【KW1M】
Basic setting to measure by Eco-POWER METER
When wiring the main unit and the current transformer (CT) and setting the basic setting after power on,
you can measure the power
The basic setting of MODE1 is necessary to measure.
In order to use the other functions, the settings of the each parameter are necessary.
What to do
Mount / Connection
How to use
Settings
Check measured
data with power
monitoring mode
6.2
Measure Power
3
Wire
communication
line
3
Set the basic settings (MODE1)
Wire output
line
Power on the main unit
Collect data
via RS485
Wire the main unit
Output Alarm
Connect the current transformer (CT)
Measure
ON-time and
OFF-time
Check measured
time with power
monitoring mode
6.2
Set alarm
output
(MODE1)
Check alarm
output
p.17
Set
communication
setting
(MODE3)
p.23
5.2
Check measured
data via
communication
device
7
3
p.17
3
Wire input
line
3
p.22
*Only AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type)
Set the parameter for
pulse measurement
Count pulse
output from
other device
Check count value
with power
monitoring mode
6.2
Cautions for Your Safety
Read the manual carefully before installing, running and maintenance for proper operation.
Before using, master the knowledge of the equipment, safety information and all of other
notes.
This manual uses two safety flags to indicate different levels of danger.
WARNING
A handling error could cause serious physical injury to an operator
and in the worst case could even be fatal.
●Always take precautions to ensure the overall safety of your system, so that the whole
system remains safe in the event of failure of this product or other external factor.
●Do not use this product in areas with inflammable gas. It could lead to an explosion.
●Exposing this product to excessive heat or open flames could cause damage to the
lithium battery or other electronic parts.
CAUTION
A handling error could cause serious physical injury to an operator
or damage to the equipment.
●To prevent abnormal exothermic heat or smoke generation, use this product at the
values less than the maximum of the characteristics and performance that are assured
in these specifications.
●Do not dismantle or remodel the product. It could lead to abnormal exothermic heat or
smoke generation.
●Do not touch the terminal while turning on electricity. It could lead to an electric shock.
●Use the external devices to function the emergency stop and interlock circuit.
●Connect the wires or connectors securely. The loose connection might cause abnormal
exothermic heat or smoke generation.
●Do not allow foreign matters such as liquid, flammable materials, metals to go into the
inside of the product. It might cause exothermic heat or smoke generation.
●Do not undertake construction (such as connection and disconnection) while the power
supply is on.
●Do not use at secondary side circuit of inverter. It might cause exothermic heat or
damage.
Copyright and trademark
●Panasonic Industrial Devices SUNX Co., Ltd. owns the copyright of this manual.
●We stiffly refuse the reproduction of without permission from this manual.
●Modbus Protocol is a communication protocol that the Modicon Inc. developed for PLC.
● Other company names and the product names are the trademarks or registered
trademarks of each company.
Introduction
Thank you very much indeed for purchasing
“KW1M Eco-POWER METER”.
In this manual, we explain the usage of “KW1M-H
Eco-POWER METER” in detail.
Please use it correctly after understanding the content
enough.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Unit’s Features and Structure ................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Unit’s Name and Model Numbers ............................................................................................................ 1
1.1.1 Main unit ......................................................................................................................................... 1
1.1.2 Option ............................................................................................................................................. 1
1.2 Measurement items: AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type) ................................................. 2
1.3 Measurement items: AKW1110/AKW1110B ........................................................................................... 2
Chapter 2 Parts Name and Working .......................................................................................................... 3
2.1 Parts Names ............................................................................................................................................ 3
2.2 Key’s Functions........................................................................................................................................ 3
Chapter 3 Wiring......................................................................................................................................... 4
3.1 AKW1111/AKW1111B (400V AC applicable type) .................................................................................. 4
3.1.1 Terminal arrangement .................................................................................................................... 4
3.1.2 Wiring Diagrams ............................................................................................................................. 4
3.2 AKW1110/AKW1110B ............................................................................................................................. 6
3.2.1 Terminal arrangement .................................................................................................................... 6
3.2.2 Wiring Diagrams ............................................................................................................................. 7
3.3 Caution for Wiring .................................................................................................................................... 8
3.4 How to attach the Current Transformer (CT) ........................................................................................... 9
3.5 For input connection .............................................................................................................................. 10
3.6 For Output connection ........................................................................................................................... 11
3.7 RS485 Communication .......................................................................................................................... 11
3.8 Low Voltage Directive ............................................................................................................................ 12
Chapter 4 Setting ..................................................................................................................................... 13
4.1 Operation procedure
AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type) .......................................... 13
4.2 Operation procedure
AKW1110/AKW1110B .................................................................................... 15
4.3 Setting Mode Explanation ...................................................................................................................... 17
4.3.1 MODE1(Mode for setting each parameter for power measurement.) .......................................... 17
4.3.2 MODE2 (Mode for setting of each parameter for pulse measurement) ....................................... 22
4.3.3 MODE3 (Mode for setting of each parameter for serial communication) ..................................... 23
4.3.4 MODE4 (Mode for setting of each parameter for optional function) ............................................ 25
Chapter 5 Various Functions .................................................................................................................... 26
5.1 LOCK mode ........................................................................................................................................... 26
5.2 Pulse output function ............................................................................................................................. 26
5.2.1 Output depends on integral electric power ................................................................................... 26
5.2.2 Instantaneous electric power alarm ............................................................................................. 26
5.2.3 Current alarm................................................................................................................................ 26
5.2.4 Stand-by power alarm
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B ................................................................ 26
5.2.5 Output depends on count value
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B ................................................. 26
5.3 Counter function
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type) ...................................... 27
5.3.1 Operation mode ............................................................................................................................ 27
5.3.2 Change the Preset Value ............................................................................................................. 27
Chapter 6 Display of each Value.............................................................................................................. 28
6.1 Working of Monitor Display .................................................................................................................... 28
6.2 Power Monitoring mode ......................................................................................................................... 29
6.2.1 Integral electric power .................................................................................................................. 29
6.2.2 Instantaneous electric power ........................................................................................................ 30
6.2.3 Current .......................................................................................................................................... 30
6.2.4 Voltage ......................................................................................................................................... 31
6.2.5 Electricity Charge ......................................................................................................................... 32
6.2.6 Carbon dioxide conversion value ................................................................................................. 32
6.2.7 Power factor
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B ............................................................................. 32
6.2.8 Frequency
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B ................................................................................ 33
6.2.9 Hour meter.................................................................................................................................... 33
6.2.10 Counter
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B .................................................................................. 34
6.3 Other indication ...................................................................................................................................... 34
6.3.1 Power On indication ..................................................................................................................... 34
6.3.2 Indication while communication.................................................................................................... 34
Chapter 7 Communication........................................................................................................................ 35
7.1 Communication Procedures .................................................................................................................. 35
7.2 Communication timing ........................................................................................................................... 35
7.3 MEWTOCOL Communication ................................................................................................................ 36
7.3.1 Overview of MEWTOCOL-COM (RS485) .................................................................................... 36
7.3.2 Data Register List <AKW1111/AKW1111B (400AC applicable type)> ........................................ 37
7.3.3 Data Register List <AKW1110/AKW1110B> ................................................................................ 38
7.3.4 Error Codes .................................................................................................................................. 39
7.3.5 Command ..................................................................................................................................... 39
7.4 MODBUS (RTU) Communication .......................................................................................................... 41
7.4.1 Overview of MODBUS (RTU) ....................................................................................................... 41
7.4.2 Data Register List <AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type)>...................................... 44
7.4.3 Data Register List <AKW1110/AKW1110B> ................................................................................ 46
Chapter 8 Specifications .......................................................................................................................... 47
8.1 Main unit ................................................................................................................................................ 47
8.2 Input Specifications ................................................................................................................................ 47
8.2.1 Electric power input ...................................................................................................................... 47
8.2.2 Pulse input
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type) ....................................... 48
8.3 Output Specifications ............................................................................................................................. 49
8.3.1 Pulse output (Transistor output) ................................................................................................... 49
8.4 Communication Specifications ............................................................................................................... 49
8.5 Self-diagnostic function .......................................................................................................................... 50
8.6 Power Failure Memory ........................................................................................................................... 50
8.7 Applicable standard ............................................................................................................................... 50
8.8 Dedicated Current Transformer Specifications ...................................................................................... 51
Chapter 9 Mounting .................................................................................................................................. 53
9.1 Dimensions ............................................................................................................................................ 53
9.1.1 AKW1111/AKW1111B Main unit .................................................................................................. 53
9.1.2 AKW1110/AKW1110B Main unit .................................................................................................. 53
9.2 How to mount to DIN rail ........................................................................................................................ 54
Chapter 10 Q&A ....................................................................................................................................... 55
Cautions before using
■ Installation environment
◇Do not use the Unit in the following environments.
・Where the unit will be exposed to direct sunlight and where the ambient temperature is outside
the range of -10 to 50 °C.
・Where the ambient humidity is outside the range of 30 to 85 % RH (at 20℃, non-condensing)
and where condensation might occur by sudden temperature changes
・Where inflammable or corrosive gas might be produced
・Where the unit will be exposed to excessive airborne dust or metal particles
・Where the unit will be exposed to water, oil or chemicals
・Where organic solvents such as benzene, paint thinner, alcohol, or strong alkaline solutions
such as ammonia or caustic soda might adhere to the product
・Where direct vibration or shock might be transmitted to the product, and where water might wet
the product
・Where the place near high-voltage cable, high-voltage device, power line, power device.
・Where the place near a machinery with transmission function such as amateur radio.
・Where the place near a machinery which occurs the big switching serge
◇Please use the Unit according to the specifications described in this manual. Otherwise, it
may malfunction or cause fire and an electric shock.
・Connect to the power supply in compliance with the rating.
・Refer to the wiring diagram to ensure proper wiring for the power supply, input and output.
・Do not perform wiring or installation with a live line. It may also lead to circuit burnout or fire by
way of the secondary CT side opening.
■ Installation
・Installation and wiring must be performed by expert personnel for electrical work or electric
piping.
・The power supply terminal and voltage input terminal of the main unit is common. Therefore if
additional noise effects the power supply line, incorrect measurements may result.
・Eco-POWER METER is designed to be used in a control panel.
・Do not add an excess power to the display. It might break the inner liquid crystal.
■ As to measurement
・If there is some distortion by harmonic or waveform, it may not measure correctly.
Please check with the actual system before adopts it.
・This can’t measure the power that flows reverse such as a regenerative electric power.
If you measure a reverse power, it shows “0.00kW” and it doesn’t count.
・It might not measure an instantaneous current such as an inrush current or an welding machine.
・When measuring the below loads, it might not satisfy with the accuracy guarantee.
Out of rating current, Load with low power factor,
Load with winding current, Load with ferromagnetic field
・Power factor operation is a method assuming balanced load. The error might be big when it
measures unbalanced load.
■ Static electricity
・Discharge static electricity touching the grounded metal etc. when you touch the unit.
・Excessive static electricity might be generated especially in a dry place.
■ Cleaning
・Wipe dirt of the main unit with soft cloth etc. When thinner is used, the unit might deform or be
discolored.
■ Power supply
・Connect a breaker to the voltage input part for safety reasons and to protect the device.
The breaker that connects to the voltage input part must arrange at the position easily reached,
and display shows it is the breaker of the equipment.
・Do not turn on the power supply or input until all wiring is completed.
■ Before power on
Please note the following points when turning on power at the first time.
・Confirm there are neither wiring rubbish nor especially an electrical conduction when installed.
・Confirm neither the power supply wiring, the I/O wiring nor the power-supply voltage are wrong.
・Tighten the installation screw and the terminal screw surely.
・Use an electric wire applicable to the rated current.
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 1 Unit’s Features and Structure
KW1M Eco-POWER METER is the suitable size wattmeter for installing in a control board.
It measures electrical power, voltage, current and so on using AC voltage and AC current input.
It also works ad an hour meter, which is measured power-on or power-off time.
1.1 Unit’s Name and Model Numbers
1.1.1 Main unit
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
(400VAC applicable type)
Measured voltage
input
・400VAC
・100/200VAC
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
・100/200VAC
Product name
Phase and Wire system
Power supply
CT connector
color
Blue
White
Blue
White
Model No.
AKW1111B
AKW1111
AKW1110B
AKW1110
・Single-phase two-wire
・Single-phase three-wire
・Three-phase three-wire
・Three-phase four-wire *1
100-240V AC 50/60Hz
Measured current input
50A / 100A / 250A / 400A / 600A
Current transformer
Dedicated CT type
Terminal type
Screw Terminal (M3 + / - screw, M3.5 + / - screw) *2
*1 only for AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type)
*2 M3.5 screws are only for AKW1111/AKW1111B power supply terminal and voltage input terminal
(P0, P1, P2, and P3).
Note) AKW111xB and AKW111x (without B) are not compatible.
Please be aware that only AKW111xB and AKW4x0xB (CT) can be used together.
