U_SKA1_EN
Rev. 0
INTRODUCCION
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Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
INTRODUCTION
Introduction
Presentation
Dear Customer,
First of all, we would like to thank you for choosing a Solé Diesel product. We
recommend that you read this manual carefully before carrying out any of the operations and
keep it close at hand, near the engine, as it can be of great use in the future.
Our goal as a manufacturing company is that you enjoy our product, regardless of the
use you make of it. The equipment manufactured in Solé Diesel facilities is designed to offer the
highest performance in the most demanding operating conditions.
The images, text and information contained in this manual are based on the product’s
features at the time of publication. Solé Diesel reserves the right to modify this document without
prior notice
Abbreviations
BTDC: Before Top Dead Center
ATDC: After Top Dead Center
BBDC: Before Bottom Dead Center
ABDC: After Bottom Dead Center
API: American Petroleum Institute
ACEA: European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association
ASTM: American Society for Testing Materials
TBD: To Be Determined
Units of measurement
Measurements are based on the International System of Units (SI), and their converted
metric values are indicated in parentheses (). For metric conversion, the following rates are used
-
Pressure: 1 Pa = 1,0197 · 10-5 kgf/cm2 = 1 · 10-5 bar
Torque: 1 Nm = 0,10197 kgf·m
Force: 1 N = 0,10197 kgf
Power: 1 W = 1,341 · 10-3 HP
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents
Introduction 2
Table of Contents .............................................................................................................................................. 4
Safety Precautions and Instructions ............................................................................................................... 6
Engine labels.................................................................................................................................................. 8
Solé Diesel warranty ........................................................................................................................................ 10
Solé diesel limited warranty .................................................................................................................................... 10
Solé Diesel extended warranty .............................................................................................................................. 10
Restrictions ................................................................................................................................................................. 11
Responsibilities ........................................................................................................................................................... 12
After-sales service contact ..................................................................................................................................... 12
Service Assistance ........................................................................................................................................... 13
Section 1 - Engine Information ...................................................................................................................... 14
1.1.
1.2.
1.3.
Engine Identification..................................................................................................................... 14
Engine Parts Identification ........................................................................................................... 15
Engine Limited Warranty .............................................................................................................. 16
RESTRICTIONS ............................................................................................................................................................. 16
Section 2 - Transport, Handling and Storage .............................................................................................. 17
2.1.
Reception ....................................................................................................................................... 17
2.2.
Transporting and Handling the Packed Engine ...................................................................... 17
2.3.
Transporting and Handling the Unpacked Engine ................................................................. 18
2.4.
Storage of Packed and Unpacked Engine .............................................................................. 18
Section 3 – Installation .................................................................................................................................... 19
3.1.
Angle of Installation ...................................................................................................................... 19
3.2.
Engine installation ......................................................................................................................... 19
Section 4 – SVT Control Panel ........................................................................................................................ 20
4.1.
4.2.
4.3.
Identification Panel....................................................................................................................... 20
Panel Parts ...................................................................................................................................... 21
Settings ............................................................................................................................................ 22
TACHOMETER CALIBRATION .................................................................................................................................... 22
REPLACING THE LIGHT BULB ..................................................................................................................................... 22
Section 5 - Operation ..................................................................................................................................... 23
5.1.
Prestart Checklist ........................................................................................................................... 23
5.2.
Cranking the Engine ..................................................................................................................... 23
5.3.
Stopping Engine ............................................................................................................................ 24
5.4.
Engine Operation at Low Temperatures ................................................................................... 24
5.5.
Winterzation and Preservation .................................................................................................... 25
5.6.
Maintenance during the storage .............................................................................................. 26
5.7.
Restoration of Operational Conditions ..................................................................................... 26
Section 6 - Systems and Scheduled Maintenance ................................................................................... 27
6.1.
6.2.
6.3.
Operating Description.................................................................................................................. 27
Periodic Maintenance Schedule ............................................................................................... 27
General ........................................................................................................................................... 29
MAINTENANCE TASK. SCREW TIGHTENING, FASTENINGT ..................................................................................... 29
MAINTENANCE TASK. VALVE CLEARANCE INSPECTION ...................................................................................... 29
MAINTENANCE TASK. COMPRESSION PRESSURE INSPECTION ............................................................................. 30
6.4.
Lubrication System ........................................................................................................................ 31
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................................................................... 31
OIL SPECIFICATIONS.................................................................................................................................................. 31
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
MAINTENANCE TASK. OIL FILTER CHANGE ............................................................................................................. 31
MAINTENANCE TASK. OIL LEVEL CHECK ................................................................................................................ 31
MAINTENANCE TASK. OIL FILL / CHANGE .............................................................................................................. 32
6.5.
Fuel System ..................................................................................................................................... 33
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................................................................... 33
FUEL SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................................................................... 33
MAINTENANCE TASK. FUEL LEVEL INSPECTION ...................................................................................................... 33
MAINTENANCE TASK. FUEL TANK CLEAN ................................................................................................................ 33
MAINTENANCE TASK. WATER SEPARATOR FILTER PURGUE .................................................................................. 33
MAINTENANCE TASK. FUEL FILTER CHANGE ........................................................................................................... 34
MAINTENANCE TASK. INJECTION PUMP INSPECTION ........................................................................................... 34
MAINTENANCE TASK. INJECTOR INSPECTION....................................................................................................... 34
MAINTENANCE TASK. BLEEDING AIR FROM THE FUEL SYSTEM ............................................................................. 35
6.6.
Cooling System .............................................................................................................................. 36
COOLANT CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................................................... 36
SEAWATER CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................................................... 36
COOLAN SPECIFICATIONS ....................................................................................................................................... 36
MAINTENANCE TASK. COOLANT CHECK ............................................................................................................... 36
MAINTENANCE TASK. COOLANT FILL / CHANGE .................................................................................................. 37
MAINTENANCE TASK. SEAWATER FILTER INSPECTION ........................................................................................... 37
MAINTENANCE TASK. SEAWATER PUMP IMPELLER INSPECTION .......................................................................... 37
MAINTENANCE TASK. ZINC ANODE INSPECTION .................................................................................................. 38
6.7.
Inlet and Exhaust System ............................................................................................................. 38
EXHAUST CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION .............................................................................................................................. 38
MAINTENANCE TASK. AIR FILTER INSPECTION ........................................................................................................ 39
MAINTENANCE TASK. EXHAUST GAS, NOISE AND VIBRATIONS INSPECTION ..................................................... 39
6.8.
Electrical System ............................................................................................................................ 40
PANEL SVT .................................................................................................................................................................. 40
BATTERY ...................................................................................................................................................................... 40
CIRCUIT PROTECTION ............................................................................................................................................... 40
MAINTENANCE TASK. INCANDESCENT GLOW PLUG INSPECTION ...................................................................... 40
MAINTENANCE TASK. STARTER MOTOR INSPECTION ............................................................................................ 41
MAINTENANCE TASK. ALTERNATOR BELT TENSION INSPECTION .......................................................................... 41
MAINTENANCE TASK. BATTERY LEVEL...................................................................................................................... 41
Section 7 - Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................................... 41
Section 8 – Technical Specifications ............................................................................................................ 47
Section 9 – Tightening Torques ...................................................................................................................... 49
Section 10 – Wiring Diagrams ........................................................................................................................ 50
Section 11 – Overall Dimensions ................................................................................................................... 54
Section 12 - Instructions to Replace and Remove .................................................................................... 56
Inspection prior to the delivery of propulsion engines .............................................................................. 57
Maintenance Log............................................................................................................................................ 59
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SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS
Safety Precautions and Instructions
Solé Diesel is concerned for your safety and your machine’s condition. Safety Precautions
and Instructions are one of the primary ways to call your attention to the potential hazards
associated with our engine operation. Follow the precautions listed throughout the manual
before and during operation and maintenance procedures for your safety, the safety of others
and the performance of your engine.
Types of Safety Precautions:
Indicates the presence of a hazard that can cause severe personal injuries, death or
substantial property damages.
Indicates the presence of a hazard that will or can cause minor personal injuries or property
damages.
Communicates installation, operation and maintenance information that is safety related
but not hazard related.
Servicing the fuel system and combustible materials. A flash fire can cause severe injury
or death.
Do not smoke or permit flames or sparks near the fuel injection system, fuel line, fuel
filter, fuel pump, or other potential sources of spilled fuels or fuel vapours. Never add
fuel to the tank while the engine is running because spilled fuel may ignite on
contact with hot parts or from sparks.
Catch fuels in an approved container when removing the fuel line or fuel system. Keep the fuel
lines and connections tight and in good condition. Do not replace flexible fuel lines with rigid lines
and use flexible sections to avoid fuel line breakage caused by vibrations.
Keep the compartment and the engine clean and free of debris to minimize the risk of fire.
Servicing the air cleaner. A sudden backfire can cause severe injury or death.
Do not operate the engine with the air cleaner/silencer removed.
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SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS
Combustible materials. A fire can cause severe injury or death.
Engine fuels, fuel vapours and combustible materials are flammable and explosive.
Handle these materials carefully to minimize the risk of fire or explosion. Equip the
compartment or nearby area with a fully charged fire extinguisher. In case of fire do
not open sound shield compartment and follow these instructions:
-
Shut down engine(s)
Continuously discharge entire contents of a halon or CO 2 portable fire
extinguisher (or other provision) immediately.
Carbon monoxide (CO) can cause severe nausea, fainting or death.
-
Engine exhaust gases contains carbon monoxide gas. Carbon monoxide is an
odourless, colourless, tasteless, no irritating gas that can cause death if inhaled
for even a short time.
Get fresh air and do not sit, lie down or fall asleep if anyone shows signs of
carbon monoxide poisoning:
Light-headedness, dizziness
Physical fatigue, weakness in joints and muscles. Sleepiness, mental fatigue, inability
to concentrate or speak clearly, blurred vision. Stomachache, vomiting, nausea.
Keep the area around the battery well ventilated. While the engine is running or the
battery is charging, hydrogen gas is produced which can be easily ignited.
Never allow battery fluid (battery contains sulfuric acid) to come in contact with
clothing, skin or eyes. Always wear safety gloves and protective clothing when
servicing the battery. If battery fluid contacts the eyes and/or skin, immediately
flush the affected area with a large amount of clean water and obtain prompt
medical treatment.
Moving parts. Keep hands, feet, hair, clothing and test leads away from
the belts and pulleys when the engine is running. Replace guards,
screens and covers before operating the engine.
Before working on the engine or connected equipment, disable the engine as follows:
Set the engine controller (SVT) to OFF Mode.
