Vulcan 2.5-5X
Vulcan 3.5-7X
Night Vision Riflescopes
Operation and
Maintenance Manual
Important Export Restrictions! Commodities, products, technologies and services of this manual are controlled by the U.S.
Department of State Office of Defense Trade Controls, in accordance with International Traffic in Arms (ITAR), Title 22, Code of
Federal Regulations Part 120-130 and/or by the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) of U.S. Department of Commerce. At any
time when a license or a written approval of the U.S. Government
is applicable to it, it is illegal and strictly forbidden to export, intend to export, transfer in any other manner whatsoever, sell any
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as identified on lists maintained by the U.S. Department of State,
the U.S. Department of Commerce, and the U.S. Department of
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without complying with U.S. export control laws and regulations,
including proper export licensing, documentation or authorization, is unlawful and may result in civil and/or criminal penalties
and/or constitute a federal crime. Diversion contrary to U.S. law
is strictly prohibited.
SAFETY SUMMARY
Before operating this product, read and study this Operation and Maintenance Manual carefully.
The Armasight Vulcan Night Vision Riflescope is a precision electro-optical instrument and requires
careful handling. To avoid physical damage to the equipment and prevent danger to the user, follow all
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS and NOTES.
Below you will find definitions of the alerts that appear throughout this Manual:
WARNING – Identifies a clear danger to the person operating the equipment.
CAUTION – Identifies risk of damage to the equipment.
NOTE – Serves to highlight essential procedures, conditions, and statements, or convey important instructional data to the user.
The information provided in this manual is for familiarization purposes only. The contents may undergo further
changes with no commitment by Armasight© to notify customers of any updates.
Armasight© assumes no responsibility for any misprints or other errors that this manual may contain.
©2013 by Armasight. All rights reserved.
2
WARNING:
This product contains natural rubber latex which may cause allergic reactions! The FDA
has reported an increase in the number of deaths that are associated with an apparent sensitivity to natural latex proteins. If you are allergic to latex, it is a good idea to learn which products
contain it and strictly avoid exposure to those products.
WARNINGS:
• When installing the equipment on a weapon, be sure the weapon is clear and that the safety
is ON before proceeding.
• Armasight recommends the use of an eyecup on the scope’s eyepiece. This will allow for both
eyepiece adjustment and relief; preferably, the eyecup should include a side paddle to help
avoid detection.
• The light from the infrared illuminator is invisible to the naked eye. However, the light can be
detected by other night vision devices.
CAUTION:
• Do not dismantle the equipment.
• Keep the equipment clean. Protect it from moisture, dramatic temperature changes, and
electric shocks.
• Do not drop or hit the equipment.
• Protect the equipment from overexposure to light; do not activate the equipment in daylight
with the objective lens cap removed; do not aim the equipment at bright light sources (fire,
car headlights, lanterns, street lamps, room lights, etc.).
• Do not force the equipment controls past their stopping points.
• Do not leave the equipment on during breaks in operation.
• Verify that the equipment is off before installing a battery.
• Do not store the equipment with the battery still inserted.
• Clean and dry each item thoroughly before placing them into the storage case.
NOTES:
• The equipment requires some level of ambient light (moonlight, starlight, etc.) to function
correctly.
• Performance of the device in nighttime conditions depends on the level of ambient light in
the environment. Please remember the following:
— The level of ambient light is reduced by the presence of clouds, shade, or objects that
block natural light (trees, buildings, etc.).
— The equipment is less effective when operated in shadows and other darkened areas.
— The equipment is less effective when operated in rain, fog, sleet, snow, dust or smoke.
— The equipment will not “see” through dense smoke.
• Retain all packaging materials in case any defective components need to be returned.
3
LIST OF CONTENTS
TITLE
Safety Summary
List of Contents
List of Figures
List of Tables
How to Use This Manual
PAGE
2
4
5
6
6
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 General Information
1.1.1 Type of Manual
1.1.2 Model Number and Equipment Name
1.1.3 Purpose of Equipment
1.1.4 Reporting Equipment Improvement Recommendations
1.2 Warranty Information and Registration
1.2.1 Warranty Information
1.2.2 Limitation of Liability
1.2.3 Product Warranty Registration
1.2.4 Obtaining Warranty Service
1.3 Cross References
1.4 List of Abbreviations
7
7
7
7
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8
8
8
8
9
9
10
2. DESCRIPTION AND DATA
2.1 System Description
2.2 Specifications
2.3 Standard Components
2.4 Optional Equipment
2.5 Key Features
2.6 System Limitations
11
11
13
15
16
17
17
3. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3.1. Installation and Mounting
3.1.1 Vulcan Battery Installation 3.1.2 IR850 Battery Installation
3.1.3 Installing the Vulcan on a Weapon
3.1.4 Clamping Device Adjustment
3.1.5 Fastening an Advanced Wireless Remote Control to a Weapon
3.1.6 Installing the IR850 3.1.7 Installing the 2X Afocal Lens
3.2 Controls and Indicators
3.2.1 Vulcan Controls and Indicators
3.2.2 IR850 Controls
3.3 Operating Procedures
3.3.1 Boresight Adjustment Procedure
3.3.2 Vulcan Operating Procedures
3.3.3 Operating IR850
3.3.4 Operating in Changing Light Conditions
3.3.5 Shut-Down
18
18
18
19
19
20
21
21
22
22
22
24
24
24
25
26
27
27
4
4. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING
4.1 Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
4.1.1 Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services (PMCS)
4.2 Operator Troubleshooting
4.3 Identification of Operational Defects
4.3.1 Operational Defects
4.3.2 Cosmetic Blemishes
4.4 Maintenance
4.4.1 General
4.4.2 Cleaning Procedures
4.4.3 Battery Removal and Replacement
4.5 Return Instructions
28
28
28
30
31
31
31
33
33
33
34
34
APPENDIX
A. Estimation of Ambient Illumination Level
B. Vulcan List of Spare Parts
C. Product Warranty Registration Card
35
35
35
36
LIST OF FigureS
FIGURE TITLE
2-1
2-2
2-3
24
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-12
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-6
B-1
Vulcan Night Vision Riflescopes
Vulcan Night Vision Riflescope
Standard Components
Vulcan Optional Equipment
Vulcan. Battery Installation
Battery Adapter Positions in the Battery Cap
IR850. Battery Installation
Vulcan Mount. Top View
Vulcan Mount. Underside View
Clamping Device Adjustment
Advanced Wireless Remote Control
IR850 Illuminator
Vulcan Controls
Vulcan Reticle
IR850 Controls
Windage and Elevation Adjustment Turrets
Shading
Edge Glow
Emission Points and Bright Spots
Fixed Pattern Noise
Chicken Wire
Advanced Wireless Remote Control. Battery Installation
Vulcan Spare Parts
PAGE
11
12
15
16
18
19
19
20
20
20
21
21
22
23
24
25
31
31
32
32
33
34
35
5
LIST OF Tables
TABLE
TITLE
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-9
3-1
3-2
4-1
4-2
A-1
B-1
System Description
System Data
Mechanical Data
Electrical Data
Optical Data
Environmental Data
IR850 Data
Standard Components
Vulcan Optional Equipment
Vulcan Controls and Indicators
IR850 Controls
Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
Operator Troubleshooting
Standard Natural Light Conditions and Illumination Values
Vulcan Spare Parts List
PAGE
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
15
16
23
24
28
30
35
36
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
USAGE
You must familiarize yourself with this entire manual before operating the equipment. Before performing any kind of maintenance on your device, read the section on maintenance in its entirety. Follow all
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, and NOTES.
