User Instructions
This booklet contains important information concerning the proper and safe operation of your new amplifier..
AMPLIFIER
Made in Taiwan
TD-14000
CH A
CH B
UNiKA
TD-14000
POWER
Level
Level
Index
01 Precautions
02 Introduction
03 Front Panel
04 Rear Panel
05 Operation and Performance
P R O F E S S I O N A L
A U D I O
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions Introduction
CAUTION
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
Front Panel
Rear Panel
This symbol, wherever it appears,
alerts you to the presence of
uninsulated dangerous voltage
inside the enclosure - voltage that
may be sufficient to constitute a
risk of shock.
!
CAUTION: To reduce the risk of electrical
shock, do not remove the cover
(or back). No user serviceable
parts inside; refer servicing to
qualified personnel.
Operation and Performance
!
WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire or
electrical shock, do not expose
this appliance to rain or
moisture.
This symbol, wherever it appears,
alerts you to important operating
and maintenance instructions in
the accompanying literature. Read
the manual.
Important Precautions
 To reduce the risk of electrical shock or fire, do not expose this unit in rain or
moisture.
 Make sure that the AC Mains voltage is correct and matches the voltage printed on
the rear panel of the amplifier (110 V or 220V)
 Do not spill water or other liquids into or on to your unit.
 Do not attempt to operate this unit if the power cord has been frayed or broken.
 Do not attempt to remove or break off the ground prong from the electrical cord.
This prong is used to reduce the risk of electrical shock and fire in case of an
internal short.
 Disconnect mains power before making any type of connection.
 Do not remove the cover under any conditions. There are no user serviceable
parts inside.
 Never plug this unit in to a dimmer pack.
 Always be sure to mount this unit in an area that will allow proper ventilation. Allow
about 6” (15cm) between this device and wall.
 Do not attempt to operate this unit if it becomes damaged.
 This unit is intended for indoor use only, use of this product outdoors voids all
warranties.
 During long periods of non-use, disconnect the unit’s mains power.
1
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions Introduction
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Operation and Performance
 Always mount this unit in a safe and stable manner.
 Power cords should be routed so they are not likely to be walked on, pinched by items
placed upon or against them.
 Cleaning -The outside of the unit should be wipe down with a soft cloth and mild
cleaner when needed.
 Heat -The amplifier should be situated away from heat sources such as radiators,
heat registers, stoves, or other appliances (including amplifiers) that produce heat.
 The fixture should be serviced by qualified service personnel when:
A. The power-supply cord or the plug has been damaged.
B. Objects have fallen, or liquid has been spilled into the unit.
C. The appliance has been exposed to rain or water.
D. The fixture does not appear to operate normally or exhibits a marked change in
performance.
Introduction
Congratulations and thank you for purchasing TD-14000 amplifier. This amplifier is a
representation of UNiKA’s continuing commitment to produce the best and highest
quality audio products at an affordable price. This amplifier is designed to provide a
big impact in sound reproduction. Please read and understand this manual completely
before attempting to operate your new amplifier. This booklet contains important
information concerning the proper and safe operation of your new amplifier.
Unpacking: Every TD-14000 amplifier has been thoroughly tested and has
been shipped in perfect operating condition. Carefully check the shipping carton for
damage that may have occurred during shipping. If the carton appears to be damaged,
carefully inspect your unit for any damage and be sure all accessories necessary to
operate the system have arrived intact. In the event damage has been found or parts
are missing, please contact your dealer for further instructions.
Installation: This amplifier is designed to mount into a standard 19”rack. The
front panel provides four holes used to screw the unit into a rack. The unit also
provides a way to rear mount the unit into a rack for added security. Rear mounting the
unit is especially recommended if the unit is to mount into a mobile rack.
2
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions
Front Panel
Introduction
Rear Panel
Operation and Performance
Front Panel Control
1
2
3
4 56 7
CH A
3
2
1
8
CH B
UNiKA
TD-14000
POWER
Figure 1
1. Carry/protection handle - Both handles can be used to carry the amplifier, they also act
as protection for the front panel.
2. Fan grill filter - A foam filter is located behind the front panel to prevent dust entering the
amplifier.
3. Input level attenuators - These controls are used to alter the signal level entering the
amplifier. They are calibrated to help set up active loudspeaker systems or cut down
unwanted noise from the input signal.
