9145ELB_NID_Software Manual.book

EdgeAccess
9145ELB NID Software
Version 4.01
User’s Manual
NOTICE
Canoga Perkins has prepared this user’s manual for use by customers and Canoga
Perkins personnel as a guide for the proper installation, operation and/or maintenance of
Canoga Perkins equipment. The drawings, specifications and information contained in
this document are the property of Canoga Perkins and any unauthorized use or
disclosure of such drawings, specifications and information is prohibited.
Canoga Perkins reserves the right to change or update the contents of this manual and
to change the specifications of its products at any time without prior notification. Every
effort has been made to keep the information in this document current and accurate as of
the date of publication or revision. However, no guarantee is given or implied that the
document is error free or that it is accurate with regard to any specification.
CANOGA PERKINS CORPORATION
20600 Prairie Street
Chatsworth, California 913116008
Business Phone: (818) 7186300
(Monday through Friday 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. Pacific Time)
FAX: (818) 7186312 (24 hrs.)
Web Site: www.canoga.com
Email: fiber@canoga.com
Copyright © 2012 Canoga Perkins Corporation
All Rights Reserved
EdgeAccess®
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Product Number 6914105
July 2012
RevB
EdgeAccess and Canoga Perkins are registered trademarks of Canoga Perkins Corp.
To find Technical Advisories and Product Release Notes, go to the Canoga Perkins web
site at http://www.canoga.com.
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction .......................................................................... 1
About the 9145ELB Software ................................................................................... 1
Management Access................................................................................................ 1
Management Security Features ............................................................................... 2
Three Levels of Security........................................................................................... 2
Feature Access Level Configuration ........................................................................ 3
Terminology.............................................................................................................. 3
Chapter 2. Getting Started ..................................................................... 5
Configuring Terminal Management .......................................................................... 5
Setting Up SNMP Network Management ................................................................. 6
About MIBs............................................................................................................ 6
9145ELB Set-up.................................................................................................... 6
Management User Interface..................................................................................... 6
Login......................................................................................................................... 7
Main Menu................................................................................................................ 8
Supported MIBs...................................................................................................... 10
i
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Chapter 3. System Configuration ........................................................ 11
System Configuration Menu ................................................................................... 11
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration................................................................................ 14
Management IP Configuration ............................................................................ 14
Auxiliary IP Configuration.................................................................................... 17
Host Table........................................................................................................... 19
Add or Edit a Managing Host IP .................................................................... 19
Trap Table........................................................................................................... 21
Adding or Editing a Trap Manager................................................................. 21
Delete a Trap Table Entry.............................................................................. 27
Trap Configuration .............................................................................................. 27
Security Configuration ............................................................................................ 30
Password Configuration ...................................................................................... 30
Lockout/Logout Configuration ............................................................................. 31
Account Configuration ............................................................................................ 32
Three Levels of Security ..................................................................................... 33
Feature Access Level Configuration ................................................................... 33
Add or Edit an Account ....................................................................................... 33
Delete an Account............................................................................................... 35
System Information ................................................................................................ 36
RADIUS Client........................................................................................................ 37
RADIUS client configuration................................................................................ 37
SNTP Client Configuration ..................................................................................... 39
SYSLOG Client Configuration ................................................................................ 41
Hardware Information............................................................................................. 42
Chapter 4. Diagnostics ......................................................................... 45
Diagnostic Functions .............................................................................................. 45
ii
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Loopback Setup ..................................................................................................... 46
Latency/Jitter Test .................................................................................................. 48
PING Generation.................................................................................................... 51
Cable Diagnostics .................................................................................................. 53
Chapter 5. Port Information ................................................................. 55
Port Description...................................................................................................... 55
Link Status.............................................................................................................. 56
Port Configuration .................................................................................................. 57
Hardware Information.......................................................................................... 58
Port Config/Status Screens................................................................................. 59
Port Filters........................................................................................................... 62
Network Side Forwarding Configuration................................................................. 63
Layer 2 Statistics .................................................................................................... 65
Layer 2 Counter Definitions................................................................................. 67
Layer 2 Statistics ........................................................................................... 67
Layer 2 Error Statistics Screen ...................................................................... 67
Layer 2 Frame Type Statistics ....................................................................... 68
RMON Group 1 Statistics ....................................................................................... 69
Chapter 6. System Alarms & Logs ...................................................... 73
System Alarms ...................................................................................................... 73
System Log ............................................................................................................ 74
Log Display Filter Configuration ......................................................................... 75
Chapter 7. Utilities ................................................................................ 77
Utilities Menu.......................................................................................................... 77
Set Date and Time ................................................................................................. 78
iii
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Reset Configuration To Default .............................................................................. 78
Change Password .................................................................................................. 78
VT100 Baud Rate................................................................................................... 79
PING Generation.................................................................................................... 79
Static ARP Table .................................................................................................... 80
Dynamic ARP Table ............................................................................................... 81
Chapter 8. Software Upgrade............................................................... 83
Flash Memory......................................................................................................... 83
Software Reset....................................................................................................... 83
Swap Bank & Reset ............................................................................................... 83
Swap Bank After Download and Reset .................................................................. 84
Get Software Upgrades with TFTP ........................................................................ 85
Software Upgrades Using FTP or SFTP ................................................................ 86
Software Download using FTP............................................................................ 86
Software Download using SFTP ......................................................................... 87
Hardware Reset .................................................................................................. 88
Chapter 9. CoS Configuration.............................................................. 89
Class of Service ..................................................................................................... 89
9145ELB Queuing Functionality............................................................................. 89
CoS Support........................................................................................................... 92
Enabling or Disabling CoS Support..................................................................... 92
CoS Queues Configuration .................................................................................... 93
Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping ..................................................................... 93
Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping .................................................................. 96
IP Precedence Mode ..................................................................................... 97
iv
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) Mode .......................................... 97
Assured Forwarding (AF)/ Expedited Forwarding (EF).................................. 98
Queues Configuration on User Ports .................................................................. 99
Queues Configuration on Network Ports........................................................... 101
ED Drop Profiles on User Ports ........................................................................ 102
ED Drop Profiles on Network Ports................................................................... 102
Queue Statistics ................................................................................................... 103
Chapter 10. Configuring EVC............................................................. 105
Introduction........................................................................................................... 105
EVC Functionality................................................................................................. 105
EVC Records ................................................................................................... 105
User-to-Network Functionality........................................................................... 106
Network-to-User Functionality........................................................................... 106
Statistics............................................................................................................ 106
Screen Navigation............................................................................................. 107
EVC Configuration................................................................................................ 109
Create an EVC Record ..................................................................................... 110
Delete an EVC Record...................................................................................... 111
Modify an EVC record ...................................................................................... 112
Viewing or Modifying the C-VLAN List......................................................... 118
Mapping a Queue on the User Port in C-VID .............................................. 119
Display EVC Statistics...................................................................................... 120
S-TPID/T-TPID Configuration ........................................................................... 123
Chapter 11. Bandwidth Profiles ......................................................... 125
Bandwidth Profiles................................................................................................ 125
Policers................................................................................................................. 127
Shapers ................................................................................................................ 128
v
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Shaper statistics................................................................................................ 130
Queue size and yellow packet thresholds ............................................................ 130
Configuring Bandwidth Profiles ............................................................................ 131
Create a Bandwidth Profile ............................................................................... 131
Delete a Bandwidth Profile............................................................................... 133
Modify a Bandwidth Profile............................................................................... 133
User to Network Ingress Policers ......................................................................... 135
Modifying a Policer............................................................................................ 135
Viewing Policer Statistics .................................................................................. 137
User to Network Egress Shapers ......................................................................... 138
Viewing the Shapers List................................................................................... 138
Modifying a Shaper ........................................................................................... 138
vi
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Preface
About this Manual
This manual provides instructions on the configuration and operation of the 9145ELB Network
Interface Device (NID) Version 4.01 software. The 9145ELB NID can be managed using the EIA232 serial port through a VT100 terminal emulation program, through an Ethernet connection
using Telnet, or by using SNMP.
How this Manual is Organized
This document contains both information and procedures organized in roughly chronological
order. Starting from an introduction to the 9145ELB software, it continues with system
requirements, initial implementation, and ongoing operation.
The document includes the following chapters:
•
Chapter 1, Introduction provides basic information about the software and navigation.
•
Chapter 2, Getting Started describes how to set up and get started using the 9145ELB.
•
Chapter 3, System Configuration describes how to configure the 9145ELB management
features.
•
Chapter 4, Diagnostics describes how to configure and perform routine network diagnostics.
•
Chapter 5, Port Information describes the User Port, Network Ports, and the Management UTP port.
•
Chapter 6, System Alarms & Logs describes how to configure System Alarms and System Logs.
•
Chapter 7, Utilities describes system utilities.
•
Chapter 8, Software Upgrade describes how to upgrade the NID software.
•
Chapter 9, CoS Configuration describes how to enable or disable Class of Service support that includes classification, queuing, scheduling and queue management functions
for the 9145ELB.
•
Chapter 10, Configuring EVC describes Ethernet Virtual Connection (EVC) functionality
and the entities required for its configuration.
vii
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
•
Chapter 11, Bandwidth Profiles describes 9145ELB bandwidth profiling.
Contacting Technical Support
Contact Canoga Perkins technical support (1-800-360-6642), or your 9145ELB support supplier,
for hardware and software support, including product repairs and part ordering. Please have the
following information available:
•
NID model and serial number
•
NID software version
•
Detailed description of the problem and specific questions
•
Details from messages in system log (if available)
•
Description of any troubleshooting steps already performed and results
Documentation Feedback
Because quality is our first concern at Canoga Perkins, we have made every effort to ensure the
accuracy and completeness of this document. However, if you find an error or an omission, or
you think that a topic needs further development, we want to hear from you. Forward your
feedback to: techsupport@canoga.com. Provide the title and version number and as much detail
as possible about your issue, including the topic heading, page number, and your suggestions for
improvement.
viii
Introduction
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Management Access
Chapter 1
Introduction
1.0 About the 9145ELB Software
The 9145ELB is a Multiport Network Interface Device (NID) with a modular Network Port. The
sixteen User Ports can operate at a rate of up to 1Gbps. The User Ports can be either copper
(10/100/1000 Mbps UTP) or optical (SFP). The supported Network Port module is the Dual 10G
Optical Ethernet Module
The two 10G ports (10G1 and 10G2) can be administratively configured as one 10G User Port
and one 10G Network Port, or as two 10G Network Ports. The ports can additionally be
configured to be part of the same Link Aggregation Group (LAG) to act as a protected uplink
when both 10G ports are set as Network Ports. The 9145ELB supports Link Aggregation
compliant with IEEE 802.1AX-2008.
NOTE: LAG is not enabled in this release.
When the 9145ELB is equipped with a SONET/SDH network port module, it can be used to
encapsulate customer Ethernet frames for transport over SONET networks.
The 9145ELB supports VLAN multiplexing of C-VLANs into S-VLANs. This feature allows
customer frames to be multiplexed into S-VLANs through the use of a C-VLAN/S-VLAN Map. An
additional VLAN Tag, the Tunnel tag (or T-Tag) may be added to the egress frames on the
Network Port. Tunnel Tags may be useful when transporting services through third-party/
wholesale Operators.
1.1 Management Access
The 9145ELB can be managed through several access ports.
VT-100 Terminal The VT-100 menu-based user interface is used to manage the NID locally via
the EIA-232 serial port, primarily to perform initial configurations on the NID before it is
connected to the network.
Telnet Once the 9145ELB has been connected to your network, it can be accessed using Telnet.
All commands and functions are available using standard Telnet software.
SNMP All commands and functions are also available using an SNMP manager. The 9145ELB
supports SNMP v1/v2c/v3 and many standard MIBs as well as CP proprietary MIBs. See
“Supported MIBs” on page 10.
1
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Introduction
Management Security Features
1.2 Management Security Features
The 9145ELB has comprehensive management access security features, including SNMPv3
authorization, RADIUS, password formatting, and user access controls. You can set values and
options within the software that will work with the security protocols on your network. The four
network security protocols listed below are supported. In addition, the 9145ELB provides options
to define strong passwords, independent of the security protocols.
SNMPv3 Provides authentication and encryption of management traffic across a network.
Remote Access Dial In User Security (RADIUS) The RADIUS server maintains user account
information. At login, the 9145ELB queries the server which authenticates the username and
password and sends a message to the 9145ELB to allow the login. The RADIUS server can also
be set up to require additional authentication information before accepting the user. If the
username or password is not valid, the RADIUS server sends a message to the 9145ELB to
disallow the login and reject the user.
Secure Shell version 2 (SSH-2) SSH-2 provides authentication and encryption for a secure
remote Telnet connection. SSH can be configured to provide unique User Accounts.
Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) SFTP adds encryption to protect uploaded files during
the file transfer process, such as for a software update.
1.3 Three Levels of Security
Most Service Provider management networks allow different access levels to various types of
employees (e.g., field technicians will have restricted access to some configuration parameters,
while NOC administrators typically have full access to all parameters). Offering tiered
management access to network elements allows Service Providers to protect their network
against unauthorized access and misconfigurations.
The 9145ELB allows view-based access to be set up for user interface features and SNMP
access. A capabilities file allows views to be defined in an ASCII file and downloaded to the NID.
A three-level security system on the 9145ELB controls all user interface and SNMPv3 access.
All 9145ELB features require that the user have a certain access level. The logged in user or
SNMPv3 manager’s access level is used to validate and control access to the 9145ELB
features. When accessing a menu item or an SNMP object, the user’s access level is checked
against the access level required for the feature. If the user’s access level is sufficient, then the
access is granted. If the user’s access level is not sufficient, an error message is displayed in the
status area, or an SNMP error is returned.
The three access levels are supervisor, operator, and observer.
2
•
In the default configuration, the supervisor access level is allowed complete access to all
9145ELB features including configuring the security system.
•
The operator access level is allowed access to the 9145ELB features except those relating to the 9145ELB’s security system. This level can be configurable by the administrator.
•
The observer access level is allowed access to the 9145ELB features that do not modify
the 9145ELB’s configuration. This level can be configurable by the administrator.
Introduction
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Feature Access Level Configuration
1.4 Feature Access Level Configuration
The 9145ELB has a default assignment of access levels. Creating and downloading a text file
called 9145E.cap to the 9145ELB can change this assignment. This file contains mappings
between module features and the access level required to access the feature.
As an example the entry that controls access to the Maximum Frame Size setting looks like
maxFrameSize=operator. This entry indicates that to change the Maximum Frame Size, a user’s
account must have “operator” access level or greater.
The default 9145E.cap file containing the 9145ELB built-in security rules is provided with the
9145ELB release. To modify the security rules, simply modify the provided 9145E.cap file and
download this modified file to the 9145ELB. The 9145E.cap file is downloaded to the 9145ELB
via the normal FTP/SFTP/TFTP in the same manner as downloading a firmware file to the
9145ELB (see sections 8.4 and 8.5). The same file may be downloaded to multiple 9145ELBs to
ensure the same security rules.
If the file 9145E.cap is not downloaded to the 9145ELB, then the default access level mappings
in the 9145ELB are used. If a feature is not present in the file “9145E.cap” that is downloaded to
the 9145ELB, then the default access level mapping in the 9145ELB is used. If errors are found
in this file, these errors are displayed in the system log.
1.5 Terminology
The following terms and acronyms are used in this manual.
Term
Description
AFEF
Assured Forwarding Expedited Forwarding
CEN
Carrier Ethernet Network
CFM
Connectivity Fault Management
CoS
Class of Service
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check
C-VID
Customer VLAN Identification
DSCP
Differentiated Service Code Point
EVC
Ethernet Virtual Connection
EVPL
Ethernet Virtual Private Line
HDLC
High-Level Data Link Control
LAG
Link Aggregation Group
LCAS
Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme
LLQ
Low Latency Queue
MEN
Metro Ethernet Network
3
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Introduction
Terminology
4
MP
Maintenance Point
NID
Network Interface Device
NPA
Network Performance Assurance
OAM
Operation, Administration and Maintenance
PCP
Priority Code Point
VPLS
Virtual Private LAN Services
Getting Started
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Chapter 2
Getting Started
2.0 Configuring Terminal Management
When you use the EIA-232 Serial Port for VT-100 sessions, Canoga Perkins suggests that you
use HyperTerminal or a similar type of terminal emulation software for a PC.
NOTE: Microsoft Windows Vista and Windows 7 Operating Systems do not include HyperTerminal. If your PC uses either of these operating systems, you will need to install a terminal emulation program.
To setup a terminal emulation session between HyperTerminal and the 9145ELB:
1. Select Start > All Programs > Accessories > Communications > HyperTerminal.
2. At the Connection Description dialog, select an icon and enter the name for the
connection. Click OK.
3. At the Connect To dialog, select the Connect Using menu. Select the COM port and
click OK.
4. Select the Port Settings tab from the COM Properties dialog. Make the following
selections:
a. Bits per second: 9600 bps
b. Data bits: 8
c. Parity: None
d. Stop bits: 1
e. Flow control: None
6. Click OK.
7. Go to File > Properties >Settings and change the Emulation setting from Auto detect to
VT100.
8. HyperTerminal connects to the system and the VT100 terminal emulation starts.
5
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Getting Started
Setting Up SNMP Network Management
2.1 Setting Up SNMP Network Management
The 9145ELB communicates with CanogaView or your Network Management Platform either inband, via the Network Port, or out of band, via the Management UTP port.
2.1.1 About MIBs
To communicate with the 9145ELB using SNMP, standard Management Information Bases
(MIBs) are required on your Network Management Platform. See the table “Supported MIBs” on
page 10 for a list of MIBs.
Additionally, Canoga Perkins Private MIBs are needed on the Management Platform to manage
tasks specific to the Canoga Perkins 9145ELB. The Canoga Perkins Private MIBs are available
for download in the Client Support area of the Canoga Perkins web site. Go to www.canoga.com,
then click on Client Support.
NOTE: To log in to the client site or secure site, use the serial number of the 9145ELB to register.
2.1.2 9145ELB Set-up
Several TCP/IP and SNMP parameters must be configured before you can access the 9145ELB
from CanogaView or your Management Platform. These parameters include TCP/IP Address,
Authorized Host List, and Privileges. These parameters are initialized from a VT-100 terminal
connected to the RS-232 Serial Port. Refer to “System Configuration Menu” on page 11 for
details on configuring these parameters.
2.2 Management User Interface
The Management User Interface for the 9145ELB provides a menu driven interface for setup,
monitoring, and diagnostics. You can access the screens directly by connecting to the serial port
of the 9145ELB or using Telnet.
A typical screen (Figure 2-1) includes standard descriptions and reference designations. Use this
and other screens to configure the system, set operational parameters, and verify the system
status. All screens use a common method for navigation.
NOTE: Status screens do not have selectable items.
Use the following methods to navigate screens:
•
When a menu item is highlighted, press the Space bar to view the options for that item.
•
Press Tab to move the highlight to the next column.
•
Press Enter to select the highlighted option for a menu item or to go to the next line.
•
Press Esc once to cancel an action or to return to the previous screen.
To select an item from a screen menu enter the menu item number. For example, you would type
6 and press Enter to select “Utilities” as shown in Figure 2-1.
6
Getting Started
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Login
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-B83-M-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
MODEL
SOFTWARE
VERSION
MENU
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
System Configuration
Diagnostics
Port Information
System Alarms
System Log
Utilities
Software Upgrade
Manage Logged In Users
CoS Configuration
EVC Configuration
Bandwidth Profile Enforcement
Logout
Select [1-13]:
MESSAGES &
URGENT STATUS
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 2-1 Screen Format
2.3 Login
The first screen is the Login screen (Figure 2-2). Type your Username and press Enter. The
Password prompt appears. Type your Password and press Enter. If the Username or Password
are incorrect, you will be returned to the Username Prompt and the message Invalid Username/
Password entered will be displayed.
CAUTION: The default username is “admin” and the default password is also “admin”
(all lower case letters). Canoga Perkins strongly recommends you change the default
username and password during your initial configuration session.
7
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Getting Started
Main Menu
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-B83-M-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------------------------------LOGIN SCREEN-----------------------------
Please Enter Login Username : admin
Please Enter Login Password : *****
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 2-2 Login screen
When you successfully log in, the Main Menu (Figure 2-3) appears. Use the Main Menu to
access all 9145ELB functions, including setup, diagnostics, and reports.
See the sections “Account Configuration” on page 32 and “Password Configuration” on page 30
for information about configuring you account and changing your password.
CAUTION: If you lose both your Username and Password, return the unit to Canoga Perkins for Factory Service and reset.
2.4 Main Menu
Following is a brief description of the Main Menu items.
1. System Configuration The System Configuration menu is used to view and set values
for system information and TCP/IP management communications parameters.
2. Diagnostics The Diagnostics menu is used to set up various troubleshooting tests,
including Loopback, Latency/Jitter, PING tests, or Cable Diagnostics.
3. Port Information The Port Information menu is used to ascertain the current conditions
for all ports in the 9145ELB, to set and view the configuration information for specific
ports, check Link Status and Layer 2 Statistics and configure Link Aggregation
functionality.
4. System Alarms The System Alarms screen is used to view current alarm conditions.
5. System Log The System Log screen displays a list of recent traps, alarms, and events.
6. Utilities The Utilities menu is used to set-up and display basic functional information.
8
Getting Started
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Main Menu
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-20111
9145ELB-B83-M-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------------------MAIN MENU--------------------------------1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
System Configuration
Diagnostics
Port Information
System Alarms
System Log
Utilities
Software Upgrade
Manage Logged In Users
CoS Configuration
EVC Configuration
Bandwidth Profile Enforcement
Logout
Select [1-14]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 2-3 Main Menu
7. Software Upgrade The Software Upgrade screen is used to download and install new
firmware using TFTP, swap firmware banks, and reset the 9145ELB.
8. Manage Logged In Users The Manage Logged In Users screen is used by the
administrator to view current users, and to terminate user sessions when required.
9. CoS Configuration The Class of Service (CoS) Configuration menu is used to enable or
disable classification support, and to establish priority to queue mapping, set up queue
configuration, create drop profiles, and view queue statistics.
10. EVC Configuration The Ethernet Virtual Connection (EVC) Configuration menu is used
to configure VLAN Multiplexing.
11. Bandwidth Profile Enforcement The Bandwidth Profile Enforcement menu is used to
configure bandwidth profiles for traffic management.
12. Logout Logout terminates your current session.
9
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Getting Started
Supported MIBs
2.5 Supported MIBs
This section lists all supported MIBs including Standard MIBs and the Canoga Perkins MIBs.
Table 2-1. Standard MIBs
mib-2.my
ping.my
ifmib.my
rmon2.my
rmon.my
entitymib.my
hcrmon.my
Table 2-2. Canoga Perkins MIBs Supported in Release 4.01
10
cp9145estatus.my
cploopback.my
cpsyslog.my
cpaccounts.my
cpmgmtstatus.my
cpsystemlog.my
cpcablediag.my
cpnetmodulestatus.my
cpte.my
cpcos.my
cpping.my
cptrapconfig.my
cpcvidtopcpmap.my
cpportconfig.my
cptraptb.my
cpentity.my
cppowersupply.my
cpvlanloopback.my
cpentitynaming.my
cpradius.my
cpvlanmux.my
cpfanstatus.my
cpsecurity.my
cphosttb.my
cpsfpstatus.my
cpifmib.my
cpsntp.my
cpipconfig.my
cpstatus.my
cplatency.my
cpsysinf.my
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Chapter 3
System Configuration
3.0 System Configuration Menu
The System Configuration menu (Figure 3-1) allows you to access the screens where you can
configure the 9145ELB management parameters, including its IP Address, user account and
security settings, SNMP Agent, and SYSLOG configuration. This menu allows the user to
configure all the settings needed for the administration of the 9145ELB. The following sections
describes each item on the System Configuration menu.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------------------SYSTEM CONFIGURATION------------------------1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
Trap Configuration
Security Configuration
Account Configuration
System Information
RADIUS Client Configuration
SNTP Client Configuration
SYSLOG Client Configuration
Hardware Information
Select [1-9]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-1 System Configuration Menu
Figure 3-2 shows a logical model for a 9145ELB NID. The NID consists of a forwarding plane, a
control plane, an internal port that connects the two planes and external ports that provide
connectivity to other network elements.
11
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
Figure 3-2 Logical Model for a NID
The forwarding plane is responsible for processing service frames exchanged between Client
and Network Ports, while the control plane is responsible for processing packets carrying
messages for administrative control of the 9145ELB, along with synthetic test traffic generated by
the NID. A physical internal port provides connectivity between the forwarding and control
planes. The port that connects the control plane to the forwarding plane can have multiple logical
interfaces. For example, the management agent can be attached to this interface by assigning it
an IP Address. Likewise, the Test IP or Aux IP entities can present themselves on this interface
by enabling them on the NID and assigning them IP Addresses.
Manager
This is the management entity of the NID. An IP Address can be user assigned
to the Manager. The Manager is responsible for peering a variety of
management protocols, such as TELNET, SNMP, SFTP and RADIUS, to name
a few. The Manager's IP Address is typically configured as an address on the
Service Provider's management network. The Manager will process any
packet received with this IP Address in the packet's destination address field.
Likewise, the Manager will generate IP packets with this address as its source
address field.
Test IP
The Test IP entity generates and peers synthetic test traffic, such as Canoga
Perkins proprietary Latency/Jitter test traffic. The Test IP Address is user
configurable and the entity presents this address on the logical interface. The
Test IP entity will process any packet received with this IP Address in the
packet's destination address field. Likewise, the entity will generate IP packets
with this address as its source address field.
12
System Configuration
Aux IP
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
The Aux IP entity can be user assigned to any port on the NID. The user can
configure an Aux IP Address for this entity that is not on the Manager's subnet.
In this manner, the Aux IP can be used for diagnostic purposes, by allowing the
user to PING subnets not accessible by the Manager IP. The Aux IP entity will
process any packet received with this IP Address in the packet's destination
address field. Likewise, the entity will generate IP packets with this address as
its source address field.