1.1.2 Option
Dedicated Current Transformer (CT) Clamp-on type
Product name
Rated
primary current
Dedicated current transformer for 5A/50A
5A / 50A
Dedicated current transformer for 100A
100A
Dedicated current transformer for 250A
250A
Dedicated current transformer for 400A
400A
Dedicated current transformer for 600A
600A
Connector
color
Blue
White
Blue
White
Blue
White
Blue
White
Blue
White
Model No
AKW4801B
AKW4801C
AKW4802B
AKW4802C
AKW4803B
AKW4803C
AKW4804B
AKW4804C
AKW4808B
AKW4808C
Note) AKW480xB and AKW480xC are not compatible.
Dedicated Current Transformer (CT) Through type
Rated primary
Product name
current
Dedicated current transformer for 50A/100A
50A / 100A
Dedicated current transformer for 250A/400A
250A / 400A
Dedicated current transformer for 600A
600A
Note) AKW450xB and AKW450xC are not compatible.
1
Connector
color
Blue
White
Blue
White
Blue
White
Model No
AKW4506B
AKW4506C
AKW4507B
AKW4507C
AKW4508B
AKW4508C
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Others
Product name
Model No
Mounting rail
AT8-DLA1
Fastening plate
ATA4806
Mounting frame
AKW1822
1.2 Measurement items: AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type)
Item
Integral electric power (Active)
Instantaneous electric power (Active)
Unit
kWh/
MWh
kW
Data range
0.00 to 9999.99MWh
(9-digit display) 0.00 to 9999999.99kWh
0.00 to 9999.99
R-current
Current
S-current
A
0.0 to 6000.0
V
0.0 to 9999.9
T-current
R(RS)-voltage
Voltage
S(RT)-voltage
T(TS)-voltage
Electricity charge *
0.00 to 999999
Conversion value
Carbon dioxide kg-CO2 0.00 to 999999
0.00 to 1.00
Power Factor
(Identify leading phase(-) and lagging phase)
(Within the range of phase angle θ=-90 to 90 degree)
Frequency
Hz
47.5 to 63.0
ON-time
Hour meter
hour 0.0 to 99999.9
OFF-time
Pulse counter
0 to 999999
*Eco-POWER METER is designed chiefly to manage saving energy.
It is neither intended nor can it be legally used for billing.
1.3 Measurement items: AKW1110/AKW1110B
Item
Unit
Integral electric power (Active)
kWh/MWh
Data range
0.00 to 9999.99MWh
(9-digit display) 0.00 to 9999999.99kWh
0.00 to 9999.99
Instantaneous electric power (Active)
kW
R-current
Current
A
0.0 to 6000.0
T-current
R(RS)-voltage
Voltage
V
0.0 to 9999.9
T(TS)-voltage
Electricity charge *
0.00 to 999999
Conversion value
Carbon dioxide
kg-CO2
0.00 to 999999
ON-time
Hour meter
hour
0.0 to 99999.9
OFF-time
*Eco-POWER METER is designed chiefly to manage saving energy.
It is neither intended nor can it be legally used for billing.
2
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 2 Parts Name and Working
2.1 Parts Names
①MODE indicator
Lighting when mode setting
②LOCK indicator
Lighting while in lock mode
③OP. output indicator
Lighting when pulse output
④Mode display
⑤Display each value
Display mode in setting and measurement item with 16-seg
With 7-seg
・Display each measured value
・Display each setting value
⑥POWER indicator
⑦TX/RX indicator
⑧<MODE> key
⑨<SET> key
⑩<SHIFT / ▽ > key
⑪<ITEM / △ >key
Lighting while power on
Blinking while communication
<AKW1111/AKW1111B>
<AKW1110/AKW1110B>
⑥
①
②
⑥
①
②
⑦
⑦
④
④
③
③
⑤
⑤
⑧
⑧
⑪
⑨
⑪
⑨
⑩
⑩
2.2 Key’s Functions
Key
<MODE>
<SET>
<SET>
(continuous press 3-sec)
<SHIFT / ▽>
<ITEM / △>
<SET>+<MODE>
Functions
・Use to shift setting mode
・Use to set each value entered
・Reset stand-by alarm while output the alarm
(only available while output the stand-by alarm)
*only for AKW1111/AKW1111B(400VAC applicable type)
・All keys locked
・Release lock mode while in lock mode
・To select measured value display (While monitoring)
・To select setting value (While setting mode)
・To select measured value display (While monitoring)
・To select setting value (While setting mode)
・To reset the measured value
3
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 3 Wiring
3.1 AKW1111/AKW1111B (400V AC applicable type)
Be sure to wire correctly according to the terminal arrangement and wiring diagrams.
After completing wiring, be sure to attach the terminal cover for safety reasons.
3.1.1 Terminal arrangement
No.
①
②
③
④
⑤
⑥
L
N
P1
P0
P2
P3
⑦
⑧
⑨
⑩
⑪
⑫
⑬
+
-
E
+
-
+
-
M3 screw
Screw
Function
Power supply
Measured voltage
input
M3.5 + / Screw
RS485
Pulse output
M3 + / Screw
Pulse input
M3.5 Screw
The input voltage to each terminal is as follows.
Terminal
Phase and wire
Terminal
Operating
power supply
1P2W
①-②
Measured
voltage input
1P2W
1P3W
3P3W
3P4W
③-④
③-④-⑤
③-④-⑤
③-④-⑤-⑥
Input voltage
100-240VAC (100-240V~)
(Line voltage)
(Line voltage)
0-440VAC ( 0-440V~)
0-220VAC ( 0-220V~:3W) (Phase voltage)
(Line voltage)
0-440VAC ( 0-440V 3~)
0-254VAC ( 0-254V 3N~) (Phase voltage)
3.1.2 Wiring Diagrams
Please connect a breaker (3 to 15A) to the voltage input part for safety reasons and to protect the
device. Grounding the secondary side of VT (Voltage transformer) and CT (Current transformer) is not
necessary with low-voltage circuit.
◆When measuring a load with rated input voltage (100-200V system/ 400V system)
Single-phase two-wire system
*One current transformer (CT) is required.
Do not wire ⑤ ⑥terminals. They are connected internal.
4
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Single-phase three-wire / Three-phase three-wire system
*Two current transformers are required.
Do not wire ⑥ terminals. They are connected internal.
Three-phase four-wire system
*Three current transformers are required.
◆When measuring a load with exceed input voltage
Voltage transformer (VT) is needed when you measure a load with over rated input voltage (440V).
Use VT, those secondary rating is 110V.
Grounding the secondary side of VT and CT is not necessary with low-voltage circuit.
Single-phase two-wire system
Single-phase, three-wire system
Three-phase, three-wire system
5
Three-phase, four-wire system
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
3.2 AKW1110/AKW1110B
Be sure to wire correctly according to the terminal
arrangement and wiring diagrams.
After completing wiring, be sure to attach the terminal cover
for safety reasons.
3.2.1 Terminal arrangement
No.
Function
①
L
Power supply
N
②
N.C.
③
P1
④
Measured voltage
⑤
P0
input
P2
⑥
⑦ *1
N.C.
Screw
M3 + / Screw
⑧
+
RS485
⑨
-
E
⑩
M3 + / ⑪
+
Screw
Pulse output
⑫
-
⑬ *1
N.C.
⑭ *1
*1) ⑦, ⑬ and ⑭ terminals are connected internal to analog
input terminal.
The input voltage to each terminal is as follows.
Terminal
Phase and wire
Terminal
Input voltage
Operating
power supply
1P2W
①-②
Measured
voltage input
1P2W
1P3W
3P3W
④-⑤
④-⑤-⑥
④-⑤-⑥
100-240VAC (100 – 240V~)
6
(Line voltage)
(Line voltage)
0-220VAC ( 0-220V~)
0-110VAC ( 0-110V~:3W) (Phase voltage)
(Line voltage)
0-220VAC ( 0-220V 3~)
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
3.2.2 Wiring Diagrams
Please connect a breaker (3 to 15A) to the voltage input part for safety reasons and to protect the
device. Grounding the secondary side of VT (Voltage transformer) and CT (Current transformer) is not
necessary with low-voltage circuit.
◆When measuring a load with rated input voltage (100-200V system)
Single-phase two-wire system
*One current transformer (CT) is required.
Single-phase three-wire / Three-phase three-wire system
*Two current transformers are required.
◆When measuring a load with exceed input voltage
Voltage transformer (VT) is needed when you measure a load with over rated input voltage (440V).
Use VT, those secondary rating is 110V.
Grounding the secondary side of VT and CT is not necessary with low-voltage circuit.
Single-phase two-wire system
Single-phase, three-wire system
Three-phase, three-wire system
7
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
3.3 Caution for Wiring
1) Terminal fastening torque should be 0.5 to 0.6N・m for M3 screw and should be 1.0N・m for M3.5
screw. In case of using a crimping terminal, use it with insulating sleeve applicable to M3 screw or
M3.5 screw.
2) This has no built-in power switch, circuit breaker for power supply part. To protect the device, it is
necessary to install power switch and circuit breaker in the power supply circuit.
And this has no built-in power switch, circuit breaker or fuse for measured voltage input parts.
Therefore it is necessary to install them in the circuit near this unit.
3) We recommend a wire with the cross section of 0.75 to 1.25mm2 for power supply line and
measured voltage input line.
4) Use flame-resistant cable for each wiring.
<M3 screw>
Terminal cover shape
<M3.5 screw>
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B
Terminal cover shape
8
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
3.4 How to attach the Current Transformer (CT)
・One current transformer (CT) is needed to measure 1P2W system. Two CTs are needed to measure
a 1P3W/3P3W system. Three CTs are needed to measure a 3P4W system. Using all CT should be
the same.
・Check beforehand that the thickness of the electric wire is smaller than the through-hole of the CT.
・When connecting CT, connect the secondary side to the terminal of the main unit first, and after that
wire the primary side to a load electric wire.
Incorrect order might cause an electric shock or break CT.
・The CT has polarity. Wire correctly according to the K and L marks.
Wrong direction can’t measure correctly.
・When closing clamp-on type CT, check that there is no foreign materials on the divided face. And
make sure it is closed securely once the wire is in place; if not the measurement value will be not
accurate.
・When CT’s cable is extended, it is possible to extend up to about 10m with the cable of AWG#22 or
more cross section under the environment without noise at all. Please use the thick cable as much as
possible. *Please check beforehand with the actual system in case of extending the cable.
・If there is some distortion by harmonic or waveform, it may not measure correctly. Please check with
the actual system before adopting it.
・Separate the wiring (strong electric part) of the measured voltage input terminal (operating power
supply terminal) from the CT cable. It may not satisfy the accuracy due to noise.
・Only same color housing of cable and connector of CT can be connected.
That of different color (blue and white) can't be connected.
◇To connect CT with secondary side current 5A
How to connect for measuring by combination with CT (secondary side current 5A)
(1) Select 5A at CT type setting mode (CT-T).
(2) Set the primary current of measured CT (secondary side current 5A) at primary side current of
CT setting mode (CT-1).
< ex > If the measured CT is 400A/5A, set to”400”.
(3) Clamp the dedicated CT for 5A, which is connected to the main unit first, to secondary side of
the CT (secondary side current 5A). CT direction (K→L) should be set for the commercial CT
direction.
*Set the CT (secondary side current 5A) and the dedicated CT for 5A approximately 1m
apart. If the two CTs are set too close each other, it may not measure accurately due to
magnetic field interference.
(Connection example)
With Ammeter etc.
Power supply
Ammeter etc.
Breaker
K Secondary current
L
K
CT with 2nd current 5A
Dedicated CT for 5A
L
Load
9
Eco-POWER
METER
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Without Ammeter
Power supply
Breaker
Shorted or resistor less than 0.1Ω
K Secondary current
CT with 2nd current 5A
L
L
K
Dedicated CT for 5A
Eco-POWER
METER
Load
3.5 For input connection
・Contact input
Use highly reliable metal plated contacts. Since the contact’s
bounce time leads directly to error in the count value, use
contacts with as short a bounce time as possible. In general,
select 30Hz for max. counting speed.
・Non-contact input (Transistor input)
Connect with an open collector. Use the transistor with the
⑬
⑭
following specifications. VCEO=20V min. IC=20mA min. ICBO=6μ
P.IN -
P.IN +
A max
Use transistors with a residual voltage of less than 1.5V when the transistor is ON.
*Short-circuit impedance should be less than 1kΩ.
(When the impedance is 0Ω, drain current is approx. 7mA.)
Open-circuit impedance should be more than 100kΩ.
・Input wiring
Please wire up to 10m by using a shielded wire or a metallic electric wire tube individually.
If it is long, it may not work correctly due to floating capacitance of wire.
(Note)
Operating power supply input part and measured voltage input are not insulated to pulse input parts.
So the input equipment must have the power supply transformer in which the secondary side is not
grounded with the primary and secondary sides insulated, in order to prevent interference of the
power supply circuit when connecting the external input circuit. Be sure not to use an
auto-transformer.
(Fig. A)
Operating power supply Good example
Measured voltage input
Insulated
transformer
(+)
(-)
Eco-POWER
METER
10
Input equipment
(sensor etc.)
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
(Fig.B) No Good example
Operating power supply
Measured voltage input
Operating power supply
Measured voltage input
Insulated
transformer
Input equipment
(sensor etc.)
(+)
Auto transformer
(+)
(-)
Input equipment
(sensor etc.)
(-)
Eco-POWER
METER
Eco-POWER
METER
Do not use an auto-transformer.
