Emergency Response - Ville de Sherbrooke

Your Municipal Council
CONTENTS
Your Municipal Council ......................3
In Brief ................................................4
Environment ......................................5
Hydro-Sherbrooke ..........................10
Inspection ........................................11
Urban Planning ................................12
Street Names ..................................14
Emergency Response......................15
Fire Prevention ................................18
Community Safety ..........................20
Index of Municipal Services ............24
Sports and Outdoor Activities ........25
Cultural Life ......................................40
Community Life................................47
Community Organizations ..............51
Borough of Brompton......................55
Borough of Fleurimont ....................65
Borough of Lennoxville....................79
Borough of Mont-Bellevue ..............93
Borough of
Rock Forest–Saint-Élie–Deauville..111
Borough of Jacques-Cartier..........131
Members of the municipal council and borough councillors:
Bottom, left to right:
Roger Labrecque, Diane Délisle, Serge Forest,
Douglas MacAulay, le maire Jean Perrault, Marc Denault,
Francis Gagnon, Louida Brochu and Bernard Tanguay.
2006 CITY COUNCIL
MEETINGS
January 9, February 6, February 20,
March 6, March 20, April 3, April 17
Top, left to right:
Michel Lamontagne, Chantal L’Espérance, Pierre Boisvert,
Serge Paquin, Jean-François Rouleau, William Smith, Mariette Fugère,
Benoît Dionne, Nicole Bergeron, Julien Lachance, Dany Lachance,
Bernard Sévigny, Jacques Testulat, Thomas A. Allen and Robert Y. Pouliot.
7 p.m., at City Hall, 191 Du Palais,
Sherbrooke.
Sherbrooke residents are welcome to
attend council meetings. Please
confirm that dates have not changed
by calling 821-5500.
2006 EDITIONS
• Week of April 17
• Week of August 21
• Week of June 12
• Week of December 11
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Info Sherbrookois
Winter 2005-2006
Environment
Garbage Collection Schedule
for the Holiday Period
Plastic bags are now
recyclable, but…
Collections of Garbage and Recyclable Materials
Remember to stuff them into a bag and tie it
to form a ball!
Please note that during the holiday period, collection of
garbage and recyclable materials will follow the normal
schedule.
When plastic bags are not stuffed into a
single well-compressed, well-tied bag,
they fly around and interfere with
equipment at the recycling centre.
Écocentre Michel-Ledoux (Tel.: 822-6010)
The Écocentre will be open on Fridays, December 23 and
30, and will be closed on Saturdays, December 24 and
31. Outside of this period, the winter schedule applies.
The City of Sherbrooke thanks you for your
help!
Attention! Secteurs d'Ascot et de Saint-Élie
Les bacs noirs pour les déchets seront obligatoires à compter du 1er mars 2006.
Pour renseignement, contactez le bureau de votre arrondissement.
Garbage Collection:
Guidelines to follow this winter
Blizzards and garbage don’t mix!
As much as possible, please refrain from setting out your
roll-out containers, small recycling bins and waste
containers at the side of the road during a snowstorm. If
you have no other choice, do it the morning of the
collection and take in your bins or containers quickly so as
not to hinder snow removal.
On other winter days, don’t be an early bird!
Set out your bins or containers on the morning of the
collection, at the side of the road. If possible, wait till the
snowplow has passed. You’ll make life easier for the
operators assigned to snow removal and the various
collections. Also, leave a space of at least 50 cm (20 in)
between a bin and any other object (another bin,
automobile, etc.).
Never leave your roll-out container on the sidewalk
Set out your SMALL RECYCLING BIN where operators
can see it
To make it easier for the operator to locate your small
recycling bin, set it IN your driveway, close to the road, and
on the right when looking toward the road. This way you
will help ensure that it is seen and emptied by the operator.
Never on the sidewalk!
NEVER leave a bin or waste container on the sidewalk,
since it could impede pedestrian traffic while hindering
snow removal and the spreading of abrasives.
