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9145ELB NID Software

Version 4.01

User’s Manual

NOTICE

Canoga Perkins has prepared this user’s manual for use by customers and Canoga

Perkins personnel as a guide for the proper installation, operation and/or maintenance of

Canoga Perkins equipment. The drawings, specifications and information contained in this document are the property of Canoga Perkins and any unauthorized use or disclosure of such drawings, specifications and information is prohibited.

Canoga Perkins reserves the right to change or update the contents of this manual and to change the specifications of its products at any time without prior notification. Every effort has been made to keep the information in this document current and accurate as of the date of publication or revision. However, no guarantee is given or implied that the document is error free or that it is accurate with regard to any specification.

CANOGA PERKINS CORPORATION

20600 Prairie Street

Chatsworth, California 913116008

Business Phone: (818) 7186300

(Monday through Friday 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. Pacific Time)

FAX: (818) 7186312 (24 hrs.)

Web Site: www.canoga.com

Email: [email protected]

Copyright © 2012 Canoga Perkins Corporation

All Rights Reserved

EdgeAccess®

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

Product Number 6914105

July 2012

RevB

EdgeAccess and Canoga Perkins are registered trademarks of Canoga Perkins Corp.

To find Technical Advisories and Product Release Notes, go to the Canoga Perkins web site at http://www.canoga.com.

Contents

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

Chapter 1. Introduction .......................................................................... 1

About the 9145ELB Software ................................................................................... 1

Management Access................................................................................................ 1

Management Security Features ............................................................................... 2

Three Levels of Security........................................................................................... 2

Feature Access Level Configuration ........................................................................ 3

Terminology.............................................................................................................. 3

Chapter 2. Getting Started ..................................................................... 5

Configuring Terminal Management .......................................................................... 5

Setting Up SNMP Network Management ................................................................. 6

About MIBs............................................................................................................ 6

9145ELB Set-up.................................................................................................... 6

Management User Interface..................................................................................... 6

Login......................................................................................................................... 7

Main Menu................................................................................................................ 8

Supported MIBs...................................................................................................... 10 i

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

ii

Chapter 3. System Configuration ........................................................ 11

System Configuration Menu ................................................................................... 11

IP/SNMP Agent Configuration................................................................................ 14

Management IP Configuration ............................................................................ 14

Auxiliary IP Configuration.................................................................................... 17

Host Table........................................................................................................... 19

Add or Edit a Managing Host IP .................................................................... 19

Trap Table........................................................................................................... 21

Adding or Editing a Trap Manager................................................................. 21

Delete a Trap Table Entry.............................................................................. 27

Trap Configuration .............................................................................................. 27

Security Configuration ............................................................................................ 30

Password Configuration ...................................................................................... 30

Lockout/Logout Configuration ............................................................................. 31

Account Configuration ............................................................................................ 32

Three Levels of Security ..................................................................................... 33

Feature Access Level Configuration ................................................................... 33

Add or Edit an Account ....................................................................................... 33

Delete an Account............................................................................................... 35

System Information ................................................................................................ 36

RADIUS Client........................................................................................................ 37

RADIUS client configuration................................................................................ 37

SNTP Client Configuration ..................................................................................... 39

SYSLOG Client Configuration ................................................................................ 41

Hardware Information............................................................................................. 42

Chapter 4. Diagnostics ......................................................................... 45

Diagnostic Functions .............................................................................................. 45

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

Loopback Setup ..................................................................................................... 46

Latency/Jitter Test .................................................................................................. 48

PING Generation.................................................................................................... 51

Cable Diagnostics .................................................................................................. 53

Chapter 5. Port Information ................................................................. 55

Port Description...................................................................................................... 55

Link Status.............................................................................................................. 56

Port Configuration .................................................................................................. 57

Hardware Information.......................................................................................... 58

Port Config/Status Screens................................................................................. 59

Port Filters........................................................................................................... 62

Network Side Forwarding Configuration................................................................. 63

Layer 2 Statistics .................................................................................................... 65

Layer 2 Counter Definitions................................................................................. 67

Layer 2 Statistics ........................................................................................... 67

Layer 2 Error Statistics Screen ...................................................................... 67

Layer 2 Frame Type Statistics ....................................................................... 68

RMON Group 1 Statistics ....................................................................................... 69

Chapter 6. System Alarms & Logs ...................................................... 73

System Alarms ...................................................................................................... 73

System Log ............................................................................................................ 74

Log Display Filter Configuration ......................................................................... 75

Chapter 7. Utilities ................................................................................ 77

Utilities Menu.......................................................................................................... 77

Set Date and Time ................................................................................................. 78 iii

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

Reset Configuration To Default .............................................................................. 78

Change Password .................................................................................................. 78

VT100 Baud Rate................................................................................................... 79

PING Generation.................................................................................................... 79

Static ARP Table .................................................................................................... 80

Dynamic ARP Table ............................................................................................... 81

Chapter 8. Software Upgrade............................................................... 83

Flash Memory......................................................................................................... 83

Software Reset....................................................................................................... 83

Swap Bank & Reset ............................................................................................... 83

Swap Bank After Download and Reset .................................................................. 84

Get Software Upgrades with TFTP ........................................................................ 85

Software Upgrades Using FTP or SFTP ................................................................ 86

Software Download using FTP............................................................................ 86

Software Download using SFTP ......................................................................... 87

Hardware Reset .................................................................................................. 88

Chapter 9. CoS Configuration.............................................................. 89

Class of Service ..................................................................................................... 89

9145ELB Queuing Functionality............................................................................. 89

CoS Support........................................................................................................... 92

Enabling or Disabling CoS Support..................................................................... 92

CoS Queues Configuration .................................................................................... 93

Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping ..................................................................... 93

Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping .................................................................. 96

IP Precedence Mode ..................................................................................... 97 iv

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) Mode .......................................... 97

Assured Forwarding (AF)/ Expedited Forwarding (EF).................................. 98

Queues Configuration on User Ports .................................................................. 99

Queues Configuration on Network Ports........................................................... 101

ED Drop Profiles on User Ports ........................................................................ 102

ED Drop Profiles on Network Ports................................................................... 102

Queue Statistics ................................................................................................... 103

Chapter 10. Configuring EVC............................................................. 105

Introduction........................................................................................................... 105

EVC Functionality................................................................................................. 105

EVC Records ................................................................................................... 105

User-to-Network Functionality........................................................................... 106

Network-to-User Functionality........................................................................... 106

Statistics............................................................................................................ 106

Screen Navigation............................................................................................. 107

EVC Configuration................................................................................................ 109

Create an EVC Record ..................................................................................... 110

Delete an EVC Record...................................................................................... 111

Modify an EVC record ...................................................................................... 112

Viewing or Modifying the C-VLAN List......................................................... 118

Mapping a Queue on the User Port in C-VID .............................................. 119

Display EVC Statistics...................................................................................... 120

S-TPID/T-TPID Configuration ........................................................................... 123

Chapter 11. Bandwidth Profiles ......................................................... 125

Bandwidth Profiles................................................................................................ 125

Policers................................................................................................................. 127

Shapers ................................................................................................................ 128 v

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

Shaper statistics................................................................................................ 130

Queue size and yellow packet thresholds ............................................................ 130

Configuring Bandwidth Profiles ............................................................................ 131

Create a Bandwidth Profile ............................................................................... 131

Delete a Bandwidth Profile............................................................................... 133

Modify a Bandwidth Profile............................................................................... 133

User to Network Ingress Policers ......................................................................... 135

Modifying a Policer............................................................................................ 135

Viewing Policer Statistics .................................................................................. 137

User to Network Egress Shapers ......................................................................... 138

Viewing the Shapers List................................................................................... 138

Modifying a Shaper ........................................................................................... 138 vi

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

Preface

About this Manual

This manual provides instructions on the configuration and operation of the 9145ELB Network

Interface Device (NID) Version 4.01 software. The 9145ELB NID can be managed using the EIA-

232 serial port through a VT100 terminal emulation program, through an Ethernet connection using Telnet, or by using SNMP.

How this Manual is Organized

This document contains both information and procedures organized in roughly chronological order. Starting from an introduction to the 9145ELB software, it continues with system requirements, initial implementation, and ongoing operation.

The document includes the following chapters:

• Chapter 1, Introduction provides basic information about the software and navigation.

• Chapter 2, Getting Started describes how to set up and get started using the 9145ELB.

• Chapter 3, System Configuration describes how to configure the 9145ELB management features.

• Chapter 4, Diagnostics describes how to configure and perform routine network diagnostics.

• Chapter 5, Port Information describes the User Port, Network Ports, and the Management UTP port.

• Chapter 6, System Alarms & Logs describes how to configure System Alarms and System Logs.

• Chapter 7, Utilities describes system utilities.

• Chapter 8, Software Upgrade describes how to upgrade the NID software.

• Chapter 9, CoS Configuration describes how to enable or disable Class of Service support that includes classification, queuing, scheduling and queue management functions for the 9145ELB.

• Chapter 10, Configuring EVC describes Ethernet Virtual Connection (EVC) functionality and the entities required for its configuration.

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

• Chapter 11, Bandwidth Profiles describes 9145ELB bandwidth profiling.

Contacting Technical Support

Contact Canoga Perkins technical support (1-800-360-6642), or your 9145ELB support supplier, for hardware and software support, including product repairs and part ordering. Please have the following information available:

• NID model and serial number

• NID software version

• Detailed description of the problem and specific questions

• Details from messages in system log (if available)

• Description of any troubleshooting steps already performed and results

Documentation Feedback

Because quality is our first concern at Canoga Perkins, we have made every effort to ensure the accuracy and completeness of this document. However, if you find an error or an omission, or you think that a topic needs further development, we want to hear from you. Forward your feedback to: [email protected]. Provide the title and version number and as much detail as possible about your issue, including the topic heading, page number, and your suggestions for improvement.

viii

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Introduction

Management Access

Chapter 1

Introduction

1.0 About the 9145ELB Software

The 9145ELB is a Multiport Network Interface Device (NID) with a modular Network Port. The sixteen User Ports can operate at a rate of up to 1Gbps. The User Ports can be either copper

(10/100/1000 Mbps UTP) or optical (SFP). The supported Network Port module is the Dual 10G

Optical Ethernet Module

The two 10G ports (10G1 and 10G2) can be administratively configured as one 10G User Port and one 10G Network Port, or as two 10G Network Ports. The ports can additionally be configured to be part of the same Link Aggregation Group (LAG) to act as a protected uplink when both 10G ports are set as Network Ports. The 9145ELB supports Link Aggregation compliant with IEEE 802.1AX-2008.

NOTE: LAG is not enabled in this release.

When the 9145ELB is equipped with a SONET/SDH network port module, it can be used to encapsulate customer Ethernet frames for transport over SONET networks.

The 9145ELB supports VLAN multiplexing of C-VLANs into S-VLANs. This feature allows customer frames to be multiplexed into S-VLANs through the use of a C-VLAN/S-VLAN Map. An additional VLAN Tag, the Tunnel tag (or T-Tag) may be added to the egress frames on the

Network Port. Tunnel Tags may be useful when transporting services through third-party/ wholesale Operators.

1.1 Management Access

The 9145ELB can be managed through several access ports.

VT-100 Terminal The VT-100 menu-based user interface is used to manage the NID locally via the EIA-232 serial port, primarily to perform initial configurations on the NID before it is connected to the network.

Telnet Once the 9145ELB has been connected to your network, it can be accessed using Telnet.

All commands and functions are available using standard Telnet software.

SNMP All commands and functions are also available using an SNMP manager. The 9145ELB supports SNMP v1/v2c/v3 and many standard MIBs as well as CP proprietary MIBs. See

“Supported MIBs” on page 10.

1

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Introduction

Management Security Features

1.2 Management Security Features

The 9145ELB has comprehensive management access security features, including SNMPv3 authorization, RADIUS, password formatting, and user access controls. You can set values and options within the software that will work with the security protocols on your network. The four network security protocols listed below are supported. In addition, the 9145ELB provides options to define strong passwords, independent of the security protocols.

SNMPv3 Provides authentication and encryption of management traffic across a network.

Remote Access Dial In User Security (RADIUS) The RADIUS server maintains user account information. At login, the 9145ELB queries the server which authenticates the username and password and sends a message to the 9145ELB to allow the login. The RADIUS server can also be set up to require additional authentication information before accepting the user. If the username or password is not valid, the RADIUS server sends a message to the 9145ELB to disallow the login and reject the user.

Secure Shell version 2 (SSH-2) SSH-2 provides authentication and encryption for a secure remote Telnet connection. SSH can be configured to provide unique User Accounts.

Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) SFTP adds encryption to protect uploaded files during the file transfer process, such as for a software update.

1.3 Three Levels of Security

Most Service Provider management networks allow different access levels to various types of employees (e.g., field technicians will have restricted access to some configuration parameters, while NOC administrators typically have full access to all parameters). Offering tiered management access to network elements allows Service Providers to protect their network against unauthorized access and misconfigurations.

The 9145ELB allows view-based access to be set up for user interface features and SNMP access. A capabilities file allows views to be defined in an ASCII file and downloaded to the NID.

A three-level security system on the 9145ELB controls all user interface and SNMPv3 access.

All 9145ELB features require that the user have a certain access level. The logged in user or

SNMPv3 manager’s access level is used to validate and control access to the 9145ELB features. When accessing a menu item or an SNMP object, the user’s access level is checked against the access level required for the feature. If the user’s access level is sufficient, then the access is granted. If the user’s access level is not sufficient, an error message is displayed in the status area, or an SNMP error is returned.

The three access levels are supervisor, operator, and observer.

• In the default configuration, the supervisor access level is allowed complete access to all

9145ELB features including configuring the security system.

• The operator access level is allowed access to the 9145ELB features except those relating to the 9145ELB’s security system. This level can be configurable by the administrator.

• The observer access level is allowed access to the 9145ELB features that do not modify the 9145ELB’s configuration. This level can be configurable by the administrator.

2

Introduction

Feature Access Level Configuration

1.4 Feature Access Level Configuration

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

The 9145ELB has a default assignment of access levels. Creating and downloading a text file called 9145E.cap to the 9145ELB can change this assignment. This file contains mappings between module features and the access level required to access the feature.

As an example the entry that controls access to the Maximum Frame Size setting looks like

maxFrameSize=operator. This entry indicates that to change the Maximum Frame Size, a user’s account must have “operator” access level or greater.

The default 9145E.cap file containing the 9145ELB built-in security rules is provided with the

9145ELB release. To modify the security rules, simply modify the provided 9145E.cap file and download this modified file to the 9145ELB. The 9145E.cap file is downloaded to the 9145ELB via the normal FTP/SFTP/TFTP in the same manner as downloading a firmware file to the

9145ELB (see sections 8.4 and 8.5). The same file may be downloaded to multiple 9145ELBs to ensure the same security rules.

If the file 9145E.cap is not downloaded to the 9145ELB, then the default access level mappings in the 9145ELB are used. If a feature is not present in the file “9145E.cap” that is downloaded to the 9145ELB, then the default access level mapping in the 9145ELB is used. If errors are found in this file, these errors are displayed in the system log.

1.5 Terminology

C-VID

DSCP

EVC

EVPL

HDLC

LAG

LCAS

LLQ

MEN

The following terms and acronyms are used in this manual.

Term

AFEF

Description

Assured Forwarding Expedited Forwarding

CEN

CFM

CoS

CRC

Carrier Ethernet Network

Connectivity Fault Management

Class of Service

Cyclic Redundancy Check

Customer VLAN Identification

Differentiated Service Code Point

Ethernet Virtual Connection

Ethernet Virtual Private Line

High-Level Data Link Control

Link Aggregation Group

Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme

Low Latency Queue

Metro Ethernet Network

3

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

MP

NID

NPA

OAM

PCP

VPLS

Maintenance Point

Network Interface Device

Network Performance Assurance

Operation, Administration and Maintenance

Priority Code Point

Virtual Private LAN Services

Introduction

Terminology

4

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Getting Started

Chapter 2

Getting Started

2.0 Configuring Terminal Management

When you use the EIA-232 Serial Port for VT-100 sessions, Canoga Perkins suggests that you use HyperTerminal or a similar type of terminal emulation software for a PC.

NOTE: Microsoft Windows Vista and Windows 7 Operating Systems do not include HyperTerminal. If your PC uses either of these operating systems, you will need to install a terminal emulation program.

To setup a terminal emulation session between HyperTerminal and the 9145ELB:

1. Select Start > All Programs > Accessories > Communications > HyperTerminal.

2. At the Connection Description dialog, select an icon and enter the name for the connection. Click OK.

3. At the Connect To dialog, select the Connect Using menu. Select the COM port and click OK.

4. Select the Port Settings tab from the COM Properties dialog. Make the following selections: a. Bits per second: 9600 bps b. Data bits: 8 c. Parity: None d. Stop bits: 1 e. Flow control: None

6. Click OK.

7. Go to File > Properties >Settings and change the Emulation setting from Auto detect to

VT100.

8. HyperTerminal connects to the system and the VT100 terminal emulation starts.

5

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

2.1 Setting Up SNMP Network Management

Getting Started

Setting Up SNMP Network Management

The 9145ELB communicates with CanogaView or your Network Management Platform either inband, via the Network Port, or out of band, via the Management UTP port.

2.1.1 About MIBs

To communicate with the 9145ELB using SNMP, standard Management Information Bases

(MIBs) are required on your Network Management Platform. See the table “Supported MIBs” on page 10 for a list of MIBs.

Additionally, Canoga Perkins Private MIBs are needed on the Management Platform to manage tasks specific to the Canoga Perkins 9145ELB. The Canoga Perkins Private MIBs are available for download in the Client Support area of the Canoga Perkins web site. Go to www.canoga.com, then click on Client Support.

NOTE: To log in to the client site or secure site, use the serial number of the 9145ELB to register.

2.1.2 9145ELB Set-up

Several TCP/IP and SNMP parameters must be configured before you can access the 9145ELB from CanogaView or your Management Platform. These parameters include TCP/IP Address,

Authorized Host List, and Privileges. These parameters are initialized from a VT-100 terminal connected to the RS-232 Serial Port. Refer to “System Configuration Menu” on page 11 for details on configuring these parameters.

2.2 Management User Interface

The Management User Interface for the 9145ELB provides a menu driven interface for setup, monitoring, and diagnostics. You can access the screens directly by connecting to the serial port of the 9145ELB or using Telnet.

A typical screen (Figure 2-1) includes standard descriptions and reference designations. Use this

and other screens to configure the system, set operational parameters, and verify the system status. All screens use a common method for navigation.

NOTE: Status screens do not have selectable items.

Use the following methods to navigate screens:

• When a menu item is highlighted, press the Space bar to view the options for that item.

• Press Tab to move the highlight to the next column.

• Press Enter to select the highlighted option for a menu item or to go to the next line.

• Press Esc once to cancel an action or to return to the previous screen.

To select an item from a screen menu enter the menu item number. For example, you would type

6 and press Enter to select “Utilities” as shown in Figure 2-1.

6

Getting Started

Login

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011

9145ELB-B83-M-0 V04.01 10:55:13

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1) System Configuration

2) Diagnostics

3) Port Information

5) System Log

6) Utilities

7) Software Upgrade

8) Manage Logged In Users

10) EVC Configuration

11) Bandwidth Profile Enforcement

12) Logout

Select [1-13]:

MESSAGES &

URGENT STATUS

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 2-1 Screen Format

2.3 Login

The first screen is the Login screen (Figure 2-2). Type your Username and press Enter. The

Password prompt appears. Type your Password and press Enter. If the Username or Password are incorrect, you will be returned to the Username Prompt and the message Invalid Username/

Password entered will be displayed.

CAUTION: The default username is admin and the default password is also admin

(all lower case letters). Canoga Perkins strongly recommends you change the default username and password during your initial configuration session.

7

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Getting Started

Main Menu

Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011

9145ELB-B83-M-0 V04.01 10:55:13

--------------------------------------LOGIN SCREEN-----------------------------

Please Enter Login Username : admin

Please Enter Login Password : *****

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 2-2 Login screen

When you successfully log in, the Main Menu (Figure 2-3) appears. Use the Main Menu to access all 9145ELB functions, including setup, diagnostics, and reports.

See the sections “Account Configuration” on page 32 and “Password Configuration” on page 30 for information about configuring you account and changing your password.

CAUTION: If you lose both your Username and Password, return the unit to Canoga Perkins for Factory Service and reset.

2.4 Main Menu

Following is a brief description of the Main Menu items.

1. System Configuration The System Configuration menu is used to view and set values for system information and TCP/IP management communications parameters.

2. Diagnostics The Diagnostics menu is used to set up various troubleshooting tests, including Loopback, Latency/Jitter, PING tests, or Cable Diagnostics.

3. Port Information The Port Information menu is used to ascertain the current conditions for all ports in the 9145ELB, to set and view the configuration information for specific ports, check Link Status and Layer 2 Statistics and configure Link Aggregation functionality.

4. System Alarms The System Alarms screen is used to view current alarm conditions.

5. System Log The System Log screen displays a list of recent traps, alarms, and events.

6. Utilities The Utilities menu is used to set-up and display basic functional information.

8

Getting Started

Main Menu

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-20111

9145ELB-B83-M-0 V04.01 10:55:13

-------------------------------------MAIN MENU---------------------------------

1) System Configuration

2) Diagnostics

3) Port Information

4) System Alarms

5) System Log

6) Utilities

7) Software Upgrade

8) Manage Logged In Users

9) CoS Configuration

10) EVC Configuration

11) Bandwidth Profile Enforcement

12) Logout

Select [1-14]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 2-3 Main Menu

7. Software Upgrade The Software Upgrade screen is used to download and install new firmware using TFTP, swap firmware banks, and reset the 9145ELB.

8. Manage Logged In Users The Manage Logged In Users screen is used by the administrator to view current users, and to terminate user sessions when required.

9. CoS Configuration The Class of Service (CoS) Configuration menu is used to enable or disable classification support, and to establish priority to queue mapping, set up queue configuration, create drop profiles, and view queue statistics.

10. EVC Configuration The Ethernet Virtual Connection (EVC) Configuration menu is used to configure VLAN Multiplexing.

11. Bandwidth Profile Enforcement The Bandwidth Profile Enforcement menu is used to configure bandwidth profiles for traffic management.

12. Logout Logout terminates your current session.

9

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Getting Started

Supported MIBs

2.5 Supported MIBs

This section lists all supported MIBs including Standard MIBs and the Canoga Perkins MIBs.

mib-2.my

ifmib.my

rmon.my

hcrmon.my

Table 2-1. Standard MIBs

ping.my

rmon2.my

entitymib.my

Table 2-2. Canoga Perkins MIBs Supported in Release 4.01

cp9145estatus.my

cploopback.my

cpsyslog.my

cpaccounts.my

cpcablediag.my

cpmgmtstatus.my

cpnetmodulestatus.my

cpsystemlog.my

cpte.my

cpcos.my

cpcvidtopcpmap.my

cpentity.my

cpentitynaming.my

cpping.my

cpportconfig.my

cppowersupply.my

cpradius.my

cptrapconfig.my

cptraptb.my

cpvlanloopback.my

cpvlanmux.my

cpfanstatus.my

cphosttb.my

cpifmib.my

cpipconfig.my

cplatency.my

cpsecurity.my

cpsfpstatus.my

cpsntp.my

cpstatus.my

cpsysinf.my

10

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual System Configuration

Chapter 3

System Configuration

3.0 System Configuration Menu

The System Configuration menu (Figure 3-1) allows you to access the screens where you can

configure the 9145ELB management parameters, including its IP Address, user account and security settings, SNMP Agent, and SYSLOG configuration. This menu allows the user to configure all the settings needed for the administration of the 9145ELB. The following sections describes each item on the System Configuration menu.

Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011

9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01 10:55:13

----------------------------------SYSTEM CONFIGURATION-------------------------

1) IP/SNMP Agent Configuration

2) Trap Configuration

3) Security Configuration

4) Account Configuration

5) System Information

6) RADIUS Client Configuration

7) SNTP Client Configuration

8) SYSLOG Client Configuration

9) Hardware Information

Select [1-9]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-1 System Configuration Menu

Figure 3-2 shows a logical model for a 9145ELB NID. The NID consists of a forwarding plane, a

control plane, an internal port that connects the two planes and external ports that provide connectivity to other network elements.

11

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual System Configuration

Figure 3-2 Logical Model for a NID

The forwarding plane is responsible for processing service frames exchanged between Client and Network Ports, while the control plane is responsible for processing packets carrying messages for administrative control of the 9145ELB, along with synthetic test traffic generated by the NID. A physical internal port provides connectivity between the forwarding and control planes. The port that connects the control plane to the forwarding plane can have multiple logical interfaces. For example, the management agent can be attached to this interface by assigning it an IP Address. Likewise, the Test IP or Aux IP entities can present themselves on this interface by enabling them on the NID and assigning them IP Addresses.

Manager This is the management entity of the NID. An IP Address can be user assigned to the Manager. The Manager is responsible for peering a variety of management protocols, such as TELNET, SNMP, SFTP and RADIUS, to name a few. The Manager's IP Address is typically configured as an address on the

Service Provider's management network. The Manager will process any packet received with this IP Address in the packet's destination address field.

Likewise, the Manager will generate IP packets with this address as its source address field.

Test IP The Test IP entity generates and peers synthetic test traffic, such as Canoga

Perkins proprietary Latency/Jitter test traffic. The Test IP Address is user configurable and the entity presents this address on the logical interface. The

Test IP entity will process any packet received with this IP Address in the packet's destination address field. Likewise, the entity will generate IP packets with this address as its source address field.

