These materials are © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Any dissemination, distribution, or unauthorized use is strictly prohibited.
HPE Synergy
HPE Special Edition
by Scott D. Lowe
These materials are © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Any dissemination, distribution, or unauthorized use is strictly prohibited.
HPE Synergy For Dummies®, HPE Special Edition
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Table of Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
About This Book......................................................................... 1
Foolish Assumptions.................................................................. 1
Icons Used in This Book............................................................. 2
Where to Go from Here.............................................................. 2
Chapter 1: The Idea Economy and Composable
Infrastructure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Introducing Composable Infrastructure.................................. 4
Anytime.............................................................................. 4
Anywhere........................................................................... 5
Any workload.................................................................... 6
The right service level..................................................... 6
Chapter 2: HPE Synergy Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
HPE Synergy Design Principles................................................. 8
Fluid resource pools......................................................... 8
Software‐defined intelligence.......................................... 8
Unified application programming interface.................. 9
Architecture Overview............................................................... 9
Composable frame.......................................................... 10
Composable management............................................. 10
Composable compute.................................................... 11
Composable storage....................................................... 11
Composable fabric.......................................................... 12
Chapter 3: HPE Synergy Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
General Architecture................................................................ 13
Appliance bays: Embedded management................... 15
Device module bays....................................................... 16
Front panel...................................................................... 16
Interconnect bays........................................................... 16
The management ring and frame Link Modules......... 17
The midplane and speeds and feeds............................ 18
Photonics ready.............................................................. 19
Ensuring Reliability, Availability, and Flexibility.................. 19
Chapter 4: HPE Synergy Composer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Deploy with Auto‐Discovery.................................................... 22
Provision with Templates........................................................ 24
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iv
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Grow Your Environment.......................................................... 25
Accelerate Life-Cycle Operations............................................ 25
Unified API................................................................................. 27
High‐Availability Architecture................................................. 28
Chapter 5: HPE Synergy Image Streamer . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Manage Servers like Virtual Machines................................... 30
Streamlined Deployment......................................................... 31
Image Streamer Outcomes....................................................... 32
Automating operations.................................................. 32
Running stateless operations........................................ 34
Centralizing compliance................................................ 35
Operation with Composer....................................................... 35
Chapter 6: HPE Synergy Composable Compute. . . . . . . 37
Systems Portfolio...................................................................... 37
Right‐sizing compute...................................................... 38
Workloads........................................................................ 42
Local Storage............................................................................. 43
Adapters..................................................................................... 44
Graphics..................................................................................... 44
Chapter 7: HPE Synergy Composable Storage. . . . . . . . 47
HPE Synergy D3940 Storage Module...................................... 49
StoreVirtual Virtual Storage Appliance (VSA)....................... 52
Composable All-Flash Storage Arrays.................................... 53
Chapter 8: HPE Synergy Composable Fabric . . . . . . . . . 55
A Single Disaggregated Pool of Flexible Resources.............. 56
Reducing Networking Footprint.............................................. 57
Eliminate top‐of‐rack switching.................................... 57
Rack‐scale fabric............................................................. 57
Cable reduction............................................................... 58
Composable Fabric Resources................................................ 59
Integration with Traditional Environments........................... 61
Chapter 9: Ten Key Tips about Synergy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Appendix: HPE Services for Synergy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Transform to a Hybrid Infrastructure Workshop................. 65
The HPE Synergy Rapid Advisory Service............................. 66
Modernization and Migration Services.................................. 66
HPE Flexible Capacity............................................................... 66
HPE Datacenter Care–Infrastructure Automation................ 67
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Introduction
C
omposable Infrastructure is the embodiment of HPE’s
Idea Economy vision and is intended to help organizations transform their IT function into one that is cutting‐edge
and business friendly. The goals are to infuse the IT architecture with the ability to enable business agility, flexibility, and
speed.
HPE Synergy, the first platform built from the ground up for
Composable Infrastructure, is a single infrastructure that
reduces operational complexity for traditional workloads and
increases operational velocity for the new breed of applications and services. It’s the physical representation of HPE’s
Idea Economy outlook. The era of Composable Infrastructure
is upon us!
About This Book
In this 72‐page book, I explain what makes HPE Synergy tick.
After reading this book, you’ll know what comprises an HPE
Synergy environment, how it all fits together, and how it integrates with your existing data center.
Even if you choose to ignore everything else you read in this
book, never forget that, no matter how much money is saved,
if users can’t get their work done in a reasonable way, IT will
be seen as a failure. It’s up to forward‐thinking technologists
and leaders to figure out how to turn the IT function into a
driver of the business.
Foolish Assumptions
In writing this book, I made a few assumptions about you, the
reader:
✓✓You have at least a basic understanding of data center
computing, virtualization, and storage.
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2
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition ✓✓You work in IT and want to learn more about data center
architectures in general and composable infrastructure
and Synergy in particular.
✓✓You may be a member of your organization’s technical
staff, managerial staff, or executive staff.
Icons Used in This Book
Throughout this book, I use icons to help you better spot key
concepts. Here’s a guide to those icons:
When I tell you something so important that you need to
commit it to memory, I mark it with the Remember icon.
When I offer especially useful advice that you’ll want to keep
in mind as you analyze your own data center environment, I
mark it with the Tip icon.
Throughout this book, when I tell you about potential pitfalls,
I mark those paragraphs with the Warning icon. Make sure to
pay attention to save yourself time, money, or at least a big
headache.
Where to Go from Here
There’s only so much I can cover in 72 pages. To learn even
more about Synergy, visit www.hpe.com/info/synergy for
more information.
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Chapter 1
The Idea Economy and
Composable Infrastructure
In This Chapter
▶▶Reviewing the key ideas that comprise the Idea Economy
▶▶Discovering what makes an environment Composable
▶▶Establishing a baseline of Composable Infrastructure expectations
T
he world of the IT department is undergoing a fundamental change in how to do business.
Is that scary? For many, it may be. But there are really good
reasons for this change, and many of these reasons revolve
around continued challenges with the way that IT has traditionally done business.
This is not to say that IT has been doing everything wrong for
a decade. Far from it. IT departments have worked hard to
meet the needs of the business. But times change. Companies
change. The world changes around us. And that’s where we
are today.
Although IT is hard at work building out its current data
­centers, the world is changing. “The cloud” became ubiquitous with efficiency. Virtualization became the norm, but then
stalled out even as it supported more and bigger workloads.
Businesses became far more tech‐savvy than they were a
decade ago.
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4
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition This new business paradigm — known as the Idea Economy —
requires a different mindset and a different kind of infrastructure. It also results in critical outcomes, including the following:
✓✓Energized growth
✓✓Strengthened profitability
✓✓Boosted productivity
✓✓Enhanced innovation
✓✓Increased organizational agility
✓✓Improved customer experience
✓✓Reduced risk
Introducing Composable
Infrastructure
Supporting the Idea Economy requires rethinking IT. A key
way to achieve the goals of the Idea Economy is to move to a
technology environment known as Composable Infrastructure.
Composable Infrastructure helps organizations achieve
important objectives related to infrastructure, objectives that
are difficult — if not impossible — to achieve via traditional
means, such as the ability to do the following:
✓✓Deploy quickly with simple flexing, scaling, and updating
✓✓Run workloads anywhere — on physical servers, on virtual servers, or in containers
✓✓Operate any workload upon which the business depends,
without worrying about infrastructure resources or
­compatibility
✓✓Ensure the infrastructure is able to provide the right service levels so the business can stay in business
Anytime
Infrastructure deployment should become an on‐demand
activity that can be carried out by those who use it. Perhaps
one of the most popular examples of how this kind of demand‐
based deployment can be beneficial is DevOps.
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Chapter 1: The Idea Economy and Composable Infrastructure
5
The Idea Economy demands that IT become part of the fabric
of products and services that are rapidly innovated at every
company. IT must keep up and even lead if a business is to
remain competitive.
This situation has led to the rise of the DevOps culture currently sweeping the IT landscape. For organizations that seek
to embrace DevOps, collaboration is the cultural norm. No
longer are development and operations separated by different
chains of command. In a DevOps environment, development
and operations staff work side‐by‐side to support software
across its entire life cycle, from initial idea to production
­support.
To provide DevOps groups — as well as other stakeholders —
the IT infrastructure required at the rate at which it is
demanded, enterprise IT must increase its speed, agility,
and flexibility to enable people anytime composition and
re‐­composition of resources. Composable Infrastructure
enables this anytime paradigm.
Anywhere
Although hypervisor vendors might wish otherwise, a great
many enterprise workloads run on — gasp! — bare metal! In
other words, there are applications that are not virtualized;
they simply run on a server.
A number of today’s really hot technologies seem to forget
this fact. For example, as awesome as hyperconverged infrastructure can be for many organizations, with most hyperconverged solutions, having fully virtualized workloads is one of
the core prerequisites. In general, they won’t support bare
metal workloads.
Bare metal and virtualized workloads are just two application foundations that need to be supported in the modern
data center. Today, containers are emerging as a compelling
construct, providing significant benefits for certain kinds
of workloads. Unfortunately, with traditional infrastructure
approaches, IT needs to build out custom, unique infrastructure to support them, at least until an infrastructure is
deployed that can seamlessly handle physical, virtual, and
container‐based workloads.
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6
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition You may be charged with supporting all this and still be
required to use traditional infrastructure approaches.
Nightmare, expensive, and wow are three words that accurately describe the situation. Each environment would need
its own hardware and software and might even need its own
staff members supporting it. Hardware and software can be
expensive, but people are really expensive!
Composable Infrastructure provides an environment that
supports the ability to run physical, virtual, or containerized
workloads.
Any workload
Do you have a legacy on‐premises application that you have
to keep running? Do you have enterprise resource planning
(ERP) software that currently powers your business but that
will take ten years to phase out? At the same time, do you
have an emerging DevOps philosophy under which you’d
like to empower developers to dynamically create computing
environments as a part of their development efforts?
All these things can be accomplished simultaneously on
the right kind of infrastructure. Composable infrastructure
enables any workload to operate as a part of the architecture.
The right service level
Service levels — regardless of where an application or service
is deployed — are critical, even when a particular application is assigned low criticality. Service levels in a Composable
Infrastructure environment are enabled by providing users
with a fluid pool of resources, which include compute, storage, and networking.
Different applications will require different combinations of
these resources. Some will require very high‐performance
storage, while others may be able to work with lower levels
of storage performance. By providing an infrastructure on
which any workload can operate, the right service levels can
be established for each workload. This helps IT move to
on‐demand resource management. Only when something
unexpected happens — for example, a new application
is deployed that exceeds the capability of the existing
­environment — will IT be required to act.
