vSphere Upgrade
vSphere 6.0
This document supports the version of each product listed and
supports all subsequent versions until the document is
replaced by a new edition. To check for more recent editions
of this document, see http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs.
EN-001721-02
vSphere Upgrade
You can find the most up-to-date technical documentation on the VMware Web site at:
http://www.vmware.com/support/
The VMware Web site also provides the latest product updates.
If you have comments about this documentation, submit your feedback to:
docfeedback@vmware.com
Copyright © 2009–2015 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright and trademark information.
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Contents
About vSphere Upgrade
7
Updated Information 9
1 Introduction to vSphere Upgrade 11
vCenter Server Components and Services 12
How vSphere 6.0 Differs from vSphere 5.x 13
vCenter Server Deployment Models 16
vSphere Upgrade Process 18
How vCenter Single Sign-On Affects Upgrades
vSphere Security Certificates Overview 23
Enhanced Linked Mode Overview 23
vCenter Server Example Upgrade Paths 24
21
2 Upgrade Requirements 29
vCenter Server Upgrade Compatibility 29
vCenter Server for Windows Requirements 30
vCenter Server Appliance Requirements 33
vCenter Server Required Ports 35
vCenter Server Database Configuration Notes 37
ESXi Requirements 37
vSphere DNS Requirements 43
vSphere Web Client Software Requirements 43
Client Integration Plug-In Software Requirements 43
vSphere Client Requirements 44
Required Free Space for System Logging 45
3 Before Upgrading vCenter Server 47
Verify Basic Compatibility Before Upgrading vCenter Server 47
Preparing vCenter Server Databases 48
Verify Network Prerequisites Before Upgrading 56
Verify Load Balancer Before Upgrading vCenter Server 57
Prepare ESXi Hosts for vCenter Server Upgrade 58
Verify Preparations Are Complete for Upgrading vCenter Server 60
Required Information for Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows 63
Required Information for Upgrading the vCenter Server Appliance 63
4 Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows 67
About the vCenter Server for Windows 6.0 Upgrade Process 68
Migration of Distributed vCenter Server for Windows Services During Upgrade to vCenter Server
6.0 71
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Mixed-Version Transitional Environments in vCenter Server for Windows Upgrades
Download the vCenter Server for Windows Installer 77
Upgrade vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 for External Deployment 78
Upgrade vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 for External Deployment 80
Upgrade vCenter Server 5.0 82
Upgrade vCenter Server 5.1 for Windows 84
Upgrade vCenter Server 5.5 for Windows 86
Update the Java Components and vCenter Server tc Server with VIMPatch
73
88
5 Upgrading and Patching the vCenter Server Appliance 91
Upgrading the vCenter Server Appliance 92
Patching the vCenter Server Appliance 98
6 After Upgrading vCenter Server 101
Complete vCenter Server Postupgrade Component Configuration 101
Reconfigure Migrated vCenter Server Services After Upgrade 102
Install or Upgrade vSphere Authentication Proxy 103
Upgrade the vSphere Client 104
Configuring VMware vCenter Server - tc Server Settings in vCenter Server 105
Setting the vCenter Server Administrator User 107
Authenticating to the vCenter Server Environment 107
Identity Sources for vCenter Server with vCenter Single Sign-On 107
Restore ESXi Certificate and Key Files 109
Repointing the Connections Between vCenter Server and Platform Services Controller
7 Upgrading Update Manager 113
Upgrade the Update Manager Server
109
113
8 Before Upgrading Hosts 117
Best Practices for ESXi Upgrades 117
Supported Upgrades to ESXi 6.0 118
Upgrade Options for ESXi 6.0 119
Upgrading Hosts That Have Third-Party Custom VIBs 120
Using Manually Assigned IP Addresses for Upgrades Performed with vSphere Update Manager
Media Options for Booting the ESXi Installer 121
Using Remote Management Applications 132
Download the ESXi Installer 132
9 Upgrading Hosts 135
Using vSphere Update Manager to Perform Orchestrated Host Upgrades
Installing or Upgrading Hosts by Using a Script 149
Using vSphere Auto Deploy to Reprovision Hosts 162
Upgrading Hosts by Using esxcli Commands 166
Upgrade Hosts Interactively 178
121
135
10 After You Upgrade ESXi Hosts 179
About ESXi Evaluation and Licensed Modes 179
Applying Licenses After Upgrading to ESXi 6.0 180
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Contents
Required Free Space for System Logging 180
Configure Syslog on ESXi Hosts
181
11 Upgrading Virtual Machines and VMware Tools 183
12 Troubleshooting a vSphere Upgrade 185
Collecting Logs for Troubleshooting a vCenter Server Installation or Upgrade 185
Collect Logs to Troubleshoot ESXi Hosts 187
Errors and Warnings Returned by the Installation and Upgrade Precheck Script 188
Restore vCenter Server Services If Upgrade Fails 189
VMware Component Manager Error During Startup After vCenter Server Appliance Upgrade
Microsoft SQL Database Set to Unsupported Compatibility Mode Causes vCenter Server
Installation or Upgrade to Fail 191
Index
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About vSphere Upgrade
vSphere Upgrade describes how to upgrade VMware vSphere™ to the current version.
To move to the current version of vSphere by performing a fresh installation that does not preserve existing
configurations, see the vSphere Installation and Setup documentation.
Intended Audience
vSphere Upgrade is for anyone who needs to upgrade from earlier versions of vSphere. These topics are for
experienced Microsoft Windows or Linux system administrators who are familiar with virtual machine
technology and data center operations.
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Updated Information
This vSphere Upgrade is updated with each release of the product or when necessary.
This table provides the update history of the vSphere Upgrade.
Revision
Description
EN-001721-02
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EN-001721-01
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EN-001721-00
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Updated topic “vCenter Server Appliance Requirements,” on page 33 to state that upgrading
vCenter Server Appliance with an external vCenter Single Sign-On is unsupported.
Updated the information in topics “Upgrading the vCenter Server Appliance,” on page 92 and
“Upgrade the vCenter Server Appliance,” on page 94 to state that the vCenter Server Appliance can
be deployed on hosts running ESXi 5.0 or later.
Updated topics “Prepare Microsoft SQL Server Database Before Upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0,”
on page 50, “Upgrade vCenter Server 5.0,” on page 82, “Upgrade vCenter Server 5.1 for
Windows,” on page 84, and “Upgrade vCenter Server 5.5 for Windows,” on page 86to add a link
to a VMware Knowledge Base article for upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0 without migrating from
Microsoft SQL Server Express to PostgreSQL.
Updated information in topic “Required Information for Upgrading the vCenter Server Appliance,”
on page 63 to correct vCenter Server Appliance data.
Updated “Repointing the Connections Between vCenter Server and Platform Services Controller,” on
page 109 to correct the syntax of the vmafd-cli set-dc-name and vmafd-cli set-dc-port
commands.
Updated topics “vCenter Server Deployment Models,” on page 16, “vSphere Upgrade Process,” on
page 18, “Enhanced Linked Mode Overview,” on page 23, and “Upgrade vCenter Server 5.0,” on
page 82 with information about the recommended topologies.
Updated topics “vCenter Server for Windows Hardware Requirements,” on page 32 and “vCenter
Server for Windows Hardware Requirements,” on page 32 with information about the hardware
requirements for the embedded deployment models.
Updated the information in topics “vCenter Server Appliance Requirements,” on page 33 and
“vCenter Server Appliance Software Requirements,” on page 34 to state that
vCenter Server Appliance can be deployed on hosts running ESXi 5.0 or later.
Updated topics “Prepare Microsoft SQL Server Database Before Upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0,”
on page 50 and “Using a User Account for Running vCenter Server,” on page 62 with information
about using a SQL Server database when the vCenter Server service is running under the Windows
built-in system account.
Updated the information in the topic “Update the Java Components and vCenter Server tc Server
with VIMPatch,” on page 88 for patch application steps, download reference, and Java-dependent
components.
Added a new step in topic “Repointing the Connections Between vCenter Server and Platform
Services Controller,” on page 109 that is necessary only if Platform Services Controller B uses an
HTTPS port number different from the HTTPS port used by Platform Services Controller A.
Added new steps in topic “VMware Component Manager Error During Startup After vCenter Server
Appliance Upgrade,” on page 190 for regenerating certificates.
Initial release.
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Introduction to vSphere Upgrade
1
vSphere 6.0 has many options for upgrading your vSphere deployment. For a successful vSphere upgrade,
you must understand the upgrade options, configuration details that impact the upgrade process, and
sequence of tasks.
The two core components of vSphere are VMware ESXi™ and VMware vCenter Server™. {ESXi is the
virtualization platform on which you can create and run virtual machines and virtual appliances.
vCenter Server is a service that acts as a central administrator for ESXi hosts connected in a network. You
use the vCenter Server system to pool and manage the resources of multiple hosts.
You can upgrade the vCenter Server system on a Windows virtual machine or physical server, or upgrade
vCenter Server Appliance. vCenter Server Appliance is a preconfigured Linux-based virtual machine
optimized for running the vCenter Server system and the vCenter Server components.
Starting with vSphere 6.0, all prerequisite services for running vCenter Server and the vCenter Server
components are bundled in the Platform Services Controller. Depending on the details of your existing
vCenter Server configuration, you can upgrade to the vCenter Server system with an embedded or external
Platform Services Controller. For details about vCenter Server 6.0 upgrade options, see “About the vCenter
Server for Windows 6.0 Upgrade Process,” on page 68 and “About the vCenter Server Appliance 6.0
Upgrade Process,” on page 92.
For information on ESXi upgrade support, see “Supported Upgrades to ESXi 6.0,” on page 118 and
“Upgrade Options for ESXi 6.0,” on page 119.
When you upgrade to vSphere 6.0, you must perform all procedures in sequence to avoid possible data loss
and to minimize downtime. You can perform the upgrade process for each component in only one direction.
For example, after you upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0, you cannot revert to vCenter Server 5.x. With backups
and some planning, however, you can restore your original software records. For information on the overall
vSphere upgrade sequence, see “vSphere Upgrade Process,” on page 18.
This chapter includes the following topics:
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“vCenter Server Components and Services,” on page 12
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“How vSphere 6.0 Differs from vSphere 5.x,” on page 13
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“vCenter Server Deployment Models,” on page 16
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“vSphere Upgrade Process,” on page 18
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“How vCenter Single Sign-On Affects Upgrades,” on page 21
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“vSphere Security Certificates Overview,” on page 23
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“Enhanced Linked Mode Overview,” on page 23
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“vCenter Server Example Upgrade Paths,” on page 24
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vSphere Upgrade
vCenter Server Components and Services
vCenter Server provides a centralized platform for management, operation, resource provisioning, and
performance evaluation of virtual machines and hosts.
When you upgrade to vCenter Server with an embedded Platform Services Controller, or to
vCenter Server Appliance with an embedded Platform Services Controller, vCenter Server, the
vCenter Server components, and the services included in the Platform Services Controller are deployed on
the same system.
When you upgrade to vCenter Server with an external Platform Services Controller, or deploy the
vCenter Server Appliance with an external Platform Services Controller, vCenter Server and the
vCenter Server components are deployed on one system, and the services included in the
Platform Services Controller are deployed on another system.
The following components are included in the vCenter Server and vCenter Server Appliance installations:
n
The VMware Platform Services Controller group of infrastructure services contains vCenter Single
Sign-On, License service, Lookup Service, and VMware Certificate Authority.
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The vCenter Server group of services contains vCenter Server, vSphere Web Client, Inventory Service,
vSphere Auto Deploy, vSphere ESXi Dump Collector, VMware vSphere Syslog Collector on Windows
and VMware Sphere Syslog Service for the vCenter Server Appliance.
Services Installed with VMware Platform Services Controller
vCenter Single Sign-On
The vCenter Single Sign-On authentication service provides secure
authentication services to the vSphere software components. By using
vCenter Single Sign-On, the vSphere components communicate with each
other through a secure token exchange mechanism, instead of requiring each
component to authenticate a user separately with a directory service like
Active Directory. vCenter Single Sign-On constructs an internal security
domain (for example, vsphere.local) where the vSphere solutions and
components are registered during the installation or upgrade process,
providing an infrastructure resource. vCenter Single Sign-On can
authenticate users from its own internal users and groups, or it can connect
to trusted external directory services such as Microsoft Active Directory.
Authenticated users can then be assigned registered solution-based
permissions or roles within a vSphere environment.
vCenter Single Sign-On is available and required with vCenter Server 5.1.x
and later.
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vSphere License
Service
The vSphere License service provides common license inventory and
management capabilities to all vCenter Server systems that are connected to
a Platform Services Controller or multiple linked
Platform Services Controllers.
VMware Certificate
Authority
VMware Certificate Authority (VMCA) provisions each ESXi host with a
signed certificate that has VMCA as the root certificate authority, by default.
Provisioning occurs when the ESXi host is added to vCenter Server explicitly
or as part of the ESXi host installation process. All ESXi certificates are stored
locally on the host.
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Chapter 1 Introduction to vSphere Upgrade
Services Installed with vCenter Server
These additional components are installed silently when you install vCenter Server. The components cannot
be installed separately as they do not have their own installers.
vCenter Inventory
Service
Inventory Service stores vCenter Server configuration and inventory data,
enabling you to search and access inventory objects across vCenter Server
instances.
PostgreSQL
A bundled version of the VMware distribution of PostgreSQL database for
vSphere and vCloud Hybrid Services.
vSphere Web Client
The vSphere Web Client lets you connect to vCenter Server instances by
using a Web browser, so that you can manage your vSphere infrastructure.
vSphere ESXi Dump
Collector
The vCenter Server support tool. You can configure ESXi to save the
VMkernel memory to a network server, rather than to a disk, when the
system encounters a critical failure. The vSphere ESXi Dump Collector
collects such memory dumps over the network.
VMware vSphere Syslog
Collector
The vCenter Server on Windows support tool that enables network logging
and combining of logs from multiple hosts. You can use the vSphere Syslog
Collector to direct ESXi system logs to a server on the network, rather than to
a local disk. The recommended maximum number of supported hosts to
collect logs from is 30. For information about configuring vSphere Syslog
Collector, see http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2021652.
VMware Syslog Service
The vCenter Server Appliance support tool that provides a unified
architecture for system logging, network logging and collecting logs from
hosts. You can use the VMware Syslog Service to direct ESXi system logs to a
server on the network, rather than to a local disk. The recommended
maximum number of supported hosts to collect logs from is 30. For
information about configuring VMware Syslog Service, see vCenter Server
Appliance Configuration.
vSphere Auto Deploy
The vCenter Server support tool that can provision hundreds of physical
hosts with ESXi software. You can specify the image to deploy and the hosts
to provision with the image. Optionally, you can specify host profiles to
apply to the hosts, and a vCenter Server location (folder or cluster) for each
host.
How vSphere 6.0 Differs from vSphere 5.x
Some changes from vSphere 5.x to vSphere 6.0 impact the vCenter Server upgrade process. For a complete
list of new features in vSphere 6.0, see the Release Notes for version 6.0 releases.
VMware
Platform Services
Controller Introduced
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The VMware Platform Services Controller contains common infrastructure
services such as vCenter Single Sign-On, VMware certificate authority,
licensing, and server reservation and registration services.
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vSphere Upgrade
You can deploy a Platform Services Controller instance on the same virtual
machine (VM) or physical server as vCenter Server, which is vCenter Server
with an embedded Platform Services Controller instance. You can also
deploy a Platform Services Controller instance on a separate machine or
physical server, which is vCenter Server with an external
Platform Services Controller instance. See “vCenter Server Deployment
Models,” on page 16.
Enhanced Linked Mode
Starting with vSphere 6.0, the implementation of Linked Mode has changed.
You no longer need to join vCenter Server instances to Linked Mode groups.
You can access the replication functionality provided by Linked Mode in
vSphere 5.5 by registering multiple vCenter Server instances to the same
Platform Services Controller or joining Platform Services Controller instances
in the same vCenter Single Sign-On domain.
To enable high availability between the vCenter Server instances in a single
vCenter Single Sign-On domain, the vCenter Server instances must use the
same site name.
Unlike the original Linked Mode, Enhanced Linked Mode is available and
supported on vCenter Server on Windows and vCenter Server Appliance.
vCenter Server
Component Services
Deployment
Starting with vSphere 6.0, vCenter Server component services are deployed
in either the vCenter Server or Platform Services Controller group of
services. vSphere common services can no longer be upgraded individually
with vCenter Server 6.0.
vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 services that are deployed individually before the
upgrade are migrated to the appropriate service group during the upgrade
process.
The upgrade software migrates, upgrades, and configures existing
vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 services as needed.
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vCenter Single Sign-On credentials, certificates, and ports are migrated
to the Platform Services Controller instance.
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Tagging data and licensing is migrated to the
Platform Services Controller instance.
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Other services are migrated to the vCenter Server instance. For details,
see “Migration of Distributed vCenter Server for Windows Services
During Upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0,” on page 71.
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You can now choose the destination folder for the upgrade software to
use.
For more details about service deployment, see “About the vCenter Server
for Windows 6.0 Upgrade Process,” on page 68.
Simple Upgrade
Process Replaced
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Upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0 with an embedded
Platform Services Controller instance replaces the vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5
simple upgrade process. The upgrade process migrates your vCenter Server
5.1 or 5.5 services to a vCenter Server 6.0 deployment with an embedded
Platform Services Controller instance.
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Chapter 1 Introduction to vSphere Upgrade
Custom Upgrade
Process Replaced
Upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0 with an external
Platform Services Controller instance replaces the vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5
Custom or separate upgrade process. When you upgrade your custom or
distributed vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 instance, the upgrade process includes
any vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 services that are deployed separately from
vCenter Server. You do not need to upgrade them separately.
During the process of upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0 with an external
Platform Services Controller deployment, any vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5
services that are deployed on a separate VM or physical server from the
vCenter Server are migrated to the same VM or physical server as the
vCenter Server instance. vCenter Server components can no longer be
deployed individually. For more details on service migration during
upgrade, see “Migration of Distributed vCenter Server for Windows Services
During Upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0,” on page 71
No Change of
Deployment Model for
Platform Services
Controller After
Upgrade
After upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0 , you cannot change your deployment
model. For example, if you deploy vCenter Server with an embedded
Platform Services Controller instance, you cannot switch to vCenter Server
with an external Platform Services Controller instance. You can only remove
the Platform Services Controller instance.
Database Changes
The vCenter Server 5.x embedded Microsoft SQL Server Express database is
replaced with an embedded PostgreSQL database during the upgrade to
vCenter Server 6.0. The maximum inventory size that applied for Microsoft
SQL Server Express still applies for PostgreSQL.
VMware vSphere Syslog
Collector
For vCenter Server 6.0 for Windows, vSphere Syslog Collector is included in
the vCenter Server group of services and continues to function exactly as for
vCenter Server 5.5. However, it is no longer used for
vCenter Server Appliance 6.0.
VMware Syslog Service
For vCenter Server Appliance 6.0, vSphere Syslog Service is a support tool
for logging that is included in the vCenter Server group of services. See
“vCenter Server Components and Services,” on page 12
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vCenter Server Deployment Models
You can install vCenter Server on a virtual machine or a physical server running Microsoft Windows Server
2008 SP2 or later, or can deploy the vCenter Server Appliance. The vCenter Server Appliance is a
preconfigured Linux-based virtual machine, optimized for running vCenter Server.
vSphere 6.0 introduces vCenter Server with an embedded Platform Services Controller and vCenter Server
with an external Platform Services Controller.
IMPORTANT This documentation provides information about the basic deployment models. For information
about the recommended topologies, see List of recommended topologies for vSphere 6.0.x.
vCenter Server with an
embedded
Platform Services
Controller
All services bundled with the Platform Services Controller are deployed on
the same virtual machine or physical server as vCenter Server.
vCenter Server with an
external
Platform Services
Controller
The services bundled with the Platform Services Controller and
vCenter Server are deployed on different virtual machines or physical
servers.
You first must deploy the Platform Services Controller on one virtual
machine or physical server and then deploy vCenter Server on another
virtual machine or physical server.
IMPORTANT You cannot switch the models after deployment, which means that after you deploy
vCenter Server with an embedded Platform Services Controller, you cannot switch to vCenter Server with
an external Platform Services Controller, and the reverse.
vCenter Server with an Embedded Platform Services Controller
vCenter Server and the Platform Services Controller are deployed on a single virtual machine or physical
server.
Figure 1‑1. vCenter Server with an Embedded Platform Services Controller
Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
Platform Services
Controller
vCenter Server
Installing vCenter Server with an embedded Platform Services Controller has the following advantages:
16
n
The connection between vCenter Server and the Platform Services Controller is not over the network,
and vCenter Server is not prone to outages because of connectivity and name resolution issues between
vCenter Server and the Platform Services Controller.
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If you install vCenter Server on Windows virtual machines or physical servers, you will need fewer
Windows licenses.
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You will have to manage fewer virtual machines or physical servers.
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You do not need a load balancer to distribute the load across Platform Services Controller.
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Chapter 1 Introduction to vSphere Upgrade
Installing with an embedded Platform Services Controller has the following disadvantages:
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There is a Platform Services Controller for each product which might be more than required. This
consumes more resources.
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The model is suitable for small-scale environments.
vCenter Server with an External Platform Services Controller
vCenter Server and the Platform Services Controller are deployed on separate virtual machine or physical
server. The Platform Services Controller can be shared across several vCenter Server instances. You can
install a Platform Services Controller and then install several vCenter Server instances and register them
with the Platform Services Controller. You can then install another Platform Services Controller, configure it
to replicate data with the first Platform Services Controller, and then install vCenter Server instances and
register them with the second Platform Services Controller.
Figure 1‑2. vCenter Server with an External Platform Services Controller
Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
Platform Services
Controller
Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
vCenter Server
vCenter Server
Installing vCenter Server with an external Platform Services Controller has the following advantages:
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Less resources consumed by the combined services in the Platform Services Controllers enables a
reduced footprint and reduced maintenance.
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Your environment can consist of more vCenter Server instances.
Installing vCenter Server with an external Platform Services Controller has the following disadvantages:
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The connection between vCenter Server and Platform Services Controller is over the network and is
prone to connectivity and name resolution issues.
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If you install vCenter Server on Windows virtual machines or physical servers, you need more
Microsoft Windows licenses.
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You must manage more virtual machines or physical servers.
Mixed Operating Systems Environment
A vCenter Server instance installed on Windows can be registered with either a Platform Services Controller
installed on Windows or a Platform Services Controller appliance. A vCenter Server Appliance, can be
registered with either a Platform Services Controller installed on Windows or a Platform Services Controller
appliance. Both vCenter Server and the vCenter Server Appliance can be registered with the same
Platform Services Controller within a domain.
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vSphere Upgrade
Figure 1‑3. Example of a Mixed Operating Systems Environment with an External Platform Services
Controller on Windows
Windows Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
Platform Services
Controller
Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
vCenter Server
for Windows
vCenter Server
Appliance
Figure 1‑4. Example of a Mixed Operating Systems Environment with an External Platform Services
Controller Appliance
Linux Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
Platform Services
Controller
Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
vCenter Server
for Windows
vCenter Server
Appliance
Having many Platform Services Controllers that replicate their infrastructure data, allows you to ensure
high availability of your system.
If an external Platform Services Controller with which your vCenter Server instance or
vCenter Server Appliance was initially registered, stops responding, you can repoint your vCenter Server or
vCenter Server Appliance to another external Platform Services Controller in the domain. For more
information, see “Repointing the Connections Between vCenter Server and Platform Services Controller,”
on page 109.
vSphere Upgrade Process
vSphere is a sophisticated product with multiple components to upgrade. For a successful vSphere upgrade,
you must understand the sequence of tasks required.
Upgrading vSphere includes the following tasks:
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1
Read the vSphere release notes.
2
Verify that your system meets vSphere hardware and software requirements. See Chapter 2, “Upgrade
Requirements,” on page 29.
3
Verify that you have backed up your configuration.
4
If your vSphere system includes VMware solutions or plug-ins, verify that they are compatible with the
vCenter Server or vCenter Server Appliance version to which you are upgrading. See VMware Product
Interoperability Matrix at http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php
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Chapter 1 Introduction to vSphere Upgrade
5
Upgrade vCenter Server.
You can connect vCenter Server instances with external Platform Services Controller instances in an
Enhanced Linked Mode configuration.
IMPORTANT Although you can select to join a vCenter Single Sign-On domain, you should consider
vCenter Server with an embedded Platform Services Controller as a standalone installation and do not
use it for replication of infrastructure data.
Concurrent upgrades are not supported and upgrade order matters. If you have multiple
vCenter Server instances or services that are not installed on the same physical server or virtual
machine (VM) as the vCenter Server instance, see “Migration of Distributed vCenter Server for
Windows Services During Upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0,” on page 71 and “Mixed-Version
Transitional Environments in vCenter Server for Windows Upgrades,” on page 73
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Upgrade vCenter Server on a Windows VM or physical server. For the vCenter Server for
Windows upgrade workflow, see “About the vCenter Server for Windows 6.0 Upgrade Process,”
on page 68
1
Verify that your system meets the hardware and software requirements for upgrading
vCenter Server. See “vCenter Server for Windows Requirements,” on page 30.
2
Prepare your environment for the upgrade. See Chapter 3, “Before Upgrading vCenter
Server,” on page 47
3
Create a worksheet with the information that you need for the upgrade. See “Required
Information for Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows,” on page 63.
4
Upgrade vCenter Server and the Platform Services Controller instances. See Chapter 4,
“Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows,” on page 67.
You can upgrade vCenter Server 5.0 to an embedded or external Platform Services Controller
deployment. For vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 upgrades, your deployment outcome after upgrade
depends upon your initial deployment. For more information on deployment details and how
they affect upgrades, see “About the vCenter Server for Windows 6.0 Upgrade Process,” on
page 68 and “vCenter Server Example Upgrade Paths,” on page 24.
n
Upgrade the vCenter Server Appliance. For the vCenter Server Appliance workflow, see “About
the vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 Upgrade Process,” on page 92
1
Verify that your system meets the hardware and software requirements for upgrading
vCenter Server Appliance. See “vCenter Server Appliance Requirements,” on page 33.
2
Prepare your environment for the upgrade. See Chapter 3, “Before Upgrading vCenter
Server,” on page 47.
3
Create a worksheet with the information that you need for the upgrade. See “Required
Information for Upgrading the vCenter Server Appliance,” on page 63.
4
Upgrade vCenter Server and the Platform Services Controller instance. See Chapter 5,
“Upgrading and Patching the vCenter Server Appliance,” on page 91.
6
After upgrading vCenter Server, complete the post-upgrade tasks. Depending on your configuration
details before upgrade, you might need to complete some reconfiguration tasks. See Chapter 6, “After
Upgrading vCenter Server,” on page 101.
7
If you are using vSphere Update Manager, upgrade it. See Chapter 7, “Upgrading Update Manager,”
on page 113.
8
Upgrade your ESXi hosts.
a
VMware, Inc.
Review the best practices for upgrading and verify that your system meets the upgrade
requirements. See “Best Practices for ESXi Upgrades,” on page 117, “Supported Upgrades to ESXi
6.0,” on page 118, and “ESXi Requirements,” on page 37.
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vSphere Upgrade
b
Determine the ESXi upgrade option to use. See “Upgrade Options for ESXi 6.0,” on page 119.
c
Determine where you want to locate and boot the ESXi installer. See “Media Options for Booting
the ESXi Installer,” on page 121. If you are PXE-booting the installer, verify that your network PXE
infrastructure is properly set up. See “PXE Booting the ESXi Installer,” on page 125.
d
Upgrade ESXi.
n
“Using vSphere Update Manager to Perform Orchestrated Host Upgrades,” on page 135
n
“Installing or Upgrading Hosts by Using a Script,” on page 149
n
“Using vSphere Auto Deploy to Reprovision Hosts,” on page 162
n
“Upgrading Hosts by Using esxcli Commands,” on page 166
n
“Upgrade Hosts Interactively,” on page 178
9
After upgrading ESXi hosts, you must reconnect the hosts to the vCenter Server and reapply the
licenses. See Chapter 10, “After You Upgrade ESXi Hosts,” on page 179.
10
Consider setting up a syslog server for remote logging, to ensure sufficient disk storage for log files.
Setting up logging on a remote host is especially important for hosts with limited local storage. See
“Required Free Space for System Logging,” on page 45 and “Configure Syslog on ESXi Hosts,” on
page 181.
11
Upgrade your VMs and virtual appliances, manually or by using vSphere Update Manager, to perform
an orchestrated upgrade. See Chapter 11, “Upgrading Virtual Machines and VMware Tools,” on
page 183.
Upgrading to vSphere License Service
In vSphere 5.x, the license management and reporting functions resides in individual vCenter Server
systems. vSphere 6.0 introduces the License Service included in the Platform Services Controller. The
License Service provides common license inventory and management capabilities to the vCenter Server
systems that are registered to a Platform Services Controller or multiple Platform Services Controllers that
are joined in one vCenter Single Sign-On domain.
During the upgrade of the vCenter Server systems that are connected to a Platform Services Controller, their
licensing data is transferred to the License Service. The licensing data includes the available licenses and
license assignments for hosts, vCenter Server systems, Virtual SAN clusters, and other products that you use
with vSphere.
After the upgrade of the vCenter Server systems completes, the License Services stores the available licenses
and manages the license assignments for the entire vSphere environment. If your vSphere environment
consists of multiple Platform Services Controllers joined in one vCenter Single Sign-On domain, the License
Service in every Platform Services Controller contains a replica of the licensing data for the entire
environment.
For more information about the License Service and managing licenses in vSphere, see vCenter Server and
Host Management.
Differences Between vSphere Upgrades and Updates
vSphere products distinguish between upgrades, which make major changes to the software, and updates,
which make smaller changes to the software.
VMware product versions are numbered with two digits, for example, vSphere 6.0. A release that changes
either digit, for example, from 5.5 to 6.0, or from 5.1 to 5.5, involves major changes in the software, and
requires an upgrade from the previous version. A release that makes a smaller change, requiring only an
update, is indicated by an update number, for example, vSphere 5.5 Update 1.
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Chapter 1 Introduction to vSphere Upgrade
When you upgrade an ESXi host, some host configuration information is preserved in the upgraded version,
and the upgraded host, after rebooting, can join a vCenter Server instance that has been upgraded to the
same level. Because updates and patches do not involve major changes to the software, host configuration is
not affected. For more details, see “Upgrade or Update a Host with Image Profiles,” on page 172
How vCenter Single Sign-On Affects Upgrades
If you upgrade a Simple Install environment to a vCenter Server 6 embedded deployment, upgrade is
seamless. If you upgrade a custom installation, the vCenter Single Sign-On service is part of the
Platform Services Controller after the upgrade. Which users can log in to vCenter Server after an upgrade
depends on the version that you are upgrading from and the deployment configuration.
As part of the upgrade, you can define a different vCenter Single Sign-On domain name to be used instead
of vsphere.local.
Upgrade Paths
The result of the upgrade depends on what installation options you had selected, and what deployment
model you are upgrading to.
Table 1‑1. Upgrade Paths
Source
Result
vSphere 5.5 and earlier Simple Install
vCenter Server with embedded
Platform Services Controller.
vSphere 5.5 and earlier Custom Install
If vCenter Single Sign-On was on a different node than
vCenter Server, an environment with an external
Platform Services Controller results.
If vCenter Single Sign-On was on the same node as
vCenter Server, but other services are on different nodes,
an environment with an embedded
Platform Services Controller results.
If the custom installation included multiple replicating
vCenter Single Sign-On servers, an environment with
multiple replicating Platform Services Controller instances
results.
Who Can Log In After Upgrade of a Simple Install
If you upgrade an environment that you provisioned using the Simple Install option, the result is always an
installation with an embedded Platform Services Controller. Which users are authorized to log in depends
on whether the source environment includes vCenter Single Sign-On.
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Table 1‑2. Login Privileges After Upgrade of Simple Install Environment
Source version
Login access for
Notes
vSphere 5.0
Local operating system users
administrator@vsphere.local
You might be prompted for the
administrator of the root folder
in the vSphere inventory
hierarchy during installation
because of changes in user stores.
If your previous installation
supported Active Directory
users, you can add the Active
Directory domain as an identity
source.
vSphere 5.1
Local operating system users
administrator@vsphere.local
Admin@SystemDomain
Starting with vSphere 5.5,
vCenter Single Sign-On supports
only one default identity source.
You can set the default identity
source.
See the vSphere Security
documentation.
Users in a non-default domain
can specify the domain when
they log in (DOMAIN\user or
user@DOMAIN).
vSphere 5.5
administrator@vsphere.local or the administrator
of the domain that you specified during upgrade.
All users from all identity sources can log in as
before.
If you upgrade from vSphere 5.0, which does not include vCenter Single Sign-On, to a version that includes
vCenter Single Sign-On, local operating system users become far less important than the users in a directory
service such as Active Directory. As a result, it is not always possible, or even desirable, to keep local
operating system users as authenticated users.
Who Can Log In After Upgrade of a Custom Installation
If you upgrade an environment that you provisioned using the Custom Install option, the result depends on
your initial choices:
n
If vCenter Single Sign-On was on the same node as the vCenter Server system, the result is an
installation with an embedded Platform Services Controller.
n
If vCenter Single Sign-On was on a different node than the vCenter Server system, the result is an
installation with an external Platform Services Controller.
n
If you upgrade from vSphere 5.0, you can select an external or embedded Platform Services Controller
as part of the upgrade process.
Login privileges after the upgrade depend on several factors.
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Table 1‑3. Login Privileges After Upgrade of Custom Install Environment
Source version
Login access for
Notes
vSphere 5.0
vCenter Single Sign-On recognizes local
operating system users for the machine where
the Platform Services Controller is installed, but
not for the machine where vCenter Server is
installed.
NOTE Using local operating users for
administration is not recommended, especially in
federated environments.
administrator@vsphere.local can log in to
vCenter Single Sign-On and each vCenter Server
instance as an administrator user.
If your 5.0 installation supported
Active Directory users, those
users no longer have access after
the upgrade. You can add the
Active Directory domain as an
identity source.
vSphere 5.1 or vSphere 5.5
vCenter Single Sign-On recognizes local
operating system users for the machine where
the Platform Services Controller is installed, but
not for the machine where vCenter Server is
installed.
NOTE Using local operating users for
administration is not recommended, especially in
federated environments.
administrator@vsphere.localcan log in to vCenter
Single Sign-On and each vCenter Server instance
as an administrator user.
For upgrades from vSphere 5.1
Admin@SystemDomain has the same privileges
as administrator@vsphere.local.
Starting with vSphere 5.5,
vCenter Single Sign-On supports
only one default identity source.
You can set the default identity
source.
See the vSphere Security
documentation.
Users in a non-default domain
can specify the domain when
they log in (DOMAIN\user or
user@DOMAIN).
vSphere Security Certificates Overview
ESXi hosts and vCenter Server communicate securely over SSL to ensure confidentiality, data integrity and
authentication.
In vSphere 6.0, the VMware Certificate Authority (VMCA) provisions each ESXi host with a signed
certificate that has VMCA as the root certificate authority, by default. Provisioning happens when the ESXi
host is added to vCenter Server explicitly or as part of the ESXi host installation. All ESXi certificates are
stored locally on the host.
You can also use custom certificates with a different root Certificate Authority (CA). For information about
managing certificates for ESXi hosts, see the vSphere Security documentation.
All certificates for vCenter Server and the vCenter Server services are stored in the VMware Endpoint
Certificate Store (VECS).
You can replace the VMCA certificate for vCenter Server with a different certificate signed by a CA. If you
want to use a third party certificate, install the Platform Services Controller, add the new CA-signed root
certificate to VMCA, and then install vCenter Server. For information about managing vCenter Server
certificates, see the vSphere Security documentation.
Enhanced Linked Mode Overview
Enhanced Linked Mode connects multiple vCenter Server systems together by using one or more
Platform Services Controllers.
Enhanced Linked Mode lets you view and search across all linked vCenter Server systems and replicate
roles, permissions, licenses, policies, and tags.
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When you install vCenter Server or deploy the vCenter Server Appliance with an external
Platform Services Controller, you must first install the Platform Services Controller. During installation of
the Platform Services Controller, you can select whether to create a new vCenter Single Sign-On domain or
join an existing domain. You can select to join an existing vCenter Single Sign-On domain if you have
already installed or deployed a Platform Services Controller, and have created a vCenter Single Sign-On
domain. When you join an existing vCenter Single Sign-On domain, the data between the existing
Platform Services Controller and the new Platform Services Controller is replicated, and the infrastructure
data is replicated between the two Platform Services Controllers.
With Enhanced Linked Mode, you can connect not only vCenter Server systems running on Windows but
also many vCenter Server Appliances. You can also have an environment where multiple vCenter Server
systems and vCenter Server Appliances are linked together.
If you install vCenter Server with an external Platform Services Controller, you first must deploy the
Platform Services Controller on one virtual machines or physical server and then deploy vCenter Server on
another virtual machines or physical server. While installing vCenter Server, you must select the external
Platform Services Controller. Make sure that the Platform Services Controller you select is an external
standalone Platform Services Controller. Selecting an existing Platform Services Controller that is a part of
an embedded installation is not supported and cannot be reconfigured after the deployment. For
information about the recommended topologies, see List of recommended topologies for vSphere 6.0.x.
vCenter Server Example Upgrade Paths
Your initial vCenter Server 5.x configuration determines your upgrade and 6.0 configuration options.
Example upgrade paths demonstrate some of common starting configurations before vCenter Server
upgrade and their expected configuration outcomes after vCenter Server upgrade.
If you are currently using vCenter Server 5.0, you do not have any common services configured. You have a
choice of upgrading to vCenter Server with an embedded Platform Services Controller or upgrading to
vCenter Server with an external Platform Services Controller.
Figure 1‑5. vCenter Server 5.0 Deployment Choices for Upgrade
vCenter Server 5.0
vCenter Server 6.0
vCenter Server
Embedded
Deployment
Platform Services
Controller
Operating System
vCenter Server
vSphere Web
Client
Operating System
External
Deployment
Platform Services
Controller
Operating System
vCenter Server
Operating System
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Chapter 1 Introduction to vSphere Upgrade
If you have a simple installation with all vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 components on the same system, the
vCenter Server 6.0 software upgrades your system to vCenter Server with an embedded
Platform Services Controller instance. The software upgrades your vCenter Server common services such as
vCenter Single Single-On in the Platform Services Controller instance. The rest of the vCenter Server
components, such as vSphere Web Client Inventory Service, are upgraded to 6.0 as part of the
vCenter Server group of services. The software upgrades vCenter Server and all its services in the correct
order to the same version.
Figure 1‑6. vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 with Embedded vCenter Single Sign-On Deployment Before and After
Upgrade
vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5
vCenter Server 6.0
vCenter Inventory
Service
vSphere Web
Client
vCenter Server
vCenter Server
vCenter Single
Sign-On
Operating System
Platform Services
Controller
Operating System
If you have a custom vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 environment with an externally deployed
vCenter Single Sign-On, the vCenter Server 6.0 software upgrades your deployment to vCenter Server with
an external Platform Services Controller instance.
Figure 1‑7. vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 with Externally Deployed vCenter Single Sign-On Before and After
Upgrade
vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5
vCenter Server 6.0
vCenter Inventory
Service
vSphere Web
Client
vCenter Server
Operating System
vCenter Single
Sign-On
Operating System
vCenter Server
Operating System
Platform Services
Controller
Operating System
If your configuration includes an Auto Deploy server, the upgrade process upgrades it when upgrading the
associated vCenter Server instance. You cannot use an Auto Deploy server that was included with an earlier
version of the product in conjunction with vCenter Server 6.0. If your Auto Deploy server is running on a
remote system, it is upgraded and migrated to the same system as vCenter Server during the upgrade
process.
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vSphere Upgrade
Figure 1‑8. vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 with Remote Auto Deploy Server Before and After Upgrade
vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5
vCenter Server 6.0
vCenter Inventory
Service
vSphere Web
Client
vCenter Server
vCenter Server
vCenter Single
Sign-On
Operating System
Platform Services
Controller
Operating System
vSphere Auto
Deploy
Operating System
Operating System
For example, if your vCenter Server is part of vCenter Server Appliance, and you installed the Auto Deploy
server on a Windows machine, the upgrade process migrates the Auto Deploy server to the same location as
your vCenter Server Appliance. Any settings are migrated to the new location. However, you must
reconfigure your ESXi hosts to point to the new Auto Deploy location. See “Reconfigure Migrated vCenter
Server Services After Upgrade,” on page 102
If your configuration includes a remotely deployed vSphere Web Client, it is upgraded along with the
vCenter Server instance to which it is registered and migrated to the same location as the vCenter Server
instance.
Figure 1‑9. vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 with Remote vSphere Web Client and vCenter Signle Sign-On Before
and After Upgrade
vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5
vCenter Server 6.0
vCenter Inventory
Service
vCenter Server
Operating System
vCenter Server
Operating System
vSphere Web
Client
vCenter Single
Sign-On
Operating System
Platform Services
Controller
Operating System
Only the vCenter Single Sign-On instance remains remotely deployed as part of the the
Platform Services Controller instance after upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0. If all vCenter Server components
are deployed remotely, all are migrated to the vCenter Server location during the upgrade except
vCenter Single Sign-On. While Inventory Service data is migrated to the vCenter Server location, the legacy
version is no longer used and must be uninstalled manually. See “Migration of Distributed vCenter Server
for Windows Services During Upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0,” on page 71
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Chapter 1 Introduction to vSphere Upgrade
Figure 1‑10. vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 with All Remote Components Before and After Upgrade
vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5
vCenter Inventory
Service
Operating System
vCenter Server
Operating System
vCenter Server 6.0
Data
only
vCenter Server
Operating System
vSphere Web
Client
Operating System
vCenter Single
Sign-On
Operating System
Platform Services
Controller
Operating System
Upgrading vCenter Server from 5.0 to 6.0
(http://link.brightcove.com/services/player/bcpid2296383276001?
bctid=video_upgrading_vcs_5.0_to_6.0)
Upgrading vCenter Server from 5.1 or 5.5 to 6.0
(http://link.brightcove.com/services/player/bcpid2296383276001?
bctid=video_upgrading_vcs_5.1_or_5.5_to_6.0)
If you have multiple systems configured for high availability, vCenter Server enables you to incorporate
your common services into an external Platform Services Controller configuration as part of your upgrade
process.
Upgrading vCenter Server with HA from 5.1 or 5.5 to 6.0
(http://link.brightcove.com/services/player/bcpid2296383276001?
bctid=video_upgrading_vcs_with_ha_5.1_5.5_to_6.0)
If you have a multisite setup configured with replication, you can use vCenter Server to incorporate your
common services into an external Platform Services Controller configuration as part of your upgrade
process.
Support for Multiple vCenter Server instances for 6.0
(http://link.brightcove.com/services/player/bcpid2296383276001?
bctid=video_upgrading_multiple_vcs_5.1_5.5_to_6.0)
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Upgrade Requirements
2
To upgrade vCenter Server and ESXi instances, your systems must meet specific requirements.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“vCenter Server Upgrade Compatibility,” on page 29
n
“vCenter Server for Windows Requirements,” on page 30
n
“vCenter Server Appliance Requirements,” on page 33
n
“vCenter Server Required Ports,” on page 35
n
“vCenter Server Database Configuration Notes,” on page 37
n
“ESXi Requirements,” on page 37
n
“vSphere DNS Requirements,” on page 43
n
“vSphere Web Client Software Requirements,” on page 43
n
“Client Integration Plug-In Software Requirements,” on page 43
n
“vSphere Client Requirements,” on page 44
n
“Required Free Space for System Logging,” on page 45
vCenter Server Upgrade Compatibility
The upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0 affects other software components of the data center.
Table 2-1 summarizes how upgrading vCenter Server can affect your data center components.
vCenter Server 6.0 can manage ESXi 5.x hosts in the same cluster with ESXi 6.0 hosts, but not ESX 4.x or
ESXi 4.x hosts.
You cannot upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0 from vCenter Server 4.x or earlier. You must first upgrade to
vCenter Server 5.x.
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Table 2‑1. Upgrading vCenter Server and Related VMware Products and Components
Product or Component
Compatibility
vCenter Server
Verify support for the upgrade path from your current version of vCenter Server to your
planned upgrade version. See the VMware Product Interoperability Matrix at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
vCenter Server database
Verify that your database is supported for the vCenter Server version that you are
upgrading to. Upgrade the database if necessary. See the VMware Product
Interoperability Matrix at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
NOTE vCenter Server Appliance for vCenter Server 6.0 uses vPostgres for the embedded
database. For external databases, vCenter Server Appliance supports only Oracle
databases, in the same versions shown in the VMware Product Interoperability Matrix
for the version of vCenter Server that you are upgrading to.
vSphere Web Client
Verify that your vSphere Web Client works with the vCenter Server version that you are
upgrading to. For best performance and compatibility, upgrade your vSphere Web Client
to the same version as your vCenter Server. See the VMware Product Interoperability
Matrix at http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
ESX and ESXi hosts
Verify that your ESX or ESXi host works with the vCenter Server version that you are
upgrading to. Upgrade if necessary. See the VMware Product Interoperability Matrix at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
VMFS-3 volumes
You can continue to use existing VMFS-3 datastores, but you cannot create VMFS-3
datastores. If you have VMFS-3 datastores, upgrade them to VMFS-6.
Virtual machines
Upgrade options depend on your current version. See Chapter 11, “Upgrading Virtual
Machines and VMware Tools,” on page 183.
VMware Tools
Upgrade options depend on your current version. See the information about upgrading
VMware Tools in Chapter 11, “Upgrading Virtual Machines and VMware Tools,” on
page 183.
Auto Deploy
To ensure compatibility and best performance, when you upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0,
use Auto Deploy to upgrade ESXi hosts to the same version.
vCenter Server for Windows Requirements
To upgrade vCenter Server on a Windows virtual machine or physical server, your system must meet
specific hardware and software requirements.
30
n
Synchronize the clocks on all machines running the vCenter Server 5.x services. See “Synchronizing
Clocks on the vSphere Network,” on page 61.
n
Verify that the system network name of the machines running vCenter Server 5.x services are valid, and
are reachable from other machines in the network.
n
Verify that the host name of the virtual machine or physical server that you are installing or upgrading
vCenter Server on complies with RFC 1123 guidelines.
n
If your vCenter Server service is running in a user account other than the Local System account, verify
that the user account in which the vCenter Server service is running has the following permissions:
n
Member of the Administrators group
n
Log on as a service
n
Act as part of the operating system (if the user is a domain user)
n
Verify that the LOCAL SERVICE account has read permission on the folder in which vCenter Server is
installed and on the HKLM registry.
n
Verify that the connection between the virtual machine or physical server and the domain controller is
working.
