Vulcan
Operator Manual
ENGLISH
bandg.com
www.busse-yachtshop.de | info@busse-yachtshop.de
www.busse-yachtshop.de | info@busse-yachtshop.de
Preface
Disclaimer
As Navico is continuously improving this product, we retain the
right to make changes to the product at any time which may not be
reflected in this version of the manual. Please contact your nearest
distributor if you require any further assistance.
It is the owner’s sole responsibility to install and use the equipment
in a manner that will not cause accidents, personal injury or
property damage. The user of this product is solely responsible for
observing safe boating practices.
NAVICO HOLDING AS AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES, BRANCHES AND
AFFILIATES DISCLAIM ALL LIABILITY FOR ANY USE OF THIS PRODUCT
IN A WAY THAT MAY CAUSE ACCIDENTS, DAMAGE OR THAT MAY
VIOLATE THE LAW.
Governing Language: This statement, any instruction manuals, user
guides and other information relating to the product
(Documentation) may be translated to, or has been translated from,
another language (Translation). In the event of any conflict between
any Translation of the Documentation, the English language version
of the Documentation will be the official version of the
Documentation.
This manual represents the product as at the time of printing.
Navico Holding AS and its subsidiaries, branches and affiliates
reserve the right to make changes to specifications without notice.
Trademarks
Lowrance® and Navico® are registered trademarks of Navico.
Fishing Hot Spots® is a registered trademark of Fishing Hot Spots Inc.
Copyright© 2012 Fishing Hot Spots.
Navionics® is a registered trademark of Navionics, Inc.
NMEA 2000® is a registered trademark of the National Marine
Electronics Association.
SiriusXM® is a registered trademark of Sirius XM Radio Inc.
FUSION-Link™ Marine Entertainment Standard™ is a registered
trademark of FUSION Electronics Ltd.
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The terms HDMI and HDMI High-Definition Multimedia Interface,
and the HDMI Logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of
HDMI Licensing LLC in the United States and other countries.
SD™ and microSD™ are trademarks or registered trademarks of
SD-3C, LLC in the United States, other countries or both.
Wi-Fi® is a registered trademark of the Wi-Fi Alliance®.
Additional mapping data: Copyright© 2012 NSI, Inc.: Copyright©
2012 by Richardson’s Maptech.
Navico product references
This manual can refer to the following Navico products:
• Broadband Sounder™ (Broadband Sounder)
• DownScan Imaging™ (DownScan)
• DownScan Overlay™ (Overlay)
• GoFree™ (GoFree)
• SonicHub® (SonicHub)
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Navico Holding AS.
Warranty
The warranty card is supplied as a separate document.
In case of any queries, refer to the brand website of your display or
system: bandg.com.
Regulatory statements
This equipment is intended for use in international waters as well as
coastal sea areas administered by countries of the E.U. and E.E.A.
The Vulcan complies with:
• CE under R&TTE directive 1999/5/EC
• The requirements of level 2 devices of the
Radiocommunications (Electromagnetic Compatibility)
standard 2008
The relevant Declaration of conformity is available in the Vulcan
section on the following website: bandg.com.
4
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About this manual
This manual is a reference guide for operating the Vulcan. It
assumes that all equipment is installed and configured, and that the
system is ready to use.
The manual assumes that the user has basic knowledge of
navigation, nautical terminology and practices.
Important text that requires special attention from the reader is
emphasized as follows:
Ú
Note: Used to draw the reader’s attention to a comment or
some important information.
Warning: Used when it is necessary to warn
personnel that they should proceed carefully to
prevent risk of injury and/or damage to equipment/
personnel.
Manual version
This manual is written for the Vulcan software version 1.0. The
manual is continuously updated to match new software releases.
The latest available manual version can be downloaded from
bandg.com.
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Viewing the manual on the screen
The pdf viewer included in the Vulcan makes it possible to read the
manuals and other pdf files on the screen. Manuals can be
downloaded from bandg.com.
The manuals can be read from a card inserted in the card reader or
copied to the unit’s internal memory.
Use the menu options and on-screen buttons to maneuver in the
pdf file as described below:
• Search, Goto page, Page Up and Down
Select the relevant panel button.
• Scroll pages
Drag finger on the screen in any direction.
• Panning on the page
Drag finger on the screen in any direction.
• Zoom In/Out
Select the relevant panel button.
Touch operation: Use pinch or spread gestures.
• Exit the pdf viewer
Select the X in the upper right corner of the panel.
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The Software version
The software version currently on this unit can be found in the
About dialog. The About dialog is available in the System Settings.
For information regarding upgrading your software, refer to "Software
upgrades" on page 114.
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Preface | Vulcan Operator Manual
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Contents
13 Introduction
13
14
16
17
17
The Home page
Application pages
Integration of 3rd party devices
GoFree wireless
Remote controllers
18 Basic operation
18
18
19
19
20
20
21
22
23
System Controls dialog
Turning the system on and off
Display illumination
Locking the touchscreen
Using menus and dialogs
Selecting pages and panels
Using the cursor on the panel
Creating a Man Overboard waypoint
Screen capture
24 Customizing your system
24
24
25
26
26
Customizing the Home page wallpaper
Adjusting panel size
Adding new favorite pages
Edit favorite pages
Setting the appearance of the Instrument bar
27 Charts
27
28
28
29
29
29
30
30
31
31
31
32
The Chart panel
Chart data
Showing dual chart types
Vessel symbol
Chart scale
Panning the chart
Positioning the vessel on the chart panel
Displaying information about chart items
Using the cursor on the chart panel
Creating routes
Find objects on chart panels
3D charts
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33
33
34
35
36
39
40
Insight specific chart options
Insight view options
Navionics specific chart options
Navionics chart settings
Navionics view options
Jeppesen tides and currents
Chart settings
44 Waypoints, Routes, and Tracks
44
46
50
52
Waypoints
Routes
Tracks
Waypoints, Routes, and Tracks dialogs
53 Navigating
53
53
54
55
Navigate to cursor position
Navigate a route
Navigating with the autopilot
Navigation settings
57 The Sail Steer panel
58
58
Selecting data fields for the Sail Steer panel
Sail Time calculations
59 Time and Wind plots
59
60
The Time plot panel
Wind Plot panel
61 Autopilot
61
61
61
62
63
64
65
65
65
66
10
Safe operation with the autopilot
Activating the autopilot
Switching from automatic mode to manual steering
Autopilot indication on the pages
The Autopilot panel
Mode overview
Standby mode
Non-Follow Up (NFU, Power steering)
Follow-up steering (FU)
AUTO mode (auto compass)
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68
69
71
72
75
75
76
NoDrift mode
NAV mode
WIND mode
WIND Nav mode
Turn pattern steering
Using the Vulcan in an AP24/AP28 system
Using the autopilot in an EVC system
Autopilot settings
79
Echosounder
79
80
81
81
83
85
The Echosounder image
Using the cursor on the Echosounder panel
Viewing Echosounder history
Setting up the Echosounder image
Recording log data
Echosounder settings
87 DownScan
87
88
88
88
89
The DownScan image
Zooming the DownScan image
Using the cursor on the DownScan panel
Viewing DownScan history
Setting up the DownScan image
91 AIS
91
92
93
93
95
96
AIS target symbols
Viewing information about AIS targets
Calling an AIS vessel
AIS SART
Vessel alarms
Vessel settings
99
Instrument panels
99
99
Dashboards
Customizing the Instruments panel
101 Audio
101 Enabling audio
101 The Audio panel
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104
104
105
105
Setting up the audio system
Operating the audio system
Favorite channels
Sirius radio (North America only)
106 Alarms
106
106
106
106
107
107
Alarm system
Type of messages
Single alarms
Multiple alarms
Acknowledging a message
Alarms dialog
109 Tools
109
109
109
109
110
110
110
110
110
Waypoints/routes/tracks
Tides
Alarms
Settings
Vessels
Sun, Moon
Trip calculator
Files
Find
111 Simulator
111 Demo mode
111 Simulator source files
112 Advanced simulator settings
114 Maintenance
114
114
114
114
114
115
Preventive maintenance
Cleaning the display unit
Cleaning the media port door
Checking the connectors
Software upgrades
Backing up your system data
117 Touchscreen operation
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1
Introduction
The Home page
The Home page is accessed from any operation by selecting the
Home button in the upper left corner of a panel.
1
Tools
Select a button to access dialogs used for carrying out a task,
or for browsing stored information.
2
Applications
Select a button to display the application as a full page
panel. Press and hold a button to display pre-configured
split page options for the application.
3
Close button
Select to exit the Home page and return to the previous
active page.
4
Favorites
Select a button to display the panel combination.
Press and hold a favorite button to enter edit mode for the
Favorites panel.
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5
Man Over Board (MOB) button
Select to save a Man Over Board (MOB) waypoint at the
current vessel position.
Application pages
Each application connected to the system is presented on panels.
The application can be presented as a full page, or in combination
with other panels in a multiple panel page.
All application pages are accessed from the Home page.
14
1
Application panel
2
Instrument bar
Navigation and sensor information. The bar can be turned
off and it can be configured by the user.
3
System controls dialog
Quick access to basic system settings.
Display the dialog by a short press on the Power key or by
swiping down from top of the screen.
4
Status bar
5
Dialog
Information to or input from the user.
6
Alarm message
Displayed if dangerous situations or system faults occur.
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Menu
Panel specific menu.
Split pages
You can have up to 4 panels on each page.
2 panels page
3 panels page
4 panels page
Panel sizes in a split page can be adjusted from the System
Controls dialog.
Pre-configured split pages
Each full screen application has several pre-configured split pages,
featuring the selected application combined with each of the other
panels.
Ú
Note: The number of pre-configured split pages cannot be
changed, and the pages cannot be customized or deleted.
Access a pre-configured split page by pressing and holding the
main panel button.
Favorite pages
All preconfigured favorite pages can be modified and deleted, and
you can create your own. You can have a total of 12 favorite pages.
For more information, refer to "Adding new favorite pages" on page 25.
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Integration of 3rd party devices
Several 3rd party devices can be connected to the Vulcan. The
applications are displayed on separate panels or integrated with
other panels.
A device connected to the NMEA 2000 network should
automatically be identified by the system. If not, enable the feature
from the advanced option in the System settings dialog.
The 3rd party device is operated by using menus and dialogs as on
other panels.
This manual does not include specific operation instructions for any
3rd party device. For features and functionality, refer to the
documentation included with the 3rd party device.
FUSION-Link integration
The FUSION-Link devices appear as additional sources when using
the audio function. No additional icons are available.
Refer to "Audio" on page 101 for more information.
BEP CZone integration
The Vulcan integrates with BEP’s CZone system used for controlling
and monitoring a distributed power system on your vessel.
The CZone icon is available in the Tools panel on the Home page
when a CZone system is available on the network.
A separate manual is provided with your CZone system. Refer to this
documentation and to the Vulcan Installation manual for how to
install and configure the CZone system.
CZone dashboard
When the CZone is installed and configured, an additional CZone
dashboard is added to the Instruments panels.
You switch between a panel’s dashboards by selecting the left and
right arrow symbols or by selecting the dashboard from the menu.
Editing a CZone dashboard
You can customize a CZone dashboard by changing the data for
each of the gauges. Available editing options depend on the type of
gauge and which data sources that are connected to your system.
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For more information, refer to "Instrument panels" on page 99.
GoFree wireless
The Vulcan includes built-in wireless functionality that lets you use a
wireless device to remotely view (phone and tablet) and control the
system (tablet only). The system is controlled from the wireless
device by Apps downloaded from their relevant Application store.
Configuration and setup are described in the Vulcan Installation
manual.
Ú
Note: For safety reasons, Autopilot and CZone functions
cannot be controlled from a wireless device.
Operating the system with a wireless device
When remote control is accepted, the active page is mirrored to the
wireless device.
The image on the wireless device includes softkeys used for
operating the Vulcan system.
Remote controllers
You can connect a ZC1 to the network and remotely control the
Vulcan.
A separate manual is included with the remote controller.
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2
Basic operation
System Controls dialog
The System Controls dialog provides quick access to basic system
settings. You display the dialog by making a short press on the
Power key. The icons displayed on the dialog can vary. For example,
the adjust splits option is only available if you are viewing a split
page when you open the System Controls dialog.
Activating functions
Select the icon of the function you want to set or toggle on or off.
For those functions that toggle on and off, a highlighted icon
indicates the function is activated, as shown in the Instrument bar
icon above.
