Private Wireless Broadband Data Networks - sfile.f

Full Spectrum: Mission Critical Private Wireless Networks
Licensed, Point-to-Multipoint, Broadband Wireless Networks
fullspectrumnet.com
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Company Introduction
fullspectrumnet.com
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Full Spectrum Background
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Privately held, Delaware Corporation
Headquartered in Sunnyvale, CA
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FullMAX™ is a patented, end-to-end-private,
licensed, broadband wireless data network
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Customers deploying
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NorthWestern Energy in Montana & Wyoming
Pepco in Washington DC, NJ, DE
Rappahannock Electric in Virginia
Integrys in Wisconsin
Enables smart grids, smart pipes, smart fields
– SCADA, Substation Automation, Distribution Automation,
Mobile Data all in a unified network broadband network
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Introduction
• Full Spectrum designs, manufactures, sells and supports
FullMAX™, its patented, turn-key, state-of-the-art, pointto-multipoint, wireless radio system for secure, licensed,
private, wide-area broadband networks
Rack Mount
Sealed Outdoor
Extreme Temperature
fullspectrumnet.com
Portable / Mobile
Enclosure
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Customer owned, operated, controlled
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FullMAX provides 30 miles of non-line of sight, point-to-multipoint coverage from a
single base station. (LTE provides 3 miles)
2,800 square miles with FullMAX vs 30 square miles with LTE
Most cost effective private network for smart infrastructure
30 mile, point-tomulti-point, non-line
of sight coverage
fullspectrumnet.com
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Why FullMAX™?
fullspectrumnet.com
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Commercial wireless networks fail…
• Lack of coverage and no new coverage planned
• Smart grids, smart pipes, smart fields cover assets, not
people
• Commercial networks heavily oversubscribed, especially
during man-made / natural disasters
• Commercial networks are asymmetric down, smart
networks are asymmetric up
• Unpredictable QoS
Numerous failures... post September 11th and Katrina
fullspectrumnet.com
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August 2009: Silicon Valley Fiber Cut, Carriers
relying on same backhaul
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August 2011: Virginia earthquake
impacts DC and New York
Full Spectrum Network in place with no disruption
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June 2012 Derecho – major destruction with little warning
Full Spectrum Network in place with no disruption
http://www.fcc.gov/document/derecho-report-and-recommendations
www.fullspectrumnet.com
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October 2012: Hurricane Sandy major prolonged
commercial outages
FCC estimated 25% of the cell towers in 10
states were out of service.
Full Spectrum Network in place with no disruption
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Assault on California Power Station – April 17, 2013
• AT&T fiber-optic cables
• Level 3 Communications,
an Internet service provider,
lost service
• Mobile networks not
available
www.fullspectrumnet.com
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Other private wireless solutions
have significant limitations
www.fullspectrumnet.com
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Limitations of other private wireless solutions
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Licensed narrowband products offer coverage but not capacity
– Also, most Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance
(CSMA/CA)
– WiFi type access protocol (poor spectral efficiency)
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(FullMAX uses Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access with a
centralized MAC establishing QoS for each remote)
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Unlicensed wireless broadband solutions offer capacity but not
coverage, must accept interference.
– No mobility
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Microwave doesn’t scale for PtMP, requires line of sight, costly
infrastructure
– No mobility
fullspectrumnet.com
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FullMAX Technology
www.fullspectrumnet.com
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FullMAX vs LTE Commercial
FullMAX 4G
LTE
Comment
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TDD offers much greater spectral efficiency and
reuse, partial use of subchannels
User configurable UL/DL ratio (asymmetric up,
asymmetric down, or symmetric
Duplexing
TDD
FDD
Transmit
power
Up to 20 watts
Standard
200-600
milliWatts
- FullMAX 10 watt remotes w/ higher power available
- LTE designed for lower power, long battery life
Frequency
range
All frequencies
below 1 GHz
700 MHz &
1900 GHz
-Low VHF allows for non-line of sight, long range
transmission
200 kHZ to 5 MHz
5 MHz, 10 MHz
Channel sizes
/ bandwidth
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- Narrower channels have greater propagation
- More frequency options in narrow channels
Full Spectrum Inc. 2452 Embarcadero
Way, Palo Alto, CA 94303
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What are our customers doing today?
