your printer, on the intended end-result
media. Then you scan the printout on your scanner and Image Maker will
calculate the best possible mapping of scanner colors to printer colors
while incorporating the media type’s effect on the colors.
In this way, the scanner’s color interpretations are matched to the printer’s
output colors with the type of media taken into consideration. These are
stored as “Media Profiles” and you need one for each type of media you
use on each of your printers.
The color matching process is hidden, and you don’t have to worry about
it. All you have to do is set the Media Profile in the Output Tab dialog, and
adaptation to the media is activated behind the scenes.
Your Image Maker application already contains a number of tested Media
Profiles that cover the most popular large format printers and compatible
media types. These Media Profiles should be sufficient for most of your
copy jobs.
However, to support color matching on less common printers and special
media types, Image Maker offers the option to create your own Media
Profiles through straightforward procedures. Once created, they are added
to the list of available Media Profiles for the printer and can be reused for
future jobs.
NOTE: Don’t confuse Image Maker’s Closed Loop Color Calibration
with the Scanner’s Calibration. The scanner’s calibration involves
stabilizing the scanner’s color interpretation to a common and standard
base point.
Scanner calibration must be performed regularly and it is recommended to
calibrate just before creating new Media Profiles through closed loop
calibration. The scanner’s calibration is crucial for the color matching
process to work properly. See the section “Calibrate the Scanner” for
Reference Guide
To create a new Media Profile:
Be sure to color calibrate the scanner before moving to the following
1. Press the Output Tab.
2. Make sure the media is not already available in the list for Media
Profiles. If it is, then you don’t need to make a new one.
3. Still in the Output Tab, press the Printer button.
4. Press the Add Media Profile button in the Printer Setup dialog. The
Media setup dialog is shown below.
Fig. 3-34: Media Profile Setup
5. In the Media Profile Setup dialog, press the Print Color Sheet button to
print a color patch reference sheet.
Reference Guide
6. Load the color sheet into the scanner with the arrow at the position
indicated in the dialog (given in the scanner units found on front of the
7. Press the button: Name and Scan Sheet.
8. Enter the name of your new Media Profile. Select a name that will
enable you to identify the Media Profile in the future. Hit the return
button to accept the new name and initiate a scanning of the color
The Media Profile will then be on the list of available profiles for that (and
only that) printer.
You can use the Delete button to delete Media Profiles. Only user created
profiles can be deleted. Predefined Media types supplied with the
application are protected.
You can use the Rename button to rename Media Profiles if needed. Only
user created profiles can be renamed.
Media Profile setup through closed loop calibration is illustrated overleaf.
Reference Guide
Scan the Color
Sheet. Name and
store the new media
Step 3
Step 1
Print the Color
Sheet from Image
Maker with the
media in the
Step 2
Prepare the Color
Sheet for scanning
Fig. 3-35: Create New Media - Closed Loop Color Matching
3.8 Previewing
It is often a good idea to preview the image before copying to the printer.
You may want to control your tonal settings such as lightness and
saturation. You may also want to visually control the effect your document
size and margins will have on the final output. You may want to readjust or
relocate the Paper Frame on the image.
Reference Guide
The Preview button loads a fresh preview of the copy each time it is
selected. By the word “fresh” we mean that the loaded image always uses
the last settings made and the effects of the settings will be visible in the
new preview. This smart feature allows you to fine tune your settings as
you watch them take effect before committing the copy to print.
Press the Preview button to load a fresh Preview.
Note: Color representation on the monitor may not be a true
representation of the output color. Several factors affect the color on the
monitor that are independent of the file and Image Maker.
3.8.1 The Paper Frame
The Paper Frame in the preview window fulfills two functions:
1. It frames the area in the original that will be copied
2. It shows how the Margins will crop the image in the end result.
Before you can see and use the frame, you have to have a preview of the
copy loaded through the Copy Preview button.
The Paper Frame’s size and thickness in the Preview Window will be
determined by the Input Size, Output Size and Margins settings.
NOTE: The Paper Frame gives a complete “What You See Is What You
Get” (WYSIWYG) impression of your copy.
The frame’s visual outer boundaries are determined by the Input size
setting. The area inside the frame shows what will be copied.
The frame’s thickness visualizes the margins in relation to the copy’s size
and shows how they crop the image. With margins at the value of zero, a
thin frame will still be displayed to show the capture area.
Image Capture Area
Fig. 3-36: Paper Frame
Fig. 3-37: Copy Result
Reference Guide
Thickness shows Copy Margins
Reference Guide
3.8.2 Zoom Tools
There are four zoom tools:
Display the whole image – Image Overview:
Copying large format originals means you can not see the whole image at
one time in the Preview Window when presented at its normal size.
Normally, and and to see the effect of margins, you will need an overview
of the whole image. You can use the Zoom All tool to get such an
1. Press the Zoom All tool button.
2. No matter what zooming level you start from, the Zoom All tool resizes
the image so that it exactly fits in the Preview Window.
To zoom in on a specific area:
Use this tool when you need to view details for making enhancement
settings and for aligning.
1. Press the Zoom In button.
2. Zooming takes place immediately with the zoom axis in the center of
the Preview Window.
3. If you need to enlarge the image further, then continue to press the
Zoom In button until you get the required level of detail in the view.
To zoom out from a selected area:
This tool decreases the image size in the Preview Window. Use this tool in
combination with the above Zoom In tool to get the perfect field of view
and detail.
1. Press the Zoom Out button.
2. Zooming takes place immediately with the zoom axis in the center of
the Preview Window.
3. If you need to decrease the image further, then continue to press the
Zoom Out button until you get the required field of view.
Reference Guide
One to One pixel viewing:
Use this tool to view the image with one scanned pixel shown as one
screen pixel.
3.8.3 Move Tool
With this tool you can move the image in order to get any part of it
centered or visible in the Preview Window. This tool is often used when
zooming in on specific details or difficult areas that need to be examined
with different tonal enhancement settings. You can move the image in any
To move the image:
1. Press the Move tool button.
2. The Move mode becomes active.
3. There are two ways to move the image:
• Dragging: Drag with the mouse anywhere in the image window.
Imagine you are gripping hold of the image and dragging it around
inside the window.
• Centering: Click a point on the screen and that point will then be
centered in the preview window. The image shifts so that the point
you selected becomes repositioned in the center of the screen. This
method is especially useful when zooming in on image details. It
lets you pick out important spots and center on them before
zooming in.
Both methods are always active when you select the Move tool and enter
the Move mode.
