SATA-Disk Module 5A - SDM5A 22P/90D Product Specifications

RoHS Recast Compliant
SATA-Disk Module 5A
SDM5A 22P/90D Product Specifications
January 6, 2016
Version 0.1
Apacer Technology Inc.
1F, No.32, Zhongcheng Rd., Tucheng Dist., New Taipei City, Taiwan, R.O.C
Tel: +886-2-2267-8000
www.apacer.com
Fax: +886-2-2267-2261
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
Features:

Standard Serial ATA Revision 3.1
– SATA 6.0 Gbps interface
– ATA-8 command set
– Backward compatible with SATA 1.5/3.0
Gbps
– ATA/ATAPI commands supported

Capacity
– 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 GB

Performance*
– Burst read/write: 600 MB/sec
– Sustained read: up to 65 MB/sec
– Sustained write: up to 105 MB/sec

Flash Management
– Built-in hardware ECC
– Static/dynamic wear-leveling
– Flash bad-block management
– S.M.A.R.T.
– Power failure management
– ATA secure erase
– TRIM

NAND Flash Type: SLC

MTBF: >2,000,000 hours

Temperature Range
– Operating:
Standard: 0°C to 70°C
Extended: -40°C to 85°C
– Storage: -40°C to 100°C

Supply Voltage
– 5.0 V ± 5%

Power Consumption*
– Active mode: 205 mA
– Idle mode: 85 mA

Connector Type
– 7-pin SATA signal connector
– 15-pin SATA power connector

Form Factor
– SATA Disk Module

Shock & Vibration**
– Shock:1,500 G
– Vibration: 15 G

RoHS Recast Compliant
– Complies with 2011/65/EU standard
*Varies from capacities. The values for performances and power consumptions presented are typical and may vary depending on flash configurations
or platform settings. The term idle refers to the standby state of the device.
**Non-operating
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
Table of Contents
1. General Description .............................................................................. 3
2. Functional Block Diagram .................................................................... 3
3. Pin Assignments .................................................................................... 4
4. Product Specifications.......................................................................... 6
4.1 Capacity ............................................................................................................................................... 6
4.2 Performance ........................................................................................................................................ 6
4.3 Environmental Specifications .............................................................................................................. 7
4.4 Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) ................................................................................................ 7
4.5 Certification and Compliance .............................................................................................................. 7
5. Flash Management ................................................................................ 8
5.1 Error Correction/Detection ................................................................................................................... 8
5.2 Bad Block Management ...................................................................................................................... 8
5.3 Wear Leveling ...................................................................................................................................... 8
5.4 Power Failure Management ................................................................................................................ 8
5.5 ATA Secure Erase ............................................................................................................................... 8
5.6 TRIM .................................................................................................................................................... 9
6. Software Interface .............................................................................. 10
6.1 Command Set .................................................................................................................................... 10
7. Electrical Specifications .................................................................... 12
8. Physical Characteristics ..................................................................... 13
8.1 Dimensions ........................................................................................................................................ 13
9. Product Ordering Information ............................................................. 14
9.1 Product Code Designations ............................................................................................................... 14
9.2 Valid Combinations ............................................................................................................................ 15
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
1. General Description