Figure 3-3 Typical Application of the Control Plane Entities
Figure 3-3 shows how these different entities are typically used by a Service Provider. The grey
cloud represents the Service Provider's network, with the NIDs placed as the demarcation points
of the service (in this example, it is a Carrier Ethernet network delivering an EVPL service to a
customer, but it could have been an IP, VPLS, or any other type of service, for that matter).
The NIDs are typically managed via IP over a management VLAN. Each Manager will be
assigned an available IP Address by the OSS administrator, and the management VLAN will be
configured in each NID. A host on the OSS can then manage each NID by TELNET, or by using
an SNMP manager application. This traffic is shown in orange in the diagram.
Let us say the Service Provider wants to monitor the latency and jitter between the UNIs (i.e.,
between the Client Port of NID A and that of the NID B in Figure 3-3). A Test IP can be setup on
each NID in this point-to-point service. The Test IP Addresses chosen must be unique on each
NID and on the same subnet. NID A can then generate test traffic (shown in green) out the
Network Port to NID B. NID B will receive this test traffic, insert timestamps where appropriate,
and send it back to NID A for final processing. In this manner, NID A can test the path and gather
precise latency and jitter measurements between the two endpoints.
In addition to monitoring the performance of the service, the Service Provider might also like to
monitor the connectivity between the NIDs and the CEs. The Service Provider and the customer
can agree on exchanging ICMP Echo Request/Reply messages across the UNI (i.e., the Service
Provider and customer agree to allow PINGs to be generated from the NID to the CE). The IP
interface on the CE may very well be on a subnet that is different from the Manager (or the Test
IP, for that matter). Therefore, the Aux IP can be configured independently with an IP Address
and VLAN that provides connectivity to the CE for ICMP messages. The Service Provider can
then generate ICMP Echo Requests to the CE, and the CE can reply back with ICMP Echo Reply
13
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
messages. If there is no reply from the CE, the Service Provider will know instantaneously that
there is a fault in the connectivity between the two network elements.
3.1 IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
The IP/SNMP Agent Configuration screen (Figure 3-4) configures the Management IP, Test IP,
and Auxiliary IP settings, and is used to add, edit, or delete Host Table and Trap Table entries.
The Management IP, Test IP, and Auxiliary IP Addresses are used for managing and conducting
testing on a TCP/IP network.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------------IP/SNMP AGENT CONFIGURATION---------------------
1)
2)
3)
4)
Management IP Configuration
Auxiliary IP Configuration
Host Table
Trap Table
Select [1-4]
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-4 IP/SNMP Agent Configuration screen
3.1.1 Management IP Configuration
On the IP/SNMP Agent Configuration screen (Figure 3-4), type 1 and press Enter. The
Management IP Configuration screen (Figure 3-5) opens.
Use this screen to configure the Management IP of the 9145ELB, including the subnet mask,
gateway, and management VLAN, and to configure which ports can be used for management
access. See your network administrator for information and help with determining the appropriate
parameters.
1. Manager IP Address Sets the 9145ELB Manager IP Address.
Subnet Mask Sets the 9145ELB Manager IP Subnet Mask.
Default Gateway Sets the IP Address of the Default Gateway.
2. Manager Port Used to select the port(s) to allow Management Communication access.
Options are: Network Port, MGMT UTP Port, and Disabled.
3. Manager VLAN Tagging Configures the interface to the Manager to be untagged,
single-tagged, double-tagged, or triple-tagged. The options are:
14
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
•
Untagged (default): Management PDUs are transported without a VLAN tag.
DA
•
FCS
SA
S-Tag
IP Header
Management PDU
FCS
SA
S-Tag
T-Tag
IP Header
Management PDU
FCS
S-C Tagged: Management PDUs are encapsulated by an outer S-Tag and an
inner C-Tag.
DA
•
Management PDU
S-T Tagged: Management PDUs are encapsulated by an outer S-Tag and an
inner T-Tag.
DA
•
IP Header
S-Tagged: Management PDUs are encapsulated by an S-Tag.
DA
•
SA
SA
S-Tag
C-Tag
IP Header
Management PDU
FCS
S-T-C Tagged: Management PDUs are encapsulated by an outer S-Tag, a middle
T-Tag, and an inner C-Tag.
DA
SA
S-Tag
T-Tag
C-Tag
IP Header
Management PDU
FCS
NOTE: For the Mgmt UTP Port, only Untagged or C-tagged is allowed.
4. Manager C-VLAN ID If Manager VLAN Tagging is set to S-C Tagged or S-T-C Tagged,
you can set the C-VLAN Tag ID between 1 and 4094.
5. Manager T-VLAN ID If Manager VLAN Tagging is set to S-T Tagged or S-T-C Tagged,
you can set the T-VLAN Tag ID between 1 and 4094.
6. Manager S-VLAN ID If Manager VLAN Tagging is S-Tagged, S-T Tagged, S-C Tagged, or
S-T-C Tagged, you can set the S-VLAN Tag ID between 1 and 4094.
CAUTION: The Manager IP Address, Subnet Mask, and Gateway address can be
changed when locally or remotely connected. When you change the Management IP Configuration via remote access, you will be automatically disconnected when the Gateway
address is changed. You will need to reconnect using the updated Manager IP Address, Subnet
Mask, and Gateway address.
NOTE: The TPIDs for the S-Tag and T-Tag are configured at a system level. See the section “STPID/T-TPID Configuration” on page 123 to configure the S-Tag and T-Tag TPIDs.
15
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-B83-M-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------------------MANAGEMENT IP CONFIGURATION------------------------In-band Manager MAC Address
Manager MAC Address (MGMT UTP)
Manager Port Status
00 40 2A 04 12 D0
00 40 2A 04 12 D2
UP
1)
192.168.092.032
255.255.255.000
192.168.092.001
MGMT UTP Port
Untagged
0
0
0
000.000.000.000
255.255.255.000
User1 Port only
Disabled
Disabled
Manager IP Address
Subnet Mask
Default Gateway
2) Manager Port
3) Manager VLAN Tagging
4) Manager C-VLAN ID
5) Manager T-VLAN ID
6) Manager S-VLAN ID
7) Test IP Address
Test Subnet Mask
8) Test Port
9) Telnet Security
10) Reply to Broadcast Ping
Select [1-10]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-5 Management IP Configuration screen
7. Test IP Address Sets the IP Address for optional test features.
Test Subnet Mask Sets the Subnet Mask for optional test features.
8. Test Port Used to select which port(s) allow access to the Test IP address.
•
If the 10G2 port is configured as a Network Port, then options are User1 Port Only
through User16 Port Only, 10G2 Port Only, and No Ports Allowed.
•
If the 10G2 port is configured as a User Port, then options are User1 Port Only
through User8 Port Only, 10G2 Port Only, and No Ports Allowed.
9. Telnet Security Enables or disables checking if the host initiating the Telnet session is
listed in the host table. If Telnet Security is enabled the host must be included as part of
the host table. Default is disabled, which allows access from all hosts.
10. Reply to Broadcast Ping Enables or disables the 9145ELB reply to ICMP packets with
a broadcast IP Host Address in the Manager IP subnet. Broadcast Ping replies are an
ICMP packet and are rate limited to 100pps. Default is disabled.
16
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
3.1.2 Auxiliary IP Configuration
On the IP/SNMP Agent Configuration screen (Figure 3-4), type 2 and press Enter. The Auxiliary
IP Configuration screen (Figure 3-6) opens.
The Auxiliary IP is an additional IP address that is provided for testing and connectivity only. It
allows the 9145ELB to be PINGed without allowing Telnet or Management access that could be
disruptive. The Auxiliary IP rate is limited to 500 pings per second. This allows connectivity and
rudimentary performance testing from subscriber/user VLANs without compromising network
security.
To configure the parameters, type the corresponding number and press Enter. Enter data or
press the Space bar to view the configuration choices for the parameters described below.
Separate tagging configuration is necessary for User Side and Network side ports. All ports on
the user side must share the same tagging configuration.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
Model 9145ELB-B83-0 V04.01
10:55:13
------------------------------AUXILIARY IP CONFIGURATION----------------------1)
Auxiliary IP Address
Auxiliary Subnet Mask
2) Auxiliary Port
3) Aux VLAN Tagging on Network ports
4) Aux C-VLAN ID on Network ports
5) Aux T-VLAN ID on Network Ports
6) Aux S-VLAN ID on Network ports
7) Aux VLAN Tagging on User ports
8) Aux C-VLAN ID on User ports
9) Allow Any Vlan
10) Aux IP Rate Limiting
010.0012.013.014
255.255.255.000
10G1 Port Only
S-T-C Tagged
100
200
300
Untagged
1000
Disabled
Enabled
Select [1-10]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-6 Auxiliary IP Configuration screen
1. Auxiliary IP Address Sets the 9145ELB Auxiliary IP Address.
Auxiliary Subnet Mask Sets the 9145ELB Auxiliary IP Subnet Mask.
2. Inband Auxiliary Port Describes the Auxiliary IP address ports.
•
If the 10G2 port is configured as a Network Port, then options are User1 Port Only
through User16 Port Only, Network Port, and No Ports Allowed.
•
If the 10G2 port is configured as a User Port, then options are User1 Port Only
through User8 Port Only, Network Port, 10G2 Port Only, and No Ports Allowed.
3. Auxiliary VLAN Tagging on Network ports Describes the tagging mode for the frames
sent and received when the Auxiliary IP address is configured on the Network Port.
17
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
Options are: Untagged, S-Tagged, S-C (double) Tagged, S-T (tunnel) tagged, and S-T-C
(triple) tagged.
4. Auxiliary C-VLAN ID on Network ports Sets the C-VLAN ID value (between 1 and
4094). Valid if the Auxiliary VLAN Tagging mode on Network ports is set to S-C Tagged or
S-T-C Tagged. The value defaults to zero if any of the other types of tagging are selected.
5. Auxiliary T-VLAN ID on Network ports Sets the T-VLAN ID value (between 1 and
4094). Valid if the Auxiliary VLAN Tagging mode on Network ports is set to S-T Tagged or
S-T-C Tagged. The value defaults to zero if any of the other types of tagging are selected.
6. Auxiliary S-VLAN ID on Network Sets the S-VLAN ID value (between 1 and 4094). Valid
if the Auxiliary VLAN Tagging mode on Network ports is set to S-C tagged (Double
Tagged), S-Tagged, or S-T-C Tagged. The value defaults to 0 if any of the other type of
tagging modes are selected.
7. Auxiliary VLAN Tagging on User Ports Describes the tagging mode for the frames sent
and received when the Auxiliary IP address is configured on any of the User Ports.
Options are Untagged or C-Tagged.
8. Auxiliary C-VLAN ID on User Ports Sets the C-VLAN ID value (between 1 and 4094) for
the C-Tags on User Ports. Valid if the Auxiliary VLAN Tagging mode on User Ports is set
to C-Tagged.
9. Allow any VLAN If this option is enabled, frames addressed to the Auxiliary IP address
are processed regardless of their VLAN tagging. All responses on such frames are
tagged with the received VLAN ID. Frames initiated by the NID will still be tagged with the
configured encapsulation (Options 3 to 7 above). If this option is disabled, received
frames will only be processed if they have the VLAN ID set on this screen.
10. Auxiliary IP Rate Limiting Specifies whether the maximum limit of 500 frames per
second is enforced for frames received on the Auxiliary IP address.
18
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
3.1.3 Host Table
On the IP/SNMP Agent Configuration screen (Figure 3-4), type 3 and press Enter. The Host
Access Table screen (Figure 3-7) opens.
Use this screen to configure the 9145ELB to send and receive SNMP, FTP, and Telnet traffic to
the Managing Host IP address, and access from specific Telnet clients when Telnet security is
enabled. Use the Host Access Table to configure access by each host including access type and
privileges (SNMP, FTP, Telnet).
Traps can be generated from the 9145ELB to a CanogaView host to initiate discovery or to
synchronize the NID to CanogaView. Send Discovery Trap and Send Synchronization Trap have
been added to the Host Table UI screen. When invoked from the screen, a trap is sent and
logged to all the entries in the trap table, regardless of the master trap setting. When
CanogaView receives a Discovery trap it adds the unit to the database if it does not already know
the unit. When CanogaView receives a Synchronization trap, it adds the unit to the database if it
does not already know the unit, then synchronizes the unit. If it already knows the unit, it
synchronizes the unit.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------------------------HOST ACCESS TABLE-----------------------------Managing Host
Telnet FTP
SNMP
SNMP
V1/V2c Rd
V1/V2c Wr V1/V2c
IP/Mask Bits
Access Access Access Protocol Community
Community Access
172.016.000.000/16 All
All
Write
V1/V2c/V3 public
private
Superv
Select [(A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit, (M)ore]:
[(T) Send Discovery Request Trap, (S)end Synchronization Request Trap]
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-7 Host Access Table screen
3.1.3.1 Add or Edit a Managing Host IP
To add a Managing Host IP, from the Host Access Table screen, type A and press Enter. To
delete a Managing Host IP, type D and press Enter.
To edit an existing Managing Host IP select Edit (E). The Edit Host Access screen (Figure 3-8)
opens.
1. Type the Managing Host IP address to add to the Host Access list and press Enter.
2. Type the IP Mask Size (default value 32) and press Enter. To have an entire subnet
access the 9145ELB, enter the mask size for the subnet.
19
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
3. To change Telnet Access, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select Telnet
and SSH, Telnet Only, SSH Only, or None.
4. To change FTP access, type 2 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select FTP and
SFTP, FTP Only, SFTP Only, or None. Press Enter to select the parameter.
5. To change SNMP Access parameters, type 3 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to
select Read, Write, or None. Press Enter to select the parameter.
6. To change the SNMP Protocol parameters, type 4 and press Enter. Press the Space bar:
V1/V2c/V3, V1/V2c, or V3 using the Space Bar. Press Enter to select the parameter.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------------------EDIT HOST ACCESS-----------------------------
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Managing Host IP
IP Mask Size
Telnet Access
FTP Access
SNMP Access
SNMP Protocol
V1/V2c Read Community
V1/V2c Write Community
V1/V2c Access Level
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Enter Managing Host IP address
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-8 Edit Host Access screen
7. To change V1/V2c Read Community, type 5 and press Enter. Type the desired V1/V2c
Read Community and press Enter.
8. To change the V1/V2c Write Community, type 6 and press Enter. Type the desired V1/
V2c Write Community and press Enter.
9. To change the V1/V2c Access Level, type 7 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to
select Operator, Supervisor, or Observer. Press Enter to select the parameter.
10. Press Esc to return to the Host Access Table screen.
NOTE: SNMP V3 security parameters are configured per user account on the Edit User Account
screen. From the System Configuration screen type 4 and press Enter to open the Account Configuration screen, then type E to edit an account.
20
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
3.1.4 Trap Table
On the IP/SNMP Agent Configuration screen (Figure 3-4), type 4 and press Enter. The Trap
Notification Destination Table screen (Figure 3-9) opens.
The Trap Table screens are used to configure the SNMP Trap Managers.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------------TRAP/NOTIFICATION DESTINATION TABLE----------------------Managing
Trap
Username/
Security
Host
Port Type
Community
Level
Select [(A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit, (M)ore]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-9 Trap/Notification Destination Table screen
3.1.4.1 Adding or Editing a Trap Manager
1. To add a Managing Host IP address, from the Trap Notification Destination Table screen
(Figure 3-9), type A and press Enter (to edit, type E and press Enter). The Edit Trap
Notification Type screen open (Figure 3-10)
2. Type the Managing Host IP address and press Enter.
3. Type the Trap/Notification Port and press Enter.
The default value is 162 for regular SNMP managers (163 for CanogaView). Any port
numbers from 1 to 65535 can be used to receive traps. Check with your IT manager to
ensure the port setting is correct.
21
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
NOTE: Each Notification Type has a different set of parameters associated with it; the configuration procedure and screens will vary according to Notification Type selected.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------------EDIT TRAP/NOTIFICATION TYPE-----------------------IP Address
Trap/Notification Port
Notification Type
:
:
:
Enter Managing Host IP address
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-10 Edit Trap/Notification Type screen
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------------TRAP/NOTIFICATION DESTINATION TABLE----------------------Managing
Trap
Username/
Security
Host
Port Type
Community
Level
172.002.015.032
172.002.145.011
172.016.002.034
172.016.150.014
162
162
162
162
V2c-Inform
V3-Trap
V3-Inform
V1-Trap
Private
admin
admin
public
N/A
Auth/Priv
Auth/Priv
N/A
Select [(A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit, (M)ore]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-11 Trap/Notification Destination Table screen
22
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------------TRAP/NOTIFICATION DESTINATION TABLE----------------------Managing
Host
Port
Trap
Type
Username/
Community
Security
Level
172.002.015.032
172.002.145.011
172.016.002.034
172.016.150.014
162
162
162
162
V2c-Inform
V3-Trap
V3-Inform
V1-Trap
Private
admin
admin
public
N/A
Auth/Priv
Auth/Priv
N/A
Select [(A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit, (M)ore]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-12 Edit Trap/Notification Type screen
4. Select the Notification Type for this SNMP host. Selections are: V1-Trap, V2c-Trap, V2cInform, V3-Trap, and V3-Inform.
•
If you select V1-Trap or V2c-Trap (Figure 3-13):
a. Enter the Community Name and press Enter.
b. Press Esc to return to the Trap Table screen (Figure 3-11).
23
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------------------EDIT TRAP/NOTIFICATION TYPE-----------------IP Address
Trap/Notification Port
Notification Type
1. Community Name
: 172.016.150.014
: 162
: V1-Trap
: public
Select [1]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-13 V1-Trap or V2c-Trap Notification Type Parameter screen
•
If you select V2c-Inform (Figure 3-14):
a. Enter the Community Name.
b. Accept or revise the Retries parameter (default is 3).
c. Accept or revise the Timeout in Seconds parameter (default is 5).
d. Press Enter and then press Esc to return to the Trap Table screen (Figure 3-11).
•
If you select V3-Trap (Figure 3-15):
a. Press the Space bar to select the Security Name and press Enter.
b. Press the Space bar to select the Security Level (No Auth/No Priv, Auth/No Priv, or
Auth/Priv) and press Enter.
c. Press Esc to return to the Trap Table screen (Figure 3-11).
24
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------------------------EDIT TRAP/NOTIFICATION TYPE-------------------IP Address
: 172.002.015.032
Trap/Notification Port : 162
Notification Type
: V2c-Inform
1. Community Name
2. Retries
3. Timeout in Seconds
: Private
: 5
: 30
Select [1-3]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-14 V2c-Inform Notification Type Parameter screen
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------------------EDIT TRAP/NOTIFICATION TYPE------------------
IP Address
Trap/Notification Port
Notification Type
1. Security Name
2. Security Level
: 172.002.145.011
: 162
: V3-Trap
: admin
: Auth/Priv
Select [1-2]:
-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-15 V3-Trap Notification Type Parameter screen
25
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
4. If you select V3-Inform (Figure 3-17):
a. Type the Security Name and press Enter.
b. Type the SNMP Engine ID and press Enter.
c. Press the Space bar to select the Authentication Protocol setting (MD5, SHA, or
None) and then press Enter.
d. Type the Authentication Password and press Enter. Type the password again and
press Enter. The Authentication Key will automatically be entered. (It can be modified to match the SNMP manager's key if needed.)
e. Press the Space bar to select the Privacy Protocol settings (DES or None) and then
press Enter
f. Type the Privacy Password, if required, and press Enter, then type the password
again and press Enter. The Privacy Key will automatically be entered. (It can be
modified to match the SNMP manager's key if needed.)
g. Press the Space bar to select the Security Levels (No Auth/No Priv, Auth/No Priv,
or Auth/Priv) and then press Enter.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
29-AUG-2011
10:55:13
----------------------------------EDIT TRAP/NOTIFICATION TYPE----------------------IP Address
: 172.016.002.034
Trap/Notification Port : 162
Notification Type
: V3-Inform
1. Security Name
: admin
2. Engine ID
: 646EDB8608522E7733B4E38D28ABC8A130D8D041
3. Authentication Protocol : SHA
4. Authentication Password : ***************
5. Authentication Key
: FA9F82E713BAF2D2AC93DE8237BF5D1D5129261B
6. Privacy Protocol
: DES
7. Privacy Password
: ***************
8. Privacy Key
: 8FDA9A99556396C7B32BA38EF58F6DE4
9. Security Level
: Auth/Priv
10. Retries
: 3
11. Timeout in Seconds
: 30
Select [1-11]:
-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-16 V3-Inform Notification Type Parameter screen
h. Accept the Retries entry or modify it by pressing Backspace and typing the new
value and press Enter (default is 3).
i. Accept the Timeout in Seconds entry or modify it by pressing Backspace and typing
the new value and press Enter (default is 5).
j. Press Esc to return to the Trap Table screen (Figure 3-10).
26
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
3.1.4.2 Delete a Trap Table Entry
1. To delete a Managing Host IP address, from the Trap Notification Destination Table
screen (Figure 3-11), type D and press Enter.
2. Press the Space bar to select a Host IP address. To delete, press Enter. You will be
prompted to confirm the deletion.
3. Press Esc to return to the IP SNMP Agent Configuration screen (Figure 3-4).
3.1.5 Trap Configuration
Trap configuration defines how various alarms events are handled. Traps can be configured to be
logged, sent to the SNMP managers in the Trap Notification/Destination Table, or both logged
and sent for each event. Traps can also be set to Disabled.
Trap Config Item
Traps Affected
MIB Location
Master Trap Control
All
User Port Link Traps
linkUp (User Port)
ifmib.my
linkDown (User Port)
ifmib.my
linkUp (Network Port)
ifmib.my
linkDown (Network Port)
ifmib.my
cp9145EPortRemoteFaultReceived
cp9145EStatus.my
cp9145EPortSendingRemoteFault
cp9145EStatus.my
cp9145EPortRemoteFaultCleared
cp9145EStatus.my
coldStart
v2-mib.my
cpAuthenticationFailure
cpMgmtStatus.my
cpPortLoopbackOn
cpLoopback.my
cpPortLoopbackOff
cpLoopback.my
entConfigChange
EntityMib.my
cpMainBoardVoltageLevelsOK
cpStatus.my
cpMainBoardVoltageLevelsOutOfRange
cpStatus.my
cpDyingGasp
cpPowerSupply.my
cpPowerSupplyFailed
cpPowerSupply.my
cpPowerSupplyOverHighLimit
cpPowerSupply.my
cpPowerSupplyUnderLowLimit
cpPowerSupply.my
cpPowerSupplyOK
cpPowerSupply.my
cpFanShutDownDueToLowTemperature
cpFanStatus.my
Network Port Link Traps
Remote Fault Traps
Cold Start Traps
Authentication Traps
Diagnostic Traps
Entity Configuration Traps
Fan/Power/Temperature
Traps
27
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
Trap Config Item
Traps Affected
MIB Location
cpFanOK
cpFanStatus.my
cpFanSlow
cpFanStatus.my
cpFanFailed
cpFanStatus.my
cpTemperatureOverHighThresholdAlarm
cpStatus.my
cpTemperatureHighThresholdAlarmCleared
cpStatus.my
cpTemperatureWarningApproachingHighThreshold cpStatus.my
SFP Traps
cpTemperatureHighThresholdWarningCleared
cpStatus.my
cpTemperatureAlarmUnderLowThreshold
cpStatus.my
cpTemperatureLowThresholdAlarmCleared
cpStatus.my
cpTemperatureWarningApproachingLowThreshold
cpStatus.my
cpTemperatureLowThresholdWarningCleared
cpStatus.my
cpSfpRemoved
cpSfpStatus.my
cpSfpInsertedInvalid
cpSfpStatus.my
cpSfpInsertedValid
cpSfpStatus.my
cpSfpTxOk
cpSfpStatus.my
cpSfpTxWarning
cpSfpStatus.my
cpSfpTxFailure
cpSfpStatus.my
The System Log contains the log of all enabled Trap events.
1. To configure Traps, select Trap Configuration (2) from the System Configuration menu.
The Trap Configuration screen (Figure 3-17) opens.
2. Select the number of the trap group to change and press Enter. Press the Space bar to
select Log Only, Send Only, Both Log And Send, or Disabled.
The Master Trap Control setting overrides all other trap settings. For example, if the
Master Trap Control is set to Log Only, rather than set to Both Log And Send (as shown),
all the other traps will only log alarm events, regardless of the individual trap settings. If
the Master Trap Control is set to Log And Send, the individual traps will perform
according to their individual settings. Setting the Master Trap Control setting to Disabled
will disable all traps.
28
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
IP/SNMP Agent Configuration
3. Press Enter to close the editing function and then press Esc to return to the System
Configuration screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------------------TRAP CONFIGURATION-------------------------1) Master Trap Control
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
Log Only
User Port Link Traps
Network Port Link Traps
Remote Fault Traps
Link Loss Forwarding Traps
Cold Start Traps
Authentication Traps
Diagnostic Traps
Entity Configuration Traps
Fan/Power/Temperature Traps
SFP Traps
Module Inserted/Removed/Failed Traps
Both
Both
Both
Both
Both
Both
Both
Both
Both
Both
Both
Log
Log
Log
Log
Log
Log
Log
Log
Log
Log
Log
And
And
And
And
And
And
And
And
And
And
And
Send
Send
Send
Send
Send
Send
Send
Send
Send
Send
Send
Select [1-12]:
-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-17 Trap Configuration screen
29
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
Security Configuration
3.2 Security Configuration
The 9145ELB can be configured for Strong passwords. Use the Security Configuration screen to
set or change the Password Configuration and the Lockout/Logout Configuration. From the
System Configuration screen, select Security Configuration (3). The Security Configuration
screen (Figure 3-18) opens.
3.2.1 Password Configuration
Select the Password Configuration item to change by typing the corresponding number. Press
Enter to close the editing function and then press Esc to return to the System Configuration
screen. The 9145ELB permits strong passwords as follows:
1. Minimum Length The minimum number of alpha-numeric characters of a password.
Enter a value between 0 and 15. A setting of 0 will allow you to log in without a password.
2. Minimum Alpha Characters The minimum number of alpha characters a password must
contain. Valid alpha characters are a-z (lower case) and A-Z (capitalized). Enter a value
between 0 and 15.
