QFX10000 Modular Ethernet Switches - stack

Data Sheet
QFX10000 Modular
Ethernet Switches
Product Overview
Product Description
The QFX10000 line of modular
The Juniper Networks® QFX10000 line of modular Ethernet switches delivers up to 96
data center spine and core
Tbps of system throughput, scalable to over 200 Tbps in the future, to meet the rapid
Ethernet switches delivers
and ongoing traffic growth in the data center. Industry-leading scale and density on the
industry-leading scale, flexibility
QFX10000 modular switches redefine per-slot economics, enabling customers to do more
and openness, with a design that
enables the seamless transition
from 10GbE and 40GbE interface
speeds to 100GbE and beyond.
with less while simplifying network design and reducing OpEx. Based on purpose-built Q5
ASICs, the QFX10000 line delivers unparalleled intelligence and analytics, providing deeper
insights into application performance.
These high-performance,
The QFX10000 line can be deployed in a number of different network designs and fabrics,
forward-looking switches are
including Layer 3 fabric and Juniper MC-LAG for Layer 2 and Layer 3 networks, giving
designed to help cloud and
customers complete architectural flexibility. Additionally, the open architecture ensures that
data center operators extract
maximum value and intelligence
from their network infrastructure
well into the future.
customers can innovate on top of Juniper Networks Junos® operating system to accelerate
the pace of innovation.
The QFX10000 is also a key component of Juniper Networks MetaFabric™ Architecture,
which provides a simple, open and smart approach to building data center networks.
Additionally, the QFX10000 supports Data Center Interconnect (DCI), critical to workload
mobility and application availability.
For networks evolving to SDN, the QFX10000 can integrate with VMware NSX SDN
controllers and can act as a Virtual Extensible LAN (VXLAN) Layer 2 and Layer 3 gateway.
The open and standards-based QFX10000 switches can also interoperate with the Open
vSwitch Database (OVSDB) to support automated management and control capabilities.
The QFX10000 line can integrate with OpenContrail SDN controller to allow users to
choose their preferred SDN systems.
Two QFX10000 modular chassis options are available, providing full deployment flexibility:
• QFX10008 Ethernet Switch, an 8-slot, 13 U chassis that supports up to eight line cards
• QFX10016 Ethernet Switch, a 16-slot, 21 U chassis that supports up to 16 line cards
Both QFX10000 modular chassis can accommodate any combination of the following
QFX10000 Ethernet line cards:
• QFX10000-36Q, a 36-port 40GbE quad small form-factor pluggable plus transceiver
(QSFP+) or 12-port 100GbE QSFP28 line card
• QFX10000-30C, a 30-port 100GbE QSFP28/40GbE QSFP+ line card
• QFX10000-60S-6Q, a 60-port 1GbE/10GbE SFP/SFP+ line card with six-port 40GbE
QSFP+ / two-port 100GbE QSFP28*
* Roadmap
QFX10000 Modular Ethernet Switches
Data Sheet
Fully configured, a single QFX10016 chassis can support up to
future, providing unparalleled investment protection. The system is
480 100GbE ports, delivering the industry’s highest line-rate
designed from the ground up to support 400GbE in future.
100GbE port densities in its class. The QFX10000 switch fabric
is capable of delivering up to 7.2 Tbps (full duplex) per slot, and
the midplane-less orthogonal interconnect architecture ensures
system longevity.
QFX10000 Modular Switches Highlights
• Industry-leading line-rate 100GbE port density with up to
480 100GbE ports in a single chassis
• Up to 96 Tbps Layer 2 and Layer 3 performance, scalable to
over 200 Tbps in the future
• Unparalleled investment protection with high density 10GbE,
40GbE, and 100GbE; 400GbE ready
• System longevity with midplane-less orthogonal interconnect
• Highest logical Layer 2 / Layer 3 scale; up to 1M MACs,
2 million host routes, 2 million FIB
• Deep buffers with up to 100ms packet buffering per port
• No head-of-line blocking with virtual output Queue (VoQ)based architecture
• Flexible network architectures including Layer 3 fabric and
Juniper MC-LAG for Layer 2 and Layer 3 networks
• Juniper Virtualized Open Network Operating System
framework for programmability through APIs
• High availability with non-stop routing (NSR), non-stop
bridging (NSB), and graceful route engine switchover (GRES)
• Rich automation capabilities with operations and event
scripts, Python, Chef, and Puppet
Architecture and Key Components
The QFX10000 modular data center spine and core Ethernet
To maintain uninterrupted operation, the QFX10000 fan trays
cool the line cards, Control Board, and Switch Fabric modules
with redundant, variable-speed fans. In addition, the QFX10000
power supplies convert building power to the internal voltage
required by the system.
All QFX10000 components are hot-swappable, and all central
functions are available in redundant configurations, providing
high operational availability by allowing continuous system
operation during maintenance or repairs.
QFX10000 Line Cards
The QFX10000 line cards support an extensive set of Layer 2 and
Layer 3 services that can be deployed in any combination of L2L3 applications.
Each QFX10000 line card is unique in its ability to support
tri-speed 10GbE, 40GbE and 100GbE connections, enabling
customers to transition seamlessly from one speed to another
as their needs change. The unprecedented port density, high
logical table sizes and up to 100ms deep packet buffers allow
customers to deploy the most scalable systems necessary to
meet the exponential data growth in the data center.