(1) Disconnect the power input from battery.
(2) Disconnect the battery cables. Remove the negative (-) lead first when
disconnecting the battery. Reconnect the negative (-) lead last when
reconnecting the battery.
Follow these precautions to prevent the starting of the engine by engine controller (SVT),
remote start/stop switch, or engine start command from a remote computer.
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SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS
Never remove the cooler cap if the engine is hot. Steam and hot engine
coolant will spurt out and seriously burn you. Allow the engine to cool down
before you attempt to remove the cooler cap.
Read the engine operator's manual and understand it before operation and
maintenance of the engine, to ensure that it continues operating practices and maintenance
procedures.
Hearing protection. Use to avoid hearing loss when handling the motor.
1.
2.
3.
The installer / operator of the engine has to wear suitable CLOTHING for the workplace
and the situation; in particular, avoid loose clothes, chains, bracelets, rings and all
accessories that could become entangled with moving parts.
The installer / operator of the engine has to wear personal protective equipment such as
gloves, work shoes, eye and hearing protection as required by the task.
The area in which the operator is working has to be kept tidy and free of oil and other
liquid spillages and solid waste (metal chips, etc.).
Engine labels
If the engine does not turn after several attempts to
crank may cause water entering the engine. In this
situation it is recommended:
1) Close the seacock.
2) Drain the water from the exhaust system in the
water trap.
3) Do not try to restart the engine until the cause of
the start fail is identified.
The engine and the gearbox are supplied without any fluid
inside. Consult the manual to follow the installation procedure
and commissioning as well as the fluid capacity - coolant, oil
and oil of gearbox -.
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SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS
Read the engine operator's manual and understand it before operation and maintenance of the
engine, to ensure that it continues operating practices and maintenance procedures insurance.
Dangerous voltage. Operate the engine only when all
guards and electrical panels are ready.
Hot parts, coolant and steam. Stop the engine and let it
cool down before touching or removing any engine part.
Moving parts. Keep hands, feet, hair, clothing and test
leads away from the belts and pulleys when the engine is
running. Replace guards, screens and covers before
operating the engine.
Heavy material. Engine is a heavy element, use the right tools for transportation and handling.
Do not use the motor as a step. Use it as a step can cause engine damage plus cause undesired
operation.
Connection point of the battery cables to the engine. Red cable
(positive) and black cable (negative).
Identification on the engine of the coolant fill cap.
See section 6.6. Refrigeration system.
Identification on the engine of the lubricating oil fill
plug. See section 6.4. Lubrication system.
Tag line installation engine exhaust, above and below the waterline. See 6.7. Intake and
exhaust system.
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SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS
Solé Diesel warranty
Read the manual and documents delivered with each engine before carrying out any of
the operations or presenting any queries. The engine is supplied without any liquids. Ensure that
the liquids used match the specifications contained in Solé Diesel manuals.
The application of the conditions described in this document shall only be effective for
engines or generator sets that have been invoiced after January 1, 2012.
Solé diesel limited warranty
Solé Diesel guarantees that at the time of shipment all its engines and generator sets
comply with the provided specifications and do not have any manufacturing defects.
The limited warranty provided by Solé Diesel enters into force from the time of sale to the
firs end-purchaser or user of the engine or generator ser. In the event that the product is not
immediately delivered to the end-customer, the warranty shall enter into force 6 months after the
date of sale. Any limited warranty period that has not elapsed can be transferred to the following
purchaser (s).
Unless authorised otherwise by Solé Diesel, the warranty periods are applied according to
the time elapsed in months from the date of purchase or the limit of hours of operation
(whichever occurs first) listed in the following table:
Limited Warranty Coverage Periods
Product
Pleasure
Work
Months
Hours
Months
Hours
Propulsion Engines
24
1000
12
2000
Generator Sets
24
1000
12
1000
Solé Diesel extended warranty
Solé Diesel an extended period of coverage for the following components: engine block,
cylinder head, crankshaft, camshaft, flywheel housing, timing gear housing, timing gear, conrod.
Extended Coverage Periods
Product
10
Pleasure
Work
Months
Hours
Months
Hours
Propulsion Engines
36
1500
-
-
Generator Sets
36
1000
-
-
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SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS
Restrictions
Coverage:
a) The warranty covers any failure of the product under normal opera- ting conditions
caused by a defect in manufacturing.
b) The warranty covers the labour costs necessary to replace and/or repair the defective
original components, according to Solé Diesel standards of excellence. The time period
covered for these operatio- ns is limited to 4 hours.
c) The warranty covers reasonable costs of travel required to carry out the necessary
operations. The travel distance is limited to 300 kilome- tres in conjunction to a travel time
of 3 hours.
Excluded from coverage:
a) If Solé Diesel products are installed and used alongside other products not designed or
manufactured by Solé Diesel that affect their operation, the warranty shall apply
exclusively to the Solé Diesel products and shall not apply if the products from another
manufacturer are inappropriate for use alongside Solé Diesel products or are the cause
of the failure or poor operation of our products.
b) The warranty shall not apply if the revisions and maintenance services indicated in the
User and Maintenance Manuals have not been adhered to properly. In case of
implemented warranty, supporting document of the revisions and maintenance service
should be exhibited, proving the requirements outlined in the manuals have been
followed.
c) Deterioration resulting from time of storage exceeding 6 months and/or storage
conditions that do not comply with the procedures described in the User and
Maintenance Manuals.
d) Deterioration resulting from not complying with the procedure for winter storage while the
engine is not in service, as described in the User and Maintenance Manuals.
e) Faults due to negligence, lack of service, accidents, abnormal use and inadequate
service or installation.
f)
Faults due to the use of components not manufactured or sold by Solé Diesel.
g) Faults due to electrical installations that do not comply with Solé Diesel design
specifications or are not expressly approved by Solé Diesel.
h) Faults due to the use of and operation with fuels, oils or lubricants that are not authorised
by Solé Diesel.
i)
Faults due to water entering the cylinder(s) through the exhaust system.
j)
Faults in propulsion engines due to the use of a propeller that is inadequate for the load
or application. We recommend contacting Solé Diesel to consult the choice of the
correct propeller(s).
k)
Failure for general omission of the procedures described in the User and Maintenance
Manuals.
l)
Components subjected to normal operating wear and tear.
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SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS
m) Costs due to phone communications, loss of time or money, discomfort, launching,
grounding, removal or replacement of vessel parts or materials because the design of
the vessel makes it neces- sary to do so to access the engine, and damage and/or
accidents caused as a result of a failure.
Responsibilities
Responsibilities of the manufacturer:
The obligations of Solé Diesel are restricted to repairing the defecti- ve parts or, IF
DEEMED APPROPRIATE BY SOLÉ DIESEL, returning the amount of the purchase or replacing the
parts to prevent poor operation resulting from defective materials or faults in the manu-facture
covered by the warranty.
Solé Diesel reserves the right to modify the design of any of its products without taking on
any obligation to modify a product that has been manufactured previously.
This manual, as well as technical documentation, manuals or pamphlets may
undergo modifications without prior notice.
Responsibilities of the purchaser:
The purchaser shall be responsible for the care, operation and maintenance of the
product in compliance with the contents of the User and Maintenance Manuals. The purchaser
shall provide proof of all the maintenance services performed on the product. The costs of said
services and that of the components and liquids replaced during said services shall be at the
expense of the purchaser.
The maintenance operations described in this manual shall be performed during the
Warranty Contract Periods (Limited and Extended Coverage) by an AUTHORISED SOLÉ DIESEL
DEALER. Non-compliance with this condition shall void the warranty in all its terms. In such an
event, the materials (oil, filters, etc.) and labour involved shall be at the expense of the purchaser.
The purchaser should keep the invoice of the work performed as proof.
If the service is not covered by the warranty, the purchaser must pay for all labour
performed, the associated materials and any other expense related to the service.
All shipments of products or components sent by the purchaser for inspection and repair
shall be paid in advance by the purchaser.
After-sales service contact
Claims shall be presented during the warranty period to the nearest authorised Solé
Diesel dealer (see chart of Solé Diesel Dealers), who shall take care the service covered by the
warranty.
The purchaser must provide proof of purchase and date of purchase by presenting the
authorised dealer with an original copy of the Warranty Registry Card. If this is not available, the
purchaser must provide a copy of the purchase invoice of the product in question. Claims under
warranty shall not be dealt with by the dealer until the date of purchase has been verified.
The following information must also be provided by the purchaser:
a) Owner’s name, address and contact telephone number.
b) Product model and serial number.
c) Number of service hours of the product.
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SAFETY PRECAUTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS
d) Detailed description of the problem.
e) Information regarding any repair or installation performed by a service not included in
the Solé Diesel distribution network, as well as the services performed.
Service Assistance
For an updated list of our distribution network, visit Dealers section in our web page
www.solediesel.com.
Or request this information by contacting Solé Diesel at:
e-mail: info@solediesel.com
Phone: +34 93 775 14 00
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ENGINE INFORMATION
Section 1 - Engine Information
1.1. Engine Identification
IDENTIFICATION LABEL:
The nameplate is located above the refrigerator.
ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER:
In addition, all engines are marked with the serial number on the block, on the fuel injection
pump.
The standard engine can operate at temperatures between -18 ° C and + 45 ° C.
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ENGINE INFORMATION
1.2. Engine Parts Identification
PIECE ELEMENT
1
2
AIR FILTER
GEARBOX CONTROL
LEVER
3
GEARBOX
4
STARTER
5
6
COOLING SYSTEM
COOLING DRAIN
PLUG
7
ALTERNATOR
8
COOLANT FILLER CAP
PIECE ELEMENT
9
OIL FILLER CAP
10
SEA WATER PUMP
11
FUEL FILTER
12
OIL FILTER
13
OIL DIPSTICK
14
OIL DRAIN PLUG
15
RELAYS COVER
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ENGINE INFORMATION
1.3. Engine Limited Warranty
The limited warranty provided by Solé Diesel enters into force from the time of sale to the
first end-purchaser or user of the engine. In the event that the product is not immediately
delivered to the end-customer, the warranty shall enter into force 6 months after the date of sale.
Any limited warranty period that has not elapsed can be transferred to the following
purchaser(s).
Unless authorized otherwise by Solé Diesel, the warranty period is applied according to
the time elapsed in months from the date of purchase or the limit of hours of operation
(whichever occurs first).