5
Info Sherbrookois
Winter 2005-2006
Environment
Christmas Tree
Pick-Up
Once the Christmas holidays are
over, a second life awaits your
Christmas tree. Wood chips,
essential oils, waste-to-energy
conversion, these trees can be
reused in many ways. For several
years now, Christmas trees have
been used in Sherbrooke primarily
for their energy.
Why should we salvage Christmas
trees?
Each year, Christmas tree collection
results in the salvaging of some
10,000 trees, or about 100 tonnes,
from some 66,000 families. Keep in
mind that trees are organic matter
and that this type of material
produces biogas and leachate in
sanitary landfills. So it is in our
interest to put them to good use
instead of just discarding them.
What happens to unsold
Christmas trees?
Retailers are invited to bring their
unsold trees to the Michel-Ledoux
Écocentre. If you have a large
number of trees, it’s best to go
directly to the sanitary landfill site.
The trees will be set aside for
energy conversion later. The usual
fee will be charged.
You missed the collection?
You can always go to the MichelLedoux Écocentre. No fee is
charged to citizens.
A few guidelines to follow
• Remove all decorations (balls,
icicles, etc.), since they interfere
with reuse of the trees.
• While waiting for collection, leave
your tree in a sheltered place.
This will prevent it from being
buried under a layer of snow
where it could be missed by the
workers responsible for
collection.
• Make sure your tree is easy to get
at: set it at the side of your
driveway, free of snow and ice.
Don’t leave it in the road where it
could interfere with snow removal
operations.
• Remove the plastic wrapper if it
has one.
.
Collection dates
In all boroughs, citizens should
set out their tree before 8 a.m.
on the morning of Monday,
January 9. Trees will be picked
up during the week.
What NOT to do!
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Info Sherbrookois
Winter 2005-2006
The Green Guide:
New Update
Available
A new update of the Green Guide is
now available. Many corrections have
been made since it was published in
2003, primarily concerning businesses
that recycle (Chapter 7), due to the
many moves, closures and other
changes they have experienced.
If you would like a Guide with up-todate information about current
environmental services, there are two
things you can do:
1. Print out a complete copy of the
updated Green Guide, in the
English or French version,
from the City’s web site:
www.ville.sherbrooke.qc.ca.
2. Obtain a small brochure giving the
complete list of businesses that
recycle (Chapter 7) along with some
corrections to incorporate into your
copy of the Guide. This brochure is
available on the City’s Web site and
at your borough office. Note that no
new complete, printed version will
be available this year.
Environment
The Écocentre: A Centre for Recovery and Reuse
The Écocentre represents a practical
solution for getting rid of waste without
harming the environment. Upon your
arrival at the Écocentre, courteous and
competent employees will tell you which
materials can be recycled and where to
put them.
Large-Item Garbage Collection
Sorry! The next large-item garbage collection won’t be held until the
month of May… Instead of waiting, take advantage of the Écocentre’s
recovery and reuse services.
Materials accepted
If the volume of what you bring to the
Écocentre is too great, don’t be
surprised if employees redirect you to
the sanitary landfill. This directive is
unfortunately necessary to prevent
abuse. However, please take note that
on Saturdays only, the landfill site closes
earlier (noon) than the Écocentre. So
don’t forget to give yourself plenty of
time!
Winter hours
(till April 15, 2006)
Fridays and Saturdays:
8 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.
Closed December 24 and 31.
How to find us…
1000 Léon-Trépanier, Sherbrooke
(access via Lavigerie)
• Christmas trees
• wood (painted, treated, reusable or
palettes)
• branches and tree trimmings
Materials not accepted at the
Écocentre
Contact the Écocentre to find out the
best way of getting rid of the following
non-acceptable materials:
• grass, dead leaves and other garden
debris
• PCBs and cyanides
• renovation and construction materials
• railway ties
• granular material (rocks, concrete,
bricks, asphalt)
• munitions
• recyclable materials accepted during
regular recycling collection (paper,
cardboard, glass, plastic and metal
containers, etc.)
• tires of vehicles other than
automobiles
• metal, iron, aluminium, empty paint
containers
• hazardous waste from private
companies
• unusable or non-reusable objects:
electrical and household appliances,
furniture, clothing, textiles, bicycles,
toys, sporting goods, etc.