Turning the system on and off
You turn the system on and off by pressing and holding the Power
key. You can also turn the unit off from the System Controls
dialog.
If the Power key is released before the shut-down is completed, the
power off process is cancelled.
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First time startup
The first time the unit is started and after a master reset, the system
runs through an automatic start-up sequence, including language
setup and automatic data source selection.
You can select to interrupt this sequence and later configure the
system yourself.
Standby mode
You select Standby mode from the System Controls dialog.
Display illumination
Brightness
The display backlighting can be adjusted at any time from the
System Controls dialog. You can also cycle the preset backlight
levels by short presses on the Power key.
Night mode
The night mode option optimizes the color palette and backlight for
low light conditions.
Ú
Note: Details on the chart may be less visible when the
Night mode is selected!
Locking the touchscreen
You can temporarily lock a touchscreen to prevent accidental
operation of the system. Lock the touchscreen when large amounts
of water are on the screen, for example, in heavy seas and weather.
This feature is also useful when cleaning the screen while the unit is
turned on.
You lock the touchscreen from the System Controls dialog.
You remove the lock function by a short press on the Power key.
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19
Using menus and dialogs
Menus
You display a page menu by selecting the MENU button in the
upper right corner of the page.
• Activate a menu item and toggle on/off an option by selecting
it
• Adjust a slide bar value by either:
• dragging the slide bar
• selecting the + or - icons
Select the Back menu option to return to the previous menu level,
and then exit.
You can make the menu slide away by tapping the screen outside
the menu area, or by pressing the MENU button. When you repress the MENU button, the menu opens in the same status it had
before it closed.
The status of the cursor (active vs. inactive) changes the menu
options.
Dialog boxes
A dialog is closed by saving or cancelling the entry.
A dialog can also be closed by selecting the X in the dialog's upper
right corner.
Selecting pages and panels
Selecting a page
• Select a full page panel by selecting the relevant application
button on the Home page
• Select a favorite page by selecting the relevant favorite button
• Select a predefined split panel by pressing and holding the
relevant application icon
Select active panel
In a multiple panel page, only one panel can be active at a time. The
active panel is outlined with a border.
You can only access the page menu of an active panel.
You activate a panel by tapping it.
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Using the cursor on the panel
The cursor can be used to measure a distance, to mark a position,
and to select items.
By default, the cursor is not shown on the panel.
Position the cursor by tapping the desired location on the screen.
When the cursor is active, the cursor position window is displayed.
To remove the cursor and cursor elements from the panel, select
the Clear cursor option.
GoTo cursor
You can navigate to a selected position on the image by positioning
the cursor on the panel, then using the Goto Cursor option in the
menu.
The Cursor assist function
The cursor assist function allows for fine tuning and precision
placement of the cursor without covering details with your finger.
Press and hold your finger on the screen to switch the cursor
symbol to a selection circle, appearing above your finger.
Without removing your finger from the screen, drag the selection
circle over the desired item to display item information.
When you remove your finger from the screen the cursor reverts to
normal cursor operation.
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21
Measuring distance
The cursor can be used to measure the distance between your
vessel and a selected position, or between 2 points on the chart
panel.
1. Position the cursor on the point from where you want to
measure the distance.
2. Start the measure function from the menu.
- The measuring icons appear with a line drawn from the vessel
center to the cursor position, and the distance is listed in the
cursor information window.
3. You can reposition the measuring points by dragging either
icon as long as the measuring function is active.
Ú
Note: The bearing is always measured from the grey icon
to the blue icon.
You can also start the measuring function without an active cursor.
Both measuring icons are then initially located at the vessel position.
The grey icon follows the vessel as the vessel moves, while the blue
icon remains at the position given when you activated the function.
You terminate the measuring function by selecting the Finish
measuring menu option.
Creating a Man Overboard waypoint
If an emergency situation should occur, you can position a Man
Overboard (MOB) waypoint at the vessel’s current position by
selecting the MOB button on the Home page.
When you activate the MOB function the following actions are
automatically performed:
• a MOB waypoint is positioned at the vessel’s position
• the display switches to a zoomed chart panel, centered on the
vessel's position
• the system displays navigation information back to the MOB
waypoint
Multiple MOB waypoints are saved by repeatedly pressing the MOB
buttons. The vessel continues to show navigation information to
the initial MOB waypoint. Navigation to subsequent MOB waypoints
needs to be done manually.
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Cancel navigation to MOB
The system continues to display navigational information towards
the MOB waypoint until you cancel the navigation from the menu.
Delete a MOB waypoint
1. Select the MOB waypoint to activate it
2. Select the MOB waypoint's pop-up to display the MOB waypoint
dialog
3. Select the delete option in the dialog.
A MOB waypoint can also be deleted from the menu when it is
activated.
Screen capture
You need to turn on the Screen capture option in the System
Settings dialog to be able to take a screenshot on a touch screen.
When the function is activated, you can take a screenshot on a
touch screen by double-selecting the title bar of an open dialog, or
by double-selecting the status bar if no dialog is open.
Refer to "Tools" on page 109 for how to view files.
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3
Customizing your system
Customizing the Home page wallpaper
The Home page's wallpaper can be customized. You can select one
of the pictures included with the system, or you can use your own
picture in .jpg or .png format.
The images can be available on any location that can be seen in the
files browser. When a picture is chosen as the wallpaper, it is
automatically copied to the Wallpaper folder.
Adjusting panel size
You can change the panel size for an active split page. The panel
size can be adjusted for both favorite pages and for predefined split
pages.
1. Activate the System Controls dialog
2. Select the adjust splits option in the dialog
3. Adjust the panel size by dragging the adjustment icon
4. Confirm your changes by tapping one of the panels or selecting
the save option in the menu.
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The changes are saved to the active favorite or split page.
Adding new favorite pages
1. Select the New icon in the favorite panel on the Home page to
open the page editor dialog
2. Drag and drop page icons to set up a new page
3. Change the panel arrangement (only possible for 2 or 3 panels),
if required.
4. Save the page layout
The system displays the new favorite page, and the new page is
included in the list of favorite pages on the Home page.
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Edit favorite pages
1. Select the edit icon for a favorite icon to enter edit mode
- Select the X icon to remove the page
- Select the tool icon to display the page editor dialog
2. Add or remove panels in the page editor dialog.
3. Save or discard your changes to leave the favorite edit mode.
Setting the appearance of the Instrument
bar
Data sources connected to the system can be viewed in the
Instrument bar.
You can configure the Instrument bar to display either one or two
bars, or set it to alternate the bars automatically.
You can turn the Instrument bar off from the System controls
dialog.
Ú
Note: This only turns the Instrument bar off for the current
page.
Turning the Instrument bar on/off
1. Activate the System controls dialog
2. Deactivate/activate the instrument bar icon to toggle the bar on
and off.
Edit the content of the Instrument bar
1. Select the MENU button to edit the content
2. Select the content you want to display
Note: You can configure Bar 1 for active page or for all
pages except those that have a local configuration. Bar 2
can only be configured for active page.
3. Define the time period if you want the two bars to alternate
automatically
4. Select the edit option to change any of the instrument fields,
followed by the field you want to change
5. Save your changes by selecting the finish edit option in the
menu.
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4
Charts
The chart function displays your vessel’s position relative to land
and other chart objects. On the chart panel you can plan and
navigate routes, place waypoints, and display AIS targets.
The Chart panel
1
MOB (Man Over Board) mark
2
Vessel with extension line (extension line is optional)
3
Waypoint with Laylines*
4
North indicator
5
Route*
6
Grid lines*
7
Track*
8
Range rings*
9
Chart range scale
10 Range rings interval (only displayed when Range rings are
turned on)
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* Optional chart items. You turn the optional images on/off
individually from the Chart settings dialog.
Chart data
The system is delivered with different embedded cartography
depending on region.
All units support Insight charts from Navico including Insight
Genesis. The system also supports Navionics Gold, Platinum+ and
Navionics+, C-MAP MAX-N/MAX-N+ by Jeppesen as well as content
created by variety of third party mapping providers in the AT5
format. For a full selection of available charts please visit
insightstore.navico.com, c-map.jeppesen.com or navionics.com.
Ú
Note: The system does not automatically switch to
embedded cartography if the chart card is removed. A lowresolution chart will be displayed until you re-insert the
card or manually switch back to the embedded
cartography.
Showing dual chart types
If you have different chart types available - embedded or in the card
slot - you can show two different chart types simultaneously on a
page with two chart panels.
You can select a dual chart panel by pressing and holding the Chart
application button on the Home page, or by creating a favorite
page with two chart panels.
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Selecting chart type
You specify the chart type in the Chart panel by selecting one of the
available chart types in the chart source menu option. If you have a
multiple Chart panel, the chart type is set individually for each chart
panel. Activate one of the chart panels, and then select one of the
available chart types in the chart source menu option. Repeat the
process for the second chart panel, and select an alternative chart
type for this panel.
Ú
Note: To show charts other than Navionics, Insight chart
type must be selected.
If you have identical charts available - built in or in the card slot - the
system automatically selects the chart with most chart details for
your displayed region.
Vessel symbol
When the Vulcan has a valid GPS position lock, the vessel symbol
indicates vessel position. If no GPS position is available, the vessel
symbol includes a question mark.
Chart scale
Chart range scale and range rings interval (when turned on) are
shown in the lower right corner of the chart panel.
Panning the chart
You can move the chart in any direction by dragging your finger on
the screen.
Select the Clear cursor menu option to remove the cursor and
cursor window from the panel. This also centers the chart to the
vessel position.
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29
Positioning the vessel on the chart panel
Chart orientation
Several options are available for how the chart is rotated in the
panel. The chart orientation symbol in the panel’s upper right
corner indicates the north direction.
North up
Heading up
Course up
North up
Displays the chart with north upward.
Heading up
Displays the chart with the vessel’s heading directed upward.
Heading information is received from a compass. If heading is not
available, then the COG from the GPS is used.
Course up
Rotates the chart in the direction of the next waypoint when
navigating a route or navigating to a waypoint. If not navigating the
heading up orientation is used until navigation is started.
Look ahead
Moves the vessel icon closer to the bottom of the screen so that
you can maximize your view ahead.
Displaying information about chart items
When you select a chart item, a waypoint, a route, or a target, basic
information for the selected item is displayed. Select the chart item's
pop-up to display all available information for that item. You can
also activate the detailed information dialog from the menu.
Ú
30
Note: Pop-up information has to be enabled in chart
settings to see basic item information.
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Using the cursor on the chart panel
By default, the cursor is not shown on the chart panel.
When you activate the cursor, the cursor position window is
displayed. When the cursor is active, the chart does not pan or
rotate to follow the vessel.
Select the Clear cursor menu option to remove the cursor and the
cursor window from the panel. This also centers the chart to the
vessel position.
Select the Restore cursor menu option to display the cursor in its
previous location. The Clear cursor and Restore cursor options
are useful features for toggling between the vessel's current
location and the cursor position.
Creating routes
You can create routes as follows on the chart panel.
1. Position the cursor on the chart panel.
2. Select New followed by New route in the menu.
3. Tap the chart panel to position the first routepoint.
4. Continue positioning the remaining routepoints.
5. Save the route by selecting the save option in the menu.
Ú
Note: For more information, refer to "Waypoints, Routes, and
Tracks" on page 52.
Find objects on chart panels
You can search for other vessels or various chart items from a chart
panel.
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Activate the cursor on the panel to search from the cursor position.
If the cursor is not active, the system searches for items from the
vessel's position.
Ú
Note: You must have a SIRIUS data package subscription to
search for fueling stations and an AIS receiver connected to
search for vessels.
3D charts
The 3D option provides a three dimensional graphical view of land
and sea contours.
Ú
Note: All chart types work in 3D mode, but without 3D
cartography for the appropriate area the chart appears flat.
When 3D chart option is selected, the Pan and the Rotate icons
appear on the right side of the chart panel.
Panning the 3D chart
You can move the chart in any direction by selecting the Pan icon
and then panning in the desired direction.
Select the Return to vessel menu option to stop panning, and to
center the chart to vessel position.
Controlling the view angle
You can control the view angle by selecting the Rotate icon and
then panning the chart panel.
• To change the direction you are viewing, pan horizontally
• To change the tilt angle of the view, pan vertically
Ú
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Note: When centered on the vessel position, only the tilt
angle can be adjusted. The view direction is controlled by
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the chart orientation setting. See "Positioning the vessel on the chart
panel" on page 30.
