Errata, updates, &amp

Errata, updates, &amp
Exam Ref 70-740 Installation, Storage and
Compute with Windows Server 2016
Craig Zacker
2
Exam Ref 70-740 Installation, Storage, and Compute with Windows Server 2016
Published with the authorization of Microsoft Corporation by: Pearson Education,
Inc.
Copyright © 2017 by Craig Zacker
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ISBN-13: 978-0-7356-9882-6
ISBN-10: 0-7356-9882-1
Library of Congress Control Number: 2016962646
First Printing January 2017
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Contents at a glance
Introduction
Preparing for the exam
CHAPTER 1 Install Windows Servers in host and compute environments
CHAPTER 2 Implement storage solutions
CHAPTER 3 Implement Hyper-V
CHAPTER 4 Implement Windows containers
CHAPTER 5 Implement high availability
CHAPTER 6 Maintain and monitor server environments
Index
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Contents
Introduction
Organization of this book
Microsoft certifications
Free ebooks from Microsoft Press
Microsoft Virtual Academy
Quick access to online references
Errata, updates, & book support
We want to hear from you
Stay in touch
Preparing for the exam
Chapter 1 Install Windows Servers in host and compute environments
Skill 1.1: Install, upgrade, and migrate servers and workloads
Determine Windows Server 2016 installation requirements
Determine appropriate Windows Server 2016 editions per workloads
Install Windows Server 2016
Install Windows Server 2016 features and roles
Install and configure Windows Server Core
Manage Windows Server Core installations using Windows PowerShell, command
line, and remote management capabilities
Implement Windows PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC) to install and
maintain integrity of installed environments
Perform upgrades and migrations of servers and core workloads from Windows
Server 2008 and Windows Server 2012 to Windows Server 2016
Determine the appropriate activation model for server installation
Skill 1.2: Install and configure Nano Server
Determine appropriate usage scenarios and requirements for Nano Server
Install Nano Server
Implement Roles and Features on Nano Server
Manage and configure Nano Server
Managing Nano Server remotely using PowerShell
Skill 1.3: Create, manage, and maintain images for deployment
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Plan for Windows Server virtualization
Plan for Linux and FreeBSD deployments
Assess virtualization workloads using the Microsoft Assessment and Planning
(MAP) Toolkit
Determine considerations for deploying workloads into virtualized environments
Update images with patches, hotfixes, and drivers
Install Roles and Features in offline images
Manage and maintain Windows Server Core, Nano Server images, and VHDs using
Windows PowerShell
Chapter summary
Thought experiment
Thought experiment answer
Chapter 2 Implement storage solutions
Skill 2.1: Configure disks and volumes
Configure sector sizes appropriate for various workloads
Configure GUID partition table (GPT) disks
Create VHD and VHDX files using Server Manager or Windows PowerShell
Mount Virtual Hard Disks (VHDs)
Determine when to use NTFS and ReFS File Systems
Configure NFS and SMB shares using Server Manager
Configure SMB share and session settings using Windows PowerShell
Configure SMB server and SMB client configuration settings using Windows
PowerShell
Configure file and folder permissions
Skill 2.2: Implement server storage
Configure storage pools
Implement simple, mirror, and parity storage layout options for disks or enclosures
Configure tiered storage
Configure iSCSI target and initiator
Configure iSNS
Configure Datacenter Bridging (DCB)
Configure Multipath I/O (MPIO)
Determine usage scenarios for Storage Replica
Implement Storage Replica for server-to-server, cluster-to-cluster, and stretch
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cluster scenarios
Skill 2.3: Implement data deduplication
Implement and configure deduplication
Determine appropriate usage scenarios for deduplication
Monitor deduplication
Implement a backup and restore solution with deduplication
Chapter summary
Thought experiment
Thought experiment answer
Chapter 3 Implement Hyper-V
Skill 3.1: Install and configure Hyper-V
Determine hardware and compatibility requirements for installing Hyper-V
Install Hyper-V
Install management tools
Upgrade from existing versions of Hyper-V
Delegate virtual machine management
Perform remote management of Hyper-V hosts
Configure virtual machines using Windows PowerShell Direct
Implement nested virtualization
Skill 3.2: Configure virtual machine (VM) settings
Creating a virtual machine
Add or remove memory in running a VM
Configure dynamic memory
Configure Non-Uniform Memory Access (NUMA) support
Configure smart paging
Configure resource metering
Manage Integration Services
Create and configure Generation 1 and 2 VMs and determine appropriate usage
scenarios
Implement enhanced session mode
Create Linux and FreeBSD VMs
Install and configure Linux Integration Services (LIS)
Install and configure FreeBSD Integration Services (BIS)
Implement Secure Boot for Windows and Linux environments
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Move and convert VMs from previous versions of Hyper-V to Windows Server
2016 Hyper-V
Export and import VMs
Implement Discrete Device Assignment (DDA)