• contaminated soil
• radioactive or medical waste
• tires with rims
• explosive products
• tires (no rims)
For the following rejected objects, if they
are reusable, please contact a
charitable organization. If they are not
reusable, take them to the sanitary
landfill site.
• The first three visits are free for
Sherbrooke citizens (proof of
residence required).
• hazardous household waste (HHW)
• sofas
• uncontaminated soil
• armchairs
• After that, the fees are as follows: $10
per car or mini-van and $20 per trailer
or pickup.
Note: Pieces of metal, iron and
construction material must be no larger
than 2.4 metres x 1.2 metres.
• mattresses
Information: 822-6010
• computers and printer cartridges
Fees
• Private companies pay upon their first
trip (only material that can be
repurposed will be accepted).
For the following non-accepted
materials, please go directly to the
sanitary landfill site:
• animal carcasses
• household waste
• Hazardous household wastes (HHW),
Christmas trees and dead leaves are
accepted at the Écocentre with no
limit on the number of trips.
• storm drains
• fibreglass and acrylic (showers,
canoes, etc.)
• insulation material
• Styrofoam
• carpets, linoleum
• pool covers
• vinyl, PVC and ABS
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Info Sherbrookois
Winter 2005-2006
Environment
Responsible Wood Heating
Many Sherbrooke residents heat their homes with wood, both
for heat and for pleasantness. Did you know that according to
Environment Canada, in just nine hours a conventional woodburning stove not certified by the United States Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) emits the same amount of fine
particles into the atmosphere as a medium-sized automobile
travelling 18 000 km?
The fact is that wood heating contributes to nearly 30% of fine
particle emissions in Canada. A characteristic of these particles
is that they penetrate deeply into the lungs. Persons suffering
from cardiovascular or respiratory illness, as well as children
and the elderly, are vulnerable to the presence of these
contaminants in the air.
Aside from fine particles, wood heating also releases a
significant quantity of other contaminants into the atmosphere,
notably volatile organic compounds, polycyclic aromatic
hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide.
2. Start your fire properly
Lighting your fire the right way will also reduce the amount of
smoke given off. Here are the four essential steps to starting
a good fire:
Fortunately, there are simple ways by which you can improve
combustion quality and reduce emission of pollutants when
heating with wood.
• Remove any ashes in the combustion chamber so as to let
air circulate freely. Crumple sheets of newspaper and set
them in the stove. Never use coloured or glazed paper.
Place from 5 to 10 pieces of kindling on and behind the
newspaper. Open the air vent completely.
1. Burn wood that is clean and dry
By burning wood that has been dried for at least six months,
you can reduce the amount of smoke given off while also
cutting down on wood consumption by 25%. While wood is
heating up in the combustion chamber, water is evaporating,
thus consuming thermal energy. So the wetter (more freshly
cut) your wood, the less efficient the combustion, since
water evaporation wastes a great deal of energy. You should
also know that it is better to use hard wood (maple, beech,
ash and yellow birch) rather than soft wood (fir, pine, spruce)
since the energy content of the former is higher.
• Light the newspaper at several places near the air vent.
Never leave the stove unattended during this step
(15-20 minutes).
• When the flames of the burning kindling start to die down,
add heating wood (about three small pieces) while taking
care to set them crosswise. Take care not to smother the fire
with these new pieces of wood.
You should never burn stained, painted or treated wood,
fibre board, plastic materials, magazines or household
waste. Combustion of these materials releases highly
polluting toxic compounds.
• Now reduce the air supply and add more logs as the others
turn into coals.
To keep a good fire going, the key to success lies in
controlling the amount of air getting in. The air supply should
be greatest during the first 10 or 15 minutes of a fire. Add at
least three small pieces of wood at a time to feed the fire,
leaving enough space between them for the fire to consume
them completely. It’s important to never overload either a
wood-burning stove or a fireplace. Air should always be able
to circulate freely in order for the fire to burn properly.
Regular addition of dry logs and careful control of the air
supply will allow combustion to be slow, efficient and clean
(no smoke).
