UG of EAP controller - TP-Link

User Guide
EAP Controller Software
1910012206 REV 2.4.8
July 2017
CONTENTS
1 Quick Start........................................................................................................................ 1
1.1
Determine the Network Topology..........................................................................................................................2
1.1.1 Management in the Same Subnet.................................................................................................................. 2
1.1.2 Management in Different Subnets................................................................................................................. 3
1.2
Install the EAP Controller...........................................................................................................................................3
1.2.1 Installation on Windows Host........................................................................................................................... 3
1.2.2 Installation on Linux Host.................................................................................................................................. 4
1.3
Inform the EAPs of the Controller Host's Address...........................................................................................5
1.4
Start and Log in to the EAP Controller..................................................................................................................6
1.4.1 Launch the EAP Controller................................................................................................................................ 6
1.4.2 Do the Basic Configurations............................................................................................................................ 7
1.4.3 Log in to the Management Interface............................................................................................................. 9
1.5
Create Sites and Adopt EAPs...................................................................................................................................9
1.5.1 Create Sites............................................................................................................................................................ 9
1.5.2 Adopt the EAPs.................................................................................................................................................. 10
1.6
Monitor and Manage the EAPs..............................................................................................................................11
2 Monitor and Manage the Network..........................................................................12
2.1
Monitor the Network with the Map......................................................................................................................13
2.1.1 Add a Map............................................................................................................................................................. 13
2.1.2 Monitor the EAPs on the Map....................................................................................................................... 15
2.2
View the Statistics of the Network......................................................................................................................16
2.2.1 View the Client Distribution on SSID.......................................................................................................... 16
2.2.2 Have a Quick Look at EAPs and Clients.................................................................................................... 16
2.2.3 View Current Usage-Top EAPs.................................................................................................................... 17
2.2.4 View Recent Activities..................................................................................................................................... 17
2.3
Monitor and Manage the EAPs..............................................................................................................................18
2.3.1 Manage the EAPs in Different Status......................................................................................................... 18
2.3.2 View the Detailed Information of EAPs..................................................................................................... 19
2.3.3 Manage the EAPs in the Action Column................................................................................................... 19
2.4
Monitor and Manage Clients..................................................................................................................................20
2.4.1 View the Current Information of Clients................................................................................................... 20
2.4.2 Manage Clients in the Action Column........................................................................................................ 21
2.5
View Clients Statistics During the Specified Period ....................................................................................21
2.5.1 Select a Specified Period............................................................................................................................... 21
2.5.2 View the History Information of Clients.................................................................................................... 22
2.5.3 Manage Clients in the Action Column........................................................................................................ 22
2.6
Manage the Rogue APs List...................................................................................................................................22
2.6.1 Manage the Untrusted Rogue APs List..................................................................................................... 22
2.6.2 Manage the Trusted Rogue APs List.......................................................................................................... 23
2.7
View Past Guest Authorization..............................................................................................................................24
2.8
View Logs......................................................................................................................................................................24
2.9
View Alerts....................................................................................................................................................................25
3 Configure the EAPs Globally....................................................................................26
3.1
Wireless Network.......................................................................................................................................................27
3.1.1 Add Wireless Networks................................................................................................................................... 27
3.1.2 Configure Advanced Wireless Parameters............................................................................................. 32
3.1.3 Configure Band Steering................................................................................................................................ 33
3.2
Access Control...........................................................................................................................................................34
3.3
Portal Authentication................................................................................................................................................35
3.3.1 No Authentication............................................................................................................................................. 36
3.3.2 Simple Password............................................................................................................................................... 37
3.3.3 Hotspot.................................................................................................................................................................. 38
3.3.4 External Radius Server.................................................................................................................................... 42
3.3.5 External Portal Server...................................................................................................................................... 44
3.4
Free Authentication Policy.....................................................................................................................................45
3.5
MAC Filter.....................................................................................................................................................................45
3.6
Scheduler......................................................................................................................................................................47
3.7
QoS..................................................................................................................................................................................49
3.8
System...........................................................................................................................................................................52
3.8.1 Reboot Schedule............................................................................................................................................... 52
3.8.2 Log Setting........................................................................................................................................................... 52
3.8.3 Device Account.................................................................................................................................................. 54
3.8.4 LED.......................................................................................................................................................................... 54
3.8.5 SSH......................................................................................................................................................................... 55
3.8.6 Management VLAN........................................................................................................................................... 55
3.8.7 Backup&Restore................................................................................................................................................ 56
3.8.8 Batch Upgrade.................................................................................................................................................... 56
4 Configure the EAPs Separately..............................................................................57
4.1
View the Information of the EAP...........................................................................................................................58
4.1.1 Overview............................................................................................................................................................... 58
4.1.2 LAN.......................................................................................................................................................................... 58
4.1.3 Radio....................................................................................................................................................................... 59
4.2
View Clients Connecting to the EAP...................................................................................................................59
4.2.1 User......................................................................................................................................................................... 59
4.2.2 Guest...................................................................................................................................................................... 60
4.3
Configure the EAP.....................................................................................................................................................60
4.3.1 Basic Config......................................................................................................................................................... 60
4.3.2 IP Setting............................................................................................................................................................... 61
4.3.3 Radio....................................................................................................................................................................... 61
4.3.4 Load Balance....................................................................................................................................................... 63
4.3.5 WLANs................................................................................................................................................................... 63
4.3.6 Trunk Settings.................................................................................................................................................... 64
4.3.7 Rouge AP Detection......................................................................................................................................... 64
4.3.8 Forget this AP..................................................................................................................................................... 65
4.3.9 Local LAN Port VLAN Settings..................................................................................................................... 65
5 Manage the EAP Controller......................................................................................66
5.1
Information About the Software...........................................................................................................................67
5.2
User Account...............................................................................................................................................................67
5.3
Controller Settings....................................................................................................................................................68
5.3.1 Configure Controller Hostname/IP............................................................................................................. 68
5.3.2 Configure Mail Server...................................................................................................................................... 69
6 Application Example...................................................................................................70
6.1
Basic Configuration...................................................................................................................................................71
6.2
Advanced Settings....................................................................................................................................................71
6.2.1 Monitor the EAPs with Map............................................................................................................................ 71
6.2.2 Configure Portal Authentication.................................................................................................................. 72
6.2.3 Create a SSID for the Employees................................................................................................................ 74
6.2.4 Configure Scheduler........................................................................................................................................ 75
1 Quick Start
The EAP Controller is a management software for the TP-Link EAP devices. It allows you to centrally
manage your EAP devices using a web browser. You can configure EAPs in batches and conduct
real-time monitoring of each EAP in the network.
Follow the steps below to complete the basic settings of the EAP Controller.
1. Determine the Network Topology
2. Install the EAP Controller
3. Inform the EAPs of the Controller Host's Address
4. Start and Log in to the EAP Controller
5. Create Sites and Adopt the EAPs
6. Monitor and Manage the EAPs
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1.1 Determine the Network Topology
There are two kinds of network topologies to centrally manage EAPs via the EAP Controller:
·The EAP Controller and EAPs are in the same subnet.
·The EAP Controller and EAPs are in different subnets.
Determine your management method according to your need and refer to the following
introductions to build your network toplogy.
1.1.1 Management in the Same Subnet
If your EAP Controller and EAPs are in the same subnet, refer to the following network topology.
A router acts as a DHCP server to assign IP addresses to EAPs and clients. EAP Controller should
be installed on one host, which is called as Controller Host. The other hosts in the same LAN can
access the Controller Host to manage the network. Taking the following topology as an example,
you can enter “192.168.0.100:8043“ in a web browser on Host B to visit the EAP Controller interface
on Host A. It's recommended to set a static IP address to the Controller Host for the convenient
login to the EAP Controller interface.
Host A (Controller Host)
IP: 192.168.0.100/24
Layer 2 Switch
Router (DHCP Server)
LAN IP:192.168.0.1/24
Internet
EAP Controller
EAPs
Host B
IP: 192.168.0.200/24
Clients
Note
··The EAP Controller must be running all the time when you manage the network.
··The EAP Controller can be running on only one host in a LAN. When other users in the LAN try to launch EAP
Controller on their own hosts, they will be redirected to the host that is already running EAP Controller.
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1.1.2 Management in Different Subnets
If your EAP Controller and EAPs are in different subnets, refer to the following topology.
A router acts as the gateway of the network. A layer 3 switch acts as a DHCP server to assign IP
addresses to EAPs and clients. The Controller Host and the EAPs are connected to the switch's
different network segments. To help the EAPs find the Controller Host, EAP Discover Utility should
be installed on Host B which is in the same subnet with the EAPs. For how to use EAP Discovery
Utility, refer to 1.3 Inform the EAPs the Controller Host's Address for detailed instructions.
Host A (Controller Host)
Layer 3 Switch
IP: 192.168.1.100/24
EAP Controller
192.168.1.0/24
Router
(DHCP Server)
Internet
WAN
LAN
192.168.2.0/24
EAPs
EAP
Discovery Utility
Host B
IP: 192.168.2.100/24
Clients
1.2 Install the EAP Controller
We provide EAP Controller for both Windows and Linux operating systems. Determine your
operation system and follow the introductions below to install EAP Controller.
