Private Wireless Broadband Data Networks - sfile.f

Full Spectrum: Mission Critical Private Wireless Networks
Licensed, Point-to-Multipoint, Broadband Wireless Networks
Company Introduction
Full Spectrum Background
Privately held, Delaware Corporation
Headquartered in Sunnyvale, CA
FullMAX™ is a patented, end-to-end-private,
licensed, broadband wireless data network
Customers deploying
NorthWestern Energy in Montana & Wyoming
Pepco in Washington DC, NJ, DE
Rappahannock Electric in Virginia
Integrys in Wisconsin
Enables smart grids, smart pipes, smart fields
– SCADA, Substation Automation, Distribution Automation,
Mobile Data all in a unified network broadband network
• Full Spectrum designs, manufactures, sells and supports
FullMAX™, its patented, turn-key, state-of-the-art, pointto-multipoint, wireless radio system for secure, licensed,
private, wide-area broadband networks
Rack Mount
Sealed Outdoor
Extreme Temperature
Portable / Mobile
Customer owned, operated, controlled
FullMAX provides 30 miles of non-line of sight, point-to-multipoint coverage from a
single base station. (LTE provides 3 miles)
2,800 square miles with FullMAX vs 30 square miles with LTE
Most cost effective private network for smart infrastructure
30 mile, point-tomulti-point, non-line
of sight coverage
Why FullMAX™?
Commercial wireless networks fail…
• Lack of coverage and no new coverage planned
• Smart grids, smart pipes, smart fields cover assets, not
• Commercial networks heavily oversubscribed, especially
during man-made / natural disasters
• Commercial networks are asymmetric down, smart
networks are asymmetric up
• Unpredictable QoS
Numerous failures... post September 11th and Katrina
August 2009: Silicon Valley Fiber Cut, Carriers
relying on same backhaul
August 2011: Virginia earthquake
impacts DC and New York
Full Spectrum Network in place with no disruption
June 2012 Derecho – major destruction with little warning
Full Spectrum Network in place with no disruption
October 2012: Hurricane Sandy major prolonged
commercial outages
FCC estimated 25% of the cell towers in 10
states were out of service.
Full Spectrum Network in place with no disruption
Assault on California Power Station – April 17, 2013
• AT&T fiber-optic cables
• Level 3 Communications,
an Internet service provider,
lost service
• Mobile networks not
Other private wireless solutions
have significant limitations
Limitations of other private wireless solutions
Licensed narrowband products offer coverage but not capacity
– Also, most Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance
– WiFi type access protocol (poor spectral efficiency)
(FullMAX uses Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access with a
centralized MAC establishing QoS for each remote)
Unlicensed wireless broadband solutions offer capacity but not
coverage, must accept interference.
– No mobility
Microwave doesn’t scale for PtMP, requires line of sight, costly
– No mobility
FullMAX Technology
FullMAX vs LTE Commercial
FullMAX 4G
TDD offers much greater spectral efficiency and
reuse, partial use of subchannels
User configurable UL/DL ratio (asymmetric up,
asymmetric down, or symmetric
Up to 20 watts
- FullMAX 10 watt remotes w/ higher power available
- LTE designed for lower power, long battery life
All frequencies
below 1 GHz
700 MHz &
1900 GHz
-Low VHF allows for non-line of sight, long range
200 kHZ to 5 MHz
5 MHz, 10 MHz
Channel sizes
/ bandwidth
- Narrower channels have greater propagation
- More frequency options in narrow channels
Full Spectrum Inc. 2452 Embarcadero
Way, Palo Alto, CA 94303
What are our customers doing today?
Rappahannock Electric:
– Substation Automation (SCADA and AMI Backhaul)
– Future plans include DA points and Mobile Data
– Substation automation and distribution automation
(reclosers, capacitor banks)
NorthWestern Energy
– Substation automation and Distribution Automation
– Reclosers, capacitor banks, voltage regulators
– Distribution Automation
AMI Backhaul (Silver Spring)
Focused on Mission Critical Mid-Grid
Mid-Grid DA
Capacitor Banks
Voltage Regulators
Voltage Sensors
Existing Utility
Radio Tower
Corporate Data
Full Spectrum Fills this Gap
May 2013
Full Spectrum Confidential
FullMAX – System Highlights
FullMAX based on Mobile WiMAX (IEEE 802.16e)
FullMAX Implementation (vs standard WiMAX-e)
Use of prime frequencies below 1 GHz with superior propagation
Support of narrow channels with superior receiver sensitivity
High power (up to 20W effective) at both Base and Subscriber Station
FullMAX Throughput
May 2013
Supports all frequencies 30 MHz to 1 GHz(compared to 2.5 and 3.5 GHz)
Supports channel sizes 200 kHz to 5 MHz (compared to 5 MHz and larger)
Remote radio transmit power up to 20 watts (compared to 200 milliwatts)
FullMAX provides Superior Coverage to any 3G/4G system
Leverages worldwide WiMAX expertise and established ecosystem
Leverages all IP standard, free of circuit switching overheads & constraints
Enhanced frame structure to minimize WiMAX overhead
Ethernet header and user data compression to optimize bandwidth
Full Spectrum Confidential
FullMAX – System Flexibility
• FullMAX Can Use Any Channel below 1 GHz
– Minimum requirement 200 kHz of contiguous spectrum
• FullMAX Fixed and Mobile Data in a Single Network
– Mobile radios support multiple diverse channels simultaneously
– Nomadic, mobile and roaming for mobile data
• FullMAX Time Division Duplex (TDD) Implementation
– Data driven configuration of frame length, UL/DL ratio and gaps
– Optimize network for customer specific traffic conditions
• FullMAX Quality of Service
– Classify traffic according to a configurable parameters
– Applies a dedicated QOS policy per remote radio and per application.
