Performance Rating of Unitary Air

ANSI/AHRI Standard 210/240 with
Addenda 1 and 2
(formerly ARI Standard 210/240)
2008 Standard for
Performance Rating
of Unitary Air-Conditioning
& Air-Source Heat Pump
Equipment
Approved by ANSI in December 2012
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008 WITH
ADDENDUM 2
Performance Rating of Unitary Air-Conditioning &
Air-Source Heat Pump Equipment
March 2012
Addendum 2 of ANSI/AHRI Standard 210/240-2008, is provided as follows. The following changes have been
incorporated (additions are shown with highlights; deletions are shown by strikethroughs) into the already published
2008 version of ANSI/AHRI Standard 210/240 with Addendum 1 to avoid confusion:
The Integrated Energy Efficiency Ratio (IEER) methodology has been added to the standard for water-cooled and
evaporatively-cooled products. It is not intended for air-cooled products which should be rated with SEER.
This includes:
1. The addition of 3.4.2 definition of IEER (page 2)
2. The addition of “and in multiples of 0.1 for IEER” to Section 6.1.2 (page 5).
3. The addition of Part-Load IEER Conditions to Test Conditions to Table 12 (page 21)
4. The reinstatement of Note 2 in Table 12 (page 21)
5. New Section 6.2 Part Load Ratings (pages 22-26). This new Section 6.2 is duplicated from Section 6.2 from
AHRI Standard 340/360-2007 with addenda 1 and 2.
6. The addition of “plus the IEER (where applicable),” to Section 6.4 (page 26)
7. The addition of “except IEER which shall not be less than 90% of Published Ratings.” to Section 6.5 (page 26)
8. The addition of “3. Integrated Energy Efficiency Ratio, IEER”, to Section 7.1.b (page 27)
Price $10.00 (M) $20.00 (NM)
Printed in U.S.A.
©Copyright 2008, by Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute
Registered United States Patent and Trademark Office
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008 WITH
ADDENDUM 1
Performance Rating of Unitary Air-Conditioning &
Air-Source Heat Pump Equipment
June 2011
Addendum 1 of ANSI/AHRI Standard 210/240-2008, is provided as follows. The following changes have been
incorporated (deletions are shown by strikethroughs) into the already published 2008 version of ANSI/AHRI
Standard 210/240 to avoid confusion:
The Integrated Part-Load Values (IPLV) methodology has been removed from the standard.
This includes the deletion of:
9. Section 3.6 Integrated Part Load Value (IPLV) Definition (page 2)
10. “and in multiples of 0.1 for IPLV” from Section 6.1.2 (page 5)
11. The Part Load Conditions line and Note 2 of Table 12 (page 21)
12. Section 6.2 Part Load Ratings (pages 21-22)
13. “plus the IPLV (where applicable)” from Section 6.4 (page 22)
14. Appendix E. The corresponding Table E1 has also been removed (pages 122-125)
IMPORTANT
SAFETY DISCLAIMER
AHRI does not set safety standards and does not certify or guarantee the safety of any products, components or
systems designed, tested, rated, installed or operated in accordance with this standard/guideline. It is strongly
recommended that products be designed, constructed, assembled, installed and operated in accordance with
nationally recognized safety standards and code requirements appropriate for products covered by this
standard/guideline.
AHRI uses its best efforts to develop standards/guidelines employing state-of-the-art and accepted industry
practices. AHRI does not certify or guarantee that any tests conducted under its standards/guidelines will be
non-hazardous or free from risk.
AHRI CERTIFICATION PROGRAM PROVISIONS
Scope of the Certification Program
The Certification Program includes all Unitary Air-Conditioning and Air-Source Unitary Heat Pump equipment
rated below 65,000 Btu/h [19,000 W] at AHRI Standard Rating Conditions (Cooling).
Certified Ratings
The following Certification Program ratings are verified by test:
Unitary Air-Conditioners
A. Air-cooled under 65,000 Btu/h [19,000 W]
1. AHRI Standard Rating Cooling Capacity, Btu/h [W]
2. Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio, SEER, Btu/(W⋅h)
B.
Water-cooled and evaporatively-cooled under 65,000 Btu/h [19,000 W]
1. AHRI Standard Rating Cooling Capacity, Btu/h [W]
2. Energy Efficiency Ratio, EER, Btu/(W⋅h)
3. Integrated Energy Efficiency Ratio, IEER, Btu/(W·h)
Air-Source Unitary Heat Pumps
Air-cooled under 65,000 Btu/h [19,000 W]
1. AHRI Standard Rating Cooling Capacity, Btu/h [W]
2. Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio, SEER, Btu/(W⋅h)
3. High Temperature Heating Standard Rating Capacity, Btu/h [W]
4. Region IV Heating Seasonal Performance Factor, HSPF, Minimum Design Heating Requirement,
Btu/(W⋅h)
Conformance to the requirements of the Maximum Operating Conditions Test, Voltage Tolerance Test, LowTemperature Operation Test (Cooling), Insulation Effectiveness Test (Cooling), and Condensate Disposal Test
(Cooling), as outlined in Section 8, are also verified by test.
Note:
This standard supersedes ARI Standard 210/240-2006.
Price $10.00 (M) $20.00 (NM)
Printed in U.S.A.
©Copyright 2008, by Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute
Registered United States Patent and Trademark Office
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION
PAGE
Section 1.
Purpose..................................................................................................................... 1
Section 2.
Scope ........................................................................................................................ 1
Section 3.
Definitions................................................................................................................ 1
Section 4.
Classifications .......................................................................................................... 4
Section 5.
Test Requirements ................................................................................................... 4
Section 6.
Rating Requirements ................................................................................................ 4
Section 7.
Minimum Data Requirements for Published Ratings ............................................ 27
Section 8.
Operating Requirements ........................................................................................ 27
Section 9.
Marking and Nameplate Data ................................................................................ 30
Section 10. Conformance Conditions .......................................................................................30
TABLES
Table 1.
Classification of Unitary Air-Conditioners ................................................................. 6
Table 2.
Classification of Air-Source Unitary Heat Pumps ...................................................... 7
Table 3.
Cooling Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Single-Speed Compressor
and a Fixed-Speed Indoor Fan, a Constant Air Volume Rate Indoor Fan,
or No Indoor Fan ........................................................................................................ 14
Table 4.
Heating Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Single-Speed Compressor
and a Fixed-Speed Indoor Fan, a Constant Air Volume Rate Indoor Fan,
or No Indoor Fan ........................................................................................................ 14
Table 5.
Cooling Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Single-Speed Compressor
and a Variable Air Volume Rate Indoor Fan that Correlates with the
Outdoor Dry Bulb Temperature (Section 6.1.4.3.1) ................................................. 15
Table 6.
Heating Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Single-Speed Compressor
and a Variable Air Volume Rate Indoor Fan............................................................. 16
TABLES (Cont’d)
Table 7.
Cooling Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Two-Capacity
Compressor ................................................................................................................. 17
Table 8.
Heating Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Two-Capacity
Compressor ................................................................................................................. 18
Table 9.
Cooling Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Variable-Speed
Compressor ................................................................................................................. 19
Table 10.
Heating Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Variable-Speed
Compressor ................................................................................................................. 20
Table 11.
Minimum External Static Pressure for Ducted Systems Tested
with an Indoor Fan Installed ..................................................................................... 20
Table 12.
Conditions for Standard Rating Tests and Operating Requirement Tests for
Water-cooled and Evaporatively-cooled Equipment Using ASHRAE
Standard 37 ................................................................................................................. 21
Table 12A. IEER Part-Load Rating Conditions ........................................................................... 23
Table 13.
Conditions for Operating Requirement Tests for Air-cooled Equipment ................ 28
FIGURE
Figure 1.
Part-Load Factor Curve.......................................................................................... 23
APPENDICES
Appendix A.
References – Normative ................................................................................... 31
Appendix B.
References – Informative ................................................................................. 32
Appendix C.
Uniform Test Method for Measuring the Energy Consumption of Central
Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps – Normative ..............................................33
Appendix D.
Prescriptive Methodology for the Cyclic Testing of Ducted Systems –
Normative ...................................................................................................... 118
Appendix E.
Example of Calculating Integrated Part-Load Values (IPLV) – Normative .... 122
TABLE FOR APPENDICES
Table E1.
Example IPLV Calculation ............................................................................ 125
FIGURES FOR APPENDICES
Figure D1.
Tunnel Air Enthalpy Test Method Arrangement ........................................... 119
Figure D2.
Loop Air Enthalpy Test Method Arrangement ..............................................120
Figure D3.
Calorimeter Air Enthalpy Test Method Arrangement ................................... 121
Figure D4.
Room Air Enthalpy Test Method Arrangement............................................. 122
________________________________________________________________________ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
PERFORMANCE RATING OF UNITARY AIRCONDITIONING AND AIR-SOURCE HEAT
PUMP EQUIPMENT
Section 1. Purpose
1.1
Purpose. The purpose of this standard is to establish, for Unitary Air-Conditioners and Air-Source Unitary Heat
Pumps: definitions; classifications; test requirements; rating requirements; minimum data requirements for Published
Ratings; operating requirements; marking and nameplate data; and conformance conditions.
1.1.1
Intent. This standard is intended for the guidance of the industry, including manufacturers, engineers,
installers, contractors and users.
1.1.2
Review and Amendment. This standard is subject to review and amendment as technology advances.
Section 2. Scope
2.1
Scope. This standard applies to factory-made Unitary Air-Conditioners and Air-Source Unitary Heat Pumps as
defined in Section 3.
2.1.1
Energy Source.
systems.
2.2
This standard applies only to electrically operated, vapor compression refrigeration
Exclusions.
2.2.1
This standard does not apply to the rating and testing of individual assemblies, such as condensing units or
coils, for separate use.
2.2.2
This standard does not apply to heat operated air-conditioning/heat pump equipment, or to packaged
terminal air-conditioners/heat pumps, or to room air-conditioners/heat pumps.
2.2.3
This standard does not apply to Unitary Air-Conditioners as defined in AHRI Standard 340/360 with
capacities of 65,000 Btu/h [19,000 W] or greater.
2.2.4
This standard does not apply to Air-Source Unitary Heat Pumps as defined in AHRI Standard 340/360 with
cooling capacities of 65,000 Btu/h [19,000 W] or greater, or to water-source heat pumps, to ground water-source
heat pumps, and to ground source closed-loop heat pumps.
2.2.5
This standard does not include water heating heat pumps.
2.2.6
This standard does not apply to rating units equipped with desuperheater/water heating devices in
operation.
Section 3. Definitions
All terms in this document shall follow the standard industry definitions in the current edition of ASHRAE Terminology of
Heating, Ventilation, Air- Conditioning and Refrigeration, unless otherwise defined in this section.
Note: Definitions for Small-duct, High-velocity Systems, Space Constrained Products, and Through-the-wall Air
Conditioners and Heat Pumps are taken from Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 430, Subparts 430.2 and 430.32 (c).
See Appendix C for definitions that apply to the testing and calculation procedures required by Appendix C.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
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3.1
Air-Source Unitary Heat Pump. One or more factory-made assemblies which normally include an indoor
conditioning coil(s), compressor(s), and outdoor coil(s), including means to provide a heating function. When such
equipment is provided in more than one assembly, the separated assemblies shall be designed to be used together, and the
requirements of rating outlined in the standard are based upon the use of matched assemblies.
3.1.1
Functions. They shall provide the function of air heating with controlled temperature, and may include the
functions of air-cooling, air-circulating, air-cleaning, dehumidifying or humidifying.
3.2
Degradation Coefficient (CD). The measure of the efficiency loss due to the cycling of the units as determined in
Appendices C and D.
3.3
Design Heating Requirement (DHR). This is the amount of heating required to maintain a given indoor temperature
at a particular outdoor design temperature.
3.4
Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER). A ratio of the cooling capacity in Btu/h to the power input value in watts at any
given set of Rating Conditions expressed in Btu/(W⋅h).
3.4.1
Standard Energy Efficiency Ratio. A ratio of the capacity to power input value obtained at Standard Rating
Conditions.
3.4.2
Integrated Energy Efficiency Ratio (IEER). A single number cooling part-load efficiency figure of merit
calculated per the method described in Section 6.2.2 expressed in Btu/(W⋅h).
3.5
Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF). The total space heating required during the space heating season,
expressed in Btu’s, divided by the total electrical energy consumed by the heat pump system during the same season,
expressed in watt-hours.
3.6
Integrated Part-Load Value (IPLV). A single number part-load efficiency figure of merit calculated per the method
described in this standard.
3.7
Published Rating. A statement of the assigned values of those performance characteristics, under stated Rating
Conditions, by which a unit may be chosen to fit its application. These values apply to all units of like nominal capacity and
type (identification) produced by the same manufacturer. As used herein, the term Published Rating includes the rating of all
performance characteristics shown on the unit or published in specifications, advertising, or other literature controlled by the
manufacturer, at stated Rating Conditions.
3.7.1
Application Rating. A rating based on tests performed at Application Rating Conditions (other than
Standard Rating Conditions).
3.7.2
Standard Rating. A rating based on tests performed at Standard Rating Conditions.
3.8
Rating Conditions. Any set of operating conditions under which a single level of performance results and which
causes only that level of performance to occur.
3.8.1
Standard Rating Conditions.
characteristics.
Rating Conditions used as the basis of comparison for performance
3.9
Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER). The total heat removed from the conditioned space during the annual
cooling season, expressed in Btu’s, divided by the total electrical energy consumed by the air conditioner or heat pump
during the same season, expressed in watt-hours.
3.10
"Shall" or "Should". "Shall" or "should" shall be interpreted as follows:
3.10.1 Shall. Where "shall" or "shall not" is used for a provision specified, that provision is mandatory if
compliance with the standard is claimed.
3.10.2 Should. "Should" is used to indicate provisions which are not mandatory but which are desirable as good
practice.
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____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
3.11
Small-duct, High-velocity System. A heating and/or cooling product that contains a blower and indoor coil
combination that is designed for, and produces, at least 1.2 in H2O [300 Pa] of external static pressure when operated at the
certified air volume rate of 220-350 cfm [0.104 – 0.165 m3/s] per rated ton [12,000 Btu/h] of cooling. When applied in the
field, small-duct products use high-velocity room outlets (i.e., generally greater than 1,000 fpm [5 m/s]) having less than 6.0
in2 [3,900 mm2] of free area.
3.12
Space Constrained Product. A central air conditioner or heat pump:
a.
b.
c.
that has rated cooling capacities no greater than 30,000 Btu/h [8,800 W];
that has an outdoor or indoor unit having at least two overall exterior dimensions or an overall displacement
that:
1. is substantially smaller than those of other units that are:
a. currently usually installed in site built single family homes; and
b. of a similar cooling, and, if a heat pump, heating capacity; and
2. if increased, would certainly result in a considerable increase in the usual cost of installation or would
certainly result in a significant loss in the utility of the product to the consumer; and
of a product type that was available for purchase in the United States as of December 1, 2000.
3.13
Standard Air. Air weighing 0.075 lb/ft3 [1.2 kg/m3] which approximates dry air at 70°F [21°C] and at a barometric
pressure of 29.92 in Hg [101.3 kPa].
3.14 Tested Combination for Multiple-split air conditioners and heat pumps.
3.14.1
Tested combination means a multi-split system with multiple indoor coils having the following features:
3.14.2 The basic model of a system used as a tested combination shall consist of one outdoor unit, with one or more
compressors, that is matched with between 2 and 5 indoor units; for multi-split systems, each of these indoor units
shall be designed for individual operation.
3.14.3
The indoor units shall:
3.14.3.1 Represent the highest sales model family, or another indoor model family if the highest sales
model family does not provide sufficient capacity (see 3.14.3.2);
3.14.3.2 Together, have a nominal cooling capacity that is between 95% and 105% of the nominal cooling
capacity of the outdoor unit;
3.14.3.3 Not, individually, have a capacity that is greater than 50% of the nominal capacity of the outdoor
unit;
3.14.3.4 Operate at fan speeds that are consistent with the manufacturer's specifications; and
3.14.3.5 All be subject to the same minimum external static pressure requirement (i.e., 0 in H2O [0 Pa]) for
non-ducted, see Table 2 in Appendix M to Subpart B of this part for ducted indoor units) while being
configurable to produce the same static pressure at the exit of each outlet plenum when manifolded as per
section 2.4.1 of Appendix M to Subpart B of Part 430 – Uniform Test Method for Measuring the Energy
Consumption of Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps.
3.15
Through-the-wall Air Conditioner and Heat Pump. A central air conditioner or heat pump that is designed to be
installed totally or partially within a fixed-size opening in an exterior wall, and:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
is manufactured prior to January 23, 2010;
is not weatherized;
is clearly and permanently marked for installation only through an exterior wall;
has a rated cooling capacity no greater than 30,000 Btu/h [8,800 W];
exchanges all of its outdoor air across a single surface of the equipment cabinet; and
has a combined outdoor air exchange area of less than 800 in2 [0.516 m2] (split systems) or less than 1,210 in2
[0.7804 m2] (single packaged systems) as measured on the surface described in 3.14.e.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
3.16
_____________
Two-capacity (or Two-stage) Compressor. An air conditioner or heat pump that has one of the following:
a.
b.
c.
d.
A two-speed compressor,
Two compressors where only one compressor ever operates at a time,
Two compressors where one compressor (Compressor #1) operates at low loads and both compressors
(Compressors #1 and #2) operate at high loads but Compressor #2 never operates alone, or
A compressor that is capable of cylinder or scroll unloading.
For such systems, low capacity means:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Operating at low compressor speed,
Operating the lower capacity compressor,
Operating Compressor #1, or
Operating with the compressor unloading (e.g., operating one piston of a two-piston reciprocating compressor,
using a fixed fractional volume of the full scroll, etc.).
For such systems, high capacity means:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Operating at high compressor speed,
Operating the higher capacity compressor,
Operating Compressors #1 and #2, or
Operating with the compressor loaded (e.g., operating both pistons of a two-piston reciprocating compressor,
using the full volume of the scroll).
3.17
Unitary Air-Conditioner. One or more factory-made assemblies which normally include an evaporator or cooling
coil(s), compressor(s), and condenser(s). Where such equipment is provided in more than one assembly, the separated
assemblies are to be designed to be used together, and the requirements of rating outlined in this standard are based upon the
use of these assemblies in operation together.
3.17.1 Functions. Either alone or in combination with a heating plant, the functions are to provide air-circulation,
air cleaning, cooling with controlled temperature and dehumidification, and may optionally include the function of
heating and/or humidifying.
Section 4. Classifications
Equipment covered within the scope of this standard shall be classified as shown in Tables 1 and 2.
Section 5. Test Requirements
All Standard Ratings shall be verified by tests conducted in accordance with the test methods and procedures as described in this standard
and its appendices.
Air-cooled units shall be tested in accordance with ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 37 and with Appendices C and D. Water-cooled and
evaporatively-cooled units shall be tested in accordance with ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 37.
Section 6. Rating Requirements
6.1
Standard Ratings. Standard Ratings shall be established at the Standard Rating Conditions specified in 6.1.3.
Air-cooled units shall be rated at conditions specified in Tables 3-10.
Water-cooled and evaporatively-cooled units shall be rated at conditions specified in Table 12.
Standard Ratings relating to cooling or heating capacities shall be net values, including the effects of circulating-fan heat, but not including
supplementary heat. Power input shall be the total power input to the compressor(s) and fan(s), plus controls and other items required as
part of the system for normal operation.
Standard Ratings of units which do not have indoor air-circulating fans furnished as part of the model, i.e., split systems with indoor coil
alone, shall be established by subtracting from the total cooling capacity 1,250 Btu/h per 1,000 cfm [775 W/m3/s], and by adding the same
4
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____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
amount to the heating capacity. Total power input for both heating and cooling shall be increased by 365 W per 1,000 cfm [226 W/m3/s] of
indoor air circulated.
Standard Ratings of water-cooled units shall include a total allowance for cooling tower fan motor and circulating water pump motor power
inputs to be added in the amount of 10.0 W per 1,000 Btu/h [34.1 W per 1,000 W] cooling capacity.
6.1.1
Values of Standard Capacity Ratings. These ratings shall be expressed only in terms of Btu/h [W] as shown:
Capacity Ratings,
Btu/h [W]
< 20,000 [5,900]
≥ 20,000 and < 38,000
[5,900 up to 11,000]
≥ 38,000 and < 65,000
[11,000 up to 19,000]
Multiples, Btu/h [W]
100 [30]
200 [60]
500 [150]
6.1.2
Values of Measures of Energy Efficiency. Standard measures of energy efficiency, whenever published, shall be
expressed in multiples of the nearest 0.05 Btu/(W⋅h) for EER, SEER and HSPF, and in multiples of 0.1 for IEER. and in
multiples of 0.1 for IPLV.
6.1.3
Standard Rating Tests. Tables 3 - 10 and 12 indicate the test and test conditions which are required to determine values
of standard capacity ratings and values of measures of energy efficiency.
5
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
Table 1. Classification of Unitary Air-Conditioners
Types of Unitary Air-Conditioners
Designation
AHRI Type 1,2
Arrangement
Single Package
SP-A
SP-E
SP-W
FAN
EVAP
COMP
COND
Year-Round
Single
Package
SPY-A
SPY-E
SPY-W
FAN
HEAT
EVAP
COMP
COND
Remote
Condenser
RC-A
RC-E
RC-W
FAN
EVAP
Year-Round
Remote
Condenser
RCY-A
RCY-E
RCY-W
FAN
EVAP
HEAT
Condensing
Unit, Coil
Alone
RCU-A-C
RCU-E-C
RCU-W-C
EVAP
COND
COMP
Condensing
Unit, Coil
And Blower
RCU-A-CB
RCU-E-CB
RCU-W-CB
FAN
EVAP
COND
COMP
Year-Round
Condensing
Unit, Coil and Blower
RCUY-A-CB
RCUY-E-CB
RCUY-W-CB
FAN
EVAP
HEAT
COND
COMP
Through-the-wall Air
Conditioner
Space Constrained Products
Small-duct, High-velocity
System
TTW-SP-A,E,W
TTW-SPY-A,E,W
TTW-RCU-A,E,W-C
TTW-RCU-A,E,W-CB
TTW-RCUY-A,E,W-CB
SCP-SP-A,E,W
SCP-SPY-A,E,W
SCP-RCU-A,E,W-C
SCP-RCU-A,E,W-CB
SCP-RCUY-A,E,W-CB
SDHV-SP-A,E,W
SDHV-SPY-A,E,W
SDHV-RCU-A,E,W-C
SDHV-RCU-A,E,W-CB
SDHV-RCUY-A,E,W-CB
COND
COND
FAN
EVAP
COMP
COND
or
FAN
EVAP
COND
COMP
FAN
EVAP
COMP
COND
or
FAN
EVAP
COND
COMP
FAN
EVAP
COMP
COND
or
FAN
EVAP
COND
COMP
Notes:
1
2
6
A suffix of "-O" following any of the above classifications indicates equipment not intended for use with
field-installed duct systems (6.1.3.3.1.2).
A suffix of "-A" indicates air-cooled condenser, "-E" indicates evaporatively-cooled condenser and "-W"
indicates water-cooled condenser.
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____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 2. Classification of Air-Source Unitary Heat Pumps
Types of Air-Source Unitary Heat Pumps
AHRI Type1
Designation
Heating and Cooling
Single Package
HSP-A
Arrangement
Heating Only
HOSP-A
FAN
INDOOR
COIL
Remote Outdoor Coil
HRC-A-CB
HORC-A-CB
COMP
OUTDOOR
COIL
FAN
INDOOR COIL
COMP
OUTDOOR COIL
Remote Outdoor Coil
With No Indoor Fan
HRC-A-C
HORC-A-C
Split System
HRCU-A-CB
HORCU-A-CB
Split System
With No Indoor Fan
HRCU-A-C
HORCU-A-C
Through-the-wall
Heat Pump
TTW-HSP-A
TTW-HRCU-A-C
TTW-HRCU-A-CB
TTW-HOSP-A
TTW-HORCU-A-C
TTW-HORCU-A-CB
FAN
INDOOR
COIL
COMP
OUTDOOR
COIL
or
Space Constrained
Products
SCP-HSP-A
SCP-HRCU-A-C
SCP-HRCU-A-CB
SCP-HOSP-A
SCP-HORCU-A-C
SCP-HORCU-A-CB
FAN
INDOOR
COIL
COMP
OUTDOOR
COIL
Small-duct, Highvelocity System
SDHV-HSP-A
SDHV-HRCU-A-C
SDHV-HRCU-A-CB
SDHV-HOSP-A
SDHV-HORCU-A-C
SDHV-HORCU-A-CB
FAN
COMP
OUTDOOR
COIL
INDOOR
COIL
INDOOR COIL
COMP
OUTDOOR COIL
FAN
INDOOR COIL
COMP
OUTDOOR COIL
INDOOR COIL
COMP
OUTDOOR COIL
FAN
COMP
INDOOR
COIL
OUTDOOR
COIL
or
FAN
INDOOR
COIL
COMP
OUTDOOR
COIL
or
FAN
INDOOR
COIL
COMP
OUTDOOR
COIL
Note:
1
A suffix of "-O" following any of the above classifications indicates equipment not intended for use with field-installed duct systems (6.1.3.3.1.2).
6.1.3.1 Assigned Degradation Factor. In lieu of conducting C and D tests or the heating cycling test, an
assigned value of 0.25 may be used for either the cooling or heating Degradation Coefficient, CD, or both.
For units with two compressor speeds, two compressors or cylinder unloading, if the assigned CD is used
for one cooling mode, it must be used for both cooling modes. If the assigned CD is used for one heating
mode, it must be used for both heating modes.
6.1.3.2 Electrical Conditions. Standard Rating tests shall be performed at the nameplate rated voltage(s)
and frequency.
For air-cooled equipment which is rated with 208-230 V dual nameplate voltages, Standard Rating tests
shall be performed at 230 V. For all other dual nameplate voltage equipment covered by this standard, the
Standard Rating tests shall be performed at both voltages or at the lower of the two voltages if only a single
Standard Rating is to be published.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
_____________
6.1.3.3 Airflow Through The Indoor Coil.
6.1.3.3.1 Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate.
6.1.3.3.1.1 Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate for Ducted Units. The manufacturer must specify
the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate. Use this value as long as the following two requirements
are satisfied. First, when conducting the A or A2 test (exclusively), the measured air volume rate,
when divided by the measured indoor air-side total cooling capacity, must not exceed 37.5 scfm
per 1,000 Btu/h [0.06 m3/s per 1,000 W]. If this ratio is exceeded, reduce the air volume rate until
this ratio is equaled. Use this reduced air volume rate for all tests that call for using the Cooling
Full-load Air Volume Rate. The second requirement is as follows:
a.
For all ducted units tested with an indoor fan installed, except those having a variablespeed, constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan.
The second requirement applies
exclusively to the A or A2 Test and is met as follows.
1.
Achieve the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate, determined in accordance with
the previous paragraph;
2.
Measure the external static pressure;
3.
If this pressure is equal to or greater than the applicable minimum external static
pressure cited in Table 11, this second requirement is satisfied. Use the current air
volume rate for all tests that require the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate.
4.
If the Table 11 minimum is not equaled or exceeded,
4a. reduce the air volume rate until the applicable Table 11 minimum is equaled
or
4b. until the measured air volume rate equals 95 percent of the air volume rate
from step 1, whichever occurs first.
5.
If the conditions of step 4a occur first, this second requirement is satisfied. Use
the step 4a reduced air volume rate for all tests that require the Cooling Full-load
Air Volume Rate.
6.
If the conditions of step 4b occur first, make an incremental change to the set-up
of the indoor fan (e.g., next highest fan motor pin setting, next highest fan motor
speed) and repeat the evaluation process beginning at above step 1. If the indoor
fan set-up cannot be further changed, reduce the air volume rate until the
applicable Table 11 minimum is equaled. Use this reduced air volume rate for all
tests that require the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate.
b.
For ducted units that are tested with a variable-speed, constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan installed. For all
tests that specify the cooling full-load air volume rate, obtain an external static pressure as close to (but not
less than) the applicable Table 11 value that does not cause instability or an automatic shutdown of the
indoor blower.
c.
For ducted units that are tested without an indoor fan installed. For the A or A2 test, (exclusively), the
pressure drop across the indoor coil assembly must not exceed 0.30 in H2O [75 Pa]. If this pressure drop is
exceeded, reduce the air volume rate until the measured pressure drop equals the specified maximum. Use
this reduced air volume rate for all tests that require the cooling full-load air volume rate.
6.1.3.3.1.2 Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate for Non-ducted Units. For non-ducted units, the cooling
full-load air volume rate is the air volume rate that results during each test when the unit is operated at an
external static pressure of zero in H2O [0 Pa].
8
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____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
6.1.3.3.2 Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate.
a.
For ducted units that regulate the speed (as opposed to the cfm) of the indoor fan,
Cooling Minimum Air Vol. Rate =
Cooling Full - load Air Vol. Rate ×
Cooling Minimum Fan Speed
A Test Fan Speed
2
where “cooling minimum fan speed” corresponds to the fan speed used when operating at low compressor
capacity (two-capacity system), the fan speed used when operating at the minimum compressor speed
(variable-speed system), or the lowest fan speed used when cooling (single-speed compressor and a
variable-speed variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan). For such systems, obtain the cooling minimum air
volume rate regardless of the external static pressure.
b.
For ducted units that regulate the air volume rate provided by the indoor fan, the manufacturer must specify
the cooling minimum air volume rate. For such systems, conduct all tests that specify the cooling
minimum air volume rate ─ (i.e., the A1, B1, C1, F1, and G1 tests) ─ at an external static pressure that does
not cause instability or an automatic shutdown of the indoor blower while being as close to, but not less
than,
=
A , B , C , F , and G
ΔP Test
ΔPst
1
1
1
1
where ΔP
st,A
1
st,A
2
 Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate 
× 

 Cooling Full − load Air Volume Rate 
2
is the applicable Table 11 minimum external static pressure that was targeted during the A2
2
(and B2) test.
c.
For ducted two-capacity units that are tested without an indoor fan installed, the cooling minimum air
volume rate is the higher of (1) the rate specified by the manufacturer or (2) 75 percent of the cooling fullload air volume rate. During the laboratory tests on a coil-only (fanless) unit, obtain this cooling minimum
air volume rate regardless of the pressure drop across the indoor coil assembly.
d.
For non-ducted units, the cooling minimum air volume rate is the air volume rate that results during each
test when the unit operates at an external static pressure of zero in H2O [0 Pa] and at the indoor fan setting
used at low compressor capacity (two-capacity system) or minimum compressor speed (variable-speed
system). For units having a single-speed compressor and a variable-speed variable-air-volume-rate indoor
fan, use the lowest fan setting allowed for cooling.
6.1.3.3.3 Cooling Intermediate Air Volume Rate.
a.
For ducted units that regulate the speed of the indoor fan,
Cooling Intermediate Air Volume Rate =
Cooling Full − load Air Volume Rate ×
E Test Fan Speed
V
A Test Fan Speed
2
For such units, obtain the cooling intermediate air volume rate regardless of the external static pressure.
b.
For ducted units that regulate the air volume rate provided by the indoor fan, the manufacturer must specify
the cooling intermediate air volume rate. For such systems, conduct the EV test at an external static
pressure that does not cause instability or an automatic shutdown of the indoor blower while being as close
to, but not less than,
E Test
ΔP
V
st,A
2
 Cooling Intermediate Air Volume Rate 
× 

 Cooling Full − load Air Volume Rate 
2
9
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
where ΔP
st,A
is the applicable Table 11 minimum external static pressure that was targeted during the A2
2
(and B2) test.
c.
For non-ducted units, the cooling intermediate air volume rate is the air volume rate that results when the
unit operates at an external static pressure of zero in H2O [0 Pa] and at the fan speed selected by the
controls of the unit for the EV test conditions.
6.1.3.3.4 Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate.
6.1.3.3.4.1 Ducted Heat Pumps Where the Heating and Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rates Are the
Same.
a.
b.
Use the cooling full-load air volume rate as the heating full-load air volume rate for:
1.
Ducted heat pumps that operate at the same indoor fan speed during both the A (or A2) and
the H1 (or H12) tests;
2.
Ducted heat pumps that regulate fan speed to deliver the same constant air volume rate
during both the A (or A2) and the H1 (or H12) tests; and
3.
Ducted heat pumps that are tested without an indoor fan installed (except two-capacity
northern heat pumps that are tested only at low capacity cooling - see 6.1.3.3.4.2).
For heat pumps that meet the above criteria “1” and “3,” no minimum requirements apply to the
measured external or internal, respectively, static pressure. For heat pumps that meet the above
criterion “2,” test at an external static pressure that does not cause instability or an automatic
shutdown of the indoor blower while being as close to, but not less than, the same Table 11
minimum external static pressure as was specified for the A (or A2) cooling mode test.
6.1.3.3.4.2 Ducted Heat Pumps Where the Heating and Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rates Are
Different Due To Indoor Fan Operation.
a.
For ducted heat pumps that regulate the speed (as opposed to the cfm) of the indoor fan,
Heating Full − load Air Volume Rate =
H1 or H1 Test Fan Speed
2
Cooling Full − load Air Volume Rate ×
A or A Test Fan Speed
2
For such heat pumps, obtain the heating full-load air volume rate without regard to the external
static pressure.
b.
For ducted heat pumps that regulate the air volume rate delivered by the indoor fan, the
manufacturer must specify the heating full-load air volume rate. For such heat pumps, conduct
all tests that specify the heating full-load air volume rate at an external static pressure that does
not cause instability or an automatic shutdown of the indoor blower while being as close to, but
not less than,
Heating Full − load
ΔP
st
=
− ΔP
Cooling Full Load
st
 Heating Air Volume Rate 
×

 Cooling Air Volume Rate 
where the cooling full-load ΔPst,H12 is the applicable Table 11
pressure that was specified for the A or A2 test.
c.
10
2
minimum external static
When testing ducted, two-capacity northern heat pumps (see Definition 1.46 of Appendix C),
use the appropriate approach of the above two cases for units that are tested with an indoor fan
installed. For coil-only (fanless) northern heat pumps, the heating full-load air volume rate is
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____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
the lesser of the rate specified by the manufacturer or 133 percent of the cooling full-load air
volume rate. For this latter case, obtain the heating full-load air volume rate regardless of the
pressure drop across the indoor coil assembly.
6.1.3.3.4.3 Ducted Heating-Only Heat Pumps. The manufacturer must specify the heating full-load air
volume rate.
a. For all ducted heating-only heat pumps tested with an indoor fan installed, except those having
a variable-speed, constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan. Conduct the following steps only during
the first test, the H1 or H12 Test.
1.
Achieve the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate.
2.
Measure the external static pressure.
3.
If this pressure is equal to or greater than the Table 11 minimum external static pressure
that applies given the heating-only heat pump’s rated heating capacity, use the current air
volume rate for all tests that require the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate.
4.
If the Table 11 minimum is not equaled or exceeded,
4a. reduce the air volume rate until the applicable Table11 minimum is equaled or
4b. until the measured air volume rate equals 95 percent of the manufacturer-specified Fullload Air Volume Rate, whichever occurs first.
5.
If the conditions of step 4a occurs first, use the step 4a reduced air volume rate for all tests
that require the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate.
6.
If the conditions of step 4b occur first, make an incremental change to the set-up of the
indoor fan (e.g., next highest fan motor pin setting, next highest fan motor speed) and
repeat the evaluation process beginning at above step 1. If the indoor fan set-up cannot be
further changed, reduce the air volume rate until the applicable Table 11 minimum is
equaled. Use this reduced air volume rate for all tests that require the Heating Full-load Air
Volume Rate.
b.
For ducted heating-only heat pumps that are tested with a variable-speed, constant-air-volumerate indoor fan installed. For all tests that specify the heating full load air volume rate, obtain an
external static pressure that does not cause instability or an automatic shutdown of the indoor
blower while being as close to, but not less than, the applicable Table 11 minimum.
c.
For ducted heating-only heat pumps that are tested without an indoor fan installed. For the H1
or H12 test, (exclusively), the pressure drop across the indoor coil assembly must not exceed
0.30 in H2O [75 Pa]. If this pressure drop is exceeded, reduce the air volume rate until the
measured pressure drop equals the specified maximum. Use this reduced air volume rate for all
tests that require the heating full-load air volume rate.
6.1.3.3.4.4 Non-ducted Heat Pumps, Including Non-ducted Heating-only Heat Pumps. For non-ducted
heat pumps, the heating full-load air volume rate is the air volume rate that results during each test when
the unit operates at an external static pressure of 0 in H2O [0 Pa].
6.1.3.3.4.5 Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate.
a.
For ducted heat pumps that regulate the speed (as opposed to the airflow) of the indoor fan,
11
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate =
 Heating Minimum Fan Speed 

Heating Full − load Air Volume Rate × 
H1 Test Fan Speed


2
where “heating minimum fan speed” corresponds to the fan speed used when operating at low
compressor capacity (two-capacity system), the lowest fan speed used at any time when
operating at the minimum compressor speed (variable-speed system), or the lowest fan speed
used when heating (single-speed compressor and a variable-speed variable-air-volume-rate
indoor fan). For such heat pumps, obtain the heating minimum air volume rate without regard
to the external static pressure.
b.
For ducted heat pumps that regulate the air volume rate delivered by the indoor fan, the
manufacturer must specify the heating minimum air volume rate. For such heat pumps, conduct
all tests that specify the heating minimum air volume rate ─ (i.e., the H01, H11, H21, and H31
tests) ─ at an external static pressure that does not cause instability or an automatic shutdown of
the indoor blower while being as close to, but not less than,
H0 , H1 , H2 , H3 Test ∆P
1
1
1
where ΔP
st,H1
1
st,H1
2
 Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate 
× 