12

System Configuration

Aux IP

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

The Aux IP entity can be user assigned to any port on the NID. The user can configure an Aux IP Address for this entity that is not on the Manager's subnet.

In this manner, the Aux IP can be used for diagnostic purposes, by allowing the user to PING subnets not accessible by the Manager IP. The Aux IP entity will process any packet received with this IP Address in the packet's destination address field. Likewise, the entity will generate IP packets with this address as its source address field.

Figure 3-3 Typical Application of the Control Plane Entities

Figure 3-3 shows how these different entities are typically used by a Service Provider. The grey

cloud represents the Service Provider's network, with the NIDs placed as the demarcation points of the service (in this example, it is a Carrier Ethernet network delivering an EVPL service to a customer, but it could have been an IP, VPLS, or any other type of service, for that matter).

The NIDs are typically managed via IP over a management VLAN. Each Manager will be assigned an available IP Address by the OSS administrator, and the management VLAN will be configured in each NID. A host on the OSS can then manage each NID by TELNET, or by using an SNMP manager application. This traffic is shown in orange in the diagram.

Let us say the Service Provider wants to monitor the latency and jitter between the UNIs (i.e.,

between the Client Port of NID A and that of the NID B in Figure 3-3). A Test IP can be setup on

each NID in this point-to-point service. The Test IP Addresses chosen must be unique on each

NID and on the same subnet. NID A can then generate test traffic (shown in green) out the

Network Port to NID B. NID B will receive this test traffic, insert timestamps where appropriate, and send it back to NID A for final processing. In this manner, NID A can test the path and gather precise latency and jitter measurements between the two endpoints.

In addition to monitoring the performance of the service, the Service Provider might also like to monitor the connectivity between the NIDs and the CEs. The Service Provider and the customer can agree on exchanging ICMP Echo Request/Reply messages across the UNI (i.e., the Service

Provider and customer agree to allow PINGs to be generated from the NID to the CE). The IP interface on the CE may very well be on a subnet that is different from the Manager (or the Test

IP, for that matter). Therefore, the Aux IP can be configured independently with an IP Address and VLAN that provides connectivity to the CE for ICMP messages. The Service Provider can then generate ICMP Echo Requests to the CE, and the CE can reply back with ICMP Echo Reply

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual System Configuration

IP/SNMP Agent Configuration messages. If there is no reply from the CE, the Service Provider will know instantaneously that there is a fault in the connectivity between the two network elements.

3.1 IP/SNMP Agent Configuration

The IP/SNMP Agent Configuration screen (Figure 3-4) configures the Management IP, Test IP,

and Auxiliary IP settings, and is used to add, edit, or delete Host Table and Trap Table entries.

The Management IP, Test IP, and Auxiliary IP Addresses are used for managing and conducting testing on a TCP/IP network.

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-------------------------------IP/SNMP AGENT CONFIGURATION---------------------

1) Management IP Configuration

2) Auxiliary IP Configuration

3) Host Table

4) Trap Table

Select [1-4]

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-4 IP/SNMP Agent Configuration screen

3.1.1 Management IP Configuration

On the IP/SNMP Agent Configuration screen (Figure 3-4), type 1 and press Enter. The

Management IP Configuration screen (Figure 3-5) opens.

Use this screen to configure the Management IP of the 9145ELB, including the subnet mask, gateway, and management VLAN, and to configure which ports can be used for management access. See your network administrator for information and help with determining the appropriate parameters.

1. Manager IP Address Sets the 9145ELB Manager IP Address.

Subnet Mask Sets the 9145ELB Manager IP Subnet Mask.

Default Gateway Sets the IP Address of the Default Gateway.

2. Manager Port Used to select the port(s) to allow Management Communication access.

Options are: Network Port, MGMT UTP Port, and Disabled.

3. Manager VLAN Tagging Configures the interface to the Manager to be untagged, single-tagged, double-tagged, or triple-tagged. The options are:

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• Untagged (default): Management PDUs are transported without a VLAN tag.

DA SA IP Header Management PDU FCS

• S-Tagged: Management PDUs are encapsulated by an S-Tag.

DA SA S-Tag IP Header Management PDU FCS

• S-T Tagged: Management PDUs are encapsulated by an outer S-Tag and an inner T-Tag.

DA SA S-Tag T-Tag IP Header Management PDU FCS

• S-C Tagged: Management PDUs are encapsulated by an outer S-Tag and an inner C-Tag .

DA SA S-Tag C-Tag IP Header Management PDU FCS

• S-T-C Tagged: Management PDUs are encapsulated by an outer S-Tag, a middle

T-Tag, and an inner C-Tag.

DA SA S-Tag T-Tag C-Tag IP Header Management PDU FCS

NOTE: For the Mgmt UTP Port, only Untagged or C-tagged is allowed.

4. Manager C-VLAN ID If Manager VLAN Tagging is set to S-C Tagged or S-T-C Tagged, you can set the C-VLAN Tag ID between 1 and 4094.

5. Manager T-VLAN ID If Manager VLAN Tagging is set to S-T Tagged or S-T-C Tagged, you can set the T-VLAN Tag ID between 1 and 4094.

6. Manager S-VLAN ID If Manager VLAN Tagging is S-Tagged, S-T Tagged, S-C Tagged, or

S-T-C Tagged, you can set the S-VLAN Tag ID between 1 and 4094.

CAUTION: The Manager IP Address, Subnet Mask, and Gateway address can be changed when locally or remotely connected. When you change the Management IP Configuration via remote access, you will be automatically disconnected when the Gateway address is changed. You will need to reconnect using the updated Manager IP Address, Subnet

Mask, and Gateway address.

NOTE: The TPIDs for the S-Tag and T-Tag are configured at a system level. See the section “S-

TPID/T-TPID Configuration” on page 123 to configure the S-Tag and T-Tag TPIDs.

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---------------------------MANAGEMENT IP CONFIGURATION-------------------------

In-band Manager MAC Address 00 40 2A 04 12 D0

Manager MAC Address (MGMT UTP) 00 40 2A 04 12 D2

Manager Port Status UP

1) Manager IP Address 192.168.092.032

Subnet Mask 255.255.255.000

Default Gateway 192.168.092.001

2) Manager Port MGMT UTP Port

3) Manager VLAN Tagging Untagged

4) Manager C-VLAN ID 0

5) Manager T-VLAN ID 0

6) Manager S-VLAN ID 0

7) Test IP Address 000.000.000.000

Test Subnet Mask 255.255.255.000

8) Test Port User1 Port only

9) Telnet Security Disabled

10) Reply to Broadcast Ping Disabled

Select [1-10]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-5 Management IP Configuration screen

7. Test IP Address Sets the IP Address for optional test features.

Test Subnet Mask Sets the Subnet Mask for optional test features.

8. Test Port Used to select which port(s) allow access to the Test IP address.

• If the 10G2 port is configured as a Network Port, then options are User1 Port Only through User16 Port Only, 10G2 Port Only, and No Ports Allowed.

• If the 10G2 port is configured as a User Port, then options are User1 Port Only through User8 Port Only, 10G2 Port Only, and No Ports Allowed.

9. Telnet Security Enables or disables checking if the host initiating the Telnet session is listed in the host table. If Telnet Security is enabled the host must be included as part of the host table. Default is disabled, which allows access from all hosts.

10. Reply to Broadcast Ping Enables or disables the 9145ELB reply to ICMP packets with a broadcast IP Host Address in the Manager IP subnet. Broadcast Ping replies are an

ICMP packet and are rate limited to 100pps. Default is disabled.

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3.1.2 Auxiliary IP Configuration

On the IP/SNMP Agent Configuration screen (Figure 3-4), type 2 and press Enter. The Auxiliary

IP Configuration screen (Figure 3-6) opens.

The Auxiliary IP is an additional IP address that is provided for testing and connectivity only. It allows the 9145ELB to be PINGed without allowing Telnet or Management access that could be disruptive. The Auxiliary IP rate is limited to 500 pings per second. This allows connectivity and rudimentary performance testing from subscriber/user VLANs without compromising network security.

To configure the parameters, type the corresponding number and press Enter. Enter data or press the Space bar to view the configuration choices for the parameters described below.

Separate tagging configuration is necessary for User Side and Network side ports. All ports on the user side must share the same tagging configuration.

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------------------------------AUXILIARY IP CONFIGURATION-----------------------

1) Auxiliary IP Address 010.0012.013.014

Auxiliary Subnet Mask 255.255.255.000

2) Auxiliary Port 10G1 Port Only

3) Aux VLAN Tagging on Network ports S-T-C Tagged

4) Aux C-VLAN ID on Network ports 100

5) Aux T-VLAN ID on Network Ports 200

6) Aux S-VLAN ID on Network ports 300

7) Aux VLAN Tagging on User ports Untagged

8) Aux C-VLAN ID on User ports 1000

9) Allow Any Vlan Disabled

10) Aux IP Rate Limiting Enabled

Select [1-10]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-6 Auxiliary IP Configuration screen

1. Auxiliary IP Address Sets the 9145ELB Auxiliary IP Address.

Auxiliary Subnet Mask Sets the 9145ELB Auxiliary IP Subnet Mask.

2. Inband Auxiliary Port Describes the Auxiliary IP address ports.

• If the 10G2 port is configured as a Network Port, then options are User1 Port Only through User16 Port Only, Network Port, and No Ports Allowed.

• If the 10G2 port is configured as a User Port, then options are User1 Port Only through User8 Port Only, Network Port, 10G2 Port Only, and No Ports Allowed.

3. Auxiliary VLAN Tagging on Network ports Describes the tagging mode for the frames sent and received when the Auxiliary IP address is configured on the Network Port.

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Options are: Untagged, S-Tagged, S-C (double) Tagged, S-T (tunnel) tagged, and S-T-C

(triple) tagged.

4. Auxiliary C-VLAN ID on Network ports Sets the C-VLAN ID value (between 1 and

4094). Valid if the Auxiliary VLAN Tagging mode on Network ports is set to S-C Tagged or

S-T-C Tagged. The value defaults to zero if any of the other types of tagging are selected.

5. Auxiliary T-VLAN ID on Network ports Sets the T-VLAN ID value (between 1 and

4094). Valid if the Auxiliary VLAN Tagging mode on Network ports is set to S-T Tagged or

S-T-C Tagged. The value defaults to zero if any of the other types of tagging are selected.

6. Auxiliary S-VLAN ID on Network Sets the S-VLAN ID value (between 1 and 4094). Valid if the Auxiliary VLAN Tagging mode on Network ports is set to S-C tagged (Double

Tagged), S-Tagged, or S-T-C Tagged. The value defaults to 0 if any of the other type of tagging modes are selected.

7. Auxiliary VLAN Tagging on User Ports Describes the tagging mode for the frames sent and received when the Auxiliary IP address is configured on any of the User Ports.

Options are Untagged or C-Tagged.

8. Auxiliary C-VLAN ID on User Ports Sets the C-VLAN ID value (between 1 and 4094) for the C-Tags on User Ports. Valid if the Auxiliary VLAN Tagging mode on User Ports is set to C-Tagged.

9. Allow any VLAN If this option is enabled, frames addressed to the Auxiliary IP address are processed regardless of their VLAN tagging. All responses on such frames are tagged with the received VLAN ID. Frames initiated by the NID will still be tagged with the configured encapsulation (Options 3 to 7 above). If this option is disabled, received frames will only be processed if they have the VLAN ID set on this screen.

10. Auxiliary IP Rate Limiting Specifies whether the maximum limit of 500 frames per second is enforced for frames received on the Auxiliary IP address.

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3.1.3 Host Table

On the IP/SNMP Agent Configuration screen (Figure 3-4), type 3 and press Enter. The Host

Access Table screen (Figure 3-7) opens.

Use this screen to configure the 9145ELB to send and receive SNMP, FTP, and Telnet traffic to the Managing Host IP address, and access from specific Telnet clients when Telnet security is enabled. Use the Host Access Table to configure access by each host including access type and privileges (SNMP, FTP, Telnet).

Traps can be generated from the 9145ELB to a CanogaView host to initiate discovery or to synchronize the NID to CanogaView. Send Discovery Trap and Send Synchronization Trap have been added to the Host Table UI screen. When invoked from the screen, a trap is sent and logged to all the entries in the trap table, regardless of the master trap setting. When

CanogaView receives a Discovery trap it adds the unit to the database if it does not already know the unit. When CanogaView receives a Synchronization trap, it adds the unit to the database if it does not already know the unit, then synchronizes the unit. If it already knows the unit, it synchronizes the unit.

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--------------------------------HOST ACCESS TABLE------------------------------

Managing Host Telnet FTP SNMP SNMP V1/V2c Rd V1/V2c Wr V1/V2c

IP/Mask Bits Access Access Access Protocol Community Community Access

172.016.000.000/16 All All Write V1/V2c/V3 public private Superv

Select [(A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit, (M)ore]:

[(T) Send Discovery Request Trap, (S)end Synchronization Request Trap]

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-7 Host Access Table screen

3.1.3.1 Add or Edit a Managing Host IP

To add a Managing Host IP, from the Host Access Table screen, type A and press Enter. To delete a Managing Host IP, type D and press Enter.

To edit an existing Managing Host IP select Edit (E). The Edit Host Access screen (Figure 3-8)

opens.

1. Type the Managing Host IP address to add to the Host Access list and press Enter.

2. Type the IP Mask Size (default value 32) and press Enter. To have an entire subnet access the 9145ELB, enter the mask size for the subnet.

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3. To change Telnet Access, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select Telnet and SSH, Telnet Only, SSH Only, or None.

4. To change FTP access, type 2 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select FTP and

SFTP, FTP Only, SFTP Only, or None. Press Enter to select the parameter.

5. To change SNMP Access parameters, type 3 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select Read, Write, or None. Press Enter to select the parameter.

6. To change the SNMP Protocol parameters, type 4 and press Enter. Press the Space bar:

V1/V2c/V3, V1/V2c, or V3 using the Space Bar. Press Enter to select the parameter.

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----------------------------------EDIT HOST ACCESS-----------------------------

Managing Host IP :

IP Mask Size :

1. Telnet Access :

2. FTP Access :

3. SNMP Access :

4. SNMP Protocol :

5. V1/V2c Read Community :

6. V1/V2c Write Community :

7. V1/V2c Access Level :

Enter Managing Host IP address

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-8 Edit Host Access screen

7. To change V1/V2c Read Community, type 5 and press Enter. Type the desired V1/V2c

Read Community and press Enter.

8. To change the V1/V2c Write Community, type 6 and press Enter. Type the desired V1/

V2c Write Community and press Enter.

9. To change the V1/V2c Access Level, type 7 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select Operator, Supervisor, or Observer. Press Enter to select the parameter.

10. Press Esc to return to the Host Access Table screen.

NOTE: SNMP V3 security parameters are configured per user account on the Edit User Account screen. From the System Configuration screen type 4 and press Enter to open the Account Configuration screen, then type E to edit an account.

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3.1.4 Trap Table

On the IP/SNMP Agent Configuration screen (Figure 3-4), type 4 and press Enter. The Trap

Notification Destination Table screen (Figure 3-9) opens.

The Trap Table screens are used to configure the SNMP Trap Managers.

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---------------------TRAP/NOTIFICATION DESTINATION TABLE-----------------------

Managing Trap Username/ Security

Host Port Type Community Level

Select [(A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit, (M)ore]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-9 Trap/Notification Destination Table screen

3.1.4.1 Adding or Editing a Trap Manager

1. To add a Managing Host IP address, from the Trap Notification Destination Table screen

(Figure 3-9), type A and press Enter (to edit, type E and press Enter). The Edit Trap

Notification Type screen open (Figure 3-10)

2. Type the Managing Host IP address and press Enter.

3. Type the Trap/Notification Port and press Enter.

The default value is 162 for regular SNMP managers (163 for CanogaView). Any port numbers from 1 to 65535 can be used to receive traps. Check with your IT manager to ensure the port setting is correct.

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NOTE: Each Notification Type has a different set of parameters associated with it; the configuration procedure and screens will vary according to Notification Type selected.

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----------------------------EDIT TRAP/NOTIFICATION TYPE------------------------

IP Address :

Trap/Notification Port :

Notification Type :

Enter Managing Host IP address

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

22

Figure 3-10 Edit Trap/Notification Type screen

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---------------------TRAP/NOTIFICATION DESTINATION TABLE-----------------------

Managing Trap Username/ Security

Host Port Type Community Level

172.002.015.032 162 V2c-Inform Private N/A

172.002.145.011 162 V3-Trap admin Auth/Priv

172.016.002.034 162 V3-Inform admin Auth/Priv

172.016.150.014 162 V1-Trap public N/A

Select [(A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit, (M)ore]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-11 Trap/Notification Destination Table screen

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---------------------TRAP/NOTIFICATION DESTINATION TABLE-----------------------

Managing Trap Username/ Security

Host Port Type Community Level

172.002.015.032 162 V2c-Inform Private N/A

172.002.145.011 162 V3-Trap admin Auth/Priv

172.016.002.034 162 V3-Inform admin Auth/Priv

172.016.150.014 162 V1-Trap public N/A

Select [(A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit, (M)ore]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-12 Edit Trap/Notification Type screen

4. Select the Notification Type for this SNMP host. Selections are: V1-Trap, V2c-Trap, V2c-

Inform, V3-Trap, and V3-Inform.

If you select V1-Trap or V2c-Trap (Figure 3-13):

a. Enter the Community Name and press Enter.

b. Press Esc to return to the Trap Table screen (Figure 3-11).

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----------------------------------EDIT TRAP/NOTIFICATION TYPE------------------

IP Address : 172.016.150.014

Trap/Notification Port : 162

Notification Type : V1-Trap

1. Community Name : public

Select [1]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-13 V1-Trap or V2c-Trap Notification Type Parameter screen

If you select V2c-Inform (Figure 3-14):

a. Enter the Community Name.

b. Accept or revise the Retries parameter (default is 3).

c. Accept or revise the Timeout in Seconds parameter (default is 5).

d. Press Enter and then press Esc to return to the Trap Table screen (Figure 3-11).

If you select V3-Trap (Figure 3-15):

a. Press the Space bar to select the Security Name and press Enter.

b. Press the Space bar to select the Security Level (No Auth/No Priv, Auth/No Priv, or

Auth/Priv) and press Enter.

c. Press Esc to return to the Trap Table screen (Figure 3-11).

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--------------------------------EDIT TRAP/NOTIFICATION TYPE--------------------

IP Address : 172.002.015.032

Trap/Notification Port : 162

Notification Type : V2c-Inform

1. Community Name : Private

2. Retries : 5

3. Timeout in Seconds : 30

Select [1-3]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-14 V2c-Inform Notification Type Parameter screen

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----------------------------------EDIT TRAP/NOTIFICATION TYPE------------------

IP Address : 172.002.145.011

Trap/Notification Port : 162

Notification Type : V3-Trap

1. Security Name : admin

2. Security Level : Auth/Priv

Select [1-2]:

-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-15 V3-Trap Notification Type Parameter screen

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4. If you select V3-Inform (Figure 3-17):

a. Type the Security Name and press Enter.

b. Type the SNMP Engine ID and press Enter.

c. Press the Space bar to select the Authentication Protocol setting (MD5, SHA, or

None) and then press Enter.

d. Type the Authentication Password and press Enter. Type the password again and press Enter. The Authentication Key will automatically be entered. (It can be modified to match the SNMP manager's key if needed.) e. Press the Space bar to select the Privacy Protocol settings (DES or None) and then press Enter f. Type the Privacy Password, if required, and press Enter, then type the password again and press Enter. The Privacy Key will automatically be entered. (It can be modified to match the SNMP manager's key if needed.) g. Press the Space bar to select the Security Levels (No Auth/No Priv, Auth/No Priv, or Auth/Priv) and then press Enter.

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----------------------------------EDIT TRAP/NOTIFICATION TYPE-----------------------

IP Address : 172.016.002.034

Trap/Notification Port : 162

Notification Type : V3-Inform

1. Security Name : admin

2. Engine ID

: 646EDB8608522E7733B4E38D28ABC8A130D8D041

3. Authentication Protocol : SHA

4. Authentication Password : ***************

5. Authentication Key : FA9F82E713BAF2D2AC93DE8237BF5D1D5129261B

6. Privacy Protocol : DES

7. Privacy Password : ***************

8. Privacy Key : 8FDA9A99556396C7B32BA38EF58F6DE4

9. Security Level : Auth/Priv

10. Retries : 3

11. Timeout in Seconds : 30

Select [1-11]:

-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-16 V3-Inform Notification Type Parameter screen

h. Accept the Retries entry or modify it by pressing Backspace and typing the new value and press Enter (default is 3).

i. Accept the Timeout in Seconds entry or modify it by pressing Backspace and typing the new value and press Enter (default is 5).

j. Press Esc to return to the Trap Table screen (Figure 3-10).

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

1. To delete a Managing Host IP address, from the Trap Notification Destination Table

screen (Figure 3-11), type D and press Enter.

2. Press the Space bar to select a Host IP address. To delete, press Enter. You will be prompted to confirm the deletion.

3. Press Esc to return to the IP SNMP Agent Configuration screen (Figure 3-4).

3.1.5 Trap Configuration

Trap configuration defines how various alarms events are handled. Traps can be configured to be logged, sent to the SNMP managers in the Trap Notification/Destination Table, or both logged and sent for each event. Traps can also be set to Disabled.

MIB Location Trap Config Item

Master Trap Control

User Port Link Traps

All linkUp (User Port)

Traps Affected

linkDown (User Port)

Network Port Link Traps linkUp (Network Port)

linkDown (Network Port)

Remote Fault Traps cp9145EPortRemoteFaultReceived

cp9145EPortSendingRemoteFault

cp9145EPortRemoteFaultCleared

Cold Start Traps coldStart

Authentication Traps cpAuthenticationFailure

Diagnostic Traps cpPortLoopbackOn

cpPortLoopbackOff

Entity Configuration Traps entConfigChange

Fan/Power/Temperature

Traps

cpMainBoardVoltageLevelsOK

cpMainBoardVoltageLevelsOutOfRange

cpDyingGasp

cpPowerSupplyFailed

cpPowerSupplyOverHighLimit

cpPowerSupplyUnderLowLimit

cpPowerSupplyOK

cpFanShutDownDueToLowTemperature ifmib.my

ifmib.my

ifmib.my

ifmib.my

cp9145EStatus.my

cp9145EStatus.my

cp9145EStatus.my

v2-mib.my cpMgmtStatus.my

cpLoopback.my cpLoopback.my

EntityMib.my

cpStatus.my

cpStatus.my

cpPowerSupply.my

cpPowerSupply.my

cpPowerSupply.my

cpPowerSupply.my

cpPowerSupply.my

cpFanStatus.my

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Trap Config Item

cpFanOK

Traps Affected

cpFanSlow

cpFanFailed

MIB Location

cpFanStatus.my

cpFanStatus.my

cpFanStatus.my

cpTemperatureOverHighThresholdAlarm

cpTemperatureHighThresholdAlarmCleared cpStatus.my

cpStatus.my

cpTemperatureWarningApproachingHighThreshold cpStatus.my

cpTemperatureHighThresholdWarningCleared cpStatus.my

cpTemperatureAlarmUnderLowThreshold

cpTemperatureLowThresholdAlarmCleared cpStatus.my cpStatus.my

cpTemperatureWarningApproachingLowThreshold cpStatus.my

cpTemperatureLowThresholdWarningCleared cpStatus.my

SFP Traps cpSfpRemoved

cpSfpInsertedInvalid

cpSfpInsertedValid

cpSfpTxOk

cpSfpTxWarning

cpSfpTxFailure cpSfpStatus.my

cpSfpStatus.my

cpSfpStatus.my

cpSfpStatus.my

cpSfpStatus.my

cpSfpStatus.my

The System Log contains the log of all enabled Trap events.

1. To configure Traps, select Trap Configuration (2) from the System Configuration menu.

The Trap Configuration screen (Figure 3-17) opens.

2. Select the number of the trap group to change and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select Log Only, Send Only, Both Log And Send, or Disabled.

The Master Trap Control setting overrides all other trap settings. For example, if the

Master Trap Control is set to Log Only, rather than set to Both Log And Send (as shown), all the other traps will only log alarm events, regardless of the individual trap settings. If the Master Trap Control is set to Log And Send, the individual traps will perform according to their individual settings. Setting the Master Trap Control setting to Disabled will disable all traps.

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3. Press Enter to close the editing function and then press Esc to return to the System

Configuration screen.

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----------------------------------TRAP CONFIGURATION--------------------------

1) Master Trap Control Log Only

2) User Port Link Traps Both Log And Send

3) Network Port Link Traps Both Log And Send

4) Remote Fault Traps Both Log And Send

5) Link Loss Forwarding Traps Both Log And Send

6) Cold Start Traps Both Log And Send

7) Authentication Traps Both Log And Send

8) Diagnostic Traps Both Log And Send

9) Entity Configuration Traps Both Log And Send

10) Fan/Power/Temperature Traps Both Log And Send

11) SFP Traps Both Log And Send

12) Module Inserted/Removed/Failed Traps Both Log And Send

Select [1-12]:

-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-17 Trap Configuration screen

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Security Configuration

3.2 Security Configuration

The 9145ELB can be configured for Strong passwords. Use the Security Configuration screen to set or change the Password Configuration and the Lockout/Logout Configuration. From the

System Configuration screen, select Security Configuration (3). The Security Configuration

screen (Figure 3-18) opens.