Reference Guide
3.8.4 Position the Paper Frame
The Paper Frame defines the area of the image that will be copied. Its size
is determined by the size settings made in the Copy Tab dialog. Image
Maker lets you position the Paper Frame directly in the preview and thus
visually set your copy area.
1. Press the Move Frame tool
2. The Move Frame mode becomes active.
3. There are two ways to move the frame:
• Dragging : Drag with your mouse anywhere on the screen. Imagine
you are gripping hold of the frame and dragging it around over the
• Centering : Click a point on the screen and that point becomes the
new center for the Paper Frame. The frame shifts so that it
positions itself with the point you selected directly in its center.
This method is especially useful when you are making spot test
strips for outputting on the printer. It lets you continuously and
rapidly reposition the frame on important areas that you want tested.
Both methods are always active when you select the Move Frame tool and
thus enter the move frame mode.
3.8.5 Align the Image
The original may have been inserted slightly off balance and appears
crooked in the Preview Window. Correcting this does not mean you have
to reload the original and start all over. You can adjust image alignment
before copying with the two alignment tools : Align Left and Align Right.
In the example below, repeated pressing on the Align left button
straighten the image in the copy.
Reference Guide
Fig. 3-38: An unaligned image can be corrected before copying
To align an image:
1. Press the Align Left tool to tilt the image left.
2. Press the Align Right tool to tilt the image right.
3. Use the perfectly aligned sides of the Paper Frame as references.
4. When you press the Copy button, the image will be output as you
realigned it in the Preview Window
Reference Guide
3.9 Setup Preferences
3.9.1 Units of Measurement
Before setting any size parameters, you should determine the unit of
measurement (inches, millimeters or scanner units) you prefer to use
throughout the application.
To set your preference of size measurement units:
1. Press the Setup Tab
2. In the Setup Tab dialog press the button labeled Units of Measure.
3. Select the preferred Units of Measure - mm, inches or scanner-units.
Fig. 3-39: Setting Units of Measurement
3.9.2 Loading Preferences
You can load your original into the scanner from the scanner’s center or
side. Center loading is handy with standard sized originals (A4, A3, E-size,
etc). Center loading is strongly recommended when scanning thick
originals such as cardboard, foam-board, etc. Side loading is convenient
when you want to use the ruler imprinted near the scanner’s insertion slot
to read the width.
Reference Guide
To set loading preferences:
1. Press the Setup Tab.
2. Press the Load button.
Fig. 3-40: Load original Preferences
3. Select Center or Side loading:
Center loading - An arrow on the scanner marks the center
point. Insert your original so that its center is aligned with the
arrow. Standard sizes are marked along the insertion slot.
Side Loading - The edge of the document is inserted so that it
is aligned with the zero point (marked “0”) at the side of the
scanner’s insertion slot.
Reference Guide
3.9.3 Options for Scanner and Interface
The Options button takes you to a dialog in which you can set a number of
program behavior parameters:
Fig. 3-41: Setup tab -> Options dialog
Scanner Speed:
Sometimes, the performance of your workstation will cause the
scanner to make repeated “back-ups” during scanning in order to
ensure correct and continuous processing of scanned data. Back-ups
can be avoided by reducing the maximum scanning speed thus
refitting the scanner’s performance to that of your workstation.
Preview dpi:
Determine the image resolution (between 50 and 300 dpi) for onscreen previewing. Lower resolutions give faster previewing.
Reference Guide
Quick select lists:
This option determines the behavior of your interface in relation to
making settings for Type of original, Input size, Output size, Scale,
Printer, Accounting (PRO version), and Scanner. The default dialog
order is that you first access a specific Setup dialog and from there a
button will take you to the easy-to-use list dialog. With Quick select
lists selected, you reverse this order - your interface first presents the
list dialogs with current predefined and standard values for the
options. From the predefined value lists, you can then choose to go to
the specific (default) Setup dialog by pressing the tool button:
Use this option if you primarily use Image Maker with standard and
customized predefinitions. Leave the option empty if you primarily
need to make specific adjustments and settings for your different copy
jobs and usually bypass the lists with predefined values.
The figure below shows the Input size button behavior with and
without the Quick select lists option selected. The tool button
the left Input Size dialog will activate the Input Size Setup dialog on
the right, and the Input size button in the Input Size Setup dialog will
activate the Input Size dialog on the left.
Reference Guide
Fig. 3-42: First coming Input size dialog with Quick select lists ON (left) and
OFF (right).
Mirror Copy:
Mirror the image during input.
Paper Series:
You can determine which types of size presets you want to appear in
the size preset list through the Setup Tab dialog. This option is
described in detail in the section “Controlling the Size Preset List –
Paper Series.”
Reference Guide
3.10 Scanner Settings
The Scanner Setup dialog contains options for scanner related settings.
Here is where you select the scanner, set Paper Load options, set your
Media Offsets, and make adjustments for scanning thick originals through
the Extended Thickness options.
1. Press the Setup Tab to reach the scanner settings.
2. Press the button labeled Scanner.
3. Press the Scanner Setup button.
3.10.1 Selected Scanner
Image Maker detects which scanner models are accessible through your
workstation. Selecting Selected Scanner displays a drop-down box
containing a list of available scanners named by their model. Clicking on
an item in the list makes it the active scanner.
Fig. 3-43: Scanner Setup Dialog
The same setting can be made in the first scanner setup dialog after
pressing the button labeled Scanner in the Setup Tab.
Reference Guide
3.10.2 Paper Load
Select between Manual load and Automatic load. With manual loading,
you position the original in the slot and then press the down arrow button
on the scanner. With automatic loading, the scanner detects and loads the
original as soon as you insert it. A delay factor can be set for automatic
paper loading giving you time to position the original correctly.
3.10.3 Media Offsets
Fig. 3-44: Scanner Setup - Media Offsets
Correction Factor in scanning … (Vertical Precision Setting)
This option allows you to fine-tune the scanner's vertical precision setting
and mainly refers to copying where the relationship between lengths on
the original must be kept in proportion. This could be the case for
engineering drawings, maps and perhaps even some types of art posters.
During scanning, an original image is digitized as it is propelled through
the scanner. One at a time, thin strips of the image are processed as they
pass the cameras. Vertical precision is directly affected by the speed in
which this happens. Inaccurate vertical precision makes vertical lines in
the scanned image become longer or shorter than the same lines in the
original. The vertical scan accuracy is adjusted and set mechanically
during production of the scanner. This setting, is extremely precise and
more than adequate for most purposes.
Reference Guide
However, should you require very high accuracy, you can modify the
vertical precision from zero to a value between –1% and 1%. Positive
settings mean that the distance between scan lines will be increased, and
negative settings mean that the distance between scan lines will be
decreased. When you exit the Scanner Setup dialog, the modified value is
stored in non-volatile memory in the scanner and can only be changed by
re-doing the setup.