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Chapter 2
HPE Synergy Overview
In This Chapter
▶▶Understanding the components that comprise an HPE Synergy
­environment
▶▶Identifying the key design principles that underlie the HPE Synergy
environment
▶▶Seeing how a stateless infrastructure enables eminent workload
mobility and agility
I
f you read Chapter 1, you know how Composable
Infrastructure can help you to accelerate your business,
but you may be wondering just how you can embrace this
architectural paradigm and shift your business into high gear.
That’s where HPE Synergy comes in. As a next‐generation
data center architectural option, Composable Infrastructure
embraces and extends key concepts and traits from the architectures that have come before it, including converged and
hyperconverged systems.
Simply trying to “bolt” Composable onto one of these less‐
inclusive architectures wouldn’t have resulted in a complete,
tightly integrated solution. With that in mind, HPE has developed the first platform architected for composability focused
solely on helping you achieve the key outcomes behind the
Idea Economy.
In this chapter, I fill you in on the primary characteristics of
HPE Synergy and how it meets the demands imposed by the
Idea Economy. Here, I stay in overview mode and touch on
how each of these characteristics contributes to HPE Synergy
as a whole. In subsequent chapters, I dive right into the
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8
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition deep end and go in‐depth on what makes each of these items
­actually tick.
HPE Synergy Design Principles
HPE Synergy is a new category of infrastructure designed
to bridge traditional and cloud‐native applications through
the implementation of composable infrastructure. The HPE
Synergy product line delivers on a series of key architectural principles, each of which is described in the following
­sections.
Fluid resource pools
Composable Infrastructure starts with fluid resource pools.
Composable pools of compute, storage, and fabric work as
a single structure, ready to boot up for any workload. Such
pools can also be instantly turned on and flexed to meet the
needs of any business application.
The fluid nature of this architecture effectively eliminates
stranded resources by enabling administrators to build the
environment in a way that disaggregates the underlying compute, storage, and fabric resources. In this context, disaggregation basically means that you’re able to scale each resource
individually. You aren’t forced to add resources that aren’t
required in order to get the resources you need.
Software‐defined intelligence
Software‐defined intelligence means that HPE Synergy bakes
intelligence right into the infrastructure and uses workload templates to tell the infrastructure how to compose, recompose, and
update on‐the‐fly in a very repeatable, frictionless manner.
With all resources controlled virtually as software elements,
practitioners gain control over their infrastructure and can
actually accelerate business in ways that were not possible
just a few years ago. The various infrastructure elements
simply become an extension of the software layer.
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Chapter 2: HPE Synergy Overview
9
Statelessness is a virtue
Perhaps one of the biggest challenges in today’s data center is the
fact that so many workloads have
a “state” associated with them in a
number of ways. In traditional environments, workloads are closely
linked to the specific underlying
hardware — ­physical or virtual —
upon which they run. For example,
every network adapter in a system
has a unique MAC address. Server
firmware and BIOS have revision
levels that are not always kept in
sync in a traditional environment.
The problem here is that workloads
may end up tethered to these states.
For example, you may have a workload with licensing that is tied to a
network adapter’s MAC address.
This makes workload mobility and
recovery very difficult because when
hardware fails — and it will fail from
time to time — all the state information that was tied to the failed hardware then needs to be re‐created at
a new location before the workload
can be brought back into service.
In short, this statefulness increases
downtime.
In a stateless architecture, such as
that provided by HPE Synergy, state
information is independent of hardware and can be easily shifted to a
new location, along with any workloads that are dependent upon that
state.
Unified application programming
interface
As organizations seek to implement infrastructure that is less
hands on and far more automated, it’s important to have the
tools — such as application programming interfaces (APIs) — to
accomplish this automation. With these tools, the infrastructure
can be programmed like code, bringing powerful Infrastructure‐
as‐a‐Service (IaaS) capabilities to the private data center.
The unified API can be served up to people who just want to
update existing apps or code new apps and be able to drive
infrastructure directly as code.
Architecture Overview
The HPE Synergy platform is composed of a number of ­elements,
which, when brought together, bring numerous ­benefits.
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10
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Composable frame
The HPE Synergy 12000 Frame is the hardware foundation for
HPE’s Composable vision and provides a location in which
compute, storage, fabric, and management are all aggregated.
The HPE Synergy 12000 Frame is optimized to include all
­elements to run any workload. It includes embedded management and is designed to support a wide range of compute
modules and storage options. The back of the frame includes
fabric interconnects, enabling flexibility with regard to storage and other interconnectivity needs.
The frame is designed to be optimized for longevity. HPE has
taken into consideration ongoing requirements from a power,
cooling, and bandwidth standpoint that may occur over the
next decade. You’ll be able to protect your investment even
while you go through multiple generations of compute, storage, and fabric resources. Plus, as technology moves from
copper connectivity to fiber optics, you’ll be able to upgrade
your environment to leverage this paradigm shift. The frame
is plumbed to allow you to grow from a bandwidth perspective, from 10 to 25, 40, and 100 GbE and beyond.
For more on the HPE Synergy 12000 Frame, turn to Chapter 3.
Composable management
HPE Synergy features two management components that
administrators use to administer workloads running in the
environment:
✓✓HPE Synergy Composer: HPE Synergy Composer, powered by HPE OneView, enables you to deploy, monitor,
update, and manage infrastructure through its life cycle
from one interface.
As the window into HPE Synergy, the Composer provisions compute, storage, and fabric resources using a template process. This allows infrastructure to be deployed
and consistently updated with the right configuration
parameters and firmware versions — streamlining the
delivery of IT services.
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Chapter 2: HPE Synergy Overview
11
✓✓HPE Synergy Image Streamer: Deploying a typical
operating system or hypervisor can be time consuming
because it requires customizing and/or copying each
image for each compute module. HPE Synergy Image
Streamer accelerates these processes through tight integration with HPE Synergy Composer templates.
The image payload consists of your compute module’s
profile (from HPE Synergy Composer), your golden image
(the operating environment with a bootable operating
system and application and the I/O driver version) and
the personality (the operating system and application
configuration). Through the template, bootable images
are deployed across stateless compute modules using a
simple, consistent process.
For more information on HPE Synergy management modules
and capabilities, turn to Chapters 4 and 5.
Composable compute
Running multiple workloads requires the use of compute modules with a wide, unrestricted choice of CPU and RAM. In an
HPE Synergy environment, compute modules provide the performance, scalability, CPU and memory density optimization,
storage simplicity, and configuration flexibility that enable a
variety of workload support.
Beyond CPU and RAM, HPE Synergy compute modules can
optionally provide many local storage choices, converged networking, as well as specialized graphics capabilities for workloads that require such resources.
For more information on HPE Synergy compute modules, turn
to Chapter 6.
Composable storage
HPE Synergy provides support for file, block, and object‐
based storage systems and supports a variety of both internal and external storage modules and arrays. For example,
Synergy direct attached storage modules support everything
from traditional applications such as Microsoft Exchange or
database applications to Hadoop Analytics.
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12
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Administrators can also choose HPE StoreVirtual VSA to
create virtualized clusters supported by HPE Synergy storage
modules allowing you to take advantage of tiering for performance on a highly dense, scalable storage platform with the
flexibility required for their VMs and VDI solutions.
If you need high‐powered, highly scalable storage, HPE Synergy
offers a fully composable Tier 1 flash storage option, leveraging
the proven HPE 3PAR platform. It’s a great performance storage
option that scales easily to support data-intensive and missioncritical applications.
The world of storage in an HPE Synergy environment is discussed in much more depth in Chapter 7.
Composable fabric
Fabric is a critical component in any environment and has
often been a difficult resource to integrate and manage. HPE
Synergy effectively eliminates these challenges by enabling
rack‐scale multifabric connectivity, which eliminates the
need for standalone top‐of‐rack switches, improves performance, provides cost efficient scaling, and simplifies life-cycle
­management.
HPE Synergy fabric provides workloads with high‐performance
connectivity that easily integrates with existing SAN/LAN infrastructure. The fabric allows you to create a pool of capacity
that can be configured to rapidly provision infrastructure. With
wire‐once, change‐ready templates, you can move workloads
and make updates without having to modify the network.
With support for native Fibre Channel, Fibre Channel over
Ethernet (FCoE), and Flat SAN storage connectivity, the composable fabric has the ability to support any storage that your
workloads demand.
Fabric is a key interconnect resource; for more information,
turn to Chapter 8.
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Chapter 3
HPE Synergy Frame
In This Chapter
▶▶Looking at the general architectural design of the HPE Synergy frame
▶▶Seeing how the frame provides an ultra‐high‐speed, highly available
design and experience
▶▶Finding out about all the future‐proofing engineered into the HPE
Synergy frame
T
he HPE Synergy 12000 frame is the foundation of HPE
Synergy and accommodates compute, storage, fabric, and
management in a single infrastructure.
In your journey to Synergy‐based composable goodness, you
can start an environment with just a single frame, or you can
start with a rack or racks of frames. And then, simply through
a single Composer appliance, you can connect multiple frames
with overarching management.
Just like you wouldn’t buy a brand‐new sports car without
understanding what it can do, you shouldn’t buy new data
center infrastructure without a bit of a speeds‐and‐feeds
assessment. In this chapter, I’m going to provide you with
enough information about the HPE Synergy frame so you have
a very clear idea of what it can do for you.
General Architecture
Physically, each of your new HPE Synergy 12000 frames
consumes just 10U of rack space in a standard 19‐inch rack,
making it easy to deploy in any current data center environment. Like any good expandable and scalable data center element, your frame sports module bays that you use to extend
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14
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition its capabilities. The frame’s front module bays offer flexibility
to integrate a broad portfolio of compute and storage modules of different types and sizes, while also providing bays for
management appliances. But you’re not just buying for today.
You have tomorrow to think about, too. To that end, the
Synergy 12000 frame incorporates future‐proofing designs to
support the components and new technologies of tomorrow.
In Figure 3‐1, you can see the front of the enclosure and where
each component fits.
Figure 3-1: The front of the HPE Synergy frame.
Before we jump into workload support, let’s take a peek at
what keeps the electricity and cool air flowing through each
of your frames. First, in order to make installation as easy as
possible, the frame uses standard 8.2kW power feeds. Each
frame supports up to six 2,650‐watt power supplies that are
96 percent efficient with 80PLUS Titanium certification. More
efficient power supplies translate to lower electrical usage,
which reduces your electric bill each month.