ENGINE FOR
PROFESSIONAL USE
MONTHS
HOURS
LIMITED WARRANTY COVERAGE PERIODS
EXTENDED COVERAGE PERIODS
ENGINE FOR
RECREATIONAL USE
MONTHS
HOURS
12
2000
24
1000
-
-
24
1000
Extended coverage (only recreational engines) is applied to the following components:
-
Engine block
Cylinder head
Crankshaft
Camshaft
Flywheel housing
Timing gear housing
Timing gear
Connecting rod
RESTRICTIONS
Coverage:
a) The warranty covers any failure of the product under normal operating conditions
caused by a defect in manufacturing.
b) The warranty covers the labor costs necessary to replace and/or repair the defective
original components, according to Solé Diesel standards of excellence. The time period
covered for these operations is limited to 4 hours.
c) The warranty covers reasonable costs of travel required to carry out the necessary
operations. The travel distance is limited to 300 kilometers in conjunction with a travel
time of 3 hours.
To see EXCLUDING COVERAGE and more information about responsibilities and more,
consult the Warranty Manual.
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TRANSPORT, HANDLING AND STORAGE
Section 2 - Transport, Handling and Storage
2.1. Reception
When the engine is delivered make sure that the packing has not been damaged during
transport and that it has not been tampered with or that components inside the packing have
been removed (see information marked on covers, bases and cartons).
Place the packed engine as close as possible to the place of installation and remove the
packing material, checking that the goods supplied correspond to the order specifications.
If you notice damage or missing parts, inform SOLÉ S.A. after-sales departments and the
carrier immediately and forward photographic evidence of the damage.
After inspecting the goods if you notice damage, write a reservation on the delivery
note. Have the carrier countersign the note and advise SOLÉ S.A., preferably by mail
(info@solediesel.com).
2.2. Transporting and Handling the Packed Engine
When lifting and transporting the engine use EXCLUSIVELY a forklift or bridge crane of
appropriate load capacity, with chains equipped with safety hooks suitable for lifting the load.
The use of any other system automatically invalidates the insurance guarantee against
possible damage to the engine.
To unpack the engine, you must follow these steps:
1.
Remove the cardboard crate.
2.
Lift the engine using a forklift and suitable
chains, which hook to the engine
eyebolts.
3.
Transfer the engine to the intended
position of installation.
4.
Remove the wooden base.
5.
Begin installation operations.
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TRANSPORT, HANDLING, AND STORAGE
2.3. Transporting and Handling the Unpacked Engine
When the engine is unpacked and ready for transport, use EXCLUSIVELY the appropriate
lifting eyebolts.
2.4. Storage of Packed and Unpacked Engine
If the engine is left idle for prolonged periods, the client must check the possible
conditions of conservation in relation to the place of storage.
If the engine is unused for prolonged periods and stored, observe all the relative
technical specifications.
The treatment of the engine for storage is guaranteed for 6 months after the time of delivery (as
specified in Section 1.3 or in the Warranty Manual).
If the user decides to start the engine after a long time period, this must be done in the
presence of an authorized technic
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INSTALLATION
Section 3 – Installation
3.1. Angle of Installation
Make sure the engine is installed on a level surface. Otherwise, the following angular
operation maximum is permitted:
SK-60
Continuously
20º
Temporary
30º
If the engine operates in these conditions, check Section 6.5. Lubrication System.
3.2. Engine installation
Follow these steps to install the engine:
1. FIX ENGINE. See Section 11 Overall Dimensions and Section 9 Tightening torques.
2. ENGINE COUPLING. Couple the motor to the inverter, hydraulic pump, alternator or power
extraction mechanism correctly.
3. CONNECT EXHAUST OUTLET. See Section 11 Overall Dimensions
1.
WET EXHAUST OUTLET
2.
DRY EXHAUST OUTLET + SEAWATER OUTLET
4. CONNECT SIPHON BREAKER. (if installed) See Section 11 Overall Dimensions
5. CONNECT SEAWATER INLET. See Section 11 Overall Dimensions
6. CONNECT FUEL INLET. See Section 11 Overall Dimensions
7. CONNECT LEAK COOLANT OUTLET. See Section 11 Overall Dimensions
8. FILL WITH OIL. See 6.4 Lubrication System.
9. FILL WITH COOLANT. See 6.6 Cooling System.
10. CHECK EACH PIPE CONNECTION for oil or coolant leaks.
11. PRIME THE FUEL SYSTEM. See 6.5 Fuel System
12. CONNECT TO SVT PANEL. See Section 11 Overall Dimensions
13. CONNECT TO BATTERY. Follow label battery connection into the engine.
It is necessary to install a waterlock (supplied as accessory) in the exhaust system to avoid
water ingestion (See section 6.7).
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SVT CONTROL PANEL
Section 4 – SVT Control Panel
4.1. Identification Panel
The SVT range consists of a control and protection panel set used with
propulsion engines. All units are designed for easy operation by both the installer and
the end customer, with different degrees of performance, depending on the model.
All panels are identified according to their model in the bottom right section (model SVT
10 is identified on the right).
SVT 10
SVT 20
SVT 30
SVT 40
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
-
•
•
•
-
PANEL
ELECTRONIC BOARD
•
•
Battery alarm
•
High temperature alarm
•
Low oil pressure alarm
FIVE POSITIONS KEY SWITCH
•
Engine stop
•
Turn off electronic board
•
Turn on electronic board
•
Engine pre-heating
•
Engine start-up
INSTRUMENTS
Tachometer / Hourmeter
Pre-heating pilot light
Coolant temperature
gauge
Oil pressure gauge
Voltmeter
-
The standard model is SVT 20
20
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
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SVT CONTROL PANEL
4.2. Panel Parts
PRE-HEATING
The LED light turns on when the pre-heating spark plugs receive power. It turns off after a
few seconds to indicate that the engine is ready for start-up.
NOTE: The only purpose of this LED is to inform the user, it does not act on the engine. The
pre-heating spark plugs keep working even if the LED light is not on.
BATTERY CHARGING FAULT
The LED and the buzzer are activated when the alternator is not charging the battery.
NOTE: When the engine is off, the alternator is usually not charging and this alarm is on.
HIGH COOLANT TEMPERATURE
The LED and the buzzer turn on when the coolant temperature is too high.
NOTE: This alarm should never appear during normal engine operation.
LOW OIL PRESSURE
El led y el zumbador se encienden cuando la presión de aceite es demasiado baja.
NOTA: Cuando el motor está apagado es normal que la presión del aceite sea baja y
esta alarma esté funcionando.
HIGH SEAWATER TEMPERATURE
This panel part is prepared to install a LED that turns on when the seawater temperature
at the exhaust outlet is more than 70ºC. In addition, in case of alarm, the buzzer will emit
a sound. It is necessary to install the kit alarm temperature exhaust ref. 60900280.
FIVE POSITION KEY SWITCH
The contact key switch is directly connected to the battery (PIN 30) and depending on its
position (STOP, OFF, ON, PRE-HEATING, START), the key supplies certain pins/connectors
where the different electronic devices are connected.
TACHOMETER AND HOURMETER
The tachometer displays the revolutions of the engine and is adjusted for each engine
model. If the panel is to be used for an engine other than Solé Diesel models, the
tachometer should be adjusted (see Section 4.3 Settings).
The screen located at the bottom of the clock is the work hours counter.
The hourglass blinks when its counting the work hours; if it does not blink, it
is not counting.
COOLANT TEMPERATURE GAUGE
The thermometer indicates the coolant temperature.
The pressure meter indicates the pressure of the lubrication circuit.
VOLTMETER
The voltmeter indicates the voltage of the engine electrical installation,
generated by the alternator.
NOTE: During the start-up stage, when the key switch is at the ON and PREHEATING
POSITION, the meter displays the battery voltage, as the
alternator is not yet working.
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SVT CONTROL PANEL
4.3. Settings
TACHOMETER CALIBRATION
The tachometers supplied with the panel are calibrated in the factory. The user must only
calibrate tachometers purchased as spare parts.
The tachometer can be calibrated with the switch at the rear. To know its position, the
pulley ratio must be calculated.
After calculating the pulley ratio, refer to the table (approximate value, if required) and
rotate the tachometer switch.
Tachometer switch
If the pulley ratio is not exactly the same as in the table, the
calibration must be completed with the Calibrator (CAL).
Introduce a small flat screwdriver into the calibrator (CAL)
at the rear of the meter. Carefully calibrate the mechanism
moving the meter needle forwards or backwards until it
corresponds to the engine speed.
REPLACING THE LIGHT BULB
Unscrew the cap of the light bulb (rear of the meters) and
change the light bulb.
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OPERATION
Section 5 - Operation
5.1. Prestart Checklist
Follow these checks and inspections to ensure the correct engine operation. In addition,
some checks require verification after unit starts.
AIR CLEANER: Check for a clean and installed air cleaner element to prevent unfiltered
air from entering the engine.
AIR INLETS: Check for clean and unobstructed air inlets.
BATTERY: Check for tight battery connections.
COOLANT LEVEL: Check the coolant level according to coolant circuit capacity.
DRIVE BELTS: Check the belt condition and tension of the coolant pump and battery
charging alternator belt.
EXHAUST SYSTEM: Check for exhaust leaks and blockages. Check the silencer and piping
condition and check for tight exhaust system connections.
Check that the exhaust outlet is unobstructed.
FUEL LEVEL: Check the fuel level and keep the tank(s) full to ensure adequate fuel supply.
OIL LEVEL: Maintain the oil level below dipstick high mark and above dipstick low mark.
OPERATING AREA: Check for obstructions that could block the flow of admission air.
SEAWATER PUMP PRIMING: Prime the seawater pump before initial startup. To prime the
pump:
-
Close the seacock
Remove the hose from the seawater-filter outlet
Fill the hose and seawater pump with clean water
Reconnect the hose to the water filter outlet
Open the seacock
Confirm seawater pump operation on startup as indicated by water discharge from the
exhaust outlet.
5.2. Cranking the Engine
1.
TURN ON THE KEY POSITION. To start all instruments
with fuel pump.
2.
TURN THE KEY TO PREHEATING POSITION. To heat
the engine for a few seconds before the start.
3.
TURN THE KEY TO STARTER POSITION. To feed the
starter and start the engine.
If the engine doesn't start after several attempts to start, may cause water entering in the
engine. See warning label on the engine.
After starting up the engine, check the following points. If you find anything wrong,
immediately stop the engine, and then investigate the cause.
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OPERATION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Lubrication oil pressure should be from 0,19 to 0,39 MPa (2 to 4 kgf/cm2) (2 to 4 bar)
at nominal speed.
Coolant temperature should be 75 to 85ºC.
Oil temperature should be 60 to 95ºC.
Check for leakage of oil, coolant and fuel.