MANUAL OVERVIEW
The Manual contains sections on operating and maintaining the Vulcan Night Vision Riflescope.
Throughout this Manual, the Armasight Vulcan Night Vision Riflescope will be referred to as the Vulcan,
“the equipment,” or “the device.”
Reference data for the estimation of ambient illumination levels can be found in Appendix A.
A list of spare parts appears in Appendix B.
The Product Warranty Registration Card is located in Appendix C.
6
1
INTRODUCTION
1.1 GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1.1 TYPE OF MANUAL
Operation and Maintenance (including a List of Spare Parts).
1.1.2 Model Number and Equipment Name
Armasight Vulcan 2.5-5X Night Vision Riflescope.
Armasight Vulcan 3.5-7X Night Vision Riflescope.
1.1.3 PURPOSE of Equipment
The Vulcan is a night vision weapon sight that provides excellent target acquisition and aiming capabilities for the demanding sports shooter, game hunter, military, law enforcement, or security personnel.
The Vulcan has multicoated, all-glass lenses and an internally adjustable fine reticle that makes precise shot placement incredibly easy. This night vision riflescope is also water, dust and sand-proof for
increased reliability. Complete with tactical rails for lasers or illuminators (high power IR illuminator
included as standard), the Armasight Vulcan is ideal for the hunters, tactical marksmen, or anyone that
needs a compact and light night vision riflescope.
The Vulcan includes gain control, which allows the user to adjust the brightness of the image, in order
to compensate for overly bright or extremely dark conditions.
The Vulcan sits on an adjustable, quick-release mount that will fit any Weaver or Picatinny rail, and can
be mounted in seconds without tools.
The long-range IR850 illuminator (referred to as the IR850 throughout this manual) enables use of the
Vulcan in extremely low light conditions or total darkness. Other additional equipment, such as an
infrared laser, red dot sight, etc., may also be installed on the Vulcan top Weaver rail.
1.1.4 Reporting Equipment Improvement Recommendations
Recommendations for improvements to the device are encouraged.
Mail your comments to:
Armasight Inc.
815 Dubuque Avenue
South San Francisco, CA 94080
USA
Or, send an email to info@armasight.com.
7
1.2warranty INFORMATION and Registration
1.2.1 WARRANTY INFORMATION
This product is guaranteed to be free from manufacturing defects in material and workmanship under
normal use for a period of two (2) years from the date of purchase. In the event that a defect covered
by the below warranty occurs during the applicable period stated above, Armasight, at its discretion,
will either repair or replace the product; such action on the part of Armasight shall be the full extent of
Armasight’s liability, and the Customer’s sole and exclusive reparation. This warranty does not cover a
product if it has (a) been used in ways other than its normal and customary manner; (b) subjected to
misuse; (c) subjected to alterations, modifications or repairs by the Customer of by any party other than
Armasight without prior written consent of Armasight; (d) special order or “close-out” merchandise
or merchandise sold “as-is” by either Armasight or the Armasight dealer; or (e) merchandise that has
been discontinued by the manufacturer and either parts or replacement units are not available due to
reasons beyond the control of Armasight. Armasight shall not be responsible for any defects or damage that in Armasight’s view are a result from the mishandling, abuse, misuse, improper storage or
improper operation of the device, including use in conjunction with equipment that is electrically or
mechanically incompatible with, or of inferior quality to, the product, as well as failure to maintain the
environmental conditions specified by the manufacturer. THE CUSTOMER IS HEREBY NOTIFIED THAT
OPERATION OF THE EQUIPMENT DURING DAYLIGHT HOURS OR UNDER ANY EXCESSIVE LIGHT CONDITIONS MAY PERMANENTLY DAMAGE THE INTERNAL COMPONENTS OF THE UNIT AND SAID DAMAGE
WILL NOT BE COVERED UNDER THIS WARRANTY. This warranty is extended only to the original purchaser. Any breach of this warranty shall be enforced unless the customer notifies Armasight at the
address noted below within the applicable warranty period.
The customer understands and agrees that except for the foregoing warranty, no other warranties
written or oral, statutory, expressed or implied, including any implied warranty of merchantability or
fitness for a particular purpose, shall apply to the product. All such implied warranties are hereby and
expressly disclaimed.
1.2.2 Limitation of Liability
Armasight will not be liable for any claims, actions, suits, proceedings, costs, expenses, damages or
liabilities arising out of the use of this product. Operation and use of the product are the sole responsibility of the Customer. Armasight’s sole undertaking is limited to providing the products and services
outlined herein in accordance with the terms and conditions of this Agreement. The provision of products sold and services performed by Armasight to the Customer shall not be interpreted, construed,
or regarded, either expressly or implied, as being for the benefit of or creating any obligation toward
any third party of legal entity outside Armasight and the Customer; Armasight’s obligations under this
Agreement extend solely to the Customer. Armasight’s liability hereunder for damages, regardless of
the form or action, shall not exceed the fees or other charges paid to Armasight by the customer or
customer’s dealer. Armasight shall not, in any event, be liable for special, indirect, incidental, or consequential damages, including, but not limited to, lost income, lost revenue, or lost profit, whether such
damages were foreseeable or not at the time of purchase, and whether or not such damages arise
out of a breach of warranty, a breach of agreement, negligence, strict liability or any other theory of
liability.
1.2.3 Product Warranty Registration
In order to validate the warranty on your product, Armasight must receive a completed Product Warranty Registration Card for each unit, or the Customer can complete a warranty registration on our
website, at www.armasight.com. Please complete the included form (Appendix C) and immediately
mail it to our Service Center:
Armasight Inc.
815 Dubuque Avenue
South San Francisco, CA 94080
USA
8
1.2.4 Obtaining Warranty Service
To obtain warranty service on your unit, the End-user (Customer) must notify the Armasight service
department via email. Send any requests to service@armasight.com to receive a Return Merchandise
Authorization number (RMA). When returning any device, please take in the product to your retailer, or
send the product, postage paid and with a copy of your sales receipt, to Armasight Corporation’s service center at the address listed above. All merchandise must be fully insured with the correct postage;
Armasight will not be responsible for improper postage or merchandise that becomes lost or damaged
during shipment. When sending product back, please clearly write the RMA# on the outside of the
shipping box. Please include a letter that indicates your RMA#, the Customer’s Name, a Return Address,
reason for the return, contact information (valid telephone numbers and/or an e-mail address), and
proof of purchase that will help us to establish the valid start date of the warranty. Product merchandise returns that do not have an RMA# listed may be refused, or a significant delay in processing may
occur. Estimated Warranty service time is 10-20 business days. The End-user/ Customer is responsible
for postage to Armasight for warranty service. Armasight will cover return postage/ shipping after warranty repair to the End-user/ Customer only if the product is covered by the aforementioned warranty.
Armasight will return the product after warranty service by domestic UPS Ground service and/ or domestic mail. Should any other requested, required or international shipping methods be necessary, the
postage/ shipping fee will be the responsibility of the End-user/ Customer.
