H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes

H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03
Release Notes
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03
Release Notes
Keywords: CMW340 R0311P03, Version Changes, Solved Problems, Outstanding Issues and
Avoidance Measures
Abstract: The Release Notes for Versatile Routing Platform (VRP) version CMW340 R0311P03
describes: changes introduced in this version, hardware features, software features and
their operation and the software upgrade guide.
Acronyms:
Acronym
Full spelling
CMW
Comware
MIB
Management Information Base
SIP
Session Initiation Protocol
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
1
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Table of Contents
Version Information ·················································································································5
Version Number ·······················································································································5
Version History··························································································································5
Hardware and Software Compatibility Matrix··············································································6
Restrictions and Cautions ········································································································9
Important Notes·······················································································································9
Usage Limitations of ADSL module ·····························································································9
Feature List·····························································································································9
Hardware Features···················································································································9
SIC Module list···················································································································9
MIM Module list ··············································································································· 10
FIC Module list ················································································································· 12
Software Features ·················································································································· 14
Version Updates ··················································································································· 18
Feature Updates ···················································································································· 18
Command Line Updates········································································································· 31
MIB Updates ·························································································································· 40
Configuration Changes ·········································································································· 45
Open Problems and Workarounds ·························································································· 45
List of Resolved Problems ······································································································· 46
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 ································································ 46
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P02 ································································ 46
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0309P05································································· 48
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0309P02································································· 49
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308······································································ 51
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0307······································································ 52
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P07································································· 52
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P06································································· 54
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P04································································· 55
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03································································· 56
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P01································································· 56
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306······································································ 58
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0305······································································ 58
Resolved Problems in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0304······································································ 60
Board Software Change Description······················································································· 61
AR28 BOOTROM····················································································································· 61
AR28 BOOTROM V9.51 ····································································································· 61
AR28 BOOTROM V9.40 ····································································································· 61
AR28 BOOTROM V9.26 ····································································································· 61
AR28 BOOTROM V9.25 ····································································································· 61
AR28 BOOTROM V9.23 ····································································································· 62
AR28 BOOTROM V9.22 ····································································································· 62
AR28 BOOTROM V9.21 ····································································································· 62
E1VI/T1VI ······························································································································· 62
E1VI/T1VI V4.6/7.6 ············································································································ 62
E1VI/T1VI V4.5/7.5 ············································································································ 62
E1VI/T1VI V4.3/7.3 ············································································································ 63
E1VI/T1VI V4.0/7.0 ············································································································ 63
2E1VI/2T1VI···························································································································· 64
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
2
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
2E1VI/2T1VI V1.6 ·············································································································· 64
2E1VI/2T1VI V1.5 ·············································································································· 64
2E1VI/2T1VI V1.4 ·············································································································· 64
2E1VI/2T1VI V1.3 ·············································································································· 65
2E1VI/2T1VI V1.2 ·············································································································· 65
ADSL 7074 ····························································································································· 66
ADSL 7074 V2.2················································································································ 66
Related Documentation········································································································ 67
Documentation Set ················································································································ 67
Software Upgrading·············································································································· 67
Software Upgrade for the AR28 ······························································································· 67
Boot Menu······················································································································ 67
Upgrading Software through XMODEM·············································································· 70
Backing up and restoring the extended segment of the Boot ROM image ···························· 72
Upgrading the application image through Ethernet···························································· 73
Software Upgrade for the AR46 of the RPU ··············································································· 75
Boot Menu······················································································································ 75
Main Boot ROM menu······································································································ 77
Upgrading Image Files Using Xmodem··············································································· 83
Upgrading the Application Image through an Ethernet Port ················································ 86
Software Upgrade for the AR46 of the ERPU/ERPU(H) ································································· 88
Boot Menu······················································································································ 88
Upgrading Software Using Xmodem ·················································································· 93
Backing Up/Restoring the Extended Segment of the Boot ROM Image ································· 95
Upgrading the Application Image Using TFTP······································································ 96
Maintaining Application Program and Configurations Through Command Lines··························· 98
Maintaining the Router with TFTP Server·············································································· 98
Maintaining the Router with FTP Server··············································································· 99
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
3
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
List of Tables
Table 1 Version history.................................................................................................................................5
Table 2 Hardware and software compatibility matrix ...........................................................................6
Table 3 SIC Module List ...............................................................................................................................9
Table 4 MIM Module List .......................................................................................................................... 10
Table 5 FIC Module List ............................................................................................................................ 12
Table 6 Software features ....................................................................................................................... 14
Table 7 Feature updates ......................................................................................................................... 18
Table 8 Command line updates ............................................................................................................ 31
Table 9 MIB updates................................................................................................................................. 40
Table 10 Documentation set .................................................................................................................. 67
Table 11 Default names and types of the boot files........................................................................... 68
Table 12 Default names and types of the boot files........................................................................... 80
Table 13 Description on the download parameters........................................................................... 97
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
4
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Version Information
Version Number
CMW software, Version 3.40, Release 0311P03
Note: You can see the version number with the command display version in any view.
Please see Note①.
Version History
Table 1 Version history
Version
Number
Based Version
Number
Release Date
Remark
R0311P03
R0311P02
2010-10-19
Only support
AR28-09/10/11/12/13/30/31/40/80 and
AR46 RPU series
R0311P02
F0309P07
2010-08-25
Only support
AR28-09/10/11/12/13/30/31/40/80 and
AR46 RPU series
F0309P07
F0309P02
2009-11-12
None
F0309P05
F0309P02
2009-07-17
None
F0309P02
F0308
2009-05-14
None
F0309
F0308
2009-01-27
None
F0308
F0307
2008-12-16
None
F0307
F0306P07
2008-11-13
None
F0306P07
F0306P06
2008-10-17
None
F0306P06
F0306P05
2008-08-27
None
F0306P05
F0306P04
2008-07-27
None
F0306P04
F0306P03
2008-05-22
None
F0306P03
F0306P01
2008-03-28
None
F0306P01
F0306
2008-03-17
None
F0306
F0305
2007-12-26
New Feature set release
F0305
F0304
2007-11-27
New Feature set release
F0304
F0303
2007-9-30
New Feature set release
F0303
F0302
2007-7-30
New Feature set release
F0302
F0301L01
2007-6-18
New Feature set release
F0301L01
F0301
2006-12-28
Restricted Feature Release
F0301
New Feature set
release
2006-11-25
Restricted Feature Release
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
5
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Version Number
Based Version
Number
Release Date
Remark
R0311P03
R0311P02
2010-10-19
Only support
AR28-09/10/11/12/13/30/31/40/80 and
AR46 RPU series
R0311P02
R0311
2010-08-25
Only support
AR28-09/10/11/12/13/30/31/40/80 and
AR46 RPU series
R0311
F0309P07
2010-06-26
Only support
AR28-09/10/11/12/13/30/31/40/80 and
AR46 RPU series
F0309P07
F0309P02
2009-11-12
None
F0309P02
F0308
2009-05-14
None
F0309
F0308
2009-01-27
None
F0308
F0307
2008-12-16
None
F0307
F0306P07
2008-11-13
None
F0306P07
F0306P06
2008-10-17
None
F0306P06
F0306P05
2008-08-27
None
F0306P05
F0306P04
2008-07-27
None
F0306P04
F0306P03
2008-05-22
None
F0306P03
F0306P01
2008-03-28
None
F0306P01
F0306
2008-03-17
None
F0306
F0305
2007-12-26
New Feature set release
F0305
F0304
2007-11-27
New Feature set release
F0304
F0303
2007-9-30
New Feature set release
F0303
F0302
2007-7-30
New Feature set release
F0302
F0301L01
2007-6-18
New Feature set release
F0301L01
F0301
2006-12-28
Restricted Feature Release
F0301
New Feature set
release
2006-11-25
Restricted Feature Release
Hardware and Software Compatibility Matrix
Table 2 Hardware and software compatibility matrix
Item
Specifications
Product
family
AR28 series/AR46 series
Hardware
platform
AR28 series: AR28-09/10/11/12/13/30/31/40/80
AR46 RPU series: AR4620/AR4640/AR4680
Minimum
memory
AR28: Min 128M
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
6
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Item
Specifications
requirements
AR46 : Min 256M
Minimum
Flash
requirements
Min 32M
AR28:Version 9.51 or later
AR46 (RPU): Updated automatically with Host software, after this verison is updated, the
BootRom version will be updated to 5.50(RPU).
Boot ROM
version
Notes: It is not recommended for the user to update BootRom except that the BootRom
version's compatibility-relation is not correct or some operation related BootRom's compatibility
(Please see Boot Menu) should be executed. The change for the BootRom to a lower version
than leave-factory version is not allowed.
Notes: The version number can be displayed by “display version” command line.
Host
software
Equipment
Model
File Name
File Size
MD5 CheckSum
AR28
series
AR28-CMW340-R0311P02.BIN
12,371,582
bytes
31094b4e14ce4815f32ac5e0f0ee07fb
AR46 RPU
series
AR46-CMW340-R0311P02.BIN
13,350,660
bytes
327c83f2d7a2192a78b66310bfbf2f30
iMC PLAT 3.20-R2606 + P13+L15
iMC Version
iMC UAM 3.60- E6301+P04
iMC EAD 3.60-E6301+P04
iMC MVM 3.50-E5401
iNode
Version
Remark
iNode PC 3.60-E6307
TTYD 4.27
HTTP.ZIP 1.00
Board
Board
Board
Software
Board Model
RTB14SA
RT-4SA
1.1
1.00
4SA Interface Card
RTB18AS
RT-8AS
1.4
1.00
8AS Interface Card
RTB22SA
RT-2SA
1.5
1.00
2SA Interface Card
RT-E1VI
3.8/6.8 or
higher
version
RTB2MP1E
RTB2MP1T
Version
RT-FIC-E1VI
(the latest
version:
4.6/7.6)
RT-T1VI
3.8/6.8 or
higher
version
RT-FIC-T1VI
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
(the latest
version:
Logic
Remark
Version
E1VI
1.00
Version 4.x or lower should be
updated only by version 4.x.
Version 6.x/7.x should be
updated only by version 7.x.
T1VI
1.00
Version 4.x or lower should be
updated only by version 4.x.
Version 6.x/7.x should be
updated only by version 7.x.
7
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
4.6/7.6)
RT-2E1VI
RT-1E1VI-V2
RT-1T1VI-V2
RTJ2E1VI02
RT-2T1VI
1.1 or higher
version
RT-FIC-1E1VI-V2
(the latest
version: 1.6)
1.00
2E1VI&2T1VI
1.9(the latest
version: 2.2)
1.00
ADSL 7074
RT-FIC-1ADSL-I-V2
1.9(the latest
version: 2.2)
1.00
ADSL 7074
RTH1ADP02
RT-SIC-1ADSL
1.6
1.00
ADSL 2+
RTH1ADI02
RT-SIC-1ADSL-I
1.6
1.00
ADSL 2+
RT-FIC-2E1VI
RT-FIC-1T1VI-V2
RT-FIC-2T1VI
RT-1ADSL-V2
RTJ21ADP
RT-FIC-1ADSL-V2
RT-1ADSL-I-V2
RTJ21ADI
CAUTION:
Important Change: From CMW340 E0201P10, user-name is changed to be
case-sensitive, which was case-insensitive. Before upgrading software, please check
whether the configuration is consistent with the relative equipment.
Sample:To display the host software and Boot ROM version of the AR, perform the
following:
<H3C> display version
H3C Comware Platform Software
Comware software, Version 3.40, Release 0311P03
------- Note①
Copyright (c) 2004-2010 Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Without the owner's prior written consent, no decompiling
nor reverse-engineering shall be allowed.
H3C AR28-80 uptime is 0 week, 0 day, 0 hour, 3 minutes
Last reboot 2009/11/17 07:14:17
System returned to ROM By <Reboot> Command.
CPU type: PowerPC 8245 300MHz
128M bytes SDRAM Memory
32M bytes Flash Memory
128K bytes NvRAM Memory
PCB
Version:1.0
Logic
Version:1.0
BootROM
Version:9.51
--------
[SLOT 0] 2GEF
(Hardware)2.0, (Driver)1.0, (CPLD)1.0
[SLOT 1] POS
(Hardware)3.0, (Driver)1.0, (CPLD)2.0
[SLOT 7] 2FE
(Hardware)3.1, (Driver)2.0, (CPLD)0.0
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
Note②
8
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Restrictions and Cautions
Important Notes
Before updating version, please execute the command “startup saved-configuration” to
specify the name of configuration file.
Usage Limitations of ADSL module
Because of the limit of the hardware structure, the maximum packet can be received or
transmitted by ADSL-V2 and ADSL2+ module is 1500bytes.
Feature List
Hardware Features
SIC Module list
Table 3 SIC Module List
SIC type
AR 28-09
AR 28-10
AR
28-11/12/13/14
SIC-1ETH-H3
√
√
X
SIC-1FEA-H3
√
√
X
SIC-1SA-H3
√
√
√
SIC-1SAE-H3
√
√
√
SIC-3AS-H3
√
√
√
SIC-1BS-H3
√
√
√
SIC-2BS-H3
√
√
√
SIC-1BU-H3
√
√
√
SIC-2BU-H3
√
√
√
SIC-EPRI-H3
√
√
√
SIC-E1-F-H3
√
√
√
SIC-TPRI-H3
√
√
√
SIC-T1-F-H3
√
√
√
SIC-1AM-H3
√
√
√
SIC-2AM-H3
√
√
√
SIC-1FXS-H3
√
√
√
SIC-2FXS-H3
√
√
√
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
9
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
SIC-1FXO-H3
√
√
√
SIC-2FXO-H3
√
√
√
MIM Module list
Table 4 MIM Module List
MIM type
AR28-09
AR28-10/11/12/13/14
AR28-30/31/40/80
1FE-H3
√
√
√
2FE-H3
X
√
√
1MFX-H3
√
√
√
1SFX-H3
√
√
√
1GBE-H3
√
√
√
2GBE-H3
√
√
√
1GEF-H3
√
√
√
2GEF-H3
√
√
√
8LS-H3
√
√
√
2SA-H3
√
√
√
4SA-H3
X
X
√
2SAE-H3
√
√
√
4SAE-H3
√
√
√
8SAE-H3
√
√
√
8LSA-H3
X
X
X
8AS-H3
√
√
√
16AS-H3
√
√
√
8ASE-H3
√
√
√
16ASE-H3
√
√
√
2FCM-H3
√
√
√
4FCM-H3
√
√
√
6FCM-H3
√
√
√
1E1-H3
√
√
√
2E1-H3
√
√
√
4E1-H3
√
√
√
8E1-H3
√
√
√
1E1-F-H3
√
√
√
2E1-F-H3
√
√
√
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
10
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
4E1-F-H3
√
√
√
8E1-F-H3
√
√
√
1T1-H3
√
√
√
2T1-H3
√
√
√
4T1-H3
√
√
√
8T1-H3
√
√
√
1T1-F-H3
√
√
√
2T1-F-H3
√
√
√
4T1-F-H3
√
√
√
8T1-F-H3
√
√
√
1CE3-H3
√
√
√
1CT3-H3
√
√
√
4BS-H3
X
X
√
4BSE-H3
√
√
√
1ADSL-H3
√
√
√
2ADSL-H3
√
√
√
1ADSL-I-H3
√
√
√
2ADSL-I-H3
√
√
√
1G.SHDSL-H3
√
√
√
2G.SHDSL-H3
√
√
√
4G.SHDSL-H3
√
√
√
1SHL-4W-H3
√
√
√
IMA-4T1-H3
√
√
√
IMA-8T1-H3
√
√
√
IMA-4E1-H3
√
√
√
IMA-8E1-H3
√
√
√
1ATM-25M-H3
√
√
√
1ATM-OC3MM-H3
X
X
√
1ATM-OC3SM-H3
X
X
√
1ATM-OC3SML-H3
X
X
√
1A-H3E3
√
√
√
1AT3-H3
√
√
√
1POS-H3
X
X
√
1CPOS-H3
X
X
√
2FXS-H3
√
√
√
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
2FXO-H3
√
√
√
2E&M-H3
√
√
√
4FXS-H3
√
√
√
4FXO-H3
√
√
√
4E&M-H3
√
√
√
E1VI-H3
√
√
√
1E1VI-H3
√
√
√
T1VI-H3
√
√
√
2BSV-H3
√
√
√
HNDE-H3
√
√
√
FIC Module list
Table 5 FIC Module List
FIC type
AR46 RPU
AR 46 ERPU
FIC-1FE-H3
√
√
FIC-2FE-H3
√
√
FIC-1MFX-H3
√
√
FIC-1SFX-H3
√
√
FIC-1GBE-H3
√
√
FIC-2GBE-H3
√
√
FIC-1GEF-H3
√
√
FIC-2GEF-H3
√
√
FIC-8LS-H3
√
√
FIC-16LS-H3
√
√
FIC-2SAE-H3
√
√
FIC-4SAE-H3
√
√
FIC-8SAE-H3
√
√
FIC-4BS-H3
√
√
FIC-4BSE-H3
√
√
FIC-8ASE-H3
√
√
FIC-16ASE-H3
√
√
FIC-6AM-H3
√
√
FIC-12AM-H3
√
√
FIC-6FCM-H3
√
√
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
FIC-1T1-H3
√
√
FIC-2T1-H3
√
√
FIC-4T1-H3
√
√
FIC-8T1-H3
√
√
FIC-1T1-F-H3
√
√
FIC-2T1-F-H3
√
√
FIC-4T1-F-H3
√
√
FIC-8T1-F-H3
√
√
FIC-1E1-H3
√
√
FIC-2E1-H3
√
√
FIC-4E1-H3
√
√
FIC-8E1-H3
√
√
FIC-1E1-F-H3
√
√
FIC-2E1-F-H3
√
√
FIC-4E1-F-H3
√
√
FIC-8E1-F-H3
√
√
FIC-1CT3-H3
√
√
FIC-1CE3-H3
√
√
FIC-1ATM-25M-H3
√
√
FIC-1ATM-OC3MM-H3
√
√
FIC-1ATM-OC3SM-H3
√
√
FIC-1ATM-OC3SML-H3
√
√
FIC-1AE3-H3
√
√
FIC-1AT3-H3
√
√
FIC-1ADSL-H3
√
√
FIC-2ADSL-H3
√
√
FIC-1ADSL-I-H3
√
√
FIC-2ADSL-I-H3
√
√
FIC-1G.SHDSL-H3
√
√
FIC-2G.SHDSL-H3
√
√
FIC-4G.SHDSL-H3
√
√
FIC-1SHL-4W-H3
√
√
FIC-IMA-8E1-H3
√
√
FIC-IMA-4E1-H3
√
√
FIC-IMA-8T1-H3
√
√
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
13
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
FIC-IMA-4T1-H3
√
√
FIC-1CPOS-H3
√
√
FIC-1POS-H3
√
√
FIC-2FXS-H3
√
√
FIC-2FXO-H3
√
√
FIC-2E&M-H3
√
√
FIC-4FXS-H3
√
√
FIC-4FXO-H3
√
√
FIC-4E&M-H3
√
√
FIC-E1VI-H3
√
√
FIC-1E1VI-H3
√
√
FIC-T1VI-H3
√
√
FIC-HNDE-H3
√
√
ENDE-H3 (encryption
daughter card)
X
√
Software Features
Table 6 Software features
Category
Features
ARP (proxy ARP, gratuitous ARP, authorized ARP)
LAN
protocols
Ethernet_II
Ethernet_SNAP
VLAN
Transparent bridge (STP)
SLIP
PPP, MP
PPPoE client, PPPoE server
PPP/MP over FR
Network
interconne
ctivity
FR, MFR
FR fragment, FR compression, FR over IP
WAN
protocols
FRoI
FRTS
ATM (IPoA, IPoEoA, PPPoA, PPPoEoA)
DCC, dynamic routing standby
HDLC
LAPB
X.25, X.25 over TCP, X.25 to TCP
X.25 PAD, X.25 hunt group, X.25 CUG
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
DLSw (v1.0/2.0)
ISDN, ISDN network side
ISDN Q.SIG
Modem
Fast forwarding (unicast/multicast)
TCP
UDP
Network
protocols
IP services
IP option
IP unnumbered
Policy routing (unicast/multicast)
Netstream
RCR
SNA/DLSw (LLC2/SDLC/QLLC)
Non-IP
services
DLSw (v2.0)
SOT
OSI
Ping, traceroute
DHCP server
DHCP relay
DHCP/BOOTP client, DHCP accounting
DNS client
DNS static
DNS proxy
IP
applications
DDNS
HWPing
IP accounting
UDP helper
NTP
Telnet
TFTP client
FTP client
FTP server
IP routing
Static routing management
Dynamic routing protocols
RIP-1/RIP-2
OSPF
BGP
IS-IS
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
Multicast routing protocols
IGMP
PIM-DM
PIM-SM
15
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
MSDP
Routing policy
LDP
LSPM
MPLS
MPLS L3VPN (MPLS)
MPLS L2VPN
VPN instance
Local authentication
AAA
RADIUS
HWTACACS
Firewall
ASPF
ACL
IKE
Data security
IPSec
Encryption card
Portal
Network
security
L2TP
NAT/NAPT
PKI/CA
Other
security
technologies
RSA
SSHv1.5/2.0
URPF
DVPN
GRE
EAD
VRRP
Reliability
Backup center
Dual PSUs, OIR of PSUs and fan modules, and hot swappable interface cards
(available on the AR46 series only)
Traffic policing
QoS
CAR
LR
Congestion
management
FIFO, PQ, CQ, WFQ, CBQ, RTPQ
Congestion
avoidance
WRED
Traffic shaping
GTS
FR QoS
MPLS QoS
Other QoS
technologies
MP QoS/LFI
PPP/MPoFR QoS
cRTP/IPHC
ATM QoS
Subinterface QoS
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
16
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Reverse Telnet
Terminal
services
RSH
Rlogin client
POS access
FXS
FXO
Interface
Analog E&M
E1VI/T1VI
BSV
R2
Signaling
DSSI
Q.SIG
Digital E&M
Voice
H.323
H.225
H.245
GK client
GK client
SIP
SIP
RTP/cRTP
Media process
IPHC
Voice backup
Fax
Others
Fax
Voice RADIUS
VoFR
SNMPv1/v2c/V3
Network
management
MIB
SYSLOG
BIMS
RMON II
Command line management
Local
management
Maintainabi
lity
File system management
Auto config
Dual image
Console port login
AUX port login
TTY port login
User access
management
Telnet (VTY) login
SSH login
FTP login
X.25 PAD login
XModem
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
17
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Version Updates
Feature Updates
Table 7 Feature updates
Version
Number
AR28_AR46CMW340-R0
311
Item
Description
Changed
Hardware
Features
Changed
Software
Features
Changed
Hardware
Features
New features:
1. The max portal authentication network segment number can be
configured to 16
2. The max LDP LSP number can be 8192
None.