The procedure for vertical precision adjustment would be to scan a
precision original. Measure the vertical distance between points in the
image in a CAD or GIS system. Then compare those with similar physical
measurements between the points on the original. You should scan at the
scanning resolution that you will ultimately be using.
3.10.4 Extended Thickness Settings
Fig. 3-45: Scanner Setup - Extended Thickness
Camera Stitching with thick originals
Scanning needs are not always limited to convenient paper-thin media.
You might need to scan thick originals such as maps or posters pasted on
cardboard. Scanning thick media requires enlarging the scanner’s
insertion area and this can affect the scanner’s automatic control of border
lines between the cameras – the so called Stitching. Stiff and unbendable
media will affect Stitching the most. The Camera stitching option allows
you to adjust stitching parameters when scanning with thick and stiff
Reference Guide
To scan thick originals:
1. Adjust the insertion slot to accommodate your thick media as
described in the scanner’s operations guide.
2. Load the thick original you wish to scan. Center loading is
recommended with thick originals. The scanner’s media transport
rollers grip more evenly with center loading.
3. Click Scanner Setup in the Scan Menu.
4. Make a test scan. Bulky thick media needs to be supported with both
hands on its way in and out of the scanner.
5. Stitching errors will be easiest to see on an image with one or more
clear diagonal lines.
6. Normally, only stiff media will affect stitching. A flexible media will
usually be stitched correctly regardless of its thickness.
7. If the lines seem uneven, check the box labeled Adjust for extended
media thickness.
8. Change the value for each of the scanner’s cameras. Normally, only
positive values should be used.
9. Make test scans and readjust the values until you are satisfied that the
lines are stitched correctly.
10. Click OK to accept your settings.
Use extended thickness paper handling
Scanning thick originals can give distorted results at both the top and
bottom edges where the edge meets the scanner’s rollers. On some
scanner models, you can omit edge distortion by letting the scanner skip
the leading and trailing edges. Edge skipping is the default setting on
these scanners when they are set (see your scanner’s Operator’s Guide)
in one of the extended media positions. Use the checkbox Use extending
thickness paper handling to enable and disable skipping of the two edges.
3.11 Calibrate the Scanner
Scanner Calibration should become a habit for those who value high
precision and quality in their results. Calibrating your scanner may take
about 40 minutes to perform but, if done regularly, it will save you many
hours of frustration trying to get your output to look right. Much too often
the scanner, the software, or the printer are blamed for incorrect output
that would be fine if the scanner was recently calibrated.
Reference Guide
3.11.1 What is Calibration?
Calibration is the process of setting the scanner device to known color
conditions so that it performs in accordance with an established standard.
When you calibrate your scanner to the ANSI IT8 color standard, you
minimize color deviations between scanned ANSI IT8 reference color
patches (on the IT8 Calibration reference sheet) and known color
reference values.
Fig. 3-46: IT8 Calibration Reference Sheet
3.11.2 Why Calibrate?
Scanner calibration ensures stability, reproducibility and predictability of
color output. Light sources and other parts in the scanner can change over
time and this affects the scanners interpretation of colors and its linearity.
Without calibration, the output produced by your scanner half a year from
now will differ from output produced today and will likely be noticeably
inaccurate. Some monochrome scanners support basic calibration.
Basic calibration reduces noise in the dynamic area and ensures stable
and clean scans. For example, it reduces the unwanted effects caused by
dust particles when scanning at high resolutions.
When scanning at high resolutions, even the tiniest dust particles can
cause unwanted speckles in your output. Calibration can help reduce this
kind of noise and ensure clean scans every time.
Reference Guide
3.11.3 When Should I Calibrate?
By calibrating the scanner at regular intervals, say once every two months,
you ensure that all files created are based on the same color scheme.
Thus, the results you get from your system are predictable, so you don’t
have to waste time and money experimenting in order to get the right
Scanner color calibration must be performed regularly, and it is
recommended to calibrate just before creating new Media Profiles through
closed loop calibration. The scanner’s calibration is crucial for the color
matching process to work properly.
3.11.4 How Do I Calibrate?
1. The scanner’s cameras should be correctly adjusted and the internal
glass plate should be perfectly clean before calibrating. See the
operator’s guide that came with your scanner for instructions on
Camera Height Adjustment and Glass Plate Cleaning.
2. It is recommended to let the scanner warm up for 2 hours before
calibrating. Slight intensity changes can occur in the scanner’s
florescent lights just after turning the scanner on. The cameras can
also shift slightly during the first minutes of start up. The 2-hour warmup time will ensure stabilized light conditions and camera heights. The
stabilization will ensure that the conditions during calibration match
those during scanning.
3. Prepare the Basic Calibration Reference sheet and the IT8 Calibration
sheet by removing them from their protective covers and placing them
4. Press the Setup Tab.
5. Press the button labeled Scanner.
6. Press the Calibrate Scanner button.
7. The Calibration Wizard will guide you through the calibration process.
For color scanners, there are three main steps: Basic Calibration,
Graytone Calibration and Color Calibration. For monochrome
scanners that support calibration, only the first step - Basic Calibration
will be necessary.
Reference Guide
8. Follow the wizard’s instructions regarding insertion of the Basic
Calibration Reference. See your scanner documentation for details on
the Basic Calibration Reference supplied.
9. Follow the wizard's instructions regarding insertion of the IT8
Calibration Sheet. You will be requested to make two insertions for
each scanner camera: once for graytone calibration and once for color
balance calibration.
You start with graytone calibration of the first camera, move on to the
next camera, and so forth. The last camera is graytone and color
calibrated after which you move backwards, inserting the sheet for
color calibration until you return to the first camera. The Wizard gives
you the exact insertion points for each camera.
3.12 Verifying Your Copy - Testing
Testing is, of course, optional. You may have perfected your copy
techniques to such an extent that no testing is necessary. However,
testing is just good business because, in the long run, it saves time, ink
and expensive printing media.
There are two verification methods – On-screen verification through the
Preview Window and output verification through trial copies. Neither of the
two methods take much time to perform and for large jobs with many
copies involved, it is recommended to perform both.
3.12.1 On-Screen Verification
At any point in the process of making adjustments to size, margins, color
tones, lightness, sharpness, etc., you can hit the Preview button and see
on screen how the latest settings affect image capture. Use the Zoom
tools to get a better view of the image. As you make new adjustments,
check the effects in a fresh preview by again selecting the Preview button.
