VMware Workstation
■
ESX ($)
vCenter Server
($)
(license
manager)
(vMotion, DRS, HA, Storage vMotion)
Server
ESXi (freeware)
hardware (ESXi freeware is managed by the Virtual Infrastructure (or
vSphere) Client)
ESXi ($)
(vMotion, DRS, HA, Storage vMotion)
VMware Server (freeware)
Workstation
hardware
Windows or
Linux OS
User
session
Guest OS
Guest OS
Guest
OS...
Guest OS
VMware Workstation ($)
Guest OS
VMware Player (freeware)
Guest
OS...
vSphere Client for managing ESX(i) hosts
(freeware)
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 1 of 27
VMware-Desktop software & End-User Computing
■
■
■
■
VMware ThinApp (formerly known as Thinstall), an application virtualization solution
designed to accelerate application deployment and simplify application migration.
VMware ACE (Assured Computing Environment)
VMware Express (for accessing Windows applications from a Linux desktop)
■
VMware Fusion (for Mac Desktops), a solution for Apple users to seamlessly run
Windows and Windows applications on an Intel processor-powered Apple OS X
Macintosh computer.
■
VMware Player, is a free software used to run multiple operating systems at the same
time on your PC.
VMware View (formerly VMware VDM), an enterprise desktop virtualization platform
designed to optimize application and desktop management and enable flexibility for endusers.
VMware Workstation, a solution that enables multiple operating systems to run at the
same time on a single endpoint device.
VMware Zimbra, an enterprise-class, calendar and collaboration platform based on the
popular Zimbra open source project.
SlideRocket, is an online presentation platform that lets users create, manage, share and
measure presentations.
■
■
■
■
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 2 of 27
VMware
■ VMware Workstation
■ Softverski paket za virtuelizaciju
■ vrši emulaciju više različ itih x64 i x86 sistema na jednom ra čunaru
■ omoguć ava korisnicima kreiranje više virtuelnih ra čunara i njihovu
simultanu upotrebu sa matičnim operativnim sistemom
■ Svaka instanca virtuelne mašine može pokrenuti sopstveni operativni
sistem (gostujuć i), poput Windows-a, Linux-a, BSD-a i sl.
■ Ukratko, VMware Workstation omogućava jednoj fizi čkoj mašini da
simultano pokrene više operativnih sistema.
■ VMware Fusion
■ Ima istu funkcionalnost kao prethodni alat,
■ ali namenjen je Intel i Mac sistemima.
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 3 of 27
VMware-Desktop software
■ VMware Workstation (first product launched by VMware in 1999). This
software suite allows users to run multiple instances of x86 or x86-64
-compatible operating systems on a single physical PC
■ VMware Fusion provides similar functionality for users of the Intel Mac
platform, along with full compatibility with virtual machines created by
other VMware products
■ VMware Player is for users without a license to use VMware
Workstation or VMware Fusion. VMware offers this software as a
freeware product for personal use. While initially not able to create
virtual machines, this limitation was removed in version 3.0.1
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 4 of 27
VMware Workstation
VMware Workstation
■
VMware Workstation running Ubuntu under Windows
Developer(s)
VMware, Inc.
Initial release
1999[1]
Stable release
8.0.4[2] / June 13, 2012; 9 days ago
Preview release
VMware Workstation Technology
Preview / March 12, 2012; 3 months
ago
Development status Active
Operating system
Microsoft Windows
Linux
Platform
x86 (discontinued in 8.0 onwards),
x86-64
Available in
English
Type
Virtual machine
License
Commercial, Proprietary
Website
http://www.vmware.com/products/ws/
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 5 of 27
VMware Workstation
■
Major Version
Significant
Changes
Release Date
1.0
1999
3.0
01 November 2001 ?
3.1
09 April 2002
?
4.0
23 March 2003
?
4.5
05 April 2004
?
5.0
11 April 2005
?