3.2.1

Password Configuration

Select the Password Configuration item to change by typing the corresponding number. Press

Enter to close the editing function and then press Esc to return to the System Configuration screen. The 9145ELB permits strong passwords as follows:

1. Minimum Length The minimum number of alpha-numeric characters of a password.

Enter a value between 0 and 15. A setting of 0 will allow you to log in without a password.

2. Minimum Alpha Characters The minimum number of alpha characters a password must contain. Valid alpha characters are a-z (lower case) and A-Z (capitalized). Enter a value between 0 and 15.

3. Minimum Numeric Characters The minimum number of numeric characters a password must contain. Valid numeric characters are 0-9. Enter a value between 0 and 15.

4. Minimum Punctuation Characters The minimum number of punctuation characters a password must contain. Valid punctuation characters are any non-space, non-alpha, and non-numeric characters. Valid punctuation characters include:

!

=

@

~ ‘

#

;

$

:

%

^ &

“ [

* (

{ ]

) _

} \

+

|

,

> /

< .

?

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----------------------------SECURITY CONFIGURATION---------------------------------------

PASSWORD CONFIGURATION

1. Minimum Length : 6

2. Minimum Alpha Characters : 0

3. Minimum Numeric Characters : 0

4. Minimum Punctuation Characters : 0

5. Maximum Consecutive Character Types : 0

6. Maximum Same Character : 0

7. Allow username in password : Enabled

8. Password Expiration Time : 0

9. Password Reuse Count : 0

LOCKOUT/LOGOUT CONFIGURATION

10. Lockout After Failed Attempts : 0

11. Lockout Type : Hard

Lockout time : 0

12. Display Lockout Message : Disabled

13. Lockout Message : Account has been locked out

14. Lockout Craft Port : Disabled

15. Inactivity Logout time (mins) : 0

Select [1-15]:

Figure 3-18 Security Configuration screen

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Security Configuration

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

5. Maximum Consecutive Character Types The number of alpha, numeric, or punctuation characters that can be used consecutively. Enter a value from 1 through 15.

6. Maximum Same Character The maximum number of times that any character may be repeated within the password. This includes alpha, numeric or punctuation character types. Enter a value between 0 and 15.

7. Allow Username In Password Determines if the user’s account name can be within any part of the password. Press the Space bar to select Enabled or Disabled.

8. Password Expiration Time The number of days until the password expires and a new one is required. Enter a value between 1 and 365. A setting of 0 disables this feature.

If the password expires, the Supervisor will have to reset the password. If the Supervisor password has expired the 9145ELB NID will have to sent to Canoga Perkins Technical

Support to be reset.

9. Password Reuse Count The number of password expirations a user must wait until a password can be reused. When set to 0, the user can reuse their current password with no count limitation. When set to 1, a password can be reused after one password reset.

3.2.2 Lockout/Logout Configuration

Select the Lockout/Logout Configuration item you want to change by typing the corresponding number. Press Enter to close the editing function and then press Esc to return to the System

Configuration screen.

10. Lockout After Failed Attempts The number of attempts a user may make before the account becomes disabled. The Lockout Type field controls the lockout behaviors. Enter a value between 1 and 15. A setting of 0 will disable this feature.

11. Lockout Type The options are Hard or Timed. Timed requires the user to wait a specified number of minutes before a retry. Hard requires the System Administrator to unlock the account. Press the Space bar to select Timed or Hard.

Lockout Time The number of minutes that a user must wait before a retry. Enter a value between 0 and 30.

12. Display Lockout Message Specifies if a message will be displayed when an account has been locked. Refer to the Lockout Message in option 13. Press the Space bar to select Enabled or Disabled.

13. Lockout Message The text to be displayed if option 12 is Enabled. The message should be customized to list the person to contact in case an account is disabled. Enter a text message of up to 30 characters.

14. Lockout Craft Port Specifies whether the RS-232 serial port interface on the device should be locked to prevent using the serial interface to access the system. Press the

Space bar to select Enabled or Disabled.

15. Inactivity Logout Time The number of minutes of inactivity before a user is automatically logged out. Enter a value between 1 and 30. A setting of 0 will disable this feature.

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Account Configuration

3.3 Account Configuration

Use the Account Configuration screen to add new user accounts, edit existing accounts, or delete accounts. There must be at least one Supervisor account. The 9145ELB NID allows up to

24 user accounts. Four telnet sessions may take place at the same time. Only one FTP session may take place at any time.

NOTE: Any action that affects the network configuration of the 9145ELB (for example, changing the IP address) will disconnect all telnet sessions.

From the System Configuration menu, select Account Configuration (4). The Account

Configuration screen (Figure 3-19) opens.

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--------------------------ACCOUNT CONFIGURATION--------------------------------

Account Access Access Locked

Username State From Level Description Out

admin Enabled UI/SNMPv3 Supervisor Default Account No

Obs Enabled UI/SNMPv3 Observer New Account No

Ope Disabled UI/SNMPv3 Operator new account No

Select [(A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit, (M)ore]:

-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-19 Account Configuration screen

1. Username The name of the new account you wish to add to the user list.

2. Account State Whether the account is enabled or disabled.

3. Access From Determines how the user can access this account.

4. Access Level The security level required to access this account.

5. Description The account type.

6. Locked Out Whether the Supervisor has locked the user out of the system.

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Account Configuration

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

3.3.1 Three Levels of Security

A three-level security system on the 9145ELB controls all user interface and SNMPv3 access.

Most Service Provider management networks provision certain access levels to technicians, network administrators, and managers. Offering tiered management access to network elements allows Service Providers to protect their network against unauthorized access and misconfigurations.

All 9145ELB features require a certain access level in order for users to gain access to the feature. The logged in user or SNMPv3 manager’s access level is used to validate and control access to the 9145ELB features. When accessing a menu item or an SNMP object the user’s access level is checked against the access level required for the feature. If the user’s access level is sufficient, then the access is granted. If the user’s access level is not sufficient, an error message is displayed in the status area or an SNMP error is returned.

The three access levels are supervisor, operator, and observer.

In the default configuration, the supervisor access level is allowed complete access to all

9145ELB features including configuring the security system. The operator access level is allowed access to the 9145ELB features except those relating to the 9145ELB’s security system. This level can be configurable by the administrator.

The observer access level is allowed access to the 9145ELB features that do not modify the

9145ELB’s configuration. This level can be configurable by the administrator.

3.3.2 Feature Access Level Configuration

The assignment of access levels has a default configuration built into the 9145ELB. Creating and downloading a text file called 9145e.cap to the 9145ELB can change this assignment, however.

This file contains mappings between module features and the access level required to access the feature. For example, the entry that controls access to the Maximum Frame Size setting looks like the following:

maxFrameSize=operator

This entry indicates that to change the Maximum Frame Size, a user’s account must have

operator access level or greater.

The 9145e.cap file is downloaded to the 9145ELB via the normal FTP/SFTP/TFTP in the same manner as downloading a firmware file to the 9145ELB. The same file may be downloaded to multiple 9145ELB's to ensure that each is following the same security rules.

3.3.3 Add or Edit an Account

To add an account, from the Account Configuration screen (Figure 3-19), type A and press Enter.

The Edit User Account screen (Figure 3-20) opens with all fields empty. When you have entered

the account information, press Esc to return to the Account Configuration screen.

To edit an account, type E and press the Space bar to select an account. The Edit User Account

screen (Figure 3-20) opens.

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual System Configuration

Account Configuration

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----------------------------EDIT USER ACCOUNT--------------------------------------

Username : Obs

1. Account State : Enabled

2. Access From : UI/SNMPv3

3. Access Level : Observer

4. Description : New Account

5. UI Password : ***************

6. UI Password Expires : No

UI Password Expires in (days) : 0

7. Allow UI Lockout Of User : Yes

8. Allow UI Logout Of User : Yes

9. UI Login Locked State : Unlocked

10.SNMPv3 Authentication Protocol : None

11.SNMPv3 Authentication Password : N/A

SNMPv3 Authentication Key : N/A

12.SNMPv3 Privacy Protocol : None

13.SNMPv3 Privacy Password : N/A

SNMPv3 Privacy Key : N/A

Select [1-13]:

-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------------

Figure 3-20 Edit User Account screen

Username The name of the new account you wish to add to the user list. Enter a name of up to

10 characters.

1. Account State Specifies whether the account is active. Press the Space bar to select

Enabled or Disabled.

2. Access From Determines how the user can access this account. Press the Space bar to select between UI, SNMPv3, and UI/SNMPv3.

3. Access Level Specifies the security level granted when you log in with this account.

Press the Space bar to select Observer, Operator, or Supervisor.

4. Description Term used to describe the account type. Enter descriptive text up to 17 characters.

5. UI Password A password is only required if Access From is set to UI or UI/SNMPv3.

Type the desired password and press Enter. Reenter the password. Passwords are limited to 15 characters.

6. UI Password Expires Determines whether the password will expire and required to be changed. Press the Space bar to select Yes or No.

Password Expires in (days) Establishes the number of days each password can be used before a new password is required. Enter a number between 1 and 365. A setting of

0 will require a new password each time the account is opened.

7. Allow UI Lockout Of User Gives Supervisors the ability to lock users out of the system.

Press the Space bar to select Yes or No.

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Account Configuration

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

8. Allow UI Logout Of User Gives Supervisors the ability to log users off the system. Press the Space bar to select Yes or No.

9. UI Login Locked State Determines the current state of the UI Login. Press the Space bar to select Locked or Unlocked.

10. SNMPv3 Authentication Protocol Sets the authentication protocol for SNMPv3 access.

Press the Space bar to select None, MD5, or SHA.

11. SNMPv3 Authentication Password Used to enter the SNMPv3 authentication password. This password is not stored. It is used to generate the SNMPv3 authentication key. Type the desired password and press Enter. Reenter the password. The password is required to be between 8 and 15 characters. This field will be passed over if the SNMPv3 authentication protocol is set to None.

SNMPv3 Authentication Key Displays the computed SNMPv3 authentication key. This is a field that is shared with an SNMPv3 management application to allow authenticated protocol exchanges.

12. SNMPv3 Privacy Protocol The privacy protocol used for SNMPv3 access. Press the

Space bar to select None or DES.

13. SNMPv3 Privacy Password Used to enter the SNMPv3 privacy password. This password is not stored. It is used to generate the SNMPv3 privacy key. Type the desired password and press Enter. Reenter the password. The password is required to be between 8 and 15 characters. This field will be passed over if the SNMPv3 Privacy

Protocol is set to None.

SNMPv3 Privacy Key Displays the computed SNMPv3 privacy key. This is a field that must be shared with an SNMPv3 management application to allow private SNMPv3 protocol exchanges.

3.3.4 Delete an Account

NOTE: An account cannot be deleted while the user is logged in. In addition, you cannot delete the last supervisor account.

Before attempting to delete an account make sure the user is logged out. Use the following procedure to delete an account.

1. To delete an account, from the Account Configuration screen (Figure 3-19), type D and

press Enter. The first User Account will be highlighted.

2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the user names to select the account. Press Enter to delete the highlighted account.

3. When deletions are completed, press Esc to return to the System Configuration menu.

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual System Configuration

System Information

3.4 System Information

The System Information screen is used to add or edit administrative and circuit information, such as the name of the 9145ELB, contact, location, customer, circuit, equipment codes and Common

Language Equipment Identification (CLEI) information.

System Name, Contact, and Location are the same as the MIB-II variables sysName, sysLocation, sysContact.

1. From the System Configuration menu, select System Information (5) and press Enter.

The System Information screen (Figure 3-21) opens.

2. Type the number of the parameter to enter information about, then press Enter.

3. Type new information or edit existing information and press Enter.

4. To return to the Main Menu, press Esc. Press Esc again to return to the System

Configuration menu.

36

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------------------------------SYSTEM INFORMATION-------------------------------

1 System Name : Canoga 9145ELB 32 device

2. Contact : Contact

3. Location : Canada

4. Customer : MyCustomerName

5. Information : Information1

: Information2

6. Circuits : Circuits1

: Circuits2

7. Service Code : 1234567890

8. Date-in-Service : 03/04/2010

9. Date-Out-of-Service : 03/01/2010

10. Equipment Type : Test Equip

11. Equipment Code : 1234567890

12. Vendor : Canoga Perkins

13. CLEI : 1234567890

14. Mfg Date : 01/01/2010

Select [1-14]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-21 System Information screen

1. System Name The system name can be up to 25 characters long. It is displayed in the header under Ethernet Network Interface Device. If you are running multiple telnet sessions, you will be able to identify the NID you are viewing.

2. Contact Maximum of 25 characters.

System Configuration

RADIUS Client

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

3. Location Maximum of 25 characters.

4. Customer Maximum of 25 characters.

5. Information Two lines, maximum of 40 characters each.

6. Circuits Two lines, maximum of 25 characters each.

7. Service Code Maximum of 10 characters.

8. Date-in-Service The date when the 9145ELB was placed into service.

9. Date-Out-of-Service The date when the 9145ELB was last taken out of service.

10. Equipment Type Maximum of 10 characters.

11. Equipment Code Maximum of 10 characters.

12. Vendor Maximum of 25 characters.

13. CLEI Common Language Equipment Identification (CLEI) up to 10 characters.

14. Mfg Date An editable date field in the form [mm/dd/yyyy].

3.5 RADIUS Client

RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) software support is provided for User

Authentication.

RADIUS provides the ability to have user interface accounts to be maintained and authenticated by a RADIUS server. The RADIUS server also maintains user account information:

AccessFrom Where the account can be used.

AccessLevel The security access level for the user.

Description The account description.

LogoutUser Whether the user can be forcefully logged out.

When a user enters a username and password and RADIUS has been configured, the username and password is sent to the RADIUS server and is validated there. If valid, then the RADIUS server sends an accept message along with the above account information and the 9145ELB

RADIUS client allows the user in with this configuration.

The RADIUS server may send a reject message in which case the user is not logged in. The

RADIUS server may also send a challenge message if it has been configured to do so in which case the user is prompted for additional authentication information at which time the RADIUS server will then send an accept or reject message.

3.5.1 RADIUS client configuration

Up to two RADIUS servers can be configured. The RADIUS server that is consulted is determined by the server priority. The server with the lowest priority number is consulted first. If it does not respond, then the other RADIUS server is consulted (if configured). If both servers are configured with the same priority then a round-robin access is used; first one RADIUS server will be consulted and the next request will be sent to the other RADIUS server first. The server priorities are relative. That is, you could configure one server with priority 10 and the other with

20. The values of the numbers do not matter, just the relative values of the numbers (in this case

10 being less than 20). This is done to allow you to easily change the server priorities without having to edit both entries. If you had configured the servers with 10 and 20, you could make the

37

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual System Configuration

RADIUS Client server with 20 have higher priority simply by changing its priority to 5; no need to change the one

with 10. The RADIUS Client Configuration Client screen is shown in Figure 3-22.

1. RADIUS Client Mode Options: RADIUS then Local, Local then RADIUS, or None

2. RADIUS then Local When a user tries to log in, the username and password is passed to the configured Primary RADIUS Server first for authentication. If there is no connectivity to the Primary RADIUS Server, the RADIUS Client attempts to authenticate the login request on the Secondary RADIUS Server. If there is no connectivity to the Secondary

RADIUS Server, the 9145ELB can then use the local database.

3. Local then RADIUS says that when a user tries to log in, the local user accounts database is consulted to try to authenticate the user. If the user cannot be authenticated by the local accounts database, then the RADIUS Server is consulted to authenticate the user.

4. None says that the RADIUS server is never used and all user access is authenticated by the local user accounts database.

5. RADIUS Server IP Address The IP address of the RADIUS server. If 0.0.0.0 then this server configuration will not be used.

6. RADIUS Server Shared Secret 16-character secret shared by the RADIUS server and the RADIUS client to encrypt sensitive RADIUS traffic on the wire. The value entered here must match what is configured into the RADIUS server.

7. RADIUS Server Retries The number of attempts to authenticate a user using this

RADIUS server before giving up or using the alternate RADIUS server if configured. 0 -

10

8. RADIUS Server Timeout The time in seconds (1-30) before assuming that the RADIUS server did not reply and retrying a request if so configured.

9. RADIUS Server Priority The RADIUS server priority in relation to the alternate RADIUS server if configured. The server with the lower priority will be consulted first to authenticate a user. Servers with the same priority operate in a round-robin fashion alternating requests to each server.

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SNTP Client Configuration

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-------------------------RADIUS CLIENT CONFIGURATION---------------------------

1. RADIUS Client Mode : None

2. RADIUS Server IP Address : 0.0.0.0

RADIUS Server Shared Secret:

RADIUS Server Retries : 3

RADIUS Server Timeout : 5

RADIUS Server Priority : 1

3. RADIUS Server IP Address : 0.0.0.0

RADIUS Server Shared Secret:

RADIUS Server Retries : 3

RADIUS Server Timeout : 5

RADIUS Server Priority : 1

Select [1-3]:

-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-22 RADIUS Client Configuration screen

3.6 SNTP Client Configuration

Use the SNTP (Simple Network Time Protocol) Client Configuration screen to configure the

9145ELB to use a primary and secondary SNTP Server to automatically set the date and time.

An accurate date and time in the 9145ELB assures accuracy for events listed in the System Log and for traps and alarms sent to the system administrator. You can choose either of two methods for setting the date and time, depending on your access to an external network and your need for accuracy.

• For accuracy within a large network, you can set up the 9145ELB to synchronize the system date and time to an SNTP server.

• The time and date can be set manually. See “Set Date and Time” on page 78 for more information.

To configure SNTP, select SNTP Client Configuration (7) from the System Configuration menu

and press Enter. The Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) Client Configuration screen (Figure

3-23) opens.

On the SNTP client Configuration screen, type the number of the SNTP setting to change and then press Enter.

Press the Space bar to view settings, and press Enter.

1. SNTP Client UTC Offset (hours) The difference, in hours, between the local time of the

9145ELB and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), which is similar to Greenwich Mean

Time (GMT); Range is -12 to 12

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual System Configuration

SNTP Client Configuration

2. SNTP Client Observe DST Enables/Disables Daylight Savings Time (Summer Time) and the date and time it starts and ends.

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-------------------------SNTP CLIENT CONFIGURATION---------------------------------

1. SNTP Client UTC Offset (hours) : 0

2. SNTP Client Observe DST : Disabled

SNTP Client DST Starts At : 01/01/2010 00:00

SNTP Client DST Ends At : 01/01/2010 00:01

3. SNTP Client Sync Interval (minutes): 5

4. SNTP Client Delay Time (seconds) : 0

5. SNTP Server IP Address 1 : 0.0.0.0

SNTP Server Retries 1 : 3

SNTP Server Timeout 1 (seconds) : 5

SNTP Server Priority 1 : 1

6. SNTP Server IP Address 2 : 0.0.0.0

SNTP Server Retries 2 : 3

SNTP Server Timeout 2 (seconds) : 5

SNTP Server Priority 2 : 1

Select [1-6]:

-----------------------------------Messages---------------------------------------

Figure 3-23 SNTP Client Configuration screen

3. SNTP Client Sync Interval (minutes) How often, in minutes, the 9145ELB tries to synchronize its time to the SNTP server; Range is 0 (attempt to synchronize at bootup, only) to 1440 (once daily).

4. SNTP Client Delay Time (seconds) The delay for the initial SNTP request. If not zero, the request will be sent at a random interval within the delay time. This is used to prevent multiple NID requests at the same time in the event that all NIDs power down and power up at the same time.

5. SNTP Server IP Address Two SNTP servers can be configured.

• IP Address: The address for the SNTP server. IP address 0.0.0.0 indicates no server.

• Retries: How many times the 9145ELB tries to synchronize before trying the alternate server. Range is 0 to 10

• Timeout (seconds): Wait period between unsuccessful attempts. Range is 1 to 30

• Priority: The server to contact first. Range is 1 to 255 with 1 the highest priority and 255 the lowest. If the priority is the same for the two servers, the 9145ELB alternates tries between the servers.

When entries are completed, press Esc to return to the System Configuration menu.

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System Configuration

SYSLOG Client Configuration

3.7 SYSLOG Client Configuration

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

Use the SYSLOG Client Configuration screen to configure the 9145ELB to send log messages to a SYSLOG Server. From the System Configuration menu, select SYSLOG Client Configuration

(8) and press Enter. The SYSLOG Client Configuration screen (Figure 3-24) opens.

On the SYSLOG Client Configuration screen, type the number of the SYSLOG setting to change and press Enter. Press Esc to return to the System Configuration menu.

Syslog Server IP Address Configure the IP address of the Syslog server. Two Syslog servers can be configured.

Syslog Server Port Configure the Syslog Server port. The standard syslog port is 514. The port setting should match with the Syslog server UDP port setting (1 - 65535).

Syslog Server Mask Define the level of severity of the messages to be sent. There are eight (8) levels of severity as defined in RFC 3164. The 9145ELB will send all messages with severity level equal to or greater than this setting. The severity levels from highest to lowest are:

Emergency System is unusable.

Alert Action must be taken immediately.

Critical Critical Condition.

Error Error Condition.

Warning Warning Condition.

Notice Normal but significant condition.

Informational Informational messages

Debug Debug level messages. If you specify Debug, then all messages about the

9145ELB are sent. If you specify Error, all errors that are Emergency, Alert, and Critical are sent.

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-------------------------SYSLOG CLIENT CONFIGURATION---------------------------

1. Syslog Server IP Address : 000.000.000.000

Syslog Server Port : 514

Syslog Server Mask : Debug

2. Syslog Server IP Address : 000.000.000.000

Syslog Server Port : 514

Syslog Server Mask : Debug

Select [1-2]:

----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 3-24 SYSLOG Client Configuration screen

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual System Configuration

Hardware Information

3.8 Hardware Information

The Hardware Information screen displays the model number, hardware revision level, serial number, power supplies, and port information for the sixteen 9145ELB User Ports and two 10G ports.

From the System Configuration menu, select Hardware Information (9) and press Enter. The

Hardware Information screen (Figure 3-25) opens.

To display more User Ports (Figure 3-26), type N and press Enter.

To go to a particular port, type G and press Enter. You are prompted to enter a port number in the form: U1-16, 10G1, or 10G2.

NOTE: Parameters and values cannot be changed in this screen.

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-----------------------------------HARDWARE INFORMATION---------Display 1 of 6-

NID Model Number 9145ELB-971-4-0 Module Model Number 9420-302 10G

NID Hardware Rev. A1 Module Hardware Rev. A1

NID Serial Number 20110501177 Module Serial Number 20110501242

SFP Information User Port 1 User Port 2 User Port 3

Model Number SFP1-0045 SFP1-0045 SFP1-0045

Wavelength 850nm MM 81310nm SM N/A

Connector Type Duplex LC Duplex LC N/A

Data Rate 1000Mbps 1000Mbps N/A

Maximum Line Length N/A N/A N/A

Maximum Loss Budget N/A 10dB N/A

MAC address 00:40:2A:04:E5:83 00:40:2A:04:E5:84 00:40:2A:04:E5:85

Power Supply A AC 120/240 Fan Module Fans/4

Select [(N)ext, (G)oto], ESC to return to previous screen

----------------------------------Messages-------------------------------------

Figure 3-25 Hardware Information screen - 1 of 6

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Hardware Information

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Model 9145ELB-B83-0 V04.01 11:27:03

----------------------------------HARDWARE INFORMATION-----------Display 2 of 6

NID Model Number 9145ELB-B83-M-0 Module Model Number 9420-302 10G

NID Hardware Rev. A1 Module Hardware Rev. A1

NID Serial Number 20111008566 Module Serial Number 20110508246

SFP Information User Port 16 NET Port 1 User Port 10G2

Model Number SFP1-2221 SFP+1-0122 SFP+1-0122

Wavelength 1310nm SM 850nm MM 850nm MM

Connector Type Duplex LC Duplex LC Duplex LC

Data Rate 1000Mbps 1000Mbps 1000Mbps

Maximum Line Length N/A 300m 300m

Maximum Loss Budget 10dB N/A N/A

MAC address 00:40:2A:00:00:06 00:40:2A:00:00:07 00:40:2A:00:00:08

Power Supply A 48V Fan Module Not Installed

Power Supply B N/A

Select [(N)ext, (P)rev, (G)oto]:

----------------------------------Messages------------------------------------

Figure 3-26 Hardware Information screen - 2 of 6

Selecting Next or Prev will display User Ports 1 through 16, 10G-1, and 10G-2. SFPs will be detected for the 10G ports, even if one 10G port is disabled.

To go to a particular port, type G and press Enter. You are prompted to enter a port number in the form: U1-16, 10G1, or 10G2.

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual System Configuration

Hardware Information

44

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Diagnostics

Chapter 4

Diagnostics

4.0 Diagnostic Functions

From the Main Menu (Figure 2-3), select (2) Diagnostics menu. The Diagnostics menu (Figure 4-

1) opens. The Diagnostics functions to set up loopback, latency and jitter testing, cable

diagnostics, and PING tests are configured and initiated here. The following sections describe each item on the Diagnostics menu.