Spring is the ideal time to purchase wood for heating so that
it can be sufficiently dried. To dry wood properly, logs should
be stacked in crosswise layers on an elevated platform to
ensure good air circulation. A poorly stacked woodpile does
not allow wood to dry. The wood should be loosely covered
to protect it from the weather and allowed to dry for a
minimum of six months before being used.
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Info Sherbrookois
Winter 2005-2006
Environment
3. How to recognize bad combustion
4. Buy a more efficient wood-burning stove
During the 1990s,
wood-burning stoves
were greatly
improved. Today their
state-of-the-art
technology makes it
possible to reduce
pollution while
ensuring superior
energy production. If
you are considering
the purchase of a
wood stove, we
strongly advise you to
purchase a stove of
the “high efficiency”
type. These stoves
generally have two
combustion zones, so
that combustion
residues are burned before they can be released into the
atmosphere. In this way, such stoves release from 80 to
95% fewer particles than conventional wood stoves and
consume about 30% less wood while producing the same
amount of heat.
If your chimney gives off black smoke or unpleasant odours,
it’s a sign that your wood isn’t being completely consumed.
Not only is it wasted, it’s polluting and giving off creosote.
Creosote is a tarry deposit, highly inflammable, which
adheres to the inner surfaces of a chimney and can cause
chimney fires if enough of it accumulates.
Make sure to have your stove pipes checked regularly for
the presence of creosote deposits, until you know how
quickly it is produced. Ordinary wood-burning stoves can
produce creosote rapidly, since they are unable to burn
wood as completely as stoves with a certified high-efficiency
rating. Never assume your chimney is clean. Have it
checked regularly, especially in the spring and autumn, to
avoid chimney fires.
Note that a municipal regulation makes it obligatory to have
chimneys, connectors and stove pipes cleaned at least once
a year.
High-efficiency stoves are easy to identify, since they have
been tested and certified as clean-burning stoves in
accordance with the (ACNOR) B415 Canadian standard, or
more often, with the requirements of the American
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (These two
standards are identical, but most manufacturers seek the
American certification because they wish to sell their
products in the United States, where EPA certification is
mandatory.)
Sources:
NATURAL RESOURCES CANADA. Buying a High-Efficiency
Wood-Burning Stove, [Online]
http://www.fiprecan.ca/buyingHighEfficiency.pdf
ENVIRONMENT CANADA. EnviroZine No 53, April 14, 2005,
The Green Lane, [Online]
http://www.ec.gc.ca/EnviroZine/english/issues/53/
any_questions_e.cfm
NATURAL RESOURCES CANADA. Burn it Smart!, [Online]
http://www.burnitsmart.org/english/
MINISTÈRE DE L’ENVIRONNEMENT, DU
DÉVELOPPEMENT DURABLE ET DES PARCS.
Wood heating, [Online]
http://www.mddep.gouv.qc.ca/air/chauf-bois/index-en.htm
ELEMENTS, Online Environmental Magazine, “The Healthy
Wood Stove Campaign”, [Online]
http://www.elements.nb.ca/theme/winter/woodstov/tip1.htm
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Info Sherbrookois
Winter 2005-2006
Hydro-Sherbrooke
State of the Art Meters!
To keep up with advances in technology, Hydro-Sherbrooke
began this year to use electronic meters for its residential
customers. These meters will replace existing
electromechanical meters and will also be installed in new
homes.
The penetration rate of electronic meters in the network
could be revised upwards. This year we installed between
1200 and 1500 new electronic meters, but there are some
68,000 meters that could eventually be replaced.
ELECTRONIC METER
ELECTROMECHANICAL METER
Definition
Definition
An electronic meter measures
the energy consumed in kWh.
Using electronic processes,
this meter indicates
consumption on a liquid
crystal digital display.
An electromechanical meter provides precision
measurements of your real consumption, as established
from data on the meter’s dials.
Characteristics
• With a life span of about
twenty-five years, the
electronic meter used by Hydro-Sherbrooke measures the
consumption of energy with remarkable precision, with a
guaranteed error rate of less then 1%, the standard
demanded by Measurement Canada.