3.12.2 Make a Trial Copy
Previewing is fine for many purposes but colors aren’t completely accurate
with screen output. You may want to see an example of “real-life” results
on your printer. After all, the printout is what you are producing in the end.
Testing here should focus on shadow and highlight areas, where contrast
and subtle color changes are crucial
Reference Guide
Set a small Input size using numeric Width and Length values. Move the
small Paper Frame to an area you wish to see printed and the press the
Copy button. This should be an area with shadows or difficult color
transactions. Use the Move Frame tool to position the frame on different
Reset your Input size in the Copy Tab dialog when you are satisfied with
the quality in your test strips.
A: Glossary
4. Appendix A: Glossary
To activate an open window, click anywhere on it or
choose its name from the Window menu. To activate
a window that is not open, open the window.
Active Window:
The window currently in use or currently selected. If a
window is active, its title bar changes color to
differentiate it from other windows. Only one window
can be active at a time; the other windows are
Advanced 2-D Adaptive Thresholding estimates the
background gray level in a window area around each
pixel. The difference between the actual pixel value
and the background is then compared to the adaptive
settings to determine if a pixel is thresholded as a
black or a white pixel
Additive Colors:
The additive primary colors are red, green and blue.
These additive primaries represent the three main
components of white light. Used individually or
together, these three colors of light can be mixed to
create nearly all colors. When these three primary
colors are mixed in equal parts they produce white.
Additive color is used in scanners and computer
ADL+ Error Diffusion
Image Processing that supports visibility of graytones
in printed output by adding toned shades of gray in
regions between black and white. Carried out as a
segment of Dual 2D-Adaptive enhancement
processing in copy modes.
A type of computer image made from a matrix of
individual pixels. .bmp.
A bitmapped image is a computer file representing a
line-art image that was scanned with a scanner.
Refers to the pattern (map) of bits that are either black
or white.
Bitmapped Image:
Black Level:
The Black Level is a setting in scan programs used to
change dark graytone colors to true black. For
example, if one is copying a brochure with a mixture of
text and pictures, the text will often be digitized to a
color that we may see as black but really is a dark
graytone. When the printer digests this graytone data,
it will print the original’s text with a halftone pattern,
meaning scattered dots instead of solid black. By
A: Glossary
increasing the Black Level value, one can get the text
to be copied in real black and it will therefore appear
Black Point Adjustment:
An adjustment made that will determine the amount of
shadow detail in an image. It is considered proper to
set the black point so that the darkest part of an image
will only just have zero detail.
A process of photographic printing used mainly for
copying architectural and mechanical drawings;
produces blue lines on a white/bluish background.
The averaging of pixel elements.
Brightness Adjustment:
An adjustment on a scanner that allows the user to
compensate for a light or dark original.
A unit of digital information made up of a string of 8
Adjusting a device so that it performs in accordance
with an established standard.
Scanner calibration is minimizing color deviation
between scanned ANSI IT8 reference color patches
and the known color reference values. Generally,
Calibration is the process of setting a device to known
color conditions – stabilizing the device to a known
and quantifiable state.
Calibration is commonly done with devices that
change color frequently, such as monitors (phosphors
lose brightness over time), scanners (light changes)
and printers (proofers and other digital printing devices
can change output when colorant or paper stock is
Computer-aided Acquisition and Logistics Support
(CALS) standard, a U.S. Defense Department and
industry initiative that addresses the design,
manufacture, and support issues of generation,
access, management, and use of technical data in
digital form.
Charge Coupled Device, CCD is the image sensor in
the scanner that converts light to voltages. These
voltages are converted by the scanner into the image.
A: Glossary
CCITT Group3:
Standard runlength compression format used with
FAX transmission. It utilizes modified Huffman coding
to further compress the runlength numbers. Most
scanner file formats are dialects of this format.
CCITT Group4:
Two-dimensional compression format, giving very
compact image files. Standardized by CALS (MIL
28002) and ISO-ODA for Drawing Archival and
Check Box:
Check boxes turn a feature on or off. The feature is on
when the box contains an "X." or "(." Click the box to
check or uncheck it as required.
Select an item from a menu. Click the main menu item
and then click the item in the drop-down menu; or,
click the menu item, drag to the drop-down menu
item, and release the mouse button.
A device-independent color space specified by CIE,
used in modern color management software to
facilitate conversion of data from a scanner to a
display, or from a display to an output device.
Centre Internationale d’Eclairage (CIE) is an
international organization that establishes methods for
measuring color. These color standards for
colormetric measurements are internationally
accepted specifications that define color values
mathematically. The first color space model, the CIE
xyz, was developed in 1931. CIE defines color as a
combination of three axes: x, y,and z. The two color
spaces released in 1978 are CIE Lab and CIE Luv.
The goal was to provide an accurate and uniform
reference of visual perception.
Position the mouse cursor on top of an object and
press and release the left mouse button once.
A temporary storage place used for copying and
pasting pictures between programs.
The subtractive printing colors. Cyan, Magenta,
Yellow, Black.
A: Glossary
Color Balance:
The visual effect of an image when the amount of
each color and the overall amount of color are
Color bit depth:
The simplest pixel has two options: black or white. (A
pixel with two choices is known as a 1-bit image, or
two raised to the power of one). Adding more bit
information increases the number of color options.
The number of potential color options for a pixel is
called color bit depth. For example a 4-bit pixel would
have 16 color options, and an 8-bit pixel would have
256 color options, while a 24-bit pixel would have
16,777,216 color options.
Color Cast:
An image is said to have a color cast if its colors are
not true. A color cast will usually be described by
stating the particular color predominant in the image,
e.g., the grass appears to have a red color cast.
Color Correction:
To improve the color rendition. Correcting for, and
eliminating an unwanted color cast.
Color Management System: Color Management System (CMS) software increases
the accuracy of color interchange between scanners,
displays and printers based on profiles for each
device. The CMS is a layer of software resident on the
computer that negotiates color reproduction between
the application and color devices. The CMS performs
the color transformations necessary to exchange
accurate color between diverse devices. The Color
manager needs access to characterization data for the
device. The format and content of such device profiles
is standardized by the International Color Consortium
Color Separation:
Process of separating colors, in an image, into primary
color components for printing. Converting an RGB
color image into CMYK color image. Color separation
is a technical function during which critical settings
such as GCR, black ink limit and total ink limit are
applied to the image.
Color Space:
A color space is a particular language used to
describe color. Examples of color spaces are: RGB,
Electromagnetic energy that exists in the form of
wavelengths creates the perception of color. There is
a huge difference between the visible spectrum we
can see with our eyes and the colors which can be
A: Glossary
reproduced on a computer screen and then printed on
a color printer. The total number of colors that a
device can produce is called its color gamut. The
visible spectrum is larger than the color gamut of a
color monitor, which in turn is larger than that which
can be reproduced by a color printer. No system can
produce all the colors visible to the human eye.
