Oracle Database Client Quick Installation Guide 10g Release 2

Oracle® Database
Client Quick Installation Guide
10g Release 2 (10.2) for hp-ux Itanium
B25296-01
January 2006
This guide describes how to quickly install Oracle Database Client on hp-ux
Itanium systems. It includes information about the following:
1.
Reviewing Information About this Guide
2.
Logging In to the System as root
3.
Checking the Hardware Requirements
4.
Checking the Software Requirements
5.
Creating Required Operating System Group and User
6.
Creating an Oracle Base Directory
7.
Configuring the oracle User’s Environment
8.
Mounting the Product Disc
9.
Installing Oracle Database Client
10. What to Do Next?
11. Documentation Accessibility
1 Reviewing Information About this Guide
This guide describes how to install Oracle Client on a
system that does not have any Oracle software installed on it. If
there is an existing Oracle software installation on this system, then
refer to Oracle Database Client Installation Guide for hp-ux Itanium for
more detailed installation instructions.
Note:
This guide describes how to complete a default installation of Oracle Database
Client on a system that does not have any Oracle software installed on it. It
describes how to install one of the following installation types:
■
■
■
Administrator: Enables applications to connect to an Oracle Database
instance on the local system or on a remote system. It also provides tools that
enable you to administer Oracle Database.
Runtime: Enables applications to connect to an Oracle Database instance on
the local system or on a remote system.
Instant Client: Enables you to install only the shared libraries required by
Oracle Call Interface (OCI), Oracle C++ Call Interface (OCCI), Pro*C, or Java
1
database connectivity (JDBC) OCI applications. This installation type
requires much less disk space as compared to the other Oracle Database
Client installation types.
See Also: Oracle Call Interface Programmer's Guide for more
information about the Instant Client feature
This guide does not describe how to install the Custom installation type.
Where to Get Additional Installation Information
For more detailed information about installing Oracle Database Client, refer to
Oracle Database Client Installation Guide for hp-ux Itanium.
This guide is available on the product disc. To access it, use a Web browser to
open the welcome.htm file located in the top-level directory of the installation
media, and then select the Documentation tab.
2 Logging In to the System as root
Before you install Oracle Database Client, you must complete several tasks as the
root user. To log in as the root user, complete one of the following procedures:
You must install the software from an X Window System
workstation, an X terminal, or a PC or other system with X server
software installed.
Note:
■
If you are installing the software from an X Window System workstation or X
terminal, then:
1.
Start a local terminal session, for example, an X terminal (xterm).
2.
If you are not installing the software on the local system, then enter the
following command to enable the remote host to display X applications
on the local X server:
$ xhost fully_qualified_remote_host_name
For example:
$ xhost somehost.us.acme.com
3.
If you are not installing the software on the local system, then use the
ssh, rlogin, or telnet command to connect to the system where you
want to install the software:
$ telnet fully_qualified_remote_host_name
4.
If you are not logged in as the root user, then enter the following
command to switch user to root:
$ su - root
password:
#
■
If you are installing the software from a PC or other system with X server
software installed, then:
2
If necessary, refer to your X server documentation for more
information about completing this procedure. Depending on the X
server software that you are using, you may need to complete the
tasks in a different order.
Note:
1.
Start the X server software.
2.
Configure the security settings of the X server software to permit remote
hosts to display X applications on the local system.
3.
Connect to the remote system where you want to install the software and
start a terminal session on that system, for example, an X terminal
(xterm).
4.
If you are not logged in as the root user on the remote system, then
enter the following command to switch user to root:
$ su - root
password:
3 Checking the Hardware Requirements
The system must meet the following minimum hardware requirements:
■
■
512 MB of physical RAM
The following table describes the relationship between installed RAM and
the configured swap space requirement.
RAM
Swap Space
Up to 512 MB
2 times the size of RAM
Between 513 MB and 726 MB
1.5 times the size of RAM
More than 726 MB
0.75 times the size of RAM
■
The minimum client installation TMP space required is 115 MB. The
minimum disk space requirement in the /tmp directory depends on the
installation type you have selected. The following table lists the minimum
disk space requirements for the /tmp directory in each type of installation.
Installation Type
Disk Space Required for the /tmp
Directory (MB)
Admin
850
Runtime
470
Custom (all components selected)
780
Instant
150
■
Up to 5 GB of disk space for the Oracle software, depending on the
installation type
To ensure that the system meets these requirements, follow these steps:
1.