New features:
1. Portal escape feature
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
09
Changed
Software
Features
This feature can detect the heartbeat packet of portal server and
the user periodically, and synchronize the status of server and user,
resolve the issue that the users can’t connect the network when the
portal server is broken-down.
2.Applying auto detect to make the dynamic route update quickly
This feature can make the dynamic route update quickly using auto
detect function. When the status of the link changes, the router can
update the route information and delete the invalid routes quickly.
Changed features: None.
Delete features: None.
New module:
RT-SIC-2E1-F-H3
Changed
Hardware
Features
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
07
2-Port Fractional E1 Interface SIC Module
RT-SIC-1E1-F-V3-H3 1-Port Fractional E1 Interface SIC Module
Notes: SIC-1E1-F-V3 and SIC-2E1-F can only support 75 ohm interface,
don't support 120 ohm interface. If the customer needs 120 ohm
interfaces, please use the conversion (BNC-RJ45) of 75 ohm to 120
ohm.
New features:
Changed
Software
Features
1.Turn off the prompt tone of remain charge at the card number
procedure
At the card number procedure the prompt tone of remain charge
will be sent, using the new command the prompt tone can be
turned off.
Changed features: None.
Delete features: None.
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
06P07
Changed
Hardware
Features
Hangzhou H3C Technologies
Co., Ltd.
New module:
RT-FIC-1FE-V2-H3
1-Port 10M/100M Ethernet Electrical Interface FIC
18
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Module(RJ45)
RT-FIC-2FE-V2-H3
Module(RJ45)
2-Port 10M/100M Ethernet Electrical Interface FIC
RT-MIM-1FE-V2-H3 1-Port 10M/100M Ethernet Electrical Interface
MIM Module(RJ45)
RT-MIM-2FE-V2-H3 2-Port 10M/100M Ethernet Electrical Interface
MIM Module(RJ45)
RT-FIC-1ATM-OC3-H3
Module (SFP)
1-Port OC-3 ATM Optical Interface FIC
RT-MIM-1ATM-OC3-H3
Module (SFP)
1-Port OC-3 ATM Optical Interface MIM
RT-FIC-1CE3-V3-H3 1-Port E3/CE3/FE3 Intertface FIC Module
RT-MIM-1CT3-V2-H3 1-Port T3/CT3/FT3 Intertface MIM Module
RT-FIC-1CT3-V3-H3 1-Port T3/CT3/FT3 Intertface FIC Module
RT-MIM-1CE3-V2-H3 1-Port E3/CE3/FE3 Intertface MIM Module
Changed
Software
Features
None
Changed
Hardware
Features
None
1. Enhanced HWPing Functions
This version enhances the routers’ HWPing functions, including:
Support tracert for HWPing.
Support passive FTP
Support HWPing packet interval for ICMP.
The frequency is time for one test from the beginning to the end.
HWPing Supports the Unidirectional Performance Jitter Test with 40
bytes voice packet
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
06
HWPing Jitter voice test‘s aim is to test the jitter of the voice packet
between the HWPing client and the server. Before the shortest
packet can be support at the unidirectional performance jitter test is
68 bytes, now the shortest packet is 40 byte voice packet.
Changed
Software
Features
2. EoTDM ( Ethernet over Time Division Multiplexing )
EoTDM may change one link protocol to another protocol. This
feature realizes Ethernet to PPP(EoPPP) and Ethernet to Frame (EoFR)
EtoPPP&EtoFR may accomplish layer 2 switching for Ethernet to PPP
link protocol and Ethernet to FR link protocol. This feature has the
following advantage:
It Improves device throughput.
It saves IP address because the interface does not need configure IP
address.
It may simplify topology and management because EtoPPP&EtoFR
works at layer 2 and does not apperceive route information.
3. Enhanced Portal Feature
In old version, Portal may only support Ethernet and GE interface. This
new feature is enhanced feature , including the following features:
Portal support more interface, such as ASE、SAE and CE3 interface.
Portal support to configure 1024 free-users.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
19
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
4. XoT filter RR packet for X.25
When there is a X.25 RR packet, it will occupy bandwidth for users
and produce expenses. To void this problem, XoT may filter RR
packet for X.25. When configured timer for filtering RR packet, XoT
does not forward RR packet. XoT will forward one RR packet after
timing out.
Changed
Hardware
Features
None
1. Route
1) OSPF neighbor doesn’t break down when configuring cost
parameter at interface
This feature modifies the old design, configuring the OSPF cost
parameter doesn’t change the status of OSPF neighbor. When
modifying the interface’s cost ,the router will send the new LSA
depicting the interface’s new cost, then renew the route
calculating, update the route. This feature increases the stability and
maintainability of the network.
2.DHCP
1) Increase the byte number of ASCII code at the DHCP user-defined
option
The max-length of the DHCP user-defined ASCII format option can
be 127 byte.
3.HWPING
1) HWPing Supports the Unidirectional Performance Jitter Test with 40
bytes voice packet
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
05
Changed
Software
Features
HWPING Jitter voice test‘s aim is to test the jitter of the voice packet
between the HWPING client and the server. Before the shortest
packet can be support at the unidirectional performance jitter test is
68 bytes, now the shortest packet is 40 byte voice packet.
2) Support HWPing Threshold Statistics Requirement on AR28 router
Based on the existing threshold alarm function, HWPing supports a
new function of counting the number of monitored objects
(including jitterrtt, jitterowd-sd, and jitterowd-ds) in a jitter test whose
thresholds are exceeded, and this information can be displayed
through a command.
4.QoS
1) Nested QoS MIB
Support to configurate the Nested QoS by Mib, including
configurating the nested policy and LR at the CBQ behavior view.
Support to view the statistic information of LR and nested QoS policy
at the CBQ behavior view.
In order to identify the nested QoS class with the common QoS class
at the mib object of hwCBQoSApplyPolicyStaticsObjects, the table’s
index is put different meaning at different instance. If the index’s
highest bit is 0, it is meaning the class is a common QoS class or a
parent class, the maximal sequence number of parent class is 255. If
the index’s highest bit is 1, it is meaning the class is a nested class, the
index’s first low byte denotes the sequence number of the parent
class, the index’s third low byte denotes the sequence number of the
nested class. For example, the hex 0x80030002 means the third nest
class of the second parent class.
This feature is usable at all interfaces it supporting the CBQ feature.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
20
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Changed
Hardware
Features
None
Forwarding
Equal-Cost Recursive Static Routes
You can configure multiple static routes with the same address prefix
and the same priority, with each static route recursed to other static
routes, thus implementing load balancing and link backup.
Currently, only public-network, rather than private-network
equal-cost recursive static routes are supported.
Note that the number of public-network equal-cost static routes is
different after equal-cost recursive static routes are configured. For
example, currently four public-network equal-cost static routes exist.
Before equal-cost recursive static routes are configured, one static
route is displayed with the display ip routing-table statistics
command; while four static routes are displayed after equal-cost
recursive static routes are configured.
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
04
Voice
Changed
Software
Features
G.729B Support in SIP Network
Support for SIP G.729B codec in SIP network is added.
Auto Cut-Through for T1VI Interface
E&M Auto Cut-Through is a special application mode developed for
T1VI interface based on digital E&M signaling. In this working mode,
T1VI interface does not exchange any digital E&M signaling with PBX.
After this mode is enabled, the voice gateway establishes VoIP call
automatically so that PBX can establish permanent online VoIP
dedicated call through the voice gateway.
Customizing Dual-Dial Flow Prompt Tone
The original dual-dial flow prompt tone is played in Chinese and then
English. The new one supports Chinese, English, and Chinese and
then English. In practice, you can customize the language as
required.
Terminal Access
VPN Multi-Instance Support
Through this function, you can isolate services by binding them with
different MPLS VPN groups, thus enhancing security of the
application services.
Changed
Hardware
Features
None
HWPing
HWPing Threshold Statistics Requirement
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
03
Changed
Software
Features
Based on the existing threshold alarm function, HWPing supports a
new function of counting the number of monitored objects
(including jitterrtt, jitterowd-sd, and jitterowd-ds) in a jitter test whose
thresholds are exceeded, and this information can be displayed
through a command.
Jitter Test through ICMP
The original HWPing uses UDP packets for jitter tests to analyze the
network performance. Now HWPing supports the use of
timestamped ICMP packets for jitter tests to obtain network
performance metrics.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
21
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Security
Filtering of Command Logs to Be Sent to TACACS Server
Administrators can configure not to send command logs that
contain certain keywords or match specific rules to the TACACS
server.
Switchover between HWTACACS Servers
Administrators can configure three HWTACACS servers as the
Authentication/Authorization/Accounting (AAA) server, including a
primary server and two backup servers. The user can send AAA
requests to the device (HWTACACS client), and the device then
selects a server from the above three servers to send AAA packets.
Voice
SIP Response to Options Requests of Softswitch
Upon receiving an Options request from the Softswich, the SIP
protocol stack sends a response, so that the Softswtich can obtain
the following information without waiting for the “ringing” of the
opposite side: methods supported, content type, extension name
and encoding/decoding method. In addition, the Softswitch can
use Options for heartbeat detection with SIP.
Interfaces
FR VJ-Compression Interoperation with Cisco Devices
STAC-LZ Compression on HDLC Links
STAC-LZ compression is supported on HDLC links to enhance the
transmission efficiency.
More Baud Rates of Asynchronous/Synchronous Serial Ports
This feature is available for SAE, ASE, 2809 fixed port, and
asynchronous/synchronous serial ports on the SIC card of 2809/281x.
QoS in GRE Tunnel Fast Forwarding
The GRE Tunnel fast forwarding process supports QoS as in the normal
forwarding process.
Fast Detection of ISDN Physical Link Availability
Typically, the user needs to perform complicated dial-up
configurations to detect whether an ISDN physical link is available.
With this feature, the user can detect whether an ISDN physical link is
available by using a test command (by specifying an ISDN interface
and a called number).
Note that the feature only detects the link setup of ISDN data calls
(That is, the feature only detects ISDN link setup, without caring about
the availability of a specific link protocol on the ISDN channel), but it
does not detect ISDN voice calls.
Changed
Hardware
Features
None
EAD
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
02
Enhanced Portal+ Feature
Changed
Software
Features
These functions are extension to the Portal+ feature of the original
router.
Support the triggering of forced authentication process by UDP/TCP
packets
Support dynamic ACL delivery based on user links
Support transparent transmission in the case of multiple
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Relay-Message attributes
PPP Module Supports L2TP VPN-Based EAD Authentication
Through the PPP authentication mode of username + password, this
feature implements access control of the PPP users that use L2TP
VPN. During remote VPN login authentication for a user, the EAD
security authentication starts simultaneously. The real
implementation uses the L2TP technique. Upon tunnel creation and
remote security authentication for iNode clients, the LNS VPN
gateway uses the ACL to control the access rights of authenticated
users.
Portal Supports VPN Multi-Instances
Portal authentication via Portal Server on the private network is
supported.
HWPing
HWPing Supports Unidirectional Performance Test
This version can test the unidirectional delay in the performance
asymmetrical network. This feature needs the enabling of NTP.
This feature does not involve new configuration commands. You can
refer to the HWPing jitter test configuration and NTP configuration. It
does not matter whether NTP or HWPING is configured. However, the
unidirectional delay test result makes sense only when NTP
synchronization has finished before the test.
QoS
ATM Cell Transparent Transmission Supports QoS
ATM cell transparent transmission refers to the function of using MPLS
to carry ATM cells via the IP network. Through the configuration of the
QoS tag and the MPLS EXP domain on the inbound interface of the
ATM transparent transmission interface, QoS support can be
provided for ATM cell transparent transmission by using the MPLS QoS
feature.
The flow classification mode in the current policy only supports
if-match any.
CBWFQ Supports the Configuration of Remaining Bandwidth
Percentage
In the original implementation, bandwidth configuration of LLQ and
BQ involves the percentage configuration mode and the absolute
value configuration mode. The two modes cannot be used for hybrid
configuration.
This feature allows the EF queue on the same interface to support the
hybrid configuration mode of percentage bandwidth and absolute
value bandwidth. Moreover, it offers the remaining bandwidth
percentage configuration mode for AF queues. In this way, users’
networking requirements are satisfied in a better way, meeting the
demand for handling different types of EF services on the same
interface. Moreover, through the configuration of remaining
bandwidth percentage for AF queues, the bandwidth requirements
for AF queues are met.
This feature removes the restriction from the original CBWFQ feature:
if the percentage configuration mode is adopted for LR in the main
policy, that configuration mode must be used for queues in the
sub-policies.
Using QoS CAR to Implement Address-by-Address Rate Limitation
Based on Network Segments
QoS CAR is a solution to traffic policing. To limit the rate of a host at a
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
certain IP address, you need to configure the IP address-based CAR
policy. However, one such policy can limit the rate of one host only.
To address this issue, this feature can use simple commands to
configure a network segment-based CAR ACL, and to apply that
ACL in the CAR policy, thus restricting the rate of the entire network
segment. Meanwhile, when configuring the network segment-based
CAR ACL, you can use parameters to restrict the rate of each host or
the rate of the entire network segment.
Transparent Bridge Supports DSCP Queues
When acting as a transparent bridge for networking, a PVC interface
can classify packets for differentiated handling based on the DSCP
value of the IP packets, thus implementing DSCP-based QoS on ATM
PVC.
Currently, only IPoEoA is supported and other types like PPPoEoA are
not supported.
X.25
X2T Supports Carrying the Called Number
The feature implements the routers’ function that X2T carries the
called X.121 address. After this function is enabled, the packets sent
by X.25 terminals can be relayed multiple times by means of X2T.
XOT Supports DNS–Based X.121 Address Resolution
The DNS–based X.121 address resolution function is used to support
XOT of the SVC application. This function takes the idea of DNS,
putting the mapping relations between X.121 addresses and IP
addresses in a network on the same DNS server for unified
maintenance. The mapping relations between X.121 addresses and
IP addresses are similar to those between domain names and IP
addresses. When sending packets, XOT sends resolution requests to
the DNS Server based on the current X.25 route configuration. Upon
receiving the requests, the DNS Server responds with the resolution
replies. According to the replies, the destination IP addresses of the
X.25 packets can be determined. Centralized maintenance of the
mapping between X.121 addresses and IP addresses reduces the
complexity, improves the maintenance efficiency, better adapts to
the changes of mapping relations, and simplifies the XOT switching
configuration.
Security
Specifying the Source Address of PKI Communication
The system administrator now can specify the source address used
during PKI communication, satisfying the application requirements in
some networking environments.
Switching over to Local Authentication in the Case of Incorrect
TACACS Configuration
Local authentication is used in the case of incorrect TACACS
configuration:
You can switch over to local authentication only when
authentication fails.
You can switch over to local authentication when the IP address of
the server is incorrectly configured (servers unreachable).
You can switch over to local authentication in the case of incorrect
key configuration. The only option is to calculate the length of
packets returned by servers and compare it with the length of
packets calculated through local key. If the lengths are not the
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
same, you can tell that it is a key error.
You can switch over to local authentication in the case of incorrect
NAS-IP configuration, including errors that occurred before the
socket was connected.
RADIUS and HWTACACS Supports VRF Application
This feature extends the applications of RADIUS and HWTACACS in
MPLS/VPN networking environments, including:
You can use commands to configure the VPN to which the RADIUS
and HWTACACS schemes belong.
The VPN name configured in the RADIUS and HWTACACS schemes
can be displayed.
The RADIUS and HWTACACS modules can receive and handle
packets from private networks correctly.
The RADIUS and HWTACACS modules can send packets to a
specified server in a private network correctly.
You can configure the nas-ip in RADIUS and HWTACACS schemes as
a private network IP address.
You can configure a global private network nas-ip.
You can display the global private and public network nas-ip
information.
IPsec Supports Interface Backup
If a router has two outbound interfaces for ISP and they are
configured as link backup or load sharing, the interface backup
feature supported by IPsec can keep the communication
uninterrupted during communication interface switchover, ensuring
the smooth switchover between different interfaces.
Supporting the Conversion from Dynamic ARP Entries to Fixed ARP
Entries
This feature allows you to convert dynamic ARP entries into fixed ARP
ones. Thus, IP addresses and MAC addresses are bound and ARP
attacks can be avoided.
Before learning a dynamic ARP entry, the device first searches the
static ARP table and the fixed ARP table. If the matched entry is
found, no learning will be made.
The functions below are implemented:
Search for fixed ARP entries.
Convert dynamic ARP entries into fixed ones.
Add fixed ARP entries to the fixed ARP table.
Delete fixed ARP entries from the fixed ARP table.
Display the fixed ARP table.
Clear the fixed ARP table.
Dialing
Configuring the Switchover Delay of Dialer Watch from the Active
Link to the Standby Link
Routers’ dialer watch supports the switchover delay from the active
link to the standby link. A timer starts after the active link is down. If
the active link is up before that timer is timed out, the standby link will
not be used. Otherwise, the standby link will be used. By adjusting the
switchover delay, frequent dialing on the standby link due to the
instable active link can be avoided, thus reducing the dialing costs
on the standby link.
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Interface
Global Configuration of the QoS Module Supports Hot Swapping
This feature enables the global configuration of the QoS module to
support hot swapping:
After an interface board is pulled out, the match rules turn invalid.
You can view the validity of rules by displaying the rule information.
After an interface board is inserted, the rules referencing that
interface turn valid.
After an interface board is deleted, the rules referencing that
interface are deleted too.
Routing
HoPE Supports the Sending of Detailed Routes
In the SPE/UPE networking environment, SPE not only can send
default routes to UPE, but can send detailed routes. Meanwhile, you
can control which detailed routes are sent to which UPE by
extending the community attributes, thus isolating the mutual access
of some Sites via UPE in the same VPN.
Policy-Based Routing Supports Auto-Detect
By configuring the association between policy-based routing (PBR)
and the auto-detect function, collaboration between the two can
be implemented. That is, when the auto-detect function finds a route
currently used by PBR fails, PBR will be notified of this. Then, PBR can
conduct link switchover by either selecting another route
automatically or using the route determined by the dynamic routing
protocol.
RIP Supports Modifying the COST Value of Particular Routes
This feature allows routing policies to filter certain receiving/sending
RIP routes and to change their cost values to a specified one.
