User Guide
Spectra Precision®
FOCUS® 6+ 5" Total Station
FOCUS 6W+ 5" Total Station
Version 1.0
Revision B
September 2014
Legal Notices
Corporate Office
expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void your authority to operate the
equipment.
Spectra Precision
10368 Westmoor Drive
Westminster, CO 80021
USA
+1-720-587-4700 Phone
888-477-7516 (Toll free in USA)
sales@spectraprecision.com
Canada
Copyright and Trademarks
© 2006-2014, Nikon-Trimble Co. Limited. All rights reserved. All
trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Spectra Precision, the Spectra Precision logo, FOCUS, and the
FOCUS logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Spectra
Precision, registered in the United States and in other countries.
The Bluetooth word mark and logos are owned by the Bluetooth
SIG, Inc. and any use of such marks by Nikon-Trimble Co. Limited is
under license.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Release Notice
This is the September 2014 release (Revision B) of the Spectra
Precision FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" Total Station User Guide.
Manufacturer
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio
noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the radio
interference regulations of the Canadian Department of
Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits
radioélectriques dépassant les limites applicables aux appareils
numériques de Classe B prescrites dans le règlement sur le
brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le Ministère des
Communications du Canada.
Europe
This product has been tested and found to comply with
the requirements for a Class B device pursuant to
European Council Directive 89/336/EEC on EMC, thereby
satisfying the requirements for CE Marking and sale within the
European Economic Area (EEA). These requirements are designed
to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference
when the equipment is operated in a residential or commercial
environment.
Nikon-Trimble Co., Ltd.
Technoport Mituiseimei Bldg.
16-2, Minamikamata 2-chome, Ota-ku
Tokyo 144-0035 Japan
Representative in Europe
Product Limited Warranty Information
Australia and New Zealand
For applicable product Limited Warranty information, please refer
to the Limited Warranty Card included with this Spectra Precision
product, or consult your Spectra Precision Authorized Distribution
Partner.
This product conforms with the regulatory requirements of
the Australian Communications Authority (ACA) EMC
framework, thus satisfying the requirements for C-Tick
Marking and sale within Australia and New Zealand.
Notices
Taiwan Battery Recycling Requirements
Class B Statement – Notice to Users. This equipment has been
tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This equipment
generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communication. However, there is
no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to
radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning
the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct
the interference by one or more of the following measures:
The product contains a removable Lithium-ion battery.
Taiwanese regulations require that waste batteries are
recycled.
Trimble GmbH
Am Prime Parc 11
65478 Raunheim, Germany
– Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
– Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
– Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from
that to which the receiver is connected.
– Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Changes and modifications not expressly approved by the
manufacturer or registrant of this equipment can void your
authority to operate this equipment under Federal
Communications Commission rules.
C
淓揹抮惪夞澗
Notice to Our European Union Customers
For product recycling instructions and more information, please
go to www.spectraprecision.com/ev.shtm.
Recycling in Europe: To recycle Spectra Precision WEEE
(Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment, products that
run on electrical power.), Call +31 497 53 24 30, and ask for
the "WEEE Associate". Or, mail a request for recycling
instructions to:
Spectra Precision Europe BV
c/o Menlo Worldwide Logistics
Meerheide 45
5521 DZ Eersel, NL
WARNING - This equipment has been certified to comply
with the limits for a Class B personal computer and
peripherals, pursuant to Subpart B of Part 15 of FCC
Rules. Only peripherals (computer input/output devices,
terminals, printers, etc.) certified to comply with the
Class B limits may be attached to this equipment.
Operation with non-certified personal computer and/or
peripherals is likely to result in interference to radio and
TV reception. The connection of a non-shielded
equipment interface cable to this equipment will
invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may
cause interference levels which exceed the limits
established by the FCC for this equipment.
You are cautioned that changes or modifications not
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
2
Declaration of Conformity
We, Spectra Precision Limited
10368 Westmoor Drive
Westminster, CO 80021
United States of America
+1-720-587-4700
declare under sole responsibility that the product:
FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station
complies with Part 15 of FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Notices for Bluetooth unit
USA
FCC Part 15 Subpart C/RSS-210, OET bulletin 65 supplement C
satisfied.
C
CAUTION - Any changes or modifications not expressly
approved by the party responsible for compliance could
void the user's authority to operate the equipment
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC
Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off
and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference
by one or more of the following measures:
– Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
– Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
– Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from
that to which the receiver is connected.
– Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Canada
RSS-210 Low Power Device
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This
device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept
any interference, including interference that may cause undesired
operation of the device.
European Union countries, Iceland, Norway,
Liechtenstein, Turkey, and Switzerland
EN300 328, EN50360 satisfied
Hereby, Nikon-Trimble Co., Ltd., declares that this instrument is in
compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant
provisions of Directive 1999/5/EC.
Declaration of Conformity available at http://www.nikontrimble.com/
RF exposure compliance
– To comply with FCC/IC RF exposure compliance requirements, a
separation distance of at least 20 cm must be maintained between
the antenna of this device and all persons.
– This transmitter must not be co-located with or operate in
conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
3
Safety
For your safety read the safety and warnings section and this manual carefully and thoroughly before
using the Spectra Precision® FOCUS® 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station.
Although Spectra Precision products are designed for maximum safety, using them incorrectly or
disregarding the instructions can cause personal injury or property damage.
You should also read the documentation for any other equipment that you use with a Spectra
Precision FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station.
Note – Always keep this user guide near the instrument for easy reference.
Warnings and Cautions
The following conventions are used to indicate safety instructions:
C
WARNING – Warnings alert you to situations that could cause death or serious injury.
C
CAUTION – Cautions alert you to situations that could cause injury or property damage.
Always read and follow the instructions carefully.
Rechargeable Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries
C
WARNING – Do not damage the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery. A damaged battery can
cause an explosion or fire, and can result in personal injury and/or property damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– Do not use or charge the battery if it appears to be damaged. Signs of damage include,
but are not limited to, discoloration, warping, and leaking battery fluid.
– Do not expose the battery to fire, high temperature, or direct sunlight.
– Do not immerse the battery in water.
– Do not use or store the battery inside a vehicle during hot weather.
– Do not drop or puncture the battery.
– Do not open the battery or short-circuit its contacts.
C
WARNING – Avoid contact with the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery if it appears to be
leaking. Battery fluid is corrosive, and contact with it can result in personal injury and/or
property damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– If the battery leaks, avoid contact with the battery fluid.
– If battery fluid gets into your eyes, immediately rinse your eyes with clean water and
seek medical attention. Do not rub your eyes!
– If battery fluid gets onto your skin or clothing, immediately use clean water to wash off
the battery fluid.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
4
Safety
C
WARNING – Charge and use the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery only in strict accordance
with the instructions. Charging or using the battery in unauthorized equipment can cause an
explosion or fire, and can result in personal injury and/or equipment damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– Do not charge or use the battery if it appears to be damaged or leaking.
– Charge the Lithium-ion battery only in a product that is specified to charge it. Be sure to
follow all instructions that are provided with the battery charger.
– Discontinue charging a battery that gives off extreme heat or a burning odor.
– Use the battery only in equipment that is specified to use it.
– Use the battery only for its intended use and according to the instructions in the product
documentation.
Warnings
Before using the instrument, read the following warnings and follow the instructions that they
provide.
C
WARNING – Never look at the sun through the telescope. If you do, you may damage or lose
your eyesight.
C
WARNING – The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station is not designed to be explosion-proof. Do
not use the instrument in coal mines, in areas contaminated with coal dust, or near other
flammable substances.
C
WARNING – Never disassemble, modify, or repair the instrument yourself. If you do, you may
receive electric shocks or burns, or the instrument may catch fire. You may also impair the
accuracy of the instrument.
C
WARNING – Use only the specified battery charger and AC adapter that are supplied with the
instrument. Do not use any other charger or adapter as this may cause the battery pack to
catch fire or rupture.
C
WARNING – Do not cover the battery charger and AC adapter while the battery pack is being
recharged. The charger must be able to dissipate heat adequately. Coverings such as blankets
or clothing can cause the charger to overheat.
C
WARNING – Avoid recharging the battery pack in humid or dusty places, in direct sunlight, or
near heat sources. Do not recharge the battery pack when it is wet. If you do, you may receive
electric shocks or burns, or the battery pack may overheat or catch fire.
C
WARNING – Although the battery pack has an auto-reset circuit breaker, you should take care
not to short circuit the contacts. Short circuits can cause the battery pack to catch fire or burn
you.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
5
Safety
C
WARNING – Never burn or heat the battery. Doing so may cause the battery to leak or
rupture. A leaking or ruptured battery can cause serious injury.
C
WARNING – Before storing the battery pack or battery charger, cover the contact points with
insulation tape. If you do not cover the contact points, the battery pack or charger may short
circuit, causing fire, burns, or damage to the instrument.
C
WARNING – The battery is not waterproof on its own. Do not get the battery wet when it is
removed from the instrument. If water seeps into the battery, it may cause a fire or burns.
Cautions
Before using the instrument, read the following cautions and follow the instructions that they
provide:
C
CAUTION – Use of controls, adjustments, or performance of procedures other than those
specified herein may result in hazardous radiation exposure.
C
CAUTION – The tips of the tripod ferrules are very sharp. When handling or carrying the
tripod, take care to avoid injuring yourself on the ferrules.
C
CAUTION – Before carrying the tripod or the instrument in the carry case, check the shoulder
strap and its clasp. If the strap is damaged or the clasp is not securely fastened, the carry case
may fall, causing personal injury or instrument damage. The shoulder strap is available as an
optional extra.
C
CAUTION – Before setting up the tripod, make sure that no-one’s hands or feet are
underneath it. When the legs of the tripod are being driven into the ground, they could pierce
hands or feet.
C
CAUTION – After mounting the instrument on the tripod, securely fasten the thumb screws on
the tripod legs. If the thumb screws are not securely fastened, the tripod may collapse, causing
personal injury or instrument damage.
C
CAUTION – After mounting the instrument on the tripod, securely fasten the clamp screw on
the tripod. If the clamp screw is not securely fastened, the instrument may fall off the tripod,
causing personal injury or instrument damage.
C
CAUTION – Securely fasten the tribrach clamp knob. If the knob is not securely fastened, the
tribrach may come loose or fall off when you lift the instrument, causing personal injury or
instrument damage.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
6
Safety
C
CAUTION – Do not stack objects on the plastic carry case, or use it as a stool. The plastic carry
case is unstable and its surface is slippery. Stacking objects on the plastic carry case, or sitting
on it may cause personal injury or instrument damage.
C
CAUTION – The system in the instrument may stop functioning in order to avoid any errors in
measurements when the instrument detects strong electromagnetic wave(s). If this happens,
turn off the instrument and remove the source of the electromagnetic wave(s). Then turn on
the instrument to resume the work.
C
CAUTION – When rotating the telescope, take care not to catch your finger in the gap between
the instrument’s standard and the telescope.
Laser safety
The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station is a Class 2 laser instrument, in accordance with IEC60825-1,
Am2 (2001): Safety of Laser Products.
To counteract hazards, it is essential for all users to pay careful attention to the safety precautions
and control measures specified in the standard IEC60825-1, (2001-08), particularly EN60825-1:1994,
A11:1996, and A2:2001, as this refers to the hazard distance that is defined in this User Guide.
Note – The hazard distance is the distance from the laser at which beam irradiance or radiant
exposure equals the maximum permissible value to which personnel may be exposed without being
exposed to health risks.
C
WARNING – Only qualified and trained persons should be assigned to install, adjust, and
operate the laser equipment.
C
WARNING – Precautions should be taken to ensure that persons do not look directly, with or
without an optical instrument, into the beam.
C
WARNING – Wherever practicable, the laser beam path should be located well above or below
eye level.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
7
Safety
Specifications for laser emission
Laser pointer
Wave length
630-680 nm
Output power
CW: Po ≤ 1.0 mW
Distance meter
Wave length
850-890 nm
Output power
Pulse: Po ≤ 6.4 mW
Pulse width
< 5 ns
Laser plummet (option)
Wave length
635 nm
Output power
CW: Po < 1.0 mW
Conforming standards
EU
EN60825-1/Am.2: 2001 (IEC60825-1/Am.2: 2001)
Laser pointer: Class 2
Distance meter: Class 1
Laser plummet: Class 2 (Option)
USA
FDA21CFR Part 1040 Sec.1040.10 and 1040.11
Except for deviations pursuant to Laser Notice No.50, dated June 24, 2007.
Labels
Laser Radiation
Do not stare into beam
Class 2 Laser Product
PoɃ1mW CW Ё= 630 - 690nm
IEC60825 - 1:2001
Laser pointer
LASER RADIATION
DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM
CLASS 2 LASER PRODUCT
Po<1.0mW
CW Ё= 635nm
IEC 60825- 1 ,2001
Laser plummet (option)
Complies with 21 CFR 1040 . 10 and 1040 . 11
except for deviations pursuant to
Laser Notice No . 50 , dated June 24 , 2007
MADE IN JAPAN
NIKON-TRIMBLE CO.,LTD.
Technoport Mitsuiseimei Bldg.
16-2,Minamikamata 2-chome,
Ota-ku, Tokyo 144-0035 Japan
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
8
Contents
Legal Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Warnings and Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rechargeable Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries .
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Laser safety. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifications for laser emission . . . . . . .
Conforming standards . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
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4
4
5
6
7
8
8
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.15
.16
.16
.16
.17
.17
.18
.18
Setting up the Instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Unpacking and repacking the instrument . . . . . . . . . .
Charging the battery pack. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Applying power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Charging the battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conditioning / calibrating a battery . . . . . . . . . . .
Detaching the battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attaching the battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting up the tripod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Centering the instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Centering with the optical plummet . . . . . . . . . . .
Centering with the laser plummet . . . . . . . . . . . .
Centering with a plumb bob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leveling the instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Focusing the telescope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the measurement mode and preparing the target .
Measurement with a prism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measurement in reflectorless (N-Prism) mode . . . . .
Preparing the reflector sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting up the prism reflector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting the height of the tribrach adapter . . . . . .
Changing the direction of the prism . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the prism constant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the position of the target plate . . . . . . . . .
Face 1 / Face 2 measurement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
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Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
System diagram . . . . . . . .
Care and maintenance . . . .
Environmental conditions .
Storage . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting and tightening .
Related information . . . . . .
User feedback . . . . . . . . .
2
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.20
.20
.22
.22
.23
.23
.24
.24
.25
.25
.26
.26
. 27
.28
.28
.29
.30
.31
.32
.33
.33
.33
.34
.34
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Parts of the instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
9
Instrument keyboard and display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Status bar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LCD backlight, laser pointer, beep sound, and contrast adjustment.
[DSP] button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[MODE] button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quick code measurement mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[COD] button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[HOT] key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bubble indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Laser plummet (option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[[USR] buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[DAT] button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turning on the instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turning off the instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sleep mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Regional configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
List available jobs or data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entering data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entering a point name or number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entering a code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advanced feature: Searching for a code using the first character .
Entering values in feet and inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating or opening a job . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a new job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a control job . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring distances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sighting a prism reflector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Taking a distance measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing and changing the measurement settings . . . . . . . . . .
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.38
.38
.40
.42
.43
.45
.45
.46
. 47
.49
.49
.50
.51
.52
.52
.52
.53
.54
.54
.55
.58
.59
.59
.60
.60
.61
.61
.62
.62
.63
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
HA reset and angle operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the horizontal angle to 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entering the horizontal angle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recording a foresight point after repeat angle measurement . . . . .
Horizontal angle hold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Station setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting up a station with known coordinates or azimuth. . . . . . . .
Advanced feature: Measuring F1 and F2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting up a station using multiple point resection . . . . . . . . . . .
Advanced feature: Viewing and deleting a measurement in resection
Setting up the station quickly without coordinates . . . . . . . . . . .
Determining station elevation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking and resetting the backsight direction . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Two-point resection along a known line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stakeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifying the stakeout point by angle and distance . . . . . . . . . .
Specifying the stakeout point by coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advanced feature: Specifying a stakeout list by range input . . . . .
DivLine S-O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RefLine S-O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Program Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring distance and offset values along a specified line . . . . . .
Measuring distance and offset values on the arc-curve . . . . . . . .
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SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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.66
.66
.66
.66
. 67
.68
. 68
.70
.71
.73
. 74
.75
.75
.77
.79
.79
.81
.82
.83
.84
.85
.85
. 87
10
Remote distance measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring remote elevation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring distance and offset values on the vertical plane .
Measuring distance and offset values on the slope. . . . . .
Recording Measurement Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recording data from any observation screen . . . . . . . . .
Outputting data to the COM port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring Offsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring taped offsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring angle offsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Two-prism pole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Extending a line by horizontal angle offset . . . . . . . . . .
Entering a horizontal distance after an angle-only shot . . .
Calculating a corner point. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measuring circle offsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Extending the slope distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
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. .89
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. . 97
. . 97
. .98
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. 100
. 101
. 102
. 103
Menu Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Job Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Opening an existing job . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a new job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting a job . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the control job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displaying job Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Importing a job. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exporting a job . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cogo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Calculating angle and distance between two coordinates .
Calculating and manually inputting coordinates . . . . . .
Calculating area and perimeter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advanced feature: Entering a range of points . . . . . . .
Calculating coordinates from line and offset . . . . . . . .
Calculating coordinates using intersection functions . . . .
Advanced feature: Entering angle and distance offsets . .
Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Angle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coordinate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power saving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stakeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recording. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Others settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Editing records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Searching records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entering coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Point name list and code list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Downloading data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Uploading coordinate data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
. 105
. 105
. 105
. 106
. 107
. 107
. 108
. 109
. 109
. 110
. 110
. 112
. 114
. 115
. 116
. 117
. 121
. 121
. 122
. 122
. 125
. 125
. 125
. 125
. 126
. 126
. 127
. 129
. 129
. 132
. 134
. 136
. 138
. 138
. 142
. 142
. 143
11
Advanced feature: Editing the data order for upload . . .
Uploading a point name list or code list . . . . . . . . . . .
1sec-Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[MSR] key settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[DSP] key settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[USR] key settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[S-O] key settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[DAT] key settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removable memory (USB memory) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Displaying the external memory files . . . . . . . . . . . .
Renaming a job or file on the removable memory . . . . .
Deleting a job of file from the removable memory . . . . .
Copying a job from the removable device . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the list view of files on the removable memory .
6
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. 144
. 145
. 145
. 145
. 146
. 146
. 147
. 147
. 147
. 148
. 148
. 149
. 149
. 150
. 150
. 151
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. 153
. 153
. 153
. 154
. 154
. 155
. 156
. 157
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
Main Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Telescope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measurement range . . . . . . . . . . .
Distance precision . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measurement intervals . . . . . . . . .
Angle measurement . . . . . . . . . . .
Tilt sensor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tangent screw . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tribrach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optical plummet . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optional laser plummet . . . . . . . . .
Display and keypad . . . . . . . . . . .
Connections in the base of instrument
Battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental performance . . . . . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental protection. . . . . . . .
Standard components . . . . . . . . . . . .
External device connector . . . . . . . . .
8
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Checking and Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152
Adjusting the electronic level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking and adjusting the circular level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking and adjusting the optical/laser plummet . . . . . . . . . .
Zero point errors of vertical scale and horizontal angle corrections.
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the Instrument Constant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking the laser pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
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. 159
. 159
. 159
. 160
. 160
. 161
. 161
. 161
. 161
. 161
. 161
. 162
. 162
. 162
. 162
. 163
. 163
. 163
. 163
. 164
. 164
System Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
9
Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169
Uploading Coordinate Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
12
Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Record format . . . . . . . . . . .
Uploading Point Lists and Code Lists .
Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
File format . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data example. . . . . . . . . . . .
Downloading Data . . . . . . . . . . .
Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nikon raw record formats . . . . .
SDR2x and SDR33 record formats
Data examples . . . . . . . . . . .
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. 170
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. 181
10 Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
Cogo . . . . . . .
Communications .
Data . . . . . . . .
Job Manager . . .
Programs . . . . .
Recording Data. .
Searching . . . . .
Settings . . . . . .
Stakeout . . . . .
Station Setup . . .
System Error . . .
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SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
. 185
. 185
. 186
. 186
. 187
. 187
. 188
. 189
. 189
. 190
. 190
13
CHAPTER
1
Introduction
1
In this chapter:

System diagram

Care and maintenance

Related information
This user guide describes the unique capabilities
and features available in the Spectra Precision®
FOCUS® 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station.
The software for the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total
station makes it easy for you to learn to operate
one model of instrument and, with little
additional training, to apply that knowledge to
other models.
The FOCUS 6W+ 5" total station is based on the
FOCUS 6+ 5" total station and is specially
designed for use in low temperature conditions.
When it is in used under these extreme low
temperature conditions, the display is heated.
The heater switches on automatically at
temperatures around –15 °C. When you use the
FOCUS 6W+ 5" total station in these conditions,
Spectra Precision highly recommends the use of
the external battery pack, PC-1207
(manufacture tested). The continuous operation
time of the PC-1207 is about 9 hours for angle /
distance measurement at –30 °C.
Before using the instrument, read this user
guide carefully. In particular, pay attention to
the warnings and cautions that appear in the
Safety section, see Safety, page 4.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
14
1 – Introduction
System diagram
The system diagram shows the hardware that is used with the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station.
Tubular
compass
Tubular compass
attachment
Battery charger
AC adapter and
plug adapter
FOCUS 6+ 5” series
Solar filter
USB memory stick
USB cable (standard
commercia cable)
Diagonal eyepiece
Connecting cable
(9 pin, USB)
Low-power
eyepiece
Personal computer
High-power
eyepiece
Personal computer
Note – You must use the Spectra Precision FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station with tribrach W30 or
W30b.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
15
1 – Introduction
Care and maintenance
Before using the instrument, read and follow the following maintenance instructions.
The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station is a precision instrument that you should store, use, and
clean in an appropriate way.
C
CAUTION – The battery pack contains a Lithium-ion battery. When disposing of the battery
pack, follow the laws or rules of your municipal waste system. For more information on the
safety warnings associated with the Lithium-ion battery, see Rechargeable Lithium-ion (Li-ion)
batteries, page 4.
C
CAUTION – Store the battery pack with the battery pack discharged.
Environmental conditions
•
Do not leave the instrument in direct sunlight or in a closed vehicle for prolonged periods.
Overheating the instrument may reduce its efficiency.
•
If the total station has been used in wet conditions, immediately wipe off any moisture and dry
the instrument completely before returning it to the carry case. The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total
station contains sensitive electronic assemblies which have been well protected against dust and
moisture. However, if dust or moisture gets into it, severe damage could result.
•
Sudden changes in temperature may cloud the lenses and drastically reduce the measurable
distance, or cause an electrical system failure. If there has been a sudden change in temperature,
leave the instrument in a closed carry case in a warm location until the temperature of the
instrument returns to room temperature.
Storage
•
Do not store the total station in hot or humid locations. In particular, you must store the battery
pack in a dry location at a temperature of less than 30 °C (86 °F). High temperature or excessive
humidity can cause mold to grow on the lenses. It can also cause the electronic assemblies to
deteriorate, and so lead to instrument failure.
•
Store the battery pack with the battery discharged.
•
When storing the instrument in areas subject to extremely low temperatures, leave the carry case
open.
•
If the tribrach will not be used for an extended period, lock down the tribrach clamp knob and
tighten its safety screw.
•
The carry case is designed to be watertight, but you should not leave it exposed to rain for an
extended period. If exposure to rain is unavoidable, make sure that the carry case is placed with
the Spectra Precision nameplate facing upward.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
16
1 – Introduction
Cleaning
•
Do not use organic solvents such as ether or print thinner to clean the non-metallic parts of the
instrument, such as the keyboard, or the painted or printed surfaces. Doing so could result in
discoloration of the surface or in peeling of printed characters. Clean these parts only with a soft
cloth or tissue that is lightly moistened with water or a mild detergent.
•
To clean the optical lenses, lightly wipe them with a soft cloth or a lens tissue that is moistened
with alcohol.
Adjusting and tightening
•
When adjusting the leveling screws, stay as close as possible to the center of each screw’s range.
The center is indicated by a line on the screw.
•
The reticle plate cover has been correctly mounted. Do not release it or subject it to excessive
force, for example in an attempt to make it watertight.
Reticle plate cover
•
Before attaching the battery pack, make sure that the contact surfaces on the battery and FOCUS
6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station are clean.
•
Securely press the cap that covers the data output/external power input connector terminal. The
instrument is only watertight if the cap is attached securely or when the data output/external
power input connector is used.
•
The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station is not watertight when the data output/external power
input connector is used.
•
Static electricity from the human body, discharged through the data output/external power input
connector, can damage the instrument. Before handling the instrument, touch any other
conductive material once in order to remove static electricity.
•
Be careful not to pinch your finger between the telescope and trunnion of the instrument.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
17
1 – Introduction
Related information
•
Contact your local Spectra Precision dealer for more information about the support agreement
contracts for software and firmware, and an extended warranty program for hardware.
•
Consider a Spectra Precision training course to help you use your total station to its fullest
potential. For more information, go to the Spectra Precision website at
www.spectraprecision.com.
Alternatively, send an email to support@spectraprecision.com.
User feedback
Your comments and suggestions about the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station are welcome. Please
contact us at the address given in the front of this manual.
In addition, your feedback about the supporting documentation helps us to improve it with each
revision. Email your comments to sales@spectraprecision.com.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
18
CHAPTER
2
Setting up the Instrument
2
In this chapter:

Unpacking and repacking the instrument

Charging the battery pack

Detaching the battery pack

Attaching the battery pack

Setting up the tripod

Centering the instrument

Leveling the instrument

Focusing the telescope

Setting the measurement mode and
preparing the target

Preparing the reflector sheet

Setting up the prism reflector
This chapter explains how to prepare the
FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station before you
use it in the field.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
19
2 – Setting up the Instrument
Unpacking and repacking the instrument
Note – Handle the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station carefully to protect it from shocks and
excessive vibration.
To unpack the instrument, grip the carry handle and carefully
remove the instrument from the carry case.
To replace the instrument in the carry case, place it as shown in the
figure.
Charging the battery pack
Before charging the battery pack, read the following warnings, cautions, and notes.
C
WARNING – Do not damage the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery. A damaged battery can
cause an explosion or fire, and can result in personal injury and/or property damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– Do not use or charge the battery if it appears to be damaged. Signs of damage include,
but are not limited to, discoloration, warping, and leaking battery fluid.
– Do not expose the battery to fire, high temperature, or direct sunlight.
– Do not immerse the battery in water.
– Do not use or store the battery inside a vehicle during hot weather.
– Do not drop or puncture the battery.
– Do not open the battery or short-circuit its contacts.
C
WARNING – Avoid contact with the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery if it appears to be
leaking. Battery fluid is corrosive, and contact with it can result in personal injury and/or
property damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– If the battery leaks, avoid contact with the battery fluid.
– If battery fluid gets into your eyes, immediately rinse your eyes with clean water and
seek medical attention. Do not rub your eyes!
– If battery fluid gets onto your skin or clothing, immediately use clean water to wash off
the battery fluid.
C
WARNING – Charge and use the rechargeable Lithium-ion battery only in strict accordance
with the instructions. Charging or using the battery in unauthorized equipment can cause an
explosion or fire, and can result in personal injury and/or equipment damage.
To prevent injury or damage:
– Do not charge or use the battery if it appears to be damaged or leaking.
– Charge the Lithium-ion battery only in a product that is specified to charge it. Be sure to
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
20
2 – Setting up the Instrument
follow all instructions that are provided with the battery charger.
– Discontinue charging a battery that gives off extreme heat or a burning odor.
– Use the battery only in equipment that is specified to use it.
– Use the battery only for its intended use and according to the instructions in the product
documentation.
C
WARNING – To charge the battery pack, use only the battery charger and AC adapter that are
supplied with the instrument. Do not use any other charger or you may cause the battery pack
to catch fire or rupture. The enclosed battery pack cannot be used with other chargers.
C
WARNING – Do not cover the battery charger and AC adapter while the battery pack is being
recharged. The charger must be able to dissipate heat adequately. Coverings such as blankets
or clothing can cause the charger to overheat.
C
WARNING – Avoid recharging the battery pack in humid or dusty places, in direct sunlight, or
near heat sources. Do not recharge the battery pack when it is wet. If you do, you may receive
electric shocks or burns, or the battery pack may overheat or catch fire.
C
WARNING – Although the battery pack has an auto-reset circuit breaker, you should take care
not to short circuit the contacts. Short circuits can cause the battery pack to catch fire or burn
you.
C
WARNING – Never burn or heat the battery. Doing so may cause the battery to leak or
rupture. A leaking or ruptured battery can cause serious injury.
C
WARNING – Before storing the battery pack or battery charger, cover the contact points with
insulation tape. If you do not cover the contact points, the battery pack or charger may short
circuit, causing fire, burns, or damage to the instrument.
C
WARNING – The battery is not waterproof on its own. Do not get the battery wet when it is
removed from the instrument. If water seeps into the battery, it may cause a fire or burns.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
21
2 – Setting up the Instrument
Calibration button
“Calibration on”
light (1)
Power jack
Top edge of case
Charge light (2)
Charge light (1)
“Calibration on”
light (2)
5 V, 4 A
Battery slot 1
Battery slot 2
Applying power
Plug in the charger to the supplied AC adapter to turn the unit on. The power input must be 5 V with
at least 4 A of current capability. Each battery may take up to 2 A while charging.
Charging the battery
•
Simply slide a battery into either battery slot to begin charging. The adjacent charge indicator will
illuminate yellow when charging is in progress. The charge indicator will change to green when
charging is complete.
•
Charger slots are completely independent so a battery may be inserted regardless of the state of
the other battery slot.
•
Charging may take 2-4 hours if the battery was normally discharged.
•
Charging may take up to 5 hours with a completely drained battery which has been stored for
several months without use.
•
By design, Li-Ion batteries should not be charged above 40 °C – 45 °C so a blinking charge light
may mean the batteries are too hot for charging. Charging will resume after the batteries cool
down. The charging time will be longer due to the batteries cool down when charging batteries
above 40 °C – 45 °C.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
22
2 – Setting up the Instrument
•
If the charge indicator(s) are blinking and the batteries feel cool, it may indicate a problem with
the battery or the charger. If the charge light is still blinking after trying several batteries which
are not warm, there is a problem with the unit or the batteries themselves.
Conditioning / calibrating a battery
•
Battery calibration is necessary about once every 6 months or more often if you want. Calibration
insures the reported battery charge remaining is accurate.
•
Hold down the calibration button on the unit and then insert a battery while holding the
calibration button to begin a battery calibration. Only the battery which was inserted while the
button was depressed will begin calibration. During a battery calibration the battery will be
charged, discharged completely, and then recharged before finishing. Calibration should
complete in roughly 17 hours and the charger vents should not be covered during a calibration
cycle.
•
The blue calibration indicator light(s) will blink slowly (on 1.5 sec, off 2 sec) while a calibration is
in progress and the charge light(s) may be on or off during the calibration cycle.
•
When a calibration cycle is completed, the calibration light will stop blinking remain on until the
corresponding battery is removed.
•
The bottom case temperature may continue to climb up to approximately 43°C before
temperature regulation is enabled to keep the case from getting warmer. As the battery voltage
drops, the case will cool down and the automatic temperature limiting will no longer be
necessary which minimizes the time it takes to discharge a battery.
•
If the case temperature continues to get too hot internally even after temperature regulation is
enabled, there is a secondary failsafe which will abort the calibration completely. If an abort
occurs, the calibration light(s) will blink rapidly and battery charging will be re-enabled.
Detaching the battery pack
C
CAUTION – Avoid touching the contacts on the battery pack.
1. If the instrument is turned on, press [PWR] to turn it off.
2. Turn the battery box release knob counterclockwise, open the battery box cover and then pull
the battery pack out of the battery box.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
23
2 – Setting up the Instrument
Attaching the battery pack
1. Clear any dust or other foreign particles from the battery contacts.
2. Turn the battery box release knob counterclockwise and then
open the battery box cover.
3. Put the battery pack into the battery box. Connect the battery
pack at the bottom with the connecting direction faced inside.
4. Close the battery box cover and then turn the knob clockwise
until you hear a click sound.
C
CAUTION – If the battery pack cover is not closed, this could
adversely affect the watertightness of the instrument.
Setting up the tripod
C
CAUTION – The tips of the tripod ferrules are very sharp. When handling or carrying the
tripod, take care to avoid injuring yourself on the ferrules.
Note – Do not carry the instrument while it is attached to a tripod.
1. Open the tripod legs far enough for the instrument to be stable.
2. Locate the tripod directly over the station point. To check the position of the tripod, look through
the center hole in the tripod head.
3. Firmly press the tripod ferrules into the ground.
4. Level the top surface of the tripod head.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
24
2 – Setting up the Instrument
5. Securely fasten the thumb screws on the tripod legs.
6. Place the instrument on the tripod head.
7. Insert the tripod mounting screw into the center hole of the base plate of the instrument.
8. Tighten the tripod mounting screw.
Centering the instrument
When you center the instrument, you align its central axis precisely over the station point. To center
the instrument, you can use the optical plummet, the laser plummet, or a plumb bob. The plumb
bob is sold separately.
Centering with the optical plummet
Note – For high accuracy, check and adjust the optical plummet before you center the instrument.
1. Set up the instrument on the tripod. See above.
2. Look through the optical plummet and align the reticle with the station
point. To do this, turn the leveling screws until the center mark of the
reticle is directly over the image of the station point.
3. While supporting the tripod head with one hand, loosen the tripod leg
clamps and adjust the lengths of the legs until the air bubble is in the
center of the circular level.
4. Tighten the tripod leg clamps.
5. Use the electronic level to level the instrument. See also Leveling the instrument, page 27.
6. Look through the optical plummet to make sure that the image of the station point is still in the
center of the reticle mark.
7. If the station point is off-center, do one of the following:
–
If the station point is slightly off-center, loosen the tripod mounting screw and then center
the instrument on the tripod. Use only direct movement to center the instrument. Do not
rotate it.
When the instrument is centered, tighten the mounting screw.
–
If there is major displacement of the station point, repeat this procedure starting with Step 2.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
25
2 – Setting up the Instrument
Centering with the laser plummet
C
CAUTION – Do not look at the laser directly.
Note – For high accuracy, check and adjust the laser plummet before you center the instrument.
1. Set up the instrument on the tripod. See page 24.
2. Turn on the laser plummet.
3. Align the laser pointer to the station point. To do this, turn the leveling screws until the laser
pointer is over the station point.
4. While supporting the tripod head with one hand, loosen the tripod leg clamps and adjust the
lengths or the legs until the air bubble is the center of the circular level.
5. Tighten the tripod leg clamps.
6. Use the electronic level to level the instrument. See Leveling the instrument, page 27.
7. Check that the laser pointer is over the station point.
8. If the station point is off-center, do one of the following:
–
If the station point is slightly off-center, loosen the tripod mounting screw and then center
the instrument on the tripod. Use only direct movement to center the instrument. Do not
rotate it.
When the instrument is centered, tighten the mounting screw.
–
If there is major displacement of the station point, repeat this procedure starting with Step 2.
Centering with a plumb bob
1. Set up the instrument on the tripod. See page 24.
2. Hang the plumb line on the hook of the tripod mounting screw.
3. Adjust the length of the plumb line so that the tip of the plumb bob is at the height of the station
point.
4. Loosen the tripod mounting screw slightly.
5. Using both hands to support the outer side of the tribrach, carefully slide the instrument about
on the tripod head until the tip of the plumb bob is positioned over the exact center of the
station point.
Note – To confirm that the instrument is precisely aligned, check its position from two directions at
right-angles to each other.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
26
2 – Setting up the Instrument
Leveling the instrument
When you level the instrument, use the electronic level to you make the vertical axis of the
instrument exactly vertical. During leveling, always set the instrument in the Face 1 direction. See
Figure 3.1, page 37.
To level the instrument:
1. Move the bubble into the circle on the circular level and
then turn on the power.
2. Rotate the alidade until the bottom edge of the keyboard
panel is parallel to the two of the leveling screws (B and C).
A
A
3. Use leveling screws B and C to move the bubble into the
center of the electronic level.
B
B
4. Rotate the alidade approximately 90°.
CC
Bottom edge
of the keyboard
panel
1
5. Use leveling screw A to move the bubble into the center of
the electronic level.
6. Repeat Step 1 through Step 5 to center the bubble in both
positions.
A
7. Rotate the alidade 180°.
8. If the bubble in the electronic level remains centered, the
instrument is level. If the bubble moves off center, adjust
the electronic level. For detailed instructions, see Adjusting
the electronic level, page 153.
B
2
C
Bottom edge
of the keyboard
panel
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
27
2 – Setting up the Instrument
Focusing the telescope
C
WARNING – Never look at the sun through the telescope. If you do, you may damage or lose
your eyesight.
When you sight the instrument, you aim the telescope at the target,
bring the target image into focus, and align the image with the center
cross-hairs of the reticle.
Center
crosshairs
To sight the instrument:
1. Adjust the diopter:
a. Aim the telescope at a blank area, such as the sky or a piece of
paper.
b. Looking through the eyepiece, rotate the diopter ring until the
reticle cross-hairs are in sharp focus.
2. Eliminate parallax:
Diopter ring Telescope
focusing ring
a. Aim the telescope at the target image.
b. Rotate the focusing ring until the target image is in sharp focus on the reticle cross-hairs.
c. Move your eye vertically and laterally to check whether the target image moves relative to
the reticle cross-hairs.
–
If the target image does not move, there is no parallax.
–
If the target image does move, rotate the telescope focusing ring and repeat Step 2c.
3. Rotate the tangent screw. The final turn of the tangent screw should be in a clockwise direction,
to align the target accurately on the center cross-hairs.
Setting the measurement mode and
preparing the target
The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station has two measurement modes: Prism mode (Prism) and
Reflectorless mode (N-Prism). To change the mode at any time from any observation screen, hold
down [MSR1] or [MSR2].
Set the measurement mode depending on the target that you want to measure, as shown here.
Target
Target settings
Prism, reflector sheet
Prism mode (Prism)
Other, reflective materials
Reflectorless mode (N-Prism)
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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2 – Setting up the Instrument
In some cases, you can measure to another target that is not appropriate to the set measurement
mode.
Note – The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station is Laser Class 1 in the measurement function, and
Laser Class 2 in the Laser Pointer function. Do not sight the prism when the Laser Pointer is on.
Measurement with a prism
As the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station is extremely sensitive, multiple reflections on the prism
surface can sometimes cause a significant loss in accuracy.
To maintain the accuracy of your measurements:
•
Use a prism with thin edges.
Thin edges
Do not use a prism with scratches, a dirty surface, a chipped center, or thick edges.
Chipped center
•
When measuring a short distance, incline the prism slightly so that the EDM can ignore
unnecessary reflections on the prism surface, as shown below.
?
•
Thick edges
Not completely square to
the sighting axis
?
Completely square to
the sighting axis
Hold the prism securely in place and do not move while taking measurements.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
29
2 – Setting up the Instrument
Note – In Prism mode, to avoid false measurements on objects other than the prism or reflectorsheet, targets that are less reflective than the prism or reflector sheet are not measured. Even if you
start a measurement, measured values are not displayed. To measure less reflective objects, use the
N-Prism (Reflectorless) mode.
Measurement in reflectorless (N-Prism) mode
The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station enables reflectorless measurements up to 300 m (984 feet).
The intensity of the reflection from the target determines the distance the FOCUS 6+ 5’’ total station
can measure in this mode. The color and condition of the target surface also affect the measurable
distance, even if the targeted objects are the same. Some less-reflective targets may not be
measured.
The following table describes some examples of targets and approximate measuring distances:
Target
You can measure approximately...
Traffic signs, reflectors
500 meters (1640 feet)
Paper (white), veneer (new)
300 meters (990 feet)
Wall (brightly painted), brick
100 to 200 meters (330 to 660 feet)
Measurable distances may be shorter or measurement intervals may be longer if either of the
following conditions apply:
•
the angle of the laser against the target is small
•
the surface of the target is wet
In direct sunlight, the measurable distance may be shorter. In this case, try to throw a shadow on the
target.
Targets with completely flat surfaces, such as mirrors, cannot be measured unless the beam and the
target are perpendicular to each other.
Make sure there are no obstacles between the instrument and the target when taking
measurements. When you need to take measurements across a road or a place where vehicles or
other objects are frequently moving, take several measurements to a target for the best result.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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2 – Setting up the Instrument
Preparing the reflector sheet
The reflector sheet can be used for measurements in Prism mode. Assemble the reflector sheet as
shown below.
Reflector
sheet
Mini prism
adapter
Telescopic
prism pole
Prism pole
tripod type PPS
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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2 – Setting up the Instrument
Setting up the prism reflector
1. Assemble the prism reflector as shown below:
Target plate for single prism
Target pole
Height adjustment adapter
is not used.
Tribrach
adapter 15
Prism C
Tribrach
W30/W30b
Tiltable single
prism holder
Triple prism holder
Tripod
2. Adjust the height of the tribrach adaptor (see page 33).
3. If necessary, change the direction of the prism (see page 33).
4. Set the prism constant (see page 33).
5. If you are using a single prism holder, set the position of the target plate (see page 34).
Detailed instructions for Step 2 through Step 5 are provided on the following pages.
Note – Use the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station with the W30 or W30b tribrach.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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2 – Setting up the Instrument
Adjusting the height of the tribrach adapter
The tribrach adapter has a height adjustment adapter. To use the prism reflector with a FOCUS 6+ 5"
/FOCUS 6+ 5" W instrument, remove the height adjustment adapter as shown in the following
figure.
The height adjustment adapter will be used with other Spectra Precision total stations:
Height adjustment chapter
Height adjustment adapter clamp screw
Changing the direction of the prism
The prism mounted on the tribrach adapter can be rotated to face in any direction.
To change the direction of the prism:
1. Release the rotation clamp. To do this, turn the clamp lever
counterclockwise.
2. Turn the upper plate of the tribrach adapter until the prism is
facing in the required direction.
3. Fasten the rotation clamp. To do this, turn the clamp lever
clockwise.
Clamp
Clamp lever
Unclamp
Setting the prism constant
1. Attach the prism to the single prism holder or triple prism holder.
B
Tip – To use a triple prism holder as a single prism holder, attach the prism to the center thread
of the prism holder.
2. Set the prism constant. To do this, hold down [MSR1] or [MSR2] for
one second.
Note – The prism constant of a Nikon prism is always 0, whether it is
attached to a single prism holder or a triple prism holder. If your prism
constant is not 0 mm, then directly enter the prism constant value in
the Const field. For example, if your prism constant is 30 mm, enter
30mm in the Const field on the instrument.
B
Tip – When you use the prism at a short distance, set the prism at a slight angle to the sighting
axis, rather than completely square.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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2 – Setting up the Instrument
Setting the position of the target plate
If using a single prism, make sure that the target plate is aligned with the tribrach adapter and the
prism.
To set the position of the target plate:
1. Use the two set screws supplied to attach the target plate to
the single prism holder.
Center on axis
2. Move the target plate within the screw holes until the apex of
the wedge pattern is aligned with the vertical axis of the prism
and the tribrach adapter.
Face 1 / Face 2 measurement
C
CAUTION – When rotating the telescope, take care not to catch your finger in the gap between
the instrument’s standard and the telescope.
You can take a measurement from either face of the instrument. To change the face, rotate the
instrument 180° within the standard.
By averaging the Face 1 and Face 2 measurement values, you can cancel out most constant
mechanical errors. Some errors, such as vertical axis error, cannot be cancelled out by averaging Face
1 and Face 2 measurements.
•
A Face 1 measurement is made with the vertical circle positioned to the left of the telescope
eyepiece.
•
A Face 2 measurement is made with the vertical circle positioned to the right of the telescope
eyepiece.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
34
CHAPTER
3
Getting Started
3
In this chapter:

Parts of the instrument

Instrument keyboard and display

Turning on the instrument

Turning off the instrument

Regional configuration

List available jobs or data

Entering data

Creating or opening a job

Measuring distances
After you set up the instrument, see page 19,
you can start using the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5"
total station.
This chapter describes the basic features of the
instrument, how to turn it on, change the
instrument settings, and start a job.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
35
3 – Getting Started
Parts of the instrument
Figure 3.1 and Figure 3.2 show the main parts of the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station.
Carrying
handle
Optical sight
(finder)
Telescope
focusing ring
Telescope
eyepiece
Diopter ring
Horizontal axis
indication mark
Reticle plate cover
USB port
Vertical tangent
screw
Battery box
Battery box
release knob
Face 1 display and
keyboard
Horizontal
tangent screw
The label shown below is
attached to the underside
of the keyboard.
The laser safety label shown
below is attached to the
underside of the keyboard.
Complies with 21 CFR 1040 . 10 and 1040 . 11
except for deviations pursuant to
Laser Notice No . 50 , dated June 24 , 2007
MADE IN JAPAN
NIKON-TRIMBLE CO.,LTD.
Technoport Mitsuiseimei Bldg.
16-2,Minamikamata 2-chome,
Ota-ku, Tokyo 144-0035 Japan
Tribrach clamp knob
Figure 3.1
Back view of the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station (Face 1)
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
36
3 – Getting Started
The laser safety label shown below
is attached to the side
of the telescope.
The laser safety label
shown below is
attached to the
telescope.
Laser Radiation
Do not stare into beam
Class 2 Laser Product
PoɃ1mW CW Ё=630-690nm
IEC60825-1:2001
Objective
LASER LIGHT IS
EMITTED FROM
THIS PART
Horizontal axis
indication mark
Battery box
Optical plummet
(shown here) or
optional laser
plummet
Battery box
release knob
Data output/
external power
input connector
(input voltage
4.5-5.2 V DC)
Circular level
The laser safety label
shown below will be
attached here
(underneath) when
the optional laser
plummet is used.
Leveling screw
Tribrach
LASER RADIATION
DO NOT STARE INTO BEAM
CLASS 2 LASER PRODUCT
Po<1.0mW
CW Ё= 635nm
IEC 60825- 1 ,2001
Figure 3.2
Front view of the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station (Face 2)
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
37
3 – Getting Started
Instrument keyboard and display
Instrument keyboard
Use the buttons on the instrument keyboard to carry out the following functions:
The functions of the keys are as follows.
Button
Function
See ...
Turns the instrument on or off.
page 52
(Illumination button)
Provides access to the switch window.
Turns on/off the LCD backlight if held down for one second.
page 42
Displays the MENU screen.
page 104
• Changes the input mode between alphanumeric and numeric if pressed page 45
when you are in a PT or CD field.
• Activates Qcode mode if pressed when you are In the Basic
Measurement Screen (BMS).
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
Button
Function
See ...
Records measured data, moves on to the next screen, or confirms and
accepts the entered data in input mode.
You have the option to record the measurement as a CP record instead of
an SS record, if you hold this key down for one second in the Basic
Measurement Screen (BMS).
The instrument outputs the current measurement data (PT, HA, VA, and
SD) on the COM port if you press this key in the BMS or in a Stakeout
observation screen. (The Data Rec settings must be set to COM.)
page 95
Returns to the previous screen.
In numeric or alphanumeric mode, deletes input.
Starts distance measurement, using the measure mode settings for the
[MSR1] button.
Displays measurement mode settings, if held down for one second.
page 61
Starts distance measurement, using the measure mode settings for the
[MSR2] key.
Displays measurement mode settings, if held down for one second.
page 61
Moves to the next available display screen.
Changes the fields that appear on the DSP1, DSP2, and DSP3 screens, if
held down for one second.
page 43
Displays the Angle menu.
page 66
Displays the Station Setup menu.
In numeric mode, enters 7. In alphanumeric mode, enters 7.
page 68
Displays the Stakeout menu.
Shows stakeout settings, if held down for one second.
In numeric mode, enters 8. In alphanumeric mode, enters A, B, C, or 8.
page 79
Displays the Offset Point Measurement menu.
In numeric mode, enters 9. In alphanumeric mode, enters D, E, F, or 9.
page 97
Displays the Programs menu, which contains additional measuring
programs.
In numeric mode, enters 4. In alphanumeric mode, enters G, H, I, or 4.
page 47
In numeric mode, enters 5. In alphanumeric mode, enters J, K, L, or 5.
page 49
Displays RAW, XYZ, or STN data, depending on your setting.
In numeric mode, enters 6. In alphanumeric mode, enters M, N, O, or 6.
page 51
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
Button
Function
See ...
Executes the function that is assigned to the [USR1] key.
In numeric mode, enters 1. In alphanumeric mode, enters P, Q, R, S, or 1.
Executes the function that is assigned to the [USR2] key.
In numeric mode, enters 2. In alphanumeric mode, enters T, U, V, or 2.
page 50
Opens a window where you can enter a code. The default code value is the page 46
last code entered.
In numeric mode, enters 3. In alphanumeric mode, enters W, X, Y, Z, or 3.
Displays the (HOT) menu, which includes Height of Target, Temp-Press,
page 47
Target, Note recording, and Default PT settings.
In numeric mode, enters – (minus). In alphanumeric mode, enter . (period),
– (minus), or + (plus).
Displays the Bubble indicator.
page 49
In numeric mode, enters 0. In alphanumeric mode, enter *, /, =, a space, or
0.
Status bar
The status bar appears on the right of every screen. It contains icons that indicate the status of
various system functions.
Status bar
Laser-pointer indicator
The icon appears as you turn on the laser pointer. When the icon appears on the screen, the emitting
power is laser class 2.
Laser pointer ON
If there is no icon, the laser pointer is off.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
Input mode indicator
The input mode indicator appears only when you are entering points or coordinates. It shows the
data input mode:
Input mode is numeric. Press a button on the number pad to enter the number printed on the
button.
Input mode is alphabetic. Press a button on the number pad to enter the first letter printed beside
the button. Press the button repeatedly to cycle through all the letters assigned to that button.
For example, to enter the letter O in alphabetic mode, press [6] three times.
Battery indicator
Shows each voltage level of the right and left internal batteries individually. When the external
battery is connected with the instrument, its voltage is shown.
Internal batteries:
• Top: left battery
• Bottom: right battery
External battery
Internal batteries
External battery
Battery level indication
Battery low
If the battery level is critically low, a message appears.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
EDM measurement status
When you are taking measurements, the EDM measurement status shows the mode that is being
used.
When you display observation data, the EDM measurement status shows the mode that was used
when the data was collected:
Reflectorless mode
If there is no icon, Prism mode is being used.
Communication port status
The Bluetooth-enabled icon shows that Bluetooth is selected for the Port setting in the
Communication menu. See Communications, page 125.
Bluetooth enabled
LCD backlight, laser pointer, beep sound, and contrast
adjustment
Press the illumination key to open the 4-switch window and then press:
[1] to turn the LCD backlight on/off
[2] to turn the laser pointer on /off
[3] to turn the beep sound on /off
[4] to open the contrast adjustment window.
[ENT] / [4]
[ESC]
Switch setup window
Contrast adjustment window
Do the following:
•
To turn on/off each function, press [ENT] when the option 1, 2, 3 or 4 is selected or directly press
the [1], [2], [3], or [4] key. Holding down the illumination key for one second also turns on/off the LCD
backlight.
•
To move the cursor up and down, press [^] or [v].
•
To adjust the contrast, in the contrast adjustment window, press [>] or [<].
•
To close the window, press [ESC].
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
Switch 1: Adjusting the LCD backlight
LCD backlight is on
LCD backlight is off
Switch 2: Turning on/off the laser pointer
Laser pointer is on
Laser pointer is off
The icon appears while turning on the laser pointer. When the icon is on the screen, the emitting
power is Laser Class 2.
Switch 3: Turning on/off the sound
Sound is on
Sound is off
[DSP]
button
Use the [DSP] button to change the current display screen or to change display settings.
Switching between display screens
When several display screens are available:
•
the DSP indicator appears at the top left of the screen
•
the screen indicator (for example, 1/4) appears at the top right
To move to the next available screen, press [DSP].
For example, if you are currently in the second display screen, press
[DSP] to move to the third display screen. The screen indicator changes
from 2/4 to 3/4.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
B
Tip – When the secondary distance unit is set, an additional
screen is available. It shows the HD, VD, and SD values. See also
Others settings, page 127.
The smallest unit of display for distances measured in feet-andinches is 1/16 inch. Smaller units are impractical in the field.
When the actual value is greater than 99999'11"15/16, the >
symbol appears. If the actual distance is less than –
9999'11''15/16, the  (solid triangle) symbol appears. This does
not affect calculations. The precise value is used internally in all cases.
Customizing items in the Basic Measurement Screen (BMS)
To customize the items that are displayed on the DSP1, DSP2, and DSP3 screens:
1. Hold down [DSP] for one second.
2. Use the arrow buttons [^], [v], [<], and [>] to highlight the item that
you want to change:
3. Press the or softkey to scroll through the list of items that can
be displayed for this item.
The items that you can choose from are HA, AZ, HL, VA, V%, SD,
VD, HD, Z, and (none).
4. To save your changes, press the Save softkey.
Alternatively, highlight the last item for DSP3 and press [ENT]. The DSP screens show the items
you have selected.
B
Tip – Except for the (none) item, you cannot display the same item on more than one line of
the same screen.
The items displayed in the DSP1, DSP2, DSP3, and DSP4 screens are also used in the
corresponding Layout screens (LO2, LO3, LO4, and LO5).
You can also customize the displayed items in Layout.
Header characters
The following header characters appear in DSP screens:
•
Colon (:) indicates that tilt correction is applied to the value.
•
Hash symbol (#) indicates that tilt correction is off.
•
Underscore (_) under the tilt correction character indicates that
Sea Level Correction or Scale factor is applied.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
[MODE]
button
The [MODE] button is on the top row of the FOCUS 6+ 5" / FOCUS 6+ 5" W keypad. Use it to change the
keyboard mode for the current screen.
Changing the input mode while entering points or codes
When the cursor is in a point (PT) or code (CD) field, press [MODE] to
change the input mode between alphanumeric (A) and numeric (1).
The input mode indicator in the status bar changes to show the
current input mode.
When the cursor is in a height (HT) field, only numeric input mode is
available. Pressing [MODE] has no effect when the cursor is in a HT field.
Quick code measurement mode
1. To activate Quick code measurement mode, press [MODE] in the
BMS.
The PT field shows the default point name.
2. Press any numeric key ([0] through [9]) to start measuring and
recording points.
A list of the numeric keys and their assigned feature codes appears
on the right side of the screen.
For example, when you press [6], the code assigned to 6 is selected,
and the instrument starts a measurement.
3. If you have set the record mode to Confirm (see Viewing and
changing the measurement settings, page 63), the Record PT
screen appears after each measurement.
Do one of the following:
–
To record the point, press [ENT].
–
To return to the BMS, press [ESC].
B
Tip – To assign a new feature code to a numeric key, press [^] or [v] to highlight the code that
you want to change. Then press the Edit softkey.
You can use the DSP softkey to change the values shown in the measurement box, in the
same way as you use the [DSP] key in the Basic Measurement Screen (BMS).
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
4. To return to the BMS from the Qcode screen, press [MODE] or [ESC].
[COD]
button
In the BMS, press [COD] to change the default feature code that will appear in the CD field when you
record a point.
Setting the default code
When you press [COD] in the BMS, a window for entering the feature
code appears.
You can use the List and Stack softkeys to enter the code.
Qcode observations
To enter the Quick code observation routine, press the Qcode
softkey.
In this function, you can use the ten numeric keys to both select a
feature code and shoot a point.
To change the measurement mode for the Quick code observation,
press the Sett softkey.
B
Tip – In Quick code measurement, the Rec mode can only be set
to Confirm or ALL.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
[HOT]
key
The HOT key menu is available from any observation screen. To
display the HOT key menu, press [HOT].
Changing the height of the target
1. Press [HOT] to display the HOT menu.
2. Do one of the following:
–
Press [1].
–
Select HT.
3. Press [ENT].
4. Enter the target height or select the height from the HT stack.
Note – To display the HT stack, press the Stack softkey. The HT
stack stores the last 20 HT values entered.
Setting the current temperature and pressure
1. Press [HOT] to display the HOT menu.
2. Do one of the following:
–
Press [2].
–
Select Temp-Press.
3. Press [ENT].
4. Enter the ambient temperature and pressure. The ppm value is
updated automatically.
Selecting the target set
A target set specifies settings for the target type, the prism constant,
and height of target. When you change the selected target set, all
three settings are changed. You can use this function to quickly switch
between two types of target, such as a reflector sheet and a prism. You
can prepare up to five target sets.
Press [HOT] to display the HOT menu. Then either press [3], or select
Target and press [ENT]. A list of the five target sets appears. To select a target set, either press the
corresponding numeric key ([1] through [5]), or use [^] or [v] to highlight the target set in the list and
press [ENT].
To change the settings defined in a target set, highlight the target set in the list. Then press the
Edit softkey.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
Type
Prism/N-Prism
Const
–999 to 999 mm
HT
–9.990 to 99.990 m
B
Tip – HT can be left blank in the target set. If you leave it blank, the current HT value is always
applied to the measurement.
When a target set is selected, the Type and Const values are copied to both [MSR1] and [MSR2]
settings, and to the measurements in Qcode. If you have specified a value for HT, this value is
also copied to the current HT.
Entering a field note
To enter a field note, press [HOT] to display the HOT menu. Then either
press [4], or select Note and press [ENT].
This function can be used at any time on any observation screen.
Each note can be up to 50 characters.
The note is stored as a CO record in the raw data.
To display a list of previously used notes, press the Stack softkey.
The stack stores the last 20 notes.
Use [^] or [v] to highlight a note in the list. Then press [ENT] to select the
note.
Setting the default point name
To change the default point name, press [HOT] to display the HOT menu.
Then press [5], or select Default PT and press [ENT].
This function is available from any observation screen.
Modify the default point name for the next record.
Press [ENT] to confirm the new default point name. The new point
name is appears as the default PT name on the input screen.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
Bubble indicator
The bubble indicator appears if the instrument goes out of level while the compensator is turned on.
It also appears directly after the start up screen.
To display the bubble indicator in an observation screen at any other time, press
.
The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station has a
two-axis level compensation. To turn the leveling compensators on or
off, press [<] or [>]. When the levelling compensators are turned off, the
text OFF appears on the screen.
If the instrument is more than ±3'30" out of level, the text OVER
appears on the screen.
To return to the observation screen, press [ESC] or [ENT].
Laser plummet (option)
Laser plummet on / off
Do one of the following:
•
To turn the laser plummet switch on,
press
.
•
To close the bubble indicator window, press [ESC].
•
To turn the laser plummet switch off, press
•
To open the luminance adjustment window, press [Lumi.].
•
To turn the laser plummet switch off and close the bubble indicator
window, press [ESC].
.
Laser luminance adjustment
Laser luminance can be set to 4 levels.
•
To set the luminance brighter by one level, press [Max.] once.
•
To set the luminance darker by one level, press [Min.] once
To return to the bubble indicator window, press [ESC] or [ENT].
Note – The current setting of leveling compensators is indicated by
header characters (:, #, :, and #) after field labels (such as HA, VA, SD, and HD) in observation screens.
For more information, see Header characters, page 44.
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3 – Getting Started
[[USR]
buttons
If you use a function frequently in the field, you can assign it to the [USR1] or [USR2] key. Whenever you
press a [USR] key, the function that is assigned to that key is activated directly.
The following functions can be assigned to the [USR] keys:
•
Input HT
•
BS Check
•
Base XYZ
•
Default PT
•
Select Target
•
Input Temp-Press
•
Input Note
•
The following menus, or a single function from one of these menus:
–
Cogo
–
O/S
–
PRG
By default, Input HT is assigned to [USR1], and no function is assigned to [USR2].
Hold down the [USR] key for one second to display the list of functions
that can be assigned to the key. The currently assigned function is
indicated by an asterisk (*) beside the function name.
To change the function that assigned to the key, press [^] or [v] to
highlight the function. Then press [ENT].
If an item on the list has an arrow (->) beside it, this item is a menu. If
you highlight a menu item and then press [ENT], a sub-menu appears.
The first item on the sub-menu ends with the text [MENU]. If you
select this item, the whole menu is assigned to the [USR] key.
To assign a specific function from the sub-menu, press [^] or [v] to
highlight the function. Then press [ENT].
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3 – Getting Started
Once you have assigned a function to a [USR] key, it is called directly
whenever you press that [USR] key in the BMS.
B
[DAT]
Tip – To change the type of data that is assigned to the [USR]
keys in MENU > 1sec-Keys > [USR]. For more
information, see [USR] key settings, page 146.
button
Use the [DAT] key to quickly access data in the current job from observation screens.
When you press [DAT] in the BMS or in observation screens in functions
such as Stakeout, 2Pt RefLine, and Arc RefLine, the assigned data in the
current job appears.
Hold down [DAT] for one second in the BMS or an observation screen to
display the Select Format screen. Use this screen to change the type of
data that is assigned to [DAT]. Press [1] or select DAT [MENU] to
display the Data menu whenever you press [DAT].
When you select an option from this screen, the change is applied
immediately, and the selected data type appears.
Press [ESC] to return to the previous observation screen.
B
Tip – To change the type of data that is assigned to [DAT], go to
MENU > 1sec-Keys > [DAT]. For more information,
see [DAT] key settings, page 147.
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3 – Getting Started
Turning on the instrument
Press the [PWR] button. The start-up screen appears. It shows the
model name, current temperature, pressure, date, and time. The
display automatically changes to the electronic level after two
seconds.
If you entered your name or your company’s name in the Owner’s
detail field, the text from this field appears on the start-up screen. To
set the Owner’s detail field, press [MENU] and then select
Settings / Other. See also Others settings, page 127.
Turning off the instrument
1. Press [PWR] and [ENT].
2. Do one of the following:
Press...
To...
[ENT] again
turn off the instrument
the Reset softkey
reboot the software and re-start the instrument
access the Basic Measurement Screen (BMS) without an open job.
the Sleep softkey
put the instrument into power-saving mode
[ESC]
cancel the power-off process and return to the previous screen
Sleep mode
To put the instrument into sleep mode, do one of the following:
•
In the Press [ENT] → OFF screen, press the Sleep softkey.
•
Enable the Power Save setting. See also Power saving, page 125.
The instrument wakes up if any of the following events occur:
•
You press a button
•
The instrument receives a remote control command
•
You rotate the alidade
•
You tilt the telescope
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3 – Getting Started
Regional configuration
To provide easier configuration for common regional settings, you can quickly configure the FOCUS
6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station to a pre-set combination of default regional settings. The Regional
Configuration screen appears only after the language configuration is complete and the instrument
has rebooted.
1. Follow the steps in Others settings, page 127 to select the required language.
Once the instrument has rebooted the Regional Configuration
screen appears.
2. Press [^] or [v] to highlight the required regional settings and then
press [ENT].
3. If you do not want to change the current settings, press [ESC] and
quit. The instrument continues to use the last settings that were
configured.
The settings affected by the Regional Configuration screen are:
Category
Setting
Europe
International
United States
Angle
VA zero
Zenith
Zenith
Zenith
Resolution
5"
5"
5"
Scale
1.000000
1.000000
1.000000
T-P Corr.
On
On
On
Sea Level
Off
Off
Off
C&R corr.
0.132
0.132
0.132
Order
ENZ
ENZ
NEZ
Label
ENZ
ENZ
NEZ
Main Unit
Off
Off
Off
EDM Unit
Off
Off
Off
Sleep
5 minutes
5 minutes
5 minutes
Ext. Comm
Nikon
Nikon
Nikon
Baud
4800
4800
4800
Length
8
8
8
Parity
None
None
None
Stop bit
1
1
1
Angle
GON
DEG
DEG
Distance
meters
meters
US-ft
Temp
°C
°C
°F
Press
mm Hg
mm Hg
In Hg
Distance
Coordinates
Power Save
Communication
Units
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3 – Getting Started
Category
Setting
Europe
International
United States
Rec
Rec Data
OFF
OFF
OFF
CD Field
OFF
OFF
OFF
Add Const
1000
1000
1000
XYZ disp
Fast
Fast
Fast
2nd Unit
None
None
None
CD Input
<ABC>
<ABC>
<ABC>
Others
The default regional configuration pre-set is “Europe” settings. See also Job settings, page 106.
List available jobs or data
The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station lists available jobs or data when you do any of the following:
•
view or edit data (Press [MENU] then select Data)
•
open the Job Manager (Press [MENU] then select Job)
•
search for points or codes
The current cursor position is shown in inverted colors (it appears as
white text on a black background).
Press [^] to move the cursor one line up, or press [v] to move the cursor
one line down.
If the Page Up icon appears, there are more pages before the current
page. Press [<] to move up one page.
If the Page Down icon appears, there are more pages after the current page. Press [>] to move down
one page.
To select an item from the list, move the cursor onto the item and press [ENT].
Entering data
You can enter the following into the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station:
•
A point name or number, see page 55
•
A code, see page 58
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3 – Getting Started
Entering a point name or number
You can use numeric or alphanumeric names up to 20 characters long to identify points.
The default name for a new point is the last point name entered, with the last digit incremented. For
example, if the last point name was A100, the default name for the next point is A101.
If the last character of the previous point name is alphabetic, the default point name is identical to
the last point name.
When the cursor is in a PT (point) field, there are several ways to specify a point, or to enter
coordinates. You can:
•
Enter an existing point, see page 55
•
Enter a new point, see page 56
•
Press [ENT] without a point name, see page 56
•
Specify a wildcard, see page 56
•
Enter a point by recording an instant measurement, see page 56
•
Enter a point from a point stack, see page 57
•
Enter a point from the point list, see page 57
Entering an existing point
When you enter a known point name or number, the coordinates of
that point are briefly displayed. A short beep sounds before the next
screen appears or the next field is selected.
To adjust the duration of the coordinate window display, press [MENU]
then select Settings / Others. To leave the window open
until you press [ENT], set the XYZ disp field to +ENT. See also page 127.
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3 – Getting Started
Entering a new point
When you enter a new point name or number, a coordinate input
screen appears. Enter the coordinates for the point in NE, NEZ, or
elevation-only (Z) format.
To store the point in the current job, press [ENT] on the last line (the CD
field).
Pressing [ENT] without a point name
To use a point without recording the coordinates, press [ENT] in a PT
field, without entering a point name.
The input coordinates are used in the calculation but they are not
saved in the database. The message This PT will not be recorded
appears.
Specifying a wildcard (*)
If you include an asterisk (for example, A100*) when you enter a point or code name, a list of points
that match the entered text appears.
Use [^] or [v] to move the cursor to the point that you want to use. Then
press [ENT].
If the Page Up icon appears, you can use it to move up one page on
the list. You can also use [<].
If the Page Down icon appears, you can use it to move down one
page. You can also use [>].
When you select a point from the list, its coordinates are displayed and a beep sounds.
Entering a point by recording an instant measurement
1. Press the MsrPT softkey:
An observation screen appears.
2. To start a measurement, press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
3. To change the height of the target, select the HT softkey.
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3 – Getting Started
4. When you have finished the measurement, press [ENT] to go to the
point recording screen.
5. Enter the point or code name and then press [ENT].
B
Tip – When you move the cursor to a field, the current or
default value appears in inverted colors. (It appears as white
text on a black background). This is the default Replace All input
mode.
B
Tip – To change the input mode to Overwrite and highlight the
first character, press [>]. To move the cursor to the end of the
string, press [<].
Entering a point from the point stack
The point stack is a list of the last 20 point names used, in
chronological order from last used to first used. To enter a point from
the point stack:
1. Select the Stack softkey when the cursor is in the PT field. The
stack appears.
2. Press [^] or [v] to move the cursor to the point that you want to use.
3. Press [ENT].
When you return to the point input screen, the selected point name is
entered in the PT field, incremented by one. For example, if you
selected the A101 point, A102 appears in the PT field.
Entering a point from the point list
1. Select the List softkey when the cursor is in the PT field. A list of
existing points appears.
2. Press [^] or [v] to move the cursor to the point that you want to use.
3. Press [ENT].
When you return to the point input screen, the selected point name is
entered in the PT field. Add numeric or alphabetic characters if
required.
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3 – Getting Started
Entering a code
The CD (Code) field defaults to the last code used. You can select a different code in the input point
screen or press [COD] in the BMS screen. For more information, see [COD] button, page 46
Codenames can be numeric or alphanumeric, and up to 16 characters long.
There are several ways to enter a code:
•
Enter a code directly, see page 58
•
Enter a code from the code stack, see page 58
•
Enter a code from the code list, see page 58
Entering a code directly
1. To change the input mode to alphanumeric or numeric, press
[MODE].
2. Use the keypad to enter the code.
Entering a code from the code stack
The code stack is a list of up to 20 recently used codes. When you
reboot the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station, the code stack is
cleared.
To enter a code from the code stack:
1. Select the Stack softkey when the cursor is in the CD field. The
stack appears.
2. To move the cursor to the code that you want to use, press [^] or [v].
3. Press [ENT].
The selected code is copied to the CD field.
Entering a code from the code list
1. Select the List softkey when the cursor is in the CD field. A list of
existing codes appear.
2. Press [^] or [v] to highlight the feature code that you want to use.
3. Press [ENT].
A layer has an arrow at the end of the code label. If you highlight a
layer in the list and then press [ENT], the codes and layers in that layer
are displayed.
When you return to the input screen, the selected code is entered in
the CD field.
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3 – Getting Started
Advanced feature: Searching for a code using the first character
Items are shown in alphabetic order. To find a code quickly when the code list appears, use the firstcharacter search. For example, to see feature codes that begin with T, use the keypad to enter the
letter T (press [1] twice).
After each button press, the input mode field displays the selected
letter. For example, if you press [1], S appears. If you quickly press [1]
again, T appears. If you do not press the [1] button again, the letter T is
selected.
Once you select a letter, the cursor moves to the feature code
beginning with that letter.
If there is no code beginning with that letter, the cursor moves to the
next available letter.
Qcodes
Quick codes (Qcodes) let you shoot and record many points with
feature codes in the field. You can register up to ten Quick codes. To
register Qcodes, press the Edit softkey. For more information, see
Quick code measurement mode, page 45.
B
Tip – Press [MODE] to switch Qcodes on or off.
Press the Edit softkey to change the Qcode. You can edit the
entire code, or just the number at the end of the code.
You can still use [DSP] to change the background displays.
Entering values in feet and inches
If US Survey Feet (US-Ft) or International Feet (I-Ft) is selected as the distance unit, you can enter and
display distances, HIs, HTs, and coordinate values in decimal feet or in feet and inches. See also Unit,
page 126, and Others settings, page 127.
To enter values in feet and inches in an input screen, enter the elements, separated by periods (.), in
the following format:
<Feet> [.] <Inches> [.] <Numerator> [.] <Denominator> [ENT]
(0–11)
(0–15)
(0–99)
The default denominator is 16. If the denominator is 16, you do not have to enter it, and it is not
displayed on the screen.
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3 – Getting Started
For example, if you enter
[2] [.] [0] [8] [.] [5] [.] [ENT], it appears as 2'08" 5/ (2 feet, 8 and 5/16ths
inches).
The following examples show how to enter various values:
To enter...
Key in...
65' 5 3/8"
[6] [5] [.] [5] [.] [3] [.] [8] [ENT]
65'
[6] [5] [ENT]
65' 5"
[6] [5] [.] [5] [ENT]
65' 5 3/8"
[6] [5] [.] [5] [.] [6] [ENT]
5 3/8"
[0] [.] [5] [.] [3] [.] [8] [ENT] or [0] [.] [5] [.] [6] [ENT]
B
Tip – The numerator and denominator that you enter are automatically converted to the
closest value from the following list: 0, 1/8, 1/4, 3/8, 1/2, 5/8, 3/4, 7/8, 1/16, 3/16, 5/16, 7/16,
9/16, 11/16, 13/16, 15/16.
If the denominator is 16, it is not shown on the screen.
Creating or opening a job
To record data on the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station, you must create or open a job.
Note – Before using the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station for the first time, check that you are using
the required job settings.
Creating a new job
1. Press [MENU]. The MENU screen appears.
2. Press [1]. The Job Manager appears.
3. Select the Creat softkey. The Create Job screen appears.
4. Enter the job name.
5. To check the job settings, select the Sett softkey. You cannot
change the settings for a job once you have created the job.
6. Press [ENT] in the last field of the Job Sett screen. The new job is
created.
Note – You can have a maximum of only 50 jobs.
Note – If either of the messages MAX 50 JOBs or Data Full appears, delete at least one existing job to
free space. You cannot free space by deleting records in an existing job.
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3 – Getting Started
Creating a control job
A control job, or common file, stores coordinate data that is used by several field jobs. To create a
control job in the office:
1. Press [MENU]. The MENU screen appears.
2. Press [1] or select Job. The Job Manager appears.
3. Move the cursor to the job to use as the control job.
4. Select the FNC softkey.
5. Press [1] to open the Control Job screen.
6. Select the Yes softkey.
When you enter a point name or number, the system searches in the
current job first. If the point is not found in the current job, the search
is automatically extended to the control job. If the point is found in the
control job, the selected point is copied to the current job as a UP
record.
Measuring distances
C
WARNING – Never look at the sun through the telescope. If you do, you may damage or lose
your eyesight.
C
WARNING – Precautions should be taken to ensure that persons do not look directly, with or
without an optical instrument, into the beam.
C
WARNING – Laser beam path should be located well above or below eye level wherever
practicable.
Note – For information on how to assemble the prism reflector, see Setting up the prism reflector,
page 32.
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3 – Getting Started
Sighting a prism reflector
Sight the telescope until you see cross-hairs at the center of the prism reflector.
Sighting a single prism
Sighting a tiltable
single prism
Taking a distance measurement
To take a distance measurement, press [MSR1] or [MSR2] in the Basic Measurement Screen (BMS) or in
any observation screen.
While the instrument is taking a measurement, the prism constant appears in a smaller font.
If tracking is set to ON, measurements are taken continuously until you
press [MSR1], [MSR2], or [ESC]. Each time a measurement is taken, the
distance is updated.
To change the height of target (HT), temperature, or pressure, press
[HOT]. See also [HOT] button, page 47.
Settings that relate to corrections (T-P corr, Sea Level, C&R corr., and
Map projection) are included in the job settings and are job-specific.
To change any of these settings, you must create a new job. See also
Job settings, page 106.
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3 – Getting Started
Viewing and changing the measurement settings
1. Hold down [MSR1] or [MSR2] for one second.
2. To move the cursor between the fields, press [^] or [v].
3. To change the value in the selected field, press [<] or [>].
Field
Values
Target
Prism
N-Prism
Const (prism constant)
–999 mm through 999 mm
Mode
Precise
Normal
AVE (average count)
0 (continuous) through 99
Rec mode
One of the following:
• MSR only
• Confirm
• ALL
Target field
•
If the measurement is started with the Target field set to Prism,
there is a dash “–” in front of the prism constant.
•
If the measurement is started with the Target field set to N-Prism,
there is a right square bracket “]” in front of the prism constant.
The symbol then continuously moves from left to right over the
prism constant in the display.
The Target setting is used by the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station to apply better cyclic-error
adjustment in distance measurement. The target setting efficiently eliminates multipath reflection.
An incorrect Target setting may result in measurements outside the precision and intervals specified
for the instrument.
If a prism target is aimed in N-prism mode, the warning message Signal High!→Try Prism
Mode is displayed because of the excessive light reflection.
A measurement made immediately after changing the target setting may take longer than usual.
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3 – Getting Started
Rec mode field
The Rec mode setting controls how the [MSR1] and [MSR2] keys operate in the BMS.
The MSR only setting is the default measurement mode. After a measurement, the instrument stops
in the BMS and waits for you to press [ENT] before recording the point.
The Confirm setting displays the Record PT screen before data is recorded.
The ALL setting is a quick shooting and recording mode. The instrument automatically records the
point using the default PT/CD. The instrument then returns to the BMS for the next measurement.
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CHAPTER
4
Applications
4
In this chapter:

HA reset and angle operations

Station setup

Stakeout

Program Key

Recording Measurement Data

Measuring Offsets
This chapter describes the menu and display
screens, and FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station
applications.
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4 – Applications
HA reset and angle operations
To open the Angle menu, press [ANG] in the BMS. To select a command
from this menu, either press the corresponding number key, or press
[<] or [>] to highlight the command and then press [ENT].
Setting the horizontal angle to 0
To reset the horizontal angle to 0, press [1] or select 0-Set in the Angle menu. The display returns to
the Basic Measurement Screen (BMS).
Entering the horizontal angle
To display the HA Input screen, press [2] or select Input in the Angle
menu. Use the numeric keys to enter the horizontal angle. Then press
[ENT].
To enter 123°45'50", type [1] [2] [3] [.] [4] [5] [5] [0].
The displayed value is rounded to the minimum angle increment.
Recording a foresight point after repeat angle measurement
1. To activate repeat angle measurement, press [3] or select Rept.
in the Angle menu.
HR=0 appears.
2. Sight the backsight and press [ENT].
3. Sight the foresight and press [ENT].
The horizontal angle is accumulated and the value is held again.
4. To end repeat angle measurement, press [ESC].
5. When you have accumulated enough horizontal angle between
the backsight and the foresight, press [MSR1] or [MSR2] to take a
measurement to the foresight.
The averaged horizontal angle appears. This value is fixed until the
process is finished or cancelled.
HRx = HR ÷ N
HA = BSAz + HRx (normalized)
HRx is not updated even if the instrument is moved.
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4 – Applications
6. Press [ENT] to store the foresight as a CP record. Check the PT, HT,
and CD values. Then press [ENT] to record.
In repeat angle measurement, the HA is replaced by HR. The
number of repeat angles appears at the top of the screen (for
example, N= 5). Horizontal angles can be measured up to
1999°59'59". This function stores both raw and XYZ data as CP
records, regardless of the Store DB setting.
Face 1 / Face 2 measurement
Use Face 1 / Face 2 (F1/F2) measurements to obtain maximum accuracy for measuring angles. Using
F1/F2 measurements effectively cancels out mechanical constant error, except for some special
errors such as the vertical axis error. For more information, see Face 1 / Face 2 measurement,
page 34.
To collect F1/F2 data without taking a distance measurement, press [4]
or select F1/F2 in the Angle menu.
If you have already taken a distance measurement to the target, you
can initiate F1/F2 averaging by flipping the telescope to the other face.
Press [ENT] on Face 2. The delta screen appears.
To record the averaged HA, VA, and SD from the F1/F2 data, press [ENT]
or the OK softkey and then select the CP or SS record type.
Note – For the HA to be adjusted from an F1 / F2 measurement, the
backsight must also have been measured in F1 / F2 during the station
setup.
Horizontal angle hold
To hold the horizontal angle to the current value, press [5] or select
Hold in the Angle menu.
To set the horizontal angle to the displayed value, press [ENT] or the
Set softkey.
To cancel the process and return to the Basic Measurement Screen
(BMS), press [ESC] or the Abrt softkey.
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4 – Applications
Station setup
To open the Stn Setup menu, press [STN] in the BMS.
To select a command from this menu, press the corresponding number
key. Alternatively, press [<] or [>] to highlight the command and then
press [ENT]. Press [^] or [v] to move up or down one page.
The last function used is highlighted.
Setting up a station with known coordinates or azimuth
1. Press [1] or select Known in the Stn Setup menu.
2. Enter a point name or number in the ST field.
–
If the input point number or name is an existing point, its
coordinates are displayed and the cursor moves to the HI
(Height of instrument) field.
–
If the point is new, a coordinate input screen appears. Enter
the coordinates for the point. Press [ENT] after each field. When
you press [ENT] in the CD field, the new point is stored.
–
If the specified point has a code, the code appears in the CD
field.
3. Enter the instrument height in the HI field and then press [ENT].
The Backsight screen appears.
4. Select an input method for defining the backsight point.
–
To sight the backsight by entering coordinates, see below.
–
To sight the backsight by entering the azimuth and angle, see
page 70.
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4 – Applications
Sighting the backsight by entering coordinates
Xb
X0
Instrument height
X
Z
Backsight point
(Xb, Yb, Zb)
Station point
(Xi, Yi, Zi)
Y0
Yb
Y
1. To enter coordinates for the backsight point (BS), press [1] or select
Coord in the Backsight screen.
2. Enter the point name. If the point exists in the job, its coordinates
are shown.
3. If you intend to take a distance measurement to the BS, enter the
height of target in the HT field.
4. Sight the BS on Face 1 (F1). Press [ENT] to complete the setup.
–
To record a full shot (with HA, VA, and SD values) to the BS,
press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
AZ
–
Azimuth calculated by coordinates
If you are measuring to a known coordinate BS, press [DSP] to
display a QA screen. The QA screen shows the dHD and dVD
values, which indicate the difference between the measured
distance and the distance calculated from the known
coordinates.
5. To record the station, press [ENT].
6. To finish the station setup after taking a distance measurement,
press [ENT]. ST and F1 records are stored to the current job.
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4 – Applications
Advanced feature: Measuring F1 and F2
To take an angle shot and proceed to the next measurement on Face 2,
press the F2 softkey.
To go directly to the Face 2 measurement after taking a distance
measurement to the BS on Face 1, flip the telescope. The instrument
automatically detects F1/F2.
Press [ENT] on Face 2. The delta screen appears.
To record the ST and F1/F2 records, press [ENT] or the OK softkey.
Sighting the backsight by entering the azimuth angle
X
X0
Instrument height
Z
Y0
Backsight point
Azimuth
Station point
(Xi, Yi, Zi)
Y
1. To enter the azimuth angle to the backsight point, press [2] or select
Angle in the Backsight screen.
2. If there is no point name for the BS, press [ENT] on the BS field.
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4 – Applications
3. In the AZ field, enter the azimuth angle to the BS point.
If you press [ENT] without entering a value in the AZ field, the
azimuth is automatically set to 0°00'00".
4. Sight the BS point and press [ENT]. ST and F1 records are stored in
the job.
You can also use the F2 softkey for F1/F2 measurement. See Advanced
feature: Measuring F1 and F2, page 70.
Setting up a station using multiple point resection
A resection sets up the station using angle/distance measurements to known points.
X0
Y1
Y0
Height 2
Known point 1
(X1, Y1, Z1)
Instrument height
X1
X2
Height 1
X
Z
Known point 2
(X2, Y2, Z2)
Station point (Xi, Yi, Zi)
Y2
Y
You can use a maximum of 10 points in a resection. Measurements can be distance and angle, or
angle only. Calculation starts automatically when enough measurements are taken.
You can delete poor observations and recalculate if necessary. You can also select the BS point.
Note – If the angle between known point 1 and known point 2 (measured from the station point) is
extremely acute or extremely oblique, the resulting solution will be less reliable geometrically. For
geometric reliability, select known point locations (or station point locations) that are widely spaced.
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4 – Applications
1. To start the resection, press [2] or select Resection in the Stn
Setup menu.
2. Enter the point name for the first observation point (PT1).
3. Enter the target height and press [ENT].
4. Sight PT1 and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
To use the F2 softkey for F1/F2 measurement, see Advanced
feature: Measuring F1 and F2, page 70.
5. To proceed to the next point, press [ENT].
6. Enter the second point (PT2) and its height of target.
7. Measure to PT2 and press [ENT].
When the instrument has enough data, it calculates the station
(STN) coordinates.
–
If more than the minimum required data is available, a
standard deviation screen appears.
–
To take measurements to strengthen geometry of the
resection, press the Add softkey. For information about the
View softkey, see Advanced feature: Viewing and deleting a
measurement in resection, page 73.
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4 – Applications
8. When the results are satisfactory, record the station. To do this,
press [ENT] or the REC softkey.
9. Enter the height of instrument, if required. Press [ENT]. The ST field
defaults to the last recorded PT + 1.
10. To change the station name, move to the ST field and edit or
replace the text.
Note – If you have set Split ST to Yes, the ST field defaults to the last
recorded ST value + 1. For more information, see Others settings, page 127.
11. BS defaults to the first observed point.
12. To change the BS, press the Change softkey.
13. Select the BS point that you want to use and press [ENT].
14. To finish the resection setup, move the cursor to the BS field and
press [ENT].
Note – The minimum data required for a resection is either three angle
shots, or one angle shot and one distance shot. If you use a distance
shot, the distance between the target points must be greater than the
measured distance. Stn-Z is calculated from distance-measured data. If no distances are measured,
then Stn-Z is calculated using angle-only measurements to points with 3D coordinates.
Advanced feature: Viewing and deleting a measurement in resection
To check the measurements to each known point, press the View
softkey on the calculated STN (sigma or coordinate) screen.
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4 – Applications
dHA
Distributed HA errors in each direction
dVD
VD errors between measured distance and
calculated distance
dHD
HD errors between measured distance and
calculated distance
To delete a measurement (because of large sigma values, for example), highlight the measurement
data or display the detail screen for the measurement. Then press the DEL softkey. The STN
coordinates are automatically recalculated.
To continue resection observations, press the Add softkey. The input
screen for the next PT appears.
Setting up the station quickly without coordinates
The station point (ST) in this function defaults to a new point number. For the new point, MP (0, 0, 0)
is stored as the coordinates. When the ST is manually changed to a known point name, the station is
set up on the coordinates of the known point.
1. To enter Quick Station setup, press [3] or select Quick in the Stn
Setup menu.
ST
Station point (defaults to the last recorded PT + 1, or ST + 1,
depending on the Split ST setting)
HI
Height of instrument
BS
Backsight point (blank)
AZ
Backsight azimuth (defaults to zero)
2. No default PT is assigned to the BS. Leave this field blank, or enter
a BS point name.
3. The backsight azimuth (AZ) defaults to zero, but you can change
this.
4. To complete the station setup, sight the BS and press [ENT].
When you press [ENT] in the AZ field, both HA and AZ are reset to the value you have entered.
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4 – Applications
Note – Even if both ST and BS are known points, this function does not calculate the backsight angle
(AZ) automatically. To calculate the AZ between two known points (ST and BS), use Station
Setup > Known. For more information, see Setting up a station with known coordinates or
azimuth, page 68.
Determining station elevation
1. Press [4] or select Remote BM in the Stn Setup menu.
2. Enter the BM point and press [ENT]. When the point is found, it
appears briefly. The cursor then moves to the HT field.
3. Enter the HT and press [ENT].
4. Sight the BM point and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
5. To take an F1/F2 measurement, press the F2 softkey or flip the
telescope to Face 2 after a distance measurement.
The updated station coordinates are displayed. You can change the
HI in this screen.
6. To record the updated STN, press [ENT].
Note – When the HI is changed, the Z coordinate is updated before the
station is recorded. You must complete a station setup before you use
the Remote Benchmark function.
Checking and resetting the backsight direction
Note – You must complete a station setup before you use the BS check function. This function always
refers to the backsight point from the last ST record stored in the current open job.
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4 – Applications
1. To enter the backsight (BS) check function, press [5] or select BS
Check in the Stn Setup menu.
HA
Current HA reading
BS
The HA to the BS in the last station setup. Enter station coordinates
for observations without recording data.
2. Do one of the following:
–
To reset the horizontal angle to the HA set in the last station setup sight the BS and press the
Reset softkey or press [ENT].
–
To cancel the process and return to the BMS, press the Abrt softkey or press [ESC].
Base XYZ function:
Note – Base XYZ does not store a ST record, so the BS Check cannot check the backsight when you
enter a station using Base XYZ.
To store raw data, use one of the other functions in the Stn Setup menu. This function does not store
an ST record in the job.
You can use this function without an open job. If there is an open job when you use this function, a CO
record is stored to indicate that the instrument’s base coordinates have changed.
1. To enter the Base XYZ function, press [6] or select Base XYZ in
the Stn Setup menu.
The current instrument XYZ values are shown as the default.
2. Enter the new instrument XYZ values and press [ENT].
3. Do one of the following:
–
To reset the horizontal angle, enter a value in the HA field and press [ENT].
–
If you do not need to reset the HA, leave the HA field blank and
press [ENT].
The display returns to the BMS.
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4 – Applications
Two-point resection along a known line
1. To enter the Known Line function, press [7] or select Known
Line in the Stn Setup menu.
2. Enter a known point as P1.
If you enter a new point name, a coordinate input screen appears.
Sight P1 and press [MSR1] or [MSR2] to take a measurement. Press
[ENT].
3. Choose how you want to define a known line:
–
To define the line by entering P2 coordinates, press [1] or select
By Coord.
–
To define the line by entering the azimuth, press [2] or select
By Angle.
4. If you select By Angle, the azimuth input screen appears. Enter
the angle value and press [ENT].
A measurement screen appears.
5. Sight P2 and press [MSR1] or [MSR2] to take a measurement. Press
[ENT].
After the measurement to P2 is completed, the coordinates of the
station are calculated.
6. To record the station, press [ENT] or the REC softkey.
7. To check your measurement, press the DSP softkey. If you defined
the line by entering its azimuth, HD and VD between P1 and P2 are
displayed.
If you defined the line by entering the P2 coordinates, the
difference of HD (dHD) and VD (dZ) between your measurement
data and input coordinate data are displayed.
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4 – Applications
8. Enter the station name, the height of instrument (HI), and a
feature code (CD) if required. The station name defaults to the last
recorded PT + 1, or last recorded ST + 1, depending on the Split ST
setting.
9. Backsight (BS) defaults to the first point (P1). To change it, highlight
the BS field and then press the Change softkey.
10. To finish the setup and record the station, press [ENT] in the BS field.
Sample records
CO, Temperature:20C Pressure:1013hPa Prism:0 …
ST,9005,,265,,1.2350,150.40300,150.40300
F1,265,1.6040,79.0010,90.30150,89.35260,
F1,200,1.4590,50.2300,269.4035,93.50110,
CO, P1-P2 HD=122.0350 VD=0.5600
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4 – Applications
Stakeout
FiLL
R
OUT
CUT
IN
L
IN
OUT
Height
of target
R
L
FILL
CUT
To display the Stakeout menu, press [S-O].
Specifying the stakeout point by angle and distance
1. To display the input screen for the distance and angle to the target, press [1] or select HA-HD in
the Stakeout menu.
2. Enter the values and press [ENT].
HD
Horizontal distance from station point to stakeout point
dVD
Vertical distance from station point to stakeout point
HA
Horizontal angle to stakeout point
Note – If you press [ENT] without entering HA, the current HA is used.
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4 – Applications
3. Rotate the instrument until the dHA is close to 0°00'00".
4. Sight the target and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
When the measurement is completed, the differences between
the target position and the stakeout point are displayed.
dHA
Difference in horizontal angle to the target point
R/L
Right/Left (Lateral error)
IN/OUT
In/Out (Longitudinal error)
CUT/FILL
Cut/FilL
Once a measurement is taken, the Cut/Fill value and Z coordinate are updated as the VA is
changed.
Note – If you press [HOT] in any observation screen, the HOT key menu
appears. You can use this menu at any time to change HT and T-P.
Using [DSP] to switch between display screens
Press [DSP] to switch between the Stakeout display screens. The following screens are available:
S-O1
S-O2
S-O3
S-O4
dHA←
R←
OUT↑
CUT↑
HA
VA
SD
HA
VD
HD
HL
V%
HD
S-O5
S-O6
S-O7
S-O8
X
Y
Z
dX
dY
dZ
rSD
rVD
rHD
HD
VD
SD
The S-O8 screen is only available if the secondary distance unit is set. For more information, see
Others settings, page 127.
Every time you press [DSP], the next screen appears. If you press [DSP] in the last screen (S-O7, or S-O8
if the secondary distance unit is set), the S-O1 screen appears.
To customize the S-O2, S-O3, and S-O4 screens, hold down [DSP] for one second. For more
information, see Customizing items in the Basic Measurement Screen (BMS), page 44.
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4 – Applications
To record the stakeout point, press [ENT]. PT defaults to the last
recorded PT+1.
Press [ENT] to record the point.
After recording the point, it returns to the observation screen. You can
continue observation, or press [ESC] to input another angle and
distance for stakeout.
Specifying the stakeout point by coordinates
1. To start a stakeout by coordinates, press [2] or select XYZ in the
Stakeout menu.
2. Enter the point name that you want to stake and press [ENT].
You can also specify the point by code or radius from the
instrument.
If several points are found, they are displayed in a list. Use [^] or [v]
to move up and down the list. Use [<] or [>] to move up or down one
page.
3. Highlight a point in the list and press [ENT].
The delta angle and the distance to the target are shown.
4. Rotate the instrument until the dHA is close to 0°00'00". Press
[MSR1] or [MSR2].
dHA
Difference in horizontal angle to the target point
HD
Distance to the target point
5. Ask the rodman to adjust the target position. When the target is on the intended position, the
displayed errors become 0.000 m (or 0.000 ft).
dHA
Difference in horizontal angle to the target point
R/L
Right/Left (Lateral error)
IN/OUT
In/Out (Longitudinal error)
CUT/FILL
Cut/FilL
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4 – Applications
Note – To switch between display screens, press [DSP]. This function works as in the angle-distance
stakeout, except that the screen counter (for example, S-O1/8) is not displayed. For more information,
see Using [DSP] to switch between display screens, page 80.
Note – Once a measurement is taken, the Cut/Fill value and Z coordinate are updated as the VA is
changed.
6. To record the point, press [ENT]. PT defaults to the specified PT +
1000.
Note – Use the Add Constant field in MENU > Settings >
Stakeout to specify an integer that is added to the point number
being staked to generate a new number for recording the staked point.
The default value is 1000. For example, when you stake out PT3 with
an Add Constant of 1000, the default number for SO record is 1003. For
more information, see Stakeout, page 125.
After recording the point, the display returns to the observation
screen. When you press [ESC], the display returns to the PT/CD/R input
screen. If you entered the stakeout point using a single point name,
the PT defaults to the last PT + 1.
If you selected a point from the list, the display returns to the list,
unless all points have been selected. Press [ESC] to return to the point
input screen.
Advanced feature: Specifying a stakeout list by range input
1. To input points by range, press the Fr/To softkey in the PT field.
2. Enter the start point (Fr) and the end point (To). The range
between Fr and To must be less than 1001 points.
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4 – Applications
If existing points are found between Fr and To, a point list appears.
To highlight a point, press [^] or [v]. To go to the stakeout
observation screen, press [ENT].
If you have assigned a control job, and additional points are found
in the control job, the Ctrl softkey appears under the list.
DivLine S-O
This function divides the line between the instrument and the first target by an input span number. It
then guides you to stake out the points, one by one.
1. Press [3] or select DivLine S-O in the Stakeout menu.
2. Set up the baseline. To do this, sight the target on the line (the end
point) and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
3. Enter the total stake number in the Span total field.
The observation screen for the first stake (from the instrument)
appears.
4. Sight the prism and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
5. Use [^] or [v] to change the guide point. You can calculate and guide
up to double the number of the stakes.
6. To record the point as an SO record, press [ENT].
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4 – Applications
Note – For example, if you measure to the end point at 100 m from the instrument and set the span
total to 2, the following four points are calculated and can be staked:
HD
<1/2>
<2/2>
<3/2>
<4/2>
50 m
100 m
150 m
200 m
RefLine S-O
This function allows you to stake out a point based on the Sta, O/S, and dZ to a specified line.
1. Press [4] or select
RefLine S-O in the Stakeout menu.
2. Enter the first point (P1) of the line.
Note – If you press [ENT] without entering a PT name, you can enter
temporary coordinates which are not recorded in the job. Alternatively,
press the MSR softkey to measure a point.
3. Enter the second point (P2) of the line.
4. Enter offsets to the line.
Press [ENT] in a blank field to enter the value 0.0000.
Sta
Distance from P1 along the line
O/S
Distance perpendicular to the line
(+)
Right side of the P1-P2 line
(-)
Left side of the P1-P2 line
dZ
Difference in height from the line
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4 – Applications
5. Rotate the instrument until the dHA is close to 0°00'00".
6. Sight the target and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
When a distance measurement is taken, the difference from the
design point appears.
7. To record the point as an SO record, press [ENT].
Using [DSP] to switch between display screens
You can use [DSP] to switch between display screens. This function works as in the angle-distance
stakeout. For more information, see Using [DSP] to switch between display screens, page 80.
Program Key
To display the Programs menu, press [PRG].
Measuring distance and offset values along a specified line
1. Press [1] or select 2Pt RefLine in the Programs menu.
2. Enter the first point for the reference line. Alternatively (to enter
the point by measuring), press the MsrPT softkey.
B
Tip – Direct Measurement screen
Press the MsrPT softkey to display a direct measurement
screen.
Sight the target and press [MSR1] or [MSR2]. The Record PT
screen appears.
If you press [ESC] in the Record PT screen, the measured point is
used but not recorded in the job.
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4 – Applications
3. Enter the second point for the reference line.
4. Enter an asterisk (*) in the PT field to perform a wildcard search. A
list of matching points appears. Highlight a point in the list and
then press [ENT].
PT2
Sta
Prism
dZ
PT2
O/S
Prism
PT1
Plain view
PT1
Sta
Side view
5. Sight the prism or reflective sheet and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
Sta
Horizontal distance from P1 to the measure point along the P1P2 line
O/S
Horizontal offset from the P1-P2 line to the measured point
dZ
Vertical offset from the P1-P2 line to the measured point
Using [DSP] to switch between display screens
Press [DSP] to switch between the Stakeout display screens. The following screens are available:
REF1
REF2
REF3
REF4
Sta
O/S
dZ
X
Y
Z
HA
VA
SD
HA
VD
HD
REF5
HD
VD
SD
The REF5 screen is only available if the secondary distance unit is set. For more information, see
Others settings, page 127.
Every time you press [DSP], the next screen appears. If you press [DSP] in the last screen (REF4 or REF5),
the REF1 screen appears.
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4 – Applications
To store the point and its offset distance information, press [ENT].
Enter the point name and feature code.
You can also use this screen to change the HT value.
Sample records
CO, 2pt-Ref Pt:16 & Pt:13 Az:311.2932
CO, Sta= -12.6876 Offset= 1.3721 dZ= 0.0971
SS,17,1.0000,6.9202,18.4700,80.3120,15:48:48,2REF-LINE
Measuring distance and offset values on the arc-curve
1. Press [2] or select Arc RefLine in the Programs menu.
2. Enter the start of the curve point (P1) and the azimuth of its
tangent line (AZ1).
3. To enter P1 by direct measurement, press the MSR softkey.
4. Choose a method to define the arc.
P2 can be any point on the tangent line that is to exit the curve.
5. In the radius (Rad) field, enter a positive value for a clockwise
curve. Enter a negative value for a counterclockwise curve.
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4 – Applications
When all factors have been entered, the instrument calculates the curve.
If the curve length (Len) is too large for a circle of the given radius, it is
shortened.
To ...
Press ...
switch between display screens
[DSP]
change HT
[HOT]
record points
[ENT]
Using [DSP] to switch between display screens
Press [DSP] to switch between the Stakeout display screens. The following screens are available:
ARC1
ARC2
ARC3
ARC4
Sta
O/S
dZ
X
Y
Z
HA
VA
SD
HA
VD
HD
ARC5
HD
VD
SD
The ARC5 screen is only available if the secondary distance unit is set. For more information, see
Others settings, page 127.
Every time you press [DSP], the next screen appears. If you press [DSP] in the last screen (ARC4 or
ARC5), the ARC1 screen appears.
To record the point, press [ENT] on any observation screen. The arc is
stored in comment records.
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4 – Applications
Sample records
CO,Arc P1:583 AZ1=0.0000 P2:102
CO, AZ2=311.2932 Radius=50.0000 Length=125.6637
CO, Sta= -12.6876 Offset= 1.3721 dZ= 0.0971
SS,17,1.0000,6.9202,18.4700,80.3120,15:48:48,2REF-LINE
Remote distance measurement
This function measures the horizontal distance, vertical distance, and slope distance between two
points.
2nd sighting point
rSD
1st sighting
point
rVD
rHD
Horizontal angle 0 direction
2nd sighting point
rHA
1st sighting
point
Station point
rSD
Slope distance between two points
rHD
Horizontal distance between two points
rVD
Vertical distance between two points
rV%
Percentage of grade (rVD/rHD) × 100%
rGD
Vertical grade (rHD/rVD) :1
rAZ
Azimuth from first point to second point
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4 – Applications
Measuring between the current and the first point measured
1. To enter the RDM (Radial) function, press [3] or select
RDM(Radial) in the Programs menu.
2. Sight the first point and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
The distance from the station point to the first point appears.
3. Sight the second point and press [MSR1] or [MSR2]. The distances
between the first and second point are displayed.
rSD
Slope distance between two points
rVD
Vertical distance between two points
rHD
Horizontal distance between two points
4. To change display screens, press [DSP].
rAZ
Azimuth from first point to second point
rV%
Percentage of grade (rVD/rHD) × 100%
rGD
Vertical grade (rHD/rVD) :1
5. To record the distance and angle information as a comment
record, press [ENT] in the 1/2 or 2/2 observation screen.
Default point numbers are displayed. You can change these point
numbers. To record a note, press [ENT] in the To field.
B
Tip – Data that you save in RDM functions is stored in RM
records. For more information, see RM records, page 131. When you download data in Nikon
RAW format, they are output as comment (CO) records.
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4 – Applications
Measuring between the current point and the immediately preceding point
1. To enter the RDM (Continuous) function, press [4] or select
RDM(Cont.)in the Programs menu.
2. Follow the procedure as for a radial RDM measurement. For more
information, see Measuring between the current and the first
point measured, page 90.
Difference between “1:Cont.” and “2:Radial”
P3
P3
P4
P2
P2
P4
P1
P1
1:Cont.
(The preceding two points are
subject to calculation.)
2:Radial.
(Calculations are made with
reference to the first point.)
Measuring remote elevation
Arbitrary point
A prism is required
only at the sighting
(target) point
Sighting point
Station point
1. To enter the Remote Elevation Measurement function, press [5] or
select REM in the Programs menu.
2. Enter the height of target.
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4 – Applications
3. Sight the target point and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
4. Loosen the vertical clamp, and turn the telescope to aim at an
arbitrary point.
The difference in elevation (Vh) appears.
B
Tip – You can use an REM measurement to update the height of
target. Take a measurement to the prism, sight the bottom of
the prism pole, and press [ENT].
Measuring distance and offset values on the vertical plane
Baseline
1. To enter the 2-Pt Reference Plane function, press [6] or select
V-Plane in the Programs menu.
2. Enter two points to define the plane.
To enter the point by direct measurement, press the MsrPT
softkey.
When you press the MSR softkey, a temporary observation screen
appears.
3. Press [MSR1] or [MSR2]. The Record PT screen appears.
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4 – Applications
4. Enter a value in the PT and CD fields. Press [ENT].
5. Enter the second point on the vertical plane. Press [ENT].
Once the plane is defined, the calculated Sta and dZ values are
updated as you move the telescope. No distance measurement is
required.
Sta
Horizontal distance from P1 to the target point along the baseline
dZ
Vertical distance from P1 to the target point
Using [DSP] to switch between display screens
Press [DSP] to switch between the plane display screens. The following screens are available:
PLN1
PLN2
PLN3
Sta
dZ
X
Y
Z
HA
VA
Every time you press [DSP], the next screen appears. If you press [DSP] in the last screen (PLN3), the
PLN1 screen appears.
To record the point, press [ENT] on any screen (V-PLN1/3 to V-PLN3/3).
Enter PT and CD. Then press [ENT].
Sample records
CO,Vertical Ref Plane Pt1:516-A1 Pt2:530
CO,Sta=68.021 dz=17.459
SS,30123-A48,1.5480,16.4020,40.4720,89.0730,14:22:47,
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4 – Applications
Measuring distance and offset values on the slope
Target
P2
(X2,Y2,Z2)
Stn
b
(X,Y,Z)
a
P1
(X1,Y1,Z1)
P3
(X3,Y3,Z3)
1. To enter the 3-Pt Reference Plane function, press [7] or select
S-Plane in the Programs menu.
2. Enter three points to define the slope plane. To enter the point by
direct measurement, press the MSR softkey.
If you press [ENT] in a blank field, an input screen for temporary
coordinates appears. These coordinates will not be stored.
When you have entered the temporary coordinates, <Keyedin XYZ> appears instead of the PT name.
B
Tip – If the plane is defined by two points (by selecting
2Pt), the vertical plane is the same as the plane used in
the V-Pln function, but the indicating factors are Sta and
dZ, not a and b. For more information, see Measuring
distance and offset values on the vertical plane, page 92.
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4 – Applications
Once the plane is defined, the calculated a and b values are
updated as you move the telescope. No distance measurement is
required.
a
Distance between P1 and the point that is perpendicular to the
target point along the P1-P2 line
b
Length of the perpendicular line from the target point to the
P1-P2 line
Using [DSP] to switch between display screens
Press [DSP] to switch between the plane display screens. The following screens are available:
PLN1
PLN2
PLN3
a
b
X
Y
Z
HA
VA
Every time you press [DSP], the next screen appears. If you press [DSP] in the last screen (PLN3), the
PLN1 screen appears.
To record the point, press [ENT] on any screen (S-PLN1/3 to S-PLN3/3).
Enter PT and CD. Then press [ENT].
Sample records
CO,3ptPlane P1:1062 P2:2902 P3:1547
CO,a=31.497 b=14.239
SS,30123-A49,1.6110,0.0000,234.3210,86.0955,16:07:18,
Recording Measurement Data
Recording data from any observation screen
To record points on observation screens, press [ENT].
PT defaults to the last recorded PT + 1.
You can enter the PT name from the point list or the point stack. For
more information, see Entering a point from the point list, page 57,
and Entering a point from the point stack, page 57.
You can also use the code list or the code stack. For more information, see Entering a code from the
code list, page 58, and Entering a code from the code stack, page 58.
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4 – Applications
To record the point, press [ENT] on the last field.
When recording sideshots, stakeout records and control shots from
the Rept function, you can choose to store raw data only, XYZ data
only, or both. For more information, see Recording, page 126.
B
Tip – If HA or VA is moved after you take a measurement but
before you press [ENT], the angle recorded is the angle shown
when [ENT] is pressed.
In an angle-only record, SD is always recorded as 0.0000.
If the point name that you want to record already exists in the
job, an error message appears. Depending on the type of
existing record, you can overwrite the old record with the new
data. For more information, see Recording Data, page 187.
Hold down [ENT] for one second to record the measurement as a CP
record.
Outputting data to the COM port
If you press [ENT] while the [COM] icon appears in an observation screen,
a line of data is output to the COM port.
Note – If [COM] appears, data is not stored to the job when you press
[ENT].
The format of the output data is defined by the setting of the
Ext.Comm field in MENU > Settings > Comm. For more
information, see Communications, page 125.
B
Tip – To output data on the COM port when you press [ENT], set
the Data Rec field in MENU > Settings > Rec to COM.
For more information, see Recording, page 126.
Sample output records through COM port
When the Ext.Comm field is set to NIKON:
TR PN: PT8 SD:000066626 HA:003856010 VA:008048500 HT:0000061757
(TR PN: point name SD HA VA HT; when ACK is returned, PN is incremented.)
When the Ext.Comm field is set to SET:
0006662 0804806 0394324 97
(SD VA HA Chk-SUM)
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4 – Applications
Measuring Offsets
Measuring taped offsets
1. To enter the taped offset function, press [1] or select Tape in the
Offset menu.
If you have not taken a distance measurement before entering this
function, a temporary measurement screen appears.
2. Sight the target and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
3. Enter offset distances from the measured point. Use [^] or [v] to
move to the appropriate offset field.
Left (-)
Up (+)
Out (+)
Down (-)
In (-)
Right (+)
You can enter any combination of taped offset distances to specify
the point.
4. To go to the recording PT screen, press [ENT] in the last field.
The calculated coordinates are shown.
5. Enter a PT (and CD) value.
6. Press [ENT] to record the point.
Raw data is also recalculated, based on the taped offset value.
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Measuring angle offsets
1. To enter the angle offset function, press [2] or select Angle in the
Offset menu.
If you have not taken a distance measurement before entering this
function, a temporary measurement screen appears.
2. Sight the target and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
3. To take the angle offset, rotate the alidade and telescope. The
measured distance (HD) remains unchanged.
4. To record the offset point, press [ENT] or the OK softkey.
The XYZ data is also recalculated, based on the new angle.
B
Tip – You can record an angle offset in the Basic Measurement
Screen (BMS). After taking a distance measurement, rotate the alidade and/or telescope. Then
press [ENT] to record the measured distance with the updated angle value. If you use this
method, the dimension of the angle offset is not stored as a CO record. To store the CO record,
use the O/S function.
Two-prism pole
1. To enter the two-prism pole function, press [3] or select 2Prism
Pole in the Offset menu.
2. Sight the first prism and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
3. Sight the second prism and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
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4 – Applications
4. Enter the distance between the second prism and the target point.
Alternatively, if you do not need QA information, you can leave the
distance between the first and the second prism blank.
5. If you do enter a P1-P2 distance, the QA screen appears. Compare
the entered value and the measured distance to check the
accuracy of the observation.
6. To record the point, press [ENT] or the OK softkey.
Sample records
SS,14,0.0000,38.9200,271.0350,89.2630,11:04:15,DITCH
CO,2Prism O/S: P1-P2= 0.5090 (0.5060) P2-Tgt= 0.5020
Note – In this sample data, 0.5090 is the measured value. 0.5060 is the entered value.
Extending a line by horizontal angle offset
1. To enter the line extension (by HA) function, press [4] or select
+Line by HA in the Offset menu.
2. Sight the first prism (or target) and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
The display moves to the next screen.
3. Sight the second prism (or target) and press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
4. Sight the alternative place on the same vertical line as the required
target point.
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4 – Applications
5. To calculate the coordinates and the raw data of the target point, press [ENT].
6. To record the point, enter a PT (and CD) value and press [ENT]. The
height of target is fixed to 0.0000 for the offset point.
Sample records
SS, 40, 0.0000, 48.3304, 169.20370, 82.02470, 10:52:37
CO, PT1, 0.0000, 48.3020,169.19165, 83.58565
CO, PT2, 0.0000, 48.3155,168.54250, 85.42440
CO, O/S MSR:40 0.0000 0.0000 169.20370 87.02340
B
Tip – The calculated point (TGT) is stored as a SS record.
Measurements to the first and second target (P1 and P2) are stored as comment records (PT1
and PT2). The last record records the angle measurement to the ALT (vertically offset point
from the actual target point).
Entering a horizontal distance after an angle-only shot
B
Tip – This function is useful when the instrument is very close to the point and it is difficult to
take a measurement using the EDM.
1. To enter the Input HD function, press [5] or select Input HD in
the Offset menu.
2. Turn the telescope in the direction of the point that you want to
store.
3. Enter the HD. Usually this is the taped distance from the
instrument point.
4. Enter a PT (and CD) value and press [ENT].
The target point is calculated and recorded as an SS record.
Sample records
SS,158,0.0000,77.0518,62.08380,108.06510,11:51:48,
CO, Input HD:76.1243
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4 – Applications
Calculating a corner point
1. To enter the corner point function, press [6] or select Corner in
the Offset menu.
2. Take a distance measurement to the first prism (or target) on the
wall. Press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
3. Sight a second point on the same wall with the first point
measurement. Press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
4. Sight the first point on the second wall. Press [MSR1] or [MSR2].
5. If the two walls are at right angles, press the Calc softkey to
calculate the corner point by three points.
6. If you take a measurement to a fourth point, the corner point can
be calculated as the intersection of two walls (P1-P2 and P3-P4).
The default elevation is given by P4.
7. Enter a PT (and CD) value. The height of target (HT) defaults to the
value used in the last measurement.
8. To record the corner point, press [ENT].
Sample records
SS, 58, 0.0000, 48.3304, 169.19165, 82.02470, 10:52:37, FLOOR2
CO, PT1, 1.0080, 48.3020,169.19165, 83.58565
CO, PT2, 1.0080, 48.3155,128.54250, 85.42440
CO, O/S MSR:40 0.0000 0.0000 169.20370 87.02340
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4 – Applications
B
Tip – The calculated corner point is stored as an SS record. The next three or four comment
records are measured points. For example, CO, Point name (fixed to PT1, PT2 etc.), HT, SD, HA,
VA.
Measuring circle offsets
1. To enter the circle center calculation function, press [7] or select
Circle in the Offset menu.
If you have not taken a measurement to the circle before entering
this function, a temporary measurement screen appears.
2. Sight any point on the surface of the circle and press [MSR1] or
[MSR2].
B
Tip – If you use a prism attached to the surface of the circle for
the distance measurement, press the +SD softkey to eliminate
the offset error (from the attached point to the measured
surface of the prism) before you press [ENT].
3. Sight one edge of the circle and press [ENT].
B
Tip – If you have taken a distance measurement to the center of
the circle, press the Calc softkey to calculate the offset using
one edge angle observation.
4. Sight the other edge of the circle and press [ENT].
The instrument calculates and records the center of the circle.
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4 – Applications
It also calculates the coordinates of the center point and the radius
of the circle.
5. To record the point, press [ENT] or the OK softkey.
Sample records
SS,71,1.5000,37.0518,32.08380,81.06510,11:51:48,
CO, PT1, 0.0000, 0.0000,47.05350, 83.58560
CO, PT2, 0.0000, 0.0000, 29.53010, 83.58560
CO,O/S MSR:71 1.5555 36.5418 38.28360 81.06510
CO,Radius of circle 0.356
CO,Input +SD:0.0020
B
Tip – The calculated point (center of the circle) is stored as an SS record.
The following one or two comment records are angle-measured points. For example, CO, Point
name (fixed to PT1/ PT2), HT(0.0000), SD(0.0000), HA, VA.
If you press the +SD softkey before you sight Edge1, the input value is recorded at the end.
Extending the slope distance
1. To enter the function for extending the slope distance, press [8] or
select Input dSD in the Offset menu.
If you have not taken a distance measurement before entering this
function, a temporary measurement screen appears.
2. Enter the slope distance that you need to add or subtract. You can
enter any value from
–99.990 through +99.990 m (–328.000 through +328.000 ft).
3. To record the point, press [ENT].
Sample records
SS,83,1.5000,77.0518,62.08380,81.06510,11:51:48,
CO,O/S MSR:83 1.5555 76.5518 62.08380 81.06510
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CHAPTER
5
Menu Key
5
In this chapter:

Introduction
Use the MENU screen to access functions and
settings.

Job Manager

Cogo

Settings

Data

Communication

1sec-Keys

Calibration

Time

Removable memory (USB memory)
To display the MENU screen, press the [Menu] key.
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5 – Menu Key
Introduction
Use the MENU screen to access important functions and settings.
To display the MENU screen, press the [MENU] key.
Job Manager
Use the job manager to open, create, delete, and manage jobs. To
open the Job Manager, press [1] or select Job on the MENU screen.
If there are jobs stored on the instrument, the job list appears,
showing all the stored jobs. The newest job appears at the top of the
list.
If there are no jobs stored, the Create Job screen appears. See Creating a new job, page 106.
Opening an existing job
The job list shows all the jobs stored on the instrument, in
descending date order.
The following symbols may be used to provide extra information
about jobs:
Symbol
Meaning
*
Current job.
@
Control job.
!
Some of the job settings are different from the current job.
?
Job was created in an older DB. Older files cannot be opened in version 1.10 or later of the
software.
Press [^] or [v] to move up or down the job list. Press [ENT] to open the highlighted job.
When you open a job, all job settings are automatically changed to match those used in the open job.
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5 – Menu Key
Creating a new job
1. Press the Creat softkey in the job list.
2. Enter a job name of up to eight characters. Press [ENT].
3. Do one of the following:
–
To check the job settings, press the Sett softkey.
–
To create a new job using the current job settings, press [ENT] or
the OK softkey.
Job settings
The following settings are set when a job is created, and cannot be changed. This ensures that the
data in a job is correctly stored in the database, and that all necessary corrections are applied when
you store each record
Scale Factor
0.999600 to 1.000400
T-P correction
ON/OFF
Sea Level
ON/OFF
C&R correction
OFF/0.132/0.200
Angle unit
DEG/GON/MIL
Distance unit
Metre/US-Ft/I-Ft
Temp unit
°C/°F
Press unit
hPa/mmHg/inHg
B
Tip – If you select US-Ft or I-Ft, an additional settings screen
appears. Use this screen to specify whether to display values in
Decimal-Ft or Ft-Inch.
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5 – Menu Key
VA zero
Zenith/Horizon/Compass
AZ zero
North/South
Order
NEZ/ENZ
HA
Azimuth/0 to BS
To move between fields, press [^] or [v]. Alternatively, to move to the next field, press [ENT].
To change the setting in the selected field, press [<] or [>].
To confirm the job settings and create the job, press [ENT] in the last field (HA).
These settings are separate from other temporary settings.
Deleting a job
B
Tip – There is no undelete function in the Job Manager. Before you press [ENT] or select DEL,
make sure that the selected job is the one that you want to delete.
1. In the job list, highlight the job that you want to delete.
2. Press the DEL softkey. A confirmation screen appears.
3. Do one of the following:
–
To delete the selected job, press [ENT] or the DEL softkey.
–
To cancel the deletion and return to the previous screen, press
[ESC] or the Abrt softkey.
After you delete a job, the display returns to the job list.
Setting the control job
If you search for a point when a control job is specified, and the system cannot find the point in the
current job, the control job is also searched. If the point is found in the control job, it is copied to the
current job as a UP record.
A control job has the same format as a standard job. You can open and modify it like any other job,
and you can use it to record any measured data.
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5 – Menu Key
To set the control job:
1. Highlight the job that you want to use.
2. Press the FNC softkey. The FNC screen appears.
3. Press [1]. The Control Job screen appears.
4. Do one of the following:
–
To set the selected job as the control job, press [ENT] or the
Yes softkey.
–
To cancel the process, press [ESC] or the No softkey.
B
Tip – If a control job is already assigned, the newly assigned
control job replaces it as the control job.
To clear the control job selected, highlight the current control
job in the job list and press the Ctrl softkey. Then press [ENT]
or the Yes softkey to confirm.
Displaying job Information
To display job information, highlight the job name and then press the
Info softkey.
The Information screen shows the number of records in the job, the
free space, and the date when the job was created. Free space
indicates how many points can be stored in the job.
To return to the job list, press any key.
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5 – Menu Key
Importing a job
To import a job from a USB memory stick to the instrument:
1. In the Job Manager screen, press the FNC softkey. The FNC screen
appears.
2. Press [2] or press [v] to select Import Job (USB->Inst.) and then press
[ENT]. The USB Memory (Job) screen appears.
This screen displays the job list from the detachable memory.
Note – To change the way in which the list is ordered (job name or
created date), select the DSP softkey.
3. Press [v] to move the cursor to the job that you want to copy and
then press [ENT].
4. Verify the job name and then press the YES softkey to copy the
job to the instrument. If the job contains a lot of records, the
process may take a long time. A progress bar appears.
Select No to cancel the process.
5. When the job has been copied, do one of the following:
–
To start working on the job immediately, press YES.
–
To return to the menu screen, press Abrt.
Exporting a job
If you want to keep a job file for future use, you can export the file to a USB memory stick:
1. In the Job Manager screen, select the job that you want to export
to the external memory device.
2. Press the FNC softkey. The FNC screen appears.
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5 – Menu Key
3. Press [3] or press [v] to select Export Job (Inst-> USB) and then press
[ENT]. The Export Job screen appears.
4. Verify the job name and then press the YES softkey to copy the
job to the memory storage device. If the job contains a lot of
records, the process may take a long time. A progress bar appears.
Select No to cancel the process.
C
CAUTION – Do not remove the external memory device (USB memory stick) while the
progress bar is displayed.
5. When the job export is completed, the Delete JOB screen appears.
Do one of the following:
–
To delete the job, press DEL.
–
To cancel the process, press Abrt.
Cogo
Use the Cogo menu to perform coordinate geometry (COGO)
calculations. You can access this menu at any time from any
observation or PT input screen.
To open the Cogo menu, press [2] or select Cogo on the MENU screen.
Calculating angle and distance between two coordinates
To open the Inverse menu, press [1] or select Inverse in the Cogo menu.
PT-PT inverse
PT-PT calculates the distance and the angle between two input points.
To calculate a PT-PT inverse:
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5 – Menu Key
1. Press [1] or select PT-PT in the Inverse menu.
2. Enter the first point number or name. Press [ENT].
Tip – If you press [ENT] without entering a point name, a
coordinate input screen appears, and you can enter
coordinates. These coordinates are not stored to the database. If you want to store the point,
specify a new point name.
B
3. Type the second point number/name and press [ENT]. The MSR
softkey allows you to shoot the point on the spot to use it in the
calculation.
The azimuth, horizontal distance, and vertical distance from the
first point to the second point are displayed.
4. Do one of the following:
–
To return to the PT input screen, press [ESC].
–
To return to the COGO menu, press [ENT].
–
To change the contents of the result screen, press [DSP].
Gd
Grade (HD/VD)
V%
100/Gd
rSD
Slope distance PT1 to PT2
3Pt angle
The 3Pt Angle function calculates the angle between two lines defined
by three points.
To calculate a 3Pt angle:
1. Press [2] or select 3Pt Angle in the Inverse menu.
P1 is the base point. Two lines are to be defined by P2 and P3, both
from P1.
2. Enter the point name, or use the MSR softkey to take a
measurement to the point.
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5 – Menu Key
3. Enter the second point (P2) to define the baseline (P1-P2). The
angle (dHA) is measured from the baseline.
4. Enter the third point (P3) to define the second line (P1-P3).
B
Tip – When you press the MSR softkey, a temporary measuring
screen appears. Sight the target and press [MSR1] or [MSR2] to
take a measurement. After the measurement, a recording point
screen appears. To store the measured point, enter the PT, HT,
and CD values and press [ENT]. To use the point without
recording it, press [ESC].
When you have entered three points, the instrument calculates
the angle and distances.
5. Do one of the following:
–
To return to the Inverse menu, press [ENT].
–
To return to the Input BasePt screen, press [ESC].
Calculating and manually inputting coordinates
To enter the Input menu, press [2] or select Input in the Cogo menu.
There are three functions in this menu for recording new coordinate
points.
Azimuth+HD input
To calculate a coordinate by an angle and distance input from the base
point (P1), press [1] or select AZ+HD in the Input menu.
Enter the base point (P1). Type the point name and press [ENT].
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5 – Menu Key
Enter the azimuth, horizontal distance, and vertical distance. Then
press [ENT].
To enter 123°45'45", type 123.4545 and press [ENT].
If you do not enter a value in the dVD field, the value 0.000 is used.
A recording point screen with the calculated coordinates appears. PT
defaults to the last recorded PT + 1.
Press [ENT] to store the point.
Traverse
To open the Traverse (2Pt Angle) function, press [2] or select
Traverse in the Input menu.
Traverse function calculates a new point based on the two defined
points and angle, horizontal and vertical distances from the line
defined by those two points.
To enter P1 and P2, enter point names or take measurements to
targets.
Enter the plus-minus angle, horizontal distance, and vertical distance
from the baseline defined by P1-P2.
If you do not enter a value in the dVD field, the value 0.000 is used.
When you press [ENT] in the dVD field, a new point is calculated. The PT
name defaults to the last recorded PT + 1.
To record the new point and return to the point input screen, press
[ENT].
P1 (base PT) defaults to the previously recorded PT. P2 defaults to the
previous P1.
B
Tip – To continuously calculate a new point, enter +Ang, HD, and
dVD from the previous bearing line. This is a convenient way to
enter Traverse points.
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5 – Menu Key
Entering coordinates
To manually enter the XYZ coordinates, press [3] or select Input
XYZ in the Input menu.
The PT name defaults to the last recorded PT + 1.
Enter the coordinates using the numeric keys. To move to the next
field, press [ENT] or [v] in a field
To store the point as an MP record and return to the point input
screen, press [ENT] in the Z field. The default PT is incremented to the
next value.
B
Tip – You can record NE, NEZ, or Z-only data to the database.
Calculating area and perimeter
To calculate an area or perimeter, press [3] or select Area & Perim
in the Cogo menu.
To take a measurement, enter the first point and press [ENT], or press
the MSR softkey.
In the upper right corner of the screen, a counter indicates how many
points you have entered.
To input point numbers consecutively, use the Fr/To softkey. For
more information, see Advanced feature: Entering a range of points,
page 115.
If you enter a new point name, you can enter new coordinates and
record the point. If you do not want to record the point, press [ENT]
without entering a value in the PT field. An XY coordinate input screen
appears.
Continue to enter points until you have defined all the points in the
lot. Then, press [v] to calculate the area and perimeter.
B
Tip – The first and last points that you enter are joined to close
the area. You must enter the points in the order in which they
define the lot. You can enter up to 99 points.
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5 – Menu Key
Press [ENT] to store the calculated values as a a comment record, or
press [ESC] to return to the Cogo menu.
If you chose to store the area, enter a name to identify the area and
then press [ENT].
B
Tip – When you download data in Nikon RAW format, area (AR)
records are output as comment (CO) records.
Advanced feature: Entering a range of points
To quickly enter a sequential range of points, use the range input
function. To access this function, press the Fr/To softkey in the No.
01 or No. 02 input screens.
Enter the start point name in the Fr field and the end point name in
the To field. You can include letters and hyphens in the point names,
but the last character must be numeric.
Press [ENT] in To field to start searching for matching points. The
counter shows the number of matching points found.
When the search is complete, you are returned to the Input PT screen.
Press the Calc softkey to calculate the area and perimeter, or enter
point names in the PT field.
Press [ESC] to return to the Input PT screen with the preceding point
name.
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5 – Menu Key
Calculating coordinates from line and offset
To enter the Line & offset function, press [4] or select Line & O/S in the Cogo menu.
Enter the base point (P1).
Specify the azimuth bearing. To do this, enter a value in the AZ or P2
field. P2 is a second point on the line.
Enter the horizontal distance along the baseline (Sta), the horizontal
distance perpendicular to the line (O/S), and the vertical distance
(dVD).
B
Tip – A negative value in the Sta field means the
opposite direction along the defined bearing line. A
negative value in the O/S field is for the left-hand side of
the bearing line.
To calculate the coordinates of the point (PM), press [ENT] in the
dVD field. You can change the Z coordinate here.
To record the point, press [ENT] in the CD field.
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5 – Menu Key
The coordinates are stored as a CC record. Line definition information
and Sta, O/S, and dVD values are stored in comment (CO) records.
Calculating coordinates using intersection functions
To enter the Intersection menu, press [3] or select Intersection in the Cogo menu. There are
four functions in this menu for calculating coordinates.
Calculating a bearing-bearing intersection
A bearing-bearing intersection is the intersection point of two lines.
1. To calculate a bearing-bearing intersection, press [1] or select
Brng-Brng in the Intersection menu.
2. Enter the first point name and press [ENT]. Alternatively, to measure
directly to the point, press the MSR softkey.
3. Define the first line by azimuth.
4. To define the line by two points, press the Pts softkey. The Fr
field defaults to the P1 point, but you can change the selected
point. In the To field, enter or measure to the second point.
For more information about the O/S softkey, see Advanced
feature: Entering angle and distance offsets, page 121.
5. Do one of the following:
–
To return to the previous screen, press [ESC]. The calculated value appears in the AZ field.
–
To go to the next screen, press [ENT].
6. Define the second line by two points or by P2 and AZ.
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5 – Menu Key
7. To calculate the coordinates of the intersection point, press [ENT] in
the AZ field.
The calculated coordinates are displayed. You can input a Z
coordinate if necessary.
8. Enter a value in the PT field and in the CD field.
9. To record the point, press [ENT].
Sample records
CO,Int BB P1:P10 AZ:330.54175-90.00000
CO, P2:408 AZ:100.0000+0.0000
CC,A123,,4567.3080,200.1467,-1.2056,POT
Calculating a bearing-distance intersection
1. Press [2] or select Brng-Dist in the Intersection menu.
Brng-Dist calculates the intersection point formed by one line and
one distance (radius).
2. Enter a point on the line.
The line can be defined by two points or by a point and an
azimuth.
3. Enter the second point (P2) as the center of the circle.
4. Enter the distance from P2.
–
To define the distance (HD) by two points, press the Pts
softkey.
–
To calculate the coordinates of the intersection point, press
[ENT] in the HD field.
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5 – Menu Key
5. If there are two results, the first solution appears graphically
relative to the P1-P2 line. To display the second solution, press [<]
or [>].
6. To record the point, press [ENT] when the required solution appears.
7. Enter a Z coordinate if necessary.
8. To move to the PT and CD fields, press [ENT].
Sample records
CO,Int BD P1:4672 AZ:330.54175+0.00000
CO, P2:71 HD:100.0000
CC,504,,-839.3065,347.6682,,SIGN
Calculating a distance-distance intersection
1. Press [3] or select Dist-Dist in the Intersection menu.
2. Enter the first point name and press [ENT], or press the MSR softkey
to measure directly to the point.
3. Enter the distance from P1 and press [ENT].
4. To define the distance (HD) by two points, press the Pts softkey.
5. Enter P2 and the distance from P2 (HD).
6. To calculate the coordinates of the intersection point, press [ENT] in
the HD field.
7. Press [<] or [>] to display the second solution.
8. To record the point, press [ENT] when the required solution appears.
9. Enter a Z coordinate if necessary. Press [ENT] to move to the PT and
CD fields.
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5 – Menu Key
Sample records
CO,Int DD P1:486 HD:330.6020
CO, P2:7 HD:100.0000
CC,505,,236.5817,50.0461,0.0000,
Calculating a point-line intersection
1. Press [4] or select Pt-Line in the Intersection menu.
2. Enter the first point name and press [ENT], or press the MSR softkey
to measure directly to the point.
3. Enter the azimuth, or press the Pts softkey to enter another
point name on the line.
4. Enter the perpendicular point to the line, or press the MSR softkey
to take a measurement to the point.
5. To calculate the coordinates of the intersection point, press [ENT].
If P1 and P2 are 3D points, the Z coordinate of the perpendicular
point is calculated relative to the P1-P2 slope.
6. Enter PT and CD then press [ENT] to record the point.
Sample records
CO,Int PtLine P1:38 AZ:90.00000+0.00000
CO, P2:506
CC,A-123,,4567.3080,200.1467,-1.2056,POT
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5 – Menu Key
Advanced feature: Entering angle and distance offsets
To display the offset input screen, press the O/S softkey.
In the Ang field, enter a positive value to rotate the line clockwise.
Enter a negative value to rotate the line counterclockwise.
In the O/S field, enter a positive value to specify an offset to the right. Enter a negative value to
specify an offset to the left.
Settings
To display the Settings menu, press [2] or select Settings on the
MENU screen.
Use this menu to configure the initial job settings.
B
Tip – Some job settings, specified in the following sections,
cannot be changed once a job is created. If any of these settings
are changed while a job is open, a confirmation screen appears,
asking you to create a new job with the new settings, or to work
with those settings without recording any data. For more
information, see Settings, page 189.
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5 – Menu Key
Angle
To open the Angle menu, press [1] or select Angle in the Settings
menu.
VA zero
B
Zenith/Horizon/Compass
Tip – The VA zero job setting cannot be changed once a job is
created.
Resolution
1"/5"/10" or 0.2 mgon/1 mgon/2 mgon
HA
0 to BS/Azimuth
B
Tip – The HA job setting cannot be changed once a job is created.When this field is set to
Azimuth, the horizontal angle (HA) that appears and recorded is in Azimuth value. When this
field is set to 0 to BS, HA is in HA zero to BS value.
Distance
To open the Distance menu, press [2] or select Distance in the Settings menu
Scale
Numeric value between 0.999600 and 1.000400
T-P corr.
ON/OFF
Sea Level ON/OFF
C&R corr. OFF/0.132/0.200
B
Tip – The Scale, T-P corr., Sea Level, and C&R corr. job settings cannot be changed once a job is
created.
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5 – Menu Key
Temperature and Pressure corrections
10000.0
106 × P ×  ---------------------------------------------
 13.5951 × 980.665
K = 275 – --------------------------------------------------------------------------273 + T
K
SD' =  1 + --------------------- × SD

1000000
SD
Slope dist. (before adj.)
SD'
Slope dist. (after adj.)
K
Compensation coefficient
P
Pressure (hPa)
T
Temperature (°C)
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5 – Menu Key
Sea Level correction
HD × R e
HD' = -----------------------R e + Z STN
HD
Horizontal dist. (before adj.)
HD'
Horizontal dist. (after adj.)
ZSTN
Instrument-Z
Re
6370 km
Curvature and Refraction correction
Because the surface of the earth is curved, the vertical difference (VD and Z) at the measurement
point, as referenced to the horizontal plane, inevitably includes some error. This error is called
curvature error. Also, because the density of the air surrounding the earth decreases with altitude,
light is refracted at different rates at different altitudes. The error caused by this change in refraction
is called refraction error.
Curvature error (A A')
Refraction error (A A1')
A' Horizontal
P
A1'
direction
A
A1
O
A'
P
HD
Horizontal dist. (before adj.)
HD’
Horizontal dist. (after adj.)
VD
Vertical dist. (before adj.)
VD'
Vertical dist. (after adj.)
SD
Slope distance
VA
Vertical angle
Re
6370 km
k
C&R constant (0.132 or 0.200)
2
SD sin ( 2VA )  1 – k---
HD' = HD – ----------------------------------
2
2R e
2
HD
VD' = VD + ----------- ( 1 – k )
2R e
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5 – Menu Key
Coordinate
To open the Coordinate menu, press [3] or select Coord. in the
Settings menu.
Order
NEZ/ENZ
Label
XYZ/YXZ/NEZ(ENZ)
AZ
North/South
B
Tip – The Order and AZ job settings cannot be changed once a job is created.
Power saving
To open the Power Save menu, press [4] or select PwrSave in the
Settings menu.
Main Unit OFF/5min/10min/30min
EDM Unit OFF/At once/0.1min/0.5min/3min/10min
Sleep
OFF/1min/3min/5min
Communications
To open the Communication menu, press [5] or select Comm. in the
Settings menu.
Ext.Comm
NIKON/SET
Port
Serial/Bluetooth
Baud
1200/2400/4800/9600/19200/38400 bps
Length
7/8
Parity
EVEN/ODD/NONE
Stop bit
1/2
Stakeout
Press [6] or select Stakeout in the Settings menu to open the
Stakeout menu.
Add PT
B
Integer between 1 and 999,999
Tip – This field sets the default point number to record observed
data in stakeout.
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5 – Menu Key
Unit
To open the Unit menu, press [7] or select Unit in the Settings menu.
Angle
DEG (Degree)
GON (GON)
MIL (Mil6400)
Distance
Meter/US-Ft/I-F
B
Tip – If you select US-Ft or I-Ft, an additional settings screen
appears. Use this screen to specify whether to display values in
Decimal-Ft or
Ft-Inch.
Temp
°C (Celsius)
°F (Fahrenheit)
Press
hPa/mmHg/inHg
B
Tip – The Angle, Distance, Temp, and Press job settings cannot be changed once a job is
created.
Recording
To open the Rec menu, press [8] or select Angle in the Settings menu.
Store DB
RAW/XYZ/RAW+XYZ
This setting determines whether raw and/or coordinate data is
stored when you record SS, CP, or SO records in the Basic
Measurement Screen (BMS) or Stakeout screen.
Data Rec
Internal/COM
Set this field to COM to output data on the COM port when you
press [ENT] in the BMS or a Stakeout screen. The data is not
stored to the job file. For more information, see Outputting data
to the COM port, page 96
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5 – Menu Key
Others settings
To open the Others menu, press [9] or select Others in the Settings
menu.
XYZ disp
Fast/Norm/Slow/+ENT
Defines speed to move to the next screen after showing XYZ of
the input PT
2nd Unit
None/Meter/US-Ft/I-Ft
When the Secondary unit is set to a unit, an extra display screen
is available in the BMS, stakeout observation screens, and 2-pt
reference line screens. The extra screen shows the HD, VD, and
SD in the secondary unit.
B
Tip – If you select US-Ft or I-Ft, an additional settings screen
appears. Use this screen to specify whether to display values in
Decimal-Ft or Ft-Inch.
Split ST
B
No/Yes
Select Yes to separate the point numbers of station points from
other record type point numbers
Tip – If you set the Split ST field to Yes, an additional setting
screen appears. Use this screen to specify the starting ST
number.
CD Input
ABC/123
Sets the default input mode when a CD field appears.
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5 – Menu Key
Language
Select a language from the list.
Press [<] / [>] to open the select language screen.
Press [^] / [v] to move the cursor to the desired language, and
press [ENT] to select it.
Reboot confirmation screen appears.
Press [ENT] and re-start the instrument, and the selected
language will be available.
Owner’s
Detail
Up to 20 characters.
Enter your name or the name of your company. If you enter a
value in this field, it appears at start-up.
B
Tip – To provide easier configuration for common regional settings, you can quickly configure
the Nikon total station to a pre-set combination of default regional settings. For more
information, see Regional configuration, page 53.
B
Tip – The Nikon total station supports up to 9 languages on the instrument. For more
information on changing the language settings, see page 128.
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5 – Menu Key
Data
Use the Data menu to view or edit records. To display the Data menu,
press [4] on the MENU screen.
Viewing records
B
Tip – You can view data at any time, even in an observation screen or while entering points.
Viewing raw data
To show the raw data records in a list, press [1] on the Data menu
screen.
When you first view the raw data, the last four raw records in the
current job are displayed. Use [^] or [v] to scroll through the records.
To see detailed information for the selected records, press [ENT].
To return to the record list, press [ESC].
SS, CP, F1 records
Raw SS, CP and F1 records contain PT, HT, CD, HA, VA, and SD fields.
SS records are sideshots (topo shots). All shots from the Basic Measurement Screen (BMS) are stored
as SS records.
CP records are shots taken in the Angle or Repeat menus, or in the BMS. For more information, see
Recording a foresight point after repeat angle measurement, page 66, and Recording data from any