Zooming a 3D chart
You zoom in and out on a 3D chart by using the zoom (+ or -)
buttons, or the touch method of pinching and spreading your
fingers.
Insight specific chart options
Orientation, Look ahead, 3D, and change Chart source (previously
described in this section) are common for all chart types.
Chart imagery style
The charts can be displayed in three imagery styles.
2D mapping style
Shaded relief
No contours
Insight view options
Chart detail
•
•
•
Full
All available information for the chart in use.
Medium
Minimum information sufficient for navigation.
Low
Basic level of information that cannot be removed, and includes
information that is required in all geographic areas. It is not
intended to be sufficient for safe navigation.
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Insight chart categories
Insight charts include several categories and sub-categories that
you can turn on/off individually depending on which information
you want to see.
Land Exaggeration and Water Exaggeration
Graphical settings available in 3D mode only. Exaggeration is a
multiplier applied to the drawn height of hills on land, and troughs
in water to make them look taller or deeper.
Navionics specific chart options
Orientation, Look ahead, 3D and change Chart source (previously
described in this section) are common for all chart types.
Community edits
Toggles on the chart layer including Navionics edits. These are user
information or edits uploaded to Navionics Community by users,
and made available in Navionics charts.
For more information, refer to Navionics information included with
your chart, or to Navionics website: www.navionics.com.
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Navionics chart settings
Colored seabed areas
Used for displaying different depth areas in different shades of blue.
Annotation
Determines what area information, such as names of locations and
notes of areas, is available to display.
Presentation type
Provides marine charting information such as symbols, colors of the
navigation chart and wording for either International or U.S.
presentation types.
Chart details
Provides you with different levels of geographical layer information.
Safety depth
The Navionics charts use different shades of blue to distinguish
between shallow and deep water.
Safety depth, based on a selected limit, is drawn without blue
shading.
Ú
Note: The built in Navionics database features data down
to 20 m, after which it is all white.
Contours depth
Determines which contours you see on the chart down to the
selected safety depth value.
Rock filter level
Hides rock identification on the chart beneath a given depth.
This helps you to declutter charts in areas where there are many
rocks located at depths well below your vessel's draught.
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Navionics view options
Chart shading
Shading adds terrain information to the chart.
Navionics dynamic tide and current icons
Shows tides and currents with a gauge and an arrow instead of the
diamond icons used for static tides and current information.
The tide and current data available in Navionics charts are related to
a specific date and time. The system animates the arrows and/or
gauges to show the tides and currents evolution over time.
Dynamic tide information
Dynamic current information
The following icons and symbology are used:
Current speed
The arrow length depends on the rate, and the
symbol is rotated according to flow direction. Flow
rate is shown inside the arrow symbol. The red
symbol is used when current speed is increasing,
and the blue symbol is used when current speed is
decreasing.
Tide height
The gauge has 8 labels and is set according to
absolute max/min value of the evaluated day. The
red arrow is used when tide is rising, and the blue
arrow is used when tide is falling.
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Ú
Note: All numeric values are shown in the relevant system
units (unit of measurement) set by user.
Easy View
Magnifying feature that increases the size of chart items and text.
Ú
Note: There is no indication on the chart showing that this
feature is active.
Photo overlay
Photo overlay enables you to view satellite photo images of an area
as an overlay on the chart. The availability of such photos is limited
to certain regions, and cartography versions.
You can view photo overlays in either 2D or 3D modes.
No Photo overlay
Photo overlay, land only
Full Photo overlay
Photo transparency
The Photo transparency sets the opaqueness of the photo overlay.
With minimum transparency settings the chart details are almost
hidden by the photo.
Minimum transparency
Maximum transparency
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Navionics Fish N' Chip
The system supports Navionics Fish N' Chip (U.S. only) chart feature.
For more information, see www.navionics.com.
Depth highlight range
Select a range of depths between which Navionics fills with a
different color.
This allows you to highlight a specific range of depths for fishing
purposes. The range is only as accurate as the underlying chart data,
meaning that if the chart only contains 5 meter intervals for contour
lines, the shading is rounded to the nearest available contour line.
No Depth highlight range
Depth highlight range: 6 m - 12 m
Shallow water highlight
Highlights areas of shallow water.
This allows you to highlight areas of water between 0 and the
selected depth (up to 10 meters/30 feet).
No shallow water highlighted
38
Shallow water highlight: 0 m - 3 m
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Jeppesen tides and currents
The system can display Jeppesen tides and currents. With this
information it is possible to predict the time, level, direction and
strength of currents and tides. This is an important tool when
considering planning and navigation of a trip.
In large zoom ranges the tides and currents are displayed as a
square icon including the letter T (Tides) or C (Current). When you
select one of the icons, tidal or current information for that location
are displayed.
Dynamic current data can be viewed by zooming inside a 1-nautical
mile zoom range. At that range, the Current icon changes to an
animated dynamic icon that shows the speed and direction of the
current. Dynamic icons are colored in black (greater than 6 knots),
red (greater than 2 knots and less than or equal to 6 knots), yellow
(greater than 1 knot and less than or equal to 2 knots) or green
(equal to or less than 1 knot), depending on the current in that
location.
If there is no current (0 knots) this will be shown as a white, square
icon.
Static Current and Tide icons
Dynamic Current icons
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39
Chart settings
Settings and display options made in the Chart settings page are
common for all chart panels.
3D boat selection
Determines which icon to use on 3D charts.
Boat settings
The boat settings are used when calculating an automatic route.
The boat's draught, width and height must be input to use the
autorouting and easy routing features.
Range Rings
The range rings can be used to present the distance from your
vessel to other chart objects.
The range scale is set automatically by the system to suit the chart
scale.
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Extension lines
A: Heading
B: Course Over Ground (COG)
The lengths of the extension lines are either set as a fixed distance,
or to indicate the distance the vessel moves in the selected time
period. If no options are turned on for the vessel then no extension
lines are shown for your vessel.
Your vessel heading is based on information from the active
heading sensor and the COG is based on information from the
active GPS sensor.
Laylines
Configures the options for laylines on the chart and on the SailSteer
panels.
The image shows laylines from mark/waypoint with limits.
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The following settings are available:
• Boat
Displays laylines from boat, indicating the target course.
• Always show boat laylines
Displays boat laylines.
• Mark
Displays laylines from mark/waypoint, indicating the target
course to sail to reach the mark/waypoint.
• Tidal flow correction
Calculates the tidal effect of the boat based on COG, and
applies this information to the laylines.
• Overlapped
Extends the laylines beyond the tack/gybe intersection.
• Length
Sets the length of the laylines.
• Target wind angle
Defines the target for the TWA (True Wind Angle). The target
can be read from your polar table, it can be read from the live
measurements, or it can be manually entered upwind and
downwind sailing angles.
• Limits
Sets the maximum tack/gybe time period to either side of the
laylines. When turned on the limits are indicated with a dotted
line on the chart and on the SailSteer panel.
Synchronize 2D/3D chart
Links the position shown on one chart with the position shown on
the other chart when a 2D and a 3D chart are shown side by side.
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Pop-up information
Selects whether basic information for chart items is displayed when
you select the item.
Grid lines
Turns on/off viewing of longitude and latitude grid lines on the
chart.
Course highway
Adds a graphic presentation of cross track error (XTE) limits to the
route. For setting the XTE limit, see "XTE limit" on page 55.
Waypoints, Routes, Tracks
Turns on/off displaying of these items on chart panels. Also opens
the Waypoints, Routes and Tracks dialogs you can use to manage
them.
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5
Waypoints, Routes, and Tracks
Waypoints
A waypoint is a user generated mark positioned on a chart, or on
the Echosounder image. Each waypoint has an exact position with
latitude and longitude coordinates. A waypoint positioned on the
Echosounder image has a depth value, in addition to position
information. A waypoint is used to mark a position you later may
want to return to. Two or more waypoints can also be combined to
create a route.
Saving waypoints
You can save a waypoint at a selected location by positioning the
cursor on the panel, and then selecting the new waypoint option in
the menu.
In the Chart and Nav panels, you can save a waypoint at the vessel
position, when the cursor is not active, by selecting the new
waypoint option in the menu.
Moving a waypoint
1. Select the waypoint you want to move
- The waypoint icon expands to indicate that it is active
2. Activate the menu and select the waypoint in the menu
3. Select the move option
4. Select the new waypoint position
5. Select Finish in the menu
The waypoint is now automatically saved at the new position.
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Edit a waypoint
You can edit all information about a waypoint from the Edit
Waypoint dialog.
This dialog is activated by selecting the waypoint's pop-up, or from
the menu when the waypoint is activated.
The dialog can also be accessed from the Waypoints tool on the
Home page.
Delete a waypoint
You can delete a waypoint from the Edit Waypoint dialog or by
selecting the Delete menu option when the waypoint is activated.
You can also delete waypoints from the Waypoints tool on the
Home page.
You can delete MOB waypoints the same way.
Waypoint alarm settings
You can set an alarm radius for each individual waypoint you create.
The alarm is set in the Edit Waypoint dialog.
Ú
Note: The waypoint radius alarm must be toggled ON in
the alarm dialog to activate an alarm when your vessel
comes within the defined radius. For more information,
refer to "Alarms dialog" on page 107.
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45
Routes
A route consists of a series of routepoints entered in the order that
you want to navigate them.
When you select a route on the chart panel it turns green, and the
route name is displayed.
The system includes support for Navionics Autorouting and
Jeppesen Easy Routing. This feature automatically suggests
routepoints between the first and last routepoint of a route, or
between selected routepoints in a complex route. You can use the
feature when you create a new route, or you can use it to edit
already saved routes.
Creating a new route on the chart panel
1.
2.
3.
4.
Activate the cursor on the chart panel.
Select the new route option from the menu.
Position the first waypoint on the chart panel.
Continue positioning new routepoints on the chart panel until
the route is completed.
5. Save the route by selecting the save option in the menu.
Edit a route from the chart panel
1. Select the route to make it active.
2. Select the route edit option in the menu.
3. Position the new routepoint on the chart panel:
- If you set the new routepoint on a leg, a new point is added
between existing routepoints.
- If you set the new routepoint outside the route, the new
routepoint is added after the last point in the route.
4. Drag a routepoint to move it to a new position.
5. Save the route by selecting the save option in the menu.
Ú
46
Note: The menu changes depending on the selected edit
option. All edits are confirmed or cancelled from the menu.
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Delete a route
You can delete a route by selecting the Delete menu option when
the route is activated. You can also delete routes from the Routes
tool on the Home page.
Autorouting and Easy Routing
The Autorouting and Easy Routing suggest new routepoint
positions based on information in the map and on your boat's size.
Before you can start using this feature the boat draught, width and
height must be entered into the system. The boat settings dialog is
automatically displayed if the information is missing when you start
the feature.
Ú
Note: Vulcan units designed for sale in the U.S. region do
not have Autorouting or Easy Routing capabilities.
Autorouting or Easy Routing features are disabled on all
non-U.S. units when they are used in U.S. territorial waters.
Ú
Note: It is not possible to start the Autorouting or Easy
Routing if one of the selected routepoints is located in an
unsafe area. A warning dialog is displayed, and you have to
move the relevant routepoint(s) to a safe area to proceed.
Ú
Note: If no compatible cartography is available, the
Autorouting or Easy Routing menu option is not available.
Compatible cartography includes Jeppesen CMAP MAX-N
+, Navionics+ and Navionics Platinum. For a full selection of
available charts please visit insightstore.navico.com, cmap.jeppesen.com or navionics.com.
1. Position at least two routepoints on a new route, or open an
existing route for editing.
2. Select Autorouting, followed by:
- Entire Route if you want the system to add new routepoints
between the first and the last routepoint of the open route.
- Selection if you want to manually select the routepoints that
define the limits for the autorouting, then select the relevant
routepoints. Selected routepoints are colored red. Only two
routepoints can be selected, and the system discards any
routepoints between your selected start and end points.
3. Select Accept to start the automatic routing.
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47
4.
5.
6.
7.
- When the automatic routing is completed the route appears
in preview mode, and the legs are color coded to indicate safe
or unsafe areas. Navionics uses red (unsafe) and green (safe),
while C-MAP uses red (unsafe), yellow (dangerous) and green
(safe).
Move any routepoints if required when the route is in preview
mode.
Select Keep to accept the routepoints positions.