Each QFX10000 line card is built upon the Juniper Q5 silicon,
which supports a wide range of Layer 2 and Layer 3 Ethernet
functionality including 802.1Q VLAN, VXLAN, link aggregation,
Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP), L2 to L3 mapping,
and port monitoring. Additionally, the line cards support filtering,
sampling, load balancing, rate limiting, class of service (CoS),
MPLS, Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) transit functionality,
and other key features needed to deploy a dependable, lossless,
high-performance Ethernet infrastructure.
switches share a number of architectural elements. The Control
QFX10000 Control Board
Boards (CBs) employed by these switches run Junos OS, which
The QFX10000 Control Board supports control and management
processes all Layer 2 and Layer 3 protocols, while the Switch
plane functionality with an integrated Routing Engine (RE) that
Fabric modules manage the chassis and provide switching
features a quad-core, 2.5 GHz Intel processor with 32 gigabytes of
functionality for data traffic coming from line cards.
SDRAM and an on-board solid-state drive (SSD) providing 32 GB
The QFX10000 line cards, which are common across all modular
QFX10000 platforms, include Packet Forwarding Engines (PFEs)
that process network traffic, as well as a line-card processor that
provides scalable local control.
The QFX10000 Virtual Output Queue (VOQ)-based architecture
is designed to scale to very large deployments, with no headof-line blocking, a single-tier low-latency switch fabric, efficient
multicast replication handling, and deep buffering to ensure
performance at scale. The horizontal line cards in the front of the
chassis directly connect with the vertical switch fabric cards in
the rear of the chassis via orthogonal interconnects, without the
need for a midplane. This midplane-less architecture ensures a
smooth upgrade process to higher-speed switch fabric cards in the
of storage for Junos OS images and logs. The CB also has a front
SSD slot to support a hot swappable SSD for secondary images
and other external storage. The CB features AUX, console, and
Ethernet ports on the front panel to support out-of-band system
management and monitoring, while an external USB port provides
a removable media interface to install Junos OS images manually.
The CB’s central CPU performs all system control functions and
maintains hardware forwarding table and routing protocol states
for the QFX10000 modular switches. Dedicated hardware on
the CB module supports chassis management functions such
as environmental monitoring, while communication between CB
modules and individual line cards takes place over a dedicated
internal 10GbE out-of-band control interface.
QFX10000 Modular Ethernet Switches
Data Sheet
QFX10000 Switch Fabric
Layer 3 Fabric: For customers looking to build scale-out
The QFX10000 Switch Fabric modules are hot-swappable
data centers, a Layer 3 spine and leaf Clos Fabric is ideal due
and serve as the central non-blocking matrix through which all
to its non-blocking and predictable performance and scale
network data passes.
characteristics. As an example, a two-tier fabric with the
QFX10000 switches as the spine and QFX5100 switches as leafs
Both the QFX10008 and QFX10016 systems have six Switch
can scale to support more than 50,000 10GbE server ports at 3:1
Fabric cards that provide N+1 redundancy. The Switch Fabric
cards deliver 7.2 Tbps throughput per slot. The switch cards
can be upgraded to provide more than 200 Tbps of system
One of the most complicated tasks in building an IP fabric
throughput in the future.
is assigning all of the details such as IP addresses, BGP AS
numbers, routing policy, loopback addresses, and many other
Switch Fabric modules perform the following key functions:
• Monitor and control system functions
• Interconnect all line cards
• Handle clock and system resets
The QFX10008 contains six power supply bays while the
QFX10016 has ten power supply bays to provide complete
implementation details. Automating the creation of an IP fabric
at a large scale is also difficult. Juniper has created the OpenClos
project to provide free, open-source tools to automate the
creation of IP fabrics in the data center. OpenClos is a set of
Python scripts developed as an open-source project that live
on GitHub. OpenClos takes a set of inputs that describe the
shape and size of a data center and outputs network switch
configuration files and even a cabling plan.
flexibility for provisioning and redundancy. Each power supply has
Juniper MC-LAG: The QFX10000 switches also eliminate
its own internal fan for cooling. All QFX10000 chassis support
Spanning Tree Protocol in traditional Layer 2 networks when
both AC and DC power supplies; however, AC and DC supplies
deployed in a MC-LAG configuration. The active-active operation
cannot be mixed in the same chassis.
of MC-LAG ensures complete bandwidth utilization between the
The AC supplies on the QFX10008 chassis accept 200 to 240
volts alternating current (VAC) input and deliver 2,700 watts of
network’s access and aggregation layers, while the dual control
plane technology ensures highest availability for applications.
power to the chassis, while the DC power supplies accept -40
Overlays: Customers can deploy overlay networks to provide
to -72 volts direct current (VDC) input and deliver 2,500 watts
Layer 2 adjacencies for applications over Layer 3 fabrics. The
of power to the chassis. Each AC and DC power supply has two
overlay networks use VXLAN in the data plane and EVPN or
inputs for feed redundancy.
OVSDB for programming the overlays. The overlays can operate
The QFX10000 modular chassis support front-to-back cooling
without a controller, or can be orchestrated with an SDN
controller like OpenContrail or VMware NSX.
with air being pulled in through the perforations on the Control
Carrier-Class Operating System
Boards and the line cards in the front of the chassis. Hot air is
The QFX10000 line of switches runs the same Junos OS used
exhausted through the fan trays that are placed in front of the
by all other Juniper Networks EX Series and QFX Series Ethernet
fabric cards in the rear of the chassis as well as through the
Switches, as well as the Juniper Networks routers that power the
power supplies.
world’s largest and most complex networks.
Each chassis hosts two fan tray subsystems with redundant fans.