To determine the physical RAM size, enter the following command:
3
# grep "Physical:" /var/adm/syslog/syslog.log
If the size of the physical RAM installed in the system is less than the
specified value, then you must install more memory before continuing.
2.
To determine the size of the configured swap space, enter the following
command:
# /usr/sbin/swapinfo -a
If necessary, refer to the operating system documentation for information
about how to configure additional swap space.
3.
To determine the amount of free disk space available in the /tmp directory,
enter the following command:
# bdf /tmp
If there is less than 400 MB of disk space available in the /tmp directory, then
complete one of the following steps:
■
■
■
4.
Delete unnecessary files from the /tmp directory to meet the disk space
requirement.
Set the TMP and TMPDIR environment variables when setting the
oracle user’s environment (described later).
Extend the file system that contains the /tmp directory. If necessary,
contact your system administrator for information about extending file
systems.
To determine the amount of free disk space available on the system, enter the
following command:
# bdf
The following table shows the approximate disk space requirements for
software files for each installation type:
Installation Type
Requirement for Software Files
Instant Client
96 MB
Administrator
1.9 GB
Runtime
1.5 GB
Custom (maximum)
2.0 GB
If you want to configure only the Instant Client Light
component of Instant Client, then you need 34 MB of disk space to
store the related files.
Note:
5.
To determine whether the system architecture can run the software, enter the
following command:
# /bin/getconf KERNEL_BITS
This command should returns the following output:
4
64
If you do not see the expected output, then you cannot install the software on
this system.
4 Checking the Software Requirements
The system must meet the following minimum software requirements.
■
The operating system version must be HP-UX 11i v2 (11.23).
For the Oracle products that you want to install, the system must meet the
following product-specific requirements:
■
■
Pro*C/C++, Oracle Call Interface, Oracle C++ Call Interface, Oracle XML
Developer’s Kit (XDK), GNU Compiler Collection (GCC):
-
HP C/ANSI C Compiler (A.06.00)
-
HP aC++ Compiler (A.06.00)
-
GCC compiler gcc 3.4.2
Pro*COBOL:
-
■
Pro*FORTRAN:
-
■
Micro Focus Server Express 4.0 SP1 or later
HP FORTRAN 90 (B11.23.20)
Oracle JDBC/OCI Drivers:
You can use the following optional Java SDK versions with the Oracle
JDBC/OCI drivers, however they are not required for the installation:
■
HP JDK 1.5.0
■
HP JDK 1.4.2.07
■
HP JDK 1.3.1.16
Note: Java SDK 1.4.2_07 is installed with this release.
To ensure that the system meets these requirements:
1.
To determine which version of HP-UX is installed, enter the following
command:
# uname -a
HP-UX hostname B.11.23 ia64 109444686 unlimited-user license
In this example, the version of HP-UX 11i is 11.23.
2.
To determine whether a bundle, product, or fileset is installed, enter a
command similar to the following, where level is bundle, product, or
fileset:
# /usr/sbin/swlist -l level | more
If a required bundle, product, or fileset is not installed, then you must install
it. Refer to your operating system or software documentation for information
about installing products.
5
In addition, you need to verify that the following patches, or their later versions,
are installed on the system. The procedure following the table describes how to
check these requirements.
There may be more recent versions of the patches listed
installed on the system. If a listed patch is not installed, then
determine whether a more recent version is installed before
installing the version listed.
Note:
■
For all installations on HP-UX 11i v2 (11.23), the following patches are
required:
■
BUNDLE11i B.11.23.0409.3: Patch Bundle for HP-UX 11i V2
Note: You must have the August 2004 version of BUNDLE11i
B.11.23.0408.1 for HP-UX 11i v2 on your system prior to updating to the
HP-UX 11i v2 September 2004 or later release.