4. Mute indicator - This indicator will light when if a fault condition on the channel. The
possible conditions may be due to overload, overheat, CPL and VHF protection.
5. Over temperature protect indicator - This indicator lights if the amplifier tries to operate
above its maximum operating temperature (90°C). The indicator first comes on as a
warning to either turn down the input level or check the cooling arrangements after which
point the amplifier will mute the input signal. When the cooling fans have returned the
output heatsinks to the normal operating temperature the input signal is unmuted.
6. VHF protect indicator - This indicator lights when constant signals, above 12KHz at full
power, are present at the output terminals. When this happens the input signal is muted
and the process cycles until the VHF signal is no longer present.
7. Clip/limit indicator - This indicator tells when the amplifier output is clipping or limiting.
The two different states can be told apart:
 When the clip limiter is engaged it flickers briefly.
 When the clip limiter is not engaged it lights for a longer period.
8. AC Power switch - This is used to activate the amplifier.
3
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions
Introduction
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Operation and Performance
Rear Panel Control
PUSH
PUSH
~220V 60Hz
~110V 60Hz
ON
DIP ON
1 2 3 4 5 6
1
DIP
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
2
Figure 2
3
4
1. AC line cord - Mains input 110V or 220V
operation (Not selectable)
2. The DIP - switch features - The following
features may be adjusted using the DIPswitches on the rear panel of the amplifier.
 Gain - Globally set for all channels, from
+23dB to +44dB in 3dB steps.
ON
 Option active - Not currently implemented.
 Fan Masked - When on, engages the
DIP ON
1 2 3 4 5 6
DIP
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
intelligent fan feature; fan speed is lowered
when no signal is present.
 Bridge A+B - Switches the channel pairs into bridge mode operation, an automatic -6dB
gain compensation is applied.
 VPL - The Voltage Peak Limiter provides optimum peak voltage settings for each channel.
Level selections vary by model within the TD-14000 amplifier.
 Mode - Select VPL mode to either Hard or Soft operation. For channels driving sub-woofers
and low-frequency drivers, it is recommended to use the Hard setting for optimal operation.
For mid-and-high-frequency drivers, always select Soft.
3. Input connectors - This
amplifier is equipped with
XLR-F input connector, twochannel models also offer
parallel(”loop-thru”) XLR-M
output connectors for daisychaining multiple amplifiers
from the same signal source.
PUSH
PUSH
Audio inputs and loop-thru
connectors-tow-channel models
Binding Posts-two-channel
models
4. Output connectors - TD-14000 offered with Binding Post connectors for
speaker output connection.
4
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions
Introduction
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Operation and Performance
Operation and Performance
Signal flow blocks
The TD Series amplifier has the same signal flow, and the same feature sets. The
only internal differences are in the maximum output current per channel and VPL
settings.
The input stage of TD Serie amplifier has a high sensitivity to provide ample system
headroom. This in effect means that the input stage is almost impossible to clip.
Overall amplifier input gain is adjusted using the input stage DIP-switches. Please
note that the gain setting is global, affecting all channels. Following the input stage,
the dedicated level control on each channel allows signal attenuation from 0 dB to
minus.
The Current Peak Limiter (CPL) section dynamically limits the input signal based on
three parameters: sensed current level, feedback from the output stage, and sensed
voltage clip from the VPL (and output amplifier voltage clip if “Soft Clip” is activated).
This ensures that power output is maintained within the design limits of the amplifier.
The adjustable Voltage Peak Limiter (VPL) sets the maximum output voltage and
therefore also the maximum output power. Eight different voltage stages are
available using the DIP-switches on the rear panel.
The sophisticated output section monitors faults and generates appropriate
warnings, which are displayed on the amplifier front panel. These alerts allow the
operator to adjust system settings and thereby avoid problems. In the rare event that
conditions are extraordinarily severe, the amplifier will shut down until the fault or
problem setting has been rectified or adjusted. These sensing circuits are also
employed to feed back voltage and current level information, via a side chain, to the
limiters. Sensing circuit also transmit local amplifier module temperature and power
supply temperature to the appropriate protection mechanisms. Read the Protection,
Faults and Warnings section for further details.