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----------------------------------DIAGNOSTICS----------------------------------

1) Loopback Setup

2) Latency/Jitter Test

3) PING Generation

4) Cable Diagnostics

Select [1-4]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

-

Figure 4-1 Diagnostics Menu

45

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Diagnostics

Loopback Setup

4.1 Loopback Setup

The Loopback Setup screen is used to configure and initiate loopback diagnostics. Packets sent to the 9145ELB with a destination MAC address equal to the Loop Test MAC address will be looped back by the 9145ELB Port that has been placed into loopback mode. Packets received with any other destination MAC address will be discarded. The 9145ELB can be configured to swap source and destination MAC addresses of the test packets and to recalculate the CRC of the packet after the MAC addresses are swapped, so the packet that has been looped back can successfully be switched through the network back to the equipment that originated the test.

Loopback can be enabled only on one port at a time. Loopback must be cleared before placing another port into loopback mode.

Figure 4-2 Proprietary MAC Loopback

To configure Loopback, on the Diagnostics menu, type 1 and press Enter. The Ethernet

Loopback Setup screen (Figure 4-3) opens.

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Loopback Setup

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

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-------------------------- ETHERNET LOOPBACK SETUP------------------------------

Loop Test MAC Address: 00 40 2A 01 EE 11

1) Loopback State 10G Port 1 Loopback

2) Swap MAC Address

at Loopback Point? Yes

3) Recalculate CRC

at Loopback Point? Yes

Select [1-3]:

-----------------------------------------------------Messages---------------------------------------------------

Figure 4-3 Ethernet Loopback Setup screen

1. To select a port, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select a setting and then press Enter. Settings include loopback for each of the 16 User Ports and two 10G ports, and Clear Loopback.

NOTE: When 10G2 UNI is enabled, User Ports 9-16 are disabled and you will not be able to set a loopback state on those ports.

2. Continue to modify the settings as required. To return to the Diagnostics menu, press

Esc.

47

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Diagnostics

Latency/Jitter Test

4.2 Latency/Jitter Test

The Latency/Jitter Test screen is used to initiate tests that measure frame delay, inter-frame delay variation, and frame loss from the local 9145ELB to a remote 9145ELB or other IP agent.

At the Diagnostics menu, type 2 and press Enter. The Latency/Jitter Test screen (Figure 4-4)

opens.

The 9145ELB can be used to generate synthetic test traffic in order to measure frame delay, inter-frame delay variation and frame loss. A test packet is a standard ICMP Echo Request packet (RFC 792), with the data area containing fields for proprietary information. If the network element responding to the Echo Request with an Echo Reply packet is a Canoga Perkins NID, it can insert some information in the proprietary fields in the data area of the packet. If it is not a

Canoga Perkins NID, the packet will not get discarded, as it is standard ICMP. It will still get responded to by the non-Canoga network element; however, it will contain less information important for the Latency/Jitter test results.

Beneath the Maximum Latency and Maximum Jitter test results are the Far End P-Bit Sent/Rcvd,

Local P-Bit Sent/Rcvd, Far End DSCP Sent/Rcvd, and Local DSCP Sent/Rcvd values. This data is used to determine if the programmed Packet Priority or DSCP was changed during the Round

Trip between the local 9145ELB and the destination 9145ELB (far end). Only a 9145, 9145E,

9145EMP, 9145ELB or 9145ELB device at the destination can provide the Far End PBit/DSCP function.

The unidirectional path (Local to Far End or Far End to Local) on which the P-Bit remarking or

DSCP change is occurring will be identified. It is assumed that each Latency/Jitter test that is initiated will take a particular path, so each round trip overwrites the previous round trip values.

The following values appear at the top of the screen (Figure 4-4):

Test IP Addr/VLAN The destination IP address and VLAN for the currently test or the last test completed.

Round Trip Packets Number of completed round trips.

Test Duration The length of time the test has been running, or the length of the last test run.

Dropped Packets Number of packets sent which received no response.

Minimum Latency (ms) Time in ms for the shortest round trip.

Minimum Jitter (ms) Smallest absolute time difference between two consecutive round trips.

Average Latency (ms) Computed by adding all the round trip latencies and dividing by the number of completed round trips.

Average Jitter (ms) Computed by adding all the absolute time differences between successive round trips and dividing by the number of completed round trips minus 1.

Maximum Latency (ms) The highest time interval for a successful round trip.

Maximum Jitter (ms) The highest absolute time difference between two consecutive successful round trips.

Far End PBit Sent The programmed priority value entered.

Far End PBit Rcvd The priority as it was received at the destination 9145ELB.

Local PBit Sent The programmed priority value is put back into the packet at the far end for the return trip.

48

Diagnostics

Latency/Jitter Test

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

Local PBit Rcvd The priority as it was received at the end of the Round Trip.

Far End DSCP Sent This is the configured DSCP.

Far End DSCP Rcvd The DSCP that was received at the destination 9145ELB.

Local DSCP Sent The configured DSCP value is put back into the packet at the far end for the return trip.

Local DSCP Rcvd This is the DSCP that was received at the end of the Round Trip.

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--------------------------------LATENCY/JITTER TEST----------------------------

Test IP Addr 10.10.12.1

Test VLAN IDs C/T/S 0 /0 /0 Round Trip Packets 0

Test Duration 00:00 Dropped Packets 0

Minimum Latency (ms) 0.000000 Minimum Jitter (ms) 0.000000

Average Latency (ms) 0.000000 Average Jitter (ms) 0.000000

Maximum Latency (ms) 0.000000 Maximum Jitter (ms) 0.000000

Far PBit Sent 0/Local Rcvd ? Local PBit Sent ?/Far Rcvd ?

Far DSCP Sent 0/Local Rcvd ? Local DSCP Sent ?/Far Rcvd ?

1) To IP Addr 10.10.12.1 5) Packet Timeout sec (1-10) 3

2) From IP Addr Aux IP 10.0.13.122 6) Packet Priority (0-7) 0

3) Test VLANs C/T/S 0 / 0 / 0 7) Packet DSCP Code (0-63) 0

4) Test Packets Per Sec 1 8) Packet DF Bit Clear

9) Test Duration min:sec (0=forever) 0

10) Min Test Payload Size (40 - 9950) 40

11) Max Test Payload Size (40 - 9950) 40

12) Start/Stop Test

Select [1-12]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 4-4 Latency/Jitter Test screen

Type the number of the function you wish to change, and press Enter. Once the settings have been entered, type 13 and press Enter to begin or end testing. Press Esc to return to the

Diagnostics menu. Configuration items are as follows:

1. To IP Address The remote NID's Test IP Address or the IP Address of the network element to be tested IP Address.

2. From IP Address The IP address that the 9145ELB will use in the IP Source Address field of the test packets. Press the Space bar to scroll through Auto Selection,

Management IP, Test IP, and Aux IP.

The Auto Selection setting will start first with the Test IP. If the To IP Address is in the Test

Network Subnet, the Test IP will be used in the packet. If the Test IP is not available or the

To IP Address is not in the Test Network Subnet, the Aux IP is checked. If the Aux IP is not available or the To IP Address is not the Aux Network Subnet, the Manager IP is

49

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Diagnostics

Latency/Jitter Test used. Any address can be used with the Manager IP since it has access to the Default

Gateway.

If the From IP Address is specified as the Test IP or the Aux IP, and the To IP Address is not located in the matching subnet, the destination is unreachable. An error message is displayed when the Start Test command is given.

3. Test VLANs Test packets carry this sequence of VLAN Tags. If one specific tag is set to

0, it is not included in the frame. For example, 100/ 0/ 20 identifies a double tagged frame

(S-C tagged), in which the T-Tag is not present.

The Test VLAN can only be changed if

• The source IP address (attribute 2) is the Test IP address of the system. In this case only the C-VLAN is configurable.

• The source IP address (attribute 3) is the Aux IP address of the system, and the

AUX IP configuration has the “Allow all VLANs” flag enabled. In this case all the

VLANs for which the encapsulation is enabled can be configured.

4. Test Packets per sec The number of packets per second that will be generated by the test. Settings are: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 or 100.

5. Packet Timeout sec (1 - 10) The packet timeout for this test, from 1 to 10 seconds. If a response is not received within this time limit, the packet will be considered lost.

6. Packet Priority The Packet Priority Code Point (PCP) from 0 to 7, with 0 being the lowest priority.

7. Packet DSCP Code (0 - 63) The Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) code used to classify packets in a Diffserv network. Other network devices that support Diffserv use the DSCP code in the IP header to select a per hop behavior (PHB) for the packet and provide the appropriate QoS treatment.

8. Packet DF Bit The DF (Don’t Fragment) Bit is an identifier in the packet that determines if this packet can be fragmented to smaller packets.

9. Test Duration min:sec The amount of time the test will run in minutes and seconds. A setting of 0 will allow the test to run forever.

10. Min Test Payload Size (40 - 9950) The minimum test size, in bytes. The 9145ELB sends test packets ranging in size from the minimum packet setting to the maximum packet setting (sweep), if they are different. The minimum payload size must be less than, or equal to, the maximum payload size. If a sweep is being performed, the size will be incremented by 1 byte for each message sent until the maximum test payload size is reached, then decremented by 1 byte for each message sent until the minimum payload size is reached, then repeated as necessary.

11. Max Test Payload (40 - 9950) The maximum test payload size, in bytes. The maximum payload size must be equal to, or greater than, the minimum payload size.

NOTE: If the DF Bit is clear, the actual maximum packet size is 8192. The DF Bit must be set for oversized packets greater than 1518 (payload size greater than 1472) to be sent or the packet will be fragmented (sent as multiple packets of size 1518).

12. Start/Stop Test Start and Stop testing.

50

Diagnostics

PING Generation

4.3 PING Generation

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

The PING Generation screen (also available from the Utility menu) is used to determine if a destination is reachable from the NID. From the Diagnostics menu, type 3 and press Enter. The

PING Generation screen (Figure 4-5) opens.

Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011

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-------------------------------PING GENERATION---------------------------------

1) Ping to Address : 0.0.0.0

2) Ping from Address : Auto Selection

3) Ping Count : 0

4) Ping C-VLAN ID : 0

5) Ping T-VLAN ID : 0

6) Ping S-VLAN ID : 0

7) Ping Payload Size (40 - 9950) : 40

8) Ping DF Bit : Clear

9) Start Pinging

Select [1-9]

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 4-5 PING Generation screen

1. To enter a Ping to address, on the PING Generation screen, type 1 and press Enter. Type the destination IP address and press Enter.

2. To change the Ping from Address, type 2 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select

Test IP (if available), Mgr IP, Aux IP, or Auto Selection, and then press Enter. The Auto

Selection setting will attempt to use the Test IP first.

If the Ping to Address is in the Test Network Subnet, the Test IP will be used in the ping packet. If the Test IP is not available or the Ping to Address is not in the Test Network

Subnet, the Aux IP is checked. If the Aux IP is not available or the Ping to Address is not the Aux Network Subnet, the Manager IP is used. Any address can be used with the Manager IP since it has access to the Default Gateway.

If the Ping from Address is specified as the Test IP or the Aux IP, and the Ping to Address is not located in the matching subnet, the destination is unreachable. An error message is displayed when the Start Pinging command is given.

3. To enter a Ping Count, type 3 and press Enter. Type a value from 1 to 255 (0 = forever). and press Enter.

4. To enter the Ping C-VLAN ID, type 4 and press Enter. You can configure this setting if the

Ping from Address is the Test IP, the Management IP, or the AUX IP, and the AUX IP configuration has the “Allow all VLANs” flag enabled.

5. To enter the Ping T-VLAN ID, type 5 and press Enter. You can configure this setting only if the source address (Attribute 2) is Test IP, or AUX IP, and the AUX IP configuration has the “Allow all VLANs” flag enabled.

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Diagnostics

PING Generation

6. To enter the Ping S-VLAN ID, type 6 and press Enter. You can configure this setting only if the source address (Attribute 2) is Test IP, or Aux IP, and the Aux IP configuration has the “Allow all VLANs” flag enabled.

7. To enter the Ping Payload Size, type 7 and press Enter. Type a value between 40 and

9950. To send packets greater than 1518 (payload size greater than 1472), the DF (Don't

Fragment) bit must be set or the packet will be fragmented (sent as multiple packets of size 1518).

8. To change the Ping DF Bit setting, type 8 and press Enter.

9. When you are finished entering values, type 9 to start pinging and press Enter. The PING

test starts (Figure 4-6).

10. When the test is complete, press Esc to return to the PING Generation screen.

Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011

9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01 10:55:13

-------------------------------PING GENERATION---------------------------------

PING in progress

Ping Address : 0.0.0.0

Ping Count : 0

Ping VLAN Info : C-VLAN ID: 100,

T-VLAN ID: 200,

S-VLAN ID: 300

Pinging 0.0.0.0 from 192.168.92.34 with 40 bytes.

Request timed out, Seq #0

Request timed out, Seq #1

Request timed out, Seq #2

Request timed out, Seq #3

7 packets transmitted, 0 packets received, 100.000% packet loss

round-trip (No round-trip packets received)

Press Escape to continue...

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

-

Figure 4-6 PING Generation - In Progress screen

52

Diagnostics

Cable Diagnostics

4.4 Cable Diagnostics

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

The cable diagnostics function provides UTP cable testing. Its function is to determine the UTP cable status and can provide a very useful physical link troubleshooting tool.

• When the cable is OK, cable diagnostics indicates the length of the cable.

• When there is a problem, cable diagnostics indicates how far from the interface connection the fault is and information about the fault.

To access the Cable Diagnostics screen, from the Diagnostics menu, type 4 and press Enter.

The Cable Diagnostics screen (Figure 4-7) opens.

NOTE: The cable diagnostic test is for UTP User Ports only. The 10G ports use fiber-based

SFP+ interfaces.

To run the diagnostics test on the User Port, type the number of the port (1-16) and press Enter.

When the test is complete, press Esc to return to the Diagnostics menu.

NOTE: If you enter the number of a User Port that does not support cable diagnostics (for example, an SFP port) the following message is displayed “The port is not a UTP interface or not present.”

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---------------------------------CABLE DIAGNOSTICS-----------------------------

Enter User Port [1-16]: 4

Interface: USR4

Pair State Length

---- ----- ----------

1 Open 89.91 <m> +/- 5 <m>

2 Open 89.91 <m> +/- 5 <m>

3 Open 88.27 <m> +/- 5 <m>

4 Open 89.50 <m> +/- 5 <m>

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 4-7 Cable Diagnostics screen

NOTE: Distances shown on the Cable Diagnostics screen are accurate to within +/- 5 meters.

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Diagnostics

Cable Diagnostics

54

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Port Information

Chapter 5

Port Information

5.0 Port Description

.

The Port Information screen (Figure 5-1) provides a description and a graphic depiction of the

User, Network, and Management ports for the 9145ELB, with options to view parameters and statistics for specific ports. The 9145ELB features a modular, field-installable Network Port. The supported Network Port module is the Dual 10G Optical Ethernet.

Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011

Model 9145ELB-B83-0 V04.01 01:27:03

--------------------------------PORT INFORMATION-------------------------------

____________________________________________________________________________

| ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ | 9145ELB-B83-M-0 |

| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| | o pwr |

| |utp| |utp| |utp| |utp| |sfp| |sfp| |sfp| |sfp| |utp| | o sta |

| |off| |dwn| |up | |up | |up | |off| |up | |up | |up | | |

| mgmt | 9420-302 |

| 2/1 4/3 6/5 8/7 10/9 12/11 14/13 16/15 | |

| ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ | ___ la ___ la |

| |off| |off| |off| |off| |off| |off| |off| |off| | | | |up |o |dwn|o |

| |utp| |utp| |utp| |utp| |sfp| |sfp| |sfp| |sfp| | | | |sfp|o |sfp|o |

| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| | | + |spd | + |spd|

| la << USER PORTS >> spd eia-232| 10G1 10G2 |

|____________________________________________________________________________|

1) Link Status 4) Layer 2 Statistics

2) Port Configuration 5) RMON Group 1 Statistics

3) Network Side Forwarding Configuration

Select [1-5]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 5-1 Port Information screen

55

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Port Information

Link Status

5.1 Link Status

Link Status informs you of the current link status of the User, Network, and Management UTP ports of the 9145ELB and provides information on User and Network Port SFP transmit (Tx) and receive (Rx) power. This screen changes to reflect all 16 User Ports and two 10G ports.

The current active clock is shown on the Link Status screen.

From the Port Information screen (Figure 5-1), select Link Status (1) and press Enter. Press Esc

to return to the Port Information screen.

NOTE: The screen will change to reflect the 16 User Ports and two 10G ports on the device.

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----------------------------------LINK STATUS-----------------------------------

Port Speed/Dplx Rx dbm Tx dbm Trans Port Speed/Dplx Rx dBm Tx dBm Trans

----- ---------- ------ ------ ----- ----- ---------- ------- ------- -----

USR1 1000M/Full N/A N/A 0 USR9 1000M/Full -5.2 -6.1 2

USR2 Down N/A N/A 0 USR10 Down N/A N/A 1

USR3 Down N/A N/A 21 USR11 Down N/A N/A 17

USR4 Down N/A N/A 12 USR12 100M Auto N/A N/A 11

USR5 Down N/A N/A 0 USR13 100M/Full N/A N/A 0

USR6 Down N/A N/A 0 USR14 Down N/A N/A 0

USR7 Down N/A N/A 0 USR15 Down N/A N/A 0

USR8 Down N/A N/A 0 USR16 Down N/A N/A 0

10G1 Down N/A N/A 0 MGMT Down N/A N/A 0

10G2 Down N/A N/A 0

Select [(CTRL-R) Reset Link State Transition Counters]:

------------------------------------Messages---------------------------------------------

Figure 5-2 Link Status screen (Dual 10G Optical Ethernet Module)

56

Port Information

Port Configuration

5.2 Port Configuration

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

Use the Port Configuration functions to obtain hardware information, or to view and modify the functional configuration and manage the various port filters and port-level policers.

At the Port Information screen (Figure 5-1), select Port Configuration (2) and press Enter. The

Port Configuration screen (Figure 5-3) opens. The following sections describe the items on the

Port Configuration menu. Press Esc to return to the Port Information screen.

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-------------------------------PORT CONFIGURATION------------------------------

1) Hardware Information

2) Port Config/Status : 10G2

3) Port Filters

4) Flow Control : Disabled

5) Maximum Frame Size : 10000

6) Link Loss Forwarding : Disabled

Select [1-6]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 5-3 Port Configuration screen

Flow Control Enables or disables flow control on the ports. Flow control is used for 9145ELBs that have a speed mismatch between the user port and the network port and are attached to equipment that can buffer overflow traffic. If Flow Control is enabled, the 9145ELB will begin to transmit PAUSE frames when its buffers are half full. Press the Space bar to select User Ports

Enabled, Net Ports Enabled, All Ports Enabled, or Disabled.

Maximum Frame Size Sets the maximum allowable Ethernet Frame size that the 9145ELB will forward for all ports. Frames exceeding the Maximum Frame Size will be counted as Oversize

Packets and will be discarded. Frames destined for the 9145ELB Manager are exempt from the limit. Enter a Maximum Frame Size between 1518 and 10000. Note that an S-tag is added to frames ingress to the user port, so the maximum size of frames ingress to the user port is 9996 since anything over 10000 is not transmitted.

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Port Information

Port Configuration

5.2.1 Hardware Information

The Hardware Information screen (Figure 5-4) provides 9145ELB hardware information such as

model number, hardware revision, and serial number for the 9145ELB.

To review hardware information, select Hardware Information (1) from the Port Configuration menu and press Enter. This is an informational screen only.

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------------------------------HARDWARE INFORMATION--------------Display 1 of 6-

NID Model Number 9145ELB-971-4-0 Module Model Number 9410-101 DS1

NID Hardware Rev. A1 Module Hardware Rev. A1

NID Serial Number 20110501177 Module Serial Number 20110501242

SFP Information User Port 1 User Port 2 User Port 3

Model Number SFP1-0045 SFP+1-0045 SFP+1-0045

Wavelength 850nm MM 850nm MM 850nm MM

Connector Type Duplex LC Duplex LC Duplex LC

Data Rate 1000Mbps 1000Mbps 1000Mbps

Maximum Line Length N/A N/A N/A

Maximum Loss Budget 7.5dB 7.5dB 7.5dB

MAC address 00:40:2A:04:E5:83 00:40:2A:04:E5:84 00:40:2A:04:E5:85

Power Supply A AC Fan Module Fans/4

Power Supply B N/A

Select [(N)ext],(G)oto], ESC to return to previous screen:

----------------------------------Messages-------------------------------------

Figure 5-4 Hardware Information screen

58

Port Information

Port Configuration

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

5.2.2 Port Config/Status Screens

From the Port Configuration screen (Figure 5-3), select Port Config/Status (2) and press Enter.

You are prompted for a Port: U1-16, 10G1, or 10G2. The Config/Status screen opens:

The Config/Status screen displays the User and Network Port speed and duplex information, and allows you to set the functions listed below. To modify the settings, type the number of the setting and press Enter.

Canoga Perkins Corp.

Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device

08-OCT-2011

9145ELB-B83-M-0 V04.01 22:37:16

------------------------------- U1 CONFIG/STATUS -------------------------------

Port : U1 Physical Status : Link Down

Port Type : 100M/1G SFP SFP Model Number : Not Present

Link Status : Link Down Link Transitions : 0

1) Speed Setting : 1000M Full

2) L2CP Port Filters

3) RMTF : Disabled

4) RMTF Mode : CP Proprietary

5) LLF Participation : Disabled

10G2 User/Network Mode : User (Ports U9-U16 disabled)

Policing Policer Bandwidth Profile

-------- ------- -----------------

6) Disabled N/A N/A

Select [1-6, (G)oto]:

------------------------------------Messages---------------------------------------------

Figure 5-5 U1 Config/Status screen

Option 5 on this screen configures port 10G2. When you select port 10G2 for configuration, the

10G2 User/Network Mode can be configured whereas on the other ports, the mode of the 10G2 port is displayed for informational purposes only. It can only be changed from User to Network modes when you select 10G2 for port configuration. When configured as a Network Port, the

menu appears as in Figure 5-6, to reflect the services offered in network mode.

NOTE: When you switch port 10G2 from UNI to NNI, User Ports 9-16 are disabled and must be enabled manually.

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Port Information

Port Configuration

Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 08-OCT-2011

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------------------------------ 10G2 CONFIG/STATUS ------------------------------

Port : 10G2 Physical Status : Link Down

Port Type : SFP+ SFP Model Number : SFP+1-0122

Link Status : Link Down Link Transitions : 0

1) Speed Setting : 10000M Full

2) RMTF : Disabled

3) RMTF Mode : CP Proprietary

4) 10G2 User/Network Mode : Network (Ports U9-U16 are User mode)

Select [1-4, (G)oto]:

------------------------------------Messages---------------------------------------------

Figure 5-6 10G2 Config/Status screen (Network Port)

When 10G2 is configured as a User Port, the menu appears as follows to reflect the services

offered in 10G User mode (Figure 5-7).

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------------------------------ 10G2 CONFIG/STATUS ------------------------------

Port : 10G2 Physical Status : Link Down

Port Type : SFP+ SFP Model Number : SFP+1-0122

Link Status : Link Down Link Transitions : 0

1) Speed Setting : 10000M Full

2) L2CP Port Filters

3) RMTF : Disabled

4) RMTF Mode : CP Proprietary

5) LLF Participation : Enabled

6) 10G2 User/Network Mode : User (Ports U9-U16 disabled)

Select [1-6, (G)oto]:

------------------------------------Messages---------------------------------------------

Figure 5-7 10G2 Config/Status screen (Uni port)

NOTE: For dual rate SFPs the speed must be configured. Configurable rates are 100M Half,

100M Full, 1000M Full, and 1000M Auto.

60

Port Information

Port Configuration

The settings are listed below:

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

User UTP Port Settings

User and Network Port SFP

Settings

Disabled

10M Half

10M Full

10M Auto

100M Half

100M Full

100M Auto

10/100M Auto

1000M Full

10/100/1000M Auto

Disabled

100M Half

100M Full

1000M Full

1000M Auto

10000 Full

RMTF Enables or disables remote fault configuration on ports.

LLF Participation Enables or disables link loss forwarding on ports.

L2CP Port Filters L2CP Filters can be used to filter out specific control protocol frames from the data stream. This port-based filtering mechanism will inspect each received packet for specific protocol markers (such as destination multicast address, protocol type, protocol sub-type, etc.).

If the filter for the particular protocol is enabled for the port, the port will discard the packet. Port

Filters can be setup for each port independently.

1. To configure L2CP filters, type 2 and press Enter. The L2CP Port Filters (Figure 5-8) screen opens.

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----------------------------- U1 L2CP PORT FILTERS -----------------------------

Port : U1 Physical Status : Link Down

Port Type : 100M/1G SFP SFP Model Number : Not Present

Link Status : Link Down Link Transitions : 0

1) STP MSTP RSTP BPDU Filter : Disabled 9) MMRP Filter : Disabled

2) Pause Filter : Disabled 10) CDP Filter : Disabled

3) LACP Filter : Disabled 11) VTP Filter : Disabled

4) Port Authentication Filter : Disabled 12) PagP Filter : Disabled

5) E-LMI Filter : Disabled 13) PVST+ BPDU Filter : Disabled

6) Provider Bridge Filter : Disabled 14) Link OAM PDU Filter : Disabled

7) LLDP Filter : Disabled 15) UDLD Filter : Enabled

8) MVRP Filter : Disabled

Select [1-15, (G)oto]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 5-8 L2CP Port Filters screen

2. Type the number of the filter you wish to modify and press Enter. Use the space bar to enable or disable the filter.

61

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Port Information

Port Configuration

3. To go to a particular port, type G and press Enter. You are prompted to enter a port number in the form: U1-16, 10G1, or 10G2.