 Heating Full − load Air Volume Rate 
2
is the minimum external static pressure that was targeted during the H12 test.
2
c.
For ducted two-capacity northern heat pumps that are tested with an indoor fan installed, use the
appropriate approach of the above two cases.
d.
For ducted two-capacity heat pumps that are tested without an indoor fan installed, use the
cooling minimum air volume rate as the heating minimum air volume rate. For ducted twocapacity northern heat pumps that are tested without an indoor fan installed, use the cooling fullload air volume rate as the heating minimum air volume rate. For ducted two-capacity heatingonly heat pumps that are tested without an indoor fan installed, the heating minimum air volume
rate is the higher of the rate specified by the manufacturer or 75 percent of the heating full-load
air volume rate. During the laboratory tests on a coil-only (fanless) unit, obtain the heating
minimum air volume rate without regard to the pressure drop across the indoor coil assembly.
e.
For non-ducted heat pumps, the heating minimum air volume rate is the air volume rate that
results during each test when the unit operates at an external static pressure of 0 in H2O [0 Pa]
and at the indoor fan setting used at low compressor capacity (two-capacity system) or
minimum compressor speed (variable-speed system). For units having a single-speed
compressor and a variable-speed, variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan, use the lowest fan setting
allowed for heating.
6.1.3.3.4.6 Heating Intermediate Air Volume Rate.
a.
For ducted heat pumps that regulate the speed of the indoor fan,
Heating Intermediate Air Volume Rate =
Heating Full − load Air Volume Rate ×
H2 Test Fan Speed
V
H1 Test Fan Speed
2
For such heat pumps, obtain the heating intermediate air volume rate without regard to the
external static pressure.
b.
12
For ducted heat pumps that regulate the air volume rate delivered by the indoor fan, the
manufacturer must specify the heating intermediate air volume rate. For such heat pumps,
conduct the H2V test at an external static pressure that does not cause instability or an automatic
__________________
____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
shutdown of the indoor blower while being as close to, but not less than,
H2 Test
ΔP
=
V
st, H1
where ΔP
st, H1
c.
2
 Heating Intermediate Air Volume Rate 


 Heating Full − load Air Volume Rate 
2
is the minimum external static pressure that was specified for the H12 test.
2
For non-ducted heat pumps, the heating intermediate air volume rate is the air volume rate that
results when the heat pump operates at an external static pressure of zero in H2O [0 Pa] and at
the fan speed selected by the controls of the unit for the H2V test conditions.
6.1.3.3.4.7 Heating Nominal Air Volume Rate. Except for the noted changes, determine the heating
nominal air volume rate using the approach described in section 6.1.3.3.4.6. Required changes include
substituting “H1N test” for “H2V test” within the first section 6.1.3.3.4.6 equation, substituting “H1N test
ΔPst” for “H2V test ΔPst” in the second section 6.1.3.3.4.6 equation, substituting “H1N test” for each “H2V
test”, and substituting “heating nominal air volume rate” for each “heating intermediate air volume rate.”
Heating Nominal Air Volume Rate =
H1 Test Fan Speed
Heating Air Volume Rate × N
H1 Test Fan Speed
2
H1 Test
ΔP = ΔP
×
N
st
st,H1
2
 Heating Nominal Air Volume Rate 


 Heating Full − load Air Volume Rate 
2
6.1.3.4 Outdoor-Coil Airflow Rate. All Standard Ratings shall be determined at the outdoor-coil airflow
rate specified by the manufacturer where the fan drive is adjustable. Where the fan drive is non-adjustable,
they shall be determined at the outdoor-coil airflow rate inherent in the equipment when operated with all
of the resistance elements associated with inlets, louvers, and any ductwork and attachments considered by
the manufacturer as normal installation practice. Once established, the outdoor coil air circuit of the
equipment shall remain unchanged throughout all tests prescribed herein.
6.1.3.5 Requirements For Separated Assemblies. All Standard Ratings for equipment in which the
outdoor section is separated from the indoor section, as in Types RC, RCY, RCU, RCUY, HRC, HORC,
HRCU and HORCU (shown in Section 4), shall be determined with at least 25 ft [7.6 m] of interconnection
tubing on each line of the size recommended by the manufacturer. Such equipment in which the
interconnection tubing is furnished as an integral part of the machine not recommended for cutting to
length shall be tested with the complete length of tubing furnished, or with 25 ft [7.6 m] of tubing,
whichever is greater. At least 10 ft [3.0 m] of the interconnection tubing shall be exposed to the outside
conditions. The line sizes, insulation, and details of installation shall be in accordance with the
manufacturer’s published recommendation.
6.1.4
Conditions For Standard Rating Tests.
6.1.4.1 Cooling Mode Tests For A Unit Having A Single-speed Compressor That Is Tested With A Fixedspeed Indoor Fan Installed, With A Constant-air-volume-rate Indoor Fan Installed, Or With No
Indoor Fan Installed. Conduct two steady-state wet coil tests, the A and B tests. Use the two
optional dry-coil tests, the steady-state C test and the cyclic D test, to determine the cooling mode
c
c
cyclic degradation coefficient, C . If the two optional tests are not conducted, assign C the
D
D
default value of 0.25. Table 3 specifies test conditions for these four tests.
13
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
Table 3. Cooling Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Single-Speed
Compressor and a Fixed-Speed Indoor Fan, a Constant Air Volume Rate
Indoor Fan, or No Indoor Fan
Test Description
A Test – required
(steady, wet coil)
B Test – required
(steady, wet coil)
C Test – optional
(steady, dry coil)
D Test – optional
(cyclic, dry coil)
Air Entering Indoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
Air Entering Outdoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
Cooling Air
Volume Rate
°C
80.0
26.7
67.0
19.4
95.0
35.0
75.0(1)
23.9(1)
80.0
26.7
67.0
19.4
82.0
27.8
65.0(1)
18.3(1)
80.0
26.7
(3)
82.0
27.8
─
80.0
26.7
(3)
82.0
27.8
─
Cooling Fullload (2)
Cooling Fullload (2)
Cooling Fullload (2)
(4)
Notes:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
The specified test condition only applies if the unit rejects condensate to the outdoor coil.
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.1.
The entering air must have a low enough moisture content so no condensate forms on the indoor coil. (It is
recommended that an indoor wet-bulb temperature of 57.0 °F [13.9 °C] or less be used.)
Maintain the airflow nozzles static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same
pressure difference or velocity pressure as measured during the C Test.
6.1.4.2 Heating Mode Tests For A Heat Pump Having A Single-speed Compressor That Is Tested With A
Fixed Speed Indoor Fan Installed, With A Constant-air-volume-rate Indoor Fan Installed, Or With No
Indoor Fan Installed. Conduct three tests: the high temperature (H1) test, the frost accumulation (H2) test,
and the low temperature (H3) test. Conduct the optional high temperature cyclic (H1C) test to determine
h
h
the heating mode cyclic degradation coefficient, C . If this optional test is not conducted, assign C the
D
D
default value of 0.25. Test conditions for these four tests are specified in Table 4.
Table 4. Heating Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Single-Speed
Compressor and a Fixed-Speed Indoor Fan, a Constant Air Volume
Rate Indoor Fan, or No Indoor Fan
Test Description
H1 Test
(required, steady)
H1C Test
(optional, cyclic)
H2 Test
(required)
H3 Test
(required, steady)
Air Entering Indoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
Air Entering Outdoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
47.0
8.33
43.0
6.11
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
47.0
8.33
43.0
6.11
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
35.0
1.67
33.0
0.56
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
17.0
-8.33
15.0
-9.44
Heating Air
Volume Rate
Heating Fullload (1)
(2)
Heating Fullload (1)
Heating Fullload (1)
Notes:
(1)
(2)
14
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.4.
Maintain the airflow nozzles static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same
pressure difference or velocity pressure as measured during the H1 Test.
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____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
6.1.4.3 Cooling Mode Tests For A Unit Having A Single-speed Compressor And A Variable-speed
Variable-air-volume-rate Indoor Fan Installed.
6.1.4.3.1 Indoor Fan Capacity Modulation That Correlates With The Outdoor Dry Bulb Temperature. Conduct four steady-state wet coil tests: the A2, A1 , B2, and B1 tests. Use the two
optional dry-coil tests, the steady-state C1 test and the cyclic D1 test, to determine the cooling
c
c
mode cyclic degradation coefficient, C . If the two optional tests are not conducted, assign C the
D
D
default value of 0.25. Table 5 specifies test conditions for these six tests.
6.1.4.3.2 Indoor Fan Capacity Modulation Based On Adjusting The Sensible To Total (S/T)
Cooling Capacity Ratio. The testing requirements are the same as specified in section 6.1.4.1 and
Table 3. Use a cooling air volume rate that represents a normal residential installation. If
performed, conduct the steady-state C test and the cyclic D test with the unit operating in the same
S/T capacity control mode as used for the B test.
Table 5. Cooling Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Single-Speed Compressor
and a Variable Air Volume Rate Indoor Fan that Correlates with the Outdoor
Dry Bulb Temperature (Section 6.1.4.3.1)
Test Description
A2 Test - required
(steady, wet coil)
A1 Test - required
(steady, wet coil)
B2 Test - required
(steady, wet coil)
B1 Test - required
(steady, wet coil)
C1 Test(4) - optional
(steady, dry coil)
D1 Test(4) - optional
(cyclic, dry coil)
Air Entering Indoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
Air Entering Outdoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
80.0
26.7
67.0
19.4
95.0
35.0
75.0(1)
23.9(1)
80.0
26.7
67.0
19.4
95.0
35.0
75.0(1)
23.9(1)
80.0
26.7
67.0
19.4
82.0
27.8
65.0(1)
18.3(1)
80.0
26.7
67.0
19.4
82.0
27.8
65.0(1)
18.3(1)
80.0
26.7
(4)
82.0
27.8
─
80.0
26.7
(4)
82.0
27.8
─
Cooling Air
Volume Rate
Cooling Fullload (2)
Cooling
Minimum(3)
Cooling Fullload (2)
Cooling
Minimum(3)
Cooling
Minimum(3)
(5)
Notes:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
The specified test condition only applies if the unit rejects condensate to the outdoor coil.
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.1.
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.2.
The entering air must have a low enough moisture content so no condensate forms on the indoor coil. (It is
recommended that an indoor wet-bulb temperature of 57.0 °F [13.9 °C] or less be used.)
Maintain the airflow nozzles static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same
pressure difference or velocity pressure as measured during the C1 Test.
6.1.4.4 Heating Mode Tests For A Heat Pump Having A Single-speed Compressor And A Variable-speed,
Variable-air-volume-rate Indoor Fan: Capacity Modulation Correlates With Outdoor Dry Bulb
Temperature. Conduct five tests: two high temperature tests (H12 and H11), one frost accumulation test
(H22), and two low temperature tests (H32 and H31). Conducting an additional frost accumulation test
(H21) is optional. Conduct the optional high temperature cyclic (H1C1) test to determine the heating mode
h
h
D
D
cyclic degradation coefficient, C . If this optional test is not conducted, assign C
the default value of
0.25. Table 6 specifies test conditions for these seven tests. If the optional H21 test is not done, use the
equations in section 3.6.2 of Appendix C to approximate the capacity and electrical power of the heat pump
at the H21 test conditions:
15
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
Table 6. Heating Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Single-Speed
Compressor and a Variable Air Volume Rate Indoor Fan
Test Description
H12 Test
(required, steady)
H11 Test
(required, steady)
H1C1 Test
(optional, cyclic)
H22 Test
(required)
H21 Test
(optional)
H32 Test
(required, steady)
H31 Test
(required, steady)
Air Entering Indoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
Air Entering Outdoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
47.0
8.33
43.0
6.11
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
47.0
8.33
43.0
6.11
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
47.0
8.33
43.0
6.11
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
35.0
1.67
33.0
0.56
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
35.0
1.67
33.0
0.56
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
17.0
-8.33
15.0
-9.44
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
17.0
-8.33
15.0
-9.44
Heating Air
Volume Rate
Heating Fullload (1)
Heating
Minimum(2)
(3)
Heating Fullload (1)
Heating
Minimum(2)
Heating Fullload (1)
Heating
Minimum(2)
Notes:
(1)
(2)
(3)
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.4.
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.5.
Maintain the airflow nozzles static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same
pressure difference or velocity pressure as measured during the H11 Test.
6.1.4.5 Cooling Mode Tests For A Unit Having A Two-capacity Compressor. (See Definition 1.45 in
Appendix C.)
a.
Conduct four steady-state wet coil tests: the A2, F1, B2, and B1 tests. Use the two
optional dry-coil tests, the steady-state C1 test and the cyclic D1 test, to determine the
c
cooling mode cyclic degradation coefficient, C .
D
If the two optional tests are not
c
conducted, assign C the default value of 0.25. Table 7 specifies test conditions for these
D
six tests.
16
b.
For units having a variable speed indoor fan that is modulated to adjust the sensible to
total (S/T) cooling capacity ratio, use cooling and cooling minimum air volume rates that
represent a normal residential installation. Additionally, if conducting the optional drycoil tests, operate the unit in the same S/T capacity control mode as used for the B1 test.
c.
Test two-capacity, northern heat pumps (see Definition 1.46 of Appendix C) in the same
way as a single speed heat pump with the unit operating exclusively at low compressor
capacity (see section 6.1.4.1 and Table 3).
d.
If a two-capacity air conditioner or heat pump locks out low capacity operation at outdoor
temperatures that are less than 95.0 °F [35.0 °C], conduct the F1 test using the outdoor
temperature conditions listed for the F1 test in Table 9 rather than using the outdoor
temperature conditions listed in Table 7 for the F1 test.
__________________
____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 7. Cooling Mode Test Conditions for Units
Having a Two-Capacity Compressor
Air Entering Indoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
Test Description
Air Entering Outdoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
Compressor
Capacity
Cooling Air
Volume Rate
A2 Test – required
Cooling FullHigh
80.0 26.7 67.0 19.4
95.0 35.0
75.0(1) 23.9(1)
(steady, wet coil)
Load2)
B2 Test – required
Cooling Full80.0 26.7 67.0 19.4
82.0 27.8
65.0(1) 18.3(1)
High
(steady, wet coil)
Load2)
B1 Test – required
Cooling
Low
80.0 26.7 67.0 19.4
82.0 27.8
65.0(1) 18.3(1)
(steady, wet coil)
Minimum(3)
C2 Test – optional
Cooling Full(4)
80.0 26.7
82.0 27.8
High
−
(steady, dry-coil)
Load(2)
D2 Test – optional
(4)
(5)
82.0 27.8
High
80.0 26.7
−
(cyclic, dry-coil)
C1 Test – optional
Cooling
(4)
80.0 26.7
82.0 27.8
Low
−
(steady, dry-coil)
Minimum(3)
D1 Test – optional
(4)
(6)
82.0 27.8
Low
80.0 26.7
−
(cyclic, dry-coil)
F1 Test – required
Cooling
80.0 26.7 67.0 19.4
67.0 19.4
53.5(1) 11.9(1)
Low
(steady, wet coil)
Minimum(3)
(1)
The specified test condition only applies if the unit rejects condensate to the outdoor coil.
(2)
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.1.
(3)
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.2.
(4)
The entering air must have a low enough moisture content so no condensate forms on the indoor coil. DOE
recommends using an indoor air wet-bulb temperature of 57.0 °F [13.9 °C] or less.
(5)
Maintain the airflow nozzle(s) static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same
pressure or velocity as measured during the C2 Test.
(6)
Maintain the airflow nozzle(s) static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same
pressure or velocity as measured during the C1 Test.
6.1.4.6 Heating Mode Tests For A Heat Pump Having A Two-capacity Compressor (See Definition 1.45
of Appendix C), Including Two-capacity, Northern Heat Pumps (See Definition 1.46 of Appendix C).
a.
Conduct one maximum temperature test (H01), two high temperature tests (H12 and H11), one
frost accumulation test (H22), and one low temperature test (H32). Conduct an additional frost
accumulation test (H21) and low temperature test (H31) if both of the following conditions
exist:
1.
2.
knowledge of the heat pump’s capacity and electrical power at low compressor capacity
for outdoor temperatures of 37.0 °F [2.78 °C] and less is needed to complete the
Appendix C section 4.2.3 seasonal performance calculations, and
the heat pump’s controls allow low capacity operation at outdoor temperatures of 37.0 °F
[2.78 °C] and less.
17
_____________
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
b.
Conduct the optional maximum temperature cyclic test (H0C1) to determine the heating mode
h
h
cyclic degradation coefficient, C . If this optional test is not conducted, assign C the default
D
D
value of 0.25. Table 8 specifies test conditions for these eight tests.
Table 8. Heating Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Two-Capacity Compressor
Test Description
H01 Test
(required, steady)
H12 Test
(required, steady)
H1C2 Test
(optional, cyclic)
H11 Test
(required)
H1C1 Test
(optional, cyclic)
H22 Test
(required)
H21 Test(5,6)
(required)
H32 Test
(required, steady)
H31 Test(5)
(required, steady)
Air Entering Indoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
Air Entering Outdoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
Compressor
Capacity
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
62.0
16.7
56.5
13.6
Low
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
47.0
8.33
43.0
6.11
High
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
47.0
8.33
43.0
6.11
High
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
47.0
8.33
43.0
6.11
Low
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
47.0
8.33
43.0
6.11
Low
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
35.0
1.67
33.0
0.56
High
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
35.0
1.67
33.0
0.56
Low
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
17.0
-8.33
15.0
-9.44
High
70.0
21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
17.0
-8.33
15.0
-9.44
Low
Heating Air
Volume Rate
Heating
Minimum(1)
Heating
Full-Load(2)
(3)
Heating
Minimum(1)
(4)
Heating FullLoad(2)
Heating
Minimum(1)
Heating FullLoad(2)
Heating
Minimum(1)
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.5.
(2)
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.4.
(3)
Maintain the airflow nozzle(s) static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same pressure or
velocity as measured during the H12 Test.
(4)
Maintain the airflow nozzle(s) static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same pressure or
velocity as measured during the H11 Test.
(5)
Required only if the heat pump’s performance when operating at low compressor capacity and outdoor temperatures less
than 37.0 °F [2.78 °C] is needed to complete the Appendix C section 4.2.3 HSPF calculations.
(6)
 k =1 (35) and E k =1 (35) may be used in lieu of
If table note #5 applies, the Appendix C section 3.6.3 equations for Q
h
h
conducting the H21 Test.
18
__________________
____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
6.1.4.7 Tests For A Unit Having A Variable-speed Compressor.
a.
Conduct five steady-state wet coil tests: the A2, EV, B2, B1, and F1 tests. Use the two
optional dry-coil tests, the steady-state G1 test and the cyclic I1 test, to determine the
c
cooling mode cyclic degradation coefficient, C .
D
If the two optional tests are not
c
conducted, assign C the default value of 0.25. Table 9 specifies test conditions for these
D
seven tests.
Table 9. Cooling Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Variable-Speed Compressor
Test Description
A2 Test – required
(steady, wet coil)
B2 Test – required
(steady, wet coil)
EV Test - required
(steady, wet coil)
B1 Test – required
(steady, wet coil)
F1 Test – required
(steady, wet coil)
G1 Test - optional
(steady, dry coil)
I1 Test - optional
(cyclic, dry coil)
Air Entering
Indoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F °C
°F
°C
Air Entering
Outdoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
80.0 26.7
67.0 19.4
95.0 35.0
75.0(1) 23.9(1)
Maximum
80.0 26.7
67.0 19.4
82.0 27.8
65.0(1) 18.3(1)
Maximum
80.0 26.7
67.0 19.4
87.0 30.6
69.0(1) 20.6(1)
Intermediate
80.0 26.7
67.0 19.4
82.0 27.8
65.0(1) 18.3(1)
Minimum
80.0 26.7
67.0 19.4
67.0 19.4
53.5(1) 11.9(1)
Minimum
80.0 26.7
(5)
67.0 19.4
─
Minimum
80.0 26.7
(5)
67.0 19.4
─
Minimum
Compressor
Speed
Cooling Air
Volume Rate
Cooling Fullload (2)
Cooling Fullload (2)
Cooling
Intermediate(3)
Cooling
Minimum(4)
Cooling
Minimum(4)
Cooling
Minimum(4)
(6)
Notes:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
The specified test condition only applies if the unit rejects condensate to the outdoor coil.
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.1.
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.3.
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.2.
The entering air must have a low enough moisture content so no condensate forms on the indoor coil. (It is
recommended that an indoor wet-bulb temperature of 57.0 °F [13.9 °C] or less be used.)
Maintain the airflow nozzles static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same
pressure difference or velocity pressure as measured during the G1 Test.
6.1.4.8 Heating Mode Tests For A Heat Pump Having A Variable-speed Compressor.
a.
Conduct one maximum temperature test (H01), two high temperature tests (H12 and H11),
one frost accumulation test (H2V), and one low temperature test (H32). Conducting one
or both of the following tests is optional: an additional high temperature test (H1N) and an
additional frost accumulation test (H22). Conduct the optional maximum temperature
h
cyclic (H0C1) test to determine the heating mode cyclic degradation coefficient, CD . If
h
this optional test is not conducted, assign CD the default value of 0.25.
Table 10
specifies test conditions for these eight tests.
19
_____________
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
Table 10. Heating Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Variable-Speed Compressor
Air Entering
Indoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F °C
°F
°C
Test Description
H01 Test
(required, steady)
H0C1 Test
(optional, cyclic)
H12 Test
(required, steady)
H11 Test
(required, steady)
H1N Test
(optional, steady)
H22 Test
(optional)
H2V Test
(required)
H32 Test
(required, steady)
Air Entering
Outdoor Unit
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
°F
°C
°F
°C
Compressor
Speed
Heating Air
Volume Rate
Heating
Minimum(1)
70.0 21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
62.0
16.7
56.5 13.6
Minimum
70.0 21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
62.0
16.7
56.5 13.6
Minimum
70.0 21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
47.0
8.33
43.0 6.11
Maximum
70.0 21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
47.0
8.33
43.0 6.11
Minimum
70.0 21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
47.0
8.33
43.0 6.11
Cooling Mode
Maximum
70.0 21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
35.0
1.67
33.0 0.56
Maximum
70.0 21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
35.0
1.67
33.0 0.56
Intermediate
70.0 21.1
60.0(max) 15.6(max)
17.0 -8.33
15.0 -9.44
Maximum
(2)
Heating Fullload (3)
Heating
Minimum(1)
Heating
Nominal(4)
Heating Fullload (3)
Heating
Intermediate(5)
Heating Fullload (3)
Notes:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.5.
Maintain the airflow nozzles static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same pressure
difference or velocity pressure as measured during the H01 Test.
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.4.
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.7.
Defined in section 6.1.3.3.6.
Table 11. Minimum External Static Pressure for Ducted Systems
Tested with an Indoor Fan Installed
(1)
Rated Cooling or
Heating(2) Capacity
Btu/h
Up thru 28,800
29,000 to 42,500
43,000 and Above
(1)
kW
Up thru 8.44
8.5 to 12.4
12.6 thru 19.0
Minimum External Resistance(3)
All Other Systems
Small-Duct, HighVelocity Systems(4,5)
in H2O
0.10
0.15
0.20
in H2O
1.10
1.15
1.20
Pa
25
37
50
Pa
275
288
300
For air conditioners and heat pumps, the value cited by the manufacturer in published literature for the unit’s
capacity when operated at the A or A2 Test conditions.
(2)
For heating-only heat pumps, the value the manufacturer cites in published literature for the unit’s capacity
when operated at the H1 or H12 Test conditions.
(3)
For ducted units tested without an air filter installed, increase the applicable tabular value by 0.08 in H2O
[20 Pa].
(4)
See Definition 1.35 of Appendix C to determine if the equipment qualifies as a small-duct, high-velocity
system.
(5)
If a closed-loop, air-enthalpy test apparatus is used on the indoor side, limit the resistance to airflow on the
inlet side of the indoor blower coil to a maximum value of 0.10 in H2O [25 Pa]. Impose the balance of the
airflow resistance on the outlet side of the indoor blower.
20
__________________
____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 12. Conditions for Standard Rating Tests and Operating Requirement Tests
for Water-cooled and Evaporatively-cooled Equipment Using ASHRAE Standard 37
INDOOR SECTION
Air Entering
Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb
OUTDOOR SECTION
Evaporatively-cooled
Water-cooled2
Air Entering Temperature
Air Entering Temperature
Dry-Bulb
Wet-Bulb Make-up Water 3 Condenser Inlet Condenser Outlet
°F
°C
°F
°C
°F
°C
Standard Rating
Conditions
Cooling 1
80.0
26.7
67.0
19.4
95.0
35.0
Low
Temperature
Operating
Cooling
67.0
19.4
57.0
13.9
67.0
Insulation
Efficiency
80.0
26.7
75.0
23.9
Condensate
Disposal
80.0
26.7
75.0
Maximum
Operating
Conditions
80.0
26.7
Part Load
Conditions
(IEER)
80.0
Part-Load
Conditions
(IPLV)
80.0
COOLING
TEST
°F
°C
°F
°C
°F
°C
75.0 23.9
85.0
29.4
85.0
29.4
95.0
35.0
19.4
57.0 13.9
67.0
19.4
-
-
70.0
21.1
80.0
26.7
75.0 23.9
85.0
29.4
-
-
80.0
26.7
23.9
80.0
26.7
75.0 23.9
85.0
29.4
-
-
80.0
26.7
67.0
19.4
100.0 37.78
80.0 26.7
90.0
32.2
90.0
100.0
37.78
26.7
67.0
19.4
Varies with
load per
Table 12A
Varies with
load per
Table 12A
Varies with
load per Table
12A
26.7
67.0
19.4
80.0
67.0 19.4
77.0
26.7
°F
°C
77.0
25.0
32.2
Varies with
load per Table
12A
75.02
23.9
25.0
Varies with
load per Table
12A
Assume full
load water flow
rate so outlet
temperature is a
function of test
-
Notes:
1
2
3
Same conditions used for Voltage Tolerance Tests
Water flow rate as determined from Standard Rating Conditions.
Water in basin shall not overflow.
6.2
Part-Load Rating. Only systems which are capable of capacity reduction shall be rated at 100% and at each step of
capacity reduction provided by the refrigeration system(s) as published by the manufacturer. These rating points shall be
used to calculate the IPLV (see 6.2.2).
6.2.1
Part-Load Rating Conditions. Test conditions for part-load ratings shall be per Table 12.
Any water flow required for system function shall be at water flow rates established at (full load) Standard Rating
Conditions. Capacity reduction means may be adjusted to obtain the specified step of unloading. No manual
adjustment of indoor and outdoor airflow rates from those of the Standard Rating Conditions shall be made.
However, automatic adjustment of airflow rates by system function is permissible.
6.2.2
Integrated Part-Load Value (IPLV). For equipment covered by this standard, the IPLV shall be calculated
as follows:
a.
Determine the capacity and EER at the conditions specified in Table 12.
b.
Determine the part-load factor (PLF) from Figure 1 at each rating point (see Appendix E).
c.
Use the following equation to calculate IPLV:
21
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
_____________




 EER + EER 
 EER + EER 
1
2 
2
3


 
=
IPLV
+  PLF − PLF  × 
+ ⋅⋅
 PLF − PLF  ×
2
2
1
2
2
3




+ EER 
 EER
n −1
n 

 
+  PLF
− PLF  ×
+  PLF  ×  EER 
2
n
1
n
n 
n
−



where:
PLF
= Part-load factor determined from Figure 1
n
= Total number of capacity steps
Superscript 1
= 100% capacity and EER at part-load Rating Conditions
Subscript 2, 3 etc. = Specific capacity and EER at part-load steps per 6.2
6.2 Part-Load Rating. All unitary water-cooled and evaporatively-cooled units rated in accordance with this standard (not
applicable to air-cooled Unitary Air Conditioners or Air-Source Unitary Heat Pumps) shall include an Integrated Energy
Efficiency Ratio (IEER), even if they have only one stage of cooling capacity control.
6.2.1
General. The IEER is intended to be a measure of merit for the part-load performance of the unit. Each
building may have different part-load performance due to local occupancy schedules, building construction, building
location and ventilation requirements. For specific building energy performance an hour-by-hour energy analysis
program should be used.
6.2.2
Integrated Energy Efficiency Ratio (IEER). For equipment covered by this standard, the IEER shall be
calculated using test derived data and the following formula.
IEER = (0.020 · A) + (0.617 · B) + (0.238 · C) + (0.125 · D)
1
Where:
A
B
C
D
=
=
=
=
EER at 100% net capacity at AHRI Standard Rating Conditions
EER at 75% net capacity and reduced air entering outdoor unit conditions (see Table 5)
EER at 50% net capacity and reduced air entering outdoor unit conditions (see Table 5)
EER at 25% net capacity and reduced air entering outdoor unit conditions (see Table 5)
The IEER rating requires that the unit efficiency be determined at 100%, 75%, 50% and 25% load (net capacity) at the
conditions specified in Table 5. If the unit, due to its capacity control logic cannot be operated at the 75%, 50%, or
25% load points, then the 75%, 50%, or 25% EER is determined by plotting the tested EER vs. the percent load and
using straight line segments to connect the actual performance points. Linear interpolation is used to determine the
EER at 75%, 50% and 25% net capacity. For the interpolation, an actual capacity point equal to or less than the
required rating point must be used to plot the curves. Extrapolation of the data is not allowed.
If the unit cannot be unloaded to the 75%, 50%, or 25% load then the unit should be run at the minimum step of
unloading at the condenser conditions defined for each of the rating load points and then the efficiency should be
adjusted for cyclic performance using the following equation.
EER =
LF·Net Capacity
LF·[CD ·(PC + PCF )] + PIF + PCT
2
Where:
22
CD
=
Net Capacity
=
The degradation coefficient to account for cycling of the compressor for capacity less
than the minimum step of capacity. CD should be determined using equation 3.
Measured net capacity at the lowest machine unloading point operating at the desired
part-load Rating Condition, Btu/h
__________________
____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
PC
=
PCF
=
PCT
PIF
=
=
Compressor power at the lowest machine unloading point operating at the desired partload Rating Condition, watts
For water-cooled equipment this is the total power allowance for cooling tower fan motor
and circulating pump motor power as defined in Section 6.1 at full load rating conditions.
For evaporatively-cooled products it is the power draw of the evaporatively fan and
circulating pumps for the actual tested product.
Control circuit power and any auxiliary loads, watts
Indoor fan motor power at the fan speed for the minimum step of capacity, watts
CD =
(−0.13 · LF) + 1.13
3
Where:
LF is the fractional “on” time for last stage at the desired load point.
 %Load 

