User Guide - SAE Expression Students

User Guide - SAE Expression Students
User Guide
©2005,
Shure Incorporated
27D3122 (Rev. 5)
Printed in U.S.A.
SHURE INCORPORATED
KSM44 MULTIPLE POLAR PATTERN CONDENSER MICROPHONE
®
Thank you for selecting the KSM44
Over 75 years of audio experience has contributed to making the KSM44
one of the finest microphones available.
If you have any questions not answered in this booklet, please contact Shure Applications
Engineering at 847-600-8440, Monday through Friday, from 8:00am to 4:30 pm, CST. In
Europe, call 49-7131-72140. Our web address is www.shure.com.
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Low Frequency
Response Switch
Polar Pattern
Switch
KSM44
FRONT
KSM44
BACK
15 dB
Attenuator
FIGURE 1. KSM44 FRONT AND BACK
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Shure® KSM44 is a side-address condenser microphone with multiple polar
patterns (cardioid, omnidirectional, bidirectional). Designed for studio use, the
KSM44 has permanently biased, dual 1-inch diaphragms, extremely low self-noise
and an extended frequency response specially tailored for vocal tracking and
instrument recording.
FEATURES
• Multiple polar patterns-cardioid, omnidirectional and bidirectional-for maximum
flexibility in a wide variety of recording applications.
• Dual 1 inch, externally biased, ultra-thin, 2.5 µm, 24 Karat gold-layered, low
mass, Mylar® diaphragms provide superior frequency response
• Class A, discrete, transformerless preamplifier for transparency, extremely fast
transient response and no crossover distortion. Minimizes harmonic and intermodulation distortions.
• Premium electronic components and gold-plated internal and external
connectors.
• Subsonic filter eliminates rumble from mechanical vibration below 17 Hz.
• Switchable 15 dB pad for handling extremely high sound pressure levels (SPLs).
• 3-position switchable low-frequency filter helps reduce unwanted background
noise or counteract proximity effect.
• Integrated three-stage “pop” protection grille reduces plosives and other breath
noise.
• Internal shock mount reduces handling and stand noise.
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PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
• Extended frequency response
• Ultra-low self noise
• Exceptional low-frequency reproduction
• High output level
• High input SPL capability
• No crossover distortion
• Extremely uniform polar response
• Superior common mode rejection and suppression of radio frequency interference
APPLICATIONS
The KSM44 provides superior results in any application requiring a high quality microphone. Some typical applications are listed below.
• Voice-solo, background, voice-over or broadcasting
• Acoustic instruments such as piano, guitar, drums, percussion, strings
• Wind instruments-brass and woodwind
• Low-frequency instruments such as double bass, electric bass, kick drum
• Overhead miking-drums or percussion
• Ensembles-choral or orchestral
• Room ambience pick-up-guitar amplifier or drums
Both the acoustic environment and microphone placement strongly affect the
sound obtained from miking a source, especially with a high-resolution microphone
like the KSM44. You may need to experiment with microphone placement, room
treatments and polar pattern to achieve the best overall sound for each application.
OPERATION
Mounting
Use either the ShureLock™ swivel mount or the elastic shock mount to secure the
KSM44 to a floor or boom stand. When using the swivel mount, the internal shock
mount provides good isolation from vibration. For even greater reduction of noise
from external vibrations, use the elastic shock mount.
Important: When using the swivel mount or elastic shock mount, be sure that the
threaded, knurled locking grip is screwed securely onto the threads at the base of
the microphone. Do not overtighten.
Power
The KSM44 requires phantom power and performs optimally with a 48 Vdc supply
(IEC-268-15/DIN 45 596). However, it will operate with slightly decreased headroom and sensitivity with supplies as low as 11 Vdc.
3
Positioning the Microphone
The front of the KSM44 is marked by the
logo and the polar-pattern selection switch. See Figure 1. Position this side of the microphone toward the sound
source to be recorded. The rear of the microphone is marked by the
low-frequency filter switch and the 15dB attenuation switch.
logo, the
Selecting a Polar Pattern
The three position switch on the front of the KSM44 sets the polar response pattern
of the microphone. The sensitivity of the microphone to sounds coming from different
angles varies according to this switch's setting.