4. When you have finished enabling or disable filters, press Esc to return to the previous screen.

5.2.3 Port Filters

Port Filters can be used to filter out specific management frames from the data stream. This filtering mechanism will inspect each received packet and will discard the packet if the filter is enabled. There are three types of filters:

• User Side Manager MAC Filter

• User Side Test Network Filter

• Management VLAN Filter

To configure the port filters, select Port Filters (3) from the Port Configuration screen and press

Enter. The Port Filters screen (Figure 5-9) opens. To set the port filters, type the filter item

number (1 to 3), and press Enter.

1. User Side Manager MAC Filter When this attribute is enabled, the 9145E will block packets entering the unit which have the Manager’s MAC address as the source MAC

Address. This prevents spoofing of Management frames. Press the Space bar to select

Enabled or Disabled.

2. User Side Test Network Filter When this attribute is enabled, the 9145ELB will inspect and discard all packets entering its User Ports that have a source IP address on the same subnet mask as the Test network. This prevents spoofing of test packets. Press the Space bar to select Enabled or Disabled.

3. Management VLAN Filter When this attribute is enabled, the 9145ELB will discard traffic that is tagged with the Management VLAN on the specified port. This will not affect management packets that are addressed to the 9145ELB. Press the Space bar to select

Disabled, User Ports Enabled, Net Ports Enabled, or All User and Net Ports Enabled.

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----------------------------------PORT FILTERS---------------------------------

1) User Side Manager MAC Filter Enabled

2) User Side Test Network Filter Enabled

3) Management VLAN Filter Disabled

62

Select [1-3]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 5-9 Port Filters screen

Port Information

Network Side Forwarding Configuration

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

5.3 Network Side Forwarding Configuration

From the Port Information screen (Figure 5-1), select Network Side Forwarding (3), and press

Enter. The Network Side Forwarding Configuration screen (Figure 5-10) opens.

1. To change the active Network Port interface for forwarding, press Enter. The screen now allows you to toggle between values (Figure 5-10).

2. Press the Space bar to select Net1 or Net2 (Figure 5-11).

3. Press Enter to accept the change.

4. Press Esc to return to the Port Information screen.

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----------------------NETWORK SIDE FORWARDING CONFIGURATION---------------------

1) Active Network Port Interface: NET1

Press ENTER to start editing

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 5-10 Network Side Forwarding Configuration screen

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Port Information

Network Side Forwarding Configuration

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----------------------NETWORK SIDE FORWARDING CONFIGURATION---------------------

1) Active Network Port Interface: NET2

Press SPACE: toggle selection. ENTER: accept. ESC: cancel

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 5-11 Network Side Forwarding Configuration screen (editing)

64

Port Information

Layer 2 Statistics

5.4 Layer 2 Statistics

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

To view Layer 2 statistics, from the Port Information screen (Figure 5-1), select Layer 2 Statistics

(4) and press Enter. The Layer 2 Statistics screen (Figure 5-12) opens.

Use the controls as listed at the bottom of the screen to view the Layer 2 Statistics screen. Press

Esc to return to the Port Information screen.

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------------------------LAYER 2 STATISTICS (CURRENT)-------------Display 1 of 6

User Port 1 User Port 2 User Port 3

Link State ** DOWN ** ** DOWN ** ** DOWN **

Speed/Duplex N/A N/A N/A

Frames Sent 0 0 0

Frames Rcvd 0 0 0

Bytes Sent 0 0 0

Bytes Rcvd 0 0 0

Frames > 1518 0 0 0

Frames > 1522 0 0 0

Line Rate Utilization 0% 0% 0%

Last Counter Reset: 18:34:18

Select [(N)ext (P)rev (G)oto ports,(C)hange Counter Frame Size,(E)rror Counters

(T)Frame Type Counters, (CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 5-12 Layer 2 Statistics screen

You can perform the following actions on the Layer 2 Statistics screen:

Change Counter Frame Size The 9145ELB has a programmable counter for frames greater than the programmed size. Type C and press Enter. Type the frame size, between 64 and

10,000, and press Enter.

Error Counters Type E and press Enter to view the Layer 2 Error Statistics screen (Figure 5-13).

Frame Type Counters Type T and press Enter to view the Layer 2 Frame Type Statistics screen

(Figure 5-14).

Raw Counters Press CTRL-T to view raw layer 2 statistics. These are the total counters since the last time the 9145ELB was reset.

Reset Counters Press CTRL-R to reset the counters. The counters are reset independently of the raw counters. The raw counters can not be cleared.

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Port Information

Layer 2 Statistics

Frame Counters Type F and press Enter to view. (Available on Layer 2 Error Statistics (Figure

5-13) and Layer 2 Frame Type Statistics (Figure 5-14) screens).

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-----------------------LAYER 2 ERROR STATISTICS (CURRENT)-----------------------

User Port 1 User Port 2 User Port 3

Link State ** DOWN ** ** DOWN ** ** DOWN **

Frames Sent 0 0 0

Frames Rcvd 0 0 0

Collisions 0 0 0

Late Collisions 0 0 0

Alignment Errors 0 0 0

Undersize < 64 0 0 0

Oversize > 10000 0 0 0

Fragments 0 0 0

CRC Errors 0 0 0

Jabber Events 0 0 0

Dropped 0 0 0

Last Counter Reset: 3 days 04:15:53

Select [(P) More ports, (F) Frame Counters, (T) Frame Type Counters,

(CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters]:

Figure 5-13 Layer 2 Error Statistics screen

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--------------------LAYER 2 FRAME TYPE STATISTICS (CURRENT)---------------------

User Port 1 User Port 2 User Port 3

Link State ** DOWN ** ** UP ** ** DOWN **

Frames Sent 0 22082124 0

Frames Rcvd 0 22082124 0

Rx Broadcasts 0 0 0

Tx Broadcasts 0 0 0

Rx Multicasts 0 0 0

Tx Multicasts 0 0 0

VLAN Tagged 0 142213 0

Pause Frames 0 0 0

Filtered Frames 0 0 0

Rx Management 0 0 0

Tx Management 0 0 0

Last Counter Reset: 04:13:38

Select [(N)ext, (P)rev (G)oto Ports,(F) Frame Counters, (E) Error Counters,

(CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 5-14 Layer 2 Frame Type Statistics (Current) screen

Port Information

Layer 2 Statistics

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

5.4.1 Layer 2 Counter Definitions

The following are definitions of the counters displayed on the Layer 2 Statistics screen (Figure 5-

12), the Layer 2 Error Statistics screen (Figure 5-13), and Layer 2 Frame Type Statistics screens

(Figure 5-14).

5.4.1.1 Layer 2 Statistics

These counters are shown in Figure 5-12.

Frames Sent The total number of frames sent from the interface since the last reset (Raw) or the last counter reset (Current).

Frames Rcvd The total number of valid frames received on the interface since the last reset

(Raw) or the last counter reset (Current).

Bytes Sent The total number of bytes transmitted from the interface since the last reset (Raw) or the last counter reset (Current).

Bytes Rcvd The total number of valid bytes received on the interface since the last reset (Raw) or the last counter reset (Current).

Frames > 1518 The number of frames received on the interface that had a length of 1519 or higher. The length of the frame is calculated from the first bit of the destination address to the last bit of the CRC.

Frames > Limit The number of frames received on the interface that had a length that exceeded the user-defined Frame Size.

Line Rate Utilization The percent utilization of the Ethernet segment on a scale of 0 to 100 percent.

5.4.1.2 Layer 2 Error Statistics Screen

These counters are shown in Figure 5-13

Frames Sent The total number of frames sent from the interface since the last reset (Raw) or the last counter reset (Current).

Frames Rcvd The total number of valid frames received on the interface since the last reset

(Raw) or the last counter reset (Current).

Collisions The number of collisions that the interface encountered when attempting to transmit a frame over a half duplex connection.

Late Collisions The number of collisions that the interface encountered later than 512 bit-times into the frame when attempting to transmit a frame over a half duplex connection.

Alignment Errors The number of frames received on the interface that had a non-integral number of octets and a bad CRC. The interface will discard the frame.

Undersize < 64 The number of frames received on the interface that were less than 64 bytes in length (excluding preamble and start-of-frame delimiter, but including the CRC), and were otherwise well formed. The interface will discard the frame. Undersized frames are also known as runts.

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Port Information

Layer 2 Statistics

Oversize > MaxFrameSize The number of frames received on the interface that had a length

(excluding preamble and start-of-frame delimiter, but including the CRC) greater than the

Maximum Frame Size set for the system.

See the Functional Configuration screen for information on how to set the Maximum Frame Size.

The interface will discard the frame.

Fragments The number of frames received on the interface that were not an integral number of bytes in length or that had a bad CRC, and were less than 64 bytes in length (excluding preamble and start-of-frame delimiter but including the CRC). The interface will discard the frame.

CRC Errors The number of frames received on the interface that had a length (excluding preamble and start-of-frame delimiter, but including the CRC) of between 64 and the Maximum

Frame Size, inclusive, but had a bad CRC. The interface will discard the frame.

Jabber Events The number of frames received on the interface that had a length greater than

1518 and had a bad CRC. This follows the definition in the RMON RFC.

Dropped The number of frames that the interface was unable to transmit due to buffer overflow or link failure.

5.4.1.3 Layer 2 Frame Type Statistics

These counters are shown in Figure 5-14.

Frames Sent The total number of frames sent from the interface since the last reset (Raw) or the last counter reset (Current).

Frames Rcvd The total number of valid frames received on the interface since the last reset

(Raw) or the last counter reset (Current).

Rx Broadcasts The number of broadcast frames received on the interface.

Tx Broadcasts The number of broadcast frames transmitted by the interface.

Rx Multicasts The number of multicast frames received on the interface.

Tx Multicasts The number of multicast frames transmitted by the interface.

VLAN Tagged The number of VLAN tagged frames received on the interface.

Pause Frames The number of PAUSE frames received by the interface.

Filtered Frames The number of frames received on the interface that were dropped due to filtering rules.

Rx Management The number of frames received on the interface that were passed to the

9145ELB manager.

Tx Management The number of frames received from the 9145ELB manager that were passed to the interface.

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Port Information

RMON Group 1 Statistics

5.5 RMON Group 1 Statistics

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

To view Remote Monitoring Specification (RMON) statistics, from the Port Information screen

(Figure 5-1), select RMON Group 1 Statistics (5) and press Enter. The RMON Group 1 Statistics

screen (Figure 5-15) opens.

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-----------------------RMON GROUP 1 STATISTICS (CURRENT)--------Display 1 of 6

User Port 1 User Port 2 User Port 3

Link State ** DOWN ** ** DOWN ** ** DOWN **

Speed/Duplex N/A N/A N/A

Packets Rcvd 0 0 0

Octets Rcvd 0 0 0

Broadcasts Rcvd 0 0 0

Multicasts Rcvd 0 0 0

Pkts 64 0 0 0

Pkts 65-127 0 0 0

Pkts 128-255 0 0 0

Pkts 256-511 0 0 0

Pkts 512-1023 0 0 0

Pkts 1024-1518 0 0 0

Last Counter Reset: 23:14:27

Select [(N)ext ports (P)rev ports,(M) More Info,

(CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 5-15 RMON Group 1 Statistics screen

Follow the instructions at the bottom of the RMON Group 1 Statistics screen to view the information listed below. Type P to view other ports. Type M to view more statistics. Press Esc to return to the Port Information screen.

The following counters are displayed on the RMON Group 1 Statistics screen:

Packets Rcvd Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets, broadcast packets, and multicast packets) received.

NOTE: Bad packets have a valid preamble and SFD, but a bad CRC, or are shorter than 64 octets. or longer than the MAX Frame Size.

Octets Rcvd Reports the total number of octets of data (including those in bad packets) received on the network (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).

Broadcasts Rcvd Reports the total number of good packets received that were directed to the broadcast address. Note that this does not include multicast packets.

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Port Information

RMON Group 1 Statistics

Multicasts Rcvd Reports the total number of good packets received that were directed to a multicast address. Note that this number does not include packets directed to the broadcast address.

Pkts 64 Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were 64 octets in length (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).

Pkts 65-127 Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were between 65 and 127 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).

Pkts 128-255 Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were between 128 and 255 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).

Pkts 256-511 Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were between 256 and 511 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).

Pkts 512-1023 Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were between 512 and 1023 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).

Pkts 1024-1518 Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were between 1024 and 1518 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).

Type M and press Enter to see more statistics (Figure 5-16):

Drop Events Reports the total number of events in which packets were dropped by the probe due to lack of resources. Note that this number is not necessarily the number of packets dropped; it is just the number of times this condition has been detected.

CRC/Align Errors Reports the total number of packets received that had a length (excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) of between 64 and 1518 octets, inclusive, but had either a bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error).

Undersize Reports the total number of packets received that were less than 64 octets long

(excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed.

Oversize Reports the total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets

(excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed.

Fragments Reports the total number of packets received that were less than 64 octets in length

(excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) and had either a bad Frame Check Sequence

(FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error).

Note that it is entirely normal for Fragments to increment. This is because it counts both runts

(which are normal occurrences due to collisions) and noise hits.

Jabbers Reports the total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets

(excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets), and had either a bad Frame Check Sequence

(FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error). The allowed range to detect jabber is between 20 ms and 150 ms.

Collisions Reports the best estimate of the total number of collisions on this Ethernet segment.

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Port Information

RMON Group 1 Statistics

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

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-----------------------RMON GROUP 1 STATISTICS (CURRENT)------------------------

User Port 1 User Port 2 User Port 3

Link State ** DOWN ** ** DOWN ** ** DOWN **

Speed/Duplex N/A N/A N/A

Packets Rcvd 0 0 0

Octets Rcvd 0 0 0

Drop Events 0 0 0

CRC/Align Errors 0 0 0

Undersize 0 0 0

Oversize 0 0 0

Fragments 0 0 0

Jabbers 0 0 0

Collisions 0 0 0

Last Counter Reset: 23:18:57

Select [(N)ext ports (P)rev ports,(M) More Info,

(CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters]:

---------------------------------Messages--------------------------------------

Figure 5-16 RMON Group 1 Statistics screen (continued)

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Port Information

RMON Group 1 Statistics

72

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual System Alarms & Logs

Chapter 6

System Alarms & Logs

6.0 System Alarms

Use the System Alarms screen to view alarms and faults on the 9145ELB.

To view alarm status, select System Alarms (4) from the Main Menu and press Enter. The

System Alarms screen (Figure 6-1) opens, showing status for User Ports.

NOTE: System Alarms screen for Network Ports will vary, depending on the Network Port module you have installed.

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-----------------------------------SYSTEM ALARMS-------------------------------

Port Link RMTF SFP Tx Port Link RMTF SFP Tx

----- -------- ---- ------ ----- -------- ---- ------

USR1 Down N/A N/A USR9 No SFP N/A N/A

USR2 Down N/A N/A USR10 Down No N/A

USR3 Down N/A N/A USR11 Bad SFP N/A N/A

USR4 Down N/A N/A USR12 No SFP N/A N/A MGMT Up

USR5 Disabled N/A N/A USR13 Up No N/A

USR6 Disabled N/A N/A USR14 No SFP N/A N/A

USR7 Disabled N/A N/A USR15 Bad SFP N/A N/A

USR8 Disabled N/A N/A USR16 No SFP N/A N/A

10G1 No SFP+ N/A N/A 10G2 Up No Ok

DC-WR PS A Status Bad 1.98 Volts Output (10.92 < OK < 13.20)

AC PS B Status Bad 0.00 Volts Output (10.92 < OK < 13.20)

Main Board Voltages All mainboard voltages OK

Fan Status All Fans Ok

Temperature Status OK 29.5C (0.0C < OK < 70.0C)

Press ESC to return to the previous menu

-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 6-1 System Alarms screen

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual System Alarms & Logs

System Log

6.1 System Log

The System Log lists all events that occurred since the last power-up or since the log was last cleared. The log lists items with the most current item at the top. As events fill the System Log, older events drop off. The Event Types include:

System system-level resources

Trap also reported to the Network Manager

Security security information and violations. An asterisk (*) Local event indicates that the user has an account defined on the local User Account screen.

Config configuration changes and the username of the entity that made the change.

To view the System Log, select System Log (5) from the Main Menu and press Enter.

To page through the entries, type F for the first page, type N for the next page, type P for the previous page, or type L for the last page.

To go to a specific event number (for example, entry number 2457) type G, and then type the entry number.

To clear the system log, type C. To return to the Main Menu, press Esc.

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---------------------------------SYSTEM LOG------------------------------------

Description Type Username Local Date/Time

Displaying 1 to 7 of 7 filtered entries, 7 total

Log cleared

System admin * 16-JUN-2009 11:00:41.50

Changed User Port OAM event log frequency: 0 (in 100 ms)

Config SYSTEM * 16-JUN-2009 11:05:02.50

Changed Net Port OAM event log frequency: 0 (in 100 ms)

Config SYSTEM * 16-JUN-2009 11:05:02.90

File 9145e.cfg is successfully transferred and burned via: FTP

Action SYSTEM * 16-JUN-2009 11:05:02.50

User logged out

Security admin * 16-JUN-2009 11:10:04.40

User logged in

Security admin * 16-JUN-2009 11:12:37.10

System time set by SNTP: 16-JUN-2009 11:13:09

System SYSTEM * 16-JUN-2009 11:13:09.30

Select [(F)irst, (N)ext, (P)rev, (L)ast, (G)oto, (C)lear, (S)elect Filter]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 6-2 System Log screen

74

System Alarms & Logs

System Log

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

6.1.1 Log Display Filter Configuration

The 9145ELB has a flexible System Log Display Filter that turns off display of log items that are not of interest to the user. For example, you can look at events that occurred around a certain date, or configuration undertaken by a particular user, or just view trap events, and so forth.

The Log Display Filter Configuration screen (Figure 6-3) allows you to reconfigure the log display

filter settings.

1. From the System Log screen (Figure 6-2), type S and press Enter. The Log Display Filter

Configuration screen (Figure 6-3) opens.

2. To modify filter configuration, type the number of the filter and press Enter. Press the

Space bar to select On or Off and Show or Hide.

To change all filters 4 through 15 to Show, type 16 and press Enter.

To change all filters 4 through 15 to Hide, type 17 and press Enter.

3. Type the Date/Time Filter Starts and Date/Time Filter Ends time(s) (optional) and press

Enter.

4. To return to the System Log screen, press Esc.

NOTE: If the Master filter is set to OFF, no filter changes will be applied.

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-------------------------LOG DISPLAY FILTER CONFIGURATION-----------------------

1. Master Filter: On

Date/Time Filters: 2. Date/Time Filter Starts At: 0

3. Date/Time Filter Ends At: 0

User Name Filters: 4. "SYSTEM": Hide

5. "admin": Show

6. Others: Show

User Type Filters: 7. Local: Show

8. Others: Show

Event Type Filters: 9. System: Hide

10. Security: Show

11. Trap: Show

12. Configuration Change: Hide

13. Action: Show

14. Configuration File Change: Show

15. OAM Event: Show

16. Show All Event Types

17. Hide All Event Types

Select[1-17]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 6-3 Log Display Filter Configuration screen

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual System Alarms & Logs

System Log

76

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Utilities

Chapter 7

Utilities

7.0 Utilities Menu

Use the Utilities Menu to setup and display basic information.

From the Main Menu (Figure 2-3), select Utilities (6) and press Enter. The Utilities Menu (Figure

7-1) opens. The sections below describe how to display and modify each feature listed on the

Utilities Menu.

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---------------------------------------UTILITIES-------------------------------

1) Set Date and Time

2) Reset Configuration To Default

3) Change Password

4) VT100 Baud Rate 9600

5) PING Generation

6) Static ARP Table

7) Dynamic ARP Table

Select [1-7]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 7-1 Utilities Menu

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Utilities

Set Date and Time

7.1 Set Date and Time

To set the correct date and time, type 1 and press Enter. Type the current date and time in DD/

MM/YYYY HH:MM:SS format. Press Enter to confirm the setting. Note that SNTP will overwrite the setting on the next poll if SNTP is enabled.

7.2 Reset Configuration To Default

To reset the configuration to the default settings, type 2 and press Enter. Type Y and press

Enter. All values, with the exception of Manager IP Address, Subnet Mask, Default Gateway,

Management Port, Manager's VLAN Configuration and ID, Test IP and Subnet Mask, and User and Network Port settings will be returned to factory settings and the system will be reset.

NOTE: During reset all host connections will be terminated.

7.3 Change Password

To change your current password, from the Utilities Menu, type 3 and press Enter. The Change

Password screen (Figure 7-2) opens.

1. Type the current password and press Enter.

2. Type the new password and press Enter.

3. Retype the new password and press Enter.

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-------------------------------CHANGE PASSWORD---------------------------------

Please enter your current password : *****

Please enter your new password : *****

Please enter your new password again : *****

78

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 7-2 Change Password screen

Utilities

VT100 Baud Rate

7.4 VT100 Baud Rate

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

To change the VT100 baud rate, from the Utilities Menu, type 4 and press Enter. The baud rate setting will be highlighted. Press the Space bar to select 9600 or 19200. Press Enter to confirm the setting.

7.5 PING Generation

From the Utilities Menu, type 5 and press Enter. The PING Generation screen (Figure 7-3)

opens.

NOTE: PING Generation is also available from the Diagnostics Menu. See the chapter on Diagnostics for information on how to set up the Ping Generation screen.

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-------------------------------PING GENERATION---------------------------------

1) Ping to Address : 0.0.0.0

2) Ping from Address : Auto Selection

3) Ping Count : 0

4) Ping C-VLAN ID : 0

5) Ping T-VLAN ID : 0

6) Ping S-VLAN ID : 0

7) Ping Payload Size (40 - 9950) : 40

8) Ping DF Bit : Clear

9) Start Pinging

Select [1-9]

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 7-3 PING Generation screen

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Utilities

Static ARP Table

7.6 Static ARP Table

The Static ARP table is used to define mapping between IP address and MAC address, and assign them to a port, thus bypassing the ARP mechanism. A maximum of 10 static ARP entries are available.

From the Utilities Menu, type 7 and press Enter. The Static ARP Table screen (Figure 7-4)

opens.

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------------------------------------STATIC ARP TABLE---------------------------

IP Address MAC Address Port

172.16.2.155 00-18-8B-82-8C-6F Usr1

172.16.2.156 00-18-8B-33-8C-6F 10G1

172.16.2.157 00-18-77-82-8C-6F Mgmt

Add or Delete an entry (1=Add, 2=Delete from table):

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 7-4 Static ARP Table screen

1. To add an entry to the static ARP table, type 1 and press Enter.

• Type the IP address and press Enter.

• Type the Mac address and press Enter.

• Type the port number and press Enter.

The address information is added to the table.

2. To delete an entry from the Static ARP Table, type 2 and press Enter. The first table entry will be highlighted. Press the Space bar to scroll through the entries. Press Enter to delete the highlighted entry.

3. Press Esc to return to the Utilities Menu.

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Utilities

Dynamic ARP Table

7.7 Dynamic ARP Table

9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual

The Dynamic ARP table lists currently active IP and MAC addresses for various 9145ELB ports.

Dynamic ARP entries expire after 10 minutes, unless a message exchange takes place.

1. From the Utilities Menu, type 7 and press Enter. The Dynamic ARP Table screen (Figure

7-5) opens. Type F (first), N, (next), P (previous) and L (last) to page through the entries.

2. To delete an entry from the table, type D and press Enter. The first entry is highlighted.

3. Press the Space bar to scroll through the list. When the address you wish to delete is highlighted, type CR and press Enter. The entry is deleted.

4. To delete all the addresses, type A and press Enter. You are asked to confirm that you wish to delete all the table entries. To accept, type Y and press Enter.

5. Press Esc to return to the Utilities Menu.

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--------------------------------DYNAMIC ARP TABLE-------------Display 1 - 4 of 4

IP Address MAC Address Port IP Address MAC Address Port

-------------- ------------ ---- ------------ --------------- ----

172.16.2.152 00-18-8B-8-2E5-98 USR1 172.16.2.56 00-A0-C9-4B-84-85 10G1

172.16.1.34 00-20-C5-00-C8-AF 10G1 172.16.170.110 00-18-8B-82-A7-27 USR10

172.16.2.145 00-13-20-CF-50-16 10G1 172.16.170.109 00-18-8B-82-E6-C1 10G1

172.16.2.151 00-18-8B-82-CC-C8 MGMT 172.16.170.108 00-18-8B-82-E5-B6 10G1

172.16.14.204 00-16-76-13-4A-88 10G1 172.16.170.115 00-18-8B-82-E5-E1 USR3

172.16.1.63 00-02-B3-A2-B9-BB 10G1 172.16.170.114 00-18-8B-82-82-69 Net1

172.16.170.103 00-18-8B-82-DE-79 10G1 172.16.2.134 00-11-11-EA-B1-70 10G1

172.16.170.102 00-18-8B-82-DC-08 10G1 172.16.2.132 00-13-72-1A-50-F4 10G1

172.16.170.107 00-18-8B-82-99-69 10G1 172.16.1.10 00-07-E9-20-03-48 10G1

172.16.1.57 00-04-E2-24-2A-75 10G1 172.16.1.11 08-00-09-FD-8B-F2 10G1

172.16.170.105 00-18-8B-82-D8-D2 USR16 172.16.2.184 00-18-8B-82-E5-4 10G1

Select [(F)irst, (N)ext, (P)rev, (L)ast, (D)elete, Delete (A)ll]:

------------------------------------Messages----------------------------------------

Figure 7-5 Dynamic ARP Table screen

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Dynamic ARP Table

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Software Reset

Chapter 8

Software Upgrade

8.0 Flash Memory

CAUTION: Swap Bank and Software Reset or Swap Bank After Download and Reset could disrupt service.