Do not ground the secondary side.
3.6 For Output connection
Since the transistor output is insulated from the internal circuit by a photo-coupler, it can be used both
as a NPN output and PNP (equal value) output.
Eco-POWER METER
NPN output
Pulse (+)
+
-
Eco-POWER METER
PNP output Pulse (+)
Pulse (-)
+
-
Load
Pulse (-)
Load
+
-
+
Power supply for Load
-
Power supply for Load
・Wire up to 100m for output connection.
If it is long, it may not work correctly due to floating
capacitance of wire.
AKW1111/AKW1111B
AKW1110/AKW1110B
Pulse(+)
⑩
⑪
Pulse(-)
⑪
⑫
3.7 RS485 Communication
・When using shielded cable for the RS485 transmission line, ground one end.
Use a class D dedicated earth for grounding. Do not share a ground with other earth lines. (Fig.1)
・Be sure to connect with daisy chain the RS485 transmission line between each unit.
Do not use a splitter. (Fig.2)
RS485(E) RS485(-)
・With a terminal station, RS485 (E) and RS485 (-) AKW1111/AKW1111B
⑨
⑧
should be shorted.
AKW1110/AKW1110B
⑩
⑨
*E terminal is not SG (signal ground) terminal. Do not ground shielded cable.
(Fig.1)
Eco-POWER METER
General station
Eco-POWER METER
Terminal station
(+) (-)
(+) (-)
Shielded cable
Shielded cable
To RS485 device
Class D grounding
(Fig.2)
Correct wiring
Terminal
station
○
Incorrect wiring
×
11
Class D grounding
Terminal
station
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Recommended Cable
Use the transmission cables shown below for Eco-POWER METER RS485 communication system.
Conductor
Resistance
Size
(at 20℃)
Cable
Insulator
Material
Thickness
Cable
diameter
2
Twistedpair
with shield
1.25 mm
(AWG16)
or more
Max.16.8Ω/km
Polyethylene
Max.
0.5 mm
Approx.
8.5 mm
Max.33.4Ω/km
Polyethylene
Max.
0.5 mm
Approx.
7.8 mm
Max.25.1Ω/km
PVC
Max.
0.6 mm
Approx.
6.6 mm
2
0.5 mm
(AWG20)
or more
2
VCTF
0.75 mm
(AWG18)
or more
Cable
Section
Shield
Twisted-pair
with shield
Conductor
Jacket
Insulator
Applicable cable
HITACHI
KPEV-S
2
1.25 mm ×1P
Belden Inc. 9860
HITACHI
KPEV-S
2
0.5 mm ×1P
Belden Inc. 9207
VCTF
2
0.75 mm ×2C
(JIS)
Notes
1) Use shielded type twist cables.
2) Use only one type of the transmission cables.
2) Do not mix different types of the cables.
3) Use twist pair cables under a bad noise
environment.
Jacket
VCTF
Conductor
Insulator
3.8 Low Voltage Directive
When using in the application confirming to EN61010-1/IEC61010-1, make sure to satisfy the
following conditions.
(1) Pulse output part secure only basic insulation. In order to secure reinforced (double) insulation
demanded by EN 61010-1/ IEC61010-1, secure basic insulation or more with load side and
reinforced (double) insulation with communication system side.
(2) Provide the voltage input part with an EN60947-1 or EN60947-3 compliant circuit breaker.
The breaker that connects to the voltage input part must arrange at the position easily reached,
and display shows it is the breaker of the equipment.
(3) Use a wire with basic insulation or more for a wire cramped (or connected) CT.
【Environmental conditions】
・Overvoltage category Ⅱ, Pollution degree 2
・Indoor use
・An ambient temperature of –10 to 50℃
・An ambient non-condensing humidity of 35 to 85%RH (at 20℃)
・Altitude of 2000m or less
【Mount the product in a place with】
・A minimum of dust, and an absence of corrosive gases
・No flammable, explosive gasses
・Few mechanical vibrations or shocks
・No exposure to direct sunlight
・No large capacity electromagnetic switches or cables through which large current is flowing
12
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 4 Setting
4.1 Operation procedure
AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type)
【Basic setting to measure】
When wiring Eco-POWER METER and CT and setting mode 1 after power on, Eco-POWER Meter
can measure the electric power. In order to use the other functions, set mode2, 3 and 4 according to
your use.
Monitor (Display when power on)
Mode 1 … Mode for setting each parameter for power
<MODE>
measurement
Setting mode
(Mode 1)
(Mode 2)
<SET>
(Mode 3)
<SET>
Phase/Wire system setting mode
(Mode 4)
<SET>
<SET>
Refer to the next page.
SYST
<SET>
When select
“5A”
CT type setting mode
CT-T
When select
other than “5A”
<SET>
Voltage range setting mode
Primary side current of
CT setting mode
<SET>
VOLT
CT-1
<SET>
<SET>
VT setting mode
VT
<SET>
Current for time measurement
setting mode
HM-A
<SET>
Cutoff current setting mode
CUTA
<SET>
Unit for pulse output setting mode
PL-P
When select “AL-P”
When select
“Values”
<SET>
<SET>
When select “AL-C”
When select “AL-S”
<SET>
<SET>
When select “Cnt”
<SET>
Power alarm setting
mode
Current alarm setting
mode
Stand-by alarm setting
mode 1
Preset value setting
mode
AL-P
AL-C
AL-S 1
Cnt
<SET>
<SET>
<SET>
Stand-by alarm setting
mode 2
AL-S 2
<SET>
Electricity rate setting mode
RATE
<SET>
Conversion factor setting mode
CO2
<SET>
Monitor
Press <MODE> to return Monitor.
Note) Press <MODE> and <SET> at the same time, the setting will be initialized.
13
<SET>
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Mode 2…Mode for setting of each parameter for pulse measurement
Mode 3…Mode for setting of each parameter for serial communication
Mode 4…Mode for setting of each parameter for optional function
Monitor (Display when power on)
<MODE>
Setting mode
(Mode 1)
<SET>
Refer to the
previous
page.
(Mode 2)
(Mode 3)
<SET>
Max. counting speed
setting mode
(Mode 4)
<SET>
<SET>
Protocol setting mode
Auto-off setting mode
PROT
OFF
Hz
<SET>
<SET>
Station number
setting mode
Prescale setting mode
PSCL
NO.
<SET>
<SET>
Transmission speed setting
mode
SPD
<SET>
Transmission format setting
mode
FMT
<SET>
Response time
setting mode
RESP
<SET>
Monitor
Press <MODE> to return Monitor.
Note) Press <MODE> and <SET> at the same time, the setting will be initialized.
14
<SET>
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
4.2 Operation procedure
AKW1110/AKW1110B
【Basic setting to measure】
When wiring Eco-POWER METER and CT and setting mode 1 after power on, Eco-POWER Meter
can measure the electric power. In order to use the other functions, set mode2, 3 and 4 according to
your use.
Monitor (Display when power on)
Mode 1…Mode for setting each parameter for power
measurement
<MODE>
Setting mode
(Mode 1)
(Mode 3)
<SET>
(Mode 4)
<SET>
Phase/Wire system setting mode
<SET>
Refer to the next page.
SYST
<SET>
CT type setting mode
CT-T
When select
other than “5A”
<SET>
When
select “5A”
Primary side current of
CT setting mode
CT-1
<SET>
VT setting mode
VT
<SET>
<SET>
Current for time measurement
setting mode
HM-A
<SET>
Cutoff current setting mode
CUTA
<SET>
Unit for pulse output setting mode
PL-P
When select “AL-P”
<SET>
When select
“Values”
<SET>
When select “AL-C”
<SET>
Power alarm setting
mode
Current alarm setting
mode
AL-P
AL-C
<SET>
<SET>
Electricity rate setting mode
RATE
<SET>
Conversion factor setting mode
CO2
<SET>
Monitor
Press <MODE> to return Monitor.
Note) Press <MODE> and <SET> at a time, the setting will be initialized.
15
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Mode 3…Mode for setting of each parameter for serial communication
Mode 4…Mode for setting of each parameter for optional function
Monitor (Display when power on)
<MODE>
Setting mode
(Mode 1)
(Mode 3)
(Mode 4)
<SET>
Refer to the previous
page.
<SET>
<SET>
Protocol setting mode
Auto-off setting mode
PROT
OFF
<SET>
Station number
setting mode
NO.
<SET>
Transmission speed setting
mode
SPD
<SET>
Transmission format setting
mode
FMT
<SET>
Response time
setting mode
RESP
<SET>
Monitor
Press <MODE> to return Monitor.
Note) Press <MODE> and <SET> at a time, the setting will be initialized.
16
<SET>
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
4.3 Setting Mode Explanation
■The value with under line is initial setting among each setting value. ☆Set before measurement.
Press <MODE> and <SET> at a time, the setting will be initialized.
4.3.1 MODE1(Mode for setting each parameter for power measurement.)
Phase/Wire system setting mode
SYST
Mode defines phase and wire system to measure.
・Select from Single-phase 2-wire / Single-phase 3-wire / Three-phase 3-wire / Three-phase 4-wire.
Select the system of the measured load.
*“Three-phase 4-wire” is only for AKW1111/AKW1111B.
CT type setting mode
CT-T
Mode defines input current type of the dedicated CT.
Select from the type of 5A/50A/100A/250A/400A/600A.
When the secondary current of CT is 5A, select “5A”.
Primary side current of CT setting mode
CT-1
*Only when “5A” is selected on CT type setting mode.
Mode defines primary side current when measuring by combination with existing CT, its secondary
current of 5A.
It is possible to use as the second step for combination with existing CT by selecting “5A” in the CT
type setting mode. In this case, it is necessary to set the primary side current.
・Primary side current of the existing CT can be set the range of 1 to 4000 (Initial 5).
・When connecting 5ACT directly and measure with 5A range, set to “5”.
ex) If primary current of measured existing CT is 400A (secondary side is 5A), set to “400”.
Voltage range setting mode
VOLT
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B
Mode defines voltage range of Eco-Power Meter.
Select from 400/200.
When it measures load of 400V system, select “400”.
When it measures load of 100/200V system, select “200”.
*In case measuring the load of 100/200V system with selecting “400”, the resolution will be down.
Select the correct voltage range.
VT setting mode
VT
Mode defines voltage input method to the main unit, input voltage directly or uses a voltage
transformer (VT) (over 440V system).
・It can be set the range of 1.00 to 99.99.
“1.00” should be set when voltage input directly without connecting VT.
“1.01 to 99.99” should be set when VT is used to input voltage.
Current for time measurement setting mode
HM-A
Mode defines for time measured current. It measures ON-time and OFF-time by setting value.
・It can be set the range of 1.0% to 100.0%F.S.
ex) When 10.0 is set, the current exceeds 10.0%F.S is measured as ON-time, the current under
10.0%F.S is measured as OFF-time.
*Measured current is the current of CT1.
Cutoff current setting mode
CUTA
Mode defines load current that does not measure (Cutoff current).
Use to avoid miss-measurement by wiring or induction noise at no-load.
0.00kW is displayed for instantaneous electric power, 0.0A is displayed for current. Integral
electric power is not added.
・It can be set the range of 1.0% to 50.0%.
ex) When set to 10.0, current (=power) under 10.0%F.S is not added.
17
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Unit for pulse output setting mode
PL-P
Mode defines unit used for pulse output. It defines the unit of integral electric power for
1-pulse output.
・Select from 0.001/0.01/0.1/1/10/100kWh /AL-P/AL-C/AL-S/Cnt.
*“AL-S” and “Cnt” are only for AKW1111/AKW1111B.
When one of the “0.001/0.01/0.1/1/10/100” [kWh] is set, one pulse is output at reaching the setting
value.
When “AL-P” is set, alarm is output at the time when instantaneous electric power is over the setting
value.
When “AL-C” is set, alarm is output at the time when current is over the setting value.
When “AL-S” is set, alarm is output at the time when current is under the setting value and it passes
the setting time.
When “Cnt” is set, it output at the time when count value reaches preset value set by preset value
setting mode.
Power alarm setting mode
AL-P
*Only when “AL-P” is selected on unit for pulse output setting mode.
Mode defines instantaneous electric power used for alarm output.
・It is set the range of 0.00 to 9999.99kW.
Current alarm setting mode
AL-C
*Only when “AL-C” is selected on unit for pulse output setting mode.
Mode defines the ratio of current used for alarm output. (Ratio for the rated current)
・It is set the range of 1.0 to 100.0%.
Stand-by alarm setting mode 1
AL-S1 *only AKW1111/AKW1111B
*Only when “AL-S” is selected on unit for pulse output setting mode.
Mode defines the ratio of current used for threshold value to judge stand-by power.
(Ratio for the rated current)
・It is set the range of 1.0~100.0%.
Stand-by alarm setting mode 2
AL-S2 *only AKW1111/AKW1111B
*Only when “AL-S” is selected on unit for pulse output setting mode.
Mode defines the time used for threshold value to judge stand-by power.
・It is set the range of 0 to 9999min.
When “0” is set, alarm is always output at the time when judging the stand-by power.
When “1 to 9999” is set, alarm is output at the time when passing the setting time with the stand-by
power.
The alarm can be reset by pressing <SET> with the instantaneous electric power display. After reset
the alarm, start to monitor the stand-by power again.