The difference between the lightest and darkest
significant areas in a picture. A picture with high
contrast has nearly white areas and nearly black areas
with sharp changes in brightness between them. The
picture seems dominated by stark light and dark
To duplicate an image and place it on the clipboard.
Crop Box:
A box drawn in the picture when the Size tools are
visible. It shows the area that will be scanned when
saving or printing the picture.
To select the part of the picture desired. Only the part
of the picture inside the crop box is saved or printed.
Density units:
Photographers and printers measure transmission in
base-10 logarithmic density units, where transmission
of unity corresponds to a density of 0, transmission of
0.1 corresponds to a density of 1, transmission of 0.01
corresponds to a density of 2, and so on
The light stopping ability of a film. Density is inversely
proportional to the amount of light reflected or
transmitted by an image.
The program or device where the scanned picture will
be printed or used. This information lets the software
produce the highest-quality picture based on the
characteristics of the selected device.
Device Dependent Color
For example RGB. A device dependent color space,
e.g., the same scan file will appear different when
viewed on different computer displays.
Device Independent Color
For example CIE LAB. A device independent color
space is one in which color values are absolute, e.g.,
defined by CIE standard. CIE LAB is the central color
space in color management systems (CMS) and is
used to translate between different device dependent
color spaces such as scanner RGB and display RGB.
A: Glossary
Device Profile:
A file used as part of a Color Management System
(CMS). A device profile contains information about the
characteristics of a scanner, computer display or
printer. The format for device profiles (Win95,
Colorsync. etc.) is standardized by ICC (International
Color Consortium).
Dialog Box:
A window that appears to request or supply
information. Many dialog boxes have options which
must be selected before the program can carry out a
Digital Image Processor. Hardware embedded
function that does image enhancement in real-time
while scanning.
To use patterns of different colored pixels to create
blended colors; or, to use dots of different sizes to
simulate grayscale images. (see below)
A printing or display device may have only a small
number of grayscale or color values for each device
pixel. However, if the viewer is sufficiently distant from
the printed page or display, the value of neighboring
pixels can be set so that the viewer's eye integrates
several pixels to achieve an apparent improvement in
the number of levels or colors that can be reproduced.
Dots Per Inch (dpi):
A measure of dots in a square inch where the
individual element is a round dot on the printed page.
Position the mouse cursor on top of an item and press
and release the left mouse button twice, in quick
succession. If the clicks occur within the time set in
the MS Windows Control Panel, it interprets the two
clicks as a single gesture.
Dots Per Inch, equivalent to Pixels Per Inch. An
expression of resolution of a scanned image.
A: Glossary
Press the left mouse button and move the mouse
while keeping the button pressed. When the desired
action is completed, release the mouse button. Drag
refers to an action sequence (mouse down, mouse
move, mouse up), such as "Drag the button in the
scroll bar. . ."
Digital Signal Processor, does image enhancement in
real-time while scanning.
Dual 2D-Adaptive
Enhancement processing on the foreground and
background separately. Processing is performed onthe-fly. The separate enhancement processes are
simultaneously performed on different drawing
Dynamic Range:
A measurement of scanner quality; the density
difference between highlights and shadows.
Modify an entry using standard Windows text-editing
The light sensitive silver, coated on the clear acetate
film base, that forms the photograph when a picture is
taken and the film is developed.
Distributing all color or tone equally along a density
To send a copy of the picture to a file.
File Format:
The format in which a scanned picture is saved. Many
programs can insert or import a picture from a file, if it
is saved in a file format that the program supports.
Common file formats include TIFF (Tagged Image File
Format), BMP (Windows bitmap), JPEG (Joint
Photograph Expert Group), and FPX (FlashPix
Flip Horizontal:
To flip the picture left/right.
Foreground when scanning raster data (black and
white, or monochrome data) refers to the pixels that
represent data of interest (background refers to
everything else). Typically, lines and shapes are
represented by black pixels (foreground) and empty
space is represented by white pixels (background).
When scanning grayscale data, background means
the gray level of a region of pixels that surrounds
A: Glossary
some desired foreground data.
Gamma Adjustment:
An adjustment that makes the tone distribution lighter
or darker in an image.
Gamut Transformation:
Color Management System function, where out-ofgamut colors are converted to colors within the gamut
of the targeted device, e.g., a printer.
The color range scanable, printable or displayable by
a device; e.g., if some of the displayable colors are
outside of the gamut of the printer they cannot be
Gray component replacement. A color separation
setting used on color photographs where cyan,
magenta and yellow inks are replaced by black ink (in
a balance that would yield a gray value). The
advantages are a reduction in overall ink usage and
some increase in image detail.
A term for a black and white photographic image or a
scanner setting. Refers to the range of 256 gray tones
that make up the image.
The processes of offset printing and laser printing are
intrinsically bilevel. However, these devices can
reproduce a range of tone levels by halftoning; e.g., an
array of widely spaced dots produces the perception
of light gray, and an array of tightly spaced dots
produces dark gray. Halftone dots are usually placed
in a regular grid. In color printing it is conventional to
use cyan, magenta, yellow and black grids that have
exactly the same dot pitch but different carefullychosen screen angles.
The lightest part of a picture--reproduced as white on
the screen or when printed.
A bar graph representing the statistical distribution of
Graytones or colors in an image. Each column
represents the number of pixels at that gray level or
A color space with the three variables of Hue,
Lightness, Saturation. See HSV.
A color space with the three variables of Hue,
Saturation, Value. Hue means color (as in the color
wheel.) Saturation is an indication relating to the
A: Glossary
richness or vibrancy of the color. Value is a term best
related to the intensity of light illuminating the object.
A named color. In discussions of color that relate to
photography, scanning, and printing, six hues are
especially important: red, yellow, green, cyan, blue,
and magenta. These hues make up every color we
can see, and are the designated hues on color
A measurement of color that can be related by
pointing towards a certain color on the color wheel.
Hue indicates the relative redness, blueness,
greenness, yellowness, etc., of a color.
The International Color Consortium (ICC) was formed
to address the need for a common color framework.
The ICC has developed a standard device profile that
contains information about how various devices render
color. This concept is supported by Apple (Colorsync),
Microsoft for Windows 95, Sun for Solaris, and by
Silicon Graphics for Irix.
Image Editor:
A program used to edit pictures to change colors,
increase detail, scale or otherwise alter the picture.
A command in many computer programs, that brings
a scanned picture which has been saved to a file, into
a document.