Before this function is implemented, the metric-in and metric-out
commands can be used on an interface to configure the cost values
of RIP routes advertised by that interface.
The problem with the old method is that, the cost values of routes
advertised by that interface all changed and precise control cannot
be conducted, for example, you cannot modify the cost value of
routes in a specified network segment.
OSPF Offers the Fast-Hello Function
OSPF offers the fast-hello function, i.e.:
1. After this feature is configured, the ospf dead time can be set to 1s
on an interface. Moreover, you can configure the sending of
multiple hello packets within 1s, thus using ospf to expedite the
response to link status changes.
2. After this feature is configured, increase in the OSPF interaction
packets will occupy certain bandwidth. Moreover, as the timeout of
neighbors is 1s, be cautious with using that feature.
Device Management
Displaying the Device Manufacturing Information
You can use the display device manuinfo command to view the
device manufacturing information, including:
DEVICE_NAME
DEVICE_SERIAL_NUMBER
MAC_ADDRESS
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MANUFACTURING_DATE
VENDOR_NAME
Automatically Identifying and Switching over to the Remote Link
Encapsulation Mode in Auto Config Environments
In auto config environments, on the serial port and E1/T1/E3/T3 port, if
the remote link encapsulation mode is PPP or FR, the router can
automatically identify the remote link encapsulation mode and
switch over to the relevant mode. In this way, interoperation with the
remote is implemented at the link layer, and then auto config can
be implemented by learning IP addresses via DHCP.
Supporting Levellized Logging of Commands
You can use the new command record { log | accounting } level
INTEGER<0-3> to configure levellized logging of commands or
levellized accounting of commands. After this command is
configured, the system starts to log the commands or count the
commands only after the command at or higher than the specified is
executed.
Telnet Server Supports Displaying or Hiding the Copyright Notice
upon User Login
The new command [undo] vty copyright-info enable applies to all
the login users.
The undo vty copyright-info enable command hides the copyright
notice when any telnet user logs in.
The vty copyright-info enable command restores the default. That is,
the copyright notice is shown when any telnet user logs in.
SNMP Module Supports Direct Pasting of the Password Configuration
Two commands are added:
One is used to calculate the key and output the hexadecimal
character string.
The other is used to configure SNMPv3 users. It requires the user key to
be input in the form of hexadecimal character string. The paste
function can be used.
You can configure the same SNMPv3 user with the copy and paste
functions. A hexadecimal character string is used to represent the
password. After the re-configuration, the password does not
change.
Supporting SNMP Query of ADSL/G.SHDSL Uplink/Downlink Rate
After the ADSL interface and G.SHDSL interface are connected on a
physical link, a work rate is obtained through link negotiation. Such
rate is inconsistent with the baud rate of the interfaces. Normally, the
uplink rate and downlink rate of these two interfaces are different.
This feature adds two read-only MIB tables, and the table index is the
index of the ADSL interface and G.SHDSL interface used to read the
actual work rate of these two interfaces through SNMP.
Supporting the Statistics of Traffic Within the Last Five Minutes
Using the private MIB, you can view the statistics of traffic within the
last five minutes on interfaces via the SNMP NMS.
IP Host Command Supports Telnet Port Configuration
The ip host command is used to configure the correspondence
between host names and IP addresses. This feature adds the option
of specifying a port number to that command, recording the
correspondence between IP addresses and ports simply through the
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domain names.
This configuration applies to the telnet command only, and is mainly
used to support reverse telnet.
Voice
Supporting the RFC2833-Defined Packet Format for Carrying DTMF
Signals
This feature uses the RTP packets to transmit DTMF numbers by using
the RFC2833-defined packet format.
Supporting the VRRP Virtual Address Serving as the Voice Gateway
Address
By using the VRRP virtual address as the voice gateway address,
backup of the voice gateway can be implemented through the
backup capability of VRRP.
T.38 Fax Relay Supports SG3 Fax Machines
Two SG3 Fax Machines can be connected via the router’s E1VI
interface by using T.38 fax relay. The current version supports only the
1-port E1VI V1 board. Additionally, it supports the H.323 protocol.
Terminal Access
Enhancing the POS Feature
Enhancements include:
Apply the TCP Keepalive function to detect the connect status in
real time.
Shorten the linking time and speed up the creation of TCP
connection.
Set the idle time to control the idle waiting time in the case of no
data transmitted during the interaction of FCM and POS.
Add the busy tone function. When the upper layer application is
unavailable, the board interface turns into the busy status.
POS Backup
When the application between the router and the front end
processor fails, advertisements will be sent to the POS machine which
is mapped to that application, so that the POS machine knows the
application is unavailable and therefore uses another number for
dialing, thus implementing backup.
Forwarding
NAT Server Supports Load Balancing Among Servers in the Same
Server Group on the Internal Network
This feature uses NAT Server to implement load balancing among
servers in the same server group on the internal network. Each type
of users sees only one server, while multiple internal servers are
working for them. NAT Server allocates users’ access based on the
current load status of respective servers, implementing load sharing.
To implement load sharing, you need to define a server group on the
NAT device and add the internal network servers offering the same
service to that server group. Moreover, you need to set the right of
each internal network server based on its handling capacity. Apply
that server group to the public network interface on the NAT device
and specify a public network address and port, that is, configure a
server group-style NAT Server. When an external access reaches the
NAT device, the NAT Server selects an appropriate internal network
server based on the load and right of each internal network server,
directing that access to that internal network server, and thus
implementing load sharing in the server group.
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PBR Supports Modifying the DF Value of IP Headers
In special networking environments like GRE, etc, the DF bit of a
packet can be set to 1 while the packet size might exceed 1500
bytes. In that case, if fragmentation is needed, this configuration can
be used.
Transparent Bridge Forwarding Supports QinQ Encapsulation
This feature supports the QinQ (802.1Q in 802.1Q) encapsulation
mode, providing a simple and easy-to-use method to implement L2
VPN.
Changed
Hardware
Features
None
New Features:
X.25 extension
Adding the Command for Deleting X.25 Facility
This feature offers the function of deleting the windows size and
packet size parameters from the X.25 facility field, meeting the
requirements for internetworking with different devices.
X.25 Switching Supports Packet Fragmentation and Reassembly
This feature adds the function of disabling X.25 from using the
windows size and packet size parameters in the facility field to
conduct flow negotiation. Instead, flow control is conducted solely
based on the local user configuration. Moreover, the packet
reassembly and fragmentation functions are added when the
device is undergoing X.25 switching.
T4 Parameter Is Supported
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
01L01
Changed
Software
Features
The T4 parameter is added based on LAPB (Link Access Protocol,
Balanced). Moreover, after N2 RR is sent upon T4 switching over to
T1, T1 sends SABM messages continuously.
X.25 Many-to-Many Address Translation Is Implemented
It is implemented that a command with the regular expression can
replace multiple X.25 switch svc commands.
Supporting Reverse Telnet Polling on Async Ports
You can set the group of asynchronous ports and arrange multiple
ports in the same group. When reverse telnet (e.g., telnet xx.xx.xx.xx
2001) is used, if the current physical async port is used or unavailable,
the group function takes effect, and the system automatically uses
the next usable physical async port in the group.
QoS extension
Support CAR in FRTS classes
Support to remark DSCP in CAR behavior.
PPP Callback optimization
Add command to check the LCP callback parameters, if the LCP
checking failed, the call is rejected.
Increase MTU of E1/T1 interface to 1620
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
01
Changed
Hardware
Features
Changed
Software
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None
New Features:
Enhanced HWPing Functions
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Features
This version enhances the routers’ HWPing functions, including:
Support NQA MIB and expand SNMP’s manageability for HWPing.
Support NQA MIB display of multiple test results of a single test
instance.
Support storage and search for test groups in alphabetic order of the
references.
A single test instance can send over 3000 packets continuously.
Support concurrent scheduling of test instances.
Support the increase of sub-test instances from 150 to 1000. The test
types supported include ICMP, UDP, Jitter, DNS, HTTP and FTP. Of
them, the number of concurrent FTP tests can reach 50, and the
number of concurrent tests on ICMP to the same IP address can
reach 5.
Support the removal of all test instances (supporting CLI and NMS
configuration).
Support classifying HTTP statistics based on DNS resolution, TCP
connection and transaction time.
FTP statistics can include the measurement of the file downloading
rate.
Support the configuration of the file path and the uploaded file size
during FTP testing (supporting CLI and NMS configuration).
Add DNS measurement.
Support the DNS test configuration count.
IP Terminal Access
This feature is an enhancement to the original remote terminal
access feature in the system.
IP terminals use Ethernet to connect to the IP network and
communicate with the routers. With high bandwidth of IP networks,
the service handling rate is improved and bandwidth guarantee is
given for ever-growing service requirements.
The IP terminal itself uses Telnet to connect the front end processor
via the router. As TCP is used for communication, multiple TCP
connections can be created and each connection can carry a type
of service. Therefore, the same IP terminal can work for different
services. This feature has significant advantages when compared to
the previous serial port terminals that can accommodate only one
type of service. If the router is configured with the binding of IP
addresses and MAC addresses, the validity of IP terminal access can
be enhanced further. For each TCP connection, you can define the
encoding attribute, etc independently, which ensures the security of
service implementation and independence of inter-service
demands.
The IP terminal feature and the serial port terminal access feature
can exist together and be used simultaneously. Of course, the
networking flexibility is improved as well. The most significant
characteristics of this feature lie in the adaptability to different actual
demands, construction of reasonable networking environments and
efficient use of existing resources.
POS Relay
The POS relay feature can relay the TCP connection of POS
applications. That is, the POS relay router can terminate the TCP
connections of several POS applications, i.e., FCM dialing routers,
GPRS/CDMA wireless POS terminals, wireless AP (WLAN POS terminals
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communicate with AP via WLAN, and AP connects to the wired
Ethernet via a router). Meanwhile, acting as the client, the POS relay
router itself can create TCP connections with the front end processor.
Through POS relay, TCP connections used by the front end processor
can be reduced, and the GPRS/CDMA/WLAN-enabled wireless POS
terminals can be connected.
POS Cache
Currently, as the financial system uses a great number of wireless
handset-base POS devices (the handset and the base POS devices
communicate via WLAN, and the base POS unit communicates with
the router via dialing), multiple continuous bidirectional packets
appear on the same FCM interface. The cache mechanism exists
when packets are sent from the FCM interface to the front end
processor. However, this mechanism is not available when packets
are sent from the front end processor to the FCM interface, so cache
mechanism needs to be added so as to reduce the risk of packet
loss.
The POS cache mechanism implements the function that, when
data transmission from the router to the FCM interface fails, the
packets are cached for next transmission. The packets cached are
sent to the POS machine in the first-in-first-out order.
POS Access Short Connection
With this feature, the router creates a TCP connection with the front
end processor for each POS machine that dials in. When the POS
machine hangs up, the TCP connection is deleted.
In contrast with short connection, it is the long connection
application. All the POS machines mapped to the long connection
application share the same TCP connection. When data from the
first POS machine comes in, a TCP connection is created with the
front end processor. Later, as long as the link and the front end
processor are in normal status, that TCP connection will exist.
Command Line Updates
Table 8 Command line updates
Version
Number
Item
Description
AR28_AR46-CM
W340-F0309
New
Commands
Command1
Syntax
portal server-detect server-name enable
undo portal server-detect server-name enable
View
System view
Parameters
None
Description
Use the command ”portal server-detect server-name enable ”
to enable the detection on Portal Server and “undo portal
server-detect server-name enable” to disable it. By default, the
detection on Portal Server is disabled.
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Examples
Enable the detection on Portal Server pt1:
[h3c] portal server-detect pt1 enable
Command2
Syntax
portal server-detect server-name { interval interval-time | retry
number }
undo portal server-detect server-name { interval | retry }
View
System view
Parameters
Interval interval-time: Specifies the interval time of detection, in
seconds. It is in the range 10 to 180, and defaults to 20.
Retry number: Specifies the times of timeout when detecting the
server. It is in the range 3 to 5, and defaults to 3.
Description
Use the portal server-detect server-name { interval interval-time
| retry number } command to configure the interval time of
detection and the times of timeout on Portal Server.
Use the undo portal server-detect server-name { interval | retry }
command to restore the default.
Examples
Configure the interval-time of detection to 60 seconds and the
times of timeout to 4:
[h3c] portal server-detect pt1 interval 60 retry 4
Command3
Syntax
portal user-detect server-name enable
undo portal user-detect server-name enable
View
System view
Parameters
None
Description
Use the” portal user-detect server-name enable ” command to
enable the detection on Portal User and “undo portal
user-detect server-name enable
” to disable it. By default, the detection on Portal User is
disabled.
Examples
Enable the detect function of portal user authenticated on
Portal Server pt1:
[h3c] portal user-detect pt1 enable
Command4
Syntax
portal user-detect server-name { interval interval-time | retry
number }
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undo portal user-detect server-name {interval | retry}
View
System view
Parameters
Interval interval-time: Specifies the interval time of detection, in
minutes. It is in the range 1 to 60, and defaults to 4.
Retry number: Specifies the times of timeout when detecting the
user. It is in the range 3 to 5, and defaults to 4.
Description
Use the portal user-detect server-name { interval interval-time |
retry number } command to configure the interval time and the
times of timeout of detection on Portal User.
Use the undo portal user-detect server-name {interval | retry}
command to restore the default.
Examples
Configure the interval-time of detection of portal user
authenticated on Portal Server pt1 to 5 minutes and the times of
timeout to 4:
[h3c] portal user-detect pt1 interval 5 retry 4
Command5
Syntax
display portal server [ server-name ]
View
Any view
Parameters
Server-name: The name of Portal Server.
Description
Use this command to display the Portal Server information.
Examples
Display portal server pt1 information:
[h3c] display portal server pt1
Portal Server:
pt1:
IP = 172.31.10.46
Key = Not configured
Port = 50100
URL = "http://172.31.10.46"
Detect Server = enable
Detect Interval = 20 seconds
Detect Retry = 3
Command6
Syntax
display portal user detect-info
View
Any view
Parameters
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None
Description
The command of “display portal user detect-info” can show the
detecting information of the portal user.
Examples
# Show the detecting information of the portal user.
[h3c] display portal user detect-info
Portal user detect-info:
Portal Server = pt1
Detect User = enable
Detect Interval = 4 minutes
Detect Retry = 3
Command7
Syntax
frr detect-group group-number
undo frr detect-group
View
Interface view
Parameters
Group-number: The number of detect-group, the range is 1100.
Description
The command of “frr detect-group” can make the routes
update quickly using the auto-detect.
The command of “Undo frr detect-group” cancel this function.
Examples
# Set the route updating quickly according to the status off the
detect-group 10.
<H3C> system-view
System View: return to User View with Ctrl+Z.
[H3C] interface serial 0/0/0
[H3C-Serial 0/0/0] frr detect-group 10
Command8
Syntax
tpdu-change{source-address|destination-address}
undo tpdu-change
View
POS relay template view
Parameters
None
Description
The command of “tpdu-change source-address” sets that the
router modifies the source address of TPDU packets to the tcp
socket id of POS terminal between POS relay when the router
transmits the POS packets.
The command of “tpdu-change destination-address” sets that
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the router modifies the destination address of TPDU packets to
the tcp socket id of POS terminal between POS relay when the
router transmits the POS packets.
The command of “undo tpdu-change” resumes the default
mode that modifies the destination address of TPDU packets.
Examples
# Configurates the router to modify the source address of TPDU
packets when the router acts as POS relay .
[Quidway] relay-pos template test
[Quidway -relay-pos-template-test] tpdu-change
source-address
Command9
Syntax
tpdu-mapping{source-address|destination-address}
undo tpdu-mapping
View
POS relay template view
Parameters
None
Description
The command of “tpdu-mapping source-address” sets that the
router does the map using the source address of POS TPDU
packets , then matches the POS server using the map.
The command of “tpdu-mapping destination-address” sets that
the router does the map using the destination address of POS
TPDU packets, then matches the POS server using the map.
The command of “undo tpdu-mapping” resumes the default
mode that does the map using the destination address of TPDU
packets.
Examples
# Configurates the router to do the map using the source
address of TPDU packets when the router acts as POS relay .
[Quidway] relay-pos template test
[Quidway -relay-pos-template-test] tpdu-mapping
source-address
AR28_AR46-CM
W340-F0308
Deleted
Commands
None.
Modified
Commands
None.
New
Commands
None.
Deleted
Commands
None.
Modified
Commands
Original command:
x25 switch svc x.121-address [ sub-dest destination-address ]
[ sub-source source-address ] interface serial interface-number
undo x25 switch svc x.121-address [ sub-dest
destination-address ] [ sub-source source-address ] [ interface
serial interface-number ]
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
35
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Modified command:
x25 switch svc { x.121-address | input-interface serial
interface-number } [ sub-dest destination-address ] [ sub-source
source-address ] interface serial interface-number
undo x25 switch svc { x.121-address | input-interface serial
interface-number } [ sub-dest destination-address ] [ sub-source
source-address ] [ interface serial interface-number ]
Module of the command: X25
Description:Using the command of “input-interface serial
interface-number” to set the x25 route’s input interface.
Changes in default values:None.
Original command:
x25 switch svc x.121-address [ sub-dest destination-address ]
[ sub-source source-address ] hunt-group hunt-group-name
undo x25 switch svc x.121-address [ sub-dest
destination-address ] [ sub-source source-address ] hunt-group
hunt-group-name
Modified command:
x25 switch svc { x.121-address | input-interface serial
interface-number } [ sub-dest destination-address ] [ sub-source
source-address ] interface serial interface-number
undo x25 switch svc { x.121-address | input-interface serial
interface-number } [ sub-dest destination-address ] [ sub-source
source-address ] [ interface serial interface-number ]
Module of the command: X25
Description:Using the command of “input-interface serial
interface-number” to set the x25 route’s input interface.
Changes in default values:None.
Original command:
x25 switch svc x.121-address [ sub-dest destination-address ]
[ sub-source source-address ] xot ip-address1 [ ip-address2 ] …
[ ip-address6 ] [ xot-option ]
undo x25 switch svc x.121-address [ sub-dest
destination-address ] [ sub-source source-address ] [ xot
ip-address1 [ ip-address2 ] … [ ip-address6 ] ]
Modified command:
x25 switch svc { x.121-address | input-interface serial
interface-number } [ sub-dest destination-address ] [ sub-source
source-address ] xot ip-address1 [ ip-address2 ] … [ ip-address6 ]
[ xot-option ]
undo x25 switch svc { x.121-address | input-interface serial
interface-number } [ sub-dest destination-address ] [ sub-source
source-address ] [ xot ip-address1 [ ip-address2 ] …
[ ip-address6 ] ]
Module of the command: X25
Description:Using the command of “input-interface serial
interface-number” to set the x25 route’s input interface.
Changes in default values:None.
AR28_AR46-CM
W340-F0307
New
Commands
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
Command1
Syntax
36
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
play-remain-tone enable
undo play-remain-tone enable
View
gw-access-number view
Parameters
None
Description
Use the play-remain-tone command to enable the function of
playing the prompt tone of remain charge. Use the undo
play-remain-tone enable command to turn off the function of
playing the prompt tone of remain charge. The default value is
enable the prompt tone.
Examples
# Turn of the prompt tone of remain charge
<Quidway> system-view
[Quidway] voice-setup
[Quidway-voice]dial-program
[Quidway-voice-dial]gw-access-number 17909
[Quidway-voice-dial-anum17909] undo play-remain-tone
enable
AR28_AR46-CM
W340-F0306P07
Deleted
Commands
None.
Modified
Commands
None.
New
Commands
None.
Deleted
Commands
None.
Modified
Commands
Original command:
x25 switch svc x.121-address [ sub-dest destination-address ]
[ sub-source source-address ] hunt-group hunt-group-name
Modified command:
x25 switch svc x.121-address [ sub-dest destination-address ]
[ sub-source source-address ] hunt-group hunt-group-name
[xot-source interface-type interface-number]
Module of the command: X25
Description: Add [xot-source interface-type interface-number]
for the interface type and number of XOT initiator.
Changes in default values:None.
AR28_AR46-CM
W340-F0306P04
Command
Change
New Command:
Command1
Syntax
voip h323-bearer { speech | audio }
undo voip h323-bearer
View
Voice view
Parameters
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
37
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
speech: Sets the bearer capability field of the H.255 packet to
speech.
audio: Sets the bearer capability field of the H.255 packet to 3.1
kHz audio.
