VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management

VSPEX Private Cloud with
Operations Management
Enabled with VMware® vSphere™, vRealize™ Operations
Advanced™, EMC VNX, and EMC Storage Analytics
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE
Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 ......................................................................................................... 7
Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 7
Target Audience ......................................................................................................................... 7
Document Purpose .................................................................................................................... 7
Business Needs ......................................................................................................................... 8
Essential Reading ...................................................................................................................... 8
CHAPTER 2 ....................................................................................................... 10
Overview ................................................................................................................................... 10
VMware Datacenter and Cloud Management ........................................................................ 10
Datacenter and Cloud Management with EMC and VMware ............................................... 10
Integrated Management ........................................................................................................ 10
Converged Infrastructure Management ................................................................................. 10
Managing the Software-Defined Datacenter ......................................................................... 10
VMware vRealize™ Operations with Third Party Management Pack Support .................. 11
Intelligent Operations ............................................................................................................. 12
Policy-Based Automation ...................................................................................................... 12
Unified Management ............................................................................................................. 13
VMware vRealize Operations Management Packs ............................................................... 13
EMC VNX Family ...................................................................................................................... 14
Virtual Provisioning ................................................................................................................ 14
Fully Automated Storage Provisioning for Virtual Pools (FAST™ VP) ................................. 14
Unisphere .............................................................................................................................. 14
EMC Integration for VMware vSphere ................................................................................... 14
EMC Virtual Storage Integrator ............................................................................................. 14
VMware vStorage APIs - Array Integration (VAAI) ................................................................ 14
VMware vSphere Storage APIs for Storage Awareness (VASA) .......................................... 15
EMC Storage Analytics ........................................................................................................... 15
Hardware and Software List ................................................................................................... 15
CHAPTER 3 ....................................................................................................... 18
Overview: VMware vRealize Operations Advanced Architecture....................................... 18
Function in Overall Architecture ............................................................................................ 18
Distribution Formats ............................................................................................................... 19
vRealize Operations Manager Components ......................................................................... 21
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/1
Table of Contents
Modifying Data Retention and Custom Parameters ............................................................. 24
Security ..................................................................................................................................... 26
vRealize Operations Manager Advanced .............................................................................. 26
EMC Storage Design ............................................................................................................... 28
VNX storage tiering and FAST VP ........................................................................................ 28
Storage Mapping ................................................................................................................... 29
EMC Virtual Storage Integrator (VSI) .................................................................................... 29
EMC Storage Analytics .......................................................................................................... 30
CHAPTER 4 ....................................................................................................... 32
Overview ................................................................................................................................... 32
Installing and configuring vSphere with Operations Management .................................... 32
Deploying vRealize Operations Manager .............................................................................. 33
vCenter Server Integrations................................................................................................... 33
Applying a vSphere with Operations Management License ............................................... 33
Updating License from vSphere with Operations Management to vRealize Operations
Manager Advanced .................................................................................................................. 35
Deploying EMC Storage Analytics ......................................................................................... 36
CHAPTER 5 ....................................................................................................... 39
Overview ................................................................................................................................... 39
Verifying vRealize Operations Manager Implementation .................................................... 39
Verifying the Upgrade to vRealize Operations Manager Advanced ................................... 39
Verifying EMC Adapter Configurations ................................................................................. 40
Monitoring vRealize Operations Manager Objects .............................................................. 45
vRealize Operations Manager vSphere Dashboard ............................................................. 45
vRealize Operations Manager Badges .................................................................................. 47
Monitoring VNX Health and Resources ................................................................................. 50
Storage Topology Dashboard................................................................................................ 51
Storage Metrics Dashboard ................................................................................................... 52
VNX Overview Dashboard ..................................................................................................... 55
End-to-End VM to Storage Visibility ...................................................................................... 56
Capacity Planning and Optimization ..................................................................................... 58
Reporting .................................................................................................................................. 64
Root Cause Analysis – Health Badge: ................................................................................... 67
Datastore Offline .................................................................................................................... 67
Root Cause Analysis – Risk Badge: ...................................................................................... 71
Raid Group capacity used (%) is high ................................................................................... 71
Root Cause Analysis – Efficiency Badge: ............................................................................ 73
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/2
Table of Contents
Raid Group capacity used (%) is low .................................................................................... 73
CHAPTER 6 ....................................................................................................... 76
Overview: vRealize Operations Manager vApp Sizing Considerations ............................. 76
Detailed Storage Capacity and I/O Considerations .............................................................. 80
Interoperability Matrix ............................................................................................................. 81
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/3
Table of Contents
FIGURES
Figure 1.
vRealize Operations Manager - Architecture
18
Figure 2.
vRealize Operations scale out cluster architecture
20
Figure 3.
Web Interface administration page
21
Figure 4.
Adding new Policy
24
Figure 5.
EMC VNX sub-LUN tiering of production LUN data across two disk types
28
Figure 6.
Organization mappings for storage service levels
29
Figure 7.
EMC Storage Analytics with VMware vRealize Operations Manager Advanced
30
Figure 8.
Unlicensed asset in vSphere Server
34
Figure 9.
Licensed vSphere and vRealize Operations Manager after applying vSphere with
Operations Management license
34
Figure 10.
vRealize Operations Manager updated to Advanced Edition
35
Figure 11.
Dashboards with detailed analytic information for storage
37
Figure 12.
vRealize Operations Licensing Page
40
Figure 13.
vRealize Operations Login Page
41
Figure 14.
Adapter instance list
41
Figure 15.
Verifying vCenter Server adapter instance
42
Figure 16.
vCenter Server adapter successful test
42
Figure 17.
vCenter Server successful entry
43
Figure 18.
Verifying EMC Adapter
43
Figure 19.
EMC Adapter successful test
44
Figure 20.
EMC Adapter successful entry
44
Figure 21.
EMC Adapter instances listed under solutions
45
Figure 22.
Default Dashboard home page
46
Figure 23.
Main vSphere dashboard in vRealize Operations Manager
46
Figure 24.
Checking the health score for a vSphere World group
48
Figure 25.
Warning for a Host in Health Weather Map
49
Figure 26.
Top health alerts
49
Figure 27.
Root Cause & Recommendations suggested by vRealize Operations
50
Figure 28.
Dashboard-to-product matrix
51
Figure 29.
Storage Topology Dashboard
52
Figure 30.
Storage Metrics Dashboard
53
Figure 31.
Storage Metrics ESA home screen
54
Figure 32.
Storage Metrics vSphere Dashboard home screen
54
Figure 33.
ESA VNX overview
55
Figure 34.
Details for the LUN
56
Figure 35.
VM-Disks relationship in VNX topology dashboard
57
Figure 36.
VM-Storage relationship in VNX Metrics dashboard
57
Figure 37.
Capacity Remaining on vSphere Infrastructure
58
Figure 38.
Capacity Remaining Planning with EMC Storage Analytics on Raid Group
59
Figure 39.
Capacity Remaining on vSphere Infrastructure
60
Figure 40.
What will fit scenarios according to the Datacenter
60
Figure 41.
Creation of Projects – Planning additional Virtual Machines
61
Figure 42.
Adding and combing multiple projects
62
Figure 43.
Raid Group indicating less utilization
62
Figure 44.
Creating project at Storage level
63
Figure 45.
Combining multiple projects at Storage level
63
Figure 46.
Report Template
64
Figure 47.
Creating Custom report
65
Figure 48.
Selecting View for custom report
65
Figure 49.
Selecting Format for Custom Report
66
Figure 50.
Selecting Layout Options for Custom report
66
Figure 51.
Created Custom report available in Report Template
67
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/4
Table of Contents
Figure 52.
Figure 53.
Figure 54.
Figure 55.
Figure 56.
Figure 57.
Figure 58.
Figure 59.
Figure 60.
Figure 61.
Figure 62.
Figure 63.
Figure 64.
Figure 65.
Normal “healthy” vRealize Operations Manager Dashboard
Datastore Offline
Relationship between the objects of underlying storage infrastructure
Health status of the effected object
Cause of the issue
Alert details of the datastore
vRealize Operations Manager Dashboard Risk Badge
Raid Group Utilization
Details of high utilization of a raid group
vRealize Operations Manager Dashboard Efficiency Badge
Raid Group Utilization
Details of Low utilization of raid group
Basic Version Spreadsheet for vSphere-only management pack
Advanced Version Spreadsheet for other data sources
67
68
69
69
70
70
71
72
72
73
74
74
78
79
TABLES
Table 1.
Table 2.
vRealize Operations Manager vApp sizing examples. ................................................ 76
Product Interoperability Matrix ...................................................................................... 81
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/5
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 ......................................................................................................... 7
Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 7
Target Audience ......................................................................................................................... 7
Document Purpose .................................................................................................................... 7
Business Needs ......................................................................................................................... 8
Essential Reading ...................................................................................................................... 8
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/6
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Chapter 1
Introduction
EMC® has joined forces with the industry-leading providers of IT infrastructure to create a
complete virtualization solution that accelerates the deployment of cloud infrastructures.
EMC VSPEX® validated and modular architectures are built with proven technologies comprising
complete virtualization solutions that enable the administrator to make an informed decision in the
hypervisor, compute, and networking layers. VSPEX® helps reduce virtualization planning and
configuration burdens. When embarking on server virtualization, virtual desktop deployment or IT
consolidation, VSPEX® accelerates IT transformation by enabling faster deployment, expanded
choices, greater efficiency, and lower risk.
This document describes how to design and implement VMware® operational management
solutions for EMC® VSPEX® Private Cloud: VMware® vSphere™ 6.0 Proven Infrastructure
Guides.