Eventually repeat step 2 (Selection) and step 3 if you want the
system to automatically position routepoints for other parts of
the route.
Select Save to complete the automatic routing and save the
route.
Autorouting and Easy Routing examples
•
Entire route option used when first and last route points are
selected.
First and last routepoint
•
Selection option used for autorouting part of a route.
Two routepoints selected
48
Result after automatic routing
Result after automatic routing
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Creating routes using existing waypoints
You can create a new route by combining existing waypoints from
the Routes dialog. The dialog is activated by using the Routes tool
on the Home page.
Converting Tracks to Routes
You can convert a track to a route from the Edit Track dialog. The
dialog is activated by activating the track, then selecting the track's
pop-up, or by selecting the info option from the menu.
The Edit Tracks dialog can also be accessed by selecting the Tracks
tool on the Home page.
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The Edit Route dialog
You can add and remove routepoints from the Edit Route dialog.
This dialog is activated by selecting an active route's pop-up or from
the menu.
The dialog can also be accessed by using the Routes tool on the
Home page.
Tracks
Tracks are a graphical presentation of the historical path of the
vessel, allowing you to retrace where you have travelled. Tracks can
be converted to routes from the Edit dialog.
From the factory, the system is set to automatically track and draw
the vessel's movement on the chart panel. The system continues to
record the Tracks until the length reaches the maximum points, and
then automatically begins overwriting the oldest points.
The automatic tracking function can be turned off from the Tracks
dialog.
Creating new Tracks
You can start a new track from the Tracks dialog, activated by using
the Tracks tool on the Home page.
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Tracks settings
Tracks are made up of a series of points connected by line segments
whose length depends on the frequency of the recording.
You can select to position track points based on time settings,
distance, or by letting the system position a waypoint automatically
when a course change is registered.
Ú
Note: The Tracks option must also be turned ON in the
chart settings to be visible.
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Waypoints, Routes, and Tracks dialogs
The Waypoints, Routes, and Tracks dialogs give access to advanced
edit functions and settings for these items.
The dialogs are accessed from the Tools panel on the Home page.
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Navigating
The navigation function included in the system allows you to
navigate to the cursor position, to a waypoint, or along a predefined
route.
If autopilot functionality is included in your system, the autopilot
can be set to automatically navigate the vessel.
For information about positioning waypoints and creating routes,
refer to "Waypoints, Routes, and Tracks" on page 44.
Navigate to cursor position
You can start navigating to a cursor position on any chart, or
Echosounder panel.
Position the cursor at the selected destination on the panel, and
then select the Goto Cursor option in the menu.
Ú
Note: The Goto Cursor menu option is not available if you
are already navigating.
Navigate a route
You can start navigating a route from the chart panel or from the
Route dialog.
When route navigation is started, the menu expands and shows
options for canceling the navigation, for skipping a waypoint, and
for restarting the route from current vessel position.
Starting a route from the chart panel
Activate a route on the panel, and then select the route navigation
option from the menu.
You can select a routepoint to start navigating from a selected
position.
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Start navigating a route from the Route dialog
You can start navigating from the Route dialog, activated by:
• Selecting the Route tool from the Home page
• Selecting the route details from the menu
Cancel navigation
When you are navigating, the menu includes an option for
cancelling the navigation.
Navigating with the autopilot
When you start navigation on a system with autopilot functionality,
you are prompted to set the autopilot to navigation mode.
If you choose not to engage the autopilot, the autopilot can be set
to navigation mode from the Autopilot Controller later on.
For more information about autopilot functionality, refer to "Autopilot"
on page 61.
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Navigation settings
Navigation method
Different methods are available for calculating the distance and
bearing between any two points on a chart.
The Great circle route is the shortest path between two points.
However, if you are to travel along such a route, it would be difficult
to steer manually as the heading would constantly be changing
(except in the case of due north, south, or along the equator).
Rhumb lines are tracks of constant bearing. It is possible to travel
between two locations using Rhumb line computation, but the
distance would usually be greater than if Great circle is used.
Arrival radius
Sets an invisible circle around the destination waypoint.
The vessel is considered arrived at the waypoint when it is within
this radius.
XTE limit
This setting defines how far the vessel can deviate from the selected
route, if the vessel goes beyond this limit, an alarm is activated.
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Arrival alarm
When the arrival alarm is enabled, an alarm is activated when the
vessel reaches the waypoint or when it is within the specified arrival
radius.
Magnetic variation
Magnetic variation is the difference between true bearings and
magnetic bearings, caused by different locations of the Geographic
and the Magnetic north poles. Any local anomalies such as iron
deposits might also affect the magnetic bearings.
When set to Auto, the system automatically converts magnetic
north to true north. Select manual mode if you need to enter your
own local magnetic variation.
Datum
Most paper charts are made in the WGS84 format, which also is
used by the Vulcan.
If your paper charts are in a different format, you can change the
datum settings accordingly to match your paper charts.
Coordinate system
Several coordinate systems can be used to control the format for
latitude and longitude coordinates displayed on the chart panel.
Phantom Loran
Enables use of Phantom Loran positioning system.
Loran settings
Defines Loran chains (GRI) and preferred station for waypoint entry,
cursor position and position panel.
The graphic example shows a cursor position window with Loran
position information.
For more information refer to your Loran system documentation.
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The Sail Steer panel
The Sail Steer panel provides a composite view of key sailing data.
All data is displayed relative to the yacht’s bow, providing a clear
and easy to understand image of important sailing data.
The Sail Steer panel can be shown as a full screen panel, or in a
multi-panel page.
The number of data fields included in the panel is dependent on
available panel size.
1
User configurable data fields
2
Vessel heading
3
COG (Course Over Ground)
4
Apparent wind*
5
Port and starboard laylines.
6
Magnetic or True reference
7
TWA (True Wind Angle) - Green if on TWA upwind or
downwind. Blue if off target by 10º or more, or on a free
leg. The indicator will fade from blue to green the closer
you get to the exact angle.*
8
Bearing to current waypoint
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9
Active (next) waypoint ID, routepoint ID, or cursor
10
Rudder angle
11
Magnetic variation
12
Tide rate and relative direction*
* Optional images. You can turn the optional images on/off from
the menu.
Selecting data fields for the Sail Steer panel
Data sources connected to the system can be viewed on the Sail
Steer panel.
1. Select the Sail Steer panel to make it active.
2. Select the MENU button and select the edit option.
- Edit mode is indicated in top of the panel.
3. Select the instrument field you want to change.
- The selected field has a highlighted frame.
4. Select the MENU button again to select info.
5. Repeat the steps to change other instrument fields.
6. Save your settings by selecting the save option in the menu.
Sail Time calculations
The system calculates the time and distance to a waypoint taking
into consideration that the vessel is sailing on a layline course to the
waypoint. Data showing time calculations will be indicated with an S extension:
58
DTW-S
Sailing Distance to Waypoint
TTW-S
Sailing Time to Waypoint
ETA-S
Sailing Estimated Time of Arrival
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Time and Wind plots
The system can present data history in different plots. The plots can
be displayed in full page, or combined with other panels.
The Time plot panel
The Time plot panel consists of two predefined layouts. You switch
between the layouts by selecting the left and right panel arrows.
You can also select the layout from the menu.
You can select which data to present on a time plot panel, and you
can define the time range for each plot.
Layout 1
Layout 2
Missing data
If the data is unavailable, the relevant plot turns into a dashed line
and flattens out at the point the data was lost. When the data
becomes available again, a dashed line joins up the two points
showing an average trend line bridging the missing data.
Selecting data
Each data field can be changed to show the preferred data type and
the time range.
1. Select the edit option from the menu
2. Activate the field you want to edit
3. Change the information type and eventually the range
4. Save your changes
The data available for the Time plots are by default the sources used
by the system. If more than one data source is available for a data
type you can select to show alternative data source in the Time plot.
You change the data type by using the data source option in the
menu.
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Wind Plot panel
A Wind Plot is a special type of Time Plot specifically designed to
help you understand recent changes in wind speed and direction.
The Wind Plot panel includes wind direction and wind speed. The
graphics are configured vertically with the newest data being
displayed at the top of the screen.
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9
Autopilot
If an AC12N, AC42N or SG05 autopilot computer is connected to the
system, autopilot functionality is available in the system.
An Autopilot is designed to maintain an accurate course in various
sea conditions with minimal helm movements.
Safe operation with the autopilot
Warning: An autopilot is a useful navigational aid,
but DOES NOT replace a human navigator.
Activating the autopilot
You activate the autopilot from any panel by selecting the autopilot
tile in the Instrument bar, followed by selecting a mode in the
Autopilot Controller.
Switching from automatic mode to manual
steering
You switch the autopilot to STBY mode from any automatic
operation mode from the autopilot pop-up.
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Autopilot indication on the pages
1
Autopilot indication in Status bar
2
Autopilot pop-up
3
Autopilot tile in Instrument bar
Autopilot mode indication in the Status bar
The Status bar shows autopilot information as long as an autopilot
computer is connected to the network.
Icons are included if the autopilot is passive or locked by another
autopilot control unit.
Autopilot pop up
You control the autopilot from the autopilot pop-up.
The pop-up has a fixed position on the page, and it is available for
all pages except when an Autopilot panel is active.
As long as the autopilot pop-up is active, you cannot operate the
background panel or its menu.
You remove the pop-up from a page by selecting the X in the
upper right corner. You turn it on again by selecting the autopilot
tile in the instrument bar.
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The following pop-ups are available:
• Autopilot controller, showing active mode, heading, rudder
and various steering information depending on active autopilot
mode. Manual adjustments to the set heading can only be
made when the port and starboard arrow indicators are
illuminated red and green.
• Mode selection, includes access to turn pattern selection.
• Turn pattern selection
Autopilot controller
Mode selection
Turn pattern selection
Autopilot tile in Instrument bar
You can select to show the autopilot tile in the Instrument bar.
If the autopilot pop-up is turned off you can turn it on by selecting
the tile in the Instrument bar.
The Autopilot panel
The autopilot panel is used to display navigation data. It can be
shown as a full screen panel, or in a multi-panel page.
The number of data fields included in the autopilot panel is
dependent on available panel size.
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Data fields
The following abbreviations are used in the autopilot panel:
CTS
Course to steer
DTD
Distance to destination
WPT DIST
Distance to next waypoint
SOG
Speed over ground
COG
Course over ground
XTE
Cross track error (L: left or R: right)
Mode overview
The autopilot has several steering modes. The number of modes
and features within the mode depend on boat type and available
inputs, as shown in the following list:
• Standby
Standby mode used when manually steering at the helm.
Compass and rudder angle is shown on the display.
• NFU
Non-Follow Up steering where the rudder movement is
controlled by using the Port and Starboard keys in the Pilot
pop-up, or by another NFU unit.
• FU
Follow-up steering where the rudder angle is set by another FU
unit.
• AUTO
Automatic steering where the set heading is maintained.
• Heading capture
Aborts the turn and uses the instantaneous compass
reading as set heading.
• Turn patterns
Moves the vessel automatically in pre-defined turn steering
patterns.
• Tacking
Only available if the boat type is set to Sail in the Autopilot
Commissioning dialog. Tacking with a fixed angle.
• NoDrift
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•
•
•
Automatic steering, keeping the vessel on a straight bearing
line by compensating for drift.
• Dodging
Returns to NoDrift mode after a heading change.
NAV
Navigation steering. Steers the vessel to a specific waypoint or
through a route.
WIND
Only available if the boat type is set to Sail in the Autopilot
Commissioning dialog. Automatic steering where the vessel
heading is changed to maintain a set wind angle.
• Tacking/Gybing
Only available if the boat type is set to Sail in the Autopilot
Commissioning dialog. Tacking/Gybing with apparent or
true wing angle as reference.
WIND Nav
Automatic steering, using both wind and GPS data to steer the
vessel to a specific waypoint or through a route.
Standby mode
Standby (STBY) mode is used when you steer the boat at the helm.
Non-Follow Up (NFU, Power steering)
In NFU mode you use the port and starboard arrow buttons in the
autopilot pop-up to control the rudder. The rudder will move as
long as the button is pressed.
• Activate NFU mode by selecting the port or starboard arrow
button in the pop-up when the autopilot is in STBY or FU mode.
You return to STBY mode by selecting the STBY mode button in the
autopilot pop-up.
Follow-up steering (FU)
Ú
Note: FU mode is only available if you have a ZC1 or similar
included in the system. The Vulcan does not have a rotary
knob.
