User Manual - Documents Free PDF

FSP 3000R7 Element Manager
User Manual
Product Release 10.3
Document Issue: B (July 2011)
Copyright © 2001-2011 ADVA Optical Networking
All rights reserved. Hardware and software mentioned in this document includes software developed
by ADVA Optical Networking ("ADVA Optical Networking"), the Apache Software Foundation
(http://www.apache.org), Teodor Danciu (http://jasperreports.sourceforge.net), and/or other open
source software. Some software was created using ORBacus for Java by Object-Oriented Concepts,
Inc.
Trademarks
The terms “ADVA” and “FSP 3000” are trademarks or registered trademarks of ADVA Optical Networking in the United States, Germany and/or other countries. All other company products or services mentioned in this document may be trademarks or service marks of ADVA Optical Networking or their
respective owner.
Patents
The content described in this document may be covered by patents or pending patent applications of
ADVA Optical Networking. The furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents.
Nothing in this document shall be construed as granting any license or rights with respect to its content
or the patents and trademarks mentioned above. The content of this document may include technical
inaccuracies or typographical errors, and is subject to change at any time without notice. Reliance on
this content is at the relying party's sole risk and will not create any liability or obligation for ADVA Optical Networking. Any references in this document to publications and/or Internet sites that are not from
ADVA Optical Networking are provided for convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an
endorsement of those publications and/or Internet sites. The materials within those publications and/or
Internet sites are not part of the materials for any ADVA Optical Networking information, product, or
service, and use of those publications and/or Internet sites is at your own risk.
THE CONTENT OF THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ''AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL
ADVA OPTICAL NETWORKING, ITS AFFILIATES, EMPLOYEES, OFFICERS OR ITS SUPPLIERS
BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE
GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
HOWEVER CAUSED AND BASED ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY
WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
DAMAGE. THE SAME APPLIES FOR ANY HARDWARE OR SOFTWARE COVERED BY THIS DOCUMENT, UNLESS A SIGNED AGREEMENT WITH ADVA OPTICAL NETWORKING OR THE APPLICABLE PRODUCT LIABILITY LAW EXPRESSLY STATES OTHERWISE.
ADVA Optical Networking
Fraunhoferstr. 9a
82152 Martinsried/Muenchen
Germany
Phone +49(0)89-890665-0
Fax
+49(0)89-890665-199
http://www.advaoptical.com
2
User Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Disclaimers
List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
List of Tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Related Documents Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Purpose and Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Document Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . .
Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Document Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Typographic Conventions . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Symbol and Message Conventions
Obtaining Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Documentation Feedback. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Obtaining Technical Assistance . . . . . . . . . .
Customer Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact ADVA Optical Networking . . . . . . . .
Chapter 1
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21
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Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Installing the Element Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Install on a Windows Platform. . . . . . . . . .
How to Install on a Solaris Platform . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Uninstall. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Upgrade on a Windows Platform . . . . . . . .
Starting the Element Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Initializing the Element Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defining NEs to Manage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Add a Single IP Connection . . . . . . . . .
How to Discover all NEs in an IP Address Range
User Manual
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31
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43
3
How to Export and Import the Managed Elements List
How to Modify IP Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Delete IP Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing Trap Recipients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Add Trap Recipient Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Modify Trap Recipient Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Delete Trap Recipient Window. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with Element Manager User Accounts. . . . . . . .
How to Add a User Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Delete a User Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Change Other Users’ Passwords . . . . . . . . . .
How to Change Your Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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46
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Basics of the Element Manager. . . . . . . . 61
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About the Graphical User Interface . . . . . . . . .
The Menu Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Network Element Pane . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Information Pane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Entity Pane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Tree View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Racks View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AID Names. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entity Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Equipment Pane . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Parameter Pane. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Response Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displaying Several NE Information Panes
About Communicating with NEs . . . . . . . . . . .
Getting Help. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Security Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Local Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Centralized Authentication. . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
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Simultaneously .
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User Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Chapter 2
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FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Chapter 3
Provisioning NEs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
About Provisioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Shelf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create an OTDR Shelf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Clone a Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Clone a Channel (Port). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Change a Service (Channel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Virtual Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create an Ethernet Port (ETH) . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Virtual Ethernet Port (VETH) . . . . . . .
How to Create an EOC Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create an SDH/SONET/OTN based ECC Channel
How to Create an Ethernet based ECC Channel . . . . . .
How to Create a PPP IP Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Supervisory Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create an Optical Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create Equipment/Facilities Automatically. . . . . . .
Managing Encryption Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Initial Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Change the Crypto-Officer Password . . . . . .
How to Specify the Module Authentication Password
How to View the Key Exchange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Maintenance Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Change the Session-Key Lifetime . . . . . . . .
How to Force a Key Exchange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Reset the Key Exchange Fail Counter . . . . .
How to View the Key Exchange Fail Counter . . . . . .
How to Update the Encryption Module Firmware . . .
How to Switch Off Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View the Encryption-Off Timer . . . . . . . . . .
How to Switch On Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Configure a Network Interface Loopback . . .
Creating Protection Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Channel Protection Group . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Channel Card Protection Group . . . . .
User Manual
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5
Chapter 4
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217
Configuring NEs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Configuring Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Configure Parameters . . . . . . . .
How to Configure System Parameters. . .
How to Configure NE Mode . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring DCN Features . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Configure a LAN IP Address . . . .
How to Configure the System IP Address
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220
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222
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225
User Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
How to Create a Client Channel Card Protection Group . . . . . . .
How to Create a Virtual Channel Protection Group . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create an Ethernet Linear Protection Group . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Versatile Protection Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Delete a Protection Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating ADM and ROADM Cross Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View ADM and ROADM Cross Connections . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create an ADM or ROADM Cross Connection . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a 1 Way ADM or ROADM Cross Connect Primitive
How to Enable a ROADM Cross-connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Delete a Bi-directional ADM or ROADM Cross Connection
How to Delete 1 Way ADM or ROADM Cross Connect Primitives .
Creating Flow Points, Bridges, and Cross Connections . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Flow Point (FLW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Flow Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Bridge (BRG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Bridges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a Flow Cross Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Create a 1 Way Flow Cross Connect Primitive . . . . . . . .
How to Delete a Bi-directional Flow Cross Connection . . . . . . . .
How to Delete 1 Way Flow Cross Connect Primitives. . . . . . . . .
How to View Flow Cross-connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating DCN Cross-Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Cross-connect PPP IP and EOC/ECC Interfaces . . . . . . .
How to View ECC Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Delete Equipment/Facilities Manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Handling Network Element User Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding a User Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modifying an User Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting a User Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Configuring OSPF Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring OSPF for the System Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defining OSPF for Ethernet PPP IP/LAN IP Interfaces . . . . . .
Assigning/Removing Static Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assigning/Removing a Default Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assigning a Default Gateway via the IP Ethernet Interface . .
Connecting the OSC and LAN IP Ethernet Interface . . . . . . .
Configuring Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Enable/Disable the FTP Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Enable/Disable the FTP Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Enable/Disable Use of SSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Configure Known Hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Working with Protection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to view Single Protection Group Settings (Method A) . . .
How to View Single Protection Group Settings (Method B). . .
How to View All Protection Group Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Make a Manual Protection Switch (Method A) . . . . . .
How to Make a Manual Protection Switch (Method B) . . . . . .
How to Make a Manual Ethernet Linear Protection Switch . . .
How to Inhibit Protection Switch (Method A) . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Inhibit Protection Switch (Method B) . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Inhibit an Ethernet Linear Protection Switch . . . . . . .
How to Configure APS Hold-Off Time (Method A) . . . . . . . . .
How to Configure APS Hold-Off Time (Method B) . . . . . . . . .
How to Change the Administrative State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the OTDR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing Node Channel Traces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing Information About the NE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View System Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Configured Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Inventory for an Entity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Inventory for a NE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Interface Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View the Routing Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View the OSPF Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Date and Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Manually Set the Date, Time, and Time Zone . . . .
Synchronizing NE time via NTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Configure an NE for Client-Only or Relay Mode
User Manual
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228
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282
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286
288
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297
299
301
303
305
306
308
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311
314
315
316
316
318
319
320
321
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324
325
326
329
333
337
341
345
349
351
353
354
355
User Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
How to Configure an NE for Server-Only Mode . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Check NE to Remote NTP Server Connectivity . . . . . . .
How to Disable Time Synchronization with NTP. . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Remote Syslog Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Add a Remote Syslog Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Edit a Remote Syslog Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Delete a Remote Syslog Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How To Configure Scheduled Equalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Span Equalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Provision Span Equalization in a New Network . . . . . . . . .
How to Provision Span Equalization in an Existing Network . . . . . .
How to Initiate Equalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View the List of Qualified EDFAs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Span Equalization Status, Alarms, and Configuration .
How to Configure Span Equalization Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Change Qualified EDFA Set Point and PPC . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Change Qualified EDFA Gain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Change Qualified EDFA Administrative State . . . . . . . . . .
How to Enable/Disable Dynamic Equalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing and Configuring Trace Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View the Trace Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Configure the Trace Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Settings for SDH/SONET Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Settings for OTN Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Configure TCA Thresholds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Configure Tandem Connection Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Store Optical Power Reference Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Ethernet OAM/CFM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a Maintenance Domain (MD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a Maintenance Association Network (MAnet) . . . . . . . . .
Creating a Maintenance Association Component (MAcomp). . . . . .
Creating a Maintenance End Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing and Modifying MAnet or MAcomp Configuration . . . . . . . .
Viewing and Modifying MEP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting CFM Entities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Configure Loop-Backs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing Cables in the Internal Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Fibers in the Physical Connections Table . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Enter Fibers into the Physical Connections Table . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing Physical Termination Points . . . . . . . . . .
How to Set the Automatic Laser Shutdown Mode . . .
How to Force a Laser On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Set the Forced-Laser Fallback/Release Timer.
How to Allow Forced Deletion of Entities . . . . . . . . .
Enabling Use of SCU Ring Interconnection . . . . . . . .
How to Change Equipment Capabilities . . . . . . . . . .
How to Configure TIF Contacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Chapter 5
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357
358
360
362
363
363
364
365
Monitoring NEs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 369
Monitoring Faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Current Conditions for a Single Entity or NE . .
How to View Current Conditions for All Entities in an NE . . .
How to View the Event Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Manually Change an Individual Condition’s Severity.
Changing Condition Severities with an Alarm Profile . . . . . .
How to Modify the Alarm Profile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Reset an Alarm Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Export an Alarm Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Import a Alarm Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Set the Timer for the Fault Cause Persistency Filter .
Monitoring Performance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Channel Performance per NE. . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Single Channel Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View ROADM Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Reconfigurable Filter Performance . . . . . . . . .
How to Reset Performance Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Print Historic Performance Records . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Export Historic Performance Records . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Physical Layer Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Optical Power Reference Values. . . . . . . . . . .
How to View Thresholds for Threshold Crossing Alerts . . . .
Monitoring States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View States for an Entity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to View States for an NE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 6
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369
370
372
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375
377
377
380
381
383
386
388
389
390
392
395
398
399
400
400
401
402
403
403
404
Maintaining NEs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405
About Software and Database Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406
User Manual
9
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406
408
409
409
411
411
413
415
419
421
423
425
428
429
432
434
435
435
436
437
441
448
448
453
458
458
459
459
460
461
Appendix A
Communication Port Overview . . . . . . . 463
Appendix B
Description of States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 465
Administrative States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 465
Operational States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467
Secondary States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467
10
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FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
The Software Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Handling of Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software and Database Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Downgrade and Switchback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NE Software Version versus File Names . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Backing Up and Restoring the Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Manually Back Up the Database . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Set Up Scheduled Backup of the Database . . . . . .
How to Restore the Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Enable Automatic Database Restoration . . . . . . . .
Updating NE Software in a Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Install NE Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Activating the NE Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Schedule Activation of the NE Software . . . . . .
How to Manually Activate the NE Software . . . . . . . . .
Switching Back to Previous NE Software Version . . . . . . .
Updating NE Software in a GNE-based Network . . . . . . . . . .
Updating Firmware Packages in an NE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Update Firmware for a Single Module. . . . . . . . . .
How to Update Firmware for Multiple Modules . . . . . . . . .
Transferring Files To/From the NE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Upload Files from the NE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Download Files to the NE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rebooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rebooting the NE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Re-initiating a Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About FTP and SCP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Move Files to an External Server . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Move a Database Backup from an External Server.
Appendix C
RADIUS Authentication Setup . . . . . . . 471
Setting up RADIUS Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defining RADIUS Servers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling RADIUS Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring SNMP Access Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding a Default SNMP Access Profile . . . . . . . . . .
Clearing a Default SNMP Access Profile . . . . . . . . .
Adding an SNMP Access Profile for an IP Subnet . .
Modifying an SNMP Access Profile for an IP Subnet.
Removing an SNMP Access Profile for an IP Subnet
Configuring IP Subnet Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding a Restricted IP Subnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a Restricted IP Subnet . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enabling Restricted IP Subnets Access . . . . . . . . .
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Appendix D
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472
472
475
476
476
478
479
482
484
486
486
488
489
Configuring a RADIUS Server . . . . . . . . 491
Installing and Starting a RADIUS Server . . . .
Specifying Privilege Levels. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modifying the Port for RADIUS Authentication
Defining the Element Manager IP Addresses .
Defining RADIUS User Accounts . . . . . . . . . .
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492
493
494
495
495
Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497
User Manual
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12
User Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
List of Figures
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
Figure
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2:
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24:
25:
26:
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28:
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30:
31:
User Manual
Overview of SNMP Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of Element Manager Main Screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Context Sensitive Pop-up Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview of Toolbar Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview of Network Element Pane Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of the Information Pane, Default Layout . . . . . . . . .
Example of the Information Pane, Alternative Layout . . . . . .
Element Manager Entity Pane, Tree View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entity Identification Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Element Manager Entity Pane, Rack View . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Equipment Pane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of Parameter pane, Tab view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parameter Pane, List View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Response Log. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status Bar Icons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connections between NEs and Element Manager . . . . . . . . .
User Accounts and Management Applications . . . . . . . . . . . .
Routing Table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Date and Time Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Span Equalization Linear Network Example: New Network. . .
Span Equalization Linear Network Example: Existing Network
Fiber Jumpers and Physical Termination Points . . . . . . . . . .
Software Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview of Software and Database File Handling . . . . . . . .
NE Software Update, First-time Activation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switchback to Previous NE Software and Database . . . . . . . .
NE Software Activation Keeping Current Database . . . . . . . .
NE Software Switchback With Auxiliary Database . . . . . . . . .
GNE-based Network Example. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FreeRadius Server Directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of RADIUS Dictionary File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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62
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74
74
75
76
218
274
278
299
302
353
406
408
410
410
410
411
435
492
493
13
14
User Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
List of Tables
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
7:
8:
9:
10:
11:
12:
User Manual
Entity AID Name Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of AID addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Port Role/Port Mode versus IEEE Provider Bridge .
Port Role/Port Mode versus IEEE Provider Bridge .
Flow Point Parameters for all Port modes. . . . . . .
Flow Point Parameters for Port mode CTAG . . . . .
Flow Point Parameters for Port mode STAG . . . . .
Bridge Parameters for all Port modes . . . . . . . . .
Remote NTP Server Synchronization Status . . . . .
Alarm Color Coding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Communication Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Element Manager versus RADIUS Privilege Levels
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. 71
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104
109
187
188
188
193
281
370
463
495
15
16
User Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Related Documents Overview
This section gives an overview of the complete suite of documents that is provided for the FSP 3000R7 system, and when to read each document.
Refer to these documents when planning, installing, provisioning, operating, or
troubleshooting FSP3000R7 network elements, and when using the built-in
management tools.
Planning
•
Product Description
This document provides a basic product overview.
•
Detailed System Description
This document is a look-up resource. It describes the solutions and principles behind major features such as transport protocols, protection, optical
amplification, reconfigurable OADMs, DCN, Control Plane, and management related features.
•
Module and System Specification
This document contains the technical specifications for the FSP 3000R7.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
•
Deployment Rules
This document contains the rules for deploying FSP 3000R7 optical amplifiers in an optical network.
Installing
•
Critical Warnings
This document lists the most important safety requirements as well as input
power restrictions for channel modules and pluggable transceivers. Read
this document before installing, provisioning, configuring or operating the
FSP 3000R7.
•
Safety Guide
This document describes important safety precautions that are to be read
and observed before attempting to install, provision, configure or operate
the FSP 3000R7. Therefore, read this document first.
•
Shipment Contents
This document is used to check and verify the contents of each shipping
box against the original purchase order.
•
Installation and Commissioning Manual
This document describes how to install an FSP 3000R7 node. It covers
everything from unpacking the shipment, rack-mounting the equipment,
connecting optical fibers, and includes basic commissioning. This is a procedure-oriented document.
User Manual
17
•
Hardware Description
This document describes physical details about each module such as front
plate pictures and markings, signal path description with block diagram,
allowed placement and labeling of the modules. For details related to the
supported configurations of each module, parameter values, and other
management related data, refer to the Management Data Guide.
•
OTDR Installation, Provisioning and Operations Manual
This document covers installation, provisioning, operations, troubleshooting, and maintenance of the OTDR unit.
Provisioning and Operating
•
Provisioning and Operations Manual
This document covers provisioning, configuring, operating, and monitoring
of the FSP 3000R7 system. This is a procedure-oriented document. Read
this document in conjunction with the Management Data Guide in order to
look-up configuration and management related details while following the
procedures in the User Guide. For more detailed guidance about the
mechanics of using a management tool to perform individual tasks, see the
Element Manager User Manual or the Craft/Web Console User Manual.
Management Data Guide
This document contains all provisionable, configurable, and read-only
parameters for each module, as well as performance counters and alarms.
This is a useful look-up reference both when planning and engineering a
network and while following the procedures in the User Guide.
•
OTDR Installation, Provisioning and Operations Manual
This document covers installation, provisioning, operations, troubleshooting, and maintenance of the OTDR unit.
Working with Management Tools
•
Craft/Web Console User Manual
This document is useful if you need more guidance in using the Craft or
Web Console than the User Guide offers. Notice however that it is the User
Guide that guides you to operate the FSP 3000R7. The Craft/Web Console
User Manual helps you with the mechanics of using the tool to perform individual tasks on the FSP 3000R7. This is a procedural document.
•
TL-1 User Manual
This document describes the TL-1 commands available to provision, configure, operate and monitor the FSP 3000R7.
Troubleshooting
•
Troubleshooting Guide
This document describes how to troubleshoot the FSP 3000R7 hardware
and software.
18
User Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
•
•
TL-1 Maintenance and Troubleshooting Manual
This document describes how to troubleshoot the FSP 3000R7 when managing it via TL-1.
•
OTDR Installation, Provisioning, and Operations Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
This document covers installation, provisioning, operations, troubleshooting, and maintenance of the OTDR unit.
User Manual
19
20
User Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Preface
The Preface gives general information for the effective use of the FSP 3000R7
Element Manager (Element Manager) User Manual.
This publication is provided "as is" without express or implied warranty for accuracy and completeness.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Purpose and Scope
The purpose of this user documentation is to describe how to install and use the
FSP 3000R7 Element Manager. For instructions on provisioning, configuring,
operating and monitoring FSP 3000R7 Network Elements, see the FSP 3000R7
Provisioning and Operations Manual. The FSP 3000R7 Element Manager User
Manual is a detailed guide to using the FSP 3000R7 Element Manager to complete the tasks described in the FSP 3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
From this point and on, the FSP 3000R7 Element Manager will be referred to as
the Element Manager.
Audience
This user documentation is written for personnel that, configure, operate, or
troubleshoot FSP 3000R7 Network Elements using the Element Manager. It
assumes that the personnel have a basic knowledge of the FSP 3000R7 product, and how it works.
Document Revision History
For an overview of the content of any one product release, please refer to the
Release Notes provided with your system.
Product
Release
Document
Number
Document
Version
Issue
Date
8.3
9.1
80000003745
80000007377
Issue B
Issue B
Mar 2009
Aug 2009
User Manual
Details of Issue
Small adjustments.
Updated description for Ethernet L2 facility
creations and scheduled database backup.
21
Organization
Document
Number
Document
Version
Issue
Date
9.2
9.3
80000008785
80000010471
Issue A
Issue C
Nov 2009
Jul 2010
9.4
10.1
10.2
10.2
80000012372
80000011744
80000013989
80000013989
Issue A
Issue A
Issue A
Issue B
Jun 2010
Sep 2010
Oct 2010
Dec 2010
10.2
80000013989
Issue C
Mar 2011
10.3
10.3
80000014705
80000014705
Issue A
Issue B
June 2011
Aug 2011
Details of Issue
Updated to cover new features in release.
Updated with information about application
file location.
Updated to cover new features in release.
Updated to cover new features in release.
Updated to cover new features in release.
Enhancements to descriptions of user
name/password case-insensitivity for
remote servers, use of IP header, and the
administrative state.
Updated to cover new features span
equalization, Ethernet linear protection,
and Ethernet OAM/CFM.
Updated to cover new features in release.
Enhancement to descriptions of viewing
Ethernet OAM entities, OSPF
configuration, and EM user account
password rules.
Organization
This user documentation is organized in three main parts.
Part One
This part describes how the Element Manager works, and how to use the tools
that it provides. This part consists of these sections:
Chapter 1: Getting Started
This section describes how to get started using the Element Manager. This
includes installing the Element Manager and initializing it for management of the
relevant Network Elements.
Chapter 2: Basics of the Element Manager
This section gives an introduction to the Element Manager, by providing a general description of it, the main features it offers, its architecture and how it operates.
Part Two
This part describes how to use the Element Manager to carry out commands
that are necessary when following the FSP 3000R7 ’s procedures for commissioning, configuring and monitoring FSP 3000R7 Network Elements. This part
consists of these sections:
Chapter 3: Provisioning NEs
22
User Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Product
Release
This section gives an introduction to provisioning of the FSP 3000R7. It contains
instructions for provisioning shelves, modules, pluggable transceivers, channels
and virtual channels to the internal database, by using the Element Manager.
Chapter 4: Configuring NEs
This section contains instructions on how to view the parameters that have been
configured for the equipment and facilities in an NE, and the instructions on how
to configure editable parameters for the NE.
Chapter 5: Monitoring NEs
This section describes how to monitor the equipment state, current conditions
(for example, faults), events, performance and physical layer measurements.
Chapter 6: Maintaining NEs
This section contains instructions on how to maintain software on Network Elements as well as how to back-up and restore the Network Element configurations in the internal database.
Part Three
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
This part is the Appendix where you will find additional useful information about
communication ports and different states for the network element. This part consists of the following sections:
Chapter A: Communication Port Overview
This section gives an overview over ports used for communication between the
Element Manager and Network Elements.
Chapter B: Description of States
This section gives the description of all states the network elements can have.
Chapter C: RADIUS Authentication Setup
This section describes how to setup the Element Manager to use RADIUS
authentication.
Chapter D: Configuring a RADIUS Server
This section describes how to configure a RADIUS server, for the free RADIUS
server application FreeRADIUS.
Additional Supporting Documents
Management Data Guide
User Manual
23
Document Conventions
All entities are characterized by a number of parameters, or attributes. The Management Data Guide lists all attributes that may be displayed on the Config, Info
and Fault pages in the management tools Craft Console, Web Console and EM.
Thus, the procedures in the Element Manager User Manual do not always
explain the attributes you can select for the fields, instead you are referred to the
Management Data Guide.
The parameters in the Management Data Guide are organized per module type.
For equipment and facilities there are tables containing parameters, faults and
performance information.
This document is available as a PDF, accessible via the Element Manager help
menu, or on the World Wide Web via your partner login at:
http://www.advaoptical.com/
Document Conventions
This section lists the common typographical and symbol use for FSP 3000R7
documents.
The documentation follows these typographic conventions:
Convention
Description
boldface font
Indicates keywords and emphasized words when
appearing in main text areas. All warnings are in
boldface font.
Indicates a reference to a chapter, section, figure,
table or related documentation when appearing in
main text areas.
Refers to the keys on your keyboard, e.g. ENTER
marked 
Courier font is used to identify words that can be
read from or typed into the command line interface.
Elements in square brackets are optional.
Alternative elements are separated by a vertical
bar.
The symbol ^ represents the key labeled Control for example, the key combination ^D means that
you have to hold down the Control key while you
press the D key.
blue font
CAPITALIZED font
courier
[]
|
^
24
User Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Typographic Conventions
Convention
Description
< >
References are enclosed in angle brackets, for
example:
<Esc> The escape key, marked Esc
<Enter> The Enter key, marked 
<username> This reference, including the angle
brackets, is replaced by the appropriate user name.
Nonprinting characters, such as passwords.
Double inverted commas are used to enclose
quoted text.
Used in bulleted list of items where the sequence of
items is not relevant.
These numbering styles are used in lists of items
where the sequence of items is relevant, e.g. the
steps listed in a procedure
Are used to point to table footnotes. The markers in
the text are arranged as continuous superscript
numbers. Footnote text (in smaller typeface) is
placed at the bottom of a table and starts with a
superscript number.
Refers you to additional information.
““
•
(bullet symbol)
1., 2., 3. ...or a., b., c.
...
* or 1, 2 etc.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
->
User Manual
25
Document Conventions
Safety Symbol and Message Conventions
The safety alert symbols with the appropriate signal words and the note signs
below are used throughout this documentation to identify warnings, cautions
and notes.
WARNING
This symbol accompanies any instruction that draws attention to the
risks caused by electricity. These risks could result in death or serious
injury if the instruction is ignored or not followed correctly.
This symbol accompanies any instruction that draws attention to a
potentially hazardous situation/condition. This situation/condition,
may result in minor or moderate injury, if the instruction is ignored or
CAUTION not followed correctly.
This symbol accompanies any instruction that draws attention to the
possibility of equipment damage due to electrostatic discharge (ESD).
Damage can occur, if the ESD-prevention instructions are ignored or
not followed correctly.
NOTICE
This symbol accompanies any instruction that draws
attention to the risk of equipment damage, malfunction,
process interruption or negative impacts on surroundings.
These events can occur, if the instruction is ignored or not
followed correctly.
A symbol that draws attention to the necessity and importance of
carefully reading all instructions before any installation or operation
takes place. Failure to do so may result in personal injury or damage
to equipment.
This symbol accompanies any instruction that draws attention to the
proper disposal of waste electrical or electronic equipment and its
components. Disregard of the instruction can threaten the
environment.
PS
This symbol accompanies any statement supplemental information or
helpful recommendation that should be observed.
Note
26
User Manual
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
CAUTION
This symbol accompanies any instruction that draws attention to the
risk of possible laser radiation. This risk may result in serious eye
injury, if the instruction is ignored or not followed correctly.
Obtaining Documentation
World Wide Web
You can access the most current ADVA Optical Networking documentation on
the World Wide Web via the Customer Portal at:
http://www.advaoptical.com/
Ordering Documentation
ADVA Optical Networking customers can order the Element Manager documentation set and additional literature through a local ADVA Optical Networking
sales representative. For more current product release information, please refer
to ADVA Optical Networking’s home page, or contact ADVA Optical Networking’s Technical Services. See Obtaining Technical Assistance and Contact
ADVA Optical Networking for contact details.
Documentation Feedback
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
We want our Element Manager documentation to be as helpful as possible.
Feedback regarding the guide is therefore always welcome.
You can e-mail your comments/suggestions to:
global-techdocu@advaoptical.com
To submit your comments/suggestions by mail, use the following address:
ADVA AG Optical Networking
Technical Documentation
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We appreciate and value your comments/suggestions to improve the quality of
the guide.
Obtaining Technical Assistance
Product Maintenance Agreements and other customer assistance agreements
are available for ADVA Optical Networking products through your ADVA Optical
Networking distribution channel. Our service options include:
User Manual
•
24 x 7 telephone support
•
Web-based support tools
•
On-site support
•
Technical training, both on-site and at ADVA facilities in Germany and the
USA
•
Expedited repair service
27
Obtaining Technical Assistance
•
Extended hardware warranty service
Customer Portal
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The broad range of features and services provided by the portal help customers
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Through the customer login, you will find information tailored especially for you,
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Access the Customer Portal via the ADVA Optical Networking home page at:
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E-mail questions regarding the Customer Login to:
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Technical services are available to warranty or maintenance contract customers
who need technical assistance with a product from ADVA Optical Networking
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To contact ADVA Optical Networking by E-mail, use one of the following
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28
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FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Technical Support
Contact ADVA Optical Networking
ADVA Optical Networking Europe, Middle East and Africa
Martinsried/Munich, Germany,
+49 (0)89 89 06 65 0
info@advaoptical.com
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+1 687 728 8600
info@advaoptical.com
ADVA Optical Networking Asia
Shenzhen, China,
+86 755 8621 7400
info@advaoptical.com
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
www.advaoptical.com
User Manual
29
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Contact ADVA Optical Networking
30
User Manual
Chapter 1
Getting Started
This section describes how to get started using the Element Manager. This
includes installing the Element Manager and initializing it for management of the
relevant Network Elements
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The Element Manager can be started as a standalone application or as an integrated application.
In integrated mode the Element Manager manages only one NE and is
launched by the FSP Network Manager (FSP NM) or some other Network Management System.
In standalone mode the Element Manager can manage multiple NEs. This section describes how to get started using Element Manager in standalone mode.
The following topics are provided:
Installing the Element Manager, which describes how to install the Element
Manager on the management computer.
Starting the Element Manager, which describes how to start the Element Manager.
Initializing the Element Manager, which describes how to initialize the Element
Manager so you are ready to manage Network Elements.
Installing the Element Manager
This section describes how to install the Element Manager on your management computer.
You can install the Element Manager under the following operating systems:
•
MS Windows XP / MS Windows 7
•
Solaris 10
For both operating systems the system requirement are:
•
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Screen resolution minimum: 800 * 600
31
Installing the Element Manager
•
Free HD capacity: 500 MB
•
2 GHz Pentium Processor
•
1 GB RAM
The following supporting topics are provided:
“How to Install on a Windows Platform” on p. 32
“How to Install on a Solaris Platform” on p. 33
“How to Uninstall” on p. 33
“How to Upgrade on a Windows Platform” on p. 34
How to Install on a Windows Platform
This instruction describes how to install the Element Manager on a Windows
platform for the first time. A description of this can also be found in the release
notes for the Element Manager.
The Element Manager stores application data as files on the file system. Up to
version 9.3.2 the files were stored in the installation directory. From version
9.3.3 and onwards the files are stored in an application data area, in the
%ALLUSERSPROFILE%\FSP 3000R7 Element Manager folder. The ALLUSERSPROFILE environment variable is:
•
C:\Documents and Settings\All Users on Windows XP
•
C:\ProgramData on Windows 7
Requirements
•
Ensure that you have administrator/power user rights for the computer you
want to install Element Manager on.
•
No previous version of the Element Manager should be installed on the
computer.
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Ensure that the computer fulfils the system requirements.
Start the installation program
FSP_3000R7_Element_Manager_v10_3_x_for_Windows.exe
In response an installation wizard will open.
Step 3
Follow the instructions from the installation wizard until it is completed.
Step 4
Start the Element Manager, as described in “Starting the Element
Manager” on p. 35.
In response, the License window will display.
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If you wish to install an upgrade, read “How to Upgrade on a Windows Platform”
on p. 34 instead.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Step 5
Enter the license name and license key into the License window and
select OK.
You shall have received the license information together with the executable file and release notes.
Step 6
Ensure that the user(s) of the installed Element Manager have write
permission to the application data folder
%ALLUSERSPROFILE%\FSP 3000R7 Element Manager.
End of Procedure
How to Install on a Solaris Platform
This instruction describes how to install the Element Manager on a Solaris platform. A description of this can also be found in the release notes for the Element
Manager.
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Procedure
Step 1
Ensure that you have administrator/power user rights for the computer you want to install Element Manager on.
Step 2
Ensure that the computer fulfils the system requirements.
Step 3
Uninstall any previous version of the FSP 3000R7 Element Manager
Step 4
Copy the installation tar file to a directory on your local hard drive.
Step 5
Become root, using the command su-
Step 6
Untar the archive, using the command tar xf <tar file>
Step 7
Start the installation script, using the command ./install
In response instructions will be displayed on the screen.
Step 8
Follow all the installation instructions displayed on the screen.
Step 9
Start the Element Manager in the background, as described in “Starting the Element Manager” on p. 35.
Step 10
Enter a valid license key.
You shall have received the license information together with the executable file and release notes.
End of Procedure
How to Uninstall
This section gives necessary information to uninstall the Element Manager on
either system platform.
•
User Manual
In order to uninstall Element Manager on a Windows platform, use
Add/Remove Programs in the Control Panel.
33
Installing the Element Manager
•
In order to uninstall Element Manager on a Solaris platform, remove the
installation directory with the rm -r command.
How to Upgrade on a Windows Platform
This instruction describes how to upgrade an Element Manager installation on a
Windows platform.
Procedure
Step 1
If you are upgrading from an Element Manager version prior to R9.3.3
to R9.3.3 or higher, back up the files containing the user accounts and
license. Do as follows:
a) Use Windows Explorer or similar to navigate to sub-folder dat in
the Element Manager installation folder.
This is typically C:\Program Files\ADVA Optical Networking\FSP
3000R7 Element Manager.
Step 2
Un-install your current Element Manager version as described in
“How to Uninstall” on p. 33.
Step 3
Install the new Element Manager version as described in “How to
Install on a Windows Platform” on p. 32.
Step 4
Edit any existing personal shortcuts to the previously installed Element Manager version so they point to the newly installed Element
Manager version.
During the un-installation and installation in the previous steps any
existing personal shortcuts were handled as follows:
•
•
The un-installation process did not remove them.
The installation process did not update them.
If you do not edit such personal shortcuts, they may still work, but the
Element Manager will be started with parameters from the previous
installation. This means that the Element Manager may be started
with wrong memory settings.
Step 5
If you are upgrading from an Element Manager version prior to R9.3.3
to R9.3.3 or higher, copy the backed up files users.xml and em.lic to
the %ALLUSERSPROFILE%\FSP 3000R7 Element Manager \dat
folder. Say Yes to overwrite the existing files.
End of Procedure
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b) Copy the files users.xml and em.lic to a safe location.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Starting the Element Manager
This instruction describes how to start the Element Manager in standalone
mode.
Procedure
Step 1
If you are starting the Element Manager in Windows: Select Start ->
Programs -> FSP Element Manager 10_3_x -> FSP Element Manager.
Step 2
If you are starting the Element Manager in Unix:
Type /<install directory>/runEm &
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In response, the Logon dialog appears.
Step 3
Enter a user name and a password.
The default user account has administrator access rights, the user
name ADMIN and the password CHGME.1.
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Starting the Element Manager
Step 4
Select Logon to continue.
In response the Logon dialog displays information during the authentication period.
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After authentication has completed successfully, the Element Manager opens, displaying information about the Element Manager version, the user that is logged in, the user’s privilege level and the
authentication type that was used.
End of Procedure
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User Manual
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Initializing the Element Manager
This procedure describes what you must do in order to be ready to manage Network Elements with the Element Manager.
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Procedure
Step 1
Define which NEs you shall manage. How to do this is described in
“How to Add a Single IP Connection” on p. 39.
Step 2
Ensure that the NEs are set up to communicate with Element Manager. How to do this is described in “Accessing Trap Recipients” on
p. 53.
Step 3
Change the default user account and password. How to do this is
described in “How to Change Your Password” on p. 59.
Step 4
Define the users of the Element Manager. How to do this is described
in “How to Add a User Name” on p. 57.
Step 5
Back-up the Element Manager user files users.xml, nodes.xml, and
em.lic to a safe location.
These are the files containing your Element Manager user accounts,
your managed nodes and your Element Manager license. They will
allow you to easily re-install the Element Manager in case of a computer crash.
The files are typically located in one of these two locations:
•
•
Element Manager versions prior to R9.3.3: C:\Program
Files\ADVA Optical Networking\FSP 3000R7 Element Manager
Element Manager versions R9.3.3 or higher
%ALLUSERSPROFILE%\FSP 3000R7 Element Manager \dat
End of Procedure
The following supporting topics are provided:
Defining NEs to Manage
Accessing Trap Recipients
Working with Element Manager User Accounts
Defining NEs to Manage
This section describes how to define which NEs the Element Manager shall
manage. It also describes how to enter parameters for the connection to these
NEs, how to modify these parameters and how to delete a connection to an NE.
You may add a number of NEs to the list of managed elements without activating them for management. Only the NEs that you activate are selectable for
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Initializing the Element Manager
management via the Managed Element pane. This allows you to keep a long list
of NEs, without needing to connect to other ones than the ones you wish to
manage at the moment. When the number of activated NEs is large, this results
in a high memory consumption. Reducing the number of activated NEs reduces
the memory consumption.
When the memory consumption passes 90% of the memory allocated to the
Element Manager, a warning window appears. The window will provide guidance on recovering from this situation. A warning message will also appear in
the Response Log, and the Status bar memory indicator will turn red.
There are two ways to add IP connections in the Element Manager. Either by
adding a specific, known IP address or by letting the Element Manager discover
all NEs in an address range. The latter is practical if you need to add several
NEs.
The NEs send traps using the NE’s system IP address as the trap sender identity. The Element Manager disregards traps with sender identities that do not
match any of the NEs that it is connected to. Therefore, the Element Manager
must connect to NEs using the NEs system IP addresses.
The following topics are provided:
“How to Add a Single IP Connection” on p. 39
“How to Discover all NEs in an IP Address Range” on p. 43
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“How to Export and Import the Managed Elements List” on p. 46
“How to Modify IP Connections” on p. 51
“How to Delete IP Connections” on p. 52
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User Manual
Chapter 1 Getting Started
How to Add a Single IP Connection
This instruction describes how to add a single Network Element to the Element
Manager’s list of managed elements.
It is also possible to add new IP connections by selecting the Add button in the
Managed Elements window. To open the Managed Elements window, see “How
to Modify IP Connections” on p. 51.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Main Menu select File -> New.
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In response, the Add Managed Element window appears.
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Initializing the Element Manager
Step 2
Enter the relevant SNMP parameters for the new managed Network
Element in the SNMP Parameters section. Do as follows:
a) Enter the system IP address of the NE you want to connect to in
the IP Address field. The system IP address is the loop-back IP
address for the NE, and is used as the SNMP trap sender
address, the OSPF router ID, and for ring group switching.
Ensure that the IP address you enter is not a broadcast or subnet
address.
b) Enter the UDP port number that the NE Software (SNMP agent)
occupies for communicating with the Element Manager, in the
Port field. This is by default 161.
d) Enter the maximum number of times the Element Manager shall
retry sending a message, in the Retry field. If no response is
recevied after this number of retries, the network element concludes that the NE is not responding.
Normally the default value for this item is adequate. However, in
heavily loaded networks, the number of retries should be
increased to ensure that contact with the NE is not lost. If you do
increase the number of retries, you should also increase the polling interval value to reduce the total load on the network.
e) Use the Polling Status drop-down list to specify whether Element
Manager shall poll the NE or not. The Element Manager polling
mechanism only checks whether the SNMP Agent responds to
“Get” requests.
f)
Step 3
40
Enter the number of seconds there shall be between subsequent
polling requests, in the Polling Interval field.
Normally the default value for this item is adequate. However, in
heavily loaded networks, the polling interval value should be
increased to reduce the total load on the network. This value must
be larger than the timeout value.
Use the radio buttons in the SNMP Access section to specify how the
Element Manager shall access the NE’s SNMP agent.
• If you select SNMPv1, Element Manager will use SNMPv1 settings when accessing the NE. Go to Step 4 and configure these
settings.
• If you select SNMPv3, Element Manager will use SNMPv3 settings when accessing the NE. Go to Step 7 and configure these
settings.
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c) Enter the number of seconds the Element Manager shall wait for
a response after sending a message to the NE, in the Timeout
field. If no response is received after this number of seconds, the
Element Manager sends the message again. This value must be
less than the polling interval value.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Step 4
If you previously specified use of SNMPv1: The SNMPv1 Access section will appear in the Add Managed Element window.
Step 5
Enter the relevant SNMP parameters for the new managed Network
Element in the SNMPv1 Access section. Do as follows:
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a) Enter the community string the Element Manager shall use when
sending SNMP Get requests to the NE, in the Read Community
field.
b) Enter the community string the Element Manager shall use when
sending SNMP Set requests to the NE, in the Write Community
field.
User Manual
Step 6
Continue from Step 9.
Step 7
If you previously specified use of SNMPv3: The SNMPv3 Access section will appear in the Add Managed Element window.
41
Initializing the Element Manager
Step 8
Enter the relevant SNMP parameters for the new managed Network
Element in the SNMPv3 Access section. Do as follows:
a) Enter the user name the Element Manager shall use when sending SNMP Get and Set requests to the NE, in the User field.
b) Select the security level, using the Security Level drop-down list.
The following options are available:
• No Auth No Priv, this means that authentication and encryption will not be performed.
• Auth No Priv, this means that authentication will be performed, but no encryption.
• Auth Priv, this means that authentication and encryption will
be performed.
c) If you selected Auth No Priv or Auth Priv, previously: The authentication type that will be used is MD5. Enter the authentication
password in the Authentication Password field.
Step 9
Select OK to finish adding NEs or Cancel to abort.
Step 10
If you want to activate the new NE for management now: Do as follows:
a) Select the NE from the list of NEs in the Managed Elements window.
b) Select the Activate button.
In response the NE’s activated state will be indicated by in the
Managed Elements window and the NE will appear in the Managed
Elements pane.
End of Procedure
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d) If you selected Auth Priv previously: The privacy type that will be
used is AES 128. Enter the privacy password in the Privacy Password field.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
How to Discover all NEs in an IP Address Range
This instruction describes how to discover all NEs in a specific IP address range
and add selected NEs to the Element Manager’s list of managed elements.
Only NEs running SNMPv1 are discovered, and only NEs communicating over
SNMPv1 can be added this way. To add NEs running SNMPv3, see “How to
Add a Single IP Connection” on p. 39.
Procedure
Step 1
Select Configuration -> Managed Elements.
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In response, the Managed Elements window opens.
The left pane lists any existing IP connections. The right pane displays SNMP settings and polling details (on separate tabs) for the
selected NE IP address. Each IP connection is configured individually.
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Initializing the Element Manager
Step 2
Select the
button, and the menu option Discovery.
Step 3
In the Discovery Configuration section, specify the address range by
entering information in the Start Address and End Address fields. The
maximum range is 255 addresses.
Step 4
In the SNMP Configuration section, specify the parameters that Element Manager shall use when contacting the IP addresses specified
above. Do as follows:
a) Enter the NE port that Element Manager shall use when contacting potential NEs, in the Port field.
b) The discovery process will only be able to contact NEs that actually use this port.Enter the number of seconds the Element Manager shall wait for a response after sending a message to the
potential NE IP addresses, in the Timeout field. If no response is
received, the Element Manager sends the message again. The
maximum value accepted is 60 seconds. This parameter directly
influences how long time the discovery process will take.
c) Enter the maximum number of times the Element Manager shall
retry sending a message to the potential NE IP addresses, in the
Retries field. The maximum number of retries is 3. This parameter
directly influences how long time the discovery process will take.
d) Enter the community string the Element Manager shall use when
sending SNMP Get requests to the potential NE IP addresses, in
the Read Community field. The discovery process will only be able
to contact NEs that also use this community string.
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In response, the Discovery window appears.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Step 5
Start the discovery process, by selecting the Start button.
In response, the Element Manager will search the specified address
range for NEs. Progress is indicated by a percentage below the table.
As soon as a NE is discovered, its IP address, name and description
are displayed in the table in the lower part of the Discovery window. If
you wish to terminate the discovery before it is finished, close the Dis-
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
covery window by clicking the
button.
Step 6
From the table of discovered NEs, select the NE that you wish to
monitor and configure via the Element Manager. It is possible to
select several NEs by <Shift> or <Ctrl> clicking. You can perform this
step before the discovery process is entirely completed.
Step 7
Select the Add Selected button.
Specify the SNMP parameters to use for the selected IP addresses.
Each of these parameters are described in “How to Add a Single IP
Connection” on p. 39. The Port and Read Community parameters have
already been found to work during the discovery process. If you
change these, Element Manager will not be able to contact the NE(s).
Step 8
Step 9
Select OK to apply the settings or Cancel to abort addition of the
selected IP addresses.
The added IP addresses are now displayed in the table of the Managed Elements window.
End of Procedure
User Manual
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Initializing the Element Manager
How to Export and Import the Managed Elements
List
This section describes how to export and import the list of managed elements.
This allows one user to share his/her list of managed NEs with one or more
other users.
The following instructions are provided
Exporting the list
Importing the list
Exporting the list
Procedure
Step 1
Select Configuration -> Managed Elements.
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In response, the Managed Elements window opens.
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Chapter 1 Getting Started
Step 2
Select the
button, and the menu option Export.
In response, the Export Managed Elements window appears.
Step 3
Enter a new file name and file location into the relevant fields and
select Save.
Make a note of where you save the file so you can find it later.
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End of Procedure
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Initializing the Element Manager
Importing the list
Procedure
Step 1
Select Configuration -> Managed Elements.
Step 2
Select the
button, and the menu option Import.
In response, the Import Managed Elements wizard appears.
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In response, the Managed Elements window opens.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Step 3
Select Browse to specify the location of the file you wish to import.
In response the Import Managed Elements wizard content changes.
Step 4
Navigate to the file location and select the relevant file.
Step 5
Select Open.
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In response the Import Managed Elements wizard content changes.
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Initializing the Element Manager
Step 6
Select Next to continue.
In response the Import Managed Elements wizard content changes.
Step 7
Specify which NEs you want to import by placing a check mark in the
Import column.
Step 8
Select Finish to continue, or Cancel to cancel the import.
50
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End of Procedure
User Manual
Chapter 1 Getting Started
How to Modify IP Connections
This instruction describes how to modify the connection settings for a managed
NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Select Configuration -> Managed Elements.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
In response, the Managed Elements window opens.
The left pane lists all existing IP connections. The right pane displays
SNMP settings and polling details for each selected NE IP address.
Each IP connection is configured individually.
Step 2
Specify whether NEs supporting SNMPv1, SNMPv3 or both SNMPv1
and SNMPv3 shall be displayed in the left pane. Use the corresponding radio buttons above the left pane.
Step 3
Select an IP connection in the left pane.
In response the SNMP settings and polling details for this NE are displayed in the right pane.
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Initializing the Element Manager
Step 4
Select Modify.
In response, the Modify Settings window appears.
Step 5
Modify each field as necessary. The fields are described in “How to
Add a Single IP Connection” on p. 39.
Step 6
Select OK to complete the modifications.
Step 7
Select Close to finish your work with IP connections.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
End of Procedure
How to Delete IP Connections
This instruction describes how to stop managing a NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE that you wish to delete the connection to.
Step 2
Select File -> Delete from the Main Menu
Step 3
Select OK to complete or Cancel to abort deletion.
End of Procedure
52
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Chapter 1 Getting Started
Accessing Trap Recipients
This instruction describes how to enter the management computer, or another
computer, into an NE’s trap recipients table. The NE will send traps to the IP
addresses registered in the trap recipients table.
However, the Element Manager discards received traps that do not have a
sender identity that it can find in its Managed Elements table. The NE uses its
system IP address as sender identification, so if an NE is not added to the Managed Elements table with its system IP address, then traps from that NE will not
be registered by the Element Manager.
The Element Manager polls the NE regularly and reads traps from it, so the Element Manager will be kept up to date, even if it does not receive the traps when
they are sent. However, the poll interval could be long, for example in order to
reduce network traffic.
FSP 3000R7 allows a maximum of ten IP addresses to be entered into an NE
trap recipients table.
The following supporting topics are provided:
“The Add Trap Recipient Window” on p. 55
“The Modify Trap Recipient Window” on p. 56
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“The Delete Trap Recipient Window” on p. 56
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Initializing the Element Manager
Procedure
Step 1
Select an NE and then select Configuration -> Trap Recipients from the
Main Menu. Alternatively click the
button.
The title bar of the dialog window shows the name of the NE. The dialog window contains a table with three columns:
Column Name
Description
Address
Displays the IP addresses of the computers that
are already in the NE’s trap recipients table.
Displays the UDP port number that the NE sends
traps through. By default this is UDP port 162.
This column has a different name depending on
which SNMP version you have selected. For
SNMPv1 this is called Community and displays the
community string in the SNMP traps to this trap
destination. For SNMPv3 this column is called
User Name.
Port
Community /
User Name
Step 2
Activate use of either SNMP version 1 or version 3 traps, by selecting
the SNMPv1 or SNMPv3 radio buttons.
Step 3
Enter the management computer running the Element Manager by
selecting the Add <management computer IP address> button. See
“The Add Trap Recipient Window” on p. 55.
Step 4
Enter any relevant IP address by using the command buttons Add,
Modify and Delete as appropriate and as described in “The Modify
Trap Recipient Window” on p. 56 and “The Delete Trap Recipient
Window” on p. 56.
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In response, the Trap Recipients window appears.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Step 5
Select Refresh to update the information in the trap recipients table or
select Close to finish working with the trap recipients table.
End of Procedure
The Add Trap Recipient Window
This instruction describes how to enter information when adding an IP address
to a NE’s trap recipients table. This instruction assumes that you have already
opened the Trap Recipients window.
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Procedure
Step 1
Select the Add button or Add <management computer IP address> button.
Step 2
In the Address field, enter the IP address of the computer you wish to
add to the trap recipient table.
Step 3
Suggested value for Port is displayed, modify this as needed.
Step 4
In the Version drop-down list, select SNMPv1 or SNMPv3. You should
only choose SNMPv3 if SNMPv3 is used for the NE.
Step 5
The last field depends on which SNMP version you have selected.
• For SNMPv1, set a value for Community. The community you
enter here, has to be identical to the community that is used for
the NE.
• For SNMPv3, set a value for User Name. The user name you
enter here, has to be identical to the user name that is used for
the NE.
Step 6
Select OK to apply or Cancel to abort.
End of Procedure
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Initializing the Element Manager
The Modify Trap Recipient Window
This instruction describes how to modify a NE’s trap table entry. This instruction
assumes that you have already opened the Trap Recipients window.
Procedure
Step 1
Select an entry in the trap recipients table.
Step 2
Select Modify.
You may now modify the community string settings.
Select OK to apply or Cancel to abort.
End of Procedure
The Delete Trap Recipient Window
This instruction describes how to delete an entry in an NE’s trap table. This
instruction assumes that you have already opened the Trap Recipients window.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant IP address in the trap recipients table (you may
delete any IP address).
Step 2
Select Delete.
Step 3
Select Yes to delete or No to abort.
End of Procedure
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Step 3
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Working with Element Manager User Accounts
Here you will find information about administering User Accounts in the FSP
3000R7 Element Manager, with the following topics:
“How to Change Your Password” on p. 59
“How to Change Other Users’ Passwords” on p. 59
“How to Add a User Name” on p. 57
“How to Delete a User Name” on p. 58
How to Add a User Name
A user with Administrator level user may add or delete user names for the Element Manager.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Main Menu select Security -> User Manager.
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In response, the User Manager window appears.
The Current user section displays information about the user who is
currently logged in, and which authentication was used when logging
in.
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Initializing the Element Manager
Select the Add button.
Field Name
Description
User Name
Enter the user’s identity in the Element Manager,
the user name must have minimum 2 characters.
Enter an initial password. This may be changed
later by the actual user, upon his/her first logon.
See “About Security” on p. 77 for information on
requirements to the password.
Retype the password to confirm spelling.
Select the security level for the new user. This
level can be Monitor, Operator or Administrator. By
default Monitor is selected when you open this
window. Upon initial logon to the Element
Manager, Administrator is the security level for the
first user.
Password
Retype Password
Security Level
Step 3
Select OK to finish or Cancel to abort.
End of Procedure
How to Delete a User Name
A user with Administrator level may delete user names for the Element Manager. This is sometimes necessary, e.g. when a user has forgotten his/her password. Any user who no longer is granted access to the Element Manager should
also have his/her user name deleted.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Main Menu select Security -> User Manager.
In response, the User Manager window appears.
Step 2
Select the user name to delete.
Step 3
Select Delete.
Select Yes in the Confirmation window.
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Step 2
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Step 4
Select Close to finish.
End of Procedure
How to Change Other Users’ Passwords
It is not possible for a user with Administrator level to change passwords for
other user names directly. Instead the administrator must delete the particular
user name and add it again with a new password.
How to Change Your Password
All users should periodically change his/her password to prevent unauthorized
access to the Element Manager.
Procedure
Step 1
Do one of the following:
• From the Main Menu select Security -> Change Password, or
• From the Main Menu select Security -> User Manager and then
select Change Password.
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In response the Change Password window opens.
Step 2
Enter your present password to prove your identification, then enter
your new password, and retype it.
Step 3
Select Change to apply the changes.
End of Procedure
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Initializing the Element Manager
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User Manual
Chapter 2
Basics of the Element Manager
This section gives an introduction to the Element Manager, by providing a general description of it, the main features it offers, its architecture and how it operates.
The following topics are provided:
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Overview, which describes briefly how the Element Manager works, the features
it offers and how it communicates with the NEs.
About the Graphical User Interface, which describes the Element Manager’s
graphical user interface (GUI) in detail. It describes each component of the GUI,
which information it displays and how to customize the display.
About Communicating with NEs, which describes how the Element Manager
communicates with the NEs.
Getting Help, which describes how you get help when working with the Element
Manager.
About Security, which describes the security features for the Element Manager.
Overview
The Element Manager provides remote configuration and monitoring of one or
more SNMP Network Elements (NEs). The operator may manage NEs in a simple and intuitive way using the Element Manager point-and-click graphical user
interface.
Graphical components representing NEs, ports, power and fan may be selected
with the mouse. The appropriate management functions for a selected component are available in the Main Menu or the context sensitive popup menu. When
alarms occur, the graphical view gives an overview over these by outlining the
affected graphical component in color. This color reflects the most severe of all
current alarms of any of the underlying components.
The Element Manager can be used:
•
User Manual
As a standalone application.
61
Overview
•
Integrated with the FSP Network Manager or other Network Management
Systems (such as HP OpenView).
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is used. SNMP defines how
a network management system shall communicate with an NE.
Figure 1:
Overview of SNMP Communication
FSP Element
Manager
UDP port
Computer
Ethernet
NE 2
The Element Manager occupies a UDP (User Datagram Protocol) port for communication with NEs. All Element Manager views are updated immediately upon
receiving SNMP traps (event information) from NEs.
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NE 1
Chapter 2 Basics of the Element Manager
About the Graphical User Interface
The Graphical User Interface (GUI) has various areas as shown in the illustration below.
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Figure 2:
Managed
Example of Element Manager Main Screen
Information pane Parameter pane
Menu Bar
Status bar Entities pane
User Manual
Equipment pane
Response Log
63
About the Graphical User Interface
Each area is described in detail under the following topics:
“The Menu Bar” on p. 64
“The Toolbar” on p. 65
“The Network Element Pane” on p. 66
“The Information Pane” on p. 67
“Response Log” on p. 74
“Status Bar” on p. 75
The Menu Bar
The menu bar contains access to groups of related features via a submenu of
executable commands. Each command is started on selection. A dimmed command indicates that the command does not apply to the present situation or that
you need to make a selection or complete another action before choosing the
command. In response to a command, a related window with necessary information and controls related to the command will appear.
Context Sensitive Pop-up Menu
Context sensitive pop-up menus give quick access to frequently used commands. These menus pop up when you select an object and click the right
mouse button. Which commands are available in the present situation depends
on the object you have selected, e.g. a Network Element, shelf or a module.
Select a command by left-clicking, just as you would do from the Main Menu.
Unavailable commands are dimmed.
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Figure 3:
Chapter 2 Basics of the Element Manager
The Toolbar
The Toolbar is a fixed area at the main window's top edge. It contains a set of
tool buttons that give the operator quick access to commonly used commands.
The Toolbar is displayed or removed by selecting View -> Toolbar from the Main
Menu. By holding the mouse pointer over a button a ToolTip will appear with an
description of the action the button represents.
Figure 4:
Overview of Toolbar Icons
Displays the Equipment Window of the selected Network Element
Displays the User Manager
Change password for the present user
Add or remove Managed Elements
Updates stored management data of the selected NE
Shows the inventory list for the whole NE
Shows the list of current alarms of the selected NE or module
Displays the Event Log
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Displays the Cross Connections window
Configure trap recipients
Closes all open windows
Displays the previous open window
Displays the next open window
Displays the About dialog
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About the Graphical User Interface
The Network Element Pane
All NEs you have defined connections to are shown in this view, and are represented by symbols. Below each symbol one or more icons are displayed
together with the NE name or IP address. Together these symbols and icons
give information about the NE. This information in this view is continually
updated. The following symbols and icons are used in Network Element View:
Figure 5:
Overview of Network Element Pane Icons
This icon indicates that the NE operates normally.
This icon indicates that the connected NE is unknown to the Element Manager. This may for example be the case if the agent software on the NE is
not running.
This icon indicates that the Element Manager does not get any response
from the NE when it sends SNMP Get-Requests.
This icon indicates that no event messages are sent from the NE to the Element Manager. This occurs when the IP address of the computer running
the Element Manager has not been entered in the NE trap table. To enter
the NE trap table see “Accessing Trap Recipients” on p. 53.
This icon indicates that lost traps are detected. The Element Manager has
not been able to recover lost traps from the NE. This could be due to DCN
problems or a heavily loaded NE. It is recommended to resynchronize the
NE to make sure the management data is up to date. The icon is removed
when the NE is resynchronized.
The NE name shown is the sysName (according to RFC 1213) of the NE. If the
Element Manager cannot get the NE name information, it displays the IP
address of the NE instead. To toggle between display of the NE name and the
NE’s IP address, select View -> Name or View -> Address from the Main Menu.
NEs in the Network Element View are selected by pointing and clicking. When
an NE is selected, Element Manager indicates this by displaying an outline border on the NE symbol.
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This icon is always present and the color indicates the highest severity of
the present alarms on this NE. If no alarms are present, the icon is green.
For information about the alarm color coding, see Table 10.
Chapter 2 Basics of the Element Manager
The Information Pane
The Information pane consists of the Entities pane, the Parameter pane and the
Equipment pane.
To display information about an NE in the Information pane, double-click on the
NE in Network Element View. Alternatively you select the NE in Network Element pane and then select View -> Equipment from the Main Menu. In response
the Information pane will display all information about this NE on one page. You
may display information for several NEs, each will have one dedicated page in
the Information pane. Each page is selectable by a tab in the bottom of the Information pane.
To close the Information pane for one NE, right-click on that NE’s tab in the
Information pane and select Close. To close all presently open Information
panes, right-click on any NE’s tab in the Information pane and select Close All.
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Figure 6:
Example of the Information Pane, Default Layout
Figure 6 shows the standard layout of the Information pane. This layout can be
toggled in order to get a larger view of the Parameter pane, by sacrificing size of
the Entities pane. Use the Toggle Layout field of the Entities pane to do this.
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About the Graphical User Interface
Example of the Information Pane, Alternative Layout
The Entities pane, the Parameter pane and the Equipment pane are each
described under the following topics:
“The Entity Pane” on p. 68
“The Equipment Pane” on p. 72
“The Parameter Pane” on p. 73
The Entity Pane
The Entity pane consists of two tabs, the Tree tab and the Racks tab.
Descriptions of these tabs and the information contained in them are described
under the following topics:
“The Tree View” on p. 69
“The Racks View” on p. 70
“AID Names” on p. 71
“Entity Position” on p. 72
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Figure 7:
Chapter 2 Basics of the Element Manager
The Tree View
The Tree view of the Entities pane displays equipment and facilities in a hierarchical list. Figure shows an example of the Tree view.
Figure 8:
Element Manager Entity Pane, Tree View
click to toggle layout
click to collapse
indication of entity’s
operational state or
secondary state.
click to expand
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Use the list to select the entities that you wish to work with. In some cases, the
configuration of a module may not allow provisioning of a pluggable transceiver
for a port. If however a pluggable transceiver is physically in place, the Entities
pane will display the equipped pluggable transceiver in this list. This does not
indicate that it indeed can be provisioned.
In front of each entity, a colored condition ball indicates the current condition
with the highest severity that is present for that entity. The color code is
described in “Monitoring Faults” on p. 369. Each entity is identified by its Access
Identifier (AID) address and its type.
Figure 9:
Entity Identification Examples
AID name
entity position
Entity type
alarm ball
symbol for graphical identification of
the entity.
The AID address consists of the entity’s AID name and the position of the entity
in the system. AID names are described in Table 1 and entity positions in “Entity
Position” on p. 72. The entity type can for example be NCU, OTU or LANIP. For
an overview of AID names, see “AID Names” on p. 71, and for an overview of
the positions entities can have see “Entity Position” on p. 72.
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About the Graphical User Interface
The Racks View
The Racks view is a graphic representation of the shelves and racks of the Network Element.
Element Manager Entity Pane, Rack View
The view shows the position of the shelves in the racks. You can select the
shelves to see the related information in the Parameter and Equipment panes.
When a shelf is selected, it is grey.
The
symbols indicate alarms for the entities. The color and letter inside the
symbol indicate the severity of the alarm. The relationship between color, letter
and severity is shown in Table 10 and also explained in “The Equipment Pane”
on p. 72.
The view only shows the shelves that are positioned in racks. The Unplaced
shelfs drop down list contains shelves that are not yet positioned in the racks.
You can position an unplaced shelf in the following way:
1
Select the shelf in the Unplaced shelfs drop down list.
2
Select the Config tab in the Parameter pane.
3
Select the Modify button.
4
Set the appropriate values in the Modify window that appears.
The Racks view shows the order of the shelves from the bottom and up and
does not show any empty spaces between the shelves. The view is only used to
navigate to the shelves and see their position relative to each other. If you want
to change the position of the shelves in the racks, you must go to the Config tab
in the Parameter pane and select the Modify button.