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vCenter Server for Windows Pre-Upgrade Checker
When you upgrade vCenter Server and the Platform Services Controller, the installer does a pre-upgrade
check, for example, to verify that enough space is available on the virtual machine or physical server where
you are upgrading vCenter Server, and verifies that the external database, if any, can be successfully
accessed.
When you deploy vCenter Server with an embedded Platform Services Controller, or an external
Platform Services Controller, vCenter Single Sign-On is installed as part of the Platform Services Controller.
At the time of upgrade, the installer provides you with the option to join an existing vCenter Single Sign-On
server domain. When you provide the information about the other vCenter Single Sign-On service, the
installer uses the administrator account to check the host name and password, to verify that the details of
the vCenter Single Sign-On server you provided can be authenticated before proceeding with the upgrade
process.
The pre-upgrade checker performs checks for the following aspects of the environment:
n
Windows version
n
Minimum processor requirements
n
Minimum memory requirements
n
Minimum disk space requirements
n
Permissions on the selected install and data directory
n
Internal and external port availability
n
External database version
n
External database connectivity
n
Administrator privileges on the Windows machine
n
Any credentials that you enter
n
vCenter Server 5.x services
For information about the minimum storage requirements, see “vCenter Server for Windows Storage
Requirements,” on page 31. For information about the minimum hardware requirements, see “vCenter
Server for Windows Hardware Requirements,” on page 32.
vCenter Server for Windows Storage Requirements
When you upgrade vCenter Server, your system must meet minimum storage requirements.
The storage requirements per folder depend on the vCenter Server 5.x services deployed on the machine,
the upgrade deployment model, and the size of your vSphere 5.x inventory. The installer dynamically
calculates the storage requirement during the upgrade, and verifies that the machine has sufficient free disk
space before proceeding with the upgrade.
During installation, you can select a folder other than the default C:\Program Files\VMware folder to install
vCenter Server and the Platform Services Controller. You can also select a folder other than the default
C:\ProgramData\VMware\vCenterServer\ in which to store data. The following table lists the absolute
minimum disk space requirements for the different deployment models. The requirements change
depending on the installed vCenter Server 5.x services and the vSphere 5.x inventory size.
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Table 2‑2. vCenter Server Minimum Storage Requirements Depending On the Deployment Model
Default Folder
vCenter Server with an
Embedded
Platform Services
Controller
vCenter Server with an
External
Platform Services
Controller
External
Platform Services
Controller
Program Files
6 GB
6 GB
1 GB
ProgramData
8 GB
8 GB
2 GB
System folder (to cache the
MSI installer)
3 GB
3 GB
1 GB
vCenter Server for Windows Hardware Requirements
When you install vCenter Server on a virtual machine or physical server running Microsoft Windows, your
system must meet specific hardware requirements.
You can install vCenter Server and the Platform Services Controller on the same virtual machine or physical
server or on different virtual machines or physical servers. When you install vCenter Server with an
embedded Platform Services Controller, you install vCenter Server and the Platform Services Controller on
the same virtual machine or physical server. When you install the vCenter Server with an external
Platform Services Controller, first install the Platform Services Controller that contains all of the required
services on one virtual machine or physical server, and then install vCenter Server and the vCenter Server
components on another virtual machine or physical server.
NOTE Installing vCenter Server on a network drive or USB flash drive is not supported.
Table 2‑3. Minimum Recommended Hardware Requirements for Installing vCenter Server on a Windows
Machine
Platform Services
Controller
Tiny
Environment
(up to 10
Hosts, 100
Virtual
Machines)
Small
Environment
(up to 100
Hosts, 1000
Virtual
Machines)
Medium
Environment
(up to 400
Hosts, 4,000
Virtual
Machines)
Large
Environment
(up to 1,000
Hosts, 10,000
Virtual
Machines)
Number of CPUs
2
2
4
8
16
Memory
2 GB RAM
8 GB RAM
16 GB RAM
24 GB RAM
32 GB RAM
IMPORTANT For vCenter Server with an embedded Platform Services Controller, you must add the hardware
requirements for Platform Services Controller to the hardware requirements for vCenter Server depending
on the size of your environment.
For the hardware requirements of your database, see the database documentation. The database
requirements are in addition to the vCenter Server requirements if the database and vCenter Server run on
the same machine.
vCenter Server for Windows Software Requirements
Make sure that your operating system supports vCenter Server.
vCenter Server requires a 64-bit operating system, and the 64-bit system DSN is required for vCenter Server
to connect to the external database.
The earliest Windows Server version that vCenter Server supports is Windows Server 2008 SP2. Your
Windows Server must have the latest updates and patches installed. For a full list of supported operating
systems, see http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2091273.
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vCenter Server for Windows Database Requirements
vCenter Server requires a database to store and organize server data.
Each vCenter Server instance must have its own database. For environments with up to 20 hosts and 200
virtual machines, you can use the bundled PostgreSQL database that the vCenter Server installer can install
and set up for you during the vCenter Server installation. Larger installations require a supported database.
During vCenter Server installation or upgrade, you must select to install the embedded database or point
the vCenter Server system to any existing supported database. vCenter Server supports Oracle and
Microsoft SQL Server databases. For information about supported database server versions, see the VMware
Product Interoperability Matrix at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
vCenter Server Appliance Requirements
You can deploy the vCenter Server Appliance on a host running ESXi 5.0 or later. Your system must also
meet specific software and hardware requirements.
When you use Fully Qualified Domain Names, make sure that the machine you use for deploying the
vCenter Server Appliance and the ESXi host are on the same DNS server.
Before you deploy the vCenter Server Appliance, synchronize the clocks of all virtual machines on the
vSphere network. Unsynchronized clocks might result in authentication problems and can cause the
installation to fail or prevent the vCenter Server services from starting. See “Synchronizing Clocks on the
vSphere Network,” on page 61.
IMPORTANT Upgrade of vCenter Server Appliance that is registered with an external vCenter Single Sign-On
server is not supported. You can upgrade to vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 only if you use embedded
vCenter Single Sign-On.
vCenter Server Appliance Hardware Requirements
When you deploy the vCenter Server Appliance, you can select to deploy an appliance that is suitable for
the size of your vSphere environment. The option that you select determine the number of CPUs and the
amount of memory that the appliance will have.
The hardware requirements such as number of CPUs and memory depend on the size of your vSphere
inventory.
Table 2‑4. Hardware Requirements for VMware vCenter Server Appliance
Resources
Platform Services
Controller
Tiny
Environment
(up to 10
Hosts, 100
Virtual
Machines)
Small
Environment
(up to 100
Hosts, 1,000
Virtual
Machines)
Medium
Environment
(up to 400
Hosts, 4,000
Virtual
Machines)
Large
Environment
(up to 1,000
Hosts, 10,000
Virtual
Machines)
Number of CPUs
2
2
4
8
16
Memory
2 GB RAM
8 GB RAM
16 GB RAM
24 GB RAM
32 GB RAM
IMPORTANT For vCenter Server Appliance with an embedded Platform Services Controller, you must add
the hardware requirements for Platform Services Controller to the hardware requirements for
vCenter Server Appliance depending on the size of your environment.
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vCenter Server Appliance Storage Requirements
When you deploy the vCenter Server Appliance, the host on which you deploy the appliance must meet
minimum storage requirements. The required storage depends not only on the size of the vSphere
environment, but also on the disk provisioning mode.
The storage requirements depend on the deployment model that you select to deploy.
Table 2‑5. vCenter Server Minimum Storage Requirements Depending On the Deployment Model
vCenter Server Appliance
with an Embedded
Platform Services
Controller
vCenter Server Appliance
with an External
Platform Services
Controller
External
Platform Services
Controller Appliance
Tiny environment (up to 10
hosts, 100 virtual machines)
120 GB
86 GB
30 GB
Small environment (up to
100 hosts, 1,000 virtual
machines)
150 GB
108 GB
30 GB
Medium environment (up to
400 hosts, 4,000 virtual
machine)
300 GB
220 GB
30 GB
Large environment (up to
1,000 hosts, 10,000 virtual
machines)
450 GB
280 GB
30 GB
Software Included in the vCenter Server Appliance
The vCenter Server Appliance is a preconfigured Linux-based virtual machine optimized for running
vCenter Server and associated services.
The vCenter Server Appliance package contains the following software:
n
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 Update 3 for VMware, 64-bit edition
n
PostgreSQL
n
vCenter Server 6.0 and vCenter Server 6.0 components.
vCenter Server Appliance Software Requirements
The VMware vCenter Server Appliance can be deployed only on hosts that are running ESXi version 5.0 or
later.
You can deploy the vCenter Server Appliance only by using the Client Integration Plug-In, which is an
HTML installer for Windows that you can use to connect directly to an ESXi 5.0.x, ESXi 5.1.x, ESXi 5.5.x, or
ESXi 6.0 host and deploy the vCenter Server Appliance on the host.
IMPORTANT You cannot deploy the vCenter Server Appliance by using the vSphere Client or the
vSphere Web Client. During the deployment of the vCenter Server Appliance you must provide various
inputs, such as Operating System and vCenter Single Sign-On passwords. If you try to deploy the appliance
by using the vSphere Client or the vSphere Web Client, you are not prompted to provide such inputs and
the deployment fails.
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vCenter Server Appliance Database Requirements
The vCenter Server Appliance requires a database to store and organize server data.
Each vCenter Server Appliance instance must have its own database. You can use the bundled PostgreSQL
database that is included in the vCenter Server Appliance, which supports up to 1,000 hosts and 10,000
virtual machines.
For external databases, the vCenter Server Appliance supports only Oracle databases. These Oracle
databases are of the same versions shown in the VMware Product Interoperability Matrix for the version of
the vCenter Server that you are installing. See the VMware Product Interoperability Matrix at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
If you want to use an external database, make sure that you create a 64-bit DSN so that vCenter Server can
connect to the Oracle database.
vCenter Server Required Ports
The vCenter Server system both on Windows and in the appliance, must be able to send data to every
managed host and receive data from the vSphere Web Client and the Platform Services Controller services.
To enable migration and provisioning activities between managed hosts, the source and destination hosts
must be able to receive data from each other.
If a port is in use or is blacklisted, the vCenter Server installer displays an error message. You must use
another port number to proceed with the installation. There are internal ports that are used only for interprocess communication.
VMware uses designated ports for communication. Additionally, the managed hosts monitor designated
ports for data from vCenter Server. If a firewall exists between any of these elements, the installer opens the
ports during the installation or upgrade process. For custom firewalls, you must manually open the
required ports. If you have a firewall between two managed hosts and you want to perform source or target
activities, such as migration or cloning, you must configure a means for the managed hosts to receive data.
NOTE In Microsoft Windows Server 2008 and later, firewall is enabled by default.
Table 2‑6. Ports Required for Communication Between Components
Port
Description
Can Be Changed During Installation
22
System port for SSHD.
This port is used only by the vCenter Server Appliance.
No
80
vCenter Server requires port 80 for direct HTTP connections. Port
80 redirects requests to HTTPS port 443. This redirection is useful
if you accidentally use http://server instead of https://server.
WS-Management (also requires port 443 to be open).
If you use a Microsoft SQL database that is stored on the same
virtual machine or physical server as the vCenter Server, port 80
is used by the SQL Reporting Service. When you install or
upgrade vCenter Server, the installer prompts you to change the
HTTP port for vCenter Server. Change the vCenter Server HTTP
port to a custom value to ensure a successful installation or
upgrade.
Yes
88
VMware key distribution center port.
No
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Table 2‑6. Ports Required for Communication Between Components (Continued)
Port
Description
Can Be Changed During Installation
389
This port must be open on the local and all remote instances of
vCenter Server. This is the LDAP port number for the Directory
Services for the vCenter Server group. If another service is
running on this port, it might be preferable to remove it or
change its port to a different port. You can run the LDAP service
on any port from 1025 through 65535.
If this instance is serving as the Microsoft Windows Active
Directory, change the port number from 389 to an available port
from 1025 through 65535.
No
443
The default port that the vCenter Server system uses to listen for
connections from the vSphere Web Client. To enable the
vCenter Server system to receive data from the
vSphere Web Client, open port 443 in the firewall.
The vCenter Server system also uses port 443 to monitor data
transfer from SDK clients.
This port is also used for the following services:
n WS-Management (also requires port 80 to be open)
n Third-party network management client connections to
vCenter Server
n Third-party network management clients access to hosts
Yes
514
vSphere Syslog Collector port for vCenter Server on Windows
and vSphere Syslog Service port for vCenter Server Appliance
Yes
636
For vCenter Server Enhanced Linked Mode, this is the SSL port
of the local instance. If another service is running on this port, it
might be preferable to remove it or change its port to a different
port. You can run the SSL service on any port from 1025 through
65535.
No
902
The default port that the vCenter Server system uses to send data
to managed hosts. Managed hosts also send a regular heartbeat
over UDP port 902 to the vCenter Server system. This port must
not be blocked by firewalls between the server and the hosts or
between hosts.
Port 902 must not be blocked between the vSphere Client and the
hosts. The vSphere Client uses this port to display virtual
machine consoles
Yes
1514
vSphere Syslog Collector TLS port for vCenter Server on
Windows and vSphere Syslog Service TLS port for
vCenter Server Appliance
Yes
2012
Control interface RPC for vCenter Single Sign-On
No
2014
RPC port for all VMCA (VMware Certificate Authority) APIs
Yes
2020
Authentication framework management
Yes
6500
ESXi Dump Collector port
Yes
6501
Auto Deploy service
Yes
6502
Auto Deploy management
Yes
7444
Secure Token Service
No
9443
vSphere Web Client HTTPS
No
11711
vCenter Single Sign-On LDAP
No
11712
vCenter Single Sign-On LDAPS
No
To configure the vCenter Server system to use a different port to receive vSphere Web Client data, see the
vCenter Server and Host Management documentation.
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For more information about firewall configuration, see the vSphere Security documentation.
vCenter Server Database Configuration Notes
After you select a supported database type, make sure you understand any special configuration
requirements.
Table 2-7 is not a complete list of databases supported with vCenter Server and the
vCenter Server Appliance. For information about specific database versions and service pack configurations
supported with vCenter Server, see the VMware Product Interoperability Matrixes. The
vCenter Server Appliance supports the same Oracle database versions as vCenter Server. Only special
database configuration notes not listed in the Product Interoperability Matrixes are provided in Table 2-7.
NOTE vSphere Update Manager also requires a database. Use separate databases for vCenter Server and
vSphere Update Manager.
vCenter Server databases require a UTF code set.
Table 2‑7. Configuration Notes for Databases Supported with vCenter Server
Database Type
Configuration Notes
PostgreSQL
For vCenter Server 6.0, the bundled PostgreSQL database is suitable for environments with
up to 20 hosts and 200 virtual machines. For the vCenter Server Appliance, you can use the
embedded PostgreSQL database for environments with up to 1,000 hosts and 10,000 virtual
machines.
IMPORTANT If you use the embedded PostgreSQL database, uninstalling vCenter Server on
Windows, uninstalls the embedded database, and all data is lost.
When you upgrade vCenter Server 5.x to vCenter Server 6.0, the bundled Microsoft SQL
Server Express database is migrated to PostgreSQL.
Microsoft SQL Server 2008
R2 SP2 or higher
Ensure that the machine has a valid ODBC DSN entry.
NOTE This database is not supported for the vCenter Server Appliance.
Microsoft SQL Server 2012
Ensure that the machine has a valid ODBC DSN entry.
NOTE This database is not supported for the vCenter Server Appliance.
Microsoft SQL Server 2014
Ensure that the machine has a valid ODBC DSN entry.
NOTE This database is not supported for the vCenter Server Appliance.
Oracle 11g and Oracle 12c
Ensure that the machine has a valid ODBC DSN entry.
After you complete the vCenter Server installation, apply the latest patch to the Oracle
client and server.
ESXi Requirements
To install ESXi 6.0 or upgrade to ESXi 6.0, your system must meet specific hardware and software
requirements.
ESXi Hardware Requirements
Make sure the host meets the minimum hardware configurations supported by ESXi 6.0.
Hardware and System Resources
To install or upgrade ESXi 6.0, your hardware and system resources must meet the following requirements:
n
Supported server platform . For a list of supported platforms, see the VMware Compatibility Guide at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility.
n
ESXi 6.0 requires a host machine with at least two CPU cores.
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n
ESXi 6.0 supports 64-bit x86 processors released after September 2006. This includes a broad range of
multi-core processors. For a complete list of supported processors, see the VMware compatibility guide
at http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility.
n
ESXi 6.0 requires the NX/XD bit to be enabled for the CPU in the BIOS.
n
ESXi requires a minimum of 4GB of physical RAM. It is recommended to provide at least 8 GB of RAM
to run virtual machines in typical production environments.
n
To support 64-bit virtual machines, support for hardware virtualization (Intel VT-x or AMD RVI) must
be enabled on x64 CPUs.
n
One or more Gigabit or faster Ethernet controllers. For a list of supported network adapter models, see
the VMware Compatibility Guide at http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility.
n
SCSI disk or a local, non-network, RAID LUN with unpartitioned space for the virtual machines.
n
For Serial ATA (SATA), a disk connected through supported SAS controllers or supported on-board
SATA controllers. SATA disks will be considered remote, not local. These disks will not be used as a
scratch partition by default because they are seen as remote.
NOTE You cannot connect a SATA CD-ROM device to a virtual machine on an ESXi 6.0 host. To use the
SATA CD-ROM device, you must use IDE emulation mode.
Storage Systems
For a list of supported storage systems, see the VMware Compatibility Guide at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility. For Software Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE), see
“Installing and Booting ESXi with Software FCoE,” on page 132.
ESXi Booting Requirements
vSphere 6.0 supports booting ESXi hosts from the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI). With UEFI,
you can boot systems from hard drives, CD-ROM drives, or USB media. Network booting or provisioning
with VMware Auto Deploy requires the legacy BIOS firmware and is not available with UEFI.
ESXi can boot from a disk larger than 2TB provided that the system firmware and the firmware on any addin card that you are using support it. See the vendor documentation.
NOTE Changing the boot type from legacy BIOS to UEFI after you install ESXi 6.0 might cause the host to
fail to boot. In this case, the host displays an error message similar to Not a VMware boot bank. Changing the
host boot type between legacy BIOS and UEFI is not supported after you install ESXi 6.0.
Storage Requirements for ESXi 6.0 Installation or Upgrade
Installing ESXi 6.0 or upgrading to ESXi 6.0 requires a boot device that is a minimum of 1GB in size. When
booting from a local disk, SAN or iSCSI LUN, a 5.2GB disk is required to allow for the creation of the VMFS
volume and a 4GB scratch partition on the boot device . If a smaller disk or LUN is used, the installer
attempts to allocate a scratch region on a separate local disk. If a local disk cannot be found the scratch
partition, /scratch, is located on the ESXi host ramdisk, linked to /tmp/scratch. You can
reconfigure /scratch to use a separate disk or LUN. For best performance and memory optimization, do not
leave /scratch on the ESXi host ramdisk.
To reconfigure /scratch, see the topic "Set the Scratch Partition from the vSphere Web Client" in the vSphere
Installation and Setup documentation.
Due to the I/O sensitivity of USB and SD devices the installer does not create a scratch partition on these
devices. When installing or upgrading on USB or SD devices, the installer attempts to allocate a scratch
region on an available local disk or datastore. If no local disk or datastore is found, /scratch is placed on the
ramdisk. After the installation or upgrade, you should reconfigure /scratch to use a persistent datastore.
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Although a 1GB USB or SD device suffices for a minimal installation, you should use a 4GB or larger device.
The extra space will be used for an expanded coredump partition on the USB/SD device. Use a high quality
USB flash drive of 16GB or larger so that the extra flash cells can prolong the life of the boot media, but high
quality drives of 4GB or larger are sufficient to hold the extended coredump partition. See Knowledge Base
article 2004784.
In Auto Deploy installations, the installer attempts to allocate a scratch region on an available local disk or
datastore. If no local disk or datastore is found, /scratch is placed on ramdisk. You should
reconfigure /scratch to use a persistent datastore following the installation.
For environments that boot from a SAN or use Auto Deploy, you need not allocate a separate LUN for each
ESXi host. You can co-locate the scratch regions for many ESXi hosts onto a single LUN. The number of
hosts assigned to any single LUN should be weighed against the LUN size and the I/O behavior of the
virtual machines.
Supported Remote Management Server Models and Firmware Versions
You can use remote management applications to install or upgrade ESXi, or to manage hosts remotely.
Table 2‑8. Supported Remote Management Server Models and Minimum Firmware Versions
Remote Management Server
Model
Firmware Version
Java
Dell DRAC 7
1.30.30 (Build 43)
1.7.0_60-b19
Dell DRAC 6
1.54 (Build 15), 1.70 (Build 21)
1.6.0_24
Dell DRAC 5
1.0, 1.45, 1.51
1.6.0_20,1.6.0_203
Dell DRAC 4
1.75
1.6.0_23
HP ILO
1.81, 1.92
1.6.0_22, 1.6.0_23
HP ILO 2
1.8, 1.81
1.6.0_20, 1.6.0_23
HP ILO 3
1.28
1.7.0_60-b19
HP ILO 4
1.13
1.7.0_60-b19
IBM RSA 2
1.03, 1.2
1.6.0_22
Recommendations for Enhanced ESXi Performance
To enhance performance, install or upgrade ESXi on a robust system with more RAM than the minimum
required and with multiple physical disks.
For ESXi system requirements, see “ESXi Hardware Requirements,” on page 37. See also the technical
papers on vSphere 5 performance at http://www.vmware.com/resources/techresources/cat/91,203,96.
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Table 2‑9. Recommendations for Enhanced Performance
System Element
Recommendation
RAM
ESXi hosts require more RAM than typical servers. Provide
at least 8GB of RAM to take full advantage of ESXi features
and run virtual machines in typical production
environments. An ESXi host must have sufficient RAM to
run concurrent virtual machines. The following examples
are provided to help you calculate the RAM required by
the virtual machines running on the ESXi host.
Operating four virtual machines with
Red Hat Enterprise Linux or Windows XP requires at least
3GB of RAM for baseline performance. This figure includes
approximately 1024MB for the virtual machines, 256MB
minimum for each operating system as recommended by
vendors.
Running these four virtual machines with 512MB RAM
requires that the ESXi host have approximately 4GB RAM,
which includes 2048MB for the virtual machines.
These calculations do not take into account possible
memory savings from using variable overhead memory for
each virtual machine. See vSphere Resource Management.
Dedicated Fast Ethernet adapters for virtual machines
Place the management network and virtual machine
networks on different physical network cards. Dedicated
Gigabit Ethernet cards for virtual machines, such as Intel
PRO 1000 adapters, improve throughput to virtual
machines with high network traffic.
Disk location
Place all data that your virtual machines use on physical
disks allocated specifically to virtual machines.
Performance is better when you do not place your virtual
machines on the disk containing the ESXi boot image. Use
physical disks that are large enough to hold disk images
that all the virtual machines use.
VMFS5 partitioning
The ESXi installer creates the initial VMFS volumes on the
first blank local disk found. To add disks or modify the
original configuration, use the vSphere Web Client. This
practice ensures that the starting sectors of partitions are
64K-aligned, which improves storage performance.
NOTE For SAS-only environments, the installer might not
format the disks. For some SAS disks, it is not possible to
identify whether the disks are local or remote. After the
installation, you can use the vSphere Web Client to set up
VMFS.
Processors
Faster processors improve ESXi performance. For certain
workloads, larger caches improve ESXi performance.
Hardware compatibility
Use devices in your server that are supported by ESXi 6.0
drivers. See the Hardware Compatibility Guide at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility.
Incoming and Outgoing Firewall Ports for ESXi Hosts
The vSphere Web Client allows you to open and close firewall ports for each service or to allow traffic from
selected IP addresses.
The following table lists the firewalls for services that are usually installed. If you install other VIBs on your
host, additional services and firewall ports might become available.
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Table 2‑10. Incoming Firewall Connections
Service
Port
Comment
CIM Server
5988 (TCP)
Server for CIM (Common Information Model).
CIM Secure Server
5989 (TCP)
Secure server for CIM.
CIM SLP
427 (TCP, UDP)
The CIM client uses the Service Location Protocol,
version 2 (SLPv2) to find CIM servers.
DHCPv6
546 (TCP, UDP)
DHCP client for IPv6.
DVSSync
8301, 8302 (UDP)
DVSSync ports are used for synchronizing states
of distributed virtual ports between hosts that
have VMware FT record/replay enabled. Only
hosts that run primary or backup virtual machines
must have these ports open. On hosts that are not
using VMware FT these ports do not have to be
open.
NFC
902 (TCP)
Network File Copy (NFC) provides a file-typeaware FTP service for vSphere components. ESXi
uses NFC for operations such as copying and
moving data between datastores by default.
Virtual SAN Clustering Service
12345, 23451 (UDP)
Virtual SAN Cluster Monitoring and Membership
Directory Service. Uses UDP-based IP multicast to
establish cluster members and distribute Virtual
SAN metadata to all cluster members. If disabled,
Virtual SAN does not work.
DHCP Client
68 (UDP)
DHCP client for IPv4.
DNS Client
53 (UDP)
DNS client.
Fault Tolerance
8200, 8100, 8300 (TCP, UDP)
Traffic between hosts for vSphere Fault Tolerance
(FT).
NSX Distributed Logical Router
Service
6999 (UDP)
NSX Virtual Distributed Router service. The
firewall port associated with this service is opened
when NSX VIBs are installed and the VDR module
is created. If no VDR instances are associated with
the host, the port does not have to be open.
This service was called NSX Distributed Logical
Router in earlier versions of the product.
Virtual SAN Transport
2233 (TCP)
Virtual SAN reliable datagram transport. Uses
TCP and is used for Virtual SAN storage IO. If
disabled, Virtual SAN does not work.
SNMP Server
161 (UDP)
Allows the host to connect to an SNMP server.
SSH Server
22 (TCP)
Required for SSH access.
vMotion
8000 (TCP)
Required for virtual machine migration with
vMotion.
vSphere Web Client
902, 443 (TCP)
Client connections
vsanvp
8080 (TCP)
VSAN VASA Vendor Provider. Used by the
Storage Management Service (SMS) that is part of
vCenter to access information about Virtual SAN
storage profiles, capabilities, and compliance. If
disabled, Virtual SAN Storage Profile Based
Management (SPBM) does not work.
vSphere Web Access
80 (TCP)
Welcome page, with download links for different
interfaces.
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Table 2‑11. Outgoing Firewall Connections
42
Service
Port
Comment
CIM SLP
427 (TCP, UDP)
The CIM client uses the Service Location Protocol,
version 2 (SLPv2) to find CIM servers.
DHCPv6
547 (TCP, UDP)
DHCP client for IPv6.
DVSSync
8301, 8302 (UDP)
DVSSync ports are used for synchronizing states
of distributed virtual ports between hosts that
have VMware FT record/replay enabled. Only
hosts that run primary or backup virtual machines
must have these ports open. On hosts that are not
using VMware FT these ports do not have to be
open.
HBR
44046, 31031 (TCP)
Used for ongoing replication traffic by vSphere
Replication and VMware Site Recovery Manager.
NFC
902 (TCP)
Network File Copy (NFC) provides a file-typeaware FTP service for vSphere components. ESXi
uses NFC for operations such as copying and
moving data between datastores by default.
VVOL
9 (UDP)
Used by the Virtual Volumes feature.
Virtual SAN Clustering Service
12345 23451 (UDP)
Cluster Monitoring, Membership, and Directory
Service used by Virtual SAN.
DHCP Client
68 (UDP)
DHCP client.
DNS Client
53 (TCP, UDP)
DNS client.
Fault Tolerance
80, 8200, 8100, 8300 (TCP, UDP)
Supports VMware Fault Tolerance.
Software iSCSI Client
3260 (TCP)
Supports software iSCSI.
NSX Distributed Logical Router
Service
6999 (UDP)
The firewall port associated with this service is
opened when NSX VIBs are installed and the VDR
module is created. If no VDR instances are
associated with the host, the port does not have to
be open.
rabbitmqproxy
5671 (TCP)
A proxy running on the ESXi host that allows
applications running inside virtual machines to
communicate to the AMQP brokers running in the
vCenter network domain. The virtual machine
does not have to be on the network, that is, no NIC
is required. The proxy connects to the brokers in
the vCenter network domain. Therefore, the
outgoing connection IP addresses should at least
include the current brokers in use or future
brokers. Brokers can be added if customer would
like to scale up.
Virtual SAN Transport
2233 (TCP)
Used for RDT traffic (Unicast peer to peer
communication) between Virtual SAN nodes.
vMotion
8000 (TCP)
Required for virtual machine migration with
vMotion.
VMware vCenter Agent
902 (UDP)
vCenter Server agent.
vsanvp
8080 (TCP)
Used for Virtual SAN Vendor Provider traffic.
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vSphere DNS Requirements
You install or upgrade vCenter Server, like any other network server, on a host machine with a fixed IP
address and well-known DNS name, so that clients can reliably access the service.
Assign a static IP address and host name to the Windows server that will host the vCenter Server system.
This IP address must have a valid (internal) domain name system (DNS) registration. When you install
vCenter Server and the Platform Services Controller, you must provide the fully qualified domain name
(FQDN) or the static IP of the host machine on which you are performing the install or upgrade. The
recommendation is to use the FQDN.
When you deploy the vCenter Server Appliance, you can assign a static IP to the appliance. This way, you
ensure that in case of system restart, the IP address of the vCenter Server Appliance remains the same.
Ensure that DNS reverse lookup returns an FQDN when queried with the IP address of the host machine on
which vCenter Server is installed. When you install or upgrade vCenter Server, the installation or upgrade
of the Web server component that supports the vSphere Web Client fails if the installer cannot look up the
fully qualified domain name of the vCenter Server host machine from its IP address. Reverse lookup is
implemented using PTR records.
If you use DHCP instead of a static IP address for vCenter Server, make sure that the vCenter Server
computer name is updated in the domain name service (DNS). If you can ping the computer name, the
name is updated in DNS.
Ensure that the ESXi host management interface has a valid DNS resolution from the vCenter Server and all
vSphere Web Client instances. Ensure that the vCenter Server has a valid DNS resolution from all ESXi hosts
and all vSphere Web Clients.
vSphere Web Client Software Requirements
Make sure that your browser supports the vSphere Web Client.
The vSphere Web Client 6.0 requires Adobe Flash Player 16 or later. The latest Adobe Flash Player version
for Linux systems is 11.2. Therefore, the vSphere Web Client cannot run on Linux platforms.
VMware has tested and supports the following guest operating systems and browser versions for the
vSphere Web Client. For best performance, use Google Chrome.
Table 2‑12. Supported Guest Operating Systems and Minimum Browser Versions for the
vSphere Web Client
Operating system
Browser
Windows
Microsoft Internet Explorer 10.0.19 and later.
Mozilla Firefox 34 and later.
Google Chrome 39 and later.
Mac OS
Mozilla Firefox 34 and later.
Google Chrome 39 and later.
Client Integration Plug-In Software Requirements
If you plan to install the Client Integration Plug-in separately from the vSphere Web Client so that you can
connect to an ESXi host and deploy or upgrade the vCenter Server Appliance, make sure that your browser
supports the Client Integration Plug-in.
To use the Client Integration Plug-in, verify that you have one of the supported Web browsers.
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Table 2‑13. Supported Web Browsers
Browser
Supported Versions
Microsoft Internet Explorer
Version 10 and 11
Mozilla Firefox
Version 30 and later
Google Chrome
Version 35 and later
vSphere Client Requirements
You can install the vSphere Client to manage single ESXi host. The Windows system on which you install
the vSphere Client must meet specific hardware and software requirements.
vSphere Client Hardware Requirements
Make sure that the vSphere Client hardware meets the minimum requirements.
vSphere Client Minimum Hardware Requirements and Recommendations
Table 2‑14. vSphere Client Minimum Hardware Requirements and Recommendations
vSphere Client Hardware
Requirements and Recommendations
CPU
1 CPU
Processor
500MHz or faster Intel or AMD processor (1GHz
recommended)
Memory
500MB (1GB recommended)
Disk Storage
1.5GB free disk space for a complete installation, which
includes the following components:
n Microsoft .NET 2.0 SP2
n Microsoft .NET 3.0 SP2
n Microsoft .NET 3.5 SP1
n Microsoft Visual J#
Remove any previously installed versions of Microsoft
Visual J# on the system where you are installing the
vSphere Client.
vSphere
Client
n
If you do not have any of these components already
installed, you must have 400MB free on the drive that has
the %temp% directory.
If you have all of the components already installed, 300MB
of free space is required on the drive that has the %temp%
directory, and 450MB is required for vSphere Client.
Networking
Gigabit connection recommended
vSphere Client Software Requirements
Make sure that your operating system supports the vSphere Client.
For the most current, complete list of supported operating systems for the vSphere Client, see Supported
host operating systems for vSphere Client (Windows) installation.
The vSphere Client requires the Microsoft .NET 3.5 SP1 Framework. If it is not installed on your system, the
vSphere Client installer installs it. The .NET 3.5 SP1 installation might require Internet connectivity to
download more files.
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TCP and UDP Ports for the vSphere Client
ESXi hosts and other network components are accessed using predetermined TCP and UDP ports. If you
manage network components from outside a firewall, you might be required to reconfigure the firewall to
allow access on the appropriate ports.
The table lists TCP and UDP ports, and the purpose and the type of each. Ports that are open by default at
installation time are indicated by (Default).
Table 2‑15. TCP and UDP Ports
Port
Purpose
Traffic Type
443 (Default)
HTTPS access
vSphere Client access to vCenter Server
vSphere Client access to ESXi hosts
vSphere Client access to vSphere Update Manager
Incoming TCP
902 (Default)
vSphere Client access to virtual machine consoles
Incoming and
outgoing TCP,
outgoing UDP
903
Remote console traffic generated by user access to virtual machines on a
specific host.
vSphere Client access to virtual machine consoles
MKS transactions (xinetd/vmware-authd-mks)
Incoming TCP
Required Free Space for System Logging
If you used Auto Deploy to install your ESXi 6.0 host, or if you set up a log directory separate from the
default location in a scratch directory on the VMFS volume, you might need to change your current log size
and rotation settings to ensure that enough space is available for system logging .
All vSphere components use this infrastructure. The default values for log capacity in this infrastructure
vary, depending on the amount of storage available and on how you have configured system logging. Hosts
that are deployed with Auto Deploy store logs on a RAM disk, which means that the amount of space
available for logs is small.
If your host is deployed with Auto Deploy, reconfigure your log storage in one of the following ways:
n
Redirect logs over the network to a remote collector.
n
Redirect logs to a NAS or NFS store.
If you redirect logs to non-default storage, such as a NAS or NFS store, you might also want to reconfigure
log sizing and rotations for hosts that are installed to disk.
You do not need to reconfigure log storage for ESXi hosts that use the default configuration, which stores
logs in a scratch directory on the VMFS volume. For these hosts, ESXi 6.0 configures logs to best suit your
installation, and provides enough space to accommodate log messages.
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Table 2‑16. Recommended Minimum Size and Rotation Configuration for hostd, vpxa, and fdm Logs
Log
Maximum Log File Size
Number of Rotations to
Preserve
Minimum Disk Space Required
Management Agent
(hostd)
10 MB
10
100 MB
VirtualCenter Agent
(vpxa)
5 MB
10
50 MB
vSphere HA agent (Fault
Domain Manager, fdm)
5 MB
10
50 MB
For information about setting up and configuring syslog and a syslog server and installing vSphere Syslog
Collector, see the vSphere Installation and Setup documentation.
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Before Upgrading vCenter Server
3
Ensure that your system is prepared for vCenter Server upgrade by verifying compatibility and completing
any necessary database, networking, or other preparation tasks.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Verify Basic Compatibility Before Upgrading vCenter Server,” on page 47
n
“Preparing vCenter Server Databases,” on page 48
n
“Verify Network Prerequisites Before Upgrading,” on page 56
n
“Verify Load Balancer Before Upgrading vCenter Server,” on page 57
n
“Prepare ESXi Hosts for vCenter Server Upgrade,” on page 58
n
“Verify Preparations Are Complete for Upgrading vCenter Server,” on page 60
n
“Required Information for Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows,” on page 63
n
“Required Information for Upgrading the vCenter Server Appliance,” on page 63
Verify Basic Compatibility Before Upgrading vCenter Server
Verify that all components meet basic compatibility requirements before upgrading vCenter Server.
Upgrading the operating system of a vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 machine from Windows 2003 to Windows
2008 to meet the operating system requirements may result in symptoms similar to knowledge base article
2036170.
Prerequisites
Verify that your system meets the hardware and software requirements. See “vCenter Server for Windows
Requirements,” on page 30 and “vCenter Server Appliance Requirements,” on page 33
If you have solutions or plug-ins, check the VMware Product Interoperability Matrix. See
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php
Procedure
1
The installation path of the previous version of vCenter Server must be compatible with the installation
requirements for Microsoft Active Directory Application Mode (ADAM/AD LDS).
The installation path cannot contain any of the following characters: non-ASCII characters, commas (,),
periods (.), exclamation marks (!), pound signs (#), at signs (@), or percentage signs (%).
If your previous version of vCenter Server does not meet this requirement, you must perform a fresh
installation of vCenter Server.
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2
Verify that the vCenter Server system is not an Active Directory primary or backup domain controller.
3
Update any ESX/ESXi 4.1 hosts to version 5.x.
4
If you have ESX 4.x hosts that you choose not to upgrade, you must remove them from the
vCenter Server inventory.
5
If the vCenter Server 4.x environment that you are upgrading includes Guided Consolidation 4.x,
uninstall Guided Consolidation before upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0.
Preparing vCenter Server Databases
vCenter Server requires a database to store and organize server data. You can either use the bundled
PostgreSQL database that can be installed and configured at deployment time, or you can set up an external
database.
vCenter Server for Windows supports Oracle and Microsoft SQL database, while the
vCenter Server Appliance supports only an Oracle database as an external database.
Although the database is automatically configured by the installer, you can configure an external database
manually or by using a script. In addition, the data source name user must have a specific list of
permissions.
The database passwords are stored in clear text on the Windows virtual machine or physical host on which
you install vCenter Server and in the vCenter Server Appliance. The files containing the passwords are
protected by using the operating system protection, that is, you must be a Windows local administrator or a
Linux root user to access and read these files.
vCenter Server instances cannot share the same database schema. Multiple vCenter Server databases can
reside on the same database server, or they can be separated across multiple database servers. For Oracle
databases, which have the concept of schema objects, you can run multiple vCenter Server instances in a
single database server if you have a different schema owner for each vCenter Server instance. You can also
use a dedicated Oracle database server for each vCenter Server instance.
Prepare Oracle Database Before Upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0
Ensure that your Oracle database meets requirements, that you have the necessary credentials, and that you
complete any necessary cleanup or other preparation before upgrading vCenter Server.
For information on setting database permissions, see “Database Permission Requirements for vCenter
Server,” on page 54
Prerequisites
Verify that you have confirmed basic upgrade interoperability before preparing your Oracle database for
upgrading vCenter Server. See “vCenter Server for Windows Database Requirements,” on page 33 and
“vCenter Server Appliance Database Requirements,” on page 35.
Verify that you have backed up your database. For information about backing up the vCenter Server
database, see the Oracle documentation. For information about backing up the Inventory Service database,
see the vSphere Installation and Setup documentation.
Verify that you have set permissions correctly.
Procedure
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1
Verify that your database meets the upgrade requirements. If necessary, upgrade the database to a
supported version.
2
If your database server is not supported by vCenter Server, perform a database upgrade to a supported
version or import your database into a supported version.
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Chapter 3 Before Upgrading vCenter Server
3
If your existing database is Oracle, and you want to upgrade to a newly supported Oracle database,
such as Oracle 11g, upgrade your Oracle database before upgrading vCenter Server.
You do not need to perform a fresh installation of vCenter Server if your existing database is Oracle.
For example, you can upgrade your existing Oracle 9i database to Oracle 11g or Oracle 12c and upgrade
vCenter Server 5.x to vCenter Server 6.0.
4
Verify that passwords are current and not set to expire soon.
5
Ensure that you have login credentials, the database name, and the database server name that the
vCenter Server database is to use.
Look in the ODBC system for the connection name of the database source name for the vCenter Server
database.
6
Use the Oracle SERVICE_NAME instead of SID to verify that your Oracle database instance is available.
n
Log in to the database server to read from the alert log:
$ORACLE_BASE/diag//rdbms/$instance_name/$INSTANCE_NAME/trace/alert_$ INSTANCE_NAME.log.
n
Log in to the database server to read from the Oracle Listener status output.
n
If you have the SQL*Plus client installed, you can use tnsping for the vCenter Database instance. If
the tnsping command does not work the first time, retry it after waiting a few minutes. If retrying
does not work, restart the vCenter Database instance on the Oracle server and then retry tnsping to
ensure it is available.
7
Verify that the JDBC driver file is included in the CLASSPATH variable.
8
Verify that permissions are set correctly.
9
Either assign the DBA role or grant the required permissions to the user.
10
Locate the cleanup_orphaned_data_Oracle.sql script in the ISO image and copy it to the Oracle server.
11
Log in to a SQL*Plus session with the vCenter Server database account.
12
Run the cleanup script.
@pathcleanup_orphaned_data_Oracle.sql
The cleanup process purges unnecessary and orphaned data that is not used by any vCenter Server
component.
13
Make a full backup of the vCenter Server database and the vCenter Inventory Service database.
Your database is prepared for the vCenter Server upgrade.
What to do next
After the upgrade is complete, you can optionally remove the following permissions from the user profile:
create any sequence and create any table.
By default, the RESOURCE role has the CREATE PROCEDURE, CREATE TABLE, and CREATE
SEQUENCE privileges assigned. If the RESOURCE role lacks these privileges, grant them to the
vCenter Server database user.
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Prepare Microsoft SQL Server Database Before Upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0
Ensure that your Microsoft SQL Server database meets requirements, that you have the necessary
credentials, and that you complete any necessary cleanup or other preparation before upgrading
vCenter Server.
For information on setting database permissions, see “Database Permission Requirements for vCenter
Server,” on page 54 and “Use a Script to Create and Apply a Microsoft SQL Server Database Schema and
Roles,” on page 51
To remove the DBO role and migrate all objects in the DBO schema to a custom schema, see the VMware
knowledge base article at http://kb.vmware.com/kb/1036331.
Microsoft SQL Server Express is no longer supported for vCenter Server 6.0. The vCenter Server 5.x
embedded Microsoft SQL Server Express database is replaced with an embedded PostgreSQL database
during the upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0. To upgrade without migrating to the PostgreSQL database, see
the VMware knowledge base article http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2109321.
To migrate the vCenter Server database from Microsoft SQL Express to Microsoft full SQL Server, see the
VMware knowledge base article at http://kb.vmware.com/kb/1028601.
IMPORTANT You cannot use use Integrate Windows for your authentication method if the vCenter Server
service is running under the Microsoft Windows built-in system account.
Prerequisites
Verify that you have confirmed basic upgrade interoperability before preparing your Microsoft SQL Server
database for upgrading vCenter Server. See “vCenter Server for Windows Database Requirements,” on
page 33 and “vCenter Server Appliance Database Requirements,” on page 35.
Verify that you have backed up your database. For information about backing up the vCenter Server
database, see the Microsoft SQL Server documentation. For information about backing up the Inventory
Service database, see the vSphere Installation and Setup documentation.
Verify that you have set permissions correctly.
Procedure
1
Verify that your database meets the upgrade requirements. If necessary, upgrade the database to a
supported version.
2
If your database server is not supported by vCenter Server, perform a database upgrade to a supported
version or import your database into a supported version.
3
If your existing database is Microsoft SQL Server, and you want to upgrade to a newly supported
Microsoft SQL Server database, such as Microsoft SQL Server 2012, upgrade your Microsoft SQL Server
database before upgrading vCenter Server.
You do not need to install a new vCenter Server instance if your existing database is Microsoft SQL
Server.
For example, you can upgrade a Microsoft SQL Server 2005 database to a Microsoft SQL Server 2008
R2-SP2, 2012, or 2014 database and then upgrade vCenter Server 5.0 or later to vCenter Server 6.0.
When you migrate the database from Microsoft SQL Server 2005 to Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2-SP2
or later, set the compatibility level of the database to 100.
50
4
Verify that permissions are set correctly.
5
Verify that passwords are current and not set to expire soon.
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Chapter 3 Before Upgrading vCenter Server
6
Verify that JDK 1.6 is installed on the vCenter Server machine.
The JDK 1.6 installation might require Internet connectivity.
7
Verify that the sqljdbc4.jar file is added to the CLASSPATH variable on the machine where
vCenter Server is to be upgraded.
If the sqljdbc4.jar file is not installed on your system, the vCenter Server installer installs it.
8
Verify that your system database source name is using the Microsoft SQL Server Native Client 10 or 11
driver.
9
If you choose to remove the DBO role and migrate all objects in the DBO schema to a custom schema,
you must grant the required permissions.
a
Grant the required permissions to the vCenter Server user in the vCenter Server database.
b
Grant the required permissions to the user in the MSDB database.
10
Locate the cleanup_orphaned_data_MSSQL.sql script in the ISO image and copy it to the Microsoft SQL
server.
11
Log in to your database.
12
a
For Microsoft SQL Server Express, open a command prompt.
b
For Microsoft SQL Server, log in to a Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio session as the
vCenter Server database user.
For Microsoft SQL Server Express, run the cleanup script.
sqlcmd -E -S localhost\VIM_SQLEXP -d VIM_VCDB -i pathcleanup_orphaned_data_MSSQL.sql
13
For Microsoft SQL Server, run the cleanup_orphaned_data_MSSQL.sql contents.
Make sure that you are connected to the database used by vCenter Server.
The cleanup script cleans any unnecessary data in your vCenter Server database.
14
Make a full backup of the vCenter Server database and the vCenter Inventory Service database.
Your database is prepared for the vCenter Server upgrade.
Use a Script to Create and Apply a Microsoft SQL Server Database Schema and
Roles
In this method of configuring the SQL database, you create the custom schema VMW, instead of using the
existing dbo schema. You must also enable Database Monitoring for a user before you install vCenter Server
with an embedded or external Platform Services Controller.
This method requires that you create new database roles and grant them to the database user.
Prerequisites
To make sure you have the proper roles and permissions before upgrading vCenter Server, update the SQL
Server database and users for vCenter Server.
Procedure
1
VMware, Inc.
Log in to a Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio session as the sysadmin or a user account with
sysadmin privileges.
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vSphere Upgrade
2
Run the following script to create roles and apply privileges.
The script is located in the vCenter Server installation package at /installation directory/vCenter-
Server/dbschema/DB_and_schema_creation_scripts_MSSQL.txt .