 ·(Full Load Unit Net Capacity)
100 
LF = 
Part Load Unit Net Capacity
4
%Load = The standard rating point i.e. 75%, 50%, 25%.
Table 12A. IEER Part-Load Rating Conditions
CONDITIONS
Indoor Air
Return Air Dry-Bulb Temperature
Return Air Wet-Bulb Temperature
Indoor Airflow Rate
Condenser (Water-Cooled)
Entering Condenser Water Temperature
(EWT)
Condenser Water Flow Rate (gpm)
Condenser (Evaporatively-Cooled)
Entering Wet-Bulb Temperature (EWB)
Entering Dry-Bulb Temperature (EDB)
Note:
1
°F
°C
80.0
67.0
Note 1
26.7
19.4
Note 1
For % Load > 34.8%,
EWT = 0.460 · % LOAD + 39
For % Load ≤ 34.8%, EWT = 55.0
For % Load > 34.8% ,
EWT = 0.256 · % LOAD + 3.8
For % Load ≤ 34.8%, EWT = 12.8
full load flow
full load flow
For % Load > 36.6%,
EWB = 0.35 · % Load + 40
For % Load ≤ 36.6%, EWB = 52.8
For % Load > 36.6%,
EWB = 0.19 · % Load + 4.4
For % Load ≤36.6%, EWB = 11.6
For % Load >44.4%
EDB=0.54 ∙% Load +41
For % Load≤44.4%, EDB= 65.0
For % Load >44.4%
EDB=0.30 ∙% Load +5.0
For % Load≤44.4%, EDB= 18.3
For fixed speed indoor fans the airflow rate should be held constant at the full load airflow rate.
For VAV units the airflow rate at part load should be adjusted to maintain the full load measured leaving air drybulb temperature and the external static pressure should be reduced per the following equation. The tolerance for the
leaving air dry-bulb temperature on VAV units is ±0.3 °F [±0.2 °C].
For units using discrete step fan control, the fan speed should be adjusted as specified by the controls and the
external static pressure should be reduced per the following equation.
(
)
2
ExternalStatic = FullLoadExternalStatic × PartLoadCFM
FullLoadCFM
23
_____________
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
Example 1 – Water-cooled unit with proportional capacity control and can be run at the 75%, 50%, and 25% rating
points and has a fixed speed indoor fan.
Assume that the unit has the following measured performance
Stage
EWT
4
3
2
1
(F)
85.0
73.5
62.0
55.0
Actual %
Gross
Net
Cmpr
Load
Capacity Capacity (PC)
(Net Cap)
%
Btu/h
Btu/h
W
100.0
54,000
52,065 3,121
75.0
40,984
39,049 1,579
50.0
21,459
19,525
634
25.0
14,951
13,016
284
Tower
(PCF )
Indoor
(PIF )
Control
(PCT)
EER
W
540
540
540
540
W
567
567
567
567
W
75
75
75
75
Btu/(W·h)
12.100
14.143
10.751
8.879
Using the measured performance you can then calculate the IEER as follows:
IEER = (0.020∙ 12.100) + (0.617 ∙ 14.143) + (0.238 ∙ 10.751) + (0.125 ∙ 8.879) = 12.637
Using the round off requirements, the unit would have a capacity rating of 52,000 Btu/h, an EER rating of 12.1, and an
IEER rating of 12.6.
Example 2 – Water-cooled unit with a single compressor and a fixed speed indoor fan.
Assume the unit has the following tested performance.
Stage
EWT
1
1
1
1
(F)
85.0
73.5
62.0
55.0
Actual %
Gross
Net
Cmpr
Load
Capacity Capacity (PC)
(Net Cap)
%
Btu/h
Btu/h
W
100
54,000
52,065 3,121
105.6
56,900
54,965 2,756
111.0
59,724
57,789 2,419
113.6
61,096
59,161 2,225
Tower
(PCF )
Indoor
(PIF )
Control
(PCT)
EER
W
540
540
540
540
W
567
567
567
567
W
75
75
75
75
Btu/(W·h)
12.100
13.958
16.049
17.363
The example 2 unit only has one stage of capacity control so it cannot unload. Therefore four tests have been run at
the rating points for 75%, 50% and 25% load condenser water conditions and then as shown below the performance
has to be adjusted for the cyclic performance using the requirements of 6.2.2
Stage
EWT
1
1
(F)
85.0
73.5
1
68.0
1
65.0
Actual %
Load
(Net Cap)
%
100.0
105.6
75.0
111.0
50.0
113.6
25.0
Gross
Capacity
Net
Capacity
Cmpr
Btu/h
54,000
56,900
Btu/h
52,065
54,965
W
3,121
2,756
59,724
57,789
61,096
59,161
(P C)
Tower
(P CF)
Indoor
Control
(P IF )
(P CT)
W
W
W
540
567
75
540
567
75
Adjusted for Cyclic Performance
2,419
540
567
75
Adjusted for Cyclic Performance
2,225
540
567
75
The following is an example of the CD calculations for the 50% load point.
50
� × 52,065
100
 =
= 0.450
57,789
�
24
EER
CD
Btu/(W·h)
12.100
13.958
12.713
1.038
16.049
12.576
1.071
17.363
9.920
1.101
LF
0.710
0.450
0.220
__________________
____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
 = (−0.13 × 0.450) + 1.13 = 1.071
50% =
0.450 ∙ 57,789
= 12.576
0.450 ∙ [1.071 ∙ (2,419 + 540)] + 567 + 75
Using the above post test calculations shown in the table the IEER calculations are shown in the following equation.
IEER = (0.020 ∙ 12.100) + (0.617 ∙ 12.713) + (0.238 ∙ 12.576) + (0.125 ∙ 9.920) = 12.319
Using the round off requirements, the unit would have a capacity rating of 52,000 Btu/h, an EER rating of 12.1, and an
IEER rating of 12.3.
Example 3 – Water cooled unit with 2 stages of capacity and a 2 speed indoor fan that operates on low speed during
operating of stage 1
Assume the following tested performance;
Stage
EWT
2
1
1
1
(F)
85.0
71.7
62.0
55.0
Actual %
Gross
Net
Cmpr
Load
Capacity Capacity (PC)
(Net Cap)
%
Btu/h
Btu/h
W
100.0
54,000
52,065 3,121
71.0
37,740
36,966 1,610
74.6
39,613
38,839 1,413
76.3
40,523
39,749 1,300
Tower
(PCF )
Indoor
(PIF )
Control
(PCT)
EER
W
540
540
540
540
W
567
227
227
227
W
75
75
75
75
Btu/(W·h)
12.100
15.077
17.224
18.558
To obtain the rating for the 75% rating point interpolation between the stage 2 and stage 1 performance is required
because the stage 1 capacity is 71% which is less than the 75% rating point. For the 50% and 25% rating point the
unit cannot unload to these levels and therefore the CD factor must be used. The details are shown in the following
table.
Stage
EWT
2
1
(F)
85.0
71.7
1
62.0
1
55.0
Actual %
Load
(Net Cap)
%
100.0
71.0
75.0
74.6
50.0
76.3
25.0
Gross
Capacity
Net
Capacity
Cmpr
Tower
(P CF)
Indoor
Control
(P C)
(P IF )
(P CT)
Btu/h
54,000
37,740
Btu/h
52,065
36,966
W
3,121
1,610
W
540
540
W
567
227
39,613
38,839
40,523
39,749
W
75
75
interpolation
1,413
540
227
75
Adjusted for Cyclic Performance
1,300
540
227
75
EER
LF
CD
Btu/(W·h)
12.100
15.077
14.667
17.224
15.616
1.043
18.558
13.601
1.087
0.670
0.327
Based on this then the IEER can be calculated as shown below.
IEER = (0.020 ∙ 12.100) + (0.617 ∙ 14.667) + (0.238 ∙ 15.616) + (0.125 ∙ 13.601) = 14.708
Using the round off requirements, the unit would have a capacity rating of 52,000 Btu/h, an EER rating of 12.1, and an
IEER rating of 14.7.
Example 4 – Evaporatively-cooled unit with 2 stages of capacity and a 2 speed indoor fan where the fan operates on
low speed during operation of stage 1.
Assume the following tested performance:
25
_____________
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
Stage
EDB
EWB
2
1
1
1
F
95.0
79.3
68.0
65.0
F
75.0
64.8
57.5
52.8
Actual % Gross
Net
Cmpr
Load
Capacity Capacity (PC)
(Net Cap)
%
Btu/h
Btu/h
W
100.0
54,000
52,065 3,152
71.0
37,740
36,966 1,626
74.6
39,613
38,839 1,426
76.3
40,523
39,749 1,312
Evap
Cond
(PCF )
W
500
500
500
500
Indoor Control
(PIF )
(PCT)
W
567
227
227
227
W
75
75
75
75
EER
Btu/(W·h)
12.125
15.226
17.434
18.805
To obtain the rating for the 75% rating point interpolation between the stage 2 and stage 1 performance is required
because the stage 1 capacity us 71% which is less than the 75% rating point. For the 50% and 25% rating points the
unit can not unload to these levels and therefore the CD factor must be used. The details are shown in the following
table.
Stage
OAT
EDB
EWB
2
1
F
95.0
79.3
F
75.0
64.8
1
68.0
57.5
1
65.0
52.8
Actual %
Load
(Net Cap)
%
100.0
71.0
75.0
74.6
50.0
76.3
25.0
Gross
Net
Capacity Capacity
Cmpr
(PC )
Btu/h
54000.0
37740.0
Btu/h
52,065
36,966
W
3,152
1,626
39613.0
38,839
40523.0
39,749
Evap
Cond
(PCF )
W
500
500
Indoor Control
(PIF )
(PCT)
EER
W
W
Btu/(W·h)
567
75
12.125
227
75
15.226
Interpolation 14.799
1,426
500
227
75
17.434
Adjusted for Cyclic Performance 15.796
1,312
500
227
75
18.805
13.744
CD
LF
1.043
0.670
1.087
0.327
Based on this then the IEER can be calculated as shown below.
IEER = (0.020 ∙ 12.125) + (0.617 ∙ 14.799) + (0.238 ∙ 15.796) + (0.125 ∙ 13.744) = 14.851
Using the round off requirements, the unit would have a capacity rating of 52,000 Btu/h, an EER rating of 12.1, and an
IEER rating of 14.9.
6.3
Application Ratings. Ratings at conditions of temperature or airflow rate other than those specified in 6.1.3 and
6.2.1 may be published as Application Ratings, and shall be based on data determined by the methods prescribed in 6.1.
Application Ratings in the defrost region shall include net capacity and COP based upon a complete defrost cycle.
6.4
Publication of Ratings. Wherever Application Ratings are published or printed, they shall include, or be
accompanied by the Standard Ratings, plus the IEER (where applicable), plus the IPLV (where applicable), clearly
designated as such, including a statement of the conditions at which the ratings apply.
6.4.1
Capacity Designation. The capacity designation used in published specifications, literature or advertising,
controlled by the manufacturer, for equipment rated under this standard, shall be expressed only in Btu/h
[W] at the Standard Rating Conditions specified in 6.1.3 plus part-load Rating Conditions specified in 6.2.1
and in the terms described in 6.1.1 and 6.1.2. Horsepower, tons or other units shall not be used as capacity
designation.
6.5
Tolerances. To comply with this standard, measured test results shall not be less than 95% of Published Ratings for
performance ratios and capacities, except IEER which shall not be less than 90% of Published Ratings.
Note: Residential and commercial products covered under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) shall be rated in
accordance with 10 CFR section 16 and section 43 respectively.
26
__________________
____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Section 7. Minimum Data Requirements for Published Ratings
7.1
Minimum Data Requirements For Published Ratings. As a minimum, Published Ratings shall consist of the
following information:
a.
For Unitary Air-Conditioners (air-cooled)
1.
2.
b.
For Unitary Air-Conditioners (water-cooled and evaporatively-cooled)
1.
2.
3.
c.
AHRI standard rating cooling capacity
Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio, SEER
AHRI standard rating cooling capacity
Energy Efficiency Ratio, EER
Integrated Energy Efficiency Ratio, IEER
For all Air-Source Unitary Heat Pumps
1. AHRI standard rating cooling capacity
2. Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio, SEER
3. High temperature heating standard rating capacity
4. Region IV Heating Seasonal Performance Factor, HSPF, minimum design heating requirement
7.2
Latent Capacity Designation. The moisture removal designation shall be published in the manufacturer’s
specifications and literature. The value shall be expressed consistently in either gross or net in one or more of the following
forms:
a.
b.
c.
Sensible capacity/total capacity ratio and total capacity
Latent capacity and total capacity
Sensible capacity and total capacity
7.3
Rating Claims. All claims to ratings within the scope of this standard shall include the statement “Rated in
accordance with ANSI/AHRI Standard 210/240”. All claims to ratings outside the scope of this standard shall include the
statement: “Outside the scope of ANSI/AHRI Standard 210/240”. Wherever Application Ratings are published or printed,
they shall include a statement of the conditions at which the ratings apply.
Section 8. Operating Requirements
8.1
Operating Requirements. Unitary equipment shall comply with the provisions of this section such that any
production unit will meet the requirements detailed herein.
8.2
Maximum Operating Conditions Test. Unitary equipment shall pass the following maximum operating conditions
test with an indoor-coil airflow rate as determined under 6.1.3.3.
8.2.1
Temperature Conditions. Temperature conditions shall be maintained as shown in Tables 12 or 13.
27
_____________
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
Table 13. Conditions for Operating Requirement Tests for Air-cooled Equipment
INDOOR UNIT
OUTDOOR UNIT
Air Entering Temperature
Air Entering Temperature
TEST
HEATING
COOLING
°F
Dry-Bulb
°C
°F
Wet-Bulb
°C
°F
Dry-Bulb
°C
°F
Wet-Bulb
°C
Voltage Tolerance
80.0
26.7
67.0
19.4
95.0
35.0
75.0 1
23.9
Low Temperature Operation
Cooling
67.0
19.4
57.0
13.9
67.0
19.4
57.0 1
13.9
Insulation Efficiency
80.0
26.7
75.0
23.9
80.0
26.7
75.0 1
23.9
Condensate Disposal
80.0
26.7
75.0
23.9
80.0
26.7
75.0 1
23.9
Maximum Operating Conditions
80.0
26.7
67.0
19.4
115.0
46.11
75.0 1
23.9
Voltage Tolerance (Heating-only
units)
70.0
21.1
60.0
(max)
15.6
47.0
8.3
43.0
6.1
Maximum Operating Conditions
80.0
26.7
-
75.0
23.9
65.0
18.3
-
Notes:
1
The wet-bulb temperature condition is not required when testing air-cooled condensers which do not evaporate
condensate.
8.2.2
Voltages. The test shall be run at the Range A minimum utilization voltage from AHRI Standard 110,
Table 1, based upon the unit's nameplate rated voltage(s). This voltage shall be supplied at the unit's service
connection and at rated frequency.
8.2.3
Procedure. The equipment shall be operated for one hour at the temperature conditions and voltage
specified.
8.2.4
Requirements. The equipment shall operate continuously without interruption for any reason for one hour.
8.2.4.1 Units with water-cooled condensers shall be capable of operation under these maximum
conditions at a water- pressure drop not to exceed 15.0 psi [103 kPa], measured across the unit.
8.3
Voltage Tolerance Test. Unitary equipment shall pass the following voltage tolerance test with a cooling coil
airflow rate as determined under 6.1.3.3.
8.3.1
Temperature Conditions. Temperature conditions shall be maintained at the standard cooling (and/or
standard heating, as required) steady state conditions as shown in Tables 12 or 13.
8.3.2
Voltages.
8.3.2.1 Tests shall be run at the Range B minimum and maximum utilization voltages from AHRI
Standard 110, Table 1, based upon the unit's nameplate rated voltage(s). These voltages shall be supplied
at the unit's service connection and at rated frequency. A lower minimum or a higher maximum voltage
shall be used, if listed on the nameplate.
28
__________________
____________ ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
8.3.2.2 The power supplied to single phase equipment shall be adjusted just prior to the shut-down period
(8.3.3.2) so that the resulting voltage at the unit's service connection is 86% of nameplate rated voltage
when the compressor motor is on locked-rotor. (For 200V or 208V nameplate rated equipment the restart
voltage shall be set at 180V when the compressor motor is on locked rotor). Open circuit voltage for threephase equipment shall not be greater than 90% of nameplate rated voltage.
8.3.2.3 Within one minute after the equipment has resumed continuous operation (8.3.4.3), the voltage
shall be restored to the values specified in 8.3.2.1.
8.3.3
Procedure.
8.3.3.1 The equipment shall be operated for one hour at the temperature conditions and voltage(s)
specified.
8.3.3.2 All power to the equipment shall be shut off for a period sufficient to cause the compressor to stop
(not to exceed five seconds) and then restored.
8.3.4
Requirements.
8.3.4.1 During both tests, the equipment shall operate without failure of any of its parts.
8.3.4.2 The equipment shall operate continuously without interruption for any reason for the one hour
period preceding the power interruption.
8.3.4.3 The unit shall resume continuous operation within two hours of restoration of power and shall then
operate continuously for one half hour. Operation and resetting of safety devices prior to establishment of
continuous operation is permitted.
8.4
Low-Temperature Operation Test (Cooling) (Not Required For Heating-only Units). Unitary equipment shall pass
the following low-temperature operation test when operating with initial airflow rates as determined in 6.1.3.3 and 6.1.3.4
and with controls and dampers set to produce the maximum tendency to frost or ice the evaporator, provided such settings are
not contrary to the manufacturer's instructions to the user.
8.4.1
Temperature Conditions. Temperature Conditions shall be maintained as shown in Table 12 or Table 13.
8.4.2
Procedure. The test shall be continuous with the unit on the cooling cycle, for not less than four hours after
establishment of the specified temperature conditions. The unit will be permitted to start and stop under control of
an automatic limit device, if provided.
8.4.3
Requirements.
8.4.3.1 During the entire test, the equipment shall operate without damage or failure of any of its parts.
8.4.3.2 During the entire test, the air quantity shall not drop more than 25% from that determined under
the Standard Rating test.
8.4.3.3 During the test and during the defrosting period after the completion of the test, all ice or meltage
must be caught and removed by the drain provisions.
29
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008____________________
_____________
8.5
Insulation Effectiveness Test (Cooling) (not required for heating-only units). Unitary equipment shall pass the
following insulation effectiveness test when operating with airflow rates as determined in 6.1.3.3 and 6.1.3.4 with controls,
fans, dampers, and grilles set to produce the maximum tendency to sweat, provided such settings are not contrary to the
manufacturer's instructions to the user.
8.5.1
Temperature Conditions. Temperature conditions shall be maintained as shown in Table 12 or Table 13.
8.5.2
Procedure. After establishment of the specified temperature conditions, the unit shall be operated
continuously for a period of four hours.
8.5.3
Requirements. During the test, no condensed water shall drop, run, or blow off from the unit casing.
8.6
Condensate Disposal Test (Cooling)* (not required for heating-only units). Unitary equipment which rejects
condensate to the condenser air shall pass the following condensate disposal test when operating with airflow rates as
determined in 6.1.3.3 and 6.1.3.4 and with controls and dampers set to produce condensate at the maximum rate, provided
such settings are not contrary to the manufacturer's instructions to the user.
* This test may be run concurrently with the Insulation Effectiveness Test (8.5).
8.6.1
Temperature Conditions. Temperature conditions shall be maintained as shown in Table 12 or Table 13.
8.6.2
Procedure. After establishment of the specified temperature conditions, the equipment shall be started with
its condensate collection pan filled to the overflowing point and shall be operated continuously for four hours after
the condensate level has reached equilibrium.
8.6.3
Requirements. During the test, there shall be no dripping, running-off, or blowing-off of moisture from the
unit casing.
8.7
Tolerances. The conditions for the tests outlined in Section 8 are average values subject to tolerances of ± 1.0°F [±
0.6°C] for air wet-bulb and dry-bulb temperatures and ± 1.0% of the reading for voltages.
Section 9. Marking and Nameplate Data
9.1
Marking and Nameplate Data. As a minimum, the nameplate shall display the manufacturer's name, model
designation, and electrical characteristics.
Nameplate voltages for 60 Hertz systems shall include one or more of the equipment nameplate voltage ratings shown in
Table 1 of AHRI Standard 110. Nameplate voltages for 50 Hertz systems shall include one or more of the utilization
voltages shown in Table 1 of IEC Standard 60038.
Section 10. Conformance Conditions
10.1
Conformance. While conformance with this standard is voluntary, conformance shall not be claimed or implied for
products or equipment within the standard’s Purpose (Section 1) and Scope (Section 2) unless such product claims meet all
of the requirements of the standard and all of the testing and rating requirements are measured and reported in complete
compliance with the standard. Any product that has not met all the requirements of the standard shall not reference, state, or
acknowledge the standard in any written, oral, or electronic communication.
30
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
APPENDIX A. REFERENCES – NORMATIVE
A1
Listed here are all standards, handbooks and other publications essential to the formation and implementation of the
standard. All references in this appendix are considered as part of this standard.
A1.1
ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 37-2005, Methods of Testing for Rating Unitary Air-Conditioning and Heat
Pump Equipment, 2005, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1791
Tullie Circle N.E., Atlanta, GA 30329, U.S.A.
A1.2
ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 41.1-1986 (RA 2006), Standard Method for Temperature Measurement, 2006,
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1791 Tullie Circle, N.E., Atlanta,
GA 30329, U.S.A.
A1.3
ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 51-1999/AMCA Standard 210-1999, Laboratory Methods of Testing Fans for
Aerodynamic Performance Rating, 1999, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning
Engineers, Inc., 1791 Tullie Circle, N.E., Atlanta, GA 30329, U.S.A.
A1.4
AHRI Standard 110-2002 (formerly ARI Standard 110-2002), Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating
Equipment Nameplate Voltages, Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute, 2002, 2111 Wilson
Boulevard, Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22201, U.S.A.
A1.5
AHRI Standard 210/240-2003 (formerly ARI Standard 210/240-2003), Unitary Air-Conditioning and AirSource Heat Pump Equipment, 2003, Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute, 2111 Wilson
Boulevard, Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22201, U.S.A.
A1.6
AHRI Standard 210/240-2006 (formerly ARI Standard 210/240-2006), Unitary Air-Conditioning and AirSource Heat Pump Equipment, 2006, Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute, 2111 Wilson
Boulevard, Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22201, U.S.A.
A1.7
AHRI Standard 340/360-2007 (formerly ARI Standard 340/360-2007), Commercial and Industrial Unitary
Air-Conditioning and Heat Pump Equipment, 2007, Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute, 2111
Wilson Boulevard, Suite 500, Arlington, VA 22201, U.S.A.
A1.8
ASHRAE Standard 23-1993, Methods of Testing for Rating Positive Displacement Refrigerant
Compressors and Condensing Units, 1993, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning
Engineers, Inc., 1791 Tullie Circle, N.E., Atlanta, GA 30329, U.S.A.
A1.9
ASHRAE Standard 37-1988, Methods of Testing for Rating Unitary Air-Conditioning and Heat Pump
Equipment, 1988, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1791 Tullie
Circle, N.E., Atlanta, GA 30329, U.S.A.
A1.10 ASHRAE Standard 41.2-1987 (RA 1992), Standard Methods for Laboratory Airflow Measurement, 1992,
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1791 Tullie Circle, N.E., Atlanta,
GA 30329, U.S.A.
A1.11 ASHRAE Standard 41.6-1994 (RA 2001), Method for Measurement of Moist Air Properties, 2001,
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1791 Tullie Circle, N.E., Atlanta,
GA 30329, U.S.A.
A1.12 ASHRAE Standard 41.9-2000, Calorimeter Test Methods for Mass Flow Measurements of Volatile
Refrigerants, 2000, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1791 Tullie
Circle, N.E., Atlanta, GA 30329, U.S.A.
A1.13 ASHRAE Terminology of Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Second Edition, 1991,
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1791 Tullie Circle, N.E., Atlanta,
GA 30329, U.S.A.
31
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
A1.14 IEC Standard 60038, IEC Standard Voltages, 2002, International Electrotechnical Commission, 3, rue de
Varembe, P.O. Box 131, 1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland.
A1.15 Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 430, Subparts 430.2 and 430.32 (c), U.S. National
Archives and Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001.
APPENDIX B. REFERENCES – INFORMATIVE
B1
Listed here are standards, handbooks and other publications which may provide useful information and background
but are not considered essential. References in this appendix are not considered part of the standard.
B1.1
ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 116-1995 (RA 05), Methods of Testing for Rating for Seasonal Efficiency of
Unitary Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps, 2005, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning
Engineers, Inc., 1791 Tullie Circle, N.E., Atlanta, GA 30329, U.S.A.
32
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
APPENDIX C. UNIFORM TEST METHOD FOR MEASURING
THE ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF CENTRAL AIR
CONDITIONERS AND HEAT PUMPS – NORMATIVE
Foreword: This appendix to ANSI/AHRI standard 210/240-2008 is the “Uniform Test Method for Measuring the
Energy Consumption of Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps” Appendix M to Subpart B of Part 430, pages
59135 through 59180, Federal Register, Vol. 70, No. 195, Tuesday, October 11, 2005 as amended by the Federal
Register, Vol. 72, No. 203, Monday, October 22, 2007 pages 59906 through 59934.
APPENDIX M to Subpart B of Part 430 – Uniform Test
Method for Measuring the Energy Consumption of Central
Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps
Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR)
BETA TEST SITE
e-CFR Data is current as of February 9, 2006
Amendment from October 11, 2005
10 CFR--PART 430
Amendment(s) published October 11, 2005, in 70 FR 59135
Effective Date(s): April 10, 2006
5. Appendix M to Subpart B is revised to read as follows:
Appendix M to Subpart B of Part 430—Uniform Test Method for Measuring the Energy Consumption of Central
Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps
33
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
1.
DEFINITIONS
2.
TESTING CONDITIONS
2.1
Test room requirements.
2.2
Test unit installation requirements.
2.2.1 Defrost control settings.
2.2.2 Special requirements for units having a multiple-speed outdoor fan.
2.2.3 Special requirements for multi-split air conditioners and heat pumps, and systems composed of multiple mini-split
units (outdoor units located side-by-side) that would normally operate using two or more indoor thermostats.
2.2.4 Wet-bulb temperature requirements for the air entering the indoor and outdoor coils.
2.2.4.1 Cooling mode tests.
2.2.4.2 Heating mode tests.
2.2.5 Additional refrigerant charging requirements.
2.3
Indoor air volume rates.
2.3.1 Cooling tests.
2.3.2 Heating tests.
2.4
Indoor coil inlet and outlet duct connections.
2.4.1 Outlet plenum for the indoor unit.
2.4.2 Inlet plenum for the indoor unit.
2.5
Indoor coil air property measurements and air damper box applications.
2.5.1 Test set-up on the inlet side of the indoor coil: For cases where the inlet damper box is installed.
2.5.1.1 If the section 2.4.2 inlet plenum is installed.
2.5.1.2 If the section 2.4.2 inlet plenum is not installed.
2.5.2 Test set-up on the inlet side of the indoor unit: For cases where no inlet damper box is installed.
2.5.3 Indoor coil static pressure difference measurement.
2.5.4 Test set-up on the outlet side of the indoor coil.
2.5.4.1 Outlet air damper box placement and requirements.
2.5.4.2 Procedures to minimize temperature maldistribution.
2.5.4.3 Minimizing air leakage.
34
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
2.5.5 Dry bulb temperature measurement.
2.5.6 Water vapor content measurement.
2.5.7 Air damper box performance requirements.
2.6
Airflow measuring apparatus.
2.7
Electrical voltage supply.
2.8
Electrical power and energy measurements.
2.9
Time measurements.
2.10 Test apparatus for the secondary space conditioning capacity measurement.
2.10.1 Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method.
2.10.2 Compressor Calibration Method.
2.10.3 Refrigerant Enthalpy Method.
2.11 Measurement of test room ambient conditions.
2.12 Measurement of indoor fan speed.
2.13 Measurement of barometric pressure.
3.
TESTING PROCEDURES
3.1
General Requirements.
3.1.1 Primary and secondary test methods.
3.1.2 Manufacturer-provided equipment overrides.
3.1.3 Airflow through the outdoor coil.
3.1.4 Airflow through the indoor coil.
3.1.4.1 Cooling Full-Load Air Volume Rate.
3.1.4.1.1 Cooling Full-Load Air Volume Rate for Ducted Units.
3.1.4.1.2 Cooling Full-Load Air Volume Rate for Non-ducted Units.
3.1.4.2 Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate.
3.1.4.3 Cooling Intermediate Air Volume Rate.
3.1.4.4 Heating Full-Load Air Volume Rate.
3.1.4.4.1 Ducted heat pumps where the Heating and Cooling Full-Load Air Volume Rates are the same.
35
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
3.1.4.4.2 Ducted heat pumps where the Heating and Cooling Full-Load Air Volume Rates are different due to indoor fan
operation.
3.1.4.4.3 Ducted heating-only heat pumps.
3.1.4.4.4 Non-ducted heat pumps, including non-ducted heating-only heat pumps.
3.1.4.5 Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate.
3.1.4.6 Heating Intermediate Air Volume Rate.
3.1.4.7 Heating Nominal Air Volume Rate.
3.1.5 Indoor test room requirement when the air surrounding the indoor unit is not supplied from the same source as the air
entering the indoor unit.
3.1.6 Air volume rate calculations.
3.1.7 Test sequence.
3.1.8 Requirement for the air temperature distribution leaving the indoor coil.
3.1.9 Control of auxiliary resistive heating elements.
3.2
Cooling mode tests for different types of air conditioners and heat pumps.
3.2.1 Tests for a unit having a single-speed compressor that is tested with a fixed-speed indoor fan installed, with a constantair-volume-rate indoor fan installed, or with no indoor fan installed.
3.2.2 Tests for a unit having a single-speed compressor and a variable-speed variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan installed.
3.2.2.1 Indoor fan capacity modulation that correlates with the outdoor dry bulb temperature.
3.2.2.2 Indoor fan capacity modulation based on adjusting the sensible to total (S/T) cooling capacity ratio.
3.2.3 Tests for a unit having a two-capacity compressor.
3.2.4 Tests for a unit having a variable-speed compressor.
3.3
Test procedures for steady-state wet coil cooling mode tests (the A, A2, A1, B, B2, B1, EV, and F1 Tests).
3.4
Test procedures for the optional steady-state dry coil cooling mode tests (the C, C1, and G1 Tests).
3.5
Test procedures for the optional cyclic dry coil cooling mode tests (the D, D1, and I1 Tests).
3.5.1 Procedures when testing ducted systems.
3.5.2 Procedures when testing non-ducted systems.
3.5.3 Cooling mode cyclic degradation coefficient calculation.
3.6
36
Heating mode tests for different types of heat pumps, including heating-only heat pumps.
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
3.6.1 Tests for a heat pump having a single-speed compressor that is tested with a fixed speed indoor fan installed, with a
constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan installed, or with no indoor fan installed.
3.6.2 Tests for a heat pump having a single-speed compressor and a variable-speed, variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan:
capacity modulation correlates with outdoor dry bulb temperature.
3.6.3 Tests for a heat pump having a two-capacity compressor (see Definition 1.45), including two-capacity, northern heat
pumps (see Definition 1.46).
3.6.4 Tests for a heat pump having a variable-speed compressor.
3.6.5 Additional test for a heat pump having a heat comfort controller.
3.7 Test procedures for steady-state Maximum Temperature and High Temperature heating mode tests (the H01, H1, H12,
H11, and H1N Tests).
3.8
Test procedures for the optional cyclic heating mode tests (the H0C1, H1C, and H1C1 Tests).
3.8.1 Heating mode cyclic degradation coefficient calculation.
3.9
Test procedures for Frost Accumulation heating mode tests (the H2, H22, H2V, and H21 Tests).
3.9.1 Average space heating capacity and electrical power calculations.
3.9.2 Demand defrost credit.
3.10 Test procedures for steady-state Low Temperature heating mode tests (the H3, H32, and H31 Tests).
3.11 Additional requirements for the secondary test methods.
3.11.1 If using the Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method as the secondary test method.
3.11.1.1 If a preliminary test precedes the official test
3.11.1.2 If a preliminary test does not precede the official test.
3.11.1.3 Official test.
3.11.2 If using the Compressor Calibration Method as the secondary test method.
3.11.3 If using the Refrigerant Enthalpy Method as the secondary test method.
3.12 Rounding of space conditioning capacities for reporting purposes.
4.
CALCULATIONS OF SEASONAL PERFORMANCE DESCRIPTORS
4.1
Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) Calculations.
4.1.1 SEER calculations for an air conditioner or heat pump having a single-speed compressor that was tested with a fixedspeed indoor fan installed, a constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan installed, or with no indoor fan installed.
4.1.2 SEER calculations for an air conditioner or heat pump having a single-speed compressor and a variable-speed
variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan.
37
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
4.1.2.1 Units covered by section 3.2.2.1 where indoor fan capacity modulation correlates with the outdoor dry bulb
temperature.
4.1.2.2 Units covered by section 3.2.2.2 where indoor fan capacity modulation is used to adjust the sensible to total cooling
capacity ratio.
4.1.3 SEER calculations for an air conditioner or heat pump having a two-capacity compressor.
4.1.3.1 Steady-state space cooling capacity at low compressor capacity is greater than or equal to the building cooling load at
•
temperature Tj, Q
k=1
c
(Tj) ≥ BL(Tj).
4.1.3.2 Unit alternates between high (k=2) and low (k=1) compressor capacity to satisfy the building cooling load at
•
temperature Tj, Q
•
k=1
k=2
(Tj) < BL(Tj) < Q
c
(Tj).
c
4.1.3.3 Unit only operates at high (k=2) compressor capacity at temperature Tj and its capacity is greater than the building
•
k=2
cooling load, BL(Tj) < Q
c
(Tj).
•
4.1.3.4 Unit must operate continuously at high (k=2) compressor capacity at temperature Tj, BL(Tj) ≥ Q
k=2
c
(Tj).
4.1.4 SEER calculations for an air conditioner or heat pump having a variable-speed compressor.
4.1.4.1 Steady-state space cooling capacity when operating at minimum compressor speed is greater than or equal to the
•
k=1
building cooling load at temperature Tj, Q
c
(Tj) ≥ BL(Tj).
4.1.4.2 Unit operates at an intermediate compressor speed (k=i) in order to match the building cooling load at temperature Tj,
•
Q
k=1
c
•
(Tj) < BL(Tj) < Q
k=2
c
(Tj).
•
4.1.4.3 Unit must operate continuously at maximum (k=2) compressor speed at temperature Tj, BL(Tj) ≥ Q
4.2
k=2
c
(Tj).
Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF) Calculations.
4.2.1 Additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a single-speed compressor that was tested with a
fixed-speed indoor fan installed, a constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan installed, or with no indoor fan installed.
4.2.2 Additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a single-speed compressor and a variable-speed,
variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan.
4.2.3 Additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a two-capacity compressor.
4.2.3.1 Steady-state space heating capacity when operating at low compressor capacity is greater than or equal to the
•
building heating load at temperature Tj, Q
k=1
h
(Tj) ≥ BL(Tj).
4.2.3.2 Heat pump alternates between high (k=2) and low (k=1) compressor capacity to satisfy the building heating load at a
•
temperature Tj, Q
•
k=1
h
(Tj) BL (Tj) < Q
k=2
h
(Tj).
4.2.3.3 Heat pump only operates at high (k=2) compressor capacity at temperature Tj and its capacity is greater than the
•
building heating load, BL(Tj) < Q
k=2
h
(Tj).
•
4.2.3.4 Heat pump must operate continuously at high (k=2) compressor capacity at temperature Tj, BL(Tj) ≥ Q
38
k=2
h
(Tj).
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
4.2.4 Additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a variable-speed compressor.
4.2.4.1 Steady-state space heating capacity when operating at minimum compressor speed is greater than or equal to the
•
k=1
building heating load at temperature Tj, Q
h
(Tj) ≥ BL(Tj).
4.2.4.2 Heat pump operates at an intermediate compressor speed (k=i) in order to match the building heating load at a
•
temperature Tj, Q
k=1
h
•
(Tj) < BL(Tj) < Q
k=2
h
(Tj).
•
4.2.4.3 Heat pump must operate continuously at maximum (k=2) compressor speed at temperature Tj, BL(Tj) ≥ Q
k=2
h
(Tj).
4.2.5 Heat pumps having a heat comfort controller.
4.2.5.1 Heat pump having a heat comfort controller: Additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a
single-speed compressor that was tested with a fixed-speed indoor fan installed, a constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan
installed, or with no indoor fan installed.
4.2.5.2 Heat pump having a heat comfort controller: Additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a
single-speed compressor and a variable-speed, variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan.
4.2.5.3 Heat pumps having a heat comfort controller: Additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a twocapacity compressor.
4.2.5.4 Heat pumps having a heat comfort controller: Additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a
variable-speed compressor. [Reserved]
4.3
Calculations of the Actual and Representative Regional Annual Performance Factors for Heat Pumps.
4.3.1 Calculation of actual regional annual performance factors (APFA) for a particular location and for each standardized
design heating requirement.
4.3.2 Calculation of representative regional annual performance factors (APFR) for each generalized climatic region and for
each standardized design heating requirement.
4.4
Rounding of SEER, HSPF, and APF for reporting purposes.
1.
Definitions
1.1 Annual performance factor means the total heating and cooling done by a heat pump in a particular region in one year
divided by the total electric energy used in one year. Paragraph (m)(3)(iii) of §430.23 of the Code of Federal Regulations
states the calculation requirements for this rating descriptor.
1.2
AHRI means Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute.
1.3 AHRI Standard 210/240–2006 means the test standard “Unitary Air-Conditioning and Air-Source Heat Pump
Equipment” published in 2006 by AHRI.
1.4
ASHRAE means the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
1.5 ASHRAE Standard 23–2005 means the test standard “Methods of Testing for Rating Positive Displacement
Refrigerant Compressors and Condensing Units” published in 2005 by ASHRAE.
1.6 ASHRAE Standard 37–2005 means the test standard “Methods of Testing for Rating Unitary Air-Conditioning and
Heat Pump Equipment” published in 2005 by ASHRAE.
39
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
1.7 ASHRAE Standard 41.1–86 (RA 01) means the test standard “Standard Method for Temperature Measurement”
published in 1986 and reaffirmed in 2001 by ASHRAE.
1.8 ASHRAE Standard 41.2–87 (RA 92) means the test standard “Standard Methods for Laboratory Airflow
Measurement” published in 1987 and reaffirmed in 1992 by ASHRAE.
1.9 ASHRAE Standard 41.6–94 (RA 01) means the test standard “Method for Measurement of Moist Air Properties”
published in 1994 and reaffirmed in 2001 by ASHRAE.
1.10 ASHRAE Standard 41.9–00 means the test standard “Calorimeter Test Methods for Mass Flow Measurements of
Volatile Refrigerants” published in 2000 by ASHRAE.
1.11 ASHRAE Standard 51–99/AMCA Standard 210–1999 means the test standard “Laboratory Methods of Testing Fans
for Aerodynamic Performance Rating” published in 1999 by ASHRAE and the Air Movement and Control Association
International, Inc.
1.12 ASHRAE Standard 116–95 (RA05) means the test standard “Methods of Testing for Rating for Seasonal Efficiency of
Unitary Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps” published in 1995 and reaffirmed in 2005 by ASHRAE.
1.13 CFR means Code of Federal Regulations.
1.14 Constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan means a fan that varies its operating speed to provide a fixed air-volume-rate from
a ducted system.
1.15 Continuously recorded, when referring to a dry bulb measurement, means that the specified temperature must be
sampled at regular intervals that are equal to or less than the maximum intervals specified in section 4.3 part “a” of ASHRAE
Standard 41.1–86 (RA 01). If such dry bulb temperatures are used only for test room control, it means that one samples at
regular intervals equal to or less than the maximum intervals specified in section 4.3 part “b” of the same ASHRAE Standard.
Regarding wet bulb temperature, dew point temperature, or relative humidity measurements, continuously recorded means
that the measurements must be made at regular intervals that are equal to or less than 1 minute.
1.16 Cooling load factor (CLF) means the ratio having as its numerator the total cooling delivered during a cyclic operating
interval consisting of one ON period and one OFF period. The denominator is the total cooling that would be delivered, given
the same ambient conditions, had the unit operated continuously at its steady-state space cooling capacity for the same total
time (ON + OFF) interval.
1.17 Coefficient of Performance (COP) means the ratio of the average rate of space heating delivered to the average rate of
electrical energy consumed by the heat pump. These rate quantities must be determined from a single test or, if derived via
interpolation, must be tied to a single set of operating conditions. COP is a dimensionless quantity. When determined for a
ducted unit tested without an indoor fan installed, COP must include the section 3.7, 3.8, and 3.9.1 default values for the heat
output and power input of a fan motor.
1.18 Cyclic Test means a test where the unit's compressor is cycled on and off for specific time intervals. A cyclic test
provides half the information needed to calculate a degradation coefficient.
1.19 Damper box means a short section of duct having an air damper that meets the performance requirements of section
2.5.7.
1.20 Degradation coefficient (CD) means a parameter used in calculating the part load factor. The degradation coefficient
for cooling is denoted by CD c . The degradation coefficient for heating is denoted by CD h .
1.21 Demand-defrost control system means a system that defrosts the heat pump outdoor coil only when measuring a
predetermined degradation of performance. The heat pump's controls monitor one or more parameters that always vary with
the amount of frost accumulated on the outdoor coil (e.g., coil to air differential temperature, coil differential air pressure,
outdoor fan power or current, optical sensors, etc.) at least once for every ten minutes of compressor ON-time when space
heating. One acceptable alternative to the criterion given in the prior sentence is a feedback system that measures the length
of the defrost period and adjusts defrost frequency accordingly. 1 In all cases, when the frost parameter(s) reaches a
40
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
predetermined value, the system initiates a defrost. In a demand-defrost control system, defrosts are terminated based on
monitoring a parameter(s) that indicates that frost has been eliminated from the coil.
1
Systems that vary defrost intervals according to outdoor dry-bulb temperature are not demand defrost systems.
A demand-defrost control system, which otherwise meets the above requirements, may allow time-initiated defrosts if, and
only if, such defrosts occur after 6 hours of compressor operating time.
1.22 Design heating requirement (DHR) predicts the space heating load of a residence when subjected to outdoor design
conditions. Estimates for the minimum and maximum DHR are provided for six generalized U.S. climatic regions in section
4.2.
1.23 Dry-coil tests are cooling mode tests where the wet-bulb temperature of the air supplied to the indoor coil is
maintained low enough that no condensate forms on this coil.
1.24 Ducted system means an air conditioner or heat pump that is designed to be permanently installed equipment and
delivers conditioned air to the indoor space through a duct(s). The air conditioner or heat pump may be either a split system
or a single-packaged unit.
1.25 Energy efficiency ratio (EER) means the ratio of the average rate of space cooling delivered to the average rate of
electrical energy consumed by the air conditioner or heat pump. These rate quantities must be determined from a single test
or, if derived via interpolation, must be tied to a single set of operating conditions. EER is expressed in units of
Btu/h
W
When determined for a ducted unit tested without an indoor fan installed, EER must include the section 3.3 and 3.5.1 default
values for the heat output and power input of a fan motor.
1.26 Heating load factor (HLF) means the ratio having as its numerator the total heating delivered during a cyclic operating
interval consisting of one ON period and one OFF period. The denominator is the total heating that would be delivered, given
the same ambient conditions, if the unit operated continuously at its steady-state space heating capacity for the same total
time (ON plus OFF) interval.
1.27 Heating seasonal performance factor (HSPF) means the total space heating required during the space heating season,
expressed in Btu's, divided by the total electrical energy consumed by the heat pump system during the same season,
expressed in watt-hours. The HSPF used to evaluate compliance with the Energy Conservation Standards (see 10 CFR
430.32(c), Subpart C) is based on Region IV, the minimum standardized design heating requirement, and the sampling plan
stated in 10 CFR 430.24(m), Subpart B.
1.28 Heat pump having a heat comfort controller means equipment that regulates the operation of the electric resistance
elements to assure that the air temperature leaving the indoor section does not fall below a specified temperature. This
specified temperature is usually field adjustable. Heat pumps that actively regulate the rate of electric resistance heating when
operating below the balance point (as the result of a second stage call from the thermostat) but do not operate to maintain a
minimum delivery temperature are not considered as having a heat comfort controller.
1.29 Mini-split air conditioners and heat pumps means systems that have a single outdoor section and one or more indoor
sections. The indoor sections cycle on and off in unison in response to a single indoor thermostat.
1.30 Multiple-split air conditioners and heat pumps means systems that have two or more indoor sections. The indoor
sections operate independently and can be used to condition multiple zones in response to multiple indoor thermostats.
1.31 Non-ducted system means an air conditioner or heat pump that is designed to be permanently installed equipment and
directly heats or cools air within the conditioned space using one or more indoor coils that are mounted on room walls and/or
ceilings. The unit may be of a modular design that allows for combining multiple outdoor coils and compressors to create one
overall system. Non-ducted systems covered by this test procedure are all split systems.
41
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
1.32 Part-load factor (PLF) means the ratio of the cyclic energy efficiency ratio (coefficient of performance) to the steadystate energy efficiency ratio (coefficient of performance). Evaluate both energy efficiency ratios (coefficients of performance)
based on operation at the same ambient conditions.
1.33 Seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER) means the total heat removed from the conditioned space during the annual
cooling season, expressed in Btu's, divided by the total electrical energy consumed by the air conditioner or heat pump during
the same season, expressed in watt-hours. The SEER calculation in section 4.1 of this Appendix and the sampling plan stated
in 10 CFR Subpart B, 430.24(m) are used to evaluate compliance with the Energy Conservation Standards. (See 10 CFR
430.32(c), Subpart C.)
1.34 Single-packaged unit means any central air conditioner or heat pump that has all major assemblies enclosed in one
cabinet.
1.35 Small-duct, high-velocity system means a system that contains a blower and indoor coil combination that is designed
for, and produces, at least 1.2 inches (of water) of external static pressure when operated at the full-load air volume rate of
220–350 cfm per rated ton of cooling. When applied in the field, small-duct products use high-velocity room outlets (i.e.,
generally greater than 1000 fpm) having less than 6.0 square inches of free area.
1.36 Split system means any air conditioner or heat pump that has one or more of the major assemblies separated from the
others.
1.37 Standard air means dry air having a mass density of 0.075 lb/ft3.
1.38 Steady-state test means a test where the test conditions are regulated to remain as constant as possible while the unit
operates continuously in the same mode.
1.39 Temperature bin means the 5 °F increments that are used to partition the outdoor dry-bulb temperature ranges of the
cooling (≥ 65 °F) and heating (<65 °F) seasons.
1.40 Test condition tolerance means the maximum permissible difference between the average value of the measured test
parameter and the specified test condition.
1.41 Test operating tolerance means the maximum permissible range that a measurement may vary over the specified test
interval. The difference between the maximum and minimum sampled values must be less than or equal to the specified test
operating tolerance.
1.42 Time adaptive defrost control system is a demand-defrost control system (see definition 1.21) that measures the length
of the prior defrost period(s) and uses that information to automatically determine when to initiate the next defrost cycle.
1.43 Time-temperature defrost control systems initiate or evaluate initiating a defrost cycle only when a predetermined
cumulative compressor ON-time is obtained. This predetermined ON-time is generally a fixed value (e.g., 30, 45, 90
minutes) although it may vary based on the measured outdoor dry-bulb temperature. The ON-time counter accumulates if
controller measurements (e.g., outdoor temperature, evaporator temperature) indicate that frost formation conditions are
present, and it is reset/remains at zero at all other times. In one application of the control scheme, a defrost is initiated
whenever the counter time equals the predetermined ON-time. The counter is reset when the defrost cycle is completed.
In a second application of the control scheme, one or more parameters are measured (e.g., air and/or refrigerant temperatures)
at the predetermined, cumulative, compressor ON-time. A defrost is initiated only if the measured parameter(s) falls within a
predetermined range. The ON-time counter is reset regardless of whether a defrost is initiated. If systems of this second type
use cumulative ON-time intervals of 10 minutes or less, then the heat pump may qualify as having a demand defrost control
system (see definition 1.21).
1.44 Triple-split system means an air conditioner or heat pump that is composed of three separate components: An outdoor
fan coil section, an indoor fan coil section, and an indoor compressor section.
1.45 Two-capacity (or two-stage) compressor means an air conditioner or heat pump that has one of the following:
42
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
(1) A two-speed compressor,
(2) Two compressors where only one compressor ever operates at a time,
(3) Two compressors where one compressor (Compressor #1) operates at low loads and both compressors (Compressors #1
and #2) operate at high loads but Compressor #2 never operates alone, or
(4) A compressor that is capable of cylinder or scroll unloading.
For such systems, low capacity means:
(1) Operating at low compressor speed,
(2) Operating the lower capacity compressor,
(3) Operating Compressor #1, or
(4) Operating with the compressor unloaded (e.g., operating one piston of a two-piston reciprocating compressor, using a
fixed fractional volume of the full scroll, etc.).
For such systems, high capacity means:
(1) Operating at high compressor speed,
(2) Operating the higher capacity compressor,
(3) Operating Compressors #1 and #2, or
(4) Operating with the compressor loaded (e.g., operating both pistons of a two-piston reciprocating compressor, using the
full volume of the scroll).
1.46 Two-capacity, northern heat pump means a heat pump that has a factory or field-selectable lock-out feature to prevent
space cooling at high-capacity. Two-capacity heat pumps having this feature will typically have two sets of ratings, one with
the feature disabled and one with the feature enabled. The indoor coil model number should reflect whether the ratings
pertain to the lockout enabled option via the inclusion of an extra identifier, such as “+LO.” When testing as a two-capacity,
northern heat pump, the lockout feature must remain enabled for all tests.
1.47 Wet-coil test means a test conducted at test conditions that typically cause water vapor to condense on the test unit
evaporator coil.
2.
Testing Conditions
This test procedure covers split-type and single-packaged ducted units and split-type non-ducted units. Except for units
having a variable-speed compressor, ducted units tested without an indoor fan installed are covered.
a. Only a subset of the sections listed in this test procedure apply when testing and rating a particular unit. Tables 1–A
through 1–C show which sections of the test procedure apply to each type of equipment. In each table, look at all four of the
Roman numeral categories to see what test sections apply to the equipment being tested.
1. The first category, Rows I–1 through I–4 of the Tables, pertains to the compressor and indoor fan features of the
equipment. After identifying the correct “I” row, find the table cells in the same row that list the type of equipment being
tested: Air conditioner (AC), heat pump (HP), or heating-only heat pump (HH). Use the test section(s) listed above each
noted table cell for testing and rating the unit.
43
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
2. The second category, Rows II–1 and II–2, pertains to the presence or absence of ducts. Row II–1 shows the test
procedure sections that apply to ducted systems, and Row II–2 shows those that apply to non-ducted systems.
3. The third category is for special features that may be present in the equipment. When testing units that have one or
more of the three (special) equipment features described by the Table legend for Category III, use Row III to find test
sections that apply.
4. The fourth category is for the secondary test method to be used. If the secondary method for determining the unit's
cooling and/or heating capacity is known, use Row IV to find the appropriate test sections. Otherwise, include all of the