5.5
12 September 2005 ?
6.0
09 May 2007
6.5
23 September 2008 ?
7.0
26 October 2009
8.0
14 September 2011 ?
VMware Workstation Technology Preview 2012 March 2012
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 6 of 27
first release
?
?
add support for
windows 8
VMware Workstation
■
VMware Workstation is a virtual machine software suite for x86 and
x86-64 computers from VMware, a division of EMC Corporation, which
allows users to set up multiple x86 and x86-64 virtual machines (VMs)
and use one or more of these virtual machines simultaneously with the
hosting operating system.
■ Each virtual machine instance can execute its own guest operating
system, including:
✦ Windows
✦ Linux
✦ BSD variants, and others
■ In simple terms, VMware Workstation allows one physical machine to
run multiple operating systems simultaneously, whereas other VMware
products help manage or migrate VMware virtual machines across
multiple physical host machines.
■ Workstation is sold and developed by VMware; VMware Player is a
similar program with fewer features supplied free of charge.
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 7 of 27
VMware Workstation
■ VMware Workstation supports bridging to existing:
✦ host network adapters
✦ CD-ROM devices
✦ hard disk drives
✦ USB devices (including USB Isochronous devices such as webcams,
microphones etc.)
■ provides the ability to simulate some hardware
■ For example,
✦ it can mount an ISO file as a CD-ROM
✦ .vmdk files as hard disks,
■ can configure its network adapter driver to use network address
translation (NAT) through the host machine rather than bridging
through it (which would require an IP address for each guest machine
on the host network)
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 8 of 27
VMware Workstation
■ Multiple successive snapshots of an operating system running under
VMware Workstation can be taken, and the virtual machine can be
restarted in the state it was in when any snapshot was saved.
■ VMware Workstation includes the ability to designate multiple virtual
machines as a team which administrators can then power on and off,
suspend, and resume as a single object, making it particularly useful for
testing client-server environments.
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 9 of 27
VMware-Take a Snapshot of a Virtual Machine
■ When you take a snapshot, you preserve the state of a virtual machine
at a specific moment in time and the virtual machine continues to run.
Taking a snapshot enables you to return to the same state repeatedly.
You can take a snapshot while a virtual machine is powered on,
powered off, or suspended.
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 10 of 27
Understanding Virtual Networking Components
■ The virtual networking components in Workstation include virtual switches,
virtual network adapters, the virtual DHCP server, and the NAT device.
■ Virtual Switches
■ Like a physical switch, a virtual switch connects networking components
together. Virtual switches, which are also referred to as virtual networks, are
named VMnet0, VMnet1, VMnet2, and so on. A few virtual switches are
mapped to specific networks by default.
■ Virtual Network Adapters
■ When you use the New Virtual Machine wizard to create a new virtual
machine, the wizard creates a virtual network adapter for the virtual machine.
The virtual network adapter appears in the guest operating system as an AMD
PCNET PCI adapter or Intel Pro/1000 MT Server Adapter. In Windows Vista
and Windows 7 guest operating systems, it is an Intel Pro/1000 MT Server
Adapter. Workstation 6.0 and later virtual machines can have up to 10 virtual
network adapters. Workstation 4 or 5.x virtual machines are limited to three
virtual network adapters.
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 11 of 27
Understanding Virtual Networking Components
■ Virtual DHCP Server
■ The virtual Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server
provides IP addresses to virtual machines in configurations that are
not bridged to an external network. For example, the virtual DHCP
server assigns IP addresses to virtual machines in host-only and NAT
configurations.
■ NAT Device
■ In a NAT configuration, the NAT device passes network data between
one or more virtual machines and the external network, identifies
incoming data packets intended for each virtual machine, and sends
them to the correct destination
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 12 of 27
Understanding Virtual Networking Components
■ You can configure
✦ bridged networking
✦ NAT
✦ host-only networking for virtual machines
■ You can also use the virtual networking components to create
sophisticated custom virtual networks.