3. Minimum Numeric Characters The minimum number of numeric characters a password
must contain. Valid numeric characters are 0-9. Enter a value between 0 and 15.
4. Minimum Punctuation Characters The minimum number of punctuation characters a
password must contain. Valid punctuation characters are any non-space, non-alpha, and
non-numeric characters. Valid punctuation characters include:
!
@
#
$
%
^
&
*
(
)
_
+
-
,
<
.
=
~
‘
;
:
‘
“
[
{
]
}
\
|
>
/
?
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
29-AUG-2011
10:55:1
----------------------------SECURITY CONFIGURATION--------------------------------------PASSWORD CONFIGURATION
1. Minimum Length
: 6
2. Minimum Alpha Characters
: 0
3. Minimum Numeric Characters
: 0
4. Minimum Punctuation Characters
: 0
5. Maximum Consecutive Character Types : 0
6. Maximum Same Character
: 0
7. Allow username in password
: Enabled
8. Password Expiration Time
: 0
9. Password Reuse Count
: 0
LOCKOUT/LOGOUT CONFIGURATION
10. Lockout After Failed Attempts
: 0
11. Lockout Type
: Hard
Lockout time
: 0
12. Display Lockout Message
: Disabled
13. Lockout Message
: Account has been locked out
14. Lockout Craft Port
: Disabled
15. Inactivity Logout time (mins)
: 0
Select [1-15]:
Figure 3-18 Security Configuration screen
30
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Security Configuration
5. Maximum Consecutive Character Types The number of alpha, numeric, or
punctuation characters that can be used consecutively. Enter a value from 1 through 15.
6. Maximum Same Character The maximum number of times that any character may be
repeated within the password. This includes alpha, numeric or punctuation character
types. Enter a value between 0 and 15.
7. Allow Username In Password Determines if the user’s account name can be within any
part of the password. Press the Space bar to select Enabled or Disabled.
8. Password Expiration Time The number of days until the password expires and a new
one is required. Enter a value between 1 and 365. A setting of 0 disables this feature.
If the password expires, the Supervisor will have to reset the password. If the Supervisor
password has expired the 9145ELB NID will have to sent to Canoga Perkins Technical
Support to be reset.
9. Password Reuse Count The number of password expirations a user must wait until a
password can be reused. When set to 0, the user can reuse their current password with
no count limitation. When set to 1, a password can be reused after one password reset.
3.2.2 Lockout/Logout Configuration
Select the Lockout/Logout Configuration item you want to change by typing the corresponding
number. Press Enter to close the editing function and then press Esc to return to the System
Configuration screen.
10. Lockout After Failed Attempts The number of attempts a user may make before the
account becomes disabled. The Lockout Type field controls the lockout behaviors. Enter
a value between 1 and 15. A setting of 0 will disable this feature.
11. Lockout Type The options are Hard or Timed. Timed requires the user to wait a
specified number of minutes before a retry. Hard requires the System Administrator to
unlock the account. Press the Space bar to select Timed or Hard.
Lockout Time The number of minutes that a user must wait before a retry. Enter a value
between 0 and 30.
12. Display Lockout Message Specifies if a message will be displayed when an account
has been locked. Refer to the Lockout Message in option 13. Press the Space bar to
select Enabled or Disabled.
13. Lockout Message The text to be displayed if option 12 is Enabled. The message should
be customized to list the person to contact in case an account is disabled. Enter a text
message of up to 30 characters.
14. Lockout Craft Port Specifies whether the RS-232 serial port interface on the device
should be locked to prevent using the serial interface to access the system. Press the
Space bar to select Enabled or Disabled.
15. Inactivity Logout Time The number of minutes of inactivity before a user is
automatically logged out. Enter a value between 1 and 30. A setting of 0 will disable this
feature.
31
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
Account Configuration
3.3 Account Configuration
Use the Account Configuration screen to add new user accounts, edit existing accounts, or
delete accounts. There must be at least one Supervisor account. The 9145ELB NID allows up to
24 user accounts. Four telnet sessions may take place at the same time. Only one FTP session
may take place at any time.
NOTE: Any action that affects the network configuration of the 9145ELB (for example, changing
the IP address) will disconnect all telnet sessions.
From the System Configuration menu, select Account Configuration (4). The Account
Configuration screen (Figure 3-19) opens.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:1
--------------------------ACCOUNT CONFIGURATION-------------------------------Account
Access
Access
Locked
Username
State
From
Level
Description
Out
admin
Obs
Ope
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
UI/SNMPv3
UI/SNMPv3
UI/SNMPv3
Supervisor
Observer
Operator
Default Account
New Account
new account
No
No
No
Select [(A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit, (M)ore]:
-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-19 Account Configuration screen
1. Username The name of the new account you wish to add to the user list.
2. Account State Whether the account is enabled or disabled.
3. Access From Determines how the user can access this account.
4. Access Level The security level required to access this account.
5. Description The account type.
6. Locked Out Whether the Supervisor has locked the user out of the system.
32
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Account Configuration
3.3.1 Three Levels of Security
A three-level security system on the 9145ELB controls all user interface and SNMPv3 access.
Most Service Provider management networks provision certain access levels to technicians,
network administrators, and managers. Offering tiered management access to network elements
allows Service Providers to protect their network against unauthorized access and
misconfigurations.
All 9145ELB features require a certain access level in order for users to gain access to the
feature. The logged in user or SNMPv3 manager’s access level is used to validate and control
access to the 9145ELB features. When accessing a menu item or an SNMP object the user’s
access level is checked against the access level required for the feature. If the user’s access
level is sufficient, then the access is granted. If the user’s access level is not sufficient, an error
message is displayed in the status area or an SNMP error is returned.
The three access levels are supervisor, operator, and observer.
In the default configuration, the supervisor access level is allowed complete access to all
9145ELB features including configuring the security system. The operator access level is allowed
access to the 9145ELB features except those relating to the 9145ELB’s security system. This
level can be configurable by the administrator.
The observer access level is allowed access to the 9145ELB features that do not modify the
9145ELB’s configuration. This level can be configurable by the administrator.
3.3.2 Feature Access Level Configuration
The assignment of access levels has a default configuration built into the 9145ELB. Creating and
downloading a text file called 9145e.cap to the 9145ELB can change this assignment, however.
This file contains mappings between module features and the access level required to access
the feature. For example, the entry that controls access to the Maximum Frame Size setting
looks like the following:
maxFrameSize=operator
This entry indicates that to change the Maximum Frame Size, a user’s account must have
operator access level or greater.
The 9145e.cap file is downloaded to the 9145ELB via the normal FTP/SFTP/TFTP in the same
manner as downloading a firmware file to the 9145ELB. The same file may be downloaded to
multiple 9145ELB's to ensure that each is following the same security rules.
3.3.3 Add or Edit an Account
To add an account, from the Account Configuration screen (Figure 3-19), type A and press Enter.
The Edit User Account screen (Figure 3-20) opens with all fields empty. When you have entered
the account information, press Esc to return to the Account Configuration screen.
To edit an account, type E and press the Space bar to select an account. The Edit User Account
screen (Figure 3-20) opens.
33
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
Account Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
29-AUG-2011
10:55:1
----------------------------EDIT USER ACCOUNT-------------------------------------Username
: Obs
1. Account State
: Enabled
2. Access From
: UI/SNMPv3
3. Access Level
: Observer
4. Description
: New Account
5. UI Password
: ***************
6. UI Password Expires
: No
UI Password Expires in (days) : 0
7. Allow UI Lockout Of User
: Yes
8. Allow UI Logout Of User
: Yes
9. UI Login Locked State
: Unlocked
10.SNMPv3 Authentication Protocol : None
11.SNMPv3 Authentication Password : N/A
SNMPv3 Authentication Key
: N/A
12.SNMPv3 Privacy Protocol
: None
13.SNMPv3 Privacy Password
: N/A
SNMPv3 Privacy Key
: N/A
Select [1-13]:
-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------------
Figure 3-20 Edit User Account screen
Username The name of the new account you wish to add to the user list. Enter a name of up to
10 characters.
1. Account State Specifies whether the account is active. Press the Space bar to select
Enabled or Disabled.
2. Access From Determines how the user can access this account. Press the Space bar to
select between UI, SNMPv3, and UI/SNMPv3.
3. Access Level Specifies the security level granted when you log in with this account.
Press the Space bar to select Observer, Operator, or Supervisor.
4. Description Term used to describe the account type. Enter descriptive text up to 17
characters.
5. UI Password A password is only required if Access From is set to UI or UI/SNMPv3.
Type the desired password and press Enter. Reenter the password. Passwords are
limited to 15 characters.
6. UI Password Expires Determines whether the password will expire and required to be
changed. Press the Space bar to select Yes or No.
Password Expires in (days) Establishes the number of days each password can be
used before a new password is required. Enter a number between 1 and 365. A setting of
0 will require a new password each time the account is opened.
7. Allow UI Lockout Of User Gives Supervisors the ability to lock users out of the system.
Press the Space bar to select Yes or No.
34
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Account Configuration
8. Allow UI Logout Of User Gives Supervisors the ability to log users off the system. Press
the Space bar to select Yes or No.
9. UI Login Locked State Determines the current state of the UI Login. Press the Space
bar to select Locked or Unlocked.
10. SNMPv3 Authentication Protocol Sets the authentication protocol for SNMPv3 access.
Press the Space bar to select None, MD5, or SHA.
11. SNMPv3 Authentication Password Used to enter the SNMPv3 authentication
password. This password is not stored. It is used to generate the SNMPv3 authentication
key. Type the desired password and press Enter. Reenter the password. The password is
required to be between 8 and 15 characters. This field will be passed over if the SNMPv3
authentication protocol is set to None.
SNMPv3 Authentication Key Displays the computed SNMPv3 authentication key. This
is a field that is shared with an SNMPv3 management application to allow authenticated
protocol exchanges.
12. SNMPv3 Privacy Protocol The privacy protocol used for SNMPv3 access. Press the
Space bar to select None or DES.
13. SNMPv3 Privacy Password Used to enter the SNMPv3 privacy password. This
password is not stored. It is used to generate the SNMPv3 privacy key. Type the desired
password and press Enter. Reenter the password. The password is required to be
between 8 and 15 characters. This field will be passed over if the SNMPv3 Privacy
Protocol is set to None.
SNMPv3 Privacy Key Displays the computed SNMPv3 privacy key. This is a field that
must be shared with an SNMPv3 management application to allow private SNMPv3
protocol exchanges.
3.3.4 Delete an Account
NOTE: An account cannot be deleted while the user is logged in. In addition, you cannot delete
the last supervisor account.
Before attempting to delete an account make sure the user is logged out. Use the following
procedure to delete an account.
1. To delete an account, from the Account Configuration screen (Figure 3-19), type D and
press Enter. The first User Account will be highlighted.
2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the user names to select the account. Press Enter
to delete the highlighted account.
3. When deletions are completed, press Esc to return to the System Configuration menu.
35
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
System Information
3.4 System Information
The System Information screen is used to add or edit administrative and circuit information, such
as the name of the 9145ELB, contact, location, customer, circuit, equipment codes and Common
Language Equipment Identification (CLEI) information.
System Name, Contact, and Location are the same as the MIB-II variables sysName,
sysLocation, sysContact.
1. From the System Configuration menu, select System Information (5) and press Enter.
The System Information screen (Figure 3-21) opens.
2. Type the number of the parameter to enter information about, then press Enter.
3. Type new information or edit existing information and press Enter.
4. To return to the Main Menu, press Esc. Press Esc again to return to the System
Configuration menu.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:1
------------------------------SYSTEM INFORMATION------------------------------1 System Name
: Canoga 9145ELB 32 device
2. Contact
: Contact
3. Location
: Canada
4. Customer
: MyCustomerName
5. Information
: Information1
: Information2
6. Circuits
: Circuits1
: Circuits2
7. Service Code
: 1234567890
8. Date-in-Service
: 03/04/2010
9. Date-Out-of-Service : 03/01/2010
10. Equipment Type
: Test Equip
11. Equipment Code
: 1234567890
12. Vendor
: Canoga Perkins
13. CLEI
: 1234567890
14. Mfg Date
: 01/01/2010
Select [1-14]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-21 System Information screen
1. System Name The system name can be up to 25 characters long. It is displayed in the
header under Ethernet Network Interface Device. If you are running multiple telnet
sessions, you will be able to identify the NID you are viewing.
2. Contact Maximum of 25 characters.
36
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
RADIUS Client
3. Location Maximum of 25 characters.
4. Customer Maximum of 25 characters.
5. Information Two lines, maximum of 40 characters each.
6. Circuits Two lines, maximum of 25 characters each.
7. Service Code Maximum of 10 characters.
8. Date-in-Service The date when the 9145ELB was placed into service.
9. Date-Out-of-Service The date when the 9145ELB was last taken out of service.
10. Equipment Type Maximum of 10 characters.
11. Equipment Code Maximum of 10 characters.
12. Vendor Maximum of 25 characters.
13. CLEI Common Language Equipment Identification (CLEI) up to 10 characters.
14. Mfg Date An editable date field in the form [mm/dd/yyyy].
3.5 RADIUS Client
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) software support is provided for User
Authentication.
RADIUS provides the ability to have user interface accounts to be maintained and authenticated
by a RADIUS server. The RADIUS server also maintains user account information:
•
AccessFrom Where the account can be used.
•
AccessLevel The security access level for the user.
•
Description The account description.
•
LogoutUser Whether the user can be forcefully logged out.
When a user enters a username and password and RADIUS has been configured, the username
and password is sent to the RADIUS server and is validated there. If valid, then the RADIUS
server sends an accept message along with the above account information and the 9145ELB
RADIUS client allows the user in with this configuration.
The RADIUS server may send a reject message in which case the user is not logged in. The
RADIUS server may also send a challenge message if it has been configured to do so in which
case the user is prompted for additional authentication information at which time the RADIUS
server will then send an accept or reject message.
3.5.1 RADIUS client configuration
Up to two RADIUS servers can be configured. The RADIUS server that is consulted is
determined by the server priority. The server with the lowest priority number is consulted first. If it
does not respond, then the other RADIUS server is consulted (if configured). If both servers are
configured with the same priority then a round-robin access is used; first one RADIUS server will
be consulted and the next request will be sent to the other RADIUS server first. The server
priorities are relative. That is, you could configure one server with priority 10 and the other with
20. The values of the numbers do not matter, just the relative values of the numbers (in this case
10 being less than 20). This is done to allow you to easily change the server priorities without
having to edit both entries. If you had configured the servers with 10 and 20, you could make the
37
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
RADIUS Client
server with 20 have higher priority simply by changing its priority to 5; no need to change the one
with 10. The RADIUS Client Configuration Client screen is shown in Figure 3-22.
1. RADIUS Client Mode Options: RADIUS then Local, Local then RADIUS, or None
2. RADIUS then Local When a user tries to log in, the username and password is passed to
the configured Primary RADIUS Server first for authentication. If there is no connectivity
to the Primary RADIUS Server, the RADIUS Client attempts to authenticate the login
request on the Secondary RADIUS Server. If there is no connectivity to the Secondary
RADIUS Server, the 9145ELB can then use the local database.
3. Local then RADIUS says that when a user tries to log in, the local user accounts
database is consulted to try to authenticate the user. If the user cannot be authenticated
by the local accounts database, then the RADIUS Server is consulted to authenticate the
user.
4. None says that the RADIUS server is never used and all user access is authenticated by
the local user accounts database.
5. RADIUS Server IP Address The IP address of the RADIUS server. If 0.0.0.0 then this
server configuration will not be used.
6. RADIUS Server Shared Secret 16-character secret shared by the RADIUS server and
the RADIUS client to encrypt sensitive RADIUS traffic on the wire. The value entered
here must match what is configured into the RADIUS server.
7. RADIUS Server Retries The number of attempts to authenticate a user using this
RADIUS server before giving up or using the alternate RADIUS server if configured. 0 10
8. RADIUS Server Timeout The time in seconds (1-30) before assuming that the RADIUS
server did not reply and retrying a request if so configured.
9. RADIUS Server Priority The RADIUS server priority in relation to the alternate RADIUS
server if configured. The server with the lower priority will be consulted first to
authenticate a user. Servers with the same priority operate in a round-robin fashion
alternating requests to each server.
38
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
SNTP Client Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:1
-------------------------RADIUS CLIENT CONFIGURATION--------------------------1. RADIUS Client
2. RADIUS Server
RADIUS Server
RADIUS Server
RADIUS Server
RADIUS Server
3. RADIUS Server
RADIUS Server
RADIUS Server
RADIUS Server
RADIUS Server
Mode
:
IP Address
:
Shared Secret:
Retries
:
Timeout
:
Priority
:
IP Address
:
Shared Secret:
Retries
:
Timeout
:
Priority
:
None
0.0.0.0
3
5
1
0.0.0.0
3
5
1
Select [1-3]:
-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-22 RADIUS Client Configuration screen
3.6 SNTP Client Configuration
Use the SNTP (Simple Network Time Protocol) Client Configuration screen to configure the
9145ELB to use a primary and secondary SNTP Server to automatically set the date and time.
An accurate date and time in the 9145ELB assures accuracy for events listed in the System Log
and for traps and alarms sent to the system administrator. You can choose either of two methods
for setting the date and time, depending on your access to an external network and your need for
accuracy.
•
For accuracy within a large network, you can set up the 9145ELB to synchronize the system date and time to an SNTP server.
•
The time and date can be set manually. See “Set Date and Time” on page 78 for more
information.
To configure SNTP, select SNTP Client Configuration (7) from the System Configuration menu
and press Enter. The Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) Client Configuration screen (Figure
3-23) opens.
On the SNTP client Configuration screen, type the number of the SNTP setting to change and
then press Enter.
Press the Space bar to view settings, and press Enter.
1. SNTP Client UTC Offset (hours) The difference, in hours, between the local time of the
9145ELB and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), which is similar to Greenwich Mean
Time (GMT); Range is -12 to 12
39
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
SNTP Client Configuration
2. SNTP Client Observe DST Enables/Disables Daylight Savings Time (Summer Time)
and the date and time it starts and ends.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
29-AUG-2011
10:55:1
-------------------------SNTP CLIENT CONFIGURATION--------------------------------1. SNTP Client UTC Offset (hours)
: 0
2. SNTP Client Observe DST
: Disabled
SNTP Client DST Starts At
: 01/01/2010 00:00
SNTP Client DST Ends At
: 01/01/2010 00:01
3. SNTP Client Sync Interval (minutes): 5
4. SNTP Client Delay Time (seconds)
: 0
5. SNTP
SNTP
SNTP
SNTP
6. SNTP
SNTP
SNTP
SNTP
Server
Server
Server
Server
Server
Server
Server
Server
IP Address 1
Retries 1
Timeout 1 (seconds)
Priority 1
IP Address 2
Retries 2
Timeout 2 (seconds)
Priority 2
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0.0.0.0
3
5
1
0.0.0.0
3
5
1
Select [1-6]:
-----------------------------------Messages---------------------------------------
Figure 3-23 SNTP Client Configuration screen
3. SNTP Client Sync Interval (minutes) How often, in minutes, the 9145ELB tries to
synchronize its time to the SNTP server; Range is 0 (attempt to synchronize at bootup,
only) to 1440 (once daily).
4. SNTP Client Delay Time (seconds) The delay for the initial SNTP request. If not zero,
the request will be sent at a random interval within the delay time. This is used to prevent
multiple NID requests at the same time in the event that all NIDs power down and power
up at the same time.
5. SNTP Server IP Address Two SNTP servers can be configured.
•
IP Address: The address for the SNTP server. IP address 0.0.0.0 indicates no
server.
•
Retries: How many times the 9145ELB tries to synchronize before trying the alternate server. Range is 0 to 10
•
Timeout (seconds): Wait period between unsuccessful attempts. Range is 1 to 30
•
Priority: The server to contact first. Range is 1 to 255 with 1 the highest priority
and 255 the lowest. If the priority is the same for the two servers, the 9145ELB
alternates tries between the servers.
When entries are completed, press Esc to return to the System Configuration menu.
40
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
SYSLOG Client Configuration
3.7 SYSLOG Client Configuration
Use the SYSLOG Client Configuration screen to configure the 9145ELB to send log messages to
a SYSLOG Server. From the System Configuration menu, select SYSLOG Client Configuration
(8) and press Enter. The SYSLOG Client Configuration screen (Figure 3-24) opens.
On the SYSLOG Client Configuration screen, type the number of the SYSLOG setting to change
and press Enter. Press Esc to return to the System Configuration menu.
Syslog Server IP Address Configure the IP address of the Syslog server. Two Syslog servers
can be configured.
Syslog Server Port Configure the Syslog Server port. The standard syslog port is 514. The port
setting should match with the Syslog server UDP port setting (1 - 65535).
Syslog Server Mask Define the level of severity of the messages to be sent. There are eight (8)
levels of severity as defined in RFC 3164. The 9145ELB will send all messages with severity
level equal to or greater than this setting. The severity levels from highest to lowest are:
•
Emergency System is unusable.
•
Alert Action must be taken immediately.
•
Critical Critical Condition.
•
Error Error Condition.
•
Warning Warning Condition.
•
Notice Normal but significant condition.
•
Informational Informational messages
•
Debug Debug level messages. If you specify Debug, then all messages about the
9145ELB are sent. If you specify Error, all errors that are Emergency, Alert, and Critical
are sent.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:1
-------------------------SYSLOG CLIENT CONFIGURATION---------------------------
1. Syslog Server IP Address : 000.000.000.000
Syslog Server Port
: 514
Syslog Server Mask
: Debug
2. Syslog Server IP Address : 000.000.000.000
Syslog Server Port
: 514
Syslog Server Mask
: Debug
Select [1-2]:
----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 3-24 SYSLOG Client Configuration screen
41
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
Hardware Information
3.8 Hardware Information
The Hardware Information screen displays the model number, hardware revision level, serial
number, power supplies, and port information for the sixteen 9145ELB User Ports and two 10G
ports.
From the System Configuration menu, select Hardware Information (9) and press Enter. The
Hardware Information screen (Figure 3-25) opens.
To display more User Ports (Figure 3-26), type N and press Enter.
To go to a particular port, type G and press Enter. You are prompted to enter a port number in the
form: U1-16, 10G1, or 10G2.
NOTE: Parameters and values cannot be changed in this screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
Model 9145ELB-B83-0 V04.01
10:55:1
-----------------------------------HARDWARE INFORMATION---------Display 1 of 6NID Model Number
NID Hardware Rev.
NID Serial Number
SFP Information
Model Number
Wavelength
Connector Type
Data Rate
Maximum Line Length
Maximum Loss Budget
MAC address
Power Supply A
9145ELB-971-4-0
A1
20110501177
User Port 1
SFP1-0045
850nm MM
Duplex LC
1000Mbps
N/A
N/A
00:40:2A:04:E5:83
AC 120/240
Module Model Number 9420-302 10G
Module Hardware Rev. A1
Module Serial Number 20110501242
User Port 2
SFP1-0045
81310nm SM
Duplex LC
1000Mbps
N/A
10dB
00:40:2A:04:E5:84
Fan Module
User Port 3
SFP1-0045
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
00:40:2A:04:E5:85
Fans/4
Select [(N)ext, (G)oto], ESC to return to previous screen
----------------------------------Messages-------------------------------------
Figure 3-25 Hardware Information screen - 1 of 6
42
System Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Hardware Information
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
Model 9145ELB-B83-0 V04.01
11:27:03
----------------------------------HARDWARE INFORMATION-----------Display 2 of 6
NID Model Number
NID Hardware Rev.
NID Serial Number
9145ELB-B83-M-0
A1
20111008566
Module Model Number 9420-302 10G
Module Hardware Rev. A1
Module Serial Number 20110508246
SFP Information
Model Number
Wavelength
Connector Type
Data Rate
Maximum Line Length
Maximum Loss Budget
MAC address
User Port 16
SFP1-2221
1310nm SM
Duplex LC
1000Mbps
N/A
10dB
00:40:2A:00:00:06
NET Port 1
SFP+1-0122
850nm MM
Duplex LC
1000Mbps
300m
N/A
00:40:2A:00:00:07
Power Supply A
Power Supply B
48V
N/A
Fan Module
User Port 10G2
SFP+1-0122
850nm MM
Duplex LC
1000Mbps
300m
N/A
00:40:2A:00:00:08
Not Installed
Select [(N)ext, (P)rev, (G)oto]:
----------------------------------Messages------------------------------------
Figure 3-26 Hardware Information screen - 2 of 6
Selecting Next or Prev will display User Ports 1 through 16, 10G-1, and 10G-2. SFPs will be
detected for the 10G ports, even if one 10G port is disabled.
To go to a particular port, type G and press Enter. You are prompted to enter a port number in the
form: U1-16, 10G1, or 10G2.
43
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Configuration
Hardware Information
44
Diagnostics
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Chapter 4
Diagnostics
4.0 Diagnostic Functions
From the Main Menu (Figure 2-3), select (2) Diagnostics menu. The Diagnostics menu (Figure 41) opens. The Diagnostics functions to set up loopback, latency and jitter testing, cable
diagnostics, and PING tests are configured and initiated here. The following sections describe
each item on the Diagnostics menu.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------------------DIAGNOSTICS----------------------------------
1)
2)
3)
4)
Loopback Setup
Latency/Jitter Test
PING Generation
Cable Diagnostics
Select [1-4]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 4-1 Diagnostics Menu
45
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Diagnostics
Loopback Setup
4.1 Loopback Setup
The Loopback Setup screen is used to configure and initiate loopback diagnostics. Packets sent
to the 9145ELB with a destination MAC address equal to the Loop Test MAC address will be
looped back by the 9145ELB Port that has been placed into loopback mode. Packets received
with any other destination MAC address will be discarded. The 9145ELB can be configured to
swap source and destination MAC addresses of the test packets and to recalculate the CRC of
the packet after the MAC addresses are swapped, so the packet that has been looped back can
successfully be switched through the network back to the equipment that originated the test.
Loopback can be enabled only on one port at a time. Loopback must be cleared before placing
another port into loopback mode.