1.3 Cross References
Common Name Official Name
Allen Wrench
Socket Head Screw Key
Battery Compartment
Battery Box Cover
Shipping Case
Textile Bag
Cotton Swab
Disposable Applicator
Neoprene Jack Plug
Plug Assembly
O-Ring
Gasket
Safety Screw
Electrical Dial-Knob Lock
Pattern Generator
Optical Instrument Reticle
Lens Covers
Exit Port Covers
Paddle Switch
Remote Cable Switch
Batteries
AA
Technical Manual
Operator and Field Maintenance Manual
Tape Fastener Loop
Fastener, Loop Tape
Tape Fastener Hook
Fastener, Hook Tape
9
1.4 List of Abbreviations
C
CCW
Cont’d
CW
Dia
F
FOV
g
Gen
H
hr
IR
IT
L
LED
lx
m
mA
min
mm
mW
nm
No
NV
NVD
Para
PMCS
QRM
QTY
RMA#
s
seq
SR
VDC
V
W
10
Celsius (Centigrade)
counterclockwise
Continued
clockwise
diameter
Fahrenheit
Field of View
gram
Generation
Height
hour
infrared
Intensifier Tube
Length
Light Emitting Diode
lux
meter
milliampere
minute
millimeter
milliwatt
nanometer
Number
Night Vision
Night Vision Device
Paragraph
Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
Quick Release Mount
Quantity
Return Merchandise Authorization number
second
sequence
Service Representative
Volts Direct Current
Volt
Width
2
DESCRIPTION AND DATA
2.1 System DESCRIPTION
The Vulcan consists of two primary parts, as shown in Figure 2-1: the night vision device (A; hereafter
referred to as the NVD), and the quick-release mount system (B), or mount. The Vulcan is delivered
already assembled; the mount should be secured to the NVD with two screws.
Vulcan 2.5-5x
Vulcan 3.5-7x
D
B
A
E
C
Figure 2-1. Vulcan NIGHT VISION Riflescopes
The optical-electronic system of the NVD includes four main components: the objective lens (C), eyepiece (D), an intensifier tube, and the control compartment (E).
The intensifier tube (IT) amplifies the environment’s ambient light using a photocathode input lens,
which converts light waves and produces a visible image of the scene on the device’s screen. The image
is projected by the eyepiece.
The automatic brightness adjustment system maintains consistent image brightness, even in changing
light conditions. The Vulcan also incorporates manual gain control, which allows the operator to adjust
the brightness of the image to compensate for overly bright or extremely dark conditions.
The bright light protection system controls existing ambient light through a photoreceiver, and cuts off
the IT automatically when the illumination level exceeds the limit of 100-150lx within 20 seconds. The
Vulcan turns back on when removed from the excessive light.
For optimal contrast, the Vulcan uses an illuminated red cross reticle with adjustable brightness.
The Vulcan is powered by a single AA or CR123A battery. A flashing reticle indicates low battery life.
The Picatinny/ Weaver mount (B) has an adjustable lever-cam clamping device for easy, quick, and reliable mounting and removal.
11
The Vulcan standard set also includes a 2X afocal lens and an IR850 long-range infrared illuminator
equipped with a Weaver mount.
The Vulcan is shown in Figure 2-2. The ITEM NO. column in Table 2-1 indicates the number used to
identify items in Figure 2-2.
4
6
5
7
8
3
2
1
20
19
9
16
10
17
18
15
11
12
13
14
21
22
23
24
25
Figure 2-2. Vulcan NIGHT VISION Riflescope
12
Table 2-1. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Item
Description
Item
Description
1
Objective Lens Cap
13
Clamp
2
Lens
14
Battery Cap with Battery Adapter
3
Weaver Rail
15
Photoreceiver
4
Main Body
16
Pivoted Shutter
5
Turrets Caps Retainer
17
Reticle Brightness Adjustment Knob
6
Elevation Adjustment Turret Cap
18
Turn Switch
7
Eyepiece Ring
19
Gain Control Knob
8
Eye Cup
20
Control Compartment
9
Double Lever-Lock Quick Release
Picatinny Mount
21
Purge Screw
22
Plug
Cam Lever
23
Rail
11
Lever Holder
24
Windage Adjustment Turret Cap
12
Battery Cap Retainer
25
Nut
10
2.2 Specifications
Table 2-2. SYSTEM DATA
ITEM
DATA
System Resolution subject to Tube Resolution:
— 45 to 54 lp/mm
— 55 to 64 lp/mm
— Over 65 lp/mm
0.23 mrad/lp
0.19 mrad/lp
0.16 mrad/lp
Table 2-3. Mechanical Data
ITEM
Vulcan 2.5-5x
Vulcan 3.5-7x
(239×97×71) mm /
(9.4×3.8×2.8) in
(250×97×71) mm /
(9.8×3.8×2.8) in
Weight (without Mount and Battery)
0.8 kg / 1.7 lbs
0.9 kg / 2.0 lbs
Weight of Mount
0.1 kg /0.2 lbs
0.1 kg /0.2 lbs
Dimensions
Table 2-4. Electrical Data
ITEM
DATA
Battery
Single CR123A (3V) or AA (1.5V) *
Cell Life at 20°C
50 hr (3V) / 46 hr (1.5V)
* Any AA or CR123 type rechargeable batteries with voltage from 1.2V to 3.0V can be used.
13
Table 2-5. Optical Data
ITEM
Vulcan 2.5-5x
Vulcan 3.5-7x
2.5x
3.5x
5x
7x
Objective Lens Focal Length
60mm
80mm
Objective Lens F/number
1:1.35
1:1.67
Focus Range
70m
100m
Field of View
16°
12°
Magnification
Magnification with Afocal Lens
Exit Pupil Diameter
7mm
7mm
Eye Relief
45mm
45mm
-4 to +4 diopters
-4 to +4 diopters
1-1/4 MOA
1 MOA
1/2 MOA
1/3 MOA
Diopter Adjustment
Elevation/Windage Adjustment Range (min)
Elevation/Windage Adjustment Increment
Table 2-6. Environmental Data
ITEM
DATA
Operating Temperature
-40 to +50°С (-40 to 122°F)
Storage Temperature
-50 to +50°С (-58 to 122°F)
Illumination Required
Natural night illumination
(overcast starlight to moonlight)
Immersion
1 m for 30 minutes
MIL-STD-810
Complies
Table 2-7. IR850 DATA
ITEM
DATA
IR Emitter Type
LED
Power
500 mW
Peak Wavelength
850 nm
Illumination Range
Up to 300 m
Divergence
8 to 12°
Battery
Single CR123А (3V)
Battery Life at 20 °C (68 °F)
From 1.5 hr (Full Power) to 10 hr (1/4 Power)
Overall Dimensions (with Mount, L×W×H)
(117×41×37) mm / (4.6×1.6×1.5) in
Weight (with Mount, without Battery)
102 g / 3.6 oz
Operating Temperature
-30 to +50°С (-22 to 122°F)
Storage Temperature
-50 to +70°С (-58 to 158°F)
Environmental Rating
Water Resistant
14
2.3 STANDARD COMPONENTS
The Vulcan standard components are shown in Figure 2-3 and listed in Table 2-8.