1.2.1 Installation on Windows Host
Make sure your PC meets the following system requirements and then properly install the EAP
Controller software.
System Requirements
Operating System: Microsoft Windows XP/Vista/7/8/10.
Web Browser: Mozilla Firefox 32 (or above), Google Chrome 37 (or above), Opera 24 (or above), or
Microsoft Internet Explorer 11 (or above).
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Note
We recommend that you deploy the EAP controller on a 64-bit operating system to guarantee the software
stability.
Install the EAP Controller
Download the installation file of EAP Controller from the website http://www.tp-link.com/en/
download/EAP-Controller.html. Then follow the instructions to properly install the EAP Controller
software. After successful installation, a shortcut icon
your desktop.
of the EAP Controller will be created on
1.2.2 Installation on Linux Host
Make sure your PC meets the following system requirements and then install the EAP Controller
software.
System Requirements
Operating System: 64-bit Linux operating system, including 16.04/17.04, CentOS 7.2/7.3 and
Fedora 24/25.
Web Browser: Mozilla Firefox 32 (or above), Google Chrome 37 (or above), Opera 24 (or above), or
Microsoft Internet Explorer 11 (or above).
Install the EAP Controller
Download the installation file of EAP Controller from our website http://www.tp-link.com/en/
download/EAP-Controller.html.
Follow the steps below to install EAP Controller on your Linux PC:
1. Make sure your PC is runnning in root mode. You can use this command to enter root mode:
sudo
2. Extract the tar.gz file using the command:
tar zxvf eap_ctrl_v2.4.8_linux_x64_20170619173055.tar.gz
3. Install EAP Controller using the command:
sudo ./install.sh
Tips
··To uninstall EAP Controller, go to the insatllation path: /opt/tplink/EAPController, and run the command:
sudo ./uninstall.sh.
··During uninstallation, you can choose whether to backup the database.The backup folder is /opt/tplink/
EAPController/eap_db_backup.
··During installation, you will be asked whether to restore the database if there is any backup database in the
folder /opt/tplink/EAPController/eap_db_backup.
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1.3 Inform the EAPs of the Controller Host's Address
If your Controller Host and EAPs are in the same network segment, you can skip this section.
If your Controller Host and EAPs are in different subnets, you need to install EAP Discovery Utility
on a host that is in the same network segment with the EAPs. EAP Discovery Utility can help the
EAPs find the Controller Host.
System Requirements
WinXP/Vista/7/8/8.1/10/Server2008/Server2012
Mac OS X 10.7/10.8/10.9/10.10/10.11
Install and Use EAP Discovery Utility
Follow the steps below to install EAP Discovery Utility and use it to inform the EAPs of the Controller
host's IP address:
1. Download the installation file from our website http://www.tp-link.com/en/download/EAP-
Controller.html#EAP_Discovery_Tool . Then follow the instructions to properly install EAP
Discovery Utility.
2. Open the EAP Discovery Utility and the following window will pop up. This window shows the
information of all EAPs in the same LAN.
3. Click manage in the Action column or select multiple EAPs and click Batch Setting.
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4. Enter the hostname or IP address of the Controller Host.
5. Enter the EAP’s username and password (both are admin by default).
6. Click Apply to inform the EAP of the Controller's hostname or IP address. And then the
connection can be established between the EAP and the Controller Host.
1.4 Start and Log in to the EAP Controller
Launch the software on the Controller Host and follow the instructions to complete the basic
configurations, and then you can log in to the management interface.
1.4.1 Launch the EAP Controller
Launch EAP Controller on Windows Host
To launch EAP Controller on a Windows host, double click the icon
and the following window will
pop up. You can click Hide to hide this window but do not close it. After a while, your web browser
will automatically open.
6
Note
··If your browser does not open automatically, click Launch a Browser to Manage Wireless Network. You can
also launch a web browser and enter http://127.0.0.1:8088 in the address bar.
··If your web browser opens but prompts a problem with the website's security certificate, click Continue.
Launch EAP Controller on Linux Host
To launch EAP Controller on a Linux host, follow the steps below:
1. Start the EAP Controller service using the command: tpeap start.
2. Launch a web browser and enter http://127.0.0.1:8088 in the address bar to visit the web page of
EAP Controller.
Tips
You can also use the following commands to stop the service or view the service status:
··To stop the service: tpeap stop
··To view the service status: tpeap status
1.4.2 Do the Basic Configurations
In the web browser you can see the configuration page. Follow the setup wizard to complete the
basic settings for EAP Controller.
1. The EAP Controller displays all the detected EAPs in the network. Select the one or more EAPs
to be managed and click Next.
2. Set the SSID name (wireless network name) and password for the EAPs to be managed. The EAP
Controller will create two wireless networks, a 2.4GHz one and a 5GHz one both encrypted in the
WPA2-PSK mode. Click Next.
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3. Specify a username and a password to create an administrator account. Specify the email
address to receive the notification emails and reset your password if necessary. Click Next.
Note
After logging into the EAP Controller, please set a mail server so that you can receive the notification emails
and reset your password in case that you forget the password. Please refer to Configure Mail Server.
4. Review your settings and click Finish.
8
1.4.3 Log in to the Management Interface
Once the basic configuration is finished, the browser will be redirected to the following page. Log
in to the management interface of EAP Controller with the username and password you have set in
the basic configuration.
Note
:
In addition to the Controller Host, other hosts in the same LAN can also manage EAP devices via remote
access to the Controller Host. For example, when the IP address of the Controller Host is 192.168.0.100
and the EAP Controller is running normally on this host, you can enter https://192.168.0.100:8043/login, or
https://192.168.0.100:8043, or http://192.168.0.100:8088 in the web browser of other hosts in the same LAN
to log into the management interface and manage EAP devices.
1.5 Create Sites and Adopt EAPs
The EAP Controller can manage multiple EAP networks, which are called sites. Multiple sites are
logically separated, and each site has its own configurations. There is an initial site named Default.
If you have no need to manage EAPs with different sites, you can use the default site and skip the
Create Sites section. However, Adopt the EAPs is a necessary step to manage the EAPs.
1.5.1 Create Sites
Follow the steps below to add sites.
1. Click
in the top left corner of the page and select
window will pop up.
2. Click
and set a name for the site.
9
, and then the following
3. Click Apply to create the site.
1.5.2 Adopt the EAPs
The EAP Controller can discover all EAP devices currently connected in the network and display
their connection statuses. All the EAPs are in Pending status when first discovered by the EAP
Controller. To manage the EAPs, you need to adopt them. In the quick setup process, the EAP
Controller will automatically adopt the selected EAPs using the default username and password
(both are admin). However, if you have changed the username or password of your EAPs before, the
EAP Controller cannot automatically adopt the them.
To ensure that all EAPs are adopted, follow the steps below:
1. Select a site and go to Access Points > Pending. The table displays all the EAPs that have not
been adopted.
2. Click the Retry button in the Action column and enter the current username and password of the
EAP. Click Apply.
Tips
··If you have a new discovered EAP, you can click the Adopt button in the Action column to adopt the EAP. The
EAP Controller will automatically adopt the EAP using the default username and password (both are admin).
··If you have multiple new discovered EAPs, and all of them have the default username and password (both
are admin), you can click the Batch Adopt button to adopt them all at once. But if there are any EAPs with the
Retry button, it means that the username and password of these EAPs have been changed. You need to first
adopt them before batch adopt the rest EAPs.
3. Wait for a moment, the EAPs will be adopted and the status will change to Connected. All the
EAPs’ username and password will become the same as those of the Controller's administrator
account you created in the Basic Configuration.
Tips
If you want to change the EAPs' username and password, please refer to Device Account.
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1.6 Monitor and Manage the EAPs
When all the configurations above are finished, you can centrally monitor and manage the EAPs via
the EAP Controller's management interface. The management interface is mainly divided into three
sections as the following screen.
Section A
In Section A, you can check the status of EAPs and clients in the network. Also,
to refresh the current page, click
to globally configure the
you can click
wireless network, and click
to sign out from the management interface.
Furthermore, the Sites allows you to group your EAPs and manage them in
batches. To configure sites, refer to Create Sites.
Section B
In Section B, you can centrally monitor and manage the EAPs and clients.
Section C
In Section C, you can globally configure the wireless network. The global
configurations will take effect on all the adopted EAPs.
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2 Monitor and Manage the Network
With the EAP Controller you can monitor the EAP devices and centrally manage your wireless
network. This chapter includes the following sections:
·Monitor the Network with the Map
·View the Statistics of the Network
·Monitor and Manage the EAPs
·Monitor and Manage Clients
·View Clients Statistics during the Specified Period
·Manage the Rogue APs List
·View Past Guest Authorization
·View Logs
·View Alerts
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2.1 Monitor the Network with the Map
You can upload your local map images and monitor the status and coverage range of each EAP with
the map. When you initially launch the EAP Controller, a default map is displayed as the following
figure shows. Follow the instructions below to add your own map and manage the EAPs via the map.