In FU mode you use the rotary knob to control the rudder angle.
Press the rotary knob, then turn the knob to set the rudder angle.
The rudder moves to the commanded angle and then stop.
• You select FU mode from the autopilot pop-up
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Ú
Note: If the autopilot pop-up is closed or if an alarm dialog
is activated on the unit controlling the autopilot in FU
mode, the autopilot automatically changes to STBY mode.
Warning: While in FU mode you cannot take manual
control of the wheel.
AUTO mode (auto compass)
In AUTO mode the autopilot issues rudder commands required to
steer the vessel automatically on a set heading.
• You select AUTO mode from the autopilot pop-up. When the
mode is activated, the autopilot selects the current boat
heading as the set heading.
Changing set heading in AUTO mode
You adjust the set heading by using the Port and Starboard arrow
buttons in the autopilot pop-up, or by selecting the Heading tile in
the autopilot pop-up and then entering the desired heading value.
An immediate heading change takes place. The new heading is
maintained until a new heading is set.
Heading capture
When the vessel is turning in AUTO mode, an instant reset of the
mode activates the heading capture function. This automatically
cancels the turn, and the vessel continues on the heading read from
the compass the very moment you re-activated the mode.
Tacking in AUTO mode
Ú
Note: The tack function is only available when the system is
set up for boat type SAIL in the Autopilot Commissioning
dialog.
Tacking should only be performed into the wind and must be tried
out in calm sea conditions with light wind to find out how it works
on your boat. Due to a wide range of boat characteristics (from
cruising to racing boats) the performance of the tack function may
vary from boat to boat.
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Tacking in AUTO mode is different from tacking in WIND mode. In
AUTO mode the tack angle is fixed and as defined by the user. For
more details, see "Tacking - WIND mode" on page 70.
You initiate the tack function from AUTO mode.
When tacking direction is selected the autopilot changes the
current set course according to the set fixed tacking angle.
You can interrupt the tack operation as long as the tack dialog is
open by selecting the opposite tacking direction. When interrupted
the boat returns to the previous set heading.
NoDrift mode
NoDrift mode combines the autopilot and the positioning
information from the GPS.
In NoDrift mode the vessel is steered along a calculated track line in
a direction set by the user. If the vessel's heading is drifting away
from the original heading due to current and/or wind, the vessel
follows the line with a crab angle.
1. Turn the vessel to the desired heading
2. Activate the NoDrift mode. The autopilot draws an invisible
bearing line based on current heading from the boat’s position
Unlike in AUTO (compass) mode, the autopilot now uses the
position information to calculate the cross track error, and
automatically keeps your track straight.
You use the port/starboard arrow panel buttons in the autopilot
pop-up to reset the bearing line while in NoDrift mode.
Dodging
If you need to avoid an obstacle when using NoDrift mode, you can
set the autopilot to STBY and power steer or use the helm until the
obstacle is passed.
If you return to NoDrift mode within 60 seconds you can select to
continue on previous set bearing line.
If you do not respond, the dialog disappears and the autopilot goes
to NoDrift mode with current heading as set bearing line.
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NAV mode
Warning: NAV mode should only be used in open
waters.
You can use the autopilot to automatically steer the boat to a
specific waypoint location, or along a pre-defined route. The
position information from the GPS is used to change the course to
steer to keep the boat on the track line and to the destination
waypoint.
Ú
Note: To obtain satisfactory navigation steering, the Vulcan
must have valid position input. Autosteering must be
tested and determined satisfactory prior to entering the
NAV mode.
Start automatic navigating
When you start navigating a route or to a waypoint from the chart
panel, you are prompted to set the autopilot to NAV mode. If you
reject this request, you can start NAV mode from the autopilot
mode menu.
When NAV mode is initiated, the autopilot automatically keeps the
vessel on the leg.
When the vessel reaches the arrival circle for a routepoint, the
autopilot gives an audible warning and displays a dialog with the
new course information. If the required course change to the next
waypoint is less than the Navigation change limit, the autopilot
automatically changes the course. If the required course change to
next waypoint in a route is more than the set limit, you are
prompted to verify that the upcoming course change is acceptable.
Ú
Note: For information about navigation settings, refer to
"Navigation settings" on page 55.
Waypoint arrival circle
The Arrival radius defines the point at which a turn is initiated when
you are navigating a route.
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The arrival circle (1) should be adjusted according to boat speed.
The higher the speed, the wider the circle. The intention is to make
the autopilot start the heading change in due time to make a
smooth turn onto the next leg.
The figure below may be used to select the appropriate waypoint
circle when creating the route.
X axis = Boat speed in knots
Y axis = Arrival circle, radius in 1/100 Nm
Example: With the speed of 20 knots you should use a waypoint
circle with radius 0.09 Nm.
Ú
Note: The distance between any waypoints in a route must
not be smaller than the radius of the waypoint arrival circle.
WIND mode
Ú
Note: The WIND mode is only available if the system has
been set up for sailboat in the Autopilot Commissioning
dialog.
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Before the WIND mode is started it must be verified that valid input
from wind transducer is available.
Initiate wind steering as follows;
1. Switch the Autopilot to AUTO mode
2. Adjust the boat heading until wind angle is according to the
angle you want to maintain
3. Select the mode indication in the autopilot controller to activate
the autopilot menu, and select WIND mode
The set course to steer (CTS) and set wind angle are entered from
the compass heading and the wind transducer at the moment the
WIND mode is selected. From that point the autopilot changes the
course to maintain the wind angle as the wind direction may
change.
Tacking in WIND mode
Ú
Note: The tack function is only available when the system is
set up for boat type SAIL in the Autopilot Commissioning
dialog.
Tacking should only be performed into the wind and must be tried
out in calm sea conditions with light wind to find out how it works
on your boat. Due to a wide range of boat characteristics (from
cruising to racing boats) the performance of the tack function may
vary from boat to boat.
Tacking in WIND mode as compared to AUTO mode is performed
when sailing with apparent or true wind as the reference. The true
wind angle should be less than 90 degrees.
The rate of turn during the tack will be given by the Tack time
defined in the sailing parameter setup. The tack time is also
controlled by the speed of the boat to prevent loss of speed during
a tack.
You can initiate the tack function from WIND mode.
When you initiate the tacking, the autopilot immediately mirrors the
set wind angle to the opposite side of the bow.
You can interrupt the tack operation as long as the tack dialog is
open by selecting the opposite tacking direction. When interrupted,
the boat returns to the previous set heading.
Gybing
Gybing is possible when the true wind angle is larger than 120°.
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The time to make a gybe is determined by the speed of the boat to
make it as quick as possible within control.
Tack and gybe prevent
You should use the autopilot with care when beating and running.
If the sails are unbalanced when beating, yaw forces from the sails
can drive the boat into the wind. If the boat is driven beyond the set
minimum wind angle, the thrust from the sails suddenly disappears
and reduces the boat speed. The boat becomes more difficult to
steer as the rudder becomes less effective.
The tack prevent function in WIND mode has been implemented to
avoid such situations. It reacts immediately when the apparent wind
angle becomes 5° less than the set minimum wind angle, and more
rudder is commanded.
When running, it is difficult to steer the boat with waves coming
sideways or from behind. The waves can yaw the boat into an
unwanted gybe; this can be hazardous for both the crew and the
mast.
The gybe prevent function is activated when the actual apparent
wind angle becomes greater than 175° or gets opposite to the set
wind angle. More rudder is commanded to prevent an unwanted
gybe.
The tack and gybe prevent functions are not a guarantee against
getting into a hazardous situation. If the effect of the rudder and/or
drive unit is not adequate, a dangerous situation may occur. Pay
particular attention in such situations.
WIND Nav mode
In WIND Nav mode the autopilot steers the boat given both wind
and position data.
In this mode the autopilot calculates the initial course change
needed to navigate towards the active waypoint, but the pilot also
utilizes the current wind direction in the calculation.
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Turn pattern steering
The autopilot includes a number of automatic turn steering features
for power boats when the pilot is in AUTO mode.
Ú
Note: The turn steering option is not be available if the
boat type is set to SAIL in the Autopilot Commissioning
dialog, instead the tack/gybe feature is implemented.
Initiating a turn
You start the turn by selecting the relevant turn icon, followed by
selecting the port or starboard options in the turn dialog to select
the turn direction.
Stopping the turn
You can stop the turn from within the turn dialog.
At any time during a turn you can select STBY in the autopilot popup to return to STBY mode and manual steering.
Turn variables
The turn steering options, except the C-turn, have settings that you
can adjust before you start a turn and at any time when the boat is
in a turn.
U-turn
U-Turn changes the current set heading to be 180° in the opposite
direction.
The turn rate is identical to Rate limit settings. This cannot be
changed during the turn.
Ú
Note: Refer to the separate Vulcan Installation manual for
information about Rate limit settings.
C-turn
Steers the vessel in a circle.
You can adjust the Rate of turn from the turn dialog before the turn
is initiated and during the turn. Increasing the turn rate makes the
vessel turn a smaller circle.
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Spiral turn
Spiral-turn makes the vessel turn in a spiral with a decreasing or
increasing radius. You set the initial radius before the turn is
initiated, and the change per turn during the turn. If the change per
turn is set to zero, the vessel turns in a circle. Negative values
indicate decreasing radius while positive values indicate increasing
radius.
Zigzag turns
Steers the vessel in a zigzag pattern.
For navigating in a zigzag pattern, you set the initial heading
change before the turn is started.
During the turn you can alter the main heading, the heading
change, and the leg distance.
Square turn
Makes the vessel automatically turn 90° after having travelled a
defined leg distance.
At any time during the turn you can change the main heading and
the distance of the leg until the vessel makes a new 90° turn.
Lazy S-turn
Makes the vessel yaw around the main heading.
You set the selected heading change before the turn is started.
During the turn you can alter the main heading, the heading
change and the turn radius from within the turn dialog.
Depth contour tracking, DCTTM
If the system has Echosounder input, the autopilot can be set to
follow a depth contour.
Warning: Do not use this feature unless the seabed is
suitable. Do not use it in rocky waters where the depth
is varying significantly over a small area.
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Use the following process to initiate DCT steering:
1. Ensure that you have depth reading on the panel or on a
separate depth instrument.
2. Steer the boat to the depth you want to track, and in the
direction of the depth contour.
3. Activate AUTO mode, select depth contour steering and
monitor the depth reading.
4. Select the port or starboard option in the turn dialog to initiate
the depth contour steering to follow the bottom sloping to
starboard or to port:
The following parameters are available for depth contour tracking:
Depth gain
This parameter determines the ratio between commanded rudder
and the deviation from the selected depth contour. The higher
depth gain value the more rudder is applied.
If the value is too small, it takes a long time to compensate for
drifting off the set depth contour, and the autopilot fails to keep the
boat on the selected depth.
If the value is set too high, the overshoot increases and the steering
is unstable.
Contour Cross Angle (CCA)
The CCA is an angle that is added to or subtracted from the set
course.
With this parameter you can make the boat yaw around the
reference depth with lazy-s movements.
The larger the CCA, the bigger yawing is allowed. If you the CCA set
to zero there are no lazy-s movements.
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Using the Vulcan in an AP24/AP28 system
Command transfer
If your Vulcan is connected to an autopilot system including an
AP24 or AP28 control unit, only one control unit can be active at the
same time. An inactive control unit is indicated with a square with a
cross symbol in autopilot controller pop-up.
Locking remote stations
The AP24/AP28 includes a Remote Lock function that disables
autopilot control from other units. A locked control unit is indicated
with a key symbol in autopilot controller pop-up.
When the remote lock function is enabled on an AP24/AP28 control
unit, only the active control unit stays in command. No transfer of
command to Vulcan or other autopilot control units on the system
can take place.
You can only unlock the remote stations from the AP24/AP28 unit in
command.
Using the autopilot in an EVC system
When the Vulcan is connected to an EVC system via the SG05, you
can take manual control of the steering regardless of the autopilot
mode.
The mode indicator on the pilot pop-up is replaced by a dash to
indicate EVC override.
The system returns to Vulcan control in standby mode if no rudder
command is given from the EVC system within a predefined period.
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Autopilot settings
Chart compass
You can select to show a compass symbol around your boat on the
chart panel. The compass symbol is off when the cursor is active on
the panel.