The ITEM NO. column indicates the number used to identify items in Figure 2-3.
6
5
3
1
7
8
2
4
9
10
11
12
Figure 2-3. Vulcan standard components
Table 2-8. Vulcan standard components
ITEM no.
DESCRIPTION
QUANTITY
1
Vulcan Night Vision Riflescope
A night vision device equipped with quick-release mount; can be installed on a Picatinny/ Weaver rail.
1
2
Lens Cap
A cap used to protect the lens and to be used when testing the unit in daylight.
1
3
Eye-cup
A rubber cup used to protect the eyepiece as well as provide comfort for the operator.
1
4
Double Lever-Lock Quick Release Picatinny Mount
A quick-release mount used to install the Vulcan on a Picatinny/ Weaver rail.
1
5
2X Afocal Lens
Quickly converts the Vulcan into a long-range night vision scope.
1
6
Advanced Wireless Remote Control
Wireless control used to operate the Vulcan in short-time activation mode. Ensures
quick and silent Vulcan activation/ deactivation. Delivered with two CR2016 (3V) batteries installed.
1
7
Picatinny Adaptor for Advanced Wireless Remote Control
An adaptor mounted to the Picatinny rail of a weapon. Allows the Advanced Wireless
Remote Control to be installed on the weapon.
1
8
IR850 Detachable Long Range Infrared Illuminator
Long-range infrared illuminator equipped with a Weaver mount. Should be used when
there is little to no ambient light.
1
9
CR123А Battery
A single lithium battery used to power the Vulcan. A single lithium battery used to
power the IR850.
2
15
table 2-8. continued
ITEM no.
DESCRIPTION
QUANTITY
10
Special Wrench
An instrument used for repositioning the battery adapter in the Vulcan battery cap,
depending on the battery being installed.
1
11
Carrying Case
A protective case used for storing and carrying of the Vulcan and its accessories.
1
12
Operation and Maintenance Manual
Provides safety information, equipment description, mounting procedures, operating instructions, and preventive maintenance checks and services (including a List of
Spare Parts).
1
2.4 Optional Equipment
Optional items are shown in Figure 2-4 and listed in Table 2-9.
The PART NO. column indicates the primary number used by the manufacturer to identify an item.
1
2
3
Figure 2-4. Vulcan Optional Equipment
Table 2-9. Vulcan Optional Equipment
ITEM NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
IR850W Detachable Wide Angle Adjustable X-Long Range Infrared
Illuminator
A detachable LED extra long-range infrared illuminator with wide-angle
adjustable beam (2 to 30 degrees).
Extended Rail Adapter #85
Dovetail Weaver Picatinny Rail Adapter Extends 7.5“ to 11.5” Tactical
Scope Mount.
Hard Shipping/Storage Case
A protective case used for shipping/storage of the Vulcan and its accessories.
2
3
16
Part no.
IAIR850IR000002
ANAM000045
ANHC000004
2.5 Key Features
––
––
––
––
––
––
––
––
Available in a variety of high-performing Gen 2+ and Gen 3 image intensifier tube options
Shock protected, all-glass IR transmission multicoated optics
Illuminated reticle with brightness adjustment
Controls and adjustments are simple and easy to operate
Equipped with wireless remote control
Powered by a single AA or CR123A battery
Automatic brightness control
Manual gain control for the best possible image contrast in both high and low light conditions
Bright light cut-off system
Bright light cut-off and low battery indication appear in the viewing area of the Vulcan
Mounts to standard Picatinny/ Weaver rail with a quick release mount
Detachable long-range IR850 illuminator
Waterproof design
Filled with dry nitrogen to prevent internal fogging
Mil Standard compliant
Limited two-year warranty
2.6 System limitations
The Vulcan requires some ambient light (moonlight, starlight, etc.) to operate. Factors that can reduce
natural night light and negatively affect the efficiency and operation of the Vulcan include: rain, fog,
sleet, snow, and smoke; passing cloud cover and objects that produce shadows; and low-contrast environments, such as snow-covered territory, sandy deserts, large bodies of water or grassy hills.
17
3
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3.1 Installation and Mounting
CAUTION:
In order to protect the intensifier tube, always keep the protective lens cap securely fitted over
the lens if the sight is not in use or you are operating the device in daylight.
3.1.1 Vulcan Battery Installation
CAUTION:
Before installing a battery, verify that the device is OFF.
To install the battery, do following (refer to Figure 3-1):
1. Unscrew the battery cap (A) and check the position of the battery adapter (B). See Figure 3-2 for the
correct positioning of the threaded battery adapter, which changes depending on the battery being
installed.
2. If necessary, use the special wrench to change the battery adapter’s position in the cap.
3. Install the battery (C) into the battery compartment (D). Follow the battery symbol (E).
4. Replace the battery cap (A).
A
B
C
D
E
Figure 3-1. Vulcan Battery Installation
18
CR123A
Battery cap
Battery Adapter
Battery Adapter
Battery cap
AA
Figure 3-2. Battery adapter POSITIONS IN THE BATTERY CAP
3.1.2 IR850 Battery Installation
CAUTION:
Before installing a battery, verify that the device is OFF.
Install the CR123A battery as follows (refer to Figure 3-3):
1. Unscrew the battery cap (A).
3. Install the battery (B) into the battery compartment. Align the plus sign on the battery with the plus
sign on the cap face.
4. Replace the battery cap (A).
B
A
Figure 3-3. IR850. BATTERY INSTALLATION
3.1.3 INSTALLING THE Vulcan ON A WEAPON
WARNING:
When installing the equipment on a weapon, verify that the weapon is clear and that the safety
is on before proceeding.
To install the Vulcan on a Picatinny/ Weaver rail, perform the following:
1. Unlock the clamping device of the Vulcan mount by pushing down on the lever holders (A, see Figure 3-4) and unlocking the levers (B).
2. Install the Vulcan on the Picatinny/ Weaver rail so that the stops (A, see Figure 3-5) slide into the
transverse slots on the rail.
19
3. Affix the Vulcan to the rail by locking the levers (B, Figure 3-4).
4. Verify that the clamping device is firmly holding the Vulcan. If necessary, adjust the clamping device’s lever-cam locks as detailed in Part 3.1.4 (Clamping Device Adjustment).
UNLOCK
POSITION
LOCKED
POSITION
B
A
A
B
Figure 3-4. Vulcan MOUNT. TOP VIEW
A
UNLOCK
POSITION
Figure 3-5. Vulcan MOUNT. UNDERSIDE VIEW
3.1.4 Clamping Device Adjustment
To adjust the mount’s clamping device, do the following:
1. Remove the Vulcan from the weapon.
A
B
Figure 3-6. CLAMPING DEVICE ADJUSTMENT
2. With the clamping device unlocked (as shown in Figure 3-6), push the cam (B) towards the arrow,
which will cause the nut (A) to slide out of its hole.
20
3. To tighten/ loosen the clamping device, push down on the cam (B) and turn the nut (A) CW/ CCW
respectively, in one-two increments (see note below). Much like when the cam (B) is released, backward-moving springs will cause the nut (A) to slide back into its hole.
NOTE:
The eight-sided nuts of the mount lever-cam locks will only fit into their holes if turned in one
of the discrete positions, using increments equal to 360°/8.