Target Audience
This document is designed for partners, technical architects, and cloud solution engineers with a
background in EMC and VMware solutions who want to align the daily operational tasks of
management and monitoring of a private cloud. The readers of this document must have the
necessary training and background to install and configure VMware vSphere 6.0, EMC VNX
family of storage products and associated infrastructure as required by this implementation.
External references are provided where applicable, and readers should be familiar with these
documents.
The reader should also have a clear understanding of operational processes that are
implemented within their own environments and recognize their end users’ general requirements
to monitor and manage their private cloud. These requirements should include areas such as
security, compliance, monitoring, management, data protection, and disaster recovery. Having
these competencies will ensure a more relevant connection between the capabilities provided by
this solution and the operational requirements of their organization, ultimately resulting in
additional business value.
Document Purpose
The VSPEX® Private Cloud architecture provides customers with a modern system capable of
hosting many virtual machines at a consistent performance level. This solution runs on the
VMware vSphere virtualization layer backed by the highly available VNX family. The compute and
network components, which are defined by the VSPEX partners, are designed to be redundant
and sufficiently powerful to handle the processing and data needs of the virtual machine
environment.
Private cloud architecture can be a complex undertaking to manage and monitor. This document
facilitates the implementation of a managed private cloud by providing prerequisite software and
hardware material lists, step-by-step sizing guidance, and verified deployment steps. After the
last component has been installed, validation tests and monitoring instructions ensure that the
system is running properly. This document includes several use cases for implementing
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/7
VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto CA 94304 USA Tel 877-486-9273 Fax 650-427-5001 www.vmware.com
Copyright © 2015 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and intellectual property laws. VMware products are covered by one or more patents listed at http://www.vmware.com/go/patents.
VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
operational management for the private cloud and provides direction and enablement content for
foundational capabilities and requirements.
The virtual infrastructure operational management, as described in this document, is based on
VMware vRealize™ Operations and EMC Storage Analytics. This operational management
solution is applicable to any of the EMC VSPEX Private Cloud: VMware vSphere 6.0 Proven
Infrastructure Guides.
Business Needs
VSPEX solutions are built with proven technologies to create complete virtualization solutions that
allow the reader to make an informed decision in the hypervisor, server, and networking layers.
Business applications are moving into consolidate compute, network, and storage environments.
EMC VSPEX Private Cloud using VMware reduces the complexity of configuring every
component of a traditional deployment model. The solution simplifies integration management
while maintaining the application design and implementation options. It also provides unified
administration while enabling adequate control and monitoring of process separation.
The challenges that infrastructure and operations management teams face most often in today’s
heterogeneous IT environments include:
Performance and availability issues
Capacity management and optimization issues
Configuration and compliance issues
Workload mobility and rapid changes on demand
As virtual environments continue to grow, converge, and evolve toward self-service private
clouds, and merge with public clouds, IT needs new capabilities to anticipate and overcome the
challenges of the next stage of the virtualization journey.
This management solution exemplifies the new cloud management approach by offering quality
of service, comprehensive visibility, policy-based automation for guided troubleshooting, rootcause isolation, and remediation of even the most complex scenarios. When coupled with the
EMC VSPEX validated modular architecture, the solution enables faster deployment, greater
efficiency, lower risk, easier management, and faster problem resolution.
Essential Reading
EMC recommends reading the related documents before proceeding:
VSPEX Proven Infrastructure Solutions
VMware vSphere for up to 125 Virtual Machines or
VMware vSphere for up to 1,000 Virtual Machines
VMware Cloud Management
VMware vRealize Operations documentation located here.
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/8
VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto CA 94304 USA Tel 877-486-9273 Fax 650-427-5001 www.vmware.com
Copyright © 2015 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and intellectual property laws. VMware products are covered by one or more patents listed at http://www.vmware.com/go/patents.
VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
CHAPTER 2 ....................................................................................................... 10
Overview ................................................................................................................................... 10
VMware Datacenter and Cloud Management ........................................................................ 10
Datacenter and Cloud Management with EMC and VMware ............................................... 10
Integrated Management ........................................................................................................ 10
Converged Infrastructure Management ................................................................................. 10
Managing the Software-Defined Datacenter ......................................................................... 10
VMware vRealize™ Operations with Third Party Management Pack Support .................. 11
Intelligent Operations ............................................................................................................. 12
Policy-Based Automation ...................................................................................................... 12
Unified Management ............................................................................................................. 13
VMware vRealize Operations Management Packs ............................................................... 13
EMC VNX Family ...................................................................................................................... 14
Virtual Provisioning ................................................................................................................ 14
Fully Automated Storage Provisioning for Virtual Pools (FAST™ VP) ................................. 14
Unisphere .............................................................................................................................. 14
EMC Integration for VMware vSphere ................................................................................... 14
EMC Virtual Storage Integrator ............................................................................................. 14
VMware vStorage APIs - Array Integration (VAAI) ................................................................ 14
VMware vSphere Storage APIs for Storage Awareness (VASA) .......................................... 15
EMC Storage Analytics ........................................................................................................... 15
Hardware and Software List ................................................................................................... 15
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/9
VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto CA 94304 USA Tel 877-486-9273 Fax 650-427-5001 www.vmware.com
Copyright © 2015 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and intellectual property laws. VMware products are covered by one or more patents listed at http://www.vmware.com/go/patents.
VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Chapter 2
Overview
VMware Datacenter and Cloud Management
In the cloud era, intelligent virtual infrastructure provides the foundation for faster, more agile and
accelerated delivery of IT services and business applications. However, within virtual and cloud
environments, the boundaries between operations and infrastructure management have blurred.
As a result, managing these new environments using tools designed for physical environments
creates operational and business problems—blocking the path to flexible, service-oriented cloud
infrastructure.
Datacenter and Cloud Management with EMC and
VMware
VMware’s approach to enterprise management is based on Integrated and Converged
Infrastructure management.
Integrated Management
Performance issues can originate from any component, virtual machine (VM), physical host or
cluster. What’s more, the rate of change of workloads has outstripped the capabilities of
traditional management approaches. This requires management capabilities be tightly integrated
with the virtualization and cloud platforms themselves.
Converged Infrastructure Management
Workload interdependence in virtual and cloud environments stymies the ability of specialized
teams to address performance, capacity and configuration issues in isolation. Highly virtualized
and cloud environments require integration of management disciplines and metrics for a holistic
view of the health of virtual and physical infrastructures, and the tools to maintain it.
In operations, the disciplines of performance, capacity and configuration management are
converging, necessitating greater collaboration between traditionally siloed IT teams. VMware
facilitates this collaboration, for example, by providing a single dashboard that can be used by
both VI and operations administrators alike to look at health, risk, and efficiency across the entire
IT environment. When deployed as part of the EMC VSPEX validated architecture, the VMware
management tools provide a significantly lower operational expense as well as a faster problem
resolution time.
Managing the Software-Defined Datacenter
Interdependent, dynamic virtual and cloud infrastructures exceed the capabilities—and outstrip
the speed—of traditional management processes and tools designed to manage physical IT
assets.
Virtual and cloud infrastructures differ from the traditional physical architectures that preceded
them in important ways. Traditional, siloed environments are built on tightly coupled applications
and infrastructure dedicated to certain components and application tiers. The resulting rigid
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/10
VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto CA 94304 USA Tel 877-486-9273 Fax 650-427-5001 www.vmware.com
Copyright © 2015 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and intellectual property laws. VMware products are covered by one or more patents listed at http://www.vmware.com/go/patents.
VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
vertical stack offers limited flexibility and agility, and requires a complex stack of tools and equally
complex set of processes to manage it.
In contrast, highly virtualized and cloud abstracted resources, have shared capacity and fluid
configurations that characterize their environments. Tools and processes designed for traditional
architectures have difficulty managing this highly dynamic, constantly changing and
interdependent environment. Virtual and cloud computing requires organizations to embrace a
new management approach—one that is as agile, flexible and dynamic as their new IT
infrastructure.
VMware vRealize™ Operations with Third Party
Management Pack Support
vRealize Operations 6 is the latest release of VMware's integrated operations suite, converging
performance, capacity, and configuration management. This release introduces the following
enhancements:
Scale-Out Deployment Architecture – This release provides distributed deployment with
elastic scale and higher scalability.
Unified User Interface – This release introduces a single user interface to manage
vSphere as well as non-vSphere domains. You can create powerful, flexible custom
dashboards enabling you to bring any information you want into the management
console.
Licensing Management – vRealize Operations Manager has an independent licensemanagement GUI that provides enhanced administration of license keys specific to
vRealize Operations. Users can now deploy mixed editions in a single vRealize
Operations instance.
Smart Alerts – Smart alerts combine multiple symptoms to generate a single alert that will
focus on the underlying issue with clear recommendations and the option to take action
for remediation.
Enhanced Reporting – Enhanced reporting provides several out-of-the-box reports with
the ability to generate fully customizable reports.
Capacity Planning and Project Management Capabilities – New capacity planning and
project management capabilities extend beyond vSphere and across physical and
application level metrics. Flexible capacity models can be adjusted to meet different
business needs.
Custom Policies – Custom policies can applied for specific workload types, applications
or clusters enabling more advanced monitoring of performance, capacity and
configuration standards.
Automated Remediation of Problems – Integrated action and remediation capabilities
with the ability to apply actions according to the recommendation for the alerts.
User Access Control Management – Improved user access control, including granular
role-based access control.