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Rappahannock Electric:
– Substation Automation (SCADA and AMI Backhaul)
– Future plans include DA points and Mobile Data
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Integrys
– Substation automation and distribution automation
(reclosers, capacitor banks)
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NorthWestern Energy
– Substation automation and Distribution Automation
– Reclosers, capacitor banks, voltage regulators
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Pepco
– Distribution Automation
AMI Backhaul (Silver Spring)
fullspectrumnet.com
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Focused on Mission Critical Mid-Grid
Connectivity
Mid-Grid DA
Reclosers
Capacitor Banks
Voltage Regulators
Voltage Sensors
Existing Utility
Radio Tower
Infrastructure
Corporate Data
Network
Full Spectrum Fills this Gap
May 2013
Full Spectrum Confidential
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FullMAX – System Highlights
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FullMAX based on Mobile WiMAX (IEEE 802.16e)
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FullMAX Implementation (vs standard WiMAX-e)
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Use of prime frequencies below 1 GHz with superior propagation
Support of narrow channels with superior receiver sensitivity
High power (up to 20W effective) at both Base and Subscriber Station
FullMAX Throughput
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May 2013
Supports all frequencies 30 MHz to 1 GHz(compared to 2.5 and 3.5 GHz)
Supports channel sizes 200 kHz to 5 MHz (compared to 5 MHz and larger)
Remote radio transmit power up to 20 watts (compared to 200 milliwatts)
FullMAX provides Superior Coverage to any 3G/4G system
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Leverages worldwide WiMAX expertise and established ecosystem
Leverages all IP standard, free of circuit switching overheads & constraints
Enhanced frame structure to minimize WiMAX overhead
Ethernet header and user data compression to optimize bandwidth
Full Spectrum Confidential
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FullMAX – System Flexibility
• FullMAX Can Use Any Channel below 1 GHz
– Minimum requirement 200 kHz of contiguous spectrum
• FullMAX Fixed and Mobile Data in a Single Network
– Mobile radios support multiple diverse channels simultaneously
– Nomadic, mobile and roaming for mobile data
• FullMAX Time Division Duplex (TDD) Implementation
– Data driven configuration of frame length, UL/DL ratio and gaps
– Optimize network for customer specific traffic conditions
• FullMAX Quality of Service
– Classify traffic according to a configurable parameters
– Applies a dedicated QOS policy per remote radio and per application.
May 2013
Full Spectrum Confidential
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FullMAX – System Flexibility
• Adaptive Modulation and Coding
– Independent Modulation and Coding scheme selected for each
remote in the downlink and in the uplink.
– Modulation and coding schemes supported: QPSK ½, QPSK ¾ ,
16QAM ½ , 16 QAM ¾, 64QAM 2/3, 64 QAM ¾.
– Repetitions supported for challenged links.
May 2013
Full Spectrum Confidential
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FullMAX Description
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FullMAX is an end-to-end, point-to-multipoint, mobile and fixed, broadband
wireless system including proprietary base stations, mobile stations and
fixed Stations. This includes a standalone SNMP Based Network
Management System.
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FullMAX leverages the ieee802.16e-2005 air interface protocol with
modifications to operate in programmable channel sizes between 200 kHz
up to 5 MHz, frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz and high Tx power
upto 43 dBm.
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FullMAX employs software defined radio implementation using a general
processor a DSP and FPGA.
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FullMAX does not use a standard’s based WiMAX chipset.
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9/4/2014
Air Interface Protocol Highlights
• Wide frequency range (works in all Sub 1 GHz frequencies)
– Tunable in 1 Hz resolution
• Supports non-standard channel sizes including narrow channels
– Channel sizes from 200 kHz to 5 MHz in width
– Programmable symbol rates
– A programmable TX and RX digital filter
• Configurable frame duration
– e.g. 47, 95, 180 symbols per frame
• TDD with configurable DL/UL ratio which enables symmetrical,
asymmetrical and reverse asymmetrical communication
• Extended range
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High Tx power in all radios (BS and Remotes up to 43 dBm)
Wide dynamic range (79 dB of variable attenuation)
Configurable TTG/RTG
Programmable IR/PR regions allocation
Sectorization with GPS synchronization
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9/4/2014
Air Interface Protocol Highlights (cont.)
– Capacity performance improvements for narrow channels including:
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Dynamic PHS
Configurable frame size for per frame overhead reduction
DL MAP Compression
Modification of 802.16e protocol elements to save on transmission of apriori known configuration
– Support of fixed and mobile users on the same channel with
optimized configuration for each type
– Support of the IEC 61850 “GOOSE” multicast protocol for
Distribution Automation
• Very low latency requirements
• Non routing protocol (directly encapsulated in Ethernet frames with no
IP layer)
• Integrated loopback capability at the BS for downlink multicast of uplink
traffic
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9/4/2014
FullMAX Long Range Capabilities
• Low frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz
– Excellent propagation characteristics
• Operates in licensed band frequencies with low noise floor
• Superior receiver sensitivity at both the Base Stations and Remotes
(e.g., -107 dBm in a 500 KHz wide channel).
– High performance LNAs at both the Base Station and Remotes
• High power transmission at both the Base Stations and Remotes
• Supports parameter values required for long range operation (frame
size, TTG, initial ranging period, TX power dynamic range etc.)
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9/4/2014
FullMAX MAC Overhead Reduction
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Packet Header Suppression (PHS)
Fragmentation and packing of frames
Compressed MAP
Increased frame size
Non-standard MAC overhead reduction
Scheduler algorithm (e.g., optimal region fitting)
9/4/2014
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FullMax Management System
• State of the art Web 2.0 user interface technologies
• Fault management including:
– Event correlation
– Notifications forwarding (email, SMS, traps, etc.)
– Automatic and manual actions: acknowledge, clear
• User Friendly Configuration and Provisioning
– Using profiles and templates
• Performance Management
– Periodic constant performance data collection (standard & private)
– Real time data collection to diagnose failures
• Secured with HTTP over SSL
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9/4/2014
Rappahannock Electric
Case Study – Smart Grid Substation Automation
• Distribution electric utility in Virginia
– 22 Counties
– 120 Substations over 6,000 square miles
– 11 LMR towers with microwave ring
• Need private wide area IP data system
• Difficult terrain including portions of Blue Ridge Mountains
• Applications included substation SCADA and AMI backhaul and
Distribution Automation
• Mobile Data important in the future
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