Input Amplifier
Gain select switches
Level control
Clip Limiter
Front panel
potentiometer
Dynamic Gain
reduction
Voltage Peak Limiter
VPL select switches
Class TD
Hard/Soft switch
Voltage Clip sensing
Current clip sensing
Figure 3
TD-14000 signal flow
5
Output Power Amplifier
Control Mute
Monitoring Level
Temperature
Fault/Warning
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions
Introduction
Front Panel
Operation and Performance
Rear Panel
Headroom, Sensitivity and VPL/Gain settings
The input amplifier and limiter system is designed to accommodate extremes of
performance. Typically, exceeding maximum input by much as +10dB will only result in a 1%
increase in distortion. The following schematics illustrate how the adjustable VPL and Gain
circuitry affect input sensitivity and output power.
The tables of the figure 4 showed input sensitivity for TD-14000 with 2 ohm load and 195V
peak (max.) and 54V peak (min.) respectively for the eight different gain stages between
+23dB and +44dB. The resulting output power is displayed in dBu, Vrms and Watts in the
tables to the far right.
The headroom available through the input stage to the clip limiter is shown by the dotted
lines as +10dB at 195V peak and +16.1dB at 54V peak. These lines illustrate the additional
signal level that can be accepted at the input before any significant distortion will appear at
the input stage.




NOTE
NOTE
If you use the level potentiometer in the signal chain to reduce the level by an
amount greater than the headroom relative to input sensitivity, AND you drive the
amplifier to clip level, you are in danger of clipping the input stage before the
current or voltage peak limiters are activated.
When bridging two channels, you must add +6dB to the input sensitivity to
achieve maximum output voltage due to the automatic -6dB gain compensation
inserted by the amplifier.
Input Amplifier
Gain select switches
Level control
Clip Limiter
Front panel
potentiometer
Dynamic Gain
reduction
Voltage Peak Limiter
Output Power Amplifier
VPL select switches
Class TD
Hard/Soft switch
Control Mute
Voltage Clip sensing
Monitoring Level
Temperature
Fault/Warning
Current clip sensing
VPL set to 195 VPEAK
Input
Gain set to:
sensitivity (DIP-switches)
dBu / Vrms
1.0 / 0.87
+44 dB
4.0 / 1.23
+41 dB
7.0 / 1.7
+38 dB
+35 dB
10.0 / 2.5
+32 dB
13.0 / 3.5
+29 dB
16.0 / 4.9
+26 dB
19.0 / 6.9
+23 dB
22.0 / 9.8
+10 dB headroom to clip
relative to input sensitivity *)
VPL set to 54 VPEAK
Input
Gain set to:
sensitivity (DIP-switches)
dBu / Vrms
-10.1 / 0.24
+44 dB
+41 dB
-7.1 / 0.34
+38 dB
-4.1 / 0.5
+35 dB
-1.1 / 0.7
+32 dB
1.9 / 1.0
+29 dB
4.9 / 1.4
+26 dB
7.9 / 1.9
+23 dB
10.9 / 2.7
+16,1 dB headroom to clip
relative to input sensitivity *)
Voltage Peak
Limiter set to:
(DIP-switches)
Output Power
dBu / V rms
195 V peak
45.0 / 138
170 V peak
140 V peak
116 V peak
100 V peak
80 V peak
66 V peak
43.8 / 120
42.1 / 99
40.5 / 82
39.2 / 71
37.3 / 57
35.6 / 47
54 V peak
33.9 / 38
Figure 4
TD-14000 VPL and GAIN settings
*) Headrom limited to +5dB at Gain set to +23dB at Max. VPL
Output Power
@ 2 Ohm
Watt
6,500 W
6,500 W
4,970 W
3,540 W
2,550 W
1,850 W
1,330 W
960 W
6
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions
Introduction
Front Panel
Operation and Performance
Rear Panel
Audio Input and Output connections
Balanced Input connections
The XLR input connectors are electronically balanced, and wired according to the
IEC268 standard (pin2 = hot). XLR input connector should be wired as follows:
+
PUSH
2
1
3
PUSH
Gnd
Pin1 Ground/shield
Pin 2 Hot (+)
Pin3 Cold (-)
Figure 5
Audio inputs and loop-thru


NOTE
Figure 6
Balanced XLR wiring
schematic
When linking the same source signal to several input channels, be aware
that there is a limit to the number of channels an output source can “drive”.