Knocking should die away as coolant temperature rises. No other defective noise
should be heard.
Check for exhaust colour and abnormal odours.
5.3. Stopping Engine
1.
REMOVE ENGINE LOAD. Before turning off the engine, it
must be freed of all charges (disengaged gearbox to
neutral)
2.
TURN THE KEY TO STOP POSITION. The key automatically
returns to the OFF position. All instruments are off.
3.
CLOSE THE SEACOCK.
If the needle of tachometer is marking counter rpm when the engine is off, turn the key
back to ON and then OFF again.
The engine has a MANUAL STOP system. For it, follow the instructions below:
1.
Move the speed control lever
(2) and run the engine at
idle.
2.
Set the engine stop lever (1)
to position (A).
3.
With the contact key in the
OFF position, remove the key.
Don’t keep the stop lever into
the position (A) after stop the
engine, so that it be prepared to the next start.
In engines with turbocharger, stop the engine after being warming for 5 minutes. If the engine
stops suddenly after being working in an overloading state, the turbocharger could be
damage5.4. Engine Operation at Low Temperatures
5.4. Engine Operation at Low Temperatures
Whenever the atmospheric temperature drops below zero, the following series of
circumstances occur:
▪
▪
▪
▪
▪
24
The cooling liquids may freeze.
The oil becomes thicker.
There is a drop in the voltage at the battery terminals.
The inlet air temperature is low and the engine has difficulty in starting.
The fuel loses fluidity.
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OPERATION
To prevent the damage caused by low temperature operation, the engine should be
prepared:
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Use special low temperature coolant or suitable anti-freezing agent concentration.
Close the seawater cock, when the engine is stopped. Open the seawater filter
cover and start the engine adding a mixture of freshwater and suitable anti-freezing
agent concentration (see package labels) until the seawater circuit is filled
completely. Stop the engine and replace the seawater filter cover. Before starting
the engine again, open the seawater cock.
Repeat this operation whenever the engine is used at temperatures below 0ºC.
Use oil with suitable quality and viscosity. SAE 15W40 is recommended. Under
extreme conditions contact with technical support.
Cover battery with an adequate material to protect it against the cold. Check that
the battery is fully charged.
It is also advisable to use a dielectric spray on the electrical connections.
When starting the engine, make sure that the glow plugs become hot enough.
If necessary, replace the diesel oil by a specified diesel oil type for low temperatures.
The accumulation of impurities in the fuel tank could cause faulty firing.
All engines not in use are subject to rusting and corrosion of machined surfaces that are
not protected with a paint coating. The degree of corrosion depends on meteorological
changes and climatic conditions. The following recommendations are therefore of a general
nature but they will help prevent or reduce the risk of damage due to rusting.
5.5. Winterzation and Preservation
If the boat is not going to be used for a long period of time or during the winter, certain
tasks must be carried out to keep it in perfect operating condition. If there is no care, the inside
parts can oxidize and cause damage on the engine. When the engine is stored, steps indicated
below have to been follow:
1.
2.
Clean the outer surface of the engine.
Bleed the seawater circuit by filling it with fresh water. Fill the seawater circuit again
with a mixture of fresh water and anti-freezing agent.
3. Remove the impeller from the seawater pump, clean it with fresh water and store it in
place protected from moisture and sunlight.
4. Renew and refill the heat exchanger to the maximum level with a mixture of fresh
water and anti-freezing agent.
5. Renew the oil in the engine.
6. Cover the air intake.
7. If the fuel tank is small, empty it completely and clean it; fill it up again with a mixture
of diesel and anti-corrosion additive. Solé S.A. recommends DIECYL PLUS. Add one
measure of this additive for every 25 liters of diesel. On the other hand, if the fuel tank
is large, add 1 liter of this additive for every 500 liters of diesel.
8. Clean and dry the area where the engine is installed.
9. Loosen the belts.
10. Apply dielectric spray on the electrical connection, disassemble the battery and
charge it several times during the time it is not being used.
11. Apply moisture repellent spray on the motor.
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OPERATION
5.6. Maintenance during the storage
During the long engine storage, it has to be stored inside a ventilated area and free of
humidity.
When the engine stay stopped for 3 months or more, inside parts can be oxidize and lost
the oil film. As a result, the engine could to size up after the storage. To avoid this, the engine must
work periodically during the storage.
Realize the following steps at least once per month:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
In case that has a battery next to the engine, check the electrolyte level and fill it.
Start the engine during approximately 10 seconds.
Stop the engine during 1 minute. Repeat this action two or three times.
Be sure that oil pressure of the engine increase.
Get the engine work during 5 or 10 minutes without load, as maintenance operation.
5.7. Restoration of Operational Conditions
When starting up the engine again after winter lay-up, certain operations must be
performed. Follow these steps:
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
26
Fill the fuel tank with clean diesel. The mixture of diesel oil and anti-corrosion additive
in tank for winter lay-up can be used to operate the engine.
Check the fuel filter. If the filter is clogged, replace the filter.
Renew the oil in the engine.
Check the condition of coolant circuit’s rubber hoses.
Reconnect the battery and apply a layer of neutral Vaseline to the battery terminals.
Remove the nozzle supports and clean them. If possible, verify the setting of the
nozzles at a workshop. Then install the clean nozzles.
Connect the cooling and exhaust system. Open the seawater cock.
Verify whether there are any leaks in the fuel, coolant and oil systems.
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
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SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
Section 6 - Systems and Scheduled Maintenance
6.1. Operating Description
Information of special tools required and basic safety precautions.
Disassembly:
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
Use the correct tools and instruments. Serious injury or damage to the engine can
result from using the wrong tools and instruments.
Use an overhaul stand or work bench if necessary. Also, use assembly bins to keep
the engine parts in order of removal.
Lay down disassembled or cleaned parts in the order in which they were removed.
This will save you time at reassembly.
Pay attention to the marks on assemblies, components and parts for positions or
directions. Put on your own marks, if necessary, to aid reassembly.
Carefully check each part for faults during removal or cleaning. Signs of abnormal
wear will tell if parts or assemblies are functioning improperly.
When lifting or carrying heavy parts, get someone to help you if the part is too
awkward for one person to handle. Use jacks and chain blocks when necessary.
Reassembly:
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
Wash all engine parts, except oil seals, O-rings, rubber seals, etc. in cleaning solvent
and dry them.
Use only the correct tools and instruments.
Use only good quality lubricating oils and greases. Be sure to apply a coat of oil,
grease, or sealant to parts as specified.
Use a torque wrench to tighten parts when specified tightening torques is required.
Replace all gaskets and packing. Apply appropriate amount of adhesive or liquid
gasket when required.
Increase the frequency of maintenance in harsh duty conditions (frequent stops and
starts, dusty surrounding, prolonged winter season, no-load running).
Risk of burns during maintenance operations carried out when the engine is hot.
Wear suitable safety clothing.
It is strictly forbidden to clean the engine with compressed air.
It is strictly forbidden to perform maintenance/cleaning operations in the presence of
moving parts.
Use gloves, overalls, etc. to protect the body from burns.
6.2. Periodic Maintenance Schedule
The maintenance and fault diagnostic procedures involve risks that may cause severe
injury or even death. These procedures should therefore be carried out solely by qualified
electrical and mechanical specialists. Before any maintenance and cleaning work, make sure
that there are no moving parts, that the generator housing has cooled to ambient temperature,
that the electricity generating set cannot be accidentally started up and that all procedures are
strictly observed.
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SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
Intervals
Inspection Item
Daily
Screw tightening, fastening.
General
1st 20h50h
Every
200h
I
Every
400h
Every
800h
L
Valve clearance.
Engine oil.
I
I
I
I
Oil filter.
Fuel level.
C
C
C
C
C
Fuel filter.
V
C
I
I
Injector.
I
Air filter.
I
C
Turbocharger
I
I
C
Salt water circuit.
C
I/L
Anode
I/C
Water filter.
I
Sea water cock.
I
L
Salt water pump impeller.
Electrical system
V/L/I
C
Injection pump.
Cooling system
L
C
Water separator filter (if
applicable).
Coolant.
C
I
Fuel tank.
Intake system
Winter storage and
Preservation
I
Compression pressure.
Fuel system
Every 2
years
Engine block.
Exhaust gas, noise and vibrations.
Lubrication system*
Every
year
L
I/C
I
Incandescent glow plug.
I
Starter motor and alternator
12/24V.
I
Alternator 12/24V belt and tension.
I
Battery level.
I
I/L
I
C
I
I
C
* Use oil with 15W40 viscosity and no less than ACEA E5 or API CH-4/SJ quality.
I: Inspect, adjust or fill. E: Empty. C: Change. CL: Clean.
.
.
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SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
6.3. General
Solé Diesel offers, for these engine models, a maintenance kit:
Ref. kit
1A040110
MAINTENANCE TASK. SCREW TIGHTENING, FASTENINGT
For details of tightening torques see Section 9 Torques.
MAINTENANCE TASK. VALVE CLEARANCE INSPECTION
The rocker cover must be dismounted to check the valve clearance. This operation must
be carried out when the engine is cold.
Ítem
Valve clearance (cold setting)
Assembly standard
Inlet exhaust
0,18 to 0,22 mm
INSPECTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove the cap from the cylinder head
Align the "1TC" mark (3) on the steering wheel and the
protuberance (2) of the housing. Make sure the No. 1
piston comes to the compression position or overlaps
with the top dead center.
Examine the valve set clearance (1) with a thickness
gauge.
If clearance is not within the factory specifications,
adjust it with the set screw.
-
Valve clearance should be inspected and adjusted when the engine is cold.
The "1TC" mark on the steering wheel is only valid for cylinder No. 1. There is no "TC"
mark for the other cylinders.
Align the "TC" mark with the protuberance (2) in
the visor of the steering wheel housing. Piston #
1 is in the top dead center position at this time.
Turn the steering wheel 0.26 rad (15 °) to see if
the piston is in the position corresponding to the
top dead center of your compression stroke or
in the overlap position. Refer to the following
table to adjust the valve set (1) again. (The
piston is in the upper compression dead center when both the ADM and EXHAUST
valves do not move. The piston is in the overlap position when both valves move.)
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SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
-
-
Turn the steering wheel 6.28 rad (360 °) and align the
"1TC" mark with the protuberance (2) correctly.
Adjust the sets of the other valves, if necessary.
After turning the steering wheel in the anti-clockwise
direction 2 or 3 times, check the valve set (1) again.
After adjusting the valve set (1), firmly tighten the set
screw locking nut.