Skill 3.3: Configure Hyper-V storage
Create VHDs and VHDX files using Hyper-V Manager
Create shared VHDX files
Configure differencing disks
Modify virtual hard disks
Configure pass-through disks
Resize a virtual hard disk
Manage checkpoints
Implement production checkpoints
Implement a virtual fibre channel adapter
Configure Storage Quality of Service (QoS)
Skill 3.4: Configure Hyper-V networking
Add and remove virtual network interface cards (vNICs)
Configure Hyper-V virtual switches
Optimize network performance
Configure MAC addresses
Configure network isolation
Configure synthetic and legacy virtual network adapters
Configure NIC teaming in VMs
Configure virtual machine queue (VMQ)
Enable Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA) on network adapters bound to a
Hyper-V virtual switch using Switch Embedded Teaming (SET)
Configure bandwidth management
Chapter summary
Thought experiment
Thought experiment answer
Chapter 4 Implement Windows containers
Skill 4.1: Deploy Windows containers
Determine installation requirements and appropriate scenarios for Windows
containers
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Install and configure Windows Server Container Host in physical or virtualized
environments
Install and configure Windows Server container host to Windows Server Core or
Nano Server in a physical or virtualized environment
Install Docker on Windows Server and Nano Server
Configure Docker Daemon start-up options
Configure Windows PowerShell for use with containers
Install a base operating system
Tag an image
Uninstall an operating system image
Create Windows Server containers
Create Hyper-V containers
Skill 4.2: Manage Windows containers
Manage Windows or Linux containers using the Docker daemon
Manage Windows or Linux containers using Windows PowerShell
Manage container networking
Manage container data volumes
Manage resource control
Create new container images using Dockerfile
Manage container images using DockerHub Repository for public and private
scenarios
Manage container images using Microsoft Azure
Chapter summary
Thought experiment
Thought experiment answer
Chapter 5 Implement high availability
Skill 5.1: Implement high availability and disaster recovery options in Hyper-V
Implement Hyper-V Replica
Implement live migration
Implement shared nothing live migration
Configure CredSSP or Kerberos authentication protocol for Live Migration
Implement storage migration
Skill 5.2: Implement failover clustering
Implement workgroup, single, and multi domain clusters
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Configure quorum
Configure cluster networking
Restore single node or cluster configuration
Configure cluster storage
Implement cluster-aware updating
Implement cluster operating system rolling upgrade
Configure and optimize clustered shared volumes (CSVs)
Configure clusters without network names
Implement Scale-Out File Server (SoFS)
Determine different scenarios for the use of SoFS vs. clustered file server
Determine usage scenarios for implementing guest clustering
Implement a clustered Storage Spaces solution using shared SAS storage
enclosures
Implement Storage Replica
Implement cloud witness
Implement VM resiliency
Implement shared VHDX as a storage solution for guest clusters
Skill 5.3: Implement Storage Spaces Direct
Determine scenario requirements for implementing Storage Spaces Direct
Enable Storage Spaces direct using Windows PowerShell
Implement a disaggregated Storage Spaces Direct scenario in a cluster
Implement a hyper-converged Storage Spaces Direct scenario in a cluster
Skill 5.4: Manage failover clustering
Configure role-specific settings, including continuously available shares
Configure VM monitoring
Configure failover and preference settings
Implement stretch and site-aware failover clusters
Enable and configure node fairness
Skill 5.5: Manage VM movement in clustered nodes
Perform a live migration
Perform a quick migration
Perform a storage migration
Import, export, and copy VMs
Configure VM network health protection
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Configure drain on shutdown
Skill 5.6: Implement Network Load Balancing (NLB)
Configure NLB prerequisites
Install NLB nodes
Configure affinity
Configure port rules
Configure cluster operation mode
Upgrade an NLB cluster
Chapter summary
Thought experiment
Thought experiment answer
Chapter 6 Maintain and monitor server environments
Skill 6.1: Maintain server installations
Implement Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) solutions
Configure WSUS groups
Manage patch management in mixed environments
Implement an antimalware solution with Windows Defender
Integrate Windows Defender with WSUS and Windows Update
Perform backup and restore operations using Windows Server Backup
Determine backup strategies for different Windows Server roles and workloads,
including Hyper-V Host, Hyper-V Guests, Active Directory, File Servers, and Web
Servers using Windows Server 2016 native tools and solutions
Skill 6.2: Monitor server installations
Monitor workloads using Performance Monitor
Configure data collector sets
Determine appropriate CPU, memory, disk, and networking counters for storage
and compute workloads
Configure alerts
Monitor workloads using Resource Monitor
Chapter summary
Thought experiment
Thought experiment answer
Index
12
What do you think of this book? We want to hear from you!