Preset value setting mode
Cnt
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B
*Only when “Cnt” is selected on unit for pulse output setting mode.
Mode defines count value used for output.
・It is set the range of 0(0.000) to 999999(999.999).
*The range differs according to the pre-scale set by pre-scale setting mode.
Electricity charge setting mode
RATE
Mode defines electricity charge ratio used as a standard per 1kWh.
・It can be set the range of 0.00 to 99.99 /1kWh. (Initial 10.00)
Conversion factor setting mode
CO2
Mode defines conversion factor of carbon dioxide used as a standard per 1kWh.
・It can be set the range of 0.000~9.999/1kWh. (Initial 0.410)
18
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Mode1 Setting flow chart
Monitor
↓<MODE>
(MODE 1 Lighting)
↓ <SET>
Phase/Wire system setting mode
Press <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽> to change Single-phase 2-wire ⇔ Single-phase 3-wire
⇔ Three-phase 3-wire ⇔ Three-phase 4-wire.
1P2W
1P3W
3P3W
3P4W(*)
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B
↓<SET>
CT type setting mode
Press <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽> to change 50 ⇔ 100 ⇔ 250 ⇔ 400 ⇔ 600 ⇔ 5.
50
100
250
400
600
5
↓<SET>
Primary side current of CT setting mode
*It is only when “5A” is selected on CT type setting mode.
Set primary side current of CT using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
If measured CT is 100A/5A, set to 100. If 5A is measured, set to 5.
(1 to 4000, Initial 5)
↓<SET>
Voltage range setting mode
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B
Press <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽> to change 400V ⇔ 200V.
400V
200V
↓<SET>
VT ratio setting mode
Set VT ratio using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>. If the VT is 440/110, set to “4.00”.
(1.00 ~ 99.99)
↓<SET>
19
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Current for time measurement setting mode
Set ratio of current for time measurement using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
If you measure the current over 50.0%F.S., set to “50.0”.
(1.0 to 100.0)
↓<SET>
Cutoff current setting mode
Set cutoff current ratio using <ITEM/△> <SHIFT/▽>.
If you don’t measure the current under 10.0%F.S, set to “10.0”.
(1.0 to 50.0)
↓<SET>
Unit for pulse output setting mode
Press <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽> to change 0.001 ⇔ 0.01⇔ 0.1⇔ 1 ⇔ 10 ⇔ 100 ⇔ AL-P (Power alarm)
⇔ AL-C(Current alarm)⇔ AL-S (Stand-by alarm)⇔ Cnt (Count output).
0.001
0.01
100
0.1
AL-P
1
AL-C
10
AL-S (*)
Cnt (*)
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B
↓<SET>
Power alarm setting mode
*It is only when “AL-P” is selected on unit for pulse output setting mode.
Set power for alarm using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
(0.00 to 9999.99)
↓<SET>
Current alarm setting mode
*It is only when “AL-C” is selected on unit for pulse output setting mode.
Set current ratio (for the rated current) for alarm using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
(1.0 to 100.0)
↓<SET>
Stand-by alarm setting mode 1
*It is only when “AL-S” is selected on unit for pulse output setting mode.
Set a ratio (for the rated current) of current used for threshold value to judge stand-by power using
<ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
(1.0 to 100.0)
↓<SET>
20
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Stand-by alarm setting mode 2 *It is only when “AL-S” is selected on unit for pulse output setting mode.
Set a time used for threshold value to judge stand-by power using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
( 0 to 9999 min.)
*It is only when “AL-S” is selected on unit for pulse output setting mode.
“0”: Alarm is always output at the time when judging the stand-by power.
“1 to 9999”: Alarm is output at the time when passing the setting time with
the stand-by power.
The alarm can be reset by pressing <SET> with the instantaneous electric power display.
After reset the alarm, start to monitor the stand-by power again.
↓<SET>
Preset value setting mode
*It is only when “Cnt” is selected on unit for pulse output setting mode.
Enter preset value to output using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
( 0 to 999999)
↓<SET>
Electricity charge setting mode
Enter the rate per 1kWh using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
(0.00 to 99.99 initial: 10.00)
↓<SET>
Conversion factor setting mode
Enter the conversion factor per 1kWh using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
(0.000 to 9.999 initial:0.410)
↓<SET>
Monitor
21
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
4.3.2 MODE2 (Mode for setting of each parameter for pulse measurement)
*Only AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type)
Max. counting speed setting mode
Hz
Mode defines max. counting speed.
・Select from 2kHz/30Hz
Pre-scale setting mode
PSCL
Mode defines pre-scale value used for changing count value.
・It can be set the range of 0.001 to 100.000. (Initial 1.000)
・The position of decimal point set with this mode is applied to count value and preset value.
ex) When 0.01 (Last 2-digit) is set, the decimal point of count value and preset value has 2 digit
under decimal point.
Mode2 Setting flow chart
Monitor
↓ <MODE>
(MODE 2 Lighting)
↓ <SET>
Max. counting speed setting mode
Press <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽> to change 2000(2kHz) ⇔ 30(30Hz).
2000(2kHz)
30(30Hz)
↓<SET>
Pre-scale setting mode
Set pre-scale value using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
(0.001 to 100.000, initial 1.000)
*The decimal point set with this mode is applied to count value and preset value.
↓<SET>
Monitor
22
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
4.3.3 MODE3 (Mode for setting of each parameter for serial communication)
Protocol setting mode
PROT
Mode defines communication protocol of main unit via serial communication (RS485).
・Select from MEWTOCOL / MODBUS(RTU).
Station number setting mode
NO
Mode defines an individual station no. for each unit when two or more units communicate via
serial communication (RS485).
・It can be set the range of 01 to 99.
Transmission speed (Baud rate) setting mode
SPD
Mode defines serial communication (RS485) transmission speed. Define the transmission
speed according to the master’s (PLC etc.).
・Select from 2400 / 4800 / 9600 / 19200 / 38400 [bps].
Transmission format setting mode
FMT
Mode defines serial communication (RS485) transmission format (Data length, Parity). Define
the transmission format according to the master’s (PLC etc).
・Select from 8bit-o/7bit-n/7bit-E/7bit-o/8bit-n/8bit-E.
“n (none)” means parity is not available.
“E (Even)” means parity is even number.
“o (odd)” means parity is odd number.
*With MODBUS(RTU) protocol, it works only with 8bit.
Response time setting mode
RESP
Mode defines serial communication (RS485) response time of main unit.
When command is received, it sends response after setting response time passes.
・It can be set the range of 1 to 99 ms.
MODE3 Setting flow chart
Monitor
↓<MODE> (MODE 3 Lighting)
↓ <SET>
Protocol setting mode
Press <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽> to change MEWTOCOL ⇔ MODBUS(RTU).
MEWTOCOL
MODBUS(RTU)
↓ <SET>
Station number setting mode
Enter the station number using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
( 1 to 99 )
↓ <SET>
23
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Transmission speed setting mode
Press <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽> to change 19200 ⇔ 38400 ⇔ 2400 ⇔ 4800 ⇔ 9600.
19200bps
38400bps
2400bps
4800bps
↓ <SET>
9600bps
Transmission format setting mode
Press <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽> to change 8bit-o ⇔ 7bit-n ⇔ 7bit-E ⇔ 7it-o ⇔ 8bit-n ⇔ 8bit-E.
n: not available
E: even number
o: odd number
8bit-o
7bit-n
7it-o
7bit-E
8bit-n
↓ <SET>
Response time setting mode
Set the response time using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
( 1 to 99ms)
↓<SET>
Monitor
24
8bit-E
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
4.3.4 MODE4 (Mode for setting of each parameter for optional function)
Auto-off setting mode
OFF
Display LCD turns off automatically when there is no key operation for a long time.
・Off time can be set the range of 0 to 99min.
“0” should be set if you want to turn always light on.
“1~99” should be set if you want to turn light off at setting time.
・After turns off the LCD, any key operation makes it turns on.
・After turns off the LCD, only power indicator turns on.
MODE4 Setting flow chart
Monitor
↓<MODE>
(MODE 4 Lighting)
↓ <SET>
Auto-off setting mode
Enter auto-off time by minute using <ITEM/△><SHIFT/▽>.
( 0 to 99 )
“0” should be set to turn always light on.
“1~99” should be set to turn light off at setting time (minute).
While light off, press any key to light on.
↓ <SET>
Monitor
25
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 5 Various Functions
(Sample image is AKW1111/AKW1111B. AKW1110/AKW1110B displays same.)
LOCK indicator
5.1 LOCK mode
It is the mode makes all keys unable. Use when you want to fix one
of the measurement displays (For all displays). In this mode, you
can not input by any keys.
When you press <SET>key continuously for about 3sec., the
“LOCK” indicator lights and all keys become locked (pressing them
will have no effect).
Press <SET>key continuously for about 3sec. again to release
Lock mode. The “LOCK” indicator goes off and the lock mode is
released (unlocked).
5.2 Pulse output function
OP. (output) indicator is lighting when pulse output.
Refer to Mode1 setting.
OP. indicator
5.2.1 Output depends on integral electric power
Set the unit for pulse output (0.001/0.01/0.1/1/10/100kWh) and pulse output (transistor output) turns
on every time when integral electric power reaches the unit. (Pulse width: about 100ms)
5.2.2 Instantaneous electric power alarm
When it exceeds the setting instantaneous electric power, pulse output (transistor output) turns on in
order to notice. When it falls below, the output turns off.
5.2.3 Current alarm
When it exceeds the setting current ratio, pulse output (transistor output) turns on in order to notice.
When it falls below, the output turns off.
5.2.4 Stand-by power alarm *only AKW1111/AKW1111B
When it detects stand-by power (current) of the measured load, pulse output (transistor output) turns
on in order to notice.
Set current (C) and stand-by time (T) to judge stand-by power.
When the measured load is satisfied the setting conditions, pulse output
(transistor output) turns on in order to notice.
You can reset the alarm by pressing <SET> with the instantaneous electric
power display.
(Working flow chart)
<SET>
(kW)
Normal working
Output turns ON
Electric
power
T
Stand-by mode
0
Set value(C)
(Min)
Time
5.2.5 Output depends on count value *only AKW1111/AKW1111B
Set the preset value and pulse output (transistor output) turns on the time when count value reaches
the preset value.
26
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
5.3 Counter function
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type)
5.3.1 Operation mode
Maintain output hold count HOLD
[Output]
[Counting]
[Addition]
0
1
2
OFF
3
ON
possible
n-2
n-1
・・・
n
n+1
n+2
n+3
n: Preset value
(1) Output control is maintained after count-up completion and until reset. However counting is
possible despite of count-up completion.
(2) It reverts“0” after counting up full scale, but output control is maintained. However output is
OFF if count value or preset value is changed.
5.3.2 Change the Preset Value
It is possible to change the preset value even during counting. However note the following points.
◇When the pre-scale value is “1.000”. (PSCL=1.000)
(1) If the preset value is changed to the value less than the count value, counting will continue
until it reaches full scale, returns to “0” and then reaches the new preset value.
(2) If the preset value is changed to “0”, it will not count up at start with “0”. It counts up when the
counting value comes to “0” again (after reach to full scale). However output is OFF if count
value or preset value is changed.
(3) When the count value is fixed, output is changed according to the changing of preset value as
below.
①If the preset value is changed to the value less than the count value or same as count value,
output is ON.
(Count value ≧ Preset value)
②If the preset value is changed to the value more than the count value, output is OFF.
(Count value < Preset value)
◇When the pre-scale is not “1.000”. (PSCL≠1.000)
Even if the preset value is changed after counting to full scale, output is not changed.
27
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 6 Display of each Value
6.1 Working of Monitor Display
【Power Monitoring Mode Display】
Integral electric power
↓<ITEM/△>
Instantaneous electric power
↓<ITEM/△>
Current
R-current
→
<SHIFT/▽>
S-current
*3
→
<SHIFT/▽>
T-current
*1
Press <SHIFT/▽> to shift R-A → S-A → T-A → R-A→・・・
↓<ITEM/△>
Voltage
R(RS)-voltage
→
<SHIFT/▽>
S(RT)-voltage
*3
→
<SHIFT/▽>
T(TS)-voltage
*2
Press <SHIFT/▽> to shift R(RS)-V → S(RT)-V → T(TS)-V → R(RS)-V→・・・
↓<ITEM/△>
Electricity charge
↓<ITEM/△>
CO2 Conversion value
↓<ITEM/△>
Power factor
*3
↓<ITEM/△>
Frequency
*3
↓<ITEM/△>
Hour meter
Load ON-time
(ON-h)
→
<SHIFT/▽>
Load OFF-time
(OFF-h)
Press <SHIFT/▽> to shift ON-h→OFF-h→ON-h→・・・.
↓<ITEM/△>
Pulse Counter
*3
<ITEM/△>
*1,2 The display is changed according to the phase and wire system.