Description
Use the voip h323-bearer command to configure the bearer
capability field of H.255 packets. The value of the bearer
capability field depends on the settings of the PBX device at the
receiving end of the call. When you execute this command, the
transmission mode of the bearer capability field changes to
circuit automatically and the data transmission rate changes to
64K.
Use the undo voip h323-bearer command to restore the default.
By default, the router transparently transmits the bearer
capability fields of the packets sent from an H.323 soft phone (or
an IP phone) without modifying the fields.
In a scenario, the route between an H.323 soft phone (or an IP
phone) and the router is available, and the router connects with
a PBX through an E1Vi interface. Voice calls from IP to PSTN are
realized through the router. However, the bearer capability field
values of H.255 packets sent from H.323 soft phones (or IP
phones) of some vendors cannot be correctly resolved by the
receiving PBX, causing call failures. To solve this problem, you
can use the voip h323-bearer command on the router to
modify the bearer capability field of H.255 packets to a value
that can be resolved by the receiving PBX.
Examples
# Set the bearer capability field of the H.255 packet to speech.
[router-voice] voip h323-bearer speech
Modified Command:
Command1
Syntax
Lapb max-frame n1-value
undo lapb max-frame
View
Interface view
Parameter
n1-value: Value of parameter N1, in bit, in the range 1096 to
eight times of the sum of MTU plus the protocol header length.
LAPB parameter N1 defaults to 12032.
Description
Use the lapb max-frame command to configure LAPB
parameter N1.
Use the undo lapb max-frame command to restore the default
value.
N1 indicates the maximum frame length in bits between DTE
and DCE, which should be 8 times of MTU plus the protocol
header.
Note:
The lapb max-frame command is configurable only when X.25
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
38
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
applies on the link layer. If the LAPB applies on the link layer, you
cannot configure the lapb max-frame command. When the
MTU value on the interface changes, however, you need to use
the undo lapb max-frame command to change the default
value of LAPB parameter N1 to the value after MTU changes
since the default value was calculated according to the
previous MTU.
Example
# Set the LAPB parameter N1 on Serial0/0/0 to 1160.
[router-Serial0/0/0] lapb max-frame 1160
Modify Description
Parameter n1-value range is modified from 1096 to eight times
of the sum of MTU plus the protocol header length.
Deleted Command:
Command1
Syntax
display voice voip { down-queue e1t1vi-no | phy-statistic
e1t1vi-no | up-queue e1t1vi-no | }
AR28_AR46-CM
W340-F0306P03
Command
Change
New Command:
Command1
Syntax
isdn disconnect-mode
undo isdn disconnect-mode
View
ISDN interface view
Parameters
None
Description
Use the isdn disconnect-mode command to configure an ISDN
interface to send DISCONNECT messages before sending
RELEASE COMPLETE messages when the ISDN interface is
disconnecting a call which has not been established
completely, that is, no CONNECT message for the call has been
received.
Use the undo isdn disconnect-mode command to disable an
ISDN interface from sending DISCONNECT messages when the
ISDN interface is disconnecting a call.
Note:
This command is available only on ISDN BSV and ISDN PRI
interfaces.
Examples
# Configure interface Serial 0/0/0:15 to send DISCONNECT
messages when a call is being disconnected.
[Router-serial0/0/0:15] isdn disconnect-mode
AR28_AR46-CM
W340-F0306P01
Command
Change
None
AR28_AR46-CM
W340-F0306
Command
Change
Compared with F0305, multiple features have been added to
F0306, the corresponding new command lines will not be
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
39
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
introduced here. For detailed information of other command
lines, please refer to User Manual and < Command Line
Differences Between Version F0305 and Version F0306> List.
AR28_AR46-CM
W340-F0305
Command
Change
Compared with F0304, multiple features have been added to
F0305, the corresponding new command lines will not be
introduced here. For detailed information of other command
lines, please refer to User Manual and < Command Line
Differences Between Version F0304 and Version F0305> List.
AR28_AR46-CM
W340-F0304
Command
Change
Compared with F0303, multiple features have been added to
F0304, the corresponding new command lines will not be
introduced here. For detailed information of other command
lines, please refer to User Manual and < Command Line
Differences Between Version F0303 and Version F0304> List.
AR28_AR46-CM
W340-F0303
Command
Change
Compared with F0302, multiple features have been added to
F0303, the corresponding new command lines will not be
introduced here. For detailed information of other command
lines, please refer to User Manual and < Command Line
Differences Between Version F0302 and Version F0303> List.
AR28_AR46-CM
W340-F0302
Command
Change
Compared with R0201, multiple features have been added to
F0302, the corresponding new command lines will not be
introduced here. For detailed information of other command
lines, please refer to User Manual and Command Change List.
MIB Updates
Table 9 MIB updates
Version
Number
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
06P04
Item
MIB File
Name
Modul
e
Name
Description
New
None
None
None
Modified
None
None
None
New
None
None
None
1) Added an attribute value of traceRoute(8)
at the nqaAdminCtrlTable’s
nqaAdminCtrlType node.
2) Modified the nqaAdminParaTable:
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
06
a) Supported the traceRouter HWPING type at
the nqaAdminParaMaxTtl,
nqaAdminParaProbeCount node;
Modified
nqa.mib
NQA-MI
B
b) Implement the function of
nqaAdminParaInitialTtl,
nqaAdminParaMaxFailures,
nqaAdminParaCreateHopsEntries node;
c) Modified the values of
nqaAdminParaDataSize,
nqaAdminParaOperation,
nqaAdminParaHttpVersion,
nqaAdminParaHttpOperationString,
nqaAdminParaInterval,
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
40
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
nqaAdminParaResultRowMax,
nqaAdminParaHistoryRowMax nodes ;
d)Add twent-one new nodes, but the most
node’s function can’t be supported, only
following nodes are supported, including
nqaAdminParaCodecType,
nqaAdminParaICPIFAdvFactor,
nqaAdminParaFtpMode;
3)Modified the nqaScheduleTable:
a) Suported the DHCP HWPING type at
nqaScheduleStartType,
nqaScheduleStartTime, nqaScheduleEndType,
nqaScheduleEndTime nodes;
b)Added a new node of
nqaScheduleLastCollectIndex, but the node’s
funciton isn’t supported ;
4) Modified nqaResultsTable :
a) Implement the function of
nqaResultsCurHopCount,
nqaResultsCurProbeCount,
nqaResultsLastGoodPath nodes;
b) Deleted the node of
nqaResultsOverthresholds;
5)Deleted the node of
nqaHTTPStatsOverThresholds at
nqaHTTPStatsTable;
6) Delete the node
nqaJitterStatsOverThresholds and
nqaJitterStatsSum2OfPositivesDSLow at
nqaJitterStatsTable;
7)Modified the nqaJitterStatsTable:
a)Implement the function of
nqaJitterStatsPacketLossSD and
nqaJitterStatsPacketLossDS nodes;
b)Add twent-four new nodes but the most
node’s function can’t be supported, only
following nodes are supported, including
nqaJitterStatsMaxDelaySD
nqaJitterStatsMaxDelayDS
nqaJitterStatsRTTAvg
nqaJitterStatsPacketLossRatio
nqaJitterStatsPktLossUnknown
nqaJitterStatsNumOfOWD
nqaJitterStatsOWSumSD
nqaJitterStatsOWSumDS
nqaJitterStatsOperOfICPIF
nqaJitterStatsOperOfMOS
nqaJitterStatsMinDelaySD
nqaJitterStatsSum2DelaySDLow
nqaJitterStatsSum2DelaySDHigh
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
41
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
nqaJitterStatsMinDelayDS
nqaJitterStatsSum2DelayDSLow
nqaJitterStatsSum2DelayDSHigh
8)Deleted the nqaFTPStatsOverThresholds
node of nqaFTPStatsTable ;
9)Added the new tables of nqaGroupTable,
nqaMpingStatsTable, nqaMtracertStatsTable,
nqaMpingHistoryTable,
nqaMtracertHistoryTable, nqaNotifications and
nqaJitterCollectStatsTable, but the function of
tabls can’t be supported .
Please refer to the document of mib
companion to get the detailed information.
New
None
None
None
1) Add the following table:
hwCBQoSLrCfgInfoTable
hwCBQoSNestPolicyCfgInfoTable
hwCBQoSIfLrRunInfoTable
hwCBQoSAtmPvcLrRunInfoTable
hwCBQoSFrPvcLrRunInfoTable
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
05
Modified
Huaweicbqos.mi
b
HUAWEI
-CBQOS
-MIB
2) Modify the index’s meanings of all tables at
the hwCBQoSApplyPolicyStaticsObjects mib
tree. The table’s index is still the
hwCBQoSPolicyClassIndex, but the index is put
different meaning at different instance. If the
index’s highest bit is 0, it is meaning the class is
a common QoS class or a parent class, the
maximal sequence number of parent class is
255. If the index’s highest bit is 1, it is meaning
the class is a nested class, the index’s first low
byte denotes the sequence number of the
parent class, the index’s third low byte denotes
the sequence number of the nested class.
Related table :
hwCBQoSIfCbqRunInfoTable
hwCBQoSIfClassMatchRunInfoTable
hwCBQoSIfCarRunInfoTable
hwCBQoSIfGtsRunInfoTable
hwCBQoSIfRemarkRunInfoTable
hwCBQoSIfQueueRunInfoTable
hwCBQoSIfWredRunInfoTable
Please read the mib companion to get the
detailed information.
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
04
New
None
None
None
Modified
None
None
None
AR28_AR46-
New
None
None
None
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
42
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
CMW340-F03
03
New nodes added to h3cNqaResultsTable:
h3cNqaResultsRttSum,
h3cNqaResultsNumOfDelaySD,
h3cNqaResultsMinDelaySD,
h3cNqaResultsSumDelaySD,
h3cNqaResultsSum2DelaySD,
h3cNqaResultsNumOfDelayDS,
h3cNqaResultsMinDelayDS,
h3cNqaResultsSumDelayDS,
h3cNqaResultsSum2DelayDS
New nodes added to
h3cNqaStatisticsResultsTable:
h3cNqaStatResRttSum,
h3cNqaStatResNumOfDelaySD,
h3cNqaStatResMinDelaySD,
h3cNqaStatResSumDelaySD,
h3cNqaStatResSum2DelaySD,
h3cNqaStatResNumOfDelayDS,
h3cNqaStatResMinDelayDS,
h3cNqaStatResSumDelayDS,
h3cNqaStatResSum2DelayDS,
h3cNqaStatResMaxDelaySD,
h3cNqaStatResMaxDelayDS;
Modified
H3C-NQ
A-MIB.mi
b
NQA
New nodes added to h3cNqaReactionTable:
h3cNqaReactCheckedNum,
h3cNqaReactThresholdNum;
h3cNqaStatisticsReactionTable added;
Add jitterOwdSD(9), jitterOwdDS(10) into
h3cNqaReactCheckedElement definition;
Add value of h3cNqaCtlCodecType:
icmpTimestamp(5);
Changed the following Nodes type from
Unsigned32 to Gauge32:
h3cNqaStatResMinRtt,
h3cNqaStatResMaxRtt,
h3cNqaStatResAverageRtt,
h3cNqaStatResInterval,
h3cNqaStatResLostPacketRatio,
h3cNqaStatResMinDelaySD,
h3cNqaStatResMaxDelaySD,
h3cNqaStatResMinDelayDS,
h3cNqaStatResMaxDelayDS,
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
43
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Changed the following Nodes type from
Unsigned32 to Counter32:
h3cNqaStatResProbeResponses,
h3cNqaStatResSentProbes,
h3cNqaStatResRttSumOfSquares,
h3cNqaStatResRttNumDisconnects,
h3cNqaStatResRttTimeouts,
h3cNqaStatResRttBusies,
h3cNqaStatResRttNoConnections,
h3cNqaStatResRttDrops,
h3cNqaStatResRttSequenceErrors,
h3cNqaStatResRttErrors,
h3cNqaStatResPacketLateArrival,
h3cNqaStatResRttSum,
h3cNqaStatResNumOfDelaySD,
h3cNqaStatResSumDelaySD,
h3cNqaStatResSum2DelaySD,
h3cNqaStatResNumOfDelayDS,
h3cNqaStatResSumDelayDS,
h3cNqaStatResSum2DelayDS,
h3cNqaStatReactCheckedNum,
h3cNqaStatReactThresholdNum;
Changed the following Nodes type from
Gauge32 to Counter32:
h3cNqaStatJitterNumOfPosSD,
h3cNqaStatJitterSumOfPosSD,
h3cNqaStatJitterSumOfSquarePosSD,
h3cNqaStatJitterNumOfNegSD,
h3cNqaStatJitterSumOfNegSD,
h3cNqaStatJitterSumOfSquareNegSD,
h3cNqaStatJitterNumOfPosDS,
h3cNqaStatJitterSumOfPosDS,
h3cNqaStatJitterSumOfSquarePosDS,
h3cNqaStatJitterNumOfNegDS,
h3cNqaStatJitterSumOfNegDS,
h3cNqaStatJitterSumOfSquareNegDS,
h3cNqaStatJitterPacketLossSD,
h3cNqaStatJitterPacketLossDS,
h3cNqaStatJitterPktLossUnknown.
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
02
New
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
rfc2662-a
dsl-line.m
ib
ADSL-LI
NE-MIB
Only the following two tables
“adslAtucChanTable” and
“adslAturChanTable” are supported, All the
other nodes in ADSL-LINE-MIB (RFC2662) are
NOT supported.
44
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
01L01
AR28_AR46CMW340-F03
01L01
rfc2662-a
dsl-tc.mi
b
ADSL-TC
-MIB
Because ADSL-LINE-MIB depends on
ADSL-TC-MIB and PerfHist-TC-MIB, these two
MIBs were added too, but all the nodes in
these two MIBs are not supported.
rfc2493-p
erfhist-tc.
mib
PerfHistTC-MIB
Because ADSL-LINE-MIB depends on
ADSL-TC-MIB and PerfHist-TC-MIB, these two
MIBs were added too, but all the nodes in
these two MIBs are not supported.
Modified
None
None
None
New
None
None
None
Modified
None
None
None
New
Nqa.mib
Service
NQA-MIB is a private MIB, which work with NMS
equipment to monitor network performance.
Modified
None
None
None
Configuration Changes
None.
Open Problems and Workarounds
RTOD01839
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0302
•
Description: Setting up MP link over several PPPoEoA connections, after transferring
heavy load, the MP link stop forwarding any packets.
•
Workaround: None. This release is not suggested to be used to support MP over
PPPoEoA application.
RTOD03149
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0305
•
Description: The memory of router is depleted if restart the interface of the router time
and again when the device is forwarding a lot of fragmented packets flow and the
flow’s protocol number is changing.
•
Workaround: No effective measure.
RTOD03528
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Description: To Do HWPING test and multi-groups test test-time at the same time, test
results are not entire, when retest again, test packets cannot be forwarded.
•
Workaround: Avoiding that multi-groups test test-time at the same time.
RTOD03985
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0302
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
45
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
•
Description: When test type for HWPING is jitter codec, and the test is multi-vpn
instance, which means both client and server are in VPN. HWPING test is failure.
•
Workaround: None.
RTOD03996
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0305
•
Description: New feature for HWPING supports to configure FTP-MODE and TEST-TYPE
JITTER ICMP-TIMESTA. When these two configuration exits and router upgrades to old
version software, which doesn’t support this new feature, the router will run
abnormally.
•
Workaround: Before upgrades the old version software, please delete these two
configurations and save the configuration.
List of Resolved Problems
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03
RTOD05406
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P02
•
Condition: Set the command of “DHCP server static-bind” at the interface of the
router.
•
Description: The IP address of this command can’t be shown correctly, and this
command can’t be saved.
RTOD05383
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P02
•
Condition: Create the FTP user at the router, then save current configuration by the
iMC software.
•
Description: The command of FTP user can’t be saved.
RTOD05376
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P04
•
Condition: The VRRP function was enabled at the sub-interface of the Ethernet.
•
Description: The virtual IP of the VRRP group can’t be pinged successfully.
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P02
RTOD05009
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0309P02
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
46
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
•
Condition: The function of FRF (Fast route switching) is enabled at the router's
interface.
•
Description: There is still a direct route of this interface when the status of the interface
is down.
RTOD05035
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0309P07
•
Condition: The ARP static binding is enabled at the router, at the same time the ARP
auto-learning function is disabled at the Ethernet interface.
•
Description: The Ethernet interface failed to ping the PC through the static ARP.
RTOD05012
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0309P05
•
Condition: The ARP proxy is enabled at the interface of the router, then the router
can't deal with the ARP request whose input and output interface is the same.
•
Description: The network connected with the router can't communicate each other.
RTOD04996
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0309P07
•
Condition: There were lots of private and public routes at the router.
•
Description: Running after a while, the router rebooted abnormally.
RTOD04920
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The customer configures the detect-group at the router.
•
Description: The router can't support 300 detect-groups at one router.
RTOD05156
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0309P07
•
Condition: Execute the command of "reset relay-pos" at the router.
•
Description: The router rebooted abnormally.
RTOD05095
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0309P07
•
Condition: The router received the especial SIP register packets from the XE terminal.
•
Description: The memory of the router leaked and the console interface of the router
can't response after a while because the router doesn't recognize the especial register
packets.
RTOD05315
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0309P07
•
Condition: The router assigned IP address to the DHCP client as DHCP server. Execute
the command of "display pppoe-client session" at the router again and again.
•
Description: When there were a lots of IP address conflict, the memory of the router
leaked, after a long time, the router showed the memory exhausted.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
47
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0309P05
RTOD04795
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The customer sets the command of “vqa dsp-monitor buffer-time 0” at the
voice-view of the router, then save the configuration file and reboot the router.
•
Description: The command of “vqa dsp-monitor buffer-time 0” is lost after the router
reboots.
RTOD04800
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: Running OSPF protocol on the routers and the customer modifies the
attribute of some NSSA area.
•
Description: The other NSSA areas don’t issue the default route.
RTOD04766
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The customer set the target-host of the SNMP TRAP at the router.
•
Description: The GE interface of the router can’t be set to the source-interface of the
SNMP TRAP.
RTOD04821
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The router runs BGP protocol, and the router receives the BGP update
packets with an EXTENDED COMUNITIES attribute.
•
Description: Occasionally the router reboots abnormally.
RTOD04864
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The router runs OSPF protocol, and OSPF LSA is saved using the adv router,
type and LSID as the key words at the LSDB, if there are two same destination address
and different mask static routes imported into OSPF.
•
Description: There is only the last static route at the OSPF LSDB, because the LSA’s key
word isn’t included the mask information, the two LSA can’t be distinguished. (The
router doesn’t support OSPF appendix E).
RTOD04951
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: Some POS terminal establishes the connection with the router’s FCM
interface through IP-PBX.
•
Description: The POS terminal can’t dial up the FCM interface of the router.
RTOD04873
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
48
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
•
Condition: The router inserted into ATM-25M card starts up.
•
Description: The router reboots again and again.
RTOD04813
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The customer sets the voice caller radius authentication at the router.
•
Description: The VOIP call from the router fails to authenticate and the router output
the error information of “AAA_Request send error”.
RTOD04916
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The customers set the DHCP synchronization ARP at the router, and enable
the security ARP at the router’s Ethernet interface.
•
Description: The PC user’s network connection breaks off after several minutes.
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0309P02
RTOD04793
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The router works as XOT switching, because the network is broken-down or
the router’s x25 vc resource is deficient, the XOT connection is failed.
•
Description: The error code that the router sends to the caller isn’t correct.
RTOD04789
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The FR P2P sub-interface of the router is set the bridge function, and the
bridge-template interface transmits the packets.
•
Description: The router will reboot abnormally sometime.
RTOD04779
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The sub-policy of the nested QoS defines the queue behavior of the
default-class , and the nested QoS policy is set at the interface of the router.
•
Description: When to show the QoS result, the statistic information of the default queue
is incorrect.
RTOD04761
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The route from the router to the destination is default route.
•
Description: The router doesn’t send the ICMP redirection packets.
RTOD04687
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
49
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
•
Condition: Insert the SIC E1-F or SIC E1 module into the router.
•
Description: After connecting the E1or E1-F interface of the router, the LINK LED of the
SIC E1-F or SIC E1 module isn’t bright, but the ACT LED will blink.
RTOD04625
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: Set vrrp at the bridge-template interface of the router.
•
Description: When the status of the VRRP is BACKUP, the router receives the packets
which’s destination MAC is VRRP virtual MAC will be sent to the bridge-template
interface.