Microsoft is interested in hearing your feedback so we can continually improve our
books and learning resources for you. To participate in a brief online survey, please
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Introduction
Many Windows Server books take the approach of teaching you every detail about the
product. Such books end up being huge and tough to read. Not to mention that remembering
everything you read is incredibly challenging. That’s why those books aren’t the best
choice for preparing for a certification exam such as the Microsoft Exam 70-740,
“Installation, Storage, and Compute with Windows Server 2016.” For this book, we focus
on your review of the Windows Server skills that you need to maximize your chances of
passing the exam. Our goal is to cover all of the skills measured on the exam, while
bringing a real-world focus to the information. This book shouldn’t be your only resource
for exam preparation, but it can be your primary resource. We recommend combining the
information in this book with some hands-on work in a lab environment (or as part of your
job in a real-world environment).
The 70-740 exam is geared toward IT professionals who have a minimum of 3 years of
experience working with Windows Server. That doesn’t mean you can’t take and pass the
exam with less experience, but it probably means that it will be harder. Of course,
everyone is different. It is possible to get the knowledge and skills required to pass the 70740 exam in fewer than 3 years. But whether you are a senior-level Windows Server
administrator or just a couple of years into your Windows Server journey, we think you’ll
find the information in this book valuable as your primary exam prep resource.
This book covers every major topic area found on the exam, but it does not cover every
exam question. Only the Microsoft exam team has access to the exam questions, and
Microsoft regularly adds new questions to the exam, making it impossible to cover specific
questions. You should consider this book a supplement to your relevant real-world
experience and other study materials. If you encounter a topic in this book that you do not
feel completely comfortable with, use the “Need more review?” links you’ll find in the text
to find more information and take the time to research and study the topic. Great
information is available on MSDN, TechNet, and in blogs and forums.
Organization of this book
This book is organized by the “Skills measured” list published for the exam. The “Skills
measured” list is available for each exam on the Microsoft Learning website:
https://aka.ms/examlist. Each chapter in this book corresponds to a major topic area in the
list, and the technical tasks in each topic area determine a chapter’s organization. If an
exam covers six major topic areas, for example, the book will contain six chapters.
Microsoft certifications
Microsoft certifications distinguish you by proving your command of a broad set of skills
and experience with current Microsoft products and technologies. The exams and
14
corresponding certifications are developed to validate your mastery of critical
competencies as you design and develop, or implement and support, solutions with
Microsoft products and technologies both on-premises and in the cloud. Certification
brings a variety of benefits to the individual and to employers and organizations.
More Info All Microsoft Certifications
For information about Microsoft certifications, including a full list of
available certifications, go to https://www.microsoft.com/learning.
Free ebooks from Microsoft Press
From technical overviews to in-depth information on special topics, the free ebooks from
Microsoft Press cover a wide range of topics. These ebooks are available in PDF, EPUB,
and Mobi for Kindle formats, ready for you to download at:
https://aka.ms/mspressfree
Check back often to see what is new!
Microsoft Virtual Academy
Build your knowledge of Microsoft technologies with free expert-led online training from
Microsoft Virtual Academy (MVA). MVA offers a comprehensive library of videos, live
events, and more to help you learn the latest technologies and prepare for certification
exams. You’ll find what you need here:
https://www.microsoftvirtualacademy.com
Quick access to online references
Throughout this book are addresses to webpages that the author has recommended you visit
for more information. Some of these addresses (also known as URLs) can be painstaking to
type into a web browser, so we’ve compiled all of them into a single list that readers of the
print edition can refer to while they read.