Current
1P2W
system
1P3W
system
3P3W
system
3P4W
system (*3)
Voltage
R-current
R-voltage
R-current
T-current
R-current, S-current,
T-current
R-current, S-current,
T-current
R-voltage, T-voltage
(P1-P0)
(P2-P0)
RS-voltage, RT-voltage,
(P1-P0)
(P1-P2)
R-voltage,
S-voltage,
(P1-P0)
(P2-P0)
*3 Only AKW1111/AKW1111B (400V AC applicable type)
28
TS-voltage
(P2-P0)
T-voltage
(P3-P0)
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
6.2 Power Monitoring mode
(Sample image is AKW1111/AKW1111B. AKW1110/AKW1110B displays same.)
Power on the unit and it displays the integral electric power.
6.2.1 Integral electric power
・It displays the integral electric power.
Sample
kWh
MWh
・Integral electric power is measured and displayed from 0.00kWh to 9999.99MWh.
・The decimal point is changed automatically.
kWh
0.00
kWh
9999.99
kWh
10000.0
kWh
99999.9
MWh
100.00
MWh
9999.99
(After reaching the full scale (99999.9kWh), the value reverts to 0.00kWh but continues to measure.)
How to reset
・Hold down <SET> and press <MODE> makes integral electric power clear.
Reset
<SET>
<MODE>
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
How to display with 9-digit
Integral electric power can be displayed with 9-digit.
・Press <SHIFT/▽> and <ITEM/△> simultaneously at integral electric power display (kWh/MWh)
and integral electric power with 9-digit is displayed.
Sample: 6-digit (MWh)
9-digit (kWh)
+
29
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
6.2.2 Instantaneous electric power
・It displays the Instantaneous electric power.
Sample
Instantaneous electric power (kW)
6.2.3 Current
・It displays the current value of the load.
・Press <SHIFT/▽> to change R-current and S-current (*), T-current.
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B (400V AC applicable type)
*Before start measuring, select phase and wire system according to the measured load.
When it sets wrong, it doesn’t measure correctly. (Refer to the explanation of setting mode.)
Sample
R-current (A)
S-current (A) *
T-current (A)
・When input current is under the setting cut-off current, it displays “0.0” and doesn’t measure.
・When input current exceeds 150%F.S. at each range, 「 ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐」 will be displayed.
・Current measurement parts
Eco-POWER METER measures the current as below.
<AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type)>
Display
System
Single-phase two-wire
Single-phase three-wire
Three-phase three-wire
Three-phase four-wire
R-A
S-A
T-A
R-current
R-current
R-current
R-current
(Skip)
(Skip)
S-current
S-current
(Skip)
T-current
T-current
T-current
R-A
T-A
R-current
R-current
R-current
(Skip)
T-current
T-current
<AKW1110/AKW1110B>
Display
System
Single-phase two-wire
Single-phase three-wire
Three-phase three-wire
30
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
6.2.4 Voltage
・It displays the voltage value of the load.
・Press <SHIFT/▽> to change voltage between R(RS)-voltage(*) and T(TS)-voltage.
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B (400V AC applicable type)
*Before start measuring, select phase and wire system according to the measured load.
When it sets wrong, it doesn’t measure correctly. (Refer to the explanation of setting mode.)
Sample for 1P2W/1P3W/3P4W
R-voltage (V)
S-voltage (V) *
T-voltage (V)
Sample for 3P3W
RS-voltage (V)
RT-voltage (V) *
TS-voltage (V)
・When input voltage is under 5% of rating, it displays “0.0” and doesn’t measure.
(“Under 5%” means the value getting from this calculation “rated voltage 200(400) x 0.05 x VT
ratio”.)
・When input voltage exceeds 150%F.S. at each range, 「 ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐」 will be displayed.
・Voltage measurement parts
Eco-POWER METER measures the voltage as below.
<AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type)>
Display
R-V / RS-V
S-V / RT-V
T-V / TS-V
System
R-voltage (P1-P0)
Single-phase two-wire
(Skip)
(Skip)
(line voltage)
R-voltage
T-voltage
Single-phase three-wire
(Skip)
(phase voltage)
(phase voltage)
RS-voltage (P1-P0)
RT-voltage(P1-P2)
TS-voltage (P2-P0)
Three-phase three-wire
(line voltage)
(line voltage)
(line voltage)
R-voltage
S-voltage
T-voltage
Three-phase four-wire
(phase voltage)
(phase voltage)
(phase voltage)
<AKW1110/AKW1110B>
Display
System
Single-phase two-wire
Single-phase three-wire
Three-phase three-wire
R-V / RS-V
T-V / TS-V
R-voltage (P1-P0)
(line voltage)
R-voltage
(phase voltage)
T-voltage
(phase voltage)
RS-voltage (P1-P0)
(line voltage)
TS-voltage (P2-P0)
(line voltage)
31
(Skip)
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
6.2.5 Electricity Charge
・It displays the standard electricity charge for the integral electrical power.
Sample
*When the value exceeds ‘999999’,
「‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐」 will be displayed.
6.2.6 Carbon dioxide conversion value
・It displays the standard conversion value for the integral electrical power.
Sample
CO2 conversion value (kg-CO2)
*When the value exceeds ‘999999’,
「‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐ ‐」 will be displayed.
6.2.7 Power factor
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B
・It displays power factor of the load.
Sample
Lagging phase
Leading phase
・How to calculate power factor
Eco-POWER METER displays power factor by calculating as below.
Power factor operation is a method assuming balanced load. The error might be big when it
measures unbalanced load.
Single-phase two-wire
PF=
Single-phase three-wire
Three-phase four -wire
PF=
Three-phase three -wire
Instantaneous electric power
Voltage x Current
Instantaneous electric power
a x
Average of
each phase V
x
Average of
each phase A
Instantaneous electric power
PF=
√3
x
32
Average of
each phase V
x
Average of
each phase A
1P3W: a=2
3P4W: a=3
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
6.2.8 Frequency
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B
・It displays the frequency.
Sample
Frequency (Hz)
6.2.9 Hour meter
・It displays ON-time and OFF-time of the load.
・Press <SHIFT/▽> to change the load ON-time to load OFF-time.
Sample
ON-time (h)
OFF-time (h)
Blinking the decimal point during
measurement of ON-time.
Blinking the decimal point during
measurement of OFF-time.
*When load current is under the setting current for time measurement (HM-A), it measures as
OFF-time. When load current is exceeded to the setting current for time measurement (HM-A), it
measures as ON-time. Current for time measurement (HM-A) is set to under cutoff current (CUTA),
all current is measured as OFF-time.
*Current flow of CT1
Load ON-time
[h]
0
HM-A
CUTA
Measured as OFF-h
Ratio of load current[%]
Measured as ON-h
*After reaching the full scale (99999.9h), the value reverts to 0.0h but continues to measure.
ON
Current
Full scale
ON
OFF
OFF
99999.9h
ON-time
0.0h
OFF-time
0.0h
33
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
How to Reset ON/OFF-time
・Hold down <SET>key and press <MODE>key makes ON-time or OFF-time clear.
(ON-time and OFF-time are reset by each.)
Reset
ON
<SET>
OFF
ON
<MODE>
OFF
6.2.10 Counter
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B
・It displays present count value (pulse input value).
Sample
Prescale: 0.01
*After reaching the full scale (999999), the value reverts to 0 but continues to measure.
How to Reset Count value
・Hold down <SET>key and press <MODE>key makes count value clear.
Reset
ON
<SET>
OFF
ON
<MODE>
OFF
6.3 Other indication
6.3.1 Power On indication
Power indicator turns on when the unit power on.
POWER indicator
Even if the display turns off, the power indicator is lighting while
a current flows to the unit.
(Refer to Mode 4 setting.)
6.3.2 Indication while communication
TX/RX indicator is blinking while Eco-POWER METER is under
communication.
TX/RX indicator
34
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 7 Communication
7.1 Communication Procedures
Communication starts with command transmission from the host computer (hereafter Master) and
ends with the response of Eco-POWER METER (hereafter Slave).
Master
Slave
Command
Data
Command
Acknowledgement
Command
Negative
acknowledgement
Command
No response
• Response with data
When master sends reading command, slave responds with the
corresponding set value or current status.
• Acknowledgement
When master sends setting command, slave responds by sending
the acknowledgement.
• Negative acknowledgement
When master sends a non-existent command or value out of the
setting range, the slave returns negative acknowledgement.
• No response
Slave will not respond to master in the following cases.
• Global address “FF” (MEWTOCOL) is set.
• Broadcast address “00H” (Modbus protocol) is set.
• Communication error (framing error, parity error)
• CRC-16 discrepancy (Modbus RTU mode)
7.2 Communication timing
◆The minimum access time from the master is 1 sec. (Minimum time for update the data)
Eco-POWER METER may not response due to noise and so on, be sure to check that it receives
the response from Eco-POWER METER.
◆In order to improve the communication quality, we recommend to send the transmission again.
Communication timing of RS485
◇Eco-POWER METER (Slave) side
When Eco-POWER METER (Slave) starts transmission to RS485 communication line, it is arranged
so as to provide an idle status transmission period of about 1 to 99ms (setting available) before
sending the response to ensure the synchronization on the receiving side. After sending the
response, master can disconnect the transmitter from the communication line within transmission
period 20ms.
◇Master side (Cautions of setting a program)
At communication, keep the following conditions.
1) Set the program so that the master can disconnect the transmitter from the communication line
within the transmission period of about 2ms after sending the command in preparation for
reception of the response from Eco-POWER METER (Slave).
2) To avoid collision of transmissions between the master and Eco-POWER METER (Slave), send a
next command after checking that the master received the response.
35
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
7.3 MEWTOCOL Communication
7.3.1 Overview of MEWTOCOL-COM (RS485)
◆Command and response functions
The computer sends commands (instructions) to Eco-POWER METER, and receives responses in
return. This enables the computer and Eco-POWER METER to converse with each other, so that
various kinds of information can be obtained and provided.
①Commands
Computer
Eco-POWER METER
②Responses
◆Command and response formats
Command message
(Host computer)
Destaxation
Header
Check
code
Text
(Eco-POWER METER)
◇Control codes
Name
Header
Command
(To next command)
Termnitro
Header
Character
%
#
ASCII code
25H
23H
Source
Check
Termcode
nitro
Normal response message
Text
Explanation
Indicates the beginning of a message.
Indicates that the data comprises a command
message.
Indicates that the data comprises a normal response
message.
Indicates that the data comprises a response message
when an error occurs.
Indicates the end of a message.
Normal
24H
$
response
Error
21H
!
response
Terminator
CR
0DH
◇Destination and source AD (H), (L)
Two-digit decimal 01 to 99 (ASCII codes)
Command messages contain a station number for Eco-POWER METER that receives the message.
When FF (ASCII code table) is used, however, the transmission is a global transmission (sent to all
stations at once).
Note) When a global transmission is sent, no response to the command message is returned.
◇Block check code Bcc (H), (L)
Two- digit hexadecimal 00 to FF (ASCII codes)
These are codes (horizontal parity) that are used to detect errors in the transmitted data.
If “**” is entered instead of “Bcc”, however, messages can be transmitted without the Bcc. In this
case, the Bcc is included with the response
◇Error code
Err (H), (L)
Two- digit hexadecimal 00 to FF (ASCII codes)
These indicate the content if an error occurs.
◆Bcc (Block Check Code)
-The Bcc is a code that carries out an error check using horizontal parity, to improve the reliability of
the data being sent.
-The Bcc uses an exclusive OR from the header (%) to the final character of the text, and converts
the 8- bit data into a 2-character ASCII code.
Example)
%
↑
Header
%
25H
0
1
↑
Station No.1
0
30H
1
31H
#
↑
Command
#
23H
R
T
↑
RT
Command
R
T
52H
54H
(1) Takes exclusive OR
36
0
1
CR
↑
2-character
Bcc
0 1
Bcc(H)=0(30H)
Bcc(L)=1(31H)
(2) Converts to ASCII format
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
7.3.2 Data Register List <AKW1111/AKW1111B (400AC applicable type)>
Data register
Name
DT00054
Rate (CHG)
Conversion factor
DT00055
(CO2)
DT00060
Unit
0.01
0.001
2
kg-CO
Rated A
(rms)
Kind of data
R/W
Unsigned 16bit
0 to 9999
R/W
Unsigned 16bit
5,50,100,250,400,600
R/W
-
Unsigned 32bit
1(0.001),10(0.01),100(0.1),
1000(1),10000(10),100000(100)
999 (Instantaneous electric power:
Values of DT00064, 00065)
777 (Ratio for current alarm:
Value of DT00069)
555 (Preset value for output:
Values of DT00158,00159)
333 (Ratio and time for Stand-by alarm:
Value of DT00077,00078)
R/W
1A
Unsigned 16bit
1 to 4000
R/W
0.01kW
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R/W
0.01
Unsigned 16bit
100 to 9999
R/W
0.1%
Unsigned 16bit
1 to 1000
R/W
0.1%
0.1%
-
Unsigned 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
10 to 500
10 to 1000
1; 400V
2; 200V
R/W
R/W
R/W
0.1%
1min.