CREATE SCHEMA [VMW]
go
ALTER USER [vpxuser] WITH DEFAULT_SCHEMA =[VMW]
if not exists (SELECT name FROM sysusers WHERE issqlrole=1 AND name = 'VC_ADMIN_ROLE')
CREATE ROLE VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
GRANT ALTER ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] to VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
GRANT REFERENCES ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] to VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
GRANT INSERT ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] to VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
GRANT CREATE TABLE to VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
GRANT CREATE VIEW to VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
GRANT CREATE Procedure to VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
if not exists (SELECT name FROM sysusers WHERE issqlrole=1 AND name = 'VC_USER_ROLE')
CREATE ROLE VC_USER_ROLE
go
GRANT SELECT ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] to VC_USER_ROLE
go
GRANT INSERT ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] to VC_USER_ROLE
go
GRANT DELETE ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] to VC_USER_ROLE
go
GRANT UPDATE ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] to VC_USER_ROLE
go
GRANT EXECUTE ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] to VC_USER_ROLE
go
sp_addrolemember VC_USER_ROLE , [vpxuser]
go
sp_addrolemember VC_ADMIN_ROLE , [vpxuser]
go
use MSDB
go
if not exists (SELECT name FROM sysusers WHERE issqlrole=1 AND name = 'VC_ADMIN_ROLE')
CREATE ROLE VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
go
GRANT SELECT on msdb.dbo.syscategories to VC_ADMIN_ROLE
go
GRANT
go
GRANT
go
GRANT
go
GRANT
go
GRANT
go
GRANT
go
GRANT
52
SELECT on msdb.dbo.sysjobsteps to VC_ADMIN_ROLE
SELECT ON msdb.dbo.sysjobs to VC_ADMIN_ROLE
SELECT ON msdb.dbo.sysjobs_view to VC_ADMIN_ROLE
EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_add_job TO VC_ADMIN_ROLE
EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_delete_job TO VC_ADMIN_ROLE
EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobstep TO VC_ADMIN_ROLE
EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_update_job TO VC_ADMIN_ROLE
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Chapter 3 Before Upgrading vCenter Server
go
GRANT EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobserver TO VC_ADMIN_ROLE
go
GRANT EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobschedule TO VC_ADMIN_ROLE
go
GRANT EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_add_category TO VC_ADMIN_ROLE
go
GRANT EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_lock TO VC_ADMIN_ROLE
go
sp_addrolemember VC_ADMIN_ROLE , [vpxuser]
go
use master
go
grant VIEW SERVER STATE to [vpxuser]
go
GRANT VIEW ANY DEFINITION TO [vpxuser]
go
Prepare PostgreSQL Database Before Upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0
Ensure that your PostgreSQL database meets requirements, that you have the necessary credentials, and
that you complete any necessary cleanup or other preparation before upgrading vCenter Server.
For information about backing up the vCenter Server database, see the PostgreSQL documentation.
For information about backing up the Inventory Service database, see the vSphere Installation and Setup
documentation.
Prerequisites
Verify that you have confirmed basic upgrade interoperability before preparing your PostgreSQL database
for upgrading vCenter Server.
Procedure
1
Verify that passwords are current and not set to expire soon.
2
Locate the cleanup_orphaned_data_PostgresSQL.sql script in the ISO image and copy it to your
PostgreSQL server.
3
Log in to vCenter Server Appliance as root user.
4
Run the cleanup script.
/opt/vmware/vpostgres/1.0/bin/psql -U postgres -d VCDB -f pathcleanup_orphaned_data_Postgres.sql
The cleanup script cleans and purges any unnecessary or orphaned data in your vCenter Server
database that is not used by any vCenter Server component.
5
Make a full backup of the vCenter Server database and the vCenter Inventory Service database.
Your database is prepared for the vCenter Server upgrade.
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Database Permission Requirements for vCenter Server
vCenter Server requires a database. If you decide to use an external Oracle or Microsoft SQL Server
database, when you create the database, you must grant certain permissions to the database user.
Table 3‑1. Microsoft SQL Database Permissions for vCenter Server
Permission
Description
GRANT ALTER ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] TO
VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
Mandatory when you work with SQL Server custom
schema.
GRANT REFERENCES ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] TO
VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
Mandatory when you work with SQL Server custom
schema.
GRANT INSERT ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] TO
VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
Mandatory when you work with SQL Server custom
schema.
GRANT CREATE TABLE TO VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
Necessary for creating a table.
GRANT CREATE VIEW TO VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
Necessary for creating a view.
GRANT CREATE PROCEDURE TO VC_ADMIN_ROLE;
Necessary for creating a stored procedure.
GRANT SELECT ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] TO
VC_USER_ROLE
Permissions that let you run SELECT, INSERT, DELETE,
UPDATE operations on tables which are part of the VMW
schema.
GRANT INSERT ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] TO
VC_USER_ROLE
GRANT DELETE ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] TO
VC_USER_ROLE
GRANT UPDATE ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] TO
VC_USER_ROLE
GRANT EXECUTE ON SCHEMA :: [VMW] TO
VC_USER_ROLE
Necessary for running a stored procedure in the db
schema.
GRANT SELECT ON msdb.dbo.syscategories TO
VC_ADMIN_ROLE
Necessary for deploying SQL Server jobs.
These permissions are mandatory only during installation
and upgrade and not required after deployment.
GRANT SELECT ON msdb.dbo.sysjobsteps
TOVC_ADMIN_ROLE
GRANT SELECT ON msdb.dbo.sysjobs TO
VC_ADMIN_ROLE
GRANT EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_add_job TO
VC_ADMIN_ROLE
GRANT EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_delete_job TO
VC_ADMIN_ROLE
GRANT EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobstep TO
VC_ADMIN_ROLE
GRANT EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_update_job TO
VC_ADMIN_ROLE
GRANT EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobserver TO
VC_ADMIN_ROLE
GRANT EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_add_jobschedule
TO VC_ADMIN_ROLE
GRANT EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_add_category TO
VC_ADMIN_ROLE
GRANT EXECUTE ON msdb.dbo.sp_lock TO
VC_ADMIN_ROLE
54
Necessary during installation or upgrade. Verifies that the
provided database is not used by another connection.
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Chapter 3 Before Upgrading vCenter Server
Table 3‑1. Microsoft SQL Database Permissions for vCenter Server (Continued)
Permission
Description
GRANT VIEW SERVER STATE TO [vpxuser]
Provides access to SQL Server DMV views.
GRANT VIEW ANY DEFINITION TO [vpxuser]
Necessary for providing the user with the privileges to see
metadata for SQL Server objects.
Table 3‑2. Oracle Database Permissions for vCenter Server
Permission
Description
GRANT CONNECT TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary for connecting to the Oracle database.
GRANT RESOURCE TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary for creating a trigger, sequence, type, procedure,
and so on.
By default, the RESOURCE role has the CREATE
PROCEDURE, CREATE TABLE, and CREATE SEQUENCE
privileges assigned. If the RESOURCE role lacks these
privileges, grant them to the vCenter Server database user.
GRANT CREATE VIEW TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary for creating a view.
GRANT CREATE SEQUENCE TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary for creating a sequence.
GRANT CREATE TABLE TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary for creating a table.
GRANT CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW TO
VPXADMIN;
Necessary for creating a materialized view.
GRANT EXECUTE ON dbms_lock TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary for guaranteeing that the vCenter Server
database is used by a single vCenter Server instance.
GRANT EXECUTE ON dbms_job TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary during installation or upgrade for scheduling
and managing the SQL jobs.
This permission is not required after deployment.
GRANT SELECT ON dba_lock TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary for determining existing locks on the
vCenter Server database.
GRANT SELECT ON dba_tablespaces TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary during upgrade for determining the required
disk space.
This permission is not required after deployment.
GRANT SELECT ON dba_temp_files TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary during upgrade for determining the required
disk space.
This permission is not required after deployment.
GRANT SELECT ON dba_data_files TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary for monitoring the free space while
vCenter Server is working.
GRANT SELECT ON v_$session TO VPXADMIN;
View used to determine existing locks on the
vCenter Server database.
GRANT UNLIMITED TABLESPACE TO VPXADMIN;;
Necessary for granting unlimited tablespace permissions to
the vCenter Server database user.
GRANT SELECT ON v_$system_event TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary for checking log file switches.
GRANT SELECT ON v_$sysmetric_history TO
VPXADMIN;
Necessary for checking the CPU utilization.
GRANT SELECT ON v_$sysstat TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary for determining the Buffer Cache Hit Ratio.
GRANT SELECT ON dba_data_files TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary for determining the tablespace utilization.
GRANT SELECT ON v_$loghist TO VPXADMIN;
Necessary for checking the checkpoint frequency.
The privileges on the master database are used to monitor the vCenter Server database. so that, for example,
if a certain threshold is reached, you can see an alert.
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Verify That vCenter Server Can Communicate with the Local Database
If your database is located on the same machine on which vCenter Server is to be installed, and you have
changed the name of this machine, verify the configuration. Make sure that the vCenter Server DSN is
configured to communicate with the new name of the machine.
Changing the vCenter Server computer name impacts database communication if the database server is on
the same computer with vCenter Server. If you changed the machine name, you can verify that
communication remains intact.
If your database is remote, you can skip this procedure. The name change has no effect on communication
with remote databases.
After you rename the server, verify with your database administrator or the database vendor that all
components of the database are working.
Prerequisites
n
Make sure that the database server is running.
n
Make sure that the vCenter Server computer name is updated in the domain name service (DNS).
Procedure
1
Update the data source information, as needed.
2
Ping the computer name to test this connection.
For example, if the computer name is host-1.company.com, run the following command at the Windows
command prompt:
ping host-1.company.com
If you can ping the computer name, the name is updated in DNS.
vCenter Server communication is confirmed. You can continue to prepare other components of your
environment.
Verify Network Prerequisites Before Upgrading
Verify that your network is set up correctly and meets connectivity prerequisites for upgrading
vCenter Server.
For information on creating a PTR record, see the documentation for your vCenter Server host operating
system.
For information about configuring Active Directory, see the Microsoft Web site.
Domain users that are part of a Windows Administrators group with vCenter Server Administrator
permission cannot be used to authenticate vCenter Server during upgrade and do not have vCenter Server
permission after upgrade.
Procedure
1
Verify that the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the system where you will upgrade
vCenter Server is resolvable. To verify that the FQDN is resolvable, type
nslookup -nosearch -nodefname your_vCenter_Server_fqdn at a command-line prompt.
If the FQDN is resolvable, the nslookup command returns the IP and name of the domain controller
machine.
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2
Verify that DNS reverse lookup returns a fully qualified domain name when queried with the IP
address of the vCenter Server.
When you upgrade vCenter Server, the installation of the web server component that supports the
vSphere Web Client fails if the installer cannot look up the fully qualified domain name of the
vCenter Server from its IP address.
Reverse lookup is implemented by using PTR records.
3
If you use DHCP instead of a manually assigned (static) IP address for vCenter Server, make sure that
the vCenter Server computer name is updated in the domain name service (DNS). Test the update by
pinging the computer name.
For example, if the computer name is host-1.company.com, run the following command at the Windows
command prompt:
ping host-1.company.com
If you can ping the computer name, the name is updated in DNS.
4
Ensure that the ESXi host management interface has a valid DNS resolution from the vCenter Server
and all instances of vSphere Web Client. Ensure that the vCenter Server has a valid DNS resolution
from all ESXi hosts and all instances of vSphere Web Client.
5
If you intend to use Active Directory as an identity source, verify that it is set up correctly. The DNS of
the vCenter Single Sign-On Server host machine must contain both lookup and reverse lookup entries
for the domain controller of the Active Directory.
For example, pinging mycompany.com should return the domain controller IP address for mycompany.
Similarly, the ping -a command for that IP address should return the domain controller host name.
Avoid trying to correct name resolution issues by editing the hosts file. Instead, make sure that the DNS
server is correctly set up.
6
Before the upgrade, select the domain user to use for upgrading vCenter Server. Give that domain user
exclusive administrator permission for vCenter Server, not as part of a Windows Administrators group.
Your network is ready for vCenter Server upgrade.
What to do next
Prepare other components of your environment.
Verify Load Balancer Before Upgrading vCenter Server
If you are using a load balancer for high availability for vCenter Single Sign-On, you must verify that it is
supported and configured correctly before upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0.
In environments with less than eight vCenter Server systems, VMware typically recommends a single
Platform Services Controller instance and the associated vCenter Single Sign-On service. In larger
environments, consider using multiple Platform Services Controller instances, protected by a network load
balancer. The white paper vCenter Server 6.0 Deployment Guide on the VMware website discusses this setup.
Prerequisites
Procedure
1
Review the vCenter Server 6.0 Deployment Guide documentation for load balancing information.
2
If your load balancer is not supported, replace it with a supported load balancer.
3
Verify that the load balancer is correctly configured based on recommendations in vCenter Server 6.0
Deployment Guide.
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Prepare ESXi Hosts for vCenter Server Upgrade
Before upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0, you must prepare your ESXi hosts.
Prerequisites
n
To upgrade vCenter Server, your ESXi hosts must be at version 5.x. If your ESXi hosts are at an earlier
version than 5.0, upgrade them to 5.x. Read and follow all best practices when upgrading your hosts to
ESXi 5.x.
n
For vCenter Server Appliance upgrade to version 6.0, your target host must be running ESXi 5.1 or
later.
n
For vCenter Server Appliance upgrade to version 6.0, the source and target ESXi hosts must not be in
lockdown or maintenance mode.
Procedure
1
To keep your current SSL certificates, back up the SSL certificates that are on the vCenter Server system
before you upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0.
The default location of the SSL certificates is %allusersprofile%\Application Data\VMware\VMware
VirtualCenter.
2
If you have Custom or Thumbprint certificates, see “Host Upgrades and Certificates,” on page 59 to
determine your preparatory steps.
3
Run vCenter Host Agent Pre-Upgrade Checker.
4
If you have vSphere HA clusters, SSL certificate checking must be enabled.
If certificate checking is not enabled when you upgrade, vSphere HA fails to configure on the hosts.
a
Select the vCenter Server instance in the inventory panel.
b
Select the Manage tab and the General subtab.
c
Verify that the SSL settings field is set to vCenter Server requires verified host SSL certificates.
Your ESXi hosts are ready for vCenter Server upgrade.
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Chapter 3 Before Upgrading vCenter Server
Host Upgrades and Certificates
If you upgrade an ESXi host to ESXi 6.0 or later, the upgrade process replaces self-signed certificates with
VMCA-signed certificates. The process retains custom certificates even if those certificates are expired or
invalid.
The recommended upgrade workflow depends on the current certificates.
Host Provisioned with
Thumbprint Certificates
If your host is currently using thumbprint certificates, it is automatically
assigned VMCA certificates as part of the upgrade process.
NOTE You cannot provision legacy hosts with VMCA certificates. You must
upgrade to ESXi 6.0 or later.
Host Provisioned with
Custom Certificates
If your host is provisioned with custom certificates, usually third-party CAsigned certificates, those certificates remain in place. Change the certificate
mode to Custom to ensure that the certificates are not replaced accidentally.
NOTE If your environment is in VMCA mode, and you refresh the
certificates from the vSphere Web Client, any existing certificates are
replaced with certificates that are signed by VMCA.
Going forward, vCenter Server monitors the certificates and displays
information, for example, about certificate expiration, in the
vSphere Web Client.
If you decide not to upgrade your hosts to vSphere 6.0 or later, the hosts retain the certificates that they are
currently using even if the host is managed by a vCenter Server system that uses VMCA certificates.
Hosts that are being provisioned by Auto Deploy are always assigned new certificates when they are first
booted with ESXi 6.0 software. When you upgrade a host that is provisioned by Auto Deploy, the Auto
Deploy server generates a certificate signing request (CSR) for the host and submits it to VMCA. VMCA
stores the signed certificate for the host. When the Auto Deploy server provisions the host, it retrieves the
certificate from VMCA and includes it as part of the provisioning process.
You can use Auto Deploy with custom certificates.
Change the Certificate Mode
In most cases, using VMCA to provision the ESXi hosts in your environment is the best solution. If corporate
policy requires that you use custom certificates with a different root CA, you can edit the vCenter Server
advanced options so that the hosts are not automatically provisioned with VMCA certificates when you
refresh certificates. You are then responsible for the certificate management in your environment.
You can use the vCenter Server advanced settings to change to thumbprint mode or to custom CA mode.
Use thumbprint mode only as a fallback option.
Procedure
1
Select the vCenter Server that manages the hosts and click Settings.
2
Click Advanced Settings, and click Edit.
3
In the Filter box, enter certmgmt to display only certificate management keys.
4
Change the value of vpxd.certmgmt.mode to custom if you intend to manage your own certificates, and
to thumbprint if you temporarily want to use thumbprint mode, and click OK.
5
Restart the vCenter Server service.
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Verify Preparations Are Complete for Upgrading vCenter Server
Verify that all components of your environment are ready to upgrade vCenter Server.
Your pre-upgrade configuration of vCenter Server services impacts your post-upgrade deployment of
vCenter Server services.
n
If you have vCenter Server 5.0, you can choose to configure either an embedded or an external
Platform Services Controller instance during the upgrade. See “Upgrade vCenter Server 5.0,” on
page 82.
n
If you have vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5, you do not have a choice of deployment options during upgrade.
See “Upgrade vCenter Server 5.1 for Windows,” on page 84 or “Upgrade vCenter Server 5.5 for
Windows,” on page 86.
n
If your vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 services are deployed on the same virtual machine or physical server,
the installer upgrades them to vCenter Server 6.0 with an embedded Platform Services Controller
instance.
n
If your vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 or 5.5 service is deployed on a different virtual machine or physical
server than vCenter Server, the installer upgrades the deployment to vCenter Server 6.0 with an
embedded Platform Services Controller instance. For information on the consolidation of distributed
services during the upgrade, see “Migration of Distributed vCenter Server for Windows Services
During Upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0,” on page 71 and “vCenter Server Example Upgrade Paths,” on
page 24.
NOTE You cannot change deployment of vCenter Server services after the upgrade.
For information about upgrading services, see “About the vCenter Server for Windows 6.0 Upgrade
Process,” on page 68. For information about upgrading an externally deployed vCenter Single Sign-On
server, see “Upgrade vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 for External Deployment,” on page 80.
For information on synchronizing clocks, see “Synchronizing Clocks on the vSphere Network,” on
page 61.
To download the installer, see “Download the vCenter Server for Windows Installer,” on page 77
Prerequisites
After you have verified basic compatibility and upgrade readiness for your database, network, local
database communication, and ESXi hosts, you are ready to perform the final tasks to assure upgrade
readiness of your environment.
Procedure
60
1
Log in as a member of the Administrators group on the host machine, with a user name that does not
contain non-ASCII characters.
2
Make sure that your pre-upgrade configuration is correct for the post-upgrade deployment you want to
achieve.
n
For vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5, to upgrade to an embedded Platform Services Controller deployment,
make sure that your vCenter Server and vCenter Single Sign-On instances are deployed on a single
virtual machine or physical host.
n
For vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5, to upgrade to an external Platform Services Controller deployment,
make sure that your vCenter Single Sign-On is deployed on a separate virtual machine or physical
host from its associated vCenter Server.
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Chapter 3 Before Upgrading vCenter Server
3
n
For vCenter Server 5.0, to upgrade to an embedded Platform Services Controller deployment, no
pre-upgrade steps are required.
n
For vCenter Server 5.0, to upgrade to an external Platform Services Controller deployment, you
must configure an external Platform Services Controller instance before upgrading vCenter Server.
The Platform Services Controller information is used during the upgrade to register the external
Platform Services Controller with vCenter Server.
Verify that the required services have started.
n
The vCenter Single Sign-On instance to which you are registering vCenter Server
n
VMware Certificate Authority
n
VMware Directory Service
n
VMware Identity Manager Service
n
VMware KDC Service
n
tcruntime-C-ProgramData-VMware-cis-runtime-VMwareSTSService
4
Before you install or upgrade a vSphere product, synchronize the clocks of all machines on the vSphere
network.
5
If you do not intend to use evaluation mode, make sure that you have valid license keys for all
purchased functionality. License keys from vSphere versions before version 6.0 are not supported in
vCenter Server 6.0.
If you do not have the license key, you can install in evaluation mode and use the vSphere Web Client
to enter the license key later.
6
Close all instances of the vSphere Web Client.
7
Make sure that no processes conflict.
8
Download the installer.
Your environment is ready for the upgrade of your vCenter Server.
Synchronizing Clocks on the vSphere Network
Make sure that all components on the vSphere network have their clocks synchronized. If the clocks on the
machines in your vSphere network are not synchronized, SSL certificates, which are time-sensitive, might
not be recognized as valid in communications between network machines.
Unsynchronized clocks can result in authentication problems, which can cause the installation to fail or
prevent the vCenter Server Appliance vpxd service from starting.
Make sure any Windows host machine on which a vCenter component runs is synchronized with the NTP
server. See the Knowledge Base article Timekeeping best practices for Windows, including NTP.
Synchronize ESXi Clocks with a Network Time Server
Before you install vCenter Server or deploy the vCenter Server Appliance, make sure all machines on your
vSphere network have their clocks synchronized.
Procedure
1
In the vSphere Web Client, navigate to the vCenter Server instance.
2
Select the host in the vSphere inventory.
3
Click the Manage tab, and click Settings.
4
In the System section, select Time Configuration.
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5
6
Click Edit and set up the NTP server.
a
Select Use Network Time Protocol (Enable NTP client).
b
Set the NTP Service Startup Policy.
c
Enter the IP addresses of the NTP servers to synchronize with.
d
Click Start or Restart in the NTP Service Status section.
Click OK.
The host synchronizes with the NTP server.
Downtime During the vCenter Server Upgrade
When you upgrade vCenter Server, downtime is required for vCenter Server.
Expect downtime for vCenter Server as follows:
n
The upgrade requires vCenter Server to be out of production for a minimum of 40 to 50 minutes, and
can take much longer depending on the size of the database. The database schema upgrade takes
approximately 10 to 15 minutes of this time. This estimate does not include host reconnection time after
the upgrade.
n
For vCenter Server deployments with an embedded database, the upgrade can require extra time to
migrate the data from the legacy vCenter Server database to the new database instance.
n
If Microsoft .NET Framework is not installed on the machine, a restart is required before starting the
vCenter Server installation.
n
vSphere Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) does not work while the upgrade is in progress.
vSphere HA does work during the upgrade.
Downtime is not required for the ESXi hosts that vCenter Server is managing, or for virtual machines that
are running on the hosts.
Using a User Account for Running vCenter Server
You can use the Microsoft Windows built-in system account or a user account to run vCenter Server. With a
user account, you can enable Windows authentication for SQL Server, and it provides more security.
The user account must be an administrator on the local machine. In the installation wizard, you specify the
account name as DomainName\Username. You must configure the SQL Server database to allow the domain
account access to SQL Server.
The Microsoft Windows built-in system account has more permissions and rights on the server than the
vCenter Server system needs, which can contribute to security problems.
IMPORTANT If the vCenter Server service is running under the Microsoft Windows built-in system account,
when using Microsoft SQL Server, vCenter Server 6.0 supports only DSNs with SQL Server authentication.
For SQL Server DSNs configured with Windows authentication, use the same user account for the VMware
VirtualCenter Management Webservices service and the DSN user.
If you do not plan to use Microsoft Windows authentication for SQL Server or you are using an Oracle
database, you might still want to set up a local user account for the vCenter Server system. The only
requirement is that the user account is an administrator on the local machine and the account must be
granted the Log on as a service privilege.
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Chapter 3 Before Upgrading vCenter Server
Required Information for Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows
The vCenter Server upgrade wizard prompts you for the upgrade information. It is a best practice to keep a
record of the values that you entered in case you must reinstall the product.
You can use this worksheet to record the information that you need for upgrading vCenter Server for
Windows version.
Table 3‑3. Information Required for Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows.
Required Information
Default Value
Your Entry
vCenter Single Sign-On administrator user name.
vCenter Single Sign-On administrator password.
vCenter Server user name
vCenter Server password
Syslog Service Port
Syslog Service TLS Port
Auto Deploy Management Port
Auto Deploy Service Port
ESXi Dump Collector Port
Ports 88, 389, 636, 2012, 2014, 2020, 7080, 11711, and 11712
must be available.
Directory to install vCenter Server
Directory to store data for vCenter Server
Directory to which to export your 5.x data
Required Information for Upgrading the vCenter Server Appliance
The vCenter Server Appliance upgrade wizard prompts you for the deployment information. It is a best
practice to keep a record of the values that you entered in case you must reinstall the product.
IMPORTANT Upgrades from vCenter Server Appliance 5.1 Update 3 and later to vCenter Server Appliance
6.0 are supported. To upgrade vCenter Server Appliance 5.0, you must first upgrade the
vCenter Server Appliance to version 5.1 Update 3 or 5.5 Update 2 and then upgrade it to
vCenter Server Appliance 6.0. For information about upgrading vCenter Server Appliance 5.0 to version 5.1
Update 3, see theVMware vSphere 5.1 Documentation. For information about upgrading
vCenter Server Appliance 5.0 to version 5.5 Update 2, see the VMware vSphere 5.5 Documentation.
You can use this worksheet to record the information that you need for upgrading a
vCenter Server Appliance version 5.1 Update 3 or 5.5.x.
Table 3‑4. Information Required for Upgrading vCenter Server Appliance 5.1.x or 5.5..x
Required Information
Default Value
Your Entry
IP address or FQDN of the target ESXi host on which you
upgrade the vCenter Server Appliance
Credentials of a user
who has administrative
rights on the target ESXi
host
Target ESXi host user name
Target ESXi host password
vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 name
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Table 3‑4. Information Required for Upgrading vCenter Server Appliance 5.1.x or 5.5..x (Continued)
Required Information
Default Value
Your Entry
Version of the vCenter Server Appliance to upgrade to
vCenter Server Appliance 6.0
Data for the
vCenter Server
Appliance to upgrade
vCenter Server Appliance IP
address or FQDN
vCenter Single Sign-On
administrator user name
If you upgrade from
vCenter Server
Appliance 5.5.x this
is
administrator@vsphe
re.local
Password of the vCenter Single
Sign-On administrator
vCenter Server HTTPS port
number
Password of the root user
Temporary upgrade files path
/tmp/vmware/cisexport-folder
Migrate performance & other
historical data
Disabled by default
IP address or FQDN of the source ESXi host on which the
vCenter Server Appliance that you want to upgrade
resides
Credentials of a user
who has administrative
rights on the source ESXi
host
vCenter Single Sign-On
settings
Only if you upgrade
from
vCenter Server
Appliance version 5.1.x
Source ESXi host user name
Source ESXi host password
vCenter Single Sign-On
password
vCenter Single Sign-On
domain name
vCenter Single Sign-On site
name
vCenter Server Appliance size.
The options vary depending on the size of your vSphere
environment.
n Tiny (up to 20 hosts, 400 virtual machines)
n Small (up to 150 hosts, 3,000 virtual machines)
n Medium (up to 300 hosts, 6,000 virtual machines)
n Large (up to 1,000 hosts, 10,000 virtual machines)
Tiny (up to 20 hosts,
400 virtual
machines)
Name of the datastore on which the new version of the
vCenter Server Appliance is deployed
Enable or disable thin disk mode.
Disabled by default
Temporary network for communication between the
vCenter Server Appliance to upgrade and the new
vCenter Server Appliance
IP address version
IPv4
IP address allocation method
DHCP
Static assignment
settings
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Network address
Subnet mask
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Chapter 3 Before Upgrading vCenter Server
Table 3‑4. Information Required for Upgrading vCenter Server Appliance 5.1.x or 5.5..x (Continued)
Required Information
Default Value
Your Entry
Network gateway
Network DNS servers,
separated with commas
Enable or disable SSH
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Disabled by default
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Upgrading vCenter Server for
Windows
4
The vCenter Server upgrade includes a database schema upgrade, migration of vCenter Single Sign-On to
Platform Services Controller, and upgrade of the vCenter Server software.
vCenter Server for Windows upgrade options depend upon your existing deployment.
n
For vCenter Server for Windows 5.0, you can choose to configure either an embedded or an external
Platform Services Controller during the upgrade.
n
For a vCenter Server for Windows 5.1 or 5.5 configuration with services deployed on a single virtual
machine or physical server, you can upgrade to vCenter Server with an embedded
Platform Services Controller.
n
For a vCenter Server for Windows 5.1 or 5.5 configuration with vCenter Single Sign-On deployed on a
different virtual machine or physical server than vCenter Server, you must start by upgrading the
vCenter Single Sign-On instance to an external Platform Services Controller deployment.
n
If you have multiple instances of vCenter Server, concurrent upgrades are not supported and upgrade
order matters. See “Mixed-Version Transitional Environments in vCenter Server for Windows
Upgrades,” on page 73.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“About the vCenter Server for Windows 6.0 Upgrade Process,” on page 68
n
“Migration of Distributed vCenter Server for Windows Services During Upgrade to vCenter Server
6.0,” on page 71
n
“Mixed-Version Transitional Environments in vCenter Server for Windows Upgrades,” on page 73
n
“Download the vCenter Server for Windows Installer,” on page 77
n
“Upgrade vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 for External Deployment,” on page 78
n
“Upgrade vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 for External Deployment,” on page 80
n
“Upgrade vCenter Server 5.0,” on page 82
n
“Upgrade vCenter Server 5.1 for Windows,” on page 84
n
“Upgrade vCenter Server 5.5 for Windows,” on page 86
n
“Update the Java Components and vCenter Server tc Server with VIMPatch,” on page 88
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vSphere Upgrade
About the vCenter Server for Windows 6.0 Upgrade Process
Upgrade options for vCenter Server on Windows depend on your existing deployment and version.
The vCenter Server for Windows upgrade process includes:
1
Export of the vCenter Server 5.x configuration
2
Uninstallation of the vCenter Server 5.x configuration
3
Installation of vCenter Server 6.0
4
Migration and configuration of vCenter Server 5.x services and data to the vCenter Server 6.0
deployment
Upgrade outcomes depend on your current configuration:
68
n
If you are upgrading from vCenter Server for Windows 5.0, you can configure either an embedded or
an external Platform Services Controller instance during the upgrade.
n
If you are upgrading from a vCenter Server for Windows 5.1 or 5.5 configuration with services
deployed on a single virtual machine (VM) or physical server, the software upgrades the configuration
to vCenter Server with an embedded Platform Services Controller instance.
n
If you are upgrading from a vCenter Server for Windows 5.1 or 5.5 configuration with
vCenter Single Sign-On deployed on a different VM or physical server than vCenter Server, the
software upgrades both to vCenter Server with an external Platform Services Controller instance.
n
If you have multiple instances of vCenter Server, concurrent upgrades are not supported and upgrade
order matters. See “Mixed-Version Transitional Environments in vCenter Server for Windows
Upgrades,” on page 73
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Chapter 4 Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows
Figure 4‑1. vCenter Server 5.0 for Windows Upgrade Workflow
Begin vCenter 5.0
for Windows Upgrade
Verify requirements
Perform pre-upgrade
tasks
Embedded
Upgrade
vCenter Server
Choose
deployment
type
External
Install Platform
Services Controller
Perform optional
post-upgrade
tasks
vCenter Server
upgrade is complete
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Figure 4‑2. vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 for Windows Upgrade Workflow
Begin vCenter 5.1 or 5.5
for Windows Upgrade
Verify requirements
Perform pre-upgrade
tasks
No
Upgrade
vCenter Server
Is vCenter
Single Sign-On
on a separate
machine from
vCenter
Server?
Yes
Upgrade vCenter
Single Sign-On for
external deployment
Perform optional
post-upgrade
tasks
vCenter Server
upgrade is complete
You cannot uninstall or reinstall individual services during the upgrade process. For example, Inventory
Service can no longer be deployed separately. It is part of the vCenter Server group of services for
vCenter Server 6.0.
NOTE You cannot change the vCenter Server deployment model after upgrading to vCenter Server 6.0. For
example, you cannot change from vCenter Server with an embedded Platform Services Controller instance
to vCenter Server with an external Platform Services Controller instance or the reverse.
70
n
For vCenter Server for Windows requirements, see “vCenter Server for Windows Requirements,” on
page 30.
n
For vCenter Server for Windows upgrade preparation, see Chapter 3, “Before Upgrading vCenter
Server,” on page 47.
n
For vCenter Server for Windows upgrade procedures, see Chapter 4, “Upgrading vCenter Server for
Windows,” on page 67.
n
For vCenter Server for Windows post-upgrade procedures, see Chapter 6, “After Upgrading vCenter
Server,” on page 101.
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Chapter 4 Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows
Migration of Distributed vCenter Server for Windows Services During
Upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0
Custom installations of vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5 for Windows that have services located across multiple
machines are upgraded and migrated (if required) to the vCenter Server system during the upgrade process.
If all vCenter Server 5.x services are deployed in the same system, they are upgraded in place without any
need for configuration after upgrade. However, if you have one or more services deployed remotely, the
software migrates your service or services to the vCenter Server virtual machine or physical server during
upgrade. Some services require reconfiguration or other actions after upgrade. vCenter Server 5.x for
Windows services that are migrated to become part of the vCenter Server group of services during the
upgrade process include:
n
Inventory Services
n
vSphere Web Client
n
vSphere Auto Deploy
n
vSphere Syslog Collector
n
vSphere ESXi Dump Collector
vCenter Server and vCenter Single Sign-On are the only services that are not migrated.
vCenter Single Sign-On instances are upgraded in place to become part of an external
Platform Services Controller if they are deployed on a system other than the system where the
vCenter Server resides.
Figure 4‑3. Component Services Migrated to vCenter Server Group of Services
vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5
vCenter Server 6.0
vCenter Inventory
Service
vSphere Web
Client
vSphere ESXi
Dump Collector
vSphere Syslog
Collector
vSphere Auto
Deploy
vCenter Server
vCenter Server
• vCenter Inventory
Services
• vSphere Web Client
• vSphere Auto Deploy
• vSphere ESXi Dump
Collector
• vSphere Syslog
Collector
• vCenter Server
Platform Services
Controller
vCenter Single
Sign-On
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• vCenter Single Sign-On
• vSphere License
Service
• VMware Certificate
Authority
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Table 4‑1. vCenter Server 5.x Distributed Service Migration During Upgrade
Service Name
Service Location
Before Upgrade
Service Location
After Upgrade
vCenter Inventory
Service
Not installed on the
vCenter Server system
Installed on the
vCenter Server system
vCenter Inventory Service 5.x data is
copied to the Inventory Service 6.0
instance that is installed with
vCenter Server 6.0. You do not need to
copy it manually.
vCenter Inventory Service 5.x is still
running but no longer used. It must be
manually stopped and removed.
vSphere Web Client
Not installed on the
vCenter Server system
Installed on the
vCenter Server system
vCenter Server 5.x data is copied to the
vSphere Web Client 6.0 instance that is
installed with vCenter Server 6.0.
vSphere Web Client 5.x is still running
but no longer used. It must be manually
stopped and removed.
vSphere Auto Deploy
Not installed on the
vCenter Server system
Migrated to
vCenter Server system
vSphere Auto Deploy data is copied to
the Auto Deploy 6.0 instance that is
installed with vCenter Server 6.0.
Repoint vCenter Server DHCP settings to
the migrated vSphere Auto Deploy
service.
vCenter Server
vSphere Auto Deploy 5.x is still running
but no longer used. It must be manually
stopped and removed.
vSphere Syslog
Collector
Not installed on the
vCenter Server system
Installed on the
vCenter Server system
Data is not migrated.
Configurations for
ports, protocols, and
rotation log size are
preserved.
n
Installed on the
vCenter Server system
Data is not migrated.
n
vSphere ESXi Dump
Collector
Not installed on the
vCenter Server system
Post Upgrade Actions
n
n
ESXi system information might
remain on an old system until you
relocate it.
ESXi hosts might require
reconfiguration to point to the new
vSphere Syslog Collector server.
ESXi core dump data might remain
on an older system until you migrate
it.
ESXi hosts might require
reconfiguration to point to the new
vSphere ESXI Dump server.
For more information about upgrade scenarios, see “vCenter Server Example Upgrade Paths,” on page 24.
For information about service reconfigurations that are required after upgrade, see “Reconfigure Migrated
vCenter Server Services After Upgrade,” on page 102
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Chapter 4 Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows
Mixed-Version Transitional Environments in vCenter Server for
Windows Upgrades
You can upgrade a vCenter Single Sign-On instance that is deployed on a separate virtual machine or
physical server from vCenter Server to an externally deployed Platform Services Controller 6.0 while
leaving the vCenter Server instances that are using it at version 5.5.
If you upgrade an externally deployed vCenter Single Sign-On instance to an externally deployed
Platform Services Controller 6.0, the vCenter Server 5.5 instances that were using the
vCenter Single Sign-On instance are not affected. The vCenter Server 5.5 instances continue to operate with
the upgraded Platform Services Controller as they did before the upgrade without any problems or required
reconfiguration. vCenter Server 5.5 instances continue to be visible to vSphere Web Client 5.5, though not to
vSphere Web Client 6.0.
Figure 4‑4. Mixed-Version Environment
Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
Platform Services
Controller 6.0
Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
Virtual Machine
or Physical Server
vCenter Server 5.5
vCenter Server 6.0
NOTE Mixed-version environments are not supported for production. They are recommended only during
the period when an environment is in transition between vCenter Server versions.
If you upgrade an external vCenter Single Sign-On and at least one instance of vCenter Server to version 6.0
while leaving other instances of vCenter Server at version 5.5, expect these results:
n
Linked Mode no longer functions.
n
vCenter Server 5.5 instances continue to operate with the upgraded Platform Services Controller as they
did before the upgrade without any problems or required reconfiguration.
n
In a mixed-version 5.5 and 6.0 environment, a vSphere Web Client 6.0 instance shows vCenter Server
5.5 instances.
n
vSphere Web Client 5.5 shows vCenter Server instances only, not 6.0 instances.
If you upgrade all vCenter Server 5.5 instances to 6.0 and the distributed vCenter Single Sign-On instance to
an external Platform Services Controller, none of the vCenter Server instances are affected. They continue
operating with the Platform Services Controller as they did before the upgrade without any problems or
required action.
The only action required for a mixed-version 5.5 and 6.0 environment after upgrade is a restart of any legacy
vSphere Web Client instances if they will be used to view vCenter Server 5.5 instances that are not yet
upgraded.
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Figure 4‑5. Example Deployment Before Upgrade Begins
Transitional Upgrade Environment: Starting Configuration
vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5
vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5
Operating System
Operating System
vCenter Inventory Service 5.5
vCenter Inventory Service 5.5
vCenter Inventory Service 5.5
vSphere Web Client 5.5
vSphere Web Client 5.5
vSphere Web Client 5.5
vCenter Server 5.5
vCenter Server 5.5
vCenter Server 5.5
Operating System
Operating System
Operating System
For example, a deployment with three vCenter Server 5.5 instances and two external vCenter Single Sign-On
instances must be upgraded one instance at a time to version 6.0.
Figure 4‑6. Example Deployment in Transition at Step 1
Transitional Upgrade Environment: Step 1
Platform Services Controller 6.0
vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5
Operating System
Operating System
vCenter Inventory Service 5.5
vCenter Inventory Service 5.5
vCenter Inventory Service 5.5
vSphere Web Client 5.5
vSphere Web Client 5.5
vSphere Web Client 5.5
vCenter Server 5.5
vCenter Server 5.5
vCenter Server 5.5
Operating System
Operating System
Operating System
Upgrading the first external vCenter Single Sign-On instance to an external Platform Services Controllerhas
no impact on the vCenter Server 5.5 instances except that Linked Mode no longer functions.
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Chapter 4 Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows
Figure 4‑7. Example Deployment in Transition at Step 2
Transitional Upgrade Environment: Step 2
Platform Services Controller 6.0
Platform Services Controller 6.0
Operating System
Operating System
vCenter Inventory Service 5.5
vCenter Inventory Service 5.5
vCenter Inventory Service 5.5
vSphere Web Client 5.5
vSphere Web Client 5.5
vSphere Web Client 5.5
vCenter Server 5.5
vCenter Server 5.5
vCenter Server 5.5
Operating System
Operating System
Operating System
Upgrading the second external vCenter Single Sign-On instance to an external
Platform Services Controllerhas no impact on the behavior of the vCenter Server 5.5 instances.
Figure 4‑8. Example Deployment in Transition at Step 3
Transitional Upgrade Environment: Step 3
Platform Services Controller 6.0
Platform Services Controller 6.0
Operating System
Operating System
vCenter Server 6.0
Operating System
vCenter Inventory Service 5.5
vCenter Inventory Service 5.5
vSphere Web Client 5.5
vSphere Web Client 5.5
vCenter Server 5.5
vCenter Server 5.5
Operating System
Operating System
After upgrading the first vCenter Server instance to 6.0, changes occur in the connectivity between the
vCenter Server instances.
n
The two remaining vSphere Web Client 5.5 instances can no longer view the newly upgraded
vCenter Server 6.0 instance after it joins the Platform Services Controller instance.
n
The vSphere Web Client 5.5 instances can still view the vCenter Server 5.5 instances after they are
restarted.
n
The vSphere Web Client 6.0 instance that is part of the newly upgraded vCenter Server 6.0 instance can
view the vCenter Server 5.5 and 6.0 instances.
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vSphere Upgrade
Figure 4‑9. Example Deployment in Transition at Step 4
Transitional Upgrade Environment: Step 4
Platform Services Controller 6.0
Platform Services Controller 6.0
Operating System
Operating System
vCenter Inventory Service 5.5
vCenter Server 6.0
vCenter Server 6.0
vSphere Web Client 5.5
vCenter Server 5.5
Operating System
Operating System
Operating System
After upgrading the second vCenter Server instance to 6.0, further changes occur in the connectivity
between the vCenter Server instances:
n
Linked Mode functionality is replaced by Enhanced Linked Mode functionality between the newly
upgraded vCenter Server 6.0 instances after they are joined to the Platform Services Controller.
n
The remaining vSphere Web Client 5.5 instance can no longer view the vCenter Server 6.0 instances.
n
The vSphere Web Client 5.5 instance can still view the vCenter Server 5.5 instances after they are
restarted.
n
The vSphere Web Client 6.0 instances that are part of the newly upgraded vCenter Server 6.0 instances
can view the vCenter Server 5.5 and 6.0 instances.
Figure 4‑10. Example Deployment in Transition at Step 5 with Upgrade Complete
Transitional Upgrade Environment: Step 5
76
Platform Services Controller 6.0
Platform Services Controller 6.0
Operating System
Operating System
vCenter Server 6.0
vCenter Server 6.0
vCenter Server 6.0
Operating System
Operating System
Operating System
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Chapter 4 Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows
After upgrading the third and final vCenter Server instance to 6.0, all the vCenter Server instances are
connected with vCenter Server 6.0 functionality.
n
Linked Mode functionality is replaced by Enhanced Linked Mode functionality between all the
vCenter Server 6.0 instances after they are joined to the Platform Services Controller.
n
The vSphere Web Client 6.0 instances can view all the vCenter Server 6.0 instances.
Download the vCenter Server for Windows Installer
Download the .iso installer for vCenter Server for Windows and the associated vCenter Server components
and support tools.
Prerequisites
Create a My VMware account at https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/.
Procedure
1
Download the vCenter Server installer from the VMware Web site at
https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/downloads.
vCenter Server is part of VMware vCloud Suite and VMware vSphere, listed under Datacenter & Cloud
Infrastructure.
2
Confirm that the md5sum is correct.
See the VMware Web site topic Using MD5 Checksums at
http://www.vmware.com/download/md5.html.
3
VMware, Inc.
Mount the ISO image to the Windows virtual machine or physical server on which you want to install
vCenter Server for Windows.
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vSphere Upgrade
Upgrade vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 for External Deployment
You can upgrade your externally deployed vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 to an externally deployed
Platform Services Controller instance by using the vCenter Server for Windows installer.
Figure 4‑11. vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 Upgrade Workflow for Windows
Begin vCenter Single Sign-On
5.1 Upgrade
No
Is vCenter
Single Sign-On
external?
Upgrade
vCenter Server
No
Yes
More
than one
Single Sign-On
instance?
Yes
Upgrade to Standalone
Platform Services
Controller
No
Yes
Replication?
Upgrade and join to the
Standalone Platform Services
Controller vCenter Single
Sign-On domain
Upgrade vCenter Server
instances. Join vCenter
Server instances to the
Standalone Platform Services
Controller instance.
No
Load
balancer?
Yes
vCenter Single Sign-On
upgrade is complete.
Verify the load balancer
is supported and
correctly configured.
If you are upgrading an externally deployed vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 instance to an externally deployed
Platform Services Controller instance in a mixed-version environment, any vCenter Server 5.1 instances
continue to operate with the upgraded Platform Services Controller exactly as they did with the
vCenter Single Sign-On without any problems or required actions.
78
n
For more information about how vCenter Single Sign-On affects your upgrade, see “How vCenter
Single Sign-On Affects Upgrades,” on page 21.
n
For information on vCenter Server behavior in mixed-version environments, see “Mixed-Version
Transitional Environments in vCenter Server for Windows Upgrades,” on page 73.
n
For information on deployment options, see “vCenter Server Deployment Models,” on page 16.
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Chapter 4 Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows
Prerequisites
n
Your current vCenter Single Sign-On must have been installed on a separate virtual machine or
physical server from your vCenter Server instance.
n
Verify that your configuration meets the upgrade requirements. See “vCenter Server for Windows
Requirements,” on page 30.
n
Complete the preparation to upgrade tasks. See Chapter 3, “Before Upgrading vCenter Server,” on
page 47.
n
Verify that you have made a backup of your vCenter Server configuration and database.
n
Download the vCenter Server Installer. See “Download the vCenter Server for Windows Installer,” on
page 77.
NOTE A vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 instance that is deployed on the same virtual machine or physical
server as vCenter Server 5.1 is automatically upgraded to an embedded Platform Services Controller
instance when you upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0.
Procedure
1
Download the vCenter Server for Windows ISO file. Extract the ISO file locally, or mount the ISO file as
a drive.
2
In the software installer, double-click the autorun.exe file to start the installer.
3
Select vCenter Server for Windows and click Install.
The installer runs pre-upgrade checks in the background to discover your existing
vCenter Single Sign-On settings and notify you of any problems that can affect your upgrade process.
The vCenter Server installer opens to the Welcome page.
4
Verify the detected information and upgrade path.
If you see a dialog box identifying missing requirements instead of a Welcome screen, follow the
instructions in the dialog box.
5
Review the Welcome page and accept the license agreement.
The installer runs pre-upgrade checks in the background to detect any issues that can cause the
upgrade to fail. You might receive a warning if the old certificates do not meet current VMware security
standards.
6
Upgrade vCenter Single Sign-On instances.