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Figure 10:
Chapter 2 Basics of the Element Manager
AID Names
An overview of the main AID names that the system supports are listed in
Table 1. This table also shows the dependencies between entities. A CH (channel) entity is dependent on a MOD (module) or PL (SFP Transceiver) entity.
Thus, the MOD or PL entities support the CH entity.
Table 1:
Supporting
Entity AID
name
Dependent
Entity AID
name
NE
SHELF
FCU
MOD
FAN
PL
CH
OM
SC
SHELF
MOD
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Entity AID Name Examples
PL
CH
OM
VCH
LINK
User Manual
LINK
CRS-DCN
LAN
SH
IP
TIFI
TIFO
CH
SH
VCH
SDCC
LDCC
PDCC
GCC0
GCC1
GCC2
FFP_CH
FFP-OM
STS1
VC4
VC3
CRS-DCN
Description
Equipment. All shelves.
Equipment. Fan control unit.
Equipment. All modules.
Equipment. Fan assembly.
Equipment. SFP Transceiver (plug)
Facility. Channel on the client or network port that carries the service(s).
Facility. Optical multiplexed facility that carries the multiplexed signal.
DCN Facility. Supervisory channel. For example of type E100Fx or
LANIP.
DCN facility. For example of type PPP IP, serial or USB interface.
DCN Facility, DCN cross-connect between DCN facilities.
DCN facility. Group of SC entities. For example of type LANIP.
Facility. Internal communication between shelves.
Facility. Broadcast IP
Facility. External input.
Facility. External output.
Facility. Channel on the client or network port that carries the service(s).
Facility. Internal communication between shelves.
Facility. Virtual channel that models an intermediate mapping of
facilities into a higher layer signal container
DCN facility. SONET Section DCC.
DCN facility. SONET Line DCC.
DCN facility. SONET Path DCC.
DCN facility. OTU GCC0.
DCN facility. ODU GCC1.
DCN facility. ODU GCC2.
Facility. Protection group for channels.
Facility. Protection group for optical multiplex signal.
Facility sub-level. Higher layer signal container.
Facility sub-level. Higher layer signal container.
Facility sub-level. Higher layer signal container.
DCN Facility, DCN cross-connect
71
About the Graphical User Interface
Entity Position
The entity’s position in the Network Element is indicated by the shelf, slot, port
and instance numbers. The syntax depends on the AID name.
For MOD entities the syntax is <shelf #> - <slot #>.
For CH, SC, SDCC, LDCC, PDCC, GCC0, GCC1, GCC2 and EOC entities the
syntax is <shelf #> - <slot #> -<port>. Ports can be N, NW and NE for network
ports and C, C1.Cn for client side ports. NW indicates the West network port
while NE indicates the east network port.
For OM entities the syntax is <shelf #> - <slot #> -<port>. Ports can be:
•
N, NW, NE, 1NW, 1NE, 2NW and 2NE for network ports.
•
C, C1..Cn for client side ports.
•
U, UW, UE for upgrade ports.
For SH entities the syntax is <shelf #> - <slot #> -<port>. Ports can be:
•
U, D, and X for internal inter-shelf connections on the SCU card.
For VC4, VC3 AND STS1 entities the syntax is <shelf #> - <slot #> -<port>
<VC4 timeslot>|<VC4 timeslot> - <VC3 timeslot>|<STS1 timeslot>.
For LAN entities the syntax is <shelf #> - <slot #> -<instance>. Instance is
always 1.
The Equipment Pane
The Equipment pane is a graphical representation of the Network Element.
Shelves, fans and modules are selectable, and the Parameter pane will display
information for the selected entity here.
Figure 11:
Equipment Pane
If there are any alarms/conditions present for any of the managed components,
they are indicated by a
symbol over the managed component. Clicking on
the symbol leads to the Parameter pane displaying the State tab/list for that module. The color and a letter inside the
symbol indicate the severity of the
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For VCH entities the syntax is <shelf #> - <slot #> -<port> - <instance>.
Instance can be 1..n, where there are n client ports to which they may be allocated.
Chapter 2 Basics of the Element Manager
alarm. The relationship between color, letter and severity is shown in Table 10.
When several alarms/conditions are present:
•
The number indicates how many alarms/conditions of the highest severity
are present.
•
The color and letter of the most severe of these alarms/conditions are displayed.
•
When there are alarms/conditions present with different severities, this is
indicated by the “+“ sign.
The Parameter Pane
The Parameter pane is the main source of information in the Element Manager.
Upon selection of an entity in the Entities pane, the relevant parameters and
attributes describing this entity are displayed group-wise in the Entities pane.
Figure 12 shows the Parameter pane with tab view active.
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Figure 12:
Example of Parameter pane, Tab view
Tabs for selecting parameClick to toggle layout of
ter group to display
Parameter pane.
Click to modify editable parameters on
the visible page.
The following parameter groups, are used:
•
State
•
Fault
•
Config
•
Operation
•
Info
•
Monitoring
•
Inventory
However, the number of visible tabs varies according to the entity selected and
whether or not equipment is installed.
The parameter pane has two display options; a tab view and a list view. Each
parameter group is then displayed either on a separate tab, or in a separate list.
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About the Graphical User Interface
You can toggle between these two options, by selecting the Toggle Layout text.
The default Parameter pane view is the tab view.
Figure 13:
Parameter Pane, List View
Close Group
Click to display tab view
Open Group
This window presents information such as notifications related to user operations and occurring events on the connected NEs. The responses or results of
user operations appear as log entries. These entries can either be error messages indicating that the operation failed, or positive acknowledgements of successful operations. The window is displayed or removed by selecting View ->
Messages on the Main Menu. You can also remove the window by right-clicking
the Response Log and selecting Hide. You clear the presently displayed messages by right-clicking in the Response Log and selecting Clear All. You can
also clear all messages by selecting it in the Response Log, and then selecting
View -> Clear Messages. To print, or save the response log, right-click in the
Response Log and select Print or Save. The response log can be exported to
both the XML and CSV format. Opening an exported response log file requires
that the local regional settings for date and time on the computer you are using
are the same as were used when the XML/CSV file was created. Otherwise the
fault timestamps may be converted incorrectly. Date and time data is stored
internally in the XML/CSV file in the following format: yyyy-mm-dd and
hh:mm:ss:xxx, where xxx indicates three digits for milli-seconds.
Figure 14:
Column Name
Description
Type
Time
of log entry can be Information, Warning or Error.
shows the date and time at which the entry was
logged.
indicates the location where the operation was
performed or where the event took place.
tells you what happened.
Source
Description
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Response Log
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Response Log
Chapter 2 Basics of the Element Manager
Status Bar
The Status Bar is located at the bottom of the main window. It shows the most
severe alarm registered in the FSP3000R7. Also, when you point to a command
on a submenu, a short description of this command is displayed in the left end of
the Status Bar. The same applies when pointing to a tool button.
Upon start-up a certain amount of memory is allocated to the Element Manager.
This amount is displayed in the right side of the Status bar along with the currently used amount of memory. When the memory consumption is too high, the
Element Manager may freeze, or crash. Reducing the number of activated managed elements will help.
The icons used on the Status Bar are:
Figure 15:
Status Bar Icons
The color indicates the most severe present alarm present on the connected NEs using a standardized color scheme as described in
Table 10.
Indicates that UDP port 162, which the Element Manager listens to for
SNMP traps, is occupied. This is also indicated in the Message Log.
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Indicates the total memory allocated to Element Manager as
well as how much memory is currently used. If more than 90% of
the allocated memory is used, the bar will change color to red.
No more managed elements can be activated in this situation.
The command button for the Garbage collector.
In order to release memory, a Garbage Collector is provided. It runs automatically at regular intervals. You may also manually trigger the Garbage Collector,
if relevant:
•
Left-click the
symbol on the Status Bar. The Status Bar is displayed or
removed by selecting View -> Status Bar on the Main Menu.
When the Message Log shows “Error binding to Trap Port 162”, this is normally
due to another Element Manager already running. Closing one instance of the
Element Manager fixes the problem. See also Appendix A: Communication
Ports.
The following topics are provided:
“Displaying Several NE Information Panes Simultaneously” on p. 75
Displaying Several NE Information Panes
Simultaneously
Sometimes it is advantageous to view equipment for two or more NEs at the
same time. Element Manager allows you to “unplug” the Information panes from
the Element Manager main window so that you can position them as you wish
on your screen.
Right-click on the NE tab in Information pane and select Unplug. When you are
finished working with this Information pane, close it.
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About Communicating with NEs
About Communicating with NEs
The Element Manager manages each NE via SNMP. This connection carries
control, configuration and request messages from the management system to
the NEs and alarms, event and response messages from the NEs back to the
management system.
Figure 16:
Connections between NEs and Element Manager
FSP 3000 EM
UDP port
Computer
IP address
Ethernet
IP address
UDP port
NE SW (SNMP
Agent)
IP address
NE 2
UDP port
NE SW (SNMP
Agent)
Figure 16 illustrates necessary information for establishing IP connections
between the Element Manager and NEs. To communicate with the NEs, you
must enter their system IP addresses. When an IP connection to an NE is established, the Element Manager will automatically read management data from the
NE and display an icon for it in the NE View. Likewise, the icon is removed when
its corresponding IP connection is removed. The entered IP connections are
stored in a file and this file is read at the next start-up of the Element Manager.
Hence the IP addresses are available also after an upgrade of the Element
Manager.
NEs send information to the Element Manager in the form of SNMP traps, using
their system IP address as the sender identity. In order for an Element Manager
to continually receive SNMP traps from a NE, the NE must be entered into the
Element Manager with its system IP address, and the IP address of the computer running the Element Manager must be entered in the NE’s trap recipients
table. This table defines for the NE where to send traps to. If this IP address is
not in the NE’s trap recipients table, the trap information displayed by the Element Manager reflects the state of the NE at connection time. In this case you
can manually update this information. That may be satisfactory if you seldom
connect to this NE. The other management functions available from Element
Manager are not dependant on the trap recipients table entry and will hence
function normally.
The Element Manager checks its connections to NEs by polling. That is, the Element Manager periodically sends SNMP Get-requests to the NEs’ Software
(SNMP agent). The connection is lost if the Ethernet cable between the Element
Manager computer and the NE is removed, or if the NE Software does not
respond. If the connection to an NE is lost, a red cross is displayed on top of the
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NE 1
Chapter 2 Basics of the Element Manager
associated icon in the NE View. The Element Manager will continue to poll the
NE and will remove the red cross when the connection is re-established. Then
the Element Manager re-synchronizes itself with the NE to update the management data stored in the NE.
Getting Help
Open the Help window by selecting Help -> Help Topics from the Main Menu.
The left pane in the Help window contains the table of contents in a tree-fashioned list. This list may be expanded and collapsed. Select a section from the
list and the text will be displayed in the right pane. There are icons for setting up
the page layout and for printing the displayed section. The page layout is valid
for all sections.
About Security
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In order to avoid unauthorized access to the NEs, you must log on to the Element Manager.
Each Element Manager user has a unique name for identification and a password for authentication. Authentication will be done either against the local
password file, or by centralized authentication using Remote Authentication Dial
In User Service (RADIUS). If RADIUS authentication has been enabled for the
Element Manager, this authentication method is tried first (first priority), the local
password file is tried next.
Each user is assigned to a specific security level, defining the user's rights.
The following sections are provided:
“Security Levels” on p. 77
“Local Authentication” on p. 78
“Centralized Authentication” on p. 78
Security Levels
The following security levels are provided:
Administrator
Users with this security level have access rights to the entire functionality of the
Element Manager, including adding and deleting users from the Element Manager. Upon initial logon to the Element Manager this is the security level for the
default user.
Operator
Users with this security level have the same rights as the Administrator, with
exception of the commands to add or delete a user.
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About Security
Monitor
Users with this security level have the same rights as the Operator with exception of the commands to change settings on the NE.
Local Authentication
Initially, one user account is defined on the Element Manager. This is the user
name ADMIN with the password CHGME.1 and the security level Administrator.
The Administrator user can manage user accounts from the User Manager window, see “Working with Element Manager User Accounts” on p. 57.
PS
For security reasons the default password should be changed after
installation of the Element Manager.
Note
Password requirements:
•
The password must have minimum 6 characters
•
The password is not case-sensitive.
The Element Manager supports the Remote Authentication Dial In User Service
(RADIUS) protocol based on RFC2865 for centralized authentication. RADIUS
allows authentication of users by communicating with a central server using the
RADIUS protocol. The user profiles are maintained in a central database, and
RADIUS automatically recognizes the properties that are assigned to each
RADIUS user. Each user only needs one user name and one password for all
network elements. This makes RADIUS authentication a flexible authentication
method.
In combination with RADIUS authentication, the Element Manager uses one or
more SNMP access profiles when accessing the SNMP agents of the NEs that
are managed by the Element Manager.
Up to 3 RADIUS severs can be configured, and any RADIUS server application
can be used. If RADIUS authentication has been enabled, the Element Manager
will attempt to use the first listed RADIUS server for authentication. If this fails, it
will attempt to use the second and then third RADIUS server, if any have been
defined. It these too fail, the Element Manager will use the local password file.
This sequence of priority is not user-configurable.
In order to use RADIUS authentication and SNMP access profiles, the following
requirements must be met:
78
•
at least one RADIUS server is configured to support the Element Manager
•
the RADIUS server is reachable for the Element Manager
•
RADIUS user accounts with belonging passwords have been defined on the
RADIUS server
•
the Element Manager is enabled to use RADIUS authentication
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Centralized Authentication
Chapter 2 Basics of the Element Manager
•
one or more SNMP access profiles have been defined and installed on the
Element Manager
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The administrator of the NE management should ensure these requirements are
met for all users, see Appendix C: RADIUS Authentication Setup for instructions.
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About Security
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Chapter 3
Provisioning NEs
This section gives an introduction to provisioning of the FSP 3000R7. It contains
instructions for provisioning shelves, modules, pluggable transceivers, channels
and virtual channels to the internal database, by using the Element Manager.
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This section should be read in conjunction with the FSP3000R7 Provisioning
and Operations Manual, where the procedure for provisioning an FSP3000R7
Network Element is described.
The following topics are provided:
About Provisioning, which gives a basic understanding of the internal Network
Element database and provisioning.
Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually, which contains the instructions for
manually creating entities and protection.
How to Create Equipment/Facilities Automatically, which contains the instruction for enabling automatic provisioning for a Network Element.
Managing Encryption Modules, which contains the instructions for provisioning
encryption for the first time, and for adjusting and managing encryption.
Creating Protection Groups, which contains the instructions for creating protection groups.
Creating ADM and ROADM Cross Connections, which contains the instructions
for creating Add-Drop cross connections.
Creating Flow Points, Bridges, and Cross Connections, which contains the
instructions for creating Ethernet L2 flow points and flow cross connections.
Creating DCN Cross-Connections, which contains the instructions for creating
DCN cross connections.
How to Delete Equipment/Facilities Manually, which contains the instruction for
manually deleting entities.
Handling Network Element User Accounts, which contains the instructions for
adding and deleting user accounts on the Network Element.
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About Provisioning
About Provisioning
The basis for FSP3000R7 management, is the Network Element database. This
database is a virtual representation of the actual equipment and the facilities
that this equipment supports. Thus, this database reflects the actual equipment
and facilities present in the NE, or the equipment and facilities that are planned
for the NE.
The generic term that is used for equipment and facilities is entity. The database
recognizes each entity in an NE, by means of their Access Identifier (AID)
address and their entity type. Table 2 shows a few examples of AID addresses.
“The Equipment Pane” on p. 72 gives more details about AID addresses.
Example of AID addresses
AID address syntax
Module: MOD-<shelf#>-<slot#>
Plugs: PL-<shelf#>-<slot#>-<port#>
Optical Channel:
CH-<shelf#>-<slot#>-<port#>
AID address
example
MOD-1-3
PL-1-3-NE
CH-1-3-C1
Defining equipment and the facilities that they support, is called provisioning.
You provision each entity by creating it in the internal database, specifying the
relevant parameters for the entity in the process. You start by creating and configuring equipment: the shelf, the modules and any pluggable transceivers on
the modules. Then you create ports and configure the channels on these ports.
Thus the principle is to start at the bottom and then add entities that are supported by the existing entity. In the same manner, deletion must be done from
the top. You must first delete a channel before you can delete the port of module
that supports that channel.
The parameters that are provisioned into the internal database are stored and
can be used for future backup procedures. Any configuration after provisioning,
operates on the internal database, which again transfers these settings to the
actual equipment.
Provisioning may be done manually or automatically. Regardless of provisioning method, the entity is set to a default administrative state when provisioning
is finished. For manual provisioning the administrative state is Management. The
exception is if the supporting entity has administrative state Disabled, then the
provisioned entity is set to Disabled too. For automatic provisioning the administrative state is equal to that of the supporting entity. The exception is if the supporting entity is Maintenance, then the provisioned entity is set to Management.
When automatic provisioning is used, the FSP3000R7 detects the equipment,
and depending on the equipment, some of the entities. This equipment and
these facilities are provisioned with default parameter values. The default
administrative state is set equal to that of the supporting state.
If required, the default administrative state can be overruled. Then the Automatic
In Service administrative state is set, when the supporting entity state is In Service or Automatic In Service.
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Table 2:
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
The document Management Data Guide lists all parameters that you my be
required to enter during provisioning. This list gives the allowable range for
parameter values, the default values and a brief description of each parameter.
The FSP3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual describes the procedures
for provisioning equipment and facilities (entities).
Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually
This section contains the instruction for creating shelves, modules, pluggable
transceivers and the necessary ports for the modules.
Entities must be created from the bottom and up. That is, you must create the
shelf before you can create a module that is in that shelf. Or, you must create a
module before you can create the channel that the module shall carry.
The Element Manager supports creation of entities via a wizard. During the creation, you will be required to specify a number of parameters. Which parameters
you are requested to enter, depend on which entity type you are creating in the
internal database.
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The creation wizards can be started in several ways; using the Main Menu to
open the Provisioning Manager window, or using context-sensitive menus by
right-clicking an entity in the Entities pane hierarchical list. This section
describes creation by using the Provisioning Manager window from the Main
Menu. The Provisioning Manager window shows you which entities that the
selected entity supports, and thus which entities that are available for creation at
this point. This is useful for keeping the overview of what you are doing.
The instructions in the following sub-sections all assume that you have opened
the Provisioning Manager window. To open the Provisioning Manager window:
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Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant Network Element in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Provisioning ->.
In response, the Provisioning Manager window appears.
This window can be used in parallel with the rest of the Element Manager.
The following topics are provided:
“How to Create a Shelf” on p. 85
“How to Create an OTDR Shelf” on p. 86
“How to Create a Module” on p. 87
“How to Clone a Module” on p. 88
“How to Create a Plug” on p. 92
“How to Create a Port” on p. 93
“How to Clone a Channel (Port)” on p. 96
“How to Change a Service (Channel)” on p. 99
“How to Create a Virtual Channel” on p. 100
“How to Create an Ethernet Port (ETH)” on p. 101
“How to Create a Virtual Ethernet Port (VETH)” on p. 107
“How to Create an SDH/SONET/OTN based ECC Channel” on p. 113
“How to Create an Ethernet based ECC Channel” on p. 115
“How to Create a PPP IP Interface” on p. 116
“How to Create a Supervisory Channel” on p. 119
“How to Create an Optical Line” on p. 120
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End of Procedure
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
How to Create a Shelf
This section describes how to create a shelf in the internal database, using the
Provisioning Manager window. After creation, the shelf is selectable from the
SHELF-<number> entity in the Entity pane.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE that you wish to add a shelf to.
Use the hierarchical list of entities on the left of the Provisioning Manager window for this selection.
In response, the right side of the Provisioning Manager window displays the Create Shelf list. This is a list of AID addresses for the
shelves that may be added.
Step 2
Select the relevant shelf AID address from the list.
In response the Create Shelf wizard starts. Each page in the wizard
has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters Step 2, etc.
The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep track of how
far you have come.
Step 3
Enter the required parameters in the wizard pages as follows:
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a) Use the drop-down lists and controls that the wizard provides, to
select the relevant parameter values.
See the supporting document Management Data Guide for
descriptions of these parameters for this shelf type.
b) Select either:
• Next to continue to the next wizard page.
• Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make
changes to the parameters.
Step 4
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete page appears, and the shelf is added to the
Entities pane. By default, the NCU or SCU modules for the shelf are
automatically created as well.
Step 5
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 6
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 7
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Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
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How to Create an OTDR Shelf
This section describes how to create the OTDR shelf combination in the internal
database, using the Provisioning Manager window. After creation, the shelf is
selectable from the SHELF-<number> entity in the Entity pane.
Requirements
•
An NCU with two Ethernet ports must be provisioned in the NE.
•
The Ethernet port C2 (entity SC-1-A-C2) must be un-provisioned. This
enables the OTDR provisioning process to provision the port according to
its needs.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE that you wish to add a shelf to.
Use the hierarchical list of entities on the left of the Provisioning Manager window for this selection.
Step 2
Select the item SHELF-OTDR from the list.
Step 3
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete page appears, and the shelf is added to the
Entities pane.
Step 4
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 5
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 6
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
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In response, the right side of the Provisioning Manager window displays the Create Shelf list. This is a list of AID addresses for the
shelves that may be added.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
How to Create a Module
This section describes how to create a module in the internal database, using
the Provisioning Manager window. After creation, the module is selectable from
the MOD-<shelf>-<slot>-<module name> entity in the Entity pane.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the shelf that you wish to add a module to. Use the hierarchical
list of entities on the left of the Provisioning Manager window for this
selection.
In response, the right side of the Provisioning Manager window displays the Create Module list. This is a list of AID addresses for the
slots in the selected shelf that you may add modules to.
Step 2
Select the relevant slot AID address from the list.
In response the Create Module wizard starts. Each page in the wizard
has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters Step 2, etc.
The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep track of how
far you have come.
Step 3
In the Parameters Step 1 page, use the Equipment Type drop-down list
to select the relevant module type.
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The parameters you are required to enter in the next pages of the Create Module wizard, depend on your selection of the facility type.
Step 4
Enter the required parameters in the wizard pages as follows:
a) Use the drop-down lists and controls that the wizard provides, to
select the relevant parameter values.
See the document Management Data Guide for descriptions of
these parameters for this module type.
b) Select either:
• Next to continue to the next wizard page.
• Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make
changes to the parameters.
Step 5
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete page appears.
Step 6
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 7
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
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Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually
Step 8
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
How to Clone a Module
This instruction describes how to clone an existing module, with the option of
changing some parameters. This saves time when configuring several modules
of the same type, with the same configurations.
The cloning process starts with the module entity and leads you through provisioning all dependent entities which have been provisioned in the originating
module, with the provisioning of the originating module as the parameter
defaults. However, dependent entities that were not provisioned on the originating module are not offered for provisioning on the cloned module in the cloning
process. They must be provisioned manually afterwards. ECC channels,
belonging DCN cross-connects and protection groups are not copied in the
cloning process.
Step 1
Select the relevant module to clone from the tree of entities in the
Entity pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Provisioning -> Clone.
Alternatively, right-click the relevant module to display the context
sensitive menu, and select Clone.
In response, the Clone Module wizard opens.
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Procedure
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 3
Specify which slot you wish to provision the clone module into by
selecting a module AID from the tree list of entities in the Clone Module, Target Selection page.
It is not possible to overwrite existing provisioning, therefore only
unassigned slots are supported as targets for a module clone.
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Select Next to continue to the Parameters Step 1 page.
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Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually
Step 4
The Parameters Step 1 page displays the parameters that were set on
the originating module, with the same values as on the originating
module.
Adjust these parameters as required for the cloned module.
To aid you in the adjustment, the right hand side of the page can display the progress of the cloning process, or the parameter values that
have been set so far.
•
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•
Select the Progress radio button to display the list of dependent
entities on the originating module, which you are in the process of
cloning on the target module. Each entity that has had its values
set, has a green check mark. The entity that you currently can
adjust values for has an orange arrow.
Select the Parameters radio button to display the values that have
been selected for the entities that have been adjusted so far. This
can be useful to remember what adjustments you wish to make
on the rest of the entities.
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Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 5
Select Next to continue. In response you will be presented for as
many new pages as are necessary in order to lead you through
adjustment the parameter values for this entity.
When all parameter values have been entered for this entity, Confirm
page will be displayed.
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Step 6
Do one of the following:
• If the values are incorrect, select Cancel. The cloning will be
aborted, all cloned entities created thus far in this process will be
deleted.
• Confirm that the values are correct by selecting Next. If there are
further entities to clone, you will be presented the necessary
amount of parameter entry pages to adjust all parameter values.
When all entities have been presented, and adjusted if relevant, the
Result page. is displayed.
Step 7
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The Progress view shows all entities that were cloned. You can review
the parameter values for all cloned entities by selecting the Parameters radio button.
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Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually
Step 8
Select Finish to close the Clone Module wizard.
Step 9
If relevant, provision additional dependent entities on the cloned nodule.
Step 10
If relevant, provision a DCN cross-connect or protection group involving this new, cloned module.
End of Procedure
How to Create a Plug
This section describes how to create a pluggable transceiver in the internal
database, using the Provisioning Manager window. Follow this instruction only for
modules that use pluggable transceivers. After creation, the module is selectable from the PL-<shelf>-<slot>-<{C{1..x}|N|NE|NW}> entity in the Entity pane.
Procedure
Select the module that you wish to add a pluggable transceivers to,
using the hierarchical list of entities on the left of the Provisioning Manager window.
In response, the right side of the Provisioning Manager window displays the Create Plug list. This is a list of AID addresses for the cages
that you may add pluggable transceiver to on the selected module.
Step 2
Select the relevant cage AID address from the list.
In response the Create Plug wizard starts. Each page in the wizard
has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters Step 2, etc.
The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep track of how
far you have come.
Step 3
In the Parameters Step 1 page, use the Equipment Type drop-down list
to select the relevant pluggable transceiver type.
Step 4
In the next pages of the Create Plug wizard, you are required to enter
the rate, WDM channel number, reach, usage of 3rd party plugs and
the administrative state. Enter the required parameters in the wizard
page as follows:
a) Use the drop-down lists and controls that the wizard provides, to
select the relevant parameter values.
See the document Management Data Guide for descriptions of
these parameters for this module type.
b) Select either:
• Next to continue to the next wizard page.
• Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make
changes to the parameters.
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Step 1
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 5
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete page appears.
Step 6
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 7
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 8
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
How to Create a Port
This section describes how to create a port in the internal database, using the
Provisioning Manager window.
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You use ports to create a connection that can carry traffic. For example:
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•
A connection that can carry traffic must have a client port and network port
on the channel modules in both the near end and far end NE. After creation,
the port (channel) is selectable from the
CH-<shelf>-<slot>-<{C{1..x}|N|NE|NW}>-<facility type> entity in the Entity
pane.
•
A connection that can carry traffic through an ROADM-C40/40/2-3HU-2DC
shelf must have a client port (optical channel) and an network port (optical
multiplex facility) on the shelf. After creation, the port (channel) is selectable
from the CH-<shelf>-<slot>--C{1..40} OCH or OM-<shelf number>-OM in
the Entity pane.
•
A connection that can carry traffic through an EDFA module must have a
port. After creation, the port is selectable from the
OM-<shelf>-<slot>-1-EDFA or OM-<shelf>-<slot>-2-EDFA-MID entities in
the Entity pane.
•
A connection that can carry traffic through an VSM or RSM module must
have a port. After creation, the port is selectable from the
OM-<shelf>-<slot>-{NE|NW}-SWITCH entity in the Entity pane.
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Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually
Procedure
Step 1
Select the module or shelf that you wish to add a port to. Use the hierarchical list of entities on the left of the Provisioning Manager window
for this selection.
In response, the right side of the Provisioning Manager window displays the Create Port list. This is a list of AID addresses for the ports
that you may add to the selected module, or to the selected module’s
pluggable transceiver.
In some cases the module’s configuration does not support use of
one or more of the module’s plugs. In these cases the AID address for
the port corresponding to the plug is not offered for selection in the
list. This is also true even if the pluggable transceiver cage is
equipped and thus displayed in the Entity pane.
Step 2
Select the relevant channel AID address from the list.
In response the Create Port wizard starts. Each page in the wizard has
a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters Step 2, etc. The
final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep track of how far
you have come.
In the Parameters Step 1 page, use the Facility Type drop-down list to
select the relevant facility type for the channel.
To configure a FICON service, select the facility type FC. To configure
a 10G WAN service, select the facility type STM-64.
Step 4
For channel modules that support configuration of trace:
• Select the Configure Trace radio button if you wish to configure
trace.
• Select the Use Defaults radio button if you wish to use the default
settings for trace.
Step 5
The rest of the parameters you are required to enter in this first page,
and the next pages of the Create wizard, depend on your selection of
the facility type. Enter the required parameters in the wizard pages as
follows:
a) Use the drop-down lists and controls that the wizard provides, to
select the relevant parameter values.
See the document Management Data Guide for descriptions of
these parameters, for this module/shelf type and use of the module/shelf type.
b) Select either:
• Next to continue to the next wizard page.
• Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make
changes to the parameters.
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Step 3
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 6
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete window appears.
Step 7
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 8
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 9
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
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End of Procedure
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How to Clone a Channel (Port)
This instruction describes how to clone an existing client or network channel
(port) on a module, with the option of changing some of the parameters. This
saves time when configuring several ports of the same type, with the same configurations.
The cloning process starts with the channel entity and leads you through provisioning all dependent entities which have been provisioned in the originating
channel, with the provisioning of the originating channel as the parameter
defaults. However, dependent entities that were not provisioned on the originating module are not offered for provisioning on the cloned module in the cloning
process. They must be provisioned manually afterwards. ECC channels,
belonging DCN cross-connects and protection groups are not copied in the
cloning process.
All changes to the database are logged in the database change log.
Step 1
Select the relevant channel (port) to clone from the tree of entities in
the Entities pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Provisioning -> Clone.
Alternatively, right-click the relevant module to display the context
sensitive menu, and select Clone.
In response, the Clone Port wizard opens.
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Procedure
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 3
Specify which channel you wish to clone the provisioning of the originating channel into by selecting a channel AID from the tree list of
entities in the Clone Port, Target Selection page.
It is not possible to overwrite existing provisioning, therefore only
unassigned channels are supported as targets for a channel clone.
Select Next to continue to the Parameters Step 1 page.
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Step 4
The Parameters Step 1 page displays the parameters that were set on
the originating channel, with the same values as on the originating
channel.
Adjust these parameters as required for the cloned channel.
Select Next to continue.
In response you will be presented for as many new pages as are necessary in order to lead you through adjustment the parameter values
for this entity.
When all parameter values have been entered for this entity, Confirm
page will be displayed.
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Step 5
Do one of the following:
• If the values are incorrect, select Cancel. The cloning will be
aborted, all cloned entities created thus far in this process will be
deleted.
• Confirm that the values are correct by selecting Next. The Result
page will be displayed.
Step 6
Select Finish to close the Clone Port wizard.
Step 7
If relevant, provision additional dependent entities on the cloned
channel.
Step 8
If relevant provision a DCN cross connect or a protection group
involving the cloned channel.
End of Procedure
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Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
How to Change a Service (Channel)
This instruction describes how to change a service. To do this manually, the
channel must first be deleted, then re-provisioned. The Element Manager aids
the operator in making changes to a a client or network channel.
Changing a service is service-affecting.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the client or network channel that you wish to make changes
to.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Provisioning -> Change
Service. Alternatively, right-click the relevant module to display the
context sensitive menu, and select Change Service.
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In response the Change Service wizard opens.
Each page in the wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1,
Parameters Step 2, etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps
you keep track of how far you have come.
Change the required parameters. Enter the required parameters in
the wizard pages as follows:
a) Use the drop-down lists and controls that the wizard provides, to
select the relevant parameter values.
See the document Management Data Guide for descriptions of
these parameters for this module/channel type if necessary.
b) Select either:
• Next to continue to the next wizard page.
• Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make
changes to the parameters.
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Step 3
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Result window appears.
End of Procedure
How to Create a Virtual Channel
This section describes how to create a virtual channel in the internal database,
using the Provisioning Manager window. Multiplexing channel modules and
ROADM-C40/40/2-3HU-2DC shelves support virtual channels.
•
Each client service is carried by a virtual channel on the network port. After
creation, the virtual channel is selectable from the
VCH-<shelf>-<slot>-<{C{1..x}|N|NE|NW}>-<facility type> entity in the Entity
pane.
•
Each client service in a ROADM-C40/40/2-3HU-2DC shelf is carried by a
virtual channel on the network port optical multiplex facility. After creation,
the port (channel) is selectable from the VCH-<shelf>--N{1..40} OCH in the
Entity pane.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the module or shelf that you wish to add a virtual channel to.
Use the hierarchical list of entities on the left of the Provisioning Manager window for this selection.
In response, the right side of the Provisioning Manager window displays the Create Virtual Channel list. This is a list of AID addresses for
the virtual channels that you may add to the selected shelf, the
selected module, or to the selected module’s pluggable transceivers.
Step 2
Select the relevant channel AID address from the list.
In response the Create Virtual Channel wizard starts. Each page in the
wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters Step 2,
etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep track of
how far you have come. Navigate between the pages by selecting
either:
•
•
Next to continue to the next wizard page.
Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make changes to
the parameters.
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You use virtual channels to carry the services that shall be multiplexed. For
example:
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 3
In the next pages of the Create Virtual Channel wizard, enter the
required parameters in the wizard pages as follows:
a) Use the drop-down lists and controls that the wizard provides, to
select the relevant parameter values.
See the document Management Data Guide for descriptions of
these parameters for this module type.
• For channel modules that support configuration of trace:
• Select the Configure Trace radio button if you wish to configure trace.
• Select the Use Defaults radio button if you wish to use the
default settings for trace.
• Select either:
• Next to continue to the next wizard page.
• Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make
changes to the parameters.
See the document Management Data Guide for descriptions of these
parameters.
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Step 4
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
• Check that the displayed settings are correct.
• If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
• If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete page appears.
Step 5
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 6
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 7
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
How to Create an Ethernet Port (ETH)
This section describes how to create a Ethernet port (ETH entity) on an xPCA
module in the internal database, using the Provisioning Manager window.
The ETH port holds the Ethernet properties for the ports on an xPCA channel
module. In the case that the ETH port shall be a member of a LAG group (VETH
entity), the majority of the parameters for this ETH are derived from the LAG
(VETH entity) they are members of. Therefore there are a limited number of
parameters to enter for these ETHs. This section covers also this case of an
ETH port creation.
After creation, the ETH facility is selectable from the
ETH-<shelf>-<slot>-<{C{1..10}||NE|NW}>-entity in the Entity pane.
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Requirements
•
The xPCA channel module has been provisioned and the administrative
state is Automatic In Service or In Service. If the ETH port shall be part of a
LAG group, the xPCA channel module must already be configured with the
correct Link Aggregation System Priority (LAG Actor Sys Pri).
•
The pluggable transceiver (PL entity) on the interface has been provisioned
correctly and the administrative state is Automatic In Service or In Service.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the xPCA module that you wish to add a ETH port to. Use the
hierarchical list of entities on the left of the Provisioning Manager window for this selection.
In response, the right side of the Provisioning Manager window displays the Create Port list. This is a list of AID addresses for the ETH
facilities that you may add to the selected module.
Step 2
Select the relevant ETH AID address from the list.
Each page in the wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1,
Parameters Step 2, etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps
you keep track of how far you have come. Navigate between the
pages by selecting either:
•
•
Next to continue to the next wizard page.
Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make changes to
the parameters.
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In response the Create port wizard starts.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 3
In the page Parameters Step 1, do as follows:
a) If this is a client port, set Auto-Negotiation to either Enabled or Disabled.
Autonegotiation is not supported for ports with XFP pluggable
transceivers.
b) If this is a 2PCA-PCN-10G module, specify whether the Ethernet
port shall behave as a client port or a network port by using the
Behavior field.
This means that for example a client port can have network port
behavior. If the port shall be used against your client’s equipment
it should be set to behavior Client.
The 10PCA-PCN+10G port behavior is directly linked to the port
type, a client port has client behavior and a network port has network behavior.
c) Do one of the following:
• If the ETH port shall not be member of a LAG group, set Member of Virtual Port to NONE.
• If the ETH port shall be member of a LAG group, go to Step 9.
Select Next to continue.
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In response the Parameters Step 2 page appears.
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Step 4
In the page Parameters Step 2, do as follows:
a) Set the Port Role as planned in the network design. It has effect
on which modes the port can operate in:
• Role UNI is used to interface user equipment.
• Role NNI is used for handing over to the next network.
• Role I-NNI is used to connect xPCA modules together in a
ring, line or mesh topology. All ports can play the I-NNI role.
The port’s role has effect on which modes the port can operate in.
Port Role/Port Mode versus IEEE Provider Bridge
Port Role
Port Mode
IEEE Provider Bridge Port Name
UNI
Port based
C-tagged
S-tagged
Port based
C-tagged
S-tagged
Port based
C-tagged
S-tagged
Customer Network Port (CNP)
Customer Edge Port (CEP)
Customer Network Port (CNP)
Not supported
Not supported
Provider Network Port (PNP)
Not supported
Not supported
Provider Network Port (PNP)
NNI
I-NNI
In addition only ports with port role I-NNI can be members of an
Ethernet linear protection group.
b) Enter the default PCP priority the port shall use for untagged
frames in the Port default PCP field.
If the port is configured to accept untagged frames, a C-tag or an
S-tag will be added to untagged frames at Rx. The Customer
VLAN Identifier (CVID) or Service VLAN Identifier (SVID) will be
equal to your entry in the Port VLAN ID field (see Step 8) and the
PCP priority will be equal to your entry in the Port default PCP
field.
Select Next to continue.
In response the Parameters Step 3 page appears.
Step 5
If selectable, set the Port Mode for the port. The port can operate in
the modes PORT, CTAG or STAG, depending on the port’s role.
Select Next to continue.
In response the Parameters Step 3 page appears.
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Table 3:
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 6
Your choice of port mode affects which parameters will be available
for provisioning in the following.
• If you selected PORT, go to Step 7.
• If you selected CTAG or STAG, go to Step 8.
Step 7
In response to the selection of port mode PORT, the
Parameters Step 4 page displays the relevant parameters.
a) Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Automatic in Service or In Service.
b) Define which incoming frames to discard, based on their EtherType (Ether TAG Type). Incoming frames matching this EtherType
will be discarded.
To discard S-tagged frames enter the value 0x88a8 and to discard C-tagged frames enter the value 0x8100. The default is to
discard S-tagged frames.
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c) Define when incoming frames shall be discarded due to their size
by entering the maximum acceptable frame size into the Max
Frame Size field.
This feature can be used to allow incoming SVLAN tagged
frames to be transported and encapsulated with yet another
SVLAN tag. The forwarded frame will use the Ether TAG Type
field of the transmitting port.
Discarding of frames larger than the maximum frame size is done
at Rx. If tags are added between Rx and Tx, this means that the
frame may be larger than the maximum frame size at Tx.
On I-NNI ports one more tag is added to each frame as compared
to UNI ports operating in CTAG and PORT modes. Therefore the
max frame size should be 4 bytes longer on I-NNI ports. The
default value takes this into consideration. If you enter a different
value, remember to take this into consideration.
d) Go to Step 13.
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Step 8
In response to the selection of port mode CTAG or STAG, the
Parameters Step 4 page displays the relevant parameters.
a) Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Automatic in Service or In Service.
c) Define when incoming frames shall be discarded due to their size
by entering the maximum acceptable frame size into the Max
Frame Size field.
Discarding of frames larger than the maximum frame size is done
at Rx. If tags are added between Rx and Tx, this means that the
frame may be larger than the maximum frame size at Tx.
On I-NNI ports one more tag is added to each frame as compared
to UNI ports operating in CTAG and PORT modes. Therefore the
max frame size should be 4 bytes longer on I-NNI ports. The
default value takes this into consideration. If you enter a different
value, remember to take this into consideration.
d) Enter the Port VLAN ID in the Port VLAN ID field.
If the port is configured to accept untagged frames, a C-tag or an
S-tag will be added to untagged frames at Rx. The CVID or SVID
will be equal to your entry in the Port VLAN ID field and the PCP
priority will be equal to your entry in the Port default PCP field (see
Step 3).
ID 4095 is reserved for EOC channels and shall not be used.
Addition of a C-tag to untagged frames can also be configured at
Tx. This is however configured on the FLW entity (the PUSH PVID
Transmit and Prio PVID Transmit field).
e) Select acceptance or rejection of untagged and priority-tagged
frames using the Untagged frames drop-down list.
f)
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Go to Step 13.
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b) Enter the EtherType (Ether TAG Type).
Detection of C- and S-tagged frames is done based on the EtherType field. Incoming frames matching this EtherType will be
accepted. To accept S-tagged frames enter the value 0x88a8 and
to accept C-tagged frames enter the value 0x8100. It is for example relevant to enter a different value when interfacing to older
equipment that uses a non-standard Ether type.
This feature can be used to allow incoming SVLAN tagged
frames to be transported and encapsulated with yet another
SVLAN tag. The forwarded frame will use the Ether TAG Type
field of the transmitting port.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 9
Enter the LAG group (VETH entity) that the ETH port shall be member
of, using the Member of Virtual Port drop-down list.
Select Next to continue.
In response the Parameters Step 2 page appears.
Step 10
Enter the actor port priority (Actor Port Pri field).
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This is used to define which ETH port is the active port in a LAG. The
port with the lowest number has the highest priority and is thus the
active port.
Step 11
Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Automatic in Service
or In Service.
Step 12
Go to Step 13.
Step 13
Select Next to continue.
In response the Confirm wizard page appears.
Step 14
Check that the displayed settings are correct.
• If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
• If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete page appears.
Step 15
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 16
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
End of Procedure
How to Create a Virtual Ethernet Port (VETH)
This section describes how to create an Virtual Ethernet Port (VETH) on an
xPCA module in the internal database, using the Provisioning Manager window.
The VETH port is used when creating a Link Aggregation Group (LAG). The
VETH holds the LAG-specific parameters and the packet handling layers for the
member ports. The the Ethernet ports (ETH) that are members of the VETH
hold the physical layer Ethernet properties for each member.
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After creation, the VETH facility is selectable from the
VETH-<shelf>-<slot>-<{V{1..n}>-entity in the Entity pane.
Requirements
•
The xPCA channel module has been provisioned, the xPCA channel module must already be configured with the correct Link Aggregation System
Priority (LAG Actor Sys Pri), and the administrative state is Automatic In Service or In Service.
•
The pluggable transceiver (PL entity) on the interface has been provisioned
correctly and the administrative state is Automatic In Service or In Service.
•
No member ETH ports and belonging flow points (FLWs) are allowed to
exist at VETH creation time.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the xPCA module f that you wish to add a VETH facility to. Use
the hierarchical list of entities on the left of the Provisioning Manager
window for this selection.
Step 2
Select the relevant VETH AID address from the list.
In response the Create port wizard starts.
Each page in the wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1,
Parameters Step 2, etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps
you keep track of how far you have come. Navigate between the
pages by selecting either:
•
•
Next to continue to the next wizard page.
Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make changes to
the parameters.
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In response, the right side of the Provisioning Manager window displays the Create Port list. This is a list of AID addresses for the VETH
facilities that you may add to the selected module.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 3
In the page Parameters Step 1, enter the required parameters:
a) Use the LACP MODE drop-down list to specify the Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) mode for this LAG as either ACTIVE
or PASSIVE.
b) Enter the LACP Time Out, either long or short.
c) Enter the number of active ports that will be members of this LAG,
into the LAG Active ports field.
In this release only one active port is supported.
d) Use the LAG Port Type drop down list to select the port types of
the ports that shall be members of the LAG, either 1GE or 10 GE.
e) Set the Port Role as planned in the network design. It has effect
on which modes the port can operate in:
• Role UNI is used to interface user equipment.
• Role NNI is used for handing over to the next network.
• Role I-NNI is used to connect xPCA modules together in a
ring, line or mesh topology. All ports can play the I-NNI role.
The port’s role has effect on which modes the port can operate in.
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Table 4:
Port Role/Port Mode versus IEEE Provider Bridge
Port Role
Port Mode
IEEE Provider Bridge Port Name
UNI
Port based
C-tagged
S-tagged
Port based
C-tagged
S-tagged
Port based
C-tagged
S-tagged
Customer Network Port (CNP)
Customer Edge Port (CEP)
Customer Network Port (CNP)
Not supported
Not supported
Provider Network Port (PNP)
Not supported
Not supported
Provider Network Port (PNP)
NNI
I-NNI
f)
Enter the default PCP priority the port shall use for untagged
frames in the Port default PCP field.
If the port is configured to accept untagged frames, a C-tag or an
S-tag will be added to untagged frames at Rx. The Customer
VLAN Identifier (CVID) or Service VLAN Identifier (SVID) will be
equal to your entry in the Port VLAN ID field (see Step 7) and the
PCP priority will be equal to your entry in the Port default PCP
field.
Select Next to continue.
In response the Parameters Step 2 page appears.
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Step 4
Your choice of port role affects which parameters will be available in
the Parameters Step 2 page.
• If you selected UNI, you must set the Port Mode for the port.The
port can operate in the modes PORT, CTAG or STAG.
Step 5
Your choice of port mode affects which parameters will be available
for provisioning in the following.
• If you selected PORT, go to Step 6.
• If you selected CTAG or STAG, go to Step 7.
Step 6
In response to the selection of port mode PORT, the Parameters Step
3 page appears. Enter the required parameters.
a) Define which incoming frames to discard, based on their EtherType (Ether TAG Type). Incoming frames matching this EtherType
will be discarded.
To discard S-tagged frames enter the value 0x88a8 and to discard C-tagged frames enter the value 0x8100. The default is to
discard S-tagged frames.
This feature can be used to allow incoming SVLAN tagged
frames to be transported and encapsulated with yet another
SVLAN tag. The forwarded frame will use the Ether TAG Type
field of the transmitting port.
b) Define when incoming frames shall be discarded due to their size
by entering the maximum acceptable frame size into the Max
Frame Size field.
Discarding of frames larger than the maximum frame size is done
at Rx. If tags are added between Rx and Tx, this means that the
frame may be larger than the maximum frame size at Tx.
On I-NNI ports one more tag is added to each frame as compared
to UNI ports operating in CTAG and PORT modes. Therefore the
max frame size should be 4 bytes longer on I-NNI ports. The
default value takes this into consideration. If you enter a different
value, remember to take this into consideration.
c) Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Automatic in Service or In Service.
d) Go to Step 8.
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Select Next to continue.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 7
In response to the selection of port role NNI or I-NNI, the Parameters
Step 2 page appears. Enter the required parameters.
a) Enter the EtherType (Ether TAG Type).
Detection of C- and S-tagged frames is done based on the EtherType field. Incoming frames matching this EtherType will be
accepted. To accept S-tagged frames enter the value 0x88a8 and
to accept C-tagged frames enter the value 0x8100. It is for example relevant to enter a different value when interfacing to older
equipment that uses a non-standard Ether type.
This feature can be used to allow incoming SVLAN tagged
frames to be transported and encapsulated with yet another
SVLAN tag. The forwarded frame will use the Ether TAG Type
field of the transmitting port.
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b) Define when incoming frames shall be discarded due to their size
by entering the maximum acceptable frame size into the Max
Frame Size field.
Discarding of frames larger than the maximum frame size is done
at Rx. If tags are added between Rx and Tx, this means that the
frame may be larger than the maximum frame size at Tx.
On I-NNI ports one more tag is added to each frame as compared
to UNI ports operating in CTAG and PORT modes. Therefore the
max frame size should be 4 bytes longer on I-NNI ports. The
default value takes this into consideration. If you enter a different
value, remember to take this into consideration.
c) Enter the port VLAN ID.
If the port is configured to accept untagged frames, a C-tag or an
S-tag will be added to untagged frames at Rx. The CVID or SVID
will be equal to your entry in the Port VLAN ID field and the PCP
priority will be equal to your entry in the Port default PCP field (see
Step 3).
ID 4095 is reserved for EOC channels and shall not be used.
Addition of a C-tag to untagged frames can also be configured at
Tx. This is however configured on the FLW entity (the PUSH PVID
Transmit and Prio PVID Transmit field).
d) Set acceptance or rejection of untagged and priority-tagged
frames using the Untagged frames item.
e) Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Automatic in Service or In Service.
f)
Step 8
Go to Step 8.
Select Next to continue.
In response the Confirm wizard page appears.
Step 9
Check that the displayed settings are correct.
• If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
• If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete page appears.
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Step 10
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 11
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 12
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
How to Create an EOC Channel
This section describes how to create an EOC channel in the internal database,
using the Provisioning Manager window.
•
A channel module that supports an EOC channel must already be provisioned. See “How to Create a Module” on p. 87.
•
The network port pluggable (if supported by the module) and channel must
already be provisioned on the channel module. See “How to Create a Plug”
on p. 92 and “How to Create a Port” on p. 93.
•
Ensure that there is enough un-used backplane bandwidth to support this
backplane connection. This information can be found on the NE tab of the
network element. See the Detailed System Description, “Deployment
Restrictions” for information about backplane bandwidth restrictions and
allocated backplane bandwidth per DCN entity.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the module that you wish to add an EOC channel to. Use the
hierarchical list of entities on the left of the Provisioning Manager window for this selection.
Step 2
If the required entities have been provisioned already, the Provisioning Manager window will display the Create DCN Channel list section
on the right side.
Step 3
Select the relevant EOC channel type in the list (for example
EOC-2-9-NE).
In response the Create DCN Channel wizard starts.
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Requirements
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 4
In the Parameters Step 1 page, set the administrative state for the
EOC/ECC channel with the Admin State drop-down list.
Step 5
Select Next to continue.
In response the Confirm wizard page appears.
Step 6
Check that the displayed settings are correct.
a) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
b) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete window appears.
Step 7
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 8
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 9
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
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End of Procedure
How to Create an SDH/SONET/OTN based ECC
Channel
This section describes how to create an SDH/SONET/OTN based ECC channel
in the internal database, using the Provisioning Manager window.
Requirements
User Manual
•
A channel module that supports SDH, SONET or OTN must already be provisioned. See “How to Create a Module” on p. 87.
•
A port must already be provisioned on the channel module. See “How to
Create a Port” on p. 93.
•
Ensure that there is enough un-used backplane bandwidth to support this
backplane connection. This information can be found on the NE tab of the
network element. See the Detailed System Description, “Deployment
Restrictions” for information about backplane bandwidth restrictions and
allocated backplane bandwidth per DCN entity.
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Procedure
Step 1
Select the module that you wish to add an EOC/ECC channel to. Use
the hierarchical list of entities on the left of the Provisioning Manager
window for this selection.
Step 2
If the required entities have been provisioned already, the Provisioning Manager window will display the Create DCN Channel list section
on the right side.
Select the relevant EOC/ECC channel type in the list (for example
SDCC-1-8-N).
In response the Create DCN Channel wizard starts. Each page in the
wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters Step 2,
etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep track of
how far you have come.
Step 4
In the Parameters Step 1 page, use the Facility Type drop-down list to
select the relevant EOC/ECC type, for example SDCC.
Step 5
Set the administrative state for the EOC/ECC channel with the Admin
State drop-down list.
Step 6
Select either:
• Next to continue to the next wizard page.
• Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make changes to
the parameters.
Step 7
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete window appears.
Step 8
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 9
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
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Step 3
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 10
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
How to Create an Ethernet based ECC Channel
This section describes how to create an Ethernet based ECC channel in the
internal database, using the Provisioning Manager window.
Requirements
•
A 10PCA-PCN+10G channel module must already be provisioned. See
“How to Create a Module” on p. 87.
•
An Ethernet port (ETH) must already be provisioned on the client or network
port. See “How to Create an Ethernet Port (ETH)” on p. 101.
•
Ensure that there is enough un-used backplane bandwidth to support this
backplane connection. This information can be found on the NE tab of the
network element. See the Detailed System Description, “Deployment
Restrictions” for information about backplane bandwidth restrictions and
allocated backplane bandwidth per DCN entity.
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Procedure
Step 1
Select the 10PCA-PCN+10G module that you wish to add an ECC
channel to. Use the hierarchical list of entities on the left of the Provisioning Manager window for this selection.
Step 2
If the required entities have been provisioned already, the Provisioning Manager window will display the Create DCN Channel section on
the right side.
Step 3
Select the relevant ECC channel in the list (for example EOC-1-3-C1).
In response the Create DCN Channel wizard starts. Each page in the
wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters Step 2,
etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep track of
how far you have come.
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Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually
Step 4
In the Parameters Step 1 page, set the administrative state for the
ECC channel with the Admin State drop-down list.
Step 5
Select either:
• Next to continue to the next wizard page.
• Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make changes to
the parameters.
Step 6
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete window appears.
Step 7
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 8
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 9
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
How to Create a PPP IP Interface
This instruction describes how to create a PPP IP interface on the NCU.
PPP IP interfaces are part of the FSP3000R7 DCN. This DCN should be
planned, please use the planned values when creating PPP IP interfaces.
Restrictions
Ensure that there is enough un-used backplane bandwidth to support this backplane connection. This information can be found on the NE tab of the network
element. See the Detailed System Description, “Deployment Restrictions” for
information about backplane bandwidth restrictions and allocated backplane
bandwidth per DCN entity.
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End of Procedure
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NCU. Use the left hand hierarchical entity list in the Provisioning Manager window for this selection.
The Provisioning Manager window will display the Create PPP IP Interface list section on the right side.
Step 2
Select one of the NCU PPP IP links from the list (for example
LINK-1A-3).
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In response the Create PPP IP Interface wizard starts. Each page in
the wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters
Step 2, etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep
track of how far you have come.
Step 3
In the Parameters Step 1 and 2 page, you will be asked to specify:
Max Tx Rate [Kbit/s]
The maximum transmit rate that you specify here, must be lower
than the absolute maximum that can be carried by the EOC/ECC
that uses this PPP IP interface. Otherwise traffic may be lost and
the connection will be slow. The default value is 100 kbit/s. Check
•
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Step 4
118
the maximum value for the relevant ECC entity in the Management Data Guide document, under the section for that channel
module. The following lists the maximum value for some of the
ECC types:
• GCC0/GCC1/GCC2 on OTU3/ODU3: 1312 kbit/s (limited
from 5248 kbit/s)
• GCC0/GCC1/GCC2 on OTU2/ODU2: 1312 kbit/s
• GCC0/GCC1/GCC2 on OTU1/ODU1: 326 kbit/s
• SDCC/DCCr: 192
• LDCC/DCCm: 576
• EOC: 1000 (ADVA proprietary framing)
OSPF Routing
Select Enabled if OSPF is planned used for this interface.
Routing Metric
Enter the routing metric if OSFP is enabled. The default is 100,
independently of the bandwidth of the IP interface.
Enable Proxy ARP
Select whether proxy ARP shall be used or not.
Area ID
Specify the area ID for the PPP IP interface. An OSPF network
can be divided into sub-domains, called areas, and these areas
are identified by an area ID. An area is a logical collection of
OSPF networks, routers, and links that have the same area identification.
Type of IP config
Select whether this interface is numbered or unnumbered. For a
numbered interface you must provision the IP address and mask.
The system IP address and subnet mask are re-used for this
unnumbered interface. All unnumbered interfaces share the
same values. Only one logical LAN port or Ethernet port on the
NCU can be unnumbered at any one time.
Near End IP Address
If you specified that this is a numbered interface, this field will
appear. Use the planned IP address. Remember that if OSPF is
planned for any IP interface in the NE, every IP address must be
unique in the system.
Admin State
Set the relevant value for administrative state at this time. In order
for the interface to become operational, you must select In Service
or Automatic In Service.
Select either:
• Next to continue to the next wizard page.
• Back to return to the previous wizard page and make changes to
the parameters.
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Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 5
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
• Check that the displayed settings are correct.
• If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
• If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete window appears.
Step 6
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 7
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 8
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
How to Create a Supervisory Channel
The supervisory channel (SC) entity supports the out of band optical supervisory (OSC) channel.
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Procedure
Step 1
Create the network side supervisory channel on the OSCM, for example SC-3-17-N, and provision it as described in “How to Create a Port”
on p. 93.
This is the entity that supports the out of band OSC channel through
the system.
Step 2
Create a client side supervisory channel on the OSCM port the NCU
is connected to, for example SC-3-17-C1, and provision it as
described in “How to Create a Port” on p. 93. Use the same parameter values that have been set for the NCU Ethernet port that the
OSCM client port is connected to.
End of Procedure
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Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually
How to Create an Optical Line
The optical line (OL) entity represents a network fiber endpoint, which is connected to the NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE. Use the left hand hierarchical entity list in the Provisioning Manager window for this selection.
Step 2
Select one of the optical lines from the list (for example OL-1).
In response the Create Optical Line wizard starts.
Step 3
Select either:
• Next to create the optical line.
• Cancel to abort the creation.
In response, the Result window appears.
Step 4
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Result page.
Step 5
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 6
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Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
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The Provisioning Manager window will display the Create Optical Line
section on the right side.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 7
In the Entities pane, select the new OL entity.
In response the Parameters pane displays the configuration information for the OL.
Step 8
Select Modify.
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In response the Modify window opens.
Step 9
Enter the attenuation of the receive and transmit fiber into the Attenuation Rx Fiber and Attenuation Tx Fiber fields.
Step 10
Enter a text string identifying the NE in the at the other end point of
the network fiber into the FEND field. For example: NE2 ROADM.
Step 11
Select OK.
Step 12
You are returned to the Parameters pane.
End of Procedure
How to Create Equipment/Facilities
Automatically
This section contains the instruction for setting provisioning preferences. This
includes enabling automatic provisioning, enabling provisioning with Automatic
In Service administrative state (both for manual and auto-provisioning) as well
as preferred facility.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant Network Element in the Managed Elements
pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays the System page.
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How to Create Equipment/Facilities Automatically
Step 2
Select the Database tab.
In response, the Parameter pane displays the Database page. In this
page the current setting of the Auto-Provisioning parameter and the
related parameters is displayed.
Step 3
Select the Modify button on the Database tab.
In response, the Modify window appears.
Step 4
If the Auto-Provisioning parameter is currently set to No: Change it to
Yes as follows:
b) In response, the Network Element will automatically provision all
shelves, modules, pluggable transceivers and derivable facilities.
Any new equipment that is added will also be automatically provisioned.
Step 5
Use the Preferred Facility Type drop-down list to select whether auto
provisioned channel facilities shall be SDH or SONET.
Step 6
Use the AINS Enabled drop-down list to select whether provisioned
entities shall be set to state Automatic In Service or not.
When Automatic In Service state is used, the entity will automatically
transition to administrative state In Service when all conditions causing the Outage or Supporting Entity Outage operational states have
been cleared for a specific time period. You can only set an entity’s
administrative state to Automatic In Service if the entity that supports it
is also Automatic In Service or In Service and the entity that is supports
is not In Service.
Step 7
If you set AINS Enabled to Yes: Use the AINS Default Timer field to
specify the period of time that the operational state Outage or Supporting Entity Outage operational states must have been cleared before
automatic transition to In Service shall take place.
Step 8
Select OK to apply the change, or Cancel to discard the change.
End of Procedure
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a) Use the Auto-Provisioning drop-down list to select Yes.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Managing Encryption Modules
How to set-up and manage encryption modules is described in the FSP 3000
Provisioning and Operations Manual, “Provisioning Encryption Modules”.
This section supports the FSP 3000 Provisioning and Operations Manual by giving more detailed guidance on using the Element Manager to perform each individual task involved. The instructions in this section should only be followed for
additional support in conjunction with the procedures for managing encryption
modules in the FSP 3000 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
General Requirements
•
The network element (NE) that shall support encryption modules has to be
equipped with an NCU-II module (second-generation NCU).
•
Both the far-end and near-end encryption module must provisioned completely the same way:
o
both module entities are created and available
all optical parameters are set
•
To successfully change or set any security-related parameters, authentication via the CO password is required.
•
The Element Manager is set to manage the NE via SNMPv3, using an user
account with ADMIN privileges.
Follow the procedures in this sequence:
Configuring Initial Settings, which are essential for the module operation
Configuring Maintenance Settings, which can optionally be set as required
Configuring Initial Settings
After provisioned to the network element (NE), encryption modules require two
initial settings to fully encrypt data.
PS
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o
Note
The Inventory tab and Crypto tab will be blocked for a couple of
seconds, immediately after the module is created. During this period,
the MOD LED blinks yellow. When the LED turns RED, the module is
ready for operation.
Follow these procedures to get started with encryption modules:
How to Change the Crypto-Officer Password
How to Specify the Module Authentication Password
How to View the Key Exchange
How to Change the Crypto-Officer Password
This instruction describes how to change the Crypto-Officer (CO) password and
thus acquire ownership of the encryption module.
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Managing Encryption Modules
The CO password has to be changed on both the near-end and far-end encryption module. CO passwords can be different for each encryption module.
Requirements
•
The CO password has to be changed on both the near-end and far-end
encryption module. CO passwords can be different for each encryption
module.
•
Ensure that you are familiar with the requirements in “General Requirements” on p. 123.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the encryption module in the Entities pane.
Step 3
Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Maintenance ( see
“How to Change the Administrative State” on p. 260).
Step 4
Set the administrative state of all dependant entities to Maintenance.
You can see the dependant entities by expanding the Dependent Entities field,
Step 5
Select the Crypto tab in the Parameter pane.
In response the encryption related parameters of the module are displayed.
Step 6
From the Actions button, select Change Password.
In response the Change Password window appears.
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In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 7
Enter the currently used CO password in the Old Password field.
If this is the first time you change the password, the currently used
password is “CHANGEME.1”.
Step 8
Enter the new CO password in the New Password field, ensure it is different from the old password.