Figure 4-2 Proprietary MAC Loopback
To configure Loopback, on the Diagnostics menu, type 1 and press Enter. The Ethernet
Loopback Setup screen (Figure 4-3) opens.
46
Diagnostics
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Loopback Setup
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-B83-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------- ETHERNET LOOPBACK SETUP------------------------------
Loop Test MAC Address:
00 40 2A 01 EE 11
1) Loopback State
10G Port 1 Loopback
2) Swap MAC Address
at Loopback Point?
Yes
3) Recalculate CRC
at Loopback Point?
Yes
Select [1-3]:
-----------------------------------------------------Messages--------------------------------------------------Figure 4-3 Ethernet Loopback Setup screen
1. To select a port, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select a setting and then
press Enter. Settings include loopback for each of the 16 User Ports and two 10G ports,
and Clear Loopback.
NOTE: When 10G2 UNI is enabled, User Ports 9-16 are disabled and you will not be able to set
a loopback state on those ports.
2. Continue to modify the settings as required. To return to the Diagnostics menu, press
Esc.
47
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Diagnostics
Latency/Jitter Test
4.2 Latency/Jitter Test
The Latency/Jitter Test screen is used to initiate tests that measure frame delay, inter-frame
delay variation, and frame loss from the local 9145ELB to a remote 9145ELB or other IP agent.
At the Diagnostics menu, type 2 and press Enter. The Latency/Jitter Test screen (Figure 4-4)
opens.
The 9145ELB can be used to generate synthetic test traffic in order to measure frame delay,
inter-frame delay variation and frame loss. A test packet is a standard ICMP Echo Request
packet (RFC 792), with the data area containing fields for proprietary information. If the network
element responding to the Echo Request with an Echo Reply packet is a Canoga Perkins NID, it
can insert some information in the proprietary fields in the data area of the packet. If it is not a
Canoga Perkins NID, the packet will not get discarded, as it is standard ICMP. It will still get
responded to by the non-Canoga network element; however, it will contain less information
important for the Latency/Jitter test results.
Beneath the Maximum Latency and Maximum Jitter test results are the Far End P-Bit Sent/Rcvd,
Local P-Bit Sent/Rcvd, Far End DSCP Sent/Rcvd, and Local DSCP Sent/Rcvd values. This data
is used to determine if the programmed Packet Priority or DSCP was changed during the Round
Trip between the local 9145ELB and the destination 9145ELB (far end). Only a 9145, 9145E,
9145EMP, 9145ELB or 9145ELB device at the destination can provide the Far End PBit/DSCP
function.
The unidirectional path (Local to Far End or Far End to Local) on which the P-Bit remarking or
DSCP change is occurring will be identified. It is assumed that each Latency/Jitter test that is
initiated will take a particular path, so each round trip overwrites the previous round trip values.
The following values appear at the top of the screen (Figure 4-4):
Test IP Addr/VLAN The destination IP address and VLAN for the currently test or the last test
completed.
Round Trip Packets Number of completed round trips.
Test Duration The length of time the test has been running, or the length of the last test run.
Dropped Packets Number of packets sent which received no response.
Minimum Latency (ms) Time in ms for the shortest round trip.
Minimum Jitter (ms) Smallest absolute time difference between two consecutive round trips.
Average Latency (ms) Computed by adding all the round trip latencies and dividing by the
number of completed round trips.
Average Jitter (ms) Computed by adding all the absolute time differences between successive
round trips and dividing by the number of completed round trips minus 1.
Maximum Latency (ms) The highest time interval for a successful round trip.
Maximum Jitter (ms) The highest absolute time difference between two consecutive successful
round trips.
Far End PBit Sent The programmed priority value entered.
Far End PBit Rcvd The priority as it was received at the destination 9145ELB.
Local PBit Sent The programmed priority value is put back into the packet at the far end for the
return trip.
48
Diagnostics
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Latency/Jitter Test
Local PBit Rcvd The priority as it was received at the end of the Round Trip.
Far End DSCP Sent This is the configured DSCP.
Far End DSCP Rcvd The DSCP that was received at the destination 9145ELB.
Local DSCP Sent The configured DSCP value is put back into the packet at the far end for the
return trip.
Local DSCP Rcvd This is the DSCP that was received at the end of the Round Trip.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------------------------LATENCY/JITTER TEST---------------------------Test IP Addr
10.10.12.1
Test VLAN IDs C/T/S
0
/0
/0
Test Duration
00:00
Minimum Latency (ms) 0.000000
Average Latency (ms) 0.000000
Maximum Latency (ms) 0.000000
Far PBit Sent 0/Local Rcvd ?
Far DSCP Sent 0/Local Rcvd ?
Round Trip Packets
0
Dropped Packets
0
Minimum Jitter (ms) 0.000000
Average Jitter (ms) 0.000000
Maximum Jitter (ms) 0.000000
Local PBit Sent ?/Far Rcvd ?
Local DSCP Sent ?/Far Rcvd ?
1)
2)
3)
4)
To IP Addr
10.10.12.1
5) Packet Timeout sec (1-10) 3
From IP Addr Aux IP 10.0.13.122
6) Packet Priority (0-7)
0
Test VLANs C/T/S
0 / 0 / 0
7) Packet DSCP Code (0-63)
0
Test Packets Per Sec
1
8) Packet DF Bit
Clear
9) Test Duration min:sec (0=forever) 0
10) Min Test Payload Size (40 - 9950) 40
11) Max Test Payload Size (40 - 9950) 40
12) Start/Stop Test
Select [1-12]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 4-4 Latency/Jitter Test screen
Type the number of the function you wish to change, and press Enter. Once the settings have
been entered, type 13 and press Enter to begin or end testing. Press Esc to return to the
Diagnostics menu. Configuration items are as follows:
1. To IP Address The remote NID's Test IP Address or the IP Address of the network
element to be tested IP Address.
2. From IP Address The IP address that the 9145ELB will use in the IP Source Address
field of the test packets. Press the Space bar to scroll through Auto Selection,
Management IP, Test IP, and Aux IP.
The Auto Selection setting will start first with the Test IP. If the To IP Address is in the Test
Network Subnet, the Test IP will be used in the packet. If the Test IP is not available or the
To IP Address is not in the Test Network Subnet, the Aux IP is checked. If the Aux IP is
not available or the To IP Address is not the Aux Network Subnet, the Manager IP is
49
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Diagnostics
Latency/Jitter Test
used. Any address can be used with the Manager IP since it has access to the Default
Gateway.
If the From IP Address is specified as the Test IP or the Aux IP, and the To IP Address is
not located in the matching subnet, the destination is unreachable. An error message is
displayed when the Start Test command is given.
3. Test VLANs Test packets carry this sequence of VLAN Tags. If one specific tag is set to
0, it is not included in the frame. For example, 100/ 0/ 20 identifies a double tagged frame
(S-C tagged), in which the T-Tag is not present.
The Test VLAN can only be changed if
•
The source IP address (attribute 2) is the Test IP address of the system. In this
case only the C-VLAN is configurable.
•
The source IP address (attribute 3) is the Aux IP address of the system, and the
AUX IP configuration has the “Allow all VLANs” flag enabled. In this case all the
VLANs for which the encapsulation is enabled can be configured.
4. Test Packets per sec The number of packets per second that will be generated by the
test. Settings are: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 or 100.
5. Packet Timeout sec (1 - 10) The packet timeout for this test, from 1 to 10 seconds. If a
response is not received within this time limit, the packet will be considered lost.
6. Packet Priority The Packet Priority Code Point (PCP) from 0 to 7, with 0 being the lowest
priority.
7. Packet DSCP Code (0 - 63) The Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) code used
to classify packets in a Diffserv network. Other network devices that support Diffserv use
the DSCP code in the IP header to select a per hop behavior (PHB) for the packet and
provide the appropriate QoS treatment.
8. Packet DF Bit The DF (Don’t Fragment) Bit is an identifier in the packet that determines
if this packet can be fragmented to smaller packets.
9. Test Duration min:sec The amount of time the test will run in minutes and seconds. A
setting of 0 will allow the test to run forever.
10. Min Test Payload Size (40 - 9950) The minimum test size, in bytes. The 9145ELB sends
test packets ranging in size from the minimum packet setting to the maximum packet
setting (sweep), if they are different. The minimum payload size must be less than, or
equal to, the maximum payload size. If a sweep is being performed, the size will be
incremented by 1 byte for each message sent until the maximum test payload size is
reached, then decremented by 1 byte for each message sent until the minimum payload
size is reached, then repeated as necessary.
11. Max Test Payload (40 - 9950) The maximum test payload size, in bytes. The maximum
payload size must be equal to, or greater than, the minimum payload size.
NOTE: If the DF Bit is clear, the actual maximum packet size is 8192. The DF Bit must be set for
oversized packets greater than 1518 (payload size greater than 1472) to be sent or the packet
will be fragmented (sent as multiple packets of size 1518).
12. Start/Stop Test Start and Stop testing.
50
Diagnostics
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
PING Generation
4.3 PING Generation
The PING Generation screen (also available from the Utility menu) is used to determine if a
destination is reachable from the NID. From the Diagnostics menu, type 3 and press Enter. The
PING Generation screen (Figure 4-5) opens.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------------PING GENERATION---------------------------------
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
Ping to Address
:
Ping from Address
:
Ping Count
:
Ping C-VLAN ID
:
Ping T-VLAN ID
:
Ping S-VLAN ID
:
Ping Payload Size (40 - 9950) :
Ping DF Bit
:
Start Pinging
0.0.0.0
Auto Selection
0
0
0
0
40
Clear
Select [1-9]
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 4-5 PING Generation screen
1. To enter a Ping to address, on the PING Generation screen, type 1 and press Enter. Type
the destination IP address and press Enter.
2. To change the Ping from Address, type 2 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select
Test IP (if available), Mgr IP, Aux IP, or Auto Selection, and then press Enter. The Auto
Selection setting will attempt to use the Test IP first.
If the Ping to Address is in the Test Network Subnet, the Test IP will be used in the ping
packet. If the Test IP is not available or the Ping to Address is not in the Test Network
Subnet, the Aux IP is checked. If the Aux IP is not available or the Ping to Address is not
the Aux Network Subnet, the Manager IP is used. Any address can be used with the Manager IP since it has access to the Default Gateway.
If the Ping from Address is specified as the Test IP or the Aux IP, and the Ping to Address
is not located in the matching subnet, the destination is unreachable. An error message is
displayed when the Start Pinging command is given.
3. To enter a Ping Count, type 3 and press Enter. Type a value from 1 to 255 (0 = forever).
and press Enter.
4. To enter the Ping C-VLAN ID, type 4 and press Enter. You can configure this setting if the
Ping from Address is the Test IP, the Management IP, or the AUX IP, and the AUX IP
configuration has the “Allow all VLANs” flag enabled.
5. To enter the Ping T-VLAN ID, type 5 and press Enter. You can configure this setting only
if the source address (Attribute 2) is Test IP, or AUX IP, and the AUX IP configuration has
the “Allow all VLANs” flag enabled.
51
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Diagnostics
PING Generation
6. To enter the Ping S-VLAN ID, type 6 and press Enter. You can configure this setting only
if the source address (Attribute 2) is Test IP, or Aux IP, and the Aux IP configuration has
the “Allow all VLANs” flag enabled.
7. To enter the Ping Payload Size, type 7 and press Enter. Type a value between 40 and
9950. To send packets greater than 1518 (payload size greater than 1472), the DF (Don't
Fragment) bit must be set or the packet will be fragmented (sent as multiple packets of
size 1518).
8. To change the Ping DF Bit setting, type 8 and press Enter.
9. When you are finished entering values, type 9 to start pinging and press Enter. The PING
test starts (Figure 4-6).
10. When the test is complete, press Esc to return to the PING Generation screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------------PING GENERATION--------------------------------PING in progress
Ping Address
Ping Count
Ping VLAN Info
: 0.0.0.0
: 0
: C-VLAN ID: 100,
T-VLAN ID: 200,
S-VLAN ID: 300
Pinging 0.0.0.0 from 192.168.92.34 with 40 bytes.
Request timed out, Seq #0
Request timed out, Seq #1
Request timed out, Seq #2
Request timed out, Seq #3
7 packets transmitted, 0 packets received, 100.000% packet loss
round-trip (No round-trip packets received)
Press Escape to continue...
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 4-6 PING Generation - In Progress screen
52
Diagnostics
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Cable Diagnostics
4.4 Cable Diagnostics
The cable diagnostics function provides UTP cable testing. Its function is to determine the UTP
cable status and can provide a very useful physical link troubleshooting tool.
•
When the cable is OK, cable diagnostics indicates the length of the cable.
•
When there is a problem, cable diagnostics indicates how far from the interface connection the fault is and information about the fault.
To access the Cable Diagnostics screen, from the Diagnostics menu, type 4 and press Enter.
The Cable Diagnostics screen (Figure 4-7) opens.
NOTE: The cable diagnostic test is for UTP User Ports only. The 10G ports use fiber-based
SFP+ interfaces.
To run the diagnostics test on the User Port, type the number of the port (1-16) and press Enter.
When the test is complete, press Esc to return to the Diagnostics menu.
NOTE: If you enter the number of a User Port that does not support cable diagnostics (for example, an SFP port) the following message is displayed “The port is not a UTP interface or not present.”
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-B83-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------------------------CABLE DIAGNOSTICS----------------------------Enter User Port [1-16]: 4
Interface: USR4
Pair
---1
2
3
4
State
----Open
Open
Open
Open
Length
---------89.91 <m> +/89.91 <m> +/88.27 <m> +/89.50 <m> +/-
5
5
5
5
<m>
<m>
<m>
<m>
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 4-7 Cable Diagnostics screen
NOTE: Distances shown on the Cable Diagnostics screen are accurate to within +/- 5 meters.
53
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Diagnostics
Cable Diagnostics
54
Port Information
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Chapter 5
Port Information
5.0 Port Description
The Port Information screen (Figure 5-1) provides a description and a graphic depiction of the
User, Network, and Management ports for the 9145ELB, with options to view parameters and
statistics for specific ports. The 9145ELB features a modular, field-installable Network Port. The
supported Network Port module is the Dual 10G Optical Ethernet.
.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
Model 9145ELB-B83-0 V04.01
01:27:03
--------------------------------PORT INFORMATION------------------------------____________________________________________________________________________
|
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___ | 9145ELB-B83-M-0 |
| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |
o pwr |
| |utp| |utp| |utp| |utp| |sfp| |sfp| |sfp| |sfp| |utp| |
o sta |
| |off| |dwn| |up | |up | |up | |off| |up | |up | |up | |
|
|
mgmt |
9420-302 |
|
2/1
4/3
6/5
8/7 10/9 12/11 14/13 16/15
|
|
|
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___ | ___ la
___ la |
| |off| |off| |off| |off| |off| |off| |off| |off| |
| | |up |o
|dwn|o |
| |utp| |utp| |utp| |utp| |sfp| |sfp| |sfp| |sfp| |
| | |sfp|o
|sfp|o |
| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| |o o| | | + |spd | + |spd|
|
la <<
USER PORTS
>> spd
eia-232| 10G1
10G2
|
|____________________________________________________________________________|
1) Link Status
2) Port Configuration
3) Network Side Forwarding Configuration
4) Layer 2 Statistics
5) RMON Group 1 Statistics
Select [1-5]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 5-1 Port Information screen
55
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Port Information
Link Status
5.1 Link Status
Link Status informs you of the current link status of the User, Network, and Management UTP
ports of the 9145ELB and provides information on User and Network Port SFP transmit (Tx) and
receive (Rx) power. This screen changes to reflect all 16 User Ports and two 10G ports.
The current active clock is shown on the Link Status screen.
From the Port Information screen (Figure 5-1), select Link Status (1) and press Enter. Press Esc
to return to the Port Information screen.
NOTE: The screen will change to reflect the 16 User Ports and two 10G ports on the device.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
9145ELB-B83-0 V04.01
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
01:27:03
----------------------------------LINK STATUS----------------------------------Port
----USR1
USR2
USR3
USR4
USR5
USR6
USR7
USR8
Speed/Dplx
---------1000M/Full
Down
Down
Down
Down
Down
Down
Down
Rx dbm
-----N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Tx dbm Trans
------ ----N/A
0
N/A
0
N/A
21
N/A
12
N/A
0
N/A
0
N/A
0
N/A
0
Port
----USR9
USR10
USR11
USR12
USR13
USR14
USR15
USR16
Speed/Dplx Rx dBm Tx dBm Trans
---------- ------- ------- ----1000M/Full -5.2
-6.1
2
Down
N/A
N/A
1
Down
N/A
N/A
17
100M Auto
N/A
N/A
11
100M/Full
N/A
N/A
0
Down
N/A
N/A
0
Down
N/A
N/A
0
Down
N/A
N/A
0
10G1
10G2
Down
Down
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
MGMT
Down
0
0
N/A
N/A
0
Select [(CTRL-R) Reset Link State Transition Counters]:
------------------------------------Messages---------------------------------------------
Figure 5-2 Link Status screen (Dual 10G Optical Ethernet Module)
56
Port Information
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Port Configuration
5.2 Port Configuration
Use the Port Configuration functions to obtain hardware information, or to view and modify the
functional configuration and manage the various port filters and port-level policers.
At the Port Information screen (Figure 5-1), select Port Configuration (2) and press Enter. The
Port Configuration screen (Figure 5-3) opens. The following sections describe the items on the
Port Configuration menu. Press Esc to return to the Port Information screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------------PORT CONFIGURATION-----------------------------1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Hardware Information
Port Config/Status
Port Filters
Flow Control
Maximum Frame Size
Link Loss Forwarding
: 10G2
: Disabled
: 10000
: Disabled
Select [1-6]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 5-3 Port Configuration screen
Flow Control Enables or disables flow control on the ports. Flow control is used for 9145ELBs
that have a speed mismatch between the user port and the network port and are attached to
equipment that can buffer overflow traffic. If Flow Control is enabled, the 9145ELB will begin to
transmit PAUSE frames when its buffers are half full. Press the Space bar to select User Ports
Enabled, Net Ports Enabled, All Ports Enabled, or Disabled.
Maximum Frame Size Sets the maximum allowable Ethernet Frame size that the 9145ELB will
forward for all ports. Frames exceeding the Maximum Frame Size will be counted as Oversize
Packets and will be discarded. Frames destined for the 9145ELB Manager are exempt from the
limit. Enter a Maximum Frame Size between 1518 and 10000. Note that an S-tag is added to
frames ingress to the user port, so the maximum size of frames ingress to the user port is 9996
since anything over 10000 is not transmitted.
57
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Port Information
Port Configuration
5.2.1 Hardware Information
The Hardware Information screen (Figure 5-4) provides 9145ELB hardware information such as
model number, hardware revision, and serial number for the 9145ELB.
To review hardware information, select Hardware Information (1) from the Port Configuration
menu and press Enter. This is an informational screen only.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:1
------------------------------HARDWARE INFORMATION--------------Display 1 of 6NID Model Number
NID Hardware Rev.
NID Serial Number
SFP Information
Model Number
Wavelength
Connector Type
Data Rate
Maximum Line Length
Maximum Loss Budget
MAC address
Power Supply A
Power Supply B
9145ELB-971-4-0
A1
20110501177
User Port 1
SFP1-0045
850nm MM
Duplex LC
1000Mbps
N/A
7.5dB
00:40:2A:04:E5:83
AC
N/A
Module Model Number 9410-101 DS1
Module Hardware Rev. A1
Module Serial Number 20110501242
User Port 2
SFP+1-0045
850nm MM
Duplex LC
1000Mbps
N/A
7.5dB
00:40:2A:04:E5:84
Fan Module
User Port 3
SFP+1-0045
850nm MM
Duplex LC
1000Mbps
N/A
7.5dB
00:40:2A:04:E5:85
Fans/4
Select [(N)ext],(G)oto], ESC to return to previous screen:
----------------------------------Messages-------------------------------------
Figure 5-4 Hardware Information screen
58
Port Information
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Port Configuration
5.2.2 Port Config/Status Screens
From the Port Configuration screen (Figure 5-3), select Port Config/Status (2) and press Enter.
You are prompted for a Port: U1-16, 10G1, or 10G2. The Config/Status screen opens:
The Config/Status screen displays the User and Network Port speed and duplex information, and
allows you to set the functions listed below. To modify the settings, type the number of the setting
and press Enter.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
08-OCT-2011
9145ELB-B83-M-0 V04.01
22:37:16
------------------------------- U1 CONFIG/STATUS ------------------------------Port
Port Type
Link Status
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
: U1
: 100M/1G SFP
: Link Down
Speed Setting
L2CP Port Filters
RMTF
RMTF Mode
LLF Participation
10G2 User/Network Mode
Policing
-------Disabled
Policer
------N/A
Physical Status
SFP Model Number
Link Transitions
: Link Down
: Not Present
: 0
:
1000M Full
:
:
:
:
Disabled
CP Proprietary
Disabled
User (Ports U9-U16 disabled)
Bandwidth Profile
----------------N/A
Select [1-6, (G)oto]:
------------------------------------Messages---------------------------------------------
Figure 5-5 U1 Config/Status screen
Option 5 on this screen configures port 10G2. When you select port 10G2 for configuration, the
10G2 User/Network Mode can be configured whereas on the other ports, the mode of the 10G2
port is displayed for informational purposes only. It can only be changed from User to Network
modes when you select 10G2 for port configuration. When configured as a Network Port, the
menu appears as in Figure 5-6, to reflect the services offered in network mode.
NOTE: When you switch port 10G2 from UNI to NNI, User Ports 9-16 are disabled and must be
enabled manually.
59
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Port Information
Port Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
9145ELB-B83-M-0 V04.01
08-OCT-2011
22:37:16
------------------------------ 10G2 CONFIG/STATUS -----------------------------Port
Port Type
Link Status
1)
2)
3)
4)
: 10G2
: SFP+
: Link Down
Speed Setting
RMTF
RMTF Mode
10G2 User/Network Mode
Physical Status
SFP Model Number
Link Transitions
:
:
:
:
: Link Down
: SFP+1-0122
: 0
10000M Full
Disabled
CP Proprietary
Network (Ports U9-U16 are User mode)
Select [1-4, (G)oto]:
------------------------------------Messages---------------------------------------------
Figure 5-6 10G2 Config/Status screen (Network Port)
When 10G2 is configured as a User Port, the menu appears as follows to reflect the services
offered in 10G User mode (Figure 5-7).
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
9145ELB-B83-M-0 V04.01
08-OCT-2011
22:37:16
------------------------------ 10G2 CONFIG/STATUS -----------------------------Port
Port Type
Link Status
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
: 10G2
: SFP+
: Link Down
Speed Setting
L2CP Port Filters
RMTF
RMTF Mode
LLF Participation
10G2 User/Network Mode
Physical Status
SFP Model Number
Link Transitions
: Link Down
: SFP+1-0122
: 0
:
10000M Full
:
:
:
:
Disabled
CP Proprietary
Enabled
User (Ports U9-U16 disabled)
Select [1-6, (G)oto]:
------------------------------------Messages---------------------------------------------
Figure 5-7 10G2 Config/Status screen (Uni port)
NOTE: For dual rate SFPs the speed must be configured. Configurable rates are 100M Half,
100M Full, 1000M Full, and 1000M Auto.
60
Port Information
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Port Configuration
The settings are listed below:
User UTP Port Settings
Disabled
10M Half
10M Full
10M Auto
100M Half
100M Full
100M Auto
10/100M Auto
1000M Full
10/100/1000M Auto
User and Network Port SFP
Settings
Disabled
100M Half
100M Full
1000M Full
1000M Auto
10000 Full
RMTF Enables or disables remote fault configuration on ports.
LLF Participation Enables or disables link loss forwarding on ports.
L2CP Port Filters L2CP Filters can be used to filter out specific control protocol frames from the
data stream. This port-based filtering mechanism will inspect each received packet for specific
protocol markers (such as destination multicast address, protocol type, protocol sub-type, etc.).
If the filter for the particular protocol is enabled for the port, the port will discard the packet. Port
Filters can be setup for each port independently.
1. To configure L2CP filters, type 2 and press Enter. The L2CP Port Filters (Figure 5-8)
screen opens.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet NID with Dual 10G Ethernet Uplink 29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-B83-M-0 V04.01
01:49:22
----------------------------- U1 L2CP PORT FILTERS ----------------------------Port
Port Type
Link Status
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
: U1
: 100M/1G SFP
: Link Down
STP MSTP RSTP BPDU Filter
Pause Filter
LACP Filter
Port Authentication Filter
E-LMI Filter
Provider Bridge Filter
LLDP Filter
MVRP Filter
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Physical Status
SFP Model Number
Link Transitions
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
: Link Down
: Not Present
: 0
MMRP Filter
CDP Filter
VTP Filter
PagP Filter
PVST+ BPDU Filter
Link OAM PDU Filter
UDLD Filter
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Enabled
Select [1-15, (G)oto]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 5-8 L2CP Port Filters screen
2. Type the number of the filter you wish to modify and press Enter. Use the space bar to
enable or disable the filter.
61
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Port Information
Port Configuration
3. To go to a particular port, type G and press Enter. You are prompted to enter a port
number in the form: U1-16, 10G1, or 10G2.
4. When you have finished enabling or disable filters, press Esc to return to the previous
screen.
5.2.3 Port Filters
Port Filters can be used to filter out specific management frames from the data stream. This
filtering mechanism will inspect each received packet and will discard the packet if the filter is
enabled. There are three types of filters:
•
User Side Manager MAC Filter
•
User Side Test Network Filter
•
Management VLAN Filter
To configure the port filters, select Port Filters (3) from the Port Configuration screen and press
Enter. The Port Filters screen (Figure 5-9) opens. To set the port filters, type the filter item
number (1 to 3), and press Enter.
1. User Side Manager MAC Filter When this attribute is enabled, the 9145E will block
packets entering the unit which have the Manager’s MAC address as the source MAC
Address. This prevents spoofing of Management frames. Press the Space bar to select
Enabled or Disabled.