You can create or join a Platform Services Controller site.
n
If this is the first or primary vCenter Single Sign-On instance, upgrade it to a new standalone
Platform Services Controller instance by configuring a new vCenter Single Sign-On domain name
and site name.
n
If you have two or more vCenter Single Sign-On instances and this is the second or an additional
vCenter Single Sign-On instance, join it to the vCenter Single Sign-On site of the primary
Platform Services Controller to enable replication.
Replication information is retained during the upgrade.
The vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 domain '"System-Domain" is migrated to the new domain you choose.
7
Configure the ports and click Next.
The installer checks the availability of the selected ports and displays an error message if a selected port
cannot be used.
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8
Configure the install, data, and export directories and click Next.
The installer runs disk space and permission checks for the selected directories and displays an error
message if the selected directories do not meet the requirements.
9
Verify that the Summary page settings are correct. Verify that you have made a backup of your system
and click Upgrade.
A progress indicator displays as the installer starts the upgrade process. When the process is complete,
the installer verifies the upgrade.
10
Before clicking Finish, note the post-upgrade steps.
11
Click Finish to complete the upgrade.
What to do next
After configuring an external Platform Services Controller instance, you are ready to upgrade your
vCenter Server to an external deployment.
Upgrade vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 for External Deployment
You can upgrade your externally deployed vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 to an externally deployed
Platform Services Controller instance by using the vCenter Server for Windows installer.
Figure 4‑12. vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 Upgrade Workflow for Windows
Begin vCenter Single Sign-On
5.5 Upgrade
No
Is vCenter
Single Sign-On
external?
Upgrade
vCenter Server
No
Yes
More
than one
Single Sign-On
instance?
Yes
Upgrade to Standalone
Platform Services
Controller
Upgrade vCenter
Single Sign-On instances
to Platform Service Controller
instances. Configuration settings
such as replication are preserved.
Upgrade vCenter Server
instances. Join vCenter
Server instances to the
Standalone Platform Services
instance.
No
Load
balancer?
Yes
vCenter Single Sign-On
upgrade is complete.
80
Verify the load balancer
is supported and
correctly configured.
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Chapter 4 Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows
If you are upgrading an externally deployed vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 to an externally deployed
Platform Services Controller in a mixed version environment, any vCenter Server 5.5 instances continue to
operate with the upgraded Platform Services Controller exactly as they did with the vCenter Single Sign-On
without any problems or required actions.
NOTE A vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 deployed on the same VM or physical server as vCenter Server 5.5 is
automatically upgraded to an embedded Platform Services Controller when you upgrade to vCenter Server
6.0.
n
For more information about how vCenter Single Sign-On affects your upgrade, see “How vCenter
Single Sign-On Affects Upgrades,” on page 21.
n
For information on vCenter Server behavior in mixed version environments, see “Mixed-Version
Transitional Environments in vCenter Server for Windows Upgrades,” on page 73.
n
For information on deployment options, see “vCenter Server Deployment Models,” on page 16.
Prerequisites
n
Your current vCenter Single Sign-On must have been installed on a separate virtual machine (VM) or
physical server from your vCenter Server instance.
n
Verify your configuration meets the upgrade requirements, see “vCenter Server for Windows
Requirements,” on page 30.
n
Complete the preparation to upgrade tasks. See Chapter 3, “Before Upgrading vCenter Server,” on
page 47
n
Verify that you have made a backup of your vCenter Server configuration and database.
n
To verify that the VMware Directory Service is in a stable state and can stop, manually restart it. The
VMware Directory service must stopped for the vCenter Server upgrade software to uninstall
vCenter Single Sign-On during the upgrade process.
n
Download the vCenter Server Installer. See “Download the vCenter Server for Windows Installer,” on
page 77
Procedure
1
Download the vCenter Server for Windows ISO file. Extract the ISO file locally, or mount the ISO file as
a drive.
2
In the software installer, double-click the autorun.exe file to start the installer.
3
Select vCenter Server for Windows and click Install.
The installer runs checks in the background to discover your existing vCenter Single Sign-On settings
and notify you of any problems that can affect your upgrade process.
The vCenter Server installer opens to the Welcome page.
4
Verify the detected information and upgrade path.
If you see a dialog box identifying missing requirements instead of a Welcome screen, follow the
instructions in the dialog box.
5
Review the Welcome page and accept the license agreement.
6
Enter the credentials for the administrator@vsphere.local.
The installer runs pre-upgrade checks in the background to detect any issues that can cause the
upgrade to fail. You might receive a warning if the old certificates do not meet current VMware security
standards.
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vSphere Upgrade
7
Follow the prompts to upgrade the vCenter Single Sign-On instance to a Platform Services Controller
instance.
You can create or join a Platform Services Controller instance.
n
If this is the first or primary vCenter Single Sign-On instance, upgrade it to a new standalone
Platform Services Controller instance by configuring a new vCenter Single Sign-On domain name
and site name.
n
If you have two or more vCenter Single Sign-On instances and this is the second or an additional
vCenter Single Sign-On instance, join it to the vCenter Single Sign-On site of the primary
Platform Services Controller to enable replication.
Replication information is retained during the upgrade.
The vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 domain System-Domain is migrated to the new domain you choose.
8
Configure the ports and click Next.
Verify that ports 80 and 443 are free and dedicated, so that vCenter Single Sign-On can use these ports.
Otherwise, use custom ports during installation.
The installer checks the availability of the selected ports and displays an error message if a selected port
cannot be used.
9
Configure the install, data, and export directories and click Next.
The installer runs disk space and permission checks for the selected directories and displays an error
message if the selected directories do not meet the requirements.
10
Verify that the Summary page settings are correct. Verify that you have made a backup of your system
and click Upgrade.
A progress indicator displays as the installer starts the upgrade process. When the process is complete,
the installer verifies the upgrade.
11
Before clicking Finish, note the post upgrade steps.
12
Click Finish to complete the upgrade.
What to do next
After configuring an external Platform Services Controller instance, you are ready to upgrade your
vCenter Server to an external deployment.
Upgrade vCenter Server 5.0
You can upgrade your existing vCenter Server 5.0 deployment by using the vCenter Server for Windows
installer.
When you upgrade from vCenter Server 5.0, you can configure either an embedded or an external
Platform Services Controller during the upgrade.
n
82
Ports that are in use by vCenter Server are preserved. You cannot change ports during the upgrade. For
information on required ports, see “vCenter Server Required Ports,” on page 35.
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Chapter 4 Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows
n
The installer automatically migrates the database from Microsoft SQL Server Express to the PostgreSQL
(vPostgres) database that is included in vCenter Server. For information about migrating from
Microsoft SQL Server Express to Microsoft SQL Server before upgrading to VC 6.0, see the VMware
knowledge base article at http://kb.vmware.com/kb/1028601 and the Microsoft documentation. To
upgrade without migrating to the PostgreSQL database, see the VMware knowledge base article
http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2109321.
IMPORTANT You cannot change the deployment model of your vCenter Server services after the upgrade to
6.0.
n
For information on deployment options, see “vCenter Server Deployment Models,” on page 16 and
“About the vCenter Server for Windows 6.0 Upgrade Process,” on page 68.
n
For information on post-upgrade steps, see Chapter 6, “After Upgrading vCenter Server,” on page 101.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that your configuration meets the upgrade requirements. See “vCenter Server for Windows
Requirements,” on page 30.
n
Complete the upgrade preparation tasks. See Chapter 3, “Before Upgrading vCenter Server,” on
page 47
n
Verify that you have made a backup of your vCenter Server configuration and database.
n
Download the vCenter Server Installer. See “Download the vCenter Server for Windows Installer,” on
page 77
Procedure
1
Download the vCenter Server for Windows ISO file. Extract the ISO file locally, or mount the ISO file as
a drive.
2
In the software installer, double-click the autorun.exe file to start the installer.
3
Select vCenter Server for Windows and click Install.
The installer runs checks in the background to discover your existing settings and notify you of any
problems that can affect your upgrade process.
The vCenter Server installer opens to the Welcome page.
4
When the installer displays the detected information and the upgrade path, verify that it is correct.
If you see a dialog box identifying missing requirements instead of a Welcome screen, follow the
instructions in the dialog box.
5
Complete the installation wizard steps and accept the license agreement.
6
Enter your vCenter Server administrator credentials.
The installer runs checks in the background to detect any issues that can cause the upgrade to fail. You
might receive a warning if the old certificates do not meet current VMware security standards.
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vSphere Upgrade
7
Select the vCenter Server deployment model.
n
If you choose vCenter Server with an embedded Platform Services Controller, create or join a
vCenter Single Sign-On domain and site and click Next.
IMPORTANT Although you can select to join a vCenter Single Sign-On domain, you should consider
vCenter Server with an embedded Platform Services Controller as a standalone installation and do
not use it for replication of infrastructure data.
n
If you choose vCenter Server with an external Platform Services Controller, enter the information
for the external Platform Services Controller and click Next.
For an embedded Platform Services Controller instance, the installer migrates the
vCenter Single Sign-On domain System-Domain to the new domain that is chosen for the
Platform Services Controller. For an external Platform Services Controller, the installer validates the
information that is entered by connecting to the Platform Services Controller instance using the
credentials entered.
8
Configure the ports and click Next.
The installer checks for the availability of the selected ports and displays an error message if a selected
port cannot be used.
9
Configure the install, data and export data directories and click Next.
The installer runs disk space and permission checks for the selected directories and displays an error
message if the selected directories do not meet the requirements.
10
Review the Summary page to verify that the settings are correct. Verify that you have made a backup of
the vCenter Server machine and the vCenter Server database and click Upgrade.
A progress indicator displays as the installer starts the upgrade process. When the process is complete,
the installer verifies the upgrade.
11
Before clicking Finish, note the post-upgrade steps.
12
Click Finish to complete the upgrade.
Your vCenter Server for Windows upgrade is complete. For information on post-upgrade tasks, see
Chapter 6, “After Upgrading vCenter Server,” on page 101.
Upgrade vCenter Server 5.1 for Windows
You can upgrade your existing vCenter Server 5.1 deployment by using the vCenter Server for Windows
installer.
Your vCenter Server 5.1 configuration of services determines your post-upgrade deployment of components
and services.
84
n
If your vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 is located on the same virtual machine or physical server as your
vCenter Server, the installer upgrades your configuration to vCenter Server with an embedded
Platform Services Controller deployment.
n
If your vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 is located on a different virtual machine or physical server than your
vCenter Server, the installer upgrades your configuration to vCenter Server with an external
Platform Services Controller deployment.
n
vCenter Server 5.1 ports that are in use by vCenter Server and vCenter Single Sign-On are preserved.
You cannot change ports during the upgrade. For information on required ports, see “vCenter Server
Required Ports,” on page 35.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 4 Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows
n
vCenter Server services are no longer deployed separately from vCenter Server. Separately deployed
5.1 services are upgraded and migrated to the vCenter Server virtual machine or physical server during
the upgrade process. For details on service migration, see “Migration of Distributed vCenter Server for
Windows Services During Upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0,” on page 71 and “vCenter Server Example
Upgrade Paths,” on page 24.
n
The installer automatically migrates the database from Microsoft SQL Server Express to the PostgreSQL
(vPostgres) database that is included in vCenter Server. For information about migrating from
Microsoft SQL Server Express to Microsoft SQL Server before upgrading to VC 6.0, see the VMware
knowledge base article at http://kb.vmware.com/kb/1028601 and the Microsoft documentation. To
upgrade without migrating to the PostgreSQL database, see the VMware knowledge base article
http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2109321.
NOTE If you are using an external vCenter Single Sign-On instance, you must upgrade it to
Platform Services Controller 6.0 before upgrading your vCenter Server 5.5 instances to 6.0. See “Upgrade
vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 for External Deployment,” on page 78.
n
For information on deployment options, see “vCenter Server Deployment Models,” on page 16 and
“About the vCenter Server for Windows 6.0 Upgrade Process,” on page 68.
n
For information on vCenter Server behavior in mixed version environments, see “Mixed-Version
Transitional Environments in vCenter Server for Windows Upgrades,” on page 73.
n
For information about upgrading vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1, see “Upgrade vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1
for External Deployment,” on page 78.
n
For information on post-upgrade steps, see Chapter 6, “After Upgrading vCenter Server,” on page 101.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that your configuration meets the upgrade requirements. See “vCenter Server for Windows
Requirements,” on page 30.
n
Complete the preparation to upgrade tasks. See Chapter 3, “Before Upgrading vCenter Server,” on
page 47
n
Verify that you have made a backup of your vCenter Server configuration and database.
n
Download the vCenter Server Installer. See “Download the vCenter Server for Windows Installer,” on
page 77
Procedure
1
Download the vCenter Server for Windows ISO file. Extract the ISO file locally, or mount the ISO file as
a drive.
2
In the software installer, double-click the autorun.exe file to start the installer.
3
Select vCenter Server for Windows and click Install.
The installer runs checks in the background to discover your existing vCenter Single Sign-On settings
and notify you of any problems that can affect your upgrade process.
The vCenter Server installer opens to the Welcome page.
4
When the installer displays the detected information and upgrade path, verify that it is correct.
If you see a dialog box identifying missing requirements instead of a Welcome screen, follow the
instructions in the dialog box.
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vSphere Upgrade
5
Complete the installation wizard steps and accept the license agreement.
The installer runs pre-upgrade checks in the background to detect any issues that can cause the
upgrade to fail. You might receive a warning if the old certificates do not meet current VMware security
standards.
6
Configure the Platform Services Controller instance.
n
If vCenter Server and vCenter Single Sign-On are installed in the same machine, configure Platform
Services Controller and click Next.
n
If vCenter Server and vCenter Single Sign-On are not located in the same machine, enter the
prompted information for the external Platform Services Controller and click Next.
For an embedded Platform Services Controller, the installer migrates the vCenter Single Sign-On
domain System-Domain to the new domain that is chosen the Platform Services Controller. For an
external Platform Services Controller, the installer validates the information that is entered by
connecting to the Platform Services Controller instance using the credentials entered.
7
Configure the ports and click Next.
The installer checks for the availability of the selected ports and displays an error message if a selected
port cannot be used.
8
Configure the install, data, and export data directories and click Next.
The installer runs disk space and permission checks for the selected directories and displays an error
message if the selected directories do not meet the requirements.
9
Review the Summary page to verify that the settings are correct. Verify that you have made a backup of
the vCenter Server machine and the vCenter Server database and click Upgrade.
A progress indicator displays as the installer starts the upgrade process. When the process is complete,
the installer verifies the upgrade.
10
Before clicking Finish, note the post-upgrade steps.
11
Click Finish to complete the upgrade.
Your vCenter Server for Windows upgrade is complete. For information on post-upgrade tasks, see
Chapter 6, “After Upgrading vCenter Server,” on page 101.
Upgrade vCenter Server 5.5 for Windows
You can upgrade your existing vCenter Server 5.5 deployment by using the vCenter Server for Windows
installer.
Your vCenter Server 5.5 configuration of services determines your post-upgrade deployment of components
and services.
86
n
If your vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 is located on the same virtual machine or physical server as your
vCenter Server, the installer upgrades your configuration to vCenter Server with an embedded
Platform Services Controller deployment.
n
If your vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 is located on a different virtual machine or physical server than your
vCenter Server: the installer upgrades your configuration to vCenter Server with an external
Platform Services Controller deployment.
n
vCenter Server 5.5 ports that are in use by vCenter Server and vCenter Single Sign-On are preserved.
You cannot change ports during the upgrade. For information on required ports, see “vCenter Server
Required Ports,” on page 35.
VMware, Inc.
Chapter 4 Upgrading vCenter Server for Windows
n
vCenter Server services are no longer deployed separately from vCenter Server. Separately deployed
5.5 services are upgraded and migrated to the vCenter Server virtual machine or physical server during
the upgrade process. For details on service migration, see “Migration of Distributed vCenter Server for
Windows Services During Upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0,” on page 71 and “vCenter Server Example
Upgrade Paths,” on page 24.
n
The installer automatically migrates the database from Microsoft SQL Server Express to the PostgreSQL
(vPostgres) database that is included in vCenter Server. For information about migrating from
Microsoft SQL Server Express to Microsoft SQL Server before upgrading to VC 6.0, see the VMware
knowledge base article at http://kb.vmware.com/kb/1028601 and the Microsoft documentation. To
upgrade without migrating to the PostgreSQL database, see the VMware knowledge base article
http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2109321.
NOTE If you are using an external vCenter Single Sign-On, you must upgrade it to
Platform Services Controller 6.0 before upgrading your vCenter Server 5.5 instances to 6.0. See “Upgrade
vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 for External Deployment,” on page 80.
n
For information on deployment options, see “vCenter Server Deployment Models,” on page 16 and
“About the vCenter Server for Windows 6.0 Upgrade Process,” on page 68.
n
For information on vCenter Server behavior in mixed version environments, see “Mixed-Version
Transitional Environments in vCenter Server for Windows Upgrades,” on page 73.
n
For information about upgrading vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5, see “Upgrade vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5
for External Deployment,” on page 80.
n
For information on post-upgrade steps, see Chapter 6, “After Upgrading vCenter Server,” on page 101.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that your configuration meets the upgrade requirements. See “vCenter Server for Windows
Requirements,” on page 30.
n
Complete the preparation to upgrade tasks. See Chapter 3, “Before Upgrading vCenter Server,” on
page 47
n
Verify that you have made a backup of your vCenter Server configuration and database.
n
To verify that the VMware Directory Service is in a stable state and can stop, manually restart it. The
VMware Directory service must stopped for the vCenter Server upgrade software to uninstall
vCenter Single Sign-On during the upgrade process.
n
Download the vCenter Server Installer. See “Download the vCenter Server for Windows Installer,” on
page 77.
Procedure
1
Download the vCenter Server for Windows ISO file. Extract the ISO file locally, or mount the ISO file as
a drive.
2
In the software installer, double-click the autorun.exe file to start the installer.
3
Select vCenter Server for Windows and click Install.
The installer runs checks in the background to discover your existing vCenter Single Sign-On settings
and notify you of any problems that can affect your upgrade process.
The vCenter Server installer opens to the Welcome page.
4
VMware, Inc.
Complete the installation wizard steps and accept the license agreement.
87
vSphere Upgrade
5
Enter your credentials.
n
Enter your vCenter Server administrator credentials.
n
If vCenter Single Sign-On is present, enter the administrator@vsphere.local user credential and the
vCenter Single Sign-On credential.
n
Click Next.
The installer runs checks in the background to detect any issues that can cause the upgrade to fail. You
might receive a warning if the old certificates do not meet current VMware security standards.
6
Configure the Platform Services Controller instance.
n
If vCenter Server and vCenter Single Sign-On are installed in the same machine, configure Platform
Services Controller and click Next.
n
If vCenter Server and vCenter Single Sign-On are not located in the same machine, enter the
prompted information for the external Platform Services Controller instance and click Next.
For an embedded Platform Services Controller deployment, the installer migrates the
vCenter Single Sign-On domain 'System-Domain' to the new domain that is chosen for the
Platform Services Controller.
For an external Platform Services Controller deployment, the installer validates the information that is
entered by connecting to the Platform Services Controllerinstance using the credentials entered.
7
Configure the ports and click Next.
Verify that ports 80 and 443 are free and dedicated, so that vCenter Single Sign-On can use these ports.
Otherwise, use custom ports during installation.
The installer checks for the availability of the selected ports, and displays an error message if a selected
port cannot be used.
8
Configure install, data, and export data directories and click Next.
The installer runs disk space and permission checks for the selected directories, and displays an error
message if the selected directories do not meet the requirements.
9
Review the Summary page to verify that the settings are correct. Select the checkbox to verify that you
have made a backup of the vCenter Server machine and the vCenter Server database and click
Upgrade.
The installer starts the upgrade process and displays a progress indicator. When the process is
complete, the installer verifies the upgrade.
10
Before clicking Finish, take note of the post upgrade steps.
11
Click Finish to complete the upgrade.
Your vCenter Server for Windows upgrade is complete. For information on post-upgrade tasks, see
Chapter 6, “After Upgrading vCenter Server,” on page 101.
Update the Java Components and vCenter Server tc Server with
VIMPatch
You can separately update the Java version of all vCenter Server components depending on JRE server by
using the VIMPatch ISO file. You can also upgrade the vCenter Server tc Server by using the same patch.
You can apply the patch without reinstalling the vCenter Server components. The patch delivers updates for
JRE and vCenter Server tc Server.
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Prerequisites
n
Download the Java Components patch from VMware downloads page at
https://my.vmware.com/group/vmware/patch. The name format is VMware-VIMPatch-6.0.0build_number-YYYYMMDD.iso.
n
Stop any vCenter Server component operations, as when you apply the patch, all running services will
be stopped.
Procedure
1
Mount the VMware-VIMPatch-6.0.0-build_number-YYYYMMDD.iso to the system where the vCenter Server
component is installed.
2
Double-click ISO_mount_directory/autorun.exe.
A vCenter Server Java Components Update wizard opens.
3
Click Patch All.
The patch checks whether the Java components and the vCenter Server tc Server components are up to
date and silently updates them if necessary.
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Upgrading and Patching the
vCenter Server Appliance
5
You can upgrade the vCenter Server Appliance by using the Client Integration Plug-In. You can update the
vCenter Server Appliance with patches by using the software-packages utility available in the
vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 shell.
The vCenter Server Appliance is always upgraded to vCenter Server Appliance with an embedded
Platform Services Controller. If you want to use the vCenter Server Appliance with an external
Platform Services Controller, you must deploy a new vCenter Server Appliance. For information about
deploying the vCenter Server Appliance, see vSphere Installation and Setup.
IMPORTANT Upgrades from vCenter Server Appliance 5.1 Update 3 and later to vCenter Server Appliance
6.0 are supported. To upgrade a vCenter Server Appliance 5.0, you must first upgrade the
vCenter Server Appliance to version 5.1 Update 3 or 5.5 Update 2 and then upgrade it to
vCenter Server Appliance 6.0. For information about upgrading vCenter Server Appliance 5.0 to version 5.1
Update 3, see theVMware vSphere 5.1 Documentation. For information about upgrading
vCenter Server Appliance 5.0 to version 5.5 Update 2, see the VMware vSphere 5.5 Documentation.
Version 6.0 of the vCenter Server Appliance uses the embedded PostgreSQL database, which is suitable for
environments with up to 1,000 hosts and 10,000 virtual machines.
Version 6.0 of the vCenter Server Appliance is deployed with virtual hardware version 8, which supports 32
virtual CPUs per virtual machine in ESXi. Depending on the hosts that you will manage with the
vCenter Server Appliance, you might want to upgrade the ESXi hosts and update the hardware version of
the vCenter Server Appliance to support more virtual CPUs:
n
ESXi 5.5.x supports up to virtual hardware version 10 with up to 64 virtual CPUs per virtual machine.
n
ESXi 6.0 supports up to virtual hardware version 11 with up to 128 virtual CPUs per virtual machine.
For information about deploying the vCenter Server Appliance, see vSphere Installation and Setup.
For inventory and other configuration limits in the vCenter Server Appliance, see the Configuration
Maximums documentation.
For information about configuring the vCenter Server Appliance, see vCenter Server Appliance Configuration.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Upgrading the vCenter Server Appliance,” on page 92
n
“Patching the vCenter Server Appliance,” on page 98
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Upgrading the vCenter Server Appliance
To upgrade to the latest version of the vCenter Server Appliance, you must use the Client Integration PlugIn. All of the installation files necessary for the vCenter Server Appliance upgrade are included in an ISO file
which you can download from the VMware Web site.
Before you upgrade the vCenter Server Appliance, download the ISO file and mount it to the Windows host
machine from which you want to perform the upgrade. Install the Client Integration Plug-In, and then start
the upgrade wizard.
The upgrade of the vCenter Server Appliance is a migration of the old version to the latest version, which
results in deploying a new vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 on a host running ESXi 5.0 or later. The
configuration settings of the vCenter Server Appliance that you are upgrading are migrated and applied to
the newly deployed vCenter Server Appliance. The new appliance is assigned a temporary IP address to
facilitate the upgrade from the old appliance. The IP address and host name of the vCenter Server Appliance
that you are upgrading are applied to the vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 as part of the upgrade process. At
the end of the upgrade, the vCenter Server Appliance that you upgraded is powered off.
IMPORTANT If the vCenter Server Appliance that you want to upgrade is configured in a mixed IPv4 and
IPv6 environment, during the upgrade, only the IPv4 settings are preserved. In a DHCP environment, the
vCenter Server Appliance upgrade fails if the vCenter Server Appliance you are attempting to upgrade and
the vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 run on hosts that are in different networks.
1
About the vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 Upgrade Process on page 92
You can upgrade from vCenter Server Appliance 5.1 Update 3 or 5.5.x to 6.0.
2
Download the vCenter Server Appliance Installer on page 93
Download the .iso installer for the vCenter Server Appliance and Client Integration Plug-in.
3
Install the Client Integration Plug-In on page 94
You must install the Client Integration Plug-in before you deploy or upgrade the
vCenter Server Appliance.
4
Upgrade the vCenter Server Appliance on page 94
To upgrade vCenter Server Appliance 5.1 Update 3 and 5.5.x to vCenter Server Appliance 6.0, you can
use the Client Integration Plug-In.
About the vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 Upgrade Process
You can upgrade from vCenter Server Appliance 5.1 Update 3 or 5.5.x to 6.0.
The upgrade process includes:
1
Export of the vCenter Server Appliance 5.1 Update 3 or 5.5.x configuration.
2
Deployment of vCenter Server Appliance 6.0.
3
Migration of the vCenter Server Appliance 5.1 Update 3 or 5.5.x services and configuration data to the
new vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 deployment.
4
Power-off of the vCenter Server Appliance 5.1 Update 3 or 5.5.x machine that you want to upgrade.
If your current vCenter Server Appliance version is earlier than 5.1 Update 3, you must upgrade to 5.1
Update 3 or later before upgrading to vCenter Server Appliance 6.0.
vCenter Server Appliance with an embedded Platform Services Controller instance is the only supported
upgrade option for vCenter Server Appliance 6.0.
If you have multiple instances of vCenter Server Appliance, concurrent upgrades are not supported. You
must upgrade one instance at a time.
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Figure 5‑1. vCenter Server Appliance Upgrade Workflow
Begin vCenter Server
Appliance Upgrade
Meet requirements
Perform pre-upgrade
tasks
Upgrade
vCenter Server
Perform optional
post-upgrade tasks
vCenter Server Appliance
upgrade is complete
n
For the vCenter Server Appliance requirements, see “vCenter Server Appliance Requirements,” on
page 33.
n
For vCenter Server Appliance upgrade preparation, see Chapter 3, “Before Upgrading vCenter Server,”
on page 47.
n
For vCenter Server Appliance upgrade procedures, see Chapter 5, “Upgrading and Patching the
vCenter Server Appliance,” on page 91.
n
For vCenter Server Appliance post-upgrade procedures, see Chapter 6, “After Upgrading vCenter
Server,” on page 101.
Download the vCenter Server Appliance Installer
Download the .iso installer for the vCenter Server Appliance and Client Integration Plug-in.
Prerequisites
Create a My VMware account at https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/.
Procedure
1
Download the vCenter Server Appliance installer from the VMware Web site at
https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/downloads.
2
Confirm that the md5sum is correct.
See the VMware Web site topic Using MD5 Checksums at
http://www.vmware.com/download/md5.html.
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Mount the ISO image to the Windows virtual machine physical server on which you want to install the
Client Integration Plug-In to deploy or upgrade the vCenter Server Appliance.
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Install the Client Integration Plug-In
You must install the Client Integration Plug-in before you deploy or upgrade the vCenter Server Appliance.
Prerequisites
Verify that the .iso file for vCenter Server Appliance is downloaded and mounted.
Procedure
1
In the software installer directory, navigate to the vcsa directory and double-click VMwareClientIntegrationPlugin-6.0.0.exe.
The Client Integration Plug-in installation wizard appears.
2
On the Welcome page, click Next.
3
Read and accept the terms in the End-User License Agreement and click Next.
4
(Optional) Change the default path to the Client Integration Plug-in installation folder, and click Next.
5
On the Ready to Install the Plug-in page of the wizard, review the information and click Install.
6
After the installation completes, click Finish.
Upgrade the vCenter Server Appliance
To upgrade vCenter Server Appliance 5.1 Update 3 and 5.5.x to vCenter Server Appliance 6.0, you can use
the Client Integration Plug-In.
You can deploy version 6.0 of vCenter Server Appliance only on hosts that are running ESXi 5.0 or later.
Therefore, if the vCenter Server Appliance you want to upgrade is running on a host with a version earlier
than ESXi 5.0, you must first install ESXi 5.0 or later, so that the upgrade wizard can migrate the 6.0 version
of vCenter Server Appliance to that host.
IMPORTANT Upgrade of vCenter Server Appliance that is registered with an external vCenter Single Sign-On
server is not supported. You can upgrade to vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 only if you use embedded
vCenter Single Sign-On.
To ensure a vCenter Server Appliance instance has certificates with the correct FQDN, you must deploy it
using one of the following methods:
n
Start the vCenter Server Appliance using DHCP and the DHCP assigns a Fully Qualified Hostname.
n
Deploy the vCenter Server Appliance to an existing vCenter Server and the OVF Properties for
Hostname are set during deployment.
If you do not deploy vCenter Server Appliance with the correct FQDNs, you must regenerate the
certificates. See “VMware Component Manager Error During Startup After vCenter Server Appliance
Upgrade,” on page 190
Prerequisites
94
n
Verify that the clocks of all machines on the vSphere network are synchronized. See “Synchronizing
Clocks on the vSphere Network,” on page 61.
n
Verify that the ESXi host on which you deploy the vCenter Server Appliance is not in lockdown or
maintenance mode.
n
Verify that the vCenter Server SSL certificate for your existing vCenter Server Appliance is configured
correctly. See VMware Knowledge Base article 2057223.
n
If you use an external database, back up the vCenter Server Appliance database.
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n
Create a snapshot of the vCenter Server Appliance.
Procedure
1
In the software installer directory, double-click vcsa-setup.html.
2
Allow the Client Integration Plug-In to start and on the Home page, click Upgrade.
3
In the Supported Upgrade warning message, click OK to start the vCenter Server Appliance upgrade
wizard.
4
Read and accept the license agreement, and click Next.
5
Connect to the target ESXi host on which you want to deploy the vCenter Server Appliance and click
Next.
a
Enter the FQDN or the IP address of the ESXi host to connect to.
b
Enter the user name and the password of a user who has administrative privileges on the ESXi
host, for example, the root user.
6
(Optional) Accept the certificate warning, if any, by clicking Yes.
7
Enter a name for the vCenter Server Appliance 6.0.
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8
On the Connect to source appliance page enter the details of the appliance that you want to upgrade.
a
b
c
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From the Existing Appliance Version drop-down menu, select the version of the
vCenter Server Appliance that you want to upgrade to vCenter Server Appliance 6.0.
Option
Description
vCSA 5.1 U3
Lets you upgrade a vCenter Server Appliance version 5.1 Update 3.
vCSA 5.5
Lets you upgrade a vCenter Server Appliance version 5.5.x.
Under vCenter Server Appliance, enter the required data of the vCenter Server Appliance that you
want to upgrade.
Option
Action
vCenter Server IP Address/FQDN
Enter the IP address or FQDN of the vCenter Server Appliance that you
want to upgrade.
vCenter Administrator User Name
Enter the vCenter Single Sign-On administrator user name.
If you are upgrading vCenter Server Appliance 5.5.x, this is
administrator@vsphere.local.
vCenter Administrator Password
Enter the password of the vCenter Single Sign-On administrator.
vCenter HTTPS Port
Optionally, change the default vCenter HTTPS port number.
The default value is 443.
Appliance (OS) Root password
Enter the password for the root user.
Temporary Upgrade Files Path
Optionally, change the default path to the folder in which to store the
configuration data.
By default, all the data and information about the settings of the
vCenter Server Appliance that you want to upgrade is exported
to /tmp/vmware/cis-export-folder. The data is later migrated to
the vCenter Server Appliance 6.0.
Migrate Performance & other
historical data
Optionally, select whether you want to enable migration of optional
performance and historical data stored in the database.
The optional bits include information about alarms, events, statistics,
and so on. If the information about these bits is big, the migration
might slow down the upgrade.
Under Source ESXi Host, enter the information about the host on which the
vCenter Server Appliance that you want to upgrade resides.
Option
Description
ESXi host IP address/FQDN
IP address or FQDN of the ESXi host on which the
vCenter Server Appliance that you want to upgrade resides.
ESXi host user name
User name of the user who has administrative rights on the primary
host.
ESXi host password
Password of the administrator user.
(Optional) Accept the warning message, if any, by clicking Yes.
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Set up the vCenter Single Sign-On settings for the newly deployed appliance and click Next.
IMPORTANT This step is mandatory only when you upgrade vCenter Server Appliance 5.1 Update 3. For
upgrades from vCenter Server Appliance 5.5.x the vCenter Single Sign-On data is automatically
migrated to the vCenter Server Appliance 6.0.
11
Option
Description
vCenter SSO Password
Enter the password for vCenter Single Sign-On.
The password must be between 8 and 20 characters, and must contain at
least one uppercase letter, one lowercase letter, one number, and one
special character, such as, for example, a dollar sign ($), exclamation mark
(!), brackets (()) or at sign (@).
Confirm password
Confirm the vCenter Single Sign-On password.
SSO Domain name
Enter the vCenter Single Sign-On domain name.
The domain name must comply with the RFC 1035 standards.
SSO Site name
Enter the vCenter Single Sign-On site name.
On the Select appliance size page of the wizard, select the vCenter Server Appliance size for the
vSphere inventory size and click Next.
Option
Description
Tiny (up to 10 hosts, 100 VMs)
Deploys an appliance with 2 CPUs and 8 GB of memory.
Small (up to 100 hosts, 1,000 VMs)
Deploys an appliance with 4 CPUs and 16 GB of memory.
Medium (up to 400 hosts, 4,000
VMs)
Deploys an appliance with 8 CPUs and 24 GB of memory.
Large (up to 1,000 hosts, 10,000
VMs)
Deploys an appliance with 16 CPUs and 32 GB of memory.
12
From the list of available datastores, select the location where all the virtual machine configuration files
and virtual disks will be stored and, optionally, enable thin provisioning by selecting Enable Thin Disk
Mode.
13
Select the temporary network for communication between the vCenter Server Appliance that you want
to upgrade and the newly deployed vCenter Server Appliance, select the vCenter Server Appliance IP
allocation method, and click Next.
The networks displayed in the Choose a temporary network drop-down menu depend on the ESXi
network settings. Non-ephemeral distributed virtual port groups are not supported and are not
displayed in the drop-down menu.
Option
Description
DHCP
A DHCP server is used to allocate the IP address.
Static
You are prompted to enter the IP address and network settings.
a Enter the network address which is different from the IP address of the
vCenter Server Appliance that you are upgrading.
b Enter the subnet mask.
c Enter the network gateway.
d Enter FQDNs or IP addresses of network DNS servers.
The names must be separated by commas.
14
(Optional) Select the Enable SSH check box to enable SSH connection to the vCenter Server Appliance.
15
On the Ready to complete page, review the settings for the vCenter Server Appliance upgrade and click
Finish to complete the process.
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The vCenter Server Appliance is upgraded. The old vCenter Server Appliance is powered off and the new
appliance starts.
Patching the vCenter Server Appliance
The appliance shell provides a software-packages utility that you can use to apply patches to the virtual
appliance. You can log in to the appliance shell as root and use the software-packages utility to see the
installed patches, stage new patches, and install new patches.
Patches are distributed in the form of an ISO image on the VMware Web site at
https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/downloads. VMware provides two ISO images that contain patches.
One of the ISO images contains patches for all the VMware packages installed in the appliance. The other
contains only third-party packages.
View a List of All Installed Patches in the vCenter Server Appliance
You can use the software-packages utility to see a list of the patches currently applied to the
vCenter Server Appliance. You can also view the list of the installed patches in chronological order, and the
details about a specific patch.
Procedure
1
Access the appliance shell and log in as a user who has a super administrator role.
The default user with a super administrator role is root.
2
To view the full list of patches and software packages installed in the vCenter Server Appliance, run the
software-packages list command.
3
To view all patches applied to thevCenter Server Appliance in chronological order, run the softwarepackages list --history command.
You see the list in chronological order. A single patch in this list can be an update of multiple different
packages.
4
To view details about a specific patch, run software-packages list --patch command.
For example, if you want to view the details about the VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-Patch1 patch,
run the following command:
software-packages list --patch VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-Patch1
You can see the complete list of details about the patch, such as vendor, description, installation date,
and packages that were updated.
Stage Patches to the vCenter Server Appliance
You can use the software-packages utility to stage patches from an ISO image that you mounted to the
appliance. Patches are distributed in the form of an ISO image.
Procedure
98
1
Download the ISO image from the VMware Web site to a local disk.
2
Mount the ISO image to the appliance.
a
Use the vSphere Client to log in to the ESXi host on which you deployed the
vCenter Server Appliance.
b
Navigate to the vCenter Server Appliance and select it.
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c
Click the CD/DVD Connections icon on the virtual machine toolbar, and select Connect to ISO
image on local disk.
d
Browse to locate the ISO image and click Open.
The image is mounted to the vCenter Server Appliance.
3
Access the appliance shell and log in as a user who has a super administrator role.
The default user with a super administrator role is root.
4
To stage the patches included in the mounted ISO image, run the software-packages stage --iso
command.
In the process of staging, the command validates that a patch is a VMware patch, that the staging area
has enough free space, and that the patches are not altered. Only completely new patches or patches for
existing packages that can be upgraded are staged.
5
(Optional) To see more information about the staged patches, run the software-packages list -staged command.
Each patch ISO image contains a metadata file, which contains information such as patch version,
product name, whether a restart of the system is required, and so on.
6
(Optional) To view a list of all the patches that have been staged, run the software-packages list -staged --verbose command.
Install vCenter Server Appliance Patches
You can use the software-packages utility to install staged patches or install the patches directly from an
ISO image.
Procedure
1
Access the appliance shell and log in as a user who has a super administrator role.
The default user with a super administrator role is root.
2
Install the patches.
n
To install patches that you already staged, run the software-packages install command.
n
To install patches directly from an ISO image without explicitly staging them, download the ISO to
a local disk, mount the ISO image to the appliance, and run the command for installing the patches.
a
Use the vSphere Client to log in to the ESXi host on which you deployed the
vCenter Server Appliance.
b
Navigate to the vCenter Server Appliance and select it.
c
Click the CD/DVD Connections icon on the virtual machine toolbar, and select Connect to
ISO image on local disk.
d
Browse to locate the ISO image and click Open.
e
Access the appliance shell and log in as a user who has a super administrator role.
f
Run the software-packages install --iso command.
This command silently performs a stage operation.
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(Optional) Run the shutdown reboot -r command to reboot the appliance.
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After Upgrading vCenter Server
6
After you upgrade to vCenter Server, consider the post-upgrade options and requirements.
n
You can review the database upgrade logs. See “Collect Database Upgrade Logs,” on page 187.
n
Complete any component reconfigurations that might be required for changes during upgrade.
n
Verify that you understand the authentication process and identify your identity sources.
n
Upgrade any additional modules that are linked to this instance of vCenter Server, such as
vSphere Update Manager.
n
Optionally, upgrade or migrate the ESXi hosts in the vCenter Server inventory to the same version as
the vCenter Server instance.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Complete vCenter Server Postupgrade Component Configuration,” on page 101
n
“Reconfigure Migrated vCenter Server Services After Upgrade,” on page 102
n
“Install or Upgrade vSphere Authentication Proxy,” on page 103
n
“Upgrade the vSphere Client,” on page 104
n
“Configuring VMware vCenter Server - tc Server Settings in vCenter Server,” on page 105
n
“Setting the vCenter Server Administrator User,” on page 107
n
“Authenticating to the vCenter Server Environment,” on page 107
n
“Identity Sources for vCenter Server with vCenter Single Sign-On,” on page 107
n
“Restore ESXi Certificate and Key Files,” on page 109
n
“Repointing the Connections Between vCenter Server and Platform Services Controller,” on page 109
Complete vCenter Server Postupgrade Component Configuration
Complete the post-upgrade options and requirements that apply to your configuration.
If you have a local Auto Deploy service registered to vCenter Server before upgrade, it is upgraded
automatically and there is no change of location. If you have a remote Auto Deploy service registered to
vCenter Server before upgrade, it is migrated to the machine where vCenter Server is located when it is
upgraded.
If you have a vSphere Web Client service registered to vCenter Server before upgrade, it is upgraded
automatically and there is no change of location. If you have a remote vSphere Web Client registered to
vCenter Server before upgrade, it is migrated to the machine where vCenter Server is located when it is
upgraded.
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For information on repointing previously distributed component services that are migrated to the
vCenter Server physical server or virtual machine during upgrade, see “Reconfigure Migrated vCenter
Server Services After Upgrade,” on page 102.
SSL certification checking is required to configure vSphere HA on the hosts.
Procedure
1
2
On the VMware Web site, log in to your account page to access the license portal. From the license
portal, upgrade your vCenter Server license. Using the vSphere Web Client, assign the upgraded license
key to the vCenter Server host.
For Oracle databases, copy the Oracle JDBC Driver (ojdbc14.jar or ojdbc5.jar) to the[VMware vCenter
Server]\tomcat\lib folder.
3
For Microsoft SQL Server databases, if you enabled bulk logging for the upgrade, disable it after the
upgrade is complete.
4
If you have vSphere HA clusters, SSL certificate checking must be enabled.
If certificate checking is not enabled when you upgrade, vSphere HA fails to configure on the hosts.
a
Select the vCenter Server instance in the inventory panel.
b
Select the Manage tab and the General subtab.
c
Verify that the SSL settings field is set to vCenter Server requires verified host SSL certificates.
Reconfigure Migrated vCenter Server Services After Upgrade
vCenter Server 5.x services that were previously deployed separately from vCenter Server might require
reconfiguration after they are migrated to the vCenter Server system during the upgrade process.
vCenter Server components can no longer be deployed separately. If components of vCenter Server 5.x were
previously deployed in different systems from the vCenter Server system, the upgrade software migrates
them to the vCenter Server system. In some cases, repointing or other actions are required for the migrated
services.
For vCenter Server Appliance 5.5 instances with remote relay of logs to external receivers such as LogInsight
or Splunk, the upgrade software migrates the relay configuration to the VMware Syslog Service that is
included in vCenter Server Appliance 6.0.
When you are upgrading in a mixed-version environment, vCenter Server 5.x instances that were using the
vCenter Single Sign-On instance are not affected. They continue to operate with the upgraded
Platform Services Controller instance as they did before the upgrade without any issues or required
updates. vCenter Server 5.5 instances continue to be visible to version 5.5 vSphere Web Client, but not to
version 6.0 vSphere Web Client instances. See “Mixed-Version Transitional Environments in vCenter Server
for Windows Upgrades,” on page 73.
Procedure
1
If your vSphere Auto Deploy service was previously installed on a separate machine from
vCenter Server, and was relocated during the upgrade process, update your DHCP and TFTP settings
to point to your relocated vSphere Auto Deploy service.
a
Download deploy-tftp.zip and replace the tftp root folder.
Your configuration can vary based on your TFTP client.
b
Reconfigure the DHCP .conf file to use the upgraded vSphere Auto Deploy service and its .tramp
file.
Your configuration can vary based on your DHCP setup.
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2
If your vSphere Web Client was previously installed on a separate machine from vCenter Server and
was relocated during the upgrade process, update the FQDN and IP address to point to the new
location.
3
If your VMware vSphere Syslog Collector was previously installed on a separate machine from
vCenter Server, repoint ESXi hosts to the new location of the vSphere Syslog Collector server, which is
the newly upgraded vCenter Server 6.0 for Windows.
4
If your vSphere Web Client was previously installed on a separate machine from vCenter Server,
repoint ESXi hosts to the new location of the vSphere ESXi Dump Collector server.
5
To apply the configuration changes for the remote relay of logs to the vSphere Syslog Service service in
an upgraded vCenter Server Appliance, restart the service immediately after the upgrade to 6.0 is
completed.
6
To view any vCenter Server 5.5 instances that are not yet upgraded while you have a transitional
mixed-version 5.5 and 6.0 environment, restart your legacy vSphere Web Client.
7
If any vCenter Server 5.x services remain running on separate virtual machines or physical servers, you
can shut down and remove them.
They are not used by vCenter Server 6.0.
Install or Upgrade vSphere Authentication Proxy
Install vSphere Authentication Proxy to enable ESXi hosts to join a domain without using Active Directory
credentials. vSphere Authentication Proxy enhances security for PXE-booted hosts and hosts that are
provisioned using Auto Deploy by removing the need to store Active Directory credentials in the host
configuration.
If an earlier version of the vSphere Authentication Proxy is installed on your system, this procedure
upgrades the vSphere Authentication Proxy to the current version.
You can install vSphere Authentication Proxy on the same machine as the associated vCenter Server, or on a
different machine that has network connection to the vCenter Server. vSphere Authentication Proxy is
supported with vCenter Server versions 5.0 and later.
The vSphere Authentication Proxy service binds to an IPv4 address for communication with vCenter Server,
and does not support IPv6. The vCenter Server instance can be on a host machine in an IPv4-only, IPv4/IPv6
mixed-mode, or IPv6-only network environment, but the machine that connects to the vCenter Server
through the vSphere Web Client must have an IPv4 address for the vSphere Authentication Proxy service to
work.
Prerequisites
n
Install Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 on the machine where you want to install vSphere
Authentication Proxy.
n
Verify that you have administrator privileges.
n
Verify that the host machine has a supported processor and operating system.
n
Verify that the host machine has a valid IPv4 address. You can install vSphere Authentication Proxy on
a machine in an IPv4-only or IPv4/IPv6 mixed-mode network environment, but you cannot install
vSphere Authentication Proxy on a machine in an IPv6-only environment.
n
If you are installing vSphere Authentication Proxy on a Windows Server 2008 R2 host machine,
download and install the Windows hotfix described in Windows KB Article 981506 on the
support.microsoft.com Web site. If this hotfix is not installed, the vSphere Authentication Proxy
Adapter fails to initialize. This problem is accompanied by error messages in camadapter.log similar to
Failed to bind CAM website with CTL and Failed to initialize CAMAdapter.
n
Download the vCenter Server installer.
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Gather the following information to complete the installation or upgrade:
n
The location to install vSphere Authentication Proxy, if you are not using the default location.
n
The address and credentials for the vCenter Server that vSphere Authentication Proxy will connect to:
IP address or name, HTTP port, user name, and password.
n
The host name or IP address to identify vSphere Authentication Proxy on the network.
Procedure
1
Add the host machine where you will install the authentication proxy service to the domain.
2
Use the Domain Administrator account to log in to the host machine.
3
In the software installer directory, double-click the autorun.exe file to start the installer.
4
Select VMware vSphere Authentication Proxy and click Install.