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/11
VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto CA 94304 USA Tel 877-486-9273 Fax 650-427-5001 www.vmware.com
Copyright © 2015 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and intellectual property laws. VMware products are covered by one or more patents listed at http://www.vmware.com/go/patents.
VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Unified Storage Visibility – New storage visibility shows the correlation between the
application group and the storage infrastructure supporting it, including HBA's, Fabric and
Arrays, along with the ability to trace operational issues all the way to storage.
vRealize Operations makes it easier for you to gain comprehensive visibility into the performance
and health of your infrastructure and applications, reclaim over-provisioned capacity and ensure
compliance with IT policies and regulatory requirements. vRealize Operations is built on an open
and extensible platform so you can manage virtual and physical environments and even virtual
machines running on other hypervisors and public clouds, like Amazon Web Services (AWS),
with a single solution. With vRealize Operations, IT organizations of all sizes can improve
performance, avoid business disruption, and become more efficient with comprehensive visibility
across applications and infrastructure in one place.
vRealize Operations delivers:
Intelligent Operations
Prebuilt and customizable dashboards, reports, and views provide real-time insight into
infrastructure performance, potential problems and areas where efficiency can be
improved, to enable informed and intelligent operational decisions.
Self-learning algorithms and predictive analytics correlate monitoring data and provide
intelligent alerts on underlying performance issues with clear recommendations for
corrective action, enabling faster problem resolution. Dynamic thresholds adapt to your
environment, significantly reducing false alerts.
Aggregate resources and applications by business or operational logic, and apply group
policies to prioritize thresholds and alerts. Map virtual infrastructure services, examine
application discovery status, and analyze dependencies— to simplify root cause analysis
and build reliable disaster recovery plans.
Quickly identify and analyze performance anomalies, faults, resource constraints and
bottlenecks with these in-depth views into all areas of your infrastructure.
Performance trends, projections and extended forecasts guide you in intelligent capacity
planning to address future needs. Identify over-provisioned VMs at a glance and rightsize them to reclaim unused resources.
Save “what-if” scenarios and commit capacity models to the analytics engine to influence
capacity calculations and alerts. Extend capacity planning and project management
capabilities beyond vSphere and across physical and application-level metrics.
Policy-Based Automation
Visually trace degradations in health or performance back to specific configuration
changes at the infrastructure and guest OS levels.
Increase efficiency by automatically rightsizing VMs to reclaim idle resources and boost
consolidation ratios. As part of capacity planning, run “what if” scenarios to develop
resource optimization strategies without the need for spreadsheets or complex scripts.
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/12
VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto CA 94304 USA Tel 877-486-9273 Fax 650-427-5001 www.vmware.com
Copyright © 2015 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and intellectual property laws. VMware products are covered by one or more patents listed at http://www.vmware.com/go/patents.
VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Get clear explanations and recommended solutions to performance, capacity and
configuration problems. Associate workflows with Smart Alerts to automatically initiate
corrective measures at critical thresholds.
Streamline problem remediation and enforcement of configuration standards to stay in
control and save time, effort and cost. Useful pre-configured actions are available out-ofthe-box and can be triggered in the context of an alert or at any time.
Prioritize critical workloads by defining thresholds, alerts and configuration settings at a
group level. For even more advanced monitoring, create custom policies for specific
workload types, applications or clusters.
Grant authorization based on personas (such as VI admin and storage admin), controlling
access to objects, features, actions and reports at the individual level.
Proactively enforce configuration standards, identify changes early on and automate
remediation. Correlate change events to performance degradation occurring at any level
of the environment.
Unified Management
The re-architected platform offers the scalability and resiliency — plus the capabilities for
automated failover and replication — required to support highly complex environments.
Get intuitive visibility into all levels of infrastructure and applications through a single
management console spanning multiple hypervisors, plus physical and cloud
environments. Integrate monitoring dashboards for Hyper-V and Amazon as well as thirdparty Management Packs for leading applications.
Understand availability, performance, utilization, events, logs, and changes across every
layer of your virtualized, cloud and physical infrastructure—from vSphere hypervisor to
guest operating systems, middleware and applications.
See and understand the correlations between applications and supporting storage
infrastructure, including HBAs, Fabric and Arrays. Easily identify storage-related issues
such as configuration errors, resource starvation and performance bottlenecks, for
complete App-to-VM-to-Storage visibility.
Monitor and manage from a single vRealize Operations console, and feed performance
data into the analytics engine for correlation with other infrastructure and application
metrics, to enable truly unified operations management.
VMware vRealize Operations Management Packs
vRealize Operations product extensions and third-party integrations are typically delivered as one
or multiple Management Packs. These Management Packs target infrastructure and Operating
Systems. VMware vRealize Operations Management Packs extend the capabilities of vRealize
Operations to third-party products and technologies to enable end-to-end operations intelligence
with data visualizations, dashboards, reports, alerts, and actions. An Operations Management
Pack can be delivered in the form of an agent plug-in, content pack, or compliance pack. vRealize
Operations Management Packs extend the power of vRealize Operations to hybrid and
heterogeneous environments, providing comprehensive visibility in a single operations console
across applications, storage and network devices. This document explains the management pack
for EMC Storage Analytics.
DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT ATION GUIDE/13
VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto CA 94304 USA Tel 877-486-9273 Fax 650-427-5001 www.vmware.com
Copyright © 2015 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and intellectual property laws. VMware products are covered by one or more patents listed at http://www.vmware.com/go/patents.
VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
EMC VNX Family
The EMC VNX storage system is a powerful, trusted, and smart storage array platform that
provides a high level of performance, availability, and intelligence in organizations within the
business.
VSPEX private cloud customers can leverage the advanced storage tiering features and
efficiencies of the VNX storage array to deliver multiple storage service levels to their various
organizations, accelerating and simplifying their as-a-service offerings in their private cloud
environment.
Virtual Provisioning
EMC Virtual Provisioning™ can reduce cost, improve capacity utilization, and simplify storage
management. Users can present a large amount of capacity to a host and then consume space
only as needed from a shared pool, reducing initial over-allocation of storage capacity. Virtual
Provisioning can reduce labor costs by simplifying data layout and reducing the steps required to
accommodate capacity growth.
Fully Automated Storage Provisioning for Virtual Pools (FAST™ VP)
EMC Fully Automated Storage Provisioning for Virtual Pools (FAST™ VP) for VNX optimizes
efficiency across all drive types in the array to improve system performance while reducing cost.
FAST VP dynamically allocates workloads based on the configured service level and moves
workloads without disruption across drive types, optimizing overall system performance. FAST
VP moves the most active parts of the workload to high-performance flash disks and the least
frequently accessed data to lower-cost drives, leveraging the best performance and cost
characteristics of the different drive types.
Unisphere
EMC Unisphere® is an intuitive management interface that allows IT managers to dramatically
reduce the time required to provision, manage, and monitor storage assets. Unisphere delivers
the simplification, flexibility, and automation that accelerate the transformation to the private
cloud.
EMC Integration for VMware vSphere
EMC provides tight integration points for vSphere that simplify management and provisioning of
storage. vRealize Operations Advanced also provides the capability to monitor the health and
performance of storage resources on the VNX array from within.
EMC Virtual Storage Integrator
EMC Virtual Storage Integrator (VSI) is the free vCenter plug-in provided by EMC that extends
the vCenter user interface (UI) to include additional EMC-specific capabilities. EMC VSI provides
multiple feature sets including Storage Viewer (SV), Path Management, and Unified Storage
Management. Unified Storage Management simplifies the provisioning of VNX virtual pooled
storage for the private cloud.
VMware vStorage APIs - Array Integration (VAAI)
EMC VNX supports VMware vStorage APIs - Array Integration (VAAI), which offloads virtual
machine storage operations to the array to optimize server performance. VMware environments
support the following VAAI components:
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VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
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Block
Atomic Test and Set
XCOPY
Write Same
Thin Provisioning
NAS
Full File Clone
Native Snapshot Support
Extended Statistics
Reserve Space
VMware vSphere Storage APIs for Storage Awareness (VASA)
VASA allows VMware administrators to view and classify, from a single location, VNX drive types
in a more sophisticated way, using the storage vendors, VASA provider to interrogate the storage
and classify it in terms of its attributes and underlying technology. This analysis can range from
basic disk type to the RAID level, automated tiering capabilities, and replication status.
EMC Storage Analytics
EMC Storage Analytics (ESA) can be used as a plug-in with VMware’s vRealize Operations
Manager to provide a powerful management tool for VMware and storage administrators to
access real-time intelligent analytics for their VNX platform. This plug-in allows users to obtain
detailed statistics via customizable dashboards, heat maps, and alerts while also accessing
topology mapping in a VMware environment. In addition, ESA plug-in support is available for
EMC VNXe®, VMAX®, VPLEX®, XtremIO®, ScaleIO® storage and RecoverPoint® for VM.
Hardware and Software List
Hardware List
This solution is built on top of a VSPEX configuration and assumes that the required hardware is
installed and set up within the business according to the configuration guidelines in the EMC
VSPEX Private Cloud: VMware vSphere Proven Infrastructure Guides.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Software List
The software listed below is an addendum to the software list found in the EMC VSPEX Private
Cloud: VMware vSphere Proven Infrastructure Guides.