The password must comply with the following requirements:
•
•
•
consist of at least 10 and at most 32 characters
consist of at least one lower [ a ..z] and one upper character [A..Z]
plus a number [0..9]
optionally contain special characters [!,@, #, $, %, ^, (, ), _, +, |, ~,
{, }, [, ], -, .]
Step 9
Re-enter the new password in the Confirm New Password field.
Step 10
Select OK to save your settings, or Cancel to cancel them.
In response the MOD LED of the module changes from red to green.
End of Procedure
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How to Specify the Module Authentication
Password
This instruction describes how to specify the authentication password that the
encryption modules use for identification.
PS
Note
The authentication password has to be changed on both the near-end
and far-end encryption modules within 15 minutes. Therefore you
must be able to quickly access the far-end module.
When you have completed this instruction for the encryption modules in each
end of the encryption link, a first key exchange will take place. If the key
exchange is successful , encryption of the link will start.
You can then verify the first key exchange, if required, as described in How to
View the Key Exchange.
Requirements
User Manual
•
The authentication password has to be changed on both the near-end and
far-end encryption module. Communicating encryption modules must have
the same authentication password.
•
Ensure that you are familiar with the requirements in “General Requirements” on p. 123.
•
Ensure that you know the IP address of the far-end NE and the CO password of the far-end encryption module.
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Managing Encryption Modules
Procedure
Step 1
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the encryption module in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 3
Select the module’s network channel (for example CH-1-17-N
OTU2P).
In response, all available information about the entitiy is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 4
Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Maintenance ( see
“How to Change the Administrative State” on p. 260).
Step 5
Select the Crypto tab in the Parameter pane.
Step 6
From the Actions button, select Change AuthKey.
In response the Change Authenticaion key window appears.
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In response the encryption related parameters of the module are displayed.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 7
Enter a new authentication password in the Authentication key field.
The password must comply with the following requirements:
•
•
•
consist of at least 10 and at most 32 characters
consist of at least one lower [ a ..z] and one upper character [A..Z]
plus a number [0..9]
optionally contain special characters [!,@, #, $, %, ^, (, ), _, +, |, ~,
{, }, [, ], -, .]
Step 8
Re-enter the new authentication password in the Retype key field.
Step 9
Enter the CO password in the Password field.
Step 10
Select OK to save your settings, or Cancel to cancel them.
End of Procedure
How to View the Key Exchange
This instruction describes how to verify the key exchange by checking when the
latest key exchange took place.
Requirements
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•
You must have successfully changed the CO password and specified the
authentication password as described in How to Change the Crypto-Officer
Password and How to Specify the Module Authentication Password.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the encryption module in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 3
Select the module’s network channel (for example CH-1-17-N
OTU2P).
In response, all available information about the entitiy is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 4
User Manual
Select the Monitoring tab.
127
Managing Encryption Modules
Step 5
Select Key exchange time from the Monitoring Type drop-down list.
In response, the Parameter pane shows latest (Current) key exchange
time.
End of Procedure
Configuring Maintenance Settings
How to Change the Session-Key Lifetime
How to Force a Key Exchange
How to Reset the Key Exchange Fail Counter
How to View the Key Exchange Fail Counter
How to Update the Encryption Module Firmware
How to Switch Off Encryption
How to View the Encryption-Off Timer
How to Switch On Encryption
How to Configure a Network Interface Loopback
How to Change the Session-Key Lifetime
Follow this instruction to change the session-key lifetime from its default value
of “1-DAY”.
The session-key lifetime indicates for how long a session key can still be used
after an exchange of a newly generated session key has failed three times. This
also includes the time that was required entering the wrong password three
times before the key exchange failure.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
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This section provides instructions for maintaining encryption modules. These
subsections are covered:
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 2
Select the encryption module in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 3
Select the module’s network channel (for example CH-1-17-N
OTU2P).
In response, all available information about the entitiy is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 4
Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Maintenance ( see
“How to Change the Administrative State” on p. 260).
Step 5
Select the Crypto tab in the Parameter pane.
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In response the encryption related parameters of the module are displayed.
Step 6
Select Modify.
In response, the Modify window appears.
Step 7
Select the appropriate time from the Session key lifetime drop-down
list.
Step 8
Enter the CO password in the Password field.
Step 9
Select OK to save your settings, or Cancel to cancel them.
End of Procedure
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Managing Encryption Modules
How to Force a Key Exchange
This instruction describes how to manually initiate a key exchange to avoid a
ten-minute timeout before a new session key is exchanged.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the encryption module in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 3
Select the module’s network channel (for example CH-1-17-N
OTU2P).
Step 4
Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Maintenance ( see
“How to Change the Administrative State” on p. 260).
Step 5
Select the Crypto tab in the Parameter pane.
In response the encryption related parameters of the module are displayed.
Step 6
From the Actions button, select Force Key Exchange.
In response the Modify window appears.
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Step 7
Select Key Exchange from the Force key exchange drop-down list.
Step 8
Enter the CO password in the Password field.
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In response, all available information about the entitiy is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 9
Select OK to save your settings, or Cancel to cancel them.
End of Procedure
How to Reset the Key Exchange Fail Counter
This instruction describes how to reset the counter of failed key exchanges. This
is useful:
•
When the key exchange process has failed three times and an attack can
be excluded.
•
After self test.
Requirement
Before resetting, ensure that no attacks caused the key exchange failure and
that the module is operating correctly.
PS
You must not follow this instruction if an attack caused the encryption
to stop.
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Note
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the encryption module in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 3
Select the module’s network channel (for example CH-1-17-N
OTU2P).
In response, all available information about the entitiy is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 4
User Manual
Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Maintenance ( see
“How to Change the Administrative State” on p. 260).
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Managing Encryption Modules
Step 5
Select the Crypto tab in the Parameter pane.
In response the encryption related parameters of the module are displayed.
Step 6
From the Actions button, select Reset Key Exchange Fail Counter.
Step 7
Select Key Exchange Reset from the Key exchange fail reset
drop-down list.
Step 8
Enter the CO password in the Password field.
Step 9
Select OK to save your settings, or Cancel to cancel them.
End of Procedure
How to View the Key Exchange Fail Counter
Follow this instruction to view the counter of failed key exchanges.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the encryption module in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
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In response the Modify window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 3
Select the module’s network channel (for example CH-1-17-N
OTU2P).
In response, all available information about the entitiy is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 4
Select the Monitoring tab.
Step 5
Select Key exchange failed from the Monitoring Type drop-down list.
In response, the Parameter pane shows how many times the key
exchange has failed. The maximum value that can be observed is 3,
because encryption stops after three failed key exchanges.
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End of Procedure
How to Update the Encryption Module Firmware
PS
Note
Updating the firmware of encryption modules is service affecting (SA).
However, if this instruction is completed within 10 minutes, the
module automatically reestablishes the encryption connection to the
far-end module.
Firmware updates for encryption modules are distributed separately from NE
software updates. They are made available through the Customer Portal at
http://www.advaoptical.com/.
Follow this instruction to update the firmware of an encryption module.
Requirement
User Manual
•
The network element (NE) on which the relevant encryption module resides
has to run software release 10.3 or higher. If necessary, update the NE software as described in “Updating NE Software in a Network” on p. 423.
•
Changing security-related parameters on an encryption module always
requires authentication by entering the CO password.
•
Ensure you are familiar with the requirements in “General Requirements” on
p. 123.
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Managing Encryption Modules
Procedure
Step 1
Download the appropriate firmware package from the Customer Portal to a storage location that is addressable by the NE on which the
relevant encryption module resides. This may be your management
PC or an FTP/SCP server.
Step 2
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 3
Select the encryption module in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 4
Select the Crypto tab in the Parameter pane.
Step 5
Select the Modify button.
In response the Modify window appears.
134
Step 6
Select Yes from the Allow FWP Update drop-down list.
Step 7
Enter the exact name of the firmware release (e.g. 1.9.3) to install in
the Firmware Release field.
Step 8
Enter the CO password in the Password field.
Step 9
Select OK to save your settings, or Cancel to cancel them.
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In response the encryption related parameters of the module are displayed.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 10
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Software Control.
In response, the Software Control start window is displayed.
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The Active Software Package and Standby Software Package sections
displays which software package versions that are stored in the active
and Standby Areas of the NE.
Step 11
Select the Update Equipment Firmware (FWP) radio button, and then
select Next to continue.
In response, the Install Equipment Firmware (FWP) page appears.
Step 12
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Select Install Crypto FWP from External.
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Step 13
In response, the Install Crypto FWP from External window appears.
Step 14
Select which protocol to use when downloading the firmware to the
target NE. Use the Protocol drop down list.
If you are not familiar with FTP or SCP, see “About FTP and SCP” on
p. 459 for a brief overview.
Step 15
During a file transfer, the NE's FTP or SCP client identifies itself with
an IP address. In a bi-directional IP communication the two IP hosts
involved need to be able to reach each other. Since both IP hosts
identify each other by the IP addresses in the IP header of the IP
packets, a successful IP communication relies on the availability of
routes for these IP addresses in all the routers along the path
between the IP hosts.
Some network operators may configure their network in such a way
that only the IP range in which the System IP addresses reside will be
routed through their network. In this case it must be made sure that
the FSP 3000R7 NE uses the System IP to identify itself as the
source in the IP header of packets it is sending.
If the network operator has configured his network to route the IP
range in which the IP addresses of the physical IP interfaces reside,
the default IP address as chosen by the IP stack can be used.
Use the Own IP drop-down list to specify the IP address to use in the
IP header as follows:
•
•
136
Select Default-IP if the IP address that the IP stack would choose
by default should be used (this is the IP address of the interface
through which the packet is sent).
Select System IP if the system IP address should be used.
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The options are FTP or SCP. SCP is a more secure protocol. If the
SCP host is unknown, the transfer will fail. The user must therefore
ensure that the known hosts table includes the SCP host.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 16
Enter the IP address of the SCP or FTP server where the firmware
package is located, into the Server field.
Ask IT personnel in your organization for this IP address if you do not
know it.
Step 17
PS
Note
Step 18
Specify the location of the firmware pacakge on the external server by
entering the relative path on the external server into the Path Name
field.
If the relative path has already been defined in the external server
configuration, do not enter anything in the Path Name field. Otherwise,
the download may fail.
In the Login field, enter the user account name to gain access to the
FTP/SCP server.
It depends on the remote server whether the case of this entry as
entered is taken into account before validation by the remote server.
Step 19
In the Password field, enter the password to gain access to the
FTP/SCP server.
It depends on the remote server whether the case of this entry as
entered is taken into account before validation by the remote server.
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Step 20
Select OK to start the upload, or Cancel to discard your entries and
return to the Backup/Restore window.
Progress is displayed in the lower, left corner of the Backup/Restore
window.
Step 21
Select the encryption module to update the firmware package for in
the Select Equipment list.
Ensure that the correct firmware revisions of the relevant encryption
module are displayed:
•
•
User Manual
The FWP Rev. column displays the current module firmware revision.
The NCU ACT FWP Rev. displays the revision that becomes
active on the module when updated.
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Managing Encryption Modules
Step 22
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Update of equipment page appears.
Select Start Upgrade to start the update process, and select Yes in the
confirmation window that appears.
PS
The update cannot be stopped.
Note
During the update, the Status field will display the status for each
module. The following messages are used:
•
•
•
•
•
Step 24
Pending, which indicates that the process hasn’t started yet.
Checking Status, which indicates that the Element Manager is
waiting for access to the update process on the NE.
Updating which indicates that the Element Manager is checking if
an NCU software update or FWP update is already ongoing.
Finished, which indicates that the Element Manager update process successfully finished. However, the reboot of the modules
may not yet be completed.
Failed, which indicates that the process has failed and the FWP
has not been updated.
Select Finish to close the Software Control window.
End of Procedure
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Step 23
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
How to Switch Off Encryption
This instruction describes how to switch off encryption for an encryption module.
Switching off encryption involves enabling transparent mode for the module.
PS
Note
Switching off encryption is itself not service affecting (NSA). However,
when encryption is switched on again, regardless of whether this is
done manually or automatically after 30 minutes, the following
generation and exchange of a new session key affects service (SA).
Only switch off encryption for:
•
maintenance purposes, for example setting up network interface loopbacks
•
reconfiguring encryption modules
•
initially setting up an encryption link
If switched off, encryption will automatically be reestablished after 30 minutes,
but you can manually restart it any time earlier.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
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In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the encryption module in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 3
Select the module’s network channel (for example CH-1-17-N
OTU2P).
In response, all available information about the entitiy is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 4
Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Maintenance ( see
“How to Change the Administrative State” on p. 260).
Step 5
Select the Crypto tab in the Parameter pane.
In response the encryption related parameters of the module are displayed.
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Step 6
Select the Modify button.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 7
Select Yes from the Allow transparent mode drop-down list.
Step 8
Enter the CO password in the Password field.
Step 9
Select OK to save your settings, or Cancel to cancel them.
In response, the Set transparent mode field becomes editable.
Step 10
Select the Modify button.
Step 11
Select Yes from the Set transparent mode drop-down list.
Step 12
Enter the CO password in the Password field.
Step 13
Select OK to save your settings, or Cancel to cancel them.
If the Set transparent mode field displays Yes, encryption has successfully been switched off. Additionally, the N-port LED turns yellow indicating that traffic is not encrypted in transmission direction.
End of Procedure
How to View the Encryption-Off Timer
This instruction describes how long time encryption has been switched off.
When encryption is switched off, the module operates in transparent mode.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the encryption module in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 3
Select the module’s network channel (for example CH-1-17-N
OTU2P).
In response, all available information about the entitiy is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
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In response the Modify window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 4
Select the Monitoring tab.
Step 5
Select Encryption off Time from the Monitoring Type drop-down list.
In response, the Parameter pane shows the time in minutes that
encryption has been switched off.
End of Procedure
How to Switch On Encryption
This instruction describes how to manually encryption switch on. Switching off
encryption involves disabling transparent mode for the module.
This procedure is service affecting (SA):
PS
Note
Having finished this procedure, it takes a few minutes until encryption
has completely reestablished itself. This is because a new session
key has to be generated. Traffic is interrupted during that time, as
there is no transmission without key exchange.
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Requirements
•
Encryption was manually switched off (or transparent mode enabled) by the
CO before.
•
Since encryption will be reestablished after 30 minutes, check how long
encryption had been switched off already to ascertain whether it is necessary to follow this instruction (see “How to View the Encryption-Off Timer”
on p. 140).
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the encryption module in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 3
Select the module’s network channel (for example CH-1-17-N
OTU2P).
In response, all available information about the entitiy is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 4
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Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Maintenance ( see
“How to Change the Administrative State” on p. 260).
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Managing Encryption Modules
Step 5
Select the Crypto tab in the Parameter pane.
In response the encryption related parameters of the module are displayed.
Step 6
Select the Modify button.
Step 7
Select No from the Set transparent mode drop-down list.
Step 8
Select No from the Allow transparent mode drop-down list.
Step 9
Enter the CO password in the Password field.
Step 10
Select OK to save your settings, or Cancel to cancel them.
Step 11
If relevant, verify the that the first key exchange has taken place as
described in How to View the Key Exchange.
End of Procedure
How to Configure a Network Interface Loopback
This instruction describes how to set facility or terminal loopbacks on the network interface for test purposes.
Requirement
Encryption is switched off.
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In response the Modify window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the encryption module in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 3
Select the module’s network channel (for example CH-1-17-N
OTU2P).
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
In response, all available information about the entitiy is displayed in
the Parameter pane.
Step 4
Set the administrative state (Admin State field) to Maintenance ( see
“How to Change the Administrative State” on p. 260).
Step 5
Select the Operation tab.
Step 6
Select the Modify button.
Step 7
In reponse the Modify Operation window appears.
Step 8
Select the relevant loopback from the Loopback drop-down list:
• ORP-FACILITY - A facility loopback is used to test the communication link between the near-end and far-end encryption module.
That is, data received at the near-end network port is sent back to
the far-end encryption module.
• ORP-TERMINAL - A terminal loopback is to test the communication link between the near-end encryption module and the Customer Premises Equipment (CPE). That is, data multiplexed at
the client ports is looped back at the network port. The laser of the
network port is switched off.
• RLS - To release a loopback.
Step 9
Select OK to save your settings, or Cancel to cancel them.
End of Procedure
Creating Protection Groups
This section describes how to create protection groups. It assumes that the relevant channel modules and protection modules are already correctly provisioned.
FSP 3000R7 supports three types of protection:
User Manual
•
channel protection
•
channel card protection
•
client channel card protection
•
virtual channel protection
•
versatile protection
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Creating Protection Groups
In the following the procedures for configuring each of these protection groups
are described.
The following topics are provided:
“How to Create a Channel Protection Group” on p. 144
“How to Create a Channel Card Protection Group” on p. 147
“How to Create a Client Channel Card Protection Group” on p. 152
“How to Create a Virtual Channel Protection Group” on p. 156
“How to Create an Ethernet Linear Protection Group” on p. 158
“How to Create a Versatile Protection Group” on p. 162
“How to Delete a Protection Group” on p. 164
How to Create a Channel Protection Group
This section describes how to create a channel protection group or a channel
card protection group in the internal database, using the Create window.
Creating a protection group means associating two network side ports together
in a group.
•
A channel module with two pluggable transceivers on the network side must
already be provisioned using the correct transmission mode. It must be set
to operate either in “Transponder HST” or “Multiplexer HST” mode. See
“How to Create a Module” on p. 87.
•
The two network side pluggable transceivers must already be provisioned.
The plugs may differ in provisioned channel, reach and rate, but they must
both be provisioned to the same equipment type. See “How to Create a
Plug” on p. 92.
•
Channels must already be provisioned on these two plugs. The facility type,
ALS mode, error forwarding, and signal degrade threshold and hold-off
period parameters must be provisioned alike on both channels. These
parameters are not relevant for all facility types. See “How to Clone a Channel (Port)” on p. 96.
Procedure
Step 1
If you are provisioning protection as a part of installation:
a) Use the Service and Configuration documents in the Installation
Plan to identify the location of the channel module that shall be
used to realize protection of the channel.
b) Make a note of the channel module type and its location.
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Requirements
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Step 2
If you are provisioning protection as a part of testing:
a) If you are configuring a Network Element with equipment that is
physically in place:
• Identify the channel module type that can support this protection method.
• Make a note of the location that contains such a channel
module.
b) If you are configuring a currently un-equipped Network Element:
Make a note of the channel module type that can support the protection method.
Step 3
Select the relevant NE in the Entities pane.
Step 4
Verify that the channel module is provisioned in accordance with the
requirements.
Step 5
If network side pluggables are supported: Verify that the two network
side pluggable transceiver cages are already provisioned in accordance with the requirements.
Step 6
Verify that the two network side channels are already provisioned in
accordance with the requirements.
Step 7
Select the channel module. Use the left hand hierarchical entity list in
the Create window for this selection.
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If the required entities have been provisioned already, the Create window will display the Create Protection Group list section on the right
side. This is a list of AID addresses for the protection groups that can
be created.
Step 8
Select the relevant protection group AID address from the list. The
working path will be on the corresponding port/channel.
In response the Create Protection Group wizard starts. Each page in
the wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters
Step 2, etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep
track of how far you have come.
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Creating Protection Groups
Step 9
Enter parameters as follows, not all are applicable for all module
types:
a) Use the Working AID drop-down list to select which port/channel
shall be used for the working path.
b) Use the Protection AID drop-down list to select which port/channel
shall be used for the protection path.
c) The Protection Mechanism field displays protection mechanism for
this protection group; Channel Protection.
e) Use the APS Hold-Off drop-down list to select the correct hold-off
time to use.
The hold-off is the period of time, in milliseconds, that initiation of
an automatic protection switch will be delayed after a detected
failure condition. The hold-off time coordinates timing of protection switches in cases with multiple layers or cascaded protection
domains.
f)
Use the Revertive drop-down list to specify whether the protection
group shall be revertive or not.
A revertive protection group will switch back to the working path
once the condition that caused the protection switch has been
cleared.
g) Use the Switch Trigger On SD drop-down list to enable or disable
whether a signal degrade condition shall be regarded as a protection switching related failure.
Your selection of protection level under Maintenance Switching
decides which signal layer that signal degrade conditions are
considered from.
Step 10
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect and you used the Create Protection
Group option: Select Back to go back and correct the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response the Result window appears.
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Step 11
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Result page.
Step 12
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
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d) Use the Maintenance Switching drop-down list to select the protection level. The options depend on the module type, the following
are examples:
• LINE/MSP: SDH/Sonet Multiplex Section/Line layer protection:
• SNC-N-PM: Sub-network connection protection with
non-intrusive monitoring (OTN)
• PHYS: Physical layer protection
• PCS: Physical Coding Sublayer protection
• MUX: Proprietary multiplexed signal protection
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 13
Check that the settings you made for the protection group are correct
by right-clicking the channel module and selecting Protection from the
context-sensitive menu that appears.
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In response the Protection window appears.
Close the window by selecting Close.
Step 14
The protection group has been successfully created for the channels
in this NE.
End of Procedure
How to Create a Channel Card Protection Group
This section describes how to create a channel card protection group in the
internal database, using the Create window. Creating a channel card protection
group means associating two network side ports together in a group.
Both manual creation of the channel group as well as assisted creation of the
channel group is described. Assisted creation means that the Element Manager
forcefully aligns the protection network channel with the working network channel at the same time as it creates the channel card protection group.
The forceful alignment includes deletion of existing entities and creation of new
ones. The extent of the forceful alignment is as follows:
•
User Manual
All client entities provisioned on the working module will automatically be
copied to the module defined as the protection module. If client entities exist
on the protection module, and differ in protection relevant parameters from
the ones of the working module, they will be aligned forcefully. Any already
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Creating Protection Groups
provisioned client channel facility (e.g. ECC) on the protection module will
not be aligned forcefully but will remain unaffected.
•
All network entities provisioned on the working module will automatically be
copied to the module defined as the protection module. If the network channel facilities require a forceful alignment and an already provisioned ECC
would no longer be available, the ECC will be deleted.
Requirements
Two channel modules in the same shelf, and of the same type, must already
be provisioned. Channel card protection between normal and tunable variants is supported. For example between 10TCC10G-D and 10TCC10GT-D.
The channel modules must be provisioned in accordance with:
o
o
The channel module pair must have transmission modes Transponder,
Transponder East, Transponder West, Multiplexer, Multiplexer East, or
Multiplexer West.
Deployment Scenario cannot be Back To Back or Client Layer Protection.
•
If the channel modules have a pluggable transceiver cage on the network
side, these plugs must already be provisioned. The plugs may differ in provisioned channel, reach and rate, but they must both be provisioned to the
same equipment type.
•
Network ports (channels) must already be provisioned on these two channel
modules or plugs. They must be provisioned identically in order to support
any APS mechanism and to support consistent switching triggers.
Procedure
Step 1
Use the Service and Configuration documents in the Installation Plan
to identify the location of the channel modules that shall be used to
realize protection.
Step 2
Select the relevant NE in the Entities pane.
Step 3
Verify for the channel modules that they are provisioned in accordance with the requirements.
Step 4
If network side pluggables are supported: Verify that the network side
pluggable transceiver cages on the two channel modules are already
provisioned in accordance with the requirements.
If you plan to use the option of creating a protection group where the
protection path configuration is forcefully aligned with the working
path, then you only need to ensure that the network plug of the working module is correctly configured.
Step 5
Verify that the two network side channels are already provisioned in
accordance with the requirements.
If you plan to use the option of creating a protection group where the
protection path configuration is forcefully aligned with the working
path, then you only need to ensure that the network channel of the
working module is correctly configured.
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•
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 6
Make a choice:
• To create a protection group: Go to Step 7.
This means that you must have manually aligned the parameters
in Step 4 and Step 5.
• To create a protection group and let the NE forcefully align the
required parameters of the protection plug and protection network
channel to those of the working plug and working network channel: Go to Step 9.
During the process you will have the option of adjusting some
parameters before the forced alignment.
Step 7
Select the working channel module. Use the left hand hierarchical
entity list in the Provisioning Manager window for this selection.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
If the required entities have been provisioned already, the Create window will display the Create Protection Group list section on the right
side. This is a list of AID addresses for the protection groups that can
be created.
Step 8
Select the relevant protection group AID address from the list. The
working path will be on the corresponding port/channel.
In response the Create Protection Group wizard starts. Each page in
the wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters
Step 2, etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep
track of how far you have come.
Continue from Step 10.
Step 9
Right-click the network channel that shall be the working path in the
hierarchical list in the Entities pane, and select Force Protection Creation from the context sensitive menu that appears.
In response the Force Protection Group wizard starts. Each page in the
wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters Step 2,
etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep track of
how far you have come.
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Step 10
In the Parameters Step pages, enter values for the following parameters. Not all parameters are settable or supported by all channel module types.
a) Use the Working AID drop-down list to select which port/channel
shall be used for the working path.
b) Use the Protection AID drop-down list to select which port/channel
shall be used for the protection path.
c) Use the Protection Mechanism drop-down list to select the relevant protection mechanism for the protection group.
This parameter may not be settable for all channel module types.
e) Use the Revertive drop-down list to specify whether the protection
group shall be revertive or not. Select Yes to set the revertive
mode or select No to set the non-revertive mode.
A revertive protection group will switch back to the working path
once the condition that caused the protection switch has been
cleared.
f)
Use the Maintenance Switching drop-down list to select the protection level. The options depend on the module type, the following
are examples:
• LINE/MSP: SDH/Sonet Multiplex Section/Line layer protection
• SNC-N-PM: Sub-network connection protection with
non-intrusive monitoring (OTN)
• PHYS: Physical layer protection
• PCS: Physical Coding Sublayer protection
• MUX: Proprietary multiplexed signal protection
g) Use the Switch Trigger On SD drop-down list to enable or disable
whether a signal degrade condition shall be regarded as a protection switching related failure.
Your selection of protection level under Maintenance Switching
decides which signal layer that signal degrade conditions are
considered from.
h) Use the Directionally drop-down list to set the switching direction
to uni- or bi-directional.
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d) Use the APS Hold-Off drop-down list to select the correct hold-off
time to use.
The hold-off is the period of time, in milliseconds, that initiation of
an automatic protection switch will be delayed after a detected
failure condition. The hold-off time coordinates timing of protection switches in cases with multiple layers or cascaded protection
domains.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 11
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
If you created the protection group using forced alignment: A warning
window will appear to inform you that the forced alignment is service
affecting and that all dependent entities will be removed. You must
continue. Afterwards the Result window appears.
Otherwise: The Result window appears.
Step 12
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Result page.
Step 13
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
Step 14
Check that the settings you made for the protection group are correct
by right-clicking the channel module and selecting Protection from the
context-sensitive menu that appears.
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In response the Protection window appears.
Close the window by selecting Close.
Step 15
The protection group has been successfully created for the channels
in this NE.
End of Procedure
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How to Create a Client Channel Card Protection
Group
This section describes how to create a client channel card protection group in
the internal database, using the Create window. Creating a client channel card
protection group means associating two client side channels (same port number) together in a group.
Both manual creation of the client channel group as well as assisted creation of
the client channel group is described. Assisted creation means that the Element
Manager forcefully aligns the protection client channel with the working client
channel at the same time as it creates the channel card protection group.
The forceful alignment includes deletion of existing entities and creation of new
ones. The extent of the forceful alignment is as follows:
•
The client entity on the working module will automatically be copied to the
module defined as the protection module. If the same client entity on the
protection module differs in protection relevant parameters from the ones of
the working module, it will be aligned forcefully. Any other client entities will
remain unaffected.
•
Two channel modules in the same shelf, and of the same type, must already
be provisioned.The channel modules must be provisioned in accordance
with:
o
o
o
The channel module pair must have the correct transmission modes, for
example Multiplexer East and Multiplexer West. Hot standby modes are
not allowed.
Deployment Scenario cannot be Client Layer Protection.
For some modules the correct module capability must be selected to
allow client channel card protection. This is normally readable directly
from the capability drop-down list. Otherwise the Compatibiltiy Matrix
list the capabilities for each module.
•
If the channel modules have a pluggable transceiver cage on the client side:
These plugs must already be provisioned, and provisioned alike since a protection switch is not allowed to change the signal in any way.
•
Client ports (channels) must already be provisioned on these two channel
modules or plugs. They must be provisioned alike since a protection switch
is not allowed to change the signal in any way.
•
Client channel protection can only be defined for alike ports, for example;
between C1 and C1, or between C3 and C3.
Procedure
152
Step 1
Use the Service and Configuration documents in the Installation Plan
to identify the location of the channel modules that shall be used to
realize the client channel card protection group.
Step 2
Select the relevant NE in the Entities pane.
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Requirements
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 3
Verify that the channel modules are in place and provisioned in accordance with the requirements.:
Step 4
If client side pluggables are supported: Verify that the client side pluggable transceiver cages on the two channel modules are already provisioned according to the requirements.
If you plan to use the option of creating a protection group where the
protection path configuration is forcefully aligned with the working
path, then you only need to ensure that the client plug of the working
module is correctly configured and that the client plug on the protection module has been created on the correct port.
Step 5
Verify that the two client side channels are already provisioned
according to the requirements.
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If you to use the option of creating a protection group where the protection path configuration is forcefully aligned with the working path,
then you only need to ensure that the client channel of the working
module is correctly configured and that the client channel on the protection module has been created on the correct port.
Step 6
Make a choice:
To create a protection group: Go to Step 7.This means that you
must have manually aligned the parameters in Step 4 and Step 5.
• To create a protection group and let the NE forcefully align the
required parameters of the protection client plug and protection
channel to those of the working client plug and working channel:
Go to Step 9.
During the process you will have the option of adjusting some
parameters before the forced alignment takes place.
Step 7
Select the working channel module. Use the left hand hierarchical
entity list in the Provisioning Manager window (see “Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually” on p. 83) for this selection.
If the required entities have been provisioned already, the Provisioning Manager window will display the Create Protection Group list section on the right side. This is a list of AID addresses for the protection
groups that can be created.
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Creating Protection Groups
Step 8
Select the relevant protection group AID address from the list. The
working path will be on the corresponding port/channel.
In response the Create Protection Group wizard starts. Each page in
the wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters
Step 2, etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep
track of how far you have come.
Continue from Step 10.
Step 9
Right-click the client channel that shall be the working path in the hierarchical list in the Entities pane, and select Force Protection Creation
from the context sensitive menu that appears.
In response the Force Protection Group wizard starts. Each page in the
wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters Step 2,
etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep track of
how far you have come.
Step 10
In the Parameters Step 1 page, enter the following values. Not all
parameters are settable or supported for all channel module types:
a) Use the Working AID drop-down list to select which port/channel
shall be used for the working path.
c) The Protection Mechanism field shows the protection mechanism
for this protection group, which is CLIENT CARD.
d) The Maintenance Switching field shows the protection level, which
is Multiplexer. This means that this is proprietary multiplexed signal protection.
e) Use the APS Hold-Off drop-down list to select the correct hold-off
time to use.
The hold-off is the period of time, in milliseconds, that initiation of
an automatic protection switch will be delayed after a detected
failure condition. The hold-off time coordinates timing of protection switches in cases with multiple layers or cascaded protection
domains.
f)
154
Use the Revertive drop-down list to specify whether the protection
group shall be revertive or not.
A revertive protection group will switch back to the working path
once the condition that caused the protection switch has been
cleared.
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b) Use the Protection AID drop-down list to select which port/channel
shall be used for the protection path.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 11
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
If you created the protection group using forced alignment: A warning
window will appear to inform you that the forced alignment is service
affecting and that all dependent entities will be removed. You must
continue. Afterwards the Result window appears.
Otherwise: The Result window appears.
Step 12
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Result page.
Step 13
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
Step 14
Check that the settings you made for the protection group are correct
by right-clicking the channel module and selecting Protection from the
context-sensitive menu that appears.
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In response the Protection window appears.
Close the window by selecting Close.
Step 15
The protection group has been successfully created for this client
channel, in this NE.
End of Procedure
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Creating Protection Groups
How to Create a Virtual Channel Protection Group
This section describes how to create a virtual channel protection group in the
internal database, using the Provisioning Manager window.
Creating a virtual channel protection group means associating two network side
virtual channels together, in a group.
•
A 4TCA-PCN-4GU+4G must already be provisioned to operate in ADM
mode. See “How to Create a Module” on p. 87.
•
The two network side pluggable transceiver cages must already be provisioned. The plugs may differ in provisioned channel, reach and rate, but
they must both be provisioned to the same equipment type. See “How to
Create a Plug” on p. 92.
•
Network side ports (channels) must already be provisioned. The facility
type, ALS mode, error forwarding, and signal degrade threshold and
hold-off period parameters must be provisioned alike on both ports. See
“How to Create a Port” on p. 93.
•
Virtual channels (VCHs) must already be provisioned on the two network
ports. Both ports must be provisioned alike.
•
The client side pluggable transceiver cage must already be provisioned.
See “How to Create a Plug” on p. 92.
•
A client side channel must already be provisioned on the client port. See
“How to Create a Port” on p. 93.
•
Cross connects between the client channel and the east virtual channel,
and between the client channel and the west virtual channel must already
be provisioned. See “How to Create an ADM or ROADM Cross Connection”
on p. 168.
Procedure
Step 1
If you are provisioning protection as a part of installation:
a) Use the Service and Configuration documents in the Installation
Plan to identify the location of the channel module that shall be
used to realize protection of the virtual channel.
b) Make a note of the channel module type and its location.
Step 2
If you are provisioning protection as a part of testing:
a) If you are configuring a Network Element with equipment that is
physically in place:
• Identify the channel module type that can support this protection method.
• Make a note of the location that contains such a channel
module.
b) If you are configuring a currently un-equipped Network Element:
Make a note of the channel module type that can support the protection method.
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Requirements for creating a channel protection group
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 3
Select the relevant NE in the Entities pane.
Step 4
Open the Provisioning Manager window, as described in “Creating
Equipment/Facilities Manually” on p. 83.
Step 5
Select the channel module in the location you identified in step 1 or
step 2. Use the left hand hierarchical entity list in the Provisioning
Manager window for this selection.
If the required entities have been provisioned already, the Provisioning Manager window will display the Create Protection Group list section on the right side. This is a list of AID addresses for the protection
groups that can be created.
Step 6
Select the relevant protection group AID address from the list. The
working path will be on the corresponding port/virtual channel.
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In response the Create Protection Group wizard starts. Each page in
the wizard has a title. The titles are: Parameters Step 1, Parameters
Step 2, etc. The final page has the title Confirm. This helps you keep
track of how far you have come.
Step 7
In the Parameters Step 1 page, do as follows:
a) Use the Protection Mechanism drop-down list to select path protection.
b) Use the Working AID drop-down list to select which port/channel
shall be used for the working path.
c) Use the Protection AID drop-down list to select which port/channel
shall be used for the protection path.
d) Use the APS Hold-Off drop-down list to specify the hold off time
before a protection switch takes place after the protection switching criteria are fulfilled.
Step 8
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete window appears.
Step 9
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Check that the protection group was successfully created See “How
to view Single Protection Group Settings (Method A)” on p. 246.
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Creating Protection Groups
Step 10
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 11
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 12
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
Step 13
If all other modules that are required to realize the channel that is protected are physically in place and provisioned: The channel is protected.
How to Create an Ethernet Linear Protection Group
To configure Ethernet linear protection, follow the procedure describing this in
the FSP 3000 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
Creating an Ethernet linear protection group means associating two flow points
together in a group.
This type of protection is only supported for the xPCA modules.
This section describes how to create an Ethernet linear protection group in the
internal database using the Flow Connections window.
Requirements for creating an Ethernet linear protection
group
•
The three Ethernet ports (ETHs) must already be configured, where the two
ports holding the working and protection flow points must have role I-NNI.
See “How to Create an Ethernet Port (ETH)” on p. 101.
•
The working and protection flow points must already be configured, and
cross-connected to the flow point holding the service to protect. See “How to
Create a Flow Point (FLW)” on p. 184 and “How to Create a Flow Cross
Connection” on p. 196.
•
CFM maintenance flows for the working and protection paths must already
be configured. See “Configuring Ethernet OAM/CFM” on p. 325.
Procedure
158
Step 1
Use the Service and Configuration documents in the Installation Plan
to identify the location of the xPCA channel module that shall be used
to realize protection of the Ethernet EVC. Make a note of the channel
module type and its location.
Step 2
Select the relevant NE in the Entities pane.
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This section supports the procedure in the FSP 3000 Provisioning and Operations Manual by giving more detailed guidance on using the Element Manager
to create the Ethernet linear protection group. The procedure in this section
should only be followed for additional support in conjunction with the procedure
for configuring Ethernet linear protection in the FSP 3000 Provisioning and
Operations Manual.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 3
Right-click the xPCA channel module in the location you identified in
step 1, and select Flow Connections from the menu that appears.
In response the Flow Connections window appears.
Step 4
Select the Ethernet Linear Protection Groups tab.
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In response the Flow Connections window content changes.
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Creating Protection Groups
Step 5
Select Create to start the Create Ethernet Linear Protection wizard.
In response the Create Protection Group wizard starts.
Each page in the wizard has a title. This helps you keep track of how
far you have come.
In the Ethernet Linear Protection entities to create page do as follows:
a) Select the Ethernet linear protection group entity (FFP) that represents the working path.
The Ethernet linear protection group entities that are possible to
create are displayed using the syntax
FFP_FLW_<shelf>-<slot>-<port>-F<SVID>. Thus for the same
SVID there are two possible protection group entities (FFPs),
where the difference is the port. However, once you select one of
them, the other cannot be created.
b) Select Next to continue.
In response the Working and Protection page appears.
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Step 6
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 7
In the Working and Protection page, do as follows:
a) Ensure that the displayed working flow point AID is correct.
b) Select Next to continue.
In response the Parameters Step 1 page appears.
Step 8
In the Parameters Step 1 page, do as follows:
a) The CFM maintenance flows which monitor the working and protection paths are associated with a Maintenance Domain. Use the
Monitored Domain Level drop-down list to select the level that this
Maintenance Domain has.
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b) Select Next to continue.
In response the Confirm page appears.
Step 9
In the Confirm page do as follows:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Result page appears.
User Manual
Step 10
Check that the protection group was successfully created See “How
to view Single Protection Group Settings (Method A)” on p. 246.
Step 11
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Result page.
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Step 12
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Flow Connections window.
Step 13
Close the Flow Connections window by selecting Close.
Step 14
If the working and protection flow points have been correctly
cross-connected to the flow point to protect.: The Ethernet E-Line
EVC is protected.
End of Procedure
How to Create a Versatile Protection Group
This procedure describes how to create a versatile protection group for a channel group or a line.
•
A VSM and 2OSCM or OSCM-P module must already be provisioned. See
“How to Create a Module” on p. 87.
•
Two network side ports (channels) must already be provisioned on this
channel module. See “How to Create a Port” on p. 93.
Procedure
Step 1
If you are provisioning protection as a part of installation:
a) Use the Service and Configuration documents in the Installation
Plan to identify the location of the VSM module that shall be used.
b) Make a note of the module’s location.
162
Step 2
If you are provisioning protection as a part of testing:
• If you are configuring a Network Element with equipment that is
physically in place: Identify the VSM module and make a note of
its location.
Step 3
Select the relevant NE in the Entities pane.
Step 4
Open the Provisioning Manager window, as described in “Creating
Equipment/Facilities Manually” on p. 83.
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Requirements
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 5
Select the VCM in the location you identified in step 1 or step 2. Use
the left hand hierarchical entity list in the Provisioning Manager window
for this selection.
If the required entities have been provisioned, the Provisioning Manager window will display the Create Protection Group list section on the
right side.
Step 6
Provision the protection group as described in “How to Create a
Channel Protection Group” on p. 144 or “How to Create a Channel
Card Protection Group” on p. 147.
Step 7
If all other modules that are required to realize the protection are
physically in place and provisioned: The protection is active.
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End of Procedure
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Creating Protection Groups
How to Delete a Protection Group
This instruction describes how to delete a protection group using the Protection
window.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant channel module that is used in a protection group.
Step 2
Either right-click the module and select Protection from the context
sensitive menu that appears, or select Configuration->Protection from
the Main Menu.
Step 3
Select the correct protection group, using the Protection Group
drop-down list.
This list contains the FFP-CH entities, and there is one entity for each
end channel in the protection group. For example, FFP-CH-1-18-NE1
and FFP-CH-1-18-NW1 can be defined to be in a protection group.
You can select either of these two here, meaning that the information
about that protection group can be viewed by selecting either of the
two FFP entities.
Step 4
Select the Delete button.
Both FFP-CH entities that are part of the protection group will be
deleted.
Step 5
Close the Protection window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
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In response, the Protection window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Creating ADM and ROADM Cross
Connections
This section describes how to create Add-Drop Multiplexer (ADM) cross-connections and Re-configurable Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer (ROADM)
cross-connections, and how to keep an overview of the cross connects on an
individual NE. It assumes that the relevant modules are already correctly provisioned.
ADM cross-connections are supported by the 4TCA-PC-4GU+4G-V channel
module, while ROADM cross-connections are supported by the
ROADM-C40/40/2-3HU-2DC shelf, the 8ROADM-C40/0/OPM module and the
ROADM-C80/0/OPM module.
Each cross connection is built up from one or two 1 way cross connect primitives. A bi-directional cross connection is built up from two 1 way cross connect
primitives. For example: One 1 way cross connect primitive from CH-1-20-C3 to
VCH-1-20-NW3 and one 1 way cross connect primitive from VCH-1-20-NW3 to
CH-1-20-C3 together form a bi-directional cross connection between
CH-1-20-C3 and VCH-1-20-NW3. Each primitive must be created individually,
and the Create Cross Connection wizard supports the user in doing this easily.
The following topics are provided:
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“How to View ADM and ROADM Cross Connections” on p. 166
“How to Create an ADM or ROADM Cross Connection” on p. 168
“How to Create a 1 Way ADM or ROADM Cross Connect Primitive” on p. 175
“How to Enable a ROADM Cross-connection” on p. 179
“How to Delete a Bi-directional ADM or ROADM Cross Connection” on p. 180
“How to Delete 1 Way ADM or ROADM Cross Connect Primitives” on p. 181
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How to View ADM and ROADM Cross Connections
This section describes how to view ADM and ROADM cross connections. This
can be done only for the whole NE, not individually per module.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Cross Connections.
The following information is provided in this window:
Column Name
Description
From/To
These columns displays the AID for the channel
(CH) or the virtual channel bundle (VCH) where
the cross connect starts from, and ends.
The double arrow indicates a bi-directional cross
connection, while a single arrow indicates a
unidirectional cross connection as well as the
direction of it. When the symbol is red, this
indicates that the cross connections’s state is
Disabled, while green indicates that it is
In Service. For the 4TCA-PC-4GU+4G-V, there is
no state, and the color is always green.
This column displays Bi to indicate that the cross
connection is bi-directional.
This column displays which facility type that uses
this cross connections.
Graphic symbol
Connection Direction
Facility Type
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In response the Cross Connections window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Column Name
Description
Function
This column displays Add/Drop or Pass thru to
indicate whether the cross connection is used for
adding/dropping traffic, or for passing it through
the NE.
This column shows the joint administrative state of
the from/to entities. If one or both of the entities is
Disabled, this column displays Disabled. If both
are In Service, In Service is shown here. The state
column is not applicable to cross-connections on
the 4TCA-PC-4GU+4G-V module.If both are
Disabled, Disabled is shown here.
State
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Step 2
Step 3
Customize the information that is displayed in the Cross Connections
window:
• Use the Equipment drop down list to specify which equipment to
display cross-connections for in the window.
• Sort the table based on a column, by clicking the column title.
This toggles between ascending and descending display.
•
Adjust the column widths to match the content by clicking the
icon and selecting Pack All Columns or Pack Selected Column from
the list that appears.
•
Turn off display of a column by clicking the
icon and selecting
the column name from the list that appears. A check mark indicates that the column will be displayed.
•
Turn on display of a horizontal scroll bar by clicking the
icon
and selecting Horizontal Scroll from the list that appears. A check
mark indicates that the horizontal scroll bar will be displayed.
If the
symbol is displayed when you expected the
symbol:
You have not created the return direction for the cross connect yet.
Create it as follows:
a) Double-click the entry.
In response, the Cross Connection Details window appears.
b) In the Cross Connection Details window, find the Create button.
You can see which channel (CH) and Virtual channel bundle
(VSH) that form the missing 1 way cross connect primitive.
c) Select the Create button.
In response, the Create Cross Connection wizard appears.
d) Follow the instructions in the Create Cross Connection wizard to
finish the creation of the missing 1 way cross connect primitive.
Upon completion, you will be returned to the Cross Connection
Details window.
e) Select Close to return to the Cross Connections window.
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Creating ADM and ROADM Cross Connections
Step 4
If appropriate you can:
• Select Print to print the Cross Connections list.
• Select Save to save the Cross Connections list as a comma separated file.
• Select Refresh to update the content of the window.
Step 5
Select Close to finish viewing the cross connections.
End of Procedure
How to Create an ADM or ROADM Cross Connection
This section describes how to create an ADM or ROADM cross connection. A
cross connection consists of one or two 1 way cross connect primitives, where a
bi-directional cross-connection requires two 1 way cross-connect primitives.
These primitives must be created individually, and the Create Cross Connection
wizard supports the user in doing this easily.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Cross Connections.
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In response the Cross Connections window appears.
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Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 2
Select the Create button.
In response, the Create Cross Connection wizard appears.
Step 3
Use the Equipment drop-down list in the Filter section to select which
module(s) you wish to display CH or VCH facilities for.
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In response the From Port list displays all channels (CHs) and virtual
channel bundles (VCHs) on the module or on the NE that can be
cross connected.
Step 4
Identify the CH or VCH facilities that shall be used to form the 1 way
cross connect primitive of the cross connection.
If you cannot see the CH or VCH facility that you need: It has not been
created yet, and you must create it before returning to this step again.
See “How to Create a Port” on p. 93 or “How to Create a Virtual Channel” on p. 100 for guidance on creating CHs and VCHs.
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Creating ADM and ROADM Cross Connections
Step 5
Specify the1 way cross connect primitive of the cross connection. Do
as follows:
a) Select the CH or VCH facility from which the cross connection
shall start.
This will have impact on the direction of the 1 way cross connect
primitive.
b) Select Next to continue.
In response, the To Port page appears.
d) Select Next to continue.
In response, the Parameters Step 1 page appears.
e) Specify whether the cross connection shall be bi-directional or
uni-directional by using the Direction drop-down list.
f)
For a ROADM cross connection: Use the Path Node drop-down
list to specify which number this node is in the sequence of nodes
that the optical pathway (channel) traverses. The nodes are
counted from client signal ingress to egress. This parameter is
required to allow scheduled equalization on the channel.
A service can be added in one node, passed through in the next
and dropped in the third. This example involves three nodes.
g) For a ROADM cross connection: Use the Facility Type drop-down
list to specify which facility type that will be transported through
the optical pathway (channel) this cross-connection represents.
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c) From the To Port, select the CH or VCH facility from which the
cross connection shall start.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 6
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Confirm page appears.
Step 7
Check the displayed information about the first 1 way cross connect
primitive.
If this does not look correct: Select Back to make corrections, or Cancel to close the Create Cross Connection wizard and return to the
Cross Connections window.
If this does look correct: Confirm by selecting Next.
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In response an informational window appears.
Step 8
If this is meant to be a bi-directional cross connection: Select OK and
the wizard will create the reverse direction for you.
Otherwise: Select Cancel.
In both case the Result page appears.
Step 9
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Select Finish to return to the Cross Connections window.
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Creating ADM and ROADM Cross Connections
Step 10
If relevant: Add an alias/comment to the 1 way cross connect primitive. Do as follows:
a) In the Cross Connections window, select the cross connection you
just created.
b) Select the Details button.
In response, the Cross Connection Details window appears.
d) Select Close to return to the Cross Connections window.
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c) select the Modify button and enter an alias/comment.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 11
If this is a ROADM cross-connect primitive: Edit the settings for the
cross-connections as relevant. Do as follows:
a) Select the cross connection you just created.
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b) Select the Details button.
In response, the Cross Connection Details window appears.
c) For the 1 way cross connect primitive, select the Modify button.
d) If the control plane is in use: The Tunnel AID field will show which
tunnel that this cross-connection is associated with. Do not edit
this field, the control plane controls this field when applicable.
The Red Lined State indicates whether a cross-connection is
allowed to be deleted or not. If required, change the Red Lined
State setting.
• Yes indicates that you are not allowed to delete the connection. This is typically the case if the control plane is in use, in
which case the control plane deletes the connection as
required. In this case: do not change this setting. You could
also set the red lined state to Yes without the control plane
being in use. This would help prevent accidentally deleting a
cross-connection.
• No indicates that you are allowed to delete the connection.
e) If relevant: Modify the Path Node and Facility Type.
f)
User Manual
If relevant at this time: enable the cross-connection so traffic can
flow when applied. Set the Admin State to In Service.
• If the network ports are not physically connected in a system
with ROADM-C40/40/2-3HU-2DC shelves, traffic cannot flow
through the pass-through cross connection.
• To enable equalization to occur when 8ROADM-C40/0/OPM
and ROADM-C80/0/OPM module cross-connections are
enabled, two conditions must be met before placing the
cross-connection in service. Pass-through channels must be
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Creating ADM and ROADM Cross Connections
present at the receive network interface, and all devices
between the network interface and the 8ROADM-C40/0/OPM
or ROADM-C80/0/OPM module should be placed In Service
and have the power levels adjusted.
g) Select OK to apply the changes or Cancel to cancel them.
h) Select Close to return to the Cross Connections window.
Step 12
If the cross connection you just defined the 1 way cross connect primitive for is bi-directional:
a) You can now complete the bi-directional cross connection creation, by creating the reverse direction 1 way cross connect primitive as described from Step 13.
b) If you wish to create the second 1 way cross connect primitive of
the cross connection, the reverse direction, at a later time: Go to
Step 19.
Step 13
Create the second 1 way cross connect primitive of the cross connection by selecting the Create Reverse Direction link.
This primitive is for the reverse direction.
Step 14
Since this is the second 1 way cross connect primitive of a bi-directional cross connection, the Direction drop-down list already is set to
Bi.
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Confirm window appears.
Step 15
Check the displayed information about the second 1 way cross connect primitive, as described in Step 7.
In response, the Result page appears.
Step 16
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Close the Create Cross Connection wizard by selecting Finish.
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In response, the Parameters Step 1 page appears.
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Step 17
If relevant: Add an alias/comment to the second 1 way cross connect
primitive of the cross connection you created. Do as described in
Step 10.
If this is a ROADM cross-connect primitive: Edit the settings for the
cross-connections as described in Step 11.
Step 18
Go to Step 20
Step 19
Select Finish to close the Create Cross Connection wizard and return
to the Cross Connections window.
A bi-directional cross connection will not be functional until both 1 way
cross connect primitives have been created.
Step 20
Close the Cross Connections window.
End of Procedure
How to Create a 1 Way ADM or ROADM Cross Connect
Primitive
This instruction describes how to create a single 1 way ADM or ROADM cross
connect primitive that forms the return path of a bi-directional cross connection.
If you during the creation of the bi-directional cross connection chose to not
immediately create the second 1 way cross connect primitive, follow this procedure to create the second 1 way cross connect primitive now.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Cross Connections.
In response the Cross Connections window appears.
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Creating ADM and ROADM Cross Connections
Step 2
From the cross connections list, select the bi-directional cross connection that consists of only 1 way cross connect primitive.
Step 3
Select Details.
Step 4
In the 1 WAY Cross Connection Primitives section, identify the 1 way
cross connect primitive that needs to be created, and select the
belonging Create button.
In response, the Parameters Step 1 page appears.
Step 5
Since this is the second 1 way cross connect primitive of a bi-directional cross connection, the Direction drop-down list already is set to
Bi.
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Confirm window appears.
Step 6
Check the displayed information about the new 1 way cross connect
primitive.
If this does not look correct: Select Back to make corrections, or Cancel to close the Create Cross Connection wizard and return to the
Cross Connections window.
If this does look correct: Confirm by selecting Next.
In response, the Result page appears.
Step 7
176
Close the Create Cross Connection wizard by selecting Finish.
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In response, the Cross Connection Details window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 8
If relevant: Add an alias/comment to the 1 way cross connect primitive. Do as follows:
a) Select the cross connection you just created.
b) Select the Details button.
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c) In response, the Cross Connection Details window appears.
d) For each 1 way cross connect primitive, select the Modify button
and enter an alias/comment.
e) Select Close to return to the Cross Connections window.
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Creating ADM and ROADM Cross Connections
Step 9
If this is a ROADM cross-connect primitive: Edit the settings for the
cross-connections as relevant. Do as follows:
a) Select the cross connection you just created.
b) Select the Details button.
d) For the first 1 way cross connect primitive, select the Modify button.
e) If relevant, enter an alias/comment.
f)
If the control plane is in use: The Tunnel AID field will show which
tunnel that this cross-connection is associated with. Do not edit
this field, the control plane controls this field when applicable.
g) The Red Lined State indicates whether a cross-connection is
allowed to be deleted or not. If required, change the Red Lined
State setting.
• Yes indicates that you are not allowed to delete the connection. This is typically the case if the control plane is in use, in
which case the control plane deletes the connection as
required. In this case: do not change this setting. You could
also set the red lined state to Yes without the control plane
being in use. This would help prevent accidentally deleting a
cross-connection.
• No indicates that you are allowed to delete the connection.
h) If relevant at this time: enable the cross-connection so traffic can
flow when applied. Set the Admin State to In Service.
• If the network ports are not physically connected in a system
with ROADM-C40/40/2-3HU-2DC shelves, traffic cannot flow
through the pass-through cross connection.
• To enable equalization to occur when 8ROADM-C40/0/OPM
and ROADM-C80/0/OPM module cross-connections are
enabled, two conditions must be met before placing the
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c) In response, the Cross Connection Details window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
cross-connection in service. Pass-through channels must be
present at the receive network interface, and all devices
between the network interface and the 8ROADM-C40/0/OPM
or ROADM-C80/0/OPM module should be placed In Service
and have the power levels adjusted.
Step 10
i)
For the second 1 way cross connect primitive, select the Modify
button and follow point Step e through Step h
j)
Select Close to return to the Cross Connections window.
Close the Cross Connections window.
End of Procedure
How to Enable a ROADM Cross-connection
ROADM cross-connections must be enabled before the cross-connection will let
traffic flow through it. This is done by setting the administrative state for the
cross-connection to In Service. Disabling the cross-connection is achieved by
setting the administrative state to anything but In Service.
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If the network ports are not physically connected in a system with
ROADM-C40/40/2-3HU-2DC shelves, traffic cannot flow through the
pass-through cross connection.
To enable equalization to occur when 8ROADM-C40/0/OPM and
ROADM-C80/0/OPM module cross-connections are enabled, two conditions
must be met before placing the cross-connection in service. Pass-through channels must be present at the receive network interface, and all devices between
the network interface and the 8ROADM-C40/0/OPM or ROADM-C80/0/OPM
module should be placed In Service and have the power levels adjusted.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Cross Connections.
In response the Cross Connections window appears.
Step 2
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From the cross connections list, select the cross connection to
enable.
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Creating ADM and ROADM Cross Connections
Step 3
Select Details.
Step 4
For the first 1 way cross connect primitive, select the Modify button.
Step 5
Set the Admin State to In Service.
Step 6
If there is a second 1 way cross connect primitive: Repeat Step 4 and
Step 5 for the second 1 way cross connect primitive.
Step 7
Select Close to return to the Cross Connections window.
Step 8
Close the Cross Connections window.
End of Procedure
How to Delete a Bi-directional ADM or ROADM Cross
Connection
This instruction describes how to delete both 1 way cross connect primitives in a
bi-directional ADM or ROADM cross connection at one time.
Requirements
180
•
ROADM cross-connect primitives can only be deleted if their Red Lined
State is No, and their administrative state is not In Service.
•
All other cross-connections can be deleted at any time and deletion can
thus interrupt traffic. Ensure that traffic is not running by checking that the
entities that are being cross-connected do not have administrative state In
Service.
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In response, the Cross Connection Details window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Procedure
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Cross Connections.
In response the Cross Connections window appears.
Step 2
From the cross connections list, select the cross connection to delete.
Step 3
Select from the following:
• If this is a ADM cross-connection: Go to Step 8
• If this is a ROADM cross-connection: Go to Step 4
Step 4
Select Details.
In response, the Cross Connection Details window appears.
Step 5
Ensure that the administrative state is not In Service. If it is necessary
to change the administrative state, use the Modify button.
Step 6
Ensure that Red Lined State is set to No.
The Red Lined State indicates whether a cross-connection is allowed
to be deleted or not. Yes indicates that you are not allowed to delete
the connection, while No indicates that you can delete the connection.
Step 7
Select Close to return to the Cross Connections window.
Step 8
Select the Delete button.
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In response a Warning window appears.
Step 9
Select OK to proceed with the deletion.
Progress is shown in the lower, left corner of the Cross Connections
window.
End of Procedure
How to Delete 1 Way ADM or ROADM Cross Connect
Primitives
This instruction describes how to delete a single 1 way ADM or ROADM cross
connect primitive. Deleting both 1 way cross connect primitives in a cross connection gives the same result as in “How to Delete a Bi-directional ADM or
ROADM Cross Connection” on p. 180.
Requirements
User Manual
•
ROADM cross-connect primitives can only be deleted if their Red Lined
State is No, and their administrative state is not In Service.
•
All other cross-connections can be deleted at any time and deletion can
thus interrupt traffic. Ensure that traffic is not running by checking that the
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Creating ADM and ROADM Cross Connections
entities that are being cross-connected do not have administrative state In
Service.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Cross Connections.
In response the Cross Connections window appears.
Step 2
From the cross connections list, select the cross connection that consists of the 1 way cross connect primitive.
Step 3
Select Details.
Step 4
If you wish to delete one 1 way cross connect primitive: Go to Step 7.
Step 5
If you wish to delete two 1 way cross connect primitives:
a) Select the Delete Both button.
b) In response a warning window appears.
c) Confirm the deletion by selecting OK, or cancel it by selecting
Cancel.
d) Go to Step 10.
Step 6
182
In the 1 WAY Cross Connection Primitives section, identify the 1 way
cross connect primitive that you want to delete.
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In response, the Cross Connection Details window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 7
If this is a ROADM cross-connection:
a) Ensure that the administrative state is not In Service. If it is necessary to change the administrative state, use the Modify button.
b) Ensure that Red Lined State is set to No.
c) The Red Lined State indicates whether a cross-connection is
allowed to be deleted or not. Yes indicates that you are not
allowed to delete the connection, while No indicates that you can
delete the connection.
Step 8
Select the Delete button that belongs to the cross-connect primitive to
delete.
In response, a warning window appears.
Step 9
Confirm the deletion by selecting OK, or cancel it by selecting Cancel.
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You are returned to the Cross Connection Details window.
Step 10
If you want to delete, create or modify 1 way cross connect primitives
in other cross connections: Use the Previous or Next buttons to reach
the relevant cross connections and follow instructions in the relevant
procedures in the “Creating DCN Cross-Connections” on p. 208.
Step 11
Close the Cross Connection Details window when you are finished.
End of Procedure
Creating Flow Points, Bridges, and Cross
Connections
This section describes how to create Ethernet layer 2 flow points, bridges, and
flow cross-connections, and how to keep an overview of the flow points and flow
cross-connections on an individual NE. It assumes that the relevant modules
are already correctly provisioned.
Flow points and flow cross-connections are supported by xPCA channel modules.
Each cross connection is built up from one or two 1 way cross connect primitives. A bi-directional cross connection is built up from two 1 way cross connect
primitives. Each primitive must be created individually, and the Create Flow
Cross Connection wizard supports the user in doing this easily.
The following topics are provided:
“How to Create a Flow Point (FLW)” on p. 184
“How to View Flow Points” on p. 189
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“How to Create a Bridge (BRG)” on p. 191
“How to View Bridges” on p. 194
“How to Create a Flow Cross Connection” on p. 196
“How to Delete a Bi-directional Flow Cross Connection” on p. 201
“How to Delete 1 Way Flow Cross Connect Primitives” on p. 203
“How to View Flow Cross-connections” on p. 206
How to Create a Flow Point (FLW)
This procedure describes how to create a flow-point on an xPCA Ethernet port
(ETH entity) or an xPCA virtual Ethernet port (VETH entity), using the Provisioning Manager window.
A flow point holds the shaping and policing properties for an Ethernet flow
(EVC) on an xPCA channel module.
After creation, the flow point is selectable as the AID
FLW-<shelf>-<slot>-<{C{1..10}||NE|NW}-{F{1..400}>-from the Flow Connections
window.
The port’s ETH or VETH entity must already be provisioned correctly and the
administrative state is Automatic In Service or In Service.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Flow Connections.
In response, the Flow Connections window opens.
Step 2
184
Select the Flow Point tab.
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Requirements
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 3
Select Create.
In response, the Create Flow Point window opens.
Step 4
Use the Equipment drop-down list to select which xPCA module to
add a flow point to.
Select Next to continue.
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In response the Create Flow Point window content changes.
Step 5
Enter a Service VLAN Identifier (SVID) value to identify the flow point
at the selected port.
Avoid using SVID=4095 as this SVID value is normally used for ECC
within ADVA Optical Networking networks. The SVID value is used
later when cross-connecting ports.
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Step 6
Use the Port drop-down list to select the AID of the port you are defining a flow point for.
• If you are creating a flow point on an Ethernet port, this is an ETH
entity.
• If you are creating a flow point on a virtual Ethernet port (LAG
group), this is a VETH entity.
If only one ETH or VETH entity exists, this will be auto-selected.
Select Next to continue.
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In response the Parameters Step 1 page appears.