Download the list at https://aka.ms/examref740/downloads.
The URLs are organized by chapter and heading. Every time you come across a URL in
the book, find the hyperlink in the list to go directly to the webpage.
Errata, updates, & book support
We’ve made every effort to ensure the accuracy of this book and its companion content.
You can access updates to this book—in the form of a list of submitted errata and their
related corrections—at:
https://aka.ms/examref740/errata
15
If you discover an error that is not already listed, please submit it to us at the same page.
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Important: How to use this book to study for the exam
Certification exams validate your on-the-job experience and product knowledge. To gauge
your readiness to take an exam, use this Exam Ref to help you check your understanding of
the skills tested by the exam. Determine the topics you know well and the areas in which
you need more experience. To help you refresh your skills in specific areas, we have also
provided “Need more review?” pointers, which direct you to more in-depth information
outside the book.
The Exam Ref is not a substitute for hands-on experience. This book is not designed to
teach you new skills.
We recommend that you round out your exam preparation by using a combination of
available study materials and courses. Learn more about available classroom training at
https://www.microsoft.com/learning. Microsoft Official Practice Tests are available for
many exams at https://aka.ms/practicetests. You can also find free online courses and live
events from Microsoft Virtual Academy at https://www.microsoftvirtualacademy.com.
This book is organized by the “Skills measured” list published for the exam. The “Skills
measured” list for each exam is available on the Microsoft Learning website:
https://aka.ms/examlist.
Note that this Exam Ref is based on this publicly available information and the author’s
experience. To safeguard the integrity of the exam, authors do not have access to the exam
questions.
16
Chapter 1. Install Windows Servers in host and compute
environments
Windows Server 2016 provides administrators with a variety of ways to deploy servers.
You can install the operating system on a physical computer, as always, but you can also
create a virtual deployment, using Hyper-V virtual machines and also the new Nano Server
installation option.
Important Have you read page xix?
It contains valuable information regarding the skills you need to pass the
exam.
Skills in this chapter:
Install, upgrade, and migrate servers and workloads
Install and configure Nano Server
Create, manage, and maintain images for deployment
Skill 1.1: Install, upgrade, and migrate servers and workloads
There is more to installing Windows Server 2016 than running a setup wizard. Deploying
servers, however you choose to do it, requires careful planning before you touch any
hardware. This planning includes selecting the proper operating system edition and the best
installation option for your organization’s needs. If you have existing servers running prior
Windows Server versions, you must decide how to upgrade or migrate them to Windows
Server 2016.
This section covers how to:
Determine Windows Server 2016 installation requirements
Determine appropriate Windows Server 2016 editions per workloads
Install Windows Server 2016
Install Windows Server 2016 features and roles
Install and configure Windows Server Core
Manage Windows Server Core installations using Windows PowerShell,
command line, and remote management capabilities
Implement Windows PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC) to
install and maintain integrity of installed environments
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Perform upgrades and migrations of servers and core workloads from
Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2012 to Windows Server 2016
Determine the appropriate activation model for server installation, such as
Automatic Virtual Machine Activation (AVMA), Key Management Service
(KMS), and Active Directory-based Activation
Determine Windows Server 2016 installation requirements
Planning a Windows Server 2016 installation requires several important decisions that
affect not only the initial deployment of the server, but also its ongoing maintenance. While
the Windows installation process is relatively simple, there are options to be considered
both before you purchase the server hardware and the operating system, and after the initial
installation is complete.
Some of the questions you must consider when planning a server deployment are as
follows:
Which Windows Server 2016 edition should you install? Microsoft provides
Windows Server 2016 in several editions, which vary in the features they include,
the resources they support, and the cost of the license. The details of the editions are
described later in this chapter.
Which installation option should you use? Most of the Windows Server 2016
editions include two installation options: Desktop Experience and Server Core.
Desktop Experience includes all of the Windows features and a full graphical user
interface (GUI). Server Core has a minimal user interface and a significantly reduced
resource footprint, so it can utilize less memory and disk space than a Desktop
Experience installation. There is also a third installation option, Nano Server, which
requires an even smaller resource footprint, but this option does not appear in the
initial installation wizard; you deploy Nano Server later, using Windows
PowerShell.