Software
Configuration
Notes
VMware vRealize
Operations Manager
6.0.1
Build 2523163
VMware vRealize Operations Advanced
EMC Storage Analytics
3.2.1
EMC Storage Analytics Adapter
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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CHAPTER 3 ....................................................................................................... 18
Overview: VMware vRealize Operations Advanced Architecture....................................... 18
Function in Overall Architecture ............................................................................................ 18
Distribution Formats ............................................................................................................... 19
VRealize Operations Manager Components ......................................................................... 21
Modifying Data Retention and Custom Parameters ............................................................. 24
Security ..................................................................................................................................... 26
vRealize Operations Manager Advanced .............................................................................. 26
EMC Storage Design ............................................................................................................... 28
VNX storage tiering and FAST VP ........................................................................................ 28
Storage Mapping ................................................................................................................... 29
EMC Virtual Storage Integrator (VSI) .................................................................................... 29
EMC Storage Analytics .......................................................................................................... 30
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Chapter 3
Overview: VMware vRealize Operations Advanced
Architecture
Function in Overall Architecture
The vRealize Operations platform requires integrations to properly operate and provide business
value. The vApp (Virtual Application) version of vRealize Operations Manager requires a
connection to a VMware vCenter Server. During the initial installation, a connection to a vCenter
Server must be established to provide vRealize Operations Manager as the first integration point.
This provides vRealize Operations Manager with the necessary metric and event data that
vCenter Server collects and produces natively.
The connections from vCenter Server to vRealize Operations Manager provide information on the
status of all the VMs and the supporting vSphere environment being managed. This status
information is derived from the metrics relating to the virtual hardware that the VMs use, as well
as the metrics relating to the VMware ESXi™ host hardware. Additionally, resource status is also
established using the vCenter Server event-related information for the Virtual Machines and ESXi
hosts. See Figure 1.
System Architecture
Figure 1.
vRealize Operations Manager - Architecture
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VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
vRealize Operations Manager consists of one or more nodes in a cluster. Download and deploy
the vRealize Operations Manager virtual machine, once for each cluster node.
Note: Do not deploy vRealize Operations from an ESXi host. Deploy only from vCenter Server.
Use a Web browser client to configure a newly added node as the vRealize Operations Manager
master node, a data node, a high availability master replica node, or a remote collector node. The
master node is required first.
Distribution Formats
The vApp is distributed as an Open Virtualization Format (OVF) file. The vSphere C# Client or
vSphere Web Client provides an import vApp workflow that guides the deployment of the vApps
in OVF format.
The vRealize Operations Manager vApp is managed using the Administration Portal, which is a
web console for configuration and management tasks.
vRealize Operations Manager Nodes
All vRealize Operations Manager clusters consist of a master node, an optional replica node for
high availability, optional data nodes, and optional remote collector nodes.
Master Node
The initial, required node in the cluster. The master node
manages all other nodes.
In a single-node installation, the master node must also perform
data collection and analysis because it is the sole node, and the
only place where vRealize Operations Manager adapters are
installed.
Data Node
In larger deployments, additional data nodes have adapters
installed to perform collection and analysis.
Larger deployments usually include adapters only on data
nodes, not on the master node or replica node.
Replica Node
To enable high availability (HA), the cluster requires that you
convert a data node into a replica of the master node.
Remote Collector Node
Distributed deployments might require a remote collector node
that can navigate firewalls, interface with a remote data source,
reduce bandwidth across data centers, or reduce the load on the
vRealize Operations Manager analytics cluster. Remote
collectors only gather objects for the inventory, without storing
data or performing analysis. In addition, remote collector nodes
may be installed on a different operating system than the rest of
the cluster nodes
A vRealize Operations cluster can scale out by adding new DATA NODES as shown in Figure 2.
A Data Node can work as a MASTER-REPLICA to always ensure a resilient master in case of the
MASTER going down due to hardware or application failure.
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Figure 2.
vRealize Operations scale out cluster architecture
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When installing vRealize Operations Manager use the vRealize Operations Manager vApp (LInux
or Windows) deployment installer to create role-less nodes. After the nodes are created and have
their names and IP addresses, use an administration interface to configure according to their role
as shown in Figure 3.
You can create role-less nodes all at once or as needed. A common as-needed practice might be
to add nodes to scale out vRealize Operations Manager to monitor an environment as the
environment grows larger.
Figure 3.
Web Interface administration page
vRealize Operations Manager Components
vRealize Operations manager is a single VM / Appliance. Figure 1 shows the vRealize
Operations Manager node architecture that consists of:
UI:Admin/Product
Collector
Controller
Analytics
Persistence
Databases
vApp Components
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VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
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UI:Admin/Product
With vRealize Operations 6, the Admin UI, vSphere UI & the Custom UI are combined into a
single UI. The Admin UI would be used for the first time setup and then cluster management
activities such as adding data nodes, removing data nodes, bringing the cluster online etc.
The Product UI is used for Application access where policies, Alerts, Custom Dashboards,
Management Packs and other tasks can be setup.
Collector
Collector is responsible for capturing the data coming through the adapters.
Controller
Controller is used to map the collected data to the right resources and also retrieve data for the
requested queries. It also plays a vital role in keeping the remote collectors informed about the
changes happening in the system and the work they need to do to ensure consistency of data for
all the resources being monitored by the system.
Analytics
The role of Analytics is to ensure that all the patented algorithms within vRealize Operations are
applied to the collected data and functions such as super-metrics, dynamic threshold calculation,
Alerts etc are calculated and then available for viewing, providing recommendations and taking
actions.
Persistence
Persistence layer gives performance required for monitoring thousands of objects for which data
is collected, stored, analyzed and retrieved at the speed of light.
Databases
There is also a change in the way the databases operate.
FSDB - The File System Database is available in all the NODES of a vRealize
Operations 6 Cluster deployments. This is where all the collected metrics are stored in
the raw format.
xDB (HIS) - The xDB is where the Historical Inventory Service data is stored. This is
available only on the MASTER Node or the first node of the vRealize Operations Cluster.
This would also be a part of the REPLICA node which is a true copy of the MASTER
node for failover purposes.
GLOBAL xDB/Alarm Alert - This is where the user preferences, alerts & alarms are
stored. This is also where all the customizations related to vRealize Operations would be
stored. Like xDB this is available only on the MASTER Node or the first node of the
vRealize Operations Cluster. This would also be a part of the REPLICA node which is a
true copy of the MASTER node for failover purposes.
Optimizing vRealize Operations Manager vCenter
Data Collection
Metric definitions provide an overview of how the metric value is calculated or derived. vRealize
Operations Manager collects data from objects in the environment. Each piece of data collected
is called a metric observation or value. vRealize Operations Manager uses the vCenter adapter to
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VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
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collect raw metrics. vRealize Operations Manager uses the vRealize Operations Manager
adapter to collect self-monitoring metrics. In addition to the metrics it collects, vRealize
Operations Manager calculates capacity metrics, badge metrics, and metrics to monitor the
health of your system.
The metrics reported for the system depend on the objects in the environment. The user can use
metrics to help troubleshoot problems.
Use alert and symptom definitions with actionable recommendations to generate alerts that keep
the user aware of problems that occur on objects. Use customize operational policies to
determine how vRealize Operations Manager analyzes the objects and displays information
about them, so that the users are notified when problems occur on those objects. Use super
metrics, which combine metrics into formulas, to collect combinations of data from your objects.
A policy is a set of rules that users define for vRealize Operations Manager to analyze and
display information about the objects in the environment. As shown in the Figure 4 the user can
create, modify, and administer policies to determine how vRealize Operations Manager displays
data in dashboards, views, and reports. vRealize Operations Manager Administrators assign
policies to object groups and applications to support Service Level Agreements (SLAs) and
business priorities. vRealize Operations Manager includes a library of built-in active policies that
are already defined. vRealize Operations Manager applies these policies in priority order.
When a policy is applied to an object group, vRealize Operations Manager collects data from the
objects in the object group based on the thresholds, metrics, super metrics, attributes, properties,
alert definitions, and problem definitions that are enabled in the policy.
The default policy is a set of rules that applies to the majority of the objects. The Default policy
appears on the Active Policies tab, and is marked with the letter D in the Priority column. The
Default policy can apply to any number of objects.
Users can customize the default policy and base policies included with vRealize Operations
Manager for the environment. Users can then apply the custom policy to groups of objects, such
as the objects in a cluster, or virtual machines and hosts, or to a group that users create to
include unique objects and specific criteria.
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VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
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Figure 4.
Adding new Policy
Modifying Data Retention and Custom Parameters
In certain situations, specifically with large vRealize Operations Manager deployments, it is
recommended that the user adjust certain values to improve the performance and data collection
of the vApp. These scenarios include, but are not limited to, the following:
High-turnover virtual machine environment such as a View/VDI environment
Low disk space or limited storage access due to approvals or expected use cases of the
system
Specific business use case requirements that only require specific data retention, either
more or less than the default values
Deletion scheduling of resources is higher than a normal environment
Multi-tenant environment with self-service portals with high deletion of resources/objects
The advanced properties file contains further settings for the analytics process and other system
variables for specific operations. The variables in the following section can be adjusted as needed
in the environment depending on customer requirements.
Note: Location = /usr/lib/vmware-vcops/user/conf/analytics/advanced.properties
After each change, the user must restart the analytics service for changes to take effect. To
restart, go to the Analytics VM and access the console session by SSH or direct console mode
and typing: service vmware-vcops vcops restart analytics.
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VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
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Enable the new Combined DT Plug-in
vRealize Operations Manager includes a new dynamic threshold calculation plug-in that contains
an enhanced algorithm that improves DT calculations. This algorithm is not enabled by default on
new installations because it is a new feature typically used for large installations. Change the
value from false to true, as shown in the example below, to enable this feature.
# Enable the Combined DT Plugin which implements the new algorithm
useCombinedDTPlugin=true
Advanced Configuration Changes: controller.properties
The controller configuration file contains additional settings for the controller. The following
modifications can be adjusted for environments that have higher than normal turnover, or do not
require extended data retention of deleted resources or objects.