Apacer’s SDM5A (SATA Disk Module 5A) is our next generation disk-on-module (DOM) series that offers
elevated speed boost and higher error correction capabilities. Built with SATA 6.0 Gb/s interface, SDM5A
delivers higher performance in data transfer than its previous SDM selections, reaching up to 65 MB/s in
read and 105 MB/s in write.
With its SATA interface compliance and compact size, this high-speed disk module defines an ideal
balance of performance, capacities, reliability and cost. SDM5A comes in moderate capacities that are
suitable to boot industrial applications and light operating systems for specific operations, while with some
extra memory space for data storage. The architectural nature of SATA disk module provides higher
resistance to external environmental influences and better flexibility for motherboard space.
Regarding data reliability, SDM5A is built in with powerful ECC engine that can correct up to 40 bits per
1KB data. In addition, the controller unit of this DOM device supports wear-leveling, SMART and power
failure management for data integrity. Wit its trustable reliability, performance and cost effectiveness,
Apacer’s SDM5A is definitely the ideal storage or cache solution for embedded and industrial computers,
servers and thin clients.
2. Functional Block Diagram
SDM5A includes the SATA and Flash Management controllers, and flash media, as well as the SATA
standard interface. Figure 2-1 shows the functional block diagram.
Serial ATA
Interface
SATA
Controller
Flash
Management
Controller
Flash
Media
Figure 2-1 Functional Block Diagram
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
3. Pin Assignments
SATA Connectors
Table 3-1 Signal Segment
Pin
Type
S1
GND
Table 3-2 Power Segment
Description
Pin
Signal/Description
P1
Unused (3.3V)
S2
RxP
+ Differential Receive Signal
P2
Unused (3.3V)
S3
RxN
- Differential Receive Signal
P3
Unused (3.3V)
S4
GND
P4
Ground
S5
TxN
- Differential Transmit Signal
P5
Ground
S6
TxP
+ Differential Transmit Signal
P6
Ground
S7
GND
P7
5V
P8
5V
P9
5V
P10
Ground
P11
DAS
P12
Ground
P13
Unused (12V)
P14
Unused (12V)
P15
Unused (12V)
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
Figure 3-1 SATA Cable/Connector Connection Diagram
The connector on the left represents the Host with TX/RX differential pairs connected to a cable. The
connector on the right shows the Device with TX/RX differential pairs also connected to the cable. Notice
also the ground path connecting the shielding of the cable to the Cable Receptacle.
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
4. Product Specifications
4.1 Capacity
Capacity specification of SDM5A is available as shown in Table 4-1. It lists the specific capacity and the
default numbers of heads, sectors and cylinders for each product line.
Table 4-1 Capacity Specifications
Capacity
Total bytes*
Cylinders
Heads
Sectors
Max LBA
1 GB
1,011,032,064
1959
16
63
1,974,672
2 GB
2,011,226,112
3897
16
63
3,928,176
4 GB
4,011,614,208
7773
16
63
7,835,184
8 GB
8,012,390,400
15,525
16
63
15,649,200
16 GB
16,013,942,784
16,383
16
63
31,277,232
32 GB
32,017,047,552
16,383
16
63
62,533,296
*Display of total bytes varies from file systems, which means not all of the bytes can be used for storage.
**Notes: 1 GB = 1,000,000,000 bytes; 1 sector = 512 bytes.
LBA count addressed in the table above indicates total user storage capacity and will remain the same throughout the lifespan of the
device. However, the total usable capacity of the SSD is most likely to be less than the total physical capacity because a small portion
of the capacity is reserved for device maintenance usages.
4.2 Performance
Performances of SDM5A are listed below in Table 4-2.
Table 4-2 Performance
Capacity
1 GB
2 GB
4 GB
8 GB
16 GB
32 GB
Sustained read (MB/s)
31
55
65
65
65
TBD
Sustained write (MB/s)
15
30
60
65
105
TBD
Performance
Note: Results may differ from various flash configurations or host system setting.
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
4.3 Environmental Specifications
Environmental specifications of SDM5A product family follow the MIL-STD-810 standards as shown in
Table 4-3.
Table 4-3 SDM5A Environmental Specifications
Item
Specifications
Operating temp.
0°C to 70°C (Standard); -40°C to 85°C (Extended)
Non-operating temp.
-40°C to 100°C
Operating vibration
20~2,000(Hz), 7.69 (Grms), random wave, X, Y, Z axis
Non-operating vibration
10~2,000(Hz), 15(G), sine wave, X, Y, Z axis
Operating shock
50(G), 11(ms), half-sine wave
Non-operating shock
1,500(G), 0.5(ms), half-sine wave
4.4 Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)
Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) is predicted based on reliability data for the individual components
in SDM5A. The prediction result for SDM5A is more than 2,000,000 hours.
Notes about the MTBF:
The MTBF is predicated and calculated based on “Telcordia Technologies Special Report, SR-332, Issue
2” method.
4.5 Certification and Compliance
SDM5A complies with the following standards:




CE
FCC
RoHS Recast
MIL-STD-810
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
5. Flash Management
5.1 Error Correction/Detection
SDM5A implements a hardware ECC scheme, based on the BCH algorithm. It can detect and correct up
to 40 bits error in 1K bytes.
5.2 Bad Block Management
Current production technology is unable to guarantee total reliability of NAND flash memory array. When
a flash memory device leaves factory, it comes with a minimal number of initial bad blocks during
production or out-of-factory as there is no currently known technology that produce flash chips free of bad
blocks. In addition, bad blocks may develop during program/erase cycles. When host performs
program/erase command on a block, bad block may appear in Status Register. Since bad blocks are
inevitable, the solution is to keep them in control. Apacer flash devices are programmed with ECC, block
mapping technique and S.M.A.R.T to reduce invalidity or error. Once bad blocks are detected, data in
those blocks will be transferred to free blocks and error will be corrected by designated algorithms.
5.3 Wear Leveling
Flash memory devices differ from Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) in terms of how blocks are utilized. For HDDs,
when a change is made to stored data, like erase or update, the controller mechanism on HDDs will
perform overwrites on blocks. Unlike HDDs, flash blocks cannot be overwritten and each P/E cycle wears
down the lifespan of blocks gradually. Repeatedly program/erase cycles performed on the same memory
cells will eventually cause some blocks to age faster than others. This would bring flash storages to their
end of service term sooner. Wear leveling is an important mechanism that level out the wearing of blocks
so that the wearing-down of blocks can be almost evenly distributed. This will increase the lifespan of
SSDs. Commonly used wear leveling types are Static and Dynamic.
5.4 Power Failure Management
Power Failure Management plays a crucial role when experiencing unstable power supply. Power
disruption may occur when users are storing data into the SSD. In this urgent situation, the controller
would run multiple write-to-flash cycles to store the metadata for later block rebuilding. This urgent
operation requires about several milliseconds to get it done. At the next power up, the firmware will
perform a status tracking to retrieve the mapping table and resume previously programmed NAND blocks
to check if there is any incompleteness of transmission.
5.5 ATA Secure Erase
ATA Secure Erase is an ATA disk purging command currently embedded in most of the storage drives.
Defined in ATA specifications, (ATA) Secure Erase is part of Security Feature Set that allows storage
drives to erase all user data areas. The erase process usually runs on the firmware level as most of the
ATA-based storage media currently in the market are built-in with this command. ATA Secure Erase can
securely wipe out the user data in the drive and protects it from malicious attack.
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
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SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
5.6 TRIM
TRIM is a SATA command that helps improve the read/write performance and efficiency of solid-state
drives (SSD). The command enables the host operating system to inform SSD controller which blocks
contain invalid data, mostly because of the erase commands from host. The invalid will be discarded
permanently and the SSD will retain more space for itself.
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
6. Software Interface
6.1 Command Set
This section defines the software requirements and the format of the commands the host sends to
SDM5A. Commands are issued to SDM5A by loading the required registers in the command block with
the supplied parameters, and then writing the command code to the Command register.
Table 6-1 Command Set
Code
Command
Code
Command
E5h
Check Power Mode
F3h
Security Erase Prepare
06h
Data Set Management
F4h
Security Erase Unit
90h
Execute Device Diagnostic
F5h
Security Freeze Lock
E7h
Flush Cache
F1h
Security Set Password
EAh
Flush Cache EXT
F2h
Security Unlock
ECh
Identify Device
70h
Seek
E3h
Idle
EFh
Set Features
E1h
Idle Immediate
C6h
Set Multiple Mode
91h
Initialize Device Parameters
E6h
Sleep
C8h
Read DMA
B0h
SMART
25h
Read DMA EXT
E2h
Standby
C4h
Read Multiple
E0h
Standby Immediate
29h
Read Multiple EXT
CAh
Write DMA
20h
Read Sector
35h
Write DMA EXT
24h
Read Sector EXT
C5h
Write Multiple
40h
Read Verify Sectors
39h
Write Multiple EXT
42h
Read Verify Sectors EXT
30h
Write Sector
10h
Recalibrate
34h
Write Sector EXT
F6h
Security Disable Password
6.2 S.M.A.R.T.
S.M.A.R.T. is an abbreviation for Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology, a self-monitoring
system that provides indicators of drive health as well as potential disk problems. It serves as a warning
for users from unscheduled downtime by monitoring and displaying critical drive information. Ideally, this
should allow taking proactive actions to prevent drive failure and make use of S.M.A.R.T. information for
future product development reference.