By using a common operating system, Juniper delivers a
Each fan tray subsystem consists of a fan tray controller and a
consistent implementation and operation of control plane
fan tray. The fan tray controller provides power to the fan trays
features across all products. Junos OS employs a highly available
and manages the fans in the fan tray.
modular architecture that prevents isolated failures from bringing
Flexible Network Architectures
down an entire system. Key Junos OS features that enhance the
The QFX10000 switches support a diverse set of deployment
options, including Layer 3 fabric and Layer 2 and Layer 3 networks
functionality and capabilities of the QXF10000 include:
• Software modularity, with process modules running
with Juniper multichassis link aggregation group (MC-LAG).
independently in their own protected memory space and
Customers can choose the architecture that best suits their
with the ability to do process restarts
deployment needs and easily adapt and evolve as requirements
change over time. The QFX10000 switches serve as the universal
building block for all of these switching architectures, enabling
data center operators to build cloud networks their way.
• Uninterrupted routing and forwarding with features such as
nonstop routing (NSR) and nonstop bridging (NSB)
• Commit and rollback functionality that ensures error-free
network configurations
• A powerful set of scripts for on-box problem detection,
reporting, and resolution
QFX10000 Modular Ethernet Switches
Data Sheet
Layer 2/3
Layer 3
QFX5100 Leafs
Layer 3 Fabric
Figure 1: QFX10000 modular switches can be deployed in Layer 3 fabric or MC-LAG configurations.
Juniper Virtualized Open Network Operating
System Framework
For cloud deployments, Network Director provides a set of REST
The QFX10000 switches have an open software architecture
by simplifying the consumption of services for multitenant
that enables customers to innovate along with Juniper to
environments. With third-party cloud orchestration tool
accelerate the pace of innovation. Customers can create and run
integration, the Network Director API enables automation and
applications alongside Junos; these applications can then follow
provisioning of Layer 2, Layer 3, and security services in the data
their own software release schedule.
center without the need for manual operator intervention.
This new solution offers modularity and direct programmability
Features and Benefits
through APIs. The platform and Packet Forwarding Engine (PFE)
High Availability
modules are separate from the control module(s). Customers
can create and run guest applications, either as a VM or a Linux
daemon, alongside Junos and communicate with Junos and
also directly with platform and PFE modules through normalized
programmable APIs. Having the ability to build applications that
can program the QFX10000 control plane, data plane and the
platform itself, the customers can implement specific and unique
network forwarding functions and automate the control and
management by integrating with the customer’s SDN controller
and orchestration tools. The Juniper QFX10000 programmable
APIs have a stable abstraction so that the customer applications
can work across Juniper platforms as well as future Junos
APIs that enable on-demand and dynamic network services
QFX10000 modular spine and core switches deliver a number of
high availability features that ensure uninterrupted, carrier-class
performance. Each QFX10000 chassis includes an extra slot to
accommodate a redundant RE module that serves as a backup
in hot-standby mode, ready to take over in the event of a master
RE failure. If the master fails, the integrated Layer 2 and Layer 3
graceful Routing Engine switchover (GRES) feature of Junos OS,
working in conjunction with the nonstop active routing (NSR) and
nonstop bridging (NSB) features, ensures a seamless transfer
of control to the backup, maintaining uninterrupted access to
applications, services, and IP communications.
releases. Based on Apache Thrift, the Juniper QFX10000
Virtual Output Queue (VOQ)
supports standardized API definition via Interface Description
The QFX10000 switches support a virtual output queue (VOQ)-
Language (IDL) while allowing the use of customer’s favorite
based architecture designed for very large deployments. VOQ refers
programming language.
to a queue on the egress port that is maintained by the ingress PFE.
Other services such as analytics and automation can also run
With VOQ architecture, packets are queued and dropped on ingress
as separate daemons and can be directly accessed through
during congestion with no head-of-line blocking.
orchestration tools.
Junos Space Network Director
The QFX10000 switches support a number of features for network
The QFX10000 switches can be managed through Junos Space
automation and plug-and-play operations. Features include
Network Director, a next-generation network management
operations and event scripts, automatic rollback, and Python
solution that allows users to visualize, analyze, and control the
scripting. The switches can also support integration with VMware
entire enterprise network—data center and campus, physical
NSX, OpenContrail, Puppet, OpenStack, and CloudStack.
and virtual—through a single pane of glass. Network Director
incorporates sophisticated analytics for real-time intelligence,
trended monitoring, and automation to increase agility as well as
faster rollout and activation of services.
QFX10000 switches support a broad set of MPLS features,
including L3 VPN, IPv6 provider edge router (6PE, 6VPE), RSVP
traffic engineering, and LDP to allow standards-based network
segmentation and virtualization.
QFX10000 Modular Ethernet Switches
CLI, SNMP, PyEZ, RubyEZ, Junos Script
Junos OS XML-RPC Device Management Interface
Junos OS
RE 0
Junos OS
RE 1
Guest App
Guest VM
Open Standardized API
• Programmable Access to Control Plane,
Data Plane, and Platform
Guest App
Data Sheet
Figure 2: Juniper Virtualized Open Network Operating System Framework
The QFX10000 supports Layer 2 and Layer 3 gateway services
that enable VXLAN-to-VLAN connectivity at any tier of the data
center network, from server access to the edge. The QFX10000
can integrate with NSX through data plane (VXLAN) and
control and management plane (OVSDB) protocols to centrally
automate and orchestrate the data center network.
As Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) transit switches, the
QFX10000 line provides an IEEE data center bridging (DCB)
converged network between FCoE-enabled servers and an
FCoE-enabled Fibre Channel storage area network (SAN). The
QFX10000 offers a full-featured DCB implementation that
provides strong monitoring capabilities, helping SAN and LAN
administration teams maintain clear management separation.