Note: Location = /usr/lib/vmware-vcops/user/conf/controller/controller.properties
Automatically Delete Not Existing Resources
The user can set not existing resources, those resources and objects that have already been
deleted in vCenter, to automatically delete This feature helps to keep the vApp clean of old
resources and objects that are no longer needed.
#automatically delete not existing resources
deleteNotExisting = true
Adjust the Time of Not Existing State
This setting relates to the Automatically Delete Note Existing Resources setting and controls the
deletion period in hours that an object must be in the not existing state before it can be deleted. In
the example below, the Time of Note Existing State is set at 48 hours. This means that, after an
object is deleted in vCenter, 48 hours must pass before the object is deleted out of vRealize
Operations.
# the number of hours for a resource to stay in NOT_EXISTING state
deletionPeriodInHours=48
Setting the Resource Deletion Schedule
This setting configures how often the resource scheduling should run to delete resources of the
vApp.
#the number of hours between NotExistingResourceDeletion thread scheduling
deletionSchedulePeriod = 12
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Security
vRealize Operations Manager Advanced
There are a number of areas where, by default, security is applied to a vRealize Operations
Manager Advanced installation, or can be enhanced with extra configuration. These instances
include the following:
Limiting Exposure to Internal Services
Embedded Firewall
Embedded Encryption
SSL vRealize Operations to Browser Communication
Use LDAP Authentication
Following VMware’s best practices for vApps design, vRealize Operations Manager only
exposes, outside of the vApp, those services that are absolutely required. Specifically, only SSH
and HTTPS are open to by default.
The administrator does not have to take action for unnecessary services to be inaccessible.
Embedded Firewall
vRealize Operations Manager has a firewall enabled to prevent external attempts to access the
port probe. The vApp exposes minimal network footprints using only the following ports for
inbound connections:
443 (https)
22 (ssh)
80 (redirected to 443)
Additionally, the vApp creates an Open VPN tunnel between the two virtual machines using port
1194.
The administrator does not have to take action to enable firewall services.
Embedded Encryption
vRealize Operations Manager uses the Blowfish encryption protocol to secure all internal user
accounts and external accounts. For example, this protocol encrypts all user credentials entered
into vRealize Operations Manager and used to communicate with monitoring tools.
Managing Users and Access Control in vRealize Operations Manager
Each user must have a user account to use vRealize Operations Manager. Administrators can
assign each user to be a member of one or more user groups, and apply roles to assign specific
privileges to each user for authorization to perform actions.
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User Access Control
To ensure security of the objects in your vRealize Operations Manager instance, as a system
administrator you can manage all aspects of user access control. You create user accounts,
assign each user to be a member of one or more user groups, assign roles to each user or user
group to set their privileges, and select the objects in your environment that each user can
access.
A role is a collection of action privileges that grants a user or user group the permission to access
objects. Roles do not include privileges to view or configure objects. You must assign privileges
to objects separately when you add or edit a user account.
There are several methods to authenticate users in vRealize Operations Manager.
Use LDAP to import users or user groups from an LDAP database. LDAP users can use
their LDAP credentials to log in to vRealize Operations Manager
Use vCenter Server users. After a vCenter Server user is registered with vRealize
Operations Manager, the vCenter Server user that has vCenter Server assigned vRealize
Operations Manager permissions can log in to vRealize Operations Manager.
Create local user accounts in vRealize Operations Manager.
You must have privileges to access specific features in the vRealize Operations Manager user
interface. The roles associated with your user account determine the features you can access
and the actions you can perform.
As a system administrator, you assign a unique user account to each user so that they can
use vRealize Operations Manager. You manage user passwords and the criteria used for account
lockout, password strength, and the password change policy. With role-based access, users can
only perform actions that their privileges allow.
When a user has permission to take action on an object, such as to delete a virtual machine, that
user has the permission to perform the same action on any virtual machine that the user can
access. For example, a user cannot have read-only permission on one virtual machine, and have
read and write permission on another virtual machine.
vRealize Operations Manager uses the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) platformindependent protocol to access distributed directory services to obtain users and user group
information that resides in an LDAP user database on another machine. You can then import user
accounts or user groups from that LDAP user database.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
EMC Storage Design
The VNX storage array provides many features that allow provisioning of the Private Cloud. Since
this solution is built on top of a VSPEX Private Cloud, it uses the same storage configuration as
mentioned in the VSPEX Private Cloud proven infrastructure documents. Additional storage
service levels can be created within a VNX array to achieve different levels of performance. Most
effectively align resources with performance requirements.
See EMC VSPEX Private Cloud: VMware vSphere Proven Infrastructure Guides for details.
VNX storage tiering and FAST VP
As validated in the VSPEX Proven Infrastructure, this solution uses EMC’s FAST VP technology,
which enables storage tiering within the storage service level. Storage tiering is the assignment of
data to different types, or tiers, of storage media to reduce total storage cost. FAST VP makes
automatic storage tiering possible on VNX storage arrays. FAST VP operates by periodically
relocating the most active data to the highest performance storage tier, while relocating less
active data to the lower performing storage tiers, as appropriate, when new data is promoted.
FAST VP uses intelligent algorithms to continuously analyze devices at the sub-LUN level. This
enables it to identify and relocate the specific parts of a LUN that are most active and would
benefit from being moved to higher-performing storage such as enterprise flash drives. It also
identifies the least active parts of a LUN and relocates that data to higher-capacity, more costeffective storage. Performance measurement and user-defined policies determine data
movement between tiers. FAST VP moves the data automatically and non-disruptively.
The VSPEX Private Cloud uses two disk types within the storage pool with each providing a
different tier of performance and capacity, as shown in Figure 5.
Figure 5.
EMC VNX sub-LUN tiering of production LUN data across two disk types
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VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Storage Mapping
Figure 6 shows how the storage pool and LUNs are mapped to different enterprises within the
business. The following explains the storage service level’s three cloud types:
Production clouds are organizational clouds for virtual machines with maximum performance
requirements.
Test/Development clouds are organization clouds for virtual machines with medium performance
requirements.
Archive/Low Cost clouds are organizational clouds for virtual machines with the least
performance requirements.
Organization Mappings for Storage
Service Levels
EMC VNX
LUNs
Production Clouds
VM01
VM02
VM03
Storage Service
Level
Flash
Drives
Test/Development Clouds
Prod-2
VM01
VM02
VM03
Finance-ESXi
Archive/Low Cost Cloud
Mfg-ESXi
VM01
VM02
Figure 6.
SAS
Drives
VM03
Organization mappings for storage service levels
EMC Virtual Storage Integrator (VSI)
Because VSI is modular in design, administrators can add, remove and update features
independently providing a flexible, customized user experience. Features available for VSI
include Storage Viewer, Path Management, Symmetrix storage replication adaptor (SRA), Unified
Storage Management, AppSync Management, and EMC RecoverPoint Management.
The three features used in this solution are as follows:
Storage Viewer feature extends the VMware vSphere Client to facilitate the discovery
and identification of VNX storage devices that have been provisioned to ESXi hosts and
virtual machines. Storage Viewer presents the underlying storage details to the vSphere
administrator by merging the data of several different storage-mapping tools into a few
seamless VMware vSphere Client views.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Path Management feature for VMware Native Multipathing and EMC PowerPath/VE
provides a mechanism for changing the multipath policy for groups of LUNs based on
storage class and virtualization objects.
Unified Storage Management feature provides array-based storage management and
provisioning for VMAX, VNX, VNXe, CLARiiON, Celerra arrays. This feature also allows
for virtual machine decompression, compression, cloning and extending datastore
capacity.
EMC Storage Analytics
EMC Storage Analytics (ESA) links VMware vRealize Operations Manager with EMC Adapter for
the VNX family. vRealize Operations Manager displays performance and capacity metrics from
EMC storage systems with data that the adapter provides by:
Connecting to, and collecting data from, block and file systems
Converting the data into a format that vRealize Operations can process
Passing the data to the vRealize Operations collector
vRealize Operations Manager Advanced presents the aggregated data through alerts,
dashboards, and in pre-defined reports that end users can easily interpret. EMC Adapter is
installed with the vRealize Operations administrative user interface. See Figure 7.
Figure 7.
EMC Storage Analytics with VMware vRealize Operations Manager Advanced
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
CHAPTER 4 ....................................................................................................... 32
Overview ................................................................................................................................... 32
Installing and configuring vSphere with Operations Management .................................... 32
Deploying vRealize Operations Manager .............................................................................. 33
vCenter Server Integrations................................................................................................... 33
Applying a vSphere with Operations Management License ............................................... 33
Updating License from vSphere with Operations Management to vRealize Operations
Manager Advanced .................................................................................................................. 35
Deploying EMC Storage Analytics ......................................................................................... 36
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Chapter 4
Overview
This chapter introduces the steps and processes involved in deploying the solution.
Install and Configure vSphere
Deploy vRealize Operations Manager
Upgrade to vRealize Operations Advanced
Deploy EMC Storage Analytics (ESA)
Installing and configuring vSphere with
Operations Management
Installing VMware vSphere 6 and vCenter Server 6
Complete these tasks to install and configure VMware vSphere and vCenter Server:
1. Install ESXi 6 hypervisor on the physical servers being deployed for the solution. Refer to
the vSphere Installation and Setup Guide for more detail.
2. Configure ESXi networking including NIC trunking, VMkernel ports, virtual machine port
groups, and enable Jumbo Frames. Refer to the vSphere Networking document for more
detail.