Cardioid. Picks up sounds directly in front of the microphone and is least sensitive to those in back. Cardioid is the most commonly used pattern in studio recording
and live-sound applications. See Figure 5.
Omnidirectional. Picks up sound equally from all directions. This pattern is
best for picking up room ambience and miking several sources at once, such as a
choir or ensemble. Omnidirectional patterns do not exhibit proximity effect. See
Figure 7.
Bidirectional. Picks up equally from the front and back of the microphone while
rejecting sounds from the sides. Bidirectional is often for stereo recording (such as
mid-side and Blumlein techniques). See Figure 9.
NOTE: As with all bidirectional microphones, sounds picked up from the front will be
in polarity with the source and those picked up from the back will be out of polarity
with the source.
Selecting Low-Frequency Response
A three-position switch on the back of the KSM44 allows you to adjust the low-frequency response of the microphone, as shown in Figure 2. The low-frequency filter
settings can be used to reduce wind noise, room noise or proximity effect.
Flat response. Use this setting when you desire the most natural reproduction
of the source.
4
+5
dB
Low-frequency cutoff. Provides an 18
dB-per-octave cutoff at 80 Hz. Helps eliminate
stage rumble or low-frequency room noise from
heating, ventilation, or cooling systems. May also
be used to compensate for proximity effect or to
reduce low frequencies that make an instrument
sound dull or muddy.
Low-frequency rolloff. Provides a 6
dB-per-octave rolloff filter at 115Hz. Use this setting
with vocals or instruments to compensate for
proximity effect or to reduce low frequencies that
could make an instrument sound dull or muddy.
0
–10
2
20
50
100
Hz
3 4 5 6 7 89
1000
Flat Response
Low-Frequency Cutoff
Low-Frequency Rolloff
FIGURE 2. LOW FREQUENCY FILTERS
Setting Attenuation
The attenuation switch on the back of the KSM44 reduces the signal level from
the cartridge by 15 dB without altering the frequency response. This can prevent
extremely high SPLs from overloading the microphone. To activate attenuation,
move the switch to the “-15 dB” position. Note: In situations where the high output of the KSM44 might overload the microphone preamplifier of a console or
mixer, use an attenuation pad in the mixer.
Load Impedance
A load impedance of at least 1000 Ω is recommended. When used with typical
modern microphone preamplifiers (rated at about 2500 Ω), the KSM44 provides
higher maximum SPL capability and output clipping level. With the -15 dB pad
engaged, the KSM44 can handle up to 156 dB SPL and output +15 dBV into a
5500 ohm or greater load.
Integral Pop Filter
The KSM44 has an integral pop filter which helps reduce wind and breath noise.
An external pop-protection screen or windscreen may be necessary when
close-miking vocalists. The low-frequency cutoff filter may also be effective. See
Figure 3.
FIGURE 3.PS-6 POPPER STOPPER™ POP FILTER
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SPECIFICATIONS
Cartridge Type
Permanently biased condenser
Frequency Response
20 to 20,000 Hz
(See Figures 4, 6, 8)
Output Impedance
150 Ω (actual)
Attenuation Switch
0 or 15 dB attenuation
Low Frequency Response
Switch
Flat; -6 dB/octave below 115 Hz; -18 dB/octave below
80 Hz
Phantom Power
48 Vdc ± 4 Vdc (IEC-268-15/DIN 45 596), positive pins 2 and 3
Current Drain
5.4 mA typical at 48 Vdc
Common Mode Rejection
≥50 dB, 20 Hz to 20 kHz
Polarity
Positive pressure on front diaphragm produces
positive voltage on output pin 2 relative to pin 3
Directional Polar Patterns
Cardioid
(See Figure 5)
Omnidirectional
(See Figure 7)
Bidirectional
(See Figure 9)
Sensitivity
-31 dBV/Pa
-37 dBV/Pa
-36 dBV/Pa
7 dB
10 dB
10 dB
Maximum SPL @ 1000 Hz
2500 Ω load (Attenuator on)
1000 Ω load (Attenuator on)
132 (149) dB
127 (144) dB
138 (151) dB
132 (145) dB
137 (150) dB
131 (144) dB
Output Clipping Level*
2500 Ω load
1000 Ω load
7 dBV
1 dBV
7 dBV
1 dBV
7 dBV
1 dBV
Dynamic Range
2500 Ω load
1000 Ω load
125 dB
120 dB
128 dB
122 dB
127 dB
121 dB
87 dB
84 dB
84 dB
(typical; at 1000 Hz; 1 Pa = 94 dB SPL)
Self-noise
(typical, equivalent SPL; A-weighted, IEC 651)
Signal to Noise ratio**
Dimensions and Weight
55.9 mm (2.20 in.) maximum body diameter, 187 mm
(7.37 in.) long; 490.5 grams (17.30 oz). See Figure 10.