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Step 7
The contents of the next “pages” in the Create Flow Point window
depend on which port mode the port was provisioned to operate in:
• For all port modes, configure the parameters shown inTable 5.
• For port mode CTAG, configure in addition the parameters shown
inTable 6.
• For port mode STAG, configure in addition the parameters shown
inTable 7.
Use Next to continue to each new page.
Table 5:
Flow Point Parameters for all Port modes
Parameter
Definition
CIR-RCV
Enter the Committed Information Rate used by the
policer at Rx for this flow point1. If both CIR-RCV and
CBS-RCV are set to zero, no traffic will be forwarded
from the flow point.
If the maximum frame length is configured to 0-15%
less than the CBS-RCV value, the policer will
become less accurate and let through 2-10% too high
bit rate. To resolve this situation, configure CBS-RCV
to the next higher value.
Enter the Committed Burst Size used by the policer at
Rx for this flow point
Enter the Committed Information Rate used by the
shaper at Rx for this flow point1. To stop forwarding of
all traffic from the flow point, both CIR-TRMT and
CBS-TRMT must be set to zero
Enter the Committed Burst Size used by the shaper
at Tx for this flow point.
CBS-RCV
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CIR-TRMT
CBS-TRMT
Shape Enablement
Default EVC COS
PM mode
Police Enablement
Red Lined State3
Tunnel AID3
Admin State
Enable/disable the shaper2 at Tx for this flow point..
The default CoS used by this flow point. In this
release only PCP=7 is supported.
Enable/disable performance monitoring on this flow
point. The system supports performance monitoring
on up to 100 flow points, bridges, or a mix of flow
points and bridges per xPCA module.
Enable/disable policer at Rx for this flow point
Do not change the value of the Red Lined State.
It is used by the Control Plane, if the Control Plane
has been enabled.
Do not change the value of the Tunnel AID.
It is used by the Control Plane, if the Control Plane
has been enabled
Enter the Admin State, typically Automatic In Service
or In Service.
1. The measured rate can be up to 1.5% higher than the value you enter here.
2. xPCA modules do not support individually configurable shapers at Tx for
E-LAN member ports. For E-LAN services shaping is defined by the bridge
entity.Therefore the flow point creation wizard for E-LAN flow points do not
offer configuration of a shaper.
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3. This parameter is only supported for flow points with facility type E-Line.
Table 6:
Flow Point Parameters for Port mode CTAG
Parameter
Definition
CVIDs registered
Enter the list of the CVID flows that shall be mapped
into the SVID flow.
If you have configured acceptance of untagged
frames, any CVID you entered in the Port VLAN ID
field must be included in the CVIDs registered list
A C-tag can be added to untagged frames at Tx and/or at Rx. Configuration of
C-tag addition at Rx is done on the ETH entity (the Port default PCP and Port
VLAN ID field).
Prio PVID Transmit
Enter the PCP priority for the C-tag that is added to
untagged frames at Rx.
PUSH PVID
Enter the CVID of the C-tag that is added to untagged
frames at Rx
Transmit1
1. This is in IEEE Provider Bridge known as PEP Port Default VID
(PVID).
Table 7:
Flow Point Parameters for Port mode STAG
Parameter
Definition
External VID
If the SVID to be used externally on this SVID flow is
different than the entry in Step 5, then enter that
external VID.
This is applicable at both Tx and Rx. When these
SVIDs are different an SVID translation will occur.
Avoid using SVID=4095 as this SVID value is
normally used for ECC within ADVA Optical
Networking networks. External VID is in IEEE
referred to as “local VID”.
Step 8
Select Next to continue.
In response the Confirm wizard page appears.
Step 9
Check that the displayed settings are correct.
• If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
• If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete page appears.
Step 10
188
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
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The C-tag can be removed from frames at Tx and at Rx.
POP CTAG receive
Enter the CVID of the C-tag which shall be removed
at Rx
POP CTAG transmit Enter the CVID of the C-tag which shall be removed
at Tx
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 11
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 12
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
How to View Flow Points
This section describes how to view flow points. This can be done only for the
whole NE, not individually per module.
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Procedure
User Manual
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Flow Connections.
Step 2
Select the Flow Points tab.
Step 3
Use the Equipment drop-down list to select which modules to display
flow points for.
Step 4
Make a decision about how to filter your view:
• To view flow points by port, go to Step 5.
• To view flow points by SVID, go to Step 7.
Step 5
Display flow points per port by doing as follows:
• Select Flow Points by Port in the View Mode drop-down list.
• Use the Port drop-down list to select which ports to display flow
points for.
• Use the Port Role drop-down list to select which ports to display
flow points for based on the port roles.
• Use the Connections State drop-down list to select which flow
points to display based on the connection’s (EVC’s) state.
Step 6
Go to Step 9.
Step 7
Display flow points per SVID by doing as follows:
• Select Flow Points by SVID in the View Mode drop-down list.
• Use the SVID From-To fields to enter the range of SVIDs to display.
• Use the Connections State drop-down list to select which flow
points to display based on the connection’s (EVC’s) state.
Step 8
Go to Step 9.
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Creating Flow Points, Bridges, and Cross Connections
Step 9
In response the Flow Connections window is updated.
Column Name
Description
AID
SVID
EVC Type
Admin State
This column displays the AID for the flow point.
This column displays the SVID for the flow point.
This column displays the service type of the EVC.
This column displays the Admin State of the flow
point.
This column displays the state of the connection
(EVC). The connection is in Idle state before it has
been cross-connected. Busy indicates that it is
used in a cross-connection.
This column displays the CVIDs that have been
registered to this EVC.
This column displays which port role the port that
the flow is defined on has.
This column shows the flow point’s alias, if any
has been entered.
Connection State
CVIDs registered
Port Role
Alias
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The following information is provided in the table in this window:
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 10
Customize the information that is displayed in the table:
• Sort the table based on a column, by clicking the column title.
This toggles between ascending and descending display.
•
Adjust the column widths to match the content by clicking the
icon and selecting Pack All Columns or Pack Selected Column from
the list that appears.
•
Turn off display of a column by clicking the
icon and selecting
the column name from the list that appears. A check mark indicates that the column will be displayed.
•
Turn on display of a horizontal scroll bar by clicking the
icon
and selecting Horizontal Scroll from the list that appears. A check
mark indicates that the horizontal scroll bar will be displayed.
Step 11
If appropriate you can:
• Select Print to print the Flow Point list.
• Select Save to save the Flow Point list as a comma separated file.
• Select Refresh to update the content of the window.
Step 12
Select Close to finish viewing the flow points.
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End of Procedure
How to Create a Bridge (BRG)
This instruction describes how to create a bridge on an xPCA Ethernet module ,
using the Provisioning Manager window.
A bridge contains the shaping properties for the EVC flow segment on an xPCA
channel module.
After creation, the bridge point is selectable as the AID
BRG-<shelf>-<slot>-<{C{1..10}||NE|NW}-{F{1..400}>-from the Flow Connections window.
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Creating Flow Points, Bridges, and Cross Connections
Requirements
The xPCA channel module has been provisioned and the administrative state is
Automatic In Service or In Service.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Flow Connections.
Step 2
Select the Bridges tab.
Step 3
Select Create.
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In response, the Flow Connections window opens.
In response, the Create Bridge window opens.
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Step 4
Use the Equipment drop-down list to select which xPCA module to
add a bridge to.
Select Next to continue.
In response the Create Bridge window content changes.
Step 5
Enter the internal Service VLAN Identifier (SVID) value it shall be
identical to the flow number of the bridge.
Avoid using SVID=4095 as this SVID value is the default value for
ECC. The SVID value is used later when cross-connecting ports.
Select Next to continue.
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In response the Parameters Step 1 page appears.
Step 6
Configure the parameters shown in Table 8. Use Next to continue to
each new page as needed.
Table 8:
Parameter
Definition
CIR-TRMT
Enter the Committed Information Rate used by the
shaper at Rx for this port1. To stop forwarding of all
traffic to all bridge ports, both CIR-TRMT and
CBS-TRMT must be set to zero
Enter the Committed Burst Size used by the shaper
at Tx for this port.
CBS-TRMT
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Table 8:
Bridge Parameters for all Port modes
Parameter
Definition
Facility Type
No entry is required. The field shows the facility type
of the bridge.
Shaping is enabled by default, no action is required.
Enable/disable performance monitoring for the queue
entity that belongs to the bridge. The system
supports performance monitoring on up to 100 flow
points, bridges, or a mix of flow points and bridges
per xPCA module.
Enter the Admin State, typically Automatic In Service
or In Service.
Shape Enablement
PM mode
Admin State
1. The measured rate can be up to 1.5% higher than the value you enter here.
Step 7
Select Next to continue.
In response the Confirm wizard page appears.
Step 8
Check that the displayed settings are correct.
• If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
• If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
Step 9
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 10
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 11
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
How to View Bridges
This section describes how to view bridges. This can be done only for the whole
NE, not individually per module.
Procedure
194
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Flow Connections.
Step 2
Select the Bridges tab.
Step 3
Use the Equipment drop-down list to select which modules to display
bridges for.
Step 4
Display bridges per SVID by using the SVID From-To fields to enter
the range of SVIDs to display.
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In response, the Complete page appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 5
In response the Flow Connections window is updated.
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The following information is provided in the table in this window:
Column Name
Description
AID
SVID
Admin State
This column displays the AID for the flow point.
This column displays the SVID for the flow point.
This column displays the Admin State of the flow
point.
This column shows the flow point’s alias, if any
has been entered.
Alias
Step 6
Customize the information that is displayed in the table:
• Sort the table based on a column, by clicking the column title.
This toggles between ascending and descending display.
•
Adjust the column widths to match the content by clicking the
icon and selecting Pack All Columns or Pack Selected Column from
the list that appears.
•
Turn off display of a column by clicking the
icon and selecting
the column name from the list that appears. A check mark indicates that the column will be displayed.
•
Turn on display of a horizontal scroll bar by clicking the
icon
and selecting Horizontal Scroll from the list that appears. A check
mark indicates that the horizontal scroll bar will be displayed.
Step 7
If appropriate you can:
• Select Print to print the list.
• Select Save to save the list as a comma separated file.
• Select Refresh to update the content of the window.
Step 8
Select Close to finish viewing the bridges.
End of Procedure
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How to Create a Flow Cross Connection
This section describes how to create a flow cross connection. A flow cross connection consists of one or two 1 way cross connect primitives, where a bi-directional cross-connection requires two 1 way cross-connect primitives.
These primitives must be created individually, and the Create Cross Connection
wizard supports the user in doing this easily.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Flow Connections.
Step 2
Select the Create button.
In response, the Create Flow Cross Connection wizard appears.
Step 3
Use the Equipment drop-down list in the Filter section to select which
module(s) you wish to display FLW facilities for.
In response the From Port list displays all flow points (FLW) on the
module or on the NE that can be cross connected.
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In response the Flow Connections window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 4
Identify the FLW that shall be used to form the 1 way cross connect
primitive of the cross connection.
If you cannot see the FLW facility that you need: It has not been created yet, and you must create it before returning to this step again.
See “How to Create a Flow Point (FLW)” on p. 184 for guidance on
creating a FLW.
Step 5
Specify the1 way cross connect primitive of the cross connection. Do
as follows:
a) Select the FLW facility from which the cross connection shall
start.
This will have impact on the direction of the 1 way cross connect
primitive.
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b) Select Next to continue.
In response, the To Port page appears.
c) From the To Port, select the FLW facility to which the cross connection shall end.
d) Select Next to continue.
In response, the Parameters Step 1 page appears.
e) Optionally enter an alias for this cross connection by using the
Alias field.
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Creating Flow Points, Bridges, and Cross Connections
Step 6
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Confirm page appears.
Step 7
Check the displayed information about the first 1 way cross connect
primitive.
If this does not look correct: Select Back to make corrections, or Cancel to close the Create Flow Cross Connection wizard and return to the
Flow Connections window.
If this does look correct: Confirm by selecting Next.
Step 8
Only bi-directional cross-connections are supported. Select OK and
the wizard will create the reverse direction for you.
The Result page appears.
Step 9
Select Finish to return to the Flow Connections window.
Step 10
Close the Flow Connections window.
End of Procedure
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In response an informational window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
How to Create a 1 Way Flow Cross Connect Primitive
This instruction describes how to create a single 1 way flow cross connect primitive that forms the return path of a bi-directional cross connection. If you during
the creation of the bi-directional cross connection chose to not immediately create the second 1 way cross connect primitive, follow this procedure to create the
second 1 way cross connect primitive now.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Flow Connections.
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In response the Flow Connections window appears.
User Manual
Step 2
Select the Flow Cross Connections tab.
Step 3
Use the Equipment drop-down list to select which modules to display
flow cross-connections for.
Step 4
Make a decision about how to filter your view:
• To view flow cross-connections by port, go to Step 5.
• To view flow cross-connections by SVID, go to Step 7.
Step 5
Display flow cross-connections per port by doing as follows:
• Select Flow Cross Connections by Port in the View Mode
drop-down list.
• Use the Port drop-down list to select which ports to display flow
points for.
• Use the Port Role drop-down list to select which ports to display
flow points for based on the port roles.
• Use the CRS Config drop-down list to select what type of flow
cross connections to display. For example Add.
Step 6
Go to Step 9.
Step 7
Display flow cross-connections per SVID by doing as follows:
• Select Flow Points by SVID in the View Mode drop-down list.
• Use the SVID From-To fields to enter the range of SVIDs to display.
• Use the CRS Config drop-down list to select what type of flow
cross connections to display. For example Add.
Step 8
Go to Step 9.
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Creating Flow Points, Bridges, and Cross Connections
Step 9
In response the Flow Connections window is updated.
Step 10
From the flow cross connections list, select the bi-directional cross
connection that consists of only 1 way cross connect primitive.
Step 11
Select Details.
Step 12
In the 1 WAY Cross Connection Primitives section, identify the 1 way
cross connect primitive that needs to be created, and select the
belonging Create button.
In response, the Parameters Step 1 page appears.
Step 13
If relevant: Add an alias/comment to the 1 way cross connect primitive.
Step 14
Since this is the second 1 way cross connect primitive of a bi-directional cross connection, the direction is already is set to Bi.
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Confirm window appears.
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In response, the Layer 2 Cross Connection Details window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 15
Check the displayed information about the new 1 way cross connect
primitive.
If this does not look correct: Select Back to make corrections, or Cancel to close the Create Flow Cross Connection wizard and return to the
Flow Connections window.
If this does look correct: Confirm by selecting Next.
In response, the Result page appears.
Step 16
Close the Create Flow Cross Connection wizard by selecting Finish.
Step 17
Close the Flow Connections window.
End of Procedure
How to Delete a Bi-directional Flow Cross Connection
This instruction describes how to delete both 1 way cross connect primitives in a
bi-directional flow cross connection at one time.
Requirement
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A flow cross-connection can be deleted at any time and can thus interrupt traffic.
Ensure that traffic is not running by checking that the entities that are being
cross-connected do not have administrative state In Service.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Flow Connections.
In response the Flow Connections window appears.
Step 2
Select the Flow Cross Connections tab.
In response the Flow Connections window content changes.
User Manual
Step 3
Use the Equipment drop-down list to select which modules to display
flow cross-connections for.
Step 4
Make a decision about how to filter your view:
• To view flow cross-connections by port, go to Step 5.
• To view flow cross-connections by SVID, go to Step 7.
Step 5
Display flow cross-connections per port by doing as follows:
• Select Flow Cross Connections by Port in the View Mode
drop-down list.
• Use the Port drop-down list to select which ports to display flow
points for.
• Use the Port Role drop-down list to select which ports to display
flow points for based on the port roles.
• Use the CRS Config drop-down list to select what type of flow
cross connections to display. For example Add.
Step 6
Go to Step 9.
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Step 7
Display flow cross-connections per SVID by doing as follows:
• Select Flow Points by SVID in the View Mode drop-down list.
• Use the SVID From-To fields to enter the range of SVIDs to display.
• Use the CRS Config drop-down list to select what type of flow
cross connections to display. For example Add.
Step 8
Go to Step 9.
Step 9
In response the Flow Connections window is updated.
Step 10
Select Flow Cross Connections by Port or Flow Cross Connections by
SVID in the View Mode drop-down list.
Step 11
From the cross connections table, select the cross connection to
delete.
Step 12
Select the Delete button.
In response a Warning window appears.
Step 13
Select OK to proceed with the deletion.
Progress is shown in the lower, left corner of the Flow Connections
window.
End of Procedure
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Creating Flow Points, Bridges, and Cross Connections
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
How to Delete 1 Way Flow Cross Connect Primitives
This instruction describes how to delete a single 1 way cross connect primitive.
Deleting both 1 way cross connect primitives in a flow cross connection gives
the same result as in “How to Delete a Bi-directional Flow Cross Connection” on
p. 201.
Requirement
A flow cross-connection can be deleted at any time and can thus interrupt traffic.
Ensure that traffic is not running by checking that the entities that are being
cross-connected do not have administrative state In Service.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Flow Connections.
In response the Flow Connections window appears.
Step 2
Select the Flow Cross Connections tab.
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In response the Flow Connections window content changes.
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Step 3
Use the Equipment drop-down list to select which modules to display
flow cross-connections for.
Step 4
Make a decision about how to filter your view:
• To view flow cross-connections by port, go to Step 5.
• To view flow cross-connections by SVID, go to Step 7.
Step 5
Display flow cross-connections per port by doing as follows:
• Select Flow Cross Connections by Port in the View Mode
drop-down list.
• Use the Port drop-down list to select which ports to display flow
points for.
• Use the Port Role drop-down list to select which ports to display
flow points for based on the port roles.
• Use the CRS Config drop-down list to select what type of flow
cross connections to display. For example Add.
Step 6
Go to Step 9.
Step 7
Display flow cross-connections per SVID by doing as follows:
• Select Flow Points by SVID in the View Mode drop-down list.
• Use the SVID From-To fields to enter the range of SVIDs to display.
• Use the CRS Config drop-down list to select what type of flow
cross connections to display. For example Add.
Step 8
Go to Step 9.
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Creating Flow Points, Bridges, and Cross Connections
Step 9
In response the Flow Connections window is updated.
Step 10
From the cross connections table, select the cross connection that
consists of the 1 way cross connect primitive.
Step 11
Select Details.
Step 12
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If you wish to delete one 1 way cross connect primitive: Go to
Step 14.
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In response, the Cross Connection Details window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 13
If you wish to delete two 1 way cross connect primitives:
a) Select the Delete Both button.
b) In response a warning window appears.
c) Confirm the deletion by selecting OK, or cancel it by selecting
Cancel.
d) Go to Step 16.
Step 14
In the 1 WAY Cross Connection Primitives section, identify the 1 way
cross connect primitive that you want to delete.
Step 15
Select the Delete button that belongs to the cross-connect primitive to
delete.
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In response, a warning window appears.
Step 16
Confirm the deletion by selecting OK, or cancel it by selecting Cancel.
You are returned to the Cross Connection Details window.
Step 17
If you want to delete, create or modify 1 way cross connect primitives
in other flow cross connections: Use the Previous or Next buttons to
reach the relevant flow cross connections.
Step 18
Close the Cross Connection Details window when you are finished.
End of Procedure
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Creating Flow Points, Bridges, and Cross Connections
How to View Flow Cross-connections
This section describes how to view flow cross connections. This can be done
only for the whole NE, not individually per module.
Procedure
Step 1
From the Configuration menu, select Flow Connections.
206
Step 2
Select the Flow Cross Connections tab.
Step 3
Use the Equipment drop-down list to select which modules to display
flow cross-connections for.
Step 4
Make a decision about how to filter your view:
• To view flow cross-connections by port, go to Step 5.
• To view flow cross-connections by SVID, go to Step 7.
Step 5
Display flow cross-connections per port by doing as follows:
• Select Flow Cross Connections by Port in the View Mode
drop-down list.
• Use the Port drop-down list to select which ports to display flow
points for.
• Use the Port Role drop-down list to select which ports to display
flow points for based on the port roles.
• Use the CRS Config drop-down list to select what type of flow
cross connections to display. For example Add.
Step 6
Go to Step 9.
Step 7
Display flow cross-connections per SVID by doing as follows:
• Select Flow Points by SVID in the View Mode drop-down list.
• Use the SVID From-To fields to enter the range of SVIDs to display.
• Use the CRS Config drop-down list to select what type of flow
cross connections to display. For example Add.
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In response the Flow Connections window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 8
Go to Step 9.
Step 9
In response the Flow Connections window is updated.
The following information is provided in the table in this window:
Column Name
Description
From/To
These columns displays the AIDs for the flow
points that are cross-connected.
The double arrow indicates a bi-directional cross
connection, while a single arrow indicates a
unidirectional cross connection as well as the
direction of it. When the symbol is red, this
indicates that the cross connections’s state is
Disabled, while green indicates that it is
In Service.
This column displays the SVID for the flow points
that are cross-connected.
This column displays Bi to indicate that the cross
connection is bi-directional.
This column displays the service type of this cross
connection.
This column displays what type of cross
connection this is.
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Graphic symbol
SVID
Connection Direction
Facility Type
CRS Config
Tunnel EVC
User Manual
•
Add/Drop: cross-connect between Client and
Network ports
•
Pass Through: cross-connect between Network ports
• Hairpin: cross-connect between Client ports
If the control plane is in use: This column shows
which tunnel that this cross-connection is
associated with. Do not edit this field, the control
plane controls this field when applicable.
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Creating DCN Cross-Connections
Step 10
Customize the information that is displayed in the table:
• Sort the table based on a column, by clicking the column title.
This toggles between ascending and descending display.
•
Adjust the column widths to match the content by clicking the
icon and selecting Pack All Columns or Pack Selected Column from
the list that appears.
•
Turn off display of a column by clicking the
icon and selecting
the column name from the list that appears. A check mark indicates that the column will be displayed.
•
Turn on display of a horizontal scroll bar by clicking the
icon
and selecting Horizontal Scroll from the list that appears. A check
mark indicates that the horizontal scroll bar will be displayed.
Step 11
If appropriate you can:
• Select Print to print the Flow Cross Connections list.
• Select Save to save the Flow Cross Connections list as a comma
separated file.
• Select Refresh to update the content of the window.
Step 12
Select Close to finish viewing the flow points.
Creating DCN Cross-Connections
This section describes how to create DCN cross-connections. It assumes that
the relevant channel modules as well as the NCU module, are already correctly
provisioned.
The following topics are provided:
“How to Cross-connect PPP IP and EOC/ECC Interfaces” on p. 208
“How to View ECC Channels” on p. 210
How to Cross-connect PPP IP and EOC/ECC
Interfaces
This section describes how to cross-connect the EOC/ECC channel on the
channel module with the PPP IP link on the NCU.
PS
Note
A DCN cross-connection can be deleted at any time and can thus
interrupt DCN traffic. The cross-connect should not be deleted without
ensuring that the PPP IP link and EOC/ECC channel entities that are
being cross-connected do not have administrative state In Service.
Requirements
•
208
A PPP IP link and an EOC/ECC channel must already have been created.
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End of Procedure
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
•
Ensure that there is enough un-used backplane bandwidth to support this
backplane connection. This information can be found on the NE tab of the
network element. See the Detailed System Description, “Deployment
Restrictions” for information about backplane bandwidth restrictions and
allocated backplane bandwidth per DCN entity.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NCU. Use the left hand hierarchical entity list in the Provisioning Manager window for this selection.
PS
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The Provisioning Manager window will display the Create ECC Connection list section on the right side.
Note
Step 2
The Create ECC Connection list section is only available when the
maximum transmit rate for the PPP IP link (see “How to Create a PPP
IP Interface” on p. 116) is lower than the absolute maximum that can
be carried by the ECC/EOC entity.
Select one of the NCU PPP IP links from the list (for example
CRS_DCN-1-A-1).
In response, the Create ECC Connection window displays the Parameters Step 1 page.
Step 3
Select which PPP IP link and EOC/ECC channel to interconnect as
follows:
a) Use the PPP IP AID drop-down list to select the relevant PPP IP
link.
b) Use the ECC AID drop-down list to select the relevant EOC/ECC
channel.
c) Select Next to continue.
In response, the Create ECC Connection window displays the
Parameters Step 2 page.
Step 4
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Specify whether communication over this DCN channel shall be
two-way or not. Use the CRS Type drop-down list.
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Creating DCN Cross-Connections
Step 5
When the Confirm wizard page appears:
a) Check that the displayed settings are correct.
b) If the settings are incorrect: Select Back to go back and correct
the settings.
c) If the settings are correct: Select Next to confirm.
In response, the Complete window appears.
Step 6
If you wish to continue provisioning: Select the relevant entity type to
provision from the Continue Provisioning? list on the right hand side of
the Complete page.
Step 7
If you do not wish to continue provisioning: Select Finish.
In response, you are returned to the Provisioning Manager window.
Step 8
Close the Provisioning Manager window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
This section describes how to view cross-connections of EOC/ECC channels
and PPP IP links for the NE. This can be done per cross-connection, or for the
whole NE at once.
Per Interconnection
Procedure
Step 1
Select the PPP IP link in the Entities, Tree tab.
Step 2
Select the Info tab in the Parameters pane to see which ECC/EOC
channel the link is connected to.
Step 3
Select the Config tab to see:
• The Committed Information Rate (CIR) for the PPP IP link in the
Max Tx Rate field.
• The far end IP address for the PPP IP link in the Far End IP
Address field.
• The near end IP address for the PPP IP link in the IP Address
field.
Step 4
Select the ECC/EOC channel in the Entities, Tree tab.
Step 5
Select the Info tab in the Parameters pane to see:
• The bit rate the ECC/EOC channel supports, in the Maximum ECC
Bitrate field.
• The PPP IP link that the ECC/EOC channel is connected to, in the
PPPIP AID field.
End of Procedure
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How to View ECC Channels
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Per NE
Procedure
Step 1
Select any module in the NE in the Entities, Tree tab.
Step 2
From the Configuration menu, select ECC List.
In response the ECC List window appears.
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The following information is provided in this window:
Column Name
Description
PPP AID
This column displays the AID for each PPP IP link
in the NE.
This column displays the AID for each ECC
channel in the NE.
This column displays the IP address of the PPP IP
link in this NE.
This column displays the IP address of the PPP IP
link in the far end NE.
This column displays the maximum transmit rate
that the PPP IP link supports.
This column displays the maximum bit rate that
the ECC channel supports.
This column displays the channel number for the
channel carrying the ECC.
ECC AID
IP Address
Far End IP Address
Max Tx Rate
Maximum ECC Bitrate
Channel
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How to Delete Equipment/Facilities Manually
Step 3
Customize the information that is displayed in the ECC List window:
• Sort the table based on a column, by clicking the column title.
This toggles between ascending and descending display.
•
Adjust the column widths to match the content by clicking the
icon and selecting Pack All Columns or Pack Selected Column from
the list that appears.
•
Turn off display of a column by clicking the
icon and selecting
the column name from the list that appears. A check mark indicates that the column will be displayed.
•
Turn on display of a horizontal scroll bar by clicking the
icon
and selecting Horizontal Scroll from the list that appears. A check
mark indicates that the horizontal scroll bar will be displayed.
Step 4
If appropriate you can:
• Select Print to print the ECC list.
• Select Save to save the ECC list as a comma separated file.
• Select Refresh to update the content of the window.
Step 5
Select Close to finish viewing the ECC list.
How to Delete Equipment/Facilities
Manually
This section contains the instruction for deleting an entity. An entity cannot be
deleted before the entities that are dependent on it are deleted. For example,
you cannot delete a port that is part of a cross-connection. The only exception is
for modules, a forced deletion option is supported for these, allowing deletion of
all dependent entities regardless of administrative state.
PS
Deleting a service from the internal database is service affecting. Be
careful when deleting an EOC/ECC channel, this can affect the DCN.
Note
Requirement
The system will allow deletion of all cross-connections except ROADM
cross-connections, regardless of whether traffic is running or not. Therefore,
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End of Procedure
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
before deleting a non-ROADM cross-connection, ensure that the entities that
are cross-connected do not have administrative state In Service.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant entity in the Entities pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Provisioning -> Delete.
In response, the Delete window appears.
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This window displays a hierarchical list of all entities that are supported by the entity you selected in Step 1. The window can be used
in parallel with the rest of the Element Manager.
Step 3
If you wish to delete a module: You can delete the module and all
dependent entities all at once by selecting the Force Delete button.
Step 4
If the entity you wish to delete has dependent entities:
a) Select each dependent entity and notice the administrative state
in the Admin State column.
b) If the Admin State is In Service: Change the administrative state as
follows:
• Select the Set Admin State button.
• From the context sensitive menu that appears, select Management, Maintenance or Disabled.
c) Select the Delete button.
In response, that entity is removed from:
•
•
the Name column in the Delete window
the Entities pane
If this deletion does not occur immediately, select the Refresh button. I
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Handling Network Element User Accounts
Step 5
Select the entity you wish to delete and do as follows:
a) Notice the administrative state in the Admin State column.
b) If the Admin State is In Service: Change the administrative state as
follows:
• Select the Set Admin State button.
• From the context sensitive menu that appears, select Management, Maintenance or Disabled.
c) Select the Delete button.
d) In response, that entity is removed from:
• the Name column in the Delete window
• the Entities pane
If this deletion does not occur immediately, select the Refresh button.
Step 6
Close the Delete window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
This section describes how to add, modify, and delete user accounts on individual Network Elements. The Network Elements all are set up with four default
user accounts, ADMIN, PROVISION, OPERATOR and MONITOR.
You can print a list of the network element user accounts or save the list from
the User Management window. When saving the file formats HTML, CSV, text
and PDF are supported.
The following sections are provided:
Adding a User Account
Modifying an User Account
Deleting a User Account
Adding a User Account
This section contains the procedure for adding a network element user account.
Requirements
The Element Manager must manage the network element with SNMPv3 access
using a user account with ADMIN privileges.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant network element in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> User Management.
In response the User Management window appears.
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Handling Network Element User Accounts
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 3
Select Create.
In response the Create User Account window appears.
Step 4
Fill in the following fields:
Step 5
Enter the name of the new NE user account in the User Name field.
The user account name must have 4-10 characters (for example your
name) and is not case-sensitive.
Step 6
Use the Privilege drop-down list to select the privilege level that this
new user account shall have.
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The privilege levels are: ADMIN, PROVISION, OPERATOR AND
MONITOR.
Step 7
Use the Security Level drop-down list to select the SNMP security
level for the new user account. This setting determines the permitted
level of security. The options are:
• NoAuthNoPriv -no authentication, no privacy
• AuthNoPriv - authentication, no privacy
• AuthPriv - authentication, privacy
Step 8
The fields UISTATE, TMOUTA and TMOUT pertain only to TL1 usage,
which is not relevant here.
Step 9
Enter a password for the new user account into the Password field,
and re-type the password in the Retype Password field.
The password is not case-sensitive and must fulfil the following
requirements:
•
•
•
•
•
Be 6-10 characters long
Include at least one alpha character [a..z, A..Z]
Include at least one numeric character [0..9]
Include at least one punctuation character [!,@, #, $, %, ^, (, ), _,
+, |, ~, {, }, [, ], -, .]
Not include an associated username string.
Step 10
Select OK to add the account.
Step 11
Select Close to close the User Manager window.
End of Procedure
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Handling Network Element User Accounts
Modifying an User Account
This section contains the procedure for modifying a network element user
account.
Requirements
The Element Manager must manage the network element with SNMPv3 access
using a user account with ADMIN privileges.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant network element in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> User Management.
In response the User Management window appears.
Step 3
Select Modify.
Step 4
If relevant: Modify the name of the NE user account in the User Name
field.
The user account name must have 4-10 characters (for example your
name) and is not case-sensitive.
Step 5
If relevant: Use the Privilege drop-down list to change the privilege
level that this user account shall have.
The privilege levels are: ADMIN, PROVISION, OPERATOR AND
MONITOR.
216
Step 6
If relevant: Use the Security Level drop-down list to change the SNMP
security level for the user account. This setting determines the permitted level of security. The options are:
• NoAuthNoPriv -no authentication, no privacy
• AuthNoPriv - authentication, no privacy
• AuthPriv - authentication, privacy
Step 7
The fields UISTATE, TMOUTA and TMOUT pertain only to TL1 usage,
which is not relevant here.
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In response the Modify User Account window appears.
Chapter 3 Provisioning NEs
Step 8
If relevant: Enter new password for the user account into the Password field, and re-type the password in the Retype Password field.
The password is not case-sensitive and must fulfil the following
requirements:
•
•
•
•
•
Be 6-10 characters long
Include at least one alpha character [a..z, A..Z]
Include at least one numeric character [0..9]
Include at least one punctuation character [!,@, #, $, %, ^, (, ), _,
+, |, ~, {, }, [, ], -, .]
Not include an associated username string.
Step 9
Select OK to apply the changes to the account.
Step 10
Select Close to close the User Manager window.
End of Procedure
Deleting a User Account
This section contains the procedure for deleting a network element user
account.
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It is not advisable to delete user accounts which are in use.The network element
considers a user account to be in use in the following situations:
•
When a user has logged on to the network element with this user account.
This includes connections using http (Web Console), Telnet (Craft Console), SSH (Craft Console), SCP, and FTP. The network element will deny
deletion of a user account when a user has logged on with it.
•
When a management application (for example an NMS system) has a virtual SNMPv3 session with the network element, using this user account
(see Figure 17). The network element considers a session to be active for
10 minutes after it was terminated. It is possible to delete this user account
even though a virtual SNMPv3 session uses it, but the user will be warned
that the account is used by an active SNMPv3 session. The user will also
have the option to cancel the deletion.
Figure 17 shows the relationships between management applications, user
accounts, and users.
User Manual
•
Connection-oriented management applications establish connections to the
network element by allowing the user to log on. After a certain period of user
inactivity, the network element will terminate the connection.
•
Management applications using SNMP to communicate with the network
element are connectionless. They establish a virtual session with the network element by using polling. SNMPv1 based management applications
do not use a network element user account to regulate access to the network element, they use SNMP community strings. SNMPv3 based management tools use a network element user account to regulate access to the
network element.
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Handling Network Element User Accounts
Figure 17:
User Accounts and Management Applications
Requirements
The Element Manager must manage the network element with SNMPv3 access
using a user account with ADMIN privileges.
Step 1
Select the relevant network element in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> User Management.
In response the User Management window appears.
Step 3
Select Delete.
In response a confirmation window appears.
Step 4
Select Yes to delete the account, or Cancel to cancel the deletion.
Step 5
Select Close to close the User Manager window.
End of Procedure
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Procedure
Chapter 4
Configuring NEs
In the FSP3000R7, most features are configured during provisioning. The
parameters that define these features are not configurable afterwards. How to
set these parameters is described in “Creating Equipment/Facilities Manually”
on p. 83.
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This section gives an introduction to provisioning of the FSP 3000R7. It contains
instructions for provisioning shelves, modules, pluggable transceivers, channels
and virtual channels to the internal database, by using the Element Manager.
The following topics are provided:
Configuring Parameters, which contains instructions for changing configurable
parameters.
Configuring DCN Features, which contains instructions for configuring the NE
for use of OSC, and for configuring LAN IP on the NCU.
Configuring Security, which contains instructions for enabling and disabling FTP
server/client, SSH protocol and adding known hosts.
Working with Protection, which contains instructions for viewing configuration
information about the protection groups, and how to operate the protection
switch.
How to Change the Administrative State, which describes how to change the
administrative state for equipment or facilities.
Configuring the OTDR, which describes how to provision an OTDR shelf and
open the OTDR application. How to configure OTDR measurements and operate the OTDR is described in the OTDR Installation, Provisioning, and Operations Manual.
Viewing Node Channel Traces, which describes how to trace a wavelength
channel or sub-channel through the NE.
Viewing Information About the NE, which contains instructions for viewing configured information about the entities an NE.
Configuring Date and Time, which contains instructions for setting the date and
time, or NTP servers for the NE.
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Configuring Parameters
Configuring Remote Syslog Servers, which contains instructions for configuring
remote syslog server destinations for the NE.
How To Configure Scheduled Equalization, which contains instructions for setting up scheduled equalization for NEs containing 8ROADM devices.
Configuring Span Equalization, which contains instructions for setting up span
equalization in both ROADM and FOADM networks.
Viewing and Configuring Trace Messages, which contains instructions for viewing and configuring messages for the Trace comparison process.
How to Configure TCA Thresholds, which contains instructions for configuring
the thresholds for Threshold Crossing Alerts.
How to Configure Tandem Connection Monitoring, which contains instructions
for configuring Tandem Connection Monitoring.
Configuring Ethernet OAM/CFM, which contains instructions for configuring the
Ethernet OAM/CFM entities.
How to Configure Loop-Backs, which contains the instructions for setting and
releasing a loop-back.
“Managing Cables in the Internal Database” on p. 353, which contains the
instructions for adding new connections to the Physical Connections List.
“How to Force a Laser On” on p. 360, which contains the instructions for forcing
a laser on.
“How to Set the Forced-Laser Fallback/Release Timer” on p. 362, which contains the instructions for changing the force-laser fallback timer.
“How to Allow Forced Deletion of Entities” on p. 363, which contains the instructions for how to enable use of automatic deletion of dependent entities.
“Enabling Use of SCU Ring Interconnection” on p. 363, which contains the
instructions for how to enable or disable a NE for ring interconnection of the
SCUs and ROADMs.
“How to Change Equipment Capabilities” on p. 364, which describes how to
increase the capabilities of a module.
“How to Configure TIF Contacts” on p. 365, which describes how to configure
telemetry input and output ports on the UTM module.
Configuring Parameters
Most parameters in the NE can only be changed during provisioning. This
means that to change the parameters for an entity, the entity must first be
deleted, and then added again, with the new parameter value.
For some entities, the parameters can be modified directly. This section gives
descriptions of how to change these configurable parameters.
The following topics are provided:
“How to Configure Parameters” on p. 221
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“How to Set the Automatic Laser Shutdown Mode” on p. 358, which contains the
instructions for changing the ALS mode.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
“How to Configure System Parameters” on p. 222
“How to Configure NE Mode” on p. 223
How to Configure Parameters
This section gives a general description on how to change configurable parameters.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the entity to view parameters for in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameters pane.
Step 3
Select the Config tab in the Parameters pane.
In response all configured parameters for the selected entity are displayed.
Step 4
Select the Modify button.
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In response, the Modify Configuration window appears. The parameters that are displayed here, depend on the entity that you selected
previously. See the document Management Data Guide for descriptions of all parameters that may be displayed here.
Step 5
Use the provided drop-down lists to select a new value for the parameter.
Value range and default values for the parameters are listed in the
document Management Data Guide, per module type.
Step 6
Select OK to apply the change or Cancel to discard.
End of Procedure
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Configuring Parameters
How to Configure System Parameters
This instruction describes how to change system parameters for the NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the System tab in the Parameters pane.
In response all configured parameters for the selected entity are displayed.
Step 3
Select the Modify button.
Step 4
Enter a text string to identify the NE in the System ID field.
The system ID can be used to identify an NE instead of the NEs IP
address. The system ID is required for proxy access via TL1 (acts as
TL1 TID) or proxy access via http/https. The mapping between system ID and system IP address is stored on the NE (no DNS required).
OSPF-enabled NEs exchange their known system ID to system IP
mappings. The system ID can for example be used to address the NE
via a GNE, using the GNE's http or TL1 proxy functionality.
The default value is FSP3000. This value must be changed so that
each NE in the network has a unique system ID. Your entry must conform to the following rules:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Step 5
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must begin with any one of the 52 alphabetic characters
A through Z in upper case and a through z in lower case
may contain [ A-Z, a-z, 0-9]
may contain [ . ] as a domain separator
must be minimum 1 character and maximum 20 characters, if the
NE will be managed later using TL1
must be minimum 1 character and maximum 64 characters, if the
NE will be managed later using the Craft Console, Web Console
or Element Manager
Must end with [A-Z, a-z, 0-9]
Enter the height of the rack, in Height Units (HUs), into the Size of the
Rack field. One HU is 44.45 mm.
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In response, the Modify Configuration window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 6
Step 7
Enter a name for the NE in the NE Name field.
Enter information about where the NE is located into the System Location field.
Step 8
Enter information about a contact person for the NE into the System
Contact field.
Step 9
Use the provided drop-down lists to select a new value for the parameter.
Step 10
Select OK to apply changes or Cancel to discard.
End of Procedure
How to Configure NE Mode
This instruction describes how to configure which mode the NE shall work in.
The NE mode must reflect the traffic configuration the NE shall handle, for
example add-drop multiplexing.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
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In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the System tab in the Parameters pane.
In response all configured parameters for the selected entity are displayed.
Step 3
Select the Modify button.
In response, the Modify Configuration window appears.
Step 4
User Manual
Use the Traffic Config drop-down list to select the relevant mode for
this NE. The options are:
• Optical terminal multiplexer node
• Optical add drop multiplexer node
• Optical converter node
• In line amplification node
• Hub node.
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Configuring DCN Features
Step 5
Select OK to apply the change or Cancel to discard.
End of Procedure
Configuring DCN Features
This section describes how to configure DCN features. It assumes that the relevant modules are already correctly provisioned.
The following topics are provided:
“How to Configure a LAN IP Address” on p. 224
“How to Configure the System IP Address” on p. 225
“Configuring OSPF for the System Interface” on p. 230
“Defining OSPF for Ethernet PPP IP/LAN IP Interfaces” on p. 232
“Assigning/Removing Static Routes” on p. 233
“Assigning/Removing a Default Route” on p. 235
“Assigning a Default Gateway via the IP Ethernet Interface” on p. 237
How to Configure a LAN IP Address
This procedure describes how to configure the IP address of the LAN IP entity
on the NCU.
PS
Note
The system IP address is used as the SNMP trap sender address, so
this is the IP address that should be entered in the Element Manager,
if the Element Manager shall be used for management of the NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the SC LAN IP entity on the NCU in the Entities pane.
Step 2
Select the Config tab and the Modify button.
In response, the Modify window appears.
Step 3
If relevant, enter an alias for this interface.
Step 4
If this interface shall be a numbered IP interface: Fill in the IP Address
and the IP Mask in the relevant fields.
Ensure that the planned IP addresses for the System, the Ethernet IP
interfaces and the PPP IP interfaces are unique. Attempting to use
non-unique addresses will be denied. In order to comply with the IP
standards, using 255.255.255.254 as a subnet mask value is not
allowed.1
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“Connecting the OSC and LAN IP Ethernet Interface” on p. 238
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 5
If required, change the auto-negotiation setting for the Ethernet IP
interface by selecting Enabled or Disabled in the Auto-Negotiation
drop-down list.
Step 6
Select OK to apply the changes and close the Modify window.
Step 7
Select the State tab and the Modify button. Set the administrative state
to the relevant value at this time. In order for the interface to become
operational, you must set the administrative state to In Service or
Automatic In Service.
Step 8
Reboot the NE for the new IP addresses to take effect.
A reboot causes the management computer to momentarily lose connection to the NE. The NE's IP connectivity should be restored within
a few minutes. The NE's management connectivity is restored at a
later time, indicated by four consecutive beeps and the MOD LED
shining green.
End of Procedure
How to Configure the System IP Address
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The system IP address is the loopback IP address for the NE, and is used as the
SNMP trap sender address, the OSPF router ID, and for ring group switching.
The Element Manager uses the System IP Address for connecting to the NE, so
if you change this address, the Element Manager will lose contact with the NE.
The system IP address is always OSPF enabled.
Additional considerations if the Control Plane is active
If you change the System IP address, this will naturally change the mapping
between the Target Identifier (TID) (System Identity) for the NE and the IP
address to which that TID resolves. This has implications if Control Plane provisioning is active, and you have chosen to use TIDs to identify neighboring elements when configuring LIF_CP entities. A change to the mapping between IP
address and TID is not automatically reflected on the LIF_CP configuration. In
order to update any local LIF_CP entities affected by such a change to IP/TID
mapping at a remote element, the LIF_CP will have to be removed and
re-added. This can be avoided by choosing to enter LIF_CP configuration information using IP addresses rather than TIDs.
This instruction describes how to configure the System IP address of the NE.
1. The value 255.255.255.255 is allowed, as it may be needed for special use
cases. Please contact ADVA Optical Networking for more information if you want
to use this value.
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Configuring DCN Features
Procedure
Step 1
PS
Note
If the NE shall use OSPF: Ensure that the planned IP addresses for
the system IP address, the Ethernet IP interfaces and the PPP IP
interfaces are unique. If the IP addresses are not unique, the DCN will
be non-functional because OSPF will not announce multiple IP interfaces with the same IP address. The default values for the system
and Ethernet IP addresses are not unique, so they must be changed
in this case.
The system IP address is used as the SNMP trap sender address, so
this is the IP address that should be entered in the Element Manager,
if the Element Manager shall be used for management of the NE.
If the NE shall not use OSPF: The system IP address and the Ethernet address may be the same. Likewise the PPP IP addresses may
be the same.
Step 2
Right-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane and select
System IP Settings.
Step 3
Select the System IP tab.
In response the current System IP address and mask is displayed.
Step 4
Select the Modify button.
In response, the Modify Configuration window appears.
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Step 5
Make a note of the existing address in the IP Address field.
Step 6
Enter the loop-back IP address in the IP Address field.
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In response, the System IP Settings window displays.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 7
Enter the mask for the loop-back IP address in the IP Mask field.
The mask entered is only used for any existing unnumbered Ethernet
interface in the NE; if no such interface exists, the subnet mask is simply ignored. In order to comply with the IP standards, using
255.255.255.254 as a subnet mask value is not allowed.1
Step 8
Select OK to apply the change or Cancel to discard.
In response, a warning will be displayed.
Step 9
Confirm that you want to continue, or cancel the application of your
entry.
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If you selected Yes, a warning will be displayed.
Step 10
It is necessary to reboot the NE for the new system IP address to take
effect. However, you can choose to reboot later, do as follows:
a) Stop the automatic reboot process by selecting Cancel.
b) Make a note to remember to reboot at a later time.
A reboot causes the management computer to momentarily lose connection to the NE. The NE is again ready for operation within approximately five minutes. Four consecutive beeps and the MOD LED
shining green indicate that the NE has completed the reboot and can
be accessed again.
Step 11
Remove the old IP address (see note you made in Step 5) that the
Element Manager was connected to, see “How to Delete IP Connections” on p. 52 for guidance.
Step 12
Add the new system IP address to the Element Manager’s list of managed elements, see “How to Add a Single IP Connection” on p. 39 for
guidance.
End of Procedure
1. The value 255.255.255.255 is allowed, as it may be needed for special use
cases. Please contact ADVA Optical Networking for more information if you want
to use this value.
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Configuring DCN Features
Configuring OSPF Areas
In the OSPF routing protocol each router keeps track of the neighboring routers,
exchanges the IP networks that are reachable through each router, calculates
the shortest path to all the reachable IP destinations, and adds routes to its routing table accordingly.
For OSPF to work, the IP addresses of numbered interfaces in the DCN must be
unique. A DCN configuration with non-unique numbered interfaces will be
rejected. OSPF is enabled per IP interface, and the System IP address will
always be advertised. The System IP address is used as the OSPF Router ID.
Depending on the size of the OSPF domain, a single or multiple areas may be
configured. An NE having interfaces in multiple areas is called an Area Border
Router (ABR) and must always have at least one interface configured in the
backbone area (0.0.0.0). An area can also be configured to be a stub area.
Please refer to the DCN chapter in the Detailed System Description for more
information on stub areas.
This instruction describes how to configure OSPF areas for the system.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Entities pane.
Step 2
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In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Select the OSPF tab in the Parameter pane.
In response, all available OSPF information is displayed.
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Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 3
Select the Add button.
In response, the Create OSPF Area window appears.
Step 4
Enter the area ID for the System interface in the Area ID field.
OSPF areas are identified by the 32-bit area ID, which is expressed in
dotted decimal format. For example, area 0.0.1.15 is the same as
area 271 in decimal format.
Step 5
Select the area type from the Area Type drop-down list, either Stub or
Normal.
Step 6
Select Next.
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In response, the Create OSPF Area window content changes.
Step 7
Enter the Stub Default Route Cost for this stub area.
This is a metric that is advertised for the default route into the stub
area. It ranges from 0 to 65535. The lower the number, the more likely
this area border router is used for external/default traffic.
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Configuring DCN Features
Step 8
Select Next.
In response, the Create OSPF Area window content changes.
Step 9
Select Next.
Step 10
Select Finish to close the Create OSPF Area window.
Step 11
To view the settings of any OSPF area, select that area in the OSPF
area list, then toggle the Config button.The OSPF area settings will be
displayed below the OSPF area list.
Step 12
Ensure that all required OSPF areas for this NE have been created by
checking the OSPF area list. Each OSPF area can be identified by its
AID, which reflects its area ID.
End of Procedure
Configuring OSPF for the System Interface
OSPF is always enabled for the System (Loopback) interface. The OSPF protocol uses the System IP address as the OSPF router ID. The System IP will only
take effect as the OSPF Router ID, after the NE has been rebooted.
This instruction describes how to configure the redistribution and area ID for the
system interface.
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In response, the Create OSPF Area window content changes.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Entities pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Step 2
Select the OSPF tab in the Parameter pane.
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In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the OSPF pane.
Step 3
Select the Modify button to change any of these parameters.
In response, the Modify window appears.
Step 4
Use the Area ID drop-down list to select the correct OSPF area.
Step 5
Use the Route Redistribution drop-down list to specify how the routes
shall be redistributed.
• Select Static to redistribute static routes using OSPF.
• Select None if static routes will not be distributed using OSPF.
This is the initial default value.
PS
Note
User Manual
Static routes shall not be redistributed into stub areas; similarly an NE
which is internal to a stub area shall not redistribute static routes over
OSPF.
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Configuring DCN Features
Step 6
Select OK to apply your settings.
End of Procedure
Defining OSPF for Ethernet PPP IP/LAN IP Interfaces
This instruction describes how to configure the redistribution and area ID for the
system interface.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant Network Element in the NE Pane.
Step 2
Select from the NCU submenu either:
• the supervisory channel (SC-1-A-C LANIP)
• the PPP IP channel (LINK-1-A-<n> PPP IP)
Step 3
Select the Config tab.
Step 4
To make changes to the current OSPF parameter values, select Modify.
Step 5
Set the OSPF routing properties for the interface as follows:
a) Activate OSPF by setting OSPF Routing to the relevant option.
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This example shows the supervisory channel.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
b) Enter the OSPF cost for this interface in the Routing Metric field.
The default OSPF costis 100, which is independent of the IP
interface's bandwidth.
The higher the OSPF Cost, the less likely the OSPF routing protocol will enter routes to the attached network which go via this
interface into the routing tables of the OSPF routers.
c) Select the OSPF area ID for this interface.
The area ID may be different for different IP interfaces on a network element. If multiple area ID's are configured, the NE operates as an area border router. An NE configured as an area
border router must have at least one IP interface assigned to the
backbone area ID 0.0.0.0.
Step 6
Select OK to apply your changes or Cancel to cancel them.
End of Procedure
Assigning/Removing Static Routes
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This procedure describes how to add or delete a static route to the routing table.
Static routes can be configured to be able to reach new destinations (destinations that are not immediately reachable through the configured IP interfaces).
Static routes must point out the next hop or gateway to reach the new destination, as well as the IP interface over which the gateway can be reached. A gateway in a static route must therefore always be in the same IP subnet as the IP
interface towards the gateway in that static route. For a static route using a PPP
IP interface towards the gateway, the gateway IP address must be equal to the
local/near-end IP address of that PPP IP interfaces. In the case of an unnumbered PPP IP interface, use the local System IP address as the default gateway.
The DCN plan should give you the needed information to configure static routes:
for each new destination the gateway and IP interface towards the gateway
must be defined.
A static route will become active immediately (i.e. no reboot is required), but
only if its IP interface towards the gateway is operationally up. You can view
both the active and the inactive routes. Viewing the inactive routes allows you to
delete static route configurations that are not currently active.
To define static routes, a user account of ADMIN level is required.
Procedure
Step 1
Right-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane and select
System IP Settings.
In response, the System IP Settings window displays.
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Configuring DCN Features
Step 2
Select the Routing Table tab.
Step 3
Select Add to open the Add Route window.
Step 4
Enter the destination IP address for this new route in the Destination
field.
Step 5
Enter the subnet mask for the destination in the Mask field.
Step 6
Enter the IP address of the local interface gateway in the Gateway
field.
Step 7
If required, change the default routing metric value displayed in the
Metric field.
This value represents the weight for the OSPF interface in the OSPF
calculation. The higher this number is, the more expensive a route
becomes when using this link. In the case of multiple routes to the
same destination, the route with the lower metric is preferred. Changing the routing metric will be taken into account immediately.
Step 8
Step 9
In the Device field, use the drop-down list to select the IP interface
that the gateway is reachable over.
Apply your setting by selecting OK or cancel them by selecting Cancel.
Step 10
Step 11
Select Refresh in either the Active Routes or Inactive Routes section to
update the list of routes after your change.
You can now see the route you added in either the Active Routes or
Inactive Routes section.
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In response the current active routes in the system are displayed.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 12
If you wish to remove either an active or inactive route, select the
route in the Active Routes or Inactive Routes list, and select Delete.
In response a warning window appears.
Step 13
Step 14
Select Yes to confirm the deletion or Cancel to cancel the deletion.
When you are finished working with routes, select Close to close the
System IP Settings window.
End of Procedure
Assigning/Removing a Default Route
This procedure describes how to add or delete a default route to the routing
table.
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A default route is just a special case of a static route, namely for the destination
"0.0.0.0". If no other, more specific static routes are present for the destination
being looked up, the default route will always apply as a last resort. Configuring
a default static route is the easiest way to perform static routing, and can still be
useful in combination with dynamic routing, namely as a fall-back solution in
case OSPF would fail.
There is one special option for configuring a default route using an Ethernet
interface: see “Assigning a Default Gateway via the IP Ethernet Interface” on
p. 237. This method provides a very simple way of configuring a default route,
and this configuration will be taken into account by the Linux system and be
operational independently of the ADVA specific NE software. This default route
will have metric 0, and thus have the highest priority. However, by design, this
default route cannot be advertised by OSPF. Activating this configuration
requires a reboot. Consider whether this option is relevant.
To define static routes, a user account of ADMIN level is required.
Procedure
Step 1
Right-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane and select
System IP Settings.
In response, the System IP Settings window displays.
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Configuring DCN Features
Step 2
Select the Routing Table tab.
Step 3
Select Add to open the Add Route window.
Step 4
Enter the value 0.0.0.0 in the Destination field.
Step 5
Enter the 0.0.0.0 in the Mask field.
Step 6
Enter the IP address of the local interface that shall be the default
route in the Gateway field.
This IP address must be entered manually even if the local interface
is unnumbered (=System IP address).
Step 7
If required, change the default routing metric value displayed in the
Metric field.
This value represents the weight for the OSPF interface in the OSPF
calculation. The higher this number is, the more expensive a route
becomes when using this link. Changing the routing metric will be
taken into account immediately.
Step 8
Step 9
In the Device field, use the drop-down list to select the local IP interface for the default route. The options are:
• LINK-1-A-x, if the PPP IP interface has been provisioned.
Apply your setting by selecting OK or cancel them by selecting Cancel.
Step 10
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Select Refresh in either the Active Routes or Inactive Routes section to
update the list of routes after your change.
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In response the current active routes in the system are displayed.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 11
You can now see the route you added in either the Active Routes or
Inactive Routes section.
Step 12
If you wish to remove the default route, select it in the Active Routes or
Inactive Routes list, and select Delete.
In response a warning window appears.
Step 13
Step 14
Select Yes to confirm the deletion or Cancel to cancel the deletion.
When you are finished working with routes, select Close to close the
System IP Settings window.
End of Procedure
Assigning a Default Gateway via the IP Ethernet
Interface
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This section describes special option for configuring a default route using an
Ethernet interface. This method provides a very simple way of configuring a
default route, and this configuration will be taken into account by the Linux system and be operational even if the NE software is not running. This default route
will have metric 0, and thus have the highest priority. However, by design, this
default route cannot be advertised by OSPF. Activating this configuration
requires a reboot.
If dynamic routing using the OSPF protocol is used, this gateway will only be
used if OSPF fails.
Procedure
Step 1
Right-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane and select
System IP Settings.
In response, the System IP Settings window displays.
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Configuring DCN Features
Step 2
Select the Default Gateway tab.
Step 3
Select the Modify tab.
Step 4
Step 5
Enter the IP address of the default gateway in the Default Gateway
field.
Apply your setting by selecting OK or cancel them by selecting Cancel.
Step 6
Select Close to close the System IP Settings window.
End of Procedure
Connecting the OSC and LAN IP Ethernet Interface
This procedure describes how to connect the OSC and the Ethernet IP interface.
Procedure
238
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
Expand the list of equipment in the Entity pane and select the OSCM
(MOD-x-y-OSCM).
Step 3
Select the Config tab in the Parameters pane.
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In response, the Modify window displays.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 4
Select Modify.
Step 5
Use the LAN-AID drop-down list to select the LAN IP Ethernet interface on the NCU to connect the OSC to.
For example: LAN-1-A-1.
Step 6
Apply your setting by selecting OK or cancel them by selecting Cancel.
End of Procedure
Configuring Security
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
This section contains instructions for configuring security related aspects of the
NE.
The following topics are provided:
How to Enable/Disable the FTP Server
How to Enable/Disable the FTP Client
How to Enable/Disable Use of SSH
How to Configure Known Hosts
How to Enable/Disable the FTP Server
Software update files, database update files and alarm profile files can be
imported and exported from the NE using an FTP client-server pair. The Element Manager has an FTP client on board. In order to upload files to the NE, a
PC running an FTP server is required.
NEs with a NCU with a 1 GB CompactFlash (CF) installed, also have an FTP
server on board. The NCU-II is an example of this. In this case no external FTP
server is necessary. The FTP server is disabled by default, thus after installation
of a software update, the FTP server functionality will be disabled again. Thus, if
use of the FTP server is required, the FTP server must be enabled after a software update. If use of FTP is considered a security threat, the FTP server
should be disabled after the software update.
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Configuring Security
This section contains the instruction to enable the FTP server.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant Network Element in the NE Pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu select Configuration -> Security Settings.
In response the Security Settings window appears.
Select the Modify button.
In response, the Modify window appears.
Step 4
Use the FTP Server drop-down list and select Enable to enable the
FTP Server. To disable it, select Disable.
Step 5
Select OK to apply the change, or Cancel to discard the change.
End of Procedure
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Step 3
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
How to Enable/Disable the FTP Client
Software update files, database update files and alarm profile files can be
imported and exported from the NE using an FTP client-server pair. The Element Manager has an FTP client on board.
This section contains the instruction to enable or disable the FTP client that is
built into the Element Manager.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant Network Element in the NE Pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu select Configuration -> Security Settings.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
In response the Security Settings window appears.
Step 3
Select the Modify button.
In response, the Modify window appears.
Step 4
Use the FTP Client drop-down list and select Enable to enable the FTP
client. To disable it, select Disable.
Step 5
Select OK to apply the change, or Cancel to discard the change.
End of Procedure
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Configuring Security
How to Enable/Disable Use of SSH
This instruction describes how to enable or disable use of SSH for secure communication with the NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant Network Element in the NE Pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu select Configuration -> Security Settings.
Step 3
Select the Modify button.
In response, the Modify window appears.
Step 4
Use the SSH Server drop-down list and select Enable to enable the
use of the SSH protocol. To disable it, select Disable.
Step 5
Select OK to apply the change, or Cancel to discard the change.
End of Procedure
How to Configure Known Hosts
The secure shell protocol (SSH) allows data to be exchanged over secure channels. This involves use of private and public keys for exchanging the data with
known hosts, and these items must be defined for each known host that may
access the NE.
This instruction describes how to define known hosts and their public keys.
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In response the Security Settings window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE in the Entity pane.
Step 2
Select Configuration -> Security Settings from the main menu.
In response the Security Settings window appears.
Step 3
Select the SSH Fingerprints tab.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
In response the Security Settings window displays a list of the known
hosts.
The following information is displayed:
Column Name
Description
Known Host IP
This is the IP address of the remote host that shall
de defined as a known host for the NE.
This is the host's SSH public key encryption
algorithm. RSA, RSA1 or DSA are supported. The
SSH client, and the SSH server on the remote
host will negotiate which one to use.
This is a readable form of the remote host’s public
key. By applying the cryptographic hash function
MD5, SSH converts the public key of the remote
host to this unique, more readable, form that you
can use to exchange and compare with other key
authentication data.
Type
Fingerprint
Step 4
User Manual
Select which action you wish to take:
• To add a new known host to the list, go to Step 5.
• To modify an the fingerprint for an existing known host, go to
Step 11.
• To delete a known host from the list, go to Step 15.
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Configuring Security
Step 5
Select the Add button.
In response, the Add Known Host dialog appears.
Step 6
Enter the IP address of the new known host in the Known Host IP field.
Step 7
Specify the host's SSH public key encryption algorithm by using the
Type drop-down list.
RSA, RSA1 or DSA are supported.
Step 8
Enter the fingerprint for the host’s public key in the Fingerprint field.
Step 9
Select OK to add the known host, or Cancel to discard your entries
and return to the Known Hosts tab.
Step 10
Continue from Step 15.
Step 11
Select the Modify button.
Step 12
Modify the fingerprint for the host’s public key, in the Fingerprint field.
Step 13
Select OK to apply the new fingerprint, or Cancel to discard your
entries and return to the Known Hosts tab.
Step 14
Continue from Step 15.
Step 15
Select the known host that you wish to delete from the known hosts
list.
Step 16
Select the Delete button.
In response, a confirmation window appears.
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In response, the Modify Fingerprint dialog appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 17
Select Yes to complete the deletion, or Cancel to abort the action.