A typical output source (e.g. a DSP crossover unit) can drive up to four
amplifier channels before external line-drivers might be required to buffer
the signal.
Unbalanced Input connections
+
2
1
+
3
-
-
Figure 7
Unbalanced XLR wiring schematic
To connect an input to an unbalanced source, it is possible to connect pins 1 and 3
in the XLR plug at the amplifier end of the cable. However, a better method is to
connect pin 3 to the shield at the source end of the cable, as this usually results in
better hum and noise rejection. Balanced input connections are recommended
whenever possible.
7
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions
Introduction
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Operation and Performance
Binding Post (BP) Output connectors
Refer to the instructions in this
section if your amplifier is
equipped with Binding Post output
connectors.
Connect the positive (+)
loudspeaker cable to the positive
(+) red terminals. Connect the
negative (-) loudspeaker cable to
the negative (-) black terminals.
For bridge mode, connect the
positive (+) terminal on Channel A
to the positive (+) loudspeaker
cable and the negative (-) terminal
on Channel B to the negative (-)
loudspeaker cable.
!




NOTE
NOTE
Figure 8
Binding Post outputs
The outputs on The TD-14000 amplifier produce high voltage. Do not
connect or disconnect the loudspeaker cables while the mains power is on.
Never operate the amplifier with any portion of bare loudspeaker wire
exposed.
Never connect an output terminal to ground, or to any other input or output.
Observe relative loudspeaker polarity: loudspeakers connected in reverse
polarity will exhibit degraded performance, particularly in bass frequencies,
and may be damaged as a consequence.
Use a high-quality stranded loudspeaker cable, and keep cable runs as short
as possible.
Output bridge mode
It is possible to bridge channels in two-channel versions. When bridged, the input source
must be connected to input A (A+B). Output speaker cables must be connected to the
plus pole on channel A and the minus pole on B.
Most power amplifier designs, when bridged, automatically introduce a +6dB input gain
boost which can lead the user to conclude that amplifier delivers “more than double the
power” when in bridge mode. This is clearly not the case, as the gain boost artificially
enhances perceived power at the cost of headroom. The TD-14000 amplifier works on
globally set constant gain, and automatically compensate the input gain by -6dB.
8
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions
Introduction
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Operation and Performance
Amplifier Gain
The TD-14000 amplifier feature adjustable input gain. This versatility enables the
amplifier to accommodate a multitude of system configurations with various input
sources and speaker layouts. Amplifier gain is set globally for all channels. The
range is +23dB to +44dB in 3dB steps. Individual channel fine level adjustment is
available using the potentiometers on the front panel.
The unique adjustable input gain feature of the TD-14000 makes it easier to attain
the optimum balance between headroom and signal-to-noise ratio in the signal path.
A weak signal at the input might require the gain to be raised in order to achieve
maximum output power with the lowest signal-to-noise ratio. A “hot” input signal,
however, would require a lowering of the gain to avoid sending the amplifier into
Voltage or Current clipping.
Channel gain/level (front-panel pots)
Individual channel gain (level) may be adjusted using the potentiometers located on
the front panel. Range is from 0dB to - infinity.


NOTE
If the level control is used to attenuate to a lower level than the headroom
relative to input sensitivity AND the amplifier input is driven into clip, there
is a danger of clipping the input stage before the current or voltage peak
limiters are activated.
Amplifier sensitivity
Sensitivity is defined as how many Volts (rms) or dBu (referred to 0.775 Vrm) are
required to achieve full (maximum) output power. As the output power varies with the
load impedance, 4 ohms is usually the common reference. Since TD-14000 amplifier
is capable of providing multiple maximum output power levels through use of the VPL
feature, many sensitivity calculations may be required for a single amplifier.
Output Voltage Peak Limiter (VPL)
Voltage Peak Limiter (VPL) is a unique feature in TD-14000 amplifier. It is used to
select the maximum power available on each output channel. VPL levels are set
using the rear-panel DIP-switches; eight level positions are offered.
9
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions
Introduction
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Operation and Performance
The values for VPL are displayed as maximum Voltage
Peak. To translate Voltage Peak into Vrms, you must
divide the Voltage Peak values by 1.41(see table). The
VPL allows you to set the correct maximum output peak
power for optimum performance with the connected
speakers. The correct setting depends on the system
type and the specific load connected to the channel.