Even today’s power‐sipping solid‐state disks and other components will get hot if not properly cooled. As such, each
Synergy frame provides an efficient cooling system, with ten
built‐in fans included. No more having to guess how much
cooling you need now or in the future.
All of this — and more — slots into the rear of the frame.
Figure 3‐2 shows you what the back of the frame looks like.
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Chapter 3: HPE Synergy Frame
15
Figure 3-2: The rear of the HPE frame.
I go into much more depth about the individual frame components throughout this book.
Appliance bays: Embedded
management
Every HPE Synergy 12000 frame features two bays that are
designed to house management appliances, including HPE
Synergy Composer and Image Streamer. With two appliance
bays in every frame, full redundancy of the management infrastructure is built in while leaving room for future appliances
in multi‐frame environments. To make things even more reliable, redundant appliances may be placed in different frames
in a group of linked multi‐frames.
The frame’s design physically embeds HPE Synergy Composer
with HPE OneView management software to compose compute, storage, and fabric resources in any configuration. HPE
Synergy frames may be linked into larger groups or domains
of frames to form a dedicated management network, increasing resources available to the business and IT efficiency as
the size of the infrastructure grows — achieving both CapEx
and OpEx economies of scale.
Appliance bays link directly to the frame Link Modules in the
rear to provide detailed information regarding compute, storage, and fabric resources.
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16
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Currently, there are two management appliances available for
the Synergy appliance bays:
✓✓HPE Synergy Composer
✓✓HPE Synergy Image Streamer
Device module bays
HPE Synergy module bays accept a variety of compute
and storage modules. The frame’s flexible design supports
half‐height, full‐height, and full‐height double‐wide compute
­modules, and a half‐height double‐wide storage module.
Front panel
The front panel on every frame offers a direct connection
to the Synergy console or KVM connection point to the
Composer. On multiple linked frames, it provides a single
management connection point to HPE OneView for all frames
in the management ring.
Interconnect bays
The back of the frame sports a number of bays to enable connection of HPE Synergy frames with a whole neighborhood of
components, including frames, networking, and power, while
also providing efficient cooling with ten built‐in fans.
I’ll focus here on the frame connectivity side of things. Let me
start by quickly mentioning that you’re not stuck with just a
single frame. You can operate a Synergy environment with
multiple racks of frames in a single management ring, all managed by the Composer. Frames connect to each other via a
frame link module and a simple cable.
Each frame also supports up to three fully redundant fabric
bays for many fabric Interconnect Module combinations.
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Chapter 3: HPE Synergy Frame
17
The management ring and frame
Link Modules
Frame Link Modules provide the link from the management
appliances to the resources in each frame. Each frame has
two slots for full redundancy. The frame Link Module (shown
in Figure 3‐3) is the key point for providing resource and
health information of the frame to the management appliances. On each frame Link Module, there is a management
port for access to the Composer management appliance by
the admin and link ports for multi‐frame linking and setup. In
addition, this new frame link topology or ring option for linked
systems offers debug and diagnostics benefits to the systems.
Figure 3-3: The HPE Synergy frame Link Module.
The management ring operates on a highly available isolated
10 GbE infrastructure network, providing more than sufficient
management bandwidth for today and tomorrow. Traversing
this link is all the Synergy resource information and telemetry
for each frame connected in the ring.
In a multi‐frame infrastructure, you don’t need to buy
Composer or Image Streamer appliances for each and every
frame. Instead, you get to enjoy economies of scale! You
need to deploy just a single pair of Composers and/or Image
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18
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Streamer appliances, which can support multiple racks of
frames with full redundancy.
Figure 3‐4 shows multiple full racks of Synergy frames, all
powered by a set of two management appliances deployed in
a highly available, ring configuration.
Figure 3-4: Multi-frame Synergy environment.
The midplane and speeds
and feeds
The frame’s direct‐connect midplane delivers a whopping 16.128 Tb/s of bandwidth and is future‐proofed with a
­photonic‐ready design that will exceed bandwidth requirements for the next decade. In other words, you won’t have
to replace your frames anytime in the near future, and they’ll
support multiple generations of modules, ensuring that your
infrastructure investment is well protected.
This high‐bandwidth midplane means you don’t need to compromise when it comes to the performance of interconnectivity in the frame.
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Chapter 3: HPE Synergy Frame
19
Photonics ready
As with everything in IT, seismic shifts often disrupt entire
industries and have the potential to supplant existing
­equipment in favor of new designs. Today, most data center
hardware — with the exception of networking — is based on
copper interconnectivity. In the coming years, however, we
should begin to see more of this copper‐based connectivity
transition to glass‐based fiber optics.
With that will come entirely new server designs and many
companies will be forced to re‐create their entire product
portfolios to accommodate the change. With Synergy, HPE
has designed a solution that is able to easily transition to photonics as copper use declines. As such, you won’t need to rip
and replace your Synergy frames and modules.
Ensuring Reliability,
Availability, and Flexibility
Although we’ve already covered a whole lot regarding the reliability, availability, and flexibility of the frame, the power of
these characteristics can’t be overstated. In the HPE Synergy
frame, these characteristics are brought to life thanks to the
midplane, which provides massive levels of growth potential.
The HPE Synergy 12000 frame includes a number of features
that improve the overall reliability, availability, and flexibility
of the platform:
✓✓Three redundant fabrics: HPE Synergy Composable
Fabric module bays support up to three redundant fabrics
per frame, and the QSFP unified ports can be configured
for either Ethernet or Fibre Channel.
✓✓Redundant management modules.
✓✓Ring‐based management architecture.
Table 3‐1 provides you with a high‐level summary of the characteristics and capabilities of each HPE Synergy 12000 frame.
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20
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Table 3-1 The HPE Synergy 12000 Frame in a Nutshell
Model
12000 frame
Rack units
10U per frame
Compute bays
12 half‐height, 6 full‐height, 3 full‐height
­double‐wide
Module types
Half‐height, full‐height, double‐wide full‐height
compute modules, double‐wide half‐height
storage module
Fabrics supported
3+3 Redundant Fabric Modules Ethernet/FCoE,
Fibre Channel, and SAS
Management
HPE Synergy Composer powered by HPE
OneView
Total bandwidth
16.128 Tb
Cooling
10 fans (included)
Power
6x 2650 W, 96% efficiency, –48 V dc, 277 V ac,
380 V dc
These materials are © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Any dissemination, distribution, or unauthorized use is strictly prohibited.
Chapter 4
HPE Synergy Composer
In This Chapter
▶▶Simplifying deployment and configuration of resources in your
­environment
▶▶Accelerating updates using templates
▶▶Automating applications and workloads using the Unified API
C
omposable Infrastructure allows flexible handling of
resources to address both traditional environments
and the cloud‐like environments of the Idea Economy. HPE
Synergy Composer is the management appliance that brings
Composable Infrastructure to life (see Figure 4‐1).
Figure 4-1: HPE Synergy Composer management appliance.
HPE Synergy Composer is a hardware management appliance
that is powered by HPE OneView. Composer provides a single
interface for assembling and reassembling flexible compute,
storage, and fabric resources to support business‐critical
applications and a variety of workloads, whether they are
bare metal, virtualized, or containerized.
“Infrastructure as code” allows physical and virtual infrastructure elements to be programmed and treated like software
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22
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition code. It provides on‐demand delivery and support of applications and services with consistent governance, compliance,
and integration. This approach accelerates the transformation
to a hybrid infrastructure.
HPE Synergy Composer provides life-cycle management to
deploy, monitor, and update your infrastructure using a
single interface or the Unified API. IT departments can rapidly
deploy infrastructure for traditional, virtualized, and cloud
environments in just a few minutes — sometimes in a single
step. Resources can be updated, expanded, flexed, and redeployed without service interruptions.
Deploy with Auto‐Discovery
Getting a Synergy environment up and running is very easy
using Composer. First, a technician racks and connects the
frame in the data center. Second, they ensure that the frame
has power and network connectivity and is connected to all
other frames in the ring.
Once powered on, Synergy Composer performs automatic
out‐of‐the‐box discovery and error checking for auto‐
assimilation of all resources. All linked frames and resources
are discovered in minutes.
The technician can access an installation and startup wizard
by connecting a laptop or crash cart to a display port on the
front of the frame. This wizard allows the technician to have
appropriate system access to do their job without having full
control over the management environment. An installation
screen shows the technician which hardware issues need to
be corrected, such as poorly seated components or wiring
errors. These issues are highlighted as red or yellow warnings. When all issues have been corrected and all the notifications are green, the technician knows that the hardware setup
is complete and accurate (see Figure 4‐2).
The Composer appliance can be accessed from any frame in
the management ring. The startup wizard allows the technician to check that all components and connections are properly installed and compliant. Anything that would impair the
ability of the devices to operate properly will be identified and
corrected using this process.
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Chapter 4: HPE Synergy Composer
23
Figure 4-2: Technician’s guidance for initial configuration.
Composer also simplifies system health monitoring by providing a streamlined, modern alert management architecture.
Resources are automatically discovered, inventoried, and
set up for monitoring. This includes the automatic registration of traps and scheduling of health data collection, along
with reports and a customizable dashboard (see Figure 4‐3).
Synergy compute modules are monitored immediately without requiring additional configuration or discovery steps.
Figure 4-3: Dashboard for systems health and monitoring with customized
alerts.
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24
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Provision with Templates
Reduce, reuse, recycle! It’s not just about saving the environment. You can apply similar concepts via templates in
the world of composable. HPE Synergy Composer uses HPE
OneView templates to provision compute, storage, and
fabric resources.
Templates are the single point of control for defining compute module requirements with their associated storage and
fabrics. They can also monitor, flag, and remediate the server
profiles associated with them. Templates are key to delivering
“infrastructure as code” capabilities.
As organizations seek to reduce IT costs while maintaining
quality, templates become increasingly important. Users can
quickly provision or update multiple servers in minutes using
a single template for fast time‐to‐service. IT organizations
can also capture their own best practices into templates for
­“infrastructure as code” consistency and repeatability, as
shown in Figure 4‐4. Templates give IT the agility they need to
respond to changing business needs.
Figure 4-4: Templates build in your best practices to deliver consistent
services.
Templates provision flexible blocks of composable compute,
storage, and fabric resources together with their state — BIOS
settings, firmware, drivers, and so on. IT can quickly create
infrastructures specific to their application needs, and can
eliminate time‐consuming provisioning processes that cross
organization and operational silos, which often delay projects
for weeks or months.