How to read an electromechanical meter
Readings of electromechanical meters are taken in
kilowatt-hours (kWh). A meter can be equipped with four
or five dials. Each dial is calibrated to measure the
energy consumed in blocks of ten, one hundred, one
thousand or ten thousand kWh. The right-most dial
records units.
• To read your electronic meter, all you have to do is read
the value indicated on the digital display, which is much
simpler than reading the dials of traditional meters. To
calculate your consumption of electricity, subtract from the
result displayed the four-digit number appearing on your
previous bill and multiply the difference by the multiplier
shown on your bill. The meter’s display alternates about
every six seconds between the energy consumed, i.e. the
cumulative number of kWh, and a test showing the validity
of the digital display’s memory bank. You’ll notice however
that during a power outage there is no display on the
meter. Hydro-Sherbrooke may eventually adopt various
alternative modes of display and billing.
To read your meter, start with the dial on the right and
proceed to the left. The value of each screen is
determined by its position. When the dial points
between two numbers, always take the smaller of the
two. However, if the dial points between 9 and 0, use 9
as the smaller number. If the dial points directly at a
number, the dial on the screen to the right determines
which number to use. If the one on the right is over 0,
use the number the dial is directly pointing at. If the one
on the right is not over 0, use the next smaller number
on the dial you are reading.
• You’ll notice that this meter is equipped with a blinking
indicator. The frequency with which it blinks is directly tied
to the rate of consumption, in other words when energy is
being used in greater quantities the blinking is faster. This
is comparable to what you see on electromechanical
meters, where the speed of the turning disk reflects
consumption of energy.
In the example above, the result is 2727 kWh. To
calculate your own consumption, subtract from the
result obtained, the four-digit number appearing on your
previous bill and multiply the difference by the multiplier
on your bill.
• The precision of the new electronic meter must be
revalidated every ten years, a standard controlled by
Measurement Canada. This schedule is comparable to
that of electromechanical meters (12 years).
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Info Sherbrookois
Winter 2005-2006
Inspection
Diogenese Syndrome, an Illness
Diogenese Syndrome is a behavioural disorder that leads to the
compulsive accumulation of various objects in the home. From
floor to ceiling, often a pathway is left linking the door, the
kitchen table, the bed and toilet. This disorder takes its name
from the ancient Greek philosopher Diogenes the Cynic, who
rejected material comforts and social conventions, and lived in
a barrel. He had adopted a way of life that was as marginal as
it was unhealthy. (See reference at the end of the article)
The risk of fire and infestation is very high, especially if the
home is situated in an apartment building. Health inspectors
and fire prevention officers often encounter this.
Commonly, these cases are brought to the attention of
authorities by neighbours who are disturbed by the odours.
Sometimes police, fire fighters or emergency medical
technicians detect such situations during an emergency
response. It may also happen that relatives, overwhelmed by
the enormity of the situation, appeal to caregivers to obtain
help.
Objects accumulated may
include clothes, newspapers,
magazines, garbage, broken
appliances or any other item,
often old and unusable. Some
rooms may be completely
inaccessible. The home is
always in a state of squalor,
with odours and vermin clearly
in evidence. This unhealthy
environment fosters disease
and compromises the safety of
the occupants.
Should we pity them, should we blame them?
Above all it is important to understand them, help them and
direct them to the right place. An intervention process has been
set up by various caregivers in the Sherbrooke region, in which
health inspectors, fire prevention inspectors, jurists from Legal
Affairs, police, and social workers from the CLSC, all
collaborate.
Medical and psychosocial support can be highly beneficial for
these individuals, if they accept it. However, the Charter of
Rights and Freedoms allows any person to refuse all help.
Periodic follow-up then becomes necessary, since relapses are
frequent.
Who are these people?
Predominantly living alone, often it is women who suffer from
this disorder. Socially isolated, they generally neglect their
bodily hygiene and regularly refuse any kind of help.
Surprisingly enough, sometimes they have a comfortable or
indeed above-average income. Often they like to keep pets but
are unable to look after them properly or control their
reproduction, thus adding to the squalor.