If you selected Yes, the list of known hosts is updated. If necessary,
you can refresh the list of known hosts by selecting the Refresh button.
End of Procedure
Working with Protection
When channel, virtual channel, channel card or versatile protection has been
provisioned, protection is active. You can view information about the current
protection configuration at the entity level, or at the NE level. You can also operate the protection switch manually.
The following topics are provided:
“How to view Single Protection Group Settings (Method A)” on p. 246
“How to View Single Protection Group Settings (Method B)” on p. 247
“How to View All Protection Group Settings” on p. 248
“How to Make a Manual Protection Switch (Method A)” on p. 249
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
“How to Make a Manual Protection Switch (Method B)” on p. 250
“How to Make a Manual Ethernet Linear Protection Switch” on p. 252
“How to Inhibit Protection Switch (Method A)” on p. 254
“How to Inhibit Protection Switch (Method B)” on p. 255
“How to Inhibit an Ethernet Linear Protection Switch” on p. 256
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Working with Protection
How to view Single Protection Group Settings
(Method A)
This instruction describes how to view the protection settings for one single protection group.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant channel module that is used in a protection group.
Step 2
Either right-click the module and select Protection from the context
sensitive menu that appears, or select Configuration->Protection from
the Main Menu.
Step 3
Select which protection group to view, using the Protection Group
drop-down list.
This list contains the FFP-CH entities, and there is on entity for each
end channel in the protection group. For example, FFP-CH-1-18-NE1
and FFP-CH-1-18-NW1 can be defined to be in a protection group.
You can select either of these two here, meaning that the information
about that protection group can be viewed by selecting either of the
two FFP entities.
Step 4
246
To view all protection details that were entered during provisioning,
read the top section of the Protection window. Note that the defined
working AID is indicated here, while the status for each of the working
and protection AIDs are shown in the Working AID and Protection AID
sections.
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In response, the Protection window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 5
Refresh the contents of this window when needed, using the Refresh
button.
End of Procedure
How to View Single Protection Group Settings
(Method B)
This instruction describes how to view the protection settings for one single protection group. These settings are not editable from this window.
Procedure
Step 1
Select one of the network side channels in a protection group from the
Entities pane hierarchical list.
Such channels are named: CH-<shelf #>-<slot #>-N|NE|NW.
Step 2
In the Parameter pane, select the Config tab.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
In response, the configured parameters for this channel are displayed.
The protection settings that were entered during provisioning are displayed in the Protection section. This section can be expanded or collapsed.
End of Procedure
Each of the protection parameters are described in the FSP3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
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Working with Protection
How to View All Protection Group Settings
This instruction describes how to view the protection settings for all protection
groups in an NE at once.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE from the Entities pane hierarchical list.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Protection Groups.
Step 3
Display the protection type that you wish to see protection groups for
by selecting the relevant tab in the Protection Group window.
The Protection Group window can display protection groups for the following protection types:
•
•
•
channel protection
channel group protection (versatile protection)
Ethernet linear protection
The protection parameters are described in the FSP3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
Step 4
This list is not updated automatically after it has been opened. To
refresh the contents: Select the Refresh button.
Step 5
Print the protection groups list by selecting the Print button.
Step 6
Save the protection groups list to file by selecting the Save button.
Step 7
Close the Protection Groups window by selecting the Close button.
End of Procedure
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In response, the Protection Group window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
How to Make a Manual Protection Switch (Method A)
This instruction describes how to issue manual protection switching commands
using the Protection window. This instruction is not applicable for Ethernet linear
protection.
PS
Note
For channel card protection: when ALS is enabled on the client port of
the channel modules, the start time of the ALS will contribute to the
protection switch time.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant channel module that is used in a protection group.
Step 2
Either right-click the module and select Protection from the context
sensitive menu that appears, or select Configuration->Protection from
the Main Menu.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
In response, the Protection window appears.
Step 3
Select the correct protection group, using the Protection Group
drop-down list.
If the Working AID or Protection AID has a selectable Modify button,
this is the currently used AID.
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Working with Protection
Step 4
Select the Modify button of the currently used AID.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 5
Switch to the other AID by using the Protection Switch drop-down list
and selecting the option Manual Switch.
Step 6
Apply the entry by selecting OK.
Step 7
Update the displayed information in the Protection window by selecting Refresh.
Step 8
Check the sections Working AID or Protection AID to see whether the
switch took place.
Step 9
Close the Protection window by selecting Close.
How to Make a Manual Protection Switch (Method B)
This instruction describes how to issue manual protection switching commands
using the Operation tab. This instruction is not applicable for Ethernet linear protection.
PS
Note
For channel card protection: when ALS is enabled on the client port of
the channel modules, the start time of the ALS will contribute to the
protection switch time.
Procedure
Step 1
Select one of the network side channels in a protection group from the
Entities pane hierarchical list.
Such channels are named: CH-<shelf #>-<slot #>-N|NE|NW.
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End of Procedure
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 2
In the Parameter pane, select the Operation tab.
In response, the commands that can be issued are displayed.
Select the Modify button.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
In response, the Modify Operation window appears.
Step 3
Use the Protection Switch drop-down list to issue the relevant command.
• Manual Switch results in switching to the other path (working or
protection).
• Release Switch releases the manual setting.
Step 4
Select OK to apply the command, or Cancel to discard it.
End of Procedure
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Working with Protection
How to Make a Manual Ethernet Linear Protection
Switch
This instruction describes how to issue manual protection switching commands
for Ethernet linear protection.
Procedure
Step 1
Either right-click the NE where the protection module resides and
select Flow Connections from the context sensitive menu that
appears, or select Configuration->Flow Connections from the Main
Menu.
Step 2
Select the Ethernet Linear Protection Group tab.
In response, the Flow Connection window content changes.
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In response, the Flow Connection window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 3
If necessary use the Equipment, Port, SVID From and SVID To fields in
the Filter section to filter the display of Ethernet linear protection
groups.
Step 4
Right-click the correct Ethernet linear protection group in the table
and select Details from the context sensitive menu that appears.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
In response the Ethernet Linear Protection Group Details window
appears.
Step 5
Find out whether it is the working or protection path that is active by
checking the Secondary States field In the Working AID or Protection
AID section.
Step 6
Switch to the other AID by using the Protection Switch drop-down list
in the active path’s section to select Manual Switch.
Step 7
Apply the entry by selecting Apply.
Step 8
Update the displayed information in the Protection window by selecting Refresh.
Step 9
Check the Secondary States fields in the sections Working AID or Protection AID to see whether the switch took place.
Step 10
Close the Ethernet Linear Protection window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
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Working with Protection
How to Inhibit Protection Switch (Method A)
This instruction describes how to inhibit a protection switch to the protection
path using the Protection window.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant channel module that is used in a protection group.
Step 2
Either right-click the module and select Protection from the context
sensitive menu that appears, or select Configuration->Protection from
the Main Menu.
Step 3
Select the correct protection group, using the Protection Group
drop-down list.
If the Working AID or Protection AID has a selectable Modify button,
this is the currently used AID.
Step 4
Select the Modify button of the currently used AID.
In response the Modify window appears.
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In response, the Protection window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 5
If you see the Inhibit Switch to PROTN drop-down list: Use the
drop-down list to select:
• Yes, which inhibits switching to the protection path.
• No, which indicates normal protection operation
If you see the Inhibit Switch to WKG drop-down list: Use the drop-down
list to select:
•
•
Yes, which inhibits switching to the working path.
No, which indicates normal working operation
Step 6
Select OK to apply the command, or Cancel to discard it.
Step 7
Update the displayed information in the Protection window by selecting Refresh.
Step 8
Check the sections Working AID or Protection AID to see whether the
setting has been applied.
Step 9
Close the Protection window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
How to Inhibit Protection Switch (Method B)
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
This instruction describes how to inhibit a protection switch to the protection
path.
Procedure
Step 1
Select one of the network side channels in a protection group from the
Entities pane hierarchical list.
Such channels are named: CH-<shelf #>-<slot #>-N|NE|NW.
Step 2
In the Parameter pane, select the Operation tab.
In response, the commands that can be issued are displayed.
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Working with Protection
Step 3
Select the Modify button.
In response, the Modify Operation window appears.
Step 4
Use the Inhibit Switch to PROTN drop-down list to select:
• Yes, which inhibits switching to the protection path.
• No, which indicates normal protection operation
Step 5
Select OK to apply the command, or Cancel to discard it.
End of Procedure
This instruction describes how to inhibit a protection switch away from the currently active path for Ethernet linear protection.
Procedure
Step 1
Either right-click the NE where the protection module resides and
select Flow Connections from the context sensitive menu that
appears, or select Configuration->Flow Connections from the Main
Menu.
In response, the Flow Connection window appears.
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How to Inhibit an Ethernet Linear Protection Switch
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 2
Select the Ethernet Linear Protection Group tab.
In response, the Flow Connection window content changes.
Step 3
If necessary use the Equipment, Port, SVID From and SVID To fields in
the Filter section to filter the display of Ethernet linear protection
groups.
Step 4
Right-click the correct Ethernet linear protection group in the table
and select Details from the context sensitive menu that appears.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
In response the Ethernet Linear Protection Group Details window
appears.
Step 5
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Find out whether it is the working or protection path that is active by
checking the Secondary States field In the Working AID or Protection
AID section.
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Working with Protection
Step 6
Inhibit protection switching to the other AID by using the Inhibit Switch
to PROTN or Inhibit Switch to WKG drop-down list in the active path’s
section to select Yes.
Step 7
Apply the entry by selecting Apply.
Step 8
Close the Ethernet Linear Protection window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
How to Configure APS Hold-Off Time (Method A)
This instruction describes how to configure the hold-off time between a protection switch trigger and the actual switching, using the Protection window.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant channel module that is used in a protection group.
Step 2
Either right-click the module and select Protection from the context
sensitive menu that appears, or select Configuration->Protection from
the Main Menu.
Step 3
258
Select the correct protection group, using the Protection Group
drop-down list.
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In response, the Protection window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 4
Select the Modify button in the top section.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 5
Use the APS Hold-Off drop-down list to select the hold-off time. The
option None means that no hold-off time will be used.
Step 6
Select OK to apply the command, or Cancel to discard it.
Step 7
Update the displayed information in the Protection window by selecting Refresh.
Step 8
Check the field APS Hold-Off to see whether the setting has been
applied.
Step 9
Close the Protection window by selecting Close.
End of Procedure
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
How to Configure APS Hold-Off Time (Method B)
This instruction describes how to configure the hold-off time between a protection switch trigger and the actual switching, using the Config tab.
Procedure
Step 1
Select one of the network side channels or virtual channels in a protection group from the Entities pane hierarchical list.
Step 2
In the Parameter pane, select the Config tab.
In response, the configured parameters for this channel are displayed.
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How to Change the Administrative State
Step 3
Select the Modify button in the Protection section.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 4
Use the APS Hold-Off drop-down list to select the hold-off time. The
option None means that no hold-off time will be used.
Step 5
Select OK to apply the command, or Cancel to discard it.
Step 6
Update the displayed information in the Protection section by selecting
Refresh.
Step 7
Check the field APS Hold-Off to see whether the setting has been
applied.
End of Procedure
This section describes how to change the administrative state for an entity.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
Select the relevant entity in the Entities pane.
Step 3
Select the State tab.
Step 4
Select Modify.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 5
260
Use the Admin State drop-down list to select the relevant administrative state option for the entity.
Option
Behavior
Abbreviation
In Service; alarms are reported
Automatic In Service; alarms are not
reported but service-affecting operations
cannot be performed.
Management; alarms are not reported,
service affecting operations are allowed.
in service
out of service
IS
AINS
out of service
MGT
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How to Change the Administrative State
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Option
Behavior
Abbreviation
Maintenance; alarms are not reported,
service affecting operations are allowed.
Disabled; alarms are suppressed, service
affecting operations are allowed.
out of service
MT
out of service
DSBLD
Step 6
Select OK to apply your change or Cancel to reject the changes.
End of Procedure
Configuring the OTDR
The OTDR is configured using the separate OTDR application. For information
about configuring the OTDR, please see the OTDR Installation, Provisioning,
and Operations Manual.
This section describes how to open the OTDR application.
Procedure
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Step 1
Select the OTDR in the Entities pane. The OTDR is represented by
the shelf entity SHELF-OTDR 8-OTDR3HU.
In response the Equipment pane displays the OTDR.
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Viewing Node Channel Traces
Step 2
In the Equipment pane, select Open in browser.
Step 3
Consult the OTDR Installation, Provisioning, and Operations Manual
for instructions on logging in to the OTDR application and using it.
End of Procedure
Viewing Node Channel Traces
The FSP 3000R7 system supports NEs with multiple degrees, tunable lasers
and filters, optical channel power control, channel switching, and directionless
add/drop capabilities. Node channel trace determines the path that a service follows through a node, starting from a designated point. A service may be traced
through the node at the wavelength level.
Tracing a service through the node identifies the ports on modules that support
that service, starting from the user-specified point to the other end-point. One or
both of the service end points are Optical Lines (OL).
The current performance monitoring (PM) values can also be displayed. Users
can compare values to verify signal flow and to ensure that fibers are clean and
properly connected.
Service trace may be a single channel path for uni-directional channels or multiple channel paths for bi-directional, drop-and-continue, or multicast channels.
This procedure describes how to view service traces in an NE.
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In response a browser opens, displaying the login window for the
OTDR application.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Procedure
Step 1
From the main menu, select Node Channel Trace.
In response, the Node Channel Trace window opens.
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Step 2
If you wish to trace the channel path through an optical line, do as follows:
• Select the Optical Line radio button.
• Select the optical line that the channel passes through by using
the Optical Line drop-down list.
• Select the relevant channel carried on this optical line by using
the Channel Number drop-down list.
Continue from Step 4.
Step 3
User Manual
If you wish to trace the channel path from one port to another port, do
as follows:
• Select the Port radio button.
• Select the port the channel originates from in the Port drop-down
list.
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Viewing Node Channel Traces
Step 4
In response the Node Channel Trace window displays the channel
path in tabular form.
Column Name
Description
Id
Each uni-directional trace is represented by a
different number, which is displayed in this field.
This field shows the specific type of a channel path
route. The following types are supported:
Route Type
From AID
•
Backplane
•
Cable
•
Equipment
•
Fiber
• Provisioned
This field identifies the service trace’s source-point
by its AID.
•
If this is an optical line, also the channel number is displayed.
•
To AID
264
If this is a port, also the module equipment
point displays.
This field identifies the service trace’s source-point
by its AID.
•
If this is an optical line, also the channel number is displayed.
•
If this is a port, also the module equipment
point displays.
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The following information is provided in the node channel trace table.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 5
If you want to view the measured optical power at the source and destination facilities of the channel, place a check mark in the Display
Optical Power PM check box.
This option is not selected by default because the retrieval of performance monitoring data can be a lengthy operation.
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In response the Node Channel Trace window table changes.
The following additional information is provided in the node channel
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Viewing Node Channel Traces
trace table:.
Column Name
Description
Tx (a/ppc) [dBm]
This column shows the transmitted optical power
measured at the trace’s source-point. The
following values can be shown:
•
<a>/<ppc>, where <a> signifies the aggregate, or total, power at the transmission port
and <ppc> signifies the power per-channel, or
optical power, for a particular service.
•
n/a, which indicates that an error has
occurred. Either the facility is provisioned but
not equipped, or a Loss of Signal (LOS) alarm
is raised against the port.
Rx (a/ppc) [dBm]
no value, which indicates that the port or OL
does not support performance monitoring.
This column shows the received optical power
measured at the trace’s destination-point or optical
line. The following values can be shown:
•
<a>/<ppc>, where <a> signifies the aggregate, or total power at the transmission port
and <ppc> signifies the power per-channel, or
optical power, for a particular service.
•
n/a, which indicates that an error has
occurred. Either the facility is provisioned but
not equipped, or a Loss of Signal (LOS) alarm
is raised against the port.
•
266
no value, which indicates that the port or OL
does not support performance monitoring.
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•
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 6
To see a graphical view of the channel path, select the Graph tab.
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In response the Node Channel Trace window displays a graph instead
of a table.
Step 7
To refresh the content of the table or graph, select Refresh.
Step 8
When you are finished, select Close to close the Node Channel Trace
window.
End of Procedure
Viewing Information About the NE
This section collects all instructions for viewing information about the entities in
the NE.
The following topics are provided:
“How to View System Information” on p. 268
“How to View Configured Parameters” on p. 270
“How to View Inventory for an Entity” on p. 271
“How to View Inventory for a NE” on p. 272
“How to View Interface Information” on p. 273
“How to View the Routing Table” on p. 274
“How to View the OSPF Information” on p. 275
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Viewing Information About the NE
How to View System Information
This instruction describes how to view system information for the NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
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In response, the Parameter pane displays.
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Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 2
Select the System tab in the Parameters pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameters pane.
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The following information is provided.
Field Name
Description
NE SW Version
This shows the name of the SW package file that
is currently running.
This field is user configurable and shows the NE’s
name.
This field shows that the NE is WDM type
equipment.
This shows the product name of the NE.
This field shows the manufacturer of the NE.
This shows the grade of the NE.
This field is user configurable, it shows what kind
of configuration the node is defined to work in. For
example, as a optical add drop multiplexer.
The options are:
o
Optical terminal multiplexer node
o
Optical add drop multiplexer node
o
Optical converter node
o
In line amplification node
o
Hub node
This field is user configurable and shows the size
of the rack, in Height Units (HU). One HU is 44.45
mm.
This field is a user-configurable system
identification text for the NE. The default value is
“FSP3000”.
This field is user configurable and shows the
location that the NE is installed at.
This field is user configurable and shows the
contact person that has been defined for the NE.
NE Name
Network Element Type
Model
Manufacturer name
Grade
Traffic Config
Size of the Rack
System ID
System Location
System Contact
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Viewing Information About the NE
Field Name
Description
Alarm Activation Time
The Fault Cause Persistency filter raises alarms
only after being present for a configurable amount
of time (Alarm Activation Time).
The Fault Cause Persistency filter clears alarms
after they are gone for the configured amount of
time (Alarm Deactivation Time).
Alarm Deactivation
Time
End of Procedure
How to View Configured Parameters
This instruction describes how to view parameters that have been configured for
the NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
Select the entity to view parameters for it in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameters pane.
Step 3
Select the Config tab in the Parameters pane.
In response all configured parameters for the selected entity are displayed.
The parameters that are displayed in this tab depend on the entity you selected.
See the document Management Data Guide for descriptions of all parameters
that may be displayed for the selected module type and all its dependent entities.
End of Procedure
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In response, the Parameter pane displays.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
How to View Inventory for an Entity
This instruction describes how to view the inventory information for a single
piece of equipment.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant shelf, module or pluggable transceiver from the
Entities pane hierarchical list.
Step 2
In the Parameter pane, select the Inventory tab.
In response, the inventory information is displayed.
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The following fields are used in the Inventory table:
. Field Name
CLEI Code
FW Package Revision
Official Name
Serial Number
uCM Revision
FPGA Revision
Hardware Revision
Part Number
Vendor Code
Description.
Shows the Common Language Equipment
Identifier (CLEI) for this equipment.
The revision number of the firmware package
(FWP) that this equipment is using. The firmware
package contains both software for the network
element and equipment firmware for each module.
The revision numbers for each of these can be
found in the software and database control page
of the management tools
The name of the equipment.
The equipment’s serial number.
This field is not relevant for all modules. It shows
the revision for the micro-controller software.
This field is not relevant for all modules. It shows
the revision for the FPGA.
The revision of the equipment’s hardware.
The ADVA part number for this equipment.
This field is only relevant for SFP Transceivers. It
shows the name of the vendor for the equipment.
End of Procedure
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Viewing Information About the NE
How to View Inventory for a NE
This instruction describes how to view the inventory information for a whole NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE from the Entities pane hierarchical list.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Inventory List.
Each of the inventory items are described in “How to View Inventory
for an Entity” on p. 271.
Step 3
Use the Equipment Category drop-down list to filter the display of
items in the Inventory List window.
Step 4
This list is not updated automatically after it has been opened. To
refresh the contents: Select the Refresh button.
Step 5
Print the list by selecting the Print button.
Step 6
Save the list to file by selecting the Save button.
Step 7
Close the Inventory List window by selecting the Close button.
End of Procedure
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In response, the Inventory List window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
How to View Interface Information
This instruction describes how to view information about channel module interfaces.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant module from the Entities pane hierarchical list.
Step 2
In the Parameter pane, select the Info tab.
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In response, information about the interfaces on this module is displayed.
Step 3
This list is not updated automatically after it has been opened. To
refresh the contents: Select the Refresh button.
End of Procedure
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Viewing Information About the NE
How to View the Routing Table
This instruction describes how to view the routing table for the NE. The routing
table can display both the currently active routes and the inactive routes. It is not
possible to define or delete routes with the Element Manager.
The routing table is shown in Figure 18.
Figure 18:
Routing Table
Column Name
Description
Destination
This column shows the IP address for the
destination of the route.For a network route, the
Destination is the IP subnet ID and the Mask is the
IP subnet mask. For a host route, the Destination is
a single IP address, and the Mask is
255.255.255.255. The entry 0.0.0.0 is the default
route.
This column show the gateway that is used to
reach the Destination IP address.
This column shows the mask for the Destination IP
address.
This column shows the type of route. The possible
types are Local, Static, or OSPF. The local route is
the route the NE uses when reaching addresses in
the same subnet as the NE itself. For a local route
there is no gateway. Static and OSPF routes are
set so the NE can reach addresses outside the
NE’s subnet. Static routes are added manually,
while OSPF routes are added by the OSPF
protocol.
This column shows the metric value for the route.
The higher the metric value, the less priority this
route has over other routes.
This column shows which IP interface that the
gateway is reachable over.
Gateway
Mask
Routing Type
Metric
Device
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The following information is provided.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
To open the routing table:
Procedure
Step 1
Right-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane and select
System IP Settings.
In response, the System IP Settings window displays.
Step 2
Select the Routing Table tab.
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In response, the active routes are displayed in the Routing pane.
Step 3
To display the inactive routes, expand the Inactive Routes section.
Step 4
Select the Refresh button to update the window contents.
End of Procedure
How to View the OSPF Information
This instruction describes how to view the routing table for the NE. It is not possible to define routes with Element Manager.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays.
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Viewing Information About the NE
Step 2
Select the OSPF tab in the Parameters pane.
The following information is provided.
Field Name
Description
Area ID
This reduces the resources needed for the OSPF
calculation by segmenting the routing domain into
areas where routing information is exchanged
(routing information exchange between areas is
limited).
This field shows how the routes shall be
redistributed. The option Static means that static
routes are redistributed using OSPF. The option
None means that static routes will not be
distributed using OSPF. This is the initial default
value.
This field shows whether the OSPF area is a
normal area or a stub area.
This field shows the OSPF cost for any stub areas.
Route Redistribution
Area Type
Stub Default Route
Cost
Step 3
To view which interfaces use an OSPF area, select that OSPF area in
the OSPF Areas list and toggle the Config button to display the information about that OSPF area.
Step 4
Select the Refresh button to update the window contents.
End of Procedure
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In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameters pane.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Configuring Date and Time
This section describes how to manually set the time, date and time zone of the
NE, and to synchronize NE time using the Network Time Protocol (NTP).
PS
Note
Features such as scheduled equalization of ROADMs cannot take
place unless NTP synchronization is configured and enabled for the
NE.
Any action which changes the date and time will result in an entry in the event
log. The entry will indicate whether the change was due to a manual change (including the user account that made the change), due to an NTP step correction,
or due to a daylight saving time action.
Changes to the date and time of the NE, either directly, via the time zone, or via
changes to the NTP configuration, should preferably be done when commissioning the system.
PS
Any action which changes the date and time may affect the
performance records in an already operating system.
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Note
The intervals of the performance records that were being gathered when the
time was changed, will be incomplete and therefore those performance records
will be marked as invalid. Moreover, if the time is set back in an already operating system, you end up with multiple performance records with the same timestamp. To avoid confusion, it is best to retrieve already collected performance
records from the NE prior to changing the time. For your convenience, multiple
performance records with identical timestamps will still be listed chronologically,
i.e. in the order they were gathered.
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Configuring Date and Time
All configuration for date, time, time zone, and NTP time synchronization is done
in the Date and Time window.
The Date and Time Window
The Time Settings section shows the current date, time, and time zone settings.
The NTP Servers section shows the IP addresses for the remote NTP servers
that are defined.
The following procedures are provided:
•
“How to Manually Set the Date, Time, and Time Zone” on p. 278.
•
“Synchronizing NE time via NTP” on p. 280.
How to Manually Set the Date, Time, and Time
Zone
This procedure describes how to manually set the time, date, and time zone of
the NE.
PS
Note
When the NE is configured to operate as an NTP client (i.e. NTP
Mode is set to Client-Only or Relay), then the time will be synchronized
via NTP and it is not possible to set the time or date manually for this
NE. However, the time zone can always be changed.
Requirements
278
•
Before making changes to the date, time, time zone, or NTP configuration in
an already operating system, it is suggested that you retrieve your performance record history from the NE. Collect all performance records and
store them in a safe place before following this procedure. Use the FSP
3000R7 Element Manager or the Network Manager to collect performance
records.
•
You must be logged on with a user account which has ADMIN privileges.
User Manual
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Figure 19:
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration->Date and Time.
In response the Date and Time window appears.
Step 3
If the NTP Service Mode field is Client Only or Relay, do as follows:
a) Change the field to NTP Disabled.
One cannot set the date or time manually when time synchronization with a remote server using NTP is configured (the NTP service mode is Client Only or Relay).
b) Select OK to apply the change, or Cancel to cancel it.
Step 4
To change the NE time, select Modify from the Time Settings section.
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In response the Modify window appears.
Step 5
If relevant, enter the correct date in the Date field, using the syntax
yyyy-mm-dd, or click the
selection.
button to display a calendar for easy date
Step 6
If relevant, enter the correct time in the Time field, using the syntax
hh:mm:ss and 24 hour time.
Step 7
Select a time zone from the Time Zone drop-down list.
The time zone options are named after country names, city names, or
simply “GMT+<offset>”, where offset is the desired offset from GMT.
GMT+x represents a time zone west of Greenwich and GMT-x represents a time zone on the east side of Greenwich. Only some
time-zone options contain info about Daylight Saving Time. This is
indicated by the Daylight Savings Time field after applying the time
zone.
Step 8
Select OK to apply the new settings.
Step 9
Ensure that your time zone settings are correct.
If you entered a country or city, the resulting offset from GMT will be
displayed in the Time Zone Offset field. Whether the time zone contains information about daylight saving time or not will be indicated in
the Daylight Savings Time field. The Daylight Savings Time field does
however not indicate whether Daylight Saving Time is currently in
effect or not.
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Configuring Date and Time
Step 10
Select Close to close the Date and Time window.
End of Procedure
Synchronizing NE time via NTP
The Network Time Protocol (NTP) is a standard protocol for distributing accurate time around a computer network. It operates hierarchically, where each
level is termed a stratum and is assigned a number. The numbering starts with
zero at the top (i.e. the lowest stratum). The most accurate servers have the
lowest stratum numbers. Each system at a certain level obtains the time from its
peers at the same or some lower stratum. This means that time can be distributed without overloading one single reference. It is common practice in carrier
and enterprise networks to synchronize all the system clocks via NTP.
•
Client Only mode. The NE will operate as an NTP client and receive its timing information from some remote NTP server.
•
Relay mode. The NE will operate as an NTP client, receiving its timing information from some remote NTP server, and will simultaneously operate as
an NTP server, distributing time to other NTP clients. NEs operating as NTP
clients can therefore configure this NE as their remote NTP server. This
mode is typically used for a gateway NE, receiving time information from a
remote NTP server in the external network, and distributing it further to the
NEs in the internal network.
•
Server Only mode. The NE will operate as an NTP server, distributing time
to NTP clients. NEs operating as NTP clients can therefore configure this
NE as their remote NTP server. In this mode, the NE receives its time information from the local hardware clock. Date, time, and time zone must therefore be set manually for this NE.
Because the local hardware clock of the NE is not very precise, only use Server
Only mode if no other remote NTP servers (with a precise clock) are available,
or use it as a back-up in case such more precise remote NTP servers fail. When
used as a back-up, any other remote NTP server will be prioritized over an FSP
3000R7 NTP server, as the latter's stratum is set to the highest possible value.
PS
Note
280
If Server Only mode is used, maximally one NE in the network should
be set to server-only mode, and all other nodes in the network should
point to this node as their remote NTP server.
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The following modes of operation are supported:
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
When time synchronization via NTP is enabled, the NE listens on UDP port 123
(regardless of whether the NE is configured in Client Only, Server Only or Relay
mode). When NTP is not enabled, the NE does not listen on UDP port 123.
PS
UDP port 123 will appear “open” to port scanning applications when
use of NTP is enabled.
Note
The synchronization status for remote NTP servers is described in Table 9.
Table 9:
Status Message
Description
No Data
This means that no contact whatsoever has been
established with the remote peer. This will for example
appear if the IP address of a host without NTP server
capabilities was entered, or if the remote NTP server is
not reachable via the DCN.
This means that packets have been sent to the remote
peer, and the time-out to receive packets in response
has not been exceeded yet..
This means that the remote NTP server has been discarded as invalid by the sanity test algorithm (for
example because the remote NTP server is sending
packets with an invalid header or stratum).
This means that the remote NTP server has not been
retained by the Clock Select Algorithm as a
truechimer.
This means that the remote NTP server has been
retained by the Clock Cluster Algorithm and its clock
info is used by the Combine Algorithm to calculate
corrections to the local clock.
This means that the remote NTP server is selected as
the system peer (there can be only 1 system peer at
any given time). This means that in Relay mode the
local NTP server will inherit system statistics from this
remote NTP server to pass along to any dependent
NTP client. This system peer selection takes place
even if the local NE is operating in Client Only mode. It
may be normal for this system peer selection to
change over time, especially if multiple remote NTP
servers are of similar quality.
In Progress
Discarded
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Remote NTP Server Synchronization Status
False Ticker1
Candidate
System Peer
1. A truechimer is a clock that maintains timekeeping accuracy to a previously published (and trusted) standard, while a falseticker is a clock
that does not
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Configuring Date and Time
This section describes how to configure the use of NTP on an NE. The procedures apply to both first-time configuration and later changes. The following sections are provided:
“How to Configure an NE for Client-Only or Relay Mode” on p. 282
“How to Configure an NE for Server-Only Mode” on p. 286
“How to Check NE to Remote NTP Server Connectivity” on p. 288
“How to Disable Time Synchronization with NTP” on p. 289
How to Configure an NE for Client-Only or Relay
Mode
This instruction describes the following aspects of NTP configuration:
•
How to configure an NE to operate in Client-only mode or in Relay mode.
This involves ensuring that at least one remote NTP server that is reachable
for the NE is configured correctly and enabled.
•
How to check that the NE can reach the configured remote NTP server(s)
•
How to check the status of synchronization with a remote NTP server.
282
•
Before making changes to the date, time, time zone, or NTP configuration in
an already operating system, it is suggested that you retrieve your performance record history from the NE. Collect all performance records and
store them in a safe place before following this procedure. Use the FSP
3000R7 Element Manager or the Network Manager to collect performance
records.
•
You must know the IP addresses of the remote NTP servers that shall be
used. For an NE operating as an NTP client, another NE which is operating
as an NTP server can be configured as (one of the) remote NTP servers.
•
You must be logged on with a user account which has ADMIN privileges.
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Requirements
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration->Date and Time.
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In response the Date and Time window appears.
Step 3
PS
Note
Check in the NTP Servers list whether the correct NTP servers have
already been configured. Up to three remote NTP servers can be configured.
The NTP protocol contains multiple mechanisms for an NTP client to
automatically determine which NTP servers provide the best quality
time information. Overruling this automatic prioritization is not
supported on the Element Manager. Neither does the order in the list
of configured remote NTP servers imply any such priority.
For each listed remote NTP server the following information is displayed:
Field Name
Description
IP Address
This column lists the IP addresses of the configured remote NTP servers.
This column shows which IP address the NE uses
in the source field of the IP header when communicating with the remote NTP server.
This column shows whether the remote NTP
server is enabled (Admin State = IS) or not.
This column shows the status of the last synchronization with the remote NTP server. The options
are shown in Table 9.
Own IP
Admin State
Synchronization State
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Configuring Date and Time
Step 4
If the required remote NTP servers are in the list, go to Step 8.
If the required remote NTP server has not been configured, or has
been configured but not enabled, take appropriate action.
To:
Then:
add a new remote NTP server
delete an existing remote NTP server
enable an existing remote NTP server
Go to Step 5
Go to Step 6
Go to Step 7
Step 5
If relevant, add another remote NTP server by selecting Add.
It is not possible to add another remote NTP server if three servers
already have been configured. You must then delete a remote NTP
server from the list first (see Step 6).
a) Enter the IP address for the remote NTP server in the IP Address
field.
b) When the NE communicates with the NTP server, it identifies
itself with its IP address. In a bi-directional IP communication the
two IP hosts involved need to be able to reach each other.
Because both IP hosts identify each other by the IP addresses in
the IP header of the IP packets, a successful IP communication
relies on the availability of routes for these IP addresses in all the
routers along the path between the IP hosts.
Some network operators may configure their network in such a
way that only the IP range in which the System IP addresses
reside will be routed through their network. In this case it must be
made sure that the NE uses the System IP to identify itself as the
source in the IP header of packets it is sending.
If the network operator has configured his network to route the IP
range in which the IP addresses of the physical IP interfaces
reside, the default IP address as chosen by the IP stack can be
used.
Use the Own IP drop-down list to specify the IP address to use in
the IP header as follows:
• Select Default-IP if the IP address that the IP stack would
choose by default should be used (this is the IP address of
the interface through which the packet is sent)
• Select System IP if the system IP address should be used
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Enter the following settings for the new remote NTP server:
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
c) The new remote NTP server is enabled for use by default. This
can be seen by the entry In Service in the Admin State field.
The remote NTP server will not be used for synchronization
unless it is In Service.
d) Select OK to apply your entries, or Cancel to cancel them.
In response to OK, the new remote NTP server will be displayed
in the NTP servers list in the Date and Time window.
e) Check that the NE can reach this remote NTP server, see “How to
Check NE to Remote NTP Server Connectivity” on p. 288.
f)
Step 6
Go to Step 8.
If relevant, delete an already configured remote NTP server. Do as
follows:
a) Select the remote NTP server in the NTP Servers list in the Date
andTime window.
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b) Disable the remote NTP server by setting the administrative state
to Disabled. This setting is available when you select the Modify
button in the NTP Servers list.
c) Delete the remote NTP server with the Delete button in the Date
and Time window.
You will be requested to confirm the deletion.
d) Check that the deleted remote NTP server no longer is displayed
in the NTP servers list in the Date and Time window.
e) Go to Step 4.
Step 7
If relevant, enable an already configured remote NTP server. Do as
follows:
a) Select the remote NTP server in the NTP list in the Date and Time
window.
b) Enable the remote NTP server by setting the Admin State to In
Service. This setting is available when you select the Modify button in the NTP Servers list.
c) Select Check NTP Server(s) to check that the NE can reach this
remote NTP server (see also “How to Check NE to Remote NTP
Server Connectivity” on p. 288).
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Configuring Date and Time
Step 8
If the NTP Service Mode field is not already set to Client Only or Relay,
do as follows:
a) Select Modify from the Time Settings section.
In response the Modify window appears.
b) Change the NTP Service Mode field to Client Only or Relay.
c) Select OK to apply the change.
Step 9
Look in the NTP Servers list and ensure that the NTP synchronization
status is satisfactory (this may take a while).
Step 10
Set the time zone for this NE as described in “How to Manually Set
the Date, Time, and Time Zone” on p. 278.
Step 11
Close the Date and Time window.
End of Procedure
How to Configure an NE for Server-Only Mode
Requirements
286
•
Before making changes to the date, time, time zone, or NTP configuration in
an already operating system, it is suggested that you retrieve your performance record history from the NE. Collect all performance records and
store them in a safe place before following this procedure. Use the FSP
3000R7 Element Manager or the Network Manager to collect performance
records.
•
You must be logged on with a user account which has ADMIN privileges.
User Manual
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This instruction describes how to configure an NE to operate in Server-only
mode. In this mode the NE receives its time information from the local hardware
clock. Date, time, and time zone must therefore be set manually for this NE.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration->Date and Time.
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In response the Date and Time window appears.
Step 3
Set the NTP Service Mode field to NTP Disabled, do as follows:
a) Select Modify from the Time Settings section.
In response the Modify window appears.
b) Change the NTP Service Mode field to NTP Disabled.
c) Select OK to apply the change,or Cancel to cancel it.
Step 4
User Manual
Set the date, time, and time zone for this NE manually as described in
“How to Manually Set the Date, Time, and Time Zone” on p. 278.
287
Configuring Date and Time
Step 5
Set the NTP Service Mode field to NTP Disabled, do as follows:
a) Select Modify from the Time Settings section.
In response the Modify window appears.
b) Change the NTP Service Mode field to Server Only.
c) Select OK to apply the change,or Cancel to cancel it.
Step 6
Close the Date and Time window.
End of Procedure
This instruction describes how to check that the NE can reach the remote NTP
servers that have been configured. It also describes how to find information
about the synchronization status for each configure remote NTP server.
Requirements
•
You must be logged on with a user account which has ADMIN privileges.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration->Date and Time.
In response the Date and Time window appears.
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How to Check NE to Remote NTP Server
Connectivity
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 3
In the NTP Servers list, select the remote NTP servers that you want
to check whether the NE can reach.
You can select a single server or mulitple servers.
Step 4
Select Check NTP Server(s).
In response the check begins.
Step 5
Step 6
The status of the ongoing checking process as well as the result of it
is displayed in the Last Check Status column of the NTP Servers list.
Read the result of the check in the Last Check Status column of the
NTP Servers list.
This column shows the status of the last check of NE to remote NTP
server connectivity. The possible values are: In Progress, Success,
Failure, and Idle. Idle indicates that no check has been done since the
last reboot of the NE.
Step 7
Close the Date and Time window.
End of Procedure
How to Disable Time Synchronization with NTP
This instruction describes how to disable time synchronization with NTP.
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Features such as scheduled equalization of ROADMs can not take place unless
NTP synchronization is configured and enabled for the NE.
Requirements
User Manual
•
Before making changes to the date, time, time zone, or NTP configuration in
an already operating system, it is suggested that you retrieve your performance record history from the NE. Collect all performance records and
store them in a safe place before following this procedure. Use the FSP
3000R7 Element Manager or the Network Manager to collect performance
records.
•
You must be logged on with a user account which has ADMIN privileges.
289
Configuring Remote Syslog Servers
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration->Date and Time.
Step 3
Select Modify from the Time Settings section.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 4
Change the NTP Service Mode field to NTP Disabled.
Step 5
Select OK to apply the change, or Cancel to cancel it.
Step 6
If relevant, adjust the current date, time, and time zone as described
in “How to Manually Set the Date, Time, and Time Zone” on p. 278.
Step 7
Close the Date and Time window.
End of Procedure
Configuring Remote Syslog Servers
Syslog is a protocol that allows one system to send event notification messages
to another system that stores them. The system that stores them is known as a
syslog server, or daemon.
The following characterizes the support of syslog in the FSP3000R7:
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In response the Date and Time window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
•
Syslog messages are transported in UDP (User Datagram Protocol) segments encapsulated in IP (Internet Protocol) packets, and are received on
UDP port 514 of the server. Syslog over TLS is not supported.
•
Up to three remote syslog servers (to which the NE will send syslog messages) can be configured.
•
All events listed in the Event Log will also be sent to remote syslog servers,
if any are configured, with the exception of events with severity Not
Reported. Optionally database change messages may be excepted as well,
this is configurable per syslog server.
It is possible to add, delete, enable and disable remote syslog servers. It is also
possible to enable or disable sending of database change messages to a
remote syslog server. It is not possible to modify the IP address of a configured
syslog server. Instead the syslog destination must be deleted and a new one
added.
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The syslog protocol features are located in Syslog tab of the NE information window.
This table provides the following information:
Field Name
Description
IP Address
This column lists the IP addresses of the remote
syslog server.
This column shows whether sending of syslog
messages to the remote syslog server is enabled
or not
This column shows whether database change
messages will be sent to the remote syslog server
or not.
Syslog
DB Change events
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Configuring Remote Syslog Servers
You must be logged in with an user account with ADMIN privilege rights (see
“Handling Network Element User Accounts” on p. 214) to configure remote syslog servers.
The following sections are provided:
“How to Add a Remote Syslog Server” on p. 292
“How to Edit a Remote Syslog Server” on p. 293
“How to Delete a Remote Syslog Server” on p. 294
How to Add a Remote Syslog Server
This procedure describes how to add a new syslog destination.
PS
A maximum of 3 remote syslog servers may be configured.
Note
Step 1
Select the relevant NE from the Entities pane hierarchical list.
Step 2
In the Parameter pane, select the Syslog tab.
In response, the table of configured remote syslog servers is displayed.
Step 3
Select Add.
In response, the Add Syslog entry window appears.
Step 4
Enter the IP address of the remote syslog server into the IP Address
field.
Ensure that you entered the correct IP address. You cannot modify
the IP address after you have applied your entries.
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Procedure
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 5
When you add a new remote syslog destination, sending of syslog
messages to it is enabled by default. This is indicated by the entry
Enable in the Syslog field.
Step 6
Enable or disable whether logged database changes should also be
sent to the remote syslog server by using the DB Change events
drop-down list. Select Enable to send these messages.
Step 7
Select OK to save settings or Cancel to discard these changes.
The new remote syslog server is displayed in the list.
End of Procedure
How to Edit a Remote Syslog Server
It is only possible to edit the IP address of a remote syslog server by deleting the
entry and creating a new one. This procedure describes how to enable or disable a remote syslog server and how to enable or disable sending of database
change messages to a remote syslog server.
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Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE from the Entities pane hierarchical list.
Step 2
In the Parameter pane, select the Syslog tab.
In response, the table of configured remote syslog servers is displayed.
Step 3
Select the relevant remote syslog server to edit.
Step 4
Select Modify.
In response, the Modify Syslog entry window appears.
Step 5
User Manual
Enable or disable this remote syslog server by using the Syslog
drop-down list.
293
Configuring Remote Syslog Servers
Step 6
Enable or disable whether logged database changes should also be
sent to the remote syslog server by using the DB Change events
drop-down list. Select Enable to send these messages.
Step 7
Select OK to save any changes or Cancel to discard them.
Step 8
If the syslog table does not immediately display your changes, select
Refresh to update it.
End of Procedure
How to Delete a Remote Syslog Server
This procedure describes how to delete an existing remote syslog server from
the Syslog Destination IP Table.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE from the Entities pane hierarchical list.
Step 2
In the Parameter pane, select the Syslog tab.
Step 3
Select the relevant remote syslog server to delete.
Step 4
Select Delete.
In response, a warning window appears.
Step 5
Step 6
Select OK to confirm the deletion, or Cancel to stop it.
If the syslog table does not immediately display your changes, select
Refresh to update it.
End of Procedure
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In response, the table of configured syslog server is displayed.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
How To Configure Scheduled Equalization
The 8ROADM-C40/0/OPM, 8ROADM-C80/0/OPM, and ROADM-C80/0/OPM
modules support scheduled equalization. Scheduled equalization is intended to
correct slow, time-varying optical power changes in wavelengths that result from
a number of conditions.
Scheduled equalization attempts to keep channel power at the set point. The
scheduled equalization process performs adjustments, as required, along the
channel path, from the network input to the network output. Scheduled equalization ensures that the equalization is performed consistently, at the same
moment in time, for all nodes in the network.
Scheduled equalization adjusts channel optical power towards the set point
when the power level is greater than or equal to the tolerance limit (0.3 dB) and
less than or equal to the scheduled equalization limit (3.0 dB) from the set point,
when hardware allows. Adjustments occur incrementally, in 0.3 dB steps, during
each scheduled equalization interval. Multiple scheduled equalization intervals
may be required to compensate for larger channel power changes.
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Scheduled equalization is specified on a network basis, thus all NEs in the network must be scheduled for equalization at the same time, date, and interval.
Scheduled equalization must be completed within 41 minutes. The designated
scheduled equalization start time is based on coordinated universal time (UTC).
Once a UTC time value is entered, the system displays the local NE time automatically.
The date and time you define in the schedule are in the NE’s time
zone, which can be different from the Element Manager’s time zone.
PS
Note
If all nodes in the network are not in the same time zone, you must
take this into consideration to schedule equalization at the same date
and time.
Requirements
Observe these rules when setting the parameters for a scheduled equalization:
User Manual
•
Network Time Protocol (NTP) must be enabled in server, client, or relay
modes on all ROADM nodes in the network. At maximum, one node should
be set to server-only mode, and all other nodes should point to this node as
their remote NTP server. Alternatively, all nodes should use one or more
third-party NTP servers as their common server. If NTP is not enabled on a
ROADM node, the scheduled equalization process stops, and an alarm
condition is raised. For more information about enabling NTP on a node,
see “Synchronizing NE time via NTP” on p. 280.
•
If the NE is operating as an NTP client or relay, that NE must be synchronized with at least one remote NTP server. If it is not, the scheduled equalization process stops, and an alarm condition is raised. As soon as NTP
synchronization is achieved, scheduled equalization restarts, and the alarm
clears. For more information about operating NTP on a node in client or
relay mode, see “How to Add a Remote Syslog Server” on p. 292.
•
Scheduled equalization start time and interval must be the same for all
nodes in the network. All scheduled equalizations are based on UTC.
295
How To Configure Scheduled Equalization
Follow this instruction to setup and activate scheduled equalization on an NE
with a ROADM module.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
Select the Equalization tab in the Parameters pane.
Step 3
Select Modify.
Step 4
Enable use of scheduled equalization by setting the Schedule EQLZ
Admin drop-down list to Enabled.
Setting the Schedule EQLZ Admin field to Disabled disables scheduled equalization for the whole network element and consequently
also disables scheduled equalization for virtual channels that have
Schedule EQLZ Admin set to Enabled.
This setting does not take effect until you later apply the settings.
Step 5
Specify the interval between each scheduled equalization, using the
Schedule EQLZ Interval drop-down list. This setting must be equal for
all network elements in the network. The options are:
• 5-MIN: Every 5 minutes (Not recommended.)
• 2-HR: Every 2 hours
• 4-HR: Every 4 hours
• 12-HR: Every 12 hours
• 1-DAY: Every 24 hours
• 7-DAY: Every week
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In response the Modify window will appear.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 6
Enter the start date for initiating equalization, using the EQLZ Start
Date drop-down list. All NEs in the network must be scheduled to
equalize at the same time.
The date you enter must not be according to local time, but must be
according to universal coordinated time (UTC). Use the format year,
month and day (YY-MM-DD).
By default, equalization is scheduled on all nodes to begin on the date
of 08-01-01, at the time of 03-00-00.
Step 7
Enter the start time for the initiating equalization into the EQLZ Start
Time field using the format hh:mm:ss. All NEs in the network must be
scheduled to equalize at the same time.
The time must be according to universal coordinated time (UTC). Use
the format hours, minutes and seconds (HH:MM:SS).
Step 8
Select OK to apply your settings, or Cancel to discard them.
End of Procedure
Configuring Span Equalization
PS
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Span equalization automates the gain provisioning of variable gain pre-amplifiers, boosters, and line-amplifiers between network elements, on a span basis.
Span equalization and ROADM channel power equalization automatically perform overall network equalization and simplify the management of complex optical networks.
Automatic span equalization applies only to C-band amplifiers.
Note
In general terms, a span begins at the output of a booster amplifier at a node
and ends at the output of the pre-amplifier or line-amplifier of the adjacent downstream node.
Span equalization itself has three primary functions:
•
Setting the gain of qualified EDFA amplifier modules automatically during
initial network commissioning
•
Adjusting the gain of qualified EDFA amplifier modules automatically when
a fiber is cut and re-spliced
•
Adjusting the gain of a replacement qualified EDFA amplifier module automatically
In addition to the three primary functions, dynamic span equalization adds the
ability to constantly monitor the span loss in an operational network and dynamically compensate for span loss drift, by adjusting the gains of the appropriate
amplifiers.
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Configuring Span Equalization
Span Equalization Requirements
Span equalization requires these conditions to operate in a network:
•
An optical supervisory channel (OSC) must be enabled on each span
between every node.
•
All cable connections to the EDFA modules must be represented in each
node database by valid PTP connections (fibermap representations) in the
PTP & Physical Connections Table. For more information about entering
cable connections into the database, see “Managing Cables in the Internal
Database” on p. 353.
•
An EDFA module booster amplifier must be associated with every transmit
network interface.
•
Span equalization does not set the gain of Raman amplifiers in a node. After
a Raman amplifier has been installed and successfully provisioned, span
equalization provisions the gain setting of qualified EDFA amplifier modules, accounting for the Raman amplifier gain.
•
In network spans containing Raman amplifier modules, the attenuation
between the booster amplifier and the Raman amplifier could be altered
when a fiber between a booster amplifier module and a Raman amplifier is
replaced, or the booster amplifier module is replaced. In the event of such
an attenuation change, perform an explicit equalization request to adjust the
gain on the far-end pre-amplifier module at the end of the span. For instructions on how to perform an explicit equalization request, refer to the
FSP 3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
•
Span equalization does not operate on nodes that contain more than one
pre-amplifier on a span.
•
Span equalization does not support networks with VSM or RSM modules
protecting the network interfaces.
Configuration Procedures
This section describes how to turn-up span equalization for two example linear
networks. In addition the section contains supporting procedures for the central
sub-tasks required during this turn-up.
PS
Note
The procedures in this section support the use of the Element
Manager to provision span equalization. These procedures are
designed to complement the procedures described in the
FSP 3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
For a more detailed description of span equalization operational
principles, functionality, and limitations, please refer to the
FSP 3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
The following sections are provided:
298
•
“How to Provision Span Equalization in a New Network” on p. 299
•
“How to Provision Span Equalization in an Existing Network” on p. 301
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Span Equalization Limitations
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
•
“How to Initiate Equalization” on p. 303
•
“How to View the List of Qualified EDFAs” on p. 305
•
“How to View Span Equalization Status, Alarms, and Configuration” on
p. 306
•
“How to Configure Span Equalization Options” on p. 308
•
“How to Change Qualified EDFA Set Point and PPC” on p. 309
•
“How to Change Qualified EDFA Gain” on p. 311
•
“How to Change Qualified EDFA Administrative State” on p. 314
•
“How to Enable/Disable Dynamic Equalization” on p. 315
How to Provision Span Equalization in a New
Network
The first example demonstrates a greenfield, four-node linear network.
Figure 20:
Span Equalization Linear Network Example: New Network
Terminal
Node 1
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1. ROADM
2. FOADM
Through
Node 2
SetPoint
PPC
C1
D1
A2
Pre-amp
Booster
X
P
D
R
Link 1-2
PPC /OPT
Line amp
Node 3
PPC
SetPoint
PPC
B2
C2
D2
1. ROADM
2. FOADM
Terminal
Node 4
PPC
A3
Booster
PPC
B3
A4
Line-amp
Link 2-3
PPC/OPT
B4
Pre-amp
Link 3-4
1. ROADM
2. FOADM
X
P
D
R
PPC/OPT
This example assumes these conditions:
•
The network is a new, or greenfield, equipment installation in which all
cables are properly connected.
•
All physical cable connections are represented in the database by valid PTP
(fibermap) connections in the Physical Terminations window and in the Physical Connections List.
•
All EDFA amplifier modules are out of service without power applied.
•
An optical supervisory channel (OSC) service is active between nodes.
•
All FOADM or ROADM connections for service between Node 1 and Node 4
have been manually and correctly entered, but with no services established
other than the OSC.
For this example, the goal is to establish a service from Node 1 to Node 4. For
more information about how to provision amplifier gain settings, refer to the
FSP 3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
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Configuring Span Equalization
Procedure
Step 1
For each node in Figure 20, trigger the EDFA module qualification
process. Do as follows:
a) Configure span equalization to Qualify Only as described in “How
to Configure Span Equalization Options” on p. 308.
Step 2
For each node in Figure 20, enable the gain calculation process by
configuring span equalization to mode Enable Calculate Gain as
described in “How to Configure Span Equalization Options” on p. 308.
Step 3
If your network plan requires other settings than the default settings
on the EDFAs for set point, output power per channel, and GainCal
offset value gain settings, then change these as relevant for Nodes 1
through 4. See “How to Change Qualified EDFA Set Point and PPC”
on p. 309 or “How to Change Qualified EDFA Gain” on p. 311 for
guidance.
PS
Note
After a qualified EDFA module is placed in service, no further
changes to the set point and PPC values are allowed. The gain can
be changed while the EDFA module is in service, however a change
to the GainCal offset parameter could disrupt the service. Changes to
the gain should therefore be performed at this point, if required.
Step 4
On Node 1, set the administrative state of the network port of the
channel module (marked XPDR in Figure 20) to In Service. See “How
to Change the Administrative State” on p. 260 for guidance.
Step 5
On Node 1, set the administrative state of the qualified booster EDFA
optical transmit port to In Service. See “How to Change Qualified
EDFA Administrative State” on p. 314 for guidance.
In response automatic span equalization sets the gain of the Node 1
booster amplifier and begins transmitting valid output power per channel (PPC) and optical power transmitted (OPT) values to Node 2
through the OSC.
Step 6
On Node 2, set the administrative state of the qualified pre-amplifier
EDFA optical transmit port to In Service. See “How to Change Qualified EDFA Administrative State” on p. 314 for guidance.
In response the optical power received (OPR) value at the Node 2
pre-amplifier is retrieved, and automatic span equalization calculates
the gain setting for the Node 2 pre-amplifier based on validated PPC
and OPT messages and OPR measurements. The gain is now set.
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b) Check that the expected EDFA modules have been qualified, as
described in “How to View the List of Qualified EDFAs” on p. 305.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 7
On Node 2, set the administrative state of the qualified booster EDFA
optical transmit port to In Service. See “How to Change Qualified
EDFA Administrative State” on p. 314 for guidance.
In response automatic span equalization sets the gain of the Node 2
booster amplifier module, and the booster amplifier begins to send
valid PPC and OPT values to the Node 3 line-amplifier module
through the OSC.
Step 8
On Node 3, set the administrative state of the qualified line-amplifier
EDFA optical transmit port to In Service. See “How to Change Qualified EDFA Administrative State” on p. 314 for guidance.
In response, OPR values at the Node 3 line-amplifier module are
retrieved, and automatic span equalization calculates the Node 3
line-amplifier module gain value based on validated PPC and OPT
messages and OPR measurements. The Node 3 line-amplifier module gain is now set, and the module begins to send valid PPC and
OPT messages to Node 4 through the OSC.
Step 9
On Node 4, set the administrative state of the qualified pre-amplifier
EDFA optical transmit port to In Service. See “How to Change Qualified EDFA Administrative State” on p. 314 for guidance.
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In response, OPR values at the Node 4 pre-amplifier module are
retrieved, and automatic span equalization calculates the gain setting
for the Node 4 pre-amplifier module based on validated PPC and
OPT messages and OPR measurements. The Node 4 pre-amplifier
module gain is now set, and light is received by the Node 4 transponder input.
Step 10
Place all qualified EDFA amplifier modules in the network in service.
End of Procedure
How to Provision Span Equalization in an Existing
Network
The second example demonstrates an existing, or brownfield, four-node linear
network.
NOTICE
User Manual
Performing this procedure could cause service
interruptions in your network. This procedure should only
be performed during a maintenance window.
301
Configuring Span Equalization
Figure 21:
Span Equalization Linear Network Example: Existing Network
Terminal
Node 1
1. ROADM
2. FOADM
Through
Node 2
SetPoint
PPC
C1
D1
A2
Pre-amp
Booster
X
P
D
R
Link 1-2
Line amp
Node 3
PPC
SetPoint
PPC
B2
C2
D2
1. ROADM
2. FOADM
PPC
A3
Booster
PPC
B3
A4
Line-amp
Link 2-3
PPC /OPT
Terminal
Node 4
PPC/OPT
B4
Pre-amp
Link 3-4
1. ROADM
2. FOADM
X
P
D
R
PPC/OPT
•
The network is an existing, or brownfield, equipment installation in which all
cables are properly connected.
•
All physical cable connections are represented in the database by valid PTP
(fibermap) connections in the Physical Terminations window and in the Physical Connections List.
•
All qualified EDFA amplifier modules are in service and not in LOS condition.
•
An optical supervisory channel (OSC) service is active between nodes.
•
All ROADM virtual channels (VCHs) are established.
For this example, the goal is to enable span equalization for all nodes in the
existing network.
PS
Note
An EDFA amplifier module can be in service but not be in an LOS
condition due to excessive amplified spontaneous emission (ASE)
noise at the network input with node channels present.
Before selecting the Enable Adopt Gain option, take precautions to
ensure that all in service amplifier module gain settings have been set
properly.
Procedure
Step 1
For each node in Figure 21, trigger the EDFA amplifier module qualification process. Do as follows:
a) Configure span equalization to Qualify Only as described in “How
to Configure Span Equalization Options” on p. 308.
b) Check that the expected EDFA modules have been qualified, as
described in “How to View the List of Qualified EDFAs” on p. 305.
Step 2
302
For each node in Figure 21 enable span equalization as follows:
• For a FOADM or line-amplifier node, do as described in Step 3
• For a ROADM node, do as described in Step 4
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This example assumes these conditions:
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 3
Enter manually the set point and PPC values for the FOADM node as
follows:
a) For each qualified booster-amplifier EDFA on the node, connect
an optical spectrum analyzer (OSA) to the output tap ports to
determine the average channel power levels.
For more information about using OSAs to measure optical power
levels, refer to the “Measuring and Leveling of the Network Line”
section of the FSP 3000R7 Installation and Commissioning Man-
ual.
b) For each qualified booster-amplifier EDFA on the node enter the
measured average channel power level into the Power per channel field as described in “How to Change Qualified EDFA Set
Point and PPC” on p. 309.
The NCU software computes the set point value for each booster
amplifier module.
c) For each qualified pre-amplifier and line-amplifier EDFA on the
node, connect an OSA to the output tap ports to determine the
average channel power levels.
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d) For each qualified pre-amplifier and line-amplifier EDFA on the
node, enter the measured average channel power level into the
Power per channel field as described in “How to Change Qualified
EDFA Set Point and PPC” on p. 309.
e) Adopt existing gain settings for the qualified EDFAs by configuring span equalization to Enable Adopt Gain as described in “How
to Configure Span Equalization Options” on p. 308.
For more information about NCU software actions when using
Enable Adopt Gain mode on a FOADM or line-amplifier node,
refer to the FSP 3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
Step 4
Adopt existing gain settings for the qualified EDFAs by configuring
span equalization to Enable Adopt Gain as described in “How to Configure Span Equalization Options” on p. 308.
For more information about NCU software actions when using Enable
Adopt Gain mode on a ROADM node, refer to the FSP 3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
End of Procedure
How to Initiate Equalization
For ROADM devices, the user can initiate equalization. A user-initiated equalization is never denied, as long as the requested ROADM device is equipped.
However, the equalization operation only has a physical effect on the wavelengths (channels) that are currently supporting cross-connections, with the
cross-connection Admin State set to In Service.
There are several requirements before initiating equalization. This procedure
only describes how to use the Element Manager to start the actual initiation.
User Manual
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Configuring Span Equalization
For the full procedure, including requirements and restrictions, see the FSP
3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
PS
Note
An individual wavelength power equalization request on a
8ROADM-C40/0/OPM or 8ROADM-C80/0/OPM module results in
global power level equalization for all virtual channels on the module
network port.
Step 1
Identify the channel module that is cross-connected to the ROADM
device as described in “How to View ADM and ROADM Cross Connections” on p. 166.
• To equalize the ROADM shelf (ROADM-C40/40/OPM-3HU/2DC),
view cross-connections for the SHELF X EROADM-DC.
• To equalize ROADM modules (8ROADM-C40/0/OPM or
ROADM-C80/0/OPM), view cross-connections for the the
MOD-x-y [8]ROADM-C[40/80].
Step 2
Select this channel module that is cross-connected to the relevant
ROADM device in the Entities pane.
Step 3
Ensure that light is present during equalization. Turning off ALS or
setting the laser to “Forced on” ensures that light is present during
equalization. Do as follows:
• If the channel module supports turning off ALS, turn off ALS as
described in “How to Set the Automatic Laser Shutdown Mode”
on p. 358.
• If the channel module supports forcing the laser on, force the
laser on as described in “How to Force a Laser On” on p. 360.
Step 4
Select the relevant ROADM entity in the Entities pane.
• For a global wavelength equalization, select an OM entity. For
example, the OM-19-N OM entity for the
ROADM-C40/40/OPM-3HU/2DC shelf, or the OM-1-6-N OM
entity for the 8ROADM-C40/0/OPM or ROADM-C80/0/OPM module.
• For an individual wavelength equalization: select a VCH entity.
For example, the VCH-19-N3 OCH entity for the
ROADM-C40/40/OPM-3HU/2DC shelf, or the VCH-1-6-N3 OCH
entity for the 8ROADM-C40/0/OPM or ROADM-C80/0/OPM module.
Step 5
Select the Operation tab.
Step 6
Select Modify.
In response, the Modify window appears.
Step 7
Select Operate from the Initiate Equalization drop-down list.
Step 8
Select OK to apply your change, or Cancel to reject it.
In response, equalization is initialized.
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Procedure
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 9
If the network contains a ROADM-C40/40/2-3HU-2DC shelf: you may
turn the ALS back on or remove the Forced On setting for the channel
module lasers after the equalization is complete.