Unsigned 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
10 to 1000
0 to 9999
R/W
R/W
0.01kWh
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999999
R/W
0.1A
0.1A
0.1A
0.01
0.1Hz
Unsigned 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
Signed 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
0 to 60000
0 to 60000
0 to 60000
-99 to 100
0 to 1000
Load ON-time
0.1h
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R/W
Load OFF-time
0.1h
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R/W
Pulse count value
-
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R/W
Preset value
-
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R/W
0.001
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 100000
R/W
Max. counting speed
Auto-off time
Hz
min
Unsigned 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
30, 2000
0 to 99 (0:always on)
R/W
R/W
R(RS)-voltage
0.1V
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R
S(RT)-voltage
0.1V
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R
T(TS)-voltage
0.1V
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R
Instantaneous
electric power
0.01kW
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R
CT type
Unit for
Pulse output
DT00062
DT00068
DT00069
DT00070
Primary side current
value when CT 5A
Power alarm value
(Instantaneous
electric power)
VT ratio
Current threshold for
time measurement
Cutoff current
Ratio for current alarm
Voltage range
DT00077
DT00078
Ratio for stand-by current
Time for stand-by alarm
DT00100
DT00101
DT00107
DT00108
DT00109
DT00111
DT00112
Integral electric
power
R-current
S-current
T-current
Power factor
Frequency
DT00064
DT00065
DT00066
DT00067
DT00150
DT00151
DT00152
DT00153
DT00154
DT00155
DT00158
DT00159
DT00160
DT00161
DT00162
DT00163
DT00170
DT00171
DT00172
DT00173
DT00174
DT00175
DT00176
DT00177
R/W
0 to 9999
DT00061
DT00063
Range
Unsigned 16bit
Prescale value
37
R
R
R
R
R
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
7.3.3 Data Register List <AKW1110/AKW1110B>
Data register
DT00054
DT00055
DT00060
Name
Unit
Kind of data
0.01
0.001
2
kg-CO
Rated A
(rms)
Unsigned 16bit
0 to 9999
R/W
Unsigned 16bit
0 to 9999
R/W
Unsigned 16bit
5,50,100,250,400,600
R/W
-
Unsigned 32bit
1(0.001),10(0.01),100(0.1),
1000(1),10000(10),100000(100)
999 (Instantaneous electric power:
Values of DT00064, 00065)
777 (Ratio for current alarm:
Value of DT00069)
R/W
1A
Unsigned 16bit
1 to 4000
R/W
0.01kW
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R/W
0.01
Unsigned 16bit
100 to 9999
R/W
0.1%
Unsigned 16bit
1 to 1000
R/W
0.1%
0.1%
Unsigned 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
10 to 500
10 to 1000
R/W
R/W
0.01kWh
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999999
R/W
0.1A
0.1A
Unsigned 16bit
Unsigned 16bit
0 to 60000
0 to 60000
Load ON-time
0.1h
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R/W
Load OFF-time
0.1h
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R/W
Auto-off time
min
Unsigned 16bit
0 to 99 (0:always on)
R/W
R(RS)-voltage
0.1V
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R
T(TS)-voltage
0.1V
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R
Instantaneous
electric power
0.01kW
Unsigned 32bit
0 to 999999
R
Rate (CHG)
Conversion factor
(CO2)
CT type
DT00061
Unit for
Pulse output
DT00062
DT00063
DT00064
DT00065
DT00066
DT00067
DT00068
DT00069
DT00100
DT00101
DT00107
DT00109
DT00150
DT00151
DT00152
DT00153
DT00163
DT00170
DT00171
DT00174
DT00175
DT00176
DT00177
Primary side current
value when CT 5A
Power alarm value
(Instantaneous
electric power)
VT ratio
Current threshold for
time measurement
Cutoff current
Ratio for current alarm
Integral electric
power
R-current
T-current
Range
R/W
R
R
Note1) R: Read W: Write
2) Data register except specified is 0.
3) DT00061, 00062 (Unit for pulse output) is numerical value (in the range of data register).
4) If each setting value is wrote by communication, it memories to internal EEPROM at the same
time. Therefore, change setting frequently makes EEPROM’s life short. Avoid to usage like
this.
5) Write a data within the range when you write it.
6) Max reading point is 26 points (57 bytes), max writing point is 23 points (55 bytes).
38
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
7.3.4 Error Codes
◇Basic procedure errors
Error code
40H
Error name
Bcc error
41H
Format error
42H
No support error
43H
Procedure error
Explanation
・A Bcc error occurred in the command data.
・A command message was sent that does not fit the transmission
format.
・A command was sent that is not supported.
・Delimiter with multiple frames was sent.
・The response shall be multiple frames.
◇Application error
Error code
60H
Error name
Parameter error
Explanation
61H
Data error
62H
Registration error
・The data code is not “D”.
・Word No. is specified without decimal.(0000F etc.)
・The starting word No. is bigger than the ending word No.
・Writing data has a code that is not hexadecimal.
・Too many registrations have been entered (more than 17).
・“MD” command was sent when some registration has been exist.
・ “MG” command was sent when registration has not been
entered.
◇Self-diagnostic error
Error code
Error name
45H
Explanation
・At “WD” command, writing data is exceeded the range of data
register.
Operation error
7.3.5 Command
Eco-POWER METER has 5 kinds of commands.
Command name
Read data area
Write data to data area
Resister or Reset data monitored
Monitoring start
Read status
Code
RD
WD
MD
MG
RT
Explanation
Reads the contents of data area.
Writes data to a data area.
Resisters the data to be monitored.
Monitors a registered data.
Reads the specifications of Eco-POWER METER and error code
if an error occurs.
◆[RD]: Read data area (Reads the contents of data area.)
◇Command
%
Destination
×101
#
R
D
Ending word No.
5 characters
Starting word No.
5 characters
D
×100
×104
×103
×102
×101
×100
×104
×103
×102
Bcc
×101
×100
×161
CR
×160
◇Normal response (Read successful)
%
Source
1
×10
$
R
First register contents
4 characters
D
0
1
×10
×16
Source
1
×10
×16
3
×16
2
1
×16
×16
(lower word) (higher word)
◇Error response
%
0
Last register contents
4 characters
!
0
Error code
1
×10
×16
0
×16
Bcc
×161
0
×16
3
×16
Bcc
2
×16
1
×16
CR
×160
(lower word) (higher word)
CR (Common to each command)
×160
◆[WD]: Write data area (Writes date to a data area.)
◇Command
%
Destination
×101
#
W
D
Starting word No.
5 characters
D
×100
×104
×103
×102
×101
Ending word No.
5 characters
×100
×104
×103
×102
First writing data
4 characters
×101
×100
Source
1
×10
$
0
×10
W
D
×160
×163
⇒
×162
(lower word) (higher word)
◇Normal response (Write successful)
%
×161
Bcc
1
×16
Last writing data
4 characters
⇒
CR
0
1
×16
×16
0
×16
3
×16
Bcc
2
×16
×161
(lower word) (higher word)
39
×160
CR
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
◆[MD]: Register or Reset data monitored (Registers the data to be monitored.) *Up to 16 points can be registered for one unit.
◇Command (Register)
%
Destination
1
×10
#
Data specification n
Data specification ①
M
D
Word No.
5 characters
D
0
4
×10
×10
3
×10
2
×10
0
×10
Destination
1
×10
#
M
D
F
F
F
F
F
F
0
Bcc
×161
×10
Source
×101
×10
$
M
×103
×102
×101
Bcc
×100
CR
×161
×160
×162
×161
16 points max.
BCC
D
×100
×161
CR
×160
Fixed (6 characters)
◇Normal response (Registration successful)
%
4
×10
◇Command (Register reset)
%
Word No.
5 characters
D
1
CR
×160
◆[MG]: Monitoring start (Monitors a registered data.)
◇Command
%
Destination
×101
#
M
Bcc
G
×100
×161
CR
×160
No. of characters
◇Normal response (Monitoring successful)
No. of characters
%
Source
×101
$
M
G
0
0
0
×100
Data ①
4 characters
in data line
2 characters
×161
×160
×161
×160
×163
Data n
4 characters
×162
×161
(lower word) (higher word)
×160
×163
Bcc
CR
×160
(lower word) (higher word)
◆[RT]: Read the status of Eco-POWER METER (Reads the specifications of Eco-POWER METER and error codes if an error occurs.)
◇Command
%
Destination
×101
#
R
T
×100
Bcc
×161
Error flag
01: abnormal
00: normal
Operation mode
01: On operating
00: Stop
CR
×160
◇Normal response (Read successful)
%
Source
×101
×100
$
R
T
Model code 1
2 characters
Model code 2
2 characters
×161
×161
×160
×160
Operation mode
2 characters
Version
4 characters
×163
×162
×161
×160
*With this unit, it responses "99" for Model code1, "14" for Model code2.
40
×161
×160
Error flag
Self-diagnostic error No.
2 characters
4 characters
×161 ×160 ×161 ×160 ×163 ×162
Bcc
×161
(lower word) (higher word)
×160
CR
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
7.4 MODBUS (RTU) Communication
7.4.1 Overview of MODBUS (RTU)
◆8-bit binary data in command is transmitted as it is.
Data format
Start bit
: 1 bit
Data bit
: 8 bits *7bits is not available.
Parity
: No parity, Even parity, Odd parity Selectable
Stop bit
: 1 bit (Fixed)
Error detection
: CRC-16 (Cyclic Redundancy Check)
Data interval
: 3.5 character transmission time or less
◆Message configuration
RTU mode is configured to start after idle time processing of more than 3.5 character transmissions
and end after idle time processing of more than 3.5 character transmissions.
3.5 idle
characters
Slave
address
8-bit
Function
code
8-bit
Data
**bits
Error check
CRC-16
16-bit
3.5 idle
characters
Master judges the transmission complete after no command for 4-characters idle time and process the
command.
*Transmission speed and judgment time to complete transmission
Transmission speed (bps)
38400
19200
9600
4800
2400
Judgment time to complete (ms)
about 1.00
about 2.00
about 4.00
about 8.00
about 16.00
◇Slave address:
Slave address is an individual instrument number on the slave side and is set within the range 1 to
99 (01H to 63H). Master identifies slaves by the slave address of the requested message.
Slave informs master which slave is responding to master by placing its own address in the
response message. Slave address 0 (00H, broadcast address) can identify all slaves connected.
However slaves do not respond.
◇Function code: Function code is command code for the slave to undertake the following action
types.
Function code
Contents
03(03H)
DT Read
06(06H)
DT1 word write
16(10H)
DT several data write
Function code is used to discern whether the response is normal (acknowledgement) or if any error
(negative acknowledgement) has occurred when slave returns response message to master.
When acknowledgement is returned, slave simply returns original function code. When negative
acknowledgement is returned, MSB of original function code is set as 1 for response.
For example, when the master sends request message setting 00H to function code by mistake,
slave returns 80H by setting MSB to 1, because the former is an illegal function.
For negative acknowledgement, the exception codes below are set to data of response message
and returned to master in order to inform it of what kind of error has occurred.
Exception code
Contents
1(01H)
Illegal Function (Non-existent function)
3(03H)
Illegal data value (Value out of the devise numbers)
note1) Even if it commands to write (06H.10H) to non-existent data address, slave response with
acknowledgement. However, it doesn’t write.
note2) Even if it commands to write the value out of the setting range, slave response with
acknowledgement. However, it doesn’t write.
note3) The maximum number of reading slaves is 26 (57 bytes), the maximum number of writing
slaves is 23 (55 bytes).
41
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
◇Data: Data depends on the function code.
A request message from the master side is composed of data item, number of data and setting data.
A response message from the slave side is composed of number of bytes, data and exception code
in negative acknowledgement.
◇Error check: 16-bit data to detect communication errors. Refer to the next.
◇Acknowledgement response
When command is to write 1 point, same massage of command is responded.
When command is to write several points, part of command message (6 bytes) is responded.
◆Error check
After calculating CRC-16 (Cyclic Redundancy Check) from slave address to the end of data, the
calculated 16-bit data is appended to the end of message in sequence from low order to high order.
<How to calculate CRC>
In CRC system, the information is divided by the polynomial series. The remainder is added to the
end of the information and transmitted. The generation of polynomial series is as follows.
(Generation of polynomial series: X16 + X 15 + X 2 + 1)
1) Initialize the CRC-16 data (assumed as X) (FFFFH).
2) Calculate exclusive OR (XOR) with the 1st data and X. This is assumed as X.
3) Shift X one bit to the right. This is assumed as X.
4) When a carry is generated as a result of the shift, XOR is calculated by X of 3) and the fixed
value (A001H). This is assumed as X. If a carry is not generated, go to step 5).
5) Repeat steps 3) and 4) until shifting 8 times.
6) XOR is calculated with the next data and X. This is assumed as X.
7) Repeat steps 3) to 5).
8) Repeat steps 3) to 5) up to the last data.
9) Set X as CRC-16 to the end of message in sequence from low order to high order.