■
■
PHCO 32426: Reboot(1M) cumulative patch
■
PHKL 32646: wsio.h header file patch
■
PHKL 32632: Message Signaled Interrupts (MSI and MSI-X)
■
PHKL 32645: SIO (IO) subsystem MSI/MSI-X/WC Patch
■
PHKL 33552: VM Copy on write data corruption fix
■
PHSS_31850: 11.23 assembler patch
■
PHSS_31851: 11.23 Integrity Unwind Library
■
PHSS_31854: 11.23 milli cumulative patch
■
PHSS_31855: 11.23 aC++ Runtime (IA: A.05.60, PA A.03.60)
■
PHSS_33275: 11.23 linker + fdp cumulative patch
■
PHSS_33276: 11.23 Math Library Cumulative Patch
The following JDK patches are required:
■
PHCO_31553: s700_800 11.23 pthread library cumulative patch
■
PHKL_31500: s700_800 11.23 sept04 base patch
■
PHSS_32213: s700_800 11.23 aries cumulative patch
Note: Refer to the following Web site for information about additional
patches that may be required by JDK 1.4.2:
http://www.hp.com/products1/unix/java/patches/index.html
■
For PL/SQL native compilation and installation of Pro*C/C++, Oracle Call
Interface, Oracle C++ Call Interface, or Oracle XML Developer’s Kit (XDK) ,
the following patches are required:
■
PHSS_33278: aC++ Compiler
■
PHSS_33279: aC++ Compiler
■
PHSS_33277: HP C Compiler
■
PHSS_33279: HP C Compiler
6
To ensure that the system meets these requirements:
1.
To determine whether a patch is installed, enter a command similar to the
following:
# /usr/sbin/swlist -l patch | grep PHSS_28880
Alternatively, to list all installed patches, enter the following command:
# /usr/sbin/swlist -l patch | more
If a required patch is not installed, then download it from the following Web
site and install it:
http://itresourcecenter.hp.com
If the Web site shows a more recent version of the patch, then download and
install that version.
5 Creating Required Operating System Group and User
The following local operating system group and user must exist on the system:
■
The Oracle Inventory group (oinstall)
■
The Oracle software owner (oracle)
To determine if this group and user already exist, and if required, to create them,
follow these steps:
1.
To determine if the oinstall group exists, enter the following command:
# more /var/opt/oracle/oraInst.loc
If the oraInst.loc file exists, then the output from this command is similar
to the following:
inventory_loc=/u01/app/oracle/oraInventory
inst_group=oinstall
The inst_group parameter shows the name of the Oracle Inventory group
(oinstall).
2.
If necessary, enter the following command to create the oinstall group:
# /usr/sbin/groupadd oinstall
3.
To determine whether the oracle user exists and belongs to the correct
groups, enter the following command:
# id oracle
If the oracle user exists, then this command displays information about the
groups to which the user belongs. The output should be similar to the
following, indicating that oinstall is the primary group:
uid=440(oracle) gid=200(oinstall) groups=201(dba),202(oper)
4.
If necessary, complete one of the following actions:
■
If the oracle user exists, but its primary group is not oinstall, then
enter a command similar to the following, where the -g option specifies
7
oinstall as the primary group and the -G option specifies any existing
groups to which the oracle user belongs:
# /usr/sbin/usermod -g oinstall -G dba oracle
■
If the oracle user does not exist, then enter the following command to
create it:
# /usr/sbin/useradd -g oinstall [-G dba] oracle
This command creates the oracle user and specifies:
5.
–
oinstall as the primary group
–
dba as an optional secondary group
Enter the following command to set the password of the oracle user:
# passwd oracle
6 Creating an Oracle Base Directory
Before you create an Oracle base directory, you must identify an appropriate file
system with disk space.
To identify an appropriate file system:
1.
Use the bdf command to determine the free disk space on each mounted file
system.
2.
From the display, identify a file system that has appropriate free space.
3.
Note the name of the mount point directory for the file system that you
identified.
To create the Oracle base directory and specify the correct owner, group, and
permissions for it:
1.
Enter commands similar to the following to create the recommended
subdirectories in the mount point directory that you identified and set the
appropriate owner, group, and permissions on them:
# mkdir -p /mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner
# chown -R oracle:oinstall /mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner
# chmod -R 775 /mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner
For example, if the mount point you identify is /u01 and oracle is the user
name of the Oracle software owner, then the recommended Oracle base
directory path is as follows:
/u01/app/oracle
2.
When you configure the oracle user’s environment later in this chapter, set
the ORACLE_BASE environment variable to specify the Oracle base directory
that you have created.
7 Configuring the oracle User’s Environment
You run Oracle Universal Installer from the oracle account. However, before
you start Oracle Universal Installer you must configure the environment of the
oracle user. To configure the environment, you must:
8
■
■
Set the default file mode creation mask (umask) to 022 in the shell startup
file.