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Chapter 4: HPE Synergy Composer
25
Grow Your Environment
You can easily grow your Synergy environment by adding
more frames to support more workloads and add more storage, and you won’t need to worry about scaling your management points at the same time. With a pair of HPE Synergy
Composer appliances, you can manage racks of frames in
a high‐availability environment. In Figure 4‐5, you can see
that this set of racks is being managed by a single pair of
Composer appliances.
Figure 4-5: HPE Synergy high‐availability management with scaling.
Further scaling across multiple environments (and Synergy
appliances) is possible using HPE OneView Global Dashboard.
Accelerate Life-Cycle Operations
Perhaps one of the biggest challenges in IT these days is
maintaining predictable infrastructure performance and availability. To this end, uptime and speed are key objectives of
life-cycle operations.
Templates allow changes to be implemented automatically,
reducing manual interactions and errors. Change operations —
such as adding more storage to a service, modifying network
connectivity, or updating firmware — are implemented via
­templates with ease and accuracy.
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26
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition HPE Synergy lets you orchestrate firmware updates without
impacting operations. With frictionless life-cycle operations,
updates can automatically be implemented to compute modules without disruptive downtime. HPE Composer aids the
frictionless updates by providing a single firmware/driver
set in which all the firmware and system software are tested
together as a single solution stack. The application owner has
options on how to activate the update process, by launching it on demand or by aligning it to application maintenance
­windows.
Operational efficiency is increasingly important these days.
HPE Synergy simplifies life-cycle operations so that IT can
­confidently change the infrastructure while ­dramatically
­reducing service interruptions, operational costs, and
planned downtime.
HPE Synergy Composer templates also provide monitoring and
flagging capabilities with remediation. Thus, profiles created
from the template are monitored for configuration compliance.
When inconsistencies are detected — sometimes referred to
as “drifting from a baseline configuration” — an alert is generated indicating that the profile is out of compliance with its
template. Or when a new update is made at the template level,
all profiles derived from that template will be flagged as inconsistent. Once detected and flagged, the user has complete
control over the remediation process for bringing individual
modules or multiple systems back into compliance.
Templates and statelessness
Server templates are a powerful way
to quickly and reliably update and
maintain existing infrastructure for
the long term. HPE Synergy Composer
uses templates to simplify one‐to‐
many updates and manage compute
module profiles. This feature adds
inheritance to the process, meaning
that updates can be made once in the
template, and then propagated out to
the server profiles created from that
template. Elements such as firmware,
BIOS settings, local RAID settings,
boot order, network configuration,
and shared storage configurations
can be updated via a template to save
time and energy. These template‐
driven processes deliver Synergy
stateless operations in a way to keep
from driving administrators crazy!
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Chapter 4: HPE Synergy Composer
27
Unified API
A business‐friendly IT infrastructure needs to be able to
quickly and easily automate infrastructure processes. The
“infrastructure as code” mindset enables administrators and
developers to program infrastructure to meet business needs.
The Unified API allows Synergy Composer users to programmatically access all the management functions that might be
invoked through the HPE Synergy Composer user interface.
The Unified API operates at a very high level of abstraction
and makes actions repeatable, which saves time and reduces
errors. For example, you can use an HPE Synergy template
to “provision a server” using one line of code in the API (see
Figure 4‐6). You can also use this API to control other routine
operational and maintenance tasks in your IT environment.
Figure 4-6: Unified API enables infrastructure requests using a single line
of code.
The Unified API in HPE Synergy can be used for discovering,
searching, inventorying, configuring, provisioning, updating,
and diagnosing composable resources. This single API eliminates the need for multiple low‐level programming interfaces,
so administrators and software developers can be more productive.
HPE Synergy’s fully programmatic interface integrates into
popular management tools for traditional management environments, such as Microsoft System Center and VMware
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28
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition vCenter. It also integrates into popular open‐source automation and configuration management tools like Chef, Puppet,
Python, Powershell, Java, Ruby, OpenStack, and others. This
capability of the Unified API to integrate into a variety of environments means composable infrastructure can support IT
in both traditional applications and applications of the Idea
Economy.
The Unified API uses modern REST protocols to create, aggregate, and host internal IT resources so automation tools can
provision on‐demand and pragmatically. Developers don’t
need to have a detailed understanding of the underlying
physical elements. By connecting automation tools with HPE
OneView, bare‐metal infrastructure can be directed the same
way as virtual and public cloud resources.
High‐Availability Architecture
The entire Synergy management architecture is designed with
hardware redundancy for high availability (HA) operations.
Synergy Composer appliances can be deployed in pairs
for hardware redundancy, as shown in Figure 4‐5. Pairs of
Composer appliances also operate in active‐standby mode
with failover so that the loss of a single appliance won’t
impact the ability to manage the environment.
Synergy Frame Link Modules link frames to form a management network and present appropriate device information to
Composer for management. Frame Link Modules link frames
into larger groups, or domains, to form a dedicated, highly
available, multi‐frame management network. This dedicated
10Gb air‐gapped management network provides management security and enables automatic discovery and change
­detection.
Synergy’s ring‐based management architecture ensures
that a Composer appliance is always available for use. If a
link is compromised in one direction, traffic can flow in the
other direction in the ring to maintain communication with a
Composer appliance.
These materials are © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Any dissemination, distribution, or unauthorized use is strictly prohibited.
Chapter 5
HPE Synergy Image
Streamer
In This Chapter
▶▶Streamlining and automating the workload provisioning process
▶▶Getting a complete administrative experience
▶▶Seeing why traditional workload deployment methods aren’t enough
T
he Idea Economy demands infrastructure that is fluid,
flexible, and hyper‐connected. But how can composable
infrastructure rapidly deploy new operating systems, keep
BIOS and firmware revisions in sync, and provision new compute modules with cloudlike speeds?
Magic!
But, if you’re not an actual magician, you can act like one with
HPE Synergy Image Streamer (shown in Figure 5‐1).
Figure 5-1: HPE Synergy Image Streamer management appliance.
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30
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition HPE Synergy Image Streamer adds a powerful dimension to
profiles and templates — the ability to manage physical servers like virtual machines. Image Streamer enables administrators to perform fast logical server deployments and updates
to compute modules.
Manage Servers like
Virtual Machines
The Image Streamer works with HPE Synergy Composer
to provision compute modules with bootable images created from your predefined set of golden images. With these
golden images, you can deploy and update infrastructure with
unmatched speed and agility.
Image Streamer creates bootable images for compute modules
from your golden image. These bootable images are captured
into an enhanced server profile as software structures (see
Figure 5‐2). These software structures, or “infrastructure as
code,” can be constructed and/or updated in seconds.
Figure 5-2: Enhanced server profiles capture hardware state and software
state.
The Image Streamer appliance maintains a physical appliance
repository for all your software images. Golden images can be
rapidly cloned to create unique bootable images for compute
modules. This enables you to quickly boot new “bare metal”
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Chapter 5: HPE Synergy Image Streamer
31
compute modules directly into a running OS, or to update
existing compute modules with software changes.
Image Streamer ensures high availability by providing redundant repositories of bootable images, which are securely
stored so you don’t have to worry about prying eyes. Single‐
frame configurations with a single Image Streamer appliance
might be used for development, but multi‐frame configurations with at least one pair of Image Streamers are required
for production high‐availability operations.
Image Streamer uses redundant appliances to provide high‐
availability operation (active‐standby management) and to
securely store your bootable images.
Image Streamers are tied to the fabric. Large environments
may need multiple pairs of Image Streamer appliances to meet
increasing needs.
Streamlined Deployment
Let’s compare the centralized, streamlined processes of Image
Streamer with the traditional sequential processes for building new servers.
Traditional processes have a number of discrete steps, which
are repeated for additional nodes:
✓✓Provision a physical server.
✓✓Deploy the operating system.
✓✓Configure the various OS components.
✓✓Install I/O drivers.
✓✓Install your hypervisor.
✓✓Deploy application stacks.
✓✓Perform application configuration.
Administrators using HPE Image Streamer can create and
deploy bootable images for multiple compute nodes in a
single instance, with the OS and application stacks included.
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32
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition These ready‐to‐run Image Streamer environments use a
simple process:
1.Identify the image.
2. Identify the deployment plan.
3. Push the button.
You’ll find that Image Streamer is far faster than traditional
processes. Perhaps more important, its processes are far less
error prone than a traditional manual deployment.
Why? Because fewer moving parts and repetitions means
there is less opportunity to introduce human error into the
deployments.
If security is another source of sheer frustration, then Image
Streamer provides even more good news: Unlike traditional
deployments, Image Streamer doesn’t rely on notoriously finicky and security‐unfriendly PXE booting in order to operate.
Image Streamer automatically creates and mounts its boot
volumes as iSCSI devices for compute modules.
Image Streamer Outcomes
Image Streamer helps companies embrace the ideals of the
Idea Economy by fully automating deployments, rapidly
updating infrastructure, and centralizing compliance to infrastructure standards. By streamlining the deployment and
update processes, organizations can gain tremendous flexibility and agility in their operations.
Automating operations
Image Streamer will enable you to automate deployments and
updates of compute modules using software‐defined intelligence and stateless infrastructure operation. When combined
with the Unified API, you’re also able to control all your processes programmatically.
This is a new paradigm for how to manage images in compute
modules. You’ll realize improved administrator control over
images for multiple nodes while improving operating ­efficiencies
and dramatically increasing agility. It’s a win‐win proposition.
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Chapter 5: HPE Synergy Image Streamer
33
HPE Image Streamer automates operations using similar
processes for both initial deployments and image updates.
Deployments are performed from your golden images, complete with operating environments and personalities, at
extreme speed. Using Image Streamer, bare‐metal compute
modules can be booted directly into a running OS (or into a
running application, if it’s captured in your golden image)!
The operating image may include the full operating environment with a bootable OS and application stack, as well as the
necessary I/O drivers. The personality includes the hostname,
IP configuration, MAC address, and much more.
Updates are performed by capturing a currently running
image, revising it to create a new golden image, creating new
boot images, and then rapidly redeploying them. Each compute module is then rebooted to run on its new boot image.
Voilà! HPE Image Streamer provides a simple user experience
to accomplish compute boot/run provisioning and operating
system deployment so that you can minimize any downtime
related to ongoing maintenance tasks.