Each 9145ELB unit has two flash memory banks that store software. The Active Flash Memory bank holds the software that is currently in use. The Inactive Flash Memory bank holds the new software from a download, or the older version of software from a previous upgrade. Software can be downloaded into the Inactive Flash Memory bank without disrupting the normal operation of the 9145ELB. Downloading software into the Inactive Memory bank is a background operation and will not disrupt services.

From the Main Menu, select Software Upgrade (7) and press Enter. The Software Upgrade

screen (Figure 8-1) opens. The Software Upgrade screen displays the time since the last restart,

the active firmware version, the backup firmware version, and the bootcode version.

The Software Upgrade screen provides functions to reset the software, swap active flash memory banks, swap flash memory banks after a download and reset, and get a new file with

TFTP.

8.1 Software Reset

1. To reset the software, type 1 and press Enter. Reset will be highlighted.

2. Press Enter. The software resets. All users will be logged off the system.

Software resets do not affect payload traffic, as long as new software is not being loaded.

8.2 Swap Bank & Reset

You can elect to exchange the current software being executed with the software stored in the inactive flash memory bank. This process will swap flash memory banks (active > inactive, inactive > active) and reset the 9145ELB to activate the setting. The software in the inactive flash memory bank will become active and the active flash memory bank will become inactive when the 9145ELB resets.

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Swap Bank After Download and Reset

NOTE: All users will be logged off during the 9145ELB reset. In most cases, payload traffic through the 9145ELB will be disrupted for only a few frames while the data plane is being reprogrammed.

To swap banks and reset the 9145ELB, type 2 and press Enter. Swap will be highlighted. Press

Enter. The flash memory banks will be swapped and the 9145ELB will reset.

NOTE:The software on the new inactive flash memory bank will remain in memory and not be deleted.

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--------------------------------SOFTWARE UPGRADE-------------------------------

Time Since Last Restart 00:35:42

Version File Name File Size

Active Firmware 04.01 9145E-A50(GA0033)-04-00.ZIP 5494774

Inactive Firmware 03.50 9145E-A50(GA0021)-03-50.ZIP 5303334

Bootcode 03.10 9145E-B00(EB0033)-03-10.BIN 339094

1) Software Reset Reset

2) Swap Bank & Reset Swap

3) Swap Bank after

download and reset Yes

4) Get New File with TFTP

5) Hardware Reset HW Reset

Select [1-5]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 8-1 Software Upgrade screen

8.3 Swap Bank After Download and Reset

Option 3 allows you to select automatically swapping banks on reset after a successful download. Select Yes for automatically swap banks. Select No to have downloaded software remain in the inactive bank. This option does not generate a reset.

Type 3 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select Yes or No.

NOTE: Users will be disconnected when the 9145ELB is reset.

The setting “Swap Bank after download and reset” must be set before downloading the new software. After you download software, the message line will read Loads xx.xx on Next Reset.

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Get Software Upgrades with TFTP

8.4 Get Software Upgrades with TFTP

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Software can be downloaded from the Canoga Perkins web site to your TFTP server. After downloading the software, move the file to a known directory to which your TFTP server has access.

To download the latest version from your TFTP server to the 9145ELB, from the Software

Upgrade menu (Figure 8-1) type 4 and press Enter. The TFTP Upgrade screen (Figure 8-2) will

appear.

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----------------------------------TFTP SOFTWARE UPGRADE------------------------

Time Since Last Restart 00:42:39

Host IP Address : 172.16.2.40

File Name: 9145E-A50-04-09.zip

File transfer to unit now ? Y

TFTP transfer in progress...

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 8-2 TFTP Software Upgrade screen

1. Enter the IP Address of the Host TFTP server or press Enter to accept default address.

2. Enter the file name of the software you want to download and press Enter.

a. Type Y and press Enter to begin the download. Progress can be viewed in the message line.

b. Type N and press Enter to cancel the download and return to the Software

Upgrade screen.

3. When the download is complete, press Enter to return to the Software Upgrade screen.

The new software version should appear in the Inactive Firmware field. If Swap Bank after download and reset was set, the message: Loads xx.xx on Next Reset will appear on the message line.

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Software Upgrades Using FTP or SFTP

8.5 Software Upgrades Using FTP or SFTP

8.5.1 Software Download using FTP

Software upgrades can also be downloaded from the Canoga Perkins web site and installed using the computer that is the 9145ELB management host.

1. Go to the Canoga Perkins web site or contact Canoga Perkins Customer Service to obtain the latest version of the 9145ELB software and copy the file to the 9145ELB management host.

2. Open a Command Prompt by selecting Start >Run

3. Type CMD into the OPEN window and click OK. The Command Prompt screen will open

(Figure 8-3).

Microsoft Windows XP [Version 5.1.2600]

(C) Copyright 1985-2001 Microsoft Corp.

C:\>cd Documents and Settings

C:\Documents and Settings>ftp 172.16.142.223

Connected to 172.16.142.223.

220 Service ready for new user.

User (172.16.142.223:(none)): admin

331 Username okay, need password.

Password:

230 User logged in, proceed.

ftp> cd BURNING

250 Requested file action okay, completed.

ftp> BI

200 Command Okay.

ftp> put 9145e-a10-02-00.zip

200 Command Okay.

150 File status okay; about to open data connection.

226-Closing data connection.

Writing file to flash.

226 ftp: 3415561 bytes sent in 126.42Seconds 27.02Kbytes/sec.

ftp>

Figure 8-3 Command Prompt screen

NOTE: Confirm that the IP address of your computer, or a proper network address/address mask combination is listed in the 9145ELB host table. If it is not listed, you cannot access the

9145ELB. To add the computer IP address in the host table, refer to “Host Table” on page 19.

4. If required, type cd directory_name.

Where directory_name is the name of the directory where the software upgrade is located.

5. Press Enter. The prompt will be relocated to that directory.

6. At the directory prompt, type ftp IP address

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Where IP address is the management IP address for the 9145ELB.

7. Press Enter. Service will be established.

8. Type your 9145ELB account user name and press Enter.

9. Type your password and press Enter. The ftp> prompt opens.

10. At the ftp> prompt, type cd burning and press Enter.

11. At the ftp> prompt, type bi (for binary) and press Enter. This informs the 9145ELB that this will be a binary rather than a text download. Another ftp> prompt will open.

12. At the ftp> prompt, type put (filename)

Where (filename) is the filename of the software upgrade. The command will be accepted and the download starts.

NOTE: The 9145ELB displays the number of bytes transferred. A separate message indicates the Flash Burning status, including percentage complete.

13. Once the software upgrade is downloaded, a notification that the data connection has been closed and that the upgrade is being written to the 9145ELB flash memory will be displayed.

14. A record of the file transfer will be displayed. Close the Command Prompt window.

8.5.2 Software Download using SFTP

For secure file transferring, the 9145ELB provides a Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) server.

The server is available to run with the SFTP client of your choice.

NOTE: Use the default settings for the SFTP Client program.

1. Start your Secure File Transfer Client and select Quick Connect or Open.

2. Enter the IP address of your 9145ELB, and your 9145ELB username.

3. A dialog opens. If this is your first time contacting the host, you will be asked if you want to use the keys. Click OK. A password dialog opens.

4. Enter your password for the 9145ELB account. Type cd BURNING (case sensitive) and press Enter to direct the software upgrade to the proper directory in the 9145ELB.

5. Transfer the software upgrade to the BURNING directory.

6. Type the file name and press Enter. If you are using a GUI SFTP client, you can drag and drop the upgrade file.

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8.5.3 Hardware Reset

A hardware reset clears all memory. Traffic ceases and the FPGAs are reloaded. Counters are cleared on all ports. The software is reconfigured based on the active image and its configuration. Prior to hardware reset, a log message will be generated, noting this request.

To reset the hardware, type 5 and press Enter. The system will go silent during the reboot period and will not be accessible. Traffic will cease until software has reloaded the FPGAs.

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9145ELB Queuing Functionality

Chapter 9

CoS Configuration

9.0 Class of Service

CAUTION: When CoS Support settings are set to Enabled, disabling may lead to temporary packet loss and/or packet mis-ordering.

When throughput exceeds the available bandwidth, Class of Service (CoS) mechanisms allow the 9145ELB to selectively queue frames based on priority of the packets serviced. CoS processing occurs in the egress direction of each port on the NID, that is, for frames transmitted from a NID port.

From the Class of Service Configuration screen (Figure 9-3), you can enable or disable CoS support, including Classification, Queuing, Scheduling, and Queue Management functions.

9.1 9145ELB Queuing Functionality

Figure 9-1 shows a logical model for the CoS function on the 9145ELB. With this model, packets

enter the NID on an Ingress Port (for example, a User Port or Network Port). If these well-formed packets are not discarded by the Port Filtering rules or due to a bad FCS, they are handed to a

Classifier function, which will further inspect the packet. The Classifier looks to assign a CoS level to a packet by inspecting specific indicators present in the packet header, such as VLAN-ID,

PCP or DSCP/ToS. The Classifier cross-references these indicators with the CoS assignments in the user configurable Class Map to determine the CoS for the packet, and submits it to the tail of the appropriate queue associated with the Egress Port. The Queue is simply a FIFO buffer, with user configurable length. Generally speaking, if an Egress Port supports multiple Classes of

Service, it will have multiple queues assigned to it (i.e., one for each CoS). In an asynchronous fashion, the Transmission Scheduling mechanism waits for the Egress Port to indicate to it that the transmission medium (not shown) is ready for another packet to be transmitted. The

Transmission Scheduling function then selects a packet from the head of a queue to transmit out the Egress Port based on some scheduling algorithm (such as SP or WFQ).

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9145ELB Queuing Functionality

Figure 9-1 CoS Functional Model

The 9145ELB has a set of egress queues assigned to each port. Each User Port has a set of four egress queues, labelled from highest to lowest priority as LLQ, Q3, Q2, Q1, respectively.

This will also include port 10G2 if it is configured as a User Port (see the section “Port Config/

Status Screens” on page 59).

The Network Port can have a different set of egress queues, based on whether 10G2 is configured to be Disabled, a Network Port or a User Port:

If 10G2 is Disabled

If 10G2 is set to Network Port *

Network Port 10G1 has 19 egress queues in total: 1 dedicated LLQ for each User Port and 3 additional queues that are shared across all User Ports

Network Port 10G2 has 19 egress queues in total: 1 dedicated LLQ for each User Port and 3 additional queues that are shared across all User Ports.

If 10G2 is set to User Port

Network Port 10G1 has 12 egress queues in total: 1 dedicated LLQ for each User Port and 3 additional queues that are shared across all User Ports.

* Note that if 10G2 is set to Network Port, then 10G1 must be Disabled

Figure 9-2 shows a system-level logical view of the queue assignment.

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Figure 9-2 System View of CoS Functions

There is a single set of configuration attributes for the queues on the user side, even if the queues are independent per port. The same configuration parameters apply to all queue sets across all the User Ports.

On the network side, there is a mix of dedicated and shared queues. Packets received by each of the User Ports may be submitted to a dedicated egress LLQ at the Network Port (i.e., there is a dedicated LLQ instance for each User Port instance). The Network Port will also be equipped with three queues of the lowest priority, which can be shared by packets received on any of the

User Ports.

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CoS Support

9.2 CoS Support

To begin configuring Class of Service, from the Main Menu, select CoS Configuration (9) and press Enter. The Class of Service Configuration screen (Figure 9-3) opens.

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------------------------CLASS OF SERVICE CONFIGURATION--------------------------

1) CoS Support on User Port Enabled

2) CoS Support on Network Port Disabled

3) CoS Queues Configuration

4) CoS Queues Statistics

Select [1-4]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 9-3 Class of Service Configuration screen

9.2.1 Enabling or Disabling CoS Support

To enable or disable CoS support for a port, from the CoS Configuration screen (Figure 9-3), type the number of the port you wish to configure (1 or 2) and press Enter. The setting is highlighted.

Press the Space bar to select Enabled or Disabled and then press Enter.

When CoS is enabled on a given port, frames egressing on that port are subjected to queue processing.

Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Configuration screen.

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9.3 CoS Queues Configuration

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The Class of Service Queues Configuration screen allows you to choose the classification mapping and mode for tagged and untagged packets.

• Tagged packets are mapped by Priority Code Point (PCP) or C-VID (the C-VLAN ID).

Network ports support PCP only.

• Untagged packets use IP Precedence, DSCP, or AF/EF modes.

From the Class of Service Configuration screen (Figure 9-3), type 3 and press Enter. The Class of Service Queue Configuration screen (Figure 9-4) opens.

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------------------------CLASS OF SERVICE QUEUE CONFIGURATION--------------------

1) Tagged Packet Classifier Configuration

2) Untagged Packet Classifier Configuration

3) Queues configuration on User Ports

4) Queues configuration on Network Ports

5) ED Drop Profiles on User Ports

6) ED Drop Profiles on Network Ports

Select [1-6]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 9-4 Class of Service Queue Configuration screen

9.3.1 Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping

Classifier mapping configuration applies to the ingress port. The classification mode of User

Ports indicates how frames that are received on the User Ports are distributed to the egress queues (located on the Network Port) and vice versa.

The Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen allows you to assign a queue to a PCP, or (for

User Ports only) a C-VLAN ID (C-VID) value. The Mapping per CVID is discussed in chapter 10.

To configure queue mapping for tagged packets, from the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen (Figure 9-4), type 1 and press Enter. The Tagged Packet Classifier Configuration screen

(Figure 9-5) opens.

1. To set the classification mode of the User Port, type 1 and press Enter.

2. When you are finished, press Enter. Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Queue

Configuration screen.

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Note that:

• All User Ports share the same PCP to queue classification.

• In C-VID mode, the default queue is the lowest priority queue (Q1).

• Queues for the Network side correspond to the specific ingress User Port, as described in section 10.1.

• PCP and C-VID queue mappings work in the ingress direction. For Network Port queues, configure the User Port mappings.

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------------------- TAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER CONFIGURATION ---------------------

Classification Mode

Network PCP

User EVC Specific

1) Set classifier mapping on User port

2) Set classifier mapping on Network port

Select [1-3]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 9-5 Tagged Packet Classifier screen (with PCP selected)

3. To map a PCP to a queue on the User Port, type 1 and press Enter. The User Port

Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen opens (Figure 9-6).

Use the Space bar to select a queue. Press Enter to confirm the setting. (Only a queue

that is enabled can be selected. To enable or disable a queue, see “Queues

Configuration on Network Ports” on page 101.)

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----------- USER PORT TAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER MAPPING (PCP MODE) --------------

PCP Queue

--- ---

0 Q1

1 Q1

2 Q1

3 Q1

4 Q2

5 Q2

6 Q3

7 Q3

Select PCP or a Range x-y [0-7]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 9-6 User Port Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping (PCP Mode) screen

4. To map a PCP to a queue on the Network Port, type 2 and press Enter. The Network Port

Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (Figure 9-7) opens.

5. To change the queue setting, enter the PCP number and use the Space bar to select a queue. Press Enter to confirm the setting. (Only a queue that is enabled can be selected.

To enable or disable a queue, see “Queues Configuration on Network Ports” on page 101.) Network ports support PCP only.

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--------------- NETWORK PORT TAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER MAPPING ------------------

PCP Queue

--- ---

0 LLQ

1 Q1

2 Q1

3 Q1

4 Q2

5 Q2

6 Q3

7 Q3

Select PCP or a Range x-y [0-7]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 9-7 Network Port Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen

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NOTE: Mapping a queue on the User Port in C-VID mode is configured from the EVC configuration menu. See “Viewing or Modifying the C-VLAN List” on page 118.

9.3.2 Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping

Untagged packet classifier mapping is supported on User Ports only. There are three classification modes for untagged packets: IP Precedence, DSCP, and AFEF.

1. To configure queue mapping for untagged packets, from the Class of Service Queue

Configuration screen (Figure 9-4), type 2 and press Enter. The User Port Untagged

Packet Classifier Configuration screen opens (Figure 9-8).

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-------------------- USER PORT UNTAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER CONFIGURATION --------

1) Classification Mode IP Precedence

2) Default Queue for Unclassified Frames Q1

3) Set classifier mapping

Select [1-3]:

96

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 9-8 User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Configuration screen

2. To select a classification mode for the User side, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select IP Precedence, None, DSCP, or AFEF and press Enter.

3. To assign a default queue for unclassified frames, type 2 and press Enter. Press the

Space bar to select LLQ, Q3, Q2, or Q1 and press Enter. Unclassified frames are all untagged packets that do not have an IPv4 header (such as IPv6, L2CP, IPX). When classification mode is set to None, all untagged frames are sent to this default queue.

Only a queue that is enabled can be selected. To enable or disable a queue, see “Queues

Configuration on Network Ports” on page 101.

4. To set classifier mapping, type 3 and press Enter.

If you selected IP Precedence in step 2, Figure 9-9 opens. See the section “IP

Precedence Mode” on page 97.

If you selected DSCP mode in step 2, Figure 9-10 opens. See the section “Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) Mode” on page 97.

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If you selected AFEF in step 2, Figure 9-11 opens. See the section “Assured Forwarding (AF)/ Expedited Forwarding (EF)” on page 98.

5. Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen.

9.3.2.1 IP Precedence Mode

On the User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (Figure 9-9) for IP Precedence:

1. Type the number of the IP Precedence (or a range of numbers), and press Enter. The

CoSQ setting in the column beside the IP Precedence number is highlighted.

2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the available queues.

3. Select a queue and press Enter. (Only a queue that is enabled can be selected. To

enable or disable a queue, see “Queues Configuration on Network Ports” on page 101.)

4. Press Esc to return to the User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Configuration screen.

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---------------- USER PORT UNTAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER MAPPING ------------------

Mode: IP Precedence Mode

IP Precedence CoSQ

------------- ----

0 Q1

1 Q1

2 Q1

3 Q1

4 Q2

5 Q2

6 Q3

7 Q3

Select IPP or a Range x-y [0-7]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 9-9 User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (IP Precedence mode)

9.3.2.2 Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) Mode

On the User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (Figure 9-10) for DSCP,

1. Type the number of the DSCP (or a range of numbers), and press Enter. The CoS setting for that DSCP number is highlighted.

2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the available queues.

3. Select a queue and press Enter. (Only a queue that is enabled can be selected. To

enable or disable a queue, see “Queues Configuration on Network Ports” on page 101.)

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4. Press Esc to return to the User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Configuration screen.

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---------------- USER PORT UNTAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER MAPPING ------------------

Mode: DSCP Mode

DSCP CoSQ DSCP CoSQ DSCP CoSQ DSCP CoSQ DSCP CoSQ DSCP CoSQ DSCP CoSQ

---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----

0 Q1 10 Q1 20 Q1 30 Q1 40 Q2 50 Q3 60 Q3

1 Q1 11 Q1 21 Q1 31 Q1 41 Q2 51 Q3 61 Q3

2 Q1 12 Q1 22 Q1 32 Q2 42 Q2 52 Q3 62 Q3

3 Q1 13 Q1 23 Q1 33 Q2 43 Q2 53 Q3 63 Q3

4 Q1 14 Q1 24 Q1 34 Q2 44 Q2 54 Q3

5 Q1 15 Q1 25 Q1 35 Q2 45 Q2 55 Q3

6 Q1 16 Q1 26 Q1 36 Q2 46 Q2 56 Q3

7 Q1 17 Q1 27 Q1 37 Q2 47 Q2 57 Q3

8 Q1 18 Q1 28 Q1 38 Q2 48 Q3 58 Q3

9 Q1 19 Q1 29 Q1 39 Q2 49 Q3 59 Q3

Select DSCP or a Range x-y [0-63]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 9-10 User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (DSCP Mode)

9.3.2.3 Assured Forwarding (AF)/ Expedited Forwarding (EF)

On the User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (Figure 9-11) for AFEF:

1. Type the number of the AF code (or a range of numbers), E for Expedited Forwarding, or

D for Default Forwarding, and press Enter. The CoSQ setting, or the first number/value of the range (for example, 3, if 3 - 7) is highlighted.

2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the available queues.

3. Select a queue and press Enter. If a series of codes was chosen, all of those CoSQs will be changed.

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4. Press Esc to return to the User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Configuration screen.

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---------------- USER PORT UNTAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER MAPPING ------------------

Mode: AFEF Mode

Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 Class 4

DSCS CoSQ DSCS CoSQ DSCS CoSQ DSCS CoSQ

---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----

Low Drop Precedence AF11 Q1 AF21 Q1 AF31 Q1 AF41 Q2

Med Drop Precedence AF12 Q1 AF22 Q1 AF32 Q1 AF42 Q2

High Drop Precedence AF13 Q1 AF23 Q1 AF33 Q1 AF43 Q2

Expedited Forwarding CoSQ: Q3

Default CoSQ: Q1

Select AF Code or a Range x-y [11-43], [E]F, [D]efault:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 9-11 User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (AFEF Mode)

9.3.3 Queues Configuration on User Ports

From the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen (Figure 9-4), type 3 and press Enter. The

Edit Queue Configuration on User Ports screen (Figure 9-12) opens.

Type the number of the attribute you wish to configure and press Enter. Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen.

The same set of configuration attributes applies to every User Port.

1. Enable/Disable a Queue Each User Port has four queues: LLQ, Q3, Q2, Q1. This function allows you to enable only those queues you wish to use. Type the number of the queue you wish to enable or disable. Press the Space bar to select Enabled or Disabled and then press Enter.

NOTE:The LLQ cannot be disabled and the LLQ size cannot be set to zero (0).

2. Queue Size (in 8K-Byte) The queue size can be any value from 0KB to 8MB (from 8KB to 8MB for LLQ). To change the queue size, type 2 for LLQ, 4 for Queue 3, 10 for Queue

2, or 16 for Queue 1. Type the new setting and press Enter.

Queues require a size parameter range between 0 and 250 (between 1 and 250 for LLQ).

If you enter an invalid size parameter, the message INVALID INPUT will appear at the bottom of the screen.

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3. Scheduling Scheme The 9145ELB supports two scheduling modes: Strict Priority (SP) and Weighted Fair Queuing (WFQ). All queues can be set to service packets using one of the scheduling mode mentioned above to the exception to the LLQ. The LLQ is always set by default to SP. To change the schedule scheme, type 5 for Queue 3, 11 for Queue 2, or 17 for Queue 1. Press the Space bar to select Strict Priority or Weighted Fair and then press Enter.

4. Weight Parameters Queue 3, Queue 2 and Queue 1 require a Weight parameter range between 0 and 1000. If WFQ is set as the scheduling method, a weight must be assigned to each queue. The weight is proportional to the bandwidth that queue will receive. The weight value can be of any range between 0-1000.

To change the queue weight, type 6 for Queue 3, 12 for Queue 2, or 18 for Queue 1. Type the new setting and then press Enter.

NOTE: If you enter an invalid weight parameter, INVALID INPUT will appear at the bottom of the screen.

5. Enable/Disable ED Drop Profile Note that this option is Disabled in this release.

6. Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen.

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------------------------EDIT QUEUE CONFIGURATION ON USER PORTS------------------

1) LLQ: Enabled

2) Size (in 8K-byte): 8

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

3) Queue 3: Enabled 6) Weight: 256

4) Size (in 8K-byte): 8 7) ED Drop Profile 3A: Disabled

5) Scheduling: Weighted Fair Q 8) ED Drop Profile 3B: Disabled

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

9) Queue 2: Enabled 12) Weight: 128

10) Size (in 8K-byte): 8 13) ED Drop Profile 2A: Disabled

11) Scheduling: Weighted Fair Q 14) ED Drop Profile 2B: Disabled

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

15) Queue 1: Enabled 18) Weight: 64

16) Size (in 8K-byte): 8 19) ED Drop Profile 1A: Disabled

17) Scheduling: Weighted Fair Q 20) ED Drop Profile 1B: Disabled

Select [1-20]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 9-12 Edit Queue Configuration User Ports screen

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9.3.4 Queues Configuration on Network Ports

The same queue configuration is used for all sets of four egress queues.

From the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen (Figure 9-4), type 4 and press Enter. The

Edit Queue Configuration on Network Ports screen (Figure 9-13) opens.

1. Enable/Disable a Queue This function allows you to enable only those queues you wish to use. Type the number of the queue you wish to enable or disable. Press the Space bar to select Enabled or Disabled and then press Enter.

NOTE:The LLQ cannot be disabled and the LLQ size cannot be set to zero (0).

2. Queue Size (in 8K-Byte) The queue size can be any value from 0KB to 8MB (from 8KB to 8MB for LLQ). To change the queue size, type 2 for LLQ, 5 for Queue 3, 12 for Queue

2, or 19 for Queue 1. Type the new setting and press Enter.

Queues require a size parameter range between 0 and 250 (between 1 and 250 for LLQ).

If you enter an invalid size parameter, the message INVALID INPUT will appear at the bottom of the screen.

3. Yellow packet threshold is expressed as a percentage. The actual queue size for yellow packets is calculated based on the percentage value and the queue size. If drop profile is enabled, the yellow packet threshold is not applicable. If the threshold is changed, the

CBS*/EBS* values will be updated accordingly. See section 11.3 for definition of these parameters.