Set the DISPLAY environment variable.
To set the oracle user’s environment:
1.
Start a new terminal session, for example, an X terminal (xterm).
2.
Enter the following command to ensure that X Window applications can
display on this system:
$ xhost fully_qualified_remote_host_name
For example:
$ xhost somehost.us.acme.com
3.
If you are not already logged in to the system where you want to install the
software, then log in to that system as the oracle user.
4.
If you are not logged in as the oracle user, then switch user to oracle:
$ su - oracle
5.
To determine the default shell for the oracle user, enter the following
command:
$ echo $SHELL
6.
Open the oracle user’s shell startup file in any text editor:
■
C shell (csh or tcsh):
% vi .login
7.
Enter or edit the following line, specifying a value of 022 for the default file
mode creation mask:
umask 022
8.
If the ORACLE_SID, ORACLE_HOME, or ORACLE_BASE environment variable
is set in the file, then remove the appropriate lines from the file.
9.
Save the file, and exit from the editor.
10. To run the shell startup script, enter one of the following commands:
■
Bash shell:
$ . ./.bash_profile
■
Bourne or Korn shell:
$ . ./.profile
■
C shell:
% source ./.login
11. If you are not installing the software on the local system, then enter a
command similar to the following to direct X applications to display on the
local system:
■
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
9
$ DISPLAY=local_host:0.0 ; export DISPLAY
■
C shell:
% setenv DISPLAY local_host:0.0
In this example, local_host is the host name or IP address of the system
that you want to use to display Oracle Universal Installer (your workstation
or PC).
12. If you determined that the /tmp directory has less than 400 MB of free disk
space, then identify a file system with at least 400 MB of free space and set
the TMP and TMPDIR environment variables to specify a temporary directory
on this file system:
a.
Use the bdf command to identify a suitable file system with sufficient
free space.
b.
If necessary, enter commands similar to the following to create a
temporary directory on the file system that you identified, and set the
appropriate permissions on the directory:
$
#
#
#
c.
su - root
mkdir /mount_point/tmp
chmod a+wr /mount_point/tmp
exit
Enter commands similar to the following to set the TMP and TMPDIR
environment variables:
*
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
$ TMP=/mount_point/tmp
$ TMPDIR=/mount_point/tmp
$ export TMP TMPDIR
*
C shell:
% setenv TMP /mount_point/tmp
% setenv TMPDIR /mount_point/tmp
13. Enter commands similar to the following to set the ORACLE_BASE
environment variable:
■
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
$ ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle
$ export ORACLE_BASE
■
C shell:
% setenv ORACLE_BASE /u01/app/oracle
In these examples, /u01/app/oracle is the Oracle base directory that you
created or identified earlier.
14. Enter the following commands to ensure that the ORACLE_HOME and TNS_
ADMIN environment variables are not set:
■
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
$ unset ORACLE_HOME
$ unset TNS_ADMIN
10
■
C shell:
% unsetenv ORACLE_HOME
% unsetenv TNS_ADMIN
If the ORACLE_HOME environment variable is set, then Oracle
Universal Installer uses the value that it specifies as the default path
for the Oracle home directory. However, if you set the ORACLE_BASE
environment variable, then Oracle recommends that you unset the
ORACLE_HOME environment variable and choose the default path
suggested by Oracle Universal Installer.
Note:
15. To verify that the environment has been set correctly, enter the following
commands:
$ umask
$ env | more
Verify that the umask command displays a value of 22, 022, or 0022 and the
environment variables that you set in this section have the correct values.
8 Mounting the Product Disc
On most hp-ux Itanium systems, the product disc mounts automatically when
you insert it into the drive. If the disc does not mount automatically, follow these
steps to mount it:
1.
Switch user to root:
$ su - root
2.
If necessary, enter the following command to unmount the currently
mounted disc, then remove it from the drive:
# /usr/sbin/umount /SD_DVD
In this example, /SD_DVD is the mount point directory for the disc drive.
3.
Insert the appropriate disc into the disc drive, then enter a command similar
to the following to mount it:
# /usr/sbin/mount -F cdfs -o rr /dev/dsk/cxtydz /SD_DVD
In this example, /SD_DVD is the disc mount point directory and
/dev/dsk/cxtydz is the device name for the disc device, for example
/dev/dsk/c0t2d0.
4.