3. Install and configure PowerPath/VE to manage multipathing for VNX LUNs (Block Only).
Refer to PowerPath/VE for VMware vSphere Installation and Administration Guide for
more details (block storage only).
4. Connect the VMware datastores to the ESXi hosts deployed for the solution. Refer to the
vSphere Storage Guide for more detail.
5. Set the ESXi 6 host time.
6. Download.iso installer for the VMware vCenter Server Appliance™ 6 and Client
Integration Plug-in from VMware’s distribution website. For more information on
installation & deployment please refer to VMware vCSA deployment guide.
7. Connect the vCenter server to the ESXi host to be managed for this solution and add the
license for vCenter Server.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Deploying vRealize Operations Manager
Complete these tasks to deploy and configure vRealize Operations Manager:
1. Download the OVF for vRealize Operations Manager from VMware’s distribution website.
All vRealize Operations Manager clusters consist of a master node, an optional replica
node for high availability, optional data nodes, and optional remote collector nodes. For
more information refer to VMware Downloads.
2. Refer to the vRealize Operations Manager vApp requirements to understand the
resources required for the vApp based on the scope of the resources that will be
monitored. For more information, refer to the vRealize Operations Manager vApp
Deployment and Configuration Guide.
3. Use the IP pools configuration option through vSphere Web Client to assign the network
base address, netmask, and default gateway that will be assigned to a network used by
the vApp.
4. Deploy the vRealize Operations Manager vApp from the vSphere Web Client.
vCenter Server Integrations
Integrating vRealize Operations Manager with vCenter Server enables vRealize Operations
Manager to have visibility to the vSphere resources and virtual machines.
To add vCenter Server instances to vRealize Operations Manager, refer to the vRealize
Operations Manager vApp Deployment and Configuration Guide.
Applying a vSphere with Operations Management
License
Note: This is not a required step but it is shown as an example of upgrading a vRealize
Operations Manager license from one edition to another. vSphere and vCenter Server licenses
can be installed as standalone implementations.
Obtain the vSphere with Operations Management License from
https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/login. Adding a vSphere with Management license enables
both VMware vSphere as well as the vRealize Operations Manager server in Standard mode.
Figures 8 and 9 show assets listed in the vCenter server before applying the vSphere with
Operations Management license and the licensed products after applying the vSphere with
Operations Management license.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Figure 8.
Unlicensed asset in vSphere Server
Figure 9.
Licensed vSphere and vRealize Operations Manager after applying vSphere with
Operations Management license
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VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Updating License from vSphere with Operations
Management to vRealize Operations Manager
Advanced
vSphere with Operations Manager enables the standard edition of vRealize Operations Manager.
vRealize Operations Manager Standard Edition enables vSphere performance and capacity
optimization with predictive analytics, Smart Alerts and policy-based automation. However;
vRealize Operations Manager Advanced correlates data across applications and infrastructure in
a unified management tool that is easy-to-use with customizable displays and reporting tailored to
each team’s needs. It provides full control over performance, capacity, and configuration with
predictive analytics and Smart Alerts to drive proactive action, as well as policy-based
automation.
To update vRealize Operations Manager to the Advanced edition, obtain the license key from
https://my.vmware.com/web/vmware/login
Complete the following steps to update to vRealize Operations Advanced:
1. Login to the vRealize Operations Manager.
2. Click on Home-> Administration -> Licensing -> Add.
3. Copy the obtained license and paste it in the Add License box.
4. Click Validate; and then Save.
5. Confirm the license of vRealize Operations Suite 6 Advanced Edition as shown in Figure
10.
Figure 10. vRealize Operations Manager updated to Advanced Edition
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VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
vRealize Operations Advanced Suite includes the following bundled products:
1.
2.
3.
4.
vRealize Operations Manager Advanced
vRealize Configuration Manager™
vRealize Hyperic
vRealize Infrastructure Navigator™
These additional components are installed separately and use the same license that was
previously installed. For information on installation and configuration, please refer to the individual
Installation and Configuration documentation section found here.
https://www.vmware.com/products/vrealize-operations/resources.html
Note: This section will focus on vRealize Operations Manager rather than the other components.
Deploying EMC Storage Analytics
vRealize Operations Advanced adds support for Management Packs that extends end-to-end
operational intelligence with data visualizations, dashboards, reports, alerts, and actions. An
Operations Management Pack can be delivered in the form of an agent plug-in, content pack, or
compliance pack. vRealize Operations Management Packs extend the power of vRealize
Operations Advanced to hybrid and heterogeneous environments, providing comprehensive
visibility in a single operations console across applications, storage, and network devices.
EMC Storage Analytics Management Pack for vRealize Operations Manager collects
performance metrics for EMC Arrays. It uses the EMC Adapter that’s bundled along with the
Management Pack to collect data.
To install the EMC Storage Analytics Management Pack, perform the below steps:
1. Download the ESA 3.2.1 .pak file from the EMC Support Zone site.
2. Login to the console of vRealize Operations Manager and install the management pack
following the EMC Storage Analytics 3.2.1 Installation and User Guide.
3. Add an EMC adapter instance for vRealize Server following the EMC Storage Analytics
3.2.1 Installation and User Guide.
4. Add an EMC adapter instance for the EMC storage used in vSphere following the EMC
Storage Analytics 3.2.1 Installation and User Guide.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Figure 11. Dashboards with detailed analytic information for storage
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
CHAPTER 5 ....................................................................................................... 39
Overview ................................................................................................................................... 39
Verifying vRealize Operations Manager Implementation .................................................... 39
Verifying the Upgrade to vRealize Operations Manager Advanced ................................... 39
Verifying EMC Adapter Configurations ................................................................................. 40
Monitoring vRealize Operations Manager Objects .............................................................. 45
vRealize Operations Manager vSphere Dashboard ............................................................. 45
vRealize Operations Manager Badges .................................................................................. 47
Monitoring VNX Health and Resources ................................................................................. 50
Storage Topology Dashboard................................................................................................ 51
Storage Metrics Dashboard ................................................................................................... 52
VNX Overview Dashboard ..................................................................................................... 55
End-to-End VM to Storage Visibility ...................................................................................... 56
Capacity Planning and Optimization ..................................................................................... 58
Reporting .................................................................................................................................. 64
Root Cause Analysis – Health Badge: ................................................................................... 67
Datastore Offline .................................................................................................................... 67
Root Cause Analysis – Risk Badge: ...................................................................................... 71
Raid Group capacity used (%) is high ................................................................................... 71
Root Cause Analysis – Efficiency Badge: ............................................................................ 73
Raid Group capacity used (%) is low .................................................................................... 73
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VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Chapter 5
Overview
This chapter shows how to verify that the vRealize Operations Manager was upgraded correctly
from Standard edition to the Advance edition and that the vRealize Operations Manager is able to
poll analytic data both from vCenter and EMC storage arrays to present correlative data.
Verifying vRealize Operations Manager
Implementation
Upgrading to vRealize Operations Manager Advanced and installing EMC Storage Analytics
(ESA) gives the ability to monitor health of a virtual infrastructure and the virtual machines
running on them. This data can be used to identify the root cause for performance bottlenecks
across VMs, hosts, and storage. It can also help the IT operations staff plan resources by giving
predictive data about capacity.
In order to correlate captured analytic data across hosts and storage systems, vRealize
Operations Manager needs to interface with vCenter Server as well as EMC Storage Arrays.
vRealize Operations Manager has adapters that can interface with each subsystem to collect
analytic data. The following procedure identifies the upgrade of vRealize Operations Manager to
the advanced edition and verifies the correct installation of the adapter instances used for data
collection.
Verifying the Upgrade to vRealize Operations
Manager Advanced
Perform the following steps after upgrading vRealize Operations License
1. Login to the vRealize Operations UI at https://<ip address of vcops>/vcops-web-ent/.
2. Click on Home-> Administration -> Licensing
3. Advanced edition is listed as per Figure 12.
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VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Figure 12. vRealize Operations Licensing Page
In order for ESA to correlate data between the EMC array and virtual machines in the vCenter
Server, it needs the adapters for VNX and vCenter to be operational. The following procedure
verifies that the adapters are running correctly and that they are able to collect metric data from
both vCenter Server and VNX.
Verifying EMC Adapter Configurations
After adding adapters as mentioned in Chapter 4, use the following steps to verify that the EMC
adapter for vCenter Server and VNX is able to collect data.
1. Login to the vRealize Operations Manager at https://<ip address of vrops>/vcops-webent/ as seen in Figure 13.
2. Click on Administration -> Solutions -> Adapter Instance -> Configure (Next to Add sign)
3. Fill the details and hit the test button to see a success message.
From the Administration page, under solutions, the adaptor instances are listed. The adapter
instance test runs successfully and is listed under storage system. See Figures 14-21.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Figure 13. vRealize Operations Login Page
Figure 14. Adapter instance list
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
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Figure 15. Verifying vCenter Server adapter instance
Figure 16. vCenter Server adapter successful test
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Figure 17. vCenter Server successful entry
Figure 18. Verifying EMC Adapter
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Copyright © 2015 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. This product is protected by U.S. and international copyright and intellectual property laws. VMware products are covered by one or more patents listed at http://www.vmware.com/go/patents.
VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States and/or other jurisdictions. EMC, ESA, EMC Storage Analytics, VSPEX, VNX, VNXe, VMAX, VMAX3, VPLEX, XtremIO, ScaleIO, RecoverPoint for Virtual
Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Figure 19. EMC Adapter successful test
Figure 20. EMC Adapter successful entry
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
Design and Implementation Guide
Figure 21. EMC Adapter instances listed under solutions
Monitoring vRealize Operations Manager Objects
Management operations in cloud environments include ensuring service levels, problem solving,
troubleshooting, and preventative maintenance. Successfully meeting these requirements
involves the analysis of current utilization, forecasting of future needs, and the optimization of
current resource consumption by reclaiming underutilized resources.
The in-depth infrastructure and operations information provided by VMware vRealize Operations
Advanced eliminates time-consuming problem resolution processes through automated root
cause analysis. Self-learning performance analytics and dynamic thresholds adapt to the
environment to simplify operations management and eliminate false alerts. Integrated smart alerts
for health, performance, and capacity degradation identify performance problems before they
affect end users. Advanced capacity analytics allow administrators to optimize virtual machine
density and identify capacity shortfalls before they affect end users. To manage the environment
as a proactive rather than reactive administrator, monitor and respond to alerts. A generated alert
notifies the administrator when objects in the environment are experiencing problems. If this can
resolve the problem based on the alert before the end user notice, then service interruptions can
be avoided.
vRealize Operations Manager vSphere Dashboard
Once implemented and configured the vSphere UI provides a comprehensive insight into the
environment, as shown in Figures 22-23. The main dashboard is divided into three logical entities
providing high-level information about the current overall health and issues of all managed
resources, potential future issues and risks in the environment, and resource efficiency trends in
the environment.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
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Figure 22. Default Dashboard home page
Figure 23. Main vSphere dashboard in vRealize Operations Manager
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Design and Implementation Guide
The three primary logical entities in vRealize Operations Manager can be explained as follows:
Health calculates health scores based on patented algorithms that dynamically calculate
thresholds by observing the behavior trends of the cloud environment. This information
gives visibility into the red, yellow, green status of the virtual machines, datastores, and
clusters. The administrator can see where the problems are, what the issue is, and if
there is any pattern of abnormal behavior in the environment.
Risk provides insight into the resource consumption to tell the administrator not only
when the vSphere environment will run out of capacity, but also which resources will run
out.
Efficiency aims to help administrators proactively optimize the environment and reclaim
waste.
vRealize Operations Manager Badges
vRealize Operations Manager uses badges to illustrate derived metrics and to provide an
overview of the state of the virtual environment or an individual object. These badges serve as
focus points to narrow the scope of a potential problem and provide details about the cause of the
problem.
Major badges are color coded and range from a healthy green to a potentially problematic yellow,
orange, or red. Badges are organized in a simple hierarchy in which these badges are defined
through Alerts which are generated by vRealize Operations.
Scores might reflect a healthy state or a potential problem depending on the type of badge. For
example, low scores for health, time remaining, and capacity remaining might indicate potential
problems, while low scores for faults, stress, or anomalies indicate a normal state.
Navigation and Troubleshooting
In vCenter Operations Manager 5.x, the badge scores represent a particular Super Metric. While
the shape of the badges remains the same, but the scores are GONE. As the scores are no
longer displayed, the badge colors are still driven by the thresholds. Infact, if user move the
mouse pointer on one any of the badge, user will see the score popping up (See figure 24).
Digging down deeper into badges, the scores for specific objects can be seen in the inventory.
Below screen shot checking the health score for a vSphere World group in the vRealize
Operations inventory.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
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Figure 24. Checking the health score for a vSphere World group
The vRealize Operations Manager dashboards provide a wide number of different insights into
infrastructure condition and enable simple and easy analysis of the root cause of problems. For
example, suppose the overall environment condition for health is represented with a green badge
value. But going deeper to the analysis the administrator can get brief information about the
objects. In the example used in Figure 25, the orange icon on the top row of the Health Weather
Map is related to a particular Host on a VNX datastore, indicated with a Health value of 75 which
indicates issues on storage sensors. vRealize Operations manager also have added feature of
recommendation for the issues found which is quite helpful for understanding & solving the issue
as shown in Figure 27.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Figure 25. Warning for a Host in Health Weather Map
Figure 26. Top health alerts
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Figure 27. Root Cause & Recommendations suggested by vRealize Operations
Monitoring VNX Health and Resources
vRealize Operations Manager integration with EMC Storage Analytics (ESA) software delivers
custom analytics and visualizations that provide deep visibility into the EMC infrastructure and
enable the administrator to troubleshoot, identify, and take quick action on storage performance
and capacity management problems.
Note: vRealize Operations Manager Advanced edition or higher is required to integrate with EMC
Storage Analytics
By default, EMC Storage Analytics (ESA) provides many dashboards to view metrics. It provides
users with real‐time information about potential problems in the enterprise. The standard
dashboards are delivered as templates. The table below lists the 2 universal ESA dashboards
and EMC’s product specific dashboards that are available.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Figure 28. Dashboard-to-product matrix
Storage Topology Dashboard
The Storage Topology dashboard, displayed in Figure 29, shows in this example a configured
VNX arrays also referred to as adapter instances. When an array is selected from the Storage
System Selector pane, the Topology and Resources panes are populated with associated
underlying components. ESA pulls in all related VMware objects, making it possible to navigate
end-to-end into the underlying storage array components. These components include vSphere
datastore clusters, LUNs, storage pools, and storage processors. The instance in Figure 29
shows that the LUN VNX-ESA is created from the Raid group 9 and uses Storage Processor A.
These details are presented graphically in the Storage Topology and Health pane and are also
presented as parent and child resources in their respective panes.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Figure 29. Storage Topology Dashboard
Storage Metrics Dashboard
The second universal dashboard, shown in Figure 30, is for Storage Metrics. Each EMC resource
has an associated set of metrics associated displayed in a graph. Navigation is driven from the
top down, so after choosing the storage system and specific resources, the user can select
multiple metrics to be displayed in the Metric graph.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Figure 30. Storage Metrics Dashboard
The Storage Metric dashboard in ESA shows Performance related metrics such as Queue Length
Read/Write IOPS, and Service time. The matrices present a detailed performance overview of a
dashboard. Performance analysis with these matrices can help root cause analysis of
performance bottlenecks at a granular level. vRealize Operations Manager standard edition has a
limited number of these matrices. Figures 31-32 show differences in matrices available for
datastores in an ESA Storage metric dashboard and vSphere dashboard.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Figure 31. Storage Metrics ESA home screen
Figure 32. Storage Metrics vSphere Dashboard home screen
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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VNX Overview Dashboard
VNX arrays have their own specific dashboard, EMC Performance Overview, which presents
details in the form of heat maps, as shown in Figure 33. This dashboard covers the main storage
system resource types including Storage Processors/Data Movers, FAST Cache Performance,
Storage Pools/RAID Groups, and LUNs/Filesystems. The heat map colors work on two different
levels. There is a green-to-red legend for some resources types which represents either usage
(i.e, Storage Pool/RAID Group allocation) or performance (i.e.,latency). For any one of the objects
shown, a full historical perspective is available on the Storage Metrics page.
Figure 33. ESA VNX overview
The ESA VNX overview dashboard shows the CPU utilization and health of the Storage
processors along with detailed metrics on the LUNs such as LUN Utilization, Latency, IOPS, etc.
Click on details to examine more information about that object, which also provides powerful tools
for analyzing the resources and the performance of environment as shown in below Figure 34.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
VSPEX Private Cloud with Operations Management
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Figure 34. Details for the LUN
End-to-End VM to Storage Visibility
vRealize Operations Manager with ESA adapter brings in all the resources from the array and
builds the right parent-child relationships from the datastores down to the component LUNs, Fast
Cache, Raid Groups, Disks and Storage Processor. VNX Topology and VNX Metrics dashboard
shown in Figures 35-36 provide a graphical overview of VM to Disks Parent-Child Relationship.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Figure 35. VM-Disks relationship in VNX topology dashboard
Figure 36. VM-Storage relationship in VNX Metrics dashboard
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Design and Implementation Guide
Capacity Planning and Optimization
vRealize Operations Manager continues to lead the industry with its capacity planning
functionality by enhancing its capacity algorithms, providing even more flexibility, better out of the
box default options and initial configuration wizards to help setting up capacity policies. New
capacity planning and project management capabilities extend beyond vSphere and across
physical and application level metrics. vRealize Operations Manager with ESA management pack
will allow users to plan capacity more at storage resources (Raid Group, Storage Pool, LUN
etc…). Figures 37-38 show differences of capacity remaining on vSphere and ESA management
pack.
Figure 37. Capacity Remaining on vSphere Infrastructure
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Figure 38. Capacity Remaining Planning with EMC Storage Analytics on Raid Group
Flexible capacity models can be adjusted to meet different business needs. vRealize Operations
Manager also extend its capacity planning beyond the virtual environment and into
heterogeneous environments for storage, network, operating systems, applications, etc. “What-If”
scenarios have also been replaced by “Capacity Projects” with new added functionalities like the
ability to save multiple capacity modeling projects. They are also able to define these projects as
“Planned” or “Committed” projects to visualize the impact of these projects in the UI. What these
means is “Capacity Remaining” and “Time Remaining” will be reflected to include “Committed”
projects in vRealize Operations. The capacity planning component of vRealize Operations
Manager provides statistics on current utilization, as shown in Figure 39.
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Figure 39. Capacity Remaining on vSphere Infrastructure
According to the Capacity Remaining statistics in the current environment vRealize Operations
Manager also provides with the number of VMs that would be fitting to the current infrastructure
as per details of the VM profiles – Small, Average, Large and Medium, see Figure 40.