The FCoE transit switch functionality, including priority-based
flow control (PFC) and Data Center Bridging Capability Exchange
(DCBX), are included as part of the default software.
QFX10000 Modular Ethernet Switches
Data Sheet
Operating System
Junos OS
Table 1: QFX10000 System Capacity
Control Board
Total number of I/O
• Up to 86.4
Tbps raw fabric
• Up to 7.2 Tbps
(full duplex) per
slot usable fabric
• 5+1 fabric
• Up to 172.8
Tbps raw fabric
• Up to 7.2 Tbps
(full duplex) per
slot usable fabric
• 5+1 fabric
Holds up to six power
• -40 to -72 VDC
• 200 to 240 VAC
Holds up to ten
power supplies:
• -40 to -72 VDC
• 200 to 240 VAC
• Front-to-back airflow
• Dual hot-swappable fan trays with
redundant fans
• As low as 2.5 microseconds within a PFE
• As low as 5.5 microseconds across PFEs
Juniper standard one-year warranty
System throughput
Up to 48 Tbps
Up to 96 Tbps
Forwarding capacity
Up to 16 Bpps
Up to 32 Bpps
Maximum bandwidth/slot
Master and backup CBs (1+1 redundancy)
Intel Quad Core 2.5GHz CPU
32 gigabytes SDRAM
50 gigabytes onboard SSD
Pluggable solid-state drive (SSD)
USB 2.0 storage interface
Four SFP/SFP+ MACsec-capable ports
Fiber (SFP) or 10/100/1000BASE-T
(RJ-45) Ethernet management port
• One console port
7.2 Tbps/slot
Maximum 10GbE port
Maximum 40GbE port
Maximum 100GbE port
Table 2: QFX10000 Chassis Specifications
(W x H x D):
17.4 x 22.55 x 32 in
(44.2 x 57.3 x 81.3
17.4 x 36.65 x 35 in
(44.2 x 93 x 88.9 cm)
Rack units
13 U
21 U
280 lbs (127 kg)
322 lbs (146 kg)
491 lbs (223 kg)
596 lbs (270 kg)
493 lbs (224 kg)
938 lbs (425 kg)
Base configuration
Fully loaded chassis
• Midplane-less orthogonal interconnect
• Separate dedicated data, control, and
management planes
• Secure, modular architecture that isolates
• Transparent failover and network recovery
Table 3: Line Card Specifications
Dimensions (W x H x D):
17.2 x 1.89 x 20.54 in
(43.7 x 4.8 x 52.2 cm)
17.2 x 1.89 x 20.54 in
(43.7 x 4.8 x 52.2 cm)
17.2 x 1.89 x 20.54 in
(43.7 x 4.8 x 52.2 cm)
22.6 lbs (10.2 kg)
27 lbs (12.2 kg)
21.4 lbs (9.7 kg)
Maximum 10GbE port density
Maximum 40GbE port density
Maximum 100GbE port density
12 GB
12 GB
8 GB
Table 4: QFX10000 System Power Consumption (Line Cards Not Included)
Typical Power
Reserved Power
Typical Power
Reserved Power
Base system
1,517 W
2,472 W
3,989 W
6,124 W
Redundant system
1,765 W
2,866 W
4,618 W
7,023 W
* Roadmap
QFX10000 Modular Ethernet Switches
Data Sheet
Table 5: QFX10000 Component Power Consumption
Forwarding information base (FIB)
Up to 2 million
Host routes
Up to 2 million
IPv4 Multicast routes
Up to 128,000
IPv6 Multicast routes
Up to 128,000
Multicast groups
Up to 128,000
Up to 8,000
Filter terms
Up to 64,000
Up to 8,000
Output queues per port
Virtual Output Queues
384,000 per PFE
Table 6: QFX10000 Modular Switches Scale (Uni-dimensional)
Link aggregation groups (LAG)
Distributed BFD sessions
200/line card
Members / LAG
GRE tunnels
MPLS Layer 3 VPNs
(Advanced Feature License)
Typical Power
QFX10000-36Q Line Card
520 W
690 W
QFX10000-30C Line Card
890 W
1,100 W
QFX10000-60S-6Q Line Card
365 W
480 W
QFX10008 Switch Fabric
170 W
225 W
QFX10016 Switch Fabric
510 W
675 W
QFX10000 Control Board
50 W
125 W
QFX10008 Fan Tray
225 W
475 W
QFX10016 Fan Tray
475 W
975 W
Media access control (MAC) addresses
Up to 1 million
ARP entries
Up to 510,000, or
64,000 per PFE
Jumbo frames
9,216 Bytes maximum
Layer 2 Features
• 802.1D – Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)
• 802.1w – Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP)
• 802.1s – Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP)
• VLAN Spanning Tree Protocol (VSTP)
• 802.1AB Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP)
• VLAN Registration Protocol
• QinQ
Link Aggregation
• 802.3ad – Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP)
• Multi-chassis Link Aggregation (MC-LAG)
Layer 3 Features
• Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) v1/v2/v3
• Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) v1/v2
• IGMP Proxy, Querier
• IGMP snooping
• MLD snooping
• Protocol Independent Multicast PIM-SM, PIM-SSM, PIM-DM
• Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP)
Firewall Filters
• Ingress and egress L2-L4 access control lists (ACLs):
-- Port ACLs
• Static routing
• RIP v1/v2
-- Router ACLs
• OSPF v1/v2
• OSPF v3
• Control plane denial-of-service (DoS) protection
Quality of Service (QoS)
• Filter-based forwarding
• Single rate three color policer
• Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)
• Two rate three-color policer
• IPv6
• Congestion prevention:
• Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD)
-- Weighted random early detection (WRED)
• Virtual routers
-- Tail drop
• Unicast reverse path forwarding (uRPF)
-- Explicit congestion notification (ECN) marking
• Loop-free alternate (LFA)
• Priority-based scheduling:
• BGP (Premium Feature license or Advanced Feature license)
-- Low-latency queuing with strict high priority
• IS-IS (Premium Feature license or Advanced Feature license)
-- Weighted round-robin (WRR) queuing
• DHCP v4/v6 relay
• VR-aware DHCP
• IPv4 / IPv6 over GRE tunnels (interface-based)
QFX10000 Modular Ethernet Switches
MPLS (Advanced Feature License)
Data Sheet
• Image rollback
• OpenStack Neutron Plug-in
• Puppet
• LDP tunneling (LDP over RSVP)
• Chef
• Fast reroute (FRR)
• Python
• IPv6 tunneling (6PE)
• Junos OS event, commit and OP scripts
• Ingress, transit, and egress label-switched paths (LSPs)
• RMON (RFC 2819): Groups 1, 2, 3, 9
• IPv4 Layer 3 VPNs
• Network Time Protocol (NTP)
• IPv6 Layer 3 VPNs (6VPE)
• SSHv2
• Layer 2 circuits
• Secure copy
Overlays (Premium Feature License or Advanced
Feature License)
• DNS resolver
• System logging
• Integration with Juniper Networks Contrail*
• Environment monitoring
• Integration with VMware NSX SDN controller*
• Temperature sensor
• Configuration backup via FTP/secure copy
• Open vSwitch Database (OVSDB)
• VXLAN L2 and L3 gateway
• Debugging: CLI via console, telnet, or SSH
• Ethernet VPN (EVPN)-VXLAN
• Diagnostics: Show, debug, and statistics commands
High Availability
• Port mirroring
• Graceful Routing Engine switchover (GRES)
• IP tools: Extended ping and trace
• Nonstop active routing (NSR)
• Juniper Networks commit and rollback
• Nonstop bridging (NSB)
• Precision Timing Protocol (PTP)
-- Transparent clock
IEEE Compliance
• IEEE 802.1AB: Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP)
• IEEE 802.1ad: QinQ
• IEEE 802.1D-2004: Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)
• IEEE 802.1p: Class-of-service (CoS) prioritization
• Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN)
• IEEE 802.1Q: Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks
• IEEE 802.1s: Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol (MSTP)
• IEEE 802.1w: Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP)
• Firewall filter-based port mirroring
• IEEE 802.3: 10BASE-T
• sFlow v5
• IEEE 802.3u: 100BASE-T
Data Center Bridging
• IEEE 802.3ab: 1000BASE-T
• Priority-based flow control (PFC)—IEEE 802.1Qbb
• IEEE 802.3z: 1000BASE-X
• Data Center Bridging Exchange Protocol (DCBX), DCBx FCoE,
and iSCSI type, length, and value (TLVs)
• IEEE 802.3ae: 10-Gigabit Ethernet
Management and Operations
• IEEE 802.3ba: 40-Gigabit/100-Gigabit Ethernet
• IEEE 802.3ad: Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP)
• Junos Space Network Director
• IEEE 802.1Qbb: Priority-based Flow Control
• Junos OS CLI via console, telnet, SSH
• IEEE 802.1Qaz: Enhanced Transmission Selection
• Out-of-band management: Serial; 10/100/1000BASE-T
• Role-based CLI management and access
• Junos XML management protocol
• ASCII configuration file
• SNMP v1/v2/v3
• Extensive MIB support
• Junos OS configuration rescue and rollback
RFC Compliance
• RFC 768: UDP
• RFC 783: Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
• RFC 791: IP
• RFC 792: Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP)
• RFC 793: TCP
• RFC 826: ARP
• RFC 854: Telnet client and server
• RFC 894: IP over Ethernet
• RFC 903: Reverse Address Resolution Protocol (RARP)
QFX10000 Modular Ethernet Switches
Data Sheet
• RFC 906: TFTP Bootstrap
• RFC 2463: ICMPv6
• RFC 951, 1542: BootP
• RFC 1027: Proxy ARP
• RFC 2464: Transmission of IPv6 Packets over Ethernet
• RFC 1058: RIP v1
• RFC 2474: DiffServ Precedence, including 8 queues/port
• RFC 1112: IGMP v1
• RFC 2526: Reserved IPv6 Subnet Anycast Addresses
• RFC 1122: Host Requirements
• RFC 2545: Use of BGP-4 Multiprotocol Extensions for IPv6
Interdomain Routing
• RFC 1142: OSI IS-IS Intra-domain Routing Protocol
• RFC 1256: IPv4 ICMP Router Discovery Protocol (IRDP)
• RFC 1492: TACACS+
• RFC 1519: Classless Interdomain Routing (CIDR)
• RFC 1587: OSPF NSSA Option
• RFC 1591: Domain Name System (DNS)
• RFC 1745: BGP4/IDRP for IP-OSPF Interaction
• RFC 1765: OSPF Database Overflow
• RFC 1771: Border Gateway Protocol 4
• RFC 1772: Application of the Border Gateway Protocol in the
• RFC 2597: DiffServ Assured Forwarding (AF)
• RFC 2598: DiffServ Expedited Forwarding (EF)
• RFC 2697: A Single Rate Three Color Marker
• RFC 2698: A Two Rate Three Color Marker
• RFC 2710: Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) for IPv6