■ Bridged Networking
■ Bridged networking connects a virtual machine to a network by using
the network adapter on the host system.
■ If the host system is on a network, bridged networking is often the
easiest way to give the virtual machine access to that network.
■ When you install Workstation on a Windows or Linux host system, a
bridged network (VMnet0) is set up for you.
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 13 of 27
Understanding Virtual Networking Components
■ NAT Networking
■ With NAT, a virtual machine does not have its own IP address on the
external network. Instead, a separate private network is set up on the
host system. In the default configuration, a virtual machine gets an
address on this private network from the virtual DHCP server. The
virtual machine and the host system share a single network identity
that is not visible on the external network
■ Host-Only Networking
■ Host-only networking creates a network that is completely contained
within the host computer. Host-only networking provides a network
connection between the virtual machine and the host system by using
a virtual network adapter that is visible on the host operating system.
■ When you install Workstation on a Windows or Linux host system, a
host-only network (VMnet1) is set up for you.
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 14 of 27
Bridged networking
■ Bridged networking configures the virtual machine as a unique identity
on the network, separate from and unrelated to the host system. The
virtual machine is a full participant in the network. It has access to
other machines on the network, and other machines on the network
can contact it as if it were a physical computer on the network.
■
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 15 of 27
NAT networking
■
With NAT, a virtual machine does not have its own IP address on the external
network. Instead, a separate private network is set up on the host system. In
the default configuration, virtual machines get an address on this private
network from the virtual DHCP server.
■ The virtual machine and the host system share a single network identity that
is not visible on the external network. NAT works by translating the IP
addresses of virtual machines in the private network to the IP address of the
host system. When a virtual machine sends a request to access a network
resource, it appears to the network resource as if the request is coming from
the host system.
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 16 of 27
Configuring Host-Only Networking
■ When you install Workstation on a Windows or Linux host system, a host-
only network (VMnet1) is set up for you. Host-only networking is useful if you
need to set up an isolated virtual network. In a host-only network, the virtual
machine and the host virtual network adapter are connected to a private
Ethernet network. The network is completely contained within the host
system.
■ The network connection between the virtual machine and the host system is
provided by a virtual network adapter that is visible on the host operating
system. The virtual DHCP server provides IP addresses on the host-only
network.
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 17 of 27
Firewall
■
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 18 of 27
VMware
■ Hardware support:
✦ Workstation 8 is the first version that requires a x86-64-compatible CPU
✦ VMware virtual machines do not directly support FireWire
✦ VMware Workstation version 5.5 provided only experimental support for 3D hardware
acceleration, via Microsoft's Direct3D 8 API. A video has appeared on YouTube that
demonstrates several 3D-accelerated games running under VMware Fusion and Mac
OS X. The release notes for Fusion beta 2 include a list of 3D-accelerated computer
games that can run within Windows XP-based virtual machines. In version 6.5,
Direct3D 9.0 API support (only up to Shader Model 2.0) is provided on Windows
2000 and Windows XP guests (although not Windows 9x) and on any host OS.
Version 7 has support for Shader Model 3.0 and OpenGL 2.1 graphics. It can
run[dead link] Crysis at 14-18 frame/s at low settings. Windows Display Driver Model
support (version 1.0) was introduced in version 7.0, allowing Windows Aero to run in
virtualized Windows Vista and later Windows guests, but OpenGL is regressed to
1.4.
✦ 64-bit guest operating systems require a 64-bit processor and a BIOS compatible
with x86 virtualization. Intel processors require Intel VT hardware virtualization
technology as Intel 64-bit processors without hardware virtualization technology do
not have segmentation support in long mode.Only AMD64 processors of revision D
or later can run 64-bit guests
■
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 19 of 27
VMware Tools
■ VMware Tools is a package with drivers and other software that can
be installed in guest operating systems to increase their performance.