test sections referenced by Row IV cell entries—i.e., sections 2.10 to 2.10.3 and 3.11 to 3.11.3—among those sections
consulted for testing and rating information.
b. Obtain a complete listing of all pertinent test sections by recording those sections identified from the four categories above.
c. The user should note that, for many sections, only part of a section applies to the unit being tested. In a few cases, the
entire section may not apply. For example, sections 3.4 to 3.5.3 (which describe optional dry coil tests), are not relevant if the
allowed default value for the cooling mode cyclic degradation coefficient is used rather than determining it by testing.
Example for Using Tables 1–A to 1–C
Equipment Description: A ducted air conditioner having a single-speed compressor, a fixed-speed indoor fan, and a multispeed outdoor fan.
Secondary Test Method: Refrigerant Enthalpy Method
Step 1. Determine which of four listed Row “I” options applies ==> Row I–2
Table 1–A: “AC” in Row I–2 is found in the columns for sections 1.1 to 1.47, 2.1 to 2.2, 2.2.4 to 2.2.4.1, 2.2.5, 2.3 to 2.3.1,
2.4 to 2.4.1, 2.5, 2.5.2 to 2.10, and 2.11 to 2.13.
Table 1–B: “AC” is listed in Row I–2 for sections 3 to 3.1.4, 3.1.5 to 3.1.8, 3.2.1, 3.3 to 3.5, 3.5.3, 3.11 and 3.12.
Table 1–C: “AC” is listed in Row I–2 for sections 4.1.1 and 4.4.
Step 2. Equipment is ducted ==> Row II–1
Table 1–A: “AC” is listed in Row II–1 for sections 2.4.2 and 2.5.1 to 2.5.1.2.
Table 1–B: “AC” is listed in Row II–1 for sections 3.1.4.1 to 3.1.4.1.1 and 3.5.1.
Table 1–C: no “AC” listings in Row II–1.
Step 3. Equipment Special Features include multi-speed outdoor fan ==> Row III, M
Table 1–A: “M” is listed in Row III for section 2.2.2
Tables 1–B and 1–C: no “M” listings in Row III.
44
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Step 4. Secondary Test Method is Refrigerant Enthalpy Method ==> Row IV, R
Table 1–A: “R” is listed in Row IV for section 2.10.3
Table 1–B: “R” is listed in Row IV for section 3.11.3
Table 1–C: no “R” listings in Row IV.
Step 5. Cumulative listing of applicable test procedure sections 1.1 to 1.47, 2.1 to 2.2, 2.2.2, 2.2.4 to 2.4.1, 2.2.5, 2.3 to 2.3.1,
2.4 to 2.4.1, 2.4.2, 2.5, 2.5.1 to 2.5.1.2, 2.5.2 to 2.10, 2.10.3, 2.11 to 2.13, 3. to 3.1.4, 3.1.4.1 to 3.1.4.1.1, 3.1.5 to 3.1.8, 3.2.1,
3.3 to 3.5, 3.5.1, 3.5.3, 3.11, 3.11.3, 3.12, 4.1.1, and 4.4.
45
AC
HP
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
II-1. Ducted
AC
HP
HH
II-2. Non-Ducted
III. Special Features
M
IV. Secondary Test Method
Legend for Table Entries
Categories I and II: AC
HP
HH
Category III:
G
H
M
Category IV:
O
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
2.11 to 2.13
HP
HH
AC
HP
2.10.3
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
2.10.2
AC
HP
HH
HP
HH
2.10.1
I-4. Variable-speed Compressor
AC
HP
AC
HP
2.5.2 to 2.10
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
2.5.1 to 2.5.1.2
AC
HP
HH
HP
HH
2.5
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
2.4.2
I-3. Two-capacity Compressor
AC
HP
AC
HP
HH
2.4 to 2.4.1
HP
HH
HP
HH
2.3.2
AC
HP
HH
2.3 to 2.3.1
AC
HP
HH
2.2.5
I-2. Single-speed Compressor Except as
Covered by “I-1”
AC
HP
2.2.4.2
HP
HH
2.2.4 to 2.2.4.1
AC
HP
HH
2.2.3
AC
HP
HH
2.2.2
2.1 to 2.2
I-1. Single-speed Compressor; Variablespeed Variable Air Volume Rate
Indoor Fan
Key Equipment
Features and
Secondary Test Method
2.2.1
1.1 to 1.47
Sections From the Test
Procedure
G
O
applies for an Air Conditioner that meets the corresponding Column 1 “Key Equipment . . .” criterion
applies for a Heat Pump that meets the corresponding Column 1 “Key Equipment . . .” criterion
applies for a Heating-only Heat Pump that meets the corresponding Column 1 “Key Equipment . . .” criterion
ganged mini-splits or multi-splits;
heat pump with a heat comfort controller;
units with a multi-speed outdoor fan.
Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method; C = Compressor Calibration Method; R = Refrigerant Enthalpy Method
C
R
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008 ___________________________________________________________
46
Table 1A. Selection of Test Procedure Sections: Section 1 (Definitions) and Section 2 (Testing Conditions)
I-1. Single-speed Compressor; Variablespeed Variable Air Volume Rate
Indoor Fan
AC
HP
HH
I-2. Single-speed Compressor Except as
Covered by “I-1”
AC
HP
HH
I-3. Two-capacity Compressor
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
I-4. Variable-speed Compressor
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
II-1. Ducted
AC
HP
AC
HP
HP
HH
HP
HH
AC
HP
HP
HH
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
HP
HH
AC
HP
AC
HP
AC
HP
AC
HP
AC
HP
AC
HP
AC
HP
AC
HP
AC
HP
AC
HP
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
H
IV. Secondary Test Method
47
Legend for Table Entries
Categories I and II: AC = applies for an Air Conditioner that meets the corresponding Column 1 “Key Equipment . . .” criterion
HP = applies for a Heat Pump that meets the corresponding Column 1 “Key Equipment . . .” criterion
HH = applies for a Heating-only Heat Pump that meets the corresponding Column 1 “Key Equipment . . .” criterion
Category III:
G
= ganged mini-splits or multi-splits;
H
= heat pump with a heat comfort controller;
M
= units with a multi-speed outdoor fan.
Category IV: O
= Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method; C = Compressor Calibration Method; R = Refrigerant Enthalpy Method
3.5.3
3.5.2
3.5.1
3.3 to 3.5
AC
HP
AC
HP
HP
II-2. Non-Ducted
III. Special Features
3.2.4
3.2.3
3.2.2 to 3.2.2.2
3.2.1
3.1.9
3.1.5 to 3.1.8
3.1.4.6 to 3.1.4.7
3.1.4.5
3.1.4.4.4
3.1.4.4.3
3.1.4.4 to 3.1.4.4.2
3.1.4.3
3.1.4.2
3.1.4.1.2
3.1.4.1 to 3.1.4.1.1
Key Equipment
Features and
Secondary Test Method
3. to 3.1.4
Sections From the Test
Procedure
_________________________________________________________ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 1B. Selection of Test Procedure Sections: Section 3 (Testing Procedures)
I-3. Two-capacity Compressor
I-4. Variable-speed Compressor
HP
HH
HP
HH
HP
HH
HP
HH
HP
HH
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
AC
HP
HH
II-1. Ducted
II-2. Non-Ducted
III. Special Features
H
IV. Secondary Test Method
Legend for Table Entries
Categories I and II: AC
HP
HH
Category III:
G
H
M
Category IV:
O
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
3.12
HP
HH
3.11.3
HP
HH
3.11.2
HP
HH
3.11.1 to 3.11.1.3
HP
HH
3.11
3.6.5
3.6.4
HP
HH
3.9 to 3.10
I-2. Single-speed Compressor Except as
Covered by “I-1”
HP
HH
3.7 to 3.8.1
I-1. Single-speed Compressor; Variablespeed Variable Air Volume Rate
Indoor Fan
3.6.3
Key Equipment
Features and
Secondary Test Method
3.6.2
3.6.1
Sections From the Test
Procedure
O
C
applies for an Air Conditioner that meets the corresponding Column 1 “Key Equipment . . .” criterion
applies for a Heat Pump that meets the corresponding Column 1 “Key Equipment . . .” criterion
applies for a Heating-only Heat Pump that meets the corresponding Column 1 “Key Equipment . . .” criterion
ganged mini-splits or multi-splits;
heat pump with a heat comfort controller;
units with a multi-speed outdoor fan.
Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method; C = Compressor Calibration Method; R = Refrigerant Enthalpy Method
R
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008 ___________________________________________________________
48
Table 1B. Selection of Test Procedure Sections: Section 3 (Testing Procedures) (continued)
I-3. Two-capacity Compressor
AC
HP
I-4. Variable-speed Compressor
AC
HP
HP
HH
AC
HP
HP
HH
AC
HP
HP
HH
4.2.5 to 4.2.5.4
4.2.4 to 4.2.4.3
4.2.3 to 4.2.3.4
4.2.2
4.2.1
HP
HH
AC
HP
I-2. Single-speed Compressor Except as
Covered by “I-1”
4.2
4.1.4 to 4.1.4.3
4.1.3 to 4.1.3.4
AC
HP
HP
HH
HP
HH
HP
HH
HP
HH
4.4
AC
HP
4.3 to 4.3.2
I-1. Single-speed Compressor; Variable-speed
Variable Air Volume Rate Indoor Fan
4.1.2 to 4.1.2.2
Key Equipment
Features and
Secondary Test Method
4.1.1
4 to 4.1
Sections From the Test
Procedure
HP
AC
HP
HH
HP
AC
HP
HH
HP
AC
HP
HH
HP
AC
HP
HH
II-1. Ducted
II-2. Non-Ducted
III. Special Features
H
H
IV. Secondary Test Method
Legend for Table Entries
Categories I and II: AC
HP
HH
Category III:
G
H
M
Category IV:
O
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
applies for an Air Conditioner that meets the corresponding Column 1 “Key Equipment . . .” criterion
applies for a Heat Pump that meets the corresponding Column 1 “Key Equipment . . .” criterion
applies for a Heating-only Heat Pump that meets the corresponding Column 1 “Key Equipment . . .” criterion
ganged mini-splits or multi-splits;
heat pump with a heat comfort controller;
units with a multi-speed outdoor fan.
Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method; C = Compressor Calibration Method; R = Refrigerant Enthalpy Method
49
_________________________________________________________ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 1C. Selection of Test Procedure Sections: Section 4 (Calculations of Seasonal Performance Descriptors)
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
2.1 Test room requirements. a. Test using two side-by-side rooms, an indoor test room and an outdoor test room. For
multiple-split air conditioners and heat pumps (see Definition 1.30), however, use as many available indoor test rooms as
needed to accommodate the total number of indoor units. These rooms must comply with the requirements specified in
sections 8.1.2 and 8.1.3 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22).
b. Inside these test rooms, use artificial loads during cyclic tests and frost accumulation tests, if needed, to produce stabilized
room air temperatures. For one room, select an electric resistance heater(s) having a heating capacity that is approximately
equal to the heating capacity of the test unit's condenser. For the second room, select a heater(s) having a capacity that is
close to the sensible cooling capacity of the test unit's evaporator. When applied, cycle the heater located in the same room as
the test unit evaporator coil ON and OFF when the test unit cycles ON and OFF. Cycle the heater located in the same room as
the test unit condensing coil ON and OFF when the test unit cycles OFF and ON.
2.2 Test unit installation requirements. a. Install the unit according to section 8.2 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005
(incorporated by reference, see §430.22). With respect to interconnecting tubing used when testing split-systems, however,
follow the requirements given in section 6.1.3.5 of AHRI Standard 210/240-2006 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22).
When testing triple-split systems (see Definition 1.44), use the tubing length specified in section 6.1.3.5 of AHRI Standard
210/240-2006 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) to connect the outdoor coil, indoor compressor section, and indoor
coil while still meeting the requirement of exposing 10 feet of the tubing to outside conditions. When testing split systems
having multiple indoor coils, connect each indoor fan-coil to the outdoor unit using: (a) 25 feet of tubing, or (b) tubing
furnished by the manufacturer, whichever is longer. If they are needed to make a secondary measurement of capacity, install
refrigerant pressure measuring instruments as described in section 8.2.5 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by
reference, see §430.22). Refer to section 2.10 of this Appendix to learn which secondary methods require refrigerant
pressure measurements. At a minimum, insulate the low-pressure line(s) of a split-system with insulation having an inside
diameter that matches the refrigerant tubing and a nominal thickness of 0.5 inch.
b. For units designed for both horizontal and vertical installation or for both up-flow and down-flow vertical installations, the
manufacturer must specify the orientation used for testing. Conduct testing with the following installed:
(1) the most restrictive filter(s);
(2) supplementary heating coils; and
(3) other equipment specified as part of the unit, including all hardware used by a heat comfort controller if so
equipped (see Definition 1.28). For small-duct, high-velocity systems, configure all balance dampers or restrictor
devices on or inside the unit to fully open or lowest restriction.
c. Testing a ducted unit without having an indoor air filter installed is permissible as long as the minimum external static
pressure requirement is adjusted as stated in Table 2, note 3 (see section 3.1.4). Except as noted in section 3.1.9, prevent the
indoor air supplementary heating coils from operating during all tests. For coil-only indoor units that are supplied without an
enclosure, create an enclosure using 1 inch fiberglass ductboard having a nominal density of 6 pounds per cubic foot. Or
alternatively, use some other insulating material having a thermal resistance (“R” value) between 4 and 6 hr·ft 2 · °F/Btu. For
units where the coil is housed within an enclosure or cabinet, no extra insulating or sealing is allowed.
2.2.1 Defrost control settings. Set heat pump defrost controls at the normal settings which most typify those encountered in
generalized climatic region IV. (Refer to Figure 2 and Table 17 of section 4.2 for information on region IV.) For heat pumps
that use a time-adaptive defrost control system (see Definition 1.42), the manufacturer must specify the frosting interval to be
used during Frost Accumulation tests and provide the procedure for manually initiating the defrost at the specified time. To
ease testing of any unit, the manufacturer should provide information and any necessary hardware to manually initiate a
defrost cycle.
2.2.2 Special requirements for units having a multiple-speed outdoor fan. Configure the multiple-speed outdoor fan
according to the manufacturer's specifications, and thereafter, leave it unchanged for all tests. The controls of the unit must
regulate the operation of the outdoor fan during all lab tests except dry coil cooling mode tests. For dry coil cooling mode
tests, the outdoor fan must operate at the same speed used during the required wet coil test conducted at the same outdoor test
conditions.
2.2.3 Special requirements for multi-split air conditioners and heat pumps, and systems composed of multiple mini-split
units (outdoor units located side-by-side) that would normally operate using two or more indoor thermostats. For any test
47
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
where the system is operated at part load (i.e., one or more compressors “off”, operating at the intermediate or minimum
compressor speed, or at low compressor capacity), the manufacturer shall designate the particular indoor coils that are turned
off during the test. For variable-speed systems, the manufacturer must designate at least one indoor unit that is turned off for
all tests conducted at minimum compressor speed. For all other part-load tests, the manufacturer shall choose to turn off
zero, one, two, or more indoor units. The chosen configuration shall remain unchanged for all tests conducted at the same
compressor speed/capacity. For any indoor coil that is turned off during a test, take steps to cease forced airflow through this
indoor coil and block its outlet duct. Because these types of systems will have more than one indoor fan and possibly
multiple outdoor fans and compressor systems, references in this test procedure to a single indoor fan, outdoor fan, and
compressor means all indoor fans, all outdoor fans, and all compressor systems that are turned on during the test.
2.2.4 Wet-bulb temperature requirements for the air entering the indoor and outdoor coils.
2.2.4.1 Cooling mode tests. For wet-coil cooling mode tests, regulate the water vapor content of the air entering the indoor
unit to the applicable wet-bulb temperature listed in Tables 3 to 6. As noted in these same tables, achieve a wet-bulb
temperature during dry-coil cooling mode tests that results in no condensate forming on the indoor coil. Controlling the water
vapor content of the air entering the outdoor side of the unit is not required for cooling mode tests except when testing:
(1) Units that reject condensate to the outdoor coil during wet coil tests. Tables 3–6 list the applicable wet-bulb temperatures.
(2) Single-packaged units where all or part of the indoor section is located in the outdoor test room. The average dew point
temperature of the air entering the outdoor coil during wet coil tests must be within ±3.0 °F of the average dew point
temperature of the air entering the indoor coil over the 30-minute data collection interval described in section 3.3. For dry
coil tests on such units, it may be necessary to limit the moisture content of the air entering the outdoor side of the unit to
meet the requirements of section 3.4.
2.2.4.2 Heating mode tests. For heating mode tests, regulate the water vapor content of the air entering the outdoor unit to the
applicable wet-bulb temperature listed in Tables 9 to 12. The wet-bulb temperature entering the indoor side of the heat pump
must not exceed 60 °F. Additionally, if the Outdoor Air Enthalpy test method is used while testing a single-packaged heat
pump where all or part of the outdoor section is located in the indoor test room, adjust the wet-bulb temperature for the air
entering the indoor side to yield an indoor-side dew point temperature that is as close as reasonably possible to the dew point
temperature of the outdoor-side entering air.
2.2.5 Additional refrigerant charging requirements. Charging according to the “manufacturer’s published instructions,” as
stated in section 8.2 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22), means the manufacturer’s
installation instructions that come packaged with the unit.
2.3 Indoor air volume rates. If a unit's controls allow for overspeeding the indoor fan (usually on a temporary basis), take
the necessary steps to prevent overspeeding during all tests.
2.3.1 Cooling tests. a. Set indoor fan control options (e.g., fan motor pin settings, fan motor speed) according to the
published installation instructions that are provided with the equipment while meeting the airflow requirements that are
specified in sections 3.1.4.1 to 3.1.4.3.
b. Express the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate, the Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate, and the Cooling Intermediate
Air Volume Rate in terms of standard air.
2.3.2 Heating tests. a. If needed, set the indoor fan control options (e.g., fan motor pin settings, fan motor speed) according
to the published installation instructions that are provided with the equipment. Do this set-up while meeting all applicable
airflow requirements specified in sections 3.1.4.4 to 3.1.4.7.
b. Express the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate, the Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate, the Heating Intermediate Air
Volume Rate, and the Heating Nominal Air Volume Rate in terms of standard air.
2.4 Indoor coil inlet and outlet duct connections. Insulate and/or construct the outlet plenum described in section 2.4.1
and, if installed, the inlet plenum described in section 2.4.2 with thermal insulation having a nominal overall resistance
(R-value) of at least 19 hr·ft 2 °F/Btu.2.4.1 Outlet plenum for the indoor unit. a. Attach a plenum to the outlet of the indoor
coil. (Note: for some packaged systems, the indoor coil may be located in the outdoor test room.)
48
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
b. For systems having multiple indoor coils, attach a plenum to each indoor coil outlet. Connect two or more outlet plenums
to a single common duct so that each indoor coil ultimately connects to an airflow measuring apparatus (section 2.6). If
using more than one indoor test room, do likewise, creating one or more common ducts within each test room that contains
multiple indoor coils. At the plane where each plenum enters a common duct, install an adjustable airflow damper and use it
to equalize the static pressure in each plenum. Each outlet air temperature grid (section 2.5.4) and airflow measuring
apparatus are located downstream of the inlet(s) to the common duct.
c. For small-duct, high-velocity systems, install an outlet plenum that has a diameter that is equal to or less than the value
listed below. The limit depends only on the cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate (see section 3.1.4.1.1) and is effective
regardless of the flange dimensions on the outlet of the unit (or an air supply plenum adapter accessory, if installed in
accordance with the manufacturers installation instructions).
d. Add a static pressure tap to each face of the (each) outlet plenum, if rectangular, or at four evenly distributed locations
along the circumference of an oval or round plenum. Create a manifold that connects the four static pressure taps. Figure 1
shows two of the three options allowed for the manifold configuration; the third option is the broken-ring, four-to-one
manifold configuration that is shown in Figure 7a of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22).
See Figures 7a, 7b, 7c, and 8 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) for the cross-sectional
dimensions and minimum length of the (each) plenum and the locations for adding the static pressure taps for units tested
with and without an indoor fan installed.
Cooling Full-Load Air
Volume Rate
Maximum Diameter* of
Outlet Plenum
(scfm)
(inches)
≤ 500
6
501to 700
7
701 to 900
8
901 to 1100
9
1101 to 1400
10
1401 to 1750
11
*If the outlet plenum is rectangular, calculate its equivalent
diameter using (4A)/P, where A is the area and P is the perimeter
of the rectangular plenum, and compare it to the listed maximum
diameter.
49
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Figure 1. Configurations for manifolding the static pressure taps. The top two diagrams show the
complete ring, four-to-one configuration. The lower two diagrams show the trip-T configuration.
2.4.2 Inlet plenum for the indoor unit. Install an inlet plenum when testing a coil-only indoor unit or a packaged system
where the indoor coil is located in the outdoor test room. Add static pressure taps at the center of each face of this plenum, if
rectangular, or at four evenly distributed locations along the circumference of an oval or round plenum. Make a manifold
that connects the four static-pressure taps using one of the three configurations specified in section 2.4.1. See Figures 7b, 7c,
and Figure 8 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) for cross-sectional dimensions, the
minimum length of the inlet plenum, and the locations of the static-pressure taps. When testing a ducted unit having an
indoor fan (and the indoor coil is in the indoor test room), the manufacturer has the option to test with or without an inlet
plenum installed. Space limitations within the test room may dictate that the manufacturer choose the latter option. If used,
construct the inlet plenum and add the four static-pressure taps as shown in Figure 8 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005
(incorporated by reference, see §430.22). Manifold the four static-pressure taps using one of the three configurations
specified in section 2.4.1. Never use an inlet plenum when testing a non-ducted system.
2.5 Indoor coil air property measurements and air damper box applications. a. Measure the dry-bulb temperature and water
vapor content of the air entering and leaving the indoor coil. If needed, use an air sampling device to divert air to a sensor(s)
that measures the water vapor content of the air. See Figure 2 of ASHRAE Standard 41.1–86 (RA 01) (incorporated by
reference, see §430.22) for guidance on constructing an air sampling device. The sampling device may also divert air to a
remotely located sensor(s) that measures dry bulb temperature. The air sampling device and the remotely located temperature
sensor(s) may be used to determine the entering air dry bulb temperature during any test. The air sampling device and the
remotely located leaving air dry bulb temperature sensor(s) may be used for all tests except:
50
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
(1) Cyclic tests; and
(2) Frost accumulation tests.
b. An acceptable alternative in all cases, including the two special cases noted above, is to install a grid of dry bulb
temperature sensors within the outlet and inlet ducts. Use a temperature grid to get the average dry bulb temperature at one
location, leaving or entering, or when two grids are applied as a thermopile, to directly obtain the temperature difference. A
grid of temperature sensors (which may also be used for determining average leaving air dry bulb temperature) is required to
measure the temperature distribution within a cross-section of the leaving airstream.
c. Use an inlet and outlet air damper box when testing ducted systems if conducting one or both of the cyclic tests listed in
sections 3.2 and 3.6. Otherwise, install an outlet air damper box when testing heat pumps, both ducted and non-ducted, that
cycle off the indoor fan during defrost cycles if no other means is available for preventing natural or forced convection
through the indoor unit when the indoor fan is off. Never use an inlet damper box when testing a non-ducted system.
2.5.1 Test set-up on the inlet side of the indoor coil: for cases where the inlet damper box is installed. a. Install the inlet side
damper box as specified in section 2.5.1.1 or 2.5.1.2, whichever applies. Insulate or construct the ductwork between the point
where the air damper is installed and where the connection is made to either the inlet plenum (section 2.5.1.1 units) or the
indoor unit (section 2.5.1.2 units) with thermal insulation that has a nominal overall resistance (R-value) of at least 19 hr·ft 2 ·
°F/Btu.
b. Locate the grid of entering air dry-bulb temperature sensors, if used, at the inlet of the damper box. Locate the air sampling
device, or the sensor used to measure the water vapor content of the inlet air, at a location immediately upstream of the
damper box inlet.
2.5.1.1 If the section 2.4.2 inlet plenum is installed. Install the inlet damper box upstream of the inlet plenum. The crosssectional flow area of the damper box must be equal to or greater than the flow area of the inlet plenum. If needed, use an
adaptor plate or a transition duct section to connect the damper box with the inlet plenum.
2.5.1.2 If the section 2.4.2 inlet plenum is not installed. Install the damper box immediately upstream of the air inlet of the
indoor unit. The cross-sectional dimensions of the damper box must be equal to or greater than the dimensions of the indoor
unit inlet. If needed, use an adaptor plate or a short transition duct section to connect the damper box with the unit's air inlet.
Add static pressure taps at the center of each face of the damper box, if rectangular, or at four evenly distributed locations
along the circumference, if oval or round. Locate the pressure taps between the inlet damper and the inlet of the indoor unit.
Make a manifold that connects the four static pressure taps.
2.5.2 Test set-up on the inlet side of the indoor unit: for cases where no inlet damper box is installed. If using the section
2.4.2 inlet plenum and a grid of dry bulb temperature sensors, mount the grid at a location upstream of the static pressure taps
described in section 2.4.2, preferably at the entrance plane of the inlet plenum. If the section 2.4.2 inlet plenum is not used,
but a grid of dry bulb temperature sensors is used, locate the grid approximately 6 inches upstream from the inlet of the
indoor coil. Or, in the case of non-ducted units having multiple indoor coils, locate a grid approximately 6 inches upstream
from the inlet of each indoor coil. Position an air sampling device, or the sensor used to measure the water vapor content of
the inlet air, immediately upstream of the (each) entering air dry-bulb temperature sensor grid. If a grid of sensors is not used,
position the entering air sampling device (or the sensor used to measure the water vapor content of the inlet air) as if the grid
were present.
2.5.3 Indoor coil static pressure difference measurement. Section 6.5.2 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by
reference, see §430.22) describes the method for fabricating static pressure taps. Also refer to Figure 2A of ASHRAE
Standard 51–99/AMCA Standard 210–99 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22). Use a differential pressure measuring
instrument that is accurate to within ±0.01 inches of water and has a resolution of at least 0.01 inches of water to measure the
static pressure difference between the indoor coil air inlet and outlet. Connect one side of the differential pressure instrument
to the manifolded pressure taps installed in the outlet plenum. Connect the other side of the instrument to the manifolded
pressure taps located in either the inlet plenum or incorporated within the air damper box. If an inlet plenum or inlet damper
box are not used, leave the inlet side of the differential pressure instrument open to the surrounding atmosphere. For nonducted systems that are tested with multiple outlet plenums, measure the static pressure within each outlet plenum relative to
the surrounding atmosphere.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
2.5.4 Test set-up on the outlet side of the indoor coil. a. Install an interconnecting duct between the outlet plenum described
in section 2.4.1 and the airflow measuring apparatus described below in section 2.6. The cross-sectional flow area of the
interconnecting duct must be equal to or greater than the flow area of the outlet plenum or the common duct used when
testing non-ducted units having multiple indoor coils. If needed, use adaptor plates or transition duct sections to allow the
connections. To minimize leakage, tape joints within the interconnecting duct (and the outlet plenum). Construct or insulate
the entire flow section with thermal insulation having a nominal overall resistance (R-value) of at least 19 hr·ft 2 · °F/Btu.
b. Install a grid(s) of dry-bulb temperature sensors inside the interconnecting duct. Also, install an air sampling device, or the
sensor(s) used to measure the water vapor content of the outlet air, inside the interconnecting duct. Locate the dry-bulb
temperature grid(s) upstream of the air sampling device (or the in-duct sensor(s) used to measure the water vapor content of
the outlet air). Air that circulates through an air sampling device and past a remote water-vapor-content sensor(s) must be
returned to the interconnecting duct at a point:
(1) Downstream of the air sampling device;
(2) Upstream of the outlet air damper box, if installed; and
(3) Upstream of the section 2.6 airflow measuring apparatus.
2.5.4.1 Outlet air damper box placement and requirements. If using an outlet air damper box (see section 2.5), install it within
the interconnecting duct at a location downstream of the location where air from the sampling device is reintroduced or
downstream of the in-duct sensor that measures water vapor content of the outlet air. The leakage rate from the combination
of the outlet plenum, the closed damper, and the duct section that connects these two components must not exceed 20 cubic
feet per minute when a negative pressure of 1 inch of water column is maintained at the plenum's inlet.
2.5.4.2 Procedures to minimize temperature maldistribution. Use these procedures if necessary to correct temperature
maldistributions. Install a mixing device(s) upstream of the outlet air, dry-bulb temperature grid (but downstream of the
outlet plenum static pressure taps). Use a perforated screen located between the mixing device and the dry-bulb temperature
grid, with a maximum open area of 40 percent. One or both items should help to meet the maximum outlet air temperature
distribution specified in section 3.1.8. Mixing devices are described in sections 6.3—6.5 of ASHRAE Standard 41.1–86 (RA
01) (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) and section 5.2.2 of ASHRAE Standard 41.2–87 (RA 92) (incorporated by
reference, see §430.22).
2.5.4.3 Minimizing air leakage. For small-duct, high-velocity systems, install an air damper near the end of the
interconnecting duct, just prior to the transition to the airflow measuring apparatus of section 2.6. To minimize air leakage,
adjust this damper such that the pressure in the receiving chamber of the airflow measuring apparatus is no more than 0.5
inch of water higher than the surrounding test room ambient. In lieu of installing a separate damper, use the outlet air damper
box of sections 2.5 and 2.5.4.1 if it allows variable positioning. Also apply these steps to any conventional indoor blower
unit that creates a static pressure within the receiving chamber of the airflow measuring apparatus that exceeds the test room
ambient pressure by more than 0.5 inches of water column.
2.5.5 Dry bulb temperature measurement. a. Measure dry bulb temperatures as specified in sections 4, 5, 6.1–6.10, 9, 10,
and 11 of ASHRAE Standard 41.1–86 (RA 01) (incorporated by reference, see §430.22). The transient testing requirements
cited in section 4.3 of ASHRAE Standard 41.1–86 (RA 01) (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) apply if conducting a
cyclic or frost accumulation test.
b. Distribute the sensors of a dry-bulb temperature grid over the entire flow area. The required minimum is 9 sensors per grid.
2.5.6 Water vapor content measurement. Determine water vapor content by measuring dry-bulb temperature combined with
the air wet-bulb temperature, dew point temperature, or relative humidity. If used, construct and apply wet-bulb temperature
sensors as specified in sections 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, and 11 of ASHRAE Standard 41.1–86 (RA 01) (incorporated by reference, see
§430.22). As specified in ASHRAE 41.1–86 (RA 01) (incorporated by reference, see §430.22), the temperature sensor (wick
removed) must be accurate to within ±0.2 °F. If used, apply dew point hygrometers as specified in sections 5 and 8 of
ASHRAE Standard 41.6–94 (RA 01) (incorporated by reference, see §430.22). The dew point hygrometers must be accurate
to within ±0.4 °F when operated at conditions that result in the evaluation of dew points above 35 °F. If used, a relative
humidity (RH) meter must be accurate to within ±0.7% RH. Other means to determine the psychrometric state of air may be
used as long as the measurement accuracy is equivalent to or better than the accuracy achieved from using a wet-bulb
temperature sensor that meets the above specifications.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
2.5.7 Air damper box performance requirements. If used (see section 2.5), the air damper box(es) must be capable of being
completely opened or completely closed within 10 seconds for each action.
2.6 Airflow measuring apparatus. a. Fabricate and operate an Air Flow Measuring Apparatus as specified in section 6.6 of
ASHRAE Standard 116–95 (RA05) (incorporated by reference, see §430.22). Refer to Figure 12 of ASHRAE Standard 51–
99/AMCA Standard 210–99 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) or Figure 14 of ASHRAE Standard 41.2–87 (RA 92)
(incorporated by reference, see §430.22) for guidance on placing the static pressure taps and positioning the diffusion baffle
(settling means) relative to the chamber inlet.
b. Connect the airflow measuring apparatus to the interconnecting duct section described in section 2.5.4. See sections 6.1.1,
6.1.2, and 6.1.4, and Figures 1, 2, and 4 of ASHRAE Standard 37–2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22), and Figures
D1, D2, and D4 of AHRI Standard 210/240–2006 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) for illustrative examples of how
the test apparatus may be applied within a complete laboratory set-up. Instead of following one of these examples, an
alternative set-up may be used to handle the air leaving the airflow measuring apparatus and to supply properly conditioned
air to the test unit's inlet. The alternative set-up, however, must not interfere with the prescribed means for measuring airflow
rate, inlet and outlet air temperatures, inlet and outlet water vapor contents, and external static pressures, nor create abnormal
conditions surrounding the test unit. (Note: Do not use an enclosure as described in section 6.1.3 of ASHRAE Standard 37–
2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) when testing triple-split units.)
2.7 Electrical voltage supply. Perform all tests at the voltage specified in section 6.1.3.2 of AHRI Standard 210/240–2006
(incorporated by reference, see §430.22) for “Standard Rating Tests.” Measure the supply voltage at the terminals on the test
unit using a volt meter that provides a reading that is accurate to within ±1.0 percent of the measured quantity.
2.8 Electrical power and energy measurements. a. Use an integrating power (watt-hour) measuring system to determine
the electrical energy or average electrical power supplied to all components of the air conditioner or heat pump (including
auxiliary components such as controls, transformers, crankcase heater, integral condensate pump on non-ducted indoor units,
etc.). The watt-hour measuring system must give readings that are accurate to within ±0.5 percent. For cyclic tests, this
accuracy is required during both the ON and OFF cycles. Use either two different scales on the same watt-hour meter or two
separate watt-hour meters. Activate the scale or meter having the lower power rating within 15 seconds after beginning an
OFF cycle. Activate the scale or meter having the higher power rating active within 15 seconds prior to beginning an ON
cycle. For ducted units tested with a fan installed, the ON cycle lasts from compressor ON to indoor fan OFF. For ducted
units tested without an indoor fan installed, the ON cycle lasts from compressor ON to compressor OFF. For non-ducted
units, the ON cycle lasts from indoor fan ON to indoor fan OFF. When testing air conditioners and heat pumps having a
variable-speed compressor, avoid using an induction watt/watt-hour meter.
b. When performing section 3.5 and/or 3.8 cyclic tests on non-ducted units, provide instrumentation to determine the average
electrical power consumption of the indoor fan motor to within ±1.0 percent. If required according to sections 3.3, 3.4, 3.7,
3.9.1, and/or 3.10, this same instrumentation requirement applies when testing air conditioners and heat pumps having a
variable-speed constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan or a variable-speed, variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan.
2.9 Time measurements. Make elapsed time measurements using an instrument that yields readings accurate to within
±0.2 percent.
2.10 Test apparatus for the secondary space conditioning capacity measurement. For all tests, use the Indoor Air Enthalpy
Method to measure the unit's capacity. This method uses the test set-up specified in sections 2.4 to 2.6. In addition, for all
steady-state tests, conduct a second, independent measurement of capacity as described in section 3.1.1. For split systems,
use one of the following secondary measurement methods: Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method, Compressor Calibration Method,
or Refrigerant Enthalpy Method. For single packaged units, use either the Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method or the Compressor
Calibration Method as the secondary measurement.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
2.10.1 Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method. a. To make a secondary measurement of indoor space conditioning capacity using
the Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method, do the following:
(1) Measure the electrical power consumption of the test unit;
(2) Measure the air-side capacity at the outdoor coil; and
(3) Apply a heat balance on the refrigerant cycle.
b. The test apparatus required for the Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method is a subset of the apparatus used for the Indoor Air
Enthalpy Method. Required apparatus includes the following:
(1) An outlet plenum containing static pressure taps (sections 2.4, 2.4.1, and 2.5.3),
(2) An airflow measuring apparatus (section 2.6),
(3) A duct section that connects these two components and itself contains the instrumentation for measuring the dry-bulb
temperature and water vapor content of the air leaving the outdoor coil (sections 2.5.4, 2.5.5, and 2.5.6), and
(4) On the inlet side, a sampling device and optional temperature grid (sections 2.5 and 2.5.2).
c. During the preliminary tests described in sections 3.11.1 and 3.11.1.1, measure the evaporator and condenser temperatures
or pressures. On both the outdoor coil and the indoor coil, solder a thermocouple onto a return bend located at or near the
midpoint of each coil or at points not affected by vapor superheat or liquid subcooling. Alternatively, if the test unit is not
sensitive to the refrigerant charge, connect pressure gages to the access valves or to ports created from tapping into the
suction and discharge lines. Use this alternative approach when testing a unit charged with a zeotropic refrigerant having a
temperature glide in excess of 1 °F at the specified test conditions.
2.10.2 Compressor Calibration Method. Measure refrigerant pressures and temperatures to determine the evaporator
superheat and the enthalpy of the refrigerant that enters and exits the indoor coil. Determine refrigerant flow rate or, when the
superheat of the refrigerant leaving the evaporator is less than 5 °F, total capacity from separate calibration tests conducted
under identical operating conditions. When using this method, install instrumentation, measure refrigerant properties, and
adjust the refrigerant charge according to section 7.4.2 of ASHRAE Standard 37–2005 (incorporated by reference, see
§430.22). Use refrigerant temperature and pressure measuring instruments that meet the specifications given in sections 5.1.1
and 5.2 of ASHRAE Standard 37–2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22).
2.10.3 Refrigerant Enthalpy Method. For this method, calculate space conditioning capacity by determining the refrigerant
enthalpy change for the indoor coil and directly measuring the refrigerant flow rate. Use section 7.5.2 of ASHRAE Standard
37–2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) for the requirements for this method, including the additional
instrumentation requirements, and information on placing the flow meter and a sight glass. Use refrigerant temperature,
pressure, and flow measuring instruments that meet the specifications given in sections 5.1.1, 5.2, and 5.5.1 of ASHRAE
Standard 37–2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22).
2.11 Measurement of test room ambient conditions. a. If using a test set-up where air is ducted directly from the
conditioning apparatus to the indoor coil inlet (see Figure 2, Loop Air-Enthalpy Test Method Arrangement, of ASHRAE
Standard 37–2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22)), add instrumentation to permit measurement of the indoor test
room dry-bulb temperature.
b. If the Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method is not used, add instrumentation to measure the dry-bulb temperature and the water
vapor content of the air entering the outdoor coil. If an air sampling device is used, construct and apply the device as per
section 6 of ASHRAE Standard 41.1–86 (RA 01) (incorporated by reference, see §430.22). Take steps (e.g., add or reposition a lab circulating fan), as needed, to minimize the magnitude of the temperature distribution non-uniformity. Position
any fan in the outdoor test room while trying to keep air velocities in the vicinity of the test unit below 500 feet per minute.
c. Measure dry bulb temperatures as specified in sections 4, 5, 6.1–6.10, 9, 10, and 11 of ASHRAE Standard 41.1–86
(RA 01) (incorporated by reference, see §430.22). Measure water vapor content as stated above in section 2.5.6.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
2.12 Measurement of indoor fan speed. When required, measure fan speed using a revolution counter, tachometer, or
stroboscope that gives readings accurate to within ±1.0 percent.
2.13 Measurement of barometric pressure. Determine the average barometric pressure during each test. Use an instrument
that meets the requirements specified in section 5.2 of ASHRAE Standard 37–2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22).
3.
Testing Procedures
3.1 General Requirements. If, during the testing process, an equipment set-up adjustment is made that would alter the
performance of the unit when conducting an already completed test, then repeat all tests affected by the adjustment. For
cyclic tests, instead of maintaining an air volume rate, for each airflow nozzle, maintain the static pressure difference or
velocity pressure during an ON period at the same pressure difference or velocity pressure as measured during the steadystate test conducted at the same test conditions.
3.1.1 Primary and secondary test methods. For all tests, use the Indoor Air Enthalpy Method test apparatus to determine the
unit's space conditioning capacity. The procedure and data collected, however, differ slightly depending upon whether the
test is a steady-state test, a cyclic test, or a frost accumulation test. The following sections described these differences. For all
steady-state tests (i.e., the A, A2, A1, B, B2, B1, C, C1, EV, F1, G1, H01, H1, H12, H11, HIN, H3, H32, and H31 Tests), in
addition, use one of the acceptable secondary methods specified in section 2.10 to determine indoor space conditioning
capacity. Calculate this secondary check of capacity according to section 3.11. The two capacity measurements must agree to
within 6 percent to constitute a valid test. For this capacity comparison, use the Indoor Air Enthalpy Method capacity that is
calculated in section 7.3 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) (and, if testing a coil-only
unit, do not make the after-test fan heat adjustments described in section 3.3, 3.4, 3.7, and 3.10 of this Appendix). However,
include the appropriate section 3.3 to 3.5 and 3.7 to 3.10 fan heat adjustments within the Indoor Air Enthalpy Method
capacities used for the section 4 seasonal calculations.
3.1.2 Manufacturer-provided equipment overrides. Where needed, the manufacturer must provide a means for overriding the
controls of the test unit so that the compressor(s) operates at the specified speed or capacity and the indoor fan operates at the
specified speed or delivers the specified air volume rate.
3.1.3 Airflow through the outdoor coil. For all tests, meet the requirements given in section 6.1.3.4 of AHRI Standard
210/240–2006 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) when obtaining the airflow through the outdoor coil.
3.1.4 Airflow through the indoor coil.
3.1.4.1 Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate.
3.1.4.1.1 Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate for Ducted Units. The manufacturer must specify the Cooling Full-load Air
Volume Rate. Use this value as long as the following two requirements are satisfied. First, when conducting the A or A2
Test (exclusively), the measured air volume rate, when divided by the measured indoor air-side total cooling capacity must
not exceed 37.5 cubic feet per minute of standard air (scfm) per 1000 Btu/h. If this ratio is exceeded, reduce the air volume
rate until this ratio is equaled. Use this reduced air volume rate for all tests that call for using the Cooling Full-load Air
Volume Rate. The second requirement is as follows:
a. For all ducted units tested with an indoor fan installed, except those having a variable-speed, constant-airvolume-rate indoor fan. The second requirement applies exclusively to the A or A2 Test and is met as follows.
(1) Achieve the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate, determined in accordance with the previous paragraph;
(2) Measure the external static pressure;
(3) If this pressure is equal to or greater than the applicable minimum external static pressure cited in Table 2, this
second requirement is satisfied. Use the current air volume rate for all tests that require the Cooling Full-load Air
Volume Rate.
(4) If the Table 2 minimum is not equaled or exceeded,
(4a) reduce the air volume rate until the applicable Table 2 minimum is equaled or
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
(4b) until the measured air volume rate equals 95 percent of the air volume rate from step 1, whichever occurs first.
(5) If the conditions of step 4a occur first, this second requirement is satisfied. Use the step 4a reduced air volume
rate for all tests that require the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate.
(6) If the conditions of step 4b occur first, make an incremental change to the set-up of the indoor fan (e.g., next
highest fan motor pin setting, next highest fan motor speed) and repeat the evaluation process beginning at above
step 1. If the indoor fan set-up cannot be further changed, reduce the air volume rate until the applicable Table 2
minimum is equaled. Use this reduced air volume rate for all tests that require the Cooling Full-load Air Volume
Rate.
Table 2. Minimum External Static Pressure for Ducted Systems
Tested with an Indoor Fan Installed
Rated Cooling(1) or Heating(2)
Capacity
Minimum External Resistance(3)
(Inches of Water)
Small-Duct, High-Velocity
Systems(4,5)
Up Thru 28,800
0.10
1.10
29,000 to 42,500
0.15
1.15
43,000 and Above
0.20
1.20
(1)
For air conditioners and heat pumps, the value cited by the manufacturer in published
literature for the unit’s capacity when operated at the A or A2 Test conditions.
(Btu/h)
All Other Systems
(2)
For heating-only heat pumps, the value the manufacturer cites in published literature
for the unit’s capacity when operated at the H1 or H12 Test conditions.
(3)
For ducted units tested without an air filter installed, increase the applicable tabular
value by 0.08 inch of water.
(4)
See Definition 1.35 to determine if the equipment qualifies as a small-duct, highvelocity system.
(5)
If a closed-loop, air-enthalpy test apparatus is used on the indoor side, limit the
resistance to airflow on the inlet side of the indoor blower coil to a maximum value of
0.1 inch of water. Impose the balance of the airflow resistance on the outlet side of the
indoor blower.
b. For ducted units that are tested with a variable-speed, constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan installed. For all tests that
specify the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate, obtain an external static pressure as close to (but not less than) the
applicable Table 2 value that does not cause instability or an automatic shutdown of the indoor blower.
c. For ducted units that are tested without an indoor fan installed. For the A or A2 Test, (exclusively), the pressure drop
across the indoor coil assembly must not exceed 0.30 inches of water. If this pressure drop is exceeded, reduce the air
volume rate until the measured pressure drop equals the specified maximum. Use this reduced air volume rate for all
tests that require the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate.
3.1.4.1.2 Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate for Non-ducted Units. For non-ducted units, the Cooling Full-load Air Volume
Rate is the air volume rate that results during each test when the unit is operated at an external static pressure of zero inches
of water.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
3.1.4.2 Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate. a. For ducted units that regulate the speed (as opposed to the cfm) of the indoor
fan,
Cooling
=
Minimum Air Vol. Rate
Cooling Full-load Air Vol. Rate ×
Cooling Minimum Fan Speed
,
A 2 Test Fan Speed
where “Cooling Minimum Fan Speed” corresponds to the fan speed used when operating at low compressor capacity (twocapacity system), the fan speed used when operating at the minimum compressor speed (variable-speed system), or the
lowest fan speed used when cooling (single-speed compressor and a variable-speed variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan). For
such systems, obtain the Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate regardless of the external static pressure.
b. For ducted units that regulate the air volume rate provided by the indoor fan, the manufacturer must specify the Cooling
Minimum Air Volume Rate. For such systems, conduct all tests that specify the Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate—(i.e.,
the A1, B1, C1, F1, and G1 Tests)—at an external static pressure that does not cause instability or an automatic shutdown of the
indoor blower while being as close to, but not less than,
2
 Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate 
A1 , B1 , C1 , F1 , & G1 Test ∆Pst = ∆Pst,A 2 × 
 ,
 Cooling Full - load Air Volume Rate 
where ΔPst,A2 is the applicable Table 2 minimum external static pressure that was targeted during the A2 (and B2) Test.
c. For ducted two-capacity units that are tested without an indoor fan installed, the Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate is the
higher of (1) the rate specified by the manufacturer or (2) 75 percent of the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate. During the
laboratory tests on a coil-only (fanless) unit, obtain this Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate regardless of the pressure drop
across the indoor coil assembly.
d. For non-ducted units, the Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate is the air volume rate that results during each test when the
unit operates at an external static pressure of zero inches of water and at the indoor fan setting used at low compressor
capacity (two-capacity system) or minimum compressor speed (variable-speed system). For units having a single-speed
compressor and a variable-speed variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan, use the lowest fan setting allowed for cooling.
3.1.4.3 Cooling Intermediate Air Volume Rate. a. For ducted units that regulate the speed of the indoor fan,
Cooling
=
Intermediate Air Vol. Rate
Cooling Full-load Air Vol. Rate ×
E V Test Fan Speed
,
A 2 Test Fan Speed
For such units, obtain the Cooling Intermediate Air Volume Rate regardless of the external static pressure.
b. For ducted units that regulate the air volume rate provided by the indoor fan, the manufacturer must specify the Cooling
Intermediate Air Volume Rate. For such systems, conduct the EV Test at an external static pressure that does not cause
instability or an automatic shutdown of the indoor blower while being as close to, but not less than,
E V TestΔP st= ΔP× st,A2
 Cooling Intermediate Air Volume Rate 
, 
 Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate


2
where ΔPst,A2 is the applicable Table 2 minimum external static pressure that was targeted during the A2 (and B2) Test.
c. For non-ducted units, the Cooling Intermediate Air Volume Rate is the air volume rate that results when the unit operates
at an external static pressure of zero inches of water and at the fan speed selected by the controls of the unit for the EV Test
conditions.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
3.1.4.4 Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate.
3.1.4.4.1 Ducted heat pumps where the Heating and Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rates are the same. a. Use the Cooling
Full-load Air Volume Rate as the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate for:
1. Ducted heat pumps that operate at the same indoor fan speed during both the A (or A2) and the H1 (or H12) Tests;
2. Ducted heat pumps that regulate fan speed to deliver the same constant air volume rate during both the A (or A2)
and the H1 (or H12) Tests; and
3. Ducted heat pumps that are tested without an indoor fan installed (except two-capacity northern heat pumps that are
tested only at low capacity cooling—see 3.1.4.4.2).
b. For heat pumps that meet the above criteria “1” and “3,” no minimum requirements apply to the measured external or
internal, respectively, static pressure. For heat pumps that meet the above criterion “2,” test at an external static pressure that
does not cause instability or an automatic shutdown of the indoor blower while being as close to, but not less than, the same
Table 2 minimum external static pressure as was specified for the A (or A2) cooling mode test.
3.1.4.4.2 Ducted heat pumps where the Heating and Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rates are different due to indoor fan
operation. a. For ducted heat pumps that regulate the speed (as opposed to the cfm) of the indoor fan,
=
Heating
Full-load Air Volume Rate
Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate ×
H1 or H12 Test Fan Speed
,
A or A 2 Test Fan Speed
For such heat pumps, obtain the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate without regard to the external static pressure.
b. For ducted heat pumps that regulate the air volume rate delivered by the indoor fan, the manufacturer must specify the
Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate. For such heat pumps, conduct all tests that specify the Heating Full-load Air Volume
Rate at an external static pressure that does not cause instability or an automatic shutdown of the indoor blower while being
as close to, but not less than,
2
 Heating Full - load Air Volume Rate 
Heating Full - load ∆Pst = Cooling Full - load ∆Pst × 
 ,
 Cooling Full - load Air Volume Rate 
where the Cooling Full-load ΔPst is the applicable Table 2 minimum external static pressure that was specified for the A or
A2 Test.
c. When testing ducted, two-capacity northern heat pumps (see Definition 1.46), use the appropriate approach of the above
two cases for units that are tested with an indoor fan installed. For coil-only (fanless) northern heat pumps, the Heating Fullload Air Volume Rate is the lesser of the rate specified by the manufacturer or 133 percent of the Cooling Full-load Air
Volume Rate. For this latter case, obtain the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate regardless of the pressure drop across the
indoor coil assembly.
3.1.4.4.3 Ducted heating-only heat pumps. The manufacturer must specify the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate.
a. For all ducted heating-only heat pumps tested with an indoor fan installed, except those having a variable-speed, constantair-volume-rate indoor fan. Conduct the following steps only during the first test, the H1 or H12 Test.
(1) Achieve the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate.
(2) Measure the external static pressure.
(3) If this pressure is equal to or greater than the Table 2 minimum external static pressure that applies given the
heating-only heat pump’s rated heating capacity, use the current air volume rate for all tests that require the Heating
Full-load Air Volume Rate.
58
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
(4) If the Table 2 minimum is not equaled or exceeded,
(4a) reduce the air volume rate until the applicable Table 2 minimum is equaled or
(4b) until the measured air volume rate equals 95 percent of the manufacturer-specified Full-load Air Volume Rate,
whichever occurs first.
(5) If the conditions of step 4a occurs first, use the step 4a reduced air volume rate for all tests that require the
Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate.
(6) If the conditions of step 4b occur first, make an incremental change to the set-up of the indoor fan (e.g., next
highest fan motor pin setting, next highest fan motor speed) and repeat the evaluation process beginning at above
step 1. If the indoor fan set-up cannot be further changed, reduce the air volume rate until the applicable Table 2
minimum is equaled. Use this reduced air volume rate for all tests that require the Heating Full-load Air Volume
Rate.
b. For ducted heating-only heat pumps that are tested with a variable-speed, constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan installed.
For all tests that specify the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate, obtain an external static pressure that does not cause
instability or an automatic shutdown of the indoor blower while being as close to, but not less than, the applicable Table 2
minimum.
c. For ducted heating-only heat pumps that are tested without an indoor fan installed. For the H1 or H12 Test, (exclusively),
the pressure drop across the indoor coil assembly must not exceed 0.30 inches of water. If this pressure drop is exceeded,
reduce the air volume rate until the measured pressure drop equals the specified maximum. Use this reduced air volume rate
for all tests that require the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate.
3.1.4.4.4 Non-ducted heat pumps, including non-ducted heating-only heat pumps. For non-ducted heat pumps, the Heating
Full-load Air Volume Rate is the air volume rate that results during each test when the unit operates at an external static
pressure of zero inches of water.
3.1.4.5 Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate. a. For ducted heat pumps that regulate the speed (as opposed to the cfm) of the
indoor fan,
Heating
=
Minimum Air Vol. Rate
Heating Full-load Air Vol. Rate ×
Heating Minimum Fan Speed
,
H12 Test Fan Speed
where “Heating Minimum Fan Speed” corresponds to the fan speed used when operating at low compressor capacity (twocapacity system), the lowest fan speed used at any time when operating at the minimum compressor speed (variable-speed
system), or the lowest fan speed used when heating (single-speed compressor and a variable-speed variable-air-volume-rate
indoor fan). For such heat pumps, obtain the Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate without regard to the external static
pressure.
b. For ducted heat pumps that regulate the air volume rate delivered by the indoor fan, the manufacturer must specify the
Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate. For such heat pumps, conduct all tests that specify the Heating Minimum Air Volume
Rate—(i.e., the H01, H11, H21, and H31 Tests)—at an external static pressure that does not cause instability or an automatic
shutdown of the indoor blower while being as close to, but not less than,
2
 Htg Minimum Air Vol. Rate 
H01 , H11 , H21 , H31 , Test ∆Pst = ∆Pst,H12 × 
 ,
 Htg Full - load Air Vol. Rate 
where ΔPst,H12
is the minimum external static pressure that was targeted during the H12 Test.
c. For ducted two-capacity northern heat pumps that are tested with an indoor fan installed, use the appropriate approach of
the above two cases.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
d. For ducted two-capacity heat pumps that are tested without an indoor fan installed, use the Cooling Minimum Air Volume
Rate as the Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate. For ducted two-capacity northern heat pumps that are tested without an
indoor fan installed, use the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate as the Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate. For ducted twocapacity heating-only heat pumps that are tested without an indoor fan installed, the Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate is
the higher of the rate specified by the manufacturer or 75 percent of the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate. During the
laboratory tests on a coil-only (fanless) unit, obtain the Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate without regard to the pressure
drop across the indoor coil assembly.
e. For non-ducted heat pumps, the Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate is the air volume rate that results during each test
when the unit operates at an external static pressure of zero inches of water and at the indoor fan setting used at low
compressor capacity (two-capacity system) or minimum compressor speed (variable-speed system). For units having a
single-speed compressor and a variable-speed, variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan, use the lowest fan setting allowed for
heating.
3.1.4.6 Heating Intermediate Air Volume Rate. a. For ducted heat pumps that regulate the speed of the indoor fan,
Heating
=
Intermediate Air Volume Rate
Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate ×
H2V Test Fan Speed
,
H12 Test Fan Speed
For such heat pumps, obtain the Heating Intermediate Air Volume Rate without regard to the external static pressure.
b. For ducted heat pumps that regulate the air volume rate delivered by the indoor fan, the manufacturer must specify the
Heating Intermediate Air Volume Rate. For such heat pumps, conduct the H2V Test at an external static pressure that does not
cause instability or an automatic shutdown of the indoor blower while being as close to, but not less than,
2
 Heating Intermediate Air Volume Rate 
H2 V Test ∆Pst = ∆Pst,H12 × 
 ,
 Heating Full - load Air Volume Rate 
where ΔPst,H12
is the minimum external static pressure that was specified for the H12 Test.
c. For non-ducted heat pumps, the Heating Intermediate Air Volume Rate is the air volume rate that results when the heat
pump operates at an external static pressure of zero inches of water and at the fan speed selected by the controls of the unit
for the H2V Test conditions.
3.1.4.7 Heating Nominal Air Volume Rate. Except for the noted changes, determine the Heating Nominal Air Volume Rate
using the approach described in section 3.1.4.6. Required changes include substituting “H1N Test” for H2V Test” within the
first section 3.1.4.6 equation, substituting “H1N Test ΔPst” for “H2V Test ΔPst” in the second section 3.1.4.6 equation,
substituting “H1N Test” for each “H2V Test”, and substituting “Heating Nominal Air Volume Rate” for each “Heating
Intermediate Air Volume Rate.”
Heating
=
Nominal Air Volume Rate
Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate ×
H1N Test Fan Speed
,
H12 Test Fan Speed
2
H1N Test ∆Pst = ∆Pst,H12
 Heating Nominal Air Volume Rate 
× 
 ,
 Heating Full - load Air Volume Rate 
3.1.5 Indoor test room requirement when the air surrounding the indoor unit is not supplied from the same source as the air
entering the indoor unit. If using a test set-up where air is ducted directly from the air reconditioning apparatus to the indoor
coil inlet (see Figure 2, Loop Air-Enthalpy Test Method Arrangement, of ASHRAE Standard 37–2005) (incorporated by
reference, see §430.22), maintain the dry bulb temperature within the test room within ±5.0 °F of the applicable sections 3.2
and 3.6 dry bulb temperature test condition for the air entering the indoor unit.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
3.1.6 Air volume rate calculations. For all steady-state tests and for frost accumulation (H2, H21, H22, H2V) tests, calculate
the air volume rate through the indoor coil as specified in sections 7.7.2.1 and 7.7.2.2 of ASHRAE Standard 37–2005
(incorporated by reference, see §430.22). (Note: In the first printing of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005, the second IP equation
for Qmi should read,
1097CAn PVν n′ .) When using the Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method, follow sections 7.7.2.1 and 7.7.2.2
to calculate the air volume rate through the outdoor coil. To express air volume rates in terms of standard air, use:
where,
•
V
s
= air volume rate of standard (dry) air, (ft 3 /min)da
•
V
mx
= air volume rate of the air-water vapor mixture, (ft 3 /min)mx
vn' = specific volume of air-water vapor mixture at the nozzle, ft 3 per lbm of the air-water vapor mixture
Wn = humidity ratio at the nozzle, lbm of water vapor per lbm of dry air
0.075 = the density associated with standard (dry) air, (lbm/ft 3 )
vn = specific volume of the dry air portion of the mixture evaluated at the dry-bulb temperature, vapor content, and
barometric pressure existing at the nozzle, ft 3 per lbm of dry air.
3.1.7 Test sequence. When testing a ducted unit (except if a heating-only heat pump), conduct the A or A2 Test first to
establish the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate. For ducted heat pumps where the Heating and Cooling Full-load Air
Volume Rates are different, make the first heating mode test one that requires the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate. For
ducted heating-only heat pumps, conduct the H1 or H12 Test first to establish the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate. When
conducting an optional cyclic test, always conduct it immediately after the steady-state test that requires the same test
conditions. For variable-speed systems, the first test using the Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate should precede the EV
Test if one expects to adjust the indoor fan control options when preparing for the first Minimum Air Volume Rate test.
Under the same circumstances, the first test using the Heating Minimum Air Volume Rate should precede the H2V Test. The
test laboratory makes all other decisions on the test sequence.
3.1.8 Requirement for the air temperature distribution leaving the indoor coil. For at least the first cooling mode test and the
first heating mode test, monitor the temperature distribution of the air leaving the indoor coil using the grid of individual
sensors described in sections 2.5 and 2.5.4. For the 30-minute data collection interval used to determine capacity, the
maximum spread among the outlet dry bulb temperatures from any data sampling must not exceed 1.5 °F. Install the mixing
devices described in section 2.5.4.2 to minimize the temperature spread.
3.1.9 Control of auxiliary resistive heating elements. Except as noted, disable heat pump resistance elements used for
heating indoor air at all times, including during defrost cycles and if they are normally regulated by a heat comfort controller.
For heat pumps equipped with a heat comfort controller, enable the heat pump resistance elements only during the belowdescribed, short test. For single-speed heat pumps covered under section 3.6.1, the short test follows the H1 or, if conducted,
the H1C Test. For two-capacity heat pumps and heat pumps covered under section 3.6.2, the short test follows the H12 Test.
Set the heat comfort controller to provide the maximum supply air temperature. With the heat pump operating and while
maintaining the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate, measure the temperature of the air leaving the indoor-side beginning
5 minutes after activating the heat comfort controller. Sample the outlet dry-bulb temperature at regular intervals that span
5 minutes or less. Collect data for 10 minutes, obtaining at least 3 samples. Calculate the average outlet temperature over the
10-minute interval, TCC.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
3.2
Cooling mode tests for different types of air conditioners and heat pumps.
3.2.1 Tests for a unit having a single-speed compressor that is tested with a fixed-speed indoor fan installed, with a constantair-volume-rate indoor fan installed, or with no indoor fan installed. Conduct two steady-state wet coil tests, the A and B
Tests. Use the two optional dry-coil tests, the steady-state C Test and the cyclic D Test, to determine the cooling mode cyclic
degradation coefficient, CDc. If the two optional tests are conducted but yield a tested CDc that exceeds the default CDc of if the
two optional tests are not conducted, assign CDc the default value of 0.25. Table 3 specifies test conditions for these four tests.
3.2.2 Tests for a unit having a single-speed compressor and a variable-speed variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan installed.
3.2.2.1 Indoor fan capacity modulation that correlates with the outdoor dry bulb temperature. Conduct four steady-state wet
coil tests: The A2, A1 , B2, and B1 Tests. Use the two optional dry-coil tests, the steady-state C1 Test and the cyclic D1 Test, to
determine the cooling mode cyclic-degradation coefficient,
C Dc . If the two optional tests are conducted but yield a tested
C Dc that exceeds the default C Dc or if the two optional tests are not conducted, assign C Dc the default value of 0.25. Table 4
specifies test conditions for these six tests
3.2.2.2 Indoor fan capacity modulation based on adjusting the sensible to total (S/T) cooling capacity ratio. The testing
requirements are the same as specified in section 3.2.1 and Table 3. Use a Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate that represents
a normal residential installation. If performed, conduct the steady-state C Test and the cyclic D Test with the unit operating in
the same S/T capacity control mode as used for the B Test.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 3. Cooling Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Single-Speed Compressor and a
Fixed-Speed Indoor Fan, a Constant Air Volume Rate Indoor Fan, or No Indoor Fan
Air Entering Indoor Unit
Temperature (°F)
Air Entering Outdoor
Unit Temperature (°F)
Dry Bulb
Wet Bulb
Dry Bulb
Wet Bulb
A Test—required (steady, wet coil) ...
80
67
95
75 1
Cooling Full-load 2
B Test—required (steady, wet coil) ...
80
67
82
65 1
Cooling Full-load
2
C Test—optional (steady, dry coil) ....
80
(3)
82
................
Cooling Full-load
2
D Test—optional (cyclic, dry coil) ....
80
(3)
82
................
(4)
Test description
Cooling Air Volume Rate
Notes:
(1)
The specified test condition only applies if the unit rejects condensate to the outdoor coil.
(2)
Defined in section 3.1.4.1.
(3)
The entering air must have a low enough moisture content so no condensate forms on the indoor coil. (It is recommended
that an indoor wet-bulb temperature of 57 °F or less be used.)
(4)
Maintain the airflow nozzles static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same pressure
difference or velocity pressure as measured during the C1 Test.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 4. Cooling Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Single-Speed Compressor and a
Variable Air Volume Rate Indoor Fan That correlates With the Outdoor Dry Bulb Temperature
(Sec. 3.2.2.1)
Air Entering Indoor
Unit
Temperature ( °F)
Test description
Air Entering Outdoor
Unit
Temperature ( °F)
Cooling Air Volume Rate
Wet Bulb
Dry
Bulb
Wet Bulb
A2 Test—required (steady, wet coil) ....... 80
67
95
75 (1)
Cooling Full-load (2)
A1 Test—required (steady, wet coil) ....... 80
67
95
75 (1)
Cooling minimum (3)
B2 Test—required (steady, wet coil) ........ 80
67
82
65 (1)
Cooling Full-load
B1 Test—required (steady, wet coil) ........ 80
67
82
65 (1)
Cooling minimum (3)
C1 Test (4)—optional (steady, dry coil) ..... 80
(4)
82
................
Cooling minimum (3)
D1 Test (4)—optional (cyclic, dry coil) ..... 80
(4)
82
................
(5)
Dry Bulb
(2)
Notes:
(1)
The specified test condition only applies if the unit rejects condensate to the outdoor coil.
(2)
Defined in section 3.1.4.1.
(3)
Defined in section 3.1.4.2.
(4)
The entering air must have a low enough moisture content so no condensate forms on the indoor coil. (It is recommended
that an indoor wet-bulb temperature of 57 °F or less be used.)
(5)
Maintain the airflow nozzles static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same pressure
difference or velocity pressure as measured during the C1 Test.
3.2.3 Tests for a unit having a two-capacity compressor. (See Definition 1.45.) a. Conduct four steady-state wet coil tests:
the A2, B2, B1, and F1 Tests. Use the two optional dry-coil tests, the steady-state C1 Test and the cyclic D1 Test, to determine
the cooling-mode cyclic-degradation coefficient,
exceeds the default
C Dc . If the two optional tests are conducted but yield a tested C Dc that
C Dc or if the two optional tests are not conducted, assign C Dc the default value of 0.25. Table 5 specifies
test conditions for these six tests.
b. For units having a variable speed indoor fan that is modulated to adjust the sensible to total (S/T) cooling capacity ratio,
use Cooling Full-load and Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rates that represent a normal residential installation. Additionally,
if conducting the optional dry-coil tests, operate the unit in the same S/T capacity control mode as used for the B1 Test.
c. Test two-capacity, northern heat pumps (see Definition 1.46) in the same way as a single speed heat pump with the unit
operating exclusively at low compressor capacity (see section 3.2.1 and Table 3).
d. If a two-capacity air conditioner or heat pump locks out low-capacity operation at higher outdoor temperatures, then use
the two optional dry-coil tests, the steady-state C2 Test and the cyclic D2 Test, to determine the cooling-mode cyclicdegradation coefficient that only applies to on/off cycling from high capacity,
conducted but yield a tested
C Dc (k = 2) . If the two optional tests are
C Dc (k = 2) that exceeds the default C Dc (k = 2) or if the two optional tests are not conducted,
C Dc (k = 2) the default value. The default C Dc (k = 2) is the same value as determined or assigned for the lowc
c
capacity cyclic-degradation coefficient, C D [or equivalently, C D ( k = 1) ].
assign
64
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 5. Cooling Mode Test Conditions for Units
Having a Two-Capacity Compressor
Test Description
Air Entering
Indoor Unit
Air Entering
Outdoor Unit
Temperature (°F)
Dry
Wet
Bulb
Bulb
Temperature (°F)
Dry
Wet
Bulb
Bulb
80
67
95
80
67
80
Compressor
Capacity
Cooling Air
Volume Rate
75(1)
High
Cooling FullLoad2)
82
65(1)
High
Cooling FullLoad2)
67
82
65(1)
Low
Cooling
Minimum(3)
80
(4)
82
−
High
Cooling FullLoad(2)
80
(4)
82
−
High
80
(4)
82
−
Low
80
(4)
82
−
Low
80
67
67
53.5(1)
Low
A2 Test – required
(steady, wet coil)
B2 Test – required
(steady, wet coil)
B1 Test – required
(steady, wet coil)
C2 Test – optional
(steady, dry-coil)
D2 Test – optional
(cyclic, dry-coil)
C1 Test – optional
(steady, dry-coil)
D1 Test – optional
(cyclic, dry-coil)
F1 Test – required
(5)
Cooling
Minimum(3)
(6)
Cooling
Minimum(3)
(steady, wet coil)
(1)
The specified test condition only applies if the unit rejects condensate to the outdoor coil.
(2)
Defined in section 3.1.4.1.
(3)
Defined in section 3.1.4.2.
(4)
The entering air must have a low enough moisture content so no condensate forms on the indoor
coil. DOE recommends using an indoor air wet-bulb temperature of 57°F or less.
(5)
Maintain the airflow nozzle(s) static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period
at the same pressure or velocity as measured during the C2 Test.
(6)
Maintain the airflow nozzle(s) static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period
at the same pressure or velocity as measured during the C1 Test.
3.2.4 Tests for a unit having a variable-speed compressor. a. Conduct five steady-state wet coil tests: The A2, EV, B2, B1,
and F1 tests. Use the two optional dry-coil tests, the steady-state G1 Test and the cyclic I1 Test, to determine the cooling mode
C Dc . If the two optional tests are conducted but yield a tested C Dc that exceeds the default
C Dc or if the two optional tests are not conducted, assign C Dc the default value of 0.25. Table 6 specifies test conditions for
cyclic-degradation coefficient,
these seven tests. Determine the intermediate compressor speed cited in Table 6 using:
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
where a tolerance of plus 5 percent or the next higher inverter frequency step from that calculated is allowed.
b. For units that modulate the indoor fan speed to adjust the sensible to total (S/T) cooling capacity ratio, use Cooling Fullload, Cooling Intermediate, and Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rates that represent a normal residential installation.
Additionally, if conducting the optional dry-coil tests, operate the unit in the same S/T capacity control mode as used for the
F1 Test.
c. For multiple-split air conditioners and heat pumps (except where noted), the following procedures supersede the above
requirements: For all Table 6 tests specified for a minimum compressor speed, at least one indoor unit must be turned off.
The manufacturer shall designate the particular indoor unit(s) that is turned off. The manufacturer must also specify the
compressor speed used for the Table 6 EV Test, a cooling-mode intermediate compressor speed that falls within ¼ and ¾ of
the difference between the maximum and minimum cooling-mode speeds. The manufacturer should prescribe an
intermediate speed that is expected to yield the highest EER for the given EV Test conditions and bracketed compressor speed
range. The manufacturer can designate that one or more indoor units are turned off for the EV Test.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 6. Cooling Mode Test Condition for Units
Having a Variable-Speed Compressor
Test Description
Air Entering
Air Entering
Indoor Unit
Outdoor Unit
Temperature (°F)
Temperature (°F)
Compressor
Cooling Air
Speed
Volume Rate
Dry
Bulb
Wet
Bulb
Dry
Bulb
Wet
Bulb
80
67
95
75(1)
Maximum
Cooling FullLoad(2)
80
67
82
65(1)
Maximum
Cooling FullLoad(2)
80
67
87
69(1)
Intermediate
Cooling
Intermediate(3)
80
67
82
65(1)
Minimum
Cooling
Minimum(4)
80
67
67
53.5(1)
Minimum
Cooling
Minimum(4)
80
(6)
67