2.1.1 Add a Map
Prepare a map image in .jpg, .gif, or .png format. And then follow the steps below to add the map to
the EAP Controller.
1. Click Configure Maps on the upper right corner of map and click Add.
2. Enter the map description, select your map image, and click Create.
3. Select your local map from the drop-down list on the upper right corner of map area.
13
4. Click
. Draw a line on the map and enter the distance the line represents. Then the EAP
Controller will compute and generate the map scale automatically based on your configuration.
5. Drag the EAPs from the Unplaced APs list to the appropriate locations on the map according to
their actual locations.
You can click
to reveal additional options:
Lock the selected EAP in the current location on the map.
14
Unlock the selected EAP and you can drag it to another location.
Display the EAP's details and configure the wireless parameters. Refer to
Configure the EAPs Separately.
Remove the selected EAP back into the Unplaced APs list.
2.1.2 Monitor the EAPs on the Map
Click any of the following options to display EAP Label, Details, and Coverage on the map.
Label
Display the EAP’s name. The default name is the MAC address of the EAP.
Details
Display the EAP’s name, MAC address, IP address, transmitting/receiving
channel, number of connected users, and number of connected guests.
Coverage
Display a visual representation of the wireless range covered by EAPs. The
actual signal coverage may be smaller than the visual coverage on the map
because the obstacles around the EAPs will weaken the signal.
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2.2 View the Statistics of the Network
The EAP Controller collects all statistics of the managed EAPs and displays the statistical
information via graphs, pie charts and tables, providing an overview of your wireless network.
2.2.1 View the Client Distribution on SSID
A visual pie chart represents the client distribution on each SSID. For example, the ssid_211 has
one client, which occupies 50% of all the clients.
2.2.2 Have a Quick Look at EAPs and Clients
This tab displays the Most Active AP, the Most Active Clients and the All-Time Top Client. You can
click the MAC address of the EAP or the client to see more details.
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Most Active AP
The current connected AP with the maximum traffic.
Most Active
Client
The current connected client with the maximum traffic.
All-time Top
Client
The client with the maximum traffic among all the clients that have ever
accessed the EAP network.
2.2.3 View Current Usage-Top EAPs
This tab lists the hostname, the number of connected clients and the data traffic condition of the
ten APs with the most traffic currently.
Clients
The amount of clients connected to this EAP.
%Clients
The proportion of current connected clients to the Top EAPs' total client
amount.
Traffic
The total amount of data transmitted by this EAP, which equals the sum of the
transmission traffic of all the current clients that connect to the AP.
%Traffic
The proportion of the EAP's current data transmission amount to the Top EAPs'
total transmission amount.
2.2.4 View Recent Activities
The Recent Activities statistics can be toggled between a view for the past specific 24 hours and
one for the past specific 30 days.
17
The left ordinate axis indicates the traffic and the right one represents the number of the clients.
The abscissa axis shows the selected time period. Traffic indicates a visual graph of the network
traffic during the selected time period. Client indicates a visual graph of the number of the
connected clients during the selected time period. For example, the statistics information at 10:00
indicates the traffic size and client number from 9:00 to 10:00. In the following figure, at 10 o’clock,
the traffic is about 8 and there is 1 client connected to the AP.
2.3 Monitor and Manage the EAPs
The EAP Controller can discover all the EAP devices currently connected to the network and display
the information about them on the Access Points page.
2.3.1 Manage the EAPs in Different Status
According to their connection status, all the EAPs are divided into three categories: connected,
disconnected and pending. You can view the EAPs in different status on different pages:
All
Displays the information of all the EAPs in different status.
Pending
Displays the pending EAPs.
All the EAPs are in pending state by default when first discovered by the EAP
Controller, and only after they are adopted and connected, you can monitor and
manage them. To adopt pending EAPs, please refer to Adopt EAPs.
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Connected
Displays the connected EAPs.
Disconnected
Displays the disconnected EAPs.
Only connected EAPs can be managed. After you adopt a pending EAP, its status will
become provisioning and then connected. A connected EAP will turn into a pending
one after you forget this EAP. You can refer to Forget this AP to forget a EAP or click
Forget All on the page to forget all the connected EAPs.
If a connected or pending EAP powers off, it will be disconnected. When a
disconnected EAP is reset to factory default settings or you forget it, it will turn into a
pending one again. You can refer to Forget this AP to forget a EAP or click Forget All
on the page to forget all the disconnected EAPs.
2.3.2 View the Detailed Information of EAPs
You can click Overview, Config, and Performance tab to view different detailed information of
EAPs.
Overview
Overview displays the EAP's name/MAC address, IP address, status, model, software
version, number of connected clients and download/upload bytes.
Config
Config displays the EAP's name/MAC address, IP address, status, model, software
version, WLAN Group bounded with the 2G and 5G of the EAP, and radio of the 2G and
5G.
Performance
Performance displays the EAP's name/MAC address, IP address, status, model,
software version, number of connected 2G clients and 5G clients, TX(Downloaded
Traffic), RX(Uploaded Traffic), TX 2G and TX 5G.
2.3.3 Manage the EAPs in the Action Column
You can execute the corresponding operation to the EAP by clicking an icon in the Action column.
Locate the EAP in the map.
Reboot the EAP.
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Upgrade the EAP.
Click Browse to locate and choose the upgrade file in your computer, then click
Upgrade to install the latest EAP firmware. The Status will appear as Upgrading until
the process is complete and the EAP reconnects to the EAP Controller.
Move the EAP to a site.
Select a site that has been created and click Apply. You can group all the EAPs by this
way and centrally manage them on each site.
Note
··Only managed EAPs can be rebooted or upgraded.
··If you want to login to the EAP's own management interface, you need to forget the EAP before that.
2.4 Monitor and Manage Clients
The Clients tab displays the clients connected to the EAP network.
2.4.1 View the Current Information of Clients
The clients are divided into two types: User and Guest. Users are the clients connected to the EAP
wireless network without the Portal Authentication. Guests are the clients connected to the EAP
wireless network with the Portal Authentication.
You can click the following tabs to respectively view the detailed information of users and guests.
All Clients
The page will display the information of all clients including users and guests.
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Users
The page will display the information of Users.
Guests
The page will display the information of Guests.
2.4.2 Manage Clients in the Action Column
You can execute the corresponding operation to the EAP by clicking an icon in the Action column:
Reconnect the client to the network.
Restrict the client's access to the network.
If the client is Guest, you can click this icon to cancel the authorization for it.
2.5 View Clients Statistics During the Specified Period
The Clients Statistics page under the Insight tab displays the information of clients that have
connected to the EAPs network during a specified period.
2.5.1 Select a Specified Period
Select a period from the drop-down menu. Then the page will display clients that have connected to
the EAPs network during the period.
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2.5.2 View the History Information of Clients
You can click the client's MAC address to get its connection history or click the following tabs to
view the information of different types of clients:
All
The page will display the history information of all the clients.
User
The page will display the history information of Users.
Guest
The page will display the history information of Guests.
Blocked
The page will display the clients that have been blocked.
Users are the clients connected to the EAP wireless network without the Portal
Authentication.
Guests are the clients connected to the EAP wireless network with the Portal Authentication.
All
The page will display the history information of all clients.
Offline Only
The page will display the history information of the offline clients.
2.5.3 Manage Clients in the Action Column
You can execute the corresponding operation to the EAP by clicking an icon in the Action column:
Block the client's access to the network.
Resume the client's access.
2.6 Manage the Rogue APs List
A Rogue AP is an access point that has been installed on a secure network without explicit
authorization from a system administrator. The EAP Controller can scan all channels to detect
all nearby EAPs. If rogue APs are detected, they will be shown on the Untrusted Rogue APs list.
Besides, you can move the untrusted rouge APs to the Trusted Rogue APs list.
2.6.1 Manage the Untrusted Rogue APs List
The Untrusted Rogue APs page displays the detailed information of untrusted rogue APs.
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You can execute the corresponding operation to the EAP by clicking an icon in the Action column:
Move the untrusted rogue AP to the Trusted Rogue APs list.
Delete this record.
Delete all records.
2.6.2 Manage the Trusted Rogue APs List
The Trusted Rogue APs page displays the detailed information of trusted rogue APs.
You can execute the corresponding operation to the EAP by clicking an icon in the Action column:
Move the trusted rogue AP to the Untrusted Rogue APs list.
Export and download the current Trusted Rogue APs list and save it on your PC.
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Import a saved Trusted Rogue APs list. If the MAC address of an AP appears in list, it will
not be detected as a rogue AP.
Please follow the steps below:
1. Select Replace (replace the current Trusted Rogue APs list with the one you import) or
Merge (add the APs in the file to the current Trusted Rogue APs list).
2. Click Browse to locate the file and choose it.
3. Click Import to import the Trusted Rogue APs list.
2.7 View Past Guest Authorization
The Past Guest Authorization page displays the details about all the clients that accessed the
network during a certain time period. You can select a period in the drop-down list.