• RFC 2711: IPv6 Router Alert Option
• RFC 2740: OSPF for IPv6
• RFC 2796: BGP Route Reflection (supersedes RFC 1966)
• RFC 2796: Route Reflection
• RFC 1812: Requirements for IP Version 4 Routers
• RFC 2858: Multiprotocol Extensions for BGP-4
• RFC 1965: Autonomous System Confederations for BGP
• RFC 2893: Transition Mechanisms for IPv6 Hosts and Routers
• RFC 1981: Path maximum transmission unit (MTU) discovery
for IPv6
• RFC 2918: Route Refresh Capability for BGP-4
• RFC 1997: BGP Communities Attribute
• RFC 3032: MPLS Label Stack Encoding
• RFC 2030: Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP)
• RFC 3036: LDP Specification
• RFC 2068: HTTP server
• RFC 3065: Autonomous System Confederations for BGP
• RFC 2080: RIPng for IPv6
• RFC 3176: sFlow
• RFC 2081: RIPng Protocol Applicability Statement
• RFC 3215: LDP State Machine
• RFC 2131: BOOTP/Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
(DHCP) relay agent and DHCP server
• RFC 3306: Unicast Prefix-based IPv6 Multicast Addresses
• RFC 2138: RADIUS Authentication
• RFC 3392: Capabilities Advertisement with BGP-4
• RFC 2139: RADIUS Accounting
• RFC 3446: Anycast Rendevous Point (RP) Mechanism using
• RFC 2154: OSPF with Digital Signatures (password, Message
Digest 5)
• RFC 3031: Multiprotocol Label Switching Architecture
• RFC 3376: IGMP v3
• RFC 3478: Graceful Restart for Label Distribution Protocol
• RFC 2236: IGMP v2
• RFC 3484: Default Address Selection for IPv6
• RFC 2267: Network Ingress Filtering
• RFC 3513: Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) Addressing
• RFC 2270: BGP-4 Dedicated autonomous system (AS) for
sites/single provider
• RFC 3569: PIM-SSM PIM Source Specific Multicast
• RFC 2283: Multiprotocol Extensions for BGP-4
• RFC 2328: OSPF v2 (Edge mode)
• RFC 2338: VRRP
• RFC 2362: PIM-SM (Edge mode)
• RFC 3587: IPv6 Global Unicast Address Format
• RFC 3618: Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP)
• RFC 3623: OSPF Graceful Restart
• RFC 3768: Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)
• RFC 2370: OSPF Opaque LSA Option
• RFC 3810: Multicast Listener Discovery Version 2 (MLDv2)
for IP
• RFC 2373: IPv6 Addressing Architecture
• RFC 3973: PIM-Dense Mode
• RFC 2375: IPv6 Multicast Address Assignments
• RFC 2385: TCP MD5 Authentication for BGPv4
• RFC 4213: Basic Transition Mechanisms for IPv6 Hosts
and Routers
• RFC 2439: BGP Route Flap Damping
• RFC 4291: IPv6 Addressing Architecture
• RFC 2453: RIP v2
• RFC 4360: BGP Extended Communities Attribute
• RFC 2460: Internet Protocol, v6 (IPv6) specification
• RFC 4364: BGP/MPLS IP Virtual Private Networks (VPNs)
• RFC 2461: Neighbor Discovery for IP Version 6 (IPv6)
• RFC 4443: ICMPv6 for the IPv6 specification
• RFC 2462: IPv6 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration
• RFC 4486: Sub codes for BGP Cease Notification message
• RFC 4552: Authentication/Confidentiality for OSPFv3
QFX10000 Modular Ethernet Switches
Data Sheet
• RFC 4604: Using Internet Group Management Protocol
Version 3 (IGMPv3)
• RFC 3411: An architecture for describing SNMP Management
• RFC 4724: Graceful Restart Mechanism for BGP
• RFC 3412: Message Processing and Dispatching for the SNMP
• RFC 4798: Connecting IPv6 Islands over IPv4 MPLS Using
IPv6 Provider Edge Routers (6PE)
• RFC 3413: SNMP Application MIB
• RFC 4861: Neighbor Discovery for IPv6
• RFC 4862: IPv6 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration
• RFC 5095: Deprecation of Type 0 Routing Headers in IPv6
• RFC 3414: User-based Security Model (USM) for version 3 of
• RFC 3415: View-based Access Control Model (VACM) for the
• RFC 5286, Basic Specification for IP Fast Reroute: Loop-Free
• RFC 3416: Version 2 of the Protocol Operations for the SNMP
• RFC 5306: Restart Signaling for IS-IS
• RFC 3418: Management Information Base (MIB) for the
• RFC 5308: Routing IPv6 with IS-IS
• RFC 5340: OSPF for IPv6
• RFC 5880: Bidirectional Forwarding Detection
Network Management—MIB Support
• RFC 3417: Transport Mappings for the SNMP
• RFC 3584: Coexistence between Version 1, Version 2, and
Version 3 of the Internet-standard Network Management
• RFC 1155: Structure of Management Information (SMI)
• RFC 3826: The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Cipher
Algorithm in the SNMP
• RFC 1157: SNMPv1
• RFC 4188: STP and Extensions MIB
• RFC 1212, RFC 1213, RFC 1215: MIB-II, Ethernet-like MIB, and
• RFC 4363: Definitions of Managed Objects for Bridges with
traffic classes, multicast filtering, and VLAN extensions
• RFC 1657: BGP-4 MIB
• Draft-ietf-idr-bgp4-mibv2-02.txt: Enhanced BGP-4 MIB