Since each channel can be configured to deliver either
very high voltage peak power or high current draw at lowimpendances, it is important to set the VPL correctly.
If you choose a lower VPL setting, you only reduce the
maximum output voltage. At the same time, this allows
more current headroom for low-impedance loads. The
amplifier thus runs at higher efficiency, with a
significantly reduced risk of going into thermal
protection.
TD-14000
V peak
V rms
195
170
140
116
100
80
66
54
138
121
99
82
71
57
47
38
Figure 9
V peak to Vrms table
Output Current Peak Limiter (CPL)
The Current Peak Limiter (CPL) ensures that the amplifier will not be damaged by forcing
the amplifier to deliver current levels to the outputs that exceed the physical limits of the
transistors. The CPL keeps the amplifier within the Safe Operating Area (SOA).
The CPL is non-adjustable and has different limit values depending on model type.
CPL activity is indicated by illumination of an red LED for each channel on the front panel.
A steadily illuminated red CPL LED (with MUTE illuminated) indicates a short circuit
situation (or very low-impedance ). The output will mute for 6 seconds before measuring
the output impedance again. This will continue until the short circuit is fixed, at the same
time the output will automatically un-mute. An input signal must be present to allow
detection of short circuit or low-impedance conditions.


NOTE
The problem can be solved by checking input and output cables and
examining the state of the loudspeaker load. If there is no short circuit
present, then the condition may be rectified by lowering the VPL or input
levels.
Protection, faults and warnings
The TD-14000 amplifier incorporates a sophisticated and comprehensive set of
protection features. Faults and warnings are indicated on the front panel.
10
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions
Introduction
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Operation and Performance
Safe Operating Area Detector (SOAD)
The Safe Operating Area Detector (SOAD) compares output voltage against output
current to enure that the output transistors are working inside their safe operating
area.
The SOAD provides fault monitoring and input to the Current Peak Limiter (CPL).
The SOAD has no dedicated indicator, and its operation is revealed only in
conjunction with features such as the CPL.
Very High Frequency (VHF) protection
The TD-14000 amplifier includes protection circuits that detect continuous Ver High
Frequency content in the input signal. The detection begins at approximately 10KHz
and moves upwards to include ultrasonic signal. If VHF signals are detected, the
output will mute for 6 seconds before re-measuring. Once no continuing VHF signal
is detected, the output un-mutes and returns to normal operation.
This feature recognizes that continuous full-scale VHF signals do not appear in
“natural” sources such as music. Any such signals can therefore be considered as a
fault when present. VHF protection is essential in avoiding damage to high frequency
drivers.
The VHF protection operational area is dependent on output power level and
frequency. The illustration below shows a decreasing threshold on the output power
level, starting at approximately 10KHz and rising with a -6dB slope. This defines the
VHF protection area. When continuous output power above the threshold line is
detected the VHF protection becomes active.
Output
power
VHF protection
operation area
-6 dB slope
20Hz
10KHz
slow
20KHz
Max. Peak
output power
Max. Continous
output power
30KHz
Attack time
VHF protection
fast
20Hz
11
10KHz
20KHz
30KHz
Figure 10
VHF protection attack time vs output power/frequency
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions
Introduction
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Operation and Performance
The Attack time for the VHF protection is increasingly shorter at higher frequencies.
For example, an ultrasonic continuous signal will cause the outputs to mute rapidly,
where it will take several milliseconds for a 10KHz continuous signal to trigger the
output mute. This is shown in the illustration above.
The VHF protection is not a limiter and does not alter the amplifier’s frequency
response. it is implemented solely to detect continuous VHF content. The amplifier
will always pass VHF peaks at full power, with no effect on musical “transients”.
The VHF protection is indicated by a yellow LED on the amplifier front panel, with
output muting for 6 seconds when in action.


NOTE
If you bench test the amplifier using a continuous, full scale sine-wave
input above 10KHz, the VHF protection will activate and prevent
measurement of full peak output power. (Output will be muted long before
maximum output power is attained.) To measure the true peak output
power, use a burst signal.
DC protection


NOTE
DC protection is implemented on each output to prevent damage to
connected loudspeakers. DC present at the output will trigger muting and
illuminate the fault LED indicator. Any DC present at the output indicates a
hardware malfunction that requires servicing of the amplifier.