RTOD04612
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The router acts as MPLS PE and the customer configures the QOS at the
public interface of the router.
•
Description: The QoS doesn’t work when the public interface is output interface.
RTOD04594
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The router’s fiber interface, including GEF, M/SFX, ATM, POS and CPOS
interface, is inserted into the SFP which can support two kinds speed of OC3 and
100BASELX.
•
Description: The router can’t identify this kind of SFP.
RTOD04574
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The router configures the static NAT, the MCU equipment at the inside net
calls the video terminal at the outside net.
•
Description: The router will reboot abnormally.
RTOD04595
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: To set FROIP function at the router, the TUNNEL is established at the MP link,
and the total number of FR PVC is more than 21.
•
Description: After a while the FR PVC will be down, and the FR application will be
broken off.
RTOD04682
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
•
Condition: The router acts as pos relay, POS terminal connects with POS server via the
router.
•
Description: Some POS servers will check the destination address of the POS packets,
so POS terminal can’t disconnect these POS server via the router.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
50
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0308
RTOD04514
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340- F0306P06
•
Condition: Setting the interface’s TCP MSS at the AR router, and the router transmits
the TCP packets.
•
Description: The router will discard the fragment TCP packets which’s length is less than
TCP header length.
RTOD04577
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340- F0306P06
•
Condition: Setting the interface’s TCP MSS at the AR router, and the router transmits
the TCP packets.
•
Description: The router’s memory will leak.
RTOD04549
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P06
•
Condition: The router uses X25 function and configurates X25 route.
•
Description: The router can’t transmit the X25 packets according to the packet’s input
interface.
RTOD04522
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P06
•
Condition: The router acts as DMC to manage other equipments.
•
Description: DMC can’t work well after it’s baud rate is changed to 115200.
RTOD04542
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P06
•
Condition: The router acts as DMC to manage other equipments.
•
Description: DMC can’t identify WX5002-64 and WX5002-128.
RTOD04505
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P06
•
Condition: Acting as X25 switch, there are a lot of x25 SVC and XOT to transmit the
data through the router.
•
Description: The X25 connection will be broken off.
RTOD04083
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P06
•
Condition: Under MPLS Inter-Provider Option B,MPLS is repeated enable or disable.
•
Description: This action may lead the result that router distributes label in error and
forwards traffic abnormity.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
51
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
RTOD04511
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P06
•
Condition: The router starts up the DAR feature , at the same time it transfers several
FTP flows and other data flows.
•
Description: After a while, the router will reboot.
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0307
RTOD04457
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P07
•
Condition: Configure the PKI entity parameter at the router, then the router applies for
the PKI local certificate to CA server.
•
Description: The “common-name” of the PKI local certificate is different from the
parameter of “common-name” configured at the router.
RTOD04469
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P07
•
Condition: Juniper acts as PE and AR router acts as CE, the AR router runs ISIS protocol
and import BGP routes.
•
Description: The AR router’s memory will leak if it receives some kind packets from
Juniper.
RTOD04468
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P07
•
Condition: AR router runs the ISIS protocol and receives the Hello packets whose hold
time is zero.
•
Description: AR router establishes the ISIS neighbor, and it can’t delete the neighbor
even if the router stops sending hello packets.
RTOD04467
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P07
•
Condition: AR router runs the ISIS protocol and configures the MD5 authentication,
and the router receives the authentication packet which’s TLV length is more than 16.
•
Description: Sometime the router will be exception.
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P07
RTOD04459
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: Acting as X25 switch, the router received the X25 call from XOT’s TCP side to
X25 hunt-group.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
52
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
•
Description: The X25 connection established unsuccessfully.
RTOD04446
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: The command “tcp mss” is configured in the Ethernet interface.
•
Description: The mss value of the in-package in the interface is not modified.
RTOD04442
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: Acting as X25 switch, the X25 call is established through X25 hunt-group,
and several XOT links are added to hunt-group in order to load balance and backup.
•
Description: When the x25 connection is switched from one XOT link to the other XOT
link , the x25 connection will be interrupted.
RTOD04438
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: Get the fan information of the router by MIB.
•
Description: There is only one fan at the router, but there are two fans showed by the
MIB.
RTOD04374
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: The router transmits the file using X2T protocol.
•
Description: At some instance, the file transmission will be interrupted.
RTOD04355
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: The sub-interface of Ethernet of the router sends the small packet less than
64byte and with VLAN tag.
•
Description: The router only can fill in the small packet to 62 byte, so the small packet is
discarded by other transmitting equipments.
RTOD04357
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: The router receives alternately a lot of ARP response packets with the same
IP address and different input interface.
•
Description: The router will establish a lot of repeated ARP entries , and the router’s ARP
table will be filled in completely.
RTOD04251
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: Do a lot of the operation of deleting the file and getting the file by FTP at
the router.
•
Description: The router can’t save configuration file at the flash and the configuration
file lost after it runs period of time.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
53
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
RTOD04204
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: Using IPSEC template mode and applying IPSEC policy on many interfaces.
•
Description: Executing the command of display ipsec policy, router will randomly
reboot.
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P06
RTOD04370
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: Manage the FXS/FXO/EM interface of the router using IMC NMS.
•
Description: The status of the FXS/FXO/EM interface of the router can’t be shown at the
IMC.
RTOD04286
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: The router’s E1VI interface establishes the VOIP connection with PBX using
SIP protocol.
•
Description: The VOIP connection is closed normally, SIP disconnection message’s
reason value is wrong.
RTOD04356
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: The router startup the ISIS protocol, and it receives the checksum error LSP.
•
Description: The router will discard the checksum error LSP packet , and this will reduce
to the ISIS route surged.
RTOD04322
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: The SAE interface operating in DCE mode connects with the ATM machine
by SDLC link. The packages of the link are discarded occasionally.
•
Description: The service of the ATM machine may be corrupt.
RTOD04312
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: The router starts up reverse telnet function, and the router receives the FF
character from telnet client.
•
Description: The router doesn’t transfer FF character, and it results in that the packet
including FF character is passed through by error.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
54
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P04
RTOD04084
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: The router receives call with unrestricted digital information.
•
Description: The caller hears busytone when called from IP network to PSTN network,
the communication fail.
RTOD04064
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0303
•
Condition: The router receives call with unrestricted digital information.
•
Description: The caller hears busytone when called from IP network to PSTN network,
the communication fail.
RTOD03970
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P01
•
Condition: Channelizing T3 into T1.
•
Description: Although the line is normal, the result of display controller t3 randomly
gives warning message” Receiver alarm state is RAI”.
RTOD04202
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: DMC can support some new equipment.
•
Description: User needs to update http.zip.
RTOD04166
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: When sub-interface of Ethernet is down and router sends trap.
•
Description: The trap is wrong to display the sub-interface up.
RTOD04211
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
•
Condition: Applying NAT ALG on interface and forwarding SIP packets. When the sip
packet has some unrecognized characters, NAT ALG will add two blanks before and
after it.
•
Description: The receive equipment can not recognize this packet and application is
abnormal.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
55
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P03
RTOD03959
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: Applying VOIP on router and receiving more than one 18x messages. If the
200 responding message is without SDP.
•
Description: The negotiation of codec is failure so that the VOIP is failure.
RTOD03960
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: Applying VOIP on router and when the called is busy, router will directly
send ReleaseComplete message.
•
Description: The calling will not hear the busy tone.
RTOD03982
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0305
•
Condition: Configuring Ftp Server Enable and saving configuration.
•
Description: After router reboots, this configuration loses.
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306P01
RTOD03391
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: To do HWPING test and test type is TRACERT, when destination-ip is
unreachable and display HWPING result through test group-name.
•
Description: No test result is displayed.
RTOD03702
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: Router is configured NAT application and is used for forwarding video
traffic.
•
Description: When the video traffic can make this condition that is one NAT session is
corresponding with more than 2 fast-forward caches, the router will randomly reboot.
RTOD03747
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: Execute the ping operation on MPLS-L3VPN network over GRE tunnel.
•
Description: The memory leaks due to GRE keep alive packets.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
56
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
RTOD03721
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: Applying bridge template on router.
•
Description: The memory of router will leak and after a while, other applications on
router will not work normally.
RTOD03656
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: Router uses the MP-GROUP to forward traffic.
•
Description: The statistics of MP-GROUP interface is wrong.
RTOD03573
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: Applying policy routing on sub-interface, then deleting the sub-interface.
•
Description: The router will abnormally reboot.
RTOD03722
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: Router is as X.25 DCE. When it is in P7 status, router will not send clear-con
packets. So when the quality of link is not good, the packets sending by DTE is not
recognized.
•
Description: The link of X.25 will not be disconnected immediately until the timer is
timeout.
RTOD03582
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: The request packet sending by router before ARP age timeout is broadcast.
•
Description: It isn’t consistent with RFC, the packet should be unicast.
RTOD02910
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: The Ethernet interface without IP address joins to bridge-set.
•
Description: The state of interface's Protocol-link is not correct for the router.
RTOD03481
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0305
•
Condition: AR28 series router is connected with some equipment, and establish OSPF
neighbor under tunnel interface, when received OSPF packets are too big.
•
Description: The router‘s synchronous serial is up and down, router reboots
automatically.
RTOD03659
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: When using Huawei NMS software to set instance, the router will change
the instance name from capital letter to small letter.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
57
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
•
Description: The index for instance is changed, so router can not work with Huawei
NMS software.
RTOD03973
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
•
Condition: Router has been configured HWPING for jitter test and for jitter test, the
jitter-interval is not the default value. Version earlier than F0306 of software for router is
upgraded to F0306.
•
Description: The configuration for jitter-interval is missing and it should be changed into
interval.
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0306
RTOD03399
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0305
•
Condition: To Do HWPING jitter test.
•
Description: The statistics for Min/Max Positive SD/DS is not correct.
RTOD03429
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0305
•
Condition: To Do HWPING jitter codec test.
•
Description: The statistics for minimum ICPIF value is always zero in error.
RTOD03384
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0305
•
Condition: To Do HWPING jitter test.
•
Description: The statistics for Checked Num in reaction is not correct in some test types.
RTOD03423
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0305
•
Condition: To Do HWPING jitter test and walk all the nodes in h3cNqaReactionTable of
MIB.
•
Description: A dead circle appears when display nodes’ value.
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0305
RTOD03290
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0304
•
Condition: Configure LR on PPP MP and when using LR to do traffic shape.
•
Description: The interface doesn’t forward the packets correctly.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
58
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
RTOD03306
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0304
•
Condition: To Do HWPING jitter test.
•
Description: The value of "Receive response times" in HWPing threshold statistics is not
correct.
RTOD02361
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0304
•
Condition: Configure illegal value of threshold on primary interface or sub-interface
which was running X.25, then ping peer IP address.
•
Description: The former router reboots.
RTOD02751
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0304
•
Condition: Execute the command "reboot", input "no" to cancel the execution, then
when execute "display version" to check version information.
•
Description: The information of “System returned to ROM By <Reboot> Command” is
not correct.
RTOD02942
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0304
•
Condition: Bear L3VPN service over L2TP.
•
Description: The router generates inaccurate Fast-Forwarding entry and results in the
packet-forwarding fails.
RTOD02862
•
First found in internal release
•
Condition: Use ATM interface with IPOEOA mode and enable MPLS on the ATM
interface.
•
Description: MPLS L3VPN is abnormal and MPLS L3VPN packets can not be forwarded.
RTOD02932
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0304
•
Condition: Router uses encryption card to forward IPSEC packets and enable ip
fast-forwarding and encrypt-card fast-switch. When there is IPSEC traffic, execute the
command “reset ip fast-forwarding cache”.
•
Description: The router can not establish ip fast-forwarding cache.
RTOD02631
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0304
•
Condition: Configure lots of IP pools for DHCP server; telnet user of router deletes
many of the IP pools.
•
Description: The router will reboot randomly and abnormally.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
59
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
RTOD02881
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0304
•
Condition: The test type of HWPING is HTTP. When the destination-ip is domain and the
test is bound to VPN instance.
•
Description: The test failed.
RTOD03001
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0304
•
Condition: Apply X.25 on router and configure more SVC, some of which hold
container relationship. When router selects the SVC, and makes that the packets’
output interface is the same with input interface, the router can not realize this kind of
mistake, therefore the router will not search the following SVC.
•
Description: The packets will not be forwarded correctly though there is correct SVC
on router.
Resolved Problems in
AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0304
RTOD02311
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0303
•
Condition: Configure X.25 svc route under an interface, specify the output interface of
this svc route. When the display of the output interface is behind the input interface in
the configuration file, save configuration and reboot router.
•
Description: The configuration of this X.25 svc route cannot be reloaded.
RTOD02608
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0303
•
Condition: Configuring the command “snmp target-host”.
•
Description: This configuration can not be deleted.
RTOD02677
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0303
•
Condition: Doing HWPING jitter test with NE as HWPING server and testing the one-way
delay.
•
Description: Because of the different mechanism of time-stamp, the function of
one-way delay is wrong.
RTOD02679
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0303
•
Condition: Router uses TACACS and configures “authentication scheme
command-authorization domain” under user-interface VTY. User accesses router by
telnet.
•
Description: TACACS fails and user can not log in.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
60
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
RTOD02447
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0303
•
Condition: Startup the HWPING test and the test type of HWPING is jitter
icmp-timestamp. The test result is right only at the first time and the results of later tests
will display “operation sequence errors”.
•
Description: The display of “operation sequence error” is wrong and shows a wrong
test result for a right test.
RTOD02514
•
First found in AR28_AR46-CMW340-F0303
•
Condition: the queue of EF in FRTS is used to guarantee traffic delay.
•
Description: The delay of traffic can not get guarantee, so some real time service can
not receive a good effect.
Board Software Change Description
AR28 BOOTROM
AR28 BOOTROM V9.51
New Features
•
Feature 1: AR28 bootrom code optimization again.
AR28 BOOTROM V9.40
New Features
•
Feature 1: AR28 bootrom code optimization.
AR28 BOOTROM V9.26
New Features
•
Feature 1: Support MX29LV040CQC-90G and EN29LV040A bootrom chips.
AR28 BOOTROM V9.25
New Features
•
Feature 1: Support the new FE model, and can update version by the FE model’s
interface.
•
Feature 2: By the NET menu CTRL-L, the information in FLASH can be uploaded to PC in
bootrom.
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
61
H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
AR28 BOOTROM V9.23
Resolved Problems
•
Problem 1
•
Condition: The Ramaxel RoHs memory is inserted on AR2830/31; Kingston memory is
inserted on AR2831; two pieces of memory work on AR2831 under the BootRom 9.21
version.
•
Description: Since the load characteristic of the Ramaxel RoHs memory is increased,
some AR28 router cannot start normally; Some Kingston memory cannot read and
write correctly, the problem is about the drive capability setting of memory on some
AR28 router; If two pieces of memory work on AR28 BootRom 9.21, sometimes the
memory reads and writes abnormally under the normal temperature. The lower the
temperature is, the more abnormal the question is.
AR28 BOOTROM V9.22
Resolved Problems
•
Problem 1
•
Condition: This version changed the copyright to H3C.
•
Description: The old copyright was displayed in the menu of BootRom.
AR28 BOOTROM V9.21
Resolved Problems
•
Problem 1
•
Condition: Ramaxel‘s 128M memory was inserted in the farther slot from CPU on router
AR2831,
•
Description: Application program could not be updated.
E1VI/T1VI
E1VI/T1VI V4.6/7.6
Resolved Problems
•
Problem 1: RTOD02992
•
Condition: Reboot board.
•
Description: Reboot board and then router reboot.
E1VI/T1VI V4.5/7.5
New Features
•
Feature 1: Add E&M Auto Cut-Through function.
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Resolved Problems
•
Problem 1
•
Condition: The board applies to G711 decode and has called a long time.
•
Description: Board’s receive queue is overflow. console will output: “port=xxx,slot=xxx:
E1DataRecvQueue OVERFLOW!”.
E1VI/T1VI V4.3/7.3
New Features
•
Feature 1: CM signal detection and suppression are provided for E1VI board in
SG3(Super Group 3) facsimile.
Resolved Problems
•
Problem 1
•
Condition: EP dialed a router and the router dialed itself back through PSTN.
•
Description: The gateway access number could not be detected.
•
Problem 2
•
Condition: Multi-calls were initiated and G.729 codec was used.
•
Description: The established rate of calls was only about 60%.
•
Problem 3
•
Condition: Echo cancellation and out-of-band transmission were configured.
•
Description: The function of echo cancellation became abnormal and clear echo
could be heard in out-of-band transmission.
•
Problem 4
•
Condition: Multi-calls were in progress at the same time.
•
Description: Ring-back tone was abnormal.
E1VI/T1VI V4.0/7.0
New Features
•
Feature 1: The data of 2833 NTE is supported.
•
Feature 2: The detection for ANSam is supported
•
Feature 3: The detection for V21Flag is supported.
•
Feature 4: The threshold of detection for DTMF can be configured.
•
Feature 5: The sensitivity of detection for DTMF can be configured.
Resolved Problems
•
Problem 1(Unavailable in T1VI)
•
Condition: Under the model of R2, firstly, a call was established, then, the test of mass
calls began.
•
Description: The established call hanged up automatically,
• Problem 2(Unavailable in T1VI)
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
•
Condition: When u-law was configured under the model of R2, bidirectional calls
between E1VI and 2E1VI could not be established.
•
Description: The number could not be detected in both sides and bidirectional calls
could not be established.
•
Problem 3
•
Condition: When the E1VI interconnection was back to back and the codec was
G723, the call duration was long enough.
•
Description: The phenomenon of single pass generated.
2E1VI/2T1VI
2E1VI/2T1VI V1.6
Resolved Problems
•
Problem 1:RTOD02992
•
Condition: Reboot board.
•
Description: Reboot board and then router reboot.
2E1VI/2T1VI V1.5
New Features
•
Feature 1: Support E&M Auto Cut-Through function.
•
Feature 2: Support 2833 NTE function.
2E1VI/2T1VI V1.4
Resolved Problems
•
Problem 1
•
Condition: Dialing multi-line calls simultaneously and enabling iitter-buf function.
•
Description: The quality of data-call was bad and the ratio of error was upper 20%.
•
Problem 2
•
Condition: Communicated with modem that sending the signal likes V21.
•
Description: The board would detect the modem signal as V21 and the router would
switch to fax mistakenly.
•
Problem 3
•
Condition: One DSP processed G729 decode surpassing four lines and then processed
G723 decode.
•
Description: The quality of voice in upstream of DSP was bad.
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
2E1VI/2T1VI V1.3
New Features
•
Feature 1: The threshold of detection for DTMF can be configured.
•
Feature 2: The sensitivity of detection for DTMF can be configured.
Resolved Problems
•
Problem 1
•
Condition: When both ports of 2E1VI were up, one of the ports was shut down
manually.
•
Description: The other port was shut down inaccurately,
•
Problem 2
•
Condition: Both ports of 2E1VI were connected with ABACUS, and 2E1VI would reboot
when ABACUS rebooted.
•
Description: 2E1VI would receive plenty of bad packets and then reboot when
ABACUS rebooted.
•
Problem 3
•
Condition: 2E1VI was connected with ABACUS; the duration of the call initiated by
ABACUS was long enough.
•
Description: DSP rebooted.
•
Problem 4
•
Condition: Under the model of User-defined CPTone and extreme value of f1 and
f2 were configured.
•
Description: The frequency of actual signaling tone was false.
•
Problem 5
•
Condition: When FXO was connected with 2T1VI, the called S port connected with
FXO hanged up during a call.
•
Description: The busy tone of calling part was abnormal when the called S port
hanged up.
2E1VI/2T1VI V1.2
New Features
•
Feature 1: The codec of G.clear is supported. When the codec is G.clear, 2E1VI or
2T1VI will pass through voice data and none operation of codec will be executed.
•
Feature 2: The codec of G723 is supported.
Resolved Problems
•
Problem 1
•
Condition: Under the high temperature, writing flash was executed.
•
Description: In the HALT, router was abnormal and writing flash failed under the high
temperature.
•
Problem 2
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
•
Condition: Manufacture test for 2T1VI was executed.
•
Description: In the Manufacture test, 8 DSP kernels were tested while there were only 6
DSP kernels actually.
ADSL 7074
ADSL 7074 V2.2
Resolved Problems
•
Problem 1(RTOD00309)
•
Condition: The far end sends ATM packets that are longer than 1632 bytes.
•
Description: The issues caused router cannot receive these packets.
•
Problem 2(ORTD20488)
•
Condition: The router runs more than four days.