Indexed color:
Indexed color (or pseudo-color) is the provision of a
relatively small number, say 256, of discrete colors in
a colormap or palette. For each pixel in the image, the
index number of a color is then stored. When
retrieving the image, a lookup table uses the index to
retrieve red, green and blue components that are then
sent to the display. In graphic file formats such as
PCX of TIFF, an indexed color image is accompanied
by its colormap.
Using the interpolation method of resampling
generates values for points in between the actual
pixels by looking at the surrounding colors or
intensities. In a scanner resolution is increased
beyond the actual number of CCD cells. As each line
of pixel data arrives from the cameras, new
interpolated pixels are added between original pixels.
The added pixels enhance line edge definition.
A: Glossary
JPEG Compression:
Joint Photographic Experts Group Compression. A
method to save storage space by compressing files.
JPEG achieves a high degree of compression by
discarding non-important picture detail.
A compressed file format for images. Named after the
Joint Photographic Expert Group, JPEG images
feature small file size and speed, but lower quality
than other formats.
Landscape Photograph:
A photograph in which width is greater than height
when properly oriented. A photo in which the height is
greatest is called a portrait photograph.
Lossless Compression:
File compression and subsequent de-compression
without any loss of data.
Lossy Compression:
File compression that will compress data to a high
degree. When subsequently un-compressed, data will
have been lost.
Method of lossless compression used with many file
formats; developed by Lempel, Zev and Welch.
The most important part of a picture between black
(shadows) and white (highlights).
A reversed photographic image used to produce a
positive print or a scanned image.
A term used to describe the occurrence of pixels that
contain random colors within an image.
The paper, negative, slide, or film to be scanned.
The set of colors available for an image.
To insert a copy, to the clipboard, of whatever was last
cut or copied.
A file format for pictures used primarily on the
Pixels Per Inch (ppi):
A measurement of resolution for scanners, where the
individual element is a square picture element (pixel).
The word pixel is a combination of the two words
picture and element. It is the smallest building block
within a scanned line-art or photographic image. A
pixel is the small square picture element that is filled
A: Glossary
with a color, black or white. The value of a pixel
depends on the luminance of the area, and is either a
single bit for a black and white image, or multi-bit for a
color or gray-tone image. Pixels come in various sizes
and their size is expressed in terms of resolution.
Resolution is measured in pixels per inch (ppi) or the
equivalent dots per inch (DPI.)
Portrait Photograph:
A photograph in which height is greater than width
when it is properly oriented. A photo in which the width
is greatest is called a landscape photograph.
A computer language developed by Adobe (R)
Systems, Inc. for printing text, graphics, and scanned
images. PostScript (R) is a vector format that can
include scanned bitmapped images.
Raster File:
Also called Raster Image or Bitmapped Image. A
picture composed of individual dots (picture elements,
pixels) the way a scanner perceives it. The rows in a
high-resolution raster file typically contain 200 or 300
dots per horizontal inch of the original drawing, and
there are typically 200 or 300 rows per vertical inch.
As each of these dots is defined by location, and by
whether it is on or off, raster images generally result in
large data files.
Resolution of a Scanner:
Expressed as DPI (dots per inch) or the equivalent ppi
(pixels per inch). The higher the resolution of a
scanner, the smoother the scanned images.
A measure of how many pixels per inch are scanned.
Generally, more pixels per inch means more detail in
the picture and a larger file when saved. Defines the
level of detail that can be captured or shown by a
scanner, display, or output device. For scanners, the
resolution is defined by the number of dots (pixels) per
inch (DPI) that can be captured horizontally and
vertically, e.g. 300 DPI equals 90,000 pixels per
square inch. Screen Resolutions are normally 72
pixels per inch of screen. Additional detail is thrown
away by the screen display driver, anyway. For Printer
Resolution scans, you need 150 dots per inch and
above for good results on the printed output. One
must find the level of detail that is still visible in printed
output on the printer in question, and not dramatically
increase the size of a saved file without bettering the
A: Glossary
Red, Green, Blue. These additive primary colors are
the basic elements of white light. By mixing them on a
computer monitor or in a scanned image file, other
colors can be created. For instance, Red and Green
produces Yellow, and equal amounts of all three
produce gray.
Raster Image Processor. A RIP is a special software
that converts scanned images into a color dithered
(halftone) image that can be output directly. An image
must be 'ripped’ before it can be output on a CMYK
device, e.g., an inkjet printer.
To turn the picture left (clockwise) or right
(counterclockwise) from the orientation in which it was
Runlength Encoding:
A method of compressing raster or bitmap data by
representing "runs" of white or black dots along a
scanned line as the number of dots in each run. Many
variations of this scheme exist, with varying
compression efficiency. Typically, runlength
compression formats yield a file 20-25% the size of an
uncompressed file.
The level of colorfulness of the picture. A picture with
high saturation has vivid color. A black and white
picture has zero saturation. The purity of a color or the
degree to which it is diluted with white light. Red is a
highly saturated color. Pink is a diluted red (has lower
Saturation is one attribute of color in the color space
called HSV (Hue Saturation, Value). Saturation is a
characteristic indicating the vibrancy or intensity of a
hue. A color with high saturation will appear more
intense than the same color with less.
To reduce or
Scanner Calibration:
A program that helps adjust the scanner to achieve
stable colors and work with a printer. Calibration gives
better scanning results. The program should be run
whenever changing printing equipment, toner, and
inks, and whenever getting poor results when printing
Screen Calibration:
A program that helps adjust the computer screen to
get the best display of scanned pictures and
A: Glossary
documents. This program is run during installation and
should be used again any time that the computer
screen or the lighting around the computer is
Move through a list or window by dragging the scroll
bar button to the desired position, clicking the scroll
arrows, or using the up-arrow and down-arrow on the
keyboard. Clicking the scroll bar itself moves the
window or list faster than clicking the scroll arrows.
SCSI (Small Computer
System Interface):
An interface that allows hard disks and other highperformance peripherals to be attached to Macintosh
and PC computer systems.
SCSI Card:
The printed circuit card that came with the scanner.
With its driver software, the card allows the computer
to talk to the scanner. The card is ASPI compatible
with a SCSI-II output connector.
Small Computer System Interface. Specification of
interface to computer equipment like disks, printers,
scanners etc.
Select Source:
The command in some programs that allows choice of
where the Acquire command will get its picture.
Shadow Detail:
The amount of detail contained in the dark parts of an
image. It is desirable to maintain shadow detail, but
there is a risk of decreasing overall contrast if one
lightens the shadow too much in an attempt to expose
additional detail. If an image is scanned without
shadow detail, it will be impossible to regain detail
using an image editing program.