High-impedance warning (open load)
A high-impedance (open load) condition is indicated when an input signal above
approximately -29dB is detected and no functioning loudspeakers are connected to
the amplifier. The fault in indicated by a red Sig/Hi-imp LED. The indicator is green
when a valid load is present under the same input signal conditions.


NOTE
Since the Hi-impedance detection initially triggers only when the input
signal rises above -29dB, it might cause the indicator to first turn green, and
then red, even in situations where no speaker is connected.
Low-impedance protection warning
A low impedance or short circuit fault is detected when current draw is high (Current
Peak Limiter active) and when, simultaneously, output signal is low (-4dB LED does
not illuminate ). When this occurs, the amplifier protects the output stage from
damage by muting the output signal and bypassing the circuits. Indication of this fault
is a constant red illumination of the Current Peak Limiter (CPL) LED on the front
panel. The protection will sequence at 6 second intervals to re-meaure conditions. If
the low-impedance fault is no longer detected, the amplifier will un-mute.
12
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions


NOTE
Introduction
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Operation and Performance
If the CPL turns constant red, the output is muted, and the -4dB signal
LED is on, then the amplifier has gone into maximum current protection.
This situation is caused by an excessive input signal and is not due to a
short circuit. Turn down the input signal to avoid or remedy this situation.
Temperature protection
Thermal measurement points are provided on each output channel as well as on the
power supply. These indicators will, if the pre-specified temperature level is
exceeded, give a high temperature warning. This warning condition is indicated by
a flashing TEM LED on the front panel.
As the amplifier approaches a thermal protection threshold, the warning LED
sequence will start with short “ on-time” bursts. If the amplifier continues to
overheat and approaches the temperature limit, the flashing sequence will be
defined by longer and longer on-time bursts until the protection mode is activated.
If the temperature becomes too high to continue safe operation, the overheated
output channel(s) will be muted until the temperature returns to an acceptable level.
Fully active temperature protection (with muting) is indicated by a constantly
illuminated TEM LED. Temperature measurements will continue at 6 second
intervals. The output will un-mute when the channel or power supply returns to a
safe operating temperature.
Power Average Limiter (PAL)
The Power Average Limiter (PAL) controls the current-drawing relationship
between the power supply and the mains inlet. PAL limits the maximum average
power consumption according to the power supply capabilities, ensuring that the
PSU will not overload. In addition, in the larger models that potentially could pull
more current from the mains than the mains fuses are specified to handle (more
than 16A), PAL limits the amplifier’s maximum current draw to prevent blowing the
mains fuse.
Soft-Start
High powered amplifiers with inadequate inrush limiting can pull considerable
current from the mains at turn-on. This can result in tripping of fast-acting mains
breakers. Such is not the case with TD-14000 amplifier. The TD-14000 amplifier has
very low inrush power as the capacitors are charged slowly and in a controlled
manner ensuring that breakers will not trip.
13
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions
Introduction
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Operation and Performance
Front-panel monitoring and adjustments
Level indicators
The front-panel displays an array of ten LED indicators for level and status
monitoring of each amplifier channel. Indications related to signal levels are as
follows:
 Red CPL (Current Peak Limiter) flashing Indicates that output signal has
reached the limit of the output devices and limiting is in effect.
 Red VPL / CLIP Indicates that signal has reached maximum output voltage.
(Maximum voltage is determined by rear-panel VPL settings.)
 Green SIG to -4 Indicates output signal levels in normal operating range.
 SIG+HI-IMP (green / red) Indicates input signal above -44dB. Should the SIG
indicator turn red, this indicates a “high-impedance” or open connection has been
detected at the output. Possible faults include a disconnected cable or
malfunctioning loudspeaker. (In some cases a normal condition, such a sub-bass
enclosure with high-impedance at a certain frequency, can trigger this
indication.) If the -10dB LED illuminates and the HI-IMP LED turn red, then the
amplifier has detected an open load (no loudspeaker connected).
Level adjust
Level adjust potentiometers (one per channel) are located on the front panel adjacent
to the LED display. The potentiometer’s operational range is 0dB to minus infinity.
Mute indication
Individual channel Mute is indicated by illumination of the red Mute LED provided for
each channel.