observation screen, page 95.
When the Store DB setting is set to RAW+XYZ, press [DSP] to switch between the first screen (showing
HA, VA, SD, PT, and HT) and the second screen (showing X, Y, Z, PT, and CD).
Coordinates are not available in F1 records.
When you take more than one measurement to the same point and choose to overwrite the XYZ
data, the old raw record becomes raw data only. As a result, only one SS(RAW) record keeps its
corresponding SS(XYZ) record. Other SS(RAW) records to the same point no longer have coordinates
available.
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5 – Menu Key
ST records
ST (station) records contain ST, HI, BS, and AZ fields.
Press [DSP] to switch between the first screen (showing ST, HI, BS, and AZ) and the second screen
(showing X, Y, Z, PT, and CD).
When you assign a new ST point name in MENU > Stn Setup > Quick, the coordinates of
the station is recorded as (0, 0, 0).
SO records
SO records are stakeout shots. These are shots recorded in stakeout functions.
When the Store DB setting is set to RAW+XYZ, press [DSP] to switch between the first screen (showing
HA, VA, SD, PT, and HT), the second screen (showing X, Y, Z, PT, and CD), and the third screen
(showing dX, dY, dZ, PT, and CD).
The dX, dY, and dZ fields store the difference between the stakeout shot’s actual position and its
planned position. These fields are downloaded as comment records in Nikon RAW format.
CO records
A CO record is a comment added to the job from the system.
For example, when you change the Stn-Z using the Remote Benchmark
function, or you reset the horizontal angle using the BSCheck function,
the system writes a comment record.
When you input a Stn-XYZ by Base-XYZ function, the recorded station
appears as a comment record.
SY records
When you complete a station setup, a SY record is stored. This record
contains the Temperature, Pressure, and Prism Constant values.
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5 – Menu Key
RM records
When you record measurements in RDM (Cont) or RDM (Rad), they
are labeled as RM records.
Each RM record consists of two screens.
Press [DSP] to switch between the first screen (showing From, To, rHD,
and rVD) and the second screen (showing rAZ, rSD, rV%, and rGD).
When you download data in Nikon RAW format, RM records are
output as comment (CO) records.
AR records
An AR record stores an area and perimeter calculation.
When you download data in Nikon RAW format, AR records are output
as comment (CO) records.
View coordinate data
When you press [2] or select XYZ data in the Data menu, coordinate
data appears in a list, with the newest record at the bottom of the
screen. Use [^] or [v] to scroll through the records. Use [<] or [>] to move
up or down one page.
Press [ENT] to see more detailed information about the selected record.
B
Tip – The header (XYZ,YXZ,NEZ, or ENZ) depends on the Coord.
Label setting in MENU > Settings > Coord. For more
information, see Coordinate, page 125.
UP, MP, CC, and RE records
All coordinate records contain PT, CD, X, Y, and Z fields.
UP records are uploaded point coordinates. MP records are manually input point coordinates. CC
records are points calculated in Cogo, and RE records are points calculated in Resection.
When the Store data setting is set to RAW+XYZ or to XYZ, shots in the BMS (SS records), in various
O/S functions (SS records), in 2Pt-RefLine and Arc-RefLine in PRG (SS records) and in some Stakeout
functions (SO records) store coordinate records as well. The format of the data is the same as other
coordinate records.
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5 – Menu Key
View records by station
To view records by station, press [3] or select ST->SS/SO/CP in the
Data menu.
A list of all stations appears.
Use [^] or [v] to highlight the station name that you want to view. Use [<]
or [>] to move up or down one page.
To view detailed information about the selected station, press [ENT].
To display all the observation data from the selected station in
chronological order, press [ENT] again.
B
Tip – Detailed data is as for raw data. For detailed information
about each point type and format, see Viewing raw data,
page 129.
Deleting records
Deleting raw records
In the RAW screen, use [^] or [v] to highlight the record that you want to
delete. Then press the DEL softkey.
A confirmation screen appears. To delete the selected record, press
[ENT] or the Yes softkey.
B
Tip – If the Store DB setting is set to Both, the system also
deletes the corresponding coordinate data when you delete an
SS, SO, or CP record.
You can also delete raw data by pressing the DEL softkey in the
detailed display screen for the record.
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5 – Menu Key
Deleting coordinate records
In the XYZ screen, use [^] or [v] to highlight the record that you want to
delete. Then press the DEL softkey.
A confirmation screen appears.
To delete the selected record, press [ENT] or the Yes softkey.
To cancel the deletion of data, press [ESC] or the No softkey.
B
Tip – You can also delete coordinate data by pressing the DEL
softkey in the detailed display screen for the record.
B
Tip – If the record that you want to delete is referred by an ST
record, a confirmation message appears.
Deleting station records
In the Station screen, use [^] or [v] to highlight the record that you want
to delete. Then press the DEL softkey.
A confirmation screen appears.
Press [ENT] or the Yes softkey to delete the selected record.
A reconfirmation screen appears. Press the DEL softkey to confirm
deletion.
There is no undelete function on the instrument. Before you press the
DEL softkey, make sure that you have selected the correct station
record. You cannot press [ENT] in this screen.
All observations from the station that you selected are deleted.
B
Tip – When you delete a ST record in the raw data view or the
station data view, all the observation data from the station is
also deleted.
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5 – Menu Key
Editing records
For any point record, you can edit the point name (PT), feature code (CD), height of target (HT),
height of instrument (HI), backsight point (BS), and backsight azimuth (AZ).
B
Tip – You cannot edit the CD field for SO or F1 records. You cannot edit the HA, VA, or SD
values.
Editing raw records
1. Do one of the following:
–
In the RAW screen, highlight the record that you want to edit.
Then press the Edit softkey.
–
In the detailed data screen, press the Edit softkey.
2. Use [^] or [v] to highlight a field. Then modify the value in the
selected field.
B
Tip – When you change the HT of an SS, SO, or CP measurement
record, its Z coordinate is recalculated.
3. When you press [ENT] on the last line of the edit screen, a
confirmation screen appears.
4. Do one of the following:
–
To accept the changes and return to the data view screen,
press [ENT] or the Yes softkey.
–
To return to the edit screen, press [ESC] or the No softkey.
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5 – Menu Key
Editing coordinate records
You can edit PT, CD, and coordinate values in coordinate records.
B
Tip – You cannot edit the coordinate record for the current station.
1. Do one of the following:
–
In the XYZ screen, use [^] or [v] to highlight the record that you
want to edit. Then press the Edit softkey.
–
In the detailed data screen, press the Edit softkey.
2. Use [^] or [v] to highlight a field. Then modify the value in the
selected field.
3. To finish editing, press [ENT] in the CD field.
A confirmation screen appears.
4. Do one of the following:
–
To accept the changes and return to the data view screen,
press [ENT] or the Yes softkey.
–
To go back to the edit screen, press [ESC] or the No softkey.
Editing station records
Note – The system will not recalculate measurements if you change the station record. All coordinate
and raw data observed from an edited station record must be recalculated in your postprocessing
software.
In the RAW screen, use [^] or [v] to highlight the station record that you
want to edit. Then press the Edit softkey.
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5 – Menu Key
You can edit any field in the ST record, but the instrument does not
recalculate any measurements from this station.
Press [ENT] in the AZ field to confirm the change.
B
Tip – If you change the ST or HI values, the coordinates of
observation points are not recalculated. A comment record is
stored to record the change. The following example shows a
comment record for a changed HI value:
CO,HI changed at ST:9012 Old HI= 1.345m
If you change the BS or AZ values, raw records are not recalculated. A comment record is
stored to record the change.
Searching records
You can search for records by their type, point name, code, or by any combination of these values.
Searching raw records
In the RAW screen, press the Srch softkey to access the raw data
search function.
To find a point by name, enter the name in the PT field and press [ENT]
twice.
You can use the asterisk (*) as a wildcard. For example, when you
enter 30* in the PT field, the search matches the points named 300,
301, 302, 3000A2, and 3010.
B
Tip – To search by point type, move to the Type field and use [<]
or [>] to change the selected point type. The options are ALL, ST,
SS, SO, CP, CO, CO(SY), and CO(RDM).
B
Tip – If you selected ST, SO or F1 in the Type field, you do not
have to enter a value in the CD field. Press [ENT] in the PT field to
start the search.
If you selected CO, CO(SY), or CO(RDM) in the Type field, you
cannot enter a value in the PT or CD fields. Press [ENT] in the
Type field to start the search.
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5 – Menu Key
If more than one point matches the search criteria, the matching
points are displayed in a list.
Use [^] or [v] to highlight the point you want to use. Then press [ENT] to
select it.
Detailed data for the selected record appears. Press the DSP softkey
to change the fields shown.
Press [ESC] to return to the list.
B
Tip – If no point matches the specified criteria, an error screen
appears. Press any key to return to the data screen.
Searching coordinate records
In the XYZ screen, press the Srch softkey to access the XYZ data
search function.
To find a coordinate by name, enter the name in the PT field and press
[ENT] twice.
You can use the asterisk (*) as a wildcard. For example, when you
enter 500* in the PT field, the search matches the points named 500,
500-1, 500-A, and 5000.
B
Tip – To search by point type, move to the Type field and use [<]
or [>] to change the selected point type. The options are ALL,
MP, UP, CC, and RE.
If more than one point matches the search criteria, the matching
points are displayed in a list.
Use [^] or [v] to highlight the point you want to use. Press [ENT] to select
it.
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5 – Menu Key
Detailed data for the selected record appears. Press the DSP softkey
to change the fields shown.
Press [ESC] to return to the list.
B
Tip – If no point matches the specified criteria, an error screen
appears. Press any key to return to the data screen.
Entering coordinates
In the XYZ screen, press the Input softkey to display a new input
point screen.
The PT field defaults to the last recorded PT + 1, but you can change
the value shown.
Enter the PT and CD and then press [ENT] to enter coordinates.
Use the numeric keys to enter the coordinates. Press [ENT] or [v] in each
field to move to the next field.
When you press [ENT] in the CD field, the point is stored as an MP
record.
After you have recording a point, the next point input screen is shown
with the updated default PT.
B
Tip – You can record NE, NEZ, or Z-only data to the database.
Point name list and code list
The instrument stores two list files: a list of PT names and a list of CD names. The structure and
functionality of these files is the same.
•
The PT name list is useful if you have to handle more than one patterns of point names in the
field. For example, you may need to use points named 1, 2, 3 …, as well as points named A1, A2,
A3 ….
•
The code list is a prepared list of feature codes. You can use it to store your own codes.
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5 – Menu Key
Press [4] or select PT name List in the Data menu to open the
point name list.
Press [5] or select Code list to open the code list.
The point or code names and layers are shown in alphabetic order. Use
the four softkeys to customize the list.
B
Tip – You can store up to 254 points, codes, or layers in each list.
Each list entry can be up to 16 characters long. You can use the
first character search to find a point, code, or layer in the list. In
the list screen, enter the first character of the name you want to
find to jump to that part of the list. For more information, see
Advanced feature: Searching for a code using the first character,
page 59.
Deleting points, codes, or layers
In the point or code list, use [^] or [v] to highlight the item you want to
delete. Then press the DEL softkey.
A confirmation screen appears. Press [ENT] or the Yes softkey to delete
the item.
Press [ESC] or the No softkey to cancel the deletion.
B
Tip – To delete a whole layer, highlight the layer name in the list
and press the DEL softkey. All codes and layers in the selected
layer are deleted.
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5 – Menu Key
Editing an item in the point list or code list
Use [^] or [v] to highlight the item that you want to edit. Then press the
Edit softkey.
An editing screen appears. For points, the Edit Item screen appears. It
contains only the PT field. For codes, the Edit Code screen appears,
containing the CD field and the REC field.
Edit the text shown and then press [ENT].
A confirmation screen appears. Press [ENT] or the Yes softkey to
accept the changes and update the list.
B
Tip – Edit code list. The Edit Code screen has two fields:
- The CD field contains the text that appears in the list screen.
- The REC field is optional. It contains the text that is stored in
the job. If you leave the REC field blank, the value in the CD field
is used.
B
Tip – You can use the REC field to use familiar words or codes on
the screen, but store a numeric code in the job. For example, if
you set the CD field to MANHOLE and the REC field to 1155, the
text MANHOLE appears on the screen, but the code 1155 is
stored.
B
Tip – If you press the Edit softkey when a layer name appears,
only the Lyr field appears. To save changes to the layer name,
press [ENT] in the Lyr field.
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5 – Menu Key
Adding a point name
In the point list, press the Add softkey to add a new point name to the
current layer.
Enter a new point name and then press [ENT].
The point name is added to the current layer and the list is updated.
Adding a code
In the code list, press the Add softkey to add a new feature code to
the current layer.
Enter the feature code in the CD field. Press [MODE] to change between
alphabetic and numeric input mode.
You can use the REC field to define a numeric identifier for each
feature code. This is optional: If there is a value in the REC field, this
value is stored. If you leave the REC field blank, the CD value is stored.
Press [ENT] to add the new code and update the code list.
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5 – Menu Key
Adding a layer
1. In the point or code list, press the Layer softkey.
2. Enter the name of the new layer.
3. To change between alphabetic and numeric input mode, press
[MODE]. To store the new layer, press [ENT].
The new layer is added to the list in alphabetic order.
Communication
Use the Communication menu to download or upload data. To display
the Communication menu, press [5] or select Comm. on the MENU
screen.
Downloading data
To go to the download settings screen, press [1] or select Download
in the Communication menu.
Format
NIKON
SDR2x
SDR33
Data
RAW
Coordinate
To display the total number of records that will be
downloaded, press [ENT] in the Data field.
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5 – Menu Key
As each record in the current job is output from the instrument
(downloaded), the current line number is updated.
After downloading is completed, you can choose to delete the current
job.
To delete the current job, press [4]. To return to the Basic Measurement
Screen (BMS), press [ESC] or the Abrt softkey.
Uploading coordinate data
To upload coordinate data from a computer, press [2] or select
Upload XYZ in the Communication menu.
The default data format appears. To change the order of data fields,
press the Edit softkey. For more information, see Advanced feature:
Editing the data order for upload, page 144.
Otherwise, just press [ENT].
B
Tip – Press the Job softkey to go to the Job Manager screen.
For more information, see Job Manager, page 105.
To change the communication settings, press the Comm softkey and
then select Serial or Bluetooth/USB in the Port field. The port settings
must match the settings used by the terminal software on the
computer.
Use an RS-232C cable to connect the instrument to the computer.
The Free space field shows the number of points that can be stored.
Press [ENT] to put the instrument in receive mode. Then use the Send
Text File command in the terminal program on the computer to start
sending data.
B
Tip – In the terminal program, set flow control to Xon/Xoff.
As each point is received by the instrument, the value in the Records
field is incremented.
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5 – Menu Key
B
Tip – If you press [ESC] during data upload, the upload is canceled and the display returns to
the Communication menu. Records that were received before you pressed [ESC] are stored in
the job. The system truncates any code that is longer than 16 characters.
Duplicate points
If the existing point is a UP, CC, or MP record, and it is not referred to by any ST or BS, it is
automatically overwritten by the uploaded point. No error message appears.
Advanced feature: Editing the data order for upload
1. To open the Data Fields screen, press the Edit softkey.
2. To move between the fields, press [<] or [>].
3. To change the selected item in a field, use the
The options are PT, N, E, Z, CD, or blank.
and
softkeys.
4. To save your changes and return to the previous screen, press the
Save softkey.
For example, if your original data is as follows:
1, UB, 30.000, 20.000, L1
and you set the data fields to PT N E CD, then the uploaded data is:
PT=1, N=30.000, E=20.000, CD=L1
Uploading coordinates without points
You can upload data without points. If you do not include a point in the format definition, each line
of data is automatically assigned the next available point number. To help you to select points in the
field, make sure that you store an identifier in the CD field.
B
Tip – The data format cannot include duplicate items. Use PT, N, E, Z and CD once each in the
data format. To skip some items in your original file, set the corresponding field to blank.
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5 – Menu Key
Uploading a point name list or code list
B
Tip – When you upload a code list, it always replaces the existing code list on the instrument.
To upload a point name list via cable, press [3] or select PT List in the Communication menu.
To upload a code list, press [4] or select Code List.
Connect the RS-232C cable.
Start a terminal program on the computer.
To put the instrument into receive mode, press [ENT] or the OK softkey.
The counter is updated as each line in the list is stored.
You can store up to 254 codes or point names.
B
Tip – If a code or point name is longer than 16 characters, it is
truncated.
1sec-Keys
Use the 1sec-Keys menu to configure the settings for the one-second
keys, [MSR], [DSP], [USR], [S-O], and [DAT]. To access this menu, press [6] or
select 1sec-Keys in the MENU screen.
[MSR]
key settings
To change settings for the [MSR1] and [MSR2] keys, press [1] or select
[MSR] in the 1sec-Keys menu.
There are two [MSR] keys:
•
To change the settings for the [MSR1] key, press [1] or select MSR1.
•
To change the settings for the [MSR2] key, press [2] or select MSR2.
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5 – Menu Key
Each [MSR] key has five settings.
In the Const and AVE fields, use the numeric keys to enter values. In
the other fields, use [<] or [>] to change the settings.
B
[DSP]
Tip – You can also access the settings screen by holding down
[MSR1] or [MSR2] for one second.
key settings
To change the display items in the BMS and in Stakeout observation
screens, press [2] or select [DSP] in the 1sec-Keys menu.
To move the cursor, use [<], [>] , [^], or [v]. To change the display item,
press either the softkey or the softkey.
To save the changes, press [ENT] at the last line of <DSP3> or press the
Save softkey.
B
[USR]
Tip – You can also access the DSP settings screen by holding down [DSP] for one second.
key settings
To change the functions that are assigned to the [USR1] and [USR2] keys,
press [3] or select [USR] in the 1sec-Keys menu.
There are two [USR] keys. The function that is assigned to each key
appears beside the key name.
–
To change the settings for the [USR1] key, press [1] or select
USR1.
–
To change the settings for the [USR2] key, press [2] or select
USR2.
In the Select Functions screen, the asterisk (*) indicates the function
that is currently assigned to the key.
To highlight a function, use [^] or [v]. To assign that function to the
selected [USR] key, press [ENT].
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5 – Menu Key
[S-O]
key settings
To enter the Stakeout settings screen, press [4] or select [S-O] in the
1sec-Keys menu.
There are two Stakeout settings. For more information, see Stakeout,
page 125.
[DAT]
key settings
1. To change the settings for the [DAT] key, press [5] or select [DAT] in
the 1sec-Keys menu.
The asterisk (*) indicates the currently selected view format.
2. To move the cursor, use [^] or [v].
3. To change the format displayed by [DAT], press [ENT].
Calibration
Use the Calibration screen to calibrate the instrument. To open the
Calibration screen, press [7] or select Calibrat. on the MENU
screen.
For more information, see Adjusting, page 155.
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5 – Menu Key
Time
Use the Date & Time screen to set the current date and time.
1. To open the Date & Time screen, press [8] or select Time on the
MENU screen.
The current date and time settings are displayed.
2. Enter the date in Year-Month-Day format. For example, to change
the date to June 18, 2008, press
[2] [0] [0] [8] [ENT] [6] [ENT] [1] [8] [ENT].
If the highlighted part of the field (for example, the year) is already
correct, you can just press [ENT] to use the current value. For example, if the date is already set to
June 24, 2008, and you want to change the date to June 18, 2008, press [ENT] [ENT] [1] [8] [ENT].
3. To move to the Time field, press [ENT] in the Date field.
4. Enter the time in 24-hour format. For example, to set the time to
4:35 PM, press
[1] [6] [ENT] [3] [5] [ENT].
5. Do one of the following:
–
To finish setting the date and time, press [ENT] in the Minutes field.
–
To cancel the input, press [ESC].
Removable memory (USB memory)
The removable memory (external memory) shows a list of all the job
files that were recorded on the USB memory stick.
The job files and other files that are shown in the list are recorded in
the following folders on the removable memory device (USB memory):
•
Job files are stored in \NTTS\JOBS
•
Other files are stored in \NTTS
B
Tip – Keep the following in mind:
•
•
•
•
Do not remove the USB memory stick while you are accessing it. If you do this, you may damage the
files in the USB memory.
For more efficient operation, it is best to use a low-capacity USB memory stick that does not contain a
large number of files.
When this message is displayed for a long time, please reduce the
number of files on the removable memory as much as possible, and
then retry it.
Some USB memory sticks may not work on this product. If this
happens, switch to another type.
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5 – Menu Key
Displaying the external memory files
1. To open the USB Memory (Job) screen, press [9] or select USB
Mem. on the MENU screen.
The USB Memory (Job) screen appears. This screen shows all the
job files that are currently on the removable device.
2. To view other files, press the File softkey to change the list.
To return to the USB Memory (Job) screen, select the Job softkey.
Note – When you have imported the file from the USB Memory to the
instrument, you can open the job on the instrument.
Renaming a job or file on the removable memory
Do one of the following:
•
Rename a job file from the USB Memory (Job) screen.
•
Rename a file from the USB Memory (file) screen.
1. Press [v] or [^] to highlight the job or file that you want to rename.
2. Press the Rnam softkey. The Change Name screen appears
showing the current name of the job or file.
3. Enter a new name and then press [ENT].
B
Tip – A job name may not be longer than 8 characters. A file
name may not be longer than 12 characters–this includes the
file extension. You can not use a period in a job or file name.
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5 – Menu Key
Deleting a job of file from the removable memory
C
CAUTION – There is no undelete function in the External Memory. Before you select DEL,
make sure that the selected job is the one that you want to delete.
1. Press [v] or [^] to highlight the job or file that you want to delete.
2. Press the DEL softkey. A confirmation screen appears.
3. Do one of the following:
–
To delete the selected job, press the DEL softkey.
–
To cancel the deletion and return to the previous screen, press
[ESC] or the Abrt softkey.
After you delete a job, the display returns to the job list.
Note – You cannot press [ENT] in the Delete screen. You must verify the name and then press the DEL
softkey.
Copying a job from the removable device
You can copy a job that is on the removable device to the instrument.
1. Press [v] or [^] to highlight the job or file that you want to copy.
2. Press [MENU] and the press [1].
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5 – Menu Key
Changing the list view of files on the removable memory
USB Memory (Job) screen
Press the DSP softkey to view the list in alphabetical order or in date order.
USB Memory (File) screen
Press the DSP softkey to view the list in alphabetical order, in date order, or by file extension.
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CHAPTER
6
Checking and Adjustment
In this chapter:

Adjusting the electronic level

Checking and adjusting the circular level

Checking and adjusting the optical/laser
plummet

Zero point errors of vertical scale and
horizontal angle corrections

Checking the Instrument Constant

Checking the laser pointer
6
This chapter describes how to check the
accuracy of the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total
station, and if necessary, adjust the required
settings.
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6 – Checking and Adjustment
Adjusting the electronic level
Adjustment of the electronic level is done by Zero point errors of vertical scale and horizontal angle
corrections. For detailed instruction, please see page 154.
Checking and adjusting the circular level
Once you have checked and adjusted the electronic level, check
the circular level.
If the bubble is not in the center of the level, use the adjusting pin
to rotate the three adjustment screws of either circular level on
the instrument main body or tribrach until the bubble is
centered.
Checking and adjusting the optical/laser
plummet
The optical axis of the plummet must be aligned with the vertical axis of the instrument.
To check and adjust the optical/laser plummet:
1. Place the instrument on the tripod. You do not have to level the instrument.
2. Place a thick sheet of paper marked with an X on the ground
below the instrument.
While you are looking through the optical plummet, adjust the
leveling screws until the image of the X is in the center of the
reticle mark .
For laser plummet, adjust the laser pointer to the X.
3. Rotate the alidade 180°.
If the marked image is in the same position in the center of the
reticle mark, no adjustment is required
P
For laser plummet, if the laser pointer is on the X, no adjustment
is required.
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6 – Checking and Adjustment
4. If the image or laser pointer is not in the same position, adjust
the optical or laser plummet:
a. Use the supplied hexagonal wrench to turn the
adjustment screws until the image of the X is in Position P.
Position P is the center point of the line connecting the X
and the center of the reticle mark .
b. Repeat from Step 2.
For laser plummet adjustment, a cap needs to be
removed.
Zero point errors of vertical scale and
horizontal angle corrections
Checking
1. Set up the instrument on the tripod.
2. Follow the leveling procedures described in Leveling the instrument, page 27.
3. Flip the telescope to the Face 1 position.
4. Sight a target that is within 45° of the horizontal plane.
5. Read the vertical angle from the VA1 field in the Basic Measurement Screen (BMS).
6. Rotate the instrument 180° and flip the telescope to the Face 2 position.
7. Read the vertical angle from the VA2 field.
8. Add the two vertical angles together, VA1 + VA2.
–
No adjustment is required if the zero reference for vertical angles (VA zero setting) is set to
Zenith, and VA1 + VA2 equals 360°.
–
No adjustment is required if the zero reference for vertical angles (VA zero setting) is set to
Horizon, and VA1 + VA2 is either 180° or 540°.
–
An adjustment is required if VA1 + VA2 is not one of the values listed above.
Note – The difference between the vertical angle reading the relevant angle (either 360° for Zenith,
or 180° or 540° for Horizon) is called the altitude constant.
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6 – Checking and Adjustment
Adjusting
To enter the calibration screen, press [MENU] and [7].
1. The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station has two-axis level
compensation.Take an F1 measurement to a target on the horizon.
Press [ENT].
The vertical angle is shown in the
V0 dir= Horiz setting.
VA1
Face-1 vertical angle (tilt-off value)
HA1
Face-1 horizontal angle (tilt-off value)
X1
Face-1 X axis tilt value
Y1
Face-1 Y axis tilt value
When you have taken the measurement, the message on the
bottom line changes from DO NOT TOUCH! to Turn to F2.
2. Take an F2 measurement to the same target. Press [ENT].
VA2
Face-2 vertical angle (tilt-off value)
HA2
Face-2 horizontal angle (tilt-off value)
X2
Face-2 X axis tilt value
Y2
Face-2 Y axis tilt value
When the observation on F2 is completed, four parameters are
displayed.
3. Do one of the following:
–
To return to the first observation screen, press [ESC] or the Redo softkey.
–
To set parameters on the instrument, press [ENT] or the OK softkey.
B
Tip – IIf ACV, ACH, X, or Y is out of range, OVER appears. Press
any key to return to the first observation screen.
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6 – Checking and Adjustment
Checking the Instrument Constant
The instrument constant is a numerical value used to automatically correct for the displacement
between the mechanical and electrical centers when measuring distances. The instrument constant
is set by the manufacturer before the instrument is shipped. However, to ensure the highest
operational accuracy, we recommend that you check the instrument constant several times a year.
To check the instrument constant, you can either compare a correctly measured base line with the
distance measured by the EDM, or follow the procedure below.
P
About 100 m
Q
P
R
Q
To check the instrument constant:
1. Set up the instrument at Point P, in as flat an area as possible.
2. Set up a reflector prism at Point Q, 100 m away from Point P. Make sure that you take the prism
constant into account.
3. Measure the distance between Point P and Point Q (PQ).
4. Install a reflector prism on the tripod at Point P.
5. Set up another tripod at Point R, on the line between Point P and Point Q.
6. Transfer the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station to the tripod at Point R.
7. Measure the distance from Point R to Point P (RP), and from Point R to Point Q (RQ).
8. Calculate the difference between the value of PQ and the value of RP + RQ.
9. Move the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station to other points on the line between Point P and
Point Q.
10. Repeat Step 5 through Step 9 ten times or so.
11. Calculate the average of all the differences.
The error range is within 3 mm. If the error is out of range, contact your dealer.
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6 – Checking and Adjustment
Checking the laser pointer
The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station uses a red laser beam to a laser pointer. The laser pointer is
coaxial with the line of sight of the telescope. If the instrument is well adjusted, the red laser pointer
coincides with the line of sight. External influences such as shock or large temperature fluctuations
can displace the red laser pointer relative to the line of sight.
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CHAPTER
7
Specifications
7
In this chapter:

Main Body

Standard components

External device connector
This chapter describes the specifications and
standard components of the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+
5" total station. It also describes the connector
that is used to connect the instrument to an
external power source or to communicate with
an external device.
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7 – Specifications
Main Body
Telescope
Tube length
125 mm (4.91 in.)
Magnification
30 X
Effective diameter of objective 45 mm (1.77 in.)
EDM 50 mm (1.97 in.)
Image
Erect
Field of view
1°20'
2.3 m at 100 m (2.3 ft at 100 ft)
Resolving power
3.0''
Focusing distance
1.5 m to infinity (4.92 ft to infinity)
Measurement range
Distances shorter than 1.5 m (4.92 ft) cannot be measured with this EDM.
Measurement range with no haze, visibility over 40 km (25 miles))
Prism mode
Reflector sheet (5 cm x 5
cm)
300 m (984 ft)
Standard prism (1P)
5,000 m (16,400 ft)
Reflectorless mode
Reference target
300 m (984 ft)
•
The target should not receive direct sunlight.
•
“Reference target” refers to a white, highly reflective material. (KGC90%)
•
The maximum measurement range is 500 m in the reflectorless mode.
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7 – Specifications
Distance precision
Precise mode
Prism (ISO17123–4:2004)
± (2 + 2 ppm × D) mm (–10 °C to +40 °C)
± (3 + 3 ppm × D) mm
(–20 °C to –10 °C, +40 °C to +50 °C)
Reflectorless
± (3 + 2 ppm × D) mm (–10 °C to +40 °C)
± (3 + 3 ppm × D) mm
(–20 °C to –10 °C, +40 °C to +50 °C)
Normal mode
Prism
± (10 + 5 ppm × D) mm
Reflectorless
± (10 + 5 ppm × D) mm
Measurement intervals
Measurement intervals may vary with the measuring distance or weather conditions.
For the initial measurement, it may take few more seconds.
Precise mode
Prism
1.5 sec.
Reflectorless
1.8 sec.
Normal mode
Prism
0.8 sec.
Reflectorless
1.0 sec.
Prism offset correction
–999 mm to +999 mm (1 mm step)
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7 – Specifications
Angle measurement
Reading system
Absolute encoder
Diametrical reading on HA/VA
Minimum display increment
360°
1''/5''/10"
400G
0.2 mgon/1 mgon/2 mgon
MIL6400
0.005 MIL/0.02 MIL/0.05 MIL
ISO17123-3 accuracy
5"/1.5 mgon
Tilt sensor
Method
Liquid-electric detection (Dual axis)
Compensation range
±3'
Tangent screw
Type
Friction clutch endless fine motion
Tribrach
Type
Detachable
Level
Electronic level
Displayed on the LCD
Circular level vial
Sensitivity 10'/2 mm
Optical plummet
Image
Erect
Magnification
3×
Field of view
5°
Focusing range
0.5 m (1.6 ft) to infinity
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7 – Specifications
Optional laser plummet
Wave length
635 nm
Laser class
Class 2
Focusing range
¥
Laser diameter
Approx. 2 mm
Display and keypad
Display type
Graphical LCD
Resolution
128 × 64
Display illumination
Backlight
Keys
25
Connections in the base of instrument
Communications
Type
RS-232C
USB Host
Class 2 Bluetooth 2.0 EDR+
Maximum baud rate
38400 bps asynchronous (RS-232C)
External power supply
input voltage
4.5 V to 5.2 V DC
Battery pack
Output voltage
3.8 V DC rechargeable
Continuous operation time
Continuous distance/angle
measurement
10 hours
Distance/angle measurement
every 30 seconds
16 hours
Continuous angle measurement
30 hours
Tested at 25 °C (nominal temperature). Operation times may vary depending on the condition and
deterioration of the battery.
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7 – Specifications
Environmental performance
FOCUS 6+ 5''
Operating temperature range
–20 °C through +50 °C (–4 °F through +122 °F)
Storage temperature range
–25 °C through +60 °C (–13 °F through +140 °F)
FOCUS 6W+ 5''
Operating temperature range
–30 °C through +50 °C (–22 °F through +122 °F)
Storage temperature range
–30 °C through +60 °C (–22 °F through +140 °F)
Dimensions
Main unit
149 mm W x 145 mm D x 306 mm H
Carrying case
435 mm W x 206 mm D x 297 mm H
Weight
Main unit w/o battery
3.5 kg (7.95 lbs), approx.
Battery
0.1 kg (0.22 lbs), approx.
Carrying case
2.4 kg (5.28 lbs), approx.
Charger and AC adapter
0.4 kg (0.99 lbs), approx.
Environmental protection
FOCUS 6+ 5''
Watertight/dust-proof
protection
IP66
FOCUS 6W+ 5''
Watertight/dust-proof
protection
IP66 (instrument only)
When the instrument is used with the external battery system, the rate is
IP x 2.
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7 – Specifications
Standard components
•
Instrument main body
•
Battery pack (x 2)
•
Universal charger, power cord, and adapters
•
Adjustment pin, Allen wrench
•
Objective lens cap
•
Vinyl cover
•
Spectra Precision FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" Total Station User Guide (this document)
•
Carrying case
•
Shoulder strap (x 2)
External device connector
This connector can be used to connect to an external power source or to communicate with an
external device.
Before using the external device connector, make sure that the external device meets the
specifications below.
Input voltage
4.5 V to 5.2 V DC
System
RS-232C
Signal level
±9 V standard
Maximum baud rate
38400 bps asynchronous
Compatible male connector
Hirose HR10A-7P-6P or HR10-7P-6P
C
CAUTION – Except for the connection shown in Figure 8.1on page 167, use of this connector is
at your own risk.
C
CAUTION – Use only the male connectors specified above. Using other connectors will damage
the instrument.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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7 – Specifications
The external device connector is a Hirose HR 10A-7R-6S female connector. The pinouts for
connecting it to an external device connector are shown below:
Pin
Signal
Description
1
RXD
Receive data (Input)
2
TXD
Send data (Output)
3
NC
No connection
4
V
Power
5
GND
Ground
6
NC
No connection
6
1
HRS
5
4
2
3
C
CAUTION – Use only the pin connections shown above. Using other connections will damage
the instrument.
C
CAUTION – The FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station total station has different pin assignment
from other models of Nikon total station.
To connect to an external power source, supply power to Pin 4 (power terminal) and Pin 5 (ground
terminal) on the instrument. The instrument will use the external power source even if the internal
battery packs are attached.
C
CAUTION – Make sure that the power supplied is within the rated input range (4.5 V to 5.2 V
DC, 1 A maximum). Power supplied outside this range will damage the instrument.
To communicate with an external device, connect the RS-232C signal from the external device to Pin
1 (input terminal) and to Pin 2 (output terminal) on the instrument.
Cap the data output/external power input connector securely while not in use. The instrument is not
watertight if the cap is not attached or not attached securely, and when the data output/external
power input connector is in use.
The instrument can be damaged by static electricity from the human body discharged through the
data output/external power input connector. Before handling the instrument, touch any other
conductive material once to remove static electricity.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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CHAPTER
8
System Diagrams
8
In this chapter:

System components
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8 – System Diagrams
System components
Tubular
compass
Tubular compass
attachment
Battery charger
AC adapter and
plug adapter
FOCUS 6+ 5” series
Solar filter
USB memory stick
USB cable (standard
commercial cable)
Diagonal eyepiece
Connecting cable
(9 pin, USB)
Low-power
eyepiece
Personal computer
High-power
eyepiece
Figure 8.1
Personal computer
Measurement side
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8 – System Diagrams
Coaxial target plate
for single prism
Target pole
Mini prism C
Mini prism
holder
Standard round
single prism C
Tiltable single
prism holder
Mini prism
adapter
Triple prism
holder
Prism adapter
Height adjustment
adapter is not used.
Tribrach adapter 15
Tribrach W30/W30b
Telescopic
prism pole
Figure 8.2
Tripod for telescopic prism pole
Nikon tripod
Prism reflector side
Note – The FOCUS 6+ 5” series must be used with the Tribrach W30 or W30b.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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CHAPTER
9
Communications
9
In this chapter:

Uploading Coordinate Data

Uploading Point Lists and Code Lists

Downloading Data
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9 – Communications
Uploading Coordinate Data
Settings
To configure the transmission speed and other settings, go to
MENU > Settings > Comm. For more information, see
Communications, page 125.
Record format
You can upload coordinate records in the following formats:
PT
,
PT
PT
,
X
,
PT
PT
X
PT
,
Y
X
,
X
,
Y
,
X
,
Z
Y
,
Y
X
Z
CD
CD
Z
Z
Y
,
Y
,
CD
CD
PT
,
X
,
Y
,
PT
,
X
,
Y
,
PT
,
,
,
Z
PT
,
,
,
Z
,
,
CD
The record formats shown above use the following codes:
Code
Description
Length
PT
Point number
Up to 20 digits
X
Actual X coordinate
Variable length
Y
Actual Y coordinate
Variable length
Z
Actual Z coordinate
Variable length
CD
Feature code
Up to 16 characters
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9 – Communications
Data example
20100,6606.165,1639.383,30.762,RKBSS
20104,1165611.6800,116401.4200,00032.8080
20105 5967.677 1102.343 34.353 MANHOLE
20106 4567.889 2340.665 33.444 PT1
20107 5967.677 1102.343 34.353
20109,4657.778,2335.667,,PT2
20111,4657.778,2335.667
20113 4657.778 2335.667
20115,,,34.353,MANHOLE
20117,,,33.444
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9 – Communications
Uploading Point Lists and Code Lists
Settings
To configure the transmission speed and other settings, go to
MENU > Settings > Comm. For more information, see
Communications, page 125.
File format
PT lists and code lists use the same record format. Use the filenames POINT.LST for a PT list, and
CODE.LST for a code list.
DEFAULT
{
String1 , Code1
Layer2
{
String2-1, Code2-1
String2-2, Code2-2
}
Layer3
{
Layer 3-1
{
String3-1-1, Code3-1-1
String3-1-2, Code3-1-2
}
String3-2, Code3-2
String3-3, Code3-3
}
String4, Code4
String5, Code5
String6, Code6
String7, Code7
Figure 9.1
The first line of the file must contain the text “DEFAULT”
in capital letters.
Curly brackets { } group items together under the preceding
line.
For example, Layer 3-1 contains String 3-1-1 and String 3-1-2.
Layer 3 contains the five items from Layer 3-1 to String 3-3.
“String” represents characters that are displayed on the
screen. “Code” represents characters that are stored in the
database.
Record format for PT lists and code lists
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9 – Communications
Data example
DEFAULT
{
}
“STRUCTURES”
{
“TREE”, “S0001”
“FENCE”, “S0002”
“MAIL BOX”, “S0003”
“FLOWER BED”, “S0004”
}
“ROADS”
{
“MANHOLE”, “R0001”
“CENTER LINE”
{
“WHITE”, “R002-W”
“YELLOW”, “R002-Y”
}
“SIDEWALK”, “R0003”
“CROSSING”, “R0004”
“BRIDGE”, “R0005”
“SIGNAL”, “R0006”
“HIGHWAY STAR”, “R0007”
}
“RAILWAY”
{
“CROSSING”, “RW001”
“STATION”, “RW002”
“SIGNAL”, “RW003”
“BRIDGE”, “RW004”
“TUNNEL”, “RW005”
}
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9 – Communications
Downloading Data
Settings
To configure the transmission speed and other settings, go to
MENU > Settings > Comm. For more information, see
Communications, page 125.
Nikon raw record formats
Coordinate records
type , pt , (pt id) , northing , easting , elevation , code
type
One of the following codes:
UP
Uploaded point
MP
Manually input point
CC
Calculated coordinate
RE
Resection point
pt
Point number
(pt id)
(Point ID)
northing
Northing of the coordinate
easting
Easting of the coordinate
elevation
Elevation of the coordinate
code
Feature code
Station records
ST , stnpt , (stnid) , bspt , (bs id) , hi , bsazim , bsha
ST
Station record identifier (fixed text)
stnpt
Station point number
(stn id)
(Station ID)
bspt
Backsight point number
(bs id)
(Backsight ID)
hi
Height of instrument
bsazim
Backsight azimuth
bsha
Backsight horizontal angle
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9 – Communications
Control point records
CP , pt , (pt id) , ht , sd , ha , va , time , code
CP
Control point record identifier (fixed text)
pt
Point number
(pt id)
(Point ID)
ht
Height of target
sd
Slope distance
ha
Horizontal angle
va
Vertical angle
time
24-hour time stamp
code
Feature code
Sideshot records
SS , pt , ht , sd , ha , va , time , code
SS
Sideshot record identifier (fixed text)
pt
Point number
ht
Height of target
sd
Slope distance
ha
Horizontal angle
va
Vertical angle
time
24-hour time stamp
code
Feature code
Stakeout records
SO , pt , (sopt) , ht , sd , ha , va , time ,
SO
Stakeout record identifier (fixed text)
pt
Recorded point number
(sopt)
(Original number of point staked)
ht
Height of target
sd
Slope distance
ha
Horizontal angle
va
Vertical angle
time
24-hour time stamp
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9 – Communications
F1 records
face , pt , ht , sd , ha , va , time
face
One of the following:
F1
Shot taken using Face-1 (fixed text)
Shot taken using Face-1 for Station setup (fixed text)
pt
Point number
ht
Height of target
sd
Slope distance
ha
Horizontal angle
va
Vertical angle
time
24-hour time stamp
Comment/note records
CO , text
CO
Comment record identifier (fixed text)
text
Comment text
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9 – Communications
SDR2x and SDR33 record formats
Header record
00NM
ver 0000
datetime
ang
dist
press temp
coor
1–4
00NM
Header record identifier (fixed text)
5–20
ver
SDR download version. One of the following:
SDR20V03-05
SDR2x
SDR33V04-01
SDR33
21–24
0000
Not used
25–40
datetime
Download date and time (in hours and minutes)
41
ang
Angle units. One of the following:
42
43
44
45
46
dist
press
temp
coor
1
1
Degrees
2
Gons
4
Mils
1
Distance units. One of the following:
1
Meters
2
Feet
Pressure units. One of the following:
1
mm Hg
2
In. Hg
3
hPa
Temperature units. One of the following:
1
Celsius
2
Fahrenheit
Coordinate order. One of the following:
1
NEZ
2
ENZ
Not used
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9 – Communications
Instrument record
01KI1
instr
serNo
Instr
serNo
1 zero VA 0.000
0.000
0.000
1–5
01KI1
Instrument record identifier (fixed text)
6–21,
28–43
instr
Instrument make and model
22–27,
44–49
serNo
Instrument serial number
50
1
Not used
51
zero VA
The reference point for vertical angles. One of the following:
52–61,
62–71,
72–81,
0.000
0.000
0.000
1
Zenith
2
Horizon
Not used
Not used
Not used
Station details record
02KI
stnpt
northing
easting
elevation
hi
desc
1–4
02KI
Station details record identifier (fixed text)
5–8 (2x),
5–20 (33)
stnpt
Station point number
9–18 (2x),
21–36 (33)
northing
Northing of station
19–28 (2x),
37–52 (33)
easting
Easting of station
29–38 (2x),
53–68 (33)
elevation
Elevation of station
39–48 (2x),
69–84 (33)
hi
Height of instrument
49–64 (2x), desc
85–100 (33)
Station description
Target details record
03NM
ht
1–4
03NM
Target details record identifier (fixed text)
5–14 (2x),
5–20 (33)
ht
Height of target
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9 – Communications
Backsight bearing details record
07KI stnpt
bspt
bsazim ha
1–4
07KI
Backsight bearing details record identifier (fixed text)
5–8 (2x),
5–20 (33)
stnpt
Station point number
9–12 (2x),
21–36 (33)
bspt
Backsight point number
13–22 (2x),
37–52 (33)
bsazim
Backsight azimuth
23–32 (2x),
53–68 (33)
ha
Horizontal angle
Coordinates record
08KI
pt
northing
easting elevation
desc
1–4
08KI
Coordinates record identifier (fixed text)
5–8 (2x),
5–20 (33)
pt
Point number
9–18 (2x),
21–36 (33)
northing
Northing of the coordinate
19–28 (2x),
37–52 (33)
easting
Easting of the coordinate
29–38 (2x),
53–68 (33)
elevation
Elevation of the coordinate
39–54 (2x),
69–84 (33)
desc
Feature code
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9 – Communications
Observation record
09MC
stnpt
pt
sd va ha
desc
1–4
09MC
Observation record identifier (fixed text)
5–8 (2x),
5–20 (33)
stnpt
Station point number
9–12 (2x),
21–36 (33)
pt
Observed point number
13–22 (2x),
37–52 (33)
sd
Slope distance
23–32 (2x),
53–68 (33)
va
Vertical angle
33–42 (2x),
69–84 (33)
ha
Horizontal angle
43–58 (2x), desc
85–100 (33)
Feature code
Job identifier record
10NM
jobid
1 incZ T&Pcorr
C&Rcorr refcon
sealev
1–4
10NM
Job identifier record ID (fixed text)
5–8 (2x), 5–20 (33)
jobid
Job name/title
Note – The following fields occur only in SDR33 format.
21
1
Point ID length option
22
incZ
2D or 3D coordinates. One of the following:
23
24
25
26
T&Pcorr
C&Rcorr
refcon
sealev
1
2D
2
3D
Atmospheric correction. One of the following:
1
Off
2
On
Curvature and refraction correction. One of the following:
1
Off
2
On
Refraction constant. One of the following:
1
0.132
2
0.200
Sea level correction. One of the following:
1
Off
2
On
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9 – Communications
Note record
13NM
note
1–4
13NM
Note record ID (fixed text)
5–64
note
Note text
Data examples
Nikon raw data format
CO,Nikon RAW data format V2.00
CO,EXAMPLE5
CO,Description: SAMPLE DATA OF DOWNLOAD
CO,Client:
CO,Comments:
CO,Downloaded 22-JUL-2008 18:56:10
CO,Software: Pre-installed version: 1.0.0.1
CO,Instrument: FOCUS 6+ 5”
CO,Dist Units: Metres
CO,Angle Units: DDDMMSS
CO,Zero azimuth: North
CO,Zero VA: Zenith
CO,Coord Order: NEZ
CO,HA Raw data: Azimuth
CO,Tilt Correction: VA:ON HA:ON
CO, EXAMPLE5 <JOB> Created 22-JUL-2008 07:09:21
CO,S/N:213705
MP,1,,100.000,200.000,10.000,
CO,Temp:20C Press:760mmHg Prism:0 22-JUL-2008 07:11:34
ST,1,,,,1.400,55.4500,55.4500
F1,,,,0.0000,90.0000,8:27:58
SS,3,1.200,330.706,326.027,20.320,07:13:46,SIGN
SS,4,1.250,379.193,300.847,29.084,07:14:24,TREE
SS,5,1.218,363.344,328.032,30.105,07:14:57,TREE R
SO,1003,,1.240,331.220,326.783,19.998,07:18:17,
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9 – Communications
Nikon coordinate data format
1,100.0000,200.0000,10.0000,
2,200.0000,300.0000,20.0000,
3,116.9239,216.9140,11.8425,TRAIN PLATFORM
4,126.6967,206.2596,11.2539,RAMP
11,100.0045,199.9958,10,0000,
13,116.9203,216.9113,11.7157,
14,126.6955,206.2579,10.9908,
21,100.0103,199.9958,10.0000,
31,100.0013,200.0005,10.0000,
41,100.0224,200.0331,9.9000,
43,116.9263,216,9165,11.8016,CURB
44,126.7042,206.2871,10.8193,DITCH
45,116.9266,216.9160,11.8028,
46,126.7046,206.2845,10.8213,CP POINT
SDR2x raw data format
00NMSDR20V03-05 000023-Jul-2008 18:39:111211
10NMEXAMPLE6
01KI1 Spectra Precision FOCUS 6+ 5” 000000 Spectra Precision FOCUS 6+ 5” 00000012 0.000
0.000
13NMDownloaded 23-Jul-2008 18:39:22
13NMSftware: Pre-install version: 1.0.0.1
13NMInstrument: Spectra Precision FOCUS 6+ 5”
13NMDist Units: Metres
13NMAngle Units: Degrees
13NMZero azimuth: North
13NMZero VA: Horizon
13NMCoord Order: NEZ
13NMClient:
13NMDescription:
13NMTilt Correction: VA:ON HA:ON
13NM EXAMPLE6 <JOB> Created 23-Jul-2008 07:09:21
08KI0001100.000 200.000 10.000
08KI0002200.000 300.000 20.000
02KI0001100.000 200.000 10.000 0.100
07KI0001000245.0000 0.0000
13F100000002<null> <null> 0.0000
13F200000002<null> <null> 179.9639
13NMBS Check HA:359.3525 Reset to HA: 0.0000 07:21:41
13F10000000323.990 4.1694 0.0000
13F20000000323.990 175.8403 180.0028
03NM0.000
13F10001000323.990 4.1653 359.9833 MAIN PLATFORM
13F10001000427.445 2.4097 328.1958 RAMP
13NMStart of 2-Pt Resection
13F10000000427.445 2.4097 0.0000
0.000
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9 – Communications
13F10000000323.991 4.1542 31.8042
13F10000000427.430 1.8583 121.4306
13F10000000323.976 3.8625 153.2306
08KI0011100.005 199.996 10.000
02KI0011100.005 199.996 10.000 0.100
07KI0011000344.9980 0.0000
SDR2x coordinate data format
00NMSDR20V03-05 000023-Jul-2008 18:40:111211
10NMEXAMPLE6
01KI1 Spectra Precision FOCUS 6+ 5” 000000 Spectra Precision FOCUS 6+ 5” 00000012 0.000
0.000
13NM 080926-2 <JOB> Downloaded 08-Oct-2008 18:40:06
13NMSftware: Pre-install version: 1.0.0.1
13NMInstrument: Spectra Precision FOCUS 6+ 5”
13NMDist Units: Metres
13NMAngle Units: Deqrees
13NMZero azimuth: North
13NMZero VA: Horizon
13NMProjection correction: OFF
13NMC&R correction: OFF
13NMSea level correction: OFF
13NMCoord Order: NEZ
13NMClient:
13NMDescription:
13NMTilt Correction: VA:OFF HA:OFF
13NM EXAMPLE6 <JOB> Created 23-Jul-2008 07:09:21
13NMPrism constant: 0
08KI0001100.000 200.000 10.000
08KI0002200.000 300.000 20.000
13NMBacksight Check to Pt:2 HA:359.3525 07:21:39
13NMBacksight Pt:2
Reset to HA: 0.0000 07:21:41
08KI0003116.924 216.914 11.843 MAIN PLTFORM
08KI0004126.697 206.260 11.254 RAMP
13NMStart of 2-Pt Resection
08KI0011100.005 199.996 10.000
0.000
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CHAPTER
10
Error Messages
In this chapter:

Cogo

Communications

Data

Job Manager

Programs

Recording Data

Searching

Settings

Stakeout

Station Setup

System Error
10
The chapter describes the error messages that
may appear when you use the FOCUS 6+ 5" /
6W+ 5" total station.
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10 – Error Messages
Cogo
NO Result
100.1
The system was unable to calculate an area because points were not entered in the correct order.
Press any key to return to the Cogo menu. Then enter the points in the correct order.
Same Coordinate
100.2
The point or coordinate that you entered is identical to the previous input point.
Press any key to return to the point input screen. Then use a different point.
XY-coordinate is required
100.3
The input point does not have XY (NE) coordinates.
Press any key to return to the point input screen. Then enter a point that has X and Y coordinates.
Communications
If an error is detected during uploading of data, the FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" total station aborts the
upload process and displays one of the following messages:
Check Data
100.4
There are errors in the uploaded data. The uploaded data contains errors, such as an alphabetic
character in a coordinate field.
Press any key. Then check the specified line in the data.
DUPLICATE PT
100.5
The uploaded data contains a duplicate PT.
Press any key. Then check the specified point in the data.
B
Tip – If the existing point is a UP, CC, or MP record, and is not referred by ST or BS, then it will
be overwritten by the uploaded record. No error message appears.
PT MAX20 chars
100.6
The uploaded data contains a PT with a name or number that is longer than 20 digits.
Press any key. Then check the specified line in the data.
XYZ OVERRANGE
100.7
The uploaded data contains a coordinate that is longer than 13 digits.
Press any key. Then check the specified line in the data.
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10 – Error Messages
Data
Can't Edit Current ST
100.8
You have tried to edit the current ST.
Note – You cannot edit the current ST. However, old ST records can be edited. No recalculation can be
performed on the instrument.
Press any key to return to the code/layer name input screen.
Can't Edit ST/BS refer to this PT
100.9
You have tried to edit a coordinate that the current ST or BS refers to. You cannot change a
coordinate if the current ST or BS refers to it.
Press any key to return to the Data view screen.
Can't Edit XYZ from measurement
100.10
You have tried to change the coordinates of an SO, SS, or CP record. You cannot change the
coordinates of an SO, SS, or CP record.
Press any key to return to the previous screen.
DELETE Stn-XYZ
100.11
You have tried to delete a coordinate record that the current ST or BS refers to. You must confirm
that you want to delete a coordinate record that the current ST or BS refers to.
To ...
Press ...
delete XYZ
the DEL softkey
return to the previous screen without deleting XYZ
[ESC] or the Abrt softkey
Job Manager
Cannot Assign
100.12
You have tried to set the current job as the control file.
Press any key to return to the previous screen. Then select a different job.
Can't Create
100.13
There is no space available to create a job or record a point.
Press any key to return to the Job Manager. Then use the DEL softkey to delete old jobs.
Existing Job
100.14
You have entered an existing job name for a new job.
Press any key and then change the name for the new job.
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10 – Error Messages
MAX 50Jobs
100.15
You are trying to create a new job when the maximum number of jobs (50) is already stored.
Press any key to return to the Job Manager. Then use the DEL softkey to delete old jobs.
Programs
NO Stn Setup
100.16
You did not perform a station setup or BS check before entering the Programs function.
To ...
Press ...
go to the Stn Setup menu
[2] or select Stn Setup
return to the BMS
[ESC]
go to the Programs menu
[1] or select Continue
B
Tip – Selecting Continue does not resume the last ST record. You should only use the
Continue option if you are sure that the previous ST coordinates and the current HA
orientation are correct. Otherwise, records in the Programs function may not be correct.
XY&Z coordinate are required
100.17
Three-dimensional coordinates are required in S-Plane function.
Press any key to return to the point input screen. Then enter a three-dimensional point.
Recording Data
DATA FULL
100.18
The data storage is full.
Press any key to return to the Basic Measurement Screen (BMS). Then:
To ...
Go to ...
delete unnecessary data
MENU > Data
delete jobs
MENU > Job
DUPLICATE PT
100.19
The input PT you are trying to record already exists in the current job. An existing coordinate record
cannot be overwritten by measured data.
Press any key to return to the point input screen. Change PT.
SPECTRA PRECISION FOCUS 6+ 5" / 6W+ 5" TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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10 – Error Messages
Duplicate PT
100.20
The input PT you are trying to record already exists in the current job as an SS, SO, or CP record. An
existing SS, SO, or CP record can be overwritten by measured data.
To ...
Press ...
return to the PT input screen
[ESC] or the Abrt softkey
record RAW data and update XYZ data
the XYZ softkey
record RAW data only
the RAW softkey
No Open Job
100.21
No job is open.
To ...
Press ...
open the job list, if there are existing jobs
[1] or select Select job
create a new job
[2] or select Create job
return to the previous screen
[ESC]
NO Stn Setup
100.22
There is no station record in the current job, or a station setup or BS check has not been done since
the program was rebooted.
To ...
Press ...
continue recording
[1] or select Continue. If there is already an ST record in the job, the
message CO, Use current orientation appears.
go to the Stn Setup menu
[2] or select STN Setup
return to the previous screen
[ESC]
OVER RANGE
100.23
You are trying to record a coordinate with more than 13 digits
Press any key to return to the previous screen. Then check the current ST coordinate.
Searching
PT Not Found
100.24
There is no point that matches the criteria you entered.
Press any key to return to the point input screen.
This message may appear in any function where the PT/CD is input, such as Station Setup or
Stakeout.
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10 – Error Messages
Settings
Job Settings will be changed
100.25
You have changed one or more of the following job settings:
•
VA zero or HA in the Angle screen (see Angle, page 122)
•
Scale, T-P, Sea Lvl, or C&R in the Distance screen (see Distance, page 122)
•
Coord or Az Zero in the Coordinates screen (see Coordinate, page 125)
•
Angle, Dist, Temp, or Press in the Unit screen (see Unit, page 126)
To ...
Press ...
discard the changes to the job settings
[ESC] or the Abrt softkey. The current job remains
open.
close the current job and save the changes to the job
settings
[ENT] or the OK softkey
Note – To record a point using the new settings, create a new job using the new settings.
Stakeout
Input Error
100.26
The point name style used in the Fr field is not the same as the style used in the To field. For example,
the Fr field style is 1, and the To field style is A200.
Press any key to return to the Fr/To input screen. Then re-enter the point name, using the same
naming style in both fields.
NO Stn Setup
100.27
You did not perform a station setup or BS check before entering the Stakeout function.
To...
Press ...
go to the Stn Setup menu
[2] or select Stn Setup
return to the Basic Measurement Screen (BMS)
[ESC]
go to the Stakeout menu
[1] or select Continue
B
Tip – Selecting Continue does not resume the last ST record. You should only use the
Continue option if you are sure that the previous ST coordinates and the current HA
orientation are correct. Otherwise, records in the Stakeout function may not be correct.
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10 – Error Messages
Station Setup
Calc ST Failed Need additional PT
100.28
Calculating ST failed in resection. This message may appear after you have deleted a point the View
shots screen.
Press any key to return to the PT input screen. Take another shot to calculate the ST coordinate.
Same Coordinate
100.29
The input PT or coordinate is identical to the current station in STN/1:Known, or the same coordinate
or point name/number is found in Resection.
Press any key to return to the PT input screen. Then use a different PT.
Space LOW
100.30
There is not enough space to record a station when you start any of the Station Setup functions.
To ...
Press ...
return to the BMS
press [ESC] or the Abrt softkey. Use the DEL softkey in Job Manager to delete
old jobs.
continue
press [ENT] or the OK softkey. You may not be able to record the whole process.
XY-coordinate is required
100.31
The input point for ST/BS does not have N/E coordinates.
Press any key to return to the PT input screen. Then use a PT that has N/E coordinates.
Z-coordinate is required
100.32
The input point for Benchmark does not have a Z coordinate.
Press any key to return to the PT input screen. Then use a PT that has a Z coordinate.
System Error
=SYSTEM ERROR=
100.33
The system has detected an internal error that is related to the lower-level system.
Press any key to turn the instrument off. The system will reboot when this error is reported. If you
still have more points to shoot in the site, turn the instrument on and repeat the open a job and
station setup procedures.
Data stored before this error will be kept safely in the Job file.
If the error appears frequently, please contact your dealer or Trimble Support and report the
message that appears below the =SYSTEM ERROR= line.
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