2. User Side Test Network Filter When this attribute is enabled, the 9145ELB will inspect
and discard all packets entering its User Ports that have a source IP address on the same
subnet mask as the Test network. This prevents spoofing of test packets. Press the Space
bar to select Enabled or Disabled.
3. Management VLAN Filter When this attribute is enabled, the 9145ELB will discard
traffic that is tagged with the Management VLAN on the specified port. This will not affect
management packets that are addressed to the 9145ELB. Press the Space bar to select
Disabled, User Ports Enabled, Net Ports Enabled, or All User and Net Ports Enabled.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------------------PORT FILTERS--------------------------------1) User Side Manager MAC Filter
2) User Side Test Network Filter
3) Management VLAN Filter
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Select [1-3]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 5-9 Port Filters screen
62
Port Information
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Network Side Forwarding Configuration
5.3 Network Side Forwarding Configuration
From the Port Information screen (Figure 5-1), select Network Side Forwarding (3), and press
Enter. The Network Side Forwarding Configuration screen (Figure 5-10) opens.
1. To change the active Network Port interface for forwarding, press Enter. The screen now
allows you to toggle between values (Figure 5-10).
2. Press the Space bar to select Net1 or Net2 (Figure 5-11).
3. Press Enter to accept the change.
4. Press Esc to return to the Port Information screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------NETWORK SIDE FORWARDING CONFIGURATION---------------------
1) Active Network Port Interface:
NET1
Press ENTER to start editing
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 5-10 Network Side Forwarding Configuration screen
63
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Port Information
Network Side Forwarding Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------NETWORK SIDE FORWARDING CONFIGURATION---------------------
1) Active Network Port Interface:
NET2
Press SPACE: toggle selection. ENTER: accept. ESC: cancel
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 5-11 Network Side Forwarding Configuration screen (editing)
64
Port Information
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Layer 2 Statistics
5.4 Layer 2 Statistics
To view Layer 2 statistics, from the Port Information screen (Figure 5-1), select Layer 2 Statistics
(4) and press Enter. The Layer 2 Statistics screen (Figure 5-12) opens.
Use the controls as listed at the bottom of the screen to view the Layer 2 Statistics screen. Press
Esc to return to the Port Information screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-B83-0 V04.01
10:55:13
------------------------LAYER 2 STATISTICS (CURRENT)-------------Display 1 of 6
Link State
Speed/Duplex
User Port 1
** DOWN **
N/A
Frames Sent
Frames Rcvd
Bytes Sent
Bytes Rcvd
Frames > 1518
Frames > 1522
Line Rate Utilization
0
0
0
0
0
0
0%
User Port 2
** DOWN **
N/A
User Port 3
** DOWN **
N/A
0
0
0
0
0
0
0%
0
0
0
0
0
0
0%
Last Counter Reset: 18:34:18
Select [(N)ext (P)rev (G)oto ports,(C)hange Counter Frame Size,(E)rror Counters
(T)Frame Type Counters, (CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 5-12 Layer 2 Statistics screen
You can perform the following actions on the Layer 2 Statistics screen:
Change Counter Frame Size The 9145ELB has a programmable counter for frames greater
than the programmed size. Type C and press Enter. Type the frame size, between 64 and
10,000, and press Enter.
Error Counters Type E and press Enter to view the Layer 2 Error Statistics screen (Figure 5-13).
Frame Type Counters Type T and press Enter to view the Layer 2 Frame Type Statistics screen
(Figure 5-14).
Raw Counters Press CTRL-T to view raw layer 2 statistics. These are the total counters since
the last time the 9145ELB was reset.
Reset Counters Press CTRL-R to reset the counters. The counters are reset independently of
the raw counters. The raw counters can not be cleared.
65
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Port Information
Layer 2 Statistics
Frame Counters Type F and press Enter to view. (Available on Layer 2 Error Statistics (Figure
5-13) and Layer 2 Frame Type Statistics (Figure 5-14) screens).
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-----------------------LAYER 2 ERROR STATISTICS (CURRENT)-----------------------
Link State
Frames Sent
Frames Rcvd
Collisions
Late Collisions
Alignment Errors
Undersize < 64
Oversize > 10000
Fragments
CRC Errors
Jabber Events
Dropped
User Port 1
** DOWN **
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
User Port 2
** DOWN **
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
User Port 3
** DOWN **
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Last Counter Reset: 3 days 04:15:53
Select [(P) More ports, (F) Frame Counters, (T) Frame Type Counters,
(CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters]:
Figure 5-13 Layer 2 Error Statistics screen
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------------LAYER 2 FRAME TYPE STATISTICS (CURRENT)---------------------
Link State
Frames Sent
Frames Rcvd
Rx Broadcasts
Tx Broadcasts
Rx Multicasts
Tx Multicasts
VLAN Tagged
Pause Frames
Filtered Frames
Rx Management
Tx Management
User Port 1
** DOWN **
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
User Port 2
** UP **
22082124
22082124
0
0
0
0
142213
0
0
0
0
User Port 3
** DOWN **
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Last Counter Reset: 04:13:38
Select [(N)ext, (P)rev (G)oto Ports,(F) Frame Counters, (E) Error Counters,
(CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 5-14 Layer 2 Frame Type Statistics (Current) screen
66
Port Information
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Layer 2 Statistics
5.4.1 Layer 2 Counter Definitions
The following are definitions of the counters displayed on the Layer 2 Statistics screen (Figure 512), the Layer 2 Error Statistics screen (Figure 5-13), and Layer 2 Frame Type Statistics screens
(Figure 5-14).
5.4.1.1 Layer 2 Statistics
These counters are shown in Figure 5-12.
Frames Sent The total number of frames sent from the interface since the last reset (Raw) or the
last counter reset (Current).
Frames Rcvd The total number of valid frames received on the interface since the last reset
(Raw) or the last counter reset (Current).
Bytes Sent The total number of bytes transmitted from the interface since the last reset (Raw) or
the last counter reset (Current).
Bytes Rcvd The total number of valid bytes received on the interface since the last reset (Raw)
or the last counter reset (Current).
Frames > 1518 The number of frames received on the interface that had a length of 1519 or
higher. The length of the frame is calculated from the first bit of the destination address to the last
bit of the CRC.
Frames > Limit The number of frames received on the interface that had a length that exceeded
the user-defined Frame Size.
Line Rate Utilization The percent utilization of the Ethernet segment on a scale of 0 to 100
percent.
5.4.1.2 Layer 2 Error Statistics Screen
These counters are shown in Figure 5-13
Frames Sent The total number of frames sent from the interface since the last reset (Raw) or
the last counter reset (Current).
Frames Rcvd The total number of valid frames received on the interface since the last reset
(Raw) or the last counter reset (Current).
Collisions The number of collisions that the interface encountered when attempting to transmit
a frame over a half duplex connection.
Late Collisions The number of collisions that the interface encountered later than 512 bit-times
into the frame when attempting to transmit a frame over a half duplex connection.
Alignment Errors The number of frames received on the interface that had a non-integral
number of octets and a bad CRC. The interface will discard the frame.
Undersize < 64 The number of frames received on the interface that were less than 64 bytes in
length (excluding preamble and start-of-frame delimiter, but including the CRC), and were
otherwise well formed. The interface will discard the frame. Undersized frames are also known
as runts.
67
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Port Information
Layer 2 Statistics
Oversize > MaxFrameSize The number of frames received on the interface that had a length
(excluding preamble and start-of-frame delimiter, but including the CRC) greater than the
Maximum Frame Size set for the system.
See the Functional Configuration screen for information on how to set the Maximum Frame Size.
The interface will discard the frame.
Fragments The number of frames received on the interface that were not an integral number of
bytes in length or that had a bad CRC, and were less than 64 bytes in length (excluding preamble
and start-of-frame delimiter but including the CRC). The interface will discard the frame.
CRC Errors The number of frames received on the interface that had a length (excluding
preamble and start-of-frame delimiter, but including the CRC) of between 64 and the Maximum
Frame Size, inclusive, but had a bad CRC. The interface will discard the frame.
Jabber Events The number of frames received on the interface that had a length greater than
1518 and had a bad CRC. This follows the definition in the RMON RFC.
Dropped The number of frames that the interface was unable to transmit due to buffer overflow
or link failure.
5.4.1.3 Layer 2 Frame Type Statistics
These counters are shown in Figure 5-14.
Frames Sent The total number of frames sent from the interface since the last reset (Raw) or
the last counter reset (Current).
Frames Rcvd The total number of valid frames received on the interface since the last reset
(Raw) or the last counter reset (Current).
Rx Broadcasts The number of broadcast frames received on the interface.
Tx Broadcasts The number of broadcast frames transmitted by the interface.
Rx Multicasts The number of multicast frames received on the interface.
Tx Multicasts The number of multicast frames transmitted by the interface.
VLAN Tagged The number of VLAN tagged frames received on the interface.
Pause Frames The number of PAUSE frames received by the interface.
Filtered Frames The number of frames received on the interface that were dropped due to
filtering rules.
Rx Management The number of frames received on the interface that were passed to the
9145ELB manager.
Tx Management The number of frames received from the 9145ELB manager that were passed
to the interface.
68
Port Information
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
RMON Group 1 Statistics
5.5 RMON Group 1 Statistics
To view Remote Monitoring Specification (RMON) statistics, from the Port Information screen
(Figure 5-1), select RMON Group 1 Statistics (5) and press Enter. The RMON Group 1 Statistics
screen (Figure 5-15) opens.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-----------------------RMON GROUP 1 STATISTICS (CURRENT)--------Display 1 of 6
Link State
Speed/Duplex
User Port 1
** DOWN **
N/A
Packets Rcvd
Octets Rcvd
Broadcasts Rcvd
Multicasts Rcvd
Pkts 64
Pkts 65-127
Pkts 128-255
Pkts 256-511
Pkts 512-1023
Pkts 1024-1518
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
User Port 2
** DOWN **
N/A
User Port 3
** DOWN **
N/A
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Last Counter Reset: 23:14:27
Select [(N)ext ports (P)rev ports,(M) More Info,
(CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 5-15 RMON Group 1 Statistics screen
Follow the instructions at the bottom of the RMON Group 1 Statistics screen to view the
information listed below. Type P to view other ports. Type M to view more statistics. Press Esc to
return to the Port Information screen.
The following counters are displayed on the RMON Group 1 Statistics screen:
Packets Rcvd Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets, broadcast packets,
and multicast packets) received.
NOTE: Bad packets have a valid preamble and SFD, but a bad CRC, or are shorter than 64
octets. or longer than the MAX Frame Size.
Octets Rcvd Reports the total number of octets of data (including those in bad packets)
received on the network (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).
Broadcasts Rcvd Reports the total number of good packets received that were directed to the
broadcast address. Note that this does not include multicast packets.
69
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Port Information
RMON Group 1 Statistics
Multicasts Rcvd Reports the total number of good packets received that were directed to a
multicast address. Note that this number does not include packets directed to the broadcast
address.
Pkts 64 Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were 64
octets in length (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).
Pkts 65-127 Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were
between 65 and 127 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).
Pkts 128-255 Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were
between 128 and 255 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).
Pkts 256-511 Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were
between 256 and 511 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS octets).
Pkts 512-1023 Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were
between 512 and 1023 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS
octets).
Pkts 1024-1518 Reports the total number of packets (including bad packets) received that were
between 1024 and 1518 octets in length inclusive (excluding framing bits but including FCS
octets).
Type M and press Enter to see more statistics (Figure 5-16):
Drop Events Reports the total number of events in which packets were dropped by the probe
due to lack of resources. Note that this number is not necessarily the number of packets
dropped; it is just the number of times this condition has been detected.
CRC/Align Errors Reports the total number of packets received that had a length (excluding
framing bits, but including FCS octets) of between 64 and 1518 octets, inclusive, but had either a
bad Frame Check Sequence (FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS
with a non-integral number of octets (Alignment Error).
Undersize Reports the total number of packets received that were less than 64 octets long
(excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed.
Oversize Reports the total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets
(excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets) and were otherwise well formed.
Fragments Reports the total number of packets received that were less than 64 octets in length
(excluding framing bits but including FCS octets) and had either a bad Frame Check Sequence
(FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of
octets (Alignment Error).
Note that it is entirely normal for Fragments to increment. This is because it counts both runts
(which are normal occurrences due to collisions) and noise hits.
Jabbers Reports the total number of packets received that were longer than 1518 octets
(excluding framing bits, but including FCS octets), and had either a bad Frame Check Sequence
(FCS) with an integral number of octets (FCS Error) or a bad FCS with a non-integral number of
octets (Alignment Error). The allowed range to detect jabber is between 20 ms and 150 ms.
Collisions Reports the best estimate of the total number of collisions on this Ethernet segment.
70
Port Information
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
RMON Group 1 Statistics
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-----------------------RMON GROUP 1 STATISTICS (CURRENT)------------------------
Link State
Speed/Duplex
User Port 1
** DOWN **
N/A
Packets Rcvd
Octets Rcvd
Drop Events
CRC/Align Errors
Undersize
Oversize
Fragments
Jabbers
Collisions
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
User Port 2
** DOWN **
N/A
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
User Port 3
** DOWN **
N/A
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Last Counter Reset: 23:18:57
Select [(N)ext ports (P)rev ports,(M) More Info,
(CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters]:
---------------------------------Messages--------------------------------------
Figure 5-16 RMON Group 1 Statistics screen (continued)
71
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Port Information
RMON Group 1 Statistics
72
System Alarms & Logs
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Chapter 6
System Alarms & Logs
6.0 System Alarms
Use the System Alarms screen to view alarms and faults on the 9145ELB.
To view alarm status, select System Alarms (4) from the Main Menu and press Enter. The
System Alarms screen (Figure 6-1) opens, showing status for User Ports.
NOTE: System Alarms screen for Network Ports will vary, depending on the Network Port module you have installed.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-----------------------------------SYSTEM ALARMS------------------------------Port
----USR1
USR2
USR3
USR4
USR5
USR6
USR7
USR8
Link
-------Down
Down
Down
Down
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
RMTF
---N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
SFP Tx
-----N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Port
----USR9
USR10
USR11
USR12
USR13
USR14
USR15
USR16
Link
-------No SFP
Down
Bad SFP
No SFP
Up
No SFP
Bad SFP
No SFP
RMTF
---N/A
No
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
N/A
N/A
SFP Tx
-----N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
10G1
No SFP+
N/A
N/A
10G2
Up
No
Ok
MGMT Up
DC-WR PS A Status
Bad
1.98 Volts Output (10.92 < OK < 13.20)
AC PS B Status
Bad
0.00 Volts Output (10.92 < OK < 13.20)
Main Board Voltages
All mainboard voltages OK
Fan Status
All Fans Ok
Temperature Status
OK 29.5C (0.0C < OK < 70.0C)
Press ESC to return to the previous menu
-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 6-1 System Alarms screen
73
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Alarms & Logs
System Log
6.1 System Log
The System Log lists all events that occurred since the last power-up or since the log was last
cleared. The log lists items with the most current item at the top. As events fill the System Log,
older events drop off. The Event Types include:
•
System system-level resources
•
Trap also reported to the Network Manager
•
Security security information and violations. An asterisk (*) Local event indicates that the
user has an account defined on the local User Account screen.
•
Config configuration changes and the username of the entity that made the change.
To view the System Log, select System Log (5) from the Main Menu and press Enter.
To page through the entries, type F for the first page, type N for the next page, type P for the
previous page, or type L for the last page.
To go to a specific event number (for example, entry number 2457) type G, and then type the
entry number.
To clear the system log, type C. To return to the Main Menu, press Esc.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------------------------SYSTEM LOG-----------------------------------Description
Type
Username
Local Date/Time
Displaying 1 to 7 of 7 filtered entries, 7 total
Log cleared
System
admin
*
16-JUN-2009 11:00:41.50
Changed User Port OAM event log frequency: 0 (in 100 ms)
Config
SYSTEM
*
16-JUN-2009 11:05:02.50
Changed Net Port OAM event log frequency: 0 (in 100 ms)
Config
SYSTEM
*
16-JUN-2009 11:05:02.90
File 9145e.cfg is successfully transferred and burned via: FTP
Action
SYSTEM
*
16-JUN-2009 11:05:02.50
User logged out
Security admin
*
16-JUN-2009 11:10:04.40
User logged in
Security admin
*
16-JUN-2009 11:12:37.10
System time set by SNTP: 16-JUN-2009 11:13:09
System
SYSTEM
*
16-JUN-2009 11:13:09.30
Select [(F)irst, (N)ext, (P)rev, (L)ast, (G)oto, (C)lear, (S)elect Filter]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 6-2 System Log screen
74
System Alarms & Logs
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Log
6.1.1 Log Display Filter Configuration
The 9145ELB has a flexible System Log Display Filter that turns off display of log items that are
not of interest to the user. For example, you can look at events that occurred around a certain
date, or configuration undertaken by a particular user, or just view trap events, and so forth.
The Log Display Filter Configuration screen (Figure 6-3) allows you to reconfigure the log display
filter settings.
1. From the System Log screen (Figure 6-2), type S and press Enter. The Log Display Filter
Configuration screen (Figure 6-3) opens.
2. To modify filter configuration, type the number of the filter and press Enter. Press the
Space bar to select On or Off and Show or Hide.
To change all filters 4 through 15 to Show, type 16 and press Enter.
To change all filters 4 through 15 to Hide, type 17 and press Enter.
3. Type the Date/Time Filter Starts and Date/Time Filter Ends time(s) (optional) and press
Enter.
4. To return to the System Log screen, press Esc.
NOTE: If the Master filter is set to OFF, no filter changes will be applied.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------LOG DISPLAY FILTER CONFIGURATION----------------------1. Master Filter:
On
Date/Time Filters:
2. Date/Time Filter Starts At: 0
3. Date/Time Filter Ends At:
0
User Name Filters:
4. "SYSTEM":
Hide
5. "admin":
Show
6. Others:
Show
User Type Filters:
7. Local:
Show
8. Others:
Show
Event Type Filters:
9. System:
Hide
10. Security:
Show
11. Trap:
Show
12. Configuration Change:
Hide
13. Action:
Show
14. Configuration File Change:
Show
15. OAM Event:
Show
16. Show All Event Types
17. Hide All Event Types
Select[1-17]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 6-3 Log Display Filter Configuration screen
75
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
System Alarms & Logs
System Log
76
Utilities
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Chapter 7
Utilities
7.0 Utilities Menu
Use the Utilities Menu to setup and display basic information.
From the Main Menu (Figure 2-3), select Utilities (6) and press Enter. The Utilities Menu (Figure
7-1) opens. The sections below describe how to display and modify each feature listed on the
Utilities Menu.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------------------------------UTILITIES-------------------------------
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Set Date and Time
Reset Configuration To Default
Change Password
VT100 Baud Rate
PING Generation
Static ARP Table
Dynamic ARP Table
9600
Select [1-7]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 7-1 Utilities Menu
77
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Utilities
Set Date and Time
7.1 Set Date and Time
To set the correct date and time, type 1 and press Enter. Type the current date and time in DD/
MM/YYYY HH:MM:SS format. Press Enter to confirm the setting. Note that SNTP will overwrite
the setting on the next poll if SNTP is enabled.
7.2 Reset Configuration To Default
To reset the configuration to the default settings, type 2 and press Enter. Type Y and press
Enter. All values, with the exception of Manager IP Address, Subnet Mask, Default Gateway,
Management Port, Manager's VLAN Configuration and ID, Test IP and Subnet Mask, and User
and Network Port settings will be returned to factory settings and the system will be reset.
NOTE: During reset all host connections will be terminated.
7.3 Change Password
To change your current password, from the Utilities Menu, type 3 and press Enter. The Change
Password screen (Figure 7-2) opens.
1. Type the current password and press Enter.
2. Type the new password and press Enter.
3. Retype the new password and press Enter.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------------CHANGE PASSWORD---------------------------------
Please enter your current password : *****
Please enter your new password : *****
Please enter your new password again : *****
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 7-2 Change Password screen
78
Utilities
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
VT100 Baud Rate
7.4 VT100 Baud Rate
To change the VT100 baud rate, from the Utilities Menu, type 4 and press Enter. The baud rate
setting will be highlighted. Press the Space bar to select 9600 or 19200. Press Enter to confirm
the setting.
7.5 PING Generation
From the Utilities Menu, type 5 and press Enter. The PING Generation screen (Figure 7-3)
opens.
NOTE: PING Generation is also available from the Diagnostics Menu. See the chapter on Diagnostics for information on how to set up the Ping Generation screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------------PING GENERATION---------------------------------
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
Ping to Address
:
Ping from Address
:
Ping Count
:
Ping C-VLAN ID
:
Ping T-VLAN ID
:
Ping S-VLAN ID
:
Ping Payload Size (40 - 9950) :
Ping DF Bit
:
Start Pinging
0.0.0.0
Auto Selection
0
0
0
0
40
Clear
Select [1-9]
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 7-3 PING Generation screen
79
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Utilities
Static ARP Table
7.6 Static ARP Table
The Static ARP table is used to define mapping between IP address and MAC address, and
assign them to a port, thus bypassing the ARP mechanism. A maximum of 10 static ARP entries
are available.
From the Utilities Menu, type 7 and press Enter. The Static ARP Table screen (Figure 7-4)
opens.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
------------------------------------STATIC ARP TABLE---------------------------
IP Address
172.16.2.155
172.16.2.156
172.16.2.157
MAC Address
00-18-8B-82-8C-6F
00-18-8B-33-8C-6F
00-18-77-82-8C-6F
Port
Usr1
10G1
Mgmt
Add or Delete an entry (1=Add, 2=Delete from table):
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 7-4 Static ARP Table screen
1. To add an entry to the static ARP table, type 1 and press Enter.
•
Type the IP address and press Enter.
•
Type the Mac address and press Enter.
•
Type the port number and press Enter.
The address information is added to the table.
2. To delete an entry from the Static ARP Table, type 2 and press Enter. The first table entry
will be highlighted. Press the Space bar to scroll through the entries. Press Enter to
delete the highlighted entry.
3. Press Esc to return to the Utilities Menu.
80
Utilities
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Dynamic ARP Table
7.7 Dynamic ARP Table
The Dynamic ARP table lists currently active IP and MAC addresses for various 9145ELB ports.
Dynamic ARP entries expire after 10 minutes, unless a message exchange takes place.
1. From the Utilities Menu, type 7 and press Enter. The Dynamic ARP Table screen (Figure
7-5) opens. Type F (first), N, (next), P (previous) and L (last) to page through the entries.
2. To delete an entry from the table, type D and press Enter. The first entry is highlighted.
3. Press the Space bar to scroll through the list. When the address you wish to delete is
highlighted, type CR and press Enter. The entry is deleted.
4. To delete all the addresses, type A and press Enter. You are asked to confirm that you
wish to delete all the table entries. To accept, type Y and press Enter.
5. Press Esc to return to the Utilities Menu.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
9-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------------------------DYNAMIC ARP TABLE-------------Display 1 - 4 of 4
IP Address
-------------172.16.2.152
172.16.1.34
172.16.2.145
172.16.2.151
172.16.14.204
172.16.1.63
172.16.170.103
172.16.170.102
172.16.170.107
172.16.1.57
172.16.170.105
MAC Address
-----------00-18-8B-8-2E5-98
00-20-C5-00-C8-AF
00-13-20-CF-50-16
00-18-8B-82-CC-C8
00-16-76-13-4A-88
00-02-B3-A2-B9-BB
00-18-8B-82-DE-79
00-18-8B-82-DC-08
00-18-8B-82-99-69
00-04-E2-24-2A-75
00-18-8B-82-D8-D2
Port
---USR1
10G1
10G1
MGMT
10G1
10G1
10G1
10G1
10G1
10G1
USR16
IP Address
MAC Address
-------------------------172.16.2.56
00-A0-C9-4B-84-85
172.16.170.110 00-18-8B-82-A7-27
172.16.170.109 00-18-8B-82-E6-C1
172.16.170.108 00-18-8B-82-E5-B6
172.16.170.115 00-18-8B-82-E5-E1
172.16.170.114 00-18-8B-82-82-69
172.16.2.134
00-11-11-EA-B1-70
172.16.2.132
00-13-72-1A-50-F4
172.16.1.10
00-07-E9-20-03-48
172.16.1.11
08-00-09-FD-8B-F2
172.16.2.184
00-18-8B-82-E5-4
Port
---10G1
USR10
10G1
10G1
USR3
Net1
10G1
10G1
10G1
10G1
10G1
Select [(F)irst, (N)ext, (P)rev, (L)ast, (D)elete, Delete (A)ll]:
------------------------------------Messages----------------------------------------
Figure 7-5 Dynamic ARP Table screen
81
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Utilities
Dynamic ARP Table
82
Software Upgrade
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Software Reset
Chapter 8
Software Upgrade
8.0 Flash Memory
CAUTION: Swap Bank and Software Reset or Swap Bank After Download and Reset
could disrupt service.
Each 9145ELB unit has two flash memory banks that store software. The Active Flash Memory
bank holds the software that is currently in use. The Inactive Flash Memory bank holds the new
software from a download, or the older version of software from a previous upgrade. Software
can be downloaded into the Inactive Flash Memory bank without disrupting the normal operation
of the 9145ELB. Downloading software into the Inactive Memory bank is a background operation
and will not disrupt services.
From the Main Menu, select Software Upgrade (7) and press Enter. The Software Upgrade
screen (Figure 8-1) opens. The Software Upgrade screen displays the time since the last restart,
the active firmware version, the backup firmware version, and the bootcode version.
The Software Upgrade screen provides functions to reset the software, swap active flash
memory banks, swap flash memory banks after a download and reset, and get a new file with
TFTP.
8.1 Software Reset
1. To reset the software, type 1 and press Enter. Reset will be highlighted.
2. Press Enter. The software resets. All users will be logged off the system.
Software resets do not affect payload traffic, as long as new software is not being loaded.
8.2 Swap Bank & Reset
You can elect to exchange the current software being executed with the software stored in the
inactive flash memory bank. This process will swap flash memory banks (active > inactive,
inactive > active) and reset the 9145ELB to activate the setting. The software in the inactive flash
memory bank will become active and the active flash memory bank will become inactive when
the 9145ELB resets.