5
Follow the wizard prompts to complete the installation or upgrade.
During installation, the authentication service registers with the vCenter Server instance where Auto
Deploy is registered.
When you install the vSphere Authentication Proxy service, the installer creates a domain account with
appropriate privileges to run the authentication proxy service. The account name begins with the prefix CAMand has a 32-character, randomly generated password associated with it. The password is set to never
expire. Do not change the account settings.
What to do next
Configure ESXi to use vSphere Authentication Proxy to join a domain. See the vSphere Security
documentation.
Upgrade the vSphere Client
Virtual machine users and vCenter Server administrators must use the vSphere Client 6.0 to connect to
vCenter Server 6.0 or to connect directly to ESXi 6.0 hosts.
You can install the VI Client 2.5, the vSphere Client 4.x, the vSphere Client 5.x, and the vSphere Client 6.0 on
the same machine. After you upgrade vCenter Server, upgrade the vSphere Client to the same version to
avoid compatibility problems that might interfere with the operation of the vSphere Client.
The vSphere Client upgrade operation requires no downtime. You do not need to power off virtual
machines or clients.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that you have the vCenter Server installer or the vSphere Client installer.
n
Verify that you are a member of the Administrators group on the system.
n
Verify that the system has an Internet connection.
Procedure
1
(Optional) Use Add/Remove Programs from the Windows Control Panel to remove any previous
vCenter Server client.
You do not need to remove earlier versions of vCenter Server clients. These versions are useful if you
must connect to legacy hosts.
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2
Run the vSphere Client installer.
n
Start the vCenter Server installer. In the software installer directory, double-click the autorun.exe
file and select vSphere Client .
n
If you downloaded the vSphere Client, double-click the VMware-viclient-build number.exe file.
After you install the vSphere Client 6.0, you can connect to an ESXi host by using the domain name or IP
address of the host and the user name and password of a user on that machine.
What to do next
Use the vSphere Client to connect directly to an ESXi host by using your user name and password.
If the vSphere Client displays security alerts and exceptions when you log in or perform some operations, ,
your Internet Explorer (IE) security settings might be set to High. Examples of security settings that are set
to High include opening performance charts or viewing the Summary tab. If your IE security settings are set
to High, enable the Allow scripting of Internet Explorer web browser control setting in IE.
Configuring VMware vCenter Server - tc Server Settings in
vCenter Server
Starting with vCenter Server 5.1, VMware Tomcat Server settings can no longer be configured through the
Windows user interface. vCenter Server versions 5.1 and later use VMware vCenter Server - tc Server, an
enterprise version of Apache Tomcat 7. Tomcat version 7 does not provide a control panel in the Windows
user interface. Instead, you configure Tomcat by editing configuration files manually.
Settings for Java options are stored in the following files.
n
vCenter Server. installation_directory\VMware\Infrastructure\tomcat\conf\wrapper.conf
n
vCenter Inventory Service. installation_directory\VMware\Infrastructure\Inventory
Service\conf\wrapper.conf
n
Profile-Driven Storage Service. installation_directory\VMware\Infrastructure\Profile-Driven
Storage\conf\wrapper.conf
n
vSphere Web Client.
installation_directory\VMware\vSphereWebClient\server\bin\service\conf\wrapper.conf
Table 6‑1. JVM Heap Size Setting for Inventory Service and Profile-Driven Storage Service, with Java
Maximum n the wrapper.conf Files
Java Option
Setting and Default Value
maxmemorysize
The maximum JVM heap size, in megabytes. This setting
controls the maximum size of the Java heap. Tuning this
parameter can reduce the overhead of garbage collection,
improving server response time and throughput. For some
applications, the default setting for this option is too low,
resulting in a high number of minor garbage collections.
Inventory Service: wrapper.java.maxmemory=2048
Profile-Driven Storage Service:
wrapper.java.maxmemory=1024
The vSphere Web Client: For large deployments you might
need to set this option to
wrapper.java.maxmemory=2048 .
ping.timeoutduration
The vSphere Web Client: For large deployments you might
need to set this option to wrapper.ping.timeout=120.
vCenter Server security and port settings are stored in the following files.
n
installation_directory\VMware\Infrastructure\tomcat\conf\server.xml
n
installation_directory\VMware\Infrastructure\tomcat\conf\catalina.properties
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Table 6‑2. vCenter Server Port and Security Settings in the server.xml and catalina.properties Files
vCenter Server Port or Security Setting
Setting and Default Value
Base shutdown port
base.shutdown.port=8003
Base JMX port. The listener implemented by the
com.springsource.tcserver.serviceability.rmi.JmxSocketList
ener class is specific to tc Server. This listener enables JMX
management of tc Server, and is the JMX configuration that
the AMS management console uses to manage tc Server
instances. The port attribute specifies the port of the JMX
server that management products, such as AMS, connect
to. The ${jmx.port} variable is set to 6969 in the default
catalina.properties file. The bind attribute specifies the
host of the JMX server. By default, this attribute is set to the
localhost (127.0.0.1).
The default -1 setting disables the port.
base.jmx.port=-1
Web services HTTPS
bio-vmssl.http.port=8080
Web services HTTPS
bio-vmssl.https.port=8443
SSL certificate
biovmssl.keyFile.name=C:\ProgramData\VMware\VMware
VirtualCenter\SSL\rui.pfx
SSL certificate password
bio-vmssl.SSL.password=testpassword
AJP port
bio-vmssl.ajp.port=8009
See Getting Started with vFabric tc Server and vFabric tc Server Administration at
https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/vfabric-tcserver.html.
You can manage the Windows services for vCenter Server from the Administrative Tools control panel,
under Services. The Windows service for vCenter Server is listed as VMware VirtualCenter Management
Webservices.
Set the Maximum Number of Database Connections After a vCenter Server
Upgrade
By default, a vCenter Server creates a maximum of 50 simultaneous database connections. If you configure
this value to less than 50 in the previous version of vCenter Server and then perform the upgrade to vCenter
Server 5.x, the upgrade restores the default setting of 50. If you configure this value to more than 50 in the
previous version of vCenter Server, after the upgrade to vCenter Server 5.x, the system retains the previous
value. You can reconfigure the nondefault setting.
You might want to increase the number of database connections if the vCenter Server frequently performs
many operations and performance is critical. You might want to decrease this number if the database is
shared and connections to the database are costly. Do not change this value unless your system has one of
these problems.
Perform this task before you configure the authentication for your database. For more information about
configuring authentication, see the documentation for your database.
Procedure
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1
From the vSphere Web Client, connect to the vCenter Server.
2
Select the vCenter Server in the inventory.
3
Click the Manage tab.
4
Select Settings.
5
Select General.
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6
Click Edit.
7
Select Database.
8
Change the Maximum connections value as appropriate.
9
Click OK.
10
Restart the vCenter Server.
The new database setting takes effect.
Setting the vCenter Server Administrator User
The way you set the vCenter Server administrator user depends on your vCenter Single Sign-On
deployment.
In vSphere versions before vSphere 5.1, vCenter Server administrators are the users that belong to the local
operating system administrators group.
In vSphere 5.1.x, 5.5, and 6.0, when you install vCenter Server, you must provide the default (initial)
vCenter Server administrator user or group. For deployments where vCenter Server and vCenter Single
Sign-On are on the same virtual machine or physical server, you can designate the local operating system
group Administrators as vCenter Server administrative users. This option is the default. This behavior is
unchanged from vCenter Server 5.0.
For larger installations, where vCenter Single Sign-On is part of the Platform Services Controller and
vCenter Server are deployed on different virtual machines or physical servers, you cannot preserve the same
behavior as in vCenter Server 5.0. Instead, assign the vCenter Server administrator role to a user or group
from an identity source that is registered in the vCenter Single Sign-On server: Active Directory,
OpenLDAP, or the system identity source.
Authenticating to the vCenter Server Environment
In vCenter Server versions 5.1 and later, users authenticate through vCenter Single Sign-On.
In vCenter Server versions earlier than vCenter Server 5.1, when a user connects to vCenter Server,
vCenter Server authenticates the user by validating the user against an Active Directory domain or the list of
local operating system users.
The user administrator@your_domain_name has vCenter Single Sign-On administrator privileges by default.
When logged in to the vCenter Single Sign-On server from the vSphere Web Client, the
administrator@your_domain_name user can assign vCenter Single Sign-On administrator privileges to other
users. These users might be different from the users that administer vCenter Server.
Users can log in to vCenter Server with the vSphere Web Client. Users authenticate to vCenter Single SignOn. Users can view all the vCenter Server instances that the user has permissions on. After users connect to
vCenter Server, no further authentication is required. The actions users can perform on objects depend on
the user's vCenter Server permissions on those objects.
For more information about vCenter Single Sign-On, see vSphere Security.
Identity Sources for vCenter Server with vCenter Single Sign-On
You can use identity sources to attach one or more domains to vCenter Single Sign-On. A domain is a
repository for users and groups that the vCenter Single Sign-On server can use for user authentication.
An identity source is a collection of user and group data. The user and group data is stored in Active
Directory, OpenLDAP, or locally to the operating system of the machine where vCenter Single Sign-On is
installed.
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After installation, every instance of vCenter Single Sign-On has the identity source your_domain_name, for
example vsphere.local. This identity source is internal to vCenter Single Sign-On. A vCenter Single Sign-On
administrator can add identity sources, set the default identity source, and create users and groups in the
vsphere.local identity source.
Types of Identity Sources
vCenter Server versions earlier than version 5.1 supported Active Directory and local operating system
users as user repositories. As a result, local operating system users could always authenticate to the
vCenter Server system. vCenter Server version 5.1 and version 5.5 uses vCenter Single Sign-On for
authentication. See the vSphere 5.1 documentation for a list of supported identity sources with vCenter
Single Sign-On 5.1. vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 supports the following types of user repositories as identity
sources, but supports only one default identity source.
n
Active Directory versions 2003 and later. Shown as Active Directory (Integrated Windows
Authentication) in the vSphere Web Client. vCenter Single Sign-On allows you to specify a single
Active Directory domain as an identity source. The domain can have child domains or be a forest root
domain. VMware KB article 2064250 discusses Microsoft Active Directory Trusts supported with
vCenter Single Sign-On.
n
Active Directory over LDAP. vCenter Single Sign-On supports multiple Active Directory over LDAP
identity sources. This identity source type is included for compatibility with the vCenter Single Sign-On
service included with vSphere 5.1. Shown as Active Directory as an LDAP Server in the vSphere Web
Client.
n
OpenLDAP versions 2.4 and later. vCenter Single Sign-On supports multiple OpenLDAP identity
sources. Shown as OpenLDAP in the vSphere Web Client.
n
Local operating system users. Local operating system users are local to the operating system where the
vCenter Single Sign-On server is running. The local operating system identity source exists only in basic
vCenter Single Sign-On server deployments and is not available in deployments with multiple vCenter
Single Sign-On instances. Only one local operating system identity source is allowed. Shown as localos
in the vSphere Web Client.
NOTE Do not use local operating system users if the Platform Services Controller is on a different
machine than the vCenter Server system. Using local operating system users might make sense in an
embedded deployment but is not recommended.
n
vCenter Single Sign-On system users. Exactly one system identity source named vsphere.local is created
when you install vCenter Single Sign-On. Shown as vsphere.local in the vSphere Web Client.
NOTE At any time, only one default domain exists. If a user from a non-default domain logs in, that user
must add the domain name (DOMAIN\user) to authenticate successfully.
vCenter Single Sign-On identity sources are managed by vCenter Single Sign-On administrator users.
You can add identity sources to a vCenter Single Sign-On server instance. Remote identity sources are
limited to Active Directory and OpenLDAP server implementations.
For more information about vCenter Single Sign-On, see vSphere Security.
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Restore ESXi Certificate and Key Files
When you replace a certificate on an ESXi host by using the vSphere Web Services SDK, the previous
certificate and key are appended to a .bak file. You can restore previous certificates by moving the
information in the .bak file to the current certificate and key files.
The host certificate and key are located in /etc/vmware/ssl/rui.crt and /etc/vmware/ssl/rui.key. When
you replace a host certificate and key by using the vSphere Web Services SDK vim.CertificateManager
managed object, the previous key and certificate are appended to the file /etc/vmware/ssl/rui.bak.
NOTE If you replace the certificate by using HTTP PUT, vifs, or from the ESXi Shell, the existing certificates
are not appended to the .bak file.
Procedure
1
On the ESXi host, locate the file /etc/vmware/ssl/rui.bak.
The file has the following format.
#
# Host private key and certificate backup from 2014-06-20 08:02:49.961
#
-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY----previous key
-----END PRIVATE KEY---------BEGIN CERTIFICATE----previous cert
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
2
Copy the text starting with -----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY----- and ending with -----END PRIVATE KEY----into the /etc/vmware/ssl/rui.key file.
Include -----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY----- and -----END PRIVATE KEY-----.
3
Copy the text between -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- and -----END CERTIFICATE----- into
the /etc/vmware/ssl/rui.crt file.
Include -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- and -----END CERTIFICATE-----.
4
Restart the host or send ssl_reset events to all services that use the keys.
for s in /etc/init.d/*; do $s | grep ssl_reset > /dev/null; if [ $? == 0 ]; then $s
ssl_reset; fi; done
Repointing the Connections Between vCenter Server and
Platform Services Controller
Joining external Platform Services Controllers in the same vCenter Single Sign-On domain, ensures high
availability of your system.
If your environment contains external Platform Services Controllers that replicate the infrastructure data
within a single domain, you can redirect the vCenter Server instances and vCenter Server Appliances to
another Platform Services Controller. As long as the Platform Services Controllers are in the same domain, if
a Platform Services Controller stops responding, you can redirect the vCenter Server instances and
vCenter Server Appliances to another Platform Services Controller within the domain.
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Example: Repoint a vCenter Server Appliance to Another External
Platform Services Controller
If you deploy the vCenter Server Appliance with an external Platform Services Controller and then deploy
another Platform Services Controller appliance and join it to the vCenter Single Sign-On domain in the first
Platform Services Controller, you can repoint the vCenter Server Appliance to the other
Platform Services Controller in the domain at any time.
Consider the following scenario:
1
Deploy a Platform Services Controller appliance A.
2
Deploy a Platform Services Controller appliance B, and join it to the vCenter Single Sign-On domain in
Platform Services Controller A.
3
Deploy a vCenter Server Appliance and register it with the Platform Services Controller appliance A.
4
If Platform Services Controller appliance A stops responding, repoint the vCenter Server Appliance to
Platform Services Controller appliance B.
a
Log in to the vCenter Server Appliance Linux console as root.
b
Repoint the vCenter Server Appliance to Platform Services Controller appliance B.
/usr/lib/vmware-vmafd/bin/vmafd-cli set-dc-name --server-name localhost --dc-name systemname-of-platform-services-controller-B
Here, system-name-of-platform-services-controller-B is the system name used to identify the
Platform Services Controller B. This system name must be an FQDN or a static IP address.
c
(Optional) If Platform Services Controller B runs on an HTTPS port that is different from the
HTTPS port of Platform Services Controller A, you must also update the port number.
/usr/lib/vmware-vmafd/bin/vmafd-cli set-dc-port --server-name localhost --dc-port httpsport-of-platform-services-controller-B
d
Use the service-control CLI to stop the services in the vCenter Server Appliance.
service-control --stop --all
e
Use the service-control CLI to start the services in the vCenter Server Appliance.
service-control --start --all
f
Log in to the vCenter Server instance in the vCenter Server Appliance by using the
vSphere Web Client to verify that the vCenter Server is up and running and can be managed.
Example: Repoint vCenter Server to Another External
Platform Services Controller
If you install vCenter Server with an external Platform Services Controller and then install another
Platform Services Controller and join it to the vCenter Single Sign-On domain in the first
Platform Services Controller, you can repoint the vCenter Server to the other at any time.
Consider the following scenario:
110
1
Install a Platform Services Controller A.
2
Install a Platform Services Controller B, and join it to the vCenter Single Sign-On domain in
Platform Services Controller A.
3
Install vCenter Server and register it with the Platform Services Controller A.
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4
If Platform Services Controller A stops responding, repoint the vCenter Server instance to
Platform Services Controller B.
a
Log in as an administrator to the virtual machine or physical server on which you installed
vCenter Server.
b
Open the command prompt.
c
Repoint the vCenter Server instance to Platform Services Controller B.
C:\Program Files\VMware\vCenter Server\vmafdd\vmafd-cli set-dc-name --server-name
localhost --dc-name system-name-of-platform-services-controller-B
Here, system-name-of-platform-services-controller-B is the system name used to identify the
Platform Services Controller B. This system name must be an FQDN or a static IP address.
d
(Optional) If Platform Services Controller B runs on an HTTPS port that is different from the
HTTPS port of Platform Services Controller A, you must also update the port number.
C:\Program Files\VMware\vCenter Server\vmafdd\vmafd-cli set-dc-port --server-name
localhost --dc-port https-port-of-platform-services-controller-B
e
Use the service-control CLI to stop the vCenter Server services.
service-control --stop --all
f
Use the service-control CLI to start the vCenter Server services.
service-control --start --all
g
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Log in to the vCenter Server instance by using the vSphere Web Client to verify that the
vCenter Server is up and running and can be managed.
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Upgrading Update Manager
7
You can upgrade to Update Manager 6.0 only from Update Manager version 5.x that are installed on a 64-bit
operating system.
If you are running Update Manager of a version earlier than 5.x, or Update Manager that runs on a 32-bit
platform, you cannot perform an in-place upgrade to Update Manager 6.0. You must use the data migration
tool that is provided with Update Manager 5.0 installation media to upgrade your Update Manager system
to Update Manager 5.0 running on a 64-bit operating system, and then perform an in-place upgrade from
version 5.0 to version 6.0. For detailed information how to use the data migration tool, see the Installing and
Administering VMware vSphere Update Manager documentation for Update Manager 5.0.
When you upgrade Update Manager, you cannot change the installation path and patch download location.
To change these parameters, you must install a new version of Update Manager rather than upgrade.
Previous versions of Update Manager use a 512-bit key and self-signed certificate and these are not replaced
during upgrade. If you require a more secure 2048-bit key, you can either perform a fresh installation of
Update Manager 6.0, or use the Update Manager Utility to replace the existing certificate.
Scheduled tasks for virtual machine patch scan and remediation are not removed during the upgrade. After
the upgrade, you can edit and remove scheduled scan tasks that exist from previous releases. You can
remove existing scheduled remediation tasks but you cannot edit them.
Virtual machine patch baselines are removed during the upgrade. Existing scheduled tasks that contain
them run normally and ignore only the scanning and remediation operations that use virtual machine patch
baselines.
You must upgrade the Update Manager database during the Update Manager upgrade. You can select
whether to keep your existing data in the database or to replace it during the upgrade.
The Java Components (JRE) required by Update Manager are installed or upgraded silently on the system
when you install or upgrade Update Manager. Starting with Update Manager 5.5 update 1, you can upgrade
the Java Components separately from an Update Manager upgrade procedure to a version of the Java
Components that is released asynchronously from the Update Manager releases.
Upgrade the Update Manager Server
To upgrade an instance of Update Manager that is installed on a 64-bit machine, you must first upgrade
vCenter Server to a compatible version.
The Update Manager 6.0 release allows upgrades from only Update Manager 5.x.
Prerequisites
n
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Ensure that you grant the database user the required set of privileges. See the Preparing the Update
Manager Database chapter in Installing and Administering VMware vSphere Update Manager.
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n
Stop the Update Manager service and back up the Update Manager database. The installer upgrades
the database schema, making the database irreversibly incompatible with previous Update Manager
versions.
Procedure
1
Upgrade vCenter Server to a compatible version.
NOTE The vCenter Server installation wizard warns you that Update Manager is not compatible when
vCenter Server is upgraded.
If prompted, you must restart the machine that is running vCenter Server. Otherwise, you might not be
able to upgrade Update Manager.
2
In the software installer directory, double-click the autorun.exe file at C:\installer_location, and
select vSphere Update Manager.
If you cannot launch the autorun.exe file, browse to locate the UpdateManager folder and run VMware-
UpdateManager.exe.
3
Select a language and click OK.
4
In the upgrade warning message, click OK.
5
Review the Welcome page and click Next.
6
Read the patent agreement and click Next.
7
Accept the terms in the license agreement and click Next.
8
Review the support information, select whether to delete old upgrade files, select whether to download
updates from the default download sources immediately after installation, and click Next.
If you deselect Delete the old host upgrade files from the repository, you retain files that you cannot
use with Update Manager 6.0.
If you deselect Download updates from default sources immediately after installation,
Update Manager downloads updates once daily according to the default download schedule or
immediately after you click Download Now on the Download Settings page. You can modify the
default download schedule after the installation is complete.
9
Type the vCenter Server system credentials and click Next.
To keep the Update Manager registration with the original vCenter Server system valid, keep the
vCenter Server system IP address and enter the credentials from the original installation.
10
Type the database password for the Update Manager database and click Next.
The database password is required only if the DSN does not use Windows NT authentication.
11
On the Database Upgrade page, select Yes, I want to upgrade my Update Manager database and I
have taken a backup of the existing Update Manager database, and click Next.
12
(Optional) On the Database re-initialization warning page, select to keep your existing remote database
if it is already upgraded to the latest schema.
If you replace your existing database with an empty one, you lose all of your existing data.
13
Specify the Update Manager port settings, select whether you want to configure the proxy settings, and
click Next.
Configure the proxy settings if the computer on which Update Manager is installed has access to the
Internet.
14
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(Optional) Provide information about the proxy server and port, specify whether the proxy should be
authenticated, and click Next.
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15
Click Install to begin the upgrade.
16
Click Finish.
You upgraded the Update Manager server.
What to do next
Upgrade the Update Manager Client plug-in.
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Before Upgrading Hosts
8
For a successful upgrade of your hosts, understand and prepare for the changes that are involved.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Best Practices for ESXi Upgrades,” on page 117
n
“Supported Upgrades to ESXi 6.0,” on page 118
n
“Upgrade Options for ESXi 6.0,” on page 119
n
“Upgrading Hosts That Have Third-Party Custom VIBs,” on page 120
n
“Using Manually Assigned IP Addresses for Upgrades Performed with vSphere Update Manager,” on
page 121
n
“Media Options for Booting the ESXi Installer,” on page 121
n
“Using Remote Management Applications,” on page 132
n
“Download the ESXi Installer,” on page 132
Best Practices for ESXi Upgrades
When you upgrade hosts, you must understand and follow the best practices process for a successful
upgrade.
For a successful ESXi upgrade, follow these best practices:
1
2
Make sure that you understand the ESXi upgrade process, the effect of that process on your existing
deployment, and the preparation required for the upgrade.
n
If your vSphere system includes VMware solutions or plug-ins, make sure they are compatible
with the vCenter Server version that you are upgrading to. See the VMware Product
Interoperability Matrix at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
n
Read “Upgrade Options for ESXi 6.0,” on page 119 to understand the upgrade scenarios that are
supported, and the options and tools that are available to perform the upgrade.
n
Read the VMware vSphere Release Notes for known installation issues.
Prepare the system for the upgrade.
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Make sure that the current ESXi version is supported for the upgrade. See “Supported Upgrades to
ESXi 6.0,” on page 118.
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n
Make sure that the system hardware complies with ESXi requirements. See Chapter 2, “Upgrade
Requirements,” on page 29 and VMware Compatibility Guide at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/search.php. Check for system compatibility, I/O
compatibility with network and host bus adapter (HBA) cards, storage compatibility, and backup
software compatibility.
n
Make sure that sufficient disk space is available on the host for the upgrade.
n
If a SAN is connected to the host, detach the Fibre Channel system before continuing with the
upgrade. Do not disable HBA cards in the BIOS.
3
Back up the host before performing an upgrade. If the upgrade fails, you can restore the host.
4
Depending on the upgrade option you choose, you might need to migrate or power off all virtual
machines on the host. See the instructions for your upgrade method.
5
After the upgrade, test the system to ensure that the upgrade completed successfully.
6
Apply a host's licenses. See “Applying Licenses After Upgrading to ESXi 6.0,” on page 180.
7
Consider setting up a syslog server for remote logging, to ensure sufficient disk storage for log files.
Setting up logging on a remote host is especially important for hosts with limited local storage.
vSphere Syslog Collector is included as a service in vCenter Server 6.0 and can be used to collect logs
from all hosts. See “Required Free Space for System Logging,” on page 45. For information about
setting up and configuring syslog and a syslog server, setting up syslog from the host profiles interface,
and installing vSphere Syslog Collector, see the vSphere Installation and Setup documentation.
8
If the upgrade was unsuccessful and you backed up the host, you can restore the host.
Supported Upgrades to ESXi 6.0
You can upgrade an ESXi 5.0.x, ESXi 5.1.x, ESXi 5.5.0, or ESXi 5.5.х host directly to 6.0.
The details and level of support for an upgrade to ESXi 6.0 depend on the host to be upgraded and the
upgrade method that you use. Verify support for the upgrade path from your current version of ESXi to the
version to which you are upgrading. See VMware Product Interoperability Matrixes at
http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
Table 8‑1. Supported Upgrade options for ESXi 6.0
Option
Description
ESXi 5.0.x , 5.1.x, or 5.5.x host, asynchronously released
driver or other third-party customizations, interactive
upgrade from CD or DVD, scripted upgrade, or upgrade
with vSphere Update Manager
Supported.
When you upgrade an ESXi 5.0.x, 5.1.x, or 5.5.x, host that
has custom VIBs to version 6.0, the custom VIBs are
migrated. See “Upgrading Hosts That Have Third-Party
Custom VIBs,” on page 120.
ESXi 5.0.x host
Methods supported for direct upgrade to 6.0 are:
n vSphere Update Manager.
n Interactive upgrade from CD, DVD, or USB drive.
n Scripted upgrade.
n vSphere Auto Deploy. If theESXi 5.0.x host was
deployed by using vSphere Auto Deploy, you can use
vSphere Auto Deploy to reprovision the host with a 6.0
image.
n
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Table 8‑1. Supported Upgrade options for ESXi 6.0 (Continued)
Option
Description
ESXi 5.1.x host
Methods supported for direct upgrade to 6.0 are:
n vSphere Update Manager.
n Interactive upgrade from CD, DVD, or USB drive.
n Scripted upgrade.
n vSphere Auto Deploy. If the ESXi 5.1.x host was
deployed by using vSphere Auto Deploy, you can use
vSphere Auto Deploy to reprovision the host with a 6.0
image.
n
ESXi 5.5.0 host
The esxcli command.
Methods supported for direct upgrade to 6.0 are:
n vSphere Update Manager.
n Interactive upgrade from CD, DVD, or USB drive.
n Scripted upgrade.
n vSphere Auto Deploy. If the ESXi 5.5.0 host was
deployed by using vSphere Auto Deploy, you can use
vSphere Auto Deploy to reprovision the host with a 6.0
image.
n
ESXi 5.5.x host
The esxcli command.
Methods supported for direct upgrade to 6.0 are:
n vSphere Update Manager.
n Interactive upgrade from CD, DVD, or USB drive.
n Scripted upgrade.
n vSphere Auto Deploy. If the ESXi 5.5.x host was
deployed by using vSphere Auto Deploy, you can use
vSphere Auto Deploy to reprovision the host with a 6.0
image.
n
The esxcli command.
Upgrade Options for ESXi 6.0
VMware provides several ways to upgrade ESXi 5.x hosts to ESXi 6.0 hosts.
vSphere Update
Manager
vSphere Update Manager is software for upgrading, migrating, updating,
and patching clustered hosts, virtual machines, and guest operating systems.
vSphere Update Manager orchestrates host and virtual machine upgrades. If
your site uses vCenter Server, VMware recommends that you use
vSphere Update Manager. For instructions about performing an orchestrated
host upgrade, see “Using vSphere Update Manager to Perform Orchestrated
Host Upgrades,” on page 135. For instructions about performing an
orchestrated virtual machine upgrade, see the Installing and Administering
VMware vSphere Update Manager documentation.
Upgrade interactively by
using an ESXi installer
ISO image on CD/DVD
or USB flash drive
You can run the ESXi 6.0 installer from a CD/DVD or USB flash drive to do
an interactive upgrade. This method is appropriate for deployments with a
small number of hosts. The installer works the same as for a fresh
installation, but if you select a target disk that already contains an ESXi
5.0.x,ESXi 5.1.x, or ESXi 5.5.x installation, the installer upgrades the host to
6.0. The installer also gives you the option to migrate some existing host
settings and configuration files and to preserve the existing VMFS datastore.
See “Upgrade Hosts Interactively,” on page 178.
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Perform a scripted
upgrade
You can upgrade hosts from ESXi 5.0.x, ESXi 5.1.x, and ESXi 5.5.x to ESXi 6.0
by running an update script for an efficient, unattended upgrade. Scripted
upgrades provide an efficient way to deploy multiple hosts. You can use a
script to upgrade ESXi from a CD, DVD, or USB flash drive, or by specifying
a preboot execution environment (PXE) for the installer. You can also call a
script from an interactive installation. See “Installing or Upgrading Hosts by
Using a Script,” on page 149.
vSphere Auto Deploy
After an ESXi 5.x host is deployed with vSphere Auto Deploy, you can use
vSphere Auto Deploy to reprovision the host and reboot it with a new image
profile. This profile contains an ESXi upgrade or patch, a host configuration
profile, and optionally, third-party drivers or management agents that are
provided by VMware partners. You can build custom images by using
vSphere ESXi Image Builder CLI. See “Using vSphere Auto Deploy to
Reprovision Hosts,” on page 162.
esxcli
You can use the esxcli command-line utility for ESXi to upgrade ESXi 5.0.x
hosts, ESXi 5.1.x hosts, or ESXi 5.5.x hosts to ESXi 6.0 hosts.
The esxupdate and vihostupdate utilities are not supported for ESXi 6.0 upgrades.
Table 8‑2. ESXi 6.0 Upgrade Methods
Upgrade from ESXi
5.0.x to ESXi 6.0
Upgrade from ESXi 5.1.x to
ESXi 6.0
Upgrade from ESXi 5.5.x to
ESXi 6.0
vSphere Update
Manager
Yes
Yes
Yes
Interactive upgrade
from CD, DVD, or USB
drive
Yes
Yes
Yes
Scripted upgrade
Yes
Yes
Yes
vSphere Auto Deploy
Yes, if the ESXi 5.0.x
host was deployed by
using
vSphere Auto Deploy
Yes, if the ESXi 5.1.x host was
deployed by using
vSphere Auto Deploy
Yes, if the ESXi 5.5.x host was
deployed by using
vSphere Auto Deploy
esxcli command-line
utility
Yes
Yes
Yes
Upgrade Method
Upgrading Hosts That Have Third-Party Custom VIBs
A host can have custom vSphere installation bundles (VIBs) installed, for example, for third-party drivers or
management agents. When you upgrade an ESXi 5.x host to ESXi 6.0, all supported custom VIBs are
migrated, regardless of whether the VIBs are included in the installer ISO.
If the host or the installer ISO image contains a VIB that creates a conflict and prevents the upgrade, an error
message identifies the VIB that created the conflict. To upgrade the host, take one of the following actions:
120
n
Remove the VIB that created the conflict from the host and retry the upgrade. If you are using
vSphere Update Manager, select the option to remove third-party software modules during the
remediation process. For more information, see the Installing and Administering VMware vSphere Update
Manager documentation. You can also remove the VIB that created the conflict from the host by using
esxcli commands. For more information, see “Remove VIBs from a Host,” on page 175.
n
Use the vSphere ESXi Image Builder CLI to create a custom installer ISO image that resolves the
conflict. For more information about vSphere ESXi Image Builder CLI installation and usage, see the
vSphere Installation and Setup documentation.
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Using Manually Assigned IP Addresses for Upgrades Performed with
vSphere Update Manager
If you are using vSphere Update Manager to upgrade a host from ESXi 5.x to ESXi 6.0, you must use
manually assigned IP addresses for the hosts. Manually assigned IP addresses are also called static IP
addresses.
IP addresses that are requested by using Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) can cause problems
during host upgrades that are performed with vSphere Update Manager. If a host loses its DHCP IP address
during an upgrade or migration because the lease period configured on the DHCP server expires,
vSphere Update Manager loses connectivity to the host. In this case, even if the host upgrade or migration is
successful, vSphere Update Manager reports an upgrade or migration failure, because it cannot connect to
the host. To prevent this scenario, use manually assigned IP addresses for the hosts.
Media Options for Booting the ESXi Installer
The ESXi installer must be accessible to the system on which you are installing ESXi.
The following boot media are supported for the ESXi installer:
n
Boot from a CD/DVD. See “Download and Burn the ESXi Installer ISO Image to a CD or DVD,” on
page 121.
n
Boot from a USB flash drive. See “Format a USB Flash Drive to Boot the ESXi Installation or Upgrade,”
on page 121.
n
PXE boot from the network. “PXE Booting the ESXi Installer,” on page 125
n
Boot from a remote location using a remote management application. See “Using Remote Management
Applications,” on page 132
Download and Burn the ESXi Installer ISO Image to a CD or DVD
If you do not have an ESXi installation CD/DVD, you can create one.
You can also create an installer ISO image that includes a custom installation script. See “Create an Installer
ISO Image with a Custom Installation or Upgrade Script,” on page 124.
Procedure
1
Download the ESXi installer from the VMware Web site at
https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/downloads.
ESXi is listed under Datacenter & Cloud Infrastructure.
2
Confirm that the md5sum is correct.
See the VMware Web site topic Using MD5 Checksums at
http://www.vmware.com/download/md5.html.
3
Burn the ISO image to a CD or DVD.
Format a USB Flash Drive to Boot the ESXi Installation or Upgrade
You can format a USB flash drive to boot the ESXi installation or upgrade.
Perform the procedure on a Linux machine with an operating system that can detect the USB flash drive. In
the examples, the operating system detects the USB flash drive as /dev/sdb.
NOTE The ks file that contains the installation script cannot be located on the same USB flash drive that you
are using to boot the installation or upgrade.
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Prerequisites
n
The ESXi ISO image VMware-VMvisor-Installer-6.x.x-XXXXXX.x86_64.iso, including the isolinux.cfg
file, where 6.x.x is the version of ESXi that you are installing, and XXXXXX is the build number of the
installer ISO image
n
Linux machine with access to Syslinux version 3.86 or 4.03
Procedure
1
If your USB flash drive is not detected as /dev/sdb, or you are not sure how your USB flash drive is
detected, determine how it is detected.
a
At the command line, run the following command.
tail -f /var/log/messages
This command displays the current log messages.
b
Plug in your USB flash drive.
You see several messages that identify the USB flash drive, in a format similar to the following
message.
Oct 25 13:25:23 ubuntu kernel: [
disk
712.447080] sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] Attached SCSI removable
In this example, sdb identifies the USB device. If your device is identified differently, use that
identification, in place of sdb.
2
Create a partition table on the USB flash device.
/sbin/fdisk /dev/sdb
a
Type d to delete partitions until they are all deleted.
b
Type n to create a primary partition 1 that extends over the entire disk.
c
Type t to set the type to an appropriate setting for the FAT32 file system, such as c.
d
Type a to set the active flag on partition 1.
e
Type p to print the partition table.
The result should be similar to the following text:
Disk /dev/sdb: 2004 MB, 2004877312 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 243 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Device Boot
Start
End
Blocks
/dev/sdb1
1
243
1951866
f
3
Id
c
System
W95 FAT32 (LBA)
Type w to write the partition table and exit the program.
Format the USB flash drive with the Fat32 file system.
/sbin/mkfs.vfat -F 32 -n USB /dev/sdb1
4
Run the following commands.
/path_to_syslinux-version_directory/syslinux-version/bin/syslinux /dev/sdb1
cat /path_to_syslinux-version_directory/syslinux-version/usr/share/syslinux/mbr.bin
> /dev/sdb
5
Mount the USB flash drive.
mount /dev/sdb1 /usbdisk
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6
Mount the ESXi installer ISO image.
mount -o loop VMware-VMvisor-Installer-6.x.x-XXXXXX.x86_64.iso /esxi_cdrom
7
Copy the contents of the ISO image to /usbdisk.
cp -r /esxi_cdrom/* /usbdisk
8
Rename the isolinux.cfg file to syslinux.cfg.
mv /usbdisk/isolinux.cfg /usbdisk/syslinux.cfg
9
In the /usbdisk/syslinux.cfg file, change the APPEND -c boot.cfg line to APPEND -c boot.cfg -p 1.
10
If you use Syslinux version 4.03, replace menu.c32.
cp / path_to_syslinux directory/syslinux-4.03/usr/share/syslinux/menu.c32 /usbdisk/
11
Unmount the USB flash drive.
umount /usbdisk
12
Unmount the installer ISO image.
umount /esxi_cdrom
The USB flash drive can boot the ESXi installer.
Create a USB Flash Drive to Store the ESXi Installation Script or Upgrade Script
You can use a USB flash drive to store the ESXi installation script or upgrade script that is used during
scripted installation or upgrade of ESXi.
When multiple USB flash drives are present on the installation machine, the installation software searches
for the installation or upgrade script on all attached USB flash drives.
The instructions in this procedure assume that the USB flash drive is detected as /dev/sdb.
NOTE The ks file containing the installation or upgrade script cannot be located on the same USB flash drive
that you are using to boot the installation or upgrade.
Prerequisites
n
Linux machine
n
ESXi installation or upgrade script, the ks.cfg kickstart file
n
USB flash drive
Procedure
1
Attach the USB flash drive to a Linux machine that has access to the installation or upgrade script.
2
Create a partition table.
/sbin/fdisk /dev/sdb
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a
Type d to delete partitions until they are all deleted.
b
Type n to create primary partition 1 that extends over the entire disk.
c
Type t to set the type to an appropriate setting for the FAT32 file system, such as c.
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d
Type p to print the partition table.
The result should be similar to the following text:
Disk /dev/sdb: 2004 MB, 2004877312 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 243 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Device Boot
Start
End
Blocks
/dev/sdb1
1
243
1951866
e
3
Id
c
System
W95 FAT32 (LBA)
Type w to write the partition table and quit.
Format the USB flash drive with the Fat32 file system.
/sbin/mkfs.vfat -F 32 -n USB /dev/sdb1
4
Mount the USB flash drive.
mount /dev/sdb1 /usbdisk
5
Copy the ESXi installation script to the USB flash drive.
cp ks.cfg /usbdisk
6
Unmount the USB flash drive.
The USB flash drive contains the installation or upgrade script for ESXi.
What to do next
When you boot the ESXi installer, point to the location of the USB flash drive for the installation or upgrade
script. See “Enter Boot Options to Start an Installation or Upgrade Script,” on page 150 and “About PXE
Configuration Files,” on page 128.
Create an Installer ISO Image with a Custom Installation or Upgrade Script
You can customize the standard ESXi installer ISO image with your own installation or upgrade script. This
customization enables you to perform a scripted, unattended installation or upgrade when you boot the
resulting installer ISO image.
See also “About Installation and Upgrade Scripts,” on page 152 and “About the boot.cfg File,” on page 159.
Prerequisites
n
Linux machine
n
The ESXi ISO image VMware-VMvisor-Installer-6.x.x-XXXXXX.x86_64.iso,where 6.x.x is the version of
ESXi you are installing, and XXXXXX is the build number of the installer ISO image
n
Your custom installation or upgrade script, the ks_cust.cfg kickstart file
Procedure
1
Download the ESXi ISO image from the VMware Web site.
2
Mount the ISO image in a folder:
mount -o loop VMware-VMvisor-Installer-6.x.x-XXXXXX.x86_64.iso /esxi_cdrom_mount
XXXXXX is the ESXi build number for the version that you are installing or upgrading to.
3
Copy the contents of cdrom to another folder:
cp -r /esxi_cdrom_mount /esxi_cdrom
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4
Copy the kickstart file to /esxi_cdrom.
cp ks_cust.cfg /esxi_cdrom
5
(Optional) Modify the boot.cfg file to specify the location of the installation or upgrade script by using
the kernelopt option.
This step automates the installation or upgrade, without the need to specify the kickstart file during the
installation or upgrade.
6
Recreate the ISO image:
mkisofs -relaxed-filenames -J -R -o custom_esxi.iso -b isolinux.bin -c boot.cat -no-emul-boot
-boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table /esxi_cdrom
The ISO image includes your custom installation or upgrade script.
What to do next
Install ESXi from the ISO image.
PXE Booting the ESXi Installer
You use the preboot execution environment (PXE) to boot a host and start the ESXi installer from a network
interface.
ESXi 6.0 is distributed in an ISO format that is designed to install to flash memory or to a local hard drive.
You can extract the files and boot by using PXE.
PXE uses Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) to boot an
operating system over a network.
PXE booting requires some network infrastructure and a machine with a PXE-capable network adapter.
Most machines that can run ESXi have network adapters that can PXE boot.
NOTE Ensure that the vSphere Auto Deploy server has an IPv4 address. PXE booting is supported only
with IPv4.
About the TFTP Server, PXELINUX, and gPXE
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is similar to the FTP service, and is typically used only for network
booting systems or loading firmware on network devices such as routers.
Most Linux distributions include a copy of the tftp-hpa server. If you require a supported solution, purchase
a supported TFTP server from your vendor of choice.
If your TFTP server will run on a Microsoft Windows host, use tftpd32 version 2.11 or later. See
http://tftpd32.jounin.net/. Earlier versions of tftpd32 were incompatible with PXELINUX and gPXE.
You can also acquire a TFTP server from one of the packaged appliances on the VMware Marketplace.
The PXELINUX and gPXE environments allow your target machine to boot the ESXi installer. PXELINUX is
part of the SYSLINUX package, which can be found at
http://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/boot/syslinux/, although many Linux distributions include it. Many
versions of PXELINUX also include gPXE. Some distributions, such as Red Hat Enterprise Linux version 5.3,
include earlier versions of PXELINUX that do not include gPXE.
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If you do not use gPXE, you might experience problems while booting the ESXi installer on a heavily loaded
network TFTP is sometimes unreliable for transferring large amounts of data. If you use PXELINUX without
gPXE, the pxelinux.0 binary file, the configuration file, the kernel, and other files are transferred by TFTP. If
you use gPXE, only the gpxelinux.0 binary file and configuration file are transferred by TFTP. With gPXE,
you can use a Web server to transfer the kernel and other files required to boot the ESXi installer.
NOTE VMware tests PXE booting with PXELINUX version 3.86. This is not a statement of limited support.
For support of third-party agents that you use to set up your PXE booting infrastructure, contact the vendor.
Figure 8‑1. Overview of PXE Boot Installation Process
ESXi target host
UDP
DHCP server
IP & TFTP server
UDP
TFTP server
Give me an IP
for the virtual
network adapter
Give me the
network boot loader
gpxelinux.0 or pxelinux.0
TCP for gPXELINUX
UDP for PXELINUX
Web server
kernel
UDP
DHCP server
Give me an IP
for the kernel
IP
TCP
scripts depot
Give me
the kernel
Give me an
installation script
Installer
starts
ks.cfg
ESXi host
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Sample DHCP Configuration
To PXE boot the ESXi installer, the DHCP server must send the address of the TFTP server and a pointer to
the pxelinux.0 or gpxelinux.0 directory.
The DHCP server is used by the target machine to obtain an IP address. The DHCP server must be able to
determine whether the target machine is allowed to boot and the location of the PXELINUX binary (which
usually resides on a TFTP server). When the target machine first boots, it broadcasts a packet across the
network requesting this information to boot itself. The DHCP server responds.
CAUTION Do not set up a new DHCP server if your network already has one. If multiple DHCP servers
respond to DHCP requests, machines can obtain incorrect or conflicting IP addresses, or can fail to receive
the proper boot information. Talk to a network administrator before setting up a DHCP server. For support
on configuring DHCP, contact your DHCP server vendor.
Many DHCP servers can PXE boot hosts. If you are using a version of DHCP for Microsoft Windows, see the
DHCP server documentation to determine how to pass the next-server and filename arguments to the
target machine.
gPXE Example
This example shows how to configure a ISC DHCP version 3.0 server to enable gPXE.
allow booting;
allow bootp;
# gPXE options
option space gpxe;
option gpxe-encap-opts code 175 = encapsulate gpxe;
option gpxe.bus-id code 177 = string;
class "pxeclients" {
match if substring(option vendor-class-identifier, 0, 9) = "PXEClient";
next-server TFTP server address;
if not exists gpxe.bus-id {
filename "/gpxelinux.0";
}
}
subnet Network address netmask Subnet Mask {
range Starting IP Address Ending IP Address;
}
When a machine attempts to PXE boot, the DHCP server provides an IP address and the location of the
gpxelinux.0 binary file on the TFTP server. The IP address assigned is in the range defined in the subnet
section of the configuration file.
PXELINUX (without gPXE) Example
This example shows how to configure a ISC DHCP version 3.0 server to enable PXELINUX.
#
# DHCP Server Configuration file.
#
see /usr/share/doc/dhcp*/dhcpd.conf.sample
#
ddns-update-style ad-hoc;
allow booting;
allow bootp;
class "pxeclients" {
match if substring(option vendor-class-identifier, 0, 9) = "PXEClient";
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next-server xxx.xxx.xx.xx;
filename = "pxelinux.0";
}
subnet 192.168.48.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
range 192.168.48.100 192.168.48.250;
}
When a machine attempts to PXE boot, the DHCP server provides an IP address and the location of the
pxelinux.0 binary file on the TFTP server. The IP address assigned is in the range defined in the subnet
section of the configuration file.
About PXE Configuration Files
The PXE configuration file defines the menu displayed to the target ESXi host as it boots up and contacts the
TFTP server. You need a PXE configuration file to PXE boot the ESXi installer.
The TFTP server constantly listens for PXE clients on the network. When it detects that a PXE client is
requesting PXE services, it sends the client a network package that contains a boot menu.
Required Files
In the PXE configuration file, you must include paths to the following files:
n
mboot.c32 is the boot loader.
n
boot.cfg is the boot loader configuration file.
See “About the boot.cfg File,” on page 159
File Name for the PXE Configuration File
For the file name of the PXE configuration file, select one of the following options:
n
01-mac_address_of_target_ESXi_host. For example, 01-23-45-67-89-0a-bc
n
The target ESXi host IP address in hexadecimal notation.
n
default
The initial boot file, pxelinux.0 or gpxelinux.0, tries to load a PXE configuration file. It tries with the MAC
address of the target ESXi host, prefixed with its ARP type code, which is 01 for Ethernet. If that attempt
fails, it tries with the hexadecimal notation of target ESXi system IP address. Ultimately, it tries to load a file
named default.
File Location for the PXE Configuration File
Save the file in var/lib/tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg/ on the TFTP server.
For example, you might save the file on the TFTP server at /tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg/01-00-21-5a-ce-40-f6.
The MAC address of the network adapter on the target ESXi host is 00-21-5a-ce-40-f6.