If Oracle Universal Installer is displaying the Disk Location dialog box, enter
the disc mount point directory path, for example:
/SD_DVD
9 Installing Oracle Database Client
After configuring the oracle user’s environment, start Oracle Universal
Installer and install the Oracle software as follows:
11
1.
To start Oracle Universal Installer, complete one of the following steps
depending on the location of the installation files:
■
If the installation files are on disc, enter commands similar to the
following, where directory_path is the path of the db directory on
the DVD:
$ cd /tmp
$ /directory_path/runInstaller
■
If the installation files are on the hard disk, change directory to the db
directory and enter the following command:
$ ./runInstaller
If Oracle Universal Installer does not start, then refer to Oracle Database Client
Installation Guide for hp-ux Itanium for information about how to troubleshoot
X display problems.
2.
The following table describes the recommended action for each Oracle
Universal Installer screen. Use the following guidelines to complete the
installation:
■
■
If you need more assistance, or if you want to choose an option that is
not a default, then click Help for additional information.
If you encounter errors while installing or linking the software, then refer
to Oracle Database Client Installation Guide for hp-ux Itanium for
information about troubleshooting.
If you have completed the tasks listed previously, then you
can complete the installation by choosing the default values on
most screens.
Note:
Screen
Recommended Action
Select Installation Method
The Basic Installation option is selected by default.
Specify the directory path of the Oracle home. Ensure that
the UNIX DBA group oinstall is selected. If you want to
create a starter database, then specify a name and password
for it. Then, click Next.
Specify Inventory
Directory and Credentials
This screen is displayed only during the first installation of
Oracle products on a system.
Specify the full path of the Oracle Inventory directory.
Ensure that the operating system group selected is
oinstall. Then, click Next.
12
Screen
Recommended Action
Product-Specific
Prerequisite Checks
Verify that all of the prerequisite checks succeed, then click
Next.
Oracle Universal Installer checks the system to verify that it
is configured correctly to run Oracle software. If you have
completed all of the preinstallation steps in this guide, all of
the checks should pass.
If a check fails, then review the cause of the failure listed for
that check on the screen. If possible, rectify the problem and
rerun the check. Alternatively, if you are satisfied that your
system meets the requirements, then you can select the
check box for the failed check to manually verify the
requirement.
Summary
Review the information displayed on this screen, and then
click Install.
Install
This screen displays status information while the product is
being installed.
Configuration Assistants
This screen displays status information for the
configuration assistants that configure the software and
create a database. When the message is displayed at the end
of this process, click OK to continue.
Execute Configuration
Scripts
When prompted, read the instructions and then run the
scripts mentioned on this screen. Click OK to continue.
End of Installation
The configuration assistants configure several Web-based
applications, including Oracle Enterprise Manager
Database Control. This screen displays the URLs configured
for these applications. Make a note of the URLs used. The
port numbers used in these URLs are also recorded in the
following file:
oracle_home/install/portlist.ini
To exit from Oracle Universal Installer, click Exit and then
click Yes.
10 What to Do Next?
After you have successfully installed Oracle Client, refer to Oracle Database Client
Installation Guide for hp-ux Itanium for information about required and optional
postinstallation steps.
11 Documentation Accessibility
Our goal is to make Oracle products, services, and supporting documentation
accessible, with good usability, to the disabled community. To that end, our
documentation includes features that make information available to users of
assistive technology. This documentation is available in HTML format, and
contains markup to facilitate access by the disabled community. Accessibility
standards will continue to evolve over time, and Oracle is actively engaged with
other market-leading technology vendors to address technical obstacles so that
our documentation can be accessible to all of our customers. For more
information, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program Web site at
http://www.oracle.com/accessibility/
13
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Screen readers may not always correctly read the code examples in this
document. The conventions for writing code require that closing braces should
appear on an otherwise empty line; however, some screen readers may not
always read a line of text that consists solely of a bracket or brace.
Accessibility of Links to External Web Sites in Documentation
This documentation may contain links to Web sites of other companies or
organizations that Oracle does not own or control. Oracle neither evaluates nor
makes any representations regarding the accessibility of these Web sites.
TTY Access to Oracle Support Services
Oracle provides dedicated Text Telephone (TTY) access to Oracle Support
Services within the United States of America 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
For TTY support, call 800.446.2398.
Oracle Database Client Quick Installation Guide, 10g Release 2 (10.2) for hp-ux Itanium
B25296-01
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