4. Verify that the adjusted lever-cam lock securely holds the weapon mounting rail.
5. Repeat the procedure to adjust the clamping device’s second lever-cam lock.
3.1.5 FASTENING AN ADVANCED WIRELESS REMOTE CONTROL TO A
WEAPON
Using Velcro tape (A), fasten the Advanced Wireless Remote Control (B) (Figure 3-7) to your weapon
in an easily accessible place (e.g., on the front of the rifle stock), preferably on the same side as the
Vulcan’s control compartment.
If your rifle has a Picatinny or Weaver rail on the front end, you can use the Picatinny adaptor for the
Advanced Wireless Remote (C). Install the adaptor on the rail. Insert the remote control unit into the
adapter.
A
B
B
C
Figure 3-7. Advanced Wireless Remote Control
3.1.6 INSTALLING THE IR850
The IR850 (Figure 3-8) is delivered ready-assembled with a dedicated mount, to be installed on the
Weaver rail of the Vulcan or weapon. The mount clamp (A) has a spherical hinge that allows the IR850
to tilt.
A
D
C
B
Figure 3-8. IR-850 Illuminator
21
Mount the IR850 on the Weaver rail as follows:
1. Loosen the nut (D). Install the mount (B) on the Weaver rail so that the stop (C) slides into one of the
transverse slots of the rail.
2. Tighten the nut (D) using a screwdriver.
3.1.7 INSTALLING THE 2x afocal lens
To mount the 2X afocal lens to the Vulcan, screw it into threading of the riflescope’s objective lens.
NOTE:
After installing the afocal lens, you will need to readjust windage and elevation.
3.2 Controls and Indicators
CAUTION:
DO NOT force the equipment controls past their stopping points.
3.2.1 Vulcan Controls and Indicators
The Vulcan controls are shown in Figure 3-9.
The Vulcan controls and indicators are defined in Table 3-1. The ITEM NO. column indicates the number
used to identify items in Figure 3-9.
The Vulcan controls described elsewhere in this manual (levers and nuts of the clamping device) are
not included in this section.
6
7
8
5
4
3
2
1
Figure 3-9. Vulcan CONTROLS
22
Table 3-1. Vulcan Controls and Indicators
item no.
CONTROL/INDICATOR
FUNCTION
1
Pivoted Shutter
Closes/ opens the photoreceiver when placed in the highest/ lowest
position.
2
Turn Switch
Switches the Vulcan on, when turned from OFF to ON.
NOTE:
Both the ON and STB positions can only be used if the switch is
unlocked. Unlock the switch by pushing down on the springloaded stop (5, Figure 3-13) before turning.
Switches the device to standby mode, when turned from OFF to STB
position (see note above).
Switches the Vulcan off, when turned from ON/ STB to OFF.
3
Spring-loaded Stop
Locks the turn switch in the OFF position.
4
Eyepiece Ring
Adjusts the diopter. Adjusts for the sharpest view of the scene.
5
Gain Control Knob
Adjusts the brightness of the image.
6
Reticle Brightness
Adjustment Knob
Adjusts the brightness of the red reticle in the Vulcan’s field of view.
7
Adjusts the riflescope’s boresight.
8
Elevation Adjustment
Turret
Windage Adjustment
Turret
(closed with a cap)
-
Remote Control Button Activates/ deactivates the Vulcan in standby when pressed/ released.
-
Low Battery Indicator
FLASHING RETICLE in viewing area indicates a low battery.
The Armasight Vulcan reticle provides a clear aiming point, even when difficult-to-see games or objects
blend into the background. Posts and crosshairs appear in the center section of the field of view, but
occupy a minimal portion of the image, making precise shots on even the smallest targets easy and
accurate.
5 mils
10 mils
Figure 3-10. vulcan reticle
23
3.2.2 IR850 Controls
The IR850 controls are shown in Figure 3-11 and defined in Table 3-2. The ITEM NO. column indicates the
number used to identify items in Figure 3-11.
A
B
Figure 3-11. IR850 CONTROLS
Table 3-2. IR-850 Controls
item no.
CONTROL
1
Power Switch
2
Lens Focus Ring
FUNCTION
Switches the IR850 on/ off and adjusts for radiated power. Four “on”
positions are located between two “off” positions, and are each
marked with a different-sized spot. The larger the spot, the greater the
radiated power.
Adjusts for IR beam divergence. Adjustment range is covered with
approximately one turn of the lens.
3.3 OPERATIng Procedures
Operating procedures should be performed in nighttime conditions only.
CAUTION:
The use of Vulcan in brightly lit conditions may damage the image intensifier.
CAUTION:
Pay close attention to the caution notice on the objective lens cap: “Do not remove in daylight.”
3.3.1 BORESIGHT ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURE
NOTE:
Before adjusting the Vulcan boresight for the first time, install the device and fire approximately
10 shots, in order to stabilize the adjustment mechanisms under applied shocks.
The vertical and horizontal adjustments for the Armasight Vulcan can be regulated by rotating the elevation and windage adjustment turrets. Each click represents 3/5 inch at a 100 yard distance. Once
the turret comes to a complete stop, avoid forcing it any further, as damage to the mechanism may
occur. To adjust the boresight:
24
1. Locate a target at the fire adjustment range (100 yd).
2. Take aim at the center of the target using the weapon’s iron sight; secure the weapon in the aiming
rest.
3. Unscrew the caps from the adjustment turrets.
A
B
Figure 3-12. windage and elevation adjustment Turrets
4. Turn the switch to the ON position.
5. Look into the eyepiece. Using a screwdriver (or empty cartridge case), turn the adjustment turrets
until the reticle moves into the center of the target.
NOTE:
To shift the aiming dot to the right, turn the windage adjustment screw CCW. To shift it to the
left, turn the screw CW.
To shift the aiming dot down, turn the elevation adjustment screw CCW. To shift it up, turn the
screw CW.
6. Fire a series of shots.
7. Work out the values of the elevation and windage corrections required to compensate for the measured deviation of the mean point of impact (MPI) from the center of the target. The minimum correction value of 1/2 MOA for Vulcan 2.5X and 1/3 MOA for Vulcan 3.5X (3/5 inch at a distance of 100 yards)
corresponds to one click of the adjustment mechanisms.
8. Adjust the equipment boresight by turning the adjustment screws and counting out a definite number of clicks (or reading the scales).
NOTE:
To shift the MPI to the right, turn the windage adjustment screw CW. To shift the MPI to the left,
turn the screw CCW.
To shift the MPI down, turn the elevation adjustment screw CW. To shift the MPI up, turn the
screw CCW.
9. To check the equipment’s boresight, take aim at the center of the target and fire a series of shots.
10. After completing the boresight adjustment procedure, turn the device OFF and replace the caps on
the adjustment turrets.
3.3.2 Vulcan OPERATING PROCEDURES
1. Verify that the battery is installed as required.
2. Perform a visual estimation of the illumination level in the viewing area, using the reference data
presented in Appendix A. You can begin operating the Vulcan if the illumination level is less than 1
lux.
3. Remove the objective lens cap and place it over the lens’ housing.
25
CAUTION:
Before removing the objective lens cap, verify that the photoreceiver is open.