2.8 View Logs
The logs of the EAP Controller can effectively record, classify and manage the system information
of the managed EAPs, providing powerful support for network administrator to monitor network
operation and diagnose malfunctions. The Logs page displays EAP's MAC address, level, occurred
time and content.
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2.9 View Alerts
You can see the status change of your EAPs on the Unarchived Alerts page. You can click
or
As follows, the Archived Alerts page displays the alerts archived by you. You can click
to delete the records.
or
to move unarchived alerts to the Archived Alerts page.
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3 Configure the EAPs Globally
This chapter introduces the global configurations applied to all the managed EAPs. To configure a
specific EAP, please refer to Chapter 4 Configure the EAPs Separately.
In global configurations, you can configure the following items:
·Wireless Network
·Access Control
·Portal Authentication
·Free Authentication Policy
·MAC Filter
·Scheduler
·System
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3.1 Wireless Network
In addition to the wireless network you created in Quick Start, you can add more wireless networks
and configure the advanced wireless parameters to improve the quality of the wireless network.
3.1.1 Add Wireless Networks
To add wireless networks, follow the steps below.
1. Go to Wireless Settings > Basic Wireless Setting.
2. Select a band frequency
and click
at the right of
to add a WLAN
group. If you have no need to group your wireless networks, you can use the default WLAN
group and skip this step.
3. Specify a name for the group and click Apply.
4. Select the brand frequency
5. Click
and WLAN group
to add an SSID to the specific WLAN group.
6. Configure the parameters in the following window.
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.
SSID Name
Enter an SSID name contains up to 32 characters.
Wireless Vlan ID
Set a VLAN ID for the wireless network. Wireless networks with the same VLAN ID
are grouped to a VLAN.
The value ranges from 0 to 4094. 0 means VLAN function is disabled.
SSID Broadcast
With the option enabled, EAPs will broadcast the SSID to the nearby hosts, so that
those hosts can find the wireless network identified by this SSID. If this option is
disabled, users must enter the SSID manually to connect to the EAP.
Enabled by default.
Security Mode
Select the security mode of the wireless network.
None: The hosts can access the wireless network without authentication.
WEP/WPA-Enterprise/WPA-PSK: The hosts need to get authenticated before
accessing the wireless network. For the network security, you are suggested to
encrypt your wireless network. Settings vary in different security modes and the
details are in the following introduction.
Portal
With the option enabled, the configurations in Portal will be applied. Portal
provides authentication service for the clients who just need temporary access to
the wireless network, such as the customers in shopping mall and restaurant.
Disabled by default.
SSID Isolation
With the option enabled, the devices connected in the same SSID of the same AP
cannot communicate with each other.
Disabled by default.
Access Control
Select an Access Control rule for this SSID. For more information, refer to Access
Control.
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Following is the detailed introduction of WEP, WPA-Enterprise and WPA-PSK.
WEP
WEP is based on the IEEE 802.11 standard and less safe than WPA-Enterprise and WPA-PSK.
Note
WEP is not supported in 802.11n mode or 802.11ac mode. If WEP is applied in 802.11n, 802.11 ac or 802.11n/
ac mixed mode, the clients may not be able to access the wireless network. If WEP is applied in 11b/g/n mode
(2.4GHz) or 11a/n (5GHz), the EAP device may work at a low transmission rate.
Type
Select the authentication type for WEP.
Auto: The EAP Controller can select Open System or Shared Key automatically
based on the wireless station's capability and request.
Open System: Clients can pass the authentication and associate with the
wireless network without password. However, correct password is necessary
for data transmission.
Shared Key: Clients have to input password to pass the authentication,
otherwise it cannot associate with the wireless network or transmit data.
Key Selected
Select one key to specify. You can configure four keys at most.
WEP Key Format
Select ASCII or Hexadecima as the WEP key format.
ASCII: ASCII format stands for any combination of keyboard characters of the
specified length.
Hexadecimal: Hexadecimal format stands for any combination of hexadecimal
digits (0-9, a-f, A-F) with the specified length.
Key Type
Select the WEP key length for encryption.
64Bit: Enter 10 hexadecimal digits or 5 ASCII characters.
128Bit: Enter 26 hexadecimal digits or 13 ASCII characters.
152Bit: Enter 32 hexadecimal digits or 16 ASCII characters.
Key Value
Enter the WEP keys. The length and valid characters are affected by key type.
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WPA-Enterprise
The WPA-Enterprise mode requires a RADIUS server to authenticate clients. Since the WPA-
Enterprise can generate different passwords for different clients, it is much safer than WPA-PSK.
However, it costs much more to maintain and is usually used by enterprise.
Version
Select the version of WPA-Enterprise.
Auto: The EAP will automatically choose the version used by each client
device.
WPA/WPA2: Two versions of Wi-Fi Protected Access.
Encryption
Select the Encryption type.
Auto: The default setting is Auto and the EAP will select TKIP or AES
automatically based on the client device's request.
TKIP: Temporal Key Integrity Protocol. TKIP is not supported in 802.11n
mode, 802.11ac mode or 802.11n/ac mixed mode. If TKIP is applied in
802.11n, 802.11 ac or 802.11n/ac mixed mode, the clients may not be
able to access the wireless network of the EAP. If TKIP is applied in 11b/
g/n mode (2.4GHz) or 11a/n mode(5GHz), the device may work at a low
transmission rate.
AES: Advanced Encryption Standard. We recommend you select AES as
the encryption type because it is more secure than TKIP.
Radius Server IP
Enter the IP address of the Radius Server.
Radius Port
Enter the port number of the Radius Server.
Radius Password
Enter the shared secret key of the Radius server.
Group Key Update
Period
Specify a group key update period, which instructs the EAP how
often it should change the encryption keys. The value can be either 0
or 30~8640000 seconds. 0 means no change of the encryption key
anytime.
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WPA-PSK
Based on a pre-shared key, WPA-PSK is characterized by high safety and simple settings and is
mostly used by common households and small businesses.
Version
Select the version of WPA-PSK.
Auto: The EAP will automatically choose the version for each client device.
WPA-PSK: Pre-shared key of WPA.
WAP2-PSK: Pre-shared key of WPA2.
Encryption
Select the Encryption type.
Auto: The default setting is Auto and the EAP will select TKIP or AES
automatically based on the client request.
TKIP: Temporal Key Integrity Protocol. TKIP is not supported in 802.11n mode,
802.11ac mode or 802.11n/ac mixed mode. If TKIP is applied in 802.11n,
802.11 ac or 802.11n/ac mixed mode, the clients may not be able to access the
wireless network of the EAP. If TKIP is applied in 11b/g/n mode (2.4GHz) or 11a/
n mode(5GHz), the device may work at a low transmission rate.
AES: Advanced Encryption Standard. We recommend you select AES as the
encryption type for it is more secure than TKIP.
Wireless
Password
Configure the wireless password with ASCII or Hexadecimal characters.
Group Key
Update Period
Specify a group key update period, which instructs the EAP how often it
should change the encryption keys. The value can be either 0 or 30~8640000
seconds. 0 means the encryption keys will not be changed all the time.
For ASCII, the length should be between 8 and 63 characters with combination
of numbers, letters (case-sensitive) and common punctuations. For
Hexadecimal, the length should be 64 characters (case-insensitive, 0-9, a-f,
A-F).
7. Enable Rate Limit for the clients to guarantee the network balance. Enter the value for Download
Limit and Upload Limit. 0 means unlimited.
8. Click Apply to add the new SSID.
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3.1.2 Configure Advanced Wireless Parameters
Proper wireless parameters can improve the network's stability, reliability and communication
efficiency. The advanced wireless parameters consist of Beacon Interval, DTIM Period, RTS
Threshold, Fragmentation Threshold and Airtime Fairness.
To configure the advanced wireless parameters, follow the steps below.
1. Go to Wireless Settings > Advanced Wireless Setting.
2. Select the band frequency
.
3. Configure the following parameters.
Beacon Interval
Beacons are transmitted periodically by the EAP device to announce
the presence of a wireless network for the clients. Beacon Interval value
determines the time interval of the beacons sent by the device.
You can specify a value between 40 and 100ms. The default is 100ms.
DTIM Period
The DTIM (Delivery Traffic Indication Message) is contained in some Beacon
frames. It indicates whether the EAP device has buffered data for client
devices. The DTIM Period indicates how often the clients served by this EAP
device should check for buffered data still on the EAP device awaiting pickup.
You can specify the value between 1-255 Beacon Intervals. The default value
is 1, indicating clients check for buffered data on the EAP device at every
beacon. An excessive DTIM interval may reduce the performance of multicast
applications, so we recommend you keep it by default.
RTS Threshold
RTS (Request to Send) can ensure efficient data transmission. When RTS is
activated, the client will send a RTS packet to EAP to inform that it will send
data before it send packets. After receiving the RTS packet, the EAP notices
other clients in the same wireless network to delay their transmitting of data
and informs the requesting client to send data, thus avoiding the conflict
of packet. If the size of packet is larger than the RTS Threshold, the RTS
mechanism will be activated.