• RFC 1724: RIPv2 MIB
• Draft-ietf-isis-wg-mib-07
• RFC 1850: OSPFv2 MIB
• Draft-reeder-snmpv3-usm-3desede-00
• RFC 1901: Introduction to Community-based SNMPv2
• Draft-ietf-idmr-igmp-mib-13
• RFC 1902: Structure of Management Information for Version
2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)
• Draft-ietf-idmr-pim-mib-09
• RFC 1905, RFC 1907: SNMP v2c, SMIv2, and Revised MIB-II
• RFC 2011: SNMPv2 for IP using SMIv2
• RFC 2012: SNMPv2 for transmission control protocol using
• RFC 2013: SNMPv2 for user datagram protocol using SMIv2
• RFC 2096: IPv4 Forwarding Table MIB
• RFC 2287: System Application Packages MIB
• RFC 2465: Management Information Base for IP Version 6
• RFC 2570–2575: SNMPv3, user-based security, encryption,
and authentication
• RFC 2576: Coexistence between SNMP Version 1, Version 2,
and Version 3
• RFC 2578: SNMP Structure of Management Information MIB
• RFC 2579: SNMP Textual Conventions for SMIv2
• RFC 2665: Ethernet-like interface MIB
• RFC 2787: VRRP MIB
• Draft-ietf-bfd-mib-02.txt
Environmental Ranges
• Operating temperature: 32° to 104° F (0° to 40° C)
• Storage temperature: -40° to 158° F (-40° to 70° C)
• Operating altitude: Up to 10,000 ft (3,048 m)
• Relative humidity operating: 5 to 90% (noncondensing)
• Relative humidity nonoperating: 5 to 95% (noncondensing)
• Seismic: Designed to meet GR-63, Zone 4 earthquake
Maximum Thermal Output
(estimated, subject to change)
• QFX10008: 42,148 BTU/hour (12,360 W)
• QFX10016: 88,316 BTU/hour (25,899 W)
Safety and Compliance
• RFC 2819: RMON MIB
• CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 60950-1 Information Technology
• RFC 2863: Interface Group MIB
• UL 60950-1 Information Technology Equipment—Safety
• RFC 2863: Interface MIB
• EN 60950-1 Information Technology Equipment—Safety
• RFC 2922: LLDP MIB
• IEC 60950-1 Information Technology Equipment—Safety (All
country deviations)
• RFC 2925: Ping/Traceroute MIB
• RFC 2932: IPv4 Multicast MIB
• RFC 3410: Introduction and Applicability Statements for
Internet Standard Management Framework
• EN 60825-1 Safety of Laser Products—Part 1: Equipment
QFX10000 Modular Ethernet Switches
Electromagnetic Compatibility
• 47CFR Part 15, (FCC) Class A
• ICES-003 Class A
• EN 55022 Class A
Data Sheet
Ordering Information
Product Number
QFX10000 Hardware
QFX10008 redundant 8-slot chassis with
2 CBs, 6 2,700 W AC power supplies, 2 fan
trays, 2 fan tray controllers, and 6 switch
fabric cards
QFX10008 Base 8-slot chassis with 1 CB,
3 2,700 W AC power supplies, 2 fan trays,
2 fan tray controllers, and 5 switch fabric
QFX10008 Redundant 8-slot chassis with
2 CBs, 6 2,500 W DC power supplies, 2 fan
trays, 2 fan tray controllers, and 6 switch
fabric cards
QFX10016 Redundant 16-slot chassis with
2 CBs, 10 2,700 W AC power supplies, 2 fan
trays, 2 fan tray controllers, and 6 switch
fabric cards
QFX10016 Base 16-slot chassis with 1 CB,
5 2,700 W AC power supplies, 2 fan trays,
2 fan tray controllers, and 5 switch fabric
QFX10016 Redundant 16-slot chassis with
2 CBs, 10 2,500 W DC power supplies, 2 fan
trays, 2 fan tray controllers, and 6 switch
fabric cards
• CISPR 22 Class A
• EN 55024
• CISPR 24
• EN 300 386
• VCCI Class A
• AS/NZA CISPR22 Class A
• KN22 Class A
• CNS 13438 Class A
• EN 61000-3-2
• EN 61000-3-3
• ETSI EN 300 019: Environmental Conditions & Environmental
Tests for Telecommunications Equipment
• ETSI EN 300 019-2-1 (2000)—Storage
• ETSI EN 300 019-2-2 (1999)—Transportation
• ETSI EN 300 019-2-3 (2003)—Stationary Use at Weatherprotected Locations
• ETSI EN 300 019-2-4 (2003)—Stationary Use at NonWeather-protected Locations
• ETS 300753 (1997)—Acoustic noise emitted by
telecommunications equipment
QFX10000 Line Cards
QFX10000 36-port 40GbE QSFP+ / 12port 100GbE QSFP28 line card
QFX10000 30-port 100GbE
QSFP28/40GbE QSFP+ line card
QFX10000 60-port 1/10GbE SFP/SFP+
line card with 6 40GbE QSFP+ / 2 100GbE
QSFP28 ports
QFX10000 Pluggable Optics
Restriction of Hazardous Substances (ROHS) 6/6
QSFP28 100GBASE-SR4 Optics for up to
100 m transmission over parallel multimode fiber (MMF)
China Restriction of Hazardous Substances (ROHS)
Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction
of Chemicals (REACH)
QSFP28 100GBASE-LR4 Optics for up to
10 km transmission over serial single-mode
fiber (SMF)
QSFP28 100GBASE-PSM4 Optics for up to
2 km transmission over parallel SMF
QSFP28 100GBASE-CWDM4 Optics for up
to 2 km transmission over serial SMF
100G QSFP28 to QSFP28 active optical
cables, 10 m
QSFP+ 40GBASE-IR4 40 Gigabit optics,
1,310 nm for up to 2 km transmission on
QSFP+ 40GBASE-LR4 40 Gigabit optics,