4. Verify that there are no bright light sources in the Vulcan’s field of view. Turn the device ON. After a
slight delay, a green glow will appear in the day scope’s output lens.
CAUTION:
Avoid exposing the device to bright light sources such as firelight, headlights, searchlights, etc.,
as these can damage the Vulcan.
5. To operate the Vulcan in short-time activation mode, turn the switch to the STB position. To activate
the Vulcan, press and hold the remote control button. Release the remote control button to deactivate the Vulcan.
6. Observe the scene and adjust the focus. To focus the Vulcan, turn the diopter ring clockwise until
it stops. Then, while looking through the eyepiece, aim the sight towards an object in the distance
and begin slowly rotating the diopter ring in a counterclockwise direction until the image becomes
sharp and clear.
NOTE:
If you are operating your Vulcan in daylight, be sure that the protective lens cover is securely
fitted over the objective lens before you begin adjusting the diopter.
7. Adjust the image contrast by rotating the Vulcan’s gain control knob.
8. Adjust the brightness of reticle by rotating the reticle brightness control knob.
CAUTION:
Do not leave the Vulcan activated if it is not being used.
3.3.3 Operating IR850
Use the IR850 in poor light conditions or complete darkness.
CAUTION:
When operating the device in extremely dark conditions, the light from the unit’s IR illuminator
will be invisible to the naked eye. However, the light can be detected by other NVDs.
NOTE:
Do not leave the IR850 activated when the device is not in use.
1. After examining a scene with the Vulcan, turn on the IR850.
2. To change the radiated power level, turn the power switch to one of the spots in between the two
OFF positions.
3. To adjust IR beam divergence, turn the lens.
4. To adjust the IR spot position in the field of view, loosen the clamp screw and tilt the IR850 as required in the spherical clamp hinge. Tighten the screw using a 2.5mm hex key.
26
3.3.4 OPERATING IN CHANGING LIGHT CONDITIONS
If a mission must be carried out in changing light conditions, you can deactivate the bright light protection system of the Vulcan. To shut down the protection system, close the photoreceiver by flipping up
the pivoted shutter.
CAUTION:
After your mission is complete, open the photoreceiver by flipping the pivoted shutter down.
3.3.5 Shut-Down
Shut-down the Vulcan as follows:
1. Turn the device OFF. The green glow will disappear.
2. Place the cap over the objective lens.
3. Remove the Vulcan from the weapon.
4. Remove the light suppressor from the output lens.
5. Replace the cap on the output lens.
6. Remove the IR850 from the Vulcan Weaver rail.
7. Remove the battery.
CAUTION:
Do not store the equipment with the battery still installed.
CAUTION:
To avoid deformation or damage, remove the light suppressor from the Vulcan.
8. Ensure that the Vulcan and any accessories are clean and dry before placing them into the storage
case.
9. Place the Vulcan and any accessories into the storage case.
10. Store the Vulcan and accessories in the appropriate locations in the case and close the cover.
27
4
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE AND
TROUBLESHOOTING
4.1 Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
4.1.1 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE CHECKS AND SERVICES (PMCS)
Table 4-1: Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services has been provided so that you can keep your
equipment operable and in good condition.
Perform all functional tests in the order listed in Table 4-1.
Operating Procedures are detailed in Chapter 3.
A. Cautions
Always observe any CAUTIONS that appear in the table.
B. Explanation of Table Entries
Seq No. column. Sequence numbers are for reference and appear in the order required to perform
checks and services.
Location/Item to Check/Service column. Indicates the location and the item to be checked or
serviced.
Procedure column. Details the checking/ servicing procedure.
Not Fully Mission Capable If ... column. Indicates what faults will prevent your equipment from
operating successfully.
TABLE 4-1. Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
Seq
No.
Location Item to
Check/Service
PROCEDURE
Not Fully Mission
Capable If ...
BEFORE OPERATION CHECKS
1
Completeness
Open the carrying case and inventory items by comparing
them with the data specified in this manual.
Items are missing.
2
Body
Inspect for cracks or damage. Scratches and gouges are OK
if operation is not affected. Inspect for missing parts (purge
screw, knobs).
Cracked or damaged.
Purge screw or knob is missing.
3
Objective Lens Cap
Inspect for cracked, torn, or missing lens cap.
Cap is torn or cut.
Cup is not secured to the housing of the
lens.
28
table 4-1. continued
Seq
No.
Location Item to
Check/Service
PROCEDURE
Not Fully Mission
Capable If ...
4
Eyecup
Inspect for dirt and dust. Inspect for cracked, torn, bent, broken, or improperly fitting eyecup.
Cup is torn or cut.
5
Battery Compartment/ Cap / Battery
Adapter
Check to make sure the battery adapter is present. Check for
corrosion, cap damage or retainer breaks. Check O-ring for
cuts or damage.
Retainer is broken. Cap, O-ring or battery
adapter is damaged or missing.
6
Switch
Check for operation (without battery).
Switch is inoperative.
7
Lenses
Inspect for cleanliness, scratches, chips or cracks. Clean as
required.
Chipped or cracked. Scratches hinder vision through the Vulcan.
8
Photoreceiver
Inspect for cleanliness, scratches. Clean as required.
Photoreceiver is damaged.
9
Eyepiece Ring
Check to ensure there is free rotation through full range of
travel.
Ring is inoperative.
10
Gain Control Knob
Check to ensure there is free rotation through full range of
travel.
Knob is inoperative.
Knob is missing
11
Reticle Brightness
Adjustment Knob
Check to ensure there is free rotation through full range of
travel.
Knob is inoperative.
Knob is missing
12
Advanced Wireless
Remote Control
Check for damage.
Check Velcro tape for wear.
Damaged. Unit or tape is missing.
13
Mount
Inspect for damage or corrosion, and for missing parts.
Check for proper operation.
Damaged. Some parts are missing.
Clamping device is inoperative.
14
IR850 Body, Mount
Inspect for damage and missing parts. Check for proper
operation.
Damaged. Missing parts. Mount is inoperative.
15
IR850 Battery Cap,
Power Switch
Check O-ring for damage. Check for proper operation.
O-ring is damaged or missing. Switch is
inoperative.
16
IR850 Lens
Inspect for cleanliness, scratches, chips or cracks. Clean as
required. Check to ensure there is free rotation through the
full range of travel (1 turn).
Lens is chipped or cracked. Lens is sticking or too loose when turned.
17
Optional 2X Afocal
Lens
Inspect for cleanliness, scratches, chips or cracks. Clean as
required.
Inspect for cracked, torn, or missing lens cap.
Chipped or cracked. Scratches hinder vision through the Vulcan.
Cap is torn or cut. Cup is not secured to
the housing of the lens.
OPERATIONAL CHECKS
CAUTION:
The objective lens cap has an optical filter, which allows operational testing of the Vulcan in daylight. Activate the Vulcan in daylight
only with the objective lens cap on or in dark conditions.
NOTE:
Daylight checks are described below.
18
Vulcan Switch
Insert the battery. Remove the output lens cap. Close the
photoreceiver by flipping up the pivotal shutter. Turn the
switch to ON. Look for green glow (after a slight delay) in
viewing area.
No green glow.
Open photoreceiver by flipping the pivotal shutter down.
Look through the output lens and wait about 20 seconds for
the green glow to disappear.