MAINTENANCE TASK. COMPRESSION PRESSURE INSPECTION
Start by:
1. Make sure the engine oil level, air cleaner, starting
motor and battery are well-conditioned.
2. Start the engine and allow it to warm up
thoroughly, until 50ºC or more coolant
temperature.
Measure the compression pressure on all cylinders:
1. Remove the injection nozzle from the cylinder head where the compression pressure is to
be measured.
2. Attach the compression pressure gauge.
3. Disconnect the stop solenoid connector (the fuel supply shut off) and crank the engine
by means of the starter, and read the compression pressure gauge indication when the
engine is running at specified speed.
4. If the compression pressure is lower than repair limit, check the engine parts affected.
SK-60
-
30
Engine speed
Compression pressure
Repair limit
Máximum pressure difference
between cyilinders
290 rpm
3,24 to 3,72 MPa
33,03 to 37,93 kgf/ cm2
2,55 MPa
26 kgf/cm2
10% or less
It is not a good practice to measure the compression pressure on only few cylinders,
and presume the compression on the remaining cylinders.
Compression pressure varies with engine speed. Check engine speed when
measuring the compression pressure.
The compression pressure will be slightly higher in a new or overhauled engine due to
new piston rings, valve seats, etc
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SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
6.4. Lubrication System
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
The lubrication circuit is forced by the trochoid gear pump, and it is composed of the following elements.
PIECE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
ELEMENT
Oil pan
Oil strainer
Oil pump
Oil cooler
Oil filter
Intermediate gear
Fuel injection pump
Oil main gallery
Camshaft
Tappet
Pushrod
Piston
Crankshaft
Turbocharger
Valve mechanism
Relief valve
Safety valve
Oil jet
Oil circuit capacity (l)
OIL SPECIFICATIONS
SK-60
6
Use oil with 15W40 viscosity (this is an all-season oil for temperatures ranging
between -15ºC and +40ºC) or select the most suitable oil viscosity for the atmospheric
temperatures on which the engine is going to be operated. On the other hand, use oil
quality no less than ACEA E5/E3 or API CH-4/SJ. Other engine oils may affect
warranty coverage, cause internal engine components to seize and/or
shorten engine life.
Never mix different types of engine oil. This may adversely affect
the lubricating properties of the engine oil.
MAINTENANCE TASK. OIL FILTER CHANGE
The oil filter is located under inlet manifold of the engine.
Remove oil filter with a belt wrench. When fitting a fresh oil filter,
smear a small quantity of oil into the annular seal and firmly
tighten it with the hand. When this operation is finished, start the
engine and check oil is not leaking.
MAINTENANCE TASK. OIL LEVEL CHECK
Check the oil level in the crankcase daily or before each start-up to ensure that
the level is between the upper (Max mark) and lower (Min mark) lines on the dipstick. To check
the oil level:
1. Remove the dipstick
2. Wipe the dipstick end
3. Reinsert inside the guide
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SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
4. Remove it again to see the oil level
If the engine is fitted inclined, the oil dipstick must be modified to avoid problems of
aspiration by the oil pump. See the table enclosed for modification level in dipstick. Decrease
High level (H) to E on original oil dipstick.
ENGINE INCLINATION
DIMENSION E
SK-60
4º
21 mm
8º
44 mm
12ª
71 mm
16º
89 mm
20ª
104 mm
Do not operate the engine if the oil level is below the Min mark or above the Max mark.
Be careful the oil dipstick marks refer to the engine as a horizontal position. Therefore, check the
engine inclination when the oil level is verified.
MAINTENANCE TASK. OIL FILL / CHANGE
Oil must be changed with hot engine so as to be sure the oil is fully drained. The
procedure is the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Drain the oil (follow steps below)
a. Stop the engine.
b. Disconnect the battery negative (-) terminal.
c. Remove the oil drain plug.
d. Connect the external oil pump to the end of the oil drain hose. Place the
outlet of the pump into an oil collection container.
e. Allow time for the engine oil to drain completely.
Replace the oil filter.
Remove dipstick
Fill with oil according to oil capacity circuit.
Check for leaks.
Check oil level according to the oil level check procedure.
Never overfill. Overfilling may result in white exhaust smoke, engine overspeed or internal
damage.
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SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
6.5. Fuel System
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
The fuel system is based on a fuel feed pump and an in-line mechanical injection pump.
PIECE
ELEMENT
1
Tank (supplied as accessory)
2
Fuel decanting filter (accesory)
3
Fuel intake pipe (accessory)
4
Injection pump
5
Fuel filter
6
Feed pump
7
Fuel injection pipe
8
Fuel injection Nozzle
9
Leak-off pipe
FUEL SPECIFICATIONS
Use ASTM diesel fuel No.2-D for the best engine performance, to prevent engine damage.
Never use kerosene, heavy diesel fuel or biodiesel. It is essential to use clean and filtered diesel oil.
The use of diesel oil that not complies with the technical specifications may affect
warranty coverage and cause serious damage in the injection system and internal engine
components.
MAINTENANCE TASK. FUEL LEVEL INSPECTION
Periodically, it is necessary to check the fuel level to assure the operation of the engine.
On top of that, if fuel pump sucks air when the fuel level is lower than pump suction, it could
break.
Whenever possible, keep the fuel tank full. The temperature changes may cause
condensation of the damp air present in the tank and this water accumulates at the bottom. It
can cause an increase of corrosion or an impossibility of starting the engine if this water is aspired
by the fuel pump.
MAINTENANCE TASK. FUEL TANK CLEAN
The fuel impurities could obstruct the suction pump. For this reason, drain out the content
of the fuel tank to remove condensate and any foreign material. Then, wash the tank with fuel
and refill it.
MAINTENANCE TASK. WATER SEPARATOR FILTER PURGUE
The fuel system has to have a water separator filter (supplied as
accessory) to avoid the inlet of water in the fuel circuit. According to the
maintenance plan it is necessary to purge the filter to eliminate water
periodically. This is the procedure:
1.
2.
3.
Loosen the bottom nut to eliminate water.
Shut it off again.
Check for any leakage.
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SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE TASK. FUEL FILTER CHANGE
Procedure to change the fuel
filter:
1.
2.
3.
Remove fuel filter with a belt
wrench.
Place a new fuel filter and
firmly tighten it with the
hand.
Prime the system.
4. When
this
operation
is
finished, start the engine and check that it is not leaking.
Wash hands after any contact with diesel fuel.
MAINTENANCE TASK. INJECTION PUMP INSPECTION
The injection pump is adjusted at factory and should never be adjusted carelessly. Such
adjustment, whenever is required, shall be made by a SOLÉ DIESEL licensed service shop, since a
precision pump monitor and skill knowledge are required.
You must check:
The presence of exhaust smoke color.
Procedure: quickly accelerate engine.
Criteria: no remarkably black smoke exhaust, and correct function of fuel cut-off
solenoid
Any leaks at the body injection pump or fuel lines
MAINTENANCE TASK. INJECTOR INSPECTION
To check the injection pressure of injectors (opening
pressure) you have to follow these steps:
1. Remove nozzle and washer.
2. Install the injection nozzle on the tester. Slowly operate
the tester handle full strokes to bleed (remove) air from
the pipe and nozzle.
3. Make a slow increase in pressure by operating
the tester handle at a speed of more than one
stroke per second while observing the pressure
gauge.
4. The pressure gauge reading will slowly increase
and, when the nozzle starts discharging fuel, it will
go down fast. Take the gauge reading right then
as the injection pressure.
Injection pressure
13,73 MPa (140 kgf/cm2)
5. To adjust the injection pressure, increase or decrease
the amount of shims fitted to the nozzle holder.
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Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
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Washer
SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
6. Look at the orifice discharge pattern (shape of discharge) when fluid begins to flow
through the injection nozzle. The discharge must be finely and uniformly atomized. Any
change is an indication of a bad nozzle.
7.
If the nozzle is bad, remove the tip from the nozzle and
wash needle valve and body in clean washing solution.
And if the nozzle is still bad after the tip has been
washed, replace the tip.
8. When installing the new tip, remove synthetic resin film
from the tip and slide the needle valve in the body in
clean diesel fuel to wash off inhibitor completely
9. The washer shown on figure must be replaced.
When testing the injection nozzle, keep its tip pointed away from the operator. Fuel from
the orifices in the tip of the nozzle is under high pressure and can cause injury to the operator.
MAINTENANCE TASK. BLEEDING AIR FROM THE FUEL SYSTEM
Prime the fuel system to bleed the air from the circuit. Trapped air in the fuel system can
cause difficult starting and erratic engine operation. It is necessary to prime the system:
✓
✓
✓
Before starting the engine for the first time.
After running out of fuel and adding fuel to the tank.
After fuel system maintenance such as changing the fuel filter, draining the
fuel/water separator, or replacing a fuel system component.
For this operation you have to follow these steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Loosen all the injection pipes.
Start the engine to drive out air in the injection pipes and nozzles automatically.
When fuel overflows from an injection pipe, tighten it up and wait until fuel overflows from
another one. Repeat it until all injection pipes are tightened.
After bleeding, clean up fuel spillage.
When fuel overflows from the injection pipes, wipe thoroughly with a cloth. Spilled fuel is a
fire hazard.
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SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
6.6. Cooling System
The engine cooling system is based on coolant circulation controlled by centrifugal
pump with thermostatic control and heat exchanger, where the coolant is refrigerated by sea
water. Moreover, the exhaust manifold is cooled also by sea water .
COOLANT CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
PIECE
ELEMENT
1
Coolant pump
2
Heat exchanger
3
Thermostat
SK-60
SEAWATER CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
PIECE
ELEMENT
2
Seacock (supplied as
accessory)
Sea water filter
3
Sea water pump
4
Heat exchanger
5
Wet exhaust elbow
6
Zinc anode
1
Coolant circuit capacity (L)
8,5
COOLAN SPECIFICATIONS
It is recommended use KRAFFT ACU 2300 CC 50% coolant or another coolant with similar
specifications. On the other hand, distilled water with an anti-freezing agent is also suitable. The
anti-freezing agent concentration according to operating conditions is specified in anti-freezing
agent package labels. It is advisable select the anti-freezing agent concentration based on a
temperature approx. 5ºC under the actual atmospheric temperature.
Other engine coolants may affect warranty coverage, cause an internal build-up of rust
and scale and/or shorten engine life.
Never mix different types of coolants. This may adversely affect the properties of the
engine coolant.
MAINTENANCE TASK. COOLANT CHECK
Allow the engine to cool. Release pressure from the cooling system before removing the
pressure cap. To release pressure, cover the pressure cap with a thick cloth and then slowly turn
the cap counterclockwise. Remove the cap after pressure has been completely released and
the engine has cooled. Check the coolant level at the tank, the level must be approximately 3/4
full.