83
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Software Upgrade
Swap Bank After Download and Reset
NOTE: All users will be logged off during the 9145ELB reset. In most cases, payload traffic
through the 9145ELB will be disrupted for only a few frames while the data plane is being reprogrammed.
To swap banks and reset the 9145ELB, type 2 and press Enter. Swap will be highlighted. Press
Enter. The flash memory banks will be swapped and the 9145ELB will reset.
NOTE:The software on the new inactive flash memory bank will remain in memory and not be
deleted.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------------------------SOFTWARE UPGRADE------------------------------Time Since Last Restart 00:35:42
Version
File Name
File Size
Active Firmware
04.01 9145E-A50(GA0033)-04-00.ZIP 5494774
Inactive Firmware 03.50 9145E-A50(GA0021)-03-50.ZIP 5303334
Bootcode
03.10 9145E-B00(EB0033)-03-10.BIN 339094
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Software Reset
Swap Bank & Reset
Swap Bank after
download and reset
Reset
Swap
Yes
Get New File with TFTP
Hardware Reset
HW Reset
Select [1-5]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 8-1 Software Upgrade screen
8.3 Swap Bank After Download and Reset
Option 3 allows you to select automatically swapping banks on reset after a successful
download. Select Yes for automatically swap banks. Select No to have downloaded software
remain in the inactive bank. This option does not generate a reset.
Type 3 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select Yes or No.
NOTE: Users will be disconnected when the 9145ELB is reset.
The setting “Swap Bank after download and reset” must be set before downloading the new
software. After you download software, the message line will read Loads xx.xx on Next Reset.
84
Software Upgrade
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Get Software Upgrades with TFTP
8.4 Get Software Upgrades with TFTP
Software can be downloaded from the Canoga Perkins web site to your TFTP server. After
downloading the software, move the file to a known directory to which your TFTP server has
access.
To download the latest version from your TFTP server to the 9145ELB, from the Software
Upgrade menu (Figure 8-1) type 4 and press Enter. The TFTP Upgrade screen (Figure 8-2) will
appear.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------------------TFTP SOFTWARE UPGRADE-----------------------Time Since Last Restart 00:42:39
Host IP Address :
172.16.2.40
File Name: 9145E-A50-04-09.zip
File transfer to unit now ?
Y
TFTP transfer in progress...
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 8-2 TFTP Software Upgrade screen
1. Enter the IP Address of the Host TFTP server or press Enter to accept default address.
2. Enter the file name of the software you want to download and press Enter.
a. Type Y and press Enter to begin the download. Progress can be viewed in the
message line.
b. Type N and press Enter to cancel the download and return to the Software
Upgrade screen.
3. When the download is complete, press Enter to return to the Software Upgrade screen.
The new software version should appear in the Inactive Firmware field. If Swap Bank
after download and reset was set, the message: Loads xx.xx on Next Reset will appear
on the message line.
85
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Software Upgrade
Software Upgrades Using FTP or SFTP
8.5 Software Upgrades Using FTP or SFTP
8.5.1 Software Download using FTP
Software upgrades can also be downloaded from the Canoga Perkins web site and installed
using the computer that is the 9145ELB management host.
1. Go to the Canoga Perkins web site or contact Canoga Perkins Customer Service to
obtain the latest version of the 9145ELB software and copy the file to the 9145ELB
management host.
2. Open a Command Prompt by selecting Start >Run
3. Type CMD into the OPEN window and click OK. The Command Prompt screen will open
(Figure 8-3).
Microsoft Windows XP [Version 5.1.2600]
(C) Copyright 1985-2001 Microsoft Corp.
C:\>cd Documents and Settings
C:\Documents and Settings>ftp 172.16.142.223
Connected to 172.16.142.223.
220 Service ready for new user.
User (172.16.142.223:(none)): admin
331 Username okay, need password.
Password:
230 User logged in, proceed.
ftp> cd BURNING
250 Requested file action okay, completed.
ftp> BI
200 Command Okay.
ftp> put 9145e-a10-02-00.zip
200 Command Okay.
150 File status okay; about to open data connection.
226-Closing data connection.
Writing file to flash.
226
ftp: 3415561 bytes sent in 126.42Seconds 27.02Kbytes/sec.
ftp>
Figure 8-3 Command Prompt screen
NOTE: Confirm that the IP address of your computer, or a proper network address/address mask
combination is listed in the 9145ELB host table. If it is not listed, you cannot access the
9145ELB. To add the computer IP address in the host table, refer to “Host Table” on page 19.
4. If required, type cd directory_name.
Where directory_name is the name of the directory where the software upgrade is
located.
5. Press Enter. The prompt will be relocated to that directory.
6. At the directory prompt, type ftp IP address
86
Software Upgrade
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Software Upgrades Using FTP or SFTP
Where IP address is the management IP address for the 9145ELB.
7. Press Enter. Service will be established.
8. Type your 9145ELB account user name and press Enter.
9. Type your password and press Enter. The ftp> prompt opens.
10. At the ftp> prompt, type cd burning and press Enter.
11. At the ftp> prompt, type bi (for binary) and press Enter. This informs the 9145ELB that
this will be a binary rather than a text download. Another ftp> prompt will open.
12. At the ftp> prompt, type put (filename)
Where (filename) is the filename of the software upgrade. The command will be accepted
and the download starts.
NOTE: The 9145ELB displays the number of bytes transferred. A separate message indicates
the Flash Burning status, including percentage complete.
13. Once the software upgrade is downloaded, a notification that the data connection has
been closed and that the upgrade is being written to the 9145ELB flash memory will be
displayed.
14. A record of the file transfer will be displayed. Close the Command Prompt window.
8.5.2 Software Download using SFTP
For secure file transferring, the 9145ELB provides a Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) server.
The server is available to run with the SFTP client of your choice.
NOTE: Use the default settings for the SFTP Client program.
1. Start your Secure File Transfer Client and select Quick Connect or Open.
2. Enter the IP address of your 9145ELB, and your 9145ELB username.
3. A dialog opens. If this is your first time contacting the host, you will be asked if you want to
use the keys. Click OK. A password dialog opens.
4. Enter your password for the 9145ELB account. Type cd BURNING (case sensitive) and
press Enter to direct the software upgrade to the proper directory in the 9145ELB.
5. Transfer the software upgrade to the BURNING directory.
6. Type the file name and press Enter. If you are using a GUI SFTP client, you can drag and
drop the upgrade file.
87
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Software Upgrade
Software Upgrades Using FTP or SFTP
8.5.3 Hardware Reset
A hardware reset clears all memory. Traffic ceases and the FPGAs are reloaded. Counters are
cleared on all ports. The software is reconfigured based on the active image and its
configuration. Prior to hardware reset, a log message will be generated, noting this request.
To reset the hardware, type 5 and press Enter. The system will go silent during the reboot period
and will not be accessible. Traffic will cease until software has reloaded the FPGAs.
88
CoS Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
9145ELB Queuing Functionality
Chapter 9
CoS Configuration
9.0 Class of Service
CAUTION: When CoS Support settings are set to Enabled, disabling may lead to temporary packet loss and/or packet mis-ordering.
When throughput exceeds the available bandwidth, Class of Service (CoS) mechanisms allow
the 9145ELB to selectively queue frames based on priority of the packets serviced. CoS
processing occurs in the egress direction of each port on the NID, that is, for frames transmitted
from a NID port.
From the Class of Service Configuration screen (Figure 9-3), you can enable or disable CoS
support, including Classification, Queuing, Scheduling, and Queue Management functions.
9.1 9145ELB Queuing Functionality
Figure 9-1 shows a logical model for the CoS function on the 9145ELB. With this model, packets
enter the NID on an Ingress Port (for example, a User Port or Network Port). If these well-formed
packets are not discarded by the Port Filtering rules or due to a bad FCS, they are handed to a
Classifier function, which will further inspect the packet. The Classifier looks to assign a CoS
level to a packet by inspecting specific indicators present in the packet header, such as VLAN-ID,
PCP or DSCP/ToS. The Classifier cross-references these indicators with the CoS assignments
in the user configurable Class Map to determine the CoS for the packet, and submits it to the tail
of the appropriate queue associated with the Egress Port. The Queue is simply a FIFO buffer,
with user configurable length. Generally speaking, if an Egress Port supports multiple Classes of
Service, it will have multiple queues assigned to it (i.e., one for each CoS). In an asynchronous
fashion, the Transmission Scheduling mechanism waits for the Egress Port to indicate to it that
the transmission medium (not shown) is ready for another packet to be transmitted. The
Transmission Scheduling function then selects a packet from the head of a queue to transmit out
the Egress Port based on some scheduling algorithm (such as SP or WFQ).
89
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Configuration
9145ELB Queuing Functionality
Figure 9-1 CoS Functional Model
The 9145ELB has a set of egress queues assigned to each port. Each User Port has a set of
four egress queues, labelled from highest to lowest priority as LLQ, Q3, Q2, Q1, respectively.
This will also include port 10G2 if it is configured as a User Port (see the section “Port Config/
Status Screens” on page 59).
The Network Port can have a different set of egress queues, based on whether 10G2 is
configured to be Disabled, a Network Port or a User Port:
If 10G2 is Disabled
Network Port 10G1 has 19 egress queues in total: 1 dedicated LLQ for each User Port and 3 additional queues that
are shared across all User Ports
If 10G2 is set to Network Port *
Network Port 10G2 has 19 egress queues in total: 1 dedicated LLQ for each User Port and 3 additional queues that
are shared across all User Ports.
If 10G2 is set to User Port
Network Port 10G1 has 12 egress queues in total: 1 dedicated LLQ for each User Port and 3 additional queues that
are shared across all User Ports.
* Note that if 10G2 is set to Network Port, then 10G1 must be Disabled
Figure 9-2 shows a system-level logical view of the queue assignment.
90
CoS Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
9145ELB Queuing Functionality
Figure 9-2 System View of CoS Functions
There is a single set of configuration attributes for the queues on the user side, even if the
queues are independent per port. The same configuration parameters apply to all queue sets
across all the User Ports.
On the network side, there is a mix of dedicated and shared queues. Packets received by each of
the User Ports may be submitted to a dedicated egress LLQ at the Network Port (i.e., there is a
dedicated LLQ instance for each User Port instance). The Network Port will also be equipped
with three queues of the lowest priority, which can be shared by packets received on any of the
User Ports.
91
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Configuration
CoS Support
9.2 CoS Support
To begin configuring Class of Service, from the Main Menu, select CoS Configuration (9) and
press Enter. The Class of Service Configuration screen (Figure 9-3) opens.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
------------------------CLASS OF SERVICE CONFIGURATION--------------------------
1) CoS Support on User Port
2) CoS Support on Network Port
Enabled
Disabled
3) CoS Queues Configuration
4) CoS Queues Statistics
Select [1-4]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 9-3 Class of Service Configuration screen
9.2.1 Enabling or Disabling CoS Support
To enable or disable CoS support for a port, from the CoS Configuration screen (Figure 9-3), type
the number of the port you wish to configure (1 or 2) and press Enter. The setting is highlighted.
Press the Space bar to select Enabled or Disabled and then press Enter.
When CoS is enabled on a given port, frames egressing on that port are subjected to queue
processing.
Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Configuration screen.
92
CoS Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Queues Configuration
9.3 CoS Queues Configuration
The Class of Service Queues Configuration screen allows you to choose the classification
mapping and mode for tagged and untagged packets.
•
Tagged packets are mapped by Priority Code Point (PCP) or C-VID (the C-VLAN ID).
Network ports support PCP only.
•
Untagged packets use IP Precedence, DSCP, or AF/EF modes.
From the Class of Service Configuration screen (Figure 9-3), type 3 and press Enter. The Class
of Service Queue Configuration screen (Figure 9-4) opens.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
------------------------CLASS OF SERVICE QUEUE CONFIGURATION-------------------1) Tagged Packet Classifier Configuration
2) Untagged Packet Classifier Configuration
3) Queues configuration on User Ports
4) Queues configuration on Network Ports
5) ED Drop Profiles on User Ports
6) ED Drop Profiles on Network Ports
Select [1-6]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 9-4 Class of Service Queue Configuration screen
9.3.1 Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping
Classifier mapping configuration applies to the ingress port. The classification mode of User
Ports indicates how frames that are received on the User Ports are distributed to the egress
queues (located on the Network Port) and vice versa.
The Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen allows you to assign a queue to a PCP, or (for
User Ports only) a C-VLAN ID (C-VID) value. The Mapping per CVID is discussed in chapter 10.
To configure queue mapping for tagged packets, from the Class of Service Queue Configuration
screen (Figure 9-4), type 1 and press Enter. The Tagged Packet Classifier Configuration screen
(Figure 9-5) opens.
1. To set the classification mode of the User Port, type 1 and press Enter.
2. When you are finished, press Enter. Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Queue
Configuration screen.
93
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Configuration
CoS Queues Configuration
Note that:
•
All User Ports share the same PCP to queue classification.
•
In C-VID mode, the default queue is the lowest priority queue (Q1).
•
Queues for the Network side correspond to the specific ingress User Port, as described in
section 10.1.
•
PCP and C-VID queue mappings work in the ingress direction. For Network Port queues,
configure the User Port mappings.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
------------------- TAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER CONFIGURATION --------------------Classification Mode
Network
PCP
User
EVC Specific
1) Set classifier mapping on User port
2) Set classifier mapping on Network port
Select [1-3]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 9-5 Tagged Packet Classifier screen (with PCP selected)
3. To map a PCP to a queue on the User Port, type 1 and press Enter. The User Port
Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen opens (Figure 9-6).
Use the Space bar to select a queue. Press Enter to confirm the setting. (Only a queue
that is enabled can be selected. To enable or disable a queue, see “Queues
Configuration on Network Ports” on page 101.)
94
CoS Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Queues Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------- USER PORT TAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER MAPPING (PCP MODE) -------------PCP
--0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Queue
--Q1
Q1
Q1
Q1
Q2
Q2
Q3
Q3
Select PCP or a Range x-y [0-7]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 9-6 User Port Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping (PCP Mode) screen
4. To map a PCP to a queue on the Network Port, type 2 and press Enter. The Network Port
Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (Figure 9-7) opens.
5. To change the queue setting, enter the PCP number and use the Space bar to select a
queue. Press Enter to confirm the setting. (Only a queue that is enabled can be selected.
To enable or disable a queue, see “Queues Configuration on Network Ports” on
page 101.) Network ports support PCP only.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------- NETWORK PORT TAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER MAPPING -----------------PCP
--0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Queue
--LLQ
Q1
Q1
Q1
Q2
Q2
Q3
Q3
Select PCP or a Range x-y [0-7]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 9-7 Network Port Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen
95
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Configuration
CoS Queues Configuration
NOTE: Mapping a queue on the User Port in C-VID mode is configured from the EVC configuration menu. See “Viewing or Modifying the C-VLAN List” on page 118.
9.3.2 Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping
Untagged packet classifier mapping is supported on User Ports only. There are three
classification modes for untagged packets: IP Precedence, DSCP, and AFEF.
1. To configure queue mapping for untagged packets, from the Class of Service Queue
Configuration screen (Figure 9-4), type 2 and press Enter. The User Port Untagged
Packet Classifier Configuration screen opens (Figure 9-8).
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------- USER PORT UNTAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER CONFIGURATION -------1) Classification Mode
2) Default Queue for Unclassified Frames
IP Precedence
Q1
3) Set classifier mapping
Select [1-3]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 9-8 User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Configuration screen
2. To select a classification mode for the User side, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space
bar to select IP Precedence, None, DSCP, or AFEF and press Enter.
3. To assign a default queue for unclassified frames, type 2 and press Enter. Press the
Space bar to select LLQ, Q3, Q2, or Q1 and press Enter. Unclassified frames are all
untagged packets that do not have an IPv4 header (such as IPv6, L2CP, IPX). When
classification mode is set to None, all untagged frames are sent to this default queue.
Only a queue that is enabled can be selected. To enable or disable a queue, see “Queues
Configuration on Network Ports” on page 101.
4. To set classifier mapping, type 3 and press Enter.
96
•
If you selected IP Precedence in step 2, Figure 9-9 opens. See the section “IP
Precedence Mode” on page 97.
•
If you selected DSCP mode in step 2, Figure 9-10 opens. See the section “Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) Mode” on page 97.
CoS Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Queues Configuration
•
If you selected AFEF in step 2, Figure 9-11 opens. See the section “Assured Forwarding (AF)/ Expedited Forwarding (EF)” on page 98.
5. Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen.
9.3.2.1 IP Precedence Mode
On the User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (Figure 9-9) for IP Precedence:
1. Type the number of the IP Precedence (or a range of numbers), and press Enter. The
CoSQ setting in the column beside the IP Precedence number is highlighted.
2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the available queues.
3. Select a queue and press Enter. (Only a queue that is enabled can be selected. To
enable or disable a queue, see “Queues Configuration on Network Ports” on page 101.)
4. Press Esc to return to the User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Configuration screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------- USER PORT UNTAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER MAPPING -----------------Mode: IP Precedence Mode
IP Precedence
------------0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CoSQ
---Q1
Q1
Q1
Q1
Q2
Q2
Q3
Q3
Select IPP or a Range x-y [0-7]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 9-9 User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (IP Precedence mode)
9.3.2.2 Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) Mode
On the User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (Figure 9-10) for DSCP,
1. Type the number of the DSCP (or a range of numbers), and press Enter. The CoS setting
for that DSCP number is highlighted.
2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the available queues.
3. Select a queue and press Enter. (Only a queue that is enabled can be selected. To
enable or disable a queue, see “Queues Configuration on Network Ports” on page 101.)
97
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Configuration
CoS Queues Configuration
4. Press Esc to return to the User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Configuration screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------- USER PORT UNTAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER MAPPING -----------------Mode: DSCP Mode
DSCP CoSQ
---- ---0
Q1
1
Q1
2
Q1
3
Q1
4
Q1
5
Q1
6
Q1
7
Q1
8
Q1
9
Q1
DSCP CoSQ
---- ---10
Q1
11
Q1
12
Q1
13
Q1
14
Q1
15
Q1
16
Q1
17
Q1
18
Q1
19
Q1
DSCP CoSQ
---- ---20
Q1
21
Q1
22
Q1
23
Q1
24
Q1
25
Q1
26
Q1
27
Q1
28
Q1
29
Q1
DSCP CoSQ
---- ---30
Q1
31
Q1
32
Q2
33
Q2
34
Q2
35
Q2
36
Q2
37
Q2
38
Q2
39
Q2
DSCP CoSQ
---- ---40
Q2
41
Q2
42
Q2
43
Q2
44
Q2
45
Q2
46
Q2
47
Q2
48
Q3
49
Q3
DSCP CoSQ
---- ---50
Q3
51
Q3
52
Q3
53
Q3
54
Q3
55
Q3
56
Q3
57
Q3
58
Q3
59
Q3
DSCP CoSQ
---- ---60
Q3
61
Q3
62
Q3
63
Q3
Select DSCP or a Range x-y [0-63]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 9-10 User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (DSCP Mode)
9.3.2.3 Assured Forwarding (AF)/ Expedited Forwarding (EF)
On the User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (Figure 9-11) for AFEF:
1. Type the number of the AF code (or a range of numbers), E for Expedited Forwarding, or
D for Default Forwarding, and press Enter. The CoSQ setting, or the first number/value of
the range (for example, 3, if 3 - 7) is highlighted.
2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the available queues.
3. Select a queue and press Enter. If a series of codes was chosen, all of those CoSQs will
be changed.
98
CoS Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Queues Configuration
4. Press Esc to return to the User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Configuration screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------- USER PORT UNTAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER MAPPING -----------------Mode: AFEF Mode
Low Drop Precedence
Med Drop Precedence
High Drop Precedence
Expedited Forwarding
Default CoSQ:
Class 1
DSCS CoSQ
---- ---AF11
Q1
AF12
Q1
AF13
Q1
CoSQ:
Class 2
DSCS CoSQ
---- ---AF21
Q1
AF22
Q1
AF23
Q1
Class 3
DSCS CoSQ
---- ---AF31
Q1
AF32
Q1
AF33
Q1
Class 4
DSCS CoSQ
---- ---AF41
Q2
AF42
Q2
AF43
Q2
Q3
Q1
Select AF Code or a Range x-y [11-43], [E]F, [D]efault:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 9-11 User Port Untagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (AFEF Mode)
9.3.3 Queues Configuration on User Ports
From the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen (Figure 9-4), type 3 and press Enter. The
Edit Queue Configuration on User Ports screen (Figure 9-12) opens.
Type the number of the attribute you wish to configure and press Enter. Press Esc to return to
the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen.
The same set of configuration attributes applies to every User Port.
1. Enable/Disable a Queue Each User Port has four queues: LLQ, Q3, Q2, Q1. This
function allows you to enable only those queues you wish to use. Type the number of the
queue you wish to enable or disable. Press the Space bar to select Enabled or Disabled
and then press Enter.
NOTE:The LLQ cannot be disabled and the LLQ size cannot be set to zero (0).
2. Queue Size (in 8K-Byte) The queue size can be any value from 0KB to 8MB (from 8KB
to 8MB for LLQ). To change the queue size, type 2 for LLQ, 4 for Queue 3, 10 for Queue
2, or 16 for Queue 1. Type the new setting and press Enter.
Queues require a size parameter range between 0 and 250 (between 1 and 250 for LLQ).
If you enter an invalid size parameter, the message INVALID INPUT will appear at the
bottom of the screen.
99
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Configuration
CoS Queues Configuration
3. Scheduling Scheme The 9145ELB supports two scheduling modes: Strict Priority (SP)
and Weighted Fair Queuing (WFQ). All queues can be set to service packets using one of
the scheduling mode mentioned above to the exception to the LLQ. The LLQ is always
set by default to SP. To change the schedule scheme, type 5 for Queue 3, 11 for Queue 2,
or 17 for Queue 1. Press the Space bar to select Strict Priority or Weighted Fair and then
press Enter.
4. Weight Parameters Queue 3, Queue 2 and Queue 1 require a Weight parameter range
between 0 and 1000. If WFQ is set as the scheduling method, a weight must be assigned
to each queue. The weight is proportional to the bandwidth that queue will receive. The
weight value can be of any range between 0-1000.
To change the queue weight, type 6 for Queue 3, 12 for Queue 2, or 18 for Queue 1. Type
the new setting and then press Enter.
NOTE: If you enter an invalid weight parameter, INVALID INPUT will appear at the bottom of the
screen.
5. Enable/Disable ED Drop Profile Note that this option is Disabled in this release.
6. Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
------------------------EDIT QUEUE CONFIGURATION ON USER PORTS-----------------1) LLQ:
Enabled
2) Size (in 8K-byte): 8
---------------------------------------------------------------------------3) Queue 3:
Enabled
6) Weight:
256
4) Size (in 8K-byte): 8
7) ED Drop Profile 3A: Disabled
5) Scheduling:
Weighted Fair Q
8) ED Drop Profile 3B: Disabled
---------------------------------------------------------------------------9) Queue 2:
Enabled
12) Weight:
128
10) Size (in 8K-byte): 8
13) ED Drop Profile 2A: Disabled
11) Scheduling:
Weighted Fair Q
14) ED Drop Profile 2B: Disabled
---------------------------------------------------------------------------15) Queue 1:
Enabled
18) Weight:
64
16) Size (in 8K-byte): 8
19) ED Drop Profile 1A: Disabled
17) Scheduling:
Weighted Fair Q
20) ED Drop Profile 1B: Disabled
Select [1-20]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 9-12 Edit Queue Configuration User Ports screen
100
CoS Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Queues Configuration
9.3.4 Queues Configuration on Network Ports
The same queue configuration is used for all sets of four egress queues.
From the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen (Figure 9-4), type 4 and press Enter. The
Edit Queue Configuration on Network Ports screen (Figure 9-13) opens.
1. Enable/Disable a Queue This function allows you to enable only those queues you wish
to use. Type the number of the queue you wish to enable or disable. Press the Space bar
to select Enabled or Disabled and then press Enter.
NOTE:The LLQ cannot be disabled and the LLQ size cannot be set to zero (0).
2. Queue Size (in 8K-Byte) The queue size can be any value from 0KB to 8MB (from 8KB
to 8MB for LLQ). To change the queue size, type 2 for LLQ, 5 for Queue 3, 12 for Queue
2, or 19 for Queue 1. Type the new setting and press Enter.
Queues require a size parameter range between 0 and 250 (between 1 and 250 for LLQ).
If you enter an invalid size parameter, the message INVALID INPUT will appear at the
bottom of the screen.
3. Yellow packet threshold is expressed as a percentage. The actual queue size for yellow
packets is calculated based on the percentage value and the queue size. If drop profile is
enabled, the yellow packet threshold is not applicable. If the threshold is changed, the
CBS*/EBS* values will be updated accordingly. See section 11.3 for definition of these
parameters.
4. Scheduling The 9145ELB supports two scheduling modes: Strict Priority (SP) and
Weighted Fair Queuing (WFQ). All queues can be set to service packets using one of the
scheduling mode mentioned above with the exception of the LLQ. The LLQ is always set
by default to SP.
To change the schedule scheme, type 6 for Queue 3, 13 for Queue 2, or 20 for Queue 1.
Press the Space bar to select Strict Priority or Weighted Fair and then press Enter. If
shaping is enabled on a particular queue, the scheduling mode must be configured to
strict priority
NOTE: The scheduling algorithm is applied to each set of four queues associated with each
User Port. This means that, for example, Q1 associated with User 1 and Q1 associated with
User 2 will have the same priority. In this case, the queues are serviced in a round robin fashion.
5. Weight Queue 3, Queue 2 and Queue 1 require a weight parameter range between 0
and 1000. If WFQ is set as the scheduling method, a weigh need to be assigned to each
queue. The weight is proportional to how much bandwidth that queue will receive. The
weight value can be of any range between 0-1000.
To change the queue weight, type 8 for Queue 3, 15 for Queue 2, or 22 for Queue 1. Type
the new setting and press Enter.
NOTE: If you enter an invalid weight parameter, the message INVALID INPUT will appear at the
bottom of the screen.