Locking autopilot operation from a unit
You can lock a Vulcan unit to prevent unauthorized operation of the
autopilot. When the unit is locked this is indicated with a lock
symbol and with text in the pop-up. No automatic modes can be
selected from a locked unit.
Ú
Note: The lock function is not available on a unit which has
autopilot control!
If the Vulcan is part of an AP24/AP28 system, all other autopilot
control units can be locked for autopilot control from the AP24/
AP28 control unit.
Sea state filter
The Seastate filter is used to reduce rudder activity and autopilot
sensitivity in rough weather. Setting options are:
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•
•
•
OFF
Seastate filter is disabled. This is the default setting.
AUTO
Reduces rudder activity and autopilot sensitivity in rough
weather by an adaptive process. The AUTO setting is
recommended if you want to use the seastate filter.
MANUAL
Linked to the steering response control settings described
previously. It may be used to manually find the optimum
combination of course keeping and low rudder activity in rough
but steady sea conditions.
Sailing parameters
Ú
Note: Sailing parameter settings are only available if the
boat type is set to Sail in the Autopilot Commissioning
dialog.
Tack time
When performing a tack in WIND mode, the rate of turn (tack time)
can be adjusted. This gives single-handed sailors time to handle the
boat and the sails during a tack.
A turn performed without shifting wind side, is also made at a
controlled turn rate.
Tack angle
This value is used to preset the course change used when tacking in
AUTO mode. By pressing the port and starboard indicators in the
autopilot pop-up the course changes as much as this value.
Wind function
With wind function set to AUTO, the autopilot automatically selects
between apparent and true wind steering. AUTO is default and
recommended for cruising.
When the boat is running, it is also surfing on the waves. This may
lead to significant changes in boat speed, and thereby also changes
in apparent wind angle. True wind steering is therefore used when
running, while steering to apparent wind is used when beating or
reaching.
Apparent wind steering is preferred when you want to achieve
maximum boat speed. The autopilot tries to maintain a constant
apparent wind angle to get maximum thrust from a given trim of
the sails.
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When sailing in closed waters, the apparent wind angle may change
temporarily due to wind gusts. It may then be preferred to sail to
the true wind.
VMG optimizing
You can optimize the VMG to wind. When selected, the function is
active for 5–10 minutes after a new wind angle has been set and
only when beating.
Layline steering
Layline steering is useful when navigating. Cross Track Error (XTE)
from the navigator keeps the boat on the track line. If the XTE from
the navigator exceeds 0.15 NM, the autopilot calculates the layline
and track towards the waypoint.
Response
By default the system switches between HI/LO parameter set based
on speed (motor boats) or speed and wind (sail boats). You can
however manually select which parameter set that shall be used.
HI or LO must be selected if no speed input is available.
You can manually fine tune each of the two (HI/LO) parameter sets.
Level 4 is default with parameter values as set by the autotune
function. If no autotune is made (not recommended) the level 4
values are the factory default values.
A low response level reduces the rudder activity and provides a
more “loose” steering.
A high response level increases the rudder activity and provides a
more “tight” steering. A too high response level causes the boat to
start lazy-s movements.
Automatic steering
This option displays an overview of all autopilot steering
parameters, and you can adjust parameters if required.
For more details, refer to the separate Vulcan Installation manual.
Installation
Used for autopilot installation and commissioning. See the separate
Vulcan Installation manual.
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Echosounder
The Echosounder function provides a view of the water and bottom
beneath your vessel, allowing you to detect fish and examine the
structure of the sea floor.
The Echosounder image
1
Depth
2
Temperature
3
Frequency and Zoom scale
4
Bottom
5
Zoom buttons
6
Depth Range scale
7
Instrument panel
8
Zoom column
9
Fish arches
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Using the cursor on the Echosounder panel
The cursor can be used to measure a distance to a target, to mark a
position, and to select targets.
By default, the cursor is not shown on the Echosounder image.
When you position the cursor on the Echosounder image; the
screen pauses, the depth at the cursor position is shown, and the
information window is activated.
To remove the cursor and cursor elements from the panel, select
the Clear cursor menu option.
GoTo cursor
You can navigate to a selected position on the image by positioning
the cursor on the panel, then using the Goto Cursor option in the
menu.
The Cursor assist function
The cursor assist function allows for fine tuning and precision
placement of the cursor without covering details with your finger.
Press and hold your finger on the screen to switch the cursor
symbol to a selection circle, appearing above your finger.
Without removing your finger from the screen, drag the selection
circle over the desired item to display item information.
When you remove your finger from the screen the cursor reverts to
normal cursor operation.
Measuring distance
The cursor can be used to measure the distance between the
position of two observations on the image.
It is easier to use the measuring function when the image is paused.
1. Position the cursor on the point from where you want to
measure the distance
2. Start the measuring function from the menu
3. Position the cursor on the second measuring point
- A line is drawn between the measuring points, and the
distance is listed in the Information window
4. Continue selecting new measuring points if required
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You can use the menu to re-position the start point and the end
point as long as the measuring function is active.
When you select Finish measuring, the image resumes to normal
scrolling.
Viewing Echosounder history
You can view echosounder history by panning the image.
Setting up the Echosounder image
Use the Echosounder menu options to set up the image. When the
cursor is active, some options on the Echosounder menu are
replaced with cursor mode features. Select Clear cursor to return
to the normal Echosounder menu.
The range
The range setting determines the water depth that is visible on the
screen.
Auto range
By default, the range is set to Auto. With Auto, the system
automatically displays the whole range from the water surface to
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the bottom. Auto is the preferred setting for most fish finding sonar
use.
Preset range levels
Allows for the selection of a specific depth range that is not tied to
the depth of the water.
Custom range
This option allows you to manually set both upper and lower range
limits.
Ú
Note: Setting a custom range puts the sonar in manual
mode. If the bottom is well beyond the lower range set,
you may lose digital depth.
Echosounder frequency
The Vulcan unit supports several transducer frequencies. Available
frequencies depend on the transducer model that is connected.
You can view two frequencies at the same time by selecting dual
Echosounder panels from the Home page.
Log sonar
Select to start and stop recording of Echosounder data. For more
information, refer to "Recording log data" on page 83.
Gain
The gain controls the sensitivity of the Echosounder. The more you
increase the gain, the more details are shown on the image.
However, a higher gain setting may introduce more background
clutter on the image. If the gain is set too low, weak echoes might
not be displayed.
Auto gain
The Auto gain option keeps the sensitivity at a level that works well
under most conditions. With the gain in auto mode, you can set a
positive or negative offset that gets applied to the auto gain.
Color
Strong and weak Echosounder signals have different colors to
indicate the different signal strengths. The colors used depend on
which palette you select. The more you increase the Color setting,
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the more echoes is displayed in the color at the strong return end of
the scale.
Palettes
You can select between several display palettes optimized for a
variety of fishing conditions.
DownScan options
Provides options for specifying the DownScan image. This menu
option is available when Overlay downscan is selected in Echo
settings dialog. For more information see "Echosounder settings" on page
85.
Pausing the Echosounder
You can pause the Echosounder, allowing you to examine the
Echosounder echoes.
This function is useful when you need to position a waypoint
exactly on the Echosounder panel, and if you are using the cursor to
measure a distance between 2 elements on the image.
Recording log data
You can record data and save the file internally in the unit, or save it
onto a card inserted into the unit's card reader. Select the Log sonar
menu option, and then Record in the Record Echo dialog.
When the Echosounder data is being recorded, there is a flashing
red symbol in the top left corner and a message appears
periodically at the bottom of the screen.
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Filename
Specify the name of the recording (log).
File format
Select a file format from the drop-down, slg (Echosounder only), xtf
(DownScan only*), or sl2 (Echosounder and DownScan).
Ú
Note: XTF format is for use only with select 3rd party
Echosounder viewing tools.
Save to
Select whether the recording is to be saved internally or to a
memory card in the card reader.
Time remaining
Shows the remaining allocated space available for recordings.
Viewing the recorded sounder data
Both internally and externally stored sounder records may be
reviewed when selected.
The log file is displayed as a paused image, and you control the
scrolling and display from the replay menu option.
You can use the cursor on the replay image, and pan the image as
on a normal echo image.
If more than one channel was recorded in the selected echo file,
you can select which channel to display.
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Stop recording log data
Select the Log sonar menu option, and then Stop in the Recording
Echo dialog to stop the recording of Echosounder data.
Echosounder settings
Overlay downscan
When a HDI transducer with DownScan is connected to your
system, you can overlay DownScan images on the regular
Echosounder image.
When activated, the Echosounder menu expands to include basic
DownScan options.
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View Echosounder log
Used to view Echosounder recordings. The log file is displayed as a
paused image, and you control the scrolling and display from the
menu.
You can use the cursor on the image, measure distance, and set
view options as on a live Echosounder image. If more than one
channel was recorded in the selected Echosounder file, you can
select which channel to display.
You exit the view function by selecting the X in the upper right
corner.
Installation
Used for installation and setup. See the separate Vulcan Installation
manual.
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DownScan
DownScan provides detailed images of structure directly below
your boat, down to 92 m (300 ft). The DownScan page is accessed
from the Home page when the DownScan transducer is connected.
The DownScan image
1
Depth
2
Temperature
3
Frequency
4
Zoom buttons
5
Range scale
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Zooming the DownScan image
You can zoom a DownScan image by using the panel zoom icons.
Using the cursor on the DownScan panel
By default, the cursor is not shown on the DownScan image.
When you tap the screen the cursor appears, the information
window is activated, the depth is shown at the cursor position, and
the image stops scrolling.
To remove the cursor and cursor elements from the panel, select
the Clear cursor option.
GoTo cursor
You can navigate to a selected position on the image by positioning
the cursor on the panel, then using the Goto Cursor option in the
menu.
Measuring distance
The cursor can be used to measure the distance between the
position of two observations on the image.
It is easier to use the measuring function when the image is paused.
1. Position the cursor on the point from where you want to
measure the distance
2. Start the measuring function from the menu
3. Position the cursor on the second measuring point
- A line is drawn between the measuring points, and the
distance is listed in the Information window
4. Continue selecting new measuring points if required
You can use the menu to re-position the start point and the end
point as long as the measuring function is active.
When you select Finish measuring, the image resumes to normal
scrolling.
Viewing DownScan history
You can pan the image history by dragging the image to the left
and right.
To resume normal DownScan scrolling, select the Clear cursor
option.
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Setting up the DownScan image
Use the DownScan menu to set up the image. When the cursor is
active, some options in the menu are replaced with cursor mode
features. Select Clear cursor to return to the normal menu.
Range
The range setting determines the water depth that is visible on the
image.
Auto range
By default, the range is set to Auto. With Auto, the system
automatically displays the whole range from the water surface to
the bottom.
Preset range levels
Allows for the selection of a specific depth range that is not tied to
the depth of the water.
Frequency
DownScan can be used at 800 kHz or 455 kHz. 800 kHz provides the
highest resolution with less range. 455 kHz has the best range, but
with lower resolution.
Contrast
The contrast determines the brightness ratio between light and
dark areas of the screen. This makes it easier to distinguish object
from the background.
Drag the bar up or down to get the desired contrast setting or
select Auto contrast.
Palettes
You can select between several display palettes optimized for a
variety of fishing conditions.
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Record DownScan data
You can record DownScan data and save the file internally in the
unit, or onto a memory card in the card reader slot as described in
"Recording log data" on page 83.
Pausing the DownScan image
You can pause the DownScan image, allowing you to examine the
structures and other images in more detail.
This function is useful when you need to position a waypoint
precisely on the DownScan image, and if you are using the cursor to
measure a distance between 2 elements on the image.
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AIS
If an NAIS400, an AI50 or an NMEA 2000 VHF that can do AIS
(Automatic Identification System) is connected to the network, then
any targets detected by these devices can be displayed and tracked.
You can also see messages and position for DSC transmitting
devices within range.
AIS targets can be displayed as overlay on chart images, making this
feature an important tool for safe travelling and collision avoidance.
You can set alarms to notify you if an AIS target gets too close or if
the target is lost.
AIS target symbols
The system uses the AIS target symbols shown below:
Symbol
Description
Sleeping AIS target (not moving or at anchor).
Moving and safe AIS target with course extension
line.
Dangerous AIS target, illustrated with bold line.
A target is defined as dangerous based on the
CPA and TCPA settings. Refer to "Defining dangerous
vessels" on page 98.
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Symbol
Description
Lost AIS target.
When no signals have been received within a
time limit, a target is defined as lost.
The target symbol represents the last valid
position of the target before the reception of
data was lost.
Selected AIS target, activated by selecting a
target symbol.
The target returns to the default target symbol
when the cursor is removed from the symbol.
Viewing information about AIS targets
Searching for AIS items
You can search for AIS targets by using the Find option in the Tools
panel.
From a chart panel you can search for AIS targets by using the Find
option in the menu. If the cursor is active, the system searches for
vessels around the cursor position. Without an active cursor, the
system searches for vessels around your vessel's position.
Viewing information about single AIS targets
When you select an AIS icon on the chart panel the symbol changes
to Selected target symbol, and the vessel's name is displayed.
You can display detailed information for a target by selecting the
AIS pop-up, or from the menu when the target is selected.
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Calling an AIS vessel
If the system includes a VHF radio supporting DSC (Digital Select
Calling) calls over NMEA 2000, you can initiate a DSC call to other
vessels from the Vulcan.
The call option is available in the AIS Vessel Details dialog, and in
the Vessel status dialog activated from the Tools panel.
From the Call dialog you can change channel or cancel the call. The
Call dialog is closed when the connection is established.
AIS SART
When an AIS SART (Search and Rescue beacon) is activated, it starts
transmitting its position and identification data. This data is received
by your AIS device.
If your AIS receiver is not compliant with AIS SART, it interprets the
received AIS SART data as a signal from a standard AIS transmitter.
An icon is positioned on the chart, but this icon is an AIS vessel icon.
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If your AIS receiver is compliant with AIS SART, the following takes
place when AIS SART data is received:
• An AIS SART icon is located on the chart in the position received
from the AIS SART
• An alarm message is displayed
If you have enabled the siren, the alarm message is followed by an
audible alarm.
Ú
Note: The icon is green if the received AIS SART data is a
test and not an active message.
AIS SART alarm message
When data is received from an AIS SART, an alarm message is
displayed. This message includes the AIS SART’s unique MMSI
number, and its position, distance, and bearing from your vessel.
You have three options:
1. Ignore the alarm
- The alarm is muted and the message closed. The alarm does
not reappear
2. Save the waypoint
- The waypoint is saved to your waypoint list. This waypoint
name is prefixed with MOB AIS SART - followed by the unique
MMSI number of the SART. For example, MOB AIS SART 12345678.
3. Activate the MOB function
- The display switches to a zoomed chart panel, centered on
the AIS SART position
- The system creates an active route to the AIS SART position
When data is received from an AIS SART, an alarm message is
displayed. This message includes the AIS SART’s unique MMSI
number, its position and its distance and bearing from your vessels.
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If you select the AIS SART icon on the chart panel, then you can see
the AIS MOB details.
Ú
Note: If the MOB function is already active, this will be
terminated and replaced by the new route towards the AIS
SART position!
Ú
Note: If you ignore the alarm, the AIS SART icon remains
visible on your chart, and the AIS SART remains in the
Vessels list.
Ú
Note: If the AIS stops receiving the AIS SART message, the
AIS SART remains in the Vessels list for 10 minutes after it
receives the last signal.
Vessel alarms
You can define several alarms to alert you if a target shows up
within predefined range limits, or if a previously identified target is
lost.
Dangerous vessel
Controls whether an alarm will be activated when a vessel comes
within the predefined CPA or TCPA. Refer to "Defining dangerous vessels"
on page 98.
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AIS vessel lost
Sets the range for lost vessels. If a vessel is lost within the set range,
an alarm occurs.
Ú
Note: The check box controls whether the alarm pop-up
box is displayed and if the siren goes on. The CPA and TCPA
define when a vessel is dangerous regardless of the
enabled or disabled state.
Vessel message
Controls whether an alarm will be activated when a message is
received from an AIS target.
Vessel settings
Your vessel’s MMSI number
You need to have your own MMSI (Maritime Mobile Service Identity)
number entered in the system to receive addressed messages from
AIS and DSC vessels.
It is also important to have the MMSI number entered to avoid
seeing your own vessel as an AIS target on the chart.
Ú
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Note: The Vessel message option in the alarm settings
must be toggled on for any MMSI message to be displayed.
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Icon filters
By default, all targets are shown on the panel if an AIS device is
connected to the system.
You can select not to show any targets, or to filter the icons based
on security settings, distance, and vessel speed.
Extension lines
The length of the extension lines for your vessel and for other
vessels can be set by the user.
• A: Heading
• B: Course Over Ground (COG)
The length of the extension lines is either set as a fixed distance, or
to indicate the distance the vessel will move in the selected time
period. If no options are turned on for This vessel then no
extension lines are shown for your vessel.
Your own vessel heading information is read from the active
heading sensor, and COG information is received from the active
GPS.
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For other vessels COG data is included in the message received
from the AIS system.
Defining dangerous vessels
You can define an invisible guard zone around your vessel. When a
target comes within this distance, the symbol changes to the
“dangerous” target symbol. An alarm is triggered if activated in the
Alarm settings panel.
Speed and course indication
The extension line can be used to indicate speed and course for
targets, either as absolute (true) motion in the chart or relative to
your vessel.
A different line style is used on the extension lines to indicate
motion, as shown below.
AIS vessels shown with Absolute motion
AIS vessels shown with Relative motion
AIS icon orientation
Sets the orientation of the AIS icon, either based on heading or COG
information.
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Instrument panels
The Instruments panels consist of multiple gauges - analog, digital
and bar - that can be customized to display selected data. The
Instruments panel displays data on dashboards, and you can define
up to ten dashboards within the Instruments panel.
Ú
Note: To include fuel/engine information, engine and tank
information has to be configured from the Settings panel.
Dashboards
A set of dashboard styles are predefined to display vessel,
navigation, and angler information.
You switch between the panel’s dashboards by selecting the left
and right arrow buttons on the panel. You can also select the
dashboard from the menu.
Vessel dashboard
Ú
Navigation dashboard
Angler dashboard
Note: Additional dashboards can be activated from the
menu if other systems (e.g. CZone) are present on the
network.
Customizing the Instruments panel
You can customize the Instruments panel by changing the data for
each of the gauges in the dashboard, by changing the dashboard
layout, and by adding new dashboards. You can also set limits for
analog gauges.
All edit options are available from the Instruments panel menu.
Available editing options depends on which data sources are
connected to your system.
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Edit a dashboard
Activate the dashboard you want to edit, then:
1. Activate the menu.
2. Select the edit option.
3. Select the gauge you want to change. Selected gauge is
indicated with a blue background.
4. Select information to be displayed, configure limits, and
eventually change the source for the information.
5. Save your changes by selecting the save option in the menu.
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Audio
If a SonicHub server or a FUSION marine entertainment system is
connected to the NMEA 2000 network, you can use the Vulcan to
control and customize the audio system on your vessel.
Before you can start using your audio equipment, it must be
installed according to the Vulcan Installation manual and to the
documentation included with the audio device.
Enabling audio
A compatible audio device connected to the NMEA 2000 network
should automatically be identified by the system. If not, enable the
feature from the Advanced Settings dialog.
The Audio panel
You activate the audio panel by activating the audio tile in the
Instrument bar.
The control buttons, tools and options vary from one audio source
to another as described later in this chapter.
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1
Audio source
2
Audio control buttons
3
Audio tile
4
Audio tools
Audio control buttons
Icon
Tuner
VHF
DVD
Playback
Select to display the list of available sources
Select to select previous/
Select to
next frequency
rewind/play
Press and hold to tune in
fast forward
a channel
Select to select next/
previous favorite channel
102
Select to
select
previous/
next track
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Select to start
N/A
N/A
Select to pause playback
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Icon
Tuner
VHF
DVD
Playback
Select to display the volume slider
Audio tools
Icon
Tuner
Signal strength
N/A
N/A
VHF
Playback
N/A
N/A
N/A
Select to
toggle on/off
repeat
function. The
icon is colored
when the
function is
active.
N/A
Select to
toggle on/off
shuffle mode.
The icon is
colored when
the function is
active.
Select to display menus used for setting up zones
and master control
Select to
display the
favorite
stations for the
tuner
Select to
display the
favorite
channels for
the VHF
Select to
display the
native menu
for active
source
Select to display optional settings for active
source
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Setting up the audio system
The speakers
Speaker zones
The Vulcan can be set up to control different audio zones. The
number of zones depends on the audio server connected to your
system.
You can adjust balance, volume and volume limit settings
individually for each zone. Adjustments to the bass and tremble
settings will alter all zones.
Master volume control
By default the volume for all speaker zones are adjusted when you
adjust the volume. You can define which zones will be altered when
you increase/decrease the volume.
Selecting tuner region
Before playing FM or AM radio, and using a VHF radio, you must
select the appropriate region for your location.
Detaching Sirius from the AUX source
If a Sirius radio is connected to the FUSION radio/server, the AUX
source is automatically attached to the Sirius feed. Sirius then
appears in the source list when the FUSION server is active.
To use the AUX source for a different device, the Sirius must be
detached from the AUX source.
Ú
Note: To use SiriusXM, an optional SiriusXM tuner must be
connected to the FUSION server.
Operating the audio system
1. Select the Audio tile in the Instrument bar to activate the Audio
overlay
2. Select the options icon and then select the audio server
3. Select the source icon and then select the audio source
- Number of sources depends on the active audio server
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4. Use the panel buttons to control your audio system
For an overview of audio control buttons and tools, refer to "Audio
control buttons" on page 102 and "Audio Tools" on page 103.
For available options, refer to the documentation following your
audio equipment.
Favorite channels
When a tuner or VHF channel is tuned in, you can add the channel
to your favorite list. The favorite channels can be viewed, selected
and deleted from within the Favorite list.
You page through favorite channels by using the up/down audio
panel buttons.
Sirius radio (North America only)
Channels list
The channels list displays all available Sirius channels, whether or
not you have a subscription for the channel.
Favorites list
You can create a list of your favorite Sirius channels from within the
channels list. You cannot add unsubscribed channels.
Locking channels
You can lock selected Sirius channels from being broadcasted. A 4digit-code must be entered to lock channels and the same code
entered to unlock the channels.
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15
Alarms
Alarm system
The system continuously checks for dangerous situations and
system faults while the system is running. When an alarm situation
occurs, an alarm message pops up on the screen.
If you have enabled the siren, the alarm message is followed by an
audible alarm, and the switch for external alarm becomes active.
The alarm is recorded in the alarm listing so that you can see the
details and take the appropriate corrective action.
Type of messages
The messages are classified according to how the reported situation
affects your vessel. The following color codes are used:
Color
Importance
Red
Critical
Orange
Important
Yellow
Standard
Blue
Warning
Green
Light warning
Single alarms
A single alarm is displayed with the name of the alarm as the title,
and with details for the alarm.
Multiple alarms
If more than one alarm is activated simultaneously, then the alarm
message displays a list of up to 3 alarms. The alarms are listed in the
order they occur with the alarm activated first at the top. The
remaining alarms are available in the Alarms dialog.
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Acknowledging a message
The following options are available in the alarm dialog for
acknowledging a message:
• Close
Sets the alarm state to acknowledged, meaning that you are
aware of the alarm condition. The siren / buzzer stops and the
alarm dialog is removed.
However, the alarm remains active in the alarm listing until the
reason for the alarm has been removed.
• Disable
Disables the current alarm setting. The alarm does not show
again unless you turn it back on in the Alarms dialog.
There is no time-out on the alarm message or siren. They remain
until you acknowledge the alarm or until the reason for the alarm is
removed.
Alarms dialog
All alarms are setup in the Alarms Settings dialog.
The alarm dialogs can also be activated from the Tools panel. The
alarm dialogs include information about active alarms and alarm
history.
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Tools
By default, the Tools panel includes icons used for accessing options
and tools that are not specific to any panel.
When external equipment is integrated to the Vulcan, new icons
might be added to the Tools panel. These icons are used for
accessing the external equipment's features.
Waypoints/routes/tracks
List of waypoints, routes, and tracks with details.
Select the waypoint, route, or track you wish to edit or delete.
Tides
Displays tide information for the tide station nearest to your vessel.
Select the arrow panel buttons to change the date, or select the
date field to access the calendar function.
Available tide stations can be selected from the menu.
Alarms
Active alarms
List of active alarms.
Alarm history
List of all alarms with time stamp.
Alarm settings
List of all available alarm options in the system, with current
settings.
Settings
Provides access to application and system settings.
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Vessels
Status listing
List of all AIS and DSC vessels with available information.
Message listing
List of all messages received from other AIS vessels with time stamp.
Sun, Moon
Displays sunrise, sunset, moonrise and moonset for a position based
on entered date and the position’s latitude/longitude.
Trip calculator
Trip 1 / Trip 2
Displays voyage and engine information, with reset option for all
data fields.
Today
Displays voyage and engine information for current date. All data
fields are automatically reset when the date changes.
Files
File management system for Files, Waypoints, Routes, Tracks, and
Settings.
Copying files to a card in the card reader
You can copy screen captures and logs to a card in the card reader.
You can also export System Settings, Waypoints, Routes, and Tracks
to a card. Exporting files is covered in the section "Maintenance" on
page 114.
Find
Search function for chart items (waypoints, routes, tracks, etc.).
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Simulator
The simulation feature lets you see how the unit works in a
stationary position and without being connected to the
Echosounder, GPS, etc.
Use the simulator to become familiar with your unit before using it
on the water.
The status bar indicates if the simulator is toggled on.
Demo mode
In this mode the unit automatically runs through the main features
of the product; it changes pages automatically, adjusts settings,
opens menus, and so on.
If you tap on the touchscreen when demo mode is running, the
demonstration pauses. After a time-out period, demo mode
resumes and any changed settings are restored to default.
Ú
Note: Demo mode is designed for retail/showroom
demonstrations.
Simulator source files
You can select which data files are used by the simulator. A set of
source files is included in your system, and you can import files by
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using a card inserted into the card reader. You can also use your
own recorded files in the simulator.
Advanced simulator settings
The Advanced simulator settings allows for manually controlling the
simulator.
GPS source
Selects where the GPS data is generated from.
Speed, Course and Route
Used for manually entering values when GPS source is set to
Simulated course or Simulated route. Otherwise, GPS data including
speed and course come from the selected source file.
Set start position
Moves your vessel to the current cursor position.
Ú
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Note: This option is only available when the GPS source is
set to Simulated course.
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Sailing
Opens dialog for selecting sail specific simulator data.
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18
Maintenance
Preventive maintenance
The Vulcan does not contain any field serviceable components,
therefore the operator is required to perform only a very limited
amount of preventative maintenance.
Cleaning the display unit
A proper cleaning cloth should be used to clean the screen, where
possible. Use plenty of water to dissolve and take away salt remains.
Crystalized salt may scratch the coating if using a damp cloth. Apply
minimal pressure to the screen.
Where marks on the screen cannot be removed by the cloth alone,
use a 50/50 mixture of warm water and isopropyl alcohol to clean
the screen. Avoid any contact with solvents (acetone, mineral
turpentine, etc.), or ammonia based cleaning products, as they may
damage the anti-glare layer or plastic bezel.
To prevent UV damage to the plastic bezel, it is recommended that
the sun cover be fitted when the unit is not in use for an extended
period.
Cleaning the media port door
Clean the media port door regularly to avoid salt crystallization on
the surface, causing water to leak into the card slot.
Checking the connectors
The connectors should be checked by visual inspection only.
Push the connector plugs into the connector. If the connector plugs
are equipped with a lock, ensure that it is in the correct position.
Software upgrades
The latest software for the Vulcan is available for download from our
website, bandg.com.
Detailed instructions for how to install the software are included in
the upgrade files.
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Backing up your system data
Waypoints, Routes, and Tracks that you create are filed in your
system. It is recommended to regularly copy these files and your
system settings files as part of your back-up routine. The files can be
copied to a card inserted in the card reader.
There are no export file format options for the system settings file.
The following output formats are available for exporting Waypoints,
Routes, and Tracks files:
• User Data File version 5
This is used to import and export waypoints and routes with a
standardized universally unique identifier (UUID), which is very
reliable and easy to use. The data includes such information as
the time and date when a route was created, and so on.
• User Data File version 4
This is best used when transferring data from one system to
another, since it contains all the extra bits of information these
systems store about items.
• User Data file version 3 (w/depth)
Should be used when transferring user data from one system to
a legacy product (Lowrance LMS, LCX, and so on.)
• User data file version 2 (no depth)
Can be used when transferring user data from one system to a
legacy product (Lowrance LMS, LCX, and so on.)
• GPX (GPS Exchange, no depth)
This is the format most used on the web that shares among
most GPS systems in the world. Use this format if you are taking
data to a competitors unit.
• Northstar.dat (no Tracks)
Used to transfer data to a legacy Northstar device.
Maintenance| Vulcan Operator Manual
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115
Export all Waypoints, Routes and Tracks
Use the export option if you want to backup all Waypoints, Routes,
and Tracks on your system.
Export region
The export region option allows you to select the area from where
you want to export data.
1. Drag the boundary box to define the desired region
2. Select the export option from the menu
3. Select the appropriate file format
4. Select Export to start the export
Purging Waypoints, Routes and Tracks
Deleted Waypoints, Routes and Tracks are stored in the Vulcan
memory until the data is purged. If you have numerous deleted,
unpurged Waypoints, purging may improve the performance of
your system.
Ú
116
Note: When user data is purged from the memory, it
cannot be recovered.
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19
Touchscreen operation
Basic touchscreen operation on the different panels is shown in the
table below.
The panel sections in this manual have more information about
panel specific touchscreen operation.
Icon
Description
Tap to:
• Activate a panel on a multi-panel page
• Position the cursor on a panel
• Select a menu and a dialog item
• Toggle a checkbox option on or off
• Show basic information for a selected item
Press and hold:
On any panel with a cursor to activate the
cursor assist feature
• On a panel button to see available split screen
options
• On a favorite button to enter edit mode
•
Scroll through a list of available options without
activating any option.
Flick to quickly scroll through e.g. the waypoint list.
Tap the screen to stop the scrolling.
Pan to position a chart or Echosounder image on
the panel.
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117
Icon
Description
Pinch to zoom out on the chart or on an image.
Spread to zoom in on the chart or on an image.
118
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Index
A
Active panel 20
Adjusting panel size 24
AIS 91
Calling a vessel 93
DSC 93
Icon filters 97
Icon orientation 98
Searching for AIS items 92
Target symbols 91
Viewing information about
targets 92
AIS SART 93
Alarm message 94
Alarms
Acknowledging 107
Alarm settings dialog 107
Multiple alarms 106
Single alarm 106
Type of messages 106
Application pages 14
Arrival alarm 56
Arrival radius 55
Audio 101
Control buttons 102
Detaching Sirius 104
Enable 101
Favorite channels 105
Master volume control 104
Operating 104
Selecting tuner region 104
Setting up the system 104
Sirius radio 105
Speaker zones 104
Speakers 104
Audio
Panel 101
Audio tools 103
Autopilot 61
Activating 61
AP24/28 systems 75
AUTO mode 66
Autopilot pop-up 62
Autopilot tile in Instrument
bar 63
Chart compass 76
Depth contour tracking 73
Dodging 67
EVC system 75
Follow-up steering 65
Gybing 70
HI/LO parameters 78
Indication in Status bar 62
Indication on pages 62
Locking remote stations 75
Mode overview 64
Non-Follow up mode 65
Panel 63
Panel data fields 64
Response 78
Sailing parameters 77
Sea state filter 76
Settings 76
Standby (STBY) mode 65
Switching to manual
steering 61
Tacking in AUTO mode 66
Tacking in WIND mode 70
Turn pattern steering 72
Waypoint arrival circle 68
WIND mode 69
WIND Nav mode 71
Autorouting 47
Entire route 47, 48
Example 48
Selection 47, 48
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B
Backing up your system
data 115
C
Card
Copying files to 110
Charts 27
3D charts 32
Chart compass 76
Chart data 28
Chart detail 33
Chart panel 27
Chart scale 29
Course up 30
Creating routes 31
Embedded cartography 28
Find chart objects 31
Insight 33
Chart categories 34
Exaggeration 34
Imagery style 33
Jeppesen
Tides and currents 39
Look ahead 30
Measuring distance 22
Navionics 34, 35, 36
Annotation 35
Chart details 35
Chart shading 36
Colored seabed
areas 35
Community edits 34
Contours depth 35
Depth highlight
range 38
Dynamic tides and
currents 36
Easy view 37
Fish N' Chip 38
Presentation type 35
Rock filter 35
Safety depth 35
Shallow water
highlight 38
Orientation 30
Panning 29
Photo overlay,
Navionics 37
Photo transparency,
Navionics 37
Positioning the vessel on the
chart panel 30
Selecting chart type 29
Settings 40
Symbol 30
Using the cursor 31
Vessel symbol 29
Zooming 29
Chart
Heading up 30
North up 30
Color 82
Contrast, SpotlightScan 89
Converting tracks to
routes 49
Coordinate system 56
Copying files to a card 110
Cursor 21
Cursor assist 21, 80
Customizing your system 24
CZone 16
D
Dangerous vessels 98
Dashboards 99
Datum 56
DCT 73
Demo mode 111
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Dialog boxes 20
Display illumination 19
DownScan image 87
DownScan
Pausing the image 90
Range 89
Record 90
Using the cursor 88
View history 88
E
Easy Routing 47
Example 48
Echosounder 79
Image 79
Pausing 83
Recording log data 83
Using the cursor 80
View history 81
Export region 116
Extension lines 97
F
Favorite pages 15
Adding new 25
Edit 26
Files to a card, copying 110
Files, management 110
Find items tool 110
First time startup 19
Frequency 82
FUSION-Link 101
G
Gain 82
Go to cursor 21, 80, 88
GoFree wireless 17
Great circle 55
H
Home page 13
Home page background 24
I
Illumination 19
Improving system
performance 116
Instrument bar 26
Edit the content 26
Setting the appearance 26
Turning on/off 26
Instrument panels 99
Customizing 99
Edit the dashboard 100
Integration of 3rd party
devices 16
L
Locking the touchscreen 19
Log data
Recording 83
Stop recording 85
Log sonar 82
M
Magnetic variation 56
Man Overboard
Cancel navigation to
MOB 23
Creating a MOB 22
Delete a MOB waypoint 23
Manual
About 5
Version 5
Manuals, viewing 6
Measuring distance 22, 80,
88
Menus 20
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MMSI number 96
N
Navigate 53
Arrival alarm 56
Arrival radius 55
Datum 56
Methods 55
Great circle 55
Rhumb lines 55
Routes 53
To cursor position 53
With autopilot 54
Navigation settings 55
O
Operation
Touch 117
Overlay downscan 85
P
Pages
Selecting a page 20
Selecting active panel 20
Palettes 83, 89
Panels
Adjusting panel size 24
PDF, viewing files 6
Phantom Loran 56
Settings 56
Preventive maintenance 114
Purging 116
R
Range 81
Record
DownScan data 90
Recording
Log data 83
Rhumb lines 55
Routes 46
Autorouting 47
Converting tracks to
routes 49
Creating a new route on the
chart panel 46
Creating a route from
existing waypoints 49
Delete 47
Edit in chart panel 46
Edit Route dialog 50
Navigate 53
Routes
Dialog 52
S
Sail Steer
Data fields 58
Panel 57
Sail time calculations 58
Saving waypoints 44
Screen capture 23
Settings
Autopilot 76
Tools 109
Simulator 111
Demo mode 111
Source files 111
Sirius radio 105
Channels list 105
Favorite list 105
Locking channels 105
SL2 format 84
SLG format 84
Software upgrade 114
Software version 7
SonicHub 101
Speaker zones 104
Speakers 104
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Speed and course
indication 98
Split pages 15
Pre-configured 15
SpotlightScan
Contrast 89
Standby mode 19
Stop recording log data 85
System Controls dialog 18
System Settings
Coordinate system 56
Datum 56
Magnetic variation 56
T
Time plot panel 59
Missing data 59
Time plots 59
Selecting data 59
Tools 109
Tools
Files 110
Find items 110
Settings 109
Touch
Operation 117
Touchscreen
Locking 19
Tracks
Creating new 50
Settings 51
Turn pattern steering
Autopilot 72
Turning the unit on and
off 18
W
Wallpaper, customizing 24
Warranty 4
Waypoints 44
Alarm settings 45
Delete 45
Dialog 52
Edit 45
Moving 44
Saving 44
Waypoints, routes and tracks
Export 116
Wind plot panel 60
Wind plots 59
Wireless 17
X
XTE limit 55
xtf format 84
Z
ZC1 17
V
Vessel alarms 95
Vessel settings 96
View Echosounder log 86
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