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Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
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SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE TASK. COOLANT FILL / CHANGE
1.
2.
Drain off all the coolant by
opening the two drain plugs, one
in the heat exchanger and the
other in the cylinder block.
Close the drain plugs.
3. Remove bleeding bolt of thermostat
holder
4. Refill to the hole in the tank cap with
coolant
MAINTENANCE TASK. SEAWATER FILTER INSPECTION
It is important to install a seawater filter (supplied as accessory) between seawater cock
and the seawater pump to avoid that any impurity might clog the seawater circuit or seawater
pump.
To clean this filter:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Loosen the wing nut.
Remove the filtering component.
Clean it.
Fit it again taking care that the cover is well
seated on the o-ring.
Start the engine to check seawater leakages.
MAINTENANCE TASK. SEAWATER PUMP IMPELLER INSPECTION
Seawater pump impeller is neoprene and cannot rotate dried. If operated without water,
the impeller can be broken. It is important therefore that a spare impeller is always available.
Impeller inspection and replacement procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Close the seawater cock.
Remove the seawater pump cover plate.
Remove the impeller from the shaft.
Clean the housing.
Inspect the impeller for damaged,
cranked, broken, missing or flattened
vanes. The impeller vanes should be
straight and flexible.
If it is damaged replace with a new one.
6. Lubricate the impeller with soapy water
before installation.
7. Install the impeller.
During installation push and rotate the impeller in the same direction as the engine
rotation until it is thoroughly seated in the impeller housing.
8. Inspect the cover plate and gasket for corrosion and/or damage. Replace
components as necessary.
9. Lubricate the gasket with silicon grease and attach the gasket and cover plate to
the seawater pump housing.
10. Open the seacock.
11. Start the engine and check for leaks.
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
37
SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE TASK. ZINC ANODE INSPECTION
In order to avoid the corrosion produced by galvanic currents, the engine is fitted with a
zinc anode located on the front lid of the coolant-seawater heat exchanger. Anticorrosion zinc
anode inspection and replacement:
1. With the engine cooled, close the seacock, open
the coolant drain plug and drain the coolant into a
suitable container.
2. Remove the anticorrosion zinc anode (plug) from
the heat exchanger.
3. Use a wire brush to remove the loose corrosion on
the anticorrosion zinc anode.
4. Clean the threaded hole of the heat exchanger
and coat the threads of anticorrosion zinc anode.
Install the anticorrosion zinc anode into the heat
exchanger.
5. Close the coolant drain plug and open the seacock. Refill
the coolant circuit.
6. Start the engine and check for leaks at the anticorrosion zinc anode location. The pump
is operating if the seawater flows from the exhaust outlet.
6.7. Inlet and Exhaust System
EXHAUST CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
There are two possible installations of the exhaust system. You need to check the
distance between water injection point and waterline to decide which type of installation you
need. This information is specified in the following drawings.
The elements included in the drawing are essential for the correct engine operation:
-
Waterlock (supplied as accessory) to prevent seawater from entering inside the
engine when it stops.
Minimum capacity = 6,5 L
-
Goose neck (supplied as accessory)
Siphon breaker (supplied as accessory) – needed in case there is less than 150 mm
between the water injection point of wet exhaust and the waterline, or if the point of
injection is below waterline.
Type 1 installation. When between water injection point of wet exhaust and waterline is
minimum 150 mm.
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Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
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SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
Type 2 installation. When between water injection point of wet exhaust and waterline
there is less than 150 mm or the point of injection is below waterline.
The wet exhaust is the engine’s standard equipment. If you want dry exhaust, which is an
optional equipment, contact with our dealers
MAINTENANCE TASK. AIR FILTER INSPECTION
Engine is provided with an intake air filter. Examine the
element and housing for damage. Replace the complete air filter if
necessary.
It is important to ensure that the combustion air is freely
supplied and freely expelled from the area.
MAINTENANCE TASK. EXHAUST GAS, NOISE AND VIBRATIONS INSPECTION
Inspect the exhaust system components for cranks, leaks and corrosion.
EXHAUST SYSTEM INSPECTION POINTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Check the hoses for softness, cranks or dents. Replace the hoses as needed.
Check for corroded or broken metal parts and replace them as needed.
Check for loose, corroded or missing clamps. Tighten or replace the hose clamps
and/or hangers as needed.
Check that the exhaust outlet is unobstructed.
Visually inspect the exhaust system for exhaust leaks. Check for carbon or soot
residue on exhaust components. Carbon and soot residue indicates an exhaust leak.
Seal leaks as needed.
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
39
SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
6.8. Electrical System
PANEL SVT
The engine panel is called SVT 20, and you can
consult the controller reference according to your engine model
in the following table.
On the other hand, you might have a different panel
with more instruments called SVT 30. In addition to the option of
installing double panel.
More information about the panel can be found in the SVT Operator’s Manual.
ENGINE MODEL
REFERENCE
SK-60 (12V)
SK-60 (24V)
609A0100
609A0101
BATTERY
The minimum recommended battery capacity is 100-120 Ah. However, this is a general
reference value since it is related to the maximum current that can offer for starting the engine.
CIRCUIT PROTECTION
The electrical installation of the engine has a fuse that
protects all the electronics in case of overload or short circuit. It is
located in the wire harness next to the starter motor.
MAINTENANCE TASK. INCANDESCENT GLOW PLUG INSPECTION
1.
Loosen nuts, and then remove
connection plate and glow plug.
2.
If the glow plug glows red when the
positive (+) wire is connected to the
portion A with the portion B
grounded, the plug can be used.
Rated voltaje - Current
40
12 V
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
10,5-9,7 A
SYSTEMS AND SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE TASK. STARTER MOTOR INSPECTION
STARTER MOTOR:
1. Check if there is any impurity in pinion teeth.
2. Make sure that the pinion shaft turns freely when
turned in the direction of driving (clockwise) and it is
locked when turned in the opposite direction. If not,
replace the overrunning clutch.
MAINTENANCE TASK. ALTERNATOR BELT TENSION INSPECTION
Push the belt inward with thumb pressure exerted midway
between the pulleys, as shown, to check the belt tension (deflection). If
the tension is incorrect, loosen the adjusting bracket bolt and mounting
bolt, and move the alternator in or out.
Item
Assembly Standard
V-belt deflection
10-12 mm
An excessive tension may cause a quick wear of the belt and alternator bearings.
Otherwise, if the belt is excessively loose or has oil and insufficient load, it can cause the belt to
skid.
Never adjust the belt tension with engine running or battery connected.
.
MAINTENANCE TASK. BATTERY LEVEL
Battery requires a very careful handling and frequent checking. Proceed as shown below:
1.
Keep battery dry and cleaned.
2.
Check terminal cleanliness regularly. If dust is settled, terminals should be loosened,
cleaned and smeared with a neutral grease layer.
3.
Metal objects must not be placed over the battery.
4. Add distilled water if the level is out of range.
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
41
TROUBLESHOOTING
Section 7 - Troubleshooting
If a fault occurs in the engine, proceed as follows:
❖
Within the period of warranty
•
❖
42
Contact to Sole Diesel Official Service. See Section 1, 1.3. Engine Limited Warranty
Outside the period of warranty
•
Contact to Sole Diesel Official Service. See Section 1, 1.3. Engine Limited Warranty
•
Stop the engine, determine the cause and repair it before continuing driving the
motor.
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
TROUBLESHOOTING
ENGINE FAILURE
PROBABLE CAUSES
Key switch
PANEL SVT
Electronic board
Blown fuse
Battery discharged or dead
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
ENGINE
RECOMMENDED ACTIONS
Check the pin connections and check that they
have voltage.
Check that goes voltage electronic board to
micro relay.
Replace the controller fuse. If the fuse blows
again, troubleshoot the controller.
Recharge or replace the battery.
SECTION
6.8
6.8
Faulty starter motor
Verify that the battery connections are correct,
clean and tight.
Check the cranking relay and the stop solenoid. If
necessary, replace.
Replace if it is inoperative.
GENERAL
Compression weak
Check the compression.
6.3
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Oil viscosity too high
Check the oil viscosity (according to technical
specifications).
6.4
Fuel pump faulty or clogged
Check fuel pump inlet.
6.5
Fuel lines obstructed
Check fuel lines.
6.5
Fuel filter clogged
Replace fuel filter.
6.5
Faulty injection pump
Contact with our dealer
Air in fuel system
Bleed fuel system.
6.5
Fuel injectors dirty or faulty
Clean, test and/or replace the inoperative fuel
injector.
6.5
Fuel injection timing out of adjustment
Adjust the fuel injection timing.
6.5
Fuel tank empty or fuel valve shut off
Add fuel and move the fuel valve to opened
position.
6.5
Air filter clogged
Replace air filter element.
6.7
Battery connections loose, corroded or incorrect
Faulty cranking relay/stop solenoid
FAILURE TO START
FUEL SYSTEM
INLET AND EXHAUST
SYSTEM
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
6.8
6.8
-
43
TROUBLESHOOTING
ENGINE FAILURE
PROBABLE CAUSES
GENERAL
RECOMMENDED ACTIONS
SECTION
Governor inoperative
Contact with our dealer
Fuel pump faulty or clogged
Check inlet of fuel pump.
6.5
Fuel filter clogged
Replace fuel filter.
6.5
Air in fuel system
Bleed fuel system.
6.5
Injection pump incorrectly set
Contact with our dealer
Fuel outlet cock closed
Open fuel outlet cock.
6.5
COOLING SYSTEM
Coolant level low
Restore the coolant to normal operating level.
6.6
PANEL SVT
Key switch
Check the pin connections. Above all, the pins
that give signal to stop solenoid and fuel pump.
Fuel filter clogged
Change fuel filter.
6.5
Fuel injectors dirty or faulty
Clean, test and/or replace the inoperative fuel
injector.
6.5
Injection pump incorrectly set
Contact with our dealer
INLET AND EXHAUST
SYSTEM
Air filter clogged
Replace air filter element.
LOAD ENGINE
Propeller to large (not enough rpm)
The power curve of the engine is not adequate.
Carry out a propulsive power study.
GENERAL
Valve clearance incorrect
Adjust the valves.
6.3
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Oil level too high
Restore the oil to normal operating level.
6.4
FUEL SYSTEM
STARTS THEN STOPS
FUEL SYSTEM
BLACK SMOKE
-
-
-
6.7
-
BLUE SMOKE
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Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
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TROUBLESHOOTING
ENGINE FAILURE
PROBABLE CAUSES
GENERAL
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Compression weak
Check the compression.