Which roles and features does the server need? The type and number of roles and
features you plan to install can greatly affect the hardware resources the server will
need, as well as the edition you purchase. For example, complex roles such as
Active Directory Certificate Services and Failover Clustering typically require
additional resources and are not available in all editions. Third-party applications
also affect resource utilization.
What virtualization strategy should you use? The increased emphasis on
virtualization in enterprise networking has profoundly altered the server deployment
process. The ease with which administrators can migrate virtual machines from one
host server to another has led then to consider not only what roles the physical server
runs, but what roles could be needed on any virtual servers it is hosting. It is also
important to consider what resources could be required if a server has to host
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additional virtual machines during a disaster situation.
By answering these questions, you can begin to determine what resources a server will
need. Microsoft publishes minimum hardware requirements for a Windows Server 2016
installation, but it is difficult to predict just what resources a server will need to run
efficiently, once you have installed all of the roles, features, and applications it requires to
function.
Minimum hardware requirements
If your computer does not meet the following minimum hardware specifications, Windows
Server 2016 will not install correctly (or possibly not install at all):
Processor: 1.4-GHz 64-bit
RAM: 512 MB ECC for Server Core, 2 GB ECC for Server with Desktop
Experience
Disk space: 32 GB minimum on a SATA or comparable drive
Network adapter: Ethernet, with gigabit throughout
Monitor: Super VGA (1024 x 768) or higher resolution
Keyboard and mouse (or other compatible pointing device)
Internet access
32 GB of available disk space should be considered the absolute minimum. A minimal
Server Core installation with only the Web Server (IIS) role added should install
successfully in 32 GB, but using the Desktop Experience installation option and installing
additional roles will require more storage.
Windows Server 2016 does not support the use of the ATA, PATA, IDE, or EIDE
interfaces for boot, page, or data drives. The system partition also needs additional space
if you install the system over a network or if the computer has more than 16 GB of RAM.
The additional disk space is required for paging, hibernation, and dump files.
Note Installing a Minimum Hardware Configuration
A Windows Server 2016 installation on a virtual machine with the minimum
single processor core and 512 MB of RAM fails. However, you can allocate
more memory for the installation and then reduce it 512 MB afterwards, and
the operating system runs.
Maximum hardware and virtualization limits
Virtualization has complicated the issue of the maximum hardware configurations
supported by Windows Server 2016. It’s no longer a simple matter of how many
processors, how much memory, and largest possible disk size. While processor maximums
were at one time measured in the number of sockets, now they refer to numbers of cores
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and logical processors. There are now also different maximums for physical and virtual
machines in some resources.
The maximum hardware configurations for Windows Server 2016 are as follows:
Processors A server host supports up to 512 logical processors (LPs) if Hyper-V is
installed.
Memory Up to 24 terabytes per host server and up to 12 terabytes per virtual
machine.
VHDX size Up to 64 terabytes.
Virtual machines Up to 1,024 per host server.
Virtual machine processors Up to 240 per virtual machine.
Note Understanding LPs
Intel processors have a feature called hyperthreading, which enables a single
core to process two threads simultaneously when Hyper-V is running. Thus,
an Intel processor is considered to have two LPs per core when Hyper-V is
running and one LP per core when it is not. In an AMD processor with
multiple cores, each core is equivalent to one LP.
Determine appropriate Windows Server 2016 editions per workloads
Windows Server 2016 is available in multiple editions, with varying prices and features.
To select an edition for your server deployment, you should consider the following
questions:
What roles and features will you need to run on the server?
How will you obtain licenses for the servers?
Will you be running Windows Server 2016 on virtual or physical machines?
The current trend in server deployment is to use relatively small servers that perform a
single task, rather than large servers that perform many tasks. In cloud deployments,
whether public, private, or hybrid, it is common to see virtual machines performing one
role, such as a web server or a DNS server. It is for this reason that Microsoft introduced
the Server Core installation option in Windows Server 2008 and Nano Server in Windows
Server 2016, so that virtual machines could function with a smaller resource footprint.
Before you choose an installation option, however, you must select the appropriate
Windows Server 2016 edition for the server workload you intend to implement. The
Windows Server 2016 editions are as follows:
Windows Server 2016 Datacenter The Datacenter edition is intended for large and
powerful servers in a highly virtualized environment. The license allows for an
unlimited number of operating system environments (OSEs) or Hyper-V containers.
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