By leveraging Unified API access to HPE Image Streamer, you
enable programmatic control of its functions. In other words,
you can script against it. Provisioning can be controlled
from the GUI or it can be seamlessly integrated into existing
scripting processes to achieve a truly hands‐off data center
administration experience. This allows partners, developers,
and users to integrate, automate, and customize HPE Image
Streamer use for scaling across large infrastructure blocks.
DevOps adopters
For those who have adopted DevOps,
the Unified API can help you to create
applications that can automatically
deploy new infrastructure elements
as necessary. For example, if you
have an application that senses that
the web server tier is becoming burdened, the application can simply
make an API call to Image Streamer
and automatically deploy an additional web server to handle the
increased demand and then, once
the load has decreased, remove
that new web server instance and
return those resources back to the
resource pool.
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34
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Running stateless operations
Image Streamer enables true stateless operation by integrating
your profiles with your golden images and your personalities
for rapid implementation onto available hardware. Operations
are performed in software for implementation onto hardware
at a later point in time.
True stateless operation allows IP addresses to be assigned
to software — for example, to operating systems (similar
to the way IP addresses have been assigned to hardware).
Stateless operation allows environment planning apart from
hardware and for fast implementation onto hardware when it
is ­available.
True stateless operation can simplify systems design and save
you money. For example, you may be able to run diskless systems and save the cost of local hard drives and storage controllers (see Figure 5‐3).
Figure 5-3: Stateless virtualization deployment architecture with Image
Streamer.
With HPE Synergy Image Streamer, images can be created
and then instantly cloned, personalized with a host name
and IP addresses, and then booted as if they were from a
SAN environment. Unlike booting from SAN environments, no
additional setup or configuration is needed. Image Streamer
can be set up faster and more efficiently than a boot‐from‐SAN
environment, and it can deploy new images more quickly and
at lower cost than traditional on‐server boot disks.
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Chapter 5: HPE Synergy Image Streamer
35
Centralizing compliance
Compliance is an increasing concern for IT organizations,
whether it be regulations, security vulnerabilities, or simple
“configuration drift.” HPE Image Streamer centralizes and
automates image management to help address these concerns. Stateless operation separates the image profile from
the hardware to make image updates and changes easy.
To update an image, IT administrators just revise the profile to associate with a new boot image. When the compute
module is rebooted, the profile automatically updates to connect the module to the new image. Rollbacks are similarly
accomplished by simply changing the profile back to the
original boot image, followed by a reboot. This update process avoids complex and time‐consuming patching processes
across multiple nodes.
HPE Synergy Image Streamer automates the seamless configuration, provisioning, and updating of composable infrastructure. This unlocks the value of faster delivery of on‐demand
resources.
Operation with Composer
Deploying a traditional OS or hypervisor can be time consuming because it requires customizing and/or copying each
image for each server. HPE Synergy Image Streamer accelerates these processes by tightly integrating with HPE Synergy
Composer. Together, these management appliances integrate
processes to reduce complexity and provides infrastructure
consistency.
One of the true advantages of this integration is the ability to
rapidly deploy an entire application stack. The “deployed software image” is whatever you capture into your golden image.
If you capture the application stack into your golden image,
then this can also be rapidly deployed and updated!
How would this work in a real‐life example? Suppose you have
a web application that you need to deploy into the Synergy
infrastructure. Composer will auto‐discover and assimilate the
resources in your Synergy infrastructure for your use. Image
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36
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Streamer will work with Composer to identify and create boot
images for your compute nodes using your golden image.
Image Streamer will deploy your golden image (including your
web application, if it was included in your golden image) to
the compute modules using your deployment plan. There is
no need for you to provision specific resources in advance.
Synergy will simply take what is needed and will return the
unused resources back to the resource pool for use by other
applications.
Figure 5‐4 shows Synergy displaying its Image Streamer
resources.
Figure 5-4: HPE Synergy displaying its Image Streamer resources.
The composable infrastructure process can be used for a
wide variety of applications. It can be used for bare metal,
­virtualized, or containerized workloads. The infrastructure
will identify and use whatever resources it needs to run.
When the application is no longer needed, it will seamlessly
return the resources to the pool. Try that with a traditional
infrastructure!
These materials are © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Any dissemination, distribution, or unauthorized use is strictly prohibited.
Chapter 6
HPE Synergy
Composable Compute
In This Chapter
▶▶Examining the breadth of the HPE Synergy compute module portfolio
▶▶Seeing the benefits of Intel’s latest E5 v4 and E7 v4 series processors
▶▶Looking at the adapters available with HPE Synergy compute modules
D
riving a truly agile and efficient IT infrastructure
requires the transformation of traditionally rigid
­physical systems into flexible physical or virtual resource
pools. HPE Synergy Composable Compute creates a pool
of flexible compute capacity that can be configured almost
instantly to rapidly provision infrastructure for a broad range
of applications.
HPE Synergy compute modules are available in both two- and
four‐socket sizes, which provide significant levels of performance, scalability, density optimization, storage simplicity,
and configuration flexibility. In this chapter, you’ll be introduced to the HPE Synergy compute module lineup.
Systems Portfolio
HPE Synergy compute modules come in a variety of shapes
and sizes, with a wide variety of options to meet workload
demands ranging from general purpose to mission critical.
Table 6‐1 gives you a look at an overview of the Synergy compute modules available from HPE.
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38
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Table 6-1 HPE Synergy Compute Module Portfolio
Overview
Model
Size
Sockets Max RAM Local
(64GB
Storage
/128GB
DIMMs)
Mezzanine
Connectors
HPE
Synergy
480 Gen9
Compute
Module
Half‐
height
1 or 2
1.5/3.0TB
2 SFF
SAS/
SATA,
2 SFF
NVMe
or 4 uFF
drives
3
HPE
Synergy
620 Gen9
Compute
Module
Full‐
height
1 or 2
3TB
2 SFF
SAS/
SATA
or 2 SFF
NVMe
or 4 uFF
drives
5
HPE
Synergy
660 Gen9
Compute
Module
Full‐
height
2 or 4
3/6TB
4 SFF
SAS/
SATA
or 4 SFF
NVMe
or 8 uFF
drives
6
HPE
Synergy
680 Gen9
Compute
Module
Full‐
height,
Double‐
width
4
6TB
4 SFF
10
SAS/
SATA or 8
uFF SATA
or 4 SFF
NVMe
or 8 uFF
drives
Right‐sizing compute
Choose from any of the available Synergy compute modules
to power many different types of workloads.
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Chapter 6: HPE Synergy Composable Compute
39
HPE Synergy 480
The HPE Synergy 480 Gen9 compute module (shown in
Figure 6‐1) delivers the capacity, efficiency, and flexibility
to power demanding workloads and high levels of virtual
machine density by providing a full range of processor
choices, storage options, and a simplified I/O architecture. It’s
designed to optimize general‐purpose enterprise workload
performance including business processing, IT infrastructure,
web infrastructure, and collaborative and high‐performance
computing in physical and virtualized environments.
Figure 6-1: HPE Synergy 480 compute module.
The HPE Synergy 480 Gen9 Compute Module delivers up to 24
DIMM slots (1.5 TB of RAM with 64GB/DIMM), and supports
the entire Intel E5 v4 two‐socket processor family without
any DIMM slot restrictions. Increased memory footprint and
performance support more demanding bare‐metal workloads,
and greater consolidation and efficiency are achieved through
an increase in virtual machine density per compute module.
The Synergy 480 compute module is also uniquely suitable
for virtual desktop environments thanks to its support for the
NVIDIA Tesla M6 MXM Mezzanine Card. Additional MXM form
factors and GPU options are available.
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40
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition HPE Synergy 660
The HPE Synergy 660 Gen9 compute module (shown in
Figure 6‐2) easily handles data‐intensive workloads. This is a
full‐height module sporting two or four sockets of Intel Xeon
E5 goodness, 48 DIMM slots providing up to 3 TB of available
memory, flexible I/O fabric connectivity, with six available
mezzanine slots and a plethora of storage options. The HPE
Synergy 660 offers a large memory footprint and powerful processors required to support more data‐intensive workloads.
All HPE Synergy compute modules support a variety of different processors. They also have the same memory options and
other similar architectural features for a seamless experience.
Figure 6-2: HPE Synergy 660 compute module.
HPE Synergy 620 and 680
The HPE Synergy 620 (shown in Figure 6‐3) sports one or two
sockets, while the HPE Synergy 680 (shown in Figure 6‐4) is
a four‐socket Gen 9 x86 compute module. These compute
modules support E7 processors to give you the highest‐­
performing, as well as the most reliable and resilient, options.
You get maximum virtual machine density and choices that
are perfect for IT projects such as in‐memory workloads, high‐
availability requirements, and server consolidation.
These compute modules have almost 40 more RAS features
than their EP counterparts, and support twice the RAM (24
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Chapter 6: HPE Synergy Composable Compute
41
DIMMs per processor), providing up to 1.5TB or 6TB maximum RAM with 64GB DIMMs in the two‐socket and four‐socket
models, respectively. Ideal for financial, insurance, healthcare, manufacturing, and retail enterprises, these compute
modules are intended for any enterprise that requires very
high levels of availability and memory, extended versatility,
and real‐time performance.
Figure 6-3: HPE Synergy 620 compute module.
Figure 6-4: HPE Synergy 680 compute module.
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42
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Workloads
You can power any enterprise workload with the complete
family of Synergy compute modules, as shown in Figure 6‐5.
Figure 6-5: Compute module workload comparison.
Intel Xeon v4 processors drive Synergy
compute modules
The features found in the Xeon v4
processors can be summarized into
three general categories: orchestration, security, and performance.
Orchestration
With Resource Director, the processor can more efficiently and dynamically manage resources like cache
and memory.
✓✓ Cache monitoring technology: Provides additional insight
by monitoring the last‐level
cache (LLC) utilization by individual threads, applications, or
VMs. With this technology, the
system can more easily provide
advanced real‐time provisioning
and resource‐aware scheduling
decisions.
✓✓ Cache allocation technology:
Prioritizes important virtual
machines, containers, or applications through software‐guided
redistribution of LLC capacity.
✓✓ Memory bandwidth monitoring:
This feature extends what is
available via cache monitoring
technology by providing monitoring services for each and every
running thread. This feature
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Chapter 6: HPE Synergy Composable Compute
helps to identify services that
may be consuming excessive
memory bandwidth, helping to
ensure that memory resources
are applied evenly.
✓✓ Code and data prioritization:
Extends the cache allocation
technology feature by enabling
separate control over code and
data placement in the last‐level
(L3) cache
Security
Existing processor features have
been augmented with new instructions, resulting in an encryption performance boost of up to 70 percent.