Before intervention
Before intervention
After intervention
To learn more about this kind of intervention, don’t hesitate to
communicate with staff of the Division de l’urbanisme, des
permis et de l’inspection (permits and inspection), at 821-5905,
or with the personnel of the Service de protection contre les
incendies (fire protection), at 821-5517.
After intervention
Reference: Les Pages de la Psychiatrie Angevine {Online},
http://psyfontevraud.free.fr/psyangevine/publications/
diogene.htm
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Info Sherbrookois
Winter 2005-2006
Urbanism
Light Pollution, A New Reality
Concerns at the Observatory
Light pollution created by outdoor
lighting in Sherbrooke is concealing
more and more stars in the Eastern
Townships sky, threatening the
performance of equipment at the MontMégantic Observatory.
The Mont-Mégantic Observatory (MMO),
located 60 km (as the crow flies) from
Sherbrooke, is a key player in astronomy
in Quebec and Canada. Its 1.6-metre
telescope is the most powerful in
eastern North American and the best in
Canada. In addition, the quality of its
instrumentation makes it one of the
best-equipped university observatories
in the world!
The light pollution recorded at the MMO
has doubled in 20 years, despite efforts
to increase popular awareness of this
problem. At the time it was built, in
1978, the brilliance of the sky was 25%
higher than its natural brightness, and by
1999 it had climbed to 50% higher.
Should this tendency continue, the
telescope’s research capacity could be
affected to such a degree that by 2015
the Observatory’s usefulness to science
could be seriously compromised.
According to the action plan of the
project to fight light pollution in the
Mont-Mégantic region, which is being
led by the ASTROLab du MontMégantic, Sherbrooke contributes 25%
of the light pollution. The urban
development that Sherbrooke is
currently experiencing only increases the
amount of light given off, thus the
importance of acting now.
Excessive Lighting and Energy Losses
($$$)
Light fixtures that are poorly designed,
badly positioned or improperly used are
responsible for casting a shroud over the
stars, and generate glare and intrusive
light (light that penetrates into our
houses). Streets, parking lots, parks,
public buildings, stores, factories and
private homes are often illuminated all
through the night. But by lighting up the
sky this way, all these light bulbs are
jeopardizing observation of the stars,
wasting large amounts of energy and
undermining the equilibrium of
ecosystems by altering the living habits
of birds, insects and butterflies.
The City of Sherbrooke’s Action Plan
• presentation of the action plan
… and of the fight against light
pollution, to municipal councillors,
representatives of the City of
Sherbrooke, the Comité de
développement durable, the Chamber
of Commerce, Cité des rivières…
• preparation of a communication
plan
The Division des communications is
mandated to inform Sherbrooke
industries, merchants, public
institutions and citizens about this
problem.
In a spirit of regional cooperation, the
City of Sherbrooke has taken concrete
steps to control light pollution, which
has grown dramatically in the past
decade (about 7% annually), while
providing for the agreeable development
of night-time activities for the benefit of
residents and visitors alike.
• education and training
Last year, Sherbrooke adopted an action
plan aimed at safeguarding the night sky
and promoting the inherent benefits of
controlling nocturnal lighting, in terms of
safety, energy, ecology, well-being and
human health. The action plan against
light pollution does not attempt to
eliminate nocturnal lighting, but rather to
promote the more intelligent use of it,
from which all may benefit.
Regulation on outdoor lighting
How to Accomplish This
In response to the objectives of the
action plan, three areas for intervention
have been singled out, namely raising
awareness, regulating and a series of
actions on the ground.
Raising Awareness
Raising awareness is an essential way of
taking action to mobilize the populace
and the City for a common end, the
improvement of lighting practices. The
problem of light pollution is little known
and at times misinterpreted, so it’s
important to have a strategy for raising
awareness along several lines. Here are
the main elements of this strategy:
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Info Sherbrookois
Winter 2005-2006
It is crucial to ensure that architects,
city planners, engineers, inspectors,
electricians and contractors possess
the technical knowledge required to
ensure that the use of outdoor lighting
is respectful of the night sky and that
it conforms to the measures the City
of Sherbrooke intends to adopt.