Performance, Warning and Fault indicators:
Global Indicators:
 Power on / off (green) indicates that mains power is switched on.
 PAL, Power Average Limiter (red), indicates that the amplifier is limiting because
the power supply and / or the mains-inlet fuse has reached maximum capability.
14
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
Precautions
Introduction
Front Panel
Rear Panel
Operation and Performance
Channel Indicators:
 Bridge mode (yellow) indicates if two channels are bridged using the DIP-switch
on the rear panel.
 CPL, Current Peak Limiter (red), when flashing indicates the maximum possible
current draw has been reached.
 CPL, Current Peak Limiter (red), when constant indicates excessive current draw
caused by a short circuit on the output or very low operational impedance. MUTE
LED will illuminate and the output will mute for 6 seconds before re-meauring the
output impedance. This will continue until the short circuit is removed. CPL
remains constant red in a fault condition only when an input signal is present.
 Temperature (yellow) warning is indicated by a flashing LED. If the amplifier goes
into thermal protect (output muted), the TEM LED illuminates constant yellow and
the red MUTE LED illuminates.
 VHF, Very High Frequency protection (yellow) indicates that potentially harmful
continuous high frequencies have been detected on the input signal. The output is
muted (MUTE LED on).
 Hardware fault is indicated when both the CPL and TEM, VHF and MUTE
indicators light up simultaneously. The amplifier requires servicing before placing
back in operation.
Maintenance
During normal operation your TD-14000 amplifier will provide trouble-free service.
The only user maintenance required is to periodically vacuum clean the foam dustfilters behind the front grille.
In some extreme cases it may be necessary for authorized service personnel to
clean the inside of the amplifier. These conditions usually occur after prolonged use
in extreme environments such as those using “cracked oil” smoke machines. If you
are using your amplifier in a heavy duty application, it is recommended to have your
amplifier serviced every 3 years purely a preventative action.
15
AMPLIFIER TD-14000
SPECIFICATIONS
General
Number of channels
Peak total output both channels driven
Peak output voltage per channel
Max. output current per channel
2
14000 W
195 V
85 A peak
General
Max. Output Power
Per ch. (both ch.’s driven)
Bridged per ch.
2 ohms
7000 W
not recommended
Performance with Gain: 35 dB and VPL: 195 V
THD 20 Hz - 20 KHz for 1 W
THD at 1 KHz and 1 dB below clipping
Signal To Noise Ratio
Channel separation (Crosstalk) at 1 KHz
Frequency response (1 W into 8 ohms) +0/-3 dB
Input impedance
Input Common Mode Rejection, CMR
Output impedance @ 100 Hz
<0.1%
<0.05%
>112 dBA
>70 dB
2 Hz - 34.2 KHz
20 KOhm
54 dB
19 mOhm
Voltage Peak Limiter (VPL), max. peak output
VPL, selectable per ch.
VPL, selectable when bridged
Voltage Peak Limiter mode (per ch.)
195, 170, 140, 116, 100, 80, 66, 54 V
390, 340, 280, 232, 200, 160, 132, 108 V
Hard / Soft
Gain and Level
Amplier gain selectable (all channels)
– rear-panel switches
Default gain
Connectors and Switches
Input connectors (per ch.)
Output connectors (per ch.)
Output bridge mode
Intelligent fans (on/off)
Cooling
Front-panel indicators:
Common
Per channel
Power
Minimum power-up voltage, 220 V / 110 V
Power Average Limiter (PAL)
Soft start / Inrush Current Draw
4 ohms
4400 W
14000 W
8 ohms
2350 W
8800 W
16 ohms
1200 W
4700 W
23, 26, 29, 32, 35, 38, 41, 44 dB
35 dB
3-pin XLR, electronically balanced
Binding Posts 2-pole
A+B - Ch. A is signal input source
Yes, depending on presence temperature of the copper heatsink
Two fans, front-to-rear airow, temperature controlled speed
Power Average Limiter (PAL) ; Power on
Signal present / High-impedance; -20 dB, -15 dB, -10 dB and -4 dB output signal;
Voltage Peak Limiter (VPL); Current Peak Limiter (CPL); Very High Frequency
(VHF); High temperature; Mute
190 V / 95 V
Yes
Yes / max. 5 A
16
P R O F E S S I O N A L
A U D I O
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