101
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Configuration
CoS Queues Configuration
6. Enable/Disable (ED) Drop Profile Note that this option is Disabled in this release.
NOTE: Drop profiles and shapers are mutually exclusive. If shaping is enabled, you cannot
enable drop profiles, and vice versa.
7. Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------------------EDIT QUEUE CONFIGURATION ON NETWORK PORTS------------1) LLQ:
Enabled
2) Size (CBS* in 8K-byte): 8
3) Yellow Packets Thr. (%): 50
CBS*/EBS*: 64K/32K
---------------------------------------------------------------------------4) Queue 3:
Enabled
8) Weight:
256
5) Size (CBS* in 8K-byte): 8
9) ED Drop Profile 3A: Disabled
6) Scheduling:
Weighted Fair Q
10) ED Drop Profile 3B: Disabled
7) Yellow Packets Thr. (%): 70
CBS*/EBS*: 64K/49K
---------------------------------------------------------------------------11) Queue 2:
Enabled
15) Weight:
128
12) Size (CBS* in 8K-byte): 8
16) ED Drop Profile 2A: Disabled
13) Scheduling:
Weighted Fair Q
17) ED Drop Profile 2B: Disabled
14) Yellow Packets Thr. (%): 30
CBS*/EBS*:
64K/19K
---------------------------------------------------------------------------18) Queue 1:
Enabled
22) Weight:
64
19) Size (CBS* in 8K-byte): 8
23) ED Drop Profile 1A: Disabled
20) Scheduling:
Weighted Fair Q
24) ED Drop Profile 1B: Disabled
21) Yellow Packets Thr. (%): 100
CBS*/EBS*:
64K/64K
Select [1-24]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 9-13 Edit Queue Configuration Network Ports screen
9.3.5 ED Drop Profiles on User Ports
ED Drop Profiles are not implemented in this release.
9.3.6 ED Drop Profiles on Network Ports
ED Drop Profiles are not implemented in this release.
102
CoS Configuration
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Queue Statistics
9.4 Queue Statistics
The Queue Statistics screen display will depend on your queue policy. 5. shows queue statistics
for a drop profile based queue. Figure 9-14 shows statistics for a shaping based queue.
NOTE: Drop profiling is disabled in this release.
From the Class of Service Configuration screen (Figure 9-3), type 4 and press Enter. The Queue
Statistics screen (5.) opens.
1. Press CTRL-T to view raw counters.
2. Press CTRL-R to clear the current counters.
3. Press CTRL-S to change the path. For Network Ports, the statistics are presented in
groups of four, corresponding to each ingress User Port.
4. To go to a particular port, type 1 or 2 and press Enter. You are prompted to enter a port
number in the form: U1-16, 10G1, or 10G2.
5. Press Esc to return to the Class of Service Queue Configuration screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------------QUEUE STATISTICS (CURRENT)---------------------Path :
USR15>NET
___LLQ / Q2____
Packets Classified: LLQ:181345783458482347534
Q2: 347823478
Queued Green Packets: 0
0
Queued Yellow Packets: 0
0
Dropped Green Packets: 0
0
Dropped Yellow Packets:0
0
Q1-3: Shared
___Q3 / Q1____
Q3:133494384334343445
Q1:3456234562
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Press [(CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters, (CTRL-S) Switch Path,
<1>NET>Goto,<2>Goto>NET], ESC to return to previous screen:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 9-14 Queue Statistics (Current) screen
103
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
CoS Configuration
Queue Statistics
104
Configuring EVC
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
EVC Functionality
Chapter 10
Configuring EVC
10.0 Introduction
The 9145ELB supports VLAN multiplexing of C-VLANs into S-VLANs. This feature allows
customer frames to be multiplexed into S-VLANs through the use of a C-VLAN/S-VLAN Map.
Each C-VLAN/S-VLAN map corresponds to an Ethernet Virtual Connection (EVC).
The C-VLAN/S-VLAN Map provides a means for ingress service frames at the User Ports to be
uniquely assigned to S-VLAN and forwarded out the Network Ports. Similarly, ingress service
frames at the Network Ports are forwarded to a unique User Port based on the S-Tag of the
frame. Optionally, a “tunnel tag” (T-Tag) may be added to the frames egressing on the Network
Port, between the S-Tag and the C-Tag. This tag can be used for tunnel topologies inside the
Service Provider's network.
10.1 EVC Functionality
This section briefly describes EVC functionality and the entities required for its configuration.
10.1.1 EVC Records
The EVC record is the entity that models the transport functionality of the system. There are a
maximum of 4094 EVC records in the system.
An EVC record links a User Port and a set of C-VLANs on that particular port, with a unique SVLAN on the network side. The record is uniquely identified in the system by the S-VLAN ID.
Service Multiplexing records and All-to-One Bundling records differ in the following ways.
•
Service Multiplexing allows frames belonging to selected C-VLANs to be multiplexed in a
single S-VLAN on the network side. More than one service multiplexing record can be
configured on the same User Port.
•
An All-to-One Bundling multiplexing record indicates that all frames received on the specified User Port, if they are C-VLAN tagged or untagged, are multiplexed in a single SVLAN tag.
The following restrictions are enforced for the consistency of EVC records:
•
If a User Port has All-to-One Bundling configured on it, no other EVC records can be configured on that port. Similarly, if a Service Multiplexing record exists on a User Port, no Allto-One record can be configured on that particular port.
105
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Configuring EVC
EVC Functionality
•
An EVC record can contain only C-VLANs from a single User Port. EVC records do not
span across User Ports.
•
A C-VLAN can belong to only one EVC record per port.
•
The S-VLAN of the EVC record is unique across the system.
A VLAN multiplexing record is operationally up if:
•
The corresponding User Port is operationally up. A User Port is operationally up if both
transmit and receive functions of the port are operationally up, and
•
The corresponding Network Port is operationally up, and
•
The VLAN multiplexing record contains at least one C-VLAN (if Service Multiplexing
type), and
•
The VLAN multiplexing record is administratively up.
Frames received on an operationally down VLAN multiplexing record are dropped, and counted
per port.
10.1.2 User-to-Network Functionality
On the User Ports, the system accepts all Ethernet framing formats supported by 802.1ad-2005
standard. Frames are classified as:
•
Priority tagged frames (Ethertype 0x8100, VID 0)
•
C-Tagged frames (Ethertype 0x8100, VID != 0)
•
Untagged frames that are neither priority tagged nor C-Tagged. Hence S-tagged frames
and all other types of tagging are treated as untagged frames on the User side port.
Based on the frame tagging and EVC records configured on the ingress port, the frame is
forwarded to the Network Port, tagged with a specific S-Tag as an outer tag.
If there is no corresponding EVC record for the ingress C-Tag, the frame is dropped.
10.1.3 Network-to-User Functionality
On the Network Port, the system accepts S-Tagged frames, namely frames tagged with
Ethertype 0x88a8 and a non-zero VID. Untagged frames are accepted, for example, PDUs for a
low-level untagged MEP, or control protocol frames.
If there is an EVC record corresponding to the ingress S-Tag, the frame is forwarded to the User
Port indicated by the record, and stripped of the S-Tag. If no EVC record is found, the frame is
dropped. If the EVC record has the tunnel tagging option enabled, the T-Tag value received in the
frame is compared to the configured value in the EVC record. If it is not a match, the frame is
dropped.
10.1.4 Statistics
An EVC record keeps statistics, as follows:
For an All-to-One Bundling EVC record, the following counters are kept:
•
Number of transmitted frames and bytes at the User Port
•
Number of received frames and bytes at User Port
106
Configuring EVC
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
EVC Functionality
•
Number of transmitted frames and bytes on the Network Port
•
Number of received frames and bytes on the Network Port
For a Service Multiplexing EVC record, the user can select between S-VLAN level statistics
records, and C-VLAN level statistics records.
For S-VLAN level statistics, the following counters are kept:
•
Number of transmitted frames and bytes on the Network Port
•
Number of received frames and bytes on the Network Port
•
Total number of transmitted frames and bytes at the User Port
•
Total number of received frames and bytes at the User Port
For C-VLAN level statistics, the following records are kept:
•
Number of transmitted frames and bytes on the Network Port
•
Number of received frames and bytes on the Network Port
•
Total number of transmitted frames and bytes at User Port
•
Total number of received frames and bytes at User Port
•
Per C-VLAN number of transmitted frames and bytes at User Port
•
Per C-VLAN number of received frames and bytes at User Port
The number of statistics records per system is limited to 128. An EVC record that has statistics
enabled at C-VLAN level uses one statistic record for each C-VLAN in the Service Multiplexing
record.
10.1.5 Screen Navigation
EVC is configured using the menus described in this chapter. The menu hierarchy is illustrated in
Figure 10-1.
To select an item on a screen, type the number of the item and press Enter. The setting will be
highlighted. To toggle between values within that item, press the Space bar.
If there is more than one page, the screen will offer the option of using (F)irst, (P)rev, (N)ext, and
(L)ast to navigate. Press Esc to return to a previous screen.
All screens that show existing objects are refreshed automatically every 5 seconds; items that
are being modified are not refreshed.
107
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Configuring EVC
EVC Functionality
EVC Configuration
Menu
EVC Record List
System TPID
Configuration
Create/Delete EVC
Record
Modify EVC Record
EVC C-VLAN List
CoS to Queue
Mapping
CVID to PCP
Mapping
C-VLAN Translation
P-bit Translation
EVC, CoS level
Policing
View EVC Statistics
Figure 10-1 EVC menu hierarchy
108
Configuring EVC
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
EVC Configuration
10.2 EVC Configuration
NOTE: EVC Configuration Records options replace the VLAN multiplexing configuration of previous versions of the 9145.
Use the following steps to navigate to the EVC configuration records. The Record List is the main
entry point to EVC configuration and Statistics monitoring. It displays all EVC records in the
system. Each EVC record is uniquely identified by the S-VLAN ID.
1. On the Main Menu (Figure 2-3), type 10 and press Enter. The EVC Configuration screen
(Figure 10-2) opens.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------------------------- EVC CONFIGURATION ----------------------------
1) EVC Configuration Records
2) System TPID Configuration
Select [1-2]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-2 EVC Configuration screen
109
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Configuring EVC
EVC Configuration
10.2.1 Create an EVC Record
1. On the EVC Configuration screen (Figure 10-2), type 1 and press Enter. The EVC
Record List screen (Figure 10-3) opens.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------------EVC RECORD LIST---------------Items 1 - 5 of 5S-VLAN
USER
MUX
NAME
STATS
OPERATIONAL
ID
PORT
TYPE
STATE
XXXX/XXXX
C-VLANs
30
C-VLANs
40
C-VLANs
1000
C-VLANs
2000
C-VLANs
USR12 Service Mux 12345678901234567890123456789012 Disabled
(5): UTag, PTag, 20, 21, 22
USR1
All-to-One
EVC 30
Disabled
(All)
10G2
Service Mux EVC 40
Disabled
(1): 40
USR2
Service Mux EVC 100
Disabled
(20): 1000, 1001, 1002, 1003, 1004, 1005, 1006, 1007, 1008...
USR2
Service Mux EVC 200
Disabled
(20): 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008...
DOWN
DOWN
DOWN
DOWN
DOWN
Select [(F)irst, (P)rev, (N)ext, (L)ast, (A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit,
(S)Traffic Statistics, (O) Policing Statistics,<R>eset All EVC Statistics]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-3 EVC Record List screen
2. To create a new record, type A and press Enter. The Create A New EVC Configuration
Record (Figure 10-4) screen opens.
3. In the S-VLAN field, type an ID number and press Enter. The User Interface field is
highlighted.
4. In the User Interface field, press the Space bar to select a User Port and press Enter. The
Name field is highlighted.
5. In the Name field, type name for the record and press Enter. The Multiplexing Type field
is highlighted.
6. In the Multiplexing Type field, press the Space bar to select Service Multiplexing or All-toOne and press Enter. The Administrative State field is highlighted.
7. In the Administrative State field, press the Space bar to select Up or Down. and press
Enter. The Statistics field is highlighted.
8. In the Statistics field, press the Space bar to select Disabled, S-VLAN, or C-VLAN and
press Enter. The S-Tag PCP Value field is highlighted.
9. In the S-Tag PCP Value field, press the Space bar to select Static, Copy from Ingress, or
Map from CVID, and press Enter.
10. In the Static/Default PCP Value field, specify a P-bits value between 0-7, and press Enter.
110
Configuring EVC
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
EVC Configuration
11. In the Tunnel VLAN field, press the Space bar to enable or disable Tunnel VLAN, and
press Enter.
12. In the Tunnel VLAN ID field, type an ID number between 1-4094, and press Enter. If the
Tunnel VLAN is disabled, this attribute is 0.
13. In the Tunnel Tag PCP Value field, press the Space bar to select Static, Copy from
Ingress, or Map from CVID, and press Enter.
14. To accept the new EVC record settings, type A and press Enter. The Modify EVC
Configuration Record screen (Figure 10-5) opens.
15. To modify an attribute value, type the number of the attribute and press Enter, or press
Esc to return to the EVC Record List screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------------CREATE A NEW EVC CONFIGURATION RECORD----------------------1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
9)
10)
11)
13)
S-VLAN ID:
10
User Interface:
USR10
Name:
Textual name for the service
Multiplexing type:
Service Mux/All-to-One
Administrative state: Up
Statistics:Disabled
S-Tag PCP Value:
Map from CVID
8) Static/Default PCP Value: 7
Tunnel VLAN:
Enable/Disable
Tunnel VLAN ID:
1
Tunnel Tag PCP Value: Copy from Ingress 12) Static/Default PCP Value: 7
Cos Classification Mode: PCP
Select [1-13] for attributes, (A) to accept:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-4 Create a New EVC Configuration Record screen
10.2.2 Delete an EVC Record
1. On the EVC Record List screen (Figure 10-3), type D and press Enter. The current EVC
Record is highlighted.
2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the list and highlight the record you wish to delete.
3. Press Enter to delete the highlighted record. You are prompted to confirm the deletion.
111
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Configuring EVC
EVC Configuration
10.2.3 Modify an EVC record
1. On the EVC Record List screen (Figure 10-3), type E and press Enter. The current record
is highlighted.
2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the list and highlight the record to modify. When the
record you want to modify is highlighted, press Enter. The Modify EVC Configuration
Record screen (Figure 10-5 or Figure 10-6, depending on your configuration) opens.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-----------------------MODIFY EVC CONFIGURATION RECORD-------------------------SS-VLAN ID:
1
(88A8)
TTag: Disabled 0
(8100)
User Interface:
USR1
Network Interface:
NET1
Name:
u1
Multiplexing type:
Service Mux
Operational state:
DOWN
1) Administrative state:
UP
2) Statistics:
Disabled
3) S-Tag PCP Value:
Copy from ingress 4) Static/Default PCP Value: 1
5) T-Tag PCP Value:
Copy from ingress 6) Static/Default PCP Value: 0
7) CoS Classification Mode: PCP
8) CoS to Queue Mapping
9) Assign Policer Profile
10) CVID to S-Tag PCP Mapping
11) CVID to T-Tag PCP Mapping
12) P-Bit Translation
13) C-VLAN Translation
14) View/modify C-VLAN List
(# of VLANs: 0)
Select [1-14] for attributes:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-5 Modify EVC Configuration Record screen (Service MUX)
112
Configuring EVC
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
EVC Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-----------------------MODIFY EVC CONFIGURATION RECORD--------------------------
1)
2)
3)
5)
7)
9)
10)
12)
S-VLAN ID:
2
(88A8)
TTag: Disabled 0
(8100)
User Interface:
USR2
Network Interface:
NET1
Name:
dfgdfg
Multiplexing type:
All-to-One
Operational state:
DOWN
Administrative state:
UP
Statistics:
S-VLAN
S-Tag PCP Value:
Copy from ingress 4) Static/Default PCP Value: 1
T-Tag PCP Value:
Copy from ingress 6) Static/Default PCP Value: 0
CoS Classification Mode: PCP
8) CoS to Queue Mapping
Assign Policer Profile
CVID to S-Tag PCP Mapping
11) CVID to T-Tag PCP Mapping
P-Bit Translation
Select [1-12] for attributes:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-6 Modify EVC Configuration screen (All-to-One)
3. To change the Administrative State, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select
Up or Down, and press Enter.
4. To change the statistics display, type 2 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select SVLAN, C-VLAN, or Disabled, and press Enter.
If you set the statistics mode for a service multiplexing record to C-VLAN then you can
see the service multiplexing statistics detailed at C-VLAN level (as in Figure 10-16).
To change the S-Tag PCP Value, type 3 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select
Map from CVID, Static or Copy from Ingress, and press Enter.
5. To change the Static/Default PCP value for the S-Tag, type 4 and press Enter.
6. To change the T-Tag PCP value, type 5 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select
Map from CVID, Static or Copy from Ingress, and press Enter.
7. To change the Static/Default PCP value for the T-Tag, type 6 and press Enter.
8. To change the CoS classification mode, type 7 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to
make a selection.
9. To modify CoS to Queue mapping, type 8 and press Enter. For steps, see “Viewing or
Modifying the C-VLAN List” on page 118.
10. To modify the assigned policer profile, or allocate new policers to EVC or EVC/COS, type
9 and press Enter. The VLAN/COS Policing screen (Figure 10-7) opens. Note that if the
EVC belongs to a User Port for which policing is enable at the port level, this screen is
read only and displays the port-level policer information.
113
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Configuring EVC
EVC Configuration
•
To set a policing level, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select
None, EVC or PCP, and press Enter.
•
To assign a policer ID, type a number between 1 and 4096, and press Enter.
•
To assign a bandwidth profile, type 3 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to
select a profile and press Enter.
•
Press Esc to return to the Modify EVC Configuration Record screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------------- VLAN/COS POLICING -------------------------------S-VLAN ID:
1001
(# of C-VLAN 4096):
1) Policing Level:
2) Policer Id:
3) Bandwidth profile:
None
N/A
N/A
Specific PCP Policers:
PCP
Policer
4) 0
Not Policed
5) 0
Not Policed
6) 0
Not Policed
7) 0
Not Policed
8) 0
Not Policed
9) 0
Not Policed
10) 0
Not Policed
11) 0
Not Policed
Bandwidth Profile
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Select [1-11]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-7 VLAN/COS Policing screen
11. To view or modify C-VLAN translation, type 13 and press Enter. The C-VLAN ID
Translation Table screen (Figure 10-8) opens.
NOTE: This screen is not accessible for All-to-One bundles or if T-Tagging is enabled for any
EVC. By default, each C-VLAN is mapped to itself (that is, there is no translation) and such
default translation is not displayed. If T-Tag is enabled for an EVC, all the C-VID translation configuration will be reset to default.
•
114
To add a C-VLAN, C-VLAN ID Translation Table screen, type 1 and press Enter.
You are prompted to type a number from 1-4094, and press Enter. Enter the
ingress C-VLAN ID that you wish to be subject to the C-VLAN ID translation, followed by the corresponding translated C-VLAN ID. Because the translated CVLAN IDs are used for the service multiplexing, they have to be included in the
EVC C-VLAN ID list, otherwise the request will be rejected. The ingress C-VLAN
Configuring EVC
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
EVC Configuration
ID are the values of the VLAN ID in the frames received on the User Ports. Do not
attempt to translate ingress C-VLAN IDs that are in the EVC C-VLAN ID list, as an
error will be generated. The EVC C-VLAN IDs are the egress (network side) CVLAN IDs.
•
To delete a C-VLAN translation record, type 1 and press Enter. You are prompted
to type the ingress C-VLAN ID that you wish to remove from the C-VLAN translation table. To delete a record from the table, simply translate the VLAN ID to itself
by entering the same VLAN ID in the “New VLAN ID” field.
•
Press Esc to return to the Modify EVC Configuration Record screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device 29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------------C-VLAN ID TRANSLATION TABLE --------Page 1 of 2 ---------S-VLAN ID: 100
Port: USR12
User 12 <=> Network User 12 <=> Network User 12 <=> Network User 12 <=> Network
------------------ ------------------ ------------------ -----------------20 <=> 20
21 <=> 21
22 <=> 22
23 <=> 223
24 <=> 224
25 <=> 225
1) Add/Delete/Modify C-VLAN Translation
2) Check if C-VLAN in Translation Table
CTRL-D: page down, CTRL-U: page up, CTRL-T: Toggle View from User/Network
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-8 C-VLAN ID Translation Table screen
12. To view or modify CVID to S-Tag PCP Mapping, type 10 and press Enter. The C-VLAN to
S-Tag PCP Map screen (Figure 10-9) opens. By default, all CVLAN IDs in the EVC record
map to the best effort PCP (0).
•
To modify the mapping, type M and press Enter. You are prompted to enter a CVLAN ID in the range 1 -4094, or (U)ntagged, or (P)riority tagged. For each
CVLAN ID, enter the desired value of the S-Tag PCP.
•
You can search for specific C-VLAN by ID number. See the Find instructions at
the bottom of your screen. Once a VLAN is selected, only the mapping corresponding to this VLAN is displayed.
•
Press Esc to return to the Modify EVC Configuration Record screen.
115
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Configuring EVC
EVC Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-B83-0 V04.01
07:33:19
--------------------------CVLAN to S-Tag PCP MAP-------------------------------SVLAN ID : 100
Port : USR12
CVIDs Ingress to User Port 12
S-Tag PCP
UTag, PTag, 100, 101, 102, 103
200, 201, 202
300, 301, 302
400, 401, 402
500, 501, 502
600, 601, 602
700, 701, 702
800, 801, 802
-->
-->
-->
-->
-->
-->
-->
-->
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Select [1 - Modify assignments]:
CTRL-D: page down, CTRL-U: page up, (G)oto
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-9 C-VLAN to S-Tag PCP Map screen
13. To specify CVID PCP translation rules for C-TAG PCPs, type 12 and press Enter. The PBit translation screen (Figure 10-10) opens.
116
•
Type the number of the incoming P-Bit and press Enter, or CTRL-T to switch
direction.
•
Press Esc to return to the Modify EVC Configuration Record screen 2.
Configuring EVC
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
EVC Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------------------P-BIT TRANSLATION TABLE----------------------------S-VLAN ID: 100
Port: USER12
Ingress Port:
Egress Port:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
Incoming
Incoming
Incoming
Incoming
Incoming
Incoming
Incoming
Incoming
P-Bit
P-Bit
P-Bit
P-Bit
P-Bit
P-Bit
P-Bit
P-Bit
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
translated
translated
translated
translated
translated
translated
translated
translated
9) P-Bit Translation Enabled?
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
User 13
Network
------0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
User 14
Network
------0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
User 15
Network
-------
User 16
Network
-------
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
No
Select [1-9] or CTRL-T to switch direction:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-10 P-Bit Translation Table screen
14. To modify CVID to T-Tag PCP Mapping, type 11 and press Enter. The C-VLAN to T-Tag
PCP Map screen (Figure 10-11) opens.
NOTE: This screen is available only if T-Tag PCP mapping is set to C-VLAN. By default, any
VLAN in the EVC is assigned to PCP 0. If the T-Tag PCP mapping mode is changed, the configuration record will be reset to default values.
•
To modify the mapping, type M and press Enter. You are prompted to enter a CVLAN ID.
•
You can search for specific C-VLAN by ID number. See the Find instructions at
the bottom of your screen.
•
Press Esc to return to the Modify EVC Configuration Record screen.
117
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Configuring EVC
EVC Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------------------C-VLAN to T-Tag PCP MAP-----------------------------SVLAN ID : 100
Port : USR12
CVIDs Ingress to User Port 12
TTag PCP
100, 101, 102, 103,
120, 121, 122, 121
123, 124, 126, 182
-->
0
200,
300,
400,
500,
600,
700,
800,
-->
-->
-->
-->
-->
-->
-->
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
201,
301,
401,
501,
601,
701,
801,
202
302
402
502
602
702
802
Select [1 - Modify assignments]:
CTRL-D: page down, CTRL-U: page up, (G)oto
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-11 C-VLAN to T-Tag PCP Map screen
15. Press Esc to return to the EVC Record List screen.
10.2.3.1 Viewing or Modifying the C-VLAN List
NOTE: This selection is only available for Service MUX.
1. On the Modify EVC Configuration Record screen (Figure 10-5), type 14 and press Enter.
The EVC Record C-VLAN List screen (Figure 10-12) opens. This screen specifies which
packets will be treated as members of the EVC.
2. To add or delete C-VLAN IDs, type an ID or range of IDs and press Enter.
3. To add or delete Untagged and Priority Tagged frames, type U for untagged or P for
Priority tagged and press Enter.
118
Configuring EVC
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
EVC Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
---------------------------EVC RECORD C-VLAN LIST---------Items 1 - 101 of 101S-VLAN ID:
1
11
21
31
41
51
61
71
81
91
UTag
2
12
22
32
42
52
62
72
82
92
3
3
13
23
33
43
53
63
73
83
93
User Interface: USR3
4
14
24
34
44
54
64
74
84
94
5
15
25
35
45
55
65
75
85
95
6
16
26
36
46
56
66
76
86
96
7
17
27
37
47
57
67
77
87
97
Number of C-VLANs:
8
18
28
38
48
58
68
78
88
98
9
19
29
39
49
59
69
79
89
99
101
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Enter C-VLAN ID x or a Range x-y [1-4094],
(U)ntagged, (P)riority tagged:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-12 EVC Record C-VLAN List screen
10.2.3.2 Mapping a Queue on the User Port in C-VID
C-VID based classification must be enabled for the User Ports, using the Class of Service queue
configuration menu (Figure 9-4), for this functionality to work. Otherwise, the screen will not be
available.
If you selected C-VID for the User Port, you can use the User Port Tagged Packet Classifier
Mapping screen (C-VID Mode) (Figure 10-13) to select a port, change the queue assignment,
and view the queue assignment of a particular C-VLAN or range of C-VLANs. The screen
displays the first 40 C-VID queue assignments. To view more, use step 3, below.
1. To change User Port, on the User Port Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping screen (C-VID
Mode), type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select a User Port, and then
press Enter.