In response to the appeal from the
ASTROLab du Mont-Mégantic, and acting
together with the Haut-Saint-François and
Granit MRCs, the City of Sherbrooke
intends to adopt regulations on outdoor
lighting as a part of the upcoming
adoption of the new land use plan and
regulations foreseen in 2006.
In accordance with new international
trends concerning outdoor lighting, the
purpose of the regulations is to set
standards for outdoor lighting that would
prevent the creation of unreasonable
obstructions to the enjoyment of the night
sky, while minimizing the glaring and
intrusive light that is so annoying to
citizens. Application of these regulations
will also have the effect of reducing
energy consumption.
Urbanism
Where commercial development is concerned however, the City
isn’t waiting for passage of its new urban planning tools. It has
already begun to apply the regulation to “big box” projects using
the Procédure d'étude des plans d'implantation et d'intégration
architecturale (PIIA – procedure for evaluating site-planning and
architectural integration plans), a procedure to which all new
developments will be subject. The outdoor lighting at the Plateau
Saint-Joseph is one result of this application: the lamps are
pointed at the ground, the intensity of the lighting is reduced by
more than half, and the colour of the light is yellow instead of
white.
Adjustments
Certain modifications can be easily carried out through the
various divisions of the City of Sherbrooke responsible for
installing and maintaining outdoor lighting devices. For
example, repositioning certain lights or eliminating those that
are unused or unneeded. These things are easy to do and cost
little.
Reduction
After operating hours, it makes no sense that the vast majority
of lights stay on; it’s only necessary for security lighting.
Consequently, installing control devices such as timers will
reduce the amount of light used while also cutting down on
energy expenditures.
The regulations will also control the intensity and direction of sign
lighting. For example, signs will be required to have an opaque
background that is of a colour other than white, since white lets
all the light pass through it. Thanks to the PIIA, this regulation has
been applied to the Carrefour de l'Estrie and Plateau SaintJoseph sectors, where it can be seen that the vast majority of
signs have a background colour other than white. In many cases
this improves the aesthetic quality of the signs.
Pilot Project
To validate the impact of the new standards for outdoor
lighting, it would be interesting to apply them to a sector of the
city where a genuine need for new lighting arises. A number of
measures could follow from such a pilot project.
Action in the Field
Conclusion
Though adopting regulations takes care of the future, there are
not retroactive and therefore have no impact on the light
pollution generated by existing facilities. By taking action in the
field, we can reduce light pollution while demonstrating new
trends in efficient lighting that respects the night sky.
The Mont-Mégantic region and the City of Sherbrooke are in
the forefront of the fight against light pollution. Thanks to the
efforts Sherbrooke is making to adopt measures aimed at
limiting light pollution, the region is being recognized around
the world as one area where the fight against light pollution is
succeeding. Eventually, the Mont-Mégantic region could be
awarded the officially recognized status of “Dark Sky Preserve”
by the International Dark Sky Association, and Sherbrooke
could become known as Canada’s very first “Dark Sky City”!
Actions in the field are structured according the form they take
and the investment they require. Every action in the field is
addressed to all sectors, municipal, commercial, institutional
and industrial.
Conversion
Much work remains to be done to achieve these results, since
we have really just begun. The collaboration of all of the
population will be necessary, from public administrators,
merchants and industrialists to ordinary citizens.
Converting all of the public and private outdoor lights is an
ambitious undertaking, not very realistic in the short term.
Nevertheless, planning for conversion in the middle to long
term will surely make economic sense for the savings in energy
alone.
Soon, you too will be able to do your part to help preserve the
night sky and save energy. All you have to do is turn off your
Christmas lights before going to bed, since after 11 p.m.
almost no one will see them on residential streets. Also, your
neighbours will sleep better if the streets are illuminated by as
little light as possible.
Along with the potential to save both money and energy, with
the help of a lighting plan conversion can result in a unique and
beautiful nocturnal environment, turning Sherbrooke into a
night sky preserve.
13
Info Sherbrookois
Winter 2005-2006
Street Names
The Comité de toponymie presents the list of new street names from the past two