Overload
Propeller too large, replace.
Incorrect injection time
Adjust the injection time of the injection pump.
Faulty oil pump
Contact with our dealer
Oil viscosity too high
Oil level too low
Faulty coolant pump
ENGINE OVER-HEATING
Seawater cock clogged or restricted
COOLING SYSTEM
Faulty seawater pump
Check oil specifications (oil used must be chosen
according to Technical Specifications).
Restore the oil level. Inspect the engine for oil
leaks.
Check coolant pump (impeller, pump sealing).
Clean the cock, check the seawater pump
impeller for damage.
NOISY ENGINE
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
GENERAL
-
6.4
6.4
6.6
6.6
Coolant level low
Restore the coolant to normal operating level.
6.6
Thermostat inoperative
Replace the thermostat.
6.6
Air filter clogged
Replace air filter.
6.7
Faulty oil pump
Contact with our dealer
Oil pressure too low
6.6
6.4
Check oil level.
6.4
Faulty oil pressure valve
Restore the oil level. Inspect the engine for oil
leaks.
Contact with our dealer
Faulty oil pressure gauge or switch
Check and/or replace oil pressure switch.
6.4
Compression weak
Check the compression.
6.3
Overload
Reduce the electrical load.
Inspect the exhaust system. Replace the
inoperative exhaust system components.
Tighten all loose nuts and bolts.
Adjust the valves.
6.3
Oil level too low
Exhaust system leak
Vibration excessive
Valve clearance incorrect
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
6.3
6.6
Oil pressure relief valve sticking
LOW OIL PRESSURE
SECTION
Check seawater pump (impeller, pump sealing).
Clean the water cooler and the tube stack fitted
in the heat exchanger.
Water cooler clogged
INLET AND EXHAUST
SYSTEM
RECOMMENDED ACTIONS
6.4
-
6.3
6.3
6.3
45
TROUBLESHOOTING
ENGINE FAILURE
OIL PRESSURE TOO HIGH
PROBABLE CAUSES
Contact with our dealer
6.4
Faulty oil pressure valve
Contact with our dealer
-
Valve clearance incorrect
Contact with our dealer
6.3
Fuel filter clogged
Contact with our dealer
6.5
Fuel injectors dirty or faulty
Contact with our dealer
6.5
Water in fuel system
Contact with our dealer
6.5
Fuel injection timing out of adjustment
Contact with our dealer
6.5
Air filter clogged
Replace air filter element.
6.7
Exhaust backfires
Inspect the exhaust system. Replace the
inoperative exhaust system components.
6.7
Compression weak
Check the compression.
6.3
Overload
Reduce the electrical load.
6.3
Governor inoperative
Contact with our dealer
FUEL SYSTEM
Fuel injection timing out of adjustment
Adjust the fuel injection timing.
6.5
INLET AND EXHAUST
SYSTEM
Air filter clogged
Replace air filter.
6.7
COOLING SYSTEM
Thermostat blocked at open position
Replace thermostat and check the coolant state.
Battery discharged or dead
Recharge or replace the battery.
6.8
Battery connections loose, corroded or incorrect
Verify that the battery connections are correct,
clean and tight.
6.8
Governor inoperative
Contact with our dealer
Alternator belt tension
Check belt tension and change it if necessary.
FUEL SYSTEM
LOW POWER
INLET AND EXHAUST
SYSTEM
GENERAL
BATTERY CHARGE DEFECTIVE
46
SECTION
Oil pressure relief valve sticking
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
GENERAL
HIGH FUEL CONSUMPTION
RECOMMENDED ACTIONS
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
(DC)
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
-
-
6.8
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Section 8 – Technical Specifications
SK-60
DIESEL ENGINE
Type
Direction of rotation
4 cycle water-cooled, diesel cycle
Anti-clockwise rotation as viewed from flywheel side
No. of cylinders - arrangement
4 in line
Allowable Exhaust Back Pressure
(kPa)
General Specifications
Timing
10,7
Pushrod and rocker arm with gear driven camshaft in
crankcase
Bore (mm)
87
Stroke (mm)
102,4
Total displacement (c.c.)
2434
Compression ratio
22,5:1
Ignition sequence
1-3-4-2
Fuel injection timing
8,3º before APMS
Injection pressure (kPa)
13,73 MPa (140 kg/cm2)
Inlet and exhaust valve clearance
- cold engine (mm)
0,18 to 0,22
Power (kW / HP)
44,0 / 59,0
RPM (rpm)
2700
Starting system
Electric starting
Starting aid
Glow plug
System description
Fuel system
Lubrication system
Oil specifications
Forced circulation by gear pump
Use oil with 15W40 viscosity and no less than ACEA
E5/E3 or API CH-4/SJ quality
Oil pump
Type trochoid gear
Oil circuit capacity (l)
6
Lubrication oil pressure – nominal
speed (MPa)
Min oil pressure - hot engine (MPa)
0,25 (2,5 kgf/cm2) (2,5 bar)
0,3 to 0,44 (3 to 4,5 kgf/cm2) (3 to 4,5 bar)
Oil temperature – nominal speed
(ºC)
0,05 (0,5 kg/cm2) (0,5 bar)
System description
103
System description
Electric fuel pump and mechanic injection pump
Fuel specifications
Diesel fuel ASTM diesel No.2-D
Fuel injection pump
Mini pump type PFR 4M (Dense)
Fuel injection nozzle
Mini injection nozzle OPD (Dense)
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
47
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
DIESEL ENGINE
Coolant circulation controlled by centrifugal pump
System description with thermostatic control and heat exchanger. Cooled
exhaust manifold.
Cooling system
Coolant specifications
Coolant pump
Centrifugal type
Sea water pump
Centrifugal type
Coolant circuit capacity (l)
8,5
Inlet and
Exhaust
System
Thermostat valve
Start opening
+ 69,5 to 72,5ºC
End opnening
+ 85ºC
Coolant temperature – nominal speed
(ºC)
75 - 85
Air supply
Air cleaning by means of a dry-type air filter
Exhaust System
Cooled exhaust manifold
Dry exhaust manifold (optional equipment)
Electrical
System
Voltage – Polarity (V)
40
Starter motor (kW)
2,0
Glow plugs (A)
ETR
Ø Int. Hose, sea water inlet (mm)
32
Ø Int. Hose, diesel fuel inlet (mm)
8
Ø Int. Hose, exhaust
Installation
12 DC
Alternator DC (A)
outlet1
(mm)
Air admission displacement -max. rpm
(m3/h)
Minimum battery capacity (Ah)
Length of battery wire (m)
Minimal section of battery wire
1
KRAFFT ACU 2300 CC 50%
(mm2)
60
6,92
12V, 100 to 120
≤ 1,5
50
For each curve of 90º of the installation, must increase 10 mm (for lengths superior to 3 m).
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Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
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TIGHTENING TORQUES
Section 9 – Tightening Torques
Important nuts and screws.
TORQUE VALUES
THREAD
SK-60
N · m (kgf · m)
Bolt of cylinder head cover
M6
6,87 to 11,2 (0,7 to 1,15)
Bolt cylinder head
M11
93,2 to 98,0 (9,5 to 10,0)
Rocker support bolt
M8
24 to 27 (2,4 to 2,8)
Bolt 1 of bearing housing
M9
46 to 50 (4,7 to 5,2)
Bolt 2 of bearing housing
M10
69 to 73 (7,0 to 7,5)
Flywheel
M12
98.1 to 107 (10 to 11)
Connecting rod (old type)
M8
45 to 49 (4,5 to 5,0)
Connecting rod (new type)
M8
41 to 45 (4,1 to 4,5)
Idler gear shaft
M8
24 to 27 (2,4 to 2,8)
Drag pulley
M30
138 to 156 (14,0 to 16,0)
Housing bearing cover
M8
24 to 27 (2,4 to 2,8)
Glow plug
M10
20 to 24 (2,0 to 2,5)
Nozzle holder set (IDI)
M20
49 to 68 (5,0 to 7,0)
Nozzle holder clamp (IDI)
M10
26 to 29 (2,6 to 3,0)
Oil pressure switch
Pipe fastening nut of nozzle
(IDI)
Pipe fastening nut of nozzle
(IDI)
Retention nut of the overflow
pipe set (IDI)
Retention nut of the overflow
pipe set (IDI)
Camshaft stud bolt
Body of high gear empty
R 1/8
15 to 19 (1,5 to 2,0)
M12
25 to 34 (2,5 to 3,5)
Alternator pulley nut
Starter terminal B
Oil drain bolt
Oil filter
M12
M12
M6
15 to 24 (1,5 to 2,5)
20 to 24 (2,0 to 2,5)
9,81 to 11,2 (1,0 to 1,15)
M8
M14
24 to 27 (2,4 to 2,8)
45 to 49 (4,5 to 5,0)
-
58,4 to 78,9 (5,95 to 8,05)
M8
5,9 to 11 (0,60 to 1,2)
M14
34,3 to 44,1 (3,5 to 4,5)
-
10,8 to 12,7 (1,1 to 1,3)
-
21.7 to 24.2 (2.21 to 2.47)
Exhaust elbow
M8
20,0 (2,0)
Plate
M8
20,41 (2,04)
Thermostat cover
M8
8 (2,04)
Engine brackets
Cover of the water cooler
element
M10
Fuel filter
Standard Bolts
Standard Studs
Standard Plugs
M10
80 (8,15)
40,22 (4,02)
M6
7.85 to 9.80 (0.8 to 1.0)
M8
14.7 to 21.6 (1.5 to 2.2)
M10
17.6 to 24.5 (1.8 to 2.5)
M12
29.4 to 41.1 (3.0 to 4.2)
M8
M10
Nptf 1/6
PT 1/8
PT ¼,
NPTF ¼
4.9 to 5.8 (0.5 to 0.6)
12.7 to 14.7 (1.3 to 1.5)
4.9 a 7.8 (0.5 a 0 .8)
7.8 a 11.7 (0.8 a 1.2)
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
19.6 a 29.4 (2.0 a 3.0)
49
WIRING DIAGRAMS
Section 10 – Wiring Diagrams
50
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
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PRECALENTAMIENTO / PREHEATING
86
85
30
87
RELÉ DESCONEXIÓN DE TIERRA /
EARTH DISCONNECTING RELAY
ARRANQUE /
CRANKING
30
87
85
86
30
86 85
87
Diodos 2,5 A
MOTOR DE ARRANQUE / STARTER
DETALLE RELÉ AISLAMIENTO / ISOLATING RELAY
87
M
10 A
86(+)
85(-)
C.I.