The processors provide more secure
key generation with non‐deterministic
key generation.
Performance
Intel’s processor lineup provides a
number of performance enhancements, including the ability for scale‐
out workloads to achieve higher
turbo speeds without being capped.
Plus, with support for high‐speed
DDR4, systems can achieve up to an
8 percent increase in performance.
43
On the virtualization front, the Intel
processors support the following:
✓✓ Hosted interrupts: Reduces
latency when there is a lot of
data access or I/O between virtual machines or between the
processor and a virtual machine.
This feature can reduce latency
by up to 88 percent.
✓✓ Page modification locking:
Keeps dirty guest pages in
check. For example, if a guest
VM is moving from host A to
host B, some guest pages may
remain on another server. This
feature keeps these dirty pages
in check, enabling more efficient
VM migration performance.
In addition to all the capabilities
mentioned above, the EX processors have almost 40 additional RAS
(reliability, availability, and serviceability) features in the areas of CPU,
QPI, Memory, System, and I/O. They
also support twice the DIMMs per
­processor to fuel the quickest and
most reliable data storage instantly
retrievable from cache.
Local Storage
HPE Synergy Composable Compute’s flexible design optimizes
internal storage choices to match workload requirements. If
local drives are desired, each compute module has a flexible,
front‐bezel design that includes two or four HPE SmartDrive
bays (two for two‐socket systems and four for four‐socket
systems). Each individual SmartDrive bay supports one small
form factor drive or two micro form factor drives with built‐in
RAID and a choice of SAS, SATA, HDD, and flash storage.
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44
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition If internal storage is not required, such as environments
using the HPE Synergy Image Streamer, you can order compute modules with no local storage hardware for a stateless
­configuration. For workload acceleration, PCIe NVMe SSDs
from HPE combine the high throughput and low latency of a
storage workload accelerator with the flexibility and convenience of a standard form factor drive, ideal for web scaling,
cloud, OLTP, big data, or business intelligence.
With all the local options, you get a variety of choices for
booting your operating system:
✓✓Boot from management appliance (Image Streamer).
✓✓Boot from DAS or SAN.
✓✓Boot from USB, micro SD, or local drive.
This gives you flexibility in boot cost and high availability
with dual boot capabilities.
Adapters
The compute modules converge traffic over high‐speed
10/20 Gb connections using HPE Converged Network Adapters
(CNAs). When connected to an HPE Virtual Connect SE 40 Gb
F8 module, each adapter provides multiple adjustable connections for data, storage, management, backup, and other uses
to each 20Gb compute module port offering administrators
unparalleled connectivity flexibility.
Internal Smart Array RAID controllers ensure that you receive
superior reliability and increased compute module uptime by
providing local fault‐tolerance. These controllers also provide
online sparing capability to enable automatic storage rebuilds
after a drive failure, and fault prevention with predictive spare
activation before a failure occurs.
Graphics
Different workloads require access to different kinds of
resources. For example, in server environments, supporting
graphics is not generally all that important. However, when
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Chapter 6: HPE Synergy Composable Compute
45
you try to support virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI), graphics support takes on a new level of importance. In fact, poor
graphics performance and storage performance have led to
the downfall of many VDI projects.
With the HPE Synergy 480 compute module, HPE makes available an MXM form factor GPU to extend its graphics capabilities in order to better support applications that require a lot
of graphics horsepower.
For example, the NVIDIA Tesla M6 MXM form factor GPU
supports up to 16 users, running multiple displays/sessions,
including 4K monitors at high frame rates. This is far more
graphics capability than is available with typical Intel‐based,
bare metal CPU configurations. The HPE Synergy 480 with
the Graphics Expansion Module can support up to six MXM
GPUs paired with the compute module providing support for
hundreds of 3D CAD users or thousands of task‐oriented VDI
sessions in a single rack.
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46
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition These materials are © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Any dissemination, distribution, or unauthorized use is strictly prohibited.
Chapter 7
HPE Synergy
Composable Storage
In This Chapter
▶▶Considering the breadth of the HPE Synergy storage portfolio
▶▶Recognizing the advantage of internal‐to‐the‐frame storage in a
Synergy environment
▶▶Finding out why HPE 3PAR StoreServ is a perfect fit for a Synergy
deployment
I
n legacy environments, storage is a resource under assault
from all angles:
✓✓New companies and technologies challenge traditional
methodologies but also introduce greater complexity and
a sprawl of siloed storage pools.
✓✓Hyperconverged infrastructure offerings are seeking to
bring a semblance of simplicity to what is considered a
complex market.
✓✓Software‐defined storage vendors are seeking ways to
help organizations more easily scale storage capacity
resources as the need for storage continues to explode in
the enterprise.
Each storage approach has its own set of strengths and weaknesses. That’s why it’s so important to deploy an infrastructure that enables you to implement storage systems that make
sense for your workloads and your organizational dynamics.
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48
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition HPE Synergy Composable storage is flexible and agile. With
Synergy’s storage options, you can deploy any kind of storage into your environment, without having to compromise or
settle for something that may not work in all instances. In this
chapter, you learn about the primary types of storage available in a Synergy infrastructure.
HPE Synergy Composable Storage provides the ideal storage
choices for every target workload. HPE Synergy Composable
Storage offers high‐density storage options that span from
fully integrated internal storage modules and software‐defined
storage to Tier 1, quality of service assured all‐flash arrays. No
matter the data type, connectivity protocol, or service‐level
requirement, with HPE Synergy Composable Storage, you can
respond to both planned and unplanned demand change.
As a key building block for many applications, the HPE
Synergy Composable Storage Module is designed to store
and share anything — file, block, and object data — with
enterprise‐class reliability. It delivers a new level of simplicity, density, and flexibility by eliminating the complexity and
limitations of siloed resources and administration. Its high
performance capabilities support I/O‐intensive workloads like
database, as well as email, file sharing, web scale applications,
and media streaming. Each HPE Synergy Storage Module utilizes HPE Smart Array controllers in each compute module to
accelerate performance, plus RAID protection and encryption
to improve security and availability.
Compute module local storage options
I briefly touch on the compute module local storage options in Chapter 6.
Remember these key points from that
discussion:
✓✓ You have a whole lot of options
available to you: SAS SFF,
NVMe SFF, Flash uFF, or diskless
options.
✓✓ Different compute modules
have different maximums with
regard to the number of local
disks.
✓✓ When you choose a diskless
system, you’re effectively able
to avoid hardware‐based state
problems and enable eminent
levels of workload portability.
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Chapter 7: HPE Synergy Composable Storage
49
HPE Synergy D3940
Storage Module
Technology advances can be mind boggling when considered
in a historical context. In 1956, IBM released a 5MB hard disk
that weighed in at over a ton and required a forklift in order
to move. Today, 5MB is considered paltry capacity and for
those who deployed those 5MB behemoths back in the 1950s
and 1960s, the HPE Synergy internal storage module would be
the stuff of science fiction. With up to 40 drives per s­ torage
module, and support for up to four storage modules in a single
frame, with no predefined ratio between s­ torage modules and
compute modules in the same frame, HPE Synergy can support
up to 614TB of DAS storage in a 10U frame. As you can see in
Figure 7‐1, this module handily slots into the Synergy frame
and consumes two half‐height bays. HPE Synergy Composable
storage is best optimized with all solid-state drives. According
to industry analysts, SSDs provide for a compelling total cost
of ownership. The benefits span five areas:
✓✓Far fewer devices to meet performance requirements
✓✓Much lower energy and floor space consumption
✓✓Fewer application servers
✓✓Lowered administration costs
✓✓Higher average drive mean time between failure (MTBF)
The HPE Synergy Storage Module maximizes density and supports flash (SSD) and/or disk (HDD) storage in both SAS and
SATA options so you can easily align storage resources with
application needs. Its nonblocking SAS fabric allows full utilization of flash storage and up to two million IOPs when outfitted with all solid-state drives.
HPE has partnered with Intel to provide options around all‐
flash SATA arrays, configurable in the Synergy D3940 Storage
Modules. The Intel SATA solid state drives provide for lasting
integrity, reliable effective performance, and platform confidence you need in your data center. Intel drives were found
to be more than 100 times more reliable at preventing Silent
Data Corruption (SDC). They are validated on a massive scale
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50
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition of over 5,000 workloads, and have up to 90 percent IOPs consistency on all product lines with less than 11 percent performance degradation.
Figure 7-1: HPE Synergy Storage Module.
With data center downtime costing, on average, $8,850 a
minute, selecting the right Intel SSD’s for the Synergy Storage
Module is essential. Intel makes three different tiers of SSD
endurance drives: Read Intensive, Mixed Use, and Write
Intensive. Selecting the right SSD for the right workload helps
to ensure you receive the right performance and longevity of
your drives.
Figure 7-2: HPE Synergy Storage Module nonblocking fabric architecture.
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Chapter 7: HPE Synergy Composable Storage
51
The HPE Synergy D3940 direct attached storage (DAS) module
supports everything from traditional applications such as
Exchange or database applications to I/O‐intensive applications such as Hadoop Analytics. Finally, the Storage Module
provides you with a choice of storage architectures for managing data. With the module and the right enabling software,
you get support for file, block, and object storage types.
For a simple DAS array, the D3940 storage module carries with
it a number of benefits:
✓✓Easy to use (compose through the HPE Synergy
Composer)
✓✓Easy to deploy (just slide the module into a set of available frame bays)
✓✓Highly scalable (up to 160 disks in a single frame; see
Figure 7‐3)
✓✓Achieve up to 2 million IOPS when deployed with five
storage modules, with no performance restrictions due
to storage network constraints
✓✓Can be composed in any ratio with any compute
resources in frame
Figure 7-3: HPE Synergy Storage Modules in action.
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52
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition But wait, there’s more!
The Synergy Storage Module does not have any native data
services built in with it, but it is a great platform from which
to leverage software‐defined storage solutions such as HPE
StoreVirtual VSA. As such, you’re effectively able to use the
storage module as a software defined storage array shared
across multiple frames, and take advantage of data services
such as thin provisioning, snapshots and clones, or adaptive
optimization to maximize performance.