4. Scheduling The 9145ELB supports two scheduling modes: Strict Priority (SP) and

Weighted Fair Queuing (WFQ). All queues can be set to service packets using one of the scheduling mode mentioned above with the exception of the LLQ. The LLQ is always set by default to SP.

To change the schedule scheme, type 6 for Queue 3, 13 for Queue 2, or 20 for Queue 1.

Press the Space bar to select Strict Priority or Weighted Fair and then press Enter. If shaping is enabled on a particular queue, the scheduling mode must be configured to strict priority

NOTE: The scheduling algorithm is applied to each set of four queues associated with each

User Port. This means that, for example, Q1 associated with User 1 and Q1 associated with

User 2 will have the same priority. In this case, the queues are serviced in a round robin fashion.

5. Weight Queue 3, Queue 2 and Queue 1 require a weight parameter range between 0 and 1000. If WFQ is set as the scheduling method, a weigh need to be assigned to each queue. The weight is proportional to how much bandwidth that queue will receive. The weight value can be of any range between 0-1000.

To change the queue weight, type 8 for Queue 3, 15 for Queue 2, or 22 for Queue 1. Type the new setting and press Enter.

NOTE: If you enter an invalid weight parameter, the message INVALID INPUT will appear at the bottom of the screen.

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6. Enable/Disable (ED) Drop Profile Note that this option is Disabled in this release.

NOTE: Drop profiles and shapers are mutually exclusive. If shaping is enabled, you cannot enable drop profiles, and vice versa.

7. Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen.

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--------------------------EDIT QUEUE CONFIGURATION ON NETWORK PORTS-------------

1) LLQ: Enabled

2) Size (CBS* in 8K-byte): 8

3) Yellow Packets Thr. (%): 50 CBS*/EBS*: 64K/32K

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

4) Queue 3: Enabled 8) Weight: 256

5) Size (CBS* in 8K-byte): 8 9) ED Drop Profile 3A: Disabled

6) Scheduling: Weighted Fair Q 10) ED Drop Profile 3B: Disabled

7) Yellow Packets Thr. (%): 70 CBS*/EBS*: 64K/49K

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

11) Queue 2: Enabled 15) Weight: 128

12) Size (CBS* in 8K-byte): 8 16) ED Drop Profile 2A: Disabled

13) Scheduling: Weighted Fair Q 17) ED Drop Profile 2B: Disabled

14) Yellow Packets Thr. (%): 30 CBS*/EBS*: 64K/19K

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

18) Queue 1: Enabled 22) Weight: 64

19) Size (CBS* in 8K-byte): 8 23) ED Drop Profile 1A: Disabled

20) Scheduling: Weighted Fair Q 24) ED Drop Profile 1B: Disabled

21) Yellow Packets Thr. (%): 100 CBS*/EBS*: 64K/64K

Select [1-24]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 9-13 Edit Queue Configuration Network Ports screen

9.3.5 ED Drop Profiles on User Ports

ED Drop Profiles are not implemented in this release.

9.3.6 ED Drop Profiles on Network Ports

ED Drop Profiles are not implemented in this release.

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The Queue Statistics screen display will depend on your queue policy. 5. shows queue statistics

for a drop profile based queue. Figure 9-14 shows statistics for a shaping based queue.

NOTE: Drop profiling is disabled in this release.

From the Class of Service Configuration screen (Figure 9-3), type 4 and press Enter. The Queue

Statistics screen (5.) opens.

1. Press CTRL-T to view raw counters.

2. Press CTRL-R to clear the current counters.

3. Press CTRL-S to change the path. For Network Ports, the statistics are presented in groups of four, corresponding to each ingress User Port.

4. To go to a particular port, type 1 or 2 and press Enter. You are prompted to enter a port number in the form: U1-16, 10G1, or 10G2.

5. Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen.

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-------------------------------QUEUE STATISTICS (CURRENT)----------------------

Path : USR15>NET Q1-3: Shared

___LLQ / Q2____ ___Q3 / Q1____

Packets Classified: LLQ:181345783458482347534 Q3:133494384334343445

Q2: 347823478 Q1:3456234562

Queued Green Packets: 0 0

0 0

Queued Yellow Packets: 0 0

0 0

Dropped Green Packets: 0 0

0 0

Dropped Yellow Packets:0 0

0 0

Press [(CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters, (CTRL-S) Switch Path,

<1>NET>Goto,<2>Goto>NET], ESC to return to previous screen:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 9-14 Queue Statistics (Current) screen

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EVC Functionality

Chapter 10

Configuring EVC

10.0 Introduction

The 9145ELB supports VLAN multiplexing of C-VLANs into S-VLANs. This feature allows customer frames to be multiplexed into S-VLANs through the use of a C-VLAN/S-VLAN Map.

Each C-VLAN/S-VLAN map corresponds to an Ethernet Virtual Connection (EVC).

The C-VLAN/S-VLAN Map provides a means for ingress service frames at the User Ports to be uniquely assigned to S-VLAN and forwarded out the Network Ports. Similarly, ingress service frames at the Network Ports are forwarded to a unique User Port based on the S-Tag of the frame. Optionally, a “tunnel tag” (T-Tag) may be added to the frames egressing on the Network

Port, between the S-Tag and the C-Tag. This tag can be used for tunnel topologies inside the

Service Provider's network.

10.1 EVC Functionality

This section briefly describes EVC functionality and the entities required for its configuration.

10.1.1 EVC Records

The EVC record is the entity that models the transport functionality of the system. There are a maximum of 4094 EVC records in the system.

An EVC record links a User Port and a set of C-VLANs on that particular port, with a unique S-

VLAN on the network side. The record is uniquely identified in the system by the S-VLAN ID.

Service Multiplexing records and All-to-One Bundling records differ in the following ways.

• Service Multiplexing allows frames belonging to selected C-VLANs to be multiplexed in a single S-VLAN on the network side. More than one service multiplexing record can be configured on the same User Port.

• An All-to-One Bundling multiplexing record indicates that all frames received on the specified User Port, if they are C-VLAN tagged or untagged, are multiplexed in a single S-

VLAN tag.

The following restrictions are enforced for the consistency of EVC records:

• If a User Port has All-to-One Bundling configured on it, no other EVC records can be configured on that port. Similarly, if a Service Multiplexing record exists on a User Port, no Allto-One record can be configured on that particular port.

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• An EVC record can contain only C-VLANs from a single User Port. EVC records do not span across User Ports.

• A C-VLAN can belong to only one EVC record per port.

• The S-VLAN of the EVC record is unique across the system.

A VLAN multiplexing record is operationally up if:

• The corresponding User Port is operationally up. A User Port is operationally up if both transmit and receive functions of the port are operationally up, and

• The corresponding Network Port is operationally up, and

• The VLAN multiplexing record contains at least one C-VLAN (if Service Multiplexing type), and

• The VLAN multiplexing record is administratively up.

Frames received on an operationally down VLAN multiplexing record are dropped, and counted per port.

10.1.2 User-to-Network Functionality

On the User Ports, the system accepts all Ethernet framing formats supported by 802.1ad-2005 standard. Frames are classified as:

• Priority tagged frames (Ethertype 0x8100, VID 0)

• C-Tagged frames (Ethertype 0x8100, VID != 0)

• Untagged frames that are neither priority tagged nor C-Tagged. Hence S-tagged frames and all other types of tagging are treated as untagged frames on the User side port.

Based on the frame tagging and EVC records configured on the ingress port, the frame is forwarded to the Network Port, tagged with a specific S-Tag as an outer tag.

If there is no corresponding EVC record for the ingress C-Tag, the frame is dropped.

10.1.3 Network-to-User Functionality

On the Network Port, the system accepts S-Tagged frames, namely frames tagged with

Ethertype 0x88a8 and a non-zero VID. Untagged frames are accepted, for example, PDUs for a low-level untagged MEP, or control protocol frames.

If there is an EVC record corresponding to the ingress S-Tag, the frame is forwarded to the User

Port indicated by the record, and stripped of the S-Tag. If no EVC record is found, the frame is dropped. If the EVC record has the tunnel tagging option enabled, the T-Tag value received in the frame is compared to the configured value in the EVC record. If it is not a match, the frame is dropped.

10.1.4 Statistics

An EVC record keeps statistics, as follows:

For an All-to-One Bundling EVC record, the following counters are kept:

• Number of transmitted frames and bytes at the User Port

• Number of received frames and bytes at User Port

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• Number of transmitted frames and bytes on the Network Port

• Number of received frames and bytes on the Network Port

For a Service Multiplexing EVC record, the user can select between S-VLAN level statistics records, and C-VLAN level statistics records.

For S-VLAN level statistics, the following counters are kept:

• Number of transmitted frames and bytes on the Network Port

• Number of received frames and bytes on the Network Port

• Total number of transmitted frames and bytes at the User Port

• Total number of received frames and bytes at the User Port

For C-VLAN level statistics, the following records are kept:

• Number of transmitted frames and bytes on the Network Port

• Number of received frames and bytes on the Network Port

• Total number of transmitted frames and bytes at User Port

• Total number of received frames and bytes at User Port

• Per C-VLAN number of transmitted frames and bytes at User Port

• Per C-VLAN number of received frames and bytes at User Port

The number of statistics records per system is limited to 128. An EVC record that has statistics enabled at C-VLAN level uses one statistic record for each C-VLAN in the Service Multiplexing record.

10.1.5 Screen Navigation

EVC is configured using the menus described in this chapter. The menu hierarchy is illustrated in

Figure 10-1.

To select an item on a screen, type the number of the item and press Enter. The setting will be highlighted. To toggle between values within that item, press the Space bar.

If there is more than one page, the screen will offer the option of using (F)irst, (P)rev, (N)ext, and

(L)ast to navigate. Press Esc to return to a previous screen.

All screens that show existing objects are refreshed automatically every 5 seconds; items that are being modified are not refreshed.

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EVC Configuration

Menu

System TPID

Configuration

EVC Record List

Create/Delete EVC

Record

Modify EVC Record

EVC C-VLAN List

CoS to Queue

Mapping

CVID to PCP

Mapping

C-VLAN Translation

P-bit Translation

EVC, CoS level

Policing

View EVC Statistics

Figure 10-1 EVC menu hierarchy

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10.2 EVC Configuration

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NOTE: EVC Configuration Records options replace the VLAN multiplexing configuration of previous versions of the 9145.

Use the following steps to navigate to the EVC configuration records. The Record List is the main entry point to EVC configuration and Statistics monitoring. It displays all EVC records in the system. Each EVC record is uniquely identified by the S-VLAN ID.

1. On the Main Menu (Figure 2-3), type 10 and press Enter. The EVC Configuration screen

(Figure 10-2) opens.

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--------------------------------- EVC CONFIGURATION ----------------------------

1) EVC Configuration Records

2) System TPID Configuration

Select [1-2]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-2 EVC Configuration screen

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10.2.1 Create an EVC Record

1. On the EVC Configuration screen (Figure 10-2), type 1 and press Enter. The EVC

Record List screen (Figure 10-3) opens.

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-------------------------------EVC RECORD LIST---------------Items 1 - 5 of 5-

S-VLAN USER MUX NAME STATS OPERATIONAL

ID PORT TYPE STATE

XXXX/XXXX USR12 Service Mux 12345678901234567890123456789012 Disabled DOWN

C-VLANs (5): UTag, PTag, 20, 21, 22

30 USR1 All-to-One EVC 30 Disabled DOWN

C-VLANs (All)

40 10G2 Service Mux EVC 40 Disabled DOWN

C-VLANs (1): 40

1000 USR2 Service Mux EVC 100 Disabled DOWN

C-VLANs (20): 1000, 1001, 1002, 1003, 1004, 1005, 1006, 1007, 1008...

2000 USR2 Service Mux EVC 200 Disabled DOWN

C-VLANs (20): 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008...

Select [(F)irst, (P)rev, (N)ext, (L)ast, (A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit,

(S)Traffic Statistics, (O) Policing Statistics,<R>eset All EVC Statistics]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-3 EVC Record List screen

2. To create a new record, type A and press Enter. The Create A New EVC Configuration

Record (Figure 10-4) screen opens.

3. In the S-VLAN field, type an ID number and press Enter. The User Interface field is highlighted.

4. In the User Interface field, press the Space bar to select a User Port and press Enter. The

Name field is highlighted.

5. In the Name field, type name for the record and press Enter. The Multiplexing Type field is highlighted.

6. In the Multiplexing Type field, press the Space bar to select Service Multiplexing or All-to-

One and press Enter. The Administrative State field is highlighted.

7. In the Administrative State field, press the Space bar to select Up or Down. and press

Enter. The Statistics field is highlighted.

8. In the Statistics field, press the Space bar to select Disabled, S-VLAN, or C-VLAN and press Enter. The S-Tag PCP Value field is highlighted.

9. In the S-Tag PCP Value field, press the Space bar to select Static, Copy from Ingress, or

Map from CVID, and press Enter.

10. In the Static/Default PCP Value field, specify a P-bits value between 0-7, and press Enter.

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11. In the Tunnel VLAN field, press the Space bar to enable or disable Tunnel VLAN, and press Enter.

12. In the Tunnel VLAN ID field, type an ID number between 1-4094, and press Enter. If the

Tunnel VLAN is disabled, this attribute is 0.

13. In the Tunnel Tag PCP Value field, press the Space bar to select Static, Copy from

Ingress, or Map from CVID, and press Enter.

14. To accept the new EVC record settings, type A and press Enter. The Modify EVC

Configuration Record screen (Figure 10-5) opens.

15. To modify an attribute value, type the number of the attribute and press Enter, or press

Esc to return to the EVC Record List screen.

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--------------------CREATE A NEW EVC CONFIGURATION RECORD-----------------------

1) S-VLAN ID: 10

2) User Interface: USR10

3) Name: Textual name for the service

4) Multiplexing type: Service Mux/All-to-One

5) Administrative state: Up

6) Statistics:Disabled

7) S-Tag PCP Value: Map from CVID 8) Static/Default PCP Value: 7

9) Tunnel VLAN: Enable/Disable

10) Tunnel VLAN ID: 1

11) Tunnel Tag PCP Value: Copy from Ingress 12) Static/Default PCP Value: 7

13) Cos Classification Mode: PCP

Select [1-13] for attributes, (A) to accept:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-4 Create a New EVC Configuration Record screen

10.2.2 Delete an EVC Record

1. On the EVC Record List screen (Figure 10-3), type D and press Enter. The current EVC

Record is highlighted.

2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the list and highlight the record you wish to delete.

3. Press Enter to delete the highlighted record. You are prompted to confirm the deletion.

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10.2.3 Modify an EVC record

1. On the EVC Record List screen (Figure 10-3), type E and press Enter. The current record

is highlighted.

2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the list and highlight the record to modify. When the record you want to modify is highlighted, press Enter. The Modify EVC Configuration

Record screen (Figure 10-5 or Figure 10-6, depending on your configuration) opens.

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-----------------------MODIFY EVC CONFIGURATION RECORD--------------------------

SS-VLAN ID: 1 (88A8) TTag: Disabled 0 (8100)

User Interface: USR1

Network Interface: NET1

Name: u1

Multiplexing type: Service Mux

Operational state: DOWN

1) Administrative state: UP

2) Statistics: Disabled

3) S-Tag PCP Value: Copy from ingress 4) Static/Default PCP Value: 1

5) T-Tag PCP Value: Copy from ingress 6) Static/Default PCP Value: 0

7) CoS Classification Mode: PCP 8) CoS to Queue Mapping

9) Assign Policer Profile

10) CVID to S-Tag PCP Mapping 11) CVID to T-Tag PCP Mapping

12) P-Bit Translation 13) C-VLAN Translation

14) View/modify C-VLAN List

(# of VLANs: 0)

Select [1-14] for attributes:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-5 Modify EVC Configuration Record screen (Service MUX)

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-----------------------MODIFY EVC CONFIGURATION RECORD--------------------------

S-VLAN ID: 2 (88A8) TTag: Disabled 0 (8100)

User Interface: USR2

Network Interface: NET1

Name: dfgdfg

Multiplexing type: All-to-One

Operational state: DOWN

1) Administrative state: UP

2) Statistics: S-VLAN

3) S-Tag PCP Value: Copy from ingress 4) Static/Default PCP Value: 1

5) T-Tag PCP Value: Copy from ingress 6) Static/Default PCP Value: 0

7) CoS Classification Mode: PCP 8) CoS to Queue Mapping

9) Assign Policer Profile

10) CVID to S-Tag PCP Mapping 11) CVID to T-Tag PCP Mapping

12) P-Bit Translation

Select [1-12] for attributes:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-6 Modify EVC Configuration screen (All-to-One)

3. To change the Administrative State, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select

Up or Down, and press Enter.

4. To change the statistics display, type 2 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select S-

VLAN, C-VLAN, or Disabled, and press Enter.

If you set the statistics mode for a service multiplexing record to C-VLAN then you can

see the service multiplexing statistics detailed at C-VLAN level (as in Figure 10-16).

To change the S-Tag PCP Value, type 3 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select

Map from CVID, Static or Copy from Ingress, and press Enter.

5. To change the Static/Default PCP value for the S-Tag, type 4 and press Enter.

6. To change the T-Tag PCP value, type 5 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select

Map from CVID, Static or Copy from Ingress, and press Enter.

7. To change the Static/Default PCP value for the T-Tag, type 6 and press Enter.

8. To change the CoS classification mode, type 7 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to make a selection.

9. To modify CoS to Queue mapping, type 8 and press Enter. For steps, see “Viewing or

Modifying the C-VLAN List” on page 118.

10. To modify the assigned policer profile, or allocate new policers to EVC or EVC/COS, type

9 and press Enter. The VLAN/COS Policing screen (Figure 10-7) opens. Note that if the

EVC belongs to a User Port for which policing is enable at the port level, this screen is read only and displays the port-level policer information.

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• To set a policing level, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select

None, EVC or PCP, and press Enter.

• To assign a policer ID, type a number between 1 and 4096, and press Enter.

• To assign a bandwidth profile, type 3 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select a profile and press Enter.

• Press Esc to return to the Modify EVC Configuration Record screen.

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----------------------------- VLAN/COS POLICING --------------------------------

S-VLAN ID: 1001

(# of C-VLAN 4096):

1) Policing Level: None

2) Policer Id: N/A

3) Bandwidth profile: N/A

Specific PCP Policers:

PCP Policer Bandwidth Profile

4) 0 Not Policed N/A

5) 0 Not Policed N/A

6) 0 Not Policed N/A

7) 0 Not Policed N/A

8) 0 Not Policed N/A

9) 0 Not Policed N/A

10) 0 Not Policed N/A

11) 0 Not Policed N/A

Select [1-11]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-7 VLAN/COS Policing screen

11. To view or modify C-VLAN translation, type 13 and press Enter. The C-VLAN ID

Translation Table screen (Figure 10-8) opens.

NOTE: This screen is not accessible for All-to-One bundles or if T-Tagging is enabled for any

EVC. By default, each C-VLAN is mapped to itself (that is, there is no translation) and such default translation is not displayed. If T-Tag is enabled for an EVC, all the C-VID translation configuration will be reset to default.

• To add a C-VLAN, C-VLAN ID Translation Table screen, type 1 and press Enter.

You are prompted to type a number from 1-4094, and press Enter. Enter the ingress C-VLAN ID that you wish to be subject to the C-VLAN ID translation, followed by the corresponding translated C-VLAN ID. Because the translated C-

VLAN IDs are used for the service multiplexing, they have to be included in the

EVC C-VLAN ID list, otherwise the request will be rejected. The ingress C-VLAN

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ID are the values of the VLAN ID in the frames received on the User Ports. Do not attempt to translate ingress C-VLAN IDs that are in the EVC C-VLAN ID list, as an error will be generated. The EVC C-VLAN IDs are the egress (network side) C-

VLAN IDs.

• To delete a C-VLAN translation record, type 1 and press Enter. You are prompted to type the ingress C-VLAN ID that you wish to remove from the C-VLAN translation table. To delete a record from the table, simply translate the VLAN ID to itself by entering the same VLAN ID in the “New VLAN ID” field.

• Press Esc to return to the Modify EVC Configuration Record screen.

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--------------------C-VLAN ID TRANSLATION TABLE --------Page 1 of 2 ----------

S-VLAN ID: 100 Port: USR12

User 12 <=> Network User 12 <=> Network User 12 <=> Network User 12 <=> Network

------------------ ------------------ ------------------ ------------------

20 <=> 20

21 <=> 21

22 <=> 22

23 <=> 223

24 <=> 224

25 <=> 225

1) Add/Delete/Modify C-VLAN Translation

2) Check if C-VLAN in Translation Table

CTRL-D: page down, CTRL-U: page up, CTRL-T: Toggle View from User/Network

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-8 C-VLAN ID Translation Table screen

12. To view or modify CVID to S-Tag PCP Mapping, type 10 and press Enter. The C-VLAN to

S-Tag PCP Map screen (Figure 10-9) opens. By default, all CVLAN IDs in the EVC record

map to the best effort PCP (0).

• To modify the mapping, type M and press Enter. You are prompted to enter a C-

VLAN ID in the range 1 -4094, or (U)ntagged, or (P)riority tagged. For each

CVLAN ID, enter the desired value of the S-Tag PCP.

• You can search for specific C-VLAN by ID number. See the Find instructions at the bottom of your screen. Once a VLAN is selected, only the mapping corresponding to this VLAN is displayed.

• Press Esc to return to the Modify EVC Configuration Record screen.

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--------------------------CVLAN to S-Tag PCP MAP--------------------------------

SVLAN ID : 100 Port : USR12

CVIDs Ingress to User Port 12 S-Tag PCP

UTag, PTag, 100, 101, 102, 103 --> 0

200, 201, 202 --> 1

300, 301, 302 --> 2

400, 401, 402 --> 3

500, 501, 502 --> 4

600, 601, 602 --> 5

700, 701, 702 --> 6

800, 801, 802 --> 7

Select [1 - Modify assignments]:

CTRL-D: page down, CTRL-U: page up, (G)oto

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-9 C-VLAN to S-Tag PCP Map screen

13. To specify CVID PCP translation rules for C-TAG PCPs, type 12 and press Enter. The P-

Bit translation screen (Figure 10-10) opens.

• Type the number of the incoming P-Bit and press Enter, or CTRL-T to switch direction.

• Press Esc to return to the Modify EVC Configuration Record screen 2.

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---------------------------P-BIT TRANSLATION TABLE-----------------------------

S-VLAN ID: 100 Port: USER12

Ingress Port: User 13 User 14 User 15 User 16

Egress Port: Network Network Network Network

------- ------- ------- -------

1) Incoming P-Bit 0 translated to 0 0 0 0

2) Incoming P-Bit 1 translated to 1 1 1 1

3) Incoming P-Bit 2 translated to 2 2 2 2

4) Incoming P-Bit 3 translated to 3 3 3 3

5) Incoming P-Bit 4 translated to 4 4 4 4

6) Incoming P-Bit 5 translated to 5 5 5 5

7) Incoming P-Bit 6 translated to 6 6 6 6

8) Incoming P-Bit 7 translated to 7 7 7 7

9) P-Bit Translation Enabled? No

Select [1-9] or CTRL-T to switch direction:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-10 P-Bit Translation Table screen

14. To modify CVID to T-Tag PCP Mapping, type 11 and press Enter. The C-VLAN to T-Tag

PCP Map screen (Figure 10-11) opens.

NOTE: This screen is available only if T-Tag PCP mapping is set to C-VLAN. By default, any

VLAN in the EVC is assigned to PCP 0. If the T-Tag PCP mapping mode is changed, the configuration record will be reset to default values.

• To modify the mapping, type M and press Enter. You are prompted to enter a C-

VLAN ID.

• You can search for specific C-VLAN by ID number. See the Find instructions at the bottom of your screen.

• Press Esc to return to the Modify EVC Configuration Record screen.

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---------------------------C-VLAN to T-Tag PCP MAP------------------------------

SVLAN ID : 100 Port : USR12

CVIDs Ingress to User Port 12 TTag PCP

100, 101, 102, 103,

120, 121, 122, 121 --> 0

123, 124, 126, 182

200, 201, 202 --> 1

300, 301, 302 --> 2

400, 401, 402 --> 3

500, 501, 502 --> 4

600, 601, 602 --> 5

700, 701, 702 --> 6

800, 801, 802 --> 7

Select [1 - Modify assignments]:

CTRL-D: page down, CTRL-U: page up, (G)oto

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-11 C-VLAN to T-Tag PCP Map screen

15. Press Esc to return to the EVC Record List screen.

10.2.3.1 Viewing or Modifying the C-VLAN List

NOTE: This selection is only available for Service MUX.

1. On the Modify EVC Configuration Record screen (Figure 10-5), type 14 and press Enter.

The EVC Record C-VLAN List screen (Figure 10-12) opens. This screen specifies which

packets will be treated as members of the EVC.

2. To add or delete C-VLAN IDs, type an ID or range of IDs and press Enter.

3. To add or delete Untagged and Priority Tagged frames, type U for untagged or P for

Priority tagged and press Enter.

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---------------------------EVC RECORD C-VLAN LIST---------Items 1 - 101 of 101-

S-VLAN ID: 3 User Interface: USR3 Number of C-VLANs: 101

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70

71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80

81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

UTag

Enter C-VLAN ID x or a Range x-y [1-4094],

(U)ntagged, (P)riority tagged:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-12 EVC Record C-VLAN List screen

10.2.3.2 Mapping a Queue on the User Port in C-VID

C-VID based classification must be enabled for the User Ports, using the Class of Service queue configuration menu (Figure 9-4), for this functionality to work. Otherwise, the screen will not be available.