End of Procedure
How to View the List of Qualified EDFAs
This section describes how to view the list of EDFA modules that have been
qualified for span equalization at a NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Right-click the NE in the Managed Elements pane, and select Span
Equalization from the context-sensitive menu that appears.
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In response the Span Equalization window appears.
The following information is displayed for each qualified EDFA:
Column Name
Description
AID
OL-AID
Displays the AID of the qualified EDFA.
Displays the AID of the optical line entity which is
associated with the qualified EDFA.
Displays the EDFA equipment type.
Displays whether the qualified EDFA has been
configured as Pre-Amp, Booster-Amp, or
Line-Amp.
Displays the input per-channel optical power to a
booster amplifier.
Equipment
Qualified
Setpoint
Step 2
User Manual
The number of qualified EDFA modules is displayed under the lower,
right corner of the list. If the list of qualified EDFAmodules is long, you
can use the yellow arrows to browse the list.
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Configuring Span Equalization
Step 3
Select Close to close the Span Equalization window.
End of Procedure
How to View Span Equalization Status, Alarms,
and Configuration
When an EDFA module has been qualified for span equalization, the span
equalization related properties for the EDFA module are displayed in the Span
Equalization window, not in the Parameter pane like the rest of the EDFA module
related information.
•
The State tab shows the administrative state and the operational state for
the selected qualified EDFA.
•
The Fault tab only shows faults related to span equalization on the selected
qualified EDFA.
•
The Config tab shows the following information
o
o
o
o
o
306
Whether the qualified was found to be configured as a pre-amplifier,
booster-amplifier, or line-amplifier.
The current setting for the gain calibration offset for the qualified EDFA.
The current setting for the optical set point for the qualified EDFA.
The current setting for the output power per channel for the qualified
EDFA.
The current calculated gain for the qualified EDFA.
•
The Operation tab shows whether manually triggered gain calibration is
ongoing or not.
•
The Info tab shows measurements for both the near-end qualified EDFA
power (this EDFA) and far-end qualified EDFA power, as well as far-end
qualified EDFA settings.
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The span equalization related information is presented in the Parameters section
of the Span Equalization window, and looks similar to the Parameter pane content. Standard tabs are provided for each information type.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
This instruction describes how to view all parameters which are related to span
equalization for a qualified EDFA module.
Procedure
Step 1
Right-click the NE in the Managed Elements pane, and select Span
Equalization from the context-sensitive menu that appears.
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In response the Span Equalization window appears.
Step 2
Select the qualified EDFA in the list.
Step 3
Expand the Parameters section by clicking the + symbol.
In response the Span Equalization window content is updated.
Step 4
User Manual
Select the relevant tab in the Parameters section in order to view the
span equalization parameters for this qualified amplifier.
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Configuring Span Equalization
Step 5
Select Close to close the Span Equalization window.
End of Procedure
How to Configure Span Equalization Options
Enabling of span equalization options should only be done in conjunction with
following the Provisioning and Operations Manual procedure to turn up span
equalization for a network.
These are the span equalization operational mode provisioning options and
which effect they have:
•
Disabled: Gain settings must be provisioned manually for all EDFA amplifier
modules in the network.
PS
When in Disabled mode, all qualified EDFA amplifier module PPC
and set point values are reset to default values.
Note
Qualify Only: The NCU software queries the node database PTP and Physi-
cal Connections list to determine which EDFA amplifier modules qualify for
span equalization adoption. The NCU software makes no changes to the
gain settings for these amplifier modules when operating in Qualify Only
mode. The query action of the Qualify Only option is the first step towards
enabling automatic span equalization, for either Enable Calculate Gain or
Enable Gain Adopt modes.
•
Enable Calculate Gain: By using a combination of parameters described in
detail in the FSP 3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual, span equalization automatically calculates and sets the initial gain values for all qualified EDFA amplifier modules at a node after an LOS condition clears. While
operating in this mode, span equalization only re-calculates the gain of an
EDFA pre-amplifier or line-amplifier module when an LOS transition is
detected and has cleared, or upon an explicit request. Enable Calculate
Gain is utilized primarily in new, or greenfield, networks.
•
Enable Gain Adopt: Span equalization adopts the current gain settings for all
qualified EDFA amplifier modules at a node, calculates the values of the
control parameters based on the gain settings of the qualified amplifier modules, and stores those values persistently in the NCU database. While operating in Enable Gain Adopt mode, span equalization only recalculates the
gain of an EDFA pre-amplifier or line-amplifier module when an LOS transition is detected and has cleared, or upon an explicit request. Enable Gain
Adopt mode is used primarily in existing, or brownfield, networks.
This instruction describes how to use the Element Manager to enable span
equalization options for an EDFA module.
Requirements
See “Span Equalization Requirements” on p. 298
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•
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Procedure
Step 1
Right-click each node in the Managed Elements pane, and select
Span Equalization from the context-sensitive menu that appears.
In response the Span Equalization window appears.
Step 2
Select Modify.
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In response the Modify window appears.
Step 3
Select one of the following options from the SPEQ Configuration field:
• To trigger the process of qualifying EDFAs for span equalization
in this node, select Qualify Only,
• To trigger the automatic span equalization without adopting current gain values, select Enable Calculate Gain,
• To trigger the automatic span equalization and adopt current gain
values, select Enable Adopt Gain,
• To disable automatic span equalization, select Disable,
Step 4
Select OK to apply your change, or Cancel to reject it.
Step 5
Select Close to close the Span Equalization window.
End of Procedure
How to Change Qualified EDFA Set Point and PPC
This instruction describes how to change the set point or the output power per
channel (PPC) for a qualified EDFA. The set point parameter is only relevant for
booster-amplifier EDFAs.
Changing the set point and PPC for a qualified EDFA should only be done in
conjunction with following the Provisioning and Operations Manual procedure to
turn-up span equalization for a network. The turn-up procedure takes into
account restrictions as to when such a change is allowed, as well as gives guidance on selecting values.
Requirements
The qualified EDFA must have administrative state Maintenance.
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Configuring Span Equalization
Procedure
Step 1
Right-click the NE in the Managed Elements pane, and select Span
Equalization from the context-sensitive menu that appears.
Step 2
Select the qualified EDFA to change set point or PPC for.
Step 3
Expand the Parameters section by clicking the + symbol.
In response the Span Equalization window content is updated.
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In response the Span Equalization window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 4
Select the Config tab in the Parameters section.
In response the Span Equalization window content is updated.
Step 5
In the Config tab, select Modify.
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In response the Modify window appears.
Step 6
If relevant, enter the new value for the optical set point in the Optical
Setpoint field.
Step 7
If relevant, enter the new value for the power per channel in the Power
per channel field.
Step 8
Select OK to apply your change, or Cancel to reject it.
Step 9
Select Close to close the Span Equalization window.
End of Procedure
How to Change Qualified EDFA Gain
This instruction describes how to change the gain of a qualified EDFA. This is
relevant to do in order to fine tune the gain.
Changing the gain is supported also after the EDFA has been put In Service, but
such a change could affect service. It is recommended to change gain for a
qualified EDFA only in conjunction with following the Provisioning and Operations Manual procedure to turn-up span equalization for a network. The turn-up
procedure takes into account restrictions and recommendations as to when
such a change is allowed.
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Configuring Span Equalization
Procedure
Step 1
Right-click the NE in the Managed Elements pane, and select Span
Equalization from the context-sensitive menu that appears.
Step 2
Select the qualified EDFA module in the list.
Step 3
Expand the Parameters section by clicking the + symbol.
In response the Span Equalization window content is updated.
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In response the Span Equalization window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 4
Select the Config tab in the Parameters section.
In response the Span Equalization window content is updated.
Step 5
In the Config tab, select Modify.
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In response the Modify window appears.
Step 6
Enter the new value for the gain offset in the GainCal Offset field.
Step 7
Select OK to apply your change, or Cancel to reject it.
Step 8
Select Close to close the Span Equalization window.
End of Procedure
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Configuring Span Equalization
How to Change Qualified EDFA Administrative
State
This section describes how to change the administrative state of a qualified
EDFA.
Procedure
Step 1
Right-click the NE in the Managed Elements pane, and select Span
Equalization from the context-sensitive menu that appears.
Step 2
Select the qualified EDFA in the list.
Step 3
Expand the Parameters section.
In response the Span Equalization window content is updated.
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In response the Span Equalization window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 4
Select the Modify button.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 5
Use the Admin State drop-down list to select the relevant administrative state, either In Service or Maintenance.
Step 6
Select OK to apply your change or Cancel to reject the change.
Step 7
Select Close to close the Span Equalization window.
End of Procedure
How to Enable/Disable Dynamic Equalization
Dynamic span equalization can be enabled separately from the span equalization configuration mode, provided span equalization configuration is in either
Enable Gain Calculate or Enable Gain Adopt modes.
PS
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When dynamic span equalization is enabled, the NCU dynamically computes a
new gain value for pre-amplifier and line-amplifier modules every two seconds
and makes automatic adjustments to those gain settings to compensate for
span loss drift. These gain adjustments are made slowly, in small increments,
so fast transitions in span loss requires several seconds to complete compensation.
When the gain setting of an EDFA that is in service is changed, this
can disrupt traffic.
Note
This instruction describes how to enable dynamic span equalization for an NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Right-click the NE in the Managed Elements pane, and select Span
Equalization from the context-sensitive menu that appears.
In response the Span Equalization window appears.
Step 2
Select Modify.
In response the Modify window appears.
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Viewing and Configuring Trace Messages
Step 3
Use the SPEQ Dynamic Comp. drop-down list to select Enable or Disable field:
Step 4
Select OK to apply your change, or Cancel to reject it.
Step 5
Select Close to close the Span Equalization window.
End of Procedure
Viewing and Configuring Trace Messages
Trace is a way to ensure connectivity within a network, by using the trace byte.
The principle is that an expected trace message is defined for a connection.
The transmitter enters this message in the trace overhead byte when sending.
The receiver checks the message received in the trace byte against the
expected message. A mismatch indicates that the sender and receiver that were
supposed to be connected, may not be correctly connected.
A Trace Identifier Mismatch (TIM) alarm can be raised upon detection of such a
mismatch. Raising of the TIM alarm is configurable for each trace message.
The following topics are provided:
“How to View the Trace Messages” on p. 316
“How to Configure the Trace Messages” on p. 318
How to View the Trace Messages
This procedure explains how to view the current settings for Trace messages,
TIM Mode etc.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant channel entity in the Entity pane.
Step 2
Select the Config tab in the Parameters pane.
Step 3
Expand the Trace section.
In response the Trace pane appears. The values and information displayed may vary depending on which channel entity you have
selected. The Trace pane content depends on whether the signals
are SDH/ SONET or OTN, see “Trace Pane Content for SDH/SONET
Signals” on p. 317 and “Trace Pane Content for OTN Signals” on
p. 317.
End of Procedure
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For more detailed information about Trace, see the FSP3000R7 User Documentation.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Trace Pane Content for SDH/SONET Signals
For SDH and SONET signals, you see the fields described below. To modify
any of the field values, you must select the Modify button.
Field Name
Description
Layer
This drop down list is used to select which layer
you want to measure on.
The option Enabled_AISDisabled indicates that a
TIM alarm will be raised if there is a mismatch
between the received and expected trace
message, but no AIS is raised as a consequent
action.
Shows the format (64 Byte, 16 Byte or 1 Byte).
Radio buttons to let you select whether you want
to view the trace messages in ASCII or
hexadecimal format.
Shows the trace message you expect to receive.
Shows the trace message you sent.
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TIM Mode
Format
ASCII and Hex
Expected
Transmitted
Trace Pane Content for OTN Signals
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Viewing and Configuring Trace Messages
Field Name
Description
Layer
This drop down list is used to select which layer
you want to measure on. If you select a sublayer, it
will be easier to identify errors.
The option Enabled_AISDisabled indicates that a
TIM alarm will be raised if there is a mismatch
between the received and expected trace
message, but no AIS is raised as a consequent
action.
Radio buttons to let you select whether you want
to view the trace messages in ASCII or
hexadecimal format.
Shows the trace message you expect to receive
for SAPI (Source Access Point Identifier). The
Trace compare process is only based on the
SAPI, DAPI and OPSP are not used.
Shows the SAPI trace message you sent.
Shows the DAPI (Destination Access Point
Identifier) trace message you sent.
Shows the OPSP (Operator Specific) trace
message you sent.
Shows the SAPI trace message you received.
Shows the DAPI trace message you received.
Shows the OPSP trace message you received.
TIM Mode
ASCII and Hex
SAPI Expected
SAPI Tx
DAPI Tx
OPSP TX
SAPI Rx
DAPI Rx
OPSP Rx
How to Configure the Trace Messages
This procedure explains how to configure the settings for the trace messages.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant channel entity in the Entity pane.
Step 2
Select the Config tab in the Parameters pane.
Step 3
Expand the Trace section.
Step 4
Select the Modify button
In response the Modify window appears. The fields and options available may vary depending on which channel entity you have selected.
For SDH/SONET, go to “Configuring Settings for SDH/SONET Signals” on p. 319.
For OTN, go to “Configuring Settings for OTN Signals” on p. 320.
Remember to select layer before you select the Modify button.
End of Procedure
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For OTN signals, you see the fields described below. To modify any of the field
values, you must select the Modify button.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Configuring Settings for SDH/SONET Signals
This procedure explains how to configure the trace message settings for
SDH/SONET signals and follows the procedure in “How to Configure the Trace
Messages” on p. 318.
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Procedure
Step 1
In the TIM Mode field, specify whether the TIM Alarm shall be raised
upon detection of a mismatch between Expected and Received trace
message. If you select Enabled_AISDisabled, a TIM Alarm will be
raised upon detection of a mismatch between Expected and
Received message, but there will not be sent any Alarm Indication
Signal. By default, TIM Mode is disabled.
Step 2
Select the message format in the Format field. The trace byte may
contain a whole message, or successive bytes may be concatenated
to contain a longer message. The supported message length
depends on the mapping type. You can choose 1 Byte, 16 Byte or 64
Byte. See Step 4 for more information on these values.
Step 3
Select the code to enter the message in, ASCII, Hex (hexadecimal) or
G.831.
Step 4
User Manual
In the Expected field, write the trace message you expect to receive
back.
• The 1 byte frame shall contain one of the codes 0-255 for Decimal
format, or a hexadecimal code for the Hex format.
• In the 16 byte frame, the first byte should consist of a CRC-7 calculation over the previous frame, and the following 15 bytes
transport the Source Access Point Identifier (SAPI), expressed in
T.50 characters. This gives you 15 characters to compose your
message.
• In the 64 byte frame the last two bytes are carriage return (0x0d)
and a line feed (0x0a). This particular combination of values must
not be used in other places in the message. The 64 byte format
thus gives you 62 characters to compose your message.
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Viewing and Configuring Trace Messages
Step 5
In the Transmitted field, write the trace message you want to send.
PS
The sender and receiver should agree upon the Transmitted and
Expected trace messages before starting the Trace process.
Note
Step 6
Select OK to save your settings and close the Modify window.
End of Procedure
Configuring Settings for OTN Signals
Procedure
320
Step 1
In the TIM Mode field, specify whether the TIM Alarm shall be raised
upon detection of a mismatch between Expected and Received trace
message. If you select Enabled_AISDisabled, a TIM Alarm will be
raised upon detection of a mismatch between Expected and
Received message, but there will not be sent any Alarm Indication
Signal. By default, TIM Mode is disabled.
Step 2
Select the code for to enter the trace message in:
• Select ASCII to write your trace message in clear text.
• Select G.709 to follow the G.709 standard where the SAPI and
DAPI messages shall consist of a 3 byte country code and a 12
byte National Segment code.
• Select Hex to write your trace message in hexadecimal code.
Step 3
In the SAPI Expected field, write the SAPI trace message you expect
to receive back. Only SAPI is used for comparison of messages for
the Trace functionality.
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This procedure explains how to configure the trace message settings for OTN
signals and follows the procedure in “How to Configure the Trace Messages” on
p. 318.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 4
In the SAPI Tx field, write the SAPI trace message you want to send.
Step 5
In the DAPI Tx field, you may write the DAPI trace message you want
to send.
Step 6
In the OPSP Tx field, you may write the Operator Specific trace message you want to send.
PS
Note
Step 7
For OTN signals, you have 15 characters available for your message
for the SAPI and DAPI and 32 characters available for OPSP. The
length and format for the trace string is the same for all layers in OTN.
Select OK to save your settings and close the Modify window.
End of Procedure
How to Configure TCA Thresholds
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This instruction describes how to configure the thresholds for Threshold Crossing Alerts. You can set these thresholds for performance measurement on the
physical layer so that an alert is generated in case a performance measure
crosses a threshold. The thresholds are described in the FSP3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane hierarchical list.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Performance -> Performance Data.
In response, the Performance Data window will appear.
Step 3
Select which channel to view performance data for, by using the Monitoring Point drop-down list.
The drop-down list is populated from the provisioned channels. Channels are identified by their AID address.
Step 4
Select which type of performance data to configure thresholds for, by
using the Monitoring Type drop-down list. The available options in this
list depend on what is selected for Monitoring Point in Step 3. You
need to select a monitoring type that monitors on the physical layer.
In response, the performance records and thresholds for the selected
monitoring point and type are displayed in the Performance Data window.
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How to Configure Tandem Connection Monitoring
Step 5
Select the Modify button.
If the Modify button is inactive, you are not monitoring on the physical
layer - select a correct monitoring type.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 6
Set the preferred threshold values in the fields for Low and High
threshold.
End of Procedure
This procedure explains how to configure Tandem Connection Monitoring
(TCM).
TCM is an important feature of the OTN within different administrative domains.
It enables the user to monitor the traffic quality that is transported between segments in the network, allowing errors and defects along the path to be traced to
a particular segment.
For more information about TCM, see the FSP3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Select the Network Element in the Entities pane, and expand the
module so you can see its dependent entities, plugs (PL) and/or
channels (CH).
• If you can see the CH entity, go to Step 2.
• If the CH entity is not visible, you must create it first. See “How to
Create a Port” on p. 93.
• If the channel (CH) shows the state UAS, you must create it first.
See “How to Create a Port” on p. 93.
Select the channel (CH) in the Entities pane, and then select the Config tab.
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How to Configure Tandem Connection
Monitoring
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 3
Select the Modify button.
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In response, the Modify window appears.
Step 4
User Manual
Choose which one of the three TCM monitoring segments (TCM-A,
TCM-B or TCM-C) you want to activate. Activate one of the three
TCMs by selecting the relevant TCMi in the drop-down list called
TCM-A Activation, TCM-B Activation or TCM-C Activation. You can
choose the following TCMis: TCM1, TCM2, TCM3, TCM4, TCM5,
TCM6.
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How to Store Optical Power Reference Values
Step 5
Specify settings for Signal Degrade (SD) for the TCM you activated.
Do as follows:
a) In the field for BBE Signal Degrade for the relevant TCM, enter a
threshold for the BBE counter. The default value is 15% for TCM
A, TCM B and TCM C.
b) In the field for SD Integration Period for the relevant TCM, enter
the integration period. The default is 7 seconds.
A candidate second for an SD alarm is present when the BBE counter
exceeds the threshold. If there are a specified number of consecutive
candidate seconds (G.783), then the SD alarm is raised. This number
of candidate seconds is the integration period.
PS
Note
Step 6
If you are pre-provisioning, the Modify window will look a bit different.
To get to the settings for Signal Degrade, you must close the Modify
window after you have activated the appropriate TCM, and then
select the Modify button again.
Select OK to save your settings and close the Modify window.
How to Store Optical Power Reference
Values
When storage of optical power related values is triggered, these values are
saved persistently for each optical port and will survive both software
upgrade/downgrade, firmware upgrade, and cold or warm restart of a module.
Up to ten optical power reference values can be stored for each module. Thereafter, when measurement of optical power reference values is triggered again,
the new values overwrite the oldest stored optical power reference values.
This instruction describes how to store optical power reference values for the
modules on the NE.
Upon intiation and completion of the optical power reference value storage, the
system generates transient conditions to indicate this.
Requirement
324
•
The Element Manager is set to manage the NE via SNMPv3, using an user
account with ADMIN privileges.
•
You must logged in with an Element Manager user account that has ADMIN
privileges.
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End of Procedure
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Parameters pane displays information about this NE.
Step 2
Select the Opt Pwr Ref tab in the Parameters pane.
In response, the optical power reference options are displayed in the
Parameters pane.
Step 3
Trigger storage of optical power reference values by selecting Store
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reference values.
In response, storing of optical power reference values starts.
Progress is indicated by the Status of storing field, using the following
status messages:
•
•
•
In Progress, which means that storing is in progress.
Success, which means that storing has successfully completed.
Error, which means that storing was interrupted.
End of Procedure
Configuring Ethernet OAM/CFM
How to configure and use Ethernet connectivity fault management (CFM) for
OAM purposes is described in the FSP 3000 Provisioning and Operations Manual, Chapter 4.
This section supports the FSP 3000 Provisioning and Operations Manual by giving more detailed guidance on using the Craft or Web Console to create each
individual CFM entity. The procedures in this section should only be followed for
additional support in conjunction with the procedures for configuring CFM in the
FSP 3000 Provisioning and Operations Manual.
The following sections are provided:
“Creating a Maintenance Domain (MD)” on p. 326
“Creating a Maintenance Association Network (MAnet)” on p. 329
“Creating a Maintenance Association Component (MAcomp)” on p. 333
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Configuring Ethernet OAM/CFM
“Creating a Maintenance End Point” on p. 337
“Viewing and Modifying MAnet or MAcomp Configuration” on p. 341
“Deleting CFM Entities” on p. 349
Creating a Maintenance Domain (MD)
In a complex Ethernet network, a customer may relate to one or more providers,
who again use one or more operators to deliver the service. Connectivity fault
management can be done for different domains, allowing adaptation to the
operator networking model in each case.
The MD is a network scope entity.
This section describes how to create a maintenance domain (MD) entity.
Requirements
•
A CFM plan for the network must exist.
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane hierarchical list.
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Ethernet Service
In response the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window appears.
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OAM/CFM.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 3
Select the item CFM at the top of the left hand pane.
In response the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window displays the maintenance domains defined for this NE.
Step 4
Select Add.
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In response the Create Maintenance Domain wizard starts.
Each page in the wizard has a title. and the final page has the title
Confirm. This helps you keep track of how far you have come. Navi-
gate between the pages by selecting either:
•
•
Next to continue to the next wizard page.
Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make changes to
the parameters.
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Step 5
In the page Identifier enter the planned MD identifier for this MD in the
MD Identifier field.
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Parameters page appears.
Step 6
In the page Parameters do as follows:
a) Enter the planned domain level number in the Domain Level field.
Ensure that you enter the correct value, it cannot be changed
later.
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b) In the Format Type of Name drop-down list, select the planned format type for the maintenance domain name.
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Name page appears.
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Step 7
In the page Name enter the maintenance domain name in the Name
field.
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Confirm page appears.
Step 8
Select Finish.
In response, the entity is displayed in the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM
window if it was successfully created. Together with the MD identifier,
the MAnet identifier is used to form the AID for the MAnet, and this is
displayed in the AID column of the Maintenance Domains table
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Step 9
Select Close to close the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window.
End of Procedure
Creating a Maintenance Association Network
(MAnet)
In each end the CFM maintenance flow is realized by defining a maintenance
association (MA). This MA is represented by two entities:
•
The maintenance association net (MAnet)
•
The maintenance association component (MAcomp).
The MAnet has network scope. It lists the end points of the CFM maintenance
flow (in NE A and NE B) and the Maintenance Domain (MD) that the end points
belong to. The MAcomp has local scope and owns the parameters that are specific to the local end point, such as the Ethernet port and the primary VID it
belongs to.
This section describes how to create one maintenance association network
(MAnet).
Requirements
User Manual
•
A CFM plan for the network must exist.
•
The EVC/EVC flow segment that connectivity fault management shall be
configured for, must already have been provisioned. It is not necessary that
it is in service.
•
The MD that the MAnet belongs to must already have been provisioned.
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Configuring Ethernet OAM/CFM
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane hierarchical list.
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Ethernet Service
OAM/CFM.
Step 3
Select the MD that the MAnet belongs to in the hierarchical list of
CFM entities in the left hand pane.
In response the content in the right hand pane changes.
All maintenance association networks defined for this MD will be displayed.
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In response the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 4
Select Add.
In response the Create Maintenance Association wizard starts.
Each page in the wizard has a title. and the final page has the title
Confirm. This helps you keep track of how far you have come. Navi-
gate between the pages by selecting either:
•
•
Next to continue to the next wizard page.
Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make changes to
the parameters.
Step 5
In the page Identifier do as follows:
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a) Ensure that the MD AID that is displayed in the MD field is correct.
If not, cancel the wizard and start it again after selecting the correct MD in the left pane.
b) Enter the planned MA identifier for this MAnet in the MA Identifier
field.
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Parameters page appears.
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Step 6
In the page Parameters do as follows:
a) In the List of Attached MEPS field, enter the maintenance
end-points (MEPs) that are associated with this MAnet. Separate
the MEPs with commas.
PS
If the MEP identifiers are not entered, you will not be able to create
these MEPs in the appropriate later step.
Note
b) Use the CCM Period drop-down list to select the planned CCM
period for this CFM maintenance flow.
The CCM period is how long time shall pass between each CCM
frame transmission. CFM maintenance flows that are used for
Ethernet linear protection shall use 3.3 ms.
c) In the Format Type of Name drop-down list, select the planned format type for the maintenance association name.
Select Next to continue.
Step 7
In the page Name enter the planned MAnet name in the Name field.
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Confirm page appears.
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In response, the Name page appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 8
Select Finish.
In response, the entity is displayed in the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM
window if it was successfully created. Together with the MD identifier,
the MAnet identifier is used to form the AID for the MAnet, and this is
displayed in the AID column of the Maintenance Associations table.
Step 9
Select Close to close the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window.
End of Procedure
Creating a Maintenance Association Component
(MAcomp)
In each end the CFM maintenance flow is realized by defining a maintenance
association (MA). This MA is represented by two entities:
•
The maintenance association net (MAnet)
•
The maintenance association component (MAcomp).
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The MAnet has network scope. It lists the end points of the CFM maintenance
flow (in NE A and NE B) and the Maintenance Domain (MD) that the end points
belong to. The MAcomp has local scope and owns the parameters that are specific to the local end point, such as the Ethernet port and the primary VID it
belongs to.
This section describes how to create one maintenance association component
(MAcomp).
Requirements
User Manual
•
A CFM plan for the network must exist.
•
The EVC/EVC flow segment that connectivity fault management shall be
configured for, must already have been provisioned. It is not necessary that
it is in service.
•
The MD that the MAnet belongs to must already have been provisioned.
•
The MAnet that the MAcomp belongs to must already have been provisioned.
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Configuring Ethernet OAM/CFM
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane hierarchical list.
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Ethernet Service
OAM/CFM.
Step 3
Select the MAnet that the this end of the CFM maintenance flow
belongs to in the hierarchical list of CFM entities in the left hand pane.
In response the content in the right hand pane changes.
Step 4
Select the MACOMP tab.
All MA components that exist for this MAnet will be displayed in the
MACOMP tab.
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In response the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 5
Select Add.
In response the Create MACOMP wizard starts.
Each page in the wizard has a title. these titles and their sequence
are: Identifier, Parameters, Name, Confirm. This helps you keep track
of how far you have come. Navigate between the pages by selecting
either:
•
•
Next to continue to the next wizard page.
Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make changes to
the parameters.
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Step 6
In the page Identifier do as follows:
a) Ensure that the MAnet AID that is displayed in the Maintenance
Association field is correct.
If not, cancel the wizard and start it again after selecting the correct MAnet in the left pane.
b) Enter the planned MAcomp identifier in the Identifier field.
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Parameters page appears.
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Configuring Ethernet OAM/CFM
Step 7
In the page Parameters do as follows:
a) Use the Port AID drop-down list to select the Ethernet port AID
which this CFM maintenance flow is associated with.
This must be the same ETH port entity that is used by the EVC or
EVC flow segment that this CFM maintenance flow monitors.
PS
Ensure that you enter the correct ETH port entity. It is easy to make a
mistake at this point.
P
Note
b) The VLAN Comp Type field content cannot be changed. No action
is required.
Select Next to continue.
Step 8
Enter the planned primary VID that the CFM maintenance flow shall
use for the CFM frames in the Primary VID field.
The primary VID shall be equal to the external VID that was defined
for the EVC or EVC flow segment.
PS
Ensure that you enter the correct primary VID. It is easy to make a
mistake at this point.
P
Note
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Confirm page appears.
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In response, the Parameters page content changes.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 9
Select Finish.
In response, the entity is displayed in the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM
window on the MACOMP tab if it was successfully created. Together
with the MD identifier, the MAnet identifier and the MAcomp identifier
are used to form the AID for the MAcomp, and this is displayed in the
AID column of the table on the MACOMP tab.
Step 10
Select Close to close the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window.
End of Procedure
Creating a Maintenance End Point
A CFM maintenance flow is characterized by its end points. These maintenance
end points (MEPs) can generate and terminate CFM messages, and they act as
filters to confine CFM frames within the domain level, and the flow. End points
discard CFM frames at lower domain levels while they are transparent for CFM
frames at higher domain levels. Maintenance end points are per MD level and
can be associated with a port, a VID (SVID) or an EVC.
This section describes how to create one maintenance end point (MEP).
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Requirements
User Manual
•
A CFM plan for the network must exist.
•
The EVC/EVC flow segment that connectivity fault management shall be
configured for, must already have been provisioned. It is not necessary that
it is in service.
•
The MAnet that the MAcomp belongs to must already have been provisioned.
•
The MAcomp that the MEP belongs to must already have been provisioned.
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Configuring Ethernet OAM/CFM
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane hierarchical list.
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Ethernet Service
OAM/CFM.
Step 3
Select the MAnet that the this end of the CFM maintenance flow
belongs to in the hierarchical list of CFM entities in the left hand pane.
In response the content in the right hand pane changes.
Step 4
Select the Maintenance End Points tab.
All MEPs defined for this MD will be displayed in the Maintenance End
Points tab.
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In response the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 5
Select Add.
In response the Create Maintenance End Point wizard starts.
Each page in the wizard has a title. these titles and their sequence
are: Identifier, Parameters, Name, Confirm. This helps you keep track
of how far you have come. Navigate between the pages by selecting
either:
•
•
Next to continue to the next wizard page.
Back to return to the previous wizard page, and make changes to
the parameters.
Step 6
In the page Identifier do as follows:
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a) Ensure that the MAnet AID that is displayed in the Maintenance
Association field is correct.
If not, cancel the wizard and start it again after selecting the correct MAnet in the left pane.
b) Enter the planned MEP identifier in the Identifier field.
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Parameters page appears.
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Configuring Ethernet OAM/CFM
Step 7
In the page Parameters do as follows:
a) The facility type for the MEP can only be Down MEP, so no action
is required for the Facility Type field.
b) The AID of the ETH port that this MEP is associated with is displayed in Port AID field. This entry has been deduced from the
MAcomp that already is associated with the MAnet.
Compare against your CFM plan and ensure that this is the same
ETH port as used by the EVC or EVC flow segment to be monitored.
c) Enter the priority that is planned for the transmitted ETH-CCM
CFM frames,
d) To enable CFM monitoring at the far end, generation of
ETH-CCM frames must be started in the local end. This can be
done now, by leaving the Start CCM generation field set to
ENABLE. Otherwise set the field to DISABLE.
You can also enable or disable ETH-CCM generation at a later
time, using the Config tab of the MEP.
Select Next to continue.
Step 8
Enter the planned primary VID that the CFM maintenance flow shall
use for the CFM frames in the Primary VID field.
The primary VID shall be equal to the external VID that is defined for
the EVC or EVC flow segment. You should already have entered this
VID when creating the MAcomp entity belonging to this end of the
CFM maintenance flow.
If the MAnet name that this MEP is associated with is of type “primary
VID”, then the same primary VID must be entered in the Primary VID
field.
PS
Ensure that you enter the correct primary VID. It is easy to make a
mistake at this point.
P
Note
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In response, the Parameters page content changes.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 9
Use the Admin State drop-down list to set the MEP’s administrative
state in In Service.
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Confirm page appears.
Step 10
Select Finish.
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In response, the entity is displayed in the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM
window on the Maintenance End Points tab if it was successfully created. Together with the MD identifier, the MAnet identifier and the
MEP identifier are used to form the AID for the MEP, and this is displayed in the AID column of the table on the Maintenance End Points
tab.
Step 11
Select Close to close the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window.
End of Procedure
Viewing and Modifying MAnet or MAcomp
Configuration
It is possible to modify the following parameters of the MAnet entities:
User Manual
•
CCM period
•
List of attached MEPs
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Configuring Ethernet OAM/CFM
This section describes how to view how a MAnet or MAcomp entity is configured.
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane hierarchical list.
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Ethernet Service
OAM/CFM.
Step 3
Select the MAnet that the this end of the CFM maintenance flow
belongs to in the hierarchical list of CFM entities in the left hand pane.
In response the content in the right hand pane changes.
The current configuration of the MAnet parameters is displayed at the
top of the right hand pane.
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In response the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 4
To change the CCM period, select Modify.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 5
Make changes to the CCM period as follows:
a) Select the relevant CCM period from the CCM Period drop-down
list.
b) Select OK to apply your changes or Cancel to discard them.
Step 6
To change the list of MEPs associated with the MAnet, select Modify.
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In response the Modify List of Attached MEPs appears.
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Step 7
Make changes to the MEP list as follows:
a) Associate a new MEP with the MAnet by entering the MEP identifier(s) in the MEP IDs field and then selecting Add. If you enter
more than one MEP identifier, separate them with commas.
In response the new MEP identifier will appear in the List of
Attached MEPs section. However, there will be no MEP AID entry
together with it, as this MEP has not yet been created.
b) Remove a MEP association with the MAnet by selecting the MEP
identifier in the List of Attached MEPs section and then selecting
Remove. Only MEP identifiers for which the actual MEP AID is not
displayed can be removed from the list. To remove a MEP association for a MEP which already exists, you must delete the MEP
before removing the MEP identifier from the List of Attached MEPs
section.
d) You are required to confirm that you wish to discard the changes
by selecting Yes. If you select No you will be returned to the Modify List of Attached MEPs window.
Step 8
To view all information for MAcomp, select the Maintenance End
Points tab.
In response information about the MAcomp appears, no changes are
possible.
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c) Select OK to apply your changes or Cancel to discard them.
If you select Cancel a warning window will appear.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 9
Select Close to close the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window.
End of Procedure
Viewing and Modifying MEP Configuration
For each CFM entity it is possible to view how it is configured. For the MEP
entity a standard information window is available, with the tabs State, Fault,
Config, Info, FMEP.
It is only possible to alter the Start CCM generation parameter of the MEP entity,
and to change the Admin State of the MEP entity.
This section describes how to view and modify a MEP configuration.
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane hierarchical list.
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Ethernet Service
OAM/CFM.
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In response the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window appears.
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Step 3
Select the MAnet that the this end of the CFM maintenance flow
belongs to in the hierarchical list of CFM entities in the left hand pane.
Step 4
Select the MEP to view or modify in the Maintenance End Points tab
and then select Config.
In response the MEP Config window appears.
Step 5
To view states for the MEP entity, select the State tab.
In response state information in is displayed.
Step 6
To change the administrative states for the MEP entity, select the
State tab and then select Modify.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 7
Change the administrative state as follows:
a) Use the Admin State drop-down list to select the relevant administrative state.
b) Select OK to apply the change.
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In response the content in the right hand pane changes.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 8
To view faults for the MEP entity, select the Fault tab.
In response fault information for the MEP appears.
Step 9
To view the configured parameters for the MEP entity, select the Config tab.
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In response the configured parameters for the MEP appear.
Step 10
To enable or disable generation of CCM frames for this MEP, select
the Config tab and then select Modify.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 11
Enable/disable the CCM generation as follows:
a) Use the Start CCM generation drop-down list to select the relevant
setting, Enable or Disable.
b) Select OK to apply the change.
Step 12
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To view the PDU Content for the MEP, select the Config tab and then
select PDU Content.
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Step 13
To view information related to the MEP entity, select the Info tab.
In response information related to the MEP appears.
Step 14
To view information about the far-end MEP entity of this MAnet, select
the FMEP tab. This information is useful when troubleshooting CFM.
The displayed information is:
•
•
•
•
•
Step 15
The AID of the MEP in the far-end NE.
The MAC address of the far-end MEP.
The state of the far-end MEP.
How long the far-end MEP has been up.
Whether any RDI condition exists at the far-end MEP.
Select Close to return to the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window.
End of Procedure
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In response information related to the far-end MEP appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Deleting CFM Entities
This section describes how to delete the various CFM entities for an EVC or
EVC segment. A CFM entity cannot be deleted unless its dependent entities
already have been deleted. This procedure describes deletion of MEPs,
MAcomps, MAnets and MDs, which is the required sequence of deletion to
delete a MD. To delete any other CFM entity follow the procedure until you have
deleted the entity in question, then stop the procedure.
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane hierarchical list.
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Ethernet Service
OAM/CFM.
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In response the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window appears.
Step 3
To delete a MEP do as follows:
a) In the right hand hierarchical list, select the MAnet for which you
want to delete a MEP.
b) Select the Maintenance End Point tab.
c) In the displayed list of MEPs, select the MEP to delete.
d) If that MEP’s administrative state is In Service, you must change
the administrative state to any other state in order to be allowed to
delete the MEP. See “Viewing and Modifying MEP Configuration”
on p. 345 for guidance.
e) Select Delete.
A confirmation message appears.
f)
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Select OK to confirm the deletion, or cancel to stop it.
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Configuring Ethernet OAM/CFM
Step 4
To delete a MAcomp entity do as follows:
a) In the right hand hierarchical list, select the MAnet for which you
want to delete the MAcomp.
b) Select the MACOMP tab.
c) In the displayed list of MAcomps, select the MAcomp to delete.
d) If that MAcomp has a MEP entity entry in the MEP column, the
MEP with which the MAnet and MAcomp are associated has not
yet been deleted. You must delete this MEP in order to be
allowed to delete the MAcomp. See Step 3 for guidance.
e) Select Delete.
A confirmation message appears.
f)
To delete a MAnet entity do as follows:
a) In the left hand hierarchical list, select the MD to which the MAnet
belongs.
b) In the right hand pane, select the MAnet to delete from the displayed list of MAnets.
c) If dependent MAcomps have not yet been deleted, the Delete button is not selectable. You must delete these MAcomps and MEPs
in order to be allowed to delete the MAcomp. See Step 4 for guidance.
d) Select Delete.
e) A confirmation message appears.
f)
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Select OK to confirm the deletion, or cancel to stop it.
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Step 5
Select OK to confirm the deletion, or cancel to stop it.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 6
To delete a MD entity do as follows:
a) In the left hand hierarchical list, select the top item, CFM.
b) In the right hand pane, select the MD to delete from the displayed
list of MDs.
c) If dependent MAnets have not yet been deleted, the Delete button
is not selectable. You must delete these MAnets in order to be
allowed to delete the MD. See Step 5 for guidance.
d) Select Delete.
e) A confirmation message appears.
f)
Select OK to confirm the deletion, or cancel to stop it.
Step 7
Select OK to return to the Ethernet Service OAM/CFM window.
Step 8
Select [Back] to return to the main menu.
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End of Procedure
How to Configure Loop-Backs
This instruction describes how to set an external or internal loop-back, and how
to release either of the loop backs. External and internal loop-backs are
described in the FSP3000R7 Detailed System Description.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the client or network side channels that you wish to set a loop
for. Use the Entities pane hierarchical entity list for this selection.
Such channels are named: CH-<shelf #>-<slot #>-C|C1.C8 or
CH-<shelf #>-<slot #>-N|NE|NW.
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How to Configure Loop-Backs
Step 2
In the Parameter pane, select the Operation tab.
In response, the commands that can be issued are displayed.
The last issued loop-back command is displayed in the
Loopback Extern/Facility field. Under normal conditions this will show
RLS, which indicates that a loop has been released.
Step 3
Select the Modify button.
Step 4
Use the Loopback Extern/Facility drop-down list to issue the relevant
command. The options are:
•
External
•
Facility
• RLS, which means to release any loops that currently are active.
Step 5
Select OK to apply the command, or Cancel to discard it.
End of Procedure
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In response, the Modify Operation window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Managing Cables in the Internal Database
In the Element Manager, fiber jumpers interconnect various optical modules
installed within a single network element. These jumpers are connected during
network element installation and carry both client- and network-side signals
from service termination points (such as transponders), through various active
or passive optical modules, prior to entering or exiting the network element
itself. In this way the jumpers form the internal optical signal path of the network
element.
Network management systems (NMS), as well as the control plane, require the
fiber jumpers to be entered into the internal database.
Some network management systems (NMS), as well as the control plane,
require these fiber jumpers, as well as the network fiber endpoints to be entered
into the internal database.
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Physical termination point (PTP) entities are automatically created when port
entities for a module are created. These PTPs represent each point in the NE to
which a cable can be connected, including network internal cables. The access
identifier of a physical termination point is derived from the AID of the port entity.
For example: PTP-1-9-N is the physical termination point for the port CH-1-9-N.
Network fiber endpoints are represented by Optical Line (OL) entities, and physical termination point (PTP) entities are automatically created for these as well.
In this case an optical line can have access identifier OL-1, and the physical termination point is PTP-1A fiber jumper is represented in the database by an interconnection between the
PTP entities of the two ports that it interconnects. Therefore, a connection is created in the database between the relevant PTP entities for each fiber jumper in
the NE. A connected network fiber endpoint is modeled by an interconnection
between the PTP of its OL entity and the PTP of the network port it is connected
to.
Figure 22:
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Fiber Jumpers and Physical Termination Points
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Managing Cables in the Internal Database
This section contains the following topics:
How to View Fibers in the Physical Connections Table
How to Enter Fibers into the Physical Connections Table
Viewing Physical Termination Points
How to View Fibers in the Physical Connections Table
This procedure describes how to view all fibers that have been entered into the
Physical Connections Table.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE from the Entity pane hierarchical list.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Physical Connections
List.
The following information is presented in this window:
Column Name
Description
From
This column shows the name of the module that
the port/channel in the AID column belongs to.
This column shows the name of the module to
which port/channel the other end of the cable is
connected.
This column shows the equipment type of the
module that the port/channel in the AID column
belongs to.
To
Type
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In response, the Physical Connections List window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Column Name
Description
Conn
This column shows whether the connection is
2WAY, indicating that is carries both the transmit
and receive direction, or whether it is 1WAY
carrying one direction.
This column shows the class a connection is.
Class
Step 3
•
The class standard indicates that the PTP
AIDs do not incur any restriction in functionality. Standard connections are typically used to
connect equipment.
•
The class Non Standard indicates that the
PTP AIDs may limit the functionality of the NE
in some way.
To filter which equipment to display physical connections for, use the
Entity, Type and Class drop-down lists.
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For example set Entity to SHELF-1, Type to EDFA-DGCV and Class to
Standard. The table will then display only standard physical connections to and from EDFA-DGCV modules in Shelf 1.
Step 4
This list is not updated automatically after it has been opened. To
refresh the contents: Select the Refresh button.
Step 5
Print the list by selecting the Print button.
Step 6
Save the list to file by selecting the Save button.
Step 7
Create a new connection by selecting the Create button, see “How to
Enter Fibers into the Physical Connections Table” on p. 355.
Step 8
Delete a connection by selecting the connection and then selecting
the Delete button.
Step 9
Close the Physical Connections List window by selecting the Close button.
End of Procedure
How to Enter Fibers into the Physical Connections
Table
This procedure describes how to fill in fiber jumpers or network fibers into the
Physical Connections Table.
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Managing Cables in the Internal Database
Requirements
•
A cabling plan mapping all internal fiber jumpers in the NE.
•
You will need a thorough understanding of how modules are interconnected
in the NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Select the relevant NE from the Entity pane hierarchical list.
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Physical Connections
List.
In response, the Physical Connections List window appears.
Step 3
Select the Create button.
Step 4
Use the Class drop-down list to define which class physical termination points (PTP) that shall be displayed in the To pane.
• A PTP of class Standard does not incur any restriction in functionality. Class Standard connections are typically used to connect
equipment.
• A PTP of class Non Standard may limit the functionality of the NE
in some way.
• Setting the class to All results in all classes PTP being displayed.
Step 5
In the From and To panes: select the physical termination points
(PTP) that represent the cable you want to enter. For a fiber jumper
the PTPs represent two ports. For a network fiber there is an optical
line PTP and a port PTP.
The Create button remains inactive (greyed out) until you have
selected a valid connection.
Step 6
Select the type of connection, bi-directional (2WAY) or uni-directional
(1WAY), using the Type of Connection radio buttons.
Uni-directional connections carry either the transmit or receive traffic
and must be used for fiber jumpers attached to EDFAs or attached to
modules used as regenerators. Bi-directional connections carry both
transmit and receive traffic and represent two fiber jumpers.
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In response the Create Physical Connections window appears.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 7
Select the Create button to create the connection.
If the NCU detects no equipment mismatches or other inconsistencies
in the attempted connection, the system indicates that the connection
has been created successfully in the database and these entities disappear from the list in the Create Connections window. They will
appear in the Physical Connections List window after you have
selected Refresh in that window, or automatically if you subscribe to
Traps for the Network Element (see “Accessing Trap Recipients” on
p. 53).
Step 8
Select Close to close the Create Physical Connections window when
you are finished creating connections.
You are returned to the Physical Connections List window.
Step 9
Select Close.
End of Procedure
Viewing Physical Termination Points
This instruction describes how to view all PTPs in the NE, as well as display
detailed information about each PTP.
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Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE from the Entity pane hierarchical list.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> PTP Table.
In response, the Physical Termination Points window appears.
This window displays the PTPs in the system, as well as whether they
are currently part of a connection or not.
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How to Set the Automatic Laser Shutdown Mode
Step 3
Select a PTP in the list, and then select Details.
In response the PTP Details window appears. The contents depend
on the PTP you selected.
Step 4
Step 5
If there is more information that can be viewed about this PTP, use
the Previous and Next buttons to display this.
When you are finished, close the PTP Details window by selecting
Close.
You will be returned to the Physical Termination Points window.
When you are finished viewing PTPs, close the Physical Termination
Points window by selecting the Close button.
End of Procedure
How to Set the Automatic Laser Shutdown
Mode
This instruction describes how to set the automatic laser shutdown mode (ALS)
on a channel module. Refer to the Module and System Specification, Appendix
A for an overview of the channel modules that support ALS, and an ALS
switch-off.
ALS is a method of providing eye safety for open fiber connections. When a
fiber is detected to be open, the line side transmitter initiates a pulsing behavior
to reduce the optical output power and thus provide eye safety. When the fibers
are determined to be reconnected, by the end-to-end receivers detecting the
pulses, the transmitters are enabled and the link is established again.
In certain configurations, the default and normal working condition is to have
ALS disabled. Laser safety is not affected by the disabled ALS in this case. An
NE with a ROADM is an example of this.
Requirements
You must be logged in to the Element Manager using an account with user
account with OPERATOR privilege rights.
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Step 6
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Procedure
Step 1
Select the Network Element in the Entities pane, and expand the relevant shelf and module so you can see the client and network channels.
Step 2
Select the relevant client or network channel where the ALS mode
needs to be changed in the Entities pane.
In response the Parameters pane displays the parameters for his
channel.
Step 3
Select the State tab.
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In response the Parameters pane displays the State parameters.
Step 4
Set the administrative state for the channel to Management, using the
Admin State drop-down list. Your choice here depends on the situation requiring the ALS mode change. Laser safety will not be affected.
User Manual
Step 5
Select the Config tab.
Step 6
Select the Modify button.
Step 7
To enable the ALS mechanism, select either ALS or SDH-ALS from
the ALS Mode drop-down list. Use “SDH-ALS” if your channel carries
SDH/SONET traffic (e.g. STM-16).
Step 8
To disable the ALS mechanism, select NONE from the ALS Mode
drop-down list. As a result, the channel module transmitter will be on.
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How to Force a Laser On
Step 9
Select OK to save your setting or Cancel to discard them.
Step 10
Select the State tab.
Step 11
Change the administrative state to the value it was before you set the
ALS mode, or select Automatic in Service.
End of Procedure
How to Force a Laser On
This section describes how to force a laser on. Once a laser has been forced on
the laser release timer (see “How to Set the Forced-Laser Fallback/Release
Timer” on p. 362) starts running. When the specified time is reached, the laser is
released.
Requirements
You must be logged in to the Element Manager with the ADMIN account
Step 1
Select the Network Element in the Entities pane, and expand the relevant shelf and module so you can see the client and network channels.
Step 2
Select the relevant client or network channel where the Laser shall be
forced on or released, in the Entities pane.
In response the Parameters pane displays the parameters for his
channel.
Step 3
Select the State tab.
In response the Parameters pane displays the State parameters.
Step 4
Set the administrative state for the channel to Maintenance, using the
Admin State drop-down list.
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Procedure
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 5
Select the Operation tab.
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In response the Parameters pane displays the Operation parameters.
Step 6
Use the Laser Forced ON drop-down list to set the relevant laser operation:
• Select OPR (operate), to force a laser on. This setting will
override the ALS setting for the laser and should only be used
for diagnostic purposes.
• Select RLS (release), to release a forced-on laser. If the ALS
mechanism is enabled, it will now switch on or off the laser
appropriately.
Step 7
Select Apply to save your setting.
In response the laser is forced on and the laser release timer starts
running. The laser release timer can be observed on the Operation
tab. If it does not show progress, use the Refresh button.
Step 8
Select the State tab.
Step 9
Use the Admin State drop-down list to set the administrative state to
the state it was before you set the Laser Forced ON parameter, or
select Automatic in Service.
End of Procedure
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How to Set the Forced-Laser Fallback/Release Timer
How to Set the Forced-Laser
Fallback/Release Timer
When a force-laser command is issued, a timer starts running. When a configurable amount of time has elapsed, the forced setting is autonomously released.
Such a timer is commonly called a fallback or a release timer.
It is normally not necessary to change factory default setting of this timer.
This section contains the instruction to change this timer. The change is
non-service affecting, and affects all modules in the NE within 60 seconds after
the change is applied.
The change of this parameter is recorded in the database change log. This
makes it possible to reconstruct actions on system-wide parameters.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant Network Element in the NE Pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays the System page.
Step 2
Select the Database tab.
Step 3
Select the Modify button on the Database tab.
In response, the Modify window appears.
Step 4
Enter the new value for the forced-laser fallback timer in the Laser
RLS DEF Timer field.
The default value is 1440 minutes. The timer is configurable between
0 - 1440 minutes with 1 minute granularity.
Step 5
Select OK to apply the change, or Cancel to discard the change.
End of Procedure
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In response, the Parameter pane displays the Database page. In this
page parameters that affect the database are displayed.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
How to Allow Forced Deletion of Entities
In order to delete an entity, its dependent entities must first have been deleted.
In some situations it is cumbersome to delete each of the dependent entities
manually. The FSP3000R7 can do this deletion of dependent entities automatically, if the Force Deletion feature has been enabled.
This section contains the instruction to enable the Force Deletion feature. The
change is non-service affecting, and affects all modules in the NE within 60 seconds after the change is applied.
The change of this parameter is recorded in the database change log. This
makes it possible to reconstruct actions on system-wide parameters.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant Network Element in the NE Pane.
In response, the Parameter pane displays the System page.
Step 2
Select the Database tab.
In response, the Parameter pane displays the Database page. In this
page parameters that affect the database are displayed.
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Step 3
Select the Modify button on the Database tab.
In response, the Modify window appears.
Step 4
Use the Force Delete drop-down list and select Enable to enable the
Force Delete feature. To disable it, select Disable.
Step 5
Select OK to apply the change, or Cancel to discard the change.
End of Procedure
Enabling Use of SCU Ring Interconnection
Within a NE, the SCUs and ROADMs in each shelf can be interconnected in
both a chain or ring topology. Using the ring topology requires that the SCUs
and ROADMs have equipment software (firmware) version R8.2. Therefore use
of the ring topology is disabled by default, and must be actively enabled by the
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How to Change Equipment Capabilities
operator. This supports software update without loosing connection to shelves
without the correct SCU or ROADM equipment software version.
This instruction describes how to enable SCU interconnection for a NE which
previously did not support this.
Requirements
•
All SCUs and ROADMs in the NE must be running Release 8.2 equipment
software.
•
All shelves must have been registered in the database.
This instruction describes how to enable SCU interconnection for a NE which
previously did not support this.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response the Parameters pane displays all information about the
NE.
Step 2
Select the Database tab.
In response all information related to internal database is displayed.
Select Modify.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 4
Use the SCU ring intercon. drop-down list to enable or disable use of
Ring interconnection.
Step 5
Select OK to apply the change.
If the SCUs and ROADMS are registered, running the correct equipment software and cabled correctly, they should all be manageable.
End of Procedure
How to Change Equipment Capabilities
This section describes how to change the capability level of a module. The highest possible capability level contains all features the module can support. After
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Step 3
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
updating the NE software, it is wise to check that the equipment capability is
configured correctly in the case that expected features can not be found.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the module to change capability for. Use the Entity pane hierarchical entity list for this selection.
Step 2
Select the Config tab in the Parameter pane.
Step 3
Note the current capability as displayed in the Prov. Capability level
field.
Step 4
Select the Modify button.
Step 5
Use the Prov. Capability level drop-down list to select the correct capability level.
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For a 10TCC-PC-4GU module, the options could for example be:
•
•
•
Level 0: Basic feature set.
Level 1: FC400-C, TCA, PM-RST, RPS
Level 2: STM64/OC192-N
The release notes of the currently running software version will contain information about the supported capabilities.
Step 6
Select OK to apply the change, or Cancel to discard the change.
End of Procedure
How to Configure TIF Contacts
This section describes how to configure the telemetry interface (TIF) contacts
on the UTM module. There are 16 input and 4 output port contacts that can be
used to manage alarms. You may configure whether the input ports (TIFI) use
an open or closed contact to trigger an alarm. Alarm groups may be assigned to
the output ports (TIFO), one group per port. There are three categories of
alarms: NE alarms, FCU alarms, PSU alarms.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the UTM module in the Entity pane hierarchical entity list. If it is
not listed, you must first create the UTM module.
In response the dependent telemetry input (TIFI) and output (TIFO)
ports are displayed.
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How to Configure TIF Contacts
Step 2
Make a choice:
• Configure each TIF input port that you will use, as described in
Step 3 to Step 9.
• Assign an alarm group to each TIF output port that you will use as
described in Step 10 to Step 14
Step 3
Select the relevant input port under the UTM module in the hierarchical entity list.
Step 4
Select the Config tab in the Parameter pane.
Step 5
Select the Modify button.
In response the Modify window displays.
Step 6
An alarm will be triggered either when the TIF input contact is closed,
or when it is open. Use the Invert TIF input logic drop-down list to set
this behavior for the TIF input.
Step 7
Enter the alarm message that shall be displayed when the alarm is
raised. Use the TIF alarm message field.
The alarm and configured alarm message are displayed in the Current
Conditions window, and in the Event Log.
Step 8
Enter the severity for this TIF input alarm into the TIF alarm type field.
Use the following abbreviations: CR=critical, MJ=major, MN=minor.
PS
If you do not enter a severity, this TIF input port will be automatically
disabled.
Note
Step 9
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Select OK to apply the change, or Cancel to discard the change.
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This tab displays the current settings for this TIF input contact.
Chapter 4 Configuring NEs
Step 10
Select the relevant output port under the UTM module in the hierarchical entity list.
Step 11
Select the Config tab in the Parameter pane.
This tab displays the current settings for this TIF input contact.
Step 12
Select the Modify button.
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In response the Modify window displays.
Step 13
Use the TIF output provision drop-down list to select which alarm
group that this TIF output shall indicate.
Step 14
Select OK to apply the change, or Cancel to discard the change.
End of Procedure
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How to Configure TIF Contacts
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Chapter 5
Monitoring NEs
This section describes how to monitor the equipment state, current conditions
(for example, faults), events, performance and physical layer measurements.
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The following topics are provided:
Monitoring Faults, which gives a basic understanding of faults and current conditions, and how to view these.
Monitoring Performance, which describes how to view physical monitoring measurements and performance monitoring records.
Monitoring States, which gives a basic understanding of states and how to view
them.
Monitoring Faults
The Element Manager notifies the operator when faults, or conditions, occur.
For quick overview purposes, the Element Manager indicates currently present
conditions in the Managed Elements pane, by coloring the “ball” icon. In the
Equipment pane, currently present conditions for the client and network interfaces and for the power supplies are indicated by a condition balloon symbol.
The color and letter code inside the condition balloon symbol indicates the
severity of the condition. Severity is indicated using standardized coding and the
relationship between color, code and severity is shown in Table 10. When multiple conditions are present, the color and letter code of the most severe of these
conditions is the one displayed. The number indicates the total number of condi-
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Monitoring Faults
tions present. The plus sign is displayed when there are conditions present with
more than two different severities.
Table 10:
Alarm Color Coding
Severity Level
Color
Letter
Code
Cleared
NotAlarmed
Not Reported
Minor
Major
Critical
Green
Cyan
Grey
Yellow
Orange
Red
none
N
none
m
M
C
Comment
no alarms are present
this alarm is not reported
You can find more information under the following topics:
“How to View Current Conditions for a Single Entity or NE” on p. 370 explains
how current conditions for the entities are viewed from the Fault tab.
“How to View Current Conditions for All Entities in an NE” on p. 372 explains
how current conditions for the entities are viewed from the Current Conditions
window.
“How to Manually Change an Individual Condition’s Severity” on p. 375 provides
information about setting severities manually. The severity of each condition for
each entity can be user-defined.
“Changing Condition Severities with an Alarm Profile” on p. 377 provides information about setting severities by using an alarm profile. Alarm profiles can be
exported and imported to other NEs.
“How to Set the Timer for the Fault Cause Persistency Filter” on p. 386
describes how to change the fault cause persistency filter timer. This is normally
not necessary to change.
In some situations it is desirable to disable reporting of one or more conditions
from the NE in order to inhibit a specific alarm.
For more details about Fault Management, see the FSP 3000R7 Detailed System Description.
How to View Current Conditions for a Single Entity or
NE
This instruction describes how to view current conditions for an entity or a network element.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Information pane displays.
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“How to Manually Change an Individual Condition’s Severity” on p. 375 explains
how the Element Manager provides a history of events on a per NE basis.
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Step 2
Select the entity or NE you want to view parameters for in the Entities
pane.
In response, all available information about the entity or NE is displayed in the Parameters pane.
Step 3
Select the Fault tab in the Parameters pane.
In response all conditions for the selected entity or NE are displayed.
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In the Current Conditions section the list of current conditions is displayed.
End of Procedure
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Monitoring Faults
How to View Current Conditions for All Entities in an
NE
This instruction describes how to view currents conditions for all entities in an
NE.
The data can be exported to both the XML and CSV format. Opening the
exported file requires that the local regional settings for date and time on the
computer you are using are the same as were used when the XML/CSV file was
created. Otherwise the fault timestamps may be converted incorrectly. Date and
time data is stored internally in the XML/CSV file in the following format:
yyyy-mm-dd and hh:mm:ss:xxx, where xxx indicates three digits for milli-seconds.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Fault -> Current Conditions.
The Counters section gives a summary of how many conditions there are, of
each severity type. The total number of conditions is displayed under the table
of conditions.
The table of conditions are displayed, using the following columns:
Column Name
Description
Severity
This column shows the condition severity. The
severities are described in Table 10.
This column shows the date and time that the
event occurred on the NE. Note that the sequence
that events occur in and the sequence that events
are logged in may be different.
This column shows the name of the condition.
This column shows from which entity the event
originates, using the AID address to identify it.
This column shows whether the condition is
service affecting or not.
Time
Condition
Location
Service Affecting
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In response, the Current Conditions window appears.
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
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Step 3
Customize which conditions to display in the Current Conditions table
as follows:
• Display only conditions of a specific severity by using the Severity
drop-down list in the Filter section.
• Display only conditions originating from a specific piece of equipment, for example a module. Use the Equipment drop-down list in
the Filter section.
• Sort the table based on a column, by clicking the column title.
This toggles between ascending and descending display.
•
Adjust the column widths to match the content by clicking the
icon and selecting Pack All Columns or Pack Selected Column from
the list that appears.
•
Turn off display of a column by clicking the
icon and selecting
the column name from the list that appears. A check mark indicates that the column will be displayed.
•
Turn on display of a horizontal scroll bar by clicking the
icon
and selecting Horizontal Scroll from the list that appears. A check
mark indicates that the horizontal scroll bar will be displayed.
Step 4
If appropriate you can:
• Select Print to print the Event Log.
• Select Save to save the Event Log as a comma separated file.
• Select Refresh to refresh the list an get the newest information.
Step 5
Select Close to finish viewing the Event Log.
End of Procedure
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How to View the Event Log
This instruction describes how to view the event log for an NE.
The event log can be exported to both the XML and CSV format. Opening the
exported file requires that the local regional settings for date and time on the
computer you are using are the same as were used when the XML/CSV file was
created. Otherwise the fault timestamps may be converted incorrectly. Date and
time data is stored internally in the XML/CSV file in the following format:
yyyy-mm-dd and hh:mm:ss:xxx, where xxx indicates three digits for milli-seconds.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Fault -> Event Log
Column Name
Description
Id
This field shows the sequential number the NE
assigns to each event when it is logged on the NE.
This field shows the event severity. Events that
are alarms use the severities described in
Table 10. All other events have severity
“Information”.
This field shows the date and time that the event
occurred on the NE. Note that the sequence that
events occur in and the sequence that events are
logged in may be different.
This field shows from which entity the event
originates, using the AID address to identify it.