If you specify a low threshold value, RTS packets are sent more frequently
and help the network recover from interference or collisions that might occur
on a busy network. However, it also consumes more bandwidth and reduces
the throughput of the packet. We recommend you keep it by default. The
recommended and default value is 2347.
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Fragmentation
Threshold
The fragmentation function can limit the size of packets transmitted over the
network. If a packet exceeds the Fragmentation Threshold, the fragmentation
function is activated and the packet will be fragmented into several packets.
Fragmentation helps improve network performance if properly configured.
However, too low fragmentation threshold may result in poor wireless
performance caused by the extra work of dividing up and reassembling of
frames and increased message traffic. The recommended and default value is
2346 bytes.
Airtime Fairness
With this option enabled, each client connecting to the EAP can get the same
amount of time to transmit data, avoiding low-data-rate clients to occupy
too much network bandwidth and improving the network throughput. We
recommend you enable this function under multi-rate wireless networks.
4. Click Apply to save the configurations.
3.1.3 Configure Band Steering
A client device that is capable of communicating on both the 2.4GHz and 5GHz frequency bands
will typically connect to the 2.4 GHz band. However, if too many client devices are connected to an
EAP on the 2.4 GHz band, the efficiency of communication will be diminished. Band Steering can
steer clients capable of communication on both bands to the 5GHz frequency band which supports
higher transmission rates and more client devices, and thus to greatly improve the network quality.
To configure Band Steering, follow the steps below.
1. Go to Wireless Settings > Band Steering.
2. Check the box to enable the Band Steering function.
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3. Configure the following parameters to balance the clients on both frequency bands:
Connection
Threshold/Difference
Threshold
When the number of clients on the 5GHz band reaches the value of
Connection Threshold and the difference value between the number
of clients on the 2.4GHz band and the 5GHz band reaches the value of
Difference Threshold, EAPs will refuse the requests of communication
on the 5GHz band from other clients and no longer steer other clients to
the 5GHz band.
The value of Connection Threshold is from 2 to 40, and the default is 20.
The value of Difference Threshold is from 1 to 8, and the default is 4.
Max Failures
If a client repeatedly attempts to associate with the EAP on the 5GHz
band and the number of rejections reaches the value of Max Failures,
the EAP will accept the request.
The value is from 0 to 100, and the default is 10.
4. Click Apply to save the configurations.
3.2 Access Control
Access Control is used to block or allow the clients to access specific subnets. To configure
Access Control rules, follow the steps below.
1. Go to Wireless Control > Access Control.
2. Click
to add a new Access Control rule.
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3. Configure the following parameters.
Rule Name
Specify a name for this rule.
Rule Mode
Select the mode for this rule.
Block: Select this mode to block the rule members to access the network.
Allow: Select this mode to allow the rule members to access the network.
Rule Memebers
Subnets: Clients of the subnet will be controlled by the rule. Enter the subnet
. Up to 16 subnets can be
for this rule in the format X.X.X.X/X and click
added.
Except Subnets: Clients of the subnet will be controlled by the rule. Enter the
.
subnet that does not follow this rule in the format X.X.X.X/X and click
Up to 16 subnets can be added.
The rule will not apply to the subnets that is in both the Subnets list and the
Except Subnets list.
4. Click Apply to save the configurations.
5. Go to Wireless Settings > Basic Wireless Setting and enable Access Control function of a
selected SSID.
3.3 Portal Authentication
Portal authentication enhances the network security by providing authentication service to the
clients that just need temporary access to the wireless network. Such clients have to log into a
web page to establish verification, after which they will access the network as guests. What's more,
you can customize the authentication login page and specify a URL which the newly authenticated
clients will be redirected to.
To configure Portal Authentication, go to Wireless Control > Portal.
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Five different types of authentication methods are available: No Authentication, Simple Password,
Hotspot, External Radius Server, and External Portal Server. Please refer to the following
instructions to configure Portal.
3.3.1 No Authentication
When this option is selected, clients can access the network without any authentication and just
need to accept the term of use.
Configure the following parameters and provide the required information.
Authentication Type
Select No Authentication.
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Authentication
Timeout
The client's authentication will expire after the time period you set and
the client needs to log in the web authentication page again to access the
network.
Options include 1 Hour, 8 Hours, 24 Hours, 7 Days, Custom. Custom allows
you to define the time in days, hours, and minutes. The default value is one
hour.
Redirect
If you enable this function, the portal will redirect the newly authenticated
clients to the configured URL.
Disabled by default.
Redirect URL
If the Redirect function above is enabled, enter the URL that a newly
authenticated client will be redirected to.
Login Page
Customize the login page:
1. Configure the title and terms of the login page in the Portal Title and Term
of Use boxes.
2. Upload a logo image and a background image from your local PC.
3. Preview the login page.
3.3.2 Simple Password
When this option is selected, clients are required to enter the password and accept the term of use.
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Configure the following parameters and provide the required information.
Authentication Type
Select Simple Password.
Password
Specify the password for the authentication.
Authentication
Timeout
The client's authentication will expire after the time period you set and
the client needs to log in the web authentication page again to access the
network.
Options include 1 Hour, 8 Hours, 24 Hours, 7 Days, Custom. Custom allows
you to define the time in days, hours, and minutes. The default value is one
hour.
Redirect
If you enable this function, the portal will redirect the newly authenticated
clients to the configured URL.
Disabled by default.
Redirect URL
If the Redirect function above is enabled, enter the URL that a newly
authenticated client will be redirected to.
Login Page
Customize the login page:
1. Configure the title and terms of the login page in the Portal Title and Term
of Use boxes.
2. Upload a logo image and a background image from your local PC.
3. Preview the login page.
3.3.3 Hotspot
With this feature, you can distribute the vouchers automatically generated by the EAP Controller to
the clients, who can use the vouchers to access the network. In addition, the clients that access the
network by hotspot authentication type can be managed by the hotspot manager.
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Configure the following parameters and provide the required information.
Authentication Type
Select Hotspot.
Hotspot Manager
Click Hotspot Manager to create vouchers and manage the hotspot
authentication.
For detailed instructions, please refer to the content below.
Redirect
Disabled by default. If you enable this function, the portal will redirect the newly
authenticated clients to the configured URL.
Redirect URL
If the Redirect function above is enabled, enter the URL that a newly
authenticated client will be redirected to.
Login Page
Customize the login page:
1. Configure the title and terms of the login page in the Portal Title and Term of
Use boxes.
2. Upload a logo image and a background image from your local PC.
3. Preview the login page.
After you click Hotspot Manager, a new window will open automatically. On the page, you can
create and print Vouchers, manage the guests and create the Operator account to help manage
your network.
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Create and Print Vouchers
Please follow these steps to create and print vouchers.
1. Go to the Voucher page.
2. Click
and the following window will pop up.
3. Configure the parameters as follows:
Amount
Enter the voucher amount to be generated.
Type
Select Single Use or Multi Use.
Single Use means one voucher can only be distributed to one client. Multi Use
means one voucher can be distributed to several clients, who can use the same
voucher to access the network at the same time.
If you select Multi Use, enter the value of Max Users. When the number of clients
who are connected to the network with the same voucher reaches the value, no
more clients can use this voucher to access the network.
Duration
Select the period of validity of the Voucher.
Notes
Enter a description for the Voucher (optional).
The options include 8 hours, 2 days and User-defined. The period of valid of the
voucher is reckoned from the time when it is used for the first time.
4. Click Apply. The Vouchers will be generated and displayed on the page.
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5. Click
or
to print and save the Vouchers.
6. Distribute the Vouchers to clients, and then they can use the Code to pass authentication for
network access.
7. When the Vouchers are invalid, you can click
them.
to delete the Voucher or
to delete all of
Manage the Guests
Guest page allows you to view the information of clients that have passed the portal authentication
and manage the clients.
You can select an icon to execute the corresponding operation:
Restrict the client to access the network.
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Extend the effective time.
Create Operator Account
Operator account can be used to remotely manage the hotspot. Other users can visit the URL
https://EAP Controller Host's IP Address:8043/hotspot (For example: https://192.168.0.64:8043/
hotspot) and use the Operator account to enter the Hotspot administrative system.
Note
The users who enter the hotspot administrative system by Operator account can only generate vouchers and
manage the clients.
Follow the steps below to create Operator account.
1. Go to the Operator page.
2. Click
and the following window will pop up.
3. Specify the Name, Password and Notes of the Operator account.
4. Choose Site Privileges (You can choose more than one options) for the Operator account.
5. Click Apply to create an Operator account. Then other users can use this account to enter the
hotspot administrative system.
3.3.4 External Radius Server
If you have a Radius Server, select External Radius Server. You can get two types of portal
customization: Local Web Portal and External Web Portal. The authentication login page of Local
Web Portal is provided by the built-in portal server of the EAP. The External Web Portal is provided
by external portal server.
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Configure the parameters and provide the required information as follows:
Authentication Type
Select External Radius Server.
Radius Server IP
Enter the IP address of Radius Server.
Port
Enter the port the Radius Server used.
Radius Password
Enter the password you have set on the Radius Server. Clients will be required to
enter the password when they attempt to access the network.