May 2013
Full Spectrum Confidential
FullMAX – System Flexibility
• Adaptive Modulation and Coding
– Independent Modulation and Coding scheme selected for each
remote in the downlink and in the uplink.
– Modulation and coding schemes supported: QPSK ½, QPSK ¾ ,
16QAM ½ , 16 QAM ¾, 64QAM 2/3, 64 QAM ¾.
– Repetitions supported for challenged links.
May 2013
Full Spectrum Confidential
FullMAX Description
FullMAX is an end-to-end, point-to-multipoint, mobile and fixed, broadband
wireless system including proprietary base stations, mobile stations and
fixed Stations. This includes a standalone SNMP Based Network
Management System.
FullMAX leverages the ieee802.16e-2005 air interface protocol with
modifications to operate in programmable channel sizes between 200 kHz
up to 5 MHz, frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz and high Tx power
upto 43 dBm.
FullMAX employs software defined radio implementation using a general
processor a DSP and FPGA.
FullMAX does not use a standard’s based WiMAX chipset.
Air Interface Protocol Highlights
• Wide frequency range (works in all Sub 1 GHz frequencies)
– Tunable in 1 Hz resolution
• Supports non-standard channel sizes including narrow channels
– Channel sizes from 200 kHz to 5 MHz in width
– Programmable symbol rates
– A programmable TX and RX digital filter
• Configurable frame duration
– e.g. 47, 95, 180 symbols per frame
• TDD with configurable DL/UL ratio which enables symmetrical,
asymmetrical and reverse asymmetrical communication
• Extended range
High Tx power in all radios (BS and Remotes up to 43 dBm)
Wide dynamic range (79 dB of variable attenuation)
Configurable TTG/RTG
Programmable IR/PR regions allocation
Sectorization with GPS synchronization
Air Interface Protocol Highlights (cont.)
– Capacity performance improvements for narrow channels including:
Dynamic PHS
Configurable frame size for per frame overhead reduction
DL MAP Compression
Modification of 802.16e protocol elements to save on transmission of apriori known configuration
– Support of fixed and mobile users on the same channel with
optimized configuration for each type
– Support of the IEC 61850 “GOOSE” multicast protocol for
Distribution Automation
• Very low latency requirements
• Non routing protocol (directly encapsulated in Ethernet frames with no
IP layer)
• Integrated loopback capability at the BS for downlink multicast of uplink
FullMAX Long Range Capabilities
• Low frequencies between 30 MHz and 1 GHz
– Excellent propagation characteristics
• Operates in licensed band frequencies with low noise floor
• Superior receiver sensitivity at both the Base Stations and Remotes
(e.g., -107 dBm in a 500 KHz wide channel).
– High performance LNAs at both the Base Station and Remotes
• High power transmission at both the Base Stations and Remotes
• Supports parameter values required for long range operation (frame
size, TTG, initial ranging period, TX power dynamic range etc.)
FullMAX MAC Overhead Reduction
Packet Header Suppression (PHS)
Fragmentation and packing of frames
Compressed MAP
Increased frame size
Non-standard MAC overhead reduction
Scheduler algorithm (e.g., optimal region fitting)
FullMax Management System
• State of the art Web 2.0 user interface technologies
• Fault management including:
– Event correlation
– Notifications forwarding (email, SMS, traps, etc.)
– Automatic and manual actions: acknowledge, clear
• User Friendly Configuration and Provisioning
– Using profiles and templates
• Performance Management
– Periodic constant performance data collection (standard & private)
– Real time data collection to diagnose failures
• Secured with HTTP over SSL
Rappahannock Electric
Case Study – Smart Grid Substation Automation
• Distribution electric utility in Virginia
– 22 Counties
– 120 Substations over 6,000 square miles
– 11 LMR towers with microwave ring
• Need private wide area IP data system
• Difficult terrain including portions of Blue Ridge Mountains
• Applications included substation SCADA and AMI backhaul and
Distribution Automation
• Mobile Data important in the future