PXE Boot the ESXi Installer by Using PXELINUX and a PXE Configuration File
You can use a TFTP server to PXE boot the ESXi installer, using PXELINUX and a PXE configuration file.
See also “About Installation and Upgrade Scripts,” on page 152 and “About the boot.cfg File,” on page 159.
Prerequisites
Verify that your environment has the following components:
128
n
The ESXi installer ISO image downloaded from the VMware Web site.
n
TFTP server that supports PXE booting with gPXE. See “About the TFTP Server, PXELINUX, and
gPXE,” on page 125.
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n
DHCP server configured for PXE booting. See “Sample DHCP Configuration,” on page 127.
n
PXELINUX.
n
Server with a hardware configuration that is supported with your version of ESXi. See VMware
Compatibility Guide at http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/search.php.
n
Network security policies to allow TFTP traffic (UDP port 69).
n
(Optional) Installation script, the kickstart file. See “About Installation and Upgrade Scripts,” on
page 152.
n
Network adapter with PXE support on the target ESXi host.
n
IPv4 networking. IPv6 is not supported for PXE booting.
Use a native VLAN in most cases. To specify the VLAN ID to be used with PXE booting, verify that your
NIC supports VLAN ID specification.
Procedure
1
Create the /tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg directory on your TFTP server.
2
On the Linux machine, install PXELINUX.
PXELINUX is included in the Syslinux package. Extract the files, locate the pxelinux.0 file, and copy it
to the /tftpboot directory on your TFTP server.
3
Configure the DHCP server to send the following information to each client host:
n
The name or IP address of your TFTP server
n
The name of your initial boot file, pxelinux.0
4
Copy the contents of the ESXi installer image to the /var/lib/tftpboot directory on the TFTP server.
5
(Optional) For a scripted installation, in the boot.cfg file, add the kernelopt option to the line after the
kernel command, to specify the location of the installation script.
Use the following code as a model, where XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX is the IP address of the server where the
installation script resides, and esxi_ksFiles is the directory that contains the ks.cfg file.
kernelopt=ks=http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/esxi_ksFiles/ks.cfg
6
Create a PXE configuration file.
This file defines how the host boots when no operating system is present. The PXE configuration file
references the boot files. Use the following code as a model, where XXXXXX is the build number of the
ESXi installer image.
DEFAULT menu.c32
MENU TITLE ESXi-6.x.x-XXXXXX-full Boot Menu
NOHALT 1
PROMPT 0
TIMEOUT 80
LABEL install
KERNEL mboot.c32
APPEND -c location of boot.cfg
MENU LABEL ESXi-6.x.x-XXXXXX-full ^Installer
LABEL hddboot
LOCALBOOT 0x80
MENU LABEL ^Boot from local disk
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7
Name the file with the media access control (MAC) address of the target host machine: 01-
mac_address_of_target_ESXi_host.
For example, 01-23-45-67-89-0a-bc.
8
Save the PXE configuration file in /tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg on the TFTP server.
9
Boot the machine with the network adapter.
PXE Boot the ESXi Installer by Using PXELINUX and an isolinux.cfg PXE
Configuration File
You can PXE boot the ESXi installer by using PXELINUX, and you can use the isolinux.cfg file as the PXE
configuration file.
See also “About Installation and Upgrade Scripts,” on page 152 and “About the boot.cfg File,” on page 159
Prerequisites
Verify that your environment has the following components:
n
The ESXi installer ISO image downloaded from the VMware Web site.
n
TFTP server that supports PXE booting with PXELINUX. See “About the TFTP Server, PXELINUX, and
gPXE,” on page 125.
n
DHCP server configured for PXE booting. See “Sample DHCP Configuration,” on page 127.
n
PXELINUX.
n
Server with a hardware configuration that is supported with your version of ESXi. See the VMware
Compatibility Guide http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/search.php.
n
Network security policies to allow TFTP traffic (UDP port 69).
n
(Optional) Installation script, the kickstart file. See “About Installation and Upgrade Scripts,” on
page 152.
n
Network adapter with PXE support on the target ESXi host.
n
IPv4 networking. IPv6 is not supported for PXE booting.
Use a native VLAN in most cases. To specify the VLAN ID to be used with PXE booting, verify that your
NIC supports VLAN ID specification.
Procedure
1
Create the /tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg directory on your TFTP server.
2
On the Linux machine, install PXELINUX.
PXELINUX is included in the Syslinux package. Extract the files, locate the pxelinux.0 file, and copy it
to the /tftpboot directory on your TFTP server.
3
Configure the DHCP server.
The DHCP server sends the following information to your client hosts:
4
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n
The name or IP address of your TFTP server
n
The name of your initial boot file, pxelinux.0
Copy the contents of the ESXi installer image to the /var/lib/tftpboot directory on the TFTP server.
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5
(Optional) For a scripted installation, in the boot.cfg file, add the kernelopt option on the line after the
kernel command to specify the location of the installation script.
In the following example, XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX is the IP address of the server where the installation
script resides.
kernelopt=ks=http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/esxi_ksFiles/ks.cfg
6
Copy the isolinux.cfg file from the ESXi installer ISO image to the /tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg directory.
The isolinux.cfg file contains the following code, where XXXXXX is the build number of the ESXi
installer image:
DEFAULT menu.c32
MENU TITLE ESXi-6.x.x-XXXXXX-full Boot Menu
NOHALT 1
PROMPT 0
TIMEOUT 80
LABEL install
KERNEL mboot.c32
APPEND -c location of boot.cfg
MENU LABEL ESXi-6.x.x-XXXXXX-full ^Installer
LABEL hddboot
LOCALBOOT 0x80
MENU LABEL ^Boot from local disk
7
Rename the isolinux.cfg file with the MAC address of the target host machine: 01mac_address_of_target_ESXi_host. For example, 01-23-45-67-89-0a-bc
8
Boot the machine with the network adapter.
PXE Boot the ESXi Installer Using gPXE
You can PXE boot the ESXi installer using gPXE.
See also “About Installation and Upgrade Scripts,” on page 152 and “About the boot.cfg File,” on page 159
Prerequisites
Verify that your environment has the following components:
n
The ESXi installer ISO image downloaded from the VMware Web site
n
HTTP Web server that is accessible by your target ESXi hosts
n
DHCP server configured for PXE booting: /etc/dhcpd.conf is configured for client hosts with a TFTP
server and the initial boot file set to gpxelinux.0/undionly.kpxe. See “Sample DHCP Configuration,”
on page 127.
n
Server with a hardware configuration that is supported with your version of ESXi. See the Hardware
Compatibility Guide at http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/search.php.
n
gPXELINUX
n
(Optional) ESXi installation script. See “About Installation and Upgrade Scripts,” on page 152.
Use a native VLAN in most cases. If you want to specify the VLAN ID to be used with PXE booting, check
that your NIC supports VLAN ID specification.
Procedure
1
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Copy the contents of the ESXi installer ISO image to the /var/www/html directory on the HTTP server.
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2
Modify the boot.cfg file with the information for the HTTP server.
Use the following code as a model, where XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX is the HTTP server IP address. The
kernelopt line is optional. Include that option to specify the location of the installation script for a
scripted installation.
title=Loading ESX installer
kernel=http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/tboot.b00
kernelopt=ks=http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/esxi_ksFiles/ks.cfg
modules=http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/b.b00 --- http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/useropts.gz --http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/k.b00 --- http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/a.b00 --http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/s.v00 --- http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/weaselin.t00 --http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/tools.t00 --- http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/imgdb.tgz --http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/imgpayld.tgz
3
gPXE boot the host and press Ctrl+B to access the GPT menu.
4
Enter the following commands to boot with the ESXi installer, where XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX is the HTTP
server IP address.
dhcp net0 ( if dchp is not set)
kernel -n mboot.c32 http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/mboot.c32
imgargs mboot.c32 -c http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/boot.cfg
boot mboot.c32
Installing and Booting ESXi with Software FCoE
You can install and boot ESXi from an FCoE LUN using VMware software FCoE adapters and network
adapters with FCoE offload capabilities. Your host does not require a dedicated FCoE HBA.
See the vSphere Storage documentation for information about installing and booting ESXi with software
FCoE.
Using Remote Management Applications
Remote management applications allow you to install ESXi on servers that are in remote locations.
Remote management applications supported for installation include HP Integrated Lights-Out (iLO), Dell
Remote Access Card (DRAC), IBM management module (MM), and Remote Supervisor Adapter II (RSA II).
For a list of currently supported server models and remote management firmware versions, see “Supported
Remote Management Server Models and Firmware Versions,” on page 39. For support on remote
management applications, contact the vendor.
You can use remote management applications to do both interactive and scripted installations of ESXi
remotely.
If you use remote management applications to install ESXi, the virtual CD might encounter corruption
problems with systems or networks operating at peak capacity. If a remote installation from an ISO image
fails, complete the installation from the physical CD media.
Download the ESXi Installer
Download the installer for ESXi.
Prerequisites
Create a My VMware account at https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/.
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Procedure
1
Download the ESXi installer from the VMware Web site at
https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/downloads.
ESXi is listed under Datacenter & Cloud Infrastructure.
2
Confirm that the md5sum is correct.
See the VMware Web site topic Using MD5 Checksums at
http://www.vmware.com/download/md5.html.
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9
After you upgrade vCenter Server and vSphere Update Manager, upgrade VMware ESXi 5.x hosts to
ESXi 6.0. You can upgrade ESXi 5.0.x, ESXi 5.1.x, and ESXi 5.5.x hosts directly to ESXi 6.0.
To upgrade hosts, you can use the tools and methods that are described in “Upgrade Options for ESXi 6.0,”
on page 119.
CAUTION If you upgrade hosts managed by vCenter Server, you must upgrade to vCenter Server before you
upgrade ESXi. If you do not upgrade in the correct order, you can lose data and lose access to servers.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Using vSphere Update Manager to Perform Orchestrated Host Upgrades,” on page 135
n
“Installing or Upgrading Hosts by Using a Script,” on page 149
n
“Using vSphere Auto Deploy to Reprovision Hosts,” on page 162
n
“Upgrading Hosts by Using esxcli Commands,” on page 166
n
“Upgrade Hosts Interactively,” on page 178
Using vSphere Update Manager to Perform Orchestrated Host
Upgrades
Orchestrated upgrades allow you to upgrade the objects in your vSphere inventory in a two-step process:
host upgrades, followed by virtual machine upgrades. You can configure the process at the cluster level to
automate more of the process, or you can configure it at the individual host or virtual machine level for
granular control.
For example, you can define a host upgrade baseline to upgrade an ESXi 4.x host to ESXi 5.x, or you can
define a virtual machine upgrade baseline to upgrade the VMware Tools and the virtual machine hardware
to the latest version. Use wizard-based workflows to first schedule host upgrades for an entire cluster and
then schedule a virtual machine upgrade for all the virtual machines.
You cannot use Update Manager to upgrade a host to ESXi 5.x if the host was previously upgraded from
ESX 3.x to ESX 4.x. Such hosts do not have sufficient free space in the /boot partition to support the Update
Manager upgrade process. This problem also affects some 4.x ESX hosts, even if they were not previously
upgraded from ESX 3.x. Hosts must have more than 350MB of free space in the /boot partition to support
the Update Manager upgrade process. If the host that you are upgrading does not have more than 350MB of
free space in the /boot partition, use a scripted or interactive upgrade instead.
IMPORTANT After you upgrade or migrate your host to ESXi 5.x, you cannot roll back to your version 4.x
ESX or ESXi software. Back up your host before you perform an upgrade or migration, so that, if the
upgrade or migration fails, you can restore your 4.x host.
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The wizard workflows prevent erroneous upgrade sequences. For example, the wizard prevents you from
upgrading virtual machine hardware before you upgrade hosts in a cluster.
You can use Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) to prevent virtual machine downtime during the
upgrade process.
Update Manager monitors hosts and virtual machines for compliance against your defined upgrade
baselines. Noncompliance appears in detailed reports and in the dashboard view. Update Manager supports
mass remediation.
The following vSphere components are upgraded by Update Manager.
n
ESX and ESXi kernel (vmkernel)
n
Virtual machine hardware
n
VMware Tools
n
Virtual appliances
For components that are not listed here, you can perform the upgrade by using another upgrade method, or,
for third-party components, by using the appropriate third-party tools.
The following topics describe how to use Update Manager to conduct an orchestrated upgrade of your ESXi
hosts.
n
“Configuring Host and Cluster Settings,” on page 136
n
“Perform an Orchestrated Upgrade of Hosts Using vSphere Update Manager,” on page 137
To use Update Manager to conduct an orchestrated upgrade of virtual machines on your hosts, see the
Installing and Administering VMware vSphere Update Manager documentation.
Configuring Host and Cluster Settings
When you update vSphere objects in a cluster with vSphere Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS), vSphere
High Availability (HA), and vSphere Fault Tolerance (FT) enabled, you can temporarily disable vSphere
Distributed Power Management (DPM), HA admission control, and FT for the entire cluster. When the
update completes, Update Manager restores these features.
Updates might require the host to enter maintenance mode during remediation. Virtual machines cannot
run when a host is in maintenance mode. To ensure availability, vCenter Server can migrate virtual
machines to other ESXi hosts within a cluster before the host is put into maintenance mode. vCenter Server
migrates the virtual machines if the cluster is configured for vSphere vMotion, and if DRS is enabled.
If a host has no running virtual machines, DPM might put the host in standby mode and interrupt an
Update Manager operation. To make sure that scanning and staging complete successfully, Update Manager
disables DPM during these operations. To ensure successful remediation, have Update Manager disable
DPM and HA admission control before the remediation operation. After the operation completes,
Update Manager restores DPM and HA admission control. Update Manager disables HA admission control
before staging and remediation but not before scanning.
If DPM has already put hosts in standby mode, Update Manager powers on the hosts before scanning,
staging, and remediation. After the scanning, staging, or remediation is complete, Update Manager turns on
DPM and HA admission control and lets DPM put hosts into standby mode, if needed. Update Manager
does not remediate powered off hosts.
If hosts are put into standby mode and DPM is manually disabled for a reason, Update Manager does not
remediate or power on the hosts.
Within a cluster, temporarily disable HA admission control to allow vSphere vMotion to proceed. This
action prevents downtime of the machines on the hosts that you remediate. After the remediation of the
entire cluster, Update Manager restores HA admission control settings.
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If FT is turned on for any of the virtual machines on hosts within a cluster, temporarily turn off FT before
performing any Update Manager operations on the cluster. If FT is turned on for any of the virtual machines
on a host, Update Manager does not remediate that host. Remediate all hosts in a cluster with the same
updates, so that FT can be reenabled after the remediation. A primary virtual machine and a secondary
virtual machine cannot reside on hosts of different ESXi version and patch levels.
As you remediate hosts that are part of a Virtual SAN cluster, be aware of the following behavior:
n
The host remediation process might take an extensive amount of time to complete.
n
By design, only one host from a Virtual SAN cluster can be in a maintenance mode at any time.
n
Update Manager remediates hosts that are part of a Virtual SAN cluster sequentially even if you set the
option to remediate the hosts in parallel.
n
If a host is a member of a Virtual SAN cluster, and any virtual machine on the host uses a VM storage
policy with a setting for "Number of failures to tolerate=0", the host might experience unusual delays
when entering maintenance mode. The delay occurs because Virtual SAN has to migrate the virtual
machine data from one disk to another in the Virtual SAN datastore cluster. Delays might take up to
hours. You can workaround this by setting the "Number of failures to tolerate=1" for the VM storage
policy, which results in creating two copies of the virtual machine files in the Virtual SAN datastore.
Perform an Orchestrated Upgrade of Hosts Using vSphere Update Manager
You can use vSphere Update Manager to perform orchestrated upgrades of the ESX/ESXi hosts in your
vSphere inventory by using a single upgrade baseline, or by using a baseline group.
This workflow describes the overall process to perform an orchestrated upgrade of the hosts in your
vSphere inventory. vSphere Update Manager 6.0 supports host upgrades to ESXi 6.0 for hosts that are
running ESXi 5.x.
You can perform orchestrated upgrades of hosts at the folder, cluster, or data center level.
NOTE The last two steps in this procedure are alternatives. Choose one or the other.
Prerequisites
n
Make sure your system meets the requirements for vCenter Server 6.0, ESXi 6.0, and vSphere Update
Manager 6.0. See “Upgrade the Update Manager Server,” on page 113
n
Install or upgrade vCenter Server to version 6.0. See Chapter 4, “Upgrading vCenter Server for
Windows,” on page 67.
n
Install or upgrade vSphere Update Manager to version 6.0. See Chapter 7, “Upgrading Update
Manager,” on page 113.
Procedure
1
Configure Host Maintenance Mode Settings on page 138
ESXi host updates might require that the host enters maintenance mode before they can be applied.
Update Manager puts the ESXi hosts in maintenance mode before applying these updates. You can
configure how Update Manager responds if the host fails to enter maintenance mode.
2
Configure Cluster Settings on page 139
For ESXi hosts in a cluster, the remediation process can run either in a sequence or in parallel. Certain
features might cause remediation failure. If you have VMware DPM, HA admission control, or Fault
Tolerance enabled, you should temporarily disable these features to make sure that the remediation is
successful.
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3
Enable Remediation of PXE Booted ESXi Hosts on page 140
You can configure Update Manager to let other software initiate remediation of PXE booted ESXi
hosts. The remediation installs patches and software modules on the hosts, but typically the host
updates are lost after a reboot.
4
Import Host Upgrade Images and Create Host Upgrade Baselines on page 141
You can create upgrade baselines for ESXi hosts with ESXi 6.0 images that you import to the
Update Manager repository.
5
Create a Host Baseline Group on page 142
You can combine one host upgrade baseline with multiple patch or extension baselines, or combine
multiple patch and extension baselines in a baseline group.
6
Attach Baselines and Baseline Groups to Objects on page 143
To view compliance information and remediate objects in the inventory against specific baselines and
baseline groups, you must first attach existing baselines and baseline groups to these objects.
7
Manually Initiate a Scan of ESXi Hosts on page 143
Before remediation, you should scan the vSphere objects against the attached baselines and baseline
groups. To run a scan of hosts in the vSphere inventory immediately, initiate a scan manually.
8
View Compliance Information for vSphere Objects on page 144
You can review compliance information for the virtual machines, virtual appliances, and hosts against
baselines and baseline groups that you attach.
9
Remediate Hosts Against an Upgrade Baseline on page 144
You can remediate ESXi hosts against a single attached upgrade baseline at a time. You can upgrade
all hosts in your vSphere inventory by using a single upgrade baseline containing an ESXi 6.0 image.
10
Remediate Hosts Against Baseline Groups on page 147
You can remediate hosts against attached groups of upgrade, patch, and extension baselines. Baseline
groups might contain multiple patch and extension baselines, or an upgrade baseline combined with
multiple patch and extension baselines.
Configure Host Maintenance Mode Settings
ESXi host updates might require that the host enters maintenance mode before they can be applied.
Update Manager puts the ESXi hosts in maintenance mode before applying these updates. You can
configure how Update Manager responds if the host fails to enter maintenance mode.
For hosts in a container different from a cluster or for individual hosts, migration of the virtual machines
with vMotion cannot be performed. If vCenter Server cannot migrate the virtual machines to another host,
you can configure how Update Manager responds.
Hosts that are part of a Virtual SAN cluster can enter maintenance mode only one at a time. This is
specificity of the Virtual SAN clusters.
If a host is a member of a Virtual SAN cluster, and any virtual machine on the host uses a VM storage policy
with a setting for "Number of failures to tolerate=0", the host might experience unusual delays when
entering maintenance mode. The delay occurs because Virtual SAN has to migrate the virtual machine data
from one disk to another in the Virtual SAN datastore cluster. Delays might take up to hours. You can
workaround this by setting the "Number of failures to tolerate=1" for the VM storage policy, which results in
creating two copies of the virtual machine files in the Virtual SAN datastore.
Prerequisites
Connect the vSphere Client to a vCenter Server system with which Update Manager is registered, and on
the Home page, click Update Manager under Solutions and Applications icon.
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Procedure
1
On the Configuration tab, under Settings, click ESX Host/Cluster Settings.
2
Under Maintenance Mode Settings, select an option from the VM Power state drop-down menu to
determine the change of the power state of the virtual machines and appliances that are running on the
host to be remediated.
Option
3
Description
Power Off virtual machines
Powers off all virtual machines and virtual appliances before remediation.
Suspend virtual machines
Suspends all running virtual machines and virtual appliances before
remediation.
Do Not Change VM Power State
Leaves virtual machines and virtual appliances in their current power
state. This is the default setting.
(Optional) Select Retry entering maintenance mode in case of failure, specify the retry delay, and the
number of retries.
If a host fails to enter maintenance mode before remediation, Update Manager waits for the retry delay
period and retries putting the host into maintenance mode as many times as you indicate in Number of
retries field.
4
(Optional) Select Temporarily disable any removable media devices that might prevent a host from
entering maintenance mode.
Update Manager does not remediate hosts on which virtual machines have connected CD/DVD or
floppy drives. All removable media drives that are connected to the virtual machines on a host might
prevent the host from entering maintenance mode and interrupt remediation.
After remediation, Update Manager reconnects the removable media devices if they are still available.
5
Click Apply.
These settings become the default failure response settings. You can specify different settings when you
configure individual remediation tasks.
Configure Cluster Settings
For ESXi hosts in a cluster, the remediation process can run either in a sequence or in parallel. Certain
features might cause remediation failure. If you have VMware DPM, HA admission control, or Fault
Tolerance enabled, you should temporarily disable these features to make sure that the remediation is
successful.
NOTE Remediating hosts in parallel can improve performance significantly by reducing the time required
for cluster remediation. Update Manager remediates hosts in parallel without disrupting the cluster
resource constraints set by DRS. Avoid remediating hosts in parallel if the hosts are part of a Virtual SAN
cluster. Due to the specifics of the Virtual SAN cluster, a host cannot enter maintenance mode while other
hosts in the cluster are currently in maintenance mode.
Prerequisites
Connect the vSphere Client to a vCenter Server system with which Update Manager is registered, and on
the Home page, click Update Manager under Solutions and Applications icon.
Procedure
1
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On the Configuration tab, under Settings, click ESX Host/Cluster Settings.
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2
3
Select the check boxes for features that you want to disable or enable.
Option
Description
Distributed Power Management
(DPM)
VMware DPM monitors the resource use of the running virtual machines
in the cluster. If sufficient excess capacity exists, VMware DPM
recommends moving virtual machines to other hosts in the cluster and
placing the original host into standby mode to conserve power. If the
capacity is insufficient, VMware DPM might recommend returning
standby hosts to a powered-on state.
If you do not choose to disable DPM, Update Manager skips the cluster on
which VMware DPM is enabled. If you choose to temporarily disable
VMware DPM, Update Manager disables DPM on the cluster, remediates
the hosts in the cluster, and re-enables VMware DPM after remediation is
complete.
High Availability (HA) admission
control
Admission control is a policy used by VMware HA to ensure failover
capacity within a cluster. If HA admission control is enabled during
remediation, the virtual machines within a cluster might not migrate with
vMotion.
If you do not choose to disable HA admission control, Update Manager
skips the cluster on which HA admission control is enabled. If you choose
to temporarily disable HA admission control, Update Manager disables
HA admission control, remediates the cluster, and re-enables HA
admission control after remediation is complete.
Fault Tolerance (FT)
FT provides continuous availability for virtual machines by automatically
creating and maintaining a secondary virtual machine that is identical to
the primary virtual machine. If you do not choose to turn off FT for the
virtual machines on a host, Update Manager does not remediate that host.
Enable parallel remediation for
hosts in cluster
Update Manager can remediate hosts in clusters in a parallel manner.
Update Manager continuously evaluates the maximum number of hosts it
can remediate in parallel without disrupting DRS settings. If you do not
select the option, Update Manager remediates the hosts in a cluster
sequentially.
By design only one host from a Virtual SAN cluster can be in a
maintenance mode at any time. Update Manager remediates hosts that are
part of a Virtual SAN cluster sequentially even if you select the option to
remediate them in parallel.
Migrate powered off and suspended
virtual machines to other hosts in
the cluster, if a host must enter
maintenance mode
Update Manager migrates the suspended and powered off virtual
machines from hosts that must enter maintenance mode to other hosts in
the cluster. You can select to power off or suspend virtual machines before
remediation in the Maintenance Mode Settings pane.
Click Apply.
These settings become the default failure response settings. You can specify different settings when you
configure individual remediation tasks.
Enable Remediation of PXE Booted ESXi Hosts
You can configure Update Manager to let other software initiate remediation of PXE booted ESXi hosts. The
remediation installs patches and software modules on the hosts, but typically the host updates are lost after
a reboot.
The global setting in the Update Manager Configuration tab enables solutions such as ESX Agent Manager
or Cisco Nexus 1000V to initiate remediation of PXE booted ESXi hosts. In contrast, the Enable patch
remediation of powered on PXE booted ESXi hosts setting in the Remediate wizard enables Update
Manager to patch PXE booted hosts.
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To retain updates on stateless hosts after a reboot, use a PXE boot image that contains the updates. You can
update the PXE boot image before applying the updates with Update Manager, so that the updates are not
lost because of a reboot. Update Manager itself does not reboot the hosts because it does not install updates
requiring a reboot on PXE booted ESXi hosts.
Prerequisites
Connect the vSphere Client to a vCenter Server system with which Update Manager is registered, and on
the Home page, click Update Manager under Solutions and Applications icon.
Procedure
1
On the Configuration tab, under Settings, click ESX Host/Cluster Settings.
2
To enable installation of software for solutions on PXE booted ESXi hosts, select Allow installation of
additional software on PXE booted ESXi hosts.
3
Click Apply.
Import Host Upgrade Images and Create Host Upgrade Baselines
You can create upgrade baselines for ESXi hosts with ESXi 6.0 images that you import to the
Update Manager repository.
You can use ESXi .iso images to upgrade ESXi 5.x hosts to ESXi 6.0.
To upgrade hosts, use the ESXi installer image distributed by VMware with the name format VMwareVMvisor-Installer-6.0.0-build_number.x86_64.iso or a custom image created by using vSphere ESXi
Image Builder.
Prerequisites
Ensure that you have the Upload File privilege. For more information about managing users, groups, roles,
and permissions, see vCenter Server and Host Management.
Connect the vSphere Client to a vCenter Server system with which Update Manager is registered, and on
the Home page, click Update Manager under Solutions and Applications icon.
Procedure
1
On the ESXi Images tab click Import ESXi Image on the upper-right side.
2
On the Select ESXi Image page of the Import ESXi Image wizard, browse to and select the ESXi image
that you want to upload.
3
Click Next.
CAUTION Do not close the import wizard. Closing the import wizard stops the upload process.
4
(Optional) In the Security Warning window, select an option to handle the certificate warning.
A trusted certificate authority does not sign the certificates that are generated for vCenter Server and
ESXi hosts during installation. Because of this, each time an SSL connection is made to one of these
systems, the client displays a warning.
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Option
Action
Ignore
Click Ignore to continue using the current SSL certificate and start the
upload process.
Cancel
Click Cancel to close the window and stop the upload process.
Install this certificate and do not
display any security warnings
Select this check box and click Ignore to install the certificate and stop
receiving security warnings.
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5
After the file is uploaded, click Next.
6
(Optional) Create a host upgrade baseline.
7
a
Leave the Create a baseline using the ESXi image selected.
b
Specify a name, and optionally, a description for the host upgrade baseline.
Click Finish.
The ESXi image that you uploaded appears in the Imported ESXi Images pane. You can see more
information about the software packages that are included in the ESXi image in the Software Packages pane.
If you also created a host upgrade baseline, the new baseline is displayed in the Baselines pane of the
Baselines and Groups tab.
What to do next
To upgrade the hosts in your environment, you must create a host upgrade baseline if you have not already
done so.
Create a Host Baseline Group
You can combine one host upgrade baseline with multiple patch or extension baselines, or combine multiple
patch and extension baselines in a baseline group.
NOTE You can click Finish in the New Baseline Group wizard at any time to save your baseline group and
add baselines to it at a later stage.
Prerequisites
Connect the vSphere Client to a vCenter Server system with which Update Manager is registered, and on
the Home page, click Update Manager under Solutions and Applications icon.
Procedure
1
On the Baselines and Groups tab, click Create above the Baseline Groups pane.
2
Enter a unique name for the baseline group.
3
Under Baseline Group Type, select Host Baseline Group and click Next.
4
Select a host upgrade baseline to include it in the baseline group.
5
(Optional) Create a new host upgrade baseline by clicking Create a new Host Upgrade Baseline at the
bottom of the Upgrades page and complete the New Baseline wizard.
6
Click Next.
7
Select the patch baselines that you want to include in the baseline group.
8
(Optional) Create a new patch baseline by clicking Create a new Host Patch Baseline at the bottom of
the Patches page and complete the New Baseline wizard.
9
Click Next.
10
Select the extension baselines to include in the baseline group.
11
(Optional) Create a new extension baseline by clicking Create a new Extension Baseline at the bottom
of the Patches page and complete the New Baseline wizard.
12
On the Ready to Complete page, click Finish.
The host baseline group is displayed in the Baseline Groups pane.
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Attach Baselines and Baseline Groups to Objects
To view compliance information and remediate objects in the inventory against specific baselines and
baseline groups, you must first attach existing baselines and baseline groups to these objects.
You can attach baselines and baseline groups to objects from the Update Manager Client Compliance view.
Although you can attach baselines and baseline groups to individual objects, a more efficient method is to
attach them to container objects, such as folders, vApps, clusters, and data centers. Individual vSphere
objects inherit baselines attached to the parent container object. Removing an object from a container
removes the inherited baselines from the object.
If your vCenter Server system is connected to other vCenter Server systems by a common
vCenter Single Sign-On domain, you can attach baselines and baseline groups to objects managed by the
vCenter Server system with which Update Manager is registered. Baselines and baseline groups you attach
are specific for the Update Manager instance that is registered with the vCenter Server system.
Prerequisites
Ensure that you have the Attach Baseline privilege.
Procedure
1
Connect the vSphere Client to a vCenter Server system with which Update Manager is registered, and
select Home > Inventory.
2
Select the type of object that you want to attach the baseline to.
For example, Hosts and Clusters or VMs and Templates.
3
Select the object in the inventory, and click the Update Manager tab.
If your vCenter Server system is connected to other vCenter Server systems by a common
vCenter Single Sign-On domain, the Update Manager tab is available only for the vCenter Server
system with which an Update Manager instance is registered.
4
Click Attach in the upper-right corner.
5
In the Attach Baseline or Group window, select one or more baselines or baseline groups to attach to
the object.
If you select one or more baseline groups, all baselines in the groups are selected. You cannot deselect
individual baselines in a group.
6
(Optional) Click the Create Baseline Group or Create Baseline links to create a baseline group or a
baseline and complete the remaining steps in the respective wizard.
7
Click Attach.
The baselines and baseline groups that you selected to attach are displayed in the Attached Baseline Groups
and Attached Baselines panes of the Update Manager tab.
Manually Initiate a Scan of ESXi Hosts
Before remediation, you should scan the vSphere objects against the attached baselines and baseline groups.
To run a scan of hosts in the vSphere inventory immediately, initiate a scan manually.
Procedure
1
Connect the vSphere Client to a vCenter Server system with which Update Manager is registered and
select Home > Inventory > Hosts and Clusters in the navigation bar.
2
Right-click a host, data center, or any container object and select Scan for Updates.
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3
Select the types of updates to scan for.
You can scan for either Patches and Extensions or Upgrades.
4
Click Scan.
The selected inventory object and all child objects are scanned against all patches, extensions, and upgrades
in the attached baselines. The larger the virtual infrastructure and the higher up in the object hierarchy that
you initiate the scan, the longer the scan takes.
View Compliance Information for vSphere Objects
You can review compliance information for the virtual machines, virtual appliances, and hosts against
baselines and baseline groups that you attach.
When you select a container object, you view the overall compliance status of the attached baselines, as well
as all the individual compliance statuses. If you select an individual baseline attached to the container object,
you see the compliance status of the baseline.
If you select an individual virtual machine, appliance, or host, you see the overall compliance status of the
selected object against all attached baselines and the number of updates. If you further select an individual
baseline attached to this object, you see the number of updates grouped by the compliance status for that
baseline.
Procedure
1
Connect the vSphere Client to a vCenter Server system with which Update Manager is registered, and
select Home > Inventory.
2
Select the type of object for which you want to view compliance information.
For example, Hosts and Clusters or VMs and Templates.
3
Select an object from the inventory.
4
Click the Update Manager tab to view the scan results and compliance states.
Remediate Hosts Against an Upgrade Baseline
You can remediate ESXi hosts against a single attached upgrade baseline at a time. You can upgrade all
hosts in your vSphere inventory by using a single upgrade baseline containing an ESXi 6.0 image.
NOTE Alternatively, you can upgrade hosts by using a baseline group. See “Remediate Hosts Against
Baseline Groups,” on page 147.
Update Manager 6.0 supports upgrade from ESXi 5.x to ESXi 6.0.
To upgrade hosts, use the ESXi installer image distributed by VMware with the name format VMwareVMvisor-Installer-6.0.0-build_number.x86_64.iso or a custom image created by using vSphere ESXi
Image Builder.
NOTE In case of an unsuccessful upgrade from ESXi 5.x to ESXi 6.0, you cannot roll back to your previous
ESXi 5.x instance.
Prerequisites
Connect the vSphere Client to a vCenter Server system with which Update Manager is registered. If your
vCenter Server system is connected to other vCenter Server systems by a common vCenter Single Sign-On
domain, specify the Update Manager instance by selecting the name of the corresponding vCenter Server
system from the navigation bar.
To remediate a host against an upgrade baseline, attach the baseline to the host.
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Review any scan messages in the Upgrade Details window for potential problems with hardware, thirdparty software, and configuration issues that might prevent a successful upgrade to ESXi 6.0.
Procedure
1
On the Home page of the vSphere Client, select Hosts and Clusters and click the Update Manager tab.
2
Right-click the inventory object you want to remediate and select Remediate.
If you select a container object, all hosts under the selected object are remediated.
3
On the Remediation Selection page of the Remediate wizard, select the upgrade baseline to apply.
4
(Optional) Select the hosts that you want to remediate and click Next.
If you have chosen to remediate a single host and not a container object, the host is selected by default.
5
On the End User License Agreement page, accept the terms and click Next.
6
(Optional) On the ESXi 6.0 Upgrade page, select the option to ignore warnings about unsupported
devices on the host, or no longer supported VMFS datastore in order to continue with the remediation.
7
Click Next.
8
On the Schedule page, specify a unique name and an optional description for the task.
9
Select Immediately to begin the process immediately after you complete the wizard, or specify a time
for the remediation process to begin, and click Next.
10
On the Host Remediation Options page, from the Power state drop-down menu, you can select the
change in the power state of the virtual machines and virtual appliances that are running on the hosts
to be remediated.
Option
Description
Power Off virtual machines
Power off all virtual machines and virtual appliances before remediation.
Suspend virtual machines
Suspend all running virtual machines and virtual appliances before
remediation.
Do Not Change VM Power State
Leave virtual machines and virtual appliances in their current power state.
A host cannot enter maintenance mode until virtual machines on the host
are powered off, suspended, or migrated with vMotion to other hosts in a
DRS cluster.
Some updates require that a host enters maintenance mode before remediation. Virtual machines and
appliances cannot run when a host is in maintenance mode.
To reduce the host remediation downtime at the expense of virtual machine availability, you can choose
to shut down or suspend virtual machines and virtual appliances before remediation. In a DRS cluster,
if you do not power off the virtual machines, the remediation takes longer but the virtual machines are
available during the entire remediation process, because they are migrated with vMotion to other hosts.
11
(Optional) Select Retry entering maintenance mode in case of failure, specify the number of retries,
and specify the time to wait between retries.
Update Manager waits for the retry delay period and retries putting the host into maintenance mode as
many times as you indicate in Number of retries field.
12
(Optional) Select Disable any removable media devices connected to the virtual machine on the host.
Update Manager does not remediate hosts on which virtual machines have connected CD, DVD, or
floppy drives. In cluster environments, connected media devices might prevent vMotion if the
destination host does not have an identical device or mounted ISO image, which in turn prevents the
source host from entering maintenance mode.
After remediation, Update Manager reconnects the removable media devices if they are still available.
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13
Click Next.
14
Edit the cluster remediation options.
The Cluster Remediation Options page is available only when you remediate hosts in a cluster.
Option
Details
Disable Distributed Power
Management (DPM) if it is enabled
for any of the selected clusters.
Update Manager does not remediate clusters with active DPM.
DPM monitors the resource use of the running virtual machines in the
cluster. If sufficient excess capacity exists, DPM recommends moving
virtual machines to other hosts in the cluster and placing the original host
into standby mode to conserve power. Putting hosts into standby mode
might interrupt remediation.
Disable High Availability admission
control if it is enabled for any of the
selected clusters.
Update Manager does not remediate clusters with active HA admission
control.
Admission control is a policy used by VMware HA to ensure failover
capacity within a cluster. If HA admission control is enabled during
remediation, the virtual machines within a cluster might not migrate with
vMotion.
Disable Fault Tolerance (FT) if it is
enabled for the VMs on the selected
hosts.
If FT is turned on for any of the virtual machines on a host,
Update Manager does not remediate that host.
For FT to be enabled, the hosts on which the Primary and Secondary
virtual machines run must be of the same version and must have the same
patches installed. If you apply different patches to these hosts, FT cannot
be re-enabled.
Enable parallel remediation for the
hosts in the selected clusters.
Remediate hosts in clusters in a parallel manner. If the setting is not
selected, Update Manager remediates the hosts in a cluster sequentially.
By design only one host from a Virtual SAN cluster can be in a
maintenance mode at any time. Update Manager remediates hosts that are
part of a Virtual SAN cluster sequentially even if you select the option to
remediate them in parallel.
By default, Update Manager continuously evaluates the maximum number
of hosts it can remediate concurrently without disrupting DRS settings.
You can limit the number of concurrently remediated hosts to a specific
number.
NOTE Update Manager remediates concurrently only the hosts on which
virtual machines are powered off or suspended. You can choose to power
off or suspend virtual machines from the Power State menu in the
Maintenance Mode Settings pane on the Host Remediation Options page.
Migrate powered off and suspended
virtual machines to other hosts in
the cluster, if a host must enter
maintenance mode.
Update Manager migrates the suspended and powered off virtual
machines from hosts that must enter maintenance mode to other hosts in
the cluster. You can choose to power off or suspend virtual machines
before remediation in the Maintenance Mode Settings pane.
15
(Optional) Generate a cluster remediation options report by clicking Generate Report on the Cluster
Remediation Options page and click Next.
16
On the Ready to Complete page, click Finish.
NOTE In the Recent Tasks pane, the remediation task is displayed and will remain at about 22 percent for
most of the process. The process is still running and will take approximately 15 minutes to complete.
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Remediate Hosts Against Baseline Groups
You can remediate hosts against attached groups of upgrade, patch, and extension baselines. Baseline
groups might contain multiple patch and extension baselines, or an upgrade baseline combined with
multiple patch and extension baselines.
You can perform an orchestrated upgrade by using a host baseline group. The upgrade baseline in the
baseline group runs first, followed by patch and extension baselines.
NOTE Alternatively, you can upgrade hosts by using a single upgrade baseline. See “Remediate Hosts
Against an Upgrade Baseline,” on page 144.
Prerequisites
Ensure that at least one baseline group is attached to the host.
Connect the vSphere Client to a vCenter Server system with which Update Manager is registered. If your
vCenter Server system is connected to other vCenter Server systems by a common vCenter Single Sign-On
domain, specify the Update Manager instance by selecting the name of the corresponding vCenter Server
system from the navigation bar.
Review any scan messages in the Upgrade Details window for potential problems with hardware, thirdparty software, and configuration issues that might prevent a successful upgrade to ESXi 6.0.
Procedure
1
On the Home page of the vSphere Client, select Hosts and Clusters and click the Update Manager tab.
2
Right-click the inventory object you want to remediate and select Remediate.
If you select a container object, all hosts under the selected object are remediated.
3
On the Remediation Selection page of the Remediate wizard, select the baseline group and baselines to
apply.
4
(Optional) Select the hosts that you want to remediate and click Next.
If you have chosen to remediate a single host and not a container object, the host is selected by default.
5
On the End User License Agreement page, accept the terms and click Next.
6
(Optional) On the ESXi 6.0 Upgrade page, select the option to ignore warnings about unsupported
devices on the host, or no longer supported VMFS datastore in order to continue with the remediation.
7
Click Next.
8
(Optional) On the Patches and Extensions page, deselect specific patches or extensions to exclude them
from the remediation process, and click Next.
9
(Optional) On the Dynamic Patches and Extensions to Exclude page, review the list of patches or
extensions to be excluded and click Next.
10
On the Schedule page, specify a unique name and an optional description for the task.
11
Select Immediately to begin the process immediately after you complete the wizard, or specify a time
for the remediation process to begin, and click Next.
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On the Host Remediation Options page, from the Power state drop-down menu, you can select the
change in the power state of the virtual machines and virtual appliances that are running on the hosts
to be remediated.
Option
Description
Power Off virtual machines
Power off all virtual machines and virtual appliances before remediation.
Suspend virtual machines
Suspend all running virtual machines and virtual appliances before
remediation.
Do Not Change VM Power State
Leave virtual machines and virtual appliances in their current power state.
A host cannot enter maintenance mode until virtual machines on the host
are powered off, suspended, or migrated with vMotion to other hosts in a
DRS cluster.
Some updates require that a host enters maintenance mode before remediation. Virtual machines and
appliances cannot run when a host is in maintenance mode.
To reduce the host remediation downtime at the expense of virtual machine availability, you can choose
to shut down or suspend virtual machines and virtual appliances before remediation. In a DRS cluster,
if you do not power off the virtual machines, the remediation takes longer but the virtual machines are
available during the entire remediation process, because they are migrated with vMotion to other hosts.
13
(Optional) Select Retry entering maintenance mode in case of failure, specify the number of retries,
and specify the time to wait between retries.
Update Manager waits for the retry delay period and retries putting the host into maintenance mode as
many times as you indicate in Number of retries field.
14
(Optional) Select Disable any removable media devices connected to the virtual machine on the host.
Update Manager does not remediate hosts on which virtual machines have connected CD, DVD, or
floppy drives. In cluster environments, connected media devices might prevent vMotion if the
destination host does not have an identical device or mounted ISO image, which in turn prevents the
source host from entering maintenance mode.
After remediation, Update Manager reconnects the removable media devices if they are still available.
15
(Optional) Select the check box under ESXi Patch Settings to enable Update Manager to patch powered
on PXE booted ESXi hosts.
This option appears only when you remediate hosts against patch or extension baselines.
16
Click Next.
17
Edit the cluster remediation options.
The Cluster Remediation Options page is available only when you remediate hosts in a cluster.
148
Option
Details
Disable Distributed Power
Management (DPM) if it is enabled
for any of the selected clusters.
Update Manager does not remediate clusters with active DPM.
DPM monitors the resource use of the running virtual machines in the
cluster. If sufficient excess capacity exists, DPM recommends moving
virtual machines to other hosts in the cluster and placing the original host
into standby mode to conserve power. Putting hosts into standby mode
might interrupt remediation.
Disable High Availability admission
control if it is enabled for any of the
selected clusters.
Update Manager does not remediate clusters with active HA admission
control.
Admission control is a policy used by VMware HA to ensure failover
capacity within a cluster. If HA admission control is enabled during
remediation, the virtual machines within a cluster might not migrate with
vMotion.
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Option
Details
Disable Fault Tolerance (FT) if it is
enabled for the VMs on the selected
hosts.
If FT is turned on for any of the virtual machines on a host,
Update Manager does not remediate that host.
For FT to be enabled, the hosts on which the Primary and Secondary
virtual machines run must be of the same version and must have the same
patches installed. If you apply different patches to these hosts, FT cannot
be re-enabled.
Enable parallel remediation for the
hosts in the selected clusters.
Remediate hosts in clusters in a parallel manner. If the setting is not
selected, Update Manager remediates the hosts in a cluster sequentially.
By design only one host from a Virtual SAN cluster can be in a
maintenance mode at any time. Update Manager remediates hosts that are
part of a Virtual SAN cluster sequentially even if you select the option to
remediate them in parallel.
By default, Update Manager continuously evaluates the maximum number
of hosts it can remediate concurrently without disrupting DRS settings.
You can limit the number of concurrently remediated hosts to a specific
number.
NOTE Update Manager remediates concurrently only the hosts on which
virtual machines are powered off or suspended. You can choose to power
off or suspend virtual machines from the Power State menu in the
Maintenance Mode Settings pane on the Host Remediation Options page.
Migrate powered off and suspended
virtual machines to other hosts in
the cluster, if a host must enter
maintenance mode.
Update Manager migrates the suspended and powered off virtual
machines from hosts that must enter maintenance mode to other hosts in
the cluster. You can choose to power off or suspend virtual machines
before remediation in the Maintenance Mode Settings pane.
18
(Optional) Generate a cluster remediation options report by clicking Generate Report on the Cluster
Remediation Options page and click Next.
19
On the Ready to Complete page, click Finish.
NOTE In the Recent Tasks pane, the remediation task is displayed and will remain at about 22 percent for
most of the process. The process is still running and will take approximately 15 minutes to complete.
Installing or Upgrading Hosts by Using a Script
You can quickly deploy ESXi hosts by using scripted, unattended installations or upgrades. Scripted
installations or upgrades provide an efficient way to deploy multiple hosts.
The installation or upgrade script contains the installation settings for ESXi. You can apply the script to all
hosts that you want to have a similar configuration.
For a scripted installation or upgrade, you must use the supported commands to create a script. You can
edit the script to change settings that are unique for each host.
The installation or upgrade script can reside in one of the following locations:
n
FTP server
n
HTTP/HTTPS server
n
NFS server
n
USB flash drive
n
CD-ROM drive
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Enter Boot Options to Start an Installation or Upgrade Script
You can start an installation or upgrade script by typing boot options at the ESXi installer boot command
line.
At boot time you might need to specify options to access the kickstart file. You can enter boot options by
pressing Shift+O in the boot loader. For a PXE boot installation, you can pass options through the
kernelopts line of the boot.cfg file. See “About the boot.cfg File,” on page 159 and “PXE Booting the ESXi
Installer,” on page 125.
To specify the location of the installation script, set the ks=filepath option, where filepath is indicates the
location of your Kickstart file. Otherwise, a scripted installation or upgrade cannot start. If ks=filepath is
omitted, the text installer is run.
Supported boot options are listed in “Boot Options,” on page 151.
Procedure
1
Start the host.
2
When the ESXi installer window appears, press Shift+O to edit boot options.
3
At the runweasel command prompt, type
ks=location of installation script plus boot command-line options.