Authentication
Timeout
The client's authentication will expire after the time period you set and the client
needs to log in the web authentication page again to access the network.
Redirect
Disabled by default. If you enable this function, the portal will redirect the newly
authenticated clients to the configured URL.
Redirect URL
If the Redirect function above is enabled, enter the URL that a newly
authenticated client will be redirected to.
Options include: 1 Hour, 8 Hours, 24 Hours, 7 Days, Custom. Custom allows you
to define the time in days, hours, and minutes. The default is one hour.
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Portal Customzation
Select Local Web Portal or External Web Portal.
Local Web Portal: If this option is selected, configure the Login Page.
External Web Portal: If this option is selected, follow the steps below.
1. Configure the external radius server.
2. Enter the authentication login page's URL provided by the external portal
server on the page.
3. Put the external web portal server to a whitelist of Free Authentication Policy,
otherwise clients cannot access it before authenticated.
Login Page
If you select Local Web Portal, customize the login page:
1. Configure the title and terms of the login page in the Portal Title and Term of
Use boxes.
2. Upload a logo image and a background image from your local PC.
3. Preview the login page.
3.3.5 External Portal Server
The option of External Portal Server is designed for the developers. They can customized their
own authentication type according to the interface provided by EAP Controller, e.g. message
authentication and WeChat authentication etc.
Authentication
Type
Select External Portal Server.
Radius Server IP
Enter the complete authentication URL that redirect to an external portal server,
for example:
http://192.168.0.147:8880/portal/index.php or http://192.168.0.147/portal/index.
html
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3.4 Free Authentication Policy
Free Authentication Policy allows some specified clients to access the network resources without
authentication. Follow the steps below to add free authentication policy.
1. Go to Wireless Control > Free Authentication Policy.
2. Click
and the following window will pop up.
3. Configure the following parameters. When all conditions are met, the client can access the
network without authentication.
Policy Name
Specify a name for the policy.
Source IP Range
Set the Source IP Range with the subnet and mask length of the clients.
Destination IP Range
Set the Destination IP Range with the subnet and mask length of the server.
Source MAC
Set the MAC address of cilent.
Destination Port
Enter the port the service uses.
Status
Check the box to enable the policy.
4. Click Apply and the policy is successfully added.
3.5 MAC Filter
MAC filter can be used to allow or block the listed clients to access the network. Thereby it can
effectively control client's access to the wireless network.
Follow the steps below to configure MAC Filter.
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1. Go to Wireless Control > MAC Filter to add MAC Filter group and group members.
1 ) Click
and specify a name for the group.
2 ) Click Apply and the group will be successfully added as shown below.
3 ) Click
and enter a MAC address in the format as shown below.
4 ) Click Apply to add the MAC address into the MAC filter group.
2. You can add more groups or members according to your need.
46
3. Go to Wireless Control > MAC Filter Association to associate the added MAC Filter group with
SSID.
1 ) Check the box and click Apply to enable MAC Filtering function.
2 ) Select a band frequency (2.4GHz or 5GHz) and a WLAN group.
3 ) In the MAC Filter Name column of the specified SSID, select a MAC Filter group in the drop-
down list. Then select Allow/Deny in the Action column to allow/deny the clients in the MAC
Filter group to access the network.
4 ) Click Apply in the Setting column to save the configurations.
3.6 Scheduler
With the Scheduler, the EAPs or its’ wireless network can automatically turn on or off at the time you
set. For example, you can use this feature to schedule the radio to operate only during the office
working time in order to achieve security goals and reduce power consumption. You can also use
the Scheduler to make clients can only access the wireless network during the time period you set
in the day.
Follow the steps below to configure Scheduler.
1. Go to Wireless Control > Scheduler.
1 ) Click
and specify a name for the profile.
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2 ) Click Apply and the profile will be added.
3 ) Click
and configure the parameters to specify a period of time.
4 ) Click Apply and the profile is successfully added in the list.
2. Go to Wireless Control > Scheduler Association.
1 ) Check the box to enable Scheduler function.
2 ) Select Associated with SSID (the profile will be applied to the specific SSID on all the EAPs)
or Associated with AP (the profile will be applied to all SSIDs on the specific EAP). Then click
Apply.
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3 ) Select a band frequency (2.GHz or 5GHz) and a WLAN group.
4 ) In the Profile Name column of the specified SSID or AP, select a profile you added before in
the drop-down list. Select Radio Off/Radio On to turn on or off the wireless network during
the time interval set for the profile.
5 ) Click Apply in the Setting column to save the configurations.
3.7 QoS
The EAP Controller software allows you to configure the quality of service (QoS) on the EAP device
for optimal throughput and performance when handling differentiated wireless traffic, such as
Voice-over-IP (VoIP), other types of audio, video, streaming media, and traditional IP data.
To configure QoS on the EAP device, you should set parameters on the transmission queues for
different types of wireless traffic and specify minimum and maximum wait times (through contention
windows) for transmission. In normal use, we recommend you keep the default values for the EAP
devices and station EDCA (Enhanced Distributed Channel Access).
Follow the steps below to configure QoS.
1. Go to Wireless Control > QoS.
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2. Enable or disable the following features.
Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM)
By default enabled. With WMM enabled, the EAP devices have the QoS
function to guarantee the high priority of the transmission of audio and
video packets.
If 802.11n only mode is selected in 2.4GHz (or 802.11n only, 802.11ac
only, or 802.11 n/ac mixed mode in 5GHz), the WMM should be enabled. If
WMM is disabled, the 802.11n only mode cannot be selected in 2.4GHz (or
802.11n only, 802.11ac only, or 802.11 n/ac mixed mode in 5GHz).
NoAcknowledgement
By default disabled. You can enable this function to specify that
the EAP devices should not acknowledge frames with QosNoAck.
NoAcknowledgement is recommended if VoIP phones access the network
through the EAP device.
Unscheduled Automatic
Power Save Delivery
By default enabled. As a power management method, it can greatly
improve the energy-saving capacity of clients.
3. Click AP EDCA Parameters and the following page will appear. AP EDCA parameters affect
traffic flowing from the EAP device to the client station. We recommend you use the defaults.
Queue
Queue displays the transmission queue. By default, the priority from high
to low is Data 0, Data 1, Data 2, and Data 3. The priority may be changed if
you reset the EDCA parameters.
Data 0 (Voice)—Highest priority queue, minimum delay. Time-sensitive
data such as VoIP and streaming media are automatically sent to this
queue.
Data 1 (Video)—High priority queue, minimum delay. Time-sensitive video
data is automatically sent to this queue.
Data 2 (Best Effort)—Medium priority queue, medium throughput and
delay. Most traditional IP data is sent to this queue.
Data 3 (Background)—Lowest priority queue, high throughput. Bulk data
that requires maximum throughput and is not time-sensitive is sent to this
queue (FTP data, for example).
Arbitration InterFrame Space
A wait time for data frames. The wait time is measured in slots. Valid values
for Arbitration Inter-Frame Space are from 0 to 15.
Minimum Contention
Window
A list to the algorithm that determines the initial random backoff wait time
(window) for retry of a transmission.
This value can not be higher than the value for the Maximum Contention
Window.
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Maximum Contention
Window
The upper limit (in milliseconds) for the doubling of the random backoff
value. This doubling continues until either the data frame is sent or the
Maximum Contention Window size is reached.
This value must be higher than the value for the Minimum Contention
Window.
Maximum Burst
Maximum Burst specifies the maximum burst length allowed for packet
bursts on the wireless network. A packet burst is a collection of multiple
frames transmitted without header information. The decreased overhead
results in higher throughput and better performance.
4. Click Station EDCA Parameters and the following page will appear. Station EDCA parameters
affect traffic flowing from the client station to the EAP device. We recommend you use the
defaults.
Queue
Queue displays the transmission queue. By default, the priority from high
to low is Data 0, Data 1, Data 2, and Data 3. The priority may be changed if
you reset the EDCA parameters.
Data 0 (Voice)—Highest priority queue, minimum delay. Time-sensitive
data such as VoIP and streaming media are automatically sent to this
queue.
Data 1 (Video)—High priority queue, minimum delay. Time-sensitive video
data is automatically sent to this queue.
Data 2 (Best Effort)—Medium priority queue, medium throughput and
delay. Most traditional IP data is sent to this queue.
Data 3 (Background)—Lowest priority queue, high throughput. Bulk data
that requires maximum throughput and is not time-sensitive is sent to this
queue (FTP data, for example).
Arbitration InterFrame Space
A wait time for data frames. The wait time is measured in slots. Valid values
for Arbitration Inter-Frame Space are from 0 to 15.
Minimum Contention
Window
A list to the algorithm that determines the initial random backoff wait time
(window) for retry of a transmission. This value can not be higher than the
value for the Maximum Contention Window.
Maximum Contention
Window
The upper limit (in milliseconds) for the doubling of the random backoff
value. This doubling continues until either the data frame is sent or the
Maximum Contention Window size is reached.
This value must be higher than the value for the Minimum Contention
Window.