Green glow is present, red glow is absent.
19
Remote Control
Put the unit in STB mode. Press and hold the remote control
button. Look for the green glow in output lens. Release the
button. Turn the device OFF.
Green glow is absent.
20
Eyepiece Ring
Turn the device ON. Rotate the eyepiece ring to ensure it
adjusts the diopter.
Ring does not adjust the diopter.
21
Gain Control Knob
Rotate the gain control knob to ensure it changes the
screen’s brightness.
Knob does not adjust the screen’s brightness.
22
Reticle Brightness
Adjustment Knob
Rotate the reticle brightness adjustment knob to ensure it
changes the reticles brightness.
Knob does not adjust the reticles brightness.
23
Viewed Image
Check for flickering, flashing, bright spots, edge glow, shading, or excessive fixed-pattern noise (honeycomb).
Excessive cosmetic defects or fixed pattern noise is present.
24
IR850
Insert the battery. Mount the IR850 onto the Vulcan. Turn on
the IR850. Direct the radiated beam at a wall from a distance
of about 5m. Look through the Vulcan. A square of light
should appear on the wall.
No light appears on the wall.
29
table 4-1. continued
Seq
No.
Location Item to
Check/Service
Not Fully Mission
Capable If ...
PROCEDURE
POST-CHECK PROCEDURES
25
Turn off the IR850 and Vulcan. Replace the protective cap
over the Vulcan output lens.
Remove the battery.
Return the unit and all accessories to the storage case.
4.2 Operator TROUBLESHOOTING
The purpose of troubleshooting is to identify the most commonly occurring equipment malfunctions,
their probable causes, and the corrective actions required to fix them.
Table 4-2 lists common malfunctions that may occur during the operation or maintenance of the Vulcan. Perform the tests, inspections, and corrective actions in the order listed in the table
This table does not list all of the malfunctions that may occur with your device, or all of the
tests and corrective actions that may be necessary. If you experience an equipment malfunction
that is not listed, or is not fixed by the corrective actions listed in the table, please contact Armasight’s
Customer Service center.
TABLE 4-2. Operator Troubleshooting
Malfunction
Equipment fails to activate.
Poor image quality.
PROBABLE CAUSE/ TEST/INSPECTION
Corrective Action
Battery is missing or improperly installed.
Insert battery or install it correctly.
Battery is dead.
Replace the battery.
Battery surfaces or contacts are dirty or
corroded.
Clean the contact surfaces with a pencil eraser
and/ or alcohol and cotton swabs.
Advanced Wireless Remote Control is
damaged.
Please contact Customer Support.
Remote control batteries are dead.
Replace the batteries as per Part 4.3.3.2.
Defective image intensifier.
Please contact Customer Support.
Check focus.
Refocus.
Objective and output lenses are dirty.
Thoroughly clean the surfaces of each lens.
Damaged optical components.
Please contact Customer Support.
Diopter adjustment cannot be
performed
Check to see if the diopter adjustment ring
is deformed or broken.
If the diopter adjustment ring is damaged, contact your service center.
Vulcan affects boresight after
installation or during firing.
Alignment broken.
Please contact Customer Support.
Hindered rotation of the battery cap.
Dirty cap thread.
Clean the thread.
Damaged cap thread.
Please contact Customer Support.
Battery adapter difficult to remove.
Check for damaged battery adapter and
battery cap.
If damaged please contact Customer Support.
Light is visible through the eyecup.
Check the exit pupil distance value.
Press the eyecup to your face.
Check the eyepiece resilience.
If the eyecup is defective, contact Customer Support.
IR850 fails to activate.
Battery is missing or improperly installed.
Insert battery or install it correctly.
Battery is dead.
Replace the battery.
IR850 damaged.
Please contact Customer Support.
30
4.3 Identification of Operational Defects
4.3.1 Operational defects
Operational defects relate to the reliability of the intensifier, and are an indication of instability. If identified, the user will need to return the Vulcan immediately. Operational defects include shading, edge
glow, flashing, flickering, and intermittent operation.
A. Shading
If shading is persistent, you will not be able to see a fully circular image (Figure 4-1). Shading is a very
dark, high-contrast area with a distinct line of demarcation present, and you cannot see an image
through it. Shading always begins on the edge, and will eventually migrate inward until it spans across
the entire image area. If you notice shading with your device, please contact Customer Support.
SHADING
Figure 4-1. shading
NOTE:
Verify that any shading is not the result of improper eye-relief adjustment.
B. Edge Glow
Edge glow is a bright area (it sometimes appears to be coloring) in the outer portion of the viewing area
(see Figure 4-2). To check for edge glow, block out all light from the device by cupping a hand over the
lens. If the image tube is displaying edge glow, the bright area will still show up; if edge glow occurs,
please contact Customer Support.
EDGE
GLOW
Figure 4-2. EDGE GLOW
C. Flashing, Flickering, or Intermittent Operation
The image may appear to flicker or flash. If there is more than a single flicker, check for a loose battery
adapter or a weak battery. If flickering continues, please contact Customer Support.
4.3.2 Cosmetic Blemishes
Cosmetic blemishes are usually the result of manufacturing imperfections. They do not affect the reliability of the image intensifier, and are not normally cause for returning the Vulcan. However, some
types of cosmetic blemishes can worsen over time and interfere with the user’s ability to properly oper-
31
ate the device during missions. If you believe a cosmetic blemish is cause for returning the device, record the specific nature of the problem on the maintenance forms and use the clock method to identify
the position of the blemish and its approximate distance from the center (e.g., 5:00 toward the outside,
2:30 near the center, or 1:00 midway).
The following are examples of cosmetic blemishes:
A. Bright Spots
A bright spot is a small, non-uniform bright area that may flicker or appear constant (Figure 4-3).
Not all bright spots make the Vulcan returnable. Cup your hand over the lens to block out all light. If the
bright spot remains, please contact Customer Support.
Bright spots usually go away when all light is blocked out. Verify that any bright spots are not simply the
result of bright light in the area you are observing. Bright spots are acceptable if they do not interfere
with the user’s ability to view the scene or perform missions.
B. Emission points
Emission points are steady or fluctuating pinpoints of bright light in the image area that do not go away
when all external light is blocked from the objective lens (Figure 4-3). The position of an emission point
within the image area does not move. Not all emission points are cause to return the Vulcan. Verify that
emission points are not simply light sources present in the scene you are observing. Emission points are
acceptable if they do not interfere with the user’s ability to perform missions.
EMISSION
POINT
BRIGHT
SPOT
Figure 4-3. EMISSION POINTS AND BRIGHT SPOTS
C. Black Spots
Black spots are cosmetic blemishes in the image intensifier or debris between the lenses. Black spots are
acceptable as long as they do not interfere with the user’s ability to observe the scene. No action is required
if this condition is present, unless the spots interfere with the operator’s ability to perform missions.
D. Fixed-pattern Noise
Fixed-pattern noise is usually a cosmetic blemish characterized by a faint hexagonal (honeycomb) pattern that appears throughout the viewing area. This typically occurs in excessively lit environments or
when viewing very bright lights (see Figure 4-4). This pattern can be seen in every image intensifier if
the level of light is high enough. This condition is acceptable as long as the pattern does not interfere
with the user’s ability to view an image or interfere with their ability to perform missions.