•
Description: The state of ADSL link cannot synchronize with interface, such as, pulled
out the ADSL cable, the state of interface cannot change to down, after a long time
the router can recover.
•
Problem 3(RTOD00010)
•
Condition: Configure OAM on a PVC using "OAM frequency" command, from the far
end's console issue "oamping" command on the corresponding PVC, OAM cells will be
transferred from the far end to the near end on the link.
•
Description: The near end inbound OAM cells statistics of ADSL interface is zero.
•
Problem 4(RTOD00008)
•
Condition: Link near end router with DSLAM via ADSL interface, link far end router with
DSLAM via ADSL interface, build a IP over ATM PVC connection between the two
devices. On the near end configure filter rules that can differentiate inbound packet
streams with CLP flag or not, on the far end apply QOS policy on the corresponding
PVC, configure QOS rules that direct the PVC outbound cells carrying CLP flag or not.
Ping several packets from the far end to the local end.
•
Description: The near end's inbound packet statistics carrying CLP flag or not does not
match the far end's corresponding outbound packet statistics.
•
Problem 5(ORTD19539)
•
Condition: Changed to Chinese mode, set the time interval of flow stat. is 5 seconds.
•
Description: By displaying flow stat. of ADSL interface, the time interval always is 300
seconds.
•
Problem 6(ORTD20984)
•
Condition: Configured VBR service over PVC , SMB sends 3000 packets in burst.
•
Description: The output-mbs parameter is not effective, all packets can pass through.
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Related Documentation
Documentation Set
Table 10 Documentation set
Document title
Version
Comware V3 Operation Manual-Release0201
(V3.10)
Comware V3 Command Manual-Release0201
(V3.10)
H3C AR 28 Series Routers Installation Manual
(V1.03)
H3C AR 46 Series Routers Installation Manual
(V1.03)
Low-End and Mid-Range Series Routers Interface Card and
Interface Module Manual
(V1.02)
Low-End and Mid-Range Series Routers Cable Manual
(V1.01)
Software Upgrading
CAUTION:
Upgrade software only when necessary and under the guidance of a technical support
engineer.
Software Upgrade for the AR28
Boot Menu
Start the router; when the message “Press Ctrl-B to enter Boot Menu ..........” appears, press
<Ctrl+B>. The console screen displays:
Please input bootrom password:
Enter the correct password void by default) to have the system enter Boot Menu:
Boot Menu:
1: Download application program with XMODEM
2: Download application program with NET
3: Set application file type
4: Display applications in Flash
5: Clear application super password
6: Reset console authentication
7: Start up and ignore configuration
8: Enter debugging environment
9: Boot Rom Operation Menu
a: Do not check the version of the software
b: Exit and reboot
Enter your choice1-b):
These options are described in sequence as follows:
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Download the application image with XMODEM. Refer to the subsection
“Upgrading Software through XMODEM” in this section.
Download the application image through Ethernet. Refer to the subsection
“Upgrading the application image through Ethernet” in this section. If you select
this option, the following Net Port Download Menu appears:
Net Port Download Menu:
1: Change Net Parameter
2: Download From Net To Flash
3: Download From Net To SDRAM And Run
4: Upload the current config file to PC
5: Exit to Main Menu
Enter your choice1-5):1
Set the type of the application image file to change the type of a boot file or order
in which the boot files are selected.
The router is available with the dual image function. By default, the system defines and
attempts to boot in order with three boot files: main, backup, and secure, provided they
are available from Flash memory. If the router fails to boot with the secure boot file, it
prompts the boot failure.
The following table gives default names and types of boot files.
Table 11 Default names and types of the boot files
Boot file
File name
File type
Main boot file
main.bin
M
Backup boot file
backup.bin
B
Secure boot file
secure.bin
S
Note that:
The application images for system boot can be type M, B and S, but not type N/A. You
can store them in Flash memory, but only one for each. For example, if an M or B file
exists, it is impossible to have another M or B file. If you change the file type of
another file to B, the M file and the B file become a type M file.
You can modify the file name of an application image in Flash memory using the
command after it boots.
You cannot modify the file type of a type S application image file, but you can modify
the file type of type M or B and N/A application image files in the Boot ROM menu or
using commands after the application image boots.
Secure boot file is the last resort for system boot. You can download it in the Boot ROM
menu and must name it secure.bin. However, you cannot modify this file or change
the type of another file to S. If you change the name of the secure boot file with the
rename command after the system boots, the file is removed from Flash memory. To
use the secure boot file after that, you need to download it again.
The name including the extension) assigned to a boot file is recommended to be less
than 16 characters.
Select <3> in Boot Menu. The console screen displays the following menu, provided four
application image files have existed in Flash memory:
M=MAIN
B=BACKUP
S=SECURE
**************************************************************************
NO.
Name
Size
Type
Time
1
main.bin
5988025
M
Oct/10/2002 10:10:10
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
2
backup.bin
5985198
B
Oct/10/2002 10:10:10
3
a.bin
987491
N/A
Oct/10/2002 10:10:10
4
secure.bin
5988022
S
Oct/10/2002 10:10:10
**************************************************************************
5
Exit to main menu
Enter your choice1-5):
3
In this menu select <3> for example to change the file type of a.bin. The console screen
displays:
Set this file as:
1.
Main
2.
Backup
3.
Exit
Enter your choice1-3):
1
To use a.bin as the main boot file, select <1> in this menu. Upon validation of the setting,
the file type of the original main boot file changes to N/A. Now, the a.bin file is the first boot
file.
Display applications in Flash memory.
Select <4> in Boot Menu. The console screen displays:
M=MAIN
B=BACKUP
S=SECURE
**************************************************************************
NO.
Name
Size
Type
Time
1
main.bin
5988025
N/A
Oct/10/2002 10:10:10
2
backup.bin
5985198
B
Oct/10/2002 10:10:10
3
a.bin
5987491
M
Oct/10/2002 10:10:10
4
s_system.bin
5988022
S
Oct/10/2002 10:10:10
**************************************************************************
There are <4> application files.
Press <Enter> key to continue
Press <Enter> to return to Boot Menu.
Clear the application super password.
Selecting this option allows you to access system view at a reboot. This, however, is a
one-time operation. You must provide the super password at subsequent reboots.
Clear console authentication.
This option allows you to log in from the console port without authentication.
Select the option; exit and then restart the router. The screen displays “Login authentication
ignored”, allowing you to log in from the console port without authentication.
Note that this is a one-time operation. It takes effect at a reboot. Console authentication is
required however at subsequent reboots.
Start up and ignore configuration.
Select <7> in Boot Menu. The system sets an Ignore flag to Flash memory and displays:
Flag set successfully.
Thus, empty configuration applies at reboot. The system removes the Ignore flag after its
boot completes.
In case you forget the password, you may select this option to have the router boot with
the configuration file ignored. After accessing the system, you may change or delete
the password. Note that if not saved, the modified configuration cannot survive a
reboot. To have the router reboot with the new configuration, you must perform the
save operation after completing configuration.
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Enter debugging environment in case of faults.
Enter the Boot ROM operation menu.
Select <9> to enter Boot ROM Download Menu as follows for upgrade, backup, or
recovery:
Boot ROM Download Menu:
1: Download Boot ROM with XModem
2: Download Extended Segment of Boot ROM with XModem
3: Restore Extended Segment of Boot ROM from FLASH
4: Backup Extended Segment of Boot ROM to FLASH
5: Exit to Main Menu
Enter your choice1-5):
a: Ignore software version check for backward compatibility. The likelihood exists
that your upgrade attempt fails even when you select the correct software version.
If the system prompts “invalid version” in this case, you can select <a> from Main
Menu to have the system skip version check during upgrade. This, however, works
only once; the system checks software version all the same at reboot.
Select <b> to exit and reboot the router.
NOTE:
• To enter Boot Menu, you must press <Ctrl+B> within three seconds after the
information “Press Ctrl-B to enter Boot Menu...” appears. Otherwise, the system starts
decompressing images. To re-enter the menu after that, you must reboot the router.
Upgrading Software through XMODEM
When upgrading software through XMODEM, you can directly use the console port without
building up another configuration environment.
Upgrading the application image
Step 1: Enter Boot Menu refer back to the subsection “Boot Menu”, press <1> to select the
XMODEM protocol for downloading the application image. The following download
speeds are available with the router:
Please choose your download speed:
1: 9600 bps
2: 19200 bps
3: 38400 bps
4: 57600 bps
5: 115200 bps
6: Exit and reboot
Enter your choice1-6):
Step 2: Select an appropriate download speed, <5> for 115200 bps for example. The
console screen displays:
Download speed is 115200 bps. Change the terminal's speed to 115200 bps, and select XModem
protocol. Press ENTER key when ready.
Step 3: Change the baud rate on the console terminal to the software download speed,
115200 bps in this example. After that, select [Dial-in/Disconnect] and then [Dial-in/Dialing]
to disconnect and reconnect the terminal. Press <Enter> to start downloading. The console
screen displays:
Please Select Program File
Downloading ... CCCCC
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
NOTE:
• To validate the new baud rate set on the console terminal, you must disconnect and
then reconnect the terminal emulation program.
Step 4: Select [Transfer/Send file…] in the HyperTerminal window. The following window
pops up:
Figure 1 Send File dialog box
Step 5: In the displayed Send file dialog box, click <Browse…> to select the application
image file to be downloaded, and select XMODEM for the Protocol field. Then click <Send>.
The following interface appears:
Figure 2 Sending File interface
Step 6: After completing download, the system begins writing to Flash memory and upon its
completion outputs the following information:
Download completed.
For an AR 28 series router, the system also prompts you to select file type upon completion
of downloading.
please select file to be saved as
1. main application file
2. backup application file
3. secure application file
4. cancel downloading
Enter your choice1-4):
The system starts writing to Flash memory after you enter your choice and displays:
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Writing to flash memory...
Please wait,it needs a long time .Please wait...
########################################################
Writing FLASH Success.
Please use 9600 bps.Press <ENTER> key to reboot the system.
Restore the baud rate of the console terminal to 9600 bps as prompted, disconnect the
terminal and dial again. Then, you can see the system boot banner.
Upgrading the entire Boot ROM image
Step 1: Enter Boot Menu, and select <9> to enter Boot ROM Download Menu as follows:
Boot ROM Download Menu:
1: Download Boot ROM with XModem
2: Download Extended Segment of Boot ROM with XModem
3: Restore Extended Segment of Boot ROM from FLASH
4: Backup Extended Segment of Boot ROM to FLASH
5: Exit to Main Menu
Enter your choice1-5):
Step 2: Select <1> in Boot ROM Download Menu to download the Boot ROM image
through XMODEM. Multiple download speeds are available. The subsequent steps are the
same as those described in the item “Upgrading the application image” in this subsection.
CAUTION:
• You are recommended to upgrade the entire Boot ROM program only when necessary
and with the guide of technical staff, because no means is available for on-field
recovery in case of an upgrade failure.
Upgrading the extended segment of the Boot ROM image
Step 1: Enter Boot Menu, select <9> to enter Boot ROM Download Menu.
Step 2: Select <2> in the menu to upgrade the extended segment of the Boot ROM image
through XMODEM. Multiple speed options are available. The subsequent steps are the
same as those described in the item “Upgrading the application image” in this subsection.
CAUTION:
• This upgrade approach upgrades only a portion of the Boot ROM image, so you can
make a second attempt once errors occur.
Backing up and restoring the extended segment of the
Boot ROM image
Back up the extended segment of the Boot ROM image to Flash memory
Step 1: Enter Boot Menu, select <9> to enter Boot ROM Download Menu.
Step 2: In Boot ROM Download Menu, select <4> to copy the current extended segment to
Flash memory.
Backup Extended Segment, are you sure?[Y/N]
Enter <Y>. For a successful backup, the console screen displays:
Writing to FLASH.Please wait...####
Backuping Boot ROM program to FLASH successed!
Step 3: When Boot ROM Download Menu appears again, select <5> to and reboot the
router.
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Restore the extended segment of the Boot ROM image from Flash memory
In case faults occur to the extended segment or the upgrade is done inadvertent, take
these steps to restore the extended segment of the Boot ROM image from Flash memory to
the Boot ROM:
Step 1: Enter Boot Menu, select <9> to enter Boot ROM Download Menu.
Step 2: In Boot ROM Download Menu, select <3> to restore the extended segment from
Flash memory.
Restore Extended Segment, are you sure?[Y/N]
Enter <Y>. The system starts restoring and if successful displays:
Writing to Boot ROM.Please wait...######
Restoring Boot ROM program successed!
Step 3: When Boot ROM Download Menu appears again, select <5> to exit and reboot the
router.
Upgrading the application image through Ethernet
Upgrading the application image through Ethernet or with NET as described in Boot Menu)
is to download using an Ethernet interface. In this approach, the router is TFTP or FTP Client
and needs connecting to TFTP or FTP Server using a particular Ethernet interface. On the AR
28-09/28-10/28-11/28-12/28-13/28-14/28-30/28-31, this interface must be Ethernet 0/0, the
first fixed Ethernet interface. On the AR 28-40/28-80, this interface is the first detected
Ethernet interface, for example, Ethernet 1/0, the first Ethernet interface in SLOT 1 in case no
Ethernet interface module is installed in SLOT 0.
CAUTION:
• No TFTP/FTP Server is available with the AR 28 series. You must install one yourself.
Start TFTP or FTP Server on the PC connected to the Ethernet interface on the router
and set the path for getting the source file. Given FTP Server, you need to set user
name and password in addition.
In Boot Menu, select <2> to enter Net Port Download Menu as follows:
Net Port Download Menu:
1: Change Net Parameter
2: Download From Net To Flash
3: Download From Net To SDRAM And Run
4: Exit to Main Menu
Enter your choice1-4):1
In Net Port Download Menu, select <1> for example to change the download
parameters as follows:
Change Boot Parameter:
'.' = clear field; '-' = go to previous field;
boot device
: fei0
processor number
: 0
host name
: 8040
file name
: M8240ram.arj
inet on ethernet e) : 169.254.10.10
inet on backplane b):
host inet h)
: 169.254.10.11
gateway inet g)
:
user u)
: 8040
ftp password pw) blank = use rsh):
flags f)
: 0x0
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
target name tn)
startup script s)
other o)
:
:
:
When upgrading with TFTP, set these parameters:
file name: Name of the file to be downloaded
inet on ethernet e): IP address of the Ethernet interface for downloading
host inet h): IP address of TFTP Server
flags f): 0x80
target name tn): Name for the file to be saved on Flash memory. If no name is provided,
the one used for the last upgrade is used. If the file name already exists, the following
message appears after the file is downloaded asking whether you need to overwrite the
original file:
Loading...done
11162108 bytes downloaded.
flash:/main.bin already exist.
Overwrite it?Y/N):
Enter <Y> to overwrite the original file or <N> to return to the Net Port Download Menu.
When upgrading with FTP, set these parameters:
file name: Name of the file to be downloaded
inet on ethernet e): IP address of the Ethernet interface for downloading
host inet h): IP address of FTP Server
user u): User name, same as the one configured at FTP Server.
ftp password pw) blank = use rsh): Password, which must be consistent with that at FTP
Server
flags f): 0x0
target name tn): Name for the file to be saved on Flash memory. If no name is provided,
the one used for the last upgrade is used. If the file name already exists, the following
message appears after the file is downloaded asking whether you need to overwrite the
original file:
Loading...done
11162108 bytes downloaded.
flash:/main.bin already exist.
Overwrite it?Y/N):
Enter <Y> to overwrite the original file or <N> to return to the Net Port Download Menu.
After you configure these parameters, the system saves them automatically.
Press <Enter> to return to Net Port Download Menu, and there select <2>. The
console screen displays:
boot device
: fei
unit number
: 0
processor number
: 0
host name
: 8040
file name
: Q8040.BIN
inet on ethernet e) : 10.110.27.235
host inet h)
: 10.110.27.231
user u)
: 8040
ftp password pw)
: 8040
flags f)
: 0x80
Attached TCP/IP interface to fei0.
Subnet Mask: 0xfffff800
Attaching network interface lo0... done.
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Loading...
NET download completed...
read len = [04378489]
Please wait,it needs a long time
###################################################################################
#####################################################
###########################
Writing Vrpsoftware File Succeeds!
Press <Enter> to reboot the system.
The router can serve as FTP Server when loading CMW3.4. You can run FTP Client to upload
or download the files of application image, Boot ROM image, and configuration. See
Operation Manual.
Software Upgrade for the AR46 of the RPU
Boot Menu
Software maintenance uses the main Boot ROM menu and the small Boot ROM menu, for
downloading and booting the application image and the main Boot ROM system
respectively.
Build up a configuration environment according to the section”Setting up a Configuration
Environment” in the chapter “Starting and Configuring the Router”. Start the router; the
console screen displays:
Do you want to go on checking sdram? Yes or not(Y/N)
Enter <N>. The screen displays:
Press CTRL+A to Stop AutoBoot!
Starting...
Press <Ctrl+A> within five seconds after the message “Starting...” appears. Then the system
enters the small Boot ROM menu.
NOTE:
• To enter the small Boot ROM menu, you must press <Ctrl+A> within five seconds after
the message “Starting…” appears. Otherwise, the system directly enters the main Boot
ROM menu if system check is passed.
• If you do not press <Ctrl+A> then, the system checks the code of the main system after
the small system boots. If error occurs during system check or for some other reason, the
system which otherwise enters the main Boot ROM menu enters the small Boot ROM
menu.
Small Boot ROM menu
After the system enters the small Boot ROM menu, the console screen displays:
============<SMALL-BOOTROM MENU(Ver
1.07)>=============
| <1> Modify Serial Interface Parameter
|
| <2> Update Main Bootrom
|
| <3> Boot main system
|
===========================================================
Enter your choice(1-3):
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Modify the serial interface parameters
Step 1: Enter <1> in the small Boot ROM menu. The screen displays:
========================<BAUDRATE SET>=========================
|Note:
Change The HyperTerminal's Baudrate Accordingly.
|
|-----------------------<BaudrateAvaliable>------------------ |
| <1> 9600(Default)
|
| <2> 19200
|
| <3> 38400
|
| <4> 57600
|
| <5> 115200
|
================================================================
Enter Your Choice(1-5):
The default baud rate of the serial port is 9600 bps. By changing it to a higher baud rate,
you can save the file downloading time.
Step 2: Select a higher baud rate, <5> for 115200 bps for example, and press <Enter>. The
screen displays:
Enter your choice(1-5): 5
Change The BaudRate On PC Side First!
Step 3: In the HyperTerminal window, select [File/Properties]. In the popup dialog box click
<Configure…>. In the popup dialog box, set the baud rate, 115200 for example, and click
<OK>. For more information, refer to the subsection “Setting terminal parameters” in the
section “Setting up a Configuration Environment” in the chapter “Starting and Configuring
the Router”.
Step 4: Disconnect and redial to validate new parameters.
The Current BaudRate is 115200
Figure 3 Disconnect the system
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Figure 4 Redial to validate serial interface parameters
NOTE:
• Restore the baud rate in the HyperTerminal to 9600 bps (the default) after upgrading
the Boot ROM. This is to ensure that information can be displayed on the console screen
after system boot or reboot.
Upgrade the main Boot ROM system (the main Boot ROM) through the serial port
Enter <2> in the small Boot ROM menu and choose to upgrade the main Boot ROM system
through Xmodem. Refer to the subsection “Upgrading the main Boot ROM system” in the
section “Upgrading Image Files Using Xmodem”.
Boot the main Boot ROM system
Enter <3> in the small Boot ROM menu. The system copies the files from the main Boot ROM
system to the SDRAM, and there decompresses and boots them. After that, the system
starts the main Boot ROM menu.
Main Boot ROM menu
After the system enters the main Boot ROM system, the console screen displays:
*******************************************************
*
*
* Switching Routing Platform AR46 Bootrom, Ver5.19
*
*
*
*******************************************************
Copyright(C) 1998-2005 by HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.,LTD.
CPU type
: IBM750FX
CPU L2 Cache
: 512KB
CPU Clock Speed : 733MHz
Memory Size
: 256MB
Press Ctrl+B to enter Boot Menu... 0
To enter the main Boot ROM menu, press <Ctrl+B> as prompted.
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NOTE:
• To enter the main Boot ROM menu, press <Ctrl+B> within four seconds after startup;
otherwise the system boots with the default mode.