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TXOP Limit
The TXOP Limit is a station EDCA parameter and only applies to traffic
flowing from the client station to the EAP device. The Transmission
Opportunity (TXOP) is an interval of time, in milliseconds, when a WME
client station has the right to initiate transmissions onto the wireless
medium (WM) towards the EAP device. The valid values are multiples of 32
between 0 and 8192.
5. Click Apply to save the configurations.
3.8 System
3.8.1 Reboot Schedule
You can reboot all the EAPs in the network periodically as needed. Follow the steps below to
configure Reboot Schedule.
1. Go to System > Reboot Schedule.
2. Check the box to enable the function.
3. Choose Daily, Weekly or Monthly in the Timing Mode drop-down list and set a specific time to
reboot the EAPs.
4. Click Apply to save the configurations.
3.8.2 Log Setting
Follow the steps below to choose the way to receive system logs.
1. Go to System > Log Setting.
2. Check the box to choose the way to receive system logs (you can choose more than one) and
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click Apply to save the configurations. Three ways are available: Auto Mail Feature, Server and
Nvram.
Auto Mail Feature
If Auto Mail Feature is enabled, system logs will be sent to a specified mailbox. Check the box to
enable the feature and configure the parameters.
From Address
Enter the sender's E-mail address.
To Address
Enter the receiver's E-mail address.
SMTP Server
Enter the IP address of the SMTP server.
Enable
Authentication
You can check the box to enable mail server authentication. Enter the sender's
mail account name and password.
Time Mode
Select Time Mode. System logs can be sent at specific time or time interval.
Fixation Time
If you select Fixation Time, specify a fixed time to send the system log mails. For
example, 08:30 indicates that the mail will be sent at 8:30 am everyday.
Period Time
If you select Period Time, specify a period time to regularly send the system log
mail. For example, 6 indicates that the mail will be sent every six hours.
Server
If Server is enabled, system logs will be sent to a server. You can enable the feature and enter its IP
address and port.
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Nvram
Nvram (Non-volatile Random Access Memory) is a RAM that can still save data even if a device is
power off. All TP-Link EAPs are equipped with Nvram. With this option enabled, the Nvram feature
can help reserve the system logs when an EAP device is power off.
3.8.3 Device Account
When the EAP devices are adopted at the first time, their username and password will become the
same as those of the EAP Controller which are specified at Basic Configurations. You can specify a
new username and password for the adopted EAPs in batches.
Follow the steps below to change EAP devices' username and password.
1. Go to System > Device Account.
2. Specify a new username and password for the EAP devices.
3. Click Apply to save the configurations.
Note
:
The new account will be applied to EAP devices but not the EAP Controller. To change the EAP Controller's username and password, please refer to User Account.
3.8.4 LED
Follow the steps below to turn on or off the LED lights of the EAPs.
1. Go to System > LED.
2. By default, the LED lights are on. You can check the box to change the light status.
3. Click Apply to save the configurations.
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3.8.5 SSH
You can login to the EAP Controller via SSH. Deploy an SSH server on your network and follow the
steps below to configure SSH on the EAP Controller:
1. Go to System > SSH.
2. Enter the port number of the SSH server.
3. Check the box to enable SSH Login.
4. Click Apply.
3.8.6 Management VLAN
Management VLAN provides a safer way for you to manage the EAP. With Management VLAN
enabled, only the hosts in the management VLAN can manage the EAP. Since most hosts cannot
process VLAN TAGs, connect the management host to the network via a switch, and set up correct
VLAN settings for the switches on the network to ensure the communication between the host and
the EAP in the management VLAN.
Follow the steps below to configure Management VLAN.
1. Go to System > Management VLAN.
2. Check the box to enable Management VLAN.
3. Specify the Management VLAN ID.
4. Click Apply.
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3.8.7 Backup&Restore
You can save the current configuration of the EAPs as a backup file and if necessary, and restore
the configuration using the backup file. We recommend you back up the settings before upgrading
the device.
Follow the steps below to backup and restore the configuration.
1. Go to System > Backup&Restore.
2. Click Backup and save the backup file.
3. If necessary, click Browse to locate and choose the backup file. Then click Restore to restore
the configuration.
3.8.8 Batch Upgrade
Follow the steps below to upgrade the EAP devices in batches according to their model.
1. Visit http://www.tp-link.com/en/support/download/ to download the latest firmware file of the
corresponding model.
2. Go to System > Batch Upgrade.
3. Select the EAP model.
4. Click Browse to locate and choose the proper firmware file for the model.
5. Click Upgrade to upgrade the device.
6. After upgrading, the device will reboot automatically.
Note
:
To avoid damage, please do not turn off the device while upgrading.
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4 Configure the EAPs Separately
In addition to global configuration, you can configure the EAPs separately and the configuration
results will be applied to a specified EAP device.
To configure a specified EAP, please click the EAP's name on the Access Points tab or click
of
connected EAP on the map. Then you can view the EAP's detailed information and configure the
EAP on the pop-up window.
This chapter includes the following contents:
·View the Information of the EAP
·View Clients Connecting to the EAP
·Configure the EAP
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4.1 View the Information of the EAP
4.1.1 Overview
Click Overview to view the basic information including EAP's MAC address (or name you set), IP
address, model, firmware version, the usage rate of CPU and Memory and uptime (indicates how
long the EAP has been running without interruption).
4.1.2 LAN
Click LAN to view the traffic information of the LAN port, including the total number of packets, the
total size of data, the total number of packets loss, and the total size of error data in the process of
receiving and transmitting data.
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4.1.3 Radio
Click Radio to view the radio information including the frequency band, the wireless mode, the
channel width, the channel, and the transmitting power. At 2.4GHz, you can also view parameters of
receiving/transmitting data.
4.2 View Clients Connecting to the EAP
4.2.1 User
The User page displays the information of clients connecting to the SSID with Portal disabled,
including their MAC addresses and connected SSIDs. You can click the client's MAC address to get
its connection history.
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4.2.2 Guest
The Guest page displays the information of clients connecting to the SSID with Portal enabled,
including their MAC addresses and connected SSIDs. You can click the client's MAC address to get
its connection history.
4.3 Configure the EAP
The Configuration page allows you to configure the EAP. All the configurations will only take effect
on this device.
4.3.1 Basic Config
Here you can change the name of the EAP.
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4.3.2 IP Setting
You can configure an IP address for this EAP. Two options are provided: DHCP and Static.
Get a Dynamic IP Address From the DHCP Server
1. Configure your DHCP server.
2. Select DHCP on the page above.
3. Enable the Fallback IP feature. When the device cannot get a dynamic IP address, the fallback IP
address will be used.
4. Set IP address, IP mask and gateway for the fallback address and click Apply.
Manually Set a Static IP Address for the EAP
1. Select Static.
2. Set the IP address, IP mask and gateway for the static address and click Apply.
4.3.3 Radio
Radio settings directly control the behavior of the radio in the EAP device and its interaction with
the physical medium; that is, how and what type of signal the EAP device emits.
Select the frequency band (2.4GHz/5GHz) and configure the following parameters.
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Status
Enabled by default. If you disable the option, the radio on the frequency band
will turn off.
Mode
Select the IEEE 802.11 mode the radio uses.
When the frequency of 2.4GHz is selected, 802.11b/g/n mixed, 802.11b/g
mixed, and 802.11n only modes are available:
802.11b/g/n mixed: All of 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n clients operating
in the 2.4GHz frequency can connect to the EAP device. We recommend you
select the 802.11b/g/n mixed mode.
802.11b/g mixed: Both 802.11b and 802.11g clients can connect to the EAP
device.
802.11n only: Only 802.11n clients can connect to the EAP device.
When the frequency of 5GHz is selected, 802.11 n/ac mixed, 802.11a/n mixed,
802.11 ac onl7, 802.11a only, and 802.11n only modes are available:
802.11n/ac mixed: Both 802.11n clients and 802.11ac clients operating in the
5GHz frequency can connect to the EAP device.
802.11a/n mixed: Both 802.11a clients and 802.11n clients operating in the
5GHz frequency can connect to the EAP device.
802.11ac only: Only 802.11ac clients can connect to the EAP device.
802.11a only: Only 802.11a clients can connect to the EAP device.
802.11n only: Only 802.11n clients can connect to the EAP device.
Channel Width
Select the channel width of the EAP device.
For EAP 110/120/220, the options includes 20MHz, 40MHz and 20/40MHz.
For EAP 320/330, the options includes 20MHz, 40MHz, 80MHz and
20/40/80MHz.
The 20/40 MHz and 20/40/80MHz channels enable higher data rates but leave
fewer channels available for use by other 2.4GHz and 5GHz devices. When the
radio mode includes 802.11n, we recommend you set the channel bandwidth
to 20/40 MHz or 20/40/80MHz to improve the transmission speed.
Channel
Select the channel used by the EAP device to improve wireless performance.
The range of available channels is determined by the radio mode and the
country setting. If you select Auto for the channel setting, the EAP device
scans available channels and selects a channel where the least amount of
traffic is detected.