Figure 40. What will fit scenarios according to the Datacenter
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The capacity-remaining figures are based on demand and consumption trends of the currently
operating virtual machines. To plan for capacity requirements for future growth, the administrator
can create Projects that contains – Add Capacity, Remove Capacity, Change Capacity, Add
Demand, Remove Demand and Change demand. Virtual machine profile can be based on an
existing virtual machine, or even specified manually.
The virtual machine profile can be tailored to specify not only the allocation of resources, but also
their actual usage and consumption. As shown in Figure 41, adding 5 new virtual machines has
been successfully run through, the details displayed for virtual machine capacity are updated to
display the current actual capacity remaining as well as the potential capacity if the project was
implemented.
Figure 41. Creation of Projects – Planning additional Virtual Machines
Another added advantage of latest version of vRealize Operations Manager is creating and
combining multiple projects together considering future planning as shown in Figure 42.
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Machines, FAST, and SRDF are registered trademarks or trademarks of EMC Corporation in the United States and other countries. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be trademarks of their respective companies.
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Figure 42. Adding and combing multiple projects
Similarly vRealize Operations Manager with EMC Storage Analytics can give users ability to
create and combine multiple projects at storage level. Figure 43 shows Raid Group 9 with less
than 20% used of total usable capacity, but while considering future requirements and creating
multiple projects and combining them together shows shortfall of capacity, see Figure 44-45.
Figure 43. Raid Group indicating less utilization
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Figure 44. Creating project at Storage level
Figure 45. Combining multiple projects at Storage level
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Reporting
The reports in vRealize Operations Manager allow users to keep track of current resources as
well as to predict potential risks to the environment. Automated reports can be scheduled at
regular intervals to increase the visibility into the health and stability of the infrastructure. vRealize
Operations Manager comes with several reports out of the box, but the custom reports can also
be created. User can download the report in a PDF or CSV file format for future and offline needs
Adding ESA with the vRealize Operations Manager, reporting functions can generate a report to
capture details related to current or predicted resource needs at Array Level as shown in Figure
46.
Figure 46. Report Template
Apart from existing reports templates custom report can also be created. Following are the steps
to create custom reports in vRealize Operations:
1. Login to <vrops ip address>/ vcops-web-ent with admin credentials.
2. Click on Home-> Content -> Reports -> Add.
3. New Window for creating a custom report will opened
4. Mention the Name and Description as desired.
5. Expand Views and Drag the content from the left pane.
6. Expand Format and select the format of the report.
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7. Finally expand the Layout option and select as required
8. Click save.
Created custom template will be available in Report Template. See Figures 47-51
Figure 47. Creating Custom report
Figure 48. Selecting View for custom report
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Figure 49. Selecting Format for Custom Report
Figure 50. Selecting Layout Options for Custom report
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Figure 51. Created Custom report available in Report Template
Root Cause Analysis – Health Badge:
Datastore Offline
Figure 52. Normal “healthy” vRealize Operations Manager Dashboard
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vRealize Operations Manager provides root-cause analysis for alarms triggered on various
resources. These analyses show the most immediate reason for an alarm. Figure 52 shows a
healthy environment and Figure 53 shows datastore offline. It is not possible to determine any
extra details on the problems since the storage system is offline. However, Figures 54-57 shows
that, when using vRealize Operations Manager Advanced with ESA, additional information
available. Like Relationship of the object in VNX topology, details of the issue i.e. the storage
connectivity is lost between the host and the storage system.
Figure 53. Datastore Offline
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Figure 54. Relationship between the objects of underlying storage infrastructure
Figure 55. Health status of the effected object
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Figure 56. Cause of the issue
Figure 57. Alert details of the datastore
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Root Cause Analysis – Risk Badge:
Raid Group capacity used (%) is high
Figures 58-60 explains the high utilization of Raidgroup which is beyond 90% and is
recommended to extend the capacity of effected raid group. High Capacity utilization at
Raidgroup level was available only because when using vRealize Operations Manager Advanced
with ESA.
Figure 58. vRealize Operations Manager Dashboard Risk Badge
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Figure 59. Raid Group Utilization
Figure 60. Details of high utilization of a raid group
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Root Cause Analysis – Efficiency Badge:
Raid Group capacity used (%) is low
Figures 61-63 explains the low utilization of Raidgroup 9 which is less than 5%. Low Capacity
utilization at Raidgroup level was available only because when using vRealize Operations
Manager Advanced with ESA.
Figure 61. vRealize Operations Manager Dashboard Efficiency Badge
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Figure 62. Raid Group Utilization
Figure 63. Details of Low utilization of raid group
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CHAPTER 6 ....................................................................................................... 76
Overview: vRealize Operations Manager vApp Sizing Considerations ............................. 76
Detailed Storage Capacity and I/O Considerations .............................................................. 80
Interoperability Matrix ............................................................................................................. 81
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Chapter 6
Overview: vRealize Operations Manager vApp
Sizing Considerations
Prior to deploying the vRealize Operations Manager vApp, it is important to understand the size
of the target environment. The vRealize Operations Manager Installation Guide defines scale in
terms of virtual machine count. The following table summarizes these requirements.
Table 1.
vRealize Operations Manager vApp sizing examples.
Note: The disk I/O requirements represent an aggregate requirement for the entire vApp;
however the majority of the I/O generated is a result of the metrics collection from the VM.
Furthermore the I/O is typically biased towards write operations; the exception being the daily
analytics process that results in large quantities of combined reads and writes in order to update
the metrics contained in the FSDB.
Detailed CPU and RAM Considerations Explained
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Although the sizing guidance from the installation guide defines environment scale with respect to
the quantity of virtual machines, it is important to recognize that this has been adopted to provide
a familiar approach for customers to understand. The real determining factor influencing the
deployment configuration, in particular for CPU and memory, is the number of metrics being
collected. In fact, the previously defined VM-based sizing recommendations from the vRealize
Operations Manager Installation Guide are actually derived depending on the number of Objects
and Metrics and size of the nodes.
Maximum number of remote collectors (RC) certified: 50
Maximum number of VMware vCenter adapter instances certified: 50
Maximum number of VMware vCenter adapter instances that were tested on a single
collector: 30
Maximum number of certified concurrent users per node (regardless of node size): 4
If High Availability (HA) is enabled, then the number of the nodes will be two times more
than in a non HA configuration - 8 nodes is the limit. User do not need to account for any
HA overhead beyond that.
An object in this table represents a basic entity in vRealize Operations Manager that is
characterized by properties and metrics that are collected from adapter data sources.
Example of objects include a virtual machine, a host, a datastore for a VMware vCenter
adapter, a storage switch port for a storage devices adapter, an Exchange server, a
Microsoft SQL Server, a Hyper-V server, or Hyper-V virtual machine for a Hyperic
adapter, and an AWS instance for a AWS adapter.
The limitation of a collector per node: The object or metric limit of a collector is the same
as the scaling limit of objects per node. The collector process on a node will support
adapter instances where the total number of resources is not more than 2400, 5000, and
10000 respectively, on a small, medium, and large multi-node vRealize Operations
Manager cluster. For example, a 4-node system of medium nodes will support a total of
20000 objects. However, if an adapter instance needs to collect 8000 objects, a collector
that runs on a medium node cannot support that as a medium node can handle only 5000
objects. In this situation, you can add a large remote collector or use a configuration that
uses large nodes instead of small nodes.
If the number of objects is close to the high-end limit, dependent on the monitored
environment, increase the memory on the nodes.
In the KB article 2109312 VMware has also attached a nice excel spreadsheet with sizing
guidelines. It is recommended using this before installing vRealize Operations. In this
spreadsheet there are two versions that can be used – Basic and Advanced.
The basic version can be used with vSphere-only management pack, hence vCenter servers
can be used as the only data source. User can basically fill in the following options:
High Availability = Enabled / Disabled
Data Retention (month) = 6 (default and recommended)
Virtual Machines = Numbers of VMs
Hosts = Number of Hosts
Datastores = Number of Datastores
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As per the parameters it will recommend the user to choose the appropriate deployment
configuration and how many appliances would be needed to deploy. It will estimate the disk
capacity size and IOPS requirement, based on the input as shown in Figure 64.
Figure 64. Basic Version Spreadsheet for vSphere-only management pack
Similarly if user configures vRealize Operations with additional data sources, there is an option to
choose the advanced spreadsheet. In this spreadsheet user will be prompted for additional
information, to calculate the sizing requirements for the environment, as shown in Figure 65.
Based on this input it will recommend the user to choose the appropriate deployment
configuration and how many appliances would be needed to deploy.
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Figure 65. Advanced Version Spreadsheet for other data sources
Note: The sizing guidelines for vRealize Operations Manager 6.0.1 are outlined in the
spreadsheet attached at http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2109312
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Detailed Storage Capacity and I/O Considerations
Storage sizing considerations are again defined based on the scale of monitored environment.
Although the installation guide defines scale in terms of virtual machine count, this is again aimed
at achieving familiarity for customers. As with the CPU and memory sizing recommendation, the
considerations for storage sizing are more accurately defined by metric count. This is true for both
capacity and I/O requirements. The capacity requirements for vRealize Operations are derived
from a product of the following parameters:
Metric count
Metric collection frequency (every 5 minutes)
Metric retention period (default of 6 months)
Metric storage requirement (16 bytes per metric)
Using these assumptions in conjunction with the previously defined VM-based sizing approach, it
is possible to determine the amount of storage capacity required. This is calculated as follows:
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Interoperability Matrix
Table 2.
Product Interoperability Matrix
For the latest interoperability matrix, refer to
http://partnerweb.vmware.com/comp_guide2/sim/interop_matrix.php
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