1,310 nm for up to 10 km transmission on
QSFP+ 40GBASE-LX4 40 Gigabit optics,
100 m (150 m) with OM3 (OM4) duplex
MMF fiber
QSFP+ 40GBASE Optics, up to 1.4 km
transmission on parallel single mode
(4X10GbE long reach up to 1.4 km)
QSFP+ 40GBASE optics, up to 10 km
transmission on parallel single mode
(4X10GbE long reach up to 10 km)
QSFP+ 40GBASE-ESR4 40 Gigabit optics,
300 m (400 m) with OM3 (OM4) MMF
QSFP+ 40GBASE-SR4 40 Gigabit optics,
850 nm for up to 150 m transmission on
Waste Electronics and Electrical Equipment (WEEE)
Recycled material
80 Plus Silver PSU Efficiency
• Common Language Equipment Identifier (CLEI) code
Juniper Networks Services and Support
Juniper Networks is the leader in performance-enabling services
that are designed to accelerate, extend, and optimize your
high-performance network. Our services allow you to maximize
operational efficiency while reducing costs and minimizing
risk, achieving a faster time to value for your network. Juniper
Networks ensures operational excellence by optimizing the
network to maintain required levels of performance, reliability,
and availability. For more details, please visit www.juniper.net/us/
QFX10000 Modular Ethernet Switches
Data Sheet
Product Number
Product Number
SFP+ 10GBASE-LR 10-Gigabit Ethernet
optics, 1,310 nm for 10 km transmission on
AC Power Cable - South Africa (16A/250V,
SFP+ 10GBASE-SR 10-Gigabit Ethernet
optics, 850 nm for up to 300 m
transmission on MMF
AC Power Cable - Switzerland (16A/250V,
AC Power Cable - Taiwan (16A/250V, 2.5m)
AC Power Cable - UK (13A/250V, 2.5m)
AC Power Cable - US (16A/250V, NEMA
6-20, 2.5m)
AC Power Cable - US Locking (16A/250V,
NEMA L6-20, 2.5m)
SFP+ 10-Gigabit Ethernet ultra short reach
optics, 850 nm for 10 m on OM1, 2 0 m on
OM2, 100 m on OM3 multi-mode fiber
SFP 1000BASE-LX Gigabit-Ethernet optics,
1,310 nm for 10 km transmission on SMF
SFP 1000BASE-SX Gigabit-Ethernet optics,
850 nm for up to 550 m transmission on
QFX10000 Field Replaceable Units
SFP 1000BASE-T Copper transceiver
module for up to 100 m transmission on
QFX10008 Chassis, spare
QFX10008 Fan, spare
QFX10008 Switch fabric card, spare
QFX10000 Software Feature Licenses
QFX10008 Fan tray controller, spare
QFX10008 Premium Feature License
QFX10016 Chassis, spare
QFX10008 Advanced Feature License
QFX10016 Fan, spare
QFX10016 Premium Feature License
QFX10016 Switch fabric card, spare
QFX10016 Advanced Feature License
QFX10016 Fan tray controller, spare
QFX10000 Power Cords
QFX10000 Control Board, spare
AC Power Cable - Argentina (16A/250V,
QFX10000 2,700 W AC Power Supply,
AC Power Cable - Australia (15A/250V,
QFX10000 2,500 W DC Power Supply,
AC Power Cable - Brazil (16A/250V, 2.5m)
AC Patch Cable - C20 PDU (16A/250V,
QFX10000 Control Board blank cover
panel, spare
AC Power Cable - China (16A/250V, 2.5m)
QFX10000 Line card blank cover panel,
AC Power Cable - EU (16A/250V, 2.5m)
QFX10000 Power supply blank cover panel,
AC Power Cable - Israel (16A/250V, 2.5m)
AC Power Cable - India (16A/250V, 2.5m)
About Juniper Networks
AC Power Cable - Int'l/UK (IEC 013-6
16A/250V, 2.5m)
Juniper Networks is in the business of network innovation. From
AC Power Cable - Italy (16A/250V, 2.5m)
AC Power Cable - Japan (16A/250V, 6-20,
AC Power Cable - Japan Locking
(16A/250V, L6-20, 2.5m)
AC Power Cable - Korea/EU (16A/250V,
devices to data centers, from consumers to cloud providers,
Juniper Networks delivers the software, silicon and systems that
transform the experience and economics of networking. The
company serves customers and partners worldwide. Additional
information can be found at www.juniper.net.
Corporate and Sales Headquarters
APAC and EMEA Headquarters
Juniper Networks, Inc.
Juniper Networks International B.V.
1133 Innovation Way
Boeing Avenue 240
Sunnyvale, CA 94089 USA
1119 PZ Schiphol-Rijk
Phone: 888.JUNIPER (888.586.4737)
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
or +1.408.745.2000
Phone: +
Fax: +1.408.745.2100
Fax: +
Copyright 2016 Juniper Networks, Inc. All rights reserved. Juniper Networks, the Juniper Networks logo, Junos
and QFabric are registered trademarks of Juniper Networks, Inc. in the United States and other countries.
All other trademarks, service marks, registered marks, or registered service marks are the property of their
respective owners. Juniper Networks assumes no responsibility for any inaccuracies in this document. Juniper
Networks reserves the right to change, modify, transfer, or otherwise revise this publication without notice.
1000529-010-EN Oct 2016
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