2. To change the queue assignment, type 2 and press Enter.
•
Enter a C-VLAN ID (C-VID) or a range of IDs from 1-4094 and press Enter.
•
Enter the queue ID (1-3) for Q1-Q3 or 4 for LLQ. and press Enter. The queue
assignment changes to the new value. (Only a queue that is enabled can be
selected. To enable or disable a queue, see “Queues Configuration on Network
Ports” on page 101.)
3. To view the queue assignment of a particular C-VID (other than the first 40 already shown
on your screen), type 3 and press Enter.
119
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Configuring EVC
EVC Configuration
•
Enter a C-VLAN ID (C-VID) and press Enter. The screen displays a page of 40 CVIDs, including the C-VID you selected.
4. To return to the Tagged Packet Classifier Configuration screen, press Esc.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------- USER PORT TAGGED PACKET CLASSIFIER MAPPING (C-VID MODE) -----------1) Port:
USR1
Page 1 of 103 Total 4094 entries
C-VID <=> Queue
--------------(PTAG)<=> Q2
1 <=> Q3
2 <=> Q3
3 <=> Q3
4 <=> Q3
5 <=> Q3
6 <=> Q3
7 <=> Q3
8 <=> Q3
9 <=> Q3
10 <=> Q3
C-VID <=> Queue
--------------11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
C-VID <=> Queue
--------------21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
C-VID <=> Queue
--------------31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
<=>
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
Q3
2) Modify assignment
3) Go to C-VID
Select [1-3]:
CTRL-D: page down, CTRL-U: page up
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-13 User Port Tagged Packet Classifier Mapping (C-VID Mode) screen
10.2.4 Display EVC Statistics
EVC statistics can be displayed in both raw and current mode. Press CTRL-T to toggle between
the two modes.
1. On the EVC Record List screen (Figure 10-2), type S and press Enter. The current EVC
Record is highlighted.
2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the list and highlight the record for which you want
to display statistics.
3. Press Enter to select a highlighted record. The EVC Record Statistics (Current) screen
(Figure 10-14) opens.
4. To view raw statistics (Figure 10-15), press CTRL-T.
5. To reset all counters, type R and press Enter.
6. Press Esc to return to the EVC Record List screen.
120
Configuring EVC
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
EVC Configuration
.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-----------------------EVC RECORD STATISTICS (CURRENT)-------------------------S-VLAN ID:
User Interface:
Network Interface:
Multiplexing type:
C-VLAN level statistics:
10
USR1
NET1
Service Mux
Disabled
Rx Frames at user port
Tx Frames at user port
0
0
Rx Frames at network port
Tx Frames at network port
0
0
Rx Bytes at user port
Tx Bytes at user port
0
0
Rx Bytes at network port
Tx Bytes at network port
0
0
Select [CTRL-T - current/raw, (R)eset counters, ESC to return]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-14 EVC Record Statistics (Current) screen
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-B83-0 V04.01
01:27:03
--------------------------EVC RECORD STATISTICS (RAW)--------------------------S-VLAN ID:
User Interface:
Network Interface:
Multiplexing type:
20
USR12
LAG1
All-to-One
Rx Frames at User Port:
Tx Frames at User Port:
Rx Bytes at User Port:
Tx Bytes at User Port:
1010
820
1010
820
Rx Frames at Network Port:
Tx Frames at Network Port:
Rx Bytes at Network Port:
Tx Bytes at Network Port:
820
1010
820
1010
Select [CTRL-T to view current counters (R)eset counters, ESC to return]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-15 EVC Record Statistics (Raw) screen
121
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Configuring EVC
EVC Configuration
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Devicee
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------EVC RECORD C-VLAN STATISTICS (CURRENT) Display 1 - 3 of 3-------S-VLAN ID:
User Interface:
Network Interface:
Multiplexing type:
CVlan
88
99
UTag
Tx Bytes
0
0
0
1
USR1
NET1
Service Mux
Rx Bytes
0
0
0
Tx Frames
0
0
0
Rx Frames
0
0
0
Select [(F)irst, (P)rev, (N)ext, (L)ast] to change pages,
CTRL-T current/raw, ESC to return:
-----------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-16 C-VLAN Level Statistics screen
122
Configuring EVC
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
EVC Configuration
10.2.5 S-TPID/T-TPID Configuration
S-TPID and T-TPID are configured at the system level. The allowed values are 88A8 and 8100.
1. On the EVC Configuration screen, type 2 and press Enter. The S-TPID/T-TPID
Configuration screen (Figure 10-17) opens.
2. To edit the S-Tag TPID, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select 88A8 or
8100, and press Enter.
3. To edit the T-Tag TPID, type 2 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select 88A8 or
8100, and press Enter.
4. Type A to accept your changes.
5. Press Enter to return to the S-TPID/T-TPID Configuration screen.
6. Press Esc to return to the EVC Configuration screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------S-TPID/T-TPID CONFIGURATION---------------------------
1) S-Tag TPID:
2) T-Tag TPID:
88A8
8100
Select [1-2]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 10-17 S-TPID/T-TPID Configuration screen
123
Configuring EVC
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
EVC Configuration
124
Bandwidth Profiles
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Bandwidth Profiles
Chapter 11
Bandwidth Profiles
This chapter describes the Ethernet Traffic engineering features available in this release of the
9145ELB.
11.1 Bandwidth Profiles
Bandwidth Profiling is based on the two-rate three-color marking scheme found in MEF 10.2.
This algorithm defines six parameters: CIR, CBS, EIR, EBS, CF and CM. Each frame is
associated with a single ingress and/or a single egress Bandwidth Profile (BWP). The algorithm
determines the level of a frame's compliance to the BWP by marking it Green, Yellow or Red.
A bandwidth profile is a passive entity that characterizes a certain traffic flow. The entity is
passive because, by itself, a bandwidth profile does not affect the traffic in any way; it must be
attached to a policer or a shaper in order to produce effects on the traffic.
A bandwidth profile record contains:
•
A unique numerical identifier, between 1 and 4096; the profile is associated with a shaper
or policer using this numerical identifier.
•
A name, for your reference.
•
A bandwidth profile type, either a policing profile or a shaping profile.
•
Committed Information parameters:
•
Committed Information Rate (CIR) is expressed in kilobits (Kbits) per second. It
defines the average rate in Kbits of service frames up to which the network delivers and meets the performance objectives defined by the CoS Service Attribute.
CIR must be greater than or equal to 0. When CIR equals 0, it indicates a “best
effort” profile.
•
Committed Burst Size (CBS) is expressed in kilobytes (Kbytes). CBS limits the
maximum number of Kbytes available for burst frames sent at the line speed to
remain CIR-conformant. This represents the maximum number of tokens in the
CIR token bucket.
125
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Bandwidth Profiles
Bandwidth Profiles
•
Excess Information Parameters:
•
Excess Information Rate (EIR) is expressed in Kbits per second. It defines the
average rate in Kbits of service frames up to which the network may deliver service frames, but without any performance objectives. EIR must be greater than or
equal to 0.
•
Excess Burst Size (EBS) is expressed in Kbytes. It limits the maximum number of
Kbytes available for a burst of Service Frames sent at the line speed to conform to
EIR. This represents the maximum amount of tokens in the EIR token bucket.
•
A Coupling Flag (CF), which allows the choice between two modes of operation of the
rate enforcement algorithm. It determines whether excess tokens from the CIR bucket
can be put into the EIR bucket. It must have only one of two possible values, 0 or 1. For
the 9145ELB, the value of the coupling flag is 0.
•
The Color Mode parameter, which indicates whether the color-aware or color-blind property is employed by the Bandwidth Profile. It takes a value of color-blind or color-aware
only. In the case of the 9145ELB, this value is color-blind for the policers and color-aware
for the shapers. This is read-only attribute.
•
A reference counter, indicating the number of policers or shapers using the profile. Only
profiles that are not in use can be deleted or modified.
Up to 2048 policer bandwidth profile records can be stored on a 9145ELB system.
Note that you cannot delete the default “best effort” shaping profile (CIR = EIR = 0).
The BWP algorithm is illustrated in Figure 11-1. There are two buckets: the C bucket and the E
bucket. These buckets get filled at a rate determined by CIR and EIR, respectively. The C
bucket has a depth of CBS and the E bucket has a depth of EBS. If the Coupling Flag is enabled
and the C bucket overflows with tokens, these excess tokens will be transferred to the E bucket.
In this manner, the Coupling Flag can control the amount of frames that get marked yellow by the
system.
126
Bandwidth Profiles
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Policers
Figure 11-1 Bandwidth Profiling Algorithm
When a packet is received of size B bytes in length, the algorithm checks to see if there are at
least B tokens currently in the C bucket. If so, the C bucket is decremented by B and the packet
is forwarded on with a compliance level of Green. If there are less than B tokens in the C bucket,
the E bucket is checked to see if it has sufficient tokens. If the E bucket has at least B tokens,
then the packet is forwarded on with a compliance level of Yellow. If both the C and E buckets
have insufficient tokens, the packet is said to have a compliance level of Red, and is discarded.
11.2 Policers
Policers limit the ingress traffic on User Ports, according to an associated bandwidth profile.
There are a maximum of 128 policers per User Port.
A policer is created and destroyed by the system and has the following attributes:
•
a unique numerical policer ID
•
a textual name
•
a policing bandwidth profile record attached to the policer. Several policers may share the
same bandwidth profile.
•
the attached traffic flow type. A policer may be attached to:
127
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Bandwidth Profiles
Shapers
•
•
A User Port - If a policer is associated with a User Port, no other policers (service
multiplexing level or CoS flow level policers) can be enabled on that port. For
more information, see the section “Port Filters screen” on page 62.
•
A service multiplexing record
•
A CoS flow, identified by a service multiplexing value and a PCP value. When
policing is performed per EVC/CoS, all PCP values not associated with a policer
are not policed and are therefore filtered.
an administrative state of the policer, which allows you to enable and disable traffic policing, without the need to re-provision the policer.
A policer classifies ingress frames as green, yellow or dropped (that is, frames it decides to drops
because they exceed the contract). Yellow frames are indicated by the DE bit set in the outer tag
on the egress (NET) port. If the frames are double tagged according to the service multiplexing
configuration, then the DE bit is replicated in the outer (S) and tunnel (T) tag.
The CFI bit in the ingress C-Tagged frames remain unchanged and is not copied to the egress
outer tag.
A Service Multiplexing record associated with a policer, either at SM level or at the CoS flow
level, cannot be deleted as long as the policer is still configured.
For steps for configuring port-level policing, see the section “Port Filters screen” on page 62.
11.3 Shapers
The shapers have been implemented as double-rate token bucket shapers. Figure 11-2
illustrates the queuing and transmission scheduling entities and parameters.
Figure 11-2 Shaping Entities
128
Bandwidth Profiles
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Shapers
The double-rate shaping algorithm specifies six parameters:
•
CIR: The shaping rate for packets declared Green.
•
CBS: The output burst of Green packets.
•
CBS*: The maximum burst of Green packets that the queue can accommodate (equivalent to the size of the queue).
•
EIR: The shaping rate for packets declared Yellow.
•
EBS: The output burst of Yellow packets.
•
EBS*: The maximum burst of Yellow packets that the queue can accommodate.
It should be noted that CBS* is greater than or equal to CBS and EBS* is greater than or equal to
EBS. Therefore, the input to the queues can accept a larger burst of traffic than what is output
from the queue (which is the desired behavior for a shaper).
Green and Yellow packets are placed in the queue until the occupancy state exceeds EBS*.
After that point, only Green packets will be allowed into the queue, and all Yellow packets will be
discarded. The transmission scheduling mechanism will continuously transmit frames from the
head of the queue at the CIR without re-coloring them. If the queue occupancy state exceeds
THS (i.e., the queue is almost full by less than one packet of maximum size), then the
transmission scheduling mechanism will transmit the frame at the head of the queue at CIR+EIR,
but it will force its color to Yellow.
There are 19 shapers in the system. They cannot be deleted or created but you can disable or
enable them. An unassigned shaper, that is, a shaper without a profile, is always disabled. In
principle, one shaper is assigned for each Network Port queue; however, several queues can be
assigned to the same shaper.
The 19 shaper entities are created automatically at system startup. By default:
•
Shaper 1 is enabled, and assigned to a best effort egress bandwidth profile. Internally, all
queues are assigned to this shaper by default.
•
Shaping is disabled for the remaining 18 shapers and the shapers are not assigned.
In order to enable the shaping function, you must associate a shaping bandwidth profile with a
shaper, assign a shaper with a particular entity, and enable the shaping administratively.
Changing the profile associated with a shaper is possible only if the shaping function is disabled.
A shaper can be assigned to:
•
The entire Network Port. In this case, the entire egress traffic is shaped according to a
single traffic profile. By default, at system startup, the Network Port is assigned to shaper
1, which in turn has a best effort bandwidth profile associated.
•
A single Network Port egress queue, or a group of Network Port egress queues. This
allows you to specify the finest granularity for the traffic shaping. Several queues can be
assigned to the same shaper. It is the responsibility of the user to insure consistency
between the desired shaping outcome and the queue classification configuration.
129
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Bandwidth Profiles
Queue size and yellow packet thresholds
11.3.1 Shaper statistics
Shaper related statistics are the same as egress queue statistics. The following statistics are
collected per queue:
•
Total classified packets (that is, packets assigned to the queue)
•
Total packets dropped according to drop profile (not applicable if shaping is enabled on
the queue)
•
Total queued green packets and total queued yellow packets
•
Total dropped green packets and total dropped yellow packets (packets dropped due to
shaping)
For shaping purposes, yellow packets are marked with the DE bit set in the outer tag.
11.4 Queue size and yellow packet thresholds
Each egress queue has a configured frame size which indicates the number of bytes that can be
held in the queue while awaiting transmission. In this release, a new parameter, yellow packet
threshold (EBS*), is configured on each queue, expressed as a percentage. Once a queue
occupancy exceeds the specified yellow threshold, only green packets are accepted in the
queue. The yellow packets (that is, packets with DE bit set, as defined by the policer) are
dropped. For example, for a queue of a size of 1000 bytes, with a yellow threshold at 70%, yellow
frames will no longer be placed in the queue when the queue occupancy is greater than 700
bytes.
Packets accepted in the queue are sent out at CIR rate, as long as the queue occupancy is
below the yellow threshold. Once the queue occupancy is above the yellow threshold, the frames
are transmitted at EIR rate, until the queue occupancy decreases under the yellow threshold.
Frames sent under the EIR rate are marked as yellow (that is, DE bit set) regardless of the color
determined by the policer. The yellow frames marked as such by the policier are not remarked to
green by the shaper, regardless of the queue occupancy at the time of transmission.
130
Bandwidth Profiles
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Configuring Bandwidth Profiles
11.5 Configuring Bandwidth Profiles
Use the following steps to navigate to the Bandwidth Profile screens.
1. On the Main Menu (Figure 2-3), type 11 and press Enter. The Bandwidth Profile
Enforcement screen (Figure 11-3) opens.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------BANDWIDTH PROFILE ENFORCEMENT-------------------------
1) Bandwidth Profiles
2) User To Net Ingress Policers
3) User To Net Egress Shapers
Select [1-3]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 11-3 Bandwidth Profile Enforcement screen
11.5.1 Create a Bandwidth Profile
1. On the Bandwidth Profile Enforcement screen, type 1 and press Enter. The Bandwidth
Profiles List screen (Figure 11-4) opens.
2. To create a new profile, type A and press Enter. The Create a New Bandwidth Profile
Record (Figure 11-5) screen opens. The cursor is positioned in the Type field.
3. Press the Space bar to select Policer profile or Shaper profile and press Enter. The
cursor moves to the ID field.
4. Type an ID number from 1-4096 and press Enter. The cursor moves to the CIR field.
NOTE: See the section “Bandwidth Profiles” on page 125, for more information about these
fields.
5. In the CIR field, type a number between 0 and 1000000 and press Enter. The cursor
moves to the CBS field.
6. In the CBS field, type a number between 80 and 120, or 0 and press Enter. The cursor
moves to the EIR field.
7. In the EIR field, type a number between 0 and 1000000 and press Enter. The cursor
moves to the EBS field.
8. In the EBS field, type a number between 80 and 120, or 0 and press Enter. The cursor
moves to the EIR field.
131
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Bandwidth Profiles
Configuring Bandwidth Profiles
9. Type A to accept the Policer profile values. If any of the values you entered are out of
range, you will see an error message. Enter the number of the filed to change and press
Enter.
10. Press Esc to return to the Bandwidth Profile List screen.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
----------------------------BANDWIDTH PROFILE LIST-------------Items 1 - 2 of 2-
Name
Policer BWP 1001
Shaper BWP 1002
ID
1001
1002
CIR
Type Mbps
Pol. 1.0
Shap. 1.0
CBS
KBytes
80
80
EIR
Mbps
1.0
1.0
EBS
KBytes
80
80
Ref
Cnt
128
19
Select [(F)irst, (P)rev, (L)ast, (N)ext, (A)dd, (D)elete, (E)dit]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 11-4 Bandwidth Profile List screen
132
Bandwidth Profiles
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Configuring Bandwidth Profiles
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-----------------------------CREATE NEW BW PROFILE-----------------------------1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Type:
ID:
Name:
CIR (Kbps):
CBS (Kbytes):
EIR (Kbps):
EBS (Kbytes):
Policer Profile
1001
Policer BWP 1001
1000
80
1000
80
Select [1-7], (A) to accept:.
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 11-5 Create a New Bandwidth Profile screen (with Policer profile specified)
11.5.2 Delete a Bandwidth Profile
1. On the Bandwidth Profile List screen (Figure 11-4), type D and press Enter. The current
profile is highlighted.
2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the list and highlight the record you wish to delete.
3. Press Enter to delete the highlighted record. You are prompted to confirm the deletion.
4. Type Y to confirm the deletion, or N to cancel.
5. Press Esc to return to the Bandwidth Profile List screen.
11.5.3 Modify a Bandwidth Profile
1. On the Bandwidth Profile List screen (Figure 11-4), type E and press Enter. The current
record is highlighted.
2. Press the Space bar to scroll through the list and highlight the record to modify. When the
record you want to modify is highlighted, press Enter. The Modify Bandwidth Profile
Record screen (Figure 11-6) opens. Note that this screen is identical for Policers and
Shapers.
3. Only the name and traffic parameters can be modified. Type the number of the field you
wish to modify and press Enter.
4. When you are finished making changes, type A to accept and press Enter.
5. Press Esc to return to the Bandwidth Profile List screen.
133
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Bandwidth Profiles
Configuring Bandwidth Profiles
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------------MODIFY BW PROFILE-------------------------------
ID:
Reference counter:
Coupling flag:
Color mode:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
BW Profile Name:
CIR (Kbps):
CBS (Kbytes):
EIR (Kbps):
EBS (Kbytes):
1002
Shaper profile
1
Disabled
Color-Aware
sHAPER wp 10S
1000
80
1000
80
Select [1-5]
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 11-6 Modify Bandwidth Profile screen (with Shaper profile specified)
134
Bandwidth Profiles
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
User to Network Ingress Policers
11.6 User to Network Ingress Policers
For steps for configuring port-level policing, see the section “Port Filters screen” on page 62.
You can view and modify user to network ingress policers.
11.6.1 Modifying a Policer
1. On the Bandwidth Profile Enforcement screen (Figure 11-3), type 2 and press Enter. The
Ingress Policer List screen (Figure 11-7) opens.
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-----------------------------Ingress POLICER LIST-----------Items 1 - 13 of 128-
ID
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Name
Policer_1
Policer_2
Policer_3
Policer_4
Policer_5
Policer_6
Policer_7
Policer_8
Policer_9
Policer_10
Policer_11
Policer_12
Policer_13
Level
EVC
EVC
EVC
EVC
EVC
EVC
EVC
EVC
EVC
EVC
EVC
EVC
EVC
User
Port
USR1
USR1
USR1
USR1
USR1
USR1
USR1
USR1
USR1
USR1
USR1
USR1
USR1
S-VLAN
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
PCP
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
ALL
BW Profile
1001
1001
1001
1001
1001
1001
1001
1001
1001
1001
1001
1001
1001
State
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Up
Select [(F)irst, (P)rev, (L)ast, (N)ext, (E)dit,
(S)tatistics, (R)eset all statistics]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 11-7 Ingress Policer List screen
2. To modify a policer, type E and press Enter. The Modify A Policer screen (Figure 11-8)
opens.
135
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Bandwidth Profiles
User to Network Ingress Policers
Canoga Perkins Corp.
Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Devicee
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------------- MODIFY A POLICER -----------------------------ID:
1
Policing Level:
EVC
Port (UNI):
USR1
S-VLAN (EVC):
1
CoS ID (PCP):
ALL
1) Administrative State:
2) Name:
3) BW Profile ID:
PARAMETERS
---------------BW Profile Name:
CIR:
CBS:
EIR:
EBS:
Up
Policer_1
1001
Policer BWP 1001
1.0 Mbps
80
Kbytes
1.0 Mbps
80
Kbytes
Select [1-3]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 11-8 Modify a Policer screen
3. To change the Administrative state, type 1 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select
Up or Down.
4. To change the name, type 2 and press Enter. Type a name for the policer and press
Enter.
5. To change the bandwidth profile ID, type 3 and press Enter. Type the bandwidth ID and
press Enter.
6. Press Enter to accept your changes.
7. Press Esc to return to the Bandwidth Profile Enforcement screen.
136
Bandwidth Profiles
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
User to Network Ingress Policers
11.6.2 Viewing Policer Statistics
1. On the Bandwidth Profile Enforcement screen (Figure 11-3), type 2 and press Enter. The
Ingress Policer List screen (Figure 11-9) opens.
2. To view current policer statistics, type S and press Enter.
3. Press CTRL-T to view raw counters.
4. Press CTRL-R to reset counters.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
--------------------------- POLICER STATISTICS (CURRENT) ----------------------ID:
Policing Level:
1
EVC
Policer:
BW Profile:
Port:
S-VLAN:
CoS ID (PCP):
Policer_1
1001
USR1
1
ALL
Frames Marked Green :
Frames Marked Yellow:
Frames Dropped (Red):
CIR:
CBS:
EIR:
EBS:
1.0
80
1.0
80
Mbps
Kbytes
Mbps
Kbytes
0
0
0
Select [(CTRL-T) Raw Counters, (CTRL-R) Reset Counters]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 11-9 Policer Statistics screen
137
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
Bandwidth Profiles
User to Network Egress Shapers
11.7 User to Network Egress Shapers
You can view and edit user to network egress shapers. Each queue, identified by a <user port,
queue> pair, can be assigned (or unassigned) to one shaper.
11.7.1 Viewing the Shapers List
1. On the Bandwidth Profile Enforcement screen (Figure 11-3), type 4 and press Enter. The
Egress Shapers List screen (Figure 11-10) opens. There are 19 shapers.
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-----------------------------EGRESS SHAPERS LIST------------------------------Shaper
BW Profile
Status
Queues
Shaper BW Profile
Status
Queues
------ ------------ -------- ----------- ------------------- -----1
Shaper BWP 1 Enabled
1
11
Shaper BWP 1
Enabled
1
2
Shaper BWP 1 Enabled
1
12
Shaper BWP 1
Enabled
1
3
Shaper BWP 1 Enabled
1
13
Shaper BWP 1
Enabled
1
4
Shaper BWP 1 Enabled
1
14
Shaper BWP 1
Enabled
1
5
Shaper BWP 1 Enabled
1
15
Shaper BWP 1
Enabled
1
6
Shaper BWP 1 Enabled
1
16
Shaper BWP 1
Enabled
1
7
Shaper BWP 1 Enabled
1
17
Shaper BWP 1
Enabled
1
8
Shaper BWP 1 Enabled
1
18
Shaper BWP 1
Enabled
1
9
Shaper BWP 1 Enabled
1
19
Shaper BWP 1
Enabled
1
10
Shaper BWP 1 Enabled
1
Select shaper[1-19]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 11-10 Egress Shapers List screen
11.7.2 Modifying a Shaper
1. On the Egress Shapers List screen (Figure 11-10), type the number of the shaper you
wish to modify and press Enter. The Egress Shaper Configuration screen (Figure 11-11)
opens.
2. To change the bandwidth profile, type 20 and press Enter Press the Space bar to select
Best Effort or None, and press Enter.
3. To enable or disable the shaper, type 21 and press Enter. Press the Space bar to select
Enable or Disable, and press Enter.
4. To assign a queue to a shaper, type i and press Enter. A specific queue can be assigned
to one shaper only.
5. To delete a queue from a shaper, type the number of the User Port and press Enter. You
are prompted to type the queue number for the selected port.
6. Type the number of the queue from which the shaper will be deleted and press Enter.
7. Type A to accept your changes, and press Enter.
8. Press Esc to return to the Egress Shapers List screen.
138
Bandwidth Profiles
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
User to Network Egress Shapers
Canoga Perkins Corp. Ethernet 1G/10G Network Interface Device
29-AUG-2011
9145ELB-971-4-0 V04.01
10:55:13
-------------------------EGRESS SHAPER CONFIGURATION--------------------------Shaper: 1
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
Queue
----------User 1 LLQ
User 2 LLQ
User 3 LLQ
User 4 LLQ
User 5 LLQ
User 6 LLQ
User 7 LLQ
User 8 LLQ
User 9 LLQ
User 10 LLQ
Status
-----------Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
Queue
----------User 11 LLQ
User 12 LLQ
User 13 LLQ
User 14 LLQ
User 15 LLQ
User 16 LLQ
Queue 1
Queue 2
Queue 3
Status
-----------Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
Not Assigned
20) Shaper Bandwidth Profile: Shaper BWP 1002
21) Shaper Status: Enabled
Select [1-21]:
------------------------------------Messages-----------------------------------
Figure 11-11 Egress Shapers Configuration screen
139
Bandwidth Profiles
9145ELB NID Software User’s Manual
User to Network Egress Shapers
140
CANOGA PERKINS CORPORATION
20600 Prairie Street
Chatsworth, California 913116008 USA
Phone: (818) 7186300 FAX: (818) 7186312
Web Site: www.canoga.com
Email: fiber@canoga.com