Tx Power
Select the TX Power (transmit power) in the 4 options: Low, Medium, High and
Custom. Low, Medium and High are based on the Max TxPower (maximum
transmit power. It may vary among different countries and regions).
Low: Max TxPower * 20% (round off the value)
Medium: Max TxPower * 60% (round off the value)
High: Max TxPower
Custom: Enter a value manually.
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4.3.4 Load Balance
By setting the maximum number of clients accessing the EAPs, Load Balance helps to achieve
rational use of network resources.
Select the frequency band (2.4GHz/5GHz) and configure the parameters.
Max Associated
Clients
Enable this function and specify the maximum number of connected clients. While
more clients requesting to connect, the EAP will disconnect those with weaker
signals.
RSSI Threshold
Enable this function and enter the threshold of RSSI (Received Signal Strength
Indication). When the clients' signal is weaker than the RSSI Threshold you've set,
the clients will be disconnected from the EAP.
4.3.5 WLANs
You can specify a different SSID name and password to override the previous SSID. After that,
clients can only see the new SSID and use the new password to access the network. Follow the
steps below to override the SSID.
1. Select the frequency band and WLAN group.
2. Click
and the following window will pop up.
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3. Check the box to enable the feature.
4. You can join the overridden SSID in to a VLAN. Check the Use VLAN ID box and specify a VLAN
ID.
5. Specify a new name and password for the SSID.
6. Click Apply to save the configuration.
4.3.6 Trunk Settings
Only EAP330 supports this function.
The trunk function can bundles multiple Ethernet links into a logical link to increase bandwidth and
improve network reliability.
Status
Enable this function.
Mode
Select the applied mode of Trunk Arithmetic.
The EAP330 has two 1000Mbps Ethernet ports. If the Trunk function is enabled
and the ports are in the speed of 1000Mbps Full Duplex, the whole bandwidth of
the trunk link is up to 4Gbps (2000Mbps * 2).
• SRC MAC + DST MAC: When this option is selected, the arithmetic will be based
on the source and destination MAC addresses of the packets.
• DST MAC: When this option is selected, the arithmetic will be based on the
destination MAC addresses of the packets.
• SRC MAC: When this option is selected, the arithmetic will be based on the
source MAC addresses of the packets.
4.3.7 Rouge AP Detection
With this option enabled, the EAP device will detect rouge APs in all channels.
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4.3.8 Forget this AP
If you no longer want to manage this EAP, you may remove it. All the configurations and history
about this EAP will be deleted. It is recommended to back up the configurations of this EAP before
you forget it.
4.3.9 Local LAN Port VLAN Settings
Only EAP115-Wall supports this function.
This feature is used to add the EAP to a specific VLAN. With this feature enabled, the hosts
connected to this EAP can only communicate with the devices in the same VLAN.
Status
Enable this function.
Mode
Specify the VLAN that the EAP is added to. The valid values are from 1 to 4094,
and the default is 1.
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5 Manage the EAP Controller
This chapter mainly introduces how to manage the user account and configure system settings.
This chapter includes the following contents.
·Information About the Software
·User Account
·Controller Settings
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5.1 Information About the Software
You can view the EAP Controller's version and copyright information on the About page.
5.2 User Account
You can use different user account to log in to the EAP Controller. User has three roles:
administrator, operator and observer. The administration authority varies among different roles.
Administrator
The first administrator account is created in the Basic Configuration process
and this account can not be deleted. An administrator can change the settings
of the EAP network and create and delete user accounts.
Operator
An operator account can be created or deleted by the administrator. The
operator can change the settings of the EAP network.
Observer
An observer account can be created or deleted by the administrator. The
observer can only view the status and settings of the EAP network but not
change the settings.
Follow the steps below to add user account.
1. Go to Admin > User Settings.
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2. Click
and the following window will pop up.
3. Specify the username, Email and password of the account.
4. Select the role from the drop-down list.
·If you select operator or observer, you also need to select the Site Privileges.
·If you select administrator, the Site Privileges option will not appear and all sites are available for
the administrator user.
5. Click Apply to add the user account.
Note
You can refer to the Role page to view the user role's type, description information, permission scope and created time.
5.3 Controller Settings
You can configure the EAP Controller's hostname and IP address. In addition, we recommend you
configure the Mail server to reset your login password when you forget it.
5.3.1 Configure Controller Hostname/IP
Follow the steps below to configure the hostname or IP address of the EAP Controller.
1. Go to Admin > Controller Settings and click EAP Controller.
2. Enter the hostname or IP address of the EAP Controller.
3. Click Apply to save the configuration.
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5.3.2 Configure Mail Server
With the Mail Server, you can reset the password of the user account and receive notifications from
the EAP Controller. It is different from the SMTP Server, which is just for the syslog emails sending.
Follow the steps below to configure mail server.
1. Go to Admin > Controller Settings.
2. Click Mail Server, check the box to enable SMTP Server, and then the following screen will
appear.
3. Configure the following parameters.
Mail Server
Enter the IP address or domain of SMTP Server.
Port
The default is 25.
Enable Auth
Select this option to enable authentication.
Username/Password
If you enable authentication, enter the username and password required by
the mail server.
Specify Sender
Address
Specify the sender's mail address. Enter the email address that will appear
as the sender of the warning email.
You can enable SSL (Security Socket Layer) to enhance secure
communications over the Internet. If SSL is enabled, the port number will
automatically change to 465.
4. Click Apply to save the configuration.
Note
Specify the account email address based on the Mail server to receive the notifications.
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6 Application Example
A restaurant has a wireless network with three EAPs managed by the EAP Controller. The network
administrator wants to :
·Monitor the EAPs with the Map.
·Enable Portal function to drive customers' attention to the ads of the supermarket when
customers attempt to access the network. The costumers need to use a simple password to
pass the authentication.
·Allow the employees of the restaurant to access the network resources without portal
authentication.
·Schedule the radio to operate only during the working time (8:00 am to 22:00 pm) in order to
reduce power consumption.
Follow the steps below to achieve the requirements above.
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6.1 Basic Configuration
Follow the steps below to do the basic configuration.
1. Connect the hardware by referring to the following topology.
Host A (Controller Host)
IP: 192.168.0.100
Switch
Router (DHCP Server)
LAN IP:192.168.0.1
Internet
EAP Controller
EAPs
2. Install the EAP Controller on Host A.
3. Launch the software and follow the instructions to complete some initial configurations.
4. Log into the management interface.
5. Adopt the pending EAP devices.
6.2 Advanced Settings
After the basic configuration, refer to the following content to meet the network administrator's
requirements.
6.2.1 Monitor the EAPs with Map
Follow the steps below to create a map and monitor the EAPs with the map.
1. Go to the Map.
2. Import a local map and set the map scale.
3. Drag the EAPs to the appropriate locations on the map.
4. Click Coverage and you can see the representation of the EAPs’ wireless coverage.
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6.2.2 Configure Portal Authentication
Follow the steps below to configure Portal function.
1. Open the global configuration window and go to Portal.
Configure the parameters.
1 ) Specify a simple password for the guests.
2 ) Select the Authentication Timeout. For example, 1 Hour is suitable for the customers at the
restaurant.
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3 ) Enable the Redirect to drive the costumers to the restaurant's homepage after successful
login. We can put some promotion information on the page.
4 ) Configure the Login Page.
2. Click Apply to save the configuration.
3. Click Preview Login Page and you can preview the login page for the customers.
4. Go to Basic Wireless Settings and edit the SSID we created in the basic configuration.
5. Edit the parameters as follows.
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1 ) To make it easier for customers to connect, change the Security Mode from WPA-PSK to
None. Customers can connect to the EAPs without password and be redirected to the Portal
Authentication where the correct password will be required.
2 ) Enable Portal.
6. Click Apply to save the configuration.
6.2.3 Create a SSID for the Employees
We have created a SSID in the basic configuration for the customers. Here we need to create
another SSID for the employees to allow them to access the network without portal authentication.
In addition, the new SSID should be invisible for the customers.
Follow the steps below to create a SSID for the employees.
1. Open the global configuration window and go to Basic Wireless Settings.
2. Click Add to add a new SSID.
Configure the parameters.
1 ) Disable the SSID Broadcast to hide this SSID from the customers.
2 ) Specify the SSID Name, Security Mode and Wireless Password. Let the employees manually
enter the SSID name and password, and choose the security mode you set to access the
network.
3 ) Keep the Portal disabled for this SSID.
4 ) Click Apply to save the configuration.
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6.2.4 Configure Scheduler
Follow the steps below to schedule the radio to operate only during the working time (from 8:00 to
22:00).
1. Open the global configuration window and go to Scheduler.
1 ) Add a profile.
2 ) Add an item for the profile. The parameters are set as shown on the following screen.
2. Go to Scheduler Association tab.
1 ) Enable the function and select Associated with SSID. Click Apply.
2 ) In the Profile Name column of both SSIDs, select the profile we just created.
3 ) In the Action column of both SSIDs, select Radio On.
4 ) Click Apply in the Setting column of both SSIDs.
5 ) Select 5GHz and do the same configurations as above.
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