StoreVirtual Virtual Storage
Appliance (VSA)
What happens when you combine HPE Synergy D3940 Storage
Modules with the software‐defined storage goodness of HPE
StoreVirtual VSA? You get a software defined storage powerhouse with these benefits:
✓✓A highly scalable and flexible platform
✓✓A solution that maps very well to VSA best practices
✓✓Adaptive optimization for auto-tiering of data
In highly virtualized environments, virtual storage appliances
(VSAs) have become a popular way to more easily manage
and consume storage resources at the hypervisor level. VSAs
are virtual machines that take responsibility for abstracting
and pooling storage resources that are local to a host, including zoned drives from a Synergy storage module. When this
aggregation process is complete, the VSA coordinates with
other nodes in the cluster and creates a global, scalable pool
of storage resources.
This is all about choice and having the ability to deploy
resources that meet the unique needs of your workloads.
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Chapter 7: HPE Synergy Composable Storage
53
Integration and interconnectivity
Many organizations have already
made significant investments in their
storage environments and may be
hesitant to throw it all away. Never
fear! Your HPE Synergy environment
can easily connect to your third‐party
systems just as they always have.
You may not enjoy the full breadth
of ­composability — at least with
regard to storage resources — that
is offered by solutions designed for
HPE Synergy, but you can still connect to any iSCSI, Fibre Channel, NFS,
or SMB storage system. The storage networking fabric available in
the frame enables you to make such
connections.
Composable All-Flash
Storage Arrays
Although DAS and software defined storage architectures are
great for some workloads, there’s a reason that external SAN‐
and NAS‐based storage has remained a data center stalwart: It
just works. Purpose‐built arrays provide incredibly high levels
of performance, scalability, flexibility, and reliability for Tier‐1
storage requirements. With annual data growth rates in the
double‐digit percentage range, ensuring easy ongoing scalability
is critically important. Additionally, Quality of Service (QoS) optimization means that your most mission‐critical applications will
receive the prioritization and protection they deserve.
Perhaps the biggest problem with external shared storage,
however, is manageability. Fortunately, Synergy provides a
solution to this vexing issue. For example, when you couple a
Synergy deployment with HPE 3PAR StoreServ (see Figure 7‐4)
as an external‐to‐the‐frame option, you’re able to include that
storage as a part of the composable management.
The HPE 3PAR StorServ system is a core part of the overall
Synergy Storage family because it is a fully composable storage resource, much like the Synergy D3940 DAS module, but
geared for a Tier 1 shared storage requirement. Under this
scenario, you’re able to carve up 3PAR‐based LUNS using templates and profiles provided by Composer.
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54
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Figure 7-4: HPE 3PAR StoreServ 8450.
This Fibre Channel–attached storage option includes the ability to leverage all‐flash arrays that scale up to 24 petabytes of
usable capacity per system, delivering massive performance,
low latency, and extreme scalability. For workloads such as
CRM, ERP of mission-critical databases requiring quality of
service assured storage, and the most comprehensive native
data protection and disaster recovery features, HPE 3PAR
arrays offer composability and availability.
These materials are © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Any dissemination, distribution, or unauthorized use is strictly prohibited.
Chapter 8
HPE Synergy
Composable Fabric
In This Chapter
▶▶Looking at the full breadth of the HPE Synergy fabric module portfolio
▶▶Adapting your Synergy environment to interoperate with your tradi-
tional networking infrastructure
▶▶Reducing the amount of cabling in your data center infrastructure
T
hroughout this book, I cover compute modules and storage modules, as well as interconnectivity with external
systems. Have you wondered at all yet what brings all this
stuff together in a Synergy world?
That’s the role of the HPE Synergy Composable Fabric. HPE
Synergy Composable Fabric delivers high performance and
composability for the delivery of applications and services.
It simplifies network connectivity using disaggregation in a
cost‐effective, highly available, and scalable architecture. HPE
Synergy Composable Fabric creates a pool of flexible fabric
capacity that can be configured almost instantly to rapidly
provision infrastructure for a broad range of applications. The
composable fabric, enabled by HPE Virtual Connect technology, helps you to eliminate up to 95 percent of network sprawl
at the compute module edge. Virtual Connect liberates administrators from the constraints of a traditional infrastructure by
bringing “wire‐once” simplified management between network
and compute resources.
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56
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition A Single Disaggregated Pool
of Flexible Resources
HPE Synergy Composable Fabric’s disaggregated, rack‐scale
design uses a master/satellite architecture (see Figure 8‐1) to
consolidate data center network connections, reduce hardware and management complexity, and scale network bandwidth across multiple frames.
Figure 8-1: Extending the fabric.
HPE Synergy Composable Fabric employs a flat, east/west
architecture to maximize data throughput and minimize
latency with only a single hop within large domains of virtual
machines or compute modules. This single‐hop architecture
goes a long way toward reducing fabric‐imposed latency.
The intelligence is in the master module, which handles
all the data forwarding decisions. The satellite only passes
data packets from the compute module to the master, and
vice versa. With the master/satellite architecture, the fabric
resource can be extended up to five frames without a need for
additional top‐of‐rack switches.
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Chapter 8: HPE Synergy Composable Fabric
57
Reducing Networking Footprint
Networking is an expensive data center resource and carries
with it a great deal of complexity. By providing a fully converged environment, Synergy has the potential to help you
reduce your networking footprint, lower costs, and make this
resource vastly easier to manage.
Eliminate top‐of‐rack switching
The master module contains intelligent networking capabilities that extend connectivity to satellite frames through the
HPE Synergy 10/20Gb Interconnect Link Module, which can
eliminate the need for top‐of‐rack switches and substantially
reduce infrastructure cost.
Rack‐scale fabric
The reduction in components also simplifies fabric management at scale while consuming fewer ports at the data center
aggregation layer, which further reduces costs. HPE Synergy
Composable Fabric modules support up to three redundant
fabrics per frame, and the quad small form‐factor Pluggable
(QSFP) unified uplink ports can be configured for either
Ethernet or Fibre Channel to allow you flexibility in deployment options.
Further, scaling is fast and simple and nonimpactful from a
performance perspective. When adding a new frame using
HPE Synergy’s Interconnect Link Module, the new frame is
an extension of the existing fabric, and the east/west design
scales so the performance of the existing workload is not
negatively impacted. The solution also features ultra‐low
latency for east–west traffic with 3.84Tb/s throughput in any
configuration.
Compare this to a legacy hierarchical architecture that uses a
north/south design. Such a design has the potential to create
an oversubscription bottleneck and adds latency caused by
multiple hops, both of which negatively impact performance.
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58
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition Predictable performance
Perhaps one of the biggest challenges in historical data center
architectures has been a lack of
predictable performance, particularly as you extend and scale the
architecture. With so many shared
components, it’s extremely difficult
to predict what impact scaling might
have on these shared components.
Will it result in a bottleneck? Will
it increase latency and impact the
business?
Modern data center infrastructure designs — especially those
supported by HPE Synergy — are
striving to provide IT administrators and the business with ways to
grow the environment while retaining expected levels of performance.
Being able to “go really fast” with
a new infrastructure is great, but if
you can’t maintain that level of performance as you grow, it’s almost
worse to start out by going really fast
and then, over time, slowing down.
The ability to achieve predictable
levels of performance is even more
important as you move to rack‐scale
infrastructure. Fortunately, HPE
Synergy’s fabric is well‐suited to the
needs of these kinds of environments
and can easily grow with you without
creating new performance‐related
headaches.
Cable reduction
You’ve probably seen terrible data center cabling disaster
photos on the Internet. In these cringe‐inducing pictures, you
see cabling plants that look like spaghetti and you probably
think to yourself, “I’m glad I don’t have to figure out that mess!”
Now, ask yourself this question: How many dozens of cables
do you have strung around your data center? Perhaps you
closely identify with those poor souls who have to dig
through a mess of cabling every time something goes wrong.
Or perhaps you’ve done an outstanding job at keeping your
cabling color coded and perfectly neat.
Way back in the year 2001, I was hired as a systems engineer
to build out a 40+ server farm with each and every server
having connectivity to any of six different physical networks.
Bearing in mind that this was in the pre‐virtualization days,
each of these 40 physical servers had six network connections, necessitating use of 240 switch ports. Let’s say it was
not an inexpensive build‐out.
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Chapter 8: HPE Synergy Composable Fabric
59
Between cabling rat’s nests and expensive switch ports, maintenance of this kind of environment can be pretty challenging.
Today, with HPE Synergy fabric modules, I’d be building a
very different kind of architecture. In fact, each system would,
in theory, be able to operate with just one set of cables connecting it to the fabric. These Synergy fabric modules enable
abstraction and virtualization of network traffic that greatly
increases overall efficiency.
Composable Fabric Resources
HPE Synergy Composable Fabric can precisely match workload performance needs using its low‐latency, multispeed
architecture. It accomplishes this goal by using one device
that converges traffic across multiple frames — creating a rack
scale architecture — and directly connects to external LANs.
The HPE Synergy 3820C 10/20 Gb Converged Network Adapter
(CNA; see Figure 8‐2) also includes features that help organizations get more from their infrastructure. With the adapter’s
Flex‐20 Technology, it converges Ethernet and FCoE onto a
single connection simplifying I/O hardware by 50 percent and
significantly reducing costs.
Flex‐20 Technology powered by
Virtual Connect
Using Flex‐20 and Virtual Connect
technology, each redundant pair of
Virtual Connect modules provides
four software‐adjustable downlink
connections (three FlexNICs and
one FlexHBA or Four Flex NICs) to
dual‐port 10 Gb adapters and 20 Gb
Converged Network Adapters on
each compute module.
Why is this important? Let’s take the
case of a hypervisor‐driven environment. In such an environment, you
may need to connect a host to a
multitude of different networks. For
example, you need to have a network
on which your virtual machines can
communicate with users. You need
a workload migration network and a
management network.
With Virtual Connect capability,
you can do all this with just a pair
of adapters. By creating these networks virtually (hence the name
Virtual Connect), all this traffic can
share the same converged network
route, helping you to reduce administrative burden and deploy far simpler
environments.
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60
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition The CNA (shown in Figure 8‐2) is a mezzanine card that slots
into a compute module. This mezzanine slot is electrically
connected directly to the frame mid‐plane where it attaches
to a fabric module. The fabric modules can consist of either
HPE Virtual Connect modules — Composable Fabric — or traditional switch modules for interconnectivity with traditional
environments.
Figure 8-2: HPE Synergy 3820C 10/20 Gb Converged Network Adapter.
I talk about the Virtual Connect modules here and integration
with traditional environments later in this chapter.