◆Message example
<1> Reading electricity rate (0036H) of address 1
・Command
3.5 idle
characters
Slave
address
(01H)
Function
code
(03H)
Data item
(0036H)
Number of
data
(0001H)
Error check
CRC-16
(6404H)
1
1
2
2
2
3.5 idle
characters
←character
number
・Response message from slave in normal status (When Rate=1000(10.00) [03E8H])
3.5 idle
characters
Slave
address
(01H)
Function
code
(03H)
Number of
response byte
(02H)
Number of
data
(03E8H)
Error check
CRC-16
(B8FAH)
1
1
1
2
2
3.5 idle
characters
←character
number
<2> Setting electricity rate (0036H) of address 1 (When rate is set to 20.00(2000) [07D0H])
・Command
3.5 idle
characters
Slave
address
(01H)
Function
code
(06H)
Data item
(0036H)
Number of
data
(07D0H)
Error check
CRC-16
(6A68H)
1
1
2
2
2
Error check
CRC-16
(6A68H)
2
3.5 idle
characters
←character
number
・Response message from slave in normal status
3.5 idle
characters
Slave
address
(01H)
Function
code
(06H)
Data item
(0036H)
Number of
data
(07D0H)
1
1
2
2
42
3.5 idle
characters
←character
number
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
<3> Reset integral electric power (0064H, 0065H: 2-word) of address 1
(When setting to 0 [0000, 0000H])
・Command
3.5 idle
characters
Number of
data item to
write
(0002H)
Number of
data
(04H)
2
2
1
Date 1
Date 2
(0000H)
(0000H)
Error check
CRC-16
(F474H)
2
2
2
Number of
data item to
write
(0002H)
Error check
CRC-16
(0017H)
2
2
Slave
address
(01H)
Function
code
(10H)
Data item
1
1
⇒
(0064H)
⇒
←character
number
3.5 idle
characters
←character
number
・Response message from slave in normal status
3.5 idle
characters
Slave
address
(01H)
Function
code
(10H)
Data item
1
1
2
(0064H)
3.5 idle
characters
←character
number
・A response message from the slave in exception (error) status
(When number of data has been mistaken.)
Function code MSB is set to 1 for the response message in exception (error) status (90H).
The exception code 03H (Value out of the devise numbers) is returned as contents of error.
<Mistaken message example (Command)>
3.5 idle
characters
Slave
address
(01H)
Function
code
(10H)
Number of
data item to
write
(0002H)
Number of
data
(06H)
⇒
↑Mistake
⇒
Data 1
Data 2
(0000H)
(0000H)
Error check
CRC-16
(8DB4)
<Response message from slave to mistaken command
(Response message in exception (error) status)>
3.5 idle
characters
Slave
address
(01H)
Function
code
(90H)
Exception code
(03H)
43
Error check
CRC-16
(0C01H)
3.5 idle
characters
3.5 idle
characters
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
7.4.2 Data Register List <AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type)>
Data item
(MEWTOCOL)
0036H
(DT00054)
0037H
(DT00055)
003CH
(DT00060)
Name
Range: Hexadecimal
(Range: Decimal)
MODBUS
Function code
Unit
Kind of date
0.01
Unsigned 16bit
0H to 270FH (0 to 9999)
03H/06H/10H
Conversion factor
(CO2)
0.001
2
kg-CO
Unsigned 16bit
0H to 270FH (0 to 9999)
03H/06H/10H
CT type
Rated A
(rms)
Unsigned 16bit
Rate (CHG)
003DH
(DT00061)
5H(5),32H(50),64H(100),
FAH(250),190H(400),
03H/06H/10H
258H(600)
1H(1)<0.001>, AH(10)<0.01>,
64H(100)<0.1>, 3E8H(1000)<1>,
2710H(10000)<10>,
186A0H(100000)<100>,
3E7H(999)
<Instantaneous electric power:
Values of 0040H,0041H>
Unit for
Pulse output
-
Unsigned 32bit
309H(777)
<Ratio for current alarm:
Values of 0045H>
03H/06H/10H
22B(555)
<Preset value for output:
Values of 009EH,009FH>
003EH
(DT00062)
14DH(333)
<Ratio and time for stand-by alarm:
Values of 004DH,00E4H>
003FH
(DT00063)
0040H
(DT00064)
0041H
(DT00065)
0042H
(DT00066)
0043H
(CT00067)
0044H
(DT00068)
0045H
(DT00069)
0046H
(DT00070)
004DH
(DT00077)
004EH
(DT00078)
0064H
(DT00100)
0065H
(DT00101)
006BH
(DT00107)
006CH
(DT00108)
006DH
(DT00109)
006FH
(DT00111)
0070H
(DT00112)
Primary side
current value
when CT 5A
1A
Unsigned 16bit
1H to FA0H
(1 to 4000)
03H/06H/10H
0.01kW
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH
(0 to 999999)
03H/06H/10H
VT ratio
0.01
Unsigned 16bit
64H to 270FH
(100 to 9999)
03H/06H/10H
Current threshold
for time
measurement
0.1%
Unsigned 16bit
1H to 3E8H
(1 to 1000)
03H/06H/10H
Cutoff current
0.1%
Unsigned 16bit
Current alarm value
0.1%
Unsigned 16bit
-
Unsigned 16bit
0.1%
Unsigned 16bit
AH to 3E8H (10~1000)
03H/06H/10H
-
Unsigned 16bit
1H to 270FH (1~9999)
03H/06H/10H
0H to 3B9AC9FFH
(0 to 999999999)
03H/06H/10H
Power alarm value
(Instantaneous
active power)
Voltage range
Current ratio for
stand-by alarm
Time for stand-by
Alarm
Integral electric
Power
0.01kWh Unsigned 32bit
AH to 1F4H
(10 to 500)
AH to 3E8H
(10 to 1000)
1H(1):400V
2H(2):200V
03H/06H/10H
03H/06H/10H
03H/06H/10H
R-current
0.1A
Unsigned 16bit
0H to EA60H (0 to 60000)
03H
S-current
0.1A
Unsigned 16bit
0H to EA60H (0 to 60000)
03H
T-current
0.1A
Unsigned 16bit
0H to EA60H(0 to 60000)
03H
Power factor
0.01
Signed 16bit
FF9DH to 0064H (-99 to 100)
03H
0.1Hz
Unsigned 16bit
0H to 3E8H (0 to 1000)
03H
Frequency
44
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Data item
(MEWTOCOL)
0096H
(DT00150)
0097H
(DT00151)
0098H
(DT00152)
0099H
(DT00153)
009AH
(DT00154)
009BH
(DT00155)
009EH
(DT00158)
009FH
(DT00159)
00A0H
(DT00160)
00A1H
(DT00161)
00A2H
(DT00162)
00A3H
(DT00163)
00AAH
(DT00170)
00ABH
(DT00171)
00ACH
(DT00172)
00ADH
(DT00173)
00AEH
(DT00174)
00AFH
(DT00175)
00B0H
(DT00176)
00B1H
(DT00177)
Name
Range: Hexadecimal
(Range: Decimal)
MODBUS
Function code
Unit
Kind of date
Load ON-time
0.1h
Unsigned 16bit
0H to F423FH
(0 to 999999)
03H/06H/10H
Load OFF-time
0.1h
Unsigned 16bit
0H to F423FH
(0 to 999999)
03H/06H/10H
Pulse count value
-
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH
(0 to 999999)
03H/06H/10H
Preset value
-
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH
(0 to 999999)
03H/06H/10H
Prescale value
-
Unsigned 32bit
0H to 186A0H (0 to 100000)
03H/06H/10H
Max. counting speed
Hz
Unsigned 16bit
1EH (30), 7D0H (2000)
03H/06H/10H
Auto-off time
min
Unsigned 16bit
0H to 63H (0 to 99)
(0H:always on)
03H/06H/10H
R(RS)-voltage
0.1V
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
03H
S(RT)-voltage
0.1V
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
03H
T(TS)-voltage
0.1V
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
03H
Instantaneous
electric power
0.01kW
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
03H
45
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
7.4.3 Data Register List <AKW1110/AKW1110B>
Data item
(MEWTOCOL)
0036H
(DT00054)
0037H
(DT00055)
003CH
(DT00060)
Name
0.01
Unsigned 16bit
0H to 270FH (0 to 9999)
03H/06H/10H
Conversion factor
(CO2)
0.001
2
kg-CO
Unsigned 16bit
0H to 270FH (0 to 9999)
03H/06H/10H
CT type
Rated A
(rms)
Unsigned 16bit
-
Unsigned 32bit
Rate (CHG)
Unit for
Pulse output
003EH
(DT00062)
0040H
(DT00064)
0041H
(DT00065)
0042H
(DT00066)
0043H
(CT00067)
0044H
(DT00068)
0045H
(DT00069)
0064H
(DT00100)
0065H
(DT00101)
006BH
(DT00107)
006DH
(DT00109)
0096H
(DT00150)
0097H
(DT00151)
0098H
(DT00152)
0099H
(DT00153)
00A3H
(DT00163)
00AAH
(DT00170)
00ABH
(DT00171)
00AEH
(DT00174)
00AFH
(DT00175)
00B0H
(DT00176)
00B1H
(DT00177)
MODBUS
Function code
Kind of date
003DH
(DT00061)
003FH
(DT00063)
Range: Hexadecimal
(Range: Decimal)
Unit
5H(5),32H(50),64H(100),
FAH(250),190H(400),
03H/06H/10H
258H(600)
1H(1)<0.001>, AH(10)<0.01>,
64H(100)<0.1>, 3E8H(1000)<1>,
2710H(10000)<10>,
186A0H(100000)<100>,
3E7H(999)
<Instantaneous electric power:
Values of 0040H,0041H>
03H/06H/10H
309H(777)
<Ratio for current alarm:
Values of 0045H>
Primary side
current value
when CT 5A
1A
Unsigned 16bit
1H to FA0H (1 to 4000)
03H/06H/10H
0.01kW
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
03H/06H/10H
VT ratio
0.01
Unsigned 16bit
64H to 270FH (100 to 9999)
03H/06H/10H
Current threshold
for time measurement
0.1%
Unsigned 16bit
1H to 3E8H (1 to 1000)
03H/06H/10H
Cutoff current
0.1%
Unsigned 16bit
AH to 1F4H (10 to 500)
03H/06H/10H
Current alarm value
0.1%
Unsigned 16bit
AH to 3E8H (10 to 1000)
03H/06H/10H
0H to 3B9AC9FFH
(0 to 999999999)
03H/06H/10H
Power alarm value
(Instantaneous
active power)
Integral electric
Power
0.01kWh Unsigned 32bit
R-current
0.1A
Unsigned 16bit
0H to EA60H (0 to 60000)
03H
T-current
0.1A
Unsigned 16bit
0H to EA60H (0 to 60000)
03H
Load ON-time
0.1h
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
03H/06H/10H
Load OFF-time
0.1h
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
03H/06H/10H
Auto-off time
min
Unsigned 16bit
0H to 63H (0 to 99)
(0H:always on)
03H/06H/10H
R(RS)-voltage
0.1V
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
03H
T(TS)-voltage
0.1V
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
03H
Instantaneous
electric power
0.01kW
Unsigned 32bit
0H to F423FH (0 to 999999)
03H
46
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 8 Specifications
8.1 Main unit
Item
Rated operating voltage
Rated frequency
Rated power consumption
Inrush current
Allowable operating
voltage range
Allowable momentary
power-off time
Ambient temperature
Ambient humidity
AKW1111/AKW1111B
100-240V AC
50/60Hz common
8VA (240VAC at 25℃)
Max. 30A (240VAC at 25℃)
AKW1110/AKW1110B
6VA (240VAC at 25℃)
85-264V AC (85% to 110% of rated operating voltage)
10ms
-10 to +50℃ (-25℃ to +70℃ at storage)
30 to 85%RH (at 20℃) non-condensing
A)Outer edge (enclosure)-
Between the isolated circuits:
All terminals
Breakdown voltage(initial)
2000V for 1min B)Between Insulated circuit
・Operating power supply terminals-
Analog input terminals
Between the isolated circuits:
Insulation
・RS485-All
other
terminals
100MΩor more
resistance(initial)
・Pulse
output
terminals-
(measured at 500V DC)
All other terminals
Vibration resistance
10 to 55Hz (1cycle/min) single amplitude : 0.375mm(1h on 3 axes)
Shock resistance
Min. 294m/s2 (5 times on 3 axes)
LCD
Upper: Green 4-digit, 16-segment, letters H: 6.5mm
Display method
with backlight Lower: Amber 6-digit, 7-segment, letters H: 7.5mm
Memory items:
Power failure
EEP-ROM (more than 100,000 overwrite)
Setting value
memory method
Measuring value
Size
75 x 90 x 50 mm
Weight
approx.170g
note1) Analog input terminals: No.4, No.5 and No. 6
No.7, No.13 and No.14 terminals are connected to analog input circuit internal.
8.2 Input Specifications
8.2.1 Electric power input
Item
AKW1111/AKW1111B
Single-phase two-wire system
Single-phase three-wire system
Phase and wire system
Three-phase three-wire system
Three-phase four-wire system
(common)
1P2W : 0-440V AC (Line voltage)
1P3W : 0-220V AC (Phase voltage)
Rating
3P3W : 0-440V AC (Line voltage)
3P4W : 0-254V AC (Phase voltage)
Up to 120% of rated input voltage
Allowable
1P2W : 0-528V AC (Line voltage)
Input
measurement
1P3W : 0-264V AC (Phase voltage)
voltage
voltage
3P3W : 0-528V AC (Line voltage)
3P4W : 0-300V AC (Phase voltage)
1.00 to 99.99 (Set with setting mode)
VT ratio
AKW1110/AKW1110B
Single-phase two-wire system
Single-phase three-wire system
Three-phase three-wire system
(common)
1P2W : 0-220V AC (Line voltage)
1P3W : 0-110V AC (Phase voltage)
3P3W : 0-220V AC (Line voltage)
1P2W : 0-264V AC (Line voltage)
1P3W : 0-132V AC (Phase voltage)
3P3W : 0-264V AC (Line voltage)
*Voltage transformer (VT) is required when you measure a load with voltage
over the allowable measurement voltage.