Then the system displays:
password:
You have three chances to provide the correct Boot ROM password (the initial setting is
void). If you fail to do that, you need to reboot the system. After you enter the correct
password, the console screen displays:
MAIN
MENU
=====================<MAIN-BOOTROM MENU>====================
| <1> Boot With Default Mode
|
| <2> Boot From Flash
|
| <3> Enter Serial SubMenu
|
| <4> Enter Ethernet SubMenu
|
| <5> Boot File Control
|
| <6> Modify Bootrom Password
|
| <7> Reset Console Authentication
|
| <8> Ignore System Configuration
|
| <9> Enter Debugging Enviroment
|
| <a> Reboot
|
============================================================
Enter your choice (1-a): _
NOTE:
• If Flash memory is used the first time, the Flash file system formats it when reading or
writing the Flash file and displays the following information:
Formatting Flash, please waiting several minutes...done.
Boot the main image with the default mode
Enter <1> in the main Boot ROM menu to boot with the default mode. The system
downloads the main image to the SDRAM, and there decompresses and runs it. The
console screen displays:
Boot With Default Mode
Booting From Flash...
The Boot File is < flash:/main.bin >
NOTE:
• Currently the AR 46 series only supports to boot from Flash memory.
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Boot the application image from Flash memory
Enter <2> in the main Boot ROM menu to boot from Flash memory. The system downloads
the application image to the SDRAM, and there decompresses and runs it. The console
screen displays:
Booting from Flash
Decompress Image..................................OK!
Starting at ...
Enter the serial sub-menu
Enter <3> in the main Boot ROM menu to enter the serial sub-menu. The console screen
displays:
Boot From Serial Port
======================<SERIAL SUB-MENU>========================
| <1> Download Program To SDRAM And Run
|
| <2> Download Main Boot File To Flash
|
| <3> Change Boot Parameter
|
| <4> Exit To Main Menu
|
===============================================================
Enter your choice(1-4): _
Enter <1> to have the system download the application image to the SDRAM through
the serial interface using Xmodem, and there decompress and run it.
CAUTION:
• An application loaded this way runs directly without being saved to Flash memory.
When the router reboots, the loaded application is still the old version. Therefore, use
this upgrade method with caution.
Enter <2> to have the system download the main boot file to Flash memory using
Xmodem.
Enter <3> to modify the baud rate of the serial port on the RPU. The console screen
displays:
========================<BAUDRATE SET>=======================
|Note:
Change The HyperTerminal's Baudrate Accordingly.
|
|-------------------<BaudrateAvaliable>-----------------------|
| <1> 9600(Default)
|
| <2> 19200
|
| <3> 38400
|
| <4> 57600
|
| <5> 115200
|
===============================================================
Enter Your Choice(1-5):
The default baud rate of the serial port is 9600 bps. You can change it to a higher baud
rate, 115200 for example by entering <5>. The console screen displays:
Enter your choice(1-5): 5
Change The BaudRate On PC Side First!
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Change the baud rate of the console terminal. Disconnect the system and redial to
validate the new baud rate. Refer back to the item “Modify the serial interface
parameters” in the subsection “Small Boot ROM menu” in this section.
Enter <4> in the serial sub-menu to return to the main Boot ROM menu.
Enter the Ethernet sub-menu
Enter <4> in the main Boot ROM menu to access the Ethernet sub-menu. The console
screen displays:
=======================<NETWORK SUB-MENU>======================
| <1> Download Program To SDRAM And Run
|
| <2> Download Main Boot File To Flash
|
| <3> Download Backup Boot File To Flash
|
| <4> Download Secure Boot File To Flash
|
| <5> Change Boot Parameter
|
| <6> Upload Config File To PC
| <7> Exit To Main Menu
|
|
| <Be Sure To Modify Parameter Before Downloading! >
|
===============================================================
Enter your choice(1-7):
Enter <1>to have the system download the application image directly to the SDRAM
and run it there. The file is not written to Flash memory however and as a result
cannot survive a reboot.
CAUTION:
• An application loaded this way runs directly without being saved to Flash memory.
When the router reboots, the loaded application is still the old version. Therefore, use
this upgrade method with caution.
Enter <2>, <3>, or <4> to have the system download the main boot file, backup boot file,
or secure boot file from the connected host to Flash memory through the Ethernet
port.
The system attempts booting with the three files in the order of main, backup, and secure. If
it fails to boot with the secure boot file, it prompts the boot failure.
The following table gives default names and types of the boot files.
Table 12 Default names and types of the boot files
Boot file
File name
File type
Main boot file
main.bin
M
Backup boot file
backup.bin
B
Secure boot file
secure.bin
S
Enter <5> to change the boot parameters. The console terminal displays:
Change boot parameter through net port
Note: Two protocols for download, tftp & ftp.
You can modify the flags following the menu.
tftp--0x80, ftp--0x0.
Available Boot Device: [wancom]
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'.' = clear field;
'-' = go to previous field;
boot device
: wancom
^D = quit
←Ethernet device name
processor number
: 0
host name
: host
file name
: c:/share/main ←Host file name
inet on ethernet (e)
control board
: 192.168.0.90
inet on backplane (b)
host inet (h)
:
: 192.168.0.91
gateway inet (g)
user (u)
←IP address of the Ethernet port on the main
←Host IP address
:
: user
←FTP username
ftp password (pw) (blank = use rsh)
flags (f)
: password
←FTP user password
: 0x0(FTP)/0x80(TFTP) ←File transfer type
target name (tn)
:main.bin
startup script (s)
:
other (o)
:
Enter a name behind the target name (tn) prompt for the file to be saved on Flash memory.
Alternatively, you may choose not to enter any name and use the file name used for the
last upgrade instead. If the file name already exists on Flash memory, the following
message appears after the file is downloaded asking whether you need to overwrite the
original file:
Loading...done
11162108 bytes downloaded.
flash:/main.bin already exist.
Overwrite it?(Y/N):
Enter <Y> to overwrite the original file or <N> to return to the Ethernet sub-menu.
Enter <6> in the Ethernet sub-menu to upload local configuration file to PC through
Ethernet interface.
Enter <7> in the Ethernet sub-menu to return to the main Boot ROM menu.
Enter the boot file control sub-menu
Enter <5> in the main Boot ROM menu to enter the boot file control sub-menu. The console
screen displays:
Boot file control.
=====================<BOOT FILE CONTROL>===============
| <1> Display Available Boot File
|
| <2> Set Main Boot File
|
| <3> Set Backup Boot File
|
| <4> Exit To Main Menu
|
=======================================================
Enter your choice(1-4):
Enter <1> to view the available boot files:
Available boot file(s):
'M' = MAIN, 'B' = BACKUP, 'S' = SECURE
------------------------------------------------------------[No.]
[Type]
[Date]
[Time]
[Size] [Name]
1
M
Apr/12/2003 00:38:29 5534020 main.bin
2
B
Mar/17/2004 11:27:43 5865492 backup.bin
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3
S
Apr/04/2003 23:09:24 5749340 secure.bin
4
N/A
Apr/04/2003 23:09:24 5749340 router.bin
------------------------------------------------------------Press <Enter> to continue.
Press any key to return to the boot file control sub-menu.
Note that:
The application images for system boot can be type M, B and S, but not type N/A. You can
store them in Flash memory, but only one for each. For example, if an M+B file exists, it is
impossible to have another M or B file. If you change the file type of another file to B, the
M+B file becomes a type M file.
You can modify the file name of an application image in Flash memory using the
command after it boots. For more information, refer to Operation Manual – System
Management.
You cannot modify the file type of the type S application image file, but you can modify
the file type of type M/B and N/A application image files in the Boot ROM menu or using
commands after the application image boots.
Secure boot file is the last system boot resort. You can download it in the Boot ROM menu
and must name it secure.bin. However, you cannot modify this file or change the type of
another file to S. If you change the name of the secure boot file with the rename
command after the system boots, the file is removed from Flash memory. To use the secure
boot file after that, you need to download it again.
Enter <2> in the boot file control sub-menu to set the main boot file. The console screen
displays:
Input main boot file name router.bin
Set main boot file successfully!
Enter <3> in the boot file control sub-menu to set the backup boot file. The console
screen displays:
Input backup boot file name router.bin
Set backup boot file successfully!
Enter <4> in the boot file control sub-menu to return to the main Boot ROM menu.
Modify the Boot ROM password
Enter <6> in the main Boot ROM menu. The console screen displays:
old password:
New password:
Verify:
Write password to Flash...OK
NOTE:
• Either failure to provide the correct old password or new password inconsistency can
fail a password modification attempt. The system then exits from this operation.
Reset console authentication
Enter <7> in the main Boot ROM menu. Exit and then restart the router. The screen displays
“Login authentication ignored”, allowing you to log in from the console port without
authentication.
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Note that this is a one-time operation. It takes effect only at the first reboot after resetting
console authentication is selected. At subsequent reboots, console authentication is
required.
Ignore the system configuration
Enter <8> in the main Boot ROM menu. The system sets an Ignore flag to Flash memory and
displays:
Flag set successfully.
Thus, empty configuration applies at reboot. The system removes the Ignore flag after its
boot is completed.
In case you forget the password, you may select this option to have the system boot with
the configuration file ignored. After the system boots up, you may change or delete the
password. Note that if not saved, the modified configuration cannot survive a reboot. To
have the router reboot with the new configuration, you must perform the save operation
after completing configuration.
Enter debugging environment when the system is operating abnormally.
a) Reboot the system
Enter <a> in the main Boot ROM menu to have the system reboot. The console screen
displays:
Rebooting...
Upgrading Image Files Using Xmodem
Upgrading the main Boot ROM system
Take these steps to upgrade the main Boot ROM system:
Step 1: Connect the console terminal.
Step 2: Start the router and press <Ctrl+A> within five seconds after the message "Starting…"
appears to enter the small Boot ROM menu.
Step 3: Change the baud rate of the serial port on the RPU to a higher value. Refer back to
“Modify the serial interface parameters” in the subsection “Small Boot ROM menu” in the
section “Boot Menu”.
NOTE:
•
The default baud rate of the serial port on the RPU is 9600 bps. Skip this step if you do
not want to modify it; but if you change it, note to reset it to 9600 bps after file transfer is
completed.
Step 4: Enter <2> in the small Boot ROM menu to have the system download the image file
from the console terminal to the SDRAM using Xmodem. If system check is passed, the
system begins to upgrade the Boot Rom image. The console screen displays:
Please Select File.
XMODEM downloading ...CC
Step 5: Select [Transfer/Send file…] in the HyperTerminal window when the above
information appears, as shown in the following figure.
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Figure 5 Select to send file
In the displayed Send file dialog box, select Xmodem for the Protocol field and type the
path and name of the image file in the Filename field. Then click <Send>. If the terminal is
not ready yet, press <Ctrl+X> to quit downloading.
Figure 6 Set Send File parameters
Step 6: The HyperTerminal window displays the following information after you click
<Send>:
Figure 7 Load a image file using Xmodem
When the load is completed, the system prompts
XMODEM downloading ...CC download successfully!
Update Bootrom...done!
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NOTE:
• Upgrading may fail if an erroneous file is downloaded. Excluding the time to download
the file, it takes about 10 seconds upgrading the main Boot ROM system.
Upgrading the application image
Downloading application image through a serial port is easy, but at low speed.
Take these steps to upgrade the application image:
Step 1: Connect the console terminal.
Step 2: Change the baud rate of the serial port on the RPU to a higher value. Refer back to
“Modify the serial interface parameters” in the subsection “Small Boot ROM menu” in the
section “Boot Menu”.
NOTE:
• The default baud rate of the serial port on the RPU is 9600 bps. Skip this step if you do not
want to modify it; but if you change it, note to reset it to 9600 bps after file transfer is
completed.
Step 3: Start the router and enter the main system. Press <Ctrl+B> when the system prompts
“Press Ctrl+B to enter Boot Menu... 3”. Input the correct password to enter the main Boot
ROM menu.
Step 4: Select <3> in the main Boot ROM menu to enter the serial sub-menu.
Step 5: In the serial sub-menu, select <1> to download and run the application image (note
that this does not save the application image to Flash memory), or select <2> to download
it to Flash memory.
Step 6: Select the application image file and the Xmodem protocol in the Send File window
in the HyperTerminal. See Step 5 in the previous subsection.
Step 7: Send the file. See Step 6 in the previous subsection.
Step 8: If you select <1> in the serial port sub-menu, the application image runs
immediately after it is loaded; if you select <2>, the system returns to Main Menu and boots
from Flash memory after the write to Flash operation is done.
NOTE:
• Upon completion of application image upgrade, the router reboots and checks Boot
ROM version for consistency before starting the CMW software. If the version of the
current extended Boot ROM image segment is not the same as that of the extended
segment to be started, the system automatically updates the Boot ROM image, and
displays “Update main bootrom. Updating...done. System will reboot…” Then, it
reboots again.
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Upgrading the Application Image through an Ethernet
Port
Through an Ethernet port, you can upgrade the application image at high speed using FTP
or TFTP, but you need to prepare FTP Server or TFTP Server. The following subsections
describe the upgrading procedures:
Setting up an upgrade environment
Figure 8 Set up an FTP/TFTP upgrade environment
LAN/WAN
Quidway AR46-20
(FTP/TFTP Client)
PC (FTP/TFTP Server)
Follow these steps to set up an application image upgrading environment:
Connect Ethernet port 0/0/0 on the RPU to a PC by using a crossover cable.
CAUTION:
• Only Ethernet port 0/0/0 is available for upgrading.
Connect the console port on the router to an external console terminal (it can be the PC
connected to the Ethernet port), and configure the HyperTerminal with reference to the
subsection “Connecting the router to a console terminal” in the section “Setting up a
Configuration Environment”.
Copy the new application image file to the designated directory and configure the IP
address of the Ethernet port on the PC.
Running TFTP Server or FTP Server
Start TFTP or FTP Server and set a path for the target file. Given FTP Server, you should also
set user name and password.
NOTE:
•
No FTP/TFTP Server is available with the Quidway series. You must make sure that they
are available yourself.
Configuring the router
Follow these steps to configure your router:
Start the router and press <Ctrl+B> to enter the main Boot ROM menu.
Refer to the subsection “Upgrade the main Boot ROM system (the main Boot ROM)
through the serial port
Enter <2> in the small Boot ROM menu and choose to upgrade the main Boot ROM system
through Xmodem. Refer to the subsection “Upgrading the main Boot ROM system” in the
section “Upgrading Image Files Using Xmodem”.
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Boot the main Boot ROM system
Enter <3> in the small Boot ROM menu. The system copies the files from the main Boot ROM
system to the SDRAM, and there decompresses and boots them. After that, the system
starts the main Boot ROM menu.
Main Boot ROM menu” in the section “Boot Menu”.
Select <4> in the main Boot ROM menu to enter the Ethernet sub-menu.
Select <5> in the Ethernet sub-menu to set parameters of the Ethernet port.
For TFTP upgrading, set the following parameters:
file name: Name of the file to be downloaded
inet on ethernet (e): IP address of the downloading port on the router, which is user-defined
and cannot conflict with the addresses of the connected network devices.
host inet (h): IP address of TFTP Server
flags (f): 0x80.
For FTP upgrading, set the following parameters:
file name: Name of the file to be downloaded
inet on ethernet (e): IP address of the downloading port on the router, which is user-defined
and cannot conflict with addresses of the connected network devices.
host inet (h): IP address of FTP Server
user (u): username, same as the one configured at FTP Server.
ftp password (pw) (blank = use rsh); password, which should be consistent with that at FTP
Server.
flags (f): 0x0.
NOTE:
•
FTP user name and password in the main Boot ROM menu must be the same as those
configured on FTP Server.
Select <1> in the Ethernet sub-menu to download and run the application image (note
that this does not save the application image to Flash memory). The console screen
displays:
Attached TCP/IP interface to wancom0.
Subnet Mask: 0xfffffc00
Attaching network interface lo0... done.
Loading...done
8619044 bytes downloaded.
Decompressing.....................................
After the decompression operation completes, the system starts to boot. Since the
downloaded application image is not saved to Flash memory, it cannot survive a reboot.
Alternatively, you can do these: Select <2>, <3>, or <4> in the Ethernet sub-menu at this
step to download the application image as the boot file, main, backup, or secure, to Flash
memory; select <6> in the Ethernet sub-menu to return to the main Boot ROM menu; and
select <2> in the menu to run the new application image.
Now software upgrade is finished.
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NOTE:
•
Upon completion of application image upgrade, the router reboots and checks Boot
ROM version for consistency before starting the CMW software. If the version of the
current extended Boot ROM image segment is not the same as that of the extended
segment to be started, the system automatically updates the Boot ROM image, and
displays “Update main bootrom. Updating...done. System will reboot…” Then, it
reboots again.
Software Upgrade for the AR46 of the
ERPU/ERPU(H)
Boot Menu
The ERPU and the ERPU(H) share the same Boot Menu, which is covered in this section.
Start the router; when the message “Press Ctrl-B to enter Boot Menu ..........” appears, press
<Ctrl+B>. The console screen displays:
Please input bootrom password:
Enter the correct password (void by default) to have the system enter Boot Menu:
Boot Menu:
1:
Download application program with XMODEM
2:
Download application program with NET
3:
Download application program with NET to CF card
4:
Set application file type
5:
Display applications in Flash
6:
Clear application configuration
7:
Reset console authentication
8:
Start up and ignore configuration
9:
Boot Rom Operation Menu
a:
Do not check the version of the software
b:
Start application program
c:
Format CF card
d:
Exit and reboot
Enter your choice(1-d):
NOTE:
•
"The entire Boot ROM image file” in the manual includes two segments: extended and
basic. You can separately upgrade and back up the extended segment.
These options are described in sequence as follows:
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Download an application image using Xmodem. Refer to the section “Upgrading Software
Using Xmodem”.
Download an application image using Ethernet. Refer to the section “Upgrading the
Application Image Using TFTP” for the procedures. If you select this option, the following Net
Port Download Menu appears:
Net Port Download Menu:
1:
Change Net Parameter
2:
Download From Net to Flash
3:
Download From Net to Ram
4:
Exit to Main Menu
Enter your choice(1-4):1
Download an application image from the network to the CF card. For the procedures,
refer to the section “Upgrading the Application Image Using TFTP”. If you select this option,
the following Net Port Download Menu appears:
Net Port Download Menu:
1:
Change Net Parameter
2:
Download From Net to CF
3:
Download From Net to Ram
4:
Exit to Main Menu
Enter your choice(1-4):
Set the type of the application image file to change the boot file selection order or type of
a boot file.
The dual image function is available with the router. By default, the system defines and
attempts to boot in order with three boot files: main, backup, and secure. If it fails to boot
with the secure boot file, it prompts the boot failure.
For more information on the boot files, refer back to the subsection “Upgrade the
main Boot ROM system (the main Boot ROM) through the serial port
Enter <2> in the small Boot ROM menu and choose to upgrade the main Boot ROM system
through Xmodem. Refer to the subsection “Upgrading the main Boot ROM system” in the
section “Upgrading Image Files Using Xmodem”.
Boot the main Boot ROM system
Enter <3> in the small Boot ROM menu. The system copies the files from the main Boot ROM
system to the SDRAM, and there decompresses and boots them. After that, the system
starts the main Boot ROM menu.
Main Boot ROM menu” in the section “Start TFTP or FTP Server on the PC connected to the
Ethernet interface on the router and set the path for getting the source file. Given FTP
Server, you need to set user name and password in addition.
In Boot Menu, select <2> to enter Net Port Download Menu as follows:
Net Port Download Menu:
1: Change Net Parameter
2: Download From Net To Flash
3: Download From Net To SDRAM And Run
4: Exit to Main Menu
Enter your choice1-4):1
In Net Port Download Menu, select <1> for example to change the download
parameters as follows:
Change Boot Parameter:
'.' = clear field;
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'-' = go to previous field;
^D = quit
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
boot device
: fei0
processor number
: 0
host name
: 8040
file name
: M8240ram.arj
inet on ethernet e) : 169.254.10.10
inet on backplane b):
host inet h)
: 169.254.10.11
gateway inet g)
:
user u)
: 8040
ftp password pw) blank = use rsh):
flags f)
: 0x0
target name tn)
:
startup script s)
:
other o)
:
When upgrading with TFTP, set these parameters:
file name: Name of the file to be downloaded
inet on ethernet e): IP address of the Ethernet interface for downloading
host inet h): IP address of TFTP Server
flags f): 0x80
target name tn): Name for the file to be saved on Flash memory. If no name is provided,
the one used for the last upgrade is used. If the file name already exists, the following
message appears after the file is downloaded asking whether you need to overwrite the
original file:
Loading...done
11162108 bytes downloaded.
flash:/main.bin already exist.