The darkest part of a picture; reproduced as black
onscreen or when printed.
An attribute of a scanned image and also an attribute
of scanner quality.
Hewlett-Packard and Microsoft proposed the addition
of support for a standard color space, sRGB, within
the Microsoft operating systems, HP products, the
Internet, and all other interested vendors. The aim of
this color space is to complement the current color
management strategies by enabling a third method of
handling color in the operating systems, device drivers
and the Internet that utilizes a simple and robust
device independent color definition. This is to provide
A: Glossary
good quality and backward compatibility with minimum
transmission and system overhead. Based on a
calibrated colorimetric RGB color space well suited to
Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) monitors, television,
scanners, digital cameras, and printing systems, such
a space can be supported with minimum cost to
software and hardware vendors.
In large format multiple CCD camera scanners,
electronic stitching adjusts for overlap in the field of
view of adjacent cameras. Automatic stitching at start
of scan ensures that each camera captures the
correct number of pixels independently of mechanical
and thermal changes.
Subtractive Colors:
The subtractive primary colors: cyan, magenta, yellow.
As ink applied to a piece of paper by a printer, these
colors absorb light and alter the colors seen by looking
at the printed paper. Cyan ink absorbs the red third of
the spectrum, magenta ink absorbs the green third,
and yellow ink absorbs the blue third. This should
theoretically cause the viewer to see a black color, but
due to unavoidable impurities in the inks, there is still
light reflected and the viewer sees a muddy brown.
The absence of CMY pigments results in white.
A very small, low resolution version of a picture that
shows just enough detail to tell which picture it
Tagged Image File Format. One of the most common
graphic file formats for line-art and photographic
Tonal Distribution:
Tonal Distribution describes the distribution of various
bright or dark tones within an image. During the
scanning or image editing stage, tones can be
redistributed, lightening a dark image or darkening a
light one.
Tone Compression:
A term used in scanning and image editing that refers
to compressing the broad range of tones and colors in
an image down to the narrower range available on a
Tone Curves:
The shape of the tone transfer curves can be adjusted
by the user to alter color or tone correction. The lower
left end of the curve typically represents the dark
portions of a picture and an upward bend will typically
lighten the shadows. Similar capabilities exist by
A: Glossary
working with the middle or highlight parts of the curve.
In this way it is possible to alter only certain tonal
ranges of an image without making un-wanted
changes to other parts of the image.
Any color or neutral that is denser than white.
True color:
True color systems provide eight bits for each of the
three components (red, green and blue). Therefore
true color is often referred to as 24-bit color.
A standard method of communications that programs
can use to send instructions to hardware (such as
scanners) and receive data back from them (such as
Under Color Removal. A color separation setting used
on color photographs where cyan, magenta and yellow
inks are removed from dark, neutral areas and
substituted by black ink. The advantages are a
reduction in overall ink usage. See also GCR.
Vector Drawing:
Also called Vector File. Consists of mathematically
defined elements, such as "Line from A to B", "Circle
with center and radius", etc. CAD systems use vector
drawings because of their accuracy, relatively low
memory requirement and data-file sizes compared to
raster images.
Vector File:
Also called Vector Drawing. Consists of
mathematically defined elements such as: Line from A
to B, Circle with center and radius etc. CAD systems
use vector drawings because of their accuracy and
relatively low memory and data file sizes compared to
raster images.
Also called raster-to-vector conversion (RTV). The
process of automatically converting a raster (bitmapped) image into a vector (CAD) drawing.
Video Card:
Expansion card installed inside the computer.
Different types of video cards support varying monitor
sizes and number of displayable colors.
White Level:
White Level is a setting in scan programs used if one
has an original with a background that is not
completely white. To get the background to appear as
pure white one can set the White Level to a lower
A: Glossary
White Point Adjustment:
An adjustment made that will determine the amount of
highlight detail in an image. The white point should be
set so that the lightest part of an image will only just
have zero detail
What You See Is What You Get. Pronounced
"wizzywig." Screen output that exactly (or very closely)
matches the appearance of printed output.
The CIE system is based on the description of color
as a brightness (luminance) component Y (as
described above), and two additional components X
and Z. The spectral weighting curves of X and Z have
been standardized by the CIE, based on statistics
from experiments involving human observers. XYZ tristimulus values can describe any color.
The ability to enlarge or shrink the view of the picture
in a window. Zoom does not alter the size of the final
scanned picture; it only provides a better view while
creating a selection border on the screen.
B: License
5. Appendix B: Program License Agreement
You should carefully read the following terms and conditions before opening the diskette
package. Opening the diskette package indicates your acceptance of the terms and
conditions. If you do not agree with them you should promptly return the package unopened,
and your money will be refunded.
Océ-USA, Inc. provides this program and licenses its use. You assume responsibility for the
selection of the program to achieve your intended results, and for the installation, use and
results obtained from the program.
You may use the program on a single machine.
You may modify the program and/or merge it into another program for your use on the
single machine.
You may copy the program into any machine readable or printed form for backup or
modification purposes in support of your use of the program on the single machine.
You may not use, copy, modify or transfer the program, or any copy, modification or
merged portion, in whole or in part, to another party, except as expressly provided for
in this license. If you do so you terminate your license.
The license is effective until terminated. You may terminate it at any time by de¬stroying the
program together with all copies. The license will also terminate upon conditions set forth
elsewhere in this Agreement or if you fail to comply with any term or condition of the
Agreement. You agree upon such termination to destroy the program together with all
copies, modifications and merged portions in any form.
Limited Warranty
This program is provided as is, without warranty of any kind, either stated or implied,
including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a
particular purpose. The entire risk as to the quality and performance of the program is with
you. Should the program or hardware provided with the program prove defec¬tive, you (and
not Océ-USA, Inc. or an authorized dealer) assume the entire cost of all necessary
servicing, repair or correction.
Some states do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties, so the above exclusion may
not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights; you may also have other
rights which vary from state to state. Océ-USA, Inc. does not warrant that the functions or
the operation of the program will be uninterrupted or error free.
However, Océ-USA, Inc. warrants the diskette on which the program is furnished to be free
from defects in materials and work¬manship under normal use for a period of one (1) year
from the date of delivery to you, as evidenced by a copy of your receipt.
Limitations of Remedies
Océ-USA, Inc.’s entire liability and your exclusive remedy shall be:
The replacement of any diskette not meeting the Océ-USA, Inc. "Limited Warranty" and
which is returned to Océ-USA, Inc. or an authorized Océ-USA, Inc. dealer with a copy of
your receipt, or
If Océ-USA, Inc. or the dealer is unable to deliver a replacement diskette which is free of
defects in materials or workmanship, you may terminate this Agreement by returning the
program and your money will be refunded.