This field gives a description of the event.
Severity
Date/Time
Source
Description
Step 3
374
If appropriate you can:
• Select Clear to erase the current Event Log and start afresh.
• Select Print to print the Event Log.
• Select Save to save the Event Log as a comma separated file.
• Select Refresh to refresh the list an get the newest information.
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In response, the Event Log window appears.
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Step 4
Select Close to finish viewing the Event Log.
End of Procedure
How to Manually Change an Individual Condition’s
Severity
This instruction describes how to manually change the severity for a current
condition on an entity or an NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the NE Pane.
In response, the Information pane displays.
Step 2
Select the entity or NE to view parameters for in the Entity pane.
In response, all available information about the entity or NE is displayed in the Parameters pane.
Step 3
Select the Fault tab in the Parameters pane.
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In response all conditions for the selected entity or NE are displayed.
In the Severities section, each condition that is relevant for this entity
or NE is displayed in the Condition column. The belonging severity is
displayed in the Severity column.
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Step 4
Select the Modify button.
In response, the Modify Severities window appears.
Step 5
For the condition you want to change severity for, click the condition
in the Severity column. From the list that appears, select the new
severity.
Step 6
Select OK to apply the new severity, or Cancel to discard it.
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End of Procedure
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Changing Condition Severities with an Alarm Profile
The default assigned severity for a condition type can be changed for all entities
to which it is applicable, by applying an alarm profile. An alarm profile can be
used in combination with changing the severity manually for a condition on an
entity. The last applied change, either by alarm profile application or individual
change, is the one that has effect.
Initially the alarm profile contains all conditions, with severity set to Default. This
setting indicates that the factory default severity setting shall be used. This
alarm profile will have no effect on existing or future conditions if applied.
Only severity settings with a value different from Default in the alarm profile will
have effect on future and existing conditions. Thus, conditions which you wish to
change severities for manually, should be left at the factory default values.
Changing a condition’s setting in the alarm profile from a specific value back to
Default effectively “removes” it from the alarm profile. The severity of an existing
condition of this type will not be changed. Future conditions of this type will however have the factory default severity, unless a manual severity change has
been made. This behavior secures that any manual severity change for this condition is not overwritten by the alarm profile.
Thus the severities in the system are the default defined ones unless one has
changed the severity for a condition manually, or applied an alarm profile.
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The alarm profile resides together with the data base, and is backed-up together
with the data base when a data-base backup is done. An alarm profile created
on one NE, can be exported, stored, and imported to another NE, and applied to
that NE.
This section describes how to create, modify, reset, export and import an alarm
profile. The following topics are provided:
“How to Modify the Alarm Profile” on p. 377
“How to Reset an Alarm Profile” on p. 380
“How to Export an Alarm Profile” on p. 381
“How to Import a Alarm Profile” on p. 383
How to Modify the Alarm Profile
Initially the alarm profile contains all conditions, with severity set to Default. This
setting indicates that the factory default severity setting shall be used. This
alarm profile will have no effect on existing or future conditions if applied.
To create a meaningful alarm profile, you must select each condition type that
you wish to change the severity for, and change the severity value from Default
to the new value. There are a large amount of conditions in the system, and to
make it easier to navigate to the relevant conditions, they are sorted according
to which entity type they are relevant for. These entity types are classified by
their access identifier (AID) alike mnemonics. For example: EQPT contains all
conditions related to equipment, while CH contains all conditions related to
channel entities.
The content of the alarm profile has effect on all future conditions immediately
after a condition is entered into the alarm profile (its severity is set different from
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Default). The content of an alarm profile can also be applied to the existing conditions in the system, if relevant.
If you wish to start from scratch with an empty alarm profile file instead of modifying an existing one, go to 6.1.5.2 “How to Reset an Alarm Profile”, p. 156.
This instruction describes how to create an alarm profile on the NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the NE Pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Fault -> Alarm Profile.
Step 3
Use the AID Type drop-down list to select the relevant group of conditions to display in order to find the condition you wish to change
severity for.
Step 4
Browse the list until you find the relevant condition, and select it.
Step 5
There are two ways of changing the condition’s severity:
• To follow the quickest way of modifying the severity, go to Step 6
• To follow the standard way of modifying an item, go to Step 10
Step 6
Right-click the severity for this condition in the Severity column.
In response a drop-down menu appears with the item Set Severity in
it.
Step 7
Move the mouse pointer over the Set Severity item, and the available
severities appear.
Step 8
Select the relevant severity by clicking it.
In response the progress of the entry to the alarm profile is shown in
the lower, left corner of the Alarm Profile window.
Step 9
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Continue from Step 14.
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In response, the Alarm Profile window appears, with the Active Profile
tab active.
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Step 10
Select Modify to change the severity.
In response the Modify Alarm Profile Severities window appears.
Step 11
The condition you selected in Step 4 is already selected. If you happened to have made the wrong selection, you can select a different
condition now.
Step 12
Click the displayed severity for the selected condition, and select a
new severity from the drop-down list that appears.
Step 13
Select OK to apply the new severity value.
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In response the Modify Alarm Profile Severities window is closed, and
the progress of the entry to the alarm profile is shown in the lower, left
corner of the Alarm Profile window.
Step 14
Ensure that your change is visible in the Alarm Profile window. If it is
not visible: Select Refresh to update the content of the Alarm Profile
window.
Step 15
Repeat Step 3 through Step 14 for each condition that you wish to
change the severity for by using the alarm profile.
Step 16
If you wish to apply the alarm profile to all existing conditions in the
NE: Select Severity Re-synch.
You can check that the alarm profile had effect on existing conditions
by looking at the list of current conditions for the NE, see “How to
View Current Conditions for All Entities in an NE” on p. 372 for guidance.
End of Procedure
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How to Reset an Alarm Profile
Initially the alarm profile contains all conditions, with severity set to Default. This
setting indicates that the factory default severity setting shall be used. This
alarm profile will have no effect on existing or future conditions if applied.
To create a meaningful alarm profile, you must select each condition type that
you wish to change the severity for, and change the severity value from Default
to the new value.
If you wish to erase all changes you have made to the alarm profile, you can
reset the alarm profile to its initial state. This means that the alarm profile no
longer has any effect on the existing and future conditions.
This instruction describes how to reset the alarm profile to its initial state.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the NE Pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Fault -> Alarm Profile.
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Step 3
Consider whether it makes sense to backup the existing alarm profile
before resetting it. See “How to Export an Alarm Profile” on p. 381 for
guidance.
Step 4
Select the Manage Profiles tab.
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In response, the Alarm Profile window appears, with the Active Profile
tab active.
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Step 5
Select Reset to Factory Default in the Active alarm profile section.
In response a warning window appears.
Step 6
Every setting in the existing alarm profile will be erased. Select Yes to
continue the reset, or No to stop it.
In response:
•
•
The alarm profile file will be reset to factory defaults, that is, all
severity entries are erased by setting them back to be Default.
The activation date and time for the alarm profile will be updated,
since this is equivalent to importing a new alarm profile. This can
be seen by the activation date in the Active alarm profile section.
End of Procedure
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How to Export an Alarm Profile
An alarm profile can be exported from one NE, and imported to each other NE in
the network. This allows you to apply the same severity changes to all NEs in a
network. It is not necessary to export an alarm profile in order to back it up.
Alarm profiles are part of the data base and are thus backed up when a data
base back-up is done.
This instruction describes how to export an alarm profile to an external storage
place.
Procedure
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Step 1
Ensure that you have access to a remote file server that the NE can
reach.
Step 2
Double-click the NE in the Managed Elements pane.
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Step 3
From the Main Menu, select Fault -> Alarm Profile.
In response, the Alarm Profile window appears, with the Active Profile
tab active.
Select the Manage Profiles tab.
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Step 4
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Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Step 5
Select Backup to move a copy of the alarm profile file to the file download area of the NE.
In response a warning window appears.
Step 6
Select Yes to start the backup.
In response the progress of the copying is displayed in the lower, left
corner of the Manage Profiles tab.
Step 7
Step 8
Select the alarm profile that now is in the NE File Area list. The file
name has the extension ALP, and is built up by the following elements: F7, software package version number, date (yymmdd), time
(hhmm), NE IP address. For example:
F7008020_080905_1246_192_168_165_195.ALP
Download the alarm profile file to a remote file server by selecting the
Download button and entering the required information. See “How to
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Download Files to the NE” on p. 453 for guidance on using this window.
Step 9
If required, move the alarm profile from the remote file server to a safe
storage place, so you later can import it to other NEs.
End of Procedure
How to Import a Alarm Profile
An alarm profile can be exported from one NE, and imported to each other NE in
the network. This allows you to apply the same severity changes to all NEs in a
network.
This instruction describes how to import an alarm profile to an NE, and activate
it.
Procedure
User Manual
Step 1
Move the file that you wish to import to a remote file server that the
NE can reach.
Step 2
Double-click the NE in the Managed Elements pane.
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Monitoring Faults
Step 3
From the Main Menu, select Fault -> Alarm Profile.
Step 4
Select the Manage Profiles tab.
Step 5
Select Download to move a copy of the alarm profile file from the
remote file server to the file download area of the NE. See “How to
Download Files to the NE” on p. 453 for guidance.
When the download is complete, the alarm profile will appear in the
NE File Area list.
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In response, the Alarm Profile window appears, with the Active Profile
tab active.
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Step 6
Select the correct alarm profile file in the NE File Area list.
The file name has the extension ALP, and is built up by the following
elements: F7, software package version number, date (yymmdd),
time (hhmm), NE IP address. For example:
F7008020_080905_1246_192_168_165_195.ALP
The version number and creation date can in addition to the file name
be used to identify the correct version.
Step 7
Transfer the alarm profile into the standby file area on the NE by
selecting Install.
In response a warning window appears.
Step 8
Select Yes to start the transfer.
In response the progress of the transfer is displayed in the lower, left
corner of the Manage Profiles tab.
Step 9
Ensure that the alarm profile now is present in the Standby alarm pro-
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file section.
Step 10
Make the alarm profile in the standby area active in the active area by
selecting Activate.
Only alarm profiles that are in the Active area are active.
In response a warning window appears.
Step 11
Select Yes to start the transfer.
Step 12
In response the progress of the transfer is displayed in the lower, left
corner of the Manage Profiles tab.
Step 13
Ensure that the alarm profile now can be seen in the Active alarm profile section.
The alarm profile has now been imported and activated on the NE.
Download the alarm profile file to a remote file server by selecting the
Download button and entering the required information. See “How to
Download Files to the NE” on p. 453 for guidance on using this window.
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Step 14
If required, move the alarm profile from the remote file server to a safe
storage place, so you later can import it to other NEs.
End of Procedure
How to Set the Timer for the Fault Cause Persistency
Filter
This instruction describes how to configure the activation and deactivation times
of the fault cause persistency filter (FCPF). However, normally it is not necessary to change the factory default values.
The FCPF raises alarms only after being present for a configurable amount of
time (Alarm Activation Time). It clears them only after they are gone for the configured amount of time (Alarm Deactivation Time). These configurable FCPF
soak periods will take effect system wide, i.e. concerning all modules of that NE.
It becomes effective for all modules within 60 seconds but is non-service affecting (NSA).
To be able to reconstruct actions on system wide parameters, changes to these
soak periods will be recorded in the database change log.
The frequency of a single alarm event shall not be higher than 1 second, i.e. the
sum of activation and deactivation times shall always be > 1 second in order to
prevent toggling alarms.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Information pane displays.
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Requirements:
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Step 2
Select the System tab in the Parameters pane.
In response, all available information about the system is displayed in
the System pane.
Step 3
Select the Modify button.
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In response, the Modify Operation window appears.
Step 4
Enter the new alarm activation time in the Alarm Activation Time field.
The alarm activation time is configurable between 0 - 10 seconds with
granularity of 500 ms. The default value for the alarm activation time
is 2.5 seconds.
Step 5
Enter the new alarm de-activation time in the Alarm Deactivation Time
field.
The alarm de-activation time is configurable between 0 - 10 seconds
with granularity of 500 ms. The default value for the alarm activation
time is 10 seconds.
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Monitoring Performance
Step 6
Select OK to apply the changes, or Cancel to discard them.
End of Procedure
Monitoring Performance
In addition, the FSP3000R7 provides instant measurements of some physical
layer parameters that are not logged in records. They are thus only viewable as
instantaneous measurements.
A detailed description of performance management in the FSP3000R7 can be
found in the FSP3000R7 Detailed System Description. This includes information
about which performance parameters are monitored for each layer and each
module, descriptions of each performance parameter and a detailed description
of what information is logged in the records. Information about Threshold Crossing Alerts (TCAs) can also be found in the FSP3000R7 Detailed System
Description.
Performance monitoring is available for all active modules. However, the different types of performance monitoring are not available for all modules.
The following topics are provided:
“How to View Channel Performance per NE” on p. 389
“How to View Single Channel Performance” on p. 390
“How to View ROADM Performance” on p. 392
“How to View Reconfigurable Filter Performance” on p. 395
“How to Reset Performance Records” on p. 398
“How to Print Historic Performance Records” on p. 399
“How to Export Historic Performance Records” on p. 400
“How to View Physical Layer Measurements” on p. 400
“How to View Physical Layer Measurements” on p. 400
“How to View Thresholds for Threshold Crossing Alerts” on p. 402
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The FSP3000R7 supports monitoring of performance at the physical layer for
modules and ports, and at the data layer for ports and services. The results of
the monitoring are logged in records with recording intervals of 15 minutes, 24
hours or 1 week for physical layer monitoring and in intervals of 15 minutes and
24 hours for data layer monitoring. The Network Element stores the last
ninety-six 15 minutes records, thirty-one 24 hours records and fifty-two 1 week
records, representing a 1 day, 1 month and 1 year history respectively. Element
Manager provides thresholds that can be set for physical layer performance
measurements, so that an alert (Threshold Crossing Alert) is generated in the
case a performance measurement crosses this threshold (see “How to Configure TCA Thresholds” on p. 321). This functionality is an aid for the person
responsible for monitoring performance.
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
How to View Channel Performance per NE
This instruction describes how to view instantaneous measurements and performance records for all channels in an NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane hierarchical list.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Performance -> Performance Data.
In response, the Performance Data window will appear.
Step 3
Select which channel to view performance data for, by using the Monitoring Point drop-down list.
The drop-down list is populated from the provisioned channels. Channels are identified by their AID address.
Step 4
Select which type of performance data to view, by using the Monitoring Type drop-down list. The available options in this list depend on
what is selected for Monitoring Point.
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In response, the performance records for the selected monitoring
point and type are displayed in the Performance Data window. The
options and sections that appear in this window, depend on whether
you are monitoring performance at the physical or data layer.
Step 5
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Select the relevant Intervals radio button to specify which interval you
want to view records for. Depending on the selected Monitoring Type,
this can be 15 minutes or 24 hours for data layer monitoring and 15
minutes, 24 hours or 1 week for physical layer monitoring.
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Step 6
Select from the following:
• For data layer monitoring: expand the Current Record section to
view the current records for this performance data type and
expand the Threshold section to view thresholds for the counters.
• For physical layer monitoring: expand the Current section to view
the high and low threshold values and current value.
The counters and thresholds are described in the
FSP 3000R7Detailed System Description.
Step 7
To view the historic records for this performance data type, expand
the History Record section.
Step 8
To view the historic records in a table, select the Table tab in the History Records section.
This section then displays a table, where each row represents a
record of performance counters. Each column contains a performance counter. In addition there is a column that indicates the validity
of each record.
The counters and thresholds are described in the
FSP 3000R7Detailed System Description.
Step 9
To view the historic records in a chart, select the Chart tab in the HisThis section then displays a chart, with one colored line for each performance counter. A maximum of 16 records are shown in the chart
view. The time and height of the records is indicated along the relevant axis.
The counters and thresholds are described in the
FSP 3000R7Detailed System Description.
Step 10
The information in the Performance Data window is not automatically
updated. In order to update it: Select the Refresh button.
Step 11
To conclude viewing performance records, select Close.
End of Procedure
How to View Single Channel Performance
This instruction describes how to view instantaneous measurements and performance records for one single channel.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant channel in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameters pane.
Step 2
Select the Monitoring tab in the Parameters pane.
In response all monitored data is displayed.
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tory Records section.
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Step 3
Select which type of performance data to view, by using the Monitoring Type drop-down list. The available options in this list depend on
which channel you selected in Step 1.
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In response, the performance records for the selected monitoring
point and type are displayed. The options and sections that appear in
this window, depend on whether you are monitoring performance at
the physical or data layer.
Step 4
In the History section, select the relevant Intervals radio button to
specify which interval you want to view records for. Depending on the
selected Monitoring Type, this can be 15 minutes or 24 hours for data
layer monitoring and 15 minutes, 24 hours or 1 week for physical
layer monitoring.
Step 5
Make a decision:
• For data layer monitoring: expand the Current Record section to
view the current records for this performance data type and
expand the Threshold section to view thresholds for the counters.
• For physical layer monitoring: expand the Current section to view
the high and low threshold values and current values.
The counters and thresholds are described in the
FSP 3000R7Detailed System Description.
Step 6
To view the historic records for this performance data type, expand
the History Record section.
Step 7
To view the historic records in a table, select the Table tab in the History Records section.
This section then displays a table, where each row represents a
record of performance counters. Each column contains a performance counter. In addition there is a column that indicates the validity
of each record.
The performance counters are described in the FSP 3000R7Detailed
System Description.
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Monitoring Performance
Step 8
To view the historic records in a chart, select the Chart tab in the History Records section.
This section then displays a chart, with one colored line for each performance counter. A maximum of 16 records are shown in the chart
view. The time and height of the records is indicated along the relevant axis.
The performance counters are described in the FSP 3000R7Detailed
System Description
Step 9
The information in the Monitoring tab is not automatically updated. In
order to update it: Select the Refresh button.
Step 10
To conclude viewing performance records, select Close.
End of Procedure
How to View ROADM Performance
Procedure
Step 1
Right-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane and select
ROADM Performance Data.
In response the ROADM Performance Data window appears.
Step 2
392
Make a decision:
• To view performance data for the ports of a ROADM module:
Select the Port PMs tab, and continue from Step 3.
• To view performance data for the network side channels (VCHs)
of a ROADM module: Select the Channel PMs tab.
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This instruction describes how to view instantaneous measurements of optical
transmit and receive power for the ROADM network channels and associated
VCHs. This provides the operator with an overview for monitoring channel
power in the Network Element.
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Step 3
Select which ROADM module to display by using the ROADM Module
drop-down list.
For example ROADM of type ROADM-C80 in shelf 1, slot 6, where
this is ROADM number 1: MOD-1-6, ROADM-C70, #1.
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The window displays the following information:
Column Name
Description
AID
This column shows the AID of the port, the syntax
is OM-<shelf>-<slot>-<Client|Network|Upgrade>
This field shows the admin state of the port. Only
ports that are In Service may be used to create a
cross-connection.severity.
This field shows the item that is being measured.
This field shows the measured value. The value is
updated when you select Refresh.
Admin State
Monitoring Type
Current
Step 4
Select which ROADM module to display by using the ROADM Module
drop-down list.
For example ROADM of type ROADM-C80 in shelf 1, slot 6, where
this is ROADM number 1: MOD-1-6, ROADM-C70, #1.
Step 5
Select which channels to view measurements for by using the Channels drop-down list. The options are:
•
•
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All, which results all channels being listed, regardless of whether
they are used in a cross-connection or not.
In Service, which results in only channels which are used in
cross-connections that are enabled being listed. An enabled
cross-connection has administrative state In Service.
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Step 6
Select the performance item that you wish to view measurements for
by using the Monitoring Type drop-down list.
In response, the specified items are displayed.
Column Name
Description
AID
This column shows the AID of the port, the syntax
is OM-<shelf>-<slot>-<Client|Network|Upgrade>
This column shows the frequency of the channel.
This field shows the admin state of the
cross-connection that uses this channel. The
value UAS indicates that no cross-connection
using this channel exists. In Service indicates that
the cross-connection is active, allowing traffic to
flow through.
This field shows the channel spacing that is used
for each channel, either 50 GHz or 100 GHz
spacing.
This field shows the configured setpoint for this
channel.
This field shows the measured power level for the
channel.
Frequency
CRS Admin State
Channel Spacing
Setpoint
Current
Step 7
The information in the window is not automatically updated. In order
to update it: Select the Refresh button.
Step 8
To conclude viewing performance records, select Close.
End of Procedure
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The window displays the following information:
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
How to View Reconfigurable Filter Performance
This instruction describes how to view optical power monitoring performance for
the ports on the reconfigurable filters, and how to view information of which
channels are provisioned on which ports.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE in the NE pane.
Step 2
Select Performance -> Reconfigurable Filters.
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In response the Reconfigurable Filters table appears.
Step 3
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Determine the port that a particular channel is provisioned on by
selecting the Channel tab.
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Step 4
Use the Filter Group/ROADM Number drop-down list to select the relevant filter group to display channels for.
This list contains all of the supported filter groups (“#1” – “#8”) with the
number of CCM modules in the filter group in parenthesis. For example: “#1 (3 modules)”.
In response the channel table fills up.
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Column Name
Description
Frequency [THz]
AID
This shows the frequency of the channel in Terahertz.
This is the access identifier of the corresponding filter
module port that carries the channel.
Step 5
Make a note of the AID for the relevant channel.
Step 6
Select the Port tab.
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The following information is displayed for each channel.
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Step 7
Based on the port AID you found in Step 5, use the Module drop-down
list to select the corresponding filter module.
In response, the Reconfigurable Filters table is updated with the
power monitoring information of all the ports on this module.
The following information is displayed for each table entry:
Column Name
Description
AID
This is the access identifier of the port entity used by
the corresponding filter module.
This shows the administrative state of the relevant
port.
This indicates whether the entry is transmit optical
power (Tx) or receive optical power (Rx).
This indicates the number of channels provisioned to
carry traffic on the port but does not count channels
provisioned on the disabled (DSBLD) client ports.
This is the target optical transmit power of the channel
and is set to achieve the desired launch power for the
connected channel module. The optimal setpoint is
determined by the corresponding channel module’s
receive power range.
This is the current optical power measurement for the
port.
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Admin State
Monitoring Type
Active Channels
Setpoint [dBm]
Current [dBm]
Step 8
Use the Refresh button to update the table.
Step 9
Select Close to return to the main menu.
End of Procedure
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How to Reset Performance Records
After provisioning an entity for which data-layer performance monitoring is performed, the data-layer performance records should be reset, so as not to
include counting during the provisioning period.
This instruction describes how to reset data-layer performance records.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant entity in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameters pane.
Step 2
Select the Monitoring tab in the Parameters pane.
In response all monitored data is displayed.
Step 3
Select which type of data-layer performance records to view, by using
the Monitoring Type drop-down list. The available options in this list
depend on which entity you selected in Step 1.
Step 4
Select Reset.
In response the Modify window appears.
Step 5
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Use the Data-layer PM reset drop-down list to specify either:
• A reset of only the current records for this entity, by selecting the
Current only option.
• A reset of both current and historic records for this entity, by
selecting the Current + historic option.
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In response, the performance records for the selected monitoring
point and type are displayed.
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Step 6
Select OK to start the reset.
End of Procedure
How to Print Historic Performance Records
This instruction describes how to print a performance record.
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Display the relevant performance record, as described in “How to
View Channel Performance per NE” on p. 389, or “How to View Single
Channel Performance” on p. 390.
If you wish to print a table of records: Select the Table tab in the History section.
Step 3
If you wish to print a chart of records: Select the Chart tab in the History section.
Step 4
Select the Print button.
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In response, the Print window appears.
Step 5
Specify the printer to use and configure the printer properties as
appropriate, then print.
Step 6
Select Close to finish.
End of Procedure
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How to Export Historic Performance Records
This instruction describes how to export a performance record.
Procedure
Step 1
Step 2
Display the relevant performance record, as described in “How to
View Channel Performance per NE” on p. 389 or “How to View Single
Channel Performance” on p. 390.
If you wish to export a table of records: Select the Table tab in the History section.
Step 3
If you wish to export a chart of records: Select the Chart tab in the History section.
Step 4
Select the Save button.
In response, the Save window appears.
Step 5
Specify a name for the file and a location, then export.
End of Procedure
This instruction describes how to view measurements at the physical layer for a
single entity.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant module or pluggable transceiver in the Entities
pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameters pane.
Step 2
Select the Monitoring tab in the Parameters pane.
In response all monitored data is displayed.
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How to View Physical Layer Measurements
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Step 3
To view the physical layer measurements, expand the Monitoring section.
The displayed measurement types are described in the FSP3000R7
Provisioning and Operations Manual.
Step 4
The information in the Performance Data window is not automatically
updated. In order to update it: Select the Refresh button.
End of Procedure
How to View Optical Power Reference Values
This instruction describes how to view the stored optical power reference values
for a port.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant port in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the port is displayed in the
Parameters pane.
Step 2
Select the Monitoring tab in the Parameters pane.
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In response all monitored data is displayed.
Step 3
Use the Monitoring Type drop-down list to select the optical power reference item to view the value for,
For example, select Optical Power Rx.
Step 4
In the History Records section, select the Reference radio button from
the Intervals area.
In response, the stored reference values for this port are displayed in
the table.
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Monitoring Performance
Step 5
The information in the window is not automatically updated. In order
to update it: Select the Refresh button.
End of Procedure
How to View Thresholds for Threshold Crossing
Alerts
This instruction describes how to view the thresholds that are used to create
Threshold Crossing Alerts (TCAs) for a single entity.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant module or pluggable transceiver in the Entities
pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameters pane.
Step 2
Select the Monitoring tab in the Parameters pane.
Step 3
To view the thresholds that are applied to the physical measurements
to create threshold crossing alerts, expand the Thresholds section.
Step 4
The information in the Performance Data window is not automatically
updated. In order to update it: Select the Refresh button.
End of Procedure
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In response all monitored data is displayed.
Chapter 5 Monitoring NEs
Monitoring States
Each entity has an administrative state, which shows whether the entity is prepared for traffic or not. The operational state shows the actual state of the entity.
See “Description of States” on p. 465 for a full description of all the states for
FSP3000R7.
The following topics are provided:
“How to View States for an Entity” on p. 403
“How to View States for an NE” on p. 404
How to View States for an Entity
This instruction describes how to view states for a single entity.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant entity in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameters pane.
Step 2
Select the State tab in the Parameters pane.
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In response the states for the entity is displayed.
Step 3
The information in this tab is not automatically updated. In order to
update it: Select the Refresh button.
End of Procedure
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Monitoring States
How to View States for an NE
This instruction describes how to view states for all entities in an NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> State Summary.
In each row, the states for one entity are displayed. There is one column for each state and secondary state.
The rows can be expanded and collapsed.
Step 3
The information in this window is not automatically updated. In order
to update it: Select the Refresh button.
Step 4
Select Close to finish viewing states.
End of Procedure
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In response, the State Summary window appears.
Chapter 6
Maintaining NEs
This section contains instructions on how to maintain software on Network Elements as well as how to back up and restore the Network Element configurations in the internal database.
The following topics are provided:
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About Software and Database Files, which describes software and database
files and how updating of these is handled on the Network Element.
Backing Up and Restoring the Database, which contains the instructions for
backing up and restoring the configuration database.
Updating NE Software in a Network, which describes how to update application
software and FWP for all NEs in a network.
Updating NE Software in a GNE-based Network, which describes how to update
application software and FWP for all NEs in a GNE based network.
Updating Firmware Packages in an NE, which contains instructions for updating
FWP on an NE.
Transferring Files To/From the NE, which describes how to transfer software
package files, database backup files or alarm profile files by downloading or
uploading them.
Rebooting, which describes how to reboot the NE and how to make a cold and
warm start of a module.
About FTP and SCP, which gives a brief overview of what the FTP protocol is,
as well as an example, top-level instruction for moving the necessary files to
and from an FTP server.
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About Software and Database Files
About Software and Database Files
This section gives background information about how NE software packages
and database files are handled on the network element.
The following sections are provided:
“The Software Package” on p. 406
“Handling of Files” on p. 408
“Software and Database Compatibility” on p. 409
“Software Downgrade and Switchback” on p. 409
“NE Software Version versus File Names” on p. 411
The Software Package
Figure 23:
Software Package
The NE software is a package containing the following files:
•
The configuration file. This file is interpreted for the correct transferal of all
required software. It is named F70XXYYZ.CON and contains the following
information:
o
o
o
•
406
the names of the NE software files with their version number and size
the names of all firmware package (FWP) files in the FWP set and the
FWP version
the type of NCU that each FWP is supported by.
The NCU software files. The NCU software is the part of the NE software
that runs on the NCU. It includes the Linux operating system and environment and the FSP 3000R7 applications. Each NCU type supports a different
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The NE software is the complete software load for the NE. It is a software
generic and contains all code that runs on an NE. The NE software version number is equal to the release number. The release number syntax is XX.YY.Z. The
XX and YY represent numbers between 1 and 99, and are increased for major
and minor releases, respectively. Z is increased for maintenance releases and
can be a number from 1 to 9 or a letter from A to Z. It starts with 1 and continues
into letters in alphabetical sequence, if necessary.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
set of modules. To save space and to avoid overloading the NCUs, two software files are provided.The NCU software files are named as follows:
o
o
•
The firmware package (FWP) set files.The FWP set contains the individual
FWPs for all modules that are supported by the NE software, except encryption modules. Each FWP is the software that runs on a particular module
type. It contains code for all processors on the module as well as FPGA
code. The user can select which FWP to activate on the individual modules.
Each NCU type supports a different set of modules. To save space and to
avoid overloading the NCUs, two FWP files are provided. The FWP set files
are named as follows:
o
o
•
H70XXYYZ.PGM for the NCU-II
O70XXYYZ.PGM for all other NCU types
S70XXYYZ.PGM for the NCU-II
T70XXYYZ.PGM for all other NCU types
The firmware package (FWP) set files for encryption modules. These files
are not included in the regular software package. These FWP files are made
available through the Customer Portal at http://www.advaoptical.com/ and
they are only retrievable for those customers who have ordered encryption
hardware modules. The FWP set file is named as follows:
C70XXYYZ.PGM
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o
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About Software and Database Files
Handling of Files
The NE software and database files are stored in two areas on the NCU: in the
active and in the standby area.
Overview of Software and Database File Handling
The NE software in the active or standby area consists of one NCU software file,
the FWP files for each module type, and the configuration file. In addition, the
active or standby area contains a database framework with default values.
These files all originate from an NE software package. The database file in the
active area contains the current configuration of the running system. The
standby area originates from the default factory installation or from a restoration
of a backed up database.
The active area contains the files that are currently used by the NE. The standby
area is used to prepare a change in software and/or database versions by
installing the new file versions to the standby area. The NE starts using the new
versions when the contents of the standby area are activated, which means that
the standby area becomes the active area, and the active area becomes the
standby area. Thus, the previously active version is contained in the standby
area until a different file version is installed in the standby area. The standby
software files and database files can be activated individually.
The file area is an intermediate storage area located on a RAM disk (RDISK) on
the NCU, and is cleared on reboot. It is used to download software and database files from external storage to the NE, and to upload backup database files
to external storage.
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Figure 24:
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Downloading and uploading files may be done using File Transfer Protocol
(FTP) or Secure Copy (SCP). SCP uses Secure Socket Layer (SSH). NEs with
an NCU including a 1 GB CompactFlash (CF) installed have an FTP and SSH
server on board. The NCU-II is an example of this. For all other NEs, an external
FTP or SSH server is required to upload files to the NE. An external FTP server
must support passive FTP mode.
Database backup files can alternatively be stored in a file area on the SCU, and
restored from this area on the SCU. This requires an SCU with hardware revision 2.01 or higher.
Software and Database Compatibility
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The NE software and database that shall be activated on an NE must have the
same version. When a software update is performed, which is a valid update
path, the version of the database is automatically updated to the version of the
NE software. Otherwise, a situation in which functionality of the software is not
supported by the database could arise, and vice versa. Services could be
affected by this.
In order to prevent a database from making service affecting (SA) changes to
the installed modules, the NCU detects when it is inserted into a new network
element, as well as when a new CompactFlash (CF) has been inserted. It then
switches to an auxiliary database. This auxiliary database functions as a security mechanism, in which the settings of the equipment are not altered by it. It will
therefore not have an impact on a running system. The auxiliary database uses
the default IP address, and thus management contact with the NE will be lost.
You will have to be on site, and reconnect to the NE via a serial connection, to
restore contact. Refer to the FSP 3000R7 User Guide for help on fixing the problem.
Software Downgrade and Switchback
Downgrade and switchback are subject to the following:
•
Switchback to the former software is always possible after an update
(Figure 26). By switching to the formerly active database as well, all previous settings can be reused. Thus the switchback can be done without losing
connectivity or settings from the database.
•
Downgrade of software and using the database of a newer version is not
allowed (Figure 28). An auxiliary database would be created, with factory
default settings only.
•
Download and activation of an older software is possible, but the action is
not supported. It would result in the creation of an auxiliary database and
permanent loss of the database formerly located in the standby area.
Please consult ADVA Optical Networking Technical Services if you are contemplating such an action.
During activation of a software update, the first step taken by the system is to
preserve the former software database. This is done by copying the former
database to the active area and migrating its format to the new software version
in the process. The format update is necessary for the database to match the
features of the new software version. In addition, the first time a software update
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About Software and Database Files
is activated, the former software database is copied to the standby area.
Figure 25 illustrates this.
Figure 25:
NE Software Update, First-time Activation
If you decide to use the former software after already using the new software,
the former software including its database file is fully intact. In other words, after
a software update you can switch back to the former software by activating it
(activate STBY). Figure 26 illustrates this.
Switchback to Previous NE Software and Database
However, when the software versions in the Active and Standby areas are
switched, it is possible to keep the currently used database (in the Active area)
for the new software while not touching the database in the Standby area.
Figure 27 illustrates this.
Figure 27:
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NE Software Activation Keeping Current Database
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Figure 26:
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Downgrade of software and using the database of a newer version is not
allowed. An auxiliary database would be created, with factory default settings
only. Figure 28 illustrates this. Here no available compatible database can be
found and thus an auxilary database must be used.
Figure 28:
NE Software Switchback With Auxiliary Database
NE Software Version versus File Names
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For all NE software files, the XXYYZ in the file name indicates the version of that
file, and uses the same syntax as for the release number.
The release number of the NE software package is updated when the version
number of any of the other files in the NE software package is updated. Using
R9.2 as an example, the release 9.2.1 NE software package consists of the following files: F7009021.CON, H7009021.PGM, O7009021.PGM,
S7009021.PGM, and T7009021. After one maintenance NCU software update
and two FWP set updates the release number would be 9.2.4.
Backing Up and Restoring the Database
It is possible to back up the current database, and then at a later time restore the
database to an NE. Backing up the database should be done regularly, and
always as a precaution before you do any updates to software on the NE.
The backup database file can be uploaded to a remote file server for safe storage there, or it can be stored on a file area on the SCU, if the SCU has hardware
revision 2.01 or later. Since the backed up database file contains the settings for
all the NE’s IP connections, storing it on the SCU is advantageous. If there is a
problem with the current database, you may not be able to connect to the
remote file server, but it is always possible for the NCU to reach the SCU. If you
enable automatic database restore then the database backup file on the SCU
will automatically be restored to the NCU if you need to replace it.
It is possible to setup automatic database backup to the SCU or to a remote file
server.
A backup database file that was created and stored on the SCU while running
software release 9.2 or later, will not be recognized after a downgrade to an
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Backing Up and Restoring the Database
older software release. The backup database file will still be present on the
SCU, but the older software can not recognize it and therefore will not display it.
It is possible to restore a database from a source NE to a target NE. This is outside the scope of this User Manual, for information see the FSP 3000R7 Maintenance and Troubleshooting Manual.
This section contains instructions for backing up and restoring the database.The
following topics are provided:
“How to Manually Back Up the Database” on p. 413
“How to Set Up Scheduled Backup of the Database” on p. 415
“How to Restore the Database” on p. 419
“How to Enable Automatic Database Restoration” on p. 421
The above sections are supported by the following sections in Transferring Files
To/From the NE:
“How to Upload Files from the NE” on p. 448
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“How to Download Files to the NE” on p. 453
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Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
How to Manually Back Up the Database
This instruction describes how to manually back up the database, and store it
either in an external storage place, or in the file area on the SCU. If you store the
database backup file on an external storage place, you should make sure that it
is part of a regular backup plan.
Requirements
In order to store the database backup file on the SCU, the NE must have an
SCU with hardware revision 2.01 or higher. This information can be found on the
SCU’s Inventory tab in the Parameter pane.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE to back up the database for, in the Managed Elements
pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Backup/Restore.
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In response, the Backup/Restore window is displayed.
The Backup/Restore window is divided into three sections:
•
•
•
User Manual
Active software database. This section displays the filename, ver-
sion number, size and creation date for the database file that is in
the active area. In addition it displays any comment that exists for
this database file.
Standby software database. This section displays the filename,
version number, size and creation date for the database file that
is in the standby area. In addition it displays any comment that
exists for this database file.
NE File Area. This section displays the database files in the file
area. This section displays the database files of either the file
area on the NCU (RDISK) or on the SCU, in a tabular form. If you
have an SCU with hardware revision older than 2.01, it does not
support storage of a backup database file, and viewing the file
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Backing Up and Restoring the Database
area on the SCU is not possible. For each backup database file
that has been placed in the file area, either by download or by
backup, this section displays the file name, the file size and the
time the file was placed in the file area. If the backup database file
was made and stored on the SCU while running software release
9.2 or later, and the software running now is an older release, the
database file will not be visible in this section. The backup database file is however in place.
Step 3
Optionally, add a comment to the database file in the Active software
database section by selecting the Edit Comment button.
This can be useful when keeping track of this database file through
backup and restore at a later time.
Step 4
If you have an SCU installed with hardware revision 2.01 or newer,
decide from the following:
• To back up the database to the NE File Area (RDISK), select the
Backup button in the Active Software database section.
• To back up the database to the SCU, select the Backup to SCU
button in the Active Software database section.
Otherwise, if your SCU hardware is older than 2.0.1, select the
Backup button in the Active Software database section.
Step 5
Confirm that you want to back up the database by selecting Yes.
In response, the database file is copied either to the NCU’s file area or
on the SCU. Progress is shown in the lower, left corner of the
Backup/Restore window.
Step 6
Verify that the database backup file is now in the NE File Area table. If
you have an SCU installed with hardware revision 2.01 or newer, you
use the Location radio button to display either files in the RDISK area
or on the SCU.
The name of the backup file uniquely identifies the NE it belongs to.
The syntax is: F7<version number>_<date>_<time>_<IP
address>.DBS
The date and time is written in the format yymmdd_hhmm, and indicates the time the file was placed in the file area.
If the database backup file is not visible, select Refresh to update the
Backup/Restore window.
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In response, a Backup confirmation window matching your choice is
displayed.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 7
Make a decision:
• If you have backed up the database file to SCU, go to Step 12.
• If you have backed up the database file to the NE’s file area, go to
Step 8
Step 8
Everything in the file area on the NCU is deleted when the NE is
rebooted, while files stored on the SCU are not. Decide where to
upload the backup database file to, either an external storage location
or on the SCU.
Step 9
Select the newly created database backup file in the NE File Area.
Step 10
Make a note of the database backup file name, which is displayed in
the NE File Area table.
Step 11
Upload the database file from the file area to the storage place you
decided on in Step 8. Follow the description in “How to Upload Files
from the NE” on p. 448.
Step 12
Close the Backup/Restore window by selecting the Close button.
End of Procedure
How to Set Up Scheduled Backup of the Database
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This instruction describes how to set up scheduled backup of the database, with
storage of the file in one of the following places:
•
an external storage location
•
in the file area on the SCU
The file is named F70XXYYZ.DBS, where XXYYZ reflects the FSP3000R7
product release number. For example for product release R10.1.1 the file name
is F701011.DBS.
If you store the database backup file in an external storage location, you should
make sure that it is part of a regular backup plan.
PS
The date and time you define in the schedule are in the NE’s time
zone, which can be different from the Element Manager’s time zone.
Note
The schedule you set up must be enabled. This means that you may choose to
set up the schedule, but postpone enabling it.
Requirements
User Manual
•
The NE must have access to an FTP or SSH server (depending on which
method is chosen) for the backup to an external storage location.
•
In order to store the database backup file on the SCU, the NE must have an
SCU with hardware revision 2.01 or higher. This information can be found
on the SCU’s Inventory tab in the Parameter pane
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Backing Up and Restoring the Database
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE to back up the database for, in the Managed Elements
pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Automatic Backup.
Step 3
Make a choice between setting up scheduled backup of the database
to a remote file server or to the SCU.
Step 4
If you decided to set up backup to a remote server in Step 3: Enter the
following parameters to enable the NE to connect to the remote
server:
a) Select Modify in the Remote File Server Settings section.
b) Select the file transfer protocol to use from the Protocol Copy
drop-down list.
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In response, the Automatic Backup window is displayed.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
c) During a file transfer, the NE's FTP or SCP client identifies itself
with an IP address. In a bi-directional IP communication the two
IP hosts involved need to be able to reach each other. Since both
IP hosts identify each other by the IP addresses in the IP header
of the IP packets, a successful IP communication relies on the
availability of routes for these IP addresses in all the routers along
the path between the IP hosts.
Some network operators may configure their network in such a
way that only the IP range in which the System IP addresses
reside will be routed through their network. In this case it must be
made sure that the FSP 3000R7 NE uses the System IP to identify itself as the source in the IP header of packets it is sending.
If the network operator has configured his network to route the IP
range in which the IP addresses of the physical IP interfaces
reside, the default IP address as chosen by the IP stack can be
used.
Use the Own IP drop-down list to specify the IP address to use in
the IP header as follows:
• Select Default-IP if the IP address that the IP stack would
choose by default should be used (this is the IP address of
the interface through which the packet is sent).
• Select System IP if the system IP address should be used.
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d) Enter the IP address of the FTP or SSH remote server in the IP
Address field.
e) If the database backup file shall be stored in a sub-directory of the
FTP or SSH server’s root directory, enter that sub-directory in the
Path Name field. Otherwise leave this field empty.
f)
Enter the user account name for accessing the FTP or SSH file
server into the User Name field.
It depends on the remote server whether the case of this entry as
entered is taken into account before validation by the remote
server.
g) Enter the password for the user account on the FTP or SSH
server in the Password field.
It depends on the remote server whether the case of this entry as
entered is taken into account before validation by the remote
server.
h) Select OK to apply your entries, or Cancel to abort them.
Step 5
Define the schedule for backup to the SCU or a remote file server.
Do this by selecting the appropriate row in the Backup to column in the
Schedule table.
•
•
User Manual
If you decided on SCU in Step 3, select the row SCU.
If you decided on remote file server in Step 3, select the row
Remote File Server.
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Step 6
Select Modify.
In response the Schedule Remote File Server Backup or Schedule SCU
Backup window appears. This example shows the Schedule Remote
File Server Backup window.
Step 7
Define the backup schedule as follows:
b) Enter the date that the first backup shall take place in the DB Start
Date field.
The date you enter is in the NE’s time zone. Use the format year,
month and day (YY-MM-DD).
c) Enter the time that the first backup shall take place in the DB Start
Time field.
The time you enter is in the NE’s time zone. Use the format hours,
minutes and seconds (HH:MM:SS).
d) Specify whether the database backup file name shall embed a
time stamp or not by using the File Name Timestamp drop-down
list.
• Select Add Timestamp to embed a time stamp in the file
name.
• Select Omit Timestamp to omit a time stamp in the file name.
In addition to a timestamp, the NE’s IP address is embedded
using the syntax
<file name>_<YYMMDD_HHMM>_<IP address>.DBS. For
example, a backup file taken on Aug 19th 2010 at 12:15 for an
R10.1 NE with IP address 192.168.154.220 gets the name
F701011_100819_1215_192_168_165_220.DBS.
e) Enable this schedule by selecting Yes in the Enable Schedulerfield.
The schedules are by default set to No (disabled).
This field is only available when you are setting up scheduled
database backup to a remote file server. It is also only available
when you have completed the remote file server specification in
Step 4.
f)
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Select OK to apply your entries, or Cancel to abort them.
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a) Enter the interval between each backup in the Schedule DB Interval field.
The interval options are one to six days, each week or every second week.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 8
You can check the date that the next backup will take place in the
Next backup column of the table in the Schedule section.
The content of this table is not automatically updated, select Refresh
to update it if necessary.
Step 9
Close the Automatic Backup window by selecting the Close button.
End of Procedure
How to Restore the Database
This instruction describes how to restore the database from its storage place.
This involves placing the backup database file into the Standby Area, and then
activating the Standby Area. When the Standby Area is activated by the database restore facility, only the database version in the Standby Area is activated,
not the software version.
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Procedure
User Manual
Step 1
Check your notes from How to Manually Back Up the Database,
Step 8 to find out whether the database backup file is stored in an
external storage place or on the SCU.
Step 2
If the database backup file is stored in an external storage place,
download the database backup file as described in “How to Download
Files to the NE” on p. 453.
Step 3
Select the NE you want to restore the database for, in the Managed
Elements pane.
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Backing Up and Restoring the Database
Step 4
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Backup/Restore.
Verify that the correct database backup file is present in the file area.
Compare with the filename you made a note of in How to Manually
Back Up the Database, Step 10. To locate the database backup file,
select one of the following:
•
•
If the database backup file is located on the SCU: Select the SCU
radio button in the NE File Area section.
If the database backup file is located on an external server: Select
the RDISK radio button in the NE File Area section.
If you need to remove old files, check the All files check box, select the
relevant file and then select Delete.
PS
If you have an SCU with hardware revision older than 2.01, it does not
support storage of a backup database file.
Note
Step 5
Select the correct database backup file in the NE File Area, and then
select the Install button.
In response, the Install dialog is displayed.
Step 6
Confirm that you want to install the database to the Standby Area, by
selecting Yes.
In response, the database file will be copied to the Standby Area.
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In response, the Backup/Restore window is displayed.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 7
Select Refresh to update the Backup/Restore window.
In response, the database file should appear in the Standby software
database section.
Step 8
Ensure that the correct database backup file now is present in the
Standby software database section.
Step 9
If the database file that is now installed in the Standby Area is
planned to be activated at a later time: Go to Step 13.
Step 10
If you wish to Activate the selected database and reboot the NE,
select the Activate button.
Step 11
Select Yes to activate the standby database.
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If the database file in the standby area is not compatible with the currently installed NE software, a database mismatch alarm will be
raised to indicate this.
Step 12
Verify that the active and standby database versions have been
updated.
You can find this information in the Backup/Restore window.
Step 13
Select the Close button to close the Backup/Restore window.
End of Procedure
How to Enable Automatic Database Restoration
When replacing an NCU, it is useful to allow the database back-up file on the
SCU to be automatically restored to the replacement NCU when this NCU is
inserted in the shelf.
This feature must be enabled before backing up the old NCU’s database and
removing the old NCU. The feature should be disabled after the new NCU is
operational. See the FSP 3000R7 Maintenance and Troubleshooting Manual for
a description of how to replace an NCU.
This instruction describes how to enable automatic restoration of a database
back-up file stored on the SCU. Automatic database restoration is disabled similarly.
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Backing Up and Restoring the Database
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant Network Element in the NE Pane.
Step 2
Select the Database tab.
In response the database related information is displayed in the
Parameter pane.
Step 3
Select the Modify button.
Step 4
Use the Enable Auto Restore drop-down list and select Enable to
enable the automatic database restoration. To disable it, select Disable.
Step 5
Select OK to apply the change, or Cancel to discard the change.
End of Procedure
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In response, the Modify window appears.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Updating NE Software in a Network
This section describes how to update all software in a network, including firmware for the modules.
For networks which use a Gateway Network Element (GNE), a different
approach must be used. In this case, see “Updating NE Software in a
GNE-based Network” on p. 435.
PS
Do not reseat the NCU during NE software installation.
Note
In the case that you have started an NE software update, but you for some reason are not able to finish the process, for example because the maintenance
time slot is too small, you need a fall-back solution. “Switching Back to Previous
NE Software Version” on p. 434 describes how to fall back to the previous NE
software and database version.
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If any NE in the network is running NCU software version previous to 7.1.0, be
aware that NCU software versions 7.1.x and later are able to handle optical
input power thresholds according to the specification of the pluggable transceivers. This leads to two effects when updating an NCU software version <7.1.0 to
7.1.5 or later:
•
If any user-defined thresholds for optical input power on client or network
facilities have been set, and they are outside the specifications: They are
reset to new default values. Otherwise, they are accepted.
•
If the existing optical input power thresholds on the client or network facilities are outside the specifications of the pluggable transceivers: They are
reset to new default values.
Requirements
•
You must have all files in the NE software package available in the same
location.
•
The NE software package must be located on a remote file server or computer where an FTP or SSH server is running which the NE can reach. The
FTP server must support passive mode.
•
A working NCU, installed in slot A of shelf 1 in the NE.
•
If the NE consists of multiple shelves, the following is required for a successful FWP update:
o
o
•
User Manual
Correctly cabled SCUs. In releases prior to Release 8.2, only chained
connections of SCUs and ROADMs were supported. Starting from
Release 8.2 ring connected SCUs and ROADMs are supported.
The plugs on the SCUs must be provisioned.
Sufficient free space in the NE’s file area. Although this area is cleared during a reboot, you may need to manually delete old files to ensure that this
requirement is met.
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Updating NE Software in a Network
•
The valid update path to R10.2 requires that the NEs are already running
R9.1.3 or later. In order to update from an older release to R9.1, follow the
update instructions in the Provisioning and Operations Manual published for
that release.
Procedure
Step 1
Select an NE in the network in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
Backup the NE database as described in “How to Manually Back Up
the Database” on p. 413.
This is a precaution in case something goes wrong when updating the
NE software.
Step 3
Install the NE software as described in “How to Install NE Software”
on p. 425.
Step 4
Activate the NE software as described in “How to Schedule Activation
of the NE Software” on p. 429.
Step 5
Update the individual firmware packages for the relevant modules/module types, as described in “Updating Firmware Packages in
an NE” on p. 435.
Step 6
Check if the equipment capability of any modules on the NE should
be increased in order to access all new features supported by the NE
software version (refer to the release notes). See “How to Change
Equipment Capabilities” on p. 364 for guidance on changing the
equipment capability.
Step 7
Backup the NE database, as described in “How to Manually Back Up
the Database” on p. 413. Store it away from the NE.
Step 8
For security reasons you may want to disable the FTP client, FTP
server or SSH server, if relevant.
Step 9
Repeat Step 1 to Step 8 for each NE in the network.
End of Procedure
The following subsections are provided:
“How to Install NE Software” on p. 425
“Activating the NE Software” on p. 428
“Switching Back to Previous NE Software Version” on p. 434
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This activation also makes the individual firmware packages (FWP)
available for installation.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
How to Install NE Software
This instruction describes how to install the NE software. This includes downloading the software files to the NE and installing them in the Standby Area. This
description also applies to installing NE software that is located in a gateway NE
(GNE) file area (RDISK) to an NE. GNE related information is provided where
necessary.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
Ensure that the FTP client is enabled. See “How to Enable/Disable
the FTP Client” on p. 241.
Step 3
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Software Control.
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In response, the Software Control start window is displayed.
The Active Software Package and Standby Software Package sections
display an overview of the NE software, NCU software and FWP set
file versions that are stored in the active and standby areas of the NE.
The syntax used is: <NE software version> (<NCU software version>,
<FWP set version>). The date and time each the software packages
where installed and activates are also displayed, as well as an
optional descriptive comment.
PS
Note
User Manual
If the NE software package version you wish to update is listed in the
STBY Program Versions (Standby) field, the NE software is already
installed and you can stop this procedure.
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Updating NE Software in a Network
Step 4
Select the Install Software Package radio button, and then select Next
to continue.
Step 5
Install the new NE software files to the Standby Area by selecting the
Install from External button.
In response, the Download window appears.
This window remembers the entries which were used the last time a
download was made to this NE.
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In response, the Install Software Package page appears.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 6
Specify which file transfer protocol to use when downloading the NE
software to the target NE. Use the Protocol drop down list.
The options are FTP or SCP. SCP is a more secure protocol. If the
SCP host is unknown, the transfer will fail. The user must therefore
ensure that the known hosts table includes the SCP host (see “How to
Configure Known Hosts” on p. 242).
If you are not familiar with FTP or SCP, see “About FTP and SCP” on
p. 459 for a brief overview.
Step 7
During a file transfer, the NE's FTP or SCP client identifies itself with
an IP address. In a bi-directional IP communication the two IP hosts
involved need to be able to reach each other. Since both IP hosts
identify each other by the IP addresses in the IP header of the IP
packets, a successful IP communication relies on the availability of
routes for these IP addresses in all the routers along the path
between the IP hosts.
Some network operators may configure their network in such a way
that only the IP range in which the System IP addresses reside will be
routed through their network. In this case it must be made sure that
the FSP 3000R7 NE uses the System IP to identify itself as the
source in the IP header of packets it is sending.
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If the network operator has configured his network to route the IP
range in which the IP addresses of the physical IP interfaces reside,
the default IP address as chosen by the IP stack can be used.
Use the Own IP drop-down list to specify the IP address to use in the
IP header as follows:
•
•
Step 8
Select Default-IP if the IP address that the IP stack would choose
by default should be used (this is the IP address of the interface
through which the packet is sent).
Select System IP if the system IP address should be used.
Specify which file to download as follows:
a) Enter the IP address of the NE software package location into the
Server field.
b) If the NE software package is located in a sub-directory of the
FTP or SSH server root directory, enter that sub-directory in the
Path Name field. Otherwise leave this field empty.
c) Enter the name of the NE software configuration file
(F70XXYYZ.CON) into the File Name field.
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Updating NE Software in a Network
Step 9
In the Login and Password fields, enter the user account name and
password to gain access to the server.
Whether the case (lower/upper) of a user name or password as
entered is taken into account depends on the remote server.
If this remote server is running on an FSP 3000R7 NE (e.g. acting as
a GNE), it will not take the case of the user name and password as
entered into account. Instead, due to TL1 standards restrictions, the
user names and passwords for accounts on an FSP 3000R7 NE are
converted to all uppercase before they are saved or validated.
For most other remote servers, account user names and passwords
are case-sensitive. Please refer to the manual of the remote server in
question.
Step 10
Select OK to start the installation, or Cancel to discard your entries
and return to the Install Software Package page.
In response to OK, the transfer and installation of the NE software
files will start. The configuration file will be transferred and interpreted. After interpretation the correct NCU software file as well as
the FWP set will be transferred and installed.
If there is little storage space left in the file area (RDISK), this can prevent a successful download. In that case, delete old files using Delete
or Delete All, in combination with using the All files check box to see all
file types.
Step 11
When the installation is complete, verify that the standby area now
contains the correct versions of the software package, software application and FWP set.
The Install Software Package page, Installed File (Standby) section will
display the versions of the software package, software application
and FWP set.
Step 12
Optionally, add a comment to the NE software file in the Installed
(Standby) section by selecting the Change Comment button and writing a comment in the Modify window that appears.
Step 13
Go back to the Software Control main page by selecting Back.
Step 14
Close the Software Control wizard by selecting Finish.
End of Procedure
Activating the NE Software
The NE software that is stored in the Standby Area can be activated manually,
or by scheduling the activation.
The following sections are provided:
How to Schedule Activation of the NE Software
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This may take up to 30 minutes, depending on your bandwidth. During the process, you will see progress messages in the bottom left
corner of the Install Software Package page.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
How to Manually Activate the NE Software
How to Schedule Activation of the NE Software
This instruction describes how to schedule activation of the NE software that is
stored in the Standby Area. It is possible to define a schedule, but postpone
activation of the schedule to a later time.
PS
The date and time you define in the schedule are in the NE’s time
zone, which can be different from the Element Manager’s time zone.
Note
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE to activate software for in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Software Control.
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In response, the Software Control start window is displayed.
Step 3
The Active Software Package and Standby Software Package sections
display an overview of the NE software, NCU software, and FWP set
file versions that are stored in the active and standby areas of the NE.
The syntax used is: <NE software version> (<NCU software version>,
<FWP set version>). The date and time of when each of the software
packages were installed or activated are also displayed, as well as an
optional descriptive comment.
Step 4
Ensure that the standby area contains the NE software version you
need. Follow these steps:
a) Check the version of the software package in the Standby Software Package section. This is the version of the software that will
be installed if the standby area is activated.
b) Check the comment attached to the software package in the field
Comment. Unless edited, it repeats the software version and also
contains the date when this version had been introduced.
c) If it is not the correct version, return to “How to Install NE Software” on p. 425 and install the correct software package.
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Updating NE Software in a Network
Step 5
Select the Scheduled Activation of Standby Software Package radio button and select Next.
This window shows the default settings for when and how an activation will take place. The default date occurs in the past, so no activation will take place until these settings have been modified.
Step 6
Step 7
Select Modify to specify when and how activation shall take place.
Enter the date the application software shall be activated in the Activation Date field.
The date you enter is in the NE’s time zone. Use the format year,
month and day (YY-MM-DD).
Step 8
Enter the time the application software shall be activated in the Activation Time field.
The time you enter is in the NE’s time zone. Use the format hours,
minutes and seconds (HH:MM:SS).
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In response the Activate Standby Software Package page is displayed.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 9
Specify what shall happen with the database when the application
software is activated, by using the Scheduled DBRST drop-down list:
• Select Keep Current Database if the configuration values in the
currently active database shall be used together with the updated
application software. This is the default setting, as this selection
ensures that a NE software and database switchback is always
possible.
• Select Set Database to Factory Default if the currently active database shall be replaced by the factory default database. This is
only relevant if you are switching back to the previous NE software version and you need to reset the database. As a result, the
NE’s IP address will change. If the factory default IP address is
not within the same IP network as the computer running the Element Manager, the Element Manager will lose contact with the
NE. You will then have to be on site to re-connect to the NE
again.
Step 10
The scheduled activation will not take place until it has been activated. Set the Scheduled Activation field to Yes to activate the schedule, or No to leave it un-activated.
Step 11
Select OK to apply your entries, or Cancel to cancel them.
You are returned to the Software Control window, Scheduled Activation
page.
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Step 12
If you have activated the scheduled activation, select Finish to Close
the Software Control wizard.
At the specified date and time (in the NE’s time zone), the NE software will be activated and the NE rebooted.
PS
Note
Step 13
The activation and reboot process might take up to 5 minutes and the
network connection will be lost. The connection is recovered again as
soon as the NE is rebooted and ready for operation.
When the NE is ready for operation again, check that the NE is now
running the new NE software version. Follow the steps:
a) Open the Software Control window again.
b) Find the NE software version in the Active Software Package section.
End of Procedure
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Updating NE Software in a Network
How to Manually Activate the NE Software
This instruction describes how to manually activate the NE software that is
stored in the Standby Area.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE to activate software for in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Software Control.
In response, the Software Control start window is displayed.
Step 3
Select the Activate Standby Software Package radio button and select
Next.
The Active Software Package and Standby Software Package sections
display an overview of the NE software, NCU software, and FWP set
file versions that are stored in the active and standby areas of the NE.
The syntax used is: <NE software version> (<NCU software version>,
<FWP set version>). The date and time of when each of the software
packages were installed or activated are also displayed, as well as an
optional descriptive comment.
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In response the Activate Standby Software Package page is displayed.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 4
Ensure that the standby area contains the NE software version you
need. Follow these steps:
a) Check the version of the software package in the Standby Software Package section. This is the version of the software that will
be installed if the standby area is activated.
b) Check the comment attached to the software package in the field
Comment. Unless edited, it repeats the software version and also
contains the date when this version had been introduced.
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c) If it is not the correct version, return to “How to Install NE Software” on p. 425 and install the correct software package.
Step 5
Specify what shall happen with the database when the application
software is activated, by using the When this version is Activated
drop-down list:
• Select Keep Current Database if the configuration values in the
currently active database shall be used together with the updated
application software. This is the default setting, as this selection
ensures that a NE software and database switchback is always
possible.
• Select Set Database to Factory Default if the currently active database shall be replaced by the factory default database. This is
only relevant if you are switching back to the previous NE software version and you need to reset the database. As a result, the
NE’s IP address will change. If the factory default IP address is
not within the same IP network as the computer running the Element Manager, the Element Manager will lose contact with the
NE. You will then have to be on site to re-connect to the NE
again.
Step 6
Activate the selected software file, the specified database values, and
reboot the NE, by selecting the Activate and Reboot button.
Select Yes in the Confirmation window that appears.
PS
Note
Step 7
The activation and reboot process might take up to 5 minutes and the
network connection will be lost. The connection is recovered again as
soon as the NE is rebooted and ready for operation.
When the NE is ready for operation again, check that the NE is now
running the new NE software version. Follow the steps:
a) Open the Software Control window again.
b) Find the NE software version in the Active Software Package section.
Step 8
Close the Software Control wizard by selecting Finish.
End of Procedure
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Updating NE Software in a Network
Switching Back to Previous NE Software Version
If you for some reason do not have time to complete an already started NE software update process, you may switch back to the former NE software. Even
after already using the new software, the former software and the belonging
database file is intact in the standby area. In other words, after a software
update you can switch back to the former software by activating the standby
area. Figure 26 illustrates this situation.
If another NE software version has been installed to the standby area in the
meantime, switch back will not be possible.
This procedure describes how to switch back to the previous NE software and
database.
Step 1
If you are not already logged in, log in to the relevant NE.
Step 2
Activate the NE software as described in “How to Manually Activate
the NE Software” on p. 432, and in Step 5 select the option Use
Standby Database.
An activation of NE software always activates the NE software in the
standby area. In this case the content of this area is the former NE
software version. The option Use Standby Database secures that the
database associated with the former NE software version is restored.