Example: Boot Option
You type the following boot options:
ks=http://00.00.00.00/kickstart/ks-osdc-pdp101.cfg nameserver=00.00.0.0 ip=00.00.00.000
netmask=255.255.255.0 gateway=00.00.00.000
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Boot Options
When you perform a scripted installation, you might need to specify options at boot time to access the
kickstart file.
Supported Boot Options
Table 9‑1. Boot Options for ESXi Installation
Boot Option
Description
BOOTIF=hwtype-MAC address
Similar to the netdevice option, except in the PXELINUX
format as described in the IPAPPEND option under
SYSLINUX at the syslinux.zytor.com site.
gateway=ip address
Sets this network gateway as the default gateway to be used
for downloading the installation script and installation
media.
ip=ip address
Sets up a static IP address to be used for downloading the
installation script and the installation media. Note: the
PXELINUX format for this option is also supported. See the
IPAPPEND option under SYSLINUX at the
syslinux.zytor.com site.
ks=cdrom:/path
Performs a scripted installation with the script at path,
which resides on the CD in the CD-ROM drive. Each
CDROM is mounted and checked until the file that matches
the path is found.
ks=file://path
Performs a scripted installation with the script at path.
ks=protocol://serverpath
Performs a scripted installation with a script located on the
network at the given URL. protocol can be http, https, ftp,
or nfs. An example using nfs protocol is
ks=nfs://host:porturl-path. The format of an NFS URL
is specified in RFC 2224.
ks=usb
Performs a scripted installation, accessing the script from an
attached USB drive. Searches for a file named ks.cfg. The
file must be located in the root directory of the drive. If
multiple USB flash drives are attached, they are searched
until the ks.cfg file is found. Only FAT16 and FAT32 file
systems are supported.
ks=usb:/path
Performs a scripted installation with the script file at the
specified path, which resides on USB.
ksdevice=device
Tries to use a network adapter device when looking for an
installation script and installation media. Specify as a MAC
address, for example, 00:50:56:C0:00:01. This location can
also be a vmnicNN name. If not specified and files need to
be retrieved over the network, the installer defaults to the
first discovered network adapter that is plugged in.
nameserver=ip address
Specifies a domain name server to be used for downloading
the installation script and installation media.
netdevice=device
Tries to use a network adapter device when looking for an
installation script and installation media. Specify as a MAC
address, for example, 00:50:56:C0:00:01. This location can
also be a vmnicNN name. If not specified and files need to
be retrieved over the network, the installer defaults to the
first discovered network adapter that is plugged in.
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Table 9‑1. Boot Options for ESXi Installation (Continued)
Boot Option
Description
netmask=subnet mask
Specifies subnet mask for the network interface that
downloads the installation script and the installation media.
vlanid=vlanid
Configure the network card to be on the specified VLAN.
About Installation and Upgrade Scripts
The installation/upgrade script is a text file, for example ks.cfg, that contains supported commands.
The command section of the script contains the ESXi installation options. This section is required and must
appear first in the script.
Locations Supported for Installation or Upgrade Scripts
In scripted installations and upgrades, the ESXi installer can access the installation or upgrade script, also
called the kickstart file, from several locations.
The following locations are supported for the installation or upgrade script:
n
CD/DVD. See “Create an Installer ISO Image with a Custom Installation or Upgrade Script,” on
page 124.
n
USB Flash drive. See “Create a USB Flash Drive to Store the ESXi Installation Script or Upgrade Script,”
on page 123.
n
A network location accessible through the following protocols: NFS, HTTP, HTTPS, FTP
Path to the Installation or Upgrade Script
You can specify the path to an installation or upgrade script.
ks=http://XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX/kickstart/KS.CFG is the path to the ESXi installation script, where
XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX is the IP address of the machine where the script resides. See “About Installation and
Upgrade Scripts,” on page 152.
To start an installation script from an interactive installation, you enter the ks= option manually. See “Enter
Boot Options to Start an Installation or Upgrade Script,” on page 150.
Installation and Upgrade Script Commands
To modify the default installation or upgrade script or to create your own script, use supported commands.
Use supported commands in the installation script, which you specify with a boot command when you boot
the installer.
To determine which disk to install or upgrade ESXi on, the installation script requires one of the following
commands: install, upgrade, or installorupgrade. The install command creates the default partitions,
including a VMFS datastore that occupies all available space after the other partitions are created.
accepteula or vmaccepteula (required)
Accepts the ESXi license agreement.
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clearpart (optional)
Clears any existing partitions on the disk. Requires the install command to be specified. Carefully edit the
clearpart command in your existing scripts.
--drives=
Remove partitions on the specified drives.
--alldrives
Ignores the --drives= requirement and allows clearing of partitions on every
drive.
--ignoredrives=
Removes partitions on all drives except those specified. Required unless the
--drives= or --alldrives flag is specified.
--overwritevmfs
Allows overwriting of VMFS partitions on the specified drives. By default,
overwriting VMFS partitions is not allowed.
--firstdisk=
disk-type1
Partitions the first eligible disk found. By default, the eligible disks are set to
the following order:
[disk-type2,...]
1
Locally attached storage (local)
2
Network storage (remote)
3
USB disks (usb)
You can change the order of the disks by using a comma-separated list
appended to the argument. If you provide a filter list, the default settings are
overridden. You can combine filters to specify a particular disk, including
esx for the first disk with ESXi installed on it, model and vendor
information, or the name of the VMkernel device driver. For example, to
prefer a disk with the model name ST3120814A and any disk that uses the
mptsas driver rather than a normal local disk, the argument is
--firstdisk=ST3120814A,mptsas,local.
dryrun (optional)
Parses and checks the installation script. Does not perform the installation.
install
Specifies that this is a fresh installation. Replaces the deprecated autopart command used for ESXi 4.1
scripted installations. Either the install, upgrade, or installorupgrade command is required to determine
which disk to install or upgrade ESXi on.
--disk= or --drive=
Specifies the disk to partition. In the command --disk=diskname, the diskname
can be in any of the forms shown in the following examples:
n
Path: --disk=/vmfs/devices/disks/mpx.vmhba1:C0:T0:L0
n
MPX name: --disk=mpx.vmhba1:C0:T0:L0
n
VML name: --disk=vml.000000034211234
n
vmkLUN UID: --disk=vmkLUN_UID
For accepted disk name formats, see “Disk Device Names,” on page 159.
--firstdisk=
disk-type1,
Partitions the first eligible disk found. By default, the eligible disks are set to
the following order:
[disk-type2,...]
1
Locally attached storage (local)
2
Network storage (remote)
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3
USB disks (usb)
You can change the order of the disks by using a comma-separated list
appended to the argument. If you provide a filter list, the default settings are
overridden. You can combine filters to specify a particular disk, including
esx for the first disk with ESX installed on it, model and vendor information,
or the name of the vmkernel device driver. For example, to prefer a disk with
the model name ST3120814A and any disk that uses the mptsas driver rather
than a normal local disk, the argument is
--firstdisk=ST3120814A,mptsas,local.
--ignoressd
Excludes solid-state disks from eligibility for partitioning. This option can be
used with the install command and the --firstdisk option. This option
takes precedence over the --firstdisk option. This option is invalid with
the --drive or --disk options and with the upgrade and installorupgrade
commands. See the vSphere Storage documentation for more information
about preventing SSD formatting during auto-partitioning.
--overwritevsan
You must use the --overwritevsan option when you install ESXi on a disk,
either SSD or HDD (magnetic), that is in a Virtual SAN disk group. If you use
this option and no Virtual SAN partition is on the selected disk, the
installation will fail. When you install ESXi on a disk that is in Virtual SAN
disk group, the result depends on the disk that you select:
n
If you select an SSD, the SSD and all underlying HDDs in the same disk
group will be wiped.
n
If you select an HDD, and the disk group size is greater than two, only
the selected HDD will be wiped.
n
If you select an HDD disk, and the disk group size is two or less, the SSD
and the selected HDD will be wiped.
For more information about managing Virtual SAN disk groups, see the
vSphere Storage documentation.
--overwritevmfs
Required to overwrite an existing VMFS datastore on the disk before
installation.
--preservevmfs
Preserves an existing VMFS datastore on the disk during installation.
--novmfsondisk
Prevents a VMFS partition from being created on this disk. Must be used
with --overwritevmfs if a VMFS partition already exists on the disk.
installorupgrade
Either the install, upgrade, or installorupgrade command is required to determine which disk to install or
upgrade ESXi on.
--disk= or --drive=
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Specifies the disk to partition. In the command --disk=diskname, the diskname
can be in any of the forms shown in the following examples:
n
Path: --disk=/vmfs/devices/disks/mpx.vmhba1:C0:T0:L0
n
MPX name: --disk=mpx.vmhba1:C0:T0:L0
n
VML name: --disk=vml.000000034211234
n
vmkLUN UID: --disk=vmkLUN_UID
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For accepted disk name formats, see “Disk Device Names,” on page 159.
--firstdisk=
disk-type1,
Partitions the first eligible disk found. By default, the eligible disks are set to
the following order:
[disk-type2,...]
1
Locally attached storage (local)
2
Network storage (remote)
3
USB disks (usb)
You can change the order of the disks by using a comma-separated list
appended to the argument. If you provide a filter list, the default settings are
overridden. You can combine filters to specify a particular disk, including
esx for the first disk with ESX installed on it, model and vendor information,
or the name of the vmkernel device driver. For example, to prefer a disk with
the model name ST3120814A and any disk that uses the mptsas driver rather
than a normal local disk, the argument is
--firstdisk=ST3120814A,mptsas,local.
--overwritevsan
You must use the --overwritevsan option when you install ESXi on a disk,
either SSD or HDD (magnetic), that is in a Virtual SAN disk group. If you use
this option and no Virtual SAN partition is on the selected disk, the
installation will fail. When you install ESXi on a disk that is in a Virtual SAN
disk group, the result depends on the disk that you select:
n
If you select an SSD, the SSD and all underlying HDDs in the same disk
group will be wiped.
n
If you select an HDD, and the disk group size is greater than two, only
the selected HDD will be wiped.
n
If you select an HDD disk, and the disk group size is two or less, the SSD
and the selected HDD will be wiped.
For more information about managing Virtual SAN disk groups, see the
vSphere Storage documentation.
--overwritevmfs
Install ESXi if a VMFS partition exists on the disk, but no ESX or ESXi
installation exists. Unless this option is present, the installer will fail if a
VMFS partition exists on the disk, but no ESX or ESXi installation exists.
keyboard (optional)
Sets the keyboard type for the system.
keyboardType
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Specifies the keyboard map for the selected keyboard type. keyboardType
must be one of the following types.
n
Belgian
n
Brazilian
n
Croatian
n
Czechoslovakian
n
Danish
n
Default
n
Estonian
n
Finnish
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n
French
n
German
n
Greek
n
Icelandic
n
Italian
n
Japanese
n
Latin American
n
Norwegian
n
Polish
n
Portuguese
n
Russian
n
Slovenian
n
Spanish
n
Swedish
n
Swiss French
n
Swiss German
n
Turkish
n
US Dvorak
n
Ukrainian
n
United Kingdom
serialnum or vmserialnum (optional)
Deprecated in ESXi 5.0.x. Supported in ESXi 5.1 and later. Configures licensing. If not included, ESXi installs
in evaluation mode.
--esx=<license-key>
Specifies the vSphere license key to use. The format is 5 five-character groups
(XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX).
network (optional)
Specifies a network address for the system.
--bootproto=[dhcp|
static]
--device=
Specifies either the MAC address of the network card or the device name, in
the form vmnicNN, as in vmnic0. This options refers to the uplink device for the
virtual switch.
--ip=
Sets an IP address for the machine to be installed, in the form
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx. Required with the --bootproto=static option and
ignored otherwise.
--gateway=
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Specifies whether to obtain the network settings from DHCP or set them
manually.
Designates the default gateway as an IP address, in the form
xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx. Used with the --bootproto=static option.
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--nameserver=
Designates the primary name server as an IP address. Used with the -bootproto=static option. Omit this option if you do not intend to use DNS.
The --nameserver option can accept two IP addresses. For example: -nameserver="10.126.87.104[,10.126.87.120]"
--netmask=
Specifies the subnet mask for the installed system, in the form
255.xxx.xxx.xxx. Used with the --bootproto=static option.
--hostname=
Specifies the host name for the installed system.
--vlanid= vlanid
Specifies which VLAN the system is on. Used with either the
--bootproto=dhcp or --bootproto=static option. Set to an integer from 1
to 4096.
--addvmportgroup=(0|1)
Specifies whether to add the VM Network port group, which is used by
virtual machines. The default value is 1.
paranoid (optional)
Causes warning messages to interrupt the installation. If you omit this command, warning messages are
logged.
part or partition (optional)
Creates an additional VMFS datastore on the system. Only one datastore per disk can be created. Cannot be
used on the same disk as the install command. Only one partition can be specified per disk and it can only
be a VMFS partition.
datastore name
Specifies where the partition is to be mounted.
--ondisk= or --ondrive=
Specifies the disk or drive where the partition is created.
--firstdisk=
disk-type1,
Partitions the first eligible disk found. By default, the eligible disks are set to
the following order:
[disk-type2,...]
1
Locally attached storage (local)
2
Network storage (remote)
3
USB disks (usb)
You can change the order of the disks by using a comma-separated list
appended to the argument. If you provide a filter list, the default settings are
overridden. You can combine filters to specify a particular disk, including
esx for the first disk with ESX installed on it, model and vendor information,
or the name of the vmkernel device driver. For example, to prefer a disk with
the model name ST3120814A and any disk that uses the mptsas driver rather
than a normal local disk, the argument is
--firstdisk=ST3120814A,mptsas,local.
reboot (optional)
Reboots the machine after the scripted installation is complete.
<--noeject>
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The CD is not ejected after the installation.
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rootpw (required)
Sets the root password for the system.
--iscrypted
Specifies that the password is encrypted.
password
Specifies the password value.
upgrade
Either the install, upgrade, or installorupgrade command is required to determine which disk to install or
upgrade ESXi on.
--disk= or --drive=
Specifies the disk to partition. In the command --disk=diskname, the diskname
can be in any of the forms shown in the following examples:
n
Path: --disk=/vmfs/devices/disks/mpx.vmhba1:C0:T0:L0
n
MPX name: --disk=mpx.vmhba1:C0:T0:L0
n
VML name: --disk=vml.000000034211234
n
vmkLUN UID:--disk=vmkLUN_UID
For accepted disk name formats, see “Disk Device Names,” on page 159.
--firstdisk=
disk-type1,
Partitions the first eligible disk found. By default, the eligible disks are set to
the following order:
[disk-type2,...]
1
Locally attached storage (local)
2
Network storage (remote)
3
USB disks (usb)
You can change the order of the disks by using a comma-separated list
appended to the argument. If you provide a filter list, the default settings are
overridden. You can combine filters to specify a particular disk, including
esx for the first disk with ESX installed on it, model and vendor information,
or the name of the vmkernel device driver. For example, to prefer a disk with
the model name ST3120814A and any disk that uses the mptsas driver rather
than a normal local disk, the argument is
--firstdisk=ST3120814A,mptsas,local.
%include or include (optional)
Specifies another installation script to parse. This command is treated similarly to a multiline command, but
takes only one argument.
filename
For example: %include part.cfg
%pre (optional)
Specifies a script to run before the kickstart configuration is evaluated. For example, you can use it to
generate files for the kickstart file to include.
--interpreter
Specifies an interpreter to use. The default is busybox.
=[python|busybox]
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%post (optional)
Runs the specified script after package installation is complete. If you specify multiple %post sections, they
run in the order that they appear in the installation script.
--interpreter
Specifies an interpreter to use. The default is busybox.
=[python|busybox]
--timeout=secs
Specifies a timeout for running the script. If the script is not finished when
the timeout expires, the script is forcefully terminated.
--ignorefailure
If true, the installation is considered a success even if the %post script
terminated with an error.
=[true|false]
%firstboot
Creates an init script that runs only during the first boot. The script has no effect on subsequent boots. If
multiple %firstboot sections are specified, they run in the order that they appear in the kickstart file.
NOTE You cannot check the semantics of %firstboot scripts until the system is booting for the first time. A
%firstboot script might contain potentially catastrophic errors that are not exposed until after the
installation is complete.
--interpreter
Specifies an interpreter to use. The default is busybox.
=[python|busybox]
NOTE You cannot check the semantics of the %firstboot script until the system boots for the first time. If the
script contains errors, they are not exposed until after the installation is complete.
Disk Device Names
The install, upgrade, and installorupgrade installation script commands require the use of disk device
names.
Table 9‑2. Disk Device Names
Format
Example
Description
VML
vml.00025261
The device name as reported by
the VMkernel
MPX
mpx.vmhba0:C0:T0:L0
The device name
About the boot.cfg File
The boot loader configuration file boot.cfg specifies the kernel, the kernel options, and the boot modules
that the mboot.c32 boot loader uses in an ESXi installation.
The boot.cfg file is provided in the ESXi installer. You can modify the kernelopt line of the boot.cfg file to
specify the location of an installation script or to pass other boot options.
The boot.cfg file has the following syntax:
# boot.cfg -- mboot configuration file
#
# Any line preceded with '#' is a comment.
title=STRING
kernel=FILEPATH
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kernelopt=STRING
modules=FILEPATH1 --- FILEPATH2... --- FILEPATHn
# Any other line must remain unchanged.
The commands in boot.cfg configure the boot loader.
Table 9‑3. Commands in boot.cfg .
Command
Description
title=STRING
Sets the boot loader title to STRING.
kernel=FILEPATH
Sets the kernel path to FILEPATH.
kernelopt=STRING
Appends STRING to the kernel boot options.
modules=FILEPATH1 --- FILEPATH2... --FILEPATHn
Lists the modules to be loaded, separated by three hyphens
(---).
See “Create an Installer ISO Image with a Custom Installation or Upgrade Script,” on page 124, “PXE Boot
the ESXi Installer by Using PXELINUX and a PXE Configuration File,” on page 128, “PXE Boot the ESXi
Installer by Using PXELINUX and an isolinux.cfg PXE Configuration File,” on page 130, and “PXE Booting
the ESXi Installer,” on page 125.
Install or Upgrade ESXi from a CD or DVD by Using a Script
You can install or upgrade ESXi from a CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive by using a script that specifies the
installation or upgrade options.
You can start the installation or upgrade script by entering a boot option when you start the host. You can
also create an installer ISO image that includes the installation script. With an installer ISO image, you can
perform a scripted, unattended installation when you boot the resulting installer ISO image. See “Create an
Installer ISO Image with a Custom Installation or Upgrade Script,” on page 124.
Prerequisites
Before you run the scripted installation or upgrade, verify that the following prerequisites are met:
n
The system on which you are installing or upgrading meets the hardware requirements. See “ESXi
Hardware Requirements,” on page 37.
n
You have the ESXi installer ISO on an installation CD or DVD . See “Download and Burn the ESXi
Installer ISO Image to a CD or DVD,” on page 121.
n
The default installation or upgrade script (ks.cfg) or a custom installation or upgrade script is
accessible to the system. See “About Installation and Upgrade Scripts,” on page 152.
n
You have selected a boot command to run the scripted installation or upgrade. See “Enter Boot Options
to Start an Installation or Upgrade Script,” on page 150. For a complete list of boot commands, see “Boot
Options,” on page 151.
Procedure
1
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Boot the ESXi installer from the local CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive.
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2
When the ESXi installer window appears, press Shift+O to edit boot options.
3
Type a boot option that calls the default installation or upgrade script or an installation or upgrade
script file that you created.
The boot option has the form ks=.
4
Press Enter.
The installation, upgrade, or migration runs, using the options that you specified.
Install or Upgrade ESXi from a USB Flash Drive by Using a Script
You can install or upgrade ESXi from a USB flash drive by using a script that specifies the installation or
upgrade options.
Supported boot options are listed in “Boot Options,” on page 151.
Prerequisites
Before running the scripted installation or upgrade, verify that the following prerequisites are met:
n
The system that you are installing or upgrading to ESXi meets the hardware requirements for the
installation or upgrade. See “ESXi Hardware Requirements,” on page 37.
n
You have the ESXi installer ISO on a bootable USB flash drive. See “Format a USB Flash Drive to Boot
the ESXi Installation or Upgrade,” on page 121.
n
The default installation or upgrade script (ks.cfg) or a custom installation or upgrade script is
accessible to the system. See “About Installation and Upgrade Scripts,” on page 152.
n
You have selected a boot option to run the scripted installation, upgrade, or migration. See “Enter Boot
Options to Start an Installation or Upgrade Script,” on page 150.
Procedure
1
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Boot the ESXi installer from the USB flash drive.
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2
When the ESXi installer window appears, press Shift+O to edit boot options.
3
Type a boot option that calls the default installation or upgrade script or an installation or upgrade
script file that you created.
The boot option has the form ks=.
4
Press Enter.
The installation, upgrade, or migration runs, using the options that you specified.
Performing a Scripted Installation or Upgrade of ESXi by Using PXE to Boot the
Installer
ESXi 6.0 provides many options for using PXE to boot the installer and using an installation or upgrade
script.
n
For information about setting up a PXE infrastructure, see “PXE Booting the ESXi Installer,” on
page 125.
n
For information about creating and locating an installation script, see “About Installation and Upgrade
Scripts,” on page 152.
n
For specific procedures to use PXE to boot the ESXi installer and use an installation script, see one of the
following topics:
n
n
“PXE Boot the ESXi Installer by Using PXELINUX and an isolinux.cfg PXE Configuration File,” on
page 130
n
“PXE Boot the ESXi Installer by Using PXELINUX and a PXE Configuration File,” on page 128
n
“PXE Boot the ESXi Installer Using gPXE,” on page 131
For information about using vSphere Auto Deploy to perform a scripted upgrade by using PXE to boot,
see “Using vSphere Auto Deploy to Reprovision Hosts,” on page 162.
Using vSphere Auto Deploy to Reprovision Hosts
If a host was deployed using vSphere Auto Deploy, you can use Auto Deploy to reprovision the host with a
new image profile that contains a different version of ESXi. You can use the ESXi Image Builder PowerCLI
to create and manage image profiles.
NOTE If you upgrade the host to use an ESXi 6.0 or later image, the Auto Deploy server provisions the ESXi
host with certificates that are signed by VMCA. If you are currently using custom certificates, you can set up
the host to use the custom certificates after the upgrade.
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The Auto Deploy server is automatically upgraded if you upgrade the corresponding vCenter Server system
to version 6. Starting with version 6, the Auto Deploy server is always on the same management node as the
vCenter Server system.
Reprovisioning Hosts
vSphere Auto Deploy supports multiple reprovisioning options. You can perform a simple reboot or
reprovision with a different image profile or a different host profile.
A first boot using Auto Deploy requires that you set up your environment and add rules to the rule set. See
the topic "Preparing for vSphere Auto Deploy" in the vSphere installation and Setup documentation.
The following reprovisioning operations are available.
n
Simple reboot.
n
Reboot of hosts for which the user answered questions during the boot operation.
n
Reprovision with a different image profile.
n
Reprovision with a different host profile.
Reprovision Hosts with Simple Reboot Operations
A simple reboot of a host that is provisioned with Auto Deploy requires only that all prerequisites are still
met. The process uses the previously assigned image profile, host profile, and vCenter Server location.
Setup includes DHCP server setup, writing rules, and making an image profile available to the Auto Deploy
infrastructure.
Prerequisites
Make sure the setup you performed during the first boot operation is in place.
Procedure
1
Check that the image profile and host profile for the host are still available, and that the host has the
identifying information (asset tag, IP address) it had during previous boot operations.
2
Place the host in maintenance mode.
3
Host Type
Action
Host is part of a DRS cluster
VMware DRS migrates virtual machines to appropriate hosts when you
place the host in maintenance mode.
Host is not part of a DRS cluster
You must migrate all virtual machines to different hosts and place each
host in maintenance mode.
Reboot the host.
The host shuts down. When the host reboots, it uses the image profile that the Auto Deploy server provides.
The Auto Deploy server also applies the host profile stored on the vCenter Server system.
Reprovision a Host with a New Image Profile
You can reprovision the host with a new image profile, host profile, or vCenter Server location by changing
the rule for the host and performing a test and repair compliance operation.
Several options for reprovisioning hosts exist.
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If the VIBs that you want to use support live update, you can use an esxcli software vib command. In
that case, you must also update the rule set to use an image profile that includes the new VIBs.
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n
During testing, you can apply an image profile to an individual host with the Apply-EsxImageProfile
cmdlet and reboot the host so the change takes effect. The Apply-EsxImageProfile cmdlet updates the
association between the host and the image profile but does not install VIBs on the host.
n
In all other cases, use this procedure.
Prerequisites
n
Create the image profile you want boot the host with. Use the Image Builder PowerCLI. See "Using
vSphere ESXi Image Builder CLI" in the vSphere Installation and Setup documentation.
n
Make sure that the setup that you performed during the first boot operation is in place.
Procedure
1
At the PowerShell prompt, run the Connect-VIServer PowerCLI cmdlet to connect to the vCenter Server
system that Auto Deploy is registered with.
Connect-VIServer myVCServer
The cmdlet might return a server certificate warning. In a production environment, make sure no server
certificate warnings result. In a development environment, you can ignore the warning.
2
Determine the location of a public software depot that contains the image profile that you want to use,
or define a custom image profile with the Image Builder PowerCLI.
3
Run Add-EsxSoftwareDepot to add the software depot that contains the image profile to the PowerCLI
session.
Depot Type
Cmdlet
Remote depot
Run Add-EsxSoftwareDepot depot_url.
ZIP file
a
b
Download the ZIP file to a local file path or create a mount point local
to the PowerCLI machine.
Run
Add-EsxSoftwareDepot C:\file_path\my_offline_depot.zip.
4
Run Get-EsxImageProfile to see a list of image profiles, and decide which profile you want to use.
5
Run Copy-DeployRule and specify the ReplaceItem parameter to change the rule that assigns an image
profile to hosts.
The following cmdlet replaces the current image profile that the rule assigns to the host with the
my_new_imageprofile profile. After the cmdlet completes, myrule assigns the new image profile to hosts.
The old version of myrule is renamed and hidden.
Copy-DeployRule myrule -ReplaceItem my_new_imageprofile
6
Test and repair rule compliance for each host that you want to deploy the image to.
See “Test and Repair Rule Compliance,” on page 165.
When you reboot hosts after compliance repair, Auto Deploy provisions the hosts with the new image
profile.
Write a Rule and Assign a Host Profile to Hosts
Auto Deploy can assign a host profile to one or more hosts. The host profile might include information
about storage configuration, network configuration, or other characteristics of the host. If you add a host to a
cluster, that cluster's host profile is used.
In many cases, you assign a host to a cluster instead of specifying a host profile explicitly. The host uses the
host profile of the cluster.
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Prerequisites
n
Install vSphere PowerCLI and all prerequisite software. For information see vSphere Installation and
Setup.
n
Export the host profile that you want to use.
Procedure
1
Run the Connect-VIServer vSphere PowerCLI cmdlet to connect to the vCenter Server system that Auto
Deploy is registered with.
Connect-VIServer 192.XXX.X.XX
The cmdlet might return a server certificate warning. In a production environment, make sure no server
certificate warnings result. In a development environment, you can ignore the warning.
2
Using the vSphere Web Client, set up a host with the settings you want to use and create a host profile
from that host.
3
Find the name of the host profile by running Get-VMhostProfile vSphere PowerCLI cmdlet, passing in
the ESXi host from which you create a host profile.
4
At the vSphere PowerCLI prompt, define a rule in which host profiles are assigned to hosts with certain
attributes, for example a range of IP addresses.
New-DeployRule -Name "testrule2" -Item my_host_profile -Pattern "vendor=Acme,Zven",
"ipv4=192.XXX.1.10-192.XXX.1.20"
The specified item is assigned to all hosts with the specified attributes. This example specifies a rule
named testrule2. The rule assigns the specified host profile my_host_profile to all hosts with an IP
address inside the specified range and with a manufacturer of Acme or Zven.
5
Add the rule to the rule set.
Add-DeployRule testrule2
By default, the working rule set becomes the active rule set, and any changes to the rule set become
active when you add a rule. If you use the NoActivate parameter, the working rule set does not become
the active rule set.
What to do next
n
Assign a host already provisioned with Auto Deploy to the new host profile by performing compliance
test and repair operations on those hosts. For more information, see “Test and Repair Rule
Compliance,” on page 165.
n
Power on unprovisioned hosts to provision them with the host profile.
Test and Repair Rule Compliance
When you add a rule to the Auto Deploy rule set or make changes to one or more rules, hosts are not
updated automatically. Auto Deploy applies the new rules only when you test their rule compliance and
perform remediation.
Prerequisites
n
Install vSphere PowerCLI and all prerequisite software.
n
Verify that your infrastructure includes one or more ESXi hosts provisioned with Auto Deploy, and that
the host on which you installed vSphere PowerCLI can access those ESXi hosts.
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Procedure
1
Use vSphere PowerCLI to check which Auto Deploy rules are currently available.
Get-DeployRule
The system returns the rules and the associated items and patterns.
2
Make a change to one of the available rules.
For example, you can change the image profile and the name of the rule.
Copy-DeployRule -DeployRule testrule -ReplaceItem MyNewProfile
You cannot edit a rule already added to a rule set. Instead, you copy the rule and replace the item or
pattern you want to change.
3
Verify that you can access the host for which you want to test rule set compliance.
Get-VMHost -Name MyEsxi42
4
Run the cmdlet that tests rule set compliance for the host, and bind the return value to a variable for
later use.
$tr = Test-DeployRuleSetCompliance MyEsxi42
5
Examine the differences between the contents of the rule set and configuration of the host.
$tr.itemlist
The system returns a table of current and expected items.
CurrentItem
----------My Profile 25
6
ExpectedItem
-----------MyProfileUpdate
Remediate the host to use the revised rule set the next time you boot the host.
Repair-DeployRuleSetCompliance $tr
What to do next
If the rule you changed specified the inventory location, the change takes effect when you repair
compliance. For all other changes, boot your host to have Auto Deploy apply the new rule and to achieve
compliance between the rule set and the host.
Upgrading Hosts by Using esxcli Commands
By using vSphere CLI, you can upgrade ESXi 5.x host to version 6.0 and update or patch ESXi 5.x and 6.0
hosts.
To use esxcli commands for vCLI , you must install vSphere CLI (vCLI). For more information about
installing and using the vCLI, see the following documents:
n
Getting Started with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces
n
vSphere Command-Line Interface Concepts and Examples
n
vSphere Command-Line Interface Reference is a reference to vicfg- and related vCLI commands.
NOTE If you press Ctrl+C while an esxcli command is running, the command-line interface exits to a new
prompt without displaying a message. However, the command continues to run to completion.
For ESXi hosts deployed with vSphere Auto Deploy, the tools VIB must be part of the base booting image
used for the initial Auto Deploy installation. The tools VIB cannot be added separately later.
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VIBs, Image Profiles, and Software Depots
Upgrading ESXi with esxcli commands requires an understanding of VIBs, image profiles, and software
depots.
The following technical terms are used throughout the vSphere documentation set in discussions of
installation and upgrade tasks.
VIB
A VIB is an ESXi software package. VMware and its partners package
solutions, drivers, CIM providers, and applications that extend the ESXi
platform as VIBs. VIBs are available in software depots. You can use VIBs to
create and customize ISO images or to upgrade ESXi hosts by installing VIBs
asynchronously onto the hosts.
Image Profile
An image profile defines an ESXi image and consists of VIBs. An image
profile always includes a base VIB, and might include more VIBs. You
examine and define an image profile by using vSphere ESXi Image Builder.
Software Depot
A software depot is a collection of VIBs and image profiles. The software
depot is a hierarchy of files and folders and can be available through an
HTTP URL (online depot) or a ZIP file (offline depot). VMware and VMware
partners make depots available. Companies with large VMware installations
might create internal depots to provision ESXi hosts with vSphere Auto
Deploy, or to export an ISO for ESXi installation.
Understanding Acceptance Levels for VIBS and Hosts
Each VIB is released with an acceptance level that cannot be changed. The host acceptance level determines
which VIBs can be installed to a host.
The acceptance level applies to individual VIBs installed by using the esxcli software vib install and
esxcli software vib update commands, to VIBs installed using vSphere Update Manager, and to VIBs in
image profiles.
The acceptance level of all VIBs on a host must be at least as high as the host acceptance level. For example,
if the host acceptance level is VMwareAccepted, you can install VIBs with acceptance levels of
VMwareCertified and VMwareAccepted, but you cannot install VIBs with acceptance levels of
PartnerSupported or CommunitySupported. To install a VIB with a less restrictive acceptance level than that
of the host, you can change the acceptance level of the host by using the vSphere Web Client or by running
esxcli software acceptance commands.
Setting host acceptance levels is a best practice that allows you to specify which VIBs can be installed on a
host and used with an image profile, and the level of support you can expect for a VIB. For example, you
would probably set a more restrictive acceptance level for hosts in a production environment than for hosts
in a testing environment.
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VMware supports the following acceptance levels.
VMwareCertified
The VMwareCertified acceptance level has the most stringent requirements.
VIBs with this level go through thorough testing fully equivalent to VMware
in-house Quality Assurance testing for the same technology. Today, only
IOVP drivers are published at this level. VMware takes support calls for VIBs
with this acceptance level.
VMwareAccepted
VIBs with this acceptance level go through verification testing, but the tests
do not fully test every function of the software. The partner runs the tests
and VMware verifies the result. Today, CIM providers and PSA plug-ins are
among the VIBs published at this level. VMware directs support calls for
VIBs with this acceptance level to the partner's support organization.
PartnerSupported
VIBs with the PartnerSupported acceptance level are published by a partner
that VMware trusts. The partner performs all testing. VMware does not
verify the results. This level is used for a new or nonmainstream technology
that partners want to enable for VMware systems. Today, driver VIB
technologies such as Infiniband, ATAoE, and SSD are at this level with
nonstandard hardware drivers. VMware directs support calls for VIBs with
this acceptance level to the partner's support organization.
CommunitySupported
The CommunitySupported acceptance level is for VIBs created by
individuals or companies outside of VMware partner programs. VIBs at this
level have not gone through any VMware-approved testing program and are
not supported by VMware Technical Support or by a VMware partner.
Table 9‑4. VIB Acceptance Levels Required to Install on Hosts
Host Acceptance
Level
VMwareCertified
VIB
VMwareAccepted
VIB
PartnerSupported
VIB
VMwareCertified
x
VMwareAccepted
x
x
PartnerSupported
x
x
x
CommunitySupported
x
x
x
CommunitySupporte
d VIB
x
Match a Host Acceptance Level with an Update Acceptance Level
You can change the host acceptance level to match the acceptance level for a VIB or image profile that you
want to install. The acceptance level of all VIBs on a host must be at least as high as the host acceptance
level.
Use this procedure to determine the acceptance levels of the host and the VIB or image profile to install, and
to change the acceptance level of the host, if necessary for the update.
When you specify a target server by using --server=server_name, the server prompts you for a user name
and password. Other connection options, such as a configuration file or session file, are supported. For a list
of connection options, see Getting Started with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces, or run esxcli --help at the
vCLI command prompt.
Prerequisites
Install vCLI or deploy the vSphere Management Assistant (vMA) virtual machine. See Getting Started with
vSphere Command-Line Interfaces. For troubleshooting, run esxcli commands in the ESXi Shell.
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Procedure
1
2
Retrieve the acceptance level for the VIB or image profile.
Option
Description
List information for all VIBs
esxcli --server=server_name software sources vib list -depot=depot_URL
List information for a specified VIB
esxcli --server=server_name software sources vib list -viburl=vib_URL
List information for all image
profiles
esxcli --server=server_name software sources profile list
--depot=depot_URL
List information for a specified
image profile
esxcli --server=server_name software sources profile get -depot=depot_URL --profile=profile_name
Retrieve the host acceptance level.
esxcli --server=server_name software acceptance get
3
(Optional) If the acceptance level of the VIB is more restrictive than the acceptance level of the host,
change the acceptance level of the host.
esxcli --server=server_name software acceptance set --level=acceptance_level
The acceptance_level can be VMwareCertified, VMwareAccepted, PartnerSupported, or
CommunitySupported. The values for acceptance_level are case-sensitive.
NOTE You can use the --force option for the esxcli software vib or esxcli software profile
command to add a VIB or image profile with a lower acceptance level than the host. A warning will
appear. Because your setup is no longer consistent, the warning is repeated when you install VIBs,
remove VIBs, and perform certain other operations on the host.
Determine Whether an Update Requires the Host to Be in Maintenance Mode or
to Be Rebooted
VIBs that you can install with live install do not require the host to be rebooted, but might require the host
to be placed in maintenance mode. Other VIBs and profiles might require the host to be rebooted after the
installation or update.
When you specify a target server by using --server=server_name, the server prompts you for a user name
and password. Other connection options, such as a configuration file or session file, are supported. For a list
of connection options, see Getting Started with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces, or run esxcli --help at the
vCLI command prompt.
Prerequisites
Install vCLI or deploy the vSphere Management Assistant (vMA) virtual machine. See Getting Started with
vSphere Command-Line Interfaces. For troubleshooting, run esxcli commands in the ESXi Shell.
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Procedure
1
Check whether the VIB or image profile that you want to install requires the host to be placed in
maintenance mode or to be rebooted after the installation or update.
Run one of the following commands.
2
Option
Description
Check the VIB
esxcli --server=server_name software sources vib get -v
absolute_path_to_vib
Check the VIBs in a depot
esxcli --server=server_name software sources vib get -depot=depot_name
Check the image profile in a depot
esxcli --server=server_name software sources profile get -depot=depot_name
Review the return values.
The return values, which are read from the VIB metadata, indicate whether the host must be in
maintenance mode before installing the VIB or image profile, and whether installing the VIB or profile
requires the host to be rebooted.
NOTE vSphere Update Manager relies on the esxupdate/esxcli scan result to determine whether
maintenance mode is required or not. When you install a VIB on a live system, if the value for LiveInstall-Allowed is set to false, the installation result will instruct Update Manager to reboot the host.
When you remove a VIB from a live system, if the value for Live-Remove-Allowed is set to false, the
removal result will instruct Update Manager to reboot the host. In either case, during the reboot,
Update Manager will automatically put the host into maintenance mode.
What to do next
If necessary, place the host in maintenance mode. See “Place a Host in Maintenance Mode,” on page 170. If
a reboot is required, and if the host belongs to a VMware HA cluster, remove the host from the cluster or
disable HA on the cluster before the installation or update.
Place a Host in Maintenance Mode
Some installation and update operations that use live install require the host to be in maintenance mode.
To determine whether an upgrade operation requires the host to be in maintenance mode, see “Determine
Whether an Update Requires the Host to Be in Maintenance Mode or to Be Rebooted,” on page 169
NOTE If the host is a member of a Virtual SAN cluster, and any virtual machine object on the host uses the
"Number of failures to tolerate=0" setting in its storage policy, the host might experience unusual delays
when entering maintenance mode. The delay occurs because Virtual SAN has to evacuate this object from
the host for the maintenance operation to complete successfully.
When you specify a target server by using --server=server_name, the server prompts you for a user name
and password. Other connection options, such as a configuration file or session file, are supported. For a list
of connection options, see Getting Started with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces, or run esxcli --help at the
vCLI command prompt.
Prerequisites
Install vCLI or deploy the vSphere Management Assistant (vMA) virtual machine. See Getting Started with
vSphere Command-Line Interfaces. For troubleshooting, run esxcli commands in the ESXi Shell.
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Procedure
1
Check whether the host is in maintenance mode.
vicfg-hostops --server=server_name --operation info
2
Power off each virtual machines running on the ESXi host.
Option
Command
To shut down the guest operating
system and then power off the
virtual machine
vmware-cmd --server=server_name path_to_vm stop soft
To force the power off operation
vmware-cmd --server=server_name path_to_vm stop hard
Alternatively, to avoid powering off virtual machines, you can migrate them to another host. See the
topic Migrating Virtual Machines in the vCenter Server and Host Management documentation.
3
Place the host in maintenance mode.
vicfg-hostops --server=server_name --operation enter
4
Verify that the host is in maintenance mode.
vicfg-hostops --server=server_name --operation info
Update a Host with Individual VIBs
You can update a host with VIBs stored in a software depot that is accessible through a URL or in an offline
ZIP depot.
IMPORTANT If you are updating ESXi from a zip bundle in a VMware-supplied depot, either online from the
VMware Web site or downloaded locally, VMware supports only the update method specified for VMwaresupplied depots in the topic “Upgrade or Update a Host with Image Profiles,” on page 172.
The esxcli software vib update and esxcli software vib install commands are not supported for
upgrade operations. See “Differences Between vSphere Upgrades and Updates,” on page 20 and “Upgrade
or Update a Host with Image Profiles,” on page 172.
When you specify a target server by using --server=server_name, the server prompts you for a user name
and password. Other connection options, such as a configuration file or session file, are supported. For a list
of connection options, see Getting Started with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces, or run esxcli --help at the
vCLI command prompt.
Prerequisites
n
Install vCLI or deploy the vSphere Management Assistant (vMA) virtual machine. See Getting Started
with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces. For troubleshooting, run esxcli commands in the ESXi Shell.
n
Determine whether the update requires the host to be in maintenance mode or to be rebooted. If
necessary, place the host in maintenance mode.
See “Determine Whether an Update Requires the Host to Be in Maintenance Mode or to Be Rebooted,”
on page 169. See “Place a Host in Maintenance Mode,” on page 170.
n
If the update requires a reboot, and if the host belongs to a VMware HA cluster, remove the host from
the cluster or disable HA on the cluster.
Procedure
1
Determine which VIBs are installed on the host.
esxcli --server=server_name software vib list
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2
Find out which VIBs are available in the depot.
Option
Description
from a depot accessible by URL
esxcli --server=server_name software sources vib list -depot=http://web_server/depot_name
from a local depot ZIP file
esxcli --server=server_name software sources vib list -depot=absolute_path_to_depot_zip_file
You can specify a proxy server by using the --proxy argument.
3
Update the existing VIBs to include the VIBs in the depot or install new VIBs.
Option
Description
Update VIBs from a depot
accessible by URL
esxcli --server=server_name software vib update -depot=http://web_server/depot_name
Update VIBs from a local depot ZIP
file
esxcli --server=server_name software vib update -depot=absolute_path_to_depot_ZIP_file
Install all VIBs from a ZIP file on a
specified offline depot (includes
both VMware VIBs and partnersupplied VIBs)
esxcli --server=server_name software vib install --depot
path_to_VMware_vib_ZIP_file\VMware_vib_ZIP_file --depot
path_to_partner_vib_ZIP_file\partner_vib_ZIP_file
Options for the update and install commands allow you to perform a dry run, to specify a specific VIB,
to bypass acceptance level verification, and so on. Do not bypass verification on production systems.
See the esxcli Reference at http://www.vmware.com/support/developer/vcli/.
4
Verify that the VIBs are installed on your ESXi host.
esxcli --server=server_name software vib list
Upgrade or Update a Host with Image Profiles
You can upgrade or update a host with image profiles stored in a software depot that is accessible through a
URL or in an offline ZIP depot.
You can use the esxcli software profile update or esxcli software profile install command to
upgrade or update an ESXi host. To understand the differences between upgrades and updates, see
“Differences Between vSphere Upgrades and Updates,” on page 20.
When you upgrade or update a host, the esxcli software profile update or
esxcli software profile install command applies a higher version (major or minor) of a full image
profile onto the host. After this operation and a reboot, the host can join to a vCenter Server environment of
the same higher version.
The esxcli software profile update command brings the entire contents of the ESXi host image to the
same level as the corresponding upgrade method using an ISO installer. However, the ISO installer
performs a pre-upgrade check for potential problems, and the esxcli upgrade method does not. The ISO
installer checks the host to make sure that it has sufficient memory for the upgrade, and does not have
unsupported devices connected. For more about the ISO installer and other ESXi upgrade methods, see
“Upgrade Options for ESXi 6.0,” on page 119.
IMPORTANT If you are upgrading or updating ESXi from a zip bundle in a VMware-supplied depot, either
online from the VMware Web site or downloaded locally, VMware supports only the update command
esxcli software profile update --depot=depot_location --profile=profile_name.
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When you specify a target server by using --server=server_name, the server prompts you for a user name
and password. Other connection options, such as a configuration file or session file, are supported. For a list
of connection options, see Getting Started with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces, or run esxcli --help at the
vCLI command prompt.
NOTE Options to the update and install commands allow you to perform a dry run, to specify a specific
VIB, to bypass acceptance level verification, and so on. Do not bypass verification on production systems.
See the vSphere Command-Line Interface Reference.
Prerequisites
n
Install vCLI or deploy the vSphere Management Assistant (vMA) virtual machine. See Getting Started
with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces. For troubleshooting, run esxcli commands in the ESXi Shell.
n
Determine whether the update requires the host to be in maintenance mode or to be rebooted. If
necessary, place the host in maintenance mode.
See “Determine Whether an Update Requires the Host to Be in Maintenance Mode or to Be Rebooted,”
on page 169. See “Place a Host in Maintenance Mode,” on page 170.
n
If the update requires a reboot, and if the host belongs to a VMware HA cluster, remove the host from
the cluster or disable HA on the cluster.
Procedure
1
Determine which VIBs are installed on the host.
esxcli --server=server_name software vib list
2
Determine which image profiles are available in the depot.
esxcli --server=server_name software sources profile list --depot=http://webserver/depot_name
You can specify a proxy server by using the --proxy argument.
3
Update the existing image profile to include the VIBs or install new VIBs.
IMPORTANT The software profile update command updates existing VIBS with the corresponding
VIBs from the specified profile, but does not affect other VIBs installed on the target server. The
software profile install command installs the VIBs present in the depot image profile, and removes
any other VIBS installed on the target server.
Option
Description
Update the image profile from a
VMware-supplied zip bundle, in a
depot, accessible online from the
VMware Web site or downloaded to
a local depot.
esxcli software profile update --depot=depot_location -profile=profile_name
IMPORTANT This is the only update method that VMware supports for zip
bundles supplied by VMware.