Figure 4-4. FIXED-PATTERN NOISE
32
E. Chicken Wire
Chicken wire is an irregular pattern of dark thin lines that can appear in the field of view, either throughout the image area or in sections of the image area (see Figure 4-5). In the worst-case scenario, these
lines will form hexagonal or square, wave-shaped lines. No action is required if this condition is present,
unless it interferes with the user’s ability to view the image or their ability to perform missions.
Figure 4-5. CHICKEN WIRE
4.4 Maintenance
4.4.1 General
The section regarding Vulcan operator maintenance consists of operational tests, inspections for unit
serviceability, cleaning and mounting procedures, and replacement instructions for a limited number
of parts. Maintenance instructions covered elsewhere in this manual (PMCS, troubleshooting, etc.) are
not repeated in this section.
CAUTION:
The Vulcan is a precision electron-optical instrument, and must be handled carefully at all times
to prevent damage to the device’s body and mechanisms.
4.4.2 CLEANING PROCEDURES
CAUTION:
Thoroughly dry each item before placing them into the storage case.
Clean the Vulcan as follows:
1. Gently brush off any dirt from the unit’s body using a clean, soft cloth.
2. Moisten the cloth with fresh water and gently wipe external surfaces (except for glass surfaces).
3. Dry any wet surfaces (except for glass surfaces) with another clean, soft, dry cloth.
4. Using a lens brush, carefully remove all loose dirt from the glass surfaces.
5. Slightly dampen a cotton swab with ethanol. Gently and slowly wipe the lenses (including the photoreceiver and the pivotal focusing lens). Without touching the lens holders, clean the glass surfaces
in circular movements, beginning in the center and moving out towards the edge. Change the cotton swab after each circular stroke. Repeat until the glass surfaces are clean.
6. Clean the battery contact surfaces and contact springs with a pencil eraser and/ or alcohol-dampened cotton swabs.
Clean optional devices with a soft brush (cloth), soap, and water as required.
33
4.4.3 Battery Removal and Replacement
Refer to Part 3.1.1 for Vulcan and IR850 battery installation procedures.
Replace the remote control batteries as follows:
1. Using a screwdriver, unscrew the four screws (A, Figure 4-6) that affix the cover to the bottom of the
unit. Remove the cover.
2. Replace the batteries with two new ones (CR2016, 3V). Align the polarity (plus and minus) symbols
on the batteries with those on the battery compartment.
3. Replace the cover and retighten the screws (A).
A
Figure 3-11. Advanced Wireless Remote Control. Battery Installation
4.5 Return Instructions
For service, repair or replacement, please email service@armasight.com.
To assist the Service Representative (SR) with determining whether or not an item is repairable, please
provide the following information:
1. Serial Number of the defective item. This is engraved on the body of the device.
2. Thorough description of the malfunction, defect or damage.
3. An explanation of how the malfunction, defect or damage occurred, if known.
If the SR determines that the item is under warranty or should be returned for repair, a Return Material
Authorization number (RMA#) will be provided. RMA can be obtained via e-mail to
service@armasight.com, via phone by calling Armasight Customer Service at (888) 959-2259 Ext. 2, or
via fax at (888) 959-2260.
When returning the Vulcan for service or repair, the following procedures should be done to prevent
any additional damage:
1. Verify that the Vulcan is free of all contaminants, such as dirt or any other foreign material.
2. Remove the battery.
3. Place the cap over the objective lens.
4. Screw the cap onto the output lens.
5. Place the Vulcan and its accessories into the shipping case. Place the Vulcan and a copy of the test report (or detailed description of the failure) in a suitable packing/ shipping container. Mark the package with the RMA#. Ship using a fast, traceable service. Shipping must be prepaid by the Customer.
34
.
Appendix
A. ESTIMATION OF AMBIENT ILLUMINATION LEVEL
Table A-1 lists some common natural light conditions and their corresponding representative illumination values.
TABLE A-1. Standard Natural Light Conditions and Illumination Values
Standard Natural Light Conditions
Illumination Value, lux
Quarter moon
0.05
Full moon
0.30
Late twilight sky
1.00
Twilight sky
10.00
Overcast sky in the daytime
500.00
B. LIST OF SPARE PARTS
The parts authorized in the below list of spare parts are required for operator maintenance. This list
includes parts that must be removed in order to replace authorized parts.
The ITEM NO. Column indicates the number used to identify items in Figure B-1.
The PART NO. Column indicates the primary number used by the manufacturer to identify an item; this
number controls the design and characteristics of the item by means of its engineering, specifications,
standards, and inspection requirements.
5
6
4
15
7
3
16
17
18
2
1
8
9
14
13
10
11,12
19
20
21
22
Figure B-1. Vulcan Spare Parts
35
TABLE B-1. Vulcan LIST OF SPARE PARTS
ITEM NO.
1
DESCRIPTION
PART NO.
Objective Lens Cap
VLCNOLC
2
Weaver Rail
VLCNwR
3
Turret Cap Retainer
VLCNTCR
4
Reticle Brightness Adjustment Knob
VLCNRBAK
5
Turret Cap
VLCNTC
6
Gain Control Knob
VLCNGCK
7
Eyepiece Assembly
VLCNEPA
8
Eyepiece Cup
VLCNEPC
9
Turn Switch with Spring-loaded Stop
VLCNTS
10
Pivoted Shutter
VLCNPS
11
Battery Cap
VLCNBC
12
Battery Adapter
VLCNBA
13
Battery Cap Retainer
VLCNBCR
14
Double Lever-Lock Quick Release Picatinny Mount VLCNQRM
15
2X Afocal Lens
VLCNAFL
16
Advanced Wireless Remote Control
ANWR000001
17
Picatinny Adapter for Advanced Wireless Remote Control
ANRA000002
18
IR850 Detachable Long Range Infrared Illuminator
IAIR850IR000001
19
CR123A Lithium Battery
CR123A
20
Special Wrench
VLCNSW
21
Operation and Maintenance Manual
VLCNOMM
22
Carrying Case
VLCNCC
C. Product Warranty Registration Card
In order to validate the warranty on your product, Armasight must receive a completed Product Warranty Registration Card for each unit, or the user must complete warranty registration on our website
(www.armasight.com). Please complete the included form and immediately mail it to our Service Center:
Armasight Inc.
815 Dubuque Avenue
South San Francisco, CA 94080
USA
36
ARMASIGHT PRODUCT WARRANTY REGISTRATION CARD
PRODUCT INFORMATION
Product Name
Purchased From
Purchase Date
Product Serial #
CUSTOMER INFORMATION
Name
Address
City
Day Phone #
Country
Zip
Home Phone #
E-mail address
Customer Signature Required
37
38
39
Armasight Inc.
815 Dubuque Avenue
South San Francisco
CA 94080, USA
Phone: (888)959-2259
Fax: (888)959-2260
Intl Phone/Fax: (650)492-7755
info@armasight.com
CAUTION:
This product contains natural rubber latex
which may cause allergic reactions! The FDA
has reported an increase in the number of deaths
that are associated with an apparent sensitivity
to natural latex proteins. If you are allergic to
latex, it is a good idea to learn which products
contain it and strictly avoid exposure to those
products.
www.armasight.com