Minimum
Cooling
Minimum(4)
80
(6)
67

Minimum
A2 Test –
required
(steady, wet
coil)
B2 Test –
required
(steady – wet
coil)
EV Test –
required
(steady, wet
coil)
B1 Test –
required
(steady, wet
coil)
F1 Test –
required
(steady, wet
coil)
G1 Test(5) –
optional
(steady, drycoil)
I1 Test(5) –
optional
(6)
(cyclic, dry-coil)
(1)
The specified test condition only applies if the unit rejects condensate to the outdoor coil.
(2)
Defined in section 3.1.4.1.
(3)
Defined in section 3.1.4.3.
(4)
Defined in section 3.1.4.2.
(5)
The entering air must have a low enough moisture content so no condensate forms on the
indoor coil. DOE recommends using an indoor air wet bulb temperature of 57°F or less.
(6)
Maintain the airflow nozzle(s) static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON
period at the same pressure difference or velocity pressure as measured during the G1 Test.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
3.3 Test procedures for steady-state wet coil cooling mode tests (the A, A2, A1, B, B2, B1, EV, and F1 Tests). a. For the
pretest interval, operate the test room reconditioning apparatus and the unit to be tested until maintaining equilibrium
conditions for at least 30 minutes at the specified section 3.2 test conditions. Use the exhaust fan of the airflow measuring
apparatus and, if installed, the indoor fan of the test unit to obtain and then maintain the indoor air volume rate and/or
external static pressure specified for the particular test. Continuously record (see Definition 1.15):
(1) The dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the indoor coil,
(2) The water vapor content of the air entering the indoor coil,
(3) The dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the outdoor coil, and
(4) For the section 2.2.4 cases where its control is required, the water vapor content of the air entering the outdoor coil.
Refer to section 3.11 for additional requirements that depend on the selected secondary test method.
b. After satisfying the pretest equilibrium requirements, make the measurements specified in Table 3 of ASHRAE Standard
37–2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) for the Indoor Air Enthalpy method and the user-selected secondary
method. Except for external static pressure, make the Table 3 measurements at equal intervals that span 10 minutes or less.
Measure external static pressure every 5 minutes or less. Continue data sampling until reaching a 30-minute period (e.g., four
consecutive 10-minute samples) where the test tolerances specified in Table 7 are satisfied. For those continuously recorded
parameters, use the entire data set from the 30-minute interval to evaluate Table 7 compliance. Determine the average
electrical power consumption of the air conditioner or heat pump over the same 30-minute interval.
c. Calculate indoor-side total cooling capacity as specified in sections 7.3.3.1 and 7.3.3.3 of ASHRAE Standard 37–2005
(incorporated by reference, see §430.22). Do not adjust the parameters used in calculating capacity for the permitted
variations in test conditions. Evaluate air enthalpies based on the measured barometric pressure. Assign the average total
•
space cooling capacity and electrical power consumption over the 30-minute data collection interval to the variables Q
•
k
c
(T)
k
and E c (T), respectively. For these two variables, replace the “T” with the nominal outdoor temperature at which the test
was conducted. The superscript k is used only when testing multi-capacity units. Use the superscript k=2 to denote a test with
the unit operating at high capacity or maximum speed, k=1 to denote low capacity or minimum speed, and k=v to denote the
intermediate speed.
•
d. For units tested without an indoor fan installed, decrease Q
•
and increase E
k
c
(T) by
k
c
(T) by,
•
where V s is the average measured indoor air volume rate expressed in units of cubic feet per minute of standard air (scfm).
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 7. Test Operating and Test Condition Tolerances for Section 3.3 Steady-State Wet Coil
Cooling Mode Tests and Section 3.4 Dry Coil Cooling Mode Tests
Test Operating Tolerance (1)
Test Condition Tolerance (2)
Indoor dry-bulb, °F
Entering temperature ........................................................
2.0
Leaving temperature .........................................................
2.0
0.5
Indoor wet-bulb, °F
Entering temperature ........................................................
1.0
Leaving temperature .........................................................
1.0 (3)
0.3 (3)
Outdoor dry-bulb, °F
Entering temperature ........................................................
2.0
Leaving temperature .........................................................
2.0 (4)
0.5
Outdoor wet-bulb, °F
Entering temperature ........................................................
1.0
Leaving temperature .........................................................
1.0
0.3 (5)
External resistance to airflow, inches of water ........................
0.05 (4)
0.02 (6)
Electrical voltage, % of rdg. ....................................................
2.0
1.5
Nozzle pressure drop, % of rdg. ...............................................
2.0
Notes:
(1)
See Definition 1.41.
(2)
See Definition 1.40.
(3)
Only applies during wet coil tests; does not apply during steady-state, dry coil cooling mode tests.
(4)
Only applies when using the Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method.
(5)
Only applies during wet coil cooling mode tests where the unit rejects condensate to the outdoor coil.
(6)
Only applies when testing non-ducted units.
d. For air conditioners and heat pumps having a constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan, the five additional steps listed below are
required if the average of the measured external static pressures exceeds the applicable sections 3.1.4 minimum (or target)
external static pressure (ΔPmin) by 0.03 inches of water or more.
•
1. Measure the average power consumption of the indoor fan motor ( E fan,1) and record the corresponding external static
pressure (ΔP1) during or immediately following the 30-minute interval used for determining capacity.
2. After completing the 30-minute interval and while maintaining the same test conditions, adjust the exhaust fan of the
airflow measuring apparatus until the external static pressure increases to approximately ΔP1 + (ΔP1 − ΔPmin).
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
3. After re-establishing steady readings of the fan motor power and external static pressure, determine average values for the
•
indoor fan power ( E
fan,2)
and the external static pressure (ΔP2) by making measurements over a 5-minute interval.
4. Approximate the average power consumption of the indoor fan motor at ΔPmin using linear extrapolation:
•
5. Increase the total space cooling capacity, Q
•
Decrease the total electrical power, E
k
c
•
(T), by the quantity ( E
•
fan, 1
− E
fan, min),
when expressed on a Btu/h basis.
k
c
(T), by the same fan power difference, now expressed in watts.
3.4 Test procedures for the optional steady-state dry-coil cooling-mode tests (the C, C1, C2, and G1 Tests). a. Except for
the modifications noted in this section, conduct the steady-state dry coil cooling mode tests as specified in section 3.3 for wet
coil tests. Prior to recording data during the steady-state dry coil test, operate the unit at least one hour after achieving dry
coil conditions. Drain the drain pan and plug the drain opening. Thereafter, the drain pan should remain completely dry.


b. Denote the resulting total space cooling capacity and electrical power derived from the test as Q
ss,dry and E ss,dry . With