PS
Note
The activation and reboot process might take up to 5 minutes and the
network connection will be lost. The connection is recovered again as
soon as the NE is rebooted and ready for operation
Step 3
If necessary, downgrade the individual firmware packages for the relevant modules/module types, as described in “Updating Firmware
Packages in an NE” on p. 435.
Step 4
Reboot the NE to complete the switch-back.
Although the NE was rebooted as a consequence of the NE software
activation, this final reboot is required.
End of Procedure
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Procedure
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Updating NE Software in a GNE-based
Network
In a Gateway NE (GNE)-based network, an NE only has visibility of the GNE
and the other NEs in this network. Only the GNE has visibility of an external file
server. Therefore, in order to update the NE software on the NEs, the NE software must be downloaded to the GNE’s file area. Both the NEs and the GNE
then install the NE software from the GNE’s file area.
GNE-based Network Example
The Element Manager can only be used to perform software updates in this network example if it can reach the NEs. In that case follow the procedure
described in “Updating NE Software in a Network” on p. 423. If this is not possible, the Element Manager cannot be used to update NE software in such a network configuration. Instead, use a Telnet or SSH session and the Craft Console.
Please read the FSP 3000R7 Provisioning and Operations Manual for a full
description.
Updating Firmware Packages in an NE
The Element Manager lets you update firmware packages (FWPs) on a single
module at a time, on all modules of a specific type at once or all modules in the
NE at once. Downgrade to an older FWP is supported, but not to older versions
than those valid for R9.1.
PS
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Figure 29:
FWP updates may be service affecting. FWP downgrades are always
service effecting, except for legacy modules.
Note
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Updating Firmware Packages in an NE
The Element Manager allows you to conditionally update. You can, for example,
specify that the FWP for a module shall be updated as long as this update does
not affect any services on the module. This means you can allow a FWP update
that will affect services, to be done only on the modules with services that are
out of service. This allows you to quickly update FWPs on a number of modules
and control whether this process will affect service or not, without having to
check specifically the effects each new version update has on services.
•
If an update of NE software or another FWP update is in progress, then
FWP update is not possible.
•
Modules that have not been assigned to the database (administrative state
UAS) and modules with a mismatch (secondary state MEA) will not be
updated.
•
FWP update on multiple modules in a channel card protected or client path
protected system is only performed on the inactive modules, if the update is
service affecting. This is true even if the user specifies that effects on the
service is accepted. The user must then perform a protection switch and
another update in order to update all modules in the system. This is covered
in “How to Update Firmware for Multiple Modules” on p. 441.
PS
Note
Do not remove hardware or power off during a FWP update. If you
attempt this, you will corrupt the module firmware. Legacy modules
with only one firmware image will then not be possible to restart
without a special emergency recovery procedure.
The following sections describe how to update the FWP on each module, to a
newer version:
“Requirements” on p. 436
“How to Update Firmware for a Single Module” on p. 437
“How to Update Firmware for Multiple Modules” on p. 441
Requirements
Before updating FWP, the following items are required:
•
The NE software package, containing the relevant FWP versions, must
already be in the active area (activated).
•
A working NCU, installed in slot A of shelf 1.
•
As an FWP update can be service affecting, take the necessary precautions
for a service hit.
•
If the NE consists of multiple shelves, the following is required for a successful FWP update:
o
o
•
436
Correctly cabled SCUs. In releases previous to Release 8.2, only
chained connections of SCUs and ROADMs were supported. Starting
from Release 8.2, ring connected SCUs and ROADMs are supported.
The plugs on the SCUs must be provisioned.
A computer with an FTP or SCP server and a terminal program.
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The following restrictions apply:
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
•
Release notes
How to Update Firmware for a Single Module
This instruction describes how to update the firmware package (FWP) on one
single module.
PS
Note
An FWP update can be service affecting. Specify the correct
Permitted Effect to avoid this. Take the necessary precautions for a
service hit.
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE you want to update FWP for in the Managed Elements
pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Software Control.
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In response, the Software Control start window is displayed.
The Active Software Package and Standby Software Package sections
displays which software package versions that are stored in the active
and Standby Areas of the NE.
Step 3
Select the Update Equipment Firmware (FWP) radio button, and then
select Next to continue.
In response, the Install Equipment Firmware (FWP) page appears.
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Updating Firmware Packages in an NE
Step 4
Select the Single FWP Update radio button in the Update Mode section.
Each module is described by the following items:
Column Name
Description
Equipment
FWP Rev
This column shows the equipment in the system.
This column contains the version of the FWP that
is currently in use on the module
This column contains the version of the FWP that
is available and ready for installation on the
module.
This column contains information about whether
making this update will affect service, or not. The
following abbreviations are used:
NCU ACT FWP Rev
Update Effect
•
SA Activate, which means that service is
affected when the update is activated.
•
SA Install, which means that service is affected
when the update is installed.
•
NSA, which means that service is not affected.
•
Undefined, which means that the NE cannot
determine the effect of the update on the services.
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In response, the Install Equipment Firmware (FWP) page displays relevant information for updating the FWP for a single module at a time.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Column Name
Description
NCU STBY FWP Rev
This column shows the version of the FWP that
was used prior to the currently active version. If
anything goes wrong with the update and the new
FWP version does not work as it should, the
module will automatically revert to this version.
This column contains information about whether
making this update will affect service, or not. The
following abbreviations are used:
STBY Update Effect
•
SA Activate, which means that service is
affected when the update is activated.
•
SA Install, which means that service is affected
when the update is installed.
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State
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•
NSA, which means that service is not affected.
•
Undefined, which means that the NE cannot
determine the effect of the update on the services.
This column shows the status of any firmware
package upgrade, the options are
•
Idle
•
Reject (rejection of a downgrade)
•
In progress
•
Complete
Step 5
Check whether the new FWP results in a changed set of performance
monitoring counters for the module. This information can be found in
the release notes.
• If the set of performance counters for a port is changed by the
FWP update: All historic records for all counters for that port will
be deleted. Go to Step 6.
• Otherwise go to Step 7.
Step 6
Preserve the historic records for all affected ports on the specific
module by either:
• Exporting the historic records to a CSV file, see “How to Export
Historic Performance Records” on p. 400. This content can however not be presented via the Element Manager later.
• Using the FSP NM to collect the records. The records can then
later be displayed by the FSP NM.
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Updating Firmware Packages in an NE
Step 7
Select a module to update FWP for. It is recommended that you
update FWP for SCUs after you have updated FWP for all other modules. Do as follows:
a) From the Select Equipment table, identify the module(s) to update
FWP for.
b) For each module identified, check whether the NCU ACT FWP
Rev column contains the correct FWP version.
d) If the NCU ACT FWP Rev column displays the FWP version that
you want to install: Select the module you want to update FWP
for.
Step 8
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Update of equipment page appears.
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c) If the NCU ACT FWP Rev column does not display the FWP version that you want to install, you must download it. Either download the FWP as described in “Transferring Files To/From the
NE” on p. 448, or download the NE software that contains the correct FWP version as follows:
• Select Back to get back to the Software Control page.
• Install the NE software that has the relevant FWP set version,
as described in “How to Install NE Software” on p. 425.
• Select Back to get back to the Software Control page.
• Return to the Update Equipment Firmware (FWP) by selecting
the Update Equipment Firmware (FWP) radio button, and then
selecting Next to continue. In response, the Update Equipment
Firmware (FWP) page appears.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 9
Select Start Upgrade to start the update process, and select Yes in the
Confirmation window that appears.
PS
The update cannot be stopped.
Note
During the update, the Status field will display the status for each
module. The following messages are used:
•
•
•
•
waiting for access to the update process on the NE.
Updating which indicates that the Element Manager is checking if
an NCU software update or FWP update is already ongoing.
Finished, which indicates that the Element Manager update process successfully finished. However, the reboot of the modules
may not yet be completed.
Failed, which indicates that the process has failed and the FWP
has not been updated.
Step 10
Select Finish to close the Software Control window.
Step 11
Resynchronize your system:
a) Select the NE you want to reboot in the Managed Elements pane.
b) Select Configuration -> Resynchronize on the Main Menu.
c) Select Yes in the Confirmation window that appears.
End of Procedure
How to Update Firmware for Multiple Modules
This instruction describes how to update firmware (FWP) for several modules at
the same time. Either all modules in the NE, or all modules of one type.
PS
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•
Pending, which indicates that the process hasn’t started yet.
Checking Status, which indicates that the Element Manager is
Note
User Manual
An FWP update can be service affecting. Specify the correct
Permitted Effect to avoid this. Take the necessary precautions for a
service hit.
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Updating Firmware Packages in an NE
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE you want to update FWP for in the Managed Elements
pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Software Control.
The Active Software Package and Standby Software Package sections
displays which software package versions that are stored in the active
and Standby Areas of the NE.
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In response, the Software Control start window is displayed.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 3
Select the Update Equipment Firmware (FWP) radio button, and then
select Next to continue.
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In response, the Update Equipment Firmware (FWP) page appears.
Step 4
For each module type that you wish to update FWP for, check that the
FWP version that is available is the correct version. Do as follows:
a) For each module type, check whether the NCU ACT FWP Rev column contains the correct FWP version.
b) If the NCU ACT FWP Rev column does not display the FWP version that you want to install, you must download it. Either download the FWP as described in “Transferring Files To/From the
NE” on p. 448, or download the NE software that contains the correct FWP version as follows:
• Select Back to get back to the Software Control page.
• Install the NE software that has the relevant FWP set version,
as described in “How to Install NE Software” on p. 425.
• Select Back to get back to the Software Control page.
• Return to the Update Equipment Firmware (FWP) by selecting
the Update Equipment Firmware (FWP) radio button, and then
selecting Next to continue. In response, the Update Equipment
Firmware (FWP) page appears.
Step 5
User Manual
For each module type that you wish to update: Check whether the
new FWP results in a changed set of performance monitoring
counters for the module, This information can be found in the release
notes.
• If the set of performance counters for a port is changed by the
FWP update: All historic records for all counters for that port will
be deleted. Go to Step 6
• Otherwise go to Step 7
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Updating Firmware Packages in an NE
Step 6
Preserve the historic records for all affected ports on the specific
module by either:
• Exporting the historic records to a CSV file, see “How to Export
Historic Performance Records” on p. 400. This content can however not be presented via the Element Manager later.
• Using the FSP NM to collect the records. The records can then
later be displayed by the FSP NM.
Step 7
Select the Multiple FWP Update radio button in the Update Mode section.
Step 8
444
Select which module type to update FWP for. Use the Select all equipment of this type drop-down list. The options are:
• All types, which means that FWP for all modules in the NE will be
updated, if their current version differs from the version in the
Standby Area. The SCUs will be updated last.
• <module types>, for example VSM, which indicates that FWP for
all modules of this type will be updated, if their current version differs from the version in the Standby Area. It is recommended that
you update FWP for SCUs after you have updated FWP for other
modules.
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In response, the Install Equipment Firmware (FWP) page displays relevant information for updating FWP for multiple modules at a time.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 9
Select Next to continue.
In response, the Update of equipment page displays the module type
you selected as well as the revision of the FWP that will be installed
and activated.
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Step 10
User Manual
Restrict the update by using the Permitted Effect drop-down list. If you
select:
• NSA, and the update is service affecting for the selected modules
or module types, then these modules will not be updated.
• NSA, and the update is not service affecting for the selected modules or module types, then these modules will be updated.
• SA, and the update is service affecting or non service affecting for
the selected modules or module types, then these modules will
be updated. The exception is for modules that are part of a channel card protection group. The modules in such a group that are
inactive will be updated, while the modules that are active are not
updated.
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Updating Firmware Packages in an NE
Step 11
Select Start Update to start the update process, and select Yes in the
Confirmation window that appears.
Field Name
Description
Number of equipment
to update
This field shows the number of modules of the
selected type that will be updated. The Permitted
Effect restriction setting may result in this number
being less than the total number of modules of this
type in the NE.
This field shows the installation progress for the
FWP. This field does however not indicate
whether the new FWP is in use yet. That
information is found in the table below.
Installed
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In response, the Update of equipment page shows the progress.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Field Name
Description
Equipment
This column shows the Access Identifier (AID) for
each module that is updated in this process.
This column shows whether the new FWP has
been successfully started. The following
messages are used:
o
Pending, which indicates that the process
hasn’t started yet.
o
Checking Status, which indicates that the
Element Manager is waiting for access to
the update process on the NE.
o
Updating which indicates that the process
is ongoing.
o
Finished, which indicates that the Element
Manager update process successfully finished. However, the reboot of the modules
may not yet be completed.
o
Update Failed, which indicates that the
process has failed and the FWP has not
been updated. The module will in this
case run the standby revision FWP.
Status
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Step 12
If the Update of equipment page status table shows that boot up has
failed for one of more modules:
a) Select back to return to the Update Equipment Firmware (FWP)
page.
b) Select the module type again.
c) Start the FWP update of this module type again, as described in
Step 5 through Step 9.
d) If the module is part of a channel card protection group: A protection switch may have occurred during the update process. In that
case, the process is halted. You must perform a single module
FWP update (see “How to Update Firmware for a Single Module”
on p. 437) on the module to complete the FWP update.
e) If the reboot of the module still fails, contact Technical Support.
User Manual
Step 13
If the NE has channel card protected services: Only the inactive modules have been updated. Now you must update the active modules.
Do as follows:
• For each of the protection groups, perform a manual protection
switch.
Now the previously active modules are inactive, and can be
updated by multiple equipment updating.
• Start the FWP update of this module type again, as described in
Step 5 through Step 9.
Step 14
Select Finish to close the Software Control window.
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Transferring Files To/From the NE
Step 15
After updating the FWP you should re synchronize your system:
a) Select the NE you want to reboot in the Managed Elements pane.
b) Select Configuration -> Resynchronize on the Main Menu.
c) Select Yes in the Confirmation window that appears.
End of Procedure
Transferring Files To/From the NE
When making database backups or importing and exporting an alarm profile, it
is necessary to transfer files to or from the NE. When transferring files to the NE,
a download is done, while when transferring files from the NE, an upload is
done. The principle is the same for all file types, but there are some differences.
This section describes how to transfer NE software files, database backup files
or alarm profile files to an NE, or from an NE.
The following topics are provided:
“How to Upload Files from the NE” on p. 448
How to Upload Files from the NE
This instruction describes how to use the Upload window to upload files from the
NE’s file area to another storage place. This storage place can be an external
server, or the SCU.
PS
Do not reseat the NCU during the file transfer.
Note
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“How to Download Files to the NE” on p. 453
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
If you wish to upload a database backup file:
a) From the Main Menu, select Configuration -> Backup/Restore. In
response, the Backup/Restore start window is displayed.
b) In the NE File Area section, select the relevant Location radio button option to display the file you wish to upload.
• Select RDISK to display the files stored on the NCU.
• Select SCU to display the files stored on the SCU.
If your NE does not have an SCU with hardware revision 2.01 or
newer, the NE File Area section will not display Location radio buttons. This is because storage on the SCU is not supported in this
case. The NE File Area will display the files stored on the NCU.
c) Select the relevant database backup file to upload, in the NE File
Area section.
Step 3
If you wish to upload an alarm profile file:
a) From the Main Menu, select Fault -> Alarm Profile. In response,
the Alarm Profile window is displayed.
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b) Select the Manage Profiles tab.
c) Select the relevant alarm profile package file to upload, in the NE
File Area section.
Step 4
Open the Upload window by selecting the Upload button.
In response, the Upload window appears.
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Step 5
The files that shall be uploaded from the NE can be destined to three
different places, depending on the file type. Use the Destination
drop-down list to specify this.
• If the file is destined for an external FTP or SCP server: Select the
option Remote File Server. This is relevant for a database backup
file or an alarm profile file.
• If the file is destined for an external FTP client: Select the option
Use FTP Server on NE. This option is only available for database
backup files, and only if the NE has an NCU with a 1 GB CompactfFash (CF) installed. In this case there is a local FTP server
on board the NE, which can organize the transfer to the external
FTP client. The NCU-II is an example of this. The FTP server on
an NE is by default disabled, and must be enabled for this option
to be available.
• If the file is destined for the SCU: Select the option SCU. This
option is only available for database backup files, and only if the
NE has an SCU with hardware revision 2.01 or newer.
Step 6
Make a decision:
If
Then
If you selected Remote File Server in Step 5
If you selected Use FTP Server on NE in Step 5
If you selected SCU in Step 5
Continue from Step 7
Continue from Step 14
Continue from Step 19
Step 7
Select from the Protocol drop-down list which protocol to use when
uploading.
The options are FTP or SCP. SCP is a more secure protocol. If the
SCP host is unknown, the transfer will fail. The user must therefore
ensure that the known hosts table includes the SCP host.
If you are not familiar with FTP, see “About FTP and SCP” on p. 459
for a brief overview.
Step 8
450
During a file transfer, the NE's FTP or SCP client identifies itself with
an IP address. In a bi-directional IP communication the two IP hosts
involved need to be able to reach each other. Since both IP hosts
identify each other by the IP addresses in the IP header of the IP
packets, a successful IP communication relies on the availability of
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Transferring Files To/From the NE
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
routes for these IP addresses in all the routers along the path
between the IP hosts.
Some network operators may configure their network in such a way
that only the IP range in which the System IP addresses reside will be
routed through their network. In this case it must be made sure that
the FSP 3000R7 NE uses the System IP to identify itself as the
source in the IP header of packets it is sending.
If the network operator has configured his network to route the IP
range in which the IP addresses of the physical IP interfaces reside,
the default IP address as chosen by the IP stack can be used.
Use the Own IP drop-down list to specify the IP address to use in the
IP header as follows:
•
•
Step 9
Select Default-IP if the IP address that the IP stack would choose
by default should be used (this is the IP address of the interface
through which the packet is sent).
Select System IP if the system IP address should be used.
Specify which file to upload as follows:
a) Enter the IP address of the FTP or SSH server in the Server field.
PS
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b) If the file shall be placed in a sub-directory of the FTP or SSH
server root directory, enter that relative path in the Path Name
field. Otherwise leave this field empty.
Note
Step 10
If the relative path has already been defined in the external server
configuration, do not enter anything in the Path Name field. Otherwise,
the upload may fail.
In the Login field, enter the user account name to gain access to the
FTP/SCP server.
It depends on the remote server whether the case of this entry as
entered is taken into account before validation by the remote server.
Step 11
In the Password field, enter the password to gain access to the
FTP/SCP server.
It depends on the remote server whether the case of this entry as
entered is taken into account before validation by the remote server.
Step 12
Select OK to start the upload, or Cancel to discard your entries and
return to the Backup/Restore window.
Progress is displayed in the lower, left corner of the Backup/Restore
window.
Step 13
User Manual
Go to Step 22.
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Step 14
Step 15
In response to your selection of Use FTP Server on NE in Step 5, the
Upload window changes.
Enter the user account and password for the NE into the Login and
Password fields.
The remote server running on the FSP 3000R7 NE (e.g. acting as a
GNE), will not take the case of the user name and password as
entered into account. Instead, due to TL1 standards restrictions, the
user names and passwords for accounts on an FSP 3000R7 NE are
converted to all uppercase before they are saved or validated.
Step 16
Select OK to start the upload, or Cancel to discard your entries and
return to the Install Software Package window.
In response, the Upload window first displays the progress of initializing the FTP server, then the Save window appears.
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Whether a user name and password's case (lower/upper case) as
entered is taken into account depends on the remote server.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 17
Browse to the location to which you wish to transfer the file and then
select Save.
Step 18
Go to Step 22.
Step 19
In response to your selection of SCU as the destination for the upload
in Step 5, the Upload window changes.
The Upload file section displays the file name of the backup database
file. Check your notes in “How to Manually Back Up the Database” on
p. 413, Step 10 to ensure that this is the correct file.
Step 20
The backup file name will not be preserved when stored on the SCU,
therefore you should write down that the SCU now will contain the
backup file name displayed in Step 19, and store this information.
Step 21
Select OK to start the upload, or Cancel to discard your entries and
return to the Backup/Restore window.
Progress is displayed in the lower, left corner of the Backup/Restore
window.
Step 22
The duration of an upload process to a remote file server depends on
the bandwidth of the management connection.
When the upload is complete, the Upload window closes.
End of Procedure
How to Download Files to the NE
This instruction describes how to use the Download window to download files to
the NE.
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Progress is displayed in the lower, left corner of the Backup/Restore
window.
Do not disconnect the NCU during the file transfer.
Note
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Transferring Files To/From the NE
Procedure
Step 1
Select the NE in the Managed Elements pane.
Step 2
If you wish to download a database backup file: From the Main Menu,
select Configuration -> Backup/Restore. In response, the
Backup/Restore start window is displayed.
Step 3
If you wish to download an alarm profile file: Do as follows:
a) From the Main Menu, select Fault -> Alarm Profile. In response,
the Alarm Profile window is displayed.
b) Select the Manage Profiles tab.
Step 4
Open the Download window by selecting the Download button.
Step 5
454
The files that shall be downloaded to the NE can be located in three
different places, depending on the file type. Use the Source
drop-down list to specify where the file is located.
• If the file is located on an external FTP or SCP server: Select the
option Remote File Server. This is relevant for a database backup
file or an alarm profile file.
• If the file is located on an internal FTP client: Select the option
Use FTP Server on NE. This option is only available for and database backup files, and only if the NE has an NCU with a 1 GB
CompactfFash (CF) installed. In this case there is a local FTP
server on board the NE, which can organize the transfer from the
external FTP client. The NCU-II is an example of this. The FTP
server on an NE is by default disabled, and must be enabled for
this option to be available.
• If the file is located on the SCU: Select the option SCU. This
option is only available for database backup files, and only if the
NE has an SCU with hardware revision 2.01 or newer.
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In response, the Download window appears.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 6
Make a decision:
If
Then
If you selected Remote File Server in Step 5
If you selected Use FTP Server on NE in Step 5
If you selected SCU in Step 5
Continue from Step 7
Continue from Step 15
Continue from Step 20
Step 7
Select which protocol to use to transfer the file from its location. Use
the Protocol drop down list.
The options are FTP or SCP. SCP is a more secure protocol. If the
SCP host is unknown, the transfer will fail. The user must therefore
ensure that the known hosts table includes the SCP host.
If you are not familiar with FTP or SCP, see “About FTP and SCP” on
p. 459 for a brief overview.
Step 8
During a file transfer, the NE's FTP or SCP client identifies itself with
an IP address. In a bi-directional IP communication the two IP hosts
involved need to be able to reach each other. Since both IP hosts
identify each other by the IP addresses in the IP header of the IP
packets, a successful IP communication relies on the availability of
routes for these IP addresses in all the routers along the path
between the IP hosts.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
Some network operators may configure their network in such a way
that only the IP range in which the System IP addresses reside will be
routed through their network. In this case it must be made sure that
the FSP 3000R7 NE uses the System IP to identify itself as the
source in the IP header of packets it is sending.
If the network operator has configured his network to route the IP
range in which the IP addresses of the physical IP interfaces reside,
the default IP address as chosen by the IP stack can be used.
Use the Own IP drop-down list to specify the IP address to use in the
IP header as follows:
•
•
Step 9
Select Default-IP if the IP address that the IP stack would choose
by default should be used (this is the IP address of the interface
through which the packet is sent).
Select System IP if the system IP address should be used.
Enter the IP address of the SCP or FTP server you use, into the
Server field.
Ask IT personnel in your organization for this IP address if you do not
know it.
Step 10
PS
Note
User Manual
Specify the location of the update file on the external server by entering the relative path on the external server into the Path Name field.
If the relative path has already been defined in the external server
configuration, do not enter anything in the Path Name field. Otherwise,
the download may fail.
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Step 11
Enter the name of the update file, into the File Name field.
Step 12
In the Login field, enter the user account name to gain access to the
FTP/SCP server.
It depends on the remote server whether the case of this entry as
entered is taken into account before validation by the remote server.
Step 13
In the Password field, enter the password to gain access to the
FTP/SCP server.
It depends on the remote server whether the case of this entry as
entered is taken into account before validation by the remote server.
Step 14
Select OK to start the upload, or Cancel to discard your entries and
return to the Backup/Restore window.
Step 15
Go to Step 23.
Step 16
In response to your selection of Use FTP Server on NE in Step 6, the
Download window changes.
Step 17
Enter the user account name and belonging password to gain access
to the FTP/SCP server in the Login and Password fields.
Whether a user name and password's case (lower/upper case) as
entered is taken into account depends on the remote server.
The remote server running on the FSP 3000R7 NE (e.g. acting as a
GNE), will not take the case of the user name and password as
entered into account. Instead, due to TL1 standards restrictions, the
user names and passwords for accounts on an FSP 3000R7 NE are
converted to all uppercase before they are saved or validated.
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Progress is displayed in the lower, left corner of the Backup/Restore
window.
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 18
Start the download by selecting OK.
In response, the Download window first displays the progress of initializing the FTP or SSH server, then the Select window appears.
Step 19
Browse to the location where the file you wish to transfer to the NE is
located, select the relevant file and then select Select.
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Progress is displayed in the lower, left corner of the Backup/Restore
window.
Step 20
Go to Step 23.
Step 21
In response to your selection of SCU as the destination for the download, the Download window changes.
The Download file section displays the name of the database file that
is present on the SCU. However, the original name of the database
file was not preserved when it was stored on the SCU. Therefore the
name always is shown as “SCU.DBS”. You must consult the notes
you made in “How to Manually Back Up the Database” on p. 413,
Step 10 to know which file this is.
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Rebooting
Step 22
Select OK to start the download, or Cancel to discard your entries and
return to the Backup/Restore window.
Progress is displayed in the lower, left corner of the Backup/Restore
window.
Step 23
The duration of the download process depends on the bandwidth of
the management connection. For example, a software package file is
typically around 50 MB, and downloading can take from a few minutes or up to 50 minutes on a slow connection.
When the download is complete, the Download window closes.
End of Procedure
Rebooting
It is possible to reboot the NE, as well as make a cold or warm start on individual
modules.
The following topics are provided:
“Re-initiating a Module” on p. 459
Rebooting the NE
This instruction describes how to reboot the NE.
Procedure
Step 1
Select any equipment in the Entities pane.
Step 2
From the Main Menu, select Configuration->Reboot NCU.
In response a warning window will appear.
Step 3
Start the reboot by selecting Yes or cancel by selecting No.
In response the NE will be rebooted.
The reboot takes approximately 5 minutes. If you are on site with the
NE, you can observe that the reboot is complete and the NE ready for
management access again. The NE indicates this by four consecutive
beeps and the MOD LED of the NCU shining solid green.
End of Procedure
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“Rebooting the NE” on p. 458
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Re-initiating a Module
This instruction describes how to re-initiate a module, by performing either a
cold or a warm start.
Procedure
Step 1
Double-click the relevant NE in the Managed Elements pane.
In response, the Information pane displays.
Step 2
Select the module in the Entities pane.
In response, all available information about the entity is displayed in
the Parameters pane.
Step 3
Select the State tab in the Parameters pane.
In response the current states for the module are displayed.
Step 4
Select the Reinit button.
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In response the Reinit window appears.
Step 5
Use the Effect drop-down list to select a warm or cold start:
• The option NSA is non-service affecting, and results in a warm
start of the module.
• The option SA is service affecting, and results in a cold start of
the module.
Step 6
Select OK to continue.
In response the Equipment Removed alarm is raised. This alarm is
cleared when the restart is completed. Observe this from the Current
Conditions table.
End of Procedure
About FTP and SCP
These client/server protocols allow an user to transfer files to and from a remote
network site. SCP is a more secure protocol than FTP.
An FTP or SCP site is a computer that is running FTP or SCP server software.
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About FTP and SCP
An FTP or SCP client is the application on the user’s computer that allows the
user to access the FTP or SCP server. Thus the user can get access to files
stored on the FTP or SCP server.
Most organizations have an FTP or SCP server already. A number of software
packages for FTP or SCP clients/servers exist. Consult the IT personnel in your
organization to learn whether you have an FTP or SCP server, and how to use it
to move files.
The following topics are provided:
“How to Move Files to an External Server” on p. 460
“How to Move a Database Backup from an External Server” on p. 461
How to Move Files to an External Server
The following instruction is general and provided solely to give an impression of
the steps to follow when moving a file from a local computer to the FTP or SCP
server. You should ask the IT personnel in your organization for the exact
instructions for the software packages that your organization uses.
Procedure
Connect to the FTP or SSH server.
To do this you need the IP address of the server. Ask the IT personnel
in your organization for this. You will need this IP address again when
using the Element Manager to move the files to the NE.
Step 2
Authenticate yourself to gain access to the files on the FTP or SCP
server.
To do this you need a user account name and the belonging password for the server. Ask the IT personnel in your organization for this.
You will need this information again when using the Element Manager
to move the files to the NE.
Step 3
Navigate around the folders and files on the server to identify the
location you wish to place a NE Software Package or database
backup file.
Ask the IT personnel in your organization for the necessary commands to do this.
Step 4
Place the NE Software Package that you received from ADVA Optical
Networking Optical Networking, or the database backup file you have
stored locally, in the FTP or SSH server.
Ask the IT personnel in your organization for the necessary commands to do this.
Step 5
460
Logout from the FTP or SSH server.
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Step 1
Chapter 6 Maintaining NEs
Step 6
Disconnect from the FTP or SSH server.
The Software Package files and/or database backup files are now
ready for the Element Manager to fetch.
End of Procedure
How to Move a Database Backup from an External
Server
The following instruction is general and provided solely to give an impression of
the steps to follow when moving a database backup file from the FTP or SCP
server to a local computer. You should ask the IT personnel in your organization
for the exact instructions for the software packages that your organization uses.
Procedure
Step 1
Connect to the FTP or SSH server.
To do this you need the IP address of the server. Ask the IT personnel
in your organization for this.
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Step 2
Authenticate yourself to gain access to the files on the FTP or SCP
server.
To do this you need a user account name and the belonging password for the server. Ask the IT personnel in your organization for this.
Step 3
Navigate around the folders and files on the server to identify the
location you wish to place the database backup file.
Ask the IT personnel in your organization for the necessary commands to do this.
Step 4
Move the database backup file in the FTP or SSH server to a location
in your organization’s LAN, that is part of a regular backup plan.
Ask the IT personnel in your organization for the necessary commands to do this.
Step 5
Logout from the FTP or SSH server.
Step 6
Disconnect from the FTP or SSH server.
End of Procedure
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About FTP and SCP
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Appendix A
Communication Port Overview
Ports used for communication between Element Manager and NEs:
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Table 11:
Communication Ports
UDP Port
Description of use
161
162
SNMP requests
SNMP traps
In the message log you can see the message Listening to UDP Port 162 when
Element Manager has been started. If any other utility has been started and
uses port 162, the message log will show the message Error binding to UDP Port
162. This indicates that port 162 is busy.
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Appendix B
Description of States
This is a description of all states the network element can have.
The following topics are provided:
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Administrative States, which describes the administrative states for the network
element and which implications these states have.
Operational States, which describes the operational states for the network element and which implications these states have.
Administrative States
The administrative state is user settable and controls configuration and operation of each entity. When the administrative state changes to any state other
than “In Service”, an informative condition is raised, indicating that the administrative state has changed. These condition names all begin with “OOS”, indicating Out of Service.
In Service
While in this administrative state (IS), normal surveillance can take place. You
may not perform any operation or configuration that affects service. You can
only set an entity’s administrative state to “In Service” if the entity that supports it
is also “In Service”.
Automatic In Service
When equipment is set to this administrative state (AINS), alarms are not
reported. You may not perform any operation or configuration that affects service. Transition from this state to “In Service” takes place automatically, when all
alarms on the module or any pluggable transceiver causing the “Outage” or
“Supporting Entity Outage” operational states are cleared. You can only set a
the administrative state of a piece of equipment to “Automatic In Service” if any
equipment that supports it is also “Automatic In Service” or “In Service” and the
entity that it supports is not “In Service”.
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Administrative States
When facilities are set to this administrative state (AINS), alarms are not
reported and performance monitoring records are invalid. You may not perform
any operation or configuration that affects service. Transition from this state to
“In Service” takes place automatically, when all alarms causing the “Outage” or
“Supporting Entity Outage” operational states have been cleared for a specific
time period. You can only set an entity’s administrative state to “Automatic In
Service” if the entity that supports it is also “Automatic In Service” or “In Service”
and the entity that it supports is not “In Service”.
Management
While in this administrative state (MGT), you may perform service affecting configurations. That is, it might lead to payload traffic loss in which alarms are not
reported, and performance monitoring records are invalid. Therefore, consider
the consequences when using this state. Contact your local technical support
team if there is any uncertainty.
You can only set an entity’s administrative state to “Management” if the entity
that supports it is not “Disabled” and the entity that it supports is not “In Service”
or not “Automatic In Service”.
While in this administrative state (MT), you may perform service affecting operations. That is, it might lead to payload traffic loss in which alarms are not
reported, and performance monitoring records are invalid. Therefore, consider
the consequences when using this state. Contact your local technical support
team if there is any uncertainty.
You can only set an entity’s administrative state to “Maintenance” if the entity
that supports it is not “Disabled” and the entity that it supports is not “In Service”
or not “Automatic In Service”.
Disabled
While in this administrative state (DSBLD), all alarm notifications from the entity
are stopped. Performance monitoring is disabled. If traffic on the entity is
affected then this is shown by a corresponding "OOS Tx Disabled (OFF)" or
"OOS Rx Disabled" condition. You may perform service affecting configurations.
You can only set an entity’s administrative state to “Disabled” if the entity that it
supports is “Disabled” or “Unassigned”.
Unassigned
You enter this administrative state (UAS) automatically when an entity is
installed, but not provisioned to the internal database. As a consequence, only
inventory information is available for this entity. In the management tools, the
administrative state is therefore displayed in parentheses behind the entity
name in the list of entities.
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Maintenance
Appendix B Description of States
Operational States
An entity’s operational state is influenced by the administrative state and current
conditions.
Normal
This operational state indicates that the entity is running normally.
Abnormal
This operational state indicates that a signal degrade condition is present on the
entity.
Outage
This operational state indicates that service is affected on this entity. This state
will be accompanied by a secondary state, and together with this and the current
list of conditions, the cause for the outage can be found.
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Unavailable
This operational state indicates that the entity cannot pass traffic, but that this is
not due to a defect. This operational state is entered when the entity’s administrative state is either “Disabled” or “Unassigned”, and there is no secondary
state present. This operational state is entered when the entity’s administrative
state is “Disabled”, and there is no secondary state present.
Secondary States
Unequipped
This autonomous state (UEQ) indicates that the equipment it is associated with
is not present in the NE. In the management tools, the state is displayed in
parenthesis behind the entity name in the Entity List. Provisioning is allowed
according to the current administrative state for the entity. For the entity with the
associated Unequipped state: all autonomous standing conditions except
“Removed” are cleared and performance monitoring records are nulled and
invalid. For supporting equipment, all autonomous standing conditions are
cleared and performance monitoring records are nulled and invalid.
Mismatch
This autonomous state (MEA) indicates that the equipment it is associated with
does not match the equipment that was assigned during provisioning, or that
this equipment is disallowed in this position. In the management tools, the state
is displayed in parenthesis behind the entity name in the Entity List.Provisioning
is allowed according to the current administrative state for the entity. For the
entity with the associated Mismatch state: all autonomous standing conditions
except MEA are cleared and performance monitoring records are nulled and
invalid. For supporting equipment, all autonomous standing conditions are
cleared and performance monitoring records are nulled and invalid.
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Operational States
Fault
This state (FLT) indicates that the associated equipment has a fault. The equipment, and the equipment supported by this equipment, is unable to perform their
provisioned tasks. The equipment supported by this equipment will have the
SGEO state associated with it. The list of conditions for this equipment will detail
the fault.
Supporting Entity Outage
This autonomous state (SGEO) has a variety of root-causes, for example:
•
The supporting equipment is unequipped.
•
The supporting equipment does not match the assigned supporting equipment.
•
The supporting equipment has a fault condition.
•
The entity has an outage of management communication
•
Port related secondary states:
Busy
This state (BUSY) indicates that an ECC is provisioned, and cross-connected to
a PPP/IP entity on the NCU module.
This state (IDLE) indicates that an ECC is provisioned, but not cross-connected
to a PPP/IP entity on the NCU module.
Facility Failure
This state (FAF) indicates that the associated facility has a failure, the list of
conditions for this facility will detail the failure.
Auto Locked-Out
This state (LKDO) indicates that the associated facility is autonomously suspended. This facility enters this state as a consequence of an event. This specific event can be found in the Current Conditions list, the condition name
begins with “LKDO”.
Protection related secondary states:
Active
This state (ACT) indicates that the associated protection group is active.
Standby Hot
This state (STBYH) indicates that the entity is part of a protection group, and is
the hot standby entity.
PROTN Switch Inhibited
When this state (PSI) is true, it indicates that switching from the working to the
protection facility is inhibited. This state is associated with the working facility.
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Idle
Appendix B Description of States
WKG Switch Inhibited
When this state (PRI) is true, it indicates that switching from the protection to the
working facility is inhibited.
Operation related secondary states:
Loopback
This state (LPBK) indicates that a loopback is set on the associated facility.
Forced On
This state (FRCD) indicates that the laser transmitter of the entity is forced on.
Diagnostic
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This state (DGN) indicates that service affecting diagnostic activity is being performed on the port.
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Operational States
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Appendix C
RADIUS Authentication Setup
This appendix is written for the administrator of an Element Manager managed
network configuration, and where RADIUS shall be used as the authentication
method.
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When RADIUS authentication is used to access the Element Manager, the Element Manager uses SNMP access profiles to access the SNMP agents on the
managed NEs. This can only be done if the NEs support SNMPv3.
The appendix describes how to enable use of RADIUS authentication, define
the RADIUS servers and SNMP access profiles for an Element Manager installation, as well as any IP subnet restrictions for the Element Manager installation.
In addition it describes how these settings can be distributed to other Element
Manager installations.
This appendix contains the following sections:
“Setting up RADIUS Authentication” on p. 472
“Defining RADIUS Servers” on p. 472
“Enabling RADIUS Authentication” on p. 475
“Configuring SNMP Access Profiles” on p. 476
“Configuring IP Subnet Restrictions” on p. 486
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Setting up RADIUS Authentication
Setting up RADIUS Authentication
This instruction describes how to setup and enable use of RADIUS authentication for the Element Manager.
Procedure
Step 1
Ensure that RADIUS servers have been configured and are reachable for the Element Manager.
Step 2
Specify the RADIUS servers that the Element Manager shall contact
for authentication. See “Defining RADIUS Servers” on p. 472.
Step 3
Configure the SNMP profiles that match the RADIUS privilege levels
for the NEs. See “Configuring SNMP Access Profiles” on p. 476.
Step 4
If relevant, specify IP subnet restrictions for the Element Manager.
See “Configuring IP Subnet Restrictions” on p. 486.
Step 5
Enable use of RADIUS authentication on the Element Manager. See
“Enabling RADIUS Authentication” on p. 475.
End of Procedure
Defining RADIUS Servers
This procedure describes how to define RADIUS servers that can be used for
authentication, and how to add each of them to the list of RADIUS servers that
will be used for authentication.
Requirements
•
472
You must be logged in with an account with administrator privilege level.
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Setting up RADIUS servers is outside the scope of this document,
however an overview of how this can be done for one RADIUS server
type is given in Appendix D “Configuring a RADIUS Server” on p. 491.
Appendix C RADIUS Authentication Setup
Procedure
Step 1
Select Security->SNMPv3 via RADIUS.
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In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window appears.
Step 2
Make a choice:
• To add a RADIUS server go to Step 3.
• To modify a RADIUS server go to Step 11.
• To remove a RADIUS server go to Step 19.
Step 3
To add a RADIUS server, select Add.
In response the Add RADIUS Server window appears.
Step 4
Enter the IP address for the RADIUS server into the IP Address field.
This IP address much be reachable for the Element Manager.
Step 5
Enter the port that the RADIUS server uses to communicate with the
Element Manager with.
The default value is 1812, and is normally suitable. This could however depend on the RADIUS server application that is used, please
check the documentation for that application to confirm.
Step 6
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Enter into the Timeout field how long time the Element Manager shall
try to connect to a RADIUS server before giving up.
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Defining RADIUS Servers
Step 7
Enter the maximum number of times the Element Manager shall retry
connecting to a RADIUS server, in the Retries field.
The maximum number of retries is 5.
Step 8
Enter the shared secret the Element Manager shall use when connecting to the RADIUS server into the Shared Secret and Retype
Shared Secret fields.
Step 9
Enable use of this RADIUS server by placing a check mark in the
Enabled check box.
This RADIUS server will not be used by the Element Manager until it
has been enabled for use. It can be enabled at a later time as well.
Step 10
Select OK to apply your entries or Cancel to discard them.
Step 11
To modify an already defined RADIUS server, select Modify.
Step 12
Enter the port that the RADIUS server uses to communicate with the
Element Manager with.
The default value is 1812, and is normally suitable. This could however depend on the RADIUS server application that is used, please
check the documentation for that application to confirm.
Step 13
Enter into the Timeout field how long time the Element Manager shall
try to connect to a RADIUS server before giving up.
Step 14
Enter the maximum number of times the Element Manager shall retry
connecting to a RADIUS server, in the Retries field.
The maximum number of retries is 5.
Step 15
Enter the shared secret the Element Manager shall use when connecting to the RADIUS server into the Shared Secret and Retype
Shared Secret fields.
Step 16
Enable use of this RADIUS server by placing a check mark in the
Enabled check box.
This RADIUS server will not be used by the Element Manager until it
has been enabled for use. It can be enabled at a later time as well.
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In response the Modify RADIUS Server window appears.
Appendix C RADIUS Authentication Setup
Step 17
If relevant, modify the shared secret the Element Manager shall use
when communicating with the RADIUS server. Do as follows:
a) Place a check mark in the Change Shared Secret field.
In response the Shared Secret and Retype Shared Secret fields
appear.
b) Use the Shared Secret and Retype Shared Secret fields to change
the shared secret.
Step 18
Select OK to apply your changes or Cancel to discard them.
Step 19
To remove a RADIUS server from the list, do as follows:
a) Select it in the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window, RADIUS tab.
b) Select Remove.
Step 20
Select OK to close the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window.
End of Procedure
Enabling RADIUS Authentication
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This procedure describes how to enable use of RADIUS authentication for the
Element Manager installation.
Requirements
•
You can be logged in with any privilege level.
Procedure
Step 1
Select Security->SNMPv3 via RADIUS.
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window appears.
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Configuring SNMP Access Profiles
Step 2
Enable RADIUS authentication by placing a check mark in the Use
RADIUS for authentication check box.
When authenticating a user the Element Manager will connect to the
RADIUS servers listed in this window. The Element Manager will only
attempt to connect to enabled servers, and in the sequence that they
are listed here.
Step 3
Select OK to apply your changes or Cancel to discard them.
End of Procedure
Configuring SNMP Access Profiles
The Element Manager checks the IP address of the NE that a user connects to,
and if this address is part of a IP subnet for which an SNMP access profile
exists, it will use the SNMP access parameters defined in that SNMP access
profile. If no such specific SNMP access profile is found, the Element Manager
will use the default SNMP access profile.
The Element Manager cannot manage NEs unless the default SNMP access
profile has been configured.
This section describes how to configure the two SNMP access profile types for
the Element Manager.
The following sections are provided:
“Adding a Default SNMP Access Profile” on p. 476
“Clearing a Default SNMP Access Profile” on p. 478
“Adding an SNMP Access Profile for an IP Subnet” on p. 479
“Modifying an SNMP Access Profile for an IP Subnet” on p. 482
“Removing an SNMP Access Profile for an IP Subnet” on p. 484
Adding a Default SNMP Access Profile
This procedure describes how to add the default SNMP profile.
Requirements
•
You must be logged in with administrator privilege level.
Procedure
Step 1
Select Security->SNMPv3 via RADIUS.
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window appears.
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Two types of SNMP access profiles can be defined, a default one and multiple
ones for specific IP subnets. This allows the administrator to set up different
SNMP access parameters for different sub nets.
Appendix C RADIUS Authentication Setup
Step 2
Select the SNMP tab.
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window displays the SNMP tab.
Step 3
Select the Default SNMP Access profile radio button.
Step 4
Select Modify.
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In response the Modify Default Profile window appears.
Step 5
Enter the user account name the Element Manager shall use when
sending SNMP Get and Set requests to the NEs in the network configuration, in the User field.
This user account name must exist on each NE that shall be
accessed, before the Element Manager can actually access it. See
“Handling Network Element User Accounts” on p. 214 for instructions
on adding user accounts on NEs. Notice that you will have to log in to
Element Manager using local authentication when following the procedure in this case.
Step 6
Enter the authentication password in the Authentication Password
field.
This password must be upper case and minimum 8 characters long.
The security level and authentication type cannot be changed and are
set to AuthPriv and MD5 respectively.
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Configuring SNMP Access Profiles
Step 7
Enter the privacy password in the Privacy Password field.
This password must be upper case and minimum 8 characters long.
The privacy type that will be used is AES 128.
Step 8
Select OK to apply your entries, or Cancel to cancel them.
In response the SNMP tab content changes.
Select OK to close the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window.
End of Procedure
Clearing a Default SNMP Access Profile
This procedure describes how to clear the default SNMP profile.
Requirements
•
You must be logged in with an account with administrator privilege level.
Procedure
Step 1
Select Security->SNMPv3 via RADIUS.
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window appears.
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Step 9
Appendix C RADIUS Authentication Setup
Step 2
Select the SNMP tab.
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window displays the SNMP tab.
Step 3
Select the Default SNMP Access profile radio button.
Step 4
Select Clear.
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In response the SNMP tab content changes.
Step 5
Select OK to close the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window.
End of Procedure
Adding an SNMP Access Profile for an IP Subnet
This procedure describes how to add an SNMP profile for an IP subnet.
Requirements
•
User Manual
You must be logged in with an RADIUS account with administrator privilege
level.
479
Configuring SNMP Access Profiles
Procedure
Step 1
Select Security->SNMPv3 via RADIUS.
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window appears.
Step 2
Select the SNMP tab.
Step 3
Select the SNMP Access profiles for IP subnets radio button.
In response the SNMP tab content changes.
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In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window displays the SNMP tab.
Appendix C RADIUS Authentication Setup
Step 4
Select Add.
In response the Add Profile window appears.
Step 5
Enter the IP address for the IP subnet into the IP Address field.
Step 6
Enter the sub net mask for the IP subnet into the Subnet Mask field.
Step 7
Enter the user account name the Element Manager shall use when
sending SNMP Get and Set requests to the NEs in the IP subnet, in
the User field.
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This user account name must exist on each NE that shall be
accessed, before the Element Manager can actually access it. See
“Handling Network Element User Accounts” on p. 214 for instructions
on adding user accounts on NEs. Notice that you will have to log in to
Element Manager using local authentication when following the procedure in this case.
Step 8
Enter the authentication password in the Authentication Password
field.
This password must be upper case and minimum 8 characters long.
The security level and authentication type cannot be changed and are
set to AuthPriv and MD5 respectively.
Step 9
Enter the privacy password in the Privacy Password field.
This password must be upper case and minimum 8 characters long.
The privacy type that will be used is AES 128.
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Configuring SNMP Access Profiles
Step 10
Select OK to apply your entries, or Cancel to cancel them.
In response the SNMP tab content changes.
Step 11
Select OK to close the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window.
Modifying an SNMP Access Profile for an IP Subnet
This procedure describes how to modify an SNMP profile for an IP subnet.
Requirements
•
You must be logged in with an account with administrator privilege level.
Procedure
Step 1
Select Security->SNMPv3 via RADIUS.
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window appears.
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End of Procedure
Appendix C RADIUS Authentication Setup
Step 2
Select the SNMP tab.
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window displays the SNMP tab.
Step 3
Select the SNMP Access profiles for IP Subnets radio button.
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In response the SNMP tab content changes.
Step 4
Select Modify.
Modify Profile window appears.
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Configuring SNMP Access Profiles
Step 5
Modify the user account name the Element Manager shall use when
sending SNMP Get and Set requests to the NEs in the IP subnet, in
the User field.
This user account name must exist on each NE that shall be
accessed, before the Element Manager can actually access it. See
“Handling Network Element User Accounts” on p. 214 for instructions
on adding user accounts on NEs. Notice that you will have to log in to
Element Manager using local authentication when following the procedure in this case.
Step 6
Enter the authentication password in the Authentication Password
field.
This password must be upper case and minimum 8 characters long.
The security level and authentication type cannot be changed and are
set to AuthPriv and MD5 respectively.
Step 7
Enter the privacy password in the Privacy Password field.
This password must be upper case and minimum 8 characters long.
The privacy type that will be used is AES 128.
Step 8
Select OK to apply your entries, or Cancel to cancel them.
Step 9
Select OK to close the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window.
End of Procedure
Removing an SNMP Access Profile for an IP Subnet
This procedure describes how to remove an SNMP profile for an IP subnet.
Requirements
•
484
You must be logged in with an account with administrator privilege level.
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In response the SNMP tab content changes.
Appendix C RADIUS Authentication Setup
Procedure
Step 1
Select Security->SNMPv3 via RADIUS.
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window appears.
Step 2
Select the SNMP tab.
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In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window displays the SNMP tab.
Step 3
Select the SNMP Access profiles for IP subnets radio button.
In response the SNMP tab content changes.
Step 4
Select the IP sub net to remove SNMP access parameters for in the
list.
Step 5
Select Remove.
In response the IP sub net information is removed from the list.
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Configuring IP Subnet Restrictions
Step 6
Select OK to close the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window.
End of Procedure
Configuring IP Subnet Restrictions
It is possible to restrict the users to only be able to manage NEs that are in one
or more specific IP subnets.
When an user defines an NE to manage or starts the Element Manager, the Element Manager checks whether any restricted IP subnets have been defined for
this Element Manager. If a restricted subnet has been defined, the Element
Manager checks whether the NE that is being defined for management is within
the restricted subnet(s). If it is not, the user will be denied the possibility to manage this NE. Otherwise the NE can be managed.
A restricted IP subnet can also require use of specific SNMP access parameters, in which case a matching SNMP profile must be created.
This section describes how to define restricted IP subnets for the Element Manager.
The following sections are provided:
“Adding a Restricted IP Subnet” on p. 486
“Removing a Restricted IP Subnet” on p. 488
“Enabling Restricted IP Subnets Access” on p. 489
Adding a Restricted IP Subnet
One or more IP subnets can be added to the IP subnet restrictions list. Users
will only be able to manage NEs that are in these IP subnets, when the list has
been enabled.
This procedure describes how to add an restricted IP subnet.
PS
If the IP subnet restriction feature already is enabled, addition of an IP
subnet takes effect the next time the Element Manager is started.
Note
Requirements
•
486
You must be logged in with an account with administrator privilege level.
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A number of IP subnets can be added to the list, but if the use of restricted IP
subnets has not been enabled, they will have no effect. Any change to the list of
restricted IP subnets after this feature has been enabled, requires a re-start of
the Element Manager to take effect.
Appendix C RADIUS Authentication Setup
Procedure
Step 1
Select Security->SNMPv3 via RADIUS.
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window appears.
Step 2
Select the IP Subnet Restrictions tab.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window displays the IP Subnet
Restrictions tab.
Step 3
Select Add.
In response the Add IP Subnet Restriction window appears.
User Manual
Step 4
Enter the IP address for the IP subnet into the IP Address field.
Step 5
Enter the sub net mask for the IP subnet into the Subnet Mask field.
487
Configuring IP Subnet Restrictions
Step 6
Select OK to apply your entries, or Cancel to cancel them.
In response the IP Subnet Restrictions tab content changes.
Step 7
Select OK to close the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window.
Removing a Restricted IP Subnet
This procedure describes how to remove an already defined IP subnet from the
list of IP subnet restrictions.
PS
If the IP subnet restriction feature already is enabled, removal of an IP
subnet takes effect the next time the Element Manager is started.
Note
Requirements
•
You must be logged in with an account with administrator privilege level.
Procedure
Step 1
Select Security->SNMPv3 via RADIUS.
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window appears.
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End of Procedure
Appendix C RADIUS Authentication Setup
Step 2
Select the IP Subnet Restrictions tab.
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In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window displays the IP Subnet
Restrictions tab.
Step 3
Select the relevant IP subnet in the list.
Step 4
Select Remove.
In response the IP subnet is removed from the IP subnet restrictions
list.
Step 5
Select OK to close the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window.
End of Procedure
Enabling Restricted IP Subnets Access
This procedure describes how to enable use of restricted IP subnets. The Element Manager must be restarted afterwards for the change to take effect.
Requirements
•
You must be logged in with an account with administrator privilege level.
Procedure
Step 1
Select Security->SNMPv3 via RADIUS.
In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window appears.
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Configuring IP Subnet Restrictions
Step 2
Select the IP Subnet Restrictions tab.
Step 3
Place a check mark in the Enable IP Subnet Restrictions check box.
Step 4
Select OK to apply your changes and close the SNMPv3 via RADIUS
window.
Step 5
In response a warning window appears.
Step 6
Make a choice:
• Select OK for your entry to be stored. It will take effect, the next
time you start the Element Manager.
• Select Cancel to cancel your entry and return to the SNMPv3 via
RADIUS window for further configuration.
End of Procedure
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In response the SNMPv3 via RADIUS window displays the IP Subnet
Restrictions tab.
Appendix D
Configuring a RADIUS Server
This appendix describes how to configure a RADIUS server that can be used for
remote authentication of Element Managers. It also describes how to test that it
works for authentication.
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
In principle any RADIUS server application can be used, this appendix is based
on using the FreeRADIUS server application for Windows. The FreeRADIUS
server application is available from http://freeradius.org/. It is one of the most
widely deployed RADIUS servers in the world.
This procedure describes how to configure a RADIUS server so it can be used
for authentication of users.
Procedure
Step 1
Install and start a RADIUS server.
Step 2
In the RADIUS server, specify the privilege levels that are supported
by the FSP 3000R7s (clients) that will use this RADIUS server.
Step 3
If necessary, modify the port that the RADIUS server uses to communicate with the Element Manager.
Step 4
Define the IP address for the Element Managers (clients) that will use
this RADIUS server and the shared secret that the RADIUS server
and Element managers (clients) will use.
Step 5
Define as many RADIUS user accounts as needed, including name,
password and user level for each of them.
End of Procedure
The following supporting sections are provided:
“Installing and Starting a RADIUS Server” on p. 492
“Specifying Privilege Levels” on p. 493
“Modifying the Port for RADIUS Authentication” on p. 494
“Defining the Element Manager IP Addresses” on p. 495
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“Defining RADIUS User Accounts” on p. 495
Installing and Starting a RADIUS Server
This procedure describes how to install and start a RADIUS server application.
PS
Note
You must stop and restart the server whenever changes are made to
the RADIUS server’s configuration file. This is necessary because the
daemon must build a memory table of all default attributes contained
in the configuration files.
Procedure
Step 1
Run the installer Setup Wizard on a computer that is reachable for the
network elements.
Step 2
Start the RADIUS server application. An icon will appear in the system tray of your taskbar to show it is running.
The default directory structure created by the installer looks like the
following:
FreeRadius Server Directory
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Figure 30:
End of Procedure
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Appendix D Configuring a RADIUS Server
Specifying Privilege Levels
The privilege levels, their attributes, and values for the FSP 3000R7 shall be
defined in a dictionary file. The privilege levels for the FSP 3000R7 are the
same as for the NEs, and therefore the dictionary file for the NE can be used.
This dictionary file is located in the directory /usr/local/data/ on the NE. This dictionary file uses FreeRADIUS compatible syntax.
Figure 31:
#
Example of RADIUS Dictionary File
Dictionary for ADVA
#
Optical Networking
Fiber Service Platform
#
#
http://www.advaoptical.com
# see http://www.iana.org/assignments/enterprise-numbers
VENDOR
Adva
2544
#note this is the syntax for Freeradius,
ATTRIBUTE
Adva-User-Level 100
integer
Adva
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#
#ATTRIBUTE
Adva
Adva-User-Level 100
integer
VALUE
Adva-User-Level
Super
5
VALUE
Adva-User-Level
Admin
4
VALUE
Adva-User-Level
Provision
3
VALUE
Adva-User-Level
Operate_Control 2
VALUE
Adva-User-Level
Reserved
1
VALUE
Adva-User-Level
Retrieve
0
ATTRIBUTE
Adva-UUM-User-Level
102
integer
Adva
#
#ATTRIBUTE
Adva
Adva-UUM-User-Level
102
integer
VALUE
Adva-UUM-User-Level
Root
5
VALUE
Adva-UUM-User-Level
Admin
4
VALUE
Adva-UUM-User-Level
Provision
3
VALUE
Adva-UUM-User-Level
Operator
2
VALUE
Adva-UUM-User-Level
Reserved
1
VALUE
Adva-UUM-User-Level
Monitor
0
Note that only the text in bold is required for the FSP 3000R7 Element Manager;
the other definitions are for the FSP 2000 Element Manager and can remain in
this file. Lines starting with # are comments.
The privilege levels Root, Provision and Monitor correspond to the Element
Manager user account names Administrator, Provision and Monitor.
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This procedure describes how to provide the RADIUS server with the FSP
3000R7’s privilege levels.
Procedure
Step 1
Download the dictionary file from a network element to your management computer, using SCP or FTP.
Step 2
If necessary, use Notepad (for example) to edit the dictionary file as
necessary so its syntax conforms with that required by your RADIUS
server.
Step 3
If using FreeRADIUS under Linux, add the following line to the dictionary file: $INCLUDE dictionary.adva.
Step 4
Copy the dictionary file to the RADIUS server.
a) For FreeRADIUS on Windows, place the dictionary file in the
location C:\FreeRADIUS.net\share\freeradius.
b) For FreeRADIUS on Linux, place the dictionary file in the location
/usr/share/freeradius.
Modifying the Port for RADIUS Authentication
The RADIUS server uses the file radiusd.conf to define which port the network
element will listen on. Use a text editor to open and modify the file as follows:
Procedure
Step 1
Open the file located in C:\FreeRADIUS.net\etc\raddb\radiusd.conf.
Step 2
Modify the default entry port = 0 to port = 1812.
If the NE is configured for any other port, change the number accordingly.
Step 3
Modify the “reject_delay” setting to “reject_delay = 0”. This means to
send rejects immediately.
End of Procedure
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End of Procedure
Appendix D Configuring a RADIUS Server
Defining the Element Manager IP Addresses
To define the IP address of the Element Managers that will use the RADIUS
server, you must open the file that contains the list of clients that are allowed to
make requests to the RADIUS server. For each client you must enter the network element (client) IP address along with the shared secret between the
server and the client. Use a text editor to open and modify the file as follows:
Procedure
Step 1
Open the file clients.conf located in C:\FreeRADIUS.net\etc\raddb\.
This is an example of content:
FSP 3000R7 R10.3 80000014705 Issue: B, © 2011 ADVA Optical Networking ADVA Confidential
client 172.18.0.0/16
secret = advasecret123
shortname = TS-LAB-Network
Step 2
For each Element Manager client, add an entry in the same fashion,
containing:
• client IP-address/mask for the Element Manager client
• the shared secret the Element Manager will use when communicating with the RADIUS server.
• the shortname for the Element Manager is optional and used for
logging purposes only.
Step 3
Save the edited file and close it.
End of Procedure
Defining RADIUS User Accounts
This procedure describes how to define a RADIUS user account for an Element
Manager user.
Procedure
Step 1
Make a note of the following information for the account:
• RADIUS user account name
• RADIUS user account password
• Element Manager privilege level for the RADIUS user account.
Step 2
Look up which RADIUS privilege level that corresponds to the Element Manager privilege level.
Table 12:
User Manual
Element Manager versus RADIUS Privilege Levels
EM Privilege Level
RADIUS Privilege Level
Administrator
Provision
Monitor
Super
Admin
Retrieve
495
Step 3
Use a text editor to open the file users.conf located in C:\FreeRADIUS.net\etc\raddb\.
Step 4
Define the Element Manager’s RADIUS user account by adding the
following text:
• <RADIUS user account name> Auth-Type := Local
• User-Password == “RADIUS user account password>”
• ADVA-UUM-User-Level = “<RADIUS privilege level>”
For example:
David Auth-Type := Local
User-Password == “David’s secret”
ADVA-UUM-User-Level = “Root”
Step 5
Restart the “FreeRADIUS.net” service on the Windows PC to apply
settings.
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End of Procedure
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Index
A
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admin state 118
alarm
history log 168, 191, 195, 208, 212, 373, 374
alarms 61, 76
color coding 370
disable reporting 370
inhibiting 370
severity 374
Area ID 118
C
change password 59
comma separated file 168, 191, 195, 208, 212, 373, 374
community 54
E
Entity pane 63
entity pane
pane
entity 63
equipment pane 63
events 76
F
FSP Network Manager (FSP NM) 31
see also Network Management System
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G
Graphical User Interface (GUI) 61
H
help 77
I
information pane 63
IP address 53, 118
NE 40, 76
L
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Loopback 230
M
maximum transmit rate 117
memory 75
modes
integrated mode 31
N
NE Pane 63
Network Management System (NMS) 31, 62, 76
O
OSPF routing 118
P
pane
entity 63
equipment 63
information 63
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Index
NE 63
parameter 63
parameter pane 63
password 35
change 59
polling
mechanism 40
proxy ARP 118
R
response
messages 76
routing metric 118
Routing Table 274
S
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security
password 35
SNMP 61, 62
agent 76
community 41, 44
settings 51
traps 62
SNMP Provider 76
communication with 40
standalone 31
System Interface 230
System IP address 230
T
TCA Thresholds 321
Trace 316
trap recipients 53
troubleshooting 40, 44, 66
U
User Datagram Protocol (UDP) 54, 62
users 35
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