VMware-supplied zip bundle names take the form:
VMware-ESXi-6.0.0-build_number-depot.zip
The profile name for VMware-supplied zip bundles takes one of the
following forms.
n
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ESXi-6.0.0-build_number-standard
ESXi-6.0.0-build_number-notools (does not include VMware
Tools)
Update the image profile from a
depot accessible by URL
esxcli --server=server_name software profile update -depot=http://webserver/depot_name --profile=profile_name
Update the image profile from ZIP
file stored locally on the target
server
esxcli --server=server_name software profile update -depot=file:///<path_to_profile_ZIP_file>/<profile_ZIP_file>
--profile=profile_name
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Option
Description
Update the image profile from a ZIP
file on the target server, copied into
a datastore
esxcli --server=server_name software profile update -depot=“[datastore_name]profile_ZIP_file" -profile=profile_name
Update the image profile from a ZIP
file copied locally and applied on
the target server
esxcli --server=server_name software profile update -depot=/root_dir/path_to_profile_ZIP_file/profile_ZIP_file
--profile=profile_name
Install all new VIBs in a specified
profile accessible by URL
esxcli --server=server_name software profile install -depot=http://webserver/depot_name --profile=profile_name
Install all new VIBs in a specified
profile from a ZIP file stored locally
on the target
esxcli --server=server_name software profile install -depot=file:///<path_to_profile_ZIP_file>/<profile_ZIP_file>
--profile=profile_name
Install all new VIBs from a ZIP file
on the target server, copied into a
datastore
esxcli --server=server_name software profile install -depot=“[datastore_name]profile_ZIP_file" -profile=profile_name
Install all new VIBs from a ZIP file
copied locally and applied on the
target server
esxcli --server=server_name software profile install -depot=/root_dir/path_to_profile_ZIP_file/profile_ZIP_file
--profile=profile_name
NOTE Options to the update and install commands allow you to perform a dry run, to specify a
specific VIB, to bypass acceptance level verification, and so on. Do not bypass verification on
production systems. See the vSphere Command-Line Interface Reference.
4
Verify that the VIBs are installed on your ESXi host.
esxcli --server=server_name software vib list
Update ESXi Hosts by Using Zip Files
You can update hosts with VIBs or image profiles by downloading a ZIP file of a depot.
VMware partners prepare third-party VIBs to provide management agents or asynchronously released
drivers.
IMPORTANT If you are updating ESXi from a zip bundle in a VMware-supplied depot, either online from the
VMware Web site or downloaded locally, VMware supports only the update method specified for VMwaresupplied depots in the topic “Upgrade or Update a Host with Image Profiles,” on page 172.
The esxcli software vib update and esxcli software vib install commands are not supported for
upgrade operations. See “Differences Between vSphere Upgrades and Updates,” on page 20 and “Upgrade
or Update a Host with Image Profiles,” on page 172.
When you specify a target server by using --server=server_name, the server prompts you for a user name
and password. Other connection options, such as a configuration file or session file, are supported. For a list
of connection options, see Getting Started with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces, or run esxcli --help at the
vCLI command prompt.
Prerequisites
n
Install vCLI or deploy the vSphere Management Assistant (vMA) virtual machine. See Getting Started
with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces. For troubleshooting, run esxcli commands in the ESXi Shell.
n
Download the ZIP file of a depot bundle from a third-party VMware partner.
n
Determine whether the update requires the host to be in maintenance mode or to be rebooted. If
necessary, place the host in maintenance mode.
See “Determine Whether an Update Requires the Host to Be in Maintenance Mode or to Be Rebooted,”
on page 169. See “Place a Host in Maintenance Mode,” on page 170.
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n
If the update requires a reboot, and if the host belongs to a VMware HA cluster, remove the host from
the cluster or disable HA on the cluster.
Procedure
u
Install the ZIP file.
esxcli --server=server_name software vib update --depot=/path_to_vib_ZIP/ZIP_file_name.zip
Remove VIBs from a Host
You can uninstall third-party VIBs or VMware VIBs from your ESXi host.
VMware partners prepare third-party VIBs to provide management agents or asynchronously released
drivers.
Install vCLI or deploy the vSphere Management Assistant (vMA) virtual machine. See Getting Started with
vSphere Command-Line Interfaces. For troubleshooting, run esxcli commands in the ESXi Shell.
Prerequisites
n
If the removal requires a reboot, and if the host belongs to a VMware HA cluster, disable HA for the
host.
n
Determine whether the update requires the host to be in maintenance mode or to be rebooted. If
necessary, place the host in maintenance mode.
See “Determine Whether an Update Requires the Host to Be in Maintenance Mode or to Be Rebooted,”
on page 169. See “Place a Host in Maintenance Mode,” on page 170.
n
Install vCLI or deploy the vSphere Management Assistant (vMA) virtual machine. See Getting Started
with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces. For troubleshooting, run esxcli commands in the ESXi Shell.
Procedure
1
Power off each virtual machines running on the ESXi host.
Option
Command
To shut down the guest operating
system and then power off the
virtual machine
vmware-cmd --server=server_name path_to_vm stop soft
To force the power off operation
vmware-cmd --server=server_name path_to_vm stop hard
Alternatively, to avoid powering off virtual machines, you can migrate them to another host. See the
topic Migrating Virtual Machines in the vCenter Server and Host Management documentation.
2
Place the host in maintenance mode.
vicfg-hostops --server=server_name --operation enter
3
If necessary, shut down or migrate virtual machines.
4
Determine which VIBs are installed on the host.
esxcli --server=server_name software vib list
5
Remove the VIB.
esxcli --server=server_name software vib remove --vibname=name
Specify one or more VIBs to remove in one of the following forms:
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name
n
name:version
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n
vendor:name
n
vendor:name:version
For example, the command to remove a VIB specified by vendor, name and version would take this
form:
esxcli –-server myEsxiHost software vib remove --vibname=PatchVendor:patch42:version3
NOTE The remove command supports several more options. See the vSphere Command-Line Interface
Reference.
Adding Third-Party Extensions to Hosts with an esxcli Command
You can use the esxcli software vib command to add to the system a third-party extension released as a
VIB package. When you use this command, the VIB system updates the firewall rule set and refreshes the
host daemon after you reboot the system.
Otherwise, you can use a firewall configuration file to specify port rules for host services to enable for the
extension. The vSphere Security documentation discusses how to add, apply, and refresh a firewall rule set
and lists the esxcli network firewall commands.
Perform a Dry Run of an esxcli Installation or Upgrade
You can use the --dry-run option to preview the results of an installation or upgrade operation. A dry run
of the installation or update procedure does not make any changes, but reports the VIB-level operations that
will be performed if you run the command without the --dry-run option.
When you specify a target server by using --server=server_name, the server prompts you for a user name
and password. Other connection options, such as a configuration file or session file, are supported. For a list
of connection options, see Getting Started with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces, or run esxcli --help at the
vCLI command prompt.
Prerequisites
Install vCLI or deploy the vSphere Management Assistant (vMA) virtual machine. See Getting Started with
vSphere Command-Line Interfaces. For troubleshooting, run esxcli commands in the ESXi Shell.
Procedure
1
2
Enter the installation or upgrade command, adding the --dry-run option.
n
esxcli --server=server_name software vib install --dry-run
n
esxcli --server=server_name software vib update --dry-run
n
esxcli --server=server_name software profile install --dry-run
n
esxcli --server=server_name software profile update --dry-run
Review the output that is returned.
The output shows which VIBs will be installed or removed and whether the installation or update
requires a reboot.
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Display the Installed VIBs and Profiles That Will Be Active After the Next Host
Reboot
You can use the --rebooting-image option to list the VIBs and profiles that are installed on the host and will
be active after the next host reboot.
When you specify a target server by using --server=server_name, the server prompts you for a user name
and password. Other connection options, such as a configuration file or session file, are supported. For a list
of connection options, see Getting Started with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces, or run esxcli --help at the
vCLI command prompt.
Prerequisites
Install vCLI or deploy the vSphere Management Assistant (vMA) virtual machine. See Getting Started with
vSphere Command-Line Interfaces. For troubleshooting, run esxcli commands in the ESXi Shell.
Procedure
1
2
Enter one of the following commands.
Option
Description
For VIBs
esxcli --server=server_name software vib list --rebootingimage
For Profiles
esxcli --server=server_name software profile get -rebooting-image
Review the output that is returned.
The output displays information for the ESXi image that will become active after the next reboot. If the
pending-reboot image has not been created, the output returns nothing.
Display the Image Profile and Acceptance Level of the Host
You can use the software profile get command to display the currently installed image profile and
acceptance level for the specified host.
This command also shows details of the installed image profile history, including profile modifications.
When you specify a target server by using --server=server_name, the server prompts you for a user name
and password. Other connection options, such as a configuration file or session file, are supported. For a list
of connection options, see Getting Started with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces, or run esxcli --help at the
vCLI command prompt.
Prerequisites
Install vCLI or deploy the vSphere Management Assistant (vMA) virtual machine. See Getting Started with
vSphere Command-Line Interfaces. For troubleshooting, run esxcli commands in the ESXi Shell.
Procedure
1
Enter the following command.
esxcli --server=server_name software profile get
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Review the output.
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Upgrade Hosts Interactively
To upgrade ESXi 5.x hosts to ESXi 6.0, you can boot the ESXi installer from a CD, DVD, or USB flash drive.
Before upgrading, consider disconnecting the network storage. This action decreases the time it takes the
installer to search for available disk drives. When you disconnect network storage, any files on the
disconnected disks are unavailable at installation. Do not disconnect a LUN that contains an existing ESXi
installation.
Prerequisites
n
Verify that the ESXi installer ISO in one of the following locations.
n
On CD or DVD. If you do not have the installation CD or DVD, you can create one. See “Download
and Burn the ESXi Installer ISO Image to a CD or DVD,” on page 121
n
On a USB flash drive. See “Format a USB Flash Drive to Boot the ESXi Installation or Upgrade,” on
page 121
NOTE You can also use PXE to boot the ESXi installer to run an interactive installation or a scripted
installation. See “PXE Booting the ESXi Installer,” on page 125.
n
Verify that the server hardware clock is set to UTC. This setting is in the system BIOS.
n
ESXi Embedded must not be on the host. ESXi Installable and ESXi Embedded cannot exist on the same
host.
n
If you are upgrading a 5.0.x or 5.1.x host, supported custom VIBs that are not included in the ESXi
installer ISO are migrated. See “Upgrading Hosts That Have Third-Party Custom VIBs,” on page 120
n
See your hardware vendor documentation for information about changing the boot order.
Procedure
1
Insert the ESXi installer CD or DVD in the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive, or attach the Installer USB
flash drive and restart the machine.
2
Set the BIOS to boot from the CD-ROM device or the USB flash drive.
3
In the Select a Disk panel, select the drive on which to install or upgrade ESXi and press Enter.
Press F1 for information about the selected disk.
NOTE Do not rely on the disk order in the list to select a disk. The disk order is determined by the
BIOS. On systems where drives are continuously being added and removed, they might be out of order.
4
Upgrade or install ESXi if the installer finds an existing ESXi installation and VMFS datastore.
If an existing VMFS datastore cannot be preserved, you can choose only to install ESXi and overwrite
the existing VMFS datastore, or to cancel the installation. If you choose to overwrite the existing VMFS
datastore, back up the datastore first.
178
5
Press F11 to confirm and start the upgrade.
6
Remove the installation CD or DVD or USB flash drive when the upgrade is complete.
7
Press Enter to reboot the host.
8
Set the first boot device to be the drive which you selected previously when you upgraded ESXi.
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After You Upgrade ESXi Hosts
10
To complete a host upgrade, you ensure that the host is reconnected to its managing vCenter Server system
and reconfigured if necessary. You also check that the host is licensed correctly.
After you upgrade an ESXi host, take the following actions:
n
View the upgrade logs. You can use the vSphere Web Client to export the log files.
n
If a vCenter Server system manages the host, you must reconnect the host to vCenter Server by rightclicking the host in the vCenter Server inventory and selecting Connect.
n
When the upgrade is complete, the ESXi host is in evaluation mode. The evaluation period is 60 days.
You must assign a vSphere 6.0 license before the evaluation period expires. You can upgrade existing
licenses or acquire new ones from My VMware. Use the vSphere Web Client to configure the licensing
for the hosts in your environment. See the vCenter Server and Host Management documentation for
details about managing licenses in vSphere.
n
The host sdX devices might be renumbered after the upgrade. If necessary, update any scripts that
reference sdX devices.
n
Upgrade virtual machines on the host. See Chapter 11, “Upgrading Virtual Machines and VMware
Tools,” on page 183.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“About ESXi Evaluation and Licensed Modes,” on page 179
n
“Applying Licenses After Upgrading to ESXi 6.0,” on page 180
n
“Required Free Space for System Logging,” on page 180
n
“Configure Syslog on ESXi Hosts,” on page 181
About ESXi Evaluation and Licensed Modes
You can use evaluation mode to explore the entire set of features for ESXi hosts. The evaluation mode
provides the set of features equal to a vSphere Enterprise Plus license. Before the evaluation mode expires,
you must assign to your hosts a license that supports all the features in use.
For example, in evaluation mode, you can use vSphere vMotion technology, the vSphere HA feature, the
vSphere DRS feature, and other features. If you want to continue using these features, you must assign a
license that supports them.
The installable version of ESXi hosts is always installed in evaluation mode. ESXi Embedded is preinstalled
on an internal storage device by your hardware vendor. It might be in evaluation mode or prelicensed.
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The evaluation period is 60 days and begins when you turn on the ESXi host. At any time during the 60-day
evaluation period, you can convert from licensed mode to evaluation mode. The time available in the
evaluation period is decreased by the time already used.
For example, suppose that you use an ESXi host in evaluation mode for 20 days and then assign a
vSphere Standard Edition license key to the host. If you set the host back in evaluation mode, you can
explore the entire set of features for the host for the remaining evaluation period of 40 days.
For information about managing licensing for ESXi hosts, see the vCenter Server and Host Management
documentation.
Applying Licenses After Upgrading to ESXi 6.0
After you upgrade to ESXi 6.0, you must apply a vSphere 6.0 license.
When you upgrade ESXi 5.х hosts to ESXi 6.0 hosts, the hosts are in a 60-day evaluation mode period until
you apply the correct vSphere 6.0 licenses. See “About ESXi Evaluation and Licensed Modes,” on page 179.
You can upgrade your existing vSphere 5.x licenses or acquire vSphere 6.0 licenses from My VMware. After
you have vSphere 6.0 licenses, you must assign them to all upgraded ESXi 6.0 hosts by using the license
management functionality in the vSphere Web Client. See the vCenter Server and Host Management
documentation for details. If you use the scripted method to upgrade to ESXi 6.0, you can provide the
license key in the kickstart (ks) file.
Required Free Space for System Logging
If you used Auto Deploy to install your ESXi 6.0 host, or if you set up a log directory separate from the
default location in a scratch directory on the VMFS volume, you might need to change your current log size
and rotation settings to ensure that enough space is available for system logging .
All vSphere components use this infrastructure. The default values for log capacity in this infrastructure
vary, depending on the amount of storage available and on how you have configured system logging. Hosts
that are deployed with Auto Deploy store logs on a RAM disk, which means that the amount of space
available for logs is small.
If your host is deployed with Auto Deploy, reconfigure your log storage in one of the following ways:
n
Redirect logs over the network to a remote collector.
n
Redirect logs to a NAS or NFS store.
If you redirect logs to non-default storage, such as a NAS or NFS store, you might also want to reconfigure
log sizing and rotations for hosts that are installed to disk.
You do not need to reconfigure log storage for ESXi hosts that use the default configuration, which stores
logs in a scratch directory on the VMFS volume. For these hosts, ESXi 6.0 configures logs to best suit your
installation, and provides enough space to accommodate log messages.
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Chapter 10 After You Upgrade ESXi Hosts
Table 10‑1. Recommended Minimum Size and Rotation Configuration for hostd, vpxa, and fdm Logs
Log
Maximum Log File Size
Number of Rotations to
Preserve
Minimum Disk Space Required
Management Agent
(hostd)
10 MB
10
100 MB
VirtualCenter Agent
(vpxa)
5 MB
10
50 MB
vSphere HA agent (Fault
Domain Manager, fdm)
5 MB
10
50 MB
For information about setting up and configuring syslog and a syslog server and installing vSphere Syslog
Collector, see the vSphere Installation and Setup documentation.
Configure Syslog on ESXi Hosts
All ESXi hosts run a syslog service (vmsyslogd), which logs messages from the VMkernel and other system
components to log files.
You can use the vSphere Web Client or the esxcli system syslog vCLI command to configure the syslog
service.
For more information about using vCLI commands, see Getting Started with vSphere Command-Line Interfaces.
Procedure
1
In the vSphere Web Client inventory, select the host.
2
Click the Manage tab.
3
In the System panel, click Advanced System Settings.
4
Locate the Syslog section of the Advanced System Settings list.
5
To set up logging globally, select the setting to change and click the Edit icon.
VMware, Inc.
Option
Description
Syslog.global.defaultRotate
Sets the maximum number of archives to keep. You can set this number
globally and for individual subloggers.
Syslog.global.defaultSize
Sets the default size of the log, in KB, before the system rotates logs. You
can set this number globally and for individual subloggers.
Syslog.global.LogDir
Directory where logs are stored. The directory can be located on mounted
NFS or VMFS volumes. Only the /scratch directory on the local file
system is persistent across reboots. The directory should be specified as
[datastorename] path_to_file where the path is relative to the root of the
volume backing the datastore. For example, the path
[storage1] /systemlogs maps to the
path /vmfs/volumes/storage1/systemlogs.
Syslog.global.logDirUnique
Selecting this option creates a subdirectory with the name of the ESXi host
under the directory specified by Syslog.global.LogDir. A unique directory
is useful if the same NFS directory is used by multiple ESXi hosts.
Syslog.global.LogHost
Remote host to which syslog messages are forwarded and port on which
the remote host receives syslog messages. You can include the protocol
and the port, for example, ssl://hostName1:1514. UDP (default), TCP,
and SSL are supported. The remote host must have syslog installed and
correctly configured to receive the forwarded syslog messages. See the
documentation for the syslog service installed on the remote host for
information on configuration.
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vSphere Upgrade
6
7
(Optional) To overwrite the default log size and log rotation for any of the logs.
a
Click the name of the log you that want to customize.
b
Click the Edit icon and enter the number of rotations and log size you want.
Click OK.
Changes to the syslog options take effect immediately.
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Upgrading Virtual Machines and
VMware Tools
11
After you upgrade ESXi hosts, you can upgrade the virtual machines on the host to take advantage of new
features.
VMware offers the following tools for upgrading virtual machines:
vSphere Web Client
Requires you to perform the virtual machine upgrade one step at a time, but
does not require vSphere Update Manager. See the information about
upgrading virtual machines in the vSphere Virtual Machine Administration
documentation.
vSphere Update
Manager
Automates the process of upgrading and patching virtual machines, thereby
ensuring that the steps occur in the correct order. You can use Update
Manager to directly upgrade the virtual machine hardware version and
VMware Tools. See the Installing and Administering VMware vSphere Update
Manager documentation.
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Troubleshooting a vSphere Upgrade
12
The installation and upgrade software enables you to identify problems on the host machine that can cause
an installation, upgrade, or migration to fail.
For interactive installations, upgrades, and migrations, the errors or warnings are displayed on the final
panel of the installer, where you are asked to confirm or cancel the installation or upgrade. For scripted
installations, upgrades, or migrations, the errors or warnings are written to the installation log file. You can
also consult the product release notes for known problems.
vSphere Update Manager provides custom messages for these errors or warnings. To see the original errors
and warnings returned by the precheck script during an Update Manager host upgrade scan, review the
Update Manager log file vmware-vum-server-log4cpp.log.
This chapter includes the following topics:
n
“Collecting Logs for Troubleshooting a vCenter Server Installation or Upgrade,” on page 185
n
“Collect Logs to Troubleshoot ESXi Hosts,” on page 187
n
“Errors and Warnings Returned by the Installation and Upgrade Precheck Script,” on page 188
n
“Restore vCenter Server Services If Upgrade Fails,” on page 189
n
“VMware Component Manager Error During Startup After vCenter Server Appliance Upgrade,” on
page 190
n
“Microsoft SQL Database Set to Unsupported Compatibility Mode Causes vCenter Server Installation
or Upgrade to Fail,” on page 191
Collecting Logs for Troubleshooting a vCenter Server Installation or
Upgrade
You can collect installation or upgrade log files for vCenter Server. If an installation or upgrade fails,
checking the log files can help you identify the source of the failure.
You can choose the Installation Wizard method or the manual method for saving and recovering log files for
a vCenter Server for Windows installation failure.
You can also collect deployment log files for vCenter Server Appliance.
Collect Installation Logs by Using the Installation Wizard
You can use the Setup Interrupted page of the installation wizard to browse to the generated .zip file of the
vCenter Server for Windows installation log files.
If the installation fails, the Setup Interrupted page appears with the log collection check boxes selected by
default.
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Procedure
1
Leave the check boxes selected and click Finish.
The installation files are collected in a .zip file on your desktop, for example, VMware-VCS-logs-timeof-installation-attempt.zip, where time-of-installation-attempt displays the year, month, date, hour,
minutes, and seconds of the installation attempt.
2
Retrieve the log files from the .zip file on your desktop.
What to do next
Examine the log files to determine the cause of failure.
Retrieve Installation Logs Manually
You can retrieve the installation log files manually for examination.
Procedure
1
Navigate to the installation log file locations.
n
%PROGRAMDATA%\VMware\CIS\logs directory, usually C:\ProgramData\VMware\CIS\logs
n
%TEMP% directory, usually C:\Users\username\AppData\Local\Temp
The files in the %TEMP% directory include vminst.log, pkgmgr.log, pkgmgr-comp-msi.log, and vim-vcsmsi.log.
2
Open the installation log files in a text editor for examination.
Collect Installation Logs for vCenter Server Appliance
You can collect installation log files and check these files to identify the source of a failure if
vCenter Server Appliance stops responding during initial startup.
Procedure
1
Access the appliance shell.
Option
Description
If you have direct access to the
appliance
Press Alt+F1.
To connect remotely
Use SSH or another remote console connection to start a session to the
appliance.
2
Enter a user name and password that the appliance recognizes.
3
In the appliance shell , run the pi shell command to access the Bash shell.
4
In the Bash shell, run the vc-support.sh script to generate a support bundle.
This command generates a .tgz file in /var/tmp.
5
Export the generated support bundle to the user@x.x.x.x:/tmp folder.
scp /var/tmp/vc-etco-vm-vlan11-dhcp-63-151.eng.vmware.com-2014-02-28--21.11.tgz
user@x.x.x.x:/tmp
6
Determine which firstboot script failed.
cat /var/log/firstboot/firstbootStatus.json
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Chapter 12 Troubleshooting a vSphere Upgrade
What to do next
To identify potential causes of the failure, examine the log file of the firstboot script that failed.
Collect Database Upgrade Logs
You can retrieve the database upgrade log files manually for examination.
You can retrieve the database upgrade logs after you complete the vCenter Server upgrade process.
Prerequisites
Procedure
1
Navigate to the database upgrade log locations.
2
Open the database upgrade logs in a text editor for examination.
You can examine the log files for the details of your database upgrade process.
Example: Database Upgrade Locations
n
For pre-upgrade checks, review the %TEMP%\..\vcsUpgrade\vcdb_req.out file.
The vcdb_req.err file tracks any errors that were identified during the pre-upgrade phase.
n
For export details, review the %TEMP%\..\vcsUpgrade\vcdb_export.out file.
The vcdb_export.err file contains errors that were identified during the export phase of the upgrade.
n
For import details, review the ProgramData\Vmware\CIS\logs\vmware\vpx\vcdb_import.out file.
The vcdb_import.err file contains errors that were identified during the import phase of the upgrade
process.
n
For in-place upgrade log details, review the
ProgramData\Vmware\CIS\logs\vmware\vpx\vcdb_inplace.out file.
The vcdb_inplace.err file contains in-place upgrade errors.
What to do next
Examine the vcdb_inplace.* log files.
Collect Logs to Troubleshoot ESXi Hosts
You can collect installation or upgrade log files for ESXi. If an installation or upgrade fails, checking the log
files can help you identify the source of the failure.
Solution
1
Enter the vm-support command in the ESXi Shell or through SSH.
2
Navigate to the /var/tmp/ directory.
3
Retrieve the log files from the .tgz file.
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Errors and Warnings Returned by the Installation and Upgrade
Precheck Script
The installation and upgrade precheck script runs tests to identify problems on the host machine that can
cause an installation, upgrade, or migration to fail.
For interactive installations, upgrades, and migrations, the errors or warnings are displayed on the final
panel of the installer, where you are asked to confirm or cancel the installation or upgrade. For scripted
installations, upgrades, or migrations, the errors or warnings are written to the installation log file.
vSphere Update Manager provides custom messages for these errors or warnings. To see the original errors
and warnings returned by the precheck script during an Update Manager host upgrade scan, review the
Update Manager log file vmware-vum-server-log4cpp.log.
Table 12‑1. Error and Warning Codes That Are Returned by the Installation and Upgrade Precheck Script
188
Error or Warning
Description
64BIT_LONGMODESTATUS
The host processor must be 64-bit.
COS_NETWORKING
Warning. An IPv4 address was found on an enabled
service console virtual NIC that has no corresponding
address in the same subnet in the vmkernel. A separate
warning appears for each such occurrence.
CPU_CORES
The host must have at least two cores.
DISTRIBUTED_VIRTUAL_SWITCH
If the Cisco Virtual Ethernet Module (VEM) software is
found on the host, the test checks that the upgrade also
contains the VEM software. The test also determines
whether the upgrade supports the same version of the
Cisco Virtual Supervisor Module (VSM) as the existing
version on the host. If the software is missing or is
compatible with a different version of the VSM, the test
returns a warning. The result indicates which version of the
VEM software was expected on the upgrade ISO and
which versions, if any, were found. You can use
ESXi Image Builder CLI to create a custom installation ISO
that includes the appropriate version of the VEM software.
HARDWARE_VIRTUALIZATION
Warning. If the host processor doesn't have hardware
virtualization or if hardware virtualization is not turned on
in the host BIOS, host performance suffers. Enable
hardware virtualization in the host machine boot options.
See your hardware vendor's documentation.
MD5_ROOT_PASSWORD
This test checks that the root password is encoded in MD5
format. If a password is not encoded in MD5 format, it
might be significant only to eight characters. In this case,
any characters after the first eight are no longer
authenticated after the upgrade, which can create a security
issue. To work around this problem, see VMware
knowledge base article 1024500.
MEMORY_SIZE
The host requires the specified amount of memory to
upgrade.
PACKAGE_COMPLIANCE
vSphere Update Manager only. This test checks the existing
software on the host against the software contained on the
upgrade ISO to determine whether the host has been
successfully upgraded. If any of the packages are missing
or are an older version than the package on the upgrade
ISO, the test returns an error and indicates which software
was found on the host and which software was found on
the upgrade ISO.
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Chapter 12 Troubleshooting a vSphere Upgrade
Table 12‑1. Error and Warning Codes That Are Returned by the Installation and Upgrade Precheck Script
(Continued)
Error or Warning
Description
PARTITION_LAYOUT
You can upgrade or migrate software only if at most one
VMFS partition on the disk is being upgraded and the
VMFS partition must start after sector 1843200.
POWERPATH
This test checks for installation of EMC PowerPath
software, consisting of a CIM module and a kernel module.
If either of these components is found on the host, the test
checks that matching components,such as CIM, vmkernel
and module, also exist in the upgrade. If they do not exist,
the test returns a warning that indicates which PowerPath
components were expected on the upgrade ISO and which,
if any, were found.
PRECHECK_INITIALIZE
This test checks that the precheck script can be run.
SANE_ESX_CONF
The /etc/vmware/esx.conf file must exist on the host.
SPACE_AVAIL_ISO
vSphere Update Manager only. The host disk must have
enough free space to store the contents of the installer CD
or DVD.
SPACE_AVAIL_CONFIG
vSphere Update Manager only. The host disk must have
enough free space to store the 5.x configuration between
reboots.
SUPPORTED_ESX_VERSION
You can upgrade or migrate to ESXi 6.0 only from version
5.x ESXi hosts.
TBOOT_REQUIRED
This message applies only to vSphere Update Manager
upgrades. The upgrade fails with this error when the host
system is running in trusted boot mode (tboot), but the
ESXi upgrade ISO does not contain any tboot VIBs. This
test prevents an upgrade that can make the host less secure.
UNSUPPORTED_DEVICES
Warning. This test checks for unsupported devices. Some
PCI devices are not supported in ESXi 6.0.
UPDATE_PENDING
This test checks the host for VIB installations that require a
reboot. This test fails if one or more such VIBs is installed,
but the host has not yet been rebooted. In these conditions,
the precheck script is unable to reliably determine which
packages are currently installed on the host, so it might not
be safe to rely on the rest of the precheck tests to determine
whether an upgrade is safe.
If you encounter this error, restart the host and retry the
upgrade.
Restore vCenter Server Services If Upgrade Fails
If an upgrade to vCenter Server with external Platform Services Controller fails, you must manually restore
or repoint vCenter Inventory Service or other vCenter Server services.
Problem
If a vCenter Server upgrade failure occurs after the uninstallation phase and reverts the setup to the
previous state (vCenter Server 5.1 or 5.5), it might not reregister vCenter Inventory Service or other
vCenter Server services with the vCenter Single Sign-On included in Platform Services Controller 6.0.
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vSphere Upgrade
Cause
vCenter Inventory Service and other vCenter Server services are unregistered from vCenter Single-Sign-On
5.1 or 5.5 during the upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0. If an upgrade failure occurs after the services are
unregistered, the registration information is lost. When the upgrade to vCenter Server 6.0 is resumed, the
installer sees unregistered services and leaves them unregistered. The vCenter Inventory Service or other
vCenter Server services must be manually repointed or registered with the newly upgraded Platform
Services Controller 6.0 instance. See Knowledge Base article 2033620.
Solution
u
Find and follow the instructions in the knowledge base article for repointing or reregistering these
services with vCenter Single Sign-On.
VMware Component Manager Error During Startup After
vCenter Server Appliance Upgrade
vCenter Server Appliance Component Manager fails with an error when you first deploy it after an
upgrade.
Problem
You deploy a vCenter Server Appliance instance and receive an error such as the following text:
"Firstboot script execution Error."
"The SSL certificate does not match when connecting to the vCenter Single Sign-On: hostname in certificate
didn't match: <vcenter-b.domain.com> != <localhost.localdom> OR <localhost.localdom> OR <localhost>"
Cause
The vCenter Server Appliance instance names do not match the names in the SSL certificates. You must
regenerate the certificates to get the correct Fully Qualified Domain Names.
Solution
1
Power on the vCenter Server Appliance 5.5 instance.
2
Log into the VAMI https://IP:5480.
3
Make sure that the correct IP address and Hostname are set in the Network Settings.
4
Select the Certificate regeneration check box.
5
Restart the vCenter Server Appliance 5.5 instance.
The vCenter Server, vSphere Web Client, vami, slapd, vCenter Inventory Service, and
vCenter Single Sign-On certificates are regenerated with a certificate containing CN=vcentera.domain.com and SubjectAltName containing DNS=vcenter-a.domain.com DNS=vcenter-a
IP=192.168.2.100.The certificates no longer contain vcenter-b.domain.com.
6
Rerun the vCenter Server Appliance 6.0 upgrade.
See “Upgrade the vCenter Server Appliance,” on page 94.
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Chapter 12 Troubleshooting a vSphere Upgrade
Microsoft SQL Database Set to Unsupported Compatibility Mode
Causes vCenter Server Installation or Upgrade to Fail
vCenter Server installation with a Microsoft SQL database fails when the database is set to compatibility
mode with an unsupported version.
Problem
The following error message appears: The DB User entered does not have the required permissions
needed to install and configure vCenter Server with the selected DB. Please correct the following
error(s): %s
Cause
The database version must be supported for vCenter Server. For SQL, even if the database is a supported
version, if it is set to run in compatibility mode with an unsupported version, this error occurs. For example,
if SQL 2008 is set to run in SQL 2000 compatibility mode, this error occurs.
Solution
u
VMware, Inc.
Make sure the vCenter Server database is a supported version and is not set to compatibility mode with
an unsupported version. See the VMware Product Interoperability Matrixes at
http://partnerweb.vmware.com/comp_guide2/sim/interop_matrix.php?.
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Index
Symbols
%include command 152
%post command 152
%pre command 152
Numerics
64-bit processor error 188
A
about vSphere Upgrade 7
acceptance levels 167
accepteula command 152
Apply-EsxImageProfile cmdlet 163
attaching
baseline 143
baseline group 143
authenticating to vCenter Server 107
Authentication Proxy, See also vSphere
Authentication Proxy
Auto Deploy
rebooting 163
reprovisioning hosts with 163
rule set compliance 165
user input 163
See also vSphere Auto Deploy
Auto Deploy rules 164
Auto Deploy,upgrading ESXi hosts with 162
B
back up ESXi certificates 109
baseline, attaching 143
baseline group, attaching 143
best practices, updates and upgrades 117
boot commands, entering 150
boot command line options 151
boot prompt 151
boot.cfg file 159
bootloader kernel options 151
C
CD, upgrading hosts from 178
CD/DVD, burning the ESXi ISO image 121
centralized architecture, overview 16
Certificate Authority 12
certificate regeneration after upgrade error 190
certificates, host upgrades 59
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checking requirements 31
Cisco Virtual Ethernet Module (VEM) version
error 188
claim rule format 179
clearpart command 152
Client Integration plug-in, installing 94
Client Integration Plug-in, software
requirements 43
clients, firewall 35
cluster, configure settings 139
cluster settings 136
compliance information, viewing 144
components included with the vCenter Server
installer 12
computer name
Oracle 56
SQL Server 56
configuring
cluster settings 139
host settings 138
configuring ports 35
Connect-VIServer cmdlet 163, 164
Copy-DeployRule cmdlet 163
creating, host baseline group 142
custom certificates 59
D
database requirements
vCenter Server 33
vCenter Server Appliance 35
database connections, number of 106
database upgrade logs 187
depot, software 167
DHCP, for PXE booting the ESXi installer 127
disk device names 159
disks, VMDK 29
Distributed Power Management (DPM) 136
Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) 136
DNS Requirements 43
download the ESXi installer 132
download the vCenter Server installer 77
downtime, vCenter Server 62
DRAC 39
dry run for esxcli installation or upgrade 176
dryrun command 152
193
vSphere Upgrade
Dump Collector, See vSphere ESXi Dump
Collector
DVD, upgrading hosts from 178
E
embedded architecture, overview 16
Enhanced Linked Mode, changes 13
errors:install precheck 188
errors:upgrade precheck 188
ESX upgrade, preparation 135
esxcli, upgrading hosts 166
esxcli installation or upgrade, dry run 176
esxcli reboot image 177
ESXi
certificates 23
downloading the installer 132
syslog service 181
system requirements 29
ESXi certificates, restore 109
ESXi images, importing 141
ESXi upgrade, preparation 135
ESXi certificates, backup 109
ESXi configuration filepath error 188
esxi custom certificate mode 59
ESXi incoming firewall ports 40
ESXi installation script, about 152
ESXi ISO image, burning on a CD/DVD 121
ESXi outgoing firewall ports 40
esxi thumbprint certificate mode 59
ESXi upgrade options 119
ESXi version error 188
ESXi, installation log files 187
ESXi, upgrade log files 187
evaluation mode 179
F
Fault Tolerance (FT) 136
FCoE,installing and booting ESXi from 132
firewall 35
FTP 125
G
gPXE 125
H
hardware requirements
ESXi 37
for the vSphere Client in the getting started
workflow 44
vCenter Server 32
vCenter Server Appliance 33
hardware requirements,ESXi 39
hardware virtualization error 188
High Availability (HA) 136
194
high availability for vCenter Single Sign-On 57
host, maintenance mode 170
host upgrades and certificates 59
host acceptance level, display 177
host and update acceptance
levels,matching 168
host baseline group, creating 142
host profiles, assign with Auto Deploy 164
host settings 136
host upgrade options, about 119
host, update with a ZIP file of a depot 174
hosts
manually scanning 143
remediation against baseline groups 147
remediation against upgrade baseline 144
remediation failure response 138
reprovisioning with Auto Deploy 163
hosts firewall 35
hosts, adding third-party extensions 176
hosts, upgrading 117
I
IDE disks 37, 39
identity sources for vCenter Single Sign-On 107
ILO 39
image profile
defined 167
display 177
image profiles, maintenance mode for installing
or updating 169
image profiles, upgrade or update host with 172
import, ESXi image 141
in-place upgrades 62
include command 152
install command 152
installation log files
vCenter Server Appliance 186
vCenter Server manual log collection 186
installation log files, ESXi 187
installation log files, vCenter Server wizard
page 185
installation precheck script, errors 188
installation script
customized in ISO image 124
path to 152
supported locations 152
installing ESXi, scripted 149
installing ESXi with software FCoE 132
installing the vSphere Client 104
installorupgrade command 152
insufficient CPU core error 188
insufficient host disk space error 188
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Index
insufficient memory error 188
Inventory Service 12
IP addresses 121
ISO image
with custom installation scriptwith custom
installation script 124
with custom upgrade script 124
missing software package error 188
MSSQL Server database, preparing for
upgrade 50
N
network command 128, 152
New-DeployRule cmdlet 164
J
O
JRE, upgrading with VIMPatch 88
Oracle database
changing the computer name 56
permissions 54
preparing for upgrade 48
requirements 37
Oracle JDBC Driver 101
orchestrated host upgrades 135
orchestrated upgrade, of hosts 137
overview, Platform Services Controller 16
overview of, enhanced linked mode 23
K
keyboard command 152
L
large environment, required storage space 34
License service 12
License Service 20
license, reapplying after upgrade 180
licensed mode 179
licensing 179
licensing upgrade 20
Linked Mode, changes 13
load balancing for vCenter Single Sign-On 57
log files:upgrade 185
log files
database upgrade 187
installation 185
logging, providing space for 45, 180
logging in to vCenter Server 107
LUN masking 179
M
MAC address 128
maintenance mode, host 170
management node, overview 16
management access, TCP and UDP ports 45
MD5 root password error 188
media options, ESXi installer, supported 121
medium environment, required storage
space 34
memory, ESXi requirements 37, 39
Microsoft .NET Framework 44
Microsoft SQL Server, requirements 37
Microsoft SQL Server database schema,
creating with a script (recommended
method) 51
Microsoft Windows
authentication for SQL Server 62
system account 62
Microsoft Windows Installer 12
migration of distributed vCenter Server 5.x
services 71
migration upgrade 62
VMware, Inc.
P
paranoid command 152
part command 152
partition command 152
permissions
Oracle database 54
SQL Server database 54
Platform Services Controller, overview 16
Platform Services Controller in a mixed-version
environment 78, 80
ports
configuring 35
firewall 35
ports used by vCenter Server 35
post-upgrade, licensing upgrade 101
post-upgrade ,component configuration 101
post-upgrade considerations for vCenter
Server 101
PostgreSQL 12
PostgreSQL database, preparing for upgrade 53
postupgrade considerations 179
PowerPath components error 188
pre-upgrade checker 31
pre-upgrade database preparations
MSSQL Server 50
Oracle 48
PostgreSQL 53
pre-upgrade tasks, vCenter Server 60
precheck script error 188
predefined software, vCenter Server
Appliance 34
prepare ESXi hosts for vCenter Server
upgrade 58
PXE, configuration files 128
195
vSphere Upgrade
PXE boot ESXi installer using PXELINUX, setup
procedure 128, 130, 131
PXE booted ESXi hosts, enable
remediation 140
PXELINUX, boot ESXi installer using 128, 130,
131
R
reboot image 177
remediation, of hosts 144, 147
remote management applications 132
Repair-DeployRulesetCompliance cmdlet 165
repointing after upgrade,VMware Syslog
Service 102
repointing after upgrade,vSphere Web
Client 102
repointing vSphere Syslog Service after
upgrade 102
required storage space 34
requirements 30
requirements for vSphere Client 44
requirements for vSphere Web Client 43
restore ESXi certificates 109
restoring vCenter Inventory Service after
upgrade 189
ROM image 125
rootpw command 152
RSA 39
rule set compliance 165
S
SAS disks 37, 39
SATA disks 37, 39
scanning, hosts 143
scenarios 24
script, for installing ESXi 152
scripted upgrade of ESXi, by using PXE to
boot 162
scripted upgrade of ESXi, from a CD or
DVD 160
scripted upgrade of ESXi, from a USB flash
drive 161
SCSI 37, 39
security 62
security certificates, overview 23
services, syslogd 181
Single Sign-On, upgrades 21
small environment, required storage space 34
software requirements, vCenter Server
Appliance 34
software depot, defined 167
specifications
ESXi hardware requirements 37, 39
performance recommendations 37, 39
196
SQL Server database, permissions 54
SQL compatibility mode 191
SQL Server
changing the computer name 56
Microsoft Windows authentication 62
SSL certificates 101
static IP addresses 121
storage requirements
vCenter Server 31
vCenter Server Appliance 34
synchronize ESXi clocks on vSphere network 61
synchronizing clocks on the vSphere network 61
syslog 181
Syslog Collector, See vSphere Syslog Collector
Syslog Service, See VMware Syslog Service
system requirements, vCenter Server
database 37
T
tc Server, upgrading with VIMPatch 88
TCP ports 45
Test-DeployRuleSetCompliance cmdlet 165
TFTP 125
tftp-hpa 125
tftpd32 125
third-party custom VIBs 120
thumbprint certificates 59
time synchronization requirements 30
tiny environment, required storage space 34
Tomcat 105
transitional environment during upgrade 73
troubleshooting, upgrade 185
troubleshooting:installation 185
troubleshooting:upgrade logs 185
trusted boot mode (tboot) error 188
U
UDP ports 45
unsupported device error 188
Update Manager, upgrading 113
updated information 9
upgrade, process 11
upgrade external vCenter Single Sign-On 5.1 78
upgrade external vCenter Single Sign-On 5.5 80
upgrade readiness 60
upgrade command 152
upgrade hosts 144
upgrade log files, ESXi 187
upgrade options,vCenter Server Appliance 92
upgrade options,vCenter Server for Windows 68
upgrade overview 18
upgrade precheck script, errors 188
VMware, Inc.
Index
upgrade scenarios 24
upgrade script 124
upgrade support for 6.0 118
upgrade to License Service 20
upgrade,troubleshooting 185
upgrade,vCenter Server 5.0 for Windows 82
upgrade,vCenter Server 5.1 for Windows 84
upgrade,vCenter Server 5.5 for Windows 86
upgrade:log files 185
upgrades, best practices 117
upgrading
stage 1 62
Update Manager 113
Update Manager server 113
vCenter Server 29
vSphere Web Client 29
upgrading ESXi, scripted 149
upgrading distributed vCenter Server 5.x
services 71
upgrading hosts 117
upgrading hosts by using esxcli 166
upgrading hosts interactively 178
upgrading in mixed-version environments 73
upgrading virtual machines 183
USB drive, upgrading hosts from 178
USB, bootable ESXi installation 121
USB, ESXi installation script 123
use cases 24
user input for Auto Deploy hosts 163
user privileges requirements for installation 30
user repositories for vCenter Single SignOn 107
V
vCenter Server
certificates 23
components 12
downloading the installer 77
hardware requirements 32
installation log files 185
ports 35
post-upgrade considerations 101
postupgrade tasks 106
pre-upgrade tasks 60
redirecting to an external Platform Services
Controller 109
redirecting to another Platform Services
Controller 109
repointing to an external Platform Services
Controller 109
repointing to another Platform Services
Controller 109
setting the administrator user 107
VMware, Inc.
software requirements 32
system requirements 29
upgrade licensing 101
upgrading 67
vCenter Server for Windows
root password 63
upgrade information 63
vCenter Inventory Service,restoring after
upgrade failure 189
vCenter Server Appliance
.iso downloading 93
hardware requirements 33
installation log files 186
installer downloading 93
installing patches 99
installing patches from an ISO image 99
installing staged patches 99
listing installed patches 98
overview of patching 91
overview of upgrading 91
predefined software 34
redirecting to an external Platform Services
Controller 109
redirecting to another Platform Services
Controller 109
repointing to another Platform Services
Controller 109
root password 63
software requirements 33, 34
software-packages utility 98
staging patches 98
upgrade prerequisites 94
upgrade information 63
upgrading 92, 94
viewing details about a patch 98
viewing history of installed patches 98
See also VMware vCenter Server Appliance
vCenter Server component services,
changes 13
vCenter Server database, changes 13
vCenter Server databases
preparing 48
requirements 33
vCenter Server upgrade, prerequisites 47
vCenter Server Appliance,Component Manager
upgrade error 190
vCenter Server 5.0:upgrade for Windows 82
vCenter Server 5.1,upgrade for Windows 84
vCenter Server 5.5,upgrade for Windows 86
vCenter Server Appliance databases,
requirements 35
vCenter Server Appliance installer 93
197
vSphere Upgrade
vCenter Server Appliance upgrade, IP address
limitations 92
vCenter Server Appliance upgrading 94
vCenter Server Appliance,upgrade options 92
vCenter Server downtime 62
vCenter Server for Windows,upgrade options 68
vCenter Server upgrade compatibility 47
vCenter Server upgrade process, changes 13
vCenter Server upgrade with MSSQL
database 50
vCenter Server upgrade with Oracle
database 48
vCenter Server upgrade with PostgreSQL
database 53
vCenter Server VMware vCenter Server - tc
Server Settings 105
vCenter Server, distributed 5.x services
migration 71
vCenter Server, installation log files, installation
log files 186
vCenter Single Sign-On
identity sources 107
user repositories 107
vCenter Single Sign-On,upgrading 5.1 78
vCenter Single Sign-On,upgrading 5.5 80
vCenter Single-Sign-On, load balancing 57
verify network prerequisites for upgrade 56
VI Client 104
VIB, defined 167
VIB installation restart error 188
VIBs
acceptance levels 167
migrating in upgrade 120
VIBs, maintenance mode for installing or
updating 169
VIBs, removing from host 175
VIBs, update host with 171
viewing, compliance information 144
virtual CD 132
virtual machines
RAM requirements 37, 39
upgrading 183
virtual NIC address error 188
vmaccepteula command 152
VMFS partition layout error 188
VMware vCenter Server - tc Server settings in
vCenter Server 105
VMware Component Manager upgrade error,
regenerate certificates 190
VMware ESXi 11
VMware Installation Bundles 120
VMware Syslog Service 12
198
VMware vCenter Server Appliance, software
requirements 32
vpxd.certmgmt.mode 59
vSphere Client
hardware requirements for in the getting
started workflow 44
installing 104
requirements 44
vSphere 6.0,changes from vSphere 5.x 13
vSphere Authentication Proxy, install or
upgrade 103
vSphere Auto Deploy, repointing after
upgrade 102
vSphere ESXi Dump Collector 12
vSphere Syslog Service, repointing after
upgrade 102
vSphere Syslog Collector 12
vSphere upgrades and updates,differences
between 20
vSphere Web Client
repointing after upgrade 102
requirements 43
vSphere Web Client,viewing in a mixed version
environment 102
W
Windows, vCenter Server 5.1 upgrade 84
Windows,vCenter Server 5.0 upgrade 82
Windows:vCenter Server 5.5 upgrade 86
worksheet 63
VMware, Inc.