regard to a section 3.3 deviation, do not adjust Q
ss,dry for duct losses (i.e., do not apply section 7.3.3.3 of ASHRAE Standard
37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22)). In preparing for the section 3.5 cyclic tests, record the average indoor•
side air volume rate,
V , specific heat of the air, Cp,a (expressed on dry air basis), specific volume of the air at the nozzles,
v′n, humidity ratio at the nozzles, Wn, and either pressure difference or velocity pressure for the flow nozzles. For units
having a variable-speed indoor fan (that provides either a constant or variable air volume rate) that will or may be tested
during the cyclic dry coil cooling mode test with the indoor fan turned off (see section 3.5), include the electrical power used
by the indoor fan motor among the recorded parameters from the 30-minute test.
3.5 Test procedures for the optional cyclic dry-coil cooling-mode tests (the D, D1, D2, and I1 Tests). a. After completing
the steady-state dry-coil test, remove the Outdoor Air Enthalpy method test apparatus, if connected, and begin manual
OFF/ON cycling of the unit's compressor. The test set-up should otherwise be identical to the set-up used during the steadystate dry coil test. When testing heat pumps, leave the reversing valve during the compressor OFF cycles in the same position
as used for the compressor ON cycles, unless automatically changed by the controls of the unit. For units having a variablespeed indoor fan, the manufacturer has the option of electing at the outset whether to conduct the cyclic test with the indoor
fan enabled or disabled. Always revert to testing with the indoor fan disabled if cyclic testing with the fan enabled is
unsuccessful.
b. For units having a single-speed or two-capacity compressor, cycle the compressor OFF for 24 minutes and then ON for 6
minutes (Δτcyc,dry = 0.5 hours). For units having a variable-speed compressor, cycle the compressor OFF for 48 minutes and
then ON for 12 minutes (Δτcyc, dry = 1.0 hours). Repeat the OFF/ON compressor cycling pattern until the test is completed.
Allow the controls of the unit to regulate cycling of the outdoor fan.
c. Sections 3.5.1 and 3.5.2 specify airflow requirements through the indoor coil of ducted and non-ducted systems,
respectively. In all cases, use the exhaust fan of the airflow measuring apparatus (covered under section 2.6) along with the
indoor fan of the unit, if installed and operating, to approximate a step response in the indoor coil airflow. Regulate the
exhaust fan to quickly obtain and then maintain the flow nozzle static pressure difference or velocity pressure at the same
value as was measured during the steady-state dry coil test. The pressure difference or velocity pressure should be within 2
percent of the value from the steady-state dry coil test within 15 seconds after airflow initiation. For units having a variablespeed indoor fan that ramps when cycling on and/or off, use the exhaust fan of the airflow measuring apparatus to impose a
step response that begins at the initiation of ramp up and ends at the termination of ramp down.
d. For units having a variable-speed indoor fan, conduct the cyclic dry coil test using the pull-thru approach described below
if any of the following occur when testing with the fan operating:
(1) The test unit automatically cycles off;
(2) Its blower motor reverses; or
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
(3) The unit operates for more than 30 seconds at an external static pressure that is 0.1 inches of water or more higher
than the value measured during the prior steady-state test.
For the pull-thru approach, disable the indoor fan and use the exhaust fan of the airflow measuring apparatus to
generate the specified flow nozzles static pressure difference or velocity pressure. If the exhaust fan cannot deliver the
required pressure difference because of resistance created by the unpowered blower, temporarily remove the blower.
e. After completing a minimum of two complete compressor OFF/ON cycles, determine the overall cooling delivered and
total electrical energy consumption during any subsequent data collection interval where the test tolerances given in Table 8
are satisfied. If available, use electric resistance heaters (see section 2.1) to minimize the variation in the inlet air temperature.
f. With regard to the Table 8 parameters, continuously record the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering the indoor and
outdoor coils during periods when air flows through the respective coils. Sample the water vapor content of the indoor coil
inlet air at least every 2 minutes during periods when air flows through the coil. Record external static pressure and the air
volume rate indicator (either nozzle pressure difference or velocity pressure) at least every minute during the interval that air
flows through the indoor coil. (These regular measurements of the airflow rate indicator are in addition to the required
measurement at 15 seconds after flow initiation.) Sample the electrical voltage at least every 2 minutes beginning 30 seconds
after compressor start-up. Continue until the compressor, the outdoor fan, and the indoor fan (if it is installed and operating)
cycle off.
g. For ducted units, continuously record the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering (as noted above) and leaving the indoor
coil. Or if using a thermopile, continuously record the difference between these two temperatures during the interval that air
flows through the indoor coil. For non-ducted units, make the same dry-bulb temperature measurements beginning when the
compressor cycles on and ending when indoor coil airflow ceases.
h. Integrate the electrical power over complete cycles of length Δτcyc, dry. For ducted units tested with an indoor fan installed
and operating, integrate electrical power from indoor fan OFF to indoor fan OFF. For all other ducted units and for nonducted units, integrate electrical power from compressor OFF to compressor OFF. (Some cyclic tests will use the same data
collection intervals to determine the electrical energy and the total space cooling. For other units, terminate data collection
used to determine the electrical energy before terminating data collection used to determine total space cooling.)
Table 8. Test Operating and Test Condition Tolerances for
Cyclic Dry Coil Cooling Mode Tests
Test Operating Tolerance (1)
Indoor entering dry-bulb temperature (3), °F...........................
2.0
Test Condition Tolerance (2)
0.5
Indoor entering wet-bulb temperature, °F .............................. .....................................
(4)
Outdoor entering dry-bulb temperature (3), °F ........................
2.0
0.5
External resistance to airflow (3), inches of water ..................
0.05
Airflow nozzle pressure difference or velocity pressure (3),
% of reading ......................................................................
2.0
2.0 (5)
Electrical voltage (6), % of rdg. ..............................................
2.0
1.5
......................................
Notes:
(1)
See Definition 1.41.
See Definition 1.40.
(3)
Applies during the interval that air flows through the indoor (outdoor) coil except for the first 30 seconds after flow
initiation. For units having a variable-speed indoor fan that ramps, the tolerances listed for the external resistance to
airflow apply from 30 seconds after achieving full speed until ramp down begins.
(4)
Shall at no time exceed a wet-bulb temperature that results in condensate forming on the indoor coil.
(5)
The test condition shall be the average nozzle pressure difference or velocity pressure measured during the steadystate dry coil test.
(6)
Applies during the interval when at least one of the following—the compressor, the outdoor fan, or, if applicable, the
indoor fan—are operating except for the first 30 seconds after compressor start-up.
(2)
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
i. If the Table 8 tolerances are satisfied over the complete cycle, record the measured electrical energy consumption as ecyc, dry
and express it in units of watt-hours. Calculate the total space cooling delivered, qcyc,dry, in units of Btu using,
•
where V , Cp,a, vn' (or vn), and Wn are the values recorded during the section 3.4 dry coil steady-state test and,
Tal (τ) = dry bulb temperature of the air entering the indoor coil at time τ, °F.
Ta2 (τ) = dry bulb temperature of the air leaving the indoor coil at time τ, °F.
τ1 = for ducted units, the elapsed time when airflow is initiated through the indoor coil; for non-ducted units, the elapsed time
when the compressor is cycled on, hr.
τ2 = the elapsed time when indoor coil airflow ceases, hr.
3.5.1 Procedures when testing ducted systems. The automatic controls that are normally installed with the test unit must
govern the OFF/ON cycling of the air moving equipment on the indoor side (exhaust fan of the airflow measuring apparatus
and, if installed, the indoor fan of the test unit). For example, for ducted units tested without an indoor fan installed but rated
based on using a fan time delay relay, control the indoor coil airflow according to the rated ON and/or OFF delays provided
by the relay. For ducted units having a variable-speed indoor fan that has been disabled (and possibly removed), start and
stop the indoor airflow at the same instances as if the fan were enabled. For all other ducted units tested without an indoor fan
installed, cycle the indoor coil airflow in unison with the cycling of the compressor. Close air dampers on the inlet (section
2.5.1) and outlet side (sections 2.5 and 2.5.4) during the OFF period. Airflow through the indoor coil should stop within 3
seconds after the automatic controls of the test unit (act to) de-energize the indoor fan. For ducted units tested without an
indoor fan installed (excluding the special case where a variable-speed fan is temporarily removed), increase ecyc,dry by the
quantity,
and decrease qcyc,dry by,
•
Where V s is the average indoor air volume rate from the section 3.4 dry coil steady-state test and is expressed in units of
cubic feet per minute of standard air (scfm). For units having a variable-speed indoor fan that is disabled during the cyclic
test, increase ecyc,dry and decrease qcyc,dry based on:
a. The product of [τ2 − τ1] and the indoor fan power measured during or following the dry coil steady-state test; or,
b. The following algorithm if the indoor fan ramps its speed when cycling.
1. Measure the electrical power consumed by the variable-speed indoor fan at a minimum of three operating
conditions: at the speed/air volume rate/external static pressure that was measured during the steady-state test, at
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
operating conditions associated with the midpoint of the ramp-up interval, and at conditions associated with the
midpoint of the ramp-down interval. For these measurements, the tolerances on the airflow volume or the external
static pressure are the same as required for the section 3.4 steady-state test.
2. For each case, determine the fan power from measurements made over a minimum of 5 minutes.
3. Approximate the electrical energy consumption of the indoor fan if it had operated during the cyclic test using all
three power measurements. Assume a linear profile during the ramp intervals. The manufacturer must provide the
durations of the ramp-up and ramp-down intervals. If a manufacturer-supplied ramp interval exceeds 45 seconds, use a
45-second ramp interval nonetheless when estimating the fan energy.
The manufacturer is allowed to choose option a, and forego the extra testing burden of option b, even if the unit ramps
indoor fan speed when cycling.
3.5.2 Procedures when testing non-ducted systems. Do not use air dampers when conducting cyclic tests on non-ducted
units. Until the last OFF/ON compressor cycle, airflow through the indoor coil must cycle off and on in unison with the
compressor. For the last OFF/ON compressor cycle—the one used to determine ecyc,dry and qcyc,dry—use the exhaust fan of the
airflow measuring apparatus and the indoor fan of the test unit to have indoor airflow start 3 minutes prior to compressor cuton and end three minutes after compressor cutoff. Subtract the electrical energy used by the indoor fan during the 3 minutes
prior to compressor cut-on from the integrated electrical energy, ecyc, dry. Add the electrical energy used by the indoor fan
during the 3 minutes after compressor cutoff to the integrated cooling capacity, qcyc, dry. For the case where the non-ducted
unit uses a variable-speed indoor fan which is disabled during the cyclic test, correct ecyc,dry and qcyc,dry using the same
approach as prescribed in section 3.5.1 for ducted units having a disabled variable-speed indoor fan.
3.5.3
Cooling-mode cyclic-degradation coefficient calculation. Use the two optional dry-coil tests to determine the
cooling-mode cyclic-degradation coefficient,
C Dc . Append “(k=2)” to the coefficient if it corresponds to a two-capacity unit
cycling at high capacity. If the two optional tests are conducted but yield a tested
C Dc that exceeds the default C Dc or if the
C Dc the default value of 0.25. The default value for two-capacity units cycling at
c
c
c
high capacity, however, is the low-capacity coefficient, i.e., C D ( k = 2) = C D . Evaluate C D using the above results and
two optional tests are not conducted, assign
those from the section 3.4 dry-coil steady-state test.
where,
the average energy efficiency ratio during the cyclic dry coil cooling mode test, Btu/W·h
the average energy efficiency ratio during the steady-state dry coil cooling mode test, Btu/W·h
the cooling load factor dimensionless.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Round the calculated value for CDc to the nearest 0.01. If CDc is negative, then set it equal to zero.
3.6
Heating mode tests for different types of heat pumps, including heating-only heat pumps.
3.6.1 Tests for a heat pump having a single-speed compressor that is tested with a fixed speed indoor fan installed, with a
constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan installed, or with no indoor fan installed. Conduct the optional High Temperature Cyclic
(H1C) Test to determine the heating mode cyclic-degradation coefficient,
h
C Dh . If this optional test is conducted but yields a
h
tested C D that exceeds the default C D or if the optional test is not conducted, assign
conditions for the four tests are specified in Table 9.
C Dh the default value of 0.25. Test
3.6.2
Tests for a heat pump having a single-speed compressor and a variable-speed, variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan:
capacity modulation correlates with outdoor dry bulb temperature. Conduct five tests: two High Temperature Tests (H12 and
H11), one Frost Accumulation Test (H22), and two Low Temperature Tests (H32 and H31). Conducting an additional Frost
Accumulation Test (H21) is optional. Conduct the optional High Temperature Cyclic (H1C1) Test to determine the heating
C Dh . If this optional test is conducted but yields a tested C Dh that exceeds the default
C Dh or if the optional test is not conducted, assign C Dh the default value of 0.25. Test conditions for the seven tests are
mode cyclic-degradation coefficient,
specified in Table 10. If the optional H21 Test is not performed, use the following equations to approximate the capacity and
electrical power of the heat pump at the H21 test conditions:
Table 9. Heating Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Single-Speed Compressor and
a Fixed-Speed Indoor Fan, a Constant Air Volume Rate Indoor Fan, or No Indoor Fan
Air Entering Indoor Unit
Temperature (°F)
Air Entering Outdoor
Unit Temperature
(°F)
Dry Bulb
Wet Bulb
Dry
Bulb
Wet Bulb
H1 Test (required, steady) ................. 70
60 (max)
47
43
Heating Full-load (1)
H1C Test (optional, cyclic) ............... 70
60 (max)
47
43
(2)
H2 Test (required) ............................. 70
60 (max)
35
33
Heating Full-load (1)
H3 Test (required, steady) ................. 70
60 (max)
17
15
Heating Full-load (1)
Test description
Heating Air
Volume Rate
Notes:
(1)
Defined in section 3.1.4.4.
(2)
Maintain the airflow nozzles static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same
pressure difference or velocity pressure as measured during the H1 Test.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 10. Heating Mode Test Conditions for Units Having a Single-Speed
Compressor and a Variable Air Volume Rate Indoor Fan
Air Entering Indoor Unit
Temperature (°F)
Air Entering Outdoor
Unit Temperature (°F)
Dry Bulb
Wet Bulb
Dry Bulb
Wet Bulb
H12 Test (required, steady)................
70
60 (max).......
47
43
Heating Full-load (1)
H11 Test (required, steady)................
70
60 (max) ......
47
43
Heating Minimum (2)
H1C1 Test (optional, cyclic) ..............
70
60 (max) ......
47
43
(3)
H22 Test (required)............................
70
60 (max).......
35
33
Heating Full-load (1)
H21 Test (optional) ............................
70
60 (max) ......
35
33
Heating Minimum (2)
H32 Test (required, steady)................
70
60 (max) ......
17
15
Heating Full-load (1)
H31 Test (required, steady)................
70
60 (max) ......
17
15
Heating Minimum (2)
Test description
Heating Air Volume Rate
Notes:
(1)
Defined in section 3.1.4.4.
(2)
Defined in section 3.1.4.5.
(3)
Maintain the airflow nozzles static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at the same pressure
difference or velocity pressure as measured during the H11 Test.
where,
•
The quantities Q
k=2
h
•
(47), E
k=2
h
•
(47), Q
k=1
h
•
as specified in section 3.7; the quantities Q
•
•
(47), and E
k=2
h
k=2
k=1
h
•
(35) and E
•
k=2
(47) are determined from the H12 and H11 Tests and evaluated
k=2
h
(35) are determined from the H22 Test and evaluated as
•
•
specified in section 3.9; and the quantities Q h (17), E h (17), Q hk=1(17), and E hk=1(17), are determined from the H32
and H31 Tests and evaluated as specified in section 3.10.3.6.3 Tests for a heat pump having a two-capacity compressor (see
Definition 1.45), including two-capacity, northern heat pumps (see Definition 1.46). a. Conduct one Maximum Temperature
Test (H01), two High Temperature Tests (H12 and H11), one Frost Accumulation Test (H22), and one Low Temperature Test
(H32). Conduct an additional Frost Accumulation Test (H21) and Low Temperature Test (H31) if both of the following
conditions exist:
1. Knowledge of the heat pump's capacity and electrical power at low compressor capacity for outdoor temperatures of 37 °F
and less is needed to complete the section 4.2.3 seasonal performance calculations, and
2. The heat pump's controls allow low capacity operation at outdoor temperatures of 37 °F and less.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
b. Conduct the optional Maximum Temperature Cyclic Test (H0C1) to determine the heating mode cyclic degradation
coefficient, CDh. If this optional test is not conducted, assign CDh the default value of 0.25. Table 10 specifies test conditions
for these eight tests.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 11. Heating Mode Test Conditions for Units
Having a Two-Capacity Compressor
Test Description
Air Entering Indoor
Unit
Air Entering
Outdoor Unit
Temperature (°F)
Temperature (°F)
Compressor
Capacity
Dry
Bulb
Wet Bulb
Dry
Bulb
Wet Bulb
70
60(max)
62
56.5
Low
70
60(max)
47
43
High
H01 Test
(required, steady)
H12 Test
Heating Air
Volume Rate
Heating
Minimum(1)
Heating
Full-Load(2)
(required, steady)
H1C2 Test
70
60(max)
47
43
High
70
60(max)
47
43
Low
70
60(max)
47
43
Low
70
60(max)
35
33
High
70
60(max)
35
33
Low
(3)
(optional, cyclic)
H11 Test
(required)
H1C1 Test
Heating
Minimum(1)
(4)
(optional, cyclic)
H22 Test
(required)
H21 Test(5,6)
Heating
Load(2)
Full-
Heating
Minimum(1)
(required)
H32 Test
70
60(max)
17
15
High
70
60(max)
17
15
Low
(required, steady)
H31 Test(5)
Heating
Load(2)
Full-
Heating
(required, steady)
Minimum(1)
(1)
Defined in section 3.1.4.5.
(2)
Defined in section 3.1.4.4.
(3)
Maintain the airflow nozzle(s) static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at
the same pressure or velocity as measured during the H12 Test.
(4)
Maintain the airflow nozzle(s) static pressure difference or velocity pressure during the ON period at
the same pressure or velocity as measured during the H11 Test.
(5)
Required only if the heat pump’s performance when operating at low compressor capacity and
outdoor temperatures less than 37°F is needed to complete the section 4.2.3 HSPF calculations.
(6)
 k =1 (35) and E k =1 (17 ) may be used in
If table note #5 applies, the section 3.6.3 equations for Q
h
h
lieu of conducting the H21 Test.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
3.6.3 Tests for a heat pump having a two-capacity compressor (see Definition 1.45), including two-capacity, northern heat
pumps (see Definition 1.46). a. Conduct one Maximum Temperature Test (H01), two High Temperature Tests (H12 and H11),
one Frost Accumulation Test (H22), and one Low Temperature Test (H32). Conduct an additional Frost Accumulation Test
(H21) and Low Temperature Test (H31) if both of the following conditions exist:
1.
Knowledge of the heat pump’s capacity and electrical power at low compressor capacity for outdoor temperatures
of 37°F and less is needed to complete the section 4.2.3 seasonal performance calculations; and
2.
The heat pump’s controls allow low-capacity operation at outdoor temperatures of 37°F and less.
If the above two conditions are met, an alternative to conducting the H21 Frost Accumulation is to use the following
equations to approximate the capacity and electrical power:
{
[
Q hk =1 (35) = 0.90 ⋅ Q hk =1 (17 ) + 0.6 ⋅ Q hk =1 (47 ) − Q hk =1 (17 )
{
[
]}
E hk =1 (35) = 0.985 ⋅ E hk =1 (17 ) + 0.6 ⋅ E hk =1 (47 ) − E hk =1 (17 )
]}
 k =1 (47 ) and E k =1 (47 ) from the H11 Test and evaluate them according to Section 3.7.
Determine the quantities Q
h
h
 k =1 (17 ) and E k =1 (17 ) from the H31 Test and evaluate them according to Section 3.10.
Determine the quantities Q
h
h
b. Conduct the optional High Temperature Cyclic Test (H1C1) to determine the heating-mode cyclic-degradation coefficient,
C Dh . If this optional test is conducted but yields a tested C Dh that exceeds the default C Dh or if the optional test is not
h
conducted, assign C D the default value of 0.25. If a two-capacity heat pump locks out low capacity operation at lower
outdoor temperatures, conduct the optional High Temperature Cyclic Test (H1C2) to determine the high-capacity heating-
C Dh (k = 2) . If this optional test at high capacity is conducted but yields a tested
C Dh (k = 2) that exceeds the default C Dh (k = 2) or if the optional test is not conducted, assign C Dh (k = 2) the default
mode cyclic-degradation coefficient,
value. The default
coefficient,
C Dh (k = 2) is the same value as determined or assigned for the low-capacity cyclic-degradation
C Dh [or equivalently, C Dh (k = 1) ]. Table 11 specifies test conditions for these nine tests.
3.6.4 Tests for a heat pump having a variable-speed compressor. a. Conduct one Maximum Temperature Test (H01), two
High Temperature Tests (H12 and H11), one Frost Accumulation Test (H2V), and one Low Temperature Test (H32).
Conducting one or both of the following tests is optional: An additional High Temperature Test (H1N ) and an additional
Frost Accumulation Test (H22). Conduct the optional Maximum Temperature Cyclic (H0C1) Test to determine the heating
mode cyclic-degradation coefficient,
C Dh . If this optional test is conducted but yields a tested C Dh that exceeds the default
C Dh or if the optional test is not conducted, assign C Dh the default value of 0.25. Test conditions for the eight tests are
specified in Table 12. Determine the intermediate compressor speed cited in Table 12 using the heating mode maximum and
minimum compressors speeds and:
where a tolerance of plus 5 percent or the next higher inverter frequency step from that calculated is allowed. If the H22 Test
is not done, use the following equations to approximate the capacity and electrical power at the H22 test conditions:
78
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
•
b. Determine the quantities Q
•
k=2
h
•
(47) and from E
•
k=2
k=2
h
(47) from the H12 Test and evaluate them according to section 3.7.
k=2
Determine the quantities Q h (17) and E h (17) from the H32 Test and evaluate them according to section 3.10. For heat
pumps where the heating mode maximum compressor speed exceeds its cooling mode maximum compressor speed, conduct
the H1N Test if the manufacturer requests it. If the H1N Test is done, operate the heat pump's compressor at the same speed as
the speed used for the cooling mode A2 Test. Refer to the last sentence of section 4.2 to see how the results of the H1N Test
may be used in calculating the heating seasonal performance factor.
c. For multiple-split heat pumps (only), the following procedures supersede the above requirements. For all Table 12 tests
specified for a minimum compressor speed, at least one indoor unit must be turned off. The manufacturer shall designate the
particular indoor unit(s) that is turned off. The manufacturer must also specify the compressor speed used for the Table 12
H2V Test, a heating-mode intermediate compressor speed that falls within ¼ and ¾ of the difference between the maximum
and minimum heating-mode speeds. The manufacturer should prescribe an intermediate speed that is expected to yield the
highest COP for the given H2V Test conditions and bracketed compressor speed range. The manufacturer can designate that
one or more specific indoor units are turned off for the H2V Test.
Table 12. Heating Mode Test Conditions for Units
Having a Variable-Speed Compressor
Test Description
Air Entering
Air Entering
Indoor Unit
Outdoor Unit
Compressor
Heating Air
Temperature (°F)
Temperature (°F)
Speed
Volume Rate
Dry Bulb
Wet Bulb
Dry Bulb
Wet Bulb
70
60(max)
62
56.5
Minimum
Heating
Minimum(1)
70
60(max)
62
56.5
Minimum
70
60(max)
47
43
Maximum
Heating
Load(3)
70
60(max)
47
43
Minimum
Heating
Minimum(1)
70
60(max)
47
43
Cooling Mode
Maximum
Heating
Nominal(4)
70
60(max)
35
33
Maximum
Heating
Load(3)
70
60(max)
35
33
Intermediate
Heating
Intermediate(5)
70
60(max)
17
15
Maximum
Heating
Load(3)
H01 Test
(required, steady)
H0C1 Test
(optional, steady)
H12 Test
(required, steady)
H11 Test
(required, steady)
H1N Test
(optional, steady)
H22 Test
(optional)
H2V Test
(required)
H32 Test
(2)
Full-
Full-
Full-
(required, steady)
(1)
Defined in section 3.1.4.5.
(2)
Maintain the airflow nozzle(s) static pressure difference or velocity pressure during an ON period at the
same pressure or velocity as measured during the H01 Test.
(3)
Defined in section 3.1.4.4.
(4)
Defined in section 3.1.4.7.
(5)
Defined in section 3.1.4.6.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
3.6.5 Additional test for a heat pump having a heat comfort controller. Test any heat pump that has a heat comfort controller
(see Definition 1.28) according to section 3.6.1, 3.6.2, or 3.6.3, whichever applies, with the heat comfort controller disabled.
Additionally, conduct the abbreviated test described in section 3.1.9 with the heat comfort controller active to determine the
system's maximum supply air temperature. (Note: heat pumps having a variable speed compressor and a heat comfort
controller are not covered in the test procedure at this time.)
3.7 Test procedures for steady-state Maximum Temperature and High Temperature heating mode tests (the H01, H1, H12,
H11, and H1N Tests). a. For the pretest interval, operate the test room reconditioning apparatus and the heat pump until
equilibrium conditions are maintained for at least 30 minutes at the specified section 3.6 test conditions. Use the exhaust fan
of the airflow measuring apparatus and, if installed, the indoor fan of the heat pump to obtain and then maintain the indoor air
volume rate and/or the external static pressure specified for the particular test. Continuously record the dry-bulb temperature
of the air entering the indoor coil, and the dry-bulb temperature and water vapor content of the air entering the outdoor coil.
Refer to section 3.11 for additional requirements that depend on the selected secondary test method. After satisfying the
pretest equilibrium requirements, make the measurements specified in Table 3 of ASHRAE Standard 37–2005 (incorporated
by reference, see §430.22) for the Indoor Air Enthalpy method and the user-selected secondary method. Except for external
static pressure, make the Table 3 measurements at equal intervals that span 10 minutes or less. Measure external static
pressure every 5 minutes or less. Continue data sampling until a 30-minute period (e.g., four consecutive 10-minute samples)
is reached where the test tolerances specified in Table 13 are satisfied. For those continuously recorded parameters, use the
entire data set for the 30-minute interval when evaluating Table 13 compliance. Determine the average electrical power
consumption of the heat pump over the same 30-minute interval.
b. Calculate indoor-side total heating capacity as specified in sections 7.3.4.1 and 7.3.4.3 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005
(incorporated by reference, see §430.22). Do not adjust the parameters used in calculating capacity for the permitted
variations in test conditions. Assign the average space heating capacity and electrical power over the 30-minute data
•
•
collection interval to the variables Q hk and E hk(T) respectively. The “T” and superscripted “k” are the same as described in
section 3.3. Additionally, for the heating mode, use the superscript to denote results from the optional H1N Test, if conducted.
•
c. For heat pumps tested without an indoor fan installed, increase Q hk(T) by
•
and increase E hk(T) by,
•
where V s is the average measured indoor air volume rate expressed in units of cubic feet per minute of standard air (scfm).
During the 30-minute data collection interval of a High Temperature Test, pay attention to preventing a defrost cycle. Prior to
this time, allow the heat pump to perform a defrost cycle if automatically initiated by its own controls. As in all cases, wait
for the heat pump's defrost controls to automatically terminate the defrost cycle. Heat pumps that undergo a defrost should
operate in the heating mode for at least 10 minutes after defrost termination prior to beginning the 30-minute data collection
interval. For some heat pumps, frost may accumulate on the outdoor coil during a High Temperature test. If the indoor coil
leaving air temperature or the difference between the leaving and entering air temperatures decreases by more than 1.5 °F
over the 30-minute data collection interval, then do not use the collected data to determine capacity. Instead, initiate a defrost
cycle. Begin collecting data no sooner than 10 minutes after defrost termination. Collect 30 minutes of new data during
which the Table 13 test tolerances are satisfied. In this case, use only the results from the second 30-minute data collection
•
•
interval to evaluate Q hk(47) and E hk(47).
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 13. Test Operating and Test Condition Tolerances for Section 3.7
and Section 3.10 Steady-State Heating Mode Tests
Test Operating Tolerance (1)
Test Condition Tolerance (2)
Indoor dry-bulb, °F
Entering temperature .........................................................
2.0
Leaving temperature ..........................................................
2.0
0.5
Indoor wet-bulb, °F
Entering temperature .........................................................
1.0
Leaving temperature ..........................................................
1.0
Outdoor dry-bulb, °F
Entering temperature .........................................................
2.0
Leaving temperature ..........................................................
2.0 (2)
0.5
Outdoor wet-bulb, °F
Entering temperature .........................................................
1.0
Leaving temperature ..........................................................
1.0 (3)
0.3
External resistance to airflow, inches of water .........................
0.05 (4)
0.02 (4)
Electrical voltage, % of rdg. .....................................................
2.0
1.5
Nozzle pressure drop, % of rdg. ................................................
2.0
Notes:
(1)
See Definition 1.41.
(2)
See Definition 1.40.
(3)
Only applies when the Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method is used.
(4)
Only applies when testing non-ducted units.
d. If conducting the optional cyclic heating mode test, which is described in section 3.8, record the average indoor-side air
•
volume rate, V , specific heat of the air, Cp,a (expressed on dry air basis), specific volume of the air at the nozzles, vn' (or vn),
humidity ratio at the nozzles, Wn, and either pressure difference or velocity pressure for the flow nozzles. If either or both of
•
the below criteria apply, determine the average, steady-state, electrical power consumption of the indoor fan motor ( E
fan,1):
1. The section 3.8 cyclic test will be conducted and the heat pump has a variable-speed indoor fan that is expected to be
disabled during the cyclic test; or
2. The heat pump has a (variable-speed) constant-air volume-rate indoor fan and during the steady-state test the average
external static pressure (ΔP1) exceeds the applicable section 3.1.4.4 minimum (or targeted) external static pressure (ΔPmin) by
0.03 inches of water or more.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
•
Determine E fan,1 by making measurements during the 30-minute data collection interval, or immediately following the test
and prior to changing the test conditions. When the above “2” criteria applies, conduct the following four steps after
•
determining E
fan,1
(which corresponds to ΔP1):
i. While maintaining the same test conditions, adjust the exhaust fan of the airflow measuring apparatus until the external
static pressure increases to approximately ΔP1 + (ΔP1 − ΔPmin).
ii. After re-establishing steady readings for fan motor power and external static pressure, determine average values for the
•
indoor fan power ( E
fan,2)
and the external static pressure (ΔP2) by making measurements over a 5-minute interval.
iii. Approximate the average power consumption of the indoor fan motor if the 30-minute test had been conducted at ΔPmin
using linear extrapolation:
•
iv. Decrease the total space heating capacity, Q
•
Decrease the total electrical power, E
k
h
k
h
•
(T), by the quantity ( E
•
fan, 1
− E
fan, min),
when expressed on a Btu/h basis.
(T) by the same fan power difference, now expressed in watts.
3.8 Test procedures for the optional cyclic heating mode tests (the H0C1, H1C, H1C1 and H1C2 Tests). a. Except as noted
below, conduct the cyclic heating mode test as specified in section 3.5. As adapted to the heating mode, replace section 3.5
references to “the steady-state dry coil test” with “the heating mode steady-state test conducted at the same test conditions as
the cyclic heating mode test.” Use the test tolerances in Table 14 rather than Table 8. Record the outdoor coil entering wetbulb temperature according to the requirements given in section 3.5 for the outdoor coil entering dry-bulb temperature. Drop
the subscript “dry” used in variables cited in section 3.5 when referring to quantities from the cyclic heating mode test.
Determine the total space heating delivered during the cyclic heating test, qcyc, as specified in section 3.5 except for making
the following changes:
•
(1) When evaluating Equation 3.5–1, use the values of V , Cp,a,vn', (or vn), and Wn that were recorded during the section 3.7
steady-state test conducted at the same test conditions.
(2) Calculate Γ using,
b. For ducted heat pumps tested without an indoor fan installed (excluding the special case where a variable-speed fan is
temporarily removed), increase qcyc by the amount calculated using Equation 3.5–3. Additionally, increase ecyc by the amount
•
calculated using Equation 3.5–2. In making these calculations, use the average indoor air volume rate ( V s) determined from
the section 3.7 steady-state heating mode test conducted at the same test conditions.
c. For non-ducted heat pumps, subtract the electrical energy used by the indoor fan during the 3 minutes after compressor
cutoff from the non-ducted heat pump's integrated heating capacity, qcyc.
d. If a heat pump defrost cycle is manually or automatically initiated immediately prior to or during the OFF/ON cycling,
operate the heat pump continuously until 10 minutes after defrost termination. After that, begin cycling the heat pump
immediately or delay until the specified test conditions have been re-established. Pay attention to preventing defrosts after
beginning the cycling process. For heat pumps that cycle off the indoor fan during a defrost cycle, make no effort here to
restrict the air movement through the indoor coil while the fan is off. Resume the OFF/ON cycling while conducting a
minimum of two complete compressor OFF/ON cycles before determining qcyc and ecyc.
3.8.1 Heating mode cyclic-degradation coefficient calculation. Use the results from the optional cyclic test and the required
steady-state test that were conducted at the same test conditions to determine the heating-mode cyclic-degradation coefficient
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
C Dh . Add “(k=2)” to the coefficient if it corresponds to a two-capacity unit cycling at high capacity. For the below
calculation of the heating mode cyclic degradation coefficient, do not include the duct loss correction from section 7.3.3.3 of
 k (T ) (or qcyc). If the optional
ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) in determining Q
h
cyc
cyclic test is conducted but yields a tested
C Dh that exceeds the default C Dh or if the optional test is not conducted, assign
C Dh the default value of 0.25. The default value for two-capacity units cycling at high capacity, however, is the low-capacity
h
h
h
coefficient, i.e., C D ( k = 2) = C D . The tested C D is calculated as follows:
1−
C Dh =
COPcyc
COPss (Tcyc )
1 − HLF
where,
the average coefficient of performance during the cyclic heating mode test, dimensionless.
the average coefficient of performance during the steady-state heating mode test conducted at the same test conditions—i.e.,
same outdoor dry bulb temperature, Tcyc, and speed/capacity, k, if applicable—as specified for the cyclic heating mode test,
dimensionless.
the heating load factor, dimensionless.
Tcyc = the nominal outdoor temperature at which the cyclic heating mode test is conducted, 62 or 47 °F.
Δτcyc = the duration of the OFF/ON intervals; 0.5 hours when testing a heat pump having a single-speed or two-capacity
compressor and 1.0 hour when testing a heat pump having a variable-speed compressor.
Round the calculated value for CDh to the nearest 0.01. If CDh is negative, then set it equal to zero.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 14. Test operating and test condition tolerances for cyclic heating mode tests
Test Operating Tolerance (1)
Test Condition Tolerance (2)
Indoor entering dry-bulb temperature (3), °F ..............................
2.0
Indoor entering wet-bulb temperature (3), °F ..............................
1.0
Outdoor entering dry-bulb temperature (3), °F ............................
2.0
0.5
Outdoor entering wet-bulb temperature (3), °F ...........................
2.0
1.0
External resistance to airflow (3), inches of water ......................
0.05
0.5
Airflow nozzle pressure difference or velocity pressure (3),
% of reading ..........................................................................
2.0
2.0 (4)
2.0
1.5
(5)
Electrical voltage , % of rdg. ..................................................
Notes:
(1)
See Definition 1.41.
(2)
See Definition 1.40.
(3)
Applies during the interval that air flows through the indoor (outdoor) coil except for the first 30 seconds after flow initiation. For units
having a variable-speed indoor fan that ramps, the tolerances listed for the external resistance to airflow shall apply from 30 seconds after
achieving full speed until ramp down begins.
(4)
The test condition shall be the average nozzle pressure difference or velocity pressure measured during the steady-state test conducted at
the same test conditions.
(5)
Applies during the interval that at least one of the following—the compressor, the outdoor fan, or, if applicable, the indoor fan—are
operating, except for the first 30 seconds after compressor start-up.
3.9 Test procedures for Frost Accumulation heating mode tests (the H2, H22, H2V, and H21 Tests). a. Confirm that the
defrost controls of the heat pump are set as specified in section 2.2.1. Operate the test room reconditioning apparatus and the
heat pump for at least 30 minutes at the specified section 3.6 test conditions before starting the “preliminary” test period. The
preliminary test period must immediately precede the “official” test period, which is the heating and defrost interval over
which data are collected for evaluating average space heating capacity and average electrical power consumption.
b. For heat pumps containing defrost controls which are likely to cause defrosts at intervals less than one hour, the
preliminary test period starts at the termination of an automatic defrost cycle and ends at the termination of the next occurring
automatic defrost cycle. For heat pumps containing defrost controls which are likely to cause defrosts at intervals exceeding
one hour, the preliminary test period must consist of a heating interval lasting at least one hour followed by a defrost cycle
that is either manually or automatically initiated. In all cases, the heat pump's own controls must govern when a defrost cycle
terminates.
c. The official test period begins when the preliminary test period ends, at defrost termination. The official test period ends
at the termination of the next occurring automatic defrost cycle. When testing a heat pump that uses a time-adaptive defrost
control system (see Definition 1.42), however, manually initiate the defrost cycle that ends the official test period at the
instant indicated by instructions provided by the manufacturer. If the heat pump has not undergone a defrost after 6 hours,
immediately conclude the test and use the results from the full 6-hour period to calculate the average space heating capacity
and average electrical power consumption. For heat pumps that turn the indoor fan off during the defrost cycle, take steps to
cease forced airflow through the indoor coil and block the outlet duct whenever the heat pump's controls cycle off the indoor
fan. If it is installed, use the outlet damper box described in section 2.5.4.1 to affect the blocked outlet duct.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
d. Defrost termination occurs when the controls of the heat pump actuate the first change in converting from defrost operation
to normal heating operation. Defrost initiation occurs when the controls of the heat pump first alter its normal heating
operation in order to eliminate possible accumulations of frost on the outdoor coil.
e. To constitute a valid Frost Accumulation test, satisfy the test tolerances specified in Table 15 during both the preliminary
and official test periods. As noted in Table 15, test operating tolerances are specified for two sub-intervals: (1) When heating,
except for the first 10 minutes after the termination of a defrost cycle (Sub-interval H, as described in Table 15) and (2) when
defrosting, plus these same first 10 minutes after defrost termination (Sub-interval D, as described in Table 15). Evaluate
compliance with Table 15 test condition tolerances and the majority of the test operating tolerances using the averages from
measurements recorded only during Sub-interval H. Continuously record the dry bulb temperature of the air entering the
indoor coil, and the dry bulb temperature and water vapor content of the air entering the outdoor coil. Sample the remaining
parameters listed in Table 15 at equal intervals that span 10 minutes or less.
f. For the official test period, collect and use the following data to calculate average space heating capacity and electrical
power. During heating and defrosting intervals when the controls of the heat pump have the indoor fan on, continuously
record the dry-bulb temperature of the air entering (as noted above) and leaving the indoor coil. If using a thermopile,
continuously record the difference between the leaving and entering dry-bulb temperatures during the interval(s) that air
flows through the indoor coil. For heat pumps tested without an indoor fan installed, determine the corresponding cumulative
time (in hours) of indoor coil airflow, Δτa. Sample measurements used in calculating the air volume rate (refer to sections
7.7.2.1 and 7.7.2.2 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22)) at equal intervals that span 10
minutes or less. (Note: In the first printing of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005, the second IP equation for Qmi should read:
1097CAn PVν n′ .). Record the electrical energy consumed, expressed in watt-hours, from defrost termination to defrost
termination, eDEFk(35), as well as the corresponding elapsed time in hours, ΔτFR.
3.9.1 Average space heating capacity and electrical power calculations. a. Evaluate average space heating capacity,
•
Q
k
h
(35), when expressed in units of Btu per hour, using:
where,
•
V = the average indoor air volume rate measured during Sub-interval H, cfm.
Cp, a = 0.24 + 0.444 · Wn, the constant pressure specific heat of the air-water vapor mixture that flows through the indoor coil
and is expressed on a dry air basis, Btu / lbmda · °F.
vn' = specific volume of the air-water vapor mixture at the nozzle, ft 3 / lbmmx.
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ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 15. Test Operating and Test Condition Tolerances for
Frost Accumulation Heating Mode Tests
Test Operating Tolerance (1)
Sub-interval H(3)
Sub-interval D(4)
4.0 (5)
Test
condition
(2)
tolerance
(3)
Sub-interval H
Indoor entering dry-bulb temperature, °F................................
2.0
Indoor entering wet-bulb temperature, °F ...............................
1.0
Outdoor entering dry-bulb temperature, °F .............................
2.0
Outdoor entering wet-bulb temperature, °F ............................
1.5
........................
0.5
External resistance to airflow, inches of water ........................
0.05
........................
0.02 (6)
Electrical voltage, % of rdg .....................................................
2.0
........................
1.5
........................
10.0
0.5
........................
1.0
Notes:
(1)
See Definition 1.41.
(2)
See Definition 1.40.
(3)
Applies when the heat pump is in the heating mode, except for the first 10 minutes after termination of a defrost cycle.
(4)
Applies during a defrost cycle and during the first 10 minutes after the termination of a defrost cycle when the heat
pump is operating in the heating mode.
(5)
For heat pumps that turn off the indoor fan during the defrost cycle, the noted tolerance only applies during the 10
minute interval that follows defrost termination.
(6)
Only applies when testing non-ducted heat pumps.
Wn = humidity ratio of the air-water vapor mixture at the nozzle, lbm of water vapor per lbm of dry air.
ΔτFR = τ2 − τ1, the elapsed time from defrost termination to defrost termination, hr.
Tal(τ) = dry bulb temperature of the air entering the indoor coil at elapsed time τ, °F; only recorded when indoor coil airflow
occurs; assigned the value of zero during periods (if any) where the indoor fan cycles off.
Ta2(τ) = dry bulb temperature of the air leaving the indoor coil at elapsed time τ, °F; only recorded when indoor coil airflow
occurs; assigned the value of zero during periods (if any) where the indoor fan cycles off.
τ1 = the elapsed time when the defrost termination occurs that begins the official test period, hr.
τ2 = the elapsed time when the next automatically occurring defrost termination occurs, thus ending the official test period,
hr.
vn = specific volume of the dry air portion of the mixture evaluated at the dry-bulb temperature, vapor content, and
barometric pressure existing at the nozzle, ft 3 per lbm of dry air.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
To account for the effect of duct losses between the outlet of the indoor unit and the section 2.5.4 dry-bulb temperature grid,
 k (35) in accordance with section 7.3.4.3 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22).
adjust Q
h
•
b. Evaluate average electrical power, E
k
h
(35), when expressed in units of watts, using:
•
For heat pumps tested without an indoor fan installed, increase Q
•
and increase E
k
h
(35) by,
k
h
(35) by,
•
where V s is the average indoor air volume rate measured during the Frost Accumulation heating mode test and is expressed
in units of cubic feet per minute of standard air (scfm).
c. For heat pumps having a constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan, the five additional steps listed below are required if the
average of the external static pressures measured during sub-Interval H exceeds the applicable section 3.1.4.4, 3.1.4.5, or
3.1.4.6 minimum (or targeted) external static pressure (ΔPmin) by 0.03 inches of water or more:
•
1. Measure the average power consumption of the indoor fan motor ( E fan,1) and record the corresponding external static
pressure (ΔP1) during or immediately following the Frost Accumulation heating mode test. Make the measurement at a time
when the heat pump is heating, except for the first 10 minutes after the termination of a defrost cycle.
2. After the Frost Accumulation heating mode test is completed and while maintaining the same test conditions, adjust the
exhaust fan of the airflow measuring apparatus until the external static pressure increases to approximately ΔP1 + (ΔP1 −
ΔPmin).
3. After re-establishing steady readings for the fan motor power and external static pressure, determine average values for the
•
indoor fan power ( E
fan,2)
and the external static pressure (ΔP2) by making measurements over a 5-minute interval.
4. Approximate the average power consumption of the indoor fan motor had the Frost Accumulation heating mode test been
conducted at ΔPmin using linear extrapolation:
•
5. Decrease the total heating capacity, Q
k
h
•
(35), by the quantity [( E
•
•
fan, 1
− E
fan, min)
· (Δτ a/Δτ
FR],
when expressed on a
k
Btu/h basis. Decrease the total electrical power, E h (35), by the same quantity, now expressed in watts.
3.9.2 Demand defrost credit. a. Assign the demand defrost credit, Fdef, that is used in section 4.2 to the value of 1 in all cases
except for heat pumps having a demand-defrost control system (Definition 1.21). For such qualifying heat pumps, evaluate
Fdef using,
87
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
where,
Δτdef = the time between defrost terminations (in hours) or 1.5, whichever is greater.
Δτmax = maximum time between defrosts as allowed by the controls (in hours) or 12, whichever is less.
b. For two-capacity heat pumps and for section 3.6.2 units, evaluate the above equation using the Δτdef that applies based on
the Frost Accumulation Test conducted at high capacity and/or at the Heating Full-load Air Volume Rate. For variable-speed
heat pumps, evaluate Δτdef based on the required Frost Accumulation Test conducted at the intermediate compressor speed.
3.10 Test procedures for steady-state Low Temperature heating mode tests (the H3, H32, and H31 Tests). Except for the
modifications noted in this section, conduct the Low Temperature heating mode test using the same approach as specified in
section 3.7 for the Maximum and High Temperature tests. After satisfying the section 3.7 requirements for the pretest interval
•
•
but before beginning to collect data to determine Q hk (17) and E hk (17), conduct a defrost cycle. This defrost cycle may be
manually or automatically initiated. The defrost sequence must be terminated by the action of the heat pump's defrost
•
•
controls. Begin the 30-minute data collection interval described in section 3.7, from which Q hk (17) and E hk (17) are
determined, no sooner than 10 minutes after defrost termination. Defrosts should be prevented over the 30-minute data
collection interval.
3.11
Additional requirements for the secondary test methods.
3.11.1 If using the Outdoor Air Enthalpy Method as the secondary test method. During the “official” test, the outdoor airside test apparatus described in section 2.10.1 is connected to the outdoor unit. To help compensate for any effect that the
addition of this test apparatus may have on the unit's performance, conduct a “preliminary” test where the outdoor air-side
test apparatus is disconnected. Conduct a preliminary test prior to the first section 3.2 steady-state cooling mode test and prior
to the first section 3.6 steady-state heating mode test. No other preliminary tests are required so long as the unit operates the
outdoor fan during all cooling mode steady-state tests at the same speed and all heating mode steady-state tests at the same
speed. If using more than one outdoor fan speed for the cooling mode steady-state tests, however, conduct a preliminary test
prior to each cooling mode test where a different fan speed is first used. This same requirement applies for the heating mode
tests.
3.11.1.1 If a preliminary test precedes the official test. a. The test conditions for the preliminary test are the same as specified
for the official test. Connect the indoor air-side test apparatus to the indoor coil; disconnect the outdoor air-side test
apparatus. Allow the test room reconditioning apparatus and the unit being tested to operate for at least one hour. After
attaining equilibrium conditions, measure the following quantities at equal intervals that span 10 minutes or less:
1. The section 2.10.1 evaporator and condenser temperatures or pressures;
2. Parameters required according to the Indoor Air Enthalpy Method.
Continue these measurements until a 30-minute period (e.g., four consecutive 10-minute samples) is obtained where the
Table 7 or Table 13, whichever applies, test tolerances are satisfied.
b. After collecting 30 minutes of steady-state data, reconnect the outdoor air-side test apparatus to the unit. Adjust the exhaust
fan of the outdoor airflow measuring apparatus until averages for the evaporator and condenser temperatures, or the saturated
temperatures corresponding to the measured pressures, agree within ±0.5 °F of the averages achieved when the outdoor airside test apparatus was disconnected. Calculate the averages for the reconnected case using five or more consecutive readings
taken at one minute intervals. Make these consecutive readings after re-establishing equilibrium conditions and before
initiating the official test.
3.11.1.2 If a preliminary test does not precede the official test. Connect the outdoor-side test apparatus to the unit. Adjust the
exhaust fan of the outdoor airflow measuring apparatus to achieve the same external static pressure as measured during the
prior preliminary test conducted with the unit operating in the same cooling or heating mode at the same outdoor fan speed.
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ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
3.11.1.3 Official test. a. Continue (preliminary test was conducted) or begin (no preliminary test) the official test by making
measurements for both the Indoor and Outdoor Air Enthalpy Methods at equal intervals that span 10 minutes or less.
Discontinue these measurement only after obtaining a 30-minute period where the specified test condition and test operating
tolerances are satisfied. To constitute a valid official test:
(1) Achieve the energy balance specified in section 3.1.1; and,
(2) For cases where a preliminary test is conducted, the capacities determined using the Indoor Air Enthalpy Method from the
official and preliminary test periods must agree within 2.0 percent.
b. For space cooling tests, calculate capacity from the outdoor air-enthalpy measurements as specified in sections 7.3.3.2 and
7.3.3.3 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22). Calculate heating capacity based on outdoor
air-enthalpy measurements as specified in sections 7.3.4.2 and 7.3.3.4.3 of the same ASHRAE Standard. Adjust the outdoorside capacity according to section 7.3.3.4 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22) to account
for line losses when testing split systems. Use the outdoor unit fan power as measured during the official test and not the
value measured during the preliminary test, as described in section 8.6.2 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by
reference, see §430.22), when calculating the capacity.
3.11.2
If using the Compressor Calibration Method as the secondary test method.
a. Conduct separate calibration tests using a calorimeter to determine the refrigerant flow rate. Or for cases where the
superheat of the refrigerant leaving the evaporator is less than 5 °F, use the calorimeter to measure total capacity rather than
refrigerant flow rate. Conduct these calibration tests at the same test conditions as specified for the tests in this Appendix.
Operate the unit for at least one hour or until obtaining equilibrium conditions before collecting data that will be used in
determining the average refrigerant flow rate or total capacity. Sample the data at equal intervals that span 10 minutes or less.
Determine average flow rate or average capacity from data sampled over a 30-minute period where the Table 7 (cooling) or
the Table 13 (heating) tolerances are satisfied. Otherwise, conduct the calibration tests according to ASHRAE Standard 23-05
(incorporated by reference, see §430.22), ASHRAE Standard 41.9-2000 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22), and section
7.4 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22).
b. Calculate space cooling and space heating capacities using the compressor calibration method measurements as specified
in section 7.4.5 and 7.4.6 respectively, of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22).
3.11.3 If using the Refrigerant-Enthalpy Method as the secondary test method. Conduct this secondary method according
to section 7.5 of ASHRAE Standard 37-2005 (incorporated by reference, see §430.22). Calculate space cooling and heating
capacities using the refrigerant-enthalpy method measurements as specified in sections 7.5.4 and 7.5.5, respectively, of the
same ASHRAE Standard.
3.12 Rounding of space conditioning capacities for reporting purposes.
a. When reporting rated capacities, round them off as follows:
1. For capacities less than 20,000 Btu/h, round to the nearest 100 Btu/h.
2. For capacities between 20,000 and 37,999 Btu/h, round to the nearest 200 Btu/h.
3. For capacities between 38,000 and 64,999 Btu/h, round to the nearest 500 Btu/h.
b. For the capacities used to perform the section 4 calculations, however, round only to the nearest integer.
89
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
4.
CALCULATIONS OF SEASONAL PERFORMANCE DESCRIPTORS
4.1 Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) Calculations. SEER must be calculated as follows: For equipment covered
under sections 4.1.2, 4.1.3, and 4.1.4, evaluate the seasonal energy efficiency ratio,
where,
the ratio of the total space cooling provided during periods of the space cooling season when the outdoor temperature fell
within the range represented by bin temperature Tj to the total number of hours in the cooling season (N), Btu/h.
the electrical energy consumed by the test unit during periods of the space cooling season when the outdoor temperature fell
within the range represented by bin temperature Tj to the total number of hours in the cooling season (N), W.
Tj = the outdoor bin temperature, °F. Outdoor temperatures are grouped or “binned.” Use bins of 5 °F with the 8 cooling
season bin temperatures being 67, 72, 77, 82, 87, 92, 97, and 102 °F.
j = the bin number. For cooling season calculations, j ranges from 1 to 8.
Additionally, for sections 4.1.2, 4.1.3, and 4.1.4, use a building cooling load, BL (Tj). When referenced, evaluate BL(Tj) for
cooling using,
where,
•
Q
k=2
c
(95) = the space cooling capacity determined from the A2 Test and calculated as specified in section 3.3, Btu/h.
1.1 = sizing factor, dimensionless.
The temperatures 95 °F and 65 °F in the building load equation represent the selected outdoor design temperature and the
zero-load base temperature, respectively.
4.1.1 SEER calculations for an air conditioner or heat pump having a single-speed compressor that was tested with a fixedspeed indoor fan installed, a constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan installed, or with no indoor fan installed. a. Evaluate the
seasonal energy efficiency ratio, expressed in units of Btu/watt-hour, using:
SEER = PLF(0.5) · EERB
90
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
where,
the energy efficiency ratio determined from the B Test described in sections 3.2.1, 3.1.4.1, and 3.3, Btu/h per watt.
PLF (0.5) = 1 − 0.5 · CDc, the part-load performance factor evaluated at a cooling load factor of 0.5, dimensionless.
•
•
b. Refer to section 3.3 regarding the definition and calculation of Q c (82) and E c (82). If the optional tests described in
section 3.2.1 are not conducted, set the cooling mode cyclic degradation coefficient, CDc, to the default value specified in
section 3.5.3. If these optional tests are conducted, set CDc to the lower of:
1. The value calculated as per section 3.5.3; or
2. The section 3.5.3 default value of 0.25.
4.1.2 SEER calculations for an air conditioner or heat pump having a single-speed compressor and a variable-speed
variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan.
4.1.2.1 Units covered by section 3.2.2.1 where indoor fan capacity modulation correlates with the outdoor dry bulb
temperature. The manufacturer must provide information on how the indoor air volume rate or the indoor fan speed varies
over the outdoor temperature range of 67 °F to 102 °F. Calculate SEER using Equation 4.1–1. Evaluate the quantity qc(Tj)/N
in Equation 4.1–1 using,
where,
whichever is less; the cooling mode load factor for temperature bin j, dimensionless.
•
Q c (Tj) = the space cooling capacity of the test unit when operating at outdoor temperature, Tj, Btu/h.
nj/N = fractional bin hours for the cooling season; the ratio of the number of hours during the cooling season when the
outdoor temperature fell within the range represented by bin temperature Tj to the total number of hours in the cooling
season, dimensionless.
a. For the space cooling season, assign nj/N as specified in Table 16. Use Equation 4.1–2 to calculate the building load, BL
•
(Tj). Evaluate Q c(Tj) using,
where,
91
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
the space cooling capacity of the test unit at outdoor temperature Tj if operated at the Cooling Minimum Air Volume Rate,
Btu/h.
the space cooling capacity of the test unit at outdoor temperature Tj if operated at the Cooling Full-load Air Volume Rate,
Btu/h.
b. For units where indoor fan speed is the primary control variable, FPck=1 denotes the fan speed used during the required A1
and B1 Tests (see section 3.2.2.1), FPck=2 denotes the fan speed used during the required A2 and B2 Tests, and FPc(Tj) denotes
the fan speed used by the unit when the outdoor temperature equals Tj. For units where indoor air volume rate is the primary
control variable, the three FPc's are similarly defined only now being expressed in terms of air volume rates rather than fan
•
speeds. Refer to sections 3.2.2.1, 3.1.4 to 3.1.4.2, and 3.3 regarding the definitions and calculations of Q
•
Q
k=2
c
•
(82), and Q
k=2
c
k=1
c
•
(82), Q
k=1
c
(95),
(95).
Calculate ec(Tj)/N in Equation 4.1–1 using,
where,
PLFj = 1 − CDc · [1 − X (Tj)], the part load factor, dimensionless.
•
E
c
(Tj) = the electrical power consumption of the test unit when operating at outdoor temperature Tj, W.
c. The quantities X (Tj) and nj /N are the same quantities as used in Equation 4.1.2–1. If the optional tests described in section
3.2.2.1 and Table 4 are not conducted, set the cooling mode cyclic degradation coefficient, CDc, to the default value specified
in section 3.5.3. If these optional tests are conducted, set CDc to the lower of:
1. The value calculated as per section 3.5.3; or
2. The section 3.5.3 default value of 0.25.
•
d. Evaluate E c(Tj) using,
where
the electrical power consumption of the test unit at outdoor temperature Tj if operated at the Cooling Minimum Air Volume
Rate, W.
92
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
the electrical power consumption of the test unit at outdoor temperature Tj if operated at the Cooling Full-load Air Volume
Rate, W.
e. The parameters FPck=1, and FPck=2, and FPc (Tj) are the same quantities that are used when evaluating Equation 4.1.2–2.
•
Refer to sections 3.2.2.1, 3.1.4 to 3.1.4.2, and 3.3 regarding the definitions and calculations of E
•
E
k=2
c
•
(82), and E
k=1
c
•
(82), E
k=1
c
(95),
k=2
c
(95).
4.1.2.2 Units covered by section 3.2.2.2 where indoor fan capacity modulation is used to adjust the sensible to total cooling
capacity ratio. Calculate SEER as specified in section 4.1.1.
4.1.3
SEER calculations for an air conditioner or heat pump having a two-capacity compressor. Calculate SEER using
 k =1 (T ) , and electrical power consumption, E k =1 (T ) , of the test
Equation 4.1-1. Evaluate the space cooling capacity, Q
c
j
c
j
unit when operating at low compressor capacity and outdoor temperature Tj using,
Q k =1 (82) − Q ck =1 (67 )
Q ck =1 (T j ) = Q ck =1 (67 ) + c
⋅ (T j − 67 )
82 − 67
(4.1.3-1)
E k =1 (82) − E ck =1 (67 )
E ck =1 (T j ) = E ck =1 (67 ) + c
⋅ (T j − 67 )
82 − 67
(4.1.3-2)
 k =1 (82) and E k =1 (82) are determined from the B1 Test, Q k =1 (67 ) and E k =1 (67 ) are determined from the F1
where Q
c
c
c
c
 k = 2 (T ) , and
Test, and all four quantities are calculated as specified in section 3.3. Evaluate the space cooling capacity, Q
c
j
electrical power consumption, E ck = 2 (T j ) , of the test unit when operating at high compressor capacity and outdoor
temperature Tj using,
Q k =2 (95) − Q ck =2 (82)
Q ck =2 (T j ) = Q ck =2 (82) + c
⋅ (T j − 82 )
95 − 82
•
•
(4.1.3-3)
•
where Q ck=2(95) and E ck=2(95) are determined from the A2 Test, Q
Test, and all are calculated as specified in section 3.3.
k=2
c
•
(82), and E
k=2
c
(82), are determined from the B2
The calculation of Equation 4.1–1 quantities qc (Tj)/N and ec (Tj)/N differs depending on whether the test unit would operate
at low capacity (section 4.1.3.1), cycle between low and high capacity (section 4.1.3.2), or operate at high capacity (sections
4.1.3.3 and 4.1.3.4) in responding to the building load. For units that lock out low capacity operation at higher outdoor
temperatures, the manufacturer must supply information regarding this temperature so that the appropriate equations are used.
Use Equation 4.1–2 to calculate the building load, BL (Tj), for each temperature bin.
4.1.3.1 Steady-state space cooling capacity at low compressor capacity is greater than or equal to the building cooling load at
•
temperature Tj, Q
k=1
c
(Tj) ≥ BL(Tj).
93
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
where,
•
Xk=1(Tj) = BL (Tj)/ Q
k=1
c
(Tj), the cooling mode low capacity load factor for temperature bin j, dimensionless.
PLFj = 1 − CDc · [1 − Xk=1(Tj)], the part load factor, dimensionless.
fractional bin hours for the cooling season; the ratio of the number of hours during the cooling season when the outdoor
temperature fell within the range represented by bin temperature Tj to the total number of hours in the cooling season,
dimensionless.
Obtain the fractional bin hours for the cooling season, nj/N, from Table 16. Use Equations 4.1.3–1 and 4.1.3–2, respectively,
•
•
to evaluate Q ck=1(Tj) and E ck=1(Tj). If the optional tests described in section 3.2.3 and Table 5 are not conducted, set the
cooling mode cyclic degradation coefficient, CDc, to the default value specified in section 3.5.3. If these optional tests are
conducted, set CDc to the lower of:
a. The value calculated according to section 3.5.3; or
b. The section 3.5.3 default value of 0.25.
4.1.3.2 Unit alternates between high (k=2) and low (k=1) compressor capacity to satisfy the building cooling load at
•
temperature Tj, Q
k=1
c
•
(Tj) < BL (Tj) < Q
k=2
c
(Tj).
where,
the cooling mode, low capacity load factor for temperature bin j, dimensionless.
Xk=2(Tj) = 1 − Xk=1(Tj), the cooling mode, high capacity load factor for temperature bin j, dimensionless.
Obtain the fractional bin hours for the cooling season, nj/N, from Table 16. Use Equations 4.1.3–1 and 4.1.3–2, respectively,
•
to evaluate Q
94
k=1
c
•
(Tj) and E
•
k=1
c
(Tj). Use Equations 4.1.3–3 and 4.1.3–4, respectively, to evaluate Q
k=2
c
•
(Tj) and E
k=2
c
(Tj).
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
4.1.3.3 Unit only operates at high (k=2) compressor capacity at temperature Tj and its capacity is greater than the building
•
cooling load, BL (Tj) < Q
outdoor temperatures.
k=2
c
(Tj). This section applies to units that lock out low compressor capacity operation at higher
Table 16. Distribution of Fractional Hours Within Cooling Season Temperature Bins
Bin
Temperature
Range °F
Bin Number, j
Representative
Temperature for
bin °F
Fraction of Total
Temperature Bin Hours,
Nj/N
1 ...............................................................................
65-69
67
0.214
2 ...............................................................................
70-74
72
0.231
3 ...............................................................................
75-79
77
0.216
4 ...............................................................................
80-84
82
0.161
5 ...............................................................................
85-89
87
0.104
6 ...............................................................................
90-94
92
0.052
7 ...............................................................................
95-99
97
0.018
8 ...............................................................................
100-104
102
0.004
where,
•
Xk=2(Tj) = BL (Tj)/ Q
k=2
c
(Tj), the cooling mode high capacity load factor for temperature bin j, dimensionless.
PLF j = 1 − C Dc (k = 2) ⋅ [1 − X k = 2 (T j )] , the part load factor, dimensionless.
Obtain the fraction bin hours for the cooling season,
nj
N
, from Table 16. Use Equations 4.1.3-3 and 4.1.3-4, respectively, to
 k = 2 (T ) and E k = 2 (T ) . If the optional C2 and D2 Tests described in section 3.2.3 and Table 5 are not
evaluate Q
c
j
c
j
conducted, set
C Dc (k=2) equal to the default value specified in section 3.5.3. If these optional tests are conducted, set
C Dc (k = 2) to the lower of:
a. the
C Dc (k = 2) value calculated as per section 3.5.3; or
b. the section 3.5.3 default value for
C Dc (k = 2) .
95
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
•
4.1.3.4 Unit must operate continuously at high (k=2) compressor capacity at temperature Tj, BL (Tj) ≥ Q
k=2
c
(Tj).
Obtain the fractional bin hours for the cooling season, nj/N, from Table 16. Use Equations 4.1.3–3 and 4.1.3–4, respectively,
•
to evaluate Q
k=2
c
•
(Tj) and E
k=2
c
(Tj).
4.1.4
SEER calculations for an air conditioner or heat pump having a variable-speed compressor. Calculate SEER using
 k =1 (T ) , and electrical power consumption, E k =1 (T ) , of the test
Equation 4.1-1. Evaluate the space cooling capacity, Q
c
j
c
j
unit when operating at minimum compressor speed and outdoor temperature Tj. Use Equations 4.1.3-1 and 4.1.3-2,
 k =1 (82) and E k =1 (82) are determined from the B1 Test, Q k =1 (67 ) and E k =1 (67 ) are
respectively, where Q
c
c
c
c
determined from the F1 Test, and all four quantities are calculated as specified in section 3.3. Evaluate the space cooling
 k =2 (T ) , and electrical power consumption,
capacity, Q
c
j
E ck = 2 (T j ) , of the test unit when operating at maximum compressor speed and outdoor temperature Tj. Use Equations 4.1.3 k = 2 (95) and E k = 2 (95) are determined from the A2 Test, Q k = 2 (82) and E k = 2 (82)
3 and 4.1.3-4, respectively, where Q
c
c
c
c
are determined from the B2 Test, and all four quantities are calculated as specified in section 3.3. Calculate the space cooling
 k =v (T ) , and electrical power consumption, E k =v (T ) , of the test unit when operating at outdoor temperature
capacity, Q
c
j
c
j
Tj and the intermediate compressor speed used during the section 3.2.4 (and Table 6) EV Test using,
Q ck =v (T j ) = Q ck =v (87 ) + M Q ⋅ (T j − 87 )
(4.1.4-1)
E ck =v (T j ) = E ck =v (87 ) + M E ⋅ (T j − 87 )
(4.1.4-2)
 k =v (87 ) and E k =v (87 ) are determined from the EV Test and calculated as specified in section 3.3. Approximate
where Q
c
c
the slopes of the k = v intermediate speed cooling capacity and electrical power input curves, MQ and ME, as follows:
where,
E ck =v (87 ) − E ck =1 (87 )
Q k =v (87) − Q ck =1 (87)
,
and
. Use Equations 4.1.3-1 and 4.1.3-2 for Tj = 87°F to
N Q =  ck = 2
=
N
E
Qc (87) − Q ck =1 (87)
E ck =2 (87 ) − E ck =1 (87 )
 k =1 (87 ) and E k =1 (87 ) , respectively. Use Equations 4.1.3-3 and 4.1.3-4 for Tj = 87°F to determine
determine Q
c
c
Q ck =2 (87 ) and E ck =2 (87 ) , respectively.
Calculating Equation 4.1-1 quantities
96
q c (Tj )
N
and
e c (Tj )
N
differs depending upon whether the test unit would operate at
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
minimum speed (section 4.1.4.1), operate at an intermediate speed (section 4.1.4.2), or operate at maximum speed (section
4.1.4.3) in responding to the building load. Use Equation 4.1-2 to calculate the building load, BL(Tj), for each temperature
bin.
4.1.4.1 Steady-state space cooling capacity when operating at minimum compressor speed is greater than or equal to the
•
building cooling load at temperature Tj, Q
k=1
c
(Tj) ≥ BL(Tj).
where,
•
Xk=1(Tj) = BL (Tj) / Q
k=1
(Tj),
c
the cooling mode minimum speed load factor for temperature bin j, dimensionless.
PLFj = 1 − CDc · [1 − Xk=1(Tj)], the part load factor, dimensionless.
nj/N = fractional bin hours for the cooling season; the ratio of the number of hours during the cooling season when the outdoor temperature
fell within the range represented by bin temperature Tj to the total number of hours in the cooling season, dimensionless.
Obtain the fractional bin hours for the cooling season, nj/N, from Table 16. Use Equations 4.1.3-1 and 4.1.3-2, respectively, to evaluate
Q ck =1 (T j ) and E ck =1 (T j ) .
If the optional tests described in section 3.2.4 and Table 6. If the optional tests described in section 3.2.4 and
Table 6 are not conducted, set the cooling mode cyclic degradation coefficient, CDc, to the default value specified in section 3.5.3. If these
optional tests are conducted, set CDc to the lower of:
a. The value calculated according to section 3.5.3; or
b. The section 3.5.3 default value of 0.25.
•
4.1.4.2 Unit operates at an intermediate compressor speed (k=i) in order to match the building cooling load at temperature Tj, Q
•
BL (Tj) < Q
k=1
(Tj)
c
<
k=2
(Tj).
c
where,
•
Q
k=i
c
(Tj) = BL (Tj), the space cooling capacity delivered by the unit in matching the building load at temperature Tj, Btu/h. The matching
occurs with the unit operating at compressor speed k = i.
the electrical power input required by the test unit when operating at a compressor speed of k = i and temperature Tj, W.
EERk=i (Tj) = the steady-state energy efficiency ratio of the test unit when operating at a compressor speed of k = i and
temperature Tj, Btu/h per W.
Obtain the fractional bin hours for the cooling season, nj/N, from Table 16. For each temperature bin where the unit operates
at an intermediate compressor speed, determine the energy efficiency ratio EERk=i(Tj) using,
97
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
EERk=i (Tj) = A + B · Tj + C · Tj 2 .
For each unit, determine the coefficients A, B, and C by conducting the following calculations once:
A = EER k =2 (T2 ) − B ⋅ T2 − C ⋅ T22
where,
T1 = the outdoor temperature at which the unit, when operating at minimum compressor speed, provides a space cooling
 k =1 (T ) = BL(T ) ),°F. Determine T1 by equating Equations 4.1.3-1 and 4.1-2
capacity that is equal to the building load ( Q
c
1
1
and solving for outdoor temperature.
Tv = the outdoor temperature at which the unit, when operating at the intermediate compressor speed used during the section
 k =v (T ) = BL(T ) ),°F. Determine Tv
3.2.4 EV Test, provides a space cooling capacity that is equal to the building load ( Q
c
v
v
by equating Equations 4.1.4-1 and 4.1-2 and solving for outdoor temperature.
EER k =1 (T1 ) =
Q ck =1 (T1 )
E k =1 (T )
c
EER
k =v
1
Q ck =v (Tv )
(Tv ) = k =v
E (T )
c
v
[Eqn. 4.1.3 -1, substituting T for T ] , Btu/h per W.
[Eqn. 4.1.3 - 2, substituting T for T ]
1
j
1
j
[Eqn. 4.1.4 -1, substituting T
[Eqn. 4.1.4 - 2, substituting T
] , Btu/h per W.
for T ]
v
for T j
v
j
For multiple-split air conditioners and heat pumps (only), the following procedures supersede the above requirements for
calculating EER k =i (T j ) . For each temperature bin where T1 < Tj < Tv,
EER k =i (T j ) = EER k =1 (T1 ) +
EER k =v (Tv ) − EER k =1 (T1 )
⋅ (T j − T1 ).
Tv − T1
•
4.1.4.3 Unit must operate continuously at maximum (k=2) compressor speed at temperature Tj, BL (Tj) ≥ Q
Evaluate the Equation 4.1–1 quantities
•
k=2
c
(Tj).
•
as specified in section 4.1.3.4 with the understanding that Q ck=2(Tj) and E ck=2(Tj) correspond to maximum compressor
speed operation and are derived from the results of the tests specified in section 3.2.4.
4.2 Heating Seasonal Performance Factor (HSPF) Calculations. Unless an approved alternative rating method is used, as
set forth in 10 CFR 430.24(m), Subpart B, HSPF must be calculated as follows: Six generalized climatic regions are depicted
in Figure 2 and otherwise defined in Table 17. For each of these regions and for each applicable standardized design heating
requirement, evaluate the heating seasonal performance factor using,
98
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
where,
eh(Tj)/N=
The ratio of the electrical energy consumed by the heat pump during periods of the space heating season when the outdoor
temperature fell within the range represented by bin temperature Tj to the total number of hours in the heating season (N), W.
For heat pumps having a heat comfort controller, this ratio may also include electrical energy used by resistive elements to
maintain a minimum air delivery temperature (see 4.2.5).
RH(Tj)/N=
The ratio of the electrical energy used for resistive space heating during periods when the outdoor temperature fell within the
range represented by bin temperature Tj to the total number of hours in the heating season (N),W. Except as noted in section
4.2.5, resistive space heating is modeled as being used to meet that portion of the building load that the heat pump does not
meet because of insufficient capacity or because the heat pump automatically turns off at the lowest outdoor temperatures.
For heat pumps having a heat comfort controller, all or part of the electrical energy used by resistive heaters at a particular
bin temperature may be reflected in eh(Tj)/N (see 4.2.5).
Tj = the outdoor bin temperature, °F. Outdoor temperatures are “binned” such that calculations are only performed based one
temperature within the bin. Bins of 5 °F are used.
nj/N=
Fractional bin hours for the heating season; the ratio of the number of hours during the heating season when the outdoor
temperature fell within the range represented by bin temperature Tj to the total number of hours in the heating season,
dimensionless. Obtain nj/N values from Table 17.
j = the bin number, dimensionless.
J = for each generalized climatic region, the total number of temperature bins, dimensionless. Referring to Table 17, J is the highest bin
number (j) having a nonzero entry for the fractional bin hours for the generalized climatic region of interest.
Fdef = the demand defrost credit described in section 3.9.2, dimensionless.
BL(Tj) = the building space conditioning load corresponding to an outdoor temperature of Tj; the heating season building load also depends
on the generalized climatic region's outdoor design temperature and the design heating requirement, Btu/h.
99
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 17. Generalized Climatic Region Information
Region Number ......................................................................
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
Heating Load Hours, HLH .....................................................
750
1250
1750
2250
2750
*2750
Outdoor Design Temperature, TOD .........................................
37
27
17
5
-10
30
j
Tj (°F)............................................................................
Fractional Bin Hours nj/N
1
62 ...................................................................................
.291
.215
.153
.132
.106
.113
2
57 ...................................................................................
.239
.189
.142
.111
.092
.206
3
52 ...................................................................................
.194
.163
.138
.103
.086
.215
4
47 ...................................................................................
.129
.143
.137
.093
.076
.204
5
42 ...................................................................................
.081
.112
.135
.100
.078
.141
6
37 ...................................................................................
.041
.088
.118
.109
.087
.076
7
32 ...................................................................................
.019
.056
.092
.126
.102
.034
8
27 ...................................................................................
.005
.024
.042
.087
.094
.008
9
22 ...................................................................................
.001
.008
021
.055
.074
.003
10
17 ...................................................................................
0
.002
.009
.036
.055
0
11
12 ...................................................................................
0
0
.005
.026
.047
0
12
7 .....................................................................................
0
0
.002
.013
.038
0
13
2 .....................................................................................
0
0
.001
.006
.029
0
14
-3 ...................................................................................
0
0
0
.002
.018
0
15
-8 ...................................................................................
0
0
0
.001
.010
0
16
-13 .................................................................................
0
0
0
0
.005
0
17
-18 .................................................................................
0
0
0
0
.002
0
18
-23 .................................................................................
0
0
0
0
.001
0
* Pacific Coast Region.
Evaluate the building heating load using
where,
TOD = the outdoor design temperature, °F. An outdoor design temperature is specified for each generalized climatic region in
Table 17.
100
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
C = 0.77, a correction factor which tends to improve the agreement between calculated and measured building loads,
dimensionless.
DHR = the design heating requirement (see Definition 1.22), Btu/h.
Calculate the minimum and maximum design heating requirements for each generalized climatic region as follows:
and
•
where Q
k
h
(47) is expressed in units of Btu/h and otherwise defined as follows:
•
1. For a single-speed heat pump tested as per section 3.6.1, Q
the H1 Test.
k
h
•
(47) = Q
h
(47), the space heating capacity determined from
2. For a variable-speed heat pump, a section 3.6.2 single-speed heat pump, or a two-capacity heat pump not covered by item
•
3, Q
k
n
•
(47) = Q
k=2
n
(47), the space heating capacity determined from the H12 Test.
•
3. For two-capacity, northern heat pumps (see Definition 1.46), Q
determined from the H11 Test.
k
h
•
(47) = Q
k=1
h
(47), the space heating capacity
•
If the optional H1N Test is conducted on a variable-speed heat pump, the manufacturer has the option of defining Q
•
specified above in item 2 or as Q
k
h(47)=
•
k
h(47)
as
Q k=Nh(47), the space heating capacity determined from the H1N Test.
For all heat pumps, HSPF accounts for the heating delivered and the energy consumed by auxiliary resistive elements when
operating below the balance point. This condition occurs when the building load exceeds the space heating capacity of the
heat pump condenser. For HSPF calculations for all heat pumps, see either section 4.2.1, 4.2.2, 4.2.3, or 4.2.4, whichever
applies.
Table 18. Standardized Design Heating Requirements (Btu/h)
5,000 .................................................................................................
25,000
50,000
90,000
10,000 ...............................................................................................
30,000
60,000
100,000
15,000 ...............................................................................................
35,000
70,000
110,000
20,000 ...............................................................................................
40,000
80,000
130,000
101
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
For heat pumps with heat comfort controllers (see Definition 1.28), HSPF also accounts for resistive heating contributed
when operating above the heat-pump-plus-comfort-controller balance point as a result of maintaining a minimum supply
temperature. For heat pumps having a heat comfort controller, see section 4.2.5 for the additional steps required for
calculating the HSPF.
4.2.1 Additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a single-speed compressor that was tested with a
fixed-speed indoor fan installed, a constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan installed, or with no indoor fan installed.
where,
whichever is less; the heating mode load factor for temperature bin j, dimensionless.
•
Q
h
(Tj) = the space heating capacity of the heat pump when operating at outdoor temperature Tj, Btu/h.
h
(Tj) = the electrical power consumption of the heat pump when operating at outdoor temperature Tj, W.
•
E
δ (Tj) = the heat pump low temperature cut-out factor, dimensionless.
PLFj = 1 − C Dh · [1 −X (Tj)] the part load factor, dimensionless.
Use Equation 4.2–2 to determine BL (Tj). Obtain fractional bin hours for the heating season, nj/N, from Table 17. If the
optional H1C Test described in section 3.6.1 is not conducted, set the heating mode cyclic degradation coefficient, CDh, to the
default value specified in section 3.8.1. If this optional test is conducted, set C Dh to the lower of:
a. The value calculated according to section 3.8.1 or
b. The section 3.8.1 default value of 0.25.
Determine the low temperature cut-out factor using
102
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
where,
Toff = the outdoor temperature when the compressor is automatically shut off, °F. (If no such temperature exists, Tj is always
greater than Toff and Ton).
Ton = the outdoor temperature when the compressor is automatically turned back on, if applicable, following an automatic
shut-off, °F.
•
•
Calculate Q h(Tj) and E h(Tj) using,
•
where Q
•
•
h
(47) and E
h
(47) are determined from the H1 Test and calculated as specified in section 3.7; Q
•
(35) are determined from the H2 Test and calculated as specified in section 3.9.1; and Q
from the H3 Test and calculated as specified in section 3.10.
•
h
(35) and E
h
•
h
(17) and E
h
(17) are determined
4.2.2 Additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a single-speed compressor and a variable-speed,
variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan. The manufacturer must provide information about how the indoor air volume rate or the
indoor fan speed varies over the outdoor temperature range of 65 °F to −23 °F. Calculate the quantities
in Equation 4.2–1 as specified in section 4.2.1 with the exception of replacing references to the H1C Test and section 3.6.1
with the H1C1 Test and section 3.6.2. In addition, evaluate the space heating capacity and electrical power consumption of
•
•
the heat pump Q h(Tj) and E h(Tj) using
where the space heating capacity and electrical power consumption at both low capacity (k=1) and high capacity (k=2) at
outdoor temperature Tj are determined using
103
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
For units where indoor fan speed is the primary control variable, FPhk=1 denotes the fan speed used during the required H11
and H31 Tests (see Table 10), FPhk=2 denotes the fan speed used during the required H12, H22, and H32 Tests, and FPh(Tj)
denotes the fan speed used by the unit when the outdoor temperature equals Tj. For units where indoor air volume rate is the
primary control variable, the three FPh's are similarly defined only now being expressed in terms of air volume rates rather
•
than fan speeds. Determine Q
k=1
h
•
(47) and E
k=1
h
•
(47) from the H11 Test, and Q
•
Calculate all four quantities as specified in section 3.7. Determine Q
•
k=2
determine Q
k=1
h
•
•
(35) and E
k=2
h
h
•
(47) and E
•
(35) and E
k=1
h
k=2
h
(47) from the H12 Test.
(35) as specified in section 3.6.2;
•
(35) and from the H22 Test and the calculation specified in section 3.9. Determine Q
•
(17) and E hk=1(17 from the H31 Test, and Q
specified in section 3.10.
h
k=1
k=2
h
k=2
h
•
(17) and E
k=2
h
(17) from the H32 Test. Calculate all four quantities as
4.2.3 Additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a two-capacity compressor. The calculation of the
Equation 4.2–1 quantities
differs depending upon whether the heat pump would operate at low capacity (section 4.2.3.1), cycle between low and high
capacity (Section 4.2.3.2), or operate at high capacity (sections 4.2.3.3 and 4.2.3.4) in responding to the building load. For
heat pumps that lock out low capacity operation at low outdoor temperatures, the manufacturer must supply information
regarding the cutoff temperature(s) so that the appropriate equations can be selected.
a. Evaluate the space heating capacity and electrical power consumption of the heat pump when operating at low compressor
capacity and outdoor temperature Tj using
104
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
•
•
b. Evaluate the space heating capacity and electrical power consumption ( Q hk=2(Tj) and E hk=2 (Tj)) of the heat pump when
operating at high compressor capacity and outdoor temperature Tj by solving Equations 4.2.2–3 and 4.2.2–4, respectively, for
•
k=2. Determine Q
•
and E
k=2
h
•
k=1
(62) and E
h
•
k=1
h
(62) from the H01 Test, Q
k=1
•
(47) and E
h
(47) from the H11 Test, and Q
•
(47) from the H12 Test. Calculate all six quantities as specified in section 3.7. Determine Q
•
k=2
h
•
k=1
h
(35) from the H22 Test and, if required as described in section 3.6.3, determine Q
•
k=2
Test. Calculate the required 35 °F quantities as specified in section 3.9. Determine Q
•
Test and, if required as described in section 3.6.3, determine Q
required 17 °F quantities as specified in section 3.10.
k=1
h
•
(17) and E
k=1
h
h
•
(35) and E
k=1
h
•
(17) and E
h
(47)
•
(35) and E
(35) from the H21
k=2
h
k=2
k=2
h
(17) from the H32
k=1
h
(17) from the H31 Test. Calculate the
4.2.3.1 Steady-state space heating capacity when operating at low compressor capacity is greater than or equal to the
•
building heating load at temperature Tj, Q
k=1
h
(Tj) ≥ BL(Tj).
where,
•
Xk=1(Tj) = BL (Tj) / Q
k=1
h
(Tj), the heating mode low capacity load factor for temperature bin j, dimensionless.
PLFj = 1 − CDh · [1 − Xk=1(Tj)], the part load factor, dimensionless.
δ'(Tj) = the low temperature cutoff factor, dimensionless.
If the optional H0C1 Test described in section 3.6.3 is not conducted, set the heating mode cyclic degradation coefficient,
CDh, to the default value specified in section 3.8.1. If this optional test is conducted, set CDh to the lower of:
a. The value calculated according to section 3.8.1; or
b. The section 3.8.1 default value of 0.25.
105
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Determine the low temperature cut-out factor using
where Toff and Ton are defined in section 4.2.1. Use the calculations given in section 4.2.3.3, and not the above, if:
(a) The heat pump locks out low capacity operation at low outdoor temperatures and
(b) Tj is below this lockout threshold temperature.
4.2.3.2 Heat pump alternates between high (k=2) and low (k=1) compressor capacity to satisfy the building heating load at a
•
temperature Tj, Q
•
k=1
h
(Tj) < BL (Tj) < Q
k=2
h
(Tj).
Calculate
using Equation 4.2.3–2. Evaluate
using
where,
Xk=2(Tj) = 1 − Xk=1(Tj) the heating mode, high capacity load factor for temperature bin j, dimensionless.
Determine the low temperature cut-out factor, δ'(Tj), using Equation 4.2.3–3.
4.2.3.3 Heat pump only operates at high (k=2) compressor capacity at temperature Tj and its capacity is greater than the
•
building heating load, BL (Tj) < Q hk=2(Tj). This section applies to units that lock out low compressor capacity operation at
low outdoor temperatures. Calculate
106
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
using Equation 4.2.3–2. Evaluate
using
where,
•
Xk=2(Tj) = BL (Tj)/ Q
k=2
h
(Tj).
PLF j = 1 − C Dh (k = 2) ⋅ [1 − X k = 2 (T j )] .
If the optional H1C2 Test described in section 3.6.3 and Table 11 is not conducted, set
specified in section 3.8.1. If this optional test is conducted, set
a. the
C Dh (k = 2) equal to the default value
C Dh (k = 2) to the lower of:
C Dh (k = 2) value calculated as per section 3.8.1; or
b. the section 3.8.1 default value for
Determine the low temperature cut-out factor,
C Dh (k = 2) .
δ ' (T j ) , using Equation 4.2.3-3.
•
4.2.3.4 Heat pump must operate continuously at high (k=2) compressor capacity at temperature Tj, BL (Tj) ≥ Q
k=2
h
(Tj).
Where
107
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
4.2.4 Additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a variable-speed compressor. Calculate HSPF using
•
•
Equation 4.2–1. Evaluate the space heating capacity, Q hk=1(Tj), and electrical power consumption, E
pump when operating at minimum compressor speed and outdoor temperature Tj using
•
•
k=1
where Q
(62) and E
h
k=1
h
•
(62) are determined from the H01 Test, Q
k=1
h
•
(47) and E
k=1
h
k=1
h
(Tj), of the heat
(47) are determined from the H11
•
Test, and all four quantities are calculated as specified in section 3.7. Evaluate the space heating capacity, Q
•
k=2
(Tj), and
h
k=2
electrical power consumption, E h (Tj), of the heat pump when operating at maximum compressor speed and outdoor
temperature Tj by solving Equations 4.2.2–3 and 4.2.2–4, respectively, for k=2. Determine the Equation 4.2.2–3 and 4.2.2–4
•
quantities Q
•
and E
k=2
h
•
k=2
h
(47) and E
k=2
h
•
(47) from the H12 Test and the calculations specified in section 3.7. Determine Q
k=2
h
(35)
(35) from the H22 Test and the calculations specified in section 3.9 or, if the H22 Test is not conducted, by
•
conducting the calculations specified in section 3.6.4. Determine Q
k=2
h
•
(17) and E
•
k=v
k=2
h
(17) from the H32 Test and the
•
calculations specified in section 3.10. Calculate the space heating capacity, Q h (Tj), and electrical power consumption, E
k=v
(Tj), of the heat pump when operating at outdoor temperature Tj and the intermediate compressor speed used during the
h
section 3.6.4 H2V Test using
•
•
where Q hk=v (35) and E hk=v (35) are determined from the H2V Test and calculated as specified in section 3.9. Approximate
the slopes of the k=v intermediate speed heating capacity and electrical power input curves, MQ and ME, as follows:
 Q k =1 (62) − Q hk =1 (47)
 