Overwrite it?Y/N):
Enter <Y> to overwrite the original file or <N> to return to the Net Port Download Menu.
When upgrading with FTP, set these parameters:
file name: Name of the file to be downloaded
inet on ethernet e): IP address of the Ethernet interface for downloading
host inet h): IP address of FTP Server
user u): User name, same as the one configured at FTP Server.
ftp password pw) blank = use rsh): Password, which must be consistent with that at FTP
Server
flags f): 0x0
target name tn): Name for the file to be saved on Flash memory. If no name is provided,
the one used for the last upgrade is used. If the file name already exists, the following
message appears after the file is downloaded asking whether you need to overwrite the
original file:
Loading...done
11162108 bytes downloaded.
flash:/main.bin already exist.
Overwrite it?Y/N):
Enter <Y> to overwrite the original file or <N> to return to the Net Port Download Menu.
After you configure these parameters, the system saves them automatically.
Press <Enter> to return to Net Port Download Menu, and there select <2>. The
console screen displays:
boot device
unit number
processor number
host name
:
:
:
:
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fei
0
0
8040
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
file name
: Q8040.BIN
inet on ethernet e) : 10.110.27.235
host inet h)
: 10.110.27.231
user u)
: 8040
ftp password pw)
: 8040
flags f)
: 0x80
Attached TCP/IP interface to fei0.
Subnet Mask: 0xfffff800
Attaching network interface lo0... done.
Loading...
NET download completed...
read len = [04378489]
Please wait,it needs a long time
###################################################################################
#####################################################
###########################
Writing Vrpsoftware File Succeeds!
Press <Enter> to reboot the system.
The router can serve as FTP Server when loading CMW3.4. You can run FTP Client to upload
or download the files of application image, Boot ROM image, and configuration. See
Operation Manual.
Software Upgrade for the AR46 of the RPU”.
Assume that you have saved three application image files to Flash memory and the CF
card. After you select an option, option 4, for example, from Boot Menu, the console
screen displays a menu similar to the following:
Please set
file type:
M=MAIN
B=BACKUP
S=SECURE
**************************************************************************
NO.
Name
Type
Time
1
flash:/8061.bin
10093604
Size
N/A
Oct/18/2005 13:35:39
2
flash:/ main.bin
12252636
M
Oct/20/2005 10:35:13
3
cflash:/d020
11987956
B
Oct/18/2005 16:59:28
**************************************************************************
4
Exit to main menu
Enter your choice(1-4):
Select option 1 to define the file whose type is N/A. The system enters the following menu,
where you can change the file type of 8061.bin.
Set this file as:
1.
Main
2.
Backup
3.
Exit
Enter your choice(1-3):
1
Select option 1 for example to specify the 8061.bin file as the main boot file. After the
modification takes effect, the file type of the original main file named main.bin changes to
N/A. Now, the 8061.bin file is the first boot file.
Display applications in Flash memory.
Select option 5. The console screen displays:
M=MAIN
B=BACKUP
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S=SECURE
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*****************************************************************************
NO.
Name
1
flash:/8061.bin
2
flash:/tt
3
cflash:/d020
Size
Type
Time
10093604
N/A
Oct/18/2005 13:35:39
12252636
M
Oct/20/2005 10:35:13
11987956
B
Oct/18/2005 16:59:28
*****************************************************************************
There are 3 application files totally!
Press <Enter> key to continue
Press <Enter> to return to Boot Menu.
Clear the application configuration file. If you select this option, the screen displays:
Clear configuration, are you sure?[Y/N]
Press <Y> to clear the configuration file saved last time. It cannot survive a reboot.
Press <N> to reject the clear operation.
Reset console authentication
Enter <7> in the main Boot ROM menu. Exit and then restart the router. The screen displays
“Login authentication ignored”, allowing you to log in from the console port without
authentication.
Note that this is a one-time operation. It takes effect at a reboot. At subsequent reboots,
console authentication is required however.
Start up and ignore configuration.
Enter <8> in the main Boot ROM menu. The system sets an Ignore flag to Flash memory and
displays:
Flag set successfully.
Thus, empty configuration applies at reboot. The system removes the Ignore flag after its
boot is completed.
In case you forget the password, you may select this option to have the router boot with
the configuration file ignored. After the router is up, you may change or delete the
password. Note that if not saved, the modified configuration cannot survive a reboot. To
have the router reboot with the new configuration, you must perform the save operation
after completing configuration.
Boot ROM Operation Menu
Enter <9> in the main Boot ROM menu to enter Boot ROM Download Menu as follows for
upgrade, backup, or recovery:
Boot ROM Download Menu:
1:
Download Boot ROM with XModem
2:
Download Extended Segment of Boot ROM with XModem
3:
Restore Extended Segment of Boot ROM from FLASH
4:
Backup Extended Segment of Boot ROM to FLASH
5:
Exit to Main Menu
Enter your choice(1-5):
a: Ignore software check
When upgrading software, make sure that you are using the correct software version. If the
upgrade still fails and the system displays “invalid version” in this case, you can use this
option. It allows the system to upgrade software without checking the version of extended
Boot ROM image segment, Boot ROM image, and application image for backward
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compatibility. This is a one-time operation, however; the router checks version again at
reboot.
b: Start application program (from Flash memory)
Select option a to load the VRP application image directly. This does not require a reboot.
c: Format the CF card
d: Exit and reboot
Upgrading Software Using Xmodem
You can use the console port to upgrade software using Xmodem without the need of
setting up a configuration environment.
Upgrading the application image
Step 1: Enter Boot Menu (refer to the section “Boot Menu”) and enter <2> to download an
application image using Xmodem. The router supports the following downloading speeds:
Please choose your download speed:
1: 9600 bps
2: 19200 bps
3: 38400 bps
4: 57600 bps
5: 115200 bps
6: Exit to Main Menu
Enter your choice(1-6):
Step 2: Select an option, 5 for 115200 bps for example. The following message appears:
Download speed is 115200 bps. Change the terminal's speed to 115200 bps, and select XModem
protocol. Press ENTER key when ready.
Step 3: Change your terminal’s baud rate to the same baud rate for software download
(115200 bps in this example). After that, select [Dial-in/Disconnect] to disconnect the
terminal, and [Dial-in/Dialing] to reconnect it. Then, press <Enter> to start downloading. The
system displays:
Please Select Program File
Downloading ... CCCCC
NOTE:
•
The new baud rate takes effect only after you reconnect the terminal emulation
program.
Step 4: Select [Transfer/Send File] in the terminal window. The following dialog box pops up:
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Figure 9 Set Send File parameters
Step 5: Click <Browse>. Select the file to be downloaded and set protocol to Xmodem.
Click <Send>. The following interface pops up:
Figure 10 Load the file using Xmodem
Step 6: After completing download, the system begins writing data to Flash memory, and
then displays the following information on the screen:
Download completed.
Then, the system asks you to select a file type:
please select file to be saved as
1. main application file
2. backup application file
3. secure application file
4. cancel downloading
Enter your choice(1-4):
After you select an option, the system begins writing the file to Flash memory.
Writing to flash memory...
Please waiting,it need a long time (about 5 min).
#############################
Write Flash Success.
Please return to 9600 bps. Press ENTER key to reboot the system.
Change the baud rate of the console terminal to 9600 bps, disconnect and re-dial. Then
you can see the system boot banner.
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Upgrading the entire Boot ROM program
Step 1: Enter Boot Menu (see the section “Boot Menu”) and select option 8 to enter Boot
ROM Download Menu as follows:
Boot ROM Download Menu:
1:
Download Boot ROM with XModem
2:
Download Extended Segment of Boot ROM with XModem
3:
Restore Extended Segment of Boot ROM from FLASH
4:
Backup Extended Segment of Boot ROM to FLASH
5:
Exit to Main Menu
Enter your choice(1-5):
Step 2: Select option 1 in the menu to download the entire Boot ROM image using
Xmodem. Multiple speed options are available. The subsequent steps are the same as
those described in the section for upgrading the application image.
CAUTION:
• You are recommended to upgrade the entire Boot ROM program unless necessary
and with the guide of technical staff, because no means is available for on-field restore
in case of an update failure.
Upgrading the extended segment of the Boot ROM image
Step 1: Enter Boot Menu (refer to the section “Boot Menu”) and select option 8 to enter
Boot ROM Download Menu.
Step 2: Select option 2 in the menu to upgrade the extended segment of the Boot ROM
image using Xmodem. Multiple speed options are available. The subsequent steps are the
same as those described in the section for upgrading the application image.
CAUTION:
• This upgrade approach upgrades only a portion of the Boot ROM image, so you can
make a second attempt once errors occur.
NOTE:
• Upon completion of application image upgrade, the router reboots and checks Boot
ROM version for consistency before starting the CMW software. If the version of the
current extended Boot ROM image segment is not the same as that of the extended
segment to be started, the system automatically updates the Boot ROM image, and
displays “Upgrade Bootrom............! Download completed. Please wait, it needs a long
time###### Writing into Boot ROM Succeeds.” Then, the system continues its boot
process.
Backing Up/Restoring the Extended Segment of the
Boot ROM Image
Backing up the extended segment of the Boot ROM image to the Flash
Follow these steps to back up the extended segment of the Boot ROM image:
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H3C AR28_AR46-CMW340-R0311P03 Release Notes
Step 1: Enter Boot Menu (refer to the section “Boot Menu”) and select option 8 to enter
Boot ROM Download Menu.
Step 2: Select option 4 in the menu to copy the current extended segment to Flash
memory.
Backup Extended Segment, are you sure?[Y/N]
Enter <Y>. The system displays:
Writing to FLASH.Please wait...####
Backuping Boot ROM program to FLASH successed!
Step 3: When Boot ROM Download Menu appears again, select option 5 to exit and reboot
the router.
Restoring the extended segment of the Boot ROM image from Flash
In case of extended Boot ROM segment errors or an inadvertent upgrade operation, take
these steps to restore the extended segment of the Boot ROM image from Flash memory to
the Boot ROM:
Step 1: Enter Boot Menu (refer to the section “Boot Menu”), and select option 8 to enter
Boot ROM Download Menu.
Step 2: Select option 3 in Boot ROM Download Menu to restore the extended segment from
Flash memory.
Restore Extended Segment, are you sure?[Y/N]
Enter <Y>. The system displays:
Writing to Boot ROM.Please wait...######
Restoring Boot ROM program successed!
Step 3: When Boot ROM Download Menu appears again, select option 5 to exit and reboot
the router.
Upgrading the Application Image Using TFTP
Upgrading the application image with NET is to download using an Ethernet interface. In
this approach, the router is TFTP Client and needs connecting to TFTP Server using a fixed
Ethernet interface. The following describes how to upgrade the application image in this
approach:
Start TFTP Server on the PC connected to the Ethernet interface on the router and set the
path for getting the source file.
CAUTION:
• No TFTP Server is available with the Quidway series. You must make sure that they are
available yourself.
In Boot Menu select option 3 to enter Net Port Download Menu as follows:
Net Port Download Menu:
1:
Change Net Parameter
2:
Download From Net to Flash
3:
Download From Net to SDRAM and Run
4:
Upload the config file to host!
5:
Exit to Main Menu
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Enter your choice(1-5):1
Select option 1 in Net Port Download Menu for example to change the download
parameters as follows:
Change Download parameter
Download device
: eth0
Download file name
:8061.bin
Target file name
:tt
IP address of eth0
:1.1.1.2
Subnet mask for eth0
:255.255.0.0
IP address of the server
:1.1.1.1
IP address of the gateway
:1.1.1.0
Saving the net configuration, are you sure?[Y/N]
Table 13 Description on the download parameters
Parameter
Description
Download device
The Ethernet port for downloading, which must be eth0
Download file name
Name of the VRP file to be downloaded
Target file name
Name for saving the downloaded file
IP address of eth0
IP address of interface eth0
Subnet mask for eth0
Subnet mask of interface eth0
IP address of the server
IP address of the server where VRP is retained
IP address of the gateway
You must configure it if the server and the router are not
located on the same segment.
Press <Y> to save the configuration.
When Net Port Download Menu appears, select option 2 to download and write the
application image to Flash memory. The system displays:
Starting the TFTP download..............................................
.............................................................................
.............................................................
TFTP download completed.
File length = [07600856]
Writing program code to FLASH...
Please wait, it may take a long time.....................
Writing into Flash Successfully!
Now, the system returns to Net Port Download Menu.
If you select option 3 in the menu to directly download the program to the SDRAM and run
it there, the downloaded application image cannot survive a reboot because the file is not
written to Flash memory.
Upload configuration file
If you enter <4> after parameter configuration is completed, the router will upload the
local configuration file to the specified host.
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NOTE:
• Upon completion of application image upgrade, the router reboots and checks Boot
ROM version for consistency before starting the CMW software. If the version of the
current extended Boot ROM image segment is not the same as that of the extended
segment to be started, the system automatically updates the Boot ROM image, and
displays “Upgrade Bootrom............! Download completed. Please wait, it needs a long
time###### Writing into Boot ROM Succeeds.” Then, the system continues its boot
process.
Maintaining Application Program and
Configurations Through Command Lines
After booting the router normally, you can upgrade and backup application program and
backup and recover configurations in command line mode.
Maintaining the Router with TFTP Server
The TFTP service provided by the router is TFTP Client — the router serves as TFTP Client, and
the file server serves as TFTP Server. You can input commands to upload the configuration
file and application program of the router to the file server, or download configuration file
or application program to the router from the file server.
Configuring environment
Step 1: Set up hardware environment, and point the server path to the folder where the file
is put.
Figure 11 Networking diagram for maintenance under command line mode
Console
Ethernet
ROUTER
(TFTP/FTP Client)
PC
(TFTP/FTP Server)
Configure the IP addresses of the two sides to be in the same network. In this section, the
TFTP server is set to 192.168.0.1, and the Ethernet interface connected to it (Ethernet
interface 0/0 in this example; so, any interface is OK) is set to 192.168.0.2. Both can use the
ping command to check if the connection is successful.
Backing up and recovering application program and configure file
After finishing environment building, perform the following operations:
View the files included in current file system with the dir command:
<H3C>dir
Directory of cf:/
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0
-rw-
14323376
Apr 03 2006 15:36:48
main.bin
1
2
drw-
-
Mar 20 2006 09:55:28
logfile
-rw-
909
Apr 04 2006 10:54:38
ar-router.cfg
3
4
-rw-
1045
Apr 04 2006 11:31:36
configbak.cfg
-rw-
14323376
Mar 31 2006 17:50:22
backup.bin
63340 KB total (20928 KB free)
File system type of cf: FAT32
<H3C>
Use the command as follows to backup the config.cfg file on the router to TFTP server and
save as config.bak:
<H3C>tftp 192.168.0.1 put config.cfg config.bak
File will be transferred in binary mode
Sending file to remote tftp server. Please wait... \
TFTP:
1045 bytes sent in 0 second(s).
File uploaded successfully.
Use this command to download the config.cfg file on the server to the router:
<H3C>tftp 192.168.0.1 get config.cfg config.cfg
The file config.cfg exists. Overwrite it?[Y/N]:y
Verifying server file...
Deleting the old file, please wait...
File will be transferred in binary mode
Downloading file from remote tftp server, please wait...\
TFTP:
1045 bytes received in 0 second(s)
File downloaded successfully.
If a config.cfg file already exists in the router, select <Y/y> to overwrite it.
CAUTION:
• If a config.cfg file already exists on the server, it will be overwritten.
• The above operations are performed under user view.
• The backup configuration file can be modified by text editor. The configuration file
modified during download process can modify the configuration, and the modification
takes effect after rebooting. Similarly, you can also download application program to
the router to overwrite the old main program to upgrade the application program
Maintaining the Router with FTP Server
Maintaining the router when it serves as the server
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is an application layer protocol in the TCP/IP suit. It mainly
transfers files among remote hosts. Born over TCP, it provides reliable and
connection-oriented data transfer service.
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The FTP service provided by the router is FTP Server, that is to say, the router serves as the FTP
Server. You can run FTP Client to log onto the router and access files on the router.
Install FTP Client before using FTP. No FTP Server is available with the H3C MSR 30 series. You
must install one yourself. Take the FTP Client with Windows XP for example.
Step 1: Build hardware maintenance environment as follows:
Figure 12 Router maintenance when it serves as the server
Console
Ethernet
ROUTER
(TFTP/FTP Server)
PC
(TFTP/FTP Client)
Configure the IP addresses of the two sides to be in the same network. In this section, the
PC server is set to 192.168.0.1, and the router Ethernet interface connected to it (Ethernet
interface 0/0 in this example; so, any interface is OK) is set to 192.168.0.2. Both can use the
ping command to check if the connection is successful.
Step 2: Boot FTP service.
You can boot FTP service after configuring FTP server authentication and authorization. FTP
server supports multiuser access. The remote FTP user sends request to the FTP server, which
then executes accordingly and returns the result of the execution to user. Use the following
command to boot the FTP service:
[H3C]ftp server enable
% Start FTP server
Add FTP authorized user name and password:
[H3C]local-user guest
Set up the user guest
[H3C-luser- guest]service-type ftp
The user type is FTP user
[H3C-luser- guest]password simple 123456
Add the password 123456 for the
user guest
Step 3: Maintain the router.
After booting FTP service of the router and configuring user name and password, you can
boot FTP Client on your PC. Take the FTP Client with Windows XP for example:
Enter <ftp> in the DOS window, and the system prompts:
C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator>ftp
ftp>
The system prompts ftp>
ftp> open 192.168.0.2
Connected to the router IP
Connected to 192.168.0.2.
220 FTP service ready.
User (192.168.0.2:(none)): guest
Enter the user name configured
on the router
331 Password required for guest
Password:
Enter the password 123456
230 User logged in.
Successfully connected to the
server
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Now, we can use the following command to perform maintenance of the router. In this
example, the main.bin file on the router is backed up to the PC.
ftp> binary
Change the transfer mode to binary
200 Type set to I.
ftp> lcd c:\temp
Change local path
Local directory now C:\temp.
ftp> get main.bin main.bin
Backup files to PC from the router
200 Port command okay.
150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for main.bin.
226 Transfer complete.
ftp: 14323376 bytes received in 16.81Seconds 851.87Kbytes/sec.
Recover the backup file to the router command:
ftp> put main.bin main.bin
Recover the local file to the router
200 Port command okay.
150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for main.bin.
226 Transfer complete.
ftp: 14323376 bytes sent in 8.29Seconds 1727.37Kbytes/sec.
ftp> quit
Quit the FTP
221 Server closing.
Maintaining the router when it serves as the client
You can also maintain the router file system by building FTP server and making the router
serve as the client.
Step 1: Build maintenance environment as follows:
Console
Ethernet
ROUTER
(TFTP/FTP Client)
PC
(TFTP/FTP Server)
Router maintenance when it serves as the client
When the router serves as the client, you can run FTP server program on your PC as the FTP
server, and set the server path. Then, add user name and password for the router.
Configure the IP addresses of the two sides to be in the same network. In this section, the
FTP server is set to 192.168.0.1, and the Ethernet interface connected to it (Ethernet
interface 0/0 in this example; so, any interface is OK) is set to 192.168.0.2. Both can use the
ping command to check if the connection is successful.
Step 2: Maintain the router through the terminal connected to the console port as follow:
<H3C>ftp 192.168.0.1
Trying 192.168.0.1 ...
Press CTRL+K to abort
Connected to 192.168.0.1.
220 3Com 3CDaemon FTP Server Version 2.0
User(192.168.0.1:(none)): guest
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the router
331 User name ok, need password
Password:
Enter the corresponding password
230 User logged in
Connect successfully
[ftp]
Use the command as follows to maintain the router.
Here, get and put commands are used to backup and recover files.
[ftp]get main.bin main.bin
Download files to the router from
the server
cf:/main.bin has been existing. Overwrite it?[Y/N]:y
Overwrite it or not?
200 PORT command successful.
150 File status OK ; about to open data connection
226 Closing data connection; File transfer successful.
FTP: 14323376 byte(s) received in 69.256 second(s) 206.00K byte(s)/sec.
[ftp]put main.bin main.bin
Backup the router files to the server
200 PORT command successful.
150 File status OK ; about to open data connection
226 Closing data connection; File transfer successful.
FTP: 14323376 byte(s) sent in 15.974 second(s) 896.00Kbyte(s)/sec.
[ftp]quit
221 Service closing control connection
Quit the FTP
Copyright © 2010 Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of
Hangzhou H3C Technologies Co., Ltd.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice.
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