If you selected C-VID for the User Port, you can use the User Port Tagged Packet Classifier

Mapping screen (C-VID Mode) (Figure 10-13) to select a port, change the queue assignment,

and view the queue assignment of a particular C-VLAN or range of C-VLANs. The screen displays the first 40 C-VID queue assignments. To view more, use step 3, below.

1. To change User Port, on the User Port Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (C-VID

Mode), type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select a User Port, and then press Enter.

2. To change the queue assignment, type 2 and press Enter.

• Enter a C-VLAN ID (C-VID) or a range of IDs from 1-4094 and press Enter.

• Enter the queue ID (1-3) for Q1-Q3 or 4 for LLQ. and press Enter. The queue assignment changes to the new value. (Only a queue that is enabled can be selected. To enable or disable a queue, see “Queues Configuration on Network

Ports” on page 101.)

3. To view the queue assignment of a particular C-VID (other than the first 40 already shown on your screen), type 3 and press Enter.

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• Enter a C-VLAN ID (C-VID) and press Enter. The screen displays a page of 40 C-

VIDs, including the C-VID you selected.

4. To return to the Tagged Packet Classifier Configuration screen, press Esc.

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----------- USER PORT TAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER MAPPING (C-VID MODE) ------------

1) Port: USR1 Page 1 of 103 Total 4094 entries

C-VID <=> Queue C-VID <=> Queue C-VID <=> Queue C-VID <=> Queue

--------------- --------------- --------------- ---------------

(PTAG)<=> Q2

1 <=> Q3 11 <=> Q3 21 <=> Q3 31 <=> Q3

2 <=> Q3 12 <=> Q3 22 <=> Q3 32 <=> Q3

3 <=> Q3 13 <=> Q3 23 <=> Q3 33 <=> Q3

4 <=> Q3 14 <=> Q3 24 <=> Q3 34 <=> Q3

5 <=> Q3 15 <=> Q3 25 <=> Q3 35 <=> Q3

6 <=> Q3 16 <=> Q3 26 <=> Q3 36 <=> Q3

7 <=> Q3 17 <=> Q3 27 <=> Q3 37 <=> Q3

8 <=> Q3 18 <=> Q3 28 <=> Q3 38 <=> Q3

9 <=> Q3 19 <=> Q3 29 <=> Q3 39 <=> Q3

10 <=> Q3 20 <=> Q3 30 <=> Q3 40 <=> Q3

2) Modify assignment

3) Go to C-VID

Select [1-3]:

CTRL-D: page down, CTRL-U: page up

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-13 User Port Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping (C-VID Mode) screen

10.2.4 Display EVC Statistics

EVC statistics can be displayed in both raw and current mode. Press CTRL-T to toggle between the two modes.

1. On the EVC Record List screen (Figure 10-2), type S and press Enter. The current EVC

Record is highlighted.

2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the list and highlight the record for which you want to display statistics.

3. Press Enter to select a highlighted record. The EVC Record Statistics (Current) screen

(Figure 10-14) opens.

4. To view raw statistics (Figure 10-15), press CTRL-T.

5. To reset all counters, type R and press Enter.

6. Press Esc to return to the EVC Record List screen.

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----------------------EVC RECORD STATISTICS (CURRENT)--------------------------

S-VLAN ID: 10

User Interface: USR1

Network Interface: NET1

Multiplexing type: Service Mux

C-VLAN level statistics: Disabled

Rx Frames at user port 0 Rx Frames at network port 0

Tx Frames at user port 0 Tx Frames at network port 0

Rx Bytes at user port 0 Rx Bytes at network port 0

Tx Bytes at user port 0 Tx Bytes at network port 0

Select [CTRL-T - current/raw, (R)eset counters, ESC to return]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-14 EVC Record Statistics (Current) screen

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--------------------------EVC RECORD STATISTICS (RAW)---------------------------

S-VLAN ID: 20

User Interface: USR12

Network Interface: LAG1

Multiplexing type: All-to-One

Rx Frames at User Port: 1010 Rx Frames at Network Port: 820

Tx Frames at User Port: 820 Tx Frames at Network Port: 1010

Rx Bytes at User Port: 1010 Rx Bytes at Network Port: 820

Tx Bytes at User Port: 820 Tx Bytes at Network Port: 1010

Select [CTRL-T to view current counters (R)eset counters, ESC to return]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-15 EVC Record Statistics (Raw) screen

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--------------EVC RECORD C-VLAN STATISTICS (CURRENT) Display 1 - 3 of 3--------

S-VLAN ID: 1

User Interface: USR1

Network Interface: NET1

Multiplexing type: Service Mux

CVlan Tx Bytes Rx Bytes Tx Frames Rx Frames

88 0 0 0 0

99 0 0 0 0

UTag 0 0 0 0

Select [(F)irst, (P)rev, (N)ext, (L)ast] to change pages,

CTRL-T current/raw, ESC to return:

-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-16 C-VLAN Level Statistics screen

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10.2.5 S-TPID/T-TPID Configuration

S-TPID and T-TPID are configured at the system level. The allowed values are 88A8 and 8100.

1. On the EVC Configuration screen, type 2 and press Enter. The S-TPID/T-TPID

Configuration screen (Figure 10-17) opens.

2. To edit the S-Tag TPID, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select 88A8 or

8100, and press Enter.

3. To edit the T-Tag TPID, type 2 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select 88A8 or

8100, and press Enter.

4. Type A to accept your changes.

5. Press Enter to return to the S-TPID/T-TPID Configuration screen.

6. Press Esc to return to the EVC Configuration screen.

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-------------------------S-TPID/T-TPID CONFIGURATION---------------------------

1) S-Tag TPID: 88A8

2) T-Tag TPID: 8100

Select [1-2]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 10-17 S-TPID/T-TPID Configuration screen

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9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual Bandwidth Profiles

Bandwidth Profiles

Chapter 11

Bandwidth Profiles

This chapter describes the Ethernet Traffic engineering features available in this release of the

9145ELB.

11.1 Bandwidth Profiles

Bandwidth Profiling is based on the two-rate three-color marking scheme found in MEF 10.2.

This algorithm defines six parameters: CIR, CBS, EIR, EBS, CF and CM. Each frame is associated with a single ingress and/or a single egress Bandwidth Profile (BWP). The algorithm determines the level of a frame's compliance to the BWP by marking it Green, Yellow or Red.

A bandwidth profile is a passive entity that characterizes a certain traffic flow. The entity is passive because, by itself, a bandwidth profile does not affect the traffic in any way; it must be attached to a policer or a shaper in order to produce effects on the traffic.

A bandwidth profile record contains:

• A unique numerical identifier, between 1 and 4096; the profile is associated with a shaper or policer using this numerical identifier.

• A name, for your reference.

• A bandwidth profile type, either a policing profile or a shaping profile.

• Committed Information parameters:

• Committed Information Rate (CIR) is expressed in kilobits (Kbits) per second. It defines the average rate in Kbits of service frames up to which the network delivers and meets the performance objectives defined by the CoS Service Attribute.

CIR must be greater than or equal to 0. When CIR equals 0, it indicates a “best effort” profile.

• Committed Burst Size (CBS) is expressed in kilobytes (Kbytes). CBS limits the maximum number of Kbytes available for burst frames sent at the line speed to remain CIR-conformant. This represents the maximum number of tokens in the

CIR token bucket.

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• Excess Information Parameters:

• Excess Information Rate (EIR) is expressed in Kbits per second. It defines the average rate in Kbits of service frames up to which the network may deliver service frames, but without any performance objectives. EIR must be greater than or equal to 0.

• Excess Burst Size (EBS) is expressed in Kbytes. It limits the maximum number of

Kbytes available for a burst of Service Frames sent at the line speed to conform to

EIR. This represents the maximum amount of tokens in the EIR token bucket.

• A Coupling Flag (CF), which allows the choice between two modes of operation of the rate enforcement algorithm. It determines whether excess tokens from the CIR bucket can be put into the EIR bucket. It must have only one of two possible values, 0 or 1. For the 9145ELB, the value of the coupling flag is 0.

• The Color Mode parameter, which indicates whether the color-aware or color-blind property is employed by the Bandwidth Profile. It takes a value of color-blind or color-aware only. In the case of the 9145ELB, this value is color-blind for the policers and color-aware for the shapers. This is read-only attribute.

• A reference counter, indicating the number of policers or shapers using the profile. Only profiles that are not in use can be deleted or modified.

Up to 2048 policer bandwidth profile records can be stored on a 9145ELB system.

Note that you cannot delete the default “best effort” shaping profile (CIR = EIR = 0).

The BWP algorithm is illustrated in Figure 11-1. There are two buckets: the C bucket and the E

bucket. These buckets get filled at a rate determined by CIR and EIR, respectively. The C bucket has a depth of CBS and the E bucket has a depth of EBS. If the Coupling Flag is enabled and the C bucket overflows with tokens, these excess tokens will be transferred to the E bucket.

In this manner, the Coupling Flag can control the amount of frames that get marked yellow by the system.

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Figure 11-1 Bandwidth Profiling Algorithm

When a packet is received of size B bytes in length, the algorithm checks to see if there are at least B tokens currently in the C bucket. If so, the C bucket is decremented by B and the packet is forwarded on with a compliance level of Green. If there are less than B tokens in the C bucket, the E bucket is checked to see if it has sufficient tokens. If the E bucket has at least B tokens, then the packet is forwarded on with a compliance level of Yellow. If both the C and E buckets have insufficient tokens, the packet is said to have a compliance level of Red, and is discarded.

11.2 Policers

Policers limit the ingress traffic on User Ports, according to an associated bandwidth profile.

There are a maximum of 128 policers per User Port.

A policer is created and destroyed by the system and has the following attributes:

• a unique numerical policer ID

• a textual name

• a policing bandwidth profile record attached to the policer. Several policers may share the same bandwidth profile.

• the attached traffic flow type. A policer may be attached to:

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• A User Port - If a policer is associated with a User Port, no other policers (service multiplexing level or CoS flow level policers) can be enabled on that port. For more information, see the section “Port Filters screen” on page 62.

• A service multiplexing record

• A CoS flow, identified by a service multiplexing value and a PCP value. When policing is performed per EVC/CoS, all PCP values not associated with a policer are not policed and are therefore filtered.

• an administrative state of the policer, which allows you to enable and disable traffic policing, without the need to re-provision the policer.

A policer classifies ingress frames as green, yellow or dropped (that is, frames it decides to drops because they exceed the contract). Yellow frames are indicated by the DE bit set in the outer tag on the egress (NET) port. If the frames are double tagged according to the service multiplexing configuration, then the DE bit is replicated in the outer (S) and tunnel (T) tag.

The CFI bit in the ingress C-Tagged frames remain unchanged and is not copied to the egress outer tag.

A Service Multiplexing record associated with a policer, either at SM level or at the CoS flow level, cannot be deleted as long as the policer is still configured.

For steps for configuring port-level policing, see the section “Port Filters screen” on page 62.

11.3 Shapers

The shapers have been implemented as double-rate token bucket shapers. Figure 11-2

illustrates the queuing and transmission scheduling entities and parameters.

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Figure 11-2 Shaping Entities

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The double-rate shaping algorithm specifies six parameters:

• CIR: The shaping rate for packets declared Green.

• CBS: The output burst of Green packets.

• CBS*: The maximum burst of Green packets that the queue can accommodate (equivalent to the size of the queue).

• EIR: The shaping rate for packets declared Yellow.

• EBS: The output burst of Yellow packets.

• EBS*: The maximum burst of Yellow packets that the queue can accommodate.

It should be noted that CBS* is greater than or equal to CBS and EBS* is greater than or equal to

EBS. Therefore, the input to the queues can accept a larger burst of traffic than what is output from the queue (which is the desired behavior for a shaper).

Green and Yellow packets are placed in the queue until the occupancy state exceeds EBS*.

After that point, only Green packets will be allowed into the queue, and all Yellow packets will be discarded. The transmission scheduling mechanism will continuously transmit frames from the head of the queue at the CIR without re-coloring them. If the queue occupancy state exceeds

THS (i.e., the queue is almost full by less than one packet of maximum size), then the transmission scheduling mechanism will transmit the frame at the head of the queue at CIR+EIR, but it will force its color to Yellow.

There are 19 shapers in the system. They cannot be deleted or created but you can disable or enable them. An unassigned shaper, that is, a shaper without a profile, is always disabled. In principle, one shaper is assigned for each Network Port queue; however, several queues can be assigned to the same shaper.

The 19 shaper entities are created automatically at system startup. By default:

• Shaper 1 is enabled, and assigned to a best effort egress bandwidth profile. Internally, all queues are assigned to this shaper by default.

• Shaping is disabled for the remaining 18 shapers and the shapers are not assigned.

In order to enable the shaping function, you must associate a shaping bandwidth profile with a shaper, assign a shaper with a particular entity, and enable the shaping administratively.

Changing the profile associated with a shaper is possible only if the shaping function is disabled.

A shaper can be assigned to:

• The entire Network Port. In this case, the entire egress traffic is shaped according to a single traffic profile. By default, at system startup, the Network Port is assigned to shaper

1, which in turn has a best effort bandwidth profile associated.

• A single Network Port egress queue, or a group of Network Port egress queues. This allows you to specify the finest granularity for the traffic shaping. Several queues can be assigned to the same shaper. It is the responsibility of the user to insure consistency between the desired shaping outcome and the queue classification configuration.

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Queue size and yellow packet thresholds

11.3.1 Shaper statistics

Shaper related statistics are the same as egress queue statistics. The following statistics are collected per queue:

• Total classified packets (that is, packets assigned to the queue)

• Total packets dropped according to drop profile (not applicable if shaping is enabled on the queue)

• Total queued green packets and total queued yellow packets

• Total dropped green packets and total dropped yellow packets (packets dropped due to shaping)

For shaping purposes, yellow packets are marked with the DE bit set in the outer tag.

11.4 Queue size and yellow packet thresholds

Each egress queue has a configured frame size which indicates the number of bytes that can be held in the queue while awaiting transmission. In this release, a new parameter, yellow packet threshold (EBS*), is configured on each queue, expressed as a percentage. Once a queue occupancy exceeds the specified yellow threshold, only green packets are accepted in the queue. The yellow packets (that is, packets with DE bit set, as defined by the policer) are dropped. For example, for a queue of a size of 1000 bytes, with a yellow threshold at 70%, yellow frames will no longer be placed in the queue when the queue occupancy is greater than 700 bytes.

Packets accepted in the queue are sent out at CIR rate, as long as the queue occupancy is below the yellow threshold. Once the queue occupancy is above the yellow threshold, the frames are transmitted at EIR rate, until the queue occupancy decreases under the yellow threshold.

Frames sent under the EIR rate are marked as yellow (that is, DE bit set) regardless of the color determined by the policer. The yellow frames marked as such by the policier are not remarked to green by the shaper, regardless of the queue occupancy at the time of transmission.

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11.5 Configuring Bandwidth Profiles

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Use the following steps to navigate to the Bandwidth Profile screens.

1. On the Main Menu (Figure 2-3), type 11 and press Enter. The Bandwidth Profile

Enforcement screen (Figure 11-3) opens.

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-------------------------BANDWIDTH PROFILE ENFORCEMENT-------------------------

1) Bandwidth Profiles

2) User To Net Ingress Policers

3) User To Net Egress Shapers

Select [1-3]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 11-3 Bandwidth Profile Enforcement screen

11.5.1 Create a Bandwidth Profile

1. On the Bandwidth Profile Enforcement screen, type 1 and press Enter. The Bandwidth

Profiles List screen (Figure 11-4) opens.

2. To create a new profile, type A and press Enter. The Create a New Bandwidth Profile

Record (Figure 11-5) screen opens. The cursor is positioned in the Type field.

3. Press the Space bar to select Policer profile or Shaper profile and press Enter. The cursor moves to the ID field.

4. Type an ID number from 1-4096 and press Enter. The cursor moves to the CIR field.

NOTE: See the section “Bandwidth Profiles” on page 125, for more information about these

fields.

5.

In the CIR field, type a number between 0 and 1000000 and press Enter. The cursor moves to the CBS field.

6. In the CBS field, type a number between 80 and 120, or 0 and press Enter. The cursor moves to the EIR field.

7. In the EIR field, type a number between 0 and 1000000 and press Enter. The cursor moves to the EBS field.

8. In the EBS field, type a number between 80 and 120, or 0 and press Enter. The cursor moves to the EIR field.

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9. Type A to accept the Policer profile values. If any of the values you entered are out of range, you will see an error message. Enter the number of the filed to change and press

Enter.

10. Press Esc to return to the Bandwidth Profile List screen.

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----------------------------BANDWIDTH PROFILE LIST-------------Items 1 - 2 of 2-

CIR CBS EIR EBS Ref

Name ID Type Mbps KBytes Mbps KBytes Cnt

Policer BWP 1001 1001 Pol. 1.0 80 1.0 80 128

Shaper BWP 1002 1002 Shap. 1.0 80 1.0 80 19

Select [(F)irst, (P)rev, (L)ast, (N)ext, (A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

-

Figure 11-4 Bandwidth Profile List screen

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-----------------------------CREATE NEW BW PROFILE------------------------------

1) Type: Policer Profile

2) ID: 1001

3) Name: Policer BWP 1001

4) CIR (Kbps): 1000

5) CBS (Kbytes): 80

6) EIR (Kbps): 1000

7) EBS (Kbytes): 80

Select [1-7], (A) to accept:.

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 11-5 Create a New Bandwidth Profile screen (with Policer profile specified)

11.5.2 Delete a Bandwidth Profile

1. On the Bandwidth Profile List screen (Figure 11-4), type D and press Enter. The current

profile is highlighted.

2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the list and highlight the record you wish to delete.

3. Press Enter to delete the highlighted record. You are prompted to confirm the deletion.

4. Type Y to confirm the deletion, or N to cancel.

5. Press Esc to return to the Bandwidth Profile List screen.

11.5.3 Modify a Bandwidth Profile

1. On the Bandwidth Profile List screen (Figure 11-4), type E and press Enter. The current

record is highlighted.

2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the list and highlight the record to modify. When the record you want to modify is highlighted, press Enter. The Modify Bandwidth Profile

Record screen (Figure 11-6) opens. Note that this screen is identical for Policers and

Shapers.

3. Only the name and traffic parameters can be modified. Type the number of the field you wish to modify and press Enter.

4. When you are finished making changes, type A to accept and press Enter.

5. Press Esc to return to the Bandwidth Profile List screen.

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-------------------------------MODIFY BW PROFILE-------------------------------

ID: 1002 Shaper profile

Reference counter: 1

Coupling flag: Disabled

Color mode: Color-Aware

1) BW Profile Name: sHAPER wp 10S

2) CIR (Kbps): 1000

3) CBS (Kbytes): 80

4) EIR (Kbps): 1000

5) EBS (Kbytes): 80

Select [1-5]

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 11-6 Modify Bandwidth Profile screen (with Shaper profile specified)

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11.6 User to Network Ingress Policers

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For steps for configuring port-level policing, see the section “Port Filters screen” on page 62.

You can view and modify user to network ingress policers.

11.6.1 Modifying a Policer

1. On the Bandwidth Profile Enforcement screen (Figure 11-3), type 2 and press Enter. The

Ingress Policer List screen (Figure 11-7) opens.

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-----------------------------Ingress POLICER LIST-----------Items 1 - 13 of 128-

User

ID Name Level Port S-VLAN PCP BW Profile State

1 Policer_1 EVC USR1 1 ALL 1001 Up

2 Policer_2 EVC USR1 2 ALL 1001 Up

3 Policer_3 EVC USR1 3 ALL 1001 Up

4 Policer_4 EVC USR1 4 ALL 1001 Up

5 Policer_5 EVC USR1 5 ALL 1001 Up

6 Policer_6 EVC USR1 6 ALL 1001 Up

7 Policer_7 EVC USR1 7 ALL 1001 Up

8 Policer_8 EVC USR1 8 ALL 1001 Up

9 Policer_9 EVC USR1 9 ALL 1001 Up

10 Policer_10 EVC USR1 10 ALL 1001 Up

11 Policer_11 EVC USR1 11 ALL 1001 Up

12 Policer_12 EVC USR1 12 ALL 1001 Up

13 Policer_13 EVC USR1 13 ALL 1001 Up

Select [(F)irst, (P)rev, (L)ast, (N)ext, (E)dit,

(S)tatistics, (R)eset all statistics]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 11-7 Ingress Policer List screen

2. To modify a policer, type E and press Enter. The Modify A Policer screen (Figure 11-8)

opens.

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-------------------------------- MODIFY A POLICER ------------------------------

ID: 1

Policing Level: EVC

Port (UNI): USR1

S-VLAN (EVC): 1

CoS ID (PCP): ALL

1) Administrative State: Up

2) Name: Policer_1

3) BW Profile ID: 1001

PARAMETERS

----------------

BW Profile Name: Policer BWP 1001

CIR: 1.0 Mbps

CBS: 80 Kbytes

EIR: 1.0 Mbps

EBS: 80 Kbytes

Select [1-3]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 11-8 Modify a Policer screen

3. To change the Administrative state, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select

Up or Down.

4. To change the name, type 2 and press Enter. Type a name for the policer and press

Enter.

5. To change the bandwidth profile ID, type 3 and press Enter. Type the bandwidth ID and press Enter.

6. Press Enter to accept your changes.

7. Press Esc to return to the Bandwidth Profile Enforcement screen.

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11.6.2 Viewing Policer Statistics

1. On the Bandwidth Profile Enforcement screen (Figure 11-3), type 2 and press Enter. The

Ingress Policer List screen (Figure 11-9) opens.

2. To view current policer statistics, type S and press Enter.

3. Press CTRL-T to view raw counters.

4. Press CTRL-R to reset counters.

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--------------------------- POLICER STATISTICS (CURRENT) -----------------------

ID: 1

Policing Level: EVC

Policer: Policer_1 CIR: 1.0 Mbps

BW Profile: 1001 CBS: 80 Kbytes

Port: USR1 EIR: 1.0 Mbps

S-VLAN: 1 EBS: 80 Kbytes

CoS ID (PCP): ALL

Frames Marked Green : 0

Frames Marked Yellow: 0

Frames Dropped (Red): 0

Select [(CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 11-9 Policer Statistics screen

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11.7 User to Network Egress Shapers

You can view and edit user to network egress shapers. Each queue, identified by a <user port, queue> pair, can be assigned (or unassigned) to one shaper.

11.7.1 Viewing the Shapers List

1. On the Bandwidth Profile Enforcement screen (Figure 11-3), type 4 and press Enter. The

Egress Shapers List screen (Figure 11-10) opens. There are 19 shapers.

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-----------------------------EGRESS SHAPERS LIST-------------------------------

Shaper BW Profile Status Queues Shaper BW Profile Status Queues

------ ------------ -------- ------ ------ ------------ -------- ------

1 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1 11 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1

2 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1 12 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1

3 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1 13 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1

4 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1 14 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1

5 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1 15 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1

6 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1 16 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1

7 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1 17 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1

8 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1 18 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1

9 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1 19 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1

10 Shaper BWP 1 Enabled 1

Select shaper[1-19]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 11-10 Egress Shapers List screen

11.7.2 Modifying a Shaper

1. On the Egress Shapers List screen (Figure 11-10), type the number of the shaper you

wish to modify and press Enter. The Egress Shaper Configuration screen (Figure 11-11)

opens.

2. To change the bandwidth profile, type 20 and press Enter Press the Space bar to select

Best Effort or None, and press Enter.

3. To enable or disable the shaper, type 21 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select

Enable or Disable, and press Enter.

4. To assign a queue to a shaper, type i and press Enter. A specific queue can be assigned to one shaper only.

5. To delete a queue from a shaper, type the number of the User Port and press Enter. You are prompted to type the queue number for the selected port.

6. Type the number of the queue from which the shaper will be deleted and press Enter.

7. Type A to accept your changes, and press Enter.

8. Press Esc to return to the Egress Shapers List screen.

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-------------------------EGRESS SHAPER CONFIGURATION---------------------------

Shaper: 1

Queue Status Queue Status

----------- ------------ ----------- ------------

1) User 1 LLQ Assigned 11) User 11 LLQ Not Assigned

2) User 2 LLQ Not Assigned 12) User 12 LLQ Not Assigned

3) User 3 LLQ Not Assigned 13) User 13 LLQ Not Assigned

4) User 4 LLQ Not Assigned 14) User 14 LLQ Not Assigned

5) User 5 LLQ Not Assigned 15) User 15 LLQ Not Assigned

6) User 6 LLQ Not Assigned 16) User 16 LLQ Not Assigned

7) User 7 LLQ Not Assigned 17) Queue 1 Not Assigned

8) User 8 LLQ Not Assigned 18) Queue 2 Not Assigned

9) User 9 LLQ Not Assigned 19) Queue 3 Not Assigned

10) User 10 LLQ Not Assigned

20) Shaper Bandwidth Profile: Shaper BWP 1002

21) Shaper Status: Enabled

Select [1-21]:

------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------

Figure 11-11 Egress Shapers Configuration screen

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CANOGA PERKINS CORPORATION

20600 Prairie Street

Chatsworth, California 913116008 USA

Phone: (818) 7186300 FAX: (818) 7186312

Web Site: www.canoga.com

Email: [email protected]

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