There are three primary Virtual Connect fabric modules available for HPE Synergy frames:
✓✓HPE Synergy 10 Gb Interconnect Link Module (see
Figure 8‐3, top)
✓✓HPE Synergy 20 Gb Interconnect Link Module (see
Figure 8‐3, middle)
✓✓HPE VC SE 40 Gb F8 Module (see Figure 8‐3, bottom)
Figure 8-3: HPE Virtual Connect and Interconnect link fabric modules for
HPE Synergy.
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Chapter 8: HPE Synergy Composable Fabric
61
Beyond networking, there are additional fabric modules available as well. Earlier in this book, you learned that compute
modules could connect to internal storage via SAS connectivity. That is accomplished via the use of the HPE Synergy 12Gb
SAS Connection Module (see Figure 8‐4).
Figure 8-4: HPE Synergy SAS fabric module.
Integration with Traditional
Environments
You probably have an existing data center environment and
you may want traditional switch functionality at the edge.
If you fall into this category, HPE offers a broad portfolio of
switches for Ethernet and Fibre Channel networking, connecting the frame and compute modules.
HPE Synergy offers a complete end‐to‐end solution for customers who require traditional network‐managed switches with
Fibre Channel or Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) support.
The HPE Synergy 40Gb F8 Switch is an Ethernet switch that
gives full manual control to network administrators who want
to manage their interconnects from a command‐line interface
(CLI). This fabric solution provides high‐speed layer 2 and
layer 3 switching capabilities, and allows the network administrator to independently manage the switch within the frame.
The switch design uses the same master/satellite architecture
as the HPE Virtual Connect SE 40 Gb F8 module to consolidate
data center network connections, reduce hardware complexity, and scale network bandwidth across multiple frames.
In addition to the composable fabric and traditional switch
options discussed thus far, you can install other interconnects such as a pass‐through module or a SAN switch.
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62
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition If you want to maintain your existing network, you can use
the Synergy pass‐through module (see Figure 8‐5), which provides full compute module connectivity to an existing network
switch. The HPE Synergy 10 Gb pass‐through module allows
for one‐to‐one connectivity between a compute module’s
network adapters and a top‐of‐rack Ethernet switch. It’s an
alternative to managing the switch outside the frame with the
operating system of your choice. Bear in mind, however, that
you’ll need a switch port for every network connection from
the frame.
Figure 8-5: Pass‐through module.
The HPE Virtual Connect SE 16Gb FC Module for HPE Synergy
is a Storage Area Network (SAN) interconnect with a wire‐
once change‐ready technology. The Fibre Channel (FC)
module, in conjunction with Synergy Composer powered by
HPE OneView, allows workloads to be moved or managed
without modifying the network.
The Brocade 16Gb Fibre Channel SAN Switch Module (see
Figure 8‐6) for HPE Synergy provides high‐performance,
low‐latency networking with cut‐through mode FC SAN capabilities. This switch is ideal for financial services, trading
applications, medical imaging, and rendering.
Figure 8-6: Brocade Fiber Channel module.
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Chapter 9
Ten Key Tips about Synergy
Y
ou’re a newly minted Composable Infrastructure and
HPE Synergy guru! Here are the ten most important tips
to keep in mind as you begin your journey into the new Idea
Economy–driven data center:
✓✓The journey is about the business, not IT. IT exists to
support the business, but complex, outdated infrastructure environments are often putting the focus on technology, and not always in a positive way. With Composable
Infrastructure and HPE Synergy, the goal is to shift the
focus to the business by enabling the infrastructure to be
as invisible as possible to the business.
✓✓Fluid pools of resources should be the norm. With HPE
Synergy, IT administrators no longer have to statically
provision resources and then waste those resources
when they aren’t used as fully as possible. Synergy allows
administrators to flex their resource use depending on
the current demands of the business.
✓✓Software‐defined intelligence enables agility. Modern
businesses are all about speed of execution. By bringing
into software those functions that used to be defined
by hardware, HPE Synergy enables you to bring new
solutions to market far more quickly than was possible
before. On the application front, deployments can now
take minutes or hours rather than days or weeks.
✓✓The unified API is a boon for DevOps. If you’ve adopted
DevOps, the unified API can help you create applications
that can automatically deploy new infrastructure elements
as necessary. For example, if you have an application that
senses that the web server tier is becoming burdened, you
can simply make an API call to HPE OneView and automatically deploy an additional web server to handle the
increased demand. After the load has decreased, you can
decommission that new web server instance as you return
those resources back to the resource pool.
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64
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition ✓✓The infrastructure is designed for today and for
­tomorrow. The HPE Synergy Frame is designed to accept
multiple generations of compute, storage, fabric, and
management modules. The direct‐connect midplane delivers 16.128 Tb/s of bandwidth and is future‐proofed with a
photonic‐ready design that will exceed bandwidth requirements for the next decade.
✓✓Templates can help you reinvent your IT processes. With
workload‐driven templates supported by the HPE Synergy
Composer, flexible blocks of composable compute, storage, and fabric resources can be provisioned together
with the state — BIOS settings, firmware, drivers, and so
on — and operating environment images. Templates eliminate time‐consuming provisioning processes across operational silos that often delay projects for weeks or months.
✓✓Image Streamer crushes traditional infrastructure deployment models. With the traditional process, a number
of discrete steps are involved with multiple reboots.
HPE Synergy utilizes the Image Streamer, a r­ epository of
bootable images that can be streamed across multiple
compute modules in a matter of seconds. This unique
capability enables HPE Synergy to set up and update infrastructure with unmatched speed and consistency.
✓✓Compute module options abound. With four Composable
compute module options powered by Intel Xeon processors in the HPE Synergy portfolio, you can mix‐and‐match
compute devices to meet just about any workload need.
The compute modules provide the performance, scalability, density optimization, storage simplicity, and configuration flexibility to power a variety of workloads, including
business processing, IT infrastructure, web infrastructure,
collaborative, and high‐­performance computing.
✓✓Utilize integrated storage without compromises. HPE
Synergy Composable Storage’s complete integration into
the frame drives simplicity and reliability. Each storage
module has 40 drives, and HPE Synergy can support up to
four storage modules per frame.
✓✓The Fabric grows with your company and reduces
hardware spend. HPE Synergy Composable Fabric’s disaggregated rack‐scale design uses an intelligent master/
satellite architecture to consolidate data center network
connections, significantly reduce hardware and management complexity, and simplify network bandwidth scaling
across multiple frames.
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Appendix
HPE Services for Synergy
H
ewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) can help you transform to a hybrid infrastructure with HPE Synergy as the
foundation. With transformation expertise, HPE can help you
design the right solution, integrate your solution into your
existing environment, proactively support your environment
ongoing, further automate your infrastructure, and help you
flexibly finance your investment.
Your journey to Composable Infrastructure is unique. HPE
helps you to evolve your organization’s culture, people,
­processes, and technology.
Transform to a Hybrid
Infrastructure Workshop
Gain clarity on hybrid IT concepts and infrastructure (including composable, software‐defined, and converged), identify
the initiatives that can work for your business, and create a
high‐level plan that defines your steps forward. During this
one‐day workshop, senior HPE consultants use informative visual displays in an interactive session to share their
­knowledge with your C‐level, IT&O manager and business
key decision‐makers. Transformation workshops bring business and IT organizations together to collaborate, define the
topline hybrid infrastructure strategy, and kick‐start your
projects confidently. For more information and scheduling a workshop visit us at www.hpe.com/h41268/live/
index_e.aspx?qid=26772.
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66
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition The HPE Synergy Rapid
Advisory Service
Ensure that your key personnel understand the imperative
of a composable infrastructure and HPE Synergy and have an
executable deployment plan that addresses your organization’s needs.
Working from the physical infrastructure and technologies of
your datacenter through to the tools and processes used to
manage your organization’s IT, HPE’s consultants and your
experts will plan the integration of Synergy into each level of
your datacenter and operations focusing on your people and
processes.
Modernization and
Migration Services
HPE experts help you choose the right platform for the right
workload at the right cost and evolve your IT infrastructure,
processes, and organization, taking advantage of “on‐hybrid
infrastructure” innovations such as composable, converged,
and software‐defined technologies. HPE experts advise, transform, integrate, and implement for platform refresh, data
center consolidation virtualization, migration, and automation
projects.
HPE also offers additional education, implementation, and
support services for your devices, to help you prevent
­incidents and operate your environment without disruption.
More information at www.hpe.com/us/en/services/
consulting/it‐infrastructure.html.
HPE Flexible Capacity
HPE Flexible Capacity is a pay‐per‐use model for on‐premises
infrastructure, giving you the needed HPE Synergy capacity
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Appendix: HPE Services for Synergy
67
in your data center with a buffer of additional capacity to
use when you need it. HPE Synergy delivers a more dynamic
IT environment, and Flexible Capacity provides the needed
room to grow your environment, but you only pay for actual
metered use. Technology transitions with refresh can be
built in, and infrastructure and services are billed monthly,
enabling you to align costs to business use. With Flexible
Capacity, your organization can gain cloudlike OPEX‐based
economics, while continuing to maintain your own private
data center. For more information, visit www.hpe.com/
services/fc.
HPE Datacenter Care–
Infrastructure Automation
HPE Datacenter Care–Infrastructure Automation (DC‐IA) is an
extension to HPE Datacenter Care and delivers advice, best
practices, and coaching for infrastructure automation. HPE
Synergy with OneView embedded helps enable infrastructure
automation and is integrated with tools such as those from
Chef, Puppet, and Docker, to enable rapid bare‐metal provisioning. With DC‐IA, HPE service experts provide advice,
support, and best practices for these tools that work with
OneView to help create a fast, agile, and reliable automated IT
environment. DC‐IA delivers support to customers to enable
infrastructure as code and agile processes as part of the service. Customers schedule quarterly reviews and reports with
the HPE Center of Expertise, as well as having access to these
experts when needed, for automation development and code
coaching. The benefits include the following:
✓✓Help no matter where you are on the journey to
­composable
✓✓A personalized plan for exactly what you need
✓✓Global access to experts to help you evolve your culture,
people, processes, and technology
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68
HPE Synergy For Dummies, HPE Special Edition ✓✓Help maintaining business stability and growth while
transforming
✓✓The flexibility to grow quickly and align costs to the
­business
The Technology Services portfolio is enabled for HPE Synergy.
Accelerate time to business value with HPE Synergy and
Technology Services. For additional information, ask your
HPE Sales Representative or Channel Partner.
These materials are © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Any dissemination, distribution, or unauthorized use is strictly prohibited.
These materials are © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Any dissemination, distribution, or unauthorized use is strictly prohibited.
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