ALTERNADOR / ALTERNATOR
30
C1.2
CONECTOR 2: C2 /
CONNECTOR 2: C2
CONECTOR 1: C1 /
CONNECTOR 1: C1
C2.2
Violeta/Purple
Rojo-Blanco/Red-White
5 4 3 2
1 2 3 4 5 6
1
DETALLE RELÉS DE ARRANQUE Y PRECALENTAMIENTO /
STARTER RELAY AND PREHEATING
C2.3
ETR SOLENOIDE DE PARO / ETR STOP SOLENOID
Verde/Green
C2.6
6
G
W
Rosa/Pink
C1.1
C1.6
D
Rojo/Red
C2.4
C1.4
B
Negro/Black
Verde-Blanco/Green-White
Amarillo/Yellow
C2.1
Blanco/White
C2.5
Azul/Blue
C1.5
Gris/Grey
C1.3
Marrón/Brown
TERMOOCONTACTO / TEMPERATURE SWITCH
MANOCONTACTO / PRESSURE SWITCH
30
TRANSMISOR DE TEMPERATURA / TEMPERATURE SENSOR
86
85
TRANSMISOR DE PRESIÓN / PRESSURE SENSOR
N.S.
87
N.S.
LEYENDA / LEGEND:
- N.S.: NO SUMINISTRADO / NOT SUPPLIED
- OPT.: OPCIONAL / OPTIONAL
- C.I.: CABLE INDEPENDIENTE / SEPARATE CABLE
MODELO MOTOR / ENGINE MODEL:
SK-60
VOLTAGE MOTOR / ENGINE VOLTAGE:
12V / 24V
DIBUJADO
D. ROMARTÍNEZ
VERIFICADO
RUBEN D.
SOLÉ, S.A.
LIBRE MASA / ISOLATED
FECHA CREACIÓN
18/05/2017
E1A00B02P_SVT
ÚLTIMA REVISIÓN
PÁGINA
1 de 1
ARRANQUE / CRANKING
ALTERNADOR / ALTERNATOR
30
86 85
87
B
G
D
W
MOTOR DE ARRANQUE / STARTER
10 A
CONECTOR 2: C2 /
CONNECTOR 2: C2
CONECTOR 1: C1 /
CONNECTOR 1: C1
C1.2
C2.2
C2.4
C1.1
6
5 4 3 2
M
1 2 3 4 5 6
1
C1.4
C2.6
DETALLE RELES DE ARRANQUE Y PRECALENTAMIENTO /
STARTER RELAY AND PREHEATING
C1.6
30
C2.3
86
C2.1
85
C2.5
C1.5
87
C1.3
Violeta / Purple
PRECALENTAMIENTO / PREHEATING
Negro / Black
85
87
86
Rojo / Red
30
Rosa / Pink
Rojo-Blanco / Red-White
ETR SOLENOIDE DE PARO / ETR STOP SOLENOID
Verde / Green
Verde-Blanco / Green-White
Amarillo / Yellow
TERMOCONTACTO / TEMPERATURE SWITCH
Blanco / White
Azul / Blue
Gris / Grey
MANOCONTACTO / PRESSURE SWITCH
Marrón / Brown
TRANSMISOR DE TEMPERATURA / TEMPERATURE SENSOR
N.S.
TRANSMISOR DE PRESIÓN / PRESSURE SENSOR
N.S.
LEYENDA / LEGEND:
- N.S.: NO SUMINISTRADO / NOT SUPPLIED
- OPT.: OPCIONAL / OPTIONAL
MODELO MOTOR / ENGINE MODEL:
SK-60
VOLTAGE MOTOR / ENGINE VOLTAGE:
12V / 24V
DIBUJADO
D. ROMARTÍNEZ
VERIFICADO
RUBEN D.
SOLÉ, S.A.
FECHA CREACIÓN
18/05/2017
E1A00E02P_SVT
ÚLTIMA REVISIÓN
PÁGINA
1 de 1
WAGO CONNECTOR -
VOLTMETER
MANOMETER
4 5 6
3 2 1
4 5 6
3 2 1
to PIN C1.3
to MICRO RELAY PIN 86
TACHOMETER
to Tachometer Pin 3
to PIN C1.2
to WAGO CONNECTOR +
5 6
3 2 1
Negro/Black
to WAGO CONNECTOR +
Rojo/Red
Rosa/Pink
to Manometer PIN 1
to Thermometer PIN 2
to Manometer PIN 2
to Thermometer PIN 1
to Elec. plate PIN 5
to WAGO CONNECTOR86
87
85
30
to Elec. plate PIN 6
THERMOMETER
to Thermometer PIN 3
Connector 2 (C.2)
C2.3
C2.1
C2.5
C1.5
DEUTSCH CONNECTOR
1
to PIN C1.5
1
6
2 1
2
2
ELECTRONIC PLATE 12 V
PLACA C.I.
3
3
5
7 6 5 4
Marrón/Brown
5 4
3
10 9 8
to Manometer PIN 3
Gris/Grey
6
C1.6
4
Rosa-Negro/Pink-Black
to Elec. plate PIN 7
C1.1
C2.6
Azul/Blue
Connector 1 (C.1)
C2.4
C1.4
Blanco/White
1 2 3 4 5 6
C2.2
Verde/Green
Amarillo/Yellow
MICRO RELAY
C1.2
Rojo-Blanco/Red-White
Verde-Blanco/Green-White
to PIN C2.5
to PIN C2.1
to PIN C1.4
WAGO CONNECTOR +
4
Violeta/Purple
C1.3
4 5 6
3 2 1
to WAGO CONNECTOR +
to WAGO CONNECTOR +
Esquema Panel SVT 30 / MVT 30 12V ETR
DIBUJADO
VERIFICADO
D. ROMARTÍNEZ
RUBEN D.
FECHA CREACIÓN
01/06/2017
SOLÉ, S.A.
ESVT301201_ETR
ÚLTIMA REVISIÓN
-/-/-
PÁGINA
1 de 1
OVERALL DIMENSIONS
Section 11 – Overall Dimensions
54
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
833.9
322.5
211.5
85
Mín. 74
Max. 86
653.4
441.9
O
60
256
Supensor/ Engine Mount
M16 x 1.5
50
219
249.5
4
184
938.3
360
22
13
30
250
250
140
13
500
DATOS TÉCNICOS / TECHNICAL DATA
Manguera agua salada/ Sea water hose: Ø32mm
Manguera entrada combustible / Fuel hose intake: Ø8mm
Manguera retorno combustible / Diesel Fuel return hose: Ø5mm
4
O 82.5 ±0.1
O 102
4x Ø10,5
O 63.5 H8
488.8
75
230.5
75
11
Pletina Inv./Gbox flange
MOTOR SK-60 INV. TMC-260 2,88:1
SK-60 ENGINE TMC-260 GBOX 2,88:1
MATERIAL
ACABADO
DIBUJADO
VERIFICADO
J.RODRÍGUEZ
GRADO PRECISIÓN
SOLÉ, S.A.
ESCALA
./.
ÚLTIMA REVISIÓN
---
TRATAMIENTO PRESENTACIÓN
FECHA CREACIÓN
04/04/2017
1A036485
INSTRUCTIONS TO REPLACE AND REMOVE
Section 12 - Instructions to Replace and Remove
When you decide to replace the engine, please contact SOLÉ S.A.; will provide relevant
instructions regarding the laws in force at the time. When disposing of the whole or parts of this
engine, meets LAWS IN FORCE IN THE COUNTRY OF INSTALLATION.
For more information about the materials they are made of the individual components of
the generator, contact SOLÉ S.A.
56
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
INSPECTION PRIOR TO THE DELIVERY OF PROPULSION ENGINES
INSPECTION PRIOR TO THE DELIVERY OF PROPULSION ENGINES
Installer / Marina information
Installer Company:
Contact Tel. no.:
Installation Date:
E-mail:
Owner's Information
Name and surnames:
Contact Tel. no.:
Email:
Ingine Information
Engine model:
Engine serial number:
Gearbox / Saildrive serial nº.:
Installation Information
Machine chamber operating temperature:
Angle of the engine (boat moored):
Maximum angle of the engine (navigation conditions):
Is the wet exhaust ebow above or below the floating line?
ºC
º
º
above
below
Propulsion Line Information
Gearbox / Saildrive transmission ratio:
Shaft length:
mm
Nº. Of propeller
mm/inches Propeller pitch:
mm/inches
blades:
Boat model:
Shaft diameter:
Propeller diameter:
Exhaus, Cooling and Fuel Line Information
Int. Diameter of exhaust hose:
Int. Diameter of diesel intake:
Int. Diameter of diesel return intake:
Has an exhaust collector been installed?
mm Int. Diameter of sea water intake to the
mm pump:
mm
YES
Has an air trap been installed?
NO
Verifications Prior to Start-Up
mm
YES
NO
V/x
Notes
V/x
Notes
Correct engine alignment.
Electrical installation connections
Engine oil level
Gearbox oil level.
Coolant level and concentration
Control lever operation
Transmissions belts and belt tension
Airtight sea water cock.
Verification of Engine No-Load Operations
Unusual noises from the transmission
Oil pressure
Bleed the fresh water cooling system
Verify the instrument panel: normal indications and alarm
operation.
Water, oil and fuel leaks in the engine or transmission.
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
57
INSPECTION PRIOR TO THE DELIVERY OF PROPULSION ENGINES
INSPECTION PRIOR TO THE DELIVERY OF PROPULSION ENGINES
Verification of Motor Operating with Propeller Load
Verify maximum engine rpm at full load and with forward
gear clutched. This test should be performed with the engine
heated up. (If top rpm is not achieved
contact Solé to inspect propeller dimensions)
Engine rpm with engine idling and clutch out
V/x
Notes
rpm
rpm
Engine output and inverter operation.
Verify operation of the Trolling valve, if applicable.
Engine temperature and oil pressure.
Information for the Owner
V/x
Delivery of the instrucions manual and engine-related documents.
Review of the engine instrucions manual
Study the instruments panel functions and the engine control
functions.
Report the first revision date.
Report the maintenance schedule indicated in the manuals.
58
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
Notes
MAINTENANCE LOG
Maintenance Log
DATE
HOURS
DESCRIPTION
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
SERVICE NAME
59
MAINTENANCE LOG
DATE
60
HOURS
DESCRIPTION
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
SERVICE NAME
MAINTENANCE LOG
U_ SKA1_EN
Rev. 0
62
Operator’s Manual Marine Diesel Engines
Revision 0. 02/2018
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