In no event will Océ-USA, Inc. be liable to you for any damages including any lost profits,
lost savings, or other incidental or consequential damages arising out of the use or inability
to use such program, even if Océ-USA, Inc. or an authorized Océ-USA, Inc. dealer has
been advised of the possiblity of such damages, or for any claim by any other party. Some
states do not allow the limitation or exclusion of liability for incidental or concequen¬tial
damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.
You may not sublicense, assign or transfer the license of the program except as expressly
provided in this Agreement. Any attempt otherwise to sublicense, assign or transfer any of
the rights, duties or obligations hereunder is void.
This Agreement will be governed by the laws of Denmark. Should you have any questions
concerning this Agreement, you may contact Océ-USA, Inc..
You acknowledge that you have read this Agreement, understand it, and agree to be bound
by its terms and conditions. You further agree that it is the complete and exclusive
statement of the agreement, oral or written and any other communications between us
relating to the subject matter of this Agreement.
C: Index
6. Appendix C: Index
Account for unprintable area option
.......................................... 3-24
Accounting ............................ 3-40
Create Account ................. 3-41
Delete................................ 3-42
Disable .............................. 3-42
Log Files ........................... 3-43
Reset................................. 3-42
Select Account .................. 3-41
Align ...................................... 3-61
Application's main features ..... 2-4
Auto Length........................... 3-14
B&W Photo template .............. 3-3
back-ups during scanning ..... 3-65
Black & White Level................ 3-1
Blowing up ............................ 3-14
Blur.......................................... 3-8
Brochure template................... 3-3
Calibrate scanner.................. 3-71
calibrate the scanner............. 3-72
Calibration - scanner............. 3-52
calibration wizard .................. 3-50
CALS ........................................ 4-4
Camera Stitching .................. 3-69
Closed Loop Calibration........ 3-52
Collate Copy ......................... 2-17
Color Matching Scheme........ 3-50
Color Photo template .............. 3-3
Continuous tone...................... 3-4
copies - set how many ............ 1-7
Copy Area Frame.................. 3-61
copy option section ............... 2-16
Copy Quality ......................... 3-30
Copy sets ................................ 1-8
Copy System Configuration .... 2-3
Copy system setup ................. 2-8
Copy to File........................... 3-42
Copy Toolbar ........................ 2-17
Copy Verification................... 2-12
Correction Factor in scanning3-68
Default settings ..................... 2-13
Demo scanner....................... 2-11
Edge Paper Loading ............. 3-64
Extended Thickness ..............3-70
Glue Marks (Paneling) ...........3-33
Image Overview.....................3-59
Image Toolbar........................2-15
Input Size...............................3-13
Installation - printer ..................2-6
Installation - scanner ...............2-6
Installation - Windows..............2-6
Installing the software ..............2-6
Interface keyboards ...............2-18
Layout button .........................3-31
Layout Options
Lightness .................................3-5
List Tab ..................................3-46
Load (paper) button ...............3-64
Load edge..............................3-64
Load paper - center ...............3-64
Loading paper - edge ............3-64
Loading Preferences .............3-63
Map template ...........................3-3
Margins - output.....................3-21
Margins - printer's ..................3-22
Media .....................................3-50
Media Offsets - set.................3-69
Media Profile..........................3-51
Media Profile - select .............3-52
Media Profiles - Create ..........3-52
Media Profiles - standard.......3-50
Media type .............................3-50
Miniature copy .......................3-14
Mirror copy.............................3-67
Move Tool ..............................3-60
Name and Scan Sheet...........3-54
Nesting ..................................3-36
Nesting Optimized .................3-37
Nesting Space .......................3-37
Normal template ......................3-3
Number of copies.................... 1-7
Output Margins ..................... 3-21
Output Size ........................... 3-11
Overlap (Paneling) ................ 3-34
Panel Assembly .................... 3-35
Panel Cut Line ...................... 3-35
Panel Width .......................... 3-32
Paneling ................................ 3-32
Paper Frame ......................... 3-57
Paper Frame Move tool......... 3-60
Paper loading - center........... 3-64
Paper Loading - edge ........... 3-64
Paper Roll ............................. 3-30
Paper series ......................... 3-67
Presets - Scaling................... 3-20
Preview resolution................. 3-65
Previewing ............................ 3-56
Dialog................................ 3-28
Direct printing.................... 3-28
Printer profiles................... 3-28
Properties.......................... 3-29
queue (printer name) ........ 3-28
To file.. .............................. 3-28
WINDOWS printing........... 3-28
Print Color Sheet................... 3-53
Print from File........................ 3-44
Print List ................................ 3-47
Check All........................... 3-49
Delete................................ 3-48
Number of Copies ............. 3-51
Properties.......................... 3-49
Remove............................. 3-50
View File ........................... 3-51
Print List Setup...................... 3-46
Print Paper Border ................ 3-23
Printer Driver select .............. 3-28
Printer properties - Drivers .... 3-27
Printer Selection and Setup .. 3-24
Printer setup............................ 2-8
Printer's margins ................... 3-22
(of print)............................. 3-29
Quick select lists ................... 3-65
Red,Green,Blue setting........... 3-6
Reset .......................................1-8
Saturation ................................3-5
Scale button...........................3-19
Scaling Presets......................3-20
Scan options
Vertical Precision ...............3-68
Scanner - test your.. ..............2-11
Scanner Settings ...................3-68
Scanner setup .......................2-10
scanner speed .......................3-65
Sharpen ...................................3-7
Size Preset List......................3-17
Size Presets...........................3-15
Size Relationships .................3-12
Size settings ..........................3-12
Space (Nesting) .....................3-38
Standard presets .....................2-4
Stop button ..............................1-8
test copy ................................3-13
testing ....................................3-74
Tile Length .............................3-33
Tiling ......................................3-33
Total Account.........................3-39
trial copy ................................3-74
Type of Original - setting..........3-1
Type of Original templates.......3-1
Type of Original template create.................................3-10
Units of Measurement............3-63
Unprintable area ....................3-23
Unprintable Area - Set for
Printer ................................3-25
Use extended thickness paper
handling ............................3-70
user interface.........................2-15
Vertical Precision Setting.......3-67
viewing section ......................2-14
White Level..............................3-7
Width .......................................3-5
WINDOWS printer .................3-28
Zoom All tool..........................3-59
Zoom In button ......................3-59
Zoom normal ........................3-59
C: Index
Zoom out............................... 3-59
zoom tools .............................3-59