Q k = 2 (35) − Q hk = 2 (17) 
MQ =  h
⋅ (1 − N Q ) +  N Q ⋅ h

62 − 47
35 − 17


 
 E k =1 (62) − E hk =1 (47)
 
E k = 2 (35) − E hk = 2 (17) 
ME =  h
⋅ (1 − N E ) +  N E ⋅ h

62 − 47
35 − 17


 
where,
•
Use Equations 4.2.4–1 and 4.2.4–2, respectively, to calculate Q
The calculation of Equation 4.2–1 quantities
108
k=1
h
•
(35) and E
k=1
h
(35).
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
differs depending upon whether the heat pump would operate at minimum speed (section 4.2.4.1), operate at an intermediate
speed (section 4.2.4.2), or operate at maximum speed (section 4.2.4.3) in responding to the building load.
4.2.4.1 Steady-state space heating capacity when operating at minimum compressor speed is greater than or equal to the
•
k=1
building heating load at temperature Tj, Q
h
(Tj ≥ BL(Tj). Evaluate the Equation 4.2–1 quantities
•
•
as specified in section 4.2.3.1. Except now use Equations 4.2.4–1 and 4.2.4–2 to evaluate Q hk=1(Tj) and E hk=1(Tj),
respectively, and replace section 4.2.3.1 references to “low capacity” and section 3.6.3 with “minimum speed” and section
3.6.4. Also, the last sentence of section 4.2.3.1 does not apply.
4.2.4.2 Heat pump operates at an intermediate compressor speed (k=i) in order to match the building heating load at a
•
temperature Tj, Q
k=1
h
•
(Tj) < BL (Tj) < Q
k=2
h
(Tj). Calculate
using Equation 4.2.3–2 while evaluating
using,
where,
and δ(Tj) is evaluated using Equation 4.2.3–3 while,
•
Q hk=i (Tj) = BL (Tj), the space heating capacity delivered by the unit in matching the building load at temperature (Tj),
Btu/h. The matching occurs with the heat pump operating at compressor speed k=i.
COPk=i (Tj) = the steady-state coefficient of performance of the heat pump when operating at compressor speed k=i and
temperature Tj, dimensionless.
109
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
For each temperature bin where the heat pump operates at an intermediate compressor speed, determine COPk=i(Tj) using,
COPk=i (Tj) = A + B · Tj + C · Tj 2.
For each heat pump, determine the coefficients A, B, and C by conducting the following calculations once:
where,
T3 = the outdoor temperature at which the heat pump, when operating at minimum compressor speed, provides a space
•
heating capacity that is equal to the building load ( Q
4.2–2 and solving for:
k=1
h
(T3) = BL(T3)), °F. Determine T3 by equating Equations 4.2.4–1 and
outdoor temperature.
Tvh = the outdoor temperature at which the heat pump, when operating at the intermediate compressor speed used during the
•
section 3.6.4 H2V Test, provides a space heating capacity that is equal to the building load ( Q
Determine Tvh by equating Equations 4.2.4–3 and 4.2–2 and solving for outdoor temperature.
k=v
h
(Tvh) = BL(Tvh)), °F.
T4 = the outdoor temperature at which the heat pump, when operating at maximum compressor speed, provides a space
•
heating capacity that is equal to the building load ( Q
(k=2) and 4.2–2 and solving for outdoor temperature.
k=2
h
(T4) = BL(T4)), °F. Determine T4 by equating Equations 4.2.2–3
For multiple-split heat pumps (only), the following procedures supersede the above requirements for calculating
COPhk =i (T j ) . For each temperature bin where T3 > T j > Tvh ,
110
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
k =i
h
COP
k =1
h
(T j ) = COP
COPhk =v (Tvh ) − COPhk =1 (T3 )
(T3 ) +
⋅ (T j − T3 ).
Tvh − T3
For each temperature bin where Tvh ≥ Tj > T4,
COPhk =i (T j ) = COPhk =v (Tvh ) +
COPhk =2 (T4 ) − COPhk =v (Tvh )
⋅ (T j − Tvh ). ”
T4 − Tvh
•
4.2.4.3 Heat pump must operate continuously at maximum (k=2) compressor speed at temperature Tj, BL (Tj) ≥ Q
Evaluate the Equation 4.2–1 quantities
•
k=2
h
(Tj).
•
as specified in section 4.2.3.4 with the understanding that Q hk=2(Tj) and E hk=2(Tj) correspond to maximum compressor
speed operation and are derived from the results of the specified section 3.6.4 tests.
4.2.5 Heat pumps having a heat comfort controller. Heat pumps having heat comfort controllers, when set to maintain a
typical minimum air delivery temperature, will cause the heat pump condenser to operate less because of a greater
contribution from the resistive elements. With a conventional heat pump, resistive heating is only initiated if the heat pump
condenser cannot meet the building load (i.e., is delayed until a second stage call from the indoor thermostat). With a heat
comfort controller, resistive heating can occur even though the heat pump condenser has adequate capacity to meet the
building load (i.e., both on during a first stage call from the indoor thermostat). As a result, the outdoor temperature where
the heat pump compressor no longer cycles (i.e., starts to run continuously), will be lower than if the heat pump did not have
the heat comfort controller.
4.2.5.1 Heat pump having a heat comfort controller: additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a
single-speed compressor that was tested with a fixed-speed indoor fan installed, a constant-air-volume-rate indoor fan
installed, or with no indoor fan installed. Calculate the space heating capacity and electrical power of the heat pump without
the heat comfort controller being active as specified in section 4.2.1 (Equations 4.2.1–4 and 4.2.1–5) for each outdoor bin
temperature, Tj, that is listed in Table 17. Denote these capacities and electrical powers by using the subscript “hp” instead of
“h.” Calculate the mass flow rate (expressed in pounds-mass of dry air per hour) and the specific heat of the indoor air
(expressed in Btu/lbmda · °F) from the results of the H1 Test using:
•
•
where V s, V mx, v'n (or vn), and Wn are defined following Equation 3–1. For each outdoor bin temperature listed in Table 17,
calculate the nominal temperature of the air leaving the heat pump condenser coil using,
Evaluate eh (Tj/N), RH (Tj)/N, X (Tj), PLFj, and δ (Tj) as specified in section 4.2.1. For each bin calculation, use the space
heating capacity and electrical power from Case 1 or Case 2, whichever applies.
Case 1. For outdoor bin temperatures where To (Tj) is equal to or greater than TCC (the maximum supply temperature
•
determined according to section 3.1.9), determine Q
•
•
h
(Tj) and E
h
(Tj) as specified in section 4.2.1 (i.e., Q
•
h
(Tj) = Q
hp
111
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
•
•
(Tj) and E hp (Tj) = E
for all bins.
hp
(Tj)). Note: Even though To (Tj) ≥ Tcc, resistive heating may be required; evaluate Equation 4.2.1–2
•
•
Case 2. For outdoor bin temperatures where To(Tj) > Tcc, determine Q h(Tj) and E h(Tj) using,
where,
Note: Even though To (Tj) < Tcc, additional resistive heating may be required; evaluate Equation 4.2.1–2 for all bins.
4.2.5.2 Heat pump having a heat comfort controller: additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a
single-speed compressor and a variable-speed, variable-air-volume-rate indoor fan. Calculate the space heating capacity and
electrical power of the heat pump without the heat comfort controller being active as specified in section 4.2.2 (Equations
4.2.2–1 and 4.2.2–2) for each outdoor bin temperature, Tj, that is listed in Table 17. Denote these capacities and electrical
powers by using the subscript “hp” instead of “h.” Calculate the mass flow rate (expressed in pounds-mass of dry air per
hour) and the specific heat of the indoor air (expressed in Btu/lbmda · °F) from the results of the H12 Test using:
•
•
where V S, V mx, v'n (or vn), and Wn are defined following Equation 3–1. For each outdoor bin temperature listed in Table 17,
calculate the nominal temperature of the air leaving the heat pump condenser coil using,
Evaluate eh(Tj)/N , RH(Tj)/N, X(Tj), PLFj, and δ(Tj) as specified in section 4.2.1 with the exception of replacing references to
the H1C Test and section 3.6.1 with the H1C1 Test and section 3.6.2. For each bin calculation, use the space heating capacity
and electrical power from Case 1 or Case 2, whichever applies.
112
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Case 1. For outdoor bin temperatures where To (Tj) is equal to or greater than TCC (the maximum supply temperature
•
determined according to section 3.1.9), determine Q
•
•
and E h (Tj) = E
all bins.
hp
•
•
h
(Tj) and E
h
(Tj) as specified in section 4.2.2 (i.e. Q
•
h
(Tj) = Q
hp
(Tj)
(Tj)). Note: Even though To (Tj) ≥ TCC, resistive heating may be required; evaluate Equation 4.2.1–2 for
•
•
Case 2. For outdoor bin temperatures where To(Tj) < TCC, determine Q h(Tj) and E h(Tj) using,
•
•
•
Q h(Tj) = Q
•
hp(Tj)
+ Q
hp(Tj)
+ E
•
CC(Tj)
•
E h(Tj) = E
CC(Tj)
where,
•
Q
•
CC(Tj)
= m
da
· Cp,da · [TCC − To(Tj)]
Note: Even though To(Tj) < Tcc, additional resistive heating may be required; evaluate Equation 4.2.1–2 for all bins.
4.2.5.3 Heat pumps having a heat comfort controller: additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a twocapacity compressor. Calculate the space heating capacity and electrical power of the heat pump without the heat comfort
controller being active as specified in section 4.2.3 for both high and low capacity and at each outdoor bin temperature, Tj,
that is listed in Table 17. Denote these capacities and electrical powers by using the subscript “hp” instead of “h.” For the low
capacity case, calculate the mass flow rate (expressed in pounds-mass of dry air per hour) and the specific heat of the indoor
air (expressed in Btu/lbmda · °F) from the results of the H11 Test using:
•
•
where V s, V mx, v'n (or vn), and Wn are defined following Equation 3–1. For each outdoor bin temperature listed in Table
17, calculate the nominal temperature of the air leaving the heat pump condenser coil when operating at low capacity using,
Repeat the above calculations to determine the mass flow rate (m dak=2) and the specific heat of the indoor air (Cp, dak=2) when
operating at high capacity by using the results of the H12 Test. For each outdoor bin temperature listed in Table 17, calculate
the nominal temperature of the air leaving the heat pump condenser coil when operating at high capacity using,
Evaluate eh (Tj)/N, RH (Tj)/N, Xk=1(Tj), and/or Xk=2(Tj), PLFj, and δ'(Tj) or δ"(Tj) as specified in section 4.2.3.1. 4.2.3.2,
4.2.3.3, or 4.2.3.4, whichever applies, for each temperature bin. To evaluate these quantities, use the low-capacity space
113
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
heating capacity and the low-capacity electrical power from Case 1 or Case 2, whichever applies; use the high-capacity space
heating capacity and the high-capacity electrical power from Case 3 or Case 4, whichever applies.
Case 1. For outdoor bin temperatures where Tok=1(Tj) is equal to or greater than TCC (the maximum supply temperature
•
determined according to section 3.1.9), determine Q
•
k=1
(Tj) and E
hp
k=1
h
•
(Tj) = E
k=1
h
•
(Tj) and E
k=1
h
•
(Tj) as specified in section 4.2.3 (i.e., Q
k=1
h
•
(Tj) = Q
k=1
(Tj).
hp
Note: Even though Tok=1(Tj) ≥ TCC, resistive heating may be required; evaluate RH (Tj)/N for all bins.
•
Case 2. For outdoor bin temperatures where Tok=1(Tj) < TCC, determine Q
•
Q
k=1
•
E
•
(Tj) = Q
h
k=1
h
•
(Tj) = E
hp
•
k=1
(Tj) + Q
k=1
(Tj) + E
hp
•
k=1
h
•
(Tj) and E
k=1
(Tj) using,
h
k=1
(Tj)
CC
k=1
(Tj)
CC
where,
Note: Even though Tok=1(Tj) ≥ Tcc, additional resistive heating may be required; evaluate RH (Tj)/N for all bins.
•
Case 3. For outdoor bin temperatures where Tok=2(Tj) is equal to or greater than TCC, determine Q
•
•
•
•
specified in section 4.2.3 (i.e., Q hk=2(Tj) = Q hpk=2(Tj) and E hk=2(Tj) = E
resistive heating may be required; evaluate RH (Tj)/N for all bins.
•
Case 4. For outdoor bin temperatures where Tok=2(Tj) < TCC, determine Q
k=2
h
k=2
hp
k=2
h
•
(Tj) and E
(Tj) as
(Tj)). Note: Even though Tok=2(Tj) < TCC,
•
(Tj) and E
k=2
h
(Tj) using,
where,
Note: Even though Tok=2(Tj) < Tcc, additional resistive heating may be required; evaluate RH (Tj)/N for all bins.
114
k=2
h
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
4.2.5.4 Heat pumps having a heat comfort controller: additional steps for calculating the HSPF of a heat pump having a
variable-speed compressor. [Reserved]
4.
Calculations of the Actual and Representative Regional Annual Performance Factors for Heat Pumps.
4.3.1 Calculation of actual regional annual performance factors (APFA) for a particular location and for each standardized
design heating requirement.
where,
CLHA = the actual cooling hours for a particular location as determined using the map given in Figure 3, hr.
•
Q
k
c
(95) = the space cooling capacity of the unit as determined from the A or A2 Test, whichever applies, Btu/h.
HLHA = the actual heating hours for a particular location as determined using the map given in Figure 2, hr.
DHR = the design heating requirement used in determining the HSPF; refer to section 4.2 and Definition 1.22, Btu/h.
C = defined in section 4.2 following Equation 4.2–2, dimensionless.
SEER = the seasonal energy efficiency ratio calculated as specified in section 4.1, Btu/W·h.
HSPF = the heating seasonal performance factor calculated as specified in section 4.2 for the generalized climatic region that
includes the particular location of interest (see Figure 2), Btu/W·h. The HSPF should correspond to the actual design heating
requirement (DHR), if known. If it does not, it may correspond to one of the standardized design heating requirements
referenced in section 4.2.
4.3.2 Calculation of representative regional annual performance factors (APFR) for each generalized climatic region and for
each standardized design heating requirement.
where,
CLHR = the representative cooling hours for each generalized climatic region, Table 19, hr.
HLHR = the representative heating hours for each generalized climatic region, Table 19, hr.
HSPF = the heating seasonal performance factor calculated as specified in section 4.2 for the each generalized climatic region
and for each standardized design heating requirement within each region, Btu/W·h.
•
The SEER, Q ck (95), DHR, and C are the same quantities as defined in section 4.3.1. Figure 2 shows the generalized
climatic regions. Table 18 lists standardized design heating requirements.
115
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Table 19. Representative Cooling and Heating Load Hours for
Each Generalized Climatic Region
Region
CLHR
HLHR
I ............................................................................................................................
2400
750
II ...........................................................................................................................
1800
1250
III..........................................................................................................................
1200
1750
IV .........................................................................................................................
800
2250
V...........................................................................................................................
400
2750
VI .........................................................................................................................
200
2750
4.4. Rounding of SEER, HSPF, and APF for reporting purposes. After calculating SEER according to section 4.1, round it
off as specified in subpart B 430.23(m)(3)(i) of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Round section 4.2 HSPF values
and section 4.3 APF values as per §430.23(m) (3) (ii) and (iii) of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
116
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
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Last updated: July 27, 2005
117
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
APPENDIX D. PRESCRIPTIVE METHODOLOGY
FOR THE CYCLIC TESTING OF
DUCTED SYSTEMS– NORMATIVE
For the purpose of uniformity in the cyclic test requirements of Appendix C, the following test apparatus and conditions shall
be met:
D1 The test apparatus is a physical arrangement of dampers, damper boxes, mixers, thermopile and ducts all properly
sealed and insulated. See Figures D1 through D4 for typical test apparatus. The arrangement and size(s) of the components
may be altered to meet the physical requirements of the unit to be tested.
D2 Dampers and their boxes shall be located outside of the ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 37 pressure measurement locations
in the inlet air and outlet air ducts.
D3 The entire test apparatus shall not have a leakage rate which exceeds 20 cfm [0.01 m3/s ] when a negative pressure of
1.0 in H2O [0.25 kPa] is maintained at the apparatus exit air location.
D4
The apparatus shall be insulated to have "U" value not to exceed 0.04 Btu/(h⋅ft2⋅°F) [0.23 W/m2 · °C] total.
D5 The air mixer and a 40% maximum open area perforated screen shall be located in the outlet air portion of the
apparatus upstream of the outlet damper. The mixer(s) shall be as described in ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 41.1. The mixing
device shall achieve a maximum temperature spread of 1.5°F [0.8 °C] across the device. An inlet air mixer is not required.
D6 The temperature difference between inlet air and outlet air shall be measured by a thermopile. The thermopile shall be
constructed of 24 gauge thermocouple wire with 16 junctions at each end. At each junction point the wire insulation shall be
stripped for a length of 1.0 in [25 mm]. The junction of the wires shall have no more than two bonded turns.
D7 The dampers shall be capable of being completely opened or completely closed within a time period not to exceed 10
seconds for each action. Airflow through the equipment being tested should stop within 3 seconds after the airflow
measuring device is de-energized. The air pressure difference (ΔP) at the nozzle shall be within 2% of steady state ΔP within
15 seconds from the time the air measuring device is re-energized.
D8 Test set up, temperature and electrical measurements must be identical for "C" and "U" tests in order to obtain
minimum error in CD. Electrical measurements shall be taken with an integrating type meter per ANSI/ASHRAE Standard
37 having an accuracy for all ranges experienced during the cyclic test.
D9 Prior to taking test data, the unit shall be operated at least one hour after achieving dry coil conditions. The drain pan
shall be drained and the drain opening plugged. The drain pan shall be completely dry in order to maximize repeatability and
reproducibility of test results.
D10 For coil only units not employing an enclosure, the coil shall be tested with an enclosure constructed of 1.0 in [25 mm]
fiberglass ductboard with a density of 6 lb/ft3 [100 kg/m3] or an equivalent "R" value. For units with enclosures or cabinets, no
extra insulating or sealing shall be employed.
118
Figure D1. Tunnel Air Enthalpy Test Method Arrangement
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
119
Figure D2. Loop Air Enthalpy Test Method Arrangement
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
120
Figure D3. Calorimeter Air Enthalpy Test Method Arrangement
ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
121
Figure D4. Room Air Enthalpy Test Method Arrangement
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
122
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
APPENDIX E. EXAMPLE OF CALCULATING
INTEGRATED PART-LOAD VALUES (IPLV) –
NORMATIVE
E1
Purpose and Scope.
E1.1
Purpose. This appendix shows example calculations for determining Integrated Part-Load Values
(IPLV).
E1.2
E2
Scope. This appendix is for equipment covered by this standard.
General Equation and Definitions of Terms.
 EER 2 + EER 3 
 EER1 + EER 2 




2
2
 + (PLF - PLF ) 
 + ..……....
IPLV = (PLF1 - PLF2 ) 
2
3
+ (PLFn-1 - PLFn )
 EER n -1 + EER n 


2


+ (PLFn )(EERn )
E1
where:
PLF
=
Part-load factor determined from Figure E1
n
=
Total number of capacity steps
Subscript 1
=
100% capacity and EER at part- load Rating Conditions
Subscript 2, 3, etc. =
E3
Specific capacity and EER at part-load steps per 6.2 of this standard
Calculation Example for a Four Capacity Step System.
E3.1
Assume equipment has four capacity steps as follows:
1
2
3
4
100% (full load)
75% of full load
50% of full load
25% of full load
E3.2
Obtain part-load factors from Figure E1.
E3.3
Obtain EER at each capacity step per 6.2 of this standard.
E3.4
Calculate IPLV using the general equation with:
n = 4
PLF1
PLF2
PLF3
PLF4
=
=
=
=
1.0
0.9
0.4
0.1
EER1
EER2
EER3
EER4
=
=
=
=
8.9
7.7
7.1
5.0
123
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
Enter the above values in Equation E1:
 8.9 + 7.7 
 7.7 + 7.1 
 7.1 + 5.0 






2
2
2
 + (0.9 - 0.4) 
 + (0.4 - 0.1) 

IPLV = (1.0 - 0.9) 
+ 0.1 x 5.0 = (0.1 x 8.3) + (0.5 x 7.4) + (0.3 x 6.0) + 0.5 = 0.83 + 3.70 + 1.80 + 0.5
IPLV = 6.8 Btu/(W·h)
To further illustrate the calculation process, see the example in Table E1.
124
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
125
ANSI/ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 210/240-2008
I-P Units
Using information from E3:
Table E1. Example IPLV Calculation
Capacity
Step
% Full
Load
Cap.2
PLF3
Mfrs.
Part-Load
EER
Avg.
PartLoad
EER
PLF Diff.
Avg. EER x
PLF Diff. =
Weighted
Avg.
1
100%
1.0
8.9 2
=
8.3
(1.0 - 0.9) = 0.1
8.3 x 0.1
=
0.83
2
75%
0.9
7.7
=
7.4
(0.9 - 0.4) = 0.5
7.4 x 0.5
=
3.70
3
50%
0.4
7.1
=
6.0
(0.4 - 0.1) = 0.3
6.0 x 0.3
=
1.80
4
25%
0.1
5.0
=
5.0 1
-----
(0.1 - 0.0) = 0.1
5.0 1 x 0.1
=
0.50
0%
0.0
Single number
IPLV
6.83 4
Notes:
1
For the range between 0% capacity and the last capacity step, use EER of the last capacity step for the
average EER.
2
The 100% capacity and EER are to be determined at the part-load Rating Conditions.
3
Part-load factor from Figure E1.
4
Rounded to 6.8 Btu/(W·h).
126
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