■ It has several components, including the following:
✦ Drivers for the emulated hardware:
✔ VESA-compliant graphics for the guest machine to access high screen
✦
✦
✦
✦
resolutions
✔ Network drivers for the vmxnet2 and vmxnet3 NIC
✔ Ensoniq AudioPCI audio
✔ Mouse integration
Drag-and-drop file support
Clipboard sharing between host and guest
Time synchronization capabilities (guest syncs with host machine's clock)
Support for Unity, a feature that allows seamless integration of applications
with the host desktop
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 20 of 27
VMware WorkStation 6.5 & 7
■ Bić e reč i o dve verzije VMware Workstation-a (verzija 6.5 i verzija 7),
■ najveć a razlika između ove dve verzije je ta da verzije 6.5 ima
ogranič enje upotrebe procesora, tač nije podržava samo dva jezgra po
virtuelnoj mašini, što znač i da ako, na primer, imate procesor sa četiri
jezgra, verzija 6.5 ć e koristiti samo dva, dok će ostala dva jezgra,
praktič no, ostati neiskorišć enja.
■ U verziji 7 je ovaj nedostatak je otklonjen
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 21 of 27
7.1. VMware WorkStation
■ VMware Workstation se lako instalira, poput svih Windows desktop
aplikacija, s tim što VMware Workstation nije besplatan.
■ Proces kreiranja nove virtuelne mašine je tako đe jednostavan.
■ Po startovanju aplikacije, dobija se startni ekran sa tri izbora:
✦ New Virtual Machine
✦ New Team
✦ Open Existing VM or Team
■ koja pruža izbor kreiranja jedne virtuelne mašine, više virtuelnih mašina
u mreži (LAN tim) ili otvaranje postejeće virtuelne mašina ili tima.
■ Po odabiru jedne od opcija, na verziji 6.5 se vide limiti softvera (8 GB
RAM memorije, 2 procesora (jezgra), 10 mrežnih adaptera).
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 22 of 27
7.1. VMware WorkStation
■ Slika 7.1. VMware Workstation 6.5
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 23 of 27
7.1. VMware WorkStation
■ Zatim se pristupa
■ izboru medija za instalaciju (CD/DVD ROM matič nog rač unara, image
disk)
■ sledi redom izbor:
✦
✦
✦
✦
✦
✦
operativnog sistema
zatim broja procesora (jezgara)
memorije
vrste mrežne kartice i nač ina njenog ponašanja
izbor hard disk kontrolera
kreiranje diska, imamo ponuđene tri opcije:
✔ Create New Virtual Disk
✔ Use Existing Disk
✔ Use Physical Disk
✦ pa odabir vrste (IDE ili SCSI) i velič ine virtuelnog diska
■ Kod verzije 7, kreiranje virtuelne mašine je konciznije tj. odabir
komponenti se nalazi na jednom ekranu.
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 24 of 27
7.1. VMware WorkStation
■ Odabir komponenti na verziji 7
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 25 of 27
7.1. VMware WorkStation
■ Posle svega ovoga, instalacija OS se normalno nastavlja
■ Nakon instalacije,
✦ VMware Workstation automatski pristupa instalaciji VMware Tools-a,
✦ paketa drajvera i ostalog softvera,
✦ koji ima za cilj poboljšanje performansi gostujuć eg operativnog sistema
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 26 of 27
VMware VMware WorkStation
■ VMware Tools softverski paket ima nekoliko komponenti, kao što su :
✦ Drajveri (Drivers) za emulirani hardver
✔ VESA drajveri za grafič ke karte (radi pristupa već im rezolucijama),
✔ Drajveri za Intel PRO 10/1000 mrežnu kartu,
✔ Drajveri za zvuč nu kartu,
✔ Drajveri integracija miša,
✦ "Drag and drop" podrška,
✦ Deljenje clipboard-a između gostujeć e i matič ne mašine,
✦ Sinhronizacija vremena (gostujuć e virtuelne mašine sinhronizuju vreme po
vremenu matič ne mašine).
VMwareWorkstation
Slide 27 of 27
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