*Secondary voltage rating of VT is 110V.
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KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Input
current
Primary side
rating
Special
functions
Cut-off
current
Cut-off
voltage
Current
threshold for
hour meter
<Using the dedicated CT>
・5A/50A/100A/250A/400A/600A (Select with setting mode)
<Using a commercial CT with the secondary side current 5A>
・1 to 4000A (Set with setting mode)
*Use a CT with secondary side current of 5A when measure 600A or more.
1.0 to 50.0%F.S (Set with setting mode)
Below 5% of rating voltage
(Rating voltage x 0.05 x VT ratio)
(Fixed)
1.0 to 100.0%F.S.
Instantaneous electric power / Integral electric power /
Electricity charge / Conversion value
Within ± (2.0 % F.S. + 1 digit)
(at 20 °C, rated input, rated frequency, power factor 1)
In case of 5 A CT mode, within ± (2.5 % F.S. + 1 digit)
*Accuracy coverage:5 to 100% of rated current
Current
Within ± (1.0 % F.S. + 1 digit)
In case of 5 A CT mode, within ± (2.5 % F.S. + 1 digit)
Indication
(at 20 °C rated input, rated frequency, power factor 1)
accuracy
*Accuracy coverage: 5 to 100 % of rated current
Voltage
Accuracy
Within ± (1.0 % F.S. + 1 digit)
(without error
in CT and VT)
(at 20 °C rated input, rated frequency, power factor 1)
Hour meter
±(0.01%+1digit) (at 20℃) Monthly accuracy: ±260 sec.(for your reference)
In case power on start or current energizing
±(0.01%+1s+1 digit) (at 20℃)
Within ± (1.0 % F.S.+ 1 digit)
Temperature
In case of 5 A CT mode, within ± (1.5 % F.S. + 1 digit)
characteristics
(Range of -10 to 50 °C 14 to 122 °F, rated input, power factor 1)
Within ± (1.0 % F.S. + 1 digit)
Frequency
In case of 5 A CT mode, within ± (1.5 % F.S. + 1 digit)
characteristics (Frequency change ± 5 % based on rated frequency,
rated input, power factor 1)
8.2.2 Pulse input
*only AKW1111/AKW1111B (400VAC applicable type)
Input mode
Max. counting speed
Pulse input
Input signal
Output mode
Prescale
Decimal point
Range
Addition (Fixed)
2kHz /30Hz (Select with setting mode)
Min. input signal width:
0.25ms (When 2kHz selected) /16.7ms (When 30Hz selected)
ON:OFF ratio = 1 : 1
Contact / No contact (open collector)
・Impedance when shorted: Max. 1kΩ
・Residual voltage when shorted: Max. 2V
・Impedance when open: Min. 100kΩ
HOLD (Over count)
under 3-digit
0.001 to 100.000 (Set with setting mode)
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KW1M Eco-POWER METER
8.3 Output Specifications
8.3.1 Pulse output (Transistor output)
AKW1111/AKW1111B
Number of output point
1 point
Insulation method
Optical coupler
Output type
Open collector
Output capacity
100mA 30V DC
Pulse width
approx. 100ms
ON state voltage drop
1.5V or less
OFF state leakage current
100μA or less
0.001/0.01/0.1/1/10/100kWh/
Alarm(AL-P)/ Current alarm(AL-C)/
Pulse output unit
AKW1110/AKW1110B
0.001/0.01/0.1/1/10/100kWh/
Alarm(AL-P)/ Current alarm(AL-C)
Stand-by alarm (AL-S) /
Counter output (Cnt)
(Selectable with setting mode)
(Selectable with setting mode)
* We recommend the setting of minimum unit for pulse output for measurement shown as
below.
Output pulse: 4 pulse or less per 1sec.
How to calculate
(Unit for pulse output: PL-P)>(Max. measurement power [kW])/(3600[s]×4 [pulse/s])
Note
(1) Improper unit setting may cause miss counting.
(2) If the OFF time is too short, there is a possibility of counting errors.
8.4 Communication Specifications
Interface
Conforming to RS485
Protocol
MEWTOCOL/MODBUS(RTU) (selectable with setting mode)
Isolation status
Isolated with the internal circuit
Number of connected units
99 (max.)
Transmission distance
1200m (max.)
Transmission speed
38400/19200/9600/4800/2400bps (selectable with setting mode)
Transmission
Format
*2 *3
*1
*4
Data length
8bit/7bit (selectable with setting mode)
Parity
Not available / Odd number / Even number (selectable with setting mode)
Stop bit
1bit (fixed)
Communication method
Half-duplex
Synchronous system
Synchronous communication method
Ending resistance
approx. 120Ω(built-in)
*1 Please check with the actual devices when some commercial devices with RS485 interface are connected. The
number of connected devices, transmission distance, and transmission speed may be different according to using
transmission line.
*2 For RS485 converter on the computer side, we recommend SI-35 and SI-35USB (from LINE EYE Co.,Ltd.).
*3 When using SI-35, SI-35USB or PLC from our company (which can be connected up to 99 units), up to 99
Eco-POWER METER can be connected. In case using this system with the other devices, up to 31 Eco-POWER
METER can be connected.
*4 With MODBUS (RTU) protocol, it works only with 8bit.
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KW1M Eco-POWER METER
8.5 Self-diagnostic function
If an error occurs, the following indication will be given.
Indicator
Meaning
Output status
Err0
CPU error
To recover
Turn the power off and then on again.
OFF
Err1
Memory error*
EEP-ROM life ended. Replace the unit.
*Includes the possibility that the EEP-ROM’s life has expired.
8.6 Power Failure Memory
Eco-POWER METER memories integral electric power and working status to internal EEP-ROM
until when power supply is off. (Power failure guarantee)
And every time to change each setting, each setting value is memorized to internal EEP-ROM at the
same time. Therefore, change setting frequently makes EEP-ROM’s life short. Avoid to usage like
this.
*Especially be careful if you set by communication.
8.7 Applicable standard
Safety standard
EMC
EN61010-1
EMI
EN61326-1
EMS
EN61326-1
Radiation interference field strength
Noise terminal voltage
Static discharge immunity
RF electromagnetic field immunity
EFT/B immunity
Surge immunity
Conductivity noise immunity
Power frequency magnetic field immunity
Voltage dip / Instantaneous stop /
Voltage fluctuation immunity
50
CISPR11 class A
CISPR11 class A
EN61000-4-2
EN61000-4-3
EN61000-4-4
EN61000-4-5
EN61000-4-6
EN61000-4-8
EN61000-4-11
KW1M Eco-POWER METER
8.8 Dedicated Current Transformer Specifications
●Clamp-on type
Model No
Primary side rated current
Secondary side rated
Current
Transform ratio
Ratio error
Hole Dia (mm)
AKW4801B
AKW4801C
5A / 50A
1.67mA /
16.7mA
3000:1
AKW4802B
AKW4802C
100A
AKW4803B
AKW4803C
250A
33.3mA
125mA
3000:1
2000:1
±2.0% F.S.
φ24
AKW4804B
AKW4804C
400A
AKW4808B
AKW4808C
600A
200mA
2000:1
3000:1
φ10
φ16
φ36
AC1000V/1min
AC2000V/1min
Breakdown voltage (initial)
(Between through hole
(Between through hole
and output lead wire)
and output lead wire)
Insulation resistance (initial) Min. 100MΩ (at DC500V) (Between through hole and output lead wire)
10 to 55Hz (1 cycle/ minute) single amplitude of 0.15mm
Functional
(10 min. on X,Y and Z axes)
Vibration
resistance
10 to 55Hz (1 cycle/ minute) single amplitude of 0.375mm
Destructive
(1 hrs. on X,Y and Z axes)
Functional Min. 98m/s2 (4 times on X,Y and Z axes)
Shock
resistance
Destructive Min. 294m/ s2 (5 times on X,Y and Z axes)
Output protection level
±7.5V with clamp element
±3.0V with clamp element
Permissible
Approx. 100 times
clamping frequency
Ambient temperature
-10 to +50℃ (without frost and non-condensing)
Storage temperature
-20 to +60℃ (without frost and non-condensing)
Ambient humidity
30 to 85%RH (at 20℃) non-condensing
Weight (with relay cable)
Approx. 60g Approx. 90g Approx. 200g Approx. 295g Approx. 450g
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KW1M Eco-POWER METER
●Through type
Model No
Primary side rated current
Secondary side rated
Current
Transform ratio
Ratio error
Hole Dia (mm)
AKW4506B
AKW4506C
50A / 100A
AKW4507B
AKW4507C
250A / 400A
AKW4508B
AKW4508C
600A
16.7mA / 33.3mA
125mA / 200mA
200mA
3000:1
2000:1
±1.0%F.S.
φ17
AC1000V/1min
3000:1
φ36
AC2000V/1min
(Between through hole
Breakdown voltage (initial)
(Between through hole and
and output lead wire)
output lead wire)
Insulation resistance (initial) Min. 100MΩ (at DC500V) (Between through hole and output lead wire)
10 to 55Hz (1 cycle/ minute) single amplitude of 0.15mm
Functional
(10 min. on X,Y and Z axes)
Vibration
resistance
10 to 55Hz (1 cycle/ minute) single amplitude of 0.375mm
Destructive
(1 hrs. on X,Y and Z axes)
2
Functional Min. 98m/s (4 times on X,Y and Z axes)
Shock
resistance
Destructive Min. 294m/ s2 (5 times on X,Y and Z axes)
Output protection level
±7.5V with clamp element
±3.0V with clamp element
Ambient temperature
-10 to +50℃ (without frost and non-condensing)
Storage temperature
-20 to +60℃ (without frost and non-condensing)
Ambient humidity
30 to 85%RH (at 20℃) non-condensing
Weight (with relay cable)
Approx. 70g
Approx. 200g
Approx. 215g
Note) Dedicated current transformers (CT) are dedicated for low voltage under 440V. They can
not be used for high voltage circuit. In case measuring high voltage circuit, make a 2-step
construction by combination of a commercial CT of secondary side current 5A for high
voltage and the dedicated CT for 5A.
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KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 9 Mounting
9.1 Dimensions
9.1.1 AKW1111/AKW1111B Main unit
9.1.2 AKW1110/AKW1110B Main unit
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KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Panel cutout
9.2 How to mount to DIN rail
(1) Hook “A” of main unit on the upper side of DIN rail.
(2) Making “A” part as a support fit the bottom side of main unit to DIN rail.
(3) It will be completely fixed to DIN rail with a “click” sound.
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KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Chapter 10 Q&A
Q1
A1
I’d like to measure by Eco-POWER METER.
Measured load is 50 to 60A in normal operation. But the inrush current is 130 to 140 A.
Which CT is selected? (100A or 250A)
Select 100ACT.
Stable current more than 1 second is necessary to measure. The inrush current seems to be a
few ms, therefore it can’t measure it. In case there is current over 1 second (inrush current), it
measures it and select 250A CT.
Q2
A2
Current and voltage are displayed. But it can’t measure an electric power.
・Do you install CT to the correct position and correct direction?
CT has directions.
Install CT according to the direction marked. From power supply side (K) to load side (L).
・Do you wire measurement voltage input correctly?
When phases of voltage and current are not matched, it can’t measure correctly.
Please check the wiring.
Q3
A3
How long do I extend CT cable?
You can extend up to about 10 m with cable of AWG#22 or more.
We can’t guarantee the specifications if you extend more than 10m.
Q4
A4
How do you guarantee the accuracy of measurement with low current range?
Up to 10% for CT rating.
In case of CT50A, for an electric power with current 5A or more, the accuracy is ±2.5%.
(For PF=1)
Q5
A5
How long do I extend pulse input cable?
You can extend up to 10m with shielded wire or a metallic electric wire tube individually.
Q6
A6
What do I use the function of primary side current of CT for?
It is assumed that the use for 2nd stage CT with combination of CT.
You set the primary side current of 1st stage CT (refer to mode1).
In order to measure a large capacity current such as 1000A, it converts to 5A (small current)
and measures the load.
Q7
A7
Are there any attachments in order to fix CT?
Sorry but there is no attachment.
Q8
Eco-POWER METER measures only voltage and current. How is it measure an electric power?
What is the reason why it can’t measure when CT is connected wrong direction?
Electric power is calculated using instantaneous voltage and instantaneous current.
When CT is connected wrong direction, it measures minus value in fact, but it displays 0kW
with Eco-POWER METER.
A8
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KW1M Eco-POWER METER
Revision History
Issue Date
Manual no.
Content of revision
January, 2010
January, 2012
ARCT1F473E
ARCT1F473E-1
July, 2013
ARCT1F473E-2
First edition
2nd edition
[Add function]
600ACT input
Add through type CT
[Improve spec.]
Improve the accuracy
[Correct error]
VT wiring
3rd edition
Company name change
June, 2016
ARCT1F473E-3
4th edition
Add note for changing CT connector
Add new model numbers
©