*20 Hz to 20 kHz;THD < 1%. THD of the microphone preamplifier when applied input signal is equivalent to the cartridge output
at specified SPL.
**S/N ratio is difference between 94 dB SPL and equivalent SPL of self-noise A-weighted.
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CARDIOID RESPONSE GRAPHS
FIGURE 4. TYPICAL CARDIOID FREQUENCY RESPONSE
FIGURE 5. TYPICAL CARDIOID POLAR PATTERN
OMNIDIRECTIONAL RESPONSE GRAPHS
15 cm.
60 cm.
FIGURE 6. TYPICAL OMNIDIRECTIONAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE
FIGURE 7. TYPICAL OMNIDIRECTIONAL POLAR PATTERN
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OMNIDIRECTIONAL RESPONSE GRAPHS
FIGURE 8. TYPICAL BIDIRECTIONAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE
FIGURE 9.TYPICAL BIDIRECTIONAL POLAR PATTERNS
55.9 mm
(2.20 IN.)
187 mm
(7.37 IN.)
FIGURE 10. DIMENSIONS
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CERTIFICATION
Eligible to bear CE Marking; Conforms to European EMC directive 89/336/EEC.
Meets applicable tests and performance criteria found in European Professional
Audio Products EMC Standard EN 55103 (1996); Part 1 (emissions) and part 2
(immunity). The KSM44 is intended for use in environments E1 (residential) and
E2 (Light Industrial) as defined in European standard EN 55103. EMC conformance is based on the use of shielded interconnecting cable.
N 108
FURNISHED ACCESSORIES
ShureLock™ Champagne Elastic Shock Mount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A44SM
ShureLock™ Champagne Swivel Adapter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A44M
Aluminum Carrying Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A44SC
Protective Velveteen Pouch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A44VB
Popper Stopper™ Pop Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PS-6
OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
Windscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A32WS
Padded, Zippered Carrying Bag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A32ZB
REPLACEMENT PARTS
Suspension Shock Mount Elastic Cord,
Champagne (contains one). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95B2125
SERVICE
For additional microphone service or parts information, please contact Shure's
Service department at 1-800-516-2525. Outside the United States, please contact your Authorized Shure Service Center.
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Trademark Notices: The circular S logo, the stylized Shure logo, and the word
“Shure” are registered trademarks of Shure Incorporated in the United States.
“Shure Lock” is a trademark of Shure Incorporated in the United States. “Mylar”
is a registered trademark of E.I. duPont de Nemours and Company in the United
States. These marks may be registered in other jurisdictions.
Patent Notice: Patent Des 447,131
SHURE Incorporated http://www.shure.com
United States, Canada, Latin America, Caribbean:
5800 W. Touhy Avenue, Niles, IL 60714-4608, U.S.A.
Phone: 847-600-2000 U.S. Fax: 847-600-1212 Intl Fax: 847-600-6446
Europe, Middle East, Africa:
Shure Europe GmbH, Phone: 49-7131-72140 Fax: 49-7131-721414
Asia, Pacific:
Shure Asia Limited, Phone: 852-2893-4290 Fax: 852-2893-4055
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