Apacer devices use the standard SMART command B0h to read data out from the drive to activate our
S.M.A.R.T. feature that complies with the ATA/ATAPI specifications. S.M.A.R.T. Attribute IDs shall
include initial bad block count, total later bad block count, maximum erase count, average erase count,
power on hours and power cycle. When the S.M.A.R.T. Utility running on the host, it analyzes and reports
the disk status to the host before the device reaches in critical condition.
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SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
Note: attribute IDs may vary from product models due to various solution design and supporting
capabilities.
Apacer memory products come with S.M.A.R.T. commands and subcommands for users to obtain
information of drive status and to predict potential drive failures. Users can take advantage of the
following commands/subcommands to monitor the health of the drive.
Code
D0h
D1h
D2h
D4h
D5h
D6h
D8h
D9h
DAh
Byte
0
1–2
3
4
5*-11
SMART Subcommand
READ DATA
READ ATTRIBUTE THRESHOLDS
Enable/Disable Attribute Autosave
Execute Off-line Immediate
Read Log (optional)
Write Log (optional)
Enable Operations
Disable operations
Return Status
General SMART attribute structure
Description
ID (Hex)
Status flag
Value
Worst
Raw Data
*Byte 5: LSB
ID (Hex)
9 (0x09)
12 (0x0C)
163 (0xA3)
164 (0xA4)
166 (0xA6)
167 (0xA7)
168 (0xA8)
175 (0xAF)
192 (0xC0)
194 (0xC2)
241 (0xF1)
SMART attribute ID list
Attribute Name
Power-on hours
Power cycle count
Max. erase count
Avg. erase count
Total later bad block count
SSD Protect Mode (vendor specific)
SATA PHY Error Count
Bad Cluster Table Count
Unexpected Power Loss Count
Temperature
Total sectors of write
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
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SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
7. Electrical Specifications
Caution: Absolute Maximum Stress Ratings – Applied conditions greater than those listed under
“Absolute Maximum Stress Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating
only and functional operation of the device at these conditions or conditions greater than those defined in
the operational sections of this data sheet is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum stress rating
conditions may affect device reliability.
Table 7-1 Operating Range
Parameter
Conditions
Supply voltage
5V ± 5% ( 4.75-5.25 V)
Table 7-2 Typical Power Consumption
Capacity
Modes
Active (mA)
1 GB
2GB
4 GB
8 GB
16 GB
32 GB
140
165
200
170
205
TBD
70
80
85
85
85
Idle (mA)
Note: Results may differ from various flash configurations or host system setting.
TBD
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
8. Physical Characteristics
8.1 Dimensions
Unit: ㎜
Tolerance: ± 0.25
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
9. Product Ordering Information
9.1 Product Code Designations
AP SDM XXXG 1 2 A N – C T X
Operating Temperature Range
Blank: 0°C to 70°C
W: -40°C to 85°C
Flash Type
Version Control
N: Standard
A: Standard
Solution Version
Form Factor
1: 22P/90D
Capacities
001G = 1GB
002G = 2GB
004G = 4GB
008G = 8GB
016G = 16GB
032G = 32GB
Serial ATA Flash Module
Apacer Product Code
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
9.2 Valid Combinations
Capacity
1GB
2GB
4GB
8GB
16GB
32GB
Standard
APSDM001G12AN-CT
APSDM002G12AN-CT
APSDM004G12AN-CT
APSDM008G12AN-CT
APSDM016G12AN-CT
APSDM032G12AN-CT
Extended Temperature
APSDM001G12AN-CTW
APSDM002G12AN-CTW
APSDM004G12AN-CTW
APSDM008G12AN-CTW
APSDM016G12AN-CTW
APSDM032G12AN-CTW
Note: Valid combinations are those products in mass production or will be in mass production. Consult your Apacer
sales representative to confirm availability of valid combinations and to determine availability of new combinations.
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
Revision History
Revision
0.1
Date
Description
1/6/2016
Preliminary release
Remark
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
SATA-Disk Module 5A
APSDMxxxG12AN-CTX
Global Presence
Taiwan (Headquarters)
Apacer Technology Inc.
1F., No.32, Zhongcheng Rd., Tucheng Dist.,
New Taipei City 236, Taiwan R.O.C.
Tel: 886-2-2267-8000
Fax: 886-2-2267-2261
amtsales@apacer.com
U.S.A.
Apacer Memory America, Inc.
46732 Lakeview Blvd., Fremont, CA 94538
Tel: 1-408-518-8699
Fax: 1-510-249-9568
sa@apacerus.com
Japan
Apacer Technology Corp.
5F, Matsura Bldg., Shiba, Minato-Ku
Tokyo, 105-0014, Japan
Tel: 81-3-5419-2668
Fax: 81-3-5419-0018
jpservices@apacer.com
Europe
Apacer Technology B.V.
Science Park Eindhoven 5051 5692 EB Son,
The Netherlands
Tel: 31-40-267-0000
Fax: 31-40-267-0000#6199
sales@apacer.nl
China
Apacer Electronic (Shanghai) Co., Ltd
Room D, 22/FL, No.2, Lane 600, JieyunPlaza,
Tianshan RD, Shanghai, 200051, China
Tel: 86-21-6228-9939
Fax: 86-21-6228-9936
sales@apacer.com.cn
India
Apacer Technologies Pvt Ltd,
th
Unit No.201, “Brigade Corner”, 7 Block Jayanagar,
Yediyur Circle, Bangalore – 560082, India
Tel: 91-80-4152-9061
Fax: 91-80-4170-0215
sales_india@apacer.com
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© 2